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See detailLa Hesbaye carolingienne
Close, Florence ULg

in Lange, Claude (Ed.) Histoire de la Hesbaye (2013)

Ce chapitre consacré à la Hesbaye au haut moyen âge s'insère dans une histoire générale de la Hesbaye de la préhistoire à l'époque contemporaine. Il fait intervenir des notions de géographie historique et ... [more ▼]

Ce chapitre consacré à la Hesbaye au haut moyen âge s'insère dans une histoire générale de la Hesbaye de la préhistoire à l'époque contemporaine. Il fait intervenir des notions de géographie historique et d'histoire politique régionale. [less ▲]

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See detailTwo Different Realities: Notes on Populism and the Extreme Right
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

in Mammone, Andrea; Godin, Emmanuel; Jenkins, Brian (Eds.) Varieties of Right-Wing Extremism in Europe. (2013)

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See detailRégime de faveur pour les transmissions d'entreprises
Douny, Raphaël ULg

in Droits de succession - 2013 (2013)

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See detailCross-Border Loss Compensation: State and Critique of the Judicature
Richelle, Isabelle ULg

in Richelle, Isabelle; Traversa, Edoardo; Schön, Wolfgang (Eds.) Allocating Taxing Powers within the European Union (2013)

- Addresses key issues for the allocation of taxing powers in the European Union - Looks at fundamental questions of direct taxation - Covers a broad range of aspects such as limited tax liability, losses ... [more ▼]

- Addresses key issues for the allocation of taxing powers in the European Union - Looks at fundamental questions of direct taxation - Covers a broad range of aspects such as limited tax liability, losses or transfer pricing The contributions to this volume try to overcome the traditional approach of the judicature of the European Court of Justice regarding the application of the fundamental freedoms in direct taxation that is largely built on a non-discrimination test. In this volume, outstanding authors cover various aspects of the national and international tax order when European law meets domestic taxation. This includes testing traditional pillars of income taxation – ability-to-pay, source and residence, abuse of law, arm’s length standard – with respect to their place in the emerging European tax order as well as substantial matters of co-existence between different tax systems that are not covered by the non-discrimination approach such as mutual recognition, cross-border loss compensation or avoidance of double taxation. The overarching goal is to flesh out the extent to which a substantive “allocation of taxing powers” within the European Union is on its way to a convincing overall framework and to stretch the discussion “beyond discrimination”. [less ▲]

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See detailQuestions choisies en matière de recouvrement fiscal
Bourgeois, Marc ULg; Oprenyeszk, Jordan ULg; Pirotte, Nathalie

in Bourgeois, Marc; Philippe, Denis-Emmanuel (Eds.) Actualités de droit fiscal - Anno 2013 (2013)

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See detailLo que los Sistemas Nacionales de Innovación no miran. Una crítica constructiva de las políticas de ciencia y tecnología a partir del ‘modelo de la soja transgénica’
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Vasen, Federico

in Tula Molina, Fernando; Vara, Ana Maria (Eds.) Riesgo, política y alternativas tecnológicas. Entre la regulación y la discusión pública (2013)

En todo el mundo, las políticas y planes estratégicos de ciencia, tecnología e innovación (CTI) integran y reproducen una narrativa de innovación para el desarrollo a través del crecimiento económico ... [more ▼]

En todo el mundo, las políticas y planes estratégicos de ciencia, tecnología e innovación (CTI) integran y reproducen una narrativa de innovación para el desarrollo a través del crecimiento económico, utilizando conceptos tales como “sistemas nacionales de innovación” (SNI) (Lundvall, 1992) o “sociedad del conocimiento” o “economía del conocimiento”. Incluso si este modelo de innovación no es ideal o no está adaptado a las realidades locales, ha sido propuesto una y otra vez por organismos internacionales de crédito como el Banco Mundial, el Fondo Monetario Internacional o Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo. La ecuación que está en el corazón de esta narrativa ha sido siempre la misma: fomentar la innovación (e invirtiendo para fortalecer su lugar en la economía nacional) llevará indefectiblemente a mayores beneficios económicos que en última instancia ayudarán a mejorar el nivel de bienestar social. De hecho, al minimo al nivel del discurso institucional, los sistemas nacionales de innovación existen (o hay promesas acerca de que van a existir) en todo lugar en que haya innovación. Volver real y eficiente el sistema se presenta como una precondición para la competitividad y el desarrollo futuro. En la realidad sin embargo, estos sistemas apenas existen en los mayores países en desarrollo, en función de las características del entramado institucional existente, las características de los actores locales, la falta de recursos materiales y simbólicos, los fuertes lazos de dependencia económica y las amplias desigualdades sociales. De modo central, y sin que exista necesariamente una reflexión acerca de si ese camino es el más indicado, tomar el camino de la “sociedad del conocimiento” seriamente, al establecer una estructura institucional para un sistema nacional de innovación, se transforma en el motor para el financiamiento de nuevas políticas públicas. Si la innovación finalmente tiene lugar, esto puede significar también que el poder ha sido desigualmente distribuido entre un número de actores que participaron, de una u otra forma, de un proceso sistémico complejo que pudo involucrar la extracción de recursos naturales, la investigación fundamental y aplicada, desarrollos industriales y márgenes de competitividad que llevaron a mayores beneficios. Este proceso pudo haber implicado la participación activa de los diferentes stakeholders, y la confrontación de diferentes líneas de argumentos, visiones económicas y prioridades socio-políticas. La mayoría del tiempo, cuando los países en desarrollo adoptan la narrativa de la “innovación para el desarrollo”, caen víctimas de un discurso dominante que está arraigado o relacionado con una estructura hegemónica (Radaelli, 2000), un patrón consistente que refleja la colonialidad del poder (Quijano, 2000). En un artículo reciente, Delvenne y Thoreau (2012) se ocupan del influyente y extendido enfoque de los Sistemas Nacionales de Innovación y discuten su adecuación a países que no son miembros de la OCDE, especialmente en América Latina donde tiende a ser reificado. A pesar de que el enfoque de los SNI supuestamente está pensado para abordar las necesidades más urgentes de las economías a las que se aplica, los autores señalan que se beneficiaría con el desarrollo de una visión más abarcativa, que permita integrar mayor diversidad y complejidad. En este capítulo, nos apoyaremos en primer término en su diagnóstico y lo articularemos con la historia del régimen de CTI en América Latina, con un foco especial en Argentina. En un segundo momento, a través de una visión general del caso de la soja transgénica y su importancia para la balanza de pagos de Argentina, exploramos la siguiente paradoja: mientras numerosos académicos señalan la necesidad de desarrollar una agenda de innovación para los países del sur, con un “marco sureño de pensamiento” (Arocena y Sutz, 2003), los planes nacionales de CTI y los desarrollos actuales en biotecnología siguen descansando en una versión reduccionista de la innovación que impide que esta “perspectiva sureña” pueda emerger, y los limita a metas económicas, considerando las aspectos sociales y ecológicos como meras externalidades. Nos proponemos explorar las razones detrás de esta situación y observamos que esto tiene un impacto en los actores que desean utilizar la CTI de modo más reflexivo, a la vez que también en la eficiencia de las políticas de CTI en Argentina. Nuestra intención no es la de criticar ciegamente la orientación de las políticas CTI hacia el crecimiento económico, sino más bien contribuir -a través de un excelente ejemplo de un sector central de la economía argentina- a introducir una perspectiva más crítica y abarcativa de estas políticas públicas. [less ▲]

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See detailAmélioration des agrosystèmes intégrant le haricot commun (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) au Sud-Kivu montagneux
Civava, M.R.; Malice, Marie; Baudoin, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Malumba Kamba, Paul (Ed.) Gestion durable des agro-systèmes en milieu tropical humide (2013)

Le haricot commun, Phaseolus vulgaris L., est l'une des principales cultures de l'est de la République Démocratique du Congo. Au Sud Kivu montagneux, il est principalement produit en système d'association ... [more ▼]

Le haricot commun, Phaseolus vulgaris L., est l'une des principales cultures de l'est de la République Démocratique du Congo. Au Sud Kivu montagneux, il est principalement produit en système d'association culturale, intégrant l'agriculture et de l'élevage, sur des terrains en pente avec des pratiques culturales inappropriées et une gestion calamiteuse de l'érosion, de la fertilité des sols. Comme modalités palliatives à la faible productivité de ce système, le bon choix de la période de semis, l'exploitation des terrains avec des cultures en couloir en intégrant des haies antiérosives de Leucaena et de Tripsacum en courbe de niveau et l'intégration de l'élevage de caprin dans le système, sont quelques pistes proposées qui permettraient de résoudre ce problème ainsi que celui de la disponibilité des terres qui se posent avec acuité dans le milieu. Ce système est présumé rentable car les déchets d'une activité sont utilisés comme intrants pour une autre au sein de la même exploitation. [less ▲]

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See detailPortraits d'usagers d'héroïne - Les patients engagés dans l'expérience pilote belge de traitement assisté par diacétylmorphine
Lemaître, André ULg

in KUHN, André; MARGOT, Pierre; AEBI, Marcelo (Eds.) et al Criminology, Criminal Policy and Criminal Law in an International Perspective : Essays in Honour of Martin Killias (2013)

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See detailPromesses et impasses sociologiques de la phénoménologie
Frère, Bruno ULg; laoureux, Sebastien

in Frère, Bruno; Laoureux, Sebastien (Eds.) La phénoménologie à l'épreuve des sciences humaines (2013)

Pour mener une interrogation sur le ou les types d’usages possibles de la phénoménologie en sociologie dans le cadre restreint de cette contribution, il convient de renoncer à tout souci d’exhaustivité et ... [more ▼]

Pour mener une interrogation sur le ou les types d’usages possibles de la phénoménologie en sociologie dans le cadre restreint de cette contribution, il convient de renoncer à tout souci d’exhaustivité et de délimiter avec précision la portée de notre chapitre. Trois thématiques vont s'emboîter. Tout d’abord, nous reconnaîtrons, comme beaucoup d'autres avant nous, que l'apport principal de celui que l'on présente comme le père de la sociologie phénoménologique, A. Schütz, fut sans conteste son apport épistémologique. En effet, c'est toute une nouvelle posture scientifique que la phénoménologie au sens large va inspirer à la sociologie, comme nous l'évoquerons avec la sociologie pragmatique. Mais dans un second temps, cette posture devra être éprouvée quant à son fond. Le projet de Schütz est rien moins que d'appliquer le transcendantal husserlien à l'empirique. Cette tentative est-elle simplement sociologiquement recevable ? Et, si elle ne l'est pas, cela invalide-t-il définitivement la possibilité d'une sociologie phénoménologique ? Nous montrerons que, en condamnant, à juste titre, la position transcendantale « pure » de Husserl, Schütz échoue cependant à penser la société grâce à la réduction 1 phénoménologique, précisément parce qu'il conserve pour celle-ci une fin typiquement subjectiviste. Quoi qu'il en dise, il continuera de penser la société par le biais d'une égologie, quand bien même ancrée dans l'intersubjectivité. La question pourrait alors se présenter de la sorte : que reste-t-il de spécifiquement phénoménologique à une perspective qui se passe d'ego transcendantal ? La mobilisation d'autres concepts phénoménologiques peut-elle suffire à justifier la création d'une sociologie phénoménologique ? Y a-t-il une méthodologie phénoménologique qui puisse être utile à la sociologie et qui ne passe pas par un retour au sujet ? Pour tenter de répondre à ces questions c'est la notion de rapport intentionnel au monde de la méthode phénoménologique (une méthode qui ouvre à la fois un travail spécifique de description et de formalisation empiriques) qui doit être interrogé par la sociologie. Comme nous le verrons, cette perspective est davantage porteuse. Et à nouveau, on peut en relever les premières perspectives dans la sociologie pragmatique. Autrement dit, l'apport épistémologique de la phénoménologie, généralement concédé à Schütz, n'épuise pas selon nous l'enjeu que constitue la phénoménologie pour la sociologie. Si la phénoménologie échoue à fonder le social en appliquant le transcendantal à l'empirique, comme voudrait le faire Schütz, elle conserve une force encore tout à fait inexploitée pour élaborer une méthode d'investigation sociologique. En investissant des concepts non investis par Schütz comme l'intentionnalité de Husserl et son équivalent dans la phénoménologie de Max Scheler (les états d'esprit) ― et sans omettre l'apport considérable de la redéfinition de la posture épistémologique du sociologue par Schütz ― c'est au renforcement théorique et méthodologique du paradigme pragmatique, actuellement en pleine effervescence et en plein développement, que nous voudrions contribuer. Ce n'est pas tous les jours, pour le dire avec Kuhn, que l'on peut avoir l'impression de vivre un moment où il est possible de sortir quelque peu de la science « ordinaire ». [less ▲]

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See detailDémocratie ou "contre-démocratie" providentielle? réflexions autour des enjeux des politiques européennes de cohésion sociale
Vrancken, Didier ULg

in Kerschen, Nicole; Legrand, Monique; Messu, Michel (Eds.) La symphonie discordante de l'Europe sociale (2013)

Tout en tentant de comprendre le développement actuel des politiques européennes de cohésion sociale dans le cadre des reconfigurations contemporaines des politiques sociales, cet article propose d ... [more ▼]

Tout en tentant de comprendre le développement actuel des politiques européennes de cohésion sociale dans le cadre des reconfigurations contemporaines des politiques sociales, cet article propose d'examiner les mouvements de "lassitude de la solidarité" à l'aune d'une réflexion sur la "contre-démocratie", voire sur "l'impolitique", concepts développés par Pierre Rosanvallon. [less ▲]

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See detailL’atmosphère et les cacahuètes. Simenon, matière de cinéma
Tomasovic, Dick ULg

in Demoulin, Laurent (Ed.) Cahier de l'Herne Simenon (2013)

Fasciné par la puissance de l’image cinématographique, méfiant à l’égard de l’industrie audiovisuelle , Simenon est aussi un cinéphile au goût très sûr. Le cinéma lui rendit cet amour ambivalent. D’une ... [more ▼]

Fasciné par la puissance de l’image cinématographique, méfiant à l’égard de l’industrie audiovisuelle , Simenon est aussi un cinéphile au goût très sûr. Le cinéma lui rendit cet amour ambivalent. D’une part, l’œuvre de Simenon apparaît comme une vache à lait de l’adaptation cinématographique, d’autre part, Simenon exerce une séduction sur un nombre important de cinéastes pour ses qualités descriptives, ses peintures sociales, et, surtout, pour une tonalité atmosphérique imageante qui lui serait propre. [less ▲]

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See detailEvolution de la pauvreté au Vietnam : quelques réflexions
Mai, Lan Phuong ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Hanoi University of Agriculture; Francophone Joint University Council (CIUF) (Eds.) Proceedings of Scientific Research Results - Institutional University Cooperation Program 2008-2012 (2013)

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See detailGene regulatory network inference from systems genetics data using tree-based methods
Huynh-Thu, Vân Anh ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg; Geurts, Pierre ULg

in de la Fuente, Alberto (Ed.) Gene Network Inference - Verification of Methods for Systems Genetics Data (2013)

One of the pressing open problems of computational systems biology is the elucidation of the topology of gene regulatory networks (GRNs). In an attempt to solve this problem, the idea of systems genetics ... [more ▼]

One of the pressing open problems of computational systems biology is the elucidation of the topology of gene regulatory networks (GRNs). In an attempt to solve this problem, the idea of systems genetics is to exploit the natural variations that exist between the DNA sequences of related individuals and that can represent the randomized and multifactorial perturbations necessary to recover GRNs. In this chapter, we present new methods, called GENIE3-SG-joint and GENIE3- SG-sep, for the inference of GRNs from systems genetics data. Experiments on the artificial data of the StatSeq benchmark and of the DREAM5 Systems Genetics challenge show that exploiting jointly expression and genetic data is very helpful for recovering GRNs, and one of our methods outperforms by a large extent the official best performing method of the DREAM5 challenge. [less ▲]

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See detailLa gouvernance territoriale wallonne
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Destatte, Philippe; Van Cutsem, Michaël (Eds.) Quelle(s) vision(s) pour le(s) territoire(s) wallon(s)? Les territoires dialoguent avec leur région (2013)

Il s'agit d'une lecture croisée des travaux de la journée du 2 mai 2012 organisée par la Plateforme d'Intelligence territoriale wallonne mise en place en 2006 par le Service public de Wallonie (DG04) et l ... [more ▼]

Il s'agit d'une lecture croisée des travaux de la journée du 2 mai 2012 organisée par la Plateforme d'Intelligence territoriale wallonne mise en place en 2006 par le Service public de Wallonie (DG04) et l'Institut Destrée. L'objectif de cette journée était de confronter les options et stratégies mises en place par les différents acteurs pour développer leur sous-région et contribuer de la sorte au développement wallon. Cet article repose sur un dialogue entre Christian Bastin et l'auteur de cet article [less ▲]

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See detailLes bois de Tapia de Madagascar: approches phytogéographique, floristique et écologique
Malaisse, François ULg; Pinel, Romain; Razafimanantsoa, Tsiresy Maminiaina et al

in Verheggen, François; Bogaert, Jan; Haubruge, Eric (Eds.) Les vers à soie malgaches : Enjeux écologiques et socio-économiques (2013)

This chapter has three objectives. Firstly, it is emphasized that tapia-dominated areas are spatially distributed into four localities situated on the so-called “Highlands”. Secondly, based on a global ... [more ▼]

This chapter has three objectives. Firstly, it is emphasized that tapia-dominated areas are spatially distributed into four localities situated on the so-called “Highlands”. Secondly, based on a global survey of available literature on tapia vegetation as well as on floristic surveys carried out in two entities (Arivonimamo et Ambatofinandrahana), an actualized list of their floristic diversity is composed. This list is partially illustrated with photographs and plates on a CD-ROM; vernacular names of the considered taxa are quoted. Finally a preliminary ecological interpretation is given based on the vegetation units and (or) ecological niches which are schematically represented. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluating Portfolio Performance: Reconciling Asset Selection and Market Timing
Cavé, Arnaud; Hübner, Georges ULg; Lejeune, Thomas ULg

in Baker, H. Kent; Filbeck, Georges (Eds.) Portfolio Theory and Management (2013)

This chapter examines the performance measurement of mutual funds when both security selection and market timing management skills are considered. In an option replication approach, linear and quadratic ... [more ▼]

This chapter examines the performance measurement of mutual funds when both security selection and market timing management skills are considered. In an option replication approach, linear and quadratic coefficients of the Treynor and Mazuy regression are combined to assess performance in presence of market timing. This new correction has the potential to overcome the “artificial timing” bias and delivers particularly encouraging results on a sample of 1,413 U.S. mutual funds selected for an empirical analysis. Unlike alternative approaches proposed in the literature, most of positive market timers seem to be rewarded for the convexity they add to their portfolio, while negative market timers are penalized, and a correlation between abnormal performance and the convexity parameter is found. [less ▲]

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See detailHow to improve your vocal resonance
Morsomme, Dominique ULg

in Behrman, Alison; Haskell, John (Eds.) Exercises for Voice Therapy (2013)

Now in its second edition, Exercises for Voice Therapy provides speech-language pathologists with step-by-step instruction for developing session materials for clients-both children and adults-with all ... [more ▼]

Now in its second edition, Exercises for Voice Therapy provides speech-language pathologists with step-by-step instruction for developing session materials for clients-both children and adults-with all types of voice disorders. The new edition includes 17 new expert contributors and 24 new exercises, provinding a greater assortment of exercises and targeting a larger variety of voice disorders. The exercises vary in difficulty and all follow the same format for easy integration into speech-language pathologists' therapy sessions.The accompanying CD contains recordings of many of the exercises to provide an aural model for those that may be difficult to interpret from the text alone. [less ▲]

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See detailFinancial analysis of poultry commodity chains in Hanoi Suburb, North of Vietnam
Phan Dang, Thang ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton; Dogot, Thomas ULg et al

in Hanoi University of Agriculture; Francophone Joint University Council (CIUF) (Eds.) Proceedings of Scientific Research Results - Institutional University Cooperation Program 2008-2012 (2013)

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See detailAn analysis the value chain of fresh milk in the North of Vietnam : the case study in Sonla Province
Bui, Thi Nga ULg; Tran Huu, Cong; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Hanoi University of Agriculture; Francophone Joint University Council (CIUF) (Eds.) Proceedings of Scientific Research Results - Institutional University Cooperation Program 2008-2012 (2013)

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See detailBelgique
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Noiret, Pierre (Ed.) Le Paléolithique supérieur européen. Bilan quinquennal 2006-2013 (2013)

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See detailTissu social, coopérations et conflits entre les acteurs de la filière soie de landibe dans la région d’Itasy
Diez, Lise; Poncelet, Marc ULg; Rakotoniaina, Naritiana et al

in Verheggen, François; Bogaert, Jan; Haubruge, Eric (Eds.) Les vers à soie malgaches : Enjeux écologiques et socio-économiques (2013)

Wild silk in Madagascar is made by endemic silk moths of the genus Borocera and locally named landibe. In this study, we tried to shed light on the social aspects of the wild silk sector, by understanding ... [more ▼]

Wild silk in Madagascar is made by endemic silk moths of the genus Borocera and locally named landibe. In this study, we tried to shed light on the social aspects of the wild silk sector, by understanding the interactions between the actors of the sector. We interviewed different professionals such as weavers and cocoon harvesters in the country and in the city. The study area was located in villages of the Itasy region, situated 50 km West of the capital, Antananarivo. Moreover, people working in the silk sector were also interviewed in Antananarivo. Analysis of the wild silk’s sector revealed complex dynamics. Each player has his own purpose, not the least of which is finding additional revenues with silk. In the country, cocoon harvesting and weaving are complementary activities to agriculture. The collective actors of the silk sector are the VOI (Local Communities) who are managing tapia woods, weaving women associations, and NGOs who try to develop silk sector in the region. These collective actors cooperate with the local population, but it appears that some conflicts and misunderstandings arise between individuals and associations, which could hamper meeting the shared goals of silk sector development and preservation of the natural environment. [less ▲]

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See detailAccess to credit of farm households in Hai Duong Province, Vietnam
Le Thi Minh, Chau ULg; Nguyen Tuan, Son; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Hanoi University of Agriculture; Francophone Joint University Council (CIUF) (Eds.) Proceedings of Scientific Research Results - Institutional University Cooperation Program 2008-2012 (2013)

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See detail"Détail et expansion panique des images : Don't Look Now (1973) de Nicolas Roeg"
Belloi, Livio ULg

in Belloi, Livio; Hagelstein, Maud (Eds.) La Mécanique du détail : approches transversales (2013)

Cette étude aborde la question du détail au cinéma en se concentrant plus particulièrement sur la première séquence de "Don't Look Now" (1973) de Nicolas Roeg.

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See detailDeux coordinations négatives en grec ancien: différences sémantiques et pragmatiques entre οὐδέ et οὔτε
Denizot, Camille ULg

in François, Jacques; Larrivée, Pierre; Legallois, Dominique (Eds.) et al La linguistique de la contradiction (2013)

This paper deals with the semantic and pragmatic differences between two negative coordinators in Ancient Greek, οὐδέ and οὔτε. According to the traditional view, οὔτε is a symmetrical coordinator, which ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the semantic and pragmatic differences between two negative coordinators in Ancient Greek, οὐδέ and οὔτε. According to the traditional view, οὔτε is a symmetrical coordinator, which links two terms without a semantic hierarchy, contrary to οὐδέ. This study tends to show that this is not the essential principle which differentiates the two coordinators, but a consequence of a more general characteristic, i.e. that the negative domain built by the two coordinators is different: with οὔτε the negative domain is unique and closed, the negated terms are contradictory ones in case of antonyms and their order is free; with οὐδέ there can be several negative domains or the negative domain is open, the negated terms are contrary ones in case of antonyms and their order depends on the argumentative goal. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Comprehensive Meaning of Life in Bergson
Caeymaex, Florence ULg

in Campbell, Scott M. (Ed.) The Science, Politics, and Ontology of Life-Philosophy (2013)

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See detailFormación de los profesores universitarios para la gestión de competencias: trayectorias diferenciadas para apoyar a los docentes en sus enfoques orientados al desarrollo de las competencias de sus estudiantes
Poumay, Marianne ULg

in Corvalan, Oscar; Tardif, Jacques; Montero, Patricio (Eds.) Metodologías para la innovación curricular universitaria basada en el desarrollo de competencias (2013)

Dans de nombreux pays d’Europe et d’Amérique, tant au Nord qu’au Sud, les programmes axés sur le développement de compétences remplacent petit à petit les cursus axés sur l’accumulation de ressources, et ... [more ▼]

Dans de nombreux pays d’Europe et d’Amérique, tant au Nord qu’au Sud, les programmes axés sur le développement de compétences remplacent petit à petit les cursus axés sur l’accumulation de ressources, et notamment de connaissances. Les programmes gagnent en ambition, ajoutant une couche « compétences » à cette couche de connaissances, pour sa part non remise en question mais plus intégrée et mieux mobilisable au service de la résolution de problèmes professionnels ou citoyens. Que faire pour aider les enseignants qui le souhaitent à se diriger dans cette voie ? Et quand l’offre aux enseignants se déploie, quel accueil reçoit-elle ? En quoi chaque action contribue-t-elle à l’innovation institutionnelle en matière de compétences ? Ce chapitre tente de décrire les actions qui ont découlé de cette politique de l’ULG « orientée compétences » et dégage une série de pistes au service de collègues intéressés par la formation des enseignants et l’innovation institutionnelle. [less ▲]

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See detailLe divorce par consentement mutuel
Leleu, Yves-Henri ULg

in Leleu, Yves-Henri (Ed.) Divorce et aliments (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (8 ULg)
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See detailLa proposition de Règlement relatif à un droit commun européen de la vente
Kohl, Benoît ULg; Wéry, P.

in Wéry, P.; Germain, J.F. (Eds.) La vente. Développements récents et questions spéciales (2013)

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See detailTowards a European Understanding of Academic Education of the Military Officers?
Paile, Sylvain ULg

in Annen, Hubert; Nakkas, Can; Mäkinen, Juha (Eds.) Thinking and Acting in Military Pedagogy (2013)

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See detailWhy do poverty reduction strategies not bring real effects in Northern Mountain, Vietnam : case of the communes of Xuan Phong and Tu Ly, Hoa Binh Province
Mai, Lan Phuong ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Nguyen Mau, Dung

in Hanoi University of Agriculture; Francophone Joint University Council (CIUF) (Eds.) Proceedings of Scientific Research Results - Institutional University Cooperation Program 2008-2012 (2013)

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See detailPlace de la soie de landibe dans l’économie rurale de la région d’Arivonimamo
Diez, Lise; Poncelet, Marc ULg; Rakotoniaina, Naritiana et al

in Verheggen, François; Bogaert, Jan; Haubruge, Eric (Eds.) Les vers à soie malgaches : Enjeux écologiques et socio-économiques (2013)

Wild silk in Madagascar is produced by endemic silk moths of the genus Borocera, locally named landibe. Wild silk is used to produce shrouds and clothes, and provides a great added value. In this document ... [more ▼]

Wild silk in Madagascar is produced by endemic silk moths of the genus Borocera, locally named landibe. Wild silk is used to produce shrouds and clothes, and provides a great added value. In this document, we describe the silk sector in the Arivinimamo region, and we analyze the importance of silk production and transformation as a source of income for rural populations, as observed in 2008. First, the harvest of cocoons does not require any investment and weaving pays more than working as a field hand. In the study area, wild silk brings significant profits to households. In Antananarivo, workshops employ many weavers. Consequently, wild silk is quite important for the region’s employment. However, these activities still belong to the informal sector and it is quite difficult to know the real impact of the sector on the national economy. Wild silk products are mostly sold in Antananarivo, at outdoor marketplaces or in specialized shops. Nowadays, the principal problem of the wild silk enterprise is finding markets. The economic crisis in the country diminishes demand as well as investment possibilities for weavers and enterprises. [less ▲]

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See detailLe financement des entités fédérées en Belgique : quels changements après la sixième réforme de l’Etat ?
Bourgeois, Marc ULg; Bayenet, Benoit

in Sautois, J.; Uyttendaele, M. (Eds.) La sixième réforme de l’Etat (2012-2013) – Tournant historique ou soubresaut ordinaire ? (2013)

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See detailÉtude analytique de l'agriculture familiale au Burundi : impact des conflits fonciers sur le développement socio-économique des exploitants agricoles de la province de Kirundo
Minani, Bonaventure ULg; Rurema, Déo-Guide; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Reyntjens, F.; Vandeginste, S.; Verpoorten, M. (Eds.) L'Afrique des Grands Lacs : Annuaire 2012-2013 (2013)

In Burundi, family farming occupies more than 90% of the active population and plays a vital role in food production and participates in the formation of more than 50% of GDP. Before the civil war of 1993 ... [more ▼]

In Burundi, family farming occupies more than 90% of the active population and plays a vital role in food production and participates in the formation of more than 50% of GDP. Before the civil war of 1993, Kirundo was deemed “breadbasket of the country” because it fed many parts of Burundi in particular food legumes and cereals, so that family farming was market-oriented. Today, this is the first province in Burundi that shows a high rate of malnutrition, poverty increased and a sharp decline in agricultural production up more than 56.6% from 1996 to 2009. The objective of this study is to understand the impact of land conflict on the socio-economic development of farmers in Kirundo Province. To conduct this study, an initial survey was carried out in 2010 among 355 randomly selected farmers in all communes of Kirundo. To understand the scope of land conflicts and its consequences on the socio-economic households, a second survey was conducted among 30 people who came to the High Court of Kirundo. The study was completed by collecting data on the courts of the residential suburbs of Bugabira, Busoni, Gitobe, Kirundo, Ntega and Vumbi communes, and also on the High Court of Kirundo province. Analysis of the results shows that land conflicts in the region have the following consequences: huge losses of agricultural production, substantial legal costs and the imprisonment and killing of people because of land conflicts. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Querelle au couvent? De l'inégalité des sexes dans les communautés de religieuses au XVIIe siècle
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth; Haase-Dubosc, Danielle (Eds.) Revisiter la Querelle des femmes : les discours sur l’égalité/inégalité des femmes et des hommes, de la Renaissance aux lendemains de la Révolution française. 1600-1750 (2013)

Au XVIIe siècle, quantité de femmes, toutes origines sociales confondues, se sont investies comme agents particulièrement actifs de la Réforme tridentine. Si bon nombre de leurs réalisations ont reçu le ... [more ▼]

Au XVIIe siècle, quantité de femmes, toutes origines sociales confondues, se sont investies comme agents particulièrement actifs de la Réforme tridentine. Si bon nombre de leurs réalisations ont reçu le soutien des autorités ecclésiastiques, les clercs ont bien veillé cependant à ce que leurs discours et comportements demeurent circonscrits dans les champs d’actions réservés aux femmes par l’institution ecclésiale et n’empiètent en aucune manière sur les leurs. Le milieu conventuel est un terrain d’observation intéressant pour parvenir à croiser témoignages des unes et discours des autres à propos d’initiatives féminines (prise de paroles en public, direction spirituelle, désir d’apostolat, exercice du pouvoir…) auxquelles répond un clergé jaloux de son autorité sacerdotale. [less ▲]

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See detailTraitement du trouble bipolaire de type II
Scantamburlo, Gabrielle ULg; ANSSEAU, Marc ULg

in Thérapeutique des toubles de l'humeur (2013)

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See detailThe respiratory system: anatomy, physiology, and adaptations to exercise and training
Lekeux, Pierre ULg; Art, Tatiana ULg; Hodgson, David R

in Hodgson, D.R.; McKeever, K.H.; McGowan, C.M. (Eds.) The Athletic Horse. Principles and Practice of Equine Sports Medicine Second Edition (2013)

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See detailRadiocarbon dating of human remains and associated archaeological material
Semal, P.; Hauzeur, Anne ULg; Rougier, H. et al

in Rougier, Hélène; Semal, Patrick (Eds.) Spy cave. 125 years of multidisciplinary research at the Betche aux Rotches (Jemeppe-sur-Sambre, Province of Namur, Belgium), Volume I (2013)

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See detailDe quoi Gravettien est-il le nom ?
Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Otte, Marcel (Ed.) Les Gravettiens (2013)

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See detailExceptions de nullité
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailNose and Sleep Breathing Disorders
POIRRIER, Anne-Lise ULg; Eloy, P.; Rombaux, P.

in Onerci, M. (Ed.) Nasal Physiology and Pathophysiology of Nasal Disorders (2013)

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See detailLa médiation à l'épreuve de l'Etat social actif
Brahy, Rachel ULg; Duchesne, Fanette

in Castelain, Bernard (Ed.) De l'autre côté du conflit : la médiation (2013)

La médiation apparaît aujourd’hui comme une réponse efficace face à l’inquiétude relative aux délitements des liens sociaux. Dans une société de plus en plus souvent qualifiée d’individualiste, comment ... [more ▼]

La médiation apparaît aujourd’hui comme une réponse efficace face à l’inquiétude relative aux délitements des liens sociaux. Dans une société de plus en plus souvent qualifiée d’individualiste, comment comprendre les pratiques de médiation ? D’une part, le médiateur répond aux demandes de prise en compte des particularités individuelles. Il accepte et valorise le postulat anthropologique d’un individu autonome, responsable et capable. Par ailleurs, le médiateur va relier, renouer le dialogue et les rapports à l’autre. Ce faisant, une anthropologie de l’interdépendance et de la vulnérabilité est également mobilisée. Comment ces deux postulats anthropologiques, a priori opposés, parviennent-ils à s’articuler dans la pratique ? En prenant en compte des exemples concrets issus de la méditation familiale, nous pourrons nourrir cette question et nous interroger – plus généralement – sur la pratique de médiation en tant qu’elle représente (ou non) une alternative aux autres modèles existants. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluating Effects of Tyrosine Phosphatase Inhibitors on T Cell Receptor Signaling
Rahmouni, Souad ULg; Delacroix, Laurence ULg; Liu, Wallace et al

in Phosphatase Modulators, Methods in Molecular Biology (2013)

The importance of tyrosine phosphorylation in normal cell physiology is well established, highlighted by the many human diseases that stem from abnormalities in protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) and protein ... [more ▼]

The importance of tyrosine phosphorylation in normal cell physiology is well established, highlighted by the many human diseases that stem from abnormalities in protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) and protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) function. Contrary to earlier assumptions, it is now clear that both PTKs and PTPs are highly specific, non-redundant, and tightly regulated enzymes. Hematopoietic cells express particularly high numbers of PTKs and PTPs, and aberrant function of these proteins have been linked to many hematopoietic disorders. While PTK inhibitors are among FDA approved drugs for the treatment of leukemia and other cancers, efforts to develop therapeutics that target specific PTPs are still in its infancy. Here, we describe methods on how to evaluate effects of PTP inhibitors on T cell receptor signaling. Moreover, we provide a comprehensive strategy for compound prioritization, applicable to any drug discovery project involving T cells. We present a testing funnel that starts with relatively high-throughput luciferase reporter assays, followed by immunoblot, calcium flux, flow cytometry, and proliferation assays, continues with cytokine bead arrays, and finishes with specificity assays that involve RNA interference. We provide protocols for experiments in the Jurkat T cell line, but more importantly give detailed instructions, paired with numerous tips, on how to prepare and work with primary human T cells. [less ▲]

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See detailPourquoi nomma-t-on les hymnes vieil-avestiques Gâthâs?
Swennen, Philippe ULg

in Le sort des Gâthâs et autres études iraniennes in memoriam Jacques Duchesne-Guillemin (2013)

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See detailLa régénération naturelle assistée, un outil pour rendre les jachères plus productives
Peltier, Régis; Marquant, Baptiste; Gigaud, Morgan et al

in Louppe, Dominique; Larzillière, Adélaïde (Eds.) Quand la ville mange la forêt : les défis du bois-énergie en Afrique centrale (2013)

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See detailLivres de fête et cérémonies du pouvoir à la cour de Lorraine
Rusch, Arnaud ULg

in Christin, Olivier; Roze, Francine (Eds.) Un nouveau monde : Naissance de la Lorraine moderne (2013)

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See detailUne démarche participative pour un partage des connaissances
Larzilière, Adélaïde; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Dubiez, Emilien et al

in Louppe, Dominique; Larzilière, Adélaïde (Eds.) Quand la ville mange la forêt : les défis du bois-énergie en Afrique centrale (2013)

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See detailThe History of double taxation conventions in Belgium
Richelle, Isabelle ULg; Traversa, Edoardo; Gombeer, Jacques

in Docclo, Caroline (Ed.) ALABASTER 1938-2013 (2013)

Conformément à la tradition du Groupement, les matières les plus diverses qui intéressent les fiscalistes sont traitées et sont l'illustration de l'esprit du groupement belge. Questions pointues ... [more ▼]

Conformément à la tradition du Groupement, les matières les plus diverses qui intéressent les fiscalistes sont traitées et sont l'illustration de l'esprit du groupement belge. Questions pointues, réflexions, précieux documents pour les scientifiques et les praticiens. [less ▲]

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See detailBasics of PEMFC including the use of carbon-supported nanoparticles
Chatenet, Marian; Job, Nathalie ULg; Maillard, Frédéric

in Suib, Steven (Ed.) New and future developments in catalysis. Catalysis by nanoparticles. (2013)

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See detailAutonomie en droit de l’établissement
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg

in Kessedjian, C. (Ed.) L'Autonomie en droit européen (2013)

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See detailLa filiation issue d'une gestation pour autrui Quelles règles de droit international privé pour la Belgique?
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Sosson, Jehanne; Schamps, Geneviève (Eds.) La gestation pour autrui : vers un encadrement? (2013)

Les questions de droit international privé intéressant la gestation pour autrui suscitent un intérêt croissant ces dernières années. Le regain d'attention portée à la gestation pour autrui (GPA) s ... [more ▼]

Les questions de droit international privé intéressant la gestation pour autrui suscitent un intérêt croissant ces dernières années. Le regain d'attention portée à la gestation pour autrui (GPA) s'explique sans doute pour partie par la multiplication des espèces soumises aux cours et tribunaux. Comme dans d'autres pays, ces développements ont retenu l'attention du législateur belge. La gestation pour autrui fait en Belgique l'objet de différentes propositions de loi. L'examen des différentes propositions de loi révèle que les questions de droit international privé n'ont pas retenu, ou en tout cas pas de façon substantielle, l'attention de leurs auteurs. La présente contribution se propose d'examiner quelles pistes de solution le législateur belge pourrait emprunter s'il souhaite envisager les questions de droit international privé. Elle s'appuiera sur les différentes décisions prononcées récemment par les juridictions belges. Avant de s'interroger sur la forme que pourrait prendre une éventuelle règle de droit international privé en matière de gestation pour autrui, la contribution précisera l'influence que peut exercer le droit interne sur cette règle. [less ▲]

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See detailPublications de Jacques Duchesne-Guillemin depuis 1984
Swennen, Philippe ULg

in Le sort des Gâthâs et autres études iraniennes in memoriam Jacques Duchesne-Guillemin (2013)

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See detailRelevance of an Ecosystem Services approach in Wallonia.
Dufrêne, Marc ULg

in Jacobs, S.; Keune, H.; Dendoncker, N. (Eds.) Belgium Ecosystem Services – Global Issues Local Practices (2013)

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See detailAvant-propos
Belloi, Livio ULg; Hagelstein, Maud ULg

in Belloi, Livio; Hagelstein, Maud (Eds.) La Mécanique du détail : approches transversales (2013)

Mise au point épistémologique sur la question du détail dans les arts.

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See detailMauvaise foi narratologique dans deux romans de Jean-Philippe Toussaint
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Schoentjes, Pierre; Alexandre, Didier; Sindaco, Sarah (Eds.) L’Ironie : formes et enjeux d’une écriture contemporaine (2013)

Analyse du fonctionnement et des implications d'une forme particulière d'ironie, appelée ici "mauvaise foi narratologique", présente dans deux romans de Jean-Philippe Toussaint: La Télévision et La Vérité ... [more ▼]

Analyse du fonctionnement et des implications d'une forme particulière d'ironie, appelée ici "mauvaise foi narratologique", présente dans deux romans de Jean-Philippe Toussaint: La Télévision et La Vérité sur Marie. [less ▲]

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See detailHealth Economics Analyses in Osteoporosis
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Arinoviche Schenker, Roberto; Arriagada Maldini, Marina (Eds.) Temas de osteoporosis y otras enfermedades oseas (2013)

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See detailAutorisations administratives et troubles de voisinage
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Chroniques de droit à l'usage des juges de paix et de police 2013 (2013)

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See detailFigli di un testo minore
Curreri, Luciano ULg

in Curreri, Luciano; Traina, Giuseppe (Eds.) Studi in onore di Giuseppe Papponetti (2013)

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See detailIn Praise of Boxes
Delville, Michel ULg

in Freitag, Kornelia (Ed.) Memory, the United States, and Transnational Poetics (2013)

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See detailLes aspects comptables du compte courant
Niessen, Wilfried ULg; Capodici, Giuseppina ULg

in Bourgeois, Marc; Pace, Xavier (Eds.) Les comptes courants d'associés: questions choisies en droit commercial et en droit des sociétés (2013)

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See detailL'organisation du pouvoir dans les groupes de sociétés
Caprasse, Olivier ULg; Fyon, Marc

in Dal, Georges-Albert (Ed.) Droit des groupes de sociétés questions pratiques (2013)

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See detailThe Role of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor (AHR) and AHR-Interacting Protein (AIP) in the Pathogenesis of Pituitary Adenomas
Jaffrain Rea, ML; Beckers, Albert ULg

in Hayat, MA (Ed.) Tumors of the Central nervous system (2013)

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See detailLes comptes courants d'associés: questions choisies en droit commercial et en droit des sociétés
Gol, Déborah ULg

in Bourgeois, Marc (Ed.) Le compte courant dans la vie des affaires (2013)

La contribution envisage plus particulièrement l'usage des comptes courants d'associés sous deux angles: d'une part, une tendance à l'effacement de la dichotomie traditionnelle entre la créance et l ... [more ▼]

La contribution envisage plus particulièrement l'usage des comptes courants d'associés sous deux angles: d'une part, une tendance à l'effacement de la dichotomie traditionnelle entre la créance et l'apport, qui s'observe particulièrement dans le contentieux des entreprises en difficultés et, par ailleurs, une tendance à réaffirmer cette dualité au regard de questions qui touchent aux rapports entre l'associé et sa société et en particulier à la faculté pour ce dernier d'être traité, à l'égard de sa société, comme n'importe quel créancier. [less ▲]

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See detailHouseholds' net incomes and food consumption in suburban Hanoi
Vu Dinh, Ton; Phan Dang, Thang ULg; Duquesne, Brigitte et al

in Hanoi University of Agriculture; Francophone Joint University Council (CIUF) (Eds.) Proceedings of Scientific Research Results - Institutional University Cooperation Program 2008-2012 (2013)

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See detailLa forêt de tapia, écosystème endémique de Madagascar : écologie, fonctions, causes de dégradation et de transformation (synthèse bibliographique)
Rakotondrasoa, Olivia Lovanirina; Malaisse, François ULg; Rajoelison, Gabrielle Lalanirina et al

in Verheggen, François; Bogaert, Jan; Haubruge, Eric (Eds.) Les vers à soie malgaches : Enjeux écologiques et socio-économiques (2013)

This article presents an overview of the tapia forest (Uapaca bojeri Baill.) in Madagascar in order to emphasize its importance for the development of the local population through improving household ... [more ▼]

This article presents an overview of the tapia forest (Uapaca bojeri Baill.) in Madagascar in order to emphasize its importance for the development of the local population through improving household incomes. The tapia forest is a “socio-natural” formation, quasi-monospecific with regard to the tree stratum and endemic to Madagascar. It is only located in the Highlands of Madagascar. Alongside its ecosystem functions, the tapia forest hosts various resources, including non-timber forest products as well as timber itself, all of which play an important role in the informal local economy. However, the tapia ecosystem is threatened by human destruction through bush fires, production of firewood and charcoal, agriculture expansion, and by invasion of exotic species introduced for the purposes of reforestation. Subsequently, the sustainable management and protection of the tapia forest is essential in order to enable local populations to reap its benefits across several generations. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of dual cyclodextrin systems in capillary electrophoresis enantioseparations.
Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg; Fillet, Marianne ULg

in Methods in Molecular biology 970: Chiral Separations (2013)

The enantioseparation of acidic and neutral compounds can be successfully achieved in capillary electrophoresis (CE) using dual cyclodextrin (CD) systems. This chapter describes how to separate the ... [more ▼]

The enantioseparation of acidic and neutral compounds can be successfully achieved in capillary electrophoresis (CE) using dual cyclodextrin (CD) systems. This chapter describes how to separate the enantiomers of acidic or neutral substances using dual CD systems made up of a negatively charged CD derivative, i.e., sulfobutyl-beta-CD (SB-beta-CD) or carboxymethyl-beta-CD (CM-beta-CD), in combination with a neutral one, namely, heptakis(2,3,6-tri-O-methyl)-beta-CD (TM-beta-CD). An acidic compound (carprofen) and a weakly acidic drug (pentobarbital) were selected as model compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailScreening and confirmatory methods for the detection of dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) in foods
Focant, Jean-François ULg; Eppe, Gauthier ULg

in Rose, Martin; Fernandes, Alwyn (Eds.) Persistent organic pollutants and toxic metals in foods (2013)

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See detailInfluence des reboisements d'eucalyptus (Eucalyptus robusta) et de pin (Pinus kesiya) sur la régénération naturelle de tapia (Uapaca bojeri) en forêt d'Arivonimamo
Rakotondrasoa, Olivia Lovanirina; Stein, Julien; Ayral, Astrid et al

in Verheggen, François; Bogaert, Jan; Haubruge, Eric (Eds.) Les vers à soie malgaches : Enjeux écologiques et socio-économiques (2013)

Confronted with the ongoing degradation of the tapia woodlands (Uapaca bojeri), reforestation by Pinus sp. and Eucalyptus sp.was considered as an alternative in Arivonimamo to substitute tapia for the ... [more ▼]

Confronted with the ongoing degradation of the tapia woodlands (Uapaca bojeri), reforestation by Pinus sp. and Eucalyptus sp.was considered as an alternative in Arivonimamo to substitute tapia for the production of firewood. However, the invasion by these alien species is actually considered as one of the threats to the tapia woodland in Madagascar. In this context, this study aimed to analyze the regeneration of the tapia woodlands in Arivonimamo. Consequently, “contact zones” between stands of exotic species, Pinus kesiya or Eucalyptus robusta, and U. bojeri were identified, in order to study tree regeneration along transects in each cardinal direction starting inside the exotic forests and continuing into the native populations. This study showed that the density of tapia regeneration varied between sites. It also appeared that the capacity of P. kesiya to invade the tapia woodland is much higher than for E. robusta. Moreover, the regeneration of pine inside the pine’s plantations was rather low. In addition, it was observed that the canopy opening rate had no significant influence on the development of the regeneration of the three species involved. Differences in canopy opening are due to various human activities such as the collection of non-timber forest products (tapia), the forestry operation of cleaning (pine) and early cutting (eucalyptus). [less ▲]

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See detailModeling and Prediction of Time-Varying Environmental Data Using Advanced Bayesian Methods
Mansouri, Majdi ULg; Dumont, Benjamin ULg; Destain, Marie-France ULg

in Masegosa, Antoçnio; Villacorta, Pablo; Cruz-Corona, Carlos (Eds.) et al Exploring Innovative and Successful Applications of Soft Computing (2013)

The problem of state/parameter estimation represents a key issue in crop models which are nonlinear, non-Gaussian and include a large number of parameters. The prediction errors are often important due to ... [more ▼]

The problem of state/parameter estimation represents a key issue in crop models which are nonlinear, non-Gaussian and include a large number of parameters. The prediction errors are often important due to uncertainties in the equations, the input variables, and the parameters. The measurements needed to run the model (input data), to perform calibration and validation are sometimes not numerous or known with some uncertainty. In these cases, estimating the state variables and/or parameters from easily obtained measurements can be extremely useful. In this work, we address the problem of modeling and prediction of leaf area index and soil moisture (LSM) using state estimation. The performances of various conventional and state-of-the-art state estimation techniques are compared when they are utilized to achieve this objective. These techniques include the extended Kalman filter (EKF), unscented Kalman filter (UKF), particle filter (PF), and the more recently developed technique variational Bayesian filter (VF). The objective of this work is to extend the state and parameter estimation techniques (i.e., EKF, UKF, PF and VF) to better handle nonlinear and non-Gaussian processes without a priori state information, by utilizing a time-varying assumption of statistical parameters. In this case, the state vector to be estimated at any instant is assumed to follow a Gaussian model, where the expectation and the covariance matrix are both random. The randomness of the expectation and the covariance of the state/parameter vector are assumed here to further capture the uncertainty of the state distribution. One practical choice of these distributions can be a Gaussian distribution for the expectation and a multi-dimensional Wishart distribution for the covariance matrix. The assumption of random mean and random covariance of the state leads to a probability distribution covering a wide range of tail behaviors, which allows discrete jumps in the state variables. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigating Expertise, Flexibility and Resilience in Socio-technical Environments : A Case Study in Robotic Surgery.
Nyssen, Anne-Sophie ULg; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg

in Hollnagel, Erik; Braithwaite, Jeffrey; Wears, Robert (Eds.) Resilient Health Care (2013)

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See detailAppropriation progressive de l'arganeraie: exploration de l'histoire depuis la genèse des droits jusqu'à leur refonte
Bejbouji, Jihane ULg; Mougenot, Catherine ULg; Mormont, Marc ULg et al

in Farcy, Christine; Peyron, Jean-Luc; Poss, Yves (Eds.) Forêts et Foresterie. Mutations et décloisonnements (2013)

L’arganeraie, spécificité du Sud-Ouest marocain, est l’ensemble des écosystèmes dont l’espèce caractéristique est l’arganier ou Argania spinosa. Outre leurs multiples fonctions écologiques, ces ... [more ▼]

L’arganeraie, spécificité du Sud-Ouest marocain, est l’ensemble des écosystèmes dont l’espèce caractéristique est l’arganier ou Argania spinosa. Outre leurs multiples fonctions écologiques, ces écosystèmes procurent de nombreux biens pour une population pauvre vivant dans des conditions précaires. Toutefois, cet espace intrigue. En effet, à la différence des autres forêts marocaines dont les riverains ne disposent que de deux droits (la récolte de bois mort gisant et le parcours), la population de l’arganeraie a bénéficié d’une législation spéciale depuis 1925, jouissant ainsi d’une large gamme d’utilisation et d’exploitation des ressources forestières. L’image classique véhiculée de cet espace est celle d’une population autochtone, connue pour son élevage caprin, poursuivant des pratiques ancestrales, notamment l’agdal, et gérant des terrains d’arganiers dont elle tire depuis toujours une huile, aujourd’hui très prisée à l’échelle internationale, et devenue emblématique du Maroc. Les historiens nous livrent pourtant une image contrastée entre recherche de la sécurité et de terrains fertiles et fuite de l’insécurité. Parmi les différentes étapes qui ont jalonné son histoire, nous distinguons pour notre propos deux étapes principales : une première période se situe avant la délimitation des forêts et est marquée par des vagues d’immigration successives venant du sud ; la seconde, à la suite de la colonisation, a remodelé et déstabilisé la situation foncière traditionnelle dans la zone en délimitant un espace domanial. Dans cet article, nous dressons le portrait actuel de l’espace et l’ensemble des droits qui le régissent. Cette construction sociale résulte d’une histoire riche et tourmentée, ayant affecté les modes de gestion des territoires. Pour ce faire, nous avons mobilisé des données d’historiens et d’enquêtes qualitatives et quantitatives réalisées dans le cadre de ce travail ; ces dernières se sont déroulées auprès de 100 ménages, principalement au niveau de trois communes rurales autour du massif du Jbel Amsitten. Il constitue l’une des dix-huit zones centrales de la Réserve de Biosphère de l’arganier, dans le Sud-Ouest marocain. Etant donné que les enquêtes s’intéressent aux usages et pratiques des ménages enquêtés, mais aussi de leurs aïeuls et ascendants, ce travail de recherche pourrait contribuer à reconstruire l’histoire de la zone à partir de celle des personnes interviewées via la compréhension de leur implantation spatiale ou temporelle. Nos enquêtes nous montrent que la population est issue d’un brassage récent d’émigrants du sud. Il s’en suit une trame de droits récemment forgée ; le domanial étant bien distinct du privé avec un rétrécissement des droits concédés par les Français. Renouer avec le corpus de règles qu’entretenait la population avec cet espace-ressources, pourrait être à notre avis, une des principales portes d’entrées à leur conservation. [less ▲]

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See detailImaging Orbitals by Ionization or Electron Attachment: The Role of Dyson Orbitals
Mignolet, Benoît ULg; Kus, Tomasz ULg; Remacle, Françoise ULg et al

in Imaging and Manipulating Molecular Orbitals (2013)

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See detailModelling of contact between stiff bodies in automotive transmission systems
Virlez, Geoffrey ULg; Bruls, Olivier ULg; Poulet, Nicolas et al

in Fisette, Paul; Samin, Jean-Claude (Eds.) Multibody Dynamics: Computational Methods and Applications (2013)

Many transmission components contain moving parts, which can come into in contact. For example, the TORSEN differentials aremainly composed of gear pairs and thrust washers. The friction involved by ... [more ▼]

Many transmission components contain moving parts, which can come into in contact. For example, the TORSEN differentials aremainly composed of gear pairs and thrust washers. The friction involved by contacts between these two parts is essential in the working principle of such differentials. In this chapter, two different contact models are presented and exploited for the modelling of differentials. The former uses an augmented Lagrangian technique or a penalty method and is defined between two flexible bodies or between a rigid body and a flexible structure. The second contact formulation is a continuous impact modelling based on a restitution coefficient. [less ▲]

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See detailContre-lexiques du pouvoir au XIXe siècle
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in Saignes; Salha, Agathe (Eds.) Du Grand Inquisiteur à Big Brother: sciences, techniques et pouvoir dans la littérature et les arts (2013)

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See detailTraitement du trouble bipolaire II
Scantamburlo, Gabrielle ULg; Ansseau, Marc ULg

in Aubry, Jean-Marie; FERRERO, F; SCHAAD, N (Eds.) Psychopharmacologie des Troubles Bipolaires, Médecine et Hygiène (2013)

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See detailCase Note Case C-122/10, Konsumentombudmannen / Ving Sverge
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg

in Terryn, Evelyne; Colaert, Veerle; Straetmans, Gert (Eds.) Landmark Cases of EU Consumer Law – In Honour of Jules Stuyck (2013)

Starting from a rather ordinary judgement of the Court of justice in the field of consumer law, this chapter examine where in the legal reasoning behavioural insights could add something and how they ... [more ▼]

Starting from a rather ordinary judgement of the Court of justice in the field of consumer law, this chapter examine where in the legal reasoning behavioural insights could add something and how they could be used in practice. [less ▲]

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See detailMaigret et le clochard, un polar existentiel et poétique adapté à la télévision
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Demoulin, Laurent (Ed.) Cahier de l'Herne Simenon (2013)

Maigret et le clochard est un roman policier qui explore les limites du genre au point de pouvoir être envisagé comme un roman poétique ou existentiel. Qu'en est-il alors de son intrigue policière? Et ... [more ▼]

Maigret et le clochard est un roman policier qui explore les limites du genre au point de pouvoir être envisagé comme un roman poétique ou existentiel. Qu'en est-il alors de son intrigue policière? Et comment les scénaristes qui ont adapté ce roman pour la télévision ont-il traité cette intrigue inhabituelle? [less ▲]

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See detailLes perceptions des grands tournants de sa propre vie : une comparaison internationale
Cavalli, Stefano; Lalive d'Epinay, Christian; Martenot, Aude et al

in Burnay, Nathalie; Ertul, Servet; Jean-Philippe, Melchior (Eds.) Parcours sociaux et nouveaux desseins temporels (2013)

Le présent article porte sur la perception et l'identification des principaux tournants de la vie, propres à des adultes de 5 classes d'âges et ce, dans 6 pays d'Europe et d'Amérique latine. L'accent est ... [more ▼]

Le présent article porte sur la perception et l'identification des principaux tournants de la vie, propres à des adultes de 5 classes d'âges et ce, dans 6 pays d'Europe et d'Amérique latine. L'accent est placé sur la comparaison internationale et non sur les différences entre classes d'âges. La question est de savoir si dans des contextes sociétaux très différents, la reconstitution subjective des parcours renvoie à un modèle similaire de parcours de vie ou si on observe, au contraire, un impact de la dynamique historique de la société sur la représentation que l'on a de sa propre vie. [less ▲]

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See detailInternational Public Contracts : Applicable Law and Dispute Resolution
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Audit, Mathias; Schill, Stephan (Eds.) THE INTERNATIONALIZATION OF PUBLIC CONTRACTS (2013)

This paper examines the legal regimes of international contracts concluded by States and public entities. These agreements come in many shape and form. Some of these contracts are long term arrangements ... [more ▼]

This paper examines the legal regimes of international contracts concluded by States and public entities. These agreements come in many shape and form. Some of these contracts are long term arrangements involving massive amount of capital and touching upon key resources of the State. Other contracts are of more limited scope. The paper focuses on the law applicable to such agreements. The importance of determining the law applicable to 'state contracts' follows from the peculiar features of a contractual relation with a State, and most notably the additional risk this creates. As in the domestic context, the State is not a contractual partner like any other. It comes into the contractual relationship with its exorbitant powers and sometimes bad manners. This explains why, in contrast with private agreements, where such clauses are too often neglected, provisions on applicable law and settlement of disputes are often considered the “most sensitive legal issues” in the framework of contracts concluded by States. In this against this background that public international contracts will be examined. The attention will first focus on the determination of the law applicable to such contracts (section 1). Thereafter the focus will be on the various stabilization mechanisms used in practice (section 2). This will include both direct stabilization mechanisms and dispute resolution provisions, as these two elements are central to the legal regime of public international contracts. An attempt will be made to present both the generalprinciples and the current practice of States – even though it is difficult to draw general lessons as contracts concluded by states, which come in various formats and shapes, are not easily accessible. [less ▲]

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See detail"En tant que herméneutique" et "en tant que apophantique". La lecture herméneutique du logos de 1925-1926
Gauvry, Charlotte ULg

in Keiling, Tobias (Ed.) Heideggers Marburger Zeit. Themen, Argumente, Konstellationen (2013)

Dans les cours de Fribourg de 1919-1923, à l’encontre du néokantisme de Rickert et de la phénoménologie husserlienne, Heidegger s’inscrit dans le sillon des recherches de Dilthey pour interroger le mode ... [more ▼]

Dans les cours de Fribourg de 1919-1923, à l’encontre du néokantisme de Rickert et de la phénoménologie husserlienne, Heidegger s’inscrit dans le sillon des recherches de Dilthey pour interroger le mode de donation de la vie. Dès le Kriegsnotsemester de 1919, il soutient que, dans le monde préthéorique de la vie, « il y a » (es gibt) toujours déjà des catégories significatives que l’on ne peut certes pas déduire mais que l’on peut indiquer. Cette significativité (Bedeutsamkeit) du monde de la vie est pré-théorique et pré-discursive. L’article examine en conséquence le rapport qu’entretient le logos (le « discours apophantique ») avec cette significativité articulée. Le paragraphe 33 de Sein und Zeit définit l’énoncé (Aussage) comme le « mode second » de l’explicitation de cette significativité. Pour préciser cette « dérivation », il s’appuie sur la distinction introduite dès 1925 entre « en tant que herméneutique » (das hermeneutische “Als”) et « en tant que apophantique » (das apophantische “Als”). C’est pour préciser cette distinction que l’article examine les ressources du cours du semestre d’été 1925, Prolegomena zur Geschichte des Zeitbegriffs, et du cours du semestre suivant de l’hiver 1925-1926, Logik. Die Frage nach der Wahrheit. [less ▲]

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See detailModeling and Prediction of Time-Varying Environmental Data Using Advanced Bayesian Methods
Mansouri, Majdi ULg; Dumont, Benjamin ULg; Destain, Marie-France ULg

in Masegosa, Antoçnio; Villacorta, Pablo; Cruz-Corona, Carlos (Eds.) et al Exploring Innovative and Successful Applications of Soft Computing (2013)

The problem of state/parameter estimation represents a key issue in crop models which are nonlinear, non-Gaussian and include a large number of parameters. The prediction errors are often important due to ... [more ▼]

The problem of state/parameter estimation represents a key issue in crop models which are nonlinear, non-Gaussian and include a large number of parameters. The prediction errors are often important due to uncertainties in the equations, the input variables, and the parameters. The measurements needed to run the model (input data), to perform calibration and validation are sometimes not numerous or known with some uncertainty. In these cases, estimating the state variables and/or parameters from easily obtained measurements can be extremely useful. In this work, we address the problem of modeling and prediction of leaf area index and soil moisture (LSM) using state estimation. The performances of various conventional and state-of-the-art state estimation techniques are compared when they are utilized to achieve this objective. These techniques include the extended Kalman filter (EKF), unscented Kalman filter (UKF), particle filter (PF), and the more recently developed technique variational Bayesian filter (VF). The objective of this work is to extend the state and parameter estimation techniques (i.e., EKF, UKF, PF and VF) to better handle nonlinear and non-Gaussian processes without a priori state information, by utilizing a time-varying assumption of statistical parameters. In this case, the state vector to be estimated at any instant is assumed to follow a Gaussian model, where the expectation and the covariance matrix are both random. The randomness of the expectation and the covariance of the state/parameter vector are assumed here to further capture the uncertainty of the state distribution. One practical choice of these distributions can be a Gaussian distribution for the expectation and a multi-dimensional Wishart distribution for the covariance matrix. The assumption of random mean and random covariance of the state leads to a probability distribution covering a wide range of tail behaviors, which allows discrete jumps in the state variables. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence de la plante nourricière sur différents paramètres du développement larvaire du ver à soie, Borocera cajani : un cas d’étude sur plants de tapia et de voafotsy
Wilmet, Leslie ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Verheggen, François ULg

in Verheggen, François; Bogaert, Jan; Haubruge, Eric (Eds.) Les vers à soie malgaches : Enjeux écologiques et socio-économiques (2013)

Many plant and animal species are endemic in Madagascar. Among them, the silk moth Borocera cajani, commonly named landibe, and which belongs to the Lasiocampidae family. It is a pholyphageous insect ... [more ▼]

Many plant and animal species are endemic in Madagascar. Among them, the silk moth Borocera cajani, commonly named landibe, and which belongs to the Lasiocampidae family. It is a pholyphageous insect, with five larval stages followed by a complete metamorphosis in the pupal stage to turn into an adult; a nocturnal butterfly. Landibe’s principal habitat is composed of an endemic plant species in Madagascar: tapia (Uapaca bojeri, Euphorbiaceae). For a long time, this ecosystem was disturbed and seriously threatened. Today, in the area of Arivonimamo, procedures to ensure its protection exist and the “Associations Communautaires de Base” (COBA) are in charge of their respect. Activities related to silk industry can consist in important incomes for many families in the area of Antananarivo, increasing their standard of living. This research aims at increasing our general knowledge on Borocera cajani and more especially on its larvae cycle. We studied the influence of two feeding plants; tapia and voafotsy (Aphloia theaeformis), on several parameters of larvae development cycle, and we compared wild and laboratory breeding. Preference tests have also been carried out in the laboratory. Results showed that feeding plants have influence on some of the parameters of the landibe’s cycle development. Wild and laboratory breeding comparison revealed an influence on animals’ size. Preference tests showed that larvae, which grow up on voafotsy, developed a preference for this feeding plant. Current publications and scientific knowledge on Borocera cajani are still too small. This study brings complementary and essential information on landibe, which should receive legal protection status in order to avoid its disappearance. [less ▲]

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See detailTrickle-Up in Politics
Pollet, Ignace; Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in Pollet, Ignace; Van Ongevalle, Jan (Eds.) The Drive to Global Citizenship. Motivating people - Mapping public support - Measuring effects of global education (2013)

For a domain such as development cooperation, public support and awareness raising become particularly relevant in view of converting ideas and opinions current in society into political support, and ... [more ▼]

For a domain such as development cooperation, public support and awareness raising become particularly relevant in view of converting ideas and opinions current in society into political support, and eventually into a congruent policy. In this chapter, we first describe what is meant by the term political support. This is followed by an account of our research on the issue in the Belgian political world. A key question here is to which extent political parties are concerned about development cooperation. At the end of this chapter, we briefly sum up the policy implications of the way politics are capturing public support for foreign aid. [less ▲]

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See detailComment ne pas interpréter un fragment philosophique : le dialogue avec Protagoras dans le Théétète de Platon
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in El Murr, Dimitri (Ed.) La Mesure du savoir. Études sur le "Théétète" de Platon (2013)

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See detailDes on-dit aux oracles. La clôture de discours xr.f en néo-égyptien.
Winand, Jean ULg

in Aufrère, Sydney; Bosson, Nathalie; Grosmann, Eitan (Eds.) Labor omnia vicit improbus. Ariel Shisha-Halevy in Honorem (2013)

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See detailNouvelles perspectives sur le droit judiciaire du Congo belge et les acteurs de la justice coloniale : la procédure d’annulation des jugements indigènes
Braillon, Charlotte ULg

in Braillon, Charlotte; Montel, Laurence; Piret, Bérengère (Eds.) et al Droit et Justice en Afrique coloniale. Traditions, productions et réformes, (2013)

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See detailElectroneuromyographie
WANG, François-Charles ULg; FOIDART, Marguerite ULg; Chantraine, Alex

in Chantraine, Alex (Ed.) Rééducation neurologique guide pratique de rééducation des affections neurologiques (2013)

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See detailInfluence de la plante hôte sur le développement larvaire de Borocera cajani (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae)
Razafimanantsoa, Tsiresy; Malaisse, François ULg; Raminosoa, Noromalala et al

in Verheggen, François; Bogaert, Jan; Haubruge, Eric (Eds.) Les vers à soie malgaches : Enjeux écologiques et socio-économiques (2013)

Borocera cajani Vinson (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) is a silk moth endemic to Madagascar that is currently used to produce silk textiles. This silk moth is polyphagous and colonizes forests situated in ... [more ▼]

Borocera cajani Vinson (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) is a silk moth endemic to Madagascar that is currently used to produce silk textiles. This silk moth is polyphagous and colonizes forests situated in the central Highlands, mainly constituted by tapia trees (Uapaca bojeri). Two host plants are commonly used by the caterpillar of this moth species: tapia and voafotsy (Aphloia theiformis). In this work we have evaluated parameters of different stages (survival rate, development duration, weight and size, fecundity, etc.) of B. cajani on both host plants. We have observed a 30% higher survival rate on U. bojeri. Larval and pupae duration were shorter on U. bojeri (64,8 ± 1,5 days) than on A. theiformis (87,4 ± 2,0 days). Cocoons were bigger when obtained from larvae fed on U. bojeri. This plant is therefore better for the development of B. cajani and should be used in intensive rearing of this silk moth. [less ▲]

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See detailLes conditions générales
Biquet, Christine ULg; Delforge, Cécile ULg; Rozenberg, Fanny ULg

in Lecocq, Pascale; Dambre, Maarten (Eds.) Chronique de Droit à l’usage des juges de paix et de police 2013 (2013)

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See detailThe Pathway to Agritourism Development: From Constraints to Opportunities
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Cawley, Mary; Bicalho, Ana Maria; Laurens, Lucette (Eds.) The Sustainability of Rural Systems: Global and Local Challenges and Opportunities (2013)

In the northwest European countryside, diversification is a common option in order to preserve a viable agricultural business, because many farmers have to restructure their activities to meet increasing ... [more ▼]

In the northwest European countryside, diversification is a common option in order to preserve a viable agricultural business, because many farmers have to restructure their activities to meet increasing pressures. Many choose a tourism business as a means of diversification. This chapter investigates the reasons for choosing farm tourism as a means of diversification, in order to examine the supply dimension of agritourism development. Some main reasons have been highlighted in the literature. Economic and financial factors like sourcing new income and employment, stability against agricultural market fluctuations or better use of farm resources, are often the first motivations to be mentioned. Also significant are social and external factors like sharing experiences, awareness of the success of other farmers, meeting people, educating the public and consumers, and personal interest as a hobby. Reasons for choosing tourism as a form of diversification may change over time, differ according to the characteristics of the farm, its development and its environment, or depend on gender. This chapter uses data from interviews conducted in agritourism accommodation premises in Wallonia and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg to explore these motivations. The research is based on a content analysis aimed at a graphical representation of motivations using an adapted actantian model: a multi-scale analysis is used identifying the factors that support and constrain such motivations. The primary motivation stresses the response to a market opportunity; the potential to assign unused farm buildings to new purposes was also observed. Moreover it is shown that entrepreneurship and opportunities become as important as development based on survival of the farm. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Cold-Active M1 Aminopeptidase from the Arctic Bacterium Colwellia psychrerythraea
Bauvois, Cédric; Huston, Adrienne; Feller, Georges ULg

in Rawlings, Neil D.; Salvesen, Guy S. (Eds.) Handbook of Proteolytic Enzymes (Third Ed) (2013)

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See detailKann man den Erzähler übersetzen? Überlegungen zu Joseph Roths Roman 'Das falsche Gewicht'.
Viehöver, Vera ULg

in Hoffmann, Nora; Shchyhlevska, Natalia (Eds.) Joseph Roth als Stilist. (2013)

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See detailGlauben, wissen, feuern. Wirtschaftsjournalistische Kollokationen rund ums Management
Hümmer, Christiane; Münzberg, Franziska ULg

in Große, Sybille (Ed.) Angewandte Linguistik. Zwischen Theorien, Konzepten und der Beschreibung sprachlicher Äußerungen. (FS für Gerda Haßler) (2013)

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See detailSilk moths in Madagascar: a review of the biology, uses, and challenges related to Borocera cajani (Vinson, 1863) (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae)
Razafimanantsoa, Tsiresy; Rajoelison, Gabrielle; Ramamonjisoa, Bruno et al

in Verheggen, François; Bogaert, Jan; Haubruge, Eric (Eds.) Les vers à soie malgaches : Enjeux écologiques et socio-économiques (2013)

Borocera cajani ou landibe (nom vernaculaire) est l’un des papillons séricigènes sauvages dont la soie est la plus utilisée dans le domaine textile de Madagascar. Cette espèce endémique s’observe dans ... [more ▼]

Borocera cajani ou landibe (nom vernaculaire) est l’un des papillons séricigènes sauvages dont la soie est la plus utilisée dans le domaine textile de Madagascar. Cette espèce endémique s’observe dans toute l’île, mais colonise particulièrement la forêt de Uapaca bojeri ou forêt de « tapia » des Hautes Terres centrales. La forêt fournit les aliments à B. cajani tels que les feuilles de U. bojeri. L’espèce secrète la soie quand elle entre en nymphose et construit son cocon. Borocera cajani et son habitat naturel sont menacés par les destructions de l’Homme telles que les feux de brousse, la collecte de bois de chauffage, la production de charbon de bois et la surexploitation de leurs cocons. La production de soie sauvage est en constante diminution, alors que la filière soie implique beaucoup de gens dans l’île comme les collecteurs des cocons, les fileurs, les teinturiers, les tisseurs et les artistes qui transforment la soie en habits, en accessoires et objets. Revitaliser la filière soie est un moyen de favoriser la conservation de cette ressource naturelle et de son habitat forestier. [less ▲]

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See detailUne politique publique de relance économique et ses impacts sur la transformation de l'administration publique: le Plan Marshall de la Région Wallonne comme incubateur
Brunet, Sébastien ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Vaessen, Alain ULg

in Joris, Geoffrey; Fallon, Catherine (Eds.) Formes et réformes des administrations publiques (2013)

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See detailThe solidarity economy : emancipatory action to challenge politics
Frère, Bruno ULg

in Genevey, Remy; Pachauri, Rejendra; Tubiana, Laurence (Eds.) Reducing Inequalities. (2013)

The first part of this article focuses mainly on understanding the solidarity economy, with the help of quantitative data and examples of initiatives from Europe, the Anglosphere and Asia. The second part ... [more ▼]

The first part of this article focuses mainly on understanding the solidarity economy, with the help of quantitative data and examples of initiatives from Europe, the Anglosphere and Asia. The second part deepens the analysis with regard to the observation that the solidarity economy is an alternative in which, in the words of Karl Polanyi (1985), the economy is re-embedded into politics and democracy. We note that the solidarity economy combines two fundamental dimensions: first, although the middle classes participate in the solidarity economy, it is largely initiated by and for this new disaffiliated class regardless of the country or continent; secondly its utopian outlook is that of the overthrow of capitalism (as distinct from the market) since its organizational model draws much from associationist socialism and the libertarian principles of the nineteenth century that have been described elsewhere (FRERE, 2009). However, it is precisely the failure of the associationist socialism movement, which is caught between Marxism and liberalism, that has taught us that such a model must be politically focused and organized to be effective. Finally, the last part of the article is devoted to the question of whether the solidarity economy today has the strength to assert itself as what it means to be, namely, an alternative potential model, rather than what the market and the State wants it to be: a management and accounting tool for tackling unemployment and disaffiliation. [less ▲]

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See detailQu'est-ce qu'un savoir critique ?
Leclercq, Bruno ULg

in Fallon, Catherine; Leclercq, Bruno (Eds.) Leurres de la qualité ? (2013)

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See detailImmigrant Integration and Multiculturalism in Belgium
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Taras, R (Ed.) Challenging Multiculturalism: European Models of Diversity (2013)

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See detailSocial Enterprise, Social Innovation and Alternative Economies: Insights from Fair Trade and Renewable Energy
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in Zademach, Hans-Martin; Hillebrand, Sebastian (Eds.) Alternative Economies and Spaces. New Perspectives for a Sustainable Economy (2013)

The transition towards a more sustainable economic system is increasingly seen as an urgency to respond to the social, environmental and economic challenges of our times. Mirroring this increased ... [more ▼]

The transition towards a more sustainable economic system is increasingly seen as an urgency to respond to the social, environmental and economic challenges of our times. Mirroring this increased attention, the scholarly literature on transition and transition management, “degrowth” and sustainable development (e.g., Loorbach, 2007, Boulanger, 2008) has considerably developed across a set of disciplines (sociology, geography, economics, engineering, etc.). The solutions put forth by the different literature streams vary to a large extent and rely on distinct if not opposed ideological foundations, from the radical, anti-consumerist vision of “degrowth” to the much softer and vaguer, reformist trend of “sustainable development”. Common to the different literature streams, however, is to mainly focus on two levels of analysis. First, the systemic level receives most attention when it comes to diagnoses of limitations in the extant system and exploration of what alternative – non-growth, post-transition or at least sustainable – systems or economies would look like. This focus on systems is logical given the scope of the expected (r)evolutions to undertake. It is also coherent with the main disciplines involved in this “macro-level” research effort: economics, sociology, political science, philosophy, etc. A second and subsequent level of analysis that has been considered lies at the other extreme of the continuum: the individual. Indeed, as the failures of the extant economic system have been linked to the unrealistic and ideologically oriented vision of the individual as an ever-calculating, utility-maximizing “homo oeconomicus” (Stiglitz, 2009), questions have arisen about the human behavior required to generate or at least participate in the alternative systems conceived at the macro level. Put another way, to what extent and in what sense do we need to change our individual behaviors, in terms of purchasing, working, voting, investing, moving, and acting in general, in order to liberate ourselves from the homo oeconomicus patterns and consider alternative behaviours that, put together, may contribute to alternative systems? This “micro-level” perspective has relied on work in psychology and anthropology in order to (re)discover new avenues for increased reflexivity and conscious action. Between the macro and micro perspectives lie a diversity of “meso” actors consisting of more or less formalized groups of individuals, organizations and institutions such as: public authorities (from local to global), businesses, civil society, educational institutions, etc. Much work has been undertaken on the role of these different types of “meso-actor” in the transition towards alternative economies, but in view of the author of this chapter this has been developed either in a superficial way, mentioning the different actors to engage in these processes, or using “black boxes” that suppose homogeneous sets of actors such as “companies” or “civil society actors”. In other words, although several case studies enter into the complexity of one or several of these black boxes, there is lack of clarity and depth in the study of how different types of actors, especially economic actors, may engage in and inspire societal change. In particular, little work makes the connection between how economic organizations function internally, and how they (may) act towards society (e.g., Moore et al., 2009). This chapter does not aim, of course, to fill this knowledge gap on its own. It intends to bring a modest contribution to understanding the role of meso actors and in particular economic organizations by focusing on one specific, under-researched but important actor that is social enterprise. As will be described further, social enterprises are still weakly defined and heterogeneous (Dart, 2004, Defourny and Nyssens, 2010, Huybrechts and Nicholls, 2012). Yet, they share two features that seem of particular interest in the debate mentioned here. First, they do not correspond to a neatly defined organizational category as they precisely lie at the intersection of two spheres that are commonly clearly separated and often opposed to each other: the market and the civil society. Such a “hybrid” nature offers the potential for a specific and original contribution to the debate on alternative economies and systems, insofar as hybridity is synonym for innovation and unconventional thinking, as this chapter aims to show. A second feature of social enterprises is their supposed coherence, at least theoretically, between internal functioning and external contribution. In other words, the new societal solutions that social enterprises offer through their products and services are supposed to be coherent with the solutions experimented within their very organizational structures. Despite their diversity and their obvious limitations, it is thus suggested here that examining social enterprises may offer at least two contributions to the discussion on alternative economies. First, by understanding the potential of hybridity, i.e. combination of distinct institutional patterns, to the reconfiguration of economic systems. Second, by highlighting the link between intra-organizational functioning and societal behavior, in order to show how engaging actors in building alternative economies must involve in one way or another these two dimensions. [less ▲]

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See detailLa pratique formelle de Marie Étienne : du geste à la manière
Purnelle, Gérald ULg

in Joqueviel-Bourjea (Ed.) Marie Etienne : organiser l'indicible (2013)

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