References of "Contribution to collective works"
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See detailThe recent labour unrest in China and the politics of handling collective mobilization by the Party-state
Florence, Eric ULg

in Brown, Kerry (Ed.) The EU-China Relationship: European Perspectives (2014)

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See detailPractice of enteral nutrition in VLBW and ELBW infants
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg

in Koletzko, Berthold; Poindexter, Brenda; uauy, Ricardo (Eds.) Nutritional Care of Preterm Infants - Scientific Basis and Practical Guidelines (2014)

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See detailNovel Functions of Core Cell Cycle Regulators in Neuronal Migration
Godin, Juliette ULg; Nguyen, Laurent ULg

in Cellular and Molecular Control of Neuronal Migration (2014)

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See detailLower airway function: response to exercise and training
Art, Tatiana ULg; Bayly, Warwick

in Hinchcliff, Kenneth W.; Kaneps, Andris J.; Geor, Raymont J. (Eds.) Equine Sports Medicine and Surgery. Basic and clinical Sciences of the Equine Athlete. 2d Edition (2014)

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See detailAutomated Defect Detection Algorithm Applied to Shearography in Composites
Vandenrijt, Jean-François ULg; Georges, Marc ULg

in Osten, Wolfgang (Ed.) Fringe 2013 (2014)

The aeronautic industry is progressively introducing composite material in its products. Nowadays the fabrication begins to be mature, but huge efforts remains to be done on the experimental validation of ... [more ▼]

The aeronautic industry is progressively introducing composite material in its products. Nowadays the fabrication begins to be mature, but huge efforts remains to be done on the experimental validation of these materials. More specifically, these composite materials introduce new type of defects (such as delamination, glue defects…) which need to be detected during the fabrication and maintenance to prevent failures. Moreover, the widespread use of these materials impose to the future detection instruments to be cheap, robust and easy to manipulate by non-specialists. Currently shearography is widely used for the detection of defects in the composite material. It is cheap, and relatively robust and flexible, but requires special qualification to interpret the shearograms and identify the defects. Therefore, efforts need to be carried to ease the interpretation of stereographic results for non-specialist of the technique. For this, we propose to automate the identification of defects in shearograms by the development of specific algorithms. In this paper, we present an innovative algorithm which realizes this operation. The process inspects the wrapped phase map obtained to identify high local fringe density. These potential detects are then analyzed and selected based on a set of parameter criteria such as dimensions, shape, and detection threshold. Successful results obtained on thermally solicited composite sample observed in industrial conditions are shown. We also discuss the limitations and perspective of this approach. [less ▲]

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See detailEsquisse géologique du bassin de la Basse Lesse
Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Atlas du karst wallon: bassin de la Basse Lesse (2014)

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See detailD'une rive à l'autre. La mise en récit des stéréotypes de la cécité
Havelange, Carl ULg

in Verine, Bertrand (Ed.) Dire le non-visuel. Approches multidisciplinaires des discours sur les perceptions autres que la vue (2014)

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See detailLiège à la veille de 1914: entre France et Allemagne...
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

in Maréchal, Christine; Schloss, Claudine (Eds.) 1914-1918: vivre la guerre à Liège et en Wallonie (2014)

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See detailDigital Holographic Interferometry in the Long-Wave Infrared for the Testing of Large Aspheric Space Reflectors
Vandenrijt, Jean-François ULg; Thizy, Cédric ULg; Stockman, Yvan ULg et al

in Osten, Wolfgang (Ed.) Fringe 2013 (2014)

Digital holographic (DH) interferometry has been developed in the long-wave infrared spectral range with CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays. This application has been driven by the European Space ... [more ▼]

Digital holographic (DH) interferometry has been developed in the long-wave infrared spectral range with CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays. This application has been driven by the European Space Agency’s constant need of techniques for monitoring large displacements of large structures. Here the study focuses on the case of aspheric mirrors, like parabola and ellipses. Usually they are tested through interferometric wavefront error measurements which require expensive null-lenses matching each of the reflectors considered. In the case of monitoring deformation a holographic technique can be considered where the wavefront is compared with itself at different instant. Therefore the optical can be quite simple and easily reconfigurable from one reflector to another. The advantage of using long wavelength is that large deformations can be measured at once, in addition to being more immune against environmental perturbations. Another advantage of DH at such wavelengths is that the ratio between the wavelength and the pixel size allows reconstructing objects 5 to 10 times larger than with DH in the visible. In this project we considered first the case of a 1.1 meter diameter parabola for submillimeter range observations. Such specimen shows strong specular reflectivity. We have developed several set-ups with different ways to illuminate the object and to collect rays to form the object beam: either through point source or through and extended diffuser working by reflection of the laser beam. Both possibilities have been compared in terms of fringe quality as well as measurement range. We selected the diffuser illumination for applying the set-up into a large vacuum facility for measuring the deformation of the parabola between 224 and 107 K. Results of this measurement campaign are presented. A further application has been shown by observation of off-axis ellipse. In this case interferometric testing is difficult to achieve and LWIR DHI with diffuser illumination is found quite simple to implement and gives straightforward results. [less ▲]

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See detailL'archive comme espace de re-création (II) : du recyclage d'images disqualifiées (Peter Tscherkassky, "Coming Attractions", 2010)
Belloi, Livio ULg

in Pisano, Giusy (Ed.) L'Archive-forme. Création, mémoire, histoire (2014)

Cette étude aborde la question de l'archive au travers du remploi qu'en font certains artistes contemporains, en particulier dans le domaine du cinéma expérimental. Le geste de la reprise est ici analysé ... [more ▼]

Cette étude aborde la question de l'archive au travers du remploi qu'en font certains artistes contemporains, en particulier dans le domaine du cinéma expérimental. Le geste de la reprise est ici analysé à partir de "Coming Attractions" (2010), le dernier film du cinéaste autrichien Peter Tscherkassky. [less ▲]

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See detailWool Economy in the Royal Archive of Mari during the Sakkanakku Period
Colonna d'Istria, Laurent ULg

in Breniquet, Catherine; Michel, Cécile (Eds.) WOOL ECONOMY IN THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST AND THE AEGEAN (2014)

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See detailL'entreprise comme mode de vie
Thirion, Nicolas ULg

in Autenne, Alexia; Strowel, Alain; Cassiers, Vincent (Eds.) Droit, économie, valeurs. Liber Amicorum Bernard Remiche (2014)

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See detailNeuroimaging in Disorders of Consciousness
Bodart, Olivier ULg; Charland-Verville, Vanessa ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg et al

in Filippi, M. (Ed.) Oxford Textbook of Clinical Neurology (2014)

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See detailPositron emission tomography imaging in altered states of consciousness: Coma, sleep and hypnosis
Thibaut, Aurore ULg; Chatelle, Camille ULg; Stender, Johan et al

in Dierckx, Rudi; Otte, Andreas; Vries, Erik (Eds.) et al PET and SPECT in Neurology (2014)

Positron emission tomography (PET) allows studies of cerebral metabolism and blood flow and has been widely used to investigate physiological mechanisms underlying altered states of consciousness. The aim ... [more ▼]

Positron emission tomography (PET) allows studies of cerebral metabolism and blood flow and has been widely used to investigate physiological mechanisms underlying altered states of consciousness. The aim of this chapter is to review the current literature on brain metabolism during physiological or pathological loss of consciousness including studies on disorders of consciousness arising from severe brain injury (vegetative/unresponsive or minimally conscious states), and related non-pathological conditions such as sleep and hypnotic states. Identifying brain areas specifically involved in conscious processing, these studies have contributed to our understanding of the underlying physiology of consciousness. The precuneal and cingulate cortices, for example, seem to be key areas for maintaining consciousness awareness. Other areas such as hypothalamus, amygdala or the temporo-occipital cortex seem to play a role in different states of unconsciousness such as rapid eye movement sleep and hypnosis. PET studies permit a better comprehension of the loss of consciousness, and focus the implication of specific neural areas and networks in pathologically (vegetative/unresponsive or minimally conscious states), physiologically (sleep), and hypnotically altered states of consciousness. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Role of the Iberian States on the EU-LA Interregionalism
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Söderbaum, Fredrik; Baert, Francis; Scaramagli, Tiziana (Eds.) Intersecting Inter-Regionalism. Regions, Global Governance and the EU. (2014)

La présente contribution se penche sur le rôle des Etats européens dans la construction de la stratégie de l'UE à l'égard de l'Amérique latine. Les pays ibériques et plus particulièrement l'Espagne ... [more ▼]

La présente contribution se penche sur le rôle des Etats européens dans la construction de la stratégie de l'UE à l'égard de l'Amérique latine. Les pays ibériques et plus particulièrement l'Espagne constituent les interfaces entre l'Europe communautaire et l'Amérique latine. [less ▲]

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See detailL’architecture moderne à Liège dans les années 1930
Charlier, Sébastien ULg

in Duchesne, Jean-Patrick (Ed.) L'art dégénéré selon Hitler. La vente de Lucerne, 1939 (2014)

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See detailDer theatrale „Korridor“. E.T.A. Hoffmanns Literalität der Inszenierung und ihre Medien. Vom textuellen Metadrama zur theatralen Narration
Küpper, Achim ULg

in Küpper, Achim; Ulbrecht, Siegfried (Eds.) Theatralität in Literatur, Kunst und Kultur (= Germanoslavica, num. thém. spécial 25.2) (2014)

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See detailThe leisure context. A forgotten topic of sport pedagogy
Cloes, Marc ULg

in Albuquerque, Alberto; Pinheiro, Claudia; Resende, Rui (Eds.) A Formaçao de Formadores em Educaçao Fisica e Desporto. Perspectivas Internacionais Tendëncias atuais (2014)

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See detailThe geographical societies of Brussels and Antwerp, and their focus on Africa in the period preceding the Berlin Conference (1876-1885)
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

in Van Schuylenbergh, Patricia; Lanneau, Catherine; Plasman, Pierre-Luc (Eds.) L'Afrique belge aux XIXe et XXe siècles. Nouvelles recherches et perspectives en histoire coloniale. (2014)

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See detailLes ressources énergétiques et minérales de la mer
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Deboudt, Philippe; Meur-Ferec, Catherine; Morel, Valérie (Eds.) Géographie des mers et des océans (2014)

Chapter of a book on the Geography of Seas and Oceans. Analysis of different energy and mineral resources by focusing on their diversity, their unequal spatial distribution and the tensions and risks ... [more ▼]

Chapter of a book on the Geography of Seas and Oceans. Analysis of different energy and mineral resources by focusing on their diversity, their unequal spatial distribution and the tensions and risks associated with their exploitation by individualizing four types of issues: legal and political, technological and economic, environmental and also territorial [less ▲]

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See detailLes impôts sur les revenus
Bourgeois, Marc ULg; Garroy, Sabine ULg; Pace, Xavier ULg et al

in Leleu, Yves-Henri (Ed.) Chroniques notariales (2014)

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See detailDemography
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULg

in Save Cambodia's Wildlife (Ed.) Atlas of Cambodia: Maps on Socio-Economic Development and Environment (2014)

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See detailConclusions
Dumoulin, André ULg

in Auvret-Finck, Josiane (Ed.) Vers une relance de la PSDC ? (2014)

Actes du colloque sur "Vers une relance de la Politique européenne de sécurité et de défense commune"

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See detailLa biodiversité en Wallonie, 40 ans après l'adoption de la loi sur la conservation de la nature
Born, Charles-Hubert; Dufrêne, Marc ULg; Peeters, Alain

in Born, Charles-Hubert (Ed.) Le droit de la conservation de la nature (2014)

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See detail« De la présomption et de la déclaration d’absence et de la déclaration judiciaire de décès », Commentaire des articles 1226 et 1227 du Code judiciaire
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in Procédures particulières et droit judiciaire de la famille, 3e édition, P. Moreau (coord.) (2014)

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See detailKnowledge work: organising mental health care networks in Belgium
Thunus, Sophie ULg; Cerfontaine, Gaëtan ULg; Schoenaers, Frédéric ULg

in Freeman, Richard; Sturdy, Steven (Eds.) Knowledge in policy - Embodied-Inscribed-Enacted (2014)

This chapter analyses the production of knowledge in mental health care networks during a policy process that took place in Belgium between 2007 and 2010.By drawing on a case study of the horizontal pilot ... [more ▼]

This chapter analyses the production of knowledge in mental health care networks during a policy process that took place in Belgium between 2007 and 2010.By drawing on a case study of the horizontal pilot ‘Adults: General Psychiatry’ (AGP) – the discussion of different local pilots in adult general psychiatry – this chapter sets out to investigate empirically: how practitioners embodied knowledge of the new practices; how they came to enact that knowledge in the course of cross-project discussions; and how they coped with its inscription in a proposal for structural reform. At the same time, by also drawing on Actor-Network Theory (ANT) and the sociology of translation (Callon, 1999; Latour, 2007; Freeman, 2009), the discussion shows how ANT and the phenomenology of embodied, inscribed and enacted knowledge complement each another. [less ▲]

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See detailEight years of National Health Insurance in Ghana: Evaluation of the Health financign Sub-Functions
Jousten, Alain ULg; Nsiah-Boateng, Eric

in Roscoe, Coleen (Ed.) Ghana: Social Economic and Political Issues (2014)

In 2003, Ghana introduced National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) to provide financial access to healthcare for all residents. It was implemented in 2004 in 145 districts nationwide. This study aimed to ... [more ▼]

In 2003, Ghana introduced National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) to provide financial access to healthcare for all residents. It was implemented in 2004 in 145 districts nationwide. This study aimed to evaluate the NHIS in terms of health financing sub-functions of revenue collection, risks pooling, and purchasing of health care using the Ashiedu Keteke District NHIS Office as a case study. The review and participant observation methods were employed to analyze secondary data of the NHIS. Reviews were conducted on NHIS operational documents, annual reports, and published literature. A data compilation sheet was used to collect membership, revenue and expenditure data from the AshieduKeteke District NHIS Office. Out of 158,466 members who registered over the period under study (2005-2012), about 30% were active card-bearing members. The population coverage increased consistently from 6.4% to 29.9% over the study period. Children below eighteen years of age were the most registered members (42.2%). Membership is legally mandatory and household-based. The NHIS is largely tax-funded: prepaid contributions declined from 20% to 15.4% over the study period. There was multiple fund system between 2005 and 2009; however, in 2011, a single risk pool (single fund system) was implemented to maximize risk pooling and administrative efficiency. There is comprehensive one-for-all benefit package for ensuring equity and adequate financial protection. The provider payment mechanism changed from fee-for-service in 2005 to Diagnostic Related Groupings (DRG) in 2008; although, fee-for-service is still used to pay for medications. In 2011, capitation payment was implemented for out-patient services at primary health centers. The administrative expenditure is relatively high; however, it declined from 42.1% to 13.3% over the period, 2006- 2012. The population coverage of the Ashiedu Keteke District NHIS Office is increasing with a decreasing trend in administrative expenditure. Given that more than fifty percent of the membership groups are exempted from paying contributions and the extent of prepayment is declining, large scope of government subsidies would be needed to ensure long-term financial sustainability. [less ▲]

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See detail« De l’apposition des scellés et de la levée des scellés », Commentaire des articles 1148 à 1174 du Code judiciaire
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in Procédures particulières et droit judiciaire de la famille, 3e édition, P. Moreau (coord.) (2014)

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See detail« De l’inventaire », Commentaire des articles 1175 à 1184 du Code judiciaire
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in Procédures particulières et droit judiciaire de la famille, 3e édition, P. Moreau (coord.) (2014)

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See detailWays of Being a Child in a Dispersed Family: Multi-parenthood and migratory debt between France and Mali (Soninke homeland)
Razy, Elodie ULg

in Veale, Andrea; Donà, Giorgia (Eds.) Children, migration & globalization: New Mobilities (2014)

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See detailUn poète maudit en Colombie était-il possible? Le cas de José Asunción Silva
Mogollon Zapata, Juan Manuel ULg

in Brissette, Pascal; Luneau, Marie-Pier (Eds.) Deux siècles de malédiction littéraire (2014)

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See detailQu'entend-on par paysage de qualité? Résultats d'une enquête auprès d'experts roumains et wallons
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Teleuca, Alexandra et al

in Kim, Doo-Chul; Viegas Firmino, Ana Maria; Ichikawa, Yasuo (Eds.) Globalization and New Challenges of Agricultural and Rural Systems (2014)

The European Landscape Convention stresses that “the landscape has an important public interest role in the cultural, ecological, environmental and social fields, and constitutes a resource favourable to ... [more ▼]

The European Landscape Convention stresses that “the landscape has an important public interest role in the cultural, ecological, environmental and social fields, and constitutes a resource favourable to economic activity”. Among other recommendations, signatory countries are committed to assess their landscapes, “taking into account the particular values assigned to them by the interested parties and the population concerned” (Council of Europe 2000). However, assessing landscapes out of a specific framework is not an easy task due to the multiple functions that landscapes perform. Brandt, Tress and Tress (2000) pointed five basic functions: ecological, economic, sociocultural, historical and aesthetic. Relating to these multiple functions, stakeholders may have different points of view on the quality of landscape. In a current bilateral research project funded by Wallonie Bruxelles International and the Romanian Academy, the authors exchange practices concerning landscape monitoring in high value rural landscapes. The paper presents the results of a survey among landscape experts in both countries. Forty-two landscape experts, from Wallonia and Romania, had to specify their level of agreement on fifty-two Likert items regarding landscape quality indicators. A consensus appears about an idyllic landscape characterised by a small human influence. Experts point unanimously the absence of pollution, sustainable farming, the awareness of the inhabitants about landscape, and the aesthetic value as necessary characteristics. Even if the consensus is weaker, both landscape connectivity and regional heritage seem to be other important indicators to assess landscape quality. At the opposite end, the species rarity, the hilliness, a mention in tourist guides, or the presence in the art matter little. The survey stresses also that experts’ advice differs concerning biodiversity indicators, economic potential, and the presence of modern items in the landscape. Generally, Romanian experts stress more the biocentric approach of landscape while Walloon experts may assign importance to urban or industrial landscapes. Finally, the paper suggests nine features worth to be considered when assessing landscapes. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Deuil de l'entre-deux-guerres. Sartre et la littérature engagée
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Van Beveren, Julien (Ed.) Littérature, langue et didactique. Hommages à Jean-Louis Dumortier (2014)

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See detailEn guise de conclusion : sommes-nous arrivés à organiser un débat de qualité entre partisans et analystes critiques des dispositifs qualité dans l’enseignement supérieur ?
Charlier, Jean-Emile; Croché, Sarah; Fallon, Catherine ULg et al

in Fallon, Catherine; Leclercq, Bruno (Eds.) Leurres de la qualité ? Variations internationales autour d’un thème ambigu (2014)

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See detailVerrat am 'Original'? Fälschung, Kopie und Auslöschung in Anthony Minghellas Film "The Talented Mr. Ripley"
Küpper, Achim ULg

in Brittnacher, Hans Richard (Ed.) Der Verräter (2014)

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See detailDe la vente de Lucerne à l'affaire Picasso
Bawin, Julie ULg

in Duchesne, Jean-Patrick (Ed.) L'art dégénéré selon Hitler. La vente de Lucerne, 1939 (2014)

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See detailLas astucias de la ilusión. El ”caso” Mallarmé
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Sanz Roig, Diana (Ed.) Bourdieu después de Bourdieu (2014)

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See detailEine lästige Garantie. Die belgische Neutralität in den deutschen und französischen Kriegsszenarien
Bechet, Christophe ULg; Brüll, Christoph ULg

in Angelow, Jürgen; Großmann, Johannes (Eds.) Wandel, Umbruch, Absturz (2014)

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See detailIntroduction
Dumont, Jonathan ULg; Marchandisse, Alain ULg; Bousmar, Éric et al

in Dumont, Jonathan; Marchandisse, Alain; Bousmar, Éric (Eds.) et al Le Corps du Prince (2014)

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See detail« De la renonciation à succession », Commentaire de l’article 1185 du Code judiciaire
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in Procédures particulières et droit judiciaire de la famille, 3e édition, P. Moreau (coord.) (2014)

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See detailWhat method to choose? The contribution of wear and residue studies to the identification of hafting
Rots, Veerle ULg

in Lemorini, Cristina; Nunziante Cesaro, Stella (Eds.) An integration of use-wear and residues analysis for the identification of the function of archaeological stone tools (2014)

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See detail"Personne" et "rien" dans les poèmes homériques: emplois de οὔ τις et de οὐδείς
Denizot, Camille ULg

in Denizot, Camille; Dupraz, Emmanuel (Eds.) Latin quis/qui, grec τίς/τις, parcours et fonctionnements: Etudes sur deux interrogatifs-indéfinis-relatifs (2014)

On admet souvent que l’apparition de οὐδείς dans les poèmes homériques repose sur un emploi emphatique. Pour évaluer la pertinence de cette explication, nous distinguons deux valeurs « emphatiques » qui ... [more ▼]

On admet souvent que l’apparition de οὐδείς dans les poèmes homériques repose sur un emploi emphatique. Pour évaluer la pertinence de cette explication, nous distinguons deux valeurs « emphatiques » qui ne sont pas le plus souvent clairement identifiées. L’une est la forme emphatique de la négation propositionnelle οὐ, lorsque οὐδέν est un pronom neutre à valeur adverbiale (« en rien ») : dans cet emploi, οὐδέν ne se distingue pas nettement des emplois de οὔ τι, tous deux aptes à renforcer la négation propositionnelle. L’autre emploi de οὐδείς est la forme emphatique de l’indéfini négatif οὔ τις : ici, la valeur emphatique de οὐδείς s’explique en grande partie par ses emplois quantifiants, emplois que ne connaît pas οὔ τις. [less ▲]

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See detailUn dépôt de deux poignards en silex du Grand Pressigny à « La Pièce de Prézault - La Varenne », commune de Parçay-sur-Vienne (Indre-et-Loire).
Pailler, Y.; Arquille, J.; Gardère, P. et al

in Entre archéologie et écologie, une Préhistoire de tous les milieux. Mélanges offerts à Pierre Pétrequin. (2014)

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See detailcrown rot disease of bananas
Lassois, Ludivine ULg; de Lapeyre de Bellaire

in Bautista-Banos, Silvia (Ed.) Postharvest Decay, control strategies (2014)

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See detailLuxury wine marketing
Heine, Klaus; Atwal, Glyn; Ates, Zelal ULg

in Charters; Gallo, Jérôme (Eds.) Wine Business Management (2014)

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See detailL'évaluation de la mémoire implicite
Adam, Stéphane ULg

in Seron, Xavier; Van der Linden, Martial (Eds.) Traité de neuropsychologie clinique de l'adulte (Tome 1: Evaluation) (2014)

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See detailA Schur Complement Method for DAE Systems in Power System Dynamic Simulations
Aristidou, Petros ULg; Fabozzi, Davide; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

in Erhel, Jocelyne; Gander, Martin; Halpern, Laurence (Eds.) et al Domain Decomposition Methods in Science and Engineering XXI (2014)

This paper proposes a Schur complement-based Domain Decomposition Method to accelerate the time-domain simulation of large, non-linear and stiff Differential and Algebraic Equation systems stemming from ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a Schur complement-based Domain Decomposition Method to accelerate the time-domain simulation of large, non-linear and stiff Differential and Algebraic Equation systems stemming from power system dynamic studies. The proposed algorithm employs a star-shaped decomposition scheme and exploits the locality and sparsity of the system. The simulation is accelerated by the use of quasi-Newton schemes and parallel programming techniques. The proposed algorithm is implemented using the shared-memory parallel programming model and tested on a large-scale, realistic power system model showing significant speedup. [less ▲]

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See detailMMP-Mediated Collagen Remodeling and Vessel Functions
Noël, Agnès ULg; Sounni, Nor Eddine ULg

in BRIX, K.; STOCKER, W. (Eds.) Proteases: Structure and Function, (2014)

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See detailVolcanic Soils
Delmelle, Pierre; Opfergelt, Sophie; Cornelis, Jean-Thomas ULg et al

in Sigurdsson, H.; Houghton, B.; Stix, J. (Eds.) et al Encyclopedia of Volcanoes (2014)

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See detailLa publicité de l'administration en matière environnementale
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Michiels, Valérie (Ed.) La publicité de l'administration - Vingt ans après, bilan et perspectives (2014)

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See detailSiblings in the coming out process
Haxhe, Stéphanie ULg; D'Amore, Salvatore ULg

in Pereira, H.; Costa, P. (Eds.) Coming-out for LGBT Psychology in the current international scenario (2014)

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See detailPréambule à une prise en considération de la complexité universitaire
Bachelet, Jean-François ULg

in Fallon, C;, Leclercq, B. (Ed.) Leurres de la quaité dans l'enseignement supérieur ? Variations internationales sur un thème ambigu. (2014)

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See detailLes conventions relatives à la confidentialité en arbitrage
Caprasse, Olivier ULg

in Arbitrage et confidentialité/Arbitrage en vertrouwelijkheid (2014)

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See detailSensitivity analysis of circadian entrainment in the space of phase response curves
Sacré, Pierre ULg; Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg

in Kulkarni, Vishwesh V.; Stan, Guy-Bart; Raman, Karthik (Eds.) A Systems Theoretic Approach to Systems and Synthetic Biology II: Analysis and Design of Cellular Systems (2014)

Sensitivity analysis is a classical and fundamental tool to evaluate the role of a given parameter in a given system characteristic. Because the phase response curve is a fundamental input–output ... [more ▼]

Sensitivity analysis is a classical and fundamental tool to evaluate the role of a given parameter in a given system characteristic. Because the phase response curve is a fundamental input–output characteristic of oscillators, we developed a sensitivity analysis for oscillator models in the space of phase response curves. The proposed tool can be applied to high-dimensional oscillator models without facing the curse of dimensionality obstacle associated with numerical exploration of the parameter space. Application of this tool to a state-of-the-art model of circadian rhythms suggests that it can be useful and instrumental to biological investigations. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Tournant psychologique
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg; Gyemant, Maria ULg

in Gyemant, Maria (Ed.) Psychologie et psychologisme (2014)

Par "tournant psychologique", nous entendons l’adhésion significative de plusieurs auteurs à la conviction selon laquelle les problèmes philosophiques ne peuvent pas être traités de manière satisfaisante ... [more ▼]

Par "tournant psychologique", nous entendons l’adhésion significative de plusieurs auteurs à la conviction selon laquelle les problèmes philosophiques ne peuvent pas être traités de manière satisfaisante sans les ressources de l’analyse psychologique. Nous montrons ici que ce tournant s’est effectué progressivement au XIXe siècle dans la philosophie de langue allemande, et qu'il a donné lieu à des approches incarnées par des philosophes aussi différents que Fries, Beneke, Brentano, Stumpf, Dilthey, Lipps, Wundt ou le jeune Husserl. Quelque divergentes que soient leurs positions, ces auteurs partagent généralement l’idée que philosophie et psychologie sont inséparables. Aussi pourrait-on dire que le tournant psychologique n’est rien d’autre que l’adoption d'une "thèse d’inséparabilité". De cette thèse, nous distinguons ici la thèse "psychologiste" au sens étroit ou strict, selon laquelle la vérité d'une proposition (mais aussi la beauté d'une forme, la bonté d'une action, etc.) dépend des mécanismes mentaux d'un individu ou de l'esprit humain. Notre objectif est de suggérer que le tournant psychologique n'implique pas nécessairement l'adhésion à la thèse psychologiste. [less ▲]

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See detailL'exercice du pouvoir dans les sociétés en Belgique
Caprasse, Olivier ULg; Aydogdu, Roman ULg

in Le pouvoir dans les sociétés (2014)

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See detailL'architecture l'exposition internationale de Liège en 1939
Charlier, Sébastien ULg

in Duchesne, Jean-Patrick; Micha, Edith (Eds.) L'art dégénéré dans les collections de l'ULg, Chagall, Ensor, Laurencin, Matisse, Vlaminck (2014)

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See detailThe case of Belgium
Crutzen, Nathalie ULg

in Schaltegger, Stefan; Windolph, Sara; Harms, Dorli (Eds.) et al Corporate Sustainability in International Comparison - State of Practice, Opportunities and Challenges (Forthcoming) (2014)

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See detailLa liberté dans le nouveau droit belge de l'arbitrage
Caprasse, Olivier ULg

in Liber Amicorum Johan Erauw (2014)

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See detailAmulettes coptes « jumelles » de Strasbourg : P.Strasb. K 201 et K 202
de Haro Sanchez, Magali ULg

in Boud'hors, Anne; Delattre, Alain; Louis, Catherine (Eds.) et al Coptica Argentoratensia : textes et documents. Troisième université d’été de papyrologie copte (Strasbourg, 18-25 juillet 2010) (2014)

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See detailActions possessoires
Lecocq, Pascale ULg

in Moreau, Pierre; de Leval, Georges (Eds.) Procédures particulières et droit judiciaire de la famille (2014)

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See detailLa mise en liberté avant jugement dans la pratique de la Cour pénale internationale : une rupture avec l’héritage des tribunaux ad hoc ?
Deprez, Christophe ULg

in Bernard, Diane; Scalia, Damien (Eds.) Vingt ans de justice internationale pénale (2014)

La libération du suspect ou de l’accusé en attente d’être jugé représente l’un des défis majeurs de la justice pénale internationale. L’expérience des tribunaux pénaux internationaux pour l’ex-Yougoslavie ... [more ▼]

La libération du suspect ou de l’accusé en attente d’être jugé représente l’un des défis majeurs de la justice pénale internationale. L’expérience des tribunaux pénaux internationaux pour l’ex-Yougoslavie et pour le Rwanda a fait et fait encore en la matière l’objet de vives critiques. Malgré plusieurs ajustements de leur Règlement de procédure respectif, le régime de libération au cours de la procédure n’aura jamais été convaincant et – à la lumière des droits fondamentaux de la personne mise en cause – demeure à ce jour l’une des principales faiblesses du cadre procédural de ces juridictions. En apparence, la Cour pénale internationale semble à cet égard proposer une meilleure solution. La possibilité de libérer un suspect/accusé n’est plus abandonnée au seul Règlement de procédure et de preuve, mais est soutenue par le Statut de la Cour en son article 60. Le libellé de ce dernier reflète du reste la prise en considération soigneuse des insuffisances propres aux tribunaux ad hoc, et paraît témoigner d’une nette évolution quant au niveau de protection des droits individuels pertinents. Pour autant, la qualité du système ne peut se déduire de la simple lecture du Statut. Aussi, la présente contribution propose d’examiner le régime de mise en liberté avant-jugement à travers une analyse de la pratique concrète de la Cour dans le cadre des quatre affaires qui, à ce stade, présentent les développements les plus pertinents en la matière : Lubanga, Katanga & Ngudjolo, Bemba et Gbagbo. Pour ce faire, la contribution se décline en trois sections. La première est l’occasion de retracer l’expérience des tribunaux ad hoc et d’en isoler deux faiblesses essentielles : le pouvoir discrétionnaire accordé aux juges quant à l’octroi d’une mesure de mise en liberté, et l’attribution à la défense de la charge de prouver qu’une telle mesure se justifie. La deuxième section fait succinctement le point sur le régime de libération avant-jugement devant la Cour pénale internationale, en regard des textes fondateurs de la juridiction, mais surtout à l’aune des développements jurisprudentiels essentiels issus des quatre affaires susmentionnées. Enfin, dans la troisième section, l’article revient sur les deux faiblesses isolées au sein de la pratique des tribunaux ad hoc, et tente d’en déterminer la portée dans le contexte de la Cour pénale internationale. Il y est avancé que – en dépit des mutations textuelles – la pratique de la Cour ne révèle pas d’évolution notable par rapport à l’héritage des tribunaux pénaux internationaux. Dans les faits, l’application concrète du texte réduit à de simples fictions les principes – pourtant posés par la lettre du Statut – d’absence de pouvoir discrétionnaire dans le chef des juges et d’attribution de l’onus probandi à l’accusation. [less ▲]

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See detail"Ceci n’est pas une œuvre d’art". Le procès Brancusi ou la défense de l’art moderne
Bawin, Julie ULg

in Arts et métaux, trilogie contemporaine (2014)

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See detailEffects of the Convention on trade negotiations (with Lilian Richieri Hanania)
Vlassis, Antonios ULg

in RICHIERI HANANIA, LILIAN (Ed.) Cultural diversity in international law: Effectiveness and normativity of the 2005 Convention on Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2014)

The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (CDCE) was adopted in 2005 and designed to allow States to protect and promote cultural policies. This book ... [more ▼]

The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (CDCE) was adopted in 2005 and designed to allow States to protect and promote cultural policies. This book examines the effectiveness of the CDCE and offers ways by which its implementation may be improved to better attain its objectives. The book provides insight in how the normative character of the CDCE may be strengthened through implementation and increasingly recurrent practice based on its provisions. Hailing from various fields of international law, political and social sciences, the book’s contributors work to promote discussions on the practical and legal influence of the CDCE, and to identify opportunities and recommendations for a more effective application. Part One of the book assesses the effectiveness of the CDCE in influencing other areas of international law and the work conducted by other intergovernmental organizations through the recognition of the double nature (cultural and economic) of cultural goods and services. Part Two focuses on the practice of the CDCE beyond the recognition of the specificity of cultural goods and services in international law by addressing the CDCE’s call for greater international cooperation and stronger integration of cultural concerns in development strategies at the national and regional levels. The book will be of great use and interest to academics and practitioners in law, social and political sciences, agents of governmental and international organizations, and cultural sector stakeholders. [less ▲]

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See detailIn Search of the Lost Serial
Capart, Philippe; Dejasse, Erwin ULg

in Beaty, Bart; Miller, Ann (Eds.) The French Comics Theory Reader (2014)

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See detailLe roi Albert, promoteur des sciences
Pirot, Pascal ULg

in Kesteloot, Chantal (Ed.) Albert & Elisabeth. Le film de la vie d'un couple royal. (2014)

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See detailArbitres ou parties: Qui est le maître de l'arbitrage?
Caprasse, Olivier ULg

in Liber Amicorum Georges-Albert Dal - L'avocat (2014)

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See detailLucerne, le 30 juin 1939. Des tableaux “d’art dégénéré” pour Liège
Duchesne, Jean-Patrick ULg

in Duchesne, Jean-Patrick (Ed.) L’art dégénéré selon Hitler. La vente de Lucerne, 1939 (2014)

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See detailL'acteur et le badaud. Sur deux corps de cinéma (années 1900)
Belloi, Livio ULg

in Bara, Olivier; Losco-Lena, Mireille; Pellois, Anne (Eds.) Les Héroïsmes de l'acteur au XIXe siècle (2014)

En examinant de près trois moments d'images puisés dans le cinéma des années 1900, le présent article s'interroge sur la nature des corps qui auront peuplé le premier cinéma de fiction.

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See detailDes représentations aux dénominations et des dénominations à l’histoire. Les enjeux de la glottonymie dans l’historiographie du français d’Acadie et de Louisiane
Urbain, Emilie ULg

in Arrighi, Laurence; LeBlanc, Matthieu (Eds.) La francophonie en Acadie : dynamiques sociales et langagières. Textes en hommage à Louise Péronnet (2014)

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See detailRéseau
Denis, Benoît ULg; Aron, Paul

in Dozo, Björn-Olav; Provenzano, François (Eds.) Historiographie de la littérature belge. Une anthologie (2014)

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See detailAnthropogenic effects in landscapes: Historical context and spatial pattern
Bogaert, Jan ULg; Vranken, Isabelle ULg; Andre, Marie ULg

in Hong, S.-K.; Bogaert, Jan; Min, Q. (Eds.) Biocultural Landscapes: Diversity, Functions and Values (2014)

Bio-cultural landscapes are characterized by anthropogenic pattern features, of which the measurement constitutes a key step in landscape analysis. Metrics and strategies for this measurement of ... [more ▼]

Bio-cultural landscapes are characterized by anthropogenic pattern features, of which the measurement constitutes a key step in landscape analysis. Metrics and strategies for this measurement of anthropogenic patterns and their dynamics are discussed, considering the pattern/process paradigm, the patch-corridor- matrix model and the complementarity of landscape composition and configuration as conceptual benchmarks. Historically, noticeable anthropogenic effects are accepted to have appeared in landscapes after the invention of agriculture and further trends of landscape change could be linked to the development of agriculture. Through time, a sequence of landscape dynamics with three stages is expected, in which a natural landscape matrix is initially substituted by an agricultural one; urban patch types will later on dominate the matrix as a consequence of ongoing urbanization. The importance of the development of agriculture and its productivity for the evolution of settlements, villages and cities is emphasized. Anthropogenic change of landscapes confirms the status of geographical space as a limited resource. [less ▲]

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See detailLes Changements globaux
Bretagnolle, François; Forget, Michel-Pierre; Bremond, Laurent et al

in Forget, Michel-Pierre (Ed.) Prospectives en Ecologie Tropicale (2014)

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See detailGuerre primitive, primitivisme esthétique et regard d'enfant
Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg

in Küpper, Achim; Vanden Berghe, Kristine (Eds.) Guerre et jeu (2014)

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See detailMetabolic responses to exercise and training
Votion, Dominique ULg

in Hinchcliff K.W; Kaneps A.J.; Geor R.J. (Eds.) Equine Sport Medicine and Surgery (2014)

This chapter reviews the whole-body and muscular metabolic responses and also describes the effects of training adaptation on these processes.

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See detailL'évaluation des compétences en salle de classe : régulations entre politiques et pratiques
Laveault, Dany; Dionne, Eric; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg et al

in Dierendonck, Christophe; Loarer, Even; Rey, Bernard (Eds.) L'évaluation des compétences en milieu scolaire et en milieu professionnel (2014)

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See detail« Des successions vacantes », Commentaire des articles 1228 à 1231 du Code judiciaire
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in Procédures particulières et droit judiciaire de la famille, 3e édition, P. Moreau (coord.) (2014)

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See detailLes périodes du Paléolithique supérieur
Flas, Damien ULg

in Toussaint, Michel; Pirson, Stéphane (Eds.) Le patrimoine archéologique de Wallonie. Les chasseurs-cueilleurs du Paléolithique et du Mésolithique (2014)

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See detailVom Nutzen massenhaften Laienwissens für die Erforschung von Strukturen der Alltagssprache
Elspaß, Stephan; Möller, Robert ULg

in Bühler, Rudolf; Bürkle, Rebekka; Leonhardt, Nina Kim (Eds.) Sprachkultur – Regionalkultur: Neue Felder kulturwissenschaftlicher Dialektforschung. (2014)

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See detailLa notion de discours chez Bourdieu : une politique du sujet littéraire
Provenzano, François ULg

in Bolmain, Thomas; Cormann, Grégory (Eds.) Politiques de la littérature : Bourdieu, Sartre, Foucault (2014)

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See detailRenewal of Walloon suburban neighbourhoods and perspectives for a research project on “suburban densification”.
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

in Single Family Housing Estates of the Post - War Era – a European Comparison of Opportunities and Risks. (2014)

This paper addresses the challenges and conditions of a sustainability transition of suburban areas in Wallonia (Belgium), articulated around energy efficiency in the building and in the transportation ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the challenges and conditions of a sustainability transition of suburban areas in Wallonia (Belgium), articulated around energy efficiency in the building and in the transportation sectors. Three scenarios focused on the evolution of the existing building stock are modelled and assessed (the insulation of buildings, an increase in the built density and demolition / reconstruction). Our main findings show that, beyond the traditional polarization of the debates on energy efficiency of our built environment between the “compact city” and the “sprawled city”, a new pragmatic paradigm, focused on the transition of suburban areas by “densification”, can make suburban areas evolve towards more sustainability. However, these main results focused on energy efficiency need to be studied in a larger framework to concretely operationalize a suburban sustainability transition. In this perspective, concrete prospects for a further research project on “suburban densification” are proposed. There address the opportunities for transnational cooperation as well as the proposition of potential research activities. [less ▲]

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See detail« Le contrat de mandat et la procédure civile : questions choisies »
Boularbah, Hakim ULg; Berthe, Aude ULg; Biemar, Bénédicte ULg

in Kohl, Benoît (Ed.) Le mandat dans la pratique notariale et judiciaire (2014)

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See detailOnderzoek van de private huisvestingsmarkt in België in het kader van de Diversiteitsbarometer
Loopmans, Maarten; Minon, Caroline; Perrin, Nathalie ULg et al

in Interfederaal Gelijke Kansen Centrum (Ed.) Diversiteitsbarometer Huisvesting (2014)

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See detailUne "évaluation-action" au service de l'alliance transfrontalière pour la promotion de la santé mentale
Absil, Gaëtan ULg; Govers, Patrick ULg; Vandoorne, Chantal ULg

in Fond-Harmant, Laurence (Ed.) Prévention et promotion de la santé mentale : une alliance transfrontalière innovante (2014)

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See detailSanté mentale : sortir de « l’empowerment individuel » avec les associations d’usagers
Fond-Harmant, Laurence; Absil, Gaëtan ULg; Barroche, Marie-Claude

in Fond-Harmant, Laurence (Ed.) Prévention et promotion de la santé mentale : une alliance transfrontalière innovante (2014)

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See detailA propos du travail indépendant...
Clesse, Jacques ULg

in Westrade; Gilson (Eds.) Le statut social des travailleurs indépendants (2014)

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See detailStaat und Kirche im Reich Karls des Grossen
Close, Florence ULg

in Pohl, Frank (Ed.) Karl der Grosse - Charlemagne . Orte der Macht (2014)

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See detailLa « révolution 2.0 » : démystifier le rôle d’Internet en Tunisie
Lecomte, Romain ULg

in Camau, Michel; Vairel, Frédéric (Eds.) Soulèvements et recompositions politiques dans le monde arabe (2014)

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See detailDe communautaire breuklijn België: kloof of spleetje?
Sinardet, Dave; Reuchamps, Min; Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg

in Devos, Carl (Ed.) BELGIË #2014: Een politieke geschiedenis van morgen (2014)

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See detailDomesticating Practices: The Case of Arabian Babblers
Despret, Vinciane ULg

in McHugh, Susan; Marvin, Garry (Eds.) Routledge Handbook of Human–Animal Studies (2014)

The “Arabian babblers” are observed in the Neguev desert for more than 40 years. These birds live in cooperative groups. They offer presents to feed each other, they endanger themselves by mobbing raptors ... [more ▼]

The “Arabian babblers” are observed in the Neguev desert for more than 40 years. These birds live in cooperative groups. They offer presents to feed each other, they endanger themselves by mobbing raptors or by coming to the rescue of group members. They play and they also often dance together. All these behaviors have received various and controversial interpretations in the scientific literature. Following the actual field’s work, one may observe that these interpretations are closely linked to the way scientists observe the birds, or even deal with them. Different practices not only construe but actually “produce” different birds. Roughly said, some of the observers take a “subjectivist” stance and interact with the birds, the other one takes an “objectivist” stance, and keeps distance from them. Each of these practices has different effects, on the birds, and on the theories. These birds therefore appear just at the edge of the categories of wild/domesticated/feral, their identity seeming to change accordingly to the ethologist who observes them. [less ▲]

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See detailSartre, Heidegger et les Recherches Philosophiques - Koyré, Levinas, Wahl. Eléments pour une archéologie de la philosophie française contemporaine
Cormann, Grégory ULg

in Cormann, Grégory; Feron, Olivier (Eds.) Questions anthropologique et phénoménologie. Autour du travail de Daniel Giovannangeli (2014)

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See detailInfractions fiscales et blanchiment de capitaux : retour sur les évolutions récentes
Bourgeois, Marc ULg

in Van Molle, M. (Ed.) Blanchiment de capitaux et professions juridiques (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (18 ULg)
See detailLe droit économique
Thirion, Nicolas ULg; Gol, Déborah ULg; Pasteger, David ULg

in Leleu, Yves-Henri (Ed.) Chroniques notariales (2014)

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See detailCulture development and technical and financial assistance on the basis of the Convention.
Vlassis, Antonios ULg

in RICHIERI HANANIA, LILIAN (Ed.) Cultural diversity in international law: Effectiveness and normativity of the 2005 Convention on Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2014)

The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (CDCE) was adopted in 2005 and designed to allow States to protect and promote cultural policies. This book ... [more ▼]

The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (CDCE) was adopted in 2005 and designed to allow States to protect and promote cultural policies. This book examines the effectiveness of the CDCE and offers ways by which its implementation may be improved to better attain its objectives. The book provides insight in how the normative character of the CDCE may be strengthened through implementation and increasingly recurrent practice based on its provisions. Hailing from various fields of international law, political and social sciences, the book’s contributors work to promote discussions on the practical and legal influence of the CDCE, and to identify opportunities and recommendations for a more effective application. Part One of the book assesses the effectiveness of the CDCE in influencing other areas of international law and the work conducted by other intergovernmental organizations through the recognition of the double nature (cultural and economic) of cultural goods and services. Part Two focuses on the practice of the CDCE beyond the recognition of the specificity of cultural goods and services in international law by addressing the CDCE’s call for greater international cooperation and stronger integration of cultural concerns in development strategies at the national and regional levels. The book will be of great use and interest to academics and practitioners in law, social and political sciences, agents of governmental and international organizations, and cultural sector stakeholders. [less ▲]

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See detailCommerce et opérateurs immobiliers. Un marché en voie de financiarisation
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg; Nappi-Choulet, Ingrid

in Gasnier, Arnaud; Lemarchand, Nathalie (Eds.) Le commerce dans tous ses états. Espaces marchands et enjeux de société (2014)

Short analysis of commercial real estate in its various forms with evidence of recent market financialization

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See detailL’innovation pédagogique dans le contexte de l’enseignement supérieur
Poumay, Marianne ULg

in Lameul, Genevieve; Loisy, Catherine (Eds.) La pédagogie universitaire à l'heure du numérique - Questionnement et éclairages de la recherche (2014)

Après avoir rappelé quelques-uns des défis qui se posent aujourd’hui à l’enseignement supérieur - et plus particulièrement à ses enseignants, en termes pédagogiques – et proposé une définition de l’« ... [more ▼]

Après avoir rappelé quelques-uns des défis qui se posent aujourd’hui à l’enseignement supérieur - et plus particulièrement à ses enseignants, en termes pédagogiques – et proposé une définition de l’« innovation pédagogique », ce chapitre questionne quelques grandes tendances innovantes en lien avec les technologies Internet. Ainsi, il aborde successivement les innovations que sont (1) le pilotage par l’étudiant de sa propre formation, nécessitant chez l’étudiant une exigeante autorégulation de ses apprentissages, (2) les approches « programme », impliquant souvent la construction de référentiels de compétences et des évaluations intégrées, recourant notamment aux portfolios, et (3) l’avènement des « Massive Open Online Courses » (MOOCs) et leur lot de critiques mais aussi d’ambitions, tant technologiques que pédagogiques et sociales. La conclusion interroge l’impact de ces innovations sur les métiers d’enseignant et d’étudiant. [less ▲]

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See detail¿Pudo el zapatista hablar?
Ceballos Viro, Alvaro ULg; Diestro Zorrilla, Alberto

in Vanden Berghe, Kristine (Ed.) La Revolución mexicana. Miradas desde Europa (2014)

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See detailKapitel 3: Sieb Lautentsprechungen
Lutjeharms, Madeline; Möller, Robert ULg

in Hufeisen, Britta; Marx, Nicole (Eds.) EuroComGerm - Die sieben Siebe. Germanische Sprachen lesen lernen (2014)

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See detailExplaining stakeholder involvement in social enterprise governance through resources and legitimacy
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg; Rijpens, Julie ULg

in Defourny, Jacques; Hulgard, Lars; Pestoff, Victor (Eds.) Social Enterprise and the Third Sector: Changing European Landscapes in a Comparative Perspective (2014)

In the continuity of stakeholder theory, much of the current literature on (corporate) governance and business ethics looks at how organizations involve their stakeholders at different decision-making ... [more ▼]

In the continuity of stakeholder theory, much of the current literature on (corporate) governance and business ethics looks at how organizations involve their stakeholders at different decision-making levels (Carroll 2004; Clarkson 1995; de Graaf & Herkströter 2007; Freeman & Reed 1983). According to Freeman (1984), stakeholders are ‘any group or individual who can affect or is affected by the achievement of an organization's purpose’ (148); typically: the owners, the managers, the workers, the volunteers, the financing bodies, the partners, the suppliers, the customers/beneficiaries, etc. A continuum of involvement can be highlighted, from the rather passive strategies (stakeholder information) to the more active ones (stakeholder representation). Among the latter, involvement or ‘cooptation’ of stakeholders in the governance structures such as the general assembly and the board of directors is increasingly presented as a strategy mirroring a long-term relationship between the organization and a particular stakeholder category (Mitchell et al. 1997). Traditionally, the owners are the category of stakeholders that is co-opted in the governance structures. Indeed, the power of decision is part of the property rights (Milgrom & Roberts 1992). It allows owners to ensure that the enterprise is run according to their own objectives. Thus, in for-profit enterprises, the investors are the owners and, as such, they have the right to decide. They exercise this right by their presence at the general assembly. But not all enterprises are investors-owned firms. In some enterprises, ownership is in the hand of other stakeholders, like in producer, consumer or worker cooperatives. Others, like nonprofit organizations, can even be seen as firms without owners (Hansmann 1996). This chapter raises the question of stakeholder involvement in social enterprises, which are ‘non-investor owned’ and can broadly be defined here as organizations pursuing social aims through their economic activity (Defourny 2001; Defourny & Nyssens 2006). In these organizations, the configuration of stakeholder involvement contrasts with that of for-profit businesses in at least two ways. First, social enterprises are more likely than other types of organizations to be set up through a process of collective entrepreneurship which often involves a diversity of actors who each have a ‘stake’ in the pursuit of one or several organizational missions (Defourny & Nyssens 2006; Haugh 2007; Petrella 2003). Second, social enterprises seem to have a stronger tendency to give a voice to the actors with whom they interact –i.e., to involve their beneficiaries, supporters, funders or partners within their governance structures (Campi et al. 2006; Huybrechts 2010; Münkner 2004; Rijpens 2010). They usually use legal forms that allow and encourage economic democracy by recognizing stakeholders other than investors the right to participate formally in the governance bodies. While, as suggested by Campi et al. (2006; 2012), the presence of multiple stakeholders observed in a number of social enterprises may be linked with the diverse goals pursued by these organizations, such presence –or absence– may be due to many factors which have no direct links with organizational goals. As suggested in this chapter, the organizational need for resources (in a broad sense) and the drive to conform to external expectations may be two key factors. In any case, the diversified patterns of stakeholder involvement in social enterprises confirm the need for a more comprehensive account of stakeholder involvement in these organizations. Although several attempts have been made to theorize stakeholder involvement in social enterprise governance, it is still a much under-researched topic. We believe that this research gap is due not only to the infancy stage in which social enterprise research is located, but also to a lack of connection and integration of this research within the broader study of organizations. Indeed, while new theoretical developments centered on the specific features of social enterprise are needed, these developments cannot be made independently from the knowledge built for more than a century regarding how organizations are structured and operate. This chapter aims to examine stakeholder involvement in social enterprise governance using two types of theoretical lenses each embodying a rich research tradition in organization theory. The first lens refers to strategy and examines organizations (in this case governance structures) in terms of their dependency on a set of resources. The second lens uses legitimacy arguments to explain organizational governance as a social construct located in a broader setting of social relationships. The first two sections will present each of these views and examine their contributions to understanding stakeholder involvement in the governance structures of social enterprises. Then, a comparative case study on work integration social enterprises will serve to illustrate how both research avenues can be combined so as to better grasp social enterprise governance as a complex and multi-dimensional practice. [less ▲]

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See detailLa châsse de saint Remacle, les orfèvres, l'atelier: état de la question
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in Van den Bossche, Benoît; Dierkens, Alain; Schroeder, Nicolas (Eds.) A la recherche d'un temps oublié. Histoire, art et archéologie de l'Abbaye de Stavelot-Malmedy au XIIIe siècle. Actes du colloque [...] (2014)

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