References of "Contribution to collective works"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRegional cerebral metabolic patterns demonstrate the role of anterior forebrain mesocircuit dysfunction in the severely injured brain
Fridman, Esteban A; Beattie, Bradley J; Broft, Allegra et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2014)

Although disorders of consciousness (DOCs) demonstrate widely varying clinical presentations and patterns of structural injury, global down-regulation and bilateral reductions in metabolism of the ... [more ▼]

Although disorders of consciousness (DOCs) demonstrate widely varying clinical presentations and patterns of structural injury, global down-regulation and bilateral reductions in metabolism of the thalamus and frontoparietal network are consistent findings. We test the hypothesis that global reductions of background synaptic activity in DOCs will associate with changes in the pattern of metabolic activity in the central thalamus and globus pallidus. We compared 32 [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose PETs obtained from severely brain-injured patients (BIs) and 10 normal volunteers (NVs). We defined components of the anterior forebrain mesocircuit on high-resolution T1-MRI (ventral, associative, and sensorimotor striatum; globus pallidus; central thalamus and noncentral thalamus). Metabolic profiles for BI and NV demonstrated distinct changes in the pattern of uptake: ventral and association striatum (but not sensorimotor) were significantly reduced relative to global mean uptake after BI; a relative increase in globus pallidus metabolism was evident in BI subjects who also showed a relative reduction of metabolism in the central thalamus. The reversal of globus pallidus and central thalamus profiles across BIs and NVs supports the mesocircuit hypothesis that broad functional (or anatomic) deafferentation may combine to reduce central thalamus activity and release globus pallidus activity in DOCs. In addition, BI subjects showed broad frontoparietal metabolic down-regulation consistent with prior studies supporting the link between central thalamic/pallidal metabolism and down-regulation of the frontoparietal network. Recovery of left hemisphere frontoparietal metabolic activity was further associated with command following. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 104 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhysical Education Stimulating a Healthy Lifestyle and Critical Sports Consumption in Belgium
De Martelaer, Kristine; Seghers, Jan; Cardon, Greet et al

in Chin, Ming-Kai; Edginton, Christopher (Eds.) Physical Education and Health Global Perspectives and Best Practice (2014)

In this chapter, the authors describe the situation and challenges of Physical Education (PE) in Flanders and Wallonia in order to encourage young people to adopt a healthy lifestyle and to become ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, the authors describe the situation and challenges of Physical Education (PE) in Flanders and Wallonia in order to encourage young people to adopt a healthy lifestyle and to become critical sports consumers. In school-age children, about one out of six has problems with obesity/overweight. Compared with earlier measurements there is a trend of increasing sedentary time per day and not enough physical activity (PA) to reach international norms. Girls can be definitely considered as a public at risk regarding the physical activity component of their healthy lifestyle. In recent years, the emphasis has shifted from motor- and/or physical-testing towards the development of a positive attitude towards physical activity and being socially engaged. The main concern of the course-specific final attainment levels is teaching how to deal with the current movement culture of games, sports, fitness, and daily activity. In both regions, it is expected that children are taught to transfer movement and personally-related competencies learned in PE to other contexts. Initiatives to develop and enhance links between PE and other opportunities to be physically active in the wider community are receiving more attention during the last few years, but the situation is still far from ideal. Because of the complex role of promoting a healthy lifestyle during PE and in the whole school, there is a need to educate teachers during their teacher training and lifelong education on how to provide relevant choices, satisfying the need for autonomy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDeux théories de l'analyse psychique: Wundt et Brentano
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Niveleau, Charles-Edouard (Ed.) Vers une philosophie scientifique. Le programme de Brentano (2014)

L’objectif de ce chapitre est de réévaluer succinctement les relations entre la phénoménologie et la psychologie expérimentale naissantes à partir des positions de Franz Brentano et de Wilhelm Wundt ... [more ▼]

L’objectif de ce chapitre est de réévaluer succinctement les relations entre la phénoménologie et la psychologie expérimentale naissantes à partir des positions de Franz Brentano et de Wilhelm Wundt. Contrairement à une idée reçue, je suggère, d’une part, que les programmes analytiques de Brentano et de Wundt reposent tous deux sur un procédé expérimental consistant à faire varier les parties des phénomènes psychiques étudiés. Mais je suggère aussi, d’autre part, que les théories de l’analyse psychique défendues par Wundt et Brentano diffèrent sur plusieurs points essentiels – le plus manifeste étant que l’analyse brentanienne considère les actes (et non les sensations) comme éléments ou unités psychiques de référence. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa portée politique du prophétisme. L'exemple du kimbanguisme
Melice, Anne ULg

in M'Bokolo, Elikia; Sabakinu, Kivilu (Eds.) Simon Kimbangu, le prophète de la libération de l'homme noir. Tome I (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRegional, Interregional and Global Arrangements and Multilateral Organizations
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Telò, Mario (Ed.) Globalization, Multilateralism, Europe. Towards a Better Global Governance? (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa réception par le juge d’arguments extra-juridiques
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg

in Chassagnard-Pinet, Sandrine; Lemay, Pierre; Regulski, Céline (Eds.) et al Droit, arts, sciences humaines et sociales : (dé)passer les frontières disciplinaires (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 99 (15 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa pauvreté chez les indépendants : aperçu
Van Rossem, Ronan; Foubert, Joséphine; Van Caillie, Didier ULg

in Pannecoucke, Isabelle; Lahaye, Willy; Vranken, Jan (Eds.) et al Pauvreté en Belgique - Annuaire Fédéral 2014 (2014)

This chapter is a part of the Federal Compendium 2014 "Poverty in Belgium". It deals for the first time with the problem of poverty amongst self-employed people, showing first the statistical magnitude of ... [more ▼]

This chapter is a part of the Federal Compendium 2014 "Poverty in Belgium". It deals for the first time with the problem of poverty amongst self-employed people, showing first the statistical magnitude of the problem and exploring then, from a qualitative analysis, the main causes and managerial errors leading a self-employed people to poverty. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLe renversement du monde dans le message de Simon Kimbangu
Sarró, Ramon; Melice, Anne ULg

in M'Bokolo, Elikia; Sabakinu, Kivilu (Eds.) Simon Kimbangu, le prophète de la libération de l'homme noir. Tome II (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (12 ULg)
Full Text
See detailQui est Georges Simenon?
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Baradel, Anne (Ed.) Simenon. Reporter-photographe. 1931-1935. De la Belgique à la Turquie (2014)

Présentation générale de la vie et de la carrière littéraire de Georges Simenon.

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes reliques des saints à la une : piété & dévotion, scandales, art & histoire.
George, Philippe ULg

in George, Philippe (Ed.) Reliques & reliquaires. L'émotion du sacré. Catalogue de l'exposition du Musée d'art religieux de Fourvière-Lyon (2014)

Introduction générale au Catalogue de l'expoisition (21 mars-1er juillet 2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDe la réflexion à l’action : regard croisé transfrontalier d’une démarche de santé mentale
Fond-Harmant, Laurence; Absil, Gaëtan ULg

in Fond-Harmant, Laurence; Fond-Harmant, Laurence (Eds.) Prévention et promotion de la santé mentale : une alliance transfrontalière innovante (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (19 ULg)
See detailIdentification des zones d'intérêt écologique dans les concessions d'exploitation forestière. Concilier les objectifs de production de bois d'oeuvre avec la conservation de la biodiversité.
Sépulchre, Frédéric; Federspiel, Michèle; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg

in Bühler, Arthur; Demenois, Julien; Doucet, Jean-Louis (Eds.) et al Etudes sur le plan pratique de l'aménagement des forêts naturelles de production tropicales africaines. Volet 4: Gestion durable et préconisations en vue de la certification. (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa paradoja de la literatura de la migración latinoamericana contemporánea: algunas reflexiones a partir de la obra de Juan Carlos Méndez Guédez
Berlage, Pauline ULg

in Giuliani, L; Trapassi, L.; Martos, J. (Eds.) Lejos es aquí. Far Away is Here (2014)

¿cómo definir el campo de estudio de la literatura de la migración hispanoamericana? ¿Cuál sería la validez de tal “corriente”? ¿Acaso no se podrían definir todas las producciones literarias ... [more ▼]

¿cómo definir el campo de estudio de la literatura de la migración hispanoamericana? ¿Cuál sería la validez de tal “corriente”? ¿Acaso no se podrían definir todas las producciones literarias contemporáneas como una literatura transnacional?Basándome en la obra del escritor venezolano español Juan Carlos Méndez Guédez, éstas son las preguntas y reflexiones que me he planteado en cuanto a la validez y al abanico de posibilidades que abre el concepto de literatura de la migración latinoamericana. Mi objetivo aquí es ir más allá del debate terminológico que discute la etiqueta correcta para caracterizar esta literatura y destacar algunas de las numerosas cuestiones que suscita. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (8 ULg)
See detailSuivi et gestion des populations d'essences commerciales. Protection des espèces sensibles et viabilité écologique de l'exploitation.
Sépulchre, Frédéric; Federspiel, Michèle; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg

in Bühler, Arthur; Demenois, Julien; Doucet, Jean-Louis (Eds.) et al Etudes sur le plan pratique de l'aménagement des forêts naturelles de production tropicales africaines. Volet 4: Gestion durable et préconisations en vue de la certification. (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detail"views" of the city : Lumière films as an indifferent mirror of the collective
Servais, Christine ULg

in Lopez-Varela, Asuncion (Ed.) Cityscapes: world cities and their cultural industries (2014)

When, at the very end of the 19th century the brothers Auguste and Louis Lumière began to develop their cinematograph business, the company dispatched its operators throughout the world, set up a system ... [more ▼]

When, at the very end of the 19th century the brothers Auguste and Louis Lumière began to develop their cinematograph business, the company dispatched its operators throughout the world, set up a system for producing copies of films and circulating them across the globe. Many films were named after streets, bridges, plazas, intersections, monuments, etc., and were categorised as “Views”. I distinguish here “views of” and “views on” the cities, so that we can describe the relationship between public space and geographical space. I approach this corpus via two dimensions. The first has to do with the relationship to the self that is offered to the social group through the images themselves: for the first time, public space and collective life are represented in the form of “a neutral mirror” of daily life, bearing the mark of the real. The second dimension concerns the overall setup of representation: spectators were in a sense “seeing themselves” as a group for the first time. Finally I will ask to what extent these views of/on the city and its collective life, produced in this way for public projection and mass exhibition, have changed the relationship of spectators to their own collective life space. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (7 ULg)
See detailL'article 263, alinéa 4, du traité FUE : une modification des conditions de recevabilité du recours en annulation sans (véritables) conséquences
Wildemeersch, Jonathan ULg

in Mahieu,, Stéphanie (Ed.) Contentieux de l'Union européenne, questions choisies (2014)

Avec le traité de Lisbonne, l'article 263 du traité sur le fonctionnement de l'Union européenne a été modifié et l'accessibilité des personnes physiques ou morales au contentieux de l'annulation élargie ... [more ▼]

Avec le traité de Lisbonne, l'article 263 du traité sur le fonctionnement de l'Union européenne a été modifié et l'accessibilité des personnes physiques ou morales au contentieux de l'annulation élargie. Avec sa contribution, l'auteur examine l'application concrète de ces nouvelles conditions par les juridictions de l'Union. Il propose en outre une analyse de l'interprétation choisie en la confrontant à la jurisprudence antérieure et aux critiques doctrinales. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLandesbeitrag Belgien : Wesen und Gestalt der Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit in Belgien
Behrendt, Christian ULg

in von Bogdandy, Armin; Grabenwarter, Christoph; Huber, Peter M. (Eds.) Ius Publicum Europaeum - Band VI - Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (10 ULg)
Full Text
See detailRoberto Saviano et le mythe du héros. Les critiques de Gomorra et la criminalité organisée en Italie
De Biase, Marco ULg

in Zamora, Daniel (Ed.) Cinéma et politique (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa Communauté germanophone et la Sixième Réforme de l'Etat
Behrendt, Christian ULg; Vrancken, Martin ULg

in Stangherlin, Katrin; Förster, Stephan (Eds.) La Communauté germanophone de Belgique (2006-2014) (2014)

La présente contribution tente de fournir un aperçu de l'impact que la Sixième réforme de l'Etat va avoir sur la situation institutionnelle et les compétences de la Communauté germanophone.

Detailed reference viewed: 269 (49 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa texture des aliments: de l'évaluation à la mastication
Blecker, Christophe ULg; Peyron, Marie-Agnès

in Lavelle, Christophe (Ed.) Science culinaire - Matière, procédés, dégustation (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 135 (71 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Breakthrough of Social Enterprise: Conceptual Clarifications
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Nyssens, Marthe

in Alix, Nicole; de Nanteuil, Matthieu (Eds.) For an Economy of Trust in Europe: the Contribution of the Social and Solidarity Economy (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 225 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa totalité en science et en art
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Dondero, Maria Giulia; Beyaert-Geslin, Anne (Eds.) Arts et sciences. Approches sémiotiques et philosophiques des images (2014)

Mon étude vise à explorer la notion de totalité en sciences mathématiques et en art afin d’éclaircir le rôle de la perception dans les deux domaines. J’aborderai dans un premier temps la conception de ... [more ▼]

Mon étude vise à explorer la notion de totalité en sciences mathématiques et en art afin d’éclaircir le rôle de la perception dans les deux domaines. J’aborderai dans un premier temps la conception de démonstration visuelle en réfléchissant sur les notions d’hypoicône et de diagramme selon la philosophie mathématique de C.S. Peirce, pour ensuite tester ces notions dans un autre champ, celui des oeuvres d’art (peinture, sculpture, art environnemental). Si dans l’art comme dans les mathématiques, chaque trait appartenant à une configuration visuelle participe d’une totalité et doit occuper la bonne place pour que la totalité puisse fonctionner en tant que telle, la différence est que la totalité est démontable et répétable en mathématiques tandis que dans l’art pictural elle est normalement considérée comme définitive, unique et sacralisée a priori. Dans cet article j'étudie également de formes de totalité plus complexes (sculpture et art environnemental) où la totalité est à construire a posteriori. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCronologia assoluta e cronologia relativa. L'indagine della Schola del Traiano a Ostia.
Morard, Thomas ULg; Aubry, Sébastien; Bocherens, Christophe

in L'Academia belgica di Roma e gli scavi belgi in Italia. (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLymphangiogenesis
Paupert, Jenny ULg; Noël, Agnès ULg

in MacGraw-Hill Education Year Book of Sciences and Technology 2014 (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa politique de la vérité de l'intellectuel. Entre Foucault et Sartre
Oulc'hen, Hervé ULg

in Oulc'hen, Hervé (Ed.) Usages de Foucault (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEau et changement climatique. Tendances et perceptions en Afrique de l’Ouest
Ozer, Pierre ULg; Perrin, Dominique ULg

in Ballouche, Aziz; Taïbi, Nuscia Aude (Eds.) Eau, milieux et aménagement. Une recherche au service des territoires (2014)

L’Afrique de l’Ouest, plus spécifiquement sa frange semi-aride que constitue le Sahel, a connu, au cours de ces dernières décennies, deux crises majeures de sécheresse presque contiguës dans les années ... [more ▼]

L’Afrique de l’Ouest, plus spécifiquement sa frange semi-aride que constitue le Sahel, a connu, au cours de ces dernières décennies, deux crises majeures de sécheresse presque contiguës dans les années 1970 et 1980. Cependant, depuis les années 1990, les tendances pluviométriques montrent globalement un retour vers des moyennes antérieures aux années 1970. Toutefois, cette amélioration des totaux pluviométriques annuels semble être partiellement le fait d’une intensité des pluies plus importante et il appert que la longueur de la saison des pluies évolue peu par rapport aux décennies de sécheresse. Par ailleurs, depuis la moitié du XXe siècle, la population sahélienne a plus que quadruplé et les prévisions pour 2050 avancent un facteur de croissance de l’ordre de dix. Les taux de croissance urbaine sont encore plus impressionnants et entraînent chaque jour d’importants bouleversements environnementaux. Une telle pression anthropique sur des ressources fragiles engendre un déboisement incontrôlé pour satisfaire les besoins en énergie des populations, la demande en bois d’œuvre et l’expansion agricole. En outre, le cheptel toujours plus nombreux et devant se satisfaire de parcours continuellement réduits engendre un surpâturage. Le tout provoque donc une dégradation de la couverture végétale du sol ainsi qu’une diminution globale des rendements des cultures. Dans le même temps, les études réalisées auprès de communautés locales et de décideurs en Afrique de l’Ouest montrent que la pauvre santé du cheptel, la réduction des rendements céréaliers, l’augmentation de la fréquence des inondations dans certaines villes et la dégradation des moyens d’existence sont le plus souvent attribués au changement climatique. Cet article fait le point sur les connaissances actuelles des variations pluviométriques passées et à venir ; ainsi que sur les perceptions des impacts du « changement climatique » en Afrique de l’Ouest. Ainsi, les famines récurrentes au Niger en 2005, 2009, 2011 et 2012 sont-elles dues au réchauffement climatique ? Les inondations, le plus souvent en zone urbaine, résultent-elles spécifiquement d’une augmentation des événements pluviométriques extrêmes ? Nous concluons sur une analyse des politiques nationales et internationales menées actuellement en Afrique de l’Ouest en termes d’adaptation aux impacts du changement climatique. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 412 (30 ULg)
Full Text
See detailL'évaluation de la mémoire implicite
Adam, Stéphane ULg

in Seron, Xavier; Van der Linden, Martial (Eds.) Traité de neuropsychologie clinique de l'adulte (Tome 1: Evaluation) (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUnemployment and underemployment in Rwandan rural areas
Musabanganji, Edouard ULg; Rukundo, Johnson Bosco

in Mihyo, Paschal B. (Ed.) Employment policies and unemployment in Eastern and Southern Africa (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIntroduzione
George, Philippe ULg

in Sant'Agatha. Il reliquiario a busto. Nuovi contributi interdisciplinari (2014)

Le buste-reliquaire de sainte Agathe fait l'objet d'une étude interdisciplinaire internationale commencée en 2006 et préalable à sa restauration.

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa situation des salariés belges à la veille de la Première Guerre mondiale
Geerkens, Eric ULg

in Maréchal, Christine; Schloss, Claudine (Eds.) 1914-1918. Vivre la guerre à Liège et en Wallonie (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (20 ULg)
Full Text
See detailAir-Sea Interactions of Natural Long-Lived Greenhouse Gases (CO2, N2O, CH4) in a Changing Climate
Bakker, Dorothee C. E.; Bange, Hermann W.; Gruber, Nicolas et al

in Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions of Gases and Particles (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCe que Sartre fait à la négritude. Archéologie d'un discours francodoxe
Provenzano, François ULg

in Imorou, Abdoulaye (Ed.) La littérature africaine francophone. Mesures d’une présence au monde (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe case of Belgium
Crutzen, Nathalie ULg

in Schaltegger, Stefan; Windolph, Sara; Harms, Dorli (Eds.) et al Corporate Sustainability in International Comparison - State of Practice, Opportunities and Challenges (Forthcoming) (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
See detailL'économie liégeoise sous l'occupation allemande en 1914-1918 : constats, balises et itinéraires moins connus
Peters, Arnaud ULg; Deloge, Pascal

in Maréchal, Christine; Schloss, Claudine (Eds.) 1914-1918. Vivre la guerre à Liège et en Wallonie (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (16 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes collections éditoriales et la construction nationale
Ceballos Viro, Alvaro ULg; Francois, Jeromine ULg

in Rivalan Guégo, Christine; Nicoli, Miriam (Eds.) La collection. Essor et affirmation d'un objet éditorial (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailTransfer across the air-sea interface
Garbe; Rutgersson, Anna; Boutin, Jacqueline et al

in Liss, Peter; Johnson, Martin (Eds.) Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions of Gases and Particles (2014)

The efficiency of transfer of gases and particles across the air-sea interface is controlled by several physical, biological and chemical processes in the atmosphere and water which are described here ... [more ▼]

The efficiency of transfer of gases and particles across the air-sea interface is controlled by several physical, biological and chemical processes in the atmosphere and water which are described here (including waves, large- and small-scale turbulence, bubbles, sea spray, rain and surface films). For a deeper understanding of relevant transport mechanisms, several models have been developed, ranging from conceptual models to numerical models. Most frequently the transfer is described by various functional dependencies of the wind speed, but more detailed descriptions need additional information. The study of gas transfer mechanisms uses a variety of experimental methods ranging from laboratory studies to carbon budgets, mass balance methods, micrometeorological techniques and thermographic techniques. Different methods resolve the transfer at different scales of time and space; this is important to take into account when comparing different results. Air-sea transfer is relevant in a wide range of applications, for example, local and regional fluxes, global models, remote sensing and computations of global inventories. The sensitivity of global models to the description of transfer velocity is limited; it is however likely that the formulations are more important when the resolution increases and other processes in models are improved. For global flux estimates using inventories or remote sensing products the accuracy of the transfer formulation as well as the accuracy of the wind field is crucial. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSeismic behavior of Thin-Bed Layered Unreinforced Clay Masonry Shear Walls Including Soundproofing Elements
Mordant, Christophe ULg; Dietz, Matt; Taylor, Colin et al

in Ilki, Alper; Fardis, Michael (Eds.) Seismic Evaluation and Rehabilitation of Structures, Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering 26 (2014)

According to the current standards, unreinforced masonry may only be used in regions of low seismicity as the material for the lateral-load resisting system. This requirement may be too safe-sided and ... [more ▼]

According to the current standards, unreinforced masonry may only be used in regions of low seismicity as the material for the lateral-load resisting system. This requirement may be too safe-sided and leading to not cost-effective solutions for moderately seismic regions. This chapter presents overview of experimental results from shake table tests on unreinforced masonry shear walls carried out in the EQUALS Laboratory of Bristol University, in order to assess, and possibly enhance, the current seismic design rules. The study also includes as additional parameter the presence of soundproofing devices required in buildings with numerous dwellings, in order to achieve the acoustic isolation recommended by recent standards. In practice the required level of acoustic isolation is obtained by locating horizontal rubber layers in the wall. These layers are likely to influence significantly the dynamic response of the wall and hence of the whole structure under seismic actions. Tests are performed on walls realized with masonry units and construction methods typical of North-Western Europe. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (7 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailActualité du transcendantal en physique
Bouquiaux, Laurence ULg

in Questions anthropologiques et phénoménologiques. Autour du travail de Daniel Giovannangeli (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCrowdsourced Monitoring, Citizen Empowerment and Data Credibility: The case of Observations.be
Farah, Jihad ULg

in Murgante, Beniamino; Sanjay, Misra; Rocha, Anna Maria (Eds.) et al Computational Science and its applications - ICCSA 2014 (2014)

Crowdsourcing is today a revolutionary phenomenon changing pro- foundly our ways of communicating and producing. This article is interested in two issues that are crucial to its development and impacts ... [more ▼]

Crowdsourcing is today a revolutionary phenomenon changing pro- foundly our ways of communicating and producing. This article is interested in two issues that are crucial to its development and impacts. On one hand, it in- vestigates the forms and limits of crowdsourcing-related citizen empowerment. It is less concerned by the now recognized fact that crowdsourcing is empower- ing, but rather focuses on the ways it does so and the architecture of the rela- tions between citizens, scientists and institutions in this new context. On the other, it discusses the question of credibility of data produced through crowd- sourcing. This question represents, in fact, the Achilles’ heel that destabilizes the rise of citizen power in the face of experts and institutions. In its discussion of these two issues, the article relies on a particularly interesting case study: the online platform of participatory monitoring of biodiversity in Belgium Observa- tions.be. The creation of databases is an occasion here for reflexivity, learning and mobilisation. It is also an occasion for the liberation of the lay citizen, as an individual, from the straightjackets delimiting the institutional, scientific and associative spaces where he remains a subject, a collaborator or a member – al- ways in a subordinate position. He becomes a peer producer, partner and discussant. More important, learning and action networks that develop in the platform cut transversally through the three spheres. We find unexpected and new cooperations between citizen, scientists and civil servants. Likewise, ac- tions developed through the platform, mainly reporting, counting campaigns and early alert systems attest new modes of action that transgress the functional and ontological division of the three spheres. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailHand dermometrology
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; Pierard, Sébastien ULg; Franchimont, Claudine ULg et al

in Alikhan, A.; Lachapelle, J.M.; Maibach, M.I. (Eds.) Textbook of hand eczema. (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDes haches néolithiques à l'époque romaine
Thiebaux, Aurélie ULg; Jadin, Ivan; Goemaere, Eric

in Demelenne, Marie; Docquier, Gilles (Eds.) Trésor ?/ Trésor ! Archéologie au coeur de l'Europe (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUne cloche sonnant la retraite nommée "Côparèye". Petit essai de campanonymie et de sémiologie campanaire
Boutier, Marie-Guy ULg; Bruyère, Paul

in Greub, Yan; Thibault, André (Eds.) Dialectologie et étymologie galloromane. Mélanges en l'honneur de l'éméritat de Jean-Paul Chauveau (2014)

L'article propose l'étymologie du nom de la cloche la plus fameuse de la cathédrale Saint-Lambert de Liège et jette les bases d'une campanonymie (étude des noms de cloches) d'origine délocutive (mots ... [more ▼]

L'article propose l'étymologie du nom de la cloche la plus fameuse de la cathédrale Saint-Lambert de Liège et jette les bases d'une campanonymie (étude des noms de cloches) d'origine délocutive (mots tirant leur origine d'énoncés). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (5 ULg)
See detailLes opérations militaires
Pirot, Pascal ULg

in Créer avant de mourir. Des oeuvres d'art dans les tranchées, 1914-1918. (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (5 ULg)
See detailLes MARC's
Balon, Françoise; Nyssen, Anne-Sophie ULg

in Larcier (Ed.) Les modes Alternatifs de Règlement des conflits (2014)

Les Modes Alternatifs de Règlement des Conflits

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAmulettes coptes « jumelles » de Strasbourg : P.Strasb. K 201 et K 202
de Haro Sanchez, Magali ULg

in Boud'hors, Anne; Delattre, Alain; Louis, Catherine (Eds.) et al Coptica Argentoratensia : textes et documents. Troisième université d’été de papyrologie copte (Strasbourg, 18-25 juillet 2010) (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIn silico biology of bone regeneration inside calcium phosphate scaffolds
Carlier, Aurélie ULg; Van Oosterwyck, Hans; Geris, Liesbet ULg

in Tissue Engineering: Computer Modeling, Biofabrication and Cell Behavior (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEntre répit et déréliction : Berlin clubbing
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in Zimmermann, Margarete (Ed.) Ville des émotions : Berlin dans la littérature francophone contemporaine (2014)

Inscrite dans un collectif consacré aux figurations de la ville de Berlin, cette contribution se penche sur les représentations littéraires du milieu du clubbing, du point de vue de ses croyances, de son ... [more ▼]

Inscrite dans un collectif consacré aux figurations de la ville de Berlin, cette contribution se penche sur les représentations littéraires du milieu du clubbing, du point de vue de ses croyances, de son personnel et de ses lieux à l'aune du roman 'Demain Berlin' d'Oscar Coop-Phane. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
See detailDermatophytes as Saprophytes and Pathogens
Monod, M; Mignon, Bernard ULg; Staib, P

in Sullivan, DJ; Moran, GP (Eds.) Human Pathogenic Fungi: Molecular Biology and Pathogenic Mechanisms (2014)

Dermatophytes infect the stratum corneum, nails and hair and are the most common agents of superficial mycoses in humans and animals. At present the genome of seven species has been sequenced. Between 22 ... [more ▼]

Dermatophytes infect the stratum corneum, nails and hair and are the most common agents of superficial mycoses in humans and animals. At present the genome of seven species has been sequenced. Between 22.5 and 24 Mb, the dermatophyte genomes are smaller in size than those of Coccidioides spp., Histoplasma spp. and Aspergillus spp. They are enriched for particular families of genes encoding secreted proteases, fungal specific kinases and proteins containing the LysM domain that is known to bind chitin. Different tools were recently developed to improve genetic analyses of dermatophytes, including efficient systems for targeted gene inactivation, gene silencing and broad transcriptional profiling techniques. Unexpectedly, gene expression profiles in the skin and hair of infected guinea pigs were found to be very different from those during in vitro growth using hard keratin as a substrate. Instead of the major in vitro expressed protease genes, others were found to only be activated in the skin of infected animals. In other words, the expression of putative virulence genes in dermatophytoses is more complex than previously assumed and likely depends on the site and type of infection. Further broad transcriptional profiling approaches during infections will give new insights into the pathogenic mechanisms of dermatophytes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEU Governance: Democracy as a mere Fragment of Political Discourse
Esposito, Giovanni ULg; Ferrando, Tomaso

in DYMARSKI, Wlodeck; FRANGAKIS, Marika; LEAMAN, Jeremy (Eds.) The Deepening Crisis of the European Union: The Case for Radical Change (2014)

Partie d'ouvrage -

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (18 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa loi Breyne (2ième éd.)
Kohl, Benoît ULg

in Guide de droit immobilier (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (6 ULg)
Full Text
See detailMetabolic responses to exercise and training
Votion, Dominique ULg

in Hinchcliff K.W; Kaneps A.J.; Geor R.J. (Eds.) Equine Sport Medicine and Surgery (2014)

This chapter reviews the whole-body and muscular metabolic responses and also describes the effects of training adaptation on these processes.

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe FDF dans les provinces et les entités fédérées
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

in Dujardin, Vincent; Delcorps, Vincent (Eds.) FDF. 50 ans d’engagement politique (2014)

Cette contribution analyse l’action du FDF, parti « communautaire » essentiellement bruxellois, dans les entités fédérées. Quel rôle a-t-il joué, seul ou en partenariat avec le RW puis les libéraux, à la ... [more ▼]

Cette contribution analyse l’action du FDF, parti « communautaire » essentiellement bruxellois, dans les entités fédérées. Quel rôle a-t-il joué, seul ou en partenariat avec le RW puis les libéraux, à la Communauté française ? Comment s’est articulé son combat pour une région bruxelloise et dans quelle mesure y a-t-il appliqué son programme depuis 1989 ? Quelle est l’action de son seul député au Parlement flamand ? Le FDF a-t-il réussi à dépasser son image de parti protestataire, focalisé sur les thématiques linguistiques, pour se positionner en mouvement « urbain et culturel », se définissant comme « réformateur social » ? Nous nous appuyons sur les archives du parti, ses publications internes, les sources officielles émanant des régions et communautés mais également la presse quotidienne et magazine. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailcrown rot disease of bananas
Lassois, Ludivine ULg; de Lapeyre de Bellaire

in Bautista-Banos, Silvia (Ed.) Postharvest Decay, control strategies (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (39 ULg)
Full Text
See detailTitchener contre l'intentionnalisme brentanien
Seron, Denis ULg

in Niveleau, Charles-Edouard (Ed.) Vers une philosophie scientifique: Le programme de Brentano (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExplaining stakeholder involvement in social enterprise governance through resources and legitimacy
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg; Rijpens, Julie ULg

in Defourny, Jacques; Hulgard, Lars; Pestoff, Victor (Eds.) Social Enterprise and the Third Sector: Changing European Landscapes in a Comparative Perspective (2014)

In the continuity of stakeholder theory, much of the current literature on (corporate) governance and business ethics looks at how organizations involve their stakeholders at different decision-making ... [more ▼]

In the continuity of stakeholder theory, much of the current literature on (corporate) governance and business ethics looks at how organizations involve their stakeholders at different decision-making levels (Carroll 2004; Clarkson 1995; de Graaf & Herkströter 2007; Freeman & Reed 1983). According to Freeman (1984), stakeholders are ‘any group or individual who can affect or is affected by the achievement of an organization's purpose’ (148); typically: the owners, the managers, the workers, the volunteers, the financing bodies, the partners, the suppliers, the customers/beneficiaries, etc. A continuum of involvement can be highlighted, from the rather passive strategies (stakeholder information) to the more active ones (stakeholder representation). Among the latter, involvement or ‘cooptation’ of stakeholders in the governance structures such as the general assembly and the board of directors is increasingly presented as a strategy mirroring a long-term relationship between the organization and a particular stakeholder category (Mitchell et al. 1997). Traditionally, the owners are the category of stakeholders that is co-opted in the governance structures. Indeed, the power of decision is part of the property rights (Milgrom & Roberts 1992). It allows owners to ensure that the enterprise is run according to their own objectives. Thus, in for-profit enterprises, the investors are the owners and, as such, they have the right to decide. They exercise this right by their presence at the general assembly. But not all enterprises are investors-owned firms. In some enterprises, ownership is in the hand of other stakeholders, like in producer, consumer or worker cooperatives. Others, like nonprofit organizations, can even be seen as firms without owners (Hansmann 1996). This chapter raises the question of stakeholder involvement in social enterprises, which are ‘non-investor owned’ and can broadly be defined here as organizations pursuing social aims through their economic activity (Defourny 2001; Defourny & Nyssens 2006). In these organizations, the configuration of stakeholder involvement contrasts with that of for-profit businesses in at least two ways. First, social enterprises are more likely than other types of organizations to be set up through a process of collective entrepreneurship which often involves a diversity of actors who each have a ‘stake’ in the pursuit of one or several organizational missions (Defourny & Nyssens 2006; Haugh 2007; Petrella 2003). Second, social enterprises seem to have a stronger tendency to give a voice to the actors with whom they interact –i.e., to involve their beneficiaries, supporters, funders or partners within their governance structures (Campi et al. 2006; Huybrechts 2010; Münkner 2004; Rijpens 2010). They usually use legal forms that allow and encourage economic democracy by recognizing stakeholders other than investors the right to participate formally in the governance bodies. While, as suggested by Campi et al. (2006; 2012), the presence of multiple stakeholders observed in a number of social enterprises may be linked with the diverse goals pursued by these organizations, such presence –or absence– may be due to many factors which have no direct links with organizational goals. As suggested in this chapter, the organizational need for resources (in a broad sense) and the drive to conform to external expectations may be two key factors. In any case, the diversified patterns of stakeholder involvement in social enterprises confirm the need for a more comprehensive account of stakeholder involvement in these organizations. Although several attempts have been made to theorize stakeholder involvement in social enterprise governance, it is still a much under-researched topic. We believe that this research gap is due not only to the infancy stage in which social enterprise research is located, but also to a lack of connection and integration of this research within the broader study of organizations. Indeed, while new theoretical developments centered on the specific features of social enterprise are needed, these developments cannot be made independently from the knowledge built for more than a century regarding how organizations are structured and operate. This chapter aims to examine stakeholder involvement in social enterprise governance using two types of theoretical lenses each embodying a rich research tradition in organization theory. The first lens refers to strategy and examines organizations (in this case governance structures) in terms of their dependency on a set of resources. The second lens uses legitimacy arguments to explain organizational governance as a social construct located in a broader setting of social relationships. The first two sections will present each of these views and examine their contributions to understanding stakeholder involvement in the governance structures of social enterprises. Then, a comparative case study on work integration social enterprises will serve to illustrate how both research avenues can be combined so as to better grasp social enterprise governance as a complex and multi-dimensional practice. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 776 (23 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFibromyalgie post-traumatique : mythe ou réalité ?
Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg; Maquet, Didier ULg

in Lucas, Pierre; Stehman, Michel (Eds.) Les troubles somatoformes (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAlternative ways of pricing and financing social insurance
Jousten, Alain ULg; Gillingham, Robert

in Frölich, Markus; Kaplan, David; Pagés, Carmen (Eds.) et al Social Security, Informal Sector, and Employment in Middle Income Countries: How to Protect Workers While Creating Good Jobs (2014)

Social insurance systems vary widely in terms of coverage of workers and risks, financing sources and the structure and generosity of benefits. The predominant source of financing for social insurance ... [more ▼]

Social insurance systems vary widely in terms of coverage of workers and risks, financing sources and the structure and generosity of benefits. The predominant source of financing for social insurance comes from “deductions” from payrolls. These deductions are typically categorized as either “taxes” or “contributions,” but they share the characteristics of both. Any analysis of how best to finance social insurance must thus start from an analysis of social insurance pricing: a decomposition of the insurance component (the true contribution) from the pure tax component (the true tax). Only then can an informed discussion about reforming financing mechanisms proceed. After reviewing the structure of social insurance financing and taxes in Latin America, this paper (1) discusses the problems with payroll financing of social insurance, (2) presents options for addressing these problems, (3) ties these problems to the level of informality, and (4) describes the challenges faced by policymakers in deciding how best to finance social insurance. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (8 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAlchemy and Art Technology in German Medieval and Early Modern Recipe Books
Neven, Sylvie ULg

in Dupré, Sven (Ed.) Laboratory of Art (2014)

In the Middle Ages and premodern period, artisanal knowledge was transmitted via collections of recipes often grouped concomitantly with alchemical texts and instructions. Except for some very well-known ... [more ▼]

In the Middle Ages and premodern period, artisanal knowledge was transmitted via collections of recipes often grouped concomitantly with alchemical texts and instructions. Except for some very well-known artistic treatises, such as those by Eraclius or the Schedula diversarum artium, attributed to Theophilus, detection and identification of alchemical content within recipe books has been rare and fraught with difficulty. In a broad sense, alchemy could be defined as the ‘art of transmutation’, referring to the perfection of base or impure matter (often metal or stone) into perfect substances. In this context, alchemical procedures rely on artisanal or craft practices. Thus, any overlap between alchemy and art-technological procedures can be explained by the use of various identical materials and substances. Both are concerned with the description of colours—especially in regard to processes of change, the making of pigments, the production of artificial gemstones, the imitation of gold and silver and the transmutation of materials. Both require procedures involving precise and specifically defined actions, prescriptions and ingredients. So both use identical rhetorical recipe formulations that reflect a ‘step by step’ procedure. Assuming that alchemical and artistic texts have the same textual format, raises the question: did they also have the same methods of production and reception? Using a corpus of about forty manuscripts produced in Northern Europe between the fourteenth and the sixteenth centuries, this paper investigates the authorship and the context of production behind these writings, and scrutinizes the process of their compilation and dissemination. This serves, on a variety of levels, to elucidate information about their former nature and use. Finally, this paper examines the various ways alchemical and artisanal recipes were embedded within recipe books. It also proposes some clues to help in locating, identifying and demarcating this type of alchemical writing within the literature of recipes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (11 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPerspectives pour une transition durable des territoires périurbains.
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Dubois, Jérome (Ed.) Aménager les métropoles. Les réponses des urbanistes. (2014)

L’étalement urbain monofonctionnel et peu dense de la fonction résidentielle constitue un des phénomènes les plus marquants de l’évolution de nos territoires depuis la révolution industrielle. L’étalement ... [more ▼]

L’étalement urbain monofonctionnel et peu dense de la fonction résidentielle constitue un des phénomènes les plus marquants de l’évolution de nos territoires depuis la révolution industrielle. L’étalement urbain menace, par sa rapidité et sa constance, l’équilibre environnemental, social et économique de l’Europe (European Environment Agency, 2006). Pour lutter contre l’étalement urbain, trois grands champs d’actions complémentaires peuvent être mobilisés : (1) l’amélioration de l’attractivité des quartiers centraux et l’adaptation du stock bâti hérité à de nouveaux standards de confort et d’occupation via le renouvellement urbain ; (2) la construction de nouveaux quartiers dit « durables » à proximité de nœuds de transports et de zones bien desservies en commerces et services et ; (3) la densification et le renouvellement du stock bâti périurbain. L’article traite de cette troisième thématique et aborde les conditions de la transition durable des territoires périurbains. En Wallonie (Belgique), les quartiers dit périurbains représentent, en effet, près de 50% des quartiers. Deux leviers d’action sont mobilisés dans le cadre de cette intervention: (1) la forme urbaine et (2) la mobilité. La forme urbaine d’abord, est étudiée en complémentarité de l’échelle du bâtiment individuel car les mesures apportées à l’échelle du bâtiment ne sont pas en mesure de répondre, seules, à l’ampleur des enjeux énergétiques qui touchent les territoires périurbains. La mobilité, ensuite, car l’étalement urbain est entretenu et favorisé, en grande partie par la dépendance à la voiture individuelle. Trois types de scénarios centrés sur une évolution attendue du stock bâti existant sont modélisés et évalués (la rénovation énergétique, la densification et la démolition/reconstruction) de façon à investiguer deux questions principales: « comment intervenir dans les quartiers périurbains existants? » et « où intervenir? ». Les principaux résultats de l’approche développée montrent que le renouvellement périurbain par densification des quartiers les mieux localisés permet de dépasser le clivage traditionnel entre les modèles de la « ville compacte » et de la « ville diffuse », en offrant de véritables opportunités pour la transition durable des territoires périurbains existants. Ces résultats théoriques, axés sur le seul aspect énergétique, sont ensuite recadrés dans un contexte plus large pour mettre en évidence les opportunités, les limitations, les contraintes et la faisabilité de plusieurs types de scénario. Des freins, en particulier d’ordre réglementaire et sociologique, persistent et doivent faire l’objet de recherches empiriques plus approfondies de façon à les dépasser et à permettre l’implémentation concrète et la généralisation du renouvellement périurbain sur le terrain. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (3 ULg)
See detailHuman Exposure of Bisphenol A: Review of the Urinary Biomarker Levels in the General Population
PIRARD, Catherine ULg; Charlier, Corinne ULg

in Gibert, Yann (Ed.) Bisphenol A: Sources, Risks of Environmental Exposure and Human Health Effects (2014)

Bipshenol A (2,2’-bis-[4-hydroxyphenyl]propane) involved as monomer in the manufacture of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins, is found in a wide variety of products including food packaging, baby ... [more ▼]

Bipshenol A (2,2’-bis-[4-hydroxyphenyl]propane) involved as monomer in the manufacture of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins, is found in a wide variety of products including food packaging, baby bottles, food and drink cans or containers. Because of the migration of bisphenol A from the food container to the food itself, the dietary ingestion has been estimated to be the main source for the general population. The Human exposure is increasingly studied either through the determination of dietary intake or more frequently via the measurement of urinary biomarker. This chapter is reporting results from roughly 200 publications dedicated to the bisphenol A levels found in the urine of the worldwide general population and measured within the different Human biomonitoring (HBM) studies conducted in this last decade. The exposure of children and pregnant women, both known as particularly vulnerable populations, is separately examined. The impact of the different legislations implemented in different countries to reduce children’s exposure on one hand and the different campaigns dedicated to the general public on the other hand, is not observed yet through temporal trend, likely because of the quite recent character of these actions. The advantages and the limitations of biomonitoring studies are also addressed, like the high within-person variability, the difficulties to access to reliable analytical techniques, the poor inter-study comparability, and the current need of longitudinal studies to establish links between BPA exposure and chronic diseases. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCourtly Love, Stars, and Power: The Queens in Third Century Royal Couples, through Poetry and Epigraphic Texts
Caneva, Stefano ULg

in Harder, Annette; Regtuit, Remco; Wakker, G. C. (Eds.) Hellenistic Poetry in Context. (2014)

I discuss the role of women and erōs in court poetry, by focusing on the ruling pair, i.e. the couple par excellence, and arguing that a gentle, reciprocal love within the bonds of marriage is presented ... [more ▼]

I discuss the role of women and erōs in court poetry, by focusing on the ruling pair, i.e. the couple par excellence, and arguing that a gentle, reciprocal love within the bonds of marriage is presented as a crucial value, ensuring wealth and social order as well as the continuity of the dynasty itself. Because court life is a fashionable source of models for the elite, the poetic motif of requited love also influences the ideal depiction of love outside the ruling pair. After focusing on how internal patterns of relationship between characters shape the role of the queen in Alexandrian court poetry, I turn to non-literary, epigraphic evidence, in order to show how poetic representations of royal love integrate into a wider ideological program. Although my study mainly concerns Ptolemaic ruling pairs, I discuss some epigraphic parallels from the Seleucid dynasty as well, so that some general observations can be made on early Hellenistic queenship. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (12 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe dispositif de l'autel : normes liturgiques
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in Dekoninck, Ralph; D’HAINAUT-ZVENY, Brigitte (Eds.) Machinae spirituales. Les retables baroques dans les Pays-Bas méridionaux. Contributions à une histoire formelle du sentiment religieux au XVIIe siècle (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCommerce et âges. Les jeunes et les seniors, des acteurs et des cibles privilégiés
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg; Wegnez, Léon ULg

in Gasnier, Arnaud; Lemarchand, Nathalie (Eds.) Le commerce dans tous ses états. Espaces marchands et enjeux de société (2014)

Analysis of the role of age in the purchasing behavior and inclusion of this feature by distributors with focus on young and seniors

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDe Gênes à Liège : implantation des annonciades célestes sur la Dorsale catholique
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Deregnaucourt, Gilles; Krumenacker, Yves; Martin, Philippe (Eds.) et al La Dorsale catholique - jansénisme – dévotions : XVIe-XVIIIe siècles. Mythe, réalité, actualité historiographique (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa biodiversité en Wallonie, 40 ans après l'adoption de la loi sur la conservation de la nature
Born, Charles-Hubert; Dufrêne, Marc ULg; Peeters, Alain

in Born, Charles-Hubert (Ed.) Le droit de la conservation de la nature (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNumerical simulation and Visualization of Material Flow in Friction Stir Welding via Particle Tracing
Dialami, Narges; Chiumenti, Michele; Cervera, Miguel et al

in Idelsohn, Sergio (Ed.) Numerical Simulations of Coupled Problems in Engineering (2014)

This work deals with the numerical simulation and material flow visualization of Friction Stir Welding (FSW) processes. The fourth order Runge- Kutta (RK4) integration method is used for the computation ... [more ▼]

This work deals with the numerical simulation and material flow visualization of Friction Stir Welding (FSW) processes. The fourth order Runge- Kutta (RK4) integration method is used for the computation of particle trajectories. The particle tracing method is used to study the effect of input process parameters and pin shapes on the weld quality. The results show that the proposed method is suitable for the optimization of the FSW process. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (6 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAnalyse du fonctionnement différentiel des items des versions papier et informatisée d’un test de classement en anglais, langue seconde, en présence de patrons de réponses inappropriés
Béland, Sébastien; Magis, David ULg; Raîche, Gilles

in Blais, Jean-Guy; Gilles, Jean-Luc; Tristan-Lopez (Eds.) Bienvenue au 21e siècle : Evaluation des apprentissages et technologies de l’information et de la communication (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSafety aspects related to microreaction technology
Monbaliu, Jean-Christophe ULg; Cukalovic, Ana; Stevens, Christian

in Darvas, Ferenc; Dormán, György; Hessel, Volker (Eds.) Flow Chemistry Vol 2: Applications (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (10 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Schur Complement Method for DAE Systems in Power System Dynamic Simulations
Aristidou, Petros ULg; Fabozzi, Davide; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

in Erhel, Jocelyne; Gander, Martin; Halpern, Laurence (Eds.) et al Domain Decomposition Methods in Science and Engineering XXI (2014)

This paper proposes a Schur complement-based Domain Decomposition Method to accelerate the time-domain simulation of large, non-linear and stiff Differential and Algebraic Equation systems stemming from ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a Schur complement-based Domain Decomposition Method to accelerate the time-domain simulation of large, non-linear and stiff Differential and Algebraic Equation systems stemming from power system dynamic studies. The proposed algorithm employs a star-shaped decomposition scheme and exploits the locality and sparsity of the system. The simulation is accelerated by the use of quasi-Newton schemes and parallel programming techniques. The proposed algorithm is implemented using the shared-memory parallel programming model and tested on a large-scale, realistic power system model showing significant speedup. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 177 (30 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPostglacial pioneer settlement in the Lake Sarvinki area, eastern Finland
Pesonen, Petro; Hertell, Esa; Simponen, Laija et al

in Riede, Felix; Tallavaara, Miikka (Eds.) Lateglacial and postglacial pioneers in Northern Europe (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailAutomated Defect Detection Algorithm Applied to Shearography in Composites
Vandenrijt, Jean-François ULg; Georges, Marc ULg

in Osten, Wolfgang (Ed.) Fringe 2013 (2014)

The aeronautic industry is progressively introducing composite material in its products. Nowadays the fabrication begins to be mature, but huge efforts remains to be done on the experimental validation of ... [more ▼]

The aeronautic industry is progressively introducing composite material in its products. Nowadays the fabrication begins to be mature, but huge efforts remains to be done on the experimental validation of these materials. More specifically, these composite materials introduce new type of defects (such as delamination, glue defects…) which need to be detected during the fabrication and maintenance to prevent failures. Moreover, the widespread use of these materials impose to the future detection instruments to be cheap, robust and easy to manipulate by non-specialists. Currently shearography is widely used for the detection of defects in the composite material. It is cheap, and relatively robust and flexible, but requires special qualification to interpret the shearograms and identify the defects. Therefore, efforts need to be carried to ease the interpretation of stereographic results for non-specialist of the technique. For this, we propose to automate the identification of defects in shearograms by the development of specific algorithms. In this paper, we present an innovative algorithm which realizes this operation. The process inspects the wrapped phase map obtained to identify high local fringe density. These potential detects are then analyzed and selected based on a set of parameter criteria such as dimensions, shape, and detection threshold. Successful results obtained on thermally solicited composite sample observed in industrial conditions are shown. We also discuss the limitations and perspective of this approach. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCoordination of verbal dependents in Old French: Coordination as specified juxtaposition or specified apposition
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULg

in Gerdes, Kim; Hajičova, Eva; Wanner, Leo (Eds.) Dependency Linguistics: Recent advances in linguistic theory using dependency structures (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailContribution scientifique et administrative: Cadre géologique
Mottequin, Bernard ULg; Marion, Jean-Marc ULg

in Gilles-Sépulchre, Yvette (Ed.) Sprimont, gravé dans la pierre (2014)

The main features of the geology of the town of Sprimont (province of Liège, Belgium) are presented, with particular attention to the rocks that were used in the past on its territory and that are still ... [more ▼]

The main features of the geology of the town of Sprimont (province of Liège, Belgium) are presented, with particular attention to the rocks that were used in the past on its territory and that are still exploited today. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 119 (19 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLower airway function: response to exercise and training
Art, Tatiana ULg; Bayly, Warwick

in Hinchcliff, Kenneth W.; Kaneps, Andris J.; Geor, Raymont J. (Eds.) Equine Sports Medicine and Surgery. Basic and clinical Sciences of the Equine Athlete. 2d Edition (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailSimultaneous Temperature and Deformations Measurements Using Long-Wave Infrared Speckle Interferometry: A Novel Hybrid Technique for Industrial Nondestructive Testing
Georges, Marc ULg; Vandenrijt, Jean-François ULg; Thizy, Cédric ULg et al

in Osten, Wolfgang (Ed.) Fringe 2013 (2014)

The use of long-wave infrared (LWIR) CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays in digital holographic and speckle interferometry shows interesting features for full-field displacement/deformation metrology and ... [more ▼]

The use of long-wave infrared (LWIR) CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays in digital holographic and speckle interferometry shows interesting features for full-field displacement/deformation metrology and nondestructive testing. The first one is that the long wavelength yields the measurement of larger displacements together with decreasing the sensitivity to environmental perturbations. Therefore these interferometric methods can be applied more easily in industrial field applications. Another advantage was put forward in the European project FANTOM which is presented in this paper. In addition to specklegrams, the thermal background is captured simultaneously. Therefore in displacement metrology one can correlate uniquely the temperature and displacement information at the same time and in each pixel. We describe the successful achievements of the project. Thorough understanding of optics and speckle interferometry crossed with state-of-art in thermam imaging systems allowed to study this new hybrid technique in deep and tackle some specific constraints for reaching the best performances. As a result, a mobile instrument has been developed and validated on various industrial structural testing facilities and inspection areas. It has been used in thermomechanical measurements as well as in detection of defects in aeronautical composites. In particular we show that the two parts of the signal (the thermal part on one hand and the interferograms showing the deformation on the other hand) yield complementary information. A very interesting result is that it allows increasing the probability of detecting defects, for some of them are better seen in the thermal signal, whereas others appear only through local surface deformation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (10 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLiège à la veille de 1914: entre France et Allemagne...
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

in Maréchal, Christine; Schloss, Claudine (Eds.) 1914-1918: vivre la guerre à Liège et en Wallonie (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (50 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFamilles diasporiques et arènes spirituelles. Approche ethnographique translocale: Kinshasa-Bruxelles-Liège-Kinshasa
Meiers, Bénédicte ULg

in Mazzocchetti, Jacinthe (Ed.) Migrations subsahariennes en Belgique (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPower system transient stability preventive and emergency control
Ruiz-Vega, Daniel; Wehenkel, Louis ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg et al

in Savulescu, Savu (Ed.) Real-Time Stability in Power Systems 2nd Edition (2014)

A general approach to real-time transient stability control is described, yielding various complementary techniques: pure preventive, open loop emergency, and closed loop emergency controls. Recent ... [more ▼]

A general approach to real-time transient stability control is described, yielding various complementary techniques: pure preventive, open loop emergency, and closed loop emergency controls. Recent progress in terms of a global transient stability constrained optimal power flow are presented, yielding in a scalable nonlinear programming formulation which allows to take near-optimal decisions for preventive control with a computing budget corresponding only to a few runs of standard optimal power flow and time domain simulations. These complementary techniques meet the stringent conditions imposed by the real-life applications. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDigital Holographic Interferometry in the Long-Wave Infrared for the Testing of Large Aspheric Space Reflectors
Vandenrijt, Jean-François ULg; Thizy, Cédric ULg; Stockman, Yvan ULg et al

in Osten, Wolfgang (Ed.) Fringe 2013 (2014)

Digital holographic (DH) interferometry has been developed in the long-wave infrared spectral range with CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays. This application has been driven by the European Space ... [more ▼]

Digital holographic (DH) interferometry has been developed in the long-wave infrared spectral range with CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays. This application has been driven by the European Space Agency’s constant need of techniques for monitoring large displacements of large structures. Here the study focuses on the case of aspheric mirrors, like parabola and ellipses. Usually they are tested through interferometric wavefront error measurements which require expensive null-lenses matching each of the reflectors considered. In the case of monitoring deformation a holographic technique can be considered where the wavefront is compared with itself at different instant. Therefore the optical can be quite simple and easily reconfigurable from one reflector to another. The advantage of using long wavelength is that large deformations can be measured at once, in addition to being more immune against environmental perturbations. Another advantage of DH at such wavelengths is that the ratio between the wavelength and the pixel size allows reconstructing objects 5 to 10 times larger than with DH in the visible. In this project we considered first the case of a 1.1 meter diameter parabola for submillimeter range observations. Such specimen shows strong specular reflectivity. We have developed several set-ups with different ways to illuminate the object and to collect rays to form the object beam: either through point source or through and extended diffuser working by reflection of the laser beam. Both possibilities have been compared in terms of fringe quality as well as measurement range. We selected the diffuser illumination for applying the set-up into a large vacuum facility for measuring the deformation of the parabola between 224 and 107 K. Results of this measurement campaign are presented. A further application has been shown by observation of off-axis ellipse. In this case interferometric testing is difficult to achieve and LWIR DHI with diffuser illumination is found quite simple to implement and gives straightforward results. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailEsquisse géologique du bassin de la Basse Lesse
Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Atlas du karst wallon: bassin de la Basse Lesse (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
See detailNovel Functions of Core Cell Cycle Regulators in Neuronal Migration
Godin, Juliette ULg; Nguyen, Laurent ULg

in Cellular and Molecular Control of Neuronal Migration (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'archive comme espace de re-création (II) : du recyclage d'images disqualifiées (Peter Tscherkassky, "Coming Attractions", 2010)
Belloi, Livio ULg

in Pisano, Giusy (Ed.) L'Archive-forme. Création, mémoire, histoire (2014)

Cette étude aborde la question de l'archive au travers du remploi qu'en font certains artistes contemporains, en particulier dans le domaine du cinéma expérimental. Le geste de la reprise est ici analysé ... [more ▼]

Cette étude aborde la question de l'archive au travers du remploi qu'en font certains artistes contemporains, en particulier dans le domaine du cinéma expérimental. Le geste de la reprise est ici analysé à partir de "Coming Attractions" (2010), le dernier film du cinéaste autrichien Peter Tscherkassky. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
See detailI migliori anni della nostra vita (2005). Il "leggero" lutto di Ernesto Ferrero
Curreri, Luciano ULg

in Musarra, Franco; Renard, Marie-France; Van den Bossche, Bart (Eds.) "... noto a chi cresciuto tra noi..." Da una riva all'altra. Studi di lingua e letteratura italiana per Serge Vanvolsem (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'entreprise comme mode de vie
Thirion, Nicolas ULg

in Autenne, Alexia; Strowel, Alain; Cassiers, Vincent (Eds.) Droit, économie, valeurs. Liber Amicorum Bernard Remiche (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLaïcité, neutralité, séparation des Eglises et de l’Etat : quelles frontières pour les services publics en Belgique ?
Husson, Jean-François ULg

in Cabiaux, Dominique; Wibrin, Françoise; Abedinaj, Luan (Eds.) et al Neutralité et faits religieux. Quelles interactions dans les services publics ? (2014)

La présence des signes religieux dans l’espace public, et en particulier dans et autour des services publics, est particulièrement sensible et cristallise le débat autour de la laïcité, de la neutralité ... [more ▼]

La présence des signes religieux dans l’espace public, et en particulier dans et autour des services publics, est particulièrement sensible et cristallise le débat autour de la laïcité, de la neutralité, de la séparation des Eglises et de l’Etat et de l’impartialité, pour reprendre les divers concepts régulièrement inscrits sur l’agenda politique. La présente contribution propose dans un premier temps de revenir sur les concepts généralement évoqués, parfois invoqués ou brandis, de laïcité, de séparation des Eglises et de l’Etat, de neutralité et d’impartialité (2.) puis d’aborder les postures possibles de services publics dans une société multiculturelle (3.). Les limites et la mise en œuvre de ces divers concepts sont ensuite questionnées (4.). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe leisure context. A forgotten topic of sport pedagogy
Cloes, Marc ULg

in Albuquerque, Alberto; Pinheiro, Claudia; Resende, Rui (Eds.) A Formaçao de Formadores em Educaçao Fisica e Desporto. Perspectivas Internacionais Tendëncias atuais (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffects of the Convention on trade negotiations (with Lilian Richieri Hanania)
Vlassis, Antonios ULg

in RICHIERI HANANIA, LILIAN (Ed.) Cultural diversity in international law: Effectiveness and normativity of the 2005 Convention on Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2014)

The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (CDCE) was adopted in 2005 and designed to allow States to protect and promote cultural policies. This book ... [more ▼]

The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (CDCE) was adopted in 2005 and designed to allow States to protect and promote cultural policies. This book examines the effectiveness of the CDCE and offers ways by which its implementation may be improved to better attain its objectives. The book provides insight in how the normative character of the CDCE may be strengthened through implementation and increasingly recurrent practice based on its provisions. Hailing from various fields of international law, political and social sciences, the book’s contributors work to promote discussions on the practical and legal influence of the CDCE, and to identify opportunities and recommendations for a more effective application. Part One of the book assesses the effectiveness of the CDCE in influencing other areas of international law and the work conducted by other intergovernmental organizations through the recognition of the double nature (cultural and economic) of cultural goods and services. Part Two focuses on the practice of the CDCE beyond the recognition of the specificity of cultural goods and services in international law by addressing the CDCE’s call for greater international cooperation and stronger integration of cultural concerns in development strategies at the national and regional levels. The book will be of great use and interest to academics and practitioners in law, social and political sciences, agents of governmental and international organizations, and cultural sector stakeholders. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPositron emission tomography imaging in altered states of consciousness: Coma, sleep and hypnosis
Thibaut, Aurore ULg; Chatelle, Camille ULg; Stender, Johan et al

in Dierckx, Rudi; Otte, Andreas; Vries, Erik (Eds.) et al PET and SPECT in Neurology (2014)

Positron emission tomography (PET) allows studies of cerebral metabolism and blood flow and has been widely used to investigate physiological mechanisms underlying altered states of consciousness. The aim ... [more ▼]

Positron emission tomography (PET) allows studies of cerebral metabolism and blood flow and has been widely used to investigate physiological mechanisms underlying altered states of consciousness. The aim of this chapter is to review the current literature on brain metabolism during physiological or pathological loss of consciousness including studies on disorders of consciousness arising from severe brain injury (vegetative/unresponsive or minimally conscious states), and related non-pathological conditions such as sleep and hypnotic states. Identifying brain areas specifically involved in conscious processing, these studies have contributed to our understanding of the underlying physiology of consciousness. The precuneal and cingulate cortices, for example, seem to be key areas for maintaining consciousness awareness. Other areas such as hypothalamus, amygdala or the temporo-occipital cortex seem to play a role in different states of unconsciousness such as rapid eye movement sleep and hypnosis. PET studies permit a better comprehension of the loss of consciousness, and focus the implication of specific neural areas and networks in pathologically (vegetative/unresponsive or minimally conscious states), physiologically (sleep), and hypnotically altered states of consciousness. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'exercice du pouvoir dans les sociétés en Belgique
Caprasse, Olivier ULg; Aydogdu, Roman ULg

in Le pouvoir dans les sociétés (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIn-silico models of trabecular bone: a sensitivity analysis perspective
Mengoni, Marlène ULg; Sikora, Sebastien N.F.; d'Otreppe, Vinciane et al

in Geris, Liesbet; Gomez-Cabrero, David (Eds.) Uncertainty in Biology: a computational modeling approach (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExpect the Unexpected: Avoiding Possible Pitfalls in National Arbitration Laws
Caprasse, Olivier ULg; Draye, M.

in Müller, C.; Rigozzi, A.; Besson, S. (Eds.) New Developments in International Commercial Arbitration 2014 (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDemography
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULg

in Save Cambodia's Wildlife (Ed.) Atlas of Cambodia: Maps on Socio-Economic Development and Environment (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPierres à aiguiser
Thiebaux, Aurélie ULg

in Cattelain, Laureline; Cattelain, Pierre; Nicolas, Noémie (Eds.) Vestiges gallo-romains du sud de l'Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL’architecture moderne à Liège dans les années 1930
Charlier, Sébastien ULg

in Duchesne, Jean-Patrick (Ed.) L'art dégénéré selon Hitler. La vente de Lucerne, 1939 (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailWays of Being a Child in a Dispersed Family: Multi-parenthood and migratory debt between France and Mali (Soninke homeland)
Razy, Elodie ULg

in Veale, Andrea; Donà, Giorgia (Eds.) Children, migration & globalization: New Mobilities (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailRichard Wagner – ein barocker Komponist
Hackbarth, Sabine ULg

in Börnchen, Stefan; Mein, Georg; Strowick, Elisabeth (Eds.) Jenseits von Bayreuth. Richard Wagner heute. Neue kulturwissenschaftliche Perspektiven (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailChapitre 9. Retour d'expériences : institutions internationales. Partie 9.4.: Approche opérationnelle du PIP dans le soutien des petits producteurs africains face aux standards privés
Schiffers, Bruno ULg; Stinglhamber, Guy

in Hammoudi, Abdelhakim; Grazia, Cristina; Surry, Yves (Eds.) et al Sécurité sanitaires des aliments (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa difficile émergence de la géographie du commerce
Lemarchand, Nathalie; Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg; Soumagne, Jean

in Gasnier, Arnaud; Lemarchand, Nathalie (Eds.) Le commerce dans tous ses états. Espaces marchands et enjeux de société (2014)

Short reflective history of geography Retail

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUn dépôt de deux poignards en silex du Grand Pressigny à « La Pièce de Prézault - La Varenne », commune de Parçay-sur-Vienne (Indre-et-Loire).
Pailler, Y.; Arquille, J.; Gardère, P. et al

in Entre archéologie et écologie, une Préhistoire de tous les milieux. Mélanges offerts à Pierre Pétrequin. (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)