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See detailSTRESS (EXERCISE) ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY in asymptomatic AORTIC STENOSIS
LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg; DULGHERU, Raluca Elena ULg

in ASE's comprehensive echocardiography, second edition (2016)

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See detailConclusion : Anormalité ou anomalie ?
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Follet, Valérie

in Englebert, Jérôme; Follet, Valérie (Eds.) Adaptation : Essai collectif à partir des paradigmes éthologiques et évolutionnistes (2016)

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See detailRoLE OF EXERCISE STRESS TESTING
LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg; MOONEN, Marie ULg; magne, Julien

in ASE's comprehensive echocardiography, second edition (2016)

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See detailDépasser le paradoxe évolutionniste de la schizophrénie : psychopathologie éthologique et adaptation perpétuelle
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Englebert, Jérôme; Follet, Valérie (Eds.) Adaptation : Essai collectif à partir des paradigmes éthologiques et évolutionnistes (2016)

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See detailAre there synthetic a priori propositions ? The paradigmatic case of mathematics, from Kant to Frege and Peirce
Leclercq, Bruno ULg

in Petrov, Vesselin (Ed.) Mathematics in Philosophy (2016)

Bernard Bolzano notoriously rejected Immanuel Kant’s claim that arithmetic and geometry were grounded on synthetic a priori judgements based on pure intuition. According to Bolzano, only analysis of ... [more ▼]

Bernard Bolzano notoriously rejected Immanuel Kant’s claim that arithmetic and geometry were grounded on synthetic a priori judgements based on pure intuition. According to Bolzano, only analysis of concepts could ground the generality of mathematical statements and proofs; such a stand would later lead to logicism (from Frege to Carnap). Far from going in this way, however, Charles Sanders Peirce, who was one of the fathers of formal logic but also a great admirer of Kant, provided semiotic reasons to believe that diagrams do have a general meaning and that they can provide a knowledge which is both general and “ampliative”. Unlike mere logical analysis, diagrams (the analogon of Kant’s schemas) help to explore concepts by going somehow “outside of them” in such a way that new knowledge is gained. This provides new support to Kant’s notion of intuitive construction, which is supposed to be both deductive and inventive [less ▲]

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See detailL'énonciation énoncée dans l'image
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Colas-Blaise, Marion; Tore, Gian Maria; Perrin, Laurent (Eds.) Le sens de l’énonciation (2015)

Le propos de cet article est de rendre compte des développements de la théorie de l’énonciation à la suite de la proposition d’Emile Benveniste d’étendre ce concept à la musique et à d’autres langages non ... [more ▼]

Le propos de cet article est de rendre compte des développements de la théorie de l’énonciation à la suite de la proposition d’Emile Benveniste d’étendre ce concept à la musique et à d’autres langages non verbaux. Un retour sur cette question se révèle aujourd’hui nécessaire pour plusieurs raisons. Certaines sont internes à la discipline et aux sciences du langage — la légitimité du visuel en tant que langage —, d’autres sont extra-disciplinaires, venant surtout des sciences de la communication et de la philosophie de l’art. Nous aborderons ici deux questions fondamentales concernant l’énonciation dans le visuel, étroitement liées entre elles. La première concerne la subjectivité inscrite dans l’image et sera approchée via la notion d’énonciation énoncée (personne/espace/temps). L’analyse énonciative de l’énoncé visuel vise en effet à décrire « d’où l’on voit », à savoir les points de vue à partir desquels l’image a été conçue et demande à être saisie par le regard de l’observateur. La deuxième question concerne la notion de métalangage. Comme l’a affirmé Jacques Fontanille, l’énonciation est « un métalangage "descriptif" car, en prédiquant l’énoncé, elle affiche sa propre activité, elle la code et en fait un événement sensible ou observable » (Sémiotique du discours, 2003, p. 283). Une première interrogation émerge alors : peut-on parler de métalangage dans le cadre du visuel, où il est d’ailleurs déjà difficile de repérer une véritable langue visuelle, dotée d’un alphabet de signes disjoints et d’une grammaire figée ? [less ▲]

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See detailLes figures maternelles dans le Roman en prose de Guillaume d'Orange
Henrard, Nadine ULg

in Laurent, Françoise (Ed.) Le monde entour et environ. La geste, la route et le livre (2015)

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See detailDroit d'auteur et compétence internationale : de la territorialité à la mode de la Cour de justice
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in LAMBRECHT, Maxime; Fossoul, Virginie; Delforge, Véronique (Eds.) et al 20 ans de la loi sur le droit d'auteur (2015)

Ce texte fait le point sur la jurisprudence de la Cour de justice relative au contentieux de la contrefaçon du droit d'auteur. Il s'intéresse en particulier à l'application de l'article 7(2) du Règlement ... [more ▼]

Ce texte fait le point sur la jurisprudence de la Cour de justice relative au contentieux de la contrefaçon du droit d'auteur. Il s'intéresse en particulier à l'application de l'article 7(2) du Règlement Bruxelles IIbis à ce contentieux [less ▲]

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See detailInsolvabilité européenne et procédures secondaires
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Brulard, Yves (Ed.) Règlement 2015/848 relatif aux procédures d'insolvabilité - premier commentaire (2015)

Ce texte tente d'éclairer la portée des dispositions du Règlement N° 2015/848 du 20 mai 2015 relatives aux procédures secondaires : après un bilan sommaire de l'application des dispositions du Règlement ... [more ▼]

Ce texte tente d'éclairer la portée des dispositions du Règlement N° 2015/848 du 20 mai 2015 relatives aux procédures secondaires : après un bilan sommaire de l'application des dispositions du Règlement 1346/2000 relatives aux procédures secondaires, qui s'appuie principalement sur la jurisprudence de la Cour de justice, le texte commente les principales innovations du Règlement révisé. Une attention particulière est accordée à la technique de l'engagement par laquelle le syndic de la procédure principale peut éviter l'ouverture d'une procédure secondaire. [less ▲]

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See detailLes valeurs et les valorisations des images
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Biglari, Amir; Lopes, Iva (Eds.) Valeurs. Aux fondements de la sémiotique (2015)

Cet article vise à explorer la manière dont la sémiotique greimassienne a traité la question des valeurs dans le cadre de l’image, notamment photographique et artistique. Après une relecture critique de ... [more ▼]

Cet article vise à explorer la manière dont la sémiotique greimassienne a traité la question des valeurs dans le cadre de l’image, notamment photographique et artistique. Après une relecture critique de l’ouvrage de Jean-Marie Floch, Les formes de l’empreinte, et de la distinction entre valeurs dans l’image et valorisations des images, ce travail se consacre à l’exposition de nouvelles propositions de la sémiotique des pratiques de Jacques Fontanille en essayant de les lier à des réflexions sur les objets et les pratiques de la photographie artistique (l’utilisation des séries, de l’original, des différents tirages, etc.). Si l’attention est portée surtout sur la photo artistique, ce texte envisage également une comparaison avec les pratiques de l’original et de l’authenticité dans la photo de guerre, la photo de famille et la photo-image pieuse. L’objectif majeur de ce travail est d’étudier les diverses pratiques de valorisation des images photographiques afin de faire éclater la notion ontologique de trace photographique. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction
Brioist, Pascal; Fagnart, Laure ULg; Michon, Cédric

in Brioist, Pascal; Fagnart, Laure; Michon, Cédric (Eds.) Louise de Savoie 1476-1531 (2015)

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See detailLouise de Savoie et la chambre des "Bucoliques"
Fagnart, Laure ULg

in Brioist, Pascal; Fagnart, Laure; Michon, Cédric (Eds.) Louise de Savoie 1476-1531 (2015)

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See detailBiogeographic variations in wood mice: Testing for the role of morphological variation as a line of least resistance to evolution
Renaud, Sabrina; Quere, Jean Pierre; Michaux, Johan ULg

in Cox, Philippe; Hautier, Lionel (Eds.) Cambridge Studies in Morphology and Molecules: New Paradigms in Evolutionary Biology ‘Evolution of the Rodents: Advances in Phylogeny, Paleontology and Functional Morphology’ (2015)

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See detailLes acteurs civils dans la conservation de la biodiversité au Sud du Sri Lanka : ethnographie d'une ONG environnementale locale.
Rosillon, Caroline ULg

in Beringuier, Philippe; Blot, Frédérique; Desailly, Bertrand (Eds.) et al Environnement, politiques publiques et pratiques locales (2015)

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See detailCronache d'amianto dalla colonia irpina. Una lotta operaia infinita
De Biase, Marco ULg

in Petrillo, Antonello (Ed.) Il silenzio della polvere. Capitale, verità e morte in una storia meridionale di amianto (2015)

Dal 1983 al 1988 l'Irpinia è stata teatro di una delle storie più tristi dello sviluppo industriale della regione Campania, ovvero la vicenda dell'apertura e della chiusura dello stabilimento Isochimica ... [more ▼]

Dal 1983 al 1988 l'Irpinia è stata teatro di una delle storie più tristi dello sviluppo industriale della regione Campania, ovvero la vicenda dell'apertura e della chiusura dello stabilimento Isochimica. Una fabbrica progettata per la scoibentazione dei pannelli di amianto dalle carrozze dei treni su commissione delle Ferrovie dello Stato (FS). Se da un lato la storia produttiva della fabbrica è stata molto breve, dall'altro lato l'impatto disastroso che essa ha avuto sul territorio e sulla vita di centinaia di operai è, oggi più che mai, attuale. Infatti, dopo circa 25 anni dalla chiusura della fabbrica, installata in un borgo popolare alla periferia di Avellino (Borgo Ferrovia), gli operai, per la maggior parte ammalati di patologie asbesto-correlate, sono ancora in lotta per veder riconosciuti i loro diritti dalle istituzioni competenti. Inoltre, il sito in cui era collocata l'ex fabbrica non è stato ancora bonificato e centinaia di cubi di amianto sono ancora depositati all'aria aperta in prossimità di scuole, campi di calcio e abitazioni. In questo contesto, l'installazione della fabbrica, la sua attività, la sua chiusura e il successivo occultamento delle responsabilità da parte delle autorità, hanno svelato uno scenario socio-economico e politico che ha anticipato alcune dinamiche di riproduzione del capitale apportate dalla globalizzazione economica. Infatti, l'installazione illegale della fabbrica avvenuta senza i permessi delle autorità, l'organizzazione della produzione che oscillava tra il formale, informale e illegale, le relazioni di lavoro precarie e lo sversamento abusivo di tonnellate di amianto nel territorio circostante, hanno fatto dell'Irpinia, all'inizio degli anni '80, uno dei laboratori delle dinamiche del capitalismo deregolamentato di matrice neoliberista (Harvey 2005; Sennet 2006; Portes, Sassen-Koob 1987). Allo stesso tempo, la vicenda Isochimica si inscrive profondamente nelle storiche relazioni economico-politiche tra il Nord e il Sud dell'Italia in cui le forme embrionali di economia neoliberista si sono riprodotte all'interno di relazioni di potere di natura coloniale (Saitta 2013; Mezzadra 2005; Stoler, Cooper 1997). Dunque, partendo dall'analisi di questo scenario, l'articolo punta a studiare la lotta dei lavoratori dell'ex Isochimica, dalla prima occupazione della fabbrica avvenuta nel 1985 al movimento degli ex-operai dei giorni nostri. L'obiettivo è quello di analizzare nello specifico la lotta operaia degli anni '80 per il diritto a un lavoro sicuro e duraturo, comparandola alle recenti rivendicazioni per per il diritto alla vita. Questo studio prende in considerazione 20 biografie di ex operai dell'Isochimica, focalizzando l'attenzione soltanto su alcune e analizzandole all'interno del quadro politico-economico e istituzionale che, dagli anni '80 fino a oggi, è riuscito è impedire agli operai il riconoscimento dei loro diritti. L'ipotesi dell'articolo è che la lotta degli operai dell'ex-Isochimica, all'interno del sistema di potere locale, sia da inscrivere nei mutamenti del sistema di produzione e di rappresentazione apportato dalle politiche neoliberali in cui, nel caso paradigmatico del Sud Italia, la mistura tra «passato» coloniale e «modernità» neoliberale ha generato nuove forme di subordinazione (Petrillo 2011; Saitta 2013). In questo contesto, le rivendicazioni operaie dei lavoratori dell'Isochimica negli anni '80 e quelle attuali per il diritto alla vita (riconoscimento delle patologie, assegnazione di una rendita sociale, invalidità civile, cure dignitose) sono state estromesse dal terreno del conflitto tra capitale e lavoro in un'epoca in cui la fabbrica non è più il terreno in cui si giocano le lotte per una società più giusta (Fassin, Memmi 2004; Petrillo 2009). [less ▲]

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See detailUrban Development as a Continuum: A Multinomial Logistic Regression Approach
El Saeid Mustafa, Ahmed Mohamed ULg; Cools, Mario ULg; Saadi, Ismaïl ULg et al

in Gervasi, Osvaldo; Murgante, Beniamino; Misra, Sanjay (Eds.) et al Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2015, Part III (2015)

Urban development is a complex process influenced by a number of driving forces, including spatial planning, topography and urban economics. Identifying these drivers is crucial for the regulation of ... [more ▼]

Urban development is a complex process influenced by a number of driving forces, including spatial planning, topography and urban economics. Identifying these drivers is crucial for the regulation of urban development and the calibration of predictive models. Existing land-use models generally consider urban development as a binary process, through the identification of built versus non-built areas. This study considers urban development as a continuum, characterized by different level of densities, which can be related to different driving forces. A multinomial logistic regression model was employed to investigate the effects of drivers on different urban densities during the past decade in Wallonia, Belgium. Sixteen drivers were selected from sets of driving forces including accessibility, geophysical features, policies and socioeconomic factors. It appears that urban development in Wallonia is remarkably influenced by land-use policies and accessibility. Most importantly, our results highlight that the impact of different drivers varies along with urban density. [less ▲]

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See detailAllégorie d’une termitière déshumanisée, ou "Le Retour au silence. Journal d’un homo citroënsis K.228.bis", de Stéphane Hautem
Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg; Warfa, Dominique

in Dessy, Clément; Stiénon, Valérie (Eds.) (Bé)vues du futur. Les imaginaires visuels de la dystopie (1840-1940) (2015)

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See detailThe EU and Brazil in a changing world: strategic partners or competitors?
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Smith, Michael; Keukeleire, Stephan; Vanhoonacker, Sophie (Eds.) The Diplomatic System of the European Union Evolution, Change and Challenges (2015)

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See detailLe financement des entités décentralisées dans la nouvelle Belgique fédérale
Bayenet, Benoît ULg; Husson, Jean-François ULg

in La dotation globale de fonctionnement en question, éléments d'évaluation et perspectives : contributions pour un débat d'actualité (2015)

This publication debates on the current general grant scheme to French municipalities. Our contribution brings a comparison with the Belgian schemes for financing sub-national entities (Regions ... [more ▼]

This publication debates on the current general grant scheme to French municipalities. Our contribution brings a comparison with the Belgian schemes for financing sub-national entities (Regions/Communities and local government). [less ▲]

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See detailThe Pedagogical and Political Roots of Belgian Design
Prina, Daniela ULg

in Simon Thomas, Mienke; Huygens, Frank (Eds.) Design Derby: Netherlands-Belgium (1815-2015), exh.cat. (2015)

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See detailControlled synthesis of ethylene-vinyl acetate based copolymers by organometallic mediated radical polymerization
Demarteau, Jérémy ULg; Kermagoret, Anthony ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

in Matyjaszewski, Krzysztof; Sumerlin, Brent S.; Tsarevsky, Nicolay V. (Eds.) et al Controlled Radical Polymerization: Materials (2015)

The controlled radical copolymerization of ethylene (E) and vinyl acetate (VAc) is further investigated by organometallic- mediated radical polymerization (OMRP) using Co(acac)2 as controlling agent at ... [more ▼]

The controlled radical copolymerization of ethylene (E) and vinyl acetate (VAc) is further investigated by organometallic- mediated radical polymerization (OMRP) using Co(acac)2 as controlling agent at ethylene pressure up to 100 bar. The effect of ethylene pressure on kinetics, level of control and copolymer composition, is discussed. Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate copolymers (EVAs) with low dispersities and ethylene content reaching 57 mol% are notably reported. This work also successfully addresses the precision design of EVA-containing block copolymers, i.e. PVAc-block-EVA. In this case, the order of the synthesis of the blocks is a key parameter. The “PVAc-first” strategy is by far more practical and efficient. [less ▲]

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See detailLes attitudes communautaires et le vote
Deschouwer, Kris; De Winter, Lieven; Reuchamps, Min et al

in Deschouwer, Kris; Delwit, Pascal; Hooghe, Marc (Eds.) et al Décrypter l’électeur: Le comportement électoral et les motivations de vote (2015)

Les électeurs en Belgique se sentent-ils Belges, Flamands ou Wallons ? C’est la question principale posée dans le neuvième chapitre écrit par Kris Deschouwer, Lieven de Winter, Min Reuchamps, Dave ... [more ▼]

Les électeurs en Belgique se sentent-ils Belges, Flamands ou Wallons ? C’est la question principale posée dans le neuvième chapitre écrit par Kris Deschouwer, Lieven de Winter, Min Reuchamps, Dave Sinardet et Jérémy Dodeigne. Dans leur conclusion, ils constatent que les identités flamandes et wallonnes sont moins affirmées que l’identité belge, même dans le cas d’une forte polarisation politique autour de la réforme de l’État. En mai 2014, l’enjeu de la réforme de l’État a été – comme par le passé – peu déterminant dans le comportement de vote, même si cela varie d’un électorat de parti à un autre. En Wallonie, cela n’a pas été aussi déterminant, alors qu’en Flandre trois groupes d’électeurs peuvent être discernés. Dans le premier groupe, les partisans d’une plus grande réforme de l’État et d’une plus grande autonomie se retrouvent dans l’électorat de la N-VA et du Vlaams Belang. Dans un groupe plus modéré se retrouvent les électeurs du CD&V, alors que le troisième groupe (le moins favorable à plus de réformes et plus d’autonomie) est constitué des électeurs de l’Open VLD, du sp.a, de Groen et du PvdA. [less ▲]

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See detailVitamine D et lithiases rénales : la pierre d'achoppement
CAVALIER, Etienne ULg; GADISSEUR, Romy ULg; Castiglione, Vincent ULg

in Benhamou, Claude-Laurent; Souberbielle, Jean-Claude (Eds.) La vitamine D chez l'adulte (2015)

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See detailSuétone et le bilinguisme des Julio-Claudiens
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Devillers, Olivier (Ed.) Autour de Pline le Jeune. En hommage à Nicole Méthy (2015)

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See detailLe binge drinking (biture expresse) est-il un phénomène récent ?
Demaret, Isabelle ULg; Quertemont, Etienne ULg

in Seutin, Vincent; Scuvée-Moreau, Jacqueline; Quertemont, Etienne (Eds.) L'alcool en questions (2015)

L’alcool remonte le moral. Une petite cuite n’a jamais tué personne. Boire un café atténue l’effet de l’alcool. Le binge drinking est un fléau nouveau… De nombreuses idées reçues, certaines fondées ... [more ▼]

L’alcool remonte le moral. Une petite cuite n’a jamais tué personne. Boire un café atténue l’effet de l’alcool. Le binge drinking est un fléau nouveau… De nombreuses idées reçues, certaines fondées, d’autres pas, sont véhiculées à propos de l’alcool et de ses conséquences. L’alcool soulève aussi de multiples questions : L’alcool est-il une drogue ? L’alcool est-il aphrodisiaque ? L’alcoolisme est-il héréditaire ? Combien l’alcool coûte/rapporte-t-il à la société ? Peut-on guérir de l’alcoolisme ?… Ce livre a pour but de démont(r)er certaines idées reçues sur l’alcool et d’apporter des réponses aux questions que chacun se pose. Les auteurs ne se bornent pas à répondre par vrai ou faux, ils fournissent les explications, appuyées sur l’état des connaissances scientifiques actuelles, qui permettent d’infirmer ou de confirmer ces idées reçues ou de répondre à ces questions. Ils nuancent le propos lorsque la réponse n’est pas de l’ordre du tout ou rien. Il est indéniable que l’excès d’alcool est nuisible à la santé. Il existe cependant une littérature scientifique démontrant des effets positifs sur la santé de la consommation en quantités modérées de certaines boissons alcoolisées. Ce mélange d’effets positifs et négatifs explique que le public a développé une relation d’amour-haine avec l’alcool. Ainsi, les abstinents complets sont parfois qualifiés de rabat-joie. Les alcooliques chroniques (5 à 10 % des occidentaux, selon les études épidémiologiques !) sont, quant à eux, souvent trop vite jugés. Ce qui est certain c’est que l’alcoolo-dépendance est source de beaucoup de souffrances pour la personne et son entourage. Ces 41 réponses à des questions sur l’alcool visent à donner des balises au lecteur, littérature scientifique à l’appui. [less ▲]

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See detailMineurs délinquants, entre risque et protection de la jeunesse : quelle évaluation ?
Glowacz, Fabienne ULg

in Beauthier, Jean-Pol (Ed.) A la découverte de la médecine légale. Paroles de médecin. (2015)

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See detailL'alcool rapporte-t-il à la société plus qu'il ne lui coûte ?
Demaret, Isabelle ULg

in Seutin, Vincent; Scuvée-Moreau, Jacqueline; Quertemont, Etienne (Eds.) L'alcool en questions (2015)

L’alcool remonte le moral. Une petite cuite n’a jamais tué personne. Boire un café atténue l’effet de l’alcool. Le binge drinking est un fléau nouveau… De nombreuses idées reçues, certaines fondées ... [more ▼]

L’alcool remonte le moral. Une petite cuite n’a jamais tué personne. Boire un café atténue l’effet de l’alcool. Le binge drinking est un fléau nouveau… De nombreuses idées reçues, certaines fondées, d’autres pas, sont véhiculées à propos de l’alcool et de ses conséquences. L’alcool soulève aussi de multiples questions : L’alcool est-il une drogue ? L’alcool est-il aphrodisiaque ? L’alcoolisme est-il héréditaire ? Combien l’alcool coûte/rapporte-t-il à la société ? Peut-on guérir de l’alcoolisme ?… Ce livre a pour but de démont(r)er certaines idées reçues sur l’alcool et d’apporter des réponses aux questions que chacun se pose. Les auteurs ne se bornent pas à répondre par vrai ou faux, ils fournissent les explications, appuyées sur l’état des connaissances scientifiques actuelles, qui permettent d’infirmer ou de confirmer ces idées reçues ou de répondre à ces questions. Ils nuancent le propos lorsque la réponse n’est pas de l’ordre du tout ou rien. Il est indéniable que l’excès d’alcool est nuisible à la santé. Il existe cependant une littérature scientifique démontrant des effets positifs sur la santé de la consommation en quantités modérées de certaines boissons alcoolisées. Ce mélange d’effets positifs et négatifs explique que le public a développé une relation d’amour-haine avec l’alcool. Ainsi, les abstinents complets sont parfois qualifiés de rabat-joie. Les alcooliques chroniques (5 à 10 % des occidentaux, selon les études épidémiologiques !) sont, quant à eux, souvent trop vite jugés. Ce qui est certain c’est que l’alcoolo-dépendance est source de beaucoup de souffrances pour la personne et son entourage. Ces 41 réponses à des questions sur l’alcool visent à donner des balises au lecteur, littérature scientifique à l’appui. [less ▲]

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See detailUne histoire de la mobilité à Liège : dates et événements-clés
Frankignoulle, Pierre ULg

in Frankignoulle, Pierre (Ed.) Quand la mobilité fait la ville (et inversement) (2015)

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See detailThe stadium of Olympia: a dialogical composition
Kiuri, Miranda; Teller, Jacques ULg

in Montanola, J (Ed.) International Journal Arquitectonics: Architecture, phenomenology & social dialogics (2015)

The article proposes a renewed interpretation of the relation of the antique stadium of Olympia with its built environment. It is argued that the stadium, far from being isolated from the city as commonly ... [more ▼]

The article proposes a renewed interpretation of the relation of the antique stadium of Olympia with its built environment. It is argued that the stadium, far from being isolated from the city as commonly considered, was connected to the Altis through a series of visual relations, adopting principles of dialogical architecture: composition, significant location, functional routes, perceptions, role of architectonic elements and spatial characteristics. This argument is illustrated through computer-generated perspectives of the stadium. [less ▲]

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See detailComplex fluis droplets in leidenfrost state
Dorbolo, Stéphane ULg; Maquet, Laurent ULg; sobac, benjamin et al

in droplet wetting and evaporation (2015)

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See detailLa fraude en droit patrimonial international : le cas des successions internationales
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in De Page, Philippe; Culot, André; De Stefani, Isabelle (Eds.) Apaprences, simulations, abus et fraude - Aspects civils et fiscaux (2015)

Cette contribution s'interroge sur la possibilité d'utiliser la technique de la fraude à la loi dans les relations privées internationales, en visant spécialement le droit patrimonial familial. Après un ... [more ▼]

Cette contribution s'interroge sur la possibilité d'utiliser la technique de la fraude à la loi dans les relations privées internationales, en visant spécialement le droit patrimonial familial. Après un examen général des principes qui structurent la fraude à la loi en droit international privé contemporain, la contribution analyse l'usage potentiel de cette technique sous l'empire du Règlement 650/2012 consacré aux successions internationales. [less ▲]

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See detailULTIMATE STRENGTH - Discussion on Committee III.1- ISSC 2012's report
Rigo, Philippe ULg

in Fricke, Wolfgang; Bronsart, Robert (Eds.) PROCEEDINGS OF THE 18TH INTERNATIONAL SHIP AND OFFSHORE STRUCTURES CONGRESS - VOLUME 3 (2015)

Concern for the ductile behavior of ships and o shore structures and their structural components under ultimate conditions. Attention shall be given to the influence of fabrication imperfections and in ... [more ▼]

Concern for the ductile behavior of ships and o shore structures and their structural components under ultimate conditions. Attention shall be given to the influence of fabrication imperfections and in-service damage and degradation on reserve strength. Uncertainties in strength models for design shall be highlighted. [less ▲]

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See detailAdolescent delinquent behaviours as attempts of group social integration and well-being through social acceptance?
Born, Michel ULg; Cattelino, Elena; Gavray, Claire ULg et al

in Carneiro, Roberto; Carneiro, Maria Ana (Eds.) Youth, Offense and Well-Being . Can Science Enlighten Policy? (2015)

Large surveys in Western countries give pictures of adolescent well-being related to delinquency and group affiliation. The belonging to a particular country, city or neighbourhood with their social ... [more ▼]

Large surveys in Western countries give pictures of adolescent well-being related to delinquency and group affiliation. The belonging to a particular country, city or neighbourhood with their social structure influences the probability to have delinquent activities in group increasing or decreasing the risk of marginalisation, the sensibility to deviant values and the well-being related to peers’ acceptance. A general process would exist by which, firstly adolescents oppose themselves to the parents’ authority and seek for acceptance among their peers. This leads to a spiral when the youth tries to resolve his cognitive dissonance between the immoral acts he is invited to commit with his friends and his personal value system learned in his family, school and other institutions. In adolescence, the influence of peers can be positive or negative; it can be “protective peer-contagion” with positive response to normative talk or “deviant peer-contagion” with positive response to deviant talk or behaviour. At the micro level, well-adjusted peers are able to resist the influence of deviant peers. The participation to non-homogenous mixed groups seems to facilitate more normative talks. This leads to the hypothesis that the progressive extension to differentiated groups when adolescence is going through will strengthen their ties with conventional norms and contribute to their well-being. [less ▲]

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See detailSeismic Behaviour of Thin-Bed Layered Unreinforced Clay Masonry Frames with T- or L-Shaped Piers
Mordant, Christophe ULg; Dietz, Matt; Taylor, Colin et al

in Taucer, Fabio; Apostolska, Roberta (Eds.) Experimental Research in Earthquake Engineering - EU-SERIES Concluding Workshop (2015)

According to current standards, the use of unreinforced masonry is only recommended in regions of low to moderate seismicity as a resisting system to carry earthquake-induced horizontal forces. This ... [more ▼]

According to current standards, the use of unreinforced masonry is only recommended in regions of low to moderate seismicity as a resisting system to carry earthquake-induced horizontal forces. This requirement is however felt as rather conservative and leading to uneconomical constructive solutions, in particular for low seismic regions. Moreover, the seismic analysis of masonry structures has to be performed along two main perpendicular directions, usually neglecting the contribution of wall elements perpendicular to the seismic action. Horizontal elements (spandrel, etc.) are also commonly disregarded. In such a context, the present contribution provides an overview of experimental results obtained from shake table tests on unreinforced masonry frames carried out in the EQUALS Laboratory of Bristol University in order to assess, and possibly enhance, current design rules. The study is focused on the contribution of walls perpendicular to the seismic action and on the influence of the frame effect induced by the coupling of the walls through horizontal reinforced concrete elements, such as lintels and floor slabs. Another point of interest of the study is the influence of the gravity loading situation, comparing a floor slab supported by the shear walls as well as by the perpendicular elements, with a floor slab supported by the perpendicular walls only. Tests are performed on walls constructed with units and construction methods typical of the North-Western European region. [less ▲]

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See detailLes parties à la convention d'arbitrage : le clair-obscur de la volonté des parties comme fondement du recours à l'arbitrage
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in De Meulemeester, Dirk (Ed.) Recueil de sentences arbitrales du CEPANI - Questions procédurales (2015)

Une convention de cessions d'actions est conclue entre diverses parties. Pour faciliter l'exécution de cette convention, diverses missions sont confiées à une partie, qui n'est ni le vendeur, ni l ... [more ▼]

Une convention de cessions d'actions est conclue entre diverses parties. Pour faciliter l'exécution de cette convention, diverses missions sont confiées à une partie, qui n'est ni le vendeur, ni l'acheteur, mais le dépositaire de certaines des actions qui font l'objet de l'opération. Le contrat lui impose notamment de transférer au vendeur la moitié d'un montant dont l'acheteur pourrait être ultérieurement redevable sur base d'une clause d'ajustement de prix. Vendeur et acheteur accordent également au tiers un mandat irrévocable pour effectuer certaines opérations. Cette partie est-elle liée par la clause d'arbitrage que contient la convention de cession d'actions? Voilà en substance la question à laquelle devait répondre le tribunal arbitral dans la sentence commentée. [less ▲]

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See detailPaul Mertens (1925-2011)
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Capasso, Mario (Ed.) Hermae. Scholars and Scholarship in Papyrology, IV (2015)

Life and works of Paul Mertens (1925-2011), Belgian philologist and papyrologist and founder of the Centre de Documentation de Papyrologie Littéraire (CEDOPAL) at the University of Liège

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See detailJean-François Tielemans (1831-1832)
Genin, Vincent ULg

in Raxhon, Philippe (Ed.) Les Gouverneurs de la province de Liège. Histoire d’une fonction, mémoire d’une action (2015)

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See detailLa Porte Mantile et la Porte du Capitole [de la cathédrale de Tournai] dans l'Histoire de l'Art roman
Van den Bossche, Benoît ULg

in Duperroy, Francoise; DESMET, Yves (Eds.) Les portails de la cathédrale Notre-Dame de Tournai. Contextualisation et restauration (2015)

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See detailGaston Grégoire (1919-1927)
Genin, Vincent ULg

in Raxhon, Philippe (Ed.) Les Gouverneurs de la province de Liège. Histoire d’une fonction, mémoire d’une action (2015)

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See detailUn cours commun de philosophie comme pratique collective du questionnement
Herla, Anne ULg

in Leclercq, Jean (Ed.) Morale et religions à l'Ecole ? Changeons de paradigme (2015)

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See detailLe bagage TIC des étudiants en Belgique francophone. État des lieux.
Henry, Julie ULg; Joris, Noémie ULg

in Baron, Georges-Louis; Bruillard, Éric; Drot-Delange, Béatrice (Eds.) Informatique en éducation : perspectives curriculaires et didactiques (2015)

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See detailLa dystopie française d’Émile Souvestre à Léon Daudet. Petite traversée générique
Stienon, Valérie ULg

in Engélibert, Jean-Paul; Guidée, Raphaëlle (Eds.) Utopie et catastrophe. Revers et renaissances de l’utopie (XVIe-XXIe siècles) (2015)

Les récits anticipant des sociétés futures sous oppression ou sur le déclin sont régulièrement confondus sous les appellations non synonymiques de "dystopie", "anti-utopie" et "contre-utopie". Ces ... [more ▼]

Les récits anticipant des sociétés futures sous oppression ou sur le déclin sont régulièrement confondus sous les appellations non synonymiques de "dystopie", "anti-utopie" et "contre-utopie". Ces appariements dénotent une indécision significative à propos de tout un pan de la tradition littéraire de l’utopie. Qu’on le considère comme le double inversé ou la face cachée de l’utopie, le récit d’anticipation négatif présente au moins un invariant structurel : il développe l’histoire fictive d’une communauté dont l’organisation et les bases sociales sont menacées, fragilisées, détruites. Le présent parcours dans une fraction de la littérature française publiée entre 1840 et 1930 propose une mise au point terminologique et quelques balises formelles pour la (re)lecture du récit d’anticipation sociale négatif, dont il s’agit de souligner la cohérence et les spécificités. [less ▲]

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See detailMEXIQUE : CONSÉQUENCES DE LA MIGRATION INTERNATIONALE SUR L’ÉDUCATION DES ENFANTS
Zuniga, Victor; Vivas Romero, Maria ULg

in Gemenne, François (Ed.) Migration Internationales: Un enjeu Nord-Sud? (2015)

Les rapports entre expérience migratoire aux Etats-Unis, séparation familiale, éclatement des parcours scolaires et aspirations éducatives des enfants et adolescents mexicains sont à la fois étroits et ... [more ▼]

Les rapports entre expérience migratoire aux Etats-Unis, séparation familiale, éclatement des parcours scolaires et aspirations éducatives des enfants et adolescents mexicains sont à la fois étroits et pluridirectionnels. Cette étude n’aide pas seulement les chercheurs à comprendre le phénomène, elle devrait également permettre de préconiser des mesures politiques susceptibles de bénéficier tant aux parents transnationaux qu’aux enfants. [less ▲]

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See detailQuel sort pour les déchets moyennement et hautement radioactifs belges ? Controverses et traitements médiatiques entourant le choix de l’option
Parotte, Céline ULg; Lits, Grégoire

in Wintgens, Sophie; Grandjean, Geoffrey; Vanhaeren, Stéphanie (Eds.) L'insécurité en question. Définitions, enjeux et perspectives (2015)

Nous faisons le choix d’analyser le traitement médiatique du Plan Déchets, en le situant dans un processus plus large, c’est- à-dire incluant une pluralité d’acteurs intéressés, de construction du ... [more ▼]

Nous faisons le choix d’analyser le traitement médiatique du Plan Déchets, en le situant dans un processus plus large, c’est- à-dire incluant une pluralité d’acteurs intéressés, de construction du problème des déchets radioactifs en Belgique. Cette analyse repose sur une « conception relationnelle »3 de la définition des problèmes publics – ou sociaux. Il s’agit de comprendre les problèmes publics, et plus généralement la construction de po- litiques publiques destinées à les résoudre, à partir des relations liant différents types d’acteurs, ou, comme l’assemblage « des pratiques qui les produisent et les transforment sans cesse ». Nous nous intéresserons ici précisément aux actions et interactions liant plusieurs groupes d’acteurs participant à ce processus dynamique de construction du problème public : l’organisme d’intérêt public – l’ONDRAF –, les médias, le public, certaines associations environnementales ainsi que les représentants politiques à tous niveaux de pouvoir. [less ▲]

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See detailThe AgMIP Coordinated Climate-Crop Modeling Project (C3MP) : Methods and Protocols
McDermid, S.; Ruane, A.; Hudson, N. et al

in Rosenzweig, Cynthia; Hillel, Daniel (Eds.) Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems: The Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) - Integrated Crop and Economic Assessments (2015)

Climate effects on agriculture are of increasing concern in both the scientific and policy communities because of the growing population and the greater uncertainty in the weather during growing seasons ... [more ▼]

Climate effects on agriculture are of increasing concern in both the scientific and policy communities because of the growing population and the greater uncertainty in the weather during growing seasons. Changes in production are directly linked to variations in temperature and precipitation during the growing season and often to the offseason changes in weather because of soil water storage to replenish the soil profile. This is not an isolated problem but one of worldwide interest because each country has concerns about their food security. The Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) was developed to evaluate agricultural models and intercompare their ability to predict climate impacts. In sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, South America and East Asia, AgMIP regional research teams (RRTs) are conducting integrated assessments to improve understanding of agricultural impacts of climate change (including biophysical and economic impacts) at national and regional scales. Other AgMIP initiatives include global gridded modeling, data and information technology (IT) tool development, simulation of crop pests and diseases, site-based crop-climate sensitivity studies, and aggregation and scaling. [less ▲]

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See detailConclusion. De nouvelles approches pour repenser l’(in)sécurité
Wintgens, Sophie ULg; Grandjean, Geoffrey ULg; Vanhaeren, Stéphanie ULg

in Wintgens, Sophie; Grandjean, Geoffrey; Vanhaeren, Stéphanie (Eds.) L’insécurité en question. Définitions, enjeux et perspectives (2015)

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See detailIntroduction. L’(in)sécurité : entre représentations et perceptions des concepts
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULg; Wintgens, Sophie ULg; Vanhaeren, Stéphanie ULg

in Wintgens, Sophie; Grandjean, Geoffrey; Vanhaeren, Stéphanie (Eds.) L’insécurité en question. Définitions, enjeux et perspectives (2015)

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See detailLes forces de la négation dans l’image
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Acquarelli, Luca (Ed.) Au prisme du figural. Le sens des images entre forme et force (2015)

Ce texte vise à décrire un type particulier de forces inhérentes à la configuration de l’image. Il s’agit de forces qui mettent en crise la figuration et le caractère affirmatif de l’image, en les ... [more ▼]

Ce texte vise à décrire un type particulier de forces inhérentes à la configuration de l’image. Il s’agit de forces qui mettent en crise la figuration et le caractère affirmatif de l’image, en les détournant et en les rendant « hésitants ». Nous souhaitons démontrer que l’image n’est pas contrainte d’affirmer ce qu’elle met en scène : elle a également la capacité de le nier. La négation par l’image représente à nos yeux un défi majeur pour les sémioticiens du visuel et les théoriciens de l’art, notamment dans le cadre de recherches sur le langage de l’image, le métalangage visuel et, plus généralement, sur les capacités de l’image à développer un discours autonome par rapport au discours verbal [less ▲]

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See detailChina in Latin America: cooperation and hegemony?
Wintgens, Sophie ULg

in Wouters, Jan; Defraigne, Jean-Christophe; Burnay, Matthieu (Eds.) China, the European Union and the Developing World: A Triangular Relationship (2015)

Over the last decade, China has deeply affected the economic map of Latin America. All the Latin American countries quickly increased their exchanges with China and get engaged in new plans for exchanges ... [more ▼]

Over the last decade, China has deeply affected the economic map of Latin America. All the Latin American countries quickly increased their exchanges with China and get engaged in new plans for exchanges, cooperation and partnerships. These evolutions have highlighted the American lack of leadership and the European loss of competitiveness. Numbers of researches tend to analyse the Sino-Latin American relationship with the eyes of reciprocity. This contribution rather makes the choice of analysing China’s strategy for growth on the world stage, focusing on its ties with Latin America and Brazil especially: cooperation or hegemony? According to this approach, the increase of China’s influence doesn’t only depend on its resources, nor on its capacity to mobilize them opportunely. It also depends on its external recognition. Thus, the power of China can be measured through its capacity to “assert itself as a reference” for its emerging peers, or even for Western powers. By integrating all dimensions of the Chinese power through its foreign policy and its incantatory diplomacy (anti-hegemonism, world multipolarization, South-South cooperation, etc.) , this chapter will try to identify real Chinese influence by measuring the distance between perception and reality. Against the backdrop of the following hypothesis: does the Chinese penetration in Latin America have a notable impact on the relations of Europe and the United States with this part of the world? [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse des sauts et de la course à pied par accélérométrie
Laffaye, Guillaume; Jidovtseff, Boris ULg

in Arfaoui, Ahlem; Bertucci, William (Eds.) Métrologie en biomécanique (2015)

The goal of this article is to understand the interests and limits of the accelerometry for assessing the performance in sport. More specifically, accelerometers are used during jumping tests (squat jump ... [more ▼]

The goal of this article is to understand the interests and limits of the accelerometry for assessing the performance in sport. More specifically, accelerometers are used during jumping tests (squat jump, countermovement jump, hopping on place test) to measure jump height, power, force and leg stiffness as well. During running, they are used for assessing velocity, step frequency, and other useful parameters for trainers or scientists in the understanding of this mode of locomotion. [less ▲]

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See detailÉvaluation et analyse de la performance par accélérométrie lors des mouvements de musculation
Jidovtseff, Boris ULg; Laffaye, Guillaume

in Arfaoui, Ahlem; Bertucci, William (Eds.) Métrologie et biomécanique (2015)

Since a decade, the accelerometry allows new measurements in biomechanics of sport. Small, light and transportable, these sensors allow to liberate from heavy force plates and offers new perspectives in ... [more ▼]

Since a decade, the accelerometry allows new measurements in biomechanics of sport. Small, light and transportable, these sensors allow to liberate from heavy force plates and offers new perspectives in the understanding of the performance in sport. The goal of this chapter is to present the concept of the accelerometry and to understand practical possibilities and limits in the assessment of muscular performance. The reliability of the accelerometers are highly depending on the level of technology and in the respect of manufacturer recommendations. These devices are used during exercises such as bench press or squat, allowing to analyze force-velocity-power profile, to estimate the 1-RM, to achieve biomechanical analysis or to track free weight exercises during work out. All of these applications are very precious for scientists and for coaches during training program or athletes follow-up. [less ▲]

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See detailModelling, Design, and Optimisation of Net-Zero Energy Buildings
Attia, Shady ULg; Hamdy, Mohamed; Carlucci, Salvatore et al

in Athienitis, Andreas; O’Brien (Eds.) Building Performance Optimisation of Net Zero-Energy Buildings (2015)

Automated mathematical building performance optimisation (BPO) paired with building performance simulation (BPS) is a promising solution to use as a means to evaluating many different design options and ... [more ▼]

Automated mathematical building performance optimisation (BPO) paired with building performance simulation (BPS) is a promising solution to use as a means to evaluating many different design options and obtain the optimal or near optimal for a given objective or combination of objectives (e.g., lowest life-cycle cost, lowest capital cost, highest thermal comfort) while achieving fixed objectives (e.g., net zero-energy) (Wetter 2001; Charron and Athienitis 2006; Christensen and Anderson 2006; Brown, Glicksman et al. 2010; Bucking, Athienitis et al. 2010 ). Traditionally, buildings are designed based on heuristic rules separating the design process into early and late design stages with two different discipline specialisations mainly architecture and engineering. By employing optimisation techniques building designers can cross those barriers between disciplines and address the design process as one continuous stage. Optimisation can allow that by addressing all building design parameters, as shown in Figure 4.1, in a holistic approach allowing the optimisation of geometry, envelope, comfort, systems and renewable. The previously often ill defined design problem would under this perspective be defined as a problem with explicit multi-objective criteria. This will push fully integrated net zero-energy building (Net-ZEB) designs where the builder designers can act to influence the direction of the optimisation. Despite optimisation’s potential in Net-ZEB buildings, it remains largely a research tool and has yet to emerge in common industry practice. As this section reports, major obstacles to BPO in industry include lack of appropriate tools, lack of resources (time, expertise), and the requirement that the problem be very well defined (e.g., constraints, objective function, finite list of design options). The objective of this section is to document the current state-of-the-art and future research in terms of Net-ZEB optimisation tools in practice and its use for design and operation of buildings for energy, comfort and cost optimisation. [less ▲]

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See detailCrédit hypothécaire et crédit d’investissement – Indemnités, frais et pénalités
Biquet, Christine ULg

in Barnich, Laurent; Van Molle, Matthieu (Eds.) Le crédit hypothécaire – Actualités et réponses pour la pratique (2015)

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See detailLe névrosé dépressif de Maigret tend un piège
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Van Beveren, Julien (Ed.) Littérature, langue et didactique. Hommages à Jean-Louis Dumortier (2015)

Dans Maigret tend en piège, non seulement le célèbre commissaire s'écarte de sa méthode habituelle, mais il s'appuie sur les propos d'un psychiatre rencontré chez des amis. Le présent article en profite ... [more ▼]

Dans Maigret tend en piège, non seulement le célèbre commissaire s'écarte de sa méthode habituelle, mais il s'appuie sur les propos d'un psychiatre rencontré chez des amis. Le présent article en profite pour étudier les liens entre Simenon et la psychiatrie. [less ▲]

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See detailRepriser, c’est aussi réparer son âme. Texte de présentation de la performance proposée par Cathy Alvarez
Molina Marmol, Maïté ULg

in Catalogue de l’exposition « Noir Chantilly. Féminisme(s) » (2015)

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See detailApproaches for analyzing the roles of mast cells and their proteases in vivo.
Galli, Stephen J; Tsai, Mindy; Marichal, Thomas ULg et al

in Advances in Immunology (2015)

The roles of mast cells in health and disease remain incompletely understood. While the evidence that mast cells are critical effector cells in IgE-dependent anaphylaxis and other acute IgE-mediated ... [more ▼]

The roles of mast cells in health and disease remain incompletely understood. While the evidence that mast cells are critical effector cells in IgE-dependent anaphylaxis and other acute IgE-mediated allergic reactions seems unassailable, studies employing various mice deficient in mast cells or mast cell-associated proteases have yielded divergent conclusions about the roles of mast cells or their proteases in certain other immunological responses. Such “controversial” results call into question the relative utility of various older versus newer approaches to ascertain the roles of mast cells and mast cell proteases in vivo. This review discusses how both older and more recent mouse models have been used to investigate the functions of mast cells and their proteases in health and disease. We particularly focus on settings in which divergent conclusions about the importance of mast cells and their proteases have been supported by studies that employed different models of mast cell or mast cell protease deficiency. We think that two major conclusions can be drawn from such findings: (1) no matter which models of mast cell or mast cell protease deficiency one employs, the conclusions drawn from the experiments always should take into account the potential limitations of the models (particularly abnormalities affecting cell types other than mast cells) and (2) even when analyzing a biological response using a single model of mast cell or mast cell protease deficiency, details of experimental design are critical in efforts to define those conditions under which important contributions of mast cells or their proteases can be identified. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-wave infrared digital holography
Georges, Marc ULg

in Picart, Pascal (Ed.) New Techniques in Digital Holography (2015)

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See detailCharacteristics of Economically Designed CUSUM and \bar{X} Control Charts
Saniga, Erwin; Davis, Darwin; Faraz, Alireza ULg et al

in Knoth, Sven; Schmid, Wolfgang (Eds.) Frontiers in Statistical Quality Control 11 (2015)

In this paper we investigate the characteristics of economic control chart designs for both Shewhart (¯X ) and CUSUM control charts. Authors in the past have made some suggestions regarding the design of ... [more ▼]

In this paper we investigate the characteristics of economic control chart designs for both Shewhart (¯X ) and CUSUM control charts. Authors in the past have made some suggestions regarding the design of these charts, where design is defined as finding the values of sample size, intersample interval and control limit (Shewhart chart) or control parameters (k and h) for the CUSUM chart. Here, we run a large number of experiments consisting of many configurations of the parameters and describe and model the results in terms of the actual economic designs. [less ▲]

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See detailAway from Delinquency and Crime: Resilience and Protective Factors
Glowacz, Fabienne ULg; Born, Michel ULg

in Morizot, Julien; Kazemian, Lila (Eds.) The Development of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior . Theory, Research and Practical Applications (2015)

Delinquent and criminal behaviors are often the result of adverse conditions in the family and the neighborhood, or of affiliations with delinquent peers. However, case studies as well as large surveys ... [more ▼]

Delinquent and criminal behaviors are often the result of adverse conditions in the family and the neighborhood, or of affiliations with delinquent peers. However, case studies as well as large surveys have shown that even in adverse conditions, many children and adolescents do not engage in delinquency; they are “resilient.” In the explanation of criminal and antisocial behaviors, resilient individuals are those who have succeeded in overcoming at-risk circumstances. Resilience is also regarded as the process through which a person adjusts to at-risk situations in a successful manner. Promotive and protective factors stem from the community, family, school, peers, and individuals, and the configurations of these factors are important. In addition, protective factors are not universal. Risk factors and consequently, protective and resilience processes, may be different for children, adolescents, and adults, as well as for males and females. Finally, it is useful to distinguish primary resilience (i.e., as a preventive force in the onset of delinquency) from secondary resilience, which refers to a return to a crime-free life after a period of serious offending activity. [less ▲]

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See detailCareer Patterns in Multi-level Quebec and Wallonia: Towards a Sub-State and Federal Political Class?
Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg

in Reuchamps, Min (Ed.) Minority Nations in Multinational Federations: A comparative study of Quebec and Wallonia (2015)

The process of regionalisation in Western Europe has renewed the interest in political careers, not only for newly regionalised unitary states but also for established federations (Stolz 2003). Recently ... [more ▼]

The process of regionalisation in Western Europe has renewed the interest in political careers, not only for newly regionalised unitary states but also for established federations (Stolz 2003). Recently, Docherty (2011: 186) rightly stated that “there has been little analytical work on the Canadian political career ” . And, arguably, even less on political careers in Quebec. Though, since the end of the 1990s, Walloon political careers have received greater attention (Fiers 2001a, 2001b; Pilet, Fiers and Steyvers 2007; Vanlangenakker, Maddens and Put 2010). Based on an original dataset, this chapter proposes a comprehensive analyses of federal and regional careers since the 1990s in Quebec and in Wallonia. More specifically, it presents and explains the circulation of members of parliament (MPs) in the two federations, with a specific focus on career maintenance at a single level of government (professional political careers) and career advancement (level-hopping movements between political arenas). [less ▲]

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See detailDocumentário e mal-entendido. Retorno sobre uma primeira filmagem no Brasil
Hamers, Jérémy ULg

in Stols, Eddy; Mascaro, Luciana; Bueno, Clodoaldo (Eds.) Brasil e Bélgica: Cinco Séculos de Conexões e Interação (2015)

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See detailQuel développement agricole pour la RDC ?
Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Michel, Baudouin ULg; Ntoto M'Vubu, Alphonse Roger

in Omasombo Tshonda, Jean; Marysse, Stefaan (Eds.) Conjonctures congolaises 2014 : politiques, territoires et ressources naturelles : changements et continuités (2015)

Cette partie d'ouvrage s'intéresse au secteur agricole de la République démocratique du Congo en tant que perspective de développement intéressante susceptible de contribuer au décollage économique et à ... [more ▼]

Cette partie d'ouvrage s'intéresse au secteur agricole de la République démocratique du Congo en tant que perspective de développement intéressante susceptible de contribuer au décollage économique et à la réduction de la pauvreté du pays. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean Case-law on Asylum Matters: Interrelation and Interdependence of the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union
Mazur Kumric, Nives ULg; Župan, Mirela

in Sander, Gerald G.; Rodin, Siniša; Bodiroga-Vukobrat, Nada (Eds.) New Europe - Old Values?: Reform and Perseverance (Europeanization and Globalization) (2015)

The Council of Europe and the European Union (hereinafter: the EU) are major players and partners in the domain of policy shaping strategies on the European continent, with significant and evergrowing ... [more ▼]

The Council of Europe and the European Union (hereinafter: the EU) are major players and partners in the domain of policy shaping strategies on the European continent, with significant and evergrowing impact on international community as a whole. Although the ratio and ideas behind their establishment were not the same (economic versus humanistic), they have, over the time, acquired a similar attitude towards a number of legal issues, including protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms. Unlike the Council of Europe which perceived human rights as a cornerstone of its founding pillars, the EU took a longer way to incorporate them in its priority areas. The latter shift was, however, rapid and these days, one is witnessing a large-scale cooperation instituted between respective regional organisations with the aim of creating a human rights friendly environment. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on one particular segment of their cooperation in the field of human rights protection – asylum law. For the fact that Europe attracts a large contingency of people looking for better life and new beginnings, asylum matters have moved to the forefront of the Council of Europe and EU standard setting policies. The chapter following the introductory remarks gives an overview of the most crucial moments in the chronology of cooperation between the Council of Europe and the EU, observed from the angle of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (hereinafter: the European Convention) and the related case-law of the two core European judicial organs: the European Court of Human Rights (hereinafter: the ECHR) and the Court of Justice of the European Union (hereinafter: the CJEU). A special emphasis is put on recent developments of historical significance related to the accession of the EU to the European Convention and peculiar legal consequences thereof. Chapter 3 focuses on the so-called Dublin system, a set of norms and mechanisms introduced to regulate a vast area of the asylum policy within the EU. The analysis keeps track with the steps taken in the creation of a common European asylum system, i.e. the three codification stages and their outcomes. Despite being of EU provenance, the respective system serves as a solid legal basis in asylum matters adjudicated by both European courts. Finally, the chapter preceding the conclusion highlights some of the leading asylum cases which demonstrate a close interrelation and interdependance of the European courts and their case-law in the area of European asylum policies. The sub-chapter on the ECHR case-law summarises the most notable facts, elements and standards derived from the judgments in the cases of M. S. S. v. Belgium and Greece, T. I. v. the United Kingdom and K. R. S. v. the United Kingdom, as well as Mohammed Hussein and Others v. the Netherlands and Italy, and Mohammed v. Austria. In the same vein, the CJEU case-law is elaborated in another sub-chapter; namely, the authors draw attention to the cases of N. S. v. Secretary of State for the Home Department and M. E. and others v. Refugee Applications Commissioner, Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform; Meki Elgafaji, Noor Elgafaji v. Staatssecretaris van Justitie; and Shamso Abdullahi v. Bundesasylamt. The purpose of this case-law overview and analysis is to sum up major rules, theories and standards originating from the judgements, as well as to find the points of convergence and differentiation between the ECHR and the CJEU in asylum matters. [less ▲]

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See detailVII.15 Cahier de texte et reliure [manuscrit arabe MRAH I.S. 5007]
Franssen, Elise ULg

in van Raemdonck, Mieke (Ed.) En Harmonie. Art du monde islamique aux Musées Royaux d’Art et d’Histoire de Bruxelles (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (5 ULg)
See detailDo Animals Work? Creating Pragmatic narrative
Despret, Vinciane ULg

in Senior, Matthew; Clark, David; Freccero, Carla (Eds.) Animots: Postanimality in French Thought (2015)

Do animals work? The way in which we answer this question could bear either the best or the worst consequences for animals. This indicates the pragmatism of such an inquiry. Acknowledging the cooperation ... [more ▼]

Do animals work? The way in which we answer this question could bear either the best or the worst consequences for animals. This indicates the pragmatism of such an inquiry. Acknowledging the cooperation and involvement of lab animals in the workload, as proposed by pharmacologist Michael Robin Chance in the 40s, could have changed the entire story. However, what does “work” mean? Donna Haraway defines “work” as a process that crafts identities and “response-abilities.” She writes: “animals as workers in labs, animals in all their worlds, are response-able in the same sense people are; that is, responsibility is a relationship crafted into intra-action through which entities, subjects and objects, come into being.” Sociologists and anthropologists have been reluctant to consider the idea that other beings could claim to work, apart from a few specific cases such as herding dogs, guide dogs, etc. My colleague, the French sociologist Jocelyne Porcher believes that breeding animals actively collaborate with their breeders. In her previous surveys, she heard anecdotes that suggested that cows and pigs deliberately ease the workload, taking initiative and subjectively getting involved in the work. However, when questioned on the issue, breeders adhere to common beliefs that only humans work, not animals. Looking deeper into the issue, we have discovered that the answer to this question fluctuates depending upon the way the question is posed and to whom the question is directed. [less ▲]

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See detailControlling Time? Speeding Up Divorce Proceedings in France and Belgium.
Bastard, Benoit; Delvaux, David ULg; Mouhanna, Christian et al

in Maclean, Mavis; Eekelaar, John; Bastard, Benoit (Eds.) Delivering Family Justice in the 21st Century (2015)

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See detailNational Report: Belgium
Jousten, Alain ULg; Salanauskaite, Lina

in Hasselhorn, Hans-Martin; Apt, Wenke (Eds.) Understanding employment participation of older workers: Creating a knowledge base for future labour market challenges (2015)

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See detailNumerical and Experimental Investigation of Slot-Blown Air Over a Cylinder
Runge, W.; Buysschaert, F.; Hayez, J. et al

in Knight, L.; Lipatov, I.; Reijasse, P. (Eds.) Progress in Flight Physics - Volume 7 (2015)

The paper investigates the concept of directional control of helicopters without tail rotor by means of the Coanda effect. Slot-blowing around a cylinder in a steady flow is modeled computationally, using ... [more ▼]

The paper investigates the concept of directional control of helicopters without tail rotor by means of the Coanda effect. Slot-blowing around a cylinder in a steady flow is modeled computationally, using the unsteady k-ω shear stress transport (SST) solver in NUMECA, as well as experimentally in the wind tunnel of the Université de Liège. While the concept, in general, is promising, it is shown that there are some potential problems, including pitch yaw coupling and some unsteady flow conditions. These problems exist under various circumstances and are due, at least, in part, to the complicated flow-field that governs this problem, even in two dimensions. [less ▲]

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See detail"Des muets qui veulent parler". Lectures politiques, des Temps Modernes à L'Idiot de la famille
Cormann, Grégory ULg

in Bolmain, Thomas; Cormann, Grégory (Eds.) Politiques de la littérature. Bourdieu, Sartre, Foucault (2015)

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See detailBelgien
Brüll, Christoph ULg

in Deutsches Historisches Museum (Ed.) 1945. Niederlage. Befreiung. Neuanfang. Zwölf Länder Europas nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg (2015)

„Sie sind da!“, der Jubel über die Befreiung des Landes Anfang September 1944 kann nicht darüber hinwegtäuschen, dass die Nachkriegszeit in Belgien von etlichen Spannungen geprägt war. So standen vor ... [more ▼]

„Sie sind da!“, der Jubel über die Befreiung des Landes Anfang September 1944 kann nicht darüber hinwegtäuschen, dass die Nachkriegszeit in Belgien von etlichen Spannungen geprägt war. So standen vor allem die „Königsfrage“ und die Verfolgung der Kollaboration einer politischen Stabilisierung entgegen. Gleichzeitig erlebte Belgien einen deutlichen wirtschaftlichen Aufschwung und die wegweisende Neuorientierung der Außenpolitik von der Neutralität zur Einbindung in die westlichen Bündnisse. [less ▲]

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See detailLa constitution intersubjective de Moi. Fonder la sociologie phénoménologique à partir de Max Scheler.
Frère, Bruno ULg

in Mahéo, Gabriel (Ed.) La pensée de Max Scheler (titre provisoire) (2015)

L’hypothèse qui nous guidera tout au long de ce chapitre pourrait se résumer en une formule que Scheler répétera à maintes reprises : développer une pensée de la subjectivité équivaut à philosopher ... [more ▼]

L’hypothèse qui nous guidera tout au long de ce chapitre pourrait se résumer en une formule que Scheler répétera à maintes reprises : développer une pensée de la subjectivité équivaut à philosopher derrière les barreaux d’une prison. Y rester enfermé, c’est s’interdire de répondre à un problème majeur : une sociologie, à savoir l’étude des sens du monde qui me projettent d’emblée vers la communauté qui les lui donne et à laquelle j’appartiens, est-elle seulement possible depuis la phénoménologie ? [less ▲]

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See detailObjectivité et subjectivité dans la critique husserlienne du relativisme
Seron, Denis ULg

in Gyemant, Maria (Ed.) Psychologie et psychologisme (2015)

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See detailFerdinand de Macar (1847-1863)
Brüll, Christoph ULg

in Raxhon, Philippe (Ed.) Les Gouverneurs de la Province de Liège. Histoire d'une fonction, mémoire d'une action (2015)

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See detail« Maladie, malheur et santé en terre étrangère. Les apports de l’anthropologie à la pratique professionnelle »
Razy, Elodie ULg

in Collectif (Ed.) « La santé dans un contexte de diversité culturelle. Quelles ressources pour les professionnels qui accompagnent ou orientent des personnes d’origine étrangère ? » (2015)

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See detailInterpréter la bande dessinée selon ses genres
Badir, Sémir ULg

in Badir, Sémir; Ablali, Driss; Ducard, Dominique (Eds.) En tous genres. Normes, textes, médiations (2015)

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See detailLearning towards resilience
Jones, Ronald; Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULg

in Diepart, Jean-Christophe (Ed.) Learning for resilience: Insights from Cambodia’s rural communities (2015)

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See detailLes ressources énergétiques et minérales de la mer
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Deboudt, Philippe; Meur-Ferec, Catherine; Morel, Valérie (Eds.) Géographie des mers et des océans (2015)

Chapter of a book on the Geography of Seas and Oceans. Analysis of different energy and mineral resources by focusing on their diversity, their unequal spatial distribution and the tensions and risks ... [more ▼]

Chapter of a book on the Geography of Seas and Oceans. Analysis of different energy and mineral resources by focusing on their diversity, their unequal spatial distribution and the tensions and risks associated with their exploitation by individualizing four types of issues: legal and political, technological and economic, environmental and also territorial [less ▲]

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See detail« La antropología de la infancia y de los niños: Historia de un campo, cuestiones metodológicas y perspectivas »
Razy, Elodie ULg

in Alvarado, Neyra; Pérez, Salvador (Eds.) Por una Antropología de la Infancia (2015)

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See detailBrain stimulation for patients with disorders of consciousness
Thibaut, Aurore ULg; BODART, Olivier ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg

in Canavero, Sergio (Ed.) Surgical Principles of Therapeutic Cortical Stimulation (2015)

There is a long history of brain stimulation in medical science, and it was tested for years to try to treat several neurological diseases. Research has long been focused on some cortical areas and deep ... [more ▼]

There is a long history of brain stimulation in medical science, and it was tested for years to try to treat several neurological diseases. Research has long been focused on some cortical areas and deep brain structures like the prefrontal cortex and the thalamus. On the other hand, the treatment choices for patients with severe brain injury resulting in disorders of consciousness are still limited and research in this field remains challenging. In the current literature, only a few techniques of brain stimulation were studied scientifically in this population of patients. We will here describe noninvasive techniques, namely transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation, which permit to stimulate the brain through the scalp. Next, we will discuss the current status of deep brain stimulation as treatment for patients with disorders of consciousness. Finally we will develop hypothesis to explain the mechanism of action of these means of brain stimulation. We will see that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation studies showed encouraging results, with improvements in the behavioral signs of consciousness of severely brain injured patients, both chronic and acute, traumatic or non-traumatic, without influence of the stimulation side. Deep brain stimulation showed more impressive and extensive behavioral improvement after the implantation of an electrical stimulator in the intralaminar nuclei. However, this procedure is riskier and the number of patients who can benefit from this intervention are still limited. These therapeutic approaches are still in their infancy. In the years to follow, interventions should multiply and therapeutic measures should be more accessible, controlled and effective. [less ▲]

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See detailChapitre XII. Toxicologie, circulation routière et conduite sous influence
Beauthier, Jean-Pol; Leistedt, Samuel; Charlier, Corinne ULg et al

in Beauthier, Jean-Pol (Ed.) A la découverte de la médecine légale (2015)

Des spécialistes se sont réunis pour traiter dans un langage clair et dépourvu de technicité, les principales thématiques ayant trait à la médecine légale. Tout au long de l’ouvrage les auteurs montrent ... [more ▼]

Des spécialistes se sont réunis pour traiter dans un langage clair et dépourvu de technicité, les principales thématiques ayant trait à la médecine légale. Tout au long de l’ouvrage les auteurs montrent que la médecine légale trouve ici sa meilleure place, à savoir celle de jouer véritablement d’interface entre médecine et droit. En autres, les thèmes suivants sont abordés : - Les méthodes d’exploration des personnes décédées ; - La description des lésions ; - La balistique lésionnelle ; - Les accidents du trafic routier ; - La médecine légale clinique ; - Les effets des drogues sur la santé mentale ; - Le profilage criminel ; - Les scènes de crime ; - L’anthropologie médico-légale ; - Etc. [less ▲]

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See detail7. Pendant la Grossesse, est-il vrai que l'on peut boire jusqu'à deux verres d'alcool par jour ?
Charlier, Corinne ULg; DEVILLE, Marine ULg; DENOOZ, Raphael ULg

in Seutin, Vincent; Scuvée-Moreau, Jacqueline; Quertemont, Etienne (Eds.) L'alcool en questions (2015)

L’alcool remonte le moral. Une petite cuite n’a jamais tué personne. Boire un café atténue l’effet de l’alcool. Le binge drinking est un fléau nouveau… De nombreuses idées reçues, certaines fondées ... [more ▼]

L’alcool remonte le moral. Une petite cuite n’a jamais tué personne. Boire un café atténue l’effet de l’alcool. Le binge drinking est un fléau nouveau… De nombreuses idées reçues, certaines fondées, d’autres pas, sont véhiculées à propos de l’alcool et de ses conséquences. L’alcool soulève aussi de multiples questions : L’alcool est-il une drogue ? L’alcool est-il aphrodisiaque ? L’alcoolisme est-il héréditaire ? Combien l’alcool coûte/rapporte-t-il à la société ? Peut-on guérir de l’alcoolisme ?… Ce livre a pour but de démont(r)er certaines idées reçues sur l’alcool et d’apporter des réponses aux questions que chacun se pose. Les auteurs ne se bornent pas à répondre par vrai ou faux, ils fournissent les explications, appuyées sur l’état des connaissances scientifiques actuelles, qui permettent d’infirmer ou de confirmer ces idées reçues ou de répondre à ces questions. Ils nuancent le propos lorsque la réponse n’est pas de l’ordre du tout ou rien. Il est indéniable que l’excès d’alcool est nuisible à la santé. Il existe cependant une littérature scientifique démontrant des effets positifs sur la santé de la consommation en quantités modérées de certaines boissons alcoolisées. Ce mélange d’effets positifs et négatifs explique que le public a développé une relation d’amour-haine avec l’alcool. Ainsi, les abstinents complets sont parfois qualifiés de rabat-joie. Les alcooliques chroniques (5 à 10 % des occidentaux, selon les études épidémiologiques !) sont, quant à eux, souvent trop vite jugés. Ce qui est certain c’est que l’alcoolo-dépendance est source de beaucoup de souffrances pour la personne et son entourage. Ces 41 réponses à des questions sur l’alcool visent à donner des balises au lecteur, littérature scientifique à l’appui. [less ▲]

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See detailÀ propos de la régulation des établissements scolaires : analyse de deux dispositifs endogènes comme solution au problème de l'exclusion
Dethier, Baptiste ULg

in Beaumont, Claire; Galand, Benoît; Lucia, Sonia (Eds.) Les violences en milieu scolaire. Définir, prévenir, agir (2015)

Cette contribution présente les résultats de deux études de cas menées dans deux établissements d’enseignement secondaire situés en Belgique francophone. Ces deux écoles ont chacune mis en place un ... [more ▼]

Cette contribution présente les résultats de deux études de cas menées dans deux établissements d’enseignement secondaire situés en Belgique francophone. Ces deux écoles ont chacune mis en place un dispositif d’accrochage scolaire endogène dans le but de lutter plus efficacement contre le décrochage et la violence scolaires et d’offrir une solution au problème de l’exclusion provisoire ou définitive. Ces innovations locales proposent, de manière partielle ou totale, d’accueillir des élèves « en difficulté » et de leur fournir un accompagnement à la fois éducatif et pédagogique, tout en soulageant les enseignants et les autres élèves. La présence de ces jeunes au sein de dispositifs endogènes se veut provisoire et a donc comme objectif leur réintégration en classe, dans « les meilleures conditions possible ». Ce texte décrit des solutions concrètes visant à lutter contre des problèmes concrets tels que le décrochage, la violence ou encore l’absentéisme. À partir d’une démarche qualitative s’inscrivant dans la sociologie de l’action organisée (Friedberg, 1993), nous rendrons compte des acteurs impliqués dans ces projets, de leurs pratiques et des interactions par lesquelles ils les font fonctionner. Cette analyse nous permettra d’étudier, sous ce prisme particulier, la régulation organisationnelle locale. [less ▲]

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See detailEU Consumer Protection and Behavioural Sciences
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg; Helleringer, Geneviève

in Sibony, Anne-Lise; Alemano, Alberto (Eds.) Nudge and the Law: A European Perspective (2015)

In this chapter, we review the behavioural critique of EU consumer legislation and focus is on how behavioural insights are being incorporated or could realistically be incorporated in existing or new ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, we review the behavioural critique of EU consumer legislation and focus is on how behavioural insights are being incorporated or could realistically be incorporated in existing or new rules. Behavioural scholars sometimes present EU consumer law as archaic and counter-productive and this creates a diffuse view that a behavioural turn would constitute a revolution for EU consumer law. We do not subscribe to this view. We begin by putting the current legitimacy crisis of EU consumer law in perspective. Specifically, we explain why EU law evolved to be an apparent anti-model of behavioural regulation and discuss whether the internal market constraints that still exist prevent a behavioural turn. We conclude that they do not. We illustrate this claim in relation to disclosure mandates. The central feature of disclosure mandates in EU consumer law has been severely criticised in the light of behavioural findings. We agree that they are over-used but find that disclosure mandates, as a technique, can still serve a useful purpose and suggest how their use can be streamlined. We also point out that recent developments tend to make disclosures smarter and point to directions to pursue this evolution. Finally, we turn to the core message of behavioural insights to policy makers: ‘make it simple’ and analyse how it has been received in EU consumer law beyond the specific issue of disclosure. We find evidence of an intention to simplify which predates the current commitment of the Commission to make simplification a priority, but highlight that efforts to simplify have led to half-baked solutions that are not simple enough. We conclude that EU consumer law does not need a revolution but a continued reform and that it contains the seeds of a more behavioural approach. [less ▲]

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See detailDescription du manuscrit
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Le Journal d'Antoine Galland (1646-1715). La période parisienne. Vol. III (1712-1713) (2015)

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See detailLes récits pour la jeunesse: des choix d'écriture qui en font de nouveaux "lieux de mémoire"
Delbrassine, Daniel ULg

in Dumortier, Jean-Louis; Granata, Veronica; Raxhon, Philippe (Eds.) et al Devoir de mémoire et pouvoir des fictions (2015)

Analyse des choix narratifs en usage dans la littérature pour la jeunesse sur les deux guerres mondiales. Démonstration de sa fonction mémorielle à travers ces choix.

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See detailComputational modeling under uncertainty: challenges and opportunities
Gomez-Cabrero, David; Geris, Liesbet ULg

in Modeling under uncertainty: a computational modeling approach (2015)

Computational Biology has increasingly become an important tool for biomedical and translational research. In particular, when generating novel hypothesis despite fundamental uncertainties in data and ... [more ▼]

Computational Biology has increasingly become an important tool for biomedical and translational research. In particular, when generating novel hypothesis despite fundamental uncertainties in data and mechanistic understanding of biological processes underpinning diseases. While in the present book, we have reviewed the necessary background and existing novel methodologies that set the basis for dealing with uncertainty, there are still many “grey”, or less well-defined, areas of investigations offering both challenges and opportunities. This final chapter in the book provides some reflections on those areas, namely: (1) the need for novel robust mathematical and statistical methodologies to generate hypothesis under uncertainty; (2) the challenge of aligning those methodologies in a context that requires larger computational resources; (3) the accessibility of modeling tools for less mathematical literate researchers; and (4) the integration of models with –omics data and its application in clinical environments. [less ▲]

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See detailLos portafolios : Hacia una evaluacion mas integrada y coherente con el concepto de desempeno complejo
Poumay, Marianne ULg; Maillart, Christelle ULg

in Leclercq, Dieudonné; Cabrera, Alvaro (Eds.) Innovaciones en Dispositivos de Evaluacion de los Aprendizajes en la ensenanza Superior. (2015)

Le présent chapitre prend résolument le parti du témoignage et construit sur l’expérience des auteures. Il choisit quelques référents théoriques, qu’il illustre ensuite par deux expériences ciblées, l’une ... [more ▼]

Le présent chapitre prend résolument le parti du témoignage et construit sur l’expérience des auteures. Il choisit quelques référents théoriques, qu’il illustre ensuite par deux expériences ciblées, l’une chez les étudiants en logopédie/orthophonie et l’autre chez les étudiants en pédagogie de l’enseignement supérieur, deux programmes de l’Université de Liège. Il conclut sur quelques réflexions et perspectives. [less ▲]

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See detailPenser par le milieu, cultiver l'équivocation
Despret, Vinciane ULg

in Büttgen, Phillipe; Gendreau-Massaloux, Michèle; North, Xavier (Eds.) Les pluriels de Barbara Cassin, ou le partage des équivoques (2015)

« Gorgias, écrivait Barbara Cassin, montre comment le Poème de Parménide, loin de partir, comme il le prétend, d'un “il y a” de être (esti : es gibt Sein, dit Heidegger), fabrique bien plutôt l'être en le ... [more ▼]

« Gorgias, écrivait Barbara Cassin, montre comment le Poème de Parménide, loin de partir, comme il le prétend, d'un “il y a” de être (esti : es gibt Sein, dit Heidegger), fabrique bien plutôt l'être en le disant, le fait être ; on ne va pas de l'être au dire de l'être, en toute fidélité et adéquation, mais, à l'inverse, l'être est un effet de dire, un produit du poème, la conséquence d'une performance discursive. C'est de là que je suis repartie. » Au cœur de sa réflexion sur la performativité du langage se déploie, chez Cassin, la question de l’efficace créatif de la traduction. Cette question peut être mise en rapport avec la notion développée par l’anthropologue Eduardo Viveiros de Castro sous le terme d’« équivocation ». Traduire, dit-il, c’est présumer qu’une équivocation existe toujours ; c’est communiquer par différences, différences dans sa langue — sous le même terme, quantité de choses peuvent revendiquer répondre de ce terme—, différences dans la langue de l’autre, et différences dans l’opération même de traduction— car les deux équivocités ne sont pas superposables. C’est ce qui conduit Viveiros de Castro à dire que « la comparaison est au service de la traduction », et non l’inverse. On ne traduit pas pour comparer, on compare à la seule fin de réussir à traduire. Et on compare des différences, des équivoques, des homonymes. L’équivocation est, en ce sens, le déploiement des versions. Dans une traduction, explique Cassin, non seulement chaque terme et chaque opération syntaxique de la langue source peuvent recevoir plusieurs sens, mais ils vont être traduits, dans la langue d’arrivée par des termes et des opérateurs syntaxiques qui, eux-mêmes, peuvent en avoir plusieurs. La version cultive ces divergences et ces bifurcations, de manière contrôlée— mais comme on dit que marcher est une manière contrôlée de tomber. Cette pratique de l’équivocation comme volonté de maintien de la contradiction est à l’œuvre dans les travaux les plus divers de la philosophe. Je m’attacherai plus particulièrement à la partie plus littéraire de ceux-ci. Au départ de la nouvelle « Les mots de tous les jours et l’orchidée de la nuit », que je mettrai en rapport avec une analyse de la thématique de la transmission, de l’identité et du deuil proposée par le psychanalyste Jean Allouch, je souhaiterais dégager les effets pragmatiques et féconds d’une traduction assumant et cultivant la possibilité de faire tenir des traductions divergentes et contradictoires d’un même énoncé. [less ▲]

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See detailNigerian migrants, Nollywood videos and the emergence of an ‘anti-humanitarian’ representation of migration in Italian cinema
Jedlowski, Alessandro ULg

in Bond, Emma (Ed.) Destination Italy: Representing Migration in Contemporary Media and Narrative (2015)

This paper looks at migration and the politics of representation in contemporary Italian cinema by comparing one of the Nigerian videos recently produced in Italy, Akpegi Boys (2009), directed by Vincent ... [more ▼]

This paper looks at migration and the politics of representation in contemporary Italian cinema by comparing one of the Nigerian videos recently produced in Italy, Akpegi Boys (2009), directed by Vincent Omoigui and Simone Sandretti, with two recent Italian films which portray the experience of Nigerian migrants in Italy, Marco and Antonio Manetti’s Torino Boys (1997), and Enrico Verra’s Sotto il Sole Nero (2004). Interestingly enough both films take, implicitly and explicitly, Nigerian videos as a narrative and aesthetic reference in order to build an innovative representation of Nigerian migrants in Italy, thus positioning themselves in an original position vis-à-vis the growing corpus of Italian films about migration emerged over the past two decades. As this paper argues, these three films allow us to identify the emergence of what could be defined as an “anti-humanitarian” representation of migration. By defining their attitude as anti-humanitarian, I do not intend to mean that these films assume a negative or derogatory perspective on migration. On the contrary, what I intend to highlight is that these are films that, by using a number of specific narrative and aesthetic strategies such as, among others, the reference to Nollywood commercial and exploitation filmmaking style, make an attempt to go beyond the binary representation that much debate on migration in Italy implicitly embraces, a representation according to which the migrant is either seen as an invader or as a victim. By playing with cultural references that belong to the contemporary cultural universe of Nigerian migrants themselves, these films suggest the possibility of building a bridge between the diverging ways in which Italians and (in this case Nigerian) migrants look at migration. This encounter has the potential of helping Italian directors and intellectuals in deconstructing their hegemonic gaze on migrants and migration phenomena, and has the possibility to inaugurate an healthy as much as needed process of decentralization and provincialization of singularly “Italian” perspectives on migration in Italy. [less ▲]

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Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Le Journal d'Antoine Galland (1646-1715). La période parisienne. Vol. IV (1714-1715) (2015)

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See detailLearning for social-ecological resilience: conceptual overview and key findings
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULg

in Diepart, Jean-Christophe (Ed.) Learning for resilience: Insights from Cambodia’s rural communities (2015)

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See detailChapter 4 : Human Exposure of Bisphenol A : Review of the Urinary Levels in the General Population
PIRARD, Catherine ULg; Charlier, Corinne ULg

in Gibert, Yann (Ed.) Bisphenol A : Sources, Risks of Environmental Exposure and Human Health Effects (2015)

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See detailAmorale, immoral, froide ou cynique? La violence dans 'Cartouche', de Nellie Campobello
Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg

in Dumortier, Jean-Louis; Granata, Veronica; Raxhon, Philippe (Eds.) et al Devoir de mémoire et pouvoir des fictions (2015)

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See detailAmorphous phase change materials: Structure, stability and relation with their crystalline phase
Raty, Jean-Yves ULg; Otjacques, C.; Peköz, R. et al

in Massobrio, Carlo; Jincheng, Du; Bernasconi, Marco (Eds.) et al Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Disordered Materials (2015)

PhaseChange Materials should be stable enough in their amorphous phase to achieve a durable data retention, however they should also be bad glass formers to be able to recrystallise at high speed. To ... [more ▼]

PhaseChange Materials should be stable enough in their amorphous phase to achieve a durable data retention, however they should also be bad glass formers to be able to recrystallise at high speed. To understand these contradicting properties, we construct models of amorphous Ge–Sb–Te systems using Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics and analyse the structures in relationwith the relevant crystalline state.We show that structural patterns that are precursors of the crystalline phase exist in the amorphous state and we identify the signature of the various types of local atomic orders in the X-ray absorption spectra that we compute using Density Functional Theory. We first analyse the mechanical properties of the amorphous phase in the framework of the Maxwell rigidity theory, showing that all efficient Phase Change Materials deviate from the perfect glass and are mechanically stressed-rigid. Additionally, we show that the stability of Phase Change Materials is related to the density of lowfrequency vibrational modes (Boson peak).We describe howan adequate doping can result in an increased stability of the amorphous phase while keeping intact the phase change ability of the material. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015. [less ▲]

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See detailMethods to Assess the Activation of the Alternative (Noncanonical) NF-kappaB Pathway by Non-death TNF Receptors.
Remouchamps, Caroline ULg; Dejardin, Emmanuel ULg

in NF-kappa B: Methods and Protocols (2015)

The alternative or noncanonical NF-kappaB pathway regulates the generation of p52-containing NF-kappaB dimers (e.g., p52/RelB) through a partial degradation (called processing) of the precursor p100 into ... [more ▼]

The alternative or noncanonical NF-kappaB pathway regulates the generation of p52-containing NF-kappaB dimers (e.g., p52/RelB) through a partial degradation (called processing) of the precursor p100 into p52. This pathway is activated by a subset of non-death TNF receptor members, which ultimately activate two kinases: NIK (NF-kappaB-Inducing Kinase) and IKKalpha (Inhibitor of kappaB Kinase alpha). These kinases create a phosphodegron for the E3 ligase SCF-beta-TrCP that covalently binds K48-linked polyubiquitin chain onto p100 prior to its proteasomal processing. The resulting p52-containing complexes translocate into the nucleus to activate target genes involved in secondary lymphoid organ development, B cell survival or in osteoclastogenesis.We describe in this chapter straightforward methods to monitor the activation of the alternative NF-kappaB pathway. These methods uncover cytosolic and nuclear biochemical modifications of key proteins of the alternative NF-kappaB pathway required prior to the transcription of NF-kappaB target genes. [less ▲]

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See detailOf Invisible Men and Native Sons: Male Characters in Caryl Phillips's Fiction
Ledent, Bénédicte ULg

in Horlacher, Stefan (Ed.) Configuring Masculinity in Theory and Literary Practice (2015)

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See detailIntroduction
Gauvry, Charlotte ULg

in Dewalque, Arnaud; Gauvry, Charlotte (Eds.) Conscience et représentation. Controverses récentes en philosophie de l'esprit (2015)

Introduction au volume

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See detailLe Code de droit économique: présentation générale
Thirion, Nicolas ULg

in Thirion, Nicolas (Ed.) Le Code de droit économique: principales innovations (2015)

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