References of "Contribution to collective works"
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See detailLe financement des politiques publiques en Belgique
Bourgeois, Marc ULg; Traversa, Edoardo

in Leroy, Marc; Orsoni, Gilbert (Eds.) Le financement des politiques publiques (2014)

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See detailULTIMATE STRENGTH - Discussion on Committee ISSC2012's report
Rigo, Philippe ULg

in Fricke, Wolfgang; Bronsart, Robert (Eds.) PROCEEDINGS OF THE 18TH INTERNATIONAL SHIP AND OFFSHORE STRUCTURES CONGRESS - VOLUME 3 (2014)

Concern for the ductile behavior of ships and o shore structures and their structural components under ultimate conditions. Attention shall be given to the influence of fabrication imperfections and in ... [more ▼]

Concern for the ductile behavior of ships and o shore structures and their structural components under ultimate conditions. Attention shall be given to the influence of fabrication imperfections and in-service damage and degradation on reserve strength. Uncertainties in strength models for design shall be highlighted. [less ▲]

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See detailUn témoignage sur les éclegmes: PSI 6.718
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Boehm, Isabelle; Rousseau, Nathalie (Eds.) L'expressivité du lexique médical en Grèce et à Rome. Hommages à Françoise Skoda (2014)

Édité à deux reprises, le PSI 6.718 (Hermopolis, première moitié du IVe siècle de notre ère, parchemin, 5,6 x 7,7 cm) conserve les restes d'un recueil de nature géoponique, dont la troisième recette ... [more ▼]

Édité à deux reprises, le PSI 6.718 (Hermopolis, première moitié du IVe siècle de notre ère, parchemin, 5,6 x 7,7 cm) conserve les restes d'un recueil de nature géoponique, dont la troisième recette, jamais vraiment élucidée jusqu'ici, est en réalité relative à un éclegme. Après avoir réédité la recette, on s'interroge sur ce type de médicament, sur les mots grecs et latins qui le désignent, sur son utilisation dans le monde gréco-romain, ainsi que sur son histoire. [less ▲]

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See detailPoint de vue sur les difficultés de l'électroneuromyogramme en pathologie du pied
WANG, François-Charles ULg

in BOUYSSET, Maurice; DELMI, Marino; MORVAN, Gérard (Eds.) Le Pied et la Cheville : de la clinique aux examens complémentaires (2014)

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See detailPhysical Education Stimulating a Healthy Lifestyle and Critical Sports Consumption in Belgium
De Martelaer, Kristine; Seghers, Jan; Cardon, Greet et al

in Chin, Ming-Kai; Edginton, Christopher (Eds.) Physical Education and Health Global Perspectives and Best Practice (2014)

In this chapter, the authors describe the situation and challenges of Physical Education (PE) in Flanders and Wallonia in order to encourage young people to adopt a healthy lifestyle and to become ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, the authors describe the situation and challenges of Physical Education (PE) in Flanders and Wallonia in order to encourage young people to adopt a healthy lifestyle and to become critical sports consumers. In school-age children, about one out of six has problems with obesity/overweight. Compared with earlier measurements there is a trend of increasing sedentary time per day and not enough physical activity (PA) to reach international norms. Girls can be definitely considered as a public at risk regarding the physical activity component of their healthy lifestyle. In recent years, the emphasis has shifted from motor- and/or physical-testing towards the development of a positive attitude towards physical activity and being socially engaged. The main concern of the course-specific final attainment levels is teaching how to deal with the current movement culture of games, sports, fitness, and daily activity. In both regions, it is expected that children are taught to transfer movement and personally-related competencies learned in PE to other contexts. Initiatives to develop and enhance links between PE and other opportunities to be physically active in the wider community are receiving more attention during the last few years, but the situation is still far from ideal. Because of the complex role of promoting a healthy lifestyle during PE and in the whole school, there is a need to educate teachers during their teacher training and lifelong education on how to provide relevant choices, satisfying the need for autonomy. [less ▲]

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See detailLa médecine alexandrine
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Méla, Charles; Möri, Frédéric (Eds.) Alexandrie la Divine (2014)

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See detailCodex de Nicétas
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Méla, Charles; Möri, Frédéric (Eds.) Alexandrie la Divine (2014)

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See detailLa question de l'interface entre les sciences égyptiennes et grecques
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg; Aufrère, Sidney H.

in Méla, Charles; Möri, Frédéric (Eds.) Alexandrie la Divine (2014)

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See detailRegional cerebral metabolic patterns demonstrate the role of anterior forebrain mesocircuit dysfunction in the severely injured brain
Fridman, Esteban A; Beattie, Bradley J; Broft, Allegra et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2014)

Although disorders of consciousness (DOCs) demonstrate widely varying clinical presentations and patterns of structural injury, global down-regulation and bilateral reductions in metabolism of the ... [more ▼]

Although disorders of consciousness (DOCs) demonstrate widely varying clinical presentations and patterns of structural injury, global down-regulation and bilateral reductions in metabolism of the thalamus and frontoparietal network are consistent findings. We test the hypothesis that global reductions of background synaptic activity in DOCs will associate with changes in the pattern of metabolic activity in the central thalamus and globus pallidus. We compared 32 [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose PETs obtained from severely brain-injured patients (BIs) and 10 normal volunteers (NVs). We defined components of the anterior forebrain mesocircuit on high-resolution T1-MRI (ventral, associative, and sensorimotor striatum; globus pallidus; central thalamus and noncentral thalamus). Metabolic profiles for BI and NV demonstrated distinct changes in the pattern of uptake: ventral and association striatum (but not sensorimotor) were significantly reduced relative to global mean uptake after BI; a relative increase in globus pallidus metabolism was evident in BI subjects who also showed a relative reduction of metabolism in the central thalamus. The reversal of globus pallidus and central thalamus profiles across BIs and NVs supports the mesocircuit hypothesis that broad functional (or anatomic) deafferentation may combine to reduce central thalamus activity and release globus pallidus activity in DOCs. In addition, BI subjects showed broad frontoparietal metabolic down-regulation consistent with prior studies supporting the link between central thalamic/pallidal metabolism and down-regulation of the frontoparietal network. Recovery of left hemisphere frontoparietal metabolic activity was further associated with command following. [less ▲]

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See detailLe droit des obligations et du crédit (2011-2014)
Biquet, Christine ULg; Delforge, Cécile ULg; Lousberg, Esther ULg et al

in Leleu, Yves-Henri (Ed.) Chroniques notariales (2014)

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See detailDeux théories de l'analyse psychique: Wundt et Brentano
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Niveleau, Charles-Edouard (Ed.) Vers une philosophie scientifique. Le programme de Brentano (2014)

L’objectif de ce chapitre est de réévaluer succinctement les relations entre la phénoménologie et la psychologie expérimentale naissantes à partir des positions de Franz Brentano et de Wilhelm Wundt ... [more ▼]

L’objectif de ce chapitre est de réévaluer succinctement les relations entre la phénoménologie et la psychologie expérimentale naissantes à partir des positions de Franz Brentano et de Wilhelm Wundt. Contrairement à une idée reçue, je suggère, d’une part, que les programmes analytiques de Brentano et de Wundt reposent tous deux sur un procédé expérimental consistant à faire varier les parties des phénomènes psychiques étudiés. Mais je suggère aussi, d’autre part, que les théories de l’analyse psychique défendues par Wundt et Brentano diffèrent sur plusieurs points essentiels – le plus manifeste étant que l’analyse brentanienne considère les actes (et non les sensations) comme éléments ou unités psychiques de référence. [less ▲]

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See detailLes reliques des saints à la une : piété & dévotion, scandales, art & histoire.
George, Philippe ULg

in George, Philippe (Ed.) Reliques & reliquaires. L'émotion du sacré. Catalogue de l'exposition du Musée d'art religieux de Fourvière-Lyon (2014)

Introduction générale au Catalogue de l'expoisition (21 mars-1er juillet 2014)

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See detailLa portée politique du prophétisme. L'exemple du kimbanguisme
Melice, Anne ULg

in M'Bokolo, Elikia; Sabakinu, Kivilu (Eds.) Simon Kimbangu, le prophète de la libération de l'homme noir. Tome I (2014)

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See detailLa pauvreté chez les indépendants : aperçu
Van Rossem, Ronan; Foubert, Joséphine; Van Caillie, Didier ULg

in Pannecoucke, Isabelle; Lahaye, Willy; Vranken, Jan (Eds.) et al Pauvreté en Belgique - Annuaire Fédéral 2014 (2014)

This chapter is a part of the Federal Compendium 2014 "Poverty in Belgium". It deals for the first time with the problem of poverty amongst self-employed people, showing first the statistical magnitude of ... [more ▼]

This chapter is a part of the Federal Compendium 2014 "Poverty in Belgium". It deals for the first time with the problem of poverty amongst self-employed people, showing first the statistical magnitude of the problem and exploring then, from a qualitative analysis, the main causes and managerial errors leading a self-employed people to poverty. [less ▲]

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See detailLe renversement du monde dans le message de Simon Kimbangu
Sarró, Ramon; Melice, Anne ULg

in M'Bokolo, Elikia; Sabakinu, Kivilu (Eds.) Simon Kimbangu, le prophète de la libération de l'homme noir. Tome II (2014)

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See detailRegional, Interregional and Global Arrangements and Multilateral Organizations
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Telò, Mario (Ed.) Globalization, Multilateralism, Europe. Towards a Better Global Governance? (2014)

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See detailQui est Georges Simenon?
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Baradel, Anne (Ed.) Simenon. Reporter-photographe. 1931-1935. De la Belgique à la Turquie (2014)

Présentation générale de la vie et de la carrière littéraire de Georges Simenon.

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See detailDe la réflexion à l’action : regard croisé transfrontalier d’une démarche de santé mentale
Fond-Harmant, Laurence; Absil, Gaëtan ULg

in Fond-Harmant, Laurence; Fond-Harmant, Laurence (Eds.) Prévention et promotion de la santé mentale : une alliance transfrontalière innovante (2014)

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See detail"views" of the city : Lumière films as an indifferent mirror of the collective
Servais, Christine ULg

in Lopez-Varela, Asuncion (Ed.) Cityscapes: world cities and their cultural industries (2014)

When, at the very end of the 19th century the brothers Auguste and Louis Lumière began to develop their cinematograph business, the company dispatched its operators throughout the world, set up a system ... [more ▼]

When, at the very end of the 19th century the brothers Auguste and Louis Lumière began to develop their cinematograph business, the company dispatched its operators throughout the world, set up a system for producing copies of films and circulating them across the globe. Many films were named after streets, bridges, plazas, intersections, monuments, etc., and were categorised as “Views”. I distinguish here “views of” and “views on” the cities, so that we can describe the relationship between public space and geographical space. I approach this corpus via two dimensions. The first has to do with the relationship to the self that is offered to the social group through the images themselves: for the first time, public space and collective life are represented in the form of “a neutral mirror” of daily life, bearing the mark of the real. The second dimension concerns the overall setup of representation: spectators were in a sense “seeing themselves” as a group for the first time. Finally I will ask to what extent these views of/on the city and its collective life, produced in this way for public projection and mass exhibition, have changed the relationship of spectators to their own collective life space. [less ▲]

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See detailL'article 263, alinéa 4, du traité FUE : une modification des conditions de recevabilité du recours en annulation sans (véritables) conséquences
Wildemeersch, Jonathan ULg

in Mahieu,, Stéphanie (Ed.) Contentieux de l'Union européenne, questions choisies (2014)

Avec le traité de Lisbonne, l'article 263 du traité sur le fonctionnement de l'Union européenne a été modifié et l'accessibilité des personnes physiques ou morales au contentieux de l'annulation élargie ... [more ▼]

Avec le traité de Lisbonne, l'article 263 du traité sur le fonctionnement de l'Union européenne a été modifié et l'accessibilité des personnes physiques ou morales au contentieux de l'annulation élargie. Avec sa contribution, l'auteur examine l'application concrète de ces nouvelles conditions par les juridictions de l'Union. Il propose en outre une analyse de l'interprétation choisie en la confrontant à la jurisprudence antérieure et aux critiques doctrinales. [less ▲]

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See detailLa paradoja de la literatura de la migración latinoamericana contemporánea: algunas reflexiones a partir de la obra de Juan Carlos Méndez Guédez
Berlage, Pauline ULg

in Giuliani, L; Trapassi, L.; Martos, J. (Eds.) Lejos es aquí. Far Away is Here (2014)

¿cómo definir el campo de estudio de la literatura de la migración hispanoamericana? ¿Cuál sería la validez de tal “corriente”? ¿Acaso no se podrían definir todas las producciones literarias ... [more ▼]

¿cómo definir el campo de estudio de la literatura de la migración hispanoamericana? ¿Cuál sería la validez de tal “corriente”? ¿Acaso no se podrían definir todas las producciones literarias contemporáneas como una literatura transnacional?Basándome en la obra del escritor venezolano español Juan Carlos Méndez Guédez, éstas son las preguntas y reflexiones que me he planteado en cuanto a la validez y al abanico de posibilidades que abre el concepto de literatura de la migración latinoamericana. Mi objetivo aquí es ir más allá del debate terminológico que discute la etiqueta correcta para caracterizar esta literatura y destacar algunas de las numerosas cuestiones que suscita. [less ▲]

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See detailSuivi et gestion des populations d'essences commerciales. Protection des espèces sensibles et viabilité écologique de l'exploitation.
Sépulchre, Frédéric; Federspiel, Michèle; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg

in Bühler, Arthur; Demenois, Julien; Doucet, Jean-Louis (Eds.) et al Etudes sur le plan pratique de l'aménagement des forêts naturelles de production tropicales africaines. Volet 4: Gestion durable et préconisations en vue de la certification. (2014)

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See detailIdentification des zones d'intérêt écologique dans les concessions d'exploitation forestière. Concilier les objectifs de production de bois d'oeuvre avec la conservation de la biodiversité.
Sépulchre, Frédéric; Federspiel, Michèle; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg

in Bühler, Arthur; Demenois, Julien; Doucet, Jean-Louis (Eds.) et al Etudes sur le plan pratique de l'aménagement des forêts naturelles de production tropicales africaines. Volet 4: Gestion durable et préconisations en vue de la certification. (2014)

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See detailLandesbeitrag Belgien : Wesen und Gestalt der Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit in Belgien
Behrendt, Christian ULg

in von Bogdandy, Armin; Grabenwarter, Christoph; Huber, Peter M. (Eds.) Ius Publicum Europaeum - Band VI - Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit (2014)

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See detailRoberto Saviano et le mythe du héros. Les critiques de Gomorra et la criminalité organisée en Italie
De Biase, Marco ULg

in Zamora, Daniel (Ed.) Cinéma et politique (2014)

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See detailLa Communauté germanophone et la Sixième Réforme de l'Etat
Behrendt, Christian ULg; Vrancken, Martin ULg

in Stangherlin, Katrin; Förster, Stephan (Eds.) La Communauté germanophone de Belgique (2006-2014) (2014)

La présente contribution tente de fournir un aperçu de l'impact que la Sixième réforme de l'Etat va avoir sur la situation institutionnelle et les compétences de la Communauté germanophone.

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See detailLymphangiogenesis
Paupert, Jenny ULg; Noël, Agnès ULg

in MacGraw-Hill Education Year Book of Sciences and Technology 2014 (2014)

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See detailThe Breakthrough of Social Enterprise: Conceptual Clarifications
Defourny, Jacques ULg; Nyssens, Marthe

in Alix, Nicole; de Nanteuil, Matthieu (Eds.) For an Economy of Trust in Europe: the Contribution of the Social and Solidarity Economy (2014)

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See detailLa texture des aliments: de l'évaluation à la mastication
Blecker, Christophe ULg; Peyron, Marie-Agnès

in Lavelle, Christophe (Ed.) Science culinaire - Matière, procédés, dégustation (2014)

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See detailLa totalité en science et en art
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Dondero, Maria Giulia; Beyaert-Geslin, Anne (Eds.) Arts et sciences. Approches sémiotiques et philosophiques des images (2014)

Mon étude vise à explorer la notion de totalité en sciences mathématiques et en art afin d’éclaircir le rôle de la perception dans les deux domaines. J’aborderai dans un premier temps la conception de ... [more ▼]

Mon étude vise à explorer la notion de totalité en sciences mathématiques et en art afin d’éclaircir le rôle de la perception dans les deux domaines. J’aborderai dans un premier temps la conception de démonstration visuelle en réfléchissant sur les notions d’hypoicône et de diagramme selon la philosophie mathématique de C.S. Peirce, pour ensuite tester ces notions dans un autre champ, celui des oeuvres d’art (peinture, sculpture, art environnemental). Si dans l’art comme dans les mathématiques, chaque trait appartenant à une configuration visuelle participe d’une totalité et doit occuper la bonne place pour que la totalité puisse fonctionner en tant que telle, la différence est que la totalité est démontable et répétable en mathématiques tandis que dans l’art pictural elle est normalement considérée comme définitive, unique et sacralisée a priori. Dans cet article j'étudie également de formes de totalité plus complexes (sculpture et art environnemental) où la totalité est à construire a posteriori. [less ▲]

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See detailEau et changement climatique. Tendances et perceptions en Afrique de l’Ouest
Ozer, Pierre ULg; Perrin, Dominique ULg

in Ballouche, Aziz; Taïbi, Nuscia Aude (Eds.) Eau, milieux et aménagement. Une recherche au service des territoires (2014)

L’Afrique de l’Ouest, plus spécifiquement sa frange semi-aride que constitue le Sahel, a connu, au cours de ces dernières décennies, deux crises majeures de sécheresse presque contiguës dans les années ... [more ▼]

L’Afrique de l’Ouest, plus spécifiquement sa frange semi-aride que constitue le Sahel, a connu, au cours de ces dernières décennies, deux crises majeures de sécheresse presque contiguës dans les années 1970 et 1980. Cependant, depuis les années 1990, les tendances pluviométriques montrent globalement un retour vers des moyennes antérieures aux années 1970. Toutefois, cette amélioration des totaux pluviométriques annuels semble être partiellement le fait d’une intensité des pluies plus importante et il appert que la longueur de la saison des pluies évolue peu par rapport aux décennies de sécheresse. Par ailleurs, depuis la moitié du XXe siècle, la population sahélienne a plus que quadruplé et les prévisions pour 2050 avancent un facteur de croissance de l’ordre de dix. Les taux de croissance urbaine sont encore plus impressionnants et entraînent chaque jour d’importants bouleversements environnementaux. Une telle pression anthropique sur des ressources fragiles engendre un déboisement incontrôlé pour satisfaire les besoins en énergie des populations, la demande en bois d’œuvre et l’expansion agricole. En outre, le cheptel toujours plus nombreux et devant se satisfaire de parcours continuellement réduits engendre un surpâturage. Le tout provoque donc une dégradation de la couverture végétale du sol ainsi qu’une diminution globale des rendements des cultures. Dans le même temps, les études réalisées auprès de communautés locales et de décideurs en Afrique de l’Ouest montrent que la pauvre santé du cheptel, la réduction des rendements céréaliers, l’augmentation de la fréquence des inondations dans certaines villes et la dégradation des moyens d’existence sont le plus souvent attribués au changement climatique. Cet article fait le point sur les connaissances actuelles des variations pluviométriques passées et à venir ; ainsi que sur les perceptions des impacts du « changement climatique » en Afrique de l’Ouest. Ainsi, les famines récurrentes au Niger en 2005, 2009, 2011 et 2012 sont-elles dues au réchauffement climatique ? Les inondations, le plus souvent en zone urbaine, résultent-elles spécifiquement d’une augmentation des événements pluviométriques extrêmes ? Nous concluons sur une analyse des politiques nationales et internationales menées actuellement en Afrique de l’Ouest en termes d’adaptation aux impacts du changement climatique. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropeesrechtelijke aspecten inzake BTW
Peeters, Bart ULg

in Vandebergh, Henri (Ed.) BTW-Handboek (2014)

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See detailUnemployment and underemployment in Rwandan rural areas
Musabanganji, Edouard ULg; Rukundo, Johnson Bosco

in Mihyo, Paschal B. (Ed.) Employment policies and unemployment in Eastern and Southern Africa (2014)

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See detailCorneosurfametry and corneoxenometry.
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; Franchimont, Claudine ULg; REGINSTER, Marie-Annick ULg

in Berardesca, Enzo; Wilhelm, K.P.; Maibach, H.I. (Eds.) Non invasive diagnostic techniques in clinical dermatology. (2014)

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See detailIn silico biology of bone regeneration inside calcium phosphate scaffolds
Carlier, Aurélie ULg; Van Oosterwyck, Hans; Geris, Liesbet ULg

in Tissue Engineering: Computer Modeling, Biofabrication and Cell Behavior (2014)

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See detailNail surface topography and onychochronobiology.
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; Franchimont, Claudine ULg

in Berardesca, E.; Wilhelm, K.P.; Maibach, H.I. (Eds.) Non invasive diagnostic techniques in clinical dermatology. (2014)

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See detailHand dermometrology
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; Pierard, Sébastien ULg; Franchimont, Claudine ULg et al

in Alikhan, A.; Lachapelle, J.M.; Maibach, M.I. (Eds.) Textbook of hand eczema. (2014)

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See detailBelgian heterosexual attitudes toward homosexual couples and families.
D'Amore, Salvatore ULg; Green, Robert-Jay; Scali, Thérèse ULg et al

in Pereira, Henrique; Costa, Pedro (Eds.) Coming-out for LBBT. Psychology in the current international scenario. (2014)

In Belgium, marriage and adoption for gays and lesbians are legal since respectively 2003 and 2006. Despite the legalization, public opinion is still not unanimous and some heterosexuals continue to ... [more ▼]

In Belgium, marriage and adoption for gays and lesbians are legal since respectively 2003 and 2006. Despite the legalization, public opinion is still not unanimous and some heterosexuals continue to disapprove those families. This study aims at examining the correlated variables of positive and negative attitudes toward same-sex marriage and same-sex parenting. Attitudes were assessed through self-report questionnaires in a cohort of 3663 heterosexual participants that are resident in Belgium, 47% Females, 53% males aged from 18 to 61. It is hypothesized that correlates of positive attitudes toward SSM and GLP will be associated with female gender, lower religiosity, liberal political ideology, and higher education and socioeconomic status. Results suggest that females are significantly more favorable than males toward same-sex marriage. People aged between 18 and 25 are significantly more favorable than older age groups. Atheists/agnostics are significantly more favorable than all religious groups. Left-wing individuals are significantly more favorable than right-wing. Females are significantly more favorable than males toward same-sex parents. These preliminary results seem to confirm our hypothesis and underline the interest of this study. [less ▲]

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See detailCe que Sartre fait à la négritude. Archéologie d'un discours francodoxe
Provenzano, François ULg

in Imorou, Abdoulaye (Ed.) La littérature africaine francophone. Mesures d’une présence au monde (2014)

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See detailHeuristique des frontières
Molina Marmol, Maïté ULg

in Gotovitch, José; Schreiber, Jean-Philippe (Eds.) Anne Morelli, la passion d'agir. Engagement, liberté, fidélité. (2014)

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See detailTransfer across the air-sea interface
Garbe; Rutgersson, Anna; Boutin, Jacqueline et al

in Liss, Peter; Johnson, Martin (Eds.) Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions of Gases and Particles (2014)

The efficiency of transfer of gases and particles across the air-sea interface is controlled by several physical, biological and chemical processes in the atmosphere and water which are described here ... [more ▼]

The efficiency of transfer of gases and particles across the air-sea interface is controlled by several physical, biological and chemical processes in the atmosphere and water which are described here (including waves, large- and small-scale turbulence, bubbles, sea spray, rain and surface films). For a deeper understanding of relevant transport mechanisms, several models have been developed, ranging from conceptual models to numerical models. Most frequently the transfer is described by various functional dependencies of the wind speed, but more detailed descriptions need additional information. The study of gas transfer mechanisms uses a variety of experimental methods ranging from laboratory studies to carbon budgets, mass balance methods, micrometeorological techniques and thermographic techniques. Different methods resolve the transfer at different scales of time and space; this is important to take into account when comparing different results. Air-sea transfer is relevant in a wide range of applications, for example, local and regional fluxes, global models, remote sensing and computations of global inventories. The sensitivity of global models to the description of transfer velocity is limited; it is however likely that the formulations are more important when the resolution increases and other processes in models are improved. For global flux estimates using inventories or remote sensing products the accuracy of the transfer formulation as well as the accuracy of the wind field is crucial. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction
Cormann, Grégory ULg; Feron, Olivier

in Cormann, Grégory; Feron, Olivier (Eds.) Question anthropologique et phénoménologie. Autour du travail de Daniel Giovannangeli (2014)

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See detailActualité du transcendantal en physique
Bouquiaux, Laurence ULg

in Questions anthropologiques et phénoménologiques. Autour du travail de Daniel Giovannangeli (2014)

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See detailApparitions, disparitions. Vers une histoire des pratiques d’édition en Belgique
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Varry, Dominique (Ed.) 50 ans d'histoire du livre : 1958-2008 (2014)

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See detailLes MARC's
Balon, Françoise; Nyssen, Anne-Sophie ULg

in Larcier (Ed.) Les modes Alternatifs de Règlement des conflits (2014)

Les Modes Alternatifs de Règlement des Conflits

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See detailGoûts, dégoûts et savoir-vivre : Histoire d'un silence
Von Hoffmann, Viktoria ULg

in Delfosse, Annick; Glesener, Thomas (Eds.) Lire, écrire et éduquer à la Renaissance. Mélanges en l'honneur du Professeur Franz Bierlaire (2014)

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See detail"Passer la ligne" : La rencontre de Fanon et de Sartre
Cormann, Grégory ULg

in Luneau, Marie-Pier; Dozo, Björn-Olav; Saint-Amand, Denis (Eds.) Jeux et enjeux de la préface (2014)

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See detailMusique et musiciens de Liège en terre d’Empire sous le règne de Ferdinand de Bavière (1612-1650)
Corswarem, Emilie ULg

in Candoni, Jean-François; Gauthier, Laure (Eds.) Les grands centres musicaux de l’espace germanophone (XVIIe-XIX’ siècles), Préface de Christophe Charle (2014)

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See detailAnthropogenic effects in landscapes: Historical context and spatial pattern
Bogaert, Jan ULg; Vranken, Isabelle ULg; Andre, Marie ULg

in Hong, S.-K.; Bogaert, Jan; Min, Q. (Eds.) Biocultural Landscapes: Diversity, Functions and Values (2014)

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See detailNeurostimulation for Headaches: Where Are We? Where Are We Going?
MAGIS, Delphine ULg

in May, Arne; Baron, Ralf (Eds.) Headache and Pain (2014)

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See detailLa loi Breyne (2ième éd.)
Kohl, Benoît ULg

in Guide de droit immobilier (2014)

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See detailLecture de la finitude
Pieron, Julien ULg

in Cormann, Grégory; Feron, Olivier (Eds.) Question anthropologique et phénoménologie : Autour du travail de Daniel Giovannangeli (2014)

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See detailAlchemy and Art Technology in German Medieval and Early Modern Recipe Books
Neven, Sylvie ULg

in Dupré, Sven (Ed.) Laboratory of Art (2014)

In the Middle Ages and premodern period, artisanal knowledge was transmitted via collections of recipes often grouped concomitantly with alchemical texts and instructions. Except for some very well-known ... [more ▼]

In the Middle Ages and premodern period, artisanal knowledge was transmitted via collections of recipes often grouped concomitantly with alchemical texts and instructions. Except for some very well-known artistic treatises, such as those by Eraclius or the Schedula diversarum artium, attributed to Theophilus, detection and identification of alchemical content within recipe books has been rare and fraught with difficulty. In a broad sense, alchemy could be defined as the ‘art of transmutation’, referring to the perfection of base or impure matter (often metal or stone) into perfect substances. In this context, alchemical procedures rely on artisanal or craft practices. Thus, any overlap between alchemy and art-technological procedures can be explained by the use of various identical materials and substances. Both are concerned with the description of colours—especially in regard to processes of change, the making of pigments, the production of artificial gemstones, the imitation of gold and silver and the transmutation of materials. Both require procedures involving precise and specifically defined actions, prescriptions and ingredients. So both use identical rhetorical recipe formulations that reflect a ‘step by step’ procedure. Assuming that alchemical and artistic texts have the same textual format, raises the question: did they also have the same methods of production and reception? Using a corpus of about forty manuscripts produced in Northern Europe between the fourteenth and the sixteenth centuries, this paper investigates the authorship and the context of production behind these writings, and scrutinizes the process of their compilation and dissemination. This serves, on a variety of levels, to elucidate information about their former nature and use. Finally, this paper examines the various ways alchemical and artisanal recipes were embedded within recipe books. It also proposes some clues to help in locating, identifying and demarcating this type of alchemical writing within the literature of recipes. [less ▲]

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See detailArticle 8 - Navigation maritime intérieure et aérienne
Richelle, Isabelle ULg

in Danon, Robert; Gutmann, Daniel; Oberson, Xavier (Eds.) et al Modèle de Convention fiscale OCDE concernant le revenu et la fortune - Commentaire (2014)

Introduction; Mise en oeuvre de l'article 8 (Personnes visées, modes de transports visés, incidence du facteur de rattachement); définitions; Profits imposables; Navigation intérieure; différents ... [more ▼]

Introduction; Mise en oeuvre de l'article 8 (Personnes visées, modes de transports visés, incidence du facteur de rattachement); définitions; Profits imposables; Navigation intérieure; différents exercices de l'activité, Relations entre les articles 7 et 8; entre les articles 8 et 12; entre les articles 8 et 10, 11; Location de conteneurs; Gains en capital, Fortune, Divers. [less ▲]

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See detailSafety aspects related to microreaction technology
Monbaliu, Jean-Christophe ULg; Cukalovic, Ana; Stevens, Christian

in Darvas, Ferenc; Dormán, György; Hessel, Volker (Eds.) Flow Chemistry Vol 2: Applications (2014)

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See detailDeel IV De belastingplichtige
Peeters, Bart ULg

in Vandebergh, Henri (Ed.) BTW-Handboek (2014)

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See detailEU Governance: Democracy as a mere Fragment of Political Discourse
Esposito, Giovanni ULg; FERRANDO, Tomaso

in DYMARSKI, Wlodeck; FRANGAKIS, Marika; LEAMAN, Jeremy (Eds.) The Deepening Crisis of the European Union: The Case for Radical Change (2014)

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See detailAir-Sea Interactions of Natural Long-Lived Greenhouse Gases (CO2, N2O, CH4) in a Changing Climate
Bakker, Dorothee C. E.; Bange, Hermann W.; Gruber, Nicolas et al

in Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions of Gases and Particles (2014)

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See detailDer theatrale „Korridor“. E.T.A. Hoffmanns Poetik der Inszenierung: Vom textuellen Metadrama zur theatralen Narration
Küpper, Achim ULg

in Küpper, Achim; Ulbrecht, Siegfried (Eds.) Theatralität in Literatur, Kunst und Kultur (= Germanoslavica, num. thém. spécial 25.2) (2014)

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See detailMetabolic responses to exercise and training
Votion, Dominique ULg

in Hinchcliff K.W; Kaneps A.J.; Geor R.J. (Eds.) Equine Sport Medicine and Surgery (2014)

This chapter reviews the whole-body and muscular metabolic responses and also describes the effects of training adaptation on these processes.

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See detailSkin ageprint: the causative factors.
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; HERMANNS-LE THI KIM, Trinh ULg; Delvenne, Philippe ULg et al

in Paye, M.; Maibach, H.I.; Barel, A.O. (Eds.) Handbook of Cosmetic Science and Technology (2014)

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See detailPenser l'incertain
Vrancken, Didier ULg

in Vrancken, Didier (Ed.) Penser l'incertain (2014)

Introduction générale à l'ouvrage construite autour de 8 sections : 1) Ne plus trembler face aux risques; 2) Catastrophes, risques, incertitudes : les mots pour tenter de les dire; 3) L'incertain en ... [more ▼]

Introduction générale à l'ouvrage construite autour de 8 sections : 1) Ne plus trembler face aux risques; 2) Catastrophes, risques, incertitudes : les mots pour tenter de les dire; 3) L'incertain en sociologie; 4) L'incertain en débat; 5) Des mondes incertains; 6) Des vies éprouvantes; 7) La sociologie à l'épreuve de l'incertain; 8) Ouvertures. [less ▲]

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See detailLower airway function: response to exercise and training
Art, Tatiana ULg; Bayly, Warwick

in Hinchcliff, Kenneth W.; Kaneps, Andris J.; Geor, Raymont J. (Eds.) Equine Sports Medicine and Surgery. Basic and clinical Sciences of the Equine Athlete. 2d Edition (2014)

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See detail¿Pudo el zapatista hablar?
Ceballos Viro, Alvaro ULg; Diestro Zorrilla, Alberto

in Vanden Berghe, Kristine (Ed.) La Revolución mexicana. Miradas desde Europa (2014)

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See detailLiège à la veille de 1914: entre France et Allemagne...
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

in Maréchal, Christine; Schloss, Claudine (Eds.) 1914-1918: vivre la guerre à Liège et en Wallonie (2014)

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See detailLe fonds d’archives Louis Hjelmslev
Badir, Sémir ULg

in Sofia, Estanislao; Chepiga, Valentina (Eds.) Archives et manuscrits de linguistes (2014)

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See detailEsquisse géologique du bassin de la Basse Lesse
Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Atlas du karst wallon: bassin de la Basse Lesse (2014)

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See detailcrown rot disease of bananas
Lassois, Ludivine ULg; de Lapeyre de Bellaire

in Bautista-Banos, Silvia (Ed.) Postharvest Decay, control strategies (2014)

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See detailNumerical simulation and Visualization of Material Flow in Friction Stir Welding via Particle Tracing
Dialami, Narges; Chiumenti, Michele; Cervera, Miguel et al

in Idelsohn, Sergio (Ed.) Numerical Simulations of Coupled Problems in Engineering (2014)

This work deals with the numerical simulation and material flow visualization of Friction Stir Welding (FSW) processes. The fourth order Runge- Kutta (RK4) integration method is used for the computation ... [more ▼]

This work deals with the numerical simulation and material flow visualization of Friction Stir Welding (FSW) processes. The fourth order Runge- Kutta (RK4) integration method is used for the computation of particle trajectories. The particle tracing method is used to study the effect of input process parameters and pin shapes on the weld quality. The results show that the proposed method is suitable for the optimization of the FSW process. [less ▲]

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See detailLaura. Enduring – or enjoying – endurance training.
Cloes, Marc ULg; Hody, Stéphanie ULg; Jidovtseff, Boris ULg et al

in Armour, Katheleen (Ed.) Pedagogical cases in physical education and youth sport (2014)

This chapter presents a pedagogical case presenting a 15-year-old girl who met some episodes of drop in blood pressure in the morning when beginning school. Her physical education (PE) teacher has to find ... [more ▼]

This chapter presents a pedagogical case presenting a 15-year-old girl who met some episodes of drop in blood pressure in the morning when beginning school. Her physical education (PE) teacher has to find a way to deal with such situation. Three scientists from physiology, fitness training and psychology analyze the scenario and underline the knowledge that should be used by the PE teacher in order to implement appropriate lessons. Sport pedagogists propose then a concrete contribution based on this interdisciplinary analysis. Such paper is a fantastic adventure for scholars who are invited to exchange their representations, knowledge et ideas in order to develop strong approaches. The refective process is an example for preservice education but also for all practioneers and PE teacher educators. [less ▲]

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See detailIn-silico models of trabecular bone: a sensitivity analysis perspective
Mengoni, Marlène ULg; Sikora, Sebastien N.F.; d'Otreppe, Vinciane et al

in Geris, Liesbet; Gomez-Cabrero, David (Eds.) Uncertainty in Biology: a computational modeling approach (2014)

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See detailAlternative ways of pricing and financing social insurance
Jousten, Alain ULg; Gillingham, Robert

in Frölich, Markus; Kaplan, David; Pagés, Carmen (Eds.) et al Social Security, Informal Sector, and Employment in Middle Income Countries: How to Protect Workers While Creating Good Jobs (2014)

Social insurance systems vary widely in terms of coverage of workers and risks, financing sources and the structure and generosity of benefits. The predominant source of financing for social insurance ... [more ▼]

Social insurance systems vary widely in terms of coverage of workers and risks, financing sources and the structure and generosity of benefits. The predominant source of financing for social insurance comes from “deductions” from payrolls. These deductions are typically categorized as either “taxes” or “contributions,” but they share the characteristics of both. Any analysis of how best to finance social insurance must thus start from an analysis of social insurance pricing: a decomposition of the insurance component (the true contribution) from the pure tax component (the true tax). Only then can an informed discussion about reforming financing mechanisms proceed. After reviewing the structure of social insurance financing and taxes in Latin America, this paper (1) discusses the problems with payroll financing of social insurance, (2) presents options for addressing these problems, (3) ties these problems to the level of informality, and (4) describes the challenges faced by policymakers in deciding how best to finance social insurance. [less ▲]

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See detailDemography
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULg

in Save Cambodia's Wildlife (Ed.) Atlas of Cambodia: Maps on Socio-Economic Development and Environment (2014)

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See detailLa difficile émergence de la géographie du commerce
Lemarchand, Nathalie; Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg; Soumagne, Jean

in Gasnier, Arnaud; Lemarchand, Nathalie (Eds.) Le commerce dans tous ses états. Espaces marchands et enjeux de société (2014)

Short reflective history of geography Retail

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See detailLe Tournant psychologique
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg; Gyemant, Maria ULg

in Gyemant, Maria (Ed.) Psychologie et psychologisme (2014)

Par "tournant psychologique", nous entendons l’adhésion significative de plusieurs auteurs à la conviction selon laquelle les problèmes philosophiques ne peuvent pas être traités de manière satisfaisante ... [more ▼]

Par "tournant psychologique", nous entendons l’adhésion significative de plusieurs auteurs à la conviction selon laquelle les problèmes philosophiques ne peuvent pas être traités de manière satisfaisante sans les ressources de l’analyse psychologique. Nous montrons ici que ce tournant s’est effectué progressivement au XIXe siècle dans la philosophie de langue allemande, et qu'il a donné lieu à des approches incarnées par des philosophes aussi différents que Fries, Beneke, Brentano, Stumpf, Dilthey, Lipps, Wundt ou le jeune Husserl. Quelque divergentes que soient leurs positions, ces auteurs partagent généralement l’idée que philosophie et psychologie sont inséparables. Aussi pourrait-on dire que le tournant psychologique n’est rien d’autre que l’adoption d'une "thèse d’inséparabilité". De cette thèse, nous distinguons ici la thèse "psychologiste" au sens étroit ou strict, selon laquelle la vérité d'une proposition (mais aussi la beauté d'une forme, la bonté d'une action, etc.) dépend des mécanismes mentaux d'un individu ou de l'esprit humain. Notre objectif est de suggérer que le tournant psychologique n'implique pas nécessairement l'adhésion à la thèse psychologiste. [less ▲]

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See detailEsiti funesti della vittoria di Ravenna. La morte e i funerali di Gaston de Foix, duca di Nemours
Dumont, Jonathan ULg; Marchandisse, Alain ULg

in Bolognesi, Dante; Chittolini, Giorgio; Giovannini, Carla (Eds.) et al 1512. La battaglia du Ravenna, l’Italia, l’Europa (2014)

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See detailLe mariage indigène dans la doctrine juridique du Congo belge. Les mots du droit et du pouvoir
Braillon, Charlotte ULg

in Schuylenberg, Patricia; Lanneau, Catherine; Plasman, Pierre-Luc (Eds.) L’Afrique belge aux XIXe et XXe siècles. Nouvelles recherches et perspectives en histoire coloniale (2014)

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See detailLa libre-pensée, une religion comme une autre ? Financement public et gestion de la pluralité religieuse et philosophique en Belgique.
Husson, Jean-François ULg

in Lamine, Anne-Sophie (Ed.) Quand le religieux fait conflit. Désaccords, négociations ou arrangements (2014)

L’analyse du financement public des communautés convictionnelles livre-t-elle des éclairages particuliers sur la gestion de la pluralité religieuse ? Cet article entend répondre par la positive, au départ ... [more ▼]

L’analyse du financement public des communautés convictionnelles livre-t-elle des éclairages particuliers sur la gestion de la pluralité religieuse ? Cet article entend répondre par la positive, au départ du cas belge. Après une brève présentation de l'approche théorique (instrumentation de l'action publique) et de la situation nationale étudiée, une troisième partie propose une lecture de la gestion de la pluralité convictionnelle en traitant de l’ouverture du système (notamment aux humanismes séculiers, appelés "mouvement laïque" ou "laïcité organisée" en Belgique), du dialogue intra- et interconvictionnel ainsi que du dialogue entre les communautés convictionnelles et les pouvoirs publics. [less ▲]

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See detailNovel Functions of Core Cell Cycle Regulators in Neuronal Migration
Godin, Juliette ULg; Nguyen, Laurent ULg

in Cellular and Molecular Control of Neuronal Migration (2014)

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See detailStress et santé des dirigeants de PME
Angenot, Arnaud ULg; Schippers, Nathalie ULg; Eubelen, Isabelle et al

in Sarnin, Philippe; Kouabenan, Dongo Rémi; Bobillier-Chaumont, Marc-Eric (Eds.) et al Santé et bien-être au travail : Des méthodes d'analyse aux actions de prévention (2014)

Comme l’atteste l’Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale ([INSERM], 2011), il est aujourd’hui devenu nécessaire de pouvoir mieux identifier les sources de stress chez les travailleurs ... [more ▼]

Comme l’atteste l’Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale ([INSERM], 2011), il est aujourd’hui devenu nécessaire de pouvoir mieux identifier les sources de stress chez les travailleurs indépendants. Parmi ceux-ci, les dirigeants de Petites et Moyennes Entreprises (PME) sont fréquemment victimes de problèmes de santé liés à une charge physique et mentale élevées (Bournois, Duval-Hamel, Scarengella & Roussillon, 2007 ; Gunnarsson, Vingard & Josephson, 2007). S’appuyant sur ces constats, cette étude a eu pour objectif d’évaluer leur sentiment d’épuisement professionnel et de déterminer les causes de stress spécifiques au milieu entrepreneurial. Pour ce faire, une enquête par questionnaire écrit a été menée à la demande de différentes organisations patronales belges du secteur de la construction et de la vente. [less ▲]

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See detailFamilles diasporiques et arènes spirituelles. Approche ethnographique translocale: Kinshasa-Bruxelles-Liège-Kinshasa
Meiers, Bénédicte ULg

in Mazzocchetti, Jacinthe (Ed.) Migrations subsahariennes en Belgique (2014)

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See detailL'agonie, la mort et les funérailles de Pierre d'Aubusson († 1503), grand maître de Rhodes et cardinal
Marchandisse, Alain ULg; de Vaivre, Jean-Bernard; Vissière, Laurent

in Dumont, Jonathan; Marchandisse, Alain; Bousmar, Éric (Eds.) et al Le Corps du Prince (2014)

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See detailIntroduction
Dumont, Jonathan ULg; Marchandisse, Alain ULg; Bousmar, Éric et al

in Dumont, Jonathan; Marchandisse, Alain; Bousmar, Éric (Eds.) et al Le Corps du Prince (2014)

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See detailThe geographical societies of Brussels and Antwerp, and their focus on Africa in the period preceding the Berlin Conference (1876-1885)
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

in Van Schuylenbergh, Patricia; Lanneau, Catherine; Plasman, Pierre-Luc (Eds.) L'Afrique belge aux XIXe et XXe siècles. Nouvelles recherches et perspectives en histoire coloniale. (2014)

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See detailDe la guerre jouée à la guerre vécue. Le cas du "plan Schlieffen"
Bechet, Christophe ULg; Brüll, Christoph ULg

in Küpper, Achim; Vanden Berghe, Kristine (Eds.) Guerre & jeu. Cultures d'un paradoxe à l'ère moderne (2014)

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See detailConclusions
Dumoulin, André ULg

in Auvret-Finck, Josiane (Ed.) Vers une relance de la PSDC ? (2014)

Actes du colloque sur "Vers une relance de la Politique européenne de sécurité et de défense commune"

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See detailPaul Mertens (1925-2011)
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Capasso, Mario (Ed.) Hermae. Scholars and Scholarship in Papyrology, IV (2014)

Life and works of Paul Mertens (1925-2011), Belgian philologist and papyrologist and founder of the CEDOPAL at the University of Liège

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See detailDe l'Anonyme à Jamblique: ou de l'usage politique de la richesse
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Helmer, Étienne (Ed.) Richesse et Pauvreté chez les philosophes grecs (2014)

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See detailTowards Sustainable Employment Schemes at the Inter-organizational Level
Xhauflair, Virginie ULg; Pichault, François ULg

in Koene, B.; Garsten, C.; Galais, N. (Eds.) Management and Organization of Temporary Agency Work (2014)

A partir d'une démarche participative et expérimentale, cet article propose un ensemble de variables permettant de décrire les pratiques de gouvernance inter-organisationnelles. Ces variables constituent ... [more ▼]

A partir d'une démarche participative et expérimentale, cet article propose un ensemble de variables permettant de décrire les pratiques de gouvernance inter-organisationnelles. Ces variables constituent également des leviers d'action sur lesquels s'appuyer pour conclure, à l'échelon inter-organisationnel, des compromis équilibrés et durables. [less ▲]

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See detailSartre in Venedig: der Mann, der in die Kälte ging
Cormann, Grégory ULg; Viehöver, Vera ULg

in Carnets Jean-Paul Sartre - 20. Geburtstag der Sartre Gesellschaft (2014)

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See detailSimultaneous Temperature and Deformations Measurements Using Long-Wave Infrared Speckle Interferometry: A Novel Hybrid Technique for Industrial Nondestructive Testing
Georges, Marc ULg; Vandenrijt, Jean-François ULg; Thizy, Cédric ULg et al

in Osten, Wolfgang (Ed.) Fringe 2013 (2014)

The use of long-wave infrared (LWIR) CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays in digital holographic and speckle interferometry shows interesting features for full-field displacement/deformation metrology and ... [more ▼]

The use of long-wave infrared (LWIR) CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays in digital holographic and speckle interferometry shows interesting features for full-field displacement/deformation metrology and nondestructive testing. The first one is that the long wavelength yields the measurement of larger displacements together with decreasing the sensitivity to environmental perturbations. Therefore these interferometric methods can be applied more easily in industrial field applications. Another advantage was put forward in the European project FANTOM which is presented in this paper. In addition to specklegrams, the thermal background is captured simultaneously. Therefore in displacement metrology one can correlate uniquely the temperature and displacement information at the same time and in each pixel. We describe the successful achievements of the project. Thorough understanding of optics and speckle interferometry crossed with state-of-art in thermam imaging systems allowed to study this new hybrid technique in deep and tackle some specific constraints for reaching the best performances. As a result, a mobile instrument has been developed and validated on various industrial structural testing facilities and inspection areas. It has been used in thermomechanical measurements as well as in detection of defects in aeronautical composites. In particular we show that the two parts of the signal (the thermal part on one hand and the interferograms showing the deformation on the other hand) yield complementary information. A very interesting result is that it allows increasing the probability of detecting defects, for some of them are better seen in the thermal signal, whereas others appear only through local surface deformation. [less ▲]

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See detailExplaining stakeholder involvement in social enterprise governance through resources and legitimacy
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg; Rijpens, Julie ULg

in Defourny, Jacques; Hulgard, Lars; Pestoff, Victor (Eds.) Social Enterprise and the Third Sector: Changing European Landscapes in a Comparative Perspective (2014)

In the continuity of stakeholder theory, much of the current literature on (corporate) governance and business ethics looks at how organizations involve their stakeholders at different decision-making ... [more ▼]

In the continuity of stakeholder theory, much of the current literature on (corporate) governance and business ethics looks at how organizations involve their stakeholders at different decision-making levels (Carroll 2004; Clarkson 1995; de Graaf & Herkströter 2007; Freeman & Reed 1983). According to Freeman (1984), stakeholders are ‘any group or individual who can affect or is affected by the achievement of an organization's purpose’ (148); typically: the owners, the managers, the workers, the volunteers, the financing bodies, the partners, the suppliers, the customers/beneficiaries, etc. A continuum of involvement can be highlighted, from the rather passive strategies (stakeholder information) to the more active ones (stakeholder representation). Among the latter, involvement or ‘cooptation’ of stakeholders in the governance structures such as the general assembly and the board of directors is increasingly presented as a strategy mirroring a long-term relationship between the organization and a particular stakeholder category (Mitchell et al. 1997). Traditionally, the owners are the category of stakeholders that is co-opted in the governance structures. Indeed, the power of decision is part of the property rights (Milgrom & Roberts 1992). It allows owners to ensure that the enterprise is run according to their own objectives. Thus, in for-profit enterprises, the investors are the owners and, as such, they have the right to decide. They exercise this right by their presence at the general assembly. But not all enterprises are investors-owned firms. In some enterprises, ownership is in the hand of other stakeholders, like in producer, consumer or worker cooperatives. Others, like nonprofit organizations, can even be seen as firms without owners (Hansmann 1996). This chapter raises the question of stakeholder involvement in social enterprises, which are ‘non-investor owned’ and can broadly be defined here as organizations pursuing social aims through their economic activity (Defourny 2001; Defourny & Nyssens 2006). In these organizations, the configuration of stakeholder involvement contrasts with that of for-profit businesses in at least two ways. First, social enterprises are more likely than other types of organizations to be set up through a process of collective entrepreneurship which often involves a diversity of actors who each have a ‘stake’ in the pursuit of one or several organizational missions (Defourny & Nyssens 2006; Haugh 2007; Petrella 2003). Second, social enterprises seem to have a stronger tendency to give a voice to the actors with whom they interact –i.e., to involve their beneficiaries, supporters, funders or partners within their governance structures (Campi et al. 2006; Huybrechts 2010; Münkner 2004; Rijpens 2010). They usually use legal forms that allow and encourage economic democracy by recognizing stakeholders other than investors the right to participate formally in the governance bodies. While, as suggested by Campi et al. (2006; 2012), the presence of multiple stakeholders observed in a number of social enterprises may be linked with the diverse goals pursued by these organizations, such presence –or absence– may be due to many factors which have no direct links with organizational goals. As suggested in this chapter, the organizational need for resources (in a broad sense) and the drive to conform to external expectations may be two key factors. In any case, the diversified patterns of stakeholder involvement in social enterprises confirm the need for a more comprehensive account of stakeholder involvement in these organizations. Although several attempts have been made to theorize stakeholder involvement in social enterprise governance, it is still a much under-researched topic. We believe that this research gap is due not only to the infancy stage in which social enterprise research is located, but also to a lack of connection and integration of this research within the broader study of organizations. Indeed, while new theoretical developments centered on the specific features of social enterprise are needed, these developments cannot be made independently from the knowledge built for more than a century regarding how organizations are structured and operate. This chapter aims to examine stakeholder involvement in social enterprise governance using two types of theoretical lenses each embodying a rich research tradition in organization theory. The first lens refers to strategy and examines organizations (in this case governance structures) in terms of their dependency on a set of resources. The second lens uses legitimacy arguments to explain organizational governance as a social construct located in a broader setting of social relationships. The first two sections will present each of these views and examine their contributions to understanding stakeholder involvement in the governance structures of social enterprises. Then, a comparative case study on work integration social enterprises will serve to illustrate how both research avenues can be combined so as to better grasp social enterprise governance as a complex and multi-dimensional practice. [less ▲]

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See detailDigital Holographic Interferometry in the Long-Wave Infrared for the Testing of Large Aspheric Space Reflectors
Vandenrijt, Jean-François ULg; Thizy, Cédric ULg; Stockman, Yvan ULg et al

in Osten, Wolfgang (Ed.) Fringe 2013 (2014)

Digital holographic (DH) interferometry has been developed in the long-wave infrared spectral range with CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays. This application has been driven by the European Space ... [more ▼]

Digital holographic (DH) interferometry has been developed in the long-wave infrared spectral range with CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays. This application has been driven by the European Space Agency’s constant need of techniques for monitoring large displacements of large structures. Here the study focuses on the case of aspheric mirrors, like parabola and ellipses. Usually they are tested through interferometric wavefront error measurements which require expensive null-lenses matching each of the reflectors considered. In the case of monitoring deformation a holographic technique can be considered where the wavefront is compared with itself at different instant. Therefore the optical can be quite simple and easily reconfigurable from one reflector to another. The advantage of using long wavelength is that large deformations can be measured at once, in addition to being more immune against environmental perturbations. Another advantage of DH at such wavelengths is that the ratio between the wavelength and the pixel size allows reconstructing objects 5 to 10 times larger than with DH in the visible. In this project we considered first the case of a 1.1 meter diameter parabola for submillimeter range observations. Such specimen shows strong specular reflectivity. We have developed several set-ups with different ways to illuminate the object and to collect rays to form the object beam: either through point source or through and extended diffuser working by reflection of the laser beam. Both possibilities have been compared in terms of fringe quality as well as measurement range. We selected the diffuser illumination for applying the set-up into a large vacuum facility for measuring the deformation of the parabola between 224 and 107 K. Results of this measurement campaign are presented. A further application has been shown by observation of off-axis ellipse. In this case interferometric testing is difficult to achieve and LWIR DHI with diffuser illumination is found quite simple to implement and gives straightforward results. [less ▲]

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See detailSartre, Heidegger et les Recherches Philosophiques - Koyré, Levinas, Wahl. Eléments pour une archéologie de la philosophie française contemporaine
Cormann, Grégory ULg

in Cormann, Grégory; Feron, Olivier (Eds.) Question anthropologique et phénoménologie (2014)

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See detailLe choix du liégeois. Dîmègne de Louis Remacle
Baiwir, Esther ULg; Biquet, Stéphanie ULg

in Baiwir, Esther; Biquet, Stéphanie (Eds.) Petite anthologie subjective de littérature wallonne (2014)

Lecture et commentaire du seul poème en liégeois de Louis Remacle, "Dîmègne".

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See detailInnovAddict: une entreprise « malade » de la créativité
Crutzen, Nathalie ULg; Moreau, Charlotte ULg; Pichault, François ULg

in Chabault, Didier; Hulin, Annabelle; Soparnot, Richard (Eds.) Cas d'innovations en entreprise - Organisation et stratégie (2014)

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See detailLower Palaeozoic palaeo(bio)geographies
Wellman, C.H.; Steemans, Philippe ULg; Vecoli, M.

in Lower Palaeozoic palaeo(bio)geographies (2014)

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See detailReconciling Plato's and Aristotle's Cosmologies. Attempts at harmonization in Simplicius
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Strobel, Benedikt (Ed.) Die Kunst der philosophischen Exegese bei den Antiken Platon- und Aristoteles-Kommentatoren (2014)

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See detailCommerce et opérateurs immobiliers. Un marché en voie de financiarisation
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg; Nappi-Choulet, Ingrid

in Gasnier, Arnaud; Lemarchand, Nathalie (Eds.) Le commerce dans tous ses états. Espaces marchands et enjeux de société (2014)

Short analysis of commercial real estate in its various forms with evidence of recent market financialization

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