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See detailL'ingénierie patrimoniale dans les relations franco-belges : perspectives de droit international privé belge
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Dereme, François (Ed.) Ingénierie patrimonial. Questions particulières dans un contexte franco-belge (2013)

Cette contribution s'attache aux questions de droit international privé qui peuvent intéresser la pratique des relations patrimoniales franco-belges. Elle présente succinctement les lignes de force de la ... [more ▼]

Cette contribution s'attache aux questions de droit international privé qui peuvent intéresser la pratique des relations patrimoniales franco-belges. Elle présente succinctement les lignes de force de la réglementation de droit international privé dans les principales branches susceptibles d'intéresser le praticien. L'optique étant celle de la planification successorale, la contribution met l'accent sur l'espace de liberté dont disposent les parties. Plus précisément, la question qui fera figure de fil rouge est celle de savoir quelle marge de manœuvre le droit international privé accorde aux parties qui envisagent l'une ou l'autre opération patrimoniale. Cette question est abordée à propos de trois grands moments de la vie : le mariage et les relations qui y sont assimilées, le décès et les libéralités à cause de vif. [less ▲]

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See detailExtremely Randomized Trees and Random Subwindows for Image Classification, Annotation, and Retrieval
Marée, Raphaël ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg; Geurts, Pierre ULg

in Criminisi, A; Shotton, J (Eds.) Decision Forests in Computer Vision and Medical Image Analysis, Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2013)

We present a unified framework involving the extraction of random subwindows within images and the induction of ensembles of extremely randomized trees. We discuss the specialization of this framework for ... [more ▼]

We present a unified framework involving the extraction of random subwindows within images and the induction of ensembles of extremely randomized trees. We discuss the specialization of this framework for solving several general problems in computer vision, ranging from image classification and segmentation to content-based image retrieval and interest point detection. The methods are illustrated on various applications and datasets from the biomedical domain [less ▲]

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See detailPetite histoire de la notion saussurienne de "valeur"
Sofia, Estanislao ULg

in Normand, Claudine; Sofia, Estanislao (Eds.) Espaces théoriques du langage. Des parallèles floues (2013)

La notion de valeur est souvent présentée comme l’une des clés de la théorie de la langue proposée par Saussure, mais elle est aussi l’un des concepts les plus difficiles et les plus discutés de l’édifice ... [more ▼]

La notion de valeur est souvent présentée comme l’une des clés de la théorie de la langue proposée par Saussure, mais elle est aussi l’un des concepts les plus difficiles et les plus discutés de l’édifice saussurien. Dans la présente contribution, nous proposons une petite histoire de la problématique, en essayant de la situer avant que Saussure ne la formalise, pour ensuite, ladite « formalisation » ayant été effectuée, suivre la discussion suscitée par leurs différentes interprétations. Nous n’avons pas procédé à un examen exhaustif, mais seulement choisi quelques lectures que nous considérons « phares » et qui résument, probablement, la plupart des positions existantes de nos jours. [less ▲]

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See detailA l'école de l'autre. Ricoeur, lecteur de la philosophie analytique
Leclercq, Bruno ULg

in Canivez, Patrice; Couloubaritsis, Lambros (Eds.) L'éthique et le soi chez Paul Ricoeur. Huit études sur Soi-même comme un autre (2013)

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See detailLe choix entre l’exemption et l’imputation - Cas d’application : la compensation des pertes
Richelle, Isabelle ULg

in Richelle, Isabelle; Traversa, Edoardo (Eds.) La Fiscalité internationale en Belgique - Tendances récentes (2013)

1. Choix entre taxation territoriale et taxation mondiale 2. La situation en Belgique 3. Incidence de la jurisprudence de la Cour de justice

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See detailThe process of constitutional amendment in Belgium
Behrendt, Christian ULg

in Contiades, Xenophon (Ed.) Engeneering Constitutional Change : A Comparative Perpective on Europe, Canada and the USA (2013)

This essay provides a commentary on article 195 (formerly 131) of the Belgian Constitution, i.e. on the provision which governs constitutional amendment in Belgium.

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See detail8.3 Landfill of Solid Waste
Romain, Anne-Claude ULg

in Belgiorno, V (Ed.) Odour Impact Assessment Handbook (2013)

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See detailLes récusations
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailLa sculpture monumentale en pays mosan à l'époque romane: état de la question
Van den Bossche, Benoît ULg

in Toussaint, Jacques (Ed.) Pierres - Papiers - Ciseaux. Architecture et sculpture romanes (Meuse - Escaut) (2013)

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See detailMiles coverdale et sa traduction abrégée de l'Enchiridion militis christiani d'Erasme (1545): une nouvelle acquisition de la Bibliothèque royale de Belgique
Adam, Renaud ULg

in Delfosse, Annick; Glesener, Thomas (Eds.) Lire, écrire et éduquer à la Renaissance. Mélanges en l'honneur de Franz Bierlaire (2013)

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See detailL'organisation du pouvoir dans les groupes de sociétés
Caprasse, Olivier ULg; Fyon, Marc

in Dal, Georges-Albert (Ed.) Droit des groupes de sociétés questions pratiques (2013)

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See detailLe désaveu
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailStructures institutionnelles du fédéralisme belge
Reuchamps, Min ULg

in Dandoy, Régis; Matagne, Geoffroy; Van Wynsberghe, Caroline (Eds.) Le fédéralisme belge (2013)

This chapter describes the institutional structures of the Belgian federalism. The insti-tutional structures are explored through political lenses, stressing their role as both political outputs and ... [more ▼]

This chapter describes the institutional structures of the Belgian federalism. The insti-tutional structures are explored through political lenses, stressing their role as both political outputs and political inputs. [less ▲]

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See detailException de la caution de l'étranger demandeur
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailHealth Economics Analyses in Osteoporosis
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Arinoviche Schenker, Roberto; Arriagada Maldini, Marina (Eds.) Temas de osteoporosis y otras enfermedades oseas (2013)

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See detailJugement des exceptions
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailNew perspectives on the Aurignacian from Spy: lithic assemblage, osseous artefacts and chronocultural sequence
Flas, Damien ULg; Tartar, Elise; Bordes, Jean-Guillaume et al

in Rougier, Hélène; Semal, Patrick (Eds.) Spy cave. 125 years of multidisciplinary research at the Betche aux Rotches (Jemeppe-sur-Sambre, Province of Namur, Belgium), Volume I (2013)

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See detailL'instruction et le jugement par défaut
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailLes procédures : schémas, plans, règlements, permis
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Le droit de l'aménagement du territoire et de l'urbanisme, 50 ans après la loi organique (2013)

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See detailThe Tax Disputes Litigation Review - Belgium
Docclo, Caroline ULg

in Simon WHitehead (Ed.) The Tax Disputes and Litigation Review (2013)

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See detailLes négociations internationales sur le climat, une histoire sans fin ?
Gemenne, François ULg

in Petiteville, Franck; Placidi, Delphine (Eds.) Négociations Internationales. (2013)

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See detailLa Vierge et l’Ommegang
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in Heerbrant, Jean-Paul (Ed.) Ommegang ! Catalogue d’exposition (23 mai-1er septembre 2013) (2013)

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See detailActualités en matière de pratiques du marché
Gol, Déborah ULg

in Thirion, Nicolas (Ed.) Chronique d'actualités en droit commercial (2013)

La contribution analyse les actualités législatives et jurisprudentielles, entre 2011 et 2013, relatives à la matière des pratiques du marché, et plus précisément les pratiques de promotion des ventes ... [more ▼]

La contribution analyse les actualités législatives et jurisprudentielles, entre 2011 et 2013, relatives à la matière des pratiques du marché, et plus précisément les pratiques de promotion des ventes (ventes à perte, offres conjointes, périodes d'attente etc), la réglementation des publicités et la concurrence déloyale (comportements visés, action en cessation). [less ▲]

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See detailUn lien pour le temps présent
Delhalle, Nancy ULg

in Delhalle, Nancy (Ed.) Le théâtre et ses publics. L accrétion partagée (2013)

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See detailGertrude Stein's Melodies
Delville, Michel ULg

in Demoor, Marysa; Posman, Sarah; Van Durme, Debora (Eds.) Melodies and Modernisms (2013)

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See detailLa dynamique paradoxale de l'EEE
Younes, Nathalie; Rege Colet, Nicole; Detroz, Pascal ULg et al

in Vantourout, Marc; Douasdé, R; Romaiville, Marc (Eds.) Evaluation et enseignement supérieur (2013)

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See detailIon Dissociation Kinetics in Mass Spectrometry
Leyh, Bernard ULg

in Reedijk, J. (Ed.) Reference Module in Chemistry, Molecular Sciences and Chemical Engineering (2013)

The variation of fragmentation rate constants as a function of the parent ion internal energy, or, alternatively, as a function of temperature, is crucial information to unravel the dissociation ... [more ▼]

The variation of fragmentation rate constants as a function of the parent ion internal energy, or, alternatively, as a function of temperature, is crucial information to unravel the dissociation mechanisms of molecular ions. This contribution provides the reader first with basic information on the statistical theories used to model unimolecular rate constants. Various experimental methods to measure such rate constants in the 102 to 1010 s^(-1) range are then discussed. Kinetic isotope effects are also briefly dealt with. How reaction mechanisms can be inferred from kinetic data is handled in an extensive section where selected examples from the recent literature are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailA comparative study of the grammaticalized uses of English sort of and French genre de in teenage forum data
Davidse, Kristin; Brems, Lieselotte ULg; Willemse, Peter et al

in Miola, Emanuele (Ed.) Proceedings of the workshop languages go web (2013)

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See detailNormalized Risk-Adjusted Performance Measures Revisited: The Performance of FoHFs Before and After the Crisis
Bodson, Laurent ULg; Cavenaile, Laurent; Coën, Alain

in Gregoriou, Greg (Ed.) RECONSIDERING FUNDS OF HEDGE FUNDS: THE FINANCIAL CRISIS AND BEST PRACTICES IN UCITS, TAIL RISK, PERFORMANCE, AND DUE DILIGENCE (2013)

This paper revisits the performance of funds of hedge funds after the crisis using normalized risk-adjusted performance measures based on multi-factor models. First, we develop performance measures able ... [more ▼]

This paper revisits the performance of funds of hedge funds after the crisis using normalized risk-adjusted performance measures based on multi-factor models. First, we develop performance measures able to capture the variety of systematic risk sources. Second, we deal with the impact of smoothing on the risk return properties of FoHF using an adjustment technic for illiquidity. Third, we implement unbiased estimators to correct for the econometric bias induced by errors-in-variables (EIV) in asset pricing models. With these different adjustments, we analyze the persistence and stability of performance measures before and after the crisis for a data base of funds of hedge funds. Our results clearly show that the normalized risk-adjusted performance measures corrected for smoothing effect and EIV outperform the alternatives measures before and after the crisis. [less ▲]

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See detailLe pathos francophone : francodoxie, argumentation et émotions
Provenzano, François ULg

in Galatanu, Olga; Cozma, Ana-Maria; Marie, Virginie (Eds.) Sens et signification dans les espaces francophones. La construction discursive du concept de francophonie (2013)

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See detailLemonnier Camille
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Blanchaud, Corine (Ed.) Dictionnaire des écrivains francophones classiques. Belgique, Canada, Québec, Luxembourg, Suisse romande (2013)

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See detailFrançoise de la Mère de Dieu
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Fella, Audrey (Ed.) Les Femmes mystiques. Histoire et dictionnaire (2013)

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See detailPredicative Constituents
Denizot, Camille ULg

in Giannakis, Georgios K. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics (2013)

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See detailManagement and culture in Belgium: trade unions roles and social concertation
Cornet, Annie ULg; VANDENBERGH, Jean-mars; XHENSEVAL, J.M.

in Davel; Chanlat; Dupuis (Eds.) Cross-Cultural Management Culture and Management Across the World (2013)

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See detailAntoinette de Jésus
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Fella, Audrey (Ed.) Les femmes mystiques. Histoire et dictionnaire (2013)

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See detailIde de Gorsleeuw
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Fella, Audrey (Ed.) Les Femmes mystiques. Histoire et dictionnaire (2013)

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See detailLa soie naturelle des Hauts-Plateaux de Madagascar: les facteur socio-institutionnels entravant une filière dynamique et pérenne
Rabearisoa, Misha; Ramamonjisoa, Bruno; Poncelet, Marc ULg et al

in Verheggen, François; Bogaert, Jan; Haubruge, Eric (Eds.) Les vers à soie malgaches : Enjeux écologiques et socio-économiques (2013)

Despite the cultural, social and socio-economic importance for societies situated in the Highlands of Madagascar, the endemic silk moth Borocera cajani and its habitat Uapaca bojeri are endangered by many ... [more ▼]

Despite the cultural, social and socio-economic importance for societies situated in the Highlands of Madagascar, the endemic silk moth Borocera cajani and its habitat Uapaca bojeri are endangered by many factors. In order to sustainably manage these resources, the silk production chain has been studied combining economic and socio-anthropologic approaches. Silk chain production analysis situates the underlying rural realities in an economic context; socio-anthropological considerations link those economic factors to their social context. The current study focuses on decentralized natural resource management in Itasy and Amoron’i Mania. It appears that institutional, economic and social factors tend to determine silk moth production chain dynamics. Considering all of these parameters and their interactions is considered crucial for a sustainable management of these endangered resources. [less ▲]

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See detailBibliothèques média(tisa)trices : le roman chez Charles Sorel et Lenglet Dufresnoy
Decoster, Sara ULg

in Boulerie, Françoise (Ed.) La Médiatisation du littéraire dans l'Europe des XVII et XVIIIe siècles (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (11 ULg)
See detailEt si la médiation n'était qu'un mot...
Vrancken, Didier ULg

in Castelain, Bernard (Ed.) De l'autre côté du conflit : la médiation (2013)

Préface à l'ouvrage

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See detailCaryl Phillips
Ledent, Bénédicte ULg

in Encyclopedia of Afroeuropean Studies (2013)

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See detailImmigrant Integration and Multiculturalism in Belgium
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Taras, R (Ed.) Challenging Multiculturalism: European Models of Diversity (2013)

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See detailPostface à Echec au temps de Marcel Thiry
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Echec au temps (2013)

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See detailApplication of dual cyclodextrin systems in capillary electrophoresis enantioseparations.
Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg; Fillet, Marianne ULg

in Methods in Molecular biology 970: Chiral Separations (2013)

The enantioseparation of acidic and neutral compounds can be successfully achieved in capillary electrophoresis (CE) using dual cyclodextrin (CD) systems. This chapter describes how to separate the ... [more ▼]

The enantioseparation of acidic and neutral compounds can be successfully achieved in capillary electrophoresis (CE) using dual cyclodextrin (CD) systems. This chapter describes how to separate the enantiomers of acidic or neutral substances using dual CD systems made up of a negatively charged CD derivative, i.e., sulfobutyl-beta-CD (SB-beta-CD) or carboxymethyl-beta-CD (CM-beta-CD), in combination with a neutral one, namely, heptakis(2,3,6-tri-O-methyl)-beta-CD (TM-beta-CD). An acidic compound (carprofen) and a weakly acidic drug (pentobarbital) were selected as model compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalytical Methodology of POPs
Reiner, EJ; Jobst, KJ; Megson, D et al

in Environmental Forensics: Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) (2013)

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See detailL'agent économique professionnel: du commerçant à l'entreprise?
Autenne, Alexia; Thirion, Nicolas ULg

in Thirion, Nicolas (Ed.) Chronique d'actualités en droit commercial (2013)

L'étude vise à décrire le passage du commerçant à l'entreprise dans le nouveau code de droit économique, en montrant que le concept d'entreprise n'a pas pour autant fait l'objet de l'uniformisation ... [more ▼]

L'étude vise à décrire le passage du commerçant à l'entreprise dans le nouveau code de droit économique, en montrant que le concept d'entreprise n'a pas pour autant fait l'objet de l'uniformisation nécessaire. [less ▲]

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See detailIde de Louvain
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Fella, Audrey (Ed.) Les Femmes mystiques. Histoire et dictionnaire (2013)

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See detailChimamanda Ngozi Adichie
Tunca, Daria ULg

in Didier, Béatrice; Calle-Gruber, Mireille; Fouque, Antoinette (Eds.) Le Dictionnaire universel des créatrices (2013)

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See detailImpact de la méthode d'estimation du niveau d'habileté et du choix des premiers items sur l'efficacité de l'administration adaptative du TCALS II
Magis, David ULg; Raîche, Gilles

in Raîche, Gilles; Ndinga, Pascal; Meunier, Hélène (Eds.) Des mécanismes pour assurer la validité de l'interprétation de la mesure en éducation. Tome 3: : aspects pratiques (2013)

Le TCALS II (test de classement en anglais, langue seconde, au collégial, 2e version) est un questionnaire constitué d’un nombre fixe de 85 items administré aux étudiants de la province du Québec qui ... [more ▼]

Le TCALS II (test de classement en anglais, langue seconde, au collégial, 2e version) est un questionnaire constitué d’un nombre fixe de 85 items administré aux étudiants de la province du Québec qui entament des études au niveau collégial. Une version adaptative informatisée de ce test est envisagée pour la première fois dans cette étude. Deux problématiques sont regardées de plus près : le choix d’une méthode d’estimation du niveau d’habileté optimale et la sélection des premiers items du test. Ces deux problématiques sont étudiées simultanément par le biais de simulation Monte-Carlo à partir de plusieurs règles d’arrêt liées à la longueur du test. On en conclut que le choix des premiers items affecte peu l’estimation du niveau d’habileté, tandis que des différences notoires apparaissent toutefois entre les quatre méthodes d’estimation comparées. Certaines conclusions et recommandations sont dressées pour la poursuite ultérieure de ces travaux. [less ▲]

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See detailSystèmes de production, économie rurale et accès au marché en milieu Mbole, Territoire d'Opala, République Démocratique du Congo
Bolakonga Ilye, Antoine; Disonama, Michel; Michel, Baudouin ULg et al

in Badibanga, Thaddée; Ulimwengo, John (Eds.) Développement de l'agriculture en RDC : contraintes et opportunités (2013)

Identifier et analyser les facteurs de blocage au développement d'une part et ceux à l'origine de la pauvreté des paysans du district de la Tshopo en RD Congo d'autre part, est nécessaire pour la mise en ... [more ▼]

Identifier et analyser les facteurs de blocage au développement d'une part et ceux à l'origine de la pauvreté des paysans du district de la Tshopo en RD Congo d'autre part, est nécessaire pour la mise en place d'une stratégie efficace de relance économique. L'agriculture étant la première pourvoyeuse des revenus dans le territoire d'Opala, des enquêtes socioéconomiques auprès des ménages agricoles ont été menées pour comprendre la dynamique géographique des systèmes de production. Les résultats montrent que l'enclavement et l'éloignement influencent les choix des spéculations et les quantités produites. Ces choix se réfèrent à l'aptitude des produits à mieux se conserver, à la sécurité des débouchés commerciaux et aux rapports prix de vente sur poids et volume. Toutefois, quel que soit le secteur géographique, les revenus générés ne permettent pas de faire face aux besoins sociaux de base ; ce qui expose les paysans à plusieurs types de vulnérabilité dont la gravité dépend du niveau d'enclavement. [less ▲]

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See detailProduction and processing of canna vermicelli in Hung Yen Province toward sustainable development
Le, Thi Long Vy ULg; Do Truong, Lam; Vu Dinh, Ton et al

in Hanoi University of Agriculture; Francophone Joint University Council (CIUF) (Eds.) Proceedings of Scientific Research Results - Institutional University Cooperation Program 2008-2012 (2013)

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See detailEnergy Consumption: Preface
Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Reiter, Sigrid (Ed.) Energy Consumption : Impacts of Human Activity, Current and Future Challenges, Environmental and Socio-economic Effects (2013)

Energy is central to sustainable development : it has huge environmental, social, and economic impacts amongst which is its influence on climate change, poverty reduction efforts, industrial and ... [more ▼]

Energy is central to sustainable development : it has huge environmental, social, and economic impacts amongst which is its influence on climate change, poverty reduction efforts, industrial and agricultural productivity and environmental and human health. Developping strategies towards a sustainable energy transition is one of the most important world’s challenges of the twenty-first century. The choices that we will make in the coming years about energy will determine what world future generations will inherit. The book Energy Consumption : Impacts of Human Activity, Current and Future Challenges, Environmental and Socio-economic Effects, gives an overview of the key issues, strategies, operational guidelines and policy implications of current research on transition to more sustainable energy consumption. It investigates the important issue of the relations between human activities, energy systems and energy use. It addresses the environmental, social and economic impacts of energy consumption and their interrelationships. Written by academic and research experts in the field of energy, this book develops strategies for an energy sustainable development of the main energy-intensive sectors: energy production, transportation, buildings, agriculture and domestic appliances. It shows the best opportunities and solutions for energy demand reduction, energy efficiency improvement, increase in the share of renewable energy sources, technological progress and behavioural change in the field of energy. Its aim is to guide the reader to more efficient policies and to actions that really will improve the future. The book addresses also the different issues faced by developing and developed countries as well as their relative respective solutions. It sets out various alternative pathways that are open to our societies. Methods of energy consumption assessment and modeling approaches are also discussed. All those who are interested in the energy challenges will find in this book practical knowledge and operational solutions, providing a solid foundation to help make well-informed choices, as individuals and as societies. [less ▲]

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See detailLa méthodologie de cartographie, d’inventaire et d’évaluation des états de conservation dans les sites Natura 2000 en Région wallonne.
Dufrêne, Marc ULg; Delescaille, Louis-Marie; Derochette, Luc

in Born, Charles-Hubert; Haumont, Françis (Eds.) Actualités du droit rural : vers une gestion plus durable des espaces ruraux ? (2013)

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See detailMeeting of Minds: tempête de cerveaux dans un verre d'eau ?
Claisse, Frédéric ULg; Brunet, Sébastien ULg

in Brunet, Sébastien; Claisse, Frédéric; Fallon, Catherine (Eds.) La participation à l'épreuve (2013)

Dans ce chapitre, Sébastien Brunet et Frédéric Claisse proposent un retour critique sur Meeting of Minds, expérience hors du commun de conférence de citoyens sur les neurosciences, qui aura conjugué les ... [more ▼]

Dans ce chapitre, Sébastien Brunet et Frédéric Claisse proposent un retour critique sur Meeting of Minds, expérience hors du commun de conférence de citoyens sur les neurosciences, qui aura conjugué les efforts de 126 citoyens européens et l’expérience d’une dizaine d’instituts d’évaluation technologique, réunis à l’initiative de la Fondation Roi Baudouin et avec le soutien de la Commission europénne. Processus complexe et multi-dimensionnel, Meeting of Minds s’est finalement moins heurté aux difficultés pratiques et logistiques de la participation à échelle internationale (dans l’ensemble bien anticipées), qu’à ses propres ambivalences et contradictions. En revenant sur un épisode particulièrement emblématique de la deuxième convention européenne qui marquait le point culminant du processus, les auteurs mettent en évidence les tensions qui résultaient, d’une part, de l’ambivalence de l’expertise accordée aux citoyens et, d’autre part, de la focalisation excessive sur une méthodologie participative devenue par moments à elle-même sa propre fin. Le chapitre illustre ainsi les impasses de ce que les auteurs appellent une conception « performative » de la participation, caractérisée par l’indifférence à la production concrète des participants, dont la principale qualité est en réalité d’avoir été performée par le dispositif. Au lieu de servir d’outil d’exploration de controverse et de source d’enrichissement du processus de décision (dont Meeting of Minds était d’ailleurs déconnecté), la conférence de citoyens a paradoxalement fini par faire passer les neurosciences à l’arrière-plan pour ne plus « fabriquer » que du dispositif et de la participation. [less ▲]

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See detailInternet Topology Discovery
Donnet, Benoît ULg

in Biersack, Ernst; Callegari, Christian; Matijasevic, Maja (Eds.) Data Traffic Monitoring and Analysis: From Measurement, Classification, and Anomaly Detection to Quality of Experience (2013)

Since the nineties, the Internet has seen an impressive growth, in terms of users, intermediate systems (such as routers), autonomous systems, or applications. In parallel to this growth, the research ... [more ▼]

Since the nineties, the Internet has seen an impressive growth, in terms of users, intermediate systems (such as routers), autonomous systems, or applications. In parallel to this growth, the research community has been looking for obtaining and modeling the Internet topology, i.e., how the various elements of the network interconnect between themselves. An impressive amount of work has been done regarding how to collect data and how to analyse and model it. This chapter reviews main approaches for gathering Internet topology data. We first focus on hop limited probing, i.e., traceroute-like probing. We review large-scale tracerouting projects and discuss traceroute limitations and how they are mitigated by new techniques or extensions. Hop limited probing can reveal an IP interface vision of the Internet. We next focus on techniques for aggregating several IP interfaces of a given router into a single identifier. This leads to a router level vision of the topology. The aggregation can be done through a process called alias resolution. We also review a technique based on IGMP probing that silently collect all multicast interfaces of a router into a single probe. We next refine the router level topology by adding subnet information. We finish this chapter by discussing the AS level topology, in particular the relationships between ASes and the induced hierarchy. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrosatellite Amplification in Plants: Optimization Procedure of Major PCR Components
Ghaffari, Sana; Hasnaoui, Nejib ULg

in Kantartzi, Stella (Ed.) Methods in Molecular Biology™ series: Microsatllites (2013)

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See detailRechtskeuzebeding
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Ballon, Luc-Gabriël; De Decker, Hans; Sagaert, Vincent (Eds.) et al Contractuele clauses - gemeenrechtelijke clausules (2013)

This chapter gives an overview of the legal regime pertaining to choice of law clauses. The focus is on the regime applicable within the EU, in the light in particular of Article 3 of the Rome I ... [more ▼]

This chapter gives an overview of the legal regime pertaining to choice of law clauses. The focus is on the regime applicable within the EU, in the light in particular of Article 3 of the Rome I Regulation (although reference is also made to the Belgian Code of Private International Law and various other conventions). The contribution aims to provide guidelines for contract drafters. The chapter starts with a general description of the role of choice of law clauses before analysing in depth the validity requirements for such clauses. The contribution provides numerous examples of choice of law clauses, which are commented. [less ▲]

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See detailPoultry supply chains and challenge facing the poultry smallholders in Hanoi suburban
Phan Dang, Thang ULg; Duquesne, Brigitte; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

in Hanoi University of Agriculture; Francophone Joint University Council (CIUF) (Eds.) Proceedings of Scientific Research Results - Institutional University Cooperation Program 2008-2012 (2013)

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See detailThe acetylation method
Thiry, Marc ULg; Thelen, Nicolas

in Exbrayat, Jean-Marie (Ed.) Histochemical and cytochemical methods of visualization (2013)

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See detailEnantioseparations in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis using charged cyclodextrins.
Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg; Fillet, Marianne ULg

in Methods in Molecular Biology 970: Chiral Separations (2013)

The enantioseparation of acidic and basic compounds can be successfully achieved in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis using single-isomer charged beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) derivatives of opposite ... [more ▼]

The enantioseparation of acidic and basic compounds can be successfully achieved in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis using single-isomer charged beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) derivatives of opposite charge to that of the analytes. This chapter describes how to separate the enantiomers of three basic substances selected as model compounds, i.e., alprenolol, bupranolol, and terbutaline, using the negatively charged heptakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-CD. The enantiomers of three acidic drugs (tiaprofenic acid, suprofen, and flurbiprofen) are resolved using a monosubstituted amino beta-CD derivative, namely, 6-monodeoxy-6-mono(3-hydroxy)propylamino-beta-CD. [less ▲]

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See detailL'artiste égyptien, ce grand méconnu de l'Égyptologie
Laboury, Dimitri ULg

in Andreu, Guillemette (Ed.) L'art du contour. Le dessin dans l'Égypte ancienne (2013)

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See detailQu’est-ce qu’une expression ? Obscurité et complexité dans le Tractatus logicus-philosophicus
Badir, Sémir ULg

in de Chanay, Hugues; Colas-Blaise, Marion; Le Guern, Odile (Eds.) Dire / Montrer. Au cœur du sens (2013)

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See detailStiction Failure in Microswitches Due to Elasto-Plastic Adhesive Contacts
Wu, Ling ULg; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg; Noels, Ludovic ULg

in Shaw, Gordon; Prorok, Bart; Starman, LaVern (Eds.) MEMS and Nanotechnology, Volume 6 (2013)

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See detailHouseholds' net incomes and food consumption in suburban Hanoi
Vu Dinh, Ton; Phan Dang, Thang ULg; Duquesne, Brigitte et al

in Hanoi University of Agriculture; Francophone Joint University Council (CIUF) (Eds.) Proceedings of Scientific Research Results - Institutional University Cooperation Program 2008-2012 (2013)

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See detailLe recouvrement amiable en droit belge
Berthe, Aude ULg

in Un recouvrement de créances sans frontières (2013)

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See detailJeanne du Houx
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Fella, Audrey (Ed.) Les Femmes mystiques. Histoire et dictionnaire (2013)

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See detail6 - Functional analysis of the lithics
Rots, Veerle ULg

in Vermeersch, Pierre M. (Ed.) The Ahrensburgian at Zonhoven-Molenheide (Belgium) (2013)

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See detailInterjections
Denizot, Camille ULg

in Giannakis, Georgios K. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics (2013)

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See detailInformation-Theoretic Gene Selection In Expression Data
Meyer, Patrick ULg; Bontempi, Gianluca

in Biological Knowledge Discovery Handbook: Preprocessing, Mining, and Postprocessing of Biological Data (2013)

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See detailThe solidarity economy : emancipatory action to challenge politics
Frère, Bruno ULg

in Genevey, Remy; Pachauri, Rejendra; Tubiana, Laurence (Eds.) Reducing Inequalities. (2013)

The first part of this article focuses mainly on understanding the solidarity economy, with the help of quantitative data and examples of initiatives from Europe, the Anglosphere and Asia. The second part ... [more ▼]

The first part of this article focuses mainly on understanding the solidarity economy, with the help of quantitative data and examples of initiatives from Europe, the Anglosphere and Asia. The second part deepens the analysis with regard to the observation that the solidarity economy is an alternative in which, in the words of Karl Polanyi (1985), the economy is re-embedded into politics and democracy. We note that the solidarity economy combines two fundamental dimensions: first, although the middle classes participate in the solidarity economy, it is largely initiated by and for this new disaffiliated class regardless of the country or continent; secondly its utopian outlook is that of the overthrow of capitalism (as distinct from the market) since its organizational model draws much from associationist socialism and the libertarian principles of the nineteenth century that have been described elsewhere (FRERE, 2009). However, it is precisely the failure of the associationist socialism movement, which is caught between Marxism and liberalism, that has taught us that such a model must be politically focused and organized to be effective. Finally, the last part of the article is devoted to the question of whether the solidarity economy today has the strength to assert itself as what it means to be, namely, an alternative potential model, rather than what the market and the State wants it to be: a management and accounting tool for tackling unemployment and disaffiliation. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent trend anomaly of hydrogen chloride (HCl) at northern mid-latitudes derived from Jungfraujoch, HALOE and ACE-FTS Infrared solar observations
Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg; Zander, Rodolphe ULg; Bernath, Peter F. et al

in Bernath, Peter F. (Ed.) The Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment ACE at 10: A Solar Occultation Anthology (2013)

In this contribution, we analyze infrared solar observations recorded from the ground at the Jungfraujoch station and from space with the HALOE and the ACE-FTS instruments to derive time series of ... [more ▼]

In this contribution, we analyze infrared solar observations recorded from the ground at the Jungfraujoch station and from space with the HALOE and the ACE-FTS instruments to derive time series of stratospheric columns of hydrogen chloride (HCl) at Northern mid-latitudes. We investigate the Jungfraujoch and the composite satellite time series to characterize the evolution of HCl over the last 15 years, i.e. after its peak loading which occurred in 1996 in this region of the Earth’s atmosphere. Trends derived from both data sets are compared and possible causes for the recent change in the stratospheric HCl buildup are evoked. [less ▲]

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See detailQuestions choisies en matière de recouvrement fiscal
Bourgeois, Marc ULg; Oprenyeszk, Jordan ULg; Pirotte, Nathalie

in Bourgeois, Marc; Philippe, Denis-Emmanuel (Eds.) Actualités de droit fiscal - Anno 2013 (2013)

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See detailForumkeuzebeding
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Ballon, Gabriël-Luc; De Decker, Hans; Sagaert, Vincent (Eds.) et al Contractuele clauses - gemeenrechtelijke clausules (2013)

This chapter gives an overview of the legal regime pertaining to choice of court clauses. The focus is on the regime applicable within the EU, in the light in particular of Article 23 of the Brussels I ... [more ▼]

This chapter gives an overview of the legal regime pertaining to choice of court clauses. The focus is on the regime applicable within the EU, in the light in particular of Article 23 of the Brussels I Regulation (although reference is also made to the Belgian Code of Private International Law and the Hague Choice of Court Convention). The contribution aims to provide guidelines for contract drafters. The chapter starts with a general description of the role of choice of court clauses before analysing in depth the validity requirements for such clauses. The contribution provides numerous examples of choice of court clauses, which are commented. [less ▲]

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See detailIs There a Link Between Past Performance and Fund Failure?
Cogneau, Philippe ULg; Bodson, Laurent ULg; Hübner, Georges ULg

in Terraza, Virginie; Razafitombo, Hery (Eds.) Understanding Investment Funds (2013)

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See detailToward a Sustainable Energy transition in the Built Environment
Reiter, Sigrid ULg; Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg

in Reiter, Sigrid (Ed.) Energy Consumption : Impacts of Human Activity, Current and Future Challenges, Environmental and Socio-economic Effects (2013)

The world is undergoing the largest wave of urban growth in history. In the actual context of growing interests in environmental issues, uban areas are known to present high potentialities in terms of ... [more ▼]

The world is undergoing the largest wave of urban growth in history. In the actual context of growing interests in environmental issues, uban areas are known to present high potentialities in terms of energy reduction. However, existing models and regulation often adopt the perspective of the individual building as an autonomous entity, and neglect the importance of phenomena linked to larger scales, while decisions made at the neighbourhood and the city scales have important consequences on the performance of individual buildings, on the transport habits of the inhabitants and on the potential mutualisation of renewable energy production. This chapter examines strategies toward a sustainable energy transition in the built environment. The chapter summarizes and put into perspectives findings from numerous studies that have investigated parameters influencing energy consumption of the built environment including location, urban form, density, mix use, mobility patterns, buildings insulation, energy mix and inhabitants’ behaviours. This chapter contributes to the important area of understanding how to facilitate a sustainable transition in the built environment through urban and suburban renewal. [less ▲]

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See detailQuand la déception guette la mémoire des camps de concentration et d’extermination. Paroles de jeunes
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULg

in Fijalkow, Jacques; Fijalkow, Igal (Eds.) Les élèves face à la Shoah : lieux, histoire, voyages (2013)

Dans le cadre du « Décret mémoire », la Communauté française de Belgique a lancé des appels à projet, parmi lesquels figure l’organisation de visites de lieux de mémoire et de séminaires à destination des ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre du « Décret mémoire », la Communauté française de Belgique a lancé des appels à projet, parmi lesquels figure l’organisation de visites de lieux de mémoire et de séminaires à destination des enseignants. Profitant de cette occasion, nous avons mis en place un projet pédagogique avec des élèves âgés de seize à dix-huit ans de l’Athénée Royal de Vielsalm-Manhay (Belgique, province de Luxembourg) pour nous rendre, entre autres, dans les camps de concentration et d’extermination d’Auschwitz-Birkenau. Afin d’évaluer les effets d’un tel voyage, plusieurs focus groups (groupes de discussion) ont été réalisés avec ces jeunes. Une première vague de focus groups a été réalisée un an avant la visite des camps afin de recueillir leurs opinions sur la thématique de la mémoire des faits génocidaires. Une deuxième vague a directement suivi la visite des camps, à Auschwitz même. Enfin, la troisième et dernière vague a été réalisée six mois après la visite. Le corpus de données, entièrement retranscrit et analysé avec l’appui d’un logiciel d’analyse qualitative, a livré des résultats particulièrement riches. Un élément ressort de manière prégnante : la déception des jeunes face aux lieux visités qui, selon eux, ne reflètent pas la réalité et qui présentent un côté trop « muséal ». La contribution vise à analyser, sur base du matériel empirique abondant, les opinions et discours des jeunes formulés à la suite de la visite des deux camps. Elle s’attache en particulier à exposer les raisons motivant leur déception et à mettre en avant leurs attentes quant à de tels lieux. [less ▲]

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See detailGlauben, wissen, feuern. Wirtschaftsjournalistische Kollokationen rund ums Management
Hümmer, Christiane; Münzberg, Franziska ULg

in Große, Sybille (Ed.) Angewandte Linguistik. Zwischen Theorien, Konzepten und der Beschreibung sprachlicher Äußerungen. (FS für Gerda Haßler) (2013)

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See detailGroupe d'Ateliers de Recherche (GAR asbl)
Frankignoulle, Pierre ULg

in Archives : pour une reconnaissance de l'architecture. Livre blanc des archives en Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles. (2013)

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See detailLes conditions générales
Biquet, Christine ULg; Delforge, Cécile ULg; Rozenberg, Fanny ULg

in Lecocq, Pascale; Dambre, Maarten (Eds.) Chronique de Droit à l’usage des juges de paix et de police 2013 (2013)

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See detailBaillon André
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Blanchaud, Corinne (Ed.) Dictionnaire des écrivains francophones (2013)

notice concernant l'écrivain belge André Baillon

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See detailThermotherapy, chemotherapy and meristem culture in banana
Lassois, Ludivine ULg; Lepoivre, Philippe ULg; Van den Houwe, Ines et al

in Lambardi, M.; Ozudogru, A. E.; Jain, S. M. (Eds.) Protocols for micropropagation of selected economically-important horticultural plants (2013)

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See detailNon-local Damage-Enhanced MFH for Multiscale Simulations of Composites
Wu, Ling ULg; Noels, Ludovic ULg; Adam, Laurent et al

in Patterson, Eann; Backman, David; Cloud, Gary (Eds.) Composite Materials and Joining Technologies for Composites, Volume 7 (2013)

In this work, a gradient-enhanced mean-field homogenization (MFH) procedure is proposed for fiber reinforced materials. In this approach, the fibers are assumed to remain linear elastic while the matrix ... [more ▼]

In this work, a gradient-enhanced mean-field homogenization (MFH) procedure is proposed for fiber reinforced materials. In this approach, the fibers are assumed to remain linear elastic while the matrix material obeys an elasto-plastic behavior enhanced by a damage model. As classical finite element simulations face the problems of losing uniqueness and strain localization when strain softening of materials is involved, we develop the mean-field homogenization in a non-local way. Toward this end we use the so-called non-local implicit approach, reformulated in an anisotropic way to describe the damage in the matrix. As a result we have a multi-scale model that can be used to study the damage process at the meso-scale, and in particular the damaging of plies in a composite stack, in an efficient comput0ational way. As a demonstration a stack with a hole is studied and it is shown that the model predicts the damaging process in bands oriented with the fiber directions. [less ▲]

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See detailUne bibliographie critique relative au bilinguisme grec-latin
Carlig, Nathan ULg

in Marganne, Marie-Hélène; Rochette, Bruno (Eds.) Bilinguisme et digraphisme dans le monde gréco-romain. Actes de la Table Ronde Internationale (Liège, 12-13 mai 2011) (2013)

This paper presents the project of a critical bibliography on Greek-Latin bilingualism and on the relations of Greek and Latin with other languages. This project has been ongoing in the Department of ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the project of a critical bibliography on Greek-Latin bilingualism and on the relations of Greek and Latin with other languages. This project has been ongoing in the Department of Classics at the University of Liège since September 2009. The bibliographical database, which currently contains about 1768 notices, will be available online and searchable through a thesaurus of key-words. [less ▲]

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See detailMeta-learning of Exploration/Exploitation Strategies: The Multi-Armed Bandit Case
Maes, Francis; Wehenkel, Louis ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg

in Filipe, Joaquim; Fred, Ana (Eds.) Agents and Artificial Intelligence: 4th International Conference, ICAART 2012, Vilamoura, Portugal, February 6-8, 2012. Revised Selected Papers (2013)

The exploration/exploitation (E/E) dilemma arises naturally in many subfields of Science. Multi-armed bandit problems formalize this dilemma in its canonical form. Most current research in this field ... [more ▼]

The exploration/exploitation (E/E) dilemma arises naturally in many subfields of Science. Multi-armed bandit problems formalize this dilemma in its canonical form. Most current research in this field focuses on generic solutions that can be applied to a wide range of problems. However, in practice, it is often the case that a form of prior information is available about the specific class of target problems. Prior knowledge is rarely used in current solutions due to the lack of a systematic approach to incorporate it into the E/E strategy. To address a specific class of E/E problems, we propose to proceed in three steps: (i) model prior knowledge in the form of a probability distribution over the target class of E/E problems; (ii) choose a large hypothesis space of candidate E/E strategies; and (iii), solve an optimization problem to find a candidate E/E strategy of maximal average performance over a sample of problems drawn from the prior distribution. We illustrate this meta-learning approach with two different hypothesis spaces: one where E/E strategies are numerically parameterized and another where E/E strategies are represented as small symbolic formulas. We propose appropriate optimization algorithms for both cases. Our experiments, with two-armed “Bernoulli” bandit problems and various playing budgets, show that the metalearnt E/E strategies outperform generic strategies of the literature (UCB1, UCB1-T UNED, UCB-V, KL-UCB and epsilon-GREEDY); they also evaluate the robustness of the learnt E/E strategies, by tests carried out on arms whose rewards follow a truncated Gaussian distribution. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Third Sector
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Bruni, Luigi; Zamagni, Stefano (Eds.) Handbook on the Economics of Reciprocity and Social Enterprise (2013)

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See detailInstruction à l'audience d'introduction
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailFiches linguistiques, didactiques et méthodologiques
Babault, Sophie; Belair, Louise; Bento, Margaret et al

in Mémento IFADEM (81 pages) (2013)

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See detailL'impatto della scoperta del manoscritto veronese sull’insegnamento del diritto romano nel Belgio
Gerkens, Jean-François ULg

in Milazzo, Francesco (Ed.) Gaius Noster: Nei segni del Veronese: atti del Convegno (Copanello 8-11 giugno 2012) (2013)

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See detailLes comptes courants d'associés: questions choisies en droit commercial et en droit des sociétés
Gol, Déborah ULg

in Bourgeois, Marc (Ed.) Le compte courant dans la vie des affaires (2013)

La contribution envisage plus particulièrement l'usage des comptes courants d'associés sous deux angles: d'une part, une tendance à l'effacement de la dichotomie traditionnelle entre la créance et l ... [more ▼]

La contribution envisage plus particulièrement l'usage des comptes courants d'associés sous deux angles: d'une part, une tendance à l'effacement de la dichotomie traditionnelle entre la créance et l'apport, qui s'observe particulièrement dans le contentieux des entreprises en difficultés et, par ailleurs, une tendance à réaffirmer cette dualité au regard de questions qui touchent aux rapports entre l'associé et sa société et en particulier à la faculté pour ce dernier d'être traité, à l'égard de sa société, comme n'importe quel créancier. [less ▲]

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See detailLa communication des pièces
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailModeling and Prediction of Time-Varying Environmental Data Using Advanced Bayesian Methods
Mansouri, Majdi ULg; Dumont, Benjamin ULg; Destain, Marie-France ULg

in Masegosa, Antoçnio; Villacorta, Pablo; Cruz-Corona, Carlos (Eds.) et al Exploring Innovative and Successful Applications of Soft Computing (2013)

The problem of state/parameter estimation represents a key issue in crop models which are nonlinear, non-Gaussian and include a large number of parameters. The prediction errors are often important due to ... [more ▼]

The problem of state/parameter estimation represents a key issue in crop models which are nonlinear, non-Gaussian and include a large number of parameters. The prediction errors are often important due to uncertainties in the equations, the input variables, and the parameters. The measurements needed to run the model (input data), to perform calibration and validation are sometimes not numerous or known with some uncertainty. In these cases, estimating the state variables and/or parameters from easily obtained measurements can be extremely useful. In this work, we address the problem of modeling and prediction of leaf area index and soil moisture (LSM) using state estimation. The performances of various conventional and state-of-the-art state estimation techniques are compared when they are utilized to achieve this objective. These techniques include the extended Kalman filter (EKF), unscented Kalman filter (UKF), particle filter (PF), and the more recently developed technique variational Bayesian filter (VF). The objective of this work is to extend the state and parameter estimation techniques (i.e., EKF, UKF, PF and VF) to better handle nonlinear and non-Gaussian processes without a priori state information, by utilizing a time-varying assumption of statistical parameters. In this case, the state vector to be estimated at any instant is assumed to follow a Gaussian model, where the expectation and the covariance matrix are both random. The randomness of the expectation and the covariance of the state/parameter vector are assumed here to further capture the uncertainty of the state distribution. One practical choice of these distributions can be a Gaussian distribution for the expectation and a multi-dimensional Wishart distribution for the covariance matrix. The assumption of random mean and random covariance of the state leads to a probability distribution covering a wide range of tail behaviors, which allows discrete jumps in the state variables. [less ▲]

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See detailLes conclusions
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailApproaches to synthesize carbon-supported platinum-based electrocatalysts for proton-exchange membrane fuel cells
Maillard, Frédéric; Job, Nathalie ULg; Chatenet, Marian

in Suib, Steven (Ed.) New and future developments in catalysis. Batteries, hydrogen storage and fuel cells (2013)

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See detailLa circonscription fédérale en Belgique : une approche délibérative de la question
Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg

in Brunet, Sébastien; Claisse, Frédéric; Fallon, Catherine (Eds.) La participation à l'épreuve (2013)

L’idée d’une circonscription électorale fédérale (CEF) en Belgique a connu un intérêt tout particulier au cours de la période pré-électorale du 10 juin 2007. Durant la campagne, le groupe PAVIA a présenté ... [more ▼]

L’idée d’une circonscription électorale fédérale (CEF) en Belgique a connu un intérêt tout particulier au cours de la période pré-électorale du 10 juin 2007. Durant la campagne, le groupe PAVIA a présenté sa proposition de réforme électorale, les hommes et les femmes politiques se sont positionnés, tandis que les éditorialistes du nord et du sud du pays s’exprimaient, plus ou moins favorablement à l’idée. Dans ce chapitre, ce n’est pas tant l’analyse de ces processus qui est explorée mais le regard citoyen sur la question. À l'aide d'un protocole délibératif (atelier scénario) nous tentons de mieux connaître – et comprendre – les opinions citoyennes. Réunissant douze personnes de l’arrondissement liégeois, deux experts et le monde politique, ces ateliers scénarios eurent lieu à l’automne 2009. [less ▲]

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See detailJeanne de Cambry
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Fella, Audrey (Ed.) Les Femmes mystiques. Histoire et dictionnaire (2013)

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See detailDe l'individualité de l'artiste dans l'art égyptien
Laboury, Dimitri ULg

in Andreu, Guillemette (Ed.) L'art du contour. Le dessin dans l'Égypte ancienne (2013)

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See detailLo que los Sistemas Nacionales de Innovación no miran. Una crítica constructiva de las políticas de ciencia y tecnología a partir del ‘modelo de la soja transgénica’
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Vasen, Federico

in Tula Molina, Fernando; Vara, Ana Maria (Eds.) Riesgo, política y alternativas tecnológicas. Entre la regulación y la discusión pública (2013)

En todo el mundo, las políticas y planes estratégicos de ciencia, tecnología e innovación (CTI) integran y reproducen una narrativa de innovación para el desarrollo a través del crecimiento económico ... [more ▼]

En todo el mundo, las políticas y planes estratégicos de ciencia, tecnología e innovación (CTI) integran y reproducen una narrativa de innovación para el desarrollo a través del crecimiento económico, utilizando conceptos tales como “sistemas nacionales de innovación” (SNI) (Lundvall, 1992) o “sociedad del conocimiento” o “economía del conocimiento”. Incluso si este modelo de innovación no es ideal o no está adaptado a las realidades locales, ha sido propuesto una y otra vez por organismos internacionales de crédito como el Banco Mundial, el Fondo Monetario Internacional o Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo. La ecuación que está en el corazón de esta narrativa ha sido siempre la misma: fomentar la innovación (e invirtiendo para fortalecer su lugar en la economía nacional) llevará indefectiblemente a mayores beneficios económicos que en última instancia ayudarán a mejorar el nivel de bienestar social. De hecho, al minimo al nivel del discurso institucional, los sistemas nacionales de innovación existen (o hay promesas acerca de que van a existir) en todo lugar en que haya innovación. Volver real y eficiente el sistema se presenta como una precondición para la competitividad y el desarrollo futuro. En la realidad sin embargo, estos sistemas apenas existen en los mayores países en desarrollo, en función de las características del entramado institucional existente, las características de los actores locales, la falta de recursos materiales y simbólicos, los fuertes lazos de dependencia económica y las amplias desigualdades sociales. De modo central, y sin que exista necesariamente una reflexión acerca de si ese camino es el más indicado, tomar el camino de la “sociedad del conocimiento” seriamente, al establecer una estructura institucional para un sistema nacional de innovación, se transforma en el motor para el financiamiento de nuevas políticas públicas. Si la innovación finalmente tiene lugar, esto puede significar también que el poder ha sido desigualmente distribuido entre un número de actores que participaron, de una u otra forma, de un proceso sistémico complejo que pudo involucrar la extracción de recursos naturales, la investigación fundamental y aplicada, desarrollos industriales y márgenes de competitividad que llevaron a mayores beneficios. Este proceso pudo haber implicado la participación activa de los diferentes stakeholders, y la confrontación de diferentes líneas de argumentos, visiones económicas y prioridades socio-políticas. La mayoría del tiempo, cuando los países en desarrollo adoptan la narrativa de la “innovación para el desarrollo”, caen víctimas de un discurso dominante que está arraigado o relacionado con una estructura hegemónica (Radaelli, 2000), un patrón consistente que refleja la colonialidad del poder (Quijano, 2000). En un artículo reciente, Delvenne y Thoreau (2012) se ocupan del influyente y extendido enfoque de los Sistemas Nacionales de Innovación y discuten su adecuación a países que no son miembros de la OCDE, especialmente en América Latina donde tiende a ser reificado. A pesar de que el enfoque de los SNI supuestamente está pensado para abordar las necesidades más urgentes de las economías a las que se aplica, los autores señalan que se beneficiaría con el desarrollo de una visión más abarcativa, que permita integrar mayor diversidad y complejidad. En este capítulo, nos apoyaremos en primer término en su diagnóstico y lo articularemos con la historia del régimen de CTI en América Latina, con un foco especial en Argentina. En un segundo momento, a través de una visión general del caso de la soja transgénica y su importancia para la balanza de pagos de Argentina, exploramos la siguiente paradoja: mientras numerosos académicos señalan la necesidad de desarrollar una agenda de innovación para los países del sur, con un “marco sureño de pensamiento” (Arocena y Sutz, 2003), los planes nacionales de CTI y los desarrollos actuales en biotecnología siguen descansando en una versión reduccionista de la innovación que impide que esta “perspectiva sureña” pueda emerger, y los limita a metas económicas, considerando las aspectos sociales y ecológicos como meras externalidades. Nos proponemos explorar las razones detrás de esta situación y observamos que esto tiene un impacto en los actores que desean utilizar la CTI de modo más reflexivo, a la vez que también en la eficiencia de las políticas de CTI en Argentina. Nuestra intención no es la de criticar ciegamente la orientación de las políticas CTI hacia el crecimiento económico, sino más bien contribuir -a través de un excelente ejemplo de un sector central de la economía argentina- a introducir una perspectiva más crítica y abarcativa de estas políticas públicas. [less ▲]

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See detailDes fixations et des remises
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detail[Notices de catalogue]
Rusch, Arnaud ULg

in Christin, Olivier; Roze, Francine (Eds.) Un nouveau monde : Naissance de la Lorraine moderne (2013)

Notices de catalogue : L'entrée de Henri IV de France (1608), n°240, p.368. La pompe funèbre du duc Charles III (1611), n°242, pp.370-372. L'ordre des funérailles du duc Charles III (1609), n°243, pp.373 ... [more ▼]

Notices de catalogue : L'entrée de Henri IV de France (1608), n°240, p.368. La pompe funèbre du duc Charles III (1611), n°242, pp.370-372. L'ordre des funérailles du duc Charles III (1609), n°243, pp.373. L'entrée solennelle du duc Henri II (1610), n°241a, p.368. La petite procession du duc Henri II (1611), n°241b, p.369. Le Combat à la barrière (1627), n°245, pp.374-375. [less ▲]

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See detailLes plans simples de gestion pour les ressources des communautés
Dubiez, Emilien; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Larzillière, Adélaïde et al

in Louppe, Dominique; Larzillière, Adélaïde (Eds.) Quand la ville mange la forêt : les défis du bois-énergie en Afrique centrale (2013)

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