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See detailCaryl Phillips
Ledent, Bénédicte ULg

in Encyclopedia of Afroeuropean Studies (2013)

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See detailApproaches to synthesize carbon-supported platinum-based electrocatalysts for proton-exchange membrane fuel cells
Maillard, Frédéric; Job, Nathalie ULg; Chatenet, Marian

in Suib, Steven (Ed.) New and future developments in catalysis. Batteries, hydrogen storage and fuel cells (2013)

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See detailPostface à Echec au temps de Marcel Thiry
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Echec au temps (2013)

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See detailModeling and Prediction of Time-Varying Environmental Data Using Advanced Bayesian Methods
Mansouri, Majdi ULg; Dumont, Benjamin ULg; Destain, Marie-France ULg

in Masegosa, Antoçnio; Villacorta, Pablo; Cruz-Corona, Carlos (Eds.) et al Exploring Innovative and Successful Applications of Soft Computing (2013)

The problem of state/parameter estimation represents a key issue in crop models which are nonlinear, non-Gaussian and include a large number of parameters. The prediction errors are often important due to ... [more ▼]

The problem of state/parameter estimation represents a key issue in crop models which are nonlinear, non-Gaussian and include a large number of parameters. The prediction errors are often important due to uncertainties in the equations, the input variables, and the parameters. The measurements needed to run the model (input data), to perform calibration and validation are sometimes not numerous or known with some uncertainty. In these cases, estimating the state variables and/or parameters from easily obtained measurements can be extremely useful. In this work, we address the problem of modeling and prediction of leaf area index and soil moisture (LSM) using state estimation. The performances of various conventional and state-of-the-art state estimation techniques are compared when they are utilized to achieve this objective. These techniques include the extended Kalman filter (EKF), unscented Kalman filter (UKF), particle filter (PF), and the more recently developed technique variational Bayesian filter (VF). The objective of this work is to extend the state and parameter estimation techniques (i.e., EKF, UKF, PF and VF) to better handle nonlinear and non-Gaussian processes without a priori state information, by utilizing a time-varying assumption of statistical parameters. In this case, the state vector to be estimated at any instant is assumed to follow a Gaussian model, where the expectation and the covariance matrix are both random. The randomness of the expectation and the covariance of the state/parameter vector are assumed here to further capture the uncertainty of the state distribution. One practical choice of these distributions can be a Gaussian distribution for the expectation and a multi-dimensional Wishart distribution for the covariance matrix. The assumption of random mean and random covariance of the state leads to a probability distribution covering a wide range of tail behaviors, which allows discrete jumps in the state variables. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalytical Methodology of POPs
Reiner, EJ; Jobst, KJ; Megson, D et al

in Environmental Forensics: Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) (2013)

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See detailThermotherapy, chemotherapy and meristem culture in banana
Lassois, Ludivine ULg; Lepoivre, Philippe ULg; Van den Houwe, Ines et al

in Lambardi, M.; Ozudogru, A. E.; Jain, S. M. (Eds.) Protocols for micropropagation of selected economically-important horticultural plants (2013)

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See detailIde de Louvain
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Fella, Audrey (Ed.) Les Femmes mystiques. Histoire et dictionnaire (2013)

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See detailEnantioseparations in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis using charged cyclodextrins.
Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg; Fillet, Marianne ULg

in Methods in Molecular Biology 970: Chiral Separations (2013)

The enantioseparation of acidic and basic compounds can be successfully achieved in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis using single-isomer charged beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) derivatives of opposite ... [more ▼]

The enantioseparation of acidic and basic compounds can be successfully achieved in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis using single-isomer charged beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) derivatives of opposite charge to that of the analytes. This chapter describes how to separate the enantiomers of three basic substances selected as model compounds, i.e., alprenolol, bupranolol, and terbutaline, using the negatively charged heptakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-CD. The enantiomers of three acidic drugs (tiaprofenic acid, suprofen, and flurbiprofen) are resolved using a monosubstituted amino beta-CD derivative, namely, 6-monodeoxy-6-mono(3-hydroxy)propylamino-beta-CD. [less ▲]

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See detailProduction and processing of canna vermicelli in Hung Yen Province toward sustainable development
Le, Thi Long Vy ULg; Do Truong, Lam; Vu Dinh, Ton et al

in Hanoi University of Agriculture; Francophone Joint University Council (CIUF) (Eds.) Proceedings of Scientific Research Results - Institutional University Cooperation Program 2008-2012 (2013)

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See detailGlauben, wissen, feuern. Wirtschaftsjournalistische Kollokationen rund ums Management
Hümmer, Christiane; Münzberg, Franziska ULg

in Große, Sybille (Ed.) Angewandte Linguistik. Zwischen Theorien, Konzepten und der Beschreibung sprachlicher Äußerungen. (FS für Gerda Haßler) (2013)

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See detailImpact de la méthode d'estimation du niveau d'habileté et du choix des premiers items sur l'efficacité de l'administration adaptative du TCALS II
Magis, David ULg; Raîche, Gilles

in Raîche, Gilles; Ndinga, Pascal; Meunier, Hélène (Eds.) Des mécanismes pour assurer la validité de l'interprétation de la mesure en éducation. Tome 3: : aspects pratiques (2013)

Le TCALS II (test de classement en anglais, langue seconde, au collégial, 2e version) est un questionnaire constitué d’un nombre fixe de 85 items administré aux étudiants de la province du Québec qui ... [more ▼]

Le TCALS II (test de classement en anglais, langue seconde, au collégial, 2e version) est un questionnaire constitué d’un nombre fixe de 85 items administré aux étudiants de la province du Québec qui entament des études au niveau collégial. Une version adaptative informatisée de ce test est envisagée pour la première fois dans cette étude. Deux problématiques sont regardées de plus près : le choix d’une méthode d’estimation du niveau d’habileté optimale et la sélection des premiers items du test. Ces deux problématiques sont étudiées simultanément par le biais de simulation Monte-Carlo à partir de plusieurs règles d’arrêt liées à la longueur du test. On en conclut que le choix des premiers items affecte peu l’estimation du niveau d’habileté, tandis que des différences notoires apparaissent toutefois entre les quatre méthodes d’estimation comparées. Certaines conclusions et recommandations sont dressées pour la poursuite ultérieure de ces travaux. [less ▲]

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See detailQu’est-ce qu’une expression ? Obscurité et complexité dans le Tractatus logicus-philosophicus
Badir, Sémir ULg

in de Chanay, Hugues; Colas-Blaise, Marion; Le Guern, Odile (Eds.) Dire / Montrer. Au cœur du sens (2013)

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See detailLa méthodologie de cartographie, d’inventaire et d’évaluation des états de conservation dans les sites Natura 2000 en Région wallonne.
Dufrêne, Marc ULg; Delescaille, Louis-Marie; Derochette, Luc

in Born, Charles-Hubert; Haumont, Françis (Eds.) Actualités du droit rural : vers une gestion plus durable des espaces ruraux ? (2013)

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See detailThe Third Sector
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Bruni, Luigi; Zamagni, Stefano (Eds.) Handbook on the Economics of Reciprocity and Social Enterprise (2013)

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See detailInternet Topology Discovery
Donnet, Benoît ULg

in Biersack, Ernst; Callegari, Christian; Matijasevic, Maja (Eds.) Data Traffic Monitoring and Analysis: From Measurement, Classification, and Anomaly Detection to Quality of Experience (2013)

Since the nineties, the Internet has seen an impressive growth, in terms of users, intermediate systems (such as routers), autonomous systems, or applications. In parallel to this growth, the research ... [more ▼]

Since the nineties, the Internet has seen an impressive growth, in terms of users, intermediate systems (such as routers), autonomous systems, or applications. In parallel to this growth, the research community has been looking for obtaining and modeling the Internet topology, i.e., how the various elements of the network interconnect between themselves. An impressive amount of work has been done regarding how to collect data and how to analyse and model it. This chapter reviews main approaches for gathering Internet topology data. We first focus on hop limited probing, i.e., traceroute-like probing. We review large-scale tracerouting projects and discuss traceroute limitations and how they are mitigated by new techniques or extensions. Hop limited probing can reveal an IP interface vision of the Internet. We next focus on techniques for aggregating several IP interfaces of a given router into a single identifier. This leads to a router level vision of the topology. The aggregation can be done through a process called alias resolution. We also review a technique based on IGMP probing that silently collect all multicast interfaces of a router into a single probe. We next refine the router level topology by adding subnet information. We finish this chapter by discussing the AS level topology, in particular the relationships between ASes and the induced hierarchy. [less ▲]

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See detailPortraits d'usagers d'héroïne - Les patients engagés dans l'expérience pilote belge de traitement assisté par diacétylmorphine
Lemaître, André ULg

in KUHN, André; MARGOT, Pierre; AEBI, Marcelo (Eds.) et al Criminology, Criminal Policy and Criminal Law in an International Perspective : Essays in Honour of Martin Killias (2013)

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See detailRechtskeuzebeding
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Ballon, Luc-Gabriël; De Decker, Hans; Sagaert, Vincent (Eds.) et al Contractuele clauses - gemeenrechtelijke clausules (2013)

This chapter gives an overview of the legal regime pertaining to choice of law clauses. The focus is on the regime applicable within the EU, in the light in particular of Article 3 of the Rome I ... [more ▼]

This chapter gives an overview of the legal regime pertaining to choice of law clauses. The focus is on the regime applicable within the EU, in the light in particular of Article 3 of the Rome I Regulation (although reference is also made to the Belgian Code of Private International Law and various other conventions). The contribution aims to provide guidelines for contract drafters. The chapter starts with a general description of the role of choice of law clauses before analysing in depth the validity requirements for such clauses. The contribution provides numerous examples of choice of law clauses, which are commented. [less ▲]

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See detailJerzmanowice points from Spy and the issue of the Lincombian-Ranisian-Jerzmanowician
Flas, Damien ULg

in Rougier, Hélène; Semal, Patrick (Eds.) Spy Cave. State of 125 years of multidisciplinary research at the Betche-aux-Rotches (Jemeppe-sur-Sambre, Province of Namur, Belgium). Volume I (2013)

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See detailThe acetylation method
Thiry, Marc ULg; Thelen, Nicolas

in Exbrayat, Jean-Marie (Ed.) Histochemical and cytochemical methods of visualization (2013)

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See detailStiction Failure in Microswitches Due to Elasto-Plastic Adhesive Contacts
Wu, Ling ULg; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg; Noels, Ludovic ULg

in Shaw, Gordon; Prorok, Bart; Starman, LaVern (Eds.) MEMS and Nanotechnology, Volume 6 (2013)

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See detailVan 'Zwijgsel' naar 'Klein mensdom'. Bij de verzamelde gedichten van Michel Bartosik
Spinoy, Erik ULg

in De Ridder, Matthijs (Ed.) Schroomruil. Verzamelde gedichten (2013)

This text is a detailed presentation of the poetry published by the Flemish poet Michel Bartosik (1948-2008). It offers introductory comments on each published volume as well as a reconstruction of ... [more ▼]

This text is a detailed presentation of the poetry published by the Flemish poet Michel Bartosik (1948-2008). It offers introductory comments on each published volume as well as a reconstruction of Bartosik's development as a poet, against the backdrop of the general evolution of poetry in the Dutch-speaking domain. [less ▲]

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See detailLe recouvrement amiable en droit belge
Berthe, Aude ULg

in Un recouvrement de créances sans frontières (2013)

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See detailInterjections
Denizot, Camille ULg

in Giannakis, Georgios K. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics (2013)

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See detailInformation-Theoretic Gene Selection In Expression Data
Meyer, Patrick ULg; Bontempi, Gianluca

in Biological Knowledge Discovery Handbook: Preprocessing, Mining, and Postprocessing of Biological Data (2013)

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See detailPréface
Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Nespoulet, Roland; Chiotti, Laurent; Henry-Gambier, Dominique (Eds.) Le Gravettien final de l'abri Pataud (Dordogne, France). Fouilles et études 2005-2009 (2013)

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See detail6 - Functional analysis of the lithics
Rots, Veerle ULg

in Vermeersch, Pierre M. (Ed.) The Ahrensburgian at Zonhoven-Molenheide (Belgium) (2013)

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See detailQuestions choisies en matière de recouvrement fiscal
Bourgeois, Marc ULg; Oprenyeszk, Jordan ULg; Pirotte, Nathalie

in Bourgeois, Marc; Philippe, Denis-Emmanuel (Eds.) Actualités de droit fiscal - Anno 2013 (2013)

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See detailForumkeuzebeding
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Ballon, Gabriël-Luc; De Decker, Hans; Sagaert, Vincent (Eds.) et al Contractuele clauses - gemeenrechtelijke clausules (2013)

This chapter gives an overview of the legal regime pertaining to choice of court clauses. The focus is on the regime applicable within the EU, in the light in particular of Article 23 of the Brussels I ... [more ▼]

This chapter gives an overview of the legal regime pertaining to choice of court clauses. The focus is on the regime applicable within the EU, in the light in particular of Article 23 of the Brussels I Regulation (although reference is also made to the Belgian Code of Private International Law and the Hague Choice of Court Convention). The contribution aims to provide guidelines for contract drafters. The chapter starts with a general description of the role of choice of court clauses before analysing in depth the validity requirements for such clauses. The contribution provides numerous examples of choice of court clauses, which are commented. [less ▲]

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See detailLes comptes courants d'associés: questions choisies en droit commercial et en droit des sociétés
Gol, Déborah ULg

in Bourgeois, Marc (Ed.) Le compte courant dans la vie des affaires (2013)

La contribution envisage plus particulièrement l'usage des comptes courants d'associés sous deux angles: d'une part, une tendance à l'effacement de la dichotomie traditionnelle entre la créance et l ... [more ▼]

La contribution envisage plus particulièrement l'usage des comptes courants d'associés sous deux angles: d'une part, une tendance à l'effacement de la dichotomie traditionnelle entre la créance et l'apport, qui s'observe particulièrement dans le contentieux des entreprises en difficultés et, par ailleurs, une tendance à réaffirmer cette dualité au regard de questions qui touchent aux rapports entre l'associé et sa société et en particulier à la faculté pour ce dernier d'être traité, à l'égard de sa société, comme n'importe quel créancier. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent trend anomaly of hydrogen chloride (HCl) at northern mid-latitudes derived from Jungfraujoch, HALOE and ACE-FTS Infrared solar observations
Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg; Zander, Rodolphe ULg; Bernath, Peter F. et al

in Bernath, Peter F. (Ed.) The Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment ACE at 10: A Solar Occultation Anthology (2013)

In this contribution, we analyze infrared solar observations recorded from the ground at the Jungfraujoch station and from space with the HALOE and the ACE-FTS instruments to derive time series of ... [more ▼]

In this contribution, we analyze infrared solar observations recorded from the ground at the Jungfraujoch station and from space with the HALOE and the ACE-FTS instruments to derive time series of stratospheric columns of hydrogen chloride (HCl) at Northern mid-latitudes. We investigate the Jungfraujoch and the composite satellite time series to characterize the evolution of HCl over the last 15 years, i.e. after its peak loading which occurred in 1996 in this region of the Earth’s atmosphere. Trends derived from both data sets are compared and possible causes for the recent change in the stratospheric HCl buildup are evoked. [less ▲]

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See detailJeanne de Cambry
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Fella, Audrey (Ed.) Les Femmes mystiques. Histoire et dictionnaire (2013)

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See detailIs There a Link Between Past Performance and Fund Failure?
Cogneau, Philippe ULg; Bodson, Laurent ULg; Hübner, Georges ULg

in Terraza, Virginie; Razafitombo, Hery (Eds.) Understanding Investment Funds (2013)

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See detailQuand la déception guette la mémoire des camps de concentration et d’extermination. Paroles de jeunes
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULg

in Fijalkow, Jacques; Fijalkow, Igal (Eds.) Les élèves face à la Shoah : lieux, histoire, voyages (2013)

Dans le cadre du « Décret mémoire », la Communauté française de Belgique a lancé des appels à projet, parmi lesquels figure l’organisation de visites de lieux de mémoire et de séminaires à destination des ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre du « Décret mémoire », la Communauté française de Belgique a lancé des appels à projet, parmi lesquels figure l’organisation de visites de lieux de mémoire et de séminaires à destination des enseignants. Profitant de cette occasion, nous avons mis en place un projet pédagogique avec des élèves âgés de seize à dix-huit ans de l’Athénée Royal de Vielsalm-Manhay (Belgique, province de Luxembourg) pour nous rendre, entre autres, dans les camps de concentration et d’extermination d’Auschwitz-Birkenau. Afin d’évaluer les effets d’un tel voyage, plusieurs focus groups (groupes de discussion) ont été réalisés avec ces jeunes. Une première vague de focus groups a été réalisée un an avant la visite des camps afin de recueillir leurs opinions sur la thématique de la mémoire des faits génocidaires. Une deuxième vague a directement suivi la visite des camps, à Auschwitz même. Enfin, la troisième et dernière vague a été réalisée six mois après la visite. Le corpus de données, entièrement retranscrit et analysé avec l’appui d’un logiciel d’analyse qualitative, a livré des résultats particulièrement riches. Un élément ressort de manière prégnante : la déception des jeunes face aux lieux visités qui, selon eux, ne reflètent pas la réalité et qui présentent un côté trop « muséal ». La contribution vise à analyser, sur base du matériel empirique abondant, les opinions et discours des jeunes formulés à la suite de la visite des deux camps. Elle s’attache en particulier à exposer les raisons motivant leur déception et à mettre en avant leurs attentes quant à de tels lieux. [less ▲]

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See detailLe programme participatif et son évaluation procédurale. Le projet plan Déchets pour la gestion à long terme des déchets conditionnés de haute activité et/ou de longue durée de vie
Zwetkoff, Catherine ULg; Parotte, Céline ULg

in Brunet, Sébastien; Fallon, Catherine; Claisse, Frédéric (Eds.) La participation à l'épreuve (2013)

« Tournant délibératif », « impératif participatif » : aujourd’hui, nombreux sont les citoyens, décideurs et chercheurs qui voient dans la participation un moyen d’approfondir et de revitaliser le ... [more ▼]

« Tournant délibératif », « impératif participatif » : aujourd’hui, nombreux sont les citoyens, décideurs et chercheurs qui voient dans la participation un moyen d’approfondir et de revitaliser le processus démocratique. Cependant, les dispositifs concrets qui visent à associer à un même processus (de connaissance ou de décision) des parties prenantes aux intérêts divergents relèvent encore largement de l’expérimentation. Qu’est-ce qui fait le succès ou l’échec d’une expérience participative ? Selon quels critères l’évaluer ? Comment concevoir des dispositifs qui « tiennent » ? Davantage qu’une défense des mérites de la participation, cet ouvrage en propose une mise à l’épreuve, à travers une série de retours d’expériences. Centrés, d’une part, sur l’exploration de controverses et, d’autre part, sur l’évaluation de politiques publiques, les chapitres décrivent les défis méthodologiques auxquels des chercheurs ont été confrontés pour intégrer des publics hétérogènes au processus de décision et faire émerger des représentations essentielles à la compréhension de phénomènes politiques et sociaux. L’ouvrage invite ainsi à une meilleure appréhension de cette aventure participative passionnante mais incertaine, à travers des approches de chercheurs partageant une expérience et une culture méthodologique commune. [less ▲]

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See detailGroupe d'Ateliers de Recherche (GAR asbl)
Frankignoulle, Pierre ULg

in Archives : pour une reconnaissance de l'architecture. Livre blanc des archives en Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles. (2013)

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See detailToussaint Jean-Philippe
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Blanchaud, Corinne (Ed.) Dictionnaire des écrivains francophones (2013)

Notice concernant le romancier belge contemporain Jean-Philippe Toussaint.

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See detailBaillon André
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Blanchaud, Corinne (Ed.) Dictionnaire des écrivains francophones (2013)

notice concernant l'écrivain belge André Baillon

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See detailEnergy Consumption: Preface
Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Reiter, Sigrid (Ed.) Energy Consumption : Impacts of Human Activity, Current and Future Challenges, Environmental and Socio-economic Effects (2013)

Energy is central to sustainable development : it has huge environmental, social, and economic impacts amongst which is its influence on climate change, poverty reduction efforts, industrial and ... [more ▼]

Energy is central to sustainable development : it has huge environmental, social, and economic impacts amongst which is its influence on climate change, poverty reduction efforts, industrial and agricultural productivity and environmental and human health. Developping strategies towards a sustainable energy transition is one of the most important world’s challenges of the twenty-first century. The choices that we will make in the coming years about energy will determine what world future generations will inherit. The book Energy Consumption : Impacts of Human Activity, Current and Future Challenges, Environmental and Socio-economic Effects, gives an overview of the key issues, strategies, operational guidelines and policy implications of current research on transition to more sustainable energy consumption. It investigates the important issue of the relations between human activities, energy systems and energy use. It addresses the environmental, social and economic impacts of energy consumption and their interrelationships. Written by academic and research experts in the field of energy, this book develops strategies for an energy sustainable development of the main energy-intensive sectors: energy production, transportation, buildings, agriculture and domestic appliances. It shows the best opportunities and solutions for energy demand reduction, energy efficiency improvement, increase in the share of renewable energy sources, technological progress and behavioural change in the field of energy. Its aim is to guide the reader to more efficient policies and to actions that really will improve the future. The book addresses also the different issues faced by developing and developed countries as well as their relative respective solutions. It sets out various alternative pathways that are open to our societies. Methods of energy consumption assessment and modeling approaches are also discussed. All those who are interested in the energy challenges will find in this book practical knowledge and operational solutions, providing a solid foundation to help make well-informed choices, as individuals and as societies. [less ▲]

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See detailNon-local Damage-Enhanced MFH for Multiscale Simulations of Composites
Wu, Ling ULg; Noels, Ludovic ULg; Adam, Laurent et al

in Patterson, Eann; Backman, David; Cloud, Gary (Eds.) Composite Materials and Joining Technologies for Composites, Volume 7 (2013)

In this work, a gradient-enhanced mean-field homogenization (MFH) procedure is proposed for fiber reinforced materials. In this approach, the fibers are assumed to remain linear elastic while the matrix ... [more ▼]

In this work, a gradient-enhanced mean-field homogenization (MFH) procedure is proposed for fiber reinforced materials. In this approach, the fibers are assumed to remain linear elastic while the matrix material obeys an elasto-plastic behavior enhanced by a damage model. As classical finite element simulations face the problems of losing uniqueness and strain localization when strain softening of materials is involved, we develop the mean-field homogenization in a non-local way. Toward this end we use the so-called non-local implicit approach, reformulated in an anisotropic way to describe the damage in the matrix. As a result we have a multi-scale model that can be used to study the damage process at the meso-scale, and in particular the damaging of plies in a composite stack, in an efficient comput0ational way. As a demonstration a stack with a hole is studied and it is shown that the model predicts the damaging process in bands oriented with the fiber directions. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude du saule et de l’aulne pour la phytoremédiation des berges de cours d’eau non navigables
Evlard, Aricia ULg; Printz, Bruno; Campanella, Bruno ULg et al

in Druart, Philippe; Husson, Claude; Paul, Roger (Eds.) Renaturation des berges de cours d'eau et phytoremédiation (2013)

Bien que les techniques végétales soient d'application de longue date pour fixer les berges de cours d'eau, elles font maintenant partie d'une réflexion plus générale avec la prise en compte des besoins ... [more ▼]

Bien que les techniques végétales soient d'application de longue date pour fixer les berges de cours d'eau, elles font maintenant partie d'une réflexion plus générale avec la prise en compte des besoins écologiques des écosystèmes de rivières et le développement de l'ingénierie végétale qui régit la mise en oeuvre des renaturations. Les travaux décrits dans cet ouvrage apportent les outils permettant la traçabilité et l'évaluation comportementale d'écotypes ligneux vis-à-vis de risques sanitaires connus (principalement la maladie de l'aulne) ou de pollutions attendues (diffusion de métaux lourds) tout en préservant leur capacité d'adaptation naturelle. Par l'établissement de collections d'aulnes, de saules ou de frênes autochtones et une multiplication végétative respectueuse de la diversité locale, les ressources génétiques de toute une région transfrontalière sont rendues disponibles pour tout programme de renaturation de berges de cours d'eau ou de zones écologiquement équivalentes à réhabiliter dans les bassins de la Meuse, du Rhin et de l'Escaut. Cet ouvrage s'adresse aux gestionnaires de cours d'eau, aux éco-conseillers du monde rural ou urbain, aux étudiants en sciences du vivant, ainsi qu'à toute personne s'intéressant à l'écosystème « rivière » et à la qualité de l'eau. Les stratégies éveloppées peuvent trouver application en d'autres lieux ou avec d'autres essences. [less ▲]

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See detailMeta-learning of Exploration/Exploitation Strategies: The Multi-Armed Bandit Case
Maes, Francis; Wehenkel, Louis ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg

in Filipe, Joaquim; Fred, Ana (Eds.) Agents and Artificial Intelligence: 4th International Conference, ICAART 2012, Vilamoura, Portugal, February 6-8, 2012. Revised Selected Papers (2013)

The exploration/exploitation (E/E) dilemma arises naturally in many subfields of Science. Multi-armed bandit problems formalize this dilemma in its canonical form. Most current research in this field ... [more ▼]

The exploration/exploitation (E/E) dilemma arises naturally in many subfields of Science. Multi-armed bandit problems formalize this dilemma in its canonical form. Most current research in this field focuses on generic solutions that can be applied to a wide range of problems. However, in practice, it is often the case that a form of prior information is available about the specific class of target problems. Prior knowledge is rarely used in current solutions due to the lack of a systematic approach to incorporate it into the E/E strategy. To address a specific class of E/E problems, we propose to proceed in three steps: (i) model prior knowledge in the form of a probability distribution over the target class of E/E problems; (ii) choose a large hypothesis space of candidate E/E strategies; and (iii), solve an optimization problem to find a candidate E/E strategy of maximal average performance over a sample of problems drawn from the prior distribution. We illustrate this meta-learning approach with two different hypothesis spaces: one where E/E strategies are numerically parameterized and another where E/E strategies are represented as small symbolic formulas. We propose appropriate optimization algorithms for both cases. Our experiments, with two-armed “Bernoulli” bandit problems and various playing budgets, show that the metalearnt E/E strategies outperform generic strategies of the literature (UCB1, UCB1-T UNED, UCB-V, KL-UCB and epsilon-GREEDY); they also evaluate the robustness of the learnt E/E strategies, by tests carried out on arms whose rewards follow a truncated Gaussian distribution. [less ▲]

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See detailMarie Dauvaine
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Fella, Audrey (Ed.) Les Femmes mystiques. Histoire et dictionnaire (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
See detailInstruction à l'audience d'introduction
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailComment diviniser son dauphin. Modèles de relation, régimes d'interactivité et savoirs anthropo-zoologiques.
Servais, Véronique ULg

in Roux, Jacques; Charvolin, Florian; Dumain, Aurélie (Eds.) Passions cognitives. L'objectivité à l'épreuve du sensible (2013)

The paper describes three interactivity regimes in human-animal interactions: scholar, ordinary and enchanted. They differ according the the emotional, sensorial and affective engagement of the observer ... [more ▼]

The paper describes three interactivity regimes in human-animal interactions: scholar, ordinary and enchanted. They differ according the the emotional, sensorial and affective engagement of the observer, and according to the type of human-animal communication that takes place. We examine each of these interactive situations as well as the specific knowledge that they offer - or not [less ▲]

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See detailL'impatto della scoperta del manoscritto veronese sull’insegnamento del diritto romano nel Belgio
Gerkens, Jean-François ULg

in Milazzo, Francesco (Ed.) Gaius Noster: Nei segni del Veronese: atti del Convegno (Copanello 8-11 giugno 2012) (2013)

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See detailLa qualité de l’air comme politique transversale : une analyse participative de l’espace de gestion publique
Fallon, Catherine ULg; Hendrickx, Kim ULg; Vanhaeren, Stéphanie ULg

in Brunet, Sébastien; Fallon, Catherine; Claisse, Frédéric (Eds.) La participation à l'épreuve (2013)

Cet article s’appuie sur une étude menée auprès des instances fédérales et régionales chargées de la gestion de la qualité de l’air en Belgique. Grâce à des entretiens préliminaires suivis d'une ... [more ▼]

Cet article s’appuie sur une étude menée auprès des instances fédérales et régionales chargées de la gestion de la qualité de l’air en Belgique. Grâce à des entretiens préliminaires suivis d'une application informatisée de la méthode Delphi (logiciel Mesydel), nous avons pu déterminer que la traduction du cadre européen demanderait le déploiement d’une approche transversale environnement-santé associant tous les niveaux de pouvoir. Mais, les répondants dénoncent l’absence d’intégration de ces politiques aux niveaux régional et fédéral: chaque niveau de pouvoir développe une dynamique propre pour réinterpréter la politique et les instruments définis au niveau européen. Cet article montre que le Delphi a mis en évidence l'adéquation de l'outil au secteur administratif, dont les membres semblent plus prompts à répondre que les scientifiques. [less ▲]

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See detailLa communication des pièces
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailModeling and Prediction of Time-Varying Environmental Data Using Advanced Bayesian Methods
Mansouri, Majdi ULg; Dumont, Benjamin ULg; Destain, Marie-France ULg

in Masegosa, Antoçnio; Villacorta, Pablo; Cruz-Corona, Carlos (Eds.) et al Exploring Innovative and Successful Applications of Soft Computing (2013)

The problem of state/parameter estimation represents a key issue in crop models which are nonlinear, non-Gaussian and include a large number of parameters. The prediction errors are often important due to ... [more ▼]

The problem of state/parameter estimation represents a key issue in crop models which are nonlinear, non-Gaussian and include a large number of parameters. The prediction errors are often important due to uncertainties in the equations, the input variables, and the parameters. The measurements needed to run the model (input data), to perform calibration and validation are sometimes not numerous or known with some uncertainty. In these cases, estimating the state variables and/or parameters from easily obtained measurements can be extremely useful. In this work, we address the problem of modeling and prediction of leaf area index and soil moisture (LSM) using state estimation. The performances of various conventional and state-of-the-art state estimation techniques are compared when they are utilized to achieve this objective. These techniques include the extended Kalman filter (EKF), unscented Kalman filter (UKF), particle filter (PF), and the more recently developed technique variational Bayesian filter (VF). The objective of this work is to extend the state and parameter estimation techniques (i.e., EKF, UKF, PF and VF) to better handle nonlinear and non-Gaussian processes without a priori state information, by utilizing a time-varying assumption of statistical parameters. In this case, the state vector to be estimated at any instant is assumed to follow a Gaussian model, where the expectation and the covariance matrix are both random. The randomness of the expectation and the covariance of the state/parameter vector are assumed here to further capture the uncertainty of the state distribution. One practical choice of these distributions can be a Gaussian distribution for the expectation and a multi-dimensional Wishart distribution for the covariance matrix. The assumption of random mean and random covariance of the state leads to a probability distribution covering a wide range of tail behaviors, which allows discrete jumps in the state variables. [less ▲]

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See detailLes conclusions
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailL’enseignement des focus groups en science politique
Brunet, Sébastien ULg; Parotte, Céline ULg; Vanhaeren, Stéphanie ULg

in Brunet, Sébastien; Fallon, Catherine; Claisse, Frédéric (Eds.) La participation à l'épreuve (2013)

En sciences humaines et sociales, la mobilisation de techniques délibératives comme les groupes focalisés (focus groups) est de nos jours devenue pratique courante. Pour s’en convaincre, il suffit ... [more ▼]

En sciences humaines et sociales, la mobilisation de techniques délibératives comme les groupes focalisés (focus groups) est de nos jours devenue pratique courante. Pour s’en convaincre, il suffit d’identifier les recherches et publications qui, au cours de ces dix dernières années, ont mobilisé ladite technique. La science politique n’échappe pas à ce mouvement général puisque les groupes focalisés permettent in fine de recueillir des informations relatives aux perceptions et représentations des individus, que ceux-ci soient interrogés sur la mise en œuvre de politiques publiques, leur engagement politique, leur confiance aux institutions ou encore leur connaissance d’usage ou profane. À l’Université de Liège, les étudiants de deuxième année de bacca- lauréat en science politique sont invités depuis quelques années à réali- ser un exercice de focus group dans le cadre du cours de méthodologie qualitative. [less ▲]

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See detailLes plans simples de gestion pour les ressources des communautés
Dubiez, Emilien; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Larzillière, Adélaïde et al

in Louppe, Dominique; Larzillière, Adélaïde (Eds.) Quand la ville mange la forêt : les défis du bois-énergie en Afrique centrale (2013)

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See detailLes aspects comptables du compte courant
Niessen, Wilfried ULg; Capodici, Giuseppina ULg

in Bourgeois, Marc; Pace, Xavier (Eds.) Les comptes courants d'associés: questions choisies en droit commercial et en droit des sociétés (2013)

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See detailLa circonscription fédérale en Belgique : une approche délibérative de la question
Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg

in Brunet, Sébastien; Claisse, Frédéric; Fallon, Catherine (Eds.) La participation à l'épreuve (2013)

L’idée d’une circonscription électorale fédérale (CEF) en Belgique a connu un intérêt tout particulier au cours de la période pré-électorale du 10 juin 2007. Durant la campagne, le groupe PAVIA a présenté ... [more ▼]

L’idée d’une circonscription électorale fédérale (CEF) en Belgique a connu un intérêt tout particulier au cours de la période pré-électorale du 10 juin 2007. Durant la campagne, le groupe PAVIA a présenté sa proposition de réforme électorale, les hommes et les femmes politiques se sont positionnés, tandis que les éditorialistes du nord et du sud du pays s’exprimaient, plus ou moins favorablement à l’idée. Dans ce chapitre, ce n’est pas tant l’analyse de ces processus qui est explorée mais le regard citoyen sur la question. À l'aide d'un protocole délibératif (atelier scénario) nous tentons de mieux connaître – et comprendre – les opinions citoyennes. Réunissant douze personnes de l’arrondissement liégeois, deux experts et le monde politique, ces ateliers scénarios eurent lieu à l’automne 2009. [less ▲]

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See detailThe solidarity economy : emancipatory action to challenge politics
Frère, Bruno ULg

in Genevey, Remy; Pachauri, Rejendra; Tubiana, Laurence (Eds.) Reducing Inequalities. (2013)

The first part of this article focuses mainly on understanding the solidarity economy, with the help of quantitative data and examples of initiatives from Europe, the Anglosphere and Asia. The second part ... [more ▼]

The first part of this article focuses mainly on understanding the solidarity economy, with the help of quantitative data and examples of initiatives from Europe, the Anglosphere and Asia. The second part deepens the analysis with regard to the observation that the solidarity economy is an alternative in which, in the words of Karl Polanyi (1985), the economy is re-embedded into politics and democracy. We note that the solidarity economy combines two fundamental dimensions: first, although the middle classes participate in the solidarity economy, it is largely initiated by and for this new disaffiliated class regardless of the country or continent; secondly its utopian outlook is that of the overthrow of capitalism (as distinct from the market) since its organizational model draws much from associationist socialism and the libertarian principles of the nineteenth century that have been described elsewhere (FRERE, 2009). However, it is precisely the failure of the associationist socialism movement, which is caught between Marxism and liberalism, that has taught us that such a model must be politically focused and organized to be effective. Finally, the last part of the article is devoted to the question of whether the solidarity economy today has the strength to assert itself as what it means to be, namely, an alternative potential model, rather than what the market and the State wants it to be: a management and accounting tool for tackling unemployment and disaffiliation. [less ▲]

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See detailDes fixations et des remises
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailModelling of contact between stiff bodies in automotive transmission systems
Virlez, Geoffrey ULg; Bruls, Olivier ULg; Poulet, Nicolas et al

in Fisette, Paul; Samin, Jean-Claude (Eds.) Multibody Dynamics: Computational Methods and Applications (2013)

Many transmission components contain moving parts, which can come into in contact. For example, the TORSEN differentials aremainly composed of gear pairs and thrust washers. The friction involved by ... [more ▼]

Many transmission components contain moving parts, which can come into in contact. For example, the TORSEN differentials aremainly composed of gear pairs and thrust washers. The friction involved by contacts between these two parts is essential in the working principle of such differentials. In this chapter, two different contact models are presented and exploited for the modelling of differentials. The former uses an augmented Lagrangian technique or a penalty method and is defined between two flexible bodies or between a rigid body and a flexible structure. The second contact formulation is a continuous impact modelling based on a restitution coefficient. [less ▲]

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See detailLa filière de la soie sauvage à Madagascar : approche socio-économique appliquée à la région d’Arivonimamo
Coulon, Julien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg et al

in Verheggen, François; Bogaert, Jan; Haubruge, Eric (Eds.) Les vers à soie malgaches : Enjeux écologiques et socio-économiques (2013)

Madagascar has a long tradition of sericulture based on the use of an endemic moth (Borocera cajani). This insect’s larva, also named landibe by the locals, produces wild silk when cocooning, which can be ... [more ▼]

Madagascar has a long tradition of sericulture based on the use of an endemic moth (Borocera cajani). This insect’s larva, also named landibe by the locals, produces wild silk when cocooning, which can be collected in the tapia forest (Uapaca bojeri), their natural habitat. Technology and know-how related to the production of wild silk is specific to the island. Indeed, the silky products are made by traditional methods due to the limited financial resources of the producers. Technological constraints of the silk spinning require manual floss and weaving on traditional loom. The majority of the Malagasy silk produced is currently distributed nationally in different markets and specialized stores through the country but mainly in Antananarivo. The production volume of silky products is very low. However, these products show outstanding technological, visual and textural properties in comparison with the traditional silk industry in Asia. This socio-economic study is looking at the enhancement of landibe by showing the profitability of the sector during the different stages of production, from the collection of cocoons in the tapia forest to the manufacture of finished silky products. Since several decades, a decrease of the volume of wild silk is observes due to socio-cultural constraints, people change their eating habits and change their farming activities. Environmental constraints have modified the amounts of wild silkworm. [less ▲]

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See detailQuand les discontinuités géopolitiques génèrent le commerce. Introduction
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Lebrun Nicolas (Ed.) Commerce et Discontinuités (2013)

Introduction épistémologique de la première partie du livre dont l'objet est d'analyser l'impact des frontières politiques sur le développement et l'organisation du commerce dans les espaces ... [more ▼]

Introduction épistémologique de la première partie du livre dont l'objet est d'analyser l'impact des frontières politiques sur le développement et l'organisation du commerce dans les espaces transfrontaliers. Au-delà des formes, on s'y interroge aussi sur les pratiques spatiales. [less ▲]

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See detailFrançoise des Séraphins
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Fella, Audrey (Ed.) Les Femmes mystiques. Histoire et dictionnaire (2013)

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See detailJeanne Deléloë
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Fella, Audrey (Ed.) Les Femmes mystiques. Histoire et dictionnaire (2013)

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See detailDe la procédure écrite
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailLa Querelle au couvent? De l'inégalité des sexes dans les communautés de religieuses au XVIIe siècle
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth; Haase-Dubosc, Danielle (Eds.) Revisiter la Querelle des femmes : les discours sur l’égalité/inégalité des femmes et des hommes, de la Renaissance aux lendemains de la Révolution française. 1600-1750 (2013)

Au XVIIe siècle, quantité de femmes, toutes origines sociales confondues, se sont investies comme agents particulièrement actifs de la Réforme tridentine. Si bon nombre de leurs réalisations ont reçu le ... [more ▼]

Au XVIIe siècle, quantité de femmes, toutes origines sociales confondues, se sont investies comme agents particulièrement actifs de la Réforme tridentine. Si bon nombre de leurs réalisations ont reçu le soutien des autorités ecclésiastiques, les clercs ont bien veillé cependant à ce que leurs discours et comportements demeurent circonscrits dans les champs d’actions réservés aux femmes par l’institution ecclésiale et n’empiètent en aucune manière sur les leurs. Le milieu conventuel est un terrain d’observation intéressant pour parvenir à croiser témoignages des unes et discours des autres à propos d’initiatives féminines (prise de paroles en public, direction spirituelle, désir d’apostolat, exercice du pouvoir…) auxquelles répond un clergé jaloux de son autorité sacerdotale. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelle est l’impact de la diversité culturelle sur le travail et la collaboration au sein des équipes virtuelles ?
Cusumano, Christophe ULg

in Lee, Yih-teen (Ed.) Diversité culturelle et dynamique des organisations (2013)

Il existe de nombreuses études analysant l’impact de la diversité culturelle sur les relations et le travail au sein des équipes. Il existe cependant peu de travaux sur l’impact de la diversité culturelle ... [more ▼]

Il existe de nombreuses études analysant l’impact de la diversité culturelle sur les relations et le travail au sein des équipes. Il existe cependant peu de travaux sur l’impact de la diversité culturelle sur les équipes virtuelles. Cet article vise à explorer ce sujet et à poser cette problématique, nouvelle dans le champ des études sur la diversité. Notre investigation cherche à étudier l’influence de la culture sur la manière d’utiliser les TIC dans la collaboration au sein d’une équipe. Nous partions de l’hypothèse que certaines stratégies d’utilisation des TIC peuvent être efficaces dans une culture et non dans une autre. Afin d’étudier cette problématique, nous avons choisi d’opter pour une méthodologie mixte croisant des données qualitatives (issues d’observations et d’entretiens) et quantitatives (issues de questionnaires et d’analyses de contenu de mails). Nous avons ainsi pu déceler des préférences d’utilisation des TIC, induites par la culture, ainsi que facteurs de complexification dans la coopération provoqués par la confrontation de ces préférences. [less ▲]

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See detailMigration doesn’t have to be a failure to adapt: an escape from environmental determinism
Gemenne, François ULg

in Palutikof, J.; Boulter, S.L.; Ash, A.J. (Eds.) et al Climate Adaptation Futures (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 ULg)
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See detailFrom Life to Literature. Max Frisch’s Tagebücher
Letawe, Céline ULg

in Berwald, Olaf (Ed.) A Companion to the Works of Max Frisch (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (12 ULg)
See detailThe stratigraphy of Spy cave. A review of the available lithostratigraphic and archaeostratigraphic information
Pirson, Stéphane ULg; Di Modica, K.; Jungels, C. et al

in Rougier, H.; Semal, P. (Eds.) Spy Cave. State of 125 years of multidisciplinary research at the Betche-aux-Rotches (Jemeppe-sur-Sambre, Province of Namur, Belgium). Volume I (2013)

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See detailDe l'audience
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailLes vers à soie de la famille des Psychidae : évaluation de leur nombre et des connaissances locales associées à l’exploitation de leur soie, dans la commune d’Arivonimamo
Hecq, Florence; Razafimanantsoa, Tsiresy; Haubruge, Eric ULg et al

in Verheggen, François; Bogaert, Jan; Haubruge, Eric (Eds.) Les vers à soie malgaches : Enjeux écologiques et socio-économiques (2013)

Tapia woods (Uapaca bojeri) are endemic to Madagascar and provide the locals with resources that are usually associated with important financial inputs. Among these resources, silk moths are developing in ... [more ▼]

Tapia woods (Uapaca bojeri) are endemic to Madagascar and provide the locals with resources that are usually associated with important financial inputs. Among these resources, silk moths are developing in tapia woods including Borocera cajani, locally named landibe. B. cajani silk is widely used in Malagasy tradition. These woods also provide habitat for other less known silk moth species, including those belonging to the Psychidae family. Two objectives were defined in the present study: (1) The evaluation of Psychidae populations in Arivonimamo through an entomological inventory and (2) the determination of the role of Psychidae in the life of local population. We also have extracted silk from Psychidae silk moth. Insect inventories conducted from February to May 2010 show that the numbers of Psychidae do not vary significantly during the inventoried period, and that between 2 and 26 individuals are observed per 1,000 m2. Almost all interviewed people underline that Psychidae silk is no longer exploited. By applying, on Psychidae cocoons, the silk extraction method usually applied on landibe, we were able to obtain silk. [less ▲]

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See detailLes demandes incidentes
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (3 ULg)
See detailFrançoise Fournier
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Fella, Audrey (Ed.) Les Femmes mystiques. Histoire et dictionnaire (2013)

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See detailL'intervention
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailLa neutralisation de la parentalité: décryptage des rapports de pouvoir au coeur de la parentalité
Govers, Patrick ULg

in Huart, France; Hoang, Thao (Eds.) En avoir ou pas? Les féministes et les maternités (2013)

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See detailNeuronal Differentiation in the Adult Brain: Cdk6 as the Molecular Regulator
Caron, Nicolas ULg; Genin, Emmanuelle ULg; Vandenbosch, Renaud ULg et al

in Hayat, Eric (Ed.) TUMORS OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (2013)

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See detailRédaction de dispositions à cause de mort dans un contexte international
Rosoux, Hélène ULg; Wautelet, Patrick ULg

in Association des licenciés en notariat (Ed.) Le testament - De sa rédaction à son interprétation (2013)

Ce texte fait le point sur les difficultés que pose la conception et la rédaction de dispositions de dernières volontés dans une situation internationale. Pour ce faire, le texte prend appui tant sur le ... [more ▼]

Ce texte fait le point sur les difficultés que pose la conception et la rédaction de dispositions de dernières volontés dans une situation internationale. Pour ce faire, le texte prend appui tant sur le droit existant (à savoir le Code de droit international privé) que sur le droit international privé européen (à savoir le Règlement 650/2012). Une attention particulière est consacrée à la question du choix de loi, de ses limites et des difficultés de rédaction d'une telle clause. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact des éléments-traces métalliques sur les plantes et les techniques de phytoremédiation
Evlard, Aricia ULg; Campanella, Bruno ULg

in Druart, Philippe; Husson, Claude; Paul, Roger (Eds.) Renaturation des berges de cours d'eau et phytoremédiation (2013)

Bien que les techniques végétales soient d'application de longue date pour fixer les berges de cours d'eau, elles font maintenant partie d'une réflexion plus générale avec la prise en compte des besoins ... [more ▼]

Bien que les techniques végétales soient d'application de longue date pour fixer les berges de cours d'eau, elles font maintenant partie d'une réflexion plus générale avec la prise en compte des besoins écologiques des écosystèmes de rivières et le développement de l'ingénierie végétale qui régit la mise en oeuvre des renaturations. Les travaux décrits dans cet ouvrage apportent les outils permettant la traçabilité et l'évaluation comportementale d'écotypes ligneux vis-à-vis de risques sanitaires connus (principalement la maladie de l'aulne) ou de pollutions attendues (diffusion de métaux lourds) tout en préservant leur capacité d'adaptation naturelle. Par l'établissement de collections d'aulnes, de saules ou de frênes autochtones et une multiplication végétative respectueuse de la diversité locale, les ressources génétiques de toute une région transfrontalière sont rendues disponibles pour tout programme de renaturation de berges de cours d'eau ou de zones écologiquement équivalentes à réhabiliter dans les bassins de la Meuse, du Rhin et de l'Escaut. Cet ouvrage s'adresse aux gestionnaires de cours d'eau, aux éco-conseillers du monde rural ou urbain, aux étudiants en sciences du vivant, ainsi qu'à toute personne s'intéressant à l'écosystème « rivière » et à la qualité de l'eau. Les stratégies développées peuvent trouver application en d'autres lieux ou avec d'autres essences. [less ▲]

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See detailActualités en matière de pratiques du marché
Gol, Déborah ULg

in Thirion, Nicolas (Ed.) Chronique d'actualités en droit commercial (2013)

La contribution analyse les actualités législatives et jurisprudentielles, entre 2011 et 2013, relatives à la matière des pratiques du marché, et plus précisément les pratiques de promotion des ventes ... [more ▼]

La contribution analyse les actualités législatives et jurisprudentielles, entre 2011 et 2013, relatives à la matière des pratiques du marché, et plus précisément les pratiques de promotion des ventes (ventes à perte, offres conjointes, périodes d'attente etc), la réglementation des publicités et la concurrence déloyale (comportements visés, action en cessation). [less ▲]

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See detailLa reprise d'instance
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailIntroduction
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth; Haase-Dubosc, Danielle (Eds.) Revisiter la Querelle des femmes : les discours sur l’égalité/inégalité des femmes et des hommes, de la Renaissance aux lendemains de la Révolution française. 1600-1750 (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
See detailIde de Nivelles
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Fella, Audrey (Ed.) Les Femmes mystiques. Histoire et dictionnaire (2013)

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See detailMMP-Mediated Collagen Remodeling and Vessel Functions
Noël, Agnès ULg; Sounni, Nor Eddine ULg

in Brix, Klaudia; Stocker, Walter (Eds.) Proteases: Structure and Function (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 1 (1 ULg)
See detailLe désistement
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailAnalysis of risks and impacts on the income of small poultry producers in Hatay Province, North-Vietnam
Phan Dang, Thang ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton; Duquesne, Brigitte et al

in Hanoi University of Agriculture; Francophone Joint University Council (CIUF) (Eds.) Proceedings of Scientific Research Results - Institutional University Cooperation Program 2008-2012 (2013)

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See detailFiches linguistiques, didactiques et méthodologiques
Babault, Sophie; Belair, Louise; Bento, Margaret et al

in Mémento IFADEM (81 pages) (2013)

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See detailLivres de fête et cérémonies du pouvoir à la cour de Lorraine
Rusch, Arnaud ULg

in Christin, Olivier; Roze, Francine (Eds.) Un nouveau monde : Naissance de la Lorraine moderne (2013)

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See detailSocial Enterprise, Social Innovation and Alternative Economies: Insights from Fair Trade and Renewable Energy
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in Zademach, Hans-Martin; Hillebrand, Sebastian (Eds.) Alternative Economies and Spaces. New Perspectives for a Sustainable Economy (2013)

The transition towards a more sustainable economic system is increasingly seen as an urgency to respond to the social, environmental and economic challenges of our times. Mirroring this increased ... [more ▼]

The transition towards a more sustainable economic system is increasingly seen as an urgency to respond to the social, environmental and economic challenges of our times. Mirroring this increased attention, the scholarly literature on transition and transition management, “degrowth” and sustainable development (e.g., Loorbach, 2007, Boulanger, 2008) has considerably developed across a set of disciplines (sociology, geography, economics, engineering, etc.). The solutions put forth by the different literature streams vary to a large extent and rely on distinct if not opposed ideological foundations, from the radical, anti-consumerist vision of “degrowth” to the much softer and vaguer, reformist trend of “sustainable development”. Common to the different literature streams, however, is to mainly focus on two levels of analysis. First, the systemic level receives most attention when it comes to diagnoses of limitations in the extant system and exploration of what alternative – non-growth, post-transition or at least sustainable – systems or economies would look like. This focus on systems is logical given the scope of the expected (r)evolutions to undertake. It is also coherent with the main disciplines involved in this “macro-level” research effort: economics, sociology, political science, philosophy, etc. A second and subsequent level of analysis that has been considered lies at the other extreme of the continuum: the individual. Indeed, as the failures of the extant economic system have been linked to the unrealistic and ideologically oriented vision of the individual as an ever-calculating, utility-maximizing “homo oeconomicus” (Stiglitz, 2009), questions have arisen about the human behavior required to generate or at least participate in the alternative systems conceived at the macro level. Put another way, to what extent and in what sense do we need to change our individual behaviors, in terms of purchasing, working, voting, investing, moving, and acting in general, in order to liberate ourselves from the homo oeconomicus patterns and consider alternative behaviours that, put together, may contribute to alternative systems? This “micro-level” perspective has relied on work in psychology and anthropology in order to (re)discover new avenues for increased reflexivity and conscious action. Between the macro and micro perspectives lie a diversity of “meso” actors consisting of more or less formalized groups of individuals, organizations and institutions such as: public authorities (from local to global), businesses, civil society, educational institutions, etc. Much work has been undertaken on the role of these different types of “meso-actor” in the transition towards alternative economies, but in view of the author of this chapter this has been developed either in a superficial way, mentioning the different actors to engage in these processes, or using “black boxes” that suppose homogeneous sets of actors such as “companies” or “civil society actors”. In other words, although several case studies enter into the complexity of one or several of these black boxes, there is lack of clarity and depth in the study of how different types of actors, especially economic actors, may engage in and inspire societal change. In particular, little work makes the connection between how economic organizations function internally, and how they (may) act towards society (e.g., Moore et al., 2009). This chapter does not aim, of course, to fill this knowledge gap on its own. It intends to bring a modest contribution to understanding the role of meso actors and in particular economic organizations by focusing on one specific, under-researched but important actor that is social enterprise. As will be described further, social enterprises are still weakly defined and heterogeneous (Dart, 2004, Defourny and Nyssens, 2010, Huybrechts and Nicholls, 2012). Yet, they share two features that seem of particular interest in the debate mentioned here. First, they do not correspond to a neatly defined organizational category as they precisely lie at the intersection of two spheres that are commonly clearly separated and often opposed to each other: the market and the civil society. Such a “hybrid” nature offers the potential for a specific and original contribution to the debate on alternative economies and systems, insofar as hybridity is synonym for innovation and unconventional thinking, as this chapter aims to show. A second feature of social enterprises is their supposed coherence, at least theoretically, between internal functioning and external contribution. In other words, the new societal solutions that social enterprises offer through their products and services are supposed to be coherent with the solutions experimented within their very organizational structures. Despite their diversity and their obvious limitations, it is thus suggested here that examining social enterprises may offer at least two contributions to the discussion on alternative economies. First, by understanding the potential of hybridity, i.e. combination of distinct institutional patterns, to the reconfiguration of economic systems. Second, by highlighting the link between intra-organizational functioning and societal behavior, in order to show how engaging actors in building alternative economies must involve in one way or another these two dimensions. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrosatellite Amplification in Plants: Optimization Procedure of Major PCR Components
Ghaffari, Sana; Hasnaoui, Nejib ULg

in Kantartzi, Stella (Ed.) Methods in Molecular Biology™ series: Microsatllites (2013)

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See detail[Notices de catalogue]
Rusch, Arnaud ULg

in Christin, Olivier; Roze, Francine (Eds.) Un nouveau monde : Naissance de la Lorraine moderne (2013)

Notices de catalogue : L'entrée de Henri IV de France (1608), n°240, p.368. La pompe funèbre du duc Charles III (1611), n°242, pp.370-372. L'ordre des funérailles du duc Charles III (1609), n°243, pp.373 ... [more ▼]

Notices de catalogue : L'entrée de Henri IV de France (1608), n°240, p.368. La pompe funèbre du duc Charles III (1611), n°242, pp.370-372. L'ordre des funérailles du duc Charles III (1609), n°243, pp.373. L'entrée solennelle du duc Henri II (1610), n°241a, p.368. La petite procession du duc Henri II (1611), n°241b, p.369. Le Combat à la barrière (1627), n°245, pp.374-375. [less ▲]

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See detailImaging Orbitals by Ionization or Electron Attachment: The Role of Dyson Orbitals
Mignolet, Benoît ULg; Kus, Tomasz ULg; Remacle, Françoise ULg et al

in Imaging and Manipulating Molecular Orbitals (2013)

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See detailGene regulatory network inference from systems genetics data using tree-based methods
Huynh-Thu, Vân Anh ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg; Geurts, Pierre ULg

in de la Fuente, Alberto (Ed.) Gene Network Inference - Verification of Methods for Systems Genetics Data (2013)

One of the pressing open problems of computational systems biology is the elucidation of the topology of gene regulatory networks (GRNs). In an attempt to solve this problem, the idea of systems genetics ... [more ▼]

One of the pressing open problems of computational systems biology is the elucidation of the topology of gene regulatory networks (GRNs). In an attempt to solve this problem, the idea of systems genetics is to exploit the natural variations that exist between the DNA sequences of related individuals and that can represent the randomized and multifactorial perturbations necessary to recover GRNs. In this chapter, we present new methods, called GENIE3-SG-joint and GENIE3- SG-sep, for the inference of GRNs from systems genetics data. Experiments on the artificial data of the StatSeq benchmark and of the DREAM5 Systems Genetics challenge show that exploiting jointly expression and genetic data is very helpful for recovering GRNs, and one of our methods outperforms by a large extent the official best performing method of the DREAM5 challenge. [less ▲]

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See detailThe History of double taxation conventions in Belgium
Richelle, Isabelle ULg; Traversa, Edoardo; Gombeer, Jacques

in Docclo, Caroline (Ed.) ALABASTER 1938-2013 (2013)

Conformément à la tradition du Groupement, les matières les plus diverses qui intéressent les fiscalistes sont traitées et sont l'illustration de l'esprit du groupement belge. Questions pointues ... [more ▼]

Conformément à la tradition du Groupement, les matières les plus diverses qui intéressent les fiscalistes sont traitées et sont l'illustration de l'esprit du groupement belge. Questions pointues, réflexions, précieux documents pour les scientifiques et les praticiens. [less ▲]

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See detailLe permis d'urbanisation dans le CWATUPE et dans l'avant-projet de CoDT
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Jurimpratique 2/2013. Lotissement et urbanisation (2013)

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See detailLe piège du « pathomorphisme » et ses alternatives
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Sami-Ali; Cady, Sylvie (Eds.) Affect et pathologie (2013)

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See detailEnvironmental Migration
Gemenne, François ULg

in Martiniello, Marco; Rath, Jan (Eds.) An Introduction to International Migration Studies. European Perspectives (2013)

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See detailDeux coordinations négatives en grec ancien: différences sémantiques et pragmatiques entre οὐδέ et οὔτε
Denizot, Camille ULg

in François, Jacques; Larrivée, Pierre; Legallois, Dominique (Eds.) et al La linguistique de la contradiction (2013)

This paper deals with the semantic and pragmatic differences between two negative coordinators in Ancient Greek, οὐδέ and οὔτε. According to the traditional view, οὔτε is a symmetrical coordinator, which ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the semantic and pragmatic differences between two negative coordinators in Ancient Greek, οὐδέ and οὔτε. According to the traditional view, οὔτε is a symmetrical coordinator, which links two terms without a semantic hierarchy, contrary to οὐδέ. This study tends to show that this is not the essential principle which differentiates the two coordinators, but a consequence of a more general characteristic, i.e. that the negative domain built by the two coordinators is different: with οὔτε the negative domain is unique and closed, the negated terms are contradictory ones in case of antonyms and their order is free; with οὐδέ there can be several negative domains or the negative domain is open, the negated terms are contrary ones in case of antonyms and their order depends on the argumentative goal. [less ▲]

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See detailConstruction et développement d’une filière de production d’écotypes ligneux pour l’application des techniques végétales à la renaturation des berges de cours d’eau
Druart, Philippe; Leclercq, Martine; Joussemet, Marie Anne et al

in Druart, Philippe; Husson, Claude; Paul, Roger (Eds.) Renaturation des berges de cours d'eau et phytoremédiation (2013)

Bien que les techniques végétales soient d'application de longue date pour fixer les berges de cours d'eau, elles font maintenant partie d'une réflexion plus générale avec la prise en compte des besoins ... [more ▼]

Bien que les techniques végétales soient d'application de longue date pour fixer les berges de cours d'eau, elles font maintenant partie d'une réflexion plus générale avec la prise en compte des besoins écologiques des écosystèmes de rivières et le développement de l'ingénierie végétale qui régit la mise en oeuvre des renaturations. Les travaux décrits dans cet ouvrage apportent les outils permettant la traçabilité et l'évaluation comportementale d'écotypes ligneux vis-à-vis de risques sanitaires connus (principalement la maladie de l'aulne) ou de pollutions attendues (diffusion de métaux lourds) tout en préservant leur capacité d'adaptation naturelle. Par l'établissement de collections d'aulnes, de saules ou de frênes autochtones et une multiplication végétative respectueuse de la diversité locale, les ressources génétiques de toute une région transfrontalière sont rendues disponibles pour tout programme de renaturation de berges de cours d'eau ou de zones écologiquement équivalentes à réhabiliter dans les bassins de la Meuse, du Rhin et de l'Escaut. Cet ouvrage s'adresse aux gestionnaires de cours d'eau, aux éco-conseillers du monde rural ou urbain, aux étudiants en sciences du vivant, ainsi qu'à toute personne s'intéressant à l'écosystème « rivière » et à la qualité de l'eau. Les stratégies éveloppées peuvent trouver application en d'autres lieux ou avec d'autres essences. [less ▲]

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See detailRetour au travail après une absence de longue durée : Comment dynamiser le dispositif légal existant ?
Mairiaux, Philippe ULg

in DAVAGLE, MICHEL (Ed.) Le maintien au travail de travailleurs devenus partiellement inaptes (2013)

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See detailMots et citatios grecs dans "l'Éloge de la Folie"
Denooz, Joseph ULg

in Delfosse, Annick; Glesener, Thomas (Eds.) Lire, écrire et éduquer à la Renaissance, Mélanges en l'honneur de Franz Bierlaire (2013)

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See detailActivité journalière et comportement d’alimentation de Borocera cajani Vinson 1863 (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) sur deux de ses plantes hôtes : Uapaca bojeri Baillon 1874 et Aphloia theiformis (Vahl) Bennett 1840
Razafimanantsoa, Tsiresy; Raminosoa, Noromalala; Rakotondrasoa, Olivia et al

in Verheggen, François; Bogaert, Jan; Haubruge, Eric (Eds.) Les vers à soie malgaches : Enjeux écologiques et socio-économiques (2013)

Borocera cajani or landibe is a wild silk-moth, which silk is the most widely used in the textile industry in Madagascar. This endemic species is found throughout the island, but colonizes especially the ... [more ▼]

Borocera cajani or landibe is a wild silk-moth, which silk is the most widely used in the textile industry in Madagascar. This endemic species is found throughout the island, but colonizes especially the tapia forest in the central Highlands. The species has an important economic, culinary and cultural role in the Island. It is polyphagous and frequents several host plants. The daily activity of the larvae of B. cajani has been studied in their natural habitat on two native host plants of the tapia forest: Uapaca bojeri and Aphloia theiformis. Continuous observations during 24 hours on 54 individuals of the last instar of B. cajani have been conducted. Daily periods of activity were found to vary according to the host plant species. Larvae feeding on U. bojeri allocate 6.9% of their time to feed, while the larvae feeding on A. theiformis spend 3.3% of their time. Only 1.0% (15 minutes) and 0.7% (10 minutes) of the observed periods were allocated to movement, in the larvae feeding on U. bojeri et A. theiformis, respectively. Larvae observed on A. theiformis took an average of 3.1 ± 0.2 meals a day, which lasted 15,4 ± 1,3 min. Larvae observed on U. bojeri took an average of 1.9 ± 0.1 meals a day, which lasted 54.8 ± 5.2 min. [less ▲]

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