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See detailL'évaluation de la mémoire implicite
Adam, Stéphane ULg

in Seron, Xavier; Van der Linden, Martial (Eds.) Traité de neuropsychologie clinique de l'adulte (Tome 1: Evaluation) (2014)

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See detailCulture, vous avez dit Kultur? Kulturarbeit zwischen Selbstbestimmung und Selbstfindung
Brüll, Christoph ULg

in Lejeune, Carlo; Brüll, Christoph (Eds.) Grenzerfahrungen. Eine Geschichte der Deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft Belgiens. Vol. 5: Säuberung, Wiederaufbau, Autonomiediskussionen (1945-1973) (2014)

Kulturarbeit war seit den 1920er Jahren in den ehemaligen Kreisen Eupen-Malmedy politisiert und seit den 1930er Jahren ideologisiert. Nach 1945 gab es keine Kulturarbeit in der Muttersprache dieser ... [more ▼]

Kulturarbeit war seit den 1920er Jahren in den ehemaligen Kreisen Eupen-Malmedy politisiert und seit den 1930er Jahren ideologisiert. Nach 1945 gab es keine Kulturarbeit in der Muttersprache dieser Menschen mehr. Die Region sollte französisiert werden. Erst Mitte der 1950er Jahre begannen Bürger in den deutschsprachigen Gemeinden, sporadisch aktiv Kulturarbeit zu betreiben. Diese stand unmittelbar in einem politischen Spannungsfeld, das immer wieder neu zwischen Akteuren an der Basis, dem Bezirkskommissar Hoen, der Provinz Lüttich und den kulturellen Dienststellen des Zentralstaates Belgiens ausgelotet werden musste. Christoph Brüll stellt sich mehrere Fragen: Haben sich hier Grundpositionen herausgebildet, die auch den politischen Diskurs später bestimmten? Welcher Akteur verfolgte welche Ziele mit welchen Mitteln? War der kulturelle Frühling Initialzündung, Begleiter oder nur Folge des „politischen Frühlings“ in der Region? Er liefert zahlreiche neue Fakten und formuliert neue Meinungen zu einem Politikbereich, der die ureigenste Besonderheit der deutschsprachigen Belgier widerspiegelt. Der Titel „Kulturarbeit zwischen Fremdbestimmung und Selbstfindung“ verdeutlicht auch hier, dass er transregionale Einflüsse aufgreift, um diese regional runterzubrechen. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction à l’ouvrage original
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Follet, Valérie

in Demaret, Albert (Ed.) Éthologie et psychiatrie : réédition et mise à jour commentée (2014)

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See detailUne décennie de recherche et de réflexion sur la formation, l'enseignement et l'apprentissage de l'histoire-géographie à l'école primaire au Québec
Jadoulle, Jean-Louis ULg

in Larouche, Marie-Claude; Anderson, Araujo-Oliveira (Eds.) Les sciences humaines à l'école primaire québécoise. Regards croisés sur un domaine de recherche et d'intervention (2014)

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See detailEssai de psychopathologie éthologique
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Follet, Valérie

in Demaret, Albert (Ed.) Éthologie et psychiatrie : réédition et mise à jour commentée (2014)

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See detail"Oser la qualité", un référentiel en Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles de Belgique et son accompagnement
Pirard, Florence ULg

in Rayna, Sylvie; Bouve, Catherine; Moisset, Pierre (Eds.) Un curriculum pour un accueil de qualité de la petite enfance (2014)

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See detailLes collections éditoriales et la construction nationale
Ceballos Viro, Alvaro ULg; Francois, Jeromine ULg

in Rivalan Guégo, Christine; Nicoli, Miriam (Eds.) La collection. Essor et affirmation d'un objet éditorial (2014)

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See detailproduktives Präfix
Münzberg, Franziska ULg

in Schierholz, Stefan J.; Dürscheid, Christa (Eds.) Grammatik - Formenlehre (2014)

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See detailInfix
Münzberg, Franziska ULg

in Schierholz, Stefan J.; Dürscheid, Christa (Eds.) Grammatik - Formenlehre (2014)

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See detailCulture development and technical and financial assistance on the basis of the Convention.
Vlassis, Antonios ULg

in RICHIERI HANANIA, LILIAN (Ed.) Cultural diversity in international law: Effectiveness and normativity of the 2005 Convention on Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2014)

The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (CDCE) was adopted in 2005 and designed to allow States to protect and promote cultural policies. This book ... [more ▼]

The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (CDCE) was adopted in 2005 and designed to allow States to protect and promote cultural policies. This book examines the effectiveness of the CDCE and offers ways by which its implementation may be improved to better attain its objectives. The book provides insight in how the normative character of the CDCE may be strengthened through implementation and increasingly recurrent practice based on its provisions. Hailing from various fields of international law, political and social sciences, the book’s contributors work to promote discussions on the practical and legal influence of the CDCE, and to identify opportunities and recommendations for a more effective application. Part One of the book assesses the effectiveness of the CDCE in influencing other areas of international law and the work conducted by other intergovernmental organizations through the recognition of the double nature (cultural and economic) of cultural goods and services. Part Two focuses on the practice of the CDCE beyond the recognition of the specificity of cultural goods and services in international law by addressing the CDCE’s call for greater international cooperation and stronger integration of cultural concerns in development strategies at the national and regional levels. The book will be of great use and interest to academics and practitioners in law, social and political sciences, agents of governmental and international organizations, and cultural sector stakeholders. [less ▲]

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See detailVolcanic Soils
Delmelle, Pierre; Opfergelt, Sophie; Cornelis, Jean-Thomas ULg et al

in Sigurdsson, H.; Houghton, B.; Stix, J. (Eds.) et al Encyclopedia of Volcanoes (2014)

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See detailPerspectives pour une transition durable des territoires périurbains.
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Dubois, Jérome (Ed.) Aménager les métropoles. Les réponses des urbanistes. (2014)

L’étalement urbain monofonctionnel et peu dense de la fonction résidentielle constitue un des phénomènes les plus marquants de l’évolution de nos territoires depuis la révolution industrielle. L’étalement ... [more ▼]

L’étalement urbain monofonctionnel et peu dense de la fonction résidentielle constitue un des phénomènes les plus marquants de l’évolution de nos territoires depuis la révolution industrielle. L’étalement urbain menace, par sa rapidité et sa constance, l’équilibre environnemental, social et économique de l’Europe (European Environment Agency, 2006). Pour lutter contre l’étalement urbain, trois grands champs d’actions complémentaires peuvent être mobilisés : (1) l’amélioration de l’attractivité des quartiers centraux et l’adaptation du stock bâti hérité à de nouveaux standards de confort et d’occupation via le renouvellement urbain ; (2) la construction de nouveaux quartiers dit « durables » à proximité de nœuds de transports et de zones bien desservies en commerces et services et ; (3) la densification et le renouvellement du stock bâti périurbain. L’article traite de cette troisième thématique et aborde les conditions de la transition durable des territoires périurbains. En Wallonie (Belgique), les quartiers dit périurbains représentent, en effet, près de 50% des quartiers. Deux leviers d’action sont mobilisés dans le cadre de cette intervention: (1) la forme urbaine et (2) la mobilité. La forme urbaine d’abord, est étudiée en complémentarité de l’échelle du bâtiment individuel car les mesures apportées à l’échelle du bâtiment ne sont pas en mesure de répondre, seules, à l’ampleur des enjeux énergétiques qui touchent les territoires périurbains. La mobilité, ensuite, car l’étalement urbain est entretenu et favorisé, en grande partie par la dépendance à la voiture individuelle. Trois types de scénarios centrés sur une évolution attendue du stock bâti existant sont modélisés et évalués (la rénovation énergétique, la densification et la démolition/reconstruction) de façon à investiguer deux questions principales: « comment intervenir dans les quartiers périurbains existants? » et « où intervenir? ». Les principaux résultats de l’approche développée montrent que le renouvellement périurbain par densification des quartiers les mieux localisés permet de dépasser le clivage traditionnel entre les modèles de la « ville compacte » et de la « ville diffuse », en offrant de véritables opportunités pour la transition durable des territoires périurbains existants. Ces résultats théoriques, axés sur le seul aspect énergétique, sont ensuite recadrés dans un contexte plus large pour mettre en évidence les opportunités, les limitations, les contraintes et la faisabilité de plusieurs types de scénario. Des freins, en particulier d’ordre réglementaire et sociologique, persistent et doivent faire l’objet de recherches empiriques plus approfondies de façon à les dépasser et à permettre l’implémentation concrète et la généralisation du renouvellement périurbain sur le terrain. [less ▲]

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See detailEen semantische studie van identiteitsconstructie. Het geval van Franstaligen uit Vlaanderen en Nederlandstaligen uit Wallonië
Dassargues, Alix ULg; Perrez, Julien ULg

in Degand, Liesbeth; Hiligsmann, Philippe; Rasier, Laurent (Eds.) et al In het teken van identiteit: taal en cultuur van de Nederlanden (2014)

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See detailCros (Charles)
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in Baronian, Jean-Baptiste (Ed.) Dictionnaire Rimbaud (2014)

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See detailIon homeostasis in the chloroplast
Hanikenne, Marc ULg; Bernal, Maria; Urzica, Eugen

in Wollman, Francis-Andre; Theg, Steve M. (Eds.) Plastid Biology (2014)

The chloroplast is an organelle of high demand for macro- and micro-nutrient ions, which are required for the maintenance of the photosynthetic process. To avoid deficiency while preventing excess ... [more ▼]

The chloroplast is an organelle of high demand for macro- and micro-nutrient ions, which are required for the maintenance of the photosynthetic process. To avoid deficiency while preventing excess, homeostasis mechanisms must be tightly regulated. Here, we describe the needs for nutrient ions in the chloroplast and briefly highlight their functions in the chloroplastidial metabolism. We further discuss the impact of nutrient deficiency on chloroplasts and the acclimation mechanisms that evolved to preserve the photosynthetic apparatus. We finally present what is known about import and export mechanisms for these ions. Whenever possible, a comparison between cyanobacteria, algae and plants is provided to add an evolutionary perspective to the description of ion homeostasis mechanisms in photosynthesis. [less ▲]

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See detailEscherichia coli in domestic mammals and birds.
Mainil, Jacques ULg; Fairbrother, John

in Morabito, Stefano (Ed.) Pathogenic Escherichia coli : Molecular and cellular microbiology (2014)

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See detailPrésentation
Boccaccini, Federico ULg

in Boccaccini, Federico (Ed.) Lotze et son héritage. Son influence et son impact sur la philosophie du XXème siècle (2014)

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See detailIDEAS : Resumenes de cada de los 23 capitulos
Leclercq, Dieudonné ULg; Cabrera, Alvaro

in Leclercq, Dieudonné; Cabrera, Alvaro (Eds.) IDEAS : Innovaciones en Dispositivos de Evaluacion de los Aprendizajes en la ensenanza Superior (2014)

Each of the 23 chapters of the IDEAS book is summarized (author(s), contents)

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See detailVilains Bonshommes
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in Baronian, Jean-Baptiste (Ed.) Dictionnaire Rimbaud (2014)

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See detailFilière bois d'oeuvre et gestion des forêts naturelles : les bois tropicaux et les forêts d'Afrique centrale face aux évolutions des marchés
Bayol, Nicolas; Anquetil, Frédéric; Bile, Charly et al

in de Wasseige, Carlos; Flynn, J.; Louppe, Dominique (Eds.) et al Les forêts du Bassin du Congo - Etat des forêts 2013 (2014)

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See detailListe rouge de l'UICN et arbres commerciaux : le cas de Pericopsis elata (Harms) Meeuwen (assaméla, afrormosia)
Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg; Bourland, Nils

in de Wasseige, Carlos; Flynn, J.; Louppe, Dominique (Eds.) et al Les forêts du Bassin du Congo - Etat des forêts 2013 (2014)

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See detailBelgium
Boularbah, Hakim ULg; Marquet, Charlotte; Sepulchre, Joe

in Dispute resolution 2014 (2014)

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See detailDeriving a global antioxidant score for commercial juices by multivariate graphical and scoring techniques: applications to blackcurrant juice
Tabart, Jessica; Kevers, Claire ULg; Dardenne, Nadia ULg et al

in Preedy (Ed.) Processing and Impact on Antioxidants in Beverages (2014)

Blackcurrants constitute an important source of potential health promoting phytochemicals (e.g. phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid) due to their antioxidant properties. Only small portions of berries are ... [more ▼]

Blackcurrants constitute an important source of potential health promoting phytochemicals (e.g. phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid) due to their antioxidant properties. Only small portions of berries are consumed fresh, most of their intake coming from processed foods, such as juices. Seven techniques were used to measure antioxidant capacity and antioxidant compounds of 10 juices. This yielded a large disparity of results. No single test, even the most popular ORAC assay, is able to compare the antioxidant capacity of similar food matrix such as blackcurrant juices. By combining tests from a large battery of « antioxidant » assays, it is possible to improve the discrimination of a food matrix by establishing a Global Antioxidant Score (GAS) which correlates well with graphical representations like Chernoff faces or stars. The latter approaches may help food industry managers and authorities to compare their « antioxidant » products with those existing on the market. [less ▲]

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See detailHedgehog- and mTOR-targeted therapies for advanced basal cell carcinomas.
FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ULg; Hermanns-Lê, Trinh ULg; PAQUET, Philippe ULg et al

in Current approaches to basal cell carcinoma (2014)

Basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) are the most frequent human cancer. Over 90% of all BCCs have a mutation in patched homologue 1 (PTCH 1) or smoothened (SMO), two conducting proteins of the Hedgehog (Hh ... [more ▼]

Basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) are the most frequent human cancer. Over 90% of all BCCs have a mutation in patched homologue 1 (PTCH 1) or smoothened (SMO), two conducting proteins of the Hedgehog (Hh) pathway. They rarely progress deeply and metastasize; however, if they do, these advanced BCC become amenable to treatment by inhibiting the Hedgehog and the P13K–mTOR pathways. Such innovative drugs include vismodegib, cyclopamine, itraconazole, everolimus and a few other agents that are in early clinical development. [less ▲]

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See detailThe case of Belgium
Crutzen, Nathalie ULg

in Schaltegger, Stefan; Windolph, Sara; Harms, Dorli (Eds.) et al Corporate Sustainability in International Comparison - State of Practice, Opportunities and Challenges (Forthcoming) (2014)

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See detailQUAND LES LIMITES DES SCIENCES ET LES SENTIERS DE CHASSE S’ENTRECROISENT: UNE ETHNOGRAPHIE DE LABORATOIRES SCIENTIFIQUES AMAZONIENS EN PARTENARIAT AVEC LES COMMUNAUTES LOCALES AUTOCHTONES
Escobar Jimenez, Kelly ULg

in Bréda, Charlotte; Chaplier, Mélanie; Hermesse, Julie (Eds.) et al Collection Investigations d'Anthropologie prospective (2014)

Qu'adviendra-t-il de vous si la compagnie pétrolière s’en va et qu'on ne vous donne plus de compensations ? Je demandai à un indigène Huaorani de l’Amazonie équatorienne. Il me répondit avec l’air très ... [more ▼]

Qu'adviendra-t-il de vous si la compagnie pétrolière s’en va et qu'on ne vous donne plus de compensations ? Je demandai à un indigène Huaorani de l’Amazonie équatorienne. Il me répondit avec l’air très convaincu: « nous recevrons des touristes et les scientifiques viendront faire des recherches sur la forêt ». Exploitations minières et forestières, avancée de la frontière agricole, écotourisme, projets de développement… l’Amazonie est devenue « un imbroglio » entre les formes modernes de développement économique et les formes modernes de conservation . Mais qu’en est-il des stations scientifiques dans ce contexte ? À l’intérieur des stations scientifiques amazoniennes se tissent des liens entre des enjeux très divers et conflictuels tels que la recherche, la conservation de la nature, le développement et la participation des communautés locales. Comment ces liens se construisent-ils au jour le jour? J’essaie de répondre à cette question, parmi d’autres, à partir de l’analyse de deux cas : la Station Scientifique Juri Juri Kawsay et la Station Scientifique Yasuní en Équateur. Dans cet article, je décris quelques résultats de mes observations en mobilisant trois éléments: (1) la réflexion d'Houdart (2002) à propos de la double existence d’un objet scientifique à l’intérieur et à l’extérieur du laboratoire, ainsi que (2) le principe de symétrie proposé par l’Actor-Network Theory et finalement (3) l’analogie entre usine et laboratoire mobilisé par Knorr-Cetina (1981). [less ▲]

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See detailPROPRIETES PHYSICO-CHIMIQUES ET FONCTIONNALITES TECHNOLOGIQUES DES MATIERES GRASSES VEGETALES Quelques applications alimentaires
Danthine, Sabine ULg

in Christophe, Lavelle (Ed.) Science culinaire : Matière, procédés, dégustation (2014)

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See detailAvant-propos
Thirion, Nicolas ULg; Balate, Eric

in Thirion, Nicolas (Ed.) Crise et droit économique (2014)

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See detailVisioscan-driven ULEV method.
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; Franchimont, Claudine ULg; Pierard, Sébastien ULg

in Berardesca, Enzo (Ed.) Non invasive diagnostic techniques in clinical dermatology. (2014)

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See detailL’impact du règlement Bruxelles 1bis sur les règlements TEE, IPE et RPL
Berthe, Aude ULg

in Guinchard, Emmanuel (Ed.) Le nouveau règlement Bruxelles I bis - Règlement n° 1215/2012 du 12 décembre 2012 concernant la compétence judiciaire, la reconnaissance et l'exécution des décisions en matière civile et commerciale (2014)

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See detailDer theatrale „Korridor“. E.T.A. Hoffmanns Literalität der Inszenierung und ihre Medien. Vom textuellen Metadrama zur theatralen Narration
Küpper, Achim ULg

in Küpper, Achim; Ulbrecht, Siegfried (Eds.) Theatralität in Literatur, Kunst und Kultur (= Germanoslavica, num. thém. spécial 25.2) (2014)

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See detailContexts and Inferences. The grammaticalization of the Later Egyptian Allative Future
Grossman, Eitan; Lescuyer, Guillaume ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane; Stauder, Andréas (Eds.) et al On Forms and Functions: Studies in Ancient Egyptian Grammar (2014)

The goal of this paper is to describe the gradual emergence of an innovative future construction in the extant Late Egyptian and Demotic textual material and to discuss the grammaticalization of this ... [more ▼]

The goal of this paper is to describe the gradual emergence of an innovative future construction in the extant Late Egyptian and Demotic textual material and to discuss the grammaticalization of this construction down to Coptic, where it became a regular future form known as the “First Future” or “Future I”. We propose that, during the grammaticalization process, the selectional restrictions of the construction are relaxed due to the spread of speaker-oriented inferences. As a consequence, new types of subject and predicates can appear and innovative grammatical meanings associated with future time reference, e.g., prediction, become increasingly entrenched. In a final section, we briefly comment on the future cycles in Ancient Egyptian and propose that the comparative notion of allative future is not only useful for comparing specific patterns across languages, but also within a single language with a lengthy attested history. [less ▲]

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See detailLa prise de Liège à travers les sources allemandes
Brüll, Christoph ULg

in Maréchal, Christine; Schloss, Claudine (Eds.) 1914-1918. Vivre la guerre à Liège et en Wallonie (2014)

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See detailForms and Functions in Ancient Egyptian: A short introduction
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane; Stauder, Andréas (Eds.) et al On Forms and Functions: Studies in Ancient Egyptian Grammar (2014)

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See detailSkin ageprint: the causative factors.
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; Hermanns-Lê, Trinh ULg; Delvenne, Philippe ULg et al

in Paye, M.; Maibach, H.I.; Barel, A.O. (Eds.) Handbook of Cosmetic Science and Technology (2014)

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See detailGuerre primitive, primitivisme esthétique et regard d'enfant
Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg

in Küpper, Achim; Vanden Berghe, Kristine (Eds.) Guerre et jeu (2014)

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See detailAnomie de Rimbaud
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in Brissette, Pascal; Luneau, Marie-Pier (Eds.) Deux siècles de malédiction littéraire (2014)

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See detail*/es-'βɔl‐a‐/ v.intr. « quitter un lieu en s'élevant dans l'air ; se mouvoir dans l'air »
Baiwir, Esther ULg

in Buchi, Eva; Schweickard, Wolfgang (Eds.) Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman (DÉRom) (2014)

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See detailScreening, early diagnosis, genetic markers, and predictors of diabetic nephropathy
Cohen, Eric P.; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Lerna, Edgar V.; Batuman, Vecihi (Eds.) Diabetes and kidney disease (2014)

Kidney disease in diabetes greatly diminishes quality and quantity of life, and is very expensive. Focused attention to the early stages of diabetic nephropathy is urgently needed, to define better ... [more ▼]

Kidney disease in diabetes greatly diminishes quality and quantity of life, and is very expensive. Focused attention to the early stages of diabetic nephropathy is urgently needed, to define better thérapies that may slow it down or even stop its progression, thus reducing its heavy burden. This chapter will address screening, early diagnosis, genetic markers, and predictors of diabetic nephropathy. [less ▲]

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See detailRamesside Registers of Égyptien de Tradition: the Medinet Habu Inscriptions
Gillen, Todd Jonathan ULg

in Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane; Stauder, Andréas (Eds.) et al On Forms and Functions: Studies in Ancient Egyptian Grammar (2014)

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See detailLes impôts sur les revenus
Bourgeois, Marc ULg; Garroy, Sabine ULg; Pace, Xavier ULg et al

in Leleu, Yves-Henri (Ed.) Chroniques notariales (2014)

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See detailEsiti funesti della vittoria di Ravenna. La morte e i funerali di Gaston de Foix, duca di Nemours
Dumont, Jonathan ULg; Marchandisse, Alain ULg

in Bolognesi, Dante; Chittolini, Giorgio; Giovannini, Carla (Eds.) et al 1512. La battaglia du Ravenna, l’Italia, l’Europa (2014)

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See detailMaison Questienne
Prina, Daniela ULg

in Charlier, Sébastien; Moor, Thomas (Eds.) Guide d’architecture moderne et contemporaine à Liège (2014)

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See detailMaison Magnette
Prina, Daniela ULg

in Charlier, Sébastien; Moor, Thomas (Eds.) Guide d’architecture moderne et contemporaine à Liège (2014)

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See detailTowards Sustainable Employment Schemes at the Inter-organizational Level
Xhauflair, Virginie ULg; Pichault, François ULg

in Koene, B.; Garsten, C.; Galais, N. (Eds.) Management and Organization of Temporary Agency Work (2014)

A partir d'une démarche participative et expérimentale, cet article propose un ensemble de variables permettant de décrire les pratiques de gouvernance inter-organisationnelles. Ces variables constituent ... [more ▼]

A partir d'une démarche participative et expérimentale, cet article propose un ensemble de variables permettant de décrire les pratiques de gouvernance inter-organisationnelles. Ces variables constituent également des leviers d'action sur lesquels s'appuyer pour conclure, à l'échelon inter-organisationnel, des compromis équilibrés et durables. [less ▲]

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See detailL’innovation pédagogique dans le contexte de l’enseignement supérieur
Poumay, Marianne ULg

in Lameul, Genevieve; Loisy, Catherine (Eds.) La pédagogie universitaire à l'heure du numérique - Questionnement et éclairages de la recherche (2014)

Après avoir rappelé quelques-uns des défis qui se posent aujourd’hui à l’enseignement supérieur - et plus particulièrement à ses enseignants, en termes pédagogiques – et proposé une définition de l’« ... [more ▼]

Après avoir rappelé quelques-uns des défis qui se posent aujourd’hui à l’enseignement supérieur - et plus particulièrement à ses enseignants, en termes pédagogiques – et proposé une définition de l’« innovation pédagogique », ce chapitre questionne quelques grandes tendances innovantes en lien avec les technologies Internet. Ainsi, il aborde successivement les innovations que sont (1) le pilotage par l’étudiant de sa propre formation, nécessitant chez l’étudiant une exigeante autorégulation de ses apprentissages, (2) les approches « programme », impliquant souvent la construction de référentiels de compétences et des évaluations intégrées, recourant notamment aux portfolios, et (3) l’avènement des « Massive Open Online Courses » (MOOCs) et leur lot de critiques mais aussi d’ambitions, tant technologiques que pédagogiques et sociales. La conclusion interroge l’impact de ces innovations sur les métiers d’enseignant et d’étudiant. [less ▲]

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See detailEight years of National Health Insurance in Ghana: Evaluation of the Health financign Sub-Functions
Jousten, Alain ULg; Nsiah-Boateng, Eric

in Roscoe, Coleen (Ed.) Ghana: Social Economic and Political Issues (2014)

In 2003, Ghana introduced National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) to provide financial access to healthcare for all residents. It was implemented in 2004 in 145 districts nationwide. This study aimed to ... [more ▼]

In 2003, Ghana introduced National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) to provide financial access to healthcare for all residents. It was implemented in 2004 in 145 districts nationwide. This study aimed to evaluate the NHIS in terms of health financing sub-functions of revenue collection, risks pooling, and purchasing of health care using the Ashiedu Keteke District NHIS Office as a case study. The review and participant observation methods were employed to analyze secondary data of the NHIS. Reviews were conducted on NHIS operational documents, annual reports, and published literature. A data compilation sheet was used to collect membership, revenue and expenditure data from the AshieduKeteke District NHIS Office. Out of 158,466 members who registered over the period under study (2005-2012), about 30% were active card-bearing members. The population coverage increased consistently from 6.4% to 29.9% over the study period. Children below eighteen years of age were the most registered members (42.2%). Membership is legally mandatory and household-based. The NHIS is largely tax-funded: prepaid contributions declined from 20% to 15.4% over the study period. There was multiple fund system between 2005 and 2009; however, in 2011, a single risk pool (single fund system) was implemented to maximize risk pooling and administrative efficiency. There is comprehensive one-for-all benefit package for ensuring equity and adequate financial protection. The provider payment mechanism changed from fee-for-service in 2005 to Diagnostic Related Groupings (DRG) in 2008; although, fee-for-service is still used to pay for medications. In 2011, capitation payment was implemented for out-patient services at primary health centers. The administrative expenditure is relatively high; however, it declined from 42.1% to 13.3% over the period, 2006- 2012. The population coverage of the Ashiedu Keteke District NHIS Office is increasing with a decreasing trend in administrative expenditure. Given that more than fifty percent of the membership groups are exempted from paying contributions and the extent of prepayment is declining, large scope of government subsidies would be needed to ensure long-term financial sustainability. [less ▲]

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See detailSeismic behavior of Thin-Bed Layered Unreinforced Clay Masonry Shear Walls Including Soundproofing Elements
Mordant, Christophe ULg; Dietz, Matt; Taylor, Colin et al

in Ilki, Alper; Fardis, Michael (Eds.) Seismic Evaluation and Rehabilitation of Structures, Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering 26 (2014)

According to the current standards, unreinforced masonry may only be used in regions of low seismicity as the material for the lateral-load resisting system. This requirement may be too safe-sided and ... [more ▼]

According to the current standards, unreinforced masonry may only be used in regions of low seismicity as the material for the lateral-load resisting system. This requirement may be too safe-sided and leading to not cost-effective solutions for moderately seismic regions. This chapter presents overview of experimental results from shake table tests on unreinforced masonry shear walls carried out in the EQUALS Laboratory of Bristol University, in order to assess, and possibly enhance, the current seismic design rules. The study also includes as additional parameter the presence of soundproofing devices required in buildings with numerous dwellings, in order to achieve the acoustic isolation recommended by recent standards. In practice the required level of acoustic isolation is obtained by locating horizontal rubber layers in the wall. These layers are likely to influence significantly the dynamic response of the wall and hence of the whole structure under seismic actions. Tests are performed on walls realized with masonry units and construction methods typical of North-Western Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailEnrichissement des pistes de débardage en forêts clairsemées à Marantacées
Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg; Gillet, Jean-François ULg

in de Wasseige, Carlos; Flynn, J.; Louppe, Dominique (Eds.) et al Les forêts du Bassin du Congo - Etat des forêts 2013 (2014)

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See detailZur Erhebung und kartographischen Darstellung von Daten zur deutschen Alltagssprache online: Möglichkeiten und Grenzen
Möller, Robert ULg; Elspaß, Stephan

in Tosques, Fabio (Ed.) 20 Jahre digitale Sprachkartographie. Tagungsband Berlin 02. bis 03. November 2012 (2014)

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See detailFreud et Brücke
Gyemant, Maria ULg

in Terquem, Sarah (Ed.) Dictionnaire Sigmund Freud (2014)

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See detailAu terme d'une tradition: Simplicius, lecteur du "Phédon"
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Delcomminette, Sylvain; d'Hoine, Pieter; Gavray, Marc-Antoine (Eds.) Ancient Readings of Plato's "Phaedo" (2014)

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See detailQu'entend-on par paysage de qualité? Résultats d'une enquête auprès d'experts roumains et wallons
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Teleuca, Alexandra et al

in Kim, Doo-Chul; Viegas Firmino, Ana Maria; Ichikawa, Yasuo (Eds.) Globalization and New Challenges of Agricultural and Rural Systems (2014)

The European Landscape Convention stresses that “the landscape has an important public interest role in the cultural, ecological, environmental and social fields, and constitutes a resource favourable to ... [more ▼]

The European Landscape Convention stresses that “the landscape has an important public interest role in the cultural, ecological, environmental and social fields, and constitutes a resource favourable to economic activity”. Among other recommendations, signatory countries are committed to assess their landscapes, “taking into account the particular values assigned to them by the interested parties and the population concerned” (Council of Europe 2000). However, assessing landscapes out of a specific framework is not an easy task due to the multiple functions that landscapes perform. Brandt, Tress and Tress (2000) pointed five basic functions: ecological, economic, sociocultural, historical and aesthetic. Relating to these multiple functions, stakeholders may have different points of view on the quality of landscape. In a current bilateral research project funded by Wallonie Bruxelles International and the Romanian Academy, the authors exchange practices concerning landscape monitoring in high value rural landscapes. The paper presents the results of a survey among landscape experts in both countries. Forty-two landscape experts, from Wallonia and Romania, had to specify their level of agreement on fifty-two Likert items regarding landscape quality indicators. A consensus appears about an idyllic landscape characterised by a small human influence. Experts point unanimously the absence of pollution, sustainable farming, the awareness of the inhabitants about landscape, and the aesthetic value as necessary characteristics. Even if the consensus is weaker, both landscape connectivity and regional heritage seem to be other important indicators to assess landscape quality. At the opposite end, the species rarity, the hilliness, a mention in tourist guides, or the presence in the art matter little. The survey stresses also that experts’ advice differs concerning biodiversity indicators, economic potential, and the presence of modern items in the landscape. Generally, Romanian experts stress more the biocentric approach of landscape while Walloon experts may assign importance to urban or industrial landscapes. Finally, the paper suggests nine features worth to be considered when assessing landscapes. [less ▲]

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See detailSodium Channels
Engel, Dominique ULg

in Engel, Dominique (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience (2014)

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See detailL’évaluation de la mémoire à court terme
Majerus, Steve ULg

in Seron, Xavier; Van der Linden, Martial (Eds.) Traité de neuropsychologie clinique – 2ème édition (2014)

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See detailSkin Cancer
Lian, C.G.; Mihm, M.C.; PIERARD, Gérald ULg et al

in Stewart, B.W.; Wild, C.P. (Eds.) World Cancer Report 2014. (2014)

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See detailWays of Being a Child in a Dispersed Family: Multi-parenthood and migratory debt between France and Mali (Soninke homeland)
Razy, Elodie ULg

in Veale, Andrea; Donà, Giorgia (Eds.) Children, migration & globalization: New Mobilities (2014)

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See detailLa négociation collective d’une maladie professionnelle : la pneumoconiose des ouvriers mineurs en Belgique (c. 1937- c. 1970)
Geerkens, Eric ULg

in Rainhorn, Judith (Ed.) Santé et travail à la mine XIXe-XXIe siècle (2014)

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See detailNeuroimaging in Disorders of Consciousness
Bodart, Olivier ULg; Charland-Verville, Vanessa ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg et al

in Filippi, M. (Ed.) Oxford Textbook of Clinical Neurology (2014)

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See detailLes industries à pointes foliacées lors du passage du Paléolithique moyen au supérieur dans les régions septentrionales de l’Europe
Flas, Damien ULg

in Otte, Marcel (Ed.) Néandertal / Cro Magnon. La rencontre (2014)

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See detailLes périodes du Paléolithique supérieur
Flas, Damien ULg

in Toussaint, Michel; Pirson, Stéphane (Eds.) Le patrimoine archéologique de Wallonie. Les chasseurs-cueilleurs du Paléolithique et du Mésolithique (2014)

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See detailLes conventions relatives à la confidentialité en arbitrage
Caprasse, Olivier ULg

in Arbitrage et confidentialité/Arbitrage en vertrouwelijkheid (2014)

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See detailA propos du travail indépendant...
Clesse, Jacques ULg

in Westrade; Gilson (Eds.) Le statut social des travailleurs indépendants (2014)

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See detailBelgian heterosexual attitudes toward homosexual couples and families.
D'Amore, Salvatore ULg; Green, Robert-Jay; Scali, Thérèse ULg et al

in Pereira, Henrique; Costa, Pedro (Eds.) Coming-out for LBBT. Psychology in the current international scenario. (2014)

In Belgium, marriage and adoption for gays and lesbians are legal since respectively 2003 and 2006. Despite the legalization, public opinion is still not unanimous and some heterosexuals continue to ... [more ▼]

In Belgium, marriage and adoption for gays and lesbians are legal since respectively 2003 and 2006. Despite the legalization, public opinion is still not unanimous and some heterosexuals continue to disapprove those families. This study aims at examining the correlated variables of positive and negative attitudes toward same-sex marriage and same-sex parenting. Attitudes were assessed through self-report questionnaires in a cohort of 3663 heterosexual participants that are resident in Belgium, 47% Females, 53% males aged from 18 to 61. It is hypothesized that correlates of positive attitudes toward SSM and GLP will be associated with female gender, lower religiosity, liberal political ideology, and higher education and socioeconomic status. Results suggest that females are significantly more favorable than males toward same-sex marriage. People aged between 18 and 25 are significantly more favorable than older age groups. Atheists/agnostics are significantly more favorable than all religious groups. Left-wing individuals are significantly more favorable than right-wing. Females are significantly more favorable than males toward same-sex parents. These preliminary results seem to confirm our hypothesis and underline the interest of this study. [less ▲]

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See detailIn-silico models of trabecular bone: a sensitivity analysis perspective
Mengoni, Marlène ULg; Sikora, Sebastien N.F.; d'Otreppe, Vinciane et al

in Geris, Liesbet; Gomez-Cabrero, David (Eds.) Uncertainty in Biology: a computational modeling approach (2014)

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See detail"Je n'aime pas mon accent américaine": quelle culture discursive pour quelle conscience normative chez les étudiants Erasmus?
Meunier, Deborah ULg

in Dervin, Fred; Machart, Régis (Eds.) Les nouveaux enjeux des mobilités et migrations académiques (2014)

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See detailDas Land der vielen Grenzen. Räume, Landschaft, Menschen
Brüll, Christoph ULg; Dries, Joseph; Quadflieg, Peter M.

in Lejeune, Carlo; Brüll, Christoph (Eds.) Grenzerfahrungen. Eine Geschichte der Deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft Belgiens. Vol. 5: Säuberung, Wiederaufbau, Autonomiediskussionen (1945-1973) (2014)

„Landschaften, Räume sind nicht bloß vorhandene Realitäten, sondern auch und vor allem Überbleibsel der Vergangenheit. Vergangene Horizonte werden für uns neu gemalt, neu geschaffen durch die gebotenen ... [more ▼]

„Landschaften, Räume sind nicht bloß vorhandene Realitäten, sondern auch und vor allem Überbleibsel der Vergangenheit. Vergangene Horizonte werden für uns neu gemalt, neu geschaffen durch die gebotenen Spektakel: Die Erde ist, wie unsere Haut, dazu verdammt, die Spuren unserer alten Verletzungen zu bewahren.“ Diese Aussage des französischen Historikers Fernand Braudel ruft dazu auf, Landschaften und Räume zu lesen und zu interpretieren. Dies wollen wir als quasi institutionalisierten Einstieg in allen Bänden tun. Die Deutschsprachige Gemeinschaft – aktuell auf der Suche nach einem griffigeren Namen – ist ein zeitgenössisches Kunstgebilde. Diese Grenzlandschaft zwischen Maas und Rhein, zwischen deutschem und französischem Kulturraum sollte in jeder Zeit geografisch anders gefasst und in ihrer Wechselwirkung zu den Nachbarregionen dargestellt werden. In diesem Einstiegskapitel gilt es deshalb, die Region zunächst einfach geografisch zu umschreiben. Christoph Brüll, Joseph Dries und Peter M. Quadflieg haben dann gefragt: Was lässt sich an der Landschaft zwischen Göhl und Our für den Zeitraum von 1945 bis 1973 ablesen? Welche alten Verletzungen können wir beobachten? Welche zukunftsweisenden Entwicklungen lassen sich an der Landschaft bereits ablesen? [less ▲]

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See detailGoûts, dégoûts et savoir-vivre : Histoire d'un silence
Von Hoffmann, Viktoria ULg

in Delfosse, Annick; Glesener, Thomas (Eds.) Lire, écrire et éduquer à la Renaissance. Mélanges en l'honneur du Professeur Franz Bierlaire (2014)

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See detailLas astucias de la ilusión. El ”caso” Mallarmé
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Sanz Roig, Diana (Ed.) Bourdieu después de Bourdieu (2014)

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See detail"Hilf dir selbst, so hilft dir Gott!" Verzerrende Geschichtsbilder und fehlendes Selbstbewusstsein
Brüll, Christoph ULg; Cremer, Freddy; Mießen, Werner

in Lejeune, Carlo; Brüll, Christoph (Eds.) Grenzerfahrungen. Eine Geschichte der Deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft Belgiens. Vol. 5: Säuberung, Wiederaufbau, Autonomiediskussionen (1945-1973) (2014)

Das unitaristische und zentralistische Belgien war in Brüssel oder Löwen schon in den 1960er Jahren nur noch ein Trugbild. Das Land war spürbar im Aufbruch. Doch diese seismographischen Wellen wurden in ... [more ▼]

Das unitaristische und zentralistische Belgien war in Brüssel oder Löwen schon in den 1960er Jahren nur noch ein Trugbild. Das Land war spürbar im Aufbruch. Doch diese seismographischen Wellen wurden in den Ostkantonen kaum registriert. Die innerbelgischen Autonomiediskussionen, auf die Ende der 1960er Jahre schließlich auch die Deutschsprachigen eine Antwort finden sollten, überwältigten diese traumatisierte Minderheit. Hat sie ihre Autonomie wirklich erkämpft oder ist diese das Nebenprodukt der sich stets verschärfenden Auseinandersetzungen zwischen den beiden großen Volksgruppen in Belgien? Welche Interessengruppen haben das demokratische Miteinander mit welchen Zielen bestimmt? Sie liefern Einsichten in einen komplexen Aspekt der politischen Geschichte Ostbelgiens, wobei sie geschickt die Außenperspektive nutzen, um die Mechanismen in Ostbelgien in ein neues Licht zu stellen. Ausgehend von (so die Titel) „Verzerrenden Geschichtsbildern und fehlendem Selbstbewusstsein“ überschreiben sie die spannende Reise in die demokratischen Anfänge der heutigen Deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft mit der markanten Aussage von Leo Tindemans „Hilf dir selbst, so hilft dir Gott!“ [less ▲]

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See detailMind the Gaps: Caryl Phillips’s In the Falling Snow (2009) and the Generational Approach to the Black Diaspora
Ledent, Bénédicte ULg

in Misrahi-Barak, Judith; Raynaud, Claudine (Eds.) Diasporas, Cultures of Mobilities, 'Race', Volume 1 'Diasporas and Cultures of Migrations' (2014)

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See detailThe Dialogic Potential of “Literary Autism”: Caryl Phillips’s Higher Ground (1989) and Marie NDiaye’s Trois femmes puissantes (2009)
Ledent, Bénédicte ULg

in Sell, Roger D. (Ed.) Literature as Dialogue: Invitations Offered and Negotiated (2014)

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See detailMaison rue Ramoux
Prina, Daniela ULg

in Charlier; Moor, Thomas (Eds.) Guide d’architecture moderne et contemporaine à Liège (2014)

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See detailMaison Pieper
Prina, Daniela ULg

in Charlier, Sébastien; Moor, Thomas (Eds.) Guide d’architecture moderne et contemporaine à Liège (2014)

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See detailPréambule à une prise en considération de la complexité universitaire
Bachelet, Jean-François ULg

in Fallon, C;, Leclercq, B. (Ed.) Leurres de la quaité dans l'enseignement supérieur ? Variations internationales sur un thème ambigu. (2014)

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See detailSensitivity analysis of circadian entrainment in the space of phase response curves
Sacré, Pierre ULg; Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg

in Kulkarni, Vishwesh V.; Stan, Guy-Bart; Raman, Karthik (Eds.) A Systems Theoretic Approach to Systems and Synthetic Biology II: Analysis and Design of Cellular Systems (2014)

Sensitivity analysis is a classical and fundamental tool to evaluate the role of a given parameter in a given system characteristic. Because the phase response curve is a fundamental input–output ... [more ▼]

Sensitivity analysis is a classical and fundamental tool to evaluate the role of a given parameter in a given system characteristic. Because the phase response curve is a fundamental input–output characteristic of oscillators, we developed a sensitivity analysis for oscillator models in the space of phase response curves. The proposed tool can be applied to high-dimensional oscillator models without facing the curse of dimensionality obstacle associated with numerical exploration of the parameter space. Application of this tool to a state-of-the-art model of circadian rhythms suggests that it can be useful and instrumental to biological investigations. [less ▲]

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See detailStaat und Kirche im Reich Karls des Grossen
Close, Florence ULg

in Pohl, Frank (Ed.) Karl der Grosse - Charlemagne . Orte der Macht (2014)

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See detailFacharztprüfung Dermatologie und venerologie
Rübben, Albert; NIKKELS, Arjen ULg

in von Stebut, Esther; Berneburg, Mark; Maurer, Marcus (Eds.) et al Dermatologie und venerologie (2014)

Frage und antwort über Herpesviren

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See detailSimultaneous Temperature and Deformations Measurements Using Long-Wave Infrared Speckle Interferometry: A Novel Hybrid Technique for Industrial Nondestructive Testing
Georges, Marc ULg; Vandenrijt, Jean-François ULg; Thizy, Cédric ULg et al

in Osten, Wolfgang (Ed.) Fringe 2013 (2014)

The use of long-wave infrared (LWIR) CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays in digital holographic and speckle interferometry shows interesting features for full-field displacement/deformation metrology and ... [more ▼]

The use of long-wave infrared (LWIR) CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays in digital holographic and speckle interferometry shows interesting features for full-field displacement/deformation metrology and nondestructive testing. The first one is that the long wavelength yields the measurement of larger displacements together with decreasing the sensitivity to environmental perturbations. Therefore these interferometric methods can be applied more easily in industrial field applications. Another advantage was put forward in the European project FANTOM which is presented in this paper. In addition to specklegrams, the thermal background is captured simultaneously. Therefore in displacement metrology one can correlate uniquely the temperature and displacement information at the same time and in each pixel. We describe the successful achievements of the project. Thorough understanding of optics and speckle interferometry crossed with state-of-art in thermam imaging systems allowed to study this new hybrid technique in deep and tackle some specific constraints for reaching the best performances. As a result, a mobile instrument has been developed and validated on various industrial structural testing facilities and inspection areas. It has been used in thermomechanical measurements as well as in detection of defects in aeronautical composites. In particular we show that the two parts of the signal (the thermal part on one hand and the interferograms showing the deformation on the other hand) yield complementary information. A very interesting result is that it allows increasing the probability of detecting defects, for some of them are better seen in the thermal signal, whereas others appear only through local surface deformation. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduzione
George, Philippe ULg

in Sant'Agatha. Il reliquiario a busto. Nuovi contributi interdisciplinari (2014)

Le buste-reliquaire de sainte Agathe fait l'objet d'une étude interdisciplinaire internationale commencée en 2006 et préalable à sa restauration.

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See detailPenser l'incertain
Vrancken, Didier ULg

in Vrancken, Didier (Ed.) Penser l'incertain (2014)

Introduction générale à l'ouvrage construite autour de 8 sections : 1) Ne plus trembler face aux risques; 2) Catastrophes, risques, incertitudes : les mots pour tenter de les dire; 3) L'incertain en ... [more ▼]

Introduction générale à l'ouvrage construite autour de 8 sections : 1) Ne plus trembler face aux risques; 2) Catastrophes, risques, incertitudes : les mots pour tenter de les dire; 3) L'incertain en sociologie; 4) L'incertain en débat; 5) Des mondes incertains; 6) Des vies éprouvantes; 7) La sociologie à l'épreuve de l'incertain; 8) Ouvertures. [less ▲]

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See detailMaisons Nusbaum
Prina, Daniela ULg

in Charlier, Sébastien; Moor, Thomas (Eds.) Guide d’architecture moderne et contemporaine à Liège (2014)

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See detailLa liberté dans le nouveau droit belge de l'arbitrage
Caprasse, Olivier ULg

in Liber Amicorum Johan Erauw (2014)

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See detailMetabolic responses to exercise and training
Votion, Dominique ULg

in Hinchcliff K.W; Kaneps A.J.; Geor R.J. (Eds.) Equine Sport Medicine and Surgery (2014)

This chapter reviews the whole-body and muscular metabolic responses and also describes the effects of training adaptation on these processes.

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See detailIn Search of the Lost Serial
Capart, Philippe; Dejasse, Erwin ULg

in Beaty, Bart; Miller, Ann (Eds.) The French Comics Theory Reader (2014)

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See detailUne "évaluation-action" au service de l'alliance transfrontalière pour la promotion de la santé mentale
Absil, Gaëtan ULg; Govers, Patrick ULg; Vandoorne, Chantal ULg

in Fond-Harmant, Laurence (Ed.) Prévention et promotion de la santé mentale : une alliance transfrontalière innovante (2014)

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See detailSigmund Freud. Pour introduire le narcissisme
Gauvry, Charlotte ULg

in Aucouturier, Valérie; Parot, Françoise (Eds.) Psychanalyse. Métapsychologie, concepts et dissidences (2014)

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See detailL'architecture l'exposition internationale de Liège en 1939
Charlier, Sébastien ULg

in Duchesne, Jean-Patrick; Micha, Edith (Eds.) L'art dégénéré dans les collections de l'ULg, Chagall, Ensor, Laurencin, Matisse, Vlaminck (2014)

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See detailMaison Rogister
Prina, Daniela ULg

in Charlier, Sébastien; Moor, Thomas (Eds.) Guide d’architecture moderne et contemporaine à Liège (2014)

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See detailCourtly Love, Stars, and Power: The Queens in Third Century Royal Couples, through Poetry and Epigraphic Texts
Caneva, Stefano ULg

in Harder, Annette; Regtuit, Remco; Wakker, G. C. (Eds.) Hellenistic Poetry in Context. (2014)

I discuss the role of women and erōs in court poetry, by focusing on the ruling pair, i.e. the couple par excellence, and arguing that a gentle, reciprocal love within the bonds of marriage is presented ... [more ▼]

I discuss the role of women and erōs in court poetry, by focusing on the ruling pair, i.e. the couple par excellence, and arguing that a gentle, reciprocal love within the bonds of marriage is presented as a crucial value, ensuring wealth and social order as well as the continuity of the dynasty itself. Because court life is a fashionable source of models for the elite, the poetic motif of requited love also influences the ideal depiction of love outside the ruling pair. After focusing on how internal patterns of relationship between characters shape the role of the queen in Alexandrian court poetry, I turn to non-literary, epigraphic evidence, in order to show how poetic representations of royal love integrate into a wider ideological program. Although my study mainly concerns Ptolemaic ruling pairs, I discuss some epigraphic parallels from the Seleucid dynasty as well, so that some general observations can be made on early Hellenistic queenship. [less ▲]

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See detailAlternative ways of pricing and financing social insurance
Jousten, Alain ULg; Gillingham, Robert

in Frölich, Markus; Kaplan, David; Pagés, Carmen (Eds.) et al Social Security, Informal Sector, and Employment in Middle Income Countries: How to Protect Workers While Creating Good Jobs (2014)

Social insurance systems vary widely in terms of coverage of workers and risks, financing sources and the structure and generosity of benefits. The predominant source of financing for social insurance ... [more ▼]

Social insurance systems vary widely in terms of coverage of workers and risks, financing sources and the structure and generosity of benefits. The predominant source of financing for social insurance comes from “deductions” from payrolls. These deductions are typically categorized as either “taxes” or “contributions,” but they share the characteristics of both. Any analysis of how best to finance social insurance must thus start from an analysis of social insurance pricing: a decomposition of the insurance component (the true contribution) from the pure tax component (the true tax). Only then can an informed discussion about reforming financing mechanisms proceed. After reviewing the structure of social insurance financing and taxes in Latin America, this paper (1) discusses the problems with payroll financing of social insurance, (2) presents options for addressing these problems, (3) ties these problems to the level of informality, and (4) describes the challenges faced by policymakers in deciding how best to finance social insurance. [less ▲]

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See detailCommerce et opérateurs immobiliers. Un marché en voie de financiarisation
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg; Nappi-Choulet, Ingrid

in Gasnier, Arnaud; Lemarchand, Nathalie (Eds.) Le commerce dans tous ses états. Espaces marchands et enjeux de société (2014)

Short analysis of commercial real estate in its various forms with evidence of recent market financialization

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See detailNail surface topography and onychochronobiology.
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; Franchimont, Claudine ULg

in Berardesca, E.; Wilhelm, K.P.; Maibach, H.I. (Eds.) Non invasive diagnostic techniques in clinical dermatology. (2014)

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See detailTaqī al-Dīn Aḥmad ibn ʿAlī al-Maqrīzī
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Mallett, Alex (Ed.) Medieval Muslim Historians and the Franks in the Levant (2014)

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See detailVom Nutzen massenhaften Laienwissens für die Erforschung von Strukturen der Alltagssprache
Elspaß, Stephan; Möller, Robert ULg

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