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See detailDemography
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULg

in Save Cambodia's Wildlife (Ed.) Atlas of Cambodia: Maps on Socio-Economic Development and Environment (2014)

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See detailL'exercice du pouvoir dans les sociétés en Belgique
Caprasse, Olivier ULg; Aydogdu, Roman ULg

in Le pouvoir dans les sociétés (2014)

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See detailIn-silico models of trabecular bone: a sensitivity analysis perspective
Mengoni, Marlène ULg; Sikora, Sebastien N.F.; d'Otreppe, Vinciane et al

in Geris, Liesbet; Gomez-Cabrero, David (Eds.) Uncertainty in Biology: a computational modeling approach (2014)

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See detailAre Simple Calculation Models always on the Safe Side?
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Schaumann, Peter (Ed.) Festschrift Peter Schaumann (2014)

This paper examines the question whether simple calculation models are always on the safe side compared to advanced calculation models. This question is examined for the shadow effect, for the contact ... [more ▼]

This paper examines the question whether simple calculation models are always on the safe side compared to advanced calculation models. This question is examined for the shadow effect, for the contact between steel and concrete in composite steel-concrete floors, for the buckling curves of steel sections and, finally, for the factors κ1 and κ2 applied to the bending resistance of steel beams. [less ▲]

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See detailL’architecture moderne à Liège dans les années 1930
Charlier, Sébastien ULg

in Duchesne, Jean-Patrick (Ed.) L'art dégénéré selon Hitler. La vente de Lucerne, 1939 (2014)

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See detailProblèmes de l’auto-représentationalisme
Seron, Denis ULg

in Lestocart, Louis-José (Ed.) Esthétique et complexité II, neurosciences, évolution, épistémologie et philosophie (2014)

Dans cet article, l'auteur épingle quelques difficultés de la théorie auto-représentationnelle de la conscience de Uriah Kriegel. Il propose ensuite une stratégie alternative, moins problématique. D'après ... [more ▼]

Dans cet article, l'auteur épingle quelques difficultés de la théorie auto-représentationnelle de la conscience de Uriah Kriegel. Il propose ensuite une stratégie alternative, moins problématique. D'après cette stratégie, la conscience phénoménale ne doit pas être définie en termes de représentation, mais inversement l'intentionnalité doit être définie phénoménologiquement. L'auteur propose une définition phénoménologique de l'intentionnalité, qu'il attribue à Brentano. [less ▲]

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See detailMaisieres-Canal: An Open-Air Aurignacian Workshop
Miller, Rebecca ULg

in Smith, Claire (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology (2014)

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See detailStaat und Kirche im Reich Karls des Grossen
Close, Florence ULg

in Pohl, Frank (Ed.) Karl der Grosse - Charlemagne . Orte der Macht (2014)

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See detailEau et changement climatique. Tendances et perceptions en Afrique de l’Ouest
Ozer, Pierre ULg; Perrin, Dominique ULg

in Ballouche, Aziz; Taïbi, Nuscia Aude (Eds.) Eau, milieux et aménagement. Une recherche au service des territoires (2014)

L’Afrique de l’Ouest, plus spécifiquement sa frange semi-aride que constitue le Sahel, a connu, au cours de ces dernières décennies, deux crises majeures de sécheresse presque contiguës dans les années ... [more ▼]

L’Afrique de l’Ouest, plus spécifiquement sa frange semi-aride que constitue le Sahel, a connu, au cours de ces dernières décennies, deux crises majeures de sécheresse presque contiguës dans les années 1970 et 1980. Cependant, depuis les années 1990, les tendances pluviométriques montrent globalement un retour vers des moyennes antérieures aux années 1970. Toutefois, cette amélioration des totaux pluviométriques annuels semble être partiellement le fait d’une intensité des pluies plus importante et il appert que la longueur de la saison des pluies évolue peu par rapport aux décennies de sécheresse. Par ailleurs, depuis la moitié du XXe siècle, la population sahélienne a plus que quadruplé et les prévisions pour 2050 avancent un facteur de croissance de l’ordre de dix. Les taux de croissance urbaine sont encore plus impressionnants et entraînent chaque jour d’importants bouleversements environnementaux. Une telle pression anthropique sur des ressources fragiles engendre un déboisement incontrôlé pour satisfaire les besoins en énergie des populations, la demande en bois d’œuvre et l’expansion agricole. En outre, le cheptel toujours plus nombreux et devant se satisfaire de parcours continuellement réduits engendre un surpâturage. Le tout provoque donc une dégradation de la couverture végétale du sol ainsi qu’une diminution globale des rendements des cultures. Dans le même temps, les études réalisées auprès de communautés locales et de décideurs en Afrique de l’Ouest montrent que la pauvre santé du cheptel, la réduction des rendements céréaliers, l’augmentation de la fréquence des inondations dans certaines villes et la dégradation des moyens d’existence sont le plus souvent attribués au changement climatique. Cet article fait le point sur les connaissances actuelles des variations pluviométriques passées et à venir ; ainsi que sur les perceptions des impacts du « changement climatique » en Afrique de l’Ouest. Ainsi, les famines récurrentes au Niger en 2005, 2009, 2011 et 2012 sont-elles dues au réchauffement climatique ? Les inondations, le plus souvent en zone urbaine, résultent-elles spécifiquement d’une augmentation des événements pluviométriques extrêmes ? Nous concluons sur une analyse des politiques nationales et internationales menées actuellement en Afrique de l’Ouest en termes d’adaptation aux impacts du changement climatique. [less ▲]

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See detailLe choix du liégeois. Dîmègne de Louis Remacle
Baiwir, Esther ULg; Biquet, Stéphanie ULg

in Baiwir, Esther; Biquet, Stéphanie (Eds.) Petite anthologie subjective de littérature wallonne (2014)

Lecture et commentaire du seul poème en liégeois de Louis Remacle, "Dîmègne".

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See detailVorsilbe
Münzberg, Franziska ULg

in Schierholz, Stefan J.; Dürscheid, Christa (Eds.) Grammatik - Formenlehre (2014)

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See detailDoxa
Provenzano, François ULg

in Glinoer, Anthony; Saint-Amand, Denis (Eds.) Lexique Socius. Les concepts des approches sociales du littéraire (2014)

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See detailUnemployment and underemployment in Rwandan rural areas
Musabanganji, Edouard ULg; Rukundo, Johnson Bosco

in Mihyo, Paschal B. (Ed.) Employment policies and unemployment in Eastern and Southern Africa (2014)

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See detailNovel Functions of Core Cell Cycle Regulators in Neuronal Migration
Godin, Juliette ULg; Nguyen, Laurent ULg

in Cellular and Molecular Control of Neuronal Migration (2014)

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See detailHand dermometrology
PIERARD, Gérald ULg; Pierard, Sébastien ULg; Franchimont, Claudine ULg et al

in Alikhan, A.; Lachapelle, J.M.; Maibach, M.I. (Eds.) Textbook of hand eczema. (2014)

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See detailMaison Lapaille
Prina, Daniela ULg

in Charlier, Sébastien; Moor, Thomas (Eds.) Guide d’architecture moderne et contemporaine à Liège (2014)

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See detailLa situation des salariés belges à la veille de la Première Guerre mondiale
Geerkens, Eric ULg

in Maréchal, Christine; Schloss, Claudine (Eds.) 1914-1918. Vivre la guerre à Liège et en Wallonie (2014)

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See detailPuntualizaciones sobre el pasado de una zarzuela sobre el futuro (_El siglo que viene_, 1876)
Ceballos Viro, Alvaro ULg

in Brandenberger, Tobias (Ed.) Dimensiones y desafíos de la zarzuela (2014)

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See detailCe que Sartre fait à la négritude. Archéologie d'un discours francodoxe
Provenzano, François ULg

in Imorou, Abdoulaye (Ed.) La littérature africaine francophone. Mesures d’une présence au monde (2014)

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See detailL'instance arbitrale et le temps
Caprasse, Olivier ULg

in Saletti, A.; van Compernolle, J.; van Drooghenbroeck, J.-F. (Eds.) L'arbitre et le juge étatique - Etudes de droit comparté à la mémoire de Giuseppe Tarzia (2014)

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See detailTransfer across the air-sea interface
Garbe; Rutgersson, Anna; Boutin, Jacqueline et al

in Liss, Peter; Johnson, Martin (Eds.) Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions of Gases and Particles (2014)

The efficiency of transfer of gases and particles across the air-sea interface is controlled by several physical, biological and chemical processes in the atmosphere and water which are described here ... [more ▼]

The efficiency of transfer of gases and particles across the air-sea interface is controlled by several physical, biological and chemical processes in the atmosphere and water which are described here (including waves, large- and small-scale turbulence, bubbles, sea spray, rain and surface films). For a deeper understanding of relevant transport mechanisms, several models have been developed, ranging from conceptual models to numerical models. Most frequently the transfer is described by various functional dependencies of the wind speed, but more detailed descriptions need additional information. The study of gas transfer mechanisms uses a variety of experimental methods ranging from laboratory studies to carbon budgets, mass balance methods, micrometeorological techniques and thermographic techniques. Different methods resolve the transfer at different scales of time and space; this is important to take into account when comparing different results. Air-sea transfer is relevant in a wide range of applications, for example, local and regional fluxes, global models, remote sensing and computations of global inventories. The sensitivity of global models to the description of transfer velocity is limited; it is however likely that the formulations are more important when the resolution increases and other processes in models are improved. For global flux estimates using inventories or remote sensing products the accuracy of the transfer formulation as well as the accuracy of the wind field is crucial. [less ▲]

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See detailInfractions fiscales et blanchiment de capitaux : retour sur les évolutions récentes
Bourgeois, Marc ULg

in Van Molle, M. (Ed.) Blanchiment de capitaux et professions juridiques (2014)

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See detailPostface
Badir, Sémir ULg

in Baetens, Jan (Ed.) Vivre sa vie et autres poèmes (2014)

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See detailDie Wehrmachtjustiz in Belgien als Instrument der Besatzungspolitik
Brüll, Christoph ULg

in Bade, Claudia; Skowronski, Lars; Viebig, Michael (Eds.) NS-Militärjustiz im Zweiten Weltkrieg. Disziplinierungs- und Repressionsinstrument in europäischer Dimension (2014)

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See detailL'économie liégeoise sous l'occupation allemande en 1914-1918 : constats, balises et itinéraires moins connus
Peters, Arnaud ULg; Deloge, Pascal

in Maréchal, Christine; Schloss, Claudine (Eds.) 1914-1918. Vivre la guerre à Liège et en Wallonie (2014)

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See detailDigital Holographic Interferometry in the Long-Wave Infrared for the Testing of Large Aspheric Space Reflectors
Vandenrijt, Jean-François ULg; Thizy, Cédric ULg; Stockman, Yvan ULg et al

in Osten, Wolfgang (Ed.) Fringe 2013 (2014)

Digital holographic (DH) interferometry has been developed in the long-wave infrared spectral range with CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays. This application has been driven by the European Space ... [more ▼]

Digital holographic (DH) interferometry has been developed in the long-wave infrared spectral range with CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays. This application has been driven by the European Space Agency’s constant need of techniques for monitoring large displacements of large structures. Here the study focuses on the case of aspheric mirrors, like parabola and ellipses. Usually they are tested through interferometric wavefront error measurements which require expensive null-lenses matching each of the reflectors considered. In the case of monitoring deformation a holographic technique can be considered where the wavefront is compared with itself at different instant. Therefore the optical can be quite simple and easily reconfigurable from one reflector to another. The advantage of using long wavelength is that large deformations can be measured at once, in addition to being more immune against environmental perturbations. Another advantage of DH at such wavelengths is that the ratio between the wavelength and the pixel size allows reconstructing objects 5 to 10 times larger than with DH in the visible. In this project we considered first the case of a 1.1 meter diameter parabola for submillimeter range observations. Such specimen shows strong specular reflectivity. We have developed several set-ups with different ways to illuminate the object and to collect rays to form the object beam: either through point source or through and extended diffuser working by reflection of the laser beam. Both possibilities have been compared in terms of fringe quality as well as measurement range. We selected the diffuser illumination for applying the set-up into a large vacuum facility for measuring the deformation of the parabola between 224 and 107 K. Results of this measurement campaign are presented. A further application has been shown by observation of off-axis ellipse. In this case interferometric testing is difficult to achieve and LWIR DHI with diffuser illumination is found quite simple to implement and gives straightforward results. [less ▲]

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See detailActualité du transcendantal en physique
Bouquiaux, Laurence ULg

in Questions anthropologiques et phénoménologiques. Autour du travail de Daniel Giovannangeli (2014)

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See detailDensity Functional Perturbation Theory
Verstraete, Matthieu ULg; Zanolli, Zeila

in Blügel, S.; Helbig, N.; Meden, V. (Eds.) et al Computing Solids: Models, Ab-initio Methods and Supercomputing, Lecture Notes of the 45th Spring School 2014 (2014)

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See detailAncient Bidialectalism And Bilingualism
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Bubenik, Vit; Giannakis, Georgios K. (Eds.) The Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics (2014)

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See detailDe communautaire breuklijn België: kloof of spleetje?
Sinardet, Dave; Reuchamps, Min; Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg

in Devos, Carl (Ed.) BELGIË #2014: Een politieke geschiedenis van morgen (2014)

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See detailLe FDF dans les provinces et les entités fédérées
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

in Dujardin, Vincent; Delcorps, Vincent (Eds.) FDF. 50 ans d’engagement politique (2014)

Cette contribution analyse l’action du FDF, parti « communautaire » essentiellement bruxellois, dans les entités fédérées. Quel rôle a-t-il joué, seul ou en partenariat avec le RW puis les libéraux, à la ... [more ▼]

Cette contribution analyse l’action du FDF, parti « communautaire » essentiellement bruxellois, dans les entités fédérées. Quel rôle a-t-il joué, seul ou en partenariat avec le RW puis les libéraux, à la Communauté française ? Comment s’est articulé son combat pour une région bruxelloise et dans quelle mesure y a-t-il appliqué son programme depuis 1989 ? Quelle est l’action de son seul député au Parlement flamand ? Le FDF a-t-il réussi à dépasser son image de parti protestataire, focalisé sur les thématiques linguistiques, pour se positionner en mouvement « urbain et culturel », se définissant comme « réformateur social » ? Nous nous appuyons sur les archives du parti, ses publications internes, les sources officielles émanant des régions et communautés mais également la presse quotidienne et magazine. [less ▲]

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See detailLa libre-pensée, une religion comme une autre ? Financement public et gestion de la pluralité religieuse et philosophique en Belgique.
Husson, Jean-François ULg

in Lamine, Anne-Sophie (Ed.) Quand le religieux fait conflit. Désaccords, négociations ou arrangements (2014)

L’analyse du financement public des communautés convictionnelles livre-t-elle des éclairages particuliers sur la gestion de la pluralité religieuse ? Cet article entend répondre par la positive, au départ ... [more ▼]

L’analyse du financement public des communautés convictionnelles livre-t-elle des éclairages particuliers sur la gestion de la pluralité religieuse ? Cet article entend répondre par la positive, au départ du cas belge. Après une brève présentation de l'approche théorique (instrumentation de l'action publique) et de la situation nationale étudiée, une troisième partie propose une lecture de la gestion de la pluralité convictionnelle en traitant de l’ouverture du système (notamment aux humanismes séculiers, appelés "mouvement laïque" ou "laïcité organisée" en Belgique), du dialogue intra- et interconvictionnel ainsi que du dialogue entre les communautés convictionnelles et les pouvoirs publics. [less ▲]

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See detailUne cloche sonnant la retraite nommée "Côparèye". Petit essai de campanonymie et de sémiologie campanaire
Boutier, Marie-Guy ULg; Bruyère, Paul

in Greub, Yan; Thibault, André (Eds.) Dialectologie et étymologie galloromane. Mélanges en l'honneur de l'éméritat de Jean-Paul Chauveau (2014)

L'article propose l'étymologie du nom de la cloche la plus fameuse de la cathédrale Saint-Lambert de Liège et jette les bases d'une campanonymie (étude des noms de cloches) d'origine délocutive (mots ... [more ▼]

L'article propose l'étymologie du nom de la cloche la plus fameuse de la cathédrale Saint-Lambert de Liège et jette les bases d'une campanonymie (étude des noms de cloches) d'origine délocutive (mots tirant leur origine d'énoncés). [less ▲]

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See detailRésolution de tâches complexes, évaluation « en phases » et compétence en mathématiques.
Fagnant, Annick ULg; Demonty, Isabelle ULg; Dierendonck, Christophe et al

in Dierendonck, Christophe; Loarer, Even; Rey, Bernard (Eds.) L'évaluation des compétences en milieu scolaire et en milieu professionnel (2014)

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See detailIn silico biology of bone regeneration inside calcium phosphate scaffolds
Carlier, Aurélie ULg; Van Oosterwyck, Hans; Geris, Liesbet ULg

in Tissue Engineering: Computer Modeling, Biofabrication and Cell Behavior (2014)

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See detailD'une rive à l'autre. La mise en récit des stéréotypes de la cécité
Havelange, Carl ULg

in Verine, Bertrand (Ed.) Dire le non-visuel. Approches multidisciplinaires des discours sur les perceptions autres que la vue (2014)

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See detailMagnette Charles
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

in Nouvelle biographie nationale (2014)

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See detailLes MARC's
Balon, Françoise; Nyssen, Anne-Sophie ULg

in Larcier (Ed.) Les modes Alternatifs de Règlement des conflits (2014)

Les Modes Alternatifs de Règlement des Conflits

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See detailSkin Cancer
Lian, C.G.; Mihm, M.C.; PIERARD, Gérald ULg et al

in Stewart, B.W.; Wild, C.P. (Eds.) World Cancer Report 2014. (2014)

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See detailnominales Präfix
Münzberg, Franziska ULg

in Schierholz, Stefan J.; Dürscheid, Christa (Eds.) Grammatik - Formenlehre (2014)

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See detailAssessment of Patient Comfort During Palliative Sedation: Is it always Reliable?
Deschepper, R; Bilsen, J; Laureys, Steven ULg

in Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine (2014)

"When death knocks at the door of our ward, we do not easily open the door”, an intensivist once said. In the intensive care unit (ICU) and emergency department, care is strongly focused on cure and ... [more ▼]

"When death knocks at the door of our ward, we do not easily open the door”, an intensivist once said. In the intensive care unit (ICU) and emergency department, care is strongly focused on cure and resuscitation. Notwithstanding the technological progress made in intensive and emergency medicine, a substantial number of the patients admitted to the ICU cannot be saved. In these cases, it is important to make a timely shift from curative efforts to palliative care, so that futile and burdensome interventions can be avoided. When death becomes imminent, a major concern of the family members and caregivers is to assure maximal comfort during the dying process. A central aspect of good end-of-life care is to keep the patient, as much as possible, free of pain and other kinds of distress. However, many critically ill patients often suffer from symptoms such as pain and delirium. More than 50 % of critically ill patients in the ICU experience moderate to severe pain and pain in critically ill patients often remains untreated [1]. [less ▲]

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See detailAncient Bidialectalism And Bilingualism
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Bubenik, Vit; Giannakis, Georgios K. (Eds.) The Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics (2014)

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See detailFamilles diasporiques et arènes spirituelles. Approche ethnographique translocale: Kinshasa-Bruxelles-Liège-Kinshasa
Meiers, Bénédicte ULg

in Mazzocchetti, Jacinthe (Ed.) Migrations subsahariennes en Belgique (2014)

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See detailDermatophytes as Saprophytes and Pathogens
Monod, M; Mignon, Bernard ULg; Staib, P

in Sullivan, DJ; Moran, GP (Eds.) Human Pathogenic Fungi: Molecular Biology and Pathogenic Mechanisms (2014)

Dermatophytes infect the stratum corneum, nails and hair and are the most common agents of superficial mycoses in humans and animals. At present the genome of seven species has been sequenced. Between 22 ... [more ▼]

Dermatophytes infect the stratum corneum, nails and hair and are the most common agents of superficial mycoses in humans and animals. At present the genome of seven species has been sequenced. Between 22.5 and 24 Mb, the dermatophyte genomes are smaller in size than those of Coccidioides spp., Histoplasma spp. and Aspergillus spp. They are enriched for particular families of genes encoding secreted proteases, fungal specific kinases and proteins containing the LysM domain that is known to bind chitin. Different tools were recently developed to improve genetic analyses of dermatophytes, including efficient systems for targeted gene inactivation, gene silencing and broad transcriptional profiling techniques. Unexpectedly, gene expression profiles in the skin and hair of infected guinea pigs were found to be very different from those during in vitro growth using hard keratin as a substrate. Instead of the major in vitro expressed protease genes, others were found to only be activated in the skin of infected animals. In other words, the expression of putative virulence genes in dermatophytoses is more complex than previously assumed and likely depends on the site and type of infection. Further broad transcriptional profiling approaches during infections will give new insights into the pathogenic mechanisms of dermatophytes. [less ▲]

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See detailSartre, Heidegger et les Recherches Philosophiques - Koyré, Levinas, Wahl. Eléments pour une archéologie de la philosophie française contemporaine
Cormann, Grégory ULg

in Cormann, Grégory; Feron, Olivier (Eds.) Questions anthropologique et phénoménologie. Autour du travail de Daniel Giovannangeli (2014)

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See detailThe leisure context. A forgotten topic of sport pedagogy
Cloes, Marc ULg

in Albuquerque, Alberto; Pinheiro, Claudia; Resende, Rui (Eds.) A Formaçao de Formadores em Educaçao Fisica e Desporto. Perspectivas Internacionais Tendëncias atuais (2014)

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See detailReconciling Plato's and Aristotle's Cosmologies. Attempts at harmonization in Simplicius
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Strobel, Benedikt (Ed.) Die Kunst der philosophischen Exegese bei den Antiken Platon- und Aristoteles-Kommentatoren (2014)

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See detailLa loi Breyne (2ième éd.)
Kohl, Benoît ULg

in Guide de droit immobilier (2014)

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See detailContribution scientifique et administrative: Cadre géologique
Mottequin, Bernard ULg; Marion, Jean-Marc ULg

in Gilles-Sépulchre, Yvette (Ed.) Sprimont, gravé dans la pierre (2014)

The main features of the geology of the town of Sprimont (province of Liège, Belgium) are presented, with particular attention to the rocks that were used in the past on its territory and that are still ... [more ▼]

The main features of the geology of the town of Sprimont (province of Liège, Belgium) are presented, with particular attention to the rocks that were used in the past on its territory and that are still exploited today. [less ▲]

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See detailPostface
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in Ancion, Nicolas (Ed.) 'Les Ours n'ont pas de problème de parking' suivi de 'Le Dortoir' (2014)

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See detailGilles de Rais : Quattrocento come noi?
Curreri, Luciano ULg

in Nobili, Sebastiana; Roda, Vittorio; Ruozzi, Gino (Eds.) Studi in onore di Alfredo Cottignoli (2014)

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See detailAlchemy and Art Technology in German Medieval and Early Modern Recipe Books
Neven, Sylvie ULg

in Dupré, Sven (Ed.) Laboratory of Art (2014)

In the Middle Ages and premodern period, artisanal knowledge was transmitted via collections of recipes often grouped concomitantly with alchemical texts and instructions. Except for some very well-known ... [more ▼]

In the Middle Ages and premodern period, artisanal knowledge was transmitted via collections of recipes often grouped concomitantly with alchemical texts and instructions. Except for some very well-known artistic treatises, such as those by Eraclius or the Schedula diversarum artium, attributed to Theophilus, detection and identification of alchemical content within recipe books has been rare and fraught with difficulty. In a broad sense, alchemy could be defined as the ‘art of transmutation’, referring to the perfection of base or impure matter (often metal or stone) into perfect substances. In this context, alchemical procedures rely on artisanal or craft practices. Thus, any overlap between alchemy and art-technological procedures can be explained by the use of various identical materials and substances. Both are concerned with the description of colours—especially in regard to processes of change, the making of pigments, the production of artificial gemstones, the imitation of gold and silver and the transmutation of materials. Both require procedures involving precise and specifically defined actions, prescriptions and ingredients. So both use identical rhetorical recipe formulations that reflect a ‘step by step’ procedure. Assuming that alchemical and artistic texts have the same textual format, raises the question: did they also have the same methods of production and reception? Using a corpus of about forty manuscripts produced in Northern Europe between the fourteenth and the sixteenth centuries, this paper investigates the authorship and the context of production behind these writings, and scrutinizes the process of their compilation and dissemination. This serves, on a variety of levels, to elucidate information about their former nature and use. Finally, this paper examines the various ways alchemical and artisanal recipes were embedded within recipe books. It also proposes some clues to help in locating, identifying and demarcating this type of alchemical writing within the literature of recipes. [less ▲]

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See detailStefano Poggi, James lecteur de Lotze
Boccaccini, Federico ULg

in Boccaccini, Federico (Ed.) Lotze et son héritage. Son influence et son impact sur la philosophie du XXème siècle (2014)

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See detailHuman Exposure of Bisphenol A: Review of the Urinary Biomarker Levels in the General Population
PIRARD, Catherine ULg; Charlier, Corinne ULg

in Gibert, Yann (Ed.) Bisphenol A: Sources, Risks of Environmental Exposure and Human Health Effects (2014)

Bipshenol A (2,2’-bis-[4-hydroxyphenyl]propane) involved as monomer in the manufacture of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins, is found in a wide variety of products including food packaging, baby ... [more ▼]

Bipshenol A (2,2’-bis-[4-hydroxyphenyl]propane) involved as monomer in the manufacture of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins, is found in a wide variety of products including food packaging, baby bottles, food and drink cans or containers. Because of the migration of bisphenol A from the food container to the food itself, the dietary ingestion has been estimated to be the main source for the general population. The Human exposure is increasingly studied either through the determination of dietary intake or more frequently via the measurement of urinary biomarker. This chapter is reporting results from roughly 200 publications dedicated to the bisphenol A levels found in the urine of the worldwide general population and measured within the different Human biomonitoring (HBM) studies conducted in this last decade. The exposure of children and pregnant women, both known as particularly vulnerable populations, is separately examined. The impact of the different legislations implemented in different countries to reduce children’s exposure on one hand and the different campaigns dedicated to the general public on the other hand, is not observed yet through temporal trend, likely because of the quite recent character of these actions. The advantages and the limitations of biomonitoring studies are also addressed, like the high within-person variability, the difficulties to access to reliable analytical techniques, the poor inter-study comparability, and the current need of longitudinal studies to establish links between BPA exposure and chronic diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailNorthern Europe: Middle to Upper Paleolithic Transition
Flas, Damien ULg

in Smith, Claire (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology (2014)

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See detailTitchener contre l'intentionnalisme brentanien
Seron, Denis ULg

in Niveleau, Charles-Edouard (Ed.) Vers une philosophie scientifique: Le programme de Brentano (2014)

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See detailUn véhicule pour son enfant, mais une assurance à quel prix ?
Paris, Catherine ULg

in Recueil de Jurisprudence Responsabilité - Assurances - Accidents du travail, Vol. II - Jurisprudence 2012 (2014)

L'auteur examine la sanction qu'encourt le preneur d'assurance qui ne déclare pas correctement le risque au moment de conclure le contrat dans le but de faire une économie de prime.

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See detailLe dispositif de l'autel : normes liturgiques
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in Dekoninck, Ralph; D’HAINAUT-ZVENY, Brigitte (Eds.) Machinae spirituales. Les retables baroques dans les Pays-Bas méridionaux. Contributions à une histoire formelle du sentiment religieux au XVIIe siècle (2014)

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See detailLes transformations de la fonction RH : proposition d’un cadre d’analyse
Pichault, François ULg

in Barabel, Michel; Meier, Olivier; Perret, André (Eds.) A quoi ressemblera la fonction RH demain ? (2014)

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See detailDe Gênes à Liège : implantation des annonciades célestes sur la Dorsale catholique
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

in Deregnaucourt, Gilles; Krumenacker, Yves; Martin, Philippe (Eds.) et al La Dorsale catholique - jansénisme – dévotions : XVIe-XVIIIe siècles. Mythe, réalité, actualité historiographique (2014)

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See detailÉnonciation
Provenzano, François ULg

in Glinoer, Anthony; Saint-Amand, Denis (Eds.) Lexique Socius. Les concepts des approches sociales du littéraire (2014)

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See detailFibromyalgie post-traumatique : mythe ou réalité ?
Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg; Maquet, Didier ULg

in Lucas, Pierre; Stehman, Michel (Eds.) Les troubles somatoformes (2014)

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See detailPaul Mertens (1925-2011)
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Capasso, Mario (Ed.) Hermae. Scholars and Scholarship in Papyrology, IV (2014)

Life and works of Paul Mertens (1925-2011), Belgian philologist and papyrologist and founder of the CEDOPAL at the University of Liège

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See detailSafety aspects related to microreaction technology
Monbaliu, Jean-Christophe ULg; Cukalovic, Ana; Stevens, Christian

in Darvas, Ferenc; Dormán, György; Hessel, Volker (Eds.) Flow Chemistry Vol 2: Applications (2014)

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See detailSimultaneous Temperature and Deformations Measurements Using Long-Wave Infrared Speckle Interferometry: A Novel Hybrid Technique for Industrial Nondestructive Testing
Georges, Marc ULg; Vandenrijt, Jean-François ULg; Thizy, Cédric ULg et al

in Osten, Wolfgang (Ed.) Fringe 2013 (2014)

The use of long-wave infrared (LWIR) CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays in digital holographic and speckle interferometry shows interesting features for full-field displacement/deformation metrology and ... [more ▼]

The use of long-wave infrared (LWIR) CO2 lasers and microbolometer arrays in digital holographic and speckle interferometry shows interesting features for full-field displacement/deformation metrology and nondestructive testing. The first one is that the long wavelength yields the measurement of larger displacements together with decreasing the sensitivity to environmental perturbations. Therefore these interferometric methods can be applied more easily in industrial field applications. Another advantage was put forward in the European project FANTOM which is presented in this paper. In addition to specklegrams, the thermal background is captured simultaneously. Therefore in displacement metrology one can correlate uniquely the temperature and displacement information at the same time and in each pixel. We describe the successful achievements of the project. Thorough understanding of optics and speckle interferometry crossed with state-of-art in thermam imaging systems allowed to study this new hybrid technique in deep and tackle some specific constraints for reaching the best performances. As a result, a mobile instrument has been developed and validated on various industrial structural testing facilities and inspection areas. It has been used in thermomechanical measurements as well as in detection of defects in aeronautical composites. In particular we show that the two parts of the signal (the thermal part on one hand and the interferograms showing the deformation on the other hand) yield complementary information. A very interesting result is that it allows increasing the probability of detecting defects, for some of them are better seen in the thermal signal, whereas others appear only through local surface deformation. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerical simulation and Visualization of Material Flow in Friction Stir Welding via Particle Tracing
Dialami, Narges; Chiumenti, Michele; Cervera, Miguel et al

in Idelsohn, Sergio (Ed.) Numerical Simulations of Coupled Problems in Engineering (2014)

This work deals with the numerical simulation and material flow visualization of Friction Stir Welding (FSW) processes. The fourth order Runge- Kutta (RK4) integration method is used for the computation ... [more ▼]

This work deals with the numerical simulation and material flow visualization of Friction Stir Welding (FSW) processes. The fourth order Runge- Kutta (RK4) integration method is used for the computation of particle trajectories. The particle tracing method is used to study the effect of input process parameters and pin shapes on the weld quality. The results show that the proposed method is suitable for the optimization of the FSW process. [less ▲]

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See detailExpect the Unexpected: Avoiding Possible Pitfalls in National Arbitration Laws
Caprasse, Olivier ULg; Draye, M.

in Müller, C.; Rigozzi, A.; Besson, S. (Eds.) New Developments in International Commercial Arbitration 2014 (2014)

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See detailPostglacial pioneer settlement in the Lake Sarvinki area, eastern Finland
Pesonen, Petro; Hertell, Esa; Simponen, Laija et al

in Riede, Felix; Tallavaara, Miikka (Eds.) Lateglacial and postglacial pioneers in Northern Europe (2014)

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See detailContexte hydrogéologique de la commune de Sprimont
Gesels, Julie ULg; Gilson, Mylene; Brouyère, Serge ULg et al

in Gilles-Sépulchre, Yvette (Ed.) Sprimont, gravé dans la pierre (2014)

Cadre hydrogéologique de la commune de Sprimont : formations géologiques qui contiennent des ressources en eau intéressantes, variations de la profondeur d'eau dans les différentes nappes, volumes ... [more ▼]

Cadre hydrogéologique de la commune de Sprimont : formations géologiques qui contiennent des ressources en eau intéressantes, variations de la profondeur d'eau dans les différentes nappes, volumes exploités et chimisme des eaux souterraines. [less ▲]

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See detailFreud et Brentano
Gyemant, Maria ULg

in Terquem, Sarah (Ed.) Dictionnaire Sigmund Freud (2014)

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See detailDistinction
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in Glinoer, Anthony; Saint-Amand, Denis (Eds.) Lexique Socius (2014)

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See detailFreud et Binswanger
Gyemant, Maria ULg

in Terquem, Sarah (Ed.) Dictionnaire Sigmund Freud (2014)

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See detailD'Alexandrie à Constantinople : l'acquisition et la transmission du savoir en anatomie et en chirurgie, de la période hellénistique à la période byzantine
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Perdicoyanni-Paleologou, Helen (Ed.) History of anatomy and surgery from Antiquity to the Renaissance (2014)

This paper proposes to reconstruct the means of acquisition and transmission of anatomical and surgical knowledge in the period from the death of Alexander the Great (323 BC) to the reign of Constantine ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes to reconstruct the means of acquisition and transmission of anatomical and surgical knowledge in the period from the death of Alexander the Great (323 BC) to the reign of Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus (913-959), through the study of archaeological, epigraphic, papyrological and manuscript sources. These testimonies bring to view strategies such as observation, experimentation, analogy and imitation, as well as oral and written teaching, redaction and copy of books (illustrated or not), elaboration of commentaries, abridgments, questionnaires and word-lists. A distinction will be drawn between texts which were addressed to physicians and medical students, on the one hand, those which were destined to philiatroi and to an educated readership, and finally those which might interest copyists and eventually tachygraphists. [less ▲]

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See detailAffix
Münzberg, Franziska ULg

in Schierholz, Stefan J.; Dürscheid, Christa (Eds.) Grammatik - Formenlehre (2014)

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See detailL’échiquier des tricheurs : Le « making off » d’une recherche et d'un livre
Strivay, Lucienne ULg; Mougenot, Catherine ULg

in Despret, Vinciane; Larrère, Raphaël (Eds.) Les animaux: deux ou trois choses que nous savons d'eux (2014)

Comme l’indique son intitulé, le chapitre propose un retour réflexif et méthodologique sur quelques publications, notamment un livre publié aux éditions de La Découverte, à propos d’Oryctolagus cuniculus ... [more ▼]

Comme l’indique son intitulé, le chapitre propose un retour réflexif et méthodologique sur quelques publications, notamment un livre publié aux éditions de La Découverte, à propos d’Oryctolagus cuniculus, le lapin européen transporté aux quatre coins du monde. [less ▲]

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See detailCoordination of verbal dependents in Old French: Coordination as specified juxtaposition or specified apposition
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULg

in Gerdes, Kim; Hajičova, Eva; Wanner, Leo (Eds.) Dependency Linguistics: Recent advances in linguistic theory using dependency structures (2014)

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See detailAnatomie des récifs de marbre rouge frasniens belges
Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Toussaint, Jacques (Ed.) Les carrières de l'entité de Rochefort. Du marbre et des hommes (2014)

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See detailPower system transient stability preventive and emergency control
Ruiz-Vega, Daniel; Wehenkel, Louis ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg et al

in Savulescu, Savu (Ed.) Real-Time Stability in Power Systems 2nd Edition (2014)

A general approach to real-time transient stability control is described, yielding various complementary techniques: pure preventive, open loop emergency, and closed loop emergency controls. Recent ... [more ▼]

A general approach to real-time transient stability control is described, yielding various complementary techniques: pure preventive, open loop emergency, and closed loop emergency controls. Recent progress in terms of a global transient stability constrained optimal power flow are presented, yielding in a scalable nonlinear programming formulation which allows to take near-optimal decisions for preventive control with a computing budget corresponding only to a few runs of standard optimal power flow and time domain simulations. These complementary techniques meet the stringent conditions imposed by the real-life applications. [less ▲]

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See detailExplaining stakeholder involvement in social enterprise governance through resources and legitimacy
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg; Rijpens, Julie ULg

in Defourny, Jacques; Hulgard, Lars; Pestoff, Victor (Eds.) Social Enterprise and the Third Sector: Changing European Landscapes in a Comparative Perspective (2014)

In the continuity of stakeholder theory, much of the current literature on (corporate) governance and business ethics looks at how organizations involve their stakeholders at different decision-making ... [more ▼]

In the continuity of stakeholder theory, much of the current literature on (corporate) governance and business ethics looks at how organizations involve their stakeholders at different decision-making levels (Carroll 2004; Clarkson 1995; de Graaf & Herkströter 2007; Freeman & Reed 1983). According to Freeman (1984), stakeholders are ‘any group or individual who can affect or is affected by the achievement of an organization's purpose’ (148); typically: the owners, the managers, the workers, the volunteers, the financing bodies, the partners, the suppliers, the customers/beneficiaries, etc. A continuum of involvement can be highlighted, from the rather passive strategies (stakeholder information) to the more active ones (stakeholder representation). Among the latter, involvement or ‘cooptation’ of stakeholders in the governance structures such as the general assembly and the board of directors is increasingly presented as a strategy mirroring a long-term relationship between the organization and a particular stakeholder category (Mitchell et al. 1997). Traditionally, the owners are the category of stakeholders that is co-opted in the governance structures. Indeed, the power of decision is part of the property rights (Milgrom & Roberts 1992). It allows owners to ensure that the enterprise is run according to their own objectives. Thus, in for-profit enterprises, the investors are the owners and, as such, they have the right to decide. They exercise this right by their presence at the general assembly. But not all enterprises are investors-owned firms. In some enterprises, ownership is in the hand of other stakeholders, like in producer, consumer or worker cooperatives. Others, like nonprofit organizations, can even be seen as firms without owners (Hansmann 1996). This chapter raises the question of stakeholder involvement in social enterprises, which are ‘non-investor owned’ and can broadly be defined here as organizations pursuing social aims through their economic activity (Defourny 2001; Defourny & Nyssens 2006). In these organizations, the configuration of stakeholder involvement contrasts with that of for-profit businesses in at least two ways. First, social enterprises are more likely than other types of organizations to be set up through a process of collective entrepreneurship which often involves a diversity of actors who each have a ‘stake’ in the pursuit of one or several organizational missions (Defourny & Nyssens 2006; Haugh 2007; Petrella 2003). Second, social enterprises seem to have a stronger tendency to give a voice to the actors with whom they interact –i.e., to involve their beneficiaries, supporters, funders or partners within their governance structures (Campi et al. 2006; Huybrechts 2010; Münkner 2004; Rijpens 2010). They usually use legal forms that allow and encourage economic democracy by recognizing stakeholders other than investors the right to participate formally in the governance bodies. While, as suggested by Campi et al. (2006; 2012), the presence of multiple stakeholders observed in a number of social enterprises may be linked with the diverse goals pursued by these organizations, such presence –or absence– may be due to many factors which have no direct links with organizational goals. As suggested in this chapter, the organizational need for resources (in a broad sense) and the drive to conform to external expectations may be two key factors. In any case, the diversified patterns of stakeholder involvement in social enterprises confirm the need for a more comprehensive account of stakeholder involvement in these organizations. Although several attempts have been made to theorize stakeholder involvement in social enterprise governance, it is still a much under-researched topic. We believe that this research gap is due not only to the infancy stage in which social enterprise research is located, but also to a lack of connection and integration of this research within the broader study of organizations. Indeed, while new theoretical developments centered on the specific features of social enterprise are needed, these developments cannot be made independently from the knowledge built for more than a century regarding how organizations are structured and operate. This chapter aims to examine stakeholder involvement in social enterprise governance using two types of theoretical lenses each embodying a rich research tradition in organization theory. The first lens refers to strategy and examines organizations (in this case governance structures) in terms of their dependency on a set of resources. The second lens uses legitimacy arguments to explain organizational governance as a social construct located in a broader setting of social relationships. The first two sections will present each of these views and examine their contributions to understanding stakeholder involvement in the governance structures of social enterprises. Then, a comparative case study on work integration social enterprises will serve to illustrate how both research avenues can be combined so as to better grasp social enterprise governance as a complex and multi-dimensional practice. [less ▲]

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See detailZirkumfix
Münzberg, Franziska ULg

in Schierholz, Stefan J.; Dürscheid, Christa (Eds.) Grammatik - Formenlehre (2014)

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See detailIl y a d’autres voies pour obtenir des produits animaux
Bindelle, Jérôme ULg; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg

in Ellies, Marie-Pierre (Ed.) Les filières animales françaises (2014)

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See detailLower airway function: response to exercise and training
Art, Tatiana ULg; Bayly, Warwick

in Hinchcliff, Kenneth W.; Kaneps, Andris J.; Geor, Raymont J. (Eds.) Equine Sports Medicine and Surgery. Basic and clinical Sciences of the Equine Athlete. 2d Edition (2014)

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See detailChapter 7: Thiamine
Bettendorff, Lucien ULg

in Zemplini, Janos; Suttie, John W.; Gregory, Jesse F. (Eds.) et al Handbook of Vitamins, 5th Edition (2014)

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See detailLiège à la veille de 1914: entre France et Allemagne...
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

in Maréchal, Christine; Schloss, Claudine (Eds.) 1914-1918: vivre la guerre à Liège et en Wallonie (2014)

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See detailCrowdsourced Monitoring, Citizen Empowerment and Data Credibility: The case of Observations.be
Farah, Jihad ULg

in Murgante, Beniamino; Sanjay, Misra; Rocha, Anna Maria (Eds.) et al Computational Science and its applications - ICCSA 2014 (2014)

Crowdsourcing is today a revolutionary phenomenon changing pro- foundly our ways of communicating and producing. This article is interested in two issues that are crucial to its development and impacts ... [more ▼]

Crowdsourcing is today a revolutionary phenomenon changing pro- foundly our ways of communicating and producing. This article is interested in two issues that are crucial to its development and impacts. On one hand, it in- vestigates the forms and limits of crowdsourcing-related citizen empowerment. It is less concerned by the now recognized fact that crowdsourcing is empower- ing, but rather focuses on the ways it does so and the architecture of the rela- tions between citizens, scientists and institutions in this new context. On the other, it discusses the question of credibility of data produced through crowd- sourcing. This question represents, in fact, the Achilles’ heel that destabilizes the rise of citizen power in the face of experts and institutions. In its discussion of these two issues, the article relies on a particularly interesting case study: the online platform of participatory monitoring of biodiversity in Belgium Observa- tions.be. The creation of databases is an occasion here for reflexivity, learning and mobilisation. It is also an occasion for the liberation of the lay citizen, as an individual, from the straightjackets delimiting the institutional, scientific and associative spaces where he remains a subject, a collaborator or a member – al- ways in a subordinate position. He becomes a peer producer, partner and discussant. More important, learning and action networks that develop in the platform cut transversally through the three spheres. We find unexpected and new cooperations between citizen, scientists and civil servants. Likewise, ac- tions developed through the platform, mainly reporting, counting campaigns and early alert systems attest new modes of action that transgress the functional and ontological division of the three spheres. [less ▲]

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See detailPositron emission tomography imaging in altered states of consciousness: Coma, sleep and hypnosis
Thibaut, Aurore ULg; Chatelle, Camille ULg; Stender, Johan et al

in Dierckx, Rudi; Otte, Andreas; Vries, Erik (Eds.) et al PET and SPECT in Neurology (2014)

Positron emission tomography (PET) allows studies of cerebral metabolism and blood flow and has been widely used to investigate physiological mechanisms underlying altered states of consciousness. The aim ... [more ▼]

Positron emission tomography (PET) allows studies of cerebral metabolism and blood flow and has been widely used to investigate physiological mechanisms underlying altered states of consciousness. The aim of this chapter is to review the current literature on brain metabolism during physiological or pathological loss of consciousness including studies on disorders of consciousness arising from severe brain injury (vegetative/unresponsive or minimally conscious states), and related non-pathological conditions such as sleep and hypnotic states. Identifying brain areas specifically involved in conscious processing, these studies have contributed to our understanding of the underlying physiology of consciousness. The precuneal and cingulate cortices, for example, seem to be key areas for maintaining consciousness awareness. Other areas such as hypothalamus, amygdala or the temporo-occipital cortex seem to play a role in different states of unconsciousness such as rapid eye movement sleep and hypnosis. PET studies permit a better comprehension of the loss of consciousness, and focus the implication of specific neural areas and networks in pathologically (vegetative/unresponsive or minimally conscious states), physiologically (sleep), and hypnotically altered states of consciousness. [less ▲]

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See detailAvant-propos
Thirion, Nicolas ULg; Balate, Eric

in Thirion, Nicolas (Ed.) Crise et droit économique (2014)

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See detailLes opérations militaires
Pirot, Pascal ULg

in Créer avant de mourir. Des oeuvres d'art dans les tranchées, 1914-1918. (2014)

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See detailDes haches néolithiques à l'époque romaine
Thiebaux, Aurélie ULg; Jadin, Ivan; Goemaere, Eric

in Demelenne, Marie; Docquier, Gilles (Eds.) Trésor ?/ Trésor ! Archéologie au coeur de l'Europe (2014)

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See detailAbleitungsaffix
Münzberg, Franziska ULg

in Schierholz, Stefan J.; Dürscheid, Christa (Eds.) Grammatik - Formenlehre (2014)

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See detailPlatonisme et néoplatonisme antique
Gavray, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Touati, Houari (Ed.) Encyclopédie de l'humanisme méditerranéen (2014)

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See detailPierres à aiguiser
Thiebaux, Aurélie ULg

in Cattelain, Laureline; Cattelain, Pierre; Nicolas, Noémie (Eds.) Vestiges gallo-romains du sud de l'Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse (2014)

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See detailInnovAddict: une entreprise « malade » de la créativité
Crutzen, Nathalie ULg; Moreau, Charlotte ULg; Pichault, François ULg

in Chabault, Didier; Hulin, Annabelle; Soparnot, Richard (Eds.) Cas d'innovations en entreprise - Organisation et stratégie (2014)

Etude de cas montrant le management des tensions dans une entreprise créative

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See detailVerrat am 'Original'? Fälschung, Kopie und Auslöschung in Anthony Minghellas Film "The Talented Mr. Ripley"
Küpper, Achim ULg

in Brittnacher, Hans Richard (Ed.) Der Verräter (2014)

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See detailLa mise en liberté avant jugement dans la pratique de la Cour pénale internationale : une rupture avec l’héritage des tribunaux ad hoc ?
Deprez, Christophe ULg

in Bernard, Diane; Scalia, Damien (Eds.) Vingt ans de justice internationale pénale (2014)

La libération du suspect ou de l’accusé en attente d’être jugé représente l’un des défis majeurs de la justice pénale internationale. L’expérience des tribunaux pénaux internationaux pour l’ex-Yougoslavie ... [more ▼]

La libération du suspect ou de l’accusé en attente d’être jugé représente l’un des défis majeurs de la justice pénale internationale. L’expérience des tribunaux pénaux internationaux pour l’ex-Yougoslavie et pour le Rwanda a fait et fait encore en la matière l’objet de vives critiques. Malgré plusieurs ajustements de leur Règlement de procédure respectif, le régime de libération au cours de la procédure n’aura jamais été convaincant et – à la lumière des droits fondamentaux de la personne mise en cause – demeure à ce jour l’une des principales faiblesses du cadre procédural de ces juridictions. En apparence, la Cour pénale internationale semble à cet égard proposer une meilleure solution. La possibilité de libérer un suspect/accusé n’est plus abandonnée au seul Règlement de procédure et de preuve, mais est soutenue par le Statut de la Cour en son article 60. Le libellé de ce dernier reflète du reste la prise en considération soigneuse des insuffisances propres aux tribunaux ad hoc, et paraît témoigner d’une nette évolution quant au niveau de protection des droits individuels pertinents. Pour autant, la qualité du système ne peut se déduire de la simple lecture du Statut. Aussi, la présente contribution propose d’examiner le régime de mise en liberté avant-jugement à travers une analyse de la pratique concrète de la Cour dans le cadre des quatre affaires qui, à ce stade, présentent les développements les plus pertinents en la matière : Lubanga, Katanga & Ngudjolo, Bemba et Gbagbo. Pour ce faire, la contribution se décline en trois sections. La première est l’occasion de retracer l’expérience des tribunaux ad hoc et d’en isoler deux faiblesses essentielles : le pouvoir discrétionnaire accordé aux juges quant à l’octroi d’une mesure de mise en liberté, et l’attribution à la défense de la charge de prouver qu’une telle mesure se justifie. La deuxième section fait succinctement le point sur le régime de libération avant-jugement devant la Cour pénale internationale, en regard des textes fondateurs de la juridiction, mais surtout à l’aune des développements jurisprudentiels essentiels issus des quatre affaires susmentionnées. Enfin, dans la troisième section, l’article revient sur les deux faiblesses isolées au sein de la pratique des tribunaux ad hoc, et tente d’en déterminer la portée dans le contexte de la Cour pénale internationale. Il y est avancé que – en dépit des mutations textuelles – la pratique de la Cour ne révèle pas d’évolution notable par rapport à l’héritage des tribunaux pénaux internationaux. Dans les faits, l’application concrète du texte réduit à de simples fictions les principes – pourtant posés par la lettre du Statut – d’absence de pouvoir discrétionnaire dans le chef des juges et d’attribution de l’onus probandi à l’accusation. [less ▲]

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See detailRenewal of Walloon suburban neighbourhoods and perspectives for a research project on “suburban densification”.
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

in Single Family Housing Estates of the Post - War Era – a European Comparison of Opportunities and Risks. (2014)

This paper addresses the challenges and conditions of a sustainability transition of suburban areas in Wallonia (Belgium), articulated around energy efficiency in the building and in the transportation ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the challenges and conditions of a sustainability transition of suburban areas in Wallonia (Belgium), articulated around energy efficiency in the building and in the transportation sectors. Three scenarios focused on the evolution of the existing building stock are modelled and assessed (the insulation of buildings, an increase in the built density and demolition / reconstruction). Our main findings show that, beyond the traditional polarization of the debates on energy efficiency of our built environment between the “compact city” and the “sprawled city”, a new pragmatic paradigm, focused on the transition of suburban areas by “densification”, can make suburban areas evolve towards more sustainability. However, these main results focused on energy efficiency need to be studied in a larger framework to concretely operationalize a suburban sustainability transition. In this perspective, concrete prospects for a further research project on “suburban densification” are proposed. There address the opportunities for transnational cooperation as well as the proposition of potential research activities. [less ▲]

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See detailPichia anomala and Candida oleophila in Biocontrol of Postharvest Diseases of Fruits: 20 Years of Fundamental and Practical Research
Massart, Sébastien ULg; Jijakli, Haissam ULg

in Prusky, D.; Gullino, ML. (Eds.) Plant Pathology in the 21st Century: Contributions to the 10th International Congress of Plant Pathology (2014)

The economic losses caused by post-harvest pathogens of apple and pear can still reach 25 %. There is currently an increasing demand to develop sustainable methods to control these post-harvest pathogens ... [more ▼]

The economic losses caused by post-harvest pathogens of apple and pear can still reach 25 %. There is currently an increasing demand to develop sustainable methods to control these post-harvest pathogens. Biocontrol agents are interesting candidates to answer this demand. Nevertheless, their commercial development is sometimes hampered by a low or non-reliable efficacy comparing to fungicide treatments. Fundamental research on the mode of action of the BCA and of its ecological fitness could help to overcome that phenomenon. This chapter reviews the progresses made during two decades to understand the mode of action and the ecological niche of two BCA, Pichia anomala strain K and Candida oleophila strain O. These advances required the combination of various methodologies (in vitro and in situ) and techniques (microbiology, microscopy, genome characterization, transcriptome, proteome, gene disruption. . .) which are summarized here. Importantly, the practical impact of these discoveries to improve the efficacy of the biopesticide is also highlighted. [less ▲]

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See detailHombre de letras, escritor, autor: declinación social de una función simbólica
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Zapata, Juan (Ed.) La invención del autor. Nuevas aproximaciones al estudio sociológico y discursivo de la figura autorial (2014)

EL LIBRO El presente volumen pretende introducir en el ámbito hispanoamericano las nuevas aproximaciones teóricas y las diferentes apuestas metodológicas surgidas durante las dos últimas décadas para ... [more ▼]

EL LIBRO El presente volumen pretende introducir en el ámbito hispanoamericano las nuevas aproximaciones teóricas y las diferentes apuestas metodológicas surgidas durante las dos últimas décadas para abordar el estudio de la figura del autor y el problema de la autorialidad. Desde el desafío lanzado por Michel Foucault en su ensayo "¿Qué es un autor?", y que encabeza esta compilación, se han producido distintas respuestas y elaboraciones por parte de un grupo de investigadores que provienen de coordenadas geográficas tan diversas como Francia, Bélgica, Suiza, Canadá e Israel. Estos son los escritores que integran en su mayor parte esta compilación, con temas como la historia de la figura autorial, la imagen y la postura de autor, y el dilema y los mitos del autor moderno; además, el texto ofrece aplicaciones concretas, tanto desde una perspectiva europea (mediante el estudio de autores como Arthur Rimbaud, Gide, Pierre Michon y Jean Rouaud) como desde una colombiana (con análisis sobre José Asunción Silva, Jorge Gaitán Durán, Fernando Vallejo y Efraim Medina Reyes). La invención del autor permite conocer los desarrollos más actuales y destacados en la materia, y abre numerosos ejes de investigación en una temática especialmente importante y sensible en la actualidad, pero sobre la cual se ha publicado muy poco en nuestro medio; de ahí la importancia de esta antología para el debate académico. [less ▲]

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See detailLes esclaves malfaiteurs dans l'Egypte romaine
Straus, Jean ULg

in Tallet, Gaëlle; Zivie-Coche, Christiane (Eds.) Le Myrte et la Rose. Mélanges offerts à Françoise Dunand par ses élèves, collègues et amis (2014)

Crimes commited by slaves in Roman Egypt

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