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See detailDes pèlerins latins en Terre Sainte. Rencontre de langues et de cultures
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Byzantion : Revue Internationale des Etudes Byzantines (1996), 66

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See detailDissociation of increases in plasma insulin-like growth factor I and testosterone during the onset of puberty in bulls
Renaville, Robert ULg; Massart, Serge; Sneyers, M. et al

in Journal of Reproduction and Fertility (1996), 106(1), 79-86

The present study was conducted to examine the relationship between plasma concentrations of testosterone, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) during puberty, in male ... [more ▼]

The present study was conducted to examine the relationship between plasma concentrations of testosterone, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) during puberty, in male calves treated with GnRH or testosterone propionate. Twelve male Holstein calves (10 weeks old) were assigned to the control group (n = 6), the GnRH-treated group (n = 3) or the testosterone-treated group (n = 3). For 8 weeks, the GnRH-treated group received a single i.v. injection of GnRH (0.5 mu g kg(-1) body mass) each day while the testosterone-treated group received an i.m. injection of testosterone propionate (0.5 mg kg(-1) body mass) twice a day. The calves were studied until they were 200 days old. Hormone treatments were stopped one month after puberty was reached in the control group. Blood samples were collected every 30 min for 8 h every third day. Hormone concentrations were determined by radioimmunoassay. Western ligand blotting and immunoblotting, using monoclonal antibodies against IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3, were used to characterize the IGF-binding proteins. In the control group, puberty occurred at about 120 days of age and was associated with an increase in concentrations of testosterone, IGF-I and IGFBP-3 and a decrease in concentration of IGFBP-2. In the GnRH-treated group, plasma testosterone remained low until 8 weeks after establishment of puberty in the control group (4 weeks after the end of treatment). In the testosterone-treated group, testosterone was high during the treatment period and then decreased to prepubertal values when treatment was stopped. Testosterone values increased again to reach postpubertal values 5 weeks after the end of hormone treatment. Nevertheless, independent of testosterone status, the profile of IGF-I and the IGFBPs in the GnRH- and testosterone-treated groups were parallel to that reported for the control group with the transition from prepubertal to adult values at about 120 days of age. In conclusion, concentrations of testosterone, IGF-I and IGFBP-3 increase together, but probably independently, during the onset of puberty in male calves. [less ▲]

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See detailMolecular Evidence That The Whitefly-Transmitted Sweetpotato Mild Mottle Virus Belongs To A Distinct Genus Of The Potyviridae
Colinet, Dominique; Kummert, Jean; Lepoivre, Philippe ULg

in Archives of Virology (1996), 141(1), 125-135

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See detailModélisation en hydrogéologie - De modelisatie in de hydrogeologie
Dassargues, Alain ULg; Vander Velpen, B.; Vercruysse, J.

in BLUG Tijdschrift - Revue de l'UBLG (1996)

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See detailLe Calendrier et son Histoire
Biémont, Emile ULg

in Bulletin de la Classe des Sciences. Académie Royale de Belgique (1996), 6e série(VII), 15-71

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See detailBrain hypometabolism of glucose in anorexia nervosa: Normalization after weight gain
Delvenne, Véronique; Goldman, Serge; De Maertelaer, Viviane et al

in Biological Psychiatry (1996), 40(8), 761-768

Using positron emission tomography and (18-F)-fluorodeoxyglucose, we studied cerebral glucose metabolism in 10 anorectic girls within their underweight state and after weight gain. Ten age- and sex ... [more ▼]

Using positron emission tomography and (18-F)-fluorodeoxyglucose, we studied cerebral glucose metabolism in 10 anorectic girls within their underweight state and after weight gain. Ten age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers were used as controls. Both groups were scanned during rest, eyes closed and with low ambient noise. In absolute values, the underweight anorectic patients, when compared to control subjects, showed a global (p = 0.002) and regional (p ≤ 0.001) hypometabolism of glucose which normalized with weight gain. In relative values, no global difference could be assessed between underweight anorectic patients and controls but a trend can, nevertheless, be observed toward parietal and superior frontal cortex hypometabolism associated with a relative hypermetabolism in the caudate nuclei and in the inferior frontal cortex. After weight gain, all regions normalized for absolute and relative values, although a trend appears toward relative parietal hypometabolism and inferior frontal cortex hypermetabolism in weight gain anorectic patients. Absolute brain glucose hypometabolism might result from neuroendocrinological or morphological aspects of anorexia nervosa or might be the expression of altered neurotransmission following deficient nutritional state. As some differences exists in relative values in underweight patients and tend to persist in weight gain states, this could support a potential abnormal cerebral functioning, a different reaction to starvation within several regions of the brain or different restoration rates according to the region. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effects of dietary crude protein on growth of the Eurasian perch Perca fluviatilis
Fiogbe, E. D.; Kestemont, P.; Mélard, Charles ULg et al

in Aquaculture (1996)

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See detailModelling of multiphase flow in packed beds by computer-assisted x-ray tomography
Toye, Dominique ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg; Crine, Michel ULg et al

in Measurement Science & Technology (1996), 7(3), 436-443

The high resolution which can be obtained by computer-assisted x-ray tomography is used to investigate Various scale heterogeneities of the flow texture characterizing multiphase flow in packed beds. The ... [more ▼]

The high resolution which can be obtained by computer-assisted x-ray tomography is used to investigate Various scale heterogeneities of the flow texture characterizing multiphase flow in packed beds. The direct counting of 'irrigated' pixels allows the determination of the number of individual liquid rivulets as well as their size. The evolution of the liquid flow texture versus the liquid velocity agrees quite well with the predictions of a percolation-based model. This agreement is further confirmed by the comparison of the experimental hold-up values averaged over the column cross-section with the theoretical model. [less ▲]

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See detailIntestinal Digestibility Of Rumen Undegraded N Of Concentrates Measured By The Mobile Nylon Bag Technique
Beckers, Yves ULg; Thewis, André ULg; Maudoux, Benoît

in Animal Feed Science & Technology (1996), 61(1-4), 305-323

Two experiments were carried out on sheep to measure the effects of some factors of the mobile nylon bag (MNB) technique on the intestinal digestibility (DgI) of rumen undegraded N of meat and bone meal ... [more ▼]

Two experiments were carried out on sheep to measure the effects of some factors of the mobile nylon bag (MNB) technique on the intestinal digestibility (DgI) of rumen undegraded N of meat and bone meal (MBM), soybean meal (SBM) and wheat bran (WB). The pore size of the nylon cloth (IO and 42.5 pm) influenced (P < 0.05) DgI of SBM and MBM N irrespective of the site of recovery of the bags (ileum and faeces) and the incubation time of concentrate feeds in the rumen (0, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 24 h). The faecal recovery of the bags increased (P < 0.05) DgI of SBM N in comparison with ileal recovery. The opposite was found with WB incubated 4, 8, 16 and 24 h in the rumen. DgI of MBM N was not influenced by site of bag recovery (P > 0.05). Increasing incubation times in the rumen decreased (P < 0.05) DgI of undegraded feed N. The total tract digestibility (rumen plus intestines) was independent of incubation time in the rumen for MBM and SBM, excepted for SBM incubated 4 or 8 h in the rumen when bags were collected in the ileum. Previous ruminal incubation of WB for 4, 8, 16 and 24 h increased (P < 0.05) the amount of N digested in the total tract in comparison with unincubated WB and WB incubated for only 2 h. In the second experiment, residues obtained from the incubation of the feeds in the rumen (0, 2, 4, 8, 16, 24 and 48 h) were mixed in different proportions in order to obtain the true fraction of the undegraded feed in the rumen. This method was based on the DM degradability of the concentrate feeds and the outflow rate constant of feeds from the rumen, supposed equal to 6%h-‘. Bags containing feeds mixed according to this method were incubated in a solution of pepsin-HCl for 0, 1, 2 and 3 h to simulate abomasal digestion and the DgI of N was measured afterwards with the MNB technique. Increasing action of pepsin led to higher digestibilities of N at this stage (P < 0.05) but decreased the digestibility of N in the intestines excepted for MBM incubated in pepsin-HCl for 3 h and in any case for SBM. However, the omission of the incubation in pepsin had little influence on the amount of N postruminally digested. [less ▲]

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See detailOccurrence and impact of Heteropolaria (Protozoa: Ciliophora), on intensively cultured perch Perca fluviatilis
Grignard, J. C.; Mélard, Charles ULg; Baras, E. et al

in Annales Zoologici Fennici (1996), 33

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See detailFidi interpretes. La traduction orale à Rome
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Ancient Society (1996), 27

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See detailChemical Composition Of Pea Fibre Isolates And Their Effect On The Endogenous Amino Acid Flow At The Ileum Of The Pig
Leterme, Pascal; Thewis, André ULg; Van leeuwen, Piet et al

in Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture (1996), 72(1), 127-134

Pea starch, hulls and cotyledon inner fibres, isolated from pea seeds, were incorporated in N-free diets, on a NDF-content basis, in order to study their effect on the ileal endogenous amino acid (AA ... [more ▼]

Pea starch, hulls and cotyledon inner fibres, isolated from pea seeds, were incorporated in N-free diets, on a NDF-content basis, in order to study their effect on the ileal endogenous amino acid (AA) excretion in the growing pig. Maize starch and wood cellulose were selected as references. The inner fibrecontaining diet was also supplemented with enzymatically hydrolysed casein (EHC) in order to test the peptide alimentation method on a diet containing a fibre source with a high water-holding capacity (WHC = 10.9 g water g-' DM). The fibres were also analysed by different methods (crude fibre, NDF, ADF, enzymatic-gravimetric method, Englyst method). The fibre content of the inner fibre fraction varied widely from one method to another and ranged from 109 g crude fibre to 480 g AOAC fibre kg-' DM. Compared to the 'maize starch + wood cellulose' diet (11.0 g AA excreted kg-' DM intake), pea starch had no effect on ileal AA losses (9.6 g), whereas pea hulls slightly increased them (14.2 g). The AA excretion dramatically increased with the incorporation of inner fibres (28.0 g), because of their very high WHC. The addition of EHC increased the output (48.0 g) further, at a level that can hardly be explained only by an increase of the endogenous secretions. The results suggest that the NDF content of grain legume products is not indicative of their effect on the ileal endogenous AA losses in pigs and that the physiological effects of fibres along the gastrointestinal tract are due to both their chemical and physical properties. [less ▲]

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See detailRegulation of dendritic cell numbers and maturation by lipopolysaccharide in vivo.
De Smedt, T.; Pajak, B.; Muraille, E. et al

in Journal of Experimental Medicine (1996), 184(4), 1413-24

Dendritic cells (DC) are described as "nature's adjuvant," since they have the capacity to sensitize T cells in vivo upon first encounter with the antigen. The potent accessory properties of DC appear to ... [more ▼]

Dendritic cells (DC) are described as "nature's adjuvant," since they have the capacity to sensitize T cells in vivo upon first encounter with the antigen. The potent accessory properties of DC appear to develop sequentially. In particular, the ability to process antigens and to sensitize native T cells develops in sequence, a process termed "maturation" that is well described in vitro. Here, we obtain evidence for maturation in vivo in response to the bacterial product lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Before LPS treatment, many DC are found at the margin between the red and white pulp. These cells lack the M342 and DEC-205 markers, but process soluble proteins effectively. 6 h after LPS, DC with the M342 and DEC-205 markers are found in increased numbers in the T cell areas. These cells have a reduced capacity to process proteins, but show increases in the B7 costimulator and T cell stimulatory capacity. 48 h after LPS, the number of DC in the spleen is reduced markedly. We interpret these findings to mean that LPS can cause DC in the marginal zone to mature and to migrate into and then out of the T cell areas. [less ▲]

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See detailL'échec, un problème de culture pédagogique
Crahay, Marcel ULg

in Journal of Education (1996), Octobre

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See detailPit-1 polymorphism and milk production parameters in Italian Holstein-Friesian bulls.
Renaville, Robert ULg; Vrech, E.; Gengler, Nicolas ULg et al

in Journal of Animal Science (1996), 74(1), 111

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See detailThe frequency of cutaneous vasculitis is not increased in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with methotrexate
Kaye, O.; Beckers, C. C.; Paquet, P. et al

in Journal of Rheumatology (1996), 23(2), 253-257

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the frequency, type, and immunohistological features of clinical cutaneous vasculitis developing in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated or not with methotrexate as well ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the frequency, type, and immunohistological features of clinical cutaneous vasculitis developing in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated or not with methotrexate as well as their demographic, clinical and biological characteristics. METHODS: Ninety-one patients with RA receiving 9.5 mg/wk of methotrexate (MTX) were compared for an average observation time of 18 months to 130 matched patients with RA treated with various drugs excluding MTX. RESULTS: Whether receiving MTX or not, 5.4% of patients with RA developed a clinical cutaneous vasculitis. There were significant differences between both groups for 2 variables only: a higher percentage of polyneuropathies and a higher level of immune complex-plasma levels in non-MTX patients. The immunohistological analysis did not differentiate both groups. CONCLUSION: The percentage of cutaneous vasculitis that developed under MTX therapy was not different from that occurring as a natural complication of longstanding severe RA. [less ▲]

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See detailDe wildste bloei van overgave en genade. Over Gezelle en Van Ostaijen
Spinoy, Erik ULg

in Gezelliana (1996), 8(1), 1-42

This article reflects on the importance of the 19th century romantic poet Guido Gezelle for the expressionist Paul van Ostaijen, who repeatedly stressed the pioneering character of this poetic oeuvre and ... [more ▼]

This article reflects on the importance of the 19th century romantic poet Guido Gezelle for the expressionist Paul van Ostaijen, who repeatedly stressed the pioneering character of this poetic oeuvre and the influence it had on his own work. [less ▲]

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See detailOpportunities for using two low-cost methods for treatment of metal bearing aqueous streams
Gaydardzhiev, Stoyan ULg; Hadjihristova, M.; Tichy, R.

in Minerals Engineering (1996), 9

The feasibility of two non-traditional approaches - reedbeds as a natural wetland and adsorption on lignite and its maceral fractions - for their application in metal bearing effluent treatment is ... [more ▼]

The feasibility of two non-traditional approaches - reedbeds as a natural wetland and adsorption on lignite and its maceral fractions - for their application in metal bearing effluent treatment is discussed. The main mechanisms of metals uptake are otulined. The preliminary results from a pilot scale wetland operation for metallurgical effluents purification are analysed. For the second approach - the different maceral fractions derived from coal refining have shown different metal uptake apptitude. Zeta potential studies and adsorption isotherms have explained these findings. [less ▲]

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See detailDe modernist en de massacultuur: Van Ostaijens ‘Huldegedicht aan Singer’
Spinoy, Erik ULg

in Filosofie Magazine (1996), 5(3), 29

This article re-reads the famous poem 'Huldegedicht aan Singer' in view of Van Ostaijen's increasingly critical attitude towards the emerging consumer society of the 1920s.

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See detailLes infections utérines dans l’espèce bovine : 2. Thérapeutiques anti-infectieuses et hormonales
Hanzen, Christian ULg; Houtain, J. Y.; Laurent, Y.

in Point Vétérinaire (1996), 28(numéro spécial), 1019-1025

The choice of an antibiotic or antiseptic treatment must take into account, the administrative route, the individual factors (nature of symptoms, stage postpartum, stage in the cycle) and the agents used ... [more ▼]

The choice of an antibiotic or antiseptic treatment must take into account, the administrative route, the individual factors (nature of symptoms, stage postpartum, stage in the cycle) and the agents used (nature of germs, minimal inhibiting concentration, pharmacological properties, milk residue). Hormonal treatment is an interesting alternative, which must be considered on an individual basis rather than systematically at herd level. For prevention, it should only be used on animals presenting a high risk factor of infection [less ▲]

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See detailRNA editing of larch mitochondrial tRNA(His) precursors is a prerequisite for processing
MarechalDrouard, L.; Kumar, R.; Remacle, Claire ULg et al

in Nucleic Acids Research (1996), 24(16), 3229-3234

Larch mitochondria contain a 'native' tRNA(His) which is absent from angiosperms, Sequence comparisons of genomic DNA and cDNA obtained from unprocessed primary transcripts of the larch mitochondrial gene ... [more ▼]

Larch mitochondria contain a 'native' tRNA(His) which is absent from angiosperms, Sequence comparisons of genomic DNA and cDNA obtained from unprocessed primary transcripts of the larch mitochondrial gene trnH encoding this tRNA revealed three nucleotide discrepancies. These three nucleotide alterations, in the acceptor stem, D stem and anticodon stem respectively, are conversions of genomic cytidines to thymidines in the cDNA (uridines in the tRNA) and thus resemble the RNA editing events observed in nearly all plant mitochondrial mRNAs. Two cases of editing affecting mitochondrial tRNAs from angiosperms have already been described, but we present here the first example of such events in a gymnosperm mitochondrial tRNA. All three editing events correct mismatched C . A base pairs which appear when folding the gene sequence into the standard cloverleaf structure, thereby improving the secondary structure of the tRNA. When incubated with a heterologous potato mitochondrial processing extract, only the edited form of the larch mitochondrial tRNA(His) precursor was efficiently processed in vitro. These data strongly suggest that editing of larch mitochondrial tRNA(His) is a prerequisite for its processing. [less ▲]

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See detailLes diurétiques dans l'hypertension artérielle: association spironolactone/altizide et IEC
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Actualité Thérapeutique Internationale (1996), (175), 8

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See detailTussen moderniteit en reactionair katholicisme. Joris van Severen en het eerste nummer van Ter Waarheid
Spinoy, Erik ULg

in Dietsche Warande en Belfort (1996), 140(6), 700-714

This article takes a closer look at the literary, artistic and ideological programme of the first issue of Ther Waarheid, the journal published by Joris van Severen, who would go on to become one of the ... [more ▼]

This article takes a closer look at the literary, artistic and ideological programme of the first issue of Ther Waarheid, the journal published by Joris van Severen, who would go on to become one of the leaders of Flemish fascism in the 1930s. [less ▲]

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See detailHistorical seismicity of the Strait of Dover–Pas de Calais
Melville, Charles; Levret, Agnès; Alexandre, Pierre ULg et al

in Terra Nova (1996), 8

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See detailDesign and modeling of new platelet-activating factor antagonists.2. Synthesis and biological activity of 1,4-bis-(3',4',5'-trimethoxybenzoyl)-2-alkyl and 2-alkoxymethylpiperazines
Tavet, Fabrice; Lamouri, Aazdine; Heymans, Françoise et al

in Journal of Lipid Mediators and Cell Signalling (1996), 15

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See detailUsefulness of fluoxetine in obese non-insulin-dependent diabetics: a multicenter study.
Daubresse, Jean-Claude; Kolanowski, J.; Krzentowski, G. et al

in Obesity Research (1996), 4(4), 391-6

Weight reduction is essential in the management of most non-insulin-dependent diabetics, but this therapeutical goal is difficult to obtain. In this double-blind parallel study, 82 non-insulin-dependent ... [more ▼]

Weight reduction is essential in the management of most non-insulin-dependent diabetics, but this therapeutical goal is difficult to obtain. In this double-blind parallel study, 82 non-insulin-dependent diabetics, moderately obese (BMI = 30 - 39 kg/m2), were given for an 8-week period either placebo (P) or fluoxetine (F), a specific serotonin reuptake inhibitor, in addition to their usual antidiabetic treatment. Thirty-nine of them received 60 mg fluoxetine a day and 43 were given the placebo. At admission, both groups had similar weight excess, metabolic control and serum lipid values. In comparison with the P-treated subjects, those treated with fluoxetine (F) lost more weight after 3 weeks (-1.9 vs. -0.7 kg, p < -0.0009) and after 8 weeks (-3.1 vs. -0.9 kg, p < 0.0007). Fasting blood glucose decreased in group F after 3 weeks (-1.5 vs -0.4 mmol/L, p < 0.003) and after 8 weeks (-1.7 vs. -0.02 mmol/L, p < 0.0004). HbAlc decreased from 8.5% to 7.7% in group F and from 8.6% to 8.3% in group P (p = 0.057). Mean triglyceride level was also reduced in group F after 8 weeks (p = 0.042). Fasting C-peptide did not change in either group, but fasting insulin values decreased in group F after 3 weeks (p < 0.02) and after 8 weeks (p < 0.05). The insulin/C-peptide molar ratio decreased significantly in group F after 3 weeks (p < 0.04) and after 8 weeks (p < 0.05) in comparison with group P. The drug was generally well tolerated and no major side effects were reported. In conclusion, the addition of fluoxetine to the usual oral hypoglycemic agent therapy might be beneficial in obese non-insulin-dependent diabetics, at least on a short-term basis. [less ▲]

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See detailThe relation of ventilatory failure to pulmonary, respiratory muscle and central nervous system disturbances in calves with an experimentally produced pneumonia
Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Linden, Annick ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Journal of Comparative Pathology (1996), 115(3), 203-219

To explore the pathophysiology of respiratory failure in an experimental pneumonia, a Pasteurella haemolytica broth culture was injected intratracheally into 12 calves, which were then studied over a ... [more ▼]

To explore the pathophysiology of respiratory failure in an experimental pneumonia, a Pasteurella haemolytica broth culture was injected intratracheally into 12 calves, which were then studied over a period of 10 h. Measurements were made of inspired minute ventilation VE), ventilatory pattern [inspiratory time (TI), expiratory time (TE), respiratory rate (RR) and tidal volume (VT)], transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi), occlusion pressure at the airway opening 100 milliseconds after onset of inspiration (Pawo100ms), arterial blood gas tensions and pH and recorded diaphragmatic electromyogram (EMGdi) and rectal temperature (Tr). On and after the third hour after inoculation, the animals varied in respect of clinical signs, Tr, RR, VE, Pawo100ms/EMGdi, and arterial gases and pH. In benign cases, diminished alertness, laboured respiration and fall of arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2) worsened up to 7 h after inoculation, but then progressively improved, VE being maintained at approximately 150% baseline throughout the study (10 h). Neither arterial carbon dioxide pressure (PaCO2) nor pH was altered. Moderate cases resembled benign cases in respect of laboured respiration, VE, PaO2 and PaCO2; however, pH was at first maintained at preinoculation levels, but declined thereafter. In severe cases, the animals were drowsy between hours 3 and 7, and became comatose between hours 8 and 10; in contrast to both benign and moderate cases: (1) RR was reduced by hour 5, (2) there was no trend towards recovery of PaO2 and pH, (3) VE, Pdi, Pawo100ms and Pawo100ms/EMGdi were severely decreased, and (4) PaCO2 increased. These results suggest that pneumonia does not alter ventilatory neuromuscular pump function in calves, unless concomitant cardiovascular collapse occurs. It is not clear whether fatal ventilatory failure is caused mainly by deterioration in ventilatory muscle fibre processes or structures, altered central nervous system adjustment of ventilatory timing, or cardiovascular dysfunction. However, inspiratory pressures fall when excitation to the diaphragm is still growing, which suggests peripheral respiratory muscle fatigue. [less ▲]

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See detailUna Cabeza Bien Hecha O Una Cabeza Repleta ?
Crahay, Marcel ULg

in Perspectivas (1996), XXVI(1),

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See detailDesign and modeling of new platelet-activating factor antagonists.3. Relative importance of hydrophobicity and electronic distribution in piperazinic series
Heymans, Françoise; Dive, Georges ULg; Lamouri, Aazdine et al

in Journal of Lipid Mediators and Cell Signalling (1996), 15(2), 161-173

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See detailOdours identification in the environment by means of mathematical methods
Maternova, Jidrinska; Nicolas, Jacques ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg et al

in Odours & VOC's journal (1996), 1

The aim of the present paper is to test and compare some mathematical discrimination or pattern recognition methods in order to identify one among three air pollution sources.The basic material in this ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present paper is to test and compare some mathematical discrimination or pattern recognition methods in order to identify one among three air pollution sources.The basic material in this work are : - the standard gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis with concentrations values for different chemical compounds observed at about hundred sites in iron and steel industries : either coking plants, or cold rolling mills, or coil-coating plants. - the odours levels, measured by the method of dilution at the threshold. Generally speaking, coil-coating plants emit more chemical compounds than two others, however olfactive threshold is about the same in the three cases. Sums of compounds concentrations for different chemical families (e.g. alkanes, alcohol's, phenols, ...) are calculated and used for the mathematical treatments. Because the frequency histogram of the observed concentrations has a log normal distribution, logarithm of concentration is chosen as operating variable instead of concentration itself. The stepwise multiple linear regression is used in order to express the dilution factor at the olfactory perception threshold as a linear combination of the logarithm of concentrations. Results show that this factor can be estimated quite well on the basis of the concentrations of compounds belonging only to three chemical families. Nevertheless, these families differ following the emission source. To perform the optimal odour description of the three types of industrial plants a larger set of compounds families should be examined in a first step. Factor analysis is used with the aim of regrouping observed variables that are linked together in the plane of the first two factors. The representation of observation points is then superposed on this scheme. Some variable clusters are observed. The method, applied to the whole variables set, classes rather well the observations : the three emissions sources are well discriminated. Cluster analysis, discriminant analysis and neural network have also been used, but only with three variables common to all installations : concentrations of alkylbenzenes, polycyclic aromatics and alkanes. Cluster analysis is not a "supervised method". That means that it is free to create itself some groups showing similar behaviour with regard to the observed variables. Indeed, results show that cluster analysis does not allow to recognise the emission source. In discriminant analysis, target groups membership is provided for each set of variables values : it is a supervised method. The classification functions so deduced allow to discriminate quite well the three industrial plants and to predict the emission origin. A total of 87 % of the observations are correctly on the basis of the classification functions. Neural network approach, with backpropagation algorithm, is a so-called "pattern recognition technique" and is also a supervised method. It provides still better results than statistical ones. After the learning phase, the network is able to identify correctly 99.5 % of observations from 95.5 % the training set.The concentrations of compounds belonging to three chemical families, combined with a pattern recognition technique based either on discriminant analysis, or on neural network, prove to be efficient for recognising the source of odorous gaseous effluents. For the data set considered in this paper, the neural network exhibits better classification performances than discriminant analysis, but its learning phase is slower. However, applying one method or the other for further recognition of unknown patterns is quick and easy. [less ▲]

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See detailThe catalytic mechanism of beta-lactamases: NMR titration of an active-site lysine residue of the TEM-1 enzyme.
Damblon, Christian ULg; Raquet, X.; Lian, L. Y. et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (1996), 93(5), 1747-52

Beta-Lactamases are widespread in the bacterial world, where they are responsible for resistance to penicillins, cephalosporins, and related compounds, currently the most widely used antibacterial agents ... [more ▼]

Beta-Lactamases are widespread in the bacterial world, where they are responsible for resistance to penicillins, cephalosporins, and related compounds, currently the most widely used antibacterial agents. Detailed structural and mechanistic understanding of these enzymes can be expected to guide the design of new antibacterial compounds resistant to their action. A number of high-resolution structures are available for class A beta-lactamases, whose catalytic mechanism involves the acylation of a serine residue at the active site. The identity of the general base which participates in the activation of this serine residue during catalysis has been the subject of controversy, both a lysine residue and a glutamic acid residue having been proposed as candidates for this role. We have used the pH dependence of chemical modification of epsilon-amino groups by 2,4,6,-trinitrobenzenesulfonate and the pH dependence of the epsilon-methylene 1H and 13C chemical shifts (in enzyme selectively labeled with [epsilon-13C]lysine) to estimate the pKa of the relevant lysine residue, lysine-73, of TEM-1 beta-lactamase. Both methods show that the pKa of this residue is > 10, making it very unlikely that this residue could act as a proton acceptor in catalysis. An alternative mechanism in which this role is performed by glutamate-166 through an intervening water molecule is described. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of growth hormone-binding protein in cattle plasma: prolactin-binding activity and 24-hour profile.
Massart, S.; Ban, A. M.; Renaville, Robert ULg et al

in Domestic Animal Endocrinology (1996), 13(1), 47-57

The purpose of this study was to characterize circulating growth hormone-binding proteins (GHBP) and prolactin-binding proteins (PRLBP) in cattle blood plasma. In particular, the 24-hr profile of these ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to characterize circulating growth hormone-binding proteins (GHBP) and prolactin-binding proteins (PRLBP) in cattle blood plasma. In particular, the 24-hr profile of these molecules was investigated. The preincubation of bull plasma with iodinated bovine growth hormone (bGH) or bovine prolactin (bPRL), followed by gel filtration chromatography (Superdex 200; 1.6 x 60 cm column), resulted in the formation of essentially two complexes. The majority of [125I]bPRL eluted with the first one (M(r) approximately 600 kDa), whereas [125I]bGH mainly appeared in the second one (M(r) approximately 70 kDa). The fractions corresponding to these two peaks were analyzed by western ligand blotting (WLB), under reducing conditions. WLB revealed, respectively, 190-, 56-, 52-, and 28-kDa bands for the first peak and only 52- and 28-kDa bands for the second one. The nature of the 600-kDa peak is at present undetermined, but the 70-kDa one was previously identified as high-affinity GHBP. Displacement studies demonstrated that bGH and bPRL were both able to bind to this GHBP, because the bGH- and bPRL-binding activities of this protein could be saturated by an excess of either of these two hormones. This was indirectly confirmed by the close correlation (r = 0.615; P = 0.0001; n = 155) observed between plasma bGH- and bPRL-binding activities, because this correlation could suggest that both ligands are bound to the same proteins. The temporal concentrations of plasma GHBP were measured in samples collected at 20-min intervals for 24 hr from 8 young bulls. The evaluation of GHBP was realized by WLB, followed by densitometric analysis. Some fluctuations were observed, but these were not correlated with bGH release, even with a +/- 2-hr lag period. In summary, we found that bovine high-affinity GHBP binds not only bGH, but also bPRL. A second type of protein, of higher molecular weight, also binds these two hormones, but further investigations are needed to determine its nature. Finally, GHBP concentrations in cattle blood plasma apparently show fluctuations over a 24-hr period, but no correlation was found between these fluctuations and plasma growth hormone concentrations. [less ▲]

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See detailA Generalized Method of Moving Asymptotes (GMMA) Including Equality Constraints
Zhang, Weihong; Fleury, Claude ULg; Duysinx, Pierre ULg et al

in Structural Optimization (1996), 12(2/3), 143-146

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See detailStable isotope studies: a remarkable tool in delianating organic matter pathways between pelagic and benthic realms. In memoriam Fiorentina Mosora
Mosora, Fiorentina; Dauby, Patrick ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège (1996), 65

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See detailQuelques documents inédits relatifs à Guillaume Lekeu
Pirenne, Christophe ULg; Dado, Stéphane; Verdebout, Luc

in Revue de la Société liégeoise de Musicologie (1996), 5

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See detailThe equatorial boundary of the ultraviolet Jovian north aurora observed with multispectral Hubble Space Telescope images
Grodent, Denis ULg; Dols, V.; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research (1996), 101(E1), 2163-2168

Multispectral observations of the far ultraviolet Jovian aurora with the faint object camera (FOC) on board the Hubble Space Telescope are reported. They are used to describe and compare the morphology ... [more ▼]

Multispectral observations of the far ultraviolet Jovian aurora with the faint object camera (FOC) on board the Hubble Space Telescope are reported. They are used to describe and compare the morphology and the mean brightness of the H-2 Lyman and Werner bands observed at 153, 125, and 130 nm. It is shown that most of the emissions are confined inside the 6 R(J) O-6-GSFC auroral oval and fill a large fraction of the polar cap. During the similar to 50 hours time span of the observations following a very strong aurora, no bright are was observed along the oval mapping the 30 R(J) O-6 oval. Hydrogen emissions at 125 and 130 nm are observed down to 50 degrees N and somewhat below, a region not accessible to previous FOC observations at longer wavelengths. Temporal variations are also observed on timescales of hours to days. [less ▲]

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See detailSeasonal and interannual influences of the terrestrial ecosystems on atmospheric CO2: a model study
François, Louis ULg; Nemry, Bernard; Warnant, Pierre ULg et al

in Physics & Chemistry of the Earth - Parts A/B/C (1996), 21

The prognostic CARAIB (Carbon Assimilation In the Biosphere) model has been used in conjunction with the Max-Planck Institut TM2 atmospheric transport model to calculate the atmospheric CO2 fluctuations ... [more ▼]

The prognostic CARAIB (Carbon Assimilation In the Biosphere) model has been used in conjunction with the Max-Planck Institut TM2 atmospheric transport model to calculate the atmospheric CO2 fluctuations at the global scale. Two applications are briefly described. In the first one, the seasonal CO2 variation is calculated and a Fourier analysis is performed to determine the relative contributions of the various vegetation types. It is found that the seasonal signal is dominated by the grasslands and needle leaf forests in the northern boreal and temperate zones. In the southern hemisphere, tropical deciduous forests and grasslands make the primary contribution. In the second application, the net primary productivity (NPP), soil heterotrophic respiration (SHR) and net ecosystem productivity (NEP) are calculated for years 1987 and 1988 with the model driven by observed climatic variables. Preliminary results indicate that the NEP variations between these two years are strongly dominated by tropical ecosystems. However, it is shown that the results are strongly dependent on the dataset used for the 1987-88 temperature record, raising the question of reliability of sudl modelling studies of the interannual variability of the biosphere. 01997 Elsevier Science Ltd [less ▲]

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See detailEnzymes from psychrophilic organisms
Feller, Georges ULg; Narinx, E.; Arpigny, J. L. et al

in FEMS Microbiology Reviews (1996), 18(2-3), 189-202

Psychrophilic organisms such as micro-organisms and other ectothermic species living in polar, deep- sea or any constantly low temperature environments, produce enzymes adapted to function at low ... [more ▼]

Psychrophilic organisms such as micro-organisms and other ectothermic species living in polar, deep- sea or any constantly low temperature environments, produce enzymes adapted to function at low temperature. These enzymes are characterized by a high catalytic efficiency at low and moderate temperatures but are rather thermolabile. Due to their high specific activity and their rapid inactivation at temperatures as low as 30 degrees C, they offer, along with the producing micro-organisms, a great potential in biotechnology. The molecular basis of the adaptation of cold cu-amylase, subtilisin, triose phosphate isomerase from Antarctic bacteria and of trypsin from fish living in North Atlantic and in Antarctic sea waters have been studied. The comparison of the 3D structures obtained either by protein modelling or by X-ray crystallography (North Atlantic trypsin) with those of their mesophilic counterparts indicates that the molecular changes tend to increase the flexibility of the structure by a weakening of the intramolecular interactions and by an increase of the interactions with the solvent. For each enzyme, the most appropriate strategy enabling it to accommodate the substrate at a low energy cost is selected. There is a price to pay in terms of thermosensibility because the selective pressure is essentially oriented towards the harmonization of the specific activity with ambient thermal conditions. However, as demonstrated by site-directed mutagenesis experiments carried out on the Antarctic subtilisin, the possibility remains to stabilize the structure of these enzymes without affecting their high catalytic efficiency. [less ▲]

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See detailBequest motives and the level and composition of wealth in Belgium. A survey based analysis
Pestieau, Pierre ULg; Perelman, Sergio ULg

in Cahiers Economiques de Bruxelles (1996), (149), 31-53

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See detailMembrane-type matrix metalloproteinase-1 expression at the site of human placentation
Nawrocki, B.; Polette, M. E.; Marchand, V. et al

in Placenta (1996), 17(8), 565-72

Human trophoblast implantation is a highly regulated process of invasion that requires action of proteolytic enzymes to degrade extracellular matrix components of the endometrium. Among these enzymes ... [more ▼]

Human trophoblast implantation is a highly regulated process of invasion that requires action of proteolytic enzymes to degrade extracellular matrix components of the endometrium. Among these enzymes, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) seem to be particularly important in this degradative process. We previously showed that gelatinase A is extensively expressed in vivo in the human placenta. A new MMP, MT-MMP-1 (membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase-1), which is thought to activate progelatinase A, has recently been described. In this study, we examined the expression of MT-MMP-1, by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, in human placental bed biopsies taken during the first trimester of gestation. Human first trimester intermediate trophoblasts synthesized MT-MMP-1 mRNAs and the protein. The MT-MMP-1 pattern of distribution in placental beds was similar to that of gelatinase A, suggesting a pivotal role for MT-MMP-1 in placentation, perhaps by activating progelatinase A. [less ▲]

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See detailCO2 atmosphérique et simulation de ses variations d'origine naturelle et anthropique
Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; François, Louis ULg

in Revue de la Science et des Techniques (1996), 14

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See detailPratiques d'auto-formation : une enquête en communauté française de Belgique
Denis, Brigitte ULg

in Cahiers d'Etudes du C U E E P (1996), 32-33

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See detailPerforation Strength of Geosynthetics and Sphericity of Coarse Grains: a new approach
Courard, Luc ULg; Antoine, R.

in Geotextiles & Geomembranes (1996), 14

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See detailNeurophysins in central diabetes insipidus
Legros, Jean-Jacques ULg; Geenen, Vincent ULg

in Hormone Research (1996), 45

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See detailSubunit 8 of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae cytochrome bc1 complex interacts with succinate-ubiquinone reductase complex.
Bruel, C.; Brasseur, Robert ULg; Trumpower, B. L.

in Journal of Bioenergetics & Biomembranes (1996), 28(1), 59-68

We have investigated the function of subunit 8 of the cytochrome bc1 complex by generating six site-directed mutants, F46C, R51S, P62V, G64A, R91N, and W69-stop, in the cloned QCR8 gene and expressing the ... [more ▼]

We have investigated the function of subunit 8 of the cytochrome bc1 complex by generating six site-directed mutants, F46C, R51S, P62V, G64A, R91N, and W69-stop, in the cloned QCR8 gene and expressing the mutated genes in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain in which the chromosomal copy of QCR8 is deleted. The W69-stop mutation impairs assembly of the bc1 complex and growth of yeast on nonfermentable carbon sources as does deletion of QCR8 [Maarse, A. C., De Haan, M., Schoppink, P. J., Berden J. A., and Grivell, L. A. (1988) Eur. J. Biochem. 172, 179-184], implying that the C-terminus of subunit 8 is important for assembly and/or the stability of the bc1 complex. The F46C, R51S, P62V, G64A, and R91N mutations do not affect the growth of yeast on nonfermentable carbon sources, not do they lower the activity or alter the inhibitor sensitivity of the bc1 complex. Rather, some of the mutations increase the cytochrome C reductase activity of the bc1 complex by as much as 40%. However, succinate-ubiquinone reductase activity was consistently reduced 40-60% in mitochondrial membranes from these mutants, while NADH-ubiquinone reductase activity was not affected. In addition, the activation of succinate-ubiquinone reductase activity by succinate was diminished by the F46C, R51S, P62V, and G64A mutations. These results indicate that the cytochrome bc1 complex participates in electron transfer from succinate to ubiquinone in situ and also suggest an interaction between succinate-ubiquinone reductase and cytochrome bc1 complex which involves subunit 8 of the bc1 complex. [less ▲]

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See detailSeabirds mortality during the 1992-1993 winter along the Belgian coast
Jauniaux, Thierry ULg; Brosens, L.; Farnir, Frédéric ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1996), 140(3), 149-

During the 1992-1993 133 seabirds found on Belgian beaches were necropsied. Most frequent species were the guillemot (Uria aalge), the oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus), the kittiwake (Rissa ... [more ▼]

During the 1992-1993 133 seabirds found on Belgian beaches were necropsied. Most frequent species were the guillemot (Uria aalge), the oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus), the kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla), the razorbill (Alca torda) and the herring gull (Larus argentatus). The three main observations were, in decreasing order, cachexia, acute and hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, and oil contamination of plumage and intestinal tract. The pelagic origin of seabirds was associated with all 3 observations; oil contamination was associated with acute gastro-enteritis and cachexia and, finally, the immature character was associated with cachexia. A hypothetical mechanism of death would be oiled pelagic seabirds that become cachectic and die of acute gastroenteritis. It is unlikely that seabirds act as a reservoir for bacteria, that were only occasionally identified in our material. Therefore, it appears that infectious agents play a minor role in seabirds stranding. [less ▲]

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See detailLa géographie au service du développement local. Le bilan du Colloque de Liège (16-18 novembre 1995) de l'Association de Géographes Français
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Cahiers de Géographie du Quebec (1996), 40(111), 479-484

Summary of a symposium held in Liege from 16 to 18 November 1996 on the theme of local development

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See detailLa bryoflore d'une mosaïque alluviale rhénane: la réserve naturelle de la Petite Camargue Alsacienne (Haut-Rhin)
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Klein, J. P.; Jaegly, E. et al

in Bulletin de la Société Botanique du Centre-Ouest (1996), 27

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See detailPlasma Concentration of Estradiol Following Transdermal Administration of Systen 50 or Menorest 50
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg; Deroisy, Rita ULg et al

in Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. Supplement (1996), 103

Circulating levels of 17 beta estradiol (E2) following the administration of fixed doses of E2, show a great variability in kinetics depending upon the product administrated, the routes of administration ... [more ▼]

Circulating levels of 17 beta estradiol (E2) following the administration of fixed doses of E2, show a great variability in kinetics depending upon the product administrated, the routes of administration, and the interindividual variations in absorption and metabolism. This might have important implications both in terms of tolerance and effectiveness. Two new forms of transdermal E2 (SYSTEN Cilag and MENOREST Rhone-Poulenc Rorer) have been recently accepted in Europe for the treatment of climacteric symptoms. The present study was undertaken to compare the pharmacokinetic characteristics of plasma E2 profile under these two drugs. It was carried out in 30 healthy postmenopausal volunteers according to good clinical practice after informed consent, as a single blind, randomised, cross-over study during the classical wearing period of 4 days. Plasma E2 concentration was determined 24 hours before, 1/2 hour before and then 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, 48, 72, 84, 96 hours after the first patch administration. E2 measurement was performed using a specific direct radioimmunoassay developed in the FRH laboratories. The main criteria for this method were an intraassay coefficient of variation (CV) less than 6%, an interassay CV less than 8% in a concentration range of 15-140 pg/ml and a quantitative detection limit (LOQ) of 2.7 pg/ml with a 20% CV. The following kinetic parameters were analysed: C(max), C(mean), C96 and MRT. The bioequivalence was assessed by analysis of variance of C(max), C(mean), C96 and AuC after logarithmic transformation, complemented by Westlake test (95%). Data show that these two products are identical in terms of C(max) but C(mean), C96 and AuC are statistically greater when MENOREST 50(R) is administered; furthermore, E2 levels decrease more rapidly and more deeply with SYSTEN 50 than MENOREST 50. The differences of pharmacokinetic profiles after administration of two different forms of the same dose of 50 micrograms transdermal 17 beta estradiol might have important medical consequences. [less ▲]

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See detailSexual differentiation of odor and partner preference in the rat.
Bakker, Julie ULg; Van Ophemert, J.; Slob, A. K.

in Physiology & Behavior (1996), 60(2), 489-94

Previous studies have shown that adult male rats, in which brain estrogen formation was inhibited neonatally by SC administration of the aromatase inhibitor 1,4, 6-androstatriene-3,17-dione (ATD), show an ... [more ▼]

Previous studies have shown that adult male rats, in which brain estrogen formation was inhibited neonatally by SC administration of the aromatase inhibitor 1,4, 6-androstatriene-3,17-dione (ATD), show an altered sexual partner preference. When tested in a three-compartment box, such gonadally intact ATD males approach and mate both with the estrous female and the sexually active male, whereas normal males prefer to approach and mate with the estrous female, avoiding the stimulus male. After castration in adulthood and estradiol treatment, ATD males prefer sexually active males. Similarly treated normal males prefer estrous females, and estrous females prefer to mate with males. In the present study, we asked what stimulus characteristics of active males vs. estrous females determined the different sexual preferences of males, ATD males, and of females. Were they chemosensory cues or more distal cues such as actually seeing and hearing the stimulus animals or the reward of sexual activity with the stimulus animals? Sex differences in preference were evident when animals were given a choice between soiled bedding from estrous females and from sexually active males. ATD and control males spent significantly more time on soiled bedding from estrous females than on soiled bedding from sexually active males. Control females spent significantly more time on soiled bedding from sexually active males than on soiled bedding from estrous females. More distal cues, such as seeing and hearing the stimulus animals, revealed differences in preference between control males and females, but not between ATD and control males. Physical interaction with the stimulus animals was a prerequisite for revealing differences in preference between ATD and control males. Then, the behavior of ATD males was clearly intermediate between that of normal male and female rats. In conclusion, neonatal estradiol is important for the psychosexual development of the male rat. However, the present data suggest that the psychosexual development of the male rat also requires either prenatal estradiol or perinatal testosterone. [less ▲]

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See detailAntagonistic properties of human prolactin analogs that show paradoxical agonistic activity in the Nb2 bioassay
Goffin, Vincent; Kinet, Sandrina; Ferrag, Fatima et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (1996), 271(28), 16573-9

Based on the assumption that the prolactin receptor (PRLR) is activated by PRL-induced sequential dimerization, potential human PRL (hPRL) antagonists were designed that sterically interfere with binding ... [more ▼]

Based on the assumption that the prolactin receptor (PRLR) is activated by PRL-induced sequential dimerization, potential human PRL (hPRL) antagonists were designed that sterically interfere with binding site 2. We previously reported the unexpected agonistic properties of these hPRL analogs in the rat Nb2 bioassay (Goffin, V., Struman, I., Mainfroid, V., Kinet, S., and Martial, J. A. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 32598-32606). In order to investigate whether such paradoxical agonistic behavior might result from characteristic features of the Nb2 assay (e.g. species specificity), we transfected in the same cell system the cDNA encoding the PRLR from rat or human species along with reporter genes containing PRL-responsive DNA sequences. We characterized the agonistic, self-antagonistic and/or antagonistic effects of wild type rat PRL, wild type hPRL, and three hPRL analogs, mutated either at binding site 1 or at binding site 2. Our results clearly show that the agonistic/antagonistic properties of PRLs are species-specific. We thus propose different models of receptor activation, depending on the relative affinities of each hormonal binding site, which is directed by species specificity. Finally, this is the first report of hPRL binding site 2 analogs showing antagonistic properties on human and, to a lesser extent, rat receptors. [less ▲]

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See detailGlacial-interglacial variability of atmospheric CO2 due to changing continental silicate rock weathering: A model study
Munhoven, Guy ULg; Francois, Louis ULg

in Journal of Geophysical Research (1996), 101(D16), 21423-21437

An 11-box model of the oceanic carbon cycle including sedimentary processes is used to explore the role chemical weathering of continental silicate rocks might play in driving atmospheric CO2 levels on ... [more ▼]

An 11-box model of the oceanic carbon cycle including sedimentary processes is used to explore the role chemical weathering of continental silicate rocks might play in driving atmospheric CO2 levels on glacial-interglacial timescales. Histories for the consumption of CO2 by silicate rock weathering processes are derived from the marine Ge/Si record. Taking the major uncertainties in the knowledge of the Ge and Si cycles into account, several histories for the evolution of the riverine dissolved silica fluxes are calculated from this record. The investigation of the systematics between riverine dissolved silica and bicarbonate fluxes under different weathering regimes leads us to the tentative conclusion that although there is no correlation between dissolved silica and total bicarbonate concentrations in the major rivers, there may exist a negative correlation between weathering intensity and the ratio of dissolved silica to bicarbonate derived from silicate weathering alone. With this correlation as a working hypothesis, it is possible to interpret the dissolved silica fluxes in terms of equivalent CO2 consumption rates. The calculated histories indicate that glacial rates of CO2 consumption by chemical silicate rock weathering could have been twice, and possibly up to 3.5 times, as high as they are today. When used to force the carbon cycle model, they are responsible for glacial-interglacial pCO2 variations in the atmosphere of typically 50–60 ppm and up to 95–110 ppm. These variations are superimposed to a basic oscillation of 60 ppm generated by the model, mainly in response to coral reef buildup and erosion processes. The total pCO2 signal has an amplitude of about 80–90 ppm and up to 125–135 ppm. Although these large amplitudes indicate that silicate weathering processes should be taken into account when studying glacial-interglacial changes of CO2 in the atmosphere, it also raises new problems, such as too high CO2 levels during the period from 110–70 kyr B.P., requiring further study. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of lactogen receptor-binding site 1 of human prolactin
Kinet, Sandrina; Goffin, Vincent; Mainfroid, Véronique et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (1996), 271(24), 14353-60

Prolactin (PRL) binds to two molecules of PRL receptor (PRLR) through two regions referred to as binding sites 1 and 2. Although binding site 1 has been generally assigned to the pocket delimited by helix ... [more ▼]

Prolactin (PRL) binds to two molecules of PRL receptor (PRLR) through two regions referred to as binding sites 1 and 2. Although binding site 1 has been generally assigned to the pocket delimited by helix 1, helix 4, and the second half of loop 1, the residues involved in receptor binding have not yet all been precisely identified. In an earlier alanine-scanning mutational study, we identified three major binding determinants in loop 1 of human PRL (hPRL) (Goffin, V., Norman, M. & Martial, J. A.(1992) Mol. Endocrinol. 6, 1381-1392). Here we focus on the two other regions that form binding site 1, namely helices 1 and 4. Putative binding residues, selected on the basis of a three-dimensional model of hPRL constructed in this laboratory, were mutated to alanine, and recombinant hPRL mutants produced in Escherichia coli were tested for their ability to bind to the PRLR and to stimulate Nb2 cell proliferation. We thus identified nine single mutations (three in helix 1 and six in helix 4) whose effect was to reduce both binding and mitogenic activity by more than half as compared with wild-type hPRL, indicating the functional involvement of the corresponding residues. Adding these to the three binding determinants identified in loop 1, we now propose a complete picture of PRLR-binding site 1 of hPRL. As we earlier hypothesized, the binding site 1 determinants of hPRL differ from those of human growth hormone, a hPRL homolog. [less ▲]

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See detailDiagnostico del sindrome del canal carpiano en el caballo: 6 casos clinicos
Denoix, Jean-Marie; Romero, Antonio; Vàzquez, Francisco J et al

in Medicina Veterinaria (1996), 13

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See detailSulfonylurea-sensitive potassium current evoked by sodium-loading in rat midbrain dopamine neurons.
Seutin, Vincent ULg; Shen, K. Z.; North, R. A. et al

in Neuroscience (1996), 71(3), 709-19

In Parkinson's disease, there is evidence of impaired mitochondrial function which reduces the capacity to synthesize ATP in dopamine neurons. This would be expected to reduce the activity of the sodium ... [more ▼]

In Parkinson's disease, there is evidence of impaired mitochondrial function which reduces the capacity to synthesize ATP in dopamine neurons. This would be expected to reduce the activity of the sodium pump (Na+/K+ ATPase), causing increased intracellular levels of Na+. Patch pipettes were used to introduce Na+ (40 mM in pipette solutions) into dopamine neurons in the rat midbrain slice in order to study the electrophysiological effects of increased intracellular Na+. We found that intracellular Na+ loading evoked 100-300 pA of outward current (at -60 mV) and increased whole-cell conductance; these effects developed gradually during the first 10 min after rupture of the membrane patch. Extracellular Ba2+ reduced most of the outward current evoked by Na+ loading; this Ba(2+)-sensitive current reversed direction at the expected reversal potential for K+ (EK), and was also blocked by extracellular tetraethylammonium (30 mM) and intracellular Cs+ (which replaced K+ in pipette solutions). The sulfonylurea drugs glipizide (IC50 = 4.9 nM), tolbutamide (IC50 = 23 microM) and glibenclamide (1 microM) were as effective as 300 microM Ba2+ in reducing the K+ current evoked by Na+ loading. When recording with "control" pipettes containing 15 mM Na+, diazoxide (300 microM) increased chord conductance and evoked outward current at -60 mV, which also reversed direction near EK. Effects of diazoxide were blocked by glibenclamide (1 microM) or glipizide (300 nM). Diazoxide (300 microM) and baclofen (3 microM), which also evoked K(+)-mediated outward currents recorded with control pipettes, caused little additional increases in outward currents during Na+ loading. Raising ATP concentrations to 10 mM in pipette solutions failed to significantly reduce currents evoked by diazoxide or Na+ loading, suggesting that these currents may not be mediated by ATP-sensitive K+ channels. Finally, Na+ loading using pipettes containing Cs+ in place of K+ evoked a relatively small outward current (50-150 pA at -60 mV), which developed gradually over the first 10 min after rupturing the membrane patch. This current was reduced by dihydro-ouabain (3 microM) and a low extracellular concentration of K+ (0.5 mM instead of 2.5 mM), but was not affected by Ba2+. We conclude that intracellular Na+ loading evokes a current generated by Na+/K+ ATPase in addition to sulfonylurea-sensitive K+ current. This Na(+)-dependent K+ current is unusual in its sensitivity to sulfonylureas, and could protect dopamine neurons against toxic effects of intracellular Na+ accumulation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Creb, Atf-1, And Atf-2 Transcription Factors From Bovine Leukemia Virus-Infected B Lymphocytes Activate Viral Expression
Adam, E.; Kerkhofs, P.; Mammerickx, M. et al

in Journal of Virology (1996), 70(3),

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See detailIn Vitro Cytotoxic Activity of Two Potential Anticancer Drugs Isolated from Strychnos: Strychnopentamine and Usambarensine
Bonjean, K. A.; De Pauw-Gillet, Marie-Claire ULg; Quetin-Leclercq, J. et al

in Anticancer Research (1996), 16(3A, May-Jun), 1129-37

The cytotoxicity and the selective antiprotozoal activity of some Strychnos alkaloids, namely strychnopentamine (SP) and usambarensine (US) (7) led us to analyze and compare their effects with emetine (EM ... [more ▼]

The cytotoxicity and the selective antiprotozoal activity of some Strychnos alkaloids, namely strychnopentamine (SP) and usambarensine (US) (7) led us to analyze and compare their effects with emetine (EM) by using mouse B16 melanoma cells cultivated in vitro. We observed by cytological analysis and proliferation rate studies that these substances induce analogous cytotoxic effects in B16 cells, but at different concentrations i.e. formation of lamellar bodies in the cytoplasm, the which contain pre-melanosomes in the case of SP and US, vacuoles and blebs. At concentrations near their respective IC50, SP and US, but not EM, decreased colony formation. We showed by incorporation of labelled precursors that SP and US first inhibit RNA synthesis while EM initially acts on protein synthesis. These alkaloids increased melanin synthesis. Furthermore, only EM and SP caused hemolysis of sheep red blood corpuscles. This could explain why the rate of antiplasmodial activity is higher for SP and EM. [less ▲]

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See detailVers une perspective transactionnelle du stress au travail : pistes d'évaluations méthodologiques
De Keyser, Véronique ULg; Hansez, Isabelle ULg

in Cahiers de Médecine du Travail (1996), 33(3), 133-144

L'objectif principal de cet article est d'élaborer des pistes d'évaluations méthodologiques pour les études sur le stress au travail. L'approche se base sur une définition du stress axée sur le contrôle ... [more ▼]

L'objectif principal de cet article est d'élaborer des pistes d'évaluations méthodologiques pour les études sur le stress au travail. L'approche se base sur une définition du stress axée sur le contrôle de la situation et adopte une conception transactionnelle du stress psychologique au travail insistant sur l'importance de l'évaluation de la situation par l'individu et les processus de coping, dans une perspective diachronique (Mackay et Cooper, 1987). Cet article synthétise les indices utilisés généralement dans les recherches sur le stress au travail et discute leurs limites. Les problèmes méthodologiques envisagés sont les suivants: la difficulté d'établir des relations causales, les problèmes de validité discriminante et convergente, la mise en évidence des effets de chronicité, la fidélité des mesures. Des suggestions sont alors proposées, basées principalement sur une démarche combinant comparaisons intra et inter-individuelles, la méthode des «critical job events» ou approche épidémiologique, les stratégies de triangulation, le tout dans une perspective longitudinale. Pour terminer, des exemples en milieu hospitalier illustrent les démarches proposées. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluacion isocinetica de las ligamentoplastias de rodilla
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Villanueva, F. J.; Delcour, J. P. et al

in Utilidad de la reeducacion. Inflamación (1996), 7

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See detailObesity in children. Environmental and genetic Aspects
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Bjorntorp, P.

in Hormone and Metabolic Research. Supplement Series (1996), 28

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See detailExperimental model for the study by chemiluminescence of the activation of isolated equine leucocytes.
Benbarek, H.; Deby, Ginette ULg; Deby, C. et al

in Research in Veterinary Science (1996), 61(1), 59-64

The activation of human polymorphonuclear leucocytes (the respiratory burst) can be studied by measuring their chemiluminescent response. This technique was adapted to equine leucocytes to investigate the ... [more ▼]

The activation of human polymorphonuclear leucocytes (the respiratory burst) can be studied by measuring their chemiluminescent response. This technique was adapted to equine leucocytes to investigate the effects of cell number, activator concentration, enhancers of chemiluminescence, pH, temperature and inhibitors. Leucocytes were isolated from citrated blood from healthy horses and chemiluminescence was measured with a Bio-Orbit luminometer sensitive to 900 nm light. The optimal cell density for the maximal chemiluminescent response ranged from 10(6) to 10(7) leucocytes 600 microliters-1. Chemiluminescence increased as a function of temperature, and the concentrations of luminol, lucigenin and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), and was pH related (optimal pH value = 8.0 for lucigenin and 8.5 for luminol). The inhibition of chemiluminescence by 5 x 10(-5) M azide was 88 per cent for luminol and 37 per cent for lucigenin. Superoxide dismutase (100 IU) totally inhibited the chemiluminescence response. Approximately 30 per cent variability in chemiluminescence was observed under the same assay conditions, depending on the origin of the leucocytes. Based on these results, the conditions selected for the measurement of equine leucocyte chemiluminescence were: 10(6) to 10(7) leucocytes 600 microliters-1, 1 x 10(-6)M PMA, 1 mM luminol or 0.4 mM lucigenin, physiological pH (7.4) and physiological temperature (37.8 degrees C). These conditions were similar to those used for measuring the chemiluminescent response of human leucocytes. [less ▲]

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See detailClay mineral signature of the NW Atlantic Boundary Undercurrent
Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Robert, Christian; Hillaire Marcel

in Marine Geology (1996), 130(1-2), 19-28

Surface sediments were sampled along 2 transects, across the Iceland and Irminger basins and in the Labrador Sea. Clay mineral assemblages (deduced from X-ray analyses of the carbonate-free <2 mu m ... [more ▼]

Surface sediments were sampled along 2 transects, across the Iceland and Irminger basins and in the Labrador Sea. Clay mineral assemblages (deduced from X-ray analyses of the carbonate-free <2 mu m fraction) are largely dominated by smectites (about 60%) in the Iceland and Irminger basins. In the Labrador Sea, smectites are present along the Greenland Slope, but absent or rare in sediments from the Labrador Slope. They may, however, represent up to 50% of the clay fraction at depths between 2800 and 3400 m along both margins of the Labrador Sea, i.e., along the axis of the Western Boundary Undercurrent (WBUC). A detrital supply from the adjacent continents is unlikely. The WBUC is thought to be responsible for erosion and transport of fine particles from the smectite-rich Irminger and Iceland Basins, then for their redeposition in the Labrador Sea. These results suggest that clay minerals can be used as paleocurrent indicators in the Northwest Atlantic. [less ▲]

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See detailA simple technique to relieve Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) of Acarophenax tribolii (Acarina: Pyemotidae).
Arnaud, Ludovic; Mignon, Jacques ULg; Gilson, Jean-Claude et al

in Tribolium Information Bulletin (1996), 36

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See detailLa greffe de cellules souches hematopoietiques (greffe de moelle osseuse"): indications, modalites et risques."
Beguin, Yves ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(4), 270-5

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See detailChromosomal location of fifteen unique mouse KRAB-containing zinc finger loci
Marine, J. C.; Gilbert, D. J.; Bellefroid, Eric J. et al

in Mammalian Genome : Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society (1996), 7(6), 413-6

The mammalian genome contains hundreds if not thousands of zinc finger protein (Zfp) genes. While the function of most of these genes remains to be determined, it is clear that a few of them play ... [more ▼]

The mammalian genome contains hundreds if not thousands of zinc finger protein (Zfp) genes. While the function of most of these genes remains to be determined, it is clear that a few of them play important roles in gene regulation and development. In studies described here, we have used an interspecific mouse backcross mapping panel to determine the chromosomal location of 15 KRAB-containing zinc finger loci. These loci map to nine different mouse autosomes and the X Chromosome (Chr). Two Chrs, 7 and 9, contain cosegregating pairs of KRAB-containing Zfp genes, indicating that the KRAB-containing Zfp genes have evolved through processes involving regional as well as genome-wide duplication events. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards concerted river management in Belgium.
Mormont, Marc ULg

in Journal of Environmental Planning & Management (1996), 39(1), 131-141

River basin management is a highly complex issue, involving scientific uncertainties and competing interests between many groups. One approach is to build consensus between different users and to agree a ... [more ▼]

River basin management is a highly complex issue, involving scientific uncertainties and competing interests between many groups. One approach is to build consensus between different users and to agree a common basis for operation. The King Baudouin Foundation in Belgium has supported the idea of 'river contracts' as a way of producing agreed strategies for river management. Examples of early contracts are described and their wider significance reviewed. [less ▲]

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See detailHacia una cartografía del boom. Una polémica en Zona Franca (ag.-dic.1972).
Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg

in América. Cahiers du CRICCAL (1996), 15/16

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See detail"Vielen Dank und auf Wiedersehen" : Mitteilungen an das Publikum in den Kinoprogrammen der Frühzeit
Belloi, Livio ULg

in KINtop : Jahrbuch zur Erforschung des frühen Films (1996), 5

Etude des vues d'annonce au public telles que la firme Lumière en a très tôt l'intuition, mais qui se développent surtout à partir de 1906, en conjonction avec l'émergence progressive des salles fixes et ... [more ▼]

Etude des vues d'annonce au public telles que la firme Lumière en a très tôt l'intuition, mais qui se développent surtout à partir de 1906, en conjonction avec l'émergence progressive des salles fixes et spécialisées, c'est-à-dire en même temps que l'apparition de cette instance historiquement constituée qu'est le spectateur de cinéma. [less ▲]

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See detailHeparin-binding domain, type 1 and type 2 repeats of thrombospondin mediate its interaction with human breast cancer cells.
Incardona, F.; Lawler, J.; Cataldo, Didier ULg et al

in Journal of Cellular Biochemistry (1996), 62(4), 431-42

Thrombospondin is an adhesive glycoprotein that promotes breast cancer cell adhesion to human vascular endothelial cells (Incardona et al., 1995). In this study, we have identified the molecular domains ... [more ▼]

Thrombospondin is an adhesive glycoprotein that promotes breast cancer cell adhesion to human vascular endothelial cells (Incardona et al., 1995). In this study, we have identified the molecular domains of thrombospondin that mediate its binding to specific receptors on the human breast adenocarcinoma cell line, MDA-MB-231. Two recombinant fragments from the amino-terminus (TSPN18 and TSPN28), and the fusion proteins of the type 1 and type 2 repeats of human thrombospondin, inhibited binding of radiolabeled thrombospondin to MDA-MB-231 cells in suspension by 40-60% at 50 micrograms/ml whereas the type 3 repeat, carboxy-terminus and unfused glutathione-S-transferase as well as the synthetic peptide Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (500 micrograms/ml) had little or no effect. Heparin and various glycosaminoglycans as heparan sulfate, chondroitin sulfates A, B or C, and fucoidan inhibited thrombospondin binding to MDA-MB-231 cells by more than 60% whereas dextran sulfate had only little effect. Treatment of cells with heparitinase, chondroitinase ABC, and hyaluronidase, but not with neuraminidase, induced 30-50% inhibition of thrombospondin binding suggesting the participation of both heparan sulfate and chondroitin sulfate cell surface-associated molecules. Inhibition of proteoglycan sulfation by chlorate or inhibition of glycosaminoglycan chain formation by two beta-D-xylosides also led to a substantial inhibition of thrombospondin binding. Our results indicate that several domains within the thrombospondin molecule, namely the amino-terminus, type 1 and type 2 repeats, participate in its binding to specific receptors bearing sulfated glycosaminoglycans on MDA-MB-231 cells. Biological assays have indicated that, in addition to these domains, the peptide Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser inhibited MDA-MB-231 cell attachment to thrombospondin suggesting that the last type 3 repeat of the molecule may also contribute to its cell adhesive activity. [less ▲]

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See detailLe clonage par transfert de noyau dans l'espece bovine: resultats et perspectives.
Ectors, Fabien ULg

in Bulletin et Mémoires de l'Académie Royale de Médecine de Belgique (1996), 151(12), 493-9

A all in vitro cloning technique was developed in which the reconstituted embryos from the first cycle nuclear transfer (cloning) were used as blastomere donor for the second cycle nuclear transfer ... [more ▼]

A all in vitro cloning technique was developed in which the reconstituted embryos from the first cycle nuclear transfer (cloning) were used as blastomere donor for the second cycle nuclear transfer (recloning). Such method permitted to produce 14.5% of morulae and 14.9% of blastocysts after the first and second cycles of nuclear transfer, respectively. The rates of birth obtained after transfer of such embryos were 21.4% et 20.8% for first and second cycles respectively, corresponding to 6 et 5 calves for 28 et 24 transferred embryos. Unfortunately, gestation pathologies and an increase of birth weights were observed. It seems that the in vitro presence of gametes and/or embryos may be responsible of an alteration in the control of gene expression. [less ▲]

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See detailComposition of the essential oil of Piper acutifolium Ruiz. and Pav. from Peru.
Lognay, Georges ULg; Bouxin, P.; Marlier, M. et al

in Journal of Essential Oil Research (1996), 8(6),

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See detailLes infections utérines dans l’espèce bovine: 1. Aspects étiologiques et épidémiologiques
Hanzen, Christian ULg; Houtain, J. Y.; Laurent, Y.

in Point Vétérinaire (1996), 28(numéro spécial), 1013-1017

Assessing the frequency of metritis shows the animal uterine health as well as the herd . The practitioner prefers to use vaginal examination. The great diversity and variation postpartum in germs ... [more ▼]

Assessing the frequency of metritis shows the animal uterine health as well as the herd . The practitioner prefers to use vaginal examination. The great diversity and variation postpartum in germs responsible for uterine diseases make it difficult to interpret bacteriology. Uterine diseases are all the more frequent as the interval between calving and clinical examination is shorter, therefore the practitioner screening needs to be done as soon as possible. This recommendation is valid for the primiparous dairy cow as well as the suckler cow [less ▲]

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See detailTheory of the thermal conductivity of metallic localized spin compounds in a magnetic field
Rassili, Ahmed ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg

in Journal of Magnetism & Magnetic Materials (1996), 163(1-2), 153-163

We calculated the influence of a de magnetic field on the thermal conductivity of localized spin metallic systems as a function of temperature. A variational method was used. The influence of the joint ... [more ▼]

We calculated the influence of a de magnetic field on the thermal conductivity of localized spin metallic systems as a function of temperature. A variational method was used. The influence of the joint impurity and phonon scattering processes together with the localized spin influence is shown. Remarkable features are found at low temperature and near the critical transition. An increase of conductivity with field near T-C is discussed. It is also argued that a coherent effect due to the field is the cause of the thermal conductivity enhancement at low temperature. The magneto-thermal conductivity is shown at different temperatures. [less ▲]

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See detailStromelysin-3 expression promotes tumor take in nude mice
Noël, Agnès ULg; Lefebvre, O.; Maquoi, Erik ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Investigation (1996), 97

Stromelysin-3 (ST3) is a matrix metalloproteinase expressed in human carcinomas in ways suggesting that it may play a role in tumor progression. To test this possibility, we have performed gene transfer ... [more ▼]

Stromelysin-3 (ST3) is a matrix metalloproteinase expressed in human carcinomas in ways suggesting that it may play a role in tumor progression. To test this possibility, we have performed gene transfer experiments using both anti-sense and sense ST3 expression vectors, and malignant cells either expressing (NIH 3T3 fibroblasts) or not (MCF7 epithelial cells) endogenous ST3. We have compared the ability of parental and transfected cells to cause subcutaneous tumor development in nude mice. 3T3 cells expressing anti-sense ST3 RNA showed reduced tumorigenicity, and MCF7 cells expressing mouse or human ST3 were associated with reduced tumor-free period leading to a significant increased tumor incidence(P<10(-4)). However, once established, the ST3 expressing tumors did not grow faster than those obtained with the parental MCF7 cell line. In addition, tumors obtained after sub-cutaneous injection of ST3-expressing or nonexpressing cells did not exhibit obvious histological differences, and careful examination did not reveal any local invasive tissue areas nor systemic metastases. These in vivo observations were in agreement with those obtained in vitro showing that ST3 expression did not modify proliferative nor invasive properties of transfected cells. Altogether, these results indicate that ST3 expression promotes tumor take in nude mice, presumably by favoring cancer cell survival in a tissue environment initially not permissive for tumor growth. These findings represent the first experimental evidence showing that ST3 can modulate cancer progression. [less ▲]

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See detailExercice physique et ostéoporose
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Le Monde Médical de la Femme (1996), 309(15), 25-27

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See detailLa dérivée schwarzienne
Bair, Jacques ULg; Haesbroeck, Gentiane ULg

in Mathématique et Pédagogie (1996), 108

Dans cette note est introduit le concept de dérivée schwarzienne pour une fonction réelle univariée. Diverses propriétés et applications sont également proposées.

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See detailCes histoires que l'on construit et que l'on se raconte...
Guillaume, Jean-François ULg

in Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie (1996), 100

A partir des réflexions de Paul Ricoeur sur la temporalité et la narrativité, l'A. envisage les processus discursifs de construction identitaire chez les jeunes gens en fin de scolarité obligatoire. L ... [more ▼]

A partir des réflexions de Paul Ricoeur sur la temporalité et la narrativité, l'A. envisage les processus discursifs de construction identitaire chez les jeunes gens en fin de scolarité obligatoire. L'identité en construction est appréhendée à travers le récit qu'ils donnent de leurs projets d'avenir et de leur histoire familiale. La présentation de soi, perçue dans cette double dimension, est soumise à un ensemble de schèmes ou de modèles narratifs culturellement ancrés et socialement véhiculés. Elle prend forme et se constitue en une totalité cohérente et intelligible par une « mise en intrigue » de la diversité des péripéties vécues ou imaginées. [less ▲]

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See detailAstroglia-released factor with negative allosteric modulatory properties at the GABA A receptor.
Rigo, Jean-Michel; Belachew, Shibeshih ULg; Coucke, Paul et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (1996), 52(3), 465-473

We have previously shown, using whole-cell patch-clamp techniques, that astrocytes release a negative allosteric modulator of the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor (GABAA receptor) with beta ... [more ▼]

We have previously shown, using whole-cell patch-clamp techniques, that astrocytes release a negative allosteric modulator of the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor (GABAA receptor) with beta-carboline-like properties, thus, likely to act at the benzodiazepine site. Here, using patch-clamp and binding techniques, we confirm that the low-molecular-weight fraction of astroglia-conditioned medium (ACM lmf) contains a factor(s) that negatively modulates GABAA-receptor function. This factor, like beta-carbolines, enhances the specific binding of [35S]t-butyl bicyclophosphorothionate (TBPS) to adult rat cortical membranes in the presence of GABA. However, it fails to interact with various ligands of the benzodiazepine (BZD) site of the GABAA receptor ([3H]flunitrazepam, [3H]Ro 15-1788 and [3H]Ro 15-4513). The question of the actual binding site of the astroglia-derived factor on the GABAA receptor, thus, remains open and can be addressed only after the purification of the active molecule(s) of ACM Imf has been completed, and a labeled form of the endogenous ligand becomes available. Taken together, however, the data suggest that type 1 astrocytes are able to modulate the effects of the main inhibitory neurotransmission in the central nervous system. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of some organophosphate insecticides on acetylcholinesterase of adult Coccinella septempunctata (Coccinellidae)
Bozsik, Andras; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Gaspar, Charles

in Journal of Environmental Science & Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, & Agricultural Wastes (1996)

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See detailAutologous stem cell transplantations in elderly AML patients
Archimbaud, E.; Jehn, U.; De Cataldo, F. et al

in Trends in Onco-Hematology (1996), 4(2), 28-29

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See detailLes reliques sur ordinateur
George, Philippe ULg

in Le médiéviste et l'ordinateur (1996)

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See detailThe efficacy of a phyto-aromatic ear gel against auricular mange in rabbits and carnivores
Mignon, Bernard ULg; Losson, Bertrand ULg

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (1996), 138

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See detailAlpha-MSH stimulates neurite outgrowth of neonatal rat corticospinal neurons in vitro.
Joosten, E. A.; Verhaagh, S.; Martin, Didier ULg et al

in Brain Research (1996), 736(1-2), 91-8

Peptides related to melanocortin (alpha MSH) and corticotropin (ACTH), collectively termed melanocortins, exert trophic effects on the outgrowth of neurites from peripheral and central nervous system in ... [more ▼]

Peptides related to melanocortin (alpha MSH) and corticotropin (ACTH), collectively termed melanocortins, exert trophic effects on the outgrowth of neurites from peripheral and central nervous system in vitro. Here we study the neurite outgrowth promoting effect of alpha-MSH on corticospinal (CS) neurons in vitro. Corticospinal neurons were identified in cell culture of neonatal rat cortex by immunostaining of cholera toxin subunit B (CTB), retrogradely transported from the cervical parts of the spinal cord. The CTB-immunoreactive neurons represent a small percentage (3-5%) of the total cell population after 72 h in vitro. The axons or dendrites of cortical and CTB-labelled layer V neurons were visualized using antibodies against axon- or dendrite-specific markers and measured using a semi-automatic quantification device. Here we report that alpha-MSH stimulates axonal as well as dendrite outgrowth from both total and CTB-labelled neurons with a bell-shape response curve. Axonal outgrowth of CTB-labelled neurons was dose-dependently stimulated with a maximal effect of 50% at 10(-10) M alpha-MSH. The maximal effect for stimulation of axon outgrowth for the total cortex population was observed at 10(-8) M alpha-MSH. In addition dendrite outgrowth of both total and CTB-labelled neurons is stimulated in a dose-dependent manner with maximal effects (varying between 46 and 48%) at 10(-8) M alpha-MSH. Explanations in the shift for the optimal alpha-MSH concentration for stimulation of axonal outgrowth of CTB-labelled layer V neurons as compared to total cortex neurons are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Potent Angioinhibin Agm-1470 Stimulates Normal but Not Human Tumoral Lymphocytes
Antoine, Nadine ULg; Daukandt, M.; Locigno, R. et al

in Tumori (1996), 82(1, Jan-Feb), 27-30

BACKGROUND: AGM-1470 is a newly synthesized molecule developed as an analog of the potent anti-angiogenic fumagillin. Its efficacy in restraining tumor growth in vivo and the absence of major side effects ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: AGM-1470 is a newly synthesized molecule developed as an analog of the potent anti-angiogenic fumagillin. Its efficacy in restraining tumor growth in vivo and the absence of major side effects have already led to phase I clinical trials in patients with solid cancers. However, neither the exact mechanisms of action of AGM-1470 nor its effects on the host of normal cells have been extensively studied. Recently, we showed that AGM-1470 enhanced the proliferation of B lymphocytes in the presence of T cells. Since AGM-1470 could potentially be used in patients with lymphoma, it was urgent to test the effect of the molecule on the proliferation of tumor lymphocytes. METHODS: The possible effect of AGM-1470 on the proliferation of normal or tumor lymphocytes was evaluated by thymidine-incorporated assays. Normal T and B lymphocytes were purified from human tonsils. The tumor lymphocytes used in the study were Molt 3, Molt 4 and Jurkatt cell lines for the T lineage and Daudi and Radji cell lines for the B lineage. RESULTS: As shown previously, AGM-1470 stimulates the proliferation of normal B lymphocytes through an action on normal T cells. THe angioinhibin was ineffective ont eh proliferation of both T and B transformed cells. Moreover, in the presence of the drug, tumor T cells co-cultured with normal B lymphocytes did not induce any increase in B cell proliferation, as previously observed with normal T lymphocytes. Inversely, tumor B cells co-cultured with normal T lymphocytes were insensitive to the drug. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that AGM-1470 is ineffective on lymphoid tumor cell proliferation and could potentially be safely administered to lymphoma patients. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Neoproterozoic Pan-African basement from the Alpine Lower Danubian nappe system (South Carpathians, Romania)
Liégeois, Jean-Paul ULg; Berza, Tudor; Tatu, Mihai et al

in Precambrian Research (1996), 80

The South Carpathians, which were thrust to the Moesian platform in the Alpine orogeny (Late Cretaceous to Tertiary), include the Danubian nappe system. The Danubian pre-Alpine basement comprises two ... [more ▼]

The South Carpathians, which were thrust to the Moesian platform in the Alpine orogeny (Late Cretaceous to Tertiary), include the Danubian nappe system. The Danubian pre-Alpine basement comprises two Variscan nappes, each one made up of partially retrogressed amphibolite facies rocks intruded by granitoids and capped by an Ordovician-Devonian volcano-sedimentary cover. No lithological correlation can be established between the pre-Ordovician basements of these two units. The metamorphic basement from the first Variscan nappe, the Drãgºan Group, is composed of banded amphibolites with some augen and aluminous gneisses intruded by granodioritic to tonalitic plutons. The banded structure of the amphibolites, together with their geochemistry, suggests a volcano-sedimentary sequence. Zircon U-Pb data on an intercalated augen gneiss have given an age of 777 ± 3 Ma for the emplacement of the protolith of this gneiss. Nd model ages (TDM) for the amphibolites range from 717 Ma to 817 Ma. At 777 Ma, Nd values cluster is at +8.3 to +9.8 and Sr initial ratios range between 0.7007 and 0.7023, indicating an oceanic origin without continental crust contamination. Major and trace elements from the Drãgºan amphibolites consistently display an island arc signature, with three differentiation trends evolving from an early tholeiitic trend to a more differentiated low-K calc-alkaline one. The Drãgºan terrane is similar to the Early Pan-African juvenile terranes of the Sahara. The basement of the second Variscan nappe, the Lainici-Pãiuº Group, is made up of metasedimentary rocks (mainly quartzites, marbles and graphitic mica gneisses) cut by early leucogranitic dykes, medium-K calc-alkaline and alkali-calcic (mainly granitic) plutons, and late medium-K porphyry diorite dykes. This magmatism can be bracketed between 588 Ma and 567 Ma (U-Pb zircon ages). The best preserved pluton (Tismana, 567 Ma old), displays a composite alkali-calcic (very high-K calc-alkaline) magmatic sequence, ranging from gabbro-diorite to monzogranite, including an ultramafic pod. Ages and geochemical signatures resemble the Saharan Late Pan-African granitoids. The existence of Late Precambrian partly juvenile terrains is thus confirmed within the basement of South Carpathians, which renders then a segment of the European Alpine belt that can be successfully compared to the Pan-African Trans-Saharan belt. [less ▲]

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See detailMutations structurelles d'emploi et insertion professionnelle
Gavray, Claire ULg

in Lettre d'information TEF (1996), 4

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See detailPeritoneal endometriosis and "endometriotic" nodules of the rectovaginal septum are two different entities.
Donnez, Jacques; NISOLLE, Michelle ULg; Smoes, Pierre et al

in Fertility and Sterility (1996), 66(3), 362-8

OBJECTIVES: To compare histologically and stereologically the endometriotic nodule of the rectovaginal septum to peritoneal endometriosis. DESIGN: Morphometric investigation, cytokeratin and vimentin ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To compare histologically and stereologically the endometriotic nodule of the rectovaginal septum to peritoneal endometriosis. DESIGN: Morphometric investigation, cytokeratin and vimentin content, and steroid receptor evaluation were performed on endometriotic tissue from the peritoneum (n = 52) and rectovaginal nodules (n = 68). SETTING: An academic teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Biopsies were taken from 120 patients undergoing a laparoscopy for infertility and/ or pelvic pain (52 from typical black peritoneal endometriotic implants and 68 from endometriotic nodule of the rectovaginal septum). None of the patients were treated. RESULTS: Mitotic activity was found to be significantly different in peritoneal and rectovaginal endometriosis. The evaluation suggested that the stroma is not mandatory for the invasion of glandular epithelium in the rectovaginal nodule, which is, like a adenomyoma, a circumscribed nodular aggregate of smooth muscle and glandular elements. Cytokeratin and vimentin content as well as the estrogen receptor (ER) and P receptor (PR) content were significantly lower in both types of lesion when compared with eutopic endometrium. But vimentin immunoreactivity in epithelium, as well as the ER and PR content, were significantly lower in nodules when compared with black peritoneal lesions. CONCLUSION: It is suggested that the rectovaginal endometriotic nodule is a different disease from peritoneal endometriosis and must be called rectovaginal adenomyosis or rectovaginal adenomyoma. Its histopathogenesis probably is not related to the implantation of regurgitated endometrial cells but to the metaplasia of Müllerian rests. [less ▲]

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See detailThe holodisc distance transform and its applications in image analysis
Pirard, Eric ULg

in Microscopy, Microanalysis, Microstructures (1996), 7

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See detailThe Ovine Callipyge Locus: A Paradigm Illustrating the Importance of Non-Mendelian Genetics in Livestock
Georges, Michel ULg; Cockett, N.

in Reproduction Nutrition Development (1996), 36(6), 651-7

An inheritable muscular hypertrophy was recently described in sheep and shown to be determined by the callipyge (CLPG) gene mapped to ovine chromosome 18. We demonstrate in this work that the callipyge ... [more ▼]

An inheritable muscular hypertrophy was recently described in sheep and shown to be determined by the callipyge (CLPG) gene mapped to ovine chromosome 18. We demonstrate in this work that the callipyge phenotype is characterized by a non-Mendelian inheritance pattern, referred to as polar overdominance, in which only heterozygous individuals having inherited the CLPG mutation from their sire express the phenotype. The possible role of parental imprinting in the determinism of polar overdominance is envisaged. [less ▲]

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See detailL’éducation géographique. Pour une vision citoyenne du monde
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Géographes Associés (1996), (19), 65-69

Brief reflection on the place of the teaching of geography in education for citizenship

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See detailWhat policies for biodiversity management in the Wallonia region? Biodiversity and its audiences: Sociological reflections on biodiversity protection
Mormont, Marc ULg

in Annales de Gembloux (1996), 102(1-2), 19-30

Current popular concepts of biodiversity are examined, with particular application to Belgium, using a three stage analysis. The way in which the link was made between a scientific concept and a ... [more ▼]

Current popular concepts of biodiversity are examined, with particular application to Belgium, using a three stage analysis. The way in which the link was made between a scientific concept and a sociopolitical definition is analysed. Consideration is made of society's idea of 'nature' and the 'return to nature' concept. Ways in which the public can adapt its behaviour and ideals to protect biodiversity (local ecology programmes, environmentally friendly farming etc) are examined. [less ▲]

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See detailBiogeography and taxonomy of Apodemus sylvaticus (the woodmouse) in the Tyrrhenian region: Enzymatic variations and mitochondrial DNA restriction pattern analysis
Michaux, Johan ULg; Filippucci, M. G.; Libois, Roland ULg et al

in Heredity (1996), 76(Part 3), 267-277

In the western Mediterranean area, the taxonomic status of the various forms of Apodemus sylvaticus is quite unclear. Moreover, though anthropogenic, the origins of the island populations remain unknown ... [more ▼]

In the western Mediterranean area, the taxonomic status of the various forms of Apodemus sylvaticus is quite unclear. Moreover, though anthropogenic, the origins of the island populations remain unknown in geographical terms. In order to examine the level of genetic relatedness of insular and continental woodmice, 258 animals were caught in 24 localities distributed in Belgium, France, mainland Italy, Sardinia, Corsica and Elba. Electrophoresis of 33 allozymes and mtDNA restriction fragments were performed and a UPGMA dendrogram built from the indices of genetic divergence. The dendrogram based on restriction patterns shows two main groups: 'Tyrrhenian', comprising all the Italian and Corsican animals and 'North-western', corresponding to all the other mice trapped from the Pyrenees to Belgium. Since all the Tyrrhenian mice are similar and well isolated from their relatives living on the western edge of the Alpine chain, they must share a common origin. The insular populations are consequently derived from peninsular Italian ones. From a taxonomic point of view and taking the priority rules into account, we have to invalidate A. s. clanceyi Harrison, 1948 and to consider the Tyrrhenian woodmice as belonging to A. s. milleri de Beaux, 1926, whereas the North-western ones must be referred to as the nominal subspecies. As far as the Elban woodmouse is concerned, at the moment we prefer to keep its present subspecific status because we only studied one animal. [less ▲]

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See detailLa pratique de la mise en observation psychiatrique
Boxho, Philippe ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 52

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