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See detailNature et qualités de spatiocartes
Donnay, Jean-Paul ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2000), 38

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See detailL'altération des bords de la tourbière active du Misten par l'exploitation de la tourbe pourrait dater du début du 14ième siècle
Hindryckx, Marie-Noëlle ULg; Streel, Maurice ULg

in Documents de la Station scientifique des Hautes-Fagnes (2000), 30(4), 95-101

Une étude récente (1999) de la végétation, de la variation du niveau de la nappe aquifère et des caractéristiques de la tourbe sous-jacente, à la périphérie de la tourbière active du Misten permet d ... [more ▼]

Une étude récente (1999) de la végétation, de la variation du niveau de la nappe aquifère et des caractéristiques de la tourbe sous-jacente, à la périphérie de la tourbière active du Misten permet d'entrevoir l'époque la plus probable d'exploitation de la tourbe dans la région de cette tourbière. Un calcul de la vitesse d'accumulation récente de la tourbe à différentes zones à la périphérie de la partie active de la tourbière a été effectué par des sondages de tourbe rapprochés et analysés finement au niveau palynologique. On constate que la vitesse d'accumulation de la tourbe varie selon les profils distants de 10m les uns des autres et que celle-ci diminue au fur et à mesure que l'on se rapproche du bord actuel de la tourbière active. A l'aide d'une datation au carbone 14, nous pouvons avancer que la date de l'altération du bord sud-est de la tourbière active du Misten a dû commencer vers 1330 AD (1170 + 160), soit bien antérieurement au creusement du fossé d'Eupen (1774), mais aussi bien avant les premières exploitations de tourbe connues dans les fagnes de Sourbrodt. [less ▲]

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See detailWegwijs in de vele benamingen van de veelvormige pathogeen Escherichia coli
Mainil, Jacques ULg

in Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift (2000), 69

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See detailThe Arabidopsis Thaliana Pin1at Gene Encodes A Single-Domain Phosphorylation-Dependent Peptidyl Prolyl Cis/Trans Isomerase
Landrieu, I.; De Veylder, L.; Fruchart, Js. et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2000), 275(14),

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See detailSimulation of first and second order scattering by rough surfaces with a sound ray formalism
Embrechts, Jean-Jacques ULg

in Journal of Sound & Vibration (2000), 229(1)

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See detailThe copper flora of Katanga: a phytogeographical analysis
Leteinturier, B.; Malaisse, François ULg

in Geo-Eco-Trop (2000), 23(1-4),

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See detailEffects of Ephedrine on the Onset Time of Neuromuscular Block and Intubating Conditions after Cisatracurium: Preliminary Results
Albert, Franz ULg; Hans, Pol ULg; Bitar, Yasser et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (2000), 51(3), 167-71

We studied the effects of intravenous ephedrine on the onset time and the intubating conditions 2 min after a bolus dose of cisatracurium (0.15 mg kg-1). Thirty patients anaesthetized with sufentanil and ... [more ▼]

We studied the effects of intravenous ephedrine on the onset time and the intubating conditions 2 min after a bolus dose of cisatracurium (0.15 mg kg-1). Thirty patients anaesthetized with sufentanil and propofol were randomly divided in 2 groups to receive either ephedrine (70 micrograms.kg-1) or saline, 5 s before propofol. Cisatracurium was administered after loss of consciousness. Neuromuscular block was assessed at the adductor pollicis using accelography. Tracheal intubation was performed 2 min after cisatracurium injection and rated as excellent, good, poor or bad. At intubation, neuromuscular block (% height of control T1) was greater in patients receiving ephedrine (36.1 +/- 25.8% vs 57.9 +/- 25.1%) (mean +/- SD). The frequency of excellent intubating conditions was higher after ephedrine (86.6%) than after saline (40.0%). The onset time of cisatracurium was shorter after ephedrine (167 +/- 64.8 s vs 234.9 +/- 63.1 s). Thus, a low dose of ephedrine given before induction of anaesthesia improves the intubating conditions 2 min after 0.15 mg kg-1 cisatracurium and this effect likely relates to a quicker onset of neuromuscular block. [less ▲]

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See detailMethodological bias in home range and mobility estimates when locating radio-tagged trout, Salmo trutta, at different time intervals
Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULg; Baras, Etienne

in Aquatic Living Resources (2000), 13(6), 449-454

Radio tracking has been extensively used to enhance our knowledge on the movement and home range of fish in general and salmonids in particular. However, the use of various temporal sampling protocols is ... [more ▼]

Radio tracking has been extensively used to enhance our knowledge on the movement and home range of fish in general and salmonids in particular. However, the use of various temporal sampling protocols is likely to overlook fish movements, and produce experimental artefacts, the amplitude of which is unknown and may compromise comparison of fish behaviours revealed by different protocols. Starting from a day-by-day tracking study of brown treat in Belgian waters (Aisne stream, nine fish, minimum 39 daily locations per fish), we re-examined their home range and mobility, through a subsampling process, as if the fish had been located at longer time intervals (2-14 days). The estimates from subsamples were compared to the original data set in order to quantify the corresponding reduction of accuracy from observed data, and how far this could be predicted on the basis of locating frequency. The results clearly indicate that all intervals longer than one day generally generate substantial biases (reduction of accuracy from 0 to 82% for home range and from 5 to 92% for mobility) but these can be partly corrected through the use of predictive models. This analysis demonstrates that any comparison between studies relying on different locating frequencies can generate some ambiguity when interpreting biological phenomena or geographical differences. (C) 2000 Ifremer/CNRS/INRA/IRD/Cemagref/Editions scientifrques et medicales Elsevier SAS. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of cold and warm ischemia on the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation of swine lung.
Willet, Katty; Detry, Olivier ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg et al

in Transplantation (2000), 69(4), 582-588

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate the consequence of warm and cold ischemia on lung mitochondria in order to define bioenergetic limits within lung could be suitable for pulmonary ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate the consequence of warm and cold ischemia on lung mitochondria in order to define bioenergetic limits within lung could be suitable for pulmonary transplantation. METHODS: Twenty-two pigs underwent lung harvesting after lung flush with Euro-Collins solution. Mitochondria were isolated from fresh lungs, from lungs submitted to 24 or 48 hr of cold ischemia, to 30 or 45 min of warm ischemia, and to 30 min of warm ischemia followed by 24 or 48 hr of cold ischemia. Mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation parameters were determined in isolated mitochondria by in vitro measurement of oxygen consumption. RESULTS: Relative to controls, mitochondria submitted to cold ischemia showed an alteration in the oxidoreductase activities of the respiratory chain but no membrane permeability alteration. After 48 hr of cold ischemia, there was a decrease in the yield of the oxidative phosphorylation. Thirty minutes of warm ischemia did not alter the mitochondrial respiratory parameters. However, lung submitted to 45 min of warm ischemia showed mitochondrial damage as a decrease in the oxidative phosphorylation efficiency and ADP availability but no change in the oxidoreductase activities. Relative to cold ischemia alone, 30 min of warm ischemia preceding cold ischemia promoted no significant change in the respiratory parameters. CONCLUSIONS: On bioenergetic basis, lung submitted to warm ischemia could be suitable for transplantation if the warm ischemia duration does not exceed 30 min. This could be a major concern in lung procurement from non-heart beating donors. [less ▲]

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See detailHistory is a fiction. Quentin Legrand talks with Johan Muyle and CarlHavelange
Havelange, Carl ULg

in Janus. Magazine on art and culture (2000), 2000(4), 7-13

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See detailLocalization of Nadph-Protochlorophyllide Reductase in Plastids of Barley at Different Greening Stages
Barthelemy, X.; Bouvier, G.; Radunz, A. et al

in Photosynthesis Research (2000), 64(1), 63-76

The localization of protochorophyllide (Pchlide) and of NADPH-protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase (POR, EC 1.6.99.1) within (etio)chloroplasts has been investigated at selected stages of greening of barley ... [more ▼]

The localization of protochorophyllide (Pchlide) and of NADPH-protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase (POR, EC 1.6.99.1) within (etio)chloroplasts has been investigated at selected stages of greening of barley seedlings. Pchlide pigment and POR protein contents were evaluated in different plastid membrane fractions by fluorescence spectroscopy and immunoblot analysis using a monospecific polyclonal antibody raised against the purified enzyme. Fluorescence analysis showed the presence of Pchlide in both the envelope and thylakoid membranes. During greening, the Pchlide content, expressed on a total protein basis, decreased in thylakoid membranes, whereas it increased in the envelope membranes. POR proteins were detected mainly in thylakoid membranes at early greening stages. In contrast, the weak amount of POR proteins was associated more specifically with envelope membranes of mature chloroplasts. Whatever the greening stage, thylakoid-bound Pchlide and POR proteins were more abundant in the thylakoid regions which remained unsolubilized after mild Triton treatment used as standard procedure to prepare PS II particles. This suggests the preferential association of Pchlide and POR to the appressed regions of thylakoids. [less ▲]

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See detailComment apprendre aux élèves à développer une démarche experte et réflexive de résolution de problèmes
Fagnant, Annick ULg; Demonty, Isabelle ULg; Lejong, Michèle ULg

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2000), (3-4), 51-65

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See detailQuelques considerations generales et rappels historiques a propos de la therapeutique.
Kulbertus, Henri ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2000), 55(4), 201-5

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See detailA clinical comparison of sumatriptan nasal spray and dihydroergotamine nasal spray in the acute treatment of migraine.
Boureau, F.; Kappos, L.; Schoenen, Jean ULg et al

in International Journal of Clinical Practice (2000), 54(5), 281-6

A multinational, multicentre, randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, crossover study (368 patients treating two attacks) was conducted to compare the efficacy and tolerability of sumatriptan nasal spray ... [more ▼]

A multinational, multicentre, randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, crossover study (368 patients treating two attacks) was conducted to compare the efficacy and tolerability of sumatriptan nasal spray (20 mg) with dihydroergotamine (DHE) nasal spray (1 mg plus optional 1 mg). At the primary efficacy time point of 60 minutes after dosing, significantly more patients obtained headache relief (change from moderate or severe to none or mild) after treatment with sumatriptan than with DHE (53% sumatriptan, 41% DHE, p < 0.001). Significantly more patients reported relief of nausea after sumatriptan than after DHE at 60 minutes (64% sumatriptan, 49% DHE, p = 0.006). A significant difference between the two treatments was first observed at 45 minutes with respect to both headache relief (38% sumatriptan, 31% DHE, p = 0.037) and relief of nausea (55% sumatriptan, 40% DHE, p = 0.014). There were no significant differences between the two treatments for other measures of efficacy. Both treatments were well tolerated, with only 10% of patients in each group reporting one or more adverse events. The most frequently reported adverse event after sumatriptan was a bad or bitter taste, which was reported by 5% of patients. After DHE, 4% of patients reported symptoms of the nasal cavity/sinuses and 3% reported nausea and/or vomiting as adverse events. It is concluded that sumatriptan nasal spray is superior to DHE nasal spray in the relief of pain and nausea associated with acute migraine headache. [less ▲]

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See detailRésultats d'une enquête internationale en mathématiques
Monseur, Christian ULg

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2000), (3-4), 13-20

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See detailTherapeutic and chemical developments of cholecystokinin receptor ligands
De Tullio, Pascal ULg; Delarge, J.; Pirotte, Bernard ULg

in Exp. Opin. Invest. Drugs (2000), 9

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See detailCloning and expression analysis of an inducible HSP70 gene from tilapia fish
Molina, Alfredo; Biemar, Frédéric; Muller, Ferenc et al

in FEBS Letters (2000), 474(1), 5-10

We isolated and characterized the tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) HSP70 gene, highly homologous to other HSP70 genes. A dramatic increase of tilapia HSP70 mRNA levels was observed after heat shock of ... [more ▼]

We isolated and characterized the tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) HSP70 gene, highly homologous to other HSP70 genes. A dramatic increase of tilapia HSP70 mRNA levels was observed after heat shock of whole animals in all organs tested. Reporter constructs were tested for transient expression in carp cells and in microinjected zebrafish embryos. The entire isolated regulatory region (-851/+157) was able to mediate heat shock inducible expression of the reporter gene, with no preference for a particular tissue. Our studies represent the first transcriptional analysis of a HSP70 promoter from fish, revealing a powerful tool to direct controlled, tissue-independent gene expression in fish. [less ▲]

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See detailQSO mass constraints from gravitational lensing studies of quasar pairs. The cases of Q1548+114 A & B and Q1148+0055 A & B
Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Lee, D.-W.; Remy, M. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2000), 356

New constraints on the mass of quasars are derived from gravitational lensing studies of the QSO pairs Q1548+114 A & B and Q1148+0055 A & B, for which new ground-based and Hubble Space Telescope (HST ... [more ▼]

New constraints on the mass of quasars are derived from gravitational lensing studies of the QSO pairs Q1548+114 A & B and Q1148+0055 A & B, for which new ground-based and Hubble Space Telescope (HST) direct imagery have been obtained. In the case of Q1548+114 A & B, QSO A has been resolved into its host galaxy and a close companion. The non-detection with HST of a secondary lensed image of the background QSO in the close vicinity of the foreground one and the modeling of the host of QSO A, of the companion and of field galaxies with Singular Isothermal Spheres (SIS) yield a robust upper limit on the central compact mass of 4.5 10[SUP]11[/SUP] M[SUB]sun[/SUB]. On the other hand, the combined mass of Q1148+0055 B plus host must be smaller than 6.5 10[SUP]11[/SUP] M[SUB]sun[/SUB] since no secondary lensed image has been detected with HST. Photometry and relative astrometry of all the detected objects are reported. Based on data collected with the Hubble Space Telescope and at the European Southern Observatory, La Silla, Chile [less ▲]

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See detailFrom neurophysiology to genetics: cortical information processing in migraine underlies familial influences--a novel approach
Sandor, P. S.; Afra, J.; Proietti Cecchini, A. P. et al

in Functional Neurology (2000), 15(Suppl 3), 68-72

Migraine patients show impaired cortical information processing between attacks with deficient habituation of pattern-reversal visual evoked potentials (VEP), and strong intensity dependence of auditory ... [more ▼]

Migraine patients show impaired cortical information processing between attacks with deficient habituation of pattern-reversal visual evoked potentials (VEP), and strong intensity dependence of auditory cortical evoked potentials (IDAP). This could be a genetic trait as certain genetic patterns are known for evoked potentials in healthy subjects. VEP-habituation and IDAP were studied in 40 migraine patients, i.e. pairs of 20 parents and their children. We developed a novel approach based on Monte Carlo statistics to selectively assess vertical familial influences. Both groups, parents and children, were characterized by abnormal VEP-habituation and IDAP. However, similarity between related pairs was far more pronounced than similarity between unrelated pairs. Assessed with a novel statistical approach, familial influences proved to be highly significant in determining cortical information processing in migraineurs, thus supporting the important role of genetic factors. [less ▲]

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See detailPortée heuristique des analyses de la territorialité et méthodes de mise en évidence des teritoires.
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2000), 39

The territory is in vogue in the French speaking geography. However there is no consensus about the concepts of territory and territoriality. What are the potential contributions of theses researches to a ... [more ▼]

The territory is in vogue in the French speaking geography. However there is no consensus about the concepts of territory and territoriality. What are the potential contributions of theses researches to a peopole and environment science ? What are the different ways to determine these territories ? Through French-English-and German speaking authors this paper suggests some answers to these questions. [less ▲]

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See detailL'entérotoxémie bovine en Belgique. II. Epizootiologie élémentaire et pathologie descriptive.
Manteca, Christophe; Daube, Georges ULg; Jauniaux, Thierry ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2000), 145

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See detailRespiration As The Main Determinant Of Carbon Balance In European Forests
Valentini, R.; Matteucci, G.; Dolman, Aj. et al

in Nature (2000), 404(6780),

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See detailTraitement des cephalees de tension
Schoenen, Jean ULg

in Revue Neurologique (2000), 156(Suppl 4), 487-92

The scientific basis of tension- type headache suffers from the lack of precise pathophysiological knowledge and the heterogenecity of this disorder. Treatment of acute tension-type headache episodes is ... [more ▼]

The scientific basis of tension- type headache suffers from the lack of precise pathophysiological knowledge and the heterogenecity of this disorder. Treatment of acute tension-type headache episodes is more effective with an NSAIDs (ibuprofen 400-800mg, naproxen 550-825mg, ketoprofen 50-75mg) than with aspirin or paracetamol. Caffein containing preparations of NSAIDs are slightly superior, but should not be taken frequently to avoid headache chronification. For chronic tension-type headache, relaxation therapies with EMG biofeedback and tricyclics have about the same efficacy rate of 40-50p.100. Physical therapy and acupuncture are in general less effective. There is thus clearly a need for better strategies, e.g. combination of available therapies and novel approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailA potent diazoxide analogue activating ATP-sensitive K+ channels and inhibiting insulin release
Lebrun, P.; Arkhammar, P.; Antoine, M.-H. et al

in Diabetologia (2000), 43

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See detailMieux connaître la forêt privée. Appel aux propriétaires.
Rondeux, Jacques ULg; Bourland, Nils ULg

in Silva Belgica (2000), 107(1), 28-29

Dans le cadre de l'appui scientifique à l'Inventaire permanent des Ressources ligneuses de Wallonie, l'Unité de Gestion et Economie forestières (Prof. J. RONDEUX) de la Faculté universitaire des Sciences ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre de l'appui scientifique à l'Inventaire permanent des Ressources ligneuses de Wallonie, l'Unité de Gestion et Economie forestières (Prof. J. RONDEUX) de la Faculté universitaire des Sciences agronomiques de Gembloux (FUSAGx) a été chargée de compléter l'information générale relative à la forêt privée, en particulier pour mieux identifier son degré de morcellement et l'évolution attendue de celui-ci dans un avenir proche. Ce travail est réalisé en étroite collaboration avec la Cellule Inventaire des Ressources ligneuses Wallonnes (Ir. H. LECOMTE) et bénéficie du soutien de la Société Royale Forestière de Belgique. [less ▲]

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See detailL'éclairage : à nouveaux critères, nouveaux outils de mesure, de calcul et de simulation
Eugène, Christian; Rombauts, Patrick; Embrechts, Jean-Jacques ULg et al

in Revue de l'Electricité et de l'Electronique (2000), 7

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See detailCrossing a "Human River of Shattered Lives": Caryl Phillips's Diasporic Fiction/Visions
Ledent, Bénédicte ULg

in Literary Criterion (2000), 35(1-2), 157-169

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See detailCaractéristiques spermatiques des taureaux de race Borgou au Bénin
Adamou N'Diaye, M.; Gbangboche, A.B.; Adjovi, A. et al

in Annales des Sciences Agronomiques du Bénin (2000), 2

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See detailLa sécurité des filières agro-alimentaires : de l'éthique à l'étiquette.
Sindic, Marianne ULg

in Cahiers Agricultures (2000), 9

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See detailDeletion Analogues Of Transportan
Soomets, U.; Lindgren, M.; Gallet, X. et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Biomembranes (2000), 1467(1), 165-76

Several shorter analogues of the cell penetrating peptide, transportan, have been synthesized in order to define the regions of the sequence, which are responsible for the membrane translocation property ... [more ▼]

Several shorter analogues of the cell penetrating peptide, transportan, have been synthesized in order to define the regions of the sequence, which are responsible for the membrane translocation property of the peptide. Penetration of the peptides into Bowes melanoma cells and the influence on GTPase activity in Rin m5F cellular membranes have been tested. The experimental data on cell penetration have been compared with molecular modeling of insertion of peptides into biological membranes. Omission of six amino acids from the N-terminus did not significantly impair the cell penetration of the peptide while deletions at the C-terminus or in the middle of the transportan sequence decreased or abolished the cellular uptake. Most transportan analogues exert an inhibitory effect on GTPase activity. Molecular modeling shows that insertion of the transportan analogues into the membrane differs for different peptides. Probably the length of the peptide as well as the location of aromatic and positively charged residues have major impact on the orientation of peptides in the membranes and thereby influence the cellular penetration. In summary, we have designed and characterized several novel short transportan analogues with similar cellular translocation properties to the parent peptide, but with reduced undesired cellular activity. [less ▲]

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See detailMicroscopic model of ferroelectricity in stress-free PbTiO3 ultrathin films
Ghosez, Philippe ULg; Rabe, K. M.

in Applied Physics Letters (2000), 76(19), 2767-2769

The ground-state polarization of PbTiO3 thin films is studied using a microscopic effective Hamiltonian with parameters obtained from first-principles calculations. Under short-circuit electrical boundary ... [more ▼]

The ground-state polarization of PbTiO3 thin films is studied using a microscopic effective Hamiltonian with parameters obtained from first-principles calculations. Under short-circuit electrical boundary conditions, (001) films with thickness as low as three unit cells are found to have a perpendicularly polarized ferroelectric ground state with significant enhancement of the polarization at the surface. (C) 2000 American Institute of Physics. [S0003- 6951(00)02119-7]. [less ▲]

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See detailGenetic Determinants Of Bovine Leukemia Virus Pathogenesis
Willems, Luc ULg; Burny, A.; Collete, Delphine et al

in Aids Research and Human Retroviruses (2000), 16(16), 1787-95

The understanding of HTLV-induced disease is hampered by the lack of a suitable animal model allowing the study of both viral replication and leukemogenesis in vivo. Although valuable information has been ... [more ▼]

The understanding of HTLV-induced disease is hampered by the lack of a suitable animal model allowing the study of both viral replication and leukemogenesis in vivo. Although valuable information has been obtained in different species, such as rabbits, mice, rats, and monkeys, none of these systems was able to conciliate topics as different as viral infectivity, propagation within the host, and generation of leukemic cells. An alternate strategy is based on the understanding of diseases induced by viruses closely related to HTLV-1, like bovine leukemia virus (BLV). Both viruses indeed belong to the same subfamily of retroviruses, harbor a similar genomic organization, and infect and transform cells of the hematopoietic system. The main advantage of the BLV system is that it allows direct experimentation in two different species, cattle and sheep. [less ▲]

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See detailInfo-congres. L'etude "MIRACL" ou "Myocardial Ischemia Reduction with Aggressive Cholesterol Lowering".
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2000), 55(12), 1064-6

The results of the "MIRACL" trial ("Myocardial Ischemia Reduction with Aggressive Cholesterol Lowering") were presented at the recent annual meeting of the American Heart Association in New Orleans last ... [more ▼]

The results of the "MIRACL" trial ("Myocardial Ischemia Reduction with Aggressive Cholesterol Lowering") were presented at the recent annual meeting of the American Heart Association in New Orleans last November 2000. This study demonstrates that atorvastatin, at a daily dose of 80 mg starting within the first 24 to 96 hours after an acute coronary event (unstable angina or non-Q-wave acute myocardial infarction) and maintained for 4 months, improves the cardiovascular prognosis by decreasing the combined risk of death (any cause), nonfatal myocardial infarction, resuscitated cardiac arrest and worsening angina with new objective evidence of ischemia requiring urgent hospitalization (-16% versus placebo, p < 0.05). [less ▲]

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See detailEvolution des connaissances sur la membrane du globule gras du lait: synthese bibliographique.
Danthine, Sabine ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Paquot, Michel ULg et al

in Lait (2000), 80(2), 209-222

The milk fat globule is essentially an oil droplet enclosed in a protective 'membrane', partially derived from the plasma membrane of the lactating cell, and which assures the dispersion of the milk fat ... [more ▼]

The milk fat globule is essentially an oil droplet enclosed in a protective 'membrane', partially derived from the plasma membrane of the lactating cell, and which assures the dispersion of the milk fat in the milk plasma. This protective coat is generally called 'the milk fat globule membrane' (MFGM). This review examines the present state of knowledge on the MFGM. The topics dealt with are: origin and formation, isolation From milk, composition (lipids and proteins), structure (a new model is proposed), functional properties and the role that the MFGM plays in protection against lipolysis. [less ▲]

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See detailL'humanisme face au terrorisme
Seron, Vincent ULg

in Cahiers de défense sociale (2000)

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See detailElectrophysiological behavior of Purkinje cells and motor coordination in calretinin knock-out mice
Cheron, Guy; Schurmans, Stéphane ULg; Lohof, Ann et al

in Progress in Brain Research (2000), 124

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See detailFetal renal artery flow and renal echogenicity in the chronically hypoxic state.
Suranyi, Andrea; Streitman, Karoly; Pal, Attila et al

in Pediatric Nephrology : Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association (2000), 14(5), 393-399

The object of this study was to investigate the fetal renal arterial blood flow in normal and hyperechogenic kidneys during the third trimester of gestation. The pregnancies screened were all chronically ... [more ▼]

The object of this study was to investigate the fetal renal arterial blood flow in normal and hyperechogenic kidneys during the third trimester of gestation. The pregnancies screened were all chronically hypoxic. Depending on the etiology of the intrauterine chronic hypoxia, the cases were divided into two study groups. Group I comprised 120 pregnant women with pregnancy-associated hypertension and/or proteinuria. Group II consisted of 87 pregnancies with intrauterine growth retardation. Both study groups included pregnant women from the third trimester. Hyperechogenic renal medullae were detected in 15 out of 120 cases with pregnancy-associated hypertension and/or proteinuria, and in 22 fetuses of the 87 pregnancies involving intrauterine growth retardation. Fetal renal hyperechogenicity appears to be an indicator of fetal arterial circulatory depression, correlated with pathological changes in the resistance index for the fetal renal arteries. The fetal renal arterial blood flow resistance index was significantly lower in hyperechogenic cases. This may also be an in utero indication of subsequent intrauterine and neonatal complications, such as cesarean section because of fetal distress (43%), treatment in a neonatal intensive care unit (51%) or increased perinatal mortality (5.4%, as compared with 0.8-1.0% in the normal population). Detailed ultrasound and Doppler examinations of renal parenchyma and arteries appear to be useful methods in the prenatal diagnosis of reduced renal perfusion and of intrauterine hypoxia to detect possible pathological fetal conditions in utero. [less ▲]

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See detailEvidence For Specific And Non-Covalent Binding Of Lipids To Natural And Recombinant Mycobacterium Bovis Bcg Hsp60 Proteins, And To The Escherichia Coli Homologue Groel
De Bruyn, J.; Soetaert, K.; Buyssens, P. et al

in Microbiology-Sgm (2000), 146

Heat-shock proteins (Hsps) from various origins are known to share a conserved structure and are assumed to be key partners in the biogenesis of proteins. Fractionation of the mycobacterial Hsp60, a 65 ... [more ▼]

Heat-shock proteins (Hsps) from various origins are known to share a conserved structure and are assumed to be key partners in the biogenesis of proteins. Fractionation of the mycobacterial Hsp60, a 65 kDa protein also called Cpn60, from Mycobacterium bovis BCG zinc-deficient culture filtrate on phenyl-Sepharose followed by Western blotting revealed the existence of four Hsp60-1 and Hsp60-2 forms, based on their hydrophobicity behaviour. Hsp60-2 species were further purified by ion-exchange chromatography and partial amino acid sequences of cyanogen bromide (CNBr) peptides of purified Hsp60-2 species showed identity with the amino acid sequence deduced from the hsp60-2 gene, indicating that the various Hsp60-2 forms are encoded by the same gene. In addition, the mycobacterial Hsp60-2 was overexpressed in E. coli using the pRR3Hsp60-2 plasmid and analysed on phenyl-Sepharose. The elution pattern of the recombinant Hsp60-2, as well as that of Escherichia coli GroEL, was similar to that of the native Hsp60-2 from the culture filtrate of M. bovis BCG and entirely different from that of the mycobacterial antigen 85. Extraction of mycobacterial Hsp60-2 forms, recombinant BCG Hsp60-2 and E. coli GroEL with organic solvents releases various amounts of non-covalently bound lipids. The presence of lipids on Hsp60-2 was confirmed by labelling M. bovis BCG with radioactive palmitate. The radioactivity was specifically associated with Hsp60 in the aqueous phase and the 19 and 38 kDa lipoproteins in the Triton X-114 phase. Analysis of the lipids extracted from purified Hsp60-2, recombinant BCG Hsp60-2 and E. coli GroEL by TLC showed the same pattern for all the samples. Acid methanolysis of the lipids followed by GC analysis led to the identification of C(16:0), C(18:0) and C(18:1) as the major fatty acyl constituents, and of methylglycoside in these proteins. Altogether, these data demonstrate that lipids are non-covalently bound to Hsp60-2 and homologous proteins. [less ▲]

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See detailTilted Peptides: A Motif For Membrane Destabilization (Hypothesis)
Brasseur, Robert ULg

in Molecular Membrane Biology (2000), 17(1), 31-40

Cell life depends on the dynamics of molecular processes: molecule folding, organelle building and transformations involving membrane fusion, protein activation and degradation. To carry out these ... [more ▼]

Cell life depends on the dynamics of molecular processes: molecule folding, organelle building and transformations involving membrane fusion, protein activation and degradation. To carry out these processes, the hydrophilic/hydrophobic interfaces of amphipathic systems such as membranes and native proteins must be disrupted. In the past decade, protein fragments acting in the disruption of interfaces have been evidenced: they are named the tilted or oblique peptides. Due to a peculiar distribution of hydrophobicity, they can disrupt hydrophobicity interfaces. Tilted peptides should be present in many proteins involved in various stages of cell life. This hypothesis overviews their discovery, describes how they are detected and discusses how they could be involved in dynamic biological processes. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-energy forward scattering and the pomeron: Simple pole versus unitarized models
Cudell, Jean-René ULg; Ezhela, V.; Kang, K. et al

in Physical Review. D : Particles and Fields (2000), 61

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See detailLa grippe: de la prevention vaccinale au traitement antiviral.
Nkoghe, D.; Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2000), 55(1), 19-23

Influenza is a highly infectious disease responsible for dangerous epidemics, especially in patients at high risk. The vaccine exerts a valuable protective effect estimated up to 70% and is still ... [more ▼]

Influenza is a highly infectious disease responsible for dangerous epidemics, especially in patients at high risk. The vaccine exerts a valuable protective effect estimated up to 70% and is still considered as the key-approach against influenza. Antiviral agents of the first generation (amantadine, rimantadine, ribavirine) have limited use because of poor tolerance and occurrence of resistance. Zanamivir or Relenza, marketed by Glaxo Wellcome, is a new virostatic drug acting as a neuraminidase inhibitor. It prevents the release of new viruses and so stop the propagation of the infection. It must be taken orally by inhalation within 48 hours after the onset of symptoms. The treatment lasts 5 days (10 mg twice daily). Its efficacy has been demonstrated in controlled clinical trials, and its tolerance is generally excellent. However, caution is recommended in patients with asthma and chronic bronchitis because of the potential risk of bronchoconstriction. No resistance has been detected until now. Zanamivir is active on all strains of influenza A and B viruses. [less ▲]

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See detailExample of application of the new strategy proposed for the validation of chromatographic bioanalytical methods
Chapuzet, E.; Mercier, N.; Bervoas-Martin, S. et al

in STP Pharma Pratiques (2000), 10(2), 79-101

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See detailThe Bureaucracy of Crime : J. G. Ballard’s Cocaine Nights and the Speculative Thriller
Delville, Michel ULg

in Analele Universităţii Oradea - Seria Filologie, Fascicola Limba şi literatura (2000), 8

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See detailIntégration du transfert de rugosité à un modèle de laminage à froid
Collette, Caroline; Counhaye, Christian; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Revue de Métallurgie [=Revue de Métallurgie. Cahiers d'Informations Techniques] (2000)

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See detailLe mélèze, un atout dans les objectifs de diversification de notre sylviculture.
Pauwels, Dominique; Rondeux, Jacques ULg

in Silva Belgica (2000), 107(2), 6-12

Le présent article s'attachera à présenter l'essence, son tempérament, son écologie, quelques critères permettant d'orienter le choix de la station et de l'espèce ainsi que les qualités et usages qu'on ... [more ▼]

Le présent article s'attachera à présenter l'essence, son tempérament, son écologie, quelques critères permettant d'orienter le choix de la station et de l'espèce ainsi que les qualités et usages qu'on peut en attendre. Cette présentation ne se veut pas exhaustive, elle est volontairement destinée à l'usage pratique des gestionnaires et propriétaires forestiers désireux de planter du mélèze. [less ▲]

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See detailPharma-clinics. Le medicament du mois. La moxonidine (Moxon).
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2000), 55(1), 61-3

Moxonidine (Moxon, Solvay Pharma) is the first member of a new class of centrally-acting antihypertensive agents. The selective activation of central I1 imidazoline receptors results in an inhibition of ... [more ▼]

Moxonidine (Moxon, Solvay Pharma) is the first member of a new class of centrally-acting antihypertensive agents. The selective activation of central I1 imidazoline receptors results in an inhibition of peripheral sympathetic activity and produces arterial vasodilatation. Moxonidine is indicated in the treatment of essential arterial hypertension, at a usual daily dose of 0.4 mg (initial dose of 0.2 mg/day), in one administration per day. Its tolerance profile is better than that of other centrally-acting antihypertensive agents which stimulate alpha-2 adrenergic receptors, and similar to that of medications of other classes. As monotherapy, the antihypertensive efficacy of moxonidine is similar to that of most other antihypertensive agents. In case of insufficient response, moxonidine may be associated with other antihypertensive compounds, which leads to a better efficacy with no deterioration of its good tolerance profile. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of grade on disease-free survival and overall survival in FIGO Stage I adenocarcinoma of the endometrium.
Delaloye, J-F; Pampallona, S; COUCKE, Philippe ULg et al

in European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology & Reproductive Biology (2000), 88

Abstract Objective : To analyse the effect of differentiation on disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with stage I adenocarcinoma of the endometrium. Patients and methods ... [more ▼]

Abstract Objective : To analyse the effect of differentiation on disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with stage I adenocarcinoma of the endometrium. Patients and methods : From 1979 to 1995, 350 patients with FIGO stage IA–IC with well (G1), moderately (G2) or poorly (G3) differentiated tumors were treated with surgery and high dose-rate brachytherapy with or without external radiation. Median age was 65 years (39–86 years). Results : The 5-year DFS was 8863% for the G1 tumors, 7764% for the G2 tumors, and 6767% for the G3 tumors (P50.0049). With regard to the events contributing to DFS, the 5-year cumulative percentage of local relapse was 4.6% for the G1 tumors, 9.0% for the G2 tumors, and 4.6% (P50.027) for the G3 tumors. Cumulative percentage of metastasis was 1.4, 6.3 and 7.2% (P,0.001), respectively, whereas percentages of death were 6.0, 7.9 and 20.7% (P,0.001). The 5-year OS was 9163, 8364 and 7667%, respectively (P50.0018). In terms of multivariate hazard ratios (HR), the relative differences between the three differentiation groups correspond to an increase of 77% of the risk of occurrence of either of the three events considered for the DFS (HR51.77, 95% Cl [0.94–3.33]), (P50.078) for the G2 tumors and of 163% (HR52.63, 95% Cl [1.27–5.43]), (P50.009) for the G3 tumors with respect to the G1 tumors. The estimated relative hazards for OS are, respectively, in line with those for DFS: HR51.51 (P50.282) for the G2 tumors; and HR53.37 (P50.003) for the G3 tumors. Conclusion : Patients with grade 1 tumors are those least exposed to either local relapse, metastasis, or death. In contrast patients with grade 2 tumors seem to be at higher risk of metastasis, whereas patients with grade 3 tumors appear at higher risk of death. Since we have looked at the first of three competing events (local relapse, metastasis and death), this suggests that patients with grade 3 tumors probably progress to death so fast that local relapse, if any, cannot be observed. Ó 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLe maître de Waha : un exemple de développement durable
Van Ruymbeke, Muriel ULg

in De la Meuse à l'Ardenne (2000), (31), 104-106

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See detailLa lecture, un ouvrage féminin: Enquête sur les pratiques de lecture auprès des jeunes de14-15 ans en Communauté française de Belgique
Lafontaine, Dominique ULg; Schillings, Patricia ULg

in Enjeux : Revue de Formation Continuée et de Didactique du Français (2000), 47-48

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See detailIron Oxidation and Deposition in the Biofilm Covering Montacuta ferruginosa (Mollusca, Bivalvia).
Gillan, D.; Warnau, M.; De Vrind-De Jong, E. W. et al

in Geomicrobiology Journal (2000), 17(2), 141-150

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See detailBladder endometriosis must be considered as bladder adenomyosis
Donnez, Jacques; Spada, Francesca; Squifflet, Jean et al

in Fertility and Sterility (2000), 74(6), 1175-1181

Objective: To present data from a series of 17 cases of bladder endometriosis. Design: Clinical study. Setting: A university hospital department of gynecology. Patient(s): Seventeen patients complaining ... [more ▼]

Objective: To present data from a series of 17 cases of bladder endometriosis. Design: Clinical study. Setting: A university hospital department of gynecology. Patient(s): Seventeen patients complaining of menstrual urinary symptoms and/or pelvic pain. Intervention(s): Diagnosis and resection of a bladder adenomyotic nodule. Main Outcome Measure(s): Histologic analysis and postsurgical outcome. Result(s): Seventy-six percent of the patients reported menstrual mictalgia and pollakiuria, and 88% reported dysmenorrhea and dyspareunia. Cystoscopy, intravenous pyelography, and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a nodular mass in the anterior fornix adjacent to the uterine wall, developed in the vesical muscularis and involving the vesical mucosa in all cases but one. The bladder nodule was associated with a rectovaginal nodule in six cases (35%). Because recurrence was noted soon after cessation of medical therapy, surgical excision was proposed. The vesical mucosa was found to be intact in almost all cases, so extramucosal laparoscopic excision was the method of choice. Histologic examination proved that 90% of the nodule consisted of smooth muscle hyperplasia. Conclusion(s): So-called bladder endometriosis is actually an adenomyotic nodule of the bladder which, from a histologic point of view, is similar to a rectovaginal adenomyotic nodule and frequently (35%) associated with it. [less ▲]

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See detailLe principe de precaution et l'obligation d'action medicale
Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg

in Bulletin de l'Académie Nationale de Médecine (2000), 184(5), 937-43943-4

Since Antiquity, medicine has been based upon the principle of prudence. In recent years, the principle of precaution has stolen over the medical conscience and has especially been forced on doctors under ... [more ▼]

Since Antiquity, medicine has been based upon the principle of prudence. In recent years, the principle of precaution has stolen over the medical conscience and has especially been forced on doctors under pressure from a Society searching for a new Holy Grail; the utopia of zero risk and the fear for magical power of an omnipotent medicine. The principle of precaution should be capable of warding off all these evils of techno-scientific progress applied to Health. Thus, in a few years, a new norm has established itself first for the environment but which has today extended to the domain of medical decisions. It is essential that the medical authorities attract the attention of politics and of the judiciary to the dangers of blindly transposing the principle of precaution in ecology to the world of medicine. The risks of deviation are numerous, the eventual perverse effects would be detrimental to patients and health security would be endangered by paralysis and conservatism. Medicine is neither the Art of Curing nor the Art of not Harming, ... it is the Art of Caring! ... [less ▲]

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See detailDe l'inapplicabilite de certaines recommandations therapeutiques en pratique: l'exemple du remboursement des medicaments hypolipidemiants en Belgique.
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2000), 55(4), 260-4

International guidelines from the Task Force of European and other Societies on Coronary Prevention and national guidelines from the Belgian Lipid Club recently emphasized the potential interest of ... [more ▼]

International guidelines from the Task Force of European and other Societies on Coronary Prevention and national guidelines from the Belgian Lipid Club recently emphasized the potential interest of adequate management of patients with even moderate hypercholesterolaemia. However, current criteria for the reimbursement of lipid-lowering drugs in Belgium do not allow to follow these guidelines. A solution should be urgently found in order to bridge the gap and permit practitioners, after diet failure, to effectively prescribe lipid-lowering agents in patients who should benefit in priority of such a treatment. It is certainly the case in secondary prevention as well as, in high risk individuals, in primary prevention, i.e. in situations where these drugs have provided enough evidence of their efficacy with an acceptable cost-benefit ratio. [less ▲]

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See detailL’intégration de l’estompage dans les spatiocartes
Donnay, Jean-Paul ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2000), 38

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See detailLa rémunération de base de l'apprenti victime d'un accident du travail
Michiels, Olivier ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2000), 25

L'article s'attache à la notion de "rémunération de base" de l'apprenti victime d'un accident du travail.

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See detailL'etude clinique du mois. L'etude STOP-2 dans l'hypertension arterielle du sujet age.
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2000), 55(1), 64-6

After the demonstration of the efficacy of beta-blockers or diuretics versus placebo to prevent cardiovascular complications in elderly hypertensive patients in the first STOP-Hypertension study in 1991 ... [more ▼]

After the demonstration of the efficacy of beta-blockers or diuretics versus placebo to prevent cardiovascular complications in elderly hypertensive patients in the first STOP-Hypertension study in 1991, a Swedish group published at the end of 1999 the STOP-2 Hypertension study. The latter randomised trial showed in a similar population that the cardiovascular protection of more recent antihypertensive agents such as calcium antagonists and angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors is similar to that of the conventional antihypertensive drugs used in the first study. In fact, the degree of blood pressure control appears to be more important than the type of antihypertensive drugs used, and this conclusion is reinforced by the observation that numerous patients should rapidly be treated by more than one antihypertensive agent to reach blood pressure targets. [less ▲]

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See detailProbing Organization and Structural Characteristics of Alkanethiols Adsorbed on Gold and of Model Alkane Compounds through their Valence Electronic Structure: an Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy Study
Duwez, Anne-Sophie ULg; Pfister-Guillouzo, G.; Delhalle, Joseph et al

in Journal of Physical Chemistry B (2000), 104

In this paper we report an ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) study of saturated alkane chains in various configurations and conformations. The dependence of the valence spectra on molecular ... [more ▼]

In this paper we report an ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) study of saturated alkane chains in various configurations and conformations. The dependence of the valence spectra on molecular structure characteristics has been assessed by comparing the results obtained from n-alkanethiol, R,ö-alkanedithiol, and R-cycloalkyl-ö-alkanethiol monolayers adsorbed on gold, and from gas-phase model alkane compounds. The differences between the spectra reflect directly the structural changes induced in the electronic structure of the alkane chains. We have determined the type of folding sequences adopted in a 1,12-dodecanedithiol monolayer. Angular dependent measurements and investigations on the photoelectron attenuation length have evidenced very fine structural differences between films obtained on deposited gold films, annealed gold films, and gold single crystals [less ▲]

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See detailBeta-radiation for coronary in-stent restenosis
Latchem, D-R; Urban, P; Goy, JJ et al

in Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions (2000), 51(4), 422-429

To determine the feasibility and safety of an intracoronary beta-radiation device in preventing the recurrence of in-stent restenosis (ISR) after successful angioplasty, we studied 37 patients treated ... [more ▼]

To determine the feasibility and safety of an intracoronary beta-radiation device in preventing the recurrence of in-stent restenosis (ISR) after successful angioplasty, we studied 37 patients treated with beta-radiation (30-mm strontium-90 source) after angioplasty. The mean reference diameter was 2.9 ± 0.5 mm, and 62% of lesions were diffuse, including four total occlusions. Beta-radiation was successfully delivered in 36 of 37 (97%) cases. Over the course of 7.1 ± 4.5 mo follow-up, there were no myocardial infarctions and three deaths: one from preexisting malignancy, one from progressive cardiac failure, and one from sudden cardiac death. Target vessel revascularization (TVR) was performed in seven of 36 (19%) patients. Thirty patients underwent angiography at 6 mo; three (10%) experienced restenosis (diameter stenosis > 50%) at the target site, four (13%) had edge stenoses, and two (7%) had late (> 1 mo) thrombotic occlusions. Beta-radiation for ISR is associated with encouragingly low rates of target lesion restenosis and TVR. Further improvements are needed to solve the limitations of the edge effect and late occlusion. [less ▲]

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See detailL'appareil aptychial chez les ammonoïdes.
Pierard, Sébastien ULg; Franchimont, Claudine ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Association des Géologues Amateurs de Belgique Minibul (2000), 33

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See detailStrong decays of the glueball in a scaled effective Lagrangian
Jaminon, Martine ULg; Mathot, Michel ULg; Van den Bossche, Bruno

in Nuclear Physics A (2000), 662

We calculate the scalar glueball decays into pipi, etaeta, etaeta' and KK within a modified version of the NJL model which implements the QCD trace anomaly. The glueball is assumed to be the f0(1500). It ... [more ▼]

We calculate the scalar glueball decays into pipi, etaeta, etaeta' and KK within a modified version of the NJL model which implements the QCD trace anomaly. The glueball is assumed to be the f0(1500). It is coupled to the quarks due to its mixing with the scalar isoscalar mesons. The decay widths then contain a contribution coming from the triangle Feynman diagram. Moreover, they contain two additional contributions corresponding to the local decay of the glue component of the f0(1500): one comes from the process of regularization of the quark loop, the other from the interaction term a2chi2phgr2. Except for the etaeta' case, this local decay reduces the value of the width. The axial anomaly is introduced via a mass term for the eta'. As far as the lightest scalar glueball is identified with the f0(1500), the model cannot reproduce at the same time the dynamical properties of scalars and pseudoscalars. Since we do not include a model of confinement, we need to use a large quark mass (725 MeV) in our calculations. This leads to unphysical results for the two-pion decay width. A definitive test of our model awaits the introduction of a model of confinement, which we hope to include in a future work. [less ▲]

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See detailDescription de cas de chondrodystrophie dans trois exploitations de poulets label
Korsak, Nicolas; Marlier, Didier ULg; Mathieu, F. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2000), 144(6), 415-420

The present paper describes chondrodystrophy (perosis) in three poultry units producing labelled chickens. An unilateral deviation of a hind leg along with a tumefaction of the tarsal joint appeared in 4 ... [more ▼]

The present paper describes chondrodystrophy (perosis) in three poultry units producing labelled chickens. An unilateral deviation of a hind leg along with a tumefaction of the tarsal joint appeared in 4-day- to 4-week-old birds; 5 to 50% of the animals were affected. The growth rate was reduced and cachexia was also observed. There were also breast blisters. Chemical analyses were carried out on the poultry feed in two of the units. The manganese content was below the requirements at about 35 mg/kg; in one unit, the ionic balance (Na+K-Cl) was insufficient along with a too narrow Ca/P. The insufficient supply in manganese was corrected by the addition of manganese sulfate in water at a rate of 120 g/litre of water. Manganese sulfate was also added in the feedstuff at a rate of 120 g/ton. [less ▲]

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See detailMesure de la pression artérielle en dehors du cabinet médical: intérêts et limites
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Saint-Remy, Annie ULg

in Revue Médecine Générale (2000), 176

Standardized blood pressure self measurement with approved devices allows the patient's involvement in the diagnosis and provides information on various parameters.

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See detailEffet du couvert forestier sur la précison d'un système de positionnement global différentiel (dGPS)
Lejeune, Philippe ULg; Hellemans, Philippe

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2000), 4(1), 41-49

Effect of forest canopy on the accuracy of a differential global positioning system (dGPS). The possibilities to use dGPS for forest mapping are analysed. The efficiency of dGPS in forest condition is ... [more ▼]

Effect of forest canopy on the accuracy of a differential global positioning system (dGPS). The possibilities to use dGPS for forest mapping are analysed. The efficiency of dGPS in forest condition is linked to canopy interference, which intercepts signals sent by some of the satellites or reflect them (multipathing). Two types of equipment have been tested : a TrimbleTM Svee Six coupled with a RDS differential receiver and a Trimble SK8 coupled with an OMNISTAR differential receiver. Recordings have been achieved according to two modes : static (recording on one spot during one minute) and cinematic (moving continuously along the stand limits). Two types of forest canopy were compared : light canopy made of young poplar plantation with few obstacles in the vicinity, and closed canopy of mature spruce stand edged with other mature stand. Cinematic mode efficiency is higher than static one (mean errors are respectively 3.1 m and 9.1 m). In the same way positioning is more accurate for the stand with light canopy than for the other one (mean errors are respectively 2.9 m and 9.4 m). Difference between recording modes are probably due to multipathing effect that filtering algorithm integrated in the GPS receivers are not able to remove in static mode. The efficiency of differential signal reception is also different for the two stands : 1.3 % and 20.5 % of missing differential signal respectively in the light and dense canopy conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailInterplay of anisotropy and competing correlated pinning mechanisms in the angular dependence of the irreversible magnetization of YBa2Cu3O7 crystals
Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Civale, L.

in Physica C: Superconductivity (2000), 341(Part 2), 1227-1228

We measured the angular dependence of the irreversible magnetization of a YBa2Cu3O7 single crystal with columnar defects (CD) inclined with respect to the c-axis. At temperatures T greater than or equal ... [more ▼]

We measured the angular dependence of the irreversible magnetization of a YBa2Cu3O7 single crystal with columnar defects (CD) inclined with respect to the c-axis. At temperatures T greater than or equal to 40K and high fields we observe a sharp maximum centered at the tracks' direction. At T less than or equal to 20K the behavior is quite different. At high fields a broad bump at the tracks' direction is still visible, but its height is small and it appears only as a perturbation to the angular dependence due to material anisotropy. However, by performing the usual anisotropic rescaling (Blatter et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 875, 1992) we recover the strong unidirectional effects due to CD's. [less ▲]

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See detailÀ la recherche de l'«art public» dans les villes de la Mésopotamie
Tunca, Önhan ULg

in Art&Fact (2000), 19

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See detailSerotonergic-1a activity and contingent negative variation.
Hansenne, Michel ULg; Pitchot, William ULg; Pinto, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Biological Psychology (2000), 52(3), 259-65

While cholinergic, dopaminergic, noradrenergic, and gabaergic effects on contingent negative variation (CNV) have been largely described, little is known about serotonergic influence. Therefore, the ... [more ▼]

While cholinergic, dopaminergic, noradrenergic, and gabaergic effects on contingent negative variation (CNV) have been largely described, little is known about serotonergic influence. Therefore, the relationship between CNV and serotonergic activity as reflected by prolactin (PRL) response to flesinoxan, a 5-HT(1A) full agonist, has been investigated in 28 healthy volunteers. To investigate the clinical implications of the relationship between CNV and serotonergic-1a activity, a group of 43 depressed patients was included in the study. Results among healthy volunteers showed a significant negative relationship between PRL response to flesinoxan and CNV amplitude at Fz, but no relationship for the other electrodes (Cz and Pz). In depressed patients, the relationships were not significant. Overall, this study does not support serotonergic effects on CNV. However, this information is indirect (correlations) and is limited to 5-HT(1A) activity. [less ▲]

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See detailTransition rates of the resonance line doublet in the Cl I sequence, Ar II to Ge XVI
Biémont, Emile ULg; Träbert, E.

in Journal of Physics : B Atomic Molecular & Optical Physics (2000), 33

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See detailComment utiliser l'hypnose en anesthésie
Faymonville, Marie ULg; Joris, Jean ULg; Lamy, Maurice ULg

in Praticien en Anesthésie Réanimation (Le) (2000), 4(6), 345-348

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See detailAuditory processing in the vegetative state.
Laureys, Steven ULg; Faymonville, Marie ULg; Degueldre, Christian ULg et al

in Brain : A Journal of Neurology (2000), 123 ( Pt 8)

H(2)(15)O-PET was used to investigate changes in regional cerebral blood flow in response to auditory stimulation in patients in the vegetative state. Five patients in a vegetative state of hypoxic origin ... [more ▼]

H(2)(15)O-PET was used to investigate changes in regional cerebral blood flow in response to auditory stimulation in patients in the vegetative state. Five patients in a vegetative state of hypoxic origin were compared with 18 age-matched controls. In addition, the cerebral metabolism of these patients and 53 age-matched controls was studied using [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose. In control subjects, auditory click stimuli activated bilateral auditory cortices [Brodmann areas (BA) 41 and 42] and the contralateral auditory association cortices (BA 22). In the patients, although resting metabolism was decreased to 61% of normal values, bilateral auditory areas 41 and 42 showed activation as seen in the controls, but the temporoparietal junction cortex (BA 22) failed to be activated. Moreover, the auditory association cortex was functionally disconnected from the posterior parietal association area (BA 40), the anterior cingulate cortex (BA 24) and the hippocampus, as revealed by psychophysiological interaction analysis. Thus, despite altered resting metabolism, the auditory primary cortices were still activated during external stimulation, whereas hierarchically higher-order multi- modal association areas were not. Such a cascade of functional disconnections along the auditory cortical pathways, from the primary auditory areas to multimodal and limbic areas, suggests that the residual cortical processing observed in the vegetative state cannot lead to the integrative processes that are thought to be necessary for the attainment of the normal level of awareness. [less ▲]

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See detailThe medical management of severe acute and chronic ulcerative colitis--current recommendations from the Belgian Working Group.
Melange, M.; D'Haens, G.; Devos, Martine ULg et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2000), 63(3), 273-4

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See detailDetermination of Alpha-Solanine and Alpha-Chaconine in Potatoes by High-Performance Thin-Layer Chromatography/Densitometry
Bodart, P.; Kabengera, C.; Noirfalise, Alfred ULg et al

in Journal of AOAC International (2000), 83(6, Nov-Dec), 1468-73

A high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method was used to determine the glycoalkaloids alpha-solanine and alpha-chaconine in potatoes. Alpha-solanine and alpha-chaconine are extracted from ... [more ▼]

A high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method was used to determine the glycoalkaloids alpha-solanine and alpha-chaconine in potatoes. Alpha-solanine and alpha-chaconine are extracted from dehydrated potatoes with boiling methanol-acetic acid (95 + 5, v/v). The analytes are separated on a Silica Gel 60 F254 HPTLC plate by a saturated mixture of dichloromethane-methanol-water-concentrated ammonium hydroxide (70 + 30 + 4 + 0.4, v/v), which is used for vertical development of the plate up to a distance of 85 mm. For visualization, the plate is dipped 3 times into a modified Carr-Price reagent, 20% (w/v) antimony(III) chloride in acetic acid-dichloromethane (1 + 3, v/v), and subsequently heated on a hot plate at 105 degrees C for 5 min. The glycoalkaloids all appear as red chromatographic zones on a colorless background. Densitometric quantification is performed at 507 nm by reflectance scanning. After determination of the appropriate response function, the proposed method was validated. Good results with respect to linearity, accuracy, and precision were obtained in the concentration range studied. [less ▲]

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See detailP300 event-related brain potential and personality in depression.
Hansenne, Michel ULg; Pitchot, William ULg; Pinto, Emmanuel ULg et al

in European Psychiatry (2000), 15(6), 370-7

P300 is an event-related brain potential (ERP) particularly interesting to the study of cognitive processes in normal subjects and in psychopathology. P300 has been applied in depression with ... [more ▼]

P300 is an event-related brain potential (ERP) particularly interesting to the study of cognitive processes in normal subjects and in psychopathology. P300 has been applied in depression with controversial results. A major source for these controversial results could result from the diversity of depressed patients included in the different studies. Supporting this assumption, impulsivity, blunted affect, suicidal behavior and psychotic features significantly influence P300 amplitude. However, no data are available on the possible influences of the personality of depressed patients on P300. Since personality is related to P300 in normal subjects, the aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between ERPs (P200, N200, and P300) and the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) in 54 depressed patients. The main results of the study concern the absence of major correlations between personality dimensions as assessed by the TCI and ERP parameters among depressed patients. Only weak partial positive correlations relate N200 latency with harm avoidance, and P300 amplitude (Pz) with the self-directedness dimension. N200 amplitude is also negatively correlated to persistence. However, the preliminary nature of the presented results with respect to the weak statistical significance should be underlined. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression And Activity Of Antioxidant Enzymes During Potato Tuber Dormancy
Rojas-Beltran, Ja.; Dejaeghere, F.; Kotb, Ma. et al

in Potato Research (2000), 43(4),

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See detailElaboration d'une méthode quantitative et globale d'évaluation de l'aptitude des terres à l'agriculture : application à la Région wallonne (Belgique)
Morelle, David; Lejeune, Philippe ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2000), 4(1), 51-57

To counteract the wasteful use of good quality farmlands by other land uses, we have developed a quantitative method for land evaluation. By splitting up soil map symbols, we have drawn up suitability ... [more ▼]

To counteract the wasteful use of good quality farmlands by other land uses, we have developed a quantitative method for land evaluation. By splitting up soil map symbols, we have drawn up suitability maps for cultivation and for grazing. Farming factors, such as slope, closeness to the farmhouses and size of the farmland blocks, were integrated in the soil suitability map with the help of a geographic information system. The multiplication of the weighted coefficients linked to these factors lead to a global farmland evaluation map. This method has been tested in 10 districts of the Walloon Region. Results seem to be close to farmers practices. The validation problems of this map and the benefits of a factorial and quantitative method are also discussed in this paper. [less ▲]

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See detailTable of Ap and Am Stars in order of Variable-star Names II
Renson, Pierre ULg

in A Peculiar Newsletter (2000), 33

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See detailSmoking during adolescence
Paulus, Dominique; Saint-Remy, Annie ULg; JeanJean, Michel

in European Journal of Public Health (2000), 10(1), 39-44

Background: The objective of the presnt study was firstly to collect data on smoking in adolescents from a high cardiovascular risk population and, secondly, to analyse the association between smoking and ... [more ▼]

Background: The objective of the presnt study was firstly to collect data on smoking in adolescents from a high cardiovascular risk population and, secondly, to analyse the association between smoking and other cardiovascular risk factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 1,526 adolescents (12-17 years) in 24 secondary schools of the Belgian province of Luxembourg. Data collection included smoking,physical activity habits, blood pressure, total cholesterol, anthropometry, diet (e.g. alcohol consumption) and oral contraceptive use. Results: Te prevalences of current and occasional smokers were 14.8 and 5.4% respectively, with similar proportions in both genders. The proportion of smokers was significantly higher in the technical course than in the classical one (35.6 versus 24% in the 15-17 years age goup). In the 15-17 year old group, regular smokers consumed significantly more free sugar, alcohol, coffee and soft drinks and male smokers ate less fruit and vegetble than non-smokers. In the same age group, 32.6% of female smokers were oral contraceptive users versus 17.9% in the non-smokers group. Other cardiovascular risk factors were similar in regular smokers and non-smokers. Conclusion: Adolescent smoking is a cause for concern in this sample from a high cardiovascular risk population. Few links were found between the prior and other cardiovascular risk factors. However, the high prevalence of smoking in the technical course and its combined usage with oral contraceptives in teenagers deserve careful attention. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased synovial fluid levels of soluble CD23 are associated with an erosive status in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Ribbens, Clio ULg; Bonnet, V.; Kaiser, Marie-Joëlle ULg et al

in Clinical & Experimental Immunology (2000), 120(1), 194-199

Synovial fluid (SF) levels of soluble CD23 (sCD23) were determined in 96 patients presenting with an inflammatory knee effusion (73 with RA and 23 with reactive arthritis (ReA) serving as a control ... [more ▼]

Synovial fluid (SF) levels of soluble CD23 (sCD23) were determined in 96 patients presenting with an inflammatory knee effusion (73 with RA and 23 with reactive arthritis (ReA) serving as a control inflammatory non-erosive group) and were correlated with the degree of joint destruction, with local immune parameters (IL-1beta, IL-3, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12 and sCD25) and with serum markers of inflammation, C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate. RA patients, classified as erosive or not according to Larsen's grade, were separated as follows: (i) 13 patients with non-erosive RA; (ii) 16 RA patients with erosions in hands but not in knees, matched for disease duration with the first group; (iii) 44 RA patients with hand and knee erosions, matched with the second group for rheumatoid factor positivity but of longer disease duration. SF sCD23 levels were significantly increased in both erosive RA groups compared with non-erosive diseases, whether RA or ReA (P < 0.05), whose SF levels were not different. SF IL-10 showed a similar profile to that of SF sCD23 and was the only other parameter characteristic of erosive RA, but no direct correlation was found between the two. SF sCD23 was significantly correlated with IL-12 (r = 0.65, P = 0.0001) and sCD25 (r = 0.39, P = 0.0019) exclusively in the two erosive RA populations. In conclusion, these data showing that increased levels of sCD23 are not only found in the SF of erosive joints but also in knee SF of patients with erosive RA but without knee x-ray-diagnosed erosions suggest that this parameter might be of predictive value for joint destruction. Longitudinal studies are however needed to confirm its potential clinical interest. [less ▲]

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See detailMarkers of tumor invasion are major predictive factors for the long-term outcome of corticotroph microadenomas treated by transsphenoidal adenomectomy.
Vallette-Kasic, S.; Dufour, H.; Mugnier, M. et al

in European Journal of Endocrinology (2000), 143(6), 761-8

OBJECTIVE: To assess the postsurgical outcome of patients with corticotroph microadenomas and to define predictors of the long-term outcome, with special emphasis on markers of tumor extension. DESIGN ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To assess the postsurgical outcome of patients with corticotroph microadenomas and to define predictors of the long-term outcome, with special emphasis on markers of tumor extension. DESIGN: Prospective study of 53 corticotroph microadenomas treated by enlarged adenomectomy. Patients followed for at least 2 years were classified into two groups: those in long-term remission and uncured patients (immediate failures and recurrences). Pre-, per- and postoperative parameters were analyzed as predictors of the long-term outcome. METHODS: Baseline hormone assessments were performed preoperatively, 8 days after surgery and every 6-12 months thereafter. Pituitary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allowed analysis of possible tumor extension to adjacent structures. Apparent completeness of the surgical removal was determined, and fragments labeled either 'tumor' or 'surrounding pituitary tissue' were submitted to serial sectioning. RESULTS: Immediate control of hypercortisolism was achieved in 43/53 patients (81%). However, later recurrences were observed in five patients (9%). Preoperative MRI showed tumor extension into adjacent structures with good specificity (91%) for prediction of surgical failure. Evidence of local invasion at surgery was also significantly predictive of the long-term outcome. A corticotroph adenoma was found at histological examination in 96% of the patients, and 26% had irregular limits, a feature significantly correlated with a poor outcome. Immediate postoperative plasma cortisol did not allow discrimination between long-term remissions and recurrences. CONCLUSION: Surgical failure was best predicted by signs of tumor 'invasiveness' at MRI, confirmed by peroperative examination and histology. [less ▲]

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See detailA simple method for neutrophils isolaton in horse
Votion, Dominique ULg; Harmegnies, N. F.; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine (2000), 27

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See detailDes obligations de l’usufruitier et du nu-propriétaire face aux charges de la copropriété forcée d’immeubles bâtis
Lecocq, Pascale ULg

in Journal des Juges de Paix = Tijdschrift van de Vrederecters (2000)

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See detailA Fast Method To Predict Protein Interaction Sites From Sequences
Gallet, X.; Charloteaux, Benoît ULg; Thomas, Annick ULg et al

in Journal of Molecular Biology (2000), 302(4), 917-26

A simple method for predicting residues involved in protein interaction sites is proposed. In the absence of any structural report, the procedure identifies linear stretches of sequences as "receptor ... [more ▼]

A simple method for predicting residues involved in protein interaction sites is proposed. In the absence of any structural report, the procedure identifies linear stretches of sequences as "receptor-binding domains" (RBDs) by analysing hydrophobicity distribution. The sequences of two databases of non-homologous interaction sites eliciting various biological activities were tested; 59-80 % were detected as RBDs. A statistical analysis of amino acid frequencies was carried out in known interaction sites and in predicted RBDs. RBDs were predicted from the 80,000 sequences of the Swissprot database. In both cases, arginine is the most frequently occurring residue. The RBD procedure can also detect residues involved in specific interaction sites such as the DNA-binding (95 % detected) and Ca-binding domains (83 % detected). We report two recent analyses; from the prediction of RBDs in sequences to the experimental demonstration of the functional activities. The examples concern a retroviral Gag protein and a penicillin-binding protein. We support that this method is a quick way to predict protein interaction sites from sequences and is helpful for guiding experiments such as site-specific mutageneses, two-hybrid systems or the synthesis of inhibitors. [less ▲]

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See detailBases scientifiques du traitement physique de la gonarthrose
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in KINE 2000 (2000), 11(4), 86-94

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See detailComparaison des treillis classiques de type Warren, Pratt et Howe : optimisation et prédimensionnement sur base d'indicateurs morphologiques
Latteur, Pierre ULg; Samyn, Philippe; De Wilde, Patrick

in Revue Française de Génie Civil (2000), 4

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See detailEnantioselective Syntheses and Absolute Configuration of the Ladybird Defence Alkaloids (+)-Calvine and (+)-2-Epicalvine
Laurent, Pascal ULg; Braekman, Jean-Claude; Daloze, Désiré

in European Journal of Organic Chemistry (2000), 11

Enantiomerically pure (+)-calvine (1a) and (+)-2-epicalvine (Ib), two piperidine alkaloids isolated from ladybird beetles of the genus Calvia (Coccinellidae), were synthesized by two different strategies ... [more ▼]

Enantiomerically pure (+)-calvine (1a) and (+)-2-epicalvine (Ib), two piperidine alkaloids isolated from ladybird beetles of the genus Calvia (Coccinellidae), were synthesized by two different strategies starting from (-)-2,3,6,7,8,8a-hexahydro-3-phenyl-5H-[1,3]oxazolo[3,2-a]pyridine-5-carbonitrile (2). The key steps of these syntheses are the stereocontrolled formation of an asymmetric centre a to the nitrogen atom of 2 and the subsequent introduction of the methoxycarbonylmethyl substituent at the u'-position. Comparison of the optical rotations of the synthetic benzoates (12a) and (12b) with those of the corresponding benzoates derived from the natural compounds has revealed the absolute configuration of (+)-calvine to be (2S,6S) and that of (+)-2-epicalvine to be (2R,6S). [less ▲]

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See detailRupture of a Thoracic Aneurysm in the Left Bronchus
SCHILS, F.; Deprez, A. F.; CREEMERS, Etienne ULg et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (2000), 100(2), 74-6

Aortobronchic fistula is a very unusual complication of thoracic aneurysm. We report the case of a 71-year old man with rupture of a thoracic aortic aneurysm in the left main bronchus. The patient had ... [more ▼]

Aortobronchic fistula is a very unusual complication of thoracic aneurysm. We report the case of a 71-year old man with rupture of a thoracic aortic aneurysm in the left main bronchus. The patient had suffered a car crash fifteen years ago, without any evidence of aortic rupture at the time. Thereafter, he developed an aortic isthmic dilation (36 mm in diameter). The patient suffered from long standing pulmonary insufficiency and emphysema and was admitted several times on an urgent basis for acute dyspnea. During an hospitalization for respiratory distress, he presented haemoptysis and left lung hyperinflation secondary to partial fistulization and extrinsic compression of the main left bronchus. Isthmic aortic resection and prosthetic grafting was performed and the left main bronchus was closed by an autologous pericardial patch. Ten days later, following an air-leak from the bronchial closure, a transposed latissimus dorsi flap was used by the plastic surgeon to repair the defect. Nevertheless, the patient died from multisystemic failure six weeks later. [less ▲]

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See detailEffective treatment of Jo-1-associated polymyositis with T-cell-depleted autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Ribbens, Clio ULg; Kaye, O. et al

in British Journal of Haematology (2000), 110(2), 339-342

A patient with Jo-1 antibody-associated polymyositis (Jo-1 PM) had a Karnofsky score of 40% and severe muscle, liver and lung damage that was refractory to standard therapy. The female patient received an ... [more ▼]

A patient with Jo-1 antibody-associated polymyositis (Jo-1 PM) had a Karnofsky score of 40% and severe muscle, liver and lung damage that was refractory to standard therapy. The female patient received an autologous T-cell-depleted haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) after myeloablative conditioning. The transplant procedure was complicated by severe adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and adenovirus-associated haemorrhagic cystitis as well as cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation. The patient's creatinine phosphokinase (CPK) and alanine transaminase (ALT) values were normal on day 21. The patient's strength has improved remarkably and her dyspnoea is subjectively improved. At 15 months after the transplant, the patient was well with a Karnofsky score of 80% and had been off any therapy, including steroids, for 14 months. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of ciliogenesis in the diagnosis of primary ciliary dyskinesia in a dog
Clercx, Cécile ULg; Peeters, Dominique ULg; Beths, T. et al

in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association [=JAVMA] (2000), 11

Primary ciliary dyskinesia is a congenital condition that may cause chronic rhinitis and bronchopneumonia. Primary ciliary dyskinesia may be diagnosed by induction of ciliogenesis by use of in vitro cell ... [more ▼]

Primary ciliary dyskinesia is a congenital condition that may cause chronic rhinitis and bronchopneumonia. Primary ciliary dyskinesia may be diagnosed by induction of ciliogenesis by use of in vitro cell culture. Induction of ciliogenesis allows for differentiation between primary and secondary ciliary dyskinesia. [less ▲]

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See detailNeuroendocrine regulation of GnRH release in induced ovulators.
Bakker, Julie ULg; Baum, M. J.

in Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology (2000), 21(3), 220-62

GnRH is the key neuropeptide controlling reproductive function in all vertebrate species. Two different neuroendocrine mechanisms have evolved among female mammals to regulate the mediobasal hypothalamic ... [more ▼]

GnRH is the key neuropeptide controlling reproductive function in all vertebrate species. Two different neuroendocrine mechanisms have evolved among female mammals to regulate the mediobasal hypothalamic (MBH) release of GnRH leading to the preovulatory secretion of LH by the anterior pituitary gland. In females of spontaneously ovulating species, including rats, mice, guinea pigs, sheep, monkeys, and women, ovarian steroids secreted by maturing ovarian follicles induce a pulsatile pattern of GnRH release in the median eminence that, in turn, stimulates a preovulatory LH surge. In females of induced ovulating species, including rabbits, ferrets, cats, and camels, the preovulatory release of GnRH, and the resultant preovulatory LH surge, is induced by the receipt of genital somatosensory stimuli during mating. Induced ovulators generally do not show "spontaneous" steroid-induced LH surges during their reproductive cycles, suggesting that the positive feedback actions of steroid hormones on GnRH release are reduced or absent in these species. By contrast, mating-induced preovulatory surges occasionally occur in some spontaneously ovulating species. Most research in the field of GnRH neurobiology has been performed using spontaneous ovulators including rat, guinea pig, sheep, and rhesus monkey. This review summarizes the literature concerning the neuroendocrine mechanisms controlling GnRH biosynthesis and release in females of several induced ovulating species, and whenever possible it contrasts the results with those obtained for spontaneously ovulating species. It also considers the adaptive, evolutionary benefits and disadvantages of each type of ovulatory control mechanism. In females of induced ovulating species estradiol acts in the brain to induce aspects of proceptive and receptive sexual behavior. The primary mechanism involved in the preovulatory release of GnRH among induced ovulators involves the activation of midbrain and brainstem noradrenergic neurons in response to genital-somatosensory signals generated by receipt of an intromission from a male during mating. These noradrenergic neurons project to the MBH and, when activated, promote the release of GnRH from nerve terminals in the median eminence. In contrast to spontaneous ovulators, there is little evidence that endogenous opioid peptides normally inhibit MBH GnRH release among induced ovulators. Instead, the neural signals that induce a preovulatory LH surge in these species seem to be primarily excitatory. A complete understanding of the neuroendocrine control of ovulation will only be achieved in the future by comparative studies of several animal model systems in which mating-induced as well as spontaneous, hormonally stimulated activation of GnRH neurons drives the preovulatory LH surge. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the scalar meson exchange in the baryon spectra
Stassart, Pierre ULg; Stancu, Floarea ULg; Richard, J. M. et al

in Journal of Physics : G Nuclear & Particle Physics (2000), G26

We explore the role of a scalar meson exchange interaction between quarks in a semirelativistic constituent quark model where the quarks are also subject to a linear confinement. We study how the spectrum ... [more ▼]

We explore the role of a scalar meson exchange interaction between quarks in a semirelativistic constituent quark model where the quarks are also subject to a linear confinement. We study how the spectrum evolves when the strength of the scalar meson exchange increases. Our results are relevant to the long-standing problem of the relative position of the first positive-parity (Roper resonance) and the first orbitally excited states in the baryon spectrum. [less ▲]

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See detailDual Formulations for the Modeling of Thin Electromagnetic Shells using Edge Elements
Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Dular, Patrick ULg; Legros, Willy ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (2000), 36(4), 799-803

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