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See detailEpisphalosomic Syndrome : A Mca Syndrome Ressembling Fanconi Anemia, with Increased Baseline Level of Chromosome Breaks but No Hypersensivity to Clastogens
Verloes, Alain ULg; JAMAR, Mauricette ULg; Dideberg, Vinciane ULg et al

in Annales de Génétique (2001), 44(2, Apr-Jun), 59-62

We describe a child with facial dysmorphism (trigonocephaly, epicanthus, upturned nose, small ears), thumb hypoplasia, micropenis, jejunal atresia and moderate mental retardation with dysphasia ... [more ▼]

We describe a child with facial dysmorphism (trigonocephaly, epicanthus, upturned nose, small ears), thumb hypoplasia, micropenis, jejunal atresia and moderate mental retardation with dysphasia. Cytogenetic workup revealed high spontaneous level of chromosomal aberrations (without specific pattern and no quadriradial figures) and borderline to absent hypersensitivity to mitomycin C, making a diagnosis of Fanconi anemia unlikely. The child described here shares similarities with a small number of previous reports. We suggest to refer to this entity as episphalosomic syndrome. Episphalosomic syndrome shows some clinical overlap with Fanconi anemia, but lacks its cytogenetic hallmark. The hematological complications of Fanconi anemia have not been reported in this entity. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Pyoverdin Of Pseudomonas Fluorescens Btp2, A Novel Structural Type
Ongena, MARC ULg; Jacques, Philippe ULg; Thonart, Philippe ULg et al

in Tetrahedron Letters (2001), 42(34),

Abstract—From Pseudomonas fluorescens BTP2 a pyoverdin was isolated which contained the so far not encountered Val in its peptide chain. Its structure could be elucidated by chemical degradation and ... [more ▼]

Abstract—From Pseudomonas fluorescens BTP2 a pyoverdin was isolated which contained the so far not encountered Val in its peptide chain. Its structure could be elucidated by chemical degradation and spectroscopic data. [less ▲]

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See detailObesite: aspects therapeutiques.
Scheen, André ULg

in Bulletin et Mémoires de l'Académie Royale de Médecine de Belgique (2001), 156(10-12), 471-9480-2

Obesity is now recognized as a chronic disease. Its treatment implies a prolonged negative energy balance, by reducing caloric intake and/or increasing energy expenditure. In practice, three therapeutic ... [more ▼]

Obesity is now recognized as a chronic disease. Its treatment implies a prolonged negative energy balance, by reducing caloric intake and/or increasing energy expenditure. In practice, three therapeutic approaches can be considered: 1) life-style modifications, combining well-balanced hypocaloric diet and regular physical exercise, the key-issue in obesity management; 2) in case of failure and as adjunct treatment, anti-obesity drugs, especially orlistat, an intestinal lipase inhibitor, and sibutramine, a central appetite regulator; and 3) in patients with extreme refractory obesity, surgical procedures consisting of gastric restriction (gastroplasty) or intestinal bypass. Anti-obesity treatments must be evaluated in the long run, in terms of efficacy/safety ratio, upon criteria of weight loss, reduction in associated risk factors, improvement of quality of life and, if possible, reduction of morbidity and mortality. [less ▲]

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See detailAn overlay tree building control protocol
Mathy, Laurent ULg; Canonico, R.; Hutchison, D.

in Networked Group Communication (2001)

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See detailCharacterization of OXA-29 from Legionella (Fluoribacter) gormanii: molecular class D beta-lactamase with unusual properties.
Franceschini, N.; Boschi, L.; Pollini, S. et al

in Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy (2001), 45(12), 3509-16

A class D beta-lactamase determinant was isolated from the genome of Legionella (Fluoribacter) gormanii ATCC 33297(T). The enzyme, named OXA-29, is quite divergent from other class D beta-lactamases ... [more ▼]

A class D beta-lactamase determinant was isolated from the genome of Legionella (Fluoribacter) gormanii ATCC 33297(T). The enzyme, named OXA-29, is quite divergent from other class D beta-lactamases, being more similar (33 to 43% amino acid identity) to those of groups III (OXA-1) and IV (OXA-9, OXA-12, OXA-18, and OXA-22) than to other class D enzymes (21 to 24% sequence identity). Phylogenetic analysis confirmed the closer ancestry of OXA-29 with members of the former groups. The OXA-29 enzyme was purified from an Escherichia coli strain overexpressing the gene via a T7-based expression system by a single ion-exchange chromatography step on S-Sepharose. The mature enzyme consists of a 28.5-kDa polypeptide and exhibits an isoelectric pH of >9. Analysis of the kinetic parameters of OXA-29 revealed efficient activity (k(cat)/K(m) ratios of >10(5) M(-1) x s(-1)) for several penam compounds (oxacillin, methicillin, penicillin G, ampicillin, carbenicillin, and piperacillin) and also for cefazolin and nitrocefin. Oxyimino cephalosporins and aztreonam were also hydrolyzed, although less efficiently (k(cat)/K(m) ratios of around 10(3) M(-1) x s(-1)). Carbapenems were neither hydrolyzed nor inhibitory. OXA-29 was inhibited by BRL 42715 (50% inhibitory concentration [IC(50)], 0.44 microM) and by tazobactam (IC(50), 3.2 microM), but not by clavulanate. It was also unusually resistant to chloride ions (IC(50), >100 mM). Unlike OXA-10, OXA-29 was apparently found as a dimer both in diluted solutions and in the presence of EDTA. Its activity was either unaffected or inhibited by divalent cations. OXA-29 is a new class D beta-lactamase that exhibits some unusual properties likely reflecting original structural and mechanistic features. [less ▲]

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See detailBronchoconstrictive properties of inhaled 8-epi-Pgf2alpha in healthy and heaves-susceptible horses
Kirschvink, Nathalie; Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Art, Tatiana ULg et al

in Veterinary Research (2001), 32(5, Sep-Oct), 397-407

The 8-epi-PGF2α is a marker of oxidative stress which is increased in lungs of asthmatic humans and heaves-susceptible horses. 8-Epi-PGF2α has also been demonstrated to be an in vitro and in vivo ... [more ▼]

The 8-epi-PGF2α is a marker of oxidative stress which is increased in lungs of asthmatic humans and heaves-susceptible horses. 8-Epi-PGF2α has also been demonstrated to be an in vitro and in vivo bronchoconstrictor in humans and rodents. We hypothesised that inhaled 8-epi-PGF2α was a bronchoconstrictor in healthy and heaves-susceptible horses in clinical remission. The effect on ventilatory mechanics of nebulised 8-epi-PGF2α was compared to that of PGF2α and U46619, a thromboxane A2 agonist. Pulmonary resistance (RL) and dynamic compliance (Cdyn) were assessed in six healthy horses and in six heaves-susceptible horses in clinical remission before (baseline) and immediately after a single inhalation challenge of 1 mg 8-epi-PGF2α, PGF2α, or U46619 and placebo. RL and Cdyn were unchanged after inhalation of 8-epi-PGF2α in healthy horses. In heaves-susceptible horses, 8-epi-PGF2α induced a significant increase of RL and a significant decrease of Cdyn when compared to baseline values. Differences between RL and Cdyn values after 8-epi-PGF2α inhalation and those of placebo inhalation were not significant. Differences with healthy horses were not significant. PGF2α and U46619 induced a significant bronchoconstriction in healthy (RL and Cdyn, versus baseline) and heaves-susceptible horses (RL and Cdyn, versus baseline and placebo). The RL increase in heaves-susceptible horses after PGF2α inhalation was significantly higher than that in healthy horses. Our results suggest that 8-epi-PGF2α is not a bronchoconstrictor in healthy horses, and a bronchoconstrictor far less efficient than PGF2α and U46619 at the same dose in heaves-susceptible horses [less ▲]

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See detailL'exigence de motivation des décisions ordonnant un repérage ou une écoute téléphonique
Jacobs, Ann ULg

in Revue de Droit Pénal et de Criminologie (2001)

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See detailStand der osteoporose-Therapie. Ein Medizinischer Skandal
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in MMW Fortschritte der Medizin (2001), 143(14), 43

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See detailYoung Investigators Workshop participants (P.A Coucke) and N. Coleman : Radiation Research program, Radiation Oncology Sciences Program, National Cancer Institue, Nih, August 1-2, 2000
Coucke, Philippe ULg

in International Journal of Radiation, Oncology, Biology, Physics (2001), 49(5), 1505-1516

INTRODUCTION The one-and-a-half day Young Investigators Workshop was held in the Holiday Inn, Bethesda, August 1–2, 2000. Using the SCAROP mailing list and recommendations from department chiefs ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION The one-and-a-half day Young Investigators Workshop was held in the Holiday Inn, Bethesda, August 1–2, 2000. Using the SCAROP mailing list and recommendations from department chiefs, approximately 55 “early-career” physicianscientists were invited to attend the workshop. Table 1 includes the participants. The goals of the meeting were: c To bring together radiation oncology physician-scientists who were in the early part of their career to discuss research ideas and opportunities as well as potential barriers to progress for the field and for young-investigator careers. c To help develop camaraderie among and a critical-mass of a new generation of physician-scientists with interests ranging from technology development, to basic and translational research, to outcomes research and analysis. c To help the young investigators gain familiarity with the NIH grant programs. c To prepare a “white paper” with their vision and ideas for potential opportunities for the future. If possible, a shortand long-term agenda were to be proposed. The first morning included presentations from a variety of NCI programs. Three breakout sessions were held in the afternoon. Breakout Group Reports were discussed by the entire group the following morning. A fourth discussion topic on “Barriers To a Successful Research Career” was conducted by the entire group. Drafts of this entire Workshop Report were circulated to the participants. The final document represents the efforts of the entire Young Investigators Workshop and provides the perspective from the point of view of the investigators who have many years to invest in the future of radiation oncology. The Radiation Research Program (RRP) is grateful to all the participants for a lively workshop and to the session co-chairs for the timely preparation of this report. [less ▲]

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See detailA simple tool to identify asian women at increased risk of osteoporosis.
Koh, L K; Sedrine, W B; Torralba, T P et al

in Osteoporosis International (2001), 12(8), 699-705

Patients with low bone mineral density (BMD) have a high risk of future fractures, and should be actively considered for treatment to reduce their risk. However, BMD measurements are not widely available ... [more ▼]

Patients with low bone mineral density (BMD) have a high risk of future fractures, and should be actively considered for treatment to reduce their risk. However, BMD measurements are not widely available in some communities, because of cost and lack of equipment. Simple questionnaires have been designed to help target high-risk women for BMD measurements, thereby avoiding the cost of measuring women at low risk. However, such tools have previously focused on evaluation of non-Asian women. We collected information about numerous risk factors from postmenopausal Asian women in eight countries in Asia using questionnaires, and evaluated the ability of these risk factors to identify women with osteoporosis as defined by femoral neck BMD T-scores < or =-2.5. Multiple variable regression analysis and item reduction yielded a final tool based on only age and body weight. This risk index had a sensitivity of 91% and specificity of 45%, with an area under the curve of 0.79. Previously published risk indices based on larger numbers of variables performed similarly well in this Asian population. Large differences in risk were identified using our index to create three categories: 61% of the high-risk women had osteoporosis, compared with only 15% and 3% of the intermediate- and low-risk women, respectively. The low-risk group represented 40% of all women, for whom BMD measurements are probably not needed unless important risk factors, such as prior nonviolent fracture or corticosteroid use, are present. An existing population-based sample of postmenopausal Japanese women was used to validate our index. In this sample of Japanese women the sensitivity was 98% and specificity was 29%; the low-risk category, for whom BMD is probably unnecessary, represented 25% of all women. We conclude that our index performed well for classifying the risk of osteoporosis among postmenopausal Asian women and applying it would result in more prudent use of BMD technology. [less ▲]

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See detailEquine pulmonary and systemic haemodynamic responses to endothelin-1 and a selective ETA receptor antagonist
Benamou, A. E.; Marlin, D. J.; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Equine Veterinary Journal (2001), 33(4), 337-44

Based on previous in vitro studies, we hypothesised that endothelin (ET) would induce vasoconstriction in the pulmonary circululation of the horse and that this action would be mediated via ET(A ... [more ▼]

Based on previous in vitro studies, we hypothesised that endothelin (ET) would induce vasoconstriction in the pulmonary circululation of the horse and that this action would be mediated via ET(A) receptors. Pulmonary and systemic haemodynamic responses to endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoactive endogenous peptide, were investigated in 6 conscious, nonsedated horses at rest. Bolus i.v. injections of exogenous ET-1 (0.1, 0.2 and 0.4 microg/kg bwt) caused significant increases in pulmonary (PAP) and carotid (CAP) artery pressures, with peak increases of 79% and 51% for mean PAP and CAP, respectively. The effect of ET-1 on PAP and CAP was rapid and transient for PAP (-10 min) but prolonged for CAP (up to 60 min). ET-1 significantly decreased cardiac output by up to 35% and significantly increased systemic vascular resistance (SVR) by up to 104%. Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) showed a trend (P>0.05) to increase with 0.2 and 0.4 microg/kg bwt ET-1. Infusion of a selective ET(A) receptor antagonist (TBC11251) completely inhibited the responses to a subsequent bolus of 0.2 microg/kg bwt ET-1. We conclude that exogenous ET-1 exerts a potent vasoconstrictive action on the pulmonary and systemic circulations of the horse. These effects appear to be mediated largely through ET(A) receptors in both circulations. Endothelin may play a role in hypertensive conditions in the horse. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of 8-epi-Pgf2alpha on isolated bronchial smooth muscle of healthy and heaves-affected horses
Kirschvink, Nathalie; Art, Tatiana ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg et al

in Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology & Therapeutics (2001), 24(3), 215-221

8-Epi-PGF2alpha, a prostaglandin-like compound generated by oxidative stress, has been shown to be an in vitro bronchoconstrictor in airways from healthy laboratory animals and healthy humans, but it has ... [more ▼]

8-Epi-PGF2alpha, a prostaglandin-like compound generated by oxidative stress, has been shown to be an in vitro bronchoconstrictor in airways from healthy laboratory animals and healthy humans, but it has never been studied in diseased airways. Here, the bronchoconstrictive capacity of 8-epi-PGF2alpha on isolated bronchial rings (BR) of healthy and heaves-affected horses was evaluated by comparing the maximal effect and the potency of 8-epi-PGF2alpha to those of (1) acetylcholine (ACh), (2) its stereoisomer PGF2alpha and (3) its synthetic receptor agonist, U46619. Furthermore, the potential capacity of 8-epi-PGF2alpha to enhance the cholinergic (ACh) responsiveness of bronchial smooth muscle was investigated. 8-Epi-PGF2alpha contracted BR with a rank order of efficacy of Ach > U44619 > PGF2alpha > 8-epi-PGF2alpha in both healthy and heaves-affected horses. The contractile maximal response elicited by 8-epi-PGF2alpha was significantly smaller than that elicited by the other drugs, but was significantly higher in BR from heaves-affected horses than in those sampled in healthy horses, whilst pD2 values were similar. A subthreshold concentration of 8-epi-PGF2alpha (10-7 M) did not induce in vitro cholinergic hyper-responsiveness in BR of either healthy or heaves-affected horses. In conclusion, it has been demonstrated that 8-epi-PGF2alpha is an in vitro bronchoconstrictor of minor importance in healthy horses, but whose efficacy is significantly increased in heaves-affected horses. [less ▲]

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See detailGérer l'hétérogénéité des élèves : Méthodes de regroupement des élèves dans l'enseignement obligatoire
Monseur, Christian ULg; Demeuse, Marc ULg

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2001), (7-8), 25-52

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See detailAdditive and dominance genetic variance of fertility by method R and preconditioned conjugate gradient
Druet, Tom ULg; Solkner, J.; Groen, A. F. et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2001), 84(4), 9871-98716

The objectives of this study were threefold: 1) estimation of additive and dominance genetic variances for fertility traits for Austrian Simmental and Brown Swiss dairy cattle; 2) use of method R and the ... [more ▼]

The objectives of this study were threefold: 1) estimation of additive and dominance genetic variances for fertility traits for Austrian Simmental and Brown Swiss dairy cattle; 2) use of method R and the preconditioned conjugate gradient compared to solving for method R by second-order Jacobi iteration; and 3) study of the impact of inclusion of parental subclass effects on solutions for other random effects. Dominance variances were modeled for the inseminated cow and ranged from 0.32 to 1.36% of total variance. These values were similar to values for additive effects, which were approximately 1% of total variance. Convergence was clearly improved with preconditioned conjugate gradient and number of extrapolations reduced. Variance for permanent environment under a model without dominance could be split into a new estimate of permanent environmental variance and parental subclass variance. Solutions for parental subclass dominance effects were approximately proportional to permanent environment effects, but highly dependent on the number of animals contributing dominance relationships, especially full-sibs and three-quarter-sibs. For animals with a lot of dominance information (full-sibs, three-quarter-sibs, cousins), permanent environment and parental subclass dominance effects were nearly independent. Changes in additive effects were negligible, probably because both variances for parental subclass dominance effects and additive genetic effects were very small compared with residual variance. [less ▲]

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See detailRadiothérapie vasculaire : un nouveau standard
Coucke, Philippe ULg; HU PHUOC DO; URBAN, Ph. et al

in Médecine et Hygiène (2001), 59(2342), 853-858

Le traitement des maladies cardiovasculalres, et plus spécifiquement la prise en charge des patients avec des sténoses vasculalres, qu'elles soient cardiaques ou périphériques, est en train d'être modifié ... [more ▼]

Le traitement des maladies cardiovasculalres, et plus spécifiquement la prise en charge des patients avec des sténoses vasculalres, qu'elles soient cardiaques ou périphériques, est en train d'être modifié de façon radicale. Avec l'Introduction des techniques d'angioplastie par vole transcutanée (PTCA) et la mise en place de « stents », on a certainement amélioré le devenir de ces malades. Toutefois, l'incidence de resténose après ces interventions endovasculaires reste élevée. Ce phénomène d'oblitération vasculaire après angloplastie ou stent s'explique en partie par des mécanismes de prolifération néointimale. On s'est donc logiquement tourné vers les radiations ionisantes comme alternative thérapeutique possible vu leur efficacité sur les processus de prolifération cellulaire, Autant pour les lésions de novo que les resténoses in-stent, on observe l'efficacité des radiations ionisantes. Les résultats des premiers essais randomisés ont été rendus publics et ceci va certainement changer les standards de prise en charge en cardiologie interventionnelle. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of TRIP-assisted multiphase steel surface topography by atomic force microscopy
Ros-Yanez, Tanya; Houbaert, Yvan; Mertens, Anne ULg

in Materials Characterization (2001), 47

Transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP)-assisted multiphase steels have a complicated microstructure consisting of different phases, mainly ferrite, retained austenite, bainite and martensite. Atomic ... [more ▼]

Transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP)-assisted multiphase steels have a complicated microstructure consisting of different phases, mainly ferrite, retained austenite, bainite and martensite. Atomic force microscopy has been used for the phase identification and characterization of the phases in this kind of steel. A series of tests has been made on a C-Mn-Si and a C-Mn-Al TRIP-assisted steel after two different heat treatments: intercritical annealing followed by quench, and intercritical annealing followed by aging. After the aging process, the C-Mn-Al alloy was tempered in order to make metallographic observation easier, except the samples for mechanical testing, XRD or Mössbauer spectroscopy. It has been possible to identify the different phases and their topographic characteristics and to study their morphology using atomic force microscopy. The fine and complex microstructures of TRIP-assisted multiphase steels require improvements of the existing observation techniques, like electron backscattered diffraction and atomic force microscopy. Results of these techniques are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude empirique des estimateurs des taux d'erreur en analyse discriminante
Piraux, François; Palm, Rodolphe ULg

in Revue de Statistique Appliquée (2001), XLIX(4), 71-85

Monte Carlo experiments are performed to compare ten parametric and six non parametric estimators of the three error rates (actual, expected and optimal error rate) in discriminant analysis. This ... [more ▼]

Monte Carlo experiments are performed to compare ten parametric and six non parametric estimators of the three error rates (actual, expected and optimal error rate) in discriminant analysis. This comparison is restricted to the context of two p-dimensional normal group conditional distributions with the same covariance matrix. The study shows that certain estimators are markedly superior and users should be warned against some estimators available in statistical softwares. [less ▲]

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See detailA thoughtful approach to brain tumours
Deprez, Manuel ULg

in Lancet (2001), Vol 358

Brain Tumours is a serious book, more than 1000 pages long, with 50 chapters, and the efforts of nearly 100 contributors. The editors begin by reminding us that surgery has always had a central role in ... [more ▼]

Brain Tumours is a serious book, more than 1000 pages long, with 50 chapters, and the efforts of nearly 100 contributors. The editors begin by reminding us that surgery has always had a central role in the management of brain tumours. However, surgical resection is often incomplete because of diffuse infiltration and the anatomical limits imposed by the surgical approach, or by proximity to the eloquent cortex. Incomplete resection undoubtedly contributes to tumour progression or recurrence, and the means to solve this dilemma lie in the collaborative effort of various medical and scientific disciplines. [less ▲]

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See detailIrradiation du petit bassin et fonction ano-rectale.
Gervaz, P; COUCKE, Philippe ULg; Gillet, M

in Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique (2001), 25

Le traitement adjuvant des cancers du rectum a pour buts de stériliser la maladie résiduelle infra-clinique et d’améliorer le contrôle local. Depuis plus de 20 ans, des milliers de malades ont été inclus ... [more ▼]

Le traitement adjuvant des cancers du rectum a pour buts de stériliser la maladie résiduelle infra-clinique et d’améliorer le contrôle local. Depuis plus de 20 ans, des milliers de malades ont été inclus dans des études randomisées, visant d’abord à mettre en évidence un gain de survie et une réduction des récidives loco-régionales, en relation avec la radiothérapie pré- ou postopératoire, combinée ou non à la chimiothérapie. Les conséquences en termes de qualité de vie de ces traitements ont pourtant été peu étudiées, et la tolérance fonctionnelle du néo-rectum et de l’appareil sphinctérien à la radiothérapie restent mal connues [1]. Les difficultés liées à l’étude des effets de l’irradiation sur les tissus normaux, ainsi que la variabilité inter-individuelle de la réponse à la radiothérapie, s’ajoutent et rendent le sujet plus complexe encore. Les radiothérapeutes adaptent leur technique afin de réduire autant que possible la dose administrée aux tissus normaux avoisinant la tumeur. Dans le cas de l’irradiation du petit bassin, c’est l’intestin grêle qui a longtemps été considéré comme la structure à risque de complications, alors que l’atteinte du sphincter anal était rarement mentionnée [2]. Malgré les répercussions importantes de la dysfonction ano-rectale sur la qualité de vie des malades, l’atteinte du sphincter anal par la radiothérapie est restée un aspect négligé du traitement adjuvant des cancers du petit bassin [3]. Cet article a pour but, à travers une revue de la littérature, de mettre en évidence les effets qualitatifs et quantitatifs de la radiothérapie sur la fonction du sphincter anal, ainsi que de proposer une modification de la technique actuelle d’irradiation des cancers du bas rectum. [less ▲]

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See detailLa lecture littéraire : le pour et le contre
Dumortier, Jean-Louis ULg

in Education-Formation (2001), 262

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See detailLa recherche de l'environnement pertinent, contribution à une géographie du sensible
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Espace Géographique (L') (2001), 30(4), 321-332

Which factors heighten sensitivity to environmental changes? The answer to this question is of interest to everyone who acts on the environment. However, methods and concepts still need to be explored ... [more ▼]

Which factors heighten sensitivity to environmental changes? The answer to this question is of interest to everyone who acts on the environment. However, methods and concepts still need to be explored before a geography of sensibility could respond to this deman. This paper presens the methodological contributions and results of an exploratory study of the sensibilities of 65 residents of a Belgian rural municipality. Factors related to the environmental change, to the individual and to the relantionship between the individual and place are analysed. [less ▲]

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See detailRheinische Wortgeographie - dialektometrische Kartenauswertung
Möller, Robert ULg

in Dialectologia et Geolinguistica (2001), 9

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See detailReclamation of lead/zinc processing wastes at Kabwe, Zambia: A phytogeochemical approach
Leteinturier, B.; Laroche, J.; Matera, J. et al

in South African Journal of Science (2001), 97(11-12), 624-627

The lead/zinc mining industry of Kabwe (Central Province of Zambia), in operation from 1906 to 1994, generated metalliferous slag heaps covering an area of over 75 ha. The slag heaps are responsible for ... [more ▼]

The lead/zinc mining industry of Kabwe (Central Province of Zambia), in operation from 1906 to 1994, generated metalliferous slag heaps covering an area of over 75 ha. The slag heaps are responsible for aerosol emissions with a high heavy metal content over the mine townships of Kasanda and Chowa, resulting in health risks for the local population. In this phytogeochemical investigation, soil samples showed very high lead, zinc and copper concentrations in topsoil. Plant surveys identified 39 taxa, including several tropical and metalloresistant weeds. We concluded that phytostabilization was the only suitable management method for the area. Plant species recommended for phytostabilization are Indigofera spicata, Melinis repens, Cynodon dactylon, Aristida adscencionis and Pennisetum setaceum. [less ▲]

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See detailInventaire forestier régional et saisie électronique de données : une synergie prometteuse
Rondeux, Jacques ULg; Cavelier, Tristan

in Revue Forestière Française (2001), LIII(1), 81-87

The work done in connection with any regional or national inventory involves collecting huge amounts of increasingly diversified data. To reduce time lags before such data can be processed, we have ... [more ▼]

The work done in connection with any regional or national inventory involves collecting huge amounts of increasingly diversified data. To reduce time lags before such data can be processed, we have developed an encryption system on a HUSKY personal computer that is highly suitable to the sometimes adverse working conditions encountered in forests. The experiment has turned out to be extremely valuable and the system has been in use since mid-2000 for the purposes of the forest inventory in the Walloon Region. Considerable time savings are thus achieved and a highly elaborate computerised validation process and on-line aid to operators have significantly reduced the frequency of errors. [less ▲]

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See detailThe emerging role of class II histone deacetylases.
Fischle, Wolfgang; Kiermer, Véronique; Dequiedt, Franck ULg et al

in Biochemistry & Cell Biology (2001), 79(3), 337-48

Histone acetylation and deacetylation play essential roles in modifying chromatin structure and regulating gene expression in all eukaryotes. Several histone acetyltransferases have been identified that ... [more ▼]

Histone acetylation and deacetylation play essential roles in modifying chromatin structure and regulating gene expression in all eukaryotes. Several histone acetyltransferases have been identified that act as transcriptional coactivators. In contrast, histone deacetylases (HDACs) are part of transcriptional corepressor complexes. Based on their similarity to known yeast factors, the human HDACs are grouped into three classes. Class I HDACs are similar to the yeast transcriptional repressor yRPD3, while class II HDACs are related to yHDA1 and class III HDACs to ySIR2. In this review, we focus on the biology of class II HDACs. These newly discovered enzymes have been implicated in cell differentiation and development, and many molecular details are emerging that shed light on class II HDAC function and regulation. We discuss the biological role of these factors in the context of physiological processes. [less ▲]

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See detailKöln und das 'Oberländische' im Spätmittelalter
Möller, Robert ULg

in Rheinische Vierteljahrsblätter (2001), 65

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See detailPropositions relatives à l'enseignement
de Landsheere, Gilbert ULg

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2001), (5-6), 79-84

Comme pour le texte 'L'avenir de l'enseignement' qui est publié dans ces Cahiers, il s'agit d'un texte qui date d'une dizaine d'années. Ces propositions ont été formulées peu de temps après la ... [more ▼]

Comme pour le texte 'L'avenir de l'enseignement' qui est publié dans ces Cahiers, il s'agit d'un texte qui date d'une dizaine d'années. Ces propositions ont été formulées peu de temps après la communautarisation complète de l'enseignement. A présent que 'nous sommes maîtres chez nous', qu'en est-il ? Quel chemin avons-nous parcouru ? S'agissait-il de prémonitions ? De rêves et d'utopies ? Chacun peut s'en faire une idée. Chacun peut aussi apprécier, sur la base d'un texte, ce qui se disait alors et ce que Gilbert de Landsheere envisageait comme souhaitable. [less ▲]

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See detailCore-polarization effects and radiative lifetime measurements in Pr III
Biémont, Emile ULg; Garnir, Henri-Pierre ULg; Palmeri, P. et al

in Physical Review. A (2001), 64

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See detailFlow rate quality of new flat fan nozzles
Huyghebaert, Bruno; Debouche, Charles ULg; Mostade, Olivier

in Transactions of the ASAE (2001), 44(4), 769-773

Manufacturers of spraying nozzles have established manufacturing tolerances to guarantee the quality of their products. They control, among other things, the new nozzles’ flow rate by comparison with the ... [more ▼]

Manufacturers of spraying nozzles have established manufacturing tolerances to guarantee the quality of their products. They control, among other things, the new nozzles’ flow rate by comparison with the nominal flow rate. When the deviation exceeds a set limit, the nozzles are rejected. A survey carried out among three manufacturers made it possible to determine the manufacturing tolerances and limits that manufacturers impose upon themselves. The flow rates of 1565 new nozzles collected on the market from these manufacturers were measured on a device developed for this study. Different statistical tests assessed the performances and characteristics of the products. The quality standards announced by the manufacturers were not checked for every nozzle. On average, 20% of the new nozzles exceeded the manufacturing tolerances. The average flow rate of the nozzle sets equalled the nominal flow rate. In practice, the probability distribution of the flow rate of new nozzles should be normal. The dispersion of the new nozzle flow rates was slightly higher than the theoretical one. The quality of the products differed from one manufacturer to another. [less ▲]

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See detailThe behavioral effects of acute and chronic JL 13, a putative antipsychotic, in Cebus non-human primates
Casey, Daniel; Bruhwyler, Jacques; Delarge, Jacques et al

in Psychopharmacology (2001), 157

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See detailStability of strange quark matter in an effective chiral model with scale anomaly
Jaminon, Martine ULg; Van den Bossche, Bruno

in Nuclear Physics A (2001), 686

Stability of strange quark matter is investigated within a chiral model which implements the scale anomaly of QCD. As far as quark confinement is mimicked by a large value of the u-quark mass, the model ... [more ▼]

Stability of strange quark matter is investigated within a chiral model which implements the scale anomaly of QCD. As far as quark confinement is mimicked by a large value of the u-quark mass, the model behaves in the chiral limit as a MIT bag model: it yields a stable system composed of quarks surrounded by the vacuum. As soon as finite current quark masses are taken into account, stability is however lost. [less ▲]

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See detailLe développement de partenariats multilingues. Une expérience aux dimensions européennes en Communauté française de Belgique
Campolini, L.; Jucquois, G.; Flamini, F. et al

in Annales d'Etudes Européennes de l'Université Catholique de Louvain (2001), 5

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See detailLes nouveaux critères de sélection porcine
Leroy, Pascal ULg

in Carrefour des Productions animales Gembloux (2001)

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See detailImplication de la neurohypophyse dans le stress psychique
Scantamburlo, Gabrielle ULg; Ansseau, Marc ULg; Legros, Jean-Jacques ULg

in Encéphale (L') (2001), 27(3, May-Jun), 245-59

Effects of different psychological stimuli on oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP) secretion are reviewed in animals and in humans. The secretion of neuropituitary hormones is also discussed in various ... [more ▼]

Effects of different psychological stimuli on oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP) secretion are reviewed in animals and in humans. The secretion of neuropituitary hormones is also discussed in various psychiatric diseases such an anorexia nervosa, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder. AVP and OT are secreted into the hypophyseal portal circulation by neurons which project from the paraventricular nucleus to the external zone of the median eminence. AVP and OT-containing neurons in the suprachiasmatic and paraventricular nuclei project to limbic areas, including the hippocampus, the subiculum, the ventral nucleus of the amygdala and the nucleus of the diagonal band. Specific AVP receptors which are pharmacologically different from the pressor and antidiuretic AVP receptors have been found in the anterior pituitary. OT receptors have been identified in a variety of forebrain sites. The neurohypophyseal secretion is regulated by the cholinergic muscarinic, histaminergic and beta-adrenergic systems. Stress alters the secretion of one or more of the hypothalamic factors which interact at the pituitary to increase the secretion of ACTH. AVP and OT have been shown to modulate the effect of Corticotropin-Releasing Factor (CRF) on ACTH secretion and appear to play a key role in mediating the ACTH response to stress. Although AVP is a relatively weak secretagogue for ACTH, it markedly potentiates the activity of CRF both in vitro and in vivo. The role of OT is more complex. In vitro, OT stimulates ACTH release at high doses whereas in human it inhibits ACTH secretion at low doses. The type of stressor appear to determine the relative importance of these secretatogues in ACTH response. Several recent studies indicate that psychological stressors display a similar degree of variety of secretagogue release patterns as was found earlier for physical stressors. A bewildering array of technique produces a bewildering array of conclusions. In rats, OT may be an important secretagogue during a novel stimulus, whereas the role for AVP is less clear. Indeed two studies out of ten suggest a stimulating role for AVP. In response to frustration and submission, OT and AVP are secreted. Regarding social isolation, results are difficult to interpret and the role of AVP could be species-dependent. In contrast plasma OT levels do not change. After restraint, ACTH release is primarily mediated by the active increase of OT and AVP does not appear to play a role. When restraint is associated with moderate levels of physical components and during immobilisation, all two secretagogs are involved in the ACTH response. With fear, ACTH response appears to be driven by OT. In humans, one study indicates that high emotionality women increase plasma OT in response to uncontrollable noise. Various neuroendocrine dysregulations have been observed in psychiatric disease. Either an increase or a decrease of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) function have been described in several illnesses. Effects of OT appear to be reciprocal to the effects of AVP. OT has been called the "amnestic" neuropeptide due to its capacity to attenuate memory consolidation and retrieval. AVP exhibits a central activating action on mood, memory and selective attention. Underweight patients with anorexia nervosa have abnormally high levels of centrally directed AVP and reduced OT levels. These modifications could enhance the retention of cognitive distortions of aversive consequences of eating. Patients with bipolar disorder show a biphasic secretion of AVP. Depressive episodes are associated with decreased vasopressinergic activity whereas manic episodes involve an increased release. AVP might be responsible for an increased catecholamine activity. In addition, lithium could act as an antagonist to AVP. In schizophrenic patients, studies using the apomorphine stimulation suggest increased oxytoninergic and decreased vasopressinergic functions. These findings are consistent with the beneficial role of AVP on schizophrenic symptoms noted in several trials. The increased OT could be responsible for "positive" symptomatology such as delusions and hallucinations. Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) includes a range of cognitive and behavioral disturbances that could be influenced by OT. In animals, several studies have emphasized the role of AVP in promoting repetitive grooming behaviors and maintaining conditioned response to aversive stimuli. In OCD patients, one study have reported that AVP/OT ratio was negatively correlated with symptom severity. However, an independent report found similar AVP concentrations in OC patients without a personal or family history of tic disorder and in normal subjects. Whether these modifications are only a consequence of the central disturbances or whether those peptides could participate in the pathogenesis of these affections remains to be elucidated. [less ▲]

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See detailLe domicile : une notion plurielle
d'Huart, Véronique ULg

in Répertoire notarial (2001), VII

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See detailLe défi de la diversité linguistique des apprenants pour l’apprentissage de la lecture et de l’écriture
Lucchini, Silvia ULg; Flamini, F.; Campolini, L.

in Langues Modernes (2001), (1), 34-41

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See detailSmectite composition as a tracer of deep circulation: the case of the Northern North Atlantic
Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Robert, Christian; Preda, Michel et al

in Marine Geology (2001), 172(3-4), 309-330

The link between smectite composition in sediments from the northern North Atlantic and Labrador Sea, and deep circulation is being further investigated through detailed studies of the X-ray pattern of ... [more ▼]

The link between smectite composition in sediments from the northern North Atlantic and Labrador Sea, and deep circulation is being further investigated through detailed studies of the X-ray pattern of smectites and cation saturations. This allows clear distinction of dominant terrigenous sources associated to the main components of the modern Western Boundary Undercurrent. Time variations of smectite characteristics in two piston cores from the inlet and outlet of the Western Boundary Undercurrent gyre in the Labrador Sea indicate: (1) a more southern circulation of North East Atlantic Deep Water during the Late Glacial; (2) a step by step transition to the modern pattern of deep circulation during the Late Glacial/Holocene transition, with intensification of North East Atlantic Deep Water and Davis Strait Overflow; (3) an expansion of Davis Strait Overflow and Labrador Sea Water circulation in relation to ice surges and deposition of detrital layers; (4) an intensified circulation of North East Atlantic Deep Water during the Younger Dryas; and (5) a very recent increased influence of Denmark Strait Overflow Water beginning between 4.4 and <1 kyr. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEvidence of rainbow trout prolactin interaction with its receptor through unstable homodimerisation.
Le Rouzic, Philippe; Sandra, Olivier; Grosclaude, Jeanne et al

in Molecular & Cellular Endocrinology (2001), 172(1-2), 105-13

This study aims to characterise Prolactin receptor (PRLR) in rainbow trout for which no information is available despite the availability of Salmonid PRL preparations. By screening a freshwater rainbow ... [more ▼]

This study aims to characterise Prolactin receptor (PRLR) in rainbow trout for which no information is available despite the availability of Salmonid PRL preparations. By screening a freshwater rainbow trout intestine cDNA library with a probe corresponding to the extracellular domain (ECD) of tilapia PRLR, we have cloned a 2.5 kb insert coding for the PRLR. The mature protein of 614 amino acid residues is similar to PRLR isolated in tilapia and also the long form of mammalian PRLR. Analysis of PRLR gene expression in osmoregulatory organs revealed the presence of a unique transcript, thus confirming the involvement of this hormone in the control of osmoregulation in this fish species. By using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technology, kinetic measurement of interaction between trout PRL and its receptor ECD was studied. This approach allowed us to demonstrate the formation of a transient, unstable homodimeric complex. This unstability could explain the inability to perform binding experiments using homologous PRL. In contrast, heterologous lactogenic ligands were able to interact through a more stable complex. Whether these characteristics of PRL-receptor interaction in rainbow trout are different to what occurs in tilapia where a homologous radioreceptor assay was developed would require further studies. [less ▲]

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See detailCell cycle activation of hematopoietic progenitor cells increases very late antigen-5-mediated adhesion to fibronectin.
Giet, Olivier ULg; Huygen, Sandra; Beguin, Yves ULg et al

in Experimental hematology (2001), 29(4), 515-24

Recent studies suggested that trafficking of hematopoietic progenitor cells is related to cell cycle status. We studied whether adhesion of progenitor cells to extracellular matrix proteins was modulated ... [more ▼]

Recent studies suggested that trafficking of hematopoietic progenitor cells is related to cell cycle status. We studied whether adhesion of progenitor cells to extracellular matrix proteins was modulated by cell cycle transit.Mobilized peripheral blood CD34+ cells were stimulated ex vivo for 48 hours with stem cell factor, flt-3 ligand, and thrombopoietin and fractionated by adhesion to fibronectin or vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). Adherent and nonadherent cells were assayed for cell cycle status, long-term culture-initiating cell frequency, and integrin function. Binding to fibronectin, but not to VCAM-1, displayed a cell cycle selectivity as the adherent fraction to fibronectin was enriched in cycling CD34+ cells and in cycling long-term culture-initiating cells compared to the nonadherent fraction. Combined cell cycle and phenotypic analysis showed that the expression of VLA-5 was upregulated during S/G2+M but that of VLA-4 remained constant. The selective binding of cycling CD34+ cells to fibronectin was reverted by anti-VLA-5 but not by anti-VLA-4 blocking antibodies. Also, cycling CD34+ cells preferentially adhered to the VLA-5 binding domain but not to the VLA-4 binding domain of fibronectin. Adhesion of cycling CD34+ cells to fibronectin was a reversible process modulated by cell cycle progression, because adherent cells could exit the cell cycle and return to a nonadhesive state within an additional 48-hour culture period.The results indicate that the enhanced binding capacity of cycling progenitor cells to fibronectin is mediated by VLA-5. [less ▲]

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See detailInteraction Between The N-Terminal Domain Of Gastric H,K-Atpase And The Spectrin Binding Domain Of Ankyrin Iii
Festy, F.; Robert, Jocelyne ULg; Brasseur, Robert ULg et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2001), 276(11), 7721-6

We screened a cDNA bank of rabbit gastric fundic mucosa by two-hybrid assays looking for binding partners of the N-terminal domain of the rabbit gastric H,K-ATPase. We extracted five clones sharing more ... [more ▼]

We screened a cDNA bank of rabbit gastric fundic mucosa by two-hybrid assays looking for binding partners of the N-terminal domain of the rabbit gastric H,K-ATPase. We extracted five clones sharing more than 90% sequence identity. The longest clone codes for a protein sharing a high identity (96 and 96.8%, respectively) with a fragment of the membrane domain, from Arg-835 to Ser-873, plus the major part of the "spectrin binding domain" going from Glu-874 to Leu-1455 of human and mouse ankyrin III. We conclude that the membrane and spectrin binding domains of the rabbit ankyrin III are candidates for the binding partner of the N-terminal domain of the rabbit gastric H,K-ATPase. To validate the ankyrin-ATPase interaction and to test its specificity, we produced both domains in yeast and bacteria, coimmunoprecipitated them with an anti-ATPase antibody, and copurified them by affinity chromatography. The sequence of rabbit ankyrin III was not known, and this is the first report demonstrating that the ankyrin III and the H,K-ATPase interact with no intermediate. The interaction involves the N-terminal domain of the ATPase on one hand and the spectrin binding domain of the ankyrin on the other. [less ▲]

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See detailEstimation of additive and nonadditive genetic variances in Hereford, Gelbvieh, and Charolais by Method R.
Duangjinda, M.; Bertrand, K.; Misztal, I. et al

in Journal of Animal Science (2001), 79(12), 2997-3001

Parameters for direct and maternal dominance were estimated in models that included non-additive genetic effects. The analyses used weaning weight records adjusted for age of dam from populations of ... [more ▼]

Parameters for direct and maternal dominance were estimated in models that included non-additive genetic effects. The analyses used weaning weight records adjusted for age of dam from populations of Canadian Hereford (n = 467,814), American Gelbvieh (n = 501,552), and American Charolais (n = 314,552). Method R estimates of direct additive genetic, maternal additive genetic, permanent maternal environment, direct dominance, and maternal dominance variances as a proportion of the total variance were 23, 12, 13, 19, and 14% in Hereford; 27, 7, 10, 18, and 2% in Gelbvieh; and 34, 15, 15, 23, and 2% in Charolais. The correlations between direct and maternal additive genetic effects were -0.30, -0.23, and -0.47 in Hereford, Gelbvieh, and Charolais, respectively. The correlations between direct and maternal dominance were -0.38, -0.02, and -0.04 in Hereford, Gelbvieh, and Charolais, respectively. Estimates of inbreeding depression were -0.20, -0.18, and -0.13 kg per 1% of inbreeding for Hereford, Gelbvieh, and Charolais, respectively. Estimates of the maternal inbreeding depression were -0.01, -0.02, and -0.02 kg, respectively. The high ratio of direct dominance to additive genetic variances provided some evidence that direct dominance effects should be considered in beef cattle evaluation. However, maternal dominance effects seemed to be important only for Hereford cattle. [less ▲]

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See detailExtended analysis of the spectrum of triply-ionozed Ytterbium (Yb IV) and transition probabilities
Wyart, J.-F.; Tchang-Brillet, W. U. L.; Spector, N. et al

in Physica Scripta (2001), 63

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See detailOriginal 2-alkylamino-6-halogenoquinazolin-4(3H)-ones and KATP channel activity
Somers, F.; Ouedraogo, R.; Antoine, M.-H. et al

in Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (2001), 44

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See detailModified hormonal balance in rooting-recalcitrant rac mutant tobacco shoots
Faivre-Rampant, Odile; Kevers, Claire ULg; Dommes, Jacques ULg et al

in Plant Biosystems (2001), 135(1), 85-93

The rooting-recalcitrant rac tobacco mutant has been multiplied in vitro via outgrowth of axillary buds in parallel to the DS wild-type. The mutant shoots grew at a lower rate and did not root whatever ... [more ▼]

The rooting-recalcitrant rac tobacco mutant has been multiplied in vitro via outgrowth of axillary buds in parallel to the DS wild-type. The mutant shoots grew at a lower rate and did not root whatever the treatments, whereas the wild-type shoots rooted spontaneously during the culture cycle without auxin treatment. The mutant and wild-type shoots showed similar peroxidase variations along the culture cycle (21 days) but with higher levels of activity for the rac mutant: minimum peroxidase activity occurrey at day 14 in whole shoots of both tobacco genotypes, but already at day 7 in the basal parts of the stems (where roots appear) of the wild-type tobacco, while it was delayed in the mutant. Free and conjugated auxin and polyamine levels were also determined in whole shoots and basal parts of the stems. The rac mutant was characterised by higher auxin and polyamine contents. A peak of auxins and polyamines appeared at day 14 in the whole shoots whatever the tobacco genotype. This peak was delayed in the basal parts of the rac stems compared to the wild-type ones. The mutant shoots contained higher levels of benzyladenine and isopentenyladenosine at the end of the culture cycle, whereas zeatin riboside was more abundant in wild-type shoots. In response to increasing concentrations of indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) and 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), only the wild-type shoots responded by an increase in growth rate followed by inhibition at high concentrations. The rac shoot responses were very low or nonexistent. Peroxidase activity was also measured in E basal parts of tobacco stems grown in the presence of IBA. Results suggest growth inhibition related to auxin accumulation, possibly combined with elevated putrescine content. Second, rooting induction seems to take place in both tobacco genotypes; however, the process of root formation is blocked in the mutant. The lack of initiation and expression phases of rooting in relation to auxin content in the mutant is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Brassicaceae secondary metabolites on the Glutathione S-transferase activity from Episyrphus balteatus De Geer (Diptera: Syrphidae)
Vanhaelen, N.; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg

in Pesticide Biochemistry & Physiology (2001), 71(3), 170-177

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See detailFrontières d’efficacité et processus d’appariement sur le marché du travail au Maroc
Ibourk, Aomar; Perelman, Sergio ULg

in Economie et Prévision (2001), (150-151), 33-45

La capacité d’un marché du travail à générer de nouveaux emplois à partir d’un stock donné de postes vacants et de chômeurs est interprétée comme une forme d’efficacité transactionnelle. Elle peut être ... [more ▼]

La capacité d’un marché du travail à générer de nouveaux emplois à partir d’un stock donné de postes vacants et de chômeurs est interprétée comme une forme d’efficacité transactionnelle. Elle peut être mesurée à partir de l’estimation d’une fonction d’appariement qui décrit la situation d’échange entre la demande, exprimée par les firmes, et l’offre, représentée par les travailleurs à la recherche d’un emploi. Dans cet article, nous proposons l’utilisation des techniques des frontières d’efficacité pour ces estimations. Deux méthodes alternatives, paramétrique et non paramétrique, sont appliquées au cas des marchés du travail régionaux au Maroc. Les résultats obtenus permettent une évaluation de l’efficacité des appariements sur chacun des marchés ainsi qu’une évaluation de l’activité des centres d’information et d’orientation pour l’emploi (CIOPE) qui ont été créés au début des années quatre-vingt-dix aux fins de faciliter l’appariement de l’offre et de la demande des diplômés. [less ▲]

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See detailHST and ground-based observations of the gravitational lens system Q1009-0252 A & B
Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Khmil, S. V.; Lee, Dong Wook et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2001), 367

In this paper, we propose a critical study of direct images and spectra obtained for the doubly imaged QSO Q1009-0252 A & B (=LBQS1009-0252 A & B). First, we report new observations with the WFPC2 onboard ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we propose a critical study of direct images and spectra obtained for the doubly imaged QSO Q1009-0252 A & B (=LBQS1009-0252 A & B). First, we report new observations with the WFPC2 onboard the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), in which the lensing galaxy is very clearly detected. We combine these with existing NICMOS observations in order to characterize the nature and redshift of the lens. Our HST observations are also fitted with simple analytical lens models; estimates expected for the time delay and M/L of the lensing galaxy are derived. Secondly, new and existing ground-based observations are used in order to establish the first multicolour lightcurves of the lensed components. Although the time resolution is low, flux variability is detected for both components. Finally, ground-based spectroscopic observations published by Surdej et al. (1993) are re-processed with a new method designed to extract spectra with small angular separations. The final spectra are analysed on the basis of a simple model including macrolensing and microlensing amplifications and dust extinction. Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory (La Silla, Chile) and with the Hubble Space Telescope. [less ▲]

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See detailAnticyclonic eddies in the deep eastern Black Sea in summer-autumn 1999 (satellite and ship-borne observations
Ginzburg, Anna I.; Zatsepin, Andrey; Kostianoy, Andrey G. et al

in Earth Observation and Remote Sensing (2001), 5

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See detailActualites therapeutiques 2001.
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(9), 612-24

The most important drugs registered and/or launched in Belgium during the last year in the various disciplines of internal medicine will be briefly described. The main characteristics of each molecule as ... [more ▼]

The most important drugs registered and/or launched in Belgium during the last year in the various disciplines of internal medicine will be briefly described. The main characteristics of each molecule as well as its modalities of appropriate use in clinical practice will be pointed out. [less ▲]

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See detailLucien Lambotte, esquisse biographique
Pirenne, Christophe ULg

in Revue de la Société liégeoise de Musicologie (2001), 18

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See detailHelioseismic Tests of the New Los Alamos LEDCOP Opacities
Neuforge-Verheecke, C.; Guzik, J. A.; Keady, J. J. et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2001), 561(1), 450-454

We compare the helioseismic properties of two solar models, one calibrated with the OPAL opacities and the other with the recent Los Alamos LEDCOP (Light Element Detailed Configuration Opacity) opacities ... [more ▼]

We compare the helioseismic properties of two solar models, one calibrated with the OPAL opacities and the other with the recent Los Alamos LEDCOP (Light Element Detailed Configuration Opacity) opacities. We show that, in the radiative interior of the Sun, the small differences between the two sets of opacities (up to 6% near the base of the convection zone) lead to noticeable differences in the solar structure (up to 0.3% in sound speed), with the OPAL model being the closest to the helioseismic data. More than half of the difference between the two opacity sets results from the interpolation scheme and from the relatively widely spaced temperature grids used in the tables. The remaining 3% intrinsic difference between the OPAL and the LEDCOP opacities in the radiative interior of the Sun is well within the error bars on the opacity calculations resulting from the uncertainties on the physics. We conclude that both the OPAL and LEDCOP opacities produce solar models in close agreement with helioseismic inferences, but discrepancies still persist at the level of 0.6% between the calculated and inferred sound speed in the radiative interior of the Sun. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerations systems on a regular language
Lecomte, Pierre ULg; Rigo, Michel ULg

in Theory of Computing Systems (2001), 34

Generalizations of positional number systems in which N is recognizable by finite automata are obtained by describing an arbitrary infinite regular language according to the lexicographic ordering. For ... [more ▼]

Generalizations of positional number systems in which N is recognizable by finite automata are obtained by describing an arbitrary infinite regular language according to the lexicographic ordering. For these systems of numeration, we show that ultimately periodic sets are recognizable. We also study translation and multiplication by constants as well as the order-dependence of the recognizability. [less ▲]

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See detailL’administration publique et les technologies de l’information
Cornet, Annie ULg; Rondeaux, Giseline ULg

in Gestion : Revue Internationale de Gestion (2001), 26(1), 28-30

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See detailMass transfer in low-density xerogel catalysts
Heinrichs, Benoît ULg; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg; Schoebrechts, Jean-Paul

in AIChE Journal (2001), 47(8), 1866-1873

Texture and morphology of a Pd-Ag/SiO2 hydrodechlorination low-density xerogel catalyst prepared by a cogelation sot-gel process were characterized in detail to examine mass transfer in such catalysts ... [more ▼]

Texture and morphology of a Pd-Ag/SiO2 hydrodechlorination low-density xerogel catalyst prepared by a cogelation sot-gel process were characterized in detail to examine mass transfer in such catalysts. The catalyst consists of active Pd-Ag nanocrystallites trapped inside elementary 20 nm microporous silica particles arranged in larger aggregates, which constitute the macroscopic pellet. To reach active sites, reactants must first diffuse through large pores located between aggregates of SiO2 Particles and then through smaller pores located between those elementary particles inside the aggregates. Finally, they, diffuse through micropores located inside silica particles. Diffusion in such a "funnel" structure cannot be described assimilating the pellet to a pseudo-continuum. Diffusion should be examined carefully at three levels of decreasing size: the macroscopic pellet, the aggregate of silica particles, and the elementary silica particle. This approach shows that cogelled xerogel catalysts have remarkable mass-transfer properties. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of aphidophagous ladybird populations in a vegetable crop and implications as biological agents
Francis, Frédéric ULg; Colignon, Pierre; Haubruge, Eric ULg et al

in Med. Fac. Landbouw. Univ. Gent (2001), 66(2a), 333-340

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See detailDe l'utilité de la modélisation numérique en hydrodynamique de surface
Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Ingenieurbiologie / Génie Biologique (2001), (4), 9-20

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See detailS179D-human PRL, a pseudophosphorylated human PRL analog, is an agonist and not an antagonist
Bernichtein, Sophie; Kinet, Sandrina; Jeay, Sébastien et al

in Endocrinology (2001), 142(9), 3950-63

For many years, our group has been involved in the development of human PRL antagonists. In two recent publications, S179D-human PRL, a human PRL analog designed to mimic a putative S179-phosphorylated ... [more ▼]

For many years, our group has been involved in the development of human PRL antagonists. In two recent publications, S179D-human PRL, a human PRL analog designed to mimic a putative S179-phosphorylated human PRL, was reported to be a highly potent antagonist of human PRL-induced proliferation and signaling in rat Nb2 cells. We prepared this analog with the aim of testing it in various bioassays involving the homologous, human PRL receptor. In our hands, S179D- human PRL was able to stimulate 1) the proliferation of rat Nb2 cells and of human mammary tumor epithelial cells (T-47D), 2) transcriptional activation of the lactogenic hormone response element-luciferase reporter gene, and 3) activation of the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription and MAPK pathways. Using the previously characterized antagonist G129R-human PRL as a control, we failed to observe any evidence for antagonism of S179D-human PRL toward any of the human PRL-induced effects analyzed, including cell proliferation, transcriptional activation, and signaling. In conclusion, our data argue that S179D-human PRL is an agonist displaying slightly reduced affinity and activity due to local alteration of receptor binding site 1, and that the antagonistic properties previously attributed to S179D-human PRL cannot be confirmed in any of the assays analyzed in this study. [less ▲]

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See detailEffets comportementaux et neurochimiques de stimuli associés à l’administration d'éthanol: implications pour les comportements d'alcoolisation
Quertemont, Etienne ULg; De Witte, Philippe

in Cahiers de l'I.R.E.B. (2001), 15

Les drogues, y compris l’alcool, peuvent servir de stimuli inconditionnels dans des situations d’apprentissage par conditionnement. Les stimuli environnementaux qui accompagnent systématiquement ... [more ▼]

Les drogues, y compris l’alcool, peuvent servir de stimuli inconditionnels dans des situations d’apprentissage par conditionnement. Les stimuli environnementaux qui accompagnent systématiquement l’administration d’alcool peuvent ainsi acquérir le statut de stimuli conditionnés capables d’induire à eux seuls des réactions physiologiques conditionnées. Deux types de réactions conditionnées avec l’alcool ont été observées. D’une part, les stimuli associés à l’administration d’alcool peuvent induire des effets similaires à ceux de l’éthanol. D’autre part, ces stimuli conditionnés à l’éthanol peuvent aussi engendrer des réponses conditionnées opposées aux effets de l’éthanol. Ces deux types de réponses conditionnées semblent jouer un rôle dans les différentes étapes de l’alcoolisation. Leur implication dans la tolérance envers l’éthanol est largement illustrée par le phénomène de tolérance dépendante de l’environnement. Plusieurs études expérimentales et observations cliniques suggèrent aussi que les processus de conditionnement pourraient être impliqués dans la consommation d’alcool et particulièrement dans son abus. Toutefois, les bases neurochimiques de ces réponses conditionnées à l’éthanol sont encore largement méconnues. De récentes études utilisant la technique de microdialyse intracérébrale ont pourtant montré le rôle de divers neurotransmetteurs et neuromodulateurs. D’une part, les réponses conditionnées similaires à l’éthanol sont accompagnées d’une libération de dopamine dans le noyau accumbens. D’autre part, la libération conditionnée de glutamate et de taurine semble être impliquée dans les réponses conditionnées opposées aux effets de l’éthanol. [less ▲]

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See detailL'impact de la readaptation cardiaque sur la qualite de vie apres un pontage aorto-coronaire : Une etude belge
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Fontaine, Ovide ULg; Dupuis, Gilles et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2001), 6(2), 15-25

The aim of this study was to measure the quality of life of coronary artery bypass surgery patients enrolled or not in a rehabilitation program. The study was prospective and longitudinal and used ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to measure the quality of life of coronary artery bypass surgery patients enrolled or not in a rehabilitation program. The study was prospective and longitudinal and used patients’ self selection as the allocation strategy to constitute the two groups: rehabilitation and no-rehabilitation. Forty first coronary bypass surgery patients (38 men and 2 women, mean age 59 +/-8) were recruited from four hospitals in a French area of Belgium. Patients were evaluated before and after surgery with: the Quality of Life Systemic Inventory (QLSI), the Beck Depression Inventory, the State Anxiety Inventory, a somatic symptoms questionnaire, a physical activities questionnaire, and a medical questionnaire. Both groups improved on the QLSI global score of quality of life, but the effect size (eta squared) was greater in the rehab group (0.5) compared to the no rehab group (0.25) [less ▲]

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See detailSpirometric performance in Belgian Blue calves: I. Effects on economic losses due to the bovine respiratory disease complex.
Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Detilleux, Johann ULg; Dorts, T. et al

in Journal of Animal Science (2001), 79(5), 1301-1304

The aim of this study was to determine whether high spirometric performances in calves are associated with low economic losses due to the bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC). Five spirometric ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to determine whether high spirometric performances in calves are associated with low economic losses due to the bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC). Five spirometric variables (SV) were measured in 909 double-muscled Belgian Blue calves from 15 to 60 d of age. Afterward, calves were monitored for 6 mo to determine whether they developed BRDC and to determine the costs due to BRDC (i.e., medicine costs and veterinarians' fees, plus estimated financial losses due to mortality in case of death). To analyze the effects of spirometric performances on BRDC cost, a fixed linear model was used for each SV. In addition to SV, each model included the effects of sex, dam's parity, vaccination status, muscular development score, herd-period, and BW. Only herd-period and the maximal ventilation and the vital capacity had significant effects on costs due to BRDC, indicating that these two SV are major physiological determinants of economic losses associated with BRDC. Accordingly, it is assumed that an amelioration of maximal ventilation and vital capacity could result in increased resistance to BRDC in calves. [less ▲]

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See detailPharma clinics. Le medicament du mois. Le clopidogrel (Plavix).
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(3), 186-9

Clopidogrel is launched in Belgium by Sanofi-Synthelabo and Bristol-Myers Squibb under the trade name of Plavix. It is a potent and irreversible ADP receptor antagonist that proved to be more effective ... [more ▼]

Clopidogrel is launched in Belgium by Sanofi-Synthelabo and Bristol-Myers Squibb under the trade name of Plavix. It is a potent and irreversible ADP receptor antagonist that proved to be more effective than aspirin as antiplatelet agent in the multicentre, randomised double-blind CAPRIE study. It is indicated, at a dosage of 75 mg/day, for the reduction of atherosclerotic events including myocardial infarction, ischaemic stroke and vascular death in patients with atherosclerosis manifested by recent stroke, myocardial infarction or established peripheral vascular disease. Furthermore, recent studies demonstrated that the combination of clopidogrel with aspirin is more effective than aspirin alone and better tolerated than the combination ticlopidine-aspirin for the prevention of atherothrombosis after placement of intravascular stents. Ongoing trials are evaluating the efficacy and safety of such clopidogrel-aspirin combination after acute ischaemic coronary events or in patients at very high risk of stroke. Thus the indications of clopidogrel may become even larger in a next future. [less ▲]

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See detailLe dispositif d'évaluation externe en Communauté française de Belgique
Lafontaine, Dominique ULg

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2001), (7-8), 195-218

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See detailla fièvre aphteuse : rappels épidémiologiques et cliniques
Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Point Vétérinaire (2001), 32

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See detailAvancées récentes en biologie moléculaire du virus de la diarrhée virale bovine
Dehan, Pierre ULg; Hamers, C.; Couvreur, B. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2001), 145

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See detailLa métallurgie ancienne en "Terre de Durbuy" : Utilisation des macroscories en dynamique fluviale
Houbrechts, Geoffrey ULg; Petit, François ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2001), 40

Avant d’utiliser les scories métallurgiques comme traceur et indicateur de la compétence de l’Aisne à différents endroits de son cours, nous avons relevé les différents atouts qui ont favorisé le ... [more ▼]

Avant d’utiliser les scories métallurgiques comme traceur et indicateur de la compétence de l’Aisne à différents endroits de son cours, nous avons relevé les différents atouts qui ont favorisé le développement de la sidérurgie dans la « Terre de Durbuy » et nous avons étudié l’évolution des techniques sidérurgiques afin de mieux comprendre la genèse des scories. Dans cet article, nous étudions plus particulièrement l’évolution longitudinale de la taille des scories dans l’Aisne, entre Blier et Bomal où elle se jette dans l’Ourthe. Vu la trop grande proximité des sites de rejets, nous n’avons pu proposer qu’une vitesse minimum d’avancée de la charge de fond ; les scories prélevées nous ont cependant renseignés sur les variations de puissances spécifiques dans les différents tronçons de la rivière. [less ▲]

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See detailEuthanasia: a law in Belgium?
Damas, François ULg; Damas, Pierre ULg; Lamy, Maurice ULg

in Intensive Care Medicine (2001), 27(10), 1683

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See detailThe Vacuum UV Photoabsorption spectrum of Methyl Chloride (CH3Cl) and its perdeuterated Isotopomer CD3Cl. II. A vibrational Analysis.
Locht, Robert ULg; Leyh, Bernard ULg; Hoxha, A. et al

in Chemical Physics (2001), 272

The fine structure of the vacuum UV photoabsorption spectrum of CH3Cl and CD3Cl has been analyzed in the 7.5-10.5 eV photon energy range. A large number of lines have been observed, classified and ... [more ▼]

The fine structure of the vacuum UV photoabsorption spectrum of CH3Cl and CD3Cl has been analyzed in the 7.5-10.5 eV photon energy range. A large number of lines have been observed, classified and assigned to vibrational excitation accompanying a series of Rydberg transitions. The vibronic transitions involve both Jahn-Teller distortion and spin-orbit splitting. The former effect has been evaluated by ab initio calculations showing that the 2E state (in the C3v symmetry group) splits into 2A' and 2A" states in the Cs symmetry group. The 2A' state is energetically the lowest component whereas the 2A" is found to be a transition state. The Jahn-Teller stabilisation energy and the wavenumbers associated with all vibrational modes have been calculated. Experimentally, the entire fine structure could be described by using the vibrational modes, i.e. hcomega5= 104+/-7 meV, hcomega6= 77+/-7 meV and homega=162+/-3 meV respectively, as resulting from an average over all the analyzed Rydberg states. In CD3Cl the corresponding energies are hcomega5= 81+/-4 meV, hcomega6= 66+/-5 meV and hcomega= 124+/-4 meV. These values are in good agreement with those predicted by the present ab initio calculations for the ion ground state. However, the agreement is not so good for the wavenumber omega which could be assigned to the nu3 or nu4 vibrational modes. Though some arguments favour nu4 (the CH3 umbrella mode), within the error limits on the present measurements it is formally not possible to ascribe this wavenumber to one of these two vibrations. [less ▲]

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See detailAntimicrobial susceptilities of Campylobacter strains isolated from food animals in Belgium.
Van Looveren, M.; Daube, Georges ULg; De Zutter, L. et al

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (2001), 48

Afin d’assurer une transparence tout le long de la chaîne de transformation de la viande, il faut disposer d’un système de traçabilité performant. La traçabilité administative montre des limites que ... [more ▼]

Afin d’assurer une transparence tout le long de la chaîne de transformation de la viande, il faut disposer d’un système de traçabilité performant. La traçabilité administative montre des limites que l’utilisation de marqueurs génétiques pourrait surmonter. Le génome de chaque individu possède des différences de séquences, à la base du polymorphisme génétique, dont les marqueurs génétiques sont les témoins. Parmi ceux-ci, deux classes semblent s’imposer en matière de traçabilité : les microsatellites et les polymorphismes simple nucléotide. Les microsatellites sont caractérisés par un degré de polymorphisme important avec de nombreux allèles pour un même locus. De plus, leur détection se fait directement par amplification itérative. Techniquement, le problème se pose lors de la détection simultanée de plusieurs microsatellites où le patron obtenu est difficile à interpréter. Les polymorphismes simple nucléotide sont répresentés par des mutations ponctuelles dans la séquence nucléotidique. Ils sont fréquents, stables, répartis de façon aléatoire et généralement bialléliques. La détection se fait soit par hybridation sur des biopuces, soit par spectrométrie de masse ou par d’autres techniques facilement automatisables. Cette automatisation est nécessaire pour pouvoir tester un grand nombre de polymorphismes simultanément sur un grand nombre d’échantillons, permettant ainsi de diminuer les coûts. L’avantage majeur des polymophismes simple nucléotide est le signal binaire obtenu, son désavantage est le caractère population- spécifique de ce type de marqueur. [less ▲]

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See detailDose-dependent caffeine-induced conditioned locomotion in mice
Pirona, Alexandre; Ferrara, André Onofrio; Tirelli, Ezio ULg

in Behavioural Pharmacology (2001), 12

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See detailIntensive and Prolonged Health Promotion Strategy May Increase Awareness of Osteoporosis among Postmenopausal Women
Tellier, V.; De Maeseneer, J.; De Prins, L. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2001), 12(2), 131-5

The aim of the study was to measure the results of a 15-year health promotion strategy towards osteoporosis, in an urban community of subjects over 45 years old, in terms of osteoporosis awareness and ... [more ▼]

The aim of the study was to measure the results of a 15-year health promotion strategy towards osteoporosis, in an urban community of subjects over 45 years old, in terms of osteoporosis awareness and handling. To this end an ancillary study to a large survey of the Belgian population's self-perceived health status was carried out. A rectangular sample of 4800 individuals over 45 years old was randomly selected in two Belgian cities, among the affiliates of the two main health insurance providers. One of the cities (Liege) had been, since the early 1980s, the target of a constant health promotion strategy, directed to both the medical community and the general population, aimed at increasing osteoporosis awareness in women after the menopause. During the same period, no particular steps were taken in the other city (Aalst) to increase osteoporosis awareness in the community. In our study, the participants were asked to spontaneously report any chronic, serious and/or severe disorders that they had been suffering from, for at least 6 months, during the previous 12 months. They also provided a list of drugs they were taking at the time of the survey. Osteoporosis was reported to be a disease affecting 1.5% of men in Aalst and 1.3% of men in Liege (p = 0.61). For women, osteoporosis was reported to be present in 4.8% in Aalst and 10.8% in Liege (p<0.001). Self-reporting of osteoporosis prevalence in Liege was statistically significantly higher in women aged 45-64 years, 65-74 years or over 75 years (p<0.001). Obesity, alcohol consumption or physical activity were equally distributed between women from Liege and Aalst. Prescription drugs used for osteoporosis had been delivered to a similar proportion of men in Aalst and Liege. In women, a statistically significant difference in these prescription drugs was observed between Liege and Aalst, both for the overall population (p<0.001) and in each of the age classes (p<0.001 for 45-64 years and 65-74 years; p<0.009 for over 75 years). A continuous long-term health promotion strategy, directed toward both physicians and the general population, thus appears to increase awareness about osteoporosis in women over 45 years and/or in the medical community. This is reflected by an increase in self-reported prevalence of osteoporosis and in the prescription of drugs aimed at prevention and treatment of this disorder. Whether these observations reflect an appropriate diagnosis and a proper handling of the disease remains to be evaluated by objective diagnostic tools such as bone densitometry and by an evaluation of the effectiveness of prescription practices in postmenopausal women. [less ▲]

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See detailConstruire des indicateurs internationaux d'équité des systèmes éducatifs
Demeuse, Marc ULg; Baye, Ariane ULg; Straeten, Marie-Hélène et al

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2001), (7-8), 97-100

Les membres du SPE se préoccupent de longue date des problèmes d'équité éducative (Crahay, 2000). Ils contribuent soit à l'évaluation de celle-ci dans le système belge francophone ou au sein d'autres ... [more ▼]

Les membres du SPE se préoccupent de longue date des problèmes d'équité éducative (Crahay, 2000). Ils contribuent soit à l'évaluation de celle-ci dans le système belge francophone ou au sein d'autres systèmes à travers des recherches internationales, telles celles de l'IEA ou de l'OCDE (Demeuse, Crahay [less ▲]

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See detailLa recombinaison chez les alphaherpèsvirus
Meurens, François; Schynts, Frédéric; Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2001), 145

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See detailDégradation de dalles de tablier de ponts en Belgique. Etude d'une pathologie complexe
Demars, Philippe; Gilles, Pierre; Darimont, Anne ULg

in Bulletin des Laboratoires des Ponts et Chaussées (2001), 232

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See detailACTH silent adenoma shrinking under cabergoline.
Petrossians, Patrick ULg; Ronci, N.; Valdes Socin, Hernan Gonzalo ULg et al

in European Journal of Endocrinology (2001), 144(1), 51-57

OBJECTIVES: The authors present a case report that proposes the use of cabergoline treatment in silent ACTH adenoma, an unusual member of the heterogeneous group of the so-called clinically non ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: The authors present a case report that proposes the use of cabergoline treatment in silent ACTH adenoma, an unusual member of the heterogeneous group of the so-called clinically non-functioning pituitary adenomas. DESIGN: Following the clinical and radiological improvement of a recurrent silent ACTH adenoma in a 77-year-old patient treated with cabergoline (0.5 mg every 2 days for 2 years), in vitro studies of the original tumor were performed. METHODS: The original tumor from the patient was studied by in situ hybridization and dopamine D2 receptor autoradiography. It was compared with four macroprolactinomas and two macroadenomas from patients with Cushing's disease. RESULTS: The D2 receptor mRNA signal of the reported case was intense and of the same order of magnitude as that observed in control prolactinomas. Dopamine D2 receptor autoradiography was twice that of control corticotroph adenomas and was close to that observed in prolactinomas. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first description of an in vivo shrinkage of an ACTH silent adenoma under cabergoline. We demonstrate in vitro, the presence of D2 receptors in the primitive tumor in concentrations similar to those found in control prolactinomas. These results suggest that therapeutic trials with cabergoline might be undertaken in recurring cases of ACTH silent tumors and more generally, non-functioning pituitary adenomas. [less ▲]

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See detailResonance-assisted tunneling in near-integrable systems
Brodier, O.; Schlagheck, Peter ULg; Ullmo, D.

in Physical Review Letters (2001), 87(6), 064101

Dynamical tunneling between symmetry related invariant tori is studied in the near-integrable regime. Using the kicked Harper model as an illustration, we show that the exponential decay of the wave ... [more ▼]

Dynamical tunneling between symmetry related invariant tori is studied in the near-integrable regime. Using the kicked Harper model as an illustration, we show that the exponential decay of the wave functions in the classically forbidden region is modified due to coupling processes that are mediated by classical resonances. This mechanism leads to a substantial deviation of the splitting between quasidegenerate eigenvalues from the purely exponential decrease with 1/(h) over bar obtained for the integrable system. A simple semiclassical framework, which takes into account the effect of the resonance substructure on the invariant tori, allows one to quantitatively reproduce the behavior of the eigenvalue splittings. [less ▲]

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See detailPex, Analytical Tools For Pdb Files. I. Gf-Pex: Basic File To Describe A Protein
Thomas, Annick ULg; Bouffioux, O.; Geeurickx, D. et al

in Proteins-Structure Function and Genetics (2001), 43(1), 28-36

Pex are created to extract numeric and string descriptions of protein structures from PDB files. This concerns covalent bond lengths and angles, secondary structures, residues in interaction, H-bond ... [more ▼]

Pex are created to extract numeric and string descriptions of protein structures from PDB files. This concerns covalent bond lengths and angles, secondary structures, residues in interaction, H-bond lengths and geometry, etc. Several kinds of Pex are generated: (1) general feature (GF-Pex); (2) H-bond (H-Pex); and (3) accessible surface (AS-Pex) and force potential (FP-Pex). We describe the general principles of Pex and detail the GF-Pex files. Using the GF-Pex of 131 proteins, we analyze the mean residue frequencies, the straight phi/psi distribution and the major kinds of secondary structures in proteins. Thomas et al. (this issue) analyzes the main chain H-bonds in those proteins. The GF-Pex and H-Pex files of the 131 proteins can be downloaded from the CBMN site (http://www.fsagx.ac.be/bp/). [less ▲]

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See detailIsokinetic evaluation of hip strength muscle groups in unilateral lower limb amputees
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Maertens De Noordhout, Benoît ULg; Maquet, Didier ULg et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2001), 9(4), 163-169

The objectives of the study were to measure the isokinetic strength of the hip flexor-extensor and adductor-abductor muscle groups in unilateral lower limb amputees and to evaluate abnormalities in order ... [more ▼]

The objectives of the study were to measure the isokinetic strength of the hip flexor-extensor and adductor-abductor muscle groups in unilateral lower limb amputees and to evaluate abnormalities in order to improve the usual rehabilitation programs. Thirty-three patients with unilateral lower limb amputation were included in this study; they served as their own controls, the amputated side being compared to the intact side. Using an isokinetic device, the relative peak torques (N.m by body weight), bilateral asymmetries and agonist/antagonist torque ratios were calculated for the hip flexor, extensor, adductor and abductor muscle groups. A significant reduction of mean concentric relative peak torque measured on the amputated limbs was generally observed when compared to the intact contralateral limb (p < 0.05). The mean percentage of relative peak torque decrease was greater for the extensors than for the flexors (33 +/- 20% and 22 +/- 23%, respectively, at 30degrees/s angular velocity), and for the abductors than for the adductors (23 +/- 22% and 11 +/- 19%, respectively, at 30degrees/s angular velocity). Furthermore, the flexor/extensor torque ratio was significantly increased for the amputated limb (for instance, 1.25 +/- 0.33 versus 1.09 +/- 0.25 for the intact limb at 30degrees/s). The reduction of the abductor/adductor ratio of the operated limb reached the level of statistical significance at 60degrees/s only (1.25 +/- 0.46 versus 1.07 +/- 0.36 for the intact limb). In conclusion, isokinetic testing revealed a significant reduction of the hip stabilizing muscle strength as a consequence of lower limb amputation. The more marked decrease of the strength of the abductor and extensor muscle groups, resulting in imbalances of the agonist/antagonist strength ratios should be taken into account to adapt the conventional rehabilitation programs. [less ▲]

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See detailApprendre à manfiester la compréhension des récits de fiction. Un instrument pour produire des questionnaire qui favorisent le développement de compétences.
Dumortier, Jean-Louis ULg

in Enjeux : Revue de Formation Continuée et de Didactique du Français (2001), 51-52

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See detailDevelopment of a test battery for assessing cognitive functions of elderly patients with Down syndrome
Georges, Michel ULg; Thewis, B.; Van der Linden, Martial ULg et al

in Revue de Neuropsychologie (2001), 11(4), 549-579

Post-mortem studies of Down syndrome (DS) individuals older than 35 years show that almost 100% of them develop the neuropathological symptoms of Alzheimer disease (AD). A test battery designed to assess ... [more ▼]

Post-mortem studies of Down syndrome (DS) individuals older than 35 years show that almost 100% of them develop the neuropathological symptoms of Alzheimer disease (AD). A test battery designed to assess several domains of cognition was administered to a group of 12 DS individuals older than 35 years. It proved sensitive to individual differences and thus appears to be appropriate for the observation of cognitive change linked to age. Statistical analyses do not reveal cognitive changes in the DS subjects after one year time. However qualitative analyses of individual profiles suggest a cognitive decline in one subject. Additionally, in a PET-scan examination, three subjects present a mild decrease in cerebral glucose metabolism similar to that usually observed in AD. An AD diagnostic though remains uncertain at this stage. [less ▲]

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See detailAlternative oxidase and uncoupling protein: thermogenesis versus cell energy balance.
Jarmuszkiewicz, W.; Sluse-Goffart, C.; Vercesi, A. et al

in Bioscience Reports (2001), 21(2), 213-222

The physiological role of an alternative oxidase and an uncoupling protein in plant and protists is discussed in terms of thermogenesis and energy metabolism balance in the cell. It is concluded that ... [more ▼]

The physiological role of an alternative oxidase and an uncoupling protein in plant and protists is discussed in terms of thermogenesis and energy metabolism balance in the cell. It is concluded that thermogenesis is restricted not only by a lower-limit size but also by a kinetically-limited stimulation of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. [less ▲]

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See detailPleiotropic Mutants Hypersensitive to Heavy Metals and to Oxidative Stress in Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii
Hanikenne, Marc ULg; Matagne, René F.; Loppes, Roland ULg

in FEMS Microbiology Letters (2001), 196(2),

Insertional mutagenesis was used in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to isolate original mutants hypersensitive to multiple drugs and physical agents. Out of 5200 transformants analyzed, 13 mutants belonging to ... [more ▼]

Insertional mutagenesis was used in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to isolate original mutants hypersensitive to multiple drugs and physical agents. Out of 5200 transformants analyzed, 13 mutants belonging to seven phenotypic classes were isolated. Five were exclusively sensitive to cadmium and represented two loci. The other mutants were pleiotropic and presented a cross sensitivity to several (2--6) of the following agents: cadmium, copper, lead, paraquat, hydrogen peroxide, UVC and light. In all mutants analyzed, the hypersensitive phenotype was most probably due to a single mutational event. The sensitivity of several pleiotropic mutants to a broad range of physical and chemical agents suggests that the disrupted genes are involved in multiple stress responses. [less ▲]

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See detailInfo-congres. La cochrane collaboration, porte-parole de la medecine factuelle.
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(11), 796-8

During the 9th International Cochrane Colloquium (Lyon October 9-13, 2001), around 700 participants discussed about how to make the evidence dissemination process more efficient in order to promote the ... [more ▼]

During the 9th International Cochrane Colloquium (Lyon October 9-13, 2001), around 700 participants discussed about how to make the evidence dissemination process more efficient in order to promote the Evidence-Based Medicine. The best evidence is summarized in systematic reviews of randomised and/or controlled clinical trials within the Cochrane Library which are prepared with a high methodological quality. However, these reviews should be completed to cover all medical domains, be actualized regularly, and, most importantly, be better known and more largely used by physicians in routine practice. All these objectives could not be attained without an official recognition and a financial support by the public health authorities. [less ▲]

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See detailAtomic transition probabilities in Bi II
Palmeri, P.; Quinet, Pascal ULg; Biémont, Emile ULg

in Physica Scripta (2001), 63

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See detailMolecular identification of three sympatric species of wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus, A-flavicollis, A-alpicola) in western Europe (Muridae : Rodentia)
Michaux, Johan ULg; Kinet, Séverine ULg; Filippucci, M. G. et al

in Molecular Ecology Notes (2001), 1(4), 260-263

The woodmouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) and yellow-necked fieldmouse (Apodelnus flavicollis) are sympatric and even syntopic in many regions throughout their European range. Their field discrimination on the ... [more ▼]

The woodmouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) and yellow-necked fieldmouse (Apodelnus flavicollis) are sympatric and even syntopic in many regions throughout their European range. Their field discrimination on the basis of external characters is a real challenge for many fields of research. The problem is even more complicated in the Alpine chain where they live sympatrically with a third similar species: A. alpicola. A rapid and simple method is proposed to discriminate the three species in processing field-collected biopsies as well as ethanol-preserved museum samples. [less ▲]

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See detailNeuromuscular transmission in migraine patients with prolonged aura
Ambrosini, Anna; MAERTENS DE NOORDHOUT, Alain ULg; SCHOENEN, Jean ULg

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (2001), 101(3), 166-70

P/Q Ca2+ channels are genetically abnormal in most cases of familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) and may be involved in other types of migraine. They are also found at the neuromuscular junctions, where ... [more ▼]

P/Q Ca2+ channels are genetically abnormal in most cases of familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) and may be involved in other types of migraine. They are also found at the neuromuscular junctions, where they control stimulation-induced acetylcholine release. Prolonged aura is a very frequent clinical feature in FHM patients. The objective of this study was thus to explore neuromuscular transmission in migraine with typical and prolonged aura patients. We performed single fiber electromyography (SFEMG) in such patients and compared them to a group of healthy volunteers. Results were expressed as mean jitter (MCD) and percentage of single endplate abnormalities. Mean MCD was on average comparable in controls and migraineurs. By contrast, single endplate abnormalities were only found in patients (p < 0.01), especially in those with prolonged aura (p < 0.001). These results suggest subtle impairment of neuromuscular transmission in a subgroup of migraineurs characterized by prolonged aura, which might be due to dysfunctioning P/Q Ca(2+)-channels. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of conventional controlled-rate freezing and vitrification on quality of bovine blasotcysts produced in vitro
Kaidi, Safia; Bernard, S.; Lambert, Philippe ULg et al

in Biology of Reproduction (2001), 65

This study compares the effects of conventional controlled-rate freezing and vitrification on the morphology and metabolism of in vitro-produced bovine blastocysts. Day 7 expanded blastocysts cultured in ... [more ▼]

This study compares the effects of conventional controlled-rate freezing and vitrification on the morphology and metabolism of in vitro-produced bovine blastocysts. Day 7 expanded blastocysts cultured in synthetic oviduct fluid with 5% fetal calf serum were frozen in 1.36 M glycerol, 0.25 M sucrose or vitrified in 25% glycerol, 25% ethylene glycol. Cell alterations and in vitro development were evaluated immediately after thawing or after 72 h. The effect of cryopreservation on inner cell mass and trophectoderm (TE) cell number as well as glucose, pyruvate, and oxygen uptakes, and lactate release by blastocysts were evaluated. Immediately after thawing, blastocysts showed equivalent cell membrane permeabilization after both cryopreservation procedures, while alterations in nuclear staining were more frequent in vitrified embryos. After culture, similar survival and hatching rates were observed. Both procedures decreased cell number immediately after thawing and after 72 h. However, the number of TE cells was lower in frozen embryos than in vitrified ones. In relation to this, frozen blastocysts showed a decrease in glucose, pyruvate, and oxygen uptake, although those parameters were not altered in vitrified embryos. An increased glycolytic activity was also observed in frozen embryos, indicating a stress response to this procedure. [less ▲]

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See detailMaxbias curves of robust scale estimators based on subranges
Croux, C.; Haesbroeck, Gentiane ULg

in Metrika (2001), 53(2), 101-122

A maxbias curve is a powerful tool to describe the robustness of an estimator. It is an asymptotic concept which tells how much an estimator can change due to a given fraction of contamination. In this ... [more ▼]

A maxbias curve is a powerful tool to describe the robustness of an estimator. It is an asymptotic concept which tells how much an estimator can change due to a given fraction of contamination. In this paper, maxbias curves are computed for some univariate scale estimators based on subranges: trimmed standard deviations, interquantile ranges and the univariate Minimum Volume Ellipsoid (MVE) and Minimum Covariance Determinant (MCD) scale estimators. These estimators are intuitively appealing and easy to calculate. Since the bias behavior of scale estimators may differ depending on the type of contamination (outliers or inliers), expressions for both explosion and implosion maxbias curves are given. On the basis of robustness and efficiency arguments, the MCD scale estimator with 25% breakdown point can be recommended for practical use. [less ▲]

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See detailM. Migeotte
Biémont, Emile ULg

in Nouvelle Bibliographie Nationale, Académie Royale de Belgique (2001), 6

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See detailInsecticide resistance gene transmission by insecticide-susceptible insects
Arnaud, Ludovic; Callaghan, Amanda; Haubruge, Eric ULg

in Functional Ecology (2001)

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See detailMatériaux manganates CMR… la voie vers une nouvelle génération de capteurs inductifs ?
Vanderbemden, Philippe ULg; Vertruyen, Bénédicte ULg

in Bulletin Scientifique de l'Association des Ingénieurs Electriciens sortis de l'Institut Electrotechnique Montefiore (2001), 4

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See detailRésumé C.E. n°89.185, du 31 juillet 2000, Van Den Borre
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Aménagement - Environnement (2001), 1

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See detailL'exercice physique pour prevenir l'obesite, favoriser l'amaigrissement et maintenir la perte ponderale.
Scheen, André ULg; Rorive, Marcelle ULg; Letiexhe, Michel ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(4), 244-7

Obesity is a multifactorial disease making difficult the determination of the precise role of one specific factor such as physical activity or sedentary. Nevertheless, numerous arguments, derived from ... [more ▼]

Obesity is a multifactorial disease making difficult the determination of the precise role of one specific factor such as physical activity or sedentary. Nevertheless, numerous arguments, derived from epidemiological observational studies or from randomized controlled interventional trials, support a favourable role of regular physical activity in the control of body weight. Physical activity contributes to prevent the occurrence of weight excess, especially in children or adolescents, to obtain a satisfactory weight loss, in general in combination with reduced-energy diets, and to maintain long-term weight loss. In addition, physical activity improves both the metabolic profile and health of obese subjects. [less ▲]

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