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See detailIdentification of structural determinants controlling human and mouse stromelysin-3 proteolytic activities
Noël, Agnès ULg; Santavicca, M.; Stoll, I. et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (1995), 270

Matrix metalloproteinases (matrixins) constitute a group of extracellular proteinases belonging to the metzincin superfamily. They are involved in both physiological and pathological tissue remodeling ... [more ▼]

Matrix metalloproteinases (matrixins) constitute a group of extracellular proteinases belonging to the metzincin superfamily. They are involved in both physiological and pathological tissue remodeling processes, including those associated with cancer progression. Stromelysin-3, which is expressed in most invasive human carcinomas, is a matrix metalloproteinase with unusual functional properties. In particular, its mature form does not cleave any of the major extracellular matrix components. To define critical structural determinants involved in controlling stromelysin-3 proteolytic activity, we have used site-directed mutagenesis. We show that the deletion of at least 175 C-terminal amino-acids is sufficient to endow mouse stromelysin-3 with activities against casein, laminin, and type IV collagen. In the case of the human enzyme, however, a further and single Ala-235 Pro substitution is necessary to observe similar activities. Ala-235, which characterizes human stromelysin-3 among matrixins, is located immediately after the C terminus of the “Met-turn,” which forms a hydrophobic basis for the catalytic zinc atom in the metzincin family. We conclude that human stromelysin-3 has gained specific functional properties during evolution by amino acid substitution in the catalytic zinc environment, and that it represents an attractive target for specific inhibitors that may be used to prevent cancer progression. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis and pharmacology of pyrid-3-ylsulfonylcyanoguanidines as diuretics
Masereel, B.; Dupont, L.; Laeckmann, D. et al

in European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (1995), 30

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See detail2,4,7-Trimethyl-2,3-dihydro-4H-pyrido[4,3-e]-1,2,4-thiadiazinium 1,1-dioxide iodide
Dupont, L.; Pirotte, Bernard ULg; De Tullio, Pascal ULg et al

in Acta Crystallographica (1995), C51

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See detailTroubles respiratoires subcliniques et intolérance à l'effort chez l'athlète équin
Art, Tatiana ULg; Ghafir, Y.; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Point Vétérinaire (1995), 27

In the sports horse, respiratory disorders - even subclinical - may lead to a decline in performance. This article gives an overview of several physiological and pathological characteristics of the equine ... [more ▼]

In the sports horse, respiratory disorders - even subclinical - may lead to a decline in performance. This article gives an overview of several physiological and pathological characteristics of the equine respiratory system, as well as the aetiology, symptoms, prevention and necessary treatment of the most common respiratory disorders encountered in equine practice (11 photos, 3 figures, 1 table, 4 boxes, 39 references) [less ▲]

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See detailMiospore Biozonation in the Middle Devonian - Lower Carboniferous of Europe : its application to Western Gondwana
Loboziak, S.; Streel, Maurice ULg

in Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias (1995), 67(3), 311-312

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See detailExperimenteel onderzoek naar het brandgedrag van kolommen in gewapend beton
Dotreppe, Jean-Claude ULg; Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Baus, Raymond et al

in Infrastructuur in het Leefmilieu (1995), 6

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See detailLes troubles obsessionnels compulsifs
Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULg

in stratégie thérapeutique (1995)

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See detailManagement of high turnover osteoporosis with calcitonin
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis Digest (1995), 3

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See detailMolecular cloning and characterization of a soluble inorganic pyrophosphatase in potato.
du Jardin, Patrick ULg; Rojas-Beltran, J.; Gebhardt, C. et al

in Plant Physiology (1995), 109(3), 853-60

A cDNA clone encoding a soluble inorganic pyrophosphatase (EC 3.6.1.1) of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) was isolated by screening a developing tuber library with a heterologous probe. The central domain ... [more ▼]

A cDNA clone encoding a soluble inorganic pyrophosphatase (EC 3.6.1.1) of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) was isolated by screening a developing tuber library with a heterologous probe. The central domain of the encoded polypeptide is nearly identical at the sequence level with its Arabidopsis homolog (J.J. Kieber and E.R. Signer [1991] Plant Mol Biol 16: 345-348). Computer-assisted analysis of the potato, Arabidopsis, and Escherichia coli soluble pyrophosphatases indicated a remarkably conserved organization of the hydrophobic protein domains. The enzymatic function of the potato protein could be deduced from the presence of amino acid residues highly conserved in soluble pyrophosphatases and was confirmed by its capacity to complement a thermosensitive pyrophosphatase mutation in E. coli. The potato polypeptide was purified from complemented bacterial cells and its pyrophosphatase activity was shown to be strictly dependent on Mg2+ and strongly inhibited by Ca2+. The subcellular location of the potato pyrophosphatase is unknown. Structure analysis of the N-terminal protein domain failed to recognize typical transit peptides and the calculated molecular mass of the polypeptide (24 kD) is significantly inferior to the values reported for the plastidic (alkaline) or mitochondrial pyrophosphatases in plants (28-42 kD). Two unlinked loci could be mapped by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis in the potato genome using the full-length cDNA as probe. [less ▲]

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See detailReaction Window in the single-electron capture by Ammonia Dications.
Leyh, Bernard ULg; Hoxha, Antuan

in Chemical Physics (1995), 192

Single-electron capture (SEC) by (NH3)2+ with rare gases (He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe) and benzene, (NH3)2++G->NH3++G+, has been investigated using a forward geometry double-focussing mass spectrometer. The SEC ... [more ▼]

Single-electron capture (SEC) by (NH3)2+ with rare gases (He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe) and benzene, (NH3)2++G->NH3++G+, has been investigated using a forward geometry double-focussing mass spectrometer. The SEC cross-section goes through a maximum within a reaction window centered at an exothermicity of approximately 4.5 eV. This corresponds to a target-projectile distance for the charge transfer of about 3.2 Angstöm. The average internal energy of NH3+-ions resulting from SEC has been obtained both via translational energy gain measurements and via an analysis of the daughter ion spectra. The agreement between both methods is satisfactory and shows that the lower the ionisation energy of the target, the more probable the excitation of NH3+ to the A2E state. With benzene (ionization energy=9.25 eV) as the target gas, however, the excess energy is converted partly to internal energy of C6H6+, leading most probably to the D2B2u, E2B1u and F2A1g states of C6H6+. A model based on the Landau-Zener non-adiabatic formalism, including one entrance channel (NH32++G) and two exit channels (NH3+ X2A"2+G+ and NH3+ A2E+G+) accounts qualitatively for the observed results in the case of exothermic single-electron capture. This model is not appropriate for slightly exothermic and endothermic charge transfer, i.e., in the present case, for the Ne and He target gases. [less ▲]

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See detailDisparités au sein du système éducatif en Communauté française de Belgique
Lafontaine, Dominique ULg

in Eduquer et former. Théories et pratiques (1995), 7

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See detailAneurysms of the abdominal aorta: familial and genetic aspects in three hundred thirteen pedigrees.
VERLOES, Alain ULg; SakalihasanN, Natzi ULg; Koulischer, Lucien ULg et al

in Journal of Vascular Surgery (1995), 21(4), 646-55

PURPOSE: Familial clustering of abdominal aortic aneurysm was first noticed in 1977. METHODS: Through questionnaire and phone inquiry, familial data on 324 probands with abdominal aortic aneurysms allowed ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE: Familial clustering of abdominal aortic aneurysm was first noticed in 1977. METHODS: Through questionnaire and phone inquiry, familial data on 324 probands with abdominal aortic aneurysms allowed the establishment of 313 multigenerational pedigrees including 39 with multiple affected patients. RESULTS: There were 276 sporadic cases (264 men, 12 women); 81 cases belonged to multiplex pedigrees (76 men; 5 women). We compared familial and sporadic male cases; the ages at diagnosis were 64.1 +/- 7.9 years and 66.0 +/- 7.3 years (p < 0.05), respectively, the ages at rupture were 65.4 +/- 6.6 years and 75.2 +/- 8.6 years (p < 0.001), and the rupture rate was 32.4% and 8.7% (p < 0.001). Survival curves were computed. Relative risk for male siblings of a male patient was 18. We performed a segregation analysis with the mixed model, the most likely explanation for occurrence of abdominal aortic aneurysm in our families was a single gene effect showing dominant inheritance. The frequency of the morbid allele was 1:250, and its age-related penetrance was not higher than 0.4. CONCLUSION: This analysis indicates the preeminence of genetic factors on multifactorial/environmental effects of the pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysm. [less ▲]

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See detailCatecholaminergic function and P300 amplitude in major depressive disorder (P300 and catecholamines).
Hansenne, Michel ULg; Pitchot, William ULg; Gonzalez Moreno, Antonio et al

in Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology (1995), 96(2), 194-6

The neurobiology of P300 is still a subject of controversy. P300 amplitude appears to be modulated by multiple neurotransmitter systems, especially dopaminergic, noradrenergic as well as cholinergic and ... [more ▼]

The neurobiology of P300 is still a subject of controversy. P300 amplitude appears to be modulated by multiple neurotransmitter systems, especially dopaminergic, noradrenergic as well as cholinergic and GABAergic. In this study, we investigated the relationship between P300 amplitude and catecholaminergic neurotransmission as assessed by the growth hormone (GH) response to clonidine and apomorphine challenges in 20 major depressive patients. Results showed a correlation of P300 amplitude with the apomorphine test (r = 0.54; P = 0.01), but not with the clonidine test (r = 0.22; NS). This study supports a role for dopamine in the neurobiological modulation of P300 amplitude. [less ▲]

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See detailNumber and relative size of thenar motor units estimated by an adapted multiple point stimulation method.
Wang, François-Charles ULg; Delwaide, Paul ULg

in Muscle & nerve (1995), 18(9), 969-79

An adapted multiple point stimulation (AMPS) method is described for estimating the number and relative size of thenar motor units. With this method, the median nerve was stimulated at various sites from ... [more ▼]

An adapted multiple point stimulation (AMPS) method is described for estimating the number and relative size of thenar motor units. With this method, the median nerve was stimulated at various sites from the wrist to the elbow. To avoid alternation, only two or three clearly identifiable surface-recorded motor unit action potentials (S-MUAPs) were recruited at each point by incremental stimulation. A total of 10 S-MUAPs, elicited from four to five distinct stimulation points, was used to calculate the average S-MUAP size. By dividing the maximum M-potential size by that value, a motor unit number estimate (MUNE) was derived. In 59 healthy volunteers, from 19 to 87 years old, the mean average S-MUAP size was 87 +/- 27.6 microV.ms and the mean MUNE was 278 +/- 113 motor units. When performed repeatedly, the results were reproducible. The number of motor units declined exponentially with age while average S-MUAP sizes increased only moderately. To assess the validity of the AMPS method, its results were correlated with those obtained using the F-response technique. The correlation coefficient was 0.83 (P < 0.001). [less ▲]

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See detailThe N- and C-termini of the tricarboxylate carrier are exposed to the cytoplasmic side of the inner mitochondrial membrane.
Capobianco, L.; Bisaccia, F.; Michel, A. et al

in FEBS Letters (1995), 357

Polyclonal antibodies were raised in rabbits against two synthetic peptides corresponding to the N- and C-terminal regions of the rat-liver mitochondrial tricarboxylate carrier. ELISA tests performed with ... [more ▼]

Polyclonal antibodies were raised in rabbits against two synthetic peptides corresponding to the N- and C-terminal regions of the rat-liver mitochondrial tricarboxylate carrier. ELISA tests performed with intact and permeabilized rat-liver mitoplasts showed that both anti-N-terminal and anti-C-terminal antibodies bind only to the cytoplasmic surface of the inner membrane, indicating that both termini of the membrane-bound tricarboxylate carrier are exposed to the mitochondrial intermembrane space. Furthermore, tryptic digestion of intact mitoplasts markedly decreased the binding of anti-N-terminal and anti-C-terminal antibodies to the tricarboxylate carrier. These results are consistent with an arrangement of the tricarboxylate carrier monomer into an even number of transmembrane segments, with the N- and C-termini protruding toward the cytosol. [less ▲]

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See detailBreakdown of the stereospecificity of DD-peptidases and beta-lactamases with thiolester substrates.
Damblon, Christian ULg; Zhao, G. H.; Jamin, M. et al

in Biochemical Journal (1995), 309 ( Pt 2)

With peptide analogues of their natural substrates (the glycopeptide units of nascent peptidoglycan), the DD-peptidases exhibit a strict preference for D-Ala-D-Xaa C-termini. Gly is tolerated as the C ... [more ▼]

With peptide analogues of their natural substrates (the glycopeptide units of nascent peptidoglycan), the DD-peptidases exhibit a strict preference for D-Ala-D-Xaa C-termini. Gly is tolerated as the C-terminal residue, but with a significantly decreased activity. These enzymes were also known to hydrolyse various ester and thiolester analogues of their natural substrates. Some thiolesters with a C-terminal leaving group that exhibited L stereochemistry were significantly hydrolysed by some of the enzymes, particularly the Actinomadura R39 DD-peptidase, but the strict specificity for a D residue in the penultimate position was fully retained. These esters and thiolesters also behave as substrates for beta-lactamases. In this case, thiolesters exhibiting L stereochemistry in the ultimate position could also be hydrolysed, mainly by the class-C and class-D enzymes. However, more surprisingly, the class-C Enterobacter cloacae P99 beta-lactamase also hydrolysed thiolesters containing an L residue in the penultimate position, sometimes with a higher efficiency than the D isomer. [less ▲]

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See detailL'hyperthyroïdie sévère associée à la prise d'amodarone: une urgence chirurgicale
Meurisse, Michel ULg; Hamoir, Etienne ULg; Joris, Jean ULg et al

in Revue Française d'Endocrinologie Clinique, Nutrition, et Métabolisme (La) (1995), 36(1), 35-45

L'évolution de certaines thyréotoxicoses associées à la prise d'amiodarone peut être particulièrement grave et rapide, menaçant le pronostic vital. De déclenchement brutal, sans relation avec la durée du ... [more ▼]

L'évolution de certaines thyréotoxicoses associées à la prise d'amiodarone peut être particulièrement grave et rapide, menaçant le pronostic vital. De déclenchement brutal, sans relation avec la durée du traitement par amiodarone, elles peuvent survenir aussi bien chez des sujets porteurs de thyroïdopathies méconnues ou négligées au moment de l'induction du traitement, que chez des patients apparemment indemnes de toute pathologie thyroïdienne pré-existante. Le traitement médical conservateur est le plus souvent inefficace. Dans ces cas, il convient de poser sans hésitation, l'indication d'une thyroïdectomie la plus radicale possible. Ce rapport traite de l'évolution post-opératoire spectaculaire et favorable de 13 cas consécutifs de thyréotoxicose sévère associée à la prise d'amiodarone. La validité de l'approche chirurgicale repose sur la correction rapide et définitive de l'état toxique après exérèse glandulaire. La morbidité quasi nulle liée au geste chirurgical est la seule alternative thérapeutique antithyroïdienne existante qui permette de poursuivre un traitement par amiodarone lorsque celui-ci est indiqué pour contrôler une arytmie menaçante [less ▲]

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See detailThe rationale to switch from postoperative hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy to preoperative hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy in rectal cancer
COUCKE, Philippe ULg; Sartirelli, Britta; Cuttat, Jean-François et al

in International Journal of Radiation, Oncology, Biology, Physics (1995), 32(1), 181-188

Purpose: To demonstrate the feasibility of preoperative Hyperfractionated Accelerated RadioTherapy (preop-HART) in rectal cancer and to explain the rationales to switch from postoperative HART to ... [more ▼]

Purpose: To demonstrate the feasibility of preoperative Hyperfractionated Accelerated RadioTherapy (preop-HART) in rectal cancer and to explain the rationales to switch from postoperative HART to preoperative HART. Methods and Materials: Fifty-two consecutive patients were introduced in successive Phase I trials since 1989. In trial 89-01, postoperative HART (48 Gy in 3 weeks) was applied in 20 patients. In nine patients with locally advanced rectal cancer, considered unresectable by the surgeon, 32 Gy in 2 weeks was applied prior to surgery (trial 89-02). Since 1991, 41.6 Gy in 2.5 weeks has been applied preoperatively to 23 patients with T3-T4 any N rectal cancer immediately followed by surgery (trial 91-01). All patients were irradiated at the department of radiation-oncology with a four-field box technique (1.6 Gy twice a day and with at least a 6-h interval between fractions). The minimal accelerating potential was 6 MV. Acute toxicity was scored according to the World Health Organization (WHO for skin and small bowel) and the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group criteria (RTOG for bladder). This was done weekly during treatment and every 3 months thereafter. Small bowel volume was estimated by a modified 'Gallagher's' method. Results: Acute toxicity was acceptable both in postoperative and preoperative setup. The mean acute toxicity was significantly lower in trial 91-01 compared to 89-01. This difference was due to the smaller amount of small bowel in irradiation field and lower total dose in trial 91-01. Moreover, there was a significantly reduced delay between surgery and radiotherapy favoring trial 91-01 (median delay 4 days compared to 46 days in trial 89-01). Nearly all patients in trial 89-02 and 91-01 underwent surgery (31 out of 32; 97%). Resection margins were negative in 29 out of 32. Hospitalization duration in trial 91- 01 was not significantly different from trial 89-01 (19 vs. 21 days, respectively). Conclusions: Hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy immediately followed by surgery is feasible as far as acute toxicity is concerned. Preoperative HART is favored by a significantly lower acute toxicity related, in part, to a smaller amount of irradiated small bowel, and a shorter duration of the delay between radiotherapy and surgery. Moreover, the hospital stay after preoperative HART is not significantly increased. [less ▲]

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See detailUn cimetière, une communauté, un espace : l’exemple liégeois
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Géographie et cultures (1995), 16

The article is the result of the study of 160 years of cemetery history in an urban region which houses today 510.000 peoples. It demonstrates the strong links between urban and rural communities and ... [more ▼]

The article is the result of the study of 160 years of cemetery history in an urban region which houses today 510.000 peoples. It demonstrates the strong links between urban and rural communities and their cemeteries. In order to do this, four points in cemetery history, chosen for the availability of reliable and comparable sources, have been chosen and described successively. Finally the article investigates the reasons for the exponential growth of requiered cemetery size. [less ▲]

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See detailRapamycin, FK506 and cyclosporin A inhibit human prolactin gene expression
Wera, Stefaan; Belayew, Alexandra; Martial, Joseph ULg

in FEBS Letters (1995), 358(2), 158-60

In this work we demonstrate that transcription of the human prolactin gene is inhibited by the immunosuppressants FK506 (IC50 = 25 nM), cyclosporin A (IC50 = 190 nM) and rapamycin (IC50 = 25 nM). Whereas ... [more ▼]

In this work we demonstrate that transcription of the human prolactin gene is inhibited by the immunosuppressants FK506 (IC50 = 25 nM), cyclosporin A (IC50 = 190 nM) and rapamycin (IC50 = 25 nM). Whereas the effect of FK506 and cyclosporin A is specific for prolactin gene transcription, rapamycin has a more general effect on transcription and/or translation in pituitary cells. In view of recent work demonstrating the immunoactivating role of prolactin, these results suggest that inhibition of prolactin gene expression in the pituitary may contribute to the mechanism of action of immunosuppressants. [less ▲]

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See detailMorphological Changes of Thymus in Retrovirus-Induced Murine Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (Maids)
de Leval, Laurence ULg; Deprez, Manuel ULg; Colombi, S. et al

in Pathology - Research & Practice (1995), 191(6), 506-12

The possible contribution of the thymus in the setting of acquired immunodeficiencies is still questioned. Here we report some new findings regarding a potential involvement of the thymus in mice infected ... [more ▼]

The possible contribution of the thymus in the setting of acquired immunodeficiencies is still questioned. Here we report some new findings regarding a potential involvement of the thymus in mice infected with RadLV-Rs, a viral mixture inducing murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (MAIDS). Thymi were sequentially removed, weighted and morphologically analyzed at different time intervals post-infection. Infection with RadLV-Rs led to a decrease in thymus weight mostly apparent from the fourth week. The first changes were seen at the third week as perivascular clusters of B-cells at the cortico-medullary junction. The ensuing process of atrophy mainly involved the cortex, while a mixed population of large T- and B-cells filled the medulla. These observations are discussed with regard to the pathological changes occurring in other lymphoid and non-lymphoid organs, in the context of the lymphoproliferation and immunodeficiency characterizing the disease, and by comparison with other models of retrovirus-induced immunodeficiencies. [less ▲]

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See detailMitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation injuries occurring in situ and in vitro.
Willet, K.; Vaz de Macedo, D.; DETRY, Olivier ULg et al

in Transplantation Proceedings (1995), 27

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See detailEffect of high osmolarity acclimation on tolerance to hyperosmotic shocks in L929 cultured cells.
Gilles, Raymond ULg; Belkhir, M.; Compère, Philippe ULg et al

in Tissue & Cell (1995), 27(6), 679-687

Application of abrupt, large hyperosmotic shocks induces in L929 cultured cells changes similar to those previously described in other cell types, notably a hypercondensation of the nuclear chromatin ... [more ▼]

Application of abrupt, large hyperosmotic shocks induces in L929 cultured cells changes similar to those previously described in other cell types, notably a hypercondensation of the nuclear chromatin. This paper shows that; 1) this phenomenon is concomitant with a complete disappearance of deoxyribonucleic acid, as visualized by immunogold labelling, from the nucleoplasmic spaces; 2) acclimation to high osmolarities (600 mOsm) by addition to the culture medium of NaCl, sorbitol or proline protects the cells from these effects, which appear to be largely attenuated-acclimated cells also survive much better to the osmotic shock than do control cells and; 3) the best protection seems to be provided by sorbitol and NaCl. Proline acclimation is less effective. These effects are discussed in terms of increased tolerance to NaCl load induced at the level of different macromolecules by so-called 'compensatory' organic compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailA propos des «carnets» d'un pacifiste chrétien : Jean Van Lierde
Jadoulle, Jean-Louis ULg

in Revue d'Histoire Religieuse du Brabant-Wallon (1995), t. IX(fasc. 1), 21-36

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See detailCombined radiotherapy and radioimmotherapy of human colon carcinoma grafted in nude mice.
Buchegger, F; Rojas, A; Delaloye, A et al

in Cancer Research (1995), 55

The effect of combined radioimmunotherapy (RIT) and fractionated external beam radiotherapy (RT) was assessed in two human colon cancer xenografts, Col 12 and LS174T in nude mice. These tumors were ... [more ▼]

The effect of combined radioimmunotherapy (RIT) and fractionated external beam radiotherapy (RT) was assessed in two human colon cancer xenografts, Col 12 and LS174T in nude mice. These tumors were selected for being resistant to RIT alone, as is usually the case in the clinical situation. Tumor-bearing mice were treated with a combination of five X-ray fractions over 5 days followed by RIT with two doses of 1.5 mCi 131I-labeled anticarcinoembryonic antigen monoclonal antibody F(ab')2. In Col 12 and LS174T, RIT alone achieved a regrowth delay similar to that of fractionated RT with total doses of 28 and 26 Gy, respectively. In both tumor types, an additive therapeutic effect, measured as increased regrowth delay or local control, was observed when combining RT of different dose levels with RIT. Normal tissue responses were assessed by monitoring acute peak skin reactions and blood cell count. Bone marrow depression for the combination treatment was similar to that of RIT alone; relative to skin, at equitoxic levels, no mice bearing Col 12 tumors were locally controlled with a 32 Gy RT dose alone, while this RT combined with RIT gave a local control of 100%. These studies show a therapeutic benefit when external beam RT is combined with RIT. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent advances in the chemistry of potassium channel openers
Pirotte, Bernard ULg; Fontaine, J.; Lebrun, P.

in Current Medicinal Chemistry (1995), 2

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See detailThe role of the Zairian Health Services in the Rwandan refugee crisis.
Porignon, Denis ULg; Noterman, J. P.; Hennart, P. et al

in Disasters (1995), 19(4), 356-60

In July 1994, a stream of Rwandan refugees entered the southern part of North Kivu Region, Zaire. The public health consequences of this crisis for the host population and health services have not been ... [more ▼]

In July 1994, a stream of Rwandan refugees entered the southern part of North Kivu Region, Zaire. The public health consequences of this crisis for the host population and health services have not been analysed up to now. The lack of human and financial resources did not prevent Zairian health structures and personnel from taking care of the many refugees settled outside the camps, following their arrival. The public health consequences of the crisis for the local population should be considered an integral part of the disaster. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effectiveness of combined oral lysine acetylsalicylate and metoclopramide compared with oral sumatriptan for migraine.
Tfelt-Hansen, P.; Henry, P.; Mulder, L. J. et al

in Lancet (1995), 346(8980), 923-6

Aspirin is commonly used to treat migraine attacks, although sumatriptan, a much more expensive treatment, is also effective. We compared a combination of lysine acetylsalicylate (equivalent to 900 mg ... [more ▼]

Aspirin is commonly used to treat migraine attacks, although sumatriptan, a much more expensive treatment, is also effective. We compared a combination of lysine acetylsalicylate (equivalent to 900 mg aspirin) and 10 mg metoclopramide (LAS+MTC) with oral sumatriptan (100 mg) and placebo in 421 patients with migraine. LAS+MTC was as effective as sumatriptan with a decrease of headache from severe or moderate to mild or none of 57% and 53%, respectively, for the first migraine attack treated. Both treatments were better than placebo (success rate 24%, p < 0.0001). LAS+MTC was significantly more effective in the treatment of nausea than sumatriptan (p < 0.0001) and was better tolerated (adverse events in 18% and 28%, respectively, p < 0.05). LAS+MTC is as effective as sumatriptan in the treatment of migraine attacks. It is also much cheaper. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysiological measurements in horses after strenuous exercise in hot, humid conditions
Art, Tatiana ULg; Votion, Dominique ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (1995), 20

The purpose of this study was 1) to measure and compare some physiological parameters in horses during a standardised treadmill exercise performed either in temperate atmospheric conditions (TC) (ambient ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was 1) to measure and compare some physiological parameters in horses during a standardised treadmill exercise performed either in temperate atmospheric conditions (TC) (ambient temperature: 15 degrees C; relative humidity: 55%), or in hot and humid conditions (HHC) (ambient temperature: 30 degrees C; relative humidity: 75%) and 2) to follow the recovery of the same horses during 1 h after both tests. Five healthy fit Standardbred horses were investigated twice at 8 days interval, in TC and in HHC. Some measurements were made during a standardised treadmill exercise test (SET), others during a 1 h recovery period. The SET consisted of 8 min warm-up and 8 min exercise. During the SET, respiratory airflow and O2 and CO2 fraction in the respiratory gases were continuously recorded, using 2 ultrasonic pneumotachographs connected to a face mask and a mass spectrometer. Oxygen uptake (VO2), carbon dioxide output, respiratory quotient and expired minute volume (VE) were obtained on a breath-by-breath basis. The maximal values obtained during the highest intensity of the SET and the values obtained 2 min after the end of the test were used for the comparison between both tests. Heart rate (HR) and skin temperature were continuously recorded, using a heart rate recording system and a real time infrared thermographic unit, respectively. After both SETs in TC and HHC, the horses recovered in TC. Heart rate, respiratory frequency (f) and rectal temperature were regularly measured during 1 h after the test. Venous blood was sampled after the completion of the test for biochemical analysis, namely plasma electrolytes and enzymatic activities. Exercising in HHC induced a reduction of the aerobic metabolism to the total energy requirement, i.e. a 20% decrease of VO2 and 55% increase in lactate, as well as a decrease in VE. The increase in rectal and skin temperature, the dehydration and the weight loss were higher in HHC than in TC. During the recovery period the HR and f remained higher up to 30 min after the end of the SET in HHC while the rectal temperature remained higher up to 60 min after the end of this test. Therefore, despite the fact that our horses recovered in TC after exercising in HHC, there were significant differences between their physiological parameters measured during the recovery. This means that the recovery in air-conditioned unit would probably be an insufficient measure to ensure an adequate cooling of the horses and justify consequently the adaptations proposed by the Federation Equestre Internationale (FEI), i.e. the decrease of the distance of the run and the increase of the time devoted to the halt between phases [less ▲]

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See detailProblèmes rencontrés par des stagiaires dans l’enseignement des activités physiques et sportives. Analyse par la technique des incidents critiques
Beckers-Ledent, Maryse; Delfosse, Catherine; Cloes, Marc ULg et al

in Revue de l'Education Physique (1995), 35(1), 37-48

Les auteurs se sont attachés à identifier les problèmes rencontrés par des futurs enseignants lorsqu'ils font face à une classe. Il est évident qu'il est primordial de dépasser le simple aspect descriptif ... [more ▼]

Les auteurs se sont attachés à identifier les problèmes rencontrés par des futurs enseignants lorsqu'ils font face à une classe. Il est évident qu'il est primordial de dépasser le simple aspect descriptif des problèmes pour analyser les conduites adoptées par l'enseignant pour les résoudre et de découvrir sa perception de l'efficacité de son intervention. [less ▲]

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See detailReeducacion de la artroplastia de rodilla EMG de superfice como metodo de evaluacion
Villanueva, X.; Maertens de Noordhout, B.; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Dolor & Inflammacion (1995), 8

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See detailHow should zoster trials be conducted?
Wood, M. J.; Balfour, Hank; Beutner, Karl et al

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (1995), 36(6), 1089-1101

In 1994, an international group of interested clinicians and biostatisticians met to discuss the design of clinical trials in herpes tester. They agreed that trials in herpes tester should have ... [more ▼]

In 1994, an international group of interested clinicians and biostatisticians met to discuss the design of clinical trials in herpes tester. They agreed that trials in herpes tester should have prospectively agreed definitions of all outcome measures and plans for data analysis. In immunocompetent individuals, in whom pain is the major outcome measure, trials should only include patients over the age of 50 years, and for those recruited within 72 fi of rash onset, should be designed to demonstrate superiority of any new therapy over existing antivirals. The primary endpoint should be time to cessation of pain for at least 4 weeks and, for the purposes of statistical analysis of its duration, the pain associated with herpes tester ought to be considered as a continuum. All other variables, including the incidence of post-herpetic neuralgia and effects upon quality of life should be considered as secondary end-points. Evaluation of treatment effects on primary endpoints should be based upon an intent-to-treat (ITT) analysis and subgroup analysis should be used only to support the findings of the ITT analysis. These elements of good study design should be borne in mind in the evaluation of current and future trails of antiviral drugs in herpes zoster. [less ▲]

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See detailRespiratory adjustments in unacclimatised horses exercised under hot, humid conditions
Art, Tatiana ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (1995), 18

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a hot and humid environment on the pattern of breathing and the gas exchange in heavily exercising horses. Five healthy fit Standardbred horses ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a hot and humid environment on the pattern of breathing and the gas exchange in heavily exercising horses. Five healthy fit Standardbred horses were investigated twice at 8 day intervals, once in temperate conditions (TC) (ambient temperature: 15°C; relative humidity: 55%) and once in hot and humid conditions (HHC) (ambient temperature: 30°C; relative humidity: 75%). The standardised treadmill exercise test consisted of 8 min warm-up and 8 min exercise (1 min at 1.7, 4, 7, 8, 9 and 10 m/s and 2 min at 4 m/s with a 6% slope). Running in HHC induced a significant decrease in peak expired minute volume (VE), oxygen uptake (VO2), VCO2 and oxygen pulse, while RQ remained unchanged and PACO2 increased. The changes in skin temperature (ST), i.e. the difference between ST at rest and at 10 m/s, was dramatically higher in HHC. The test induced changes, i.e. the differences between the values before and after the test, in cortisol, (beta-endorphins and plasma lactate (LA) values after the test were significantly higher. This study showed that performing a strenuous exercise in hot, humid conditions in unacclimatised horses induced a reduction of the aerobic capacity, i.e. decrease of the V02 and increase of LA production. A relative hypoventilation could be partly responsible for this observation, but all the steps of the oxygen transport from the pulmonary ventilation to the muscle metabolism could also potentially be impaired in such conditions [less ▲]

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See detailUtilisation de la paille dans des rations d'engraissement: ingestion, dynamique de la digestion et cinétique de dégradabilité dans le rumen
Mayombo, Asangule Pierre; Van Eenaeme, Christian ULg; Gauthier, Sabine et al

in Annales de Zootechnie (1995), 44

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See detailGeographical research in Belgium : remote sensing and photo-interpretation
Donnay, Jean-Paul ULg; Wilmet, Jules

in Bulletin de la Société Belge d'Etudes Géographiques (1995), 2

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See detailDictyonema interruptum, new for the Pyrenees
Etayo, Javier; Diederich, Paul; Sérusiaux, Emmanuël ULg

in Graphis Scripta (1995), 7

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See detailTreatment of patent ductus arteriosus by placement of intravascular coils in a pup
Snaps, Frédéric ULg; Mc Entee, Kathleen ULg; Saunders, J. et al

in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association [=JAVMA] (1995), 6(6), 724-725

A 3-month-old female mixed-breed pup was referred for evaluation and treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Selective angiography was performed to confirm the diagnosis. A cone-shaped PDA with a ... [more ▼]

A 3-month-old female mixed-breed pup was referred for evaluation and treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Selective angiography was performed to confirm the diagnosis. A cone-shaped PDA with a large aortic base was outlined. A second selective angiographic procedure was performed to functionally close the PDA by use of thrombotic coils; complete obstruction was obtained. Twenty-four hours after the procedure, the murmur disappeared. One month later, the dog was reexamined and found to be clinically normal. [less ▲]

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See detailPhospholipid-Binding And Lecithin-Cholesterol Acyltransferase Activation Properties Of Apolipoprotein-A-I Mutants
Holvoet, P.; Zhao, Za.; Vanloo, B. et al

in Biochemistry (1995), 34(41), 13334-42

Recombinant human apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I) and three deletion mutants: apo A-I(delta Leu44-Leu126), apo A-I(delta Glu139-Leu170), and apo A-I(delta Ala190-Gln243), purified from the periplasmic space ... [more ▼]

Recombinant human apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I) and three deletion mutants: apo A-I(delta Leu44-Leu126), apo A-I(delta Glu139-Leu170), and apo A-I(delta Ala190-Gln243), purified from the periplasmic space of Escherichia coli, were studied. The rate of turbidity decrease following mixing of apo A-I(delta Ala190-Gln243) with dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) vesicles at 23 degrees C was 10-fold lower than that of the other apo A-I proteins, confirming that the carboxy-terminal region of apo A-I plays a role in rapid lipid binding. The Stokes radii of reconstituted high-density lipoproteins (rHDL), containing dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine and cholesterol, were larger for the three apo A-I mutants [6.3 nm for apo A-I(delta Leu44-Leu126), 6.1 nm for apo A-I(delta Glu139-Leu170), and 6.5 nm for apo A-I(delta Ala190-Gln243)] than for intact apo A-I (5.0 nm). The mutant rHDL all contained 4 apo A-I molecules per particle as compared to 2 for intact apo A-I. Circular dichroism measurements revealed 8 alpha-helices per apo A-I molecule, 5 per apo A-I(delta Leu44-Leu126), 6 per apo A-I(delta Glu139-Leu170), and 4 per apo A-I(delta Ala190-Gln243) molecule as compared to predicted values of 8, 5, 6, and 6 alpha-helices, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailInverse Modulation of Intraepithelial Langerhans' Cells and Stromal Macrophage/Dendrocyte Populations in Human Papillomavirus-Associated Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix
Al-Saleh, Walid; Delvenne, Philippe ULg; Arrese Estrada, Jorge ULg et al

in Virchows Archiv : An International Journal of Pathology (1995), 427(1), 41-8

Ninety-four cervical biopsies from normal tissue to high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (SILs) were examined for the presence of intraepithelial Langerhans' cells and subpopulations of stromal ... [more ▼]

Ninety-four cervical biopsies from normal tissue to high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (SILs) were examined for the presence of intraepithelial Langerhans' cells and subpopulations of stromal macrophages/dendrocytes by immunohistochemistry using anti-S100, -L1, -CD68 and -factor XIIIa antibodies. Human papillomavirus (HPV) detection was performed in all cases by using first a mixture of DNA probes for 14 HPV types commonly found in anogenital biopsies at low stringency conditions (Tm -40 degrees C) and by reanalyzing the tissues at high stringency (Tm -10 degrees C) with HPV 6/11, 16/18 and 31/33/35 biotinylated probe cocktails and individual digoxigenin-labelled probes. SILs and metaplastic tissues were significantly associated with a depletion of S100-positive intraepithelial Langerhans' cells when compared with normal epithelium. In contrast, there was a significant increase in L1-positive stromal macrophages in SIL biopsies compared with normal or metaplastic cervix. A significantly higher density of CD68-positive macrophages was also observed in high-grade SILs compared with normal or metaplastic biopsies and with low-grade SILs. The density of factor XIIIa-positive dendrocytes was found to be higher in SILs compared with metaplastic tissues and in high-grade SILs when compared with normal cervical biopsies. No specific relationship was found between the densities of these cells and the HPV type detected in SILs separated into low grade and high grade. The significance of this inverse modulation of intraepithelial Langerhans' cells and stromal macrophages/dendrocytes in normal and SIL biopsies is discussed in relation to HPV infection and malignant transformation. [less ▲]

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See detailSerological and cutaneous testing of bovine tuberculosis with the A60 antigen complex from Mycobacterium bovis, strain Calmette-Guérin
Saegerman, Claude ULg

in Preventive Veterinary Medicine (1995), 23

A60, a major thermostable macromolecular antigen complex of Mycobacterium bovis strain Calmette-Guerin (BCG), is immunodominant in tuberculosis and able to elicit both humoral and cellular immune ... [more ▼]

A60, a major thermostable macromolecular antigen complex of Mycobacterium bovis strain Calmette-Guerin (BCG), is immunodominant in tuberculosis and able to elicit both humoral and cellular immune reactions in infected hosts. A60-based ELISA and cutaneous tests have been used, in conjunction with the PPD-based skin reaction, in a control group of healthy animals, and in a herd including tuberculous animals. Cutaneous testing with A60 yielded results comparable with those with PPD: both were negative with control cattle and positive with infected animals. Moreover, comparative cutaneous testing with avian tuberculin yielded similar results with PPD and A60. When animals from the infected herd were tested with both avian and bovine sensitins, 54% of cattle were diagnosed as fully positive, 26% suspect, and 20% negative. Serological analysis with the A60-ELISA of part of the infected herd yielded 74% positive, 21% suspect and 5% negative results. Thus, positivity was 74% for serological analysis and 54% for cutaneous testing, whereas positive plus suspect results were 95% for serological analysis and 80% for cutaneous testing. It can be concluded that A60 can be used in place of PPD for cutaneous testing in cattle, and that the diagnostic value of the A60-ELISA is superior to that of the PPD-cutaneous test. [less ▲]

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See detailImportance of Cell Kinetics Rhythmicity for the Control of Cell Proliferation and Carcinogenesis in Rat Liver (Review)
Barbason, Hervé ULg; Herens, Christian ULg; Robaye, B. et al

in In Vivo (Athens, Greece) (1995), 9(6, Nov-Dec), 539-48

The circadian control of cell Proliferation and Differentiation has been studied principally in rat liver. The comparison between the differentiation by hepatic enzymes and the division by the cell cycle ... [more ▼]

The circadian control of cell Proliferation and Differentiation has been studied principally in rat liver. The comparison between the differentiation by hepatic enzymes and the division by the cell cycle under various experimental conditions (postnatal maturation, regeneration after partial hepatectomy, adrenalectomy, corticosterone treatments etc.) leads to the following conclusions: Under physiological conditions, proliferation and differentiation activities present a mutually exclusive relationship with a specific circadian rhythm. For both functions, the circadian variation of corticosterone plays the role of synchronizer, each evening (peak) it induces the synthesis of tissue specific enzymes in G0 cells and simultaneously inhibits the DNA synthesis in cycling cells. The same parameters have been studied during the different stages of hepatocarcinogenesis induced by Diethylnitrosamine (DEN). After initiation alone, (DEN for 2 weeks) circadian control is unchanged and precancerous cells are not able to reach malignancy. Promotion (DEN for 6 weeks) consists of disturbing the circadian synchronization to liberate the selective growth of initiated precancerous cells. This proliferation advantage favours the accumulation of chromosomal aberrations including those implicated in malignant transformation: i.e. activation of oncogenes or inhibition of antioncogenes. [less ▲]

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See detailLes aliments à objectif nutritionnel particulier chez les carnivores domestiques: les nouvelles directives de la Communauté Européenne et leur application pratique dans le cadre du traitement de l'obésité
Diez, Marianne ULg; Leemans, M.; Houins, G. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1995), 139

Specific - purpose food in compagnion animals: the new directories of the European Community and practical use in the treatment of obesity. Specific - purpose foods are often suggested by veterinarians in ... [more ▼]

Specific - purpose food in compagnion animals: the new directories of the European Community and practical use in the treatment of obesity. Specific - purpose foods are often suggested by veterinarians in the treatment of many diseases in compagnion animals. From 01/07/95, the directories of the European Community are applied. The present paper gives a reading of these directories and comments on the characteristics of these foods, the specific - purpose objectives and their use. Finaly, a dietetical approach of obesity is described using the different types of specific-purpose foods actually on the mark. [less ▲]

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See detailToxicité potentielle et utilisation pratique du méthotrexate dans la polyarthrite rhumatoïde
Kaye, O.; Ribbens, Clio ULg; Hauwaert, Christian ULg et al

in Médecine et Hygiène (1995)

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See detailRat heart-aorta cluster transplantation : a novel model to study transplant rejection
D'Silva, Milbhor; Candidas, D.; Lee, S. et al

in Transplant International (1995), (8), 298-306

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See detailTransgenic mice expressing the human heat shock protein 70 have improved post-ischemic myocardial recovery.
Plumier, Jean-Christophe ULg; Ross, B.; Currie, R. W. et al

in Journal of Clinical Investigation (1995), 95(4), 1854-60

Heat shock treatment induces expression of several heat shock proteins and subsequent post-ischemic myocardial protection. Correlations exist between the degree of stress used to induce the heat shock ... [more ▼]

Heat shock treatment induces expression of several heat shock proteins and subsequent post-ischemic myocardial protection. Correlations exist between the degree of stress used to induce the heat shock proteins, the amount of the inducible heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and the level of myocardial protection. The inducible HSP70 has also been shown to be protective in transfected myogenic cells. Here we examined the role of human inducible HSP70 in transgenic mouse hearts. Overexpression of the human HSP70 does not appear to affect normal protein synthesis or the stress response in transgenic mice compared with nontransgenic mice. After 30 min of ischemia, upon reperfusion, transgenic hearts versus nontransgenic hearts showed significantly improved recovery of contractile force (0.35 +/- 0.08 versus 0.16 +/- 0.05 g, respectively, P < 0.05), rate of contraction, and rate of relaxation. Creatine kinase, an indicator of cellular injury, was released at a high level (67.7 +/- 23.0 U/ml) upon reperfusion from nontransgenic hearts, but not transgenic hearts (1.6 +/- 0.8 U/ml). We conclude that high level constitutive expression of the human inducible HSP70 plays a direct role in the protection of the myocardium from ischemia and reperfusion injury. [less ▲]

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See detailINVESTIGATION OF THE ELECTRICAL-RESISTIVITY BEHAVIOR BETWEEN THE KOSTERLITZ-THOULESS TEMPERATURE AND THE GINZBURG-LANDAU TEMPERATURE IN SPRAY-DRIED BULK BI2SR2CACU2O8+D - THE ROLE OF 2-DIMENSIONAL FLUCTUATIONS AND DEFECTS
Ausloos, Marcel ULg; Bougrine, Hassan ULg; DUVIGNEAUD, P. H. et al

in Physica C (1995), 251(3-4), 337-347

The resistive transition R(T) between the Kosterlitz-Thouless temperature and the Ginzburg-Landau temperature was studied in spray-dried bulk Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+d superconductors for a magnetic-field range ... [more ▼]

The resistive transition R(T) between the Kosterlitz-Thouless temperature and the Ginzburg-Landau temperature was studied in spray-dried bulk Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+d superconductors for a magnetic-field range between 0 and 0.3 T. The samples were prepared by the spray-drying technique with Bi2+xSr2-x-yCa2+yCu2O8+d for x = y = 0.05 or 0.1 as a starting composition here. The data analysis was performed assuming various resistive laws previously proposed. When numerically analyzed in terms of a two-dimensional Kosterlitz-Thouless theory the results lead to remarkable quantitative agreement. This implies that the R(T) behavior can be described within a picture of a highly two-dimensional behavior of macroscopic fluctuations of vortex-antivortex depairing type. The role of defects or inhomogeneities in the resistive behavior is outlined. [less ▲]

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See detailMessenger RNA expression for a TSH receptor variant in the thymus of a two-year old child
Paschke, Ralf; Geenen, Vincent ULg

in Journal of Molecular Medicine (1995), 73577-580

We recently described the presence of a TSH receptor variant in orbital tissues. The presence of this TSH receptor variant in the thymus suggests that induction of immune tolerance to this TSH receptor ... [more ▼]

We recently described the presence of a TSH receptor variant in orbital tissues. The presence of this TSH receptor variant in the thymus suggests that induction of immune tolerance to this TSH receptor-transcript is possible. A lack of tolerance induction for this TSH receptor variant could provide an explanation for a possible antigenic link between Graves' disease and thyroid-associated orbitopathy. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative assessment of right ventricular performance from the pressure-volume relationship in double-muscled and conventional calves.
Amory, Hélène ULg; Mc Entee, Kathleen ULg; Linden, Annick ULg et al

in Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research = Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire (1995), 59(2), 135-141

Forty-one and 55 records of right-sided and systemic arterial pressures, cardiac output, and end-diastolic and end-systolic right ventricular volumes were collected from a group of 6 conventional and 6 ... [more ▼]

Forty-one and 55 records of right-sided and systemic arterial pressures, cardiac output, and end-diastolic and end-systolic right ventricular volumes were collected from a group of 6 conventional and 6 double-muscled calves, respectively. In each group, the mean right ventricular pressure-volume loop was constructed. Global cardiac performance was significantly lower in the double-muscled than in the conventional calves. The right ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes, as well as the diastolic portion of the mean pressure-volume loop, were similar in the 2 groups. Those results suggest that the reduced cardiac performance of double-muscled calves is not due to a lowered ventricular preload and that diastolic properties of their myocardium are similar to those of conventional calves. When expressed on a body weight basis, however, the right ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes were lower in the double-muscled than in conventional calves. When expressed as a function of probable metabolic demand, therefore, the volumetric capacity of the cardiac pump appears to be reduced in double-muscled calves. The significantly lower right ventricular ejection fraction, maximal rate of ventricular pressure rise and right ventricular peak-systolic pressure to end-systolic volume ratio measured in double-muscled as compared with conventional calves suggest that reduced myocardial contractility may also be partly responsible for the significantly lower stroke index of the former calves. The cardiac pump of double-muscled cattle thus seems to be less effective than that of conventional cattle because of reduced volumetric capacity and lowered strength of contraction. [less ▲]

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See detailSIMULTANEOUS OBSERVATIONS OF THE SATURNIAN AURORA AND POLAR HAZE WITH THE HST/FOC
Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; DOLS, V.; Grodent, Denis ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Letters (1995), 22(20), 2685-2688

Near simultaneous observations of the Saturnian H-2 north ultraviolet aurora and the polar haze were made at 153 nm and 210 nm respectively with the Faint Object Camera on board the post-COSTAR Hubble ... [more ▼]

Near simultaneous observations of the Saturnian H-2 north ultraviolet aurora and the polar haze were made at 153 nm and 210 nm respectively with the Faint Object Camera on board the post-COSTAR Hubble Space Telescope. The auroral observations cover a complete rotation of the planet and, when co-added, they reveal the presence of an auroral emission near 80 degrees N with a brightness of about 150 kR of total H-2 emission. The maximum vertical optical depth at 210 nm is found to be located similar to 5 degrees equatorward of the auroral emission zone. The haze particles are presumably formed by hydrocarbon aerosols initiated by H-2(+) auroral production. In this case, the 3 x 10(10) W of H-2 emission observed with the FOG, combined with the deduced haze optical depth requires an efficiency of aerosol formation of about 7%. This result indicates that auroral production of hydrocarbon aerosols is a viable source of high-latitude haze. [less ▲]

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See detailLe rôle du foie dans l'homéostasie glucidique: une relecture des travaux de Claude Bernard
Lefebvre, P.; PAQUOT, Nicolas ULg; SCHEEN, André ULg

in Journées Annuelles de Diabetologie de l'Hôtel-Dieu (1995)

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See detailGH receptor gene TaqI RFLP and milk traits in Italian Holstein-Friesian and Simmental cattle.
Falaki, Mohamed; Renaville, Robert ULg; Sneyers, Myriam et al

in Journal of Animal Science (1995), 73(Suppl 1), 113

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See detailNF-kappaB transcription factor activation by hydrogen peroxide can be decreased by 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid and its ethylester derivative
Sappey, Christine; Boelaert, J. R.; Legrand-Poels, Sylvie ULg et al

in Archives of Biochemistry & Biophysics (1995)

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See detailCellular and molecular aspects of thymic T-cell education to neurohypophysial peptides
Geenen, Vincent ULg; Martens, Henri ULg; Vandersmissen, Eric et al

in Excerpta Medica (1995), 1098

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See detailTroubles du rythme et risques somatiques chez le petit enfant
Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg

in Thérapie Psychomotrice et Recherches (1995), 102

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See detailPathophysiological response of bovine diaphragm function to gastric distension
Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Linden, Annick ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Journal of Applied Physiology (1995), 78

Because of the anatomic association of an exceptionally bulky stomach with a striking compartmentation of the chest wall, leading to the most cranial insertion of the diaphragm among mammals, gastric ... [more ▼]

Because of the anatomic association of an exceptionally bulky stomach with a striking compartmentation of the chest wall, leading to the most cranial insertion of the diaphragm among mammals, gastric overdistension in the bovine species offers a unique pathophysiological condition for the diaphragm. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether increased intragastric pressure (Pga) (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 kPa) leads to perturbations of respiratory and diaphragm function in calves. Changes in diaphragmatic strength and inspiratory action followed a biphasic pattern: 1) transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi) in response to constant bilateral maximal phrenic nerve stimulation at 30 Hz increased with moderate gastric distension and then fell abruptly as Pga continued to rise and 2) the magnitude of the ratio of the fall in pleural pressure to total Pdi was maintained up to a Pga amounting to 2 kPa but declined at higher pressures. We conclude that gastric distension in the bovine species provokes physiologically significant alterations of the diaphragm excitation-to-pressure generation coupling as well as of its capacity to convert Pdi into useful inspiratory pleural pressure. We suggest that these perturbations resulted from the combination of 1) altered tension-generating capacity due to compromised perfusion, 2) altered diaphragm geometry capable of altering tension-to-pressure generation coupling, and 3) modified coupling of the diaphragm with the chest wall that reduced its ability to drive inspiration [less ▲]

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See detailLa gestion agro-économique dans la Cordillère Nord-Andine
Cotler, Helena; Bock, Laurent ULg; Mathieu, Léon

in Cahiers de la Recherche-Développement (Les) (1995), (42), 28-45

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See detailPathophysiological response of bovine pulmonary function to gastric distension
Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Linden, Annick ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Journal of Comparative Pathology (1995), 112

The purpose was to determine whether gastric overdistension leads to lifethreatening perturbations of pulmonary gas exchange in healthy calves. Six animals were studied with normal (0 kPa) and increased ... [more ▼]

The purpose was to determine whether gastric overdistension leads to lifethreatening perturbations of pulmonary gas exchange in healthy calves. Six animals were studied with normal (0 kPa) and increased (1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 kPa) intragastric pressure (IGP). Changes in pleural pressures and peak expiratory flow paralleled those of IGP. Inspiratory pressure-time index remained stable throughout the insufflation process. Pulmonary function values were characterized by abrupt changes with increasing IGP. Tidal volume declined as IGP increased and, along with inspiratory flow, decreased abruptly with the highest pressure (5 kPa). Respiratory rate progressively increased up to an IGP of 4 kPa, then decreased by 30%, due to breath-holding at the end of inspiration. Minute volume increased with IGP up to 4 kPa, but dramatically declined at 5 kPa. Total pulmonary resistance remained stable throughout the insufflation process, whereas lung dynamic compliance fell abruptly to one-half of its baseline value at IGPs of 1 kPa and above. Arterial oxygen tension was maintained at an IGP of 1 kPa, slightly diminished at 2–3 kPa, and markedly decreased at 4–5 kPa. Hypercapnia and respiratory acidosis developed progressively with increasing IGP. Changes in arterial gases were probably due to a combination of (1) alveolar hypoventilation, caused by altered tidal to dead space volume ratio, inadequate central nervous system “drive”, altered effectiveness of inspiratory muscle action, or end-inspiratory breath-holding, and (2) ventilation to perfusion mismatch, caused by perfusion of collapsed lung units. In the range of IGPs used, standardized arterial pH did not decline below the control value, which suggests that perfusion of peripheral tissues remained sufficient, and that respiratory failure rather than cardiovascular failure may be the principal physiopathological effect of increased gastric pressure [less ▲]

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See detailFactors regulating megakaryocyte progenitor commitment to polyploidization.
Paulus, Jean-Michel ULg; Grosdent, J C; Prenant, M et al

in Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences. Série III. Sciences de la Vie (1995), 318(3), 381-6

Recognizable megakaryocytes are polyploid cells generated by a clonogenic, diploid progenitor, termed CFU-MKC (colony forming unit, megakaryocyte). In order to quantify polyploidization, ploidy histograms ... [more ▼]

Recognizable megakaryocytes are polyploid cells generated by a clonogenic, diploid progenitor, termed CFU-MKC (colony forming unit, megakaryocyte). In order to quantify polyploidization, ploidy histograms of megakaryocytes determined by microphotometric or flow cytometric measurements of megakaryocyte DNA have generally been used. However these techniques provide no information on the rate of commitment of CFU-MKC to polyploidy. Using a technique of clonal analysis determining the distributions of the number of doublings (NbD) undergone by CFU-MKC before committing to polyploidization, the polyploidization probability of CFU-MKC could be derived. This probability was found to be a constant independent from CFU-MKC mitotic history, since NbD distributions are exponential functions characterized by a constant rate of decay per doubling. By studying the effects of growth factors on polyploidization probability, it was also shown that: (1) this parameter is negatively regulated by growth factors contained in poke-weed or WEHI conditioned media, as well as by erythropoietin; (2) commitment to polyploidization does not require prior CFU-MKC division; (3) bipotent erythroid-megakaryocyte progenitors have a lower polyploidization probability than CFU-MKC; (4) determination of polyploidization probability reflects the activity of growth factors with greater accuracy than megakaryocyte colony count. [less ▲]

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See detailClinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic improvements after L-carnitine supplementation in cardiomyopathic dog.
Mc Entee, Kathleen ULg; Clercx, Cécile ULg; Snaps, Frédéric ULg et al

in Canine Practice (1995), 20(2), 12-15

In dogs suffering from dilated cardiomyopathy, myocardial concentrations of L-carnitine are sometimes very low. A Labrador suffering from dilated cardiomyopathy was treated with L-carnitine. The dog ... [more ▼]

In dogs suffering from dilated cardiomyopathy, myocardial concentrations of L-carnitine are sometimes very low. A Labrador suffering from dilated cardiomyopathy was treated with L-carnitine. The dog showed a clear and rapid clinical improvement as well as an improvement of electrocardiographic and echocardiographic indices of cardiac function. Screening by myocardial biopsy in dogs affected by dilated cardiomyopathy and in susceptible breeds is recommended. The dog had been maintained on a strict vegetarian diet. [less ▲]

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See detailMethode d’évaluation radiologique du parage et de l’extremité digitée du cheval dans un plan frontal
Serteyn, Didier ULg; Miesen, M.; Caudron, I. et al

in Journal Européen de Maréchalerie (1995), 7

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See detailRegulation Of The Beta-Lactamase Blal Of Streptomyces-Cacaoi - The Product Of The Blab Regulatory Gene Is An Internal Membrane-Bound Protein
Magdalena, J.; Joris, Bernard ULg; Vanbeeumen, J. et al

in Biochemical Journal (1995), 311

The beta-lactamase-encoding gene blaL, cloned from Streptomyces cacaoi in Streptomyces lividans, is inducible by beta-lactam compounds. This regulation has been shown to depend on the products of two open ... [more ▼]

The beta-lactamase-encoding gene blaL, cloned from Streptomyces cacaoi in Streptomyces lividans, is inducible by beta-lactam compounds. This regulation has been shown to depend on the products of two open reading frames, ORF1 (blaA) and ORF2 (blaB) [Lenzini, Magdalena, Fraipont, Joris, Matagne and Dusart (1992) Mol. Gen. Genet. 235, 41-48]. BlaA belongs to the LysR family of transcription activators, whereas BlaB shares some features with the penicillin-recognizing proteins. BlaB has now been overexpressed in Escherichia coli, purified and used for antibody preparation. Immunoblotting of cell-fractionated materials from S. cacaoi showed that BlaB is attached to the internal face of the cytoplasmic membrane. It could not be released by high salt concentrations or EDTA, but only by protease treatment. Under the assay conditions, BlaB did not act as a penicillin-binding protein, a beta-lactamase, a D-amino-peptidase or a target in a phosphorylation step. [less ▲]

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See detailANISOTROPY OF THE MIXED-STATE IN TEXTURED PB-FREE BI-2223 SUPERCONDUCTOR - ELECTRICAL-RESISTIVITY, SEEBECK AND NERNST EFFECTS
PEKALA, M.; Bougrine, Hassan ULg; LADA, T. et al

in Superconductor Science & Technology (1995), 8(9), 726-739

Anisotropy of transport entropy and of Hall angle are reported for the first time through various electrical and thermal transport properties, such as the electric resistivity and the Seebeck and the ... [more ▼]

Anisotropy of transport entropy and of Hall angle are reported for the first time through various electrical and thermal transport properties, such as the electric resistivity and the Seebeck and the Nernst effects (in the presence of a magnetic field ranging between 0 and 4 T), measured for a Pb-free textured Bi-2223 system. The field and temperature influence in the mixed state region is reported only for the H parallel to a and H parallel to c cases and the temperature gradient applied along the b direction. A much stronger influence of magnetic field along the c than the a axis is demonstrated. The relative evolution of the so-called 'excess transport effects' is discussed. We show the laws relating the respective losses to the applied magnetic field. This leads us to the understanding that anisotropic vortex kinetics exist in these systems. We consequently propose two original routes of theoretical investigations to be considered for the calculation of Nernst and TEP effects in a field, in particular to consider a vortex-carrier drag phenomenon. [less ▲]

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See detailModulation of the Expression of Interstitial and Type-Iv Collagenases in Coculture of Ht1080 Fibrosarcoma Cells and Fibroblasts
Munaut, Carine ULg; Noël, Agnès ULg; Weidle, U. H. et al

in Invasion & Metastasis (1995), 15(5-6), 169-78

Members of the metalloproteinase family (MMPs) are known to play a crucial role in the metastatic cascade. Here, we report some investigations about the synthesis of interstitial and type-IV collagenases ... [more ▼]

Members of the metalloproteinase family (MMPs) are known to play a crucial role in the metastatic cascade. Here, we report some investigations about the synthesis of interstitial and type-IV collagenases (gelatinases A and B) in a model of coculture of human fibroblasts and HT 1080 fibrosarcoma cells. The interstitial collagenase activity, mainly found in the conditioned medium of fibroblasts, and its mRNA level were increased in the in vitro coculture model. In contrast, gelatinase A was produced by both cell types. The HT 1080 cells additionally synthesised gelatinase B. In coculture, an enhancement of gelatinase A and the presence of its activated form were observed. Northern blot analysis demonstrated that this enzymatic enhancement occurred at a pretranslational level. The stimulation of the interstitial collagenase activity was partially mediated through soluble factor(s), whereas increased gelatinase A appeared to require direct cell-cell interactions. The extracellular matrix component, type-I collagen, stimulated the enzymatic activities released by the individual cells, but it did not modulate the synthesis of interstitial collagenase in coculture. Our results demonstrate that distinct MMPs are modulated by distinct mechanisms, all depending on specific interactions between tumour cells and host fibroblasts. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopmental disturbance of access to biographical information and people's names: A single-case study
Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg; Schweich, M.

in Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (1995), 1(6), 589-595

The paper describes the case of a person (GB) without any clinical evidence of cerebral disease who showed a specific impairment in the retrieval of biographical information, including names, about famous ... [more ▼]

The paper describes the case of a person (GB) without any clinical evidence of cerebral disease who showed a specific impairment in the retrieval of biographical information, including names, about famous people. This deficit appeared while GB scored normally in different long-term memory tasks, and in object naming tasks. Moreover, he showed no impairment in the structural encoding and the recognition of faces. His specific impairment is interpreted both in terms of Bruce and Young's (1986) functional model of person recognition and in terms of the more recent Burton et al. (1990) interactive activation version of the Bruce and Young model. [less ▲]

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See detailA magnetic resonance imaging approach for the diagnosis of a triplet cornual pregnancy.
Bassil, Salim; Gordts, Stéphane; NISOLLE, Michelle ULg et al

in Fertility and Sterility (1995), 64(5), 1029-31

Objectives: To describe a rare case of triplet cornual pregnancy after IVF-ET and to assess the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for early diagnosis. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Infertility and ... [more ▼]

Objectives: To describe a rare case of triplet cornual pregnancy after IVF-ET and to assess the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for early diagnosis. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Infertility and IVF Unit, in an university medical center. PATIENT: A 31-year-old healthy patient with a 3-year history of primary male infertility. INTERVENTION: Standard IVF-ET treatment cycle, using a GnRH-agonist (long protocol) and hMG for ovarian stimulation. RESULTS: A cornual triplet pregnancy is described with the approach for the diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging was complementary to endovaginal sonography for early diagnosis and permitted a timed conservative management. CONCLUSIONS: When transvaginal ultrasound findings did not provide an accurate location of the pregnancy, MRI was indicated to confirm the diagnosis. [less ▲]

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See detail"De l'exequatur et des causes de préférence"
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in Actualités du Droit (1995), (2), 395-410

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See detailHysteroscopic myomectomy.
Donnez, Jacques; Polet, Roland; Smets, Mireille et al

in Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology (1995), 7(4), 311-6

Transhysteroscopic myomectomy has proved to be safe and effective with experienced operators. The use of the continuous flow hysteroscope and preoperative monitoring of intrauterine pressure has ... [more ▼]

Transhysteroscopic myomectomy has proved to be safe and effective with experienced operators. The use of the continuous flow hysteroscope and preoperative monitoring of intrauterine pressure has contributed to the prevention of fluid intravasion accidents. Effectiveness has been demonstrated in a number of recently published long-term studies. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effect of gonadal development and sex steroids on growth hormone secretion in the male tilapia hybrid (Oreochromis niloticus x O. aureus O;
Melamed, P.; Eliahu, N.; Ofir, M. et al

in Fish Physiology and Biochemistry (1995)

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See detailLes insuffisances mitrales ischémiques: principes de leur traitement chirurgical
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1995), 50(7), 295-7

L'insuffisance mitrale ischémique est une manifestation peu fréquente de la maladie cotanarienne. Elle constitue par ailleurs une entité relativement mal connue. Il peut s'agir de complications aiguës ou ... [more ▼]

L'insuffisance mitrale ischémique est une manifestation peu fréquente de la maladie cotanarienne. Elle constitue par ailleurs une entité relativement mal connue. Il peut s'agir de complications aiguës ou chroniques de la maladie ischémique. Leur compréhension est facilité par la classification fonctionnelle de Carpentier. A l'occasion de cette revue, nous précisons les indications elles modalités de traitement de ce type d'insuffisance mitrale. [less ▲]

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See detailCyclosporin A, rapamycin and FK506 decrease prolactin release from rat pituitary cells in primary culture
Wera, S.; Zheng, L.; Hooghe-Peters, E. L. et al

in Endocrine Research (1995), 21(3), 623-33

It is at present well established that prolactin exerts a non-specific immunoactivating function. In this work we tested whether the immunosuppressant drugs cyclosporin A, FK506 and rapamycin influence ... [more ▼]

It is at present well established that prolactin exerts a non-specific immunoactivating function. In this work we tested whether the immunosuppressant drugs cyclosporin A, FK506 and rapamycin influence prolactin release from rat pituitary cells in primary culture. The tested drugs had no effect on the prolactin release measured during a 2h incubation period, indicating that they do not influence the secretion of prolactin from intracellular stores into the culture medium. During longer incubation times (48h), however, prolactin release was diminished to 56% +/- 18 (10 microM cyclosporin A), 64% +/- 14 (1 microM rapamycin) or 64% +/- 7 (1 microM FK506), suggesting an effect on prolactin production. At these drug concentrations no toxic effects were observed. The data indicate that inhibition of pituitary prolactin synthesis might contribute to the immunosuppressant action of cyclosporin A, rapamycin and FK506. [less ▲]

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See detailA Frequency-Domain Processor for ScanSAR Images
Barbier, Christian ULg; Rosello-Guasch, Josep

in Preparing for the Future (1995), 5(4), 6-7

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See detailLe développement des fonctions du langage en vue d’une meilleure intégration linguistique: le cas des Italiens de Belgique
Lucchini, Silvia ULg

in Cahiers de l'institut de linguistique de Louvain (1995), 21(1-2), 149-156

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See detailCoexpression of cytokeratin and vimentin in eutopic endometrium and endometriosis throughout the menstrual cycle: evaluation by a computerized method.
NISOLLE, Michelle ULg; Casanas-Roux, Françoise; Donnez, Jacques

in Fertility and Sterility (1995), 64(1), 69-75

Objectives: To evaluate quantitatively cytokeratin and vimentin staining in glandular and stromal cells of eutopic and ectopic endometrium. DESIGN: The investigation of cytokeratin and vimentin was ... [more ▼]

Objectives: To evaluate quantitatively cytokeratin and vimentin staining in glandular and stromal cells of eutopic and ectopic endometrium. DESIGN: The investigation of cytokeratin and vimentin was carried out using the new computerized technology of image analysis. SETTING: University Hospital, Department of Gynecology. PATIENTS: Biopsies were taken from patients undergoing a laparoscopy for infertility (29 endometrial biopsies and 31 biopsies of peritoneal endometriosis). None of them were treated. RESULTS: Cyclic variations of cytokeratin and vimentin staining were noted in eutopic endometrium. The cytokeratin and vimentin staining pattern consistently was lower in ectopic endometrium than in eutopic endometrium. CONCLUSIONS: Endometriotic epithelial and stromal cells undergo a complex program of differentiation giving them histochemical characteristics similar to those observed in endometrium. Such a concomitant expression of antigenicity indicates their close relationship with their mesodermal müllerian origin. [less ▲]

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See detailcorrelations between cerebral blood flow velocities, cerebral perfusion pressure and intracranial pressure in sick neonates
Battisti, Oreste ULg; Adant-François, A.; Bertrand, J. M. et al

in Circulation et Métabolisme du Cerveau (1995), 12

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See detailHydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) for recurrence prevention of Crohn's disease after curative surgery.
Louis, Edouard ULg; Belaiche, Jacques ULg

in Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique (1995), 19(2), 233-4

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See detailConformational-Analysis Of The Calcium Complexes Formed By Meglitinide Analogs
Lins, Laurence ULg; Brasseur, Robert ULg; Malaisse, Wj.

in Research Communications In Molecular Pathology and Pharmacology (1995), 90(1), 153-64

The conformation of calcium complexes formed with meglitinide and its hypoglycemic analogs KAD-1229, A-4166, S 3075 and repaglinide was analyzed by a semi-empirical procedure, which includes calculation ... [more ▼]

The conformation of calcium complexes formed with meglitinide and its hypoglycemic analogs KAD-1229, A-4166, S 3075 and repaglinide was analyzed by a semi-empirical procedure, which includes calculation of the molecular hydrophobicity potential. The calcium complexes formed with KAD-1229, A-4166, repaglinide or its enantiomer, displayed favourable attributes to act as ionophores. Such was not the case for the poorly efficient insulinotropic agent meglitinide and the biologically inactive enantiomer of A-4166. The configuration of the calcium complex formed with S 3075 also failed to display the features required for a high ionophoretic capacity. [less ▲]

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See detailLe traitement oncologique : polémique ou consensus ?
Coucke, Philippe ULg; MARTY

in Médecine et Hygiène (1995), 53(2076), 1371-1377

Les avis en oncologie sont souvent divergents. Ils illustrent un manque de «standard» thérapeutique bien établi. Cette revue a pour but de définir certaines de ces divergences fortement colorées par la ... [more ▼]

Les avis en oncologie sont souvent divergents. Ils illustrent un manque de «standard» thérapeutique bien établi. Cette revue a pour but de définir certaines de ces divergences fortement colorées par la spécialisation du médecin consulté. Ces divergences cesseront d'exister à condition de conduire des essais randomisés. Le praticien généraliste a un rôle prépondérant à jouer dans la motivation des malades afin qu'ils acceptent l'idée de ce genre d'étude. [less ▲]

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See detailISOLATION OF SUCROSE SYNTHASE FROM RICE (ORYZA-SATIVA) GRAINS IN PILOT-SCALE FOR APPLICATION IN CARBOHYDRATE SYNTHESIS
ELLING, Lothar; GULDENBERG, Birgit; GROTHUS, Marita et al

in Biotechnology & Applied Biochemistry (1995), 21(Part 1), 29-37

The application of sucrose synthase as a valuable biocatalyst for the synthesis of activated sugars and saccharides requires large amounts of enzyme. The purification of sucrose synthase starting from the ... [more ▼]

The application of sucrose synthase as a valuable biocatalyst for the synthesis of activated sugars and saccharides requires large amounts of enzyme. The purification of sucrose synthase starting from the 9 kg scale of rice (Oryza sativa) grains was achieved in five steps with 11.3% yield and 192-fold purification. The final sucrose synthase preparation was free of nucleotide di- and monophosphatases, but did contain 0.05% of both invertase and UDP-glucose-hydrolysing activity. It can be efficiently utilized for the synthesis of activated sugars. Its application for the synthesis of saccharides is possible taking into account that 15% UDP-glucose is hydrolysed within 15 h incubation time [less ▲]

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See detailLes participes présents féminins actifs dans l'Avesta
Swennen, Philippe ULg

in Annali (1995)

In Avestan, much feminine present participles in the active voice are problematic. However, the behaviour of the epenthesis of the feminine suffix is quite perfectly regular.

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See detailRemote Sensing and Urban Change
Donnay, Jean-Paul ULg; Barnsley, Mike

in GISDATA Newsletter (1995), 6

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See detailLe rôle de l'industrie de l'assurance dans le pilotage de la sécurité privée et de la politique de prévention
Lemaître, André ULg

in Déviance et Société (1995), 19(N°2), 159-168

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See detailPET radiopharmaceuticals in Europe : Current use and data relevant for the formulation of summaries of product characteristics (SPCs)
Meyer, G. J.; Waters, S. L.; Coenen, H. H. et al

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine (1995), 22(12), 1420-1432

The increasing use of radiopharmaceuticals for positron emission tomography (PET) has come to the attention of regulatory bodies. In order to help authorities in all aspects, the EANM has formed a task ... [more ▼]

The increasing use of radiopharmaceuticals for positron emission tomography (PET) has come to the attention of regulatory bodies. In order to help authorities in all aspects, the EANM has formed a task group for licensing PET radiopharmaceuticals; this group has surveyed the use of these compounds in Europe by a questionnaire. The number of PET centres that responded to the questionnaire was 26, which included more than 90% of the larger European PET centres. The survey showed that 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxyglucose is by far the most important PET radiopharmaceutical with more than 200 applications per week, followed by [15O]water, [15O]carbonmonoxide, [13N]ammonia, [11C]-l-methionine, andl-6-[18F]fluoro-DOPA. More than 25 other PET radiopharmaceuticals are in regular use, however, at rather low application frequencies. The data were used by the European Pharmacopoeia Commission for its priority rating for requesting the formulation of monographs. Since it is likely that group registrations will be issued by authorities for the PET radiopharmaceuticals, relevant data on toxicity and dosimetry for the formulation of summaries of product characteristics have been collected by the task group as well. [less ▲]

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See detailLa grande illusion (le photojournalisme: quelques repères)
Mélon, Marc-Emmanuel ULg

in Admiranda : Cahiers d'Analyse Filmique de l'Université de Provence (1995), 10

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See detailPacemaker Implantation for Early Sinus Node Dysfunction after Orthotopic Heart Transplantation
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg; Fourny, J. et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (1995), 95(1), 31-4

Among 60 patients who received OHT at our institution between November 1986 and January 1990, 4 actually needed implantation of a permanent pacemaker. Three patients with symptomatic early sinus node ... [more ▼]

Among 60 patients who received OHT at our institution between November 1986 and January 1990, 4 actually needed implantation of a permanent pacemaker. Three patients with symptomatic early sinus node dysfunction were identified and were satisfactorily paced on the VVIR mode. All three showed sinus recovery within three months following implantation and had their pacemaker switched from the VVIR mode to a simple ventricular demand pacing. Interestingly, administration of beta-blocking drugs quickly reinstituted pace dependence. The patients' outcome is excellent (18 to 48 months follow-up). No difference with the global cohort of our OHT recipients was noticed, apart from an apparent high incidence of infections (3/3) with (2/3) CMV and severe rejection (3/3) during the first month postoperatively. This data suggests that sinus dysfunction may be the result of a multifactorial (rejection, CMV, ...) injury to the conduction system, and is only clinically relevant beyond a threshold level. Denervation hypersensitivity, together with correction of these factors, may account for the restoration of a sufficient reserve of conduction system, and therefore appropriate sinus node function in basal conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailTRANSPORT STUDY OF BA-DEFICIENT THIN-FILM Y123 SUPERCONDUCTORS ENRICHED WITH NA
PEKALA, M.; Bougrine, Hassan ULg; AZOULAY, J. et al

in Superconductor Science & Technology (1995), 8(8), 660-666

Nominal Y0.3Ba0.6Na0.1CuO3-delta thin films were prepared with small grains having an orientation of the c axis perpendicular to the MgO substrate. The electrical resistivity and the thermoelectric power ... [more ▼]

Nominal Y0.3Ba0.6Na0.1CuO3-delta thin films were prepared with small grains having an orientation of the c axis perpendicular to the MgO substrate. The electrical resistivity and the thermoelectric power in the absence and in the presence of a magnetic field are reported. The magnetic field dependence of the irreversibility line is discussed. The role of the field for disentangling intragrain and intergrain effects in both coefficients is emphasized. [less ▲]

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See detailLes aliments industriels chez le chien: caractéristiques et utilisation dans différents états physiologiques
Diez, Marianne ULg; Istasse, Louis ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1995), 139(5), 309-316

Commercial dog food is more and more frequently used as sole diet. The present review characterizes the different types of commercial diets. Principles of bioenergetic allow the calculation of energy ... [more ▼]

Commercial dog food is more and more frequently used as sole diet. The present review characterizes the different types of commercial diets. Principles of bioenergetic allow the calculation of energy density using a prediction equation. Energy requirements are also calculated. Practical use of industrial dog food are illustrated for growing pups, dogs at maintenance or in reproduction. [less ▲]

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See detailSYNTHESIS OF SIO2-TIO2 XEROGELS BY SOL-GEL PROCESS
Pirson, Anne-Marie ULg; MOHSINE, Abdel; Marchot, Pierre ULg et al

in Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology (1995), 4(3), 179-185

A new method to synthesize SiO2-TiO2 gels by sol-gel process has been developed. This technique uses tetraisopropylorthotitanate [Ti(O'Pr)(4)] and tetraethylorthosilicate [TEOS]: they are mixed in the ... [more ▼]

A new method to synthesize SiO2-TiO2 gels by sol-gel process has been developed. This technique uses tetraisopropylorthotitanate [Ti(O'Pr)(4)] and tetraethylorthosilicate [TEOS]: they are mixed in the same solvent and then directly hydrolysed. This one-step reaction is possible because of the use of 2-methoxyethanol, a protic polar solvent. This alcohol plays two different specific roles: it acts as a solvent as well as a stabilizer of titanium alkoxide towards the hydrolysis-precipitation reaction. So, by an accurate adjustment of the quantity of methoxyethanol in the mixture, we can control the reactivity of the titanium precursor. Monolithic and transparent xerogels were obtained whatever the composition. Three monolithic SiO2-TiO2 gels containing 20, 50 and 75 mol% of TiO2 were prepared and studied in details. By using the TG-DSC analysis, we can follow the evolution of the loss of water and organic residues. The structural evolution of gels during calcination is characterized by IR spectroscopy and X-Ray diffraction. [less ▲]

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See detailPulmonary Ventilation, Mechanics, Gas Exchange and Haemodynamics in Calves Following Intratracheal Inoculation of Pasteurella Haemolytica
Linden, Annick ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg et al

in Zentralblatt für Veterinarmedizin. Reihe A (1995), 42(8), 531-544

A Pasteurella haemolytica A1 broth was injected intratracheally in eight calves and measurements of pulmonary function values (PFV) were made once before and hourly post inoculation (p.i.). Changes in ... [more ▼]

A Pasteurella haemolytica A1 broth was injected intratracheally in eight calves and measurements of pulmonary function values (PFV) were made once before and hourly post inoculation (p.i.). Changes in PFVs, included increased respiratory rate and minute ventilation (up to 158% of baseline 2 h p.i.) and decreased tidal volume and lung dynamic compliance (up to 33% of baseline 3 h p.i.). Total pulmonary resistance was not affected. At and after 3 h p.i. there was a progressive impairement of gas exchange, as judged from arterial O2 tension which decreased up to 65% of baseline. In contrast, arterial CO2 tension was not affected. Pulmonary hypertension was observed during the 3 last h of the study and was attributable to an increased pulmonary vascular resistance. Severe neutropenia was observed at 3 h p.i. and post-mortem histological findings were consistent with an acute fibrinohemorragic bronchopneumonia. In conclusion, P. haemolytica airway challenge unequiovocally resulted in acute pneumonia, providing a reproducible pathophysiological model for investigations regarding new therapeutic strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailImproving the action of insulin.
Lefebvre, Pierre ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Clinical & Investigative Medicine = Médecine Clinique et Experimentale (1995), 18(4), 340-7

Improving the action of insulin is a relatively new concept in diabetes management. Insulin sensitivity can be improved by reduction of excessive body weight, regular physical activity and, possibly, by ... [more ▼]

Improving the action of insulin is a relatively new concept in diabetes management. Insulin sensitivity can be improved by reduction of excessive body weight, regular physical activity and, possibly, by correcting a subclinical magnesium deficiency. Pharmacological means of improving insulin action include metformin, antiobesity serotoninergic agents and, possibly, benfluorex. New compounds aiming at improving the action of insulin are in development and include thiazolidinedione derivatives (known as "insulin sensitizers"), inhibitors of adipose tissue lipolysis (e.g. acipimox), and inhibitors of free fatty acid oxidation (e.g. etomoxir). Avoidance of drugs that reduce insulin sensitivity, such as beta blockers and thiazide diuretics, is recommended. Finally, cigarette smoking is associated with resistance to insulin but it remains to be demonstrated that cessation of cigarette smoking does in fact increase sensitivity to insulin. [less ▲]

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See detailDu grec au latin et du latin au grec. Les problèmes de la traduction dans l'antiquité gréco-latine
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Latomus : Revue d'Etudes Latines (1995), 54

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