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See detailEnucleation of a giant hepatic hemangioma in a Jehovah's Witness
Detry, Olivier ULg; Honore, Pierre ULg; Joris, Jean ULg et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (2002), 102(1), 54-56

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See detailAn optical time-delay for the lensed BAL quasar HE 2149-2745
Burud, I.; Courbin, F.; Magain, Pierre ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2002), 383(1), 71-81

We present optical V and i-band light curves of the gravitationally lensed BAL quasar HE 2149-2745. The data, obtained with the 1.5 m Danish Telescope (ESO-La Silla) between October 1998 and December 2000 ... [more ▼]

We present optical V and i-band light curves of the gravitationally lensed BAL quasar HE 2149-2745. The data, obtained with the 1.5 m Danish Telescope (ESO-La Silla) between October 1998 and December 2000, are the first from a long-term project aimed at monitoring selected lensed quasars in the Southern Hemisphere. A time delay of 103+/-12 days is determined from the light curves. In addition, VLT/FORS1 spectra of HE 2149 2745 are deconvolved in order to obtain the spectrum of the faint lensing galaxy, free of any contamination by the bright nearby two quasar images. By cross-correlating the spectrum with galaxy-templates we obtain a tentative redshift estimate of z = 0.495+/-0:01. Adopting this redshift, a Omega = 0.3, Lambda = 0.7 cosmology, and a chosen analytical lens model, our time-delay measurement yields a Hubble constant of H-0 = 66+/-8 km s(-1) Mpc(-1) (1sigma error) with an estimated systematic error of +/-3 km s(-1) Mpc(-1). Using non-parametric models yields H-0 = 65+/-8 km s(-1) Mpc(-1) (1sigma error) and confirms that the lens exhibits a very dense/concentrated mass profile. Finally, we note, as in other cases, that the flux ratio between the two quasar components is wavelength dependent. While the flux ratio in the broad emission lines-equal to 3.7-remains constant with wavelength, the continuum of the brighter component is bluer. Although the data do not rule out extinction of one quasar image relative to the other as a possible explanation, the effect could also be produced by differential microlensing by stars in the lensing galaxy. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of the mucosal epithelium microenvironment on Langerhans cells: implications for the development of squamous intraepithelial lesions of the cervix
Giannini, Sandra ULg; Hubert, Pascale ULg; Doyen, Jean ULg et al

in International Journal of Cancer = Journal International du Cancer (2002), 97(5), 654-659

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See detailEpidemiology of inflammatory bowel diseases in the elderly in the province of Liege - A three-year prospective study
Piront, Patricia ULg; Louis, Edouard ULg; Latour, Pascale ULg et al

in Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique (2002), 26(2), 157-161

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See detailMinimal effects of JL 13, a pyridobenzoxazepine derivative with an antipsychotic potential, on circulating prolactin levels in male rats
Liégeois, Jean-François ULg; Bruhwyler, J.; Hendrick, J. C. et al

in Neuroscience Letters (2002), 319(1), 49-52

Antipsychotic therapy is frequently associated with several side effects such as hyperprolactinemia. The influence of a putative antipsychotic JL 13 on prolactin release was assessed after intraperitoneal ... [more ▼]

Antipsychotic therapy is frequently associated with several side effects such as hyperprolactinemia. The influence of a putative antipsychotic JL 13 on prolactin release was assessed after intraperitoneal injection in gentled male rats in comparison with clozapine and haloperidol. A total of 30 or 150 min after administration, whole blood was collected for preparing serum samples. Prolactin was quantified by radioimmunoassay method. At 30 min, JL 13 like clozapine, increased prolactin concentration only at the higher dose (30 mg/kg) while haloperidol at both tested doses induced a dramatic increase of prolactin concentration. At 150 min after injection, only haloperidol (0.3 mg/kg) significantly increased serum prolactin level. This minimal effect on prolactinemia reinforces the similarity of clozapine and JL 13 regarding the atypical antipsychotic profile. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailA neural network model of sensitization of evoked cortical responses in migraine
Thomas, E.; Sandor, P. S.; Ambrosini, A. et al

in Cephalalgia : An International Journal of Headache (2002), 22(1), 48-53

Migraine patients show abnormalities of cerebral electrophysiology that manifest themselves mainly during the attack interval. Cortical-evoked potentials of migraineurs fail to habituate to repetitive ... [more ▼]

Migraine patients show abnormalities of cerebral electrophysiology that manifest themselves mainly during the attack interval. Cortical-evoked potentials of migraineurs fail to habituate to repetitive presentations of visual stimuli, and the amplitude of components of their auditory cortical-evoked potentials have a higher dependence on the stimulus intensities than in healthy subjects. A computer model of a neural hetwork has been developed that is able to reproduce both these neurophysiological dysfunctions. It predicts a positive correlation between the magnitudes of both these dysfunctions. The model also offers an explanation of why mutations in the same ion channel gene with opposite consequences on channel function, e.g. P/Q Ca2+ channels in migraine, may lead to similar electrophysiological abnormalities. [less ▲]

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See detailThe pro- or antiangiogenic effect of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 is dose dependent
Devy, L.; Blacher, Silvia ULg; Grignet-Debrus, Christine ULg et al

in FASEB Journal (2002), 16(2), 147-54

Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) is believed to control proteolytic activity and cell migration during angiogenesis. We previously demonstrated in vivo that this inhibitor is necessary for ... [more ▼]

Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) is believed to control proteolytic activity and cell migration during angiogenesis. We previously demonstrated in vivo that this inhibitor is necessary for optimal tumor invasion and vascularization. We also showed that PAI-1 angiogenic activity is associated with its control of plasminogen activation but not with the regulation of cell-matrix interaction. To dissect the role of the various components of the plasminogen activation system during angiogenesis, we have adapted the aortic ring assay to use vessels from gene-inactivated mice. The single deficiency of tPA, uPA, or uPAR, as well as combined deficiencies of uPA and tPA, did not dramatically affect microvessel formation. Deficiency of plasminogen delayed microvessel outgrowth. Lack of PAI-1 completely abolished angiogenesis, demonstrating its importance in the control of plasmin-mediated proteolysis. Microvessel outgrowth from PAI-1(-/-) aortic rings could be restored by adding exogenous PAI-1 (wild-type serum or purified recombinant PAI-1). Addition of recombinant PAI-1 led to a bell-shaped angiogenic response clearly showing that PAI-1 is proangiogenic at physiological concentrations and antiangiogenic at higher levels. Using specific PAI-1 mutants, we could demonstrate that PAI-1 promotes angiogenesis at physiological (nanomolar) concentrations through its antiproteolytic activity rather than by interacting with vitronectin. [less ▲]

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See detailCytokine balance in infants undergoing cardiac operation.
Hovels-Gurich, Hedwig H; Schumacher, Kathrin; Vazquez-Jimenez, Jaime F et al

in Annals of Thoracic Surgery (2002), 73(2), 601-8608-9

BACKGROUND: The control of the systemic inflammatory response taking place during cardiac operations depends on adequate antiinflammatory reaction. In this prospective study we tested the hypothesis that ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The control of the systemic inflammatory response taking place during cardiac operations depends on adequate antiinflammatory reaction. In this prospective study we tested the hypothesis that cytokine balance during pediatric cardiac surgical procedures would be influenced by the patients' preoperative clinical condition, defined as hypoxemia or heart failure. METHODS: Twenty infants (median age, 8 months) with hypoxemia owing to intracardiac right-to-left shunt (group 1, n = 10) or with heart failure because of intracardiac left-to-right shunt (group 2, n = 10), scheduled for elective primary corrective operation, were enrolled. Plasma levels of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL) 6, the natural antiinflammatory cytokine IL-10, and the markers of the acute-phase response, C-reactive protein and procalcitonin, were sequentially measured before, during, and after cardiac operation up to the 10th postoperative day. The ratio of IL-10 to IL-6 levels served as a marker for the individual's antiinflammatory cytokine balance. RESULTS: Group 1 showed higher preoperative IL-6 (p < 0.001), lower IL-10 levels (p < 0.02), and lower ratio of IL-10 to IL-6 levels (p < 0.001) than group 2. Preoperative C-reactive protein and procalcitonin were not detectable. In group 1, preoperative IL-6 levels inversely correlated with preoperative oxygen saturation (Spearman correlation coefficient, -0.74, p < 0.02). During cardiopulmonary bypass, IL-6 levels were higher, whereas IL-10 and ratio of IL-10 to IL-6 levels were lower in group 1 than in group 2. In all patients, postoperative IL-6 levels were positively correlated with duration of inotropic support and serum creatinine value and inversely correlated with oxygenation index and diuresis. CONCLUSIONS: Infants with hypoxemia show a preoperative inflammatory state with low antiinflammatory cytokine balance in contrast to those with heart failure. This in turn is associated with lower perioperative antiinflammatory cytokine balance and might contribute to postoperative morbidity. [less ▲]

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See detailSexually dimorphic activation of galanin neurones in the ferret's dorsomedial preoptic area/anterior hypothalamus after mating
Bakker, Julie ULg; Woodley, S. K.; Kelliher, K. R. et al

in Journal of Neuroendocrinology (2002), 14(2), 116-125

Male ferrets in breeding condition possess three times as many galanin-immunoreactive (IR) neurones as oestrous females in the sexually dimorphic dorsomedial preoptic area/anterior hypothalamus (dmPOA/AH ... [more ▼]

Male ferrets in breeding condition possess three times as many galanin-immunoreactive (IR) neurones as oestrous females in the sexually dimorphic dorsomedial preoptic area/anterior hypothalamus (dmPOA/AH). Using Fos-IR as a marker of activation, we investigated whether mating with intromission differentially activates this sexually dimorphic group of galanin-IR neurones in male and female ferrets. Male ferrets that intromitted had a significantly greater percentage of galanin-IR neurones in the dmPOA/AH that were colabelled with nuclear Fos-IR than oestrous females that received an intromission. Intromissive stimulation augmented Fos-IR in an equal percentage of galanin-IR neurones in both sexes in the medial amygdala (MA) and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST). Peripheral anosmia induced by bilateral occlusion of males' nares did not reduce the mating-induced activation of galanin-IR neurones in the dmPOA/AH, and there was a significant correlation among individual males between intromission duration and the percentage of dmPOA/AH galanin-IR neurones colabelled with Fos-IR. Exposure of castrated, testosterone propionate-treated male ferrets to either soiled bedding or to volatile odours from oestrous females failed to induce nuclear Fos-IR in galanin-IR neurones located in the dmPOA/AH, BNST or MA, suggesting that the mating-induced activation of galanin-IR forebrain neurones in male ferrets depends more on genital-somatosensory than on olfactory inputs. The observed sex dimorphism in the mating-induced activation of galanin-IR neurones in the dmPOA/AH raises the possibility that these neurones perform a mating-dependent function that occurs only in males. [less ▲]

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See detailHypertension artérielle et artériopathie
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Medi-Sphere (2002)

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See detailEffect of block copolymers of various molecular architecture on the phase morphology and tensile properties of LDPE rich (LDPE/PS) blends
Harrats, Charef; Fayt, R.; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Polymer (2002), 43(3), 863-873

The emulsification efficiency of three different block copolymers consisting of hydrogenated polybutadiene (HPB) and polystyrene (PS), i.e. a pure diblock , a tapered diblock and a triblock copolymer has ... [more ▼]

The emulsification efficiency of three different block copolymers consisting of hydrogenated polybutadiene (HPB) and polystyrene (PS), i.e. a pure diblock , a tapered diblock and a triblock copolymer has been compared in low density polyethylene/polystyrene (LDPE/PS) blends rich in polyethylene. The comparison relies upon the ability of these potential interfacial agents to stabilize fine phase dispersion and to promote good interfacial adhesion. Based on the phase morphology, the ultimate tensile properties and the dynamic viscosity of the modified blends, the tapered diblock copolymer is clearly the most efficient emulsifier. For instance a plateau is observed in the property-copolymer content dependence when 2 wt% tapered diblock are used compared to ca. 5 wt% in case of the pure diblock. In contrast, no plateau is observed when the triblock copolymer is used. This is assumed to result from a less quantitative localization of these two copolymers i.e. the pue diblock or the triblock at the LDPE/PS interface. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cathétérisme bilatérale des sinus pétreux avec dosages multihormonaux dans la maladie de Cushing
Valdes Socin, Hernan Gonzalo ULg; Bataille, Yoann ULg; Meurisse, Nicolas ULg et al

in Annales d'Endocrinologie (2002), 63(1), 23-30

Multihormonal bilateral petrosal sinus sampling (BPSS) has been proposed to improve corticotroph microadenomas prediction of lateralisation. Few series have simultaneously compared data of pituitary MRI ... [more ▼]

Multihormonal bilateral petrosal sinus sampling (BPSS) has been proposed to improve corticotroph microadenomas prediction of lateralisation. Few series have simultaneously compared data of pituitary MRI, surgical findings and multihormonal BPSS. Seven patients (6F/1M) with Cushing's disease, mean age at diagnosis of 35 years (range 24-55) were prospectively studied to compare radiological and multihormonal BPSS data with surgical and pathological findings. In untreated patients, simultaneous measures of ACTH, TSH and prolactine (PRL) were done at time 0, 7, 15, 22 minutes after CRH (500 mg) and TRH (200 mg) stimulation. An intersinus gradient of 1.4 was considered as a lateralisation. All microadenomas were identified during surgery, diameters ranged from 2 to 7 mm. All patients were in long-term surgical remission. Pathological studies confirmed a tumoral tissue with ACTH immunostaining in 6/7 cases and PRL in 3/7 cases. Pituitary MRI correctly identified tumors in 4 cases, the remaining tumors were not seen. Basal and stimulated intersinus gradients of ACTH, TSH and PRL were homolateral in 6/7 cases and were coincident with surgical findings in 4/7 cases. The other three cases were contralateral to MRI and surgical data. In conclusion, simultaneous gradient of ACTH, PRL and TSH did not improve lateralisation prediction in this series. Hormonal hypersecretion was homolateral in six cases whereas pathological studies demonstrated a mixed secretion in only three cases. A preferential pituitary draining could explain these discordances. Data from our series and from others (done with CRH stimulation and ACTH-PRL measures) strongly suggest a paracrine interaction between tumoral and normal pituitary tissue. [less ▲]

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See detailPrise en charge perioperatoire des pertes sanguines au cours du traitement chirurgical des craniostenoses
BONHOMME, Vincent ULg; Damas, François ULg; Born, J. D. et al

in Annales Françaises d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation (2002), 21(2), 119-25

Blood saving is the major challenge during the surgical repair of craniofacial deformities. Treated patients have a low reserve volume and the techniques available to lower homologous blood transfusions ... [more ▼]

Blood saving is the major challenge during the surgical repair of craniofacial deformities. Treated patients have a low reserve volume and the techniques available to lower homologous blood transfusions are limited or insufficiently evaluated in this particular case. The most important factor determining blood loss is the quality of the surgical haemostasis. Blood saving begins with early preoperative evaluation of the patient's bleeding risk, which is a function of the type of surgery, of the surgical technique, of the number of sutures involved, of the length of surgery, and of the patients age, weight and physical status. Elaborated blood saving techniques such as preoperative autologous blood donation, erythropoietin administration, normovolaemic haemodilution, and peroperative autologous blood saving and reinfusion have revealed disappointing where used alone. These techniques require a heavy setup and still need to be evaluated extensively. They should be used in selected cases such as in patients with a very high risk of bleeding or face to Jehovah Witnesses. Monitoring during surgery should include precise evaluation of blood losses and haematocrit measurements at regular intervals. The haematocrit threshold allowing homologous blood transfusion should be set at 21%, provided that any other source of autologous blood is exhausted. Postoperative monitoring should also include precise evaluation of blood losses and haematocrit measurements. The 21% threshold should remain the reference during that period. [less ▲]

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See detailA Framework for Simulation Based Design of Ship Structures
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Karr; N a SS et al

in Journal of Ship Production (2002)

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See detailOverexpression of the homeobox gene HOXC8 in human prostate cancer correlates with loss of tumor differentiation
Waltregny, David ULg; Alami, Younes; Clausse, Nathalie et al

in Prostate (2002), 50(3), 162-169

BACKGROUND. Homeobox (HOX)-containing proteins have been identified as regulators controlling the coordinated expression of genes involved in development and differentiation. Recent data also suggest a ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND. Homeobox (HOX)-containing proteins have been identified as regulators controlling the coordinated expression of genes involved in development and differentiation. Recent data also suggest a possible involvement of HOX genes in malignant transformation and/or progression. We have previously shown that HOXC8 expression was selectively turned on in human cervix cancer cells compared with normal keratinocytes, suggesting that HOXC8 may be involved in the process leading to the transformation of cervix keratinocytes [Alami et al.: Biochem Biophys Res Commun 257:738-745,1999]. METHODS. RT-PCR and in situ hybridization experiments were performed to investigate the expression and cell type localization of HOXC8 transcripts in human prostate cancer cell lines and tissues. In situ hybridization was performed with the use of an HOXC8 anti-sense digoxigenin-labeled probe to investigate HOXC8 mRNA expression in 27 prostate cancer tissue specimens. RESULTS. Out of the three human prostate cancer cell lines tested, DU-145 and PC3 but not LNCaP cells expressed detectable amount of HOXC8 transcripts. Results from in situ hybridization experiments demonstrated that HOXC8 gene was expressed mainly in malignant epithelial cells. Furthermore, the staining intensity in epithelial cells was significantly increased in high Gleason score carcinomas (scores 7-9, n = 12; labeling intensity 2 + to 3 +) compared with the one observed in low and intermediate Gleason score tumors (scores 3-6, n = 15; labeling intensity 0 and 1 +) (ANOVA test, P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS. Our data showing that HOXC8 overexpression is associated with the loss of tumor differentiation in human prostate cancer suggests that HOXC8 may play a role in the acquisition of the invasive and metastatic phenotype of this malignancy. (C) 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailAdministration of a supplement containing both calcium and vitamin D is more effective than calcium alone to reduce secondary hyperparathyroidism in postmenopausal women with low 25(OH)vitamin D circulating levels
Deroisy, Rita ULg; Collette, Julien ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg et al

in Aging Clinical & Experimental Research (2002), 14(1), 13-17

Background and aims: Supplementation of postmenopausal women with calcium alone or calcium-vitamin D association was suggested to have positive effects on bone turnover and bone density, as well as to ... [more ▼]

Background and aims: Supplementation of postmenopausal women with calcium alone or calcium-vitamin D association was suggested to have positive effects on bone turnover and bone density, as well as to lower fracture incidence. The beneficial effect appears to be mediated by a reduction in parathyroid hormone secretion. Our aim was to compare the respective efficacy of calcium and calcium-vitamin D supplements in reducing serum parathyroid hormone levels in postmenopausal women with prevalent low 25(OH)vitamin D levels. Methods: One hundred consecutive ambulatory postmenopausal women with serum 25(OH)vitamin D levels below 18 ng/mL were included in a randomized, prospective, open label study. For a duration of 90 days, the women were randomly assigned to a daily supplementation of either one tablet of calcium gluconolactate and carbonate (500 mg calcium), or one powder-pack of an association of calcium carbonate (500 mg calcium), citric acid (2.175 gr) and cholecalciferol (200 IU). Changes observed during the 90 days of the study in circulating PTH levels were the primary endpoint, while changes in serum 25(OH)D levels were assessed as secondary endpoint. Results: A significant difference was observed between the calcium-vitamin D (CaD) and the calcium (Ca) only groups for changes occurring during the 90 days of the study in PTH (-14.5 +/- 40% and +2.5 +/- 46%) (p=0.009) and 25(OH)D (+67 +/- 77% and +18 +/- 55%) (p<0.001) circulating levels. PTH changes between baseline and day 90 were significant in the CaD group, but not in the Ca group. The odds ratio for a patient in group Ca to experience an absolute (<12 ng/mL) deficiency in circulating 25(OH)vitamin D levels, compared to a group CaD patient was statistically increased (OR: 3.22, 95% CI: 1.33-7.80). Conclusions: Our results support the recommendation of supplementing postmenopausal women with low circulating levels of 25(OH)vitamin D with a combination of calcium and vitamin D, rather than with calcium alone. [less ▲]

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See detailSpermine induces precocious development of the spleen in mice
Jolois, Olivier ULg; Peulen, Olivier ULg; Collin, Serge ULg et al

in Experimental Physiology (2002), 87(1), 69-75

Spermine is a low molecular weight polyamine involved in the postnatal maturation of the gut. When it is administered orally to suckling rats, it induces maturation of the intestinal tract (liver ... [more ▼]

Spermine is a low molecular weight polyamine involved in the postnatal maturation of the gut. When it is administered orally to suckling rats, it induces maturation of the intestinal tract (liver, pancreas and small intestine). Here we show that this polyamine is able to induce precocious intestinal and splenic development in suckling mice. In fact, in 15-day-old mice which had received spermine orally twice daily for 3 days we observed an increase in the ratio of white pulp surface to total spleen surface in comparison with untreated mice. The two macrophage subsets of the marginal zone and the B-cell population were more developed and reached the development level of 5- or 10-week-old mice. The proliferation rate of B-cells was increased by spermine administration to pups. These observations suggest that spermine might play a role in immune system development; further investigation of its effects are intended, namely the evaluation of its capacity to enhance defence during the neonatal period. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of daily regimen calcium and vitamin D supplementation on parathyroid hormone secretion
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Zegels, Brigitte ULg; Lejeune, Emmanuelle ULg et al

in Calcified Tissue International (2002), 70(2), 78-82

Calcium and vitamin D supplementation has been shown to reduce secondary hyperparathyroidism and play a role in the management of senile osteoporosis. In order to define the optimal regimen of calcium and ... [more ▼]

Calcium and vitamin D supplementation has been shown to reduce secondary hyperparathyroidism and play a role in the management of senile osteoporosis. In order to define the optimal regimen of calcium and vitamin D supplementation to produce the maximal inhibition of parathyroid hormone secretion, we have compared the administration of a similar amount of Ca and vitamin D, either as a single morning dose or split in two doses, taken 6 hours apart. Twelve healthy volunteers were assigned to three investigational procedures, at weekly intervals. After a blank control procedure, when they were not exposed to any drug intake, they received two calcium-vitamin D supplement regimens including either two doses of Orocal D3 (500 mg Ca and 400 IU vitamin D) 6 hours apart or one water-soluble effervescent powder pack of Cacit D3 in a single morning dose (1000 mg Ca and 880 IU vitamin D). During the three procedures (control and the two calcium-vitamin D supplementations), venous blood was drawn every 60 minutes for up to 9 hours, for serum Ca and serum PTH measurements. The order of administration of the two Ca and vitamin D supplementation sequences was allocated by randomization. No significant changes in serum Ca were observed during the study. During the 6 hours following Ca and vitamin D supplementation, a statistically significant decrease in serum PTH was observed with both regimens, compared with baseline and with the control procedure. Over this period of time, no differences were observed between the two treatment regimens. However, between the sixth and the ninth hour, serum PTH levels were still significantly decreased compared with baseline with split dose Orocal D3 administration, while they returned to baseline value with the Cacit D3 preparation. During this period, the percentage decrease in serum PTH compared with baseline was significantly more pronounced with Orocal D3 than with Cacit D3 (P = 0.0021). We therefore conclude that the administration of two doses of 500 mg of calcium and 400 IU of vitamin D3 6 hours apart provides a more prolonged decrease in serum PTH levels than the administration of the same total amount of Ca and vitamin D as a single morning dose in young healthy volunteers. This might have implications in terms of protection of the skeleton against secondary hyperparathyroidism and increased bone resorption and turnover in elderly subjects. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysical interpretation of the proper orthogonal modes using the singular value decomposition
Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

in Journal of Sound & Vibration (2002), 249(5), 849-865

Proper orthogonal decomposition is a statistical pattern analysis technique for finding the dominant structures, called the proper orthogonal modes, in an ensemble of spatially distributed data. While the ... [more ▼]

Proper orthogonal decomposition is a statistical pattern analysis technique for finding the dominant structures, called the proper orthogonal modes, in an ensemble of spatially distributed data. While the proper orthogonal modes are obtained through a statistical formulation, they can be physically interpreted in the field of structural dynamics. The purpose of this paper is thus to provide some insights into the physical interpretation of the proper orthogonal modes using the singular value decomposition. (C) 2002 Academic Press. [less ▲]

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See detailInduction of protective immunity to bovine herpesvirus type 1 in cattle by intranasal administration of replication-defective human adenovirus type 5 expressing glycoprotein gC or gD
Gogev, S.; Vanderheijden, N.; Lemaire, Mylène et al

in Vaccine (2002), 20(9-10), 1451-1465

Replication-defective human adenoviruses type 5 (HAd5) expressing the bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) glycoprotein gC or gD under the control of the human cytomegalovirus immediate-early promoter ... [more ▼]

Replication-defective human adenoviruses type 5 (HAd5) expressing the bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) glycoprotein gC or gD under the control of the human cytomegalovirus immediate-early promoter/enhancer (AdCMVgC or AdCMVgD) or the 5' regulatory region of the human desmin gene (AdDESMgC or AdDESMgD) were generated. A preliminary experiment performed on rabbits showed that the intranasal administration of AdCMV elicited higher levels of BHV-1 neutralizing antibodies than the intramuscular administration of AdDESM. The obtained results allowed to select the replication-defective AdCMVgC and AdCMVgD for further assessment of their potential as a recombinant vaccine in cattle. Calves were injected intranasally twice 3 weeks apart with either AdCMVgC or AdCMVgD or a combination of these two recombinants or a commercially available live vaccine for comparison. The highest BHV-1 neutralizing antibody titres were obtained with AdCMVgD followed by the live vaccine and to a lower extent with the combination of the two recombinants (AdCMVgC+AdCMVgD). Calves were protected against intranasal BHV-1 challenge performed 3 weeks after the second immunization. In view of the obtained results, recombinant HAd5 may be developed as an intranasal vaccine vector in cattle administrated either alone or sequentially with non-human adenovirus-based vectors. [less ▲]

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See detailTwo-step backbiting reaction in the ring-opening polymerization of gamma-acryloyloxy-epsilon-caprolactone initiated with aluminium isopropoxide
Lou, Xudong; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Lecomte, Philippe ULg et al

in Macromolecular Rapid Communications (2002), 23(2), 126-129

gamma-Acryloyloxyethyl-gamma-butyrolactone is formed as a byproduct when the polymerization of gamma-acryloyloxy-epsilon-caprolactone is initiated with aluminium isopropoxide in toluene. The extent of ... [more ▼]

gamma-Acryloyloxyethyl-gamma-butyrolactone is formed as a byproduct when the polymerization of gamma-acryloyloxy-epsilon-caprolactone is initiated with aluminium isopropoxide in toluene. The extent of this side reaction decreases with decreasing temperature and is dependent on whether the reaction is stopped as soon as monomer conversion is complete or not. A two-step backbiting mechanism is proposed for this intramolecular transesterification reaction. [less ▲]

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See detailHistone deacetylases inhibitors as anti-angiogenic agents altering vascular endothelial growth factor signaling
Deroanne, Christophe ULg; Bonjean, Karine; Servotte, Sandrine et al

in Oncogene (2002), 21(3), 427-436

Angiogenesis is a complex biological process involving the coordinated modulation of many genes. Histone deacetylases (HDAC) are a growing family of enzymes that mediate the availability of chromatin to ... [more ▼]

Angiogenesis is a complex biological process involving the coordinated modulation of many genes. Histone deacetylases (HDAC) are a growing family of enzymes that mediate the availability of chromatin to the transcriptional machinery. Trichostatin-A (TSA) and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), two HDAC inhibitors known to relieve gene silencing, were evaluated as potential antiangiogenic agents. TSA and SAHA were shown to prevent vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-stimulated human umbilical cord endothelial cells (HUVEC) from invading a type I collagen gel and forming capillary-like structures. SAHA and TSA inhibited the VEGF-induced formation of a CD31-positive capillary-like network in embryoid bodies and inhibited the VEGF-induced angiogenesis in the CAM assay. TSA also prevented, in a dose-response relationship, the sprouting of capillaries from rat aortic rings. TSA inhibited in a dose-dependent and reversible fashion the VEGF-induced expression of VEGF receptors, VEGFR1, VEGFR2, and neuropilin-1. TSA and SAHA upregulated the expression by HUVEC of semaphorin III, a recently described VEGF competitor, at both mRNA and protein levels. This effect was specific to endothelial cells and was not observed in human fibroblasts neither in vascular smooth muscle cells. These observations provide a conspicuous demonstration that HDAC inhibitors are potent anti-angiogenic factors altering VEGF signaling. [less ▲]

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See detailAutomated determination of pirlindole enantiomers in plasma by on-line coupling of a pre-column packed with restricted access material to a chiral liquid chromatographic column
Chiap, Patrice ULg; Ceccato, Attilio ULg; Gora, R. et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2002), 27(3-4), 447-455

A fully automated liquid chromatographic method has been developed for the determination of the enantiomers of pirlindole, an antidepressant drug, in human plasma. The method is based on the use of a pre ... [more ▼]

A fully automated liquid chromatographic method has been developed for the determination of the enantiomers of pirlindole, an antidepressant drug, in human plasma. The method is based on the use of a pre-column packed with restricted access material (RAM) (LiChrospher ADS RP-4) for sample clean-up coupled to a column containing a cellulose tris-(3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate) based chiral stationary phase (Chiralcel OD-R) for the separation and quantitative analysis of pirlindole enantiomers. A 50-microl plasma volume was injected directly onto the pre-column using a mixture of phosphate buffer (pH 5.0) and methanol (97:3; v/v) as washing liquid. By rotation of a switching valve, the analytes were then eluted in the back-flush mode with the LC mobile phase. A complete separation of pirlindole enantiomers was obtained in 22 min on the Chiralcel OD-R column, using a mobile phase made of a mixture of phosphate buffer (pH 5.0) containing 50 mM sodium perchlorate and acetonitrile (65:35; v/v). The flow-rate was 0.6 ml/min and the analytes were detected fluorometrically using 295 and 340 nm as excitation and emission wavelengths, respectively. The method was then validated and was found to be linear in the 2.5-200 ng/ml range. The limit of detection was lower than 1 ng/ml. Repeatability and intermediate precision at a concentration of 50 ng/ml were about 1.5 and 3.5%, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailMatrix and serine protease expression during leukemic cell differentiation induced by aclacinomycin and all-trans-retinoic acid
Devy, L.; Hollender, P.; Munaut, Carine ULg et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (2002), 63(2), 179-189

In myeloid leukemia, immature leukemic cells are able to egress into peripheral blood to infiltrate extra-medullary organs. We therefore analyzed the migrating and invasive potential of human HL-60 and ... [more ▼]

In myeloid leukemia, immature leukemic cells are able to egress into peripheral blood to infiltrate extra-medullary organs. We therefore analyzed the migrating and invasive potential of human HL-60 and NB4 cell lines, representative of acute myelogenous leukemia, their ability to express matrix metalloproteases (MMPs), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteases (TIMPs) and urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) in response to differentiating agents. Granulocytic differentiation by all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and aclacinomycin (ACLA) strongly increased HL-60 and NB4 cell migration and invasion. At mRNA and protein levels, these cell lines produced significant amounts of MMP-9 (HL-60 < NB4). Granulocytic differentiation by ACLA increased both pro and active forms of MMP-9 whereas ATRA decreased them and stimulated uPA mRNAs. TIMP-1, the physiological MMP inhibitor, increased during granulocytic differentiation whereas TIMP-2 did not significantly vary. Use of Batimastat and aprotinin suggests that ATRA was active by modulating the uPA system while ACLA interfered with MMP expression. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that HL-60 and NB4 cells express MMPs and uPA which are differentially regulated by the differentiating agents ATRA and ACLA and suggest the clinical usefulness of MMPs and serine protease inhibitors in the prophylaxis and treatment of the ATRA syndrome. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailNear-infrared [Fe II] emission from supernova remnants and the supernova rate of starburst galaxies
Morel, Thierry ULg; Doyon, R.; St-Louis, N.

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2002), 329

In an effort better to calibrate the supernova rate of starburst galaxies as determined from near-infrared [FeII] features, we report on a [FeII] λ1.644μm line-imaging survey of a sample of 42 optically ... [more ▼]

In an effort better to calibrate the supernova rate of starburst galaxies as determined from near-infrared [FeII] features, we report on a [FeII] λ1.644μm line-imaging survey of a sample of 42 optically selected supernova remnants (SNRs) in M33. A wide range of [FeII] luminosities are observed within our sample (from less than 6 to 695L[SUB]solar[/SUB]). Our data suggest that the bright [FeII] SNRs are entering the radiative phase and that the density of the local interstellar medium (ISM) largely controls the amount of [FeII] emission. We derive the following relation between the [FeII] λ1.644μm line luminosity of radiative SNRs and the electronic density of the post-shock gas, n[SUB]e[/SUB]: L[SUB][FeII][/SUB] (L[SUB]solar[/SUB])~1.1n[SUB]e[/SUB] (cm[SUP]-3[/SUP]). We also find a correlation in our data between L[SUB][FeII][/SUB] and the metallicity of the shock-heated gas, but the physical interpretation of this result remains inconclusive, as our data also show a correlation between the metallicity and n[SUB]e[/SUB]. The dramatically higher level of [FeII] emission from SNRs in the central regions of starburst galaxies is most likely due to their dense environments, although metallicity effects might also be important. The typical [FeII]-emitting lifetime of a SNR in the central regions of starburst galaxies is found to be of the order of 10[SUP]4[/SUP]yr. On the basis of these results, we provide a new empirical relation allowing the determination of the current supernova rate of starburst galaxies from their integrated near-infrared [FeII] luminosity. [less ▲]

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See detailLes jeunes peuplements mélangés de hêtres et de bouleaux : étude bibliographique sur la forme des hêtres (cahier technique n°18)
Kiss, S.; Claessens, Hugues ULg

in Forêt Wallonne (2002), (55-56), 1-14

Avec cet article sur la mise en place de l’architecture du hêtre, de la plantule à l’arbre adulte, et sur les causes de sa malformation, nous entamons un cycle de deux cahiers techniques dédiés à la ... [more ▼]

Avec cet article sur la mise en place de l’architecture du hêtre, de la plantule à l’arbre adulte, et sur les causes de sa malformation, nous entamons un cycle de deux cahiers techniques dédiés à la sylviculture du hêtre en mélange avec le bouleau. Les premières parties abordent la définition d’une architecture d’arbre idéal et le rôle de la concurrence sur la forme des hêtres. Ces notions permettront, dans les parties ultérieures, de mieux désigner les individus destinés à devenir des arbres « objectif » et à comprendre le rôle des essences compagnes dans les plantations mélangées. Le bouleau servira d’essence de bourrage pour l’élaboration d’une sylviculture d’arbres adaptée aux mélanges. [less ▲]

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See detailLa restauration du maillage écologique: une nécessité pour assurer la conservation de l'herpétofaune en Wallonie
Graitson, Eric ULg; Jacob, Jean-Paul

in Natura Mosana (2002), 54(4), 21-36

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See detailLe gigantisme: un mystère élucidé
Beckers, Albert ULg

in Bulletin et Mémoires de l'Académie Royale de Médecine de Belgique (2002), 157(1-2), 111-7117-9

Acromegaly was first described by Pierre Marie in 1886. Some years later, it became clear that acromegaly and gigantism share the same etiology: GH hypersecretion due to a pituitary adenoma, induces ... [more ▼]

Acromegaly was first described by Pierre Marie in 1886. Some years later, it became clear that acromegaly and gigantism share the same etiology: GH hypersecretion due to a pituitary adenoma, induces gigantism if already present during puberty, or an acromegalic if it appears only during the adulthood. During the XXth century, the disease has been well described and is now well controlled with several treatments. Recently, genetic alterations responsible for the disease have been elucidated. [less ▲]

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See detailThe crystal chemistry of lithium in the alluaudite structure: A study of the (Na1-xLix)Cdln(2) (PO4)(3) the solid solution (x=0 to 1)
Hatert, Frédéric ULg; Antenucci, Diano ULg; Fransolet, André-Mathieu ULg et al

in Journal of Solid State Chemistry (2002), 163(1), 194-201

Several compounds of the (Na1-xLix)CdIn2(PO4)(3) solid solution were synthesized by a solid-state reaction in air, and pure alluaudite-like compounds were obtained for x = 0.00, 0.25, and 0.50. X-ray ... [more ▼]

Several compounds of the (Na1-xLix)CdIn2(PO4)(3) solid solution were synthesized by a solid-state reaction in air, and pure alluaudite-like compounds were obtained for x = 0.00, 0.25, and 0.50. X-ray Rietveld refinements indicate the occurrence of Cd2+ in the M(1) site, and of In3+ in the M(2) site of the alluaudite structure. This non-disordered cationic distribution is confirmed by the sharpness of the infrared absorption bands. The distribution of Na+ and Li+ on the A(1) and A(2)' crystallographic sites cannot be accurately assessed by the Rietvled method, probably because the electronic densities involved in the Na+ --> Li+ substitution are very small. A comparison with the synthetic alluaudite-like compounds, (Na1-xLix)MnFe2(PO4)(3), indicates the influence of the cations occupying the M(1) and M(2) sites on the coordination polyhedra morphologies of the A(1) and A(2)' crystallographic sites. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science. [less ▲]

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See detailEfficacy of the new long-acting formulation of lanreotide (lanreotide Autogel) in the management of acromegaly.
Caron, Ph; Beckers, Albert ULg; Cullen, C. R. et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2002), 87(1), 99-104

Lanreotide Autogel is a new long-acting aqueous preparation of lanreotide for the treatment of acromegaly and is administered by deep sc injection from a small volume, prefilled syringe. The aim of this ... [more ▼]

Lanreotide Autogel is a new long-acting aqueous preparation of lanreotide for the treatment of acromegaly and is administered by deep sc injection from a small volume, prefilled syringe. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this new long-acting formulation in a large population of acromegalic patients previously responsive to lanreotide 30 mg, im (sustained release microparticle formulation). Lanreotide Autogel was administered by deep sc injection every 28 d to 107 patients (54 males and 53 females; mean age, 54 +/- 1.2 yr). All patients had been treated with lanreotide (30 mg) for at least 3 months before study entry and had a mean GH level less than 10 ng/ml after at least 4 subsequent im injections every 14 d (48%), 10 d (32%), or 7 d (20%). Treatment was switched from lanreotide 30 mg injected every 14, 10, or 7 d to 60, 90, or 120 mg lanreotide Autogel, respectively, every 28 d. After three fixed dose injections of lanreotide Autogel, mean lanreotide levels were similar to those obtained at steady state with lanreotide 30 mg. During lanreotide Autogel treatment, the control of acromegalic symptoms was comparable with that previously achieved during lanreotide 30 mg treatment. After 3 injections of lanreotide Autogel, mean GH (2.87 +/- 0.22 ng/ml) and IGF-I (317 +/- 15 ng/ml) values were comparable with those recorded at the end of lanreotide 30 mg treatment (GH, 2.82 +/- 0.19 ng/ml; IGF-I, 323 +/- 16 ng/ml). GH levels below 2.5 ng/ml and age-/sex-normalized IGF-I were achieved in 33% and 39% of patients during lanreotide 30 mg and lanreotide Autogel treatment, respectively. Diarrhea, abdominal pain, and nausea were reported by 38%, 22%, and 18% of patients during lanreotide 30 mg treatment and by 29%, 17%, and 9% of patients, respectively, during lanreotide Autogel treatment. In conclusion, this clinical study shows that lanreotide Autogel is at least as efficacious and well tolerated as lanreotide 30 mg. This new long-acting lanreotide formulation, lanreotide Autogel, which is administered from a small volume, prefilled syringe by deep sc injection, is therefore likely to improve the acceptability of medical treatment for patients requiring long-term somatostatin analog therapy. [less ▲]

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See detailSport-études : Comparaison des caractéristiques motivationnelles et des relations sociales des élèves sportifs et de leurs condisciples
Cloes, Marc ULg; Schelings, Virginie; Ledent, Maryse ULg et al

in e Journal de la Recherche sur l'Intervention en Education Physique et Sport (2002), 1

Le sport-études a été créé afin de permettre aux jeunes ayant de bonnes dispositions sportives de les développer dans le cadre d’un programme intégré à leur formation scolaire. Si les modalités pratiques ... [more ▼]

Le sport-études a été créé afin de permettre aux jeunes ayant de bonnes dispositions sportives de les développer dans le cadre d’un programme intégré à leur formation scolaire. Si les modalités pratiques diffèrent largement d’une structure à l’autre selon la législation en vigueur, les sportifs sont inévitablement confrontés à des problèmes communs. Bizarrement, peu d’études semblent s’y être intéressées. Par ailleurs, les élèves qui partagent la formation scolaire des sportifs constituent un groupe auquel il n’est jamais fait référence. [less ▲]

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See detailA colorimetric method for the determination of lipase activity in soil
Margesin, R.; Feller, Georges ULg; Hammerle, M. et al

in Biotechnology Letters (2002), 24(1), 27-33

A colorimetric method for the determination of lipase activity in soil has been developed. Using p-nitrophenyl butyrate as substrate, soil samples are incubated at 30 degreesC and pH 7.25 for 10 min ... [more ▼]

A colorimetric method for the determination of lipase activity in soil has been developed. Using p-nitrophenyl butyrate as substrate, soil samples are incubated at 30 degreesC and pH 7.25 for 10 min. After cooling on ice and centrifugation, the released p-nitrophenol is determined at 400 nm. To allow for the adsorption of p-nitrophenol onto soil, a calibration curve is prepared in the presence of soil. [less ▲]

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See detailA scheduler for relative delay service differentiation
Jennes, Geoffroy ULg; Leduc, Guy ULg; Tufail, Mudassir

in Annales des Télécommunications = Annals of Telecommunications (2002), 57(1-2, JAN-FEB), 83-104

We propose a new delay-based scheduler called as RD-VC (Relative Delay VirtualClock). Since it performs a delay-based service differentiation among flow aggregates, the quality at microflow level is the ... [more ▼]

We propose a new delay-based scheduler called as RD-VC (Relative Delay VirtualClock). Since it performs a delay-based service differentiation among flow aggregates, the quality at microflow level is the same as that at aggregate level. This is not easily achievable when the service differentiation is bandwidth-based or loss-based. Unlike the EDF (Earliest Deadline First) scheduler [1], our proposed scheduler self-regulates and adapts the delays according to load changes. This characteristic permits its to implement it in an AF-like PHB providing the relative quantification service in a DiffServ network. Finally, we compare our proposed RD-VC scheduler with two important existing propositions: WTP (Waiting Time Priority) [2, 3] and EX-VC (Extended VirtualClock) [4]. Both these propositions are delay-based and have self-regulation property All three schedulers (RD-VC, WTP and EX-VC) maintain the required service differentiation among aggregates and have comparable long term average performance like mean throughput per aggregate and packet loss ratio etc. However, RD-VC and WTP take an edge over EX-VC at short-term performance like jitter. Both RD-VC and WTP have good long term and short-term performance. Our proposed RD-VC, compared to existing WTP, has two additional characteristics, i.e. unlike WTP which is limited to architectures with one queue per QoS class, it has no limitation on implementation scope (with or without separate queues per class) and it has lower complexity. This renders RD-VC an interesting proposition. [less ▲]

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See detailAcute traumatic central cord syndrome: magnetic resonance imaging and clinical observations
Collignon, F. D.; Martin, Didier ULg; Lenelle, Jacques ULg et al

in Journal of Neurosurgery (2002), 96(1 Suppl), 29-33

Object. Acute traumatic central cord syndrome has been classically thought to be caused by a hemorrhage that primarily affects the central part of the spinal cord and that destroys the axons of the inner ... [more ▼]

Object. Acute traumatic central cord syndrome has been classically thought to be caused by a hemorrhage that primarily affects the central part of the spinal cord and that destroys the axons of the inner part of the corticospinal tract devoted to the motor control of the hands. Some authors, however, have proposed that its pathogenesis is based on the destruction of the motor neurons supplying the muscles of the hand. To test the validity of these two theories, the authors retrospectively studied the magnetic resonance (MR) images obtained in 18 cases of acute traumatic central cord syndrome (ATCCS) to assess the presence of intramedullary blood and to define the distribution of the abnormal signal intensities in the cervical spinal cord. Methods. The authors used the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) motor scale to assess upper- and lower-limb deficits and to evaluate its metameric distribution. The abnormal intramedullary signal was then compared with the distribution of the motor deficit. All MR imaging sessions performed in the acute stage revealed a hyperintense signal on T-2-weighted sequences without any signal change suggesting the presence of intramedullary blood. The localization of this signal was distributed predominantly from the C3-4 to the C5-6 disc levels. The mean ASIA motor score was 74.3 of 100, with an unequal representation between the upper and lower limbs (32 of 50 compared with 42.3 of 50, respectively). The metameric distribution of the deficit was also unequal, with a major deficit in hand function (C8-T1) compared with the more proximal cord segments (5.2 of 10 compared with 7.8 of 10, respectively). This demonstrates the absence of any correlation between the hyperintense signal and the motor deficit distribution. Conclusions. Acute traumatic central cord syndrome cannot be explained by the injury to the gray matter at the level of motor neurons supplying the hand muscles. In agreement with recently published data, the results of this series confirm the absence of intramedullary hemorrhage and corroborate the hypothesis that ATCCS may be explained by the impairment of the corticospinal tract, which can be affected globally. [less ▲]

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See detailEstablishment of a geographic data dictionnary : a case study of UrbIS 2 ©, the Brussels regional government GIS
Pantazis, Dimos; Cornélis, Bernard; Billen, Roland ULg et al

in Computers, Environment & Urban Systems (2002), 26(1), 3-17

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See detailContribution of unsymmetrical difunctional initiators/monomers to the macromolecular engineering
Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecular Symposia (2002), 177

The emerging technologies (e.g. in optics, microelectronics, medicine...) require the availability of synthetic polymers with continuously more sophisticated properties and performances. The best way for ... [more ▼]

The emerging technologies (e.g. in optics, microelectronics, medicine...) require the availability of synthetic polymers with continuously more sophisticated properties and performances. The best way for the polymer chemist to face this challenge is to tailor the molecular structure of the chains. Nowadays, the progress in the living/controlled polymerization mechanisms is such that the so-called macromolecular engineering is a vivid reality. [less ▲]

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See detailS-acetyl-glutathione selectively induces apoptosis in human lymphoma cells through a GSH-independent mechanism
Locigno, Roberto; Pincemail, Joël ULg; Henno, Audrey et al

in International Journal of Oncology (2002), 20(1), 69-75

Reduced apoptosis is associated to cancer development. Agents able to restore the programmed cell death responsiveness of cancer cells are foreseen as potential effective cancer therapies. In this study ... [more ▼]

Reduced apoptosis is associated to cancer development. Agents able to restore the programmed cell death responsiveness of cancer cells are foreseen as potential effective cancer therapies. In this study, we report that a glutathione-S-derivative, S-acetyl-glutathione (Sag), induces significant apoptosis in three human lymphoma cell lines, including Daudi, Raji and Jurkat cells while it had no or little effect on either Hut-78 lymphoma cells or the normal BT lymphocytes. We used Annexin-V FACS analysis and DNA laddering to demonstrate that Sag activated apoptosis in the three sensitive cell lines in a dose- and time-dependent-fashion. Using mercury orange staining and FACS analysis, we showed that Sag generated an intracellular GSH depletion in Daudi, Raji and Jurkat cells but not in Hut-78 or the normal BT cells. These data provide direct evidence that Sag specifically activates programmed cell death in lymphoma cells through, at least in part, a depletion of intracellular GSH rather than an increase, as previously suggested. Because of its selective effect on cancer cells, Sag appears as a promising new lymphoma cell apoptosis inducer with potential clinical value for lymphoma patients. [less ▲]

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See detailPharma-clinics le medicament du mois. Le rabeprazole (Pariet)
Louis, Edouard ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(1), 53-6

Proton pomp inhibitors (PPI) have revolutionized the treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and gastro-duodenal ulcers. Rabeprazole (Pariet) is the last PPI arrived on the Belgian market ... [more ▼]

Proton pomp inhibitors (PPI) have revolutionized the treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and gastro-duodenal ulcers. Rabeprazole (Pariet) is the last PPI arrived on the Belgian market. Controlled studies have shown an efficacy similar to emeprazole in the treatment of oeso-gastro-duodenal acid diseases. Rabeprazole has a favourable profile with rapid action and good safety. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude clinique du mois. Effets du valsartan dans l'insuffisance cardiaque chronique: l'etude Val-HeFT
Pierard, Luc ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(1), 57-9

Current guidelines recommend drugs which reduce neurohormonal activation as standard therapy for heart failure: angiotensin converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, beta-blockers and spironolactone. The ... [more ▼]

Current guidelines recommend drugs which reduce neurohormonal activation as standard therapy for heart failure: angiotensin converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, beta-blockers and spironolactone. The Valsartan Heart Failure Trial (Val-HeFT) tested the efficacy of the angiotensin-receptor blocker valsartan in addition to prescribed therapy. A total of 5010 patients with heart failure of NYHA class II, III or IV were randomly assigned to receive 160 mg of valsartan or placebo twice daily. Further angiotensin antagonism by valsartan did not improve survival but was beneficial in terms of morbidity and mortality, because of reduced rate of hospitalization, significant improvements in NYHA class, ejection fraction, signs and symptoms of heart failure, and quality of life. Valsartan had highly favourable effects in patients not receiving ACE inhibitors but an adverse effect in patients receiving both ACE inhibitors and beta-blockers. The effects of adding valsartan are depending on the importance of previous neurohormonal inhibition. [less ▲]

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See detailLà-bas si j'y suis
Dejasse, Erwin ULg

in 9e Art : Les Cahiers du Musée de la Bande Dessinée (2002), 7

The article deals with the idea of place into the comics of Belgian artist Jean-Philippe Stassen.

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois. Membrane sous-valvulaire aortique
Radermecker, M.A.; Dresse, Denise ULg; Grenade, T. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(1), 7-9

A case of fixed subvalvular aortic stenosis is reported. This clinical observation is the occasion to review the pathophysiology of this lesion and the last developments in the surgical treatment.

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See detailUse of an Amplatzer ductal occluder to close a persistent left superior caval vein which reopened after a total cavopulmonary anastomosis.
SEGHAYE, Marie-Christine ULg; Wainwright, Uwe; von Bermuth, Gotz

in Cardiology in the Young (2002), 12(1), 81-3

A 7-year-old boy developed increasing cyanosis after a total cavopulmonary connection with a 3 mm fenestration in the baffle. Catheterisation performed 4 years and 7 months after the operation showed ... [more ▼]

A 7-year-old boy developed increasing cyanosis after a total cavopulmonary connection with a 3 mm fenestration in the baffle. Catheterisation performed 4 years and 7 months after the operation showed reopening of a left superior caval vein draining into the pulmonary venous atrium. Due to the large size of the left superior caval vein, and the absence of intrinsic stenosis, we chose to use an Amplatzer ductal device to occlude the reopened vein. The procedure was safe and successful. [less ▲]

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See detailSpace and time distributions of phosphate in the Mediterranean Sea
Karafistan, A.; Martin, J. M.; Rixen, M. et al

in Deep-Sea Research Part I, Oceanographic Research Papers (2002), 49(1), 67-82

Statistical modelling was applied to a large number of historical nutrient data to assess the significance of human perturbations in the Mediterranean Sea. All available phosphate data were grouped into ... [more ▼]

Statistical modelling was applied to a large number of historical nutrient data to assess the significance of human perturbations in the Mediterranean Sea. All available phosphate data were grouped into subsets representative of averaged values of the measured vertical profiles in the surface and deep water layers. In contrast to earlier predictions, the statistical analysis of the phosphate concentrations in a deep water layer does not indicate any particular trend in time for the last 30 years. These data sets were then used as an input to an inverse model and a 3D primitive equation model (PEM). The former redistributes the measured concentrations by means of a variational principle and reconstructs average horizontal space distributions of the phosphate data fields as gridded solutions over the whole area. The spatial and temporal distributions thus obtained are visualised graphically and compared with other existing data, providing the first overall view of phosphate in the whole Mediterranean Sea and revealing an increasing oligotrophy towards the eastern basin. The primitive equation model is then used to assess the variability and upwelling fluxes. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailMorsure de chien chez un patient splénectomisé
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Dubois, Colette ULg; Mendes, Pedro et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(1), 40-4

We present a case of Capnocytophaga canimorsus fulminant infection linked to a dog bite in a splenectomized patient. Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a gram-negative rod that typically causes septicaemia with ... [more ▼]

We present a case of Capnocytophaga canimorsus fulminant infection linked to a dog bite in a splenectomized patient. Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a gram-negative rod that typically causes septicaemia with disseminated intravascular coagulation in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent hosts. It is associated with high mortality. We also reviewed the literature and provide some recommendations on the management of bite wound as well as on both prevention and treatment of infection in asplenic state. [less ▲]

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See detailThe inhibition of metalloproteinases to treat osteoarthritis: reality and new perspectives
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Sanchez, Christelle ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents (2002), 12(1), 29-43

The objective of this paper is to analyse the potential therapeutic action of MMP inhibitors in the management of osteoarthritis (OA), based on a critical review of the literature. The role played by ... [more ▼]

The objective of this paper is to analyse the potential therapeutic action of MMP inhibitors in the management of osteoarthritis (OA), based on a critical review of the literature. The role played by metalloproteinases (MPs) in the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis is discussed, as well as their regulation by tissular inhibitors, activators and cytokines. The evidences that commonly used drugs for treating osteoarthritis are also active on MPs synthesis is also reported. Finally, this paper provides an analysis of the recent patents published with promising therapeutic potential and gives new perspectives for anti-MPs therapy. [less ▲]

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See detailConservation of the lesser horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros Bechstein, 1800) (Mammalia : Chiroptera) in Belgium. A case study of feeding habitat requirements
Motte, G.; Libois, Roland ULg

in Belgian Journal of Zoology (2002), 132(1), 49-54

The aim of this study was to determine the habitat use of the last important Belgian colony of Rhinolophus hipposideros, Bechstein, 1800, one of the most endangered bat species in Europe. During 71 ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to determine the habitat use of the last important Belgian colony of Rhinolophus hipposideros, Bechstein, 1800, one of the most endangered bat species in Europe. During 71 evenings from April to August 1998, ultrasound detection was performed and, in late August, a female horseshoe bat was caught and fitted with a radio transmitter. The results showed that hedgerows and woodlands with bushes and coppice are key foraging habitats. They also highlight the importance of the presence of a network of wooded elements connecting the maternity roost with the foraging areas. To assure long-term protection of this colony, strong habitat conservation measures should be taken in a radius of up to 1-2 km around the roost. [less ▲]

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See detailAnti-CD3/anti-epidermal growth factor receptor-bispecific antibody retargeting of lymphocytes against human neoplastic keratinocytes in an autologous organotypic culture model
Renard, I.; Mezzanzanica, Delia; Canevari, Silvana et al

in American Journal of Pathology (2002), 160(1), 113-122

Local cellular immune defects have been described in several tumors including human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cervical cancer. This observation suggests the potential therapeutic benefit of immune ... [more ▼]

Local cellular immune defects have been described in several tumors including human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cervical cancer. This observation suggests the potential therapeutic benefit of immune manipulations that restore cellular immunity. Here, we evaluated the ability of bispecific monoclonal antibodies (bimAbs) to redirect T cells against keratinocytes transformed in vitro by HPV in an autologous three-dimensional culture model (organotypic cultures). The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was chosen as target for an anti-CD3/anti-EGFR bimAb because it is overexpressed in many malignant epithelial lesions and only weakly expressed in the basal layers of normal squamous epithelium. Interestingly, in organotypic cultures, the pattern of expression of EGFR was similar to that observed in vivo. The ability of T cells retargeted by CD3/EGFR bimAb to lyse HPV-transformed cell lines was confirmed in monolayer cultures. In autologous organotypic cultures, an increase in apoptotic HPV(+) keratinocytes and a significant decrease in the thickness of HPV(+) organotypic cultures were observed when activated lymphocytes and bimAbs were added to the cultures, whereas organotypic cultures of normal keratinocytes were not significantly affected. These data were similar to those obtained in the allogeneic model. These results suggest the potential usefulness of CD3-EGFR bimAb-retargeted lymphocytes in immunotherapeutic protocols for malignant epithelial lesions. [less ▲]

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See detailFaut-il faire un echocardiogramme avant une angioplastie directe pour infarctus myocardique aigu?
Pierard, Luc ULg

in Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angeiologie (2002), 51(1), 51-2

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See detail8-Chloro-6-(3-dimethylaminopropylamino)-11H-pyrido[2,3-b][1,4]benzodiazepine
Dupont, Léon ULg; Eyrolles, Laurence; Evrard, Guy et al

in Acta Crystallographica Section E-Structure Reports Online (2002), 58(Part 1), 69-71

The crystal structure determination of the title compound, C17H20ClN5, has been undertaken as part of studies on antipsychotic drugs. Its structure is compared with that of clozapine (C18H19ClN4), a well ... [more ▼]

The crystal structure determination of the title compound, C17H20ClN5, has been undertaken as part of studies on antipsychotic drugs. Its structure is compared with that of clozapine (C18H19ClN4), a well known atypical antipsychotic drug. The side chain is more flexible than in the N-methylpiperazine analogues, but its folding is influenced by an intramolecular N-H . . .N hydrogen bond. The distances between the N-distal atom, a possible pharmacophore, and the centres of the two aromatic rings are significantly shorter than in clozapine. The crystal packing involves one N-H . . .N intermolecular hydrogen bond. The title compound showed no affinity for the receptors tested. [less ▲]

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See detailAn improved clean-up strategy for simultaneous analysis of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) in fatty food samples
Pirard, Catherine ULg; Focant, Jean-François ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg

in Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (2002), 372(2), 373-381

The study and extension of a simple automated clean-up method for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF) to a broad range of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) is ... [more ▼]

The study and extension of a simple automated clean-up method for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF) to a broad range of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) is described. The isolation of seven PCDD, ten PCDF, and three coplanar PCB (cPCB) is extended to eight monoortho substituted PCB and seven so-called "marker PCB" (Aroclor 1260) for fatty food samples. This enables quantification of 35 compounds - including all congeners with a WHO toxic equivalent factor (TEF)--in a single extraction and single purification step. The chromatographic behaviour of mono-ortho PCB and marker PCB on a variety of adsorbents, including basic alumina, has been studied. Partitioning of analytes through multi-column sequences is described and correlated with their structural and electronic properties, by use of molecular modelling calculations. The fractionation process available with the Power-Prep automated clean-up system enables rapid independent analysis of the different groups of compounds. Gas chromatography with high resolution mass spectrometry (GC-HRMS) is used for the PCDD/F and cPCB fraction and quadrupole ion-storage tandem in time mass spectrometry (GC-QISTMS) for analysis of the remaining PCB. A comparison study was performed on quality-control samples and real fatty food samples to evaluate the robustness of the new strategy compared with a reference method. On the basis of this simultaneous clean-up, a rapid simplified strategy for PCDD/F and selected PCB analysis determination is proposed for fatty food samples. [less ▲]

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See detailDistribution of aromatase immunoreactivity in the forebrain of red-sided garter snakes at the beginning of the winter dormancy
Krohmer, R. W.; Bieganski, G. J.; Baleckaitis, D. D. et al

in Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy (2002), 23(1), 59-71

Until recently, it has been difficult to identify the exact location of aromatase containing cells in the brain. The development of new antibodies has provided a sensitive tool to analyze the distribution ... [more ▼]

Until recently, it has been difficult to identify the exact location of aromatase containing cells in the brain. The development of new antibodies has provided a sensitive tool to analyze the distribution of aromatase immunoreactive (ARO-ir) material at a cellular level of resolution. In the present study we examined, for the first time, the distribution of ARO-ir cells in the brain of a reptile, the red-sided garter snake, at the beginning of the winter dormancy. ARO-ir cells were found at all rostro-caudal levels in the red-sided garter snake brain. Although weakly stained cells were distributed throughout the brain, more intensely immunoreactive cells were primarily concentrated in the preoptic area, anterior hypothalamus, septum and nucleus sphericus. Although androgens are elevated upon emergence from hibernation in the male red-sided garter snake, initiation of courtship behavior appears to be independent of direct androgen control. To date, the only known stimulus found to initiate courtship is a period of low temperature dormancy followed by exposure to warm temperatures. Circumstantial data, however, suggest an indirect role in the activation of male copulatory behavior for estrogenic metabolites of testosterone produced in the brain by aromatization during the winter dormancy. This study provides the first documentation of the distribution of ARO-ir cells in a reptilian species and demonstrates that while the aromatase enzyme occurs in most regions of the brain, the ARO-ir cells that appear to contain the highest concentration of enzyme are clustered in brain areas classically associated with the control of courtship behavior and mating in vertebrates. These data are consistent with the idea that estrogens locally produced in the brain may participate in some way to the activation of sexual behavior in this species also. This notion should now be experimentally tested by analyzing annual changes in aromatase activity and immunoreactivity and assessing the effects of pharmacological blockade of the enzyme activity at different times of the year. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailA note on finite-sample efficiencies of estimators for the minimum volume ellipsoid
Croux, C.; Haesbroeck, Gentiane ULg

in Journal of Statistical Computation & Simulation (2002), 72(7), 585-596

Among the most well known estimators of multivariate location and scatter is the Minimum Volume Ellipsoid (MVE). Many algorithms have been proposed to compute it. Most of these attempt merely to ... [more ▼]

Among the most well known estimators of multivariate location and scatter is the Minimum Volume Ellipsoid (MVE). Many algorithms have been proposed to compute it. Most of these attempt merely to approximate as close as possible the exact MVE, but some of them led to the definition of new estimators which maintain the properties of robustness and affine equivariance that make the MVE so attractive. Rousseeuw and van Zomeren (1990) used the (p+1)- subset estimator which was modified by Croux and Haesbroeck (1997) to give rise to the averaged (p+1)- subset estimator . This note shows by means of simulations that the averaged (p+1)-subset estimator outperforms the exact estimator as far as finite-sample efficiency is concerned. We also present a new robust estimator for the MVE, closely related to the averaged (p+1)-subset estimator, but yielding a natural ranking of the data. [less ▲]

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See detailVirus neutralising antibodies against 22 bovine viral diarrhoea virus isolates in vaccinated calves
Hamers, C.; Di Valentin, Emmanuel ULg; Dumont, Chloé ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (2002), 163(1), 61-67

Seven of nine colostrum deprived calves, free from bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV), were vaccinated with a commercially available vaccine containing two inactivated strains of BVDV, an inactivated ... [more ▼]

Seven of nine colostrum deprived calves, free from bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV), were vaccinated with a commercially available vaccine containing two inactivated strains of BVDV, an inactivated strain of bovine herpesvirus-1 and modified-live strains of bovine respiratory syncytial virus and para-influenza-3 virus. The two other calves were kept as controls. The virus neutralising (VN) antibodies induced by vaccination were tested against 22 antigenically diverse BVDV isolates, including reference strains and field isolates, both cytopathic and non-cytopathic, as well as genotypes I and II. The strains were isolated in Belgium, France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the USA. While there were variations in the VN titres of the individual calves against all the strains, serum from the seven animals neutralised 20 or more of the strains tested. From the results, it can be concluded that the vaccine can stimulate the production of VN antibodies capable of neutralising a wide range of European and American isolates of BVDV, including genotypes I and II. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidural administration of low-dose morphine combined with clonidine for postoperative analgesia after lumbar disc surgery
Bonhomme, Vincent ULg; Doll, Anne; Dewandre, Pierre-Yves et al

in Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology (2002), 14(1), 1-6

This study evaluates the efficacy and side effects of a low dose of epidural morphine combined with clonidine for postoperative pain relief after lumbar disc surgery. In 36 of 51 patients who accepted the ... [more ▼]

This study evaluates the efficacy and side effects of a low dose of epidural morphine combined with clonidine for postoperative pain relief after lumbar disc surgery. In 36 of 51 patients who accepted the procedure, an epidural catheter was inserted (L1-L2 level). General anesthesia was induced with propofol and sufentanil, and maintained with sevoflurane in O2/N2O. After emergence from anesthesia, epidural analgesia was initiated according to two randomly assigned protocols: 1 mg of morphine with 75 microg of clonidine (Group M) or 12.5 mg of bupivacaine with 75 microg of clonidine (Group B), in 10 mL saline. Piritramide was administered during the first postoperative 24 hours using a patient-controlled analgesia device (PCA). The following parameters were recorded: piritramide consumption during the first 24 hours; pain at rest during the first postoperative hours (D0), during the first night (D1), and during the first mobilization; [visual analogue scale (VAS)]; and the occurrence of drowsiness, motor blockade, respiratory depression, nausea, vomiting, itching, micturition problems, and bladder catheterization during D0 and D1. Epidural administration of morphine-clonidine significantly improved postoperative pain relief and reduced piritramide consumption as compared to epidural bupivacaine-clonidine. Side effects did not differ between groups except for a higher incidence of micturition problems in Group M during D1. The occurrence of bladder catheterization was not significantly higher in that group. We conclude that a low dose of epidural morphine combined with clonidine offers a better postoperative analgesia than does bupivacaine-clonidine. The excellent analgesic conditions were obtained at the expense of a higher incidence of difficulties in initiating micturition. [less ▲]

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See detailReversal of oxalosis cardiomyopathy after combined liver and kidney transplantation
Detry, Olivier ULg; Honore, Pierre ULg; De Roover, Arnaud ULg et al

in Transplant International (2002), 15(1), 50-52

Few data have been published on the course of oxalosis cardiomyopathy after combined liver and kidney transplantation in hyperoxaluria patients with myocardial involvement. We report the case of a primary ... [more ▼]

Few data have been published on the course of oxalosis cardiomyopathy after combined liver and kidney transplantation in hyperoxaluria patients with myocardial involvement. We report the case of a primary hyperoxaluria type I patient with renal failure who developed end-stage cardiomyopathy. Left venticulography showed severe diffuse hypokinesia and left ventricular ejection fraction was calculated at 12%. Endomyocardial biopsy demonstrated platelike calcium oxalate crystals within the myocardium and the connective tissue, and mild perivascular fibrosis. The patient was first considered for combined liver-heart-kidney transplantation, but as his cardiac function improved slightly with an intensive dialysis program, combined liver and kidney transplantation was performed. Normal cardiac function was demonstrated at 1-year follow-up, and comparative endomyocardial biopsy showed regression of the myocardial oxalate deposits. This case adds stronger clinical, hemodynamic, and histopathological evidence that severe oxalosis cardiomyopathy may be reversed after combined liver and kidney transplantation. [less ▲]

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See detailLes anomalies morphologiques et metaboliques liees aux traitements antiretroviraux
Debruyn, X.; Nkoghe, D.; Leonard, Philippe ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(1), 23-8

The long term use of antiretroviral therapy is associated with metabolic and morphological abnormalities named lipodystrophy. The understanding of its epidemiology is in progress. NRTIs and Pls are ... [more ▼]

The long term use of antiretroviral therapy is associated with metabolic and morphological abnormalities named lipodystrophy. The understanding of its epidemiology is in progress. NRTIs and Pls are involved in the origin of these abnormalities. So, NRTIs inhibit mitochondrial gamma polymerase and induce body fat distribution disorders. PIs interfere with lipid metabolism, leading to hyperlipidaemia and insulin resistance symptomatology. The diagnosis is made by clinical (far wasting or accumulation, or mixed syndrome) and biological signs (hyperlipidaemia, hyperglycaemia, hyperlactacidaemia). Radiological exams can quantify morphological abnormalities. The management consists in drug substitution, diet and exercise, and corrective drugs. Plastic surgery can be useful. [less ▲]

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See detailLes kystes bronchogeniques: observation clinique et revue de la litterature
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; Moscato, A.; Delbecque, Katty ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(1), 45-8

Pulmonary bronchogenic cysts are benign lesions that can be suspected from clinical background and imaging. We present the case of a huge subcarinal bronchogenic cyst and review the embryology ... [more ▼]

Pulmonary bronchogenic cysts are benign lesions that can be suspected from clinical background and imaging. We present the case of a huge subcarinal bronchogenic cyst and review the embryology, physiopathology, surgical indications and techniques of this congenital lesion. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative study on the enantioseparation of glutethimide using dual cyclodextrin systems and cyclodextrin modified MEKC in capillary electrophoresis
Abushoffa, Adel M.; Burjanadze, Naira; Blaschke, Gottfried et al

in Journal of Separation Science (2002), 25(1-2), 10-16

In order to critically evaluate the potential of dual cyclodextrin (CD) systems in CE, enantioseparation of the neutral chiral analyte glutethimide (GT) was performed using: a) charged CDs; b ... [more ▼]

In order to critically evaluate the potential of dual cyclodextrin (CD) systems in CE, enantioseparation of the neutral chiral analyte glutethimide (GT) was performed using: a) charged CDs; b) combinations of charged and neutral CDs (dual CD systems), and c) CD-modified micellar electrokinetic chromatography (CD-MECK). The results of this comparative study indicate that properly designed dual CD systems may in certain cases represent a valuable alternative to CD-MEKC and electrokinetic chromatography involving charged CDs for enantioseparation of neutral analytes. [less ▲]

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See detailEstimation of rubber sliding friction from asperity interaction modeling
Bui, Q. V.; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Wear (2002), 252(1-2), 150-160

Interaction between a soft rubber asperity and its hard counterpart is traced with the help of a finite element computation. The analysis is aimed to estimate the influence of adhesion between rubber and ... [more ▼]

Interaction between a soft rubber asperity and its hard counterpart is traced with the help of a finite element computation. The analysis is aimed to estimate the influence of adhesion between rubber and rigid surfaces and the energy losses arising from the deformation of rubber bulk to the sliding resistance. At the contact zone, interfacial bonds are formed due to adhesion and their resistance to sliding is represented by the shear strength of the contact interface. In the rubber bulk, the hysteresis loss is calculated using an appropriate model of the viscoelastic mechanical behavior of rubber for large strains. Dependence of friction on sliding speeds and temperature is hence detected. Influence of surface roughness and contact pressure on friction is also examined. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of endogenous serotonin on the binding of the 5-HT1A PET ligand 18 F in the rat hippocampus: kinetic b measurements combined with microdialysis
Zimmer, Luc; Mauger, Gweltas; Le Bars, Didier et al

in Journal of Neurochemistry (2002), 80(2), 278-286

By using a combination of an original beta(+)-sensitive intracerebral probe and microdialysis, the effect of increased endogenous serotonin on specific binding of F-18-MPPF [4-(2'-methoxy-phenyl)-1-[2'-[N ... [more ▼]

By using a combination of an original beta(+)-sensitive intracerebral probe and microdialysis, the effect of increased endogenous serotonin on specific binding of F-18-MPPF [4-(2'-methoxy-phenyl)-1-[2'-[N-(2"-pyridinyl)-p-fluorobenzamido]ethyl]piperazine] to the serotonin-1A (5-HT1A) receptors was investigated in the hippocampus of the anaesthetized rat. Our beta-sensitive probe prototype was sensitive enough to obtain Specific F-18-MPPF time-activity curves in the rodent (hippocampus/cerebellum ratio approximate to 2). The serotonin neuronal release was pharmacologically enhanced using fenfluramine at three different doses (1, 2 and 10 mg/kg intravenous) multiplying by 2-15 the extracellular serotonin in the hippocampus. These extracellular variations of extracellular serotonin resulted in dose-ranging decreases in F-18-MPPF-specific binding in the same rat. Our results showed for the first time that F-18-MPPF binding could be modulated by modifications of extracellular serotonin in the rat hippocampus. These results were confirmed by the enhancement of extracellular radioactivity collected in dialysates after the displacement of F-18-MPPF by fenfluramine. After modelization, F-18-MPPF binding could constitute an interesting radiotracer for positron emission tomography in evaluating the serotonin endogenous levels in limbic areas of the human brain. [less ▲]

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See detailEnt-Trachyloban-3beta-ol, a new cytotoxic diterpene frm Croton zambesicus
Block, Sebastien; Stevigny, Caroline; De Pauw-Gillet, Marie-Claire ULg et al

in Planta Medica (2002), 68

The dichloromethane extract of leaves of Croton Zambesicus (Euphorbiaceae) showing in vitro cytotoxicity against huma cervix carcinoma cells was investigated in order to identify its active compounds. A ... [more ▼]

The dichloromethane extract of leaves of Croton Zambesicus (Euphorbiaceae) showing in vitro cytotoxicity against huma cervix carcinoma cells was investigated in order to identify its active compounds. A bio-guided fractionation by HSCCC followed by MPLC led us to isolate a trachylobane diterpene, ent-trachyloban-3beta-ol, with cytotoxic properties (IC50 on HeLa cells = 7.3 ùg/ml). This is the first report on the cytotoxicity of a trachylobane diterpene. [less ▲]

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See detailThe role of the somatotropic axis in the mammalian metabolism
Renaville, Robert ULg; Parmentier, Isabelle; Haezebroeck, Valérie et al

in Acta Anatomica. Supplementum (2002), 5

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See detailThermo-hydro-mechanical coupling in clay barriers
Collin, Frédéric ULg; Li, Xian-Ling; Radu, Jean-Pol ULg et al

in Engineering Geology (2002), 64(2-mars Sp. Iss. SI),

A thermo-hydro-mechanical model is presented to tackle the complex coupling problems encountered in clay barriers. A detailed formulation. coupling heat, moisture (liquid water and water vapour) and air ... [more ▼]

A thermo-hydro-mechanical model is presented to tackle the complex coupling problems encountered in clay barriers. A detailed formulation. coupling heat, moisture (liquid water and water vapour) and air transfer in a deformable unsaturated soil is given. The formulation of Alonso-Gens' mechanical model for unsaturated soil is also incorporated. Finally, a small-scale wetting-heating test on compacted bentonite is performed for validation; the numerical results are compared to the experimental measurements. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailThe energy-conserving and energy-dissipating processes in mitochondria isolated from wild type and nonripening tomato fruits during development on the plant.
Almeida, A.; Navet, R.; Jarmuszkiewicz, W. et al

in Journal of Bioenergetics & Biomembranes (2002), 34(6), 487-498

Bioenergetics of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) development on the plant was followed from the early growing stage to senescence in wild type (climacteric) and nonripening mutant (nor, non-climacteric ... [more ▼]

Bioenergetics of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) development on the plant was followed from the early growing stage to senescence in wild type (climacteric) and nonripening mutant (nor, non-climacteric) fruits. Fruit development was expressed in terms of evolution of chlorophyll a content allowing the assessment of a continuous time-course in both cultivars. Measured parameters: the cytochrome pathway-dependent respiration, i.e., the ATP synthesis-sustained respiration (energy-conserving), the uncoupling protein (UCP) activity-sustained respiration (energy-dissipating), the alternative oxidase(AOX)-mediated respiration (energy-dissipating), as well as the protein expression of UCP and AOX, and free fatty acid content exhibited different evolution patterns in the wild type and nor mutant that can be attributed to their climacteric/nonclimacteric properties, respectively. In the wild type, the climacteric respiratory burst observed in vitro depended totally on an increse in the cytochrome pathway activity sustained by ATP synthesis, while the second respiratory rise during the ripening stage was linked to a strong increase in AOX activity accompanied by an overexpression of AOX protein. In wild type mitochondria, the 10-microM linoleic acid-stimulated UCP-activity-dependent respiration remained constant during the whole fruit development except in senescence where general respiratory decay was observed. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessment of milk yield losses and subclinical mastitis risk factors using bulk milk somatic cell counts in dairy herds
Mtaallah, Brahim; Oubey, Zied; Hammami, Hedi ULg

in Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire (2002), 153(4), 251-260

A prospective study, involving 21 selected dairy farms in north of Tunisia, was conducted to asses the loss of milk production due to high levels bulk tank somatic cell count and to find some relationship ... [more ▼]

A prospective study, involving 21 selected dairy farms in north of Tunisia, was conducted to asses the loss of milk production due to high levels bulk tank somatic cell count and to find some relationship between risk factors and subclinical mastitis. We found that the mean of bulk milk somatic cell count was 626 103 cell/ml. Using a simple statistical model, the average loss of milk due to levels bulk tank somatic cell count was 524 kg per cow per year. Using method of mean comparisons, risk factors associated to high levels bulk tank somatic cell count was: Livestock farming risk factors : inadequacy bedding area; inadequacy cleaning bedding and scrapping area. Milking risk factors : washing teat with a shower no adjustable flow and without wipe with individuel towel milk shift work above five per cow-herd; no stripping squirts of milk before milking; milking healthy and mastitis cows at the same time; no teat dipping. [less ▲]

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See detailPollution chimique de l'environnement et risque toxique pour l'homme. Le rôle particulier des dérivés pesticides organochlorés
Charlier, Corinne ULg; Plomteux, Guy ULg

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2002), 60(1, Jan-Feb), 37-46

There is an increasing concern about environmental exposure to multiple chemicals and adverse changes in reproductive development, function, or behaviour in wildlife. The major group of environmental ... [more ▼]

There is an increasing concern about environmental exposure to multiple chemicals and adverse changes in reproductive development, function, or behaviour in wildlife. The major group of environmental chemicals, such as organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and other xenoestrogens are currently known to have estrogenic effects in vertebrates or fishes. Recent studies suggest that past exposure to such estrogenic compounds may affects the risk of developing breast cancer, precocious puberty, or impaired fertility in man. [less ▲]

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See detailRegelgeving inzake het zelfbeschikkingsrecht, Redactie Privaat
Leleu, Yves-Henri ULg

in Tijdschrift voor Privaatrecht (2002)

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See detailEconomic evaluation of chronic hepatitis C treatment by interferon-ribavirin combination therapy in Belgium
Delwaide, Jean ULg

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2002), 65(4), 233-236

With present treatments for chronic hepatitis C by the combination of interferon alpha and ribavirin, it is possible to obtain a sustained viral response in a large number of patients. This viral response ... [more ▼]

With present treatments for chronic hepatitis C by the combination of interferon alpha and ribavirin, it is possible to obtain a sustained viral response in a large number of patients. This viral response is associated with long-term disappearance of the C virus, improvement of histology, improvement in quality of life and, most than likely, a reduction in the risk of premature death or infection-linked complications. This therapy is, however, expensive and the number of potentially treatable patients is high in view of the relatively high prevalence of the disease in the population. An economic evaluation is thus indispensable in order, on the one hand, to assess the cost-effectiveness ratio of the treatment (i.e. the extra cost to be paid for obtaining the greater effectiveness provided by the therapeutic combination in comparison with absence of treatment or treatment by interferon alone), and, on the other hand, to estimate practically the global cost of treatment for Belgium (i.e. the annual expense for society according to the number of patients treated per year). [less ▲]

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See detailEstimating effects of permanent environment, lactation stage, age, and pregnancy on test-day yield.
Bormann, J.; Wiggans, G. R.; Philpot, J. C. et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2002), 85(1), 2631-26321

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See detailIntranuclear Cascade Model for a Comprehensive Description of Spallation Reaction Data
Cugnon, Joseph ULg; Boudard, Alain; Leray, Sylvie et al

in Physical Review. C : Nuclear Physics (2002), 66

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See detailSplit face study on the cutaneous tensile effect of 2-dimethylaminoethanol (deanol) gel.
Uhoda, Isabelle; Faska, Najat; Robert, Caroline et al

in Skin Research & Technology (2002), 8(3), 164-7

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Beyond subjective assessments, the effect of skin tensors is difficult to assess. The present 2-phase randomized double-blind split face study was designed to compare the effect of a gel ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Beyond subjective assessments, the effect of skin tensors is difficult to assess. The present 2-phase randomized double-blind split face study was designed to compare the effect of a gel containing 3% 2-dimethylaminoethanol (deanol, DMAE) with the same formulation without DMAE. METHODS: In a first pilot study, sensorial assessments and measures of the skin distension under suction were performed in eight volunteers. In a second study conducted in 30 volunteers, shear wave propagation was measured. RESULTS: Large interindividual variations precluded any significant finding in the first study. The DMAE formulation showed, however, a significant effect characterized by increased shear wave velocity in the direction where the mechanical anisotropy of skin showed looseness. CONCLUSION: The DMAE formulation under investigation increased skin firmness. [less ▲]

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See detailAdenylate kinase 1 knockout mice have normal thiamine triphosphate levels
Makarchikov, Alexander F; Wins, Pierre; Janssen, E. et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Molecular Cell Research (2002), 1592(2), 117-121

Thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) is found at low concentrations in most animal tissues and it may act as a phosphate donor for the phosphorylation of proteins, suggesting a potential role in cell signaling ... [more ▼]

Thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) is found at low concentrations in most animal tissues and it may act as a phosphate donor for the phosphorylation of proteins, suggesting a potential role in cell signaling. Two mechanisms have been proposed for the enzymatic synthesis of ThTP. A thiamine diphosphate (ThDP) kinase (ThDP + ATP double left right arrow ThTP + ADP) has been purified from brewer's yeast and shown to exist in rat liver. However, other data suggest that, at least in skeletal muscle, adenylate kinase I (AK1) is responsible for ThTP synthesis. In this study, we show that AK1 knockout mice have normal ThTP levels in skeletal muscle, heart, brain, liver and kidney, demonstrating that AK1 is not responsible for ThTP synthesis in those tissues. We predict that the high ThTP content of particular tissues like the Electrophorus electricus electric organ, or pig and chicken skeletal muscle is more tightly correlated with high ThDP kinase activity or low soluble ThTPase activity than with non-stringent substrate specificity and high activity of adenylate kinase. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Sieve Trays on the Mass Transfer of Single Drops
Henschke, Martin; Pfennig, Andreas ULg

in AIChE Journal (2002), 48(2), 227-234

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See detailLa mesure de la pression artérielle : écueils et chausse-trapes
Rorive, Georges ULg; Dubois, Bernard ULg; Saint-Remy, Annie ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(5), 250-252

La mesure de la pression artérielle est probablement l'acte médical le plus souvent réalisé et certainement un des moins fiables. L'introduction de la mesure ambulatoire de la pression artérielle a permis ... [more ▼]

La mesure de la pression artérielle est probablement l'acte médical le plus souvent réalisé et certainement un des moins fiables. L'introduction de la mesure ambulatoire de la pression artérielle a permis d'identifier l'importance de l'effet consultatio et, par là, de définir l'hypertension de "la blouse blanche". Celle-ci se définit comme une pression artérielle pathologique à la consultation et strictement normale en dehors. Si on la définit de cette manière, cette pathologie ne s'accompagne pas d'une augmentation de la fréqunce des affections cardiovasculaires. Chez un tiers des patients, cependant, elle évolue vers des formes plus sévères de l'hypertension. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of the collision-induced dissociation of duplex DNA at different collision regimes: Evidence for a multistep dissociation mechanism
Gabelica, Valérie ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg

in Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry (2002), 13(1), 91-98

The dissociation mechanism of duplex DNA has been investigated in detail by collision-induced dissociation experiments at different collision regimes. MS/MS experiments were performed either in a ... [more ▼]

The dissociation mechanism of duplex DNA has been investigated in detail by collision-induced dissociation experiments at different collision regimes. MS/MS experiments were performed either in a quadrupole collision cell (hybrid quadrupole-TOF instrument) or in a quadrupole ion trap with different activation times and energies. In addition to the noncovalent dissociation of the duplex into the single strands, other covalent bond fragmentation channels were observed. Neutral base loss from the duplex is favored by slow activation. In fast activation conditions, however, the major reaction channel is the noncovalent dissociation into single strands, which is highly entropy-favored. Fast activation regimes can favor the entropy-driven noncovalent dissociation, while in slow heating conditions the competition with enthalpy-driven covalent fragmentation can completely hinder the dissociation of the complex. We also evidence that the noncovalent dissociation of DNA duplex is a multistep process involving a progressive unzipping, preferentially at terminal positions. This is proposed to be a general feature for complexes containing a high number of contributing interactions organized at the interface of the ligands. The overall (observed) dissociation kinetics of noncovalent complexes can therefore depend on a complicated mechanism for which a single transition state description of the kinetics is too simplistic. [less ▲]

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See detailNew 3-deoxyanthocyanidins from leaves of Arrabidaea chica
Devia, B.; Llabres, Gabriel ULg; Wouters, J. et al

in Phytochemical Analysis (2002), 13(2, Mar-Apr), 114-120

Two new 3-deoxyanthocyanidins, 6,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxy-5-methoxyflavylium and 6,7,4'-trihydroxy-5-methoxyflavylium, and the pigment carajurin, which has been previously identified, were isolated from dried ... [more ▼]

Two new 3-deoxyanthocyanidins, 6,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxy-5-methoxyflavylium and 6,7,4'-trihydroxy-5-methoxyflavylium, and the pigment carajurin, which has been previously identified, were isolated from dried leaves of Arrabidaea chica, a creeper native to the American tropics. The structures of the components were elucidated by H-1- and C-13-NMR spectroscopy and HPLC-MS, including X-ray crystallographic analysis for carajurin. Copyright (C) 2002 John Wiley Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailApproche diagnostique de la dissection carotidienne. A propos de deux cas.
Deflandre, E.; Tshibanda, L.; NCHIMI LONGANG, Alain ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(2), 85-90

Two cases of acute internal carotid dissection are presented. Typical symptoms, pathogeny and imaging features are reviewed. Magnetic Resonance is actually the best technique for the diagnosis of internal ... [more ▼]

Two cases of acute internal carotid dissection are presented. Typical symptoms, pathogeny and imaging features are reviewed. Magnetic Resonance is actually the best technique for the diagnosis of internal carotid artery dissection, which should be searched in young patients presenting neurologic and cervico-facial symptoms. [less ▲]

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See detailOrigine du Solutréen: le rôle de l'Espagne
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Zephyrus (2002), LV

The Solutrean "culture" of France should be separated in two clearly distinct elements. (1) The "Proto-Solutrean" and the "early" Solutrean are linked to the late phases of the Gravettian of the northern ... [more ▼]

The Solutrean "culture" of France should be separated in two clearly distinct elements. (1) The "Proto-Solutrean" and the "early" Solutrean are linked to the late phases of the Gravettian of the northern plains. (2) The "middle and late" Solutrean seem to have originated in Spain. A movement from North Africa, in the most arid phase, constitutes the most likely hypothesis to explain this expansion. [less ▲]

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See detailStreamlining cosmetology by standardized testing?
Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology (2002), 1(2), 97-898

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See detailMise au point d'un modèle cartographique pour la description des stations forestières en Ardenne belge.
Claessens, Hugues ULg; Lejeune, Philippe ULg; Cuvelier, M. et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2002), 6(4), 209-220

The paper presents an original method dealing with the forest site types delineation. The suggested method consists in integrating a typological key in a GIS aiming at producing a thematic map that ... [more ▼]

The paper presents an original method dealing with the forest site types delineation. The suggested method consists in integrating a typological key in a GIS aiming at producing a thematic map that describes forest site types. Data used are the soil map of Belgium (digitized at the scale 1:20,000) and a digital elevation model built from a topographic map (scale 1:10,000). The typological key is mainly based on the methodology used by Thill et al. (1988) in the site types system for central Ardenne, the potential vegetation map of Sougnez and Dethioux (1975) and the ecoregion map of Delvaux and Galoux (1962). In that respect, site types are closely linked to the soil map and the phytosociological classification. So, they can be connected to the afforestation guide and different phytosociological and autecological studies concerning forest species. It is then possible to map the potential habitats or the site potentialities related to tree species. The key is valid for the Ardenne ecoregion located in Southern Belgium (elevation higher than 300 m). It has to be validated through an intensive use in the field, taking into account its imprecision linked to the types of collected data, chieffly those being digitized. The integration of such a tool in a SIG can be considered as an original way in terms of integrated forest management or forest sites description in the context of the project “Natura 2000” launched by the European Union. The study has been carried out within the framework of an experimental integrated management project concerning the Saint-Hubert forest (17,000 ha). [less ▲]

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See detailLa mémoire des morts à Stavelot-Malmedy. Des origines au XIIe siècle
George, Philippe ULg

in Malmedy Folklore (2002)

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See detailHartree-Fock instabilities: Relation between an artifact and some properties.
Dehareng, Dominique ULg; Dive, Georges ULg; Geron, Christine

in Recent Research Development in Chemical Physics (2002), 3

The Hartree-Fock instability problem is reviewed and some of the instabilities are put in relation with particular properties of the system.

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See detailSclérodermie monomélique et alcipotriol topique.
Paquet, Philippe ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Dermatologie Actualité (2002), 70

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See detailLésions dentaires cervicales non carieuses - Première partie
Gueders, Audrey ULg

in Actualités Dentaires de l'Université de Liège (2002), 31

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See detailDynamic T cell receptor clonotype changes in synovial tissue of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: effects of treatment with cyclosporin A (Neoral)
VanderBorght, Ann; De Keyser, Filip; Geusens, Piet et al

in Journal of Rheumatology (2002), 29(3), 416-426

OBJECTIVE: To study T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire changes in synovial membrane over a 16 week period in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA); and to study the influence of cyclosporin A (CSA ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To study T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire changes in synovial membrane over a 16 week period in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA); and to study the influence of cyclosporin A (CSA) on TCR repertoire in a subgroup of these patients. METHODS: Synovial tissue biopsies and paired blood samples were obtained from 12 patients with early RA at 2 time points. Seven patients were treated with CSA (Neoral-Sandimmun, 3 mg/kg/day) and 5 patients with placebo for 16 weeks. TCR V gene repertoires were analyzed by semiquantitative PCR-ELISA. CDR3 spectratyping and sequence analysis was used to compare TCR clonotype distributions. RESULTS: TCR-specific mRNA was detected in all synovial tissue biopsies at the first sampling, but in only 8/12 biopsies 16 weeks later (4/7 CSA group, 4/5 placebo group). Overrepresented TCR BV genes were found in biopsies of 10/12 patients at the first time point, and in 7/12 patients after 16 weeks (3/7 CSA, 4/5 placebo). CDR3 sequence analysis revealed dynamic repertoire changes with only a few persisting clonotypes in the synovial tissue of placebo controls. Persisting T cell clonotypes were more frequently found in the synovial tissue of CSA treated patients compared to the placebo group. CONCLUSION: These data suggest a dynamic process of T cell recruitment in the joints of RA patients. This process, possibly due to activation and subsequent infiltration of new T cell clones, apparently is influenced by CSA treatment. Synovial tissue T cells were no longer detected after 16 weeks' CSA treatment in 3 patients. In the other CSA treated patients, new T cell clones infiltrated, while other clones were persistently represented in the joints. These data may have important consequences for the design of T cell targeted therapies for RA. [less ▲]

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See detailBody size increase in insular rodent populations: a role for predators?
Michaux, Johan ULg; De Bellocq, J. G.; Sara, M. et al

in Global Ecology & Biogeography Letters (2002), 11(5), 427-436

Insular mammalian populations living in areas of small size are often characterized by a drastic change in body mass compared to related continental populations or species. Generally, small mammals (less ... [more ▼]

Insular mammalian populations living in areas of small size are often characterized by a drastic change in body mass compared to related continental populations or species. Generally, small mammals (less than 100 g) evolve into giant forms while large mammals (up to 100 g) evolve into dwarf forms. These changes, coupled with changes in other life, behavioural, physiological or demographic traits are referred to generally as the insular syndrome. We tested in this study the relative contribution of three factors - area of island, numbers of competitor species and number of predator species - to changes in body size of the woodmouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) in the Western Mediterranean Sea. Our results, based on a comparative analysis using the phylogenetic independent contrasts method, indicate that the increase in body size is related both to the decrease of island size and to the lower number of predator species. A decrease of competitor species does not seem to have an important effect. [less ▲]

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See detailRetrospective comparison of CD34-selected allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation followed by CD8-depleted donor lymphocyte infusions with unmanipulated bone marrow transplantation.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Baudoux, Etienne ULg; Fillet, Georges ULg et al

in Hematology (2002), 7(3), 137-43

We have previously reported the feasibility of allogeneic CD34-selected PBSC transplantation followed by pre-emptive CD8-depleted DLI (study group). In this report, we retrospectively compare the clinical ... [more ▼]

We have previously reported the feasibility of allogeneic CD34-selected PBSC transplantation followed by pre-emptive CD8-depleted DLI (study group). In this report, we retrospectively compare the clinical outcome of the 24 patients included in this study with an historical group of 35 patients receiving unmanipulated marrow (BMT group). Patients in the study group had significantly faster neutrophil and platelet recovery and were discharged earlier than BMT patients. The actuarial 150-day (after DLI) probability of developing grade II-IV acute GVHD was 28% for the study group versus 62% for the BMT group (p=0.002). The actuarial 2-year probability of developing chronic GVHD was similar (37 versus 36% (NS)) but chronic GVHD was significantly delayed in the study group (p=0.003). The actuarial 2-year probability of relapse was 30% in the study group versus 33% in the BMT group (NS). The actuarial 2-year probability of survival was 45% in the study group versus 43% in the BMT group (NS). We conclude that allogeneic transplantation of CD34-selected PBSC followed by pre-emptive CD8-depleted DLI is feasible with rapid engraftment and minimizes the risk of severe GVHD. Large prospective trials are required to confirm these results. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude par spectroscopie de génération de la fréquence somme de l'interface méthanol-platine
Vidal, F.; Busson, B.; Six, C. et al

in J. Phys. IV France (2002), 12

La spectroscopie vibrationnelle non-linéaire par génération de la fréquence somme est une sonde particulièrement adaptée à l'étude des interfaces entre milieux denses. Cette technique a été appliquée à l ... [more ▼]

La spectroscopie vibrationnelle non-linéaire par génération de la fréquence somme est une sonde particulièrement adaptée à l'étude des interfaces entre milieux denses. Cette technique a été appliquée à l'étude de l'interface électrochimique monocristal de platine/solution acide de méthanol, système qui constitue un modèle de pile à combustible, dispositif où l'énergie chimique est directement convertie en énergie électrique. Les propriétés vibrationnelles dépendent fortement de l'orientation cristallographique de l'électrode de platine. [less ▲]

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See detailL'implication dans la recherche clinique : un chemin vers la psychanalyse
Naziri, Despina ULg

in Revue Belge de Psychanalyse (2002), 40

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See detailApercu nosologique du spectre des histiocytoses cutanees. Plus ca change, plus c'est la meme chose.
Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Hermanns-Lê, Trinh ULg; Arrese Estrada, Jorge ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(11), 715-8

Histiocytes belong to distinct groups of cells. Similarly, histiocytoses represent some pathologic expressions of the various histiocyte lineages recognized by their distinct phenotypes. The recognition ... [more ▼]

Histiocytes belong to distinct groups of cells. Similarly, histiocytoses represent some pathologic expressions of the various histiocyte lineages recognized by their distinct phenotypes. The recognition of four major histiocytosis types relies on the distinction between monocytes-macrophages, dermal dendrocytes, Langerhans cells and the so-called indeterminate cells. Each of these groups exhibits a distinctive clinical and histological presentation. The risk of internal involvement, the prognosis and therapy are different as well. The diagnostic mainly relies on the clinico-pathologic assessment, and more particularly on the combination of histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural examinations. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of Anesthesia Simulator
Pendeville, Philippe; Mayne, Alain; LARBUISSON, Robert ULg et al

in Benelux quaterly journal on automatic control (2002), 43(2), 17-19

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See detailErrorless learning: A method to help amnesic patients learn new information
Bier, Nathalie; Vanier, Marie; Meulemans, Thierry ULg

in Journal of Cognitive Rehabilitation (2002), 20

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See detailPre-emptive immunotherapy with CD8-depleted donor lymphocytes after CD34-selected allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Siquet, Jean; Schaaf-Lafontaine, Nicole ULg et al

in Haematologica (2002), 87(1), 78-88

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To maximize graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effects while minimizing the risk of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), we undertook a study of allogeneic CD34-selected peripheral blood ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To maximize graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effects while minimizing the risk of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), we undertook a study of allogeneic CD34-selected peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation followed by CD8-depleted donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI). DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with advanced hematologic malignancies were included. PBSC were collected in matched (N=16) or one-mismatch (N=8) related donors and CD34-selected. On day 60, donors donated lymphocytes that were CD8-depleted and separated into 3 aliquots containing 2 x 10(6), 1 x 10(7) and 5 x 10(7) CD3+ cells/kg (patients 1-13) or into 2 aliquots containing 1 x 10(7) and 5 x 10(7) CD3+ cells/kg (patients 14-24). The 1st aliquot was infused on day 60 and the other 1 (2) cryopreserved and infused on days 100 (and 140). RESULTS: An average of 100%, 100% and 84% of the scheduled dose could be administered in DLI 1, 2 and 3, respectively. Although the study group was at very high risk of GVHD, the actuarial incidence of grade II-IV acute GVHD was 28% (13% for HLA-identical siblings) with only 1 patient developing grade III-IV GVHD (after DLI). The actuarial 2-year probability of extensive chronic GVHD was similarly low (13% for all patients and 0% for HLA-identical siblings). Individual cases as well as a 30% relapse rate (0% for standard-risk patients versus 55% for high-risk patients) indicated preservation of the GVL effect. INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that allogeneic transplantation of CD34-selected PBSC followed by pre-emptive CD8-depleted DLI is feasible with rapid engraftment and minimizes the risk of severe GVHD. Large prospective trials are required to prove that it preserves the GVL effect fully. [less ▲]

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See detailEst-il déraisonnable de ne pas accorder une pension de survie au compagnon du travailleur décédé ?
Michiels, Olivier ULg; Joskin, Véronique

in Revue Trimestrielle de Droit Familial (2002), (1), 161-166

L'article envisage la question de savoir si le compagnon qui formait un ménage avec un travailleur décédé est en droit de pouvoir revendiquer une pension de survie.

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See detailLes-Bons-Villers, l'église Saint-Martin à Mellet
Hoffsummer, Patrick ULg

in Bulletin de la Fondation Vanhove-Vonneche (2002), 4

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See detailBright Spots and the Question of Hafting
Rots, Veerle ULg

in Anthropologica et Praehistorica : Bulletin de la Société Royale Belge d'Anthropologie et de Préhistoire (2002), 113

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See detailA pulsating auroral X-ray hot spot on Jupiter
Gladstone, G. R.; Waite, J. H.; Grodent, Denis ULg et al

in Nature (2002), 415(6875), 1000-1003

Jupiter's X-ray aurora has been thought to be excited by energetic sulphur and oxygen ions precipitating from the inner magnetosphere into the planet's polar regions(1-3). Here we report high-spatial ... [more ▼]

Jupiter's X-ray aurora has been thought to be excited by energetic sulphur and oxygen ions precipitating from the inner magnetosphere into the planet's polar regions(1-3). Here we report high-spatial-resolution observations that demonstrate that most of Jupiter's northern auroral X-rays come from a 'hot spot' located significantly poleward of the latitudes connected to the inner magnetosphere. The hot spot seems to be fixed in magnetic latitude and longitude and occurs in a region where anomalous infrared(4-7) and ultraviolet(8) emissions have also been observed. We infer from the data that the particles that excite the aurora originate in the outer magnetosphere. The hot spot X-rays pulsate with an approximately 45-min period, a period similar to that reported for high-latitude radio and energetic electron bursts observed by near-Jupiter spacecraft(9,10). These results invalidate the idea that jovian auroral X-ray emissions are mainly excited by steady precipitation of energetic heavy ions from the inner magnetosphere. Instead, the X-rays seem to result from currently unexplained processes in the outer magnetosphere that produce highly localized and highly variable emissions over an extremely wide range of wavelengths. [less ▲]

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