References of "Article"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExtensive Genome-Wide Linkage Disequilibrium in Cattle
Farnir, Frédéric ULg; Coppieters, Wouter ULg; Arranz, J. J. et al

in Genome Research (2000), 10(2), 220-7

A genome-wide linkage disequilibrium (LD) map was generated using microsatellite genotypes (284 autosomal microsatellite loci) of 581 gametes sampled from the dutch black-and-white dairy cattle population ... [more ▼]

A genome-wide linkage disequilibrium (LD) map was generated using microsatellite genotypes (284 autosomal microsatellite loci) of 581 gametes sampled from the dutch black-and-white dairy cattle population. LD was measured between all marker pairs, both syntenic and nonsyntenic. Analysis of syntenic pairs revealed surprisingly high levels of LD that, although more pronounced for closely linked marker pairs, extended over several tens of centimorgan. In addition, significant gametic associations were also shown to be very common between nonsyntenic loci. Simulations using the known genealogies of the studied sample indicate that random drift alone is likely to account for most of the observed disequilibrium. No clear evidence was obtained for a direct effect of selection ("Bulmer effect"). The observation of long range disequilibrium between syntenic loci using low-density marker maps indicates that LD mapping has the potential to be very effective in livestock populations. The frequent occurrence of gametic associations between nonsyntenic loci, however, encourages the combined use of linkage and linkage disequilibrium methods to avoid false positive results when mapping genes in livestock. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 120 (16 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailResocialiser l'économie?
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Revue Internationale de l'Economie Sociale : Recma, Revue des Etudes Coopératives, Mutualistes et Associatives (2000), 275-276

Detailed reference viewed: 141 (7 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIn-Line Concentration and Enantioseparation of Clenbuterol by Transient Isotachophoresis-Capillary Zone Electrophoresis-Uv Detection
Toussaint, B.; Gysler, J.; Hubert, Philippe ULg et al

in Biomedical Chromatography : BMC (2000), 14(1), 32-3

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPart 8: Steady-state creep and creep recovery for service and accident conditions
Schneider, Ulrich; Schwesinger, P.; Debicki, Gérard et al

in Materials and Structures (2000), 33

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailStenosis of a Mechanical Mitral Prosthetic Valve in a Patient with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Hoffer, E.; Itoua, M.; Radermecker, Maurice ULg et al

in Acta Cardiologica (2000), 55(1), 49-51

A young woman with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) developed progressive heart failure several years after mitral valve replacement with a Bjork-Shiley prosthesis for treating mitral stenosis due to ... [more ▼]

A young woman with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) developed progressive heart failure several years after mitral valve replacement with a Bjork-Shiley prosthesis for treating mitral stenosis due to Libman-Sacks endocarditis. She was admitted to the hospital with pulmonary oedema. Transoesophageal echocardiography revealed stenosis of the mitral prosthesis, which was covered by fibrous tissue. Replacement of the prosthesis was done but the patient died from cerebral haemorrhage three days later. Although three cases of prosthetic valve dysfunction in SLE have been documented so far, this is to our knowledge the first report of a SLE recurrence on a tilting disc mechanical valve. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCriteria for cure of acromegaly : a consensus statement
Giustina, A.; Barkan, A.; Casanueva, F. et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2000), 85(2), 526-529

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAre Milk Polyamines Preventive Agents against Food Allergy?
Dandrifosse, Guy ULg; Peulen, Olivier ULg; El Khefif, N. et al

in Proceedings of the Nutrition Society (2000), 59(1), 81-6

Insufficient polyamine intake could play a role in the induction of sensitization to dietary allergens. This proposal is based essentially on investigations made in sucking rats and in children. In ... [more ▼]

Insufficient polyamine intake could play a role in the induction of sensitization to dietary allergens. This proposal is based essentially on investigations made in sucking rats and in children. In sucking rats it has been established that oral administration of spermine can induce all the modifications occurring in the digestive tract at weaning. In the intestine events occur in two phases. The early event consists of desquamation of the epithelium resulting from an activation of apoptosis. The late event appears to involve an hormonal cascade in which adrenocorticotropic hormone, cytokines, bombesin and corticosterone are included. Observations in human subjects show that: (1) the spermine and spermidine concentrations are generally lower in infant formulas than in human breast milk. Mothers seem consistently to have relatively high or relatively low concentrations of spermine and spermidine in their milk. These individual variations may be due to diet, lifestyle or genetic background; (2) the probability of developing allergy can reach 80 % if the mean spermine concentration in the milk is lower than 2 nmol/ml milk. It is approximately 0 % if the mean spermine concentration is higher than 13 nmol/ml milk; (3) preliminary results show that the intestinal permeability to macromolecules differs in premature babies when they are fed on breast milk compared with infant formulas (J Senterre, J Rigo, G Forget, G Dandrifosse and N Romain, unpublished results). This difference does not seem to be present when powdered milk is supplemented with polyamines at the concentration found in breast milk; (4) spermine increases proliferation and differentiation of lymphocytes isolated from the tonsils of children. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVoltage Instability: Phenomena, Countermeasures, and Analysis Methods
Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

in Proceedings of the IEEE (2000), 88(2), 208-227

A power system may be subject to (rotor) angle, frequency or voltage instability. Voltage instability takes on the form of a dramatic drop of transmission system voltages, which may lead to system ... [more ▼]

A power system may be subject to (rotor) angle, frequency or voltage instability. Voltage instability takes on the form of a dramatic drop of transmission system voltages, which may lead to system disruption. During the past two dàcades it has become a major threat for the operation of many systems and, in the prevailing open access erwironment, it is a factor leading to limit power transfers. The objective of this paper is to describe voltage instability phenomena, to enumerate preventive and curative countermeasures, and to present in a unified and coherent way various computer analysis methods used or proposed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 233 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTomographie a emission de positons au 18FDG et adenocarcinome pancreatique
Daenen, Frédéric ULg; Hustinx, Roland ULg; Belhocine, Tarik et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2000), 55(2), 89-94

FDG-PET imaging non invasively studies the glucose metabolism which is usually increased in malignant lesions. We evaluated the clinical performance of PET for detecting pancreatic cancer and its ... [more ▼]

FDG-PET imaging non invasively studies the glucose metabolism which is usually increased in malignant lesions. We evaluated the clinical performance of PET for detecting pancreatic cancer and its recurrence. In our series of 24 studies, PET appears to complement other imaging modalities. As compared to CT, in particular, it demonstrated fewer false positive results in the pancreas and it was also more sensitive. Moreover, whole-body FDG-PET allows for the entire staging of the disease. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFinite Elements for the Lubricated Contact Between Solids in Metal Forming Processes
Boman, Romain ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters) (2000), 13(1), 319-327

In this paper, the lubrication problem in numerical simulation of forming processes is considered. After enumerating the difficulties encountered when trying to solve such a problem with the finite ... [more ▼]

In this paper, the lubrication problem in numerical simulation of forming processes is considered. After enumerating the difficulties encountered when trying to solve such a problem with the finite element method, a generalization of the formulation of Liu for the thin film hydrodynamic lubrication regime is presented. This method is then applied to a strip rolling simulation, using the Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) formalism. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (16 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes insulinomes dans les néoplasies endocriniennes multiples de type 1 (NEM1) : A propos d'une série de 44 cas du Groupe d'Etude des Néoplasies Endocriniennes Multiples (GENEM)
Cougard, P.; Goudet, P.; Peix, J. L. et al

in Annales de Chirurgie (2000), 125(2), 118-123

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLe logement social
Frankignoulle, Pierre ULg; Malherbe, Alain

in Cahiers de l'Urbanisme (Les) (2000)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSynthesis, morphology, and mechanical properties of poly(methyl methacrylate)-b-poly(n-butyl acrylate)-b-poly (methyl methacrylate) triblocks. Ligated anionic polymerization vs atom transfer radical polymerization
Tong, Jiang-Dong; Moineau, Georges; Leclère, Philippe et al

in Macromolecules (2000), 33(2), 470-479

Poly(methyl methacrylate)-b-poly(n-butyl acrylate)-b-poly(methyl methacrylate) triblock copolymers have been prepared by ligated anionic polymerization (LAP; 8K-50K-8K) and atom transfer radical ... [more ▼]

Poly(methyl methacrylate)-b-poly(n-butyl acrylate)-b-poly(methyl methacrylate) triblock copolymers have been prepared by ligated anionic polymerization (LAP; 8K-50K-8K) and atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP; 9K-51K-9K). Size exclusion chromatography, nuclear magnetic resonance, and differential scanning calorimetry have confirmed that the molecular structure of the two triblock copolymers is essentially identical. However, important differences are found in dynamic mechanical properties, viscoelastic properties, and stress−strain behavior. Indeed, the ATRP copolymer has low storage modulus, high complex viscosity, high order−disorder transition temperature, and poor ultimate tensile strength and elongation at break, compared to those of the LAP analogue. Marked differences also observed by tapping mode atomic force microscopy in the microscopic morphology of thin films of these copolymers. All these observations can be explained by the slow initiation of MMA by the poly(n-butyl acrylate) macroinitiator used in ATRP in contrast to what happens when MMA is added to living poly(tert-butyl acrylate) anions. As a result, the polydispersity of the short poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) outer blocks is much broader in the ATRP copolymer, although the polydispersity index of the triblock is only 1.15. This heterogeneous structure of the ATRP triblock is also supported by the comparison of homo-PMMAs prepared by LAP and ATRP. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDispense de permis d'urbanisme en Région wallonne (IV)
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Immobilier (2000), 1

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRing-Opening Polymerization of γ-bromo-ε-caprolactone : A novel route to functionalized aliphatic polyesters
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Mazza, Michaël; Halleux, Olivier et al

in Macromolecules (2000), 33(1), 14-18

The synthesis, characterization, and polymerization of a new cyclic ester, gamma-bromo-epsilon-caprolactone (gamma-BrCL), are reported. The ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of this new monomer initiated ... [more ▼]

The synthesis, characterization, and polymerization of a new cyclic ester, gamma-bromo-epsilon-caprolactone (gamma-BrCL), are reported. The ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of this new monomer initiated from Al((OPr)-Pr-i)(3) as initiator in toluene at 0 degrees C was found to be living and proceeds by a coordination-insertion mechanism. Random and block copolymerizations of this gamma-BrCL with epsilon-caprolactone (epsilon-CL) were also found to be living as evidenced by the experimental molecular weight which is consistent with that expected from the monomer to initiator molar ratio, the narrow polydispersity, and the good agreement between the comonomers molar fraction in the comonomer feed and the copolymer. The thermal transitions (Tg and Tm) in the epsilon-CL/gamma-Br-CL random copolymers depend strongly on the gamma-BrCL content. Increasing the gamma BrCL content in the copolymer [F(BrCL)] increased the Tg of the copolymer from -61 degrees C for poly(epsilon-caprolactone) to -16.5 degrees C for the poly( gamma-BrCL) homopolymer but decreased the Tm of the PCL to contents of similar to 30 mol % of gamma BrCL [F(BrCL) =0.3]Beyond this value, the copolymers were found to be amorphous and exist as viscous liquids. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 90 (9 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCell Type-Specific Role for Reactive Oxygen Species in Nuclear Factor-Kappab Activation by Interleukin-1
Bonizzi, G.; Piette, Jacques ULg; Merville, Marie-Paule ULg et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (2000), 59(1), 7-11

The role of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROIs) in nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation remains a matter of controversy. We have studied whether ROIs played any role in NF-kappaB induction by ... [more ▼]

The role of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROIs) in nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation remains a matter of controversy. We have studied whether ROIs played any role in NF-kappaB induction by interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) in different cell types. Our studies indicated three different pathways. IL-1beta stimulation of lymphoid cells generates ROIs, which are required for IkappaB-alpha degradation and NF-kappaB activation. The source of these ROIs is the 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) enzyme. In monocytic cells, ROIs are also produced in response to IL-1beta and necessary for NF-kappaB induction, but their source appears to be the NADPH oxidase complex. Finally, epithelial cells do not generate ROIs after IL-1beta stimulation, but do rapidly activate NF-kappaB. Interestingly, transfection of epithelial cells with the 5-LOX and 5-LOX activating protein expression vectors restored ROI production and ROI-dependent NF-kappaB activation in response to IL-1beta. Our data thus indicate that ROIs are cell type-specific second messengers for NF-kappaB induction by IL-1beta. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFar ultraviolet imaging from the IMAGE spacecraft. 1. System design
Mende, S. B.; Heetderks, H.; Frey, H. U. et al

in Space Science Reviews (2000), 91

Direct imaging of the magnetosphere by the IMAGE spacecraft will be supplemented by observation of the global aurora, the footprint of magnetospheric regions. To assure the simultaneity of these ... [more ▼]

Direct imaging of the magnetosphere by the IMAGE spacecraft will be supplemented by observation of the global aurora, the footprint of magnetospheric regions. To assure the simultaneity of these observations and the measurement of the magnetospheric background neutral gas density, the IMAGE satellite instrument complement includes three Far Ultraviolet (FUV) instruments. In the wavelength region 120-190 nm, a downward-viewing auroral imager is only minimally contaminated by sunlight, scattered from clouds and ground, and radiance of the aurora observed in a nadir viewing geometry can be observed in the presence of the high-latitude dayglow. The Wideband Imaging Camera (WIC) will provide broad band ultraviolet images of the aurora for maximum spatial and temporal resolution by imaging the LBH N_2 bands of the aurora. The Spectrographic Imager (SI), a monochromatic imager, will image different types of aurora, filtered by wavelength. By measuring the Doppler-shifted Ly-alpha, the proton-induced component of the aurora will be imaged separately. Finally, the GEO instrument will observe the distribution of the geocoronal emission, which is a measure of the neutral background density source for charge exchange in the magnetosphere. The FUV instrument complement looks radially outward from the rotating IMAGE satellite and, therefore, it spends only a short time observing the aurora and the Earth during each spin. Detailed descriptions of the WIC, SI, GEO, and their individual performance validations are discussed in companion papers. This paper summarizes the system requirements and system design approach taken to satisfy the science requirements. One primary requirement is to maximize photon collection efficiency and use efficiently the short time available for exposures. The FUV auroral imagers WIC and SI both have wide fields of view and take data continuously as the auroral region proceeds through the field of view. To minimize data volume, multiple images are taken and electronically co-added by suitably shifting each image to compensate for the spacecraft rotation. In order to minimize resolution loss, the images have to be distortion-corrected in real time for both WIC and SI prior to co-adding. The distortion correction is accomplished using high speed look up tables that are pre-generated by least square fitting to polynomial functions by the on-orbit processor. The instruments were calibrated individually while on stationery platforms, mostly in vacuum chambers as described in the companion papers. Extensive ground-based testing was performed with visible and near UV simulators mounted on a rotating platform to estimate their on-orbit performance. The predicted instrument system performance is summarized and some of the preliminary data formats are shown. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSynthesis and polarized light-induced birefringence of new polymethacrylates containing carbazolyl and azobenzene pendant groups
Maertens, Christophe; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Journal of Polymer Science. Part B, Polymer Physics (2000), 38(1), 205-213

Low Tg copolymers of [11(N-carbazolyl)undecylmethacrylate] and [2,5-dimethylphenyl-[(4-nitrophenyl)azo]-phenoxyalkylmethacrylate] have been synthesized and the polarized light-induced birefringence of ... [more ▼]

Low Tg copolymers of [11(N-carbazolyl)undecylmethacrylate] and [2,5-dimethylphenyl-[(4-nitrophenyl)azo]-phenoxyalkylmethacrylate] have been synthesized and the polarized light-induced birefringence of thick films (70 m) has been investigated at a constant deducted temperature relative to Tg (T - Tg = 10 °C). The optical properties of these copolymers have been studied in relation to the azo-dye content and the length of the alkyl spacer between the azo-dye and the methacrylic backbone. They have been compared with the dispersion of (4-methoxy-2,5-dimethylphenyl)-(4-nitrophenyl)diazene (DMNPAA) within a poly[11(N-carbazolyl)undecyl-methacrylate] and a poly[N-vinylcarbazole] (PVK) matrix. The experimental curves have been fitted by biexponentials, so emphasizing the effects of the copolymer structure on the kinetics of the writing process. The photoinduced orientation is more than three orders of magnitude higher in a grafted material compared to the dispersion version. The azo-dye concentration also has an important role in both the amplitude and the dynamics of the photo-orientation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 161 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPOX 186: the ultracompact blue compact dwarf galaxy reveals its nature
Doublier, V.; Kunth, D.; Courbin, F. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2000), 353

High resolution, ground based R and I band observations of the ultra compact dwarf galaxy POX 186 are presented. The data, obtained with the ESO New Technology Telescope (NTT), are analyzed using a new ... [more ▼]

High resolution, ground based R and I band observations of the ultra compact dwarf galaxy POX 186 are presented. The data, obtained with the ESO New Technology Telescope (NTT), are analyzed using a new deconvolution algorithm which allows one to resolve the innermost regions of this stellar-like object into three Super-Star Clusters (SSC). Upper limits to both masses (M ~ 10[SUP]5[/SUP] M[SUB]sun[/SUB]) and physical sizes (<=60pc) of the SSCs are set. In addition, and maybe most importantly, extended light emission underlying the compact star-forming region is clearly detected in both bands. The R-I color rules out nebular Halpha contamination and is consistent with an old stellar population. This casts doubt on the hypothesis that Blue Compact Dwarf Galaxies (BCDG) are young galaxies. based on observations carried out at NTT in La Silla, operated by the European Southern Observatory, during Director's Discretionary Time. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFar ultraviolet imaging from the IMAGE spacecraft. 3. Spectral imaging of Lyman-alpha and OI 135.6 nm
Mende, S. B.; Heetderks, H.; Frey, H. U. et al

in Space Science Reviews (2000), 91

Two FUV Spectral imaging instruments, the Spectrographic Imager (SI) and the Geocorona Photometer (GEO) provide IMAGE with simultaneous global maps of the hydrogen (121.8 nm) and oxygen 135.6 nm ... [more ▼]

Two FUV Spectral imaging instruments, the Spectrographic Imager (SI) and the Geocorona Photometer (GEO) provide IMAGE with simultaneous global maps of the hydrogen (121.8 nm) and oxygen 135.6 nm components of the terrestrial aurora and with observations of the three dimensional distribution of neutral hydrogen in the magnetosphere (121.6 nm). The SI is a novel instrument type, in which spectral separation and imaging functions are independent of each other. In this instrument, two-dimensional images are produced on two detectors, and the images are spectrally filtered by a spectrograph part of the instrument. One of the two detectors images the Doppler-shifted Lyman-alpha while rejecting the geocoronal `cold' Ly-alpha, and another detector images the OI 135.6 nm emission. The spectrograph is an all-reflective Wadsworth configuration in which a grill arrangement is used to block most of the cold, un-Doppler-shifted geocoronal emission at 121.567 nm. The SI calibration established that the upper limit of transmission at cold geocoronal Ly-alpha is less than 2%. The measured light collecting efficiency was 0.01 and 0.008 cm^2 at 121.8 and at 135.6 nm, respectively. This is consistent with the size of the input aperture, the optical transmission, and the photocathode efficiency. The expected sensitivity is 1.8x10^-2 and 1.3x10^-2 counts per Rayleigh per pixel for each 5 s viewing exposure per satellite revolution (120 s). The measured spatial resolution is better than the 128x128 pixel matrix over the 15 degx15 deg field of view in both wavelength channels. The SI detectors are photon counting devices using the cross delay line principle. In each detector a triple stack microchannel plate (MCP) amplifies the photo-electronic charge which is then deposited on a specially configured anode array. The position of the photon event is measured by digitizing the time delay between the pulses detected at each end of the anode structures. This scheme is intrinsically faster than systems that use charge division and it has a further advantage that it saturates more gradually at high count rates. The geocoronal Ly-alpha is measured by a three-channel photometer system (GEO) which is a separate instrument. Each photometer has a built in MgF_2 lens to restrict the field of view to one degree and a ceramic electron multiplier with a KBr photocathode. One of the tubes is pointing radially outward perpendicular to the axis of satellite rotation. The optic of the other two subtend 60 deg with the rotation axis. These instruments take data continuously at 3 samples per second and rely on the combination of satellite rotation and orbital motion to scan the hydrogen cloud surrounding the earth. The detective efficiencies (effective quantum efficiency including windows) of the three tubes at Ly-alpha are between 6 and 10%. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 242 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSynthesis and characterization of non-covalent liquid crystalline diblock copolymers
Gohy, Jean-François; Antoun, Sayed; Sobry, Roger ULg et al

in Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics (2000), 201(1), 31-41

Poly(dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate)-b-poly(sodium methacrylate) diblocks, (polyDMAEMA-b-polyMA), were synthesized as precursors of liquid crystalline (LC) copolymers. These LC copolymers were prepared by ... [more ▼]

Poly(dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate)-b-poly(sodium methacrylate) diblocks, (polyDMAEMA-b-polyMA), were synthesized as precursors of liquid crystalline (LC) copolymers. These LC copolymers were prepared by pro-ton-transfer between a carboxylic acid-containing meso-gen (A) and the dimethylamino substituent of the poly-DMAEMA block and by electrostatic interactions between the polyMA subunits and an ammonium-contain-ing mesogen (B). When mesogen A is complexed with DMAEMA units, a dramatic enhancement of the meso-phase stability is noted. The mesogenic properties of these LC copolymers were compared to those ones of the parent LC homopolymers, in relation to the copolymer composi-tion. The supramolecular organization of the LC diblock copolymers was studied by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and smectic mesophases were observed in some LC (co)polymers. For samples containing a major LC block, a smectic mesophase coexists with microphases formed by the second amorphous block. Different organizations, including a body-centered lattice of spheres and a hexagonal array of cylinders, were observed, depending on the investigated copolymers and their composition. When the LC block is the minor component, it forms microdomains too small for a liquid crystalline order to emerge. Moreover, no supramolecular organization of these dispersed microdomains was detected by SAXS. A homogeneous smectic mesophase was observed when the two blocks are bearing liquid crystalline moieties. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCombined Interferon-Gamma and Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Treatment Differentially Affects Adhesion and Migration of Keratinocyte-Derived Cells to Laminin-1
van den Brule, Frédéric A; Clausse, Nathalie; Delvenne, Philippe ULg et al

in Cell Adhesion and Communication (2000), 7(4), 321-9

Interactions with the extracellular matrix constitute basic steps in cervix carcinoma cell invasion. In this study, we examined the adhesion and migration profiles of two human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA ... [more ▼]

Interactions with the extracellular matrix constitute basic steps in cervix carcinoma cell invasion. In this study, we examined the adhesion and migration profiles of two human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA-transfected keratinocyte-derived cell lines, EIL8 and 18-11S3, and of the cervix adenocarcinoma SiHa cell line, towards laminin-1, and the selective effect of a 24-72 h treatment of 1000 U/ml interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), a treatment that significantly decreases cervix carcinoma cell proliferation and progression in nude mice, on these parameters. Compared to normal cervix keratinocytes (CK) and two HPV DNA-transfected keratinocyte cell lines, in basal conditions, the SiHa cell line was characterized by increased attachment (SiHa, 48.74 +/- 4.02 vs. normal keratinocytes, 4.32 +/- 0.40, EIL8, 17.80 +/- 3.03 and 18-11S3, 17.82 +/- 1.48% of attached cells after 30 min) and marked directed chemotactic migration towards laminin-1. Interestingly, treatment of the cells with the cytokines (1000 U/ml IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha) did not modulate the adhesion properties of the cells, but chemotactic migration of SiHa cells to laminin-1 was significantly decreased, while migration towards type I collagen was increased. Similar results were obtained with the Ca Ski cervix carcinoma cell line. Our results emphasize the altered pattern of interactions of cervix carcinoma cells with extracellular matrix components such as laminin-1, compared to normal and pre-neoplastic cells, and contributes to the understanding of the effects of cytokine treatment on cervix carcinoma cells. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWorking memory, long-term memory and language processing : issues and future directions
Collette, Fabienne ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Poncelet, Martine ULg

in Brain & Language (2000), 71(1), 46-51

We examined different views of the relationships between working memory, long-term memory and language processing : working memory considered as a gateway between sensory input and long-term memory or ... [more ▼]

We examined different views of the relationships between working memory, long-term memory and language processing : working memory considered as a gateway between sensory input and long-term memory or rather as a workspace; working memory considered as not strictly tied to any particular cognitive system (and consequently viewed as separated from the language system) or rather as drawing on the operation and storage capacities of a subset of components involved in language processing. It is argued that functional imagery studies (along with neuropsychological researches) could contribute to decide between these conceptions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSpacer Compression for a tripple conductor bundle
Lilien, Jean-Louis ULg; Hansenne, Eric; Papailiou, Konstantin et al

in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery (2000), 15(N°1), 236-241

Spacer compression analysis based on tests and proposed simple method

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAlternative Nation
Dejasse, Erwin ULg

in 9e Art : Les Cahiers du Musée de la Bande Dessinée (2000), 5

Short panorama of the evolution of the so called alternative or independant comic in North America in the nineties.

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBenchmark cases for galloping with results obtained from wind tunnel facilities. Validation of a finite element model.
keutgen, Renaud; Lilien, Jean-Louis ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery (2000), 15(N°1), 367-374

Wind tunnel galloping are made available with all data (aerodynamics, amplitudes) to check any model.

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailHumoral Immune Response in Calves to Single-Dose, Trickle and Challenge Infections with Fasciola Hepatica
Bossaert, K.; Farnir, Frédéric ULg; Leclipteux, Thierry ULg et al

in Veterinary Parasitology (2000), 87(2-3), 103-23

In cattle experimentally infected with Fasciola hepatica, parasite specific IgG1 and IgG2 responses were studied. Additionally parasite specific IgE production was assessed by the Passive Cutaneous ... [more ▼]

In cattle experimentally infected with Fasciola hepatica, parasite specific IgG1 and IgG2 responses were studied. Additionally parasite specific IgE production was assessed by the Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis reaction. The primary infection was administered either as a single-dose or as a trickle infection over a 4-week period. Animals were challenged 4 months later. Titres of IgG1 and IgG2 against excretory-secretory parasite products (FhESAg), and against a whole-worm extract (FhSomAg) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in relation to weight gain, serum hepatic enzyme levels, and fluke infection rate. At necropsy, the mean number of flukes recovered was similar in both infected groups. The two ELISAs specific for bovine IgG1 showed analogous sensitivity and specificity (92% and 94%). Cross-reactivity was observed towards Echinococcus granulosus, Cysticercus tenuicollis, and C. ovis but not towards C. bovis, Cooperia spp., and Ostertagia spp. FhESAg gave rise to apparently more stable specific IgG1 titres as compared to FhSomAg. Mean IgG1 titres were significantly higher in the single-dose-infected group than in the trickle-infected group during the early migratory phase of the infection (week 2 to week 4 (FhSomAg) or week 6 (FhESAg)). IgG2 values were consistently lower than IgG1 levels. The kinetic response of both isotypes yielded a similar pattern. Specific IgE antibodies were detected in cattle of both infected groups from week 2 post-primary infection (PPI) onwards. The mean serum glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH) and gamma-glutamyl transferase (gammaGT) activities were significantly higher in the single-dose-infected group for 3 weeks around peak levels (12-14 weeks PPI and 14-16 weeks PPI for GLDH and gammaGT respectively). Western blotting revealed a major antigenic fraction in FhESAg (26-30 kDa) recognized specifically by sera from F. hepatica infected calves as early as 6-8 weeks PPI. Experimental challenge caused no statistically significant modification of any parameter (IgG1 and IgG2 titres, enzymatic activities, immunoblotting) used to monitor the course of the infection. No correlation was found between fluke size and number, and antibody titres, suggesting that IgG1 production has little protective effect against F. hepatica infection. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvaluation of Acute Normovolemic Hemodilution for Surgical Repair of Craniosynostosis
Hans, Pol ULg; Collin, Vincent; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg et al

in Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology (2000), 12(1), 33-6

This clinical report investigated the potential benefit of acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) as a blood-saving technique in the surgical repair of craniosynostosis. Over a 4-year period, 34 healthy ... [more ▼]

This clinical report investigated the potential benefit of acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) as a blood-saving technique in the surgical repair of craniosynostosis. Over a 4-year period, 34 healthy children undergoing surgical repair of scaphocephaly or pachycephaly were randomly assigned to two groups of 17 patients each. Patients of the first group (ANH group) were submitted to ANH (target Ht: 25%) immediately before surgery and patients of the second group (Control group) were not. During surgery, estimated blood loss was compensated with a 5% albumin solution and no autologous or homologous blood was transfused. At the end of surgery, intraoperative blood loss (mean +/- SD) calculated on the basis of the Ht value and the children weight was 21.3+/-8% of the estimated blood volume (EBV) in the ANH group and 24+/-6.6% in the Control group. Children of the ANH group received their autologous blood (18.9+/-3.3% of EBV) systematically at the end of surgery. In the postoperative period, homologous blood was transfused when the Ht value was equal or less than 21%. Both groups were comparable regarding age, weight, type of craniosynostosis, duration of surgery, EBV, and preoperative Ht value. No difference was observed between ANH and Control groups in the number of patients who received homologous blood (15/17 and 14/17, respectively), in the amount of homologous blood transfused (17+/-4.7% and 19.6+/-6.3% of the EBV, respectively), and in the Ht value before hospital discharge (29.4+/-5.0% and 30.7+/-4.9%, respectively). In conclusion, this report suggests that ANH reduces neither the incidence of homologous transfusion nor the amount of homologous blood transfused in this series of children undergoing surgical repair of craniosynostosis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailProphylactic Treatment of Migraine with Beta-Blockers and Riboflavin: Differential Effects on the Intensity Dependence of Auditory Evoked Cortical Potentials
Sandor, P. S.; Afra, J.; Ambrosini, A. et al

in Headache (2000), 40(1), 30-5

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of different pharmacological treatments on the intensity dependence of auditory evoked cortical potentials in migraineurs. BACKGROUND: Between attacks, patients ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of different pharmacological treatments on the intensity dependence of auditory evoked cortical potentials in migraineurs. BACKGROUND: Between attacks, patients with migraine show abnormalities in cortical information processing and decreased brain mitochondrial energy reserve. Both are most probably relevant for migraine pathogenesis, and they could be differentially modified by prophylactic drug therapy. Design.-The intensity dependence of the auditory evoked cortical potentials is, on average, increased in migraine. We have studied this intensity dependence in 26 patients before and after a 4-month period of prophylaxis with beta-blockers (n = 11, all migraine without aura; metoprolol or bisoprolol) or riboflavin (n = 15, migraine without aura: 13, migraine with aura: 2). Recordings were performed at least 3 days before or after an attack. RESULTS: After the treatment with beta-blockers, the intensity dependence of the auditory evoked cortical potentials was significantly decreased (before: 1.66+/-1.02 microV/10 dB; after: 0.79+/-1.06 microV/10 dB, P=.02). The decrease in intensity dependence was correlated significantly with clinical improvement (r = .69, P = .02). There was no change in intensity dependence after riboflavin treatment (before: 1.80+/-0.81 microV/10 dB; after: 1.56+/-0.83 microV/10 dB, P = .39), although the majority of patients showed improvement. CONCLUSIONS: These results confirm that beta-blockers and riboflavin act on two distinct pathophysiological mechanisms. Combining both treatments might enhance their efficacy without increasing central nervous system side effects. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailReactive compatibilization of SAN/EPR blends: Effect of kinetics of the compatibilization reaction on the interfacial adhesion
Pagnoulle, Christophe; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecular Symposia (2000), 149

The very poor adhesion between films of styrene and acrylonitrile random copolymer (SAN) and maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (PP-g-MA) can be dramatically improved by an intermediate thin layer of ... [more ▼]

The very poor adhesion between films of styrene and acrylonitrile random copolymer (SAN) and maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (PP-g-MA) can be dramatically improved by an intermediate thin layer of SAN bearing groups reactive toward maleic anhydride. The rate of the interfacial reaction, which is controlled by the reactive groups attached to SAN (amine vs. carbamate) and by the method used to build up the sandwich assembly, has a decisive effect on the capability of the SAN-g-PP graft copolymer formed at the interface to improve the fracture toughness in direct dependence on its molecular architecture. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailClinical Signs, Reproduction of Attaching/Effacing Lesions, and Enterocyte Invasion after Oral Inoculation of an O118 Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia Coli in Neonatal Calves
Stordeur, P.; China, B.; Charlier, G. et al

in Microbes & Infection (2000), 2(1), 17-24

Attaching and effacing (AE) lesions are produced among others by enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), which differs from the former by the production of cytotoxins ... [more ▼]

Attaching and effacing (AE) lesions are produced among others by enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), which differs from the former by the production of cytotoxins active on various cell cultures, the verocytotoxins, or shigacytotoxins. EHEC are associated with diarrhoea and dysentery in humans and in ruminants, mainly calves from two to eight weeks of age. Clinical signs and/or lesions have been reproduced experimentally with EHEC strains belonging to serotypes O5:K4/Nm, O26:K-:H11, O111:Nm, and O157:H7 which are isolated from cattle and/or humans. The purpose of this work was to develop an experimental model of infection in newborn calves with a bovine EHEC strain isolated from a calf which of died of diarrhoea, and belonging to the O118:H16 serotype, which is also common to both cattle and humans. The bovine O118:H16 EHEC strain was able to colonize the gut of three newborn calves, and to induce diarrhoea twenty-four hours after challenge and to produce AE lesions in the small and/or large intestines. AE lesions were detected microscopically and ultrastructurally in the small intestine of one calf and in the whole intestinal track of two calves. Internalization of bacteria and also of pedestal-bacteria complex inside of the enterocyte was observed in two of the three calves. The significance of this stage is unknown but may be related to the invasion of the calf by the bacteria. The challenge strain was isolated from the mesenteric lymph nodes of the same two calves but not from other organs or from heart blood. No blood was observed in the faeces of any of the three calves, nor were any lesions in the internal organs, which may have been related to the production of a verotoxin whose role is still unknown in cattle. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVerification of two versions of the challenge handshake authentication protocol (CHAP)
Leduc, Guy ULg

in Annales des Télécommunications = Annals of Telecommunications (2000), 55(1-2), 20-30

The challenge handshake authentication protocol, CHAP, is an authentication protocol intended for use primarily by hosts and routers that connect to a network server I in switched circuits or dial-up ... [more ▼]

The challenge handshake authentication protocol, CHAP, is an authentication protocol intended for use primarily by hosts and routers that connect to a network server I in switched circuits or dial-up lines. but might be applied to dedicated links as well. In this paper; we specify two versions of the protocol, using the formal language Lotos, and apply the Eucalyptus model-based verification tools to prove that the first version has a flaw: whereas the second one is robust to passive and active attacks. The paper is written bl a tutorial fashion with a strong emphasis oil the methodology used. The relative simplicity of the CHAP protocol allows one to include complete Lotos specifications and definitions of properties, so that the experiment can be reproduced easily. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailConcepts délimitant le codage et la structuration de l ’ information clinique en médecine de famille
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Roland, Michel

in Santé Conjuguée (2000), 11

Cet article tente de cerner de manière compacte les éléments qui entrent en ligne de compte lorsqu’on aborde le traitement de l’information en soins de santé primaires au niveau des médecins de famille ... [more ▼]

Cet article tente de cerner de manière compacte les éléments qui entrent en ligne de compte lorsqu’on aborde le traitement de l’information en soins de santé primaires au niveau des médecins de famille. La complexité du champ conceptuel et du champ opératoire de la médecine de famille, l’inclusion du temps comme élément caractéristique, la terminologie, le codage et le flux de l’information, les notions de problème de santé et d’épisode sont successivement abordés. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCalcium Release from Internal Stores Is Required for the Generation of Spontaneous Hyperpolarizations in Dopaminergic Neurons of Neonatal Rats
Seutin, Vincent ULg; Mkahli, F.; Massotte, Laurent ULg et al

in Journal of Neurophysiology (2000), 83(1), 192-7

We recently have demonstrated the existence of spontaneous hyperpolarizations in midbrain dopaminergic neurons of neonatal but not adult rats. These events are mediated by the opening of apamin-sensitive ... [more ▼]

We recently have demonstrated the existence of spontaneous hyperpolarizations in midbrain dopaminergic neurons of neonatal but not adult rats. These events are mediated by the opening of apamin-sensitive K(+) channels after a rise in the intracellular concentration of Ca(2+). They are resistant to tetrodotoxin in most cases and are probably endogenous (i.e., not synaptically activated). Here their mechanism was investigated. Cyclopiazonic acid (10 microM), a specific inhibitor of endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPases, reversibly abolished the events. Caffeine, which promotes Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores, had concentration-dependent effects. At 1 mM, it markedly and steadily increased the frequency and the amplitude of the hyperpolarizations. At 10 mM, it induced a transient increase in their frequency followed by their cessation. All these effects were quickly reversible. Ryanodine (10 microM), which decreases the conductance of Ca(2+) release channels, irreversibly blocked the spontaneous hyperpolarizations. Dantrolene (100 microM), a blocker of Ca(2+) release from sarcoplasmic reticulum of striated muscle, did not affect the events. On the other hand, Cd(2+) (100-300 microM), a broad antagonist of membrane voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels, significantly reduced the amplitude and the frequency of the hyperpolarizations. However, when the frequency of the events was increased by 1 mM caffeine, Cd(2+) affected them to a smaller extent, whereas cyclopiazonic acid still abolished them. We conclude that internal stores are the major source of Ca(2+) ions that induce the K(+) channel openings underlying the spontaneous hyperpolarizations of these neurons. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMalignant prolactinoma discovered by D2 receptor imaging.
Petrossians, Patrick ULg; de Herder, W.; Kwekkeboom, D. et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2000), 85(1), 398-401

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailParametric Study for the Creation of the Interface between Concrete and Repair Products
Courard, Luc ULg

in Materials and Structures (2000), 33

An analysis as large as possible presents factors acting when a repair system comes into contact with a concrete support. The appetency of the first one for the second is defined from the properties of ... [more ▼]

An analysis as large as possible presents factors acting when a repair system comes into contact with a concrete support. The appetency of the first one for the second is defined from the properties of the support and the new layer – essentially in its liquid phase – as well as from the environmental conditions. These properties are cited or explained for each material: roughness, porosity, superficial cohesion and interstitial water into concrete, nature and concentration of the binder, rigidity modulus, capillary succion for repair systems. The thermodynamic properties of the materials as well as transport mechanisms – diffusion, capillary succion – at the interface and roughness of the concrete support are particularly developed. A sequential flow sheet related to the parameters influencing the creation of the interface is proposed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMise au point d'une hyperparathyroidie primitive: apport de la scintigraphie
Brasseur, Edmond ULg; PHILIPS, Jean-Christophe ULg; BELHOCINE, Tarik et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2000), 55(1), 39-44

We report a case of hyperparathyroidism whose diagnosis was suspected by a clinical history and confirmed by routine laboratory tests. Scintigraphy has permitted to localize a focalized lesion ... [more ▼]

We report a case of hyperparathyroidism whose diagnosis was suspected by a clinical history and confirmed by routine laboratory tests. Scintigraphy has permitted to localize a focalized lesion corresponding to an adenoma endocrinopathy. The new developments of this imaging technique will be discussed further. Some aspects of physiopathology will be briefly considered and a therapeutic algorithm will be proposed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailTnp-470, a Potent Angiogenesis Inhibitor, Amplifies Human T Lymphocyte Activation through an Induction of Nuclear Factor-Kappab, Nuclear Factor-at, and Activation Protein-1 Transcription Factors
Locigno, Roberto; Antoine, Nadine ULg; Bours, Vincent ULg et al

in Laboratory Investigation : Journal of Technical Methods & Pathology (2000), 80(1), 13-21

TNP-470, an angiogenesis inhibitor derived from fumagillin, is foreseen as a promising anti-cancer drug. Its effectiveness to restrain tumor growth and its lack of major side effects have been ... [more ▼]

TNP-470, an angiogenesis inhibitor derived from fumagillin, is foreseen as a promising anti-cancer drug. Its effectiveness to restrain tumor growth and its lack of major side effects have been demonstrated in several animal models and have led the drug to reach phase III clinical trials. Beside its antiangiogenesis activities, TNP-470 exhibits several effects on the immune system. We had shown previously that TNP-470 stimulated B lymphocyte proliferation through an action on T cells. In this study, we examined the cellular and molecular modifications induced by TNP-470 in normal human T lymphocytes. Transmission electron microscopic examination of PHA/TNP-470-treated T cells revealed significant morphologic modifications when compared with PHA-treated control T cells. TNP-470 induced indeed an important and significant increase of the nuclear size as well as major nuclear chromatin decondensation. This observation indicated that TNP-470 amplified T-cell activation and led us to investigate its effects on the activation of transcription factors involved in T-cell activation. Using electrophoretic mobility shift assays, we have demonstrated that TNP-470 amplifies and extends the DNA-binding activity of nuclear factor-AT, nuclear factor-KB, and activation protein-1 in T cells. Furthermore, the angioinhibin significantly increased the secretion of IL-2 and IL-4. Our data demonstrate that TNP-470 amplifies the activation of T cells. This effect, whose molecular mechanisms remain to be elucidated, has to be taken into account in the assessment of the antitumor effect of the drug. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailComment j'explore ... la dissection de l'aorte thoracique
Hubin, L.; Hoffer, E.; Ghaye, Benoît ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2000), 55(1), 49-56

Thoracic aortic dissection constitutes an acute pathology that requires a rapid, accurate and reliable diagnosis. The authors describe and illustrate the advantages and limitations of imaging modalities ... [more ▼]

Thoracic aortic dissection constitutes an acute pathology that requires a rapid, accurate and reliable diagnosis. The authors describe and illustrate the advantages and limitations of imaging modalities used in this pathology. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCytosine Deaminase Suicide Gene Therapy for Peritoneal Carcinomatosis
Bentires-Alj, M.; Hellin, A. C.; Lechanteur, Chantal ULg et al

in Cancer Gene Therapy (2000), 7(1), 20-6

Gene therapy is a novel therapeutic approach that might soon improve the prognosis of some cancers. We investigated the feasibility of cytosine deaminase (CD) suicide gene therapy in a model of peritoneal ... [more ▼]

Gene therapy is a novel therapeutic approach that might soon improve the prognosis of some cancers. We investigated the feasibility of cytosine deaminase (CD) suicide gene therapy in a model of peritoneal carcinomatosis. DHD/K12 colorectal adenocarcinoma cells transfected in vitro with the CD gene were highly sensitive to 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC), and a bystander effect could also be observed. Treating CD+ cells with 5-FC resulted in apoptosis as detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling. In vitro, several human cell lines derived from ovarian or colorectal carcinomas, as well as the rat glioblastoma 9 L cell line, responded to CD/5-FC and showed a very strong bystander effect. 5-FC treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis generated in syngeneic BDIX rats by CD-expressing DHD/K12 cells led to a complete and prolonged response and to prolonged survival. Our study thus demonstrated the efficacy of CD suicide gene therapy for the treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTumour Necrosis Factor (Tnf) Gene Polymorphism in Crohn's Disease (Cd): Influence on Disease Behaviour?
Louis, Edouard ULg; Peeters, Marc; Franchimont, D. et al

in Clinical & Experimental Immunology (2000), 119(1), 64-8

Crohn's disease (CD) is a multifactorial disease with genetic heterogeneity. TNF-alpha plays a key role in the development of the mucosal lesions. The aim of our work was to study a single base pair ... [more ▼]

Crohn's disease (CD) is a multifactorial disease with genetic heterogeneity. TNF-alpha plays a key role in the development of the mucosal lesions. The aim of our work was to study a single base pair polymorphism located in the promoter region of TNF gene, in a large population of CD patients with well defined phenotypes. One hundred and ninety-three patients with CD and 98 ethnically matched controls were studied. The -308 single base pair polymorphism of TNF gene was studied using an allele-specific polymerase chain reaction. Genotype and allelic frequencies were compared between patients and controls and between subgroups of patients defined by sex, age at diagnosis, familial history, location of disease, type of disease, extra-intestinal manifestations, and response to steroid treatment. In 29 patients a measure of TNF-alpha production by colonic biopsies was performed. The frequency of the allele TNF2 as well as the proportion of carriers of the allele TNF2 were slightly but not significantly lower in CD than in controls (11.9% versus 14.8% and 21.5% versus 27.6%, respectively). A more prominent difference in frequencies of allele TNF2 and in proportions of TNF2 carriers was found when comparing subgroups of patients. The frequency of allele TNF2 was significantly higher in steroid-dependent than in non-steroid-dependent disease (28.1% versus 10.3%; Delta = 17.8%, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 6.3-29.5%, P = 0.0027) and tended to be higher in colonic than in small bowel disease and in fistulizing than in stricturing disease. Furthermore, TNF2 carriers tended to be more frequent in patients with steroid-dependent than non-steroid-dependent disease (43.8% versus 19.3%; Delta = 24.5%, 95% CI = 3.6-45.4%, P = 0.022), in patients with fistulizing than stricturing disease (26.5% versus 9.6%; Delta = 16.9%, 95% CI = 1. 1-32.6%, P = 0.036), and in patients with colonic than small bowel disease (26.5% versus 11.1%; Delta = 15.4%, 95% CI = -0.8-31.6%, P = 0.063). Finally, patients carrying at least one copy of allele 2 were found to produce slightly more TNF-alpha at the colonic level. The -308 TNF gene polymorphism may have a slight influence on the behaviour of CD. The carriage of allele 2 may favour steroid-dependent disease and to a lesser extent fistulizing and colonic disease, possibly secondary to a more intense TNF-alpha-driven inflammatory reaction at the mucosal level. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailExpression of receptors for insulin-like growth factor-I and transforming growth factor-beta in human follicles.
Qu, Jian Ping; GODIN, Pierre-Arnaud ULg; NISOLLE, Michelle ULg et al

in Molecular Human Reproduction (2000), 6(2), 137-45

The in-vitro growth of immature oocytes in early follicles from cryopreserved human ovarian tissues is a new concept in in-vitro fertilization programmes for the treatment of infertile and cancer patients ... [more ▼]

The in-vitro growth of immature oocytes in early follicles from cryopreserved human ovarian tissues is a new concept in in-vitro fertilization programmes for the treatment of infertile and cancer patients. To better understand the regulatory mechanism of follicular development, immunohistochemistry was used to study the expression of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) type I receptor (IGF-IR) and transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) type I (TβR-I) and type II (TβR-II) receptors in fresh and frozen ovarian tissues from 14 women. Immunoreactivities for IGF-IR and TβR-I were present simultaneously in the oocytes of primordial, pre-antral and antral follicles. Staining for both IGF-IR and TβR-I was also observed in granulosa cells of primordial, pre-antral and antral follicles. IGF-IR and TβR-I also stained in thecal cells of pre-antral and antral follicles. Stromal cells in surrounding ovarian tissue expressed IGF-IR and TβR-I at various follicular stages. Unlike TβR-I, TβR-II was expressed only in the oocytes of primordial and primary follicles, and with weak staining intensity in thecal cells. No significant staining for TβR-II was found in oocytes and granulosa cells of antral follicles. There was no difference in staining patterns for IGF-IR, TβR-I and TβR-II between fresh and frozen ovarian tissues, indicating that cryopreservation might not significantly alter the immunoreactivities of these receptors in frozen ovarian tissue. The results suggest that IGF-I and TGFβ may participate in the regulation of follicular growth by binding to their receptors through an autocrine or paracrine mechanism. IGF-I and TGFβ may be useful in regulating the in-vitro or in-vivo maturation of oocytes not only in later follicles but also very early follicles, from cryopreserved ovarian tissues for clinical use in the future. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvidence for decoupling of atmospheric CO2 and global climate during the Phanerozoic eon
Veizer, J.; Godderis, Y.; François, Louis ULg

in Nature (2000), 408(6813), 698-701

Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are believed to drive climate changes from glacial to interglacial modes', although geological(1-3) and astronomical(4-6) mechanisms have been invoked as ultimate ... [more ▼]

Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are believed to drive climate changes from glacial to interglacial modes', although geological(1-3) and astronomical(4-6) mechanisms have been invoked as ultimate causes. Additionally, it is unclear(7,8) whether the changes between cold and warm modes should be regarded as a global phenomenon, affecting tropical and high-latitude temperatures alike(9-13), or if they are better described as an expansion and contraction of the latitudinal climate zones, keeping equatorial temperatures approximately constant(14-16). Here we present a reconstruction of tropical sea surface temperatures throughout the phanerozoic eon (the past similar to 550 Myr) from our database(17) of oxygen isotopes in calcite and aragonite shells. The data indicate large oscillations of tropical sea surface temperatures in phase with the cold-warm cycles, thus favouring the idea of climate variability as a global phenomenon. But our data conflict with a temperature reconstruction using an energy balance model that is forced by reconstructed atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations(18). The results can be reconciled if atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations were not the principal driver of climate variability on geological timescales for at least one-third of the Phanerozoic eon, or if the reconstructed carbon dioxide concentrations are not reliable. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDependency of Premature Ventricular Contractions on Heart Rate and Circadian Rhythms During Childhood
Massin, M. M.; Maeyns, K.; Withofs, Nadia ULg et al

in Cardiology (2000), 93(1-2), 70-3

The aim of the present study was to identify and quantify the rate dependence of premature ventricular contractions (PVC) during childhood. A 24-hour Holter recording was performed in 16 consecutive ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was to identify and quantify the rate dependence of premature ventricular contractions (PVC) during childhood. A 24-hour Holter recording was performed in 16 consecutive children, aged 22 days to 11 years (mean age 5.6 years), with frequent (>5,000/day), isolated monomorphic PVC. Those PVC were identified and the length of the preceding sinus cycle was measured. The values were ordered into 50-ms class intervals, and the percentage of PVC for each class was calculated and then analyzed by linear regression analysis. On the basis of the significance of the p value, and the positive or negative value of the slope, we identified a tachycardia-enhanced, a bradycardia-enhanced, and an indifferent pattern. Chronobiologic analysis was made by the cosinor method. All the patients had upper and lower limits of cycle length beyond which PVC disappeared. A tachycardia-enhanced pattern was present in 7 patients and an indifferent one in 9 patients. In the latter a second-degree polynomial correlation was systematically found. Children but not infants had a significant circadian variation in the frequency of PVC with a very variable time of highest incidence. In conclusion, it is possible to identify a circadian rhythm of PVC and a spontaneous trend between their incidence and the length of the preceding cardiac cycle in children. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIdentification and characterization of in vivo attenuated mutants of Brucella melitensis.
Lestrate, P.; Delrue, R. M.; DANESE, Isabelle ULg et al

in Molecular Microbiology (2000), 38(3), 543-51

Brucella melitensis 16M is a Gram-negative alpha2-proteobacterium responsible for abortion in goats and for Malta fever in humans. This facultative intracellular pathogen invades into and survives within ... [more ▼]

Brucella melitensis 16M is a Gram-negative alpha2-proteobacterium responsible for abortion in goats and for Malta fever in humans. This facultative intracellular pathogen invades into and survives within both professional and non-professional phagocytes. Signature-tagged mutagenesis (STM) was used to identify genes required for the in vivo pathogenesis of Brucella. A library of transposon mutants was screened in a murine infection model. Out of 672 mutants screened, 20 were not recovered after a 5 day passage in BALB/c mice. The attenuation of 18 mutants was confirmed using an in vivo competition assay against the wild-type strain. The 18 mutants were characterized further for their ability to replicate in murine macrophages and in HeLa cells. The sequences disrupted by the transposon in the mutants have homology to genes coding for proteins of different functional classes: transport, amino acid and DNA metabolism, transcriptional regulation, peptidoglycan synthesis, a chaperone-like protein and proteins of unknown function. The mutants selected in this study provide new insights into the molecular basis of Brucella virulence. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCharacterization of recombinant wild type and site-directed mutations of apolipoprotein C-III: lipid binding, displacement of ApoE, and inhibition of lipoprotein lipase.
Liu, H.; Talmud, P. J.; Lins, Laurence ULg et al

in Biochemistry (2000), 39(31), 9201-12

The physicochemical properties of recombinant wild type and three site-directed mutants of apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III), designed by molecular modeling to alter specific amino acid residues implicated ... [more ▼]

The physicochemical properties of recombinant wild type and three site-directed mutants of apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III), designed by molecular modeling to alter specific amino acid residues implicated in lipid binding (L9T/T20L, F64A/W65A) or LPL inhibition (K21A), were compared. Relative lipid binding efficiencies to dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) were L9T/T20L > WT >K21A > F64A/W65A with an inverse correlation with size of the discoidal complexes formed. Physicochemical analysis (Trp fluorescence, circular dichroism, and GdnHCl denaturation) suggests that L9T/T20L forms tighter and more stable lipid complexes with phospholipids, while F64A/W65A associates less tightly. Lipid displacement properties were tested by gel-filtrating apoE:dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) discoidal complexes mixed with the various apoC-III variants. All apoC-III proteins bound to the apoE:DPPC complexes; the amount of apoE displaced from the complex was dependent on the apoC-III lipid binding affinity. All apoC-III proteins inhibited LPL in the presence or absence of apoC-II, with F64A/W65A displaying the most inhibition, suggesting that apoC-III inhibition of LPL is independent of lipid binding and therefore of apoC-II displacement. Taken together. these data suggest that the hydrophobic residues F64 and W65 are crucial for the lipid binding properties of apoC-III and that redistribution of the N-terminal helix of apoC-III (L9T/T20L) enhances the stability of the lipid-bound protein, while LPL inhibition by apoC-III is likely to be due to protein:protein interactions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailp63 is a prostate basal cell marker and is required for prostate development.
Signoretti, Sabina; Waltregny, David ULg; Dilks, James et al

in American Journal of Pathology (2000), 157(6), 1769-75

The p53 homologue p63 encodes for different isotypes able to either transactivate p53 reporter genes (TAp63) or act as p53-dominant-negatives (DeltaNp63). p63 is expressed in the basal cells of many ... [more ▼]

The p53 homologue p63 encodes for different isotypes able to either transactivate p53 reporter genes (TAp63) or act as p53-dominant-negatives (DeltaNp63). p63 is expressed in the basal cells of many epithelial organs and its germline inactivation in the mouse results in agenesis of organs such as skin appendages and the breast. Here, we show that prostate basal cells, but not secretory or neuroendocrine cells, express p63. In addition, prostate basal cells in culture predominantly express the DeltaNp63alpha isotype. In contrast, p63 protein is not detected in human prostate adenocarcinomas. Finally, and most importantly, p63(-/-) mice do not develop the prostate. These results indicate that p63 is required for prostate development and support the hypothesis that basal cells represent and/or include prostate stem cells. Furthermore, our results show that p63 immunohistochemistry may be a valuable tool in the differential diagnosis of benign versus malignant prostatic lesions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVariability of Doppler ultrasound measurements of hindlimb blood flow in conscious horses
Raisis, Anthea L; Young, L. E.; Meire, H. B. et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal (2000), 32(2), 125-132

Ultrasonography of the left and right femoral artery and vein was performed in 5 conscious horses. Velocity waveforms, recorded using low pulse repetition frequency, were used to calculate time-averaged ... [more ▼]

Ultrasonography of the left and right femoral artery and vein was performed in 5 conscious horses. Velocity waveforms, recorded using low pulse repetition frequency, were used to calculate time-averaged mean velocity (TAV), velocity of component a (TaVa), velocity of component b (TaVb) and volumetric flow. Waveform analysis included calculation of early diastolic deceleration slope (EDDS) and pulsatility index (PI) and subjective description of the waveform. Measurements were recorded at monthly intervals for 6 months. The repeated measurements were used to determine the within-horse variation. Horses were then anaesthetised with halothane and the same measurements recorded 60 min after induction. Differences between measurements recorded in conscious and anaesthetised horses were determined. Within-horse variability for diameters of femoral arteries and veins was small (CV<10%). Within variability for all other measurements was marked (CV>11%), with within-horse variability being the largest for femoral venous flow (CV>35%). Source of variability was measurement error and biological variation. Despite variability in conscious horses it was possible to detect changes in blood flow during anaesthesia. In the femoral arteries, volumetric flow was lower and EDDS and PI was higher in anaesthetised horses. In the femoral veins, volumetric flow was also lower in anaesthetised horses. Therefore Doppler ultrasound appears to be a useful technique for studying blood flow in conscious and anaesthetised horses [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAutour de Stavelot-Malmedy (VIIe-IXe siècles)
George, Philippe ULg

in Publications de la Section Historique de l'Institut Royal Grand-Ducal de Luxembourg (2000)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSystematic study and stratigraphic correlation of the Grandispora complex in the Famennian of Northwest and Eastern Europe
Higgs, K.T.; Avkhimovitch, V.I.; Loboziak, S. et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2000), 112

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMutagenesis of plants overexpressing CONSTANS demonstrates novel interactions among Arabidopsis flowering-time genes.
Onouchi, Hitoshi; Igeno, M. Isabel; Périlleux, Claire ULg et al

in Plant Cell (2000), 12(6), 885-900

CONSTANS (CO) promotes flowering of Arabidopsis in response to long photoperiods. Transgenic plants carrying CO fused with the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter (35S::CO) flowered earlier than did the ... [more ▼]

CONSTANS (CO) promotes flowering of Arabidopsis in response to long photoperiods. Transgenic plants carrying CO fused with the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter (35S::CO) flowered earlier than did the wild type and were almost completely insensitive to length of day. Genes required for CO to promote flowering were identified by screening for mutations that suppress the effect of 35S::CO. Four mutations were identified that partially suppressed the early-flowering phenotype caused by 35S::CO. One of these mutations, suppressor of overexpression of CO 1 (soc1), defines a new locus, demonstrating that the mutagenesis approach is effective in identifying novel flowering-time mutations. The other three suppressor mutations are allelic with previously described mutations that cause late flowering. Two of them are alleles of ft, indicating that FT is required for CO to promote early flowering and most likely acts after CO in the hierarchy of flowering-time genes. The fourth suppressor mutation is an allele of fwa, and fwa soc1 35S::CO plants flowered at approximately the same time as co mutants, suggesting that a combination of fwa and soc1 abolishes the promotion of flowering by CO. Besides delaying flowering, fwa acted synergistically with 35S::CO to repress floral development after bolting. The latter phenotype was not shown by any of the progenitors and was most probably caused by a reduction in the function of LEAFY. These genetic interactions suggest models for how CO, FWA, FT, and SOC1 interact during the transition to flowering. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (6 ULg)
See detailPour une démarche de qualité dans la formation continuée des enseignants : rôle de l'évaluation
Giot, Bernadette ULg

in Point sur la Recherche en Education (Le) (2000), 21

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMise au point relative à la croissance folliculaire chez la vache.1. Aspects morphologiques et cinétiques
Hanzen, Christian ULg; Lourtie, O.; Derkenne, F. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2000), 144

La mise en place du potentiel folliculaire se fait bien avant la naissance chez les mammifères. Le nombre maximal de cellules gamétiques contenues dans l'ovaire est atteint après une première phase de ... [more ▼]

La mise en place du potentiel folliculaire se fait bien avant la naissance chez les mammifères. Le nombre maximal de cellules gamétiques contenues dans l'ovaire est atteint après une première phase de multiplication aux environs du centième jour de gestation chez la vache et décroît progressivement ensuite jusqu'à la naissance. A cette première phase succède une phase de croissance et une phase de maturation, cette dernière concernant surtout l'ovocyte. Cette évolution ne concerne qu'un nombre réduit de follicules, la plupart d'entre eux subissant l'atrésie. La croissance folliculaire présente deux caractéristiques. Elle se manifeste sous la forme de croissances et de régressions successives de plusieurs follicules appelées vagues. Chacune d'entre elles consiste en l'émergence, tous les 7 à 9 jours environ, de plusieurs follicules de diamètre égal ou supérieur à 5 mm parmi lesquels apparaîtra le follicule dominant. Ces vagues ont été décrites au cours du cycle, pendant la puberté, le postpartum et la gestation. Par ailleurs, il est bien connu que parmi les follicules recrutés, c'est à dire dont la croissance s'est poursuivie au-delà d'une taille à laquelle ils subissent habituellement l'atrésie, un nombre limité, caractéristique de l'espèce, va être sélectionné pour arriver éventuellement au stade ovulatoire. Ceux-ci vont à ce moment exercer une dominance tout à la fois fonctionnelle et morphologique sur les autres follicules. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 214 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNeural mechanisms of antinociceptive effects of hypnosis.
Faymonville, Marie ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg; Degueldre, Christian ULg et al

in Anesthesiology (2000), 92(5), 1257-67

BACKGROUND: The neural mechanisms underlying the modulation of pain perception by hypnosis remain obscure. In this study, we used positron emission tomography in 11 healthy volunteers to identify the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The neural mechanisms underlying the modulation of pain perception by hypnosis remain obscure. In this study, we used positron emission tomography in 11 healthy volunteers to identify the brain areas in which hypnosis modulates cerebral responses to a noxious stimulus. METHODS: The protocol used a factorial design with two factors: state (hypnotic state, resting state, mental imagery) and stimulation (warm non-noxious vs. hot noxious stimuli applied to right thenar eminence). Two cerebral blood flow scans were obtained with the 15O-water technique during each condition. After each scan, the subject was asked to rate pain sensation and unpleasantness. Statistical parametric mapping was used to determine the main effects of noxious stimulation and hypnotic state as well as state-by-stimulation interactions (i.e., brain areas that would be more or less activated in hypnosis than in control conditions, under noxious stimulation). RESULTS: Hypnosis decreased both pain sensation and the unpleasantness of noxious stimuli. Noxious stimulation caused an increase in regional cerebral blood flow in the thalamic nuclei and anterior cingulate and insular cortices. The hypnotic state induced a significant activation of a right-sided extrastriate area and the anterior cingulate cortex. The interaction analysis showed that the activity in the anterior (mid-)cingulate cortex was related to pain perception and unpleasantness differently in the hypnotic state than in control situations. CONCLUSIONS: Both intensity and unpleasantness of the noxious stimuli are reduced during the hypnotic state. In addition, hypnotic modulation of pain is mediated by the anterior cingulate cortex. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 124 (13 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBase Plate in Bending and Anchor Bolts in Tension
Wald, Frantisek; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; sokol, Z et al

in Journal of Constructional Steel Research (2000)

The paper describes behaviour of the base plate in bending and the anchor bolts in tension, which is the major component of the base plate connection. The analytical model predicts the component ... [more ▼]

The paper describes behaviour of the base plate in bending and the anchor bolts in tension, which is the major component of the base plate connection. The analytical model predicts the component characteristics — the resistance and the stiffness. It is described how the quality of the behaviour is guided by the contact between the base plate and the concrete surface. The presented analytical prediction model is verified on tests and FE simulation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detail“Cross-Cultural Dialogues with Greek Classics: Walcott’s The Odyssey and Soyinka’s The Bacchae of Euripides.”
Bada, Valérie ULg

in Ariel : A Review of International English Literature (2000)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Legionella (Fluoribacter) gormanii metallo-beta-lactamase: a new member of the highly divergent lineage of molecular-subclass B3 beta-lactamases.
Boschi, L.; Mercuri, Paola ULg; Riccio, M. L. et al

in Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy (2000), 44(6), 1538-43

A metallo-beta-lactamase determinant was cloned from a genomic library of Legionella (Fluoribacter) gormanii ATCC 33297(T) constructed in the plasmid vector pACYC184 and transformed into Escherichia coli ... [more ▼]

A metallo-beta-lactamase determinant was cloned from a genomic library of Legionella (Fluoribacter) gormanii ATCC 33297(T) constructed in the plasmid vector pACYC184 and transformed into Escherichia coli DH5alpha, by screening for clones showing a reduced susceptibility to imipenem. The product of the cloned determinant, named FEZ-1, contains a 30-kDa polypeptide and exhibits an isoelectric pH of 7.6. Sequencing revealed that FEZ-1 is a molecular-class B beta-lactamase which shares the closest structural similarity (29.7% of identical residues) with the L1 enzyme of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, being a new member of the highly divergent subclass B3 lineage. All the residues that in L1 are known to be directly or indirectly involved in coordination of the zinc ions were found to be conserved also in FEZ-1, suggesting that the geometry of zinc coordination in the active site of the latter enzyme is identical to that of L1. Unlike L1, however, FEZ-1 appeared to be monomeric in gel permeation chromatography experiments and exhibited a distinctive substrate specificity with a marked preference for cephalosporins and meropenem. The properties of FEZ-1 overall resembled those of a beta-lactamase previously purified from the same strain of L. gormanii (T. Fujii, K. Sato, K. Miyata, M. Inoue, and S. Mitsuhashi, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 29:925-926, 1986) and are as yet unique among class B enzymes, reinforcing the notion that considerable functional heterogeneity can be encountered among members of this class. A system for overexpression of the bla(FEZ-1) gene in E. coli, based on the T7 phage promoter, was also developed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPharma clinics. Comment je traite ... un trouble de la kaliémie
Neven, Ingrid; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2000), 55(1), 4-7

The treatment of dyskalemia must be primarily etiological and later symptomatic. When moderate but significant hypokalemia exists (K < 3 mmol/l or 3.5 mmol/l with cardiac disease), oral K supplements must ... [more ▼]

The treatment of dyskalemia must be primarily etiological and later symptomatic. When moderate but significant hypokalemia exists (K < 3 mmol/l or 3.5 mmol/l with cardiac disease), oral K supplements must be given. The intravenous route must be reserved for emergency or impossible oral administration. Acute and severe hyperkalemia (K > 7 mmol/l) must be first corrected by different intravenous measures with secondary oral intervention. In chronic and/or moderate hyperkalemia (K > 5.5 mmol/l), the oral route for treatment is prefered. In any case, the research of the cause (mainly drug induced) is fundamental. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 197 (15 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailObs. sous Cass., 8 avril 1999
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Aménagement - Environnement (2000), 2

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailConséquences de l'infection des cervidés par des alpha-herpèsvirus apparentés au virus de l'IBR
Keuser, V.; Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Point Vétérinaire (2000), 31

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailHabituation of visual and intensity dependence of auditory evoked cortical potentials tends to normalize just before and during the migraine attack.
Judit, A.; Sandor, P. S.; Schoenen, Jean ULg

in Cephalalgia : An International Journal of Headache (2000), 20(8), 714-9

Between attacks, migraine with (MO) or without aura (MA) patients show deficient habituation of pattern-reversal visual evoked potentials (PR-VEP) and a strong intensity dependence of auditory evoked ... [more ▼]

Between attacks, migraine with (MO) or without aura (MA) patients show deficient habituation of pattern-reversal visual evoked potentials (PR-VEP) and a strong intensity dependence of auditory evoked cortical potentials (IDAP). Clinical observations of migraine prodromes and previously published electrophysiological studies suggest that cortical information processing may vary in close temporal relationship to the attack. We studied PR-VEP and IDAP just before (11 MO pts), during (23 MO, 3 MA), 1 day following (27 MO, 1 MA) and 2 days following (14 MO) a migraine attack. The results were compared with a large group of MO patients recorded at a distance of at least 3 days from an attack (n = 66 for IDAP; n = 39 for VEP). Patients recorded the day before the attack had on average an habituation of -13.6+/-20.5% (mean +/- SD) between the 5th and 1st block of 100 averaged VEP responses and a flat (0.38+/-1.06 microV/10 dB) amplitude-stimulus intensity function (ASF) slope of the auditory evoked cortical potential. Both values were significantly different from those obtained in the attack interval (P=0.003; P=0.020). During the attack, VEP habituation was less pronounced (-0.17+/-26.2%) and ASF slopes remained flat (0.32+/-1.44 microV/10 dB; P=0.002 compared to interval). During the 2 days following the attack, VEP habituation was replaced by potentiation (+0.09+/-29.1% the 1st day; 19.5+/-45.7% the 2nd day) and ASF slopes increased markedly (0.87+/-1.39 and 1.14+/-1.12 microV/10 dB). The normalization of evoked cortical responses just before and during the attack, might reflect an increase in the cortical preactivation level due to enhanced activity in raphe-cortical serotonergic pathways. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRevue bibliographique : l’hydroperoxyde lyase
Delcarte, Jérome; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg; Hoyaux, Phryné et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2000), 4(3), 157-167

The hydroperoxide lyase belongs to the lipoxygenase pathway, pathway in which polyunsaturated fatty acids are transformed into a large spectrum of compounds with various chemical and biological functions ... [more ▼]

The hydroperoxide lyase belongs to the lipoxygenase pathway, pathway in which polyunsaturated fatty acids are transformed into a large spectrum of compounds with various chemical and biological functions. The hydroperoxide lyase acts on fatty acids hydroperoxides (mainly linoleic and linolenic). It cleaves the bond between carbon carrying the hydroperoxide function and a vicinal carbon giving an w-oxo-acid and also depending on the species, an aldehyde, a hydrocarbon or an alcohol. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSensitivity analysis for the EPIK vulnerability assessment in a local karstic aquifer
Gogu, Radu Constantin; Dassargues, Alain ULg

in Hydrogeology Journal (2000), 8(3), 337-345

Applying the EPIK parametric method, a vulnerability assessment has been made for a small karstic groundwater system in southern Belgium. The aquifer is a karstified limestone of Devonian age. A map of ... [more ▼]

Applying the EPIK parametric method, a vulnerability assessment has been made for a small karstic groundwater system in southern Belgium. The aquifer is a karstified limestone of Devonian age. A map of intrinsic vulnerability of the aquifer and of the local water-supply system shows three vulnerability areas. A parameter-balance study and a sensitivity analysis were performed to evaluate the influence of single parameters on aquifer-vulnerability assessment using the EPIK method. This approach provides a methodology for the evaluation of vulnerability mapping and for more reliable interpretation of vulnerability indices for karst groundwater resources. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 136 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTectonic vs. shallow origin of geodetically inferred ground movements: an NE Ardenne (Belgium) case
Demoulin, Alain ULg; Vliegen, Bernard; Charlier, Robert ULg

in Earth and Planetary Science Letters (2000), 181(1-2), 217-228

In order to get a better insight into the temporal pattern of height change variations in a moderately seismic intraplate area, a 1 km long section has been weekly leveled from April, 21, 1997 to January ... [more ▼]

In order to get a better insight into the temporal pattern of height change variations in a moderately seismic intraplate area, a 1 km long section has been weekly leveled from April, 21, 1997 to January, 12, 1998 in NE Ardenne (Belgium). As this section is located very close to a small reservoir of 25 X 10(6) m(3), it also allowed the influence of lake level variations on the nearby ground motion to be studied. The measured height difference variations show a maximum amplitude of 3.45 mm, with weekly values not exceeding 1 mm. A two-dimensional (2D) finite element modeling confirms that waterload variations in the lake are the primary cause of movement of the section, inducing maximum ground subsidence of about 2 cm and seasonal tilting of 3-4 mu rads within a range of 2-3 km. We also show that a fault passively alters the spatial distribution of the waterload-dependent movements. The removal of this component from the observed ground motion leaves oscillating residual displacements characterized by an amplitude of 1-1.5 mm and a 'period' of about 2 months. We demonstrate that these displacements are independent of rainfall and probably of groundwater fluctuation too. Although most of the residual motions take place on the fault straddled by the leveling section, no credible mechanism can be found to ascribe these motions to a tectonic process. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B,V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (16 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMedium-size droplets of methyl ricinoleate are reduced by cell-surface activity in the γ-decalactone production by Yarrowia lipolytica
Waché, Y.; Bergmark, K.; Courthaudon, J.-L. et al

in Letters in Applied Microbiology (2000), 30(3), 183-187

Size of methyl ricinoleate droplets during biotransformation into γ-decalactone by Yarrowia lipolytica was measured in both homogenized and non-homogenized media. In non-homogenized but shaken medium ... [more ▼]

Size of methyl ricinoleate droplets during biotransformation into γ-decalactone by Yarrowia lipolytica was measured in both homogenized and non-homogenized media. In non-homogenized but shaken medium, droplets had an average volume surface diameter d 32 of 2.5 μm whereas it was 0.7 μm in homogenized and shaken medium. But as soon as yeast cells were inoculated, both diameters became similar at about 0.7 μm and did not vary significantly until the end of the culture. The growth of Y. lipolytica in both media was very similar except for the lag phase which was lowered in homogenized medium conditions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCharacterization Of The Lipid-Binding Properties And Lipoprotein Lipase Inhibition Of A Novel Apolipoprotein C-Iii Variant Ala23thr
Liu, Hq.; Labeur, C.; Xu, Cf. et al

in Journal of Lipid Research (2000), 41(11), 9201-12

The physicochemical properties of recombinant wild type and three site-directed mutants of apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III), designed by molecular modeling to alter specific amino acid residues implicated ... [more ▼]

The physicochemical properties of recombinant wild type and three site-directed mutants of apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III), designed by molecular modeling to alter specific amino acid residues implicated in lipid binding (L9T/T20L, F64A/W65A) or LPL inhibition (K21A), were compared. Relative lipid binding efficiencies to dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) were L9T/T20L > WT >K21A > F64A/W65A with an inverse correlation with size of the discoidal complexes formed. Physicochemical analysis (Trp fluorescence, circular dichroism, and GdnHCl denaturation) suggests that L9T/T20L forms tighter and more stable lipid complexes with phospholipids, while F64A/W65A associates less tightly. Lipid displacement properties were tested by gel-filtrating apoE:dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) discoidal complexes mixed with the various apoC-III variants. All apoC-III proteins bound to the apoE:DPPC complexes; the amount of apoE displaced from the complex was dependent on the apoC-III lipid binding affinity. All apoC-III proteins inhibited LPL in the presence or absence of apoC-II, with F64A/W65A displaying the most inhibition, suggesting that apoC-III inhibition of LPL is independent of lipid binding and therefore of apoC-II displacement. Taken together. these data suggest that the hydrophobic residues F64 and W65 are crucial for the lipid binding properties of apoC-III and that redistribution of the N-terminal helix of apoC-III (L9T/T20L) enhances the stability of the lipid-bound protein, while LPL inhibition by apoC-III is likely to be due to protein:protein interactions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of ventilatory pattern on respiratory impedance measured by impulse oscillometry in horses
Van Erck, Emmanuelle ULg; Kirschvink, Nathalie; Art, Tatiana ULg et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (2000), 440(R219-R220),

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa contamination de l'eau et des aliments par les virus pathogènes pour l'homme
Scipioni, Alexandra ULg; Daube, Georges ULg; Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2000), 144

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRe-entrant Peierls distortion in IV-VI compounds
Raty, Jean-Yves ULg; Gaspard, Jean-Pierre ULg; Bichara, C. et al

in Physica B: Condensed Matter (2000), 276-278

At room temperature, the local structure of crystalline group V elements (As, Sb,middotmiddotmiddot) and their IV-VI isoelectronic compounds (GeSe,middotmiddotmiddot) is governed by a Peierls distortion ... [more ▼]

At room temperature, the local structure of crystalline group V elements (As, Sb,middotmiddotmiddot) and their IV-VI isoelectronic compounds (GeSe,middotmiddotmiddot) is governed by a Peierls distortion of the simple cubic or NaCl structure which is a symmetry breaking electronic instability. The morphology of the distortion is determined by the filling ratio of the p-band; for a half-filled p-band, the sixfold coordination becomes 3 (short, covalent) +3 (long, van der Waals). In general, at high temperature, the structure recovers its higher coordination number. Neutron diffraction experiments have been made in the liquid state at lambda=0.7 Aring. It is observed that the Peierls distortion is still present in the liquid for most IV-VI compounds. This behavior is observed and discussed for a series of Sn and Ge chalcogenides: SnS, SnSe, GeS, GeSe and GeTe and their temperature evolution is discussed. GeSe and GeTe show an interesting re-entrant phase behavior. The heaviest IV-VI compound SnTe does not show a distorted state. We demonstrate that the hardness of the repulsive potential is a key parameter in this mechanism [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFractionation and reconstitution experiments provide insight into the role of gluten and starch interactions in pasta quality
Delcour, Jan; Vansteelandt, J.; Hythier, M. C. et al

in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2000), 48(9), 3767-3773

Commercial durum wheat (Triticum durum desf.) semolina was fractionated into starch, gluten, and water extractables. Starch surface proteins and surface lipids were removed, and two starches with ... [more ▼]

Commercial durum wheat (Triticum durum desf.) semolina was fractionated into starch, gluten, and water extractables. Starch surface proteins and surface lipids were removed, and two starches with manipulated granule size distributions were produced to influence starch properties, affecting its interaction with other semolina components. Reconstituted spaghetti was made with untreated (control) or treated starches. The pasta made from the starting semolina material had lower cooking time and was of lower quality than the samples made from reconstituted material. This was not due to changes in gluten properties as a result of the first step of the fractionation process. For the reconstituted samples, starch interaction behavior was not changed after surface protein or surface lipid removal. Starch surface properties thus do not influence the starch interaction behavior, indicating that starch-gluten interaction in raw (uncooked) pasta is mainly due to physical inclusion. All reconstituted pasta samples also had generally the same cooking quality. It was concluded that the small changes in starch gelatinization behavior, caused by the above;mentioned starch modifications, are of little importance for pasta quality. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailViolence et adolescent, un lien naturel?
Malchair, Alain ULg

in Revue des Hôpitaux de Jour Psychiatriques et des Thérapies Institutionnelles (2000), (2), 23-26

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAerosol therapy in veterinary medicine : is it the future ?
Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Veterinary Journal (2000), 160

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDe l'archétype savant au stéréotype politique : figures médiatiques du leader ouvrier
Geuens, Geoffrey ULg

in Quaderni : la Revue de la Communication (2000), 40 ("Utopie I : la fabrique de l'utopie")(Hiver 1999-2000), 53-67

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (26 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIntestinal maturation induced by spermine in young animals
Peulen, Olivier ULg; Deloyer, P; Grandfils, Christian ULg et al

in Livestock Production Science (2000), 66

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAssessment of postprandial hepatic glycogen synthesis from uridine diphosphoglucose kinetics in obese and lean non-diabetic subjects.
Paquot, Nicolas ULg; Schneiter, P.; Scheen, André ULg et al

in International Journal of Obesity & Related Metabolic Disorders (2000), 24(10), 1297-302

BACKGROUND: Obese patients are frequently characterized by insulin resistance and decreased insulin-mediated glycogen synthesis in skeletal muscle. Whether they also have impaired postprandial hepatic ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Obese patients are frequently characterized by insulin resistance and decreased insulin-mediated glycogen synthesis in skeletal muscle. Whether they also have impaired postprandial hepatic glycogen synthesis remains unknown. AIM: To determine whether postprandial hepatic glycogen synthesis is decreased in obese patients compared to lean subjects. METHODS: Lean and obese subjects with impaired glucose tolerance were studied over 4h after ingestion of a glucose load. Hepatic uridine diphosphoglucose kinetics were assessed using 13C-galactose infusion, with monitoring of urinary acetaminophen-glucuronide isotopic enrichment to estimate hepatic glycogen kinetics. RESULTS: Estimated net hepatic glycogen synthesis amounted to 18.6 and 22.6% of the ingested load in lean and obese subjects, respectively. CONCLUSION: Postprandial hepatic glycogen metabolism is not impaired in non-diabetic obese subjects. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLuxation traumatique du tendon du tibialis posterior.
Kakanou, A.; Liloku, R.; NCHIMI LONGANG, Alain ULg et al

in Acta Orthopaedica Belgica (2000), 66(5), 514-6

Anterior dislocation of the tibialis posterior tendon is a traumatic lesion, which is rarely suspected following ankle trauma. It seems to be promoted by hypoplasia of the retromalleolar sulcus. Surgical ... [more ▼]

Anterior dislocation of the tibialis posterior tendon is a traumatic lesion, which is rarely suspected following ankle trauma. It seems to be promoted by hypoplasia of the retromalleolar sulcus. Surgical treatment is easy and reportedly gives excellent results, but the diagnosis is difficult and absence of diagnosis may result in functional instability of the foot requiring more invasive surgical treatment. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDe Don Quichotte à Michel Siffre : explorations du temps psychologique
Richelle, Marc ULg

in Bulletin de la Classe des Lettres (2000), 6e série, tome XI(7-12), 467-490

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailElectrical conduction by interface states in semiconductor heterojunctions
El Yacoubi, Mohamed; Evrard, Roger ULg; Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg et al

in Semiconductor Science & Technology (2000), 15

Electrical conduction in semiconductor heterojunctions containing defect states in the interface region is studied. As the classical drift-diffusion mechanism cannot in any case explain electrical ... [more ▼]

Electrical conduction in semiconductor heterojunctions containing defect states in the interface region is studied. As the classical drift-diffusion mechanism cannot in any case explain electrical conduction in semiconductor heterojunctions, tunnelling involving interface states is often considered as a possible conduction path. A theoretical treatment is made where defect states in the interface region with a continuous energy distribution are included. Electrical conduction through this defect band then allows the transit of electrons from the conduction band of one semiconductor to the valence band of the second component. The analysis is initiated by electrical measurements on n-CdS/p-CdTe heterojunctions obtained by chemical vapour deposition of CdS on (111) oriented CdTe single crystals, for which current--voltage and capacitance--frequency results are shown. The theoretical analysis is based on the numerical resolution of Poisson's equation and the continuity equations of electrons, holes and defect states, where a current component corresponding to the defect band conduction is explicitly included. Comparison with the experimental curves shows that this formalism yields an efficient tool to model the conduction process through the interface region. It also allows us to determine critical values of the physical parameters when a particular step in the conduction mechanism becomes dominant. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGenetic organisation of the lipopolysaccharide O-antigen biosynthesis region of brucella melitensis 16M (wbk).
Godfroid, F.; Cloeckaert, A.; Taminiau, Bernard ULg et al

in Research in Microbiology (2000), 151(8), 655-68

Brucella spp. are Gram-negative, facultative intracellular bacteria that cause a zoonotic world-wide disease. As in other Gram-negative bacteria, its S-LPS (smooth lipopolysaccharide) is a major ... [more ▼]

Brucella spp. are Gram-negative, facultative intracellular bacteria that cause a zoonotic world-wide disease. As in other Gram-negative bacteria, its S-LPS (smooth lipopolysaccharide) is a major determinant of virulence. The Brucella melitensis 16M LPS O-antigen is a homopolymer of 4-formamido-4,6, dideoxymannose. In this study, the previously cloned 14-kb wbk gene cluster was sequenced, and seven open reading frames (ORFs) as well as four insertion sequences were identified. Six of the seven ORFs are homologous to LPS biosynthesis genes from other organisms. The gmd, per and wbkC gene products are predicted to be involved in 4-formamido-4,6,dideoxymannose synthesis. By deletion experiments, we demonstrated that the putative formyltransferase WbkC is absolutely required for the O-side-chain production. The wbkA gene product is similar to several mannosyltransferases and is probably involved in the polymerisation of the B. melitensis O-side-chain. We also identified two genes (wzm and wzt) encoding proteins with high similarity to several two-component ABC (ATP-binding cassette) transporters. Their implication in O-antigen translocation across the inner membrane was confirmed by gene replacement. Finally, no function has been assigned to the wbkB gene either by homology search or functionally, because deletion of wbkB did not interfere with the O-antigen structure. The seven ORFs have a low G + C content, indicating that they might have been acquired by lateral transfer from a progenitor with more A + T rich DNA. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDe la relation spatiale entre les personnages des groupes statuaires royaux en Égypte pharaonique
Laboury, Dimitri ULg

in Revue d'Egyptologie (2000), 51

Given the unity of representational system of Ancient Egypt, the author proposes to investigate the possibility of application of the principle of the "rabattement" or folding back in a three-dimensional ... [more ▼]

Given the unity of representational system of Ancient Egypt, the author proposes to investigate the possibility of application of the principle of the "rabattement" or folding back in a three-dimensional art such as statuary, considering the case of the royal statue groups [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailGestire la diversità culturale e identitaria
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Il Mulino (2000), anno XLIX(391), 881-889

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLexique des termes de physiologie et de pathologie et performances de reproduction chez les bovins
Badinand, F.; Bedouet, J.; Cosson, J. L. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2000), 144

Detailed reference viewed: 392 (11 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailErgotamine in the acute treatment of migraine: a review and European consensus.
Tfelt-Hansen, P.; Saxena, P. R.; Dahlof, C. et al

in Brain : A Journal of Neurology (2000), 123 ( Pt 1)

Ergotamine has been used in clinical practice for the acute treatment of migraine for over 50 years, but there has been little agreement on its place in clinical practice. An expert group from Europe ... [more ▼]

Ergotamine has been used in clinical practice for the acute treatment of migraine for over 50 years, but there has been little agreement on its place in clinical practice. An expert group from Europe reviewed the pre-clinical and clinical data on ergotamine as it relates to the treatment of migraine. From this review, specific suggestions for the patient groups and appropriate use of ergotamine have been agreed. In essence, ergotamine, from a medical perspective, is the drug of choice in a limited number of migraine sufferers who have infrequent or long duration headaches and are likely to comply with dosing restrictions. For most migraine sufferers requiring a specific anti-migraine treatment, a triptan is generally a better option from both an efficacy and side-effect perspective. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAffections cardiaques et intolérances à l'effort. 1-Les troubles du rythme.
Amory, Hélène ULg; Art, Tatiana ULg

in Pratique Vétérinaire Equine (2000), 32(Numéro Spécial), 71-78

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Optimisation Of The Helix/Helix Interaction Of A Transmembrane Dimer Is Improved By The Impala Restraint Field
Ducarme, P.; Thomas, Annick ULg; Brasseur, Robert ULg

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Biomembranes (2000), 1509(1-2), 148-54

A continuous membrane model (IMPALA) was previously developed to predict how hydrophobic spans of proteins insert in membranes (Mol. Mod. 2 (1996) 27). Using that membrane model, we looked for the ... [more ▼]

A continuous membrane model (IMPALA) was previously developed to predict how hydrophobic spans of proteins insert in membranes (Mol. Mod. 2 (1996) 27). Using that membrane model, we looked for the interactions between several hydrophobic spans. We used the glycophorin A dimer as an archetype of polytopic protein to validate the approach. We find that the native complex do not dislocate when it is submitted to a 10(5) steps optimisation whereas separated spans converge back to a native-like complex in the same conditions. We also observe that IMPALA restraints are not strictly mandatory but do increase the efficiency of the procedure. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAdaptation et validation française du Sexual Irrationality Questionnaire (SIQ) de McCormick et Jordan
Kempeneers, Philippe ULg; Louwette, Séverine ULg; Mormont, Christian ULg et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2000), 5(3), 5-18

Mc Cormick and Jordan's Sexual Irrationality Questionnaire (SIQ), elaborated in 1986, has been adapted to the French language and tested on a sample of 165 subjects. The organisation of the sexual ... [more ▼]

Mc Cormick and Jordan's Sexual Irrationality Questionnaire (SIQ), elaborated in 1986, has been adapted to the French language and tested on a sample of 165 subjects. The organisation of the sexual rationality-irrationality dimension depends on the gender of the subjects. Among female subjects, it appears mostly as a one-factor variable. Its optimal measure is supplied by the SIQ-R-F scale, a reduced version of the SIQ presenting a better internal consistency. Among male subjects, it rather appears structured in several independent factors. Factor analysis thus allows to distinguish four different patterns of sexual irrationality. Among female subjects, the decisive impact of sexual irrationality lies in an inhibition of sexual interest. Among male subjects, the sexual communication seems to be a vulnerable area of first importance. The external validity test of the SIQ is not very probant. This surely underlines a probable problem in the choice of the criteria as well as the compexity of the relationship between irrational cognitions and clinical data. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 160 (22 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNeurodegenerative and morphogenic changes in a mouse model of temporal lobe epilepsy do not depend on the expression of the calcium-binding proteins parvalbumin, calbindin, or calretinin.
Bouilleret, V.; Schwaller, B.; Schurmans, Stéphane ULg et al

in Neuroscience (2000), 97(1), 47-58

The functional role of the calcium-binding proteins parvalbumin, calretinin, and calbindin D-28k for epileptogenesis and long-term seizure-related alterations of the hippocampal formation was assessed in ... [more ▼]

The functional role of the calcium-binding proteins parvalbumin, calretinin, and calbindin D-28k for epileptogenesis and long-term seizure-related alterations of the hippocampal formation was assessed in single- and double-knockout mice, using a kainate model of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. The effects of a unilateral intrahippocampal injection of kainic acid were assessed at one day, 30 days, and four months post-injection, using various markers of GABAergic interneurons (GABA-transporter type 1, GABA(A)-receptor alpha1 subunit, calretinin, calbindin D-28k, somatostatin, and neuropeptide Y). Parvalbumin-deficient, parvalbumin/calbindin-deficient, and parvalbumin/calretinin-deficient mice exhibited no difference in cytoarchitecture of the hippocampal formation and in the number, distribution, or morphology of interneurons compared to wild-type mice. Likewise, mutant mice were not more vulnerable to acute kainate-induced excitotoxicity or to long-term effects of recurrent focal seizures, and exhibited the same pattern of neurochemical alterations (e.g., bilateral induction of neuropeptide Y in granule cells) and morphogenic changes (enlargement and dispersion of dentate gyrus granule cells) as wild-type animals. Quantification of interneurons revealed no significant difference in neuronal vulnerability among the genotypes.These results indicate that the calcium-binding proteins investigated here are not essential for determining the neurochemical phenotype of interneurons. Furthermore, they are not protective against kainate-induced excitotoxicity in this model, and do not appear to modulate the overall level of excitability of the hippocampus. Finally, seizure-induced changes in gene expression in granule cells, which normally express high levels of calcium-binding proteins, apparently were not affected by the gene deletions analysed [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'osteoporose involutive de la femme: strategie therapeutique. Un point de vue actualise du Belgian Bone Club.
Kaufman, J M; Body, J J; Boonen, S et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2000), 55(5), 443-8

Osteoporosis is now considered as a major public health issue and a serious threat for the quality of life of elderly women. Several new compounds are currently marketed for the prevention and treatment ... [more ▼]

Osteoporosis is now considered as a major public health issue and a serious threat for the quality of life of elderly women. Several new compounds are currently marketed for the prevention and treatment of involutional osteoporosis in women. Therefore, it is important to offer to the practitioners pragmatic solutions to be used for the rational management of this disorder. This article is the result of a national consensus offering practical guidelines for the management of osteoporotic patients, based on the current published data. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe effect of pressure on DSr (plag/melt) and DCr (opx/melt): implications for anorthosite petrogenesis
Vander Auwera, Jacqueline ULg; Longhi, John; Duchesne, Jean-Clair ULg

in Earth and Planetary Science Letters (2000), 178

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLaser-induced transitions between triply excited hollow states
Madsen, L. B.; Schlagheck, Peter ULg; Lambropoulos, P.

in Physical Review. A (2000), 62(6), 062719

Using complex scaling and a correlated basis constructed in terms of B splines, we calculate the Li+ photoion yield in the presence of a laser-induced coupling between the triply excited 2s(2)2p(P-2(0 ... [more ▼]

Using complex scaling and a correlated basis constructed in terms of B splines, we calculate the Li+ photoion yield in the presence of a laser-induced coupling between the triply excited 2s(2)2p(P-2(0)) and 2s2p(2)(D-2(e)) resonances in lithium, the first of which is assumed to be excited by synchrotron radiation from the ground state. The laser coupling between the triply excited states is shown to lead to a significant and readily measurable modification of the line profile which provides a unique probe of the dipole strength between highly correlated triply excited states. We also present results for some higher-lying triply excited states of P-2(0) symmetry. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPreliminary survey of the palynological content of the Lower Devonian in the Oesling, Luxembourg
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Debbaut, Vincent ULg; Faber, A.

in Bulletin de la Société des Naturalistes Luxembourgeois (2000), 100

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (7 ULg)