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See detailMagnetic resonance arthrography of cubital joint in dogs affected with fragmented medial coronoid process
Snaps, Frédéric ULg; Park, R. D.; Saunders, J. et al

in American Journal of Veterinary Research (1999), 20

Objective-To evaluate efficacy of intra-articular injection of gadolinium tetra- azacyclododecane tetraacetic acid (gadolinium-DOTA) for delineating fragmented medial coronoid processes (FMCP) and lesions ... [more ▼]

Objective-To evaluate efficacy of intra-articular injection of gadolinium tetra- azacyclododecane tetraacetic acid (gadolinium-DOTA) for delineating fragmented medial coronoid processes (FMCP) and lesions on the medial aspect of the humeral condyle (MAHC). Sample Population-14 cubital joints in 9 dogs. Procedure-Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed with and without intra-articular injection of a solution of 2 mmol of gadolinium-DOTA/L. Arthrographic images obtained after injection of contrast medium were compared with those obtained without contrast medium. Evidence of contrast medium around or in the medial coronoid process and infiltration of contrast medium in subchondral bone lesions was recorded, Twenty-four hours after imaging, arthroscopy was performed, and lesions detected were correlated with results of MRI. Results-An abnormal coronoid process was diagnosed in 13 of 14 joints. A fragmented process (free) was seen in 7 of 14 joints; nondisplaced mineralized medial tin situ) coronoid processes were evident in 4 joints; and nondisplaced unmineralized medial coronoid processes were evident in 2 joints. Lesions on the MAHC were diagnosed in 4 of 12 joints. In 5 joints, a hyperintense signal resulted from contrast medium that infiltrated between the fragmented process and ulna. In 2 joints, contrast medium did not infiltrate completely around the process and was stopped by an isointense structure tie, abnormal cartilage). Subchondral bone lesions were enhanced by use of contrast medium. Conclusion and Clinical Relevance-Use of arthrography enabled us to identify FMCP easily, but did not provide important additional information about changes on the medial coronoid process, compared with MRI performed without contrast medium. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantum mechanical statistical theories for chemical reactivity. Overlapping resonances
Desouter, Michèle ULg; Chapuisat, Xavier

in Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics [=PCCP] (1999), 1

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See detailHistidine modification and mutagenesis point to the involvement of a large conformational change in the mechanism of action of phage lambda lysozyme
Evrard, Christine ULg; Fastrez, Jacques; Soumillion, Patrice

in FEBS Letters (1999), 460

Phage lambda lysozyme is structurally related to other known lysozymes but its mechanism of action is different from the classical lysozyme mechanism, acting as a transglycosidase rather than a hydrolase ... [more ▼]

Phage lambda lysozyme is structurally related to other known lysozymes but its mechanism of action is different from the classical lysozyme mechanism, acting as a transglycosidase rather than a hydrolase. As two conformations have been revealed by the crystal structure, we investigated the effect of mutating and modifying a histidine located near to or far from the active site in the respective closed and open conformations. Whereas its asparagine mutation has little or no effect on activity, its N-carbethoxylation inactivates the enzyme. This provide further evidence for the involvement of the closed conformation and for the need of conformational mobility in lambda lysozyme function. [less ▲]

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See detailThe neural correlates of updating information in verbal working memory
Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Collette, Fabienne ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg et al

in Memory (1999), 7(5-6), 549-560

The aim of the present study was to re-examine cerebral areas subserving the updating function of the central executive with a running span task requiring subjects to watch strings of consonants of ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was to re-examine cerebral areas subserving the updating function of the central executive with a running span task requiring subjects to watch strings of consonants of unknown length and then to recall serially a specific number of recent items. In order to dissociate more precisely the updating process from the storage function, a four-item instead of a six-item memory load was used, contrary to our previous study (Salmon et al., 1996). In addition, a serial recall procedure was preferred to a recognition procedure in order to suppress the use of visuospatial strategies. The most significant increase of rCBF occurred in the left frontopolar cortex (Brodmann's area 10), spreading to the left middle frontal (Brodmann's area 46). Results suggest that frontopolar activation underlies an updating process in working memory. [less ▲]

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See detail"Observations sur les observations ou de la sanction du délai prévu pour adresser des observations au juge de la mise en état"
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in Journal des Juges de Paix = Tijdschrift van de Vrederechters (1999), (8, 9, 10), 357-361

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See detailDes tableaux d'art dégénéré pour Liège
Duchesne, Jean-Patrick ULg

in Art&Fact (1999), 18

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See detailUse of Anaesthesia Simulator: Initial Impressions of Its Use in Two Belgian University Centers
Larbuisson, Robert ULg; Pendeville, P.; Nyssen, Anne-Sophie ULg et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (1999), 50(2), 87-93

459 trainees in Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, accompanied by fully certified specialists from several Belgian University Hospital Centers, spend at least a 3 hour session at the Anaesthesia ... [more ▼]

459 trainees in Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, accompanied by fully certified specialists from several Belgian University Hospital Centers, spend at least a 3 hour session at the Anaesthesia Simulator. Each session comprises three segments: the briefing, the simulation session and the debriefing. The use of simulations allows significant individualization of the learning experience. The simulator helps to develop the capacity to understand, explain a phenomenon and to resolve problems. Another important aspect of the use of the simulator involves the trainee's "right to make mistakes". This allows to widen the spectrum of executional situations, and decreases the number of dangerous situations. Two University Centers (ULg and UCL) have each organized simulator sessions despite some differences in their approaches. The simulator is a teaching tool worthy of an obligatory role in the most up-to-date training possible of modern anesthesiologist. This is all the more important given that the current practice of anesthesiology is so complex that any error could cost a human life. [less ▲]

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See detailA new database of astrophysical interest
Biémont, Emile ULg; Palmeri, P.; Quinet, Pascal ULg

in Astrophysics & Space Science (1999), 269-270

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See detailLatest Devonian to Early Carboniferous biostratigraphy of Northern Brazil: an update.
Melo, JHG; Loboziak, S; Streel, Maurice ULg

in Bulletin du Centre de Recherches Elf Exploration Production (1999), 22(1), 13-33

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See detailIdentification Of Cystosolic Mg2+-Dependent Soluble Inorganic Pyrophosphatases In Potato And Phylogenetic Analysis
Rojas-Beltran, Ja.; Dubois, Françoise ULg; Mortiaux, F. et al

in Plant Molecular Biology (1999), 39(3),

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See detail“La Destruction fut ma Béatrice”. Mallarmé ou l’implosion poétique
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Revue d'Histoire Littéraire de la France (1999), 3

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See detailLeft inferior frontal cortex is involved in probabilistic serial reaction time learning
Peigneux, Philippe ULg; Maquet, Pierre ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg et al

in Brain and Cognition (1999), 40(1), 215-219

Cerebral blood flow was estimated using positron emission tomography and H2O15 infusions in 12 volunteers while they were trained on the probabilistic serial reaction time task developed by Jimenez ... [more ▼]

Cerebral blood flow was estimated using positron emission tomography and H2O15 infusions in 12 volunteers while they were trained on the probabilistic serial reaction time task developed by Jimenez, Mender, and Cleeremans (1996). Participants' reaction rimes to predictable and nonpredictable stimuli showed increasing sensitivity to the: probabilistic constraints set by previous elements of the sequence. Analysis by statistical parametric mapping showed a significant interaction between participants' performance and time effect in the left inferior frontal cortex. Our results provide the first evidence of this cerebral area being involved in the processing of contextual information in a probabilistic sequence learning task. [less ▲]

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See detailMicroscopic and laser granulometric analyses of hydrating cement suspensions
Lilkov, V.; Dimitrova, E.; Gaydardzhiev, Stoyan ULg

in Cement & Concrete Research (1999), 29

The results from microscopic and laser granulometric analyses of hydrating cement suspensions, containing active mineral additives are presented. Conclusions are drawn about the specific hydration ... [more ▼]

The results from microscopic and laser granulometric analyses of hydrating cement suspensions, containing active mineral additives are presented. Conclusions are drawn about the specific hydration processes of the investigated cements, as well as the applicability of laser granulometry for the study of cement and hydration products. [less ▲]

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See detailInfantile and juvenile presentations of Alexander's disease: a report of two cases.
Deprez, Manuel ULg; D'Hooghe, M.; Misson, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Acta Neurologica Scandinavica (1999), 99(3), 158-65

We describe 2 new cases of Alexander's disease, the first to be reported in Belgium. The first patient, a 4-year-old girl, presented with progressive megalencephaly, mental retardation, spastic ... [more ▼]

We describe 2 new cases of Alexander's disease, the first to be reported in Belgium. The first patient, a 4-year-old girl, presented with progressive megalencephaly, mental retardation, spastic tetraparesis, ataxia and epilepsy: post-mortem examination showed widespread myelin loss with Rosenthal fibers (RFs) accumulation throughout the neuraxis. She was the third of heterozygotic twins, the 2 others having developed normally and being alive at age 5 years. The second patient developed at age 10 years and over a decade spastic paraparesis, palatal myoclonus, nystagmus, thoracic hyperkyphosis and thoraco-lumbar scoliosis with radiological findings of bilateral anterior leukoencephalopathy. Brain stereotactic biopsy at age 16 years demonstrated numerous RFs. With these 2 cases, we review the literature on the various clinico-pathological conditions reported as Alexander's disease. We discuss the nosology of this entity and the pathogeny of RFs formation and dysmyelination. Clues to the diagnosis of this encephalopathy in the living patient are briefly described. [less ▲]

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See detailL'ostéoarthrose chez le chien - Pathophysiologie et diagnostic
Loneux, P.; Balligand, Marc ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1999), (143), 153-160

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See detailThermal Energy Distribution Observed in Electrospray Ionization
Drahos, Laszlo; Heeren, Ron; Collette, Caroline ULg et al

in Journal of Mass Spectrometry [=JMS] (1999), 34

A new method was developped which fits a thermal internal energy distribution to ions formed by electrospray ionization. The molecular ion survival yield was measured and determined by RRKM calculations ... [more ▼]

A new method was developped which fits a thermal internal energy distribution to ions formed by electrospray ionization. The molecular ion survival yield was measured and determined by RRKM calculations as a function of temperature. The "characteristic" temperature was determined when the calculated and measured molecular survival yields were equal. The validity of the method was also checked performing blackbody infrared radiation and on-resonance excitation experiments on a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance instrument with benzylpyridine salts and leucine enkephalin. [less ▲]

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See detailComparing global models of terrestrial net primary productivity (NPP): analysis of the seasonal atmospheric CO2 signal
Nemry, B.; François, Louis ULg; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg et al

in Global Change Biology (1999), 5(Suppl. 1), 65-76

Eight terrestrial biospheric models (TBMs) calculating the monthly distributions of both net primary productivity (NPP) and soil heterotrophic respiration (R-H) in the Potsdam NPP Model Intercomparison ... [more ▼]

Eight terrestrial biospheric models (TBMs) calculating the monthly distributions of both net primary productivity (NPP) and soil heterotrophic respiration (R-H) in the Potsdam NPP Model Intercomparison workshop are used to simulate seasonal patterns of atmospheric CO2 concentration. For each model, we used net ecosystem productivity (NEP=NPP-R-H) as the source function in the TM2 atmospheric transport model from the Max-Planck Institute for Meteorology. Comparing the simulated concentration fields with detrended measurements from 25 monitoring stations spread over the world, we found that the decreasing seasonal amplitude from north to south is rather well reproduced by all the models, though the amplitudes are slightly too low in the north. The agreement between the simulated and observed seasonality is good in the northern hemisphere, but poor in the southern hemisphere, even when the ocean is accounted for. Based on a Fourier analysis of the calculated zonal atmospheric signals, tropical NEP plays a key role in the seasonal cycle of the atmospheric CO2 in the whole southern hemisphere. The relatively poor match between measured and predicted atmospheric CO2 in this hemisphere suggests problems with all the models. The simulation of water relations, a dominant regulator of NEP in the tropics, is a leading candidate for the source of these problems. [less ▲]

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See detailClassification of medicines according to their influence on driving ability
Maes, V.; Grenez, O.; Charlier, Corinne ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (1999), S1

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See detailNew evaluation therapies for sepsis.
Deby; Damas, Pierre ULg; Lamy, Maurice ULg

in Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology (1999), 12(2), 121-7

This article presents an analysis of the literature of the last 2 years on the treatment of sepsis and septic shock. It appears that most of the antimediator therapies applied in phase II or III clinical ... [more ▼]

This article presents an analysis of the literature of the last 2 years on the treatment of sepsis and septic shock. It appears that most of the antimediator therapies applied in phase II or III clinical trials yielded disappointing results. But, many other therapeutic approaches are proposed or are ongoing, and many papers report critical analysis of the reasons for the lack of success of past clinical trials. [less ▲]

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See detailPreference of Cd(II) and Zn(II) for the two metal sites in Bacillus cereus beta-lactamase II: A perturbed angular correlation of gamma-rays spectroscopic study.
Paul-Soto, R.; Zeppezauer, M.; Adolph, H. W. et al

in Biochemistry (1999), 38(50), 16500-6

Cd-substituted forms of the Bacillus cereus metallo-beta-lactamases (BCII) were studied by perturbed angular correlation of gamma-rays (PAC) spectroscopy. At very low [Cd]:[apo-beta-lactamase] ratios, two ... [more ▼]

Cd-substituted forms of the Bacillus cereus metallo-beta-lactamases (BCII) were studied by perturbed angular correlation of gamma-rays (PAC) spectroscopy. At very low [Cd]:[apo-beta-lactamase] ratios, two nuclear quadrupole interactions (NQI) were detected. For [Cd]:[apo-beta-lactamase] ratios between 0.8 and 3.0, two new NQIs appear, and the spectra show that up to 2 cadmium ions can be bound per molecule of apoenzyme. These results show the existence of two interacting Cd-binding sites in BCII. The relative populations of the two NQIs found at low [Cd]:[apo-beta-lactamase] ratios yielded a 1:3 ratio for the microscopic dissociation constants of the two different metal sites (when only one cadmium ion is bound). X-ray diffraction data at pH 7.5 demonstrate that also for Zn(II) two binding sites exist, which may be bridged by a solvent molecule. The measured NQIs could be assigned to the site with three histidines as metal ligands (three-His site) and to the site with histidine, cysteine, and aspartic acid as metal ligands (Cys site), respectively, by PAC measurements on the Cys168Ala mutant enzyme. This assignment shows that cadmium ions preferentially bind to the Cys site. This is in contrast to the preference of Zn(II) in the hybrid Zn(II)Cd(II) enzyme, where an analysis of the corresponding PAC spectrum showed that Cd(II) occupied the Cys site, whereby Zn(II) occupied the site with three histidines. The difference between Zn(II) and Cd(II) in affinity for the two sites is combined with the kinetics of hydrolysis of nitrocefin for different metal ion substitutions (Zn(2)E, ZnE, Cd(2)E, CdE, and ZnCdE) to study the function of the two metal ion binding sites. [less ▲]

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See detailHas disinfection of endoscopes by automatic machines become obligatory?
Delwaide, Jean ULg; Pelckmans, P.; Defrance, P. et al

in Revue Médicale de Bruxelles (1999), 20(1), 49-50

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See detailAnnual activity cycle of adult brown trout (Salmo trutta L.): A radio-telemetry study in a small stream of the Belgian Ardenne
Ovidio, Michaël ULg

in Bulletin Français de la Pêche et de la Pisciculture (1999), (352), 1-18

During a study period of 26 months, twenty trout (26.0-57.0 cm FL; 198-1,685 g) were daily located from 16 to 466 days in a small stream of the Belgian Ardenne, the Aisne stream (tributary of the river ... [more ▼]

During a study period of 26 months, twenty trout (26.0-57.0 cm FL; 198-1,685 g) were daily located from 16 to 466 days in a small stream of the Belgian Ardenne, the Aisne stream (tributary of the river Ourthe) in order to characterize their annual pattern of mobility. Daily movements were more frequent and longer during the spawning period (October-December) than at any other time of the year. Upstream migrations (max.: 25 km) generally occurred during October and the first fortnight of November and were triggered by a combination of Variations of water temperature and water level within a thermal range of 10-14 degrees C. Spawning activity (second fortnight of November until late December) took place in the Aisne stream (max. width : 10 m) or in its small tributaries. Trout surviving spawning undertook a fast (max.:9,200 m in 24 h) and precise post reproductive homing. From winter to summer, daily movements were shorter and mainly corresponded to changes of residences within a home range of which the size was proportional to the trout's size. In March and June, some trout made long upstream unidirectional migrations of which the biological signification is still unknown. These results are discussed within the context of life history strategies and management of trout populations. [less ▲]

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See detailHemodynamic changes and catecholamine release during laparoscopic adrenalectomy for pheochromocytoma.
Joris, Jean ULg; Hamoir, Etienne ULg; Hartstein, Gary ULg et al

in Anesthesia and Analgesia (1999), 88(1), 16-21

We investigated hemodynamics and plasma catecholamine concentrations in eight consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic adrenalectomy for suspected pheochromocytoma. The same anesthesia protocol was ... [more ▼]

We investigated hemodynamics and plasma catecholamine concentrations in eight consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic adrenalectomy for suspected pheochromocytoma. The same anesthesia protocol was used in all patients: a continuous infusion of sufentanil 0.5 microg x kg(-1) x h(-1) and isoflurane 0.4% (end-tidal) in 50% N2O/O2. Systolic arterial pressure was maintained between 120 and 160 mm Hg by adjusting an infusion of nicardipine, a calcium-channel blocker, while tachycardia (>100 bpm) was treated by 1-mg boluses of atenolol. Hemodynamics (thermodilution technique) and plasma catecholamine concentrations were measured before surgery, after the induction of anesthesia, after turning the patient to the lateral position, during pneumoperitoneum, during tumor manipulation, after adrenalectomy, and at the end of surgery. Two events resulted in significant catecholamine release: creation of the pneumoperitoneum and adrenal gland manipulation. As a consequence, a twofold increase in cardiac output was recorded. Adjustments of nicardipine infusion (2-6 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)) minimized changes in mean arterial pressure. Beta-adrenergic blockade was necessary in six patients. In conclusion, laparoscopic adrenalectomy for pheochromocytoma results in marked catecholamine release during pneumoperitoneum and tumor manipulation. Titration of a nicardipine infusion allowed easy and quick control of the hemodynamic aberrancies related to these processes. IMPLICATIONS: Pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopy, now used for adrenalectomy, may complicate anesthetic management of patients with pheochromocytoma. In this study, laparoscopic adrenalectomy was associated with catecholamine release during the creation of pneumoperitoneum and tumor manipulation. Adjustments of a nicardipine infusion readily attenuated the subsequent hemodynamic aberrancies. [less ▲]

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See detailThe incorporation of a non-natural amino acid (aza-tryptophan) may help to crystallize a protein and to solve its crystal structure. Application to bacteriophage lambda lysozyme.
Evrard, Christine ULg; Fastrez, Jacques; Declercq, Jean-Paul

in Acta Crystallographica Section D-Biological Crystallography (1999), D55

Until now, wild-type bacteriophage lambda lysozyme had been impossible to crystallize. This difficulty could be overcome by the replacement of the four tryptophan residues by azatryptophans. Analysis of ... [more ▼]

Until now, wild-type bacteriophage lambda lysozyme had been impossible to crystallize. This difficulty could be overcome by the replacement of the four tryptophan residues by azatryptophans. Analysis of the intermolecular and intramolecular contacts in this modification allows understanding of the differences in behaviour between the native and modified molecules. Furthermore, this mutation was very useful for the creation of new heavy-atom binding sites and for the solution of the non-crystallographic symmetry, which is extremely important for phase improvement. This procedure seems to be generally applicable, at least in the search for new possibilities for heavy-atom binding sites. [less ▲]

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See detailRed blood cell substitutes: fluorocarbon emulsions and haemoglobin solutions.
Remy, Bernadette ULg; Deby, Ginette ULg; Lamy, Maurice ULg

in British Medical Bulletin (1999), 55(1), 277-98

The problems posed by transfusion of homologous blood have led to the development of substances able to replace the gas transporting properties of blood. Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) emulsions and modified ... [more ▼]

The problems posed by transfusion of homologous blood have led to the development of substances able to replace the gas transporting properties of blood. Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) emulsions and modified haemoglobin (Hb) solutions have been developed for this goal and are now tested in clinical assays. PFCs are synthetic fluorinated hydrocarbons, capable of dissolving large quantities of oxygen (O2; without binding) at high inspired concentrations of O2, and of delivering this O2 to the tissues. They are administered as emulsions containing particles with a diameter of approximately 0.2 micron, capable of entering the microcirculation. They are eliminated unchanged by the lungs within several days. Fluosol-DA 20% was the first PFC emulsion used in clinical practice. Currently, Oxygent, a second generation PFC emulsion, is being evaluated in clinical studies. The PFCs are not blood substitutes, but rather a means to ensure tissue oxygenation during extreme haemodilution. Solutions of free Hb do not have the antigenic characteristics of the blood groups, and do not require compatibility testing. They are fully saturated with O2 at ambient FiO2. The Hbs used are derived from either human or bovine sources, or via recombinant DNA technology. In order to maintain satisfactory intravascular half-life and O2 affinity, the Hb molecules are modified by adding internal crosslinks, by polymerization, and/or by encapsulation. After promising animal studies, several of these modified Hb solutions are now being studied in Phase III clinical trials. Among them, diaspirin cross-linked haemoglobin (DCLHb) has been used in cardiac and orthopaedic surgery, and for resuscitation of traffic accident victims. The initial results of multicentre trials are now being analysed. [less ▲]

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See detailA new combined bodian-luxol technique for staining unmyelinated axons in semithin, resin-embedded peripheral nerves: a comparison with electron microscopy.
Deprez, Manuel ULg; Ceuterick-de Groote, C.; Fumal, Arnaud ULg et al

in Acta Neuropathologica (1999), 98(4), 323-9

Quantitation of unmyelinated fibers (UF) in peripheral nerves has classically relied upon ultrastructural morphometry. Because this method is time-consuming, it is not typically performed in routine ... [more ▼]

Quantitation of unmyelinated fibers (UF) in peripheral nerves has classically relied upon ultrastructural morphometry. Because this method is time-consuming, it is not typically performed in routine analysis of nerve biopsies. We applied the Bodian-Luxol technique to detect unmyelinated axons by light microscopy on semithin sections from resin-embedded nerve tissue. Estimates were compared to ultrastructural counts. The staining appeared highly specific for axons. Excellent correlation was found between optic densities and the population of UF larger than 0.5 microm. The smallest profiles detected by light microscopy had a diameter close to 0.6 microm. This new technique is not a substitute for ultrastructural quantitative morphometry of UF, as very small unmyelinated axons, especially regenerating ones, can not be reliably visualized. However, it provides a valuable light microscopic method for evaluating axonal loss among UF. [less ▲]

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See detailBovine herpesvirus 1-induced apoptotic cell death: role of glycoprotein D
Hanon, Emmanuel; Keil, Günther; Van Drunen Littel-Van Den Hurk, Sylvia et al

in Virology (1999), 257

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) induces apoptotic cell death in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and in bovine B lymphoma (BL-3) cells. Attachment but not penetration of BHV-1 is necessary to induce ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) induces apoptotic cell death in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and in bovine B lymphoma (BL-3) cells. Attachment but not penetration of BHV-1 is necessary to induce apoptosis in target cells, suggesting that one or more BHV-1 envelope glycoproteins could be involved in the activation of the apoptotic process. In the present study, we demonstrate that, although BHV-1 virions devoid of glycoprotein D (BHV-1 gD-/-) still bind to BL-3 cells, they are no longer able to induce apoptosis. In contrast, virions that contain glycoprotein D (gD) in the viral envelope but do not genetically encode gD (BHV-1 gD-/+) induce a level of apoptosis comparable to that produced by wild-type (wt) BHV-1. In addition, monoclonal antibodies directed against gD, but not against gB or gC, strongly reduced the high levels of apoptosis induced by BHV-1. These observations demonstrate that the induction of apoptosis is directly due to BHV-1 viral particles harboring gD in the viral envelope. Interestingly, binding of affinity-purified gD to BL-3 cells did not induce apoptosis but inhibited the ability of wt BHV-1 to induce apoptosis. Altogether, these results provide evidence for the direct or indirect involvement of gD in the mechanism by which BHV-1 induces apoptosis. [less ▲]

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See detailPrise en charge diagnostique d'un amas de calcifications atypiques par la méthode MIBB
LIFRANGE, Eric ULg; BOURDOUX, B; DESREUX, Joëlle ULg et al

in Gunaïkeia (1999), 4

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See detailModélisation du cycle de Fasciola hepatica en Belgique à partir de paramètres climatiques
Bossaert, K.; Lonneux, J. F.; Losson, Bertrand ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1999), 143

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See detailComparison of performance, water intake and feeding behaviour of weaned pigs fed either pellets or meal
Laitat, Martine ULg; Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Desiron, Alain et al

in Animal Science (1999), 69

Performance, water intake and feeding behaviour of two groups of 30 (trial 1), 40 (trial 2) or 50 (trial 3) weaned pigs offered either pellets ol meal of the same formulation were compared. Average daily ... [more ▼]

Performance, water intake and feeding behaviour of two groups of 30 (trial 1), 40 (trial 2) or 50 (trial 3) weaned pigs offered either pellets ol meal of the same formulation were compared. Average daily weight gains (ADG) were higher for pigs given pellets rather than meal in trials 2 (413 v. 363 g/day P < 0.001) and 3 (356 v. 324 g/day, P < 0.05). Mean daily water intake (DWI) was higher with meal than with pellets but only during trial 1 (2.31 y. 1.65 l/day, P < 0.01). The occupation time (OT) and the number of animals using the feeder simultaneously (N) were higher when pigs were given meal rather than pellets, whatever the animal density: trial 1: 82.6 v. 69.9% (P = 0.05) and 3.8 v. 2.3 (P < 0.01); trial 2: 90.9 v. 77.9% (P > 0.05) and 5.2 v. 3.1 (P < 0.01); trial 3: 96.2 v. 83.6% (P < 0.05) and 5.9 v. 3.8 (P < 0.01). When using pellets, OT and N were always significantly lower during the night than during the day but when using meal in groups of 40 and 50, OT during the night was almost as high as during the day. The greater the group size, the lower were ADG (both diets) and DWI (only with meal) and the higher were OT and N (both diets). Furthermore, significant linens and curvilinear regressions of DWI, OT and N according to time were calculated. In conclusion, pigs need more time to eat meal than to eat pellets. Thus the number of pigs per feeder has to be adapted to the food presentation. Too high number of pigs per feeder impairs feeding behaviour and eventually welfare, by preventing preferential diurnal feeding activity and this may affect productivity [less ▲]

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See detailConnectionist symbol processing : dead or alive ?
Blank, D. S.; Coltheart, M.; Diederich, J. et al

in Neural Computing Surveys (1999), 2

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See detailReproducibility of measurements of potential doubling time of tumor cells in the multicenter NCI protocol T92-0045
Wilson, G-D; Paschoud, N; Pavy, J-J et al

in British Journal of Cancer (1999), 79(2), 323-332

Summary We compared the flow cytometric measurement and analysis of the potential doubling time ( Tpot) between three centres involved in the National Cancer Institute (NCI) protocol T92-0045. The primary ... [more ▼]

Summary We compared the flow cytometric measurement and analysis of the potential doubling time ( Tpot) between three centres involved in the National Cancer Institute (NCI) protocol T92-0045. The primary purpose was to understand and minimize the variation within the measurement. A total of 102 specimens were selected at random from patients entered into the trial. Samples were prepared, stained, run and analysed in each centre and a single set of data analysed by all three centres. Analysis of the disc data set revealed that the measurement of labelling index (LI) was robust and reproducible. The estimation of duration of S-phase ( Ts) was subject to errors of profile interpretation, particularly DNA ploidy status, and analysis. The LI dominated the variation in Tpot such that the level of final agreement, after removal of outliers and ploidy agreement, reached correlation coefficients of 0.9. The sample data showed poor agreement within each of the components of the measurement. There was some improvement when ploidy was in agreement, but correlation coefficients failed to exceed values of 0.5 for Tpot. The data suggest that observer-associated analysis of Ts and tissue processing and tumour heterogeneity were the major causes of variability in the Tpot measurement. The first two aspects can be standardized and minimized, but heterogeneity will remain a problem with biopsy techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailDetection of Tryptase in Bovine Mast Cells: Comparison of Enzyme- and Immuno-Histochemistry
Jolly, Sandra ULg; Coignoul, Freddy ULg; Gabriel, Annick ULg et al

in Journal of Comparative Pathology (1999), 120(3), 269-79

Mast cell (MC) phenotypes may vary with respect to tissue site, sensitivity to degranulating agents, dependency on T lymphocytes and, above all, the composition of their granules. Proteinases (either ... [more ▼]

Mast cell (MC) phenotypes may vary with respect to tissue site, sensitivity to degranulating agents, dependency on T lymphocytes and, above all, the composition of their granules. Proteinases (either trypsin-like or chymotrypsin-like) are granule constituents which provide an important means of distinguishing subtypes of MCs in man and rodents. The purpose of this study was to compare the distribution of MC trypsin-like protease (tryptase) in a variety of bovine tissues with the aim of examining MC heterogeneity. Tryptase was found in MCs regardless of their location within tissues. With respect to tryptase content, bovine MC distribution resembled more that of human and canine tissues than that of mice and rats. Comparison of the results yielded by enzyme- and immuno-histochemical staining suggested that a tryptase-negative, dual-specific chymase-positive MC subset occurred, at least in duodenal lamina propria, around bronchioles and within alveolar septa. The study also suggested that monoclonal antibodies raised against human tryptase can be used for quantitation of bovine tryptase in biological fluids; this offers a promising tool for evaluating the role of MC activation in disease. [less ▲]

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See detailGenetic control of isozymes in the primary gene pool Phaseolus lunatus L.
Bi, Irié Zoro; Maquet, Alain; Wathelet, Bernard ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (1999)

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See detailPremier bilan d’activités du Centre d’Informations Vétérinaires en Pharmaco-Toxicologie
Delaunois, A.; Bloden, Serge ULg; Gustin, Pascal ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1999), 143

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See detailConserved mechanism of PLAG1 activation in salivary gland tumors with and without chromosome 8q12 abnormalities: identification of SII as a new fusion partner gene.
Astrom, A. K.; Voz, Marianne ULg; Kas, K. et al

in Cancer Research (1999), 59(4), 918-23

We have previously shown (K. Kas et al, Nat. Genet., 15: 170-174, 1997) that the developmentally regulated zinc finger gene pleomorphic adenoma gene 1 (PLAG1) is the target gene in 8q12 in pleomorphic ... [more ▼]

We have previously shown (K. Kas et al, Nat. Genet., 15: 170-174, 1997) that the developmentally regulated zinc finger gene pleomorphic adenoma gene 1 (PLAG1) is the target gene in 8q12 in pleomorphic adenomas of the salivary glands with t(3;8)(p21;q12) translocations. The t(3;8) results in promoter swapping between PLAG1 and the constitutively expressed gene for beta-catenin (CTNNB1), leading to activation of PLAG1 expression and reduced expression of CTNNB1. Here we have studied the expression of PLAG1 by Northern blot analysis in 47 primary benign and malignant human tumors with or without cytogenetic abnormalities of 8q12. Overexpression of PLAG1 was found in 23 tumors (49%). Thirteen of 17 pleomorphic adenomas with a normal karyotype and 5 of 10 with 12q13-15 abnormalities overexpressed PLAG1, which demonstrates that PLAG1 activation is a frequent event in adenomas irrespective of karyotype. In contrast, PLAG1 was overexpressed in only 2 of 11 malignant salivary gland tumors analyzed, which suggests that, at least in salivary gland tumors, PLAG1 activation preferentially occurs in benign tumors. PLAG1 over-expression was also found in three of nine mesenchymal tumors, i.e., in two uterine leiomyomas and one leiomyosarcoma. RNase protection, rapid amplification of 5'-cDNA ends (5'-RACE), and reverse transcription-PCR analyses of five adenomas with a normal karyotype revealed fusion transcripts in three tumors. Nucleotide sequence analysis of these showed that they contained fusions between PLAG1 and CTNNB1 (one case) or PLAG1 and a novel fusion partner gene, i.e., the gene encoding the transcription elongation factor SII (two cases). The fusions occurred in the 5' noncoding region of PLAG1, leading to exchange of regulatory control elements and, as a consequence, activation of PLAG1 gene expression. Because all of the cases had grossly normal karyotypes, the rearrangements must result from cryptic rearrangements. The results suggest that in addition to chromosomal translocations and cryptic rearrangements, PLAG1 may also be activated by mutations or indirect mechanisms. Our findings establish a conserved mechanism of PLAG1 activation in salivary gland tumors with and without 8q12 aberrations, which indicates that such activation is a frequent event in these tumors. [less ▲]

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See detailL'éclairage : une technique en évolution. Les méthodes de calcul et de simulation
Embrechts, Jean-Jacques ULg; Renglet, Michel; Eugène, Christian et al

in Revue E Tijdschrift (1999), 115è année, 3/4

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See detailAdjuvant small field pelvic radiation for patients with high risk, stage IB lymph node negative cervix carcinoma after radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection. A pilot study.
KRIDELKA, Frédéric ULg; Berg, D. O.; Neuman, M. et al

in Cancer (1999), 86(10), 2059-65

BACKGROUND: After radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection, an identifiable subgroup of patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stage IB lymph node negative cervix ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: After radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection, an identifiable subgroup of patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stage IB lymph node negative cervix carcinoma remains at high risk of pelvic recurrence. This study attempted to determine whether postoperative small field of pelvic radiation can improve the disease free survival (DFS) of this high risk group of patients without producing significant morbidity. METHODS: Between 1991 and 1995, after radical surgery, 25 patients with Stage IB lymph node negative cervix carcinoma were considered to be at high risk of pelvic recurrence on the basis of tumor dimension, depth of stromal invasion, and the presence of lymph-vascular space invasion. All had a score >/= 120 as determined by the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) study. These patients received 50.4 gray of adjuvant radiation to a small central pelvic field and were followed prospectively. A Kaplan-Meier 5-year DFS curve was generated. A log rank analysis produced an estimated log rank P value (est P value) by comparing the 5-year DFS of the patients in the current study with the 5-year DFS of the corresponding high risk group of the GOG study (observation only). The morbidity of small field pelvic radiation was recorded. RESULTS: Among the 25 patients who received small field pelvic radiation, the mean GOG score was 166 (range, 120-263) and the mean follow-up was 32 months (range, 12-64 months). There was 1 recurrence (4%) recorded at 16 months. The log rank analysis demonstrated a significant improvement in the 5-year DFS for the group who received adjuvant small field pelvic radiation (est P value = 0.005) when compared with the DFS of the high risk GOG patients who were observed postoperatively. Four cases of minor morbidity were recorded: lymphedema (three cases) and mild rectal incontinence (one case). No major morbidity was reported. CONCLUSIONS: With low morbidity, adjuvant small field pelvic radiation appears to improve significantly the 5-year DFS of patients with high risk, lymph node negative Stage IB cervical carcinoma. However, this pilot study requires verification. [less ▲]

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See detailPunch Press Vibration Isolation: a Case History
Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg; Géradin, Michel ULg

in European Journal of Mechanical and Environmental Engineering (1999), 44(3), 141-145

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See detailA targeted deletion of a region upstream from the Jkappa cluster impairs kappa chain rearrangement in cis in mice and in the 103/bcl2 cell line
Cocea, L.; De Smet, A.; Saghatchian, M. et al

in Journal of Experimental Medicine (1999), 189

We have shown previously that a mutation of the KI-KII site immediately 5' to J(kappa)1 on the mouse immunoglobulin light chain kappa locus reduces the rearrangement level in cis, although it does not ... [more ▼]

We have shown previously that a mutation of the KI-KII site immediately 5' to J(kappa)1 on the mouse immunoglobulin light chain kappa locus reduces the rearrangement level in cis, although it does not affect transcription. Here we deleted by homologous recombination in mouse embryonic stem cells a 4-kb DNA fragment, located immediately upstream of the KI-KII element, which contains the promoter of the long germline transcript. Analysis of gene-targeted heterozygous mouse splenic B cells showed a strong decrease in rearrangement for the allele bearing the deletion. When both the KI-KII mutation and the 4-kb deletion were present on the same allele, the overall reduction in rearrangement was stronger than with the 4-kb deletion alone underlying the role of these two elements in the regulation of rearrangement. The same deletion was performed by homologous recombination on one allele of the rearrangement-inducible mouse 103/bcl2-hygro(R) pre-B cell line, and resulted in a similar reduction in the induction of rearrangement of the mutated allele. This result validates this cell line as an in vitro model for studying the incidence of gene-targeted modifications of the kappa locus on the regulation of rearrangement [less ▲]

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See detailAbsence of response to early transcranial magnetic stimulation in ischemic stroke patients: prognostic value for hand motor recovery.
Pennisi, Giovanni; Rapisarda, Giuseppe; Bella, R. et al

in Stroke (1999), 30(12), 2666-70

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has been proposed as a prognostic tool in stroke patients. Most of the previous studies agree in considering the presence of motor-evoked ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has been proposed as a prognostic tool in stroke patients. Most of the previous studies agree in considering the presence of motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) in the first days after a stroke as an indicator of good outcome. In the present study, we have assessed the prognostic value of the absence of response to early TMS on hand motor recovery in stroke patients with complete hand palsy at onset due to ischemia in the area of the middle cerebral artery. METHODS: Fifteen patients submitted to TMS within 48 hours of stroke onset (defined as day 1) and again after 1 year. They were also evaluated clinically on day 1 by a scale derived from the Medical Research Council (MRC) and by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) stroke scale; they were reevaluated by the same scales and by Barthel Index on day 365. RESULTS: On day 1, all the patients had complete hand palsy and no response to TMS; their NIH scores showed great variability. After 1 year, 6 of 15 patients regained small and prolonged MEPs, together with a very poor and not functionally useful motor recovery. NIH scores were significantly improved. Barthel Index scores showed large interindividual differences and were not correlated with MRC scores. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that in patients with complete hand palsy, the absence of response to TMS in the first hours is predictive of absent or very poor, not useful, hand motor recovery. [less ▲]

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See detailDiagnosis of bovine brucellosis by skin test: conditions for the test and evaluation of its performance.
Saegerman, Claude ULg; Vo, T. K.; De Waele, L. et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (1999), 145(8), 214-8

Brucellergene OCB (Rhone-Merieux) was used as an allergen to define the intrinsic parameters of a skin test and to compare its properties with serology for the diagnosis of bovine brucellosis. The skin ... [more ▼]

Brucellergene OCB (Rhone-Merieux) was used as an allergen to define the intrinsic parameters of a skin test and to compare its properties with serology for the diagnosis of bovine brucellosis. The skin test was also evaluated for its capacity to solve problems associated with false positive reactions in serological tests. The optimal reading delay for the skin test was 72 hours. The brucellosis allergic reaction was two to three times less intense than the tuberculosis allergic reaction. An increase of 1.1 mm or more in the skin thickness was therefore considered to be an adequate cut-off. The specificity calculated for 1192 brucellosis-free animals (including animals from brucellosis-free herds in which false positive serological reactions had been reported) was 99-83 per cent (95 per cent confidence interval [CI] 99-40 to 99-98 per cent). The sensitivity determined from 27 experimentally infected heifers ranged from 93 per cent (95 per cent CI 76 to 100 per cent) to 78 per cent (95 per cent CI 58 to 91 per cent) when measured respectively one and six months after the infection. Allergic reactions could be detected in vaccinated animals up to four-and-a-half years after the vaccination. On the other hand, no sensitisation was recorded in naive animals after up to eight monthly injections of the allergen. The skin test gave valuable information, in combination with the serological tests, in both acute and chronic brucellosis. The skin test discriminated brucellosis clearly from false positive serological reactions due to infections with Yersinia enterocolitica O9. [less ▲]

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See detailLa pollution de la chaîne alimentaire par la dioxine
Maghuin-Rogister, Guy ULg; Delaunois, A.; De Pauwe, E. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1999), 143

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See detailProfil de l'état corporel au cours du post partum chez la vache laitière
Drame, Daour; Hanzen, Christian ULg; Houtain, J. Y. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1999), 143

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See detailMédiamorphoses. Notes sur quelques conversions macluhaniennes
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Quaderni : la Revue de la Communication (1999), 37

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See detailEGb 761 protects liver mitochondria against injury induced by in vitro anoxia/reoxygenation.
Du, G.; Willet, K.; Mouithys-Mickalad, Ange ULg et al

in Free Radical Biology & Medicine (1999), 27

The present study investigated the protective effects of Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761) on rat liver mitochondrial damage induced by in vitro anoxia/reoxygenation. Anoxia/reoxygenation was known to ... [more ▼]

The present study investigated the protective effects of Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761) on rat liver mitochondrial damage induced by in vitro anoxia/reoxygenation. Anoxia/reoxygenation was known to impair respiratory activities and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation efficiency. ADP/O (2.57 +/- 0.11) decreased after anoxia/reoxygenation (1.75 +/- 0.09, p < .01), as well as state 3 and uncoupled respiration (-20%, p < .01), but state 4 respiration increased (p < .01). EGb 761 (50-200 microg/ml) had no effect on mitochondrial functions before anoxia, but had a specific dose-dependent protective effect after anoxia/reoxygenation. When mitochondria were incubated with 200 microg/ml EGb 761, they showed an increase in ADP/O (2.09 +/- 0.14, p < .05) and a decrease in state 4 respiration (-22%) after anoxia/reoxygenation. In EPR spin-trapping measurement, EGb 761 decreased the EPR signal of superoxide anion produced during reoxygenation. In conclusion, EGb 761 specially protects mitochondrial ATP synthesis against anoxia/reoxygenation injury by scavenging the superoxide anion generated by mitochondria [less ▲]

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See detailHyperfine structure and lifetimes of metastable states studied by means of laser excitation of stored ions
Norlin, L.-O.; Biémont, Emile ULg; Lidberg, J. et al

in Hyperfine Interactions (1999), 120-121

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See detailEffect of synthesis process and substrate on electrical and thermal transport properties of Bi-2212
Dorbolo, Stéphane ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg; Bougrine, Hassan ULg et al

in Journal of Superconductivity (1999), 12(5), 623-629

Resistivity, thermoelectric power, and thermal conductivity have been measured for a Bi-2212 system synthesized from a glassy precursor, either with a commercially Al2O3 substrate or with a homemade ... [more ▼]

Resistivity, thermoelectric power, and thermal conductivity have been measured for a Bi-2212 system synthesized from a glassy precursor, either with a commercially Al2O3 substrate or with a homemade BaZrO3 substrate. Those measurements show that the BaZrO3 substrate gives better superconducting properties to the Bi-2212 than the Al2O3 substrate. The effect of (1.0 T) weak magnetic field has been searched for. The thermal magnetoconductivity and the contributions of the magnetic field to the thermoelectrical power are studied and compared through fine measurements. An electronic contribution seems to appear already well above the critical temperature and to exist up to 200 degrees K. The onset temperature is thus deduced. [less ▲]

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See detailLocal order of the high-pressure metallic phase of liquid selenium: a diffraction study
Raty, Jean-Yves ULg; Gaspard, Jean-Pierre ULg; Le Bihan, T. et al

in Journal of Physics : Condensed Matter (1999), 11(50), 10243-1024910249

Liquid selenium undergoes a phase transition towards a metallic phase when sufficient pressure is applied. We performed an x-ray diffraction experiment at the 1D30 beamline of the ESRF at the wavelength ... [more ▼]

Liquid selenium undergoes a phase transition towards a metallic phase when sufficient pressure is applied. We performed an x-ray diffraction experiment at the 1D30 beamline of the ESRF at the wavelength of 0.149 Aring to investigate the local order of the metallic liquid. The diffraction pattern of liquid Se has been recorded with the large-volume Paris-Edinburgh cell between (20degC, 3 GPa) and (1650degC, 4.1 GPa). The local order of the metallic liquid selenium is found to be close to that of liquid tellurium. In particular, the coordination number Z increases with temperature from 2.6 to 3.0 [less ▲]

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See detailInfo-congres. L'etude HOPE: demonstration de la protection cardio-vasculaire du ramipril, un inhibiteur de l'enzyme de conversion de l'angiotensine.
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1999), 54(10), 835-6

The results of the HOPE ("Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation") study were presented at the XXIst Congress of the European Society of Cardiology in Barcelona (August 28-September 1, 1999). In addition ... [more ▼]

The results of the HOPE ("Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation") study were presented at the XXIst Congress of the European Society of Cardiology in Barcelona (August 28-September 1, 1999). In addition, results obtained in the large diabetic sub-population (38% of the 9541 patients included in the trial) were reported at the XXXVth Congress of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Brussels (September 28-October 2, 1999). The HOPE trial was terminated early because of a reduction of the relative risk (-22%, p < 0.000002) of major cardiovascular events in the group treated with ramipiril compared to the group receiving placebo. Such a favourable effect of ramipril was observed in non-diabetic subjects in secondary prevention and in diabetic patients in secondary or primary prevention. In the latter population, a significant reduction in the incidence of microangiopathic complications (nephropathy and retinopathy) was also demonstrated. [less ▲]

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See detailL'image du mois. Purpura thrombocytopenique auto-immun.
Smitz, Simon ULg; Neven, I.; Sautois, Brieuc ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1999), 54(8), 645

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See detailData-model comparison using fuzzy logic in paleoclimatology.
Guiot, Joël; Boreux, Jean-Jacques ULg; Braconnot, P. et al

in Climate Dynamics (1999), 15(8), 569-581

Until now, most paleoclimate model-data comparisons have been limited to simple statistical evaluation and simple map comparisons. We have applied a new method, based on fuzzy logic, to the comparison of ... [more ▼]

Until now, most paleoclimate model-data comparisons have been limited to simple statistical evaluation and simple map comparisons. We have applied a new method, based on fuzzy logic, to the comparison of 17 model simulations of the mid-Holocene (6 ka BP) climate with reconstruction of three bioclimatic parameters (mean temperature of the coldest month, MTCO, growing degree-days above 5 °C, GDD5, precipitation minus evapotranspiration, P−E) from pollen and lake-status data over Europe. With this method, no assumption is made about the distribution of the signal and on its error, and both the error bars related to data and to model simulations are taken into account. Data are taken at the drilling sites (not using a gridded interpolation of proxy data) and a varying domain size of comparison enables us to make the best common resolution between observed and simulated maps. For each parameter and each model, we compute a Hagaman distance which gives an objective measure of the goodness of fit between model and data. The results show that there is no systematic order for the three climatic parameters between models. None of the models is able to satisfactorily reproduce the three pollen-derived data. There is larger dispersion in the results for MTCO and P−E than for GDD5. There is also no systematic relationship between model resolution and the Hagaman distance, except for P−E. The more local character of P−E has little chance to be reproduced by a low resolution model, which can explain the inverse relationship between model resolution and Hagaman distance. The results also reveal that most of the models are better at predicting 6 ka climate than the modern climate. [less ▲]

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See detailStructure of high temperature fluid selenium
Bichara, C.; Raty, Jean-Yves ULg; Gaspard, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids (1999), 250-252

Monte Carlo simulations based on a semi empirical tight binding model including dispersion forces were performed to study liquid selenium at temperatures between 600 and 2000 K. The atomic structures ... [more ▼]

Monte Carlo simulations based on a semi empirical tight binding model including dispersion forces were performed to study liquid selenium at temperatures between 600 and 2000 K. The atomic structures obtained are in agreement with the X-ray scattering and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) data in a range of temperatures and densities. A correlation between the conductivity of high temperature fluid selenium and the degree of branching and breaking of the selenium chains is observed [less ▲]

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See detailL'etude clinique du mois. Interet d'augmenter un taux de cholesterol HDL bas en prevention secondaire de la coronaropathie: resultats de l'etude VA-HIT.
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1999), 54(9), 773-5

The "Veterans Affairs Cooperative Studies Program High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Intervention Trial" (VA-HIT) is a large randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial for the secondary ... [more ▼]

The "Veterans Affairs Cooperative Studies Program High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Intervention Trial" (VA-HIT) is a large randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial for the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease. It demonstrates that a fibrate treatment (gemfibrozil) significantly reduces the relative risk of major coronary (-22%, p = 0.006) and cardiovascular (-24%, p < 0.001) events in men with coronary heart disease whose primary lipid abnormality is a low HDL cholesterol level. These findings suggest that, in such a population, the rate of coronary events is reduced under gemfibrozil therapy by raising HDL cholesterol levels (+6%) and lowering levels of triglycerides (-31%) without lowering LDL cholesterol concentrations. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact de l'ammoniac sur le système respiratoire du porc. Etude de la relation dose-réponse
Gustin, Pascal ULg

in Bulletin et Mémoires de l'Académie Royale de Médecine de Belgique (1999), 154(6, Pt 2), 371-375

The effects of ammonia on the respiratory system and somatic growth have been measured in piglets taking into account the interactions with endotoxins from gram-bacteria and dust. Dose-response curves ... [more ▼]

The effects of ammonia on the respiratory system and somatic growth have been measured in piglets taking into account the interactions with endotoxins from gram-bacteria and dust. Dose-response curves were constructed for the inflammatory reactions induced in nasal cavities, the smooth muscle hyperresponsiveness in the trachea, the permeability of alveolo-capillary barrier, the pulmonary vasomotricity, the cough reflex and the systemic effects. An acceptable level of pollution was proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailExploration isocinétique : analyse des courbes
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg

in Annales de Réadaptation et de Médecine Physique (1999), 42

Introducition: La courbe isocinétique met en relation le moment de force développé et le positionnement articulaire: elle autorise l'étude in vivo de la relation classique tension-longueur. Le tracé ... [more ▼]

Introducition: La courbe isocinétique met en relation le moment de force développé et le positionnement articulaire: elle autorise l'étude in vivo de la relation classique tension-longueur. Le tracé isocinétique se caractérise occasionnellement par un profil anormal. Méthode: Sur la base de l'expérience clinique, les auteurs proposent une classification d'anomalies; plusieurs facteurs contribuent à leur apparition: une collaboration ou une familiarisation insuffisante du patient, un protocole inadéquat, une amyotrophie majeure, une modification de la biomécanique articulaire, des troubles neurologiques ainsi que des phénomènes algiques au cours de l'exercice. Discussion et conclusion: L'intérêt diagnostique des courbes isocinétiques ne semble pas crédible, comme l'indique une étude centrée sur la nature et la fréquence des anomalies dans différents groupes de lésions opérées ou non opérées du ligament croisé antérieur. Sous réserve d'une analyse rigoureuse, les implications rééducatives paraissent néanmoins intéressantes lorsqu'une anomalie reproductible de la courbe s'accompagne d'un phénomène algique. [less ▲]

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See detailWater and nitrogen transfer study through soils of a small agricultural water catchment
Tychon, Bernard ULg; Vander Borght, Paul ULg; De Backer, Louis W.

in Water Science & Technology (1999), 39(12), 69-76

Water and nitrogen movements in a small watershed (32ha) located in the Belgian Lorraine (south-eastern Belgium) were monitored intensively between 1988 and 1991 to investigate at a daily time step the ... [more ▼]

Water and nitrogen movements in a small watershed (32ha) located in the Belgian Lorraine (south-eastern Belgium) were monitored intensively between 1988 and 1991 to investigate at a daily time step the possibility of predicting water discharge rates and nitrate concentrations in a spring if one knows the surface agricultural practices in the catchment area. The watershed was equipped with instruments to monitor the various meteorological, pedological, agronomic and geohydrological parameters assumed to explain most of the behaviour of water and nitrogen fluxes. They were recorded at various levels, i.e., the surface, vadose zone, saturated zone, and watershed outlet. Field observations were made to cross-check fluxes at each level. This information was then used in simulation models (SOIL and SOILN) to describe the movement of water and nitrogen solutes in the vadose zone and with original programming that describes their movements in the groundwater down to the outlet. These models present many parameters, the most sensitive of which were subjected to Monte Carlo Analysis which confirmed the robustness of the approach. The performance of the comprehensive model is quite satisfactory, with a 10% error in nitrogen fluxes over a three-year period. It shows the limits of such an approach despite the particularly intense degree of observation. [less ▲]

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See detailGosferia, a new name for Forgesia Gerrienne (Fossil).
Gerrienne, Philippe ULg

in Taxon (1999), 48

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See detailL'etude clinique du mois. La privation chronique de sommeil predispose-t-elle au syndrome plurimetabolique?
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1999), 54(11), 898-900

According to a recent experimental study published in the Lancet, sleep debt, frequently imposed by the life habits of industrialized countries, results in profound metabolic (impaired glucose tolerance ... [more ▼]

According to a recent experimental study published in the Lancet, sleep debt, frequently imposed by the life habits of industrialized countries, results in profound metabolic (impaired glucose tolerance) and endocrine (increased sympathetic activity and evening cortisol levels) alterations, which mimic those of normal ageing and may have pathophysiological consequences in the long term. Another study recently published in the International Journal of Obesity demonstrated a significant positive relationship between the duration of shift-work and body mass index or waist to hip ratio, a marker of visceral adiposity. One may thus hypothesize that chronic sleep deprivation could predispose to the metabolic syndrome and increase the cardiovascular risk. [less ▲]

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See detailA reference value for the interior-to-edge ratio of isolated habitats.
Bogaert, Jan ULg; Van Hecke, P; Impens, I

in Acta Biotheoretica (1999), 47(1), 67-77

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See detailLes transferts post-mortem : réinterprétation symbolique du lieu d’enterrement dans un contexte de mobilité des populations
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Espaces et Sociétés (Paris, France) (1999), 99

This article is the result of the study of 10.000 burial certificates. It analyses the movement of corpses in an urban region which houses 510.000 peoples and tends to explain the motivation of cemetery ... [more ▼]

This article is the result of the study of 10.000 burial certificates. It analyses the movement of corpses in an urban region which houses 510.000 peoples and tends to explain the motivation of cemetery choice. It underlines the connections between post-mortem mobility, the different levels of population mobility and culture. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of intracellular and extracellular particles of the vaccinia virus
Vanderplasschen, Alain ULg

in Bulletin et Mémoires de l'Académie Royale de Médecine de Belgique (1999), 154

The construction of recombinant vaccinia viruses (VV) is definitely a promising approach to develop vaccines for pets. To produce safer VV recombinant vaccines, it is necessary to understand the ... [more ▼]

The construction of recombinant vaccinia viruses (VV) is definitely a promising approach to develop vaccines for pets. To produce safer VV recombinant vaccines, it is necessary to understand the pathogenesis of VV infection. The goal of this study was to compare the biological properties of the extracellular and intracellular infectious particles of VV. Four biological properties were investigated: (i) the binding into cellular receptor(s); (ii) the mechanism of entry; (iii) the resistance to neutralisation by antibodies; (iv) the resistance to complement lysis. The results obtained in this study emphasize the differences existing between the two infectious forms of VV and demonstrate the adaptation of the extracellular particle to its role of virus dissemination in vivo. The results of this study implicate that VV strains used as expression vector in vaccinology should be deleted for genes required for EEV morphogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailThe crystal structure of triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) from Thermotoga maritima: a comparative thermostability structural analysis of ten different TIM structures
Maes, Dominique; Zeelen, Johan P.; Thanki, Narmada et al

in Proteins (1999), 37(3), 441-53

The molecular mechanisms that evolution has been employing to adapt to environmental temperatures are poorly understood. To gain some further insight into this subject we solved the crystal structure of ... [more ▼]

The molecular mechanisms that evolution has been employing to adapt to environmental temperatures are poorly understood. To gain some further insight into this subject we solved the crystal structure of triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) from the hyperthermophilic bacterium Thermotoga maritima (TmTIM). The enzyme is a tetramer, assembled as a dimer of dimers, suggesting that the tetrameric wild-type phosphoglycerate kinase PGK-TIM fusion protein consists of a core of two TIM dimers covalently linked to 4 PGK units. The crystal structure of TmTIM represents the most thermostable TIM presently known in its 3D-structure. It adds to a series of nine known TIM structures from a wide variety of organisms, spanning the range from psychrophiles to hyperthermophiles. Several properties believed to be involved in the adaptation to different temperatures were calculated and compared for all ten structures. No sequence preferences, correlated with thermal stability, were apparent from the amino acid composition or from the analysis of the loops and secondary structure elements of the ten TIMs. A common feature for both psychrophilic and T. maritima TIM is the large number of salt bridges compared with the number found in mesophilic TIMs. In the two thermophilic TIMs, the highest amount of accessible hydrophobic surface is buried during the folding and assembly process. [less ▲]

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See detailSteroid sensitive sites in the avian brain: does the distribution of the estrogen receptor alpha and beta types provide insight into their function?
Ball, G. F.; Bernard, D. J.; Foidart, Agnès ULg et al

in Brain, Behavior & Evolution (1999), 54

Studies in avian species have often been useful in elucidating basic concepts relevant to the regulation of reproductive behaviors by sex steroid hormones. Once a link between a steroid hormone and a ... [more ▼]

Studies in avian species have often been useful in elucidating basic concepts relevant to the regulation of reproductive behaviors by sex steroid hormones. Once a link between a steroid hormone and a behavioral response has been established, one can use the localization of steroid hormone receptors in the brain to facilitate the identification of neural circuits that control behavior. The recent identification of a second type of estrogen receptor called estrogen receptor beta or ERbeta has raised new issues about the action of steroid hormones in the brain. A hypothesis has been proposed by Kuiper et al. [1998] based on studies in mammalian species suggesting that ERalpha (the name given to the ER that was previously described) is important for reproduction while ERbeta is more important for non-reproductive functions. In this paper we apply this hypothesis more generally by examining possible functions of ERbeta in avian species. We have initiated studies of the ERbeta in the brain of two avian species, the Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) and the European starling (Sturnus vulgaris). ERbeta was cloned in both species and the mRNA for this receptor type was localized in the brain employing in situ hybridization histochemistry methods. In both species ERbeta was found to be diffusely present in telencephalic areas consistent with a role for this receptor subtype in cognitive functions. However, ERbeta mRNA was also found in many brain areas that are traditionally thought to be important in the regulation of reproductive functions such as the preoptic region, the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and the nucleus taeniae. Of the two receptor types, only mRNA for ERalpha was observed in the telencephalic vocal control nucleus HVc of male starlings. Steroid receptors in this nucleus are thought to be an example of an evolutionary specialization that has evolved to coordinate the production of courtship vocalizations with other aspects of reproduction. The lack of ERbeta mRNA expression in HVc is consistent with the hypothesis that ERalpha is preferentially involved in reproductive behaviors while ERbeta is involved in the steroid regulation of other neural functions. However, the widespread occurrence of ERbeta in other nuclei involved in reproductive function suggests that one must be cautious about the general applicability of the above hypothesis until more is known about ERbeta function in these other nuclei [less ▲]

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See detailA scintigraphic study of post-massage blood flow in human lower limb
Vanderthommen, Marc ULg; Depresseux, J.C.; Dauchat, L. et al

in European Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (1999), 8(6), 159-162

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See detailL' "epidemie" des maladies metaboliques, un probleme majeur de sante publique.
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1999), 54(2), 87-94

The industrialized world is confronted to a real epidemic of metabolic diseases triggered by overeating and sedentarity. Obesity, hypercholesterolaemia, diabetes mellitus and the metabolic syndrome ... [more ▼]

The industrialized world is confronted to a real epidemic of metabolic diseases triggered by overeating and sedentarity. Obesity, hypercholesterolaemia, diabetes mellitus and the metabolic syndrome associated to insulin resistance are well-known cardiovascular risk factors which all contribute to increase both morbidity and mortality, to alter the quality of life and to markedly increase the budget of the social security. Preventive measures should be taken urgently in order to correct such a dangerous trend for the public health. [less ▲]

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See detailKarst dans les évaporites : marqueur efficace des événements récents. L’exemple du Mont Sédom (Israel)
Hallot, Eric ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (1999), 37

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See detailThe effects of training on ventilation and blood gases in exercising Thoroughbreds
Roberts, C. A.; Marlin, D. J.; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (1999), 30

The effects of training on ventilation and blood gases during exercise were investigated in 6 clinically normal, detrained Thoroughbred horses. They underwent a 16 week training programme similar to the ... [more ▼]

The effects of training on ventilation and blood gases during exercise were investigated in 6 clinically normal, detrained Thoroughbred horses. They underwent a 16 week training programme similar to the type frequently used for Thoroughbred racehorses in Great Britain. Standardized treadmill exercise tests (2 min canter at 8 and 10 m/s C8 and C10[ and 2 min gallop at 12 m/s [G12], on a level surface) were performed prior to and after 16 weeks of training. Respiratory flow rates were measured using ultrasound flow transducers. Blood samples were drawn from a transverse facial artery and the right atrium. Minute ventilation, respiratory frequency and tidal volume were not significantly altered by training. Peak inspiratory flow rate was lower following training at 8 and 10 m/s, but not at 12 m/s. Arterial oxygen tension was decreased during trot and canter following training. Blood lactate concentration post G12 decreased following training (10.5 +/- 2.2 mmol/l vs. 7.7 +/- 2.2 mmol/l; P < 0.05). The increase in the degree of exercise-induced arterial hypoxaemia following training may reflect a lack of pulmonary adaptation to training in the face of improved cardiovascular and muscular function. [less ▲]

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See detailOn-line Cough Recognizer System
Van Hirtum, Annemie; Aerts, Jean-Marie; Berckmans, Daniel et al

in Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (1999), 106(4:2), 2191

Until now the intelligent, controlled, and automated use of acoustic bio-responses in cattle houses as indicators of animal condition has been limited to human perception. Although the appearance of ... [more ▼]

Until now the intelligent, controlled, and automated use of acoustic bio-responses in cattle houses as indicators of animal condition has been limited to human perception. Although the appearance of coughing, sneezing, etc., may point to an environmental deficiency in the animal habitat or the presence of diseases amoung the cattle, in order to use this kind of acoustic information as a bio-response signal in practice it is necessary to develop a simple on-line algorithm. In this paper an on-line registration technique for pig coughing is presented. The application of a distance function to a spectral sound analysis allows us to distinguish coughing from other animal and environmental sounds like metal clanging, grunting, noise, etc. The sound database was collected on a group of six healthy animals [less ▲]

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See detailPharma-clinics le medicament du mois. Le naratriptan (naramig).
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1999), 54(3), 189-91

Naratriptan, launched by Glaxo Wellcome under the trade name Naramig, is a potent and selective agonist of 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D vascular receptors. Available as tablets of 2.5 mg, it is indicated in the ... [more ▼]

Naratriptan, launched by Glaxo Wellcome under the trade name Naramig, is a potent and selective agonist of 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D vascular receptors. Available as tablets of 2.5 mg, it is indicated in the acute treatment of migraine, with or without aura. A single oral dose of 2.5 mg naratriptan is characterized by a satisfactory clinical efficacy (already significant after one hour, maximum after 4 hours and persisting during 24 hours), a reduction by half of the recurrence of the migraine crisis within the 24 hours and an excellent tolerance profile. [less ▲]

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See detailMedicaments et grossesse.
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1999), 54(5), 409-14

Since the dramatic observations of fetal abnormalities associated to thalidomide use during pregnancy, the risk of malformations when prescribing drugs in pregnant women is a well-known problem, among the ... [more ▼]

Since the dramatic observations of fetal abnormalities associated to thalidomide use during pregnancy, the risk of malformations when prescribing drugs in pregnant women is a well-known problem, among the public as well as among medical doctors. However, the complexity of the problem, the lack of robust scientific data and the emotional context characterizing this period make the prescription of medications to a pregnant woman a difficult task for every people involved in health care, the pharmacist, the general practitioner and even the gynaecologist. [less ▲]

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See detailRadio-oncologie et radiothérapie. Confirmation de l'efficacité des radiations ionisantes en oncologie, et renouveau de leur intérêt dans les affections non oncologiques : Acquisitions thérapeutiques 1998
OZSAHIN; MIRIMANOFF; PICA, A et al

in Médecine et Hygiène (1999), 54(2238), 100-111

En 1998, plusieurs études ont clarifié ou confirmé l'effet positif de la radiothérapie dans le cancer du sein in situ, dans différents types de lymphomes non hodgkinien et hodgkinien, et dans le cancer ... [more ▼]

En 1998, plusieurs études ont clarifié ou confirmé l'effet positif de la radiothérapie dans le cancer du sein in situ, dans différents types de lymphomes non hodgkinien et hodgkinien, et dans le cancer bronchique à petites cellules. Deux métaanalyses par contre semblent remettre en cause la radiothérapie, dans la maladie de Hodgkin de stade avancé et dans l'approche postopératoire du cancer ronchique à non petites cellules. Ces méta-analyses comportent toutefois d'importantes faiblesses et doivent être interprétées de façon critique. Dans le domaine technique de la radio-oncologie, les progrès spectaculaires de la planification assistée par ordinateur et l'intégration de l'imagerie IRM peuvent maintenant s'appliquer aussi à la curiethérapie. Enfin, la radiothéraple dans les affections non oncologiques suscite un nouvel intérêt, comme par exemple la curiethérapie intracoronarienne, un traitement prometteur pour prévenir la resténose coronarienne. [less ▲]

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See detailIndices d'aptitude des procédés de production
Palm, Rodolphe ULg

in Notes de Statistique et d'Informatique (1999), (5), 26

This note describes the main process capability indices and presents some inferential porperties. A numerical example is analysed by Minitab and SAS softwares.

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See detailTraitement de l'hyperlipidemie combinee: fibrate ou/et statine?
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1999), 54(7), 583-7

Combined hyperlipidaemia, associating hypercholesterolaemia and hypertriglyceridaemia, is a common metabolic disorder with a prevalence of about 1/500. It has a genetic background, but its phenotype is ... [more ▼]

Combined hyperlipidaemia, associating hypercholesterolaemia and hypertriglyceridaemia, is a common metabolic disorder with a prevalence of about 1/500. It has a genetic background, but its phenotype is triggered by various predisposing factors such as obesity, type 2 diabetes and alcohol consumption. Combined hyperlipidaemia is undoubtedly associated with an increased cardiovascular risk and thus deserves specific management. After diet failure, the first drug choice remains controversial. Indeed, fibrates are more active on hypertriglyceridaemia while statins are more active on hypercholesterolaemia (LDL subfraction). Both pharmacological classes have their advantages and disadvantages, and there is no prospective study comparing the cardiovascular protective efficacy of these two treatments in patients with such dyslipidemia. Furthermore, monotherapy is generally incapable of normalizing the lipid profile in the presence of severe combined hyperlipidaemia. Ideally, a statin-fibrate combination would be most appropriate in order to act on the two components of such hyperlipidaemia and to benefit of the complementary and additive action of the two pharmacological classes. Such association is still contra-indicated because of the description of some cases of rhabdomyolysis is high risk patients; however, it now deserves much interest and is currently being tested in large prospective studies, especially in the population with type 2 diabetes. [less ▲]

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See detailHousekeeping Genes as Internal Standards: Use and Limits
Thellin, Olivier ULg; Zorzi, Willy ULg; Lakaye, Bernard ULg et al

in Journal of Biotechnology (1999), 75(2-3), 291-5

Quantitative studies are commonly realised in the biomedical research to compare RNA expression in different experimental or clinical conditions. These quantifications are performed through their ... [more ▼]

Quantitative studies are commonly realised in the biomedical research to compare RNA expression in different experimental or clinical conditions. These quantifications are performed through their comparison to the expression of the housekeeping gene transcripts like glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH), albumin, actins, tubulins, cyclophilin, hypoxantine phsophoribosyltransferase (HRPT), L32. 28S, and 18S rRNAs are also used as internal standards. In this paper, it is recalled that the commonly used internal standards can quantitatively vary in response to various factors. Possible variations are illustrated using three experimental examples. Preferred types of internal standards are then proposed for each of these samples and thereafter the general procedure concerning the choice of an internal standard and the way to manage its uses are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailDerived Limits in Quasi-Abelian Categories
Prosmans, Fabienne ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège (1999), 68(5-6), 335-401

We study the derived functors of projective limit functors in quasi-abelian categories.

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See detailComment j'explore ... un sujet avec un exces ponderal ou une obesite.
Scheen, André ULg; Luyckx, Françoise ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1999), 54(6), 553-6

The evaluation of an obese subject aims at better understanding the disease, its causes and consequences, in order to optimize its management. Schematically, this task can be done in three successive ... [more ▼]

The evaluation of an obese subject aims at better understanding the disease, its causes and consequences, in order to optimize its management. Schematically, this task can be done in three successive steps. First, it is necessary to analyse data from the past, by asking about family and personal history. Then, the present data should be carefully analysed, especially the severity of overweight, its type of distribution and the importance of associated complications. Finally, it is mandatory to project these data into the future, in order to assess the final prognosis of the obese patient allowing a better definition of the goals and the therapeutical strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailLes etudes cliniques controlees, support incontournable de la medecine basee sur l'evidence.
Scheen, André ULg; Kulbertus, Henri ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1999), 54(1), 1

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See detailPosterior epidural migration of sequestered lumbar disc fragments. Report of two cases.
Robe, Pierre ULg; Martin, Didier ULg; Lenelle, Jacques ULg et al

in Journal of Neurosurgery (1999), 90(2 Suppl), 264-6

The posterior epidural migration of sequestered lumbar disc fragments is an uncommon event. The authors report two such cases in which patients presented with either intense radicular pain or cauda equina ... [more ▼]

The posterior epidural migration of sequestered lumbar disc fragments is an uncommon event. The authors report two such cases in which patients presented with either intense radicular pain or cauda equina syndrome. The radiological characteristics were the posterior epidural location and the ring enhancement of the mass after injection of contrast material. The major diagnostic pitfalls are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailComment j'explore ... le controle glycemique des patients diabetiques a domicile.
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1999), 54(11), 893-7

Self blood glucose monitoring is now a key element in the management of diabetic patients. However, in order to improve overall blood glucose control, self-monitoring should lead to self-management. This ... [more ▼]

Self blood glucose monitoring is now a key element in the management of diabetic patients. However, in order to improve overall blood glucose control, self-monitoring should lead to self-management. This implies that the patient modifies his/her behaviour (diet, exercise, oral antidiabetic agents, insulin doses) to ameliorate the metabolic status according to his/her blood glucose measurements. While the place of home blood glucose monitoring is rather well defined in type 1 diabetes, it remains more controversial in type 2 diabetes. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluer et rééduquer les difficultés morpho-syntaxiques chez le jeune enfant : Du geste au langage
Comblain, Annick ULg

in Bulletin d'Audiophonologie (1999), 15(2), 223-236

L’acquisition du langage est, pour la majorité des enfants, rapide et harmonieuse. Entre l’apparition des premiers mots conventionnels et la maîtrise des structures syntaxiques de la lange maternelle, une ... [more ▼]

L’acquisition du langage est, pour la majorité des enfants, rapide et harmonieuse. Entre l’apparition des premiers mots conventionnels et la maîtrise des structures syntaxiques de la lange maternelle, une petite dizaine d’années s’écoulent. Pour 7 à 8 % des enfants, le langage va se développer plus lentement et plus laborieusement et pour 1%, le retard sera sévère et persistant en dehors de toute prise en charge logopédique spécifique. Chez ces enfants en difficultés d’apprentissage du langage, les aspects morphosyntaxiques de la langue restent une difficulté majeure et une pierre d’achoppement non négligeable dans le processus de rééducation. Il est donc crucial dans une démarche d’évaluation du langage d’évaluer cette composante langagière de manière complète et précise de manière à, d’une part poser un diagnostic fiable et quantifier l’ampleur du retard et des troubles de développement, et, d’autre part, à fixer avec le plus d’exactitude et de minutie possible les objectifs d’une rééducation. [less ▲]

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See detailUpdates in CT and MRI : the elbows
Snaps, Frédéric ULg; Reichle, J.

in Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice (1999), 14(3), 177-186

Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are noninvasive methods of imaging the canine cubital joint. CT images are typically acquired using contiguous 1-mm slices, a bone ... [more ▼]

Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are noninvasive methods of imaging the canine cubital joint. CT images are typically acquired using contiguous 1-mm slices, a bone reconstruction algorithm, and a field of view large enough to scan both elbows simultaneously. CT provides a detailed assessment of the medial coronoid process (MCP), radial incisure, anconeal process, and trochlear notch of the ulna; the humeral condyle; joint congruity; and osteoarthrosis. With MRI, use of a surface coil and 3D Fourier transformation gradient echo fast imaging sequences allow contiguous thin slices to be obtained. Both imaging techniques appear to be highly effective in the evaluation of elbow dysplasia, particularly for the detection of MCP fragmentation, although MRI is superior to CT for identifying nonmineralized cartilaginous fragments. [less ▲]

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See detailHypnosis with conscious sedation instead of general anaesthesia? Applications in cervical endocrine surgery.
Meurisse, Michel ULg; Defechereux, Thierry ULg; Hamoir, Etienne ULg et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (1999), 99(4), 151-8

Between April 1994 and June 1997, 197 thyroidectomies and 21 cervical explorations for hyperparathyroidism were performed under hypnosedation (HYP) and compared to the operative data and postoperative ... [more ▼]

Between April 1994 and June 1997, 197 thyroidectomies and 21 cervical explorations for hyperparathyroidism were performed under hypnosedation (HYP) and compared to the operative data and postoperative courses of a closely-matched population (n = 121) of patients operated on under general anaesthesia (GA). Conversion from hypnosis to GA was needed in two cases (1%). All surgeons reported better operating conditions for cervicotomy using HYP. All patients having HYP reported a very pleasant experience and had significantly less postoperative pain while analgesic use was significantly reduced in this group. Hospital stay was also significantly shorter, providing a substantial reduction of the medical care costs. The postoperative convalescence was significantly improved after HYP and full return to social or professional activity was significantly shortened. We conclude that HYP is a very efficient technique providing physiological, psychological and economic benefits to the patient. [less ▲]

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See detailEstablished postmenopausal osteoporosis – Assessment of treatment options
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Halkin, V.; Fraikin, G. et al

in Menopause Review (1999), 1(IV), 39-55

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See detailSingle motor unit H reflexes recorded in thenar muscles at rest.
Wang, François-Charles ULg; Delwaide, Paul ULg

in Muscle & nerve (1999), 22(2), 291-2

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See detailThe Development of a methodology to measure fearfullness in horses. Waltham Symposium "The role of the horse in Europe"
Vierin, M.; Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Bouissou, Marie-France et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (1999), 28

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See detailL’importance de l’emploi dans le secteur non marchand
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg; Marée, Michel ULg

in Non Marchand : Management, Droit et Finance (1999), (4), 11-27

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See detailPharma-clinics. Le medicament du mois. L'aceclofenac (Biofenac).
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1999), 54(1), 62-4

Aceclofenac, a phenylacetic acid derivative, is a new nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It is indicated in the symptomatic treatment of pain and inflammatory or degenerative arthropathies ... [more ▼]

Aceclofenac, a phenylacetic acid derivative, is a new nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It is indicated in the symptomatic treatment of pain and inflammatory or degenerative arthropathies: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, abarticular inflammations, posttrauma or postoperative inflammations. The usual oral dosage of aceclofenac is 100 mg twice daily in adults. Its clinical efficacy seems to be similar to that of other NSAIDs, but its safety profile, especially gastro-intestinal tolerance, appears to be better. Finally, in vitro studies suggested that aceclofenac may exert positive effect on cartilage matrix metabolism. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerische Modellierung von Tragwerken unter Brandeinwirkung
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Stahlbau (1999), 68(6), 421-428

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See detailThe ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase inhibitor (E)-2'-Deoxy-(fluoromethylene) cytidine, acts as a cytotoxic radiosensitizer on human cancer cell lines in vitro.
Coucke, Philippe ULg; Decosterd, L-A; Li, Y-X et al

in Cancer Research (1999), 59

ABSTRACT (E)-2*-Deoxy-(fluoromethylene)cytidine (FMdC) is known as an inhibitor of ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase, a key enzyme in the de novo pathway of DNA synthesis. FMdC was tested as a modifier ... [more ▼]

ABSTRACT (E)-2*-Deoxy-(fluoromethylene)cytidine (FMdC) is known as an inhibitor of ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase, a key enzyme in the de novo pathway of DNA synthesis. FMdC was tested as a modifier of radiation response in vitro on a human colon carcinoma cell line (WiDr), and the observed radiosensitization was confirmed on two human cervix cancer cell lines (C33-A and SiHa). Using the clonogenic assay, the effect ratio (ER) at a clinically relevant dose level of 2 Gy was 2.10 (50 nM FMdC), 1.70 (30 nM FMdC), and 1.71 (40 nM FMdC) for the three cell lines WiDr, C33-A, and SiHa, respectively. A more detailed analysis of the importance of timing and concentration of FMdC was done on the WiDr cell line alone, yielding an increased ER(2Gy) with increasing concentration and duration of exposure to the drug, ranging from 1.0 (6 h) to 1.8 (72 h) at 30 nM FMdC and from 1.2 (6 h) to 3.5 (24 h) at 300 nM. We investigated the effect of FMdC on the cellular deoxynucleotide triphosphate pool in WiDr cells and demonstrated a marked depletion of dATP and a significant rise of TTP levels. Cell cycle analysis showed early S-phase accumulation induced by FMdC alone, G2-M block induced by irradiation alone, and an increased accumulation of cells in G2-M if both modalities are used. Our data suggest that FMdC is a radiation response modifier in vitro on different cancer cell lines. The observed radiosensitization may in part be explained by alteration of the deoxynucleotide triphosphate pool, which is consistent with the effect of FMdC on ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase. [less ▲]

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See detailPLENA and FARINELLI: redundancy and regulatory interactions between two Antirrhinum MADS-box factors controlling flower development.
Davies, B.; Motte, Patrick ULg; Keck, E. et al

in EMBO Journal (1999), 18(14), 4023-34

We report the discovery of an Antirrhinum MADS-box gene, FARINELLI (FAR), and the isolation of far mutants by a reverse genetic screen. Despite striking similarities between FAR and the class C MADS-box ... [more ▼]

We report the discovery of an Antirrhinum MADS-box gene, FARINELLI (FAR), and the isolation of far mutants by a reverse genetic screen. Despite striking similarities between FAR and the class C MADS-box gene PLENA (PLE), the phenotypes of their respective mutants are dramatically different. Unlike ple mutants, which show homeotic conversion of reproductive organs to perianth organs and a loss of floral determinacy, far mutants have normal flowers which are partially male-sterile. Expression studies of PLE and FAR, in wild-type and mutant backgrounds, show complex interactions between the two genes. Double mutant analysis reveals an unexpected, redundant negative control over the B-function MADS-box genes. This feature of the two Antirrhinum C-function-like genes is markedly different from the control of the inner boundary of the B-function expression domain in Arabidopsis, and we propose and discuss a model to account for these differences. The difference in phenotypes of mutants in two highly related genes illustrates the importance of the position within the regulatory network in determining gene function. [less ▲]

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See detailParticularités de la contraction électro-induite : implications rééducatives
Vanderthommen, Marc ULg; Zahlan, O.; BAUVIR, Philippe ULg et al

in Kine 2000 (1999), 10

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See detailQuête de reliques en Sardaigne pour le prieuré Saint-Léonard de Liège (1642-1650)
George, Philippe ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Royale Le Vieux-Liège (1999)

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See detailA novel approach to the study of familial influences on evoked cortical responses in migraine.
Schoenen, Jean ULg; Sandor, P. S.

in Cephalalgia : An International Journal of Headache (1999), 19 Suppl 24

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)