References of "Article"      in Complete repository Arts & humanities   Archaeology   Art & art history   Classical & oriental studies   History   Languages & linguistics   Literature   Performing arts   Philosophy & ethics   Religion & theology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Business & economic sciences   Accounting & auditing   Production, distribution & supply chain management   Finance   General management & organizational theory   Human resources management   Management information systems   Marketing   Strategy & innovation   Quantitative methods in economics & management   General economics & history of economic thought   International economics   Macroeconomics & monetary economics   Microeconomics   Economic systems & public economics   Social economics   Special economic topics (health, labor, transportation…)   Multidisciplinary, general & others Engineering, computing & technology   Aerospace & aeronautics engineering   Architecture   Chemical engineering   Civil engineering   Computer science   Electrical & electronics engineering   Energy   Geological, petroleum & mining engineering   Materials science & engineering   Mechanical engineering   Multidisciplinary, general & others Human health sciences   Alternative medicine   Anesthesia & intensive care   Cardiovascular & respiratory systems   Dentistry & oral medicine   Dermatology   Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition   Forensic medicine   Gastroenterology & hepatology   General & internal medicine   Geriatrics   Hematology   Immunology & infectious disease   Laboratory medicine & medical technology   Neurology   Oncology   Ophthalmology   Orthopedics, rehabilitation & sports medicine   Otolaryngology   Pediatrics   Pharmacy, pharmacology & toxicology   Psychiatry   Public health, health care sciences & services   Radiology, nuclear medicine & imaging   Reproductive medicine (gynecology, andrology, obstetrics)   Rheumatology   Surgery   Urology & nephrology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Law, criminology & political science   Civil law   Criminal law & procedure   Criminology   Economic & commercial law   European & international law   Judicial law   Metalaw, Roman law, history of law & comparative law   Political science, public administration & international relations   Public law   Social law   Tax law   Multidisciplinary, general & others Life sciences   Agriculture & agronomy   Anatomy (cytology, histology, embryology...) & physiology   Animal production & animal husbandry   Aquatic sciences & oceanology   Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology   Biotechnology   Entomology & pest control   Environmental sciences & ecology   Food science   Genetics & genetic processes   Microbiology   Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)   Veterinary medicine & animal health   Zoology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences   Chemistry   Earth sciences & physical geography   Mathematics   Physics   Space science, astronomy & astrophysics   Multidisciplinary, general & others Social & behavioral sciences, psychology   Animal psychology, ethology & psychobiology   Anthropology   Communication & mass media   Education & instruction   Human geography & demography   Library & information sciences   Neurosciences & behavior   Regional & inter-regional studies   Social work & social policy   Sociology & social sciences   Social, industrial & organizational psychology   Theoretical & cognitive psychology   Treatment & clinical psychology   Multidisciplinary, general & others     Showing results 201 to 300 of 53931     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8     Cell-free spent media obtained from Bifidobacterium bifidum and Bifidobacterium crudilactis grown in media supplemented with 3’-sialyllactose modulate virulence gene expression in Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella TyphimuriumBondue, Pauline ; Crevecoeur, Sébastien ; Brose, François et alin Frontiers in Microbiology (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 24 (7 ULg) Arrêts sur images – usages et pratiques du photogrammeThonon, Jonathan in MethIS : Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (in press)Le photogramme est, au cinéma, la plus petite unité de prise de vue. Image fixe, unité élémentaire du film, le photogramme forme la cellule figée d’un mouvement qui se reconstitue sous l’effet d’un ... [more ▼]Le photogramme est, au cinéma, la plus petite unité de prise de vue. Image fixe, unité élémentaire du film, le photogramme forme la cellule figée d’un mouvement qui se reconstitue sous l’effet d’un défilement réglé (24 photogrammes/seconde) par le dispositif technique du cinéma. Image paradoxale en ce qu’elle reste invisible au spectateur malgré sa force iconique, le photogramme trouve cependant, dans le flux qui le conduit insensiblement à la disparition, certaines zones de visibilité qui en révèlent le caractère à la fois fragile et intensif. Nous allons donc envisager certaines pratiques ou certains usages du photogramme cinématographique, tout en essayant de dégager, au départ de ces pratiques, les éléments d’une théorie du photogramme, que Roland Barthes et Sylvie Pierre appelaient déjà de leurs vœux. Des protos-photogrammes et de leur usage scientifique chez Muybridge et Marey, aux usages artistiques contemporains, en passant par des pratiques publicitaires, promotionnelles ou analytiques, nous allons voir que le photogramme reste un objet singulier. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 108 (8 ULg) Increasing the salience of fluency cues does not reduce the recognition memory impairment in Alzheimer’s disease!Simon, Jessica ; Bastin, Christine ; SALMON, Eric et alin Journal of Neuropsychology (in press)In Alzheimer’s disease (AD), it is now well established that recollection is impaired from the beginning of the disease, whereas findings are less clear concerning familiarity. One of the most important ... [more ▼]In Alzheimer’s disease (AD), it is now well established that recollection is impaired from the beginning of the disease, whereas findings are less clear concerning familiarity. One of the most important mechanisms underlying familiarity is the sense of familiarity driven by processing fluency. In this study, we attempted to attenuate recognition memory deficits in AD by maximizing the salience of fluency cues in two conditions of a recognition memory task. In one condition, targets and foils have been created from the same pool of letters (Overlap condition). In a second condition, targets and foils have been derived from two separate pools of letters (No-Overlap condition), promoting the use of letter-driven visual and phonetic fluency. Targets and foils were low-frequency words. The memory tasks were performed by 15 patients with AD and 16 healthy controls. Both groups improved their memory performance in the No-Overlap condition compared to the Overlap condition. Patients with AD were able to use fluency cues during recognition memory as older adults did, but this did not allow to compensate for dysfunction of recognition memory processes. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 28 (9 ULg) Discovery and pharmacological characterization of succinate receptor (SUCNR1/GPR91) agonistsGeubelle, Pierre ; Gilissen, Julie; Dilly, Sebastien et alin British Journal of Pharmacology (in press)Background and Purpose The succinate receptor (SUCNR1 or GPR91) has been described as a metabolic sensor that may be involved in homeostasis. Notwithstanding its implication in important (patho ... [more ▼]Background and Purpose The succinate receptor (SUCNR1 or GPR91) has been described as a metabolic sensor that may be involved in homeostasis. Notwithstanding its implication in important (patho)physiological processes, the function of SUCNR1 has remained elusive because no pharmacological tools were available. We report on the discovery of the first family of synthetic potent agonists. Experimental Approach We screened a library of succinate analogues and analysed their activity on SUCNR1. In addition, we modelled a pharmacophore and a binding site for the receptor. New agonists were identified based on the information provided by these two approaches. Their activity was studied in various bioassays, including measurement of cAMP levels, [Ca2+]i mobilisation, TGF-α shedding and recruitment of arrestin 3. The in vivo impact of SUCNR1 activation by these new agonists was evaluated on rat blood pressure. Key Results We identified cis-epoxysuccinic acid and cis-1,2-cyclopropanedicarboxylic acid as agonists with an efficacy similar to the one of succinic acid. Interestingly, cis-epoxysuccinic acid was characterized by a 10 to 20 fold higher potency than succinate on the receptor. For example, cis-epoxysuccinic acid reduced cAMP levels with a pEC50 = 5.57 ± 0.02 (EC50 = 2.7 μM) as compared to succinate pEC50 = 4.54 ± 0.08 (EC50 = 29 μM). The rank order of potency of the three agonists was the same in all bioassays tested. In vivo, cis-epoxysuccinic and cis-1,2-cyclopropanedicarboxylic acid increased rat blood pressure to the same extent as succinate did. Conclusions and Implications We provide new agonist tools for SUCNR1 that should facilitate further research on this understudied receptor. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULg) A Theory of Soft CaptureAgrell, Per; Gautier, Axel in Scandinavian Journal of Economics (in press)n this paper, wee propose a model for regulatory capture that is based on information transmission and asymmetric information. In a three-tier model, a regulator is charged by a political principal to ... [more ▼]n this paper, wee propose a model for regulatory capture that is based on information transmission and asymmetric information. In a three-tier model, a regulator is charged by a political principal to provide a signal for the type of a regulated firm. Only the firm can observe his type and the production of a correlated signal with a given accuracy is costly for the regulator. The firm can costlessly provide an alternative signal of lower accuracy that is presented to the regulator. In a self-enforcing equilibrium, the regulator transmits the firm-produced signal, internalizes its own savings in information cost and the firm enjoys higher information rents. The main feature of soft capture is that it is not based on a reciprocity of favors but on a congruence of interests between the firm and the regulator. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 78 (18 ULg) Distances between nested densities and a measure of the impact of the prior in Bayesian statisticsLey, Christophe; Reinert, Gesine; Swan, Yvik in Annals of Applied Probability (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 31 (1 ULg) Financer des flottes de guerre. Administrations et usages français à l’époque du Grand Schisme d’OccidentMasson, Christophe in Revue d'Histoire Maritime (in press), XXIIDetailed reference viewed: 31 (6 ULg) Fungal biofilm reactor improves the productivity of hydrophobin HFBIIKhalesi, Mohammadreza; Zune, Quentin ; Telek, Samuel et alin Biochemical Engineering Journal (in press)Production and purification of hydrophobin HFBII has recently been the subject of intensive research, but the yield of production needs to be further improved for a generic use of this molecule at ... [more ▼]Production and purification of hydrophobin HFBII has recently been the subject of intensive research, but the yield of production needs to be further improved for a generic use of this molecule at industrial scale. In a first step, the influence of different carbon sources on the growth of Trichoderma reesei and the production of HFBII was investigated. The optimum productivity was obtained by using 40 g/L lactose. Carbon starvation and excretion of extracellular enzyme were determined as two main conditions for the production of HFBII. In the second phase, and according to the physiological mechanisms observed during the screening phase, a bioreactor set up has been designed and two modes of cultures have been investigated, i.e. the classical submerged fermentation and a fungal biofilm reactor. In this last set-up, the broth is continuously recirculated on a metal packing exhibiting a high specific surface. In this case, the fungal biomass was mainly attached to the metal packing, leading to a simplification of downstream processing scheme. More importantly, the HFBII concentration increased up to 48.6 ± 6.2 mg/L which was 1.8 times higher in this reactor configuration and faster than the submerged culture. X-ray tomography analysis shows that the biofilm overgrowth occurs when successive cultures are performed on the same packing. However, this phenomenon has no significant influence on the yield of HFBII, suggesting that this process could be operated in continuous mode. Protein hydrolysis during stationary phase was observed by MALDI-TOF analysis according to the removal of the last amino acid from the structure of HFBII after 48 h from the beginning of fermentation in biofilm reactor. Hopefully this modification does not lead to alternation of the main physicochemical properties of HFBII. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 174 (54 ULg) Occurrence of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Río Negro Estuary, Argentina, and their mid-distance movements along the Northeast Patagonian coastFailla, Mauricio; Seijas, Veronica; Vermeulen, Els in Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals (in press)A systematic study on the presence of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Río Negro Estuary (RNE), Patagonia Argentina, was carried out between the months March – July from 2008 to 2011. Data ... [more ▼]A systematic study on the presence of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Río Negro Estuary (RNE), Patagonia Argentina, was carried out between the months March – July from 2008 to 2011. Data on the dolphin’s activity patterns were gathered via an Ad Libitum focal group sampling mode accompanying dorsal fin images taken for identification and re-identification of individuals. A total effort of 188 h resulted in 58 h of positive observation of 124 dolphin groups (sightings per unit effort (SPUE) = 0.66 groups/h). Data analysis showed two main activity states for the observed groups, travelling (65%) and foraging (26%). The remaining 9% of the groups were involved in other activity states. The photo-identification effort, which started opportunistically in 2006, resulted in a catalogue of 21 individual dolphins, with a total mean re-identification rate of 9 days (max = 24 days). When comparing these pictures to the existing catalogue of Bahía San Antonio (approximately 200 km west from the study area) dorsal fins of 20 individuals could be positively matched and most (n = 17) could be subsequently re-identified in both areas, indicating their long distance movements along the North Patagonian coast during the austral autumn months. This season coincides with the lowest amount of feeding activity observed in Bahía San Antonio. This study suggests that bottlenose dolphins enter RNE, mainly during autumn, to forage. It appears that the search for food resources may be the trigger for their movement patterns along the North Patagonian coast during this season, at least for certain individuals. More research is needed to accurately confirm this hypothesis. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 39 (5 ULg) Surface Modification of Powder Metallurgy Titanium by Colloidal Techniques and Diffusion Processes for Biomedical ApplicationsUreña, Julia; Mendoza Gallego, Carlos ; Ferrari, Begoña et alin Advanced Engineering Materials (in press)This contribution focuses on modifying the composition and surface characteristics of powder metallurgy titanium substrates to improve their wear resistance and to reduce the surface Younǵs modulus, while ... [more ▼]This contribution focuses on modifying the composition and surface characteristics of powder metallurgy titanium substrates to improve their wear resistance and to reduce the surface Younǵs modulus, while maintaining the corrosion resistance and biocompatibility. The modification consists of Mo and TiN coatings produced by colloidal techniques which are deposited by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) or spraying onto green or sintered titanium substrates. The final surface structures are formed during a heat treatment, during which diffusion and consolidation of the layers take place. The surfaces are characterised by XRD, SEM, and micro-indentation; showing diffusion areas of between 40 and 85 microns with clear microstructural changes as well as higher hardness values. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 27 (10 ULg) Can electoral inequalities be legally justified?Bouhon, Frédéric in European Review of Public Law (in press), 2016(Automn), In light of the principle of equality, German, Belgian and British election law contain some legal rules that tend to distribute the faculty to influence the composition of the elected assemblies equally ... [more ▼]In light of the principle of equality, German, Belgian and British election law contain some legal rules that tend to distribute the faculty to influence the composition of the elected assemblies equally among the governed people, and others that tend to distribute it unequally. The inequality caused by the latter group may be to some extent legally justified by concerns for the general interest, but also provides rulers with means that help them to remain in power, which is hardly justifiable from a legal perspective. In these legal systems, parties are expected to gain a significant portion of the people’s support: not only should the parliament (as a whole) and its members (as individuals) represent the governed people, but the parties themselves are expected to be sufficiently representative of the people in order to access the legislative assemblies. Notably, this thesis draws examples from the case law of the European Court of Human Rights, from which relevant decisions are mentioned here. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg) Neomelodica music: pop superstars behind a normative wall. Formal, informal and criminal dimensions of the Neapolitan entertainment industryMazzola, Alessandro in The European Review of Organised Crime (in press), 14(2), Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 ULg) Modeling structures in fire with SAFIR®: Theoretical background and capabilitiesFranssen, Jean-Marc ; Gernay, Thomas in Journal of Structural Fire Engineering (in press)Purpose: This paper describes the theoretical background and main hypotheses at the basis of SAFIR®, a nonlinear finite element software for modeling structures in fire. The paper also explains how to use ... [more ▼]Purpose: This paper describes the theoretical background and main hypotheses at the basis of SAFIR®, a nonlinear finite element software for modeling structures in fire. The paper also explains how to use the software at its full extent. The discussed numerical modeling principles can be applied with other similar software. Approach: Following a general overview of the organization of the software, the thermal analysis part is explained, with the basic equations and the different possibilities to apply thermal boundary conditions (compartment fire, localized fire, etc.). Next, the mechanical analysis part is detailed, including the time integration procedures and the different types of finite elements: beam, truss, shell, spring and solid. Finally, the material laws are described. The software capabilities and limitations are discussed throughout the paper. Findings: By accommodating multiple types of finite elements and materials, by allowing the user to consider virtually any section type and to input the fire attack in multiple forms, the software SAFIR® is a comprehensive tool for investigating the behavior of structures in the fire situation. Meanwhile, being developed exclusively for its well-defined field of application, it remains relatively easy to use. Value: The paper will improve the knowledge of readers (researchers, designers and authorities) about numerical modeling used in structural fire engineering in general and the capabilities of a particular software largely used in the fire engineering community. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 75 (7 ULg) Histoire du thymus : d'un organe vestigial au cerveau de la tolérance immunitaireGeenen, Vincent in Medecine Sciences : M/S (in press)This synthesis presents the most important disruptions of conceptions about the thymus since its discovery in Antique Greece. For centuries, the thymus has been considered as a vestigial organ, and its ... [more ▼]This synthesis presents the most important disruptions of conceptions about the thymus since its discovery in Antique Greece. For centuries, the thymus has been considered as a vestigial organ, and its role in T-lymphocyte differentiation has been proposed only in the 1960’s. Most recent studies attribute to the thymus an essential and unique role in the programming of central immunological self-tolerance. The basal mechanism implicated in this function is the transcription in thymic epithelium of genes encoding precursors of self-antigens. Processing of these latters leads to presentation of self-antigens by the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) machinery expressed by thymic epithelial and dendritic cells. During fetal life, this presentation drives negative selection of T-cell clones harboring receptors with high affinity for these complexes MHC/self-antigen. After birth, this presentation promotes the generation of regulatory T cells specific for these complexes. A number of studies, as well as the identification of Aire and Fezf2 genes, have shown that a thymus dysfunction plays a crucial role in the development of organ-specific autoimmunity. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 23 (1 ULg) Analytical and clinical validation of the new Abbot Architect 25(OH)D assay: fit for purpose?Cavalier, Etienne ; LUKAS, Pierre ; BEKAERT, Anne-Catherine et alin Clinical Chemistry & Laboratory Medicine (in press)BACKGROUND: We provide a clinical and analytical evaluation of the reformulated version of the Abbott Architect 25-hydroxyvitamin D assay. We compared this assay with three commercial automated ... [more ▼]BACKGROUND: We provide a clinical and analytical evaluation of the reformulated version of the Abbott Architect 25-hydroxyvitamin D assay. We compared this assay with three commercial automated immunoassays and against a VDSP-traceable liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) in six different populations. We also supplemented 40 healthy volunteers with either 600,000 IU of vitamin D2 or 100,000 of vitamin D3 to evaluate the performance of the immunoassays vs. the LC-MS/MS. METHODS: Precision and limit of quantification were assessed, 25(OH)D2 and C3-epimer recovery were calculated. Two hundred and forty samples obtained in healthy Caucasians and Africans, osteoporotic, hemodialyzed and intensive care patients and 3rd trimester pregnant women were analyzed by all methods. Correlation was studied using Passing-Bablok and Bland-Altman analysis. Concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) was calculated to evaluate agreement between immunoassays and LC-MS/MS. We verified if patients were homogeneously classified with the immunoassays when they took vitamin D2 or vitamin D3 after 1, 7 and 28 days. RESULTS: We observed excellent analytical features and showed a very good correlation to the LC-MS/MS results in the overall population. Compared to the other immunoassays, concordance of the new Abbott assay with the LC-MS/MS was at least similar, and often better in diseased populations. Althought the cross-reactivity with 25(OH)D2 was not of 100%, there was no significant difference in the classifications of the patients, either supplemented with D2 or D3 or after 7 or 28 days. CONCLUSIONS: This modified version of the Abbott Architect assay is clearly improved compared to the previous one and presents a better agreement with the LC-MS/MS. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 ULg) Elevated carbon dioxide concentration reduces alarm signaling in aphidsBoullis, Antoine ; Fassotte, Bérénice ; Sarles, Landry et alin Journal of Chemical Ecology (in press)Insects often rely on olfaction to communicate with surrounding conspecifics. While the chemical language of insects has been deciphered in recent decades, few studies have assessed how changes in ... [more ▼]Insects often rely on olfaction to communicate with surrounding conspecifics. While the chemical language of insects has been deciphered in recent decades, few studies have assessed how changes in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations will impact pheromonal communication by insects. Here, we hypothesize that changes in the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) affect the whole dynamics of alarm signaling in aphids, including: (1) the production of the active compound (E)-β-farnesene (Eβf), (2) emission behavior when under attack, (3) perception by the olfactory apparatus, and (4) the escape response. We reared two strains of the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum under ambient and elevated CO2 concentrations for several generations. We found that an increase in CO2 concentration reduced the production (i.e., individual content) and emission of Eβf (released under predation events). While no difference in Eβf neuronal perception was observed, we found that an increase in CO2 strongly reduces the escape behavior expressed by an aphid colony following exposure to natural doses of the alarm pheromone. In conclusion, our results confirm that changes to greenhouse gases do impact chemical communication in insects, and could potentially have a cascade effect on interactions with higher trophic levels. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 61 (29 ULg) De culpable a perseguido: Baudelaire y el proceso de Las Flores del malMogollon Zapata, Juan Manuel in Revista Historia, Teoría, Crítica (in press)¿Cómo el poeta de Las Flores del Mal paso de ser un autor proscrito, y en consecuencia sospechoso, al autor perseguido e incomprendido que ha inmortalizado la historia literaria? ¿Cómo Baudelaire pudo ... [more ▼]¿Cómo el poeta de Las Flores del Mal paso de ser un autor proscrito, y en consecuencia sospechoso, al autor perseguido e incomprendido que ha inmortalizado la historia literaria? ¿Cómo Baudelaire pudo desviar a su favor una circunstancia que, a primera vista, era desafortunada? Baudelaire supo utilizar el escándalo que provocó la publicación de Las Flores del Mal para promover su figura pública. Un análisis de las posturas discursivas desplegadas por Baudelaire y por sus pares durante y después del proceso nos permitirá comprender mejor la inversión que el poeta hace de su condenación al transformar la sanción penal y moral, y la exclusión a la que ésta conduce, en un signo de su grandeza y de su gloria póstuma. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 72 (1 ULg) Evolution and diversity of ram-suction feeding in damselfishes (Pomacentridae)Olivier, Damien ; Gajdzik, Laura ; Parmentier, Eric et alin Organisms Diversity & Evolution (in press)The cerato-mandibular (c-md) ligament is a synapomorphy within Pomacentridae that creates a tight link between the lower jaws and the hyoid bars. However, this morphological trait has been secondarily ... [more ▼]The cerato-mandibular (c-md) ligament is a synapomorphy within Pomacentridae that creates a tight link between the lower jaws and the hyoid bars. However, this morphological trait has been secondarily lost in multiple lineages during evolution. A previous study revealed that the loss of this trait acted as a release of evolutionary constraints, leading to a cascade of morphological changes such elongated buccal jaws and a slender body. Ecomorphological interpretations suggested the loss of the c-md ligament has ultimately led to a new adaptive peak in zooplanktivory through an optimization of the ram feeding mode associated with a specialization in pelagic feeding. Here, we tested these hypotheses by comparing functional and diet diversity between damselfish species with and without the c-md ligament. Although species lacking the c-md ligament presented a conserved kinematic pattern resulting from high ram and low suction performances, our results did not support an optimization of the ram feeding mode. Indeed, some species with the c-md ligament showed the same or exceeded the ram performance of species without the c-md ligament. The species with the c-md ligament had a more diverse kinematic pattern exploring the entire ram-suction functional range in damselfishes. Finally, our results did not show any diet variations associated with the loss of the c-md ligament. Our study furthers the understanding of how a morphological trait has shaped, by its presence or absence, the ecomorpho-functional diversification of Pomacentridae. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULg) Clinical usefulness of bone turnover marker concentrations in osteoporosis.Morris, H. A.; Eastell, R.; Jorgesen, N. R. et alin Clinica Chimica Acta (in press)Current evidence continues to support the potential for bone turnover markers (BTM) to provide clinically useful information particularly for monitoring the efficacy of osteoporosis treatment. Many of the ... [more ▼]Current evidence continues to support the potential for bone turnover markers (BTM) to provide clinically useful information particularly for monitoring the efficacy of osteoporosis treatment. Many of the limitations identified earlier remain, principally in regard to the relationship between BTM and incident fractures. Important data are now available on reference interval values for CTX and PINP across a range of geographic regions and for individual clinical assays. An apparent lack of comparability between current clinical assays for CTX has become evident indicating the possible limitations of combining such data for meta-analyses. Harmonization of units for reporting serum/plasma CTX (ng/L) and PINP (mug/L) is recommended. The development of international collaborations continues with an important initiative to combine BTM results from clinical trials in osteoporosis in a meta-analysis and an assay harmonization program are likely to be beneficial. It is possible that knowledge derived from clinical studies can further enhance fracture risk estimation tools with inclusion of BTM together with other independent risk factors. Further data of the relationships between the clinical assays for CTX and PINP as well as physiological and pre-analytical factors contributing to variability in BTM concentrations are required. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg) Ingéniérie entre recherche et formationJob, Pierre; Schneider-Gilot, Marguerite in Education et Didactique (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg) Decision Algorithms for the Retreatment with Viscosupplementation in Patients Suffering from Knee Osteoarthritis: Recommendations from the EUROpean VIScosupplementation COnsensus Group (EUROVISCO)Raman; Henrotin, Yves ; Chevalier, Xavier et alin Cartilage (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg) Comparative biochemical methane potential of some varieties or residual banana biomass and renewable energy potentialAwedem Wobiwo, Florent; Happi Emaga, Thomas; Fokou, Elie et alin Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg) Compte rendu de G. TOUSSAINT, Kreuz und Knochen. Reliquien zur Zeit der Kreuzzüge, Berlin, 2011.George, Philippe in Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 37 (5 ULg) The Martian diffuse aurora: a model of ultraviolet and visible emissionsGérard, Jean-Claude ; Soret, Lauriane ; Shematovich, V.I. et alin Icarus (in press)A new type of Martian aurora, characterized by an extended spatial distribution, an altitude lower than the discrete aurora and electron precipitation up to 200 keV has been observed following solar ... [more ▼]A new type of Martian aurora, characterized by an extended spatial distribution, an altitude lower than the discrete aurora and electron precipitation up to 200 keV has been observed following solar activity on several occasions from the MAVEN spacecraft. We describe the results of Monte Carlo simulations of the production of several ultraviolet and violet auroral emissions for initial electron energies extending from 0.25 to 200 keV. These include the CO2+ ultraviolet doublet (UVD) at 288.3 and 289.6 nm and the Fox–Duffendack–Barker (FDB) bands, CO Cameron and Fourth Positive bands, OI 130.4 and 297.2 nm and CI 156.1 nm and 165.7 nm multiplets. We calculate the nadir and limb production rates of several of these emissions for a unit precipitated energy flux. Our results indicate that electrons in the range 50-200 keV produce maximum CO2+ UVD emission below 75 km, in agreement with the MAVEN observations. We calculate the efficiency of photon production per unit precipitated electron power. The strongest emissions are the CO2+ FDB, UVD and CO Cameron bands and the oxygen mission at 297.2 nm. The metastable a 3Π state which radiates the Cameron bands is deactivated by collisions below about 110 km. As a consequence, we show that the Cameron band emission is expected to peak at a higher altitude than the CO2+ UVD and FDB bands. Collisional quenching also causes the intensity ratio of the CO2+ UVD to CO Cameron bands to increase below ∼100 km in the energetic diffuse aurora. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg) Advances in diagnosis and management of familial pituitary adenomasJEDIDI, Haroun ; ROSTOMYAN, Lilith; POTORAC, Iulia et alin International Journal of Endocrine Oncology (in press)Familial pituitary adenomas accounts for approximately 5-8 % of all pituitary adenomas. Besides the adenomas occurring as part of syndromic entities that bring together several endocrine or other systems ... [more ▼]Familial pituitary adenomas accounts for approximately 5-8 % of all pituitary adenomas. Besides the adenomas occurring as part of syndromic entities that bring together several endocrine or other systems disorders, 2-3% of the familial pituitary adenomas fit into the familial isolated pituitary adenomas (FIPA) syndrome. 20% of FIPA syndromes have shown mutations in the AIP gene and have distinct clinical characteristics. Recent findings have isolated a new non-AIP FIPA syndrome called X-LAG, resulting from duplication in GPR-101 gene. These new advances in the field of pituitary disease are opening up a new challenging domain to both clinician and researcher. This review will focus on these last findings and their contribution to the diagnosis and the management of familial pituitary adenomas. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 171 (4 ULg) Recycling Mitsunobu coupling: a shortcut for troublesome esterificationsMenhour, Boudjema; Obounou Akong, Firmin; Mayon, Patrick et alin Tetrahedron (in press)An unusual recycling Mitsunobu reaction proved to be successful to couple two fragments in the course of the synthesis of the hydrophobic moiety of rhamnolipid derivatives. Based on the obtained pivotal ... [more ▼]An unusual recycling Mitsunobu reaction proved to be successful to couple two fragments in the course of the synthesis of the hydrophobic moiety of rhamnolipid derivatives. Based on the obtained pivotal intermediate, a one pot ‘cross-metathesis/reduction’ approach gave access to structural variations of the side chains. Further study of these molecules will contribute to a better understanding of the role of the lipid moiety in immunostimulatory and plant defense eliciting properties. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg) Innovative polyelectrolytes/poly(ionic liquid)s for energy and environmentAjjan, Fátima N.; Ambrogi, Martina; Tiruye, Girum Ayalneh et alin Polymer International (in press)This manuscript presents the work carried out within the European Project RENAISSANCE-ITN, which was dedicated to the development of innovative polyelectrolytes for energy and environmental applications ... [more ▼]This manuscript presents the work carried out within the European Project RENAISSANCE-ITN, which was dedicated to the development of innovative polyelectrolytes for energy and environmental applications. Within the project different types of innovative polyelectrolytes were synthesized such as poly(ionic liquid)s coming from renewable or natural ions, thiazolium cations, cathechol functionalities or from a new generation of cheap deep-eutectic monomers. Further, macromolecular architectures such as new poly(ionic liquid) block copolymers and new (semi)conducting polymer/polyelectrolyte complexes were also developed. As the final goal, the application of these innovative polymers in energy and environment was investigated. Important advances in energy storage technologies included the development of new carbonaceous materials, new lignin/conducting polymer biopolymer electrodes, new iongels and single-ion conducting polymer electrolytes for supercapacitors and batteries and new poly(ionic liquid) binders for batteries. On the other hand, the use of the innovative polyelectrolytes into sustainable environmental technologies led to the development of new liquid and dry water, new materials for water cleaning technologies such as floculants, oil absorbers, new recyclable organocatalysts platform and multifunctional polymer coatings with antifouling and antimicrobial properties. All in all this article demonstrates the potential of the poly(ionic liquid)s for high-value applications in Energy & Enviromental areas. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 25 (3 ULg) Resolved astrometric orbits of ten O-type binariesLe Bouquin, J.-B.; Sana, H.; Gosset, Eric et alin Astronomy and Astrophysics (in press)Our long term aim is to derive model-independent stellar masses and distances for long period massive binaries by combining apparent astrometric orbit with double-lined radial velocity amplitudes (SB2 ... [more ▼]Our long term aim is to derive model-independent stellar masses and distances for long period massive binaries by combining apparent astrometric orbit with double-lined radial velocity amplitudes (SB2). We follow-up ten O+O binaries with AMBER, PIONIER and GRAVITY at the VLTI. Here, we report about 130 astrometric observations over the last 7 years. We combine this dataset with distance estimates to compute the total mass of the systems. We also compute preliminary individual component masses for the five systems with available SB2 radial velocities. Nine over the ten binaries have their three dimensional orbit well constrained. Four of them are known colliding wind, non-thermal radio emitters, and thus constitute valuable targets for future high angular resolution radio imaging. Two binaries break the correlation between period and eccentricity tentatively observed in previous studies. It suggests either that massive star formation produce a wide range of systems, or that several binary formation mechanisms are at play. Finally, we found that the use of existing SB2 radial velocity amplitudes can lead to unrealistic masses and distances. If not understood, the biases in radial velocity amplitudes will represent an intrinsic limitation for estimating dynamical masses from SB2+interferometry or SB2+Gaia. Nevertheless, our results can be combined with future Gaia astrometry to measure the dynamical masses and distances of the individual components with an accuracy of 5 to 15\%, completely independently of the radial velocities. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 23 (3 ULg) A component method for cold-formed steel beam-to-column bolted gusset plate jointsBucmys, Zilvinas; Daniunas, Alfonsas; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre et alin Thin-Walled Structures (in press)Cold-formed steel elements are being used more frequently on construction sites because of the good strength-to-cost ratio. However, insufficient studies are published examining the properties of these ... [more ▼]Cold-formed steel elements are being used more frequently on construction sites because of the good strength-to-cost ratio. However, insufficient studies are published examining the properties of these constructions. This paper presents a study of cold formed steel bolted gusset plate connections. A “three springs” mechanical model to calculate joint stiffness is presented. Then the results predicted through the proposed model are validated through comparisons to experimental and finite element results. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 35 (3 ULg) The constant of recognizability is computable for primitive morphismsDurand, Fabien; Leroy, Julien in Journal of Integer Sequences (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg) Metals as chemical tracers to discriminate ecological populations of threatened Franciscana dolphins (Pontoporia blainvillei) from ArgentinaRomero, M.B.; Polizzi, P.; Chiodi, L. et alin Environmental Science and Pollution Research (in press)Franciscana dolphins are the most impacted small cetacean in the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean, classified as Vulnerable A3d by IUCN. Essential (Fe, Mo, Mn, Cr, Ni, Co) and non-essential (Ag, Pb, Sn) trace ... [more ▼]Franciscana dolphins are the most impacted small cetacean in the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean, classified as Vulnerable A3d by IUCN. Essential (Fe, Mo, Mn, Cr, Ni, Co) and non-essential (Ag, Pb, Sn) trace elements (TEs) were measured in liver, kidney, and brain samples of by-catch Franciscana dolphins that were living in estuarine (n = 21) and marine (n = 21) habitats (1) to assess whether TEs posed a threat and (2) to evaluate the suitability of TEs for discriminating ecological populations of this species in Argentinean waters. Essential TEs showed little variation in tissues from both groups in agreement with levels reported for other cetaceans and suggesting that these concentrations correspond to normal physiological levels. Non-essential TEs were higher in estuarine juveniles and adults dolphins than in marine specimens. These results suggest anthropogenic sources associated with estuarine area and that Franciscana dolphins are good sentinels of the impact of the environment. The difference in the concentrations of TEs beetwen ecological populations appeared to be related to distinct exposures in both geographical areas, and it is suggested that Ag and Sn concentrations in adults are good chemical tracers of anthropogenic input of TEs. These results provide additional information for improved management and regulatory policy. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 33 (8 ULg) The right dorsal premotor mosaic: organization, functions, and connectivityGenon, Sarah ; Li, Hai; Fan, Lingzhong et alin Cerebral Cortex (in press)The right dorsal premotor cortex (PMd) of humans has been reported to be involved in a broad range of motor and cognitive functions. We explored the basis of this behavioral heterogeneity by performing a ... [more ▼]The right dorsal premotor cortex (PMd) of humans has been reported to be involved in a broad range of motor and cognitive functions. We explored the basis of this behavioral heterogeneity by performing a connectivity-based parcellation using meta-analytic approach applied to PMd coactivations. We compared our CBP results to parcellations obtained through resting-state functional connectivity and probabilistic diffusion tractography,. Functional connectivity profiles and behavioral decoding of the resulting PMd subregions allowed characterizing their respective behavior profile. These procedures divided the right PMd into five distinct subregions that formed a cognitive-motor gradient along a rostro-caudal axis. In particular, we found (i) a rostral subregion functionally connected with prefrontal cortex, which likely supports high-level cognitive processes, such as working memory (ii) a central subregion showing a mixed behavioral profile and functional connectivity to parietal regions of the dorsal attention network, and (iii) a caudal subregion closely integrated with the motor system. Additionally, we found (iv) a dorsal subregion, preferentially related to hand movements and connected to both cognitive and motor regions, and (v) a ventral subregion, whose functional profile fits the concept of an eye-movement related field. In conclusion, right PMd may be considered as a functional mosaic formed by five subregions. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 98 (3 ULg) Unravelling fluvial deposition and pedogenesis in ephemeral stream deposits in the vicinity of the prehistoric rock shelter of Ifri n'Ammar (NE Morocco) during the last 100 kaBartz, Melanie; Rixhon; Kehl, Martin et alin Catena (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 30 (5 ULg) Vaginocutaneous fistula and buttock abscess formation 7 years after polypropylene transobturator tape insertion.ABDALLAH, Alain; NISOLLE, Michelle ; DE LANDSHEERE, Laurent in Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction (in press)Surgical treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) using transobturator tape insertion is widely accepted. However several postoperative complications were reported in the literature including ... [more ▼]Surgical treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) using transobturator tape insertion is widely accepted. However several postoperative complications were reported in the literature including infections, abscess and fistula formation. Here we report a case of 57 year old female who presented with abscess and left vaginocutaneous buttock fistula 7 years after transobturator polypropelene tape insertion. Treatment included abscess drainage with dissection of the fistulous tract and removal of the left arm of the transobturator tape along with antibiotic coverage. Sinus drainage stopped after 3 days. Stress urinary incontinence didn't recur. Suspicion of fistula formation should rise in patients presenting with bothersome vaginal or cutaneous discharge after transobturator tape insertion. This case is particular since it describes a fistula complication with polypropelene tape which is unusual with this type of tapes. Treatment of such complication should always consist of surgical removal of the mesh to allow closure of the fistulous tract. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULg) Défendre l’image de la Belgique à l’étranger. Quatorze lettres et notes inédites d’Eugène Beyens, Paul Hymans et Georges Lorand (1915-1919)Genin, Vincent in Bulletin de la Commission Royale d'Histoire (2018)Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg) From Ontology to Psychoanalysis. Benussi and Musatti on the Concept of Mental RealityBoccaccini, Federico in Meinong Studies / Meinong Studien (2018), 9Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg) Impact of spatio-temporal shade dynamics on wheat growth and yield, perspectives for temperate agroforestryArtru, Sidonie ; Garré, Sarah ; Dupraz, Christian et alin European Journal of Agronomy (2017)A stumbling block to the adoption of silvoarable agroforestry systems is the lack of quantitative knowledge on the performance of different crops when competing for resources with trees. In North-Western ... [more ▼]A stumbling block to the adoption of silvoarable agroforestry systems is the lack of quantitative knowledge on the performance of different crops when competing for resources with trees. In North-Western Europe, light is likely to be the principal limiting resource for understorey crops, and most agronomic studies show a systematic reduction of final yield as shade increases. However the intensity of the crop response depends on both the environmental conditions and the shade characteristics. This study addressed the issue by monitoring winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) growth, productivity and quality under artificial shade provided by military camouflage shade-netting, and using the Hi-sAFe model to relate the artificial shade conditions to those applying in agroforestry systems. The field experiment was carried out over two consecutive years (2013–14 and 2014–15) on the experimental farm of Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Belgium. The shade structures recreated two shade conditions: periodic shade (PS) and continuous shade (CS), with the former using overlapping military camouflage netting to provide discontinuous light through the day, and the latter using conventional shade cloth. The experiment simulated shading from a canopy of late-flushing hybrid walnut leaves above winter wheat. Shading was imposed 16 (2013–14) and 10 (2014–15) days before flowering and retained until harvest. The crop experienced full light conditions until the maximum leaf area index stage (LAImax) had been reached. In both years, LAI followed the same dynamics between the different treatments, but in 2013–2014 an attack of the take-all disease (Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici) reduced yields overall and prevented significant treatment effects. In season 2014–15 the decrease in global radiation reaching the crop during a period of 66 days (CS: – 61% and PS: – 43%) significantly affected final yield (CS: – 45% and PS: – 25%), mainly through a reduction of the average grain weight and the number of grain per m2. Grain protein content increased by up to 45% under the CS treatment in 2015. Nevertheless, at the plot scale, protein yield (t/ha) did not compensate for the final grain yield decrease. The Hi-sAFe model was used to simulate an agroforestry plot with two lines of walnut trees running either north-south or east-west. The levels of artificial shade levels applied in this experiment were compared to those predicted beneath trees growing with similar climatic conditions in Belgium. The levels used in the CS treatment are only likely to occur real agroforestry conditions on 10% of the cropped area until the trees are 30 years old and only with east-west tree row orientation. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg) The diversity of cultural expressions in the digital age between multilateral confrontation and technological determinismVlassis, Antonios in Quaderns del CAC (2017)Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg) Sartre, héritier de Heidegger ? Quelques remarques à propos du circuit de l'ipséité dans "L'Être et le Néant".Recchia, Fabio in Revista Ética e Filosofia Política (2017), 1Dans le champ de la philosophie française contemporaine, la filiation philosophique entre Heidegger et Sartre continue de poser question à leurs successeurs. Faut-il concevoir le second comme le simple ... [more ▼]Dans le champ de la philosophie française contemporaine, la filiation philosophique entre Heidegger et Sartre continue de poser question à leurs successeurs. Faut-il concevoir le second comme le simple promulgateur des doctrines phénoménologiques du premier ? dans quelle mesure, en effet, Sartre est-il l'héritier de la pensée heideggérienne ? Telle est la question que nous réexaminons dans notre texte en mobilisant un développement précis de L'Être et le Néant : la théorie du circuit de l'ipséité. Sur cette base nous mettons en évidence la manière dont l'ontologie phénoménologique nuance la pensée heideggérienne à partir de la philosophie de Bergson et l'anthropologie de Mauss - ouvrant ainsi la voie au projet des psychanalyses existentielles qui articule un dialogue entre la phénoménologie et les sciences sociales françaises autour du problème de la constitution de l'identité personnelle. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 26 (5 ULg) Magnetic Shielding Above 1 T at 20 K With Bulk, Large Grain YBCO Tubes Made by Buffer-aided Top Seeded Melt GrowthWera, Laurent ; Fagnard, Jean-François ; Kumar, Numbury Devendra et alin IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity (2017), 27(4), YBCO tubes of ~ 10 mm diameter closed at one extremity were engineered by a Buffer-Aided Top Seeded Melt Growth fabrication process (BA-TSMG). These tubes can act as efficient “dc” magnetic shields and ... [more ▼]YBCO tubes of ~ 10 mm diameter closed at one extremity were engineered by a Buffer-Aided Top Seeded Melt Growth fabrication process (BA-TSMG). These tubes can act as efficient “dc” magnetic shields and are observed to reduce axial flux densities of 1.5 T by a factor of 100 at 20 K. Such performances are comparable in magnitude to the record threshold inductions reported for bulk MgB2 and Bi-2212 materials at lower temperatures. Magnetic shielding measurements for open and closed tubes at 77 K also show that the presence of the cap improves substantially the shielding performance at the closed extremity since it reduces the penetration through the open end. This fabrication technique is extremely promising for shielding “dc” stray fields generated by HTS magnets operated in a temperature range obtained by cryocoolers, liquid hydrogen (20 K) or liquid neon (27 K). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 36 (12 ULg) Insect fatty acids: A comparison of lipids from three Orthopterans and Tenebrio molitor L. larvaePaul, Aman ; Frederich, Michel ; Caparros Megido, Rudy et alin Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology (2017), 20(2), 337-340In order to explore some potential insect sources of food lipids, the lipid compositions of three Orthopterans (Acheta domesticus, Conocephalus discolor and Chorthippus parallelus) were analyzed and ... [more ▼]In order to explore some potential insect sources of food lipids, the lipid compositions of three Orthopterans (Acheta domesticus, Conocephalus discolor and Chorthippus parallelus) were analyzed and compared with those of Tenebrio molitor larvae. A. domesticus, Co. discolor, Ch. parallelus and T. molitor larvae were found to contain approximately 15%, 13%, 10% and 32% lipids on dry weight, respectively. The lipids from three Orthopterans contain much higher amounts of essential fatty acids than those of T. molitor larvae. The two Orthopterans of the suborder Ensifera i.e., A. domesticus and Co. discolor contain linoleic acid in major quantities, while Ch. parallelus of the suborder Caelifera, contain α-linolenic acid in major quantities. The consumption of linoleic and α-linolenic fatty acid is linked with numerous health promoting effects. The factors that contribute to differences in fatty acid profiles of these insects are being discussed. At last the nutritional parameters including polyunsaturated to saturated and omega 6 to omega 3 fatty acid ratios of these insect lipids are also being discussed to understand the potential role of these lipids in human nutrition. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 ULg) Identification of non-stationary dynamical systems using multivariate ARMA modelsBertha, Mathieu ; Golinval, Jean-Claude in Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing (2017), 88This paper is concerned by the modal identification of time-varying mechanical systems. Based on previous works about autoregressive moving average models in vector form (ARMAV) for the modal ... [more ▼]This paper is concerned by the modal identification of time-varying mechanical systems. Based on previous works about autoregressive moving average models in vector form (ARMAV) for the modal identification of linear time invariant systems, and time-varying autoregressive moving average models (TV-ARMA) for the identification of nonstationary systems, a time-varying ARMAV (TV-ARMAV) model is presented for the multivariate identification of time-varying systems. It results in the identification of not only the time-varying poles of the system but also of its respective time-varying mode shapes. The method is applied on a time-varying structure composed of a beam on which a mass is moving. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 18 (5 ULg) Co-creating service recovery after service failure: The role of brand equityHazee, Simon ; Van Vaerenbergh, Yves; Armirotto, Vincentin Journal of Business Research (2017), 74Detailed reference viewed: 30 (2 ULg) Finite element model reduction for space thermal analysisJacques, Lionel ; Béchet, Eric ; Kerschen, Gaëtan in Finite Elements in Analysis and Design (2017), 127To alleviate the computational burden of the nite element method for thermal analyses involving conduction and radiation, this paper proposes an automatic conductive-radiative reduction process based on ... [more ▼]To alleviate the computational burden of the nite element method for thermal analyses involving conduction and radiation, this paper proposes an automatic conductive-radiative reduction process based on the clustering of a detailed mesh coming from a structural model for instance. The proposed method leads to a signi cant reduction of the number of radiative exchange factors (REFs) to compute and size of the corresponding matrix. It further keeps accurate conduction information by introducing the concept of physically meaningful super nodes. The REFs between the super nodes are computed through Monte Carlo ray-tracing on the partitioned mesh, preserving the versatility of the method. The resulting conductive-radiative reduced model is solved using standard iterative techniques and the detailed mesh temperatures can be recovered from the super nodes temperatures for further thermo-mechanical analysis. The proposed method is applied to a structural component of the Meteosat Third Generation mission and is benchmarked against ESATAN-TMS, the standard thermal analysis software used in the European aerospace industry. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 21 (5 ULg) Impact of tillage on greenhouse gas emissions by an agricultural crop and dynamics of N2O fluxes: Insights from automated closed chamber measurementsLognoul, Margaux ; Theodorakopoulos, Nicolas ; Hiel, Marie-Pierre et alin Soil & Tillage Research (2017), 167Our experiment aimed at studying the impact of long term tillage treatments – reduced tillage (RT) and conventional tillage (CT), on CO2 and N2O emissions by soil and at describing the dynamics of N2O ... [more ▼]Our experiment aimed at studying the impact of long term tillage treatments – reduced tillage (RT) and conventional tillage (CT), on CO2 and N2O emissions by soil and at describing the dynamics of N2O fluxes. Gas measurements were performed from June to October 2015 in a Belgian maize crop, with homemade automated closed chambers, allowing continuous measurement at a high temporal resolution. After 7 years of treatment, CO2 and N2O average emissions were significantly larger in the RT parcel than in the CT parcel. This observation was attributed to the effect of tillage on the distribution of crop residues within the soil profile, leading to higher soil organic C and total N contents and a greater microbial biomass in the upper layer in RT. A single N2O emission peak triggered by a sudden increase of water- filled pore space (WFPS) was observed in the beginning of the measuring campaign. The absence of large emission afterwards was most likely due to a decreasing availability of N as crop grew. N2O background fluxes showed to be significantly correlated to CO2 fluxes but not to WFPS, while the influence of soil temperature remained unclear. Our results question the suitability of reduced tillage as a “climate-smart” practice and suggest that more experiments be conducted on conservation practices and their potent negative effect on environment. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 60 (17 ULg) Baelo dans l'Antiquité tardive. L'occupation du secteur sud-est du forum entre les IIIe et VIe s.Brassous, Laurent; Deru, Xavier ; Rodriguez, Oliva et alin Melanges de la Casa de Velazquez (2017), 47(1), Les recherches archéologiques conduites au sud-est du forum de la ville romaine de Baelo claudia ont permis de mettre au jour au-dessus du secteur monumental, plusieurs phases de transformation, d’abandon ... [more ▼]Les recherches archéologiques conduites au sud-est du forum de la ville romaine de Baelo claudia ont permis de mettre au jour au-dessus du secteur monumental, plusieurs phases de transformation, d’abandon et de réoccupation entre les IIIe et VIe s. Les structures découvertes ainsi que le nombreux mobilier qui leur était associé (monnaies, céramique, verre, métal, faune, etc.) fournissent un éclairage nouveau sur l’histoire et la nature de l’agglomération dans l’antiquité tardive, qui entre la fin du IVe s. et son abandon définitif au VIe s. ressemble moins à une ville qu’à un gros village. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 36 (1 ULg) Linking international norms to regions: Mercosur and ASEAN facing the challenge of cultural diversityVlassis, Antonios in Política & Sociedade (2017)Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg) The Semiotics of Design in Media Visualization: Mereology and Observation StrategiesDondero, Maria Giulia in Information Design Journal (2017)The purpose of this paper is to discern in what ways the semiotic methods of the Post- Greimasian French structuralist and the American Peircian traditions can enrich the study of contemporary methods of ... [more ▼]The purpose of this paper is to discern in what ways the semiotic methods of the Post- Greimasian French structuralist and the American Peircian traditions can enrich the study of contemporary methods of computational analysis of culture, particularly in the field of Cultural Analytics as implemented by the Russian Art Historian and Computer Scientist Lev Manovich. These semiotic approaches will be helpful in understanding what kinds of visualizations are being generated for use in Cultural Analytics, and what kinds of operations the observer must perform in order to experiment with scientific visualizations of this information. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg) Modelling of organic Rankine cycle power systems in off-design conditions: an experimentally-validated comparative studyDickes, Rémi ; Dumont, Olivier ; Daccord, Rémi et alin Energy (2017), 123Because of environmental issues and the depletion of fossil fuels, the world energy sector is undergoing many changes toward increased sustainability. Among the many fields of research and development ... [more ▼]Because of environmental issues and the depletion of fossil fuels, the world energy sector is undergoing many changes toward increased sustainability. Among the many fields of research and development, power generation from low-grade heat sources is gaining interest and the organic Rankine cycle (ORC) is seen as one of the most promising technologies for such applications. In this paper, it is proposed to perform an experimentally-validated comparison of different modelling methods for the off-design simulation of ORC-based power systems. To this end, three types of modelling paradigms (namely a constant-efficiency method, a polynomial-based method and a semi-empirical method) are compared both in terms of their fitting and extrapolation capabilities. Post-processed measurements gathered on two experimental ORC facilities are used as reference for the models calibration and evaluation. The study is first applied at a component level (i.e. each component is analysed individually) and then extended to the characterization of the entire organic Rankine cycle power systems. Benefits and limi- tations of each modelling method are discussed. The results show that semi-empirical models are the most reliable for simulating the off-design working conditions of ORC systems, while constant-efficiency and polynomial-based models are both demonstrating lack of accuracy and/or robustness. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 37 (7 ULg) WASP-South transiting exoplanets: WASP-130b, WASP-131b, WASP-132b, WASP-139b, WASP-140b, WASP-141b & WASP-142bHellier, Coel; Anderson, D. R.; Collier Cameron, A. et alin Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2017), 465We describe seven new exoplanets transiting stars of V = 10.1 to 12.4. WASP-130b is a "warm Jupiter" having an orbital period of 11.6 d, the longest yet found by WASP. It transits a V = 11.1, G6 star with ... [more ▼]We describe seven new exoplanets transiting stars of V = 10.1 to 12.4. WASP-130b is a "warm Jupiter" having an orbital period of 11.6 d, the longest yet found by WASP. It transits a V = 11.1, G6 star with [Fe/H] = +0.26. Warm Jupiters tend to have smaller radii than hot Jupiters, and WASP-130b is in line with this trend (1.23 Mjup; 0.89 Rjup). WASP-131b is a bloated Saturn-mass planet (0.27 Mjup; 1.22 Rjup). Its large scale height coupled with the V = 10.1 brightness of its host star make the planet a good target for atmospheric characterisation. WASP-132b is among the least irradiated and coolest of WASP planets, being in a 7.1-d orbit around a K4 star. It has a low mass and a modest radius (0.41 Mjup; 0.87 Rjup). The V = 12.4, [Fe/H] = +0.22 star shows a possible rotational modulation at 33 d. WASP-139b is the lowest-mass planet yet found by WASP, at 0.12 Mjup and 0.80 Rjup. It is a "super-Neptune" akin to HATS-7b and HATS-8b. It orbits a V = 12.4, [Fe/H] = +0.20, K0 star. The star appears to be anomalously dense, akin to HAT-P-11. WASP-140b is a 2.4-Mjup planet in a 2.2-d orbit that is both eccentric (e = 0.047) and with a grazing transit (b = 0.93) The timescale for tidal circularisation is likely to be the lowest of all known eccentric hot Jupiters. The planet's radius is large (1.4 Rjup), but uncertain owing to the grazing transit. The host star is a V = 11.1, [Fe/H] = +0.12, K0 dwarf showing a prominent 10.4-d rotational modulation. The dynamics of this system are worthy of further investigation. WASP-141b is a typical hot Jupiter, being a 2.7 Mjup, 1.2 Rjup planet in a 3.3-d orbit around a V = 12.4, [Fe/H] = +0.29, F9 star. WASP-142b is a typical bloated hot Jupiter (0.84 Mjup, 1.53 Rjup) in a 2.1-d orbit around a V = 12.3, [Fe/H] = +0.26, F8 star. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg) H0LiCOW. VI. Testing the fidelity of lensed quasar host galaxy reconstructionDing, Xuheng; Liao, Kai; Treu, Tommaso et alin Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2017), 465The empirical correlation between the mass of a supermassive black hole (M_BH) and its host galaxy properties is widely considered to be an evidence of their co-evolution. A powerful way to test the co ... [more ▼]The empirical correlation between the mass of a supermassive black hole (M_BH) and its host galaxy properties is widely considered to be an evidence of their co-evolution. A powerful way to test the co-evolution scenario and learn about the feedback processes linking galaxies and nuclear activity is to measure these correlations as a function of redshift. Unfortunately, currently M_BH can only be estimated in active galaxies at cosmological distances. At these distances, bright active galactic nuclei (AGNs) can outshine the host galaxy, making it extremely difficult to measure the host's luminosity. Strongly lensed AGNs provide in principle a great opportunity to improve the sensitivity and accuracy of the host galaxy luminosity measurements as the host galaxy is magnified and more easily separated from the point source, provided the lens model is sufficiently accurate. In order to measure the M_BH-L correlation with strong lensing, it is necessary to ensure that the lens modelling is accurate, and that the host galaxy luminosity can be recovered to at least a precision and accuracy better than that of the typical M_BH measurement. We carry out extensive and realistic simulations of deep Hubble Space Telescope observations of lensed AGNs obtained by our collaboration. We show that the host galaxy luminosity can be recovered with better accuracy and precision than the typical uncertainty in M_BH(˜0.5 dex) for hosts as faint as 2-4 mag dimmer than the AGN itself. Our simulations will be used to estimate bias and uncertainties in the actual measurements to be presented in a future paper. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 ULg) Pouvoir politique et audace des jugesGrandjean, Geoffrey in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2017), (1), 231-237Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULg) H0LiCOW - IV. Lens mass model of HE 0435-1223 and blind measurement of its time-delay distance for cosmologyWong, Kenneth C.; Suyu, Sherry H.; Auger, Matthew W. et alin Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2017), 465Strong gravitational lenses with measured time delays between the multiple images allow a direct measurement of the time-delay distance to the lens, and thus a measure of cosmological parameters ... [more ▼]Strong gravitational lenses with measured time delays between the multiple images allow a direct measurement of the time-delay distance to the lens, and thus a measure of cosmological parameters, particularly the Hubble constant, H[SUB]0[/SUB]. We present a blind lens model analysis of the quadruply imaged quasar lens HE 0435-1223 using deep Hubble Space Telescope imaging, updated time-delay measurements from the COSmological MOnitoring of GRAvItational Lenses (COSMOGRAIL), a measurement of the velocity dispersion of the lens galaxy based on Keck data, and a characterization of the mass distribution along the line of sight. HE 0435-1223 is the third lens analysed as a part of the H[SUB]0[/SUB] Lenses in COSMOGRAIL's Wellspring (H0LiCOW) project. We account for various sources of systematic uncertainty, including the detailed treatment of nearby perturbers, the parametrization of the galaxy light and mass profile, and the regions used for lens modelling. We constrain the effective time-delay distance to be D_{Δ t}= 2612_{-191}^{+208} Mpc, a precision of 7.6 per cent. From HE 0435-1223 alone, we infer a Hubble constant of H[SUB]0[/SUB] = 73.1_{-6.0}^{+5.7} km s^{-1 Mpc^{-1}} assuming a flat ΛCDM cosmology. The cosmographic inference based on the three lenses analysed by H0LiCOW to date is presented in a companion paper (H0LiCOW Paper V). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg) Bioavailability enhancement of itraconazole-based solid dispersions produced by hot melt extrusion in the framework of the Three Rs ruleThiry, Justine ; Kok, Miranda ; Collard, Laurence et alin European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (2017), 99Solid dispersion formulations made of itraconazole (ITZ) and Soluplus® (polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl acetate and polyvinylcaprolactame-based graft copolymer abbreviated SOL) were produced using hot melt ... [more ▼]Solid dispersion formulations made of itraconazole (ITZ) and Soluplus® (polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl acetate and polyvinylcaprolactame-based graft copolymer abbreviated SOL) were produced using hot melt extrusion. Since ITZ possesses a water solubility of less than 1 ng/mL, the aim of this work was to enhance the aqueous solubility of ITZ, and thereby improve its bioavailability. The three formulations consisted of a simple SOL/ITZ amorphous solid dispersion (ASD), an optimized SOL/ITZ/AcDiSol® (super-disintegrant) ASD and an equimolar inclusion complex of ITZ in hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (substitution degree = 0.63, CD) with SOL. The three formulations were compared in vitro and in vivo to the marketed product Sporanox®. The in vitro enhancement of dissolution rate was evaluated using a biphasic dissolution test. In vitro dissolution results showed that all three formulations had a higher percentage of ITZ released than Sporanox® with the following ranking: SOL/ITZ/CD > SOL/ITZ/AcDiSol® > SOL/ITZ > Sporanox®. The bioavailability of these four formulations was evaluated in rats. The bioanalytical method was optimized so that only 10 μL of blood was withdrawn from the rats using specific volumetric absorptive microsampling devices. This enabled to keep the same rats during the whole study, which was in accordance with the Three Rs rules (reduction, refinement and replacement). Furthermore, this technique allowed the suppression of inter-individual variability. Higher Cmax and AUC were obtained after the administration of all three formulations compared to the levels after the use of Sporanox® as follows: SOL/ITZ/AcDiSol® > SOL/ITZ/CD > SOL/ITZ > Sporanox®. The inversion in the ranking between SOL/ITZ/CD and SOL/ITZ/AcDiSol® made impossible the establishment of an in vitro–vivo correlation. Indeed, very different release rates were obtained in vitro and in vivo for the two optimized formulations. These results suggest that ITZ would be protected inside the core of the SOL micelles even during the absorption step at the intestine, while some agents present in the intestinal fluids could displace ITZ from the hydrophobic cavity of CD by competition. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 22 (11 ULg) H0LiCOW - V. New COSMOGRAIL time delays of HE 0435-1223: H0 to 3.8 per cent precision from strong lensing in a flat ΛCDM modelBonvin, V.; Courbin, F.; Suyu, S. H. et alin Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2017), 465We present a new measurement of the Hubble Constant H[SUB]0[/SUB] and other cosmological parameters based on the joint analysis of three multiply imaged quasar systems with measured gravitational time ... [more ▼]We present a new measurement of the Hubble Constant H[SUB]0[/SUB] and other cosmological parameters based on the joint analysis of three multiply imaged quasar systems with measured gravitational time delays. First, we measure the time delay of HE 0435-1223 from 13-yr light curves obtained as part of the COSMOGRAIL project. Companion papers detail the modelling of the main deflectors and line-of-sight effects, and how these data are combined to determine the time-delay distance of HE 0435-1223. Crucially, the measurements are carried out blindly with respect to cosmological parameters in order to avoid confirmation bias. We then combine the time-delay distance of HE 0435-1223 with previous measurements from systems B1608+656 and RXJ1131-1231 to create a Time Delay Strong Lensing probe (TDSL). In flat Λ cold dark matter (ΛCDM) with free matter and energy density, we find H[SUB]0[/SUB] =71.9^{+2.4}_{-3.0} {km s^{-1} Mpc^{-1}} and Ω _{Λ }=0.62^{+0.24}_{-0.35}. This measurement is completely independent of, and in agreement with, the local distance ladder measurements of H[SUB]0[/SUB]. We explore more general cosmological models combining TDSL with other probes, illustrating its power to break degeneracies inherent to other methods. The joint constraints from TDSL and Planck are H[SUB]0[/SUB] = 69.2_{-2.2}^{+1.4} {km s^{-1} Mpc^{-1}}, Ω _{Λ }=0.70_{-0.01}^{+0.01} and Ω _k=0.003_{-0.006}^{+0.004} in open ΛCDM and H[SUB]0[/SUB] =79.0_{-4.2}^{+4.4} {km s^{-1} Mpc^{-1}}, Ω _de=0.77_{-0.03}^{+0.02} and w=-1.38_{-0.16}^{+0.14} in flat wCDM. In combination with Planck and baryon acoustic oscillation data, when relaxing the constraints on the numbers of relativistic species we find N[SUB]eff[/SUB] = 3.34_{-0.21}^{+0.21} in N[SUB]eff[/SUB]ΛCDM and when relaxing the total mass of neutrinos we find Σm[SUB]ν[/SUB] ≤ 0.182 eV in m[SUB]ν[/SUB]ΛCDM. Finally, in an open wCDM in combination with Planck and cosmic microwave background lensing, we find H[SUB]0[/SUB] =77.9_{-4.2}^{+5.0} {km s^{-1} Mpc^{-1}}, Ω _de=0.77_{-0.03}^{+0.03}, Ω _k=-0.003_{-0.004}^{+0.004} and w=-1.37_{-0.23}^{+0.18}. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg) Structure impact of two galactomannan fractions on their viscosity properties in dilute solution, unperturbed state and gel stateGillet, Sébastien; Aguedo, Mario ; Petrut, Raoul et alin International Journal of Biological Macromolecules (2017), 96Detailed reference viewed: 31 (5 ULg) Experimental Correction of Radiation Patterns Between Electromagnetic EnvironmentsSpirlet, Maxime ; Geuzaine; Beauvoisin IEEE Transactions on Antennas & Propagation (2017), 65(03), This manuscript presents an experimental method to estimate a radiation pattern obtained in a particular echoic environment (for example from in-situ measurements) as if measurements were performed in a ... [more ▼]This manuscript presents an experimental method to estimate a radiation pattern obtained in a particular echoic environment (for example from in-situ measurements) as if measurements were performed in a given anechoic chamber. The correction is achieved using some reference measurements collected both in echoic and anechoic environments. An angular transfer function is estimated from these two sets of measurements and deconvolved from the measured radiation pattern to be corrected. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 16 (5 ULg) Ultrasonic spray pyrolysis as a processing route for templated electrochromic tungsten oxide filmsChatzikyriakou, Dafni ; Maho, Anthony ; Cloots, Rudi et alin Microporous and Mesoporous Materials (2017), 240Detailed reference viewed: 22 (7 ULg) Les experts belges auprès de la Cour Permanente de Justice Internationale (1921-1930). Indicateurs de la position de la Belgique dans la hiérarchie internationale ?Genin, Vincent in Cahiers SIRICE (2017)Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg) Comparison of local outliers detection techniques in spatial multivariate dataErnst, Marie ; Haesbroeck, Gentiane in Data Mining & Knowledge Discovery (2017), 31(2), 371399Outlier detection techniques in spatial data should allow to identify two types of outliers: global and local ones. Local outliers typically have non-spatial attributes that strongly differ from those ... [more ▼]Outlier detection techniques in spatial data should allow to identify two types of outliers: global and local ones. Local outliers typically have non-spatial attributes that strongly differ from those observed on their neighbors. Detecting local outliers requires to be able to work locally, on neighborhoods, in order to take into account the spatial dependence between the statistical units under consideration, even though the outlyingness is usually measured on the non-spatial variables. Many procedures have been outlined in the literature, but their number reduces when one wants to deal with multivariate non-spatial attributes. In this paper, focus is on the multivariate context. A review of existing procedures is done. A new approach, based on a two-step improvement of an existing one, is also designed and compared with the benchmarked methods by means of examples and simulations. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 117 (38 ULg) ‛J’ai été longtemps minoritaire’. Le processus de légitimation du droit international du travail (1888-1938). Légitimité, vécus et mémoires du belge Ernest MahaimGenin, Vincent in Legal History Review (2017)Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg) The importance of pollen chemistry in evolutionary host shifts of beesVanderplanck, Maryse ; Vereecken, Nicolas; Grumiau, Laurent et alin Scientific Reports (2017)Although bee-plant associations are generally maintained through speciation processes, host shifts have occurred during evolution. Understanding shifts between both phylogenetically and morphologically ... [more ▼]Although bee-plant associations are generally maintained through speciation processes, host shifts have occurred during evolution. Understanding shifts between both phylogenetically and morphologically unrelated plants (i.e., host-saltation) is especially important since they could have been key processes in the origin and radiation of bees. Probably far from being a random process, such host-saltation might be driven by hidden constraints associated with plant traits. We selected two clades of oligolectic bees (i.e., Colletes succinctus group and Melitta leporina group) foraging on co-flowering but unrelated host-plants to test this hypothesis. We analyzed floral scent, floral color and chemical composition of pollen from host and non-host plants of these two clades. We did not find evidence for host-plant evolution in the Melitta leporina group driven by one of the assayed floral traits. On the contrary, hosts of the C. succinctus group display similar primary nutritive content of pollen (i.e., amino acids and sterols) but not similar floral scent or color, suggesting that shared pollen chemistry probably mediates saltation in this clade. Our study revealed that constraints shaping floral associations are diverse and clearly depend on species life-history traits, but evidence suggests that pollen chemistry may act as a major floral filter and guide evolutionary host-shifts. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 14 (5 ULg) Modeling the thickness dependence of the magnetic phase transition temperature in thin FeRh filmOstler, Thomas ; Craig, Barton; Thomas, Thomson et alin Physical Review. B : Condensed Matter (2017), 95FeRh and its first-order phase transition can open new routes for magnetic hybrid materials and devices under the assumption that it can be exploited in ultra-thin-film structures. Motivated by ... [more ▼]FeRh and its first-order phase transition can open new routes for magnetic hybrid materials and devices under the assumption that it can be exploited in ultra-thin-film structures. Motivated by experimental measurements showing an unexpected increase in the phase transition temperature with decreasing thickness of FeRh on top of MgO, we develop a computational model to investigate strain effects of FeRh in such magnetic structures. Our theoretical results show that the presence of theMgO interface results in a strain that changes the magnetic configuration which drives the anomalous behavior. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg) Assessment of natural radioactivity and associated radiation hazards in sand building material used in Douala Littoral Region of Cameroon, using gamma spectrometryGuembou Shouop, Cébastien Joel ; Ndontchueng Moyo, Maurice; Chene, Grégoire et alin Environmental Earth Sciences (2017), 76(164), Twenty-four sand samples were collected from different sand quarries from Douala Littoral Region (Wouri, Dibamba, Mungo and Docteur Anse rivers and Atlantic Sea) along the Guinea Golf. These samples were ... [more ▼]Twenty-four sand samples were collected from different sand quarries from Douala Littoral Region (Wouri, Dibamba, Mungo and Docteur Anse rivers and Atlantic Sea) along the Guinea Golf. These samples were investigated using gamma-ray spectrometry system. Highest values of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K measured specific activities expressed in Bq Kg−1 units were, respectively, 146.7 (in Youpoue–Bamenda 2) 102.9 (in Village 1) and 928 (in Northern Akwa 6) while the lowest values were found to be, respectively, 11.8 (in Northern Akwa 6), 8.0 (in Bonaberi–Bonamikano 4) and 54.0 (Youpoue 3). The potential radiological hazards parameters were assessed by calculating successively radium equivalent activity (Raeq), outdoor absorbed gamma dose rate (Dout), annual effective dose rate, internal hazard (Hin) and external hazard (Hex) indices and alpha and gamma index from using those sand in the construction of dwellings and large buildings. Results obtained show that annual dose absorbed by inhabitants due to sand construction use in Douala is below 1.0 mSv year−1. Therefore, most of the types of sands studied and incorporated in constructions appear to be safe as building material. The outputs from this research will be useful to assess the radiation hazards of sand building material in humans and to initiate a sand database together with a radiological map of the area at stake. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 30 (1 ULg) Effect of different tillage systems on aggregate structure and inner distribution of organic carbonGao, Lili ; Beckers, Eléonore ; Liang, Guopeng et alin Geoderma (2017), 288Tillage is a common agricultural practice affecting soil structure and biogeochemistry. Pore network geometries are crucial to oxygen concentration, gas diffusivity, water location and water movement ... [more ▼]Tillage is a common agricultural practice affecting soil structure and biogeochemistry. Pore network geometries are crucial to oxygen concentration, gas diffusivity, water location and water movement. Soil aggregates, 4–6 mm in diameter and collected from silty loam in Belgium and sandy loam in China, were scanned using a micro-computed tomography scanner. Images with a pixel size of 6.9 μm were then processed with ImageJ software for pore network analysis. The treatments were no tillage (C-NT) and conventional tillage (C-CT) in China, and shallow tillage (G-ST) and conventional tillage (G-CT) in Belgium. The results showed that aggregates in conservational tillage (G-ST and C-NT) had numerous connected pores compared with conventional tillage (G-CT and C-CT). The Euler number (Ev) was significantly lower and visible total porosity and surface area (SA) were significantly higher in conservational tillage (G-ST and C-NT) than in conventional tillage (G-CT and C-CT) in both studied locations. The predominant size of pores was significantly higher in conservational tillage (G-ST and C-NT) than in conventional tillage (G-CT and C-CT) (> 150 μm vs 90–120 μm). Pore location within the aggregates also showed differences, with porosity being evenly distributed in the aggregates under conventional tillage (G-CT and C-CT). Under conservational tillage (G-ST and C-NT), the aggregates were heterogeneous, showing higher porosity at the center of the aggregates. There was a higher soil organic carbon (SOC) content in the external layer than in the internal layer in conservational tillage in Belgium (G-ST). In no tillage in China (C-NT), the SOC in the external and internal layers, however, showed similar results. Overall, conventional tillage (G-CT and C-CT) reduced the proportion of the largest pores within soil aggregates, whereas there was no significant relationship between pore morphologies and SOC content. Further investigation is required to measure the active and slow carbon pool distribution in the different layers and under different tillage practices. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 29 (5 ULg) The desire of parenthood: intuitive co-parental behaviors and quality of couple relationship among Italian and Belgian same-sex and opposite-sex couples.Miscioscia, Marina ; Blavier, Adelaïde ; Pagone, Paolo et alin Frontiers in Psychology (2017), 8(110), Studies that focused on family issues have allowed a great understanding of the aspectsrelated to its subsystems, such as parenting desire and its expectations, couples’satisfaction and quality of child’s ... [more ▼]Studies that focused on family issues have allowed a great understanding of the aspectsrelated to its subsystems, such as parenting desire and its expectations, couples’satisfaction and quality of child’s outcomes. All these aspects are greatly interconnectedand contribute to the creation of specific family dynamics, such as the quality offamily interactions. The present study focuses on intuitive co-parental behaviors andthe quality of couple relationship observed during the decision process (intention anddesire) to be (or become) parents. Our first goal was to explore these aspects ina cross-national sample made of Italian and Belgian heterosexual, lesbian and gaycouples. We then aimed to evaluate if the degree of internalized homophobia affectsco-parental alliance. The quality of couple relationship and co-parental behaviors havebeen evaluated through the recruitment of a group of 115 stable heterosexual, gay andlesbian couples (230 individuals, 20–50 years of age) without children, who wanted tobecome parents. We used the Prenatal Lausanne Trilogue Play to evaluate the Co-parental Alliance; the couple’s satisfaction was assessed with the Dyadic AdjustmentScale and the Internalized Homophobia with the MISS-LG. In line with the existentliterature, the analysis did not find any difference between lesbian, gay and heterosexualcouples in terms of co-parental alliance. High levels of couple adjustment lead to betterparental performances among both Italian and Belgian couples. The results suggestalso that sexual stigma differs from one country to another, and it has an impact on thecapability of managing co-parenting. Clinical implications should be verified in furtherlongitudinal studies in order to observe the impact on the inter-generational transmissionof psychopathology. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 ULg) Use of primary and secondary polyvinylamines for efficient gene transfectionDréan, Mathilde; Debuigne, Antoine ; Gonçalves, Christine et alin Biomacromolecules (2017), 18(2), 440-441Gene transfection with polymeric carrier remains a challenge, particularly high transfection levels combined with low toxicity are hard to achieve. We herein revisit polyvinylamines, an old and neglected ... [more ▼]Gene transfection with polymeric carrier remains a challenge, particularly high transfection levels combined with low toxicity are hard to achieve. We herein revisit polyvinylamines, an old and neglected family of cationic polymers. They can be readily obtained by controlled hydrolysis of polyvinylamides prepared through (controlled) radical polymerization. A series of tailor-made and well-defined polyvinylamines bearing primary amino groups, and poly(N- methylvinylamine) bearing secondary amines, were evaluated for the transfection of cells with pDNA as a function of their molar mass, molar mass distribution and degree of deacetylation. Unexpected high transfection levels, in combination with low cytotoxicity were recorded for both series. Surprisingly, a great impact of the molar mass was observed for the primary amine polyvinylamine series, whereas the results were mostly independent on molar mass or dispersity for the polymer bearing secondary amine. It was further established that a certain percentage of acetamide groups increased the transfection level, while maintaining low cytotoxicity. These results highlight for the first time the real potential of polyvinylamines as gene carriers, and make these polymers very attractive for further development in gene therapy. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 23 (11 ULg) How phosphorus limitation can control climate-active gas sources and sinksGypens, Nathalie; Borges, Alberto ; Ghyoot, Carolinein Journal of Marine Systems (2017), 170Since the 1950's, anthropogenic activities have increased nutrient river loads to European coastal areas. Subsequent implementation of nutrient reduction policies have led to considerably reduction of ... [more ▼]Since the 1950's, anthropogenic activities have increased nutrient river loads to European coastal areas. Subsequent implementation of nutrient reduction policies have led to considerably reduction of phosphorus (P) loads from the mid-1980's, while nitrogen (N) loads were maintained, inducing a P limitation of phytoplankton growth in many eutrophied coastal areas such as the Southern Bight f the North Sea (SBNS). When dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP) is limiting, most phytoplankton organisms are able to indirectly acquire P from dissolved organic P (DOP). We investigate the impact of DOP use on phytoplankton production and atmospheric fluxes of CO2 and dimethylsulfide (DMS) in the SBNS from 1951 to 2007 using an extended version of the RMIRO-BIOGAS model. This model includes a description of the ability of phytoplankton organisms to use DOP as a source of P. Results show that primary production can increase up to 30% due to DOP uptake under limiting DIP conditions. Consequently, simulated DMS emissions also increase proportionally while CO2 emissions to the atmosphere decrease, relative to the reference simulation without DOP uptake [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg) Thermoelectric properties of layered calcium cobaltite Ca3Co4O9 from hybrid functional first-principles calculationsLemal, Sébastien ; Varignon, Julien ; Bilc, Daniel et alin Physical Review B (2017), 95Using a combination of first-principles calculations based on density functional theory and Boltzmann semiclassical transport theory, we compute and study the properties of pristine layered calcium ... [more ▼]Using a combination of first-principles calculations based on density functional theory and Boltzmann semiclassical transport theory, we compute and study the properties of pristine layered calcium cobaltite Ca3Co4O9. We model the system with the B1WC hybrid functional. Two supercells of increasing size which approximate the incommensurate crystallographic structure of the compound are studied and we determine their structural, magnetic, and electronic properties. It is found that the B1WC hybrid functional is appropriate to reproduce the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties, which are then extensively discussed. From the electronic band structure, the Seebeck (S) and electrical resistivity (ρ) tensors are computed using Boltzmann transport theory within the constant relaxation-time approximation. The differences between the diagonal components are detailed and reveal a strong in-plane anisotropy of the properties. The qualitative behavior of the averaged in-plane properties, S // and ρ//, is consistent with the measurements reported in the literature. Our calculation clarifies and provides a broad picture of the evolution of the thermoelectric properties with both carrier density and temperature, and suggests that the change in S// and ρ// around 100 K is not necessarily related to the magnetic transitions occurring around 100 K. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (3 ULg) Interactive family dynamics and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in psychiatric adolescent patients: a single case studyGatta, Michela; Miscioscia, Marina ; Sisti, Marta et alin Frontiers in Psychology (2017), 8(46), Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg) Le behaviorisme logique en questionDony, Arthur in Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (2017), XIII(1), 1-19Dans une démarche inspirée des sciences de la nature, le behaviorisme logique se présente comme une théorie philosophique visant à rendre compte des états mentaux de façon « objective », en réduisant ceux ... [more ▼]Dans une démarche inspirée des sciences de la nature, le behaviorisme logique se présente comme une théorie philosophique visant à rendre compte des états mentaux de façon « objective », en réduisant ceux-ci au comportement observable. Comme l’énonçait déjà Hempel, il s’agit de traduire tout énoncé psychologique en un énoncé où ne figurent plus que des concepts physiques de façon à faire l’économie de la dimension subjective de l’expérience, laquelle ne constituerait rien de plus qu’un simple rouage à vide, inessentiel à l’état mental lui-même. Dans cet article, je propose d’examiner les principaux arguments, désormais jugés classiques, avancés par Wittgenstein, Ryle et Dennett en faveur de cette théorie. Mon but est non seulement de mettre au jour les déficiences de l’argumentation et les présupposés problématiques qui la guident, mais plus fondamentalement de montrer en quoi cette doctrine, en dépit de la popularité qu’elle s’est acquise en philosophie contemporaine, s’avère à l’analyse inconsistante. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 ULg) Modified Thomas splint-cast combination for the management of limb fractures in small equidsLadefogen, Soren; Grulke, Sigrid ; Busoni, Valeria et alin Veterinary Surgery : The Official Journal of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons (2017)Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg) “Don't pretend to be my friend!” When an informal brand communication style backfires on social mediaGretry, Anaïs ; Horváth, Csilla; Belei, Nina et alin Journal of Business Research (2017), 74Social media are now essential platforms for marketing communications, and the volume of consumer-brand in- teractions on these platforms is exploding. Even so, it remains unclear how brands should ... [more ▼]Social media are now essential platforms for marketing communications, and the volume of consumer-brand in- teractions on these platforms is exploding. Even so, it remains unclear how brands should communicate with consumers to foster relationships and, in particular, to gain their trust. A fundamental decision in this regard is the choice of a communication style, specifically, whether an informal or a formal style should be used in social media communications. In this paper, we investigate how adopting an informal (vs. formal) communication style affects brand trust and demonstrate that using an informal style can either have a positive or negative effect on brand trust, depending on whether consumers are familiar with the brand or not. We further show that these ef- fects occur because consumers expect brands to behave according to social norms, such that the use of an infor- mal style is perceived to be appropriate for familiar brands and inappropriate for unfamiliar ones. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 34 (2 ULg) Strong XUV irradiation of the Earth-sized exoplanets orbiting the ultracool dwarf TRAPPIST-1Wheatley, Peter J.; Louden, Tom; Bourrier, Vincent et alin Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2017), 465We present an XMM-Newton X-ray observation of TRAPPIST-1, which is an ultracool dwarf star recently discovered to host three transiting and temperate Earth-sized planets. We find the star is a relatively ... [more ▼]We present an XMM-Newton X-ray observation of TRAPPIST-1, which is an ultracool dwarf star recently discovered to host three transiting and temperate Earth-sized planets. We find the star is a relatively strong and variable coronal X-ray source with an X-ray luminosity similar to that of the quiet Sun, despite its much lower bolometric luminosity. We find L_x/L_bol=2-4x10^-4, with the total XUV emission in the range L_xuv/L_bol=6-9x10^-4. Using a simple energy-limited model we show that the relatively close-in Earth-sized planets, which span the classical habitable zone of the star, are subject to sufficient X-ray and EUV irradiation to significantly alter their primary and perhaps secondary atmospheres. Understanding whether this high-energy irradiation makes the planets more or less habitable is a complex question, but our measured fluxes will be an important input to the necessary models of atmospheric evolution. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg) A new asteroseismic diagnostic for internal rotation in γ Doradus starsOuazzani, Rhita-Maria; Salmon, Sébastien ; Antoci, V. et alin Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2017), 465With four years of nearly-continuous photometry from Kepler, we are finally in a good position to apply asteroseismology to $\gamma$ Doradus stars. In particular several analyses have demonstrated the ... [more ▼]With four years of nearly-continuous photometry from Kepler, we are finally in a good position to apply asteroseismology to $\gamma$ Doradus stars. In particular several analyses have demonstrated the possibility to detect non-uniform period spacings, which have been predicted to be directly related to rotation. In the present work, we define a new seismic diagnostic for rotation in $\gamma$ Doradus stars that are too rapidly rotating to present rotational splittings. Based on the non uniformity of their period spacings, we define the observable $\Sigma$ as the slope of the period spacing when plotted as a function of period. We provide a one-to-one relation between this observable $\Sigma$ and the internal rotation, which applies widely in the instability strip of $\gamma$ Doradus stars. We apply the diagnostic to a handful of stars observed by Kepler. Thanks to g-modes in $\gamma$ Doradus stars, we are now able to determine the internal rotation of stars on the lower main sequence, which is still not possible for Sun-like stars. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg) Glomerular filtration rate in healthy living potential kidney donors: a meta-analysis supporting the construction of the the Full Age Spectrum equation.Pottel, H; Hoste, L; Yayo, E et alin Nephron (2017), 135(2), 105-119Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg) Quantitative determination of salbutamol sulfate impurities using achiral supercritical fluid chromatographyDispas, Amandine ; Desfontaine, Vincent; Andri, Bertyl et alin Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2017), 134In the last years, supercritical fluid chromatography has largely been acknowledged as a singular and performing technique in the field of separation sciences. Recent studies highlighted the interest of ... [more ▼]In the last years, supercritical fluid chromatography has largely been acknowledged as a singular and performing technique in the field of separation sciences. Recent studies highlighted the interest of SFC for the quality control of pharmaceuticals, especially in the case of the determination of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API).Nevertheless, quality control requires also the determination of impurities. The objectives of the present work were to i) demonstrate the interest of SFC as a reference technique for the determination of impurities in salbutamol sulfate API and ii) to propose an alternative to a reference HPLC method from the European Pharmacopeia (EP) involving ionpairing reagent. Firstly, a screening was carried out to select the most adequate and selective stationary phase. Secondly, in the context of robust optimization strategy, the method was developed using design space methodology. The separation of salbutamol sulfate and related impurities was achieved in 7 minutes, which is seven times faster than the LC-UV method proposed by European Pharmacopeia (total run time of 50 minutes). Finally, full validation using accuracy profile approach was successfully achieved for the determination of impurities B, D, F and G in salbutamol sulfate raw material. The validated dosing range covered 50 to 150 % of the targeted concentration (corresponding to 0.3 % concentration level), LODs close to 0.5 μg/mL were estimated. The SFC method proposed in this study could be presented as a suitable fast alternative to EP LC method for the quantitative determination of salbutamol impurities. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 13 (3 ULg) Residential heat pump as flexible load for direct control service with parametrized duration and rebound effectGeorges, Emeline ; Cornélusse, Bertrand ; Ernst, Damien et alin Applied Energy (2017), 187This paper addresses the problem of an aggregator controlling residential heat pumps to offer a direct control flexibility service. The service consists of a power modulation, upward or downward, that is ... [more ▼]This paper addresses the problem of an aggregator controlling residential heat pumps to offer a direct control flexibility service. The service consists of a power modulation, upward or downward, that is activated at a given time period over a fixed number of periods. The service modulation is relative to an optimized baseline that minimizes the energy costs. The load modulation is directly followed by a constrained rebound effect, consisting of a delay time with no deviations from the baseline consumption and a payback time to return to the baseline state. The potential amount of modulation and the constrained rebound effect are computed by solving mixed integer linear problems. Within these problems, the thermal behavior of the building is modeled by an equivalent thermal network made of resistances and lumped capacitances. Simulations are performed for different sets of buildings typical of the Belgian residential building stock and are presented in terms of achievable modulation amplitude, deviations from the baseline and associated costs. A cluster of one hundred ideal buildings, corresponding to retrofitted freestanding houses, is then chosen to investigate the influence of each parameter defined within the service. Results show that with a set of one hundred heat pumps, a load aggregator could expect to harvest mean modulation amplitudes of up to 138 kW for an upward modulation and up to 51 kW for a downward modulation. The obtained values strongly depend on the proposed flexibility service. For example, they can decrease down to 2.6 kW and 0.4 kW, respectively, if no rebound effect is allowed. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 281 (28 ULg) The recent increase of atmospheric methane from 10 years of ground-based NDACC FTIR observations since 2005Bader, Whitney ; Bovy, Benoît ; Conway, Stephanie et alin Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (2017)Changes of atmospheric methane total columns (CH4/ since 2005 have been evaluated using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) solar observations carried out at 10 ground-based sites, affiliated to the Network ... [more ▼]Changes of atmospheric methane total columns (CH4/ since 2005 have been evaluated using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) solar observations carried out at 10 ground-based sites, affiliated to the Network for Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC). From this, we find an increase of atmospheric methane total columns of 0.31±0.03 %/year (2-sigma level of uncertainty) for the 2005–2014 period. Comparisons with in situ methane measurements at both local and global scales show good 10 agreement. We used the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model tagged simulation, which accounts for the contribution of each emission source and one sink in the total methane, simulated over 2005–2012. After regridding according to NDACC vertical layering using a conservative 15 regridding scheme and smoothing by convolving with respective FTIR seasonal averaging kernels, the GEOS-Chem simulation shows an increase of atmospheric methane total columns of 0.35±0.03 %/year between 2005 and 2012, which is in agreement with NDACC measurements over the same time period (0.30±0.04 %/year, averaged over 10 stations). Analysis of the GEOS-Chem-tagged simulation allows us to quantify the contribution of each tracer to the global methane change since 2005. We find that natural sources such as wetlands and biomass burning contribute to the interannual variability of methane. However, anthropogenic emissions, such as coal mining, and gas and oil transport and exploration, which are mainly emitted in the Northern Hemisphere and act as secondary contributors to the global budget of methane, have played a major role in the increase of atmospheric methane observed since 2005. Based on the GEOS-Chem-tagged simulation, we discuss possible cause(s) for the increase of methane since 2005, which is still unexplained. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 45 (9 ULg) Prix fixe du livre : les propositions belges contredisent-elles le droit européen de la concurrence ?Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter in Tijdschrift voor Belgische Mededinging [=TBM] = Revue de la Concurrence Belge [=RCB] (2017), 4Cet article analyse la compatibilité des propositions par les gouvernements communautaires belges des décrets relatifs aux prix fixes du livre, d'un point de vue du droit du marché intérieur ainsi que du ... [more ▼]Cet article analyse la compatibilité des propositions par les gouvernements communautaires belges des décrets relatifs aux prix fixes du livre, d'un point de vue du droit du marché intérieur ainsi que du droit européen de la concurrence. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg) Les marqueurs biologiques de l’arthrose: De la découverte à l’analyse biologique de routineHenrotin, Yves in Rhumatos (2017), 14(123), 180-183Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg) Chez Froidmont au Nord : lectures polyphoniques d’une quête identitaireBaiwir, Esther ; Adams, Juliette; Demonchaux, Chloé et alin Tortue verte. Revue en ligne des littératures francophones (2017)Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg) Discrepancies between the Cockcroft–Gault and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology (CKD-EPI) Equations: Implications for Refining Drug Dosage Adjustment StrategiesDELANAYE, Pierre ; Guerber, Fabrice; SCHEEN, André et alin Clinical Pharmacokinetics (2017), 56(2), 193-205Detailed reference viewed: 41 (3 ULg) Analysis and indications on long-term forecasting of the Oceanic Niño Index with wavelet-induced componentsDeliège, Adrien ; Nicolay, Samuel in Pure and Applied Geophysics (2017)The present paper provides an analysis and a long-term forecasting scheme of the Oceanic Niño Index (ONI) using the continuous wavelet transform. First, it appears that oscillatory components with main ... [more ▼]The present paper provides an analysis and a long-term forecasting scheme of the Oceanic Niño Index (ONI) using the continuous wavelet transform. First, it appears that oscillatory components with main periods of about 17, 31, 43, 61 and 140 months govern most of the variability of the signal, which is consistent with previous works. Then, this information enables us to derive a simple algorithm to model and forecast ONI. The model is based on the observation that the modes extracted from the signal are generally phased with positive or negative anomalies of ONI (El Niño and La Niña events). Such a feature is exploited to generate locally stationary curves that mimic this behavior and which can be easily extrapolated to form a basic forecast. The wavelet transform is then used again to smooth out the process and finalize the predictions. The skills of the technique described in this paper are assessed through retroactive forecasts of past El Niño and La Niña events and via classic indicators computed as functions of the lead time. The main asset of the proposed model resides in its long-lead prediction skills. Consequently, this approach should prove helpful as a complement to other models for estimating the long-term trends of ONI. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 30 (10 ULg) The importance of open data and software: Is energy research lagging behind?Pfenninger, Stefan; DeCariolis, Joseph; Hirth, Lion et alin Energy Policy (2017)Energy policy often builds on insights gained from quantitative energy models and their underlying data. As climate change mitigation and economic concerns drive a sustained transformation of the energy ... [more ▼]Energy policy often builds on insights gained from quantitative energy models and their underlying data. As climate change mitigation and economic concerns drive a sustained transformation of the energy sector, transparent and well-founded analyses are more important than ever. We assert that models and their associated data must be openly available to facilitate higher quality science, greater productivity through less duplicated effort, and a more effective science-policy boundary. There are also valid reasons why data and code are not open: ethical and security concerns, unwanted exposure, additional workload, and institutional or personal inertia. Overall, energy policy research ostensibly lags behind other fields in promoting more open and reproducible science. We take stock of the status quo and propose actionable steps forward for the energy research community to ensure that it can better engage with decision-makers and continues to deliver robust policy advice in a transparent and reproducible way. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 35 (4 ULg) Measurement of pleural pressure swings with a fluid-filled esophageal catheter vs pulmonary artery occlusion pressureVERSCHEURE, Sara ; MASSION, Paul ; GOTTFRIED, S et alin Journal of Critical Care (2017), 37Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg) Phenotypes to genetically reduce greenhouse gas emissions in dairyingde Haas, Yvette; Pszczola, Marcin; Soyeurt, Hélène et alin Journal of Dairy Science (2017), 100(2), 855-870Phenotypes have been reviewed to select for lower-emitting animals in order to decrease the environmental footprint of dairy cattle products. This includes direct selection for breath measurements, as ... [more ▼]Phenotypes have been reviewed to select for lower-emitting animals in order to decrease the environmental footprint of dairy cattle products. This includes direct selection for breath measurements, as well as indirect selection via indicator traits such as feed intake, milk spectral data, and rumen microbial communities. Many of these traits are expensive or difficult to record, or both, but with genomic selection, inclusion of methane emission as a breeding goal trait is feasible, even with a limited number of registrations. At present, methane emission is not included among breeding goals for dairy cattle worldwide. There is no incentive to include enteric methane in breeding goals, although global warming and the release of greenhouse gases is a much-debated political topic. However, if selection for reduced methane emission became a reality, there would be limited consensus as to which phenotype to select for: methane in liters per day or grams per day, methane in liters per kilogram of energy-corrected milk or dry matter intake, or a residual methane phenotype, where methane production is corrected for milk production and the weight of the cow. We have reviewed the advantages and disadvantages of these traits, and discuss the methods for selection and consequences for these phenotypes. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULg) Induced Drag Calculations with the Unsteady Vortex Lattice Method for Cambered WingsLambert, Thomas ; Dimitriadis, Grigorios in AIAA Journal (2017), 55(2), 668-672The Unsteady Vortex Lattice Method (UVLM) is an approach widely used to estimate the aerodynamic loads in unsteady subsonic flows. It is based on modeling the camber surface of a lifting body by means of ... [more ▼]The Unsteady Vortex Lattice Method (UVLM) is an approach widely used to estimate the aerodynamic loads in unsteady subsonic flows. It is based on modeling the camber surface of a lifting body by means of bound vortex rings. Even though this method has been known and used for several decades, there is little discussion of the modeling of the leading-edge suction in the literature. To address this concern, Simpson et al. [1] presented a comparison of two different ways to model this effect for the case of uncambered airfoils and wings in harmonic pitch or plunge motions. They concluded that the Joukowski method converges significantly faster than the Katz technique as the number of chorwise panels is increased. The present paper is an extension of the study by Simpson et al. to cambered lifting surfaces. It shows that the presence of camber can change radically the convergence performance of the two methods. For cambered wings, the Katz approach converges significantly faster than the Joukowski technique. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 52 (26 ULg) Pédagogie universitaire et Evaluation de l’enseignement par les étudiants Younes, Nathalie; Paivendi, Saeed; Detroz, Pascal in Education & Formation (2017), e307Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg) Learning from blind tests: Determining the function of experimental grinding stones through use-wear and residue analysisHayes, Elspeth H.; Cnuts, Dries ; Lepers, Christian et alin Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports (2017), 11Abstract Blind tests provide an objective means to evaluate the accuracy of functional interpretations based on the presence of use-wear and residue traces on stone tools. Previous blind tests have ... [more ▼]Abstract Blind tests provide an objective means to evaluate the accuracy of functional interpretations based on the presence of use-wear and residue traces on stone tools. Previous blind tests have highlighted interpretive errors commonly associated with use-wear and residue analyses leading to significant methodological developments in each of the respective fields. While a number of blind tests have been performed on flaked stone tools, only a single blind test has been published for use-wear on grinding tools. We present the results of a two-part blind test performed on 15 experimental grinding implements that were used in a controlled setting, designed to evaluate the relative importance of residue analysis for determining the worked material (1) when contextual information is available and (2) when contextual information is absent. We argue that use-wear and residue analyses are successful procedures to identify the use of grinding stones, and that residue analysis may be a particularly valuable means for determining the worked material on tools that have insufficient use-wear development. We suggest that residues should be sufficiently abundant to infer use, if we are to avoid the potential confusion caused by contamination. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 20 (4 ULg) Description of patients consulting the voice clinic regarding gender, age, occupational status, and diagnosisRemacle, Angélique ; Petitfils, Cloé; FINCK, Camille et alin European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology : Official Journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) (2017), 274(3), 1567-1576Purpose. To describe the gender, age, occupational status and diagnosis of dysphonic patients. Method. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 1079 patients examined at the Voice clinic of the ... [more ▼]Purpose. To describe the gender, age, occupational status and diagnosis of dysphonic patients. Method. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 1079 patients examined at the Voice clinic of the University hospital of Liège in French-speaking Belgium. Results. Overall, seven out of 10 patients who attended the voice clinic for dysphonia were females. The patients’ ages ranged from 4 to 93 (mean=43.5). Females predominantly consulted at the age of 54 and males at the age of 9. Regarding the occupational status, workers represented more than half of our patients (53%), while 11.2% were unemployed, 15.4% were students, and 19.9% were retired. Regarding the diagnoses of the 1079 patients, nodules were the most common pathologies (n=182, 16.9% of the patients), prevailing in females (n=142, 18.8% of the females), encountered in 16.8% of the workers and 42.8% of the students consulting the voice clinic. Following nodules, laryngeal mobility disorders were diagnosed in 16.4% of the patients (n=177), mainly females (n=115), and was the most frequent diagnosis in retirees (n=75, 34.9%). Conclusions. The majority of the patients consulting the voice clinic for dysphonia were adult females, in their workforce, diagnosed with vocal nodules. The identification of the patients’ characteristics and diagnoses is important to develop treatments and prevention of dysphonia, estimate their costs, and allow comparisons across referral centers. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 50 (17 ULg) Electro dynamic fragmentation of printed wiring boards as a preparation tool for their recyclingMartino, Rémi; Iseli, Cedric; Gaydardzhiev, Stoyan et alin Minerals Engineering (2017)The use of Electro Dynamic Fragmentation (EDF) enables selective fragmentation of materials through generating electrical discharges as a means of fracturing. Liberated materials can be thus processed ... [more ▼]The use of Electro Dynamic Fragmentation (EDF) enables selective fragmentation of materials through generating electrical discharges as a means of fracturing. Liberated materials can be thus processed downstream in a more efficient way especially when value-added End-of-Life (EoL) electronic equipment is recycled. The aim of this study was to assess the benefits of the EDF technology towards processing of EoL printed wiring boards (PWBs) in view their recyclability. Printed wiring boards were comminuted using EDF at three different settings and with a hammer mill for comparative experiment. The products coming out were characterized by optical microscopy, SEM and liberation oriented leaching. Subsamples from the various EDF stages were inspected to investigate the progress of cracks and degree of copper layers exposure. The different energy levels used during the EDF processing have resulted in different degrees of PWBs damages, starting from components removal to entire structure perturbation and size reduction. EDF has resulted in generation of a lesser amount of fines, however the optimal approach in view energy efficient post-processing of the studied PWBs was the combination between single-stage EDF for components removal only with subsequent shredding of the depopulated boards. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 27 (5 ULg) Voyage[s] à travers le thymusGeenen, Vincent in Science et Culture (2017), (465), 14-15Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg) Two-domain and three-domain limit cycles in a typical aeroelastic system with freeplay in pitchVerstraelen, Edouard ; Dimitriadis, Grigorios ; Dal Ben Rossetto, Gustavo et alin Journal of Fluids & Structures (2017), 69Freeplay is a significant source of nonlinearity in aeroelastic systems and is strictly regulated by airworthiness authorities. It splits the phase plane of such systems into three piecewise linear ... [more ▼]Freeplay is a significant source of nonlinearity in aeroelastic systems and is strictly regulated by airworthiness authorities. It splits the phase plane of such systems into three piecewise linear subdomains. Depending on the location of the freeplay, limit cycle oscillations can result that span either two or three of these subdomains. The purpose of this work is to demonstrate the existence of two-domain cycles both theoretically and experimentally. A simple aeroelastic system with pitch, plunge and control deflection degrees of freedom is investigated in the presence of freeplay in pitch. It is shown that two-domain and three-domain cycles can result from a grazing bifurcation and propagate in the decreasing airspeed direction. Close to the bifurcation, the two limit cycle branches interact with each other and aperiodic oscillations ensue. Equivalent linearization is used to derive the conditions of existence of each type of limit cycle and to predict their amplitudes and frequencies. Comparisons with measurements from wind tunnel experiments demonstrate that the theory describes these phenomena with accuracy. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 35 (8 ULg) Clinical settings in knee osteoarthritis: Pathophysiology guides treatmentHerrero-Beaumont, Gabriel; Roman-Blas, Jorge A; Bruyère, Olivier et alin Maturitas (2017), 96Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common chronic joint disorder and its prevalence increases rapidly during midlife. Complex interactions of genetic alterations, sex hormone deficit, and aging with ... [more ▼]Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common chronic joint disorder and its prevalence increases rapidly during midlife. Complex interactions of genetic alterations, sex hormone deficit, and aging with mechanical factors and systemic inflammation-associated metabolic syndrome lead to joint damage. Thus, the expression of a clinical phenotype in the early stages of OA relies on the main underlying pathway and predominant joint tissue involved at a given time. Moreover, OA often coexists with other morbidities in the same patient, which in turn condition the OA process. In this scenario, an appropriate identification of clinical phenotypes, especially in the early stages of the disease, may optimize the design of individualized treatments in OA. An ESCEO-EUGMS (European Union Geriatric Medicine Society) working group has recently suggested possible patient profiles in OA. Hereby, we propose the existence of 4 clinical phenotypes – biomechanical, osteoporotic, metabolic and inflammatory – whose characterization would help to properly stratify patients with OA in clinical trials or studies. Further research in this field is warranted. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 21 (3 ULg) De l'évaluation des Enseignements à la régulation des pratiques des enseignants: quels possibles et quelles conditions ?Detroz, Pascal ; Verpoorten, Dominique in Education & Formation (2017), e307Cet article propose une modélisation des divers usages des résultats de l’évaluation des enseignements par les étudiants (EEE). Nous considérons l’usage et les effets sur les enseignements, mais également ... [more ▼]Cet article propose une modélisation des divers usages des résultats de l’évaluation des enseignements par les étudiants (EEE). Nous considérons l’usage et les effets sur les enseignements, mais également ceux produits sur le développement pédagogique des enseignants. Nous déterminons ensuite certains éléments du dispositif EEE favorisant une utilisation accrue et pertinente. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg) Enonciation et modes d'existenceDondero, Maria Giulia in Nouveaux Actes Sémiotiques (2017), 120Cet article aborde les relations entre sémiotique et philosophie latourienne à partir de la théorie de l’énonciation, cette dernière se situant tant aux fondements du projet disciplinaire de la sémiotique ... [more ▼]Cet article aborde les relations entre sémiotique et philosophie latourienne à partir de la théorie de l’énonciation, cette dernière se situant tant aux fondements du projet disciplinaire de la sémiotique francophone contemporaine qu’à la base de la réflexion de Bruno Latour, des années 1970 jusqu’à présent . Notre propos se déploie en deux moments : dans un premier temps, nous revenons sur l’article "Petite Philosophie de l’énonciation" (1998), et nous en suivons le développement dans l’Enquête sur les modes d’existence (2012). Dans un second temps, nous réalisons une rapide archéologie de la théorie de l’énonciation dans la sémiotique contemporaine, afin de mettre en lumière les liens entre différentes traditions sémiotiques et la théorie latourienne. Plus précisément, nous nous attachons aux propositions récentes de Jacques Fontanille et de Claudio Paolucci, en prenant également en considération les contributions d’Umberto Eco et Patrizia Violi. Il s’agit de voir comment les sémioticiens peuvent tirer profit de la théorie latourienne des modes d’existence et vice versa. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 54 (4 ULg) Preliminary evaluation of the effects of photobiomodulation therapy and physical rehabilitation on early postoperative recovery of dogs undergoing hemilaminectomy for treatment of thoracolumbar intervertebral disk diseaseBennaim, Michael; Porato, Mathilde ; Jarleton, Astrid et alin American Journal of Veterinary Research (2017), 78Detailed reference viewed: 29 (1 ULg) L'énonciation d'une synthèseBadir, Sémir in Nouveaux Actes Sémiotiques (2017)Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg) Cyanobacterial Contribution to Travertine Deposition in the Hoyoux River System, BelgiumKleinteich, Julia; Golubic, Stjepko; Pessi, Igor S. et alin Microbial Ecology (2017)Travertine deposition is a landscape-forming process, usually building a series of calcareous barriers differentiating the river flow into a series of cascades and ponds. The process of carbonate ... [more ▼]Travertine deposition is a landscape-forming process, usually building a series of calcareous barriers differentiating the river flow into a series of cascades and ponds. The process of carbonate precipitation is a complex relationship between biogenic and abiotic causative agents, involving adapted microbial assemblages but also requiring high levels of carbonate saturation, spontaneous degassing of carbon dioxide and slightly alkaline pH. We have analysed calcareous crusts and water chemistry from four sampling sites along the Hoyoux River and its Triffoy tributary (Belgium) in winter, spring, summer and autumn 2014. Different surface textures of travertine deposits correlated with particular microenvironments and were influenced by the local water flow. In all microenvironments, we have identified the cyanobacterium Phormidium incrustatum (Nägeli) Gomont as the organism primarily responsible for carbonate precipitation and travertine fabric by combining morphological analysis with molecular sequencing (16S rRNA gene and ITS, the Internal Transcribed Spacer fragments), targeting both field populations and cultures to exclude opportunistic microorganisms responding favourably to culture conditions. Several closely related cyanobacterial strains were cultured; however, only one proved identical with the sequences obtained from the field population by direct PCR. This strain was the dominant primary producer in the calcareous deposits under study and in similar streams in Europe. The dominance of one organism that had a demonstrated association with carbonate precipitation presented a valuable opportunity to study its function in construction, preservation and fossilisation potential of ambient temperature travertine deposits. These relationships were examined using scanning electron microscopy and Raman microspectroscopy. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (3 ULg)