References of "Scientific journals"      in Complete repository Arts & humanities   Archaeology   Art & art history   Classical & oriental studies   History   Languages & linguistics   Literature   Performing arts   Philosophy & ethics   Religion & theology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Business & economic sciences   Accounting & auditing   Production, distribution & supply chain management   Finance   General management & organizational theory   Human resources management   Management information systems   Marketing   Strategy & innovation   Quantitative methods in economics & management   General economics & history of economic thought   International economics   Macroeconomics & monetary economics   Microeconomics   Economic systems & public economics   Social economics   Special economic topics (health, labor, transportation…)   Multidisciplinary, general & others Engineering, computing & technology   Aerospace & aeronautics engineering   Architecture   Chemical engineering   Civil engineering   Computer science   Electrical & electronics engineering   Energy   Geological, petroleum & mining engineering   Materials science & engineering   Mechanical engineering   Multidisciplinary, general & others Human health sciences   Alternative medicine   Anesthesia & intensive care   Cardiovascular & respiratory systems   Dentistry & oral medicine   Dermatology   Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition   Forensic medicine   Gastroenterology & hepatology   General & internal medicine   Geriatrics   Hematology   Immunology & infectious disease   Laboratory medicine & medical technology   Neurology   Oncology   Ophthalmology   Orthopedics, rehabilitation & sports medicine   Otolaryngology   Pediatrics   Pharmacy, pharmacology & toxicology   Psychiatry   Public health, health care sciences & services   Radiology, nuclear medicine & imaging   Reproductive medicine (gynecology, andrology, obstetrics)   Rheumatology   Surgery   Urology & nephrology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Law, criminology & political science   Civil law   Criminal law & procedure   Criminology   Economic & commercial law   European & international law   Judicial law   Metalaw, Roman law, history of law & comparative law   Political science, public administration & international relations   Public law   Social law   Tax law   Multidisciplinary, general & others Life sciences   Agriculture & agronomy   Anatomy (cytology, histology, embryology...) & physiology   Animal production & animal husbandry   Aquatic sciences & oceanology   Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology   Biotechnology   Entomology & pest control   Environmental sciences & ecology   Food science   Genetics & genetic processes   Microbiology   Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)   Veterinary medicine & animal health   Zoology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences   Chemistry   Earth sciences & physical geography   Mathematics   Physics   Space science, astronomy & astrophysics   Multidisciplinary, general & others Social & behavioral sciences, psychology   Animal psychology, ethology & psychobiology   Anthropology   Communication & mass media   Education & instruction   Human geography & demography   Library & information sciences   Neurosciences & behavior   Regional & inter-regional studies   Social work & social policy   Sociology & social sciences   Social, industrial & organizational psychology   Theoretical & cognitive psychology   Treatment & clinical psychology   Multidisciplinary, general & others     Showing results 901 to 1000 of 54275     5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15     ORCHIDEE-CROP (v0), a new process based Agro-Land Surface Model: model description and evaluation over EuropeWu, Xiuchen; Vuichard, N.; Ciais, P. et alin Geoscientific Model Development Discussions [=GMDD] (2016), 8Detailed reference viewed: 33 (4 ULg) Physico-chemical properties and amino acid profiles of sap from Tunisian date palmMakhouf-Gafsi, Ines; Mokni-Ghribi, Abir; Brahim, Bchir et alin Scientia Agricola (2016), 73(1), 85-90Date palm sap (Phoenix dactylifera L.), also known as "legmi", is a fresh juice ex¬tracted from date palm trees. The present study aimed to elucidate the effects of collection time (at the beginning of ... [more ▼]Date palm sap (Phoenix dactylifera L.), also known as "legmi", is a fresh juice ex¬tracted from date palm trees. The present study aimed to elucidate the effects of collection time (at the beginning of the tapping period and after seven days of collection) on the amino acid profile and physico-chemical properties of date palm sap from both male and female trees. Dry matter, protein, amino acid, and sugar profiles were determined using the Kjeldahl method, High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), and High-Performance Anion-Exchange Chro¬matography with Pulsed Amperometric Detection (HPAEC-PAD), respectively. Date palm sap from both male and female trees contained high levels of carbohydrates. HPLC analysis showed that this fraction was dominated by sucrose in the sap sample from female trees compared to that from male trees. Male date palm sap was noted to exhibit lower dry matter content than female date palm sap but higher protein, total polyphenol, ash, and amino acid contents. While the major essential amino acids in the sap from male trees consisted of valine and threonine, they were represented by lysine and phenylalanine in sap samples from female trees. Further, Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis showed the presence of a proteinic band of 30 kDa only for the sap from male trees. Taken together, the sap from both male and female date palm trees had a number of properties that are highly valued by the functional food industry. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 30 (2 ULg) Synthesis of hydrophilic CuInS2/ZnS quantum dots with different polymeric shells and study of their cytotoxicity and hemocompatibilitySperanskaya, Elena Sergeevna; Sevrin, Chantal ; De Saeger, Sarah et alin ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces (2016)Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg) L’impact des activités non agricoles sur la pauvreté et l’inégalité rurales dans les groupements Bugorhe et Irhambi-Katana (Territoire de Kabare, Province du Sud-Kivu)Furaha Mirindi, Germaine ; Namegabe Mastaki, Jean Luc; Lebailly, Philippe in JOURNAL OF ORIENTAL AND AFRICAN STUDIES (2016), 25Using a survey on the socio-economic situation of households in 2012, the study analyses the effect of non farm income on inequality and poverty alleviation in a rural area of the Democratic Republic of ... [more ▼]Using a survey on the socio-economic situation of households in 2012, the study analyses the effect of non farm income on inequality and poverty alleviation in a rural area of the Democratic Republic of Congo, by comparing a group of households practicing agriculture only and another group which combines agriculture and nonfarm activities. The approach used considers non farm income as an exogenous transfer which completes the whole household income, and analyses the contribution of different sources of income on the inequality in using the Gini index. The results show that inequality increases when a segment of the population does not have access to non-agricultural income. In this case, non farm income is not a substitute of farm income, rather the complement. The poverty analysis is based on the Congolese rural threshold poverty in terms of basic needs to calculate the rate, depth and severity of poverty indexes in using of Foster- Greer-Thorbecke. The results show that households practicing agriculture only are poorer. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 40 (6 ULg) Subunit Asa1 spans all the peripheral stalk of the mitochondrial ATP synthase of the chlorophycean alga Polytomella sp.Colina-Tenorio, Lilia; Miranda-Astudillo, Hector; Cano-Estrada, Araceli et alin Biochimica et biophysica acta (2016)Mitochondrial F1FO-ATP synthase of chlorophycean algae is dimeric. It contains eight orthodox subunits (alpha, beta, gamma, delta, epsilon, OSCP, a and c) and nine atypical subunits (Asa1 to 9). These ... [more ▼]Mitochondrial F1FO-ATP synthase of chlorophycean algae is dimeric. It contains eight orthodox subunits (alpha, beta, gamma, delta, epsilon, OSCP, a and c) and nine atypical subunits (Asa1 to 9). These subunits build the peripheral stalk of the enzyme and stabilize its dimeric structure. The location of the 66.1kDa subunit Asa1 has been debated. On one hand, it was found in a transient subcomplex that contained membrane-bound subunits Asa1/Asa3/Asa5/Asa8/a (Atp6)/c (Atp9). On the other hand, Asa1 was proposed to form the bulky structure of the peripheral stalk that contacts the OSCP subunit in the F1 sector. Here, we overexpressed and purified the recombinant proteins Asa1 and OSCP and explored their interactions in vitro, using immunochemical techniques and affinity chromatography. Asa1 and OSCP interact strongly, and the carboxy-terminal half of OSCP seems to be instrumental for this association. In addition, the algal ATP synthase was partially dissociated at relatively high detergent concentrations, and an Asa1/Asa3/Asa5/Asa8/a/c10 subcomplex was identified. Furthermore, Far-Western analysis suggests an Asa1-Asa8 interaction. Based on these results, a model is proposed in which Asa1 spans the whole peripheral arm of the enzyme, from a region close to the matrix-exposed side of the mitochondrial inner membrane to the F1 region where OSCP is located. 3D models show elongated, helix-rich structures for chlorophycean Asa1 subunits. Asa1 subunit probably plays a scaffolding role in the peripheral stalk analogous to the one of subunit b in orthodox mitochondrial enzymes. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 58 (4 ULg) A consensus statement on the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis (ESCEO) algorithm for the management of knee osteoarthritis - From evidence-based medicine to the real-life setting.Bruyère, Olivier ; Cooper, C.; Pelletier, J.P. et alin Seminars in Arthritis & Rheumatism (2016), 45(4 Suppl), 3-11The European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis(ESCEO) published a treatment algorithm for the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) in 2014,which provides ... [more ▼]The European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis(ESCEO) published a treatment algorithm for the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) in 2014,which provides practical guidance for the prioritization of interventions. Further analysis of real-world data for OA provides additional evidence in support of pharmacological interventions,in terms of management of OA pain and function, avoidance of adverse events, disease-modifying effects and long-term outcomes, e.g., delay of total joint replacement surgery, and pharmacoeconomic factors such as reduction in healthcare resource utilization. This article provides an updated assessment of the literature for selected interventions in OA, focusing on real-life data, with the aim of providing easy-to-follow advice on how to establish a treatment flow in patients with knee OA in primary care clinical practice, in support of the clinicians’ individualized assessment of the patient. In step 1, background maintenance therapy with symptomatic slow-acting drugs for osteoarthritis (SYSADOAs) is recommended, for which high-quality evidence is provided only for the prescription formulations of patented crystalline glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin sulfate. Paracetamol may be added for rescue analgesia only,due to limited efficacy and increasing safety signals. Topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may provide additional symptomatic treatment with the same degree of efficacy as oral NSAIDs without the systemic safety concerns. Oral NSAIDs maintain a central role in step2 Advanced management of persistent symptoms. However, oral NSAIDs are highly heterogeneous in terms of gastrointestinal and cardiovascular safety profile, and patient stratification with careful treatment selection is advocated to maximize the risk: benefit ratio. Intra-articular hyaluronic acid as a next step provides sustained clinical benefit with effects lasting up to 6 months after a short-course of weekly injections. As a last step before surgery, thes low titration of sustained-release tramadol, aweak opioid, affords sustained analgesia with improved tolerability. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 23 (12 ULg) Reference Method and Reference Material Are Necessary Tools to Reveal the Variability of Cystatin C AssaysBargnoux, Anne-Sophie; Kuster, Nils; Delatour, Vincent et alin Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine (2016), 140(2), 117-118Detailed reference viewed: 43 (4 ULg) Competing effects of volume change and water uptake on the water retention behaviour of a compacted MX-80 bentonite/sand mixtureGatabin, Claude; Talandier, Jean; Collin, Frédéric et alin Applied Clay Science (2016), 121-122Bentonite-based materials have been studied as potential barriers for the geological disposal of radioactive waste. In this context, the hydro-mechanical behaviour of the engineered barrier is first ... [more ▼]Bentonite-based materials have been studied as potential barriers for the geological disposal of radioactive waste. In this context, the hydro-mechanical behaviour of the engineered barrier is first characterized by free swelling conditions (as a consequence of the progressive filling of technological gaps) followed by constant volume conditions. This paper presents an experimental study conducted in order to characterize the water retention behaviour of a compacted MX-80 bentonite/sand mixture. The water retention properties upon wetting were investigated under both free swelling and constant volume conditions. In the high suction range, the water content was not influenced by the imposed volume constraints. On the contrary, swelling significantly affected the water retention behaviour at low suctions, and the quantity of water stored was higher under free swelling conditions than it was under prevented swelling. In this case, competing effects between bentonite swelling and water uptake did not lead to an increase of the degree of saturation upon wetting, as it was observed for samples wetted under constant volume conditions. The influence of the very strong hydro-mechanical coupling is further discussed. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 53 (8 ULg) Association Between Necropsy Evidence of Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation and Hemostatic Variables Before Death in Horses With Colic.Cesarini Latorre, Carlota ; Cotovio, M.; Rios, J. et alin Journal of veterinary internal medicine / American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2016), 30(1), 269-75BACKGROUND: Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is frequent in horses with severe gastrointestinal disorders. Postmortem studies have found fibrin microthrombi in tissues of these horses, but ... [more ▼]BACKGROUND: Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is frequent in horses with severe gastrointestinal disorders. Postmortem studies have found fibrin microthrombi in tissues of these horses, but studies relating these histopathological findings with antemortem hemostatic data are lacking. HYPOTHESIS: Antemortem classification of coagulopathy is related to the presence and severity of fibrin deposits observed postmortem in horses with severe gastrointestinal disorders. ANIMALS: Antemortem hemostatic profile data and postmortem tissue samples (kidney, lung, liver) from 48 horses with colic. METHODS: Tissue samples were stained with phosphotungstic acid hematoxylin and immunohistochemical methods for histological examination. A fibrin score (grades 0-4) was assigned for each technique, tissue and horse, as well as the presence or absence of DIC at postmortem examination. D-dimer concentration, prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), and antithrombin (AT) activity, as well as the clinicopathological evidence of coagulopathy, were determined from plasma samples collected 0-24 hours before death or euthanasia. Histologic and clinicopathologic data from the same horses were compared retrospectively. RESULTS: No association was found between antemortem classification of coagulopathy and postmortem diagnosis of DIC based on tissue fibrin deposition. None of the hemostatic parameters was significantly different between horses with or without postmortem diagnosis of DIC. There was no association between horses with fibrin in tissues or different cut-offs for D-dimer concentration and postmortem evidence of DIC. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Abnormalities of the routine clotting profile, including D-dimer concentration, were not useful in predicting histologic evidence of DIC at necropsy in horses with severe gastrointestinal disorders. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg) 2015 ESC Guidelines for the management of infective endocarditis.Habib, Gilbert; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ; Antunes, Manuel J. et alin Revista espanola de cardiologia (English ed.) (2016), 69(1), 69Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg) Saturn’s auroral morphology and field-aligned currents during a solar wind compressionBadman, S.V.; Provan, G.; Bunce, E.J. et alin Icarus (2016)Detailed reference viewed: 25 (6 ULg) Kinetic Study of Laboratory Mutants of NDM-1 Metallo-beta-Lactamase and the Importance of an Isoleucine at Position 35.Marcoccia, Francesca; Bottoni, Carlo; Sabatini, Alessia et alin Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy (2016), 60(4), 2366-72Two laboratory mutants of NDM-1 were generated by replacing the isoleucine at position 35 with threonine and serine residues: the NDM-1(I35T)and NDM-1(I35S)enzymes. These mutants were well characterized ... [more ▼]Two laboratory mutants of NDM-1 were generated by replacing the isoleucine at position 35 with threonine and serine residues: the NDM-1(I35T)and NDM-1(I35S)enzymes. These mutants were well characterized, and their kinetic parameters were compared with those of the NDM-1 wild type. Thekcat,Km, andkcat/Kmvalues calculated for the two mutants were slightly different from those of the wild-type enzyme. Interestingly, thekcat/Kmof NDM-1(I35S)for loracarbef was about 14-fold higher than that of NDM-1. Far-UV circular dichroism (CD) spectra of NDM-1 and NDM-1(I35T)and NDM-1(I35S)enzymes suggest local structural rearrangements in the secondary structure with a marked reduction of alpha-helix content in the mutants. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 ULg) Endocrine and social regulation of adult neurogenesis in songbirds.Balthazart, Jacques ; Ball, Gregory F.in Frontiers in neuroendocrinology (2016)The identification of pronounced seasonal changes in the volume of avian song control nuclei stimulated the discovery of adult neurogenesis in songbirds as well as renewed studies in mammals including ... [more ▼]The identification of pronounced seasonal changes in the volume of avian song control nuclei stimulated the discovery of adult neurogenesis in songbirds as well as renewed studies in mammals including humans. Neurogenesis in songbirds is modulated by testosterone and other factors such as photoperiod, singing activity and social environment. Adult neurogenesis has been widely studied by labeling, with tritiated thymidine or its analog BrdU, cells duplicating their DNA in anticipation of their last mitotic division and following their fate as new neurons. New methods based on endogenous markers of cell cycling or of various stages of neuronal life have allowed for additional progress. In particular immunocytochemical visualization of the microtubule-associated protein doublecortin has provided an integrated view of neuronal replacement in the song control nucleus HVC. Multiple questions remain however concerning the specific steps in the neuronal life cycle that are modulated by various factors and the underlying cellular mechanisms. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 26 (3 ULg) Targeted control of the saddle gall midge, Haplodiplosis marginata (von Roser) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), and the benefits of good control of this pest to winter wheat yieldCensier, Florence ; Chavalle, Sandrine ; San Martin y Gomez, Gilles et alin Pest Management Science (2016)BACKGROUND: Since 2010, there has been a resurgence of the saddle gall midge, Haplodiplosis marginata (von Roser), in Belgium and several other European countries, with this pest sometimes causing severe ... [more ▼]BACKGROUND: Since 2010, there has been a resurgence of the saddle gall midge, Haplodiplosis marginata (von Roser), in Belgium and several other European countries, with this pest sometimes causing severe damage in cereals. In 2012 and 2013, field trials were conducted in heavily infested fields to assess its impact on winter wheat crops and to determine efficient ways of dealing with severe infestations. RESULTS: Crop exposure to H. marginata varied with the different protection methods tried. These methods included one to four successive applications of lambda-cyhalothrin. Yield losses were significant, reaching 6% in 2012 and as high as 15% in 2013, and these losses were linearly related to the number of galls on stems. CONCLUSION: The trials showed that insecticide applications needed to be synchronized with H. marginata flight peaks and to target the egg hatching period. They also revealed that insecticides applied to coincide with the first flight could, in humid conditions, also reach the larvae close to the soil surface, prior to their pupation. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 34 (9 ULg) Study of intact virus-like particles of human papillomavirus by capillary electrophoresisBettonville, Virginie ; Nicol, Jérôme ; Thelen, Nicolas et alin Electrophoresis (2016), 37Virus-like particles of human papillomavirus (HPV-VLP), resulting from the self-assembly of the capsid proteins (L1 or L1 and L2), have been widely used to study HPV as they are similar to the native ... [more ▼]Virus-like particles of human papillomavirus (HPV-VLP), resulting from the self-assembly of the capsid proteins (L1 or L1 and L2), have been widely used to study HPV as they are similar to the native virion. Moreover, two prophylactic vaccines, Gardasil® and Cervarix®, are based on HPV-VLP L1. Analytical techniques currently used to characterize HPV-VLP, such as SDS-PAGE, Western blot, ELISA, are time-consuming and semi-quantitative. In this study, capillary electrophoresis (CE) was evaluated for the analysis of intact HPV16-VLP. The usefulness of capillary inner wall coating as well as various BGEs, pH and detergent additives were investigated. Reproducible HPV-VLP analysis in CE was achieved using poly(ethylene oxide) coated capillary and a BGE containing high salt concentration and low SDS concentration. The developed method enables HPV-VLP detection in less than 10 min (migration times RSD : 1.6 %). The identity of HPV-VLP peak was confirmed by comparison with a sample obtained from a wild-type baculovirus and with VLP-based vaccine, Gardasil®, after adjuvant dissolution. Finally, we applied the developed methodology to VLP-based vaccines, demonstrating that CE could be successfully used for vaccine quality control. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 54 (18 ULg) The Robust Economic Statistical Design of the Hotelling’s T^2 ChartFaraz, Alireza ; Chalaki, Kamyar; Saniga, Erwin et alin Communications in Statistics : Theory & Methods (2016)Economic statistical designs aim at minimizing the cost of process monitoring when a specific scenario or a set of estimated process and cost parameters is given. However, in practical situations the ... [more ▼]Economic statistical designs aim at minimizing the cost of process monitoring when a specific scenario or a set of estimated process and cost parameters is given. However, in practical situations the process may be affected by more than one scenario which may lead to severe cost penalties for upsetting the true scenario. This paper presents the robust economic statistical design (RESD) of the T^2 chart to reduce the monetary losses when there are multiple distinct scenarios. The genetic algorithm optimization method is employed here to minimize the total expected monitoring cost across all distinct scenarios. Through two numerical examples the proposed method is illustrated. Simulation studies indicate that the robust economic statistical designs should be encouraged in practice. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 68 (3 ULg) Sex differences in partner preferences in humans and animals.Balthazart, Jacques in Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences (2016), 371(1688), A large number of morphological, physiological and behavioural traits are differentially expressed by males and females in all vertebrates including humans. These sex differences, sometimes, reflect the ... [more ▼]A large number of morphological, physiological and behavioural traits are differentially expressed by males and females in all vertebrates including humans. These sex differences, sometimes, reflect the different hormonal environment of the adults, but they often remain present after subjects of both sexes are placed in the same endocrine conditions following gonadectomy associated or not with hormonal replacement therapy. They are then the result of combined influences of organizational actions of sex steroids acting early during development, or genetic differences between the sexes, or epigenetic mechanisms differentially affecting males and females. Sexual partner preference is a sexually differentiated behavioural trait that is clearly controlled in animals by the same type of mechanisms. This is also probably true in humans, even if critical experiments that would be needed to obtain scientific proof of this assertion are often impossible for pragmatic or ethical reasons. Clinical, epidemiological and correlative studies provide, however, converging evidence strongly suggesting, if not demonstrating, that endocrine, genetic and epigenetic mechanisms acting during the pre- or perinatal life control human sexual orientation, i.e. homosexuality versus heterosexuality. Whether they interact with postnatal psychosexual influences remains, however, unclear at present. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 40 (14 ULg) Combinaison fixe atorvastatine-ezetimibe (Atozet(R)).Scheen, André in Revue medicale de Liege (2016), 71(1), 47-52Cardiovascular prevention in subjects at high or very high risk requires a drastic reduction in LDL cholesterol according to the concept "the lower, the better". The combination of an inhibitor of ... [more ▼]Cardiovascular prevention in subjects at high or very high risk requires a drastic reduction in LDL cholesterol according to the concept "the lower, the better". The combination of an inhibitor of cholesterol synthesis and a selective inhibitor of intestinal absorption results in a complementary and synergistic LDL-lowering activity. Besides a first fixed combination ezetimibe-simvastatin (Inegy(R)), a new fixed combination is presented, Atozet(R) that combines atorvastatin and ezetimibe. Because atorvastatin is more potent than simvastatin, this novel fixed combination should facilitate reaching therapeutic goals in terms of LDL cholesterol amongst patients with severe hypercholesterolaemia and/or at high or very high cardiovascular risk. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULg) A Simple Tiered Methodology for the Determination of Ambient Air Quality GuidelinesPIRARD, Catherine ; Brouhon, Jean-Marc; Fourmeaux, Annick et alin Clean : Soil, Air, Water (2016), 44Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg) Quadratization of symmetric pseudo-Boolean functionsAnthony, Martin; Boros, Endre; Crama, Yves et alin Discrete Applied Mathematics (2016), 203A pseudo-Boolean function is a real-valued function $f(x)=f(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n)$ of $n$ binary variables; that is, a mapping from $\{0,1\}^n$ to ${\bbr}$. For a pseudo-Boolean function $f(x)$ on $\{0,1 ... [more ▼]A pseudo-Boolean function is a real-valued function$f(x)=f(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n)$of$n$binary variables; that is, a mapping from$\{0,1\}^n$to${\bbr}$. For a pseudo-Boolean function$f(x)$on$\{0,1\}^n$, we say that$g(x,y)$is a quadratization of$f$if$g(x,y)$is a Quadratic polynomial depending on$x$and on$m$auxiliary binary variables$y_1,y_2,\ldots,y_m$such that$f(x)= \min \{ g(x,y) : y \in \{0,1\}^m \} $for all$x \in \{0,1\}^n$. By means of quadratizations, minimization of$f$is reduced to minimization (over its extended set of variables) of the quadratic function$g(x,y)$. This is of some practical interest because minimization of quadratic functions has been thoroughly studied for the last few decades, and much progress has been made in solving such problems exactly or heuristically. A related paper initiated a systematic study of the minimum number of auxiliary$y$-variables required in a quadratization of an arbitrary function$f$(a natural question, since the complexity of minimizing the quadratic function$g(x,y)$depends, among other factors, on the number of binary variables). In this paper, we determine more precisely the number of auxiliary variables required by quadratizations of \emph{symmetric} pseudo-Boolean functions$f(x)$, those functions whose value depends only on the Hamming weight of the input$x\$ (the number of variables equal to 1). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 82 (12 ULg) Differential effects of context on psychomotor sensitization to ethanol and cocaineDidone, Vincent ; Quoilin, Caroline; Dieupart, Julie et alin Behavioural Pharmacology (2016), 27(2 & 3), 173-181Repeated drug injections lead to sensitization of their stimulant effects in mice, a phenomenon sometimes referred to as drug psychomotor sensitization. Previous studies showed that sensitization to ... [more ▼]Repeated drug injections lead to sensitization of their stimulant effects in mice, a phenomenon sometimes referred to as drug psychomotor sensitization. Previous studies showed that sensitization to cocaine is context dependent as its expression is reduced in an environment that was not paired with cocaine administration. In contrast, the effects of the test context on ethanol sensitization remain unclear. In the present study, female OF1 mice were repeatedly injected with 1.5 g/kg ethanol to test for both the effects of context novelty/familiarity and association on ethanol sensitization. A first group of mice was extensively pre-exposed to the test context before ethanol sensitization and ethanol injections were paired with the test context (familiar and paired group). A second group was not pre-exposed to the test context, but ethanol injections were paired with the test context (nonfamiliar and paired group). Finally, a third group of mice was not pre-exposed to the test context and ethanol was repeatedly injected in the home cage (unpaired group). Control groups were similarly exposed to the test context, but were injected with saline. In a second experiment, cocaine was used as a positive control. The same behavioral procedure was used, except that mice were injected with 10 mg/kg cocaine instead of ethanol. The results show a differential involvement of the test context in the sensitization to ethanol and cocaine. Cocaine sensitization is strongly context dependent and is not expressed in the unpaired group. In contrast, the expression of ethanol sensitization is independent of the context in which it was administered, but is strongly affected by the relative novelty/familiarity of the environment. Extensive pre-exposure to the test context prevented the expression of ethanol sensitization. One possible explanation is that expression of ethanol sensitization requires an arousing environment. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 61 (16 ULg) Flexible estimation in cure survival models using Bayesian P-splinesBremhorst, Vincent; Lambert, Philippe in Computational Statistics & Data Analysis (2016), 93In the analysis of survival data, it is usually assumed that any unit will experience the event of interest if it is observed for a sufficiently long time. However, it can be explicitly assumed that an ... [more ▼]In the analysis of survival data, it is usually assumed that any unit will experience the event of interest if it is observed for a sufficiently long time. However, it can be explicitly assumed that an unknown proportion of the population under study will never experience the monitored event. The promotion time model, which has a biological motivation, is one of the survival models taking this feature into account. The promotion time model assumes that the failure time of each subject is generated by the minimum of N independent latent event times with a common distribution independent of N. An extension which allows the covariates to influence simultane- ously the probability of being cured and the latent distribution is presented. The latent distribution is estimated using a flexible Cox proportional hazard model where the logarithm of the baseline hazard function is specified using Bayesian P-splines. Introducing covariates in the latent distribution implies that the population hazard function might not have a proportional hazard structure. However, the use of P- splines provides a smooth estimation of the population hazard ratio over time. The identification issues of the model are discussed and a restricted use of the model when the follow up of the study is not sufficiently long is proposed. The accuracy of our methodology is evaluated through a simulation study and the model is illustrated on data from a Melanoma clinical trial. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 27 (4 ULg) Like a bridge over troubled water – opening pathways for integrating social sciences and humanities into nuclear researchTurcanu, Catrinel; Schröder, Jantine; Meskens, Gaston et alin Journal of Environmental Radioactivity (2016), 153Research on nuclear technologies has been largely driven by a detachment of the 'technical content' from the 'social context'. However, social studies of science and technology - also for the nuclear ... [more ▼]Research on nuclear technologies has been largely driven by a detachment of the 'technical content' from the 'social context'. However, social studies of science and technology - also for the nuclear domain – emphasize that 'the social' and 'the technical' dimensions of technology development are inter-related and co-produced. In an effort to create links between nuclear research and innovation and society in mutually beneficial ways, the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre started fifteen years ago a ‘Programme of Integration of Social Aspects into nuclear research’ (PISA). In line with broader science-policy agendas (responsible research and innovation and technology assessment), this paper argues that the importance of such programmes is threefold. First, their multi-disciplinary basis and participatory character contribute to a better understanding of the interactions between science, technology and society, in general, and the complexity of nuclear technology assessment in particular. Second, their functioning as (self )critical policy supportive research with outreach to society is an essential prerequisite for policies aiming at generating societal trust in the context of controversial issues related to nuclear technologies and exposure to ionising radiation. Third, such programmes create an enriching dynamic in the organisation itself, stimulating collective learning and transdisciplinarity. The paper illustrates with concrete examples these claims and concludes by discussing some key challenges that researchers face while engaging in work of this kind. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULg) Middle Devonian Jawed polychate fauna from the type Eifel area, western Germany, and its biogeographical and evolutionary affinitiesTonarova, Petra; Hints, Olle; Könighsof, Peter et alin Palaeontology (2016)Detailed reference viewed: 30 (3 ULg) Reduction in cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial: A critical analysis.SCHEEN, André in Diabetes & metabolism (2016), 42(2), 71-6Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg) wicking through a confined micropillar arrayDarbois-Texier, Baptiste ; Laurent, Philippe ; Stoukatch, Serguei et alin Microfluidics and Nanofluidics (2016), 20Detailed reference viewed: 31 (6 ULg) A Mixed Integer Programming formulation for the three dimensional bin packing problem deriving from an air cargo applicationPaquay, Célia ; Schyns, Michael ; Limbourg, Sabine in International Transactions in Operational Research (2016), 23(1-2), 187-213The present paper looks into the problem of optimising the loading of boxes into containers. The goal is to minimise the unused volume. This type of problem belongs to the family of Multiple Bin Size Bin ... [more ▼]The present paper looks into the problem of optimising the loading of boxes into containers. The goal is to minimise the unused volume. This type of problem belongs to the family of Multiple Bin Size Bin Packing Problems. The approach includes an extensive set of constraints encountered in real-world applications in the three-dimensional case: the stability, the fragility of the items, the weight distribution and the possibility to rotate the boxes. It also includes the specific situation in which containers are truncated parallelepipeds. This is typical in the field of air transportation. While most papers on cutting and packing problems describe ad-hoc procedures, this paper proposes a mixed integer linear program. The validity of this model is tested on small instances. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 176 (53 ULg) Compte rendu de Christophe CHANDEZON, Julien DU BOUCHET (éds.), Artémidore de Daldis et l’interprétation des rêves. Quatorze étudesBerg, Tatiana in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (2016), 85Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg) Éthologie et criminologie clinique : Debuyst avec Demaret pour une éthique de l’adaptationAdam, Christophe; Englebert, Jérôme in Cahiers de Psychologie Clinique (2016), 47Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg) Is adult translocation a credible way to accelerate the recolonization process of Chondrostoma nasus in a rehabilitated river?Ovidio, Michaël ; Hanzen, Céline; Gennotte, Vincent et alin Cybium (2016), 40(1), 43-49The decline of the patrimonial rheophilic nase, Chondrostoma nasus (Linnaeus, 1758) populations was mainly caused by construction of dams and hydroelectric power-plants, together with the straightening ... [more ▼]The decline of the patrimonial rheophilic nase, Chondrostoma nasus (Linnaeus, 1758) populations was mainly caused by construction of dams and hydroelectric power-plants, together with the straightening and artificialization of the river banks and water pollution. In this study, we tested the hypothesis whether the translocation of few adult nase individuals from a river stretch to another upstream may be a credible way to accelerate the recolonization process of the species in the Amblève River (Southern Belgium). In February and March 2011, just before their spawning period, eight adult nases (462-509 mm; 1546-2002 g; presumed males and females) were captured in the lower part of the River Amblève. Fin clip samples were stored in alcohol for further genetic analysis. They were equipped with a 14 g radio transmitter and translocated upstream in a 18 km river stretch, where the species had disappeared since decades due to river anthropization. They were manually located two to five times/week using mobile receivers until maximum June 2012 (n = 977 locations). River temperature and flow were hourly recorded during the entire tracking period. The tagged nase individuals displayed various mobility patterns, exploited different areas of the river stretch, occupied longitudinal home ranges from 3.4 to 36.1 km (one individual finally left the new river stretch) and travelled total distances from 12.2 to 186.6 km. The tagged individuals were most of the times apart from one to another, but most individuals grouped together in potential spawning areas in late March-early April 2011, suggesting an attempt to reproduce. In September 2011, electric fishing in two potential detected spawning sites allowed to capture 16 juvenile (0+) nases, demonstrating the existence of spawning activity in the newly occupied river stretch. Individual genetic characterization was performed in 2014 in order to reveal a possible direct lineage between juveniles and adults. Allelic distribution of 22 microsatellite markers unambiguously identified the 16 juveniles as full-sib progeny descending from two of the translocated adults. This demonstrated that the adult nases succeeded to find spawning areas and that progeny found raised-up from the translocated individuals. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 80 (12 ULg) SHIP2 controls plasma membrane PI(4,5)P2 thereby participating in the control of cell migration in 1321 N1 glioblastoma.Edimo, William S Elong; Ghosh, Somadri; Derua, Rita et alin Journal of cell science (2016)Phosphoinositides, particularly PI(3,4,5)P3, and PI(4,5)P2, are recognized by SHIP2 a member of the inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase family. SHIP2 dephosphorylates PI(3,4,5)P3 to form PI(3,4)P2; the ... [more ▼]Phosphoinositides, particularly PI(3,4,5)P3, and PI(4,5)P2, are recognized by SHIP2 a member of the inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase family. SHIP2 dephosphorylates PI(3,4,5)P3 to form PI(3,4)P2; the latter interacts with specific target proteins (e.g. lamellipodin). Although the SHIP2 preferred substrate is PI(3,4,5)P3, PI(4,5)P2 could also be dephosphorylated to PI4P. Through depletion of SHIP2 in a glioblastoma cell line 1321 N1 cells, we show that SHIP2 inhibits cell migration. In different glioblastoma cell lines and primary cultures, SHIP2 staining at the plasma membrane partly overlaps with PI(4,5)P2 immunoreactivity. PI(4,5)P2 was upregulated in SHIP2-deficient N1 cells as compared to control cells; in contrast, PI4P was very much decreased in SHIP2-deficient cells. Therefore, SHIP2 controls both PI(3,4,5)P3 and PI(4,5)P2 levels in intact cells. In N1 cells, the PI(4,5)P2 binding protein myosin-1c was identified as a new interactor of SHIP2. Regulation of PI(4,5)P2 and PI4P content by SHIP2 controls N1 cell migration through the organization of focal adhesions. Thus, our results reveal a novel role of SHIP2 in the control of PI(4,5)P2, PI4P and cell migration in PTEN-deficient glioblastoma N1 cells. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg) Quasi-periodic injections of relativistic electrons in Saturn's outer magnetosphereRoussos, E.; Krupp, N.; Mitchell, D. G. et alin Icarus (2016), 263Detailed reference viewed: 18 (3 ULg) Manipulation et mobilisation en cas de cervicalgieDemoulin, Christophe in Cochrane (2016)Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg) Les catégories au seuil de la phénoménologieGauvry, Charlotte ; Fagniez, Guillaumein Etudes Philosophiques (Les) (2016)Le tournant du XXe siècle est marqué par un retour de la problématique catégoriale sur le devant de la scène philosophique, que ce soit chez Franz Brentano et ses élèves, chez Wilhelm Dilthey, chez les ... [more ▼]Le tournant du XXe siècle est marqué par un retour de la problématique catégoriale sur le devant de la scène philosophique, que ce soit chez Franz Brentano et ses élèves, chez Wilhelm Dilthey, chez les Néokantiens de l’école de Bade, ou chez les premiers pionniers de la phénoménologie. Tant et si bien qu’une certaine philosophie (celle d’Emil Lask par excellence) a pu se présenter comme une doctrine des catégories à part entière. L’enjeu de ce numéro est d’interroger la place historique et le rôle conceptuel qu’ont joué ces questions formelles dans l’émergence de la phénoménologie. Kant avait certes renoué avec la question aristotélicienne des catégories pour postuler l’existence de « purs concepts de l’entendement » ou « catégories », seuls susceptibles de « fournir de l’unité aux diverses représentations dans un jugement et [de] donner aussi à la simple synthèse de diverses représentations dans une intuition une unité » (KRV, §10). L’intérêt proto-phénoménologique pour les catégories se présente-t-il cependant comme un retour, par-delà l’idéalisme allemand, à cette problématique transcendantale kantienne ou bien plutôt comme un retour, par-delà Kant lui-même, à la question aristotélicienne ? Si les philosophes du début XXe se sont ressaisis de la question des catégories, il semble qu’ils aient à tout le moins reformulé, voire abandonné la méthode de la « déduction ». C’est ce travail de reformulation de la déduction transcendantale que le numéro entend également clarifier. Peut-on encore dire que ces catégories sont « déduites » des formes logiques du jugement, des objets logiques ou du mouvement même de la vie ? S’il y a lieu de mettre au jour un processus « génétique » de la catégorie, quelles sont les implications d’un tel déplacement relativement à la validité du catégorial ? Plus généralement, c’est le statut même de ces « catégories » qui sera analysé. Leur domaine d’application redéfini, peut-on les déterminer comme des concepts purs transcendantaux susceptibles d’unifier l’expérience sensible ? Les catégories ne doivent-elles pas plutôt être repensées comme des formes logiques, sémantiques ou même ontologiques ? Ainsi, c’est l’enjeu stratégique de la résurgence de cette problématique catégoriale, et ses répercussions directes sur l’émergence de la phénoménologie naissante (husserlienne et heideggérienne) que ce numéro interrogera. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 38 (3 ULg) The challenge of return-to-play decision after anterior cruciate ligament reconstructionDelvaux, François ; Croisier, Jean-Louis ; Kaux, Jean-François in Journal of Pain and Relief (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 ULg) Un moment machiavélien dans la théorie. Sur AlthusserOulc'hen, Hervé in Cahiers du GRM (2015), 8Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULg) Le droit constitutionnel de la Principauté de Liège au 18e siècleBehrendt, Christian ; Vandenbosch, Sofia in Revue Belge de Droit Constitutionnel [= RBDC] (2015), 2015Detailed reference viewed: 550 (171 ULg) Further insights into the metamorphosis process in a carapid fishParmentier, Eric in Journal of Zoology (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 20 (3 ULg) Le couplage « Micro-crédit, Micro-assurance santé et Offre des soins » peut améliorer l’accessibilité aux soins de santé de qualité en milieu urbain africain : Résultats d’une expérience menée dans la zone de santé de Bandalungwa à Kinshasa, Congo.Manzambi Kuwekita, Joseph ; Gosset, Christiane ; Guillaume, Michèle et alin Médecine et Santé Tropicales (2015), 25Summary This study, based on a survey carried out in 2008, examines how coupling «microcredit, micro-insurance and health care» can improve access to quality care in the health zone of Bandalungwa, in ... [more ▼]Summary This study, based on a survey carried out in 2008, examines how coupling «microcredit, micro-insurance and health care» can improve access to quality care in the health zone of Bandalungwa, in Kinshasa. The bivariate analysis shows a significant association between the increase in purchasing power and realization of benefit (p = 0, 001), achievement of benefit and savings (p = 0, 000) savings and insurance health and improved access to health care: according to the main results, 68.8 %t of borrowers reported an increase in their purchasing power which 81.8% making benefit. Those with savings were 24.7 times more likely to contribute to a health insurance scheme than those without; 71.9% of those who have regularly contributed to health insurance have improved their access to care. Coupling microcredit, health microinsurance and health care can improve access to quality health care at lower cost. This suggests the integration of health insurance in the primary health care system. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 152 (42 ULg) Circulating microRNA-based screening tool for breast cancerFreres, Pierre ; Wenric, Stéphane ; Boukerroucha, Meriem et alin Oncotarget (2015)Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are increasingly recognized as powerful biomarkers in several pathologies, including breast cancer. Here, their plasmatic levels were measured to be used as an alternative ... [more ▼]Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are increasingly recognized as powerful biomarkers in several pathologies, including breast cancer. Here, their plasmatic levels were measured to be used as an alternative screening procedure to mammography for breast cancer diagnosis. A plasma miRNA profile was determined by RT-qPCR in a cohort of 378 women. A diagnostic model was designed based on the expression of 8 miRNAs measured first in a profiling cohort composed of 41 primary breast cancers and 45 controls, and further validated in diverse cohorts composed of 108 primary breast cancers, 88 controls, 35 breast cancers in remission, 31 metastatic breast cancers and 30 gynecologic tumors. A receiver operating characteristic curve derived from the 8-miRNA random forest based diagnostic tool exhibited an area under the curve of 0.81. The accuracy of the diagnostic tool remained unchanged considering age and tumor stage. The miRNA signature correctly identified patients with metastatic breast cancer. The use of the classification model on cohorts of patients with breast cancers in remission and with gynecologic cancers yielded prediction distributions similar to that of the control group. Using a multivariate supervised learning method and a set of 8 circulating miRNAs, we designed an accurate, minimally invasive screening tool for breast cancer. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 51 (15 ULg) Reconstruction of the envelope of non-Gaussian structural responses with principal static wind loadsBlaise, Nicolas ; Canor, Thomas; Denoël, Vincent in Journal of Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics (2015), 149In current practice, structural engineers commonly focus on the wind-resistant design by means of static wind loads. In case of non-Gaussianities, there is room for improvement to properly derive these ... [more ▼]In current practice, structural engineers commonly focus on the wind-resistant design by means of static wind loads. In case of non-Gaussianities, there is room for improvement to properly derive these static loads. First, this paper extends in a non-Gaussian context the concept of the load-response correlation (LRC) method establishing equivalent static wind loads (ESWLs). This is done by a proper recourse to the new concept of conditional expected static wind load and a proposed bicubic model for the joint and conditional distribution functions. Second, this paper investigates the envelope reconstruction problem targeting the efficient reconstruction of the envelope values of a set of non-Gaussian structural responses by means of principal static wind loads (PSWLs). They have been introduced in a Gaussian context and are obtained by a singular value decomposition of ESWLs. This paper addresses the extension of PSWLs to non-Gaussian structural responses, as well. The developments apply to structures with a linear behavior and subjected to an aerodynamic pressure field exhibiting mildly to strongly non-Gaussian features. In this context, the well-known load-response correlation and conditional sampling methods are used for comparisons. This study is undertaken for quasi-static analysis of structures and is illustrated on a low-rise building. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 22 (4 ULg) Anticoherence of spin states with point-group symmetriesBaguette, Dorian ; Damanet, François ; Giraud, Olivier et alin Physical Review A (2015), 92We investigate multiqubit permutation-symmetric states with maximal entropy of entanglement. Such states can be viewed as particular spin states, namely anticoherent spin states. Using the Majorana ... [more ▼]We investigate multiqubit permutation-symmetric states with maximal entropy of entanglement. Such states can be viewed as particular spin states, namely anticoherent spin states. Using the Majorana representation of spin states in terms of points on the unit sphere, we analyze the consequences of a point-group symmetry in their arrangement on the quantum properties of the corresponding state. We focus on the identification of anticoherent states (for which all reduced density matrices in the symmetric subspace are maximally mixed) associated with point-group-symmetric sets of points. We provide three different characterizations of anticoherence and establish a link between point symmetries, anticoherence, and classes of states equivalent through stochastic local operations with classical communication. We then investigate in detail the case of small numbers of qubits and construct infinite families of anticoherent states with point-group symmetry of their Majorana points, showing that anticoherent states do exist to arbitrary order. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 35 (6 ULg) Skin ultrastructural similarities between fibromyalgia and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome hypermobility typeHermanns-Lê, Trinh ; PIERARD, Gérald in Journal of osteoarthritis (2015), 1(1), Fibromyalgia (FM) and hypermobility type Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDSH) share a series of common clinical signs. A clinical distinction between both diseases is occasionally difficult to be established ... [more ▼]Fibromyalgia (FM) and hypermobility type Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDSH) share a series of common clinical signs. A clinical distinction between both diseases is occasionally difficult to be established. The physical changes observed in the mechanical properties of skin and joints do not distinctly distinguish these disorders. In addition, similar ultrastructural dermal changes are observed in both EDSH and some FM cases. The molecular alterations remain largely undisclosed in both diseases. As a result, EDSH remains undiagnosed in some FM patients. This condition deteriorates quality of life and possibly leads to prominent health problems. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 70 (2 ULg) Dendroécologie du hêtre en forêt de Soignes : Les cernes des arbres nous renseignent sur les changements récents et futursLatte, Nicolas ; Kint, Vincent; Drouet, Thomas et alin FORÊT.NATURE (2015), 137(Octobre-Novembre-Décembre), 24-37La dendroécologie combine la dendrochronologie et l’écologie forestière. Elle a permis d’analyser les cernes des hêtres de la forêt de Soignes et de comparer les tendances dans le contexte plus large des ... [more ▼]La dendroécologie combine la dendrochronologie et l’écologie forestière. Elle a permis d’analyser les cernes des hêtres de la forêt de Soignes et de comparer les tendances dans le contexte plus large des hêtraies de Belgique. Depuis la fin des années ‘70, le hêtre devient de plus en plus sensible au climat, surtout en Soignes. L’augmentation de la fréquence et de l’intensité des sécheresses printanières et des canicules ont affecté négativement la croissance annuelle des hêtres. Les prévisions climatiques pour le 21e siècle présage une rapide aggravation. Les risques encourus par l’essence aboutissent à de nouvelles réflexions sur la gestion de la hêtraie de Soignes. Pour les peuplements existants : une sylviculture dynamique avec des éclaircies fortes et fréquentes afin de limiter la concurrence pour les ressources et favoriser la croissance individuelle des arbres. Pour la régénération des vieilles hêtraies : les remplacer par d’autres essences plus tolérantes ou favoriser le mélange et confiner le hêtre aux surfaces limitées des stations les plus fraîches. Un risque mesuré pourrait être pris en regard du rôle patrimonial des hêtraies cathédrales en Soignes. Toutefois, ce faciès peut être obtenu avec d’autres essences. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 42 (18 ULg) Ability of Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) to develop on alternative host plant speciesBawin, Thomas ; Dujeu, David; De Backer, Lara et alin Canadian Entomologist (2015)The tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is a widespread devastating pest reported to develop on economically important solanaceous crops. The characterization of its host ... [more ▼]The tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is a widespread devastating pest reported to develop on economically important solanaceous crops. The characterization of its host range could help to understand and prevent the dispersion behavior of the insect in the environment. In this study, the ability of T. absoluta to develop on 12 cultivated or non-cultivated plants including Solanaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Convolvulaceae, Fabaceae and Malvaceae species under laboratory conditions was assessed. For each plant species, we monitored the development times of immature stages, survival, sex ratios and adult fecundity rates. All the 6 tested non-solanaceous plants, including Chenopodium, Convolvulus and Malva species, were not able to sustain (i.e. allow growth and development) T. absoluta larvae. Among Solanaceae, Solanum species were the most suitable host plants for the pest, but others could be opportunistically colonized with fewer incidences. T. absoluta appears to be strongly related to solanaceous plants which would predominantly support self-sustaining field populations. Preventing crop infestation by removing potential host plants in the immediate field vicinity and culture rotations with non-solanaceous crops is of primary importance. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 52 (10 ULg) Real-time measurement of temperature variation during nanosecond pulsed laser induced contamination depositionKokkinos, Dimitrios ; Gailly, Patrick ; Georges, Marc et alin Applied Optics (2015), 54(36), 10579In this paper a study of the heat generation during UV Laser Induced Contamination (LIC) and potentially resulting subsequent thermal damage is presented. This becomes increasingly interesting when optics ... [more ▼]In this paper a study of the heat generation during UV Laser Induced Contamination (LIC) and potentially resulting subsequent thermal damage is presented. This becomes increasingly interesting when optics with delicate coatings are involved. During LIC radiation can interact with outgassing molecules both in the gas phase and at the surface, triggering chemical and photo-fixation reactions. This is a major hazard, in particular for laser units operating under vacuum conditions such as for space applications. The intense photon flux not only affects the contaminant deposition rate but also alters their chemical structure that can increase their absorption coefficient. Over cumulative irradiation shots these molecules formed deposits that increasingly absorb photons and produce heat as a by-product of de-excitation eventually leading to thermal damage. One could better asses the risk of the latter with the knowledge of temperature during the contamination process. For this purpose thermoreflectance technique is used here to estimate the temperature variation from pulse to pulse during contamination deposition through the analysis of a temperature-dependent surface reflectance signal. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 60 (23 ULg) Prediction of the post-dilution hematocrit during cardiopulmonary bypass. Are new formulas needed?ERPICUM, Marie ; Dardenne, Nadia ; HANS, Grégory et alin Perfusion (2015)Objectives: Predicting the post-dilution hematocrit is an important tool to avoid preventable anemia or unnecessary transfusion. Simplified empirical formulas currently used for such a prediction may lead ... [more ▼]Objectives: Predicting the post-dilution hematocrit is an important tool to avoid preventable anemia or unnecessary transfusion. Simplified empirical formulas currently used for such a prediction may lead to large errors. We aimed to improve the accuracy of these formulas by a better estimation of the dilution volume and the patient circulatory blood volume. Methods: We compared the estimation accuracy of two formulas, using fixed (formula A) versus estimated (formula D) dilution volume and patient circulatory blood volume for 100 cardiac interventions. The difference between predicted and measured HctT1 was considered as “good” if less than 0.5%, “moderate” between 0.5 and 2% and “poor” if higher than 2%. The influence of the body mass index (BMI) on patient blood volume estimation was explored by categorized groups’ comparison. Results: The mean difference between predicted and measured HctT1 differed significantly between formulas A and D. Formula A didn’t differ from HctT1 (p=0.19, IC95% [-0.89-0.18]), but a significant and higher underestimation was observed in the BMI⩽25 group compared to the other BMI groups (p<0.001). Formula D overestimated HctT1 (p<0.001, IC95% [1.01-1.93]) without a difference between the BMI groups. No difference was observed in their overall proportions of good (11 vs 10%), moderate (44 vs 46%) and poor predictions (47 vs 44%) (p=0.117). Conclusions: Formulas used for post-dilution hematocrit prediction lead to major estimation errors and a risk of inadequate transfusion practices. Estimations performed by experienced clinicians could not minimize these biases in all clinical cases as significant errors remain, with potential clinical impact. No estimation formula should be used as a hard tool for transfusing patients, but rather as a guide to predicting the probability of transfusion requirement. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULg) Water-Energy Nexus in Shared River Basins: How Hydropower Shapes Cooperation and CoordinationKouangpalath, Phimthong ; Meijer, Karenin Topical Issue on Sustainability in the Water-Energy-Food Nexus (2015), 2The construction of hydropower plants on transboundary rivers is seldom done with equal benefits to all riparians, and therefore presents coordination and cooperation challenges. Without a supra-national ... [more ▼]The construction of hydropower plants on transboundary rivers is seldom done with equal benefits to all riparians, and therefore presents coordination and cooperation challenges. Without a supra-national authority in charge of transboundary river basins, coordination between sectors (water, energy and environment) and cooperation between countries largely depends on willingness of the individual nation states and the power relations between these countries. This paper discusses how the interests and relative power positions of actors in transboundary water management shape the outcomes, and what roles are played by River Basin Organisations and foreign investors (especially in hydropower development). These issues are illustrated with examples from the Mekong river in Southeast Asia (Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam), the Euphrates-Tigris (Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran and Kuwait) and the Çoruh in Turkey and Georgia. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 41 (0 ULg) L'Italia e i processi di decolonizzazione : il caso del Congo belga (1957-1960)Genin, Vincent in Ventunesimo Secolo (2015), 36(Anno XIV (Giugno 2015)), 105-138This article, based on unpusblished archives, is devoted to the question : what was the impact of the decolonization of the Belgian Congo on Italian foreign Policy ((1957-1960) ? Facing a shared reality ... [more ▼]This article, based on unpusblished archives, is devoted to the question : what was the impact of the decolonization of the Belgian Congo on Italian foreign Policy ((1957-1960) ? Facing a shared reality with Belgium, the aim of this research is to study the attitude of Italian foreign policy, forced to maintain a balance between its position in the UN ; its relation with Belgium ; and the need to maintain influence, mainly through Financial penetration, in the newly independent Congo [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 22 (3 ULg) Analysis of the adoption of the passion fruit (Passflora Edulis) in farming systems, Matongo BurundiBashangwa Mpozi, Bosco ; Musabanganji, Edouard ; Ndimanya, Patrice et alin Poljoprivreda i Sumarstvo = Agriculture and Forestry (2015), 61(4), 117-124The commercial potential of passion fruit is expanding as demand for both fresh fruit and processed juice is increasing in Burundi. Due to the current situation with an unstable market of traditional ... [more ▼]The commercial potential of passion fruit is expanding as demand for both fresh fruit and processed juice is increasing in Burundi. Due to the current situation with an unstable market of traditional crops for export, farmers in Matongo have embraced passion fruit as a new source of household income. As the crop generates substantial revenues for farmers, wholesalers and processors, it is important to sustain this sector. The purpose of this research was to compare four variants of diffusionist arguments (age, sex, household size and level of education) and their expression into adoption. Comparative descriptive statistical analysis between adopters and non-adopters to test the essential factors, and participatory survey methods for gathering information were used. Our results showed a highly significant difference between the category of adopters and non-adopters at p < 0.01. However, no significant difference was found between adopters and non-adopters within level of education. Data on the level of education demonstrated that those with little or no education adopted more passion fruit [illiterates (48.9%) and primary level (45.9%)] than these with secondary level (5.2%). The heads of household adopters and non-adopters are mainly men at a rate of 83.7 and 88.3 %, and household size was not a discriminating factor. The factors that promote the adoption of passion fruit are high yield and continuous production, high market demand and permanent source of revenue. Defining only a few variables to analyse the adoption trend could mislead our findings. A participatory approach seems most appropriate for understanding adoption and non-adoption of innovation [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg) Public health impact and cost-effectiveness of dairy products supplemented with vitamin D in prevention of osteoporotic fracturesEthgen, Olivier ; Hiligsmann, Mickaël; Burlet, Nansa et alin Archives of Public Health (2015)Background: Dietary sources of calcium and vitamin D are recommended as a first-line strategy in prevention of osteoporosis-related fractures but their public health and economic impact has never been ... [more ▼]Background: Dietary sources of calcium and vitamin D are recommended as a first-line strategy in prevention of osteoporosis-related fractures but their public health and economic impact has never been studied. Methods: We designed a population-based model to forecast the potential health outcomes and medical effectiveness of the daily administration of dairy supplements containing 800 IU of vitamin D and 1 g of calcium in cohorts of subjects, from both genders, aged 50, 60, 70 and 80 years. Annual costs of dairy products were tested at €150, €250 and €350. Results: In total, the daily intake of vitamin-D rich dairy products reduces by 30,376 and 16,105 events the number of osteoporotic fractures in women and men respectively and permits to gain 6605 and 6144 life-years, in women and men respectively. This intervention is cost-effective from 70 years on in the general population and from 60 years on in patients at increased risk of osteoporotic fractures. Conclusion: The recommendation to use dairy products as the preferred source of calcium and vitamin D in aging males and females is supported by public health and health economic analyses. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 9 (7 ULg) Le droit de rétrocession, une garantie constitutionnelle pour l'exproprié?Vrancken, Martin ; Pâques, Michel in Administration Publique: Revue du Droit Public et des Sciences Administratives (2015)Revue de droit public et des sciences administrativesDetailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg) Impact of cyclonic and anticyclonic activity on Greenland ice sheet surface mass balance variation during 1980–2013Chen, L.; Fettweis, Xavier ; Knudsen, E. et alin International Journal of Climatology (2015)The Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) has experienced dramatic ice loss during recent decades, but the drivers of the surface mass balance (SMB) variation remain unclear. From a dynamical perspective ... [more ▼]The Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) has experienced dramatic ice loss during recent decades, but the drivers of the surface mass balance (SMB) variation remain unclear. From a dynamical perspective, extratropical cyclones and anticyclones are the major systems influencing Greenland weather conditions. Seasonal cyclonic and anticyclonic activities have been quantified for the area of 50°–90°N, 80°W–10°E during 1980–2013. Based on a singular value decomposition (SVD) analysis, we investigated the role of synoptic scale cyclonic and anticyclonic activities in determining snow accumulation (SA) and surface air temperature (SAT). Thus, the SA-driven and melt-driven SMB variability has been determined. SA-related synoptic patterns identified from the leading and the second SVD modes explain up to 80% of the inter-annual SMB variance, especially in southern and northwestern Greenland, where we found the largest and second largest amount of annual SA. SAT-related patterns account for up to 80% of the inter-annual SMB variation along the west and northwest coast of Greenland, where significant surface mass loss has been observed over the last decades. It should be noted that the negative phase of the SA-related pattern derived from the first SVD mode in June-July-August and the positive phase of the SAT-related (anti)cyclonic patterns have occurred more frequently since 2005, meaning that the phase change of these patterns has made a major contribution to the accelerated GrIS surface ice loss during recent years. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 51 (2 ULg) Integration Analysis of Three Omics Data Using Penalized Regression Methods: An Application to Bladder CancerPineda San Juan, Silvia ; Real, Francisco X; Kogevinas, Manolis et alin PLoS Genetics (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 33 (5 ULg) Serum calcitriol concentrations measured with a new direct automated assay in a large population of adult healthy subjects and in various clinical situationsSouberbielle, JC; CAVALIER, Etienne ; DELANAYE, Pierre et alin Clinica Chimica Acta (2015), 451 (Pt B)The measurement of calcitriol [1,25(OH2)D], is important for the differential diagnosis of several disorders of calcium/phosphorus metabolism but is time-consuming and tricky. We measured serum calcitriol ... [more ▼]The measurement of calcitriol [1,25(OH2)D], is important for the differential diagnosis of several disorders of calcium/phosphorus metabolism but is time-consuming and tricky. We measured serum calcitriol with a new automated direct assay on the Liaison XL platform in 888 healthy French Caucasian subjects aged 18–89 years, 32 patients with a surgically-proven PHPT, 32 pregnant women at the end of the first and at the end of the third trimester, and 24 dialysis patients before and after one year of supplementationwith vitamin D3 or placebo. The mean calcitriol concentration (±SD) in the healthy population was 52.9 ± 14.5 ng/L with a 95% CI interval of 29–83.6 ng/L. In PHPT patients, calcitriol concentration was 81.6±29.0 ng/L, 15 of them (46.9%) having a concentration N83.6 ng/L. In pregnant women, calcitriol was 80.4 ± 26.4 ng/L at the end of the first trimester, and 113.1±33.0 ng/L at the end of the third trimester, 12 (37.5%) and 26 (81.3%) of them having a calcitriol concentration N83.6 ng/L at the first and third trimesters respectively. In 14 dialysis patients, calcitriol was 9.5±7.7 ng/L and rose to 19.3 ng/L after one year of supplementation with 50,000 IU vitamin D3/month. In 10 other dialysis patients, calcitriol was 9.9±2.9 ng/L and remained stable (12.4±3.7 ng/L) after one year of placebo. In conclusion, this new automated calcitriol assay, in addition to presenting excellent analytical performances, gives the expected variations in patients compared to “normal” values obtained in an extensive reference population [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 20 (4 ULg) Framing the Concept of Citizenship in a Contested Nation-State: Reflections on KosovoMazur Kumric, Nives in Pécs Journal of International and European Law (2015), (II), 70-88Since the inception of the Republic of Kosovo in February 2008, the contouring of its statehood has been predominantly affected by four interwoven factors: the partial recognition of its sovereignty ... [more ▼]Since the inception of the Republic of Kosovo in February 2008, the contouring of its statehood has been predominantly affected by four interwoven factors: the partial recognition of its sovereignty, perplexed inter-ethnic relations, profound international interference and parallel jurisdictions with the Republic of Serbia. The efforts put forth to conceptualise the meaning and scope of Kosovo citizenship in such a sensitive socio-political environment have proved particularly challenging. This paper aims to provide an analytical framework for determining essential elements of Kosovo citizenship, with particular emphasis on its practical and ideological implications for the multicultural, yet ethnically divided society. This is done through an assessment of the key nation-constituting legal norms as well as the deep-rooted ethnic tensions sparked by conflicting perceptions of Kosovo's statehood by the majority (Kosovo Albanian) and minority (Kosovo Serbian) population. By formal definition, Kosovo is an indivisible state of all citizens, however, polarised majority-minority interests have impinged the constitutionally guaranteed civic spirit of the entity, thereby threatening not only national, but also wider international security and integrity. With the purpose of determining and delineating labyrinthine intersections of a contested nation-state, citizenship, 'communities' and security, the paper offers a comprehensive theoretical analysis of the respective quadrilateral nexus. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 29 (0 ULg) Influence of process operating conditions on solvent thermal and oxidative degradation in post-combustion CO2 captureLéonard, Grégoire ; Crosset, Cyril; Toye, Dominique et alin Computers & Chemical Engineering (2015), 83The CO2 post-combustion capture with amine solvents is modeled as a complex system interconnecting process energy consumption and solvent degradation and emission. Based on own experimental data ... [more ▼]The CO2 post-combustion capture with amine solvents is modeled as a complex system interconnecting process energy consumption and solvent degradation and emission. Based on own experimental data, monoethanolamine degradation is included into a CO2 capture process model. The influence of operating conditions on solvent loss is validated with pilot plant data from literature. Predicted solvent consumption rates are in better agreement with plant data than any previous work, and pathways are discussed to further refine the model. Oxidative degradation in the absorber is the largest cause of solvent loss while thermal degradation does not appear as a major concern. Using a single model, the process exergy requirement decreases by 10.8% and the solvent loss by 11.1% compared to our base case. As a result, this model provides a practical tool to simultaneously minimize the process energy requirement and the solvent consumption in post-combustion CO2 capture plants with amine solvents. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 90 (20 ULg) Assessing the O2 budget under sea ice: An experimental and modelling approachMoreau, S.; Kaartokallio, H.; Vancoppenolle, M. et alin Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene (2015), 3(000080), The objective of this study was to assess the O2 budget in the water under sea ice combining observations and modelling. Modelling was used to discriminate between physical processes, gas-specific ... [more ▼]The objective of this study was to assess the O2 budget in the water under sea ice combining observations and modelling. Modelling was used to discriminate between physical processes, gas-specific transport (i.e., ice-atmosphere gas fluxes and gas bubble buoyancy) and bacterial respiration (BR) and to constrain bacterial growth efficiency (BGE). A module describing the changes of the under-ice water properties, due to brine rejection and temperature-dependent BR, was implemented in the one-dimensional halo-thermodynamic sea ice model LIM1D. Our results show that BR was the dominant biogeochemical driver of O2 concentration in the water under ice (in a system without primary producers), followed by gas specific transport. The model suggests that the actual contribution of BR and gas specific transport to the change in seawater O2 concentration was 37% during ice growth and 48% during melt. BGE in the water under sea ice, as retrieved from the simulated O2 budget, was found to be between 0.4 and 0.5, which is in line with published BGE values for cold marine waters. Given the importance of BR to seawater O2 in the present study, it can be assumed that bacteria contribute substantially to organic matter consumption and gas fluxes in ice-covered polar oceans. In addition, we propose a parameterization of polar marine bacterial respiration, based on the strong temperature dependence of bacterial respiration and the high growth efficiency observed here, for further biogeochemical ocean modelling applications, such as regional or large-scale Earth System models [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 21 (1 ULg) Autosomal-Recessive Intellectual Disability with Cerebellar Atrophy Syndrome Caused by Mutation of the Manganese and Zinc Transporter Gene SLC39A8.Boycott, Kym M.; Beaulieu, Chandree L.; Kernohan, Kristin D. et alin American journal of human genetics (2015), 97(6), 886-93Manganese (Mn) and zinc (Zn) are essential divalent cations used by cells as protein cofactors; various human studies and animal models have demonstrated the importance of Mn and Zn for development. Here ... [more ▼]Manganese (Mn) and zinc (Zn) are essential divalent cations used by cells as protein cofactors; various human studies and animal models have demonstrated the importance of Mn and Zn for development. Here we describe an autosomal-recessive disorder in six individuals from the Hutterite community and in an unrelated Egyptian sibpair; the disorder is characterized by intellectual disability, developmental delay, hypotonia, strabismus, cerebellar atrophy, and variable short stature. Exome sequencing in one affected Hutterite individual and the Egyptian family identified the same homozygous variant, c.112G>C (p.Gly38Arg), affecting a conserved residue of SLC39A8. The affected Hutterite and Egyptian individuals did not share an extended common haplotype, suggesting that the mutation arose independently. SLC39A8 is a member of the solute carrier gene family known to import Mn, Zn, and other divalent cations across the plasma membrane. Evaluation of these two metal ions in the affected individuals revealed variably low levels of Mn and Zn in blood and elevated levels in urine, indicating renal wasting. Our findings identify a human Mn and Zn transporter deficiency syndrome linked to SLC39A8, providing insight into the roles of Mn and Zn homeostasis in human health and development. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg) The return of Turkey to the Western Balkans: a challenge or an opportunity for the European Union?Lika, Liridon in Politikon: IAPSS Journal of Political Science (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 15 (3 ULg) Evolution of the Northern Rockweed, Fucus distichus, in a Regime of Glacial Cycling: Implications for Benthic Algal PhylogeneticsLaughinghouse, Haywood, Dail; Müller, Kirsten; Adey, Walter et alin PLoS ONE (2015), 10(12), 0143795Northern hemisphere rockweeds (Fucus) are thought to have evolved in the North Pacific and then spread to the North Atlantic following the opening of the Bering Strait. They have dispersed and widely ... [more ▼]Northern hemisphere rockweeds (Fucus) are thought to have evolved in the North Pacific and then spread to the North Atlantic following the opening of the Bering Strait. They have dispersed and widely speciated in the North Atlantic and its tributary seas. Fucus distichus is likely near the ancestral member of this genus, and studies have shown that there are several species/subspecies in this complex (i.e. F. evanescens and F. gardneri). We used phylogenetic and haplotype analyses to test the phylogenetic relationships and biogeogra- phy of F. distichus. Our data and subsequent analyses demonstrate that, unlike previous studies that lacked samples from an extensive geographical area of the Arctic and Subarc- tic, there is a distinct Arctic haplotype that is the source of subspecies in both the North Pacific and North Atlantic. Fucus distichus occupies a low tide zone habitat, and in Arctic/ Subarctic regions it is adapted to the severe stress of sea ice coverage and disturbance dur- ing many months per year. We hypothesize that the very large geographic area of Arctic and Subarctic rocky shores available to this species during interglacials, supported by large Arctic/Subarctic fringe areas as well as unglaciated refugia during glacial cycles, provided a robust population and gene pool (described by the Thermogeographic Model). This gene pool dilutes that of the more fragmented and area-limited Temperate/Boreal area popula- tions when they are brought together during glacial cycles. We suggest that similar subspe- cies complexes for a variety of Arctic/Subarctic shore biota should be examined further in this context, rather than arbitrarily being split up into numerous species. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULg) Analytical Tools and Strategic Approach to Detect Poor Quality Medicines, Identify Unknown Components, and Timely Alerts for Appropriate Measures: Case Study of Antimalarial MedicinesHabyalimana, Védaste ; Mbinze Kindenge, Jérémie; Kalenda Tshilombo, Nicodème et alin American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (2015), 6Nowadays, the circulation of poor quality medicines is becoming an alarming worldwide phenomenon with serious public health and socio-economic concerns. The situation is particularly critical in ... [more ▼]Nowadays, the circulation of poor quality medicines is becoming an alarming worldwide phenomenon with serious public health and socio-economic concerns. The situation is particularly critical in developing countries where drug quality assurance and regulatory systems for drug manufacturing, importation, distribution and sales are weak. A sustained vigilance on poor quality medicines that regroup counterfeit/falsified, substandard and degraded medicines is therefore required to ensure patient safety and genuine medicines integrity. A case situation is illustrated including a strategic approach and analytical tools that were found useful to detect poor quality medicines, identify unknown components, and timely alerts for appropriate measures against the spread of those harmful products. Several suspected medicines randomly sampled in several strategic Rwandan areas were firstly check-controlled by means of visual inspection and then applying several analytical techniques from simple to more complex ones. The following medicines were studied: quinine sulfate tablets, artemisinin-based combination tablets, and artesunate powders for injection. Taking into account the pharmaceutical forms and the chemical characteristics, the following tests were applied: uniformity of mass, friability, disintegration, fluorescence, identification and assay. They were followed by more complex analytical techniques that allowed more comprehension of abnormal findings among which the presence of a wrong active pharmaceutical ingredient in quinine sulfate tablets which is mainly discussed in this paper to illustrate a strategic approach and various analytical tools that can be used in detecting and identifying unknown component in poor quality medicines. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 24 (8 ULg) Les lieux d’habitation des écrivains belges francophones à Bruxelles (1930-1960). Premiers jalons pour une histoire sociogéographiqueDebroux, Tatiana; Vanderpelen-Diagre, Cécile; Dozo, Björn-Olav in Textyles : Revue des Lettres Belges de Langue Française (2015), 47Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg) TRAPPIST photometry and imaging monitoring of comet C/2013 R1 (Lovejoy): Implications for the origin of daughter speciesOpitom, Cyrielle ; Jehin, Emmanuel ; Manfroid, Jean et alin Astronomy and Astrophysics (2015), 584We report the results of the narrow-band photometry and imaging monitoring of comet C/2013 R1 (Lovejoy) with the robotic telescope TRAPPIST (La Silla observatory). We gathered around 400 images over 8 ... [more ▼]We report the results of the narrow-band photometry and imaging monitoring of comet C/2013 R1 (Lovejoy) with the robotic telescope TRAPPIST (La Silla observatory). We gathered around 400 images over 8 months pre- and post-perihelion between September 12, 2013 and July 6, 2014. We followed the evolution of the OH, NH, CN, C[SUB]3[/SUB], and C[SUB]2[/SUB] production rates computed with the Haser model, as well as the evolution of the dust production. All five gas species display an asymmetry about perihelion, since the rate of brightening is steeper than the rate of fading. The study of the coma morphology reveals gas and dust jets that indicate one or several active zone(s) on the nucleus. The dust, C[SUB]2[/SUB], and C[SUB]3[/SUB] morphologies present some similarities, while the CN morphology is different. OH and NH are enhanced in the tail direction. The study of the evolution of the comet activity shows that the OH, NH, and C[SUB]2[/SUB] production rate evolution with the heliocentric distance is correlated to the dust evolution. The CN and, to a lesser extent, the C[SUB]3[/SUB] do not display such a correlation with the dust. This evidence and the comparison with parent species production rates indicate that C[SUB]2[/SUB] and C[SUB]3[/SUB], on one hand, and OH and NH, on the other, could be - at least partially - released from organic - rich grains and icy grains. On the contrary, all evidences point to HCN being the main parent of CN in this comet. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 35 (10 ULg) Kroniek van het Nederlandse nationaliteitsrecht 2014-2015Vonk, Olivier in Asiel- en Migrantenrecht (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg) Larger and faster: revised properties and a shorter orbital period for the WASP-57 planetary system from a pro-am collaborationSouthworth, John; Mancini, L.; Tregloan-Reed, J. et alin Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2015), 454Transits in the WASP-57 planetary system have been found to occur half an hour earlier than expected. We present 10 transit light curves from amateur telescopes, on which this discovery was based, 13 ... [more ▼]Transits in the WASP-57 planetary system have been found to occur half an hour earlier than expected. We present 10 transit light curves from amateur telescopes, on which this discovery was based, 13 transit light curves from professional facilities which confirm and refine this finding, and high-resolution imaging which show no evidence for nearby companions. We use these data to determine a new and precise orbital ephemeris, and measure the physical properties of the system. Our revised orbital period is 4.5 s shorter than found from the discovery data alone, which explains the early occurrence of the transits. We also find both the star and planet to be larger and less massive than previously thought. The measured mass and radius of the planet are now consistent with theoretical models of gas giants containing no heavy-element core, as expected for the subsolar metallicity of the host star. Two transits were observed simultaneously in four passbands. We use the resulting light curves to measure the planet's radius as a function of wavelength, finding that our data are sufficient in principle but not in practise to constrain its atmospheric properties. We conclude with a discussion of the current and future status of transmission photometry studies for probing the atmospheres of gas-giant transiting planets. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg) The HARPS-N Rocky Planet Search. I. HD 219134 b: A transiting rocky planet in a multi-planet system at 6.5 pc from the SunMotalebi, F.; Udry, S.; Gillon, Michaël et alin Astronomy and Astrophysics (2015), 584We know now from radial velocity surveys and transit space missions that planets only a few times more massive than our Earth are frequent around solar-type stars. Fundamental questions about their ... [more ▼]We know now from radial velocity surveys and transit space missions that planets only a few times more massive than our Earth are frequent around solar-type stars. Fundamental questions about their formation history, physical properties, internal structure, and atmosphere composition are, however, still to be solved. We present here the detection of a system of four low-mass planets around the bright (V = 5.5) and close-by (6.5 pc) star HD 219134. This is the first result of the Rocky Planet Search programme with HARPS-N on the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo in La Palma. The inner planet orbits the star in 3.0935 ± 0.0003 days, on a quasi-circular orbit with a semi-major axis of 0.0382 ± 0.0003 AU. Spitzer observations allowed us to detect the transit of the planet in front of the star making HD 219134 b the nearest known transiting planet to date. From the amplitude of the radial velocity variation (2.25 ± 0.22 ms[SUP]-1[/SUP]) and observed depth of the transit (359 ± 38 ppm), the planet mass and radius are estimated to be 4.36 ± 0.44 M[SUB]⊕[/SUB] and 1.606 ± 0.086 R[SUB]⊕[/SUB], leading to a mean density of 5.76 ± 1.09 g cm[SUP]-3[/SUP], suggesting a rocky composition. One additional planet with minimum-mass of 2.78 ± 0.65 M[SUB]⊕[/SUB] moves on a close-in, quasi-circular orbit with a period of 6.767 ± 0.004 days. The third planet in the system has a period of 46.66 ± 0.08 days and a minimum-mass of 8.94 ± 1.13 M[SUB]⊕[/SUB], at 0.233 ± 0.002 AU from the star. Its eccentricity is 0.46 ± 0.11. The period of this planet is close to the rotational period of the star estimated from variations of activity indicators (42.3 ± 0.1 days). The planetary origin of the signal is, however, thepreferred solution as no indication of variation at the corresponding frequency is observed for activity-sensitive parameters. Finally, a fourth additional longer-period planet of mass of 71 M[SUB]⊕[/SUB] orbits the star in 1842 days, on an eccentric orbit (e = 0.34 ± 0.17) at a distance of 2.56 AU. The photometric time series and radial velocities used in this work are available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/584/A72 [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg) A cross-sectional study to evaluate factors related to condom use with commercial sexual partners in workers from Ecuadorian companiesCabezas, Maria C.; Fornasini, Marco; Dardenne, Nadia et alin BMC Public Health (2015), 15(1), Detailed reference viewed: 21 (1 ULg) Drug-polymer electrostatic complexes as new structuring agents for the formation of drug-loaded ordered mesoporous silicaMolina, Emilie; Warnant, Jérôme; Mathonnat, Mélody et alin Langmuir (2015), 31(47), 12839-12844Using aminoglycoside antibiotics as drug models, it was shown that electrostatic complexes between hydrophilic drugs and oppositely charged double-hydrophilic block copolymers can form ordered mesophases ... [more ▼]Using aminoglycoside antibiotics as drug models, it was shown that electrostatic complexes between hydrophilic drugs and oppositely charged double-hydrophilic block copolymers can form ordered mesophases. This phase behaviour was evidenced by using poly(acrylic acid)-block-poly(ethylene oxide) block copolymers in the presence of silica precursors and, this allowed preparing drug-loaded mesoporous silica directly from the drug-polymer complexes. The novel synthetic strategy of the hybrid materials is highly efficient, avoiding waste and multi-step processes; it also ensures optimal drug loading and provides pH-dependence of the drug release from the materials. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 ULg) Polarization microlensing in the quadruply imaged broad absorption line quasar H1413+117Hutsemekers, Damien ; Sluse, Dominique ; Braibant, Lorraine et alin Astronomy and Astrophysics (2015), 584We have obtained spectropolarimetric observations of the four images of the gravitationally lensed broad absorption line quasar H1413+117. The polarization of the microlensed image D is significantly ... [more ▼]We have obtained spectropolarimetric observations of the four images of the gravitationally lensed broad absorption line quasar H1413+117. The polarization of the microlensed image D is significantly different, both in the continuum and in the broad lines, from the polarization of image A, which is essentially unaffected by microlensing. The observations suggest that the continuum is scattered off two regions, spatially separated, and producing roughly perpendicular polarizations. These results are compatible with a model in which the microlensed polarized continuum comes from a compact region located in the equatorial plane close to the accretion disk and the non-microlensed continuum from an extended region located along the polar axis. Based on observations made with ESO Telescopes at the Paranal Observatory (Chile). ESO program ID: 386.B-0337. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 15 (5 ULg) Préfixes & suffixes de l’humain : entre fiction & philosophieGuesse, Carole in Acta Fabula : Revue des Parutions en Théorie Littéraire (2015), 16(8), Detailed reference viewed: 27 (5 ULg) The effect of 8 or 5 years of denosumab treatment in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: results from the FREEDOM Extension study.PAPAPOULOS, S.; LIPPUNER, K.; ROUX, C. et alin Osteoporosis International (2015), 26(12), 2773-2783Summary: The FREEDOM study and its Extension provide long-term information about the effects of denosumab for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Treatment for up to 8 years was associated with ... [more ▼]Summary: The FREEDOM study and its Extension provide long-term information about the effects of denosumab for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Treatment for up to 8 years was associated with persistent reduction of bone turnover, continued increases in bone mineral density, low fracture incidence, and a favorable benefit/risk profile. Introduction: This study aims to report the results through year 5 of the FREEDOM Extension study, representing up to 8 years of continued denosumab treatment in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Methods : Women who completed the 3-year FREEDOM study were eligible to enter the 7-year open-label FREEDOM Extension in which all participants are scheduled to receive denosumab, since placebo assignment was discontinued for ethical reasons. A total of 4550 women enrolled in the Extension (2343 long-term; 2207 cross-over). In this analysis, women in the long-term and cross-over groups received denosumab for up to 8 and 5 years, respectively. Results Throughout the Extension, sustained reduction of bone turnover markers (BTMs) was observed in both groups. In the long-term group, mean bone mineral density (BMD) continued to increase significantly at each time point measured, for cumulative 8-year gains of 18.4 and 8.3 % at the lumbar spine and total hip, respectively. In the cross-over group, mean BMD increased significantly from the Extension baseline for 5-year cumulative gains of 13.1 and 6.2 % at the lumbar spine and total hip, respectively. The yearly incidence of new vertebral and nonvertebral fractures remained low in both groups. The incidence of adverse and serious adverse events did not increase over time. Through Extension year 5, eight events of osteonecrosis of the jaw and two events of atypical femoral fracture were confirmed. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (3 ULg) Comment établir le pronostic des neuropathies périphériques tronculaires focales ?WANG, François-Charles in Lettre du Neurologue (La) : le Courrier du Spécialiste (2015), XIX(10), 334Detailed reference viewed: 27 (7 ULg) Multivariate coefficients of variation: Comparison and influence functionsAerts, Stéphanie ; Haesbroeck, Gentiane ; Ruwet, Christel in Journal of Multivariate Analysis (2015), 142In the univariate setting, coeﬃcients of variation are well-known and used to compare the variability of populations characterized by variables expressed in diﬀerent units or having really diﬀerent means ... [more ▼]In the univariate setting, coeﬃcients of variation are well-known and used to compare the variability of populations characterized by variables expressed in diﬀerent units or having really diﬀerent means. When dealing with more than one variable, the use of such a relative dispersion measure is much less common even though several generalizations of the coeﬃcient of variation to the multivariate setting have been introduced in the literature. In this paper, the lack of robustness of the sample versions of the multivariate coeﬃcients of variation (MCV) is illustrated by means of inﬂuence functions and some robust counterparts based either on the Minimum Covariance Determinant (MCD) estimator or on the S estimator are advocated. Then, focusing on two of the considered MCV’s, a diagnostic tool is derived and its eﬃciency in detecting observations having an unduly large eﬀect on variability is illustrated on a real-life data set. The inﬂuence functions are also used to compute asymptotic variances under elliptical distributions, yielding approximate conﬁdence intervals. Finally, simulations are conducted in order to compare, in a ﬁnite sample setting, the performance of the classical and robust MCV’s in terms of variability and in terms of coverage probability of the corresponding asymptotic conﬁdence intervals. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 97 (28 ULg) Quantum manifestations of classical nonlinear resonancesWisniacki, Diego A.; Schlagheck, Peter in Physical Review. E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics (2015), 92When an integrable classical system is perturbed, nonlinear resonances are born, grow, and eventually disappear due to chaos. In this paper the quantum manifestations of such a transition are studied in ... [more ▼]When an integrable classical system is perturbed, nonlinear resonances are born, grow, and eventually disappear due to chaos. In this paper the quantum manifestations of such a transition are studied in the standard map. We show that nonlinear resonances act as a perturbation that break eigenphase degeneracies for unperturbed states with quantum numbers that differ in a multiple of the order of the resonance. We show that the eigenphase splittings are well described by a semiclassical expression based on an integrable approximation of the Hamiltonian in the vicinity of the resonance. The morphology in phase space of these states is also studied. We show that the nonlinear resonance imprints a systematic influence in their localization properties [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg) Le raisonnement analogique en pathologie du langageKrzemien, Magali in Cahiers de l'ASELF (2015), 12(4), 4-11Le raisonnement analogique est une habileté humaine qui permet de dresser une correspondance entre deux situations à partir d’une structure relationnelle commune. Il est étroitement lié au langage puisque ... [more ▼]Le raisonnement analogique est une habileté humaine qui permet de dresser une correspondance entre deux situations à partir d’une structure relationnelle commune. Il est étroitement lié au langage puisque ces deux habiletés s’influencent mutuellement. Ce lien a poussé plusieurs auteurs à s’intéresser aux capacités de raisonnement analogique d’enfants présentant des troubles du langage. Bien que ces enfants aient un niveau intellectuel dans la norme, différentes études montrent qu’ils auraient des difficultés par rapport à leurs pairs de même âge à réaliser des tâches analogiques variées, qu’elles soient verbales ou non. Ces difficultés semblent néanmoins s’estomper lorsque certaines compétences, comme le langage, sont contrôlées. De plus, les enfants dysphasiques semblent davantage dépendants à la similarité perceptuelle présente entre les stimuli, ce qui représente d’importantes implications pour l’acquisition du langage. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 35 (6 ULg) Mesures de la voix en contexte écologique et techniques de biofeedbackRemacle, Angélique ; Morsomme, Dominique in Rééducation Orthophonique (2015), 264Observer, analyser et améliorer la voix des patients dysphoniques dans leur quotidien relève-t-il encore de l’utopie? La dosimétrie ou accumulation vocale est une technique visant à quantifier la voix en ... [more ▼]Observer, analyser et améliorer la voix des patients dysphoniques dans leur quotidien relève-t-il encore de l’utopie? La dosimétrie ou accumulation vocale est une technique visant à quantifier la voix en contexte écologique. Elle a d’abord fait l’apanage des laboratoires de recherche. Ensuite, publication après publication, les chercheurs ont mis en avant ses atouts et ses limites. Les dispositifs se sont modernisés, leur commercialisation a vu le jour il y a une dizaine d’années et leur utilisation est de plus en plus conviviale. Le biofeedback a été intégré à certains dosimètres. Cette option permet d’aller au-delà de la simple récolte d’informations sur l’usage vocal des patients. Elle peut, par exemple, avertir le sujet d’un comportement vocal inadéquat en temps réel, le but étant qu’il acquiert le bon geste vocal et l’intègre de manière automatique dans son quotidien. Ces outils participent donc aux quatre étapes de la thérapie, à savoir la conscientisation du dysfonctionnement, l’automatisation du geste vocal adéquat, son transfert, et son maintien dans le temps. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 201 (31 ULg) Regards croisés entre le Portugal et la WallonieBelche, Jean-Luc ; Sousa, Alexandrain Santé Conjuguée (2015), 73Detailed reference viewed: 31 (2 ULg) Hunting with trapezes at Bazel-Sluis: the results of a functional analysisTomasso, Sonja; Rots, Veerle ; Perdaen, Yves et alin Notae Praehistoricae (2015), 35Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 ULg) PRISE EN CHARGE DES TUMEURS EPITHELIALES THYMIQUESPAULUS, Astrid ; SIBILLE, Anne ; BOURHABA, Maryam et alin Revue Médicale de Liège (2015), 70(12), 623-8Thymic epithelial tumors (TET) are rare. Their optimal care is still poorly defined because of their rarity and of the resulting difficulty to conceive large clinical trials. This review of the literature ... [more ▼]Thymic epithelial tumors (TET) are rare. Their optimal care is still poorly defined because of their rarity and of the resulting difficulty to conceive large clinical trials. This review of the literature presents the current clinical and therapeutic data on this form of tumors and underlines the need for a multidisciplinary approach to advanced stage TET. Three clinical situations can be encountered: encapsuled tumors lead to radical surgery; tumors associated with capsular invasion justify a postoperative radiotherapy; advanced stages require a multimodal treatment by chemotherapy, possibly completed by surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy. Besides systemic chemotherapies, the place of new therapeutic strategies, such as somatostatin analogues and targeted treatments, requires to be defined. Treatment of late stage TET is based upon a multidisciplinary dialogue, ideally by a reference team. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg) Diriger un service d'EAJE : une question centrale pour le développement de sa qualitéPirard, Florence in Le Furet - La revue des professionnels de la PETITE ENFANCE (2015), 79Le rôle central des responsables des services d’éducation et d’accueil des jeunes enfants (EAJE) pour le développement d’une qualité de services est souligné dans de nombreux rapports internationaux ... [more ▼]Le rôle central des responsables des services d’éducation et d’accueil des jeunes enfants (EAJE) pour le développement d’une qualité de services est souligné dans de nombreux rapports internationaux. Citons notamment les travaux de l’OCDE . Pourtant, selon les contextes, les contours de ce rôle ne sont pas toujours clairement établis ; ils peuvent être source de confusion et d’ambiguïté. La difficulté de gérer les services en conciliant des fonctions sociales, éducatives et économiques est clairement posée. La difficulté également de gérer une équipe dont les membres ont des statuts parfois précaires, des niveaux de formation disparates dans un cadre budgétaire restreint. Dans ce contexte comment relever le défi d’élaborer et de développer une dynamique de projet éducatif concerté dans tous les services qu’ils soient en collectivité ou à domicile, en milieu urbain ou rural ? Ce problème est clairement posé en Belgique francophone où aucune formation spécifique à l’enfance de niveau supérieur n’est organisée, où aucune expérience utile aux fonctions de direction n’est exigée à ce jour. Une recherche en voie de finalisation (juin 2015) visant à mieux définir les compétences nécessaires aux fonctions d’accueil et d’encadrement des services à l’enfance a permis d’associer une série d’acteurs de l’enfance, de l’enseignement, de la formation et de responsables politico-administratifs. Dans une démarche de recherche-action, il s’est agi de se décentrer des réalités de la Belgique francophone pour comprendre comment les questions se posent aussi dans d’autres contextes européens (France, Flandre, Angleterre, Suède) et ensuite, de prendre des décisions relatives à la redéfinition des référentiels métiers et de formation, à la révision des textes réglementaires pour les services. Tout en évitant de donner des directives universelles qui nieraient les spécificités de contexte, l'étude propose de relever une série de questions clés relatives aux fonctions de direction, de points de vigilances à relever ainsi que des idées retenues comme essentielles pour l’avenir. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg) Les pratiques d’écriture comme stratégies ? Débat(s), usage(s) & méthodologie(s) autour d’un conceptDaubercies, Laurence in Acta Fabula : Revue des Parutions en Théorie Littéraire (2015), 16(8), Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULg) Présent et imparfait en moyen-perse et parthe: histoire, évolution et convergenceFerrer-Losilla, Joan Josep in Estudios Iranios y Turanios (2015), 2This paper deals with the problem of the origin of the verbal endings in Middle Persian and Parthian and seeks to show a feasible history of their evolution from proto-Iranian onwards. Starting from the ... [more ▼]This paper deals with the problem of the origin of the verbal endings in Middle Persian and Parthian and seeks to show a feasible history of their evolution from proto-Iranian onwards. Starting from the assumption that the present indicative of Western Middle Iranian emerged from two old tenses, viz. present and imperfect, my aim is showing how both tenses converged in a single paradigm and how traces of both appear here and there. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg) Sarcopenia as a public health problemBruyère, Olivier ; Beaudart, Charlotte ; Locquet, Médéa et alin European Geriatric Medicine (2015)The importance of a health problem is based on its current and expected prevalence, its clinical and economic consequences, the social status of people affected by the problem and the availability of an ... [more ▼]The importance of a health problem is based on its current and expected prevalence, its clinical and economic consequences, the social status of people affected by the problem and the availability of an effective treatment. In this paper, we review the main current literature on sarcopenia in order to assess whether this geriatric syndrome could be considered as a major public health problem. Our review highlights that based on its prevalence, its clinical consequences, the limitations of the current available treatments as well as on the fact that many frail patients are affected by this geriatric syndrome, sarcopenia should be considered as a health priority by all interested parties in order to reduce its burden. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 21 (2 ULg) Updated checklist of the mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of BelgiumBoukraa, Slimane ; Dekoninck, Wouter; Versteirt, Veerle et alin Journal of Vector Ecology : Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology (2015), 40(2), 398-407Most information about the systematics and bioecology of Belgian mosquitoes dates back from before 1950, and only scattered information was produced during the last decades. In this paper we review and ... [more ▼]Most information about the systematics and bioecology of Belgian mosquitoes dates back from before 1950, and only scattered information was produced during the last decades. In this paper we review and update the list of mosquito species recorded in Belgium, from first report (1908) to 2015. Six genera and 31 species were recorded so far, including 28 autochthonous species and three invasive alien species recently recorded in Belgium: Aedes albopictus (Skuse 1894), Ae. japonicus japonicus (Theobald 1901), and Ae. koreicus (Edwards 1917). The six genera are Anopheles (five species), Aedes (sixteen species), Coquillettidia (one species), Culex (four species), Culiseta (four species), and Orthopodomyia (one species). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 26 (3 ULg) Insulinosensibilisateurs (metformine/glitazones) : niveau de preuve et controverseSCHEEN, André in Médecine des Maladies Métaboliques (2015), 9Summary Because of the deleterious role attributed to insulin resistance, insulin sensitizing agents should theoretically reduce the incidence of cardiovascular complications in type 2 diabetes. In the ... [more ▼]Summary Because of the deleterious role attributed to insulin resistance, insulin sensitizing agents should theoretically reduce the incidence of cardiovascular complications in type 2 diabetes. In the UKPDS, metformin reduced the risk of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality in a rather small group of recently diagnosed patients at a low cardiovascular risk. These results deserve confirmation in a larger study with patients a high cardiovascular risk. Glitazones, as more specific insulin sensitizers, raised much hope. However, rosiglitazone fell from its pedestal after the suspicion of an increased risk of myocardial infarction. In PROactive among patients at high cardiovascular risk, pioglitazone gave positive but questionable results: statistical significance was not reached regarding the large composite primary endpoint, but well regarding the prespecified more focused principal secondary endpoint or in various post-hoc analyses. Thus, even if data with insulin sensitizers appear globally rather promising, evidence is rather weak, therefore leading to recurrent controversy. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 27 (4 ULg) Assessment of muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance in clinical practice: An international surveyBruyère, Olivier ; Beaudart, Charlotte ; Reginster, Jean-Yves et alin European Geriatric Medicine (2015)Introduction: Several tools are available for the assessment of muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance in clinical research. However, few data are available on the usage of these tools in ... [more ▼]Introduction: Several tools are available for the assessment of muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance in clinical research. However, few data are available on the usage of these tools in clinical practice. Methods: This study aimed to assess their usage by means of a large online international survey. Since sarcopenia is a specific condition where the assessment of muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance is important, the survey also assessed the tools used for the diagnosis of this geriatric syndrome. Results: The survey was completed by 255 clinicians from 55 countries across 5 continents. Among these clinicians with geriatrics, rheumatology and endocrinology as major fields of interest, 53.3% assess muscle mass in daily practice, 54.5% muscle strength and 71.4% physical performance. However, the tools used are very different and no single tool is used by all clinicians. The tools and the cut-off values used by clinicians to diagnose sarcopenia are also heterogeneous. Conclusion: Because some tools used for the assessment of muscle mass, muscle strength or physical performance in daily practice are less validated than others, a greater awareness from the clinicians of the importance of using appropriate tools is needed [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 28 (4 ULg) Dominant amphipods of Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadows display considerable trophic diversityMichel, Loïc ; Dauby, Patrick ; Gobert, Sylvie et alin Marine Ecology (2015), 36(4), 969-981Gut content examination and trophic markers (fatty acids, stables isotopes of C and N) were combined to delineate the diet of the dominant species of amphipods from Mediterranean Posidonia oceanica ... [more ▼]Gut content examination and trophic markers (fatty acids, stables isotopes of C and N) were combined to delineate the diet of the dominant species of amphipods from Mediterranean Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadows and to highlight trophic diversity among this community. Our results indicate that, although all dominant species heavily relied on macroalgal epiphytes, considerable interspecific dietary differences existed. Carbon stable isotope ratios notably showed that some of the amphipod species favored grazing on epiphytes from leaves or litter fragments (Apherusa chiereghinii, Aora spinicornis, Gammarus aequicauda), while others like Dexamine spiniventris preferred epiphytes from rhizomes. The remaining amphipods (Caprella acanthifera, Ampithoe helleri and Gammarella fucicola) readily consumed both groups. In addition, SIAR modeling suggested that most species had a mixed diet, and relied on several food items. Fatty acid analysis and gut contents revealed that contribution of microepiphytic diatoms and of benthic and suspended particulate organic matter to the diet of amphipods were anecdotal. None of the examined species seemed to graze on their seagrass host (low 18:2(n-6) and 18:3(n-3) fatty acids contents), but G. aequicauda partly relied on seagrass leaf detritus, as demonstrated by the lesser 13C-depletion of their tissues. Overall, our findings suggest that amphipods, because of their importance in transfers of organic matter from primary producers and detritus to higher rank consumers, are key-items in P. oceanica associated food webs. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 196 (74 ULg) NIK promotes tissue destruction independently of the alternative NF-kappaB pathway through TNFR1/RIP1-induced apoptosis.Boutaffala, L.; Bertrand, M. J. M.; Remouchamps, Caroline et alin Cell death and differentiation (2015), 10.1038/cdd.2015.69NF-kappaB-inducing kinase (NIK) is well-known for its role in promoting p100/NF-kappaB2 processing into p52, a process defined as the alternative, or non-canonical, NF-kappaB pathway. Here we reveal an ... [more ▼]NF-kappaB-inducing kinase (NIK) is well-known for its role in promoting p100/NF-kappaB2 processing into p52, a process defined as the alternative, or non-canonical, NF-kappaB pathway. Here we reveal an unexpected new role of NIK in TNFR1-mediated RIP1-dependent apoptosis, a consequence of TNFR1 activation observed in c-IAP1/2-depleted conditions. We show that NIK stabilization, obtained by activation of the non-death TNFRs Fn14 or LTbetaR, is required for TNFalpha-mediated apoptosis. These apoptotic stimuli trigger the depletion of c-IAP1/2, the phosphorylation of RIP1 and the RIP1 kinase-dependent assembly of the RIP1/FADD/caspase-8 complex. In the absence of NIK, the phosphorylation of RIP1 and the formation of RIP1/FADD/caspase-8 complex are compromised while c-IAP1/2 depletion is unaffected. In vitro kinase assays revealed that recombinant RIP1 is a bona fide substrate of NIK. In vivo, we demonstrated the requirement of NIK pro-death function, but not the processing of its substrate p100 into p52, in a mouse model of TNFR1/LTbetaR-induced thymus involution. In addition, we also highlight a role for NIK in hepatocyte apoptosis in a mouse model of virus-induced TNFR1/RIP1-dependent liver damage. We conclude that NIK not only contributes to lymphoid organogenesis, inflammation and cell survival but also to TNFR1/RIP1-dependent cell death independently of the alternative NF-kappaB pathway.Cell Death and Differentiation advance online publication, 5 June 2015; doi:10.1038/cdd.2015.69. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 14 (6 ULg) Valorisation des produits laitiers dans les ménages peuls du Nord-Est du BéninChabi Toko, Roukayath ; Adégbidi, Anselme; Lebailly, Philippe in International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences (2015)La population pastorale et agro-pastorale du Bénin détient presque la totalité du cheptel bovin national. Le lait constitue le produit le plus fréquent issu de l'élevage bovin. Une enquête a été menée ... [more ▼]La population pastorale et agro-pastorale du Bénin détient presque la totalité du cheptel bovin national. Le lait constitue le produit le plus fréquent issu de l'élevage bovin. Une enquête a été menée dans la commune de Kalalé au sein de 16 ménages peuls afin de comprendre l'organisation de ces ménages dans la gestion du lait. Il ressort que l'organisation autour du capital lait est genre sensible: l'homme aussi bien que la femme, dans leurs rôles respectifs, contribuent à assurer la pérennité du capital bétail. Le lait est géré de façon à privilégier la consommation du ménage et à assurer la reproduction du troupeau. La rémunération du travail fournit ainsi que l'équité dans la distribution des richesses au sein du ménage peul octroi aux femmes qui sont dans le troupeau plus de bénéfices issues du lait provenant du troupeau familial. La disponibilité des produits laitiers dépend de la saison et du milieu. Le lait prévu pour la consommation humaine est gérée de sorte à avoir, une utilisation optimale du lait et de la viande, afin de combler les besoins actuels des membres du ménage, d'assurer la reproduction des biens du ménage ; avant d'alimenter le marché de produits laitiers. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 95 (5 ULg) La médecine a plus besoin de contrôle qualité et d'humanité que d'informatisationJamoulle, Marc in Ethica Clinica (2015), 80La santé est un état de résistance. Résistance à la maladie bien sûr. Résistance aussi à la violence et au harcèlement, résistance aux drogues, résistance à l’exploitation, résistance à la mal bouffe ... [more ▼]La santé est un état de résistance. Résistance à la maladie bien sûr. Résistance aussi à la violence et au harcèlement, résistance aux drogues, résistance à l’exploitation, résistance à la mal bouffe, résistance à la pollution, résistance aux conditions de logement désastreuses, résistance au marché pharmaceutique, y compris résistance à la marchandisation de la santé et donc résistance parfois à la médecine elle-même. Quelques farfelus en mal de marché pensent que les systèmes électroniques actuels et futurs, vont être capables de remplacer le médecin. Ils imaginent la médecine, ils ne la connaissent pas.Donc je vais vous raconter des histoires vraies, pour vous faire voir ce métier –médecin de famille – comme ce qu’il est vraiment ; exigeant, difficile, complexe, déroutant et non remplaçable par des machines. Je disais donc résistance, voyons voir quelques réflexions et lettres ou notes écrites dans les derniers mois pour l’un ou l’autre patient. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 419 (4 ULg) Saying the unsayable: Imagining reconciliation in Gail Jones's SorryBelleflamme, Valérie-Anne in English Text Construction (2015), 8(2), 159-176In her novel Sorry (2007), Australian novelist and essayist Gail Jones engages in a reflection on the ethics of reconciliation. Written in response to her wish to acknowledge the debt to the Stolen ... [more ▼]In her novel Sorry (2007), Australian novelist and essayist Gail Jones engages in a reflection on the ethics of reconciliation. Written in response to her wish to acknowledge the debt to the Stolen Generations, Sorry offers new possibilities of ethical mourning, allowing the dead to return and the voiceless to speak. This article explores the ways in which Jones not only fashions a narrative that bypasses the unsayable dimension of Australia’s history and the representational difficulties inherent in trauma but also fosters the empathetic imagination through a metadiscursive discussion of the act of reading. Self-referentiality and self-reflexivity are also examined, as they allow Jones to draw attention to her novel’s writerly elaborations and offer an alternative to standard reconciliation practices. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 37 (18 ULg) Emerging ecosystem services governance issues in the Belgium ecosystem services community of practiceKeune, Hans; Dendoncker, Nicolas; Popa, Florin et alin Ecosystem Services (2015), 16Detailed reference viewed: 56 (5 ULg) Serving the general interest with public enterprises. New forms of governance and trends in ownershipFecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ; Bance, Philippe; Obermann, Gabrielin Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics (2015), 86(4), 529-718Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg) La vie littéraire au kaléidoscope des PhysiologiesStienon, Valérie in Site de la Société des Études romantiques et dix-neuviémistes (SERD) (2015)En mots et en vignettes, la Physiologie littéraire de la monarchie de Juillet élabore ses propres modalités de mise en fiction de la société. Selon un point de vue à la fois avisé et distancié, induit par ... [more ▼]En mots et en vignettes, la Physiologie littéraire de la monarchie de Juillet élabore ses propres modalités de mise en fiction de la société. Selon un point de vue à la fois avisé et distancié, induit par l’association d’une centralité culturelle parisienne et d’une faible légitimité à l’ombre de la grande littérature, ces petites monographies réorganisent le système des valeurs à travers lesquelles est perçu le fait littéraire à leur époque. C’est l’occasion d’investiguer sur les à-côtés de la littérature, en interrogeant les manières de circonscrire le territoire des lettres et de le faire interagir avec d’autres domaines d’activités. Deux questions font plus particulièrement l’objet de cet article. D'une part, ces textes livrent-ils un traitement englobant et univoque du profil de l’homme de lettres ou s’attachent-ils au contraire à en souligner les nuances et les singularités en multipliant ses variétés, autour de la dichotomie bien connue des figures archétypales du poète et du journaliste ? D'autre part, dans quelle mesure ces textes reconduisent-ils le mythe du génie créateur et les valeurs romantiques du talent et de l’inspiration, compte tenu du fait que celles-ci sont difficilement compatibles avec les stratégies du parvenu et les expédients du jeune auteur pressé d’arriver, ruses que les Physiologies s’appliquent à débusquer, dans la foulée d’une abondante thématisation du macairisme et des fourberies du floueur ? [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULg) Semantic Web and the Future of Health Care Data in Family PracticeJamoulle, Marc ; Vander Stichele, Robert H; Cardillo, Elena et alin Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (2015), 3(12), 586-594Abstract New tools in data management have emerged in the last decade, which are going to revolutionize electronic health records and health information systems. Family practitioners are the first, main ... [more ▼]Abstract New tools in data management have emerged in the last decade, which are going to revolutionize electronic health records and health information systems. Family practitioners are the first, main and continuous contact with the patient. They are the source and endpoint of the circle of information, generated by judicious medical documentation and smart secondary use of medical data. This article is an introduction to health terminologies, ontologies, semantic data, and linked open data, all expressions used by computer scientists, preparing themselves for the next step: semantic web for health care data [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 323 (4 ULg) Dosage de la lumière pour maintenir la coexistence d’espèces d’ombre et de demi-ombre dans la régénération de la futaie irrégulièreLigot, Gauthier ; Balandier, Philippe; Courbaud, Benoît et alin Revue Forestière Française (2015), 3Detailed reference viewed: 35 (5 ULg) Concomitant nodal involvement by Langerhans cell histiocytosis and Hodgkin's lymphomaGeurten, Claire ; THIRY, Albert ; Jamblin, Paul et alin Pediatrics International : Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society (2015), 56(6), 1214-1217Detailed reference viewed: 25 (8 ULg) Van botscan tot bodysuit. Naar een maatschappelijk debat over sportinnovatieVan Oudheusden, Michiel ; Van Hoyweghen, Inein Karakter. Tijdschrift van wetenschap (2015), 52Many scientists, athletes, sports bodies, and governments applaud the increasing integration of science and technology into sports. However, the scientization of sports raises ethical, legal, and social ... [more ▼]Many scientists, athletes, sports bodies, and governments applaud the increasing integration of science and technology into sports. However, the scientization of sports raises ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI), e.g. about the changing relationship between medical support and human enhancement, and the implications of scientific talent screening in sports for sports participation. A public debate is needed that identifies the ELSI in sports innovation and urges technology innovators, regulators, and decision makers to take into account such issues before sports innovations are irrevocably locked into sports and society. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg) Broadening, Deepening, and Governing Innovation: Flemish Technology Assessment in Historical and Socio-Political PerspectiveVan Oudheusden, Michiel ; Charlier, Nathan ; Rosskamp, Benedikt et alin Research Policy (2015), 44(10), 1877-1886This article examines how science, technology, and innovation (STI) policies in Flanders (Belgium) are affected by, and potentially transformed through, technology assessments (TAs). Broadly defined, TAs ... [more ▼]This article examines how science, technology, and innovation (STI) policies in Flanders (Belgium) are affected by, and potentially transformed through, technology assessments (TAs). Broadly defined, TAs encompass activities and programs that expand and deepen the knowledge base of contemporary knowledge-based economies (KBEs), typically by including new actors (e.g. trade unions), ideas (e.g. science in society), and rationales (e.g. participatory techniques) in STI processes. Starting from the regionalization of STI policy in Belgium and the convergence of Flemish STI around global KBE principles, the article exemplifies how since the 1980s successive Flemish TA waves (early- warning, bottom-up, and interactive TA) have co-evolved with successive generations of Flemish innovation policy. Building on these findings, it argues that Flemish TA has assumed the role of mediator between science and society, both by counteracting and accommodating dominant STI paradigms. By providing a historical and socio-political perspective on TA and innovation policy, the article draws critical attention to the institutional settings and societal contexts in which TA is embedded, and questions TA's strategic utility within contemporary KBEs. This perspective sheds light on the Flemish government's recent decision to close its parliamentary TA institute and the institutional expansion of TA elsewhere in Europe. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 55 (15 ULg)