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See detailLinear Benard-Marangoni instability in rigid circular containers
Dauby, Pierre ULg; Lebon, Georgy ULg; Bouhy, E.

in Physical Review. E : Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics (1997), 56(1), 520-530

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See detailObesity and nutrition. The Belgian Luxembourg Child Study.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Lapidus, L.; Beckers, F. et al

in Obesity Research (1997)

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See detailPresbyphonia voice differencies between the secties in the elderly. comparison by maximum phonation time, phonation quotient and spectral analysis
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Jamart, Jacques; Boucquey, Donatienne et al

in Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology (1997), 22

This study of 40 elderly subjects (30 women and 10 men) between the ages of 70 to 90, attempts to qualify and quantify their voices and to compare the results with a young population and to establish any ... [more ▼]

This study of 40 elderly subjects (30 women and 10 men) between the ages of 70 to 90, attempts to qualify and quantify their voices and to compare the results with a young population and to establish any differences between the two sexes. The measurements concerned the Vital Capacity (VC), the Maximum Phonation Time (MPT) and the Phonation Quotient (PQ). The equivalent values for a young population were compiled from the literature. Spectral voice analysis was also included in the study. The mean speaking fundamental frequency (Fo) of the voice changes with age; it increases in men and decreases in women (158 Hz in elderly men vs a normal value of 120 Hz; 205 Hz in elderly women vs a normal value of 225 Hz). Ageing influences the vital capacity to the advantage of men (median VC = 2.61 vs 1.61 in elderly men and women, respectively). For sustaining a vowel a, the Maximum Phonation Time (MPT) is significantly better in elderly men (median MPT = 16 sec in elderly men and 12 sec for women). Phonation Quotient does not differ significantly between sexes (median PQ = 153 ml/sec in elderly men and 152 ml/sec in elderly women). Although, the physical capacity of elderly women decreases, their vocal output remains very good when compared to young women. In elderly men, however, there is a phonation quotient decrease of 25 per cent compared to young men. [less ▲]

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See detailA propos d'un cas de rupture myocardique dans un traumatisme thoracique ferme.
Demarche, M.; SakalihasanN, Natzi ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(2), 105-9

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See detailA Deletion in the Bovine Myostatin Gene Causes the Double-Muscled Phenotype in Cattle
Grobet, L.; Martin, L. J.; Poncelet, D. et al

in Nature Genetics (1997), 17(1), 71-74

An exceptional muscle development commonly referred to as 'double-muscled' (Fig. 1) has been seen in several cattle breeds and has attracted considerable attention from beef producers. Double-muscled ... [more ▼]

An exceptional muscle development commonly referred to as 'double-muscled' (Fig. 1) has been seen in several cattle breeds and has attracted considerable attention from beef producers. Double-muscled animals are characterized by an increase in muscle mass of about 20%, due to general skeletal-muscle hyperplasia-that is, an increase in the number of muscle fibers rather than in their individual diameter. Although the hereditary nature of the double-muscled condition was recognized early on, the precise mode of inheritance has remained controversial; monogenic (domainant and recessive), oligogenic and polygenic models have been proposed. In the Belgian Blue cattle breed (BBCB), segregation analysis performed both in experimental crosses and in the outbred population suggested an autosomal recessive inheritance. This was confirmed when the muscular hypertrophy (mh) locus was mapped 3.1 cM from microsatellite TGLA44 on the centromeric end of bovine chromosome 2 (ref. 5). We used a positional candidate approach to demonstrate that a mutation in bovine MSTN, which encodes myostatin, a member of the TGF beta superfamily, is responsible for the double-muscled phenotype. We report an 11-bp deletion in the coding sequence for the bioactive carboxy-terminal domain of the protein causing the muscular hypertrophy observed in Belgian Blue cattle. [less ▲]

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See detailSpinal ischaemia after surgery for abdominal infrarenal aortic aneurysm. Diagnosis with nuclear magnetic resonance.
Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg; OTTO, Bernard ULg; SakalihasanN, Natzi ULg et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (1997), 97(5), 250-6

A 76-year-old man underwent surgery for an infrarenal aortic aneurysm reaching 6 cm in maximal transverse diameter. The aorta was crossclamped below the level of the renal arteries. A tube graft was ... [more ▼]

A 76-year-old man underwent surgery for an infrarenal aortic aneurysm reaching 6 cm in maximal transverse diameter. The aorta was crossclamped below the level of the renal arteries. A tube graft was interposed and tend between the infrarenal aorta and the aortic bifurcation. Due to leakage on the suture line two consecutive episodes of crossclamping for a total duration of 40 min. were required. No hypotension was noted during or after the procedure. After operation, the patient complained of difficulties to move both legs and neurologic examination demonstrated paraparesis, with mild sensory deficit. Faecal and urinary incontinences were also noted and urodynamic testing demonstrated sphincterovesical palsy. Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging detected an ischaemic zone in the spinal cord at the level of T11. Faecal incontinence and motor deficit partially resolved but no bladder function recovery was observed. Spinal ischaemia is a rare complication after abdominal aortic surgery. Several risk factors have been suggested which include level and duration of the aortic crossclamping, possible interruption of the spinal cord blood supply via the greater medullary artery (the so-called artery of Adamkiewicz), presence of intra- or postoperative episodes of hypotension, atheromatous embolization, underlying occlusive arteriosclerosis of spinal arteries, and respect or not of the hypogastric circulation. In our case, the duration of the crossclamping and interruption of the blood flow in lumbar arteries probably supplying the distal spinal cord were likely contributive factors. [less ▲]

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See detailProprietes interfaciales des films de gluten de farines de qualites boulangeres differentes.
Balla, A.; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Razafindralambo, Hary ULg et al

in Sciences des Aliments (1997), 17(3), 271-278

Interfacial properties of gluten proteins are important in determining flour breadmaking quality especially the gas bubbles stability in dough, which influences the loaf volume and crumb texture. The ... [more ▼]

Interfacial properties of gluten proteins are important in determining flour breadmaking quality especially the gas bubbles stability in dough, which influences the loaf volume and crumb texture. The interfacial properties of gluten extracted from four commercial flours have been studied. The behaviour of gluten monolayer spread at the air-water interface is influenced by the gliadins/glutenins ratio. Films of gluten extracted from flours with high gliadins/glutenins ratio spread more quickly, present a higher stability (Pi c) and are more resistant under high compression. [less ▲]

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See detailUtilisation de l'habitat par la sérotine commune Eptesicus serotinus en Lorraine belge
Kervyn, Thierry; Brasseur, Jasmine; Libois, Roland ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Neuchâteloise des Sciences Naturelles (1997), 120(2), 35-41

The radiotracking of 10 serotine bats during a period of 73 nights shows that the animals hunt mainly at forest edges and above meadows. The mean distance between the main diurnal roost and hunting ... [more ▼]

The radiotracking of 10 serotine bats during a period of 73 nights shows that the animals hunt mainly at forest edges and above meadows. The mean distance between the main diurnal roost and hunting grounds is 2.1 +/- 1.2 km (n = 24). Secondary diurnal roosts are used within a radius of 250 m of the main diurnal quarters. Nocturnal resting places are situated in beech forests (Fagus sylvatica) near feeding areas. The activity area (minumum area method) of radiotracked serotine bats, all originating from the same colony, stretches to 15.8 km². [less ▲]

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See detailNaCl salinity and temperature effects on growth of three wood-rotting basidiomycetes from a Papua New Guinea coastal forest
Castillo Cabello, Gabriel ULg; Demoulin, Vincent ULg

in Mycological Research (1997)

The growth of three wood inhabiting basidiomycetes (Microporus xanthopus, Pycnoporus sanguineus and Schizophyllum commune) isolated from a tropical coastal forest of Papua New Guinea is characterized in ... [more ▼]

The growth of three wood inhabiting basidiomycetes (Microporus xanthopus, Pycnoporus sanguineus and Schizophyllum commune) isolated from a tropical coastal forest of Papua New Guinea is characterized in relation to temperature and NaCl salinity. P. sanguineus and M. xanthopus present a very similar response to NaCl salinity, but P. sanguineus has a wider tolerance for temperature variations. S. commune withstands wide temperature variations, but it is the only one to present a marked salt resistance. This correlates with its abundance along the sea. The presence of P. sanguineus in the same habitat is rather unexpected since it is very sensitive to NaCl salinity. Its high growth rate probably allows it to take advantage of periods of high rains that limit salt accumulation. [less ▲]

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See detailIgneous charnockites and related rocks from the Bjerkreim-Sogndal layered intrusion (Southwest Norway): a jotunite (hypersthene monzodiorite)-derived A-type granitoid suite
Duchesne, Jean-Clair ULg; Wilmart, Edith

in Journal of Petrology (1997), 38(3), 337-369

The upper part of the Bjerkreim-Sokndal layered intrusion (BKSK) comprises a suite of charnockitic granitoids (mangerite, quartz mangerite and charnockite) with some jotunites. The petrology and ... [more ▼]

The upper part of the Bjerkreim-Sokndal layered intrusion (BKSK) comprises a suite of charnockitic granitoids (mangerite, quartz mangerite and charnockite) with some jotunites. The petrology and geochemistry (major and trace elements) of 8 main rock types (88 samples) are considered. The rocks form a suite of K2O-rich alkali-calcic granitoids of A-type, deriving from jotunitic magma. Two trends of inferred liquids are distinguished: the main liquid line of descent which passes from jotunites through 2-pyroxene quartz mangerites to amphibole charnockites, the second one which encompasses olivine-bearing quartz mangerites and charnockites and is rooted into mangeritic liquids. Comparison with the Tellnes rock series reveals that contamination by leucogranitic material has taken place simultaneously with fractional crystallization in both BKSK trends. Zr, Rb, Cs, and Th are particularly sensitive to assimilation and the higher water content in BKSK. Zircon and apatite have saturated at the liquidus of quartz mangerite around 900°C, close to the FMQ buffer. The two-pyroxene quartz mangerites cannot have been equilibrated with the mangerite cumulates on which they rest. A major influx of magma took place when mangeritic cumulates were being deposited. It mingled and partly mixed with the resident contaminated magma. [less ▲]

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See detailThe relationship between ovarian vascularity and the duration of stimulation in in-vitro fertilization.
Bassil, Salim; Wyns, Christine; Toussaint-Demylle, Dominique et al

in Human Reproduction (1997), 12(6), 1240-5

The role of transvaginal pulsed colour Doppler ultrasound in the assessment of ovarian vascularity was studied in 196 in-vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. The changes in ovarian blood flow after ... [more ▼]

The role of transvaginal pulsed colour Doppler ultrasound in the assessment of ovarian vascularity was studied in 196 in-vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. The changes in ovarian blood flow after gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) down-regulation and human menopausal gonadotrophin (HMG) stimulation were determined. The data obtained showed that the ovarian blood flow was significantly improved by oestradiol secretion (P = 0.05) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) administration (P = 0.003). Folliculogenesis was affected by blood flow supply. The resistance index (RI) value was significantly different (P = 0.05) according to the duration of ovarian stimulation. Patients with a mean RI value >0.56 had a longer stimulation with a significantly lower mean number of oocytes retrieved (P = 0.01) despite the administration of a standard dose of HMG. The RI value is a good indicator of modifications in ovarian vascularization during stimulation. Doppler blood flow measurement could be used to determine the optimal timing for the beginning of HMG administration in patients undergoing ovarian stimulation after down-regulation for IVF treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailExamen échographique de l'articulation métacarpo-phalangienne. Corrélation signes échographiques - lésions
Denoix, Jean-Marie; Thill, Emanuelle; Houliez, Didier et al

in Pratique Vétérinaire Equine (1997), 29

This paper is the result of an ex-vivo study on ultrasonography of the equine fetlock. Abnormal findings in equine isolated limbs have been compared to macroscopic findings after dissections and ... [more ▼]

This paper is the result of an ex-vivo study on ultrasonography of the equine fetlock. Abnormal findings in equine isolated limbs have been compared to macroscopic findings after dissections and sensitivity and specificity of the technique have been calculated. [less ▲]

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See detailSoil oribatid mite communities (Acari: Oribatida) from high Shaba (Zaïre) in relation to vegetation
Noti, M.-I.; André, H. M.; Dufrêne, Marc ULg

in Applied Soil Ecology (1997), 5(1), 81-96

Soil oribatid mite communities from three vegetation types (forest, woodland and savanna) are described in Luiswishi (high Shaba, Zaïre) and 151 species were recorded. Oribatid communities are organized ... [more ▼]

Soil oribatid mite communities from three vegetation types (forest, woodland and savanna) are described in Luiswishi (high Shaba, Zaïre) and 151 species were recorded. Oribatid communities are organized along a successional gradient which parallels the regressive sere defined by phytosociologists and going from the dense forest ("muhulu"), the local climax, to the savanna, passing through the woodland ("miombo"). Within this gradient, oribatid communities may vary depending on the habitat (presence of grass, high termitaria). The impact of seasons (dry vs. rainy season) is weak in the forest but drastic in savanna. The various soil oribatid communities are related to man's activities since the regressive sere results from repeated burnings and associated agricultural practices. [less ▲]

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See detailPlaidoyer pour une expertise entièrement contradictoire en matière pénale
Jacobs, Ann ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (1997)

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See detailRheinische Wortgeographie. Karten des Rheinischen Wörterbuchs und ihre computative Auswertung. Teil II
Möller, Robert ULg

in Rheinische Vierteljahrsblätter (1997), 61

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See detailComment j'explore ... un patient avec hypotension orthostatique.
Scheen, André ULg; De Fooz, Geoffroy; Marchand, Monique ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(2), 116-9

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See detailUne maison médiévale à Dinant
Hoffsummer, Patrick ULg

in Annales de la Société Archéologique de Namur (1997), 71

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See detailCompte rendu de L. Couloubaritsis, J.-J. Wunenburger, La couleur, Bruxelles, 1993 (Recueil, 4)
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences (1997), 47

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See detailDifferential expression of galectin 3 and galectin 1 in colorectal cancer progression.
Sanjuan, X.; Fernandez, P. L.; Castells, A. et al

in Gastroenterology (1997), 113(6), 1906-15

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Galectins are beta-galactoside-binding proteins possibly involved in tumor progression. The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of galectin 3 and galectin 1 expression and ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Galectins are beta-galactoside-binding proteins possibly involved in tumor progression. The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of galectin 3 and galectin 1 expression and involvement in colorectal cancer progression. METHODS: Galectin 3 expression was examined immunohistochemically in 39 samples of normal mucosae, 25 adenomas, 87 carcinomas, and 39 lymph node metastases. Galectin 1 was analyzed in 25 samples of mucosae, 15 adenomas, 25 carcinomas, and 11 metastases. Western blot analysis was also performed. RESULTS: All normal mucosae showed strong nuclear galectin 3 expression, which was down-regulated in the neoplastic progression, because only 60% of adenomas, 48% of carcinomas, and 44% of metastases were strongly positive (P < 0.0001). Cytoplasmic expression was down-regulated in adenomas (16%) but increased again in carcinomas (64%) (P < 0.0001). Galectin 1 expression was mainly detected in stromal cells and correlated with tumor progression from normal mucosae to adenomas and carcinomas (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Galectin 3 expression is down-regulated in the initial stages of neoplastic progression, whereas a dissociated cytoplasmic expression increases in later phases of tumor progression. Galectin 1 in colorectal mucosa is predominantly a stromal product whose overexpression is associated with the neoplastic progression of colorectal cancer. [less ▲]

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See detailThe spectrum of 67-kD laminin receptor expression in breast carcinoma progression.
Viacava, P.; Naccarato, A. G.; Collecchi, P. et al

in Journal of Pathology (The) (1997), 182(1), 36-44

Laminin is a glycoprotein of the basement membrane (BM), involved in a variety of normal and pathological cellular events including tumour invasion and metastasis. Cells bind laminin through different ... [more ▼]

Laminin is a glycoprotein of the basement membrane (BM), involved in a variety of normal and pathological cellular events including tumour invasion and metastasis. Cells bind laminin through different types of receptor. The 67-kD laminin receptor (67LR) is a cell-surface protein which binds laminin with high affinity. 67LR expression has been shown to increase in neoplastic cells, compared with normal tissues, and 67LR seems to play an important role during the first steps of neoplastic progression. In this study, 67LR expression was analysed during the morphological phases of breast cancer progression from normal tissue to invasive carcinoma. A total of 506 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded normal breast structures and lesions were stained by immunohistochemistry usign the MLuC5 monoclonal antibody, which is specific for 67LR. The results show that in normal breast and in any kind of breast lesion, myoepithelial and endothelial cells express 67LR. While 67LR is not seen in the epithelium of normal breast, cysts, adenosis, and benign tumours, it is expressed in the epithelial cells of several hyperplasias and carcinomas in situ, both ductal and lobular, as well as in all invasive carcinomas. The 67LR-positive cell subpopulation expands from hyperplastic lesions to invasive carcinoma, suggesting that 67LR could be related to the induction and progression of breast cancer. [less ▲]

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See detailLa langue des Cariens. A propos de B 867
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Glotta : Zeitschrift für Griechische und Lateinische Sprache (1997), 74

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See detailThe early stages of photosystem II assembly monitored by measurements of fluorescence lifetime, fluorescence induction and isoelectric focusing of chlorophyll-proteins in barley etiochloroplasts
MysliwaKurdziel, B.; Barthelemy, X.; Strzalka, K. et al

in Plant & Cell Physiology (1997), 38(11), 1187-1196

The relationship between functional and structural aspects of PSII formation during greening of etiolated barley leaves has been investigated using fluorescence life-time measurements, fluorescence ... [more ▼]

The relationship between functional and structural aspects of PSII formation during greening of etiolated barley leaves has been investigated using fluorescence life-time measurements, fluorescence kinetics analysis and analysis of chlorophyll-protein complexes by IEF-PAGE, Two phases of different character could be distinguished in the course of the greening process in dark-grown plants, An early phase covering the first 3-4 h after the onset of illumination and a late phase covering the subsequent greening, During the first phase the formation of PSII reaction centers and their minor antenna components was observed as manifested by the IEF-PAGE polypeptide pattern, This was accompanied by shortening of the slow and middle components of the fluorescence lifetime, as well as by the rapid drop in the amplitude of the slow component, A room temperature emission band at 676 nm was associated with uncoupled chlorophyll and with the slow fluorescence lifetime component during the first hours of greening. During the late greening phase peripheral light-harvesting complexes of PSII were formed concomitantly to an increase in lifetime and amplitude of the fast component and to a further decrease in the lifetime of the middle component, The gradual increase in PSII complexity during both phases of greening was also manifested by changes in proportion and kinetic properties of PSIIalpha and PSIIbeta units. Similar changes in fluorescence lifetime components as in the late greening of dark-grown plants were also observed in intermittent-light plants during continuous greening associated with the development of PSII antenna. The relationships between fluorescence lifetime characteristics and development of PSII are discussed in terms of a stepwise mechanism invoving a first step of Chl integration into small size PSII units followed by progressive increase of antenna size. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental induction of prenucleolar bodies (PNBs) in interphase cells: interphase PNBs show similar characteristics as those typically observed at telophase of mitosis in untreated cells.
Zatsepina, O. V.; Dudnic, O. A.; Todorov, I. T. et al

in Chromosoma (1997), 105(7-8), 418-30

Recently, it was shown that a short exposure of living mammalian cells to low ionic strength buffers (hypotonic shock) caused partial or almost complete unraveling of interphase nucleoli. However, when ... [more ▼]

Recently, it was shown that a short exposure of living mammalian cells to low ionic strength buffers (hypotonic shock) caused partial or almost complete unraveling of interphase nucleoli. However, when the cells were released from the hypotonic shock and transferred to normal isotonic medium, functionally active and structurally integral nucleoli were reassembled at their initial positions within interphase nuclei. Here, we show further that this process is accompanied by the appearance of numerous discrete extranucleolar bodies, which have striking similarities to the prenucleolar bodies (PNBs) observed in untreated cells at telophase of mitosis. (1) Like PNBs at mitosis, hypotonically induced interphase PNBs are composed of RNA-positive granules and fibrils, contain the major nucleolar protein B23 and silver-binding proteins, but lack DNA and RNA polymerase I transcription factor UBF. (2) As for mitotic PNBs, disappearance of the interphase PNB counterparts coincides with the increase in size of reconstructed nucleoli. (3) Addition of actinomycin D does not prevent assembly of interphase PNBs, but does arrest their coalescence with the chromosomal nucleolus-organizing regions and blocks the complete reformation of nucleoli. It is concluded that the assembly of PNBs generally observed at telophase of mitosis can be induced experimentally in nuclei of interphase mammalian cells in vivo. At interphase, this process is probably initiated by changes in the intracellular ionic environment. [less ▲]

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See detailUne grammaire de l'égyptien de la 18e dynastie
Winand, Jean ULg

in Orientalische Literaturzeitung (1997), 92

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See detailClostridium spiroforme toxin genes are related to C. perfringens iota toxin genes but have a different genomic localization.
Gilbert, M.; Perelle, S.; Daube, Georges ULg et al

in Systematic & Applied Microbiology (1997), 20

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See detailLe traitement corticoïde dans les poussées de la maladie de Crohn de l'adulte
Belaiche, Jacques ULg; Louis, Edouard ULg

in Médecine et Hygiène (1997), 55

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See detailMoufang affine buildings have Moufang spherical buildings at infinity
Van Maldeghem, H.; Van Steen, Kristel ULg

in Glasgow Mathematical Journal (1997), 39(Part 3), 237-241

We show in a direct and elementary way that the spherical building at infinity of every rank 3 affine building which satisfies Tits' Moufang condition, is itself a Moufang building. This result is also ... [more ▼]

We show in a direct and elementary way that the spherical building at infinity of every rank 3 affine building which satisfies Tits' Moufang condition, is itself a Moufang building. This result is also true for higher rank affine buildings by Tits' classification [4]. [less ▲]

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See detailRelations entre les conditions d'habitat et la pathologie en production de viande bovine
Nicks, Baudouin ULg

in Aspects de la conception des bâtiments pour les bovins à viande (1997)

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See detailZastosowanie ultrasonografii w diagnostyce klinicznej ukladu rozrodczego u bydla
Gajewski, Z.; Hanzen, Christian ULg; Thun, R. et al

in Nowa Weterynaria (1997)

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See detailEstimation of (co)variance components for Jersey type traits using a repeatability model
Gengler, Nicolas ULg; Wiggans, G. R.; Wright, J. R. et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (1997), 80(8), 1801-1806

(Co)variance components for final score and 15 linear type traits of Jersey cows were estimated by multitrait REML using multiple diagonalization and a repeatability model with 34,999 records of 22,354 ... [more ▼]

(Co)variance components for final score and 15 linear type traits of Jersey cows were estimated by multitrait REML using multiple diagonalization and a repeatability model with 34,999 records of 22,354 cows. Multiple diagonalization gave relative off-diagonals (ratio of squared off-diagonals to the product of diagonals) of <0.1%. Heritabilities and repeatabilities, respectively, were estimated as 0.29 and 0.48 for final score, 0.40 and 0.57 for stature, 0.26 and 0.39 for strength, 0.28 and 0.43 for dairy form, 0.13 and 0.25 for foot angle, 0.13 and 0.25 for rear legs (side view), 0.27 and 0.41 for body depth, 0.31 and 0.52 for rump angle, 0.22 and 0.33 for thurl width, 0.22 and 0.36 for fore udder attachment, 0.28 and 0.46 for rear udder height, 0.26 and 0.42 for rear udder width, 0.32 and 0.48 for udder depth, 0.20 and 0.36 for udder cleft, 0.29 and 0.46 for front teat placement, and 0.31 and 0.48 for teat length. Estimates of heritability generally were higher, and estimates of repeatability were lower, than values used previously for USDA genetic evaluations, which were based on data from the 1970s and early 1980s. Final score was highly correlated both genetically and phenotypically with dairy form and rear udder traits. These estimates of heritabilities and (co)variance components are necessary for multitrait genetic evaluation of linear type traits of US Jerseys. [less ▲]

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See detailNo-carrier-added asymmetric synthesis of alpha-methyl-alpha-amino acids labelled with fluorine-18
Damhaut, Philippe; Lemaire, Christian ULg; Plenevaux, Alain ULg et al

in Tetrahedron (1997), 53(16), 5785-5796

Various [18F]fluoro aromatic α-methyl-L-amino acids 11 have been synthesized with high enantiomeric purity (ee > 97%). These new radiopharmaceuticals for Positron Emission Tomography (PET), potential ... [more ▼]

Various [18F]fluoro aromatic α-methyl-L-amino acids 11 have been synthesized with high enantiomeric purity (ee > 97%). These new radiopharmaceuticals for Positron Emission Tomography (PET), potential inhibitors of enzymatic functions, were regiospecifically labelled by nucleophilic substitution on trimethylammoniumbenzaldehyde triflate precursors 9. The [18F]fluoro aromatic aldehydes 12 obtained were easily converted to the corresponding [18F]fluorobenzyl halides [13 (X = 1)]. After alkylation of the lithium enolate of (2S,5S)-l-tert-Boc-2-tert-butyl-3,5-dimethyl-imidazolidin-4-one 2, the adducts were cleaved to give, after HPLC purification, various [18F]fluoro-α-methyl amino acid analogs with radiochemical yields of 10% (End of Bombardment, EOB) after a synthesis time of 120 min. The corresponding [19F]fluorinated amino acids 4 and [19F]fluoro intermediates were also prepared. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of non pigmented B16 melanoma cell-derived cytotoxic factors.
Siwek, B.; De Pauw-Gillet, Marie-Claire ULg; Quetin-Leclercq, J. et al

in Chemico-Biological Interactions (1997), 103(1), 59-73

We analyzed and tried to characterize substance(s) responsible for cytotoxic activities detected in culture media conditioned by non pigmented B16 melanoma cells (NPB16). The different cytological tests ... [more ▼]

We analyzed and tried to characterize substance(s) responsible for cytotoxic activities detected in culture media conditioned by non pigmented B16 melanoma cells (NPB16). The different cytological tests used showed that ultrafiltrated conditioned media (CM U1 fraction) contained several cytotoxic factors with a Mw lower than 1000 Da. These factors seemed to act either directly or indirectly on cell membranes, mitochondria, on the cell cycle and on protein and DNA synthesis. A cytotoxic activity could be found even after high dilution of CM U1. These cytotoxic factors were rapidly released by B16 cells in culture, independently of cell confluence. Their activities in the treated cells were also very fast and the cytotoxic effects were irreversible after only a few hours of treatment. These factors were not intermediate products during melanogenesis, neither polyamines, nor proteases. At least one of them seemed to be a small acidic and basic stable peptide without disulfide bounds but not heat stable. The synthesis of at least one of these cytotoxic factors was inhibited by cycloheximide and the cytotoxic activity was partially destroyed by pronase and trypsin, but not by pepsin. The cytotoxicity was not modified by copper complexants or free radical inhibitors (bovine serum albumin (BSA), tyrosine, superoxyde dismutase (SOD), catalase, vitamin E). Furthermore the levels of glutathione peroxydase activity and reduced glutathione did not change after treatment by CM U1 as compared to controls. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychiatrie de liaison:regards sur une pratique de la psychologie médicale en hôpital général
Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULg

in Revue francaise de psychiatrie et de psychologie médicale (1997)

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See detailEnhancement of Tamoxifen-Induced E-Cadherin Function by Ca2+ Channel Antagonists in Human Breast Cancer Mcf7/6 Cells
Charlier, Corinne ULg; Bruyneel, E.; Lechanteur, Chantal ULg et al

in European Journal of Pharmacology (1996), 317(2-3), 413-6

Despite its intensive use in adjuvant breast cancer therapy for more than 30 years, the exact mechanisms of action of tamoxifen have not yet been fully characterized. Tamoxifen was recently shown to ... [more ▼]

Despite its intensive use in adjuvant breast cancer therapy for more than 30 years, the exact mechanisms of action of tamoxifen have not yet been fully characterized. Tamoxifen was recently shown to restore the E-cadherin function of human breast cancer MCF7/6 cells and to suppress their invasive phenotype. Because tamoxifen interacts with targets implicated in Ca2+ homeostasis, we explored the possibility that the restoration of E-cadherin function in MCF7/6 cells induced by this drug could be affected by Ca2+ modulators. Two different Ca2+ channel antagonists (verapamil and nifedipine) potentiated the effect of tamoxifen on E-cadherin function, as evaluated with a fast cell aggregation assay. These molecules decreased the tamoxifen concentration needed to restore the E-cadherin function from 10(-6) M to 10(-7) M. When incubated with a Ca2+ channel agonist, Bay K8644 (methyl-1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-3-nitro-4-(2-trifluoro-methylphenyl)- pyridine-5-carboxylate), the effect of tamoxifen on E-cadherin function was completely abolished. These results demonstrate that the restoration of the E-cadherin function induced by tamoxifen depends, at least in part, on a Ca2+ pathway, and support the evidence of an effect of tamoxifen on Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms. Our data also suggest that Ca2+ channel modulators could make it possible to decrease the dose of tamoxifen administered to patients without reducing the therapeutic effects. [less ▲]

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See detailTriblock copolymer based thermoreversible gels. 3. Effect of stereocomplexation with iPMMA
Yu, Jian Ming; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecules (1996), 29(26), 8371-9378

Thermoreversible gelation of syndiotactic poly(methyl methacrylate) (sPMMA)−polybutadiene (PBD)−sPMMA, triblock copolymers in o-xylene has been studied in the presence of isotactic PMMA (iPMMA) in a large ... [more ▼]

Thermoreversible gelation of syndiotactic poly(methyl methacrylate) (sPMMA)−polybutadiene (PBD)−sPMMA, triblock copolymers in o-xylene has been studied in the presence of isotactic PMMA (iPMMA) in a large range of syndio/iso mixing ratio (s/i). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) shows that two types of association contribute to the gel formation, i.e., the self-aggregation of the sPMMA outer blocks and the stereocomplexation of the sPMMA outer blocks with iPMMA. At low iPMMA contents (s/i = 30/1), self-association of the outer blocks accounts for the gelation process, although stereocomplexation occurs. Stereocomplexation becomes the dominant gelation mechanism at a high enough iPMMA content (s/i = 2/1). Thus, gelation is observed at a copolymer concentration as low as 1 wt %. The time dependence of the storage (G‘) and loss (G‘‘) moduli has been measured in the 0.08−1Hz frequency range in order to probe the gelation process. At the gel point, where the loss angle (tan δc = G‘‘/G‘) is independent of the probing frequency, the sample fits in the typical power law G‘(ω) G‘‘(ω) ωΔ. While the gelation time is greatly influenced by the s/i mixing ratio, the scaling exponent Δ is essentially constant in the range of 0.70−0.75. The Δ value agrees with theoretical predictions as well as with experimental values reported for some chemical gels but it is different from the experimental values reported for most physical gels. The Δ value is also independent of the PBD microstructure and it also holds for sPMMA-polystyrene (PS)−PBD−PS−sPMMA (MSBSM) pentablock copolymers. Therefore, the value of Δ appears to be a typical exponent for thermoplastic gels based on triblock copolymers of the ABA type in o-xylene. [less ▲]

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See detailPoly[alkyl methacrylate-b-butadiene-b-alkyl methacrylate] triblock copolymers : synthesis, morphology, and mechanical properties at high temperatures
Yu, Jian Ming; Teyssié, Philippe; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecules (1996), 29(26), 8362-8370

Block copolymers of the ABA type, where B is polybutadiene (PBD) and A is poly(ethyl methacrylate) (PEMA), poly(tert-butyl methacrylate) (P-t-BMA), poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), or poly(isobornyl ... [more ▼]

Block copolymers of the ABA type, where B is polybutadiene (PBD) and A is poly(ethyl methacrylate) (PEMA), poly(tert-butyl methacrylate) (P-t-BMA), poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), or poly(isobornyl methacrylate) (PIBMA), have been successfully synthesized by sequential anionic polymerization of butadiene and methacrylates with the diadduct of tert-butyllithium to m-diisopropenylbenzene as a difunctional initiator. Block copolymers of a narrow molecular weight distribution (1.10) have been analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry, transmission electron microscopy, and dynamic mechanical analysis. These materials are phase-separated and have high mechanical performances. Special attention has been paid to the service temperature of these thermoplastic elastomers in comparison with a styrene−butadiene−styrene (SBS) triblock copolymer. The upper service temperature (UST) has been estimated from the temperature dependence of the tensile properties in the 25−150 °C range and found to change with the outer blocks. Polystyrene (Tg = 100°C) is at the origin of the lower UST, which is however comparable to PEMA (Tg = 90 °C) and P-t-BMA (Tg = 116 °C) containing triblock copolymers of similar molecular weight and composition. PMMA (Tg = 132 °C) outer blocks increase the UST of the triblocks, which is further increased by hydrogenation of the PBD midblock. The higher UST has been found for a PIBMA (Tg = 202 °C)-containing triblock copolymer that shows an ultimate tensile strength higher than 2 MPa at 150 °C. [less ▲]

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See detailInterleukin-1 Beta Induces Nuclear Factor Kappa B in Epithelial Cells Independently of the Production of Reactive Oxygen Intermediates
Bonizzi, Giuseppina; Dejardin, Emmanuel ULg; Piret, Bernard et al

in European Journal of Biochemistry (1996), 242(3), 544-9

A large body of work has been devoted to tumor necrosis factor alpha or interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) signaling leading to the activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B ... [more ▼]

A large body of work has been devoted to tumor necrosis factor alpha or interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) signaling leading to the activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) in various cell types. Several studies have indicated that NF-kappa B activation depends strictly on the production of reactive oxygen intermediates. In this report, we first demonstrated that IL-1 beta is a potent activator of NF-kappa B in various epithelial transformed cell lines (OVCAR-3, SKOV-3, MCF7 A/Z). In these cells, IL-1 beta rapidly induces NF-kappa B through a complete degradation of I kappa B-alpha, while H2O2 activates NF-kappa B with slower kinetics through a partial degradation of I kappa B-alpha, p100 and p105. We showed that IL-1 beta-mediated induction of NF-kappa B in OVCAR-3 and in other epithelial cell lines does not proceed through the production of reactive oxygen intermediates, while the same cytokine activates NF-kappa B in lymphoid cells through the intracellular generation of H2O2. Our study demonstrated that several signaling pathways lead to the activation of NF-kappa B, following IL-1 beta treatment in different cell types. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification of the active gene coding for the metastasis-associated 37LRP/p40 multifunctional protein.
Clausse, Nathalie; Jackers, Pascale ULg; Jares, P. et al

in DNA & Cell Biology (1996), 15(12), 1009-23

A 37LRP/p40 polypeptide is of major interest because it is consistently up-regulated in cancer cells in correlation with their invasive and metastatic phenotype. Furthermore, this polypeptide presents ... [more ▼]

A 37LRP/p40 polypeptide is of major interest because it is consistently up-regulated in cancer cells in correlation with their invasive and metastatic phenotype. Furthermore, this polypeptide presents intriguing multifunctional properties because it has been characterized as the precursor of the metastasis-associated 67-kD laminin receptor (67LR) and as a cytoplasmic ribosomal-associated protein. The isolation of the 37LRP/p40 gene is a prerequisite for identifying the molecular mechanisms responsible for the constant up-regulation of the 67LR expression in cancer cells. To date, the active 37LRP/p40 gene has never been identified in any species due to the existence of multiple pseudogenes in most vertebrates genomes. In this study, we report for the first time the gene structure and potential regulatory sequences of the 37 LRP/p40 gene. The chicken genome was selected to undergo this characterization because it is the only known vertebrate that bears a single 37 LRP/p40 gene copy. The 37 LRP/p40 active gene is composed of 7 exons and 6 introns and bears features characteristic of a ribosomal protein gene. It does not bear a classical TATA box and it exhibits several transcription initiation sites as demonstrated by RNase protection assay and primer extension. Analysis of potential regulatory regions suggests that gene expression is driven not only by the 5' genomic region but also by the 5' untranslated and intron 1 sequences. On the basis of gene structure and extensive protein evolutionary study, we found that the carboxyterminal domain of the protein is a conserved lock-and-key structure/function domain that could be involved in the biosynthesis of the higher-molecular-weight 67-kD laminin receptor in vertebrates, whereas the central core of the protein would be responsible for the ribosome associated function. The first identification of the active 37LRP/p40 gene presented in this study is a critical step toward the isolation of the corresponding human gene and the understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the up-regulation of its expression during tumor invasion and metastasis. [less ▲]

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See detailTnp-470 (Agm-1470): Mechanisms of Action and Early Clinical Development
Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Belotti, D.

in European Journal of Cancer (1996), 32A(14), 2520-7

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See detailDo Sex Differences in the Brain Explain Sex Differences in the Hormonal Induction of Reproductive Behavior? What 25 Years of Research on the Japanese Quail Tells Us
Balthazart, Jacques ULg; Tlemcani, O.; Ball, G. F.

in Hormones & Behavior (1996), 30(4), 627-61

Early workers interested in the mechanisms mediating sex differences in morphology and behavior assumed that differences in behavior that are commonly observed between males and females result from the ... [more ▼]

Early workers interested in the mechanisms mediating sex differences in morphology and behavior assumed that differences in behavior that are commonly observed between males and females result from the sex specificity of androgens and estrogens. [less ▲]

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See detailAnionic polymerization of various methacrylates initiated with LiCl-complexed sBuLi
Antoun, S.; Wang, Jin-Shan; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Polymer (1996), 37(25), 5755-5759

A simple alkyl lithium initiator (sBuLi) complexed with LiCl (10 molar equiv.) has been used to initiate the anionic polymerization of various methacrylic monomers, i.e. methyl methacrylate (MMA), tert ... [more ▼]

A simple alkyl lithium initiator (sBuLi) complexed with LiCl (10 molar equiv.) has been used to initiate the anionic polymerization of various methacrylic monomers, i.e. methyl methacrylate (MMA), tert-butyl methacrylate (tBuMA), glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), and dimethyl amino ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) in tetrahydrofuran at -78°C. Only the homopolymerization of tBuMA proceeds in a living manner, as evidenced by both the linear plot of experimental molecular weight (Mnexp) vs theoretical ones (Mncal,) (slope % 0.93) and monomer resumption experiments. However, three types of block copolymers, i.e. PtBuMA-b-PMMA, PtBuMA-b-PGMA, PtBuMA-b-PDMAEMA, have been successfully synthesized with a predictable molecular weight, and narrow molecular weight distribution. [less ▲]

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See detailReduction in Requirements for Allogeneic Blood Products: Pharmacologic Methods
Janssens, Marc ULg; Hartstein, Gary ULg; David, Jean-Louis ULg

in Annals of Thoracic Surgery (1996), 62(6), 1944-50

BACKGROUND: Numerous articles describe the reduction of perioperative bleeding by the therapeutic or prophylactic administration of drugs such as prostacyclin, desmopressin, and natural or synthetic ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Numerous articles describe the reduction of perioperative bleeding by the therapeutic or prophylactic administration of drugs such as prostacyclin, desmopressin, and natural or synthetic antifibrinolytics. METHODS: A review of the literature was carried out to help the reader define the indications of these drugs during cardiopulmonary bypass operations, highlight the questions that remain concerning their indications and modes of action, and suggest future studies to answer these remaining questions. RESULTS: Prostacyclin reduces platelet trauma induced by extracorporeal circulation but does not effectively reduce postoperative bleeding and transfusion requirements. Desmopressin acts as a "glue," improving platelet adhesion, and may be effective when postoperative bleeding is excessive, but its routine use in cardiac operations cannot be recommended. Natural and synthetic antifibrinolytics inhibit plasmin and plasmin-induced platelet dysfunction. These agents have been shown to decrease bleeding and the need for allogeneic transfusions after open heart operations. However, with antifibrinolytic drugs, the risk of thromboembolic phenomena cannot be neglected. With aprotinin, this risk appears to be minimal when the drug is used at concentrations high enough to inhibit plasma kallikrein also. CONCLUSIONS: Prophylactic antifibrinolytics are efficacious, but their routine use remains controversial, both for economic reasons and for fear of thromboembolic complications. [less ▲]

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See detailOncological Applications of Positron Emission Tomography with Fluorine-18 Fluorodeoxyglucose
Rigo, Pierre ULg; Paulus, Patrick; Kaschten, Bruno et al

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine (1996), 23(12), 1641-74

Positron emission tomography (PET) is now primarily used in oncological indication owing to the successful application of fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) in an increasing number of clinical ... [more ▼]

Positron emission tomography (PET) is now primarily used in oncological indication owing to the successful application of fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) in an increasing number of clinical indications at different stages of diagnosis, and for staging and follow-up. This review first considers the biological characteristics of FDG and then discusses methodological considerations regarding its use. Clinical indications are considered, and the results achieved in respect of various organs and tumour types are reviewed in depth. The review concludes with a brief consideration of the ways in which clinical PET might be improved. [less ▲]

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See detailLa CEI entre mythes et réalités
Bachkatov, Nina ULg

in Monde Diplomatique (Le) : Journal des Cercles Diplomatiques et des Grandes Organisations Internationales (1996)

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See detailMicrostructure development in isothermally melt-textured 123-211 composite materials
Auguste, F.; Rulmont, André ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg et al

in Journal of Low Temperature Physics (1996), 105(5-6), 1439-1444

Microstructures of isothermally melt-textured 123-211 composite materials have been examined during the solidification process from quenched specimens. The distribution of 211 particles, the ... [more ▼]

Microstructures of isothermally melt-textured 123-211 composite materials have been examined during the solidification process from quenched specimens. The distribution of 211 particles, the superconducting 123 grain boundary and the solid-liquid interface features are emphasized. The quality of the materials has been investigated by thermopower and thermal conductivity measurements. A seeded-melt texturing technique has been also tested in order to grow large single-domain of DyBa2Cu3O7-y. The chosen seed was a Dy2O3 single crystal. [less ▲]

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See detailStaging of the Mediastinum: Value of Positron Emission Tomography Imaging in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Bury, Thierry ULg; Paulus, P.; Dowlati, A. et al

in European Respiratory Journal : Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology (1996), 9(12), 2560-4

Recent studies have shown limitations of morphological imaging in staging mediastinal lymph node involvement in lung cancer. In contrast to computed tomography (CT), which depends primarily on anatomical ... [more ▼]

Recent studies have shown limitations of morphological imaging in staging mediastinal lymph node involvement in lung cancer. In contrast to computed tomography (CT), which depends primarily on anatomical imaging features, positron emission tomography (PET) with 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) depends mainly on the metabolic characteristics of a tissue for the diagnosis of disease. We have performed a prospective study comparing FDG-PET and CT of the thorax in the presurgical assessment of the mediastinum in 50 patients with newly diagnosed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). CT and PET scans were interpreted separately, and results were compared to pathological staging obtained during thoracotomy. Hilar or mediastinal lymph node involvement was present in 58%. In staging for lymph node involvement, CT had a sensitivity of 72% and specificity of 81%, whereas PET had a sensitivity and specificity of 90% and 86%, respectively. When the PET study was compared to histological results, there were four cases showing more advanced mediastinal involvement with PET and four cases showing less involvement with PET. From our preliminary results, we conclude that positron emission tomography with 18-fluorodeoxyglucose is significantly more accurate than computed tomography in the mediastinal staging of non-small cell lung cancer. [less ▲]

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See detailGliomatosis Cerebri: Clinical, Radiological and Pathological Report of a Case with a Stroke-Like Onset
Schoenen, Jean ULg; de Leval, L.; Reznik, M.

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (1996), 96(4), 294-300

A 62 year-old man was admitted with a right hemiparesis, sensory aphasia and right hemianopia which appeared on awakening. He was initially thought to have a stroke, but EEG showed diffuse slowing and ... [more ▼]

A 62 year-old man was admitted with a right hemiparesis, sensory aphasia and right hemianopia which appeared on awakening. He was initially thought to have a stroke, but EEG showed diffuse slowing and both CT scan and MRI irregular white matter lesion suggesting a leucoencephalopathy. His neurological deficit regressed, and he was discharged after 2 weeks. He was readmitted 6 months later because of mental confusion. MRI revealed diffuse white matter lesions extending up to the frontal lobes, these were hyperintense on T2 weighted images and suggested the diagnosis of gliomatosis cerebri (GC). The patient became progressively comatose and died 6 weeks later. At autopsy the brain looked diffusely swollen with irregular greyish areas of the white matter of both centrum ovale and brain stem. On microscopic examination the cerebrum and brain stem were diffusely and asymmetrically infiltrated by numerous neoplastic glial cells without angiogenesis or disruption of architectonic boundaries. There were no mitoses nor necrosis. Many tumour cells were GFAP- and S100-positive. A high proportion of cells contained the leucocyte antigen Leu-7. This case of gliomatosis cerebri is compared to the 9 published cases of GC with an initial focal neurological deficit and to the 19 publications reporting MRI results. The controversial nosological boundaries and etiopathogenetic hypotheses of this peculiar neoplastic disease are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailScreening and characterization of specific anti-lipopolysaccharide antibodies in Belgian blood donors by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays
Nys, Monique ULg; Laub, R.; Damas, Pierre ULg et al

in European Journal of Clinical Investigation (1996), 26(12), 1134-1142

The goal of this project was to find and collect high concentrations of endotoxin-specific antibodies for therapeutic IgG- or IgM-enriched preparations. Various enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs ... [more ▼]

The goal of this project was to find and collect high concentrations of endotoxin-specific antibodies for therapeutic IgG- or IgM-enriched preparations. Various enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were developed to perform longitudinal studies of the serological response to a large panel of smooth and rough purified lipopolysaccharide (LPS) extracts in a population of healthy blood donors. To accomplish this, 1612 human serum samples from volunteer blood donors collected by seven different blood banks in Belgium were screened and specific IgM and IgG activities were measured. Approximately 17% of the donors had anti-LPS concentrations higher than 40 mg L-1. Of these, 10.9% had anti-smooth LPS antibodies, 3.7% had anti-rough LPS antibodies and 2.8% were found to be positive towards both types of LPS. The mean anti-LPS antibody concentration was 8 mg L-1 for rough LPS and 14 mg L-1 for smooth LPS. Age- and sex-related distributions of the activities indicated that the greatest prevalence of high anti-LPS concentration was in women aged 40-49 years and in men older than 60 years. Differential absorption experiments showed that the pooled serum of selected blood donors contained a mixture of specific and cross-reacting antibodies. We detected predominantly anti-LPS activities due to the IgG1 and IgG2 subclasses. The range of specificities to different LPS was increased by the pooling of selected sera. It was concluded that pools of naturally occurring specific anti-LPS immunoglobulin antibodies may be obtained in Belgium by screening blood donors using ELISAs that we have developed. [less ▲]

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See detailAdaptation de la méthodologie des langues étrangères aux styles d'apprentissage des élèves : un nouveau miroir aux alouettes ?
Simons, Germain ULg

in Etudes et Travaux (1996), (1), 19-38

Selon certains spécialistes de l'apprentissage d'une langue étrangère, le style d'apprentissage d'un individu fonctionne comme un "filtre à input" et exerce, de ce fait, une influence considérable sur le ... [more ▼]

Selon certains spécialistes de l'apprentissage d'une langue étrangère, le style d'apprentissage d'un individu fonctionne comme un "filtre à input" et exerce, de ce fait, une influence considérable sur le processus d'apprentissage de la langue étrangère et sur le niveau de performance atteint par les différents types d'apprenants. Cette conception des styles d'apprentissage conduit naturellement à supposer que l'enseignement optimal d'une langue étrangère est celui dont la méthodologie est en adéquation avec le style d'apprentissage des élèves. Selon G. Simons, il convient d'aborder ce type de recherche avec la plus grande prudence si on ne veut pas qu'elle devienne un miroir aux alouettes, un de plus. Pour éviter ce piège, G. Simons analyse quelques problèmes sous-jacents à ce domaine de recherche et tente d'y apporter des solutions. [less ▲]

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See detailTreatment of Excessive Mediastinal Bleeding after Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Hartstein, Gary ULg; Janssens, Marc ULg

in Annals of Thoracic Surgery (1996), 62(6), 1951-4

BACKGROUND: Excessive mediastinal bleeding after cardiopulmonary bypass is one of the most frequently reported complications of cardiac operations. Appropriate treatment requires a rapid and effective ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Excessive mediastinal bleeding after cardiopulmonary bypass is one of the most frequently reported complications of cardiac operations. Appropriate treatment requires a rapid and effective diagnostic work-up, based on the knowledge of the pathophysiology induced by cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Possible causes, diagnostic methods available, and therapeutic approaches are reviewed in the light of the literature published on excessive bleeding after cardiac operations. RESULTS: When bleeding is massive (> 250 to 300 mL/h for the first 2 hours, > 150 mL/h thereafter), immediate surgical reexploration is mandatory. When bleeding is less important (50 to 150 mL/h), the decision to reoperate should be based on the presence of hemodynamic compromise or a suspected surgical cause. Otherwise, coagulation testing should allow the correction of hemostatic defects as appropriate with protamine, platelet concentrates, fresh frozen plasma, desmopressin, or antifibrinolytics. Hypothermia and hypotension should be corrected and a trial of positive end-expiratory pressure may be considered if diffuse mediastinal oozing (especially from the bed of the mammary artery) is suspected. CONCLUSIONS: A protocol is suggested to guide treatment, taking into account the rapidity of blood loss and the suspected underlying cause. [less ▲]

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See detailBeta-Carbolines Induce Apoptotic Death of Cerebellar Granule Neurones in Culture
Malgrange, Brigitte ULg; Rigo, Jean-Marie ULg; Coucke, Paul et al

in Neuroreport (1996), 7(18), 3041-5

Apart from its role in fast inhibitory transmission, only neurotrophic effects have been reported following activation of the GABAA receptor. Here, we show that n-butyl-beta-carboline-3-carboxylate and n ... [more ▼]

Apart from its role in fast inhibitory transmission, only neurotrophic effects have been reported following activation of the GABAA receptor. Here, we show that n-butyl-beta-carboline-3-carboxylate and n-methyl-beta-carboline-3-carboxamide, which are negative allosteric modulators of the GABAA receptor acting at the benzodiazepine site, are neurotoxic for cerebellar granule neurones in culture. The beta-carboline-induced neuronal death is apoptotic since DNA internucleosomal fragmentation was induced and the neurotoxicity could be prevented by inhibitors of mRNA or protein synthesis. As GABA and benzodiazepine ligands (diazepam and Ro 15-1788) protect cerebellar granule cells against beta-carboline-induced toxicity, these data raise the possibility that the interaction between the beta-carbolines and the GABAA receptor is the triggering event leading to neuronal apoptosis. [less ▲]

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See detailGrowth of Cayley and diluted Cayley trees with two kinds of entities
Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg

in Journal of Physics : A Mathematical & General (1996), 29(22), 7089-7104

A kinetic growth model derived from the magnetic Eden model is introduced in order to simulate the growth of hierarchical structures, such as Cayley trees. We only consider the case where two kinds of ... [more ▼]

A kinetic growth model derived from the magnetic Eden model is introduced in order to simulate the growth of hierarchical structures, such as Cayley trees. We only consider the case where two kinds of entities are competing with each other can be further subjected to an external field. The very relevant case in which both kinds of entities have different coordination numbers is introduced here for the first time, and is called the diluted Cayley tree. Physical and geometrical properties of the finite and infinite trees are exactly found and simulated. Finite-size effects are emphasized and illustrated on the global or local magnetization and on the chemical activity. Asymptotic limits are given in each case. The generated patterns can be related to a correlated percolation problem briefly discussed in the appendix. [less ▲]

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See detailDecrease of Plasma Vitamin E (Alpha-Tocopherol) Levels in Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Sakalihasan, Natzi ULg; Pincemail, Joël ULg; Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg et al

in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1996), 800

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See detailCytokine Production by Human Thymic Epithelial Cells: Control by the Immune Recognition of the Neurohypophysial Self-Antigen
Martens, Henri ULg; Malgrange, Brigitte ULg; Robert, F. et al

in Regulatory Peptides (1996), 67(1), 39-45

Oxytocin (OT) has been shown to be the dominant peptide of the neurohypophysial family expressed by thymic epithelial and nurse cells (TEC/TNC) in various species. Thymic OT is not secreted but, after ... [more ▼]

Oxytocin (OT) has been shown to be the dominant peptide of the neurohypophysial family expressed by thymic epithelial and nurse cells (TEC/TNC) in various species. Thymic OT is not secreted but, after translocation of a hybrid neurophysin/MHC class I protein, is integrated within the plasma membrane of TEC, thus allowing its presentation to pre-T cells. In order to further demonstrate that thymic OT behaves like a membrane antigen, we assessed the effect of mAbs to OT on cytokine productions by cultures enriched in human TEC. 75-85% pure TEC cultures were prepared from human thymic fragments. Using immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy, ir-OT, ir-interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), ir-interleukin-6 (IL-6) and ir-leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) could be detected in these TEC cultures. ir-OT was restricted to TEC, while some ir-IL-6 and ir-LIF were also seen in occasional fibroblasts. In basal conditions, ir-IL-6 and ir-LIF (but not ir-OT and ir-IL-1 beta) were detected in the supernatants of human TEC cultures. MAbs to OT induced a marked increase of ir-IL-6 and ir-LIF secretion in TEC cultures. No significant effect was observed using mAbs against vasopressin, mouse immunoglobulins, or control ascitic fluid controls. These data show that OT is fully processed and recognized by specific mAbs at the outer surface of TEC plasma membrane. They further support that thymic OT behaves as the self-antigen of the neurohypophysial family. [less ▲]

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See detailTrypsin and Trypsinogen from an Antarctic Fish: Molecular Basis of Cold Adaptation
Genicot, S.; Rentier-Delrue, Françoise ULg; Edwards, D. et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology (1996), 1298(1), 45-57

Trypsin from Antarctic fish Paranotothenia magellanica displays molecular and kinetic properties typical of enzymes produced by psychrophilic organisms. The enzyme has a high catalytic efficiency at low ... [more ▼]

Trypsin from Antarctic fish Paranotothenia magellanica displays molecular and kinetic properties typical of enzymes produced by psychrophilic organisms. The enzyme has a high catalytic efficiency at low and moderate temperatures and is rapidly inactivated at temperatures higher than 30 degrees C. The nucleotide sequence was determined after mRNA extraction and cDNA synthesis. The cDNA encodes a pretrypsinogen which includes a seven residue activation peptide containing only three acidic residues preceeding the 222 amino-acid mature enzyme. A three-dimensional model of the enzyme was built. Structural parameters possibly involved in the adaptation to cold have been derived from comparison with the three-dimensional structure of the bovine enzyme. Among them are the lack of Tyr-151 in the substrate binding pocket, an overall decrease in the number of salt bridges and hydrophobicity and the increase in the surface hydrophilicity. [less ▲]

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See detailProtein Kinase- and Staurosporine-Dependent Induction of Neurite Outgrowth and Plasminogen Activator Activity in Pc12 Cells
Leprince, Pierre ULg; Bonvoisin, Catherine ULg; Rogister, Bernard ULg et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (1996), 52(9), 1399-405

We analysed how interactions between protein kinase-dependent intracellular signalling pathways were implicated in the control of the production of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) and the ... [more ▼]

We analysed how interactions between protein kinase-dependent intracellular signalling pathways were implicated in the control of the production of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) and the generation of neurite outgrowth by PC12 cells. To that aim, cells were treated with agents that interact with the trk receptor and with protein kinases A and C. Nerve growth factor induced only the formation of large neurites. The release of the protease and the production of short neurite outgrowth were found to be protein-kinase-A-dependent events that could be enhanced by simultaneous activation of protein kinase C with phorbol ester. At high concentration, staurosporine, a nonselective inhibitor of protein kinases, induced the production of short neurites and mimicked the protein-kinase-A-dependent effect on tPA release. Such a response was not observed with K-252a, an analogue of staurosporine devoid of neurite-outgrowth-promoting activity. The responses to protein kinase A stimulation and the addition of staurosporine, although similar, seemed to occur through an activation of distinct, yet interacting, signalling pathways. In conclusion, tPA release and large neurite outgrowth from PC12 cells are controlled by parallel, albeit interacting, pathways, suggesting that these two potentially antagonistic events in PC12 cell differentiation can be modulated in a concerted way or independently of each other, depending on the activity of several protein kinases. [less ▲]

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See detailEvidence of involvement of yeast proliferating cell nuclear antigen in DNA mismatch repair
Johnson, Robert; Kovvali, G.; Guzder, Sami et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (1996), 271(45), 27897-90

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See detailNt-3 Has a Tropic Effect on Process Outgrowth by Postnatal Auditory Neurones in Vitro
Malgrange, Brigitte ULg; Lefebvre, P. P.; Martin, Didier ULg et al

in Neuroreport (1996), 7(15-17), 2495-9

CONFOCAL analysis of early postnatal auditory neurones in a bicompartmental culture system was used to test for chemoattractant properties of NGF, BDNF and NT-3 on neuronal process outgrowth. NT-3 exerted ... [more ▼]

CONFOCAL analysis of early postnatal auditory neurones in a bicompartmental culture system was used to test for chemoattractant properties of NGF, BDNF and NT-3 on neuronal process outgrowth. NT-3 exerted a strong tropic effect on neuritic outgrowth from auditory neurones in this system. BDNF and NGF did not have any tropic activity that directed processes outgrowth from auditory neurones. However, BDNF was important for the support of neuronal survival in NGF-treated cultures and for neuritogenesis in NT-3-treated cultures. Since NT-3 has been identified as both a survival factor and a chemotropic agent for auditory neurones, it is likely that this neurotrophin will be a useful therapeutic agent in the treatment of damaged cochleae for the recovery of hearing. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis and properties of poly[isobornyl methacrylate (IBMA)-b-butadiene (BD)-b-IBMA] copolymers : new thermoplastic elastomers of a large service temperature range
Yu, Jian Ming; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecules (1996), 29(16), 7316-7332

Anionic polymerization of isobornyl methacrylate (IBMA) has been studied in THF and toluene in a temperature range from −78 to +40 °C by using (1,1-diphenyl-3,3-dimethylbutyl)lithium (DDBLi) as an ... [more ▼]

Anionic polymerization of isobornyl methacrylate (IBMA) has been studied in THF and toluene in a temperature range from −78 to +40 °C by using (1,1-diphenyl-3,3-dimethylbutyl)lithium (DDBLi) as an initiator in the presence of LiCl or not. Effect of solvent and polymerization temperature on tacticity has been studied. The reactivity of IBMA is comparable to tert-butyl methacrylate (tBMA), and polymers of a very narrow molecular weight distribution (<1.10) have been synthesized at room temperature, in THF, in the presence of LiCl. The Tg of PIBMA is found to vary from 170 to 206 °C with chain tacticity. Poly(isobornyl methacrylate) (PIBMA)−polybutadiene (PBD)−PIBMA triblock copolymers have been synthesized by using the m-diisopropenylbenzene (m-DIB)/tert-butyllithium (t-BuLi) diadduct as an initiator. The PBD midblock has been prepared in a cyclohexane/diethyl ether (100/6, v/v) mixture at room temperature. THF has been added [cyclohexane/diethyl ether/THF (100/6/100, v/v/v)] before the IBMA polymerization takes place at either −78 or +25 °C. Triblock copolymers of a very narrow molecular weight distribution (1.10) have been synthesized even at 25 °C, and no gel formation has been observed. These new triblock copolymers exhibit high tensile strength (30 MPa), high ultimate elongation (1000%), and high upper service temperature (160 °C). [less ▲]

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See detailA method to optimize intermediate-passband photometric systems.
Royer, P.; Manfroid, Jean ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics. Supplement Series (1996), 119

A method is proposed to optimize the definition of existing photometric filters in order to minimize passband-matching problems. It is argued that the "improved" systems should generally yield better ... [more ▼]

A method is proposed to optimize the definition of existing photometric filters in order to minimize passband-matching problems. It is argued that the "improved" systems should generally yield better astrophysical parameters than the original ones. Although of a general scope, the method is checked on intermediate-passband filters of the Stroemgren system. [less ▲]

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See detailInfrared aperture photometry at ESO (1983-1994) and its future use.
van der Bliek, N. S.; Manfroid, Jean ULg; Bouchet, P.

in Astronomy and Astrophysics. Supplement Series (1996), 119

We describe the infrared (IR) photometric system for the single channel photometers at ESO, which have been used from 1983 until 1994. In addition to the broadband near infrared (NIR, 1-5μm) photometric ... [more ▼]

We describe the infrared (IR) photometric system for the single channel photometers at ESO, which have been used from 1983 until 1994. In addition to the broadband near infrared (NIR, 1-5μm) photometric system presented in 1991 by Bouchet et al. and Bersanelli et al., we describe a narrow-band NIR photometric system and a mid infrared (MIR, 7-20μm) photometric system. We also extend the set of NIR standard stars by Bouchet et al. towards fainter objects (K=~9). The photometric data of the standard stars in these systems were extracted from the complete IR photometric data archive of ESO, covering 10 years. The zeropoints of the NIR photometry are set by assuming that HR 3314 has a V-magnitude of 3.89, and that V-K=-0.05, J-K=-0.01, H-K=-0.01, K-L'=0.00, K-M=0.00. The zeropoints of the MIR photometry are set by assuming that the colours ofβ Hyi (HR 0098) and α CenA (HR 5459) are equal to the colours of the Sun. We adopt the absolute calibration of Megessier (1995A&A...296..771M) for the NIR and we argue that this calibration can be extrapolated to 20μm, using the MIR calibrations by Rieke et al. (1985AJ.....90..900R) and Cohen et al. (1992AJ....104.1650C). The definition of the zeropoints is consistent with the absolute calibration. We obtained accurate (Ï =~0.02mag.) NIR photometry of about 240 standard stars and MIR photometry of about 40 standard stars (Ï =~0.04mag). Comparison of our NIR photometric system with other well established systems shows that there are some small colour dependencies and zeropoint offsets which are always smaller than about 0.02mag. except for the L' band. [less ▲]

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See detailPotentiation of the Pro-Inflammatory Effects of Bradykinin by Inhibition of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme and Aminopeptidase P in Rat Paws
Damas, Jacques ULg; Liégeois, Jean-François ULg; Simmons, W. H.

in Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology (1996), 354(5), 670-6

The influence of some peptidase inhibitors on oedema and plasma extravasation induced by bradykinin and carrageenan in rat paw was evaluate. Bradykinin-induced oedema in normal rats was increased by o ... [more ▼]

The influence of some peptidase inhibitors on oedema and plasma extravasation induced by bradykinin and carrageenan in rat paw was evaluate. Bradykinin-induced oedema in normal rats was increased by o-phenanthroline (3.10(-2) M), by captopril (10(-6) M to 10(-4) M), by lisinopril (10(-6) M to 10(-4), or by lisinopril (10(-5) M) in combination with apstatin (8.10(-5) M or 1.4 10(-4) M). It was not modified by phosphoramidon (10(-6) M to 10(-5) M) and by diprotin A (10(-3) M). It was increased by mergepta at high concentrations (2.10(-4) M). Mergepta did not increase the potentiating effect of captopril. Carrageenan-oedema in normal rats was increased by captopril (10(-5) M), lisinopril (10(-5) M) and apstatin (1.4 10(-4) M. It was not modified by mergepta (10(-4) M), phosphoramidon (10 (-5) M) and diprotin A (109-3) M). Des-Arg1-bradykinin and Des-Arg9-bradykinin have low oedema-promoting effects. Captopril (10(-5) M) increased the effects of bradykinin but not those of carrageenan in kininogen-deficit Brown Norway rats. Angiotensin-converting enzyme and aminopeptidase P appear to be main kinin-inactivating enzymes in rat paws. Carboxypeptidase N, neutral endopeptidase 24.11 and dipeptidyl(amino)peptidase IV do not play a significant role in this inactivation. [less ▲]

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See detailSubset-Specific Analysis of Calcium Fluxes in Murine Aids
Moutschen, Michel ULg; Trebak, M.; Greimers, Roland ULg et al

in International Immunology (1996), 8(11), 1715-27

Infection of susceptible strains of mice with the Duplan strain of murine leukemia viruses induces a syndrome called MAIDS (murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) characterized by immunodeficiency and ... [more ▼]

Infection of susceptible strains of mice with the Duplan strain of murine leukemia viruses induces a syndrome called MAIDS (murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) characterized by immunodeficiency and lymphoproliferation. In addition to a complete refractoriness of most subsets of lymphocytes to mitogen stimulation, the development of phenotypic abnormalities occurs such as the appearance of an abnormal CD4+ T cell subset lacking membranes Thy-1. This study was performed to compare the calcium responses during the early stages of MAIDS (week 9 or earlier) between T cells and B cells and between CD4+Thy-1- and CD4+Thy-1+ T cells. B cells were strikingly less affected than T cells: their baseline [Ca2+]i did not significantly increase, and their calcium response to anti-IgM antibody and concanavalin A (Con A) was partially maintained. In contrast, the response to Con A was completely abolished in T cells. Interestingly, calcium mobilization in response to membrane receptor-independent stimuli such as ionophores and thapsigargin was strongly inhibited in T cells, while no such inhibition was found in B cells. In comparison with their CD4+Thy-1+ counterparts, CD4+Thy-1- T cells had blunted calcium responses in controls, as well as in infected mice. However, CD4+Thy-1+ T cells were also strikingly altered, suggesting that the loss of membrane Thy-1 could be associated with, but not directly responsible for abnormalities of calcium responses in CD4+ T cells from RadLV-Rs-infected mice. [less ▲]

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See detailLe diabète insulinodépendant
Geenen, Vincent ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(11), 684-94

Par son caractère chronique et la gravité de ses complications à long terme, le diabète insulino-dépendant (DID) constitue une véritable leçon de modestie pour le médecin à la fin de ce siècle. Le DID est ... [more ▼]

Par son caractère chronique et la gravité de ses complications à long terme, le diabète insulino-dépendant (DID) constitue une véritable leçon de modestie pour le médecin à la fin de ce siècle. Le DID est un modèle de maladie autoimmune spécifique d'organe et même d'une cellule particulière, la cellule ß insulino-sécrétrice des îlots de Langerhans dans le pancréas. Parler de maladie autoimmune signifie aussi rupture de la tolérance immunitaire vis-à-vis d'un composant du Soi. La connaissance des mécanismes responsables de la tolérance de la cellule ß et la compréhension des phénomènes génétiques et environnementaux impliqués dans sa rupture permettront la mise au point d'une prévention efficace, voire d'une éradication complète du DID. La vaccination 'tolérogène' basée sur la connaissance des antigènes thymiques responsables de l'éducation immunitaire au Soi constitute une de ces voies d'avenir prometteuse. [less ▲]

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See detailLes prions, aspects moleculaires
Rentier, Bernard ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(11), 700-705

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See detailExpression of the 67-Kd Laminin Receptor, Galectin-1, and Galectin-3 in Advanced Human Uterine Adenocarcinoma
van den Brule, F. A.; Buicu, C.; Berchuck, A. et al

in Human Pathology (1996), 27(11), 1185-91

Alterations of tumor cell interactions with laminin, a basement membrane glycoprotein, are consistent features of the invasive and metastatic phenotype. Qualitative and quantitative changes in the ... [more ▼]

Alterations of tumor cell interactions with laminin, a basement membrane glycoprotein, are consistent features of the invasive and metastatic phenotype. Qualitative and quantitative changes in the expression of cell surface laminin-binding proteins have been correlated with the ability of cancer cells to cross basement membranes during the metastatic cascade. Such phenotypic modifications are usually associated with poor prognosis. In this study, the authors examined the possibility that expression of three laminin-binding proteins, the 67-kD laminin receptor (67LR), galectin-1, and galectin-3, is altered in human endometrial cancer in a fashion similar to that reported in other carcinomas, such as breast, colon, and ovarian cancer. Twenty advanced uterine adenocarcinomas were analyzed for expression of these three molecules using immunoperoxidase staining and specific antibodies. The authors found a significant increase in the expression of the 67LR and galectin-1 in cancer cells compared with normal adjacent endometrium (P = .0004 and .0022, respectively). As observed in other carcinomas, a significant down-regulation of galectin-3 expression was found in endometrial cancer cells compared with normal mucosa (P = .02). In the galectin-3 positive tumors, galectin-3 was detected in the cytoplasm and/or nucleus of cancer cells. Interestingly, tumors in which galectin-3 was detected only in the cytoplasm were characterized by deeper invasion of the myometrium than lesions where galectin-3 was found both in nucleus and cytoplasm (P = .02). This study shows an alteration of nonintegrin laminin-binding protein expression in advanced human endometrial cancer. Further studies on larger populations should determine the prognostic value of the detection of these laminin-binding proteins in endometrial carcinoma. Inverse modulation of the 67LR and galectin-3 appears to be a phenotypical feature of invasive carcinoma. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Several Peptidase Inhibitors on the Pro-Inflammatory Effects of Substance P, Capsaicin and Collagenase
Damas, Jacques ULg; Bourdon, V.; Liégeois, Jean-François ULg et al

in Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology (1996), 354(5), 662-9

Injection of substance P (SP) in a rat hindpaw induced extravasation of 125I-labelled albumin in both hindpaws and salivation. Intravenous injection of SP dose-dependently increased vascular permeability ... [more ▼]

Injection of substance P (SP) in a rat hindpaw induced extravasation of 125I-labelled albumin in both hindpaws and salivation. Intravenous injection of SP dose-dependently increased vascular permeability. This latter effect was increased in rat paws by captopril, an inhibitor of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), administered locally in combination with diprotin A, an inhibitor of an dipeptidyl(amino)peptidase IV (DAP IV) or phosphoramidon, an inhibitor of neutral endopeptidase (NEP). The increase in permeability induced by SP was inhibited by RP 67580, a NK-1-receptor antagonist. Intravenous injection of capsaicin induced labelled albumin extravasation in rat paws. This effect was increased by combination of captopril with diprotin A or phosphoramidon, but not by captopril associated with amastatin, an inhibitor of aminopeptidase M (AmM). It was suppressed by RP 67580. Injection of collagenase in rat paws triggered a swelling and a local plasma exudation. These responses were reduced by RP 67580 but not by RP 68651, its inactive enantiomer. They were increased by combination of captopril with diprotin A or phosphoramidon in normal rats. The potentiating effects of captopril and diprotin A were suppressed by RP 67580 in normal rats but did not develop in kininogen-deficient rats. The oedema induced by collagenase was also increased by lisinopril, another ACE inhibitor, administered locally in combination with apstatin, an inhibitor of aminopeptidase P (AmP). In rats pretreated by methysergide, collagenase-induced oedema was reduced and can be increased by captopril, by lisinopril, administered alone or by lisinopril associated with apstatin. It is concluded that SP is mainly inactivated in rat paws by ACE, DAP IV and NEP. In collagenase-induced oedema, a low amount of SP would be released from afferent nerve terminals by bradykinin formed in low amounts. Bradykinin is inactivated in rat paws by ACE and AmP. In collagenase-oedema, the pro-inflammatory effects of bradykinin are concealed by the effects of the other mediators. [less ▲]

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See detailStructural and Functional Analysis of Bovine Herpesvirus 1 Minor Glycoproteins
Baranowski, Eric; Keil, Günther; Lyaku, Japhet et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (1996), 53(1-2), 91-101

This paper focuses on the structure and functions of bovine herpesvirus 1 minor glycoproteins gH, gE, gG and gp42. It reviews the progress which has been made in their identification and characterization ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on the structure and functions of bovine herpesvirus 1 minor glycoproteins gH, gE, gG and gp42. It reviews the progress which has been made in their identification and characterization, in the study of their temporal expression and processing in infected cells, and finally in the understanding of their biological activities. In addition, aspects discussed include a comparison with two other alphaherpesviruses, namely herpes simplex virus and pseudorabies virus. [less ▲]

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See detailA toy model for life at the "edge of chaos"
Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg

in Computers & Graphics (1996), 20(6), 921-923

In this short paper, we illustrate the emergence of complex structures from a simple model of life at the "edge of chaos". The visualization of the generated patterns provides a good way for understanding ... [more ▼]

In this short paper, we illustrate the emergence of complex structures from a simple model of life at the "edge of chaos". The visualization of the generated patterns provides a good way for understanding the self-organized critical dynamics of the model. [less ▲]

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See detailUmberto Eco
Strivay, Lucienne ULg

in Voir (1996), 12-13(novembre), 87-91

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See detailIntermolecular interactions in poly(vinylidene fluoride) and ε-caprolactam mixtures
Liu, Zehui; Maréchal, Philippe; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Polymer (1996), 37(23), 5317-5320

Mixtures of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and caprolactam (CPL) have been investigated as models for possible cross-interactions between vinylidene fluoride and amide structural units, that might ... [more ▼]

Mixtures of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and caprolactam (CPL) have been investigated as models for possible cross-interactions between vinylidene fluoride and amide structural units, that might account for the very fine phase morphology previously observed in PVDF/polyamide 6 blends. Over the entire composition range, the PVDF/CPL mixtures are monophase above the PVDF melting temperature. From the depression of the PVDF melting point, a negative interaction energy density, B, has been calculated that, however, depends on both temperature and CPL concentration. Mutual solubility of PVDF and CPL and negative B values are consistent with specific intermolecular interactions whose nature is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailBovine Herpesvirus 4: Genomic Organization and Relationship with Two Other Gammaherpesviruses, Epstein-Barr Virus and Herpesvirus Saimiri
Lomonte, P.; Bublot, M.; van Santen, V. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (1996), 53(1-2), 79-89

Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV-4) belongs to the gammaherpesvirinae subfamily. Although the whole sequence of BHV-4 genome is not known it was possible, based on random sequencing, to assume that its genomic ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV-4) belongs to the gammaherpesvirinae subfamily. Although the whole sequence of BHV-4 genome is not known it was possible, based on random sequencing, to assume that its genomic organization consists of genes clustered in blocks whose orientation and location in the genome are conserved within a herpesvirus subfamily. Between these blocks lie genes which are specific to either a particular virus or a virus subfamily. BHV-4 genome consists of 5 gene blocks conserved among the gammaherpesviruses and particularly within the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and the herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) genomes. Analysis of the regions located outside the gene blocks showed the presence of 12 open reading frames (ORFs). Protein database comparisons showed that no ORF translation products were similar to proteins encoded by alpha- or beta-herpesviruses. Nevertheless, 5 ORFs were homologous in amino acid sequences to proteins encoded by HVS and one was similar to a protein encoded by both HVS and EBV. On the basis of the molecular data BHV-4 is more closely related to HVS than to EBV. Genes homologous to cellular genes have been described in both HVS and EBV genomes. No genes homologous to presently sequenced cellular genes were found among those found in the BHV-4 genome to date. [less ▲]

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See detailLessons to be learned from varicella-zoster virus
Rentier, Bernard ULg; Piette, Jacques ULg; Baudoux, Laurence et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (1996), 53(1-2), 55-66

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is an alphaherpesvirus responsible for two human diseases: chicken pox and shingles. The virus has a respiratory port of entry. After two successive viremias, it reaches the ... [more ▼]

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is an alphaherpesvirus responsible for two human diseases: chicken pox and shingles. The virus has a respiratory port of entry. After two successive viremias, it reaches the skin where it causes typical lesions. There, it penetrates the peripheral nervous system and it remains latent in dorsal root ganglia. It is still debatable whether VZV persists in neurons or in satellite cells. During latency, VZV expresses a limited set of transcripts of its immediate early (IE) and early (E) genes but no protein has been detected. Mechanisms of reactivation from ganglia have not been identified. However, dysfunction of the cellular immune system appears to be involved in this process. The cell-associated nature of VZV has made it difficult to identify a temporal order of gene expression, but there appears to be a cascade mechanism as for HSV-1. The lack of high titre cell-free virions or recombination mutants has hindered so far the understanding of VZV gene functions. Five genes, ORFs 4, 10, 61, 62, and 63 that encode regulatory proteins could be involved in VZV latency. ORF4p activates gene promoters with basal activities. ORF10p seems to activate the ORF 62 promoter. ORF61p has trans-activating and trans-repressing activities. The major IE protein ORF62p, a virion component, has DNA-binding and regulatory functions, transactivates many VZV promoters and even regulates its own expression. ORF63p is a nuclear IE protein of yet unclear regulatory functions, abundantly expressed very early in infection. We have established an animal model of VZV latency in the rat nervous system, enabling us to study the expression of viral mRNA and protein expression during latency, and yielding results similar to those found in humans. This model is beginning to shed light on the molecular events in VZV persistent infection and on the regulatory mechanisms that maintain the virus in a latent stage in nerve cells. [less ▲]

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See detailPolyimide foams derived from a high Tg polyimide with grafted poly(α-methylstyrene)
Hedrick, James L; DiPietro, R.; Plummer, C. J. G. et al

in Polymer (1996), 37(23), 5229-5236

A new route to high-Tg, thermally stable polyimide foams has been developed. Foams were prepared by casting microphase-separated graft copolymers comprising a thermally stable main chain, polyimide, and a ... [more ▼]

A new route to high-Tg, thermally stable polyimide foams has been developed. Foams were prepared by casting microphase-separated graft copolymers comprising a thermally stable main chain, polyimide, and a thermally labile graft, poly(α-methylstyrene). The copolymer compositions were designed so that the thermally labile block would be the dispersed phase. This can unzip to its monomer upon heating, and the decomposition product diffuses out of the film, leaving pores embedded in a matrix of the thermally stable component. The copolymers were synthesized through either the poly(amic acid) precursor, followed by chemical cyclodehydration to the imide form, or the poly(amic alkyl ester) precursor followed by thermal imidization. The decomposition of the α-methylstyrene in the block copolymer was studied by thermogravimetric, dynamic mechanical and thermomechanical analyses. Mild decomposition conditions were required to avoid rapid depolymerization of the α-methylstyrene and excessive plasticization of the polyimide matrix. The foams showed pore sizes with diameters ranging from less than 20 nm to over 1 µm, depending upon the synthetic route employed, and the reduction in the mass density was generally consistent with the starting composition. [less ▲]

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See detailElectrochemical synthesis and characterization of the electronic structure of new conjugated polymers from dithienylene vinylene derivatives
Jérôme, Christine ULg; Maertens, Christophe; Mertens, Marc et al

in Synthetic Metals (1996), 83(2), 103-109

Highly conjugated thiophene derivatives, based on thienylene vinylene and thienylene vinylene phenylene units, have been synthesized in order to examine: (i) the effect of such regular conjugated monomer ... [more ▼]

Highly conjugated thiophene derivatives, based on thienylene vinylene and thienylene vinylene phenylene units, have been synthesized in order to examine: (i) the effect of such regular conjugated monomer structures on polymer formation; and (ii) the optical and electrochemical properties of the corresponding macromolecules. The all-trans monomers have been prepared by a Wittig reaction. The polymers have then been synthesized electrochemically. The polymers are electrochromic and can be reversibly doped both oxidatively and reductively. Their electrochemical behavior and optical properties have been analyzed on the basis of a series of quantum-chemical calculations. [less ▲]

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See detailPharma-clinics. Comment je traite... un patient diabétique de type 1 par pompe portable à insuline
Philips, J. C.; Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(11), 678-80

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See detail‘Bourgeoisie’, ‘massa’ en ‘volk’. Een kader voor de (re)constructie van Van Ostaijens ontwikkeling
Spinoy, Erik ULg

in Ons Erfdeel (1996), 39(5), 663-672

This article attempts to reframe the literary work of the modernist writer Paul van Ostaijen by focusing on his construction of his supposedly 'avant-gardist' position in society: anti-establishment and ... [more ▼]

This article attempts to reframe the literary work of the modernist writer Paul van Ostaijen by focusing on his construction of his supposedly 'avant-gardist' position in society: anti-establishment and anti-elitist, but also aloof of the 'ignorant' and gullible masses. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence de l'association du nomegestrol acetate sur l'amélioration de la qualité de vie induite par une estrogenotherapie chez la femme ménopausée
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Zartarian, M.; Colau, J. C.

in Contraception, Fertilite, Sexualité (1992) (1996), 24(11), 847-51

Estrogen replacement therapy in postmenopausal women is followed by several benefits including a prompt improvement of quality of life. Due to uterine proliferation induced by prolonged estrogen intake ... [more ▼]

Estrogen replacement therapy in postmenopausal women is followed by several benefits including a prompt improvement of quality of life. Due to uterine proliferation induced by prolonged estrogen intake, progestogens are usually associated, on a cyclical basis, in hormonal replacement therapy prescribed to non-hysterectomized women. Persistence of the beneficial effect of estrogen on quality of life, during progestogens intake, was never investigated. We evaluated, through a specific and previously validated questionnaire, the changes in quality of life observed in 351 women recently menopaused, after 6 months of hormonal replacement therapy associating 24 days of estrogens and 12 days of administration of a non androgenic progestogen: nomegestrol acetate. Patients were randomized within two therapeutic groups in which evaluation of quality of life was performed either during the administration of estrogen alone or during administration of estrogen and progestogen. In the two groups, hormonal replacement therapy was followed by a significant improvement (P < 0,001) in quality of life and no significant difference was observed between the changes observed during estrogen or estrogen-progestogen administration. Quality of life indices measured after 6 months of hormonal replacement therapy are within the same range than values previously described in eugonadal women. We conclude that improvement of quality of life induced by estrogen replacement therapy remains unchanged during cyclical administration of nomegestrol acetate. [less ▲]

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See detailFractal grain boundaries in growth competition
Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg; Cloots, Rudi ULg

in Journal of Crystal Growth (1996), 169(1), 79-82

Evidence of fractal grain boundaries is found in polycrystals when radial patterns are found to result from a geometrical competition between different grains that have nucleated on the same center. A ... [more ▼]

Evidence of fractal grain boundaries is found in polycrystals when radial patterns are found to result from a geometrical competition between different grains that have nucleated on the same center. A simple statistical model presented herein predicts the universal fractal dimension 2.33 of such natural patterns grown through internal competition. The application to material patterns having constrained front propagation involving many components is obvious. [less ▲]

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See detailL'image du mois. Epulis et diapneusie
Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(11), 677

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See detailCardiac Performance in Conscious Healthy Dogs During Dobutamine Infusion
Mc Entee, Kathleen ULg; Clercx, Cécile ULg; Pypendop, B. et al

in Research in Veterinary Science (1996), 61(3), 234-9

The aim of this study was to determine the cardiac performance of conscious healthy dogs during stimulation with dobutamine. Eight healthy unsedated beagle dogs were used. Cardiac output was measured by ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to determine the cardiac performance of conscious healthy dogs during stimulation with dobutamine. Eight healthy unsedated beagle dogs were used. Cardiac output was measured by the thermodilution technique and blood pressures by extravascular pressure transducers. Dobutamine challenge at a dosage ranging from 27.5 to 50 micrograms kg-1 min-1 induced a significant rise in cardiac power index (CPI), cardiac index (CI), stroke index (SI) and heart rate (HR) and a significant decrease in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR). The highest CPI was 2.05 times greater than its basal resting value. The CI was primarily responsible for this increase in CPI. The SI and HR contributed approximately 55 per cent and 45 per cent respectively of the maximal increase in CI. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Role of Glycoproteins gC, gE, gI and gG in the Induction of Cell-Mediated Immune Responses to Bovine Herpesvirus 1
Denis, M.; Hanon, E.; Rijsewijk, F. A. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (1996), 53(1-2), 121-32

Mutant viruses with deletions in genes encoding non-essential glycoproteins are considered as promising bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV1) vaccine candidates. The present study compared the influence of various ... [more ▼]

Mutant viruses with deletions in genes encoding non-essential glycoproteins are considered as promising bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV1) vaccine candidates. The present study compared the influence of various gene deletions (gC, gE, gI, gG) on the induction of cell-mediated immune responses against the virus. The highest BHV1 specific lymphoproliferative response was observed in the group of calves inoculated with the gC- mutant. However, in all groups of inoculated calves, limiting dilution analysis showed marked individual variability in the number of BHV1 specific T lymphocytes that were stimulated. The same animals were then challenged with wild-type BHV1. In these animals, limiting dilution analysis did not reveal gE, gI nor gG as a major T lymphocyte antigen. However, further analysis suggested the T cell antigenicity of gE in a low number of BHV1 hyperimmunized calves. Stimulation of MHC unrestricted cytotoxicity was also evaluated after inoculation with the various deletion mutants. Cytotoxicity in gC- inoculated calves was as high as in BHV1 inoculated calves. In conclusion, among the BHV1 deletion mutants that were tested, the gC- mutant stimulated the best cell-mediated immune responses. [less ▲]

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See detailTraitement du cancer broncho-pulmonaire par carboplatine/etoposide : étude de survie
Skaventzos, I.; Weber, T.; Bury, Thierry ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(11), 718-20

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See detailJorge Luis Borges
Strivay, Lucienne ULg

in Voir (1996), 12-13(novembre), 43-50

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See detailSamuel Beckett
Strivay, Lucienne ULg

in Voir (1996), 12-13(novembre), 30-40

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See detail« Les Aveugles », lecture du sonnet de Charles Baudelaire
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Voir. Périodique du centre d'étude des aspects culturels de la vision (1996), 12/13

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See detailAutomated Determination of Verapamil and Norverapamil in Human Plasma with on-Line Coupling of Dialysis to High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Fluorometric Detection
Ceccato, Attilio ULg; Chiap, Patrice ULg; Hubert, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (1996), 750(1-2), 351-60

A fully automated method for the simultaneous determination of verapamil and its main metabolite norverapamil in human plasma is described. This method is based on on-line sample preparation using ... [more ▼]

A fully automated method for the simultaneous determination of verapamil and its main metabolite norverapamil in human plasma is described. This method is based on on-line sample preparation using dialysis followed by clean-up and enrichment of the dialysate on a precolumn and subsequent HPLC analysis with fluorometric detection. All sample handling operations were performed automatically by a sample processor equipped with a robotic arm (ASTED system). The plasma samples were dialysed on a cellulose acetate membrane (cut-off: 15 kD) and the dialysate was purified and enriched on a short pre-column filled with cyanopropyl silica. Before starting dialysis, this trace enrichment column (TEC) was first conditioned with the HPLC mobile phase and then with pH 3.0 acetate buffer. 370 microliters of plasma sample spiked with the internal standard (gallopamil) were dialysed in the static-pulsed mode. The solution at the donor side was pH 3.0 acetate buffer containing Triton X-100 while the acceptor solution was made of the same acetate buffer. When dialysis was discontinued, the analytes were desorbed from the TEC by the HPLC mobile phase and transferred to the C18 analytical column by means of a switching valve. This mobile phase consisted of a mixture of acetonitrile, pH 3.0 acetate buffer and 2-aminoheptane. The influence of different parameters of the dialysis process on the recovery of verapamil and norverapamil has been studied. The effect of the volume, the aspirating and dispensing flow-rates of the dialysis solution has been investigated. The recoveries of verapamil and norverapamil in plasma were close to 75% and the limits of quantification were 5 ng/ml for both analytes. The method was found to be linear in the concentration range from 5 to 500 ng/ml (r2: 0.9996 for both analytes). The intra-day and inter-day reproducibilities at a concentration of 100 ng/ml were 2.3% and 5.6% for verapamil and 1.7% and 5.1% for norverapamil, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailPrincipe de proportionnalité et droit des sociétés
Partsch, Philippe-Emmanuel ULg

in Journal des Tribunaux (1996)

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See detailTranscription factor TFIIH and DNA endonuclease Rad2 constitute yeast nucleotide excision repair factor 3: implications for nucleotide excision repair and Cockayne syndrome
Habraken, Yvette ULg; Sung, Patrick; Prakash, Louise et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (1996), 93(20), 10718-22

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See detailL'écologie, la photoclimatologie et la géographie vont-elles influencer la dermatologie de demain?
Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(10), 647-8

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See detailVimentin Expression in Cervical Carcinomas: Association with Invasive and Migratory Potential
Gilles, Christine ULg; Polette, M.; Piette, Jacques ULg et al

in Journal of Pathology (The) (1996), 180(2), 175-80

Vimentin is an intermediate filament protein normally expressed in mesenchymal cells, but evidence is accumulating in the literature which suggests that the aberrant expression of vimentin in epithelial ... [more ▼]

Vimentin is an intermediate filament protein normally expressed in mesenchymal cells, but evidence is accumulating in the literature which suggests that the aberrant expression of vimentin in epithelial cancer cells might be related to local invasiveness and metastatic potential. Vimentin expression has previously been associated with invasive properties in an in vitro model consisting of a set of HPV-33-transformed cervical keratinocyte cell lines. In the present study, in order to emphasize those in vitro findings, the expression of vimentin has been investigated in cervical neoplasms of different grades, using immunohistochemistry. A clear association is reported between vimentin expression and metastatic progression, since vimentin was detected in all invasive carcinomas and lymph node metastases, but not in CIN III lesions. These in vivo results are compared with present and previous data obtained in vitro on cervical keratinocyte cell lines, where vimentin expression also correlated with in vitro invasiveness. [less ▲]

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See detailL'accompagnement d'équipes éducatives dans la mise en place de la réforme du premier degré: parcours scolaires et pratiques de différenciation
Guillaume, Marie-Elisabeth; Hindryckx, Marie-Noëlle ULg

in Informations pédagogiques (1996), 29

Synthèse d'une année de recherche-action basée sur l'accompagnement d'équipes éducatives dans la mise en place de la réforme du premier degré du secondaire : chronique d'une collaboration. Le travail ... [more ▼]

Synthèse d'une année de recherche-action basée sur l'accompagnement d'équipes éducatives dans la mise en place de la réforme du premier degré du secondaire : chronique d'une collaboration. Le travail collaboratif s'est effectué avec des équipes de professeurs de français de l'Athénée de Visé. Les axes de travail choisis furent les suivants :définir les compétences minimales qui devront être maîtrisées par les élèves au terme du premier degré de l'enseignement secondaire - concevoir et mettre au point de nouvelles pratiques pédagogiques et de nouveaux outils visant la construction des compétences choisies pour la première année du cycle - Intégrer des démarches d'évaluation diagnostique (quels savoirs, quelles compétences sont acquises), d'évaluation formative (repérage et analyse des difficultés d'apprentissage rencontrées par les élèves) et de pratiques de différenciation - Expérimenter les actions éducatives conçues - Evaluer celles-ci, analyser les paramètres qui ont présider à leur élaboration. [less ▲]

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See detailRegional brain activity during working memory tasks
Salmon, Eric ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Collette, Fabienne ULg et al

in Brain (1996), 119(Pt 5), 1617-1625

The first aim of our PET study was to replicate previous findings concerning the brain areas activated by a verbal working memory task. The second aim was to specify the neural basis of the central ... [more ▼]

The first aim of our PET study was to replicate previous findings concerning the brain areas activated by a verbal working memory task. The second aim was to specify the neural basis of the central executive, using a task of working memory updating. Our data confirm that the lower left supramarginal gyms and premotor area are the key regions subserving short-term verbal memory processes. They also suggest that the updating memory task is related to mid-dorsolateral prefrontal activation most probably responsible for the updating function of the central executive. An unexpected, predominantly right activation occurred in the inferior parietal region during the verbal memory updating task, which we related to a visuospatial strategy used to maintain the information in short-term memory. A third purpose was to explore the brain regions activated by a nonverbal, visual memory task, and our results confirm the importance of the superior occipital gyrus in the visual short-term memory. [less ▲]

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