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See detailLes mécanismes biochimiques développés par les Pseudomonas fluorescents dans la lutte biologique contre les maladies des plantes transmises par le sol
Jacques, Philippe; Delfosse, Philippe; Ongena, MARC ULg et al

in Cahiers Agricultures (1993), 2

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See detailAérosolthérapie chez le cheval : 1. Etude technique
Lekeux, Pierre ULg; Genicot, Bruno; Votion, Dominique ULg et al

in Pratique Vétérinaire Equine (1993), 25(4), 225-232

This review describes the principle of action of the different types of nebulizers in the horse and analyzes the technical and methodological requirements for an optimal use of aerosoltherapy in this ... [more ▼]

This review describes the principle of action of the different types of nebulizers in the horse and analyzes the technical and methodological requirements for an optimal use of aerosoltherapy in this species [less ▲]

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See detailMapping Of B-Neutralizing And T-Helper Cell Epitopes On The Bovine Leukemia-Virus External Glycoprotein Gp51
Callebaut, I.; Voneche, V.; Mager, A. et al

in Journal of Virology (1993), 67(9),

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See detailCreativity in Non-Literary Translation
Pagnoulle, Christine ULg

in Perspectives : Studies in Translatology (1993), (1), 79-90

Three short non literary texts illustrate the need for translators' actively stepping in. Since the author is both a translator and a teacher of translation didactic conclusions are also drawn.

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See detailVers une optimalisation de la formation langagière de futurs cadres: une expérience en semi-autonomie à la K.U.Leuven
Sanctobin, V.; Slootmaekers, A.; Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg et al

in Association Belge de Linguistique Appliquée Papers (1993), 15

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See detailPharmacological treatment of the obese diabetic patient.
Scheen, André ULg; Lefebvre, Pierre ULg

in Diabète & Métabolisme (1993), 19(6), 547-59

Obesity is a well-known risk factor for non-insulin-dependent (or Type 2) diabetes mellitus. Consequently, reduction of weight excess comes to the front line in the prevention and management of NIDDM. It ... [more ▼]

Obesity is a well-known risk factor for non-insulin-dependent (or Type 2) diabetes mellitus. Consequently, reduction of weight excess comes to the front line in the prevention and management of NIDDM. It is only when diet and physical exercise fail that drug treatment should be considered. Pharmacological treatment of obesity should favour drugs which not only promote weight loss, by reducing caloric intake and/or increasing thermogenesis and energy expenditure, but also, and especially, improve insulin sensitivity. Serotoninergic anorectic compounds (dexfenfluramine, fluoxetine) appear to possess, to some extent, all these properties. Metformin significantly reduces insulin resistance and improves glycaemic control without inducing weight gain, and even favouring some weight loss. This biguanide is now considered as the first line drug for the obese diabetic patient. Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors may help to reduce post-prandial glucose excursions but do not promote weight loss per se. Sulfonylureas can be prescribed to an obese patient when hyperglycaemia persists despite diet and the above-mentioned oral agents, but their use should be associated with reinforcement of dietary advices in order to prevent further weight increase; it is also the case for insulin therapy. Finally, drugs specifically stimulating thermogenesis and energy expenditure, new agents sensitizing tissues to the action of insulin and various compounds interfering with lipid metabolism are currently under extensive investigation with promising preliminary results in the obese diabetic patient. In conclusion, obesity remains a major problem in the management of Type 2 diabetes mellitus and this justifies the search for new, safe and effective, pharmacological approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailInfections par streptocoque B en période néonatale. Epidémiologie et prévention
Battisti, Oreste ULg

in Archives Françaises de Pédiatrie (1993), 50

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See detailPurification, expansion, and multiple fluorochrome labeling of cord blood hemopoietic precursors: preliminary results.
Feron, C.; Gothot, André ULg; Grosdent, Jean-Claude ULg et al

in Journal of Hematotherapy (1993), 2(2), 259-61

CD34-positive cells were isolated from a total of 23 cords using CellPro Ceprate columns. AIS MicroCellector flasks, and panning. The cells were (1) expanded in serum-free culture supplemented with a ... [more ▼]

CD34-positive cells were isolated from a total of 23 cords using CellPro Ceprate columns. AIS MicroCellector flasks, and panning. The cells were (1) expanded in serum-free culture supplemented with a variety of combinations of cytokines and (2) immunophenotyped using multiple fluorochrome labeling. The results indicated that the avidin column produced the highest purity of CD34-positive cells, and that immature blast cells could be expanded in serum-free culture. Preliminary results suggested that the four fluorochrome labeling technique may provide useful information on the lineage commitment of cord blood precursor and blast cells. [less ▲]

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See detailDetection of ribosomal RNA during the cell cycle in Ehrlich tumour cells by electron microscope in situ hybridization.
Thiry, Marc ULg

in European Journal of Morphology (1993), 31(1-2), 13-6

The fine spatial distribution of rRNA within Ehrlich tumour cells has been investigated during the cell cycle by in situ hybridization with a biotinylated probe. In interphase cells, rRNA was essentially ... [more ▼]

The fine spatial distribution of rRNA within Ehrlich tumour cells has been investigated during the cell cycle by in situ hybridization with a biotinylated probe. In interphase cells, rRNA was essentially detected in the ribosome-rich cytoplasmic regions and in the three main nucleolar components. In mitotic cells, besides the presence, as expected, of rRNA in the ribosome-rich spaces, evident label was observed over material situated around and between the chromosomes during anaphase and telophase as well as over the reforming nucleoli during telophase. [less ▲]

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See detailL’enquête nationale sur les effectifs du cheptel au Burkina Faso
Bahili, Jean; Djaby, Bakary ULg

in Stateco (1993), 73

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See detailBovine leukemia virus, an animal model for the study of intrastrain variability.
Willems, Luc ULg; Thienpont, E.; Kerkhofs, P. et al

in Journal of Virology (1993), 67(2),

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See detailLe rôle central du thymus dans l'éducation des cellules T aux principes neuroendocrines
Geenen, Vincent ULg

in Verhandelingen - Koninklijke Vlaamse Academie voor Geneeskunde van Belgie (1993), LV

The thymus is the site of expression of peptides belonging to the neurohypophysial peptide family. The classical model of neurosecretion established by the Scharrers for the hypothalamo-neurohypophysial ... [more ▼]

The thymus is the site of expression of peptides belonging to the neurohypophysial peptide family. The classical model of neurosecretion established by the Scharrers for the hypothalamo-neurohypophysial axis howver cannot be applied to characterize the secretory pathways of neurohypophysial-related peptides in the thymic epithelium. The novel model of cryptocrine signaling has been proposed by John W. Funder to describe the molecular relationships between fixed epithelial cells and migratory differentiating cells. In the thymus, cryptocrine signaling is further closely associated to the presentation of the 'self' molecular structure by major histocompatibility complex-derived proteins to developing T cells. Altogether, the model of the thymic repertoire of neuroendocrine self-antigens transposes to the molecular level the dual physiological role of the thymus in T cell negative and positive selection. Moreover, this model should also contribute to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the establishment of central T-cell self-tolerance to neurodocrine functions. [less ▲]

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See detailA VARIABLE MECHANISM FOR THE NUCLEOPHILIC VINYLIC SUBSTITUTIONS IN A SERIES OF GEM-DIHALOGENATED ALKENES BY A BIDENTATE SULFUR NUCLEOPHILE - AN EXPERIMENTAL AND AM1 THEORETICAL-STUDY
Gimbert, Yves; Moradpour, Alec; Dive, Georges ULg et al

in Journal of Organic Chemistry (1993), 58(17), 4685-4690

The nucleophilic substitutions of a series of gem-dihalogenated alkenes 3,5,7,8, and 9 (RS)2C=CX2 (X = Cl, F) with 1,2-benzenedithiolate b have been studied. Depending on the structures of the R groups ... [more ▼]

The nucleophilic substitutions of a series of gem-dihalogenated alkenes 3,5,7,8, and 9 (RS)2C=CX2 (X = Cl, F) with 1,2-benzenedithiolate b have been studied. Depending on the structures of the R groups (alkyl, saturated and unsaturated cycloalkyls, aromatic ring), the course of the reactions and the structures of the yielded products are modified. In the frame of the addition-elimination-type mechanism for these nucleophilic substitutions, the energy contents of the anionic intermediates, resulting from the additions of the nucleophile b to the unsaturated centers, is calculated at the AM1 method level. For the compounds 5, 7, 8, and 9, the calculated energies nicely corroborate the experimental results. For 3, anionic intermediates are no longer found by calculation, and a synchronous single-step substitution is strongly suggested. [less ▲]

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See detailInsulin secretion, clearance, and action on glucose metabolism in cirrhotic patients.
Letiexhe, Michel ULg; Scheen, André ULg; Gerard, Pascale ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (1993), 77(5), 1263-8

To study the mechanisms of glucose intolerance and hyperinsulinism in liver cirrhosis, we compared the plasma glucose, insulin, and C-peptide levels during a frequently sampled i.v. glucose tolerance test ... [more ▼]

To study the mechanisms of glucose intolerance and hyperinsulinism in liver cirrhosis, we compared the plasma glucose, insulin, and C-peptide levels during a frequently sampled i.v. glucose tolerance test (0.3 g glucose/kg BW) in nine compensated cirrhotic patients and nine healthy volunteers well matched for age, sex, and body weight. The insulin secretion rate was derived by the deconvolution of plasma C-peptide levels, insulin sensitivity was calculated using Bergman's minimal model method, and insulin clearance was estimated by dividing the 0-180 min area under the curve of insulin secretion rate by that of peripheral plasma insulin levels. The cirrhotic patients were characterized during the frequently sampled i.v. glucose tolerance test by a 60% greater insulin secretion rate (P < 0.05), a markedly reduced insulin sensitivity index (SI; 2.82 +/- 0.75 vs. 5.86 +/- 0.68 x 10(-4) min/mU.L; P < 0.01) and a 40% reduced insulin clearance (725 +/- 169 vs. 1165 +/- 99 mL/min.m-2; P < 0.05). The reduction of insulin clearance was significantly correlated with the amplitude of the portosystemic shunt, measured using an isotopic method (r = 0.75; P < 0.02). In conclusion, cirrhosis is characterized by an important peripheral hyperinsulinism, resulting from both a higher insulin secretion rate and a reduced insulin hepatic clearance; the severe insulin resistance explains the glucose metabolism alterations. [less ▲]

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See detailPiaget et la pédagogie : une confrontation difficile, mais prometteuse
Crahay, Marcel ULg

in Apprendizagem/Disenvolvimento (1993), III(13/14),

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See detailEpidural anesthesia and intrathoracic blood volume.
Warner, David O; Brichant, Jean-François ULg; Ritman, Erik L et al

in Anesthesia and Analgesia (1993), 77(1), 135-40

To investigate how epidural anesthesia changes intrathoracic gas volume, high epidural anesthesia was administered to five pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs lying supine, and the total intrathoracic volume ... [more ▼]

To investigate how epidural anesthesia changes intrathoracic gas volume, high epidural anesthesia was administered to five pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs lying supine, and the total intrathoracic volume at end-expiration was measured with a high-speed three-dimensional x-ray scanner. The amount of gas in the lungs at end-expiration [the functional residual capacity (FRC)] was measured with a nitrogen washout technique, and the intrathoracic tissue volume, including the intrathoracic blood volume, was calculated as the difference between intrathoracic volume at end-expiration and FRC. High epidural anesthesia with the local anesthetic etidocaine to a T-1 myotomal level significantly (P < 0.05) increased intrathoracic volume at end-expiration [76 +/- 35 mL (M +/- SD)] by significantly increasing both intrathoracic tissue volume (33 +/- 15 mL) and FRC (43 +/- 26 mL). Increases in intrathoracic tissue volume were probably caused by increases in intrathoracic blood volume. We conclude that increases in FRC caused by epidural anesthesia in anesthetized dogs lying supine may be minimized by a concurrent increase in intrathoracic blood volume. These results suggest that measurements of thoracic gas volume alone may be insufficient to describe chest wall responses to epidural anesthesia. [less ▲]

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See detailRecension bibliographique de "Dill W.A. : Inland fisheries of Europe".
Poncin, Pascal ULg

in Cahiers d'Ethologie (1993), 13(3), 394

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See detailAnalyse morphométrique des poudres : Une approche systématique et robuste par la Morphologie Mathématique
Pirard, Eric ULg

in Revue de Métallurgie - Sciences et Génie des Matériaux (1993), 9

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See detailCompte rendu de F. Kudlien, R.J. Durling, Galen's Method of Healing, Leiden, 1991
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (1993), 62

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See detailCompte rendu de B. Einarson, G.K.K. Link, Theophrastus. De causis plantarum. Books III-IV and V-VI, Cambridge-London, 1990
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (1993), 62

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See detailNEOGENE TO QUATERNARY CLAY MINERAL FLUXES IN THE CENTRAL INDIAN BASIN
DEBRABANT, P.; Fagel, Nathalie ULg; CHAMLEY, H. et al

in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (1993), 103(3-4), 117-131

The late Cenozoic clay sedimentation in the Central Indian Basin was investigated by mineralogical analyses of five very long cores (33-49 m long), which were recovered between 1-degrees and 10-degrees-S ... [more ▼]

The late Cenozoic clay sedimentation in the Central Indian Basin was investigated by mineralogical analyses of five very long cores (33-49 m long), which were recovered between 1-degrees and 10-degrees-S along a transect at about 80-degrees-E and compared with data from adjacent ODP and piston cores. Progressive changes occur from North to South, and are especially marked by a decrease of illite and chlorite amounts balanced by increased contents of smectite and kaolinite. These changes arc attributed to a southwards reduction of Himalaya-derived detrital fluxes, and to a correlative augmentation both of smectite reworked from coastal Indian, Indonesian and volcanic submarine sources, and of kaolinite supplied from Australia and blocked by the equatorial divergence. The stratigraphic changes are more diversified than the geographic changes and develop discontinuously. High fluxes of illitic and chloritic materials during the middle-late Miocene reflect major activity of the Himalayan Main Central Thrust. A tectonic relaxation developed during the latest Miocene-early Pliocene, allowing alternating supply of illite-rich and smectite-rich sediments, which suggests periodical changes from distant to more local supply partly controlled by climate and by Indian intraplate deformations. The more abundant and constant amounts of smectite in late Pliocene-early Pleistocene sediments are chiefly attributed to erosion of Indian coastal zones favored by a worldwide sea-level drop. The middle to late Quaternary increase of the illite group resulted from the resumption of the tectonic activity in the Himalaya-Tibet range associated with a general climatic cooling. [less ▲]

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See detailOnce daily administration of amikacin. Adaptation to neonatology for infants less than 3 days of postnatal age
Battisti, Oreste ULg

in Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses (1993), 23

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See detailDynamics of erythropoietic recovery following bone marrow transplantation: role of marrow proliferative capacity and erythropoietin production in autologous versus allogeneic transplants.
Beguin, Yves ULg; Oris, Renée ULg; Fillet, Georges ULg

in Bone Marrow Transplantation (1993), 11(4), 285-92

The mechanisms of erythrocyte recovery after BMT are not known. We investigated the respective role of marrow function and erythropoietin production in 31 ABMT and 47 allogeneic BMT by analysing ... [more ▼]

The mechanisms of erythrocyte recovery after BMT are not known. We investigated the respective role of marrow function and erythropoietin production in 31 ABMT and 47 allogeneic BMT by analysing peripheral counts, serum erythropoietin levels, and serum transferrin receptor (TfR) levels which have been shown to be a quantitative measurement of erythropoiesis. Median times to complete neutrophil (25 vs 48 days, p < 0.0001) and platelet (45 vs 263 days, p < 0.001) recovery were faster after allogeneic BMT than ABMT, but complete erythrocyte recovery was slower (218 vs 101 days, p < 0.001). After ABMT, erythrocyte recovery paralleled that of neutrophils and platelets, and erythropoietin levels remained appropriate for the degree of anemia. After allogeneic BMT, erythrocytes developed independently of the other cell lines and defective erythropoietin production delayed recovery of adequate erythropoietic activity. This correlated with an alteration of renal function only in those patients remaining erythropoietin deficient beyond day 180. However, supranormal erythropoietin levels in interstitial pneumonia suggests that erythropoietin response to hypoxia is not abrogated. CMV infection could also affect erythropoiesis through erythropoietin production after ABMT as well as allogeneic BMT. It is concluded that after ABMT the development of erythropoiesis is determined by the overall marrow proliferative activity and erythropoietin plays only a facilitating role. After allogeneic BMT, erythropoiesis depends on erythropoietin levels which remain inadequate for prolonged periods of time. The results suggest that the administration of recombinant human erythropoietin could reduce transfusion requirements after BMT. [less ▲]

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See detailPresence Of Growth Hormone-Binding Proteins In Cattle Plasma And Milk
Devolder, A.; Renaville, Robert ULg; Sneyers, M. et al

in Journal of Endocrinology (1993), 138(1),

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See detailSex differences in fear reactions in sheep
Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Bouissou, M. F.

in Applied Animal Behaviour Science (1993), 37

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See detailEndogenous substrate oxidation during exercise and variations in breath 13CO2/12CO2.
Gautier, J. F.; Pirnay, Freddy ULg; Jandrain, Bernard ULg et al

in Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) (1993), 74(1), 133-8

This study attempted to induce a major shift in the utilization of endogenous substrates during exercise in men by the use of a potent inhibitor of adipose tissue lipolysis, Acipimox, and to see to what ... [more ▼]

This study attempted to induce a major shift in the utilization of endogenous substrates during exercise in men by the use of a potent inhibitor of adipose tissue lipolysis, Acipimox, and to see to what extent this affects the 13C/12C ratio in expired air CO2. Six healthy volunteers exercised for 3 h on a treadmill at approximately 45% of their maximum O2 uptake, 75 min after having ingested either a placebo or 250 mg Acipimox. The rise in plasma free fatty acids and glycerol was almost totally prevented by Acipimox, and no significant rise in the utilization of lipids, evaluated by indirect calorimetry, was observed. Total carbohydrate oxidation averaged 128 +/- 17 (placebo) and 182 +/- 21 g/3 h (Acipimox). Conversely, total lipid oxidation was 84 +/- 5 (placebo) and 57 +/- 6 g/3 h (Acipimox; P < 0.01). Under placebo, changes in expired air CO2 delta 13C were minimal, with only a 0.49/1000 significant rise at 30 min. In contrast, under Acipimox, the rise in expired air CO2 delta 13C averaged 1/1000 and was significant throughout the 3-h exercise bout; in these conditions calculation of a "pseudooxidation" of an exogenous sugar naturally or artificially enriched in 13C, but not ingested, would have given an erroneous value of 19.8 +/- 2.6 g/3 h. Thus under conditions of extreme changes in endogenous substrate utilization, an appropriate control experiment is mandatory when studying exogenous substrate oxidation by 13C-labeled substrates and isotope-ratio mass spectrometry measurements on expired air CO2. [less ▲]

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See detailScaled effective chiral lagrangians for the propagation of scalar and vector mesons in dense matter
Jaminon, Martine ULg; Ripka, Georges

in Nuclear Physics A (1993), 564

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See detailEfficient lipofection of human trophoblast cells in primary cultures
Jacquemin, P.; Alsat, E.; Oury, Cécile ULg et al

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (1993), 196(1), 376-81

Human choriosomatomammotropic hormone, also known as placental lactogen, is expressed in syncytiotrophoblast cells of the placenta. Studying transcriptional regulation of the genes coding for this hormone ... [more ▼]

Human choriosomatomammotropic hormone, also known as placental lactogen, is expressed in syncytiotrophoblast cells of the placenta. Studying transcriptional regulation of the genes coding for this hormone, we became interested in transfecting primary cultures of these trophoblast cells. In this study, we show that it is possible to transfect, by the lipofection method, these giant cells in an efficient and reproducible manner. We show the presence of an enhancer region downstream from the hCS-B gene, functionally active in these cells; furthermore, we demonstrate the placenta-specific characteristic of this enhancer, previously identified in a human choriocarcinoma cell line. [less ▲]

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See detailEmptinne : villa gallo-romaine de Champion (signalement archéologique)
Longrée, Dominique ULg; Breyer, Catherine; De Poorter, Alexandra

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (1993), 1989(Juin 92), 105

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See detailEvolutionary relationships among higher fungi inferred from small ribosomal subunit RNA sequence analysis
Wilmotte, Annick ULg; Van De Peer, Yves; Goris, Anne et al

in Systematic & Applied Microbiology (1993), 16

The primary structure of the small ribosomal subunit RNA (SSU rRNA) was determined for 13 species belonging to 10 ascomycete families and for the basidiomycetous anamorphic yeast Rhodotorula glutinis. The ... [more ▼]

The primary structure of the small ribosomal subunit RNA (SSU rRNA) was determined for 13 species belonging to 10 ascomycete families and for the basidiomycetous anamorphic yeast Rhodotorula glutinis. The sequences were fitted into an alignment of all hitherto published complete or nearly complete eukaryotic small subunit rRNA sequences. The evolutionary relationships within the fungi were examined by construction of a tree from 87 SSU rRNA sequences, corresponding to 71 different species, by means of a distance matrix method and bootstrap analysis. It confirms the early divergence of the zygomycetes and the classical division of the higher fungi into basidiomycetes and ascomycetes. The basidiomycetes are divided into true basidiomycetes and ustomycetes. Within the ascomycetes, the major subdivisions hemiascomycetes and euascomycetes can be recognized. However, Schizosaccharomyces pombe does not belong to the cluster of the hemiascomycetes, to which it is assigned in classical taxonomic schemes, but forms a distinct lineage. Among the euascomycetes, the plectomycetes and the pyrenomycetes can be distinguished. Within the hemiascomycetes, the polyphyly of genera like Pichia or Candida and of families like the Dipodascaceae and the Saccharomycetaceae can be observed. [less ▲]

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See detailArt et nature
Duchesne, Jean-Patrick ULg

in Art&fact (1993), 12

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See detailIdentification of eae genes in rabbit attaching and effacing enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC)
Pohl, P.; Peeters, J. E.; Jacquemin, E. R. et al

in Infection and Immunity (1993), 61

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See detailMetabolism of Thiamine Triphosphate in Rat Brain: Correlation with Chloride Permeability
Bettendorff, Lucien ULg; Peeters, Maryline; Wins, Pierre et al

in Journal of Neurochemistry (1993), 60(2), 423-434

Our results show that a net synthesis of thiamine triphosphate (TTP) can be demonstrated in vitro using rat brain extracts. The total homogenate was preincubated with thiamine or its diphosphate ... [more ▼]

Our results show that a net synthesis of thiamine triphosphate (TTP) can be demonstrated in vitro using rat brain extracts. The total homogenate was preincubated with thiamine or its diphosphate derivative (TDP), centrifuged, and washed twice. With TDP (1 mM) as substrate, a 10-fold increase in TTP content was observed in this fraction (nuclear fraction, membrane vesicles). A smaller, but significant, increase was observed in the P2 fraction (mitochondrial/synaptosomal fraction). In view of the low TTP content of our fractions, it was carefully assessed that authentic TTP was being formed. Incorporation of radioactivity from [beta-32P]TDP and [gamma-32P]ATP in TTP suggests that these two compounds are its precursors. Furthermore, TTP synthesis was inhibited by ADP and relatively low concentrations of Zn2+. These results suggest that TTP synthesis is catalyzed by an ATP:TDP transphosphorylase rather than by the cytoplasmic adenylate kinase that may be present in the vesicles. After osmotic lysis of the vesicles at alkaline pH, TTP was recovered in protein-bound form. Concomitantly, a soluble thiamine triphosphatase, with alkaline pH optimum, was also released from the vesicles. No net synthesis could be obtained in the cytosolic fraction or in detergent-solubilized systems. Like TTP synthesis, chloride permeability of the vesicles was increased when the homogenate had been incubated with thiamine and particularly with TDP. Our results suggest a regulatory role of TTP on chloride permeability, but the target remains to be characterized. [less ▲]

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See detailThe 16-kilodalton N-terminal fragment of human prolactin is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis
Clapp, Carmen; Martial, Joseph ULg; Guzman, Raphaël C et al

in Endocrinology (1993), 133(3), 1292-9

The formation of a new blood supply, angiogenesis, is an essential component of carcinogenesis and unrestricted tumor growth. A substance capable of inhibiting angiogenesis would be of considerable ... [more ▼]

The formation of a new blood supply, angiogenesis, is an essential component of carcinogenesis and unrestricted tumor growth. A substance capable of inhibiting angiogenesis would be of considerable therapeutic potential in the treatment of cancer. We previously reported that the 16-kilodalton N-terminal fragment of rat PRL (16K rPRL) was a potent inhibitor of capillary endothelial cell proliferation via a novel receptor. We now report that the nanomolar concentrations of recombinant human 16K PRL inhibit basal and basic fibroblast growth factor- or vascular endothelial growth factor-stimulated growth of bovine brain capillary endothelial cells. 16K human (h) PRL also inhibits stimulation of human umbilical vein endothelial cell proliferation by basic fibroblast growth factor. The organization of endothelial cells into capillary-like structures in type I collagen gels is also prevented by 16K hPRL. Furthermore, in an in vivo assay, the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane assay, 16K hPRL as well as 16K rPRL were potent inhibitors of capillary formation. 16K hPRL, like 16K rPRL, maintains its biological activity as a partial PRL agonist at PRL receptors on mammary gland epithelial cells. These data demonstrate for the first time that the biological activity of 16K rPRL is not unique and that similar fragments of hPRL are active. The antiangiogenic activity of these molecules is conserved across avian and mammalian species. That 16K hPRL is a potent antiangiogenic factor in in vitro and an in vivo assay raises the exciting potential of this peptide being capable of inhibiting tumor growth. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude comparative des formules d'interaction poutre-poteau
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Briquet, C.; Maquoi, René ULg

in Construction Métallique (1993), n°4

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See detailCompte rendu de Bibliothèque Nationale. Catalogue des Homéliaires
George, Philippe ULg

in Moyen Age (Le) (1993)

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See detailExiste-t'il une Europe de l'épargne?
Pestieau, Pierre ULg; Perelman, Sergio ULg

in Reflets et Perspectives de la Vie Economique (1993), (32), 37-59

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See detailFRICTIONAL CONTACT FINITE-ELEMENTS BASED ON MIXED VARIATIONAL-PRINCIPLES
Cescotto, Serge ULg; Charlier, Robert ULg

in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (1993), 36(10), 1681-

This paper presents an original approach to the numerical modelling of unilateral contact by the finite element method. The main point is the development of mixed contact finite elements in which the ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an original approach to the numerical modelling of unilateral contact by the finite element method. The main point is the development of mixed contact finite elements in which the displacement field and the contact stress field (pressure and friction shear) are discretized independently. The theory, based on variational principles, is first presented in the framework of infinitesimal deformations and, subsequently, is extended to large inelastic strains. [less ▲]

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See detailRapport préliminaire sur la 2e campagne de fouille à Tell Amarna (Syrie)
Tunca, Önhan ULg

in Akkadica (1993), 83

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See detailEvidence that insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) is the dominant thymic peptide of the insulin superfamily
Geenen, Vincent ULg; Achour, Imane; Robert, Françoise et al

in Thymus (1993), 21(2), 115-127

Central T-cell tolerance of neurondocrine functions has been proposed to be primarily induced by the thymic repertoire of neuroendocrine self antigens. The present study aimed at characterizing the human ... [more ▼]

Central T-cell tolerance of neurondocrine functions has been proposed to be primarily induced by the thymic repertoire of neuroendocrine self antigens. The present study aimed at characterizing the human thymic insulin-related self antigen able to represent the pancreatic islet ß cell function in face of the developing T cells. Immunofluorescence studies were performed on human and rat thymic sections, as wess as on the rat IT-45R1 thymic epithelial cell line using several antibodies to epitopes of the insulin peptide family. These studies identify beyond any doubt that IGF2 is the dominant thymic peptide of the insulin family. The sequence of an insulin-derived autoantigen is proposed. This autoantigen is a nonamer and has a hydrophobic residue leucine at position 9. In human species, this autoantigen would primarily be tolerogenic for the pancreatic ß-cell endocrine function during fetal development. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of polygalacturonase from Kluyveromyces marxianus.
Campos, D.; Rikir, R.; Taillieu, X. et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (1993), 101(B1-B25),

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See detailLa place de la musique en hôpital de jour
Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULg; Bertrand, Jean ULg

in Psychologie Médicale (1993)

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See detailStructure, function and assembly of the nucleolus.
Scheer, U.; Thiry, Marc ULg; Goessens, Guy ULg

in Trends in Cell Biology (1993), 3(7), 236-41

Most events of ribosome biogenesis--such as transcription of the ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes, processing of their primary transcripts into mature rRNAs and assembly with ribosomal and nonribosomal proteins ... [more ▼]

Most events of ribosome biogenesis--such as transcription of the ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes, processing of their primary transcripts into mature rRNAs and assembly with ribosomal and nonribosomal proteins to form the preribosomes--are confined to a special nuclear compartment, the nucleolus. Immunogold labelling and in situ hybridization at the ultrastructural level are providing novel insights into structure-function relationships of the nucleolus, and in vitro systems are beginning to shed light on the molecular mechanisms involved in the reforming of nucleoli after mitosis. [less ▲]

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See detailTi-ii transition probabilities and radiative lifetimes in TI and the solar titanium abundance
Bizzarri, A.; Huber, M. C. E.; Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1993), 273

Transition probabilities of 100 Ti-II emission lines, originating from 7 different atomic levels, have been determined by combining branching fractions with radiative lifetimes. The branching fractions ... [more ▼]

Transition probabilities of 100 Ti-II emission lines, originating from 7 different atomic levels, have been determined by combining branching fractions with radiative lifetimes. The branching fractions were measured using Fourier transform spectroscopy on a hollow cathode. The radiative lifetimes of these 7 - and 35 additional - levels were measured using time resolved laser-induced fluorescence on a slow Ti ion beam. The transition probabilities of 21 very weak lines have been used to derive a solar titanium abundance of α[SUB]Ti[/SUB] = log(N[SUB]Ti[/SUB]/N[SUB]H[/SUB]) + 12=5.04±0.04 dex, which is insensitive to the solar model. This value is in disagreement with the meteoritic titanium abundance (4.93±0.02). [less ▲]

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See detailLes noms belgoromans de la rougeole. Une étude de géographie linguistique
Boutier, Marie-Guy ULg

in Dialectes de Wallonie (1993), 21/22

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See detailTHE CERTIFIED TOTAL GLUCOSINOLATE CONTENT IN 3 RAPESEEDS (CRM-190, CRM-366 AND CRM-367)
Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg; WAGSTAFFE, P. J.; BOENKE, A. et al

in Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry (1993), 347(10-11), 396-399

The preparation of certified rapeseed reference materials and the steps taken to establish the certified values for total glucosinolate contents are described. Details are given of the studies to ... [more ▼]

The preparation of certified rapeseed reference materials and the steps taken to establish the certified values for total glucosinolate contents are described. Details are given of the studies to demonstrate the homogeneity and stability of the material. The results of the certification exercise for total glucosinolate content, which involved European laboratories who applied a variety of methods (high-pressure liquid chromatography, gas liquid chromatography, determination of enzymatically released glucose and sulphate), are presented and discussed. The certified values for the glucosinolate content (mumol/g of non-defatted whole seeds) and the 95% confidence level are the following: CRM 366 (12.1 +/- 0.8 mumol/g), CRM 190 (25.5 +/- 0.9 mumol/g) and CRM 367 (102.4 +/- 3 mumol/g) (CRM = certified reference material). Indicative values (not certified) for individual glucosinolates are also given. Certified sulphur values (mg/g of non defatted whole seeds) have been determined by other laboratories: CRM 366 (3.41 +/- 0.12 mg/g), CRM 190 (4.93 +/- 0.15 mg/g) and CRM 367 (10.5 +/- 0.40 mg/g). [less ▲]

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See detail"Hydrodynamic Stress of Cellulases in a Bioreactor"
Meurisse, E.; Evrard, J. F.; Denoo, O. et al

in Mededelingen - Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent (1993), 58(4b), 1981-1983

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See detailCHARACTERIZATION OF 3 LABDANE DITERPENES FROM AFRAMOMUM-ALBOVIOLACEUM
Marlier, Michel; LEGUELLEC, G.; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

in Planta Medica (1993), 59(5), 455-457

Two labdane diterpenes were isolated from the seeds and the rhizomes of Aframomum alboviolaceum (Ridley) K. Schum (Zingiberaceae) and identified by GC-MS, H-1-, and C-13-NMR as (E)-labda-8(17),12-diene-15 ... [more ▼]

Two labdane diterpenes were isolated from the seeds and the rhizomes of Aframomum alboviolaceum (Ridley) K. Schum (Zingiberaceae) and identified by GC-MS, H-1-, and C-13-NMR as (E)-labda-8(17),12-diene-15,16-dial (1) and (E)-8beta,17-epoxylabd-12-ene-15,16-dial (2). A third minor compound could be the methyl (E)-14xi,15-epoxylabd-8(17), 12-dien-16-oate. The simultaneous occurrence of these three molecules has been mentioned only in one other species of the same genus, Aframomum daniellii (1). [less ▲]

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See detailNucleotide sequence of the bovine viral diarrhoea virus Osloss strain: comparison with related viruses and identification of specific DNA probes in the 5' untranslated region
De Moerlooze, L.; Lecomte, C.; Brown-Shimmer, S. et al

in Journal of General Virology (The) (1993), 74

The nucleotide sequence of the cytopathic Osloss isolate of bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) was deduced from overlapping cDNA clones and from PCR products. The Osloss genome is an RNA molecule of ... [more ▼]

The nucleotide sequence of the cytopathic Osloss isolate of bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) was deduced from overlapping cDNA clones and from PCR products. The Osloss genome is an RNA molecule of positive polarity containing 12480 nucleotides and having the capacity to code for a polyprotein of 3975 amino acids. The presence of the previously described internal stop codon in this viral sequence was disproved after direct sequencing of the appropriate PCR-amplified fragment. Except for the previously reported insertion of a sequence coding for a ubiquitin-like protein, the viral genome shares great similarity with those of three other strains of the pestivirus genus. Computer-assisted sequence analyses and comparisons of known pestiviral genomic sequences led us to identify selected PCR primers in the 5' untranslated region. These primers were used successfully to amplify 18 distinct pestivirus isolates and potential DNA probes were noted from the deduced sequences. The possible use of a well conserved 26 base fragment as a diagnostic probe was confirmed in hybridization experiments. The 5' untranslated region was further studied and compared with those of other members of the Flaviviridae family, which includes the flaviviruses and the hepatitis C virus group. These sequence analyses support the possibility of discrimination amongst the closely related ruminant pestiviruses, border disease virus and BVDV. [less ▲]

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See detailSequencing of a 52 kb yeast DNA located on chromosome XI of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and preliminary study of a new essential ORF.
Bolle, Paul André; Vandenbol, Micheline ULg; Portetelle, Daniel ULg et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (1993)

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See detailThe evolution of atmospheric extinction at La Silla derived from measurements in the Stromgren photometric system
Sterken, C.; Manfroid, Jean ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1992), 266

We describe atmospheric extinction data obtained at the La Silla Observatory in the Stromgren photometric system. Our measurements, covering a time interval of almost fifteen years, show three episodes of ... [more ▼]

We describe atmospheric extinction data obtained at the La Silla Observatory in the Stromgren photometric system. Our measurements, covering a time interval of almost fifteen years, show three episodes of increased extinction due to airborne aerosols of volcanic origin. A small-amplitude seasonal variation and a short-timescale pseudo-periodic oscillation are also revealed. Implications on the observing procedures and photometric reduction schemes are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-term stability of classical photometry
Hensberge, H.; Manfroid, Jean ULg; Sterken, C.

in The Messenger (1992), 70

Not Available

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See detailStandard stars for the Infrared Space Observatory, ISO.
van der Bliek, N. S.; Bouchet, P.; Habing, H. J. et al

in The Messenger (1992), 70

Not Available

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See detailLe portage asymptomatique des Pestivirus chez les ruminants
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg; Boulanger, D.; Mignon, Bernard ULg et al

in Revue Scientifique et Technique (International Office of Epizootics) (1992), 11(4), 1087-1096

Pestiviruses are enveloped single-chain ribonucleic acid viruses with a positive polarity. Pestiviruses include the viruses of classical swine fever (hog cholera), Border disease of sheep, mucosal disease ... [more ▼]

Pestiviruses are enveloped single-chain ribonucleic acid viruses with a positive polarity. Pestiviruses include the viruses of classical swine fever (hog cholera), Border disease of sheep, mucosal disease of cattle, and isolates obtained from wild animals, such as red deer (Cervus elaphus). Among ruminants, pestiviruses have developed a remarkable strategy for assuring their persistence. Through epigenetic transmission, they lead to the birth of asymptomatic carrier animals harbouring non-cytopathic variants, which become immunotolerant to the strain of virus present. The presence of a small number of asymptomatic carriers enables the virus to circulate within a herd by horizontal transmission, leading to the birth of a new generation of asymptomatic carriers. [less ▲]

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See detailField Efficacy of Injectable and Pour-on Moxidectin in Cattle Naturally Infested with Psoroptes Ovis (Acarina: Psoroptidae)
Lonneux, J. F.; Losson, Bertrand ULg

in Veterinary Parasitology (1992), 45(1-2), 147-52

Field efficacy of moxidectin, a macrocyclic lactone endectocide, was evaluated in cattle naturally infested with Psoroptes ovis. Three groups of six animals were used based on parasitological and clinical ... [more ▼]

Field efficacy of moxidectin, a macrocyclic lactone endectocide, was evaluated in cattle naturally infested with Psoroptes ovis. Three groups of six animals were used based on parasitological and clinical status. Group 1 animals received one subcutaneous injection of injectable moxidectin at 0.2 mg kg-1 body weight; Group 2 animals received topically one dose of 0.5 mg kg-1 body weight of pour-on moxidectin; Group 3 individuals remained untreated as controls. Efficacy was assessed by (a) taking skin samples from each animal on Days -4, 14, 28, 42 and 56 post-treatment (PT) and observing numbers of viable mite stages and species and (b) clinical examination of animals on Days 14, 28, 42 and 56 with the percentage of affected body surface calculated for each animal on Days -4, 28 and 56. Both formulations gave 100% efficacy as no live mites were found in Groups 1 or 2, 14, 28 and 56 days after treatment. Clinical indices showed a sharp decrease in the affected body surface area from a mean of 5.48% and 6.1% on Day -4 in Groups 1 and 2, respectively, to 0% in both groups on Days 28 and 56 PT. All untreated animals remained positive until Day 28. The clinical condition of the controls worsened rapidly during the experiment (mean clinical index: 2.87% and 13.05% on Days -4 and 28, respectively) and they were given an emergency treatment on Day 28. No side-effects were observed with either formulation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailLe Monde des Conférences
Sacré, Robert ULg

in Soul Bag (1992), (125),

(1)Compte rendu (C.R.) de la Conférence Internationale de l' U.Lg en octobre 1992 2) annonce conférence "African American in Europe" , Institut Monde Anglophone, Paris en février 1993

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See detailModel-Based System for Automatic Target Recog- nition from Forward-Looking Laser-Radar Imagery
Verly, Jacques ULg; Delanoy, Richard L.; Dudgeon, Dan E.

in Optical Engineering : The Journal of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (1992), 31(12), 2540-2552

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See detailOxytocin blocks the environmentally conditioned compensatory response present after tolerance to ethanol-induced hypothermia in mice
Tirelli, Ezio ULg; Jodogne, C.; Legros, Jean-Jacques ULg

in Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior (1992), 43(4), 1263-1267

The present study tested the hypothesis that the attenuation by oxytocin of tolerance to ethanol-induced hypothermia relies upon an impairment of the putative conditioning processes underlying environment ... [more ▼]

The present study tested the hypothesis that the attenuation by oxytocin of tolerance to ethanol-induced hypothermia relies upon an impairment of the putative conditioning processes underlying environment-specific tolerance. According to the conditioning model of tolerance, such tolerance occurs because an opposite compensatory response conditioned to ethanol-paired cues attenuates ethanol's effects. Tolerance to ethanol-induced hypothermia was established to a particular environment over 4 days by injecting mice (daily) with oxytocin 2 h before ethanol, outside the colony room. As controls, other mice were injected similarly but following testing in the animal room. We found that oxytocin suppressed the conditioned compensatory response, revealed by injecting saline to every group in the tolerance-associated environment. These results suggest that oxytocin acted, at least partly, via an inhibition of the associative learning processes that facilitate tolerance development. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantification of skin color in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis
Deleixhe-Mauhin, F.; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Rorive, Georges ULg et al

in Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (1992), 27(6), 950-953

Background: In patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis, a peculiar hyperpigmentation develops, the intensity of which may or may not be related to the duration of treatment and use of erythropoietin ... [more ▼]

Background: In patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis, a peculiar hyperpigmentation develops, the intensity of which may or may not be related to the duration of treatment and use of erythropoietin. Objective: Our purpose was to conduct a comparative cross-sectional study of white patients with distinct diseases that modify their skin color. Methods: A reflected-light colorimeter was used to compare the color of the forehead and forearms of 61 white patients receiving hemodialysis with that of matched controls and of patients with anemia or icterus. Results: Significant differences were found in both reflectance and chromaticity between these groups of patients. Duration of hemodialysis and use of erythropoietin did not significantly influence the colorimetric measurements. Conclusion: The use of a color-reflectance meter allows precise evaluation of subtle changes in skin color and may be used to monitor several diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailUtilisation d'un S.I.G. pour la gestion des ressources forestières : exemple d'application à un inventaire forestier régional
Lejeune, Philippe ULg; Lecomte, Hugues; Prevot, Hugues ULg

in Bulletin des Recherches Agronomiques de Gembloux (1992), 28(2-3), 275-286

Le développement des Systèmes d'Information Géographiques (S.I.G.) ouvre de nouvelles perspectives dans le domaine de l'estimation des ressources forestières par voie d'inventaires, dont l'objectif ... [more ▼]

Le développement des Systèmes d'Information Géographiques (S.I.G.) ouvre de nouvelles perspectives dans le domaine de l'estimation des ressources forestières par voie d'inventaires, dont l'objectif principal est de déterminer les surfaces et les volumes sur pied par types de peuplement au sein d'une région donnée. La technique d'estimation des surfaces par comptage de points, classiquement utilisée dans le cas d'échantillonages systématiques, peut être avantageusement remplacée par la création, au sein d'un S.I.G., d'une carte numérique des peuplements forestiers, pouvant être reliée avec les données de l'inventaire au sol. Une méthodologie est proposée pour produire une telle carte au départ de photos aériennes infrarouges couleurs au 1/25 000. Le traitement de l'information géographique est réalisé à l'aide du logiciel ILWIS. La méthode a été testée sur une zone pilote de 20 000 ha de forêt. Le taux d'erreurs d'interprétation du type de peuplement est de l'ordre de 15 %. Il est inférieur à 6 % si l'on ne considère que les confusions portant sur les essences présentes. La combinaison de cette carte avec la couche contenant les placettes de l'inventaire a permis d'estimer l'ensemble des volumes sur pied par types de peuplement. [less ▲]

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See detailSecretion by Overexpression and Purification of the Water-Soluble Streptomyces K15 Dd-Transpeptidase/Penicillin-Binding Protein
Palomeque-Messia, Pilar; Quittre, Valérie; Leyh-Bouille, Mélina et al

in Biochemical Journal (1992), 288(1), 87-91

Though synthesized with a cleavable signal peptide and devoid of membrane anchors, the 262-amino-acid-residue Streptomyces K15 DD-transpeptidase/penicillin-binding protein is membrane-bound ... [more ▼]

Though synthesized with a cleavable signal peptide and devoid of membrane anchors, the 262-amino-acid-residue Streptomyces K15 DD-transpeptidase/penicillin-binding protein is membrane-bound. Overexpression in Streptomyces lividans resulted in the export of an appreciable amount of the synthesized protein (4 mg/litre of culture supernatant). The water-soluble enzyme was purified close to protein homogeneity with a yield of 75%. It requires the presence of 0.5 M-NaCl to remain soluble. It is indistinguishable from the detergent-extract wild-type enzyme with respect to molecular mass, thermostability, transpeptidase activity and penicillin-binding capacity. [less ▲]

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See detailTwo Different Beta-Lactamase Genes Are Present in Streptomyces Cacaoi
Magdalena, Juana; Forsman, Mats; Lenzini, Mauro V et al

in FEMS Microbiology Letters (1992), 78(1), 101-5

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See detailMacromolecular engineering of polylactones and polylactides. 8. Ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone initiated by primary amines and trialkylaluminum
Dubois, Philippe; Degée, Philippe; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Macromolecules (1992), 25

Whenever added with triethylaluminum, primary amines have been found to be effective initiators for epsilon-caprolactone polymerization in both toluene and THF at 40°C. The IR and NMR analysis of the ... [more ▼]

Whenever added with triethylaluminum, primary amines have been found to be effective initiators for epsilon-caprolactone polymerization in both toluene and THF at 40°C. The IR and NMR analysis of the polyester has supported a polymerization mechanism proceeding through a "coordination-insertion" pathway and the selective rupture of the acyl-oxygen bond of the monomer. The alkylaluminum activates the carbonyl group of the monomer and accordingly favors the nucleophilic addition of the amine, which is the actual initiation step. Propagation is typically a living process, and the molecular weight distribution is controlled by both AlEt3/amine molar ratio and solvent As an extension of that mechanism, diethylaluminum omega-amino alkoxide has been prepared on purpose and successfully used as an initiator for the synthesis of α,ω-dihydroxypoly(ε-caprolactone). [less ▲]

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See detailQualitative analysis of ten-dimensional lovelock cosmological models
Demaret, Jacques; De Rop, Yves ULg; Tombal, P. et al

in General Relativity & Gravitation (1992), 24

The Einstein-like field equations obtained from the variation of a Lagrangian containing linear, quadratic (Gauss-Bonnet) and quartic terms for a ten-dimensional cosmological model cannot be solved ... [more ▼]

The Einstein-like field equations obtained from the variation of a Lagrangian containing linear, quadratic (Gauss-Bonnet) and quartic terms for a ten-dimensional cosmological model cannot be solved analytically. However, we can reduce them to a system of dynamical equations for the “Hubble parameters”. The study of the mathematical properties of the fixed points of this system gives a qualitative picture of the behaviour of a class of possible solutions. The inclusion of a quartic term generates an extremely rich structure for the corresponding dynamical system. Some solutions are shown to exhibit the interesting property of dimensional reduction, which has been proposed as a possible explanation of the three-dimensional character of our universe. [less ▲]

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See detailNeuroendocrine Mechanism of Onset of Puberty. Sequential Reduction in Activity of Inhibitory and Facilitatory N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptors
Bourguignon, Jean-Pierre ULg; Gerard, Arlette ULg; Alvarez Gonzalez, Maria-Luz ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Investigation (1992), 90(5), 1736-44

In humans and in several animal species, puberty results from changes in pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion in the hypothalamus. In particular, the frequency of pulsatile GnRH ... [more ▼]

In humans and in several animal species, puberty results from changes in pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion in the hypothalamus. In particular, the frequency of pulsatile GnRH secretion increases at the onset of puberty, as can be shown by using hypothalamic explants of male rats of 15 and 25 d. Previous observations from us and others suggested that the initiation of puberty could involve a facilitatory effect of excitatory amino acids mediated through N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. We found that GnRH secretion could be activated through NMDA receptors only around the time of onset of puberty (25 d). The aim of this study was to clarify why this activation did not occur earlier (at 15 d) and could no longer be observed by the end of puberty (at 50 d). We studied GnRH secretion in the presence of MK-801, a noncompetitive antagonist of NMDA receptors or AP-5, a competitive antagonist. We showed that, in the hypothalamus of immature male rats (15 d), a highly potent inhibitory control of pulsatile GnRH secretion in vitro was mediated through NMDA receptors. These data were confirmed in vivo because administration of the antagonist MK-801 (0.001 mg/kg) to immature male rats resulted in early pubertal development. Onset of puberty (25 d) was characterized by the disappearance of that NMDA receptor-mediated inhibition, thus unmasking a facilitatory effect also mediated through NMDA receptors. During puberty, there was a reduction in activity of this facilitatory control which was no longer opposed by its inhibitory counterpart. We conclude that a sequential reduction in activity of inhibitory and facilitatory NMDA receptors provides a developmental basis for the neuroendocrine mechanism of onset of puberty. [less ▲]

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See detailMinimal Levels of Serum Estradiol Prevent Postmenopausal Bone Loss
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Sarlet, Nathalie ULg; Deroisy, Rita ULg et al

in Calcified Tissue International (1992), 51

Biochemical parameters reflecting bone resorption [urinary calcium/creatinine (Ca/Cr) and hydroxyproline/creatinine (OH/Cr)] were related to serum estrogens [estrone (E1) and estradiol (E2)] in 262 ... [more ▼]

Biochemical parameters reflecting bone resorption [urinary calcium/creatinine (Ca/Cr) and hydroxyproline/creatinine (OH/Cr)] were related to serum estrogens [estrone (E1) and estradiol (E2)] in 262 healthy women including 158 patients receiving estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) for at least 6 months, 49 eugonadal women, and 55 untreated postmenopausal women. A significant (P < 0.001) correlation exists between serum E2 and Ca/Cr: Ca/Cr (mg/dl) = -0.00044 E2 (pg/ml) + 0.129 (n = 262; r = -0.37), serum E2 and OH/Cr: (OH/Cr (mg/g) = -0.049 E2 (pg/ml) + 18.76 (n = 262; r = -0.36), serum E1 and Ca/Cr: Ca/Cr (mg/dl) = -0.0003 E1 (pg/ml) + 0.127 (n = 261; r = -0.28) but not between serum E1 and OH/Cr. Women with circulating levels of E2 between 60 and 90 pg/ml have a significant (P < 0.01) reduction of Ca/Cr and OH/Cr when compared with those with lower levels of E2. Higher values of E2 do not provide additional benefit. We conclude that in postmenopausal women receiving an estrogen replacement therapy (ERT), a significant reduction of bone resorption is achieved when circulating levels of estradiol reach a value (60 pg/ml) corresponding to the one measured, in eugonadal women, during the last days of the early follicular phase of the menstrual cycle. We suggest that oral or percutaneous ERT should induce a minimal value of 60 pg/ml to prevent postmenopausal bone loss. [less ▲]

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See detailMolecular Biology of Bovine Herpesvirus Type 4
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Bublot, M.; Dubuisson, J. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (1992), 33(1-4), 79-92

Bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) is a ubiquitous virus of cattle. Its genome is a 144 +/- 6 kb double-stranded DNA consisting of a unique central part (L-DNA) flanked at both ends by tandem repeats ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) is a ubiquitous virus of cattle. Its genome is a 144 +/- 6 kb double-stranded DNA consisting of a unique central part (L-DNA) flanked at both ends by tandem repeats called polyrepetitive DNA (prDNA or H-DNA). The overall arrangement of genes has been obtained by the analysis of homologies between short BHV-4 DNA sequences and corresponding genes of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and herpesvirus saimiri (HVS). The gene expression is temporally regulated. Glycoprotein precursor p (gp10/gp17) is expressed as gamma 1 polypeptide. Glycoproteins gp1, gp8, gp11 and their precursors are gamma 2 proteins. The analysis of strain variations allows the definition of two types of strains, based on the DNA patterns: the Movar 33/63-like and the DN 599-like strains. Only the M40 strain, isolated in India, fails to fit this classification. The genomic variations have been compiled to build a dendrogram showing three levels of divergence between BHV-4 strains or isolates. The available molecular data indicate that the BHV-4 genome shares much similarity with the DNA of EBV and HVS, two representative members of the gammaherpesvirinae. BHV-4 may therefore be classified in the subfamily gammaherpesvirinae. [less ▲]

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See detailIn Vitro and in Vivo Modulation of 5-Hydroxytryptamine-, Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone- and Calcitonin-Gene Related Peptide-Like Immunoreactivities in Adult Rat Sensory Neurons
Delree, P.; Martin, Didier ULg; Sadzot-Delvaux, Catherine ULg et al

in Neuroscience (1992), 51(2), 401-10

In a previous work we have shown that culturing adult rat dorsal root ganglia neurons modifies their neurotransmitter phenotype in such a way that cultured neurons synthesize transmitters that are not ... [more ▼]

In a previous work we have shown that culturing adult rat dorsal root ganglia neurons modifies their neurotransmitter phenotype in such a way that cultured neurons synthesize transmitters that are not found in situ, while several other transmitters are expressed in a much higher percentage of neurons in culture than in situ [Schoenen J. et al. (1989) J. Neurosci. Res. 22, 473-487]. The aim of the present study was to investigate the origin and the nature of the relevant environmental signals that allow this plasticity to be expressed, focusing on three neurotransmitters: 5-hydroxytryptamine, thyrotropin-releasing hormone and calcitonin-gene related peptide. The main results can be summarized as follows: (1) culturing cells in fetal calf serum or on feeder layers of astrocytes, Schwann cells or fibroblasts partially inhibits the serotoninergic phenotype of dorsal root ganglia neurons; (2) in vivo disconnection of dorsal root ganglia from their spinal targets but not from their peripheral or supraspinal targets induces a significant increase of the percentage of 5-hydroxytryptamine- and thyrotropin-releasing hormone-positive neurons in disconnected ganglia; (3) growth factors such as ciliary neuronotrophic factor or basic fibroblast growth factor but not nerve growth factor repress 5-hydroxytryptamine and calcitonin gene-related peptide immunoreactivity in cultured sensory neurons. In conclusion, neurotransmitter gene expression of adult dorsal root ganglia neurons is controlled by complex influences. Our data suggest that thyrotropin-releasing hormone and 5-hydroxytryptamine gene expression are tonically repressed in vivo by factors originating from the spinal segmental level and that growth factors such as ciliary neurotrophic factor or basic fibroblast growth factor could be potential vectors of this repressing effect. [less ▲]

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See detailA Molecular Biologic Study of Extracellular Matrix Components During the Development of Glomerulosclerosis in Murine Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease
Munaut, Carine ULg; Bergijk, E. C.; Baelde, J. J. et al

in Laboratory Investigation : Journal of Technical Methods & Pathology (1992), 67(5), 580-7

BACKGROUND: We studied the development of glomerulosclerosis in murine chronic graft-versus-host disease, a model for human systemic lupus erythematosus. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The disease was induced in ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: We studied the development of glomerulosclerosis in murine chronic graft-versus-host disease, a model for human systemic lupus erythematosus. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The disease was induced in (C57BL10 x DBA/2)F1 hybrids by injection of DBA/2 lymphocytes leading to deposition of auto-antibodies in the glomeruli, and a lupus type of nephritis morphologically. We have determined the levels of mRNA coding for laminin (B1 and B2), a 67 kilodalton laminin binding protein, and types I and IV collagen, in control and graft-versus host disease mice at various times after disease induction. RESULTS: Laminin and collagen mRNAs were increased in whole kidneys 4 weeks after induction of the disease. At week 10, all animals displayed dramatic stimulation of alpha 1(I), alpha 1(IV), laminin B1, and B2 mRNAs. The 67 kilodalton laminin binding protein mRNA was also doubled from week 4 to 16. In isolated glomeruli, the mRNA level coding for laminin B2 was already significantly increased from week 8. This enhancement of laminin synthesis corresponds to the mesangial expansion and to the development of laminin-containing spike formations of the glomerular basement membrane at week 8. CONCLUSIONS: The expansion of the mesangial matrix in murine chronic graft-versus-host disease is caused at least in part, by an increased production of extracellular matrix components by glomerular cells. These results demonstrate that the increase of specific extracellular matrix components mRNAs precedes light microscopic changes. Quantitative evaluation of the mRNA levels coding for extracellular matrix proteins may reveal a useful method for the early detection of the development of glomerular sclerosis at the stage preceding the onset of anatomo-clinical changes. [less ▲]

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See detailAdaptation du système cardio-respiratoire de la personne âgée soumise à l'entrainement physique
Hoffer, E.; Pierard, Luc ULg; Kulbertus, Henri ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1992), 47(11), 560-72

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See detailLes syndromes hémorragiques pulmonaires diffus: approches clinique et diagnostique
Bury, Thierry ULg; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg; Kotolenko, S. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1992), 47(11), 554-9

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See detailTumor Cell Surface-Associated Binding Site for the M(R) 72,000 Type Iv Collagenase
Emonard, H. P.; Remacle, A. G.; Noël, Agnès ULg et al

in Cancer Research (1992), 52(20), 5845-8

We have studied the capacity of two human breast adenocarcinoma cells, MDA-MB231 and MCF-7, to bind exogenous M(r) 72,000 type IV collagenase by both morphological and radioreceptor binding assays. By ... [more ▼]

We have studied the capacity of two human breast adenocarcinoma cells, MDA-MB231 and MCF-7, to bind exogenous M(r) 72,000 type IV collagenase by both morphological and radioreceptor binding assays. By indirect immunofluorescence, staining with a specific anti-M(r) 72,000 type IV collagenase antibody was strongly induced when cells were preincubated with the purified enzyme. Scatchard plot analysis indicated the existence of a binding site for the M(r) 72,000 type IV collagenase with high affinity for both cell lines (Kd = 2 x 10(-9) M). These results are the first demonstration of the existence of a tumor cell membrane-associated putative receptor for a member of the matrix metalloproteinase family, as previously evidenced for the urokinase-type plasminogen activator. [less ▲]

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See detailElectro-optic coefficient measurements : correction of electric-field inhomogeneities in the transverse configuration
Lemaire, Philippe; Georges, Marc ULg

in Optics Letters (1992), 17(20), 1411-1413

The problem of electric-field inhomogeneities in the measurement of the electro-optic coefficient in the transverse configuration is well known. We present a simple way to solve these difficulties. It ... [more ▼]

The problem of electric-field inhomogeneities in the measurement of the electro-optic coefficient in the transverse configuration is well known. We present a simple way to solve these difficulties. It involves local measurements at several points along the transverse direction of the phase difference between two components of light traveling through the crystal. The electro-optic coefficient is simply calculated by integrating the phase shifts along the transverse profile. For this procedure one needs nothing but the value of the voltage applied to the crystal, and knowledge of the internal electric field is not necessary. Limits of application are discussed, and results are shown for photorefractive sillenite crystals. [less ▲]

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See detailAnionic polymerization of acrylic monomers. 8. Synthesis and characterization of (meth)acrylic end-functionalized polymers: macromonomers and telechelics
Varshney, Sunil K; Bayard, Philippe; Jacobs, Christian et al

in Macromolecules (1992), 25(21), 5578-5584

Tailor-made poly(tert-butyl acrylate) macromonomers, which are useful building blocks for the synthesis of comb or multiblock copolymers, have been successfully synthesized by deactivation of living PtBA ... [more ▼]

Tailor-made poly(tert-butyl acrylate) macromonomers, which are useful building blocks for the synthesis of comb or multiblock copolymers, have been successfully synthesized by deactivation of living PtBA macroanions with suitable electrophiles bearing either styrene or methacrylic unsaturation. Mono- or bifunctional initiators such as sec-butyllithium or naphthalenyllithium can be used. When these initiators were modified by LiCl as a mu-type ligand, the macroanions which are known to be living were functionalized with high efficiency. Characterization of the various macromonomers was performed using H-1 NMR spectroscopy and SEC. [less ▲]

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See detailThe thermospheric odd nitrogen photochemistry - Role of non thermal N(4S) atoms
Shematovich, V. I.; Bisikalo, D. V.; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg

in Annales Geophysicae [= ANGEO] (1992), 10

A nonequilibrium model to calculate the Maxwellian 'hot' N(4S) atom population using a Monte Carlo method is developed, and the NO vertical distribution for minimum solar cycle conditions is calculated ... [more ▼]

A nonequilibrium model to calculate the Maxwellian 'hot' N(4S) atom population using a Monte Carlo method is developed, and the NO vertical distribution for minimum solar cycle conditions is calculated. It is shown that the energetic photoelectrons produced by solar soft X-rays produce translationally 'hot' N(4S) atoms near 110 km which contribute significantly to the formation of the E-region NO peak observed at this altitude. Consideration of this new source of nitric oxide reconciles the need for an effective N(2D) quantum yield from N2 dissociation exceeding 50 percent derived from odd nitrogen models with the limits put on this value by laboratory and theoretical constraints. The altitude of the modeled NO peak is found to critically depend on the adopted N(2D) yield, and good agreement with the observed peak altitude and density is obtained using the quantum yield derived from theoretical considerations. [less ▲]

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See detailPhotometric accuracy - The impact of extrapolation in differing color-transformation schemes
Manfroid, Jean ULg; Sterken, C.; Gosset, Eric ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1992), 264

We discuss photometric errors that arise from the use of differing color-transformation schemes when extrapolating outside the range of the standard values that define the system. An example based on data ... [more ▼]

We discuss photometric errors that arise from the use of differing color-transformation schemes when extrapolating outside the range of the standard values that define the system. An example based on data from the Long-Term Photometry of Variables project (LTPV) at ESO is analyzed. Practically, the extrapolation errors are most evident as systematic brightness jumps of some program stars, seen when monitored over several observing runs. Conclusions are drawn about the choice of standard stars in the Stromgren system. [less ▲]

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See detailStructure, function, and fate of the BlaR signal transducer involved in induction of β-lactamase in Bacillus licheniformis
Zhu, Yingfang; Englebert, Serge; Joris, Bernard ULg et al

in Journal of Bacteriology (1992), 174(19), 6171-6178

The membrane-spanning protein BlaR is essential for the induction of beta-lactamase in Bacillus licheniformis. Its nature and location were confirmed by the use of an antiserum specific for its carboxy ... [more ▼]

The membrane-spanning protein BlaR is essential for the induction of beta-lactamase in Bacillus licheniformis. Its nature and location were confirmed by the use of an antiserum specific for its carboxy-terminal penicillin sensor, its function was studied by genetic dissection, and the structure of the penicillin sensor was derived from hydrophobic cluster analysis of the amino acid sequence by using, as a reference, the class A beta-lactamases with known three-dimensional structures. During the first 2 h after the addition of the beta-lactam inducer, full-size BlaR, bound to the plasma membrane, is produced, and then beta-lactamase is produced. By 2 h after induction, BlaR is present in various (membrane-bound and cytosolic) forms, and there is a gradual decrease in beta-lactamase production. The penicillin sensors of BlaR and the class D beta-lactamases show strong similarities in primary structures. They appear to have the same basic spatial disposition of secondary structures as that of the class A beta-lactamases, except that they lack several alpha helices and, therefore, have a partially uncovered five-stranded beta sheet and a more readily accessible active site. Alterations of BlaR affecting conserved secondary structures of the penicillin sensor and specific sites of the transducer annihilate beta-lactamase inducibility. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Beta Pictoris circumstellar disk. XIII - Survey of the variable CA II lines
Lagrange-Henri, A. M.; Gosset, Eric ULg; Beust, H. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1992), 264

Over 200 Ca II K and H spectra of Beta Pictoris taken between September 19, 1989 and December 19, 1990 are presented. Many new variable features are observed, at low and high redshifts, together with a ... [more ▼]

Over 200 Ca II K and H spectra of Beta Pictoris taken between September 19, 1989 and December 19, 1990 are presented. Many new variable features are observed, at low and high redshifts, together with a few blueshifted ones. The time scales for the variations are shown to be strongly dependent on the redshift of the variable lines. A rate of events of about 200/yr is derived; it is also shown that in some cases the absorbing cloud covers less than 40 percent of the stellar surface. The observed variations are analyzed and compared to those observed in the UV. These observations make it possible to test the present scenario of evaporating infalling bodies, in terms of velocity of variable lines, occurrence of variable events, small time-scale variations, and size of the absorbing cloud. It is shown that the observed velocity range for the variable components may be explained by the present scenario, as well as the size of the absorbing clouds. [less ▲]

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See detailGenetic Relationships between Bovine Herpesvirus 4 and the Gammaherpesviruses Epstein-Barr Virus and Herpesvirus Saimiri
Bublot, M.; Lomonte, P.; Lequarré, Anne-Sophie ULg et al

in Virology (1992), 190(2), 654-65

The overall arrangement of genes in the unique central part of the bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) genome has been deduced by analysis of short DNA sequences. Twenty-three genes conserved in at least ... [more ▼]

The overall arrangement of genes in the unique central part of the bovine herpesvirus type 4 (BHV-4) genome has been deduced by analysis of short DNA sequences. Twenty-three genes conserved in at least one of the completely sequenced herpesviruses have been identified and localized. All of these genes encoded amino acid sequences with higher similarity to proteins of the gammaherpesviruses Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) than to the homologous products of the alphaherpesviruses varicella-zoster virus and herpes simplex virus type 1 or the betaherpesvirus human cytomegalovirus. The genome organization of BHV-4 had also an overall colinearity with that of the gammaherpesviruses EBV and HVS. Furthermore, the BHV-4 genes content and arrangement were more similar to those of HVS than to those of EBV, suggesting that BHV-4 and HVS are evolutionarily more closely related to each other than either are to EBV. BHV-4 DNA sequences were generally deficient in CpG dinucleotide. This CpG deficiency is characteristic of gammaherpesvirus genomes and suggests that the BHV-4 latent genome is extensively methylated. Despite several biological features similar to those of betaherpesviruses, BHV-4 displays the molecular characteristics of the representative members of the gammaherpesvirinae subfamily. [less ▲]

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See detailInduction of a Streptomyces Cacaoi Beta-Lactamase Gene Cloned in S. Lividans
Lenzini, V. M.; Magdalena, J.; Fraipont, Claudine ULg et al

in Molecular & General Genetics [=MGG] (1992), 235(1), 41-8

The previously cloned class A beta-lactamase gene (bla) of Streptomyces cacaoi was shown to be inducible by beta-lactam compounds in the host organism S. lividans. A regulatory region of 2.75 kb was ... [more ▼]

The previously cloned class A beta-lactamase gene (bla) of Streptomyces cacaoi was shown to be inducible by beta-lactam compounds in the host organism S. lividans. A regulatory region of 2.75 kb was identified and the nucleotide sequence determined. It contained four open reading frames (ORFs) of which only two were complete and required for induction. ORF1-ORF2 exerted a positive regulatory effect on the expression of bla. Inactivation of ORF1 or of ORF2 resulted not only in the loss of induction, but also in a 30- to 60-fold decrease in the basal (non-induced) level of beta-lactamase production. ORF1 codes for a DNA-binding protein related to the AmpR repressor/activator, which controls the expression of ampC (class C beta-lactamase) genes in several Enterobacteria. [less ▲]

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See detailLa péricardite tuberculeuse: intérêt du dosage de l'activité de l'adénosine déaminase
Letiexhe, Michel ULg; Pierard, Luc ULg; Kulbertus, Henri ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1992), 47(10), 502-9

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See detailBrève présentation de la nouvelle politique agricole commune
Debouche, Charles ULg

in Annales de Gembloux (1992), (98), 173-180

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See detailEpidemiological Evaluation of a Monoclonal Elisa Detecting Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Pestivirus Antigens in Field Blood Samples of Persistently Infected Cattle
Mignon, Bernard ULg; Waxweiler, Sophie; Thiry, Etienne ULg et al

in Journal of Virological Methods (1992), 40(1), 85-93

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), using monoclonal antibodies for capture and detection, was developed for detecting bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) antigens in blood samples. The test was ... [more ▼]

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), using monoclonal antibodies for capture and detection, was developed for detecting bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) antigens in blood samples. The test was evaluated using 761 field samples of known status (viraemic or not). When an appropriate cut-off value was chosen, the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of the assay were 100%, higher than the values obtained by classical virus isolation. Correlation with the latter technique exceeded 90%. The ELISA is a good candidate for replacing virus isolation as a reference method for BVDV antigen detection in persistently infected carriers. A method based on the mean of the standard deviation ratio can be used to choose the cut-off value in order to optimise reproducibility. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of blood transfusion on brain blood flow autoregulation among stable preterm infants.
RAMAEKERS, Vincent ULg; Casaer, P.; Daniels, H. et al

in Early human development (1992), 30(3), 211-20

Prior to and 24 h following blood transfusion serial determinations of both cerebral artery flow velocity waveforms and mean arterial blood pressure have been used to reconstruct the autoregulatory curve ... [more ▼]

Prior to and 24 h following blood transfusion serial determinations of both cerebral artery flow velocity waveforms and mean arterial blood pressure have been used to reconstruct the autoregulatory curve and its upper blood pressure limit among five stable preterm infants. Prior to transfusion the autoregulatory range of cerebral blood flow (CBF) was narrow due to a relatively low-set upper blood pressure limit. At 24 h after transfusion each individual has been re-examined. Following correction of anemia both a significant reduction of CBF velocities as well as a concomitant rise of the Pulsatility Index (PI) occurred over the entire range of blood pressures indicating a reduction of CBF after transfusion. In addition a right-sided shift of the upper limit towards higher mean blood pressures occurred after transfusion and resulted in an extension of the autoregulatory plateau of CBF. These favourable effects of blood transfusion ameliorating autoregulation of brain blood flow particularly at higher blood pressures might well bear important therapeutic perspectives in our effort to prevent intracranial haemorrhage among sick preterm infants. [less ▲]

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See detailStabilization of T7-Promoter-Based Parhs Expression Vectors Using the Parb Locus
De Moerlooze, L.; Struman, Ingrid ULg; Renard, Andre et al

in Gene (1992), 119(1), 91-3

We describe a modification of the pAR3040 vector which results in its efficient stabilization during cell division. The parB locus of the plasmid R1 was introduced into the plasmid, pAR3040, to construct ... [more ▼]

We describe a modification of the pAR3040 vector which results in its efficient stabilization during cell division. The parB locus of the plasmid R1 was introduced into the plasmid, pAR3040, to construct the pARHS vectors. These vectors are stable for at least 60 cell generations, even in the absence of selection by an antibiotic present in the culture media, both with or without IPTG induction. [less ▲]

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See detailSequence of the Subtilisin-Encoding Gene from an Antarctic Psychrotroph Bacillus Ta41
Davail, S.; Feller, Georges ULg; Narinx, E. et al

in Gene (1992), 119(1), 143-4

The nucleotide sequence of the subtilisin-encoding gene from the antarctic psychrotroph, Bacillus TA41, was determined. The primary structure of the subtilisin precursor corresponds to a preproenzyme of ... [more ▼]

The nucleotide sequence of the subtilisin-encoding gene from the antarctic psychrotroph, Bacillus TA41, was determined. The primary structure of the subtilisin precursor corresponds to a preproenzyme of 419 amino acids. Asp144, His181 and Ser359 are the proposed catalytic residues of the protease active site. [less ▲]

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See detailUltraviolet imaging of the Jovian aurora with the Hubble Space Telescope
Dols, V.; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Paresce, F. et al

in Geophysical Research Letters (1992), 19

We present here for the first time a Lyman-alpha image of the north polar region of Jupiter obtained with the Faint Object Camera on board the Hubble Space Telescope a few hours after the encounter of the ... [more ▼]

We present here for the first time a Lyman-alpha image of the north polar region of Jupiter obtained with the Faint Object Camera on board the Hubble Space Telescope a few hours after the encounter of the ULYSSES spacecraft with Jupiter. The presence of high latitude regions of enhanced emission is clearly observed. A comparison with the location of the 'UVS oval', the Io (L = 6) and high-latitude field-line footprints shows that the best agreement is obtained with the L not less than 15 footprint and the UVS oval which are close to each other for the particular longitudinal sector observed. These two L-shells correspond to two possible sources of precipitation: particles originating respectively from the region of the plasma torus of Io in a distorted magnetic field or particles from the distant magnetosphere by analogy with the terrestrial aurora. [less ▲]

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See detailThe outstanding photometric variations of the Ap star HD 7676 = VV Scl
Renson, Pierre ULg; Manfroid, Jean ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1992), 263

Contrary to what was formerly believed, VV Scl is not an eclipsing star but an Alpha CVn type variable with period P = 5.0976 +/- 0.0001 d. The range of the luminosity variation is remarkably large for an ... [more ▼]

Contrary to what was formerly believed, VV Scl is not an eclipsing star but an Alpha CVn type variable with period P = 5.0976 +/- 0.0001 d. The range of the luminosity variation is remarkably large for an Ap star, especially in B of Johnson's system, and in b and mostly in v of Stromgren's one. A secondary minimum appears near the maximum in B, b, an v. The main minima are in phase in all colors. [less ▲]

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See detailEnseigner l'holocauste
Jadoulle, Jean-Louis ULg

in Bulletin de Clio (1992), n°94

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See detailPresurgical octreotide treatment in acromegaly.
Stevenaert, Achille ULg; Harris, A. G.; Kovacs, K. et al

in Metabolism : Clinical and Experimental (1992), 41(9 Suppl. 2), 51-8

The aim of this study was to determine the role of octreotide administration in acromegalic patients as a preparation for selective adenomectomy using transsphenoidal route. Octreotide was administered ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to determine the role of octreotide administration in acromegalic patients as a preparation for selective adenomectomy using transsphenoidal route. Octreotide was administered for 3 to 6 weeks before surgery in 12 patients and for 4 to 39 months in 25 patients. The clinical response was judged as excellent or good in 10 of 12 patients from group I and in 23 of 25 patients from group II. Marked reduction (ie, greater than 50% of initial values) in serum growth hormone (GH) levels was seen in all patients, with levels to less than 5 micrograms/L in 68% of patients and less than 2 micrograms/L in 27%. Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) levels decreased to within normal limits in half the cases. During long-term treatment, an escape phenomenon could be seen. Varying degrees of tumor shrinkage were seen in more than 50% of cases. During surgery, with regard to the relative ease or difficulty in removing the tumor, the consistency of the tumor and the separation of normal from pathological tissue, no significant difference was observed between patients given octreotide and those from control series. Morphological changes in adenomatous tissue were rather small. The surgical outcome was similar in the pretreated series as in the control series, except in enclosed adenomas, which showed a tendency to a higher success rate. Since octreotide improves both the clinical condition and hormonal parameters and induces varying degrees of tumor shrinkage, it is potentially useful as an adjunct to surgery. Morphological data suggest that octreotide exercises a functional inhibitory effect on GH release. [less ▲]

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See detailTransdiaphragmatic Pressure Measurement in Cattle: Technical Data
Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Rollin, Frédéric ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Research in Veterinary Science (1992), 53(2), 148-53

Techniques and methods required for accurate and reproducible measurements of transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi), were studied in seven-week and five-month-old calves. Since reliable pleural pressure ... [more ▼]

Techniques and methods required for accurate and reproducible measurements of transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi), were studied in seven-week and five-month-old calves. Since reliable pleural pressure measurement in cattle has already been described, separate experiments were conducted to compare retrodiaphragmatic pressures measured (i) with balloon-catheters and needle catheters, (ii) before and after eructation and (iii) in the ruminal and in the peritoneal cavities. Whereas respiratory-induced pressure changes were equally transmitted throughout the rumen content, a marked anteroposterior damping was observed as the recording site in the abdominal cavity was moved away from the diaphragm (P < 0.0001). It was concluded that the most appropriate and accurate way to measure Pdi changes in polygastric animals is to measure the pressure changes existing in the mid-thoracic portion of the oesophagus and in the liquid content of the rumen with balloon-tubing units. Neither growth- and diet-related rumen enlargement nor eructation, which are two typical characteristics of ruminants, altered the reliability of retrodiaphragmatic pressure measurements in the two age groups studied. [less ▲]

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See detailSinglet Oxygen Quantum Yield of Sulfur and Selenium Analogs of Psoralen
Seret, Alain ULg; Piette, Jacques ULg; Jakobs, Andréas et al

in Photochemistry and Photobiology (1992), 56(3), 409-412

The quantum yield of singlet oxygen production by eight newly synthesized sulfur and selenium analogs of psoralen irradiated with UV-A (366 nm) has been determined in CCl4 with the help of the steady ... [more ▼]

The quantum yield of singlet oxygen production by eight newly synthesized sulfur and selenium analogs of psoralen irradiated with UV-A (366 nm) has been determined in CCl4 with the help of the steady state luminescence technique. The new psoralen derivatives are generally better singlet oxygen producers than psoralen itself. In particular, the replacement of selenophene for furan and/or of thiopyrone for pyrone induces an important enhancement of the singlet oxygen quantum yield. [less ▲]

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