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See detailLes routes de la foi en pays mosan (IVe-XVe siècles). Sources, méthode et problématique
George, Philippe ULg

in Feuillets de la Cathédrale de Liège (1995)

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See detail"De l'exequatur et des causes de préférence"
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in Actualités du Droit (1995), (2), 395-410

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See detailINVESTIGATION OF THE ELECTRICAL-RESISTIVITY BEHAVIOR BETWEEN THE KOSTERLITZ-THOULESS TEMPERATURE AND THE GINZBURG-LANDAU TEMPERATURE IN SPRAY-DRIED BULK BI2SR2CACU2O8+D - THE ROLE OF 2-DIMENSIONAL FLUCTUATIONS AND DEFECTS
Ausloos, Marcel ULg; Bougrine, Hassan ULg; DUVIGNEAUD, P. H. et al

in Physica C (1995), 251(3-4), 337-347

The resistive transition R(T) between the Kosterlitz-Thouless temperature and the Ginzburg-Landau temperature was studied in spray-dried bulk Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+d superconductors for a magnetic-field range ... [more ▼]

The resistive transition R(T) between the Kosterlitz-Thouless temperature and the Ginzburg-Landau temperature was studied in spray-dried bulk Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+d superconductors for a magnetic-field range between 0 and 0.3 T. The samples were prepared by the spray-drying technique with Bi2+xSr2-x-yCa2+yCu2O8+d for x = y = 0.05 or 0.1 as a starting composition here. The data analysis was performed assuming various resistive laws previously proposed. When numerically analyzed in terms of a two-dimensional Kosterlitz-Thouless theory the results lead to remarkable quantitative agreement. This implies that the R(T) behavior can be described within a picture of a highly two-dimensional behavior of macroscopic fluctuations of vortex-antivortex depairing type. The role of defects or inhomogeneities in the resistive behavior is outlined. [less ▲]

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See detailThe role of the insurance industry in piloting private sector security and prevention policy
Lemaître, André ULg

in European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research (1995), 3.1

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See detailThe rationale to switch from postoperative hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy to preoperative hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy in rectal cancer
COUCKE, Philippe ULg; Sartirelli, Britta; Cuttat, Jean-François et al

in International Journal of Radiation, Oncology, Biology, Physics (1995), 32(1), 181-188

Purpose: To demonstrate the feasibility of preoperative Hyperfractionated Accelerated RadioTherapy (preop-HART) in rectal cancer and to explain the rationales to switch from postoperative HART to ... [more ▼]

Purpose: To demonstrate the feasibility of preoperative Hyperfractionated Accelerated RadioTherapy (preop-HART) in rectal cancer and to explain the rationales to switch from postoperative HART to preoperative HART. Methods and Materials: Fifty-two consecutive patients were introduced in successive Phase I trials since 1989. In trial 89-01, postoperative HART (48 Gy in 3 weeks) was applied in 20 patients. In nine patients with locally advanced rectal cancer, considered unresectable by the surgeon, 32 Gy in 2 weeks was applied prior to surgery (trial 89-02). Since 1991, 41.6 Gy in 2.5 weeks has been applied preoperatively to 23 patients with T3-T4 any N rectal cancer immediately followed by surgery (trial 91-01). All patients were irradiated at the department of radiation-oncology with a four-field box technique (1.6 Gy twice a day and with at least a 6-h interval between fractions). The minimal accelerating potential was 6 MV. Acute toxicity was scored according to the World Health Organization (WHO for skin and small bowel) and the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group criteria (RTOG for bladder). This was done weekly during treatment and every 3 months thereafter. Small bowel volume was estimated by a modified 'Gallagher's' method. Results: Acute toxicity was acceptable both in postoperative and preoperative setup. The mean acute toxicity was significantly lower in trial 91-01 compared to 89-01. This difference was due to the smaller amount of small bowel in irradiation field and lower total dose in trial 91-01. Moreover, there was a significantly reduced delay between surgery and radiotherapy favoring trial 91-01 (median delay 4 days compared to 46 days in trial 89-01). Nearly all patients in trial 89-02 and 91-01 underwent surgery (31 out of 32; 97%). Resection margins were negative in 29 out of 32. Hospitalization duration in trial 91- 01 was not significantly different from trial 89-01 (19 vs. 21 days, respectively). Conclusions: Hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy immediately followed by surgery is feasible as far as acute toxicity is concerned. Preoperative HART is favored by a significantly lower acute toxicity related, in part, to a smaller amount of irradiated small bowel, and a shorter duration of the delay between radiotherapy and surgery. Moreover, the hospital stay after preoperative HART is not significantly increased. [less ▲]

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See detailLa gestion agro-économique dans la Cordillère Nord-Andine
Cotler, Helena; Bock, Laurent ULg; Mathieu, Léon

in Cahiers de la Recherche-Développement (Les) (1995), (42), 28-45

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See detailLa mesure des echanges gazeux foliaires en ecophysiologie vegetale. Note technique sur la mise au point d'un systeme portable integre de mesure differentielle.
Laitat, E.; Boussard, H.; Aubinet, Marc ULg et al

in Bulletin des Recherches Agronomiques de Gembloux (1995), (3),

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See detailManagement of high turnover osteoporosis with calcitonin
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis Digest (1995), 3

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See detailDinant/Falmignoul: Abri du Pape
Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Chronique de l'Archéologie wallonne (1995), 3

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See detailLas palabras póstumas de Albert Camus
Ardissone, Diana; Willson, Patricia ULg

in Espacios de crítica y producción (1995), (16), 63-64

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See detailThe influence of core excitations on energies and oscillator strengths of iron group elements
Quinet, Pascal ULg; Hansen, J E

in Journal of Physics : B Atomic Molecular & Optical Physics (1995), 28

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See detailHandling infinite temporal data
Kabanza, Froduald; Stevenne, Jean-Marc; Wolper, Pierre ULg

in Journal of Computer & System Sciences (1995), 51(1), 3--17

In this paper, we present a powerful framework for describing, storing, and reasoning about infinite temporal information. This framework is an extension of classical relational databases. It represents ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we present a powerful framework for describing, storing, and reasoning about infinite temporal information. This framework is an extension of classical relational databases. It represents infinite temporal information by generalized tuples defined by linear repeating points and constraints on these points. We characterize the expressiveness of these generalized relations in terms of predicates definable in Presburger arithmetic. Next, we prove that relations formed from generalized tuples are closed under the operations of relational algebra and provide complexity results for the evaluation of first-order queries. [less ▲]

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See detailTroubles respiratoires subcliniques et intolérance à l'effort chez l'athlète équin
Art, Tatiana ULg; Ghafir, Y.; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Point Vétérinaire (1995), 27

In the sports horse, respiratory disorders - even subclinical - may lead to a decline in performance. This article gives an overview of several physiological and pathological characteristics of the equine ... [more ▼]

In the sports horse, respiratory disorders - even subclinical - may lead to a decline in performance. This article gives an overview of several physiological and pathological characteristics of the equine respiratory system, as well as the aetiology, symptoms, prevention and necessary treatment of the most common respiratory disorders encountered in equine practice (11 photos, 3 figures, 1 table, 4 boxes, 39 references) [less ▲]

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See detailHydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) for recurrence prevention of Crohn's disease after curative surgery.
Louis, Edouard ULg; Belaiche, Jacques ULg

in Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique (1995), 19(2), 233-4

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See detailLa transmission du chant chez le Pinson des arbres (Fringilla c. coelebs) : phase sensible et rôle des tuteurs chez les oiseaux captifs.
Metzmacher, Maxime ULg

in Alauda (1995), 63

Learning plays a key role (Thorpe 1954) in the way song pattern develops in the Chaffinch. In experiments conducted and related here by Léon Hakin, the rearing of young Chaffinches in the presence of ... [more ▼]

Learning plays a key role (Thorpe 1954) in the way song pattern develops in the Chaffinch. In experiments conducted and related here by Léon Hakin, the rearing of young Chaffinches in the presence of adults of the same species suggests that : - learning of song can be relatively precise ; the young imitate the song(s) heard from its « teachers » during this period. This confirms experiments done by other researchers under different conditions (Slater & Ince 1982, Thielcke & Krome 1989). Some differences may however occur, particurlarly the form of the reproduced syllabes and their rythm of emision. - during its second calendar year, a bird placed in a new sound atmosphere can acquire new phrases and, apparently, forget its previous repertory. - certain young birds build up their repertory by coping phrases from different individuals and copy many of them for fixing the tempo of their song. The aim of the discussion is to find the characteristics of the sensitive period, the importance of social interactions on the process of song learning, the building of a repertory and the formation of dialects. In the last two phenomena, a process of dynamic and selective restructuration appears to be implied. [less ▲]

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See detailApproche thérapeutique du cancer épithélial de l'ovaire au CHU Sart Tilman : Conclusions de la réunion interdisciplinaire du 22 mars 1995
Jerusalem, Guy ULg; Detroz, Bernard ULg; Herman, Philippe ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1995), 50

Notre but est de définir une approche multidisciplinaire permettant d'offrir les meilleures chances de guérison ou de survie prolongée aux patientes. Nous nous sommes basés sur notre expérience ... [more ▼]

Notre but est de définir une approche multidisciplinaire permettant d'offrir les meilleures chances de guérison ou de survie prolongée aux patientes. Nous nous sommes basés sur notre expérience personnelle et les données actuelles de la littérature, tout en intégrant les approches innovatrices (ex : chimiothérapie intrapéritonéale précoce). Pour certaines patientes, le pronostic reste trop sombre avec un traitement standard et il nous semble important de leur proposer un traitement potentiellement plus efficace. [less ▲]

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See detailChimiosensibilité in vivo et in vitro de Plasmodium falciparum à Brazzaville (Congo)
Chandenier, Jacques; Ndounga, Mathieu; Carme, Bernard et al

in Santé : Cahiers d'Etude et de Recherches Francophones (1995), 5(1), 25-29

Various projects were launched in 1993 to monitor the chemosensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum in Congo. Resistance of 34 strains in Brazzaville to chloroquine, quinine and mefloquine and of 35 to ... [more ▼]

Various projects were launched in 1993 to monitor the chemosensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum in Congo. Resistance of 34 strains in Brazzaville to chloroquine, quinine and mefloquine and of 35 to halofantrine was investigated in an in vitro survey using an isotopic micro test. The resistance rates were 61.8, 14.7, 3.0 and 0.0% respectively. Thus, the chemoresistance which first appeared in 1990 is confirmed and is stable in the population. This finding was further confirmed by a parallel in vitro analysis of sensitivity to chloroquine in Brazzaville. A chloroquine monitoring network is now being established throughout the country based on simplified WHO tests of 100 asymptomatic schoolchildren conducted every six months. The first results in 1993, from three Southern regions indicate that parasites are found in 20 to 60% of cases seven days after a standard 3 day treatment with 25 mg/kg, according to the region. The results of in vitro and in vivo tests are very variable. Indeed, the value of such results for these tests for national monitoring is questionable: a more reliable system of identifying true therapeutic failures would be better suited. [less ▲]

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See detailSecondary structure of monoamine oxidase by FTIR spectroscopy.
Wouters, J.; Ramsay, R.; Goormaghtigh, E. et al

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (1995), 208(2), 773-8

The secondary structure of human monoamine oxidase A and bovine monoamine oxidase B has been investigated by Fourier Transform Attenuated Total Reflection Spectroscopy (FTIR ATR). The experimental results ... [more ▼]

The secondary structure of human monoamine oxidase A and bovine monoamine oxidase B has been investigated by Fourier Transform Attenuated Total Reflection Spectroscopy (FTIR ATR). The experimental results are compared for both isoenzymes and the data are incorporated in a statistical attribution of secondary structure of the enzyme describing the distinct folding and molecular specificity of the two types of monoamine oxidase. [less ▲]

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See detailCyclosporin A, rapamycin and FK506 decrease prolactin release from rat pituitary cells in primary culture
Wera, S.; Zheng, L.; Hooghe-Peters, E. L. et al

in Endocrine Research (1995), 21(3), 623-33

It is at present well established that prolactin exerts a non-specific immunoactivating function. In this work we tested whether the immunosuppressant drugs cyclosporin A, FK506 and rapamycin influence ... [more ▼]

It is at present well established that prolactin exerts a non-specific immunoactivating function. In this work we tested whether the immunosuppressant drugs cyclosporin A, FK506 and rapamycin influence prolactin release from rat pituitary cells in primary culture. The tested drugs had no effect on the prolactin release measured during a 2h incubation period, indicating that they do not influence the secretion of prolactin from intracellular stores into the culture medium. During longer incubation times (48h), however, prolactin release was diminished to 56% +/- 18 (10 microM cyclosporin A), 64% +/- 14 (1 microM rapamycin) or 64% +/- 7 (1 microM FK506), suggesting an effect on prolactin production. At these drug concentrations no toxic effects were observed. The data indicate that inhibition of pituitary prolactin synthesis might contribute to the immunosuppressant action of cyclosporin A, rapamycin and FK506. [less ▲]

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See detailR&D, technological progress and efficiency change in industrial activities
Perelman, Sergio ULg

in Review of Income and Wealth (1995), (41), 349-366

The objective of this paper is to estimate total factor productivity growth (TFP) in an international and sectoral setting using two alternative approaches based on the estimation of parametric stochastic ... [more ▼]

The objective of this paper is to estimate total factor productivity growth (TFP) in an international and sectoral setting using two alternative approaches based on the estimation of parametric stochastic frontiers and non-parametric production frontiers (DEA). The TFP is decomposed into two components, technological progress and efficiency change, that can also be interpreted as the results of the innovation and catching-up process, respectively. Finally their relationship is tested with a set of potential explanatory variables that includes R&D expenditures, international competition, and structural characteristics. It appears that the distinction between technological and efficiency performances does matter and must be taken into account in the design of industrial policy. [less ▲]

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See detailStructure and characterization of isopyoverdin from Pseudomonas putida BTP1 and its relation to the biogenetic pathway leading to pyoverdins.
Jacques, Philippe ULg; Ongena, MARC ULg; Gwose, I. et al

in Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. C, Journal of Biosciences (1995), 50(9-10), 622-9

Pyoverdin type siderophores produced by six fluorescent Pseudomonas strains isolated from different rhizospheres were purified and characterized. The purified ferri-pyoverdins were tested for their ... [more ▼]

Pyoverdin type siderophores produced by six fluorescent Pseudomonas strains isolated from different rhizospheres were purified and characterized. The purified ferri-pyoverdins were tested for their ability to promote the growth of other strains grown under iron deficiency conditions. Only the one obtained from Pseudomonas putida BTP1 did not act as a growth promoter. The structure of the BTP1 siderophore was elucidated by spectroscopic methods and degradation studies. It turned out that it contains a chromophore which differs from the one typical for pyoverdins insofar as it carries the carboxyl group in 3- rather than in 1-position ((3S)-5-amino-1,2-dihydro-8,9-dihydroxy-3H-pyrimido[1,2a]quinoline-3- carboxylic acid). The amino group of the chromophore is substituted with the 5-carboxyl group of L-glutamic acid and its carboxyl group with the N-terminus of the peptide L-Asp-L-Ala-L-Asp-D-N5-Ac-N5-OH-Orn-L-Ser-L-c-N5-OH-Orn. This isopyoverdin fits into the biogenetic scheme which postulates ferribactins as the precursors of pyoverdins. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effectiveness of combined oral lysine acetylsalicylate and metoclopramide compared with oral sumatriptan for migraine.
Tfelt-Hansen, P.; Henry, P.; Mulder, L. J. et al

in Lancet (1995), 346(8980), 923-6

Aspirin is commonly used to treat migraine attacks, although sumatriptan, a much more expensive treatment, is also effective. We compared a combination of lysine acetylsalicylate (equivalent to 900 mg ... [more ▼]

Aspirin is commonly used to treat migraine attacks, although sumatriptan, a much more expensive treatment, is also effective. We compared a combination of lysine acetylsalicylate (equivalent to 900 mg aspirin) and 10 mg metoclopramide (LAS+MTC) with oral sumatriptan (100 mg) and placebo in 421 patients with migraine. LAS+MTC was as effective as sumatriptan with a decrease of headache from severe or moderate to mild or none of 57% and 53%, respectively, for the first migraine attack treated. Both treatments were better than placebo (success rate 24%, p < 0.0001). LAS+MTC was significantly more effective in the treatment of nausea than sumatriptan (p < 0.0001) and was better tolerated (adverse events in 18% and 28%, respectively, p < 0.05). LAS+MTC is as effective as sumatriptan in the treatment of migraine attacks. It is also much cheaper. [less ▲]

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See detailCe que tromper veut dire: à propos des éditions maestrichtoises d'Helvétius (1774-1777)
Droixhe, Daniel ULg; Vanwelkenhuyzen, Nadine ULg

in Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century (1995), 329

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See detailLa recherche scientifique et l'invention d'une société solidaire
de Landsheere, Gilbert ULg

in Bulletin de l'Association de la Noblesse du Royaume de Belgique (1995), (206), 22-28

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See detailA Simple Model for the Fire Resistance of Axially-Loaded Members According to Eurocode 3
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Schleich, Jean-Baptiste; Cajot, Louis-Guy

in Journal of Constructional Steel Research (1995), 35

New buckling curves have been developed for axialy loaded steel members subjected to fire. The model is based on extensive numerical simulations calibrated on several dozens of full scale experimental ... [more ▼]

New buckling curves have been developed for axialy loaded steel members subjected to fire. The model is based on extensive numerical simulations calibrated on several dozens of full scale experimental test results. This model has been subsequently included in Eurocode 3. [less ▲]

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See detailMolecular cloning and characterization of a soluble inorganic pyrophosphatase in potato.
du Jardin, Patrick ULg; Rojas-Beltran, J.; Gebhardt, C. et al

in Plant Physiology (1995), 109(3), 853-60

A cDNA clone encoding a soluble inorganic pyrophosphatase (EC 3.6.1.1) of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) was isolated by screening a developing tuber library with a heterologous probe. The central domain ... [more ▼]

A cDNA clone encoding a soluble inorganic pyrophosphatase (EC 3.6.1.1) of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) was isolated by screening a developing tuber library with a heterologous probe. The central domain of the encoded polypeptide is nearly identical at the sequence level with its Arabidopsis homolog (J.J. Kieber and E.R. Signer [1991] Plant Mol Biol 16: 345-348). Computer-assisted analysis of the potato, Arabidopsis, and Escherichia coli soluble pyrophosphatases indicated a remarkably conserved organization of the hydrophobic protein domains. The enzymatic function of the potato protein could be deduced from the presence of amino acid residues highly conserved in soluble pyrophosphatases and was confirmed by its capacity to complement a thermosensitive pyrophosphatase mutation in E. coli. The potato polypeptide was purified from complemented bacterial cells and its pyrophosphatase activity was shown to be strictly dependent on Mg2+ and strongly inhibited by Ca2+. The subcellular location of the potato pyrophosphatase is unknown. Structure analysis of the N-terminal protein domain failed to recognize typical transit peptides and the calculated molecular mass of the polypeptide (24 kD) is significantly inferior to the values reported for the plastidic (alkaline) or mitochondrial pyrophosphatases in plants (28-42 kD). Two unlinked loci could be mapped by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis in the potato genome using the full-length cDNA as probe. [less ▲]

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See detailHow should zoster trials be conducted?
Wood, M. J.; Balfour, Hank; Beutner, Karl et al

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (1995), 36(6), 1089-1101

In 1994, an international group of interested clinicians and biostatisticians met to discuss the design of clinical trials in herpes tester. They agreed that trials in herpes tester should have ... [more ▼]

In 1994, an international group of interested clinicians and biostatisticians met to discuss the design of clinical trials in herpes tester. They agreed that trials in herpes tester should have prospectively agreed definitions of all outcome measures and plans for data analysis. In immunocompetent individuals, in whom pain is the major outcome measure, trials should only include patients over the age of 50 years, and for those recruited within 72 fi of rash onset, should be designed to demonstrate superiority of any new therapy over existing antivirals. The primary endpoint should be time to cessation of pain for at least 4 weeks and, for the purposes of statistical analysis of its duration, the pain associated with herpes tester ought to be considered as a continuum. All other variables, including the incidence of post-herpetic neuralgia and effects upon quality of life should be considered as secondary end-points. Evaluation of treatment effects on primary endpoints should be based upon an intent-to-treat (ITT) analysis and subgroup analysis should be used only to support the findings of the ITT analysis. These elements of good study design should be borne in mind in the evaluation of current and future trails of antiviral drugs in herpes zoster. [less ▲]

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See detailPotentiation instead of habituation characterizes visual evoked potentials in migraine patients between attacks
Schoenen, Jean ULg; Wang, W.; Albert, A. et al

in European Journal of Neurology (1995), 2

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See detailReeducacion de la artroplastia de rodilla EMG de superfice como metodo de evaluacion
Villanueva, X.; Maertens de Noordhout, B.; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Dolor & Inflammacion (1995), 8

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See detailSatellite image maps of Warsaw in the scale 1 :25,000
Kaczynski, Rom; Donnay, Jean-Paul ULg; Muller, Fabrice

in EARSeL Advances in Remote Sensing (1995), 4(2), 100-103

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See detailISOLATION OF SUCROSE SYNTHASE FROM RICE (ORYZA-SATIVA) GRAINS IN PILOT-SCALE FOR APPLICATION IN CARBOHYDRATE SYNTHESIS
ELLING, Lothar; GULDENBERG, Birgit; GROTHUS, Marita et al

in Biotechnology & Applied Biochemistry (1995), 21(Part 1), 29-37

The application of sucrose synthase as a valuable biocatalyst for the synthesis of activated sugars and saccharides requires large amounts of enzyme. The purification of sucrose synthase starting from the ... [more ▼]

The application of sucrose synthase as a valuable biocatalyst for the synthesis of activated sugars and saccharides requires large amounts of enzyme. The purification of sucrose synthase starting from the 9 kg scale of rice (Oryza sativa) grains was achieved in five steps with 11.3% yield and 192-fold purification. The final sucrose synthase preparation was free of nucleotide di- and monophosphatases, but did contain 0.05% of both invertase and UDP-glucose-hydrolysing activity. It can be efficiently utilized for the synthesis of activated sugars. Its application for the synthesis of saccharides is possible taking into account that 15% UDP-glucose is hydrolysed within 15 h incubation time [less ▲]

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See detailBiotinidase Km-variants: detection and detailed biochemical investigations
Suormala, T.; RAMAEKERS, Vincent ULg; Schweitzer, S. et al

in Journal of inherited metabolic disease (1995), 18(6), 689-700

We describe a simple method for the detection of biotinidase Km-variants and detailed biochemical investigations in 5 such patient. They were detected among 103 patients with plasma biotinidase activity ... [more ▼]

We describe a simple method for the detection of biotinidase Km-variants and detailed biochemical investigations in 5 such patient. They were detected among 103 patients with plasma biotinidase activity which ranged from undetectable to 30% of the mean normal value. Two different types of biotinidase Km-variants were found. (1) In 3 infants biotinidase had a single 105-430-fold elevated Km for biocytin. Biotinidase showed very low activities (0.2-4% of the mean normal value) in the routine colorimetric assay and was not functional in vivo. Accordingly, these patients presented with classical clinical illness. (2) In two patients biotinidase showed biphasic kinetics indicating the presence of one component with a normal Km and reduced Vmax (1.7% and 12%), and another with 330- and 59-fold elevated Km, respectively. In these two patients, biotinidase proved to be at least partially functional in vivo. However, the first patient developed severe symptoms and biotin deficiency late, at the age of 10-15 years, and the second had marginal biotin deficiency at the age of 2 years but no clinical symptoms. Comparative studies revealed that both patients had more severe biotin deficiency than age-matched patients with similar levels of residual biotinidase activity and a single normal Km. Therefore, all patients with residual biotinidase activity should be evaluated for the presence of a Km-mutation, since such patients should be treated with biotin. These can easily be detected by including a second substrate concentration (1.5 mmol/L) in the routine colorimetric biotinidase assay which is performed with 0.15 mmol/L biotin. Increased activity with the higher substrate concentration indicates the presence of a Km-mutation. Detailed kinetic studies are needed to evaluate the distinct forms of Km-variants. [less ▲]

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See detailCell surface binding of TIMP-2 and pro-MMP-2/TIMP-2 complex
Emmert-Buck, M. R.; Emonard, H. P.; Corcoran, M. L. et al

in FEBS Letters (1995), 364(1), 28-32

Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP-2) is a low molecular weight proteinase inhibitor capable of inhibiting activated matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). TIMP-2 is found both free and in a 1:1 ... [more ▼]

Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP-2) is a low molecular weight proteinase inhibitor capable of inhibiting activated matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). TIMP-2 is found both free and in a 1:1 stoichiometric complex with the pro-enzyme form of MMP-2 (pro-MMP-2/TIMP-2 complex). We have measured the binding of recombinant TIMP-2 to intact HT-1080 and MCF-7 cells. HT-1080 cells in suspension bound 125I-labeled rTIMP-2 with a Kd of 2.5 nM and 30,000 sites/cell. Monolayers of MCF-7 cells were similarly found to bind [125I]rTIMP-2 with a Kd of 1.6 nM and 25,000 sites/cell. Specific binding of MMP-2 alone to HT-1080 cells was not observed; however, pro-MMP-2/TIMP-2 complex was capable of binding to the surface of HT-1080 cells in a TIMP-2-dependent manner. Binding of rTIMP-2 was not competed by the presence of TIMP-1. These results suggest that rTIMP-2 alone binds directly to the cell surface of HT-1080 and MCF-7 cell lines, and TIMP-2 is capable of localizing MMP-2 to the surface of HT-1080 cells via interaction with a specific binding site. [less ▲]

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See detailSIMULTANEOUS OBSERVATIONS OF THE SATURNIAN AURORA AND POLAR HAZE WITH THE HST/FOC
Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; DOLS, V.; Grodent, Denis ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Letters (1995), 22(20), 2685-2688

Near simultaneous observations of the Saturnian H-2 north ultraviolet aurora and the polar haze were made at 153 nm and 210 nm respectively with the Faint Object Camera on board the post-COSTAR Hubble ... [more ▼]

Near simultaneous observations of the Saturnian H-2 north ultraviolet aurora and the polar haze were made at 153 nm and 210 nm respectively with the Faint Object Camera on board the post-COSTAR Hubble Space Telescope. The auroral observations cover a complete rotation of the planet and, when co-added, they reveal the presence of an auroral emission near 80 degrees N with a brightness of about 150 kR of total H-2 emission. The maximum vertical optical depth at 210 nm is found to be located similar to 5 degrees equatorward of the auroral emission zone. The haze particles are presumably formed by hydrocarbon aerosols initiated by H-2(+) auroral production. In this case, the 3 x 10(10) W of H-2 emission observed with the FOG, combined with the deduced haze optical depth requires an efficiency of aerosol formation of about 7%. This result indicates that auroral production of hydrocarbon aerosols is a viable source of high-latitude haze. [less ▲]

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See detailA magnetic resonance imaging approach for the diagnosis of a triplet cornual pregnancy.
Bassil, Salim; Gordts, Stéphane; NISOLLE, Michelle ULg et al

in Fertility and Sterility (1995), 64(5), 1029-31

Objectives: To describe a rare case of triplet cornual pregnancy after IVF-ET and to assess the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for early diagnosis. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Infertility and ... [more ▼]

Objectives: To describe a rare case of triplet cornual pregnancy after IVF-ET and to assess the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for early diagnosis. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Infertility and IVF Unit, in an university medical center. PATIENT: A 31-year-old healthy patient with a 3-year history of primary male infertility. INTERVENTION: Standard IVF-ET treatment cycle, using a GnRH-agonist (long protocol) and hMG for ovarian stimulation. RESULTS: A cornual triplet pregnancy is described with the approach for the diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging was complementary to endovaginal sonography for early diagnosis and permitted a timed conservative management. CONCLUSIONS: When transvaginal ultrasound findings did not provide an accurate location of the pregnancy, MRI was indicated to confirm the diagnosis. [less ▲]

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See detailReprésentations de la justice sociale - L'exemple de la Belgique francophone
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

in Année Sociologique (L') (1995), 45

Lorsqu'on analyse les réponses à une batterie de questions sur la justice sociale en Belgique, on voit apparaître trois facteurs, qui ne correspondent pas à des "valeurs" mais plutôt à des "thématiques ... [more ▼]

Lorsqu'on analyse les réponses à une batterie de questions sur la justice sociale en Belgique, on voit apparaître trois facteurs, qui ne correspondent pas à des "valeurs" mais plutôt à des "thématiques transversales". Le premier facteur concerne l'inclusion : la justice est-elle due, par exemple aux immigrés ou aux chômeurs ? Le deuxième facteur concerne le rôle géénral de l'Etat social. Le troisième facteur concerne la dimension première ou subsidiaire de la sécurité sociale. [less ▲]

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See detailAmineptine, response timing and time discrimination in the albino rat
Lejeune, Helga ULg; Hermans, Isabelle ULg; Mocaer, E. et al

in Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior (1995), 51(2-3, Jun-Jul), 165-173

Experiment 1 recorded the effects of single (doses of 1, 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg) and repeated intraperitoneal injections (10 mg/kg) of amineptine (a tricyclic antidepressant drug) on the performance of ... [more ▼]

Experiment 1 recorded the effects of single (doses of 1, 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg) and repeated intraperitoneal injections (10 mg/kg) of amineptine (a tricyclic antidepressant drug) on the performance of albino rats in differential reinforcement of low rate (DRL) of 30 s, fixed-interval (FI) of 60 s, and signalled continuous reinforcement (CRF-SD) schedules. In the second experiment, the effects of repeated (10 mg/kg) and single injections (20 mg/kg) were assessed on the discrimination of the duration of auditory stimuli (2 and 8 s). A dose-related increase in response rates was observed in FI and DRL, correlating with a dose-related impairment in the temporal regulation of performance. However, the drug remained without effect on duration discrimination. In other respects, decreases in response latency in CRF-SD or duration discrimination tended to indicate that the drug improved vigilance and reactivity to extraneous significant stimuli. Interpretations in terms of sensitization, tolerance, or dependency could be discarded. Our data support the hypothesis that drug effects on temporal regulation in FI and DRL are secondary to a nonspecific activation of motor activity. They question the plausibility of an antidepressant effect of the drug in humans via modulation of a timing mechanism. [less ▲]

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See detailANISOTROPY OF THE MIXED-STATE IN TEXTURED PB-FREE BI-2223 SUPERCONDUCTOR - ELECTRICAL-RESISTIVITY, SEEBECK AND NERNST EFFECTS
PEKALA, M.; Bougrine, Hassan ULg; LADA, T. et al

in Superconductor Science & Technology (1995), 8(9), 726-739

Anisotropy of transport entropy and of Hall angle are reported for the first time through various electrical and thermal transport properties, such as the electric resistivity and the Seebeck and the ... [more ▼]

Anisotropy of transport entropy and of Hall angle are reported for the first time through various electrical and thermal transport properties, such as the electric resistivity and the Seebeck and the Nernst effects (in the presence of a magnetic field ranging between 0 and 4 T), measured for a Pb-free textured Bi-2223 system. The field and temperature influence in the mixed state region is reported only for the H parallel to a and H parallel to c cases and the temperature gradient applied along the b direction. A much stronger influence of magnetic field along the c than the a axis is demonstrated. The relative evolution of the so-called 'excess transport effects' is discussed. We show the laws relating the respective losses to the applied magnetic field. This leads us to the understanding that anisotropic vortex kinetics exist in these systems. We consequently propose two original routes of theoretical investigations to be considered for the calculation of Nernst and TEP effects in a field, in particular to consider a vortex-carrier drag phenomenon. [less ▲]

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See detailLes troubles obsessionnels compulsifs
Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULg

in stratégie thérapeutique (1995)

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See detailSerum erythropoietin during autologous bone marrow transplantation: relationship to measures of erythroid activity.
Davies, S. V.; Fegan, C. D.; Kendall, R. et al

in Clinical & Laboratory Haematology (1995), 17(2), 139-44

Marked elevation of serum erythropoietin (sEPO) occurs following high dose chemotherapy for malignant disease. It has been proposed that the subsequent fall in sEPO constitutes a relative erythropoietin ... [more ▼]

Marked elevation of serum erythropoietin (sEPO) occurs following high dose chemotherapy for malignant disease. It has been proposed that the subsequent fall in sEPO constitutes a relative erythropoietin (EPO) deficiency, prompting trials of recombinant EPO to reduce red cell transfusion during chemotherapy. We have investigated these phenomena by serial estimations of reticulocytes and sEPO in 11 autologous marrow transplant recipients. sEPO reached two to five times baseline 0 to 5 days after transplant but the inverse relationship between sEPO and haematocrit was maintained. Observed to expected log sEPO (Epo ratio) rose and fell in parallel with sEPO, remaining greater than 1.0 throughout. A progressive fall in reticulocyte count during chemotherapy was followed by an increase during engraftment. The strong inverse relationships between reticulocytes and Epo ratio in the 10 days after initiating chemotherapy support the hypothesis that loss of EPO-receptor bearing erythroid precursors allows a rise in sEPO during chemotherapy. The elevation of Epo ratio levels during engraftment indicates that it is the availability of EPO-sensitive progenitors, rather than the supply of EPO, that limits the rate of resumption of erythropoiesis after high-dose chemotherapy. [less ▲]

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See detailPostweaning housing conditions and partner preference and sexual behavior of neonatally ATD-treated male rats.
Bakker, Julie ULg; van Ophemert, J.; Slob, A. K.

in Psychoneuroendocrinology (1995), 20(3), 299-310

Male rats were neonatally treated with cholesterol or a substance that blocks the aromatization of testosterone to estradiol (1,4,6-androstatriene-3,17-dione: ATD). At weaning (21 days) they were either ... [more ▼]

Male rats were neonatally treated with cholesterol or a substance that blocks the aromatization of testosterone to estradiol (1,4,6-androstatriene-3,17-dione: ATD). At weaning (21 days) they were either housed alone or in small groups (2-3 animals) and tested for partner preference behavior (PPB) in adulthood. Choice was between an estrous female and an active male (Part I) and between an estrous female and an ATD-male (Part II). Tests were carried out in a 3-compartment box. Social isolation did not have major effects on PPB except when sexual interaction with the stimulus animals was prevented (Part I). In this case, isolates (ATD and control) showed higher preference scores (PS) for the estrous female and spent less time in the empty middle compartment. When the choice was between an estrous female and an ATD-male, partner PS decreased in all males, most clearly in ATD-males. The latter animals spent more time with the stimulus ATD-male than they had done in previous PPB tests with the normal stimulus male. In contrast to partner preference behaviors, sexual behavior was clearly affected by social isolation. Isolates (ATD and control) displayed lower frequencies of mounts and intromissions. These effects persisted over consecutive tests. Ejaculation was not affected. In conclusion, the present results confirm earlier findings about the significance of neonatal endocrine conditions for the organization of adult PPB in male rats. The presence or absence of social conspecifics after weaning appears to have little influence on adult PPB. [less ▲]

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See detailGeographical research in Belgium : remote sensing and photo-interpretation
Donnay, Jean-Paul ULg; Wilmet, Jules

in Bulletin de la Société Belge d'Etudes Géographiques (1995), 2

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See detailAutonomie de la volonté et statut personnel
Carlier, Jean-Yves ULg

in Cahiers des droits maghrébins (1995)

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See detailLa pratique du traitement de texte appliquée à la conception de documents scientifiques
Deltenre, Alain; Claustriaux, Jean-Jacques ULg; Austraet, J.

in Notes de Statistique et d'Informatique (1995), (1), 1-27

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See detailRespiratory adjustments in unacclimatised horses exercised under hot, humid conditions
Art, Tatiana ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (1995), 18

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a hot and humid environment on the pattern of breathing and the gas exchange in heavily exercising horses. Five healthy fit Standardbred horses ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a hot and humid environment on the pattern of breathing and the gas exchange in heavily exercising horses. Five healthy fit Standardbred horses were investigated twice at 8 day intervals, once in temperate conditions (TC) (ambient temperature: 15°C; relative humidity: 55%) and once in hot and humid conditions (HHC) (ambient temperature: 30°C; relative humidity: 75%). The standardised treadmill exercise test consisted of 8 min warm-up and 8 min exercise (1 min at 1.7, 4, 7, 8, 9 and 10 m/s and 2 min at 4 m/s with a 6% slope). Running in HHC induced a significant decrease in peak expired minute volume (VE), oxygen uptake (VO2), VCO2 and oxygen pulse, while RQ remained unchanged and PACO2 increased. The changes in skin temperature (ST), i.e. the difference between ST at rest and at 10 m/s, was dramatically higher in HHC. The test induced changes, i.e. the differences between the values before and after the test, in cortisol, (beta-endorphins and plasma lactate (LA) values after the test were significantly higher. This study showed that performing a strenuous exercise in hot, humid conditions in unacclimatised horses induced a reduction of the aerobic capacity, i.e. decrease of the V02 and increase of LA production. A relative hypoventilation could be partly responsible for this observation, but all the steps of the oxygen transport from the pulmonary ventilation to the muscle metabolism could also potentially be impaired in such conditions [less ▲]

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See detailAdvanced laparoscopic surgery for the removal of rectovaginal septum endometriotic or adenomyotic nodules.
Donnez, Jacques; NISOLLE, Michelle ULg

in Bailliere's Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology (1995), 9(4), 769-74

In the pelvis, three different forms of endometriosis (Donnez et al, 1992) must be considered: (1) peritoneal, (2) ovarian, (3) rectovaginal septum. By evaluation of the mitotic activity and the stromal ... [more ▼]

In the pelvis, three different forms of endometriosis (Donnez et al, 1992) must be considered: (1) peritoneal, (2) ovarian, (3) rectovaginal septum. By evaluation of the mitotic activity and the stromal vascularization, we have recently suggested (Nisolle et al, 1993) that peritoneal red lesions were the most aggressive form of the disease and progress to the so-called typical or black lesion, which must be considered as an enclosed implant surrounded by fibrosis. This type of infiltration must be clearly differentiated from the rectovaginal endometriotic nodule. Koninckx (1993) recently described three types of deep-infiltrating endometriosis: deep-infiltrating endometriosis of type I is a rather large lesion in the peritoneal cavity, infiltrating conically with the deeper parts becoming progressively smaller. It has been suggested that this type of endometriosis is caused by infiltration. In type II lesions, the main feature is that bowel is retracted over the lesion which thus becomes deeply situated in the rectovaginal septum although not actually infiltrating it. Type III lesions are the deepest and most severe. They are spherically shaped, situated deep in the rectovaginal septum, often only visible as a small typical lesion at laparoscopy or often not visible at all. This lesion is often more palpable than visible and is acutely tender if the patient is examined at the time of menstruation, and gives rise to severe dyspareunia. In our experience there are two different types of 'deep-infiltrating endometriosis': 1. True deep-infiltrating endometriosis caused by the invasion of a very active peritoneal lesion deep in the retroperitoneal space. In cases of lateral peritoneal invasion, uterosacral ligaments can be involved as well as the anterior wall of the rectosigmoid bowel junction resulting in a retraction, adhesions and secondary obliteration of the cul-de-sac. 2. Pseudo deep-infiltrating endometriosis or adenomyosis of the rectovaginal septum. This lesion originates from the rectovaginal septum tissue and consists essentially of smooth muscle with active glandular epithelium and scanty stroma. In our study, the rectovaginal nodule was histologically similar to an adenomyoma (Zaloudek and Norris, 1987). It was a circumscribed, nodular aggregate of smooth muscle, endometrial glands and endometrial stroma. As in the 'adenomyoma', secretory changes were frequently absent in 'endometriotic' rectovaginal nodules. The invasion of the muscle by a very active glandular epithelium, without stroma, proved that the stroma is not necessary for invasion in this particular type of pathology called adenomyosis. In some instances, it can be seen that the vaginal pluristratified epithelium was replaced by a glandular epithelium. The fact that ciliated cells were present and the co-expression of both vimentin and cytokeratin (Donnez and Nisolle, personal communication) proved the Mullerian origin of the nodule, where certain histological characteristics are completely different to those observed in peritoneal lesions (Nisolle et al, 1990). In our series, deep fibrotic tissue assumed to contain endometriosis was excised or vaporized from the anterior rectum with the aid of multiple rectovaginal examinations. Cul-de-sac dissection was followed by excision of deep fibrotic endometriosis, without cul-de-sac reconstruction. In three cases, the bowel lumen was entered. A comprehensive laparoscopic procedure, while not eradicating all the endometriosis, may result in considerable pain relief or a desired pregnancy. [less ▲]

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See detailLa grammaire au secours de la datation des textes
Winand, Jean ULg

in Revue d'Egyptologie (1995), 46

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See detailArt (de l'affiche) et pouvoir
Duchesne, Jean-Patrick ULg

in Art&Fact (1995), 14

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See detailSurgery for Occlusive Renal Artery Disease: Immediate and Long-Term Results
Van Damme, Hendrik ULg; Lombet, P.; Creemers, Etienne ULg et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (1995), 95(1, Jan-Feb), 1-10

A retrospective study is presented concerning 115 patients submitted to renal artery surgery from 1978 to 1990, and observed during 2 to 15 years. Included are 69 men and 46 women, aged 14 to 84 years ... [more ▼]

A retrospective study is presented concerning 115 patients submitted to renal artery surgery from 1978 to 1990, and observed during 2 to 15 years. Included are 69 men and 46 women, aged 14 to 84 years (mean: 58.8 years). The underlying occlusive arterial disease was atherosclerosis in 87 patients, fibromuscular dysplasia in 21, and miscellaneous causes in 7 cases. One hundred and one patients (88%) were hypertensive. Some degree of impaired renal excretory function (serum creatinine level above 16 mg/l) was present in 30% (n = 42) of the patients, whereas 11 patients had severe renal insufficiency (creatinemia above 30 mg/l). Primary nephrectomy was performed in 11 patients as sole procedure and was associated with contralateral revascularization in another 9 patients. A variety of types of arterial reconstruction was performed, although more than half of the procedures were aortorenal bypass grafts. Bilateral procedures were performed in 19 cases. Simultaneous extrarenal operations included aortic reconstruction (n = 43), mesenteric arterial repair (n = 8), and carotid endarterectomy (n = 5). Operative mortality (9/115, 7.8%) varied considerably between the subgroups: 4% for group I (hypertension alone, n = 73), 15% for group II (renal impairment with or without hypertension, n = 34), and 12.5% for group III (acute renal failure, n = 8). There were 3 late non procedure-related in-hospital deaths. Preoperative renal insufficiency was the only independent predictive risk factor for operative death. The procedure was curative or led to improved blood pressure control in 79% (80/101) of hypertensive patients. The response rate was better for recent onset hypertension, compared to long-standing hypertension. Of the 42 azotemic patients, 78% had a benefit (improvement in 50%, stabilization in 28%) of renal revascularization. Associated longstanding hypertension had a negative prognostic value. Sequential clinical and functional follow-up evaluations are available on 99 of the 103 surviving patients. Cumulative 5-year survival is 87%. Cardiovascular causes account for most (11/15) of the late deaths.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailCatecholaminergic function and P300 amplitude in major depressive disorder (P300 and catecholamines).
Hansenne, Michel ULg; Pitchot, William ULg; Gonzalez Moreno, Antonio et al

in Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology (1995), 96(2), 194-6

The neurobiology of P300 is still a subject of controversy. P300 amplitude appears to be modulated by multiple neurotransmitter systems, especially dopaminergic, noradrenergic as well as cholinergic and ... [more ▼]

The neurobiology of P300 is still a subject of controversy. P300 amplitude appears to be modulated by multiple neurotransmitter systems, especially dopaminergic, noradrenergic as well as cholinergic and GABAergic. In this study, we investigated the relationship between P300 amplitude and catecholaminergic neurotransmission as assessed by the growth hormone (GH) response to clonidine and apomorphine challenges in 20 major depressive patients. Results showed a correlation of P300 amplitude with the apomorphine test (r = 0.54; P = 0.01), but not with the clonidine test (r = 0.22; NS). This study supports a role for dopamine in the neurobiological modulation of P300 amplitude. [less ▲]

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See detailProximal Migration of Vena Caval Filters: Report of Two Cases with Operative Retrieval
DEFRAIGNE, Jean ULg; Vahdat, Olivier; Lacroix, Hendrik et al

in Annals of Vascular Surgery (1995), 9(6), 571-5

Operative retrieval of two proximally migrated vena caval filters was performed in two patients, ages 42 and 45 years, respectively. In the first patient the filter was encrusted in the right ventricle ... [more ▼]

Operative retrieval of two proximally migrated vena caval filters was performed in two patients, ages 42 and 45 years, respectively. In the first patient the filter was encrusted in the right ventricle, and in the second one the filter was found in the pulmonary artery. Both filters were retrieved under cardiopulmonary bypass via an incision in the right atrium and the pulmonary artery, respectively. These two observations underscore the risk of increased unwarranted indications and consequent higher complication rates of vena caval filters. [less ▲]

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See detailLe développement des fonctions du langage en vue d’une meilleure intégration linguistique: le cas des Italiens de Belgique
Lucchini, Silvia ULg

in Cahiers de l'institut de linguistique de Louvain (1995), 21(1-2), 149-156

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See detailEntre sémantique et syntaxe. Pour une classification des lexèmes verbaux en néo-égyptien
Winand, Jean ULg

in Lingua Aegyptia [= LingAeg] (1995), 4

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See detailRelative importance of the trophic and direct pathways on PCB contamination in the rotifer species Brachionus calyciflorus (Pallas)
Joaquim-Justo, Célia ULg; Gosselain, V; Descy, Jean-Pierre et al

in Hydrobiologia (1995)

To determine the contribution of food ingestion (trophic pathway) to PCB contamination of zooplankton in the river Meuse (Belgium), we used 14 C-labelled algae (Dictyosphaerium ehrenbergianum) to measure ... [more ▼]

To determine the contribution of food ingestion (trophic pathway) to PCB contamination of zooplankton in the river Meuse (Belgium), we used 14 C-labelled algae (Dictyosphaerium ehrenbergianum) to measure ingestion and assimilation rates in the rotifer species Brachionus calyciflorus . When the concentration of algae in the culture medium varied from 20 103 to 200 103 algal cells ml -1 (0.12 to 1 .18 mg C 1 - '), the Brachionus calyciflorus ingestion rate varied from 0 .25 ± 0 .12 to 1 .52 ± 0 .43 ng C ind -1 h-1 at 15 °C and from 0 .74 ± 0 .17 to 5 .93 ± 0.61 ng Cind-' h-1 at 20 °C . The assimilation efficiency (ratio of the assimilation rate to the ingestion rate) measured in a culture medium containing 200 103 algal cells ml`' was 55 .7 ± 5.8%. Since the PCB concentration measured in the phytoplankton of the river Meuse is about 3 pg PCBs g -1 D.W., the estimated PCB contamination of zooplankton ascribable to the trophic pathway ranges from 0 .22 ± 0 .17 to 1 .31 ± 0.77 jag PCBs g -1 D.W. at 15 °C and from 0.64 ± 0 .34 to 5 .10 ± 2 .10 pg PCBs g -1 D. W. at 20'C . The lower figure based on measurements effected at 20 ° C is comparable to the actual level measured in zooplankton samples collected in the river Meuse (0 .69 ± 0.20 pg PCBs g`' D.W.) . The applicability of the formula used in our estimate was checked in a 48-hour in vitro experiment in which the rotifers were fed contaminated algae . The PCB accumulation measured in the rotifers was found to coincide with the calculated PCB contamination . Additional experiments were carried out to determine the contribution of the direct pathway to PCB contamination of zooplankton living in the river Meuse (0.02 pg PCBs 1-1 of water; average dissolved organic matter : 3 mg C 1 -1 ). The PCB concentration in zooplankton resulting from direct uptake of PCBs from the water was estimated at 0 .19 ± 0.05 jug PCBs g -1 D.W. These results show that in zooplankton living in polluted ecosystems, PCBs are likely to accumulate via the trophic pathway to concentrations up to 30 times higher than by direct contamination . Furthermore, our estimates of PCB contamination via the trophic pathway coincide quite well with actual concentrations measured in situ . [less ▲]

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See detailThe N- and C-termini of the tricarboxylate carrier are exposed to the cytoplasmic side of the inner mitochondrial membrane.
Capobianco, L.; Bisaccia, F.; Michel, A. et al

in FEBS Letters (1995), 357

Polyclonal antibodies were raised in rabbits against two synthetic peptides corresponding to the N- and C-terminal regions of the rat-liver mitochondrial tricarboxylate carrier. ELISA tests performed with ... [more ▼]

Polyclonal antibodies were raised in rabbits against two synthetic peptides corresponding to the N- and C-terminal regions of the rat-liver mitochondrial tricarboxylate carrier. ELISA tests performed with intact and permeabilized rat-liver mitoplasts showed that both anti-N-terminal and anti-C-terminal antibodies bind only to the cytoplasmic surface of the inner membrane, indicating that both termini of the membrane-bound tricarboxylate carrier are exposed to the mitochondrial intermembrane space. Furthermore, tryptic digestion of intact mitoplasts markedly decreased the binding of anti-N-terminal and anti-C-terminal antibodies to the tricarboxylate carrier. These results are consistent with an arrangement of the tricarboxylate carrier monomer into an even number of transmembrane segments, with the N- and C-termini protruding toward the cytosol. [less ▲]

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See detailMitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation injuries occurring in situ and in vitro.
Willet, K.; Vaz de Macedo, D.; DETRY, Olivier ULg et al

in Transplantation Proceedings (1995), 27

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See detailEffects of glucocorticoids and sympathomimetic agents on basal and insulin-stimulated glucose metabolism.
Paquot, Nicolas ULg; Schneiter, P.; Jequier, E. et al

in Clinical Physiology (1995), 15(3), 231-40

The mechanisms responsible for glucocorticoid-induced insulin resistance remain unclear. Glucocorticoids show several interactions with the sympatho-adrenal system which may contribute to this decrease in ... [more ▼]

The mechanisms responsible for glucocorticoid-induced insulin resistance remain unclear. Glucocorticoids show several interactions with the sympatho-adrenal system which may contribute to this decrease in insulin sensitivity: they enhance the synthesis and actions of catecholamines, but abolish insulin-induced activation of muscle sympathetic nerve activity. The present study was performed in order to investigate the effects of the interactions between glucocorticoids and the sympatho-adrenal system on insulin sensitivity. Basal and insulin-stimulated glucose metabolism was measured in healthy human subjects during four 2-h clamp studies as follows: control (C); after taking oral dexamethasone (2 mg daily) for 2 days (D); after taking oral ephedrine sulphate (40 mg daily) for 2 days (E); and after taking dexamethasone+ephedrine (D+E). Glucose uptake, production and oxidation were calculated from plasma 13C glucose and exhaled 13CO2 during constant tracer infusion of U-13C glucose. Basal glucose production, utilization and oxidation were similar in all four studies. During hyperinsulinaemia, glucose uptake was reduced by 51.5% with treatment D, by 25.9% with treatment E, and by 49.6% with D+E. Glucose oxidation was reduced by 54.0% with treatment D, by 24.0% with treatment E, and by 57.2% with D+E. Hepatic glucose production was completely suppressed in all four studies. It is concluded that both dexamethasone and ephedrine decrease insulin-mediated glucose uptake and oxidation. Co-administration of ephedrine does not suppress the glucocorticoid-induced alterations of glucose metabolism. This indicates that glucocorticoid-induced insulin resistance is not related to the inhibition of muscle sympathetic nerve activity. These results suggest instead that glucocorticoids and sympathomimetic agents may impair glucose metabolism by common actions. [less ▲]

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See detailEscape into Innocence: Ian McEwan and the Nightmare of History
Delrez, Marc ULg

in Ariel : A Review of International English Literature (1995), 26(2), 7-23

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See detailUtilisation de Biopesticides pour la protection des pommes en conservation
Jijakli, Haissam ULg; Lepoivre, Philippe ULg

in Le fruit belge (1995), (455), 83-88

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See detailCabergoline in prolactinomen.
Abs, R.; Verhaert, G.; Demez, Pierre ULg et al

in Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde (1995), 51

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See detailPhospholipid-Binding And Lecithin-Cholesterol Acyltransferase Activation Properties Of Apolipoprotein-A-I Mutants
Holvoet, P.; Zhao, Za.; Vanloo, B. et al

in Biochemistry (1995), 34(41), 13334-42

Recombinant human apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I) and three deletion mutants: apo A-I(delta Leu44-Leu126), apo A-I(delta Glu139-Leu170), and apo A-I(delta Ala190-Gln243), purified from the periplasmic space ... [more ▼]

Recombinant human apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I) and three deletion mutants: apo A-I(delta Leu44-Leu126), apo A-I(delta Glu139-Leu170), and apo A-I(delta Ala190-Gln243), purified from the periplasmic space of Escherichia coli, were studied. The rate of turbidity decrease following mixing of apo A-I(delta Ala190-Gln243) with dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) vesicles at 23 degrees C was 10-fold lower than that of the other apo A-I proteins, confirming that the carboxy-terminal region of apo A-I plays a role in rapid lipid binding. The Stokes radii of reconstituted high-density lipoproteins (rHDL), containing dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine and cholesterol, were larger for the three apo A-I mutants [6.3 nm for apo A-I(delta Leu44-Leu126), 6.1 nm for apo A-I(delta Glu139-Leu170), and 6.5 nm for apo A-I(delta Ala190-Gln243)] than for intact apo A-I (5.0 nm). The mutant rHDL all contained 4 apo A-I molecules per particle as compared to 2 for intact apo A-I. Circular dichroism measurements revealed 8 alpha-helices per apo A-I molecule, 5 per apo A-I(delta Leu44-Leu126), 6 per apo A-I(delta Glu139-Leu170), and 4 per apo A-I(delta Ala190-Gln243) molecule as compared to predicted values of 8, 5, 6, and 6 alpha-helices, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailAdhesion and costimulatory molecules on human FDC in vitro.
Tsunoda, R.; Heinen, Ernst ULg; Imai, Y. et al

in Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (1995), 378

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See detailBiological-Activity Of Fenoxycarb Against Sitophilus-Zeamais Motsch (Coleoptera, Curculionidae)
Letellier, C.; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Gaspar, Charles ULg

in Journal of Stored Products Research (1995), 31(1),

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See detailLa coarctation de l'aorte isthmique (a l'exception des urgences néonatales)
Limet, Raymond ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1995), 50(7), 298-304

Même quand elle est une lésion isolée, la CA est une maladie grave qui altère l'espérance de vie. Les causes de mortalité sont les complications liées à l'hypertension, la rupture spontanée au niveau des ... [more ▼]

Même quand elle est une lésion isolée, la CA est une maladie grave qui altère l'espérance de vie. Les causes de mortalité sont les complications liées à l'hypertension, la rupture spontanée au niveau des dilatations pré- et poststénotiques, au niveau des intercostales, et les anévrysmes disséquants. Le traitement chirurgical, par résection-anastomose ou interposition de greffe, introduit il y a plus de 50 ans, est obéré d'une mortalité faible chez l'adulte (1,3 %). Il ne normalise pas toutefois l'espérance de vie du patient opéré, qui reste un patient à haut risque. Les complications tardives sont proportionnelles à l'importance de l'hypertension préopératoire et à l'âge du patient au moment de l'opération. La guérison de l'hypertension est mieux assurée si le patient a été opéré dans l'enfance. Le taux de resténose est élevé pour les CA opérées avant l'âge de deux ans. Un suivi cardio-vasculaire est indispensable chez tout opéré. [less ▲]

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See detailSerological and cutaneous testing of bovine tuberculosis with the A60 antigen complex from Mycobacterium bovis, strain Calmette-Guérin
Saegerman, Claude ULg

in Preventive Veterinary Medicine (1995), 23

A60, a major thermostable macromolecular antigen complex of Mycobacterium bovis strain Calmette-Guerin (BCG), is immunodominant in tuberculosis and able to elicit both humoral and cellular immune ... [more ▼]

A60, a major thermostable macromolecular antigen complex of Mycobacterium bovis strain Calmette-Guerin (BCG), is immunodominant in tuberculosis and able to elicit both humoral and cellular immune reactions in infected hosts. A60-based ELISA and cutaneous tests have been used, in conjunction with the PPD-based skin reaction, in a control group of healthy animals, and in a herd including tuberculous animals. Cutaneous testing with A60 yielded results comparable with those with PPD: both were negative with control cattle and positive with infected animals. Moreover, comparative cutaneous testing with avian tuberculin yielded similar results with PPD and A60. When animals from the infected herd were tested with both avian and bovine sensitins, 54% of cattle were diagnosed as fully positive, 26% suspect, and 20% negative. Serological analysis with the A60-ELISA of part of the infected herd yielded 74% positive, 21% suspect and 5% negative results. Thus, positivity was 74% for serological analysis and 54% for cutaneous testing, whereas positive plus suspect results were 95% for serological analysis and 80% for cutaneous testing. It can be concluded that A60 can be used in place of PPD for cutaneous testing in cattle, and that the diagnostic value of the A60-ELISA is superior to that of the PPD-cutaneous test. [less ▲]

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See detailThe quark propagator from the Dyson-Schwinger equations: (I). The chiral solution
Cudell, Jean-René ULg; Gentles, A. J.; Ross, D. A.

in Nuclear Physics B (1995), 440

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See detailSpatio-temporal aquatic vegetation patterns in former channels in relation to their isolation from the river Rhine (Eastern France)
Klein, J. P.; Robach, F.; Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg et al

in Acta Botanica Gallica : Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France (1995), 142

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See detailThe dexamethasone suppression test in violent suicide attempters with major depression.
Pitchot, William ULg; Hansenne, Michel ULg; Gonzalez Moreno, A. et al

in Biological Psychiatry (1995), 37(4), 273-4

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See detailThe effect of gonadal development and sex steroids on growth hormone secretion in the male tilapia hybrid (Oreochromis niloticus x O. aureus O;
Melamed, P.; Eliahu, N.; Ofir, M. et al

in Fish Physiology and Biochemistry (1995)

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See detailStreptomyces K15 active-site serine DD-transpeptidase: specificity profile for peptide, thiol ester and ester carbonyl donors and pathways of the transfer reactions.
Grandchamps, Jacqueline; Nguyen-Distèche, Martine ULg; Damblon, Christian ULg et al

in Biochemical Journal (1995), 307(Pt 2), 335-339

The Streptomyces K15 transferase is a penicillin-binding protein presumed to be involved in bacterial wall peptidoglycan crosslinking. It catalyses cleavage of the peptide, thiol ester or ester bond of ... [more ▼]

The Streptomyces K15 transferase is a penicillin-binding protein presumed to be involved in bacterial wall peptidoglycan crosslinking. It catalyses cleavage of the peptide, thiol ester or ester bond of carbonyl donors Z-R1-CONH-CHR2-COX-CHR3-COO- (where X is NH, S or O) and transfers the electrophilic group Z-R1-CONH-CHR2-CO to amino acceptors via an acyl-enzyme intermediate. Kinetic data suggest that the amino acceptor behaves as a simple alternative nucleophile at the level of the acyl-enzyme in the case of thiol ester and ester donors, and that it binds to the enzyme.carbonyl donor Michaelis complex and influences the rate of enzyme acylation by the carbonyl donor in the case of amide donors. Depending on the nature of the scissile bond, the enzyme has different requirements for substituents at positions R1, R2 and R3. [less ▲]

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See detailLe rôle de l'industrie de l'assurance dans le pilotage de la sécurité privée et de la politique de prévention
Lemaître, André ULg

in Déviance et Société (1995), 19(N°2), 159-168

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See detailprésentation de : Abbé Lhomond, De viris (les grands hommes de Rome), Latin/français, traduit et présenté par J. Gaillard, Paris, 1995
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Bulletin de la Fédération des Professeurs de Grec et de Latin (1995), 99

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See detailPolitics in the lifeboat. Immigrants and the American Democratic Order de J.C. Harles
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in International Migration Review (1995), 28(108), 900-901

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See detailActivation of leucocytes after prolonged physical exercise
Bury, Thierry ULg; PIRNAY, Freddy ULg

in Mediators of Inflammation (1995), 4

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See detailBeyond Borders. West European Migration Policy towards the 21st Century de S. Collinson
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Ethnic and Racial Studies (1995), 18(2), 421-422

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See detailDescription et interprétation stratigraphique de quatre sondages dans le Secondaire de la Gaume (Neulimont, Aubange, Saint-Mard et Toernich)
Boulvain, Frédéric ULg; Delsate, D.; Maubeuge, P. L.

in Professional Paper Belgian Geological Survey (1995), 277

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See detailRhythmic and Electrophysiological Study after Dynamic Cardiomyoplasty
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; Waleffe, André ULg; Gobin, Eric ULg et al

in Pacing & Clinical Electrophysiology (1995), 18(5, Pt 1), 965-72

To question the possible proarrhythmic effects of cardiomyoplasty (CMP), six adult goats were submitted to rhythmic and electrophysiological (EP) study 15 days before and 8 months after a posteroanterior ... [more ▼]

To question the possible proarrhythmic effects of cardiomyoplasty (CMP), six adult goats were submitted to rhythmic and electrophysiological (EP) study 15 days before and 8 months after a posteroanterior clockwise CMP procedure using Medtronic Cardiomyostimulator (CMS) (SP1005) and electrodes (SP5528) and completion of a progressive stimulation protocol. Pre and postoperative screening included a surface ECG, 24-hour Holter monitoring, high amplitude and filtered QRS averaging, and invasive EP study performed in the postoperative period with the CMS "ON" and "OFF." One-hour Holter recording with desynchronization of the CMS was obtained. Comparison of pre and postoperative ECG and rhythmic data showed no significant difference. High amplitude QRS averaging did not evidence meeting the usual criteria of late potentials. EP values were stable in both conditions and the aggressive EP program did not show evidence of increased susceptibility to arrhythmias. Asynchronous cardiomyostimulation did not induce arrhythmias. Our data strongly suggest that provided meticulous surgical technique is used, CMP does not significantly interfere with the electrical characteristics of the normal goat heart. The procedure, despite the disturbances it provokes, does not seem to be arrhythmogenic. The function of the CMS was always appropriate, even under stressful EP conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailRat heart-aorta cluster transplantation : a novel model to study transplant rejection
D'Silva, Milbhor; Candidas, D.; Lee, S. et al

in Transplant International (1995), (8), 298-306

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See detailEffects of a new oral contraceptive containing an antimineralocorticoid progestogen, drospirenone, on the renin-aldosterone system, body weight, blood pressure, glucose tolerance, and lipid metabolism.
Oelkers, W.; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg; Dombrovicz, N. et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (1995), 80(6), 1816-21

Combined hormonal oral contraceptives (OCs) may lead to a mild rise in blood pressure and body weight. In rare instances, large increments in blood pressure are measured. We investigated the effect of a ... [more ▼]

Combined hormonal oral contraceptives (OCs) may lead to a mild rise in blood pressure and body weight. In rare instances, large increments in blood pressure are measured. We investigated the effect of a combination of ethinyl estradiol (EE) plus a progestogen with antimineralocorticoid, i.e. natriuretic, properties [Drospirenone (DRSP)] on body weight, blood pressure, the renin-aldosterone system, atrial natriuretic factor, plasma lipids, and glucose tolerance. It is anticipated that this will lead to the development of an OC that does not raise body weight or blood pressure. Four groups of 20 women each received 30 micrograms EE plus 3 mg DRSP (group A), 20 micrograms EE plus 3 mg DRSP (group B), 15 micrograms EE plus 3 mg DRSP (group C), and, as a control OC, 30 micrograms EE plus 150 micrograms levonorgestrel (Microgynon, Schering; group D) for 6 months. During the OC-free control cycles before and after treatment and throughout treatment, the target parameters were measured. Between the pretreatment cycle and the sixth treatment cycle, mean body weight fell by 0.8 to 1.7 kg in groups A, B, and C (P < 0.05 vs. D), whereas it rose by 0.7 kg in group D. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures fell by 1-4 mm Hg in groups A, B, and C (significant for A and C vs. D) and increased by 1-2 mm Hg in group D. Renin substrate rose equally in all groups (P < 0.05), whereas PRA and plasma aldosterone rose significantly only in the DRSP groups, presumably due to sodium loss. In the DRSP groups, high density lipoprotein cholesterol rose (P < 0.05), in contrast to group D. Low density lipoprotein cholesterol fell slightly (P > 0.05), whereas triglyceride levels showed a stronger increase in the DRSP groups (P < 0.05) than in group D. All groups attained good cycle control; group A had the best. Side-effects were minimal. To our knowledge, this is the first report on a combined OC that leads to a small decrease in body weight and blood pressure. It may be especially beneficial for women susceptible for a gain in weight and a rise in blood pressure. The potential of a new oral contraceptive (OC) containing drospirenone (DRSP) to avert the moderate increases in body weight and blood pressure often associated with use of existing combined OCs was investigated in a study of four groups of 20 German women each. Group A received 30 mcg of ethinyl estradiol (EE) and 3 mg of DRSP, Group B was administered 20 mcg of EE and 3 mg of DRSP, Group C received 15 mcg of EE and 3 mg of DRSP, and Group D was given a standard OC containing 30 mcg of EE and 150 mcg of levonorgestrel. Between the pretreatment cycle and the last (sixth) treatment cycle, mean body weight fell by 0.8-1.7 kg in Groups A, B, and C, but rose by 0.7 kg in Group D. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures fell by 1-4 mm Hg in Groups A, B, and C and rose by 1-2 mm Hg in Group D. Renin substrate rose equally in all four groups, while plasma renin activity, plasma aldosterone, and high density lipoprotein cholesterol rose significantly only in the three DRSP groups and serum triglyceride levels were significantly higher in Group D than in the three DRSP groups. Glucose tolerance increases were similar in all four groups. Finally, all groups--but especially Group A--experienced good cycle control and there were no serious side effects. These findings suggest that a combined OC containing DRSP may be especially beneficial for women who have a tendency to gain weight or experience a rise in blood pressure while taking OCs. [less ▲]

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See detailExpertise scientifique et action publique : le cas du changement climatique dans trois pays européens
Mormont, Marc ULg; Dasnoy, Christine ULg

in Natures Sciences Sociétés (1995), 3(&), 16-25

L'expertise scientifique du changement climatique fait l'objet d'une réception très différente en France, en Allemagne et en Belgique. cet état de fait semble lié à la fois à des configurations politiques ... [more ▼]

L'expertise scientifique du changement climatique fait l'objet d'une réception très différente en France, en Allemagne et en Belgique. cet état de fait semble lié à la fois à des configurations politiques différentes, à des procédures spécifiques mais aussi aux stratégies des scientifiques lesquelles dépendent de leur anticipation de cette réception. Cette stratégie des "sources" d'information ne laisse pas de poser des questions sur l'expertise. [less ▲]

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See detailLiège aussi doit rêver. A propos d'un monument et d'une fontaine sur la place Saint-Lambert
George, Philippe ULg

in chronique de la société royale Le Vieux-Liège (1995)

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See detailLes allogreffes veineuses pour sauvetage des membres inférieurs: espoirs et réalité
VAN DAMME, Hendrik ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1995), 50(10), 433-42

La veine saphène interne est le matériel de pontage de premier choix pour les revascularisations de membres au-dessous du pli de l'aine. Elle n'est néanmoins pas disponible chez près de 20 % des candidats ... [more ▼]

La veine saphène interne est le matériel de pontage de premier choix pour les revascularisations de membres au-dessous du pli de l'aine. Elle n'est néanmoins pas disponible chez près de 20 % des candidats à une chirurgie infra-inguinale, soit parce qu'elle a déjà été utilisée antérieurement, soit à cause de varicose ou d'un calibre trop petit. Ces dernières années ont vu apparaître dans la littérature un regain d'intérêt pour la veine saphène allologue, prélevée chez un donneur d'organes ou préparée à partir de segments de veine saphène strippée. Les auteurs en discutent les avantages théoriques et les modalités de conservation. Des travaux expérimentaux ont été suivis par des séries cliniques encore limitées en nombre et en temps de suivi. Les auteurs en discutent les résultats publiés. Une courte série (12 cas) dans notre département est décrite. Cette expérience limitée et une revue exhaustive de la littérature permettent de conclure que les allogreffes veineuses sont à réserver pour les sauvetages de jambes (lésions infrapoplitées) lorsque la veine autologue n'est pas disponible, en tant que solution de dernier recours. [less ▲]

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See detailLichens and lichenicolous fungi on Laing Island (Papua New Guinea)
Aptroot, André; Diederich, Paul; Sérusiaux, Emmanuël ULg et al

in Bibliotheca Lichenologica (1995), 57

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See detailRenouvellement de la couche cornée
Pierard, Gérald ULg; Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Pierard-Franchimont, Claudine ULg

in Desquamation Adhesion (1995)

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See detail"L'effervescence a gagné la cité". A propos d'un monument et d'une fontaine sur la place Saint-Lambert
George, Philippe ULg

in Chronique de la Société Royale Le Vieux-Liège (1995)

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See detailLa physiologie de la valvule mitrale
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1995), 50(7), 289-91

Faisant suite à une revue de l'anatomie de l'appareil mitral, les auteurs envisagent la physiologie de la valvule mitrale en étudiant les quatre phénomènes distincts que sont la contraction auriculaire ... [more ▼]

Faisant suite à une revue de l'anatomie de l'appareil mitral, les auteurs envisagent la physiologie de la valvule mitrale en étudiant les quatre phénomènes distincts que sont la contraction auriculaire, la dynamique de l'anneau, les mouvements de la valvule et la dynamique du flux mitral, ainsi que le jeu des muscles papillaires. Cette subdivision didactique ne doit pas estomper le fait que c'est l'intégration de ces phénomènes qui contribue à l'efficacité de la valvule. [less ▲]

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See detailNonfibrous mineralogical analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from blast-furnace workers.
CORHAY, Jean-Louis ULg; Bury, Thierry ULg; Delavignette, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Archives of Environmental Health (1995), 50(4), 312-9

Steelworkers are exposed to many pollutants, and they are at risk for developing lung cancer. We demonstrated previously that steelworkers may be subject to an occult exposure to amphiboles in the plant ... [more ▼]

Steelworkers are exposed to many pollutants, and they are at risk for developing lung cancer. We demonstrated previously that steelworkers may be subject to an occult exposure to amphiboles in the plant environment. In the current study, we further analyzed bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of steelworkers by measuring intramacrophagic trace-metal content and nonfibrous mineral particles, using the particle-induced x-ray emission method and electron microscopy, respectively. Forty-seven blast-furnace workers and 45 healthy white-collar workers volunteered for this study. Significantly increased levels of iron, titanium, zinc, and bromine were found in the steelworkers, and levels of lead, chromium, arsenic, and strontium tended to increase in the macrophages and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of the steelworkers. Nonfibrous particles, including illite, kaolinite, talc, chlorite, amorphous silica, quartz, iron (compounds), and titanium hydroxide, were found in both groups, but the particle number per ml bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (particularly iron hydroxides and silicates) was more pronounced in blast-furnace workers. These elements and particles may act synergistically with other occupational carcinogens and cigarette smoke, the result of which may be an increased incidence of lung cancer in the ironsteel industry. [less ▲]

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