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See detailAdaptations of the hemoglobinless Antarctic icefish (Channichthyidae) to hypoxia tolerance
Feller, Georges ULg; Gerday, Charles ULg

in Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology Part A : Molecular & Integrative Physiology (1997), 118(4), 981-987

Antarctic fish of the family Channichthyidae, or icefish, represent a unique model for the study of physiological and biochemical responses to chronic hypoxia since the genes coding for hemoglobin and ... [more ▼]

Antarctic fish of the family Channichthyidae, or icefish, represent a unique model for the study of physiological and biochemical responses to chronic hypoxia since the genes coding for hemoglobin and possible myoglobin are not expressed by these teleosts. Channichthyidae have developed outstanding cardio-vascular adaptations to accommodate the lack of these hemic pigments, most of them involving the myocardium. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailA method to correct the shape of pressure waves obtained from pulmonary fluid-filled catheters
LAMBERMONT, Bernard ULg; GERARD, P; DETRY, Olivier ULg et al

in American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine (1997), 2

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See detailBWGIC guidelines for training and quality control in adult interventional cardiology. Belgian Working Group of Invasive Cardiology.
Legrand, Victor ULg; Vrolix, M.; De Bruyne, B. et al

in Acta cardiologica (1997), 52(6), 507-14

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See detailEvidence For The Assignment Of Two Strains Of Splv To The Genus Potyvirus Based On Coat Protein And 3' Non-Coding Region Sequence Data
Colinet, Dominique; Kummert, Jean; Lepoivre, Philippe ULg

in Virus Research (1997), 49(1), 91-100

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See detailGEQUAC, an Excess Gibbs Energy Model for Simulta¬neous Description of Associat-ing and Non-Associating Liquid Mixtures
Egner, K; Gaube, J; Pfennig, Andreas ULg

in Berichte der Bunsengesellschaft für physikalische Chemie (1997), 101(2), 209-218

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See detailSurface-active properties of surfactin iturin A mixtures produced by Bacillus subtilis
Razafindralambo, Hary ULg; Popineau, Yves; Deleu, Magali ULg et al

in Langmuir (1997), 13(23), 6026-6031

Surface-active properties including dynamic adsorption, monolayer stability, micelle forming capacity, and foaming aptitudes of surfactin-C-15/iturin A-C-15 mixtures were studied. Surfactin-C-15 and ... [more ▼]

Surface-active properties including dynamic adsorption, monolayer stability, micelle forming capacity, and foaming aptitudes of surfactin-C-15/iturin A-C-15 mixtures were studied. Surfactin-C-15 and iturin A-C-15 molecules interact in synergism on the most surface-active properties evaluated at 20 degrees C at the air-water interface and in aqueous solution (pH 8.0). The synergism is positive on the adsorption effect, monolayer stability, foam density, and liquid stability in foam, whereas it is negative on the adsorption rate. No synergism occurs an micelle forming capacity, but surfactin-C-15 and iturin A-C-15 form mixed micelles when the solution contains a low proportion of surfactin-C-15.ses the synergistic effect is maximum when surfactin-C-15 and iturin A-C-15 molecules are mixed in a 2:3 ratio. This is attributed to the surfactin/iturin A complex formation resulting from specific interactions among two surfactin-C-15 molecules and three iturin A-C-15 molecules. A model of such a complex formation is proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailFusion Of Bovine Leukemia Virus With Target Cells Monitored By R18 Fluorescence And Pcr Assays
Zarkik, S.; Defrisequertain, F.; Portetelle, Daniel ULg et al

in Journal of Virology (1997), 71(1),

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See detailAbdominal sequelae after pedicled TRAM flap breast reconstruction
PETIT, JY; RIETJENS, M; FERREIRA, M et al

in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (1997), 99

A considerable interest in autologous tissue breast reconstructions has developed recently, especially since Food and Drug Administration (FDA) experts have raised the polemic on silicone implants ... [more ▼]

A considerable interest in autologous tissue breast reconstructions has developed recently, especially since Food and Drug Administration (FDA) experts have raised the polemic on silicone implants. Although such enthusiasm for the transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap is justified in what concerns the final cosmetic result of the reconstructed breast, the risk of abdominal sequelae should be explained to the patient. Abdominal scarring, parietal weakness, strength loss, and back pain have been recorded in a series of pedicled TRAM flap reconstructions performed at the Institut Gustave-Roussy before 1991. Cosmetic results of the abdomen were tested by three independent judges on the photographs taken of 132 patients. The global appearance of the abdomen was rated as "natural" in 70 percent of the patients. The umbilical scar was unacceptable in 25 percent and very good or not visible in 21 percent. The lower abdominal scar was rated as "not acceptable" in 35 percent. Abdominal strength was tested among the 38 patients who underwent both preoperative and postoperative muscular testing, of whom 18 had single-pedicled and 20 had bipedicled TRAM flap reconstructions. In the first group, the physiotherapist observed an impairment of function of the upper portion of the rectus abdominis and of the oblique muscle in almost 50 percent. In the second group, the same muscles were more severely impaired (in 60 percent), as well as the function of the lower portion of the rectus (in 15 percent). The percentage of patients complaining of "light back pain" in the 6-month postoperative period was 55 percent in the single-pedicle group and 30 percent in the double-pedicle group. However, 20 percent of the bipedicled patients complained of "severe" back pain, while there was none in the single-pedicled group. In conclusion, abdominal sequelae after TRAM flap breast reconstruction should not be underestimated and constitute one of the drawbacks of the technique when it is compared with reconstruction with a prosthesis. [less ▲]

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See detailLes moyens de se prémunir contre la défaillance de ses cocontractants
Georges, Frédéric ULg

in Actualités du Droit (1997)

Cette contribution commentait l'impact de la réforme de 1997 du droit de l'insolvabilité sur les droits des créanciers

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See detailAppraisal of the validity of histamine-induced wheal and flare to predict the clinical efficacy of antihistamines.
Monroe, E. W.; Daly, Adrian ULg; Shalhoub, R. F.

in Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (The) (1997), 99(2), 798-806

Antihistaminic drugs have been used successfully for many years in the treatment of allergic diseases. Second-generation antihistamines have fewer sedating side effects than first-generation agents, and ... [more ▼]

Antihistaminic drugs have been used successfully for many years in the treatment of allergic diseases. Second-generation antihistamines have fewer sedating side effects than first-generation agents, and the number of newer drugs available for clinical use is growing. Various methods have been used to assess antihistaminic activity, the most popular of which is the epicutaneous histamine-induced wheal and flare. This test relies on the ability of epicutaneously injected histamine to bring about the wheal and flare, a neurovascular response that involves reflex vasodilation (flare) and local swelling caused by plasma extravasation (wheal). Antihistamines have been compared on the basis of their ability to block the histamine-induced wheal and flare in the skin. Results of these trials have been applied to predict the global antiallergic efficacy of various antihistamines. The review has examined the reliability of suppression of the histamine wheal and flare reaction in the skin to predict an antihistamine's clinical efficacy in two common allergic diseases seasonal allergic rhinitis and chronic idiopathic urticaria. Although histamine is one mediator in the allergic response in the skin and nasal mucosa, many other agents are important modulators of the allergic response. In addition, the major structural and functional differences that exist between the nasal mucosa and the skin affect the type of local response. These manifest themselves as differences between the responses to antigen and histamine challenge in the skin and the nose. The allergic responses in these tissues are not simply the consequence of one chemical but are the result of a cascade of interactions among various cells and mediators. The clinical manifestations of these complex interactions obviously cannot be fully replicated by injection of one chemical mediator, histamine, into the outer layer of the skin. Studies with antihistamines have shown that certain drugs, such as cetirizine, are more suppressive than others (loratadine, terfenadine) in controlling the histamine-induced wheal and flare reaction in the skin. When the clinical efficacy of these medications is compared in clinical trials in seasonal allergic rhinitis and chronic idiopathic urticaria, all are equally efficacious in controlling symptoms. Although the histamine-induced wheal and flare reaction can serve as a useful clinical pharmacologic test to assess dose-response relations for an antihistamine, its lack of correlation with clinical responses among antihistamines indicates that this model should not be used to predict or compare clinical efficacies of antihistamines in seasonal allergic rhinitis and chronic idiopathic urticaria. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of results of carotid artery surgery after either direct closure or use of a vein patch.
Desiron, Quentin ULg; Detry, Olivier ULg; Van Damme, Hendrik ULg et al

in Cardiovascular Surgery (1997), 5(3), 295-303

In order to assess the benefit of vein patching versus direct closure after carotid endarterectomy, a series of 2271 carotid operations were analysed retrospectively. Apart from 114 procedures consisting ... [more ▼]

In order to assess the benefit of vein patching versus direct closure after carotid endarterectomy, a series of 2271 carotid operations were analysed retrospectively. Apart from 114 procedures consisting of saphenous vein bypass (n = 29) and eversion endarterectomy (n = 85), 2157 open endarterectomies were performed. They were closed either directly (n = 837) or using a vein patch (n = 1320). The combined mortality-major neurological morbidity rate was 1.7%, i.e. 1% mortality (0.2% neurological) and 0.7% permanent neurological morbidity (0.5% ipsilateral to the operated artery). Early symptomatic internal carotid thrombosis was documented in six cases (four following direct closure and two after vein patching). A total of 827 carotid arteries were followed up by duplex scanning on an annual basis (244 direct closure and 583 vein patching). The mean follow-up was 44 months; 69 months for direct closure and 35 months for vein patching. In direct closure, there were 21 stenoses (9%) and 10 occult thromboses (4%); in vein patching carotids, there were 17 stenoses (3%), nine thromboses (1.8%) [corrected] and six pseudoaneurysms (1%). Annual incidence of poor results was 2.4% in direct closure, and 0.87% in vein patching. The only other factor responsible for a significant difference was gender (3.4% in women versus 2.1% in men). In this retrospective study, vein patching appears to be beneficial for the prevention of acute postoperative thrombosis and late stenosis or thrombosis. [less ▲]

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See detailStudies on the O-J-I-P transient of chlorophyll fluorescence in relation to photosystem II assembly and heterogeneity in plastids of greening barley
Barthelemy, X.; Popovic, R.; Franck, Fabrice ULg

in Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B : Biology (1997), 39(3), 213-218

The polyphasic variable fluorescence in saturating light (O-J-I-P transient, Strasser et al. (1995) Photochem. Photobiol. 61: 21-42) has been investigated in etiochloroplasts during the greening of ... [more ▼]

The polyphasic variable fluorescence in saturating light (O-J-I-P transient, Strasser et al. (1995) Photochem. Photobiol. 61: 21-42) has been investigated in etiochloroplasts during the greening of etiolated leaves of Hordeum vulgare. The initial photochemical phase (O-J) due to reduction of the primary quinone acceptor Q(A) was found to represent a constant proportion (65-70%) of total variable fluorescence independent of greening time. The partial fluorescence quenching in the Q(A)-reduced state seems, therefore, to represent a basic property of PSII electron transport. The biphasic character of the slower J-I-P transient due to reduction of the plastoquinone pool developed progressively during the first hours of greening. in the same period of lime the proportion and rate constant of rapid PSII alpha sub-population increased, as calculated from the induction curve in the presence of DCMU. Etiochloroplasts or chloroplasts resuspended in low salt medium showed a low I level, which was restored upon readdition of 5 mM MgCl2 and NaCl. Salts also increased the apparent proportion of PSII alpha. These results suggest that the J-I and I-P phases of the induction curve are related to different rates of plastoquinone photoreduction by two distinct PSII populations. The effects of DMQ and of DCBQ on the O-J-I-P transient were also studied in (etio-)chloroplasts, In addition to the already reported quenching of the initial (F-0) and variable fluorescence by DCBQ, a slow fluorescence increase phase was found to appear upon the addition of DCBQ but not of DMQ. The latter observations confirm that DCBQ differs from DMQ by its higher efficiency as PSII electron acceptor. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science S.A. [less ▲]

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See detailUsefulness of Induced Sputum Analysis in Pulmonary Diseases
Kayembe, J. M.; Louis, Renaud ULg; Corhay, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (1997), 52(2), 106-11

In this study, we analysed the cellular component of induced sputum in healthy control subjects (n = 30), asthmatics (n = 44), patients suffering from COPD (n = 15), pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) (n = 14 ... [more ▼]

In this study, we analysed the cellular component of induced sputum in healthy control subjects (n = 30), asthmatics (n = 44), patients suffering from COPD (n = 15), pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) (n = 14) and healthy steel workers (HSW) (n = 14). [less ▲]

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See detailHerpesvirus Of Turkeys Homologue Of Hsv Vp16 Is Structurally Related To Varicella Zoster Virus Trans-Inducing Protein Encoded By Orf 10
Kopacek, J.; Zelnik, V.; Brasseur, Robert ULg et al

in Virus Genes (1997), 15(1), 45-52

Expression of the immediate-early genes of alpha-herpesviruses is stimulated by a family of trans-inducing factors represented by VP16 of HSV-1 and ORF10 gene product of VZV. We have identified and ... [more ▼]

Expression of the immediate-early genes of alpha-herpesviruses is stimulated by a family of trans-inducing factors represented by VP16 of HSV-1 and ORF10 gene product of VZV. We have identified and determined the nucleotide sequence of the UL48 gene encoding the herpesvirus of turkeys (HVT) homologue of HSV VP16. The gene maps to the BamHI-J fragment and appears to be expressed in a form of bicistronic transcript together with UL49. The deduced amino acid sequence of the protein encoded by HVT UL48 gene shows 55% identity with MDV UL48 gene product. Like the majority of related proteins in other alpha-herpesviruses, the protein encoded by HVT UL48 gene lacks the acidic C-terminal tail, known to possess the transactivation capacity of HSV VP16. Hydrophobic cluster analysis has revealed that its predicted domain composition is closely related to the transactivator protein encoded by ORF10 of VZV. However, the putative amino-terminal activation domain of the HVT homologue of HSV VP16 does not contain a typical horseshoe-like hydrophobic cluster found in other alpha-herpesvirus homologues, suggesting either that it acts as a transactivator via a different activation domain or that its transactivation potential is diminished. [less ▲]

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See detailPolarization dependence of the exchange energy
Gonze, X.; Ghosez, Philippe ULg; Godby, R. W.

in Physical Review Letters (1997), 78(10), 2029-2029

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See detailcompte rendu de : Les Grecs et l'Occident. Actes du colloque de la Villa "Kérylos" (1991), Rome, 1995
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (1997), 75(1), 156-158

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See detailSoluble and cell-associated transferrin receptor in lung cancer.
Dowlati, A.; Loo; Bury, Thierry ULg et al

in British Journal of Cancer (1997), 75(12), 1802-6

The expression of transferrin receptor (TfR) has been identified in many malignant tumours. In lung cancer, lymphoma and breast cancer, it has been shown that the expression of TfR correlates with tumour ... [more ▼]

The expression of transferrin receptor (TfR) has been identified in many malignant tumours. In lung cancer, lymphoma and breast cancer, it has been shown that the expression of TfR correlates with tumour differentiation, probably implying some prognostic value. A soluble form of TfR (sTfR) in human serum has been shown to be proportional to the number of cellular TfRs. Based on these data we examined the utility of measuring sTfR in the serum and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid of patients with lung cancer (n = 32) and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (n = 22). BAL fluid was centrifuged to separate the supernatant from the cellular component. Cells were lysed in a detergent and cell-associated TfR was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and expressed as ng 10(-6) cells in this cellular component. There was no difference in serum sTfR between the cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) groups. A higher level of cell-associated TfR was found in BAL of non-small-cell lung cancer patients than in COPD patients (P = 0.01). The calculated number of TfR molecules per cell in BAL correlated positively with the percentage of macrophages in BAL (P < 0.0001), suggesting that cell-associated TfR in BAL originates primarily from macrophages in this fluid. No correlation existed between BAL cell-associated TfR and tumour size, nodal status, the presence of metastases and serum sTfR. BAL cell-associated TfR was negatively correlated with BAL supernatant neuron-specific enolase (NSE) (P = 0.01). A combination of BAL supernatant NSE and cell-associated TfR detected lung cancer with a sensitivity of 91%, a specificity of 59% and positive and negative predictive values of 81% and 71% respectively. In conclusion, BAL cell-associated TfR may help in the differential diagnosis of lung cancer vs pneumonia. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence du stade de maturité de la plante de maïs récoltée pour ensilage sur la composition, la digestibilité apparente, les caractéristiques de fermentation dans le rumen et les performances zootechniques chez le taurillon
Mayombo, Asangule Pierre; Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg et al

in Animal Research (1997), 46(1), 43-55

Un maïs plante entière a été ensilé à trois stades de maturité différents (S1, S2, S3) correspondant à des teneurs respectives en matière sèche de 25,1 (S1), 29,8 (S2) et 32,3 % (S3). La production de ... [more ▼]

Un maïs plante entière a été ensilé à trois stades de maturité différents (S1, S2, S3) correspondant à des teneurs respectives en matière sèche de 25,1 (S1), 29,8 (S2) et 32,3 % (S3). La production de matière sèche s'élevait à 10,7 ; 11,1 et 11,7 tonnes par hectare. Chacun de ces ensilages, distribué à des taureaux à l'engraissement, a été supplémenté par des pulpes séchées, du tourteau de soja, des sels minéraux et des vitamines. Le stade de maturité n'a pas affecté les teneurs en cendres, cendres insolubles, extrait éthéré ou protéines ; cependant une réduction significative de la teneur en fibre ADF a été enregistrée avec S3. La digestibilité de la matière sèche et de la matière organique de la ration mesurée in vivo sur des taureaux en cages à bilan ainsi que celle du maïs ensilage n'ont pas été non plus influencées par le stade de maturité. En revanche, la digestibilité de la fibre ADF a été significativement plus faible pour S3 par rapport à S1 et S2 (62,1 vs 67,2 ou 65,6 %, p < 0,05 pour la ration; 54,1 vs 63,3 ou 60,7 %, p < 0,001 pour le maïs). Quant aux potentialités du rumen à dégrader les aliments, il est à noter que la dégradabilité totale par la méthode in sacco des différents composants testés a été supérieure dans le rumen des animaux qui recevaient le maïs à teneur en matière sèche élevée. Il n'y a pas eu d'effets significatifs du stade de maturité sur les performances animales durant un essai de 5,5 mois dans le cas d'une alimentation ad libitum. A partir de l'indice de consommation, du gain total de poids vif et de la production de matière sèche par hectare, il était possible d'estimer que 13,8, 14,2 et 15,7 taurillons pouvaient être engraissés respectivement à partir des ensilages de maïs S1, S2 et S3 produits par ha. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergy savings in methanol synthesis: Use of heat integration techniques and simulation tools.
Maréchal, François; Heyen, Georges ULg; Kalitventzeff, Boris ULg

in Computers & Chemical Engineering (1997), 21(Suppl. S), 511-516

Starting with a classical process for producing methanol using the reforming and synthesis steps, a combined approach applying simulation models and a new synthesis strategy, named Effect Modelling and ... [more ▼]

Starting with a classical process for producing methanol using the reforming and synthesis steps, a combined approach applying simulation models and a new synthesis strategy, named Effect Modelling and Optimisation (EMO), has been used to optimise the energy efficiency of the process. The method allows to identify different ways of improving the energy efficiency of the process. The modifications concern the synthesis reactor and the reforming reactor designs, the exploitation of the purge stream as fuel gas to satisfy the process requirement and its integration to a gas turbine system. The EMO approach allows to target the impact of a process modification at the global level of the energy cost of the process, including the combined production of heat and mechanical power in a gas turbine and the steam network. Starting with a classical methane conversion of 60% for the classical system, we identify solutions with up to 93% of the overall methane conversion when we transform the net mechanical power produced into methane savings at the country level. The interest of the approach is the possibility of computing the impact of the process modifications suggested by the analysis of the shape of the heat cascade on the overall energy balance of the plant without having to simulate in many details the steam and the heat exchanger network. [less ▲]

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See detailNanoindentation and scanning force microscopy as a novel method for the characterization of tribological transfer films
Randall, N. X.; Bozet, Jean-Luc ULg

in Wear (1997), 212(1), 18-24

In conventional pin-on-disk testing of the tribological characteristics of two different materials in sliding contact, the main parameters of interest are notably the friction and wear properties of the ... [more ▼]

In conventional pin-on-disk testing of the tribological characteristics of two different materials in sliding contact, the main parameters of interest are notably the friction and wear properties of the material pair. However, when two bodies consisting of hard and soft materials respectively are subjected to such testing, the appearance of a transfer film, or third body, which can be a composite mixture of the two, is often observed. Until now the characterization of transfer films in terms of their mechanical properties has been hampered by their nonhomogeneous distribution across a tested surface, their small size, low thickness and the difficulty in accurately positioning a test probe such that the film properties can be measured independently from those of the substrate. In this paper a new method is introduced, consisting of nanoindentation and scanning force microscopy (SFM), which is capable of highly localized indentation testing of a specified sample site with high resolution imaging of the area prior to and after indentation. In this way the hardness and modulus of a transfer film can be obtained, as well as valuable surface topographical information concerning the material response to the indentation. Measurements are presented for the material pair A286/polyimide after testing on a pin-on-disk tribometer in ambient air and liquid nitrogen. Distinct variations in hardness between the transfer films and their contacting bodies have een observed and correlated to the wear behaviour and testing environment. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science S.A. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of Clostridium perfringens isolates from goats.
Phukan, A.; Dutta, G.-N.; Daube, Georges ULg et al

in Indian Veterinary Journal (The) (1997), 74

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See detailBankfull discharge recurrence interval in gravel bed rivers
Petit, François ULg; Pauquet, A.

in Earth Surface Processes & Landforms (1997)

Bankfull discharge was identified in some 30 gravel-bed rivers representing in total c. 40 gauging stations. The catchment sizes vary from 4km2 to nearly 2700km2. Bankfull discharge values increases with ... [more ▼]

Bankfull discharge was identified in some 30 gravel-bed rivers representing in total c. 40 gauging stations. The catchment sizes vary from 4km2 to nearly 2700km2. Bankfull discharge values increases with basin size. In the case of gravel-bed rivers developed on an impermeable substratum, the following equation emerges: Qb=0·087 A1·044. Bankfull discharge recurrence interval was determined by fitting maximum annual floods (Ta) into Gumbel’s distribution and then using the partial duration series (Tp) in this same distribution. Recurrence interval is below 0·7 years (Tp) for small pebble-bed rivers developed on an impermeable substratum; it reaches 1·1 to 1·5 years when the catchment size of these rivers exceeds 250km2. Rivers incised in the soft schists of the Famenne show larger channel capacity at bankfull stage, a small width/depth ratio and thus higher recurrence intervals (1·4–5·3 years with Ta and 1–4·4 years with Tp). Baseflow-dominated gravel-bed streams and sandy or silty rivers experience less frequent bankfull discharges, with a recurrence interval higher than 2 or even 3 years (Tp). [less ▲]

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See detailRisultati clinici ed angiografici immediati ed a lungo termine dello stent Wiktor nel trattamento delle occlusioni coronariche croniche.
Anzuini, A.; Rosanio, S.; Legrand, Victor ULg et al

in Giornale italiano di cardiologia (1997), 27(9), 881-91

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) of chronic total coronary artery occlusions is associated with very high restenosis and reocclusion rates. Coronary stenting has been ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) of chronic total coronary artery occlusions is associated with very high restenosis and reocclusion rates. Coronary stenting has been proposed as a means of improving outcome. However, the Wiktor device for chronic coronary occlusion has never been tested in a large patient sample. This study reports the first multicenter experience with the Wiktor stent for treatment of chronic occlusions. METHODS: From January 1993 to December 1996, 89 consecutive patients with 91 chronic occlusions underwent Wiktor stent implantation after successful PTCA. Post-stenting regimen consisted of coumadin plus aspirin in the first 49 (55%) patients and aspirin plus ticlopidine in the following 40 (45%). RESULTS: Stenting was successful in 87 (98%) patients. At 1 month, 6% of patients had subacute stent thrombosis, 1% access-site complications and 3% major bleeding events. Stent thrombosis showed a univariate association with coumadin therapy (p = 0.009). Angiographic follow-up was obtained in 93% of 82 eligible patients. Restenosis rate was 32%, including 4% reocclusions. Through multiple logistic regression analysis, restenosis was independently associated with multiple stents (odds ratio-OR = 27.67, 95% confidence interval-CI = 4.25 to 79.95, p = 0.0008) and increasing values of occlusion length (OR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.09 to 1.39, p = 0.001). Freedom from death, myocardial infarction or stented vessel revascularization was 87 and 72% at one and three years, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Short- and long-term clinical and angiographic outcomes are favorable in patients undergoing Wiktor stent implantation for chronic coronary occlusion. Further technical refinements are needed to reduce restenosis rate in patients with long lesions and multiple stents. [less ▲]

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See detailThree new species of Opegraphaceae (Lichens) from the Namib desert
Egea, J.M.; Sérusiaux, Emmanuël ULg; Torrente, Pilar et al

in Mycotaxon (1997), 61

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See detailInfluence of whole milk in diet of growing fattening Belgian Blue bulls on animal performances and on fatty acid composition in subcutaneous, intermuscular and intramuscular fats
Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg; Clinquart, Antoine ULg; Van Eenaeme, Christian ULg et al

in Livestock Production Science (1997), 48

Influence of milk in diet of growing fattening Belgian Blue bulls on animal performances and on fatty acid composition in subcutaneous, intermuscular and intramuscular fats. The use of milk as component ... [more ▼]

Influence of milk in diet of growing fattening Belgian Blue bulls on animal performances and on fatty acid composition in subcutaneous, intermuscular and intramuscular fats. The use of milk as component of a fattening diet for bulls was studied in an experiment carried-out over 2 years with Belgian Blue bulls. The animals weighed 305 kg at the beginning of the experiment. In all, 15 bulls were given a control concentrate fattening diet (control group, CG), while 11 others were fed concentrate plus 6.5 to 11 1 whole milk per day according to weight or age (milk group, MG). The fattening period lasted for 174 and 181 d respectively in groups CG and MG. The MG-group had a higher killing-out percentage (P < 0.01) and the meat was characterized by a lower b* value and a lower dry matter content (P < 0.1). Whole milk in the diet increased the proportion of shorter chain and saturated fatty acids in fat (P < 0.001) and reduced the proportion of mono- and polyunsaturated acids (P < 0.05; P < 0.1). The extent of the changes were larger in subcutaneous and intermuscular fats than in intramuscular fat. [less ▲]

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See detailTotal cholesterol levels during adolescence: results of a Belgian MONICA population
Paulus, D.; Saint-Remy, Annie ULg; Rorive, Georges ULg et al

in Acta Cardiologica (1997), 52(2), 182-183

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See detailThe Nucleotide Sequence Of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Chromosome Vii
Tettelin, H.; Carbone, Mla.; Albermann, K. et al

in Nature (1997), 387(6632),

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See detailAbsolute Configuration Of The Isopyoverdin Chromophore
Michalke, R.; Taraz, K.; Budzikiewicz, H. et al

in Zeitschrift Fur Naturforschung C-A Journal of Biosciences (1997), 52(7-8), 549-550

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See detailPerspective in the treatment of insulin resistance.
Scheen, André ULg

in Human Reproduction (1997), 12 Suppl 1

Improving the action of insulin is a relatively new concept in therapy. It should, however, become more and more important because of the rapid expansion of the insulin resistance syndrome (including ... [more ▼]

Improving the action of insulin is a relatively new concept in therapy. It should, however, become more and more important because of the rapid expansion of the insulin resistance syndrome (including upper body adiposity, glucose intolerance, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, etc.) in industrialized countries and its dramatic consequences for public health. Insulin sensitivity can be improved by non-pharmacological means, essentially reduction of excessive body weight, promotion of regular physical activity and modification of dietary habits, as well as, possibly, cessation of smoking and correction of subclinical magnesium deficiency. Currently available pharmacological means mainly include the biguanide compound metformin and possibly anti-obesity agents, such as (d-) fenfluramine, fluoxetine and benfluorex. New compounds aiming at improving the action of insulin are in development, especially the thiazolidinedione derivatives (e.g. troglitazone), known as 'insulin sensitizers'. Treatment of insulin resistance may have important gynaecological applications, essentially in polycystic ovary syndrome and, possibly, after menopause. Hopefully, improving insulin sensitivity could ameliorate the cardiovascular prognosis of numerous individuals having some or all components of insulin resistance syndrome. [less ▲]

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See detailA la mémoire de Daniel P. Bobon, Mafhoud Boucebci, Amadeo Sanchez Blanque, Jean Mirel
Mormont, Christian ULg

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (1997), 97(Suppl. 1), 2-7

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See detailBeam-laser measurements and relativistic Hartree-Fock calculations of the lifetimes of the 4d95p levels in Ag II
Biémont, Emile ULg; Pinnington, E. H.; Kernahan, J. A. et al

in Journal of Physics : B Atomic Molecular & Optical Physics (1997), 30

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See detailMusaespora kalbii (lichenized Ascomycetes: Melanommatales), a new foliicolous lichen with a pantropical distribution
Lücking, Robert; Sérusiaux, Emmanuël ULg

in Nordic Journal of Botany (1997), 16

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See detailTricho-hepato-enteric syndrome: further delineation of a distinct syndrome with neonatal hemochromatosis phenotype, intractable diarrhea, and hair anomalies.
Verloes, A.; Lombet, J.; Lambert, Yves ULg et al

in American Journal of Medical Genetics (1997), 68(4), 391-5

We report on two sibs with syndromal congenital iron storage disease. Prenatal symptoms were IUGR, hydramnios, and placental hyperplasia. Clinical anomalies included hypertelorism and sparse, thin, curly ... [more ▼]

We report on two sibs with syndromal congenital iron storage disease. Prenatal symptoms were IUGR, hydramnios, and placental hyperplasia. Clinical anomalies included hypertelorism and sparse, thin, curly hair (trichomalacia). Clinical course was marked by intractable diarrhoea, with normal histological and enzymological studies, cholestatic jaundice, hepatomegaly appearing after 30 days, and progressive liver failure, leading to death after a few months. The only metabolic anomaly was progressive hypermethioninemia. Pathologic examination of both children showed a similar pattern of multivisceral iron deposit compatible with a diagnosis of neonatal hemochromatosis: extensive liver fibrosis or cirrhosis with nodular regeneration, cholestasis, ductular proliferation, and hepatic, pituitary, thyroidal, adrenal, and pancreatic iron deposition. The unusual course for neonatal hemochromatosis in both sibs combined with concordant extrahepatic anomalies suggest that they could have a specific iron storage syndrome with possible autosomal recessive inheritance, probably similar to the sibship reported by Stanckler et al. [Arch Dis Child, 57:212-216, 1982]. [less ▲]

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See detailManifestations indésirables des antidépresseurs
Charlier, Corinne ULg; Ansseau, Marc ULg; Pinto, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Toxicorama (1997), (Spécial LYON), 310-314

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See detailAnomalously large Born effective charges in cubic WO3
Detraux, F.; Ghosez, Philippe ULg; Gonze, X.

in Physical Review. B : Condensed Matter (1997), 56(3), 983-985

Within density-functional theory, we compute the Born effective charges of tungsten trioxyde in its reference cubic phase (defect-perovskite structure). For the tungsten atom, the effective charge tensor ... [more ▼]

Within density-functional theory, we compute the Born effective charges of tungsten trioxyde in its reference cubic phase (defect-perovskite structure). For the tungsten atom, the effective charge tensor is isotropic, with Z(W)*=+12.51. For the oxygen atoms, the two independent components of the tensor, corresponding, respectively, to a displacement of the atom parallel or perpendicular to the W-O bond, have the values Z(O parallel to)* = -9.13 and Z(O perpendicular to)* = -1.68. Z(W)* and Z(O parallel to)* are anomalously large with respect to the nominal ionic charges (+6 on W and -2 on O), but compatible with the Born effective charges found in related ABO(3)-perovskite compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationships of growth hormone gene and milk protein polymorphisms to milk production traits in Simmental cattle
Falaki, M.; Prandi, A.; Corradini, C. et al

in Journal of Dairy Research (1997), 64(1), 47-56

The importance of milk proteins and the positive effect of administration of growth hormone (GH) on milk production, and the presence in some dairy cattle lines of greater GH concentrations prompted us to ... [more ▼]

The importance of milk proteins and the positive effect of administration of growth hormone (GH) on milk production, and the presence in some dairy cattle lines of greater GH concentrations prompted us to examine the presence of restriction fragment length polymorphism at the GH gene using the restriction enzyme TaqI and to investigate associations between this polymorphism in Simmental cows and bulls, as well as milk protein variants in Simmental cows, and milk production traits. Blood and milk were sampled from 279 Italian Simmental cows and semen was collected from 148 bulls of the same breed. Two fragment bands, denoted A and B, of 6200 and 5200 bp respectively, were examined and three patterns, AA, AB and BB, were found in both animal samples. All variants previously reported in other studies, for kappa, beta, and alpha(s1)-caseins, and beta-lactoglobulin, were found in the cows' samples. For the cows' samples, a BLUP (Best Linear Unbiased Predictor) analysis of results was performed using a REML (Restricted Maximum Likelihood) program and known heritabilities, whereas for bulls we have performed a General Linear Model analysis. The effect of GH gene polymorphism, using TaqI restriction enzyme, on milk production traits was not significant, but bulls of BB pattern had a higher breeding value for milk yield than AA bulls (P < 0.05). For the kappa-casein genotypic effects, cows of AB genotype gave milli with 1.53+/-0.70 g/kg less fat than cows of AA genotype. In addition, breeding values for milk protein content were significantly higher in BB bulls, with 0.87+/-0.32 and 0.71+/-0.34 g/kg more milk protein than AA and AB bulls respectively. Thus, our results revealed a GH gene polymorphism and indicated significant effects of milk protein polymorphisms on milk production traits in the Italian Simmental breed. [less ▲]

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See detailFatal Massive Liver Steatosis. A Clinicopathological Case Report
de Leval, Laurence ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg; D'Orio, Vincenzo ULg et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (1997), 60(2, Apr-Jun), 180-183

Hepatic fatty change is a common lesion. Two forms are recognized: micro- and macrovesicular steatosis, the former being much less frequent and more serious than the latter. The case of an alcoholic woman ... [more ▼]

Hepatic fatty change is a common lesion. Two forms are recognized: micro- and macrovesicular steatosis, the former being much less frequent and more serious than the latter. The case of an alcoholic woman under anticonvulsivant therapy and with medications for a syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) who presented with rapidly progressive cholestasis and hepatocellular failure is reported. Massive macro- and micro-vesicular hepatic steatosis was diagnosed at autopsy. The authors review the clinico-pathological features associated with this condition, and causal factors possibly implicated in this case are discussed in regard with currently considered pathophysiological mechanisms. [less ▲]

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See detailEmission from cobalt in type Ia supernovae
Liu, W; Jeffery, D J; Schultz, D R et al

in Astrophysical Journal (1997), 489

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See detailModulation of lung inflammation in the control of bovine respiratory disease
Van de Weerdt, ML; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Bovine Practitioner (1997), 31.1

The purpose of this paper is to review the potential strategies which could improve the treatment of respiratory disorders in general and the modulation of lung inflammation in particular. Possible ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper is to review the potential strategies which could improve the treatment of respiratory disorders in general and the modulation of lung inflammation in particular. Possible preventive treatments will not be discussed in this review. [less ▲]

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See detailIA-2-autoantibodies complement GAD65-autoantibodies in new-onset IDDM patients and help predict impending diabetes in their siblings. The Belgian Diabetes Registry.
Gorus, F. K.; Goubert, P.; Semakula, C. et al

in Diabetologia (1997), 40(1), 95-9

IA-2 has been identified as an autoantigen that is recognized by immunoglobulins from insulin-dependent diabetic (IDDM) patients. Using a liquid phase radiobinding assay, we performed an IA-2-autoantibody ... [more ▼]

IA-2 has been identified as an autoantigen that is recognized by immunoglobulins from insulin-dependent diabetic (IDDM) patients. Using a liquid phase radiobinding assay, we performed an IA-2-autoantibody (IA-2-Ab) assay in 474 IDDM patients and 482 non-diabetic control subjects aged 0-3 years. IA-2-Ab were detected in 58% of the patients and 0.8% of control subjects. Their prevalence in patients was lower than that of islet cell autoantibodies (ICA; 73%) or glutamic acid decarboxylase (M(r) 65 kDa)-autoantibodies (GAD65-Ab; 82%) but higher than that of insulin autoantibodies (IAA; 42%). IA-2-Ab were more frequent in patients under age 20 years (70%) than between 20 and 40 years (45%; p < 0.001). In the whole IDDM group, 92% of patients were positive for at least one of the three molecular assays, which is higher than the positivity for the ICA assay (73%). Only 1% was negative in the molecular assays and positive in the ICA assay. IA-2-Ab levels were positively correlated with ICA titres (p < 0.001) and HLA DQ A1*0301-DQ B1*0.02 (p < 0.003) by multivariate analysis. In a group of 481 non-diabetic siblings (age 0-39 years) of IDDM patients only 7 were IA-2-Ab positive (1.5%). All seven were under age 20 years and positive for at least two other autoantibodies and for DQ A1*0301-DQB1*0302. Four of these seven developed IDDM during the 6-70-month follow-up period. The positive predictive value of IA-2-Ab (57%) was higher than that of ICA, GAD65-Ab or IAA alone, or in combination (< or = 20%) but these calculations are restricted by the relatively short observation period and the small number of cases. The only IA-2-Ab-negative case of pre-diabetes was also negative for IAA and GAD65-Ab, while it was strongly positive for ICA. In conclusion, IA-2-Ab show a high diagnostic specificity for IDDM and are predictive markers of impending diabetes in siblings of patients. In combination with other molecular antibody assays they may replace ICA testing in future. Our data also indicate that other autoantibodies than IA-2-Ab, GAD65-Ab and IAA contribute to ICA. [less ▲]

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See detailMise au point d'une technique de culture in vitro d'embryons immatures de Phaseolus.
Mergeai, Guy ULg; Schmit, V.; Baudoin, Jean-Pierre ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (1997), 1(1),

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See detailAspects économiques du financement des communes
Jurion, Bernard ULg

in Revue de Droit Communal (1997)

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See detailA global model of the biosphere : validation and applications to present and past climatic conditions
François, Louis ULg; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Nemry, Bernard et al

in Sciences Géologiques. Bulletin (1997), 50(1-4), 89-107

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See detailImprovement Of Lipase Production From Yarrowia Lipolytica
Destain, Jacqueline ULg; Weber, D.; Thonart, Philippe ULg

in Biotechnology Letters (1997), 19(2),

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See detailHemodynamic effects of increasing PEEP during mechanical ventilation in anesthetized patients
LAMBERMONT, Bernard ULg; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg; D'Orio, Vincenzo ULg et al

in American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine (1997), 2

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See detailL'homeopathie peut-elle trouver sa legitimite dans les resultats "positifs" d'une meta-analyse?
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(11), 694-7

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See detailMeasurements of the ground state ionization energy and wavelengths for the 1snp1P1 - 1s2 1S0(n=4-10) lines of O VII
Bartnik, A.; Biémont, Emile ULg; Dyakin, V. M. et al

in Journal of Physics : B Atomic Molecular & Optical Physics (1997), 30

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See detailAirborne dust and aeroallergen concentrations in different sources of feed and bedding for horses
Vandenput, Sandrina ULg; Istasse, Louis ULg; Nicks, Baudouin ULg et al

in Veterinary Quarterly (The) (1997), 19(4), 154-158

Standardized methods were used to make quantitative and qualitative assessments of respirable dust and aeroallergens in feed and bedding for horses. Concentrations of airborne dust were measured by using ... [more ▼]

Standardized methods were used to make quantitative and qualitative assessments of respirable dust and aeroallergens in feed and bedding for horses. Concentrations of airborne dust were measured by using a Rion particle counter, and levels of major aeroallergens implicated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were measured by using an Andersen sampler. Laboratory conditions allowed comparison of the different sources of forage, supplements, and bedding without external influences such as ventilation, external temperature and horse activity affecting the result. Grass silages of approximately 50% dry matter and alfalfa pellets appeared to be very good sources of forage with low levels of dust and aeroallergens. The studied good quality straw was significantly less dusty with fewer allergens than the wood shavings. Supplements, such as whole grains and molassed concentrates, contained many respirable particles and aeroallergens. Rolled grains were significantly more dusty than good hay. [less ▲]

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See detailLattice dynamics and ferroelectric instability of barium titanate
Ghosez, Philippe ULg; Gonze, X.; Michenaud, J. P.

in Ferroelectrics (1997), 194

Using first-principles calculations, we investigate the lattice dynamics of cubic and rhombohedral BaTiO3 and rye discuss the origin of the structural instability of this ferroelectric material. First, we ... [more ▼]

Using first-principles calculations, we investigate the lattice dynamics of cubic and rhombohedral BaTiO3 and rye discuss the origin of the structural instability of this ferroelectric material. First, we report results on the Born effective charges and the dielectric tensor and we emphasize the important reduction of these quantities in the ferroelectric phase, Then, the phonon frequencies at the Gamma point are calculated. We point out the similarity of theoretical eigenvectors in the cubic and rhombohedral phases. We examine the interaction of the vibration modes with the electric field and in particular the giant LO-TO splitting of the ferroelectric mode. Finally, separating the dipole-dipole interaction from the remaining short-range forces, we quantify the balance of forces leading to an unstable phonon in the cubic phase and we demonstrate its sensitivity to tiny effective charge changes. Within our decomposition, the stabilization of the unstable mode in the rhombohedral phase is produced by a reduction of the Born effective charges, while its stabilization under isotropic pressure is associated with a modification of the short-range forces. [less ▲]

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See detailRegolazione della crescité follicolare e luteinica. Ovulazione, corpo luteo e luteolisi
Drion, Pierre ULg; Ectors, Fabien; Hanzen, Christian ULg et al

in Riproduzione dei Ruminanti (1997), 14(9), 17-25

Most ovarian follicles (99.9%) will end up with follicular atresia. During antral stages atresia depends on a reduction of FSH levels secondary to estradiol and inhibin secretions by the dominant follicle ... [more ▼]

Most ovarian follicles (99.9%) will end up with follicular atresia. During antral stages atresia depends on a reduction of FSH levels secondary to estradiol and inhibin secretions by the dominant follicle. Plasma levels in estradiol higher than 12pg/ml for at least 12 hours in bovine will cause the reversal of the negative feed-back effect of estradiol on the hypothalamus inducing the preovulatory peak of LH. So that the ovulatory discharge does not occur prematurely, the dominant follicle also secretes GnSIF which desensitises the hypohtesis to the action of GnRH. After ovulation, the corupus luteum, a true endocrine gland, develops. [less ▲]

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See detailLa controverse a propos de la decouverte de l'insuline. L'histoire vue sous l'angle de la philatelie.
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(12), 756-9

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See detailNon délivrance et infécondité: intérêts de l’étiproston et du dosage de la PAGI (pregnancy-associated glycoprotein I) au cours du postpartum chez la vache.
Zaiem, I.; Tainturier, D.; Ben Othmen, H. et al

in Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire (1997), 148(8-9), 725-732

Sixty Prim'holstein cows with retained placenta for more than 24 hours after parturition, were shared in three groups of 20 cows each. All cows were delivred manually 24 to 36 hours post partum and ... [more ▼]

Sixty Prim'holstein cows with retained placenta for more than 24 hours after parturition, were shared in three groups of 20 cows each. All cows were delivred manually 24 to 36 hours post partum and received local treatment with 1 g of oxytetracyclin. Cows in group 1 received two intra-muscular injections of 5 mg etiproston on day of manual delivery (D1) and 15 days after (D15). Cows on group II received only one etiproston administration (D1), and cows in group III remained untreated. Ratios of delayed uterine involution were respectively 20, 40 and 55 % in groupsI,II and III(I<0.05;II<0.005). PAGI concentrations were checked 15 days after parturition and were significantly higher in cows affected by delayed uterine involution (p < 0.05). V-IAF intervals were significantly (p < 0.05) different between groups I (58 days), II (102 days) and III(143 days). [less ▲]

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See detailPharma-clinics. Le medicament du mois. Le Legalon (silymarine).
Luyckx, Françoise ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(12), 792-6

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See detailDilatometric and calorimetric study of the graphitisation of high chromium cast iron
Terziev, L.; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Bojinov, V. et al

in Journal de Chimie Physique et de Physico-Chimie Biologique (1997), 94[5]

Cette étude est consacrée à la formation du graphite dans des fontes à haute teneur en chrome (8%) et spécialement à la détermination des conditions de formation de graphite secondaire par des traitements ... [more ▼]

Cette étude est consacrée à la formation du graphite dans des fontes à haute teneur en chrome (8%) et spécialement à la détermination des conditions de formation de graphite secondaire par des traitements thermiques adaptés. La solidification de la fonte étudiée a été examinée par analyse thermique différentielle (ATD). Les effets d'un traitement à haute température ont été examinés à la fois par calorimétrie et dilatomètre différentielle. Le graphite primaire se forme vers 950°C. Le graphite secondaire précipite sur le graphite primaire lors du traitement de déstabilisation de l'austénite à haute température. La forme et la quantité de graphite secondaire dépendent de la température de traitement. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of n-3 fatty acids in Eurasian perch broodstock diet on egg fatty acid composition and larva stress resistance.
Abi-Ayad, Amine; Mélard, Charles ULg; Kestemont, Patrick

in Aquaculture International (1997), 5

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See detailComment j'explore ... le syndrome d'insulinoresistance grace a ses marqueurs biologiques.
Luyckx, Françoise ULg; Scheen, André ULg; Gielen, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(10), 686-91

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See detailVaux-et-Borset : campagne de fouilles 1995
Caspar, Jean-Paul; Delye, Emmanuel ULg; Bit, Richard et al

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (1997), 4-5

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See detailLuteinizing hormone increases the abundance of various transcripts, independently of the androgens, in the rat prostate.
Reiter, E.; Poncin, Joseph ULg; Hennuy, Benoît ULg et al

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (1997), 233(1), 108-12

Differential display analysis was carried out to find, in the rat prostate, genes that could be regulated by Luteinizing Hormone (LH), independently of the androgens. Hypophysectomized and castrated adult ... [more ▼]

Differential display analysis was carried out to find, in the rat prostate, genes that could be regulated by Luteinizing Hormone (LH), independently of the androgens. Hypophysectomized and castrated adult rats were treated with either LH, testosterone or saline. Regulated discrete bands have been eluted and reamplified. After Northern blotting, the levels of mRNA corresponding to 8 PCR fragments were significantly increased by LH treatment. None of these inserts were found to be induced by testosterone. One insert was subcloned, sequenced and identified as the ribosomial protein S 23. A competitive RT-PCR assay was carried out on the full length S 23 cDNA and confirmed that its mRNA levels were stimulated by LH but not by testosterone. These results strongly suggest that the LH membrane receptor, previously shown to be expressed in the rat prostate, has a physiological significance in this organ. Moreover, it appears that the effect of LH on the rat prostate are independent of the androgens. [less ▲]

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See detailUsefulness of 18fdg Positron Emission Tomography in Detection and Follow-up of Digestive Cancers
Paulus, P.; Hustinx, Roland ULg; Daenen, Frédéric ULg et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (1997), 60(4, Oct-Dec), 278-80

PET is a diagnostic method that creates high resolution, 3 dimensional tomographic images of the distribution of positron emitting radionuclides in the human body. Recent technological developments allow ... [more ▼]

PET is a diagnostic method that creates high resolution, 3 dimensional tomographic images of the distribution of positron emitting radionuclides in the human body. Recent technological developments allow the use of whole-body PET devices in clinical oncology. 18FDG is a glucose analog transported and competitively used with glucose reflecting the increased glucose metabolism into malignant cells. Differential diagnosis between chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer is already a well-documented indication. For initial staging of gastro-esophageal and colorectal tumours, results are preliminary but the clinical impact seems to be rather limited. At present, the major indication of FDG-PET is the detection and staging of colorectal cancer recurrences. FDG-PET allows the differentiation between scared tissue and tumour when structural imaging is often confusing. In the same time, the whole-body imaging capability provides unique information that can modify loco-regional and liver staging. Overall, FDG-PET affects the clinical management of 30 to 40% of these patients. Quantitative assessment of therapeutic response to chemotherapy regimen appears to be one of the most promising applications of FDG-PET. Since the most effective therapy of colorectal cancer are often surgical, the role of chemotherapy in colorectal cancer remains limited to adjuvant therapy and in advanced disease. However, FDG-PET could be of great value in assessing the response of oesophageal carcinomas to chemo-radio therapy, before surgery. In our experience, FDG-PET appears to be the first line diagnostic method in the detection and staging of colorectal recurrence and differential diagnosis of pancreatic tumour versus chronic pancreatitis. [less ▲]

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See detailRecherches karstologiques au Sud Cameroun
Willems, Luc ULg

in Regards (1997), 28

Several karsts have been studied in South Cameroon, booth in gneiss and granite lithologies.

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See detailVers une chirurgie mammaire supraconservatrice des lésions mammaires infracliniques?
LIFRANGE, Eric ULg; COLIN, Claude

in Gunaïkeia (1997), 2

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See detailParticipation des jeunes Européens aux activités physiques et sportives
Ledent, Maryse; Cloes, Marc ULg; Telama, Risto et al

in Sport (1997), 159/160

Le rôle primordial que jouent les activités physiques et sportives en matière de prévention de plusieurs maladies parfois fatales survenant à l'âge adulte constitue un argument essentiel en faveur d'une ... [more ▼]

Le rôle primordial que jouent les activités physiques et sportives en matière de prévention de plusieurs maladies parfois fatales survenant à l'âge adulte constitue un argument essentiel en faveur d'une pratique régulière de l'effort physique. Ses effets sur la santé, ou plus précisément sur les facteurs de risque chez les adultes, ont suscité l'éveil d'un nombre croissant de chercheurs. ... [less ▲]

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See detailLes téléports en Europe: état actuel et perspectives offertes par les "call centers"
Jacob, Damien ULg

in Revue Géographique de l'Est (1997), 37(4), 273-284

De manière à répondre à l'accroissement de l'offre et de la demande en télécommunications d'entreprises constaté ces dernières années, trois grandes catégories de téléports proposant des services à coûts ... [more ▼]

De manière à répondre à l'accroissement de l'offre et de la demande en télécommunications d'entreprises constaté ces dernières années, trois grandes catégories de téléports proposant des services à coûts partagés et les téléports " hub ", concentrant les flux de communication en un point central. Les téléports ciblent des entreprises exigeant un haut niveau de services en télécommunications, par exemple les centres d'appels téléphoniques. Cette activité, en pleine expansion en Europe, recherche une main-d'œuvre multilingue pouvant assurer par téléphone des services d'information, de conseil, de vente et d'après-vente. Les téléports peuvent donc devenir des outils attractifs pour attirer ce créneau particulièrement porteur en création d'emplois, même si ces derniers sont pour une bonne part une transformation d'anciennes tâches et paraissent potentiellement faciles à délocaliser vers des pays à faible coût du travail. [less ▲]

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See detailLuc et Jean-Pierre Dardenne. Vingt ans de travail en cinéma et vidéo (1976-1996)
Van Cauwenberge, Geneviève ULg; Bajomée, Danielle ULg; Delruelle, Edouard ULg et al

in Revue belge du cinéma (1997), 41(Hiver), 96

Historical and analytical overview of the Dardenne’s cinématographic and videographic work from 1976 to 1996, with an interview with Luc and Jean-Pierre Dardenne. A lot of issues about the survivor’s ... [more ▼]

Historical and analytical overview of the Dardenne’s cinématographic and videographic work from 1976 to 1996, with an interview with Luc and Jean-Pierre Dardenne. A lot of issues about the survivor’s memory, the history consciousness, the wounds of memory, the survivor’s speech ; the memory of the social struggle ; the derelction and the transformation of the society ; the résistance ; the videographic and filmic forms and patterns (landscape, face, water, reality) ; the theatrical space and the relations between theatre and cinéma. [less ▲]

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See detailRésultats à une enquête internationale en mathématiques
Monseur, Christian ULg

in Mathématiques & pédagogie (1997), 114

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See detailEffect of nadroparin, a low-molecular-weight heparin, on clinical and angiographic restenosis after coronary balloon angioplasty: the FACT study. Fraxiparine Angioplastie Coronaire Transluminale.
Lablanche, J. M.; McFadden, E. P.; Meneveau, N. et al

in Circulation (1997), 96(10), 3396-402

BACKGROUND: Experimental studies suggest that the antiproliferative effect of heparin after arterial injury is maximized by pretreatment. No previous studies of restenosis have used a pretreatment ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Experimental studies suggest that the antiproliferative effect of heparin after arterial injury is maximized by pretreatment. No previous studies of restenosis have used a pretreatment strategy. We designed this study to determine whether treatment with nadroparin, a low-molecular-weight heparin, started 3 days before the procedure and continued for 3 months, affected angiographic restenosis or clinical outcome after coronary angioplasty. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a prospective multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial, elective coronary angioplasty was performed on 354 patients who were treated with daily subcutaneous nadroparin (0.6 mL of 10,250 anti-Xa IU/mL) or placebo injections started 3 days before angioplasty and continued for 3 months. Angiography was performed just before and immediately after angioplasty and at follow-up. The primary study end point was angiographic restenosis, assessed by quantitative coronary angiography 3 months after balloon angioplasty. Clinical follow-up was continued up to 6 months. Clinical and procedural variables and the occurrence of periprocedural complications did not differ between groups. At angiographic follow-up, the mean minimal lumen diameter and the mean residual stenosis in the nadroparin group (1.37+/-0.66 mm, 51.9+/-21.0%) did not differ from the corresponding values in the control group (1.48+/-0.59 mm, 48.8+/-18.9%). Combined major cardiac-related clinical events (death, myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization) did not differ between groups (30.3% versus 29.6%). CONCLUSIONS: Pretreatment with the low-molecular-weight heparin nadroparin continued for 3 months after balloon angioplasty had no beneficial effect on angiographic restenosis or on adverse clinical outcomes. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of Clostridium perfringens isolated from necrotic enteritis of fowls.
Das, B. C.; Dutta, G. N.; Daube, Georges ULg et al

in Indian Journal of Animal Sciences (The) (1997), 67

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See detailGénération innommable
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Textyles : Revue des Lettres Belges de Langue Française (1997), 14

Evocation de tendances romanesque ayant émergé dans les années 1980 et 1990 envisagées au moyen des notions discutables et discutées de "minimalisme" et de "postmodernité".

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See detailRelationships of k-casein - beta-lactoglobulin and alfa-lactalbumin polymorphisms with estimated breeding values for milk traits in Italian Friesian and Italian Simmental bulls.
Vrech, E.; Prandi, A.; Corradini, C. et al

in Zootecnica e Nutrizione Animale (1997), 23(3),

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See detailTrajectoire déviante à la lisière entre adolescence et âge adulte
Gavray, Claire ULg

in Déviance et Société (1997), 21(3), 273-288

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See detailLa contestation des pierres. Des œuvres écrites d'Olivier Smolders
Badir, Sémir ULg

in Textyles : Revue des Lettres Belges de Langue Française (1997), 14

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See detailL'hypoglycemie du patient diabetique. Recommendations of ALFEDIAM (French Language Association for the Study of Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases.
Grimaldi, A.; Slama, G.; Tubiana-Rufi, N. et al

in Diabètes & Métabolism (1997), 23(1), 100-8

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See detailCompte rendu du Cahier de Linguistique française, n°14 : Lexique et pragmatique
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Français Moderne (Le) (1997), (2), 239-244

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See detailDifférences entre les pathotypes et les sérogroupes des Escherichia coli vérotoxinogènes isolées de veaux sains et celles isolées de veaux souffrant de diarrhée
Pohl, P.; Cleenwerk, I.; Imberechts, H. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1997), 141

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See detailEffect of diet and bST on mRNA for IGF-I binding proteins (BP)-2 and -3 in dairy cattle
Sharma, B. K.; Vandehaar, M. J.; Tucker, H. A. et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (1997), 80(suppl 1), 176

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See detailKlanknabootsingen in strips
Meesters, Gert ULg

in Nederlands van nu (1997), 45(3), 82-83

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See detailLes attitudes de jeunes Européens à l’égard de l’école et du cours d’éducation physique
Delfosse, Catherine; Ledent, Maryse; Carreiro da Costa, Francisco et al

in Sport (1997), 159/160

L'essentiel de la vie quotidienne des jeunes scolarisés s'organise entre le temps passé à l'école et des activités dites de loisirs. Une différence fondamentale sépare les deux domaines. Le premier, par ... [more ▼]

L'essentiel de la vie quotidienne des jeunes scolarisés s'organise entre le temps passé à l'école et des activités dites de loisirs. Une différence fondamentale sépare les deux domaines. Le premier, par son caractère obligatoire, concerne tous les enfants. Le second relève davantage du niveau social, économique et culturel des parents et nécessite une organisation familiale parfois complexe. On peut affirmer que tous les enfants ne disposent pas de chances égales de s'engager dans une pratique sportive organisée ou non organisée. ... [less ▲]

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See detailTechnique for long-term catheterization of large abdominal vessels in growing cattle.
Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg; Istasse, Louis ULg

in Contemporary Topics in Laboratory Animal Science (1997), 36(2), 66-8

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See detailEssai comparatif de deux antalgiques, la floctafénine et le paracétamol, au cours de l’arthrose des membres inférieurs
Lequesne, M; Fannius, J; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme (1997), 64(5), 349-355

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See detailTheory of laser-induced dielectronic recombination: A case study in Helium
Schlagheck, Peter ULg; Lambropoulos, P.

in Zeitschrift für Physik. D, Atoms, Molecules, and Clusters (1997), 39(3), 173-180

We present the theoretical description of laser-induced dielectronic recombination in the density matrix formalism and show how the continuum components can be eliminated. The resulting equations are ... [more ▼]

We present the theoretical description of laser-induced dielectronic recombination in the density matrix formalism and show how the continuum components can be eliminated. The resulting equations are applied to the calculation of specific recombination processes in Helium from the point of view of resolving the involved autoionizing states in the recombination spectrum. We examine how the shape of the spectrum depends on the laser pulse duration in processes in which the autoionizing state to which the system recombines is coupled to a bound state. In addition, we consider processes in which the autoionizing state is coupled to another autoionizing state and discuss the possibility of resolving the resonance in the recombination spectrum. [less ▲]

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See detailAnti-PMSG in sheep subjected annualy to oestrus synchronisation
Bodin, L.; Drion, Pierre ULg; Remy, Benoit et al

in Reproduction Nutrition Development (1997), 37

Estimation of the long-term consequences on reproduction performance of the oestrus synchronisation treatments that are annually applied to ewes was carried out on nine officially controlled dairy flocks ... [more ▼]

Estimation of the long-term consequences on reproduction performance of the oestrus synchronisation treatments that are annually applied to ewes was carried out on nine officially controlled dairy flocks in the Roquefort region of France. A hormonal treatment combining the insertion of a vaginal fluoro-gestone acetate (FGA) sponge for 14 days and the injection of about 500 IU of pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) at withdrawal was applied to the ewes in seven of the nine flocks. The ewes in the two other flocks were used as controls. Blood samples were taken from each female just before the treatment (to test for the presence of residual antibodies) and 20 days after the PMSG injection. Anti-PMSG antibody binding rates were calculated for each blood sample. The residual binding rate increased with age and induce negative effects on the following years reproduction performances, ie, they increased the probability that the ewes would not become pregnant. [less ▲]

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See detailLa rhinotrachéite infectieuse bovine : caractéristiques du virus, l'infection et ses manifestations cliniques
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Lemaire, Mylène; Vanderheijden, Nathalie et al

in Bulletin des Groupements Techniques Vétérinaires (1997), 568

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See detailDetermination rapide par immunodosage de l'hemoglobine glyquee sur sang capillaire comparee a une methode d'affinite pour le boronate et capture d'ions sur sang veineux.
Bozet, Marie-Claire ULg; Gerard, Pascale ULg; Scheen, André ULg et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (1997), 55(2), 139-44

Measurement of glycosylated haemoglobin has become an essential tool in the management of diabetic patients. A recently developed device allows the rapid immuno-assay of HbA1c in 1 microliter capillary ... [more ▼]

Measurement of glycosylated haemoglobin has become an essential tool in the management of diabetic patients. A recently developed device allows the rapid immuno-assay of HbA1c in 1 microliter capillary blood obtained by a finger prick. In 100 ambulatory diabetic patients, we compared the results obtained with this method to those obtained in venous blood using a standard affinity chromatography laboratory method. Although both methods correlated (r = 0.88, p < 0.001), the mean +/- SD levels respectively obtained differed slightly (7.6 +/- 1.5 vs 79 +/- 1.4% p < 0.001). The 95% confidence interval of the difference was [-0.41. -0.14]. Considering a cut-off HbA1c value of 8%, as indicative of the need for treatment adjustment, 33 patients with the capillary blood immuno-assay method and 42 with the venous-blood affinity chromatography method were above that limit (Mc Nemar test, p < 0.05). In conclusion, the rapid assay of HbA1c in capillary blood can be useful for the management of some diabetic patients but the results are not readily exchangeable with those obtained from other standardized laboratory methods. Consequently, specific ranges and clinical decision limits must be determined. [less ▲]

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See detailMultipole Transitions in Nicke-like and Palladium-like Spectra
Biémont, Emile ULg

in Journal of Physics : B Atomic Molecular & Optical Physics (1997), 30

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See detailPlasma pregnancy-associated glycoprotein and progesterone concentrations in pregnant Assaff ewes carrying single and twin lambs
Ranilla, Marie-José; Sulon, Joseph ULg; Mantecón, A. R. et al

in Small Ruminant Research (1997), 24(2), 125-131

Ovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (oPAG) and progesterone (P4) concentrations were monitored weekly during the last three months of gestation and the first month postpartum in plasma of twelve Assaf ... [more ▼]

Ovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (oPAG) and progesterone (P4) concentrations were monitored weekly during the last three months of gestation and the first month postpartum in plasma of twelve Assaf ewes. The oPAG levels were determined with a heterologous RIA using bovine PAG as standard and tracer and rabbit antiserum against oPAG. The P4 levels were measured with a radioimmunological procedure with a sensitivity to less than 0.1 ng/ml. The oPAG profiles in ewes carrying a single lamb and in those carrying twins were very similar from week 9 of gestation to lambing. Ewes which had twins presented numerically higher oPAG concentrations from week 12 to lambing, but that difference was only significant (p<0.05) at week 21. Ewes carrying twins presented higher (P<0.05) P4 concentrations from weeks 12 to 20 of gestation than those carrying a single lamb, but afterwards there was no difference. No correlation was found between P4 and oPAG concentrations at each stage of gestation studied in any group. After lambing, P4 levels dropped rapidly in one week, whereas oPAG decreased in four weeks to basal values in both groups of ewes. No relationship (P>0.05) was found between oPAG concentrations and lamb birth-weight at any week of gestation considered in this study. However, the lamb birth-weight was positively correlated (P<0.10) with the P4 concentrations from weeks 9 to 19 of gestation. Results indicate that number of fetuses could influence the oPAG production in ewes during the last three months of gestation. [less ▲]

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See detailLa prééclampsie est la conséquence d'un déficit de placentation: de la biologie aux considérations cliniques
Maquoi, Erik ULg; Schaaps, Jean-Pierre ULg; Jacobs, J. L. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(7), 478-84

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See detailOn the Importance of Octupole Transitions in Atomic Spectra
Biémont, Emile ULg

in Physica Scripta (1997), T73

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See detailLes jeunes, leur activité physique et leurs perceptions de la santé, de la forme, des capacités athlétiques et de l’apparence
Ledent, Maryse; Cloes, Marc ULg; Piéron, Maurice

in Sport (1997), 159/160

La perception de sa propre compétence exerce un rôle primordial dans la décision de pratiquer une activité physique. La continuité d'une pratique résulte notamment d'un niveau de compétence jugé suffisant ... [more ▼]

La perception de sa propre compétence exerce un rôle primordial dans la décision de pratiquer une activité physique. La continuité d'une pratique résulte notamment d'un niveau de compétence jugé suffisant. A partir de 12 ans, les jeunes sont capables d'évaluer leur compétence et de faire la distinction entre cette dernière et l'effort déployé dans la performance réalisée. ... [less ▲]

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