References of "Scientific journals"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDistinct pathways in the over-expression of matrix metalloproteinases in human fibroblasts by relaxation of mechanical tension.
Lambert, Charles ULg; Colige, Alain ULg; Munaut, Carine ULg et al

in Matrix Biology (2001), 20(7), 397-408

The aim of the work was to analyze, on a comparative basis, the signaling pathways operating in the regulation of a panel of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) expressed by human dermal fibroblasts submitted ... [more ▼]

The aim of the work was to analyze, on a comparative basis, the signaling pathways operating in the regulation of a panel of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) expressed by human dermal fibroblasts submitted to mechanical stress relaxation by cytochalasin D (CD) and in a retracting collagen gel (RCG). The mRNA steady-state level of MMPs was measured by a quantitative RT-PCR procedure using a synthetic RNA as internal standard. In monolayer, most MMPs were barely detected, except MMP-2. Disruption of the actin stress fibers by CD induced a moderate increase of MMP-2 mRNA and a much larger stimulation of MMP-3, -9, -13 and -14 mRNAs. In RCG, a significant up-regulation of these MMPs was also observed although to a lower extent than in CD-treated monolayers. Among the investigated MMPs, the MMP-8 and -11 were not reproducibly detected. MMP-2 was processed to its active form both by CD and in RCG. The CD-induced up-regulation of gene expression was largely repressed by blocking protein synthesis by cycloheximide for all the MMPs, by inhibiting the tyrosine-kinases of the src family by herbimycin A for all MMPs, except MMP-2, and by inhibiting the TPA-inducible PKC isoforms by bisindoyl maleimide for all MMPs, except MMP-14. The up-regulation induced by stress relaxation in RCG was protein synthesis-dependent for MMP-2 and MMP-13, tyrosine kinases-dependent for MMP-3 and MMP-13, as previously described for MMP-1. Inhibiting TPA-inducible PKC did not affect any MMP in RCG except MMP-13, which was strongly induced. The processing of MMP-2 was tyrosine kinases-dependent but PKC-independent. Inhibitors of the ERK1,2 and p38 MAP kinases pathways diversely affected the MMPs expression. Inhibiting the Rho-kinase activity by Y-27632 was inactive. These results point to the potent regulation operated by the status of the cytoskeleton on the cell phenotype, and to distinct regulatory pathways involved in the control of different MMPs expression. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe effect of risedronate on hip fracture risk in elderly women with osteoporosis
Bensen, W; Eastell, R; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Journal of Rheumatology (2001), 28(S63), 24

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMass transfer in low-density xerogel catalysts
Heinrichs, Benoît ULg; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg; Schoebrechts, Jean-Paul

in AIChE Journal (2001), 47(8), 1866-1873

Texture and morphology of a Pd-Ag/SiO2 hydrodechlorination low-density xerogel catalyst prepared by a cogelation sot-gel process were characterized in detail to examine mass transfer in such catalysts ... [more ▼]

Texture and morphology of a Pd-Ag/SiO2 hydrodechlorination low-density xerogel catalyst prepared by a cogelation sot-gel process were characterized in detail to examine mass transfer in such catalysts. The catalyst consists of active Pd-Ag nanocrystallites trapped inside elementary 20 nm microporous silica particles arranged in larger aggregates, which constitute the macroscopic pellet. To reach active sites, reactants must first diffuse through large pores located between aggregates of SiO2 Particles and then through smaller pores located between those elementary particles inside the aggregates. Finally, they, diffuse through micropores located inside silica particles. Diffusion in such a "funnel" structure cannot be described assimilating the pellet to a pseudo-continuum. Diffusion should be examined carefully at three levels of decreasing size: the macroscopic pellet, the aggregate of silica particles, and the elementary silica particle. This approach shows that cogelled xerogel catalysts have remarkable mass-transfer properties. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (7 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailRe-inventing the wheel or adding one to the headache pathogenesis vehicle.
Schoenen, Jean ULg

in Cephalalgia : An International Journal of Headache (2001), 21(8), 796-7

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFactors affecting hematopoietic recovery after autologous peripheral blood progenitof-cell transplantation in aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma : a prospective study of 123 patients
Langouet, Anne-Marie; Brice, Pauline; Simon, Danielle et al

in Hematology Journal : The Official Journal of the European Haematology Association (2001), 2

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEntre symbolisme et avant-garde : le modernisme de Franz Hellens dans la première série du Disque Vert (1921-1925)
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Textyles : Revue des Lettres Belges de Langue Française (2001), (20), 66-75

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (2 ULg)
See detailLe domicile : une notion plurielle
d'Huart, Véronique ULg

in Répertoire notarial (2001), VII

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (14 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhen should triptans be taken during a migraine attack?
Schoenen, Jean ULg

in CNS Drugs (2001), 15(8), 583-7

The common strategy to treat a migraine attack as soon as it begins, made for classical acute antimigraine treatments such as ergotamine and analgesics, has not been transposed to the triptans. The ... [more ▼]

The common strategy to treat a migraine attack as soon as it begins, made for classical acute antimigraine treatments such as ergotamine and analgesics, has not been transposed to the triptans. The recommendation to delay triptan intake until headache intensity is at least moderate is merely a habit generated by the protocol used in triptan trials and a nonvalidated attempt to reduce costs. It is also favoured by the few studies suggesting that sumatriptan is less effective when given early in an attack, especially during the aura phase. Recent retrospective analyses of small numbers of 'protocol violators' in controlled trials of sumatriptan suggest that the drug is more efficient when taken while the headache is mild. Pain-free responses and therapeutic gains over aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid)-metoclopramide or ergotamine-caffeine combinations were increased under these conditions. The available circumstantial evidence is reviewed and discussed. Before any conclusion can be drawn and recommendation made, results are awaited from randomised controlled trials specifically addressing whether or not triptans are more efficient in mild headache. Meanwhile, there seems to be no medical reason to withhold treatment of a mild headache with a triptan as long as triptan intake does not exceed 1 or 2 doses per week. Most mild headaches in patients with migraine appear indeed to be mild migraine attacks, even when the headache characteristics are those of tension-type headache. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailApoptosis in v-myc-transfected MSU-1.1 fibroblasts is induced by cell-matrix contact and differs from that of normal dermal fibroblasts.
Niland, S.; Cremer, A.; Herzhoff, K. et al

in In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal (2001), 37(9), 606-12

In order to characterize a fibroblast cell line representing normal human skin fibroblasts in three-dimensional cultures, we compared the fibroblast line MSU-1.1, derived from human foreskin and ... [more ▼]

In order to characterize a fibroblast cell line representing normal human skin fibroblasts in three-dimensional cultures, we compared the fibroblast line MSU-1.1, derived from human foreskin and immortalized by v-myc, to primary human dermal fibroblasts (NDF). Our results demonstrate that in contrast to NDF, all MSU-1.1 fibroblasts die within 3-4 d when cultured within three-dimensional contractile collagen matrices. Also, in contrast to NDF. MSU-1.1 cells die markedly in anchored collagen gels as well. Death is due to apoptosis and is attenuated by addition of antibodies against collagen-recognizing receptors alpha1beta1 and alpha2beta1. Apoptosis of NDF in collagen lattices was repressed by an inhibitor of caspase-1, which was ineffective on apoptosis of MSU-1.1. Further, apoptosis by MSU-1.l fibroblasts was also observed in anchored, i.e., restrained collagen lattices, an environment that supports proliferation of NDF. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailValidation d'un test d'évaluation du comportement gestuel du patient lombalgique chronique
Vanderthommen, Marc ULg; Boulanger, A.S.; DEFAWEUX, Michel ULg et al

in Annales de Réadaptation et de Médecine Physique (2001), 44

Detailed reference viewed: 86 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvaluation of ruthenium-based complexes for the controlled radical polymerization of vinyl monomers
Simal, François; Jan, Dominique; Delaude, Lionel ULg et al

in Canadian Journal of Chemistry (2001), 79(5-6), 529-535

New complexes of the type RuCl2(p-cymene)L where the ligand L is either a phosphine or a stable triazolinylidene carbene have been tested and compared to the Grubbs' benzylidene complex RuCl2(=CHPh)(PCy3 ... [more ▼]

New complexes of the type RuCl2(p-cymene)L where the ligand L is either a phosphine or a stable triazolinylidene carbene have been tested and compared to the Grubbs' benzylidene complex RuCl2(=CHPh)(PCy3)(2) as catalyst precursors for the controlled atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of methyl methacrylate and of various para-substituted styrenes. Kinetic data and Hammett rho constants are reported, as well as the X-ray structure of the ortho-metallated triazolinylidene-ruthenium(II) complex RuCl(p-cymene)[1,2-phenylene[3,4-diphenyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl-5(4H)-yl idene]]. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImmunocytochemistry of the golden hamster pituitary during chronic administration of diethylstilbestrol: a quantitative analysis using laser scanning microscopy
Van Cauwenberge, A.; Nonclercq, D.; Laurent, G. et al

in Histochemistry & Cell Biology (2001), 115

The aim of this study was to examine by immunohistochemistry the morphologic changes affecting pituitary cell populations in male Syrian hamsters undergoing chronic exposure (3 days to 9 months) to ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to examine by immunohistochemistry the morphologic changes affecting pituitary cell populations in male Syrian hamsters undergoing chronic exposure (3 days to 9 months) to diethylstilbestrol (DES). Cell proliferation in the hypophysis was monitored by the immunohistochemical demonstration of S-phase cells after pulse labeling with 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine. Cell proliferation analysis was combined with the identification of different cell populations by immunostaining with antisera raised against hypophyseal hormones. Sections processed for double-label immunofluorescence were examined by confocal microscopy. In the adenohypophysis, the relative surface occupied by gonadotrophs and thyrotrophs decreased rapidly during the first months of treatment while corticotroph and somatotroph populations remained unaffected. Accordingly, the incidence of S-phase cells in these four cell populations was lower than or similar to control values. In contrast, lactotrophs increased gradually during the first month of exposure to DES to reach a maximum value at 2-4 months. At the beginning, this increase was primarily due to hyperplasia but later on it also involved cellular hypertrophy. Somatomammotrophs did not seem to be involved in this model. In the pars intermedia, the labeling index of melanotrophs rose rapidly to reach values 5-6 times higher than controls. After 4 months, neoplasms originating from the pars intermedia were seen invading both the neuro- and the adenohypophysis. At the end of treatment, the pituitary was markedly enlarged resulting from the development of an adenoma of the pars intermedia [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPropositions relatives à l'enseignement
de Landsheere, Gilbert ULg

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2001), (5-6), 79-84

Comme pour le texte 'L'avenir de l'enseignement' qui est publié dans ces Cahiers, il s'agit d'un texte qui date d'une dizaine d'années. Ces propositions ont été formulées peu de temps après la ... [more ▼]

Comme pour le texte 'L'avenir de l'enseignement' qui est publié dans ces Cahiers, il s'agit d'un texte qui date d'une dizaine d'années. Ces propositions ont été formulées peu de temps après la communautarisation complète de l'enseignement. A présent que 'nous sommes maîtres chez nous', qu'en est-il ? Quel chemin avons-nous parcouru ? S'agissait-il de prémonitions ? De rêves et d'utopies ? Chacun peut s'en faire une idée. Chacun peut aussi apprécier, sur la base d'un texte, ce qui se disait alors et ce que Gilbert de Landsheere envisageait comme souhaitable. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTeloptosis, a Turning Point in Hair Shedding Biorhythms
Pierard-Franchimont, Claudine ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Dermatology : International Journal for Clinical & Investigative Dermatology (2001), 203(2), 115-7

The timing regulation of the hair growth phases is quite complex. We name teloptosis the termination of the telogen phase with hair shedding. The initiation of the next anagen I phase is independent from ... [more ▼]

The timing regulation of the hair growth phases is quite complex. We name teloptosis the termination of the telogen phase with hair shedding. The initiation of the next anagen I phase is independent from teloptosis. Both events are triggered by distinct factors. Indeed, teloptosis is the result of the loss of adhesion between cells of the club hair and those of its epithelial envelope. Teloptosis synchronization is perceived as telogen effluvium, related or not to shortening of the anagen phase. Subtle changes leading to early or delayed teloptosis affect hair density. It is possible to distinguish two types of telogen hairs on a trichogram. Those with an epithelial sheath indicate strong binding, suggesting early telogen, whereas the absence of an epithelial sheath indicates loose binding, conveying teloptosis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNumerations systems on a regular language
Lecomte, Pierre ULg; Rigo, Michel ULg

in Theory of Computing Systems (2001), 34

Generalizations of positional number systems in which N is recognizable by finite automata are obtained by describing an arbitrary infinite regular language according to the lexicographic ordering. For ... [more ▼]

Generalizations of positional number systems in which N is recognizable by finite automata are obtained by describing an arbitrary infinite regular language according to the lexicographic ordering. For these systems of numeration, we show that ultimately periodic sets are recognizable. We also study translation and multiplication by constants as well as the order-dependence of the recognizability. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModèle de productivité et tarif de cubage des peuplements de teck (tectona grandis L. F.) au Sud-Bénin
Fonton, N. H.; Palm, Rodolphe ULg; Akossou, A. Y. J. et al

in Annales des Sciences Agronomiques du Bénin (2001), 2(2), 209-224

This study aims to build site index model and stem volume function of pure, even aged and relatively homogeneous teak stands in south Benin. The characteristics of the stands were obtained from the ... [more ▼]

This study aims to build site index model and stem volume function of pure, even aged and relatively homogeneous teak stands in south Benin. The characteristics of the stands were obtained from the inventory of 104 temporary plots sampled from stands with different ages and fertility. The stem analysis of 19 dominant trees wer used to establish, by serial regression, a model giving the evolution of top height according to the age. The site index curves were built in order to determine site index of the stands. The estimated volume function obtained shows that age, site index and basal area are the main stand parameters of stem volume funtion. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 79 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe concept d'insulinosensibilite
Scheen, André ULg

in Diabètes & Métabolism (2001), 27(2 Pt 2), 193-200

Insulin resistance was already suspected in the thirties from clinical observations in diabetic patients, then better appreciated in the early sixties with the development of insulin radioimmunoassay, and ... [more ▼]

Insulin resistance was already suspected in the thirties from clinical observations in diabetic patients, then better appreciated in the early sixties with the development of insulin radioimmunoassay, and finally confirmed in the last 20 years by using various sophisticated methods able to quantify insulin action. First demonstrated in obese and/or type 2 diabetic patients, the diminution of insulin sensitivity may in fact concern a much larger population. The concept of insulin sensitivity gained a considerable importance when Reaven, in 1988, emphasized the role of insulin resistance in different human diseases. The metabolic syndrome or syndrome X is characterized by the association of various cardiovascular risk factors (among which impaired glucose tolerance, arterial hypertension and dyslipidaemias), all closely linked to insulin resistance which is indeed the core of the syndrome. Even if insulin action signalling appears to be rather complex and the mechanisms leading to insulin resistance still largely unknown, it is essential to develop pharmacological or non pharmacological strategies to improve insulin sensitivity for treating insulin-resistant individuals. Such an approach should allow not only to provide a better blood glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes, but also to improve the cardiovascular prognosis of numerous patients, with or without diabetes mellitus, who have the metabolic syndrome. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes souches pathogènes d'Escherichia coli chez les chiens et les chats: III) Données bactériologiques et cliniques sur les souches nécrotoxinogènes et sur celles positives pour des adhésines
Mainil, Jacques ULg; Wilbaux, Myriam; Jacquemin, Etienne et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2001), 145(6), 343-354

The purpose of this study was to characterize 25 necrotoxigenic Escherichia coli type 1 (NTEC1), one necrotoxigenic E coli type 2 (NTEC2) and 16 non-necrotoxigenic E coli isolated, between 1979 and 1993 ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to characterize 25 necrotoxigenic Escherichia coli type 1 (NTEC1), one necrotoxigenic E coli type 2 (NTEC2) and 16 non-necrotoxigenic E coli isolated, between 1979 and 1993, from feces, intestinal content or internal organs of dogs and cats using a uniform and standardized typing scheme, as previously described on NTEC1 and NTEC2 isolates from cattle, humans and pigs (Mainil et al, 1999). The results obtained by colony hybridization and PCR on the NTEC1 isolates were homogeneous: eighteen NTEC1 isolates harboured prs- and sfa/foc-related DNA sequences; five NTEC1 isolates harboured sfa/foc-related DNA sequences; one NTEC1 isolate harboured prs-related DNA sequences; and one was negative. The only NTEC2 isolate was also negative. Only a few NTEC1 isolates were positive for f17-, afa- or cdt-related DNA sequences. All NTEC1 and the NTEC2 isolates were haemolytic on blood agar and were resistant to the bactericidal activity of the serum (one exception). By contrast a very few produced an aerobactin or a colicin. The strains belonged to various serogroups and many could not be identified with the immunsera used. On the other hand all but one NTEC1 isolates belonged to biotype 9. The most typical profile identifed for NTEC1 from dogs and cats was: CNF1+Prs+S+Hly+Bio9+. The results obtained on the non-necrotoxigenic E. coli isolates were more heterogeneous: two of them harboured pap/prs- and sfa/foc-related DNA sequences; ten harboured pap/prs-related DNA sequences; and four, other DNA sequences. The results of the phenotypic assays were more heterogeneous also. NTEC1 strains were isolated from essentially young puppies and kitties (< 3 months for 16 out of 22), with sometimes older animals (up to 12 years). The digestive pathologies were non haemorrhagic diarrhea/enteritis essentially. When haemorrhagic diarrhea/enteritis were observed, other infectious agents were present or strongly suspected (parvovirus, Salmonella). Extraintestinal pathologies were septicaemic or systemic colibacillosis, with one case of necro-haemorrhagic metritis. NTEC1 and non-NTEC were not frequently antibiotic resistant. The most frequent resistant were to ampicillin, trimethoprim/sulfonamides and neomycin. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 161 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEuropean Citizenship Practice - A. Wiener
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Nations & Nationalism (2001), 7(1), 121-122

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailA comparative study of oral acetylsalicyclic acid and metoprolol for the prophylactic treatment of migraine. A randomized, controlled, double-blind, parallel group phase III study.
Diener, H. C.; Hartung, E.; Chrubasik, J. et al

in Cephalalgia : An International Journal of Headache (2001), 21(2), 120-8

This study was a multinational, multicentre, double-blind, active controlled phase III trial designed to investigate efficacy and safety of 300 mg acetylsalicyclic acid (ASA) (n = 135) vs. 200 mg ... [more ▼]

This study was a multinational, multicentre, double-blind, active controlled phase III trial designed to investigate efficacy and safety of 300 mg acetylsalicyclic acid (ASA) (n = 135) vs. 200 mg metoprolol (n = 135) in the prophylaxis of migraine. In total 270 (51 male and 219 female) patients, aged 18-65 years, suffering between two and six migraine attacks per month were recruited. The main objective was to show equivalence with respect to efficacy, defined as a 50% reduction in the rate of migraine attacks. A run-in phase was carried out with placebo for 4 weeks, followed by a 16-week drug phase. In both treatment groups the median frequency of migraine attacks improved during the study period, from three to two in the ASA group and from three to one in the metoprolol group; 45.2% of all metoprolol patients were responders compared with 29.6% with ASA. Medication-related adverse events were less frequent in the ASA group (37) than in the metoprolol group (73). The findings from this trial show that metoprolol is superior to ASA for migraine prophylaxis but has more side-effects. Acetylsalicylic acid is better tolerated than metoprolol. Using a strict responder criterion ASA showed a responder rate comparable with the placebo rate in the literature. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Plea to Bridge the Gap between Antifungals and the Management of Onychomycosis
ARRESE ESTRADA, Jorge ULg; Pierard-Franchimont, Claudine ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in American Journal of Clinical Dermatology (2001), 2(5), 281-4

Onychomycosis represents a stubborn problem for the clinician facing up to the realities of antifungal treatments. There are obvious discrepancies between data given by in vitro antifungal testings ... [more ▼]

Onychomycosis represents a stubborn problem for the clinician facing up to the realities of antifungal treatments. There are obvious discrepancies between data given by in vitro antifungal testings, pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics, and those gathered from clinical experience. This critical review is an attempt at bridging the gap between in vitro and in vivo information about oral antifungals that aim to treat onychomycoses. Common sense shows that the in vitro concept of fungicidy cannot be simply extrapolated into clinical practice. Indeed, chlamidoconidia and arthroconidia present in vivo are much more resistant to antifungals than hyphae. Corneofungimetry may be a realistic bioassay in predicting antifungal activity in human infections. Boosting hyphae growth from conidia while taking antifungals is a new and appealing treatment modality that deserves controlled study. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Vacuum UV Photoabsorption Spectrum of Methyl Chloride (CH3Cl) and its perdeuterated Isotopomer CD3Cl. I. A Rydberg Series Analysis.
Locht, Robert ULg; Leyh, Bernard ULg; Hoxha, A. et al

in Chemical Physics (2001), 272

The vacuum UV photoabsorption spectrum of CH3Cl has been recorded between 6 and 25 eV. A large number of vibronic bands are observed. These were partly ascribed to vibrationless Rydberg transitions. In ... [more ▼]

The vacuum UV photoabsorption spectrum of CH3Cl has been recorded between 6 and 25 eV. A large number of vibronic bands are observed. These were partly ascribed to vibrationless Rydberg transitions. In the higher energy range of 12-25 eV very weak diffuse bands are mostly assigned to transitions from the 3a1, 1e and 2a1 to 3s orbitals. In the 6-12 eV photon energy range, numerous weak to strong bands are observed. The sharpness of the features is very variable over the entire spectral region. In a first step, the interpretation of the spectrum and the assignment of the Rydberg transitions is based on the simple Rydberg formula. The observed features are classified in two groups of four series, each converging to one of the two spin-orbit components of the X2E state of CH3Cl+. Rydberg series of nsa1 (delta=1.069 and 1.064), npa1 (delta= 0.68 and 0.66), npe (delta= 0.438 and 0.427) and nd (delta= -0.040 and -0.092) characters are observed. The same measurements have been made for the first time on CD3Cl in the 6-12 eV photon energy range. The same Rydberg transitions are observed. Analogous series are characterized by about the same delta values: nsa1 (delta= 1.038 and 0.968), npa1 (delta= 0.65 and 0.61), npe (delta= 0.458 and 0.462) and nd (delta= -0.004 and -0.082). Ionization energies for CD3Cl X2E3/2 at 11.320 eV and X2E1/2 at 11.346 eV are deduced. In a second step, we fitted the experimental data for the nsa1 and npa1 states to an energy expression taking into account both the exchange interaction and the spin-orbit coupling. This accounts for the progressive switching from Hund's case (a) to Hund's case (c). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFlow rate quality of new flat fan nozzles
Huyghebaert, Bruno; Debouche, Charles ULg; Mostade, Olivier

in Transactions of the ASAE (2001), 44(4), 769-773

Manufacturers of spraying nozzles have established manufacturing tolerances to guarantee the quality of their products. They control, among other things, the new nozzles’ flow rate by comparison with the ... [more ▼]

Manufacturers of spraying nozzles have established manufacturing tolerances to guarantee the quality of their products. They control, among other things, the new nozzles’ flow rate by comparison with the nominal flow rate. When the deviation exceeds a set limit, the nozzles are rejected. A survey carried out among three manufacturers made it possible to determine the manufacturing tolerances and limits that manufacturers impose upon themselves. The flow rates of 1565 new nozzles collected on the market from these manufacturers were measured on a device developed for this study. Different statistical tests assessed the performances and characteristics of the products. The quality standards announced by the manufacturers were not checked for every nozzle. On average, 20% of the new nozzles exceeded the manufacturing tolerances. The average flow rate of the nozzle sets equalled the nominal flow rate. In practice, the probability distribution of the flow rate of new nozzles should be normal. The dispersion of the new nozzle flow rates was slightly higher than the theoretical one. The quality of the products differed from one manufacturer to another. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCollaborative learning in an educational robotics environment
Denis, Brigitte ULg; Hubert, Sylviane

in Computer in Human Behavior (2001), 17(5-6), 465-480

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA magnetic and conversion electron Mossbauer spectral study of amorphous Dy20Fe80-yCoy thin films
Fleury-Frenette, Karl ULg; Delwiche, Jacques ULg; Grandjean, Fernande ULg et al

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (2001), 37(4), 2311-2314

Amorphous thin films of Dy20Fe80-yCoy, with 0 < y < 20 and of ca. 40 nm thickness, have been prepared by sputtering on polyimide substrates. The 295 K conversion electron Mossbauer spectra (CEMS) of these ... [more ▼]

Amorphous thin films of Dy20Fe80-yCoy, with 0 < y < 20 and of ca. 40 nm thickness, have been prepared by sputtering on polyimide substrates. The 295 K conversion electron Mossbauer spectra (CEMS) of these films consist of broadened sextets which have been analyzed with a distribution of hyperfine fields in which the iron moments are oriented perpendicular to the plane of the film, an orientation which is in agreement with the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy observed herein at 295 K by vibrating sample magnetrometry. The average hyperfine field and isomer shift increase linearly with increasing Co content. Both increases arise from an increase in the electron occupation of the 3d states as the cobalt content increases. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIsokinetic evaluation of hip strength muscle groups in unilateral lower limb amputees
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Maertens De Noordhout, Benoît ULg; Maquet, Didier ULg et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2001), 9(4), 163-169

The objectives of the study were to measure the isokinetic strength of the hip flexor-extensor and adductor-abductor muscle groups in unilateral lower limb amputees and to evaluate abnormalities in order ... [more ▼]

The objectives of the study were to measure the isokinetic strength of the hip flexor-extensor and adductor-abductor muscle groups in unilateral lower limb amputees and to evaluate abnormalities in order to improve the usual rehabilitation programs. Thirty-three patients with unilateral lower limb amputation were included in this study; they served as their own controls, the amputated side being compared to the intact side. Using an isokinetic device, the relative peak torques (N.m by body weight), bilateral asymmetries and agonist/antagonist torque ratios were calculated for the hip flexor, extensor, adductor and abductor muscle groups. A significant reduction of mean concentric relative peak torque measured on the amputated limbs was generally observed when compared to the intact contralateral limb (p < 0.05). The mean percentage of relative peak torque decrease was greater for the extensors than for the flexors (33 +/- 20% and 22 +/- 23%, respectively, at 30degrees/s angular velocity), and for the abductors than for the adductors (23 +/- 22% and 11 +/- 19%, respectively, at 30degrees/s angular velocity). Furthermore, the flexor/extensor torque ratio was significantly increased for the amputated limb (for instance, 1.25 +/- 0.33 versus 1.09 +/- 0.25 for the intact limb at 30degrees/s). The reduction of the abductor/adductor ratio of the operated limb reached the level of statistical significance at 60degrees/s only (1.25 +/- 0.46 versus 1.07 +/- 0.36 for the intact limb). In conclusion, isokinetic testing revealed a significant reduction of the hip stabilizing muscle strength as a consequence of lower limb amputation. The more marked decrease of the strength of the abductor and extensor muscle groups, resulting in imbalances of the agonist/antagonist strength ratios should be taken into account to adapt the conventional rehabilitation programs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 250 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailÀ la croisée du temps, de l’aspect et du mode: Le conjonctif en néo-égyptien
Winand, Jean ULg

in Lingua Aegyptia [= LingAeg] (2001), (9), 293-329

Detailed reference viewed: 99 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThermal admittance spectroscopy of Mg-doped GaN Schottky diodes
Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Germain, Marianne; Schmeits, Marcel et al

in Journal of Applied Physics (2001), 90

Thermal admittance spectroscopy measurements at temperatures ranging from room temperature to 90 K are performed on Schottky structures based on Mg-doped GaN layers grown by metalorganic vapor phase ... [more ▼]

Thermal admittance spectroscopy measurements at temperatures ranging from room temperature to 90 K are performed on Schottky structures based on Mg-doped GaN layers grown by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy on sapphire. The analysis of the experimental data is made by a detailed theoretical study of the steady-state and small-signal electrical characteristics of the structures. Numerical simulations are based on the solution of the basic semiconductor equations for the structure consisting of two Schottky diodes connected back to back by a conduction channel formed by the GaN layer. The description explicitly includes the Mg-related acceptor level, with its temperature- and position-dependent incomplete occupation state, leading to a dynamic exchange with the valence band. It fully reproduces the variations with temperature of the capacitance-- frequency and conductance over frequency curves, allowing to give for all temperature ranges the origin of the various contributions to the junction capacitance and of the microscopic mechanisms responsible for the capacitance--frequency cutoff. Series resistance effects are shown to be dominant at temperatures above 230 K, whereas the Mg-related acceptor level governs the electrical behavior below 230 K. The existence of a second acceptor level with an activation energy of several tens of meV is revealed from the analysis of the characteristics at low temperature. An optimized fitting procedure based on the comparison of the electrical characteristics obtained from the numerical simulations to the experimental data allows one to determine the microscopic parameters describing the structure, among which the acceptor activation energies, thermal capture cross sections, concentrations, and the Schottky contact barrier heights are the most important ones. The obtained activation energy of the Mg-acceptor level of 210 meV is by a factor of 2 larger than that obtained from a classical Arrhenius plot, showing that a complete description of Mg-doped GaN junctions requires the correct treatment of the Mg level, acting as a dopant and as deep impurity, as well as the inclusion of series resistance effects. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 79 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailACTH silent adenoma shrinking under cabergoline.
Petrossians, Patrick ULg; Ronci, N.; Valdes Socin, Hernan Gonzalo ULg et al

in European Journal of Endocrinology (2001), 144(1), 51-57

OBJECTIVES: The authors present a case report that proposes the use of cabergoline treatment in silent ACTH adenoma, an unusual member of the heterogeneous group of the so-called clinically non ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: The authors present a case report that proposes the use of cabergoline treatment in silent ACTH adenoma, an unusual member of the heterogeneous group of the so-called clinically non-functioning pituitary adenomas. DESIGN: Following the clinical and radiological improvement of a recurrent silent ACTH adenoma in a 77-year-old patient treated with cabergoline (0.5 mg every 2 days for 2 years), in vitro studies of the original tumor were performed. METHODS: The original tumor from the patient was studied by in situ hybridization and dopamine D2 receptor autoradiography. It was compared with four macroprolactinomas and two macroadenomas from patients with Cushing's disease. RESULTS: The D2 receptor mRNA signal of the reported case was intense and of the same order of magnitude as that observed in control prolactinomas. Dopamine D2 receptor autoradiography was twice that of control corticotroph adenomas and was close to that observed in prolactinomas. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first description of an in vivo shrinkage of an ACTH silent adenoma under cabergoline. We demonstrate in vitro, the presence of D2 receptors in the primitive tumor in concentrations similar to those found in control prolactinomas. These results suggest that therapeutic trials with cabergoline might be undertaken in recurring cases of ACTH silent tumors and more generally, non-functioning pituitary adenomas. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailModelling short-term CO2 fluxes and long-term tree growth in temperate forests with ASPECTS
Rasse, Daniel P.; François, Louis ULg; Aubinet, Marc ULg et al

in Ecological Modelling (2001), 141(1-3), 35-52

The net ecosystem exchange (NEE) Of CO2 between temperate forests and the atmosphere governs both carbon removal from the atmosphere and forest growth. In recent years, many experiments have been ... [more ▼]

The net ecosystem exchange (NEE) Of CO2 between temperate forests and the atmosphere governs both carbon removal from the atmosphere and forest growth. In recent years, many experiments have been conducted to determine temperate forest NEE. These data have been used by forest modellers to better understand the processes that govern CO, fluxes, and estimate the evolution of these fluxes under changing environmental conditions. Nevertheless, it is not clear whether models capable of handling short-term processes, which are mostly source-driven, can provide an accurate estimate of long-term forest growth, which is potentially more influenced by sink- and phenology-related processes. To analyse the interactions between short- and long-term processes, we developed the ASPECTS model, which predicts long-term forest growth by integrating, over time, hourly NEE estimates. Validation data consisting of measurements of NEE by eddy-covariance and forest carbon reservoir estimates were obtained from mixed deciduous and evergreen experimental forests located in Belgium. ASPECTS accurately estimated both: (1) the NEE fluxes for several years of data; and (2) the amount of carbon contained in stems, branches, leaves, fine and coarse roots. Our simulations demonstrated that: (1) NEE measurements in Belgian forests are compatible with forest growth over the course of the 20th century, and (2) that forest history and long-term processes need to be considered for accurate simulation of short-term CO2 fluxes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (24 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMagnetic and conversion electron Mössbauer spectral study of amorphous thin films of DyxFe100-x and Dy20Fe80-yCoy
Fleury-Frenette, Karl ULg; Delwiche, Jacques ULg; Grandjean, Fernande ULg et al

in Journal of Applied Physics (2001), 90(4), 1934-1940

Amorphous thin films of DyxFe100-x and Dy20Fe80-yCoy, with various x and y values and of ∼40 nm thickness, have been prepared by sputtering on polyimide films. Their magnetization curves and the Mössbauer ... [more ▼]

Amorphous thin films of DyxFe100-x and Dy20Fe80-yCoy, with various x and y values and of ∼40 nm thickness, have been prepared by sputtering on polyimide films. Their magnetization curves and the Mössbauer spectra indicate that at 295 K the iron moments are preferentially oriented parallel to the film in Dy2Fe98 and that Dy6Fe94 is paramagnetic. The DyxFe100-x thin films, where x is 17, 20, 24, 29, 32, 35, and 37, show perpendicular magnetic anisotropies and moderate coercive fields of at most 150 kA/m, whereas the Dy20Fe80-yCoy thin films, where y is 8, 13, 16, and 20, thin films show stronger perpendicular anisotropies and larger coercive fields of ∼400 kA/m. The introduction of cobalt into the amorphous thin films increases their coercive field and the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. The Mössbauer spectra of the DyxFe100-x and Dy20Fe80-yCoy amorphous thin films consist of broadened sextets which have been analyzed with a distribution of hyperfine fields by assuming that the iron moments are oriented perpendicular to the plane of the film. Detailed fits of the Mössbauer spectrum of Dy20Fe80 indicate that the cone angle of the iron magnetic moments cannot be determined with accuracy. The average hyperfine fields in the DyxFe100-x amorphous thin films are smaller than those in the crystalline dysprosium-iron intermetallic compounds. The average hyperfine field increases from ∼140 kOe in the DyxFe100-x films to ∼220 kOe in the Dy20Fe80-yCoy films, an increase which is in agreement with the increase in the saturation magnetization. The x dependence of the isomer shift indicates that there is strong dysprosium-iron bonding, whereas the y dependence of the isomer shift reveals an enhancement of the d-electron localization. From earlier x-ray magnetic circular dichroism results and the Mössbauer spectral results presented herein, iron magnetic moments of 0.87 or 0.67 μB, corresponding to 2.9 or 2.8 holes in the iron 3d band, have been obtained for the DyxFe100-x amorphous thin films with x greater or smaller than 27, respectively [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTremblement essentiel: diagnostic différentiel et traitement
DELVAUX, Valérie ULg; MAERTENS DE NOORDHOUT, Alain ULg

in Médecine et Hygiène (2001), 59

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAn 'other-race' effect in age estimation from faces
Dehon, Hedwige ULg; Brédart, Serge ULg

in Perception (2001), 30(9), 1107-1113

Previous studies have shown that, in person-recognition tasks, people performance better for gaces belonging to their own race than for those belonging to another race. Recently, however, this 'other-race ... [more ▼]

Previous studies have shown that, in person-recognition tasks, people performance better for gaces belonging to their own race than for those belonging to another race. Recently, however, this 'other-race' effect has also been found in a sex-discrimination task (O'Toole et al, 1996, Perception 25, 669-676). In the present study, we investigated wheter this finding extends to age perception. Caucasian and African participants were asked to estimate the age of Caucasian and African faces. The main result of this experiment was a significant 'race of subject' x 'race of face' interaction showing that Caucasian participants performed better at evaluating Caucasian faces than African faces. However, African participants performed equally with both type of faces. This result is explained by the Africans' time of residence in Belgium. This implication of this 'older-race' effect for age estimation is discussed with respect to eyewitness reports. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 107 (27 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNumerical modelling of coupled transient phenomena
Charlier, Robert ULg; Radu, Jean-Pol ULg; Collin, Frédéric ULg

in Revue Française de Génie Civil (2001), 5(6), 719-743

The basic phenomena involved in thermo-hydro-mechanical processes in geomaterials have been described in the 1st chapter. The equations describing these phenomena are non-linear differential equations ... [more ▼]

The basic phenomena involved in thermo-hydro-mechanical processes in geomaterials have been described in the 1st chapter. The equations describing these phenomena are non-linear differential equations. Their solution can generally only be approximated thanks to numerical methods. This is the main subject of the present chapter. First the type of problems and the set of equations to be solved will be shortly recalled. Emphasis will be given on the non-linear contributions. In a second section, the mostly developed numerical method, i.e. the finite difference and the finite element methods will be discussed under the light of the problems to be treated. The iterative techniques allowing the solution of non linear equations will be described. A third section will be dedicated to the coupling terms and to their modelling. The question that rises then is How to model efficiently problems, which may differ highly from, the point of view of the time and length scales? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (14 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEthno-agricultural approach to the rural environment in the prevention of Kashin-Beck disease
Malaisse, François ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Mathieu, Françoise et al

in International Orthopaedics (2001), 25

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDetection of the 67-kD laminin receptor in prostate cancer biopsies as a predictor of recurrence after radical prostatectomy.
Waltregny, David ULg; De Leval, Laurence ULg; Coppens, Luc ULg et al

in European Urology (2001), 40(5), 495-503

OBJECTIVES: Reliable prognostic indicators are needed for a better pretherapeutic assessment of the agressiveness of organ-confined prostate cancer (PC) lesions. The 67-kD laminin receptor (67LR) is a ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: Reliable prognostic indicators are needed for a better pretherapeutic assessment of the agressiveness of organ-confined prostate cancer (PC) lesions. The 67-kD laminin receptor (67LR) is a cell-surface-associated protein involved in the acquisition of the invasive and metastatic phenotype of a variety of human cancer cell types. We have previously shown that 67LR detection in PC tissues from radical prostatectomy (RP) specimens is an independent predictor of biochemical (PSA) relapse in patients with clinically localized PC. In this study, we assessed 67LR detection in diagnostic PC biopsies as a predictor of biochemical relapse after RP. METHODS: Diagnostic biopsy and subsequent RP tissue specimens from 151 patients with clinically localized PC were immunohistochemically analyzed for 67LR expression. The level of 67LR expression was evaluated by both intensity and extent of the staining. Clinicopathological preoperative and postoperative parameters, including 67LR expression, were correlated with each other and tested as predictors of biochemical relapse. RESULTS: 67LR was detected in 67.5 and 68.2% of biopsies and RPs, respectively. 67LR detection in RP specimens was an independent predictor of relapse. The level of 67LR expression in the biopsy was significantly associated with the biopsy Gleason score (p<0.05) but failed to predict the pathological stage (p>0.1). Biochemical progression-free estimates for patients whose biopsy did or did not express the protein differed with only borderline statistical significance (p = 0.05). Multivariate analysis identified biopsy Gleason score as the only independent preoperative predictor of recurrence. Significant discrepancies in levels of 67LR expression were found between matched biopsy and RP specimens (p<0.05), with exact agreement rates <40%. CONCLUSIONS: 67LR detection in PC biopsies was not a significant preoperative predictor of outcome after RP. Heterogeneity of 67LR expression and biopsy sampling errors most likely represented the main reasons for discordant results between biopsy and RP specimens. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 103 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHST and ground-based observations of the gravitational lens system Q1009-0252 A & B
Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Khmil, S. V.; Lee, Dong Wook et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2001), 367

In this paper, we propose a critical study of direct images and spectra obtained for the doubly imaged QSO Q1009-0252 A & B (=LBQS1009-0252 A & B). First, we report new observations with the WFPC2 onboard ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we propose a critical study of direct images and spectra obtained for the doubly imaged QSO Q1009-0252 A & B (=LBQS1009-0252 A & B). First, we report new observations with the WFPC2 onboard the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), in which the lensing galaxy is very clearly detected. We combine these with existing NICMOS observations in order to characterize the nature and redshift of the lens. Our HST observations are also fitted with simple analytical lens models; estimates expected for the time delay and M/L of the lensing galaxy are derived. Secondly, new and existing ground-based observations are used in order to establish the first multicolour lightcurves of the lensed components. Although the time resolution is low, flux variability is detected for both components. Finally, ground-based spectroscopic observations published by Surdej et al. (1993) are re-processed with a new method designed to extract spectra with small angular separations. The final spectra are analysed on the basis of a simple model including macrolensing and microlensing amplifications and dust extinction. Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory (La Silla, Chile) and with the Hubble Space Telescope. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAdaptive significance of facultative paedomorphosis in Triturus alpestris (Amphibia, Caudata): resource partitioning in an alpine lake
Denoël, Mathieu ULg; Joly, Pierre

in Freshwater Biology (2001), 46(10), 1387-1396

1. Facultative paedomorphosis is a polymorphism that has important evolutionary implications in promoting morphological differentiation and variation in habitat use. It occurs in several urodele species ... [more ▼]

1. Facultative paedomorphosis is a polymorphism that has important evolutionary implications in promoting morphological differentiation and variation in habitat use. It occurs in several urodele species throughout the world. Several hypotheses based on life-history theory have been proposed to explain the wide range of habitats in which facultative paedomorphosis occurs, suggesting multifactorial causes. 2. In harsh habitats, such as mountain lakes, paedomorphosis might promote niche partitioning between morphs. This hypothesis was tested by comparing micro-habitat use and diet of two coexisting morphs in an alpine lake. 3. Paedomorphs occupied all microhabitats in the lake while metamorphs occurred only along the shoreline or at the water surface. Paedomorphic newts were frequent in deep water, where they foraged mainly on plankton. Plankton was poorly exploited by metamorphic newts, which fed mainly on terrestrial insects. Difference between morphs in microhabitat use, and consequently in the diet, were consistent in both sexes and in juveniles. 4. In adults, the mass and energy value of stomach contents did not differ between morphs, suggesting a similar food availability in the habitats occupied. 5. This study indicates habitat partitioning between morphs involving dietary differences. Specific benefits and costs of each ontogenetic pathway may allow their coexistence in this deep and fishless lake. Paedomorphosis benefits individual newts by making new food resources available and presumably reducing competition at the shore of the lake. However, the proximate causes of such an ontogenetic switch remain unclear. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 223 (18 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffects of lesions of the medial preoptic nucleus on the testosterone-induced metabolic changes in specific brain areas in male quail
Balthazart, Jacques ULg; Stamatakis, A.; Bacola, S. et al

in Neuroscience (2001), 108(3), 447-466

The effects of bilateral lesions of the medial preoptic nucleus in association with testosterone on the metabolic activity in discrete brain regions was studied quantitatively by the in vivo ... [more ▼]

The effects of bilateral lesions of the medial preoptic nucleus in association with testosterone on the metabolic activity in discrete brain regions was studied quantitatively by the in vivo autoradiographic 2-deoxyglucose method. Adult male quail were castrated and then left without hormone replacement therapy or treated with testosterone or treated with testosterone and submitted to a bilateral lesion of the medial preoptic nucleus, a brain region that plays a key role in the activation of male copulatory behavior by testosterone. Treatment for about 10 days with testosterone activated the expression of the full range of male sexual behaviors and these behaviors were completely suppressed by the medial preoptic nucleus lesions. Mapping of 2-deoxyglucose uptake revealed both increases and decreases of metabolic activity in discrete brain regions associated with the systemic treatment with testosterone as well as with the lesion of the medial preoptic nucleus. Testosterone affected the oxidative metabolism in brain areas that are known to contain sex steroid receptors (such as the nucleus taeniae and the paraventricular and ventromedial nuclei of the hypothalamus) but also in nuclei that are believed to be devoid of such receptors. Effects of testosterone in these nuclei may be indirect or reflect changes in terminals of axons originating in steroid-sensitive areas. Bilateral medial preoptic nucleus lesions affected 2-deoxyglucose uptake in a variety of brain regions. Some of these regions are known to be mono-synaptically connected to the medial preoptic nucleus. Metabolic depression in these areas may reflect retrograde changes in the neurons projecting to the damaged field. The metabolic changes identified in the present study confirm the prominent role of the preoptic area in the control of sexual behavior, show that changes in the physiology of the visual system represent one of the ways through which testosterone influences the occurrence of this behavior and demonstrate that the medial preoptic nucleus has marked effects on the metabolic activity in a variety of limbic and telencephalic structures. This study also indicates that the medial preoptic nucleus affects the activity of the area ventralis of Tsai, a dopaminergic area known to send projections to a variety of hypothalamic, thalamic and mesencephalic nuclei that are implicated in the control of male sexual behavior. These data therefore support the notion that the control of the dopaminergic activity in the area ventralis of Tsai by the medial preoptic nucleus represents one of the ways through which the medial preoptic area regulates male reproductive behavior. (C) 2001 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPositron emission tomography (PET) with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) for the staging of low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
Jerusalem, Guy ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg; Najjar, F. et al

in Annals of Oncology (2001), 12(6), 825-30

BACKGROUND: Although PET has been shown to be highly sensitive in the primary staging of lymphoma, previous studies with small numbers of patients indicated that low-grade NHL may not always be adequately ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Although PET has been shown to be highly sensitive in the primary staging of lymphoma, previous studies with small numbers of patients indicated that low-grade NHL may not always be adequately detected by PET. We undertook this study to determine factors influencing the detection of lesions by PET in low-grade NHL and to evaluate the utility of PET in this indication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-two patients underwent conventional staging procedures (clinical examination, oto-rhino-laryngologic examination, computed tomography of the chest, abdomen and pelvis, gastroscopy and bone marrow biopsy as well as whole-body non-attenuation corrected 18F-FDG-PET RESULTS: PET detected 40% more abnormal lymph node areas than conventional staging in follicular lymphoma but was inappropriate for the staging of small lymphocytic lymphoma where it detected less than 58% of abnormal lymph node areas. PET showed more lesions than conventional staging for peripheral (34% more lymph node areas detected) and thoracic lymph node (39% more) areas but not for abdominal or pelvic lymph nodes (26% fewer areas detected). The sensitivity to detect bone marrow infiltration was unacceptably low for PET. In contrast, PET was as effective as standard procedures for the detection of other extranodal localizations, although a few localizations were detected only by PET and a few others only by conventional procedures. CONCLUSIONS: PET may contribute to the management of patients with low-grade follicular NHL. For the other low-grade lymphoma subtypes, the role of PET is less evident. Further studies using PET to evaluate the results of treatment or to diagnose disease recurrence are warranted in low-grade follicular NHL. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (19 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVerifìcarea unei structuri metalice pentru depozitare paletizata la actinuea focului
Zaharia, R.; Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Zilele Academice Timisorene Editia VII - Buletinul Stiintific al Universitatii Politehnica din Timisoara (2001), 46(60), 288-298

The paper presents a fire design study case for a high-rise storage rack supporting building. Standardised ISO and natural fire models were considered for the fire action. The advanced numerical analysis ... [more ▼]

The paper presents a fire design study case for a high-rise storage rack supporting building. Standardised ISO and natural fire models were considered for the fire action. The advanced numerical analysis was carried out by means of SAFIR program, a FEM software specialised for the mechanical analysis of structures under elevated temperatures. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModerate hypothermia during cardiopulmonary bypass reduces myocardial cell damage and myocardial cell death related to cardiac surgery.
Vazquez-Jimenez, J. F.; Qing, M.; Hermanns, B. et al

in Journal of the American College of Cardiology (2001), 38(4), 1216-23

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that moderate hypothermia during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) provides myocardial protection by enhancing intra-myocardial anti-inflammatory ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that moderate hypothermia during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) provides myocardial protection by enhancing intra-myocardial anti-inflammatory cytokine balance. BACKGROUND: Moderate hypothermia during experimental CPB stimulates production of interleukin-10 (IL10) and blunts release of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha). METHODS: Twelve young pigs were assigned to a temperature (T degrees ) regimen during CPB: moderate hypothermia (T degrees : 28 degrees C; n = 6) and normothermia (T degrees : 37 degrees C; n = 6). Intra-myocardial TNFalpha- and IL10-messenger RNA were detected by competitive reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and quantification of cytokine synthesis by Western blot. Levels of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in cardiac lymph and in arterial and coronary venous blood were examined during and after CPB. Myocardial cell damage was assessed by histologic and ultrastructural anomalies of tissue probes taken 6 h after CPB. RESULTS: Synthesis of IL10 was significantly higher, while that of TNFalpha was significantly lower, in pigs that were in moderate hypothermia during surgery than in the others. In contrast with normothermia, moderate hypothermia was also associated with significantly lower cumulative cardiac lymphatic flow during and after CPB, significantly lower lymphatic cTnI concentrations after CPB, significantly lower percentages of myocardial cell necrosis and a significantly lower score of ultrastructural anomalies of myocardial cells. While the percentage of apoptotic cells was not different between groups, the apoptosis/necrosis ratio tended to be higher in animals that were in moderate hypothermia during surgery. In all animals, TNFalpha synthesis correlated positively while IL10 production correlated negatively with necrosis and total cell death, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that moderate hypothermia during CPB provides myocardial protection by enhancing intra-myocardial anti-inflammatory cytokine balance. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMagnetic properties of magnetically textured Bi-2212 ceramics
Vanderbemden, Philippe ULg; Bougrine, Hassan ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg et al

in Physica C: Superconductivity (2001), 351(1), 67-70

This paper aims at reporting magnetic properties of bulk polycrystalline Bi2Sr2Ca0.8Dy0.2Cu2O8-y samples textured under a magnetic field. The microstructure of these materials is highly anisotropic and ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at reporting magnetic properties of bulk polycrystalline Bi2Sr2Ca0.8Dy0.2Cu2O8-y samples textured under a magnetic field. The microstructure of these materials is highly anisotropic and exhibits particular features needed to be taken into account in order to interpret their magnetic and electrical properties. First the AC magnetic susceptibility has been measured for several magnetic fields (H parallel to ab and H parallel to c) and compared to the electrical resistivity data. The structure of the chi'' peak is shown to be related to the chemical content distribution of the superconducting grains. Next, the magnetic flux profiles have been extracted from the magnetic measurements using the Campbell-Rollins procedure. The anisotropy of the flux profiles and their peculiar curvature behaviour for H parallel toc point out the role of both grain platelet structure and the presence of secondary phases. From these results, we conclude that the magnetic properties of such magnetically textured materials do not allow for a reliable extraction of the critical current density J(c) but essentially probe geometric effects. Such effects have to be taken into account for improving the manufacture of attractive high-T-c materials. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe influence of stent length on clinical and angiographic outcome in patients undergoing elective stenting for native coronary artery lesions; final results of the Magic 5L Study.
Foley, D. P.; Pieper, M.; Wijns, W. et al

in European heart journal (2001), 22(17), 1585-93

AIMS: To prospectively evaluate the influence of stent length on 6 month clinical and angiographic outcome, in patients with native coronary lesions up to 45 mm in length, undergoing elective Magic ... [more ▼]

AIMS: To prospectively evaluate the influence of stent length on 6 month clinical and angiographic outcome, in patients with native coronary lesions up to 45 mm in length, undergoing elective Magic Wallstent implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: On the basis of pre-procedural angiography, 276 patients (aged 61.3+/-10.2 years; 78.6% male; 41.7% unstable angina) with a total of 302 lesions were prospectively assigned to one of five different length categories of Magic Wallstent. Angiography in multiple matched projections before and after implantation and at 6 months follow-up was analysed at the core laboratory. Primary end-points for the efficacy analysis were cumulative incidence of major adverse cardiac events and quantitative coronary angiography analysis 6 months after stent implantation. Magic Wallstent implantation was successful in 301 of 302 lesions and in 98.6% a residual stenosis <20% by online quantitative coronary angiography was achieved. At 30 days, 6.2% (1.8% subacute occlusion) of patients had experienced major adverse cardiac events, 27.5% at 6 months and 30.4% at 9 months. Angiographic restenosis occurred in 37%. Restenosis rates for the mini, extra-short, short, medium and long Wallstent groups were 25.9%, 25%, 22.6%, 36.2% and 67.5%, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed stent length to be independently associated with greater angiographic restenosis and major adverse cardiac events. CONCLUSIONS: While shorter Magic Wallstents provided late outcomes comparable with short balloon-expandable stents, excessive restenosis with longer Wallstents should obviate their use in elective percutaneous intervention. Long coronary lesions provide a challenging substrate for emerging antirestenosis therapies, such as stent coatings and brachytherapy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 1 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe ornithine decarboxylase gene is essential for cell survival during early murine development
Pendeville-Samain, Hélène ULg; Carpino, Nick; Marine, Jean-Christophe et al

in Molecular & Cellular Biology (2001), 21(19), 6549-58

Overexpression and inhibitor studies have suggested that the c-Myc target gene for ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the enzyme which converts ornithine to putrescine, plays an important role in diverse ... [more ▼]

Overexpression and inhibitor studies have suggested that the c-Myc target gene for ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the enzyme which converts ornithine to putrescine, plays an important role in diverse biological processes, including cell growth, differentiation, transformation, and apoptosis. To explore the physiological function of ODC in mammalian development, we generated mice harboring a disrupted ODC gene. ODC-heterozygous mice were viable, normal, and fertile. Although zygotic ODC is expressed throughout the embryo prior to implantation, loss of ODC did not block normal development to the blastocyst stage. Embryonic day E3.5 ODC-deficient embryos were capable of uterine implantation and induced maternal decidualization yet failed to develop substantially thereafter. Surprisingly, analysis of ODC-deficient blastocysts suggests that loss of ODC does not affect cell growth per se but rather is required for survival of the pluripotent cells of the inner cell mass. Therefore, ODC plays an essential role in murine development, and proper homeostasis of polyamine pools appears to be required for cell survival prior to gastrulation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (7 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailUse of multiple electrophysiological techniques to get insigh into the mode of action of an insecticide, fipronil
Grolleau, Françoise; Alix, Philippe ULg; Le Corronc, Hervé et al

in Veterinary and Human Toxicology (2001), 43(4), 238

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVesical varices in a patient with portal hypertension.
Gaspar, Yves; Detry, Olivier ULg; de Leval, Jean ULg

in New England Journal of Medicine [=NEJM] (2001), 345(20), 1503-4

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (10 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFine-mapping and construction of a bovine contig spanning the ovine callipyge locus.
Shay, T. L.; Berghmans, S.; SEGERS, Karin ULg et al

in Mammalian Genome : Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society (2001), 12(2), 141-9

The callipyge (CLPG) gene was fine-mapped by linkage analysis to a 4.6-cM chromosome interval on distal ovine OAR18q, flanked by microsatellite markers IDVGA30 and OY3. The OAR18q linkage map and human ... [more ▼]

The callipyge (CLPG) gene was fine-mapped by linkage analysis to a 4.6-cM chromosome interval on distal ovine OAR18q, flanked by microsatellite markers IDVGA30 and OY3. The OAR18q linkage map and human HSA14q transcript map were aligned by genotyping two bovine-hamster whole-genome radiation hybrid panels with the microsatellite markers, as well as with sequences corresponding to HSA 14q genes. Using Type I loci mapping to the IDVGA30-OY3 interval as anchor points, we have constructed a 1.4-Mb bovine BAC contig containing the IDVGA30-OY3 interval. We demonstrate that the IDVGA30-OY3 interval spans approximately 770 kb and contains at least four genes: YY1, WARS, DLK1, and GTL2. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailChanges in peroxidase activity, and level of phenolic compounds during light-induced plantlet regeneration from Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn. nodes in vitro
Arezki, Ouoimare; Boxus, Philippe; Kevers, Claire ULg et al

in Plant Growth Regulation (2001), 33(3), 215-219

Node cultures of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn in Petri dishes in vitro under darkness in the presence of an auxin developed meristematic agglomerates (4 to 6 diameter), i.e. dense shoot clusters in which ... [more ▼]

Node cultures of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn in Petri dishes in vitro under darkness in the presence of an auxin developed meristematic agglomerates (4 to 6 diameter), i.e. dense shoot clusters in which outgrowth of numerous successive buds is limited. Similar cultures under a 16 photoperiod produced small green plantlets with reduced leaves often presenting white hypertrophied lenticels and very short roots crowning the stem bases. The use of half-litre glass vials under light allowed direct development of well-developed rooted plantlets, either in the presence of the same auxin or in the presence of a cytokinin. Light favoured an increase in phenolic compounds and a reverse variation of peroxidase activity during the culture cycles. These aspects are discussed in terms of a possible regulation of the endogenous auxin level through a light control of peroxidase activity and the level of phenolic compounds. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRichesse du patrimoine campanaire liégeois : un carillon de Nicolas Chapelle pour la Collégiale Sainte-Croix en 1621
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg; Mélard, Marc; Félix, Jean-Pierre

in Bulletin de la Société Royale Le Vieux-Liège (2001), 294

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailHepatotoxicity with thiazolidinediones: is it a class effect?
Scheen, André ULg

in Drug Safety : An International Journal of Medical Toxicology & Drug Experience (2001), 24(12), 873-88

Decreased insulin sensitivity plays a major role in various human diseases. particularly type 2 diabetes mellitus, and is associated with a higher risk of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular complications ... [more ▼]

Decreased insulin sensitivity plays a major role in various human diseases. particularly type 2 diabetes mellitus, and is associated with a higher risk of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular complications. Thiazolidinediones, more commonly termed glitazones, are the first drugs to specifically target muscular insulin resistance. They have proven efficacy for reducing plasma glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated with diet alone, sulphonylureas, metformin or insulin. In addition, they are associated with some improvement of the cardiovascular risk profile. However, troglitazone, the first compound approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the US, proved to be hepatotoxic and was withdrawn from the market after the report of several dozen deaths or cases of severe hepatic failure requiring liver transplantation. It remains unclear whether or not hepatotoxicity is a class effect or is related to unique properties of troglitazone. Rosiglitazone and pioglitazone, two other glitazones, appear to have similar efficacy with regard to blood glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus as compared with troglitazone. In controlled clinical trials, the incidence of significant (> or =3 x upper limit of normal) increases in liver enzyme levels (ALT in particular) was similar with rosiglitazone or pioglitazone as compared with placebo, whereas troglitazone was associated with a 3-fold greater incidence. In contrast to the numerous case reports of acute liver failure in patients receiving troglitzone, only a few case reports of hepatotoxicity have been reported in patients treated with rosiglitazone until now, with a causal relationship remaining uncertain. Furthermore, no single case of severe hepatotoxicity has been reported yet with pioglitazone. It should be mentioned that troglitazone, unlike pioglitazone and rosiglitazone, induces the cytochrome P450 isoform 3A4, which is partly responsible for its metabolism, and may be prone to drug interactions. Importantly enough, obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus are associated with liver abnormalities, especially non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, independent of any pharmacological treatment. This association obviously complicates the selection of patients who are good candidates for a treatment with glitazones as well as the monitoring of liver tests after initiation of therapy with any thiazolidinedione compound. While regular monitoring of liver enzymes is still recommended and more long term data are desirable, current evidence from clinical trials and postmarketing experience in the US supports the conclusion that rosiglitazone and pioglitazone do not share the hepatotoxic profile of troglitazone. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAutosomal recessive segregation of a truncating mutation of anti-Mullerian type II receptor in a family affected by the persistent Mullerian duct syndrome contrasts with its dominant negative activity in vitro.
Messika-Zeitoun, L.; Gouedard, L.; Belville, C. et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2001), 86(9), 4390-7

Anti-Mullerian hormone belongs to the TGFbeta family whose members exert their effects by signaling through two related serine/threonine kinase receptors. Mutations of the anti-Mullerian hormone type II ... [more ▼]

Anti-Mullerian hormone belongs to the TGFbeta family whose members exert their effects by signaling through two related serine/threonine kinase receptors. Mutations of the anti-Mullerian hormone type II receptor occur naturally, causing the persistent Mullerian duct syndrome. In a family with two members with persistent Mullerian duct syndrome and one normal sibling, we detected two novel mutations of the anti-Mullerian hormone type II receptor gene. One, transmitted by the mother to her three sons, is a deletion of a single base leading to a stop codon, causing receptor truncation after the transmembrane domain. The other, a missense mutation in the substrate-binding site of the kinase domain, is transmitted by the father to the two sons affected by persistent Mullerian duct syndrome, indicating a recessive autosomal transmission as in other cases of persistent Mullerian duct syndrome. Truncating mutations in receptors of the TGFbeta family exert dominant negative activity, which was seen only when each of the mutant anti-Mullerian hormone receptors was overexpressed in an anti-Mullerian hormone-responsive cell line. We conclude that assessment of dominant activity in vitro, which usually involves overexpression of mutant genes, does not necessarily produce information applicable to clinical conditions, in which mutant and endogenous genes are expressed on a one to one basis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfo-congres. La cochrane collaboration, porte-parole de la medecine factuelle.
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(11), 796-8

During the 9th International Cochrane Colloquium (Lyon October 9-13, 2001), around 700 participants discussed about how to make the evidence dissemination process more efficient in order to promote the ... [more ▼]

During the 9th International Cochrane Colloquium (Lyon October 9-13, 2001), around 700 participants discussed about how to make the evidence dissemination process more efficient in order to promote the Evidence-Based Medicine. The best evidence is summarized in systematic reviews of randomised and/or controlled clinical trials within the Cochrane Library which are prepared with a high methodological quality. However, these reviews should be completed to cover all medical domains, be actualized regularly, and, most importantly, be better known and more largely used by physicians in routine practice. All these objectives could not be attained without an official recognition and a financial support by the public health authorities. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailB2 agonists cross the bovine placenta
Boutet, Philippe ULg; Uysterpruyst, C. H.; Degand, Guy ULg et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (2001), 442(R41),

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPictures in cell biology. Spatial dynamics of rRNAs.
Thiry, Marc ULg; Cheutin, T.; O'Donohue, M. F. et al

in Trends in Cell Biology (2001), 11(4), 147

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa prescription extinctive en droit du travail
Kefer, Fabienne ULg; Clesse, Jacques ULg

in Journal des Tribunaux du Travail (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVoix de la mémoire et causes obscures
Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg

in Cahiers de Psychologie Clinique (2001), 16

Freud a établi un lien très fort entre Inconscient et temporalité puisque, à l'inverse de toutes nos autres productions personnelles, seul celui-ci ne subirait pas les outrages du temps. Ce texte tente de ... [more ▼]

Freud a établi un lien très fort entre Inconscient et temporalité puisque, à l'inverse de toutes nos autres productions personnelles, seul celui-ci ne subirait pas les outrages du temps. Ce texte tente de montrer l'importance et la richesse de cette intuition freudienne à travers l'analyse du film de W. Wenders, 'Lisbon Story'. Il nous faut alors, pour reprendre les propos de Freud constater que la structure de nos temporalités intérieures est complexe, à la fois immuable et en perpétuelle transformation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailL'activité physique de jeunes adolescents en Communauté française de Belgique
Piéron, Maurice; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Revue de l'Education Physique (2001), 41(1), 42-48

La santé figure dans la plupart des préoccupations des théoriciens et des praticiens de l'éducation physique. Les effets de santé associés à la pratique régulière d'activités physiques suscitent un ... [more ▼]

La santé figure dans la plupart des préoccupations des théoriciens et des praticiens de l'éducation physique. Les effets de santé associés à la pratique régulière d'activités physiques suscitent un intérêt fondamental chez de nombreux chercheurs. En effet, à deux reprises, un groupe de consensus s'est réuni pour établir un bilan des certitudes et des doutes en matière de relations entre l'activité physique et la santé. ... [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailStability of strange quark matter in an effective chiral model with scale anomaly
Jaminon, Martine ULg; Van den Bossche, Bruno

in Nuclear Physics A (2001), 686

Stability of strange quark matter is investigated within a chiral model which implements the scale anomaly of QCD. As far as quark confinement is mimicked by a large value of the u-quark mass, the model ... [more ▼]

Stability of strange quark matter is investigated within a chiral model which implements the scale anomaly of QCD. As far as quark confinement is mimicked by a large value of the u-quark mass, the model behaves in the chiral limit as a MIT bag model: it yields a stable system composed of quarks surrounded by the vacuum. As soon as finite current quark masses are taken into account, stability is however lost. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA psycho-endocrinological overview of transsexualism
Michel, Aude; Mormont, Christian ULg; Legros, Jean-Jacques ULg

in European Journal of Endocrinology (2001), 145(4), 365-376

The technical possibility of surgical sex change has opened up a debate concerning the legitimacy and utility of carrying out such an intervention at the request of the transsexual. Diagnostic ... [more ▼]

The technical possibility of surgical sex change has opened up a debate concerning the legitimacy and utility of carrying out such an intervention at the request of the transsexual. Diagnostic, psychological, medical and ethical arguments have been brought forth, both for and against. Nonetheless, anatomical transformation by surgical means has currently become a practice as the frequency of serious gender identity disorders is constantly progressing. After a brief introduction, the present paper will consider typological, aetiological and epidemiological aspects of transsexualism. Treatment of the sex change applicant is then defined and discussed in terms of psychological, psychiatric, endocrinological and surgical aspects. Finally, the question of post-operation follow-up will be examined. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailHuman viral infections derived from food
Scipioni, Alexandra ULg; Daube, Georges ULg; Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Point Vétérinaire (2001), 32(218, AUG-SEP),

Several viruses may be transmitted to humans via food including hepatitis A and E virus (VHA and VHE), Norwalk type calicivirus, rotavirus and astrovirus. Enterovirus and enteric adenovirus may also be ... [more ▼]

Several viruses may be transmitted to humans via food including hepatitis A and E virus (VHA and VHE), Norwalk type calicivirus, rotavirus and astrovirus. Enterovirus and enteric adenovirus may also be transmitted. Sick people or healthy carriers excrete these viruses in their stools. Shellfish and water are the most frequently contaminated foodstuffs. Another route of infection is during handling of food. Detection of these viruses in food is complex for several reasons: the interaction of virus and food makes viral concentration and purification difficult, in vitro culture of these viruses is difficult if not impossible, and the quantity of virus present in the sample is low. Molecular technology (PCR) is the most suitable method of detection. Another method is to choose an indicator of viral faecal contamination. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 101 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailOpettajankoulutus Belgiassa
Renaville, François ULg

in Tempus (2001), (1), 18-19

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (24 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIncreased Camp Levels and Protein Kinase (Pka) Type I Activation in Cd4+ T Cells and B Cells Contribute to Retrovirus-Induced Immunodeficiency of Mice (Maids): A Useful in Vivo Model for Drug Testing
Rahmouni, Souad ULg; Aandahl, Einar Martin; Trebak, Mohamed et al

in FASEB Journal (2001), 15(8), 1466-1468

Murine AIDS (MAIDS) is characterized by a lymphoproliferative disease and a profound anergy, which involves mostly CD4(+) T cells. To better define the mechanisms responsible for anergy, we measured cAMP ... [more ▼]

Murine AIDS (MAIDS) is characterized by a lymphoproliferative disease and a profound anergy, which involves mostly CD4(+) T cells. To better define the mechanisms responsible for anergy, we measured cAMP concentrations in the different lymphocyte subsets of the infected mice. CD4(+) T cells and B cells displayed a dramatic 10- to 30-fold increase of cAMP. cAMP was also significantly increased in CD8(+) T cells, although to a far lesser extent. The unusual CD4(+) CD90(-) T cells, typical of MAIDS, were characterized by a much higher cAMP level than their CD90(+) counterparts. T cells of the infected mice were much more sensitive to inhibition by the cAMP analogue 8-CPT-cAMP, which confirmed increased in vivo exposure to cAMP. In accordance with the increased cAMP levels, PKA type I was constitutively activated and its C subunit was translocated to the nucleus. Finally, the profound T-cell anergy associated with MAIDS could be reversed by treating T cells with a PKA type I-selective antagonist ex vivo. MAIDS could constitute a suitable model for the study of new pharmacological agents aimed at reversing the immunosuppressive effects of cAMP previously shown to be involved in several pathological states, including HIV infection and common variable immunodeficiency. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (7 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe tympan de l’Enfance du Christ à la cathédrale de Strasbourg (l’iconographie)
Van den Bossche, Benoît ULg

in Grenzenlos. Historische Zeitschrift der Erwin-von-Steinbach-Stiftung (2001), 14

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOn the symmetry of the age field of a passive tracer released into a one-dimensional fluid flow by a point-source
Deleersnijder, E.; Delhez, Eric ULg; Crucifix, M. et al

in Bulletin de la Société Royale de Liège (2001), 70

Tracer is released from a point-source into an incompressible, one-dimensional fluid flow, with constant velocity and diffusivity. The age of a tracer parcel, which is defined as the time elapsed since ... [more ▼]

Tracer is released from a point-source into an incompressible, one-dimensional fluid flow, with constant velocity and diffusivity. The age of a tracer parcel, which is defined as the time elapsed since leaving the source, may be evaluated as the ratio of the age concentration to the tracer concentration. The latter are governed by two partial differential equations. Time-dependent analytical solutions are derived, which show that the age is symmetric with respect to the source. This is astonishing, since it could have been expected that the age would reflect somehow the strong asymmetry of the tracer concentration, which tends to be much larger on the downstream side of the source than on the upstream side. Some finite-difference counterparts of this problem are seen to lead to age fields which, in their steady-state limit, are also symmetric with respect to the source. This is believed to be helpful to interpret the results of numerical models of complex fluid flows in which the age is introduced as a diagnostic variable. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe portage asymptomatique de Microsporum canis chez le chat
Mignon, Bernard ULg; Brouta, F.; Descamps, F. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2001), 145

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPex, Analytical Tools For Pdb Files. II. H-Pex: Noncanonical H-Bonds In Alpha-Helices
Thomas, Annick ULg; Benhabiles, N.; Meurisse, R. et al

in Proteins-Structure Function and Genetics (2001), 43(1), 37-44

We use the H-Pex (Thomas et al., this issue) to analyze the main chain interactions in 131 proteins. In antiparallel beta-sheets, the geometry of the N...O bond is: median N...O distances, 2.9 SA, C==O ... [more ▼]

We use the H-Pex (Thomas et al., this issue) to analyze the main chain interactions in 131 proteins. In antiparallel beta-sheets, the geometry of the N...O bond is: median N...O distances, 2.9 SA, C==O...N angles at 154 degrees and the C alpha--C==O...H angles are dispersed around 3 degrees. In some instances, the other side of the C==O axis is occupied by a HC alpha. As recently supported by Vargas et al. (J Am Chem Soc 2000;122:4750-4755) C alpha H...O and NH...O could cooperate to sheet stability. In alpha-helices, the main chain C==O interact with the NH of their n + 4 neighbor on one side, and with a C beta H or C gamma H on the other side. The median O...N distance (3.0 A) and C==N angle (147 degrees) suggest a canonical H-bond, but the C alpha--C==O...H dihedral angle invalidates this option, since the hydrogen attacks the oxygen at 122 degrees, i.e., between the sp(2) and pi orbitals. This supports that the H-bond is noncanonical. In many instances, the C gamma H or the C beta H of the n + 4 residue stands opposite to the NH with respect to the oxygen. Therefore, we propose that, in alpha-helices, the C gamma H or C beta H and the NH of the n + 4 residue hold the oxygen like an electrostatic pincher. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailProtein adsorption on preadsorbed polyampholytic monolayers
Mahltig, Boris; Werner, Carsten; Müller, Martin et al

in Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition (2001), 12(9), 995-1010

The adsorption behaviour of five different globular proteins on pure silicon substrates and on preadsorbed polyampholytic monolayers has been investigated as a function of protein concentration. The ... [more ▼]

The adsorption behaviour of five different globular proteins on pure silicon substrates and on preadsorbed polyampholytic monolayers has been investigated as a function of protein concentration. The prelayers were prepared by adsorption of the ampholytic diblock copolymer poly(methacrylic acid)-block-poly ((dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (PMAA-b-PDMAEMA). This polyampholyte adsorbs in densely packed micelles directly from aqueous solution. Ellipsometry was used to determine the amount of adsorbed polyampholyte and protein. While ATR-IR spectroscopy gives information about the adsorption and desorption behaviour of the preadsorbed polyampholytic layer, the lateral structures of the dried films were investigated by scanning force microscopy (SFM). The amount of protein adsorbed was found to be strongly influenced by the preadsorbed polyampholyte compared to the adsorption on the pure silicon substrates. No displacement of the polyampholyte by the proteins was detected. In most cases the protein adsorption was reduced by the preadsorbed polyampholytic layer. The observed trends are explained by the change in electrostatic and hydrophilic characteristics of the substrates. Furthermore, the entropy of adsorption has to be taken into account. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailVers un système d'information régional à caractère territorial
Rondeux, Jacques ULg

in Cahiers de l'Urbanisme (Les) (2001), (34), 73-79

Il n'est pas imaginable de penser, d'agir et de décider en matière de développement du territoire wallon, sans disposer d'informations de qualité sur les différentes facettes de l'occupation de l'espace ... [more ▼]

Il n'est pas imaginable de penser, d'agir et de décider en matière de développement du territoire wallon, sans disposer d'informations de qualité sur les différentes facettes de l'occupation de l'espace et nombre d'activités très diversifiées qui en découlent ou l'influencent. Créer une structure fonctionnelle interactive organisant la cohérence des données pertinentes, disponibles ou à récolter, évaluer leur validité, assurer et contrôler leur diffusion, en un mot gérer celles-ci pour mieux les valoriser justifie la création d'un outil mobilisateur d'aide à la décision dont les principaux objectifs, les concepts, l'organisation et les perspectives sont décrits dans les lignes qui suivent. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPex, Analytical Tools For Pdb Files. I. Gf-Pex: Basic File To Describe A Protein
Thomas, Annick ULg; Bouffioux, O.; Geeurickx, D. et al

in Proteins-Structure Function and Genetics (2001), 43(1), 28-36

Pex are created to extract numeric and string descriptions of protein structures from PDB files. This concerns covalent bond lengths and angles, secondary structures, residues in interaction, H-bond ... [more ▼]

Pex are created to extract numeric and string descriptions of protein structures from PDB files. This concerns covalent bond lengths and angles, secondary structures, residues in interaction, H-bond lengths and geometry, etc. Several kinds of Pex are generated: (1) general feature (GF-Pex); (2) H-bond (H-Pex); and (3) accessible surface (AS-Pex) and force potential (FP-Pex). We describe the general principles of Pex and detail the GF-Pex files. Using the GF-Pex of 131 proteins, we analyze the mean residue frequencies, the straight phi/psi distribution and the major kinds of secondary structures in proteins. Thomas et al. (this issue) analyzes the main chain H-bonds in those proteins. The GF-Pex and H-Pex files of the 131 proteins can be downloaded from the CBMN site (http://www.fsagx.ac.be/bp/). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailActualites therapeutiques 2001.
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(9), 612-24

The most important drugs registered and/or launched in Belgium during the last year in the various disciplines of internal medicine will be briefly described. The main characteristics of each molecule as ... [more ▼]

The most important drugs registered and/or launched in Belgium during the last year in the various disciplines of internal medicine will be briefly described. The main characteristics of each molecule as well as its modalities of appropriate use in clinical practice will be pointed out. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailChronic rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm manifesting as crural neuropathy.
Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg; SakalihasanN, Natzi ULg; LAVIGNE, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Annals of Vascular Surgery (2001), 15(3), 405-11

Chronic rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) resulting in unusual clinical manifestations can occur if the resistance of structures surrounding the aorta is sufficient to contain hemorrhage. In this ... [more ▼]

Chronic rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) resulting in unusual clinical manifestations can occur if the resistance of structures surrounding the aorta is sufficient to contain hemorrhage. In this report, we describe five cases of chronic ruptured AAA in which the presenting feature was crural neuropathy. All patients were male with a mean age of 74 +/- 1.8 years. At the time of presentation, crural neuropathy had been ongoing for 3 to 9 weeks. In three cases, AAA was not initially suspected because an inadequate clinical examination was performed (not in the vascular surgery department) and because of the small diameter of the aorta in relation to the patient's morphology. Two patients had one episode of hypotension that was wrongly attributed to vagal attack. Abdominal CT scanning was always diagnostic of chronic rupture. In two cases, rupture was associated with erosion of the body of one or more vertebrae and laboratory evidence of inflammation, i.e., increase in sedimentation rate and fibrinogen level. The mean diameter of the AAA was 7.1 +/- 0.9 cm (range 5-10 cm). All patients underwent midline laparotomy, which was performed under emergency conditions in two cases, under semi-emergency conditions in one case, and electively in two cases. Perforation was consistently located on the posterolateral wall of the aorta and varied from 1 to 3 cm in length. Repair was performed using an aortobifemoral prosthesis in four cases, and a straight tube in one case. The patient who underwent emergency surgery died 4 days after the procedure. The remaining four patients recovered uneventfully and were discharged after 10 days. In the elderly, ruptured AAA should be included in the differential diagnosis of crural neuropathy. An episode of hypotension, regardless of its duration, in an elderly patient should be given serious consideration as a possible sign of ruptured AAA with ongoing retroperitoneal hemorrhage. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBacterial Intestinal Flora Associated with Enterotoxaemia in Belgian Blue Calves
Manteca, Christophe; Daube, Georges ULg; Pirson, Vincianne et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (2001), 81(1), 21-32

The enterotoxaemia syndrome in Belgian Blue calves is characterised by a high case fatality rate, sudden death, lesions of haemorrhagic enteritis of the small intestine and, quite often an absence of ... [more ▼]

The enterotoxaemia syndrome in Belgian Blue calves is characterised by a high case fatality rate, sudden death, lesions of haemorrhagic enteritis of the small intestine and, quite often an absence of other clinical signs but its cause has not been yet identified. As a first step in this identification, the aerobic and anaerobic intestinal flora of a population of 78 calves, originating from farms located in southern Belgium and that died in circumstances defined as "calf enterotoxaemia" (study population) and of 64 calves that died in other circumstances (control population) were studied qualitatively and quantitatively. The colonies were identified after subcultures with appropriate API sugar sets. Anaerobically Clostridium perfringens was isolated in higher numbers (mean values of 10(7)-10(7.5) colony forming units (CFU) versus 10(4)-10(5) CFU per ml of intestinal content) and from more animals (79 versus 19%) in the study population than in the control population, although individual results from both populations could overlap. Other clostridial species, i.e. mainly urease-negative C. sordellii and C. bifermentans, were isolated in high numbers (>10(6) CFU per ml of intestinal content) from a few animals in the study population only. All but one of the 705 C. perfringens isolates from both populations belonged to the A toxin type and none of the urease-negative C. sordellii was toxigenic. Gram-negative anaerobes were not isolated in high numbers from any of the samples. Aerobically beta-haemolytic E. coli were significantly more frequent among the study population, but were isolated from only 25% of the animals. Salmonella Typhimurium was isolated from only two animals in the study population. Less than 1% of the E. coli isolated were verotoxigenic and one-third were necrotoxigenic. At this stage only non-enterotoxigenic type A C. perfringens are thus statistically associated with the enterotoxaemia syndrome in Belgian Blue calves and fulfil the first of the Koch's postulates. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 113 (3 ULg)
See detailSyrie pré-hellénistique: Tell Beydar
Van der Stede, Véronique ULg; Talon, Philippe

in Annales d'Histoire de l'Art et d'Archéologie (2001), XXIII

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'exercice physique pour prevenir l'obesite, favoriser l'amaigrissement et maintenir la perte ponderale.
Scheen, André ULg; Rorive, Marcelle ULg; Letiexhe, Michel ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(4), 244-7

Obesity is a multifactorial disease making difficult the determination of the precise role of one specific factor such as physical activity or sedentary. Nevertheless, numerous arguments, derived from ... [more ▼]

Obesity is a multifactorial disease making difficult the determination of the precise role of one specific factor such as physical activity or sedentary. Nevertheless, numerous arguments, derived from epidemiological observational studies or from randomized controlled interventional trials, support a favourable role of regular physical activity in the control of body weight. Physical activity contributes to prevent the occurrence of weight excess, especially in children or adolescents, to obtain a satisfactory weight loss, in general in combination with reduced-energy diets, and to maintain long-term weight loss. In addition, physical activity improves both the metabolic profile and health of obese subjects. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of hemodiafiltration on pulmonary hemodynamics in a model of porcin endotoxin shock
Moonen, Marie ULg; LAMBERMONT, Bernard ULg; Kolh, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of the American Society of Nephrology [=JASN] (2001), 12

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPharma clinics. Le medicament du mois. Le clopidogrel (Plavix).
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(3), 186-9

Clopidogrel is launched in Belgium by Sanofi-Synthelabo and Bristol-Myers Squibb under the trade name of Plavix. It is a potent and irreversible ADP receptor antagonist that proved to be more effective ... [more ▼]

Clopidogrel is launched in Belgium by Sanofi-Synthelabo and Bristol-Myers Squibb under the trade name of Plavix. It is a potent and irreversible ADP receptor antagonist that proved to be more effective than aspirin as antiplatelet agent in the multicentre, randomised double-blind CAPRIE study. It is indicated, at a dosage of 75 mg/day, for the reduction of atherosclerotic events including myocardial infarction, ischaemic stroke and vascular death in patients with atherosclerosis manifested by recent stroke, myocardial infarction or established peripheral vascular disease. Furthermore, recent studies demonstrated that the combination of clopidogrel with aspirin is more effective than aspirin alone and better tolerated than the combination ticlopidine-aspirin for the prevention of atherothrombosis after placement of intravascular stents. Ongoing trials are evaluating the efficacy and safety of such clopidogrel-aspirin combination after acute ischaemic coronary events or in patients at very high risk of stroke. Thus the indications of clopidogrel may become even larger in a next future. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOn the sources of work hardening in multiphase steels assisted by transformation-induced plasticity
Jacques, Pascal J.; Furnémont, Quentin; Mertens, Anne ULg et al

in Philosophical Magazine A (2001), 81(7), 1789-1812

The mechanisms effectively responsible for the enhancement of the work-hardening capabilities of multiphase steels assisted by transformation-induced plasticity are highlighted. Different microstructures ... [more ▼]

The mechanisms effectively responsible for the enhancement of the work-hardening capabilities of multiphase steels assisted by transformation-induced plasticity are highlighted. Different microstructures, some containing a proportion of retained austenite with various mechanical stabilities, are studied. The dislocation density generated within ferrite by the mechanically induced martensitic transformation of retained austenite is shown to scale with the incremental work-hardening exponent. The acoustic emission generated during tensile straining was also measured. The acoustic emission was revealed to result mainly from dislocation motion, especially from the motion of the additional dislocation density generated in intercritical ferrite by the strain-induced martensitic transformation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 86 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWell-ordered spherical mesoporous materials CMI-1 synthesized via an assembly of decaoxyethylene cetyl ether and TMOS
Blin, Jean-Luc; Léonard, Alexandre ULg; Su, Bao-Lian

in Chemistry of Materials (2001), 13(10), 3542-3553

Well-ordered spherical CMI-1 mesoporous materials with a hexagonal arrangement of channels, analogous to MCM-41, have been directly synthesized by variation of the weight percentage of decaoxyethylene ... [more ▼]

Well-ordered spherical CMI-1 mesoporous materials with a hexagonal arrangement of channels, analogous to MCM-41, have been directly synthesized by variation of the weight percentage of decaoxyethylene cetyl ether [C 16(EO) 10] in aqueous solution. XRD, TEM, SEM, and nitrogen adsorption-desorption results led us to propose two different synthesis pathways for surfactant concentrations higher and lower than 30 wt %, respectively. For samples obtained with an elevated surfactant concentration (>30 wt %), in addition to the possible perturbation induced by methanol released in low amount during the hydrolysis of TMOS, other factors such as the interactions of the silica source with hydrophilic chain heads of surfactant molecules should also disturb the preformed hexagonal micelle array, and disordered wormhole mesostructured materials (DWM), analogous to MSU, are obtained. For the synthesis with a C 16(EO) 10 concentration less than 30 wt %, a cooperative mechanism, which involves the polymerization of silica source and the interface interactions between the hydroxyl groups of silica source produced from the hydrolysis of TMOS and hydrophilic chain heads of surfactant molecules which are present in the single rod micelle form, has been evidenced, leading to well-ordered CMI-1 materials with hexagonal arrangement of their channels. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSynthesis of large pore disordered MSU-type mesoporous silicas through the assembly of C16(EO)10 surfactant and TMOS silica source: Effect of the hydrothermal treatment and thermal stability of materials
Blin, J. L.; Léonard, Alexandre ULg; Su, B. L.

in Journal of Physical Chemistry B (2001), 105(26), 6070-6079

Decaoxyethylene cetyl ether [C 16(EO) 10] has been employed as templating agent for large pore disordered MSU-type mesoporous silicas synthesis. The effect of the hydrothermal treatment (heating time and ... [more ▼]

Decaoxyethylene cetyl ether [C 16(EO) 10] has been employed as templating agent for large pore disordered MSU-type mesoporous silicas synthesis. The effect of the hydrothermal treatment (heating time and temperature) on the textural properties, in particular, pore diameter of materials has been investigated. The obtained materials have been characterized by different techniques such as X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy and nitrogen adsorption-desorption analysis. The thermal stability of the compounds is also evaluated. Our results show that the pore diameter depends strongly on the heating time and temperature. This is the result of a competition between the stretching of the surfactant chains, which can lead to the breakdown of the walls separating adjacent pores, and the reorganization of micelles with heating time and temperature. At higher temperature or for longer durations, a more extended surfactant molecular conformation can be obtained, which leads to materials with larger pore sizes. A reorganization of the micellar solution during the hydrothermal treatment in autoclave can also simultaneously occur to give materials with smaller pore diameter. It is found that compounds prepared with the nonionic surfactant exhibit an enhanced thermal stability compared to those synthesized with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTMABr) as templating agent. This higher stability is related to the synthesis pathway and the structure of materials. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAlternative oxidase and uncoupling protein: thermogenesis versus cell energy balance.
Jarmuszkiewicz, W.; Sluse-Goffart, C.; Vercesi, A. et al

in Bioscience Reports (2001), 21(2), 213-222

The physiological role of an alternative oxidase and an uncoupling protein in plant and protists is discussed in terms of thermogenesis and energy metabolism balance in the cell. It is concluded that ... [more ▼]

The physiological role of an alternative oxidase and an uncoupling protein in plant and protists is discussed in terms of thermogenesis and energy metabolism balance in the cell. It is concluded that thermogenesis is restricted not only by a lower-limit size but also by a kinetically-limited stimulation of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEstimation of additive and nonadditive genetic variances in Hereford, Gelbvieh, and Charolais by Method R.
Duangjinda, M.; Bertrand, K.; Misztal, I. et al

in Journal of Animal Science (2001), 79(12), 2997-3001

Parameters for direct and maternal dominance were estimated in models that included non-additive genetic effects. The analyses used weaning weight records adjusted for age of dam from populations of ... [more ▼]

Parameters for direct and maternal dominance were estimated in models that included non-additive genetic effects. The analyses used weaning weight records adjusted for age of dam from populations of Canadian Hereford (n = 467,814), American Gelbvieh (n = 501,552), and American Charolais (n = 314,552). Method R estimates of direct additive genetic, maternal additive genetic, permanent maternal environment, direct dominance, and maternal dominance variances as a proportion of the total variance were 23, 12, 13, 19, and 14% in Hereford; 27, 7, 10, 18, and 2% in Gelbvieh; and 34, 15, 15, 23, and 2% in Charolais. The correlations between direct and maternal additive genetic effects were -0.30, -0.23, and -0.47 in Hereford, Gelbvieh, and Charolais, respectively. The correlations between direct and maternal dominance were -0.38, -0.02, and -0.04 in Hereford, Gelbvieh, and Charolais, respectively. Estimates of inbreeding depression were -0.20, -0.18, and -0.13 kg per 1% of inbreeding for Hereford, Gelbvieh, and Charolais, respectively. Estimates of the maternal inbreeding depression were -0.01, -0.02, and -0.02 kg, respectively. The high ratio of direct dominance to additive genetic variances provided some evidence that direct dominance effects should be considered in beef cattle evaluation. However, maternal dominance effects seemed to be important only for Hereford cattle. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNeuromuscular transmission in migraine: a single-fiber EMG study in clinical subgroups.
Ambrosini, Anna; Maertens De Noordhout, Alain ULg; Schoenen, Jean ULg

in Neurology (2001), 56(8), 1038-43

OBJECTIVE: To search for impairment of neuromuscular transmission by single-fiber electromyography (SFEMG) in patients with common forms of migraine. BACKGROUND: P/Q Ca(2+) channels are genetically ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To search for impairment of neuromuscular transmission by single-fiber electromyography (SFEMG) in patients with common forms of migraine. BACKGROUND: P/Q Ca(2+) channels are genetically abnormal in most cases of familial hemiplegic migraine (International Headache Society [IHS] code 1.2.3) and may be involved in other types of migraine. Besides in the brain, these channels are found in motor nerve endings, where they control stimulation-induced acetylcholine release. If they are functionally abnormal, the neuromuscular transmission might be impaired. METHODS: Sixty-two migraineurs (18 without aura, IHS code 1.1; 19 with typical aura, IHS code 1.2.1; 10 with prolonged aura, IHS code 1.2.2; 15 with and without aura) and 16 healthy control subjects underwent stimulation SFEMG. Results were expressed as the mean value of consecutive differences (MCD) and percentage of single-fiber abnormalities (abnormal jitter or impulse blocking). RESULTS: Average MCD was comparable in control subjects and migraineurs (17.1 +/- 2.6 versus 17.5 +/- 4.7 microsec). By contrast, single-fiber abnormalities were found in 17 patients but in none of the control subjects (p = 0.036). Most of these patients had unilateral sensorimotor symptoms and/or aphasia and/or loss of balance during the aura. SFEMG abnormalities were significantly correlated with the occurrence of these clinical features and with a diagnosis of migraine with prolonged aura. CONCLUSIONS: Stimulation SFEMG shows mild abnormalities of neuromuscular transmission in a subgroup of migraineurs with aura, characterized by clinical features frequently found in human P/Q Ca(2+) channelopathies. These abnormalities might thus be due to genetically modified P/Q Ca(2+) channels. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa recombinaison chez les alphaherpèsvirus
Meurens, François; Schynts, Frédéric; Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2001), 145

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailOn the influence of aluminium content on the stability of retained austenite in multiphase TRIP-assisted steels
Mertens, Anne ULg; Jacques, Pascal J.; Lazarova, Roumiana et al

in Journal de Physique IV (2001), 11

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThiazolidinediones and liver toxicity.
Scheen, André ULg

in Diabètes & Métabolism (2001), 27(3), 305-13

Thiazolidinediones or glitazones specifically target insulin resistance. They have proven efficacy for reducing plasma glucose levels of type 2 diabetic patients treated with diet alone, sulphonylureas ... [more ▼]

Thiazolidinediones or glitazones specifically target insulin resistance. They have proven efficacy for reducing plasma glucose levels of type 2 diabetic patients treated with diet alone, sulphonylureas, metformin or insulin. In addition, they may be associated to some improvement of cardiovascular risk profile. However, troglitazone, the first compound approved by the FDA in the US, proved to be hepatotoxic and was withdrawn from the market after the report of several dozens of deaths or cases of severe hepatic failure requiring liver transplantation. It remains unclear whether or not hepatotoxicity is a class effect or is related to the unique tocopherol side chain of troglitazone. Rosiglitazone and pioglitazone, two other glitazones, appear to have similar efficacy on blood glucose control of type 2 diabetic patients as compared to troglitazone. In controlled clinical trials, the incidence of significant increases in liver enzyme levels (ALT) was similar with rosiglitazone or pioglitazone as compared to placebo, whereas troglitazone was associated with a threefold greater incidence. In contrast to the numerous case reports of acute liver failure in patients receiving troglitzone, only two cases of severe reversible liver failure have been reported in patients treated with rosiglitazone, with a causal relationship remaining uncertain. Furthermore, no single case of severe hepatotoxicity has been reported yet with pioglitazone. While regular monitoring of liver enzymes is still recommended and more long-term data are desirable, current clinical evidence supports the conclusion that rosiglitazone and pioglitazone do not share the hepatotoxic profile of troglitazone. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 512 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvolution of ventriculo-arterial coupling during acute myocardial ischemia
Kolh, Philippe ULg; D'Orio, Vincenzo ULg; LAMBERMONT, Bernard ULg et al

in European Heart Journal (2001), 22

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailConstruire des indicateurs internationaux d'équité des systèmes éducatifs
Demeuse, Marc ULg; Baye, Ariane ULg; Straeten, Marie-Hélène et al

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2001), (7-8), 97-100

Les membres du SPE se préoccupent de longue date des problèmes d'équité éducative (Crahay, 2000). Ils contribuent soit à l'évaluation de celle-ci dans le système belge francophone ou au sein d'autres ... [more ▼]

Les membres du SPE se préoccupent de longue date des problèmes d'équité éducative (Crahay, 2000). Ils contribuent soit à l'évaluation de celle-ci dans le système belge francophone ou au sein d'autres systèmes à travers des recherches internationales, telles celles de l'IEA ou de l'OCDE (Demeuse, Crahay [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAspidothelium gemmiferum sp. nov., from Papua new Guinea (Lichenized Ascomycetes)
Sérusiaux, Emmanuël ULg; Lücking, Robert

in Mycotaxon (2001), 79

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe P2Y1 receptor antagonist adenosine-2',5'-diphosphate non-selectively antagonizes the platelet P2X1 ion channel.
Oury, Cécile ULg; Toth-Zsamboki, Emese; Tytgat, Jan et al

in Thrombosis and Haemostasis (2001)

This letter indicates a lack of specificity of a platelet P2Y1 receptor antagonist.

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
See detailComment j'explore ... la musculature paravertebrale lombaire dans les radiculopathies par electromyographie.
Tomasella, Marco ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg; WANG, François-Charles ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(10), 716-22

Lumbar paraspinal muscles examination is an interesting part of the electrodiagnostic evaluation of patients with suspected lumbosacral radiculopathy. However, many electromyographers hesitate to ... [more ▼]

Lumbar paraspinal muscles examination is an interesting part of the electrodiagnostic evaluation of patients with suspected lumbosacral radiculopathy. However, many electromyographers hesitate to routinely include that technique in their study of lower limbs. The purpose of this paper is to specify the anatomy and electrophysiologic data of multifidus lumbar paraspinal muscle. Previous anatomic studies indicate that the medial lumbar multifidus and lumbar interspinalis muscles share unisegmental innervation by the dorsal ram of the spinal nerve. Electromyography of these muscles can improve the sensitivity of lumbosacral radiculopathy detection. Multi-MUP analysis of quantitative electromyographic parameters in lumbar paraspinal muscles, in a population of 75 healthy subjects without back pain, allowed to set up normal values for the L5 myotome. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailla fièvre aphteuse : rappels épidémiologiques et cliniques
Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Point Vétérinaire (2001), 32

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOviposition preferences of Episyrphus balteatus.
Vanhaelen, Nicolas; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Gaspar, Charles ULg et al

in Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwkundige en Toegepaste Biologische Wetenschappen (Rijksuniversiteit te Gent) (2001), 66(2a), 269-75

A crucial aspect of predator oviposition behaviour is host plant choice, especially in hoverflies where the newly hatched offspring are unable to move a great distance to search for the appropriate prey ... [more ▼]

A crucial aspect of predator oviposition behaviour is host plant choice, especially in hoverflies where the newly hatched offspring are unable to move a great distance to search for the appropriate prey. Such offspring must generally feed on the host plant aphids previously selected by the mother. Some factors involved in the selection of the oviposition site of Episyrphus balteatus De Geer include aphids associated to chemical stimuli, aphid colony size and host plant characteristics. Here we tested the hypothesis that there will not only be a rank order hierarchy of preference for aphid prey species reared on the same host plant but that a similar hierarchy of different host plant of one aphid species could be established. Therefore we compared the number of eggs laid on different combinations of host plant and aphid species. Vicia faba L., secondary metabolites free, Brassica napus L. and Sinapis alba L., containing low and high levels of glucosinolates respectively were used. The latter compounds are well known allelochemicals from Brassicaceae having a strong influence on specialist and generalist insects from both phytophagous and entomophagous levels. These experiments enhance the importance of tritrophic interactions in biological control of pests by underlining the host plant influence on aphidophagous predators, either directly or through the odours emitted by the phytophagous prey. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe diagnostic immunologique rapide des encéphalopathies spongiformes transmissibles
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg; Gouffaux, M.; Saegerman, Claude ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2001), 145

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTetraethyl(Pyrrolidine-2,2-diyl)Bisphosphonate
Olive, Gilles ULg; Jacques, Alain

in Molecules (2001), 6

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)