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See detailSpa, ensemble architectural du parc de Sept-Heures [...]
Heins, Pascal ULg

in Histoire et Archéologie spadoises (2001), 108(32), 176-184

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See detailMetal Ion Binding and Coordination Geometry for Wild Type and Mutants of Metallo-Beta -Lactamase from Bacillus Cereus 569/H/9 (Bcii): A Combined Thermodynamic, Kinetic, and Spectroscopic Approach
De Seny, Dominique ULg; Heinz, U.; Wommer, S. et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2001), 276(48), 45065-78

One high affinity (nm) and one low affinity (microM) macroscopic dissociation constant for the binding of metal ions were found for the wild-type metallo-beta-lactamase from Bacillus cereus as well as six ... [more ▼]

One high affinity (nm) and one low affinity (microM) macroscopic dissociation constant for the binding of metal ions were found for the wild-type metallo-beta-lactamase from Bacillus cereus as well as six single-site mutants in which all ligands in the two metal binding sites were altered. Surprisingly, the mutations did not cause a specific alteration of the affinity of metal ions for the sole modified binding site as determined by extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and perturbed angular correlation of gamma-rays spectroscopy, respectively. Also UV-visible absorption spectra for the mono-cobalt enzymes clearly contain contributions from both metal sites. The observations of the very similar microscopic dissociation constants of both binding sites in contrast to the significantly differing macroscopic dissociation constants inevitably led to the conclusion that binding to the two metal sites exhibits negative cooperativity. The slow association rates for forming the binuclear enzyme determined by stopped-flow fluorescence measurements suggested that fast metal exchange between the two sites for the mononuclear enzyme hinders the binding of a second metal ion. EXAFS spectroscopy of the mono- and di-zinc wild type enzymes and two di-zinc mutants provide a definition of the metal ion environments, which is compared with the available x-ray crystallographic data. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganisation and in Vitro Expression of Esp Genes of the Lee (Locus of Enterocyte Effacement) of Bovine Enteropathogenic and Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia Coli
Goffaux, Ffédéric; China, Bernard; Mainil, Jacques ULg

in Veterinary Microbiology (2001), 83(3), 275-86

Enteropathogenic (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic (EHEC) Escherichia coli infections are characterised by the formation of attaching and effacing (AE) lesions on intestinal epithelial cells. Secretion of ... [more ▼]

Enteropathogenic (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic (EHEC) Escherichia coli infections are characterised by the formation of attaching and effacing (AE) lesions on intestinal epithelial cells. Secretion of extracellular proteins (EspA, EspB, and EspD) via a type III secretion apparatus is necessary for the formation of the AE lesions by human EPEC. In this study, we show that bovine EPEC and EHEC are also able to secrete polypeptides homologous to the already described Esp proteins, most probably via a type III secretion system. Bovine EPEC and EHEC strains present two different secretion profiles of Esp proteins which correlate to the pathotypes of the esp genes as determined by PCR. We also demonstrate that genes encoding secreted proteins, present in the LEE of two bovine strains, are organised in the same way as in the human EPEC strain E2348/69. [less ▲]

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See detailNew Histochemical and Ultrastructural Observations on Normal Bovine Tonsils
Velinova, Maria; Thielen, Caroline ULg; Mélot, France ULg et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2001), 149(20), 613-7

Samples of normal bovine palatine tonsils were examined by light and electron microscopy. Like human tonsils, they were composed of crypts, subepithelial areas, follicles, and T-dependent zones, but their ... [more ▼]

Samples of normal bovine palatine tonsils were examined by light and electron microscopy. Like human tonsils, they were composed of crypts, subepithelial areas, follicles, and T-dependent zones, but their well-developed capsule subdivided the lymphoid tissue by connective septa. B cells formed the major lymphoid component. The follicles and T-dependent zones had morphological and histochemical features typical of peripheral lymph organs. Follicular dendritic cells were isolated and shown to be similar to human follicular dendritic cells. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenotypic variation of a novel nonsense mutation in the P0 intracellular domain
Senderek, J.; Ramaekers, Vincent ULg; Zerres, K. et al

in Journal of the Neurological Sciences (2001), 192(1-2), 49-51

Mutations in the gene for the peripheral myelin protein zero (P0, MPZ) cause type 1B of Charcot-Marie-Tooth sensorimotor neuropathy (CMT1B). Here we report a German family with a novel heterozygous P0 ... [more ▼]

Mutations in the gene for the peripheral myelin protein zero (P0, MPZ) cause type 1B of Charcot-Marie-Tooth sensorimotor neuropathy (CMT1B). Here we report a German family with a novel heterozygous P0 nonsense mutation (G206X) that supposedly removes four-fifths of the amino acid residues constituting the P0 intracellular domain. The 12-year-old propositus had childhood-onset CMT1B associated with bilateral pes cavus, moderate lower limb weakness, and mildly reduced sensory qualities in the distal legs. The electrophysiology was consistent with a demyelinating neuropathy. He inherited the mutation from his mother who had no complaints but slight pes cavus deformity and slow nerve conduction velocities (NCV). Conclusively, truncating mutations within the P0 intracellular domain do not necessarily cause a severe phenotype such as Dejerine-Sottas syndrome (DSS) or congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy (CHN), but can result in mild or moderate CMT1B with intrafamilial clinical variability. Copyright © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantitation of Functional Mitral Regurgitation During Bicycle Exercise in Patients with Heart Failure
Lebrun, F.; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg; PIERARD, Luc ULg

in Journal of the American College of Cardiology (2001), 38(6), 1685-92

OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine the feasibility and reliability of quantifying mitral regurgitation (MR) during exercise by Doppler echocardiography in patients with heart failure and to assess the ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine the feasibility and reliability of quantifying mitral regurgitation (MR) during exercise by Doppler echocardiography in patients with heart failure and to assess the relationship between dynamic MR and systolic pulmonary artery pressure changes. BACKGROUND: The severity of MR can be quantified by using several echocardiographic methods. Quantitation of MR during dynamic exercise has not yet been performed. METHODS: Symptom-limited, semi-supine two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiograms during bicycle exercise were obtained in 27 consecutive patients with heart failure and functional MR. Regurgitant volume was measured at rest and during exercise by the proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method and by quantitative Doppler echocardiography. Exercise-induced changes in regurgitant volume were compared with changes in the regurgitant jet area to left atrial area ratio, vena contracta width and trans-tricuspid pressure gradient. RESULTS: The regurgitant volume measured by the PISA method increased from 21 +/- 12 ml (range 5 to 55) at rest to 39 +/- 23 ml (range 8 to 85) during exercise (p < 0.0001). The difference between two observers was low for both rest (2.0 +/- 2.7 ml) and exercise measurements (3.5 +/- 6.2 ml). The regurgitant volume measured by quantitative Doppler echocardiography increased from 29 +/- 13 to 49 +/- 24 ml (p = 0.0001). Excellent correlation between the two methods was obtained with exercise (r = 0.92). Exercise-induced changes in regurgitant volume, as measured by the PISA method, correlated well with regurgitant volume changes measured by quantitative Doppler echocardiography (r = 0.88), changes in vena contracta width (r = 0.82) and changes in trans-tricuspid pressure gradient (r = 0.73), but not with changes in regurgitant jet area to left atrial area ratio (r = 0.29). Seventeen patients stopped exercise because of fatigue and 10 because of dyspnea. These 10 patients exhibited greater increases in regurgitant volume (34 +/- 6 vs. 11 +/- 8 ml), corresponding to a significant elevation of the trans-tricuspid gradient (48 +/- 14 vs. 20 +/- 14 mm Hg). CONCLUSIONS: Quantitation of functional MR during exercise is feasible in patients with heart failure. There is a good correlation between regurgitant volume measured during exercise by the PISA method and that obtained by quantitative Doppler echocardiography, suggesting that the technique is reliable. An increase in mitral regurgitant volume during dynamic exercise correlates well with elevation of systolic pulmonary artery pressure. [less ▲]

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See detailThe European Large Area ISO Survey - VI. Discovery of a new hyperluminous infrared galaxy
Morel, Thierry ULg; Efstathiou, A.; Serjeant, S. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2001), 327

We report the discovery of the first hyperluminous infrared galaxy (HyLIG) in the course of the European Large Area ISO Survey (ELAIS). This object has been detected by ISO at 6.7, 15 and 90μm, and is ... [more ▼]

We report the discovery of the first hyperluminous infrared galaxy (HyLIG) in the course of the European Large Area ISO Survey (ELAIS). This object has been detected by ISO at 6.7, 15 and 90μm, and is found to be a broad-line, radio-quiet quasar at a redshift [formmu4]z=1.099. From a detailed multicomponent model fit of the spectral energy distribution, we derive a total IR luminosity L[SUB]IR[/SUB] [formmu5](1-1000μm)~1.0à 10[SUP]13[/SUP]h65-2L[SUB]solar[/SUB] [formmu6](q[SUB]0[/SUB]=0.5), and discuss the possible existence of a starburst contributing to the far-IR output. Observations to date present no evidence for lens magnification. This galaxy is one of the very few HyLIGs with a X-ray detection. On the basis of its soft X-ray properties, we suggest that this broad-line object may be the face-on analogue of narrow-line, Seyfert-like HyLIGs. [less ▲]

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See detailSignificance of Dobutamine-Induced Changes in Qt Dispersion Early after Acute Myocardial Infarction
LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg; Bilge, A. R.; Mipinda, J. B. et al

in American Journal of Cardiology (2001), 88(9), 939-43

This study sought to examine the effects of graded dobutamine infusion on QT dispersion early after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to investigate the relation of dobutamine-induced changes in QT ... [more ▼]

This study sought to examine the effects of graded dobutamine infusion on QT dispersion early after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to investigate the relation of dobutamine-induced changes in QT dispersion to wall motion responses. Seventy-eight patients with a first AMI underwent dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography 5 +/- 2 days after admission. Contractile reserve was identified in 45 patients and ischemic myocardium in 40. Sixteen patients had persistent akinesia. The best cut-off value of QT dispersion on the baseline electrocardiogram for predicting myocardial viability was 65 ms (sensitivity and specificity of 68%). Dobutamine infusion increased QT dispersion only in patients with viable myocardium (61 +/- 18 to 83 +/- 19 ms, p = 0.003) and/or ischemia (72 +/- 16 to 112 +/- 25 ms, p < 0.0001). No change was observed in patients with persistent akinesia (84 +/- 10 to 87 +/- 15 ms, p = NS). QT dispersion increased by 22 +/- 12 ms with administration of low-dose dobutamine in patients who had viable myocardium and by 47 +/- 21 ms with administration of low- to high-dose dobutamine in patients with ischemic myocardium. An increase in QT dispersion of > or = 20 ms from at rest to low-dose dobutamine infusion was associated with myocardial viability with a sensitivity of 78% and a specificity of 79%, whereas an increase in QT dispersion of > or = 10 ms from low- to high-dose dobutamine infusion predicted ischemic myocardium with a sensitivity of 85% and a specificity of 82%. In conclusion, (1) low QT dispersion on the baseline electrocardiogram is determined by the presence of viable myocardium, (2) a dobutamine-induced increase in QT dispersion is associated with viable and jeopardized myocardium, and (3) unchanged QT dispersion during dobutamine stress is a simple marker of extensive necrosis. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma profile of pregnancy associated glycoprotein (PAG) in pregnant Alpine goats using two radioimmunoassay (RIA) systems
Batalha, E. S.; Sulon, Joseph ULg; Figueiredo, J. R. et al

in Small Ruminant Research (2001), 42(2), 111-118

This paper evaluates the profiles obtained for caprine pregnancy associated glycoprotein (cPAG) in pregnant multiparous and nulliparous goats using the heterologous-radioimmunoassay (htPAG-RIA) and the ... [more ▼]

This paper evaluates the profiles obtained for caprine pregnancy associated glycoprotein (cPAG) in pregnant multiparous and nulliparous goats using the heterologous-radioimmunoassay (htPAG-RIA) and the homologous-RIA (hmPAG-RIA) systems during the pregnancy and postpartum periods. The results show that the cPAG concentrations detected through the hmPAG-RIA procedure were lower than those found through the htPAG-RIA method. No statistical differences were observed due to the maternal reproductive status (nulliparous or multiparous goats) during pregnancy using either one of the methods. However, pregnant and cyclic goats were distinguished from each other by cPAG concentrations verified through the hmPAG-RIA procedure. The lower cPAG concentrations detected through this method suggest that this system is more specific than the htPAG-RIA procedure to measure cPAG during pregnancy and postpartum period in goats. The homologous system was also an efficient method to predict pregnancies of only 35 days in both nulliparous and multiparous goats. (C) 2001 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. [less ▲]

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See detailPresentation anatomo-clinique. Terato-carcinome testiculaire avec adenopathies thoraco-abdominales
Dassy, S.; Coibion-Jossa, V.; Demelenne, A. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(11), 777-84

This case report of a young man with a testicular germ cell-teratoma tumor illustrates the necessity of a multidisciplinary sequential approach to ensure chance of cure. The outcome of patients with ... [more ▼]

This case report of a young man with a testicular germ cell-teratoma tumor illustrates the necessity of a multidisciplinary sequential approach to ensure chance of cure. The outcome of patients with advanced germ cell tumor depends on the optimal clinical management. Residual masses are frequent, and their histology can be different than the initial one (i.e., only residual mature teratoma cells or necrosis-fibrosis). Therefore a second surgery on residual masses with curative intent, may be important to optimalize the treatment and follow up. [less ▲]

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See detailDiagnostisch beleid bij verhoogde transaminasenspiegels
Delwaide, Jean ULg; Delfosse, V.; Detry, Olivier ULg et al

in Patient Care (Nederlandse Editie) (2001), 28(11), 33-41

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See detailRelationship between maternal concentrations of caprine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein in Alpine goats and the number of fetuses using a homologous radioimmunoassay
Batalha, E. S.; Sulon, Joseph ULg; Figueiredo, J. R. et al

in Small Ruminant Research (2001), 42(2), 105-109

The relationship between maternal caprine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (cPAG) concentrations and fetal number was investigated in 21 nulliparous and 17 multiparous goats. Using a homologous ... [more ▼]

The relationship between maternal caprine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (cPAG) concentrations and fetal number was investigated in 21 nulliparous and 17 multiparous goats. Using a homologous radioimmunoassay (hm-RIA) cPAG was detected in plasma of pregnant goats from the 21st day of pregnancy. Statistical differences between goats bearing single and multiple fetuses were observed after 63 days to the end of pregnancy, except on day 133. After 126 days (3rd week pre-partum) cPAG levels began to decrease slowly in both the groups. The hm-RIA was an efficient method to describe the relationship between maternal PAO concentrations and number of fetuses in goats. (C) 2001 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. [less ▲]

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See detailNormal ranges for the variability in heart rate in young infants while sleeping
Massin, M. M.; Withofs, Nadia ULg; Maeyns, K. et al

in Cardiology in the Young (2001), 11(6), 619-625

Objective: Measurements of the variability in heart rate are increasingly used as markers of cardiac autonomic activity. We sought to establish the development this variability in healthy young infants ... [more ▼]

Objective: Measurements of the variability in heart rate are increasingly used as markers of cardiac autonomic activity. We sought to establish the development this variability in healthy young infants while sleeping. Patients: We carried out polygraphic studies with electrocardiographic recording in 587 healthy infants aged from 5 to 26 weeks. Methods: We determined several variables over a period of 400 minutes sleeping: mean RR interval, 5 time-domain (SDNN, SDNNi, SDANNi, RMSSD, and pNN50) and 5 frequency-domain indexes (spectral power over 3 regions of interest, total power and low-to-high frequency ratio). Frequency-domain indexes were also assessed separately for the periods of quiet sleep and those of rapid eye movement sleep. Results: Our data showed a significant correlation between the indexes of heart rate variability and the mean RR interval, the breathing rate, and the corrected age of the infants. We also demonstrated the importance of the maturation of the sleeping patterns. Conclusion: These data in a large cohort of healthy infants confirm a progressive maturation of the autonomic nervous system during sleep, and may be used to examine the influence of physiological and pathophysiological factors on autonomic control during polygraphic studies. [less ▲]

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See detailDobutamine Stress Echocardiography Versus Quantitative Technetium-99m Sestamibi Spect for Detecting Residual Stenosis and Multivessel Disease after Myocardial Infarction
LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg; Benoit, T.; Rigo, Pierre ULg et al

in Heart (2001), 86(5), 510-5

OBJECTIVE: To compare the relative accuracy of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and quantitative technetium-99m sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography (mibi SPECT) for detecting ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To compare the relative accuracy of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and quantitative technetium-99m sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography (mibi SPECT) for detecting infarct related artery stenosis and multivessel disease early after acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University hospital. METHODS: 75 patients underwent simultaneous DSE and mibi SPECT at (mean (SD)) 5 (2) days after a first acute myocardial infarct. Quantitative coronary angiography was performed in all patients after imaging studies. RESULTS: Significant stenosis (> 50%) of the infarct related artery was detected in 69 patients. Residual ischaemia was identified by DSE in 55 patients and by quantitative mibi SPECT in 49. The sensitivity of DSE and mibi SPECT for detecting significant infarct related artery stenosis was 78% and 70%, respectively, with a specificity of 83% for both tests. The combination of DSE and mibi SPECT did not change the specificity (83%) but increased the sensitivity to 94%. Mibi SPECT was more sensitive than DSE for detecting mild stenosis (73% v 9%; p = 0.008). The sensitivity of DSE for detecting moderate or severe stenosis was greater than mibi SPECT (97% v 74%; p = 0.007). Wall motion abnormalities with DSE and transient perfusion defects with mibi SPECT outside the infarction zone were sensitive (80% v 67%; NS) and highly specific (95% v 93%; NS) for multivessel disease. CONCLUSIONS: DSE and mibi SPECT have equivalent accuracy for detecting residual infarct related artery stenosis of >/= 50% and multivessel disease early after acute myocardial infarction. DSE is more predictive of moderate or severe infarct related artery stenosis. Combined imaging only improves the detection of mild stenosis. [less ▲]

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See detailSteroid-induced plasticity in the sexually dimorphic vasotocinergic innervation of the avian brain: behavioral implications
Panzica, G. C.; Aste, N.; Castagna, C. et al

in Brain Research Reviews (2001), 37(1-mars Sp. Iss. SI), 178-200

Vasotocin (VT, the antidiuretic hormone of birds) is synthesized by diencephalic magnocellular neurons projecting to the neurohypophysis. In addition, in male quail and in other oscine and non-oscine ... [more ▼]

Vasotocin (VT, the antidiuretic hormone of birds) is synthesized by diencephalic magnocellular neurons projecting to the neurohypophysis. In addition, in male quail and in other oscine and non-oscine birds, a sexually dimorphic group of VT-immunoreactive (ir) parvocellular neurons is located in a region homologous to the mammalian nucleus of the stria terminalis, pars medialis (BSTm) and in the medial preoptic nucleus (POM). These cells are not visible in females. VT-ir fibers are present in many diencephalic and extradiencephalic locations. Quantitative morphometric analyses demonstrate that, in quail, these elements are expressed in a sexually dimorphic manner (males>females) in regions involved in the control of different aspects of reproduction: i.e., the POM (copulatory behavior), the lateral septum (secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone [GnRH]), the nucleus intercollicularis (control of vocalizations), and the locus coeruleus (the main noradrenergic center of the avian brain). In many of these regions,VT-ir fibers are closely related to aromatase-ir, GnRH-ir, or estrogen receptor-expressing neurons. This dimorphism has an organizational nature: administration of estradiol-benzoate to quail embryos (a treatment that abolishes male sexual behavior) results in a dramatic decrease of the VT-immunoreactivity in all sexually dimorphic regions of the male quail brain. Conversely, the inhibition of estradiol (E,) synthesis during embryonic life (a treatment that stimulates the expression of male copulatory behavior in adult testosterone (T)-treated females) results in a male-like distribution of VT-ir cells and fibers. Castration markedly decreases the immunoreactivity in both the VT-immunopositive elements of the BSTm and the innervation of the SL and POM, whereas T-replacement therapy restores the VT immunoreactivity to a level typical of intact birds. These changes reflect modifications of VT mRNA concentrations (and probably synthesis) as demonstrated by in situ hybridization and they are paralleled by similar changes in male copulatory behavior (absent in castrated male quail, fully expressed in CX+T males). The aromatization of T into estradiol (E-2) also controls VT expression and, in parallel limits the activation of male sexual behavior by T. In castrated male quail, the restoration by T of the VT immunoreactivity in POM, BSTm and lateral septum could be fully mimicked by a treatment with E-2, but the androgen 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) had absolutely no effect on the VT immunoreactivity in these conditions. At the doses used in this study, DHT also did not synergize with E, to enhance the density of VT immunoreactive structures. Systemic or i.c.v. injections of VT markedly inhibit the expression of all aspects of male sexual behavior. VT, presumably, does not simply represent one step in the biochemical cascade of events that is induced by T in the brain and leads to the expression of male sexual behavior. Androgens and estrogens presumably affect reproductive behavior both directly, by acting on steroid-sensitive neurons in the preoptic area, and indirectly, by modulating peptidergic (specifically vasotocinergic) inputs to this and other areas. The respective contribution of these two types of actions and their interaction deserves further analysis. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science BY All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPharma-clinics comment je traite ... une infection par le VIH. IV. Les inhibiteurs de protease
Leonard, Philippe ULg; Nkoghe, D.; Moutschen, Michel ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(11), 739-44

Protease inhibitors constitute the last class of antiretroviral drugs appeared on the market. They raised an enormous enthusiasm, reinforced by recent studies results. These molecules prevent the ... [more ▼]

Protease inhibitors constitute the last class of antiretroviral drugs appeared on the market. They raised an enormous enthusiasm, reinforced by recent studies results. These molecules prevent the formation of infectious viral particles, while inhibiting a viral enzyme that plays a key role in the cycle of replication of the HIV. Their efficiency, especially in association, is recognized for all stages of the infection and the intervening of a resistance often requires many mutations. However, the unexpected adverse events such as lipodystrophy and some interactions can limit their utilization in first intention. [less ▲]

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See detailPreoptic Aromatase Cells Project to the Mesencephalic Central Gray in the Male Japanese Quail (Coturnix Japonica)
Absil, Philippe ULg; Riters, L. V.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Hormones & Behavior (2001), 40(3), 369-83

Previous tract-tracing studies demonstrated the existence of projections from the medial preoptic nucleus (POM) to the mesencephalic central gray (GCt) in quail. GCt contains a significant number of ... [more ▼]

Previous tract-tracing studies demonstrated the existence of projections from the medial preoptic nucleus (POM) to the mesencephalic central gray (GCt) in quail. GCt contains a significant number of aromatase-immunoreactive (ARO-ir) fibers and punctate structures, but no ARO-ir cells are present in this region. The origin of the ARO-ir fibers of the GCt was investigated here by retrograde tract-tracing combined with immunocytochemistry for aromatase. Following injection of fluorescent microspheres in GCt, retrogradely labeled cells were found in a large number of hypothalamic and mesencephalic areas and in particular within the three main groups of ARO-ir cells located in the POM, the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus, and the bed nucleus striae terminalis. Labeling of these cells for aromatase by immunocytochemistry demonstrated, however, that aromatase-positive retrogradely labeled cells are observed almost exclusively within the POM. Double-labeled cells were abundant in both the rostral and caudal parts of the POM and their number was apparently not affected by the location of the injection site within GCt. At both rostro-caudal levels of the POM, ARO-ir retrogradely labeled cells were, however, more frequent in the lateral than in the medial POM. These data indicate that ARO-ir neurons located in the lateral part of the POM may control the premotor aspects of male copulatory behavior through their projection to GCt and suggest that GCt activity could be affected by estrogens released from the terminals of these ARO-ir neurons. [less ▲]

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See detailObituary : R.H. HARRIS ( Soul Stirrers, ....)
Sacré, Robert ULg

in Soul Bag (2001), (161), 33

Rebert H. HARRIS 1916- 2000 - chanteur lead des Soul Stirrers

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See detailLa guerre et la medecine d'une culture de paix. 1. Quand s'ouvrent les portes du temple de janus
Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(11), 785-7

More than 40 major wars took place during the past decade. The origins and the warlike means that were engaged were very different from those of older conflicts. Wars between nations are less numerous ... [more ▼]

More than 40 major wars took place during the past decade. The origins and the warlike means that were engaged were very different from those of older conflicts. Wars between nations are less numerous. They have been replaced by civilian wars that are more rooted on cultural and religious grounds than on economic interests alone. During this short period of time, warfare was responsible for about 2 millions of direct deaths and 20 millions displaced people and refugees. The injured and victims of starvation and epidemics were innumerable and awaited for civilian medical help. [less ▲]

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See detailLabyrinthine Granular Landscapes
Caps, Hervé ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg

in Physical Review. E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics (2001), 64(5, Pt 1), 52301

We have numerically studied a model of granular landscape eroded by wind. We show the appearance of labyrinthic patterns when the wind orientation turns by 90 degrees. The occurrence of such structures is ... [more ▼]

We have numerically studied a model of granular landscape eroded by wind. We show the appearance of labyrinthic patterns when the wind orientation turns by 90 degrees. The occurrence of such structures is discussed. Moreover, we introduce the density n(k) of "defects" as the dynamic parameter governing the landscape evolution. A power-law behavior of n(k) is found as a function of time. In the case of wind variations, the exponent (drastically) shifts from two to one. The presence of two asymptotic values of n(k) implies the irreversibility of the labyrinthic formation process. [less ▲]

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See detailA Module-Oriented Tool for Optimum Design of Stiffened Structures
Rigo, Philippe ULg

in Marine Structures (2001)

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See detailChiodecton epiphyllum is a lichenicolous fungus on Coenogonium flavicans and belongs in the genus Plectocarpon (Arthoniales : Roccellaceae)
Caceres, M. E. S.; Diederich, P.; Lucking, R. et al

in Lichenologist (2001), 33(Part 6), 503-506

The biological status of Chiodecton epiphyllum (Arthoniales: Roccellaceae), described as a foliicolous lichen from Papua New Guinea, is reassessed, based on additional material from Brazil, Costa Rica ... [more ▼]

The biological status of Chiodecton epiphyllum (Arthoniales: Roccellaceae), described as a foliicolous lichen from Papua New Guinea, is reassessed, based on additional material from Brazil, Costa Rica, and Papua New Guinea. The species is a lichenicolous fungus growing on the foliicolous lichen Coenogonium flavicans (Gyalectales: Gyalectaceae). Furthermore, its ascomatal anatomy and lichenicolous growth habit suggest placement in the related genus Plectocarpon, instead of Chiodecton. We therefore propose the new combination Plectocarpon epiphyllum [Bas.: Chiodecton epiphyllum]. The species is further lectotypified on its ascomata since parts of the original description which denote vegetative characteristics refer to the sterile thallus of the host lichen. (C) 2001 The British Lichen Society. [less ▲]

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See detailLeast-Cost Structural Optimization Oriented Preliminary Design
Rigo, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Ship Production (2001)

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See detailStress hormone secretion and gut signal transducer (STAT) proteins after burn injury in rats.
Thellin, Olivier ULg; Noel, Greg; Khurana, Sudha et al

in Shock (2001), 16(5), 393-397

A burn injury triggers traumatic reactions characteristic of a stress. Here we investigated the early responses of prolactin (PRL), corticosterone (CS), and signal transducer and activator of ... [more ▼]

A burn injury triggers traumatic reactions characteristic of a stress. Here we investigated the early responses of prolactin (PRL), corticosterone (CS), and signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (Stat5) in male Sprague-Dawley rats after burn injury. PRL and CS levels were determined in blood serum. Stat5 and phospho-Stat5 levels were determined in jejunum total protein extracts. The results confirmed an expected increase of CS between 4 and 6 hours following the burn injury. Unexpectedly, PRL secretion was suppressed during the same time frame. These hormone levels returned to normal 6 to 8 hours after burn injury. Stat5 was increased in the jejunum after burn injury, and its phosphorylation was increased between 8 and 11 hours after burn injury. These changes in Stat5 were not temporally correlated with either the hormone changes that we observed, or with previously documented changes of the gut function following burns. [less ▲]

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See detailL'image du mois. Un melanome masque chez un joueur de tennis
Fraiture, A. L.; Henry, Frédérique ULg; Pierard-Franchimont, Claudine ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(11), 737-8

A man presented with a malignant melanoma of the scalp. The lesion reached a large size before being disclosed. Repetitive sunburns during tennis matches could be responsible for this cancer. Indeed, hair ... [more ▼]

A man presented with a malignant melanoma of the scalp. The lesion reached a large size before being disclosed. Repetitive sunburns during tennis matches could be responsible for this cancer. Indeed, hair protects only partially the skin from ultraviolet damages. [less ▲]

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See detailLe deficit en alpha-1 antitrypsine. Une indication de transplantation hepatique pediatrique
De Roover, Arnaud ULg; Detry, Olivier ULg; Honore, Pierre ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(11), 753-8

Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency is the most common inborn error of metabolism leading to liver transplantation, and the second cause of liver transplantation in children after biliary atresia. The authors ... [more ▼]

Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency is the most common inborn error of metabolism leading to liver transplantation, and the second cause of liver transplantation in children after biliary atresia. The authors report the case of a 6-year-old girl, who was suffering from end-stage liver disease secondary to alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency. She was successfully treated by whole liver transplantation, the hepatic graft coming from a 3-year-old donor. Three months later she went back to school. The authors discuss the pathogenesis and the natural history of this frequent cause of liver transplantation in children. [less ▲]

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See detailInvisible fences: Prose poetry as a genre in French and American literature
Delville, Michel ULg

in Modernism-Modernity (2001), 8(4), 705-706

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See detailThe control of preoptic aromatase activity by afferent inputs in Japanese quail
Absil, Philippe ULg; Baillien, M.; Ball, G. F. et al

in Brain Research Reviews (2001), 37(1-mars Sp. Iss. SI), 38-58

This review summarizes current knowledge on the mechanisms that control aromatase activity in the quail preoptic area, a brain region that plays a key role in the control of reproduction. Aromatase and ... [more ▼]

This review summarizes current knowledge on the mechanisms that control aromatase activity in the quail preoptic area, a brain region that plays a key role in the control of reproduction. Aromatase and aromatase mRNA synthesis in the preoptic area are enhanced by testosterone and its metabolite estradiol, but estradiol receptors of the alpha subtype are not regularly colocalized with aromatase. Estradiol receptors of the beta subtype are present in the preoptic area but it is not yet known whether these receptors are colocalized with aromatase. The regulation by estrogen of aromatase activity may be, in part, trans-synaptically mediated, in a manner that is reminiscent of the ways in which steroids control the activity of gonadotropic hormone releasing hormone neurons, Aromatase-immunoreactive neurons are surrounded by dense networks of vasotocin-immunoreactive and tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive fibers and punctate structures. These inputs are in part steroid-sensitive and could therefore mediate the effects of steroids on aromatase activity. In vivo pharmacological experiments indicate that catecholaminergic depletions significantly affect aromatase activity presumably by modulating aromatase transcription. In addition, in vitro studies on brain homogenates or on preoptic-hypothalamic explants show that aromatase activity can be rapidly modulated by a variety of dopaminergic compounds. These effects do not appear to be mediated by the membrane dopamine receptors and could involve changes in the phosphorylation state of the enzyme, Together, these results provide converging evidence for a direct control of aromatase activity by catecholamines consistent with the anatomical data indicating the presence of a catecholaminergic innervation of aromatase cells. These dopamine-induced changes in aromatase activity are observed after several hours or days and presumably result from changes in aromatase transcription but rapid non-genomic controls have also been identified. The potential significance of these processes for the physiology of reproduction is critically evaluated. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science BY. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of the oxygen budget of the Black Sea waters using a 3D coupled hydrodynamical-biogeochemical model
Grégoire, Marilaure ULg; Lacroix, Geneviève

in Journal of Marine Systems (2001), 31(1-mars Sp. Iss. SI), 175-202

The ventilation of the Black Sea waters by physical and biogeochemical processes is investigated using the Geohydrodynamics and Environment Research (GHER) laboratory 3D coupled hydrodynamical ... [more ▼]

The ventilation of the Black Sea waters by physical and biogeochemical processes is investigated using the Geohydrodynamics and Environment Research (GHER) laboratory 3D coupled hydrodynamical-biogeochemical model. In particular, the penetration at depth of the winter mixing, the generation of unstable motions by frontal instabilities, the exchanges between the north-western shelf and the open sea along the shelf break, the primary production distribution, the generation of detritus and the resulting consumption of oxygen for their recycling are studied. The GHER 3D hydrodynamic model is used to simulate the Black Sea's general circulation and the associated synoptic and mesoscale structures. This model is coupled with a simple ecosystem model defined by a nitrogen cycle which is described by seven state variables: nitrate, ammonium, dissolved oxygen, phytoplankton, zooplankton, pelagic and benthic detritus. The model simulates the space-time variations of the biogeochemical state variables. In particular, the spatial variability of the phytoplankton biomass annual cycle, imparted by the horizontal and vertical variations of the physical and chemical properties of the water column, is clearly illustrated. For instance, on the north-western shelf, the seasonal variability of the circulation and in particular, the reversal of the surface current at the end of spring, has a strong influence on the transport of the rich nutrient Danube waters and, thus, on the repartition of the primary production. Furthermore, the results illustrate the seasonal and vertical variations of the dissolved oxygen concentration resulting (a) from its atmospheric and photosynthetic productions in the surface layer, (b) from its loss to the atmosphere in spring and summer and (c) from its consumption associated with the detritus decomposition, the ammonium oxidation during the nitrification process, as well as the oxidation of hydrogen sulfide. The simulated sea surface, phytoplankton fields are compared with satellite estimates of chlorophyll-a fields. Comparisons are made with seasonal mean pictures and snapshot images, illustrating the mesoscale motions of the main coastal current. In the central Black Sea and the Danube delta area, comparisons with available field data are also made. As a general rule, all these comparisons show a quite good qualitative agreement. In particular, at the surface, the simulated phytoplankton space-time distribution is in a good qualitative agreement with satellite observations. However, on a quantitative point of view, the model underestimates the bloom intensity especially in the Danube discharge area. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois. Epidermolyse staphylococcique aigue chez une quinquagenaire
Fumal, I.; Paquet, Philippe ULg; JACOB, ERIC et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(11), 745-747

Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome is a bullous disease induced by bacterial exfoliative exotoxins. Children are most often affected. The prognosis is worse in adults and calls for treatment in an ... [more ▼]

Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome is a bullous disease induced by bacterial exfoliative exotoxins. Children are most often affected. The prognosis is worse in adults and calls for treatment in an intensive care unit. We report a case in a quinquagenerian woman who suffered from angina a few days before the bullous erythroderma. [less ▲]

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See detailRole of dopamine in non-depressed patients with a history of suicide attempts
Pitchot, William ULg; Adam, Martine ULg; Ansseau, Marc ULg

in European Psychiatry (2001), 16(7), 424-427

Several data are available about the implication of the dopaminergic system in the control of inward-directed aggression. Previously, we suggested an involvement of D2-dopaminergic function in the ... [more ▼]

Several data are available about the implication of the dopaminergic system in the control of inward-directed aggression. Previously, we suggested an involvement of D2-dopaminergic function in the expression of suicidal behavior by demonstrating a smaller growth hormone (GH) response to apomorphine, a dopaminergic agonist, in depressed patients with a history of suicide attempts in comparison to non-attempters. In the present study, in order to test this hypothesis, GH responses to intravenous apomorphine were measured in non-depressed patients with a history of suicide attempts. The study was performed in 17 non-depressed male patients with a score less than 12 on the 17-item HAMD. The patients were subgrouped into suicide attempters (N = 7) and non-attempters (N = 10). Mean GH peak responses to apomorphine differed significantly between suicide attempters and non-attempters: (mean +/- SD) for GH peak, 10.4 +/- 8.2 ng/mL vs 27.3 +/- 13.1 ng/ml, F = 9.0, P = 0.009. In conclusion, dopaminergic disturbances seem to play a role in the biology of inward-directed aggression in non-depressed patients. [less ▲]

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See detailScantling Optimization Based on Convex Linearizations and a Dual Approach
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Fleury, Claude ULg

in Marine Structures (2001)

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See detailSpermine-Induced Alteration of Small Intestine in Suckling Rat: Involvement of Apoptosis or Zn2+ Enzymes?
Peulen, Olivier ULg; Denis, Ghislaine; Defresne, Marie-Paule ULg et al

in Digestive Diseases & Sciences (2001), 46(11), 2490-8

Polyamines are of great importance in several physiological processes, such as cell proliferation and differentiation. The ingestion of spermine by suckling rats induces precocious maturation of their ... [more ▼]

Polyamines are of great importance in several physiological processes, such as cell proliferation and differentiation. The ingestion of spermine by suckling rats induces precocious maturation of their small intestine. Shortly after ingestion, spermine produces cell elimination at the villous top. The origin of this exfoliation was investigated to determine whether it was due to apoptosis. Wistar rats were orally treated with spermine. Apoptosis was analyzed in their small intestine by Tdt-mediated dUTP-fluorescein nick-end labeling reaction, caspase-3-like analysis, and DNA laddering. Polyamine content was measured by HPLC. The intestinal transitory alteration appeared as soon as 2 hr after spermine administration. Apoptosis events increased strongly at the same moment in the small intestine. They were evidenced by Tdt-mediated dUTP-fluorescein nick-end labeling analysis, DNA laddering, and caspase-3-like activity. Changes observed are consistent with apoptosis, but caspase inhibitor did not reduce intestinal alteration, as did Zn2+ chelator. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociation of telechelic ionomers in apolar solvents
Chassenieux, Christophe; Nicolai, Taco; Tassin, Jean-François et al

in Macromolecular Rapid Communications (2001), 22

The associative properties of well-defined halatotelechelic ionomers in an apolar solvent were studied by means of dynamic mechanical spectroscopy, small-angle X-ray scattering, as well as static and ... [more ▼]

The associative properties of well-defined halatotelechelic ionomers in an apolar solvent were studied by means of dynamic mechanical spectroscopy, small-angle X-ray scattering, as well as static and dynamic light scattering. The effect of end-functionalisation was investigated by comparing results on polystyrene (PS) and polyisoprene (PI) precursors using PS and PI of the same molar mass modified at one or both ends with sulfonate groups. The molar-mass dependence was investigated by comparing difunctionalised samples with different molar masses and the influence of the backbone by comparing polystyrene and polyisoprene. Experimental data suggest a relatively simple model for the association of this material. At low concentrations, the polymer chains organise themselves into well-defined reversed micelles, so-called flowers. Above a certain concentration C+, the flowers associate into larger aggregates according to an open association mechanism. At a critical concentration Cgel, the aggregates fill the whole space and a transient network is formed most likely by a percolation process. A semi-quantitative description of the associating process can be obtained by considering an open association mechanism properly combined with inter-particle interactions. [less ▲]

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See detailDispenses de permis d'urbanisme en Région wallonne
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Immobilier (2001), 18

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See detailpH-dependent micellization of poly(2-vinylpyridine)-block-poly((dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate) diblock copolymers
Gohy, Jean-François; Antoun, Sayed; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecules (2001), 34(21), 7435-7440

A series of poly(2-vinylpyridine)-block-poly((dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) diblock copolymers (P2VP-b-PDMAEMA) have been synthesized by living anionic polymerization of the comonomers. Dynamic light ... [more ▼]

A series of poly(2-vinylpyridine)-block-poly((dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) diblock copolymers (P2VP-b-PDMAEMA) have been synthesized by living anionic polymerization of the comonomers. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) has been used to study the associative behavior of these copolymers in water as a function of copolymer composition, pH, ionic strength, and temperature. Three association regimes are observed. At low pH, loose aggregates are formed, although both the P2VP and PDMAEMA blocks are protonated. At intermediate pH, micelles are observed that consist of an uncharged hydrophobic P2VP core surrounded by a protonated PDMAEMA corona. At higher pH, the PDMAEMA corona is essentially uncharged and collapses at temperatures higher than 40 °C, which results in unstable micelles. The micelles observed by transmission electron microscopy are spherical. [less ▲]

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See detailNeural and cognitive bases of upper limb apraxia in corticobasal degeneration
Peigneux, Philippe ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg; Garraux, Gaëtan ULg et al

in Neurology (2001), 57(7), 1259-1268

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the neural and cognitive bases of upper limb apraxia in corticobasal degeneration (CBD). METHODS: Eighteen patients with CBD underwent a cognitive neuropsychological assessment ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the neural and cognitive bases of upper limb apraxia in corticobasal degeneration (CBD). METHODS: Eighteen patients with CBD underwent a cognitive neuropsychological assessment of apraxia and resting [(18)F]-fluorodeoxyglucose PET scanning. Two complementary measures of apraxia were computed for each modality of gesture production. First, a performance score measured error frequency during gesture execution. Second, as a more stringent test of the integrity of the praxis system, the correction score measured the patient's ability to correct his or her errors on a second attempt. For each measure type, a cut-off score for the presence of apraxia was defined with regard to healthy controls. Using each cut-off score, the regional cerebral glucose metabolism of patients with CBD with apraxia (i.e., performing below cut-off score) was compared with that of patients with CBD without apraxia. RESULTS: Mean performance scores were below normal values in all modalities. Anterior cingulate hypometabolism predominated in patients with CBD who performed below the cut-off performance score. At variance, mean correction scores were below normal values for gesture imitation only. Hypometabolism in superior parietal lobule and supplementary motor area characterized patients with CBD who were unable to correct their errors at the same rate as control subjects did. CONCLUSIONS: Distinct neural networks underlie distinct aspects of the upper limb apraxic deficits in CBD. Extending previous findings of gesture production deficits in CBD, the use of complementary measures of apraxic behavior discloses a visuoimitative upper limb apraxia in CBD, underlain by a metabolic decrease in a parietofrontal neural network. [less ▲]

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See detailValeur d'expropriation des sites d'intérêt régional en RW
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Immobilier (2001), 17

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See detailA first detailed study of the colliding wind WR+O binary WR 30a
Gosset, Eric ULg; Royer, P.; Rauw, Grégor ULg et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2001), 327

We present a detailed, extensive investigation of the photometric and spectroscopic behaviour of WR 30a. This star is definitely a binary system with a period around 4.6d. We propose the value P=4.619d ... [more ▼]

We present a detailed, extensive investigation of the photometric and spectroscopic behaviour of WR 30a. This star is definitely a binary system with a period around 4.6d. We propose the value P=4.619d (sigma=0.002d). The identification of the components as WO4+O5((f)) indicates a massive evolved binary system; the O5 component is a main-sequence or, more likely, a giant star. The radial velocities of the O star yield a circular orbit with an amplitude K[SUB]O[/SUB]=29.9 (sigma=2.1)kms[SUP]-1[/SUP] and a mass function of 0.013 (sigma=0.003)M[SUB]solar[/SUB]. The spectrum of WR 30a exhibits strong profile variations of the broad emission lines that are phase-locked with the orbital period. We report the detection of the orbital motion of the WO component with K[SUB]WO[/SUB]=189kms[SUP]-1[/SUP], but this should be confirmed by further observations. If correct, it implies a mass ratio M[SUB]WO[/SUB] /M[SUB]O[/SUB]=0.16. The star exhibits sinusoidal light variations of amplitude 0.024mag peak-to-peak with the minimum of light occurring slightly after the conjunction with the O star in front. On the basis of the phase-locked profile variations of the Civ lambda4658 blend in the spectrum of the WO, we conclude that a wind-wind collision phenomenon is present in the system. We discuss some possibilities for the geometry of the interaction region. [less ▲]

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See detailHighly regular polyampholytic structures adsorbed directly from solution
Mahltig, Boris; Müller-Buschbaum, P.; Wolkenhauer, M. et al

in Journal of Colloid and Interface Science (2001), 242(1), 36-43

This article concerns the adsorption of the diblock polyampholyte poly(methacrylic acid)-block-poly((dimethylamino)ethyl methary-late) (PMAA-b-PDMAEMA) from aqueous solution on silicon substrates. The ... [more ▼]

This article concerns the adsorption of the diblock polyampholyte poly(methacrylic acid)-block-poly((dimethylamino)ethyl methary-late) (PMAA-b-PDMAEMA) from aqueous solution on silicon substrates. The investigated polyampholyte is characterized by a small molecular weight around 15,000 g/mol and a big positively charged PDMAEMA block. The adsorbed amount determined by ellipsom-etry was str ongly influenced by the pH of the adsorption solution. Using dynamic light scattering polyampholytic structures with diameters around 50 nm were found in aqueous solution. The hy-drodynamic diameter was hardly affected by changing the pH of the polymer solution. Analogous regular structures were also found by scanning force microscopy (SFM) and grazing incidence, small angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) at the silicon surface after the adsorption process. While SFM provides a topographical image of a small part of the adsorbed polyampholytic layer; GISAXS was used to get a statistical description of the lateral surface structures. The adsorbed structures were highly regular and their sizes were nearly pH independent over a lar ge pH region. Only directly at the isoelectric point of the polyampholyte larger adsorbed structures were observed. Compared with earlier investigated PMAA-b-PDMAEMA systems we are now able to prepare highly regular polyampholytic structures at silicon surfaces. There are two kinds of interactions for the adsorbed micelles. First, the charged block of the chains is directly attracted to the substrate via electrostatic interactions, while the uncharged part of the chains is only hydrophobically attracted via the hydrophobic core of the adsorbed micelle. [less ▲]

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See detailThe role of proton precipitation in the excitation of auroral FUV emissions
Hubert, Benoît ULg; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Bisikalo, D. V. et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research (2001), 106

Far ultraviolet remote sensing from a high-altitude satellite is extensively used to image the global aurora, derive its energetics, and follow its dynamical morphology. It is generally assumed that the ... [more ▼]

Far ultraviolet remote sensing from a high-altitude satellite is extensively used to image the global aurora, derive its energetics, and follow its dynamical morphology. It is generally assumed that the observed emissions are dominated by the interaction of the precipitated electrons with the thermospheric constituents. A model to calculate far ultraviolet emissions excited by auroral electrons and protons and the secondary electrons they generate has been used to calculate the volume excitation rate of the H I Ly-alpha, O I 1304 and 1356 Å, N I 1493 Å multiplets, and the N[SUB]2[/SUB] Lyman-Birge-Hopfield (LBH) bands. The characteristic energy and the energy flux are derived from the observed statistical distribution of precipitated protons and electrons. This model is applied to the midnight aurora, the noon cusp, and a proton-dominated aurora for moderately disturbed conditions. We show that in the first two cases, direct electron impact dominates the vertically integrated emission rate over the proton component, although proton excitation plays an important role at some altitudes in the daytime cusp. In afternoon regions of the auroral zone near the auroral boundary, secondary electrons due to proton ionization are the main source of FUV emissions. The energy dependence of the efficiency of LBH band emission viewed from high altitude is calculated for electron and proton precipitations. Maps of the N[SUB]2[/SUB] LBH emission excited by both components are obtained, and regions of proton-dominated auroral emission are identified. It is found that the distribution of the ratio of proton-induced to electron-induced brightness resembles maps of the ratio of the respective precipitated energy fluxes. Proton-dominated FUV emissions are thus located in a C-shaped sector extending from prenoon to midnight magnetic local times with a maximum proton contribution near the equatorward boundary of the statistical electron oval. The distribution of the Ly-alpha/LBH intensity ratio is found to mimic the ratio of the proton flux/total energy flux, although it is insufficient by itself to accurately determine the relative fraction of auroral energy carried by the protons. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacteristics of Necrotoxigenic Escherichia Coli Isolated from Septicemic and Diarrheic Calves between 1958 and 1970
Van Bost, Sigrid; Babe, Marie Hélène; Jacquemin, Etienne et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (2001), 82(4), 311-20

A total of 434 Escherichia coli isolated from septicemic calves between 1958 and 1965 and 430 E. coli isolated from diarrheic calves between 1967 and 1970 were studied by colony hybridisation and PCR ... [more ▼]

A total of 434 Escherichia coli isolated from septicemic calves between 1958 and 1965 and 430 E. coli isolated from diarrheic calves between 1967 and 1970 were studied by colony hybridisation and PCR assays for the presence of the cnf1- and the cnf2-like genes. They were also studied for the presence of genes coding for putative virulence factors associated with the CNF toxins including F17-, Pap- and Sfa-fimbrial adhesins and the recently described CDT-III toxin and AfaVIII-afimbrial adhesin. Thirty (7%) of the 434 septicemic strains were positive for CNF by colony hybridisation. Twenty-six were confirmed as necrotoxigenic E. coli type 2 (NTEC2) and four as NTEC1 by PCR. Thirty-five (8%) of the 430 diarrheic strains were positive for CNF by colony hybridisation. Five of them were studied by PCR and confirmed as NTEC1. The 26 septicemic NTEC2 strains and 20 of the 35 diarrheic NTEC including three of the five NTEC1 were positive for CDT-III. All adhesins studied were present in NTEC as well as in non-NTEC. NTEC1 were mainly Pap-, Sfa- and/or Afa8-positive, whereas NTEC2 were mainly F17- and/or Afa8-positive. This study shows that necrotoxigenic E. coli with their associated adhesins and toxins were present in calves as early as 1958, but their prevalence seems to have increased since that time. [less ▲]

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See detailFifth supplement to the catalogue of observed periods of Ap stars
Renson, Pierre ULg; Catalano, F. A.

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2001), 378

New data on the periods of Ap stars with references are presented. 161 further stars are introduced for which a periodic variability has recently been discovered or it was known before but it was not ... [more ▼]

New data on the periods of Ap stars with references are presented. 161 further stars are introduced for which a periodic variability has recently been discovered or it was known before but it was not reported in previous issues of this catalogue. For many stars also present in previous issues of the catalogue new determinations of the periods are given. Recently attributed variable star names are also quoted. Tables 1 to 3 are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A&A/378/113 [less ▲]

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See detailDid Psychrophilic Enzymes Really Win the Challenge?
Zecchinon, Laurent ULg; Claverie, P.; Collins, T. et al

in Extremophiles : Life Under Extreme Conditions (2001), 5(5), 313-21

Organisms living in permanently cold environments, which actually represent the greatest proportion of our planet, display at low temperatures metabolic fluxes comparable to those exhibited by mesophilic ... [more ▼]

Organisms living in permanently cold environments, which actually represent the greatest proportion of our planet, display at low temperatures metabolic fluxes comparable to those exhibited by mesophilic organisms at moderate temperatures. They produce cold-evolved enzymes partially able to cope with the reduction in chemical reaction rates and the increased viscosity of the medium induced by low temperatures. In most cases, the adaptation is achieved through a reduction in the activation energy, leading to a high catalytic efficiency, which possibly originates from an increased flexibility of either a selected area of or the overall protein structure. This enhanced plasticity seems in return to be responsible for the weak thermal stability of cold enzymes. These particular properties render cold enzymes particularly useful in investigating the possible relationships existing between stability, flexibility, and specific activity and make them potentially unrivaled for numerous biotechnological tasks. In most cases, however, the adaptation appears to be far from being fully achieved. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferential expression of the GTL2 gene within the callipyge region of ovine chromosome 18.
Bidwell, C. A.; Shay, T. L.; Georges, Michel ULg et al

in Animal Genetics (2001), 32(5), 248-56

The inheritance pattern of the skeletal muscle hypertrophy phenotype caused by the callipyge gene has been characterized as polar overdominance. We hypothesized that this trait may be caused by a gain or ... [more ▼]

The inheritance pattern of the skeletal muscle hypertrophy phenotype caused by the callipyge gene has been characterized as polar overdominance. We hypothesized that this trait may be caused by a gain or loss of gene expression because of the reversible nature of the phenotype in paternal vs. maternal inheritance. Suppression subtraction cDNA probes were made from skeletal muscle mRNA of normal (NN) and callipyge (C(Pat)N(Mat)) animals and hybridized to Southern blots containing bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs) that comprise a physical contig of the callipyge region. The CN-NN probes hybridized to two ovine and seven bovine BACs. Sequence analysis of fragments within those BACs indicated short regions of similarity to mouse gene trap locus (gtl2). Northern blots analysis of RNA from hypertrophy-responsive muscles show a population of GTL2 mRNA centred around 2.4 kb that were abundantly expressed in 14-day prenatal NN and C(Pat)N(Mat) lambs but were down-regulated in day 14 and day 56 postnatal NN lambs. The expression of GTL2 remained elevated in 14- and 56-day-old C(Pat)N(Mat) lambs as well as in 56-day-old N(Pat)C(Mat) and CC lambs. Expression of GTL2 in the supraspinatus, which does not undergo hypertrophy, was very low for all genotypes and ages. Isolation of cDNA sequences show extensive alternative splicing and a lack of codon bias suggesting that GTL2 does not encode a protein. The mutation of the callipyge allele has altered postnatal expression of GTL2 in muscles that undergo hypertrophy and will help identify mechanisms involved in growth, genomic imprinting and polar overdominance. [less ▲]

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See detailSelf-aggregation of poly(methyl methacrylate)-block-poly(sulfonated glycidyl methacrylate) copolymers
Gohy, Jean-François; Antoun, Sayed; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Polymer (2001), 42(21), 8637-8645

The self-aggregation of a series of amphiphilic poly(methyl methacrylate)-block-poly(sulfonated glycidyl methacrylate) (PMMA-b-PSGMA) copolymers in water has been studied by dynamic light scattering (DLS ... [more ▼]

The self-aggregation of a series of amphiphilic poly(methyl methacrylate)-block-poly(sulfonated glycidyl methacrylate) (PMMA-b-PSGMA) copolymers in water has been studied by dynamic light scattering (DLS), size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and surface tension measurements. All the copolymers considered in this study form micelles which, however, aggregate into larger structures as shown by DLS and SEC. These larger structures dissociate into smaller ones upon increasing the temperature. The extent of this dissociation process is strongly dependent on the copolymer composition. It is large as the content of the hydrophilic block is high. [less ▲]

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See detailNeuroprotection with Anaesthetic Agents
Hans, Pol ULg; BONHOMME, Vincent ULg

in Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology (2001), 14(5), 491-6

The term 'neuroprotection' is used to refer to any prophylactic measure that is initiated during the peri-ischaemic period in order to improve neuronal survival. Cell death after ischaemia has an ... [more ▼]

The term 'neuroprotection' is used to refer to any prophylactic measure that is initiated during the peri-ischaemic period in order to improve neuronal survival. Cell death after ischaemia has an immediate, necrotic and a delayed, apoptotic origin. The major biochemical mechanisms that are involved in this process include transmembrane ionic fluxes and intracellular calcium increase, excitotoxicity, free radical formation, peroxynitrite production, release of inflammatory mediators, mitochondrial dysfunction, cytochrome c release, and activation of caspases and transcription factors. Strategies of neuroprotection essentially impact on those biochemical pathways. The label 'neuroprotectant' requires that the therapy has basic properties that are consistent with potential mechanisms of neuroprotection, and that conclusive results are available from animal studies that can be converted into clinical benefit. The present review focuses on neuroprotective effects of anaesthetics and is based on the most recently published reports. [less ▲]

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See detailIsolation of Bovine Follicular Dendritic Cells Allows the Demonstration of a Particular Cellular Prion Protein
Thielen, Caroline ULg; Mélot, France ULg; Jolois, Olivier ULg et al

in Cell & Tissue Research (2001), 306(1), 49-55

As interaction of cellular prion protein (PrPc) and the infectious agent (PrPres) appears to be a crucial pathogenic step promoted by homology, variation in PrPc isoforms on bovine immune cells may ... [more ▼]

As interaction of cellular prion protein (PrPc) and the infectious agent (PrPres) appears to be a crucial pathogenic step promoted by homology, variation in PrPc isoforms on bovine immune cells may explain the absence of infectivity in most bovine lymph organs. In this study, we examined PrPc expression in bovine lymph organs (tonsils and lymph nodes) and on isolated follicular dendritic cells (FDCs). We used a panel of different monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) raised against different epitopes of prion protein. Two MoAbs recognise amino acids 79-92 (SAF 34 and SAF 32 Mo-Abs); the 6H4 antibody reacts with a specific peptide comprising the 144-152 amino acids, and the 12F10 MoAb recognises the sequence 142-160. After immunolabelling of frozen sections of lymph organs with 6H4 or 12F10 MoAbs, we detected cellular prion protein in germinal centres. However, using the SAF 34 or SAF 32 antibodies, PrPc was revealed outside the lymphoid tissues. No PrPc was observed in the germinal centres. Therefore, we adapted the method of FDC isolation, making it suitable for the study of PrPc expression on their surface. Using electron microscopy, the presence of PrPc on the surface of FDCs was demonstrated only with 6H4 MoAb. These results suggest that bovine follicular dendritic cells express a particular form of prion protein. Either the N-terminal part of PrPc is cleaved or the accessibility of the specific epitope (79-92) of SAF 34 MoAb is abolished by interaction with other molecules. This particular isoform of PrPc on bovine FDCs might be related to the apparent absence of infectivity in lymph organs in cattle affected by bovine spongiform encephalopathy. [less ▲]

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See detailMetallocene catalyzed polymerization of ethylene in the presence of graphite. 2. Structure and electrical properties of the composites
Pluta, Miroslaw; Alexandre, Michaël ULg; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

in Polymer (2001), 42(22), 9293-9300

Structure and electrical properties of conducting polyethylene/graphite composites have been studied in relation to the preparation method, i.e. (i) the polymerization-filling technique (PFT), in which ... [more ▼]

Structure and electrical properties of conducting polyethylene/graphite composites have been studied in relation to the preparation method, i.e. (i) the polymerization-filling technique (PFT), in which the polyolefinic chains are growing from the graphite surface, (ii) the slurry polymerization of ethylene in the presence of untreated graphite, and (iii) the mechanical blending of preformed polyethylene and graphite. The extent of the filler dispersion depends on the method used for the composite preparation. Moreover, the graphite particles can be oriented by the molding of the samples used for the measurement of the electrical properties. This orientation is as pronounced as the melt viscosity of polyethylene is low, this characteristic feature changing with the preparation method. These structural details have consequences on the electrophysical properties and the percolation threshold. Finally, the thermal dependence of the electrical resistivity has been studied. [less ▲]

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See detailUne volumineuse masse intestinale
Delbecque, Katty ULg; Meiers, I.; Hardy, N. et al

in Annales de Pathologie (2001), 21(5), 451-2

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See detailExtensive inflammatory pseudotumor of the pituitary.
Hansen, Isabelle ULg; Petrossians, Patrick ULg; Thiry, Albert ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2001), 86(10), 4603-4610

A 40-yr-old female presented with an extensive lesion of the sellar area and the sphenoid sinus, spreading to the optic nerves and associated with pachymeningitis. Histological findings were consistent ... [more ▼]

A 40-yr-old female presented with an extensive lesion of the sellar area and the sphenoid sinus, spreading to the optic nerves and associated with pachymeningitis. Histological findings were consistent with an inflammatory pseudotumor, and steroid treatment allowed the disappearance of all the lesions. Inflammatory pseudotumors of the pituitary are very rare. This case appears unique with regard to the extension of the lesions and the dramatic response to medical treatment. The differential diagnosis of inflammatory lesions of the pituitary is difficult. It relies mainly on histological analysis and includes sarcoidosis, Wegener's granulomatosis, histiocytosis (Langerhans, Rosai-Dorfman, and Erdheim-Chester diseases) and lymphocytic hypophysitis. [less ▲]

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See detailWhy is stromatactis so rare in Mesozoic carbonate mud mounds?
Neuweiler, F.; Bourque, P. A.; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Terra Nova (2001), 13(5), 338-346

The sedimentary-diagenetic structure stromatactis is wide-spread in Palaeozoic spiculitic carbonate mud mounds, but occurs only sporadically in Mesozoic sponge carbonate mud mounds. Comparative analysis ... [more ▼]

The sedimentary-diagenetic structure stromatactis is wide-spread in Palaeozoic spiculitic carbonate mud mounds, but occurs only sporadically in Mesozoic sponge carbonate mud mounds. Comparative analysis of Palaeozoic and Mesozoic stromatactis limestones suggests that this variation results from the degree of siliceous sponge skeletal rigidity and the amount of internal sediment accumulation in the original cavity network. Partial to entire filling by internal sediment resulted in a continuum, from a small amount of internal sediment and large amount of cement (stromatactis, common in the Palaeozoic), to only internal sediments (aborted stromatactis, common in the Mesozoic). These observations match independent lines of evidence concerning the siliceous sponge evolution and sediment recycling (e.g. bioerosion) across the Palaeozoic to Mesozoic biotic revolution. [less ▲]

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See detailAnthrax et charbon
Arrese, J. E.; Pierard-Franchimont, Claudine ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(10), 685-8

Anthrax is a name given in French language to two distinct infectious diseases. One corresponds to carbuncle which is a collection of boils. The other one corresponds to the English term anthrax. This ... [more ▼]

Anthrax is a name given in French language to two distinct infectious diseases. One corresponds to carbuncle which is a collection of boils. The other one corresponds to the English term anthrax. This condition has a clinical presentation and an outcome that vary according to the inoculation site being cutaneous, pulmonary or digestive, and to the bacterial and toxin spread in the body. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of a gravity and shock score for prognosis in equine surgical colic
Grulke, Sigrid ULg; Olle, E.; Detilleux, Johann ULg et al

in Journal of Veterinary Medicine. A, Physiology, Pathology, Clinical Medicine (2001), 48(8), 465-73

A retrospective study evaluated 200 surgical colic cases. A gravity score (GS) based on four clinical parameters estimating intestinal obstruction (rectal palpation, borborygmi, abdominal distension, pain ... [more ▼]

A retrospective study evaluated 200 surgical colic cases. A gravity score (GS) based on four clinical parameters estimating intestinal obstruction (rectal palpation, borborygmi, abdominal distension, pain) and classified into three categories was established and tested to determine if it could evaluate prognosis. A shock score (SS) based on six parameters was also attributed to each case. The overall survival rate was 54%. The statistical analysis showed a significant (P < 0.01) difference in the survival rate in the different categories of the GS, as well as in the categories of the SS. A multivariate logistic regression model showed that horses with GS 3 are 10.6 times more likely to die than those with GS 1. A model combining the two scores showed an odds ratio of 7.1 for GS 3 versus GS 1, and for SS 3 versus SS 1, the odds ratio was 7.2. [less ▲]

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See detail5',6'-Dehydroguiachrysine and 5',6'-Dehydroguiaflavine, Two Curarizing Quaternary Indole Alkaloids from the Stem Bark of Strychnos Guianensis
Penelle, J.; Christen, P.; Molgo, J. et al

in Phytochemistry (2001), 58(4), 619-26

Two new quaternary indole alkaloids 5',6'-dehydroguiachrysine (1) and 5',6'-dehydroguiaflavine (2) were isolated from Strychnos guianensis stem bark. Their structures were determined by analysis of ... [more ▼]

Two new quaternary indole alkaloids 5',6'-dehydroguiachrysine (1) and 5',6'-dehydroguiaflavine (2) were isolated from Strychnos guianensis stem bark. Their structures were determined by analysis of spectral data. Their inhibitory effects on neuromuscular transmission are also reported and compared to that of other quaternary alkaloids. [less ▲]

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See detailFactor Xiiia-Positive Dendrocyte Rarefaction in Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, Classic Type
Hermanns-Lê, Trinh ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in American Journal of Dermatopathology (2001), 23(5), 427-30

The Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) represents a heterogeneous group of connective tissue disorders recognized by distinct clinical, microscopic, and biochemical aspects. In particular, some histologic and ... [more ▼]

The Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) represents a heterogeneous group of connective tissue disorders recognized by distinct clinical, microscopic, and biochemical aspects. In particular, some histologic and ultrastructural clues have been reported in the literature. We present a novel immunohistochemical aid to the diagnosis of the most frequent type of EDS. Factor XIIIa-positive dendrocytes are almost absent in the reticular dermis and markedly reduced in number and size in the adventitial dermis. By contrast, the densities of vimentin-positive cells and CD34-positive cells were unremarkable. The biologic significance of this finding is unknown. However, at least a subset of dermal dendrocytes interacts with fibroblasts. This mechanism could be affected in the classic form of EDS. [less ▲]

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See detailEffets indesirables cutanes des interferons
Paquet, Philippe ULg; Pierard-Franchimont, Claudine ULg; Arrese, J. E. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(10), 699-702

The alpha, beta and gamma recombinant interferons are indicated in a growing spectrum of therapeutic indications. Some unwanted side effects occur on the skin. The main clinical presentations include ... [more ▼]

The alpha, beta and gamma recombinant interferons are indicated in a growing spectrum of therapeutic indications. Some unwanted side effects occur on the skin. The main clinical presentations include vesiculo-bullous sometimes infiltrated dermatitis, vasculitis, necrosis, ulceration and alopecia. Exacerbation of dermatoses such as psoriasis is also possible. [less ▲]

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See detailMobilisation au fil de l'eau : dix années d'expérience de contrat de rivière en Wallonie (Belgique)
Rosillon, Françis ULg; Vander Borght, Paul ULg

in Annales des mines (2001)

Restaurer la rivière et les ressources en eau mais surtout amorcer une dynamique nouvelle et des comportements plus responsables, tels étaient les objectifs du contrat de rivière. Le bilan est aujourd’hui ... [more ▼]

Restaurer la rivière et les ressources en eau mais surtout amorcer une dynamique nouvelle et des comportements plus responsables, tels étaient les objectifs du contrat de rivière. Le bilan est aujourd’hui largement positif et l’expérience pourrait être partagée avec d’autres pays européens. Même si le modèle reste encore largement perfectible. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of Nitrous Oxide on the Bispectral Index and the 95% Spectral Edge Frequency of the Electroencephalogram During Surgery
Hans, Pol ULg; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg; Benmansour, H. et al

in Anaesthesia (2001), 56(10), 999-1002

We studied the effect of nitrous oxide on the bispectral index and 95% spectral edge frequency of the electroencephalogram in 20 patients undergoing lumbar surgery under general anaesthesia combined with ... [more ▼]

We studied the effect of nitrous oxide on the bispectral index and 95% spectral edge frequency of the electroencephalogram in 20 patients undergoing lumbar surgery under general anaesthesia combined with epidural administration of 5 mg morphine. [less ▲]

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See detailOsteo-onychodysplasie héréditaire (Nail Patella Syndrome)
Vanhooteghem, Olivier ULg; Henrijean, A.; Richert, Bertrand ULg et al

in Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie (2001), 128(10, Pt 1), 1063-7

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See detailEvaluation of the Simple Calculated Osteoporosis Risk Estimation (Score) in a Sample of White Women from Belgium
Ben Sedrine, Wafa ULg; Devogelaer, J. P.; Kaufman, J. M. et al

in BONE (2001), 29(4), 374-80

Identifying patients at risk of developing an osteoporosis-related fracture will continue to be a challenge. The "gold standard" for osteoporosis diagnosis is bone densitometry. However, economic issues ... [more ▼]

Identifying patients at risk of developing an osteoporosis-related fracture will continue to be a challenge. The "gold standard" for osteoporosis diagnosis is bone densitometry. However, economic issues or availability of the technology may prevent its use under a mass screening scenario. A risk assessment instrument, the "simple calculated osteoporosis risk estimation" (SCORE), has been reported to appropriately identify women likely to have low (t score < or = -2 SD) bone mineral density (BMD) and who should be referred for bone densitometry. The aim of our study is to evaluate the discriminatory performance of SCORE in a random sample of postmenopausal white women from Belgium. For this purpose, we gathered medical data on 4035 consecutive patients aged > or = 45 years, either consulting spontaneously or referred for a BMD measurement to an outpatient osteoporosis center located at the University of Liege, Belgium. BMD measurements, using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) technology, were taken at the hip (total and neck) and lumbar spine (L2-4). At the recommended cutoff point of 6, SCORE had a sensitivity of 91.5% to detect low BMD at any of the measured sites, a specificity of 26.5%, a positive predictive value of 52.8%, and a negative predictive value of 77.7%. According to SCORE, 18% of the patients would not be recommended for densitometry. Among these, 10.9% were misclassified as they had osteoporosis (t score < or = -2.5 SD) at one or more of the sites investigated. The negative predictive errors of SCORE, when failing to detect osteoporosis, were only 1% for the total hip, 3.2% for the femoral neck, and 8.8% for the lumbar spine. We conclude that, notwithstanding the high values of sensitivity, SCORE specificity is too low to be useful as a diagnostic tool for screening patients at high risk to later develop osteoporosis. Nevertheless, from a resource allocation perspective, this instrument can be used with relative confidence to exclude patients who do not need a BMD measurement, and would therefore provide an opportunity to realize substantial cost savings in comparison to a mass screening strategy. [less ▲]

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See detailReduced dopamine function in depressed patients is related to suicidal behavior but not its lethality
Pitchot, William ULg; Adam, Martine ULg; Gonzalez Moreno, A. et al

in Psychoneuroendocrinology (2001), 26(7), 689-696

Several lines of evidence suggest a role for dopamine in the control of suicidal behaviour. Previously, we suggested an involvement of D2-dopaminergic function in the biology of suicide by demonstrating a ... [more ▼]

Several lines of evidence suggest a role for dopamine in the control of suicidal behaviour. Previously, we suggested an involvement of D2-dopaminergic function in the biology of suicide by demonstrating a smaller growth hormone (GH) response to apomorphine, a dopaminergic agonist, in depressed patients who later died by suicide. The purpose of the present study was to assess GH response to apomorphine in major depressed in-patients with a history of highly lethal suicide attempt compared to depressed patients with a low lethal lifetime suicide attempt history and non-attempters. The study was performed in a sample of 26 male depressed in-patients with a history of suicide attempt compared to 26 male depressed non-attempters. We observed a significant difference between suicide attempters and non-attempters (for GH peak, 6.3+/-5.1 ng/ml vs 15.8+/-14.2 ng/ml, F=10.3, df=1, 50, P=0.002). Moreover, GH peak responses to apomorphine did not differ between depressed patients with a high lethal lifetime suicide attempt history and patients who made low lethal lifetime suicide attempt. In conclusion, the results of the present study support a role for dopamine in the biology of suicidal behaviour. More specifically, an impaired GH response to apomorphine could be a marker of suicide risk. [less ▲]

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See detailAcute St-Segment Elevation in Neisseria Meningitis
Gach, Olivier ULg; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg; PIERARD, Luc ULg

in Acta Cardiologica (2001), 56(5), 327-9

Meningitis due to Neisseria meningitidis occurred in a young man. On admission, he was in septic shock and the electrocardiogram revealed convex upwards ST-segment elevation in inferior and lateral leads ... [more ▼]

Meningitis due to Neisseria meningitidis occurred in a young man. On admission, he was in septic shock and the electrocardiogram revealed convex upwards ST-segment elevation in inferior and lateral leads. Rapid and complete normalisation of the ECG was observed and the patient had a favourable evolution with intensive therapy.The mechanisms of the ECG abnormalities in this disease are unclear. In this patient, ST-segment elevation was probably related to severe transmural ischaemia or prolonged coronary artery spasm as suggested by increase and decrease of cardiac enzymes and transient echocardiographic wall motion abnormalities without pericarditis. However, myocarditis could not be completely ruled out. [less ▲]

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See detailDaytime 50 Hz Magnetic Field Exposure and Plasma Melatonin and Urinary 6-Sulfatoxymelatonin Concentration Profiles in Humans
Crasson, Marion ULg; Beckers, Véronique; Pequeux, Christel ULg et al

in Journal of Pineal Research (2001), 31(3), 234-41

Concern about the health effects of extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields (MF) has been raised by epidemiological studies indicating an association between certain cancers and living near power ... [more ▼]

Concern about the health effects of extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields (MF) has been raised by epidemiological studies indicating an association between certain cancers and living near power lines or working in high electric field environments. Alterations in pineal function have been proposed as a mechanism through which power-frequency MFs may interact with living organisms. A double blind laboratory study was performed to evaluate daytime exposure effects of 100 microT root mean square (rms) 50 Hz MF. Three head exposure sessions of 30 min each were performed: sham, continuous, and intermittent (15 s on/off cycles) MFs were presented to each subject in early or late afternoon (13:30 or 16:30 hr). Twenty-one healthy male volunteers (20-27 yr old) participated in these 3-weekly experimental conditions. Blood samples were drawn for serum melatonin measurement, hourly at night (from 20:00 to 07:00 hr) under controlled environmental conditions. Urinary excretion of 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (aMT6s), the main melatonin metabolite, was measured for a 17 hr period, by means of urine samples taken at 19:00 hr (14:00-19:00 hr "afternoon period"), 23:00 hr (19:00-23:00 hr "evening period"), and 07:00 hr, day 2 (23:00-07:00 hr day 2 "night-time period"). There were no significant differences in either plasma melatonin or in aMT6s excretion profiles in the three experimental conditions. However, a tendency for a smaller increase of night-time urinary aMT6s after continuous MF exposure was found (P=0.08) particularly in men with the lower excretion rate of aMT6s ("Low Group") (P=0.07). We conclude that this study does not indicate that daytime acute MF exposure influences either melatonin secretion or aMT6s excretion. Inter-individual differences in pineal production of melatonin, however, have to be taken into account in further studies. [less ▲]

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See detailDay-by-day maturation of the long-term expression of cocaine sensitization acquired before weaning in the rat
Tirelli, Ezio ULg

in Behavioral Neuroscience (2001), 115(5), 1101-1110

This study aimed to identify the ontogenetic period during which long-term expression of behavioral sensitization to cocaine begins to emerge. Rat pups aged 4, 8, 12, or 16 days received a pretreatment of ... [more ▼]

This study aimed to identify the ontogenetic period during which long-term expression of behavioral sensitization to cocaine begins to emerge. Rat pups aged 4, 8, 12, or 16 days received a pretreatment of 4 daily injections of 15 mg/kg sc cocaine paired with the test chamber for 45 min. Pups were then tested for sensitization in that context after abstinence intervals ranging from 2 to 10 days. On test days, pups were videotaped, and their behavior was scored later. Sensitization was detected after intervals of 2, 4, 5, or 9 days in pups aged 4-7, 8-11, 12-15, or 16-19 days during pretreatment, respectively. These results suggest that the mechanisms for long-term retention of sensitization mature incrementally in the rat, starting to emerge gradually after the I st week of age, whereas those relevant to short-term retention and initiation of sensitization are present earlier. [less ▲]

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See detailRipple and Kink Dynamics
Caps, Hervé ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg

in Physical Review. E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics (2001), 64(4, Pt 1), 41302

We propose a relevant modification of the Nishimori-Ouchi model [Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 197 (1993)] for granular landscape erosion. We explicitly introduce an additional parameter: the angle of repose ... [more ▼]

We propose a relevant modification of the Nishimori-Ouchi model [Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 197 (1993)] for granular landscape erosion. We explicitly introduce an additional parameter: the angle of repose straight theta(r), and an additional process: avalanches. We show that the straight theta(r) parameter leads to an asymmetry of the ripples, as observed in natural patterns. The temporal evolution of the maximum ripple height h(max) is limited and not linear according to recent observations. The ripple symmetry and the kink dynamics are studied and discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailVasculite pustuleuse severe et polymorphe induite par le losartan
Pierard Franchimont, C.; Henry, Frédérique ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie (2001), 128(10, Pt 1), 1040-2

INTRODUCTION: We report a case of severe pustular vasculitis most probably due to losartan (Cozaar) which is an antihypertensive drug inhibiting the receptors for angiotensin II. CASE REPORT: A 64-year ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: We report a case of severe pustular vasculitis most probably due to losartan (Cozaar) which is an antihypertensive drug inhibiting the receptors for angiotensin II. CASE REPORT: A 64-year-old woman, suffering from hypertension, developed a widespread and rapidly evolving bullous and pustular eruption without any other clinical sign. Leucocytoclastic vasculitis and junctional blisters were present with deposits of both IgA and IgG at these sites. Withdrawal of losartan, which was the only drug taken by the patient, and tapered corticotherapy cleared the lesions. The rash left a prominent mottled hyperpigmentation. It did not recur during the following months despite the presence of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies. DISCUSSION: So far only a few cutaneous side effects have been reported following losartan intake. This drug was the likely culprit in the present case. Vasculitis was extremely severe and polymorphous. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude pilote pour le developpement d'un registre de l'infarctus du myocarde en region liegeoise (Belgique)
Paul, I.; Bilge, A.; Bolly, F. et al

in Revue d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique (2001), 49(5), 423-9

BACKGROUND: In 1998, a permanent registry of myocardial infarction was developed in the Liege area (Belgium) to provide updated, exhaustive and validated data on the morbidity and mortality from ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: In 1998, a permanent registry of myocardial infarction was developed in the Liege area (Belgium) to provide updated, exhaustive and validated data on the morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular causes, to define the patients' profile, to identify myocardial infarction therapeutic strategies and to complete and make comparisons with data collected in other parts of the country through methodologically identical registers. METHODS: All acute coronary events lethal or non lethal among individuals from both genders aged from 25 to 69 years and living in the area were registered according to the methodology developed for the MONICA project (Multinational Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Diseases) of WHO. The three main selected data sources were: death certificates, general practitioners and cardiologists, hospitals. The events were categorised according to symptoms, cardiac enzymes, electrocardiogram, history of chronic ischaemic heart disease and necropsy findings. RESULTS: The coronary-event rates were 283/100,000 in men and 102/100,000 in women. The case fatality rate, 28 days after the onset of the symptoms, was 30.6% for men and 36.2% for women, and 77.5% of deaths occurred in the first 24 hours after the onset of the symptoms. CONCLUSION: The development of a myocardial infarction register at a regional level requires the involvement of all health professionals dealing with that pathology. Such register has valuable public health interests, providing exhaustive and validated data on the pathology and its evolution as well as useful information for improving therapeutic strategies and developing adapted preventive measures. [less ▲]

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See detailLa bronchopneumopathie chronique obstructive (BPCO): concepts actuels
Louis, Renaud ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(10), 689-95

COPD is a widespread disease in western countries affecting 10% of adults and linked to tobacco consumption in 90% of cases. This disorder is characterized by a reduced maximal expiratory flow which is ... [more ▼]

COPD is a widespread disease in western countries affecting 10% of adults and linked to tobacco consumption in 90% of cases. This disorder is characterized by a reduced maximal expiratory flow which is irreversible and slowly progressive over the years. In those who are genetically prone to develop a COPD, chronic exposure to toxic fumes or particles generates a bronchiolitis and an emphysema which cause disturbances in ventilation mechanics and alveolar gaz exchange. This leads to symptoms of breathlessness, hypoxemia, pulmonary hypertension and, in end stage disease, cor pulmonale. The smoking cessation is the only way to prevent the occurrence of COPD. [less ▲]

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See detailLe sens de la coherence et l'engagement dans un programme de revalidation cardiaque suite a un infarctus du myocarde: resultats preliminaires
Breuer, Bénédicte; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(10), 703-708

This study investigate the impact of the sense of coherence or SOC (1) on the commitment to health behaviors, as the participation in a revalidation program (physical training) after a first myocardial ... [more ▼]

This study investigate the impact of the sense of coherence or SOC (1) on the commitment to health behaviors, as the participation in a revalidation program (physical training) after a first myocardial infarction. Fifteen subjects have been assessed three times after their myocardial infarction. The data indicate a possible effect of the sense of coherence which is higher among participants in comparison with subjects who refused to be involved in the program. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude de la variabilite interindividuelle de la variation contingente negative (VCN)
Crasson, Marion ULg; Lembreghts, M.; el Ahmadi, A. et al

in Neurophysiologie Clinique = Clinical Neurophysiology (2001), 31(5), 300-20

The use of CNV in clinical practice requires the choice of a standardised protocol, the constitution of reference normative data and the consideration of intra- and interindividual variability. For this ... [more ▼]

The use of CNV in clinical practice requires the choice of a standardised protocol, the constitution of reference normative data and the consideration of intra- and interindividual variability. For this purpose, we recorded CNV in 86 control subjects (44 men and 42 women, 18 to 62 years old (mean age = 34 +/- 13 years) during a reaction time paradigm with a warning signal and a 1-second S1-S2 interval. Moreover, the role of inter-stimulation interval was analysed in a group of 12 subjects through the comparison of recordings made with 1- and 3-second intervals. The CNV amplitude, its morphology and topographic distribution as well as its resolution mode and evolution through the recording were studied. The subjects' performances and their interactions with electroencephalographic data were also included in the analyses. Our results underscore the contribution of age and gender and psychological factors to CNV variability. CNV amplitude (both M1 and M2) increased and changed topographic distribution toward more central sites in older. Men had faster reaction times than women and lower post-S1 P300. Moreover, the life events-related stress and the subject's current anxiety level were accompanied by a decreased CNV amplitude. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude clinique du mois. Rôle néphroprotecteur des antagonistes du récepteur de l'angiotensine II (ARA) dans le diabète de type 2: résultats des études IDNT et RENAAL
Weekers, Laurent ULg; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(10), 723-726

Nephropathy associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus is a rising cause of end-stage renal disease and is a major public health problem. If blocking of the renin angiotensin system has a well established ... [more ▼]

Nephropathy associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus is a rising cause of end-stage renal disease and is a major public health problem. If blocking of the renin angiotensin system has a well established nephroprotective effect in type 1 diabetic nephropathy, this remained to be shown for type 2 diabetes. Two large outcome trials using angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARA's) in proteinuric chronic renal impairment and hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients have now closed this gap: the Irbesartan Diabetic Nephropathy Trial (IDNT) and the Reduction of Endpoints in NIDDM with Angiotensin II Antagonist Losartan (RENAAL) trial. Both trials showed a significant reduction in the primary pre-specified end-point of death, or worsening of renal function (doubling of serum creatinine) or the development of end-stage renal disease. This effect goes beyond the reduction in blood pressure and makes of ARA's one of the important tools in the treatment of type 2 diabetic nephropathy. [less ▲]

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See detailOxidative Processes in Human Promonocytic Cells (Thp-1) after Differentiation into Macrophages by Incubation with Chlamydia Pneumoniae Extracts
Mouithys-Mickalad, Ange ULg; Deby-Dupont, Ginette; Nys, Monique ULg et al

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (2001), 287(3), 781-8

Human monocytes differentiated into macrophages by Chlamydia pneumoniae were able to oxidize blood lipoproteins, as discovered by Kalayoglu et al. (1998). Using a model of human promonocytic cells (THP-1 ... [more ▼]

Human monocytes differentiated into macrophages by Chlamydia pneumoniae were able to oxidize blood lipoproteins, as discovered by Kalayoglu et al. (1998). Using a model of human promonocytic cells (THP-1), the cells were differentiated into macrophages by preincubation with C. pneumoniae extract, and further stimulated by phorbol myristate acetate. In these conditions, the differentiated cells oxidized a thiol compound and released superoxide anion as demonstrated respectively by gas liquid chromatography and electron spin resonance. The thiol oxidation and superoxide anion release were inhibited by diphenyliodonium, a NADPH oxidase and NOsynthase inhibitor, proving that the respiratory burst and the NOsynthase were involved in the oxidation processes occurring in the differentiated THP-1. The role of H(2)O(2) (derived from superoxide anion) was indicated by the enhancing effect of a peroxidase on the thiol oxidation. The presence of alpha-tocopherol in the surrounding medium strongly diminished the oxidation of the thiol target. [less ▲]

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See detailEstablishment of Latency Associated with Glycoprotein E (Ge) Seroconversion after Bovine Herpesvirus 1 Infection in Calves with High Levels of Passive Antibodies Lacking Ge Antibodies
Schynts, F.; Lemaire, Mylène; Ros, C. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (2001), 82(3), 211-22

This study was conducted to investigate the glycoprotein E (gE) antibody response raised after inoculation with a low infectious dose of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) in six calves possessing high levels ... [more ▼]

This study was conducted to investigate the glycoprotein E (gE) antibody response raised after inoculation with a low infectious dose of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) in six calves possessing high levels of passive immunity from cows repeatedly vaccinated with gE deleted marker vaccine. Four out of the six calves developed gE antibodies 3-5 weeks after infection, whereas the two other ones remained seronegative to gE. After 5 months of infection, the six calves were treated with dexamethasone. Virus was only re-excreted by the four calves which previously seroconverted against gE. The two other calves became seronegative against BHV-1, 30-32 weeks after infection. A second dexamethasone treatment performed 11 months after infection failed to demonstrate a latent infection in these two calves. Moreover, the lack of identification of a cell-mediated immune response, after the two dexamethasone treatments, and the failure to detect BHV-1 DNA sequences in trigeminal ganglia strongly suggest that these two calves were not latently infected. In conclusion, the presence of high levels of maternal immunity lacking gE antibodies does not prevent latency after infection with a low titre of BHV-1. Moreover, latency is associated with a serological response to gE. These results confirm that the gE deletion is a good marker to identify young calves latently infected with a field virus. [less ▲]

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See detailInduction of Sparc by Vegf in Human Vascular Endothelial Cells
Kato, Y.; Lewalle, J. M.; Baba, Y. et al

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (2001), 287(2), 422-6

SPARC/osteonectin/BM-40 is a matricellular protein that is thought to be involved in angiogenesis and endothelial barrier function. Previously, we have detected high levels of SPARC expression in ... [more ▼]

SPARC/osteonectin/BM-40 is a matricellular protein that is thought to be involved in angiogenesis and endothelial barrier function. Previously, we have detected high levels of SPARC expression in endothelial cells (ECs) adjacent to carcinomas of kidney and tongue. Although SPARC-derived peptide showed an angiogenic effect, intact SPARC itself inhibited the mitogenic activity of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) for ECs by the inhibiting phosphorylation of flt-1 (VEGF receptor 1) and subsequent ERK activation. Thus, the role of SPARC in tumor angiogenesis, stimulation or inhibition, is still unclear. To clarify the role of SPARC in tumor growth and progression, we determined the effect of VEGF on the expression of SPARC in human microvascular EC line, HMEC-1, and human umbilical vein ECs. VEGF increased the levels of SPARC protein and steady-state levels of SPARC mRNA in serum-starved HMEC-1 cells. Inhibitors (SB202190 and SB203580) of p38, a mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, attenuated VEGF-stimulated SPARC production in ECs. Since intact SPARC inhibits phosphorylation ERK MAP kinase in VEGF signaling, it was suggested that SPARC plays a dual role in the VEGF functions, tumor angiogenesis, and extravasation of tumors mediated by the increased permeability of endothelial barrier function. [less ▲]

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See detailLatency and Reactivation of a Glycoprotein E Negative Bovine Herpesvirus Type 1 Vaccine: Influence of Virus Load and Effect of Specific Maternal Antibodies
Lemaire, Mylène; Schynts, Frédéric; Meyer, Gilles et al

in Vaccine (2001), 19(32), 4795-804

The effects of the vaccination of neonatal calves with a glycoprotein E (gE)-negative bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) were investigated in naive and passively immunised calves either with the ... [more ▼]

The effects of the vaccination of neonatal calves with a glycoprotein E (gE)-negative bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) were investigated in naive and passively immunised calves either with the recommended dose or a 5-fold concentrated one. After inoculation (PI), all calves excreted the virus vaccine except three passively immunised calves inoculated with the lower titre. No antibody response could be detected in passively immunised calves, whatever the dose used, and they all became BHV-1 seronegative and remained so after dexamethasone treatment (PDT). Nevertheless, as shown by a gamma-interferon assay, all calves that excreted the vaccine PI developed a cell-mediated immune response and a booster response was observed PDT, suggesting viral reactivation. The vaccine virus was recovered PDT from nasal secretions in two calves and BHV-1 DNA were detected in trigeminal ganglia from five calves belonging to all inoculated groups. The results show that the BHV-1 gE-negative vaccine can establish latency not only in naive but also in passively immunised neonatal calves after a single intranasal inoculation. Moreover, this study shows for the first time that the gE-negative vaccine, when used in passively immunised calves, can lead to seronegative vaccine virus carriers. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasticity of rat central inhibitory synapses through GABA metabolism
Engel, Dominique ULg; Pahner, I; Schulze, K et al

in Journal of Physiology (2001), 535(2), 473-82

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See detailOptical spectroscopy of XMEGA targets in the Carina Nebula - III. The multiple system Tr 16-104 (â ¡CPD -59° 2603)
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Sana, H.; Antokhin, I. I. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2001), 326

We discuss the orbital elements of the multiple system Tr 16-104 which is usually believed to be a member of the open cluster Trumpler 16 in the Carina complex. We show that Tr 16-104 could be a ... [more ▼]

We discuss the orbital elements of the multiple system Tr 16-104 which is usually believed to be a member of the open cluster Trumpler 16 in the Carina complex. We show that Tr 16-104 could be a hierarchical triple system consisting of a short-period (2.15d) eclipsing O7V+O9.5V binary bound to a B0.2 IV star. Our preliminary orbital solution of the third body indicates that the B star most probably describes an eccentric orbit with a period of ~285 or ~1341d around the close binary. Folding photometric data from the literature with our new ephemerides, we find that the light curve of the close binary exhibits rather narrow eclipses indicating that the two O stars must be well inside their Roche lobes. Our analysis of the photometric data yields a lower limit on the inclination of the orbit of the close binary of i>=77°. The stellar radii and luminosities of the O7 V and O9.5 V stars are significantly smaller than expected for stars of this spectral type. Our results suggest that Tr 16-104 lies at a distance of the order of 2.5kpc and support a fainter absolute magnitude for zero-age main-sequence O stars than usually adopted. We find that the dynamical configuration of Tr 16-104 corresponds to a hierarchical system that should remain stable provided that it suffers no strong perturbation. Finally, we also report long-term temporal variations of high-velocity interstellar Caii absorptions in the line of sight towards Tr 16-104. [less ▲]

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See detailHemodiafiltration does not improve haemodynamics in a porcine model of endotoxin shock.
LAMBERMONT, Bernard ULg; Moonen, Martial; KOLH, Philippe ULg et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2001), 27(2),

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See detailImpaired Accumulation of Granulocytes in the Lung During Ozone Adaptation
Fievez, Laurence ULg; Kirschvink, N.; Dogne, S. et al

in Free Radical Biology & Medicine (2001), 31(5), 633-641

Respiratory alterations induced by an acute exposure to ozone (O(3)) paradoxically resolve during multiday exposure. This adaptation is characteristically accompanied by a gradual attenuation of lung ... [more ▼]

Respiratory alterations induced by an acute exposure to ozone (O(3)) paradoxically resolve during multiday exposure. This adaptation is characteristically accompanied by a gradual attenuation of lung neutrophilia. As maintenance of neutrophilia at the site of inflammation is due to cytokine-mediated delayed neutrophil apoptosis, which is associated with reduced levels of Bax, a proapoptotic protein, we sought to determine whether defects in these mechanisms could account for O(3) adaptation. Lung granulocytes obtained at different time points from calves exposed to 0.75 ppm O(3) for 12 h/d for 7 consecutive days neither showed enhancement of survival nor Bax deficiency, when compared to blood granulocytes. To further investigate the effects of an exogenous oxidative stress on neutrophil survival, human granulocytes were treated with hydrogen peroxide alone, or in combination with granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor, an antiapoptotic cytokine. Both treatments led to rapid apoptosis associated with downregulation of Bcl-x(L) and Bcl-2, two antiapoptotic proteins. This study shows that O(3) adaptation is associated with a failure in the mechanisms leading to accumulation of neutrophils at the site of inflammation, and suggests that this defect is due to direct proapoptotic effects of exogenous oxidative stress on granulocytes [less ▲]

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See detailS Phase Dependence and Involvement of Nf-Kappab Activating Kinase to Nf-Kappab Activation by Camptothecin
Habraken, Yvette ULg; Piret, Bernard; Piette, Jacques ULg

in Biochemical Pharmacology (2001), 62(5), 603-16

Camptothecin (CPT) and derivatives are topoisomerase I poisons currently used as anticancer drugs. Their cytotoxicity is maximal for cells in S phase. Using asynchronous and S phase-synchronized HeLa ... [more ▼]

Camptothecin (CPT) and derivatives are topoisomerase I poisons currently used as anticancer drugs. Their cytotoxicity is maximal for cells in S phase. Using asynchronous and S phase-synchronized HeLa cells, we showed that both the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation and its transcriptional activity, induced by CPT treatment, are enhanced in S phase cells. After CPT treatment, NF-kappaB activation reached a maximum within 2-3 hr and was still detectable after 24 hr. The nature of the complex evolved with time, forming mostly p50/p65 after 2 hr to almost exclusively p52 after 24 hr. In HeLa cells, the different steps of the induction were readily observable in S phase synchronized cells, whereas they were barely noticeable in a randomly growing cell population. The signal progressed through the activation of the IKK complex, the phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha, and the degradation of phosphorylated-IkappaBalpha and -IkappaBbeta. The stable expression of wild-type HA-tagged-IkappaBalpha or mutated HA-tagged-IkappaBalpha (S32,36A) allowed us to confirm the essential role of Ser32 and Ser36. NF-kappaB-activating kinase (NIK) could play a role upstream of the IKK complex, as the transient expression of a kinase inactive mutant NIK(K429,430A) abolished the activation of NF-kappaB by CPT. A kinase inactive mutant of mitogen-activated protein/ERK kinase kinase 1 (MEKK1), another kinase susceptible of acting upstream of the signalsome, did not. Cytotoxicity studies with clonal populations expressing different amounts of wild-type or mutated IkappaBalpha revealed that the overexpression of wild-type IkappaBa in large amount increases the sensitivity of HeLa cells to CPT more efficiently than a lower level of expression of non-phosphorylable IkappaBalpha. [less ▲]

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See detailOptical spectroscopy of X-Mega targets - II. The massive double-lined O-type binary HD 93205
Morrell, N. I.; Barbá, R. H.; Niemela, V. S. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2001), 326

A new high-quality set of orbital parameters for the O-type spectroscopic binary HD 93205 has been obtained combining échelle and coudé CCD observations. The radial velocity orbits derived from the Heii ... [more ▼]

A new high-quality set of orbital parameters for the O-type spectroscopic binary HD 93205 has been obtained combining échelle and coudé CCD observations. The radial velocity orbits derived from the Heii lambda4686Å (primary component) and Hei lambda4471Å (secondary component) absorption lines yield semi-amplitudes of 133+/-2 and 314+/-2kms[SUP]-1[/SUP] for each binary component, resulting in minimum masses of 31 and 13M[SUB]solar[/SUB] (q=0.42). We also confirm for the binary components the spectral classification of O3V+O8V previously assigned. Assuming for the O8V component a `normal' mass of 22-25M[SUB]solar[/SUB] we would derive for the primary O3V a mass of `only' 52-60M[SUB]solar[/SUB] and an inclination of about 55° for the orbital plane. We have also determined for the first time a period of apsidal motion for this system, namely 185+/-16yr using all available radial velocity data sets of HD 93205 (from 1975 to 1999). Phase-locked variations of the X-ray emission of HD 93205 consisting of a rise of the observed X-ray flux near periastron passage are also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailStructure of the Telomeric Ends of Mt DNA, Transcriptional Analysis and Complex I Assembly in the Dum24 Mitochondrial Mutant of Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii
Duby, Franceline ULg; Cardol, Pierre ULg; Matagne, René-Fernand ULg et al

in Molecular Genetics & Genomics (2001), 266(1), 109-14

The dum24 mutant of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii contains four types of altered mitochondrial linear genomes: two types of deleted monomers and two types of dimers resulting from fusions between some ... [more ▼]

The dum24 mutant of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii contains four types of altered mitochondrial linear genomes: two types of deleted monomers and two types of dimers resulting from fusions between some monomers via their deleted ends. All molecules lack at least cob, nd4 and the 3' end of nd5, three adjacent genes located in the left part of the genome. We present evidence showing that in dum24, as in other deletion mutants, the deletions extend to the left telomeric end, and propose that the only replicative forms in the mutants are the dimeric DNA molecules that possess intact telomeric structures at both ends. Two abnormally large transcripts produced from chimeric genes are detected in dum24, which throws some light on the location of potential promoter sequences and processing signals in the mitochondrial genome. Using BN-PAGE analysis and immunological methods to detect complex I, we further show that dum24 mitochondria do not possess the normal multimeric complex I (850 kDa), but produce a smaller, partially assembled, complex (650 kDa), demonstrating a role for ND4 and/or ND5 subunits(s) in complex I assembly. [less ▲]

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See detailL'image du mois. Tumeurs et ulcerations en rouge et blanc
Goffin, Véronique ULg; Hermanns-Lê, Trinh ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(9), 597-8

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See detailA la recherche de la sagesse entre les defensines et les antiseptiques a la surface de la peau
Goffin, Véronique ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(9), 635-8

The density in the natural bacterial flora is quite controlled at the skin surface. The barrier to their penetration inside the body is a major function of the stratum corneum. Its more or less ... [more ▼]

The density in the natural bacterial flora is quite controlled at the skin surface. The barrier to their penetration inside the body is a major function of the stratum corneum. Its more or less anfractuous structure, its hydration and acidic pH are important to maintain the microbiological equilibrium. The non-immune innate or inducible natural defenses rely on the production of epithelial peptide antibiotics (defensins, calprotectin) by keratinocytes. The phagocytic and immune defenses are superimposed to such mechanisms. This whole conundrum may be helped by, but it may also suffer from some skin care products and antiseptics. [less ▲]

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See detailIonic end-capping of (semi)telechelic polymers by mesogens: a novel route to liquid crystalline polymers
Gohy, Jean-François; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Progress in Polymer Science (2001), 26(7), 1061-1099

A mesogenic cation has been associated with low molecular weight carboxylato- and sulfonato-(semi)telechelic polymers to form liquid crystalline halato(semi)telechelic polymers (LC H(S)TPs). Two methods ... [more ▼]

A mesogenic cation has been associated with low molecular weight carboxylato- and sulfonato-(semi)telechelic polymers to form liquid crystalline halato(semi)telechelic polymers (LC H(S)TPs). Two methods have been used to end-cap the linear polymer chains at one (or both) end(s) by a mesogen through ionic bonding. The first method relies on the ion-exchange reaction between the metal counterion of halato(semi)telechelic polymers and an ionic mesogen. The second method is based on the proton-transfer from a sulfonic or carboxylic acid end-group to a tertiary aliphatic amine, this approach being controlled by the relative pKa's of the acid and basic groups. The resulting materials have been characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), polarized optical microscopy (POM), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). On the basis of these experimental results, a model for the supramolecular organization of the LC H(S)TPs has been proposed. The final morphology results from the interplay of two competitive effects: the dipolar interaction of the ion-pairs known for multiplets formation and the propensity of the mesogenic moiety to form mesophases. The outcome of this competition depends on the mobility of the mesogenic counterion, i.e. on the strength of the dipolar interactions, the mobility of the polymer backbone and the mesogen/polymer ratio, which is controlled by the polymer molecular weight. A rod-like organization of the multiplets and a stretching of the polymer chains in the very close vicinity of the mesogenic core has been found in sulfonate polystyrenes, in agreement with the Eisenberg, Hird and Moore model for ionomers. The thickness of this region of restricted mobility has been estimated to 1 nm, which is the order of magnitude of the persistence length of polystyrene. Finally, LC H(S)TPs have been tested as interfacial agents in polystyrene/liquid crystal dispersions. The dipolar interactions of the ion pairs are clearly favorable to the additive localization at the polymer/LC interface. The higher polarity of the ammonium sulfonate pairs compared to the parent ammonium carboxylate ion pairs accordingly accounts for a higher interfacial activity. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois. A propos d'un cas d'hypertension portopulmonaire
Blaise, Pierre ULg; Louis, Renaud ULg; Quaden, C. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(9), 607-11

A case of portopulmonary hypertension discovered during exploration of an atypical faint is described and the pathophysiology and management are discussed.

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See detailUltrasonographic examination of the palmar aspect of the fetlock and pastern: Technique and normal images
Busoni, Valeria ULg

in Ippologia (2001), 12(3), 5

In soft tissue injuries of the equine limbs, the ultrasonographic examination is essential to make a diagnosis, to establish an orthapaedic treatment and to suggest a prognosis. A good knowledge of ... [more ▼]

In soft tissue injuries of the equine limbs, the ultrasonographic examination is essential to make a diagnosis, to establish an orthapaedic treatment and to suggest a prognosis. A good knowledge of ultrasonographic anatomy is the base of musculo-skeletal ultrasonography: this paper presents the ultrasonographic anatomy of the palmar aspect of the pastern and fetlock regions and gives useful technical details to perform a complete ultrasonographic examination of these regions. The ultrasonographic anatomy is described and illustrated by transverse and longitudinal ultrasonographic Sections obtained with a 7.5 MHz linear transducer. [less ▲]

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See detailTransfer of drospirenone to breast milk after a single oral administration of 3 mg drospirenone +30 mu g ethinylestradiol to healthy lactating women
Blode, H.; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg; Heithecker, R.

in European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care (2001), 6(3), 167-171

Drospirenone (DPSP) is a synthetic progestogen which has been developed in combination with ethinylestradiol (EE) for use as an oral contraceptive (Yasmin(R), Schering AG, Berlin, Germany). The ... [more ▼]

Drospirenone (DPSP) is a synthetic progestogen which has been developed in combination with ethinylestradiol (EE) for use as an oral contraceptive (Yasmin(R), Schering AG, Berlin, Germany). The pharmacokinetic characteristics ofDRSP were evaluated in serum and breast milk from lactating women who received a single oral dose of 3 mg DRSP + 30 mug EE, to determine the fraction of the dose of DRSP which transfers to breast milk. Nine healthy, lactating women were included into the present study and pharmacokinetic data were obtained from six participants. The maximum DRSP concentrations (data given as mean standard deviation) were reached on average 2.5 +/- 1.2 and 2.8 +/- 1.3 h in serum and breast milk, respectively after oral administration of 3 mg DRSP + 30 mug EE, and amounted on average to 30.8 +/- 14.4 and 13.5 +/- 11.7 ng DRSP/ml in serum and breast milk. The mean breast milk versus serum concentration ratios of DPSP increased from 0.16 to 0.57 within 2 h after dosing and decreased to 0.16 after 24 h. The average ratio of AUC(0-48 h) , values in breast milk versus serum was 0.23 +/- 0.09. The mean DRSP concentration in breast milk over the 24-h period after dosing was 3.7 +/- 1.9 ng/ml. The amount of DRSP measured to be transferred into breast milk in the six women participating in the present study was, on average, 635 ng (range 256.2-1357.9 ng) within 24 h, corresponding to about 0.02% of the maternal dose. Based on the average concentration of the drug in breast milk over 24 h and assuming a daily ingestion of approximately 800 ml breast milk, the daily dose that reaches an infant via breast milk is estimated to be approximately 3 mug DPSP. The subjective and objective tolerances of 3 mg DRSP + 30 mug EE were good, with no adverse events reported. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois. Syndrome carcinoïde sur tumeur sécrétante du grêle terminal avec cardiopathie
Compere, C.; Geronooz, Isabelle; Croes, F. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(9), 599-606

Uncommon but classically described, intestinal carcinoid tumors represent a variety of neuroendocrine tumors. Able to secrete amines and hormones, they can produce characteristic symptoms called ... [more ▼]

Uncommon but classically described, intestinal carcinoid tumors represent a variety of neuroendocrine tumors. Able to secrete amines and hormones, they can produce characteristic symptoms called "carcinoid syndrome". A cardiopathy is sometimes associated with the disease and carries a high risk of mortality and morbidity. [less ▲]

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See detailDietary Polyamines and Non-Neoplastic Growth and Disease
Deloyer, Patricia; Peulen, Olivier ULg; Dandrifosse, Guy ULg

in European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology (2001), 13(9), 1027-32

This review presents the data that are now available concerning the effects of dietary polyamines at either postnatal or adult stages in non-neoplastic growth and disease. Polyamines provided by food have ... [more ▼]

This review presents the data that are now available concerning the effects of dietary polyamines at either postnatal or adult stages in non-neoplastic growth and disease. Polyamines provided by food have a potential role in growth and development of the digestive system in neonatal mammals (and fishes). In humans, this property could be of importance in preventing the appearance of food allergies. Dietary polyamines also seem necessary for the maintenance of normal growth and general properties of adult digestive tract. Their possible therapeutic effects have been investigated in gastric, intestinal, and, more recently, whole-body healing. [less ▲]

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See detailLe musée mélancolique. Tentatives pour photographier nos manières de voir
Havelange, Carl ULg

in publics et musées. Revue internationale de muséologie (2001), 1999 (paru en 2001)(16), 10-16

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See detailThe Penicillin Resistance of Enterococcus Faecalis Jh2-2r Results from an Overproduction of the Low-Affinity Penicillin-Binding Protein Pbp4 and Does Not Involve a Psr-Like Gene
Duez, Colette ULg; Zorzi, Willy ULg; Sapunaric, Frédéric ULg et al

in Microbiology (2001), 147(Pt 9), 2561-9

A penicillin-resistant mutant, JH2-2r (MIC 75 microg ml(-1)), was isolated from Enterococcus faecalis JH2-2 (MIC 5 microg ml(-1)) by successive passages on plates containing increasing concentrations of ... [more ▼]

A penicillin-resistant mutant, JH2-2r (MIC 75 microg ml(-1)), was isolated from Enterococcus faecalis JH2-2 (MIC 5 microg ml(-1)) by successive passages on plates containing increasing concentrations of benzylpenicillin. A comparison of the penicillin-binding protein (PBP) profiles in the two strains revealed a more intensely labelled PBP4 in JH2-2r. Because the sequences of the JH2-2 and JH2-2r pbp4 genes were strictly identical, even in their promoter regions, this intensive labelling could only be associated with an overproduction of the low-affinity PBP4. No psr gene analogous to that proposed to act as a regulator of PBP5 synthesis in Enterococcus hirae and Enterococcus faecium could be identified in the vicinity of pbp4 in E. faecalis JH2-2 and JH2-2r. However, a psr-like gene distant from pbp4 was identified. The cloning and sequencing of that psr-like gene from both E. faecalis strains indicated that they were identical. It is therefore postulated that the PBP4 overproduction in E. faecalis JH2-2r results from the modification of an as yet unidentified factor. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneration of rapid eye movements during paradoxical sleep in humans
Peigneux, Philippe ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg; Fuchs, Sonia et al

in NeuroImage (2001), 14(3), 701-708

Although rapid eye movements (REMs) are a prominent feature of paradoxical sleep (PS), their origin and functional significance remain poorly understood in humans. In animals, including nonhuman primates ... [more ▼]

Although rapid eye movements (REMs) are a prominent feature of paradoxical sleep (PS), their origin and functional significance remain poorly understood in humans. In animals, including nonhuman primates, REMs during PS are closely related to the occurrence of the so-called PGO waves, i.e., prominent phasic activities recorded throughout the brain but predominantly and most easily in the pons (P), the lateral geniculate bodies (G), and the occipital cortex (O). Therefore, and because the evolution of species is parsimonious, a plausible hypothesis would be that during PS in humans, REMs are generated by mechanisms similar to PGO waves. Using positron emission tomography and iterative cerebral blood flow measurements by H(2)(15)O infusions, we predicted that the brain regions where the PGO waves are the most easily recorded in animals would be differentially more active in PS than in wakefulness, in relation with the density of the REM production [i.e., we looked for the condition (PS versus wakefulness) by performance (REM density) interaction]. Accordingly, we found a significant interaction effect in the right geniculate body and in the primary occipital cortex. The result supports the hypothesis of the existence of processes similar to PGO waves in humans, responsible for REM generation. The interest in the presence of PGO waves in humans is outstanding because the cellular processes involved in, or triggered by, PGO waves might favor brain plasticity during PS. [less ▲]

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See detailHistoire des RAYMOND RASBERRY SINGERS
Sacré, Robert ULg

in Soul Bag (2001), (160), 32-35

ASTRAL HARMONIES - Histoire des Raymond Rasberry Singers : Opal Louis Nations , Dr. Odie H. Tolbert Jr.

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See detailA mutation in the GTPase domain of the large subunit rRNA is involved in the suppression of a -1T frameshift mutation affecting a mitochondrial gene in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Matagne, René-Fernand ULg; Baurain, Denis ULg

in Molecular Genetics & Genomics (2001), 266(1), 103-108

The dum19 mutation isolated in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is due to the deletion of one T at codon 152 of the mitochondrial cox1 gene sequence. Phenotypically, the dum19 mutant is characterized by a lack ... [more ▼]

The dum19 mutation isolated in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is due to the deletion of one T at codon 152 of the mitochondrial cox1 gene sequence. Phenotypically, the dum19 mutant is characterized by a lack of cytochrome c oxidase activity and is unable to grow under heterotrophic conditions. A spontaneous pseudo-revertant that grows slowly in the dark was isolated from the dum19 mutant strain. A genetic and molecular analysis allowed us to demonstrate that the revertant phenotype is the consequence of two additional mutations that together act as a frameshift suppressor: an m mutation affecting a mitochondrial gene other than cox1 and an n mutation affecting a nuclear gene. On its own the n mutation does not act as a suppressor, whereas the m mutation very slightly compensates for the effect of the -1T mutation. Sequencing analysis showed that the m mutation affects the GTPase-associated domain of the large subunit (LSU) ofmitochondrial rRNA. Surprisingly, two substitutions, A1090 to G and A1098 to C, were found in the LSU rRNA of the revertant, the latter one being already present in the dum19 mutant strain itself. The A1090 to G substitution is thus involved in the suppression of the frameshift mutation, but it is not clear whether the change at position 1098 is also required for the expression of the suppressed phenotype. To our knowledge, this is the first example of a mutation in the GTPase-associated domain acting as a suppressor of a frameshift mutation. [less ▲]

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