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See detailLack of trans-activation function for Maedi Visna virus and Caprine arthritis encephalitis virus Tat proteins
Villet, S.; Faure, C.; Bouzar, Amel ULg et al

in Virology (2003)

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See detailInfluence of response factors on determining equilibrium association constants of non-covalent complexes by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry
Gabelica, Valérie ULg; Galic, Nives; Rosu, Frédéric ULg et al

in Journal of Mass Spectrometry [=JMS] (2003), 38(5), 491-501

A method for determining the equilibrium association constant of a complexation reaction A + B <=> AB by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry is described. The method consists in measuring the ... [more ▼]

A method for determining the equilibrium association constant of a complexation reaction A + B <=> AB by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry is described. The method consists in measuring the relative intensities of the peaks corresponding to A and to AB in equimolar A–B solutions at different concentrations C0. The results are fitted by a non-linear least-squares procedure, with the two variable parameters being the equilibrium association constant Ka and a factor R, defined by I(AB)/I.A/ = R× [AB]/[A]. The factor R is the ratio between the response factors of AB and A, and corrects for the relative electrospray responses of the complex and the free substrate A, mass discrimination of instrumental origin and/or moderate in-source dissociation. The method is illustrated with the following two systems: complexes between a double-stranded 12-base pair oligonucleotide and minor groove binders, and cyclodextrin complexeswith a,!-dicarboxylic acids. For the oligonucleotide complexes, it is found that the response of the complex is not dramatically different to the response of the free oligonucleotide duplex, as the double helix conformation is disturbed by the drug only to a minor extent. In the case of cyclodextrin complexes, these complexes were found to have a much higher response than free cyclodextrin. This may be due to the fact that cyclodextrin is neutral in solution, whereas the complex is charged, but it can also stem from the fact that a significant proportion of the complex is in a non-inclusion geometry. The present method requires the exact determination of the concentrations of the reactants and is applicable to 1 : 1 complexes. [less ▲]

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See detailP2X1-mediated ERK2 activation amplifies the collagen-induced platelet secretion by enhancing myosin light chain kinase activation.
Oury, Cécile ULg; Toth-Zsamboki, Emese; Cornelissen, Heidi et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2003)

This study shows that, at low doses of collagen, glycoprotein VI activation leads to early protein kinase C- and MLC kinase-dependent platelet degranulation. Rapidly released ATP triggers P2X1 -mediated ... [more ▼]

This study shows that, at low doses of collagen, glycoprotein VI activation leads to early protein kinase C- and MLC kinase-dependent platelet degranulation. Rapidly released ATP triggers P2X1 -mediated Ca2+ influx, activating ERK2, in turn amplifying platelet secretion by reinforcing the early MLC kinase phosphorylation. Hence, the P2X1-ERK2-MLC axis contributes to collagen-induced platelet activation by enhancing platelet degranulation. [less ▲]

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See detailEstado, mercado y diversidad cultural
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Revista de Occidente (Madrid, Spain : 1923) (2003), 268

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See detailThe Tellnes ilmenite deposit (Rogaland, South Norway): magnetic and petrofabric evidence for emplacement of a Ti-enriched noritic crystal mush in a fracture zone
Diot, Hervé; Bolle, Olivier ULg; Lambert, Jean-Marc et al

in Journal of Structural Geology (2003), 25(4), 481-501

The Tellnes ilmenite deposit, a world class titanium deposit, occurs in the Ana-Sira anorthosite (Rogaland anorthosite province, South Norway). It is mainly made up of an ilmenite-rich norite that has ... [more ▼]

The Tellnes ilmenite deposit, a world class titanium deposit, occurs in the Ana-Sira anorthosite (Rogaland anorthosite province, South Norway). It is mainly made up of an ilmenite-rich norite that has been previously interpreted as injected in a crystal mush state, in a weakness zone of the enclosing anorthosite. This emplacement mechanism has produced a faint orientation in the ore due to the flow of the mush. The internal flow structure of the orebody is studied here using the low-field anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) method. Partial anhysteretic remanent magnetization (pAARM) indicates that coarse magnetite is the main mineral responsible for the magnetic fabric. Parallelism of the magnetic fabric with the shape-preferred orientation of the ore-forming minerals is checked using image analysis (IA) from oriented sections (intercept method). Interpretation of the AMS data verified by pAARM and IA, provides information on the magmatic foliation and lineation. Emplacement flow of the ilmenite norite crystal mush occurred in the direction of the orebody, parallel to its walls, and with an average SE 18degrees plunge. The feeder zone was likely situated below a network of veins on the SE end of the orebody. The sickle-shaped outcrop of the deposit suggests a transcurrent, dextral opening of a WNW-ESE-striking weakness zone across the anorthosite pluton. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailMagnetotransport study of MgB2 superconductor
Mucha, Jan ULg; Pekala, Marek; Szydlowska, Jadwiga et al

in Superconductor Science and Technology (2003), 16(10), 1167-1172

Precise magnetotransport studies of heat and charge carriers in polycrystalline MgB2 show that magnetic fields up to 8 T remarkably influence electrical resistivity, thermoelectric power and thermal ... [more ▼]

Precise magnetotransport studies of heat and charge carriers in polycrystalline MgB2 show that magnetic fields up to 8 T remarkably influence electrical resistivity, thermoelectric power and thermal conductivity. The superconducting transition temperature shifts from 39 K to 19 K at 8 T as observed on electric signals. The temperature transition width is weakly broadened. Electron and phonon contributions to the thermal conductivity are separated and discussed. The Debye temperature calculated from a phonon drag thermoelectric power component is inconsistent with values derived through other effects. [less ▲]

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See detailDas rheinische "tschö"
Möller, Robert ULg

in Rheinische Vierteljahrsblätter (2003), 65

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See detailImproved rank-based dependence measures for categorical data
Vandenhende, François; Lambert, Philippe ULg

in Statistics & Probability Letters (2003), 63

We extend rank-based dependence measures like Spearman's rho to categorical data so that the same ±1 limits are always reached under complete dependence. A goodness-of-fit procedure is derived for ... [more ▼]

We extend rank-based dependence measures like Spearman's rho to categorical data so that the same ±1 limits are always reached under complete dependence. A goodness-of-fit procedure is derived for dependence models using copulas. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis Of Accessible Surface Of Residues In Proteins
Lins, Laurence ULg; Thomas, Annick ULg; Brasseur, Robert ULg

in Protein Science : A Publication of the Protein Society (2003), 12(7),

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See detailVirus infections in pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes
Brilot, Fabienne; Geenen, Vincent ULg

in International Diabetes Monitor (2003), 14

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See detailEffets du protocole GPG sur l’activité ovarienne
Hanzen, Christian ULg; Boudry, B.; Drion, Pierre ULg

in Point Vétérinaire (2003), 34(237), 26-30

The GPG protocol or OvSynch includes an injection of GnRH and followed seven days later by an injection of PgF(2alpha), which is preceded forty-eight hours earlier by a second injection of GnRH. The ... [more ▼]

The GPG protocol or OvSynch includes an injection of GnRH and followed seven days later by an injection of PgF(2alpha), which is preceded forty-eight hours earlier by a second injection of GnRH. The effects of GnRH on follicular tissue are either ovulation or luteinization depending at which stage of the cycle the cow is injected i.e. metoestrus, dioestrus or end of dioestrus. Observation of one or the other effect suggests a close association between the stage of follicular development, the function of the follicular tissue present and also the concentration of progesterone. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidural hematoma after cervical spine surgery.
Hans, Pol ULg; Delleuze, Pierre Philippe; Born, Jacques Daniel et al

in Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology (2003), 15(3), 282-5

The authors report an acute epidural hematoma after the surgical removal of a cervical C6-C7 disc herniation through an anterolateral approach of the cervical spine. Clinical history consisted of ... [more ▼]

The authors report an acute epidural hematoma after the surgical removal of a cervical C6-C7 disc herniation through an anterolateral approach of the cervical spine. Clinical history consisted of respiratory distress and flaccid tetraplegia that appeared 2.5 hours after surgery. Without any complementary radiologic investigation, the patient was immediately transferred to the operating room for a second look, which was unsuccessful. Magnetic resonance imaging performed after this second surgical procedure showed an anterior cervical hematoma extending from C3 to T3 without significant spinal cord compression. A cervical laminectomy was performed to evacuate the hematoma. The patient was extubated the next morning and discharged from the hospital after 5 days with no residual neurologic deficit. An extensive postoperative investigation revealed no coagulation disorder. [less ▲]

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See detailCell Handling, Membrane-Binding Properties, And Membrane-Penetration Modeling Approaches Of Pivampicillin And Phthalimidomethylampicillin, Two Basic Esters Of Ampicillin, In Comparison With Chloroquine And Azithromycin
Chanteux, H.; Paternotte, I.; Mingeot-Leclercq, Mp. et al

in Pharmaceutical Research (2003), 20(4), 624-31

PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to examine and understand the cellular pharmacokinetics of two basic esters of ampicillin, pivaloyloxymethyl (PIVA) and phthalimidomethyl (PIMA), in comparison with ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to examine and understand the cellular pharmacokinetics of two basic esters of ampicillin, pivaloyloxymethyl (PIVA) and phthalimidomethyl (PIMA), in comparison with lysosomotropic drugs (chloroquine, azithromycin). METHODS: Cell culture studies (J774 macrophages) were undertaken to study uptake and release kinetics and to assess the influence of concentration, pH, proton ionophore (monensin), and MRP and P-gp inhibitors (probenecid, gemfibrozil, cyclosporin A, GF 120918). Equilibrium dialysis with liposomes were performed to directly asses the extent of drug binding to bilayers. Conformational analysis modeling of the drug penetration in bilayers was conducted to rationalize the experimental observations. RESULTS: PIVA and PIMA showed properties in almost complete contrast with those of chloroquine and azithromycin, i.e., fast apparent accumulation and fast release at 4 degrees C as well as at 37 degrees C, saturation of uptake (apparent Kd 40 microM), no influence of monensin, MRP, or P-gp inhibitors; tight binding to liposomes (Kd approx. 40 microM); and sharp increase in calculated free energy when forced in the hydrophobic domain. CONCLUSIONS: Although they are weak organic bases, PIVA and PIMA show none of the properties of lysosomotropic agents. We hypothesize that they remain locked onto the pericellular membrane and may never penetrate cells as such in significant amounts. [less ▲]

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See detailCellular Uptake Of Antennapedia Penetratin Peptides Is A Two-Step Process In Which Phase Transfer Precedes A Tryptophan-Dependent Translocation
Dom, G.; Shaw-Jackson, C.; Matis, C. et al

in Nucleic Acids Research (2003), 31(2), 556-61

Several homeodomains and homeodomain-containing proteins enter live cells through a receptor- and energy-independent mechanism. Translocation through biological membranes is conferred by the third alpha ... [more ▼]

Several homeodomains and homeodomain-containing proteins enter live cells through a receptor- and energy-independent mechanism. Translocation through biological membranes is conferred by the third alpha-helix of the homeodomain, also known as Penetratin. Biophysical studies demonstrate that entry of Penetratin into cells requires its binding to surface lipids but that binding and translocation are differentially affected by modifications of some physico-chemical properties of the peptide, like helical amphipathicity or net charge. This suggests that the plasma membrane lipid composition affects the internalization of Penetratin and that internalization requires both lipid binding and other specific properties. Using a phase transfer assay, it is shown that negatively charged lipids promote the transfer of Penetratin from a hydrophilic into a hydrophobic environment, probably through charge neutralization. Accordingly, transfer into a hydrophobic milieu can also be obtained in the absence of negatively charged lipids, by the addition of DNA oligonucleotides. Strikingly, phase transfer by charge neutralization was also observed with a variant peptide of same charge and hydrophobicity in which the tryptophan at position 6 was replaced by a phenylalanine. However, Penetratin, but not its mutant version, is internalized by live cells. This underscores that charge neutralization and phase transfer represent only a first step in the internalization process and that further crossing of a biological membrane necessitates the critical tryptophan residue at position 6. [less ▲]

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See detailProtocole GPG et succès de reproduction
Hanzen, Christian ULg; Boudry, B.; Bouchard, E.

in Point Vétérinaire (2003), 34(238, AUG-SEP), 50-54

In cows, an average success rate of 32% for artificial insemination is obtained using the ovulation synchronisation GPG protocol in cows. This percentage is similar to that obtained in the same conditions ... [more ▼]

In cows, an average success rate of 32% for artificial insemination is obtained using the ovulation synchronisation GPG protocol in cows. This percentage is similar to that obtained in the same conditions after insemination of observed heat (32.6%) and slightly better to that obtained after synchronisation of heat using one or two doses of PgF(2alpha) (26,9 and 28.8%). The protocol has a positive effect on fertility expressed as the percentage of gravid cows four months after calving. The protocol may cause early return to oestrus, either after the first injection of GnRH or after the PgF(2alpha) injection. In heifers, the protocol induces a shortening of the cycle, which suggests that further research is needed on the interval between injections. The protocol does not result in a higher percentage of multiple ovulation. Embryonic mortality is about 7%. [less ▲]

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See detailCombined enzymatic hydrolysis and HPAEC method for simultaneous analysis of galacturonic acid and neutral sugars of pectin.
Garna, H.; Mabon, N.; Wathelet, Bernard ULg et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2003), 68(2 Pt A), 297-300

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See detailBiodiversity, molecular phylogeny, and trophodynamics of amphipod crustaceans in the Antarctic deep-sea
De Broyer, Claude; Dauby, Patrick ULg; Nyssen, Fabienne et al

in Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung (2003), 470

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See detailL'intérêt de la cystatine C dans l'évaluation de la fonction rénale
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg; Gielen, Jacques et al

in Nephrologie (2003), 24(8), 457-68

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is the best indicator of renal function. GFR is usually estimated by serum creatinine or the creatinine clearance calculated on urine collected over 24 hours or with the ... [more ▼]

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is the best indicator of renal function. GFR is usually estimated by serum creatinine or the creatinine clearance calculated on urine collected over 24 hours or with the Cockcroft formula. These methods are however limited. Serum creatinine has a very poor sensitivity and urine collection is difficult. Cystatin C is a protease inhibitor produced in a constant manner by nucleated cells. This molecule is freely filtrated by the glomerule and quite completely catabolized in the proximal tubules. Its plasmatic concentration might thus be used to estimate GFR. Presently available data allow to conclude that plasmatic cystatin C is at least as good as serum creatinine to estimate GFR. It is less sensible to changes in body mass. Its determination appears more sensitive to detect early mild changes in GFR. Reference values are presently available for the different methods of determination. Cystatin C plasma level determination is more expensive than routine creatinine plasma determination. In the absence of very significant advantages, this might explain its limited use in daily clinical practice. [less ▲]

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See detailFreezing of water bound in lichen thallus as observed by H-1 NMR. 1. Freezing of loosely bound water in Cladonia mitis at different hydration levels
Haranczyk, Hubert; Grandjean, Jean ULg; Olech, M.

in Colloids and Surfaces B : Biointerfaces (2003), 28

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See detailThe course of some bone remodelling plasma metabolites in healthy horses and in horses offered a calcium-deficient diet.
de Behr, V.; Daron, D.; Gabriel, Annick ULg et al

in Journal of Animal Physiology & Animal Nutrition (2003), 87(3-4), 149-59

An inquiry was carried out to assess the concentrations of plasma metabolites related to bone remodelling in 21 saddle horses of Warmblood breed aged 4-26 years, five draught horses of Ardennes breed aged ... [more ▼]

An inquiry was carried out to assess the concentrations of plasma metabolites related to bone remodelling in 21 saddle horses of Warmblood breed aged 4-26 years, five draught horses of Ardennes breed aged 4-10 years, and 10 Ardennes foals aged 9-11 months. They were fed according to normal feeding practice in Belgium. The changes in some bone remodelling plasma metabolite concentrations were studied when an unbalanced diet was offered and later corrected for four Warmblood horses. Bone formation was evaluated by bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP), total alkaline phosphatase (TALP) and osteocalcin (bone gla-protein, OC). Bone resorption was assessed by hydroxyproline (HYP). Total calcium, ionized calcium, phosphorus (P) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25-(OH)D] concentrations were more or less constant. The comparison of four bone remodelling factors between the Ardennes and Warmblood horses showed higher concentrations in the Ardennes breed. Bone marker concentrations decreased according to age. The correction of the unbalanced Ca : P diet induced inconsistent effects at plasma level. The interpretation of the different bone parameters appeared to be difficult if not associated with other parameters such as a complete anamnesis and clinical examination of the animal in addition to dietary evaluation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe State, the Market and Cultural Diversity
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Immigrants & Minorities (2003), 22(2-3), 127-140

This essay compares the logic of states & the logic of markets in the management of cultural diversity. On the one hand, the economic logic of markets leads to an encouragement of a 'soft' cultural ... [more ▼]

This essay compares the logic of states & the logic of markets in the management of cultural diversity. On the one hand, the economic logic of markets leads to an encouragement of a 'soft' cultural diversity associated with the marketing of exoticism in music, the arts, & cuisine, for example. On the other hand, the liberal states are trapped between their willingness to recognize some form of diversity & their fear of seeing social cohesion harmed by this recognition. In other words, the essay applies Hollified's hypothesis about the liberal paradox in immigration policy to the sphere of cultural diversity in post-immigration situations. Adapted from the source document. [less ▲]

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See detailCTD measurements, with emphasis on Elephant Island surroundings
Dauby, Patrick ULg

in Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung (2003), 470

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See detailDiurnal Centroid Of Ecosystem Energy And Carbon Fluxes At Fluxnet Sites
Wilson, Kb.; Baldocchi, D.; Falge, E. et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research. Atmospheres (2003), 108(D21),

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See detailCompte-rendu de l'ouvrage de I. Loudon (ed.) : Western Medicine. An Illustrated History
Nissen, Cécile ULg

in Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences (2003)

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See detailStratégies de fusion d’images P/XS basées sur les principes colorimétriques et l’Egalisation de Statistiques Locales
Cornet, Yves ULg; Schenke, Christophe ULg; De Bethune, S. et al

in Bulletin de la Société Française de Photogrammétrie et Télédétection (2003), 169

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See detailFronts and mesoscale variability in the southern Indian Ocean as inferred from the TOPEX/POSEIDON and ERS-2 altimetry data
Kostianoy, Andrey G.; Ginzburg, Anna I.; Lebedev, Sergey Anatolievich et al

in Oceanology (2003), 43(5, SEP-OCT), 632-642

Charts of sea level anomalies (SLA) based on the combined altimetry data from the TOPEX/POSEIDON and ERS-2 satellites, as well as the corresponding charts of the sea surface dynamic heights (constructed ... [more ▼]

Charts of sea level anomalies (SLA) based on the combined altimetry data from the TOPEX/POSEIDON and ERS-2 satellites, as well as the corresponding charts of the sea surface dynamic heights (constructed by the superposition of SLA distributions over the climatic dynamic topography) and the temperature gradients at the ocean surface on the basis of the satellite Multi-Channel Sea Surface Temperature (MCSST) data, were used to study the mesoscale variability related to the fronts in the Southern Indian Ocean (30degrees-60degrees S, 20degrees-150degrees E). An analysis of these three types of satellite information for the central weeks of each month during the period from 1997 to 1999 allowed us to distinguish zones of enhanced meandering (eddy formation) within the basin under study, as well as the contributions of individual fronts and their interaction to the regional mesoscale variability. The problems of the correlation between the intensity of mesoscale variability and peculiarities of the local bottom topography and seasonal/interannual variability of mesoscale dynamics are addressed. [less ▲]

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See detailEnfin "Tubambe" devoile son identite! Hadraphe ethiopica (Bethune-Baker) (Limacodidae), une chenille comestible des forets claires zambeziennes.
Malaisse, François ULg; Demesmaecker, Anne; Matera, Joseph et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2003), 7(2), 67-77

La consommation humaine de chenilles de Limacodidae avait été signalée en Afrique centro-australe. L’une de ces espèces, Hadraphe ethiopica, a été déterminée. Des données relatives à sa biologie ont été ... [more ▼]

La consommation humaine de chenilles de Limacodidae avait été signalée en Afrique centro-australe. L’une de ces espèces, Hadraphe ethiopica, a été déterminée. Des données relatives à sa biologie ont été rassemblées. Des analyses d’échantillons séchés ont permis de préciser leur composition chimique et leur valeur nutritionnelle, notamment sur le plan des acides aminés et des acides gras. [less ▲]

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See detailChanging Patterns of Political Participation of Citizens of Immigrant Origin in the Brussels Capital Region. The October 2000 Elections
Martiniello, Marco ULg; Rea, Andrea; Jacobs, Dirk

in Journal of International Migration & Integration (2003), 3(2), 201-221

The October 2000 elections did constitute a landmark for the political participation of immigrant origin citizens in the Brussels Capital Region. There was a remarkable increase of elected Belgian ... [more ▼]

The October 2000 elections did constitute a landmark for the political participation of immigrant origin citizens in the Brussels Capital Region. There was a remarkable increase of elected Belgian politicians of non-EU–mainly Moroccan–origin. In this contribution we want to discuss the changing patterns of political participation of immigrant origin citizens in the Brussels Capital Region as seen in the most recent local elections. We contextualize the electoral success of Turkish and (mainly) Moroccan politicians and the poor involvement of EU citizens in the recent elections. To this purpose, we also discuss the political situation in the bilingual region of Brussels, Belgian citizenship law and regulations for political participation of foreign residents. [less ▲]

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See detailPrediction of organoleptic and technological characteristics of pork meat by near infrared spectroscopy
Meulemans, A.; Dotreppe, Olivier ULg; Leroy, Bernadette ULg et al

in Sciences des Aliments (2003), 23(1), 159-162

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See detailDevelopment Of Real-Time Pcr For The Rapid Detection Of Episomal Banana Streak Virus (Bsv)
Delanoy, Martine; Salmon, Marc ULg; Kummert, Jean et al

in Plant Disease (2003), 87(1), 33-38

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See detailThe HBZ factor of human T-cell leukemia virus type I dimerizes with transcription factors JunB and c-Jun and modulates their transcriptional activity.
Basbous, Jihane; Arpin, Charlotte; Gaudray, Gilles ULg et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2003), 278(44), 43620-7

The human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I)-encoded Tax protein activates transcription from the viral promoter via association with the cellular basic leucine zipper factor cAMP-response element ... [more ▼]

The human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I)-encoded Tax protein activates transcription from the viral promoter via association with the cellular basic leucine zipper factor cAMP-response element-binding protein-2. Tax is also able to induce cellular transformation of T lymphocytes probably by modulating transcriptional activity of cellular factors, including nuclear factor-kappaB, E2F, activator protein-1 (AP-1), and p53. Recently, we characterized in HTLV-I-infected cells the presence of a novel viral protein, HBZ, encoded by the complementary strand of the HTLV-I RNA genome (Gaudray, G., Gachon, F., Basbous, J., Biard-Piechaczyk, M., Devaux, C., and Mesnard, J.-M. (2002) J. Virol. 76, 12813-12822). HBZ is a nuclear basic leucine zipper protein that down-regulates Tax-dependent viral transcription by inhibiting the binding of cAMP-response element-binding protein-2 to the HTLV-I promoter. In searching for other cellular targets of HBZ, we identified two members of the Jun family, JunB and c-Jun. Co-immunoprecipitation and cellular colocalization confirmed that HBZ interacts in vivo with JunB and c-Jun. When transiently introduced into CEM cells with a reporter gene containing the AP-1 site from the collagenase promoter, HBZ suppressed transactivation by c-Jun. On the other hand, the combination of HBZ with Jun-B had higher transcriptional activity than JunB alone. Consistent with the structure of its basic domain, we demonstrate that HBZ decreases the DNA-binding activity of c-Jun and JunB. Last, we show that c-Jun is no longer capable of activating the basal expression of the HTLV-I promoter in the presence of HBZ in vivo. Our results support the hypothesis that HBZ could be a negative modulator of the Tax effect by controlling Tax expression at the transcriptional level and by attenuating activation of AP-1 by Tax. [less ▲]

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See detailIrritation cutanee et vitesse de propagation d'ondes ultrasonores.
Uhoda, Emmanuelle ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in International Journal of Cosmetic Science (2003), 25(1-2), 31-5

Cutaneous irritation is a stereotyped response of the skin to any physical or chemical insult. Its main manifestations encompass inflammatory erythema and an alteration of the cutaneous microrelief ... [more ▼]

Cutaneous irritation is a stereotyped response of the skin to any physical or chemical insult. Its main manifestations encompass inflammatory erythema and an alteration of the cutaneous microrelief showing increased roughness, dehydration and erratic desquamation. Several instrumental methods can indirectly assess the issues of cutaneous irritation on human stratum corneum. The aim of the present study was to measure the speed of propagation of ultrasound shear waves in the skin irritated by anionic surfactants. The study was performed in 25 healthy subjects of both sexes. Occlusive patches of a 10% solution of anionic surfactants were applied to a forearm of each volunteer. The other forearm served as an untreated control site. Patches remained in place for 24 h. Three hours later, another patch was placed again for 21 h. Resonance running time measurements (RRTM) of the ultrasound shear wave were performed using a Reviscometer((R)) RVM 600. Measurements were performed at entry in the study and 2 days after removing the second patch. Desquamative xerosis was obvious at the sites patched with the surfactant solution. RRTM values were significantly (P < 0.0001) lower than those at the control site. Hence, the speed of propagation of ultrasound shear waves was shown to be increased at an irritated site compared to an intact site. In conclusion, this study shows that the propagation speed of ultrasounds is influenced by the skin surface nature, being considerably increased in skin altered by surfactants. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-Performance Liquid Chromatography Analyses Of Pyoverdin Siderophores Differentiate Among Phytopathogenic Fluorescent Pseudomonas Species
Bultreys, Alain; Gheysen, Isabelle; Wathelet, Bernard ULg et al

in Applied and Environmental Microbiology (2003), 69(2),

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See detailPhysical and textural characteristics of hydrogenated low-erucic acid rapeseed oil and low-erucic acid rapeseed oil blends
Danthine, Sabine ULg; Deroanne, Claude ULg

in Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society (2003), 80(2), 109-114

Low-erucic acid rapeseed oil (LERO) and hydrogenated low-erucic acid rapeseed oil (HLERO) were blended in binary systems. The blends were then studied for their physical properties such as solid fat ... [more ▼]

Low-erucic acid rapeseed oil (LERO) and hydrogenated low-erucic acid rapeseed oil (HLERO) were blended in binary systems. The blends were then studied for their physical properties such as solid fat content, melting curves by DSC, textural properties, and polymorphism. Phase behavior diagrams were constructed from the DSC and X-ray results, and isosolid diagrams were constructed from the NMR results. The mixture of HLERO and LERO displayed a monotectic behavior for all the storage time at 15degreesC. The aim of this work was to evaluate physical characteristics of binary blends of HLERO and nonhydrogenated LERO in order to use only LERO and hardened LERO in bakery shortenings. The mixture of 60% HLERO and 40% LERO is suitable to use as a plastic shortening, This blend is beta tending upon storage at 15degreesC. It could be used in pie crust applications. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Zone Villageoise de Chasse de Sia (Ranch de Gibier de Nazinga, Burkina Faso)
Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Ouédraogo, M.

in Parcs & Réserves (2003), 58(2), 32-44

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See detailIdentification of heterologous multicopy suppressors of the yeast msb3msb4 double mutation
Delroisse, Jean-Marc; Breban, Martine; Burny, Arsène et al

in Yeast (2003), 20(S291),

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See detailExpression in an msb3msb4 yeast mutant of 2 human homologues of the yeast MSB3 MSB4 genes: RN-tre and Tre2 oncogene
Bizimungu, Christelle; Burny, Arsène; Portetelle, Daniel ULg et al

in Yeast (Chichester, England) (2003), 20(S1),

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See detailLe cancer medullaire de la thyroide ou, comment des marqueurs tumoraux et les outils de la genetique autorisent le deploiement de mesures preventives.
Meurisse, Nicolas ULg; Defechereux, Thierry ULg; Hamoir, Etienne ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2003), 58(5), 346-350

Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) arises from parafollicular C cells secreting calcitonin. MTC occurs both as sporadic tumors and as part of specific inherited autosomal dominant syndromes in which point ... [more ▼]

Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) arises from parafollicular C cells secreting calcitonin. MTC occurs both as sporadic tumors and as part of specific inherited autosomal dominant syndromes in which point mutations within a discrete set of RET codons were described. Total thyroidectomy and aggressive neck dissection represents the only chance for cure in the affected patients. Therefore, all patients with thyroid nodular disease should undergo measurement of calcitonin plasma levels to allow preclinical diagnosis of the disease and early appropriate surgery ("secondary prevention"). In case of proband patient for inherited disease, all the family members should be genetically screened to detect the disease gene carriers. Patients with germline mutation would benefit either from earlier surgery at the stage of C-cell hyperplasia or microcarcinoma or prophylactic surgery (total thyroidectomy without neck dissection) (primary prevention) before the onset of any C-cells pathology. The ideal age for performance of such prophylactic surgery is determined by the genotypic features of the disease. [less ▲]

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See detailDeciphering the impaired cytokine cascades in chronic leg ulcers (review).
Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Henry, Frédérique ULg; Paquet, Philippe ULg et al

in International Journal of Molecular Medicine (2003), 11(4), 411-8

Chronic leg ulcers are typically wounds that do not heal at a normal rate. Impaired healing appears to be due to primary microvascular changes and it is aggravated by ongoing bacteria-driven vasculitis ... [more ▼]

Chronic leg ulcers are typically wounds that do not heal at a normal rate. Impaired healing appears to be due to primary microvascular changes and it is aggravated by ongoing bacteria-driven vasculitis. The various cytokines identified in experimental wounds are also present in leg ulcers. VEGF is strongly implicated as a promoter of blood vessel growth in patients with venous disease. In addition, there is good evidence of increased expression of bFGF, TGF-beta1, and PDGF in lipodermatosclerosis. All of these growth factors are involved in wound healing. Upregulated TGF-beta1 is probably one of the main causes of the fibrosis observed in lipodermatosclerosis. In leg ulcers, cytokines appear to be trapped in the perivascular fibrinoid deposits. It is not the nature and amount of cytokines that are inadequate in leg ulcers, but rather their spatial distribution. Dermal dendrocytes (DD) are resident factor XIIIa-enriched macrophages. They likely play a role in tissue repair when boosted adequately. New therapies aiming at helping the release of cytokines by DD apparently promote and improve the healing phase. [less ▲]

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See detailDust-acoustic modes in plasmas with dust distributions and charge fluctuations
Verheest, F.; Jacobs, G.; Cattaert, Tom ULg

in New Journal of Physics (2003), 5

Charge fluctuations in dusty plasmas are discussed starting from charge, mass, momentum and current equations for the combined dusty plasma. This allows a generic description of low-frequency waves in ... [more ▼]

Charge fluctuations in dusty plasmas are discussed starting from charge, mass, momentum and current equations for the combined dusty plasma. This allows a generic description of low-frequency waves in plasmas with dust distributions, and leads to the damping and other modifications of the dust-acoustic and related modes, like generalized dust-Coulomb modes. [less ▲]

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See detailHorizontal And Vertical Co2 Advection In A Sloping Forest
Aubinet, Marc ULg; Heinesch, Bernard ULg; Yernaux, Michel ULg

in Boundary-Layer Meteorology (2003), 108(3),

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois. Masse médiastinale antérieure chez une patiente acromégale.
Laret, Vinciane ULg; Valdes Socin, Hernan Gonzalo ULg; Betea, Daniela ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2003), 58(12), 724-728

The discovery of an anterior asymptomatic mediastinal mass with acromegaly creates a dilemma for the clinician. As acromegaly can be due to a pituitary tumor but also to an ectopic production of GHRH, the ... [more ▼]

The discovery of an anterior asymptomatic mediastinal mass with acromegaly creates a dilemma for the clinician. As acromegaly can be due to a pituitary tumor but also to an ectopic production of GHRH, the first diagnostic step consists of finding the etiology of the disease in order to use adequate treatment. This can be complicated by the fact that acromegaly can be associated with other tumors (for instance in MEN-1 disease and Carney Complex) and because chronic GH hypersecretion can stimulate tumor overgrowth and perhaps tumor formation. We describe the case of a 44-year-old acromegalic woman with an anterior mediastinal mass. We present the different diagnoses and a review of the literature. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Gigantisme : Un mystère élucidé
Beckers, Albert ULg

in Revue Roumaine d'Endocrinologie (2003), 2(4), 88-9394-97

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See detailThe family systems approach to treating families of persons with brain injury: a potential collaboration between family therapist and brain injury professional
Laroi, Frank ULg

in Brain Injury (2003), 17

Although brain injury may have a great impact on the family as a whole, family reactions are not adequately addressed in rehabilitative programmes. When they are, treatment tends to be approached from a ... [more ▼]

Although brain injury may have a great impact on the family as a whole, family reactions are not adequately addressed in rehabilitative programmes. When they are, treatment tends to be approached from a family education and support perspective and not from a family therapy perspective. The aim of the following paper is to illustrate the important role that a family systems approach can play in treating families of individuals with brain injury. In particular, clinical examples taken from the literature will be presented that illustrate how family roles can be modified as a consequence of a brain injury, and the importance of re-establishing or re-distributing these roles. It will be argued that an intimate collaboration between family therapist and brain injury professional is essential, and that the ideal professional make-up of clinicians working with families of persons with brain injury are those well-versed in both brain injury rehabilitation and family therapy. [less ▲]

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See detailMagneto-transport study of nb-doped Bi/Pb2223 superconductor
Pekala, Marek; Mucha, Jan ULg; Cloots, Rudi ULg et al

in Physica C: Superconductivity (2003), 387(1-2), 191-197

The magneto-transport properties of Bi1.5Pb0.4Nb0.1Sr2Ca2Cu3O10-x polycrystalline, superconducting ceramic are reported. The material was found to be chemically homogeneous and partially textured. The ... [more ▼]

The magneto-transport properties of Bi1.5Pb0.4Nb0.1Sr2Ca2Cu3O10-x polycrystalline, superconducting ceramic are reported. The material was found to be chemically homogeneous and partially textured. The mixed state properties were investigated by measuring the electrical resistivity, longitudinal and transverse (Nernst effect) thermoelectric power, and thermal conductivity. The magnetization and AC susceptibility measurements were also performed. The variation of these characteristics for magnetic fields up to 5 T are discussed and compared to those of the zero field case. The transport entropy and thermal Hall angle are extracted and quantitatively compared to previously reported data of closely related systems. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDéveloppement de modèles prédictifs des proportions de duramen et d'écorce des espèces de mélèze cultivées en zones de basse altitude en Europe de l'Ouest (Larix kaempferi (Lambert) Carr., Larix decidua Miller et Larix eurolepis Henry).
Pauwels, D.; Lejeune, Philippe ULg; Paques, L. E. et al

in Annals of Forest Science : a Multidisciplinary and International Journal (2003), 60(3), 227-235

Predictive models for heartwood and bark proportions have been developed for Japanese larch (Larix kaempferi (Lambert) Carr.) planted in South of Belgium. These models have been tested to evaluate the way ... [more ▼]

Predictive models for heartwood and bark proportions have been developed for Japanese larch (Larix kaempferi (Lambert) Carr.) planted in South of Belgium. These models have been tested to evaluate the way of applying them to European larch (Larix decidua Miller) and hybrid larch (Larix eurolepis Henry) growing in west-European lowlands. For the heartwood proportion, independent variables selected are stand age and dbh. The model set up for Japanese larch has a R-square of 0.859. In average, European larch has lower heartwood proportion. With reference to bark proportion, selected independent variable is dbh. Residual variability is far more important for bark models (R-square of 0.456). European larch has, in average, higher bark proportion whereas hybrid larch has lower. An example of the application of these models in connection with a growth model is presented. It consists in an evaluation of the impact of dynamic silviculture on heartwood and bark proportion. [less ▲]

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See detailTraitement de données volumineuses par ensemble d'arbres aléatoires
Geurts, Pierre ULg

in Revue des nouvelles technologies de l'information, Numéro spécial entreposage et fouille de données (2003), 1

Cet article présente une nouvelle méthode d'apprentissage ba-sée sur un ensemble d'arbres de décision. Par opposition à la méthode traditionnelle d'induction, les arbres de l'ensemble sont construits en ... [more ▼]

Cet article présente une nouvelle méthode d'apprentissage ba-sée sur un ensemble d'arbres de décision. Par opposition à la méthode traditionnelle d'induction, les arbres de l'ensemble sont construits en choisissant les tests durant le développement de manière complètement aléatoire. Cette méthode est comparée aux arbres de décision et au bagging sur plusieurs problèmes de classification. Grâce aux choix aléatoires des tests, les temps de calcul de cet algorithme sont comparables à ceux des arbres traditionnels. Dans le même temps, la méthode se révèle beaucoup plus précise que les arbres et souvent significativement meilleure que le bagging. Ces caractéristiques rendent cette méthode particulièrement adaptée pour le traitement de bases de données volumineuses. [less ▲]

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See detailLa possible modification de la procédure de révision de la Constitution belge
Behrendt, Christian ULg

in Revue Française de Droit Constitutionnel (2003)

The article examines the question whether it is appropriate to alter the current amendment procedure of the Belgian constitution. Furthermore, the articles enquires into the possible design of a new ... [more ▼]

The article examines the question whether it is appropriate to alter the current amendment procedure of the Belgian constitution. Furthermore, the articles enquires into the possible design of a new amendment procedure. [less ▲]

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See detailPetit rappel concernant le cacul de la prescription de l'action publique en matière de moeurs
Monville, Pierre ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2003)

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See detailLe japonisme en Belgique. L’affiche Art nouveau et l’estampe ukiyo-e
Bawin, Julie ULg

in Bulletin de la Classe des Beaux-Arts (2003), XIV

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See detailEmile Adan en de introductie van reisinstructies voor de Belgische wetenschappelijke exploratie in Midden-Afrika.
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

in Archives et Bibliothèques de Belgique = Archief en Bibliotheekwezen in Belgie (2003), 74(1-4), 205-217

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See detailLe délai de prescription de l'action civile résultant d'une infraction : fin d'une controverse
Monville, Pierre ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2003)

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See detailBiogeographical Observations On Four Scolytids (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) And One Lymexylonid (Coleoptera, Lymexylonidae) In Wallonia (Southern Belgium)
Henin, Jm.; Huart, O.; Rondeux, Jacques ULg

in Belgian Journal of Zoology (2003), 133(2), 175-180

Following a very sudden, early and deep frost at the end of autumn 1998, the availability of weakened trees (mainly beech trees) reached very high levels in Southern Belgium in the spring of 1999 ... [more ▼]

Following a very sudden, early and deep frost at the end of autumn 1998, the availability of weakened trees (mainly beech trees) reached very high levels in Southern Belgium in the spring of 1999. Consequently, the ambrosia beetles Trypodendron domesticum L. and T. signatum (Fabricius) (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) initiated outbreaks and, in 2000 and 2001, they heavily contributed to the depreciation of nearly 1,600,000 m3 of stem volume (to upper limit girth of 22 cm) in the natural regions of “Ardenne” and “Belgian Lorraine”. Because of the lack of biogeographical data on both insects, of their conspicuous aggressiveness towards apparently healthy trees and of the economic importance of the beech wood chain in Belgium, a large-scale survey was undertaken in 2001, in order to outline the range of both ambrosia beetles in Wallonia. To this effect, a network of 172 traps baited with ethanol was set up, attempting to cover the Walloon beech forest as representatively as possible. Two other scolytids and one lymexylonid were also frequently caught, which made it possible to outline their regional distribution too. Although the damage was limited to the Ardenne and Belgian Lorraine, T. domesticum and T. signatum are widespread throughout Wallonia. We discuss these results, their long-term validity, the secondary pest status of these insects and the need for a permanent monitoring of the major forest pest species and diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailEstimating internal pelvic sizes using external body measurements in the double-muscled Belgian Blue beef breed
Coopman, F.; de Smet, S.; Gengler, Nicolas ULg et al

in Animal Science (2003), 76(Part 2), 229-235

In the double-muscled (DM) Belgian Blue beef (BBB) breed, caesarean section (CS) is being applied systematically as a management tool to prevent dystocia. As a matter of fact, CS is the only possible way ... [more ▼]

In the double-muscled (DM) Belgian Blue beef (BBB) breed, caesarean section (CS) is being applied systematically as a management tool to prevent dystocia. As a matter of fact, CS is the only possible way of calving in the breed. High birth weight and a relatively small pelvic area are the main causes of dystocia and, in the DM-BBB breed, the reasons for the systematically applied CS. Selection for lower birth weight and larger pelvic sizes might reduce dystocia and routine CS. Few data on inner pelvic sizes of pedigree animals are available. Using external measurements to estimate the inner pelvic sizes might be an option to resolve this problem. In this study, animals of the DM-BBB breed were measured and weighed on farms and in abattoirs. External and internal pelvic sizes increased with live weight and age of the animals. Gender had a significant influence on inner pelvic traits. Increased muscular conformation was associated with decreased inner pelvic dimensions. Models with weight, gender, age, withers height and outer pelvic width (TcTc) can be used to estimate inner pelvic sizes (R-2 between 0.35 and 0.77). The estimated inner pelvic sizes can then be used to genetically evaluate pelvic traits in the DM-BBB breed. Improving weight, withers height and TcTc width in combination with lowering muscular conformation may help to decrease the high rate of caesarean section in the DM-BBB. [less ▲]

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See detailLe mandat d'arrêt européen : remise en cause du mécanisme de simple remise.
Monville, Pierre ULg

in Journal des Tribunaux Droit Européen (2003)

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See detailModèle de croissance pour les plantations de mélèzes.
Pauwels, D.; Lejeune, Philippe ULg; Rondeux, Jacques ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2003), 7(2), 87-97

A distance independent tree growth model has been determined for pure and even-aged larch stands (Larix sp.) growing in Walloon Region (South Belgium). This model has been built from 2578 larches ... [more ▼]

A distance independent tree growth model has been determined for pure and even-aged larch stands (Larix sp.) growing in Walloon Region (South Belgium). This model has been built from 2578 larches (Japanese, European and Hybrid larches) in 99 stands. It enables to predict tree circumference increment from circumference, dominant height, basal area, age and site index of stands. Estimating increments of 1283 larches in 48 stands has been used to validate the model that gives unbiased estimates of the increments (mean error = -0.002 cm with standard deviation of 0.60 cm). The mean absolute error of estimates is 0.46 cm.year-1. The model has also been tested to predict the increment of larches in French experimental plots having very different silvicultural treatments. The residues of these estimations depend on the stand basal area: the lesser the stand basal area, the higher the residues of the estimation. A correction factor, linked to basal area through a Bailey and Clutter curve, has been introduced to extend the validity of the model to stands with a basal area lower than 12 m2.ha-1. This factor does not affect the increment estimations if the stand characteristics are close to mean value of the sample used to build the model (correction factor close to 1). The introduction in the model of competition indexes distance dependant or site qualitative variables does not significantly improve the growth model. [less ▲]

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See detailSpinal mechanisms contribute to analgesia produced by epidural sufentanil combined with bupivacaine for postoperative analgesia
Joris, Jean ULg; Jacob, Eric; Sessler, Daniel et al

in Anesthesia and Analgesia (2003), 97

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See detailToxicomanes: sevrage ultrarapide aux opiacés sous anesthésie générale au CHU de Liège
Pinto, Emmanuel ULg; Reggers, Jean ULg; Fuchs, S. et al

in Agenda Psychiatrie (L') (2003), 28

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See detailPatterns Of Bryophyte Diversity And Rarity At A Regional Scale
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Engels, Patrick ULg

in Biodiversity & Conservation (2003), 12(3),

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See detailPhylogeny
Baudoin, Jean-Pierre ULg; Maquet, A.

in Plant and Soil (2003), 252(1), 55-128

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See detailExpression in an msb3msb4 yeast mutant of 2 human homologues of the yeast MSB3 MSB4 genes: RN-tre and Tre2 oncogene
Bizimungu, Christelle; Burny, Arsène; De Nève, Nancy et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (2003), 184

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See detailLa peine de travail - Quelques observations pratiques
Jacobs, Ann ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2003)

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See detailZur diatopischen Gliederung des alltagssprachlichen Wortgebrauchs
Möller, Robert ULg

in Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik (2003), 70

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See detailIdentification of heterologous multicopy suppressors of the yeast msb3msb4 double mutation
Delroisse, Jean-Marc; Breban, Martine; Burny, Arsène et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (2003), 184

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See detailThe changing spectrum of TSH-secreting pituitary adenomas: diagnosis and management in 43 patients.
Valdes Socin, Hernan Gonzalo ULg; Chanson, Philippe; Delemer, B. et al

in European Journal of Endocrinology (2003), 148(4), 433-442

OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to report the recent changes in diagnosis and management of TSH-secreting pituitary adenomas. METHODS: We retrieved 43 consecutive patients with TSH-secreting pituitary tumors (23 ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to report the recent changes in diagnosis and management of TSH-secreting pituitary adenomas. METHODS: We retrieved 43 consecutive patients with TSH-secreting pituitary tumors (23 male and 20 female) among 4400 pituitary adenomas followed between 1976 and 2001 in six Belgian and French centers. RESULTS: TSH was elevated in 18/43 and alpha subunit in 13/32 patients. In patients with intact thyroid (n=30), mean free tri-iodothyronine was 13.1 pmol/l (range 3.5-23) and mean free thyroxine was 38.4 pmol/l (range 10.2-62.7). Hyperprolactinemia and acromegaly were associated in 9/43 and 8/43 cases. The number of associated hypersecretions was higher in macroadenomas than in microadenomas (Chi square = 11.2, P<0.01). Two women had sporadic multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1-associated syndrome. The proportion of microadenomas versus macroadenomas was 1/11 (period 1974-1986) and 8/32 (period 1987-2001). Bilateral petrosal sinus sampling, (111)In-pentreotide scintigraphy and ((11)C)-l-methionine positron emission tomography scan confirmed diagnosis in four questionable microadenomas. Macroadenomas with extrasellar extension (31 cases) had a tendency to be medially located. Medical treatment with somatostatin analogs was initiated as first-line treatment in 26 patients. TSH levels were reduced by more than 50% in 23/26 cases. A tumoral shrinkage of more than 20% was observed in 5/13 cases. Surgery was performed in 36 patients. After 1 year, 21 of them (58.3%) met the criteria of surgical favorable outcome. Pituitary radiotherapy (n=8) and somatostatin analogs allowed normalization in cases not cured by surgery. CONCLUSION: Ultrasensitive methods for TSH measurement led to an earlier recognition of TSH-secreting pituitary tumors. In this series, we observed that TSH-secreting pituitary tumors are today more frequently found at the stage of microadenomas, medially located, without associated hypersecretions and needing new exploration methods as compared with older series. This changing spectrum in the presentation of TSH-secreting pituitary tumors and the excellent response to somatostatin analogs has been accompanied by an improvement in the prognosis of the disease. [less ▲]

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See detailLa ménopause et l'outrage du temps sur la peau et ses phanères.
Pierard, Gérald ULg; Franchimont, Claudine ULg

in Gynécologie - Obstétrique Pratique (2003), 155

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See detailPopulation Genetic Structure Of Wild Phaseolus Lunatus (Fabaceae), With Special Reference To Population Sizes
Zoro Bi, I.; Maquet, A.; Baudoin, Jean-Pierre ULg

in American Journal of Botany (2003), 90(6), 897-904

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See detailHanging in there by a fall – The Oncocyclus of Lebanon
Saad, Layla ULg; Khuri, Sawsan

in British Iris Society Yearbook (2003)

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See detailL'immersion linguistique dans l'enseignement fondamental en Communauté française de Belgique
Blondin, Christiane ULg

in Journal de l'Immersion (2003), 25(2), 19-31

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See detailLombalgies et remise au travail : Quel modèle d'intervention privilégier ?
Mairiaux, Philippe ULg

in Médecine du Travail & Ergonomie= Arbeidsgezondheidszorg & Ergonomie (2003), XL(4), 185-188

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See detailModulating skeletal muscle mass by postnatal, muscle-specific inactivation of the myostatin gene.
Grobet, Luc ULg; Pirottin, Dimitri ULg; Farnir, Frédéric ULg et al

in Genesis (2003), 35(4), 227-38

By using a conditional gene targeting approach exploiting the cre-lox system, we show that postnatal inactivation of the myostatin gene in striated muscle is sufficient to cause a generalized muscular ... [more ▼]

By using a conditional gene targeting approach exploiting the cre-lox system, we show that postnatal inactivation of the myostatin gene in striated muscle is sufficient to cause a generalized muscular hypertrophy of the same magnitude as that observed for constitutive myostatin knockout mice. This formally demonstrates that striated muscle is the production site of functional myostatin and that this member of the TGFbeta family of growth and differentiation factors regulates muscle mass not only during early embryogenesis but throughout development. It indicates that myostatin antagonist could be used to treat muscle wasting and to promote muscle growth in man and animals. [less ▲]

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See detailCloches et plaies des pieds.
Crosset, A.; Uhoda, Emmanuelle ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Pharma-Sphère (2003), 78

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See detailPhotorefractive ZnTe grown by traveling heater method
Verstraeten, David; Launay, Jean-Claude; Delaye, Philippe et al

in Trends in Optics and Photonics (2003), 87

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See detailAtypical recurrent varicella in 4 patients with hemopathies.
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Simonart, Thierry; Kentos, Alain et al

in Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (2003), 48(3), 442-7

Relapsing varicella may occur in children with HIV infection and more rarely in younger adults. Our aim was to report unusual clinical, histologic, and virologic aspects of 4 elderly patients with ... [more ▼]

Relapsing varicella may occur in children with HIV infection and more rarely in younger adults. Our aim was to report unusual clinical, histologic, and virologic aspects of 4 elderly patients with malignant hemopathies who had an unusual form of recurrent varicella develop. Conventional microscopy, immunohistochemistry, and in situ hybridization were applied to smears and skin biopsy specimens. The patients presented a few dozen, scattered, large, papulovesicular lesions with central crusting. No zoster-associated pain or dermatomal distribution of the lesions was noted. Conventional microscopy revealed vascular changes and epidermal alterations typical for alpha-herpes virus infection. The varicella zoster virus major viral envelope glycoproteins gE and gB, and the immediate-early varicella zoster virus IE63 protein and the corresponding genome sequence for gE were detected on Tzanck smears; they were localized in endothelial cells and keratinocytes on skin biopsy specimens. The varicella zoster virus infection in endothelial cells, the vascular involvement, and the widespread distribution of the lesions suggest that the reported eruptions are vascular rather than neural in origin. These findings invalidate the diagnosis of herpes zoster but strongly support the diagnosis of recurrent varicella in an indolent and yet unreported presentation. Furthermore, these eruptions differ from relapsing varicella in children and young adults by the age of the patients, the paucity of clinical lesions, the larger diameter of the lesions and their peculiar clinical aspect, the significantly longer time interval between primary varicella and the recurrence, the prolonged healing time of the lesions, their mild disease course, and the fact that all the lesions are in the same stage of development. [less ▲]

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See detailAlcoolisme ou aldehydisme : Role de l'acetaldehyde dans les effets psychotropes de l'alcool
Quertemont, Etienne ULg

in Alcoologie et Addictologie (2003), 25(1), 33-39

De récentes études ont suggéré que l’acétaldéhyde, premier produit du métabolisme de l’éthanol, participe aux effets psychotropes résultant de la consommation d’alcool. L’acétaldéhyde semble ... [more ▼]

De récentes études ont suggéré que l’acétaldéhyde, premier produit du métabolisme de l’éthanol, participe aux effets psychotropes résultant de la consommation d’alcool. L’acétaldéhyde semble particulièrement impliqué dans les effets renforçants de l’éthanol, ce qui suggère un rôle important pour ce métabolite dans l’abus d’alcool et l’alcoolisme. Cette mise au point passe en revue les preuves expérimentales qui tendent à démontrer le rôle de l’acétaldéhyde dans les effets psychotropes de l’alcool. Les études animales et humaines indiquent que l’acétaldéhyde exerce une action renforçante plus puissante que l’éthanol dans le cerveau. Au contraire, il semble que l’accumulation d’acétaldéhyde dans le sang périphérique provoque des effets désagréables et une aversion pour l’alcool. Les effets hédoniques de l’acétaldéhyde seraient donc déterminés par le lieu, central ou périphérique, de son accumulation principale. Toutefois, l’acétaldéhyde ne doit pas être considéré comme le seul principe actif responsable de tous les effets psychotropes de l’éthanol. Plusieurs études ont par exemple démontré que l’acétaldéhyde ne participe pas significativement aux effets subjectifs de l’éthanol. Si l’acétaldéhyde exerce effectivement un rôle dans les effets renforçants de l’éthanol, il ne doit donc pas être tenu pour responsable de tous les effets pharmacologiques de la consommation d’alcool. [less ▲]

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See detailLiège-Paris 1848 : Littérature, féminisme et Révolution
Droixhe, Daniel ULg

in Bulletin de l'Académie Royale de Langue et de Littérature Françaises (2003), LXXXI(1-2), 41-49

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See detailMycotoxins in stored Barley (Hordeum vulgare) in Tibet Autonomous Region (People’s Republic of China.
Haubruge, Eric ULg; Chasseur, Camille

in Mountain Research & Development (2003), 23

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See detailMédecine d'une culture de paix et bioterrorisme.
Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Dermatologie Actualité (2003), 79

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See detailCacophonie jurisprudentielle autour de la notion d’impôt
Rosoux, Géraldine ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2003)

The article analyzes a decision of the Belgian judicial Supreme Court concerning the concept of "tax", and emphasizes the conflict between this decision and the case-law of the Belgian constitutional Court

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See detailMéthodologie des plans de gestion piscicole en Région wallonne, application au bassin de la Semois
Conjaerts, C.; Hauptmann, Y.; Waltzing, D. et al

in Pêcheur Belge (Le) (2003), (8), 22-25

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See detailLeçons de l’éphémère. La Cour d’arbitrage et le "Renouveau’ électoral" – La Cour d’arbitrage et la suspension
Rosoux, Géraldine ULg

in Revue Belge de Droit Constitutionnel (2003)

The articles analyzes the electoral reform of 2003 and points out the competence of the Belgian constitutional Court to suspend legislative norms.

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See detailRhinitis/Bronchopneumonia syndrome in Irish Wolfhounds.
Clercx, Cécile ULg; Reichler, I.; Peeters, Dominique ULg et al

in Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2003), 17(6), 843-9

This study describes the clinical, immunologic, genetic, and pathologic features of Irish Wolfhounds with rhinitis/bronchopneumonia syndrome. The dogs examined were from Belgium, The Netherlands, UK ... [more ▼]

This study describes the clinical, immunologic, genetic, and pathologic features of Irish Wolfhounds with rhinitis/bronchopneumonia syndrome. The dogs examined were from Belgium, The Netherlands, UK, Canada, Germany, and Switzerland. Signs included transient to persistent mucoid or mucopurulent rhinorrhea, cough, and respiratory dyspnea. Radiographic, rhinoscopic, and bronchoscopic findings were variable. Analysis of ciliary ultrastructure was performed in 5 affected dogs, but no characteristic primary ciliary defects (primary ciliary dyskinesia) were detected. Serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) concentrations of IgA, IgG, and IgM were determined in some affected dogs and clinically normal Irish Wolfhounds. Serum IgA concentration was below the reference range in 5 of 8 affected dogs tested, whereas BALF IgA concentration was above the normal range in 2 affected adult dogs. The CD4 to CD8 lymphocyte subset ratio (CD4:CD8) in peripheral blood was tested in 3 affected dogs and was within the normal range. BALF CD4:CD8 was tested in 1 affected dog and was higher than the normal range. Decreased neutrophil phagocytosis was observed in 1 of the 4 dogs tested. Analysis of pedigrees of the Belgian, Canadian, German, and Swiss dogs revealed common ancestry, suggesting a heritable syndrome. [less ▲]

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See detailEvent-related potentials to emotional and neutral stimuli in alcoholism.
Hansenne, Michel ULg; Olin, Cecile; Pinto, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Neuropsychobiology (2003), 48(2), 77-81

Several studies have demonstrated that the emotional value of stimuli affects P300 amplitude. In the present study, the influence of alcohol-related stimuli in alcoholic patients was investigated ... [more ▼]

Several studies have demonstrated that the emotional value of stimuli affects P300 amplitude. In the present study, the influence of alcohol-related stimuli in alcoholic patients was investigated. Subjects were 10 alcoholic inpatients (3 female) and 10 age- and sex-matched controls. Eight alcohol-related and 8 neutral words served as stimuli in a visual oddball paradigm. Acohol-related words were targets (48 stimuli, 33%) and neutral words were standard stimuli (96 stimuli, 66%). Results showed that P300 amplitude for targets did not differ significantly between the two groups. However, P300 latency for targets as well as reaction time were significantly shorter in male alcoholic patients. In contrast, P300 latency was increased in female alcoholic patients but reaction time did not differ. These results suggest that male alcoholics process information linked to alcohol cues more rapidly than neutral cues, probably because a specific semantic network is activated in these patients. The decreased reaction time confirms the impulsive behavior frequently found in male alcoholism, as it has been described in type II alcoholism. Besides, the results imply that information processing was delayed in female alcoholic patients. Therefore this study demonstrates a gender-dependent impact of alcohol-related stimuli on information processing. [less ▲]

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See detailSapling diversity in canopy gaps in an Ecuadorian rain forest.
Salvador-Van Eysenrode, D; Bogaert, Jan ULg; Zak-Mnacek, V et al

in Forest Science (2003), 49(6), 909-917

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See detailFormation continue en jonglerie
Fischbach, Willi; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Revue de l'Education Physique (2003), 43(4), 114-125

Le premier auteur est étudiant passionné de jonglerie, il a réalisé un mémoire de fin d’études portant sur l’utilisation de la jonglerie en milieu scolaire. Cet article est préparé à partir du contenu de ... [more ▼]

Le premier auteur est étudiant passionné de jonglerie, il a réalisé un mémoire de fin d’études portant sur l’utilisation de la jonglerie en milieu scolaire. Cet article est préparé à partir du contenu de formations continuées proposées aux maîtres de stage qui collaborent à la formation des étudiants de l’AESS de l’Institut Supérieur d’Education Physique et de Kinésithérapie de l’ULg. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Zápara Indians : the Consecration of an Endangered People
Bilhaut, Anne-Gaël ULg

in Museum International (2003), 55(2), 25-30

Focuses on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) declaration of the oral heritage and cultural manifestations of the Zápara people of Amazonia as a 'Masterpiece ... [more ▼]

Focuses on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) declaration of the oral heritage and cultural manifestations of the Zápara people of Amazonia as a 'Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.' Impact that the UNESCO recognition has had on the Zápara; Details of how the Zápara were able to secure sacred status from the UNESCO. [less ▲]

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See detailQuand l’employeur ne respecte pas les barèmes de rémunération
Kefer, Fabienne ULg

in Orientations : la Revue du Droit Social et de la Gestion du Personnel (2003), (8/9), 22-26

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See detailLes facteurs de virulence des alphaherpèsvirus
Muylkens, Benoît ULg; Meurens, François; Schynts, Frédéric et al

in Virologie (2003), 7

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See detailAnatomical and histological aspects of the tonsils in sheep
Gabriel, Annick ULg; Cocquyt, G.; Van den Broeck, W.

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2003), 147(4, AUG-SEP), 251-258

Since the 1st April 2002, the European Union has extended the Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy testing in ruminants by including sheep and goats in the survey studies. In small ruminants, presence ... [more ▼]

Since the 1st April 2002, the European Union has extended the Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy testing in ruminants by including sheep and goats in the survey studies. In small ruminants, presence of the agent of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy was demonstrated in tonsils, so these are considered as specified risk materials. This article gives an overview of the anatomical localisation and histological structure of the tonsils in small ruminants. Anatomically, 6 different tonsils can be distinguished: 3 are located in the oropharyngeal tract (tonsilla palatina, tonsilla lingualis, tonsilla veli palatini), 2 in the nasopharyngeal tract (tonsilla pharyngea and tonsilla tubaria), and one in the laryngopharyngeal tract (tonsilla paraepiglottica). Several tonsils show a cryptic overlying epithelium (cryptic tonsil) whereas other don't (non-cryptic tonsil). Several immunological features of the tonsils are described. [less ▲]

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See detailHistomycologie unguéale
Arrese Estrada, Jorge ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Franchimont, Claudine ULg et al

in Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie (2003), 130

The diversity of onychomycoses is large when the disease is scrutinized using traditional, fluorescence or confocal microscopy. Histomycology is a non-invasive assessment performed on nail clippings. The ... [more ▼]

The diversity of onychomycoses is large when the disease is scrutinized using traditional, fluorescence or confocal microscopy. Histomycology is a non-invasive assessment performed on nail clippings. The location of and the density in fungal cells is variable. In some instances, these aspects remain clinically unsuspected. In vivo confocal microscopy can bring the same information. Computerized image analysis of histological sections is the most performant means for quantifying the fungal load. Immunohistochemistry brings information about the identity of the fungus or the association of different fungi present in the nail plate. Mixed infections may be unifocal or located at different levels in the nail apparatus. The viability of fungi as assessed by vital stains can be assessed under the microscope and quantified by flow cytometry. The different facets of nail histomycology are complementary and shed some light on aspects sometimes unsuspected of onychomycoses. [less ▲]

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