References of "Scientific journals"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAccroissement des exportations agricoles et sécurité alimentaire au Viêt-nam
Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Burny, Philippe ULg

in Economies et sociétés. Série Développement agro-alimentaire, A.G. (1995), 22(3-4), 361-371

La rénovation des politiques et des méthodes d'action à l'égard de l'agriculture a permis au Viêt-nam de conforter sa position de troisième exportateur mondial de riz. Néanmoins la situation semble moins ... [more ▼]

La rénovation des politiques et des méthodes d'action à l'égard de l'agriculture a permis au Viêt-nam de conforter sa position de troisième exportateur mondial de riz. Néanmoins la situation semble moins favorable qu'il n'y paraît. Le marché international du riz est caractérisé par des prix bas et par une forte concurrence entre pays exportateurs. En outre, le marché est réduit et instable. Il s'ensuit que le Viêt-nam, proche de l'autosuffisance, peut tantôt être importateur tantôt exportateur de riz selon les performances enregistrées par les riziculteurs. Cet article analyse les perspectives qui sont actuellement offertes au Viêt-nam en matière de sécurité alimentaire en relation avec l'adoption d'une politique agricole qui encourage l'accroissement des exportations de riz. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (19 ULg)
Full Text
See detailRéalisation d'un appareillage mesure de l'anisotropie magnétique et application aux supraconducteurs à haute température critique
Vanderbemden, Philippe ULg

in Bulletin Scientifique de l'Association des Ingénieurs Electriciens sortis de l'Institut Electrotechnique Montefiore (1995), 12

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (10 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDepistage des neoplasies endocriniennes multiples de type 1 (NEM 1). Reflexion du Groupe d'Etude des Neoplasies Endocriniennes Multiples de type 1 (GENEM 1).
Cougard, P.; Calender, A.; Carnaille, B. et al

in Annales de Chirurgie (1995), 49(6), 500-506

The "Groupe d'Etude des Neoplasies Endocriniennes Multiples de type 1 (GENEM 1)" is a French group involved in a comprehensive multicentre study of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1 syndrome (NEM 1 ... [more ▼]

The "Groupe d'Etude des Neoplasies Endocriniennes Multiples de type 1 (GENEM 1)" is a French group involved in a comprehensive multicentre study of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1 syndrome (NEM 1). The objectives of this group are to define diagnostic and therapeutic protocols and to carry out genetic research on NEM1. The first aim of physicians is to recognize the syndrome and to determine the appropriate screening especially into two circumstances: 1 degree In case of isolated and sporadic glandular disease -i-e-parathyroid glands, endocrine pancreas, antehypophysis, adrenal glands and neuroendocrine tumors? 2 degrees In case of very high probability of NEM 1 syndrome? This paper answers these two questions, based on the analysis of the first 150 cases collected by the GENEM 1. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPacemaker Implantation for Early Sinus Node Dysfunction after Orthotopic Heart Transplantation
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg; Fourny, J. et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (1995), 95(1), 31-4

Among 60 patients who received OHT at our institution between November 1986 and January 1990, 4 actually needed implantation of a permanent pacemaker. Three patients with symptomatic early sinus node ... [more ▼]

Among 60 patients who received OHT at our institution between November 1986 and January 1990, 4 actually needed implantation of a permanent pacemaker. Three patients with symptomatic early sinus node dysfunction were identified and were satisfactorily paced on the VVIR mode. All three showed sinus recovery within three months following implantation and had their pacemaker switched from the VVIR mode to a simple ventricular demand pacing. Interestingly, administration of beta-blocking drugs quickly reinstituted pace dependence. The patients' outcome is excellent (18 to 48 months follow-up). No difference with the global cohort of our OHT recipients was noticed, apart from an apparent high incidence of infections (3/3) with (2/3) CMV and severe rejection (3/3) during the first month postoperatively. This data suggests that sinus dysfunction may be the result of a multifactorial (rejection, CMV, ...) injury to the conduction system, and is only clinically relevant beyond a threshold level. Denervation hypersensitivity, together with correction of these factors, may account for the restoration of a sufficient reserve of conduction system, and therefore appropriate sinus node function in basal conditions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailComposition n'est pas raison? Une contrefaçon liégeoise de la Théorie de l'impôt de Mirabeau (1761)
Droixhe, Daniel ULg

in De Gulden Passer = Le compas d'or (1995), 73

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailTreatment of patent ductus arteriosus by placement of intravascular coils in a pup
Snaps, Frédéric ULg; Mc Entee, Kathleen ULg; Saunders, J. et al

in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association [=JAVMA] (1995), 6(6), 724-725

A 3-month-old female mixed-breed pup was referred for evaluation and treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Selective angiography was performed to confirm the diagnosis. A cone-shaped PDA with a ... [more ▼]

A 3-month-old female mixed-breed pup was referred for evaluation and treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Selective angiography was performed to confirm the diagnosis. A cone-shaped PDA with a large aortic base was outlined. A second selective angiographic procedure was performed to functionally close the PDA by use of thrombotic coils; complete obstruction was obtained. Twenty-four hours after the procedure, the murmur disappeared. One month later, the dog was reexamined and found to be clinically normal. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detail3-Methyl-4H-pyrido[3,2-e][1,2,4]thiadiazine 1,1-dioxide
Dupont, L.; Pirotte, Bernard ULg; De Tullio, Pascal ULg et al

in Acta Crystallographica (1995), C51

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPerformance of Belgian hospitals: a frontier approach
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Bosmans, Nathalie

in Health Economics (1995), 4,5(Sep-oct 1995), 389-397

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailFoie et maladies inflammatoires du tube digestif
Belaiche, Jacques ULg; Houbiers, G.; Louis, Edouard ULg

in Médecine et Hygiène (1995), 53

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailUse of shelter by grazing bulls: effect of climatic factors
Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Sheri, R. et al

in Animal Science (1995), 60

The time spent under a shelter by eight grazing fattening bulls of the Belgian Blue breed in each of 3 years consecutively for a total of 48 days was recorded using a time-lapse recorder with infrared ... [more ▼]

The time spent under a shelter by eight grazing fattening bulls of the Belgian Blue breed in each of 3 years consecutively for a total of 48 days was recorded using a time-lapse recorder with infrared illumination. During one grazing period, data were collected over 35 days (experiment 1). Observations were divided into 166 h with rain (20%) and 674 h without precipitation (80%). The average occupation rates were 15.4 (s.e. 29.1)% for the hours with rain and 4.5 (s.e. 14.8)% for the hours without precipitation (P < 0.001). The effect of intensity and duration of rain on the occupation rate was significant from 0.4 l/m(2) or from 2 h. Experiment 2 (13 days of observation) examined the influence of temperature and solar radiation on the use of shelter. The occupation rates were 21 (s.e. 23)% during the daylight hours (07.00 to 19.00 h), 6 (s.e. 8)% during the night (19.00 to 07.00 h) and 14 (s.e. 14)% during a 24-h period. The occupation rate between 07.00 and 19.00 h was significantly correlated to the mean daily temperature (r = 0.75), the maximum daily temperature (r = 0.86) and the direct solar radiation time (r = 0.60). When the maximum daily temperature exceeded 20 degrees C, the use of the shelter increased from 10 to 49% of the daylight hours. There was no significant difference between the live-weight gains of animals from the observed group and those of other bulls on an adjacent pasture without shelter. Nevertheless, these observations suggest that a shelter may improve the welfare of grazing cattle. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSurgical Technique for Reinforcement Cardiomyoplasty
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; Chachques, J.C.; Fourny, J. et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (1995), 95(6), 271-4

The current technique for reinforcement cardiomyoplasty in man is detailed. The authors emphasize the critical points that determine the perfect execution of this operation. This innovative surgical ... [more ▼]

The current technique for reinforcement cardiomyoplasty in man is detailed. The authors emphasize the critical points that determine the perfect execution of this operation. This innovative surgical approach to heart failure is continuously evolving and, therefore, may be subject to improvement. The major principles however remain valuable. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffects of an enriched environment on subsequent fear reactions of lambs and their mothers.
Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Bouissou, Marie-France

in Applied Animal Behaviour Science (1995), 44

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPiracetam-Induced Changes To Membrane Physical-Properties - A Combined Approach By P-31 Nuclear-Magnetic-Resonance And Conformational-Analysis
Peuvot, J.; Schanck, A.; Deleers, M. et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (1995), 50(8), 1129-34

Piracetam, Nootropil (2-oxo-1-pyrrolidine acetamide), is a drug promoting erythrocyte deformability. To establish the mode of action of this compound, we have investigated its influence on the ... [more ▼]

Piracetam, Nootropil (2-oxo-1-pyrrolidine acetamide), is a drug promoting erythrocyte deformability. To establish the mode of action of this compound, we have investigated its influence on the organization of model phospholipid membranes. 31P NMR data show that the drug induces a structural modification in liposomes made of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine. Our conformational analysis results have allowed the interpretation of the effect of piracetam on these model membranes: the specific interaction between the drug molecules and the phosphate headgroups induces a new organization of the lipids favouring formation of mobile drug-phospholipid complexes that exhibit an isotropic-type signal in the 31P NMR spectra. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailArt (de l'affiche) et pouvoir
Duchesne, Jean-Patrick ULg

in Art&Fact (1995), 14

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailParticle fluxes over a Mediterranean seagrass bed: a one-year sediment trap experiment
Dauby, Patrick ULg; Bale, A. J.; Bloomer, N. et al

in Marine Ecology. Progress Series (1995), 126

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'hypothyroidie subclinique.
Moreau, L.; Beckers, Albert ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1995), 50(4), 171-4

L'hypothiroïdie subclinique associe, chez des patients asymptomatiques, une élévation de la TSH sérique et une hormonologie thyroïdienne dans les limites de la normale. Le traitement de cette pathologie ... [more ▼]

L'hypothiroïdie subclinique associe, chez des patients asymptomatiques, une élévation de la TSH sérique et une hormonologie thyroïdienne dans les limites de la normale. Le traitement de cette pathologie affectant surtout les personnes âgées est justifié par l'existence de troubles du bilan lipidique, de goitres et de perturbations neuropsychologiques. Celui-ci repose sur l'administration de lévothyroxine à dose minimale pour normaliser la TSH [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparative double-blind multicenter study of the efficacy of tiludronate and etidronate in Paget's disease of bone
Roux, C; Gennari, C; Farrerons, J et al

in BONE (1995), 16(S1), 503

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAssessment of lipoxygenase activity in seed extracts from 35 plant species
Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg; Vanzeveren, E.; Marlier, Michel et al

in Grasas y Aceites (1995), 46(1), 6-10

Lipoxyganase activity in 35 seed extracts was determined an the basis of hydroperoxide synthesis using linoleic acid as substrate. The results referring to the extracted protein content show that several ... [more ▼]

Lipoxyganase activity in 35 seed extracts was determined an the basis of hydroperoxide synthesis using linoleic acid as substrate. The results referring to the extracted protein content show that several species of Vigna (V. unguiculata, V. radiata and V. mungo) and one of Trifolium exhibit stronger lipoxygenase activity than soybean enzyme extracts. The pH-activity relationship was also established for 4 very active samples. GCMS analysis revealed equal amounts of 9- and 13 hydroperoxides of linoleic acid In these seed extracts, indicating no enzyme positional specificity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (11 ULg)
See detailCabergoline in prolactinomen.
Abs, R.; Verhaert, G.; Demez, Pierre ULg et al

in Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde (1995), 51

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailViolence et justice
Steinmetz, Rudy ULg

in Avancées (1995)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailVenous Allografts for Critical Limb Ischaemia
VAN DAMME, Hendrik ULg; CREEMERS, Etienne ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (1995), 95(1, Jan-Feb), 14-20

In as many as 25% of the patients with critical lower limb ischaemia, a suitable autogenous vein graft is not available. Patency rate of prosthetic grafts is disappointing at the infrageniculate level ... [more ▼]

In as many as 25% of the patients with critical lower limb ischaemia, a suitable autogenous vein graft is not available. Patency rate of prosthetic grafts is disappointing at the infrageniculate level. Recently, there is renewed interest in the use of preserved venous allografts as an alternate conduit in patients with threatened ischaemic limbs. From 1991 to 1993, the authors revascularized 12 ischaemic limbs with venous allografts (10 preserved at 4 degrees C, 2 Varivas grafts). The indication for operation was rest pain in five patients and tissue necrosis in seven. Nine patients had one or more previous ipsilateral revascularizations. The at 4 degrees C preserved venous allografts were conserved for a near period of 2 months. In only half (5/10) of the cases ABO isocompatibility could be respected. Distal anastomosis was always below the knee. In 6 patients, the anastomosis was at tibial level. There was one rupture of a Varivas graft on the fifth postoperative day, necessitating ligation of the graft and subsequent amputation. All other grafts remained patent for a mean period of 10.6 months. Actually, 6 grafts are still open. Most patients were given aspirin. Only three patients were under oral coumarin anticoagulation in an effort to prevent early graft failure. The limb salvage rate is 67% (8/12) (mean follow-up of 13 months). The authors discuss the clinical experience with venous allografts as published in recent literature. Use of venous allografts for arterial reconstruction in humans was met with limited success so far. The one year patency approximates 50%. Venous allografts progress in an ineluctable way to a fibrous conduit.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailApplication des transects pluviométriques spatio-temporels annuels à l’ensemble du territoire sahélien.
Ozer, Pierre ULg

in Publications de l'Association Internationale de Climatologie (1995), 8

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailUse of a model to understand prolactin and growth hormone specificities
Goffin, Vincent; Martial, Joseph ULg; Summers, Neena L.

in Protein Engineering (1995), 8(12), 1215-31

A human prolactin (hPRL) model based on a 2.1 A resolution X-ray refinement of porcine growth hormone is reported. Only regions clearly defined in the growth hormone template (the four-helix bundle) or ... [more ▼]

A human prolactin (hPRL) model based on a 2.1 A resolution X-ray refinement of porcine growth hormone is reported. Only regions clearly defined in the growth hormone template (the four-helix bundle) or previously assumed to be involved in hPRL-receptor binding (the bundle and the binding site loop) are included. A description of the model construction is provided and the resulting hPRL structure is used to interpret mutation/activity data for the cross-reactivity of human growth hormone (hGH) with the lactogenic receptor and the binding of human and bovine prolactin to the lactogenic receptor. The recognition of hPRL by its receptor unexpectedly appears to resemble more closely the interaction of hGH with the somatogenic receptor than with the lactogenic receptor. Each hGH binds to two receptor molecules, and an essential second messenger mediated by correct formation of the receptor-receptor interface has been proposed. The absence of receptor cross-reactivity for hPRL is linked to key sequence changes in hPRL which could disrupt hPRL-somatogenic receptor binding at the second site. A number of previous experiments have relied on the assumption that bioactivity is mediated by homologous residues at topologically equivalent positions. According to the model, this does not appear to be strictly true at either binding site. Good correlation at equivalent positions may be restricted to residues that are important for maintaining binding site shape as well as providing complementary stabilizing interactions between the hormone and receptor. Experiments are proposed to test our hypotheses. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPlasma Hormones and Metabolites in Cattle in Relation to Breed (Belgian Blue Vs Holstein) and Conformation (Double-Muscled Vs Dual-Purpose Type)
Clinquart, Antoine ULg; Van Eenaeme, Christian ULg; Mayombo, A. P. et al

in Veterinary Research Communications (1995), 19(3), 185-94

Four Belgian Blue double-muscled type (BBDM) bulls, four Belgian Blue dual-purpose type (BBDP) bulls and four Holstein bulls were used in a fattening trial in order to relate differences in the extent of ... [more ▼]

Four Belgian Blue double-muscled type (BBDM) bulls, four Belgian Blue dual-purpose type (BBDP) bulls and four Holstein bulls were used in a fattening trial in order to relate differences in the extent of muscle development and adiposity to differences in digestibility, endocrine status, protein and lipid metabolism. The larger muscle development in BBDM animals was associated with a trend to higher nitrogen retention, higher food conversion efficiency (p < 0.05) and lower apparent digestibility (p < 0.05). No difference was found between the groups for plasma glucose concentration. Higher creatinine, lower alpha-amino nitrogen, lower triglycerides and higher non-esterified fatty acid plasma levels were observed in BBDM as compared to Holstein bulls (p < 0.05), the BBDP group being intermediate. A trend to a higher cholesterol plasma level was found in BBDM animals. There was no difference between the three groups in plasma fatty acid composition, except for the C14:0 content. Some of the differences in plasma metabolites were related to carcass composition and endocrine regulation, a decrease in muscle development and an increase in adiposity being associated with lower growth hormone production (p < 0.05) and higher insulin (p < 0.05) and IGF secretions. The insulin/growth hormone ratio at the end of the fattening period was 0.0011, 0.0018 and 0.0069 in BBDM, BBDP and Holstein bulls, respectively, and was directly associated with fat deposition. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detail3-Benzamido-4H-pyrido[4,3-e]-1,2,4-thiadiazine 1,1-dioxide
Dupont, L.; De Tullio, Pascal ULg; Pirotte, Bernard ULg et al

in Acta Crystallographica (1995), C51

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPlace de l'érythropoiétine recombinante en période périopératoire
Janssens, Marc ULg; Lamy, Maurice ULg

in Annales Françaises d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation (1995), 14(Suppl 1), 98-106

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailneuroendocrinology in the perinatal period
Battisti, Oreste ULg

in mini acta of belgian society of pediatrics (1995), 27

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detail3-Methyl-4H-pyrido[2,3-e]-1,2,4-thiadiazine 1,1-dioxide
Dupont, L.; Pirotte, Bernard ULg; De Tullio, Pascal ULg et al

in Acta Crystallographica (1995), C51

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailViability of cloned bovine embryos after one or two cycles of nuclear transfer and in vitro culture
Ectors, Fabien ULg; Delval, Alain; Smith, Lawrence et al

in Theriogenology (1995), 44

We described an exclusively in vitro procedure for cloning and recloning bovine embryos. Embryos obtained by IVM/IVF/IVC developed to the morula stage were used as blastomere donors in cunjunction with ... [more ▼]

We described an exclusively in vitro procedure for cloning and recloning bovine embryos. Embryos obtained by IVM/IVF/IVC developed to the morula stage were used as blastomere donors in cunjunction with IVM recipient oocytes. Reconstructed embryos were developed in vitro in co-culture using bovine oviductal epithelial cells. The resulting morulae were used as donors for recloning under the same experimental conditions. No significant difference was observed between cloning and recloning in terms of development (rates of blastocysts: 12.9 versus 14.9%), in the number of nuclei per blastocyst (63.8 versus 49.1), or in pregnancy rates (35.7 versus 33.3%). The high variability observed between replicates and the correlation between results in first and second cycle nuclear transfer may suggest an inherant potential of individual donor embryos to support development by cloning [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNouveaux activateurs des canaux potassiques: conception, pharmacologie et perspectives thérapeutiques
Pirotte, Bernard ULg; Fontaine, J.; Lebrun, P.

in Journal de Pharmacie de Belgique (1995), 50

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailP300 in posttraumatic stress disorder.
Charles, G.; Hansenne, Michel ULg; Ansseau, Marc ULg et al

in Neuropsychobiology (1995), 32(2), 72-4

In the present study, P300 has been recorded in 26 subjects (15 women) 1 month after an aggression without organic complications. Among our sample, 16 subjects fulfilled DSM-III-R criteria for ... [more ▼]

In the present study, P300 has been recorded in 26 subjects (15 women) 1 month after an aggression without organic complications. Among our sample, 16 subjects fulfilled DSM-III-R criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 10 did not. P300 amplitude was significantly lower in the 16 PTSD subjects as compared to the 10 subjects without PTSD. This study supports information processing disturbances in PTSD. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (6 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detail11-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-5H-pyrido[4,3-b][1,5]benzodiazepine
Dupont, L.; Liégeois, Jean-François ULg; Rogister, F. et al

in Acta Crystallographica Section C-Crystal Structure Communications (1995), C51

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLack of LTR and ENV genetic variation during bovine leukemia virus-induced leukemogenesis.
Willems, Luc ULg; Kerkhofs, P.; Burny, A. et al

in Virology (1995), 206(1),

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailOn the charge transfer pathway in the Merocyanine 540 triplet state quenching by nitroxyl radical
Hoebeke, Maryse ULg; Van de Vorst, A.

in Photochemistry & Photobiology (1995), 61

Detailed reference viewed: 1 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFinite-amplitude regimes of the short-wave Marangoni-Benard convective instability.
Colinet, Pierre; Legros, Jean-Claude; Kamotani, Y. et al

in Physical Review. E : Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics (1995), 52(3), 2603-2616

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)
See detailIn vivo responsiveness of morphological variants of growth hormone-producing pituitary adenomas to octreotide
Ezzat, S.; Kontogeorgos, G.; Redelmeier, D. A. et al

in European Journal of Endocrinology (1995), 133

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInverse Modulation of Intraepithelial Langerhans' Cells and Stromal Macrophage/Dendrocyte Populations in Human Papillomavirus-Associated Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix
Al-Saleh, Walid; Delvenne, Philippe ULg; Arrese Estrada, Jorge ULg et al

in Virchows Archiv : An International Journal of Pathology (1995), 427(1), 41-8

Ninety-four cervical biopsies from normal tissue to high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (SILs) were examined for the presence of intraepithelial Langerhans' cells and subpopulations of stromal ... [more ▼]

Ninety-four cervical biopsies from normal tissue to high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (SILs) were examined for the presence of intraepithelial Langerhans' cells and subpopulations of stromal macrophages/dendrocytes by immunohistochemistry using anti-S100, -L1, -CD68 and -factor XIIIa antibodies. Human papillomavirus (HPV) detection was performed in all cases by using first a mixture of DNA probes for 14 HPV types commonly found in anogenital biopsies at low stringency conditions (Tm -40 degrees C) and by reanalyzing the tissues at high stringency (Tm -10 degrees C) with HPV 6/11, 16/18 and 31/33/35 biotinylated probe cocktails and individual digoxigenin-labelled probes. SILs and metaplastic tissues were significantly associated with a depletion of S100-positive intraepithelial Langerhans' cells when compared with normal epithelium. In contrast, there was a significant increase in L1-positive stromal macrophages in SIL biopsies compared with normal or metaplastic cervix. A significantly higher density of CD68-positive macrophages was also observed in high-grade SILs compared with normal or metaplastic biopsies and with low-grade SILs. The density of factor XIIIa-positive dendrocytes was found to be higher in SILs compared with metaplastic tissues and in high-grade SILs when compared with normal cervical biopsies. No specific relationship was found between the densities of these cells and the HPV type detected in SILs separated into low grade and high grade. The significance of this inverse modulation of intraepithelial Langerhans' cells and stromal macrophages/dendrocytes in normal and SIL biopsies is discussed in relation to HPV infection and malignant transformation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvaluation patrimoniale des droits à la pension en Belgique
Bouillot, L.; Perelman, Sergio ULg

in Revue Belge de Sécurité Sociale (1995)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMise au point d’une classification automatique des cartes synoptiques d’altitude et application à l’étude des incendies de forêts
Mabille, Georges; Geron, Jean-Marc; Funcken, Philippe et al

in Publication Association Internationale de Climatologie (1995), 8

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (15 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPulmonary Ventilation, Mechanics, Gas Exchange and Haemodynamics in Calves Following Intratracheal Inoculation of Pasteurella Haemolytica
Linden, Annick ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg et al

in Zentralblatt für Veterinarmedizin. Reihe A (1995), 42(8), 531-544

A Pasteurella haemolytica A1 broth was injected intratracheally in eight calves and measurements of pulmonary function values (PFV) were made once before and hourly post inoculation (p.i.). Changes in ... [more ▼]

A Pasteurella haemolytica A1 broth was injected intratracheally in eight calves and measurements of pulmonary function values (PFV) were made once before and hourly post inoculation (p.i.). Changes in PFVs, included increased respiratory rate and minute ventilation (up to 158% of baseline 2 h p.i.) and decreased tidal volume and lung dynamic compliance (up to 33% of baseline 3 h p.i.). Total pulmonary resistance was not affected. At and after 3 h p.i. there was a progressive impairement of gas exchange, as judged from arterial O2 tension which decreased up to 65% of baseline. In contrast, arterial CO2 tension was not affected. Pulmonary hypertension was observed during the 3 last h of the study and was attributable to an increased pulmonary vascular resistance. Severe neutropenia was observed at 3 h p.i. and post-mortem histological findings were consistent with an acute fibrinohemorragic bronchopneumonia. In conclusion, P. haemolytica airway challenge unequiovocally resulted in acute pneumonia, providing a reproducible pathophysiological model for investigations regarding new therapeutic strategies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (3 ULg)
See detailLa naissance de l'écriture au Proche-Orient
Tunca, Önhan ULg

in Le génie de l'Homme. Des origines à l'écriture (1995)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOn the presence of a day-of-the-week effect in the foreign exchange market
Corhay, Albert ULg; Fatemi, Ali M; Tourani-Rad, Alireza

in Managerial Finance (1995), 21(8), 32-43

The purpose of this paper is to study the presence of the day-of-the-week effect in the foreign exchange market using an extensive data set of six exchange rates and employing two alternative types of ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper is to study the presence of the day-of-the-week effect in the foreign exchange market using an extensive data set of six exchange rates and employing two alternative types of distributional assumptions and also distribution-free tests. Our findings support the hypotheses of higher Wednesday returns prior to October 1, 1981, for the British pound, the Canadian dollar, the Deutsch mark, the French franc, the Swiss franc and the Japanese yen. Pursuant to the change in the settlement procedures which took effect October 1, 1981, the differential Wednesday returns disappear. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFunctional analysis of the Antirrhinum floral homeotic DEFICIENS gene in vivo and in vitro by using a temperature-sensitive mutant.
Zachgo, S.; Silva, E de A; Motte, Patrick ULg et al

in Development (1995), 121(9), 2861-75

Flowers of the temperature-sensitive DEFICIENS (DEF) mutant, def-101, display sepaloid petals and carpelloid stamens when grown at 26 degrees C, the non-permissive temperature. In contrast, when ... [more ▼]

Flowers of the temperature-sensitive DEFICIENS (DEF) mutant, def-101, display sepaloid petals and carpelloid stamens when grown at 26 degrees C, the non-permissive temperature. In contrast, when cultivated under permissive conditions at 15 degrees C, the morphology of def-101 flowers resembles that of the wild type. Temperature shift experiments during early and late phases of flower development revealed that second and third whorl organ development is differentially sensitive to changes in DEF expression. In addition, early DEF expression seems to control the spatially correct initiation of fourth whorl organ development. Reduction of the def-101 gene dosage differentially affects organogenesis in adjacent whorls: at the lower temperature development of petals in the second whorl and initiation of carpels in the centre of the flower is not affected while third whorl organogenesis follows the mutant (carpelloid) pattern. The possible contribution of accessory factors to organ-specific DEF functions is discussed. In situ analyses of mRNA and protein expression patterns during def-101 flower development at 15 degrees C and at 26 degrees C support previously proposed combinatorial regulatory interactions between the MADS-box proteins DEF and GLOBOSA (GLO), and provide evidence that the autoregulatory control of DEF and GLO expression by the DEF/GLO heterodimer starts after initiation of all organ primordia. Immunolocalisation revealed that both proteins are located in the nucleus. Interestingly, higher growth temperature affects the stability of both the DEF-101 and GLO proteins in vivo. In vitro DNA binding studies suggest that the temperature sensitivity of the def-101 mutant is due to an altered heterodimerisation/DNA-binding capability of the DEF-101 protein, conditioned by the deletion of one amino acid within the K-box, a protein region thought to be involved in protein-protein interaction. In addition, we introduce a mutant allele of GLO, glo-confusa, where insertion of one amino acid impairs the hydrophobic carboxy-terminal region of the MADS-box, but which confers no strong phenotypic changes to the flower. The strong mutant phenotype of flowers of def-101/glo-conf double mutants when grown in the cold represents genetic evidence for heterodimerisation between DEF and GLO in vivo. The potential to dissect structural and functional domains of MADS-box transcription factors is discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes aliments industriels chez le chien: caractéristiques et utilisation dans différents états physiologiques
Diez, Marianne ULg; Istasse, Louis ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1995), 139(5), 309-316

Commercial dog food is more and more frequently used as sole diet. The present review characterizes the different types of commercial diets. Principles of bioenergetic allow the calculation of energy ... [more ▼]

Commercial dog food is more and more frequently used as sole diet. The present review characterizes the different types of commercial diets. Principles of bioenergetic allow the calculation of energy density using a prediction equation. Energy requirements are also calculated. Practical use of industrial dog food are illustrated for growing pups, dogs at maintenance or in reproduction. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCarte des sols de Belgique et SIG : un traitement préalable visant à la concordance géométrique
Lejeune, Philippe ULg

in Bulletin des Recherches Agronomiques de Gembloux (1995), 30(4), 339-351

Almost half (40 %) of the sheets of the Belgian Soil Map (scale 1/20,000) has been produced on a topographical background showing geometrical differences, sometimes important, with the basic topographic ... [more ▼]

Almost half (40 %) of the sheets of the Belgian Soil Map (scale 1/20,000) has been produced on a topographical background showing geometrical differences, sometimes important, with the basic topographic background produced at present by the National Institute of Geography. Twenty percent of control points georeferenced on a test sheet show differences higher than 80 meters between the two reference systems. A simple method is proposed to match up inaccurate sheets of the soil map with the basic topographic background and to reduce these differences. It is based on control points evenly distributed on the sheet to be corrected and georeferenced in the two systems. A translation is applied to the poiints digitised on the soil map, corresponding to a weighed mean of the differences observed on the nearest control points, the weighing factor being computed on the basis of distances between control points and the element to be corrected. This procedure is integrated in a program running on a PC in Arc/Info environment. The entire correction process (identification of control points, preparation of files, program execution) takes less than three hours per sheet. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 139 (12 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe determinisme genetique de la differenciation sexuelle humaine.
Ectors, Fabien ULg

in Revue Médicale de Bruxelles (1995), 16(6), 404-10

The genetic mechanism controlling sexual differentiation had remained unknown for a long time. Karyotype analysis of sex-inverted patients or individuals with ambiguous sexual differentiation has enabled ... [more ▼]

The genetic mechanism controlling sexual differentiation had remained unknown for a long time. Karyotype analysis of sex-inverted patients or individuals with ambiguous sexual differentiation has enabled the localization and identification of genes involved. It is currently known that the SRY gene is responsible for the initiation of a cascade reaction leading to male differentiation of the primitive gonad. SRY is a +/- 820 base pairs gene located on the small arm of the Y chromosome, more precisely within the 1A1 alpha sub-segment. Although a few other genes are known to be involved in the downstream regulation of SRY, their precise mode of action is yet unknown. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSimulation of Square Cup Deep Drawing with Different Finite Elements
Kaiping, Li; Habraken, Anne ULg; Bruneel, H.

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (1995), 50(1-4), 81-91

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (5 ULg)
See detailHet is nooit goed. Marginalia bij De pasvorm van de goede smaak van Marc Reynebeau
Spinoy, Erik ULg

in Yang : Tijdschrift voor Literatuur en Kommunikatie (1995), 31(3-4), 111-121

This article criticizes the illusions of normative literary criticism, which hopes to determine 'once and for all' the true and objective value of literature.

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFamilial trends of obesity through three generations: the Belgian-Luxembourg child study.
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Lapidus, L.; Beckers, F. et al

in International Journal of Obesity (1995), 19 Suppl 3

Province de Luxembourg in Belgium is an area with clustering of obesity as well as other risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. In this study, obesity was ... [more ▼]

Province de Luxembourg in Belgium is an area with clustering of obesity as well as other risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. In this study, obesity was studied in a total of 1028 boys and girls in age-strata 6-8, 8-10, 10-12 years, selected at random from school classes. Participation rate was about 70%. Non-participants did not differ from participants in comparisons of school records of height and weight. Furthermore, information on birth weight, parents' height and weight was collected, as well as reported problems of obesity in grandparents. The results show a high prevalence of pronounced obesity in these children. BMIs were strongly correlated between the children and both parents. Furthermore, grandparents' obesity problems were related to the BMI of parents, and also to obesity indices in the children. Birth weights were related to current BMI of the children (in girls only for the youngest age-group), and to their mothers' BMI. It was concluded that obesity is prevalent in this area and can be traced through three generations, and seems to be discoverable already at birth. Energy intake is high and physical activity level is low in these children. However, statistical analyses suggest that familial factors exert a greater impact than environmental factors on the BMI of the children. These results, as well as the wide-spread, consistent familial clustering of obesity, traceable already at birth, suggest influence of strong genetic traits for obesity in this population. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNumerical simulation of a full scale fire test on a loaded steel framework
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Cooke, C. M. E.; Latham, D. J.

in Journal of Constructional Steel Research (1995), 35

A single bay single storey steel portal frame has been tested under fire conditions. It is here simulated using hte non linear computer code CEFICOSS. The elements have composite steel-concrete sections ... [more ▼]

A single bay single storey steel portal frame has been tested under fire conditions. It is here simulated using hte non linear computer code CEFICOSS. The elements have composite steel-concrete sections for the thermal analysis, but only the steel part of the sections is load bearing. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 ULg)
See detailCeci est mon corps. Een inleiding
Spinoy, Erik ULg

in Yang : Tijdschrift voor Literatuur en Kommunikatie (1995), 31(5), 4-10

This is an introduction to a special issue on the body in art and literature.

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe continuum of cytokine involvement in the physiology of reproduction
Geenen, Vincent ULg; Hazee, Marie-Thérèse ULg; Goxe, Béatrice et al

in GENESIS (1995), 14

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (6 ULg)
See detailTémoignages de la spiritualité néolithique au Proche-Orient
Tunca, Önhan ULg

in Le génie de l'Homme. Des origines à l'écriture (1995)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailGerminal Center T Cells: Analysis of Their Proliferative Capacity
Bouzahzah, F.; Bosseloir, A.; Heinen, Ernst ULg et al

in Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (1995), 378

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa gestion en temps réel des opérations relatives à l’exploitation du trafic fluvial
Marchal, Jean ULg; Hage, André ULg; Rodriguez, S.

in Bulletin de l'Association Technique Maritime et Aéronautique (1995)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailKozani-Grevena Earthquake and the Active tectonics of Northern Greece
Meyer, B.; Armijo, R.; Hubert, Aurelia ULg et al

Scientific journal (1995)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPyoverdine-mediated uptake of iron in Pseudomonas putida BTP1 : involvement of a 100 KD IROMP.
Delfosse, Ph; Ongena, Marc ULg; Jacques, Ph et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie, de Biochimie et de Biophysique (1995), 103(B39),

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGalectin-3, a Laminin Binding Protein, Fails to Modulate Adhesion of Human Melanoma Cells to Laminin
van den Brule, F. A.; Buicu, C.; Sobel, M. E. et al

in Neoplasma (1995), 42(5), 215-9

Galectin-3 is a laminin binding protein which expression is altered in a variety of human carcinomas including colon, breast and endometrium. In these tumors, we consistently observed a down regulation of ... [more ▼]

Galectin-3 is a laminin binding protein which expression is altered in a variety of human carcinomas including colon, breast and endometrium. In these tumors, we consistently observed a down regulation of galectin-3 expression related to increased aggressiveness. Galectin-3 belongs to a family of galactose-binding lectins and binds laminin through its numerous poly-N-acetyllactosamine chains. To date, the exact role of galectin-3 in the complex interactions between cancer cells and laminin has not been clearly defined. Adhesion of melanoma cells to laminin is a critical event during tumor invasion and metastasis. In this study, we explore the possibility that galectin-3 could modulate attachment of two human melanoma cell lines to laminin. A2058 and A375 melanoma cell expressed galectin-3 on their surface as demonstrated by immunofluorescence, and attached to laminin in an in vitro assay. We demonstrate that neither recombinant galectin-3 nor an affinity purified antigalectin-3 antiserum altered adhesion of A2058 or A375 melanoma cells to laminin. Our data strongly suggest that galectin-3 is not a key element in adhesion of the melanoma cells to laminin. These results are not surprising in light of the observation that galectin-3 expression is down regulated in cancer and that increased adhesion to laminin is a constant feature of invasive cancer cells. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCancers épithéliaux de l'ovaire. Acquisitions récentes
van den Brule, F. A.; Lambotte, René ULg; Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg

in Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction (1995), 24(3), 241-52

Ovarian carcinomas constitute the major cause of the mortality and morbidity in gynaecology. Most ovary carcinomas are epithelial tumours. Our understanding of ovarian cancerogenesis has been hampered by ... [more ▼]

Ovarian carcinomas constitute the major cause of the mortality and morbidity in gynaecology. Most ovary carcinomas are epithelial tumours. Our understanding of ovarian cancerogenesis has been hampered by the lack of a well defined precursor lesion, the lack of knowledge about tumour progression, and by the relative inaccessibility of the ovaries in the abdominal cavity. Recent studies using experimental models allow us to better define the fundamental mechanisms of carcinogenesis from the serous ovarian cells and of invasion of the abdominopelvic cavity by proximity. This review article tries to update on epidemiology, genetic syndromes, biology, screening, and therapy of these epithelial tumours, and about the new directions taken by basic and clinical research. We will present data concerning oncogenes and tumour suppressor genes involved in epithelial ovarian tumours, regulation of tumour cells by growth factors, genes involved in tumour invasion, and mechanisms used by the cancer cell to resist to therapies. Non-epithelial ovarian tumours will not be examined in this manuscript. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSpecific bovine brucellosis diagnosis based on in vitro antigen-specific gamma interferon production.
Weynants, V.; Godfroid, J.; Limbourg, B. et al

in Journal of Clinical Microbiology (1995), 33(3), 706-12

In order to improve the specificity of the diagnosis of bovine brucellosis, we developed a test which can be regarded as an in vitro correlate of the delayed-type hypersensitivity test (DTH). A mixture of ... [more ▼]

In order to improve the specificity of the diagnosis of bovine brucellosis, we developed a test which can be regarded as an in vitro correlate of the delayed-type hypersensitivity test (DTH). A mixture of cytoplasmic proteins from Brucella melitensis B115 was used as a specific antigenic stimulus in bovine whole blood culture. Supernatants harvested at 18 to 24 h after the in vitro antigenic stimulus were assayed for their gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) content by using a commercial sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. The IFN-gamma assay was evaluated with 10 heifers during the course (80 days) of an experimental infection and with 14 cows from an ongoing brucellosis outbreak. All of these animals were slaughtered, and pertinent organs were subjected to classical bacteriological analyses. In addition, we analyzed 23 field cases in which false-positive serological reactions occurred. The IFN-gamma results were compared with those of the standard DTH and a battery of serological assays, and they were correlated with bacteriological data. Both for the experimental infection and for the field brucellosis outbreak, the IFN-gamma assay detected infection in more animals than any combination of the serological tests, and it detected infection earlier than these tests. Finally, none of the samples from cows showing false-positive serological reactions was classified as positive by the IFN-gamma assay, attesting to its specificity and to its usefulness in interpreting ambiguous serological results. A rapid and convenient alternative to the DTH, the IFN-gamma assay appears to be an ideal method that is complementary to the serological diagnosis protocols. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA PARAMETRIC ANALYSIS FOR THE DAFALIAS-KALIAKIN BOUNDING SURFACE VISCOPLASTIC MODEL-BASED ON THE DIFLUPRESS LD TEST
LEIDWANGER-RABIS, Cathy; CHAMBON, René; CATEL, P. et al

in Computers & Geotechnics (1995), 17(4), 473-505

In order to predict delayed settlements of heavy structures, the authors decided to use the elasto-viscoplastic model of Dafalias-Kaliakin. To identify the parameters of the constitutive equations, they ... [more ▼]

In order to predict delayed settlements of heavy structures, the authors decided to use the elasto-viscoplastic model of Dafalias-Kaliakin. To identify the parameters of the constitutive equations, they use above all the data of a new in-situ test, the Diflupress L.D. designed to approach the creep behavior of soil. In a first section, the principle of the model is presented. Then, the important parameters of the model are identified, mostly from in-situ test data since the laboratory tests data are not numerous and reliable. Finally, a study of sensitivity on the parameters which influence the viscoplastic response of the model is made. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailProductivité et efficacité dans l'assurance
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Risques - Les Cahiers de l'assurance (1995), 22(Avril-juin 1995), 65-71

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (6 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailComment j'explore... Une anemie (1e partie).
Beguin, Yves ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1995), 50(10), 443-4

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (11 ULg)
See detailDe Karmelietenkerk in Gent, Dendrochronologische analyse van de dakconstructie boven tweede beuk
Hoffsummer, Patrick ULg; Houbrechts, David

in Stadsarcheologie (1995), 18(2),

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe méthotrexate en rhumatologie: une révolution thérapeutique
Kaye, O.; Ribbens, Clio ULg; Hauwaert, Christian ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1995), 50(11), 453-457

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCharacteristics of the pulsatile liberation of LH in Italian Simmental cows from the dry period to early lactation
Prandi, Alberto; Motta, Mario; Rossi, A. et al

in Bulletin des Recherches Agronomiques de Gembloux (1995), 30

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe pancreatic islet factor STF-1 binds cooperatively with Pbx to a regulatory element in the somatostatin promoter: importance of the FPWMK motif and of the homeodomain.
Peers, Bernard ULg; Sharma, S.; Johnson, T. et al

in Molecular & Cellular Biology (1995), 15(12), 7091-7

A number of homeodomain proteins have been shown to regulate cellular development by stimulating the transcription of specific target genes. In contrast to their distinct activities in vivo, however, most ... [more ▼]

A number of homeodomain proteins have been shown to regulate cellular development by stimulating the transcription of specific target genes. In contrast to their distinct activities in vivo, however, most homeodomain proteins bind indiscriminately to potential target sites in vitro, suggesting the involvement of cofactors which specify target site selection. One such cofactor, termed extradenticle, has been shown to influence segmental morphogenesis in Drosophila melanogaster by binding cooperatively with certain homeodomain proteins to target regulatory elements. Here we demonstrate that STF-1, an orphan homeodomain protein required for pancreatic development in mammals, binds cooperatively to DNA with Pbx, the mammalian homolog of extradenticle. Cooperative binding with Pbx requires a pentapeptide motif (FPWMK) which is well conserved among a large subset of homeodomain proteins. The FPMWK motif is not sufficient to confer Pbx cooperativity on other homeodomain proteins, however; the N-terminal arm of the STF-1 homeodomain is also essential. As cooperative binding with Pbx occurs on only a subset of potential STF-1 target sites, our results suggest that Pbx may specify target gene selection in the developing pancreas by forming heterodimeric complexes with STF-1. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLaparoscopic Intrauterine Insemination in the Bitch
Silva, L. D.; Onclin, K.; Snaps, Frédéric ULg et al

in Theriogenology (1995), 43(3), 615-23

A technique for laparoscopic intrauterine insemination in bitches is described. During natural estrus, 5 beagle bitches were inseminated and S others were naturally mated (control group) twice at a 48-h ... [more ▼]

A technique for laparoscopic intrauterine insemination in bitches is described. During natural estrus, 5 beagle bitches were inseminated and S others were naturally mated (control group) twice at a 48-h interval on Days 3 and S (n = 4) or Days 4 and 6 (n = 6) after the increase in plasma progesterone considered to be indicative of the day of the preovulatory LH peak. All the inseminations were with fresh semen and under general anesthesia. The technique involved the introductions of 1) a Verres needle to insufflate the abdominal cavity by direct punction on the middle line 1 cm over the umbilicus, 2) a laparoscope to visualize the abdominal cavity by a 1 cm puncture on the middle line 1 cm under the umbilicus, 3) a forceps used to manipulate the uterus by a 0.5 cm puncture at 2 to 3 cm lateral to the mammary glands, and 4) an 18-g catheter used to puncture the uterus on the middle line between the 3rd and 5th mammary gland. The uterine body was grasped by the forceps and elevated against the ventral abdominal wall. The 18-g catheter was then inserted through the abdominal wall directly into the uterine lumen, and 1.0 ml of fresh semen containing 250 to 480 x 10(6) spermatozoa/ml was injected. The inseminations resulted in pregnancies in all animals. Litter size was similar in the artificially inseminated and naturally mated bitches (5 +/- 1.8 and 4.8 +/- 1.6 pups per litter, respectively). Bitches in the artificially inseminated group delivered at 65.2 +/- 0.8 d and in the natural mated group at 65.4 +/- 0.5 d after the LH peak. In conclusion, this paper gives the first results of intrauterine laparoscopic insemination in bitches, indicating interesting perspectives for this technique in dog's reproduction. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBiology and clinical uses of erythropoietin in infants and children
Beguin, Yves ULg

in International Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology (1995), 2

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Propos de la Physique du Ruissellement sur Bassin Versant
Pirotton, Michel ULg

in Tribune de l'Eau (La) (1995), 48(573), 3-10

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailNF kappa B and interferon regulatory factor 1 physically interact and synergistically induce major histocompatibility class I gene expression.
Drew, P. D.; Franzoso, G.; Becker, K. G. et al

in Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research (1995), 15(12), 1037-45

Major histocompatibility (MHC) class I gene expression is synergistically induced by the cytokines TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma. However, the mechanism that results in synergistic activation of these genes has ... [more ▼]

Major histocompatibility (MHC) class I gene expression is synergistically induced by the cytokines TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma. However, the mechanism that results in synergistic activation of these genes has remained unclear. We demonstrated here that TNF-alpha induced binding of NF kappa B p50 and p65 to the NF kappa B-like element of the MHC class I promoter termed region I and IFN-gamma induced binding of IRF-1 to the adjacent interferon consensus sequence (ICS). We further demonstrated that NF kappa B and IRF-1 physically interacted with each other and cooperatively induced MHC class I gene expression when cotransfected into CHP-126 neuroblastomas. These results provide a molecular mechanism by which TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma synergistically induce the expression of a variety of genes involved in immune responses, including MHC class I. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThiamine Deficiency in Cultured Neuroblastoma Cells: Effect on Mitochondrial Function and Peripheral Benzodiazepine Receptors
Bettendorff, Lucien ULg; Goessens, Guy ULg; Sluse, Francis ULg et al

in Journal of Neurochemistry (1995), 64(5), 2013-2021

When neuroblastoma cells were transferred to a medium of low (6 nM) thiamine concentration, a 16-fold decrease in total intracellular thiamine content occurred within 8 days. Respiration and ATP levels ... [more ▼]

When neuroblastoma cells were transferred to a medium of low (6 nM) thiamine concentration, a 16-fold decrease in total intracellular thiamine content occurred within 8 days. Respiration and ATP levels were only slightly affected, but addition of a thiamine transport inhibitor (amprolium) decreased ATP content and increased lactate production. Oxygen consumption became low and insensitive to oligomycin and uncouplers. At least 25% of mitochondria were swollen and electron translucent. Cell mortality increased to 75% within 5 days. [3H]PK 11195, a specific ligand of peripheral benzodiazepine receptors (located in the outer mitochondrial membrane) binds to the cells with high affinity (KD = 1.4 +/- 0.2 nM). Thiamine deficiency leads to an increase in both Bmax and KD. Changes in binding parameters for peripheral benzodiazepine receptors may be related to structural or permeability changes in mitochondrial outer membranes. In addition to the high-affinity (nanomolar range) binding site for peripheral benzodiazepine ligands, there is a low-affinity (micromolar range) saturable binding for PK 11195. At micromolar concentrations, peripheral benzodiazepines inhibit thiamine uptake by the cells. Altogether, our results suggest that impairment of oxidative metabolism, followed by mitochondrial swelling and disorganization of cristae, is the main cause of cell mortality in severely thiamine-deficient neuroblastoma cells. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (13 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAssessment of equine diaphragm strength and activation using transvenous phrenic nerve stimulation
Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Linden, Annick ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (1995), 18

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDENSITY-POLARIZATION FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF THE RESPONSE OF A PERIODIC INSULATING SOLID TO AN ELECTRIC-FIELD
GONZE, X.; Ghosez, Philippe ULg; GODBY, R. W.

in Physical Review Letters (1995), 74(20), 4035-4038

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailExperimental production of hypocalcemia by EDTA infusion in calves : a critical appraisal assessed from the profile of blood chemicals and enzymes
Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Linden, Annick ULg; Godeau, J. M. et al

in Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. A : Comparative Physiology (1995), 110A(2), 115-130

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMeasurement of glucosinolates in rapeseeds.
Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg; Marlier, M.; Severin, M. et al

in Natural toxins (1995), 3(4),

Several ring tests have been organized by the International Organisotion for Standardization (lSO) and the Measurement ônd Testing Programme (BCR) for improving glucosinolote methods Finally, HPLC of ... [more ▼]

Several ring tests have been organized by the International Organisotion for Standardization (lSO) and the Measurement ônd Testing Programme (BCR) for improving glucosinolote methods Finally, HPLC of desulphoglucosinolates is recommended by lSO, the European Committee for Standardizotion (CEN), and the European Commission (EC) as the official method. X-ray fluorescence has also become particularly common for fast analysis. After checking stability of intact glucosinolates in whole rapeseeds, the BCR has three reference materials (CRM 366, CRM 190, CRM 367) avai able, certified for their total glucosinolate and sulphur contents. Currently, the Measurement and Testing Programme is supporting a research project concerning the stdbility of desulphoglucosinolates and intact glucosinolates extracts. At the present time, best results were observed with lyophilized extracts sealed in brown glass ampoules and stored at 18'C. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 ULg)
See detailCharles Grandgagnage (Liège 1812-Liège 1878)
Boutier, Marie-Guy ULg

in Wallonnes : Chronique de la Société de Langue et de Littérature Wallonnes (1995), (4), 4

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTEM1 beta-lactamase structure solved by molecular replacement and refined structure of the S235A mutant.
Fonze, E.; Charlier, Paulette ULg; To'th, Y. et al

in Acta Crystallographica Section D-Biological Crystallography (1995), 51(Pt 5), 682-94

beta-Lactamases are bacterial enzymes which catalyse the hydrolysis of the beta-lactam ring of penicillins, cephalosporins and related compounds, thus inactivating these antibiotics. The crystal structure ... [more ▼]

beta-Lactamases are bacterial enzymes which catalyse the hydrolysis of the beta-lactam ring of penicillins, cephalosporins and related compounds, thus inactivating these antibiotics. The crystal structure of the TEM1 beta-lactamase has been determined at 1.9 A resolution by the molecular-replacement method, using the atomic coordinates of two homologous beta-lactamase refined structures which show about 36% strict identity in their amino-acid sequences and 1.96 A r.m.s. deviation between equivalent Calpha atoms. The TEM1 enzyme crystallizes in space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) and there is one molecule per asymmetric unit. The structure was refined by simulated annealing to an R-factor of 15.6% for 15 086 reflections with I >/= 2sigma(I) in the resolution range 5.0-1.9 A. The final crystallographic structure contains 263 amino-acid residues, one sulfate anion in the catalytic cleft and 135 water molecules per asymmetric unit. The folding is very similar to that of the other known class A beta-lactamases. It consists of two domains, the first is formed by a five-stranded beta-sheet covered by three alpha-helices on one face and one alpha-helix on the other, the second domain contains mainly alpha-helices. The catalytic cleft is located at the interface between the two domains. We also report the crystallographic study of the TEM S235A mutant. This mutation of an active-site residue specifically decreases the acylation rate of cephalosporins. This TEM S235A mutant crystallizes under the same conditions as the wild-type protein and its structure was refined at 2.0 A resolution with an R value of 17.6%. The major modification is the appearance of a water molecule near the mutated residue, which is incompatible with the OG 235 present in the wild-type enzyme, and causes very small perturbations in the interaction network in the active site. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAmylin/islet amyloid polypeptide: biochemistry, physiology, patho-physiology.
Castillo, M. J.; Scheen, André ULg; Lefebvre, Pierre ULg

in Diabète & Métabolisme (1995), 21(1), 3-25

Amylin is a 37 amino-acid peptide mainly produced by the islet beta-cell. Aggregation of amylin is partly responsible for amyloid formation. Amyloid deposits occur both extracellularly and intracellularly ... [more ▼]

Amylin is a 37 amino-acid peptide mainly produced by the islet beta-cell. Aggregation of amylin is partly responsible for amyloid formation. Amyloid deposits occur both extracellularly and intracellularly and may contribute to beta-cell degeneration. Amylin is packed in beta-cell granules and cosecreted with insulin in response to the same stimuli but, unlike other beta-cell products, it is produced from specific a gene on chromosome 12. Basal, plasma amylin concentrations are around 5 pM, and increase fourfold after meals or glucose. Higher levels are found in cases of insulin resistance, obesity, gestational diabetes and in some patients with NIDDM. Low or absent levels are found in insulin-dependent diabetic patients. There are similarities between amylin and non beta-cell peptides such as calcitonin gene related peptides (CGRP). They may bind to the same receptor, determine similar post-receptor phenomena and qualitatively similar actions but with different degree of potency. The actions of amylin are multiple and mostly exerted in the regulation of fuel metabolism. In muscle, amylin opposes glycogen synthesis, activates glycogenolysis and glycolysis (increasing lactate production). Consequently, amylin increases lactate output by muscle and increases the plasma lactate concentration. In fasting conditions, this lactate may serve as a gluconeogenic substrate for the liver, contributing to replenish depleted glycogen stores and to increase glucose production. In non-fasting conditions, lactate can be transformed by liver in triglycerides. It is not clear at present whether amylin actions on the liver are direct or mediated by changes in circulating metabolites. A probably indirect effect of amylin in muscle is to decrease insulin- (or glucose)-induced glucose uptake, which may contribute to insulin resistance. Other actions include inhibition of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and, in general, actions mimicking CGRP effects. Some of these actions are seen at supraphysiological concentrations. The physiopathological consequences of amylin deficiency, or excess are under active by investigated. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe use of Sandimmun (cyclosporin A) in severe refractory rheumatoid arthritis: the Belgian experience
Malaise, Michel ULg; De Keyser, P.; De Backer, M. et al

in Clinical Rheumatology (1995), 14

OBJECTIVE: To investigate practicability, efficacy and tolerability of low starting doses of Sandimmun (cyclosporin A) (2.5 mg/kg daily) in patients with severe refractory rheumatoid arthritis in the ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate practicability, efficacy and tolerability of low starting doses of Sandimmun (cyclosporin A) (2.5 mg/kg daily) in patients with severe refractory rheumatoid arthritis in the short (6 months) and middle (12 months) term. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients, presenting with active and severe rheumatoid arthritis unresponding to conventional DMRADs were allowed to start Sandimmun at the dose of 2.5 mg/kg daily. This dose was progressively increased by steps of 25 mg daily up to a maximum of 5 mg/kg daily according to the renal function and blood pressure. RESULTS: A mean maintenance dose of 3.9 mg/kg daily was reached after 5 months and maintained throughout the study. Twenty-one patients (36%) completed the one year study. The reasons for discontinuation were: inefficacy (13), adverse events (17), both inefficacy and adverse events (5) and non-compliance (3). For those patients who completed the trial, clinical relevant improvements were observed within 3 months of treatment and were maintained until the end of the study for the Lee functional and the Ritchie articular index, as well as for the number of tender and swollen joints. No changes for the grip strength, the biological and immunological parameters were observed. Mean serum creatinine values rose from 0.81 mg/dl at start to 1.1 mg/dl after 5 months of therapy and remained at that level throughout the study. In patients who discontinued, the serum creatinine level nearly normalized after one month of Sandimmun withdrawal. One hundred and sixty-two side effects were reported of which most were minor and known to occur with Sandimmun. Twenty-two cases (37% of patients) dropped out for adverse events before 1 year treatment. The criteria to withdraw the patients from the study differed greatly from centre to centre. CONCLUSIONS: Managing RA patients presenting with very long and severe disease remains difficult. Therefore low dose Sandimmun (2.5-5 mg/kg daily) appears to be a valuable therapeutic opportunity in RA patients refractory to various other conventional drugs, including methotrexate. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailTwo forms of lipase from Mucor miehei exhibit a different behavior at the air-water interface.
Blecker, Christophe ULg; Razafindralambo, Hary ULg; Paquot, Michel ULg et al

in Colloids and Surfaces B : Biointerfaces (1995), (3), 271-279

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOxidation of organic substrates with potassium ferrate (VI) in the presence of the K10 montmorillonite
Delaude, Lionel ULg; Laszlo, Pierre ULg; Lehance, Pascal

in Tetrahedron Letters (1995), 36(46), 8505-8508

Among various aluminosilicate supports, the K10 montmorillonite clay was the best catalyst for the oxidation of organic substrates with potassium ferrate (VI). Thus, a solid mixture of K2FeO4 and K10 has ... [more ▼]

Among various aluminosilicate supports, the K10 montmorillonite clay was the best catalyst for the oxidation of organic substrates with potassium ferrate (VI). Thus, a solid mixture of K2FeO4 and K10 has been used for the efficient oxidation of selected alcohols, benzylamine, thiophenol, and aniline in hydrocarbon solvents at room temperature. Somewhat humid clay performs best, and it is important to control the amount of water associated to the solid support. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailExogenous glucose oxidation during exercise in relation to the power output.
Pirnay, Freddy ULg; Scheen, André ULg; Gautier, J. F. et al

in International Journal of Sports Medicine (1995), 16(7), 456-60

In order to study the influence of the power output on the oxidation rate of exogenous glucose and on the contribution of the various substrates to the energy demand, we combined the use of artificially ... [more ▼]

In order to study the influence of the power output on the oxidation rate of exogenous glucose and on the contribution of the various substrates to the energy demand, we combined the use of artificially enriched 13C-glucose with classical indirect calorimetry during uphill treadmill exercise. Six young male healthy subjects underwent three exercise bouts, in a randomized order and at least two weeks apart, at a low (45% VO2max, 1822 +/- 194 ml O2/min for 4 hours), moderate (60% VO2max, 2582 +/- 226 ml O2/min for 3 hours), and high intensity (75% VO2max, 3036 +/- 287 ml O2/min for 2 hours). After 10 min of exercise, each subject ingested 100 g of artificially 13C-labelled glucose dissolved in 400 ml of water. Over the four hours of the exercise at 45% VO2max, the amount of exogenous glucose oxidized was 89.5 +/- 5.9 g from the 100 g ingested. In all exercise bouts, the oxidation of exogenous glucose already began during the first 30 min after ingestion and peaked at 120 min. The maximum oxidation rates averaged 0.64 +/- 0.07, 0.75 +/- 0.04, and 0.63 +/- 0.08 g/min, and the mean amounts of exogenous glucose oxidized over the first two hours averaged 51.7 +/- 8.0, 61.5 +/- 6.6 and 50.9 +/- 8.45 g, at 45, 60 and 75% VO2max respectively. The contribution of the oxidation of exogenous glucose to the total energy supply progressively decreased when the power output increased, from 19.6 to 12.2%. In the meantime, the contribution of total carbohydrates (exogenous+endogenous) progressively increased from 55.1 to 77.8% while the contribution of lipids decreased from 35.5 to 16.6%. In conclusion, exogenous glucose ingested during exercise is largely oxidized and strongly contributes to the energy supply. The oxidation rate first increases with the power output, but levels off or even decreases at high intensity exercise. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExégèse de Paul. D. 39,3 (de aqua et aquae pluviae arcendae), 2,6
Gerkens, Jean-François ULg

in Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis (1995), 63(1995/1), 11-26

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailNucleic acid compartmentalization within the cell nucleus by in situ transferase-immunogold techniques.
Thiry, Marc ULg

in Microscopy Research and Technique (1995), 31(1), 4-21

In the present review, we report on recent results obtained by in situ transferase-immunogold techniques as to the ultrastructural distribution of DNA and RNA within the cell nucleus. Special emphasis is ... [more ▼]

In the present review, we report on recent results obtained by in situ transferase-immunogold techniques as to the ultrastructural distribution of DNA and RNA within the cell nucleus. Special emphasis is placed on the various nucleolar components and the various enigmatic structures of the extranucleolar region: interchromatin granules, coiled bodies, and simple nuclear bodies. These data are discussed in the light of our current understanding of the functional organization of the cell nucleus. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'axe sol-plante-animal dans les tétanies d'herbe
Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg; Istasse, Louis ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1995), 139

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (11 ULg)