References of "Scientific journals"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Peer Reviewed
See detailDissociations between the processing of proper and common names
Brédart, Serge ULg; Brennen, T.; Valentine, T.

in Cognitive Neuropsychology (1997), 14(2), 209-217

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPharma-clinics. Le medicament du mois. Le Legalon (silymarine).
Luyckx, Françoise ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(12), 792-6

Detailed reference viewed: 187 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparative cytokine production by in vitro stimulated mononucleated cells from cord blood and adult blood.
Sautois, Brieuc ULg; Fillet, Georges ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg

in Experimental hematology (1997), 25(2), 103-8

Cord blood transplantations successfully reconstituted hemopoiesis in patients treated with myeloablative therapies. These transplantations were associated with a low rate of acute graft-versus-host ... [more ▼]

Cord blood transplantations successfully reconstituted hemopoiesis in patients treated with myeloablative therapies. These transplantations were associated with a low rate of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), a major life-threatening complication of allo-transplantation. The physiopathology of aGVHD implies the recognition of host alloantigens by donor T cells but also involves a cytokine cascade. In this cascade, interleukin (IL)-1, IL-2, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) produced by donor T cells and monocytes/macrophages play a major effector role. Therefore, we investigated whether the lower percentage of aGVHD in cord blood transplants could be related to a lower ability to produce these cytokines in vitro compared with adult blood. Mononucleated cells (MNCs) isolated from term cord blood and adult peripheral blood were stimulated with a combination of lipopolysaccharide and phytohemaglutinin and incubated for 96 hours. Levels of IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-3, IL-4, IL-6, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) were measured in the supernatants after various times of incubation. The productions of IL-1beta, IL-6, and GM-CSF were similar in stimulated cord and adult blood and IL-3 levels, though lower and delayed in cord blood, were not statistically different. On the other hand, we found markedly lower levels of IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, and IL-4 in cord blood throughout the incubation period. The stimulated levels of IL-2 were similar in cord and adult samples throughout the first 48 hours of incubation but became significantly lower in cord blood after 72 and 96 hours. We suggest that the cytokine production pattern that characterizes cord blood could provide an explanation for the lower occurence of aGVHD following cord blood transplants. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailRésultats à une enquête internationale en mathématiques
Monseur, Christian ULg

in Mathématiques & pédagogie (1997), 114

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe 118-135 Peptide Lot The Human Prion Protein Forms Amyloid Fibrils And Induces Liposome Fusion
Pillot, T.; Lins, Laurence ULg; Goethals, M. et al

in Journal of Molecular Biology (1997), 274(3), 381-93

The prion protein (PrPC) is a glycoprotein of unknown function normally found at the surface of neurons and of glial cells. It is involved in diseases such as bovine spongiform encephalopathy, and ... [more ▼]

The prion protein (PrPC) is a glycoprotein of unknown function normally found at the surface of neurons and of glial cells. It is involved in diseases such as bovine spongiform encephalopathy, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in the human, where PrPC is converted into an altered form (termed PrPSc). PrPSc is highly resistant towards proteolytic degradation and accumulates in the central nervous system of affected individuals. By analogy with the pathological events occuring during the development of Alzheimer's disease, controverses still exist regarding the relationship between amyloidogenesis, prion aggregation and neuronal loss. To unravel the mechanism of PrP neurotoxicity and understand the interaction of PrP with cellular membranes, a series of natural and variant peptides spanning residues 118 to 135 of PrP was synthesized. The potential of these peptides to induce fusion of unilamellar lipid vesicles was investigated. According to computer modeling calculations, the 120 to 133 domain of PrP is predicted to be a tilted lipid-associating peptide, and to insert in a oblique way into a lipid bilayer through its N-terminal end. In addition to amyloidogenic properties exhibited in vitro by these peptides, peptide-induced vesicle fusion was demonstrated by several techniques, including lipid- and core-mixing assays. Elongation of the 120 to 133 peptide towards the N- and C-terminal ends of the PrP sequence showed that the 118 to 135 PrP peptide has maximal fusogenic properties, while the variant peptides had no effect. Due to their high hydrophobicity, all peptides tested were able to interact with liposomes to induce leakage of encapsulated calcein. We demonstrate also that the propensity of the peptides to fold as an alpha-helix increases their fusogenic activity, thus accounting for the maximal fusogenic activity of the most stable helix at residues 118 to 135. These data suggest that, by analogy with the C-terminal domain of the beta-amyloid peptide, the fusogenic properties exhibited by the prion peptides might contribute to the neurotoxicity of these peptides by destabilizing cellular membranes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of n-3 fatty acids in Eurasian perch broodstock diet on egg fatty acid composition and larva stress resistance.
Abi-Ayad, Amine; Mélard, Charles ULg; Kestemont, Patrick

in Aquaculture International (1997), 5

Detailed reference viewed: 88 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMechanisms of cancer-related anemia and rationale for erythropoietin treatment
Beguin, Yves ULg

in Cancer Biotherapy (1997), 1

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPeptides in membranes: tipping the balance of membrane stability.
Brasseur, Robert ULg; Pillot, T.; Lins, Laurence ULg et al

in Trends in biochemical sciences (1997), 22(5), 167-71

This review describes a class of peptides that associate with lipids in membranes and are commonly known as 'oblique-orientated peptides'. Owing to an asymmetric distribution of hydrophobic residues along ... [more ▼]

This review describes a class of peptides that associate with lipids in membranes and are commonly known as 'oblique-orientated peptides'. Owing to an asymmetric distribution of hydrophobic residues along the axis of the alpha-helix, such peptides can destabilize membranes or lipid cores, thereby facilitating such cellular processes as vesicular fusion or protein transport across subcellular compartments, as well as remodelling of lipid cores. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailTransplantation combinée du foie et du coeur chez un patient souffrant de thalassémie majeure
Detry, Olivier ULg; Defechereux, Thierry ULg; Honore, Pierre ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(8), 532-4

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (8 ULg)
Full Text
See detailMotivation des jeunes à la pratique des activités physiques et sportives
Ledent, Maryse; Cloes, Marc ULg; Onofre, C. Jordan et al

in Sport (1997), 159/160

Nombreux sont ceux qui attribuent une importance capitale aux motivations à la participation des jeunes au sport. En effet, les modalités de pratique et la qualité des expériences vécues dans le domaine ... [more ▼]

Nombreux sont ceux qui attribuent une importance capitale aux motivations à la participation des jeunes au sport. En effet, les modalités de pratique et la qualité des expériences vécues dans le domaine des activités physiques et sportives exerceraient de profonds effets dans la perspective d'un style de vie actif et sain à l'âge adulte. Cette croyance, bien établie chez les éducateurs physiques et les partisans du sport, doit néanmoins être prise avec beaucoup de prudence lorsque l'on considère les résultats des études longitudinales. ... [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 635 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailBulletin bibliographique de la Société Rencesvals, 1996-1997
Horrent, Jacques ULg; Henrard, Nadine ULg

in Bulletin bibliographique de la Société Rencesvals (1997), (28), 189

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailUltrastructural nucleolar alterations induced by an ametantrone/polyr(A-U) complex.
Thiry, Marc ULg; Jamison, J. M.; Gilloteaux, J. et al

in Experimental Cell Research (1997), 236(1), 275-84

In the present study we examined the ultrastructural modifications as well as the precise distribution of DNA and RNA in RT4 cell nucleoli following a 3-h exposure to nontoxic or toxic doses of ... [more ▼]

In the present study we examined the ultrastructural modifications as well as the precise distribution of DNA and RNA in RT4 cell nucleoli following a 3-h exposure to nontoxic or toxic doses of ametantrone (AMT), poly(adenylate-uridylate) (polyr(A-U), or an AMT/polyr(A-U) combination. While distribution of nucleic acids within the various nucleolar components is not modified following all treatments, the nucleoli exhibit several ultrastructural changes: redistribution of the nucleolar components, decrease in the number of fibrillar centers, and increase in the size of the fibrillar centers. The relative frequencies of the test agents to induce the apparition of nucleoli of compact type are AMT/polyr(A-U) > AMT approximately polyr(A-U) > sham-treated, while the abilities of the test agents to induce the nucleolar segregation are AMT/polyr(A-U) approximately AMT > polyr(A-U) > sham-treated cells. These ultrastructural changes are characteristics of drugs that intercalate into DNA and inhibit rDNA transcription as well as rRNA processing and release of nascent preribosomes from the nucleolus. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailAspects of the Upper Palaeolithic in Central Europe
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg; López Bayón, Ignacio

in Préhistoire Européenne (1997), 11

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNumerical simulation of a quantum particle in a box
Hermann, Raphaël ULg

in Journal of Physics : A Mathematical & General (1997), 30(11), 3967-3975

It is shown how one can get numerical prediction of quantum mechanical particle behaviour without using the Schrodinger equation. The main steps of this development are the non-differentiability ... [more ▼]

It is shown how one can get numerical prediction of quantum mechanical particle behaviour without using the Schrodinger equation. The main steps of this development are the non-differentiability hypothesis, the equations of motion entailed by this hypothesis, and the numerical formulation of a simple one-dimensional problem: the particle in a box. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIn vitro modulation of keratinocyte attachment to dentin by minocycline
Van Heusden, Alain ULg; Rompen, Eric ULg; Lapière, Charles

in Journal of Dental Research (1997), 76

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRoom temperature fluorescence spectra of protochlorophyllide and chlorophyllide forms in etiolated bean leaves
Boddi, B.; Franck, Fabrice ULg

in Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B : Biology (1997), 41(1-2), 73-82

Room-temperature fluorescence emission and excitation spectra of 3-day or 10-day old dark-grown bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv Commodore) leaves were measured. The excitation light was defocused in such ... [more ▼]

Room-temperature fluorescence emission and excitation spectra of 3-day or 10-day old dark-grown bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv Commodore) leaves were measured. The excitation light was defocused in such way that only a low rate of phototransformation took place and protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) forms could be detected. The spectra were resolved into gaussian components using a new method based on the comparison of the 4th derivative of the experimental spectrum and that of the calculated spectrum, i.e. the sum of the gaussians. In addition to Pchlide emission bands with maxima at 631, 644, 655 and 667 nm which correspond to those described earlier in 77 K spectra, two new and unusally narrow bands were found at 637 and 650 nm. Tn the Chlide region, emission bands were found at 676, 682, 686 and 695 nm. Changes in the relative amplitudes of the Pchlide and Chlide room temperature emission bands as a function of age, of excitation wavelength and in response to a short light flash were studied. A model is given in which dynamic interconversions of the pigment forms are suggested and the presence of the new forms is explained with the differences in the aggregational states of the pigments and with their interaction with NADPH or NADP(+). (C) 1997 Elsevier Science S.A. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Civility of Relationships: Charles Tomlinson and the Conversion of American Modernism
Delville, Michel ULg

in Symbiosis: A Journal of Anglo-American Literary Relations (1997)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa contestation des pierres. Des œuvres écrites d'Olivier Smolders
Badir, Sémir ULg

in Textyles : Revue des Lettres Belges de Langue Française (1997), 14

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa lamotrigine (Lamictal).
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(11), 738-40

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMutations in the immunosuppressive peptide of bovine leukema virus affect fusion and infectivity in vivo
GATOT, Jean-Stéphane ULg; Kettmann, Richard ULg; Callebaut-Mornon, Isabelle et al

in Virus Research (1997), 47(2-Special Issue), 103

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailReflections on risk and resilience in adolescence
Born, Michel ULg; Jackson, Sandy; Jacob, Marie-Noël

in Journal of adolescence (1997), 20

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAge model estimation in paleoclimatic research : fuzzy regression and radiocarbon uncertainties
Boreux, Jean-Jacques ULg; Pesti, G.; Duckstein, L. et al

in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (1997), 128(1), 29-37

A fuzzy linear regression-based method to relate the depth and age of sediment layers is described. Because algae, moss or local plants respond to climatic change, the age and depth of sediment layers are ... [more ▼]

A fuzzy linear regression-based method to relate the depth and age of sediment layers is described. Because algae, moss or local plants respond to climatic change, the age and depth of sediment layers are interrelated variables but the link between them is often imprecise. In most cases, due to the limited number of layers in a core (i.e., small number of data points), estimation of the slope and uncertainties in classical regression analysis does not take into account the uncertainties in radiocarbon dating. Here, fuzzy linear regression, which may be applied even to a very small data set, is utilized. The method, illustrated through a practical example, with eight data points, appears to be a promising tool in stratigraphic studies to link sediment age to layer depth and takes into account uncertainties from radiocarbon dating. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMéthodes chromatographiques de dosage dans les milieux biologiques : stratégie de validation - Rapport d'une commission SFSTP
Chapuzet, E.; Mercier, N.; Bervoas-Martin, S. et al

in STP Pharma Pratiques (1997), 7(3), 169-194

Detailed reference viewed: 227 (14 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPratique et importance des principales activités de loisirs chez des jeunes de 12 et 15 ans dans cinq pays européens
Cloes, Marc ULg; Ledent, Maryse; Didier, Pascale et al

in Sport (1997), 159/160

On admet généralement que les loisirs sont devenus une expression du style de vie dans les pays industrialisés. Dans ce contexte, la place qu'ils occupent dans le secteur social et dans le monde ... [more ▼]

On admet généralement que les loisirs sont devenus une expression du style de vie dans les pays industrialisés. Dans ce contexte, la place qu'ils occupent dans le secteur social et dans le monde économique semble croître régulièrement. Les comparaisons interculturelles des activités de loisirs s'avèrent très difficiles en raison des différences enregistrées dans la conception des instruments utilisés dans les enquêtes et dans les intérêts des équipes de recherche. ... [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 766 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSur la pratique de la localisation implicite dans le Dictionnaire de l'Ouest-wallon d'Arille Carlier
Boutier, Marie-Guy ULg

in Travaux de linguistique et de philologie (1997), 35-36

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (16 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRecognition of the latency-associated immediate early protein IE63 of varicella-zoster virus by human memory T-lymphocytes
Sadzot-Delvaux, Catherine ULg; Kinchington, Paul R.; Debrus, Serge et al

in Journal of Immunology (1997), 159(6), 2802-2806

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is a human alpha herpesvirus that establishes latency in sensory ganglia. Latency is characterized by the abundant expression of the immediate early protein 63 (IE63), whereas ... [more ▼]

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is a human alpha herpesvirus that establishes latency in sensory ganglia. Latency is characterized by the abundant expression of the immediate early protein 63 (IE63), whereas other viral proteins have not yet been detected during the quiescent phase of VZV infection. The IE63 protein is a component of the virion and is expressed very early in the infectious cycle. The IE63 protein is also expressed in skin during episodes of varicella and herpes zoster. We have evaluated the cell-mediated immune response against IE63 in naturally immune adults with a history of chickenpox, by T lymphoproliferation and cytotoxicity assays. Among donors who had T cell proliferation to unfractionated VZV Ags from infected cell extract, 59% had T cell recognition of purified IE63. The CTL response to IE63 was equivalent to CTL recognition of IE62, the major tegument component of VZV whose immunogenicity has been previously described. IgG Abs against IE63 were detected in serum from healthy immune adults. These results indicate that IE63 is an important target of immunity to VZV. T cell recognition of IE63 is likely to be involved in controlling VZV reactivation from latency. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSchool Geography Textbooks in Francophone Belgium
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in International Research in Geographical & Environmental Education (1997), 6(1), 86-88

Review on the situation of geographical textbooks in Belgium since the French education reform in 1969

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailComment j'explore ... le syndrome d'insulinoresistance grace a ses marqueurs biologiques.
Luyckx, Françoise ULg; Scheen, André ULg; Gielen, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(10), 686-91

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'hypoglycemie du patient diabetique. Recommendations of ALFEDIAM (French Language Association for the Study of Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases.
Grimaldi, A.; Slama, G.; Tubiana-Rufi, N. et al

in Diabètes & Métabolism (1997), 23(1), 100-8

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailZur Wortgeographie der Rheinlande. Über ein dialektologisches Projekt EDV-gestützter Wortkartenanalyse
Lausberg, Helmut; Möller, Robert ULg

in Berichte zur Deutschen Landeskunde (1997), 71

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa nature de l'acte juridique attesté par l'O. Mich. III 1098
Straus, Jean ULg

in Chronique d'Egypte : Bulletin Périodique de la Fondation Egyptologique Reine Elisabeth (1997), LXXII(143), 128-129

O. Mich. III 1098 attests the delivery of a slave as a surety of a loan.

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (5 ULg)
See detailF. Furet : Le communisme. L'histoire d'une illusion
Melard, François ULg

in Recherches sociologiques (1997), 2

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAutour de Benjamin et Arendt
Delruelle, Edouard ULg

in Revue belge de Cinéma (1997), 41

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOptimisation et application de la RAPD (random amplified polymorphic DNA) dans un programme de selection recurrente chez le cotonnier (Gossypium spp.).
Vroh Bi, I.; Du Jardin, Patrick ULg; Mergeai, Guy ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (1997), 1(2),

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
See detailFrançois Stockmans
Delmer, A; Fairon-Demaret, M; Streel, Maurice ULg

in Annales Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique. Notices (1997), 97

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes téléports en Europe: état actuel et perspectives offertes par les "call centers"
Jacob, Damien ULg

in Revue Géographique de l'Est (1997), 37(4), 273-284

De manière à répondre à l'accroissement de l'offre et de la demande en télécommunications d'entreprises constaté ces dernières années, trois grandes catégories de téléports proposant des services à coûts ... [more ▼]

De manière à répondre à l'accroissement de l'offre et de la demande en télécommunications d'entreprises constaté ces dernières années, trois grandes catégories de téléports proposant des services à coûts partagés et les téléports " hub ", concentrant les flux de communication en un point central. Les téléports ciblent des entreprises exigeant un haut niveau de services en télécommunications, par exemple les centres d'appels téléphoniques. Cette activité, en pleine expansion en Europe, recherche une main-d'œuvre multilingue pouvant assurer par téléphone des services d'information, de conseil, de vente et d'après-vente. Les téléports peuvent donc devenir des outils attractifs pour attirer ce créneau particulièrement porteur en création d'emplois, même si ces derniers sont pour une bonne part une transformation d'anciennes tâches et paraissent potentiellement faciles à délocaliser vers des pays à faible coût du travail. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOn the use of HF as a reference for the comparison of stratospheric observations and models
Chipperfield, M. P.; Burton, M.; Bell, W. et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research (1997), 102(11D), 12901-12919

Hydrogen fluoride (HF) is often used as a simple reference for other column observations of chemically active stratospheric species. However, seasonal and shorter timescale variations in column HF make ... [more ▼]

Hydrogen fluoride (HF) is often used as a simple reference for other column observations of chemically active stratospheric species. However, seasonal and shorter timescale variations in column HF make its use as a reference more complicated. In this paper we characterize the expected magnitude of these variations in HF, and variations of ratio quantities involving HF, using a two-dimensional (2-D) photochemical model and two versions of a three-dimensional (3-D) transport model. The 2-D model predicts that the column ratios HNO3/HF and HCl/HF increase from midlatitudes to the tropics, although this is very sensitive to HCl and HNO3 abundances in the tropical upper troposphere. Seasonal variations in vertical motion modifys the predicted ratios; for example, wintertime descent at high latitudes decreases HCl/HF. The ratio HNO3/HF at high latitudes is strongly modified by seasonal variations in the chemical partitioning of the odd nitrogen (NOy) species. We compare these model predictions with ground-based Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) observations of HF along with HCl, ClONO2 and HNO3 obtained at eight northern hemisphere sites between October 1994 and July 1995. We investigate quantitatively how HF can be used as a tracer to follow the evolution of observations at a single station and to intercompare results from different stations or with photochemical models. The magnitude of the 3-D model HF column agrees well with the observations, except on some occasions at high latitudes, giving indirect support for the important role of COF2 in the stratospheric inorganic fluorine budget. The observed day-to-day variability in the column ratios HCl/HF and HNO3/HF is much larger at high latitudes. This variability is reproduced in the 3-D models and is due to horizontal motion. Short timescale vertical displacement of the species profiles is estimated to have a small effect on the column ratios. In particular, we analyze the usefulness of the observed column ratio (ClONO2 + HCl)/HF as an indicator for chlorine activation. Current measurement uncertainties limit the degree of activation which can be unambiguously detected using this observed quantity, but we can determine that chlorine-activated air was observed above Aberdeen (58 degrees N) on 6 days in late January 1995. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailESRA guidelines for the use of epidural opioids
Aguilar, J. L.; Benhamou, D.; Bonnet, F. et al

in International Monitor on Regional Anaesthesia (1997), 9

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAirborne dust and aeroallergen concentrations in different sources of feed and bedding for horses
Vandenput, Sandrina ULg; Istasse, Louis ULg; Nicks, Baudouin ULg et al

in Veterinary Quarterly (The) (1997), 19(4), 154-158

Standardized methods were used to make quantitative and qualitative assessments of respirable dust and aeroallergens in feed and bedding for horses. Concentrations of airborne dust were measured by using ... [more ▼]

Standardized methods were used to make quantitative and qualitative assessments of respirable dust and aeroallergens in feed and bedding for horses. Concentrations of airborne dust were measured by using a Rion particle counter, and levels of major aeroallergens implicated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were measured by using an Andersen sampler. Laboratory conditions allowed comparison of the different sources of forage, supplements, and bedding without external influences such as ventilation, external temperature and horse activity affecting the result. Grass silages of approximately 50% dry matter and alfalfa pellets appeared to be very good sources of forage with low levels of dust and aeroallergens. The studied good quality straw was significantly less dusty with fewer allergens than the wood shavings. Supplements, such as whole grains and molassed concentrates, contained many respirable particles and aeroallergens. Rolled grains were significantly more dusty than good hay. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (13 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailBovine herpesvirus type 4. In Lymphotropicherpesviruses: Epstein-Barr virus and Human herpesvirus 8
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Lomonte, P.; Vanderplasschen, Alain ULg et al

in International Agency for research on cancer (1997)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUsefulness of 18fdg Positron Emission Tomography in Detection and Follow-up of Digestive Cancers
Paulus, P.; Hustinx, Roland ULg; Daenen, Frédéric ULg et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (1997), 60(4, Oct-Dec), 278-80

PET is a diagnostic method that creates high resolution, 3 dimensional tomographic images of the distribution of positron emitting radionuclides in the human body. Recent technological developments allow ... [more ▼]

PET is a diagnostic method that creates high resolution, 3 dimensional tomographic images of the distribution of positron emitting radionuclides in the human body. Recent technological developments allow the use of whole-body PET devices in clinical oncology. 18FDG is a glucose analog transported and competitively used with glucose reflecting the increased glucose metabolism into malignant cells. Differential diagnosis between chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer is already a well-documented indication. For initial staging of gastro-esophageal and colorectal tumours, results are preliminary but the clinical impact seems to be rather limited. At present, the major indication of FDG-PET is the detection and staging of colorectal cancer recurrences. FDG-PET allows the differentiation between scared tissue and tumour when structural imaging is often confusing. In the same time, the whole-body imaging capability provides unique information that can modify loco-regional and liver staging. Overall, FDG-PET affects the clinical management of 30 to 40% of these patients. Quantitative assessment of therapeutic response to chemotherapy regimen appears to be one of the most promising applications of FDG-PET. Since the most effective therapy of colorectal cancer are often surgical, the role of chemotherapy in colorectal cancer remains limited to adjuvant therapy and in advanced disease. However, FDG-PET could be of great value in assessing the response of oesophageal carcinomas to chemo-radio therapy, before surgery. In our experience, FDG-PET appears to be the first line diagnostic method in the detection and staging of colorectal recurrence and differential diagnosis of pancreatic tumour versus chronic pancreatitis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailClinical PET in oncology
Rigo, P.; Paulus, P.; Bury, Thierry ULg et al

in Radioactive Isotopes in Clinical Medicine Research XXII (1997)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailRadiative Lifetimes for the 4p Excited States of Phosphorus and the Oscillator Strengths of Solar Lines
Berzinsh, U.; Svanberg, S.; Biémont, Emile ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1997), 326

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (1 ULg)
See detailLe visage de l'Autre ou la conscience du regard
Mélon, Marc-Emmanuel ULg

in Revue belge du cinéma (1997), 41

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLe sondage de Focant: lithostratigraphie et implications structurales
Boulvain, Frédéric ULg; Coen-Aubert, M.

in Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Belgium (1997), 43

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailElectrospray Mass Spectrometry Study of Selective Complexes of Polyammonium Macrotricyclic Ligands with Dicarboxylic Acids
Collette, Caroline ULg; Meunier, Cécile; De Pauw, Edwin ULg et al

in Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry : RCM (1997), 11

Macrocyclic and macropolycyclic polyammonium host molecules have been shown to complex a variety of inorganic and organic anions strongly and selectively. The selectivity of the complexation depends on ... [more ▼]

Macrocyclic and macropolycyclic polyammonium host molecules have been shown to complex a variety of inorganic and organic anions strongly and selectively. The selectivity of the complexation depends on the substrate lenght and on the size of the host cavity of the macrocycle. We describe in this article the analysis of the complexation of dicarboxylic acid substrates by a macrotricyclic host using electrospray mass spectrometry. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCharacterization of Clostridium perfringens isolated from necrotic enteritis of fowls.
Das, B. C.; Dutta, G. N.; Daube, Georges ULg et al

in Indian Journal of Animal Sciences (The) (1997), 67

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSurveillance of foodborne illnesses in Belgium.
Daube, Georges ULg; Van Look, F.

in Archives of Public Health (1997), 55

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (6 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa prééclampsie est la conséquence d'un déficit de placentation: de la biologie aux considérations cliniques
Maquoi, Erik ULg; Schaaps, Jean-Pierre ULg; Jacobs, J. L. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(7), 478-84

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDilatometric and calorimetric study of the graphitisation of high chromium cast iron
Terziev, L.; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Bojinov, V. et al

in Journal de Chimie Physique et de Physico-Chimie Biologique (1997), 94[5]

Cette étude est consacrée à la formation du graphite dans des fontes à haute teneur en chrome (8%) et spécialement à la détermination des conditions de formation de graphite secondaire par des traitements ... [more ▼]

Cette étude est consacrée à la formation du graphite dans des fontes à haute teneur en chrome (8%) et spécialement à la détermination des conditions de formation de graphite secondaire par des traitements thermiques adaptés. La solidification de la fonte étudiée a été examinée par analyse thermique différentielle (ATD). Les effets d'un traitement à haute température ont été examinés à la fois par calorimétrie et dilatomètre différentielle. Le graphite primaire se forme vers 950°C. Le graphite secondaire précipite sur le graphite primaire lors du traitement de déstabilisation de l'austénite à haute température. La forme et la quantité de graphite secondaire dépendent de la température de traitement. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailVaux-et-Borset : campagne de fouilles 1995
Caspar, Jean-Paul; Delye, Emmanuel ULg; Bit, Richard et al

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (1997), 4-5

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAerogel compression theoretical analysis
Pirard, René ULg; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg

in Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids (1997), 212(2-3), 262-267

Several authors have empirically shown that, in aerogels, a power law exists between the mechanical moduli and the bulk density. An exponent value can be determined from mercury porosimetry curves. The ... [more ▼]

Several authors have empirically shown that, in aerogels, a power law exists between the mechanical moduli and the bulk density. An exponent value can be determined from mercury porosimetry curves. The shrinkage of aerogels under mercury pressure follows a buckling mechanism which links the pore size to the exerted pressure. The present study relates the exponent to the pore volume distribution which can be described by a hierarchical model valid in a large range of pore size, so a physical meaning is given to the exponent. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEtude clinique et anatomopathologique de l'infection expérimentale de lapins par une souche virale amyxomateuse isolée en Belgique
Marlier, Didier ULg; Coignoul, Freddy ULg; Boucraut-Baralon, Corine et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1997), 141

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIsolation, identification and serotyping of Clostridium perfringens from goats.
Phukan, A.; Dutta, G. N.; Daube, Georges ULg et al

in Indian Journal of Animal Sciences (The) (1997), 67

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailOncogenic potential of Tax requires phosphorylation on serines 106 et 293.
Willems, Luc ULg; Grimonpont, Catherine; Kerkhofs, Pierre et al

in Virus Research (1997), 47(2 -Special Issue), 121-122

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffect of activators and inhibitors of K+-channels on insulin secretion in the amphibian pancreas
Francini, F.; Pirotte, Bernard ULg; Gagliardino, J. J.

in Archives of Physiology & Biochemistry (1997), 105

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailJungermannia paroica (Schiffn.) Grolle in the Vosges, new to France
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Sotiaux, André ULg

in Journal of Bryology (1997), 19

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailmorbidity in neonates afetr labour induction or cesarean section
Battisti, Oreste ULg; Bertrand, J. M.; Adant-François, A. et al

in vlaamse verenigong voor obstetrie en gynaecologie jaarboek (1997), 1

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe contrôle des juridictions de fond sur la désignation par procureur général du magistrat compétent en application de l'article 155, alinéa 2, du Code judiciaire
Michiels, Olivier ULg

in Journal des Tribunaux (1997)

La note publiée sous un arrêt prononcé par la Cour de cassation le 8 octobre 1996 fait le point sur le contrôle par les juridictions de fond sur la désignation par procureur général du magistrat compétent ... [more ▼]

La note publiée sous un arrêt prononcé par la Cour de cassation le 8 octobre 1996 fait le point sur le contrôle par les juridictions de fond sur la désignation par procureur général du magistrat compétent en application de l'article 155, alinéa 2, du Code judiciaire pour exercer les poursuites devant les juridictions répressives dans les hypothèses de concours entre des infractions de droit commun et de droit pénal social. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMethodology for optimization of operation to reduce site-scale energy use in production plants
Heyen, Georges ULg; Kalitventzeff, Boris ULg

in Applied Thermal Engineering (1997), 17(8-10), 1005-1014

A methodology was developed to improve energy usage in the process industries by optimizing plant operation. The first step was to build fine tuned site-scale models of energy intensive production plants ... [more ▼]

A methodology was developed to improve energy usage in the process industries by optimizing plant operation. The first step was to build fine tuned site-scale models of energy intensive production plants and of combined heat and power utility distribution networks (heat, power, cooling), and later to optimize them using various numerical techniques. The methodology not only comprises these models, but also the selected optimization methods, their implementation in algorithms suited for the problems to be solved and the evaluation of the results in terms of their applicability ia real industrial problems. The detailed models were tuned on the basis of actual plant data. They were used to calculate accurate energy balances, and thus to identify sources of energy waste. Finally they allowed optimization of energy usage by adjusting operating conditions at a medium time scale (a few hours to a couple of days). Energy savings in the range 5%-10% could be obtained for energy intensive processes, where even a low percentage represents a considerable amount. (C) European Communities 1997. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailKlanknabootsingen in strips
Meesters, Gert ULg

in Nederlands van nu (1997), 45(3), 82-83

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNon délivrance et infécondité: intérêts de l’étiproston et du dosage de la PAGI (pregnancy-associated glycoprotein I) au cours du postpartum chez la vache.
Zaiem, I.; Tainturier, D.; Ben Othmen, H. et al

in Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire (1997), 148(8-9), 725-732

Sixty Prim'holstein cows with retained placenta for more than 24 hours after parturition, were shared in three groups of 20 cows each. All cows were delivred manually 24 to 36 hours post partum and ... [more ▼]

Sixty Prim'holstein cows with retained placenta for more than 24 hours after parturition, were shared in three groups of 20 cows each. All cows were delivred manually 24 to 36 hours post partum and received local treatment with 1 g of oxytetracyclin. Cows in group 1 received two intra-muscular injections of 5 mg etiproston on day of manual delivery (D1) and 15 days after (D15). Cows on group II received only one etiproston administration (D1), and cows in group III remained untreated. Ratios of delayed uterine involution were respectively 20, 40 and 55 % in groupsI,II and III(I<0.05;II<0.005). PAGI concentrations were checked 15 days after parturition and were significantly higher in cows affected by delayed uterine involution (p < 0.05). V-IAF intervals were significantly (p < 0.05) different between groups I (58 days), II (102 days) and III(143 days). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 336 (1 ULg)
See detailDuplication of a vertebral artery associated with epidermoid cyst of the posterior fossa.
Weis, J.; Reul, J.; Mayfrank, L. et al

in European radiology (1997), 7(3), 412-4

A case of a duplication of the left vertebral artery associated with a premedullary epidermoid cyst at the level of the foramen magnum is described. The close proximity of the two malformative lesions in ... [more ▼]

A case of a duplication of the left vertebral artery associated with a premedullary epidermoid cyst at the level of the foramen magnum is described. The close proximity of the two malformative lesions in the present case and the overlap of the periods when such developmental abnormalities can arise suggest that they might be causally linked. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe relationship between ovarian vascularity and the duration of stimulation in in-vitro fertilization.
Bassil, Salim; Wyns, Christine; Toussaint-Demylle, Dominique et al

in Human Reproduction (1997), 12(6), 1240-5

The role of transvaginal pulsed colour Doppler ultrasound in the assessment of ovarian vascularity was studied in 196 in-vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. The changes in ovarian blood flow after ... [more ▼]

The role of transvaginal pulsed colour Doppler ultrasound in the assessment of ovarian vascularity was studied in 196 in-vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. The changes in ovarian blood flow after gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) down-regulation and human menopausal gonadotrophin (HMG) stimulation were determined. The data obtained showed that the ovarian blood flow was significantly improved by oestradiol secretion (P = 0.05) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) administration (P = 0.003). Folliculogenesis was affected by blood flow supply. The resistance index (RI) value was significantly different (P = 0.05) according to the duration of ovarian stimulation. Patients with a mean RI value >0.56 had a longer stimulation with a significantly lower mean number of oocytes retrieved (P = 0.01) despite the administration of a standard dose of HMG. The RI value is a good indicator of modifications in ovarian vascularization during stimulation. Doppler blood flow measurement could be used to determine the optimal timing for the beginning of HMG administration in patients undergoing ovarian stimulation after down-regulation for IVF treatment. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailNote on the measurement of the thermal conductivity and the double peak structure in high-Tc superconductors
Bougrine, Hassan ULg; Pekala, M.

in Superconductor Science & Technology (1997), 10(8), 621-623

We show that low-temperature measurements of the thermal conductivity of high-T-c superconductors can sometimes reveal a double peak structure depending on the experimental set-up used.

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe rôle de l'expert
Boxho, Philippe ULg

in Société d'étude du dommage corporel (1997)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailVers une chirurgie mammaire supraconservatrice des lésions mammaires infracliniques?
LIFRANGE, Eric ULg; COLIN, Claude

in Gunaïkeia (1997), 2

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTumor collagenase stimulatory factor (TCSF) expression and localization in human lung and breast cancers.
Polette, M.; Gilles, Christine ULg; Marchand, V. et al

in Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry : Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society (1997), 45(5), 703-9

Tumor cell-derived collagenase stimulatory factor (TCSF) stimulates in vitro the biosynthesis of various matrix metalloproteinases involved in tumor invasion, such as interstitial collagenase, gelatinase ... [more ▼]

Tumor cell-derived collagenase stimulatory factor (TCSF) stimulates in vitro the biosynthesis of various matrix metalloproteinases involved in tumor invasion, such as interstitial collagenase, gelatinase A, and stromelysin 1. The expression of TCSF mRNAs was studied in vivo, using in situ hybridization and Northern blotting analysis, in seven normal tissues and in 22 squamous cell carcinomas of the lung, and in seven benign proliferations and in 22 ductal carcinomas of the mammary gland. By in situ hybridization, TCSF mRNAs were detected in 40 of 44 carcinomas, in pre-invasive and invasive cancer cells of both lung and breast cancers. TCSF mRNAs and gelatinase A mRNAs were both visualized in the same areas in serial sections in breast cancers, and were expressed by different cells, tumor cells, and fibroblasts. The histological results were confirmed by Northern blot analysis, which showed a higher expression of TCSF mRNAs in cancers than in benign and normal tissues. These observations support the hypothesis that TCSF is an important factor in lung and breast tumor progression. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDifférences entre les pathotypes et les sérogroupes des Escherichia coli vérotoxinogènes isolées de veaux sains et celles isolées de veaux souffrant de diarrhée
Pohl, P.; Cleenwerk, I.; Imberechts, H. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1997), 141

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailA two-dimensional Navier-Stokes inverse solver for compressor and turbine blade design
Demeulenaere, A.; Léonard, Olivier ULg; Van den Braembussche, René

in Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy (1997), 211(4), 299-307

A two-dimensional viscous inverse method for the design of compressor and turbine blades is presented. It iteratively modifies an initial geometry until a prescribed pressure distribution is reached on ... [more ▼]

A two-dimensional viscous inverse method for the design of compressor and turbine blades is presented. It iteratively modifies an initial geometry until a prescribed pressure distribution is reached on the blade surface. The method solves the time-dependent Navier-Stokes equations in a numerical domain of which some boundaries (the blade walls) move during the transient part of the computation. The geometry modification algorithm is based on the transpiration principle: a normal velocity distribution is computed from the difference between the actual and prescribed pressure distributions, and is used to modify the blade shape. A time iteration is then performed on this new blade shape, taking into account the grid movement during the time stepping. A two-dimensional upwind finite-volume Navier-Stokes solver has been developed. The multiblock strategy allows for a selective concentration of the discretization points in the zones of higher gradients. Applications to turbine and compressor blade design illustrate the accuracy of the flow computation, the capabilities and efficiency of the inverse method. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailElastic vector-meson production at HERA
Cudell, Jean-René ULg; Royen, I.

in Physics Letters B (1997), 397

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailTerm analysis and Hyperfine Structure in Neutral Vanadium
Palmeri, P.; Biémont, Emile ULg; Quinet, P. et al

in Physica Scripta (1997), 55

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailRelationships of k-casein - beta-lactoglobulin and alfa-lactalbumin polymorphisms with estimated breeding values for milk traits in Italian Friesian and Italian Simmental bulls.
Vrech, E.; Prandi, A.; Corradini, C. et al

in Zootecnica e Nutrizione Animale (1997), 23(3),

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes moyens de se prémunir contre la défaillance de ses cocontractants
Georges, Frédéric ULg

in Actualités du Droit (1997)

Cette contribution commentait l'impact de la réforme de 1997 du droit de l'insolvabilité sur les droits des créanciers

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailProgramme EsQUIsE. Acquisition et interprétation de croquis d'architecture
Leclercq, Pierre ULg

in La lettre de l'IA (1997), 123

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRheological characterization of BaTiO3 sol-gel transition
Brasseur, Alain; Michaux, Bernard; Pirard, René ULg et al

in Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology (1997), 9(1), 5-15

BaTiO3 gels were prepared by hydrolysis and polycondensation reactions between titanium isopropoxide and barium hydroxide in presence of methoxyethanol, methanol and water. The rheology of the sol-gel ... [more ▼]

BaTiO3 gels were prepared by hydrolysis and polycondensation reactions between titanium isopropoxide and barium hydroxide in presence of methoxyethanol, methanol and water. The rheology of the sol-gel transition was studied with a rheometer allowing low amplitude sinusoidal oscillations. Experimental data show a continuous increase in the complex viscosity along with time, showing the progressive character of the transition. The influence of synthesis operating variables was studied. The gelation time, which definition is based on viscoelastic measurements, increases exponentially when the water content is increased, when the dilution due to the methoxyethanol is reduced or when the temperature is lowered. Different growth models were used for the characterization of the particles in the solution. These models suggest that the polymerisation first produces spherical particles (mass fractals) and that these spherical particles then agglomerate to form a linear network. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDamping rates of hard momentum particles in a cold ultrarelativistic plasma
Vanderheyden, Benoît ULg; Ollitrault, J. Y.

in Physical Review. D : Particles and Fields (1997), 56(8), 5108-5122

We compute the damping rates of one-particle excitations in a cold ultrarelativistic plasma to leading order in the coupling constant e for three types of interaction: Yukawa coupling to a massless scalar ... [more ▼]

We compute the damping rates of one-particle excitations in a cold ultrarelativistic plasma to leading order in the coupling constant e for three types of interaction: Yukawa coupling to a massless scalar boson, QED, and QCD. Damping rates of charged particles in QED and QCD are of order e(3) mu, while the damping rates of other particles are of order e(4) mu or e(4) mu log(1/e). We find that the damping rate of an electron or of a quark is constant far from the Fermi surface, and decreases linearly with the excitation energy close to the Fermi surface. This unusual behavior is attributed to the long-range magnetic interactions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailTrajectoire déviante à la lisière entre adolescence et âge adulte
Gavray, Claire ULg

in Déviance et Société (1997), 21(3), 273-288

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPsychiatrie de liaison:regards sur une pratique de la psychologie médicale en hôpital général
Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULg

in Revue francaise de psychiatrie et de psychologie médicale (1997)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailParathyroid Hormone in the Treatment of Involutional Osteoporosis: Back to the Future
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Taquet, A. N.; Fraikin, G. et al

in Osteoporosis International (1997), 7(Suppl 3), 163-8

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Penicillin sensory transducer, blar, involved in the inducibility of beta-lactamase synthesis in bacillus licheniformis is embedded in the plasma membrane via a four-alpha-helix bundle
Hardt, Karin; Joris, Bernard ULg; Lepage, Sophie et al

in Molecular Microbiology (1997), 23(5), 935-944

Prediction studies, conformational analyses and membrane-topology mapping lead to the conclusion that the penicillin sensory transducer, BlaR, involved in the inducibility of beta-lactamase synthesis in ... [more ▼]

Prediction studies, conformational analyses and membrane-topology mapping lead to the conclusion that the penicillin sensory transducer, BlaR, involved in the inducibility of beta-lactamase synthesis in Bacillus licheniformis, is embedded in the plasma membrane bilayer via four transmembrane segments TM1-TM4 that forma four-alpha-helix bundle. The extracellular 262-amino-acid-residue polypeptide, S340-R601, that is fused at the carboxy end of TM4, possesses the amino acid sequence signature of a penicilloyl serine transferase. It probably functions as penicillin sensor. As an independent entity, this polypeptide behaves as a high-affinity penicillin-binding protein. As a component of the full-size BlaR, it adopts a different conformation presumably because of interactions with the extracellular 63-amino-acid-residue P53-S115 loop that connects TM2 and TM3. Reception of the penicillin-induced signal requires a precise conformation of the sensor but it does not involve penicilloylation of the serine residue S402 of motif STYK. Signal transmission through the plasma membrane by the four-alpha-helix bundle may proceed in a way comparable to that of the aspartate receptor, Tar. Signal emission in the cytosol by the intracellular 189-amino-acid-residue Y134-K322 loop that connects TM3 and TM4, may proceed via the activation of a putative metallopeptidase. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (6 ULg)
See detailLa Belgique: Diversité territoriale
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg; Van der Haegen, H.; Van Hecke, E.

in Bulletin du Crédit Communal (1997), (202), 144

Présentation synthétique en 16 thèmes des résultats des recherches d'équipes universitaires de la KULeuven, l'UCL, l'ULB, la VUB et l'ULg. Tableau de la situation de la Belgique en 1991 et des dynamiques ... [more ▼]

Présentation synthétique en 16 thèmes des résultats des recherches d'équipes universitaires de la KULeuven, l'UCL, l'ULB, la VUB et l'ULg. Tableau de la situation de la Belgique en 1991 et des dynamiques entre 1981 et 1991. 155 cartes en couleurs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 137 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDesigning and implementing a GIS in an international context
Pantazis, Dimos N; Cornélis, Bernard ULg

in Transactions in GIS (1997), 1(4), 301-320

International collaborations between private companies, national research laboratories, and universities in the field of GIS have opened up new ways of exchanging knowledge and experiences between ... [more ▼]

International collaborations between private companies, national research laboratories, and universities in the field of GIS have opened up new ways of exchanging knowledge and experiences between different countries. However, when a collaboration involves the actual design and implementation of an operational GIS, rather than simply theoretical or applied research, or the development of specific applications, many problems can arise, sometimes leading either to the partial success or the complete failure of the project. Some of these problems are frequently encountered in all kinds of international collaborations: problems arising from different cultural mentalities, difficulties establishing a single common leadership, difficulties with communication and information exchange, and so on. Problems relating to the specific nature of the GIS are also present, for example the absence of digital geographic data format standards, the absence of metadata standards, the omission to use GIS or IS design methods, etc. This paper focuses on a joint Sino-Belgian project for the design and implementation of an urban geographical information system (UGIS) integrating remote sensing techniques in Hangzhou city, China and examines the general, specific, and international aspects of the problems encountered in an international collaboration. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (7 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCompte rendu du Cahier de Linguistique française, n°14 : Lexique et pragmatique
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Français Moderne (Le) (1997), (2), 239-244

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA modification of convex approximation methods for structural optimization
Zhang, Wei-Hong; Fleury, Claude ULg

in Computers & Structures (1997), 64(1-4), 89-95

The most popular convex approximation methods used today in structural optimization are discussed in this paper: the convex linearization method (CONLIN), the method of the moving asymptotes (MMA) and the ... [more ▼]

The most popular convex approximation methods used today in structural optimization are discussed in this paper: the convex linearization method (CONLIN), the method of the moving asymptotes (MMA) and the sequential quadratic programming method (SQP). Modifications are made to enhance the reliability of the CONLIN method. In addition, a generalized MMA (GMMA) is established. However, in view of practical difficulties of evaluating second-order derivatives, a fitting scheme is proposed in this work to adjust the convexity of the approximation based on the available function value at the preceding design iteration. Numerical results show that this simple scheme is efficient in our applications. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailBeam-laser measurements and relativistic Hartree-Fock calculations of the lifetimes of the 4d95p levels in Ag II
Biémont, Emile ULg; Pinnington, E. H.; Kernahan, J. A. et al

in Journal of Physics : B Atomic Molecular & Optical Physics (1997), 30

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFin du Millénaire - fin de l'Agriculture
Schirmer, Jacek; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (1997), 33

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailActes de la 23ème Réunion internationale de l'AMDP francophone, Colonster (Liège), 1er et 2 septembre 1995
Mormont, Christian ULg

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (1997), 97(Suppl. 1), 1-72

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDarkness promotes flowering in the absolute long-day requiring plant, Lolium temulentum L. Ceres
Périlleux, Claire ULg; Bernier, Georges ULg; Kinet, Jean-Marie

in Journal of Experimental Botany (1997), 48(307), 349--351

Vegetative plants of the long-day grass Lolium temulentum L. Ceres were exposed to threshold long days or light breaks. Protracted darkness given just afterwards clearly promoted flowering and was weakly ... [more ▼]

Vegetative plants of the long-day grass Lolium temulentum L. Ceres were exposed to threshold long days or light breaks. Protracted darkness given just afterwards clearly promoted flowering and was weakly inductive on its own. The promotive effect of darkness was restricted to floral induction since further apical development was weak. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEmerging Roles for Proteinases in Cancer
Noël, Agnès ULg; Gilles, Christine ULg; Bajou, Khalid ULg et al

in Invasion & Metastasis (1997), 17(5), 221-39

Metalloproteinases and serine proteinases have been associated with tumor invasion and formation of metastasis which represent the major obstacles to cancer cure. The contribution of proteinases in these ... [more ▼]

Metalloproteinases and serine proteinases have been associated with tumor invasion and formation of metastasis which represent the major obstacles to cancer cure. The contribution of proteinases in these processes was initially thought to be the destruction of extracellular matrices. However, recent evidence suggests that they mainly affect tumor growth rather than invasion. Proteinases can indeed generate active matrix protein fragments, influence the release, the activation and the bioavailability of growth factors, and consequently modulate tumor cell growth, apoptosis and angiogenesis. Additionally, proteinases, their receptors and/or inhibitors can be directly involved in cell migration and in the processing or shedding of cell surface proteins. Further elucidation of the functions of proteinases is essential for the development of novel anticancer strategies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailClostridium spiroforme toxin genes are related to C. perfringens iota toxin genes but have a different genomic localization.
Gilbert, M.; Perelle, S.; Daube, Georges ULg et al

in Systematic & Applied Microbiology (1997), 20

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'invention du personnage
Belloi, Livio ULg

in Iris - Revue de théorie de l'image et du son/A Journal of Theory on Image and Sound (1997), 24(automne), 59-76

Etude historique portant sur la prise de consistance progressive du personnage de cinéma dans les années 1900.

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (10 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSaisie-arrêt et concours des créanciers: fin d'une controverse, note sous Cass. (1ère ch.), 11 avr. 1997
Georges, Frédéric ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (1997)

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (2 ULg)