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See detaille nouvel article 65, alinéa 2 du code pénal et son application dans le temps
Monville, Pierre ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2002)

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See detailCompte rendu de R. GODDING, Prêtres en Gaule mérovingienne, Bruxelles, 2001
George, Philippe ULg

in Moyen Age (Le) (2002)

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See detailL'image du mois. Malacoplasie pulmonaire a Rhodococcus equi chez un patient atteint du SIDA.
Delbecque, Katty ULg; Radermecker, Maurice ULg; Leonard, Philippe ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(11), 685-7

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See detailL'hyperglycemie post-prandiale. I. Physiopathologie, consequences cliniques et approaches dietetiques.
Scheen, André ULg; Paquot, Nicolas ULg; Jandrain, Bernard ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(3), 138-41

Postprandial hyperglycaemia depends on the amount and type of ingested carbohydrates and/or the degree of inhibition of hepatic glucose output following a meal. The kinetics of carbohydrate absorption is ... [more ▼]

Postprandial hyperglycaemia depends on the amount and type of ingested carbohydrates and/or the degree of inhibition of hepatic glucose output following a meal. The kinetics of carbohydrate absorption is directly influenced by the type of food (carbohydrates with variable glycaemic indices, fibre content of the meal) and by the speed of gastric emptying. Hepatic glucose output is remarkably inhibited by insulin and strongly stimulated by glucagon. It remains abnormally high after a meal in diabetic patients because of insufficient portal insulin concentrations, hepatic insulin resistance and/or hyperglucagonaemia. In diabetic patients, postprandial hyperglycaemia contributes to the aggravation of chronic hyperglycaemia, and thus to the increase of glycated haemoglobin levels. Furthermore, it has been recently demonstrated that postprandial hyperglycaemia increases the cardiovascular risk, even in nondiabetic subjects, probably by inducing endothelial dysfunction. Appropriate dietary counselling plays a key-role in the control of postprandial hyperglycaemia. Generally speaking, it includes a selection of carbohydrates with low glycaemic index and a higher fibre intake. Pharmacological interventions may also be considered when necessary. [less ▲]

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See detailThe lichen flora of the Boulonnais (France, Pas-de-Calais)
Sparrius, L.B.; Diederich, Paul; Signoret, Jonathan et al

in Belgian Journal of Botany (2002), 135

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See detailRespiratory feedback in the generation of emotion
Philippot, P; Chapelle, G; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Cognition & Emotion (2002), 15(5), 605-627

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See detailUtilisation de la ropivacaine par voie peridurale pour l'analgesie postoperatoire.
Senard, Marc ULg; Joris, Jean ULg

in Annales Françaises d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation (2002), 21(9), 713-24

OBJECTIVES: To describe pharmacology and toxicology of ropivacaine. To assess the clinical efficacy of ropivacaine when used for postoperative epidural analgesia and to provide recommendations for ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To describe pharmacology and toxicology of ropivacaine. To assess the clinical efficacy of ropivacaine when used for postoperative epidural analgesia and to provide recommendations for clinical practice. DATA SOURCES: Search in the Medline data base of original articles in French and English published since 1995, using the following key words: ropivacaine, postoperative analgesia, epidural, caudal block. STUDY SELECTION: Prospective randomised studies in adults and children were selected. Letters to editors and editorials were excluded. DATA EXTRACTION: Articles have been analyzed: to determine the dose of ropivacaine required for postoperative epidural analgesia, to assess the benefits of combination of epidural ropivacaine and additives (opioids or other), to compare epidural ropivacaine and bupivacaine and to assess the use of ropivacaine via caudal route for paediatric postoperative analgesia. DATA SYNTHESIS: 20 mg h-1 of ropivacaine is required to provide effective analgesia. This dose produces a motor block in a significant number of patients. Combination with an opioid allows for a reduction in ropivacaine requirement and subsequently in the incidence of motor blockade. In adults, equipotency ratio of ropivacaine and bupivacaine varies between 1.5/1 and 1/1 depending upon the concentration used. At equipotent doses, early postoperative mobilisation is facilitated with ropivacaine. In case of paediatric caudal analgesia, this ratio is close to 1. CONCLUSIONS: Epidural ropivacaine combined with opioid provide good postoperative pain relief. Reduction in the incidence of motor blockade and safe toxicological profile make this local anaesthetic a suitable alternative of bupivacaine for postoperative epidural analgesia. [less ▲]

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See detailEcological network and local authorities - sociological instrument
Mougenot, Catherine ULg; Roussel, Laurence

in Nature and environment (2002), (126), 37

Ever closer links have been forged between caring for nature on the one hand and human activities on the other. In recent years there has been a shift from an interest in reserve-based nature, which ... [more ▼]

Ever closer links have been forged between caring for nature on the one hand and human activities on the other. In recent years there has been a shift from an interest in reserve-based nature, which excluded man and human activities, to an increasingly powerful nature-culture relationship. Nature protection became nature conservation and then nature development with the integration of socio-economic and cultural aspects. Within the framework of the setting-up of the pan-european ecological network, these sociological aspects have a great importance for establishing an ecological network where the scientific aspects of biodiversity protection must co-exist with nature management and development. [less ▲]

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See detailImpaired emotional facial expression recognition is associated with interpersonal problems in alcoholism
Kornreich, C; Philippot, P; Foisy, ML et al

in Alcohol & Alcoholism (2002), 37(4), 394-400

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See detailOptimal timing of elective caesarean section in Belgian White and Blue breed of cattle: The calf's point of view
Uystepruyst, Christophe; Coghe, Joost; Dorts, Thierry et al

in Veterinary Journal (2002), 163(3), 267-282

The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the timing of elective caesarean section (ECS) during parturition affects pulmonary and metabolic adaptation to extra-uterine life in healthy Belgian ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the timing of elective caesarean section (ECS) during parturition affects pulmonary and metabolic adaptation to extra-uterine life in healthy Belgian White and Blue (BWB) calves delivered at term. Vaginal palpation was performed and deliveries divided into six categories of timing for ECS: cervix closed (TECS 1) passive and active cervical dilatation (TECS 2 and TECS 3); full cervical dilatation (TECS 4); spontaneous rupture of allantoic (TECS 5) and amniotic (TECS 6) membranes. One hundred and eighteen BWB calves were examined at birth, 5, 15, 30, 45 and 60 min and 2, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h after birth using the following measurements: physical examination (time between birth and sternal recumbency [T-SR]) heart rate (mHR); arterial blood gas analyses (arterial partial pressure in oxygen [PaO2], in carbon dioxide [PaCO2], arterial haemoglobin oxygen saturation [SaO(2)], alveolo-arterial difference in oxygen [AaDO(2)]); pulmonary function tests using the oesophageal balloon catheter technique (respiratory rate [RR], total pulmonary resistance [R-I], dynamic lung compliance [C-Ldyn], tidal volume [V-T] and minute Volume [V-E]; arterial and venous blood acid-base balance analyses (arterial and venous pH [pHa and pHv], bicarbonate concentration [HCO(3)a and HCO(3)v], base excess [BEa and BEv]); rectal temperature (RT); jugular venous blood sampling for, determination of metabolic variables (blood glucose [G], plasma lactate [L], serum cortisol [C], plasma noradrenaline [NA] and adrenaline [A] concentrations); haematological variables (red blood cell count [RBC], total haemoglobin concentration [Hb], Packed Cell Volume [PCV]) and passive immune transfer variables (total serum protein [TP] and beta(2)gammaglobulin [beta(2)gamma] concentrations). TECS significantly (Pless than or equal to0.05) influenced PaO2, SaO(2), AaDO(2), RR, V-T, V-E, C-Ldyn, RT, G, NA, A, RBC, Hb and TP: compared to TECSgreater than or equal to4 calves, TECSless than or equal to3 calves showed lower PaO2, SaO(2), V-T, C-Ldyn, RT, G, NA, A, RBC, Hb and TP and higher AaDO(2), RR, V-E. TECS differences progressively decreased and disappeared between 6 and 12 h after birth in TECS 2 and 3 calves but remained tip to 24 h in TECS 1 calves. Improved postnatal respiratory and metabolic adaptation in TECSgreater than or equal to4 calves were mainly related to differences in exposure to labour and subsequent hormonal surge: catecholamines, particularly A, enabled more effective removal of lung liquid and/or release of surfactant which contribute to better gas exchanges and induced greater energy mobilization to maintain adequate body temperature. It was concluded waiting for full cervical dilatation before performing CS should be encouraged because it promotes postnatal respiratory and metabolic adaptation in full-term BWB calves. [less ▲]

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See detailGenetic factors affecting susceptibility to udder pathogens
Detilleux, Johann ULg

in Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology (2002), 88(3-4), 103-110

Bovine mastitis remains the most costly disease in dairy cattle. Breeding for resistance to udder pathogens has been proposed as a complementary tool to therapeutic and prophylactic measures not totally ... [more ▼]

Bovine mastitis remains the most costly disease in dairy cattle. Breeding for resistance to udder pathogens has been proposed as a complementary tool to therapeutic and prophylactic measures not totally effective against the disease. This paper reviews factors affecting cows’ susceptibility to pathogens at the animal, cellular/hormonal and DNA levels. Such factors will be useful in achieving genetic improvement for resistance only if they have desirable properties at the genetic and immunological levels. Because such properties are not always of significant magnitude, further research is necessary to identify characteristics of resistance in cows, considering the constant and complex interactions that occur between hosts and pathogens. [less ▲]

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See detailSelf-adapting time integration management in crash-worthiness and sheet metal forming computations
Noels, Ludovic ULg; Stainier, Laurent ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in International Journal of Vehicle Design (2002), 30(1-2), 67-114

Variable step strategies are especially well suited to deal with problems characterized by high non-linearity and contact/impact, and resolved with an implicit scheme. Both phenomena are typical of ... [more ▼]

Variable step strategies are especially well suited to deal with problems characterized by high non-linearity and contact/impact, and resolved with an implicit scheme. Both phenomena are typical of dynamic simulations of contact-impact problems, as well as sheet metal forming. Constant step size strategies do not give a satisfactory answer for this kind of problem, since it is very difficult, if not impossible, for the user to find an appropriate time step that does not lead to divergence nor generate extremely costly computations. An automatic time stepping algorithm is proposed, which takes into account the recent history of accelerations in the deformable bodies under consideration. More precisely, the adaptation algorithm is based on estimators of the integration error of the differential dynamic balance equations. This allows for adaptation of the step size to capture correctly the transient phenomena, with characteristic times which can range from relatively long (after contact, or during sheet metal forming) to very short (during contact-impact). thus ensuring precision while keeping the computation cost to a minimum. Furthermore, we will see that this strategy can be used in explicit schemes. Additionally, the proposed algorithm automatically takes decisions regarding the necessity of updating the tangent matrix or stopping the iterations, further reducing the computational costs especially, when the Augmented Lagrangian method is used. As an illustration of the capabilities of this algorithm, several numerical simulations (shock absorber devices for vehicle crash-worthiness or sheet metal forming) problems will be presented. Other simulations pertaining to the sheet metal forming for vehicle structures will also be investigated, thus demonstrating the versatility, the capabilities and the efficiency of the proposed strategy. [less ▲]

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See detailLa régulation des services publics: les enseignements du droit comparé
Thirion, Nicolas ULg

in Chroniques de Droit Public = Publiekrechtelijke Kronieken (2002), 4

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See detailAdvantages and drawbacks of nanospray for studying noncovalent protein-DNA complexes by mass spectrometry
Gabelica, Valérie ULg; Vreuls, Christelle ULg; Filée, Patrice ULg et al

in Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry : RCM (2002), 16(18), 1723-1728

The noncovalent complexes between the BlaI protein dimer (wild-type and GM2 mutant) and its double-stranded DNA operator were studied by nanospray mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS ... [more ▼]

The noncovalent complexes between the BlaI protein dimer (wild-type and GM2 mutant) and its double-stranded DNA operator were studied by nanospray mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). Reproducibility problems in the nanospray single-stage mass spectra are emphasized. The relative intensities depend greatly on the shape of the capillary tip and on the capillary-cone distance. This results in difficulties in assessing the relative stabilities of the complexes simply from MS' spectra of protein-DNA mixtures. Competition experiments using MS/MS are a better approach to determine relative binding affinities. A competition between histidine-tagged BlaIWT (BlaIWTHis) and the GM2 mutant revealed that the two proteins have similar affinities for the DNA operator, and that they co-dimerize to form heterocomplexes. The low sample consumption of nanospray allows MS/MS spectra to be recorded at different collision energies for different charge states with 1 muL of sample. The MS/MS experiments on the dimers reveal that the GM2 dimer is more kinetically stable in the gas phase than the wild-type dimer. The MS/MS experiments on the complexes shows that the two proteins require the same collision energy to dissociate from the complex. This indicates that the rate-limiting step in the monomer loss from the protein-DNA complex arises from the breaking of the protein-DNA interface rather than the protein-protein interface. The dissociation of the protein-DNA complex proceeds by the loss of a highly charged monomer (carrying about two-thirds of the total charge and one-third of the total mass). MS/MS experiments on a heterocomplex also show that the two proteins BlaIWTHis and BlaIGM2 have slightly different charge distributions in the fragments. This emphasizes the need for better understanding the dissociation mechanisms of biomolecular complexes. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of some insecticides on acetylcholinesterase from beneficial insects: Coccinella septempunctata, Chrysoperla carnea and Forficula auricularia
Boszic, Andras; Francis, Frédéric ULg; Gaspar, Charles et al

in Med. Fac. Landbouw. Univ. Gent (2002), 67(3), 671-677

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See detailMass transfer by free and forced convection from single spherical liquid drops
Waheed, M Adekojo; Henschke, Martin; Pfennig, Andreas ULg

in International Journal of Heat & Mass Transfer (2002), 45(22), 4507-4514

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See detailUse of specific bioluminescent cell lines for the detection of steroid hormone (ant)agonists in meat producing animals
Willemsen, Philippe; Scippo, Marie-Louise ULg; Maghuin-Rogister, Guy ULg et al

in Analytica Chimica Acta (2002), 473(1-2), 119-126

We present stable transformed human mammary cell lines displaying highly inducible steroid receptor-mediated luciferase reporter gene expression. The utilization of a cell-based assay for detection of ... [more ▼]

We present stable transformed human mammary cell lines displaying highly inducible steroid receptor-mediated luciferase reporter gene expression. The utilization of a cell-based assay for detection of steroid agonists and antagonists down to 0.3 ng g(-1) is described and its application to the analysis of bovine samples is discussed. In particular, the use of the assays to detect illegal progesterone or androgen treatment has to take into account the presence of natural endogenous hormones. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLa mesure de la pression artérielle : écueils et chausse-trapes
Rorive, Georges ULg; Dubois, Bernard ULg; Saint-Remy, Annie ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(5), 250-252

La mesure de la pression artérielle est probablement l'acte médical le plus souvent réalisé et certainement un des moins fiables. L'introduction de la mesure ambulatoire de la pression artérielle a permis ... [more ▼]

La mesure de la pression artérielle est probablement l'acte médical le plus souvent réalisé et certainement un des moins fiables. L'introduction de la mesure ambulatoire de la pression artérielle a permis d'identifier l'importance de l'effet consultatio et, par là, de définir l'hypertension de "la blouse blanche". Celle-ci se définit comme une pression artérielle pathologique à la consultation et strictement normale en dehors. Si on la définit de cette manière, cette pathologie ne s'accompagne pas d'une augmentation de la fréqunce des affections cardiovasculaires. Chez un tiers des patients, cependant, elle évolue vers des formes plus sévères de l'hypertension. [less ▲]

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See detailReconstruction of healthcare in Afghanistan.
Porignon, Denis ULg; Hennart, Philippe

in Lancet (2002), 359(9311), 1071-2

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See detailBelgian-style Human Resource Management: A Case of Mistaken Identity
Claus, Lisbeth; Vloeberghs, Daniel; Pichault, François ULg

in European Management Journal (2002), 20(4), 438-446

Discusses various forces that affect the future of human resource management (HRM) in Belgium. Development of HRM in the country; Specific forces that have shaped the development and character of HRM ... [more ▼]

Discusses various forces that affect the future of human resource management (HRM) in Belgium. Development of HRM in the country; Specific forces that have shaped the development and character of HRM; Details of the condition of HRM in the country. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent developments in infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Lemaire, Mylène; Keuser, Véronique et al

in Cattle Practice (2002), 10

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See detailPourquoi la Finlande a-t-elle tant de jeunes bons lecteurs ?
Lafontaine, Dominique ULg

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2002), 9-10

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See detailGenetic diversity of the african geocarpic legume kersting's groundnut, Macrotyloma geocarpum (Tribe Phaseoleae : Fabaceae)
Pasquet, R. S.; Mergeai, Guy ULg; Baudoin, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Biochemical Systematics & Ecology (2002), 30(10), 943-952

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See detailLes antagonistes calciques ont-ils une place de première ligne dans le traitement de l'hypertension artérielle?
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(2), 79-84

During the nineties, a controversy was noted in the literature about the potential risk of using calcium antagonists in the treatment of hypertension. Several recent studies, such as the INSIGHT’s one ... [more ▼]

During the nineties, a controversy was noted in the literature about the potential risk of using calcium antagonists in the treatment of hypertension. Several recent studies, such as the INSIGHT’s one have not confirmed this provided that one uses long-acting molecule. But the real beneficial effect due to the different antihypertensive classes is mainly linked to the magnitude of the blood pressure lowering effect. [less ▲]

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See detailRandomized controlled study of the influence of two low estrogen dose oral contraceptives containing gestodene or desogestrel on carbohydrate metabolism.
Ludicke, Frank; Gaspard, Ulysse ULg; Demeyer, Fabienne ULg et al

in Contraception (2002), 66(6), 411-5

This study compared the impact on carbohydrate metabolism of two combinedoral contraceptives (COCs). This open-label, single-center trial enrolled participants for a total of 15 cycles. Thirty-six women ... [more ▼]

This study compared the impact on carbohydrate metabolism of two combinedoral contraceptives (COCs). This open-label, single-center trial enrolled participants for a total of 15 cycles. Thirty-six women were randomized to receive either 20 microg ethinyl estradiol (EE) and 75 microg gestodene (GSD) or 20 microg ethinyl estradiol and 150 microg desogestrel (DSG) daily for 21 days out of 28. A glucose tolerance test was performed at baseline and cycles 6 and 13. The area under the curve (AUC) for glucose increased in both study groups. The change was statistically significant (p = 0.036) for the 20 EE/75 GSD group at cycle 6 versus baseline. Fasting blood glucose at cycle 13 was significantly (p < 0.01) higher for both treatment groups compared to baseline. No changes were found for fasting insulin and fasting C-peptide levels or for the AUCs of insulin or C-peptide. Both regimens were well tolerated. Gestodene and desogestrel in combination with 20-microg ethinyl estradiol induce similar changes in carbohydrate metabolism which are smaller than those described earlier for COCs containing higher estrogen doses or more androgenic progestins such as levonorgestrel. [less ▲]

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See detailMedical imaging and MRI in nail disorders: report of 119 cases and review of the literature
Richert, Bertrand ULg; Baghaie, Mahmoud

in Dermatologic Therapy (2002), 15

Radiographs remain the golden standard for exploration of the bony structures located beneath the nail plate, but they provide no information on the perionychium. Until a few years ago the nail apparatus ... [more ▼]

Radiographs remain the golden standard for exploration of the bony structures located beneath the nail plate, but they provide no information on the perionychium. Until a few years ago the nail apparatus was deprived of investigative medical imaging. Glomus tumor was the only condition that was explored using invasive techniques such as angiography or scintigraphy. High-frequency ultrasound rapidly came up against technical limits. High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers a superior alternative in detection of distal lesions as well as their relationship with the adjacent structures. MRI provides an accurate analysis of the nail apparatus with detection of lesions as small as 1 mm. This noninvasive technique will allow us to better understand, diagnose, and treat pathologies of the distal phalanx. [less ▲]

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See detailEnquête sur les "contes" de Voltaire
Tilkin, Françoise ULg

in Cahiers Voltaire : Revue Annuelle de la Société Voltaire (2002), 1

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See detailAdhesion of synchronized human hematopoietic progenitor cells to fibronectin and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 fluctuates reversibly during cell cycle transit in ex vivo culture.
Huygen, Sandra; Giet, Olivier ULg; Artisien, Vincent et al

in Blood (2002), 100(8), 2744-52

Ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells may result in defective engraftment. Human cord blood CD34(+) progenitor cells were synchronized and assayed for adhesion and migration onto ... [more ▼]

Ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells may result in defective engraftment. Human cord blood CD34(+) progenitor cells were synchronized and assayed for adhesion and migration onto fibronectin (Fn) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) at different stages of a first cell cycle executed ex vivo. During S phase transit, adhesion to Fn was transiently increased while binding to VCAM-1 was reversibly decreased, after which adhesion to both ligands returned to baseline levels with cell cycle completion. Transmigration across Fn and VCAM-1 decreased irreversibly during S phase progression. The function of alpha4 and alpha5 integrins was assessed with specific neutralizing antibodies. In uncultured CD34(+) cells and long-term culture-initiating cells (LTC-ICs), both adhesion and migration on Fn were inhibited by anti-alpha4 but not by anti-alpha5 antibodies. In mitotically activated CD34(+) cells and LTC-ICs, adhesion and migration on Fn were mainly dependent on alpha5 integrin and to a lesser extent on alpha4 integrin. Changes in integrin function were not dependent on parallel modulation of integrin expression. In conclusion, Fn and VCAM-1 binding of progenitor cells fluctuates reversibly during cell cycle transit ex vivo. In addition, our data show that mitogenic activation induces a shift from a dominant alpha4 to a preferential alpha5 integrin-dependent interaction with Fn. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of nutritional antioxidant supplementation on systemic and pulmonary antioxidant status, airway inflammation and lung function in heaves-affected horses
Kirschvink, Nathalie; Fievez, Laurence ULg; Bougnet, V. et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal (2002), 34

An oxidant/antioxidant imbalance in favour of oxidants has been identified as playing a decisive role in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory airway diseases. Nutritional antioxidant supplementation ... [more ▼]

An oxidant/antioxidant imbalance in favour of oxidants has been identified as playing a decisive role in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory airway diseases. Nutritional antioxidant supplementation might reduce oxidative damage by enhancement of the antioxidant defence, thereby modulating inflammatory processes. In a placebo-controlled, blind study, it was tested whether a dietary antioxidant supplement administered for 4 weeks would improve lung function and reduce airway inflammation in heaves-affected horses. Eight horses in clinical remission of heaves were investigated at rest and after a standardised exercise test before and after treatment with an antioxidant supplement (consisting of a mixture of natural antioxidants including vitamins E and C and selenium from a variety of sources) or placebo (oatfeed pellets without additive). Pulmonary function and exercise tolerance were monitored; systemic and pulmonary lining fluid uric acid, glutathione and 8-epi-PGF(2alpha) were analysed, and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cytology and inflammatory scoring of the airways were performed. The antioxidant treatment significantly improved exercise tolerance and significantly reduced endoscopic inflammatory score. Plasma uric acid concentrations were significantly reduced, suggesting downregulation of the xanthine-dehydrogenase and xanthine-oxydase pathway. Haemolysate glutathione showed a nonsignificant trend to increase, while plasma 8-epi-PGF(2alpha) remained unchanged. Pulmonary markers and BAL cytology were not significantly affected by antioxidant supplementation. The present study suggests that the antioxidant supplement tested modulated oxidant/antioxidant balance and airway inflammation of heaves-affected horses [less ▲]

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See detailStratégies de prévention des avortements provoqués par les herpèsvirus et les pestivirus de ruminants
Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2002), 146(3, JUN-JUL), 161

Bovine herpesviruses 1 and 4 (BoHV-1 and BoHV-4) and caprine herpesvirus (CpHV-1) are responsible of abortion. Abortions caused by BoHV-1 happen during outbreaks of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesviruses 1 and 4 (BoHV-1 and BoHV-4) and caprine herpesvirus (CpHV-1) are responsible of abortion. Abortions caused by BoHV-1 happen during outbreaks of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis whereas BoHV-4 is associated with abortion but is not a very high risk factor. CpHV-1 infection is not yet identified in Belgium and in France. Bovine and ovine pestiviruses, bovine viral diarrhea and Border disease viruses, respectively, provoke abortions mainly during the first half of gestation. At the herd level, the prevention of abortion caused by these viruses can be achieved by the control of virus circulation with the help of vaccination or the elimination of persistently infected animals. At the individual level, immunisation with inactivated vaccines induces a high humoral response with high levels of neutralising antibodies, able to prevent the viremia and foetus infection. [less ▲]

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See detailUn moine est mort : sa vie commence.Anno 1048 obiit Poppo abbas Stabulensis.
George, Philippe ULg

in Moyen Age (Le) (2002), 108(3-4), 497-506

Poppo, the abbot at Stavelot-Malmedy died in the abbey of Marchiennes in Hainaut on 25 January 1048. The scene of the saint's death, which his hagiographer described in grand manner some ten years later ... [more ▼]

Poppo, the abbot at Stavelot-Malmedy died in the abbey of Marchiennes in Hainaut on 25 January 1048. The scene of the saint's death, which his hagiographer described in grand manner some ten years later, deserves to be examined closely, as indeed the staging of his funeral, this stepping onto the threshold of "rebirth" into eternal life and sainthood (dies natalis). The Vita Popponis follows the rules of the hagiographic genre, in which the monk's death is inevitably highlighted. [less ▲]

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See detailThe plant pathogenesis-related PR-10 proteins
Elbez, Mounira; Kevers, Claire ULg; Hamdi, Saïd et al

in Acta Botanica Gallica : Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France (2002), 149(4), 415-444

The PR-10 protein family contains proteins related to pathogenesis and allergenic proteins. They are acidic proteins, with an intracellular localization, usually members of a multigene family and ... [more ▼]

The PR-10 protein family contains proteins related to pathogenesis and allergenic proteins. They are acidic proteins, with an intracellular localization, usually members of a multigene family and ubiquitous among plant kingdom. They contain a highly conserved motif, identified as a phosphate binding site. Even if the biological function of these proteins is still unknown, many indicators seem to favour the hypothesis of an RNAse activity. Moreover, one of them seems to be a cytokinin specific binding protein. Besides, PR-10 protein expression induction under cytokinin treatment was observed with the Catharanthus roseus CrPR-10a protein. Here, we present the evidence of a significative increase of endogenous cytokinin contents in leaves of transgenic Tobacco plants over-expressing the CrPR-10a protein. [less ▲]

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See detailGastric collision between a papillotubular adenocarcinoma and a gastrinoma in a patient with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.
De Leval, Laurence ULg; Hardy, Noelle; Deprez, Manuel ULg et al

in Virchows Archiv : An International Journal of Pathology (2002), 441(5), 462-5

We report a unique case of a gastric collision tumor composed of an intramural gastrin-secreting tumor and a papillotubular adenocarcinoma of the intestinal type discovered at autopsy in a patient with ... [more ▼]

We report a unique case of a gastric collision tumor composed of an intramural gastrin-secreting tumor and a papillotubular adenocarcinoma of the intestinal type discovered at autopsy in a patient with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. There was extensive metastatic dissemination of the neuroendocrine component to regional lymph nodes and to the liver. The unusual macroscopical, histological, and immunohistochemical features of this case and its specific clinical setting are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailSaussure entre deux épistémologies
Badir, Sémir ULg

in Le français moderne (2002), 70(2), 231-238

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See detailEtude de la perturbation de l'image du corps dans un échantillon de patientes boulimiques
Bragard, Isabelle ULg; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Mayers, I. et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2002), 7(2), 5-18

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See detailWeight loss does not influence energy expenditure or leucine metabolism in obese cats
Nguyen, Patrick; Dumon, Henri; Martin, Lucile et al

in Journal of Nutrition (2002), 132(6, Suppl. 2), 1649-1651

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See detailVegetative and generative behaviour of Strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) plants raised from in vitro regeneration of axillary or stipular buds
Jemmali, Ahmed; Elloumi, Nedra; Kevers, Claire ULg

in Acta Botanica Gallica : Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France (2002), 149(4), 395-404

In vitro regeneration of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) plants from adventitious stipular buds allowed us to obtain a new clone differing from the axillary originated clone by its vegetative and ... [more ▼]

In vitro regeneration of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) plants from adventitious stipular buds allowed us to obtain a new clone differing from the axillary originated clone by its vegetative and reproductive behavior. Besides of its clear and rounded leaves, this clone is characterized by a slower plastochronal rythm corresponding to the production of a greater number of axillary shoots (runners). Furthermore, its flowers have shorter receptacle that does not overstep stamens. At the contrary, receptacle of the axillary clone largely overstep stamens and then, they are not well pollinated and resulted in malformed fruits especially in cold season or in absence of pollen vectors. [less ▲]

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See detailCritères et indicateurs : les initiatives gabonaises
O'Heix, Bruno-Charles; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg; Ondo, Rose et al

in Bois et Forêts des Tropiques (2002), 271(1), 79-88

Près de deux décennies après les premières discussions sur le concept de durabilité, le processus de mise en place de la gestion durable des forêts de production est en voie de concrétisation en zone ... [more ▼]

Près de deux décennies après les premières discussions sur le concept de durabilité, le processus de mise en place de la gestion durable des forêts de production est en voie de concrétisation en zone tropicale. Les consensus politiques et scientifiques s’ébauchent aux échelons régionaux comme nationaux. Un certain optimisme est donc de mise, même si de nombreuses questions demeurent en suspens et si les objectifs (globaux et spécifiques) demeurent encore peu lisibles. Les difficultés liées aux intérêts macro- et microéconomiques que représente la forêt sont encore renforcées par la question de la certification des bois issus de la gestion durable. Les initiatives pour la définition de normes de certification, outre leur intérêt potentiel en termes de financement de la gestion durable des forêts (GDF), ont néanmoins largement contribué à l’avancée des méthodes et des processus de développement des critères et des indicateurs (C & I) pour la mesure et le suivi de la gestion durable. De nombreux ensembles de C & I, depuis une utilisation régionale jusqu’à un usage par des unités de gestion forestière (UGF), ont vu le jour, y compris dans le bassin du Congo où aucune « gestion durable » n’a encore été validée par une certification commerciale. À ce jour, de par l’engagement du gouvernement et les initiatives précoces de certains opérateurs forestiers privés, le Gabon apparaît comme un modèle pour la région du bassin du Congo. [less ▲]

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See detailMechanical behaviour of Lixhe chalk partly saturated by oil and water: experiment and modelling
Collin, Frédéric ULg; Cui, Yu Jun; Schroeder, Christian ULg et al

in International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics (2002), 26(9), 897-924

Two or more different fluids generally saturate chalk in oil reservoir, and therefore its behaviour can be very complicated. In this paper, a constitutive law is proposed for modelling the mechanical ... [more ▼]

Two or more different fluids generally saturate chalk in oil reservoir, and therefore its behaviour can be very complicated. In this paper, a constitutive law is proposed for modelling the mechanical behaviour of a chalk saturated by two non-miscible fluids, water and oil. The effects of the capillary pressure or suction are taken into account. They are considered as an independent variable, as in the Barcelona's basic model developed for unsaturated soils. On the other hand, internal friction and pore collapse are modelled as independent mechanisms. The determination of the parameters is based on triaxial and oedometer tests. Finally, in order to validate the model, predictions are compared with experimental results of water-flooding test. Copyright (C) 2002 John Wiley Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailEssais et modélisations d'assemblages soudés entre tubes elliptiques
Bortolotti, E.; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Pietrapertosa, C. et al

in Revue de Métallurgie [=Revue de Métallurgie. Cahiers d'Informations Techniques] (2002)

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See detailUse of X-ray microtomography to follow the convective heat drying of wastewater sludges
Léonard, Angélique ULg; Blacher, Silvia ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg et al

in Drying Technology (2002), 20(4-5), 1053-1069

X-ray microtomography is proposed as a new tool to investigate the evolution of size, shape and texture of soft materials during a drying operation. This study is focused on the drying of mechanically ... [more ▼]

X-ray microtomography is proposed as a new tool to investigate the evolution of size, shape and texture of soft materials during a drying operation. This study is focused on the drying of mechanically dewatered sludges from a secondary wastewater treatment. The shrinkage phenomenon is shown to play a crucial role in the control of the drying process. The shrinkage curves are determined by analysing the shape and size of cross sectional microtomographic images of sludge extrudates at different levels of drying. The observation of drying and shrinkage curves allows us to determine 3 critical water content values, which define different drying zones where extragranular, intragranular or mixed limitations prevail. When drying is externally controlled. the decrease of the drying rate observed during experiments can be related to the reduction of the external area of the sample, i.e., to shrinkage. When drying is internally controlled, resistances inside the solid govern the process. Between these two extreme situations, the drying rate reduction is the result of both the external area decrease and the development of internal resistances limiting drying. A multizone model is proposed to describe quantitatively these observations. The analysis of the internal texture of the Sludge extrudates reveal, crack formation at the end of the drying process. The onset of crack formation is clearly related to the appearance of internal transfer limitations. i.e., humidity and temperature gradients inside the material. [less ▲]

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See detailStrontium ranelate in osteoporosis
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Current Pharmaceutical Design (2002), 8

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See detailIntragranular and intergranular behaviour of multifilamentary Bi-2223/Ag tapes
Fagnard, Jean-François ULg; Vanderbemden, Philippe ULg; Crate, David et al

in Physica C: Superconductivity (2002), 372(Part 2), 970-973

This communication aims at reporting the superconducting properties of Bi-2223/Ag tapes determined by using various measuring techniques. First. the original samples have been characterized by electrical ... [more ▼]

This communication aims at reporting the superconducting properties of Bi-2223/Ag tapes determined by using various measuring techniques. First. the original samples have been characterized by electrical resistance, AC susceptibility. and DC magnetization. The transport (intergranular) critical Current vs. magnetic field was also determined at T = 77 K using pulsed currents up to 40 A. Next. the same combination of experiments as performed oil bent tapes in order to bring out relevant information concerning the strength of the intergranular coupling. The results show that intergranular and intragranular currents differ by at least one order of magnitude, Finally, additional magnetic measurements were carried out in order to determine the anisotropy ratio Jc(ab)/Jc(c), which was found to lie around 30. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailProposal for a new standard of faecal contamination indicator: Bifidobacterium
Delcenserie, Véronique ULg; China, Bernard; Gavini, Françoise et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2002), 146(5, OCT-NOV), 279-293

Micro-organisms of the genus Bifidobacterium are some of the most common micro-organisms in the human and animal intestinal tract. Bifidobacterium species are well known for their beneficial effects on ... [more ▼]

Micro-organisms of the genus Bifidobacterium are some of the most common micro-organisms in the human and animal intestinal tract. Bifidobacterium species are well known for their beneficial effects on the microflora. In this article, the interest for this microorganism is other. If this microorganism is found at different stages of the processing line, it indicates often a contamination of this processing line. An other characteristic is that Bifidobacterium species are different according to the host. It could be possible to determine the contamination origin (human or animal). That is an advantage over other bacteria such as the actual faecal contamination indicator, Escherichia coli. The aim of this project is to develop a test, using molecular genetic tools, to rapidly detect the most important Bifidobacterium species in food. If we know the contamination sources, the critical points will be pointed out and the control measures will be better. [less ▲]

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See detailThe role of the somatotropic axis in the mammalian metabolism
Renaville, Robert ULg; Parmentier, Isabelle; Haezebroeck, Valérie et al

in Acta Anatomica. Supplementum (2002), 5

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See detailSternal recumbency or suspension by the hind legs immediately after delivery improves respiratory and metabolic adaptation to extra uterine life in newborn calves delivered by caesarean section.
Uystepruyst, Christophe; Coghe, Joost; Dorts, Thierry et al

in Veterinary Research (2002), 33(6), 709-724

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of body positioning immediately after delivery on respiratory and metabolic adaptation to extra-uterine life in newborn calves. One hundred and one Belgian ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of body positioning immediately after delivery on respiratory and metabolic adaptation to extra-uterine life in newborn calves. One hundred and one Belgian White and Blue calves were delivered at term by an elective caesarean section and were assigned into three categories according to the body position imposed immediately after umbilical cord rupture: 71 calves were placed in lateral recumbency; 16 calves were placed in sternal recumbency and 14 calves were suspended by the hind legs for less than 90 seconds (75 +/- 5 s). Following this initial body position, the calves were allowed to move without restraint. They were examined at birth, 5, 15, 30, 45 and 60 minutes, and 2, 3, 6, 12 and 24 hours after birth by the following measurements: physical examination, heart rate, arterial blood gas analysis, pulmonary function tests using the esophageal balloon catheter technique, arterial and venous blood acid-base balance analysis, rectal temperature, jugular venous blood sampling for the determination of blood glucose, plasma lactate and serum cortisol concentrations, haematologic variables and passive immune transfer variables. Body positioning immediately after delivery clearly influenced respiratory and metabolic adaptation to extra-uterine life in term calves delivered by an elective caesarean section. Systematic sternal recumbency and suspension by the hind legs for less than 90 seconds immediately after umbilical cord rupture had a positive functional impact on postnatal pulmonary mechanics and gas exchange and on postnatal correction of mixed acidosis present at birth, contributing in turn to an enhanced passive immune transfer. These two body positions should be encouraged to improve adaptation at birth in healthy term calves delivered by an elective caesarean section. Evaluation of possible side-effects is required before application in severely asphyxiated calves. [less ▲]

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See detailYBa2Cu3O7 tapes prepared by sol-gel deposition techniques: microstructure and structural characterizations
Marguillier, David ULg; Cloots, Rudi ULg; Rulmont, André ULg et al

in Physica C: Superconductivity (2002), 372(Part 2), 715-718

We report on the preparation conditions of YBa2Cu3O7 polycrystalline superconducting tapes by a sol-gel deposition technique. We present some discussion on the compatibility between the nature of the ... [more ▼]

We report on the preparation conditions of YBa2Cu3O7 polycrystalline superconducting tapes by a sol-gel deposition technique. We present some discussion on the compatibility between the nature of the substrate, the use of a buffer layer, and the conditions used to prepare appropriate superconducting YBa2Cu3O7,, materials. We report also on the microstructural characterizations performed in order to evaluate the crystallites size, degree of orientation and connectivity. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailRadiologic features poorly predict clinical outcomes in knee osteoarthritis.
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Honore, Aline; Rovati, Lucio C et al

in Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology (2002), 31(1), 13-6

OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of radiographic severity and progression on pain and disability. METHODS: Measurements of mean joint space width (JSW), narrowest join space (NJS) point and assessment of ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of radiographic severity and progression on pain and disability. METHODS: Measurements of mean joint space width (JSW), narrowest join space (NJS) point and assessment of symptoms by the WOMAC questionnaire were performed at baseline and after three years in 212 subjects over 50 years with primary knee OA. RESULTS: At baseline, JSW and NJS were not significantly correlated with the scores recorded for the WOMAC global index or its pain, stiffness or function subscales. A statistically significant correlation was observed between the joint space narrowing over three years and the changes observed in the pain subscale of the WOMAC during the same period. The three-year changes in the global WOMAC index in patients within the lowest and the highest quartiles of mean joint space width at baseline showed, in both cases, a statistically (p<0.05) significant favorable difference between patients treated with glucosamine sulphate and those having received placebo. CONCLUSION: Radiographic and clinical progressions of the disease are significantly associated but the clinical relevance of the association is questionable. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessment of milk yield losses and subclinical mastitis risk factors using bulk milk somatic cell counts in dairy herds
Mtaallah, Brahim; Oubey, Zied; Hammami, Hedi ULg

in Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire (2002), 153(4), 251-260

A prospective study, involving 21 selected dairy farms in north of Tunisia, was conducted to asses the loss of milk production due to high levels bulk tank somatic cell count and to find some relationship ... [more ▼]

A prospective study, involving 21 selected dairy farms in north of Tunisia, was conducted to asses the loss of milk production due to high levels bulk tank somatic cell count and to find some relationship between risk factors and subclinical mastitis. We found that the mean of bulk milk somatic cell count was 626 103 cell/ml. Using a simple statistical model, the average loss of milk due to levels bulk tank somatic cell count was 524 kg per cow per year. Using method of mean comparisons, risk factors associated to high levels bulk tank somatic cell count was: Livestock farming risk factors : inadequacy bedding area; inadequacy cleaning bedding and scrapping area. Milking risk factors : washing teat with a shower no adjustable flow and without wipe with individuel towel milk shift work above five per cow-herd; no stripping squirts of milk before milking; milking healthy and mastitis cows at the same time; no teat dipping. [less ▲]

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See detailSyndrome du canal lent associe a une translocation autosomique 2q31-9p27.
Zeevaert, Bernard ULg; Hansen, Isabelle ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Revue Neurologique (2002), 158(5 Pt 1), 605-8

A 27-year-old man complained of cervicoscapular and forearm weakness and amyotrophy. Electromyographic evaluation showed neuromuscular transmission dysfunction and a repetitive compound muscle action ... [more ▼]

A 27-year-old man complained of cervicoscapular and forearm weakness and amyotrophy. Electromyographic evaluation showed neuromuscular transmission dysfunction and a repetitive compound muscle action potential to a single stimulus. Prostigmine did not improve neuromuscular transmission. The genetic analysis of the patient's lymphocytes demonstrated a chromosomic 2q31-9p27 translocation. The combination of the clinical and electrophysiological data as well as the lack of auto-immunity signs against neuromuscular junction constituents led to the diagnosis to congenital postsynaptic myasthenic syndrome also called slow channel syndrome. This congenital myasthenic syndrome is for the first time associated with an autosomal translocation 2q31-9p27. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental Validation Of The Constant Level Method For Identification Of Non-Linear Multi-Degree-Of-Freedom Systems
Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULg

in Journal of Sound & Vibration (2002), 258(5), 829-845

System identification for non-linear dynamical systems could find use in many applications such as condition monitoring, finite element model validation and determination of stability. The effectiveness ... [more ▼]

System identification for non-linear dynamical systems could find use in many applications such as condition monitoring, finite element model validation and determination of stability. The effectiveness of existing non-linear system identification techniques is limited by various factors such as the complexity of the system under investigation and the type of non-linearities present. In this work, the constant level identification approach, which can identify multi-degree-of-freedom systems featuring any type of non-linear function, including discontinuous functions, is validated experimentally. The method is shown to identify accurately an experimental dynamical system featuring two types of stiffness non-linearity. The full equations of motion are also extracted accurately, even in the presence of a discontinuous non-linearity. [less ▲]

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See detailObesity and liver disease.
Scheen, André ULg; Luyckx, Françoise ULg

in Best practice & research. Clinical endocrinology & metabolism (2002), 16(4), 703-16

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a disease of emerging identity and importance. It is frequently associated with obesity, especially visceral fat, and is intimately related to fatty liver and ... [more ▼]

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a disease of emerging identity and importance. It is frequently associated with obesity, especially visceral fat, and is intimately related to fatty liver and markers of the insulin resistance syndrome. Both the prevalence and the severity of liver steatosis are related to body mass index, waist circumference, hyperinsulinaemia, hypertriglyceridaemia and impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes. The identification of obese patients who may progress from steatosis to NASH and from NASH to fibrosis/cirrhosis is an important clinical challenge. Substantial weight loss is accompanied by a marked attenuation of insulin resistance and related metabolic syndrome and, concomitantly, by a remarkable regression of liver steatosis in most patients, although increased inflammation may be detected in some subjects. Thus, NASH may be considered as another disease of affluence, as is the insulin resistance syndrome, and perhaps being part of it, especially in obese patients. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification of bioindicator species among Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera in a survey of streams belonging to the rhithral classification in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Dohet, A.; Dolisy, D.; Hoffmann, L. et al

in Verhandlungen der Internationalen Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie = Proceedings of the International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology (2002), 28

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See detailLes privatisations d'entreprises publiques en économie de marché: quelques observations juridiques
Thirion, Nicolas ULg

in Chroniques de Droit Public = Publiekrechtelijke Kronieken (2002), 2

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See detailHu, Luojia , Estimation of a censored dynamic panel data model,Econometrica. Journal of the Econometric Society
Rochus, Pierre ULg

in Mathematical Reviews [=MR] (2002), 70(6), 2499--2517

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See detailPsychologie et histoire : une réflexion à double sens
Richelle, Marc ULg

in Anuario de Psicologia (2002), 33(2), 231-247

This reflection on the relations between psychology and history addresses four distinct issues. The first is the history of psychology: the importance of reference to the past, even if only to put current ... [more ▼]

This reflection on the relations between psychology and history addresses four distinct issues. The first is the history of psychology: the importance of reference to the past, even if only to put current research and theory into perspective. Second, the essential historical dimension of human is presented as a crucial aspect in defining the very object of psychological science; the "historical psychology" approach, specifically its French variety as represented by Ignace Meyerson's legacy, is breifly discussed. Third, the contribution of psychology to the work of historians is considered. Finally, the joint involvement of both psychology and history in contemporary society is discussed with reference to the use (and abuse) of history in the construction of collective identity and to the claims for repair for offenses and damages made in the past, echoed by the declarations of guilt on the part of their perpetrators, on more exactly their descendants. These issues are discussed in the light of psychological approaches to memory and forgetting. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude par spectroscopie de génération de la fréquence somme de l'interface méthanol-platine
Vidal, F.; Busson, B.; Six, C. et al

in J. Phys. IV France (2002), 12

La spectroscopie vibrationnelle non-linéaire par génération de la fréquence somme est une sonde particulièrement adaptée à l'étude des interfaces entre milieux denses. Cette technique a été appliquée à l ... [more ▼]

La spectroscopie vibrationnelle non-linéaire par génération de la fréquence somme est une sonde particulièrement adaptée à l'étude des interfaces entre milieux denses. Cette technique a été appliquée à l'étude de l'interface électrochimique monocristal de platine/solution acide de méthanol, système qui constitue un modèle de pile à combustible, dispositif où l'énergie chimique est directement convertie en énergie électrique. Les propriétés vibrationnelles dépendent fortement de l'orientation cristallographique de l'électrode de platine. [less ▲]

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See detailValeurs de références de l’analyse en mode multi-MUP du multifidus dorso-lombaire
TOMASELLA, Marco ULg; CRIELAARD, Jean-Michel ULg; WANG, François-Charles ULg

in Neurophysiologie Clinique = Clinical Neurophysiology (2002)

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See detailCoastal and Estuarine Fine Sediment Processes (book review)
Grégoire, Marilaure ULg

in Journal of Marine Systems (2002), 37

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See detailMicro-organismes pathogènes et viande : la traçabilité alliée de la sécurité.
Daube, Georges ULg

in Extrait du Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège (2002), 1

Meat microbial contamination is frequent in relation to the multiple sources of contamination farm the farm to the fork. These potential hazards must be considered in term of real risk for the consumer ... [more ▼]

Meat microbial contamination is frequent in relation to the multiple sources of contamination farm the farm to the fork. These potential hazards must be considered in term of real risk for the consumer. Thus, each microbiological hazard must be c1assified by scientists by on going probability and by disease gravity. Belgium has developed a high quality surveillance system for the zoonotic agents along the meat production chain. Today, the authorities must make the adequate choices for prevention and communication about these risks. [less ▲]

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See detailElectrical characterization of InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum-well structures by thermal admittance spectroscopy
Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Schmeits, Marcel; Germain, Marianne et al

in Physica Status Solidi C. Current Topics in Solid State Physics (2002)

Experimental results of electrical characterization of InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum-well electrolu- minescence test structures obtained by thermal admittance spectroscopy are presented. The stu- died GaN ... [more ▼]

Experimental results of electrical characterization of InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum-well electrolu- minescence test structures obtained by thermal admittance spectroscopy are presented. The stu- died GaN : Mg/5 × (InGaN/GaN)/GaN:Si structures were grown on c-plane sapphire substrate by metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy. Admittance measurements were conducted from room tem- perature down to 125 K for a wide frequency range and for different applied bias voltages. Analy- sis of the capacitance versus frequency curves shows the presence of several cutoff frequencies which originate from the response of equivalent RC series circuits and give peaks in the conduc- tance divided by angular frequency. The dependence of the position and the amplitude of these peaks on temperature is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailAmélioration des ovins dans l'Ouémé et le Plateau en République du Bénin. Enjeux des croisements des ovins Djallonké avec les moutons du Sahel
Gbangboche, A. B.; Abiola, F. A.; Laporte, J.-P. et al

in Tropicultura (2002), 20(2), 70-75

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See detailComment je traite.... Un pityriasis rubra pilaire.
Fraiture, A. L.; Braham, C.; Pierard, Claudine ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(6), 363-5

Pityriasis rubra pilaris is a syndrome of unknown etiology. Six distinct clinical types have been described in infancy and adulthood. Oral retinoids have proven their efficacy. Emollients and topical ... [more ▼]

Pityriasis rubra pilaris is a syndrome of unknown etiology. Six distinct clinical types have been described in infancy and adulthood. Oral retinoids have proven their efficacy. Emollients and topical calcipotriol may improve the clinical presentation. [less ▲]

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See detailComputed tomographic findings in 35 dogs with nasal aspergillosis
Saunders, J. H.; Zonderland, J. L.; Clercx, Cécile ULg et al

in Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound (2002), 43(1, JAN-FEB), 5-9

The purpose of this study was to describe the computed tomographic (CT) features of nasal aspergillosis in dogs. Initial (n = 35) and follow-up (n = 12) CT images were available from 35 dogs. The most ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to describe the computed tomographic (CT) features of nasal aspergillosis in dogs. Initial (n = 35) and follow-up (n = 12) CT images were available from 35 dogs. The most commonly encountered CT findings were (1) moderate to severe cavitary destruction of the turbinates with presence of a variable amount of abnormal soft tissue in the nasal passages, (2) non-specific thickening of the mucosa adjacent to the inner surface of bones of the frontal sinus, maxillary recess and nasal cavity and, (3) thickened reactive bone. The findings were consistent with a disease initially affecting one nasal cavity then progressing into the ipsilateral frontal sinus, the contralateral nasal cavity and the contralateral frontal sinus. Two dogs with associated nasal foreign body had a more localized invasion of the nasal cavity. Attenuation values and contrast enhancement were not specific. With follow-up examinations, a reduction in the amount of abnormal soft tissue was observed in all dogs except one, but this reduction could not be quantified. [less ▲]

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See detailL'image du mois. Sclérose tubéreuse de Bourneville.
Garcia, Roy; Arrese Estrada, Jorge ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(7), 425-7

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See detailPhylogeny and Morphological Evolution of the Amblystegiaceae (Bryopsida)
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Hedenäs, L.; Cox, C. J. et al

in Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution (2002), 23

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See detailDevelopment of a two-color picosecond optical parametric oscillator, pumped by a Nd:YAG laser mode locked using a nonlinear mirror, for doubly-resonant sum frequency generation spectroscopy
Mani, A. A.; Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Humbert, C. et al

in Surface Science (2002), 502-503

We step up a doubly-resonant sum frequency generation (DR-SFG) spectrometer based on the use of an all-solid-state flash-lamp-pumped Nd:YAG laser that synchronously pumps two parametric oscillators ... [more ▼]

We step up a doubly-resonant sum frequency generation (DR-SFG) spectrometer based on the use of an all-solid-state flash-lamp-pumped Nd:YAG laser that synchronously pumps two parametric oscillators. Pulses as short as 12 ps FWHM are generated by mode locking a Nd:YAG oscillator using a frequency doubling nonlinear mirror combined with a two-photon absorber. The available pump power is shared between a LiNbO3/AgGaS2 optical parametric oscillator (OPO), tunable from 3800 to 1100cm-1 and a BBO OPO tunable from 410 to 2600 nm. Spectral resolution and pulse are 2 and 3 cm-1 in the infrared and visible spectral ranges, respectively. First DR-SFG spectra of self-assembled monolayers on Au are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailLa reconnaissance et le financement de la laïcité (II)
Husson, Jean-François ULg; Sägesser, Caroline

in Courrier Hebdomadaire du CRISP (2002), (1760), 3-52

This paper details the administrative organisation and financial support for the various organisations and services from the Belgian free thinkers, after an official recognition on a footing quite similar ... [more ▼]

This paper details the administrative organisation and financial support for the various organisations and services from the Belgian free thinkers, after an official recognition on a footing quite similar to the one of religious denominations. [less ▲]

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See detailLe médicament du mois. Le tacrolimus topique (Protopic).
Pierard, Gérald ULg; Pierard, Claudine ULg; Paquet, Philippe ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(8), 552-5

Tacrolimus is a potent inhibitor of immune mechanisms. It belongs to the macrolactam group. It inhibits the release of both Th1 and Th2 cytokines. It proves to be efficacious after topical application in ... [more ▼]

Tacrolimus is a potent inhibitor of immune mechanisms. It belongs to the macrolactam group. It inhibits the release of both Th1 and Th2 cytokines. It proves to be efficacious after topical application in the treatment of atopic dermatitis. In this indication, tacrolimus challenges topical corticosteroids. Irritation risks are present. The local immuno-depression can boost disseminated infections including herpes. The risk to promote photocarcinogenesis on the long term, and that bound to chronic resorption remain theoretical concerns that have not been assessed so far. [less ▲]

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See detailTaxonomic assessment, distribution, and ecology of Tortula vahliana var. minor (Pottiaceae, Bryopsida)
Andriessen, L.; Nagels, C.; Arts, T. et al

in Journal of Bryology (2002), 24

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See detailSubclinical speckled perifollicular melanosis of the scalp.
Petit, Ludivine; Saint Leger, Didier; Loussouarn, Genevieve et al

in European Journal of Dermatology (2002), 12(6), 565-8

Based on the clinical presentation of some skin pigmentation disorders it is thought that a bicompartmental functional system exists in the epidermal melanocyte population. It corresponds to the ... [more ▼]

Based on the clinical presentation of some skin pigmentation disorders it is thought that a bicompartmental functional system exists in the epidermal melanocyte population. It corresponds to the perifollicular and interfollicular compartments, respectively. The present study was undertaken looking for the presence of such a system on scalp unaffected by pigmentary disorders. The scalps of 100 men with incipient to severe androgenic alopecia were examined using a videocamera equipped with an internal ultraviolet light-emitting unit. The face, trunk and limbs were similarly examined in 45 of these adults and in 13 children of both sexes. In 92 men, a subclinical hypermelanosis was found as a speckled pattern centered on every single follicle. With increasing baldness severity, another epidermal hyperpigmentation pattern involving the interfollicular area was superimposed to the perifollicular pattern. These stereotyped patterns of subclinical melanoderma were also disclosed on the face of adults, but not in children. In addition, the spotty perifollicular pattern was discrete or not apparent on the other parts of the body. It is concluded that the perifollicular subclinical melanotic pattern is a regional characteristic of cephalic skin, perhaps related to the local production of melanocortins, particularly alpha-MSH by the pilosebaceous unit. [less ▲]

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See detailComposition de la carcasse, qualité de viande et exploitation du Piétrain stress négatif
Youssao, A. K. L.; Verleyen, Vincent ULg; Michaux, Charles ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2002), 146(6), 329-338

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See detailApplication de Pichia anomala souche K, Beta 1,3-glucanes et chlorure de Calcium pour le contrôle des maladies de conservation des pommes en conditions proches de la pratique
Jijakli, Haissam ULg; Dickburt, C.; De Clerck, D. et al

in Colloque transnational sur les luttes biologiques, intégrée et raisonnée (2002)

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See detailCyclin-dependent kinase-2 controls oligodendrocyte progenitor cell cycle progression and is downregulated in adult oligodendrocyte progenitors.
Belachew, Shibeshih ULg; Aguirre, Adan A.; Wang, Hang et al

in Journal of Neuroscience (2002), 22(19), 8553-62

Proliferation of oligodendrocyte progenitor (OP) cells is a crucial process controlling myelination in the CNS. Previous studies demonstrated a correlation between OP proliferation rate and cyclin E ... [more ▼]

Proliferation of oligodendrocyte progenitor (OP) cells is a crucial process controlling myelination in the CNS. Previous studies demonstrated a correlation between OP proliferation rate and cyclin E/cyclin-dependent kinase-2 (cdk2) activity. To establish a causal link between cyclin E/cdk2 activity and OP proliferation, we selectively modulated cdk2 activity in vitro by transfection of cultured OP cells. Dominant-negative (Dn)-cdk2 overexpression inhibited mitogen-induced OP cell proliferation, whereas wild-type (wt)-cdk2 prevented cell cycle arrest caused by anti-mitotic signals. Dn-cdk2- or wt-cdk2-mediated regulation of G(1)/S transition, per se, did not influence initiation of OP differentiation. To study the function of cyclin E/cdk2 in OP cells during development in vivo, we analyzed cdk2 and cyclin E expression in cells acutely isolated from transgenic mice expressing the green fluorescent protein (GFP) under the control of the 2'-3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase gene promoter. Both cyclin E/cdk2 protein levels and activity were decreased in GFP(+) oligodendrocyte lineage cells between postnatal days 4 and 30. Immunostaining of NG2(+)/GFP(+) OP cells in brain tissue sections showed a 90% decrease in overall cell proliferation and cdk2 expression between perinatal and adult cells. However, cdk2 expression within the proliferating (i.e., expressing the proliferating cell nuclear antigen) OP cell population was maintained throughout development. Our data indicate that: (1) cyclin E/cdk2 activity plays a pivotal function in OP cell cycle decisions occurring at G(1)/S checkpoint; (2) initiation of OP differentiation is independent of cyclinE/cdk2 checkpoint, and (3) intrinsic differences in cyclin E/cdk2 expression and activity may underlie the slowly proliferative state that characterizes so-called "quiescent" adult OP cells in vivo. [less ▲]

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See detailEtalonnage de la figure complexe de Rey sur une population d’enfants de six à douze ans
Garcet, Serge ULg; Deltour, Jean-Jacques; Remacle, Michel

in Revue Scientifique de l'AIGS (2002), 1

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See detailMultidisciplinary study of the Wealden deposits in the Mons Basin (Belgium): a progress report.
Yans, J; Spagna, P; Foucher, JC et al

in Aardkungigen Mededelingen (2002), 12

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See detailDNA immunisation. New histochemical and morphometric data.
Ehirchiou, D.; Zorzi, Willy ULg; Biemans, R. et al

in European Journal of Histochemistry (2002), 46(3), 215-22

Splenic germinal center reactions were measured during primary response to a plasmidic DNA intramuscular injection. Cardiotoxin-pretreated Balb/c mice were immunized with DNA plasmids encodmg or not the ... [more ▼]

Splenic germinal center reactions were measured during primary response to a plasmidic DNA intramuscular injection. Cardiotoxin-pretreated Balb/c mice were immunized with DNA plasmids encodmg or not the SAG1 protein, a membrane antigen of Toxoplasma gondii. Specific anti-SAG1 antibodies were detected on days 16 and 36 after injection of coding plasmids. The results of ELISAs showed that the SAG1-specific antibodies are of the IgG2a class. Morphometric analyses were done on serial immunostained cryosections of spleen and draining or non-draining lymph nodes. This new approach made it possible to evaluate the chronological changes induced by DNA immunisation in the germinal centres (in number and in size). Significant increases in the number of germinal centres were measured in the spleen and only in draining lymph nodes after plasmid injection, the measured changes of the germinal centers appeared to result from the adjuvant stimulatory effect of the plasmidic DNA since both the coding and the noncoding plasmid DNA induced them. No measurable changes were recorded in the T-dependent zone of lymph organs. [less ▲]

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See detailPerspectives de dialogue entre des neuromédiateurs et les kératinocytes.
Pierard-Franchimont, Claudine ULg; Faska, N.; Nikkels, Arjen ULg et al

in Dermatologie Actualité (2002), 65

Les neuromédiateurs contrôlant l’activité de l’axe hypothalamo-hypophysaire sont aussi exprimés dans la peau. D’autres neuromédiateurs liés au stress le sont également. En fait, près d’une vingtaine de ... [more ▼]

Les neuromédiateurs contrôlant l’activité de l’axe hypothalamo-hypophysaire sont aussi exprimés dans la peau. D’autres neuromédiateurs liés au stress le sont également. En fait, près d’une vingtaine de ces molécules sont synthétisées in situ et sont connues pour avoir des récepteurs spécifiques et exprimer une activité biologique dans cet organe. Certaines exercent un impact fonctionnel sur les kératinocytes. Il s’agit en fait de systèmes paracrines neuro-kératinocytaires et autocrines par lesquels les kératinocytes expriment de nombreux récepteurs pour les neuromédiateurs qu’ils libèrent eux-mêmes. [less ▲]

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See detailWilliam S. Burroughs: Du cut-up au simulacre
Claisse, Frédéric ULg

in Réseaux : Revue Interdisciplinaire de Philosophie Morale et Politique (2002), (94-95-96), 151-174

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See detailFrontal hypometabolism does not explain inhibitory dysfunction in Alzheimer disease
Collette, Fabienne ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Delrue, Gaël ULg et al

in Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders (2002), 16(4, Oct-Dec), 228-238

A series of tasks assessing inhibitory processes was administered to patients with Alzheimer disease and control subjects. Two groups of patients with Alzheimer disease were examined: patients with ... [more ▼]

A series of tasks assessing inhibitory processes was administered to patients with Alzheimer disease and control subjects. Two groups of patients with Alzheimer disease were examined: patients with hypometabolism restricted to the posterior (temporal and parietal) cerebral areas and patients with hypometabolism in both posterior and anterior (frontal) cerebral areas. The performances of the patients with Alzheimer disease were inferior to those of control subjects on all inhibitory tasks, but the two groups of patients obtained similar scores. These data indicate that frontal lobe hypometabolism is not necessary to produce inhibitory impairment in Alzheimer disease. Consequently, inhibitory dysfunction could be the consequence of a (partial) disconnection process between posterior and anterior cerebral areas. [less ▲]

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See detail2-Alkyl-3-alkylamino-2H-benzo- and pyridothiadiazine 1,1-dioxides: from K+ATP channel openers to Ca++ channel blockers?
Ouedraogo, R.; Becker, B.; Boverie, S. et al

in Biological Chemistry (2002), 383

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See detailEvolution pluviométrique et relation inondations – événements pluvieux au Sénégal
Sene, Souleymane; Ozer, Pierre ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2002), 42

Since the late 1960s, Senegal suffered from the dramatic drought which affected all the Sahel of West Africa. Thirty years later, rainfall amounts well above the 1961-1990 average may announce the end of ... [more ▼]

Since the late 1960s, Senegal suffered from the dramatic drought which affected all the Sahel of West Africa. Thirty years later, rainfall amounts well above the 1961-1990 average may announce the end of this period of aridity. Together with this rainfall increase, floods have been reported in most Senegalese cities in 1999, 2000 and 2001. Because of these floods, many affected areas have been abandoned and stricken population has to be rehoused in precarious conditions. Most analysts consider these floods as a new phenomenon, never observed before, and they are blamed on the exceptional heavy daily rainfall. Analysing the relationship between floods and rainfall events in 1999 et 2000, it appears that rainfall amounts responsible for the beginning of each flood are far to be exceptional. However, the vulnerability of the Senegalese cities facing the risk of flood seems to have increased as a result of urban mismanagement. [less ▲]

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See detailMore on generalized automatic sequences
Rigo, Michel ULg; Maes, Arnaud

in Journal of Automata, Languages and Combinatorics (2002), 7

We give some generalizations of $k$-automatic sequences replacing the $k$-ary system by an abstract numeration system on a regular language. We study some of the closure properties of these sequences and ... [more ▼]

We give some generalizations of $k$-automatic sequences replacing the $k$-ary system by an abstract numeration system on a regular language. We study some of the closure properties of these sequences and the possible extension to the multidimensional case or to infinite alphabets. The equivalence of these sequences and morphic predicates is given and the relationship to recognizability is also investigated. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro and in vivo effects of new insulin releasing agents
Nguyen, Q. A.; Antoine, M. H.; Ouedraogo, R. et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (2002)

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See detailQuel statut pour l'embryon et le foetus dans le champ juridique belge?
Leleu, Yves-Henri ULg; Langenaken, Evelyne ULg

in Journal des Tribunaux (2002)

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See detailStudy of the early abortion in reciprocal crosses between Phaseolus vulgaris L. and Phaseolus polyanthus Greenm
Geerts, P.; Toussaint, André ULg; Mergeai, Guy ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2002), 6(2), 109-119

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See detailApercu nosologique du spectre des histiocytoses cutanees. Plus ca change, plus c'est la meme chose.
Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Hermanns-Lê, Trinh ULg; Arrese Estrada, Jorge ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(11), 715-8

Histiocytes belong to distinct groups of cells. Similarly, histiocytoses represent some pathologic expressions of the various histiocyte lineages recognized by their distinct phenotypes. The recognition ... [more ▼]

Histiocytes belong to distinct groups of cells. Similarly, histiocytoses represent some pathologic expressions of the various histiocyte lineages recognized by their distinct phenotypes. The recognition of four major histiocytosis types relies on the distinction between monocytes-macrophages, dermal dendrocytes, Langerhans cells and the so-called indeterminate cells. Each of these groups exhibits a distinctive clinical and histological presentation. The risk of internal involvement, the prognosis and therapy are different as well. The diagnostic mainly relies on the clinico-pathologic assessment, and more particularly on the combination of histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural examinations. [less ▲]

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