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See detailUse of two pregnancy-associated glycoprotein RIA's for pregnancy diagnosis in white-tailed deer
Osborn, D. A.; Beckers, Jean-François ULg; Sulon, Joseph ULg et al

in Journal of Wildlife Management (1996), 60(2), 388-393

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See detailComment j'explore ... une suspicion de cancer broncho-pulmonaire par tomographie a émission de positrons
Bury, Thierry ULg; Paulus, Patrick; Weber, Thierry et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(4), 317-9

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See detailOligomerization and copolymerization of γ-butyrolactone - a monomer known as unable to homopolymerize, 1. Copolymerization with epsilon-caprolactone
Duda, Andrzej; Penczek, Stanislaw; Dubois, Philippe ULg et al

in Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics (1996), 197(4), 1273-1283

Copolymerization of γ-butyrolactone (γBL) with ε-caprolactone (εCL) initiated with aluminium isopropoxide trimer ([Al(OiPr)3 ]3, (A3)) is described. Copolymers with molecular weights ( ) up to 3 ; 104 and ... [more ▼]

Copolymerization of γ-butyrolactone (γBL) with ε-caprolactone (εCL) initiated with aluminium isopropoxide trimer ([Al(OiPr)3 ]3, (A3)) is described. Copolymers with molecular weights ( ) up to 3 ; 104 and containing up to 43 mol-% repeating units derived from γBL are prepared. Their molecular weight is controlled by the concentrations of the consumed comonomers and the starting concentration of initiator { = (86.09 ; [γBL]c + 114.14 ; [εCL]0)/3[Al(OiPr)3] + 60.10}. 13C NMR and DSC data are indicative of a pseudoperiodic or random copolymer structure. [less ▲]

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See detailLaparoscopic-Assisted Colectomy in Heart Transplant Recipients
Detry, Olivier ULg; Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg; Chiche, Jean-Daniel et al

in Clinical Transplantation (1996), 10(2), 191-4

Reports of laparoscopy in heart graft recipients are scarce and, to our knowledge, laparoscopic colectomy has not yet been reported in heart transplant patients. The magnitude and the tolerance of the ... [more ▼]

Reports of laparoscopy in heart graft recipients are scarce and, to our knowledge, laparoscopic colectomy has not yet been reported in heart transplant patients. The magnitude and the tolerance of the hemodynamic changes induced by pneumoperitoneum are unknown in heart graft recipients, who have a denervated heart and are "preload-dependent". The authors report the clinical courses of 2 heart graft recipients who developed acute diverticulitis without perforation or peritonitis and who underwent laparoscopic-assisted colectomy without complications. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of modeled and empirical approaches for retrieving columnar water vapor from solar transmittance measurements in the 0.94 micrometer region
Schmid, B; Thome, K.J.; Demoulin, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research (1996), 101

Four atmospheric transmittance models, LOWTRAN 7, MODTRAN 3, FASCOD3P, and the Thomason model, are investigated to quantify the relationship between water vapor transmittance as function of water vapor ... [more ▼]

Four atmospheric transmittance models, LOWTRAN 7, MODTRAN 3, FASCOD3P, and the Thomason model, are investigated to quantify the relationship between water vapor transmittance as function of water vapor amount, Tw (U), for an instrument specific band pass in the 0.94-um region. In a second step an empirical Tw (U) function is established using long term measurements with our high-precision Sun photometer (SPM) in Bern, Switzerland along with 1300 simultaneous and collocated water vapor retrievals performed with a dual-channel microwave radiometer (MWR). In order to avoid a possible bias in the empirical Tw(U) function, the MWR data set is prescreened by comparing retrievals coincident with radiosonde ascents. Over a 2 1/2-year period of common observations, radiosondes and PM agreed to within 0.19 cm (13%) of columnar water vapor (CWV) using the empirical Tw (U) relationship. Completely independent comparisons with an additional MWR and two Fourier transform spectrometers yielded agreement within 13% and 9%, respectively. Comparing empirical and modeled results, we found that with respect to the experimental data, LOWTRAN 7, MODTRAN 3, and FASCOD3P reported higher water vapor transmittances over almost the entire range of realistic absorber amounts. By relating these differences to differences in retrieved CWV for the case of two standard atmospheres, we found that using Tw (U) predicted by LOWTRAN 7, MODTRAN 3, and FASCOD3P leads to an overestimate of CWV by about 18-30%, 7-20%, and 2-18%, respectively. The Thomason model yields good agreement with respect to the experimental data up to medium absorber amounts, whereas at slant path amounts larger than 10 cm, errors up to 60% in retrieved CWV occurred. We also show in this work that a misinterpretation of the LOWTRAN 7 water vapor output counterbalances incorrectly predicted Tw, leading to results that agree well with experimental ones [less ▲]

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See detailAutologous Blood Donation Plus Epoetin Alfa in Nonanemic Orthopedic Surgery Patients
Baudoux, Etienne ULg

in Seminars in Hematology (1996), 33(2 Suppl 2), 31-233

Intravenous (i.v.) administration of epoetin alfa facilitates the collection of autologous blood (AB) prior to elective orthopedic surgery. However, the optimum dose and dosage regimen remains to be ... [more ▼]

Intravenous (i.v.) administration of epoetin alfa facilitates the collection of autologous blood (AB) prior to elective orthopedic surgery. However, the optimum dose and dosage regimen remains to be defined. The aim of this multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled study was to determine the optimum i.v. dose of epoetin alfa (300 IU/kg or 600 IU/kg) that would allow nonanemic patients to donate > or = 4 units of AB within 14 to 21 days of elective orthopedic surgery. All patients (n = 103) received oral iron supplementation and were treated with epoetin alfa or placebo three times during 1 week, within 3 weeks of surgery. Eighty patients were evaluable in the efficacy analysis. Compared with placebo, significantly more evaluable patients treated with epoetin alfa were able to donate > or = 4 AB units. Furthermore, epoetin alfa dose-dependently increased the preoperative reticulocyte count and attenuated the decrease in hematocrit associated with AB predonation. There was no significant difference with respect to allogeneic blood exposure between the epoetin alfa and placebo treatment groups. In addition, the 600 IU/kg dose was not significantly more effective than the 300 IU/kg dose for most efficacy parameters assessed. Several patients became iron-deficient, suggesting that oral supplementation is not an adequate source of iron in these patients. Epoetin alfa 300 IU/kg therefore appears to be the optimum i.v. dose for facilitating the collection of > or = 4 units of AB within 14 to 21 days of elective orthopedic surgery. [less ▲]

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See detailMacromolecular engineering of polylactones and polylactides. 19. Kinetics of ring-opening polymerization of epsilon-caprolactone initiated with functional aluminum alkoxides
Dubois, Philippe ULg; Ropson, Nathalie; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Macromolecules (1996), 29(6), 1965-1975

End-functional aliphatic polyesters have been synthesized by ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of epsilon-caprolactone (epsilon-CL) and lactides (LA). Polymerization initiated with any of the functional ... [more ▼]

End-functional aliphatic polyesters have been synthesized by ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of epsilon-caprolactone (epsilon-CL) and lactides (LA). Polymerization initiated with any of the functional aluminum alkoxides of the general structure Et(3-p)Al(OCH(2)X)(p), where p = 1 and 3, obeys a living ''coordination-insertion'' mechanism, under suitable conditions (temperature, concentration, and solvent), with the formation of alpha-functional chains of a predictable molecular weight. A kinetic study has emphasized the importance of the cyclic monomer (epsilon-CL or LA) and the key role of the initiator structure: the number of functional alkoxides per aluminum and the nature of the functional group (X = CH2Br, (CH2)(2)CH=CH2, (CH2)(2)NEt(2)). Activation enthalpy and entropy have been calculated for the epsilon-CL polymerization initiated by several aluminum alkoxides at various temperatures. The effects of solvent (toluene or tetrahydrofuran) and purification of the aluminum monoalkoxides by distillation under reduced pressure have also been considered. [less ▲]

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See detailTerritorial and non-territorial spawning behaviour in the bream
Poncin, Pascal ULg; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULg; Ruwet, J. C.

in Journal of Fish Biology (1996), 49(4), 622-626

The spawning behaviour of bream Abramis brama was studied in 1993, in a harbour on the River Meuse, Belgium. Fish spaced from 22 to 27 April and from 11 to 14 May, when the water temperature rose to 14.5 ... [more ▼]

The spawning behaviour of bream Abramis brama was studied in 1993, in a harbour on the River Meuse, Belgium. Fish spaced from 22 to 27 April and from 11 to 14 May, when the water temperature rose to 14.5 degrees C. The reproductive behaviour of the bream was studied within a 15 m long part of the harbour using a video camera. Territorial males with tubercles (33-43 cm total length; > 5 years old) defended bank areas of diameter 80-150 cm which included spawning substratum, i.e. roots of alder and willow trees and aquatic plants. Water depth ranged from 25 to 50 cm. Non-territorial males without tubercles (24-33 cm; 3-4 years old), remained 2-4 m away from the bank. Aggressive behaviour between males was frequent and, occasionally, males with tubercles were unable to defend a territory. Mature females (25-43 cm; > 3 years old), coming from the deeper water of the surrounding area, were followed by non-territorial males before spawning in territories near the bank. (C) 1996 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles [less ▲]

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See detailImproved Four-Color Flow Cytometry Method Using Fluo-3 and Triple Immunofluorescence for Analysis of Intracellular Calcium Ion ([Ca2+]I) Fluxes among Mouse Lymph Node B- and T-Lymphocyte Subsets
Greimers, Roland ULg; Trebak, M.; Moutschen, Michel ULg et al

in Cytometry (1996), 23(3), 205-17

A visible-light, dual-laser, flow cytometric method was developed for the simultaneous analysis of intracellular ionized calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) and three cell-surface markers (CD4, CD8, and Thy-1 ... [more ▼]

A visible-light, dual-laser, flow cytometric method was developed for the simultaneous analysis of intracellular ionized calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) and three cell-surface markers (CD4, CD8, and Thy-1.2 antigens) by using the calcium probe fluo-3 and using R-phycoerythrin (PE), peridinin chlorophyll-alpha protein (PerCP), and allophycocyanin (APC) conjugated monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs). This improved method was used in the analysis of [Ca2+]i mobilization upon in vitro stimulation with mitogenic lectins [phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) or concanavalin A (ConA)], anti-CD3 MoAbs, or A23187 calcium ionophore in the heterogeneous lymph node cell populations from healthy C57BL/Ka mice. The present results show that the calcium responses were heterogeneous and dependent on the cellular immunophenotype, not only on lectins or anti-CD3 MoAbs stimulation, but also on the receptor-independent A23187 ionophore stimulation. An in situ fluo-3 calibration method (using A23187 and metabolic poisons in Ca2+ /EGTA buffers with known free calcium concentrations) indicated a resting [Ca2+]i in lymphocytes of 103 +/- 23 nM (mean +/- S.D.) but with significant differences between the [Ca2+]i in B cells and in all of the T-cell subsets (CD4+Thy-1+, CD4+Thy-1-, and CD8+T cells). Both the B cells and the T-cell subsets showed an increase of fluo-3 fluorescence upon in vitro stimulation with ConA or PHA, but the calcium mobilization following lectin stimulation was time delayed in all T-cell subsets. Only the T cells, including the CD4+Thy-1- subset, responded to anti-CD3 MoAbs. The percentage of responding cells upon stimulation with ConA was higher in T cells than in B cells. By contrast, PHA gave a higher response in B cells. After stimulation with different mitogens, [Ca2+]i increased in both CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell subsets. However, the percentage of responding cells was far higher in the CD4+Thy-1+ subset than in the CD4+Thy-1- or the CD8+T-cell subsets. The stimulation with A23187 ionophore induced a higher calcium response in B cells than in T cells. Interestingly, it also induced greater Ca2+ mobilization in CD4+ than in CD8+T cells. These results demonstrate the potential use of fluo-3 simultaneously with three fluorescein (FITC)-compatible fluorochromes. This technique may be useful for investigating the role of the CD4+Thy-1-T cells, a rare subset that is abnormally expanded in a murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (murine AIDS). [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of the Solitary Pulmonary Nodule by Positron Emission Tomography Imaging
BURY, Thierry ULg; Dowlati, A.; Paulus, P. et al

in European Respiratory Journal (1996), 9(3), 410-4

Current noninvasive imaging methods are not sufficiently reliable for accurate detection of malignancy in most solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs). Positron emission tomography (PET) using 18 ... [more ▼]

Current noninvasive imaging methods are not sufficiently reliable for accurate detection of malignancy in most solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs). Positron emission tomography (PET) using 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), showing increased FDG uptake and retention in malignant cells, has proved useful to differentiate malignant from benign tissue and could, therefore, contribute to the evaluation of the SPN. We performed a prospective study of 50 patients referred to the Pneumology Department with unclear diagnoses of SPN after conventional radiological screening. PET study was performed on each subject before an invasive procedure was proposed. Thirty three patients had a malignant nodule and 17 had a benign nodule. The mean size of malignant nodule was 3 cm (range 1.5-4.5 cm). All showed a marked increase in 18-FDG uptake. The mean size of benign nodule was 1.8 cm (range 0.5-3.5 cm). PET imaging showed the absence of 18-FDG uptake and correctly identified 15 of 17 benign nodules. There was two false-positive cases with a moderate increase in 18-FDG uptake (1 postprimary tuberculosis; and 1 anthracosilicotic nodule with nonspecific inflammation). At present, the sensitivity and specificity of the method are 100 and 88%, respectively. The positive and negative predictive values of PET imaging for SPNs are 94 and 100%, respectively. Our preliminary results demonstrate that PET-FDG imaging is a noninvasive technique, which appears highly accurate in differentiating malignant SPN from benign SPN. [less ▲]

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See detailAnthropologie de l'adolescence
Stassart, Martine ULg

in Cahiers du CEP. Centre d'Etudes Pathoanalytiques (1996), 7(1), 13-37

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See detailIdentification and overexpression in Escherichia coli of a Mycobacterium leprae gene, pon1, encoding a high-molecular-mass class A penicillin-binding protein, PBP1
Basu, Joyoti; Mahapatra, Sebabrata; Kundu, Manikuntala et al

in Journal of Bacteriology (1996), 178(6), 1707-1711

Cosmid B577, a member of the collection of ordered clones corresponding to the genome of Mycobacterium leprae, contains a gene, provisionally called pon1, that encodes an 821-amino-acid-residue high ... [more ▼]

Cosmid B577, a member of the collection of ordered clones corresponding to the genome of Mycobacterium leprae, contains a gene, provisionally called pon1, that encodes an 821-amino-acid-residue high-molecular-mass class A penicillin-binding protein, provisionally called PBP1. With similar amino acid sequences and modular designs, M. leprae PBP1 is related to Escherichia coli PBP1a and PBP1b, bienzymatic proteins with transglycosylase and transpeptidase activities. When produced in E. coli, His tag-labelled derivatives of M. leprae PBP1 adopt the correct membrane topology, with the bulk of the polypeptide chain on the surface of the plasma membrane. They defy attempts at solubilization with all the detergents tested except cetyltrimethylammonium bromide. The solubilized PBP1 derivatives can be purified by affinity chromatography on Ni2+-nitrilotriacetic acid agarose. They have low affinities for the usual penicillins and cephalosporins. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois. Syndrome de Moskowitz chez une patiente traitée par ticlopidine
Franchimont, D.; Frere, Pascale ULg; Lebrun, F. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(3), 214-6

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See detailEffects of Ipriflavone and Its Metabolites on Human Articular Chondrocytes Cultivated in Clusters
Bassleer, C. T.; Franchimont, P. P.; Henrotin, Y. E. et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (1996), 4

Ipriflavone (IP) is an isoflavone derivative that was suggested to have bone-sparing effects in post-menopausal and senile osteoporosis. A moderate stimulatory effect of IP and its metabolites on ... [more ▼]

Ipriflavone (IP) is an isoflavone derivative that was suggested to have bone-sparing effects in post-menopausal and senile osteoporosis. A moderate stimulatory effect of IP and its metabolites on proliferation of osteoblastic cells was reported in rat osteoblastic osteosarcoma cell line. We investigated the effects of different concentrations (0, 1, 10 and 100 micrograms/ml) of IP and its metabolites (MET I, II, III and V) on the incorporation of [3H] thymidine and production of proteoglycans (PG) and type II collagen (COL II) by human articular chondrocytes during a 12-day period, in a three-dimensional chondrocyte culture model. [3H]thymidine uptake was measured in chondrocyte clusters, and specific PG and COL II radioimmunoassays were performed every 4 days on the culture medium and cell clusters. Incubation with IP or its metabolites did not affect [3H]thymidine uptake regardless of the dose. PG released into the culture medium and PG cluster content rose significantly (P < 0.025) in presence of IP (1, 10 and 100 micrograms/ml). MET I increased PG release in culture medium (10 and 100 micrograms/ml) and PG cluster content (100 micrograms/ml). MET II has no effect on PG production. MET III increased PG in culture medium (100 microgram/ml) but did not influence PG cluster content while MET V (100 micrograms/ml) increased both PG release in culture medium and PG cluster content. COL II release in culture medium and COL II cluster content were significantly (P < 0.025) increased in presence of IP (10 and 100 micrograms/ml), MET III (1, 10 and 100 micrograms/ml) or MET V (100 micrograms/ml). MET I and II did not significantly affect COL II production. [less ▲]

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See detailIn one step from KC1 to YBa2Cu3O7 crystal growth: Understanding of dendritic morphology in crystals
Ausloos, Marcel ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Cloots, Rudi ULg

in Philosophical Magazine Letters (1996), 73(3), 101-105

A dendritic morphology of crystals is often encountered in nature and seems to be a universal structure for systems grown from supersaturated solutions such as KC1 or NaC1. The observation of similar ... [more ▼]

A dendritic morphology of crystals is often encountered in nature and seems to be a universal structure for systems grown from supersaturated solutions such as KC1 or NaC1. The observation of similar dendrites in bulk superconducting YBa2Cu307 covalent material leads us to correlate the cases. From a simple new kinetics mechanism, the understanding of such a crystal-growth peculiarity is discussed. The kinetic mechanism condition for the occurrence of dendritic shapes of growing crystals from multiphase systems is given through a relationship between the velocity of the growth front and classical thermodynamical quantities. Some simulated systems illustrate the observed features. [less ▲]

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See detailL'apport du Szondi à l'Ethnopsychologie
Stassart, Martine ULg

in Cahiers du Cep (Centre d'Etudes Pathoanalytiques) (1996), 7(1), 75-86

The authors have studied with the help of Szonditest a lot of various people ( African, Amerindian, European). They give a summary of these statistical studies. Their interpretation of results agrees with ... [more ▼]

The authors have studied with the help of Szonditest a lot of various people ( African, Amerindian, European). They give a summary of these statistical studies. Their interpretation of results agrees with that of Léopold Szondi [less ▲]

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See detailRétinoïdes et leucémie aigue promyelocytaire. Une révolution thérapeutique
Hermanne, Jean-Philippe; Tassin, Françoise ULg; Bours, Vincent ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(3), 217-23

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See detailLe Szondi des Tarahumaras
Stassart, Martine ULg

in Cahiers du CEP (Centre d'Etudes Pathoanalytiques) (1996), 7(1), 67-74

Tarahumaras live in Northmexican mountains. They maintain jealously their original culture. About 1980, 68 male native Tarahumaras of various ages ( from 5 to 80 years old) were examinated with the ... [more ▼]

Tarahumaras live in Northmexican mountains. They maintain jealously their original culture. About 1980, 68 male native Tarahumaras of various ages ( from 5 to 80 years old) were examinated with the Szonditest. The results do not show any difference between indivuals. Such results agree with the opinion of Szondi about the socalled "primitive" people. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards an Integrated Solution for Multimedia Communications
Mathy, Laurent ULg; Leduc, Guy ULg; Danthine, André ULg et al

in Bulletin Scientifique de l'Association des Ingénieurs Electriciens sortis de l'Institut Electrotechnique Montefiore (1996)

During the last few years, we have been witnessing tremendous changes in the communication environment. Those changes are not only due to the availability of higher data rates in the communication ... [more ▼]

During the last few years, we have been witnessing tremendous changes in the communication environment. Those changes are not only due to the availability of higher data rates in the communication networks but also to the appearance of new application types such as multimedia applications. After a brief introduction to multimedia communications, we will present the research activities in multimedia we have undertaken during the last few years. They focus on two aspects of multimedia communications: a new semantics for expressing Quality of Service (QoS), and a support for group communications. [less ▲]

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See detailL'interdisciplinarité en didactique des langues étrangères : une nouvelle donne pour le FLE ?
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Enjeux : Revue de Formation Continuée et de Didactique du Français (1996), (37/38), 143-157

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See detailDistribution of varicella-zoster virus and herpes simplex virus in disseminated fatal infections
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Delvenne, Philippe ULg; Sadzot-Delvaux, Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Pathology (1996), 49(3), 243-248

AIMS: To study the cutaneous and visceral distribution of herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella zoster virus (VZV) in fatal infections. METHODS: Standard histology, immunohistochemistry (monoclonal ... [more ▼]

AIMS: To study the cutaneous and visceral distribution of herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella zoster virus (VZV) in fatal infections. METHODS: Standard histology, immunohistochemistry (monoclonal antibodies VL8 and VL2 and polyclonal antibody IE63 directed against VZV; monoclonal antibodies IBD4 and HH2 and polyclonal antibodies directed against HSVI and HSVII) and in situ hybridisation (anti-HSV and anti-VZV probes) were applied to formalin fixed, paraffin wax sections. RESULTS: On histological examination, Herpesviridae infection was evident in various organs including the lungs, liver and skin. In addition, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridisation revealed the presence of HSV and VZV antigens and nucleic acids in several cell types and tissues showing no cytopathological alterations suggestive of Herpesviridae infection. The organs with histological evidence of infection also contained VZV or HSV antigens and their genes. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that organ failure in disseminated VZV and HSV infections is primarily caused by HSV or VZV induced cell damage and lysis. They also indicate that immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridisation can provide an accurate, type-specific diagnosis on formalin fixed, paraffin wax embedded tissue even when classic histological and cytological characteristics are lacking. [less ▲]

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See detailCritères de l'IHMF pour le traitement des infections à VZV
Rentier, Bernard ULg

in Virologics (1996), (Mars), 4-5

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See detailUtilisation des microsphères biodégradables en thérapie anti-cancéreuse expérimentale. Application chronopharmacologique
Milis, G.; Grandfils, Christian ULg; Flandroy, P. et al

in Pathologie Biologie (1996), 44(3), 208-11

We describe the initial experimentations which show that is possible to chronomodulate the cisplatin liberation out of some microspheres. The goal is to generate, inside one tumeur embolished by those ... [more ▼]

We describe the initial experimentations which show that is possible to chronomodulate the cisplatin liberation out of some microspheres. The goal is to generate, inside one tumeur embolished by those cisplatin loaded microspheres, some concentration peaks at the best tolerance time. The cancer is than more hit, by the high local anticancer drug concentration, and doses chronomodulations preserve the patient by following his tolerance. The experimentation on cancerous mice show that this technique could lead to great survival increases. Such a protocol might usefuly improve the anticancer therapy. [less ▲]

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See detailInterleukin-10 release related to cardiopulmonary bypass in infants undergoing cardiac operations
Seghaye, Marie-Christine ULg; Duchateau, J.; Bruniaux, J. et al

in Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (1996), 111(3), 545-553

To evaluate cytokine balance related to cardiopulmonary bypass, we prospectively investigated 11 infants undergoing cardiac operations for congenital heart disease. Proinflammatory cytokines (tumor ... [more ▼]

To evaluate cytokine balance related to cardiopulmonary bypass, we prospectively investigated 11 infants undergoing cardiac operations for congenital heart disease. Proinflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor- α and interleukin-8) and the antiinflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 were measured at multiple time points before, during, and after bypass. Tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-8 values were within normal range before the operation. These values increased significantly during bypass, reaching their peaks after protamine administration (tumor necrosis factor-α, 133.6 ± 124.9 pg/ml; mean ± standard deviation; p < 0.005) and 2 hours after termination of the procedure (interleukin-8, 92.1 ± 44.1 pg/ml; p < 0.01). Tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-8 equaled normal prebypass values from the first postoperative day on. Interleukin-10 levels were within normal range before the operation and were already significantly increased 10 minutes after initiation of bypass (interleukin-10, 39.4 ± 34.3 pg/ml; p < 0.05). These levels remained elevated throughout the procedure but returned to normal after protamine administration. A second significant release of interleukin-10 occurred from the early postoperative period on, reaching its peak 24 hours after termination of cardiopulmonary bypass (interleukin-10, 351.6 ± 304.0 pg/ml; p < 0.01). Interleukin-10 values were normal on the second postoperative day in all patients. Interleukin-10 kinetics showed an inverse pattern compared with tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-8. This difference suggests an interplay between proinflammatory and antiinflammatory cytokines released during and after cardiopulmonary bypass. Interleukin-10 levels measured 4 and 24 hours after bypass strongly correlated with the degree of hypothermia during bypass (Spearman's correlation coefficient, -0.77 [p < 0.01] and -0.89 [p < 0.0005], respectively); these levels did not correlate with duration of bypass and aortic crossclamping, however. This result suggests that besides immunologically mediated production of interleukin-10, hypothermia itself could modulate interleukin-10 production. In conclusion, this study demonstrates interleukin-10 production, in addition to interleukin-8 and tumor necrosis factor-α synthesis, in response to cardiopulmonary bypass in infants. Interleukin-10 could play a protective role by down-regulating proinflammatory cytokine release during and after cardiopulmonary bypass. [less ▲]

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See detailImportance of the E-46-D-160 Polypeptide Segment of the Non-Penicillin-Binding Module for the Folding of the Low-Affinity, Multimodular Class B Penicillin-Binding Protein 5 of Enterococcus Hirae
Mollerach, Marta E.; Partoune, Pierre; Coyette, Jacques ULg et al

in Journal of Bacteriology (1996), 178(6), 1774-1775

Compared with the other class B multimodular penicillin- binding proteins (PBPs), the low-affinity PBP5 responsible for penicillin resistance in Enterococcus hirae R40, has an extended non-penicillin ... [more ▼]

Compared with the other class B multimodular penicillin- binding proteins (PBPs), the low-affinity PBP5 responsible for penicillin resistance in Enterococcus hirae R40, has an extended non-penicillin-binding module because of the presence of an approximately 110-amino-acid E-46(-)D-160 insert downstream from the membrane anchor. Expression of pbp5 genes lacking various parts of the insert-encoding region gives rise to proteins that are inert in terms of penicillin binding, showing that during folding of the PBP, the insert plays a role in the acquisition of a correct penicillin-binding configuration by the G-364(-)Q-678 carboxy-terminal module. [less ▲]

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See detailGrowth models with internal competition
Ausloos, Marcel ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg

in Acta Physica Polonica B (1996), 27(3), 737-746

Combined statistical physics and computation modelling give new instruments for the study of non-equilibrium systems. We briefly review generalized Eden and Diffusion-Limited Aggregation models as applied ... [more ▼]

Combined statistical physics and computation modelling give new instruments for the study of non-equilibrium systems. We briefly review generalized Eden and Diffusion-Limited Aggregation models as applied to spreading phenomena. We indicate the occurence of non-universal behaviors. [less ▲]

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See detailGrowing into adult age : Cross-cultural point of view about adolescence
Stassart, Martine ULg

in Cahiers du CEP. (1996), 7(1), 13-38

There is no need to question the universality of the Oedipus complex: there is there always will be a paternal and a maternal imago to fix the primitive libido and the agressive drives through desire ... [more ▼]

There is no need to question the universality of the Oedipus complex: there is there always will be a paternal and a maternal imago to fix the primitive libido and the agressive drives through desire, jealousy and competition. On the other hand, what makes the major difference between the archaic mind and our modern western ideology is their cultural management of the Oedipus complex? Archaic societies use of rites of passage to prevent the return of Oedipus in adolescence whiile our culture gives free rein to the return of the repressed and does not fix any limit for adolescence to end. Each individual is then solitarily in charge of the stabilization of his adult identity. [less ▲]

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See detailLes convulsions fébriles: attitude actuelle
Misson, Jean-Paul ULg; Leroy, Patricia; Dubru, Jean-Marie ULg

in Tempo Médical (1996)

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See detailDifunctional initiator based on 1,3-diisopropenylbenzene. 2. Kinetics and mechanism of the sec-butyllithium/1,3-diisopropenylbenzne reaction
Yu, Y. S.; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Macromolecules (1996), 29(5), 1753-1761

Kinetics of the addition of s-butyllithium (s-BuLi) to 1,3-diisopropenylbenzene (1,3-DIB) has been studied, and the activation energy has been found to be 17.5 kcal/mol. Addition of s-BuLi to 1,3-DIB in a ... [more ▼]

Kinetics of the addition of s-butyllithium (s-BuLi) to 1,3-diisopropenylbenzene (1,3-DIB) has been studied, and the activation energy has been found to be 17.5 kcal/mol. Addition of s-BuLi to 1,3-DIB in a 2/1 molar ratio results in an oligomer rather than the desired diadduct. This observation has to be compared to the anionic polymerization of 1,3-DIB (hydrocarbon solvent at 50 °C) which leads to a polymer bearing ca. one double bond per monomeric unit. Li-NMR analysis of the addition of s-BuLi to 1,3-DIB (2/1 molar ratio) confirms the nonequivalence of the lithium cations and shows that ca. 30% s-BuLi remains unreacted when 1,3-DIB has been completely consumed. In the early stage of the addition, the propagation rate is faster than depropagation and the average molecular weight increases. When a depropagation−propagation quasi-equilibrium is reached, the oligomer molecular weight remains constant. It finally decreases when no DIB is left, as a result of depropagation. When the s-BuLi/1,3-DIB adduct is used as an initiator for styrene polymerization in the presence of a polar solvent, such as THF, initiation by monofuntional, difunctional, trifunctional, and tetrafunctional species is observed. In an apolar solvent, however, polystyrene of a narrow molecular weight distribution and a functionality of 2 is formed. This experimental observation more likely indicates that depolymerization of the 1,3-DIB oligomers occurs upon the addition of styrene. A mechanism which accounts for this propagation−depropagation process has been proposed and experimentally supported. [less ▲]

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See detailClONO2 total vertical column abundances above the Jungfraujoch Station, 1986-1994: Long-term trend and winter-spring enhancements
Rinsland, C. P.; Zander, Rodolphe ULg; Demoulin, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research (1996), 101(D2), 3891-3899

Total vertical column abundances of chlorine nitrate (ClONO2) have been retrieved from 0.006 cm(-1) resolution solar absorption spectra recorded at the International Scientific Station of the Jungfraujoch ... [more ▼]

Total vertical column abundances of chlorine nitrate (ClONO2) have been retrieved from 0.006 cm(-1) resolution solar absorption spectra recorded at the International Scientific Station of the Jungfraujoch (ISSJ) in the Swiss Alps (altitude 3.58 km, latitude 46.5 degrees N, longitude 8.0 degrees E) on 105 days between June 1986 and November 1994. The analysis is based on spectral fittings of the ClONO2 nu(4) band Q branch at 780.21 cm(-1) and the interferences occurring in the same spectral region. The ISSJ measurements show a regular long-term increase in the ClONO2 column with an occasional factor of 2 to 3 enhancements during the midwinter to early spring. Excluding data from this time of the year, the ISSJ database reflects a linear rate of increase and la uncertainty equal to (4.0 +/- 0.7)% yr(-1) referenced to 1990.0. The corresponding ClONO2 total vertical columns for mid-1986 and mid-1994 are equal to 0.92 and 1.26 x 10(15) molecules cm(-2), respectively. The high ClONO2 columns and high HF/HCl column ratios sometimes measured during winter indicate the occasional presence of chemically processed air above the station. This is corroborated by trajectories calculated for the stratospheric air masses sounded on these occasions. [less ▲]

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See detailSeventeen copies of the human 37 kDa laminin receptor precursor/p40 ribosome-associated protein gene are processed pseudogenes arisen from retropositional events
Jackers, Pascale ULg; Clausse, Nathalie; Fernandez, Maria-Teresa et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (1996), 1305(1-2), 98-104

A cDNA coding for a 37 kDa polypeptide has been identified in several species as both the potential precursor of the 67 kDa laminin receptor (37LRP) and a putative ribosome-associated protein (p40 ... [more ▼]

A cDNA coding for a 37 kDa polypeptide has been identified in several species as both the potential precursor of the 67 kDa laminin receptor (37LRP) and a putative ribosome-associated protein (p40). Interestingly, increased expression of this polypeptide (37LRP/p40) is consistently observed in invasive and metastatic cancer cells and is associated with poor prognosis. Southern-blot analysis of human genomic DNA predicted multiple copies of the 37LRP/p40 gene. In this study, we report that the number of copies of this sequence in the human genome is 26 +/- 2. We have sequenced and analyzed 19 genomic clones corresponding to the 37LRP/p40 gene and found that they were all processed pseudogenes. They all lack intronic sequences and show multiple genetic alterations leading in some cases to the appearance of stop codons. Moreover, they all bear characteristic features of retroposons as the presence of a poly(A)-tail at their 3' end and short direct repeated flanking DNA sequences. None of the pseudogenes analyzed present cis-elements in their 5' flanking region such as TATA or GC boxes. Our date reveal that over 50% of the 37LRP/p40 gene copies are pseudogenes most probably generated by retropositional events. The finding of multiple pseudogenes for the 37LRP/p40 suggests that the accumulation of several copies of this gene might have given a survival advantage to the cell in the course of evolution. [less ▲]

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See detailThe screening of species in a Darwinistic tree-like model of evolution
Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg

in Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena (1996), 90(3), 262-270

Numerical and theoretical investigations of a tree-like model of self-organized critical evolution are presented. The screening of species from the evolution process is numerically studied. Critical ... [more ▼]

Numerical and theoretical investigations of a tree-like model of self-organized critical evolution are presented. The screening of species from the evolution process is numerically studied. Critical exponents for (i) the avalanche distribution, (ii) the correlation function, (iii) the order parameter and (iv) the fraction of unscreened species are given. A mean-field approximation is developed. This theory is quite accurate for describing the critical state but is not able to describe the transient regimes, i.e. the self-organized slowing down of both order parameter and fraction of unscreened species towards the critical state. [less ▲]

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See detailWR22: the most massive Wolf-Rayet star ever weighed.
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Vreux, Jean-Marie ULg; Gosset, Eric ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1996), 306

The results of an extensive spectroscopic campaign on the eclipsing binary WR22 are presented. A new radial velocity curve is deduced for the WN7 component, allowing us to improve the parameters of the ... [more ▼]

The results of an extensive spectroscopic campaign on the eclipsing binary WR22 are presented. A new radial velocity curve is deduced for the WN7 component, allowing us to improve the parameters of the orbit, formerly determined on the basis of photographic spectra. The high signal-to-noise ratio of our data also allows the detection of some weak absorption lines which, for the first time, can definitely be attributed to the companion. A study of their radial velocities gives a mass ratio of m_WR_/m_O_=2.78 leading to a minimum mass of 72M[SUB]sun[/SUB]_ for the WN7 star. The companion can be classified as a "late O" (O6.5-O8.5) star with a luminosity ratio of the system q=L_WR_^y^/L_O_^y^ at 5500A of about 8. The exceptionally high mass of the WN7 star and its high hydrogen mass-fraction suggest that WR22 is at the beginning of its Wolf-Rayet evolution. As a matter of fact, with such a high mass, WR22 most probably is still a hydrogen burning object. Therefore, the WN7 component is much closer to a main sequence O star with a "Wolf-Rayet clothing" than to the other members of the Wolf-Rayet family, which are rather highly evolved He-burning descendants of massive progenitors. [less ▲]

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See detailHybridization effects in U2T2X compounds: Magnetic structures of U2Rh2Sn and U2Ni2In
Nakotte, Heinz; Purwanto, A.; Robinson, R. A. et al

in Physical Review. B : Condensed Matter (1996), 53(6), 3263-3271

The tetragonal intermetallic compounds U2Ni2In and U2Rh2Sn have been studied by means of specific-heat, electrical-resistivity, and neutron-diffraction techniques. At low temperatures, both compounds ... [more ▼]

The tetragonal intermetallic compounds U2Ni2In and U2Rh2Sn have been studied by means of specific-heat, electrical-resistivity, and neutron-diffraction techniques. At low temperatures, both compounds order antiferromagnetically in a magnetic unit cell doubled along the c axis, and we find 5f moments of 0.60 and 0.38 Bohr magneton/U atom for U2Ni2In and U2Rh2Sn, respectively. For U2Ni2In, our refinement also indicates a possible Ni moment of 0.37 Bohr magneton perpendicular to the U moments. We discuss the development of the 5f moments together with findings on other isostructural U2T2X (T=transition metal, X=In, Sn) compounds, and confirm that the trends expected due to 5f-ligand hybridization also hold for this family of uranium compounds. Our analysis indicates different arrangements of the 5f moments in the two compounds (noncollinear arrangement within the basal plane for U2Ni2In and collinear arrangement along the c axis for U2Rh2Sn), although both compounds have nearest-neighbor U-U distances along the c axis. This would mean that the magnetocrystalline anisotropy in U2T2X compounds is not determined by nearest-neighbor U-U links alone [less ▲]

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See detailExistence of a short period (3.5-4 hours) in the photometric variability of WR 66.
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Gosset, Eric ULg; Manfroid, Jean ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1996), 306

We report here on an independent detection of a short period (~4hours) in the photometric variations of WR66, thus confirming in broad terms the discovery by Antokhin et al.. In addition, we present the ... [more ▼]

We report here on an independent detection of a short period (~4hours) in the photometric variations of WR66, thus confirming in broad terms the discovery by Antokhin et al.. In addition, we present the first spectroscopic variability analysis for this star. A few peculiarities of the spectrum of WR66 are also discussed. Finally, we perform a brief examination of different possible origins of the phenomenon. [less ▲]

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See detailComet C/1996 B2 (Hyakutake)
Tichy, M.; Galad, A.; Pravda, A. et al

in Minor Planet Electronic Circulars (1996)

Available from the Minor Planet Center.

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See detailControl of the biodegradation rate of poly(DL-lactide) microparticles intended as chemoembolisation materials
Grandfils, Christian ULg; Flandroy, P.; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Journal of Controlled Release (1996), 38(2-3), 109-122

There is an interest in polylactide microspheres that biodegrade within a few days, particularly for chemoembolization applications. For this purpose, two poly(DL-lactide) samples of a very different ... [more ▼]

There is an interest in polylactide microspheres that biodegrade within a few days, particularly for chemoembolization applications. For this purpose, two poly(DL-lactide) samples of a very different molecular weight have been combined. The basic concept relies upon the capability of the high molecular weight component (Mn: 65 000) to provide the microspheres with a high mechanical strength, whereas the low molecular weight component (Mn: 3500) should decrease the particle lifetime dramatically. It has been shown that changing the weight ratio of these two components is an efficient way to control the kinetics of the in vitro degradation of poly(DL-lactide) microspheres on the expected time scale. The microspheres have been prepared by the oil-in-water emulsion/evaporation process, and their final polymer content has been compared to the initial composition of the oil phase. They have also been analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry to know whether the two polymers form a monophase blend or not. Kinetics of the in vitro biodegradation has been estimated from the decrease in molecular weight of the constitutive poly(DL-lactide)s, the time-dependency of the microsphere weight and the observation of changes in the morphology by scanning electron microscopy. Progress in the hydrolysis of the ester groups has also been reckoned from the increasing acidity of the incubation medium and associated with the polymer. [less ▲]

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See detailModel-Based Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) System for Forwardlooking Groundbased and Airborne Imaging Laser Radars (LADAR)
Verly, Jacques ULg; Delanoy, Richard L.

in Proceedings of the IEEE (1996), 84(2), 126-163

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See detailPoetry as Enforcement: Conquering the Muse in Keats's 'Ode to Psyche'
Steyaert, Kris ULg

in Romanticism on the Net (RoN) (1996), 1(1),

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See detailStaging of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer by Whole-Body Fluorine-18 Deoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography
Bury, Thierry ULg; Dowlati, A.; Paulus, Patrick et al

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine (1996), 23(2), 204-6

Positron emission tomography (PET) using fluorine-18 deoxyglucose (FDG), showing increased FDG uptake and retention in malignant cells, has been proven useful to differentiate malignant from benign tissue ... [more ▼]

Positron emission tomography (PET) using fluorine-18 deoxyglucose (FDG), showing increased FDG uptake and retention in malignant cells, has been proven useful to differentiate malignant from benign tissue. We undertook a prospective study in 61 patients to compare the accuracy of whole-body FDG PET and conventional imaging (CI) methods for the staging of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). CI included chest and abdomen computed tomographic scanning and bone scintigraphy. When CI or PET study suggested metastatic disease, confirmation was obtained by biopsy or clinical or radiological follow-up. As compared to CI, PET correctly changed the N stage in 13 patients (21%) and the M stage in six patients (10%). There were three false-positive and no false-negative distant PET findings. Our preliminary results show that whole-body FDG PET can improve the diagnostic accuracy in the staging of NSCLC. [less ▲]

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See detailHet meisje dat ik Ursula noem. Paul van Ostaijens 'Jong landschap' re-revisited
Spinoy, Erik ULg

in Kunst & Cultuur (1996), 29(2), 16-20

This is a rereading of a famous late poem by the Flemish expressionist Paul van Ostaijen.

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See detailMacromolecular engineering of polylactones and polylactides. 21. Controlled synthesis of low molecular weight polylactide macromonomers
Barakat, Ibrahim; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Grandfils, Christian ULg et al

in Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry (1996), 34(3), 497-502

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See detailIn Vitro and in Vivo Stimulation of the Murine Immune System by Agm-1470, a Potent Angiogenesis Inhibitor
Antoine, Nadine ULg; Daukandt, M.; Heinen, Ernst ULg et al

in American Journal of Pathology (1996), 148(2), 393-8

AGM-1470, a potent angiogenesis inhibitor, is already engaged in phase I clinical trials because of its effectiveness to restrain tumor growth and its lack of major side effects. Recently, we showed that ... [more ▼]

AGM-1470, a potent angiogenesis inhibitor, is already engaged in phase I clinical trials because of its effectiveness to restrain tumor growth and its lack of major side effects. Recently, we showed that AGM-1470 stimulates in vitro human B lymphocyte proliferation through T lymphocytes. These data prompted us to explore the in vivo effects of AGM-1470 on the immune system in a mouse model. In this study, we showed that AGM-1470, in synergy with phytohemagglutinin, stimulates the proliferation of murine lymphocytes isolated from lymph nodes. This effect was similar to the one observed with human lymphocytes. When injected subcutaneously or intraperitoneally into mice at pharmacological doses, AGM-1470 induced a significant increase of axillary and mesenteric lymph nodes, respectively. Histological and morphological analyses showed that this phenomenon is mostly due to a hyperplasia of the germinal centers. On average, the area of the germinal center of lymph nodes from AGM-1470-treated mice were three times larger than in lymph nodes from control mice. Interestingly, no effect was observed when AGM-1470 was injected subcutaneously into T-deficient nude mice. Our data demonstrate that AGM-1470 stimulates B cell proliferation in vivo as suggested by the in vitro experiments. This effect should be taken into account in the follow-up of patients treated with this molecule and calls for additional studies to determine the biological consequences of such a stimulation on the host immune system. [less ▲]

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See detailMédecins généralistes wallons. Quelles prescriptions aux personnes âgées de plus de 75 ans?
Franck, Jacques ULg; Ludovicy, R.; Taziaut, P. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(2), 163-74

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See detailAntibiothérapie topique et infections cutanées
Henry, Frédérique ULg; Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Pierard-Franchimont, Claudine ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(2), 160-162

Les infections cutanées bactériennes, qui restent souvent limitées en extension, méritent un traitement local. Dans cette indication, l'antibiothérapie topique est toujours d'actualité. Le choix du ... [more ▼]

Les infections cutanées bactériennes, qui restent souvent limitées en extension, méritent un traitement local. Dans cette indication, l'antibiothérapie topique est toujours d'actualité. Le choix du médicament doit être guidé par son spectre d'activité. Les risques de développement d'une résistance bactérienne et d'une hypersensibilité allergique à l'antibiotique ou à sa base galénique doivent également être pris en considération. [less ▲]

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See detailKinking of the Internal Carotid Artery: Clinical Significance and Surgical Management
Van Damme, Hendrik ULg; Gillain, Daniel ULg; Desiron, Quentin ULg et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (1996), 96(1), 15-22

The authors report on 62 surgical corrections for kinking of the internal carotid artery during a 13-year period (1980-1993). This represents 2.8% of all carotid operative procedures (n = 2188) in the ... [more ▼]

The authors report on 62 surgical corrections for kinking of the internal carotid artery during a 13-year period (1980-1993). This represents 2.8% of all carotid operative procedures (n = 2188) in the same period. It always concerned a significant (< 60 degrees) angulation of a redundant internal carotid artery, that in all but 3 cases was associated with atherosclerotic involvement of the carotid bifurcation. The indication to surgery included transient hemispheric or ocular ischaemia in 25.5% of cases, a regressive neurologic deficit in 8%, a minor stroke in 3%, a stroke in evolution in 11%, and non-lateralized cerebral ischaemia in 21%. In 19 patients (31%) it concerned an asymptomatic high degree stenosis. The surgical technique consisted in carotid transposition-reimplantation after eversion endarterectomy in 37 cases, in posterior transverse plication with patch angioplasty in 20 cases, and in segmental excision with venous interposition graft in 5 cases. There was one postoperative death. The morbidity include one ipsilateral non-fatal stroke and 3 transient ischaemic attacks. A complete long-term follow-up (mean duration 3.4 years) is available for 57 patients. The late incidence of stroke is 1.5% per year. The 5-year survival attains 67%. These long-term results are comparable to the outcome of standard endarterectomy in the same institution. The authors discuss the indication, techniques, and outcome of surgical correction of kinked internal carotid artery. They recommend a shortening procedure, often associated with endarterectomy for severely kinked vessels (angulation 60 degrees or less), symptomatic or not. [less ▲]

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See detailGlucoindole Alkaloids from Stem Bark of Strychnos Mellodora
Tits, Monique ULg; Brandt, V.; Wauters, Jean-Noël ULg et al

in Planta Medica (1996), 62(1), 73-4

Three glucoindole alkaloids, dolichantoside (1), strictosidine (2), and palicoside (3), have been identified in the stem bark of Strychnos mellodora (Loganiaceae), collected in Zimbabwe. The chiroptical ... [more ▼]

Three glucoindole alkaloids, dolichantoside (1), strictosidine (2), and palicoside (3), have been identified in the stem bark of Strychnos mellodora (Loganiaceae), collected in Zimbabwe. The chiroptical (CD) data are compared. [less ▲]

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See detailBlood Mononuclear Cells Mobilization and Cytokines Secretion During Prolonged Exercises
Bury, Thierry ULg; Louis, Renaud ULg; Radermecker, Maurice ULg et al

in International Journal of Sports Medicine (1996), 17(2), 156-60

This study was designed to compare the effects of three prolonged exercises varying in their intensity and duration, on blood mononuclear cell mobilization and cytokine secretion (IL1(1)-IL(2)). Seven ... [more ▼]

This study was designed to compare the effects of three prolonged exercises varying in their intensity and duration, on blood mononuclear cell mobilization and cytokine secretion (IL1(1)-IL(2)). Seven healthy subjects underwent three effort trials (45 % VO(2)max during 4 h - 60% VO(2)max during 3 h - 75 % VO(2)max during 2 h) at one-month intervals. Blood samples were drawn before, different times during exercise and also after exercise. Prolonged exercises induced a transient increase in blood mononuclear cells which occurred across all intensity levels. We also observed a significant increase in plasma IL(1) level during exercise which correlates with the exercise intensity. The mean IL(1) level increased up to 2.5 times after the three proposed exercises (p <0.05). Plasma IL(2) level decreased at the end of prolonged exercises irrespective of the exercise intensity. No correlation was observed between blood mononuclear count and cytokine determination. Our data suggest that blood mononuclear cells mobilization is associated but not correlated with alterations of cytokine levels. [less ▲]

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See detailContingency severity assessment for voltage security using non-parametric regression techniques
Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (1996), 11(1), 101-111

This paper proposes a novel approach to power system voltage security assessment exploiting nonparametric regression techniques to extract simple, and at the same time reliable, models of the severity of ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a novel approach to power system voltage security assessment exploiting nonparametric regression techniques to extract simple, and at the same time reliable, models of the severity of a contingency, defined as the difference between pre- and post-contingency load power margins. The regression techniques extract information from large sets of possible operating conditions of a power system screened offline via massive random sampling, whose voltage security with respect to contingencies is pre-analyzed using an efficient voltage stability simulation. In particular, regression trees are used to identify the most salient parameters of the pre-contingency topology and electrical state which influence the severity of a given contingency, and to provide a first guess transparent approximation of the contingency severity in terms of these latter parameters. Multilayer perceptrons are exploited to further refine this information. The approach is demonstrated on a realistic model of a large scale voltage stability limited power system, where it shows to provide valuable physical insight and reliable contingency evaluation. Various potential uses in power system planning and operation are discussed [less ▲]

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See detailReversal of Acute Renal Failure by Kidney Revascularisation
Van Damme, Hendrik ULg; Rorive, Georges ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg

in European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery (1996), 11(2), 134-9

OBJECTIVES: To assess whether acute renal failure, due to total or subtotal renal artery occlusion, can be reversed by kidney revascularisation. DESIGN: A retrospective review of surgery for kidney ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To assess whether acute renal failure, due to total or subtotal renal artery occlusion, can be reversed by kidney revascularisation. DESIGN: A retrospective review of surgery for kidney salvage in anuric patients at a University Hospital. METHODS: From 1983 to 1993, eight patients were operated on for occlusive renal artery disease as a cause of acute renal failure, requiring preoperative haemodialysis. On admission the mean serum creatinine was 40 mg/l (354 mumol/dl). The oligoanuria lasted from 12 h to 3 weeks. Renal length of 8 cm or more and visualisation of a patent distal renal artery branches on aortography were arguments that return of renal function could be expected after revascularisation of these non-functioning kidneys. RESULTS: Revascularisation restored immediate urine flow in six cases, with no further need for dialysis in four. Two patients remained oliguric despite successful reperfusion. One of them could be weaned from dialysis after 1 month. Two patients died postoperatively. Five of the eight patients left the hospital with restored renal function. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with acute renal function deterioration due to ischemia of a single or both kidneys can benefit from prompt revascularisation, with significant recovery of renal function in most of them. [less ▲]

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See detailCriticality of trapping in a dynamic epidemic model
Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg

in Journal of Physics : A Mathematical & General (1996), 29(2), 309-316

We study a simple model mimicking the two-dimensional growth of a solid interface B through a liquid L in presence of particles A which are pushed by the advancing front. The model considers a short-range ... [more ▼]

We study a simple model mimicking the two-dimensional growth of a solid interface B through a liquid L in presence of particles A which are pushed by the advancing front. The model considers a short-range repulsive interaction between the particles and the advancing front (the so-called Uhlmann, Chalmers and Jackson mechanism). As particles are pushed by the advancing front, this leads to the formation of aggregates which are hindrances to the growth and which can be trapped leading to the formation of internal patterns. A transition between indefinitely growing clusters and frozen ones takes place for a critical particle fraction x(c) = 0.560 +/- 0.005 which is larger than the critical fraction of the corresponding epidemic model with static particles. At that critical threshold x, both percolating clusters and internal patterns are numerically found to be fractal with the same dimension D-f = 1.87 +/- 0.03 close to the classical percolation exponent 91/48. The correlation length exponent v is found to be v = 1.34 +/- 0.08 close to the classical percolation exponent 4/3. The criticality of the internal patterns is unexpected. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh Level of Mt-Mmp Expression Is Associated with Invasiveness of Cervical Cancer Cells
Gilles, Christine ULg; Polette, M.; Piette, Jacques ULg et al

in International Journal of Cancer = Journal International du Cancer (1996), 65(2), 209-13

MMP-2 (gelatinase A) has been associated with the invasive potential of many cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. It is now becoming clear that the activation of this enzyme might be a key step in ... [more ▼]

MMP-2 (gelatinase A) has been associated with the invasive potential of many cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. It is now becoming clear that the activation of this enzyme might be a key step in tumor invasion. This activation process has been shown to be a membrane-associated pathway inducible by various agents such as collagen type I, concanavalin A or TGF-beta, but its physiological regulation is still largely unresolved. MT-MMP was recently discovered and described as a potential gelatinase-A activator. In the present study, we investigated the expression of MT-MMP (membrane-type metalloproteinase) in cervical cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. Comparing several in vitro-transformed cervical cell lines, previously shown to display different invasive potentials, our results showed that the ability of cells to overexpress MT-MMP mRNA following ConA induction correlated with their ability to activate gelatinase A and with a highly invasive behavior. Moreover, using immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, we found a higher level of MT-MMP expression in invasive cervical carcinoma and lymph node metastases compared to its expression in non-invasive CIN III lesions. Our in vivo observations also clearly demonstrated a cooperation between stromal and tumor cells for the production of MT-MMP. Taken together, our results clearly correlated high level MT-MMP expression with invasiveness, and thus suggested that MT-MMP might play a crucial role in cervical tumor invasion. [less ▲]

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See detailEmpirical study of departures from the excitation equilibrium of FeI in metal-poor stars.
Magain, Pierre ULg; Zhao, G.

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1996), 305

A detailed analysis of neutral iron lines in a sample of 13 metal-poor dwarfs and subgiants is carried out on the basis of high resolution spectra obtained with the ESO Coude Echelle Spectrometer. The ... [more ▼]

A detailed analysis of neutral iron lines in a sample of 13 metal-poor dwarfs and subgiants is carried out on the basis of high resolution spectra obtained with the ESO Coude Echelle Spectrometer. The deduced iron abundance is found to depend on the excitation potential of the line used, higher excitation lines generally indicating higher abundances. This could be caused by departures from the local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) or by temperature inhomogeneities in the stellar atmospheres. The dependency of this effect on the stellar atmospheric parameters is investigated. From the comparison of iron lines with lines of other elements, it is concluded that the low excitation FeI lines are much more affected than the high excitation lines. The consequences of these effects for the classical abundance analyses are examined. It is found that they may explain, at least in part, some previously reported discrepancies between the results of different authors. [less ▲]

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See detailThe enigmatic flarings of HR2517.
Sterken, C.; Manfroid, Jean ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1996), 305

We report the discovery of strong flaring of the B3 II-III star HR2517. The evidence is based on Stroemgren differential uvby photometry spanning more than a decade. We discuss the behaviour of HR2517 in ... [more ▼]

We report the discovery of strong flaring of the B3 II-III star HR2517. The evidence is based on Stroemgren differential uvby photometry spanning more than a decade. We discuss the behaviour of HR2517 in terms of two models, viz. a rooted bright spot suddenly appearing and developing with modulation in photospheric temperature producing periodic light and profile variations as the star rotates, or that HR2517 is a Be star in an eccentric (P~33-34d) high-mass X-ray binary (HMXB) with neutron star companion--one of the brightest such systems known. [less ▲]

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See detailLes bisphosphonates
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(1), 120-2

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See detailLa calcitonine
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(1), 116-9

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See detailLes anesthésiques
Larbuisson, Robert ULg; Lamy, Maurice ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(1), 129-32

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See detailVariability in Estimation of Coronary Dimensions from 6f and 8f Catheters
Legrand, Victor ULg; Raskinet, B.; Martinez, Christophe ULg et al

in Catheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis (1996), 37(1), 39-4546

To investigate the suitability of diagnostic 6F catheters for coronary angiographic measures in the clinical setting, we determined the relative accuracy and reproducibility of the measures obtained with ... [more ▼]

To investigate the suitability of diagnostic 6F catheters for coronary angiographic measures in the clinical setting, we determined the relative accuracy and reproducibility of the measures obtained with these catheters as scaling devices in 59 stenoses. Comparison was made with duplicate injections, obtained before angioplasty, using an 8F guiding catheter as scaling device. Intra- and interobserver variability was evaluated in 15 stenoses. The coefficient of variation averaged 18.3% for the minimal lumen diameter, 10.4% for the percent stenosis, and only 7.4% for the reference diameter. Reproducibility of angiographic measures done with the 6F catheter was similar to that obtained with the 8F catheter, although accuracy was lower with the 6F for the measurement of reference diameter. Thus, quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) measures derived from routine diagnostic angiograms may be suitable for determination of reference diameter, allowing enough precision for determination of the size of a coronary device for intervention, but these measures may lack accuracy for precise determination of minimum diameter and percent stenosis, making their use questionable in studies looking at individual changes in coronary stenosis dimensions. [less ▲]

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See detailJ03.13 A and B: a new multiply imaged QSO candidate.
Claeskens, Jean-François ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg; Remy, M.

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1996), 305

Careful analysis of direct R CCD frames obtained for selected Highly Luminous Quasars in March 1993 with the MPI/ESO 2.2m telescope has revealed that the quasar J03.13 consists of at least two point-like ... [more ▼]

Careful analysis of direct R CCD frames obtained for selected Highly Luminous Quasars in March 1993 with the MPI/ESO 2.2m telescope has revealed that the quasar J03.13 consists of at least two point-like components, constituting therefore a new gravitational lens candidate. Follow-up direct imagery of this interesting object with the New Technology Telescope (NTT) + SUSI in February 1994, using the Bessel B, R and Gunn-i filters, tends to confirm the gravitational lens hypothesis. The mean angular separation and magnitude difference between the A & B images are found to be 0.84"+/-0.03" and 2.1+/-0.1mag, respectively. A spatially unresolved, medium resolution spectrum of J03.13, obtained with the NTT + EMMI in February 1994, shows that the QSO has a redshift z=2.55, with Lyalpha and CIV absorptions at z=2.34 and MgII, MgI and FeII absorptions at z=1.085. The latter absorptions might be associated with a sigma=206km/s lens galaxy. B, R and Gunn-i photometric observations of J03.13 during 1994 and 1995 do not show evidence for flux variations exceeding 0.03mag. HST direct imagery with WFPC2 and FOS spectroscopy of J03.13 A & B are planned during cycle 5. [less ▲]

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See detailLes facteurs de croissance hematopoiétiques
Fillet, Georges ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(1), 102-6

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See detailLes anti-inflammatoires non stéroïdiens
Malaise, Michel ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(1), 123-125

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See detailLes fluoroquinolones
Damas, Pierre ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(1), 50-52

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See detailEffects of Testosterone and Its Metabolites on Aromatase-Immunoreactive Cells in the Quail Brain: Relationship with the Activation of Male Reproductive Behavior
Balthazart, Jacques ULg; Foidart, Agnès ULg; Absil, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Steroid Biochemistry & Molecular Biology (1996), 56(1-6 Spec No), 185-200

The enzyme aromatase converts testosterone (T) into 17 beta-estradiol and plays a pivotal role in the control of reproduction. In particular, the aromatase activity (AA) located in the preoptic area (POA ... [more ▼]

The enzyme aromatase converts testosterone (T) into 17 beta-estradiol and plays a pivotal role in the control of reproduction. In particular, the aromatase activity (AA) located in the preoptic area (POA) of male Japanese quail is a limiting step in the activation by T of copulatory behavior. Aromatase-immunoreactive (ARO-ir) cells of the POA are specifically localized within the cytoarchitectonic boundaries of the medial preoptic nucleus(POM), a sexually dimorphic and steroid-sensitive structure that is a necessary and sufficient site of steroid action in the activation of behavior. Stereotaxic implantation of aromatase inhibitors in but not around the POM strongly decreases the behavioral effects of a systemic treatment with T of castrated males. AA is decreased by castration and increased by aromatizable androgens and by estrogens. These changes have been independently documented at three levels of analysis: the enzymatic activity measured by radioenzymatic assays in vitro, the enzyme concentration evaluated semi-quantitatively by immunocytochemistry and the concentration of its messenger RNA quantified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). These studies demonstrate that T acting mostly through its estrogenic metabolites regulates brain aromatase by acting essentially at the transcriptional level. Estrogens produced by central aromatization of T therefore have two independent roles: they activate male copulatory behavior and they regulate the synthesis of aromatase. Double label immunocytochemical studies demonstrate that estrogen receptors(ER) are found in all brain areas containing ARO-ir cells but the extent to which these markers are colocalized varies from one brain region to the other. More than 70% of ARO-ir cells contain detectable ER in the tuberal hypothalamus but less than 20% of the cells display this colocalization in the POA. This absence of ER in ARO-ir cells is also observed in the POA of the rat brain. This suggests that locally formed estrogens cannot control the behavior and the aromatase synthesis in an autocrine fashion in the cells where they were formed. Multi-neuronal networks need therefore to be considered. The behavioral activation could result from the action of estrogens in ER-positive cells located in the vicinity of the ARO-ir cells where they were produced (paracrine action). Alternatively, actions that do not involve the nuclear ER could be important. Immunocytochemical studies at the electron microscope level and biochemical assays of AA in purified synaptosomes indicate the presence of aromatase in presynaptic boutons. Estrogens formed at this level could directly affect the pre-and post-synaptic membrane or could directly modulate neurotransmission namely through their metabolization into catecholestrogens (CE) which are known to be powerful inhibitors of the catechol- omicron - methyl transferase (COMT). The inhibition of COMT should increase the catecholaminergic transmission. It is significant to note, in this respect, that high levels of 2-hydroxylase activity, the enzyme that catalyzes the transformation of estrogens in CE, are found in all brain areas that contain aromatase. On the other hand, the synthesis of aromatase should also be controlled by estrogens in an indirect, transynaptic manner very reminiscent of the way in which steroids indirectly control the production of LHRH. Fibers that are immunoreactive for tyrosine hydroxylase (synthesis of dopamine), dopamine beta-hydroxylase (synthesis of norepinephrine) or vasotocine have been identified in the close vicinity of ARO-ir cells in the POM and retrograde tracing has identified the origin of the dopaminergic and noradrenergic innervation of these areas. A few preliminary physiological experiments suggest that these catecholaminergic inputs regulate AA and presumably synthesis. [less ▲]

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See detailTrophoblast-specific processing and phosphorylaton of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein-1 in day 15 to 25 sheep placenta
Xie, S.; Nagel, R. J.; Green, J. et al

in Biology of Reproduction (1996), 54(1), 122-129

Bovine and ovine pregnancy-associated glycoproteins-1 (PAG-1) are products of binucleate trophoblast cells and belong to the aspartic proteinase gene family. Estimates of their relative molecular masses ... [more ▼]

Bovine and ovine pregnancy-associated glycoproteins-1 (PAG-1) are products of binucleate trophoblast cells and belong to the aspartic proteinase gene family. Estimates of their relative molecular masses have varied considerably, from 47 to 90 kDa, even though the mature polypeptide has been inferred to be no more than 330 amino acids in length and that the glycosylated recombinant form synthesized in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) or COS-1 cells had an apparent mass of 46 kDa. To establish the relationships among the various molecular forms, metabolic labeling, immunoprecipitation, and electrophoretic analysis were used to follow the biosynthesis of ovine PAG-1 (ovPAG-1) in placental explants. In time-course studies, ovPAG-1 could first be detected within 10 min as a 70-kDa form within the tissue. With time, forms of intermediate (53-61 kDa) and low (47 kDa) molecular mass began to accumulate. The latter predominated in medium after 6 h labeling. Pulse chase studies established that the 70-kDa forms were the precursors of the smaller species. Inhibition of glycosylation with tunicamycin or treatment with N-glycosidase F confirmed that ovPAG-1 contained N-linked oligosaccharide chains, but that this carbohydrate accounted for only a relatively small fraction (8-10 kDa) of the apparent mass. Consecutive treatment with neuraminidase and O-glycanase also reduced the apparent molecular mass of the precursor by approximately 11 kDa. OvPAG-1 incorporated 32P from [32P]orthophosphate into phosphoserine and phosphothreonine, but there was no incorporation of 35S from [35S]sulfate. The basis of the differences in molecular mass between the precursor and the final products remains to be elucidated, but the differences seem likely to be due to some unusual form of posttranslational modification introduced in the binucleate cell. The results of the study appear to explain the disparate size values that have been reported for these placenta-derived proteins. [less ▲]

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See detailHistoire et perspective du traitement par diurétiques
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(1), 30-34

Les diurétiques ont été utilisés avec succès en clinique depuis plus de 70 ans. Les diurétiques mercuriels ont constitué la première étape importante dans le développement des diurétiques modernes. Ces ... [more ▼]

Les diurétiques ont été utilisés avec succès en clinique depuis plus de 70 ans. Les diurétiques mercuriels ont constitué la première étape importante dans le développement des diurétiques modernes. Ces dernières années, suite au développement de nouvelles options thérapeutiques, les diurétiques ont été décriés en raison de quelques effets secondaires. Cette classe thérapeutique reste cependant un pilier solide et incontournable dans les états de rétention hydrosodée comme par exemple la décompensation cardiaque ou dans l'hypertension artérielle du sujet âgé. Quoi qu'il en soit, le développement de nouveaux diurétiques vit au ralenti en raison de l'acceptation relativement faible de nouvelles molécules, commercialisées pourtant à très faible dose, c'est-à-dire sans action principale sur la volémie. Les modulateurs du transport d'ions, dérivés des structures moléculaires non diurétiques parmi les familles de diurétiques ouvrent cependant des voies intéressantes dans le traitement de maladies diverses. [less ▲]

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See detailA Non-Cofactor Role of Thiamine Derivatives in Excitable Cells?
Bettendorff, Lucien ULg

in Archives of Physiology & Biochemistry (1996), 104(6), 745-751

Thiamine diphosphate (TDP) is an important cofactor of pyruvate (PDH) and alpha-ketoglutarate (KGDH) dehydrogenases and transketolase. Thiamine deficiency leads to reversible and irreversible brain ... [more ▼]

Thiamine diphosphate (TDP) is an important cofactor of pyruvate (PDH) and alpha-ketoglutarate (KGDH) dehydrogenases and transketolase. Thiamine deficiency leads to reversible and irreversible brain lesions due to impaired oxidative metabolism. A specific non-cofactor role for thiamine has also been proposed in excitable cells and thiamine triphosphate (TTP) might be involved in the regulation of ion channels. Thiamine is taken up by neuroblastoma cells through a high affinity transporter. Inside the cells, it is rapidly phosphorylated to TDP. This high turnover TDP pool is the precursor for TTP. Most of the TDP however has a low turnover and is associated with PDH and KGDH in mitochondria. In excised inside-out patches from neuroblastoma cells, TTP, at a concentration of 1 microM, activates chloride channels of large unitary conductance, the so-called maxi-Cl- channels. These channels are inhibited by oxythiamine from the outide. In addition to the role of TTP in the regulation of chloride channels, thiamine itself, or a presently unknown analog, may have trophic effects on neuronal cells. [less ▲]

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See detailHydrology and fluvial dynamics, in Geography Research in Belgium, Comité National de Géographie, DENIS J. (Ed.)
Petit, François ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Belge d'Etudes Géographiques = Tijdschrift van de Belgische Vereniging voor Aardrijkskundige Studies (1996)

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See detailEffects of exogenous IL-1 beta, TNF alpha, IL-6, IL-8 and LIF on cytokine production by human articular chondrocytes.
Henrotin, Yves ULg; De Groote, D. D.; Labasse, A. H. et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (1996), 4(3), 163-73

Cytokines are potent regulators of the chondrocyte functions. Some of them are produced by chondrocytes and interact to regulate cartilage metabolism. In this study, we investigated the production of ... [more ▼]

Cytokines are potent regulators of the chondrocyte functions. Some of them are produced by chondrocytes and interact to regulate cartilage metabolism. In this study, we investigated the production of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), IL-6, IL-8 and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) by human chondrocytes and examined the modulation of their secretion by exogenous cytokines. Human articular chondrocytes were isolated from their extracellular matrix by a triple successive enzymatic digestion of the cartilage. Subsequently, chondrocytes were stimulated by increased amounts of human recombinant cytokines [IL-1 beta, tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha), IL-8, LIF, IL-6]. IL-1 beta, IL-6, IL-8 and LIF were assayed into culture media and inside cell extracts by specific enzyme amplified sensitivity immunoassays (EASIAs). Under these experimental conditions, we have identified various interactions between cytokines. IL-beta and TNF alpha highly stimulated IL-6, LIF and IL-8 productions. IL-6 decreased IL-8 synthesis and increased LIF production. IL-8 slightly enhanced IL-6 production. Finally, LIF stimulated IL-1 beta, IL-6 and IL-8 productions. Using neutralizing antibodies against IL-1, we demonstrated that the effects of LIF were secondary to the stimulation by LIF of IL-1 beta production by the chondrocytes. In conclusion, chondrocytes secrete a variety of immunocompetent cytokines including IL-1 beta, IL-6, IL-8 and LIF that can interact to regulate chondrocytes metabolism. These results also define new biological activities of LIF and IL-6, and raise questions concerning their role in the pathogenesis of joint diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailMembrane-type matrix metalloproteinase-1 expression at the site of human placentation
Nawrocki, B.; Polette, M. E.; Marchand, V. et al

in Placenta (1996), 17(8), 565-72

Human trophoblast implantation is a highly regulated process of invasion that requires action of proteolytic enzymes to degrade extracellular matrix components of the endometrium. Among these enzymes ... [more ▼]

Human trophoblast implantation is a highly regulated process of invasion that requires action of proteolytic enzymes to degrade extracellular matrix components of the endometrium. Among these enzymes, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) seem to be particularly important in this degradative process. We previously showed that gelatinase A is extensively expressed in vivo in the human placenta. A new MMP, MT-MMP-1 (membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase-1), which is thought to activate progelatinase A, has recently been described. In this study, we examined the expression of MT-MMP-1, by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, in human placental bed biopsies taken during the first trimester of gestation. Human first trimester intermediate trophoblasts synthesized MT-MMP-1 mRNAs and the protein. The MT-MMP-1 pattern of distribution in placental beds was similar to that of gelatinase A, suggesting a pivotal role for MT-MMP-1 in placentation, perhaps by activating progelatinase A. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Meaning of ``Formal''
Wolper, Pierre ULg

in ACM Computing Surveys (1996), 28(4es), 127

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See detailMiospore ranges near the D/C Boundary and extinction events.
Streel, Maurice ULg

in Newsletter. Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy (1996), 12

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See detailTreatment of osteoporosis
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Medycina Po Dyplomie (1996)

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See detailStructure-activity relationships in platelet-activating factor (PAF).7. Tetrahydrofuran derivatives as dual PAF antagonists and acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. Synthesis and PAF-antagonist activity
Le Texier, Laurence; Favre, Edith; Redeuilh, Catherine et al

in Journal of Lipid Mediators and Cell Signalling (1996), 13

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See detailChronic Exposure of Pigs to Airborne Dust and Endotoxins in an Environmental Chamber: Technical Note
Urbain, B.; Prouvost, J. F.; Beerens, Dominique ULg et al

in Veterinary Research (1996), 27(6), 569-578

A new experimental setup was developed to expose pigs to dust and airborne endotoxins in an environmental chamber, at levels liable to be encountered in pig farm buildings. The following parameters were ... [more ▼]

A new experimental setup was developed to expose pigs to dust and airborne endotoxins in an environmental chamber, at levels liable to be encountered in pig farm buildings. The following parameters were evaluated in a chamber containing two pigs of 10 kg body-weight: inhalable and respirable dust gravimetric concentrations were measured using area samplers and expressed as mg/m3. The respirable dust concentration was also measured using a "TM digital microP respirable dust-measuring instrument', which has been shown to give similar results to the gravimetric method. The endotoxin concentration was evaluated using the Limulus-assay and expressed as ng/m3 of air containing the inhalable or respirable dust or as ng/mg of inhalable and respirable dust. Feed flour dust was introduced into the chamber to obtain different concentrations of inhalable and respirable dust ranging from 3.62 to 76.66 mg/m3 and from 0.24 to 1.40 mg/m3, respectively. The endotoxin concentration was modulated by mixing the feed flour with Escherichia coli endotoxins before blowing it into the chamber. The endotoxin concentrations in the air containing inhalable or respirable dust ranged from 28.9 to 270.0 ng/m3 and from 2.22 to 36.38 ng/m3, respectively, depending on the amount of endotoxins added to the dust. Data were also obtained in a piggery. The experimental setup detailed in this paper could be used to study the significance of air contaminants in the development of pig respiratory diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois. Hemochromatose genetique
Collignon, Nathalie ULg; Delwaide, Jean ULg; Belaiche, Jacques ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(2), 150-153

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See detailOn the helminthofauna of wild mammals (Rodentia, Insectivora ans Lagomorpha) in Azores archipelago (Portugal)
Casanova, J. C.; Miquel, Jordi; Fons, Roger et al

in Vie et milieu (1996), 46(3-4), 253-259

The faunistic and ecological study of the helminthfaunas of mammals in Azorean islands is considered. 103 rodents (Rattus rattus L., 1758 and Mus musculus L., 1758) 9 insectivores (Erinaceus europaeus L ... [more ▼]

The faunistic and ecological study of the helminthfaunas of mammals in Azorean islands is considered. 103 rodents (Rattus rattus L., 1758 and Mus musculus L., 1758) 9 insectivores (Erinaceus europaeus L., 1758) and 19 lagomorphs (Oryctolagus cuniculus L., 1758) were analysed. The hosts been captured in several biotopes of thre islands (São Miguel, Terceira and Flores). 27 helminth species were detected (3 Digenea Trematoda, 5 Cestoda, 18 Nematoda and 1 Acantocephala). All hosts species show high prevalences and no significant differences were found between different islands. The helminthfaunas show typical features of a young island parasitofaunas. [less ▲]

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See detailLes traumatismes artériels thoraciques.
Sakalihasan, Natzi ULg; DEFRAIGNE, Jean ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg

in Vaisseaux, Coeur, Poumons (1996), 1(3), 97-101

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See detailAn investigation of the effects of daily physical education in kindergarten and elementary schools
Piéron, Maurice ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg; Delfosse, Catherine et al

in European Physical Education Review (1996), 2(2), 116-132

The project used different methods of data collection: tests, questionnaires and systematic observation of pupils and teachers. In developing a multiple viewpoint approach, we attenpted to sketch a ... [more ▼]

The project used different methods of data collection: tests, questionnaires and systematic observation of pupils and teachers. In developing a multiple viewpoint approach, we attenpted to sketch a detached view of the implementation of DPE and of tis results. Goals were as follows: (1) Exploring the possible effects of the programme in various areas of children's life that do not arise directly from their activities during physical education lessons. (2) Identifying children's school-life context, in order to identify factors influencing several effects of DPE. The various viewports considered, the results, and the knowledge of external variables all allowed us to identify a convergent package of indications, thus allowing us to think in terms of causality. Often, the benefits came from the children's involvement in the experimental programme. Improvements of motor performance in primary school age children arise from a maturation process and from practice and learning. Nevertheless, it is particularly hard to identify the relative contributions of these two sources. Tracing pupil's development, fro the starting level at beginning of the school year, appeared to allow isolation of the part played by children's activities whitin the school environement. In all grade levels, comparisons confirmed pilot classes superiority. Performances were significantly better in many tests. However, during the year, it seemed that the development of performance due to maturation masked the potential effects of physical activities. A decline in favourable attitudes was observed in every school at the beginning and the end of the school year. A slide from very favourable attitudes towards simply favourable attitudes was observed. ... [less ▲]

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See detailLes Deux Gredins et l'Ange énonciateur
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Alice (des littératures de jeunesse) (1996), 1

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See detailYves Panafieu, Le mystère Buzzati, Liancourt-Saint-Pierre, Y. P., 1995, 303
Curreri, Luciano ULg

in Studi buzzatiani (1996), 1

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See detailMiospores from the type locality of the middle Famennian Esneux Formation in the Ourthe Valley, eastern Belgium
Loboziak, S; Avkhimovich, V I; Streel, Maurice ULg

in Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique (1996), 119(2), 111-118

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See detailLigniculture et maintien de la fertilité des sols dans l'Ouest-Cameroun
Njoukam, Raphaël; Bock, Laurent ULg; Hebert, Jacques ULg et al

in Bois et Forêts des Tropiques (1996), (249), 33-49

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See detailHigh rotational excitation of NO infrared thermospheric airglow: A signature of superthermal nitrogen atoms?
Hubert, Benoît ULg; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Shematovich, Valeri I et al

in Geophysical Research Letters (1996), 23

The reaction between superthermal N([SUP]4[/SUP]S) atoms produced by exothermic processes and O[SUB]2[/SUB] has been proposed to explain observations of highly rotationally excited nitric oxide in the ... [more ▼]

The reaction between superthermal N([SUP]4[/SUP]S) atoms produced by exothermic processes and O[SUB]2[/SUB] has been proposed to explain observations of highly rotationally excited nitric oxide in the sunlit thermosphere. We examine the importance of this mechanism using a detailed calculation of the fast N([SUP]4[/SUP]S) atoms energy distribution. It is shown that the hot thermal N atoms are able to produce rotationally excited NO in the upper thermosphere through the reaction of O[SUB]2[/SUB] with N([SUP]4[/SUP]S). By contrast, near the NO peak at 110 km, the Maxwellian nitrogen atoms produce substantially less rovibrationally excited NO than the superthermal component. Consequently, the non Maxwellian N([SUP]4[/SUP]S) atoms show a clear spectral signature in the (1-0) and (2-1) bandheads at this altitude. The calculated rovibrationally excited NO concentration at 140 km is shown to be consistent with the value derived from the analysis of infrared airglow spectra. [less ▲]

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See detailYounger age as a bad prognostic factor in patients with carcinoma of the cervix.
Delaloye, J-F; Pampallona, S; COUCKE, Philippe ULg et al

in European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology & Reproductive Biology (1996)

Objective: To verify the influence of age on the prognosis of cervix carcinoma. Study design: Five hundred and sixty eight patients treated for a FIGO stage IB-IVA with radical irradiation in the Centre ... [more ▼]

Objective: To verify the influence of age on the prognosis of cervix carcinoma. Study design: Five hundred and sixty eight patients treated for a FIGO stage IB-IVA with radical irradiation in the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois of Lausanne were subdivided according to the following age categories: _<45, 46-60, 61-69 and > 70 years. Taking the 46-60 years age group as the reference, the hazard ratios (HR) of death and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated by means of a Cox multivariate analysis. Results: The 5-year survival rates were, respectively, 57%, 67%, 60% and 45%. For the youngest women the risk of death was significantly increased (HR = 2.00, 95% CI [1.32-3.00]) and was even more accentuated in advanced stages. Conclusion: Age under 45 years is a bad prognostic factor in carcinoma of the cervix. [less ▲]

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See detailHomogeneous Lyapunov Functions and Necessary Conditions for Stabilization
Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg; Aeyels, D.

in Journal of mathematics for control, signal and systems (1996), 9(1), 34-58

We provide necessary conditions for the stabilization of nonlinear control systems with the additional requirement that a time-invariant homogeneous Lyapunov function exists for the closed-loop system.

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See detailLa réforme du premier degré : Un défi à relever malgré un contexte difficile
Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Stegen, Pierre

in Education-Formation (1996), 244

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See detailGenetic aspects of abdominal aortic aneurysm.
VERLOES, Alain ULg; SakalihasanN, Natzi ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg et al

in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1996), 800

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See detailCytochemistry of the tergite epicuticle of Glomeris marginata (Villers) (MYRIAPODA, DIPLOPODA): preliminary experimental results
Compère, Philippe ULg; Defise, Stéphane; Goffinet, Gerhard ULg

in Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire naturelle (Paris) - Acta Myriapodologica (1996), 169

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See detailPenicillin and Beyond: Evolution, Protein Fold, Multimodular Polypeptides, and Multiprotein Complexes
Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Charlier, Paulette ULg; Coyette, Jacques et al

in Microbial Drug Resistance : Mechanism, Epidemiology, & Disease (1996), 2(2, Summer), 163-175

As the protein sequence and structure databases expand, the relationships between proteins, the notion of protein superfamily, and the driving forces of evolution are better understood. Key steps of the ... [more ▼]

As the protein sequence and structure databases expand, the relationships between proteins, the notion of protein superfamily, and the driving forces of evolution are better understood. Key steps of the synthesis of the bacterial cell wall peptidoglycan are revisited in light of these advances. The reactions through which the D-alanyl-D-alanine depeptide is formed, utilized, and hydrolyzed and the sites of action of the glycopeptide and beta-lactam antibiotics illustrate the concept according to which new enzyme functions evolve as a result of tinkering of existing proteins. This occurs by the acquisition of local structural changes, the fusion into multimodular polypeptides, and the association into multiprotein complexes. [less ▲]

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See detailLa réforme du premier degré en Communauté française de Belgique veut relever le défi d'une pédagogie de la réussite
Beckers, Jacqueline ULg

in Recherche en Education. Théorie & Pratique (1996), 5-6

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See detailChanges in gene expression in the leaf of Lolium temulentum L. Ceres during the photoperiodic induction of flowering
Périlleux, Claire ULg; Ongena, Philippe; Bernier, Georges ULg

in Planta (1996), 200(1), 32-40

Unifoliated plants of Lolium temulentum L. Ceres were induced to flower by a unique 24-h long day (LD) consisting of the extension of the regular 8-h short day (SD) (400 µmol photons·m-2·s-1, fluorescence ... [more ▼]

Unifoliated plants of Lolium temulentum L. Ceres were induced to flower by a unique 24-h long day (LD) consisting of the extension of the regular 8-h short day (SD) (400 µmol photons·m-2·s-1, fluorescence + incandescence) with incandescence at 10–15 µmol photonsm -2·s-1. The polyadenylated-RNA complement of leaf blade tissues was analysed at 4-h intervals during the photoperiod extension in LD vs. SD, by using two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to resolve in-vitro-translated products. Of the 991 spots that were analysed, none appeared or disappeared during the inductive cycle, i.e. no qualitative effect of floral induction was detected, at any time. Sixty-eight spots were found whose intensity was influenced by lengthening of the photoperiod; 50 of them, i.e. ca. 5 of the population analysed, were affected before the end of the extension period and were thus potentially related to floral induction. Many of these RNAs were not quantitatively constant during a 24-h cycle in SD. Seven of them oscillated according to the ‘light-on’ and the ‘light-off’ signals, among which three seemed to be controlled by phytochrome since their relative amount increased under the standard light conditions but decreased under incandescence even faster than in darkness. The large majority of other RNAs varied with a timing that was not clearly driven by the alternation of light and darkness, indicating that genes related to the biological clock may be especially sensitive to the lengthening of the photoperiod. Furthermore, seven spots were observed that underwent a phase-shift in LD, which consisted, for six of them, of a phase advance of 4–8 h. The steady-state level of CAB mRNA was analysed because the CAB gene family (encoding the chlorophyll a/b-binding proteins of the light-harvesting complexes) is known to be controlled both by the biological clock and phytochrome. In SD, the level was high in the light and low in darkness; the fluctuation was conducted by a circadian rhythm. When plants were exposed to the inductive LD, the peak of mRNA accumulation that was expected according to the endogenous rhythmicity was abolished, possibly because of the change in light quality during the LD extension. [less ▲]

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See detailForeword
Fontana, Roberta; Canepari, Pietro; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg

in Microbial Drug Resistance : Mechanism, Epidemiology, & Disease (1996), 2(1), 5-5

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See detailHeat shock-induced myocardial protection against ischemic injury: a role for Hsp70?
Plumier, Jean-Christophe ULg; Currie, R. W.

in Cell Stress & Chaperones (1996), 1(1), 13-7

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See detailThe seasonality of the CO2 exchange between the atmosphere and the land biosphere: A study with a global mechanistic vegetation model
Nemry, B.; François, Louis ULg; Warnant, Pierre ULg et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research (1996), 101(D3), 7111-7125

Two simulations of the seasonal variation of the global atmospheric CO2 distribution are obtained by combining an atmospheric transport model, two parameterizations of soil heterotrophic respiration (SHR ... [more ▼]

Two simulations of the seasonal variation of the global atmospheric CO2 distribution are obtained by combining an atmospheric transport model, two parameterizations of soil heterotrophic respiration (SHR), and a mechanistic model of carbon assimilation in the biosphere (CARAIB) that estimates the net primary production (NPP) of continental vegetation. The steady state hypothesis of the biosphere allows the spatial distribution and the global content of the soil carbon to be expressed as a function of the root fractions of soil respiration under forested and herbaceous vegetation covers. The sensitivity of the modeled CO2 signal to the wind field does not exceed the observed interannual variability. The influence of the various vegetation zones is quantified by the Fourier analysis of the modeled atmospheric signal. In the northern hemisphere, the temperate ecosystems dominate the seasonal atmospheric signal of the extratropical latitudes. The ecosystems of the tropical northern zone determine the local signal, while the southern tropical ecosystems influence largely the signal in the whole southern hemisphere. The results give credence to the mechanistic modeling of NPP since the simulated atmospheric signal is comparable with that obtained with normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) based diagnostic models coupled with a parameterization of SHR fitted to optimize the atmospheric signal. [less ▲]

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See detailCritical Evaluation of the DNA-methyl Green Assay: Application to Some Indole Alkaloids
Bonjean, K.; Gillet, Marie-Claire ULg; Bassleer, R. et al

in Phytotherapy Research (1996), 10

A DNA-methyl green colorimetric microassay for the detection of agents that interact with DNA was assessed with reference molecules (doxorubicin, ellipticine, melinonine F, dihydroflavopereirine, cis-Pt ... [more ▼]

A DNA-methyl green colorimetric microassay for the detection of agents that interact with DNA was assessed with reference molecules (doxorubicin, ellipticine, melinonine F, dihydroflavopereirine, cis-Pt, mitomycin C, emetine or colchicine). This test showed some promise as a screening technique for substances that intercalate partly or totally into the DNA helix but it is not suitable for substances that bind covalently to DNA. An application of this test to a number of indole alkaloids was also performed. Cryptolepine, serpentine, alstonine and matadine induced a reduction of the colour of the solution, so indicating an interaction with DNA. [less ▲]

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