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See detailLa vertu du compromis : Dimensions éthique et pragmatique de l’accord
Nachi, Mohamed ULg

in Revue interdisciplinaire d’études juridiques (2001), 46(1), 81-110

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See detailImmunocytochemistry of the golden hamster pituitary during chronic administration of diethylstilbestrol: a quantitative analysis using laser scanning microscopy
Van Cauwenberge, A.; Nonclercq, D.; Laurent, G. et al

in Histochemistry & Cell Biology (2001), 115

The aim of this study was to examine by immunohistochemistry the morphologic changes affecting pituitary cell populations in male Syrian hamsters undergoing chronic exposure (3 days to 9 months) to ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to examine by immunohistochemistry the morphologic changes affecting pituitary cell populations in male Syrian hamsters undergoing chronic exposure (3 days to 9 months) to diethylstilbestrol (DES). Cell proliferation in the hypophysis was monitored by the immunohistochemical demonstration of S-phase cells after pulse labeling with 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine. Cell proliferation analysis was combined with the identification of different cell populations by immunostaining with antisera raised against hypophyseal hormones. Sections processed for double-label immunofluorescence were examined by confocal microscopy. In the adenohypophysis, the relative surface occupied by gonadotrophs and thyrotrophs decreased rapidly during the first months of treatment while corticotroph and somatotroph populations remained unaffected. Accordingly, the incidence of S-phase cells in these four cell populations was lower than or similar to control values. In contrast, lactotrophs increased gradually during the first month of exposure to DES to reach a maximum value at 2-4 months. At the beginning, this increase was primarily due to hyperplasia but later on it also involved cellular hypertrophy. Somatomammotrophs did not seem to be involved in this model. In the pars intermedia, the labeling index of melanotrophs rose rapidly to reach values 5-6 times higher than controls. After 4 months, neoplasms originating from the pars intermedia were seen invading both the neuro- and the adenohypophysis. At the end of treatment, the pituitary was markedly enlarged resulting from the development of an adenoma of the pars intermedia [less ▲]

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See detailPour un comparatisme heuristique. Répertoire d’évaluation, identité morale et dignité de la personne
Nachi, Mohamed ULg

in The Tocqueville Review/La revue Tocqueville (2001), 22(2), 105-123

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See detailComparison of G1.2/G2.2 and Sydney IVF cleavage/blastocyst sequential media for the culture of human embryos: a prospective, randomized, comparative study.
Van Langendonckt, Anne; Demylle, Dominique; Wyns, Christine et al

in Fertility and Sterility (2001), 76(5), 1023-31

Objective: To compare two commercially available sequential media, G1.2/G2.2 and Sydney IVF cleavage/blastocyst media, as supports for human embryo culture. Design: Prospective randomized study. Setting ... [more ▼]

Objective: To compare two commercially available sequential media, G1.2/G2.2 and Sydney IVF cleavage/blastocyst media, as supports for human embryo culture. Design: Prospective randomized study. Setting: University-based IVF clinic. Patient(s): Two hundred forty-nine patients undergoing IVF treatment for the first or second time, randomly allocated at the time of oocyte retrieval, to either culture in G1.2/G2.2 or Sydney IVF media. Intervention(s): Oocyte recovery, IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection, embryo culture, transfer on day 3 or day 5/6. Main Outcome Measure(s): Developmental stage on day 3, blastocyst rate, pregnancy outcome as assessed by βhCG positive test, implantation rates, and ongoing pregnancies. Result(s): Embryos cultured in G1.2/G2.2 media displayed a faster kinetics of cleavage, compaction, blastulation, and hatching, but a lower day 3 embryo quality than those grown in Sydney IVF media. For patients with at least five embryos, G1.2/G2.2 media yielded higher implantation rates (26.2%) in our day 3 embryo transfer program when compared to Sydney IVF medium (15.5%), whereas similar implantation rates were obtained for day 5/6 embryo transfer for both media (43.1% and 36.1%, respectively). Conclusion(s): In our day 3 embryo transfer program, G1.2/G2.2 media were superior to Sydney IVF media, whereas both media yielded similar outcomes in our blastocyst transfer program. [less ▲]

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See detailAndrogen-driven prostate epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation in vivo involve the regulation of p27.
Waltregny, David ULg; Leav, Irwin; Signoretti, Sabina et al

in Molecular Endocrinology (2001), 15(5), 765-82

Androgens control both growth and differentiation of the normal prostate gland. However, the mechanisms by which androgens act upon the cell cycle machinery to regulate these two fundamental processes are ... [more ▼]

Androgens control both growth and differentiation of the normal prostate gland. However, the mechanisms by which androgens act upon the cell cycle machinery to regulate these two fundamental processes are largely unknown. The cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) inhibitor p27 is a negative cell cycle regulator involved in differentiation-associated growth arrest. Here, we investigate the role and regulation of p27 in the testosterone proprionate (TP)-stimulated regeneration of the ventral prostate (VP) of castrated rats. Continuous TP administration to castrated rats triggered epithelial cell proliferation, which peaked at 72 h, and then declined despite further treatment. Castration-induced atrophy of the VP was associated with a significant increase in p27 expression as compared with the VP of intact animals. Twelve hours after the initiation of androgen treatment, total p27 levels as well as its fraction bound to cdk2, its main target, significantly dropped in the VP of castrated rats. Thereafter, concomitantly to the induction of epithelial cell proliferation, the glandular morphology of VP was progressively restored at 48-96 h of TP treatment. During this period of the regenerative process, whereas both proliferating basal and secretory epithelial cells did not express p27, the protein was selectively up-regulated in the nonproliferating secretory epithelial compartment. This up-regulation of p27 expression was coincident with an increase in its association with, and presumably inhibition of, cdk2. At each time point of TP treatment, p27 abundance in the VP was inversely correlated with the level of its proteasome-dependent degradation activity measured in vitro in VP lysates, whereas only slight changes in the amount of p27 transcripts were detected. In addition, the antiandrogen flutamide blocked maximal TP-induced p27 degradation completely. Finally, the expression of skp2, the ubiquitin ligase that targets p27 for degradation, was seen to increase with androgen administration, preceding maximal proliferation and concomitantly to augmented p27 degradation activity. Taken together, our data indicate that androgens mediate both proliferation and differentiation signals in normal prostate epithelial cells in vivo, through regulation of p27. [less ▲]

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See detailWhen should triptans be taken during a migraine attack?
Schoenen, Jean ULg

in CNS Drugs (2001), 15(8), 583-7

The common strategy to treat a migraine attack as soon as it begins, made for classical acute antimigraine treatments such as ergotamine and analgesics, has not been transposed to the triptans. The ... [more ▼]

The common strategy to treat a migraine attack as soon as it begins, made for classical acute antimigraine treatments such as ergotamine and analgesics, has not been transposed to the triptans. The recommendation to delay triptan intake until headache intensity is at least moderate is merely a habit generated by the protocol used in triptan trials and a nonvalidated attempt to reduce costs. It is also favoured by the few studies suggesting that sumatriptan is less effective when given early in an attack, especially during the aura phase. Recent retrospective analyses of small numbers of 'protocol violators' in controlled trials of sumatriptan suggest that the drug is more efficient when taken while the headache is mild. Pain-free responses and therapeutic gains over aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid)-metoclopramide or ergotamine-caffeine combinations were increased under these conditions. The available circumstantial evidence is reviewed and discussed. Before any conclusion can be drawn and recommendation made, results are awaited from randomised controlled trials specifically addressing whether or not triptans are more efficient in mild headache. Meanwhile, there seems to be no medical reason to withhold treatment of a mild headache with a triptan as long as triptan intake does not exceed 1 or 2 doses per week. Most mild headaches in patients with migraine appear indeed to be mild migraine attacks, even when the headache characteristics are those of tension-type headache. [less ▲]

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See detailEvolutionary history of the most speciose mammals: molecular phylogeny of muroid rodents.
Michaux, Johan ULg; Reyes, A.; Catzeflis, F.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution (2001), 18(11), 2017-31

Phylogenetic relationships between 32 species of rodents representing 14 subfamilies of Muridae and four subfamilies of Dipodidae were studied using sequences of the nuclear protein-coding genes Lecithin ... [more ▼]

Phylogenetic relationships between 32 species of rodents representing 14 subfamilies of Muridae and four subfamilies of Dipodidae were studied using sequences of the nuclear protein-coding genes Lecithin Cholesterol Acyl Transferase (LCAT) and von Willebrand Factor (vWF). An examination of some evolutionary properties of each data matrix indicates that the two genes are rather complementary, with lower rates of nonsynonymous substitutions for LCAT. Both markers exhibit a wide range of GC3 percentages (55%-89%), with several taxa above 70% GC3 for vWF, which indicates that those exonic regions might belong to the richest class of isochores. The primary sequence data apparently harbor few saturations, except for transitions on third codon positions for vWF, as indicated by comparisons of observed and expected pairwise values of substitutions. Phylogenetic trees based on 1,962 nucleotidic sites from the two genes indicate that the 14 Muridae subfamilies are organized into five major lineages. An early isolation leads to the clade uniting the fossorial Spalacinae and semifossorial Rhizomyinae with a strong robustness. The second lineage includes a series of African taxa representing nesomyines, dendromurines, cricetomyines, and the sole living member of mystromyines. The third one comprises only the mouselike hamster CALOMYSCUS: The fourth clade represents the cricetines, myospalacines, sigmodontines, and arvicolines, whereas the fifth one comprises four "traditional" subfamilies (Gerbillinae, Murinae, Otomyinae, and Acomyinae). Within these groups, we confirm the monophyly of almost all studied subfamilies, namely, Spalacinae, Rhizomyinae, Nesomyinae, Cricetomyinae, Arvicolinae, Sigmodontinae, Cricetinae, Gerbillinae, Acomyinae, and Murinae. Finally, we present evidence that the sister group of Acomyinae is Gerbillinae, and we confirm a nested position of Myospalacinae within Cricetinae and Otomyinae within Murinae. From a biogeographical point of view, the five main lineages spread and radiated from Asia with different degrees of success: the first three groups are now represented by a limited number of species and genera localized in some regions, whereas the last two groups radiated in a large variety of species and genera dispersed all over the world. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Developments of Cold-rolled TRIP-assisted Multiphase Steels. Al-alloyed TRIP-assisted Multiphase Steels
Jacques, Pascal J.; Girault, Etienne; Mertens, Anne ULg et al

in ISIJ International (2001), 41(9), 1068-1074

The influence of heat-treating conditions on the retention of carbon-enriched austenite of TRIP-assisted multiphase steel grades containing different amounts of silicon and/or aluminium is investigated ... [more ▼]

The influence of heat-treating conditions on the retention of carbon-enriched austenite of TRIP-assisted multiphase steel grades containing different amounts of silicon and/or aluminium is investigated. The ensuing mechanical properties resulting from the TRIP effect are also scrutinised. The bainite transformation kinetics was followed by dilatometry whereas a detailed characterisation of the microstructures led to the construction off transformation maps giving the volume fractions of the different phases and the carbon content of the austenite. The role of silicon and aluminium additions (i)on the retention of austenite by partial bainite transformation and (ii) on the mechanical properties is enlightened. A strong influence of the solid-solution strengthening effect of silicon is highlighted. Aluminium seems to be an effective alloying element for the retention of austenite in TRIP-aided steels even if lower strength levels can be attained. A mixed Al-Si TRIP-aided steel seems to be a very good compromise between the processing needs, the required mechanical properties and the industrial constraints. [less ▲]

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See detailBone sialoprotein, bone morphogenetic protein 6 and thymidine phosphorylase expression in localized human prostatic adenocarcinoma as predictors of clinical outcome: a clinicopathological and immunohistochemical study of 43 cases.
De Pinieux, Gonzague; Flam, Thierry; Zerbib, Marc et al

in Journal of Urology (The) (2001), 166(5), 1924-30

PURPOSE: Skeletal metastases are the hallmark of advanced prostate cancer and recurrence after local surgery is common. Currently to our knowledge no biological markers predict the risk of disease ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE: Skeletal metastases are the hallmark of advanced prostate cancer and recurrence after local surgery is common. Currently to our knowledge no biological markers predict the risk of disease progression in individuals with localized prostate cancer. In a search for predictive markers we evaluated the expression of bone sialoprotein and bone morphogenetic protein 6, 2 bone related proteins, and the angiogenic factor thymidine phosphorylase. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population included 43 men who presented with localized prostate cancer treated with radical prostatectomy. Bone sialoprotein, bone morphogenetic protein 6 and thymidine phosphorylase expression was assessed by immunohistochemical testing. Results were analyzed in relation to pathological disease stage, Gleason score and clinical outcome. Clinical followup was 4.3 to 11.4 years after surgery (median 7.9). RESULTS: Disease did not progress in 17 of the 43 cases, while recurrence and/or metastasis developed in the other 26 at a median of 6.5 and 6.9 years, respectively. Bone sialoprotein and bone morphogenetic protein 6 expression detected in 28 (65%) and 29 (67%) of the 43 samples, respectively, was significantly associated (p = 0.0001). Thymidine phosphorylase detected in 26 samples (60%) was not related to bone sialoprotein and/or bone morphogenetic protein 6 positivity. Bone sialoprotein and/or bone morphogenetic protein 6 expression correlated with bone metastasis, while thymidine phosphorylase expression was related to local recurrence (p = 0.002 and/or 0.007, and 0.00007, respectively). On multivariate analysis only the correlation of thymidine phosphorylase expression with recurrence remained statistically significant (p = 0.002). Co-expression of the 3 markers was observed in the samples of 10 of the 11 patients (90%) with bone metastases and only in 5 of the 17 (29%) who were disease-free. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that the expression of bone sialoprotein, bone morphogenetic protein 6 and thymidine phosphorylase determined at a clinically early stage of disease by a simple immunohistochemical technique would enable subgroups of patients to be identified that are at different risks of bone metastasis or recurrence. Detection of such markers would provide additional prognostic information that would be useful for patients with intermediate or low Gleason score or stage disease. These patients would benefit from a more adapted clinical follow-up. [less ▲]

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See detailRe-inventing the wheel or adding one to the headache pathogenesis vehicle.
Schoenen, Jean ULg

in Cephalalgia : An International Journal of Headache (2001), 21(8), 796-7

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See detailFracture prevention in postmenopausal women
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Clinical Evidence (2001), 6

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See detailA simplified one-pot synthesis of 9-[(3-[18F]fluoro-1-hydroxy-2-propoxy)methyl]guanine([18F]FHPG) and 9-(4-[18F]fluoro-3-hydroxymethylbutyl)guanine ([18F]FHBG) for gene therapy.
Shiue, Grace G.; Shiue, Ching-Yann; Lee, Roland L. et al

in Nuclear Medicine & Biology (2001), 28(7), 875-83

9-[(3-[18F]Fluoro-1-hydroxy-2-propoxy)methyl]guanine ([18F]FHPG, 2) has been synthesized by nucleophilic substitution of N(2)-(p-anisyldiphenylmethyl)-9-[[1-(p-anisyldiphenylmethoxy)-3-toluenesulfonylox y ... [more ▼]

9-[(3-[18F]Fluoro-1-hydroxy-2-propoxy)methyl]guanine ([18F]FHPG, 2) has been synthesized by nucleophilic substitution of N(2)-(p-anisyldiphenylmethyl)-9-[[1-(p-anisyldiphenylmethoxy)-3-toluenesulfonylox y-2-propoxy]methyl]guanine (1) with potassium [18F]fluoride/Kryptofix 2.2.2 followed by deprotection with 1 N HCl and purification with different methods in variable yields. When both the nucleophilic substitution and deprotection were carried out at 90 degrees C and the product was purified by HPLC (method A), the yield of compound 2 was 5-10% and the synthesis time was 90 min from EOB. However, if both the nucleophilic substitution and deprotection were carried out at 120 degrees C and the product was purified by HPLC, the yield of compound 2 decreased to 2%. When compound 2 was synthesized at 90 degrees C and purified by Silica Sep-Pak (method B), the yield increased to 10-15% and the synthesis time was 60 min from EOB. Similarly, 9-(4-[18F]fluoro-3-hydroxymethylbutyl)guanine ([18F]FHBG, 4) was synthesized with method A and method B in 9% and 10-15% yield, respectively, in a synthesis time of 90 and 60 min, respectively, from EOB. Compound 2 was relatively unstable in acidic medium at 120 degrees C while compound 4 was stable under the same condition. Both compound 2 and compound 4 had low lipid/water partition coefficient (0.126 +/- 0.022, n=5 and 0.165 +/- 0.023, n=5, respectively). Although it contains non-radioactive ganciclovir ( approximately 5-30 microg) as a chemical by-product, compound 2 synthesized by method B has a similar uptake in 9L glioma cells as that synthesized by method A, and is a potential tracer for imaging herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene expression in tumors using PET. Similarly, compound 4 synthesized by method B contains approximately 10-25 microg of penciclovir as a chemical by-product. Thus, the simplified one pot synthesis (method B) is a useful method for synthesizing both compound 2 and compound 4 in good yield for routine clinical use, and the method is readily amenable for automation. [less ▲]

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See detailDidactique de l'énonciation, l'énonciation en didactique
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Texte : Revue de Critique et de Théorie Littéraire (2001), (27-28), 209-218

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See detailComparative study of twenty nine non parametric interaction tests in two-way layouts
Van Belle, Laurent; Claustriaux, Jean-Jacques ULg

in Multiciência (2001), 4(2), 179-196

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See detailRevascularisation coronaire a coeur battant par pontages exclusivement arteriels
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; GRENADE, Thierry ULg; Dresse, Denise ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(6), 431-2

A case of complete arterial revascularization using both mammary arteries and the left radial artery is reported. The operation was done on the beating heart with the adjunct of a Y graft owing to a ... [more ▼]

A case of complete arterial revascularization using both mammary arteries and the left radial artery is reported. The operation was done on the beating heart with the adjunct of a Y graft owing to a severely calcified ascending aorta. This observation is the occasion to review the basic principles of beating heart surgery. [less ▲]

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See detailHistologic localization of PLAG1 (pleomorphic adenoma gene 1) in pleomorphic adenoma of the salivary gland: cytogenetic evidence of common origin of phenotypically diverse cells.
Debiec-Rychter, M.; Van Valckenborgh, I.; Van den Broeck, C. et al

in Laboratory Investigation : Journal of Technical Methods & Pathology (2001), 81(9), 1289-97

Pleomorphic adenoma gene 1 (PLAG1), a zinc finger transcription factor gene, is consistently rearranged and overexpressed in human pleomorphic adenomas of the salivary glands with 8q12 translocations. In ... [more ▼]

Pleomorphic adenoma gene 1 (PLAG1), a zinc finger transcription factor gene, is consistently rearranged and overexpressed in human pleomorphic adenomas of the salivary glands with 8q12 translocations. In this report, we describe the immunohistochemical localization of PLAG1 protein in pleomorphic adenomas of the salivary gland and corresponding normal tissue, in relation to cytokeratin, vimentin, and BCL-2 expression. Normal salivary gland tissue was not immunoreactive for PLAG1. In primary pleomorphic adenomas, cells strongly immunoreactive for PLAG1 were detected in the outer layer of tubulo-ductal structures, which are thought to be the origin of cells with bi-directional, epithelial, and mesenchymal phenotypes. In contrast, epithelial cells with abundant cytokeratin in the inner tubulo-ductal structures only sporadically expressed PLAG1. BCL-2 immunoreactivity was found mainly in the cells surrounding the tubulo-ductal structures and in the solid undifferentiated cellular masses, within the areas that had moderate PLAG1 immunoreactivity. The variability of PLAG1 expression in neoplastic cells seemed to reflect the morphologic heterogeneity that correlated with the stage of differentiation of the tumor cells. Immunohistochemical/cytogenetic evaluation of two pleomorphic adenomas with t(3;8)(p21;q12) or t(5;8)(p13;q12) translocations demonstrated the clonal nature of immunophenotypically diverse cells. This finding confirms the theory that pleomorphic adenoma cells share a common single-cell origin, most likely from the epithelial progenitor basal duct cells. [less ▲]

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See detailReconnaissance mutuelle, double incrimination et territorialité
Flore, Daniel ULg

in La reconnaissance mutuelle des décisions judiciaires pénales dans l’Union européenne (2001)

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois. Remplacement complet de l'aorte ascendante et de la crosse aortique dans un cas de dissection aortique chronique
DURIEUX, Rodolphe ULg; RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; GRENADE, Thierry ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(3), 140-3

We report the case of a patient who developed an evolutive chronic aortic dissection after ascending aorta replacement for acute type A aortic dissection. Owing to the development of severe aortic ... [more ▼]

We report the case of a patient who developed an evolutive chronic aortic dissection after ascending aorta replacement for acute type A aortic dissection. Owing to the development of severe aortic regurgitation, aortic root pseudoaneurysm and aneurysmal dilatation of the arch and descending aorta, reoperation was adviced. Reoperation included Cabrol modification of the Bentall operation and aortic arch replacement with elephant trunk performed under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. The incidence of late aneurysmal formation in type 1 aortic dissection has been reported to be 30%. Close postoperative follow-up of the aortic diameter is necessary to detect a critical dilatation and to permit elective reoperation. [less ▲]

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See detailPeter Johnson, Love Poems for the Millenium
Delville, Michel ULg

in Literary Review (2001)

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See detailPrognostic value of decremental responses to repetitive nerve stimulation in ALS patients.
Wang, François-Charles ULg; De Pasqua, Victor ULg; Gerard, Pascale ULg et al

in Neurology (2001), 57(5), 897-9

Decrement of the thenar compound muscle action potentials (CMAP), after repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) of the median nerve at 3 Hz, was evaluated in patients with ALS before riluzole therapy. CMAP ... [more ▼]

Decrement of the thenar compound muscle action potentials (CMAP), after repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) of the median nerve at 3 Hz, was evaluated in patients with ALS before riluzole therapy. CMAP size as well as motor unit number and size estimates were evaluated twice before and after 1 year of riluzole therapy. The correlation between decrement and CMAP size reduction per year was highly significant (r = 0.77), but no relationship could be demonstrated between decrement and other variables. The authors thus propose that decrement after RNS may be used as a predictor of further drop in CMAP size. [less ▲]

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See detailSpatial distribution of foraging in female Antarctic fur seals Actocephalus gazella in relation to oceanographic variables : a scale dependent approach using geographical information system
Guinet, Christophe; Dubroca, Laurent; Lea, Mary Anne et al

in Marine Ecology. Progress Series (2001), 219

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See detailA psycho-endocrinological overview of transsexualism
Michel, Aude; Mormont, Christian ULg; Legros, Jean-Jacques ULg

in European Journal of Endocrinology (2001), 145(4), 365-376

The technical possibility of surgical sex change has opened up a debate concerning the legitimacy and utility of carrying out such an intervention at the request of the transsexual. Diagnostic ... [more ▼]

The technical possibility of surgical sex change has opened up a debate concerning the legitimacy and utility of carrying out such an intervention at the request of the transsexual. Diagnostic, psychological, medical and ethical arguments have been brought forth, both for and against. Nonetheless, anatomical transformation by surgical means has currently become a practice as the frequency of serious gender identity disorders is constantly progressing. After a brief introduction, the present paper will consider typological, aetiological and epidemiological aspects of transsexualism. Treatment of the sex change applicant is then defined and discussed in terms of psychological, psychiatric, endocrinological and surgical aspects. Finally, the question of post-operation follow-up will be examined. [less ▲]

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See detailPathology of morbillivirus infections in marine mammals
Jauniaux, Thierry ULg; Coignoul, Freddy ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2001), 145(2), 76-

Morbillivirus infections were described since 1988 in marine mammals including pinnipeds and cetaceans. Since, numerous outbreaks, responsible for thousands marine mammals death, as well as sporadic cases ... [more ▼]

Morbillivirus infections were described since 1988 in marine mammals including pinnipeds and cetaceans. Since, numerous outbreaks, responsible for thousands marine mammals death, as well as sporadic cases, have occurred in various populations from North Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea, Baikal Lake, Caspian Sea, and recently from northern Pacific. Clinical signs and macroscopic lesions are similar between species infected by morbillivirus and are close to those reported in dog with canine distemper. Under microscope, characteristic les ions are interstitial bronchopneumonia, lymphoid depletion and subacute encephalitis. Syncytia and inclusion bodies are frequently observed in lesions and epithelia. Lymphoid depletion promotes secondary infections by opportunistic pathogens, responsible in many cases of the animals death. Various parameters explain the high sensibility of certain population such as the species, the naive immunological status and vectors intervention for the disease. [less ▲]

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See detailNotes sur la présence d'Indra dans le panthéon ârya
Swennen, Philippe ULg

in Studi Epigrafici e Linguistici sul Vicino Oriente Antico (2001), 18

The indo-iranian use of the compound adjective skt. haryaçva op. zariasba suggests that the god Indra was already known in the common ârya pantheon.

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See detailIntérêt économique de la « poldérisation fluviale ».
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Revue du CEBEDEAU (2001), 54(609), 24-26

Economic valuation of goods and jobs protected from flooding through the demerger in Wallonia

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See detailComment j'explore ... la musculature paravertebrale lombaire dans les radiculopathies par electromyographie.
Tomasella, Marco ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg; WANG, François-Charles ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(10), 716-22

Lumbar paraspinal muscles examination is an interesting part of the electrodiagnostic evaluation of patients with suspected lumbosacral radiculopathy. However, many electromyographers hesitate to ... [more ▼]

Lumbar paraspinal muscles examination is an interesting part of the electrodiagnostic evaluation of patients with suspected lumbosacral radiculopathy. However, many electromyographers hesitate to routinely include that technique in their study of lower limbs. The purpose of this paper is to specify the anatomy and electrophysiologic data of multifidus lumbar paraspinal muscle. Previous anatomic studies indicate that the medial lumbar multifidus and lumbar interspinalis muscles share unisegmental innervation by the dorsal ram of the spinal nerve. Electromyography of these muscles can improve the sensitivity of lumbosacral radiculopathy detection. Multi-MUP analysis of quantitative electromyographic parameters in lumbar paraspinal muscles, in a population of 75 healthy subjects without back pain, allowed to set up normal values for the L5 myotome. [less ▲]

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See detailMorbillivirus in common seals stranded on the coasts of Belgium and northern France during summer 1998
Jauniaux, Thierry ULg; Boseret, Géraldine ULg; Desmecht, M. et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2001), 148(19), 587-591

Sixteen common seals (Phoca vitulina) were stranded on the Belgian and northern French coasts during the summer of 1998. Eleven (10 pups and one adult) were sampled for histopathological ... [more ▼]

Sixteen common seals (Phoca vitulina) were stranded on the Belgian and northern French coasts during the summer of 1998. Eleven (10 pups and one adult) were sampled for histopathological, immunohistochemical, serological. bacteriological, parasitological and virological investigations. The main gross findings were severe emaciation, acute haemorrhagic enteritis, acute pneumonia, interstitial pulmonary emphysema and oedema, and chronic ulcerative stomatitis. Microscopical lung findings were acute to subacute pneumonia with interstitial oedema and emphysema. Severe lymphocytic depletion was observed in lymph nodes. Severe acute to subacute meningoencephalitis was observed in one animal. Specific staining with two monoclonal antibodies directed against canine distemper virus (CDV) and phocine distemper virus was observed in a few lymphocytes in the spleen and lymph nodes of three seals. Anti-CDV neutralising antibodies were detected in sera from six animals. Seven of the seals were positive by reverse transcriptase-PCR for the morbillivirus phosphoprotein gene. The lesions observed were consistent with those in animals infected by a morbillivirus, and demonstrated that distemper has recently recurred in North Sea seals. [less ▲]

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See detailSémiotique et sciences cognitives : une mise en contexte
Badir, Sémir ULg

in Bulletin de l'Association française de sémiotique (2001), 1

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See detailPlace de la tomographie d'émission de positons dans le suivi thérapeutique du cancer du sein
Jerusalem, Guy ULg; Belhocine, Tarik; Silvestre, Rose-Marie et al

in Médecine Nucléaire : Imagerie Fonctionnelle et Métabolique (2001), 25(6), 341-346

La tomographie à émission de positons (TEP) au 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) fait l'objet d'un nombre croissant d'applications cliniques en oncologie surtout dans le bilan d'extension et le bilan de fin de ... [more ▼]

La tomographie à émission de positons (TEP) au 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) fait l'objet d'un nombre croissant d'applications cliniques en oncologie surtout dans le bilan d'extension et le bilan de fin de traitement. Un domaine très prometteur mais peu étudié est l'utilisation de la TEP dans l'évaluation thérapeutique précoce. Nous passons en revue les données de la littérature concernant la place de la TEP dans l'évaluation précoce de la réponse thérapeutique chez des patientes atteintes de cancer du sein. La TEP permet d'identifier précocement les patientes qui ont une grande probabilité de présenter une réponse tumorale facorable à une chimiothérapie néoadjuvante (chimiothérapie première). Cependant, non propres travaux chez des patientes atteintes de cancer du sein métastatique sont moins prometteurs. La poursuite des travaux de recherche est indispensable pour mieux connaître le bénéfice réel et les limites d'une évaluation thérapeutique précoce. [less ▲]

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See detailFine-mapping and construction of a bovine contig spanning the ovine callipyge locus.
Shay, T. L.; Berghmans, S.; SEGERS, Karin ULg et al

in Mammalian Genome : Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society (2001), 12(2), 141-9

The callipyge (CLPG) gene was fine-mapped by linkage analysis to a 4.6-cM chromosome interval on distal ovine OAR18q, flanked by microsatellite markers IDVGA30 and OY3. The OAR18q linkage map and human ... [more ▼]

The callipyge (CLPG) gene was fine-mapped by linkage analysis to a 4.6-cM chromosome interval on distal ovine OAR18q, flanked by microsatellite markers IDVGA30 and OY3. The OAR18q linkage map and human HSA14q transcript map were aligned by genotyping two bovine-hamster whole-genome radiation hybrid panels with the microsatellite markers, as well as with sequences corresponding to HSA 14q genes. Using Type I loci mapping to the IDVGA30-OY3 interval as anchor points, we have constructed a 1.4-Mb bovine BAC contig containing the IDVGA30-OY3 interval. We demonstrate that the IDVGA30-OY3 interval spans approximately 770 kb and contains at least four genes: YY1, WARS, DLK1, and GTL2. [less ▲]

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See detailLa sensibilisation du personnel dans le cadre de la mise en place d'un système de management environnemental : une porte d'entrée pour l'éducation relative à l'environnement dans l'entreprise ?
Domasik, Marie-Claire ULg; Semal, Nathalie ULg; Von Frenckell, Marianne ULg

in Education relative à l'environnement- Regards, recherches, réflexions (2001), 3

The increasing needs of enterprises in environmental training, in relation with the rise in environmental management systems in Belgium, generate new research needs in environmental education (EE) scope ... [more ▼]

The increasing needs of enterprises in environmental training, in relation with the rise in environmental management systems in Belgium, generate new research needs in environmental education (EE) scope. The authors experience shows that the entreprises’ expectations can meet EE objectives, and that environmental awareness programs for corporate employees can enable them to adapt their professionnal and private behaviour. This efficiency is based on interactive designing of training actions, responsability sharing and mutual learning. However, EE efficiency in enterprises depends on corporate culture and its capacity to evolve. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelques réflexions de nature didactique concernant l'introduction de la courbure en relativité générale
De Rop, Yves ULg

in Revue des Questions Scientifiques (2001), 172(4), 335-346

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See detailThe European Continental Shelf as a Significant sink for Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide
Frankignoulle, Michel; Borges, Alberto ULg

in Global Biogeochemical Cycles (2001), 15(3), 569-576

The concentration of carbon dioxide was measured during 18 cruises in the surface waters of the North Atlantic European Shelf (Galician sea, Gulf of Biscay, Armorican Sea, Celtic Sea, English Channel ... [more ▼]

The concentration of carbon dioxide was measured during 18 cruises in the surface waters of the North Atlantic European Shelf (Galician sea, Gulf of Biscay, Armorican Sea, Celtic Sea, English Channel, North Sea), covering all four seasons (9 months of 12) at interannual scale. This is the very first intensive field study of continental shelves, in terms of source/sink for atmospheric CO2, which allows to integrate fluxes on an annual basis and over a large surface area. Here we show that European continental shelves are a sink of 90 to 170 million tons of carbon per year, that is an additional appreciable fraction to the presently proposed flux for the open North Atlantic Ocean (about 45%). The air-sea fluxes of CO2 we obtained are similar to those recently reported in the East China Sea, allowing us to conclude that the coastal ocean plays a considerable role in the global oceanic carbon cycle. [less ▲]

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See detailAlternative mating tactics in the alpine newt Triturus alpestris alpestris
Denoël, Mathieu ULg; Poncin, Pascal ULg; Ruwet, Jean-Claude

in Journal of Herpetology (2001), 35(1), 62-67

Sexual behaviors in dyadic encounters in the alpine newt, Triturus alpestris alpestris, is described to test whether male behavior is influenced by external cues, that is, female responsiveness. Depending ... [more ▼]

Sexual behaviors in dyadic encounters in the alpine newt, Triturus alpestris alpestris, is described to test whether male behavior is influenced by external cues, that is, female responsiveness. Depending on this factor, a male exhibits one of the two following tactics during the sperm transfer phase. The male either waits for a positive response from the female before initiating sperm transfer ("waiting" tactic), or creeps and deposits a spermatophore in front of a nonresponsive female ("luring" tactic). The sperm transfer success rates of these tactics are 31% and 6%, respectively,and encounter success rates, 64% and 8%, respectively. The success of the second tactic is linked to behaviors that lure the female, notably quiver and distal lure. The same individual can exhibit both tactics, and neither body size nor condition appears to influence the tactic a male exhibits. These tactics can be interpreted as the result of a conditional strategy, that is, a strategy that allows an individual to incorporate information about its ability to obtain fitness through alternative tactics and then express the tactic that maximizes its fitness. More particularly, these tactics are examples of a side-payment strategy, that is, a strategy that allows individuals to achieve small gains by capitalizing on passing opportunities. [less ▲]

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See detailLes contrats de rivière en Wallonie (Belgique) : retour d'expériences
Rosillon, Françis ULg; Vander Borght, Paul ULg

in Revue européenne de droit de l'environnement (2001), (4), 414-429

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See detailThe occurrence of the ilio-lumbar syndrome in a spinal cord injury patient
Chantraine, A.; Bosson, L.; Malaise, Michel ULg et al

in Spinal Cord : The Official Journal of the International Medical Society of Paraplegia (2001), 39(4), 237-239

STUDY DESIGN: Case report of a 71-year-old man having sustained a spinal cord injury (SCI) for 26 years. He started to suffer from low back pain 21 years after his onset and this was diagnosed as ilio ... [more ▼]

STUDY DESIGN: Case report of a 71-year-old man having sustained a spinal cord injury (SCI) for 26 years. He started to suffer from low back pain 21 years after his onset and this was diagnosed as ilio-lumbar syndrome (ILS). OBJECTIVES: To describe the problem of low back pain occurring after a change of wheelchair in a SCI, and to indicate the importance of the ilio-lumbar syndrome as a possible cause of low back complaint. OUTCOME: Clinical findings supported by echotomography confirmed the diagnosis of ILS in our case. CONCLUSION: ILS should be considered when some changes and deterioration of the status of SCI occur due to low back complaint. [less ▲]

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See detailOrdovician cryptospores from the Oostduinkerke borehole, Brabant Massif, Belgium
Steemans, Philippe ULg

in Geobios (2001), 34(1), 3-12

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See detailIncrease of Plasma Ecg Binding Rate after Administration of Repeated High Dose of Ecg to Cows
Drion, Pierre ULg; De Roover, R.; Houtain, J. Y. et al

in Reproduction Nutrition Development (2001), 41(3), 207-215

Equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) is still used to promote follicular growth in cattle and, more recently with an increased frequency of administration, in ovum pick-up protocols. The aim of this ... [more ▼]

Equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) is still used to promote follicular growth in cattle and, more recently with an increased frequency of administration, in ovum pick-up protocols. The aim of this experiment was to verify the possible effect of high frequency of administration on the immune response to eCG. The profiles of eCG binding rate, in the blood of two groups (A, B) of 4 primiparous cross breed beef cows (3-3.5 years old) submitted weekly for 5 to 10 weeks to repeated high doses (1000-2000 IU) of equine chorionic gonadotrophin, are presented in this paper. A sensitive radiometric method was used to detect antibodies in plasma. The profiles clearly indicated a marked increase of eCG binding rate after 3 to 5 injections of the exogenous hormone to the females. The statistical analysis of the results established that treatments induced a significant increase (P < 0.01) in binding rates after 6 and 3 injections in group A and B respectively. These binding rates remained elevated for at least 1 week following the last injection and decreased afterwards. The values of plasma binding rates following repeated eCG administration differed significantly between groups (0.90+/-1.04 and 1.04+/-0.11 for groups A and B before treatment versus 11.77+/-0.92, 6.70+/-0.85 for groups A and B after treatment, P < 0.01) and from one cow to another (P < 0.01) with some cows presenting no significant immune response while others were more reactive against the hormone (at least 3 injections). [less ▲]

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See detailEmissions d'ammoniac, de protoxyde d'azote, de méthane, de gaz carbonique et de vapeur d'eau lors de l'élevage de porcs charcutiers sur litière accumulée de sciure: quantification et corrélations avec le niveau d'activités des animaux
Delcourt, M.; Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Desiron, A. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2001), 145(6), 357-364

During a 4-month fattening period, emissions of NH3, N2O, CH4, CO2 and H2O from a pig house with fattening pigs on deep litter was measured once a month during four days (one measurement every 30 min ... [more ▼]

During a 4-month fattening period, emissions of NH3, N2O, CH4, CO2 and H2O from a pig house with fattening pigs on deep litter was measured once a month during four days (one measurement every 30 min). The activity rate of the animals was also measured hourly as the mean proportion of standing animals observed each two minutes. The mean daily emissions of gas, calculated per pig, were 9,5 g NH3, 3,2 g N2O, 4,8 g CH4, 1,3 kg CO2 and 3,3 kg water vapour. Emissions increased during the fattening period, the values observed at the end being 50%, 50%, 680% and 1000% higher than those at the beginning, for CO2, H2O, CH4 and NH3 respectively. Emissions of N2O were however higher at the beginning than at the end of the fattening period. The activity rate of the pigs followed a circadian rhythm, pigs being observed in a standing position much more frequently during the day than during the night, especially in the morning, at the end of the afternoon and at the beginning of the evening. The activity rate decreased continuously during the fattening period, from 22,6 +/- 4,1% to 8,8 +/- 0,5%. Within each monthly observation period, the hourly emissions of NH3, CO2 and H2O were positively correlated with the pigs' activity rate, the mean correlation coefficients being 0,61 for NH3, 0,71 for CO2 and 0,75 for water vapour. The correlation coefficients were not significant for N2O and CH4 in periods 2 et 3 but significant in periods 1 and 4 with mean values of -0,55 for N2O and +0,26 for CH4. [less ▲]

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See detailModèle de productivité et tarif de cubage des peuplements de teck (tectona grandis L. F.) au Sud-Bénin
Fonton, N. H.; Palm, Rodolphe ULg; Akossou, A. Y. J. et al

in Annales des Sciences Agronomiques du Bénin (2001), 2(2), 209-224

This study aims to build site index model and stem volume function of pure, even aged and relatively homogeneous teak stands in south Benin. The characteristics of the stands were obtained from the ... [more ▼]

This study aims to build site index model and stem volume function of pure, even aged and relatively homogeneous teak stands in south Benin. The characteristics of the stands were obtained from the inventory of 104 temporary plots sampled from stands with different ages and fertility. The stem analysis of 19 dominant trees wer used to establish, by serial regression, a model giving the evolution of top height according to the age. The site index curves were built in order to determine site index of the stands. The estimated volume function obtained shows that age, site index and basal area are the main stand parameters of stem volume funtion. [less ▲]

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See detailEnhanced tropospheric HCN columns above Kitt Peak during the 1982-1983 and 1997-1998 El Nino warm phases
Rinsland, Curtis P.; Goldman, Aaron; Zander, Rodolphe ULg et al

in Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer (2001), 69(1), 3-8

Free tropospheric HCN columns have been derived from infrared solar spectra recorded with the National Solar Observatory Fourier transform spectrometer on Kitt Peak, Arizona (31.9ºN latitude, 111.6ºW ... [more ▼]

Free tropospheric HCN columns have been derived from infrared solar spectra recorded with the National Solar Observatory Fourier transform spectrometer on Kitt Peak, Arizona (31.9ºN latitude, 111.6ºW longitude, 2.09 km altitude) between May 1978 and May 2000. The time series show up to a factor of 2.4 enhancement during the strong El Ninos of 1982-1983 and 1997-1998, the most intense since 1970. The observations provide confirmation that HCN is a sensitive tracer of biomass burning emissions transported to the free troposphere. No statistically significant long-term trend in the HCN-free tropospheric column has been detected over the 22-year measurement period. The results illustrate the importance of long-term spectroscopic measurements for quantifying climate and atmospheric chemistry-related atmospheric changes. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of inulin with urea as dilutional markers of bronchoalveolar lavage in healthy and heaves-affected horses.
Kirschvink, Nathalie; Fievez, Laurence ULg; Dogne, S. et al

in Veterinary Research (2001), 32(2), 145-154

Solute analysis in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid involves the use of dilutional markers to correct for variable recovery of pulmonary epithelial lining fluid (PELF). Urea is the best characterised ... [more ▼]

Solute analysis in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid involves the use of dilutional markers to correct for variable recovery of pulmonary epithelial lining fluid (PELF). Urea is the best characterised endogenous marker, whereas inulin appears to meet the requirements of an exogenous marker. In horses, the use of inulin has never been investigated and the impact of lower airway diseases such as heaves, on PELF recovery is unknown. In this study, five healthy and five heaves-affected horses underwent airway endoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage. PELF recovery from bronchoalveolar lavage was calculated by the inulin and the urea method. The inulin method was compared to the urea method and differences between healthy and heaves-affected horses were analysed. From a technical and analytical point of view, inulin fulfilled the requirements of a marker of dilution as well as urea. When both healthy and heaves-affected horses groups were pooled together, PELF recovery calculated by the inulin method was significantly higher than by the urea method (6.43+/-4.08% versus 0.789+/-0.299%, P < 0.005). No significant differences were observed between healthy and heaves-affected horses, neither by the inulin nor by the urea method. Inulin did not present major advantages over urea, but the combined use of both markers can improve the standardisation of studies comparing PELF compounds, by providing upper limits (inulin dilution) and lower limits (urea dilution) of PELF recovery. [less ▲]

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See detailThe SH2 domain containing 5-phosphatase SHIP2 is expressed in the germinal layers of embryo and adult mouse brain : increased expression in N_CAM deficient mice.
Muraille, Eric; Dassesse, Donald; Vanderwinden, Jean-Marie et al

in Neuroscience (2001), 105

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See detailThermal admittance spectroscopy of Mg-doped GaN Schottky diodes
Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Germain, Marianne; Schmeits, Marcel et al

in Journal of Applied Physics (2001), 90

Thermal admittance spectroscopy measurements at temperatures ranging from room temperature to 90 K are performed on Schottky structures based on Mg-doped GaN layers grown by metalorganic vapor phase ... [more ▼]

Thermal admittance spectroscopy measurements at temperatures ranging from room temperature to 90 K are performed on Schottky structures based on Mg-doped GaN layers grown by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy on sapphire. The analysis of the experimental data is made by a detailed theoretical study of the steady-state and small-signal electrical characteristics of the structures. Numerical simulations are based on the solution of the basic semiconductor equations for the structure consisting of two Schottky diodes connected back to back by a conduction channel formed by the GaN layer. The description explicitly includes the Mg-related acceptor level, with its temperature- and position-dependent incomplete occupation state, leading to a dynamic exchange with the valence band. It fully reproduces the variations with temperature of the capacitance-- frequency and conductance over frequency curves, allowing to give for all temperature ranges the origin of the various contributions to the junction capacitance and of the microscopic mechanisms responsible for the capacitance--frequency cutoff. Series resistance effects are shown to be dominant at temperatures above 230 K, whereas the Mg-related acceptor level governs the electrical behavior below 230 K. The existence of a second acceptor level with an activation energy of several tens of meV is revealed from the analysis of the characteristics at low temperature. An optimized fitting procedure based on the comparison of the electrical characteristics obtained from the numerical simulations to the experimental data allows one to determine the microscopic parameters describing the structure, among which the acceptor activation energies, thermal capture cross sections, concentrations, and the Schottky contact barrier heights are the most important ones. The obtained activation energy of the Mg-acceptor level of 210 meV is by a factor of 2 larger than that obtained from a classical Arrhenius plot, showing that a complete description of Mg-doped GaN junctions requires the correct treatment of the Mg level, acting as a dopant and as deep impurity, as well as the inclusion of series resistance effects. [less ▲]

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See detailAnthesis effects on Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile phenology in the Bay of Calvi (Corsica, Mediterranean Sea)
Gobert, Sylvie ULg; Defawe, Olivier; Lepoint, Gilles ULg et al

in Hydrobiologia (2001), 455

In Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile, anthesis induces a decrease in the number of juvenile leaves resulting in a significant reduction in the number of leaves on the flowering shoots. All the leaves of the ... [more ▼]

In Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile, anthesis induces a decrease in the number of juvenile leaves resulting in a significant reduction in the number of leaves on the flowering shoots. All the leaves of the flowering shoots are narrower than the leaves of nonflowering shoots. A modification of the leaf growth also appears in flowering shoots: the oldest leaves are longer and the leaves induced during or after anthesis are shorter. At 10 m depth, in the Bay of Calvi, anthesis lasts roughly 3 months and the flowering is induced 7 months before anthesis. [less ▲]

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See detailLes empreintes globales en prothèse fixée
Lamy, Marc ULg; Mainjot, Amélie ULg

in Revue Belge de Médecine Dentaire = Belgisch Tijdschrift voor Tandheelkunde (2001), 56(3), 168-80

The global impression technique allows to obtain in a single stage the impression of the abutment as well as their neighboring teeth. This technique often requires the placement of one or two retraction ... [more ▼]

The global impression technique allows to obtain in a single stage the impression of the abutment as well as their neighboring teeth. This technique often requires the placement of one or two retraction cords in the sulcus. The impression technique herein described is the double mix method. This method is based on the use of two elastomers with different viscosities, but from the same group thus allowing a simultaneous polymerization. [less ▲]

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See detailA comparative study of oral acetylsalicyclic acid and metoprolol for the prophylactic treatment of migraine. A randomized, controlled, double-blind, parallel group phase III study.
Diener, H. C.; Hartung, E.; Chrubasik, J. et al

in Cephalalgia : An International Journal of Headache (2001), 21(2), 120-8

This study was a multinational, multicentre, double-blind, active controlled phase III trial designed to investigate efficacy and safety of 300 mg acetylsalicyclic acid (ASA) (n = 135) vs. 200 mg ... [more ▼]

This study was a multinational, multicentre, double-blind, active controlled phase III trial designed to investigate efficacy and safety of 300 mg acetylsalicyclic acid (ASA) (n = 135) vs. 200 mg metoprolol (n = 135) in the prophylaxis of migraine. In total 270 (51 male and 219 female) patients, aged 18-65 years, suffering between two and six migraine attacks per month were recruited. The main objective was to show equivalence with respect to efficacy, defined as a 50% reduction in the rate of migraine attacks. A run-in phase was carried out with placebo for 4 weeks, followed by a 16-week drug phase. In both treatment groups the median frequency of migraine attacks improved during the study period, from three to two in the ASA group and from three to one in the metoprolol group; 45.2% of all metoprolol patients were responders compared with 29.6% with ASA. Medication-related adverse events were less frequent in the ASA group (37) than in the metoprolol group (73). The findings from this trial show that metoprolol is superior to ASA for migraine prophylaxis but has more side-effects. Acetylsalicylic acid is better tolerated than metoprolol. Using a strict responder criterion ASA showed a responder rate comparable with the placebo rate in the literature. [less ▲]

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See detailPumping picosecond optical parametric oscillators by a pulsed Nd:YAG laser mode locked using a nonlinear mirror
Mani, A. A.; Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Hollander, Ph. et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2001), 79(13), 1945-1947

We report on the performances of the mode locking of a flash-lamp-pumped Nd:YAG laser using a frequency-doubling nonlinear mirror combined with a two-photon absorber. Pulse lengths from 12 to 8 ps are ... [more ▼]

We report on the performances of the mode locking of a flash-lamp-pumped Nd:YAG laser using a frequency-doubling nonlinear mirror combined with a two-photon absorber. Pulse lengths from 12 to 8 ps are generated. We show that the flat shape of the pulse-train envelope generated by the oscillator is adapted for the synchronous pumping of optical parametric oscillators and we demonstrate the efficient generation of an infrared beam tunable from 3800 to 1100 cm-1 with bandwidth of 2 cm-1 in one single conversion stage in LiNbO3 or AgGaS2. The "all-solid-state" laser system enables surface sum-frequency generation spectroscopy to be performed with high sensitivity and high resolution. [less ▲]

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See detailPrésentation de la recherche sur le logement urbain wallon.
Frankignoulle, Pierre ULg; Dawance, Sophie ULg; Malherbe, Alain

in Cahiers de l'Urbanisme (Les) (2001), 37

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See detailAires protégées et accroissement démographique
Vermeulen, Cédric ULg

in Canopée : bulletin sur l'environnement en Afrique Centrale (2001), 20

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See detailSpécificité et histoire des discours sémiotiques
Badir, Sémir ULg; Arrivé, Michel

in Linx (2001), 44

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See detailnote sous J. P. Beveren, 7 avril 1998
Langenaken, Evelyne ULg

in Actualités du droit (2001), 2

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See detailSurvey of pigeonpea production systems, utilization and marketing in semi-arid lands of Kenya.
Mergeai, Guy ULg; Kimani, P.; Mwang'ombe, A. et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2001), 5(3), 145-153

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See detailThe callipyge (CLPG) mutation enhances the expression of the coregulated DLK1, GTL2, PEG11 and MEG8 genes in cis without affecting their imprinting status
Charlier, Carole ULg; SEGERS, Karin ULg; Karim, Latifa ULg et al

in Nature Genetics (2001), 27

The callipyge (CLPG) phenotype (from kappa(alpha)lambda(iota), "beautiful," and pi(iota)gamma(epsilon), "buttocks") described in sheep is an inherited muscular hypertrophy that is subject to an unusual ... [more ▼]

The callipyge (CLPG) phenotype (from kappa(alpha)lambda(iota), "beautiful," and pi(iota)gamma(epsilon), "buttocks") described in sheep is an inherited muscular hypertrophy that is subject to an unusual parent-of-origin effect referred to as polar overdominance: only heterozygous individuals having inherited the CLPG mutation from their sire exhibit the muscular hypertrophy. The callipyge (clpg) locus was mapped to a chromosome segment of approximately 400 kb (refs. 2-4), which was shown to contain four genes (DLK1, GTL2, PEG11 and MEG8) that are preferentially expressed in skeletal muscle and subject to parental imprinting in this tissue. Here we describe the effect of the CLPG mutation on the expression of these four genes, and demonstrate that callipyge individuals have a unique expression profile that may account for the observed polar overdominance. [less ▲]

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See detailA Local Influence Approach to Sensitivity Analysis of Incomplete Longitudinal Ordinal Data
Van Steen, Kristel ULg; Molenberghs, G.; Verbeke, G. et al

in Statistical Modelling : An International Journal (2001), 1

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See detailNews on antifungal drugs registered in Belgium for the treatment of dermatophytosis in domestic carnivores.
Hamoir, J.; Goret, M.; Mignon, Bernard ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2001), 145

This note gives a progress report on the various molecules registered in Belgium which can be used for the treatment of dermatophytosis in domestic carnivores. Its purpose is not to develop the ... [more ▼]

This note gives a progress report on the various molecules registered in Belgium which can be used for the treatment of dermatophytosis in domestic carnivores. Its purpose is not to develop the therapeutic protocols used in this type of diseases but rather to describe these compounds according to their pharmacological and toxicological characteristics as well as to define their status in the current legal framework. [less ▲]

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See detailThe anatomical distribution of radiological abnormalities in Kashin-Beck disease in Tibet
Hinsenkamp, Maurice; Ryppens, F.; Mathieu, F. et al

in International Orthopaedics (2001), 25

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See detailWHO Collaborating Centre consensus meeting on anti-cytokine therapy in rheumatoid arthritis
Emery, P.; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Appelboom, T. et al

in Rheumatology (2001), 40(6), 699-702

Severe adult rheumatoid arthritis is a cause of progressive disability and increased mortality across Europe. A cure for the disease remains elusive, but control of symptoms and maintenance of individual ... [more ▼]

Severe adult rheumatoid arthritis is a cause of progressive disability and increased mortality across Europe. A cure for the disease remains elusive, but control of symptoms and maintenance of individual independence is possible. Anti-cytokine therapies offer a new approach to disease management. They are effective after the failure of full doses of methotrexate, and are at least as effective as methotrexate in retarding the progression of radiological changes. Until more is known about the long-term safety and efficacy of these drugs they should be reserved for patients with severe disease who are progressing despite adequate doses of methotrexate or other disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. They should be continued until therapeutic failure or intolerance. A comprehensive health economic evaluation is needed to optimally direct the use of these drugs. This should be undertaken when long-term safety and efficacy studies are completed. [less ▲]

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See detailSpirometric performance in Belgian Blue calves: II. Analysis of environmental factors and estimation of genetic parameters.
Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Michaux, C.; Coghe, J. et al

in Journal of Animal Science (2001), 79(5), 1162-1165

Genetic parameters and environmental effects for spirometric variables (SV) in calves were estimated using 734 Belgian Blue calves (15 to 297 d of age), sired by 20 AI bulls. For each calf, the following ... [more ▼]

Genetic parameters and environmental effects for spirometric variables (SV) in calves were estimated using 734 Belgian Blue calves (15 to 297 d of age), sired by 20 AI bulls. For each calf, the following SV were measured: 1) the average ventilation (l/min) recorded during the 15 s of maximal ventilatory changes induced by lobeline administration (0.25 mg/kg, i.v.) (15-s MV(L)); 2) the vital capacity, and the maximal peak expiratory and inspiratory flows recorded after lobeline administration; and 3) the ventilatory reserve (15-s MV(L) - ventilation at rest). Analysis of environmental factors showed age of calf, herd, sex, and vaccination status had significant effects on SV. A sire model and a multiple-trait derivative-free REML procedure were used to estimate genetic parameters for SV, body weight, and muscling score. Heritabilities for SV ranged from 0.28 +/- 0.11 to 0.44 +/- 0.16. Genetic correlations among SV varied from 0.76 to 0.98 and environmental correlations from 0.69 to 0.80. Genetic correlations of SV with body weight (0.25 to 0.56) and with muscling score (0.21 to 0.76) were positive, as were environmental correlations of SV with body weight (0.44 to 0.70) and muscling score (0.09 to 0.25). These results suggest that selection may improve SV without impairing other traits of economic importance. [less ▲]

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See detailA second locality for Xanthoparmelia idahoensis Hale, an endangered vagrant lichen, new to Canada
Goffinet, Bernard; Rosentreter, Roger; Sérusiaux, Emmanuël ULg

in Evansia (2001), 18

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See detailStudy of the water/poly(ethylene glycol) interface by IR-visible sum-frequency generation spectroscopy
Dreesen, Laurent ULg; Humbert, C.; Hollander, P. et al

in Chemical Physics Letters (2001), 333

We used infrared-visible sum-frequency generation spectroscopy to investigate the vibrational properties of the water/poly(ethylene glycol) interface in the 2800-3800 cm-1 spectral range. The vibrational ... [more ▼]

We used infrared-visible sum-frequency generation spectroscopy to investigate the vibrational properties of the water/poly(ethylene glycol) interface in the 2800-3800 cm-1 spectral range. The vibrational fingerprint of the interface differs significantly from the one associated with the aire/poly(ethylene glycol) interface. It is shown that the poly(ethylene glycol) molecular arrangement, originally relatively well-ordered, becomes disorganised in the presence of water. Moreover, a new OH band is identified demonstrating the strong interaction of water with the polymer. [less ▲]

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See detailGrowth abnormalities associated with adrenal disorders and their management.
Savage, M. O.; LEBRETHON, Marie-Christine ULg; Blair, J. C. et al

in Hormone research (2001), 56 Suppl 1

Linear growth can be disturbed in paediatric adrenal disease associated with endocrine hypo- or hyperfunction. Tall stature is a feature in some patients with adrenocorticotropic hormone resistance ... [more ▼]

Linear growth can be disturbed in paediatric adrenal disease associated with endocrine hypo- or hyperfunction. Tall stature is a feature in some patients with adrenocorticotropic hormone resistance syndromes and short stature is recognized in the IMAGe (intrauterine growth retardation, metaphyseal dysplasia, adrenal hypoplasia congenita and genital anomalies) association. In autoimmune Addison's disease, growth is usually normal. In congenital adrenal hyperplasia, height may be compromised by advanced skeletal maturation or by suppressed growth, particularly in the neonatal period due to excess glucocorticoid treatment. In virilizing adrenal tumours, height is increased at diagnosis, but after surgical cure final height is usually in the normal range. In Cushing's disease, height was abnormally short in 50% of patients at presentation. After successful treatment, spontaneous catch-up growth was not seen. This led to a diagnosis of growth hormone (GH) deficiency in 80% of patients. With GH replacement, catch-up growth and long-term benefit occurred. Disturbance of linear growth is an important feature of many patients with adrenal disorders in childhood. Assessment of its pathogenesis and careful management are necessary to ensure optimal final adult height. [less ▲]

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See detailQualité des soins et qualité de vie des enfants atteients de pathologies anorectales et de leurs familles
Noirhomme-Renard, Florence ULg

in Bulletin d'Education du Patient à sa Maladie (2001)

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See detailFlutter Prediction from Flight Flutter Test Data
Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULg; Cooper, Jonathan E

in Journal of Aircraft (2001), 38(2), 355-367

The most common approach to flight flutter testing is to track estimated modal damping ratios of an aircraft over a number of flight conditions. These damping trends are then extrapolated to predict ... [more ▼]

The most common approach to flight flutter testing is to track estimated modal damping ratios of an aircraft over a number of flight conditions. These damping trends are then extrapolated to predict whether it is safe to move to the next test point and also to determine the utter speed. In the quest for more reliable and efficient flight flutter testing procedures, a number of alternative data analysis methods have been proposed. Five of these approaches are compared on two simulated aeroelastic models. The comparison is based on both the accuracy of prediction and the efficiency of each method. It is found that, for simple aeroelastic systems, the Nissim and Gilyard method (Nissim, E., and Gilyard, G. B., “Method for Experimental Determination of Flutter Speed by Parameter Identification,” AIAA Paper 89-1324, 1989) yields the best flutter predictions and is also the least computationally expensive approach.However, for larger systems, simpler approaches such as the damping fit and envelope function methods are found to be most reliable. [less ▲]

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See detailLasioloma stephanellum comb. nov. (Lichenized Ascomycetes: Ectolechiaceae)
Lücking, Robert; Sérusiaux, Emmanuël ULg

in Mycotaxon (2001), 57

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See detailEtude de la diversité et des plantes hôtes des Coccinellidae de Belgique
Francis, Frédéric ULg

in Notes Fauniques de Gembloux (2001), 44

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See detailLiver transplantation for hepatitis B virus infection: improving long-term outcomes
Detry, Olivier ULg; Delwaide, Jean ULg

in Medscape Transplantation (2001)

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See detailIntact Implicit learning in Schizophrenia
Danion, Jean-Marie; Meulemans, Thierry ULg; Kauffmann-Muller, F. et al

in American Journal of Psychiatry (The) (2001), 158(6), 944-948

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See detailLe Bestiaire des philosophes indiens
Verpoorten, Jean-Marie ULg

in Acta Orientalia Belgica (2001)

Compilation de textes (avec leurs traductions) relatifs aux animaux dans les œuvres de deux grammairiens (Patañjali I et Bhartṛhari II) et de cinq courants philosophiques (MīmāṃsāIII, NyāyaIV, VaiśeṣikaV ... [more ▼]

Compilation de textes (avec leurs traductions) relatifs aux animaux dans les œuvres de deux grammairiens (Patañjali I et Bhartṛhari II) et de cinq courants philosophiques (MīmāṃsāIII, NyāyaIV, VaiśeṣikaV, Sāṃkhya VI et YogaVII). L’animal le plus souvent mentionné est le « bovin » dont le nom (go) pose le problème de sa dénotation : est-ce l’animal individuel ou la classe « bovin » ? Il faut qu’il dénote l’individu, car, dans la phrase « il donne la vache au médecin », go ne peut pas s’appliquer à l’espèce «vache » Un second problème (I et II) est celui de la « comparaison » (upamāna) : qu’est-ce qui permet de reconnaître un bovin sauvage à partir de la connaissance d’un bovin domestique ? Quel nom donner à tel animal à partir de similitudes partielles avec tel autre ? Où est le détail caractéristique qui distingue le bovin du gayal (I, III) ? Une trop grande différence entre deux entités (par ex.un bovin et un cheval) rend impossible l’upamāna (IV). Le serpent et ses anneaux sont analogues à un substrat permanent et à ses formes changeantes (IV) Quand on regarde soit un cerf courir, soit un merle ou un cygne voler, c’est l’animal qu’on voit et non l’acte de courir ou voler (II) . En effet un acte comme tel n’est pas comparable à un autre car tous deux sont inachevés. En épistémologie, l’erreur est souvent illustrée par la confusion dans la pénombre entre une corde et un serpent (II) Des problèmes sont soulevés à propos des injonctions et interdictions rituelles. Tel animal à immoler, dont le nom est au singulier, vaut pour un groupe entier ou une espèce ; telle interdiction ne mentionne explicitement que le chien et le chat comme à écarter du gâteau sacrificiel, alors que le corbeau devrait l’être aussi (III). D’autre part, s’il faut immoler un lion ou un bœuf , on se gardera d’immoler soit un homme sous prétexte qu’il est courageux comme un lion ou balourd comme un boeuf. Le problème est parfois d’ordre grammatical. L’adjectif kāpota « de pigeon » qualifie ce qui appartient à l’oiseau vivant ; peut-on dès lors l’employer pour une «soupe de pigeon » où manifestement l’oiseau est mort (I) ? D’autre part, comment le mot go peut-il s’appliquer à des vaches de terre cuite, puisqu’elles ne sont pas vivantes (IV). Et si des gâteaux de farine en forme de lions c’est par ressemblance aux lions vivants. Le métaphorique est fondé sur ce qui ne l’est pas(III) Au plan ontologique, le bouddhiste soutient que les qualités existent sans le support d’une substance L’illustre le fait qu’une cigogne dans la pénombre se limite à une tache de couleur (IV) La logique est abordée en V via la confrontation entre deux raisonnements, le bon : « puisque c’est cornu, c’est un bovin » et le mauvais : « puisque c’est cornu, c’est un cheval » Notons enfin que VI classe animaux et insectes en qualité de résidences pour les humains réincarnés et que VII énumère des postures yogiques qui portent des noms d’animaux. Une liste de ceux-ci clôt cette étude. [less ▲]

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See detailLe diagnostic des dermatophytoses passe par l'examen de laboratoire
Mignon, Bernard ULg

in Hebdo Vétérinaire (2001), 57

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See detailJe lis, j'écris : la pratique du journal de lecture
De Croix, Séverine ULg

in Enjeux : Revue de Formation Continuée et de Didactique du Français (2001), 50

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See detailPositive Actie (Affirmative Action) : een middel tegen racisme ?
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Noord-Zuid Cahier (2001), 26(1), 83-91

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See detailConstitutive equations and numerical modelling of time effects in soft porous rocks
Datcheva, Maria; Charlier, Robert ULg; Collin, Frédéric ULg

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2001), 1988

A constitutive model is developed within the framework of Perzyna's viscoplasticity for predicting the stress-strain-time behaviour of soft porous rocks. The model is based on the hyperelasticity and ... [more ▼]

A constitutive model is developed within the framework of Perzyna's viscoplasticity for predicting the stress-strain-time behaviour of soft porous rocks. The model is based on the hyperelasticity and multisurface viscoplasticity with hardening. A time-stepping algorithm is presented for integrating the creep sensitive law. An example of application to one-dimensional consolidation is presented. The objectives are to: 1. present a soft rock model which is capable of taking into account the rate sensitivity, time effects and creep rupture; 2. to discuss the use of an incremental procedure for time stepping using large time increments and 3. to extend the finite element code Lagamine (MSM-ULg) for viscoplastic problems in geomechanics. [less ▲]

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See detailNeuromuscular transmission in migraine: a single-fiber EMG study in clinical subgroups.
Ambrosini, Anna; Maertens De Noordhout, Alain ULg; Schoenen, Jean ULg

in Neurology (2001), 56(8), 1038-43

OBJECTIVE: To search for impairment of neuromuscular transmission by single-fiber electromyography (SFEMG) in patients with common forms of migraine. BACKGROUND: P/Q Ca(2+) channels are genetically ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To search for impairment of neuromuscular transmission by single-fiber electromyography (SFEMG) in patients with common forms of migraine. BACKGROUND: P/Q Ca(2+) channels are genetically abnormal in most cases of familial hemiplegic migraine (International Headache Society [IHS] code 1.2.3) and may be involved in other types of migraine. Besides in the brain, these channels are found in motor nerve endings, where they control stimulation-induced acetylcholine release. If they are functionally abnormal, the neuromuscular transmission might be impaired. METHODS: Sixty-two migraineurs (18 without aura, IHS code 1.1; 19 with typical aura, IHS code 1.2.1; 10 with prolonged aura, IHS code 1.2.2; 15 with and without aura) and 16 healthy control subjects underwent stimulation SFEMG. Results were expressed as the mean value of consecutive differences (MCD) and percentage of single-fiber abnormalities (abnormal jitter or impulse blocking). RESULTS: Average MCD was comparable in control subjects and migraineurs (17.1 +/- 2.6 versus 17.5 +/- 4.7 microsec). By contrast, single-fiber abnormalities were found in 17 patients but in none of the control subjects (p = 0.036). Most of these patients had unilateral sensorimotor symptoms and/or aphasia and/or loss of balance during the aura. SFEMG abnormalities were significantly correlated with the occurrence of these clinical features and with a diagnosis of migraine with prolonged aura. CONCLUSIONS: Stimulation SFEMG shows mild abnormalities of neuromuscular transmission in a subgroup of migraineurs with aura, characterized by clinical features frequently found in human P/Q Ca(2+) channelopathies. These abnormalities might thus be due to genetically modified P/Q Ca(2+) channels. [less ▲]

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See detailBox C/D small nucleolar RNA trafficking involves small nucleolar RNP proteins, nucleolar factors and a novel nuclear domain.
Verheggen, C.; Mouaikel, J.; Thiry, Marc ULg et al

in EMBO Journal (2001), 20(19), 5480-90

Nucleolar localization of box C/D small nucleolar (sno) RNAs requires the box C/D motif and, in vertebrates, involves transit through Cajal bodies (CB). We report that in yeast, overexpression of a box C ... [more ▼]

Nucleolar localization of box C/D small nucleolar (sno) RNAs requires the box C/D motif and, in vertebrates, involves transit through Cajal bodies (CB). We report that in yeast, overexpression of a box C/D reporter leads to a block in the localization pathway with snoRNA accumulation in a specific sub-nucleolar structure, the nucleolar body (NB). The human survival of motor neuron protein (SMN), a marker of gems/CB, specifically localizes to the NB when expressed in yeast, supporting similarities between these structures. Box C/D snoRNA accumulation in the NB was decreased by mutation of Srp40 and increased by mutation of Nsr1p, two related nucleolar proteins that are homologous to human Nopp140 and nucleolin, respectively. Box C/D snoRNAs also failed to accumulate in the NB, and became delocalized to the nucleoplasm, upon depletion of any of the core snoRNP proteins, Nop1p/fibrillarin, Snu13p, Nop56p and Nop5p/Nop58p. We conclude that snoRNP assembly occurs either in the nucleoplasm, or during transit of snoRNAs through the NB, followed by routing of the complete snoRNP to functional sites of ribosome synthesis. [less ▲]

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See detailChanges in lipoxygenase and hydroperoxide decomposition activity in tissues cultures of soybean
Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg; Mouttalib, A.; Billo, D. et al

in Journal of Plant Physiology (2001), 158(7), 953-955

Glycine max L. tissue cultures were initiated on different media supplemented with appropriate plant growth regulators that specifically induce the formation of callus, root, or shoot primordia ... [more ▼]

Glycine max L. tissue cultures were initiated on different media supplemented with appropriate plant growth regulators that specifically induce the formation of callus, root, or shoot primordia. Exogenously applied hormones resulted in important changes in both Lox and HPO decomposition activity. Lox activity was higher in extracts from tissues cultured in medium supplemented with NAA or 2,4-D, while a lowest activity was recorded in extracts from cultures treated with BA. 13-HPOD was cleaved by all tested extracts, while 13-HPOT and 9-HPOD were cleaved exclusively by extracts from tissues cultured in the presence of BA. [less ▲]

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See detailMapping Aging Effects on Polymer Surfaces : Specific Detection of Additives by Chemical Force Microscopy
Duwez, Anne-Sophie ULg; Nysten, Bernard

in Langmuir (2001), 17

We report in this contribution the successful application of chemical force microscopy to study aging of polymer surfaces at the submicroscopic scale. Adhesion force mapping using tips modified with ... [more ▼]

We report in this contribution the successful application of chemical force microscopy to study aging of polymer surfaces at the submicroscopic scale. Adhesion force mapping using tips modified with methyland hydroxyl-terminated alkanethiols was used to probe the chemical composition of polypropylene surfaces as a function of aging time. We have measured adhesion force distributions on polypropylene melt-pressed films stabilized with antioxidants, process-stabilizing agents, and UV-light stabilizers. These adhesion force distributions were correlated with the additive distribution at the surface. We were able to evidence modifications of the local adhesion properties on the polymer surface due to material aging. These results support the conclusion that the UV-light stabilizer migrates toward the surface and forms a film that makes the surface less hydrophobic. Laterally resolved adhesion force maps show chemically heterogeneous surfaces on a sub-100 nm scale [less ▲]

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See detailImportance of post-transcriptional regulation of chemokine genes by oxidative stress.
JOSSE, Claire ULg; Boelaert, J. R.; Best-Belpomme, M. et al

in Biochemical Journal (2001), 360(Pt 2), 321-33

The transcription factor, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B), is activated by various stimuli including cytokines, radiation, viruses and oxidative stress. Here we show that, although induction with H(2 ... [more ▼]

The transcription factor, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B), is activated by various stimuli including cytokines, radiation, viruses and oxidative stress. Here we show that, although induction with H(2)O(2) gives rise to NF-kappa B nuclear translocation in both lymphocyte (CEM) and monocyte (U937) cells, it leads only to the production of mRNA species encoding interleukin-8 (IL-8) and macrophage inflammatory protein 1 alpha in U937 cells. Under similar conditions these mRNA species are not observed in CEM cells. With the use of a transient transfection assay of U937 cells transfected with reporter constructs of the IL-8 promoter and subsequently treated with H(2)O(2), we show that (1) IL-8-promoter-driven transcription is stimulated in both U937 and CEM cells and (2) the NF-kappa B site is crucial for activation because its deletion abolishes activation by H(2)O(2). The production of IL-8 mRNA in U937 cells is inhibited by the NF-kappa B inhibitors clasto-lactacystin-beta-lactone and E-64D (l-3-trans-ethoxycarbonyloxirane-2-carbonyl-L-leucine-3-methyl amide) but requires protein synthesis de novo. Moreover, inhibition of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase also decreases the IL-8 mRNA up-regulation mediated by H(2)O(2). Taken together, these results show the importance of post-transcriptional events controlled by a p38-dependent pathway in the production of IL-8 mRNA in U937. The much lower activation of p38 in CEM cells in response to H(2)O(2) could explain the lack of stabilization of IL-8 mRNA in these cells. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscretization Schemes for Hybrid Methods
Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Tarhasaari, T.; Kettunen, L. et al

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (2001), 37(5), 3112--3115

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See detailLe tympan de l’Enfance du Christ à la cathédrale de Strasbourg (l’iconographie)
Van den Bossche, Benoît ULg

in Grenzenlos. Historische Zeitschrift der Erwin-von-Steinbach-Stiftung (2001), 14

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See detailLes manuels scolaires en Belgique francophone
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Travaux de l’Institut de Géographie de Reims (2001), (109-110), 83-91

This article tries to evaluate the evolution of both the status and the content of geography’s textbooks in the French part of Belgium. With this aim in view, three periods are analysed : before the ... [more ▼]

This article tries to evaluate the evolution of both the status and the content of geography’s textbooks in the French part of Belgium. With this aim in view, three periods are analysed : before the renovation of the teaching, the years 1980-1990 and today. Through the mutations, narrows links are confirmed between the teaching’s aims and the role devoted to the textbooks. [less ▲]

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See detailLa prescription extinctive en droit du travail
Kefer, Fabienne ULg; Clesse, Jacques ULg

in Journal des Tribunaux du Travail (2001)

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See detailRéflexions sur le sinistre protection juridique
Paris, Catherine ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2001)

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See detailTetraethyl(Pyrrolidine-2,2-diyl)Bisphosphonate
Olive, Gilles ULg; Jacques, Alain

in Molecules (2001), 6

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See detailThe prevalence of mycotoxins in Kashin-Beck disease
Haubruge, Eric ULg; Chasseur, Camille; Debouck, Catherine et al

in International Orthopaedics (2001), 25

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See detailEvaluations internationales : Les enjeux du jour et de l'histoire
Baye, Ariane ULg

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2001), (7-8), 11-23

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See detailLa créance d'honoraires de l'avocat contre l'assureur protection juridique sous l'angle de la délégation
Paris, Catherine ULg

in Revue Générale des Assurances et des Responsabilités (2001)

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See detailLes devoirs: Un canal de communication entre l'école et les familles
Poncelet, Débora ULg; Schillings, Patricia ULg; Hindryckx, Geneviève ULg et al

in Point sur la Recherche en Education (Le) (2001), 20

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See detailRheinische Wortgeographie - dialektometrische Kartenauswertung
Möller, Robert ULg

in Dialectologia et Geolinguistica (2001), 9

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See detailDendritic cells induce the death of human papillomavirus-transformed keratinocytes
Hubert, Pascale ULg; Giannini, Sandra ULg; Vanderplasschen, Alain ULg et al

in FASEB Journal (2001), 15(13), 2521-2523

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See detailKöln und das 'Oberländische' im Spätmittelalter
Möller, Robert ULg

in Rheinische Vierteljahrsblätter (2001), 65

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See detailExperimental Hafting Traces. Identification and Characteristics
Rots, Veerle ULg; Pirnay, Louis; Pirson, Philippe et al

in Notae Praehistoricae (2001), 21

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See detailBubble-columns : local gas holdup determination by electrical resistance tomography
Fransolet, Emmanuelle; Crine, Michel ULg; L'Homme, Guy ULg et al

in Chemie Ingenieur Technik (2001), 73

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See detailOn the exact solutions of the Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick model
Debergh, N.; Stancu, Floarea ULg

in Journal of Physics : A Mathematical & General (2001), A34

We present the many-particle Hamiltonian model of Lipkin, Meshkov and Glick in the context of deformed polynomial algebras and show that its exact solutions can be easily and naturally obtained within ... [more ▼]

We present the many-particle Hamiltonian model of Lipkin, Meshkov and Glick in the context of deformed polynomial algebras and show that its exact solutions can be easily and naturally obtained within this formalism. The Hamiltonian matrix of each $j$ multiplet can be split into two submatrices associated to two distinct irreps of the deformed algebra. Their invariant subspaces correspond to even and odd numbers of particle-hole excitations. [less ▲]

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See detailGiacomo Leopardi e Francesco Guicciardini
Moreno, Paola ULg

in Studi e Problemi di Critica Testuale (2001), LXII

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