References of "Scientific journals"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImproved pulmonary adaptation in newborn calves with postnatal acidosis
Varga, J.; Mester, L.; Borzsonyi, L. et al

in Veterinary Journal (2001), 162

The adaptation of newborn calves to extra-uterine life was evaluated by measuring arterial blood gases, acidÐbase values, blood ions and lung mechanical function parameters in normal and acidotic calves ... [more ▼]

The adaptation of newborn calves to extra-uterine life was evaluated by measuring arterial blood gases, acidÐbase values, blood ions and lung mechanical function parameters in normal and acidotic calves during the first 24 h. Twenty-seven Holstein Friesian newborn calves were divided into two groups according to their immediate post partum arterial blood pH values (Group A blood pH ≥ 7.2: normal group; Group B blood pH between 7.2 and 7.0: acidotic group). Pulmonary function parameters were measured and arterial blood samples were analysed for blood gases, acidÐbase variables and ion content immediately post partum (within 2 min) and then 6 and 24 h after calving. Lung resistance and maximal difference between pressure maximum and pressure minimum (maxδPpl) decreased, while dynamic lung compliance increased significantly in both groups. Immediately post partum the lung resistance and maxδPpl were significantly higher in the acidotic group than in the normal group. The arterial blood pH progressively compensated with time in both groups during the first 24 h and there was no difference in arterial blood pH values between the two groups 6 h after birth. These results showed that the compensation of acidosis was associated with the improvement in lung mechanics and these changes occurred mainly during the first 6 h of life. Moderate to pronounced acidosis did not affect the pulmonary adaptation negatively, although some respiratory mechanics parameters (maxδPpl), blood pH and Ca2+ion concentrations remained significantly different between the normal and acidotic groups at 24 h. This might be the result of overcompensation of acidosis and the interdependence between blood pH and Ca2+concentrations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImproving the bias/variance tradeoff of decision trees - towards soft tree induction
Geurts, Pierre ULg; Olaru, Cristina; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in Engineering intelligent systems (2001), 9

One of the main difficulties with standard top down induction of decision trees comes from the high variance of these methods. High variance means that, for a given problem and sample size, the resulting ... [more ▼]

One of the main difficulties with standard top down induction of decision trees comes from the high variance of these methods. High variance means that, for a given problem and sample size, the resulting tree is strongly dependent on the random nature of the particular sample used for training. Consequently, these algorithms tend to be suboptimal in terms of accuracy and interpretability. This paper analyses this problem in depth and proposes a new method, relying on threshold softening, able to significantly improve the bias/variance tradeoff of decision trees. The algorithm is validated on a number of benchmark problems and its relationship with fuzzy decision tree induction is discussed. This sheds some light on the success of fuzzy decision tree induction and improves our understanding of machine learning, in general. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe relationships between executive dysfunction and frontal hypometabolism in Alzheimer's disease
Collette, Fabienne ULg; Delrue, Gaël ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg et al

in Brain & Cognition (2001), 47(1/2), 272-275

A serie of tasks assessing executive functions was administered to patients with Alzheimer's disease and control subjects. Two groups of Alzheimer patients were examined : patients with hypometabolism ... [more ▼]

A serie of tasks assessing executive functions was administered to patients with Alzheimer's disease and control subjects. Two groups of Alzheimer patients were examined : patients with hypometabolism restricted to the posterior (temporal and parietal) cerebral areas and patients with hypometabolism in both posterior and anterior (frontal) cerebral areas. The performance of Alzheimer patients was inferior to control subjects on all executive tasks. However, the two groups of Alzheimer patients did not differ from each other on all tasks except one. These data indicate that frontal lobe hypometabolism is not necessary to produce executive impairment in Alzheimer's disease. Consequently, executive dysfunction could be the consequence of a disconnection process between posterior and anterior cerebral areas; [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 119 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA self-consistent model of the Jovian auroral thermal structure
Grodent, Denis ULg; Waite, J. Hunter; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg

in Journal of Geophysical Research (2001), 106(A7), 12933-12952

A one-dimensional (1-D) model coupling a two-stream electron transport model of energy deposition with a 1-D thermal conduction model has been developed. It is applied to investigate the links between ... [more ▼]

A one-dimensional (1-D) model coupling a two-stream electron transport model of energy deposition with a 1-D thermal conduction model has been developed. It is applied to investigate the links between auroral heat input and the vertical temperature of Jupiter's upper atmosphere. Two energy distributions meant to reproduce the emissions of a diffuse and a discrete aurora are used to evaluate the importance of the energy spectrum of the incident electrons for the thermal balance of Jupiter's auroral thermosphere. The values of observable quantities such as the altitude of the H-2 emission peak, thermal infrared (LR), ultraviolet (UV) emissions, and temperatures associated with various optical signatures are used to constrain the parameters of these distributions. It is shown that the high-energy component of these energy distributions heats a region of the homosphere between 10(-4) and 10(-6) bar and mainly controls the H-2 temperature and the far-UV (FUV) emission. A 3-keV soft electron component is necessary to heat the region directly above the homopause, between 10(-6) and 10(-9) bar. It has a large influence on the H-2 and H-3(+) temperatures and on the H-3(+) near-IR(NIR) emission. It is used in conjunction with a weak 100 eV component which is responsible for heating the thermosphere, from 10(-9) to 10(-12) bar and exerts a control on the exospheric temperature. The calculated temperatures, UV, and IR emissions suggest that the model probably misses a nonparticle heat source in the 10(-5) bar region, that is expected to balance the strong hydrocarbon cooling. Sensitivity tests are performed to evaluate the importance of the parameters of the energy distributions. They show that the FUV color ratio increases with the characteristic energy (or high-energy cutoff) of the high-energy component, while the H-2 rovibrational temperature varies inversely. A trade-off is therefore necessary for these two parameters to simultaneously meet their observational constraints. Further tests demonstrate the essential thermostatic role played by H-3(+), which regulates the net heating in the thermosphere. An increased eddy diffusion reproduces the effect of a possible auroral upwelling of methane but gives rise to an H-2 temperature smaller than the observed value. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (14 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGap Filling Strategies For Defensible Annual Sums Of Net Ecosystem Exchange
Falge, E.; Baldocchi, D.; Olson, R. et al

in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (2001), 107(1),

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCell turnover in BLV-infected sheep.
Debacq, C.; Peremans, T.; Kerkhofs, P. et al

in AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses (2001), 17(1), 13

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailEarly retirement in Europe: A call for action
Jousten, Alain ULg

in CESIFO Forum (2001), 4

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'empreinte unitaire par coffrage métallo-résineux
Francois, Marcelle ULg; Lamy, Marc ULg

in Revue Belge de Médecine Dentaire = Belgisch Tijdschrift voor Tandheelkunde (2001), 56(3), 181-8

The metallic-resinous frame impression technique is based on the impression of single abutments encompassed in a global one, with or without transfert copings. For single tooth impression, this technique ... [more ▼]

The metallic-resinous frame impression technique is based on the impression of single abutments encompassed in a global one, with or without transfert copings. For single tooth impression, this technique is the easiest and the most practical alternative to the one using thermoplastic paste. The aim of this article is to describe, step-by-step, the impression taking procedures using the metallic-resinous frame technique. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 666 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEquine pulmonary and systemic haemodynamic responses to endothelin-1 and a selective ETA receptor antagonist
Benamou, A. E.; Marlin, D. J.; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Equine Veterinary Journal (2001), 33(4), 337-44

Based on previous in vitro studies, we hypothesised that endothelin (ET) would induce vasoconstriction in the pulmonary circululation of the horse and that this action would be mediated via ET(A ... [more ▼]

Based on previous in vitro studies, we hypothesised that endothelin (ET) would induce vasoconstriction in the pulmonary circululation of the horse and that this action would be mediated via ET(A) receptors. Pulmonary and systemic haemodynamic responses to endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoactive endogenous peptide, were investigated in 6 conscious, nonsedated horses at rest. Bolus i.v. injections of exogenous ET-1 (0.1, 0.2 and 0.4 microg/kg bwt) caused significant increases in pulmonary (PAP) and carotid (CAP) artery pressures, with peak increases of 79% and 51% for mean PAP and CAP, respectively. The effect of ET-1 on PAP and CAP was rapid and transient for PAP (-10 min) but prolonged for CAP (up to 60 min). ET-1 significantly decreased cardiac output by up to 35% and significantly increased systemic vascular resistance (SVR) by up to 104%. Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) showed a trend (P>0.05) to increase with 0.2 and 0.4 microg/kg bwt ET-1. Infusion of a selective ET(A) receptor antagonist (TBC11251) completely inhibited the responses to a subsequent bolus of 0.2 microg/kg bwt ET-1. We conclude that exogenous ET-1 exerts a potent vasoconstrictive action on the pulmonary and systemic circulations of the horse. These effects appear to be mediated largely through ET(A) receptors in both circulations. Endothelin may play a role in hypertensive conditions in the horse. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDown-Regulation of MT1-MMP expression by the alpha3 chain of type IV collagen inhibits bronchial tumor cell line invasion
Martinella-Catusse, C.; Polette, M.; Noël, Agnès ULg et al

in Laboratory Investigation : Journal of Technical Methods & Pathology (2001), 81

The basement membrane (BM) is the first barrier encountered by tumor cells when they become invasive. Moreover, some invasive tumor clusters are surrounded by a remnant or neosynthetized BM material. We ... [more ▼]

The basement membrane (BM) is the first barrier encountered by tumor cells when they become invasive. Moreover, some invasive tumor clusters are surrounded by a remnant or neosynthetized BM material. We have previously reported the presence of a particular alpha chain of type IV collagen, the alpha3(IV) chain, in bronchopulmonary carcinomas. This chain was not detected in the normal bronchial epithelium, but was found around some invasive tumor cluster BM. In the present study, we examined the effects of the alpha3(IV) chain on the invasive properties of bronchial tumor cell lines, with special emphasis on their expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and its activator, membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP), which is largely involved in tumor progression. Two epithelial bronchial cell lines (16HBE14o- and BZR), showing different invasive abilities, were evaluated. Using the Boyden chamber invasion assay, we demonstrated that the alpha3(IV) chain inhibits the invasive properties of BZR cells and modifies their morphology by inducing an epithelial cell shape. In the presence of the recombinant NC1 domain of the alpha3(IV) chain, the expression of MMP-2 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) was not modified in either cell line. The NC1 alpha3(IV) domain did not modulate the MT1-MMP expression of noninvasive 16HBE14o- cells, whereas a 50% decrease of MT1-MMP mRNA was observed in invasive BZR cells. Accordingly, Western blot analyses showed a disappearance of the 45-kd MT1-MMP form when BZR cells were treated with the recombinant NC1 alpha3(IV) domain. These findings suggest that the alpha3 chain of type IV collagen may play a role in tumor invasion, at least by decreasing the expression and synthesis of MT1-MMP. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailAires protégées et accroissement démographique
Vermeulen, Cédric ULg

in Canopée : bulletin sur l'environnement en Afrique Centrale (2001), 20

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (19 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa distribution des industries dans une région : des images multiples
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg; Devillet, Guénaël ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2001), 40

How to apprehend the industrial distribution in a region ? How to analyse their pattern ? Such are the two main questions discussed in this paper which tries to give an answer by a progress in five steps ... [more ▼]

How to apprehend the industrial distribution in a region ? How to analyse their pattern ? Such are the two main questions discussed in this paper which tries to give an answer by a progress in five steps : thinking about the choice of indicators, thinking about the choice of the spatial scale, making or not a distinction between industrial hranchs or types, integreting or not the temporal changes, testing a typology. Through all the images that have been produced, the relativity of the points of view as well as their partial approach of the studying phenomenon are showed, which indicates that both « prudence » and « modesty » are necessary in all researchs trying to analyse the structures of the territories. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (17 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailS179D-human PRL, a pseudophosphorylated human PRL analog, is an agonist and not an antagonist
Bernichtein, Sophie; Kinet, Sandrina; Jeay, Sébastien et al

in Endocrinology (2001), 142(9), 3950-63

For many years, our group has been involved in the development of human PRL antagonists. In two recent publications, S179D-human PRL, a human PRL analog designed to mimic a putative S179-phosphorylated ... [more ▼]

For many years, our group has been involved in the development of human PRL antagonists. In two recent publications, S179D-human PRL, a human PRL analog designed to mimic a putative S179-phosphorylated human PRL, was reported to be a highly potent antagonist of human PRL-induced proliferation and signaling in rat Nb2 cells. We prepared this analog with the aim of testing it in various bioassays involving the homologous, human PRL receptor. In our hands, S179D- human PRL was able to stimulate 1) the proliferation of rat Nb2 cells and of human mammary tumor epithelial cells (T-47D), 2) transcriptional activation of the lactogenic hormone response element-luciferase reporter gene, and 3) activation of the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription and MAPK pathways. Using the previously characterized antagonist G129R-human PRL as a control, we failed to observe any evidence for antagonism of S179D-human PRL toward any of the human PRL-induced effects analyzed, including cell proliferation, transcriptional activation, and signaling. In conclusion, our data argue that S179D-human PRL is an agonist displaying slightly reduced affinity and activity due to local alteration of receptor binding site 1, and that the antagonistic properties previously attributed to S179D-human PRL cannot be confirmed in any of the assays analyzed in this study. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPrediction of protein digestibility in dog food by a multi-enzymatic method: a useful technique to develop.
Tonglet, Catherine; Jeusette, Isabelle; Istasse, Louis ULg et al

in Journal of Animal Physiology & Animal Nutrition (2001), 85(7-8), 189-94

The multi-enzymatic method with constant pH described by Dufour-Etienne et al. (Rec. Med. Vet. 168, 789-796, 1992) was tested using 17 industrial dry dog foods and two ingredients, sodium caseinate and ... [more ▼]

The multi-enzymatic method with constant pH described by Dufour-Etienne et al. (Rec. Med. Vet. 168, 789-796, 1992) was tested using 17 industrial dry dog foods and two ingredients, sodium caseinate and beef meat, which were used as references. The quantity of sodium hydroxide added to the enzymatic solution was measured after incubation times of 2, 5 and 10 min and the best prediction of the apparent protein digestibility was obtained with an incubation time fixed at 2 min. The volume of sodium hydroxide 0.1 N constantly added to maintain the pH of the solution at 8 was correlated to the value of in vivo digestibility of the protein measured in the dog. The correlation coefficient obtained was 0.90 with a standard error of the regression of 1.9 for all samples. The correlation coefficients calculated for incubation times of 5 and 10 min were lower than that at 2 min; thus an incubation period of 2 min provided the highest correlation coefficient for this multi-enzymatic method at constant pH. However, considering the lack of samples with an apparent protein digestibility ranging between 85 and 95%, the slope of the regression line and the correlation coefficient were strongly influenced by the ingredients, such that when the correlation coefficient was calculated for 17 dog foods without the reference ingredients, a coefficient of 0.71 (+/- 1.9) was obtained. These tests of in vitro digestibility are valuable to predict the apparent digestibility of the protein in the dog, but, it is essential to confirm the results by an in vivo test. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Cloninger's biosocial model of personality
Hansenne, Michel ULg

in Année Psychologique (L') (2001), 101(1), 155-181

In this review, the author proposes a synthesis of the biosocial model of personality developed by Cloninger. This model is based on several neurobiological and clinical hypotheses. According to this ... [more ▼]

In this review, the author proposes a synthesis of the biosocial model of personality developed by Cloninger. This model is based on several neurobiological and clinical hypotheses. According to this model, the personality is described by 4 temperaments (novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, and persistence) which are independently heritable and related to specific central neurotransmitters, and 3 characters (self-directedness, cooperativeness, and self-transcendence) that mature in adulthood. TCI (Temperament and Character Inventory) is a 226-item self questionnaire developed by Cloninger to assess the 7 dimensions of personality. The relationships between temperaments and neurotransmitters is particularly relevant in research and in clinical practice. From a clinical point of view, the model provides a foundation for integrating diagnosis and treatment planning, including both psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy. This review discuss the advantages and the limitations of this model and proposes some future directions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 199 (44 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImage analysis, impedance spectroscopy and mercury porosimetry characterisation of freeze-drying porous materials
Blacher, Silvia ULg; Maquet, Véronique; Pirard, René ULg et al

in Colloids and Surfaces A : Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects (2001), 187-188

Image analysis and impedance spectroscopy have been used as potential tools for the characterization of the texture of ultramacroporous PLA foams prepared by freeze-drying. It has been shown that these ... [more ▼]

Image analysis and impedance spectroscopy have been used as potential tools for the characterization of the texture of ultramacroporous PLA foams prepared by freeze-drying. It has been shown that these two techniques actually provide valuable information on the structure of this material. They are complementary to mercury porosimetry, which does not allow morphological details to be distinguished. Image analysis of SEM micrographs of transverse cross-sections at two different magnifications gave information on both the macroporosity (1 μm < width < 10 μm) and ultramacroporosity (width > 10 μm). Impedance spectroscopy was used to investigate the transport properties of the three-dimensional porous matrices by measurement of ionic conduction [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (14 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDe PCB/dioxine vergiftiging in België (1999): analyse van de gezondheidsrisico’s
Bernard, A.; Broekaert, F.; De Poorter, G. et al

in Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift (2001), 70

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFetal renal hyperechogenicity in intrauterine growth retardation : importance and outcome.
Suranyi, A.; Retz, C.; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Pediatric Nephrology : Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association (2001), 16(7), 575-580

The object of the study was to investigate the outcome in growth-retarded newborns who were diagnosed with fetal renal hyperechogenicity without anatomical abnormality during any stage of pregnancy ... [more ▼]

The object of the study was to investigate the outcome in growth-retarded newborns who were diagnosed with fetal renal hyperechogenicity without anatomical abnormality during any stage of pregnancy. Depending on the fetal renal ultrasonography result, the cases were divided into two study groups. There was an intrauterine growth-retarded group with fetal renal medullary hyperechogenicity and another group without fetal renal medullary hyperechogenicity. The renal parenchyma was observed after birth, within the first 5 days of life, and several times until the 14th postpartum day in positive cases. Hyperechogenic renal medullae were detected in 25 of 90 cases with intrauterine growth retardation during the 8-month study period. This may be an in utero cause of subsequent intrauterine and neonatal complications, such as cesarean section because of fetal distress (36%), perinatal infection (24%), treatment in a neonatal intensive care unit (52%), or increased perinatal mortality (8%). The results demonstrate that fetuses with hyperechoic medullae had 1.5 times the risk of an abnormal outcome compared with fetuses with normal echoic kidneys and intrauterine growth retardation. Detailed ultrasound examinations of renal parenchyma appear to be useful for the prenatal diagnosis of intrauterine hypoxia, allowing the detection of possible pathological fetal conditions in utero. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailContrebande de cigarettes: un exemple moderne de délinquance d'entreprise
Dantinne, Michaël ULg

in Revue Internationale de Criminologie et de Police Technique et Scientifique [= RICPTS] (2001), (1), 3-25

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPrediction Of Membrane Protein Orientation In Lipid Bilayers: A Theoretical Approach
Basyn, F.; Charloteaux, Benoît ULg; Thomas, Annick ULg et al

in Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling (2001), 20(3), 235-44

Over the past few years, several three-dimensional (3-D) structures of membrane proteins have been described with increasing accuracy, but their relationship with membranes are still not well understood ... [more ▼]

Over the past few years, several three-dimensional (3-D) structures of membrane proteins have been described with increasing accuracy, but their relationship with membranes are still not well understood. Recently, we have developed an empirical method, Integral Membrane Protein and Lipid Association (IMPALA), to predict the insertion of molecules (lipids, drugs) into lipid bilayers (Proteins 30 (1998) 357). The IMPALA uses a Monte Carlo minimisation procedure to calculate the depth and the angle of insertion of membrane-interacting molecules taking into account the restraints dictated by a lipid bilayer. In this paper, we use IMPALA to test the insertion of 23 integral membranous proteins (IMPs) and 2 soluble proteins into membranes. Four IMP are studied in detail: OmpA, maltoporin, MsCl channel and bacteriorhodopsin. The 3-D structures of the proteins are kept constant and the insertion into membrane is monitored by minimising the value of the restraint representing the sum of two terms, one for lipid perturbation and the other for hydrophobicity. The two soluble proteins are rejected from the membrane whereas, under the same conditions, all the membrane proteins remain inside, if the solvent accessible surface of the amino acids located inside the pore of porins is ignored. The results give the tilt angle of the IMP helices or strands with respect to the membrane surface and the depth of the protein mass centre insertion. We conclude that the restraint terms of IMPALA could be used to study the insertion of model structures or complexes of proteins within membranes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAlgebraic decay of the survival probability in chaotic helium
Schlagheck, Peter ULg; Buchleitner, A.

in Physical Review. A (2001), 63(2), 024701

We demonstrate that the classical helium atom exhibits algebraic decay of the survival probability in the autoionizing eZe configuration. Excitation towards asymptotic orbits of marginal stability is ... [more ▼]

We demonstrate that the classical helium atom exhibits algebraic decay of the survival probability in the autoionizing eZe configuration. Excitation towards asymptotic orbits of marginal stability is identified as the cause of the nonexponential decay. Since one electron travels along a bound Kepler trajectory of infinite excitation in these orbits, we argue that the classical decay law will prevail in the quantum dynamics of a wave packet launched along the eZe configuration. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMechanisms for tolerance to diatomaceous earth between strains of Tribolium castaneum
Rigaux, Marylin; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Fields, Paul

in Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata (2001), 101

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMetal fluxes through the Strait of Gibraltar: the influence of the Tinto and Odiel rivers (SW Spain)
Elbaz-Poulichet, F.; Morley, N. H.; Beckers, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Marine Chemistry (2001), 73(3-4), 193-213

A large set of new data concerning dissolved metal concentrations has been acquired in the Gulf of Cadiz and in the Strait of Gibraltar from 1996 to 1999. These data, associated with models (hydrodynamic ... [more ▼]

A large set of new data concerning dissolved metal concentrations has been acquired in the Gulf of Cadiz and in the Strait of Gibraltar from 1996 to 1999. These data, associated with models (hydrodynamic, tracer advection-dispersion and mixing), have been used to assess the influence of rivers draining the South Iberian Pyrite Belt on the Gulf of Cadiz and on the Atlantic inflow in the Strait of Gibraltar. Metal concentrations in surface waters from the Gulf of Cadiz are maximal near the mouth of the Tinto/Odiel rivers with values exceeding 50 nmol/kg (Mn), 5 nmol/kg (Ni), 30 nmol/kg (Cu), 100 nmol/kg (Zn), 0.9 nmol/kg (Cd) and 45 nmol/kg (As). From the Tinto/Odiel river, a plume of contamination follows the coast in the direction of the Strait of Gibraltar. The computation of a tracer advection-dispersion model confirms that the coastal currents carry the metals discharged from the Tinto and Odiel to the Strait of Gibraltar. From temperature-salinity and metal-salinity plots, four water masses can be recognised in the Gulf of Cadiz and in the Strait of Gibraltar: North Atlantic Surface Water (NASW), North Atlantic Central Water (NACW) and metal-enriched Spanish Shelf Waters from the Gulf of Cadiz (SSW). The Mediterranean Outflow Water (MOW) is also clearly seen at depths greater than 300 m. The chemical characteristics of these various water masses have been used in a mixing model to evaluate their relative contribution to the Atlantic inflow through the Strait of Gibraltar. These contributions are seasonally variable. in June 1997, the contribution was: 80 +/- 20%, 5 +/- 5% and 15 +/- 10% for NASW, NACW and SSW, respectively. In September, the SSW contribution was apparently negligible. Finally, these relative contributions allow the evaluation of the metal fluxes in the Strait of Gibraltar. The presence of SSW in the Strait increases the metal flux to the Mediterranean Sea by a factor of 2.3 (Cu), 2.4 (Cd), 3 (Zn) and 7 (Mn). It does not modify significantly As and Ni fluxes. (C) 2001 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSocial cues and verbal framing in risky choice
Wang, X. T.; Simons, F.; Brédart, Serge ULg

in Journal of Behavioral Decision Making (2001), 14

We examined how people use social and verbal cues of differing priorities in making social decisions. In Experiment 1, formally identical life-death choice problems were presented in different ... [more ▼]

We examined how people use social and verbal cues of differing priorities in making social decisions. In Experiment 1, formally identical life-death choice problems were presented in different hypothetical group contexts and were phrased in either a positive or negative frame. The risk-seeking choice became more dominant as the number of kin in an endangered group increased. Framing effects occurred only in a heterogeneous group context where the lives at risk were a mixture of kin and strangers. No framing effect was found when the same problem was presented in the context of a homogeneous group consisting of either all kin or all strangers. We viewed the framing effects to be a sign of indecisive risk preference due to the differential effects of a kinship cue and a stranger cue on choice. In Experiment 2, we presented the life-death problem in two artificial group contexts involving either 6 billion human lives or 6 billion extraterrestrial lives. A framing effect was found only in the human context. Two pre-conditions of framing effects appear to be social unfamiliarity of a decision problem and aspiration level of a decision maker. In Experiment 3, we analyzed the direction of the framing effect by balancing the framing. The direction of the framing effect depended on the baseline level of risk preference determined by a specific decision conte [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMagnetotransport properties of a single grain boundary in a bulk La-Ca-Mn-O material
Vertruyen, Bénédicte ULg; Cloots, Rudi ULg; Rulmont, André ULg et al

in Journal of Applied Physics (2001), 90(11), 5692-5697

Besides the "intrinsic" colossal magnetoresistance effect observed in single crystals, the polycrystalline manganate compounds also exhibit an "extrinsic" magnetoresistance related to the presence of ... [more ▼]

Besides the "intrinsic" colossal magnetoresistance effect observed in single crystals, the polycrystalline manganate compounds also exhibit an "extrinsic" magnetoresistance related to the presence of grain boundaries. We report electrical transport and magnetic measurements carried out on a bigrain sample extracted from a floating zone method-grown rod of calcium doped lanthanum manganate. Electrical resistance was measured both within a grain and across the grain boundary, between 20 and 300 K and from 0 to 8 T. Magnetoresistance values up to 99% are reached within the grain. The temperature dependence of the resistance across the grain boundary displays a "foot-like" feature towards the bottom of the transition. Low field and high field magnetoresistance effects are examined. We compare our results for a "bulk" grain boundary to those obtained by other authors for bicrystal thin films and bulk polycrystalline materials. (C) 2001 American Institute of Physics. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (17 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBacterial Intestinal Flora Associated with Enterotoxaemia in Belgian Blue Calves
Manteca, Christophe; Daube, Georges ULg; Pirson, Vincianne et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (2001), 81(1), 1-12

The enterotoxaemia syndrome in Belgian Blue calves is characterised by a high case fatality rate, sudden death, lesions of haemorrhagic enteritis of the small intestine and, quite often an absence of ... [more ▼]

The enterotoxaemia syndrome in Belgian Blue calves is characterised by a high case fatality rate, sudden death, lesions of haemorrhagic enteritis of the small intestine and, quite often an absence of other clinical signs but its cause has not been yet identified. As a first step in this identification, the aerobic and anaerobic intestinal flora of a population of 78 calves, originating from farms located in southern Belgium and that died in circumstances defined as "calf enterotoxaemia" (study population) and of 64 calves that died in other circumstances (control population) were studied qualitatively and quantitatively. The colonies were identified after subcultures with appropriate API sugar sets. Anaerobically Clostridium perfringens was isolated in higher numbers (mean values of 10(7)-10(7.5) colony forming units (CFU) versus 10(4)-10(5) CFU per ml of intestinal content) and from more animals (79 versus 19%) in the study population than in the control population, although individual results from both populations could overlap. Other clostridial species, i.e. mainly urease-negative C. sordellii and C. bifermentans, were isolated in high numbers (>10(6) CFU per ml of intestinal content) from a few animals in the study population only. All but one of the 705 C. perfringens isolates from both populations belonged to the A toxin type and none of the urease-negative C. sordellii was toxigenic. Gram-negative anaerobes were not isolated in high numbers from any of the samples. Aerobically beta-haemolytic E. coli were significantly more frequent among the study population, but were isolated from only 25% of the animals. Salmonella Typhimurium was isolated from only two animals in the study population. Less than 1% of the E. coli isolated were verotoxigenic and one-third were necrotoxigenic. At this stage only non-enterotoxigenic type A C. perfringens are thus statistically associated with the enterotoxaemia syndrome in Belgian Blue calves and fulfil the first of the Koch's postulates. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 108 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailImmunisation against East Coast fever by the infection and treatment method: evaluation of the use of ice baths for field delivery and appraisal of an acid formulation of long-acting tetracycline.
Marcotty, T.; Billiouw, M.; Chaka, G. et al

in Veterinary Parasitology (2001), 99(3), 175-87

Immunisation by the infection and treatment method using the Katete strain is currently the most efficient prophylactic technique to control East Coast fever (ECF) in the endemic areas of the Eastern ... [more ▼]

Immunisation by the infection and treatment method using the Katete strain is currently the most efficient prophylactic technique to control East Coast fever (ECF) in the endemic areas of the Eastern Province of Zambia. The maintenance of the cold chain in liquid nitrogen up to the time of inoculation and the cost of the reference long-acting oxytetracycline (Terramycin LA, Pfizer) are the main drawbacks of the method. The work presented in this paper aims at reducing the cost of immunisation against ECF by using an ice bath for the field delivery and a cheaper long-acting oxytetracycline formulation as chemotherapeutic agent. In experimental conditions, the results from 40 calves immunised after various periods of storage on ice ranging from 4 to 32 h indicate that deferred immunisation performed with a stabilate kept on ice for up to 6h after thawing has an efficiency of 90%. Moreover, sporozoites kept on ice were still surviving 32 h after thawing. In a field trial, 91 calves were inoculated with a stabilate kept for 3.5-5.5 h after thawing and dilution whereas 86 calves were immunised using the standard method. Clinical and parasitological reactions to immunisation were monitored as well as the seroconversion. In the field trial, the deferred immunisation was more efficient than the standard method. The acid formulation of oxytetracycline that was tested was found as suitable as the reference alkaline formulation for the chemotherapeutic control of the Katete strain in ECF immunisation. One indoor trial was carried out on 10 animals and a field trial involved 93 calves. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWave packet methods for charge exchange processes in ion-atom collision
Baloïtcha, Ezinvy; Desouter, Michèle ULg; Bacchus-Montabonel, Marie-Christine et al

in Journal of Chemical Physics (2001), 114

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfections virales humaines d'origine alimentaire
Scipioni, Alexandra ULg; Daube, Georges ULg; Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Point Vétérinaire (2001), 32

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Pyoverdin Of Pseudomonas Fluorescens Btp2, A Novel Structural Type
Ongena, MARC ULg; Jacques, Philippe ULg; Thonart, Philippe ULg et al

in Tetrahedron Letters (2001), 42(34),

Abstract—From Pseudomonas fluorescens BTP2 a pyoverdin was isolated which contained the so far not encountered Val in its peptide chain. Its structure could be elucidated by chemical degradation and ... [more ▼]

Abstract—From Pseudomonas fluorescens BTP2 a pyoverdin was isolated which contained the so far not encountered Val in its peptide chain. Its structure could be elucidated by chemical degradation and spectroscopic data. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAn overlay tree building control protocol
Mathy, Laurent ULg; Canonico, R.; Hutchison, D.

in Networked Group Communication (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDuck plague: a permanent threat for domestic and wild anatids
Marlier, Didier ULg; Jaumin, F.; Delleur, V. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2001), 145(5, NOV-DEC), 287-291

Duck plague: a permanent threat for domestic and wild anatids. Duck plague, also named duck virus enteritis is a disease of ducks, geese and swans of all ages. The authors present a review of the current ... [more ▼]

Duck plague: a permanent threat for domestic and wild anatids. Duck plague, also named duck virus enteritis is a disease of ducks, geese and swans of all ages. The authors present a review of the current knowledge about this viral infection. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailHpa Axis Dysfunction in Major Depression: Relationship to 5-Ht(1a) Receptor Activity
Pitchot, William ULg; Herrera, C.; Ansseau, Marc ULg

in Neuropsychobiology (2001), 44(2), 74-7

Major depression is associated with a dysfunction of the serotonergic activity and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Moreover, a reciprocal relationship between the serotonergic and HPA axis ... [more ▼]

Major depression is associated with a dysfunction of the serotonergic activity and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Moreover, a reciprocal relationship between the serotonergic and HPA axis systems has been hypothesized. The purpose of the present study was to assess the relationship between sensitivity of 5-HT(1A) receptors as measured by hormonal (ACTH, cortisol and PRL) and temperature responses to flesinoxan and HPA axis activity as measured by the dexamethasone suppression test. The sample included 21 inpatients with major depression. Dexamethasone nonsuppressors exhibited lower ACTH responses to flesinoxan as compared with dexamethasone suppressors. The results showed that a dysfunction in 5-HT(1A) receptor activity could be due to a hypersecretion of cortisol. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhole-body positron emission tomography using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose compared to standard procedures for staging patients with Hodgkin's disease.
Jerusalem, Guy ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg; Fassotte, Marie-France ULg et al

in Haematologica (2001), 86(3), 266-73

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Accurate staging is essential in order to determine appropriate treatment in Hodgkin's disease (HD). (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography ((18)F-FDG PET) offers ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Accurate staging is essential in order to determine appropriate treatment in Hodgkin's disease (HD). (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography ((18)F-FDG PET) offers the advantage of metabolic imaging that is largely independent of morphologic criteria. In the present study we evaluated the role of (18)F-FDG PET compared to routine procedures for the staging of patients with HD. DESIGN AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients with HD underwent standard staging procedures (clinical examination, laboratory screening, chest X-ray, computed tomography (CT) of the chest and abdomen and bilateral bone marrow biopsies) and a whole-body (18)F-FDG PET study. In clinical examination, an isolated lymph node > 1 cm or multiple lymph nodes > or = 1 cm in size were considered abnormal. Positive findings at both clinical examination or CT and (18)F-FDG PET were regarded as actual locations of disease. Negative findings with both methods were regarded as true negative (no involvement by HD). In cases of discrepancy, response to treatment and follow-up data were used to assess the overall accuracy of the patient's original evaluation. RESULTS: Completely concordant results in lymph node staging were observed in 20 patients. The two staging procedures indicated complementary information in 1 patient. Conventional staging indicated more pathologic lymph node areas in 6 patients (at least 1 false positive). (18)F-FDG PET showed more sites in 6 patients. The sensitivity of (18)F-FDG PET in detecting all known pathologic lymph nodes was 83% for peripheral lymph nodes, 91% for thoracic lymph nodes and 75% for abdominal and pelvic lymph nodes. Conventional staging procedures and (18)F-FDG PET indicated the same tumor stage in 26 patients. Based on (18)F-FDG PET, downstaging was suggested in 4 patients, including a biopsy-proven case. However in 1 of these cases this was incorrect. (18)F-FDG PET suggested upstaging in 3 patients. Based on conventional staging or (18)F-FDG PET the same treatment strategy was defined in 32 patients. In one patient (18)F-FDG PET downstaged disease extension (stage IIIA-->IIA) that would have suggested radiotherapy as a possible treatment option. INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: (18)F-FDG PET provides an easy and efficient whole-body method for the evaluation of patients with HD. (18)F-FDG PET never missed tumor masses >1 cm. (18)F-FDG PET detected additional sites of disease not seen by conventional procedures and identified absence of disease in some sites suspected to be involved. However, in our patients this did not translate into changes in treatment strategy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEtude clinique du mois. Protection secondaire de l'accident vasculaire cerebral par le perindopril: l'etude PROGRESS.
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(11), 792-5

PROGRESS ("Perindopril pROtection aGainst REcurrent Stroke Study") demonstrated that blood-pressure lowering treatment with perindopril, an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (combined with the ... [more ▼]

PROGRESS ("Perindopril pROtection aGainst REcurrent Stroke Study") demonstrated that blood-pressure lowering treatment with perindopril, an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (combined with the diuretic agent indapamide when necessary), reduces the risk of stroke by 28% (95% CI: 17-38, p < 0.0001) among patients with a history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack. This protective effect was observed among both hypertensive and non-hypertensive individuals. It was more marked in the patients receiving combined perindopril + indapamide treatment (-43%; 95% CI 30-54) who were those who showed the greatest reduction in arterial blood pressure (-12/5 mm Hg). According to these observations, the authors concluded that treatment with these two agents should now be considered routinely for patients with a history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack, irrespective of their blood pressure. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMorphological and ecological complexity in early eukaryotic ecosystems
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg; Knoll, A. H.; Walter, M. R.

in Nature (2001), 412(6842), 66-69

Molecular phylogeny and biogeochemistry indicate that eukaryotes differentiated early in Earth history. Sequence comparisons of small-subunit ribosomal RNA genes suggest a deep evolutionary divergence of ... [more ▼]

Molecular phylogeny and biogeochemistry indicate that eukaryotes differentiated early in Earth history. Sequence comparisons of small-subunit ribosomal RNA genes suggest a deep evolutionary divergence of Eukarya and Archaea(1); C-27-C-29 steranes (derived from sterols synthesized by eukaryotes) and strong depletion of C-13 (a biogeochemical signature of methanogenic Archaea) in 2,700 Myr old kerogens independently place a minimum age on this split(2,3). Steranes, large spheroidal microfossils, and rare macrofossils of possible eukaryotic origin occur in Palaeoproterozoic rocks(4-6). Until now, however, evidence for morphological and taxonomic diversification within the domain has generally been restricted to very late Mesoproterozoic and Neoproterozoic successions(7). Here we show that the cytoskeletal and ecological prerequisites for eukaryotic diversification were already established in eukaryotic microorganisms fossilized nearly 1,500 Myr ago in shales of the early Mesoproterozoic Roper Group in northern Australia. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (12 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Secret History of Belgian Surrealism
Delville, Michel ULg

in Samizdat (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSensitivity analysis of longitudinal binary quality of life data with drop-out: an example using the EORTC QLQ-C30
Van Steen, Kristel ULg; Curran, D.; Molenberghs, G.

in Statistics in Medicine (2001), 20(24), 3901-20

Analysing quality of life data (QOL) may be complicated for several reasons. Quality of life data not only involves repeated measures but is also usually collected on ordered categorical responses. In ... [more ▼]

Analysing quality of life data (QOL) may be complicated for several reasons. Quality of life data not only involves repeated measures but is also usually collected on ordered categorical responses. In addition, it is evident that not all patients provide the same number of assessments, due to attrition caused by death or other medical reasons. In the recent statistical literature, increasing attention is given to methods which can handle non-continuous outcomes in the presence of missing data. The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect on statistical conclusions of applying different modelling techniques to QOL data generated from an EORTC phase III trial. Treatment effects and treatment differences are of major concern. First, a random-effects model is fitted, relating a binary longitudinal response (derived from the physical functioning scale of the QLQ-C30) to several covariates. In a second approach, marginal models are fitted, retaining the response variable and the mean structure used before. The fitted marginal models only differ with respect to the considered estimation procedure: generalized estimating equations (GEE); weighted generalized estimating equations (WGEE), and maximum likelihood (ML). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvolution of aphidophagous ladybird populations in a vegetable crop and implications as biological agents.
Francis, Frédéric ULg; Colignon, P.; Hastir, P. et al

in Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwkundige en Toegepaste Biologische Wetenschappen (Rijksuniversiteit te Gent) (2001), 66(2a), 333-40

Aphidophagous predators such as hoverfly and ladybird beetles are effective biological agents to control aphid pests in perennial and annual cultivated species. Introduction and conservation of beneficial ... [more ▼]

Aphidophagous predators such as hoverfly and ladybird beetles are effective biological agents to control aphid pests in perennial and annual cultivated species. Introduction and conservation of beneficial insects are two ways to increase natural control of pests. Whether massive releases of entomophagous insects are expensive and time consuming, the preservation of predator natural populations can be expected by reducing and by adapting chemical treatments in crop fields. Vegetable cultivated areas increased in Belgium for several years, mainly Fabaceae species such as peas and beans. In this work, the evolution of ladybird species population was assessed from May to June in broad bean fields (Vicia faba L.) between Waremme and Hannut, in Hesbaye. Weekly, the aphid and aphidophagous beetle populations were collected from yellow traps and determined on plants by visual observations. Even if five ladybird species were identified, three of them represented more than 95% of the collected insects (Coccinella septempunctata L., Propylea quatuor-decimpunctata L. and Psyllobora vingintiduopunctata L.). Evolution of coccinellid populations during the cultivation season was discussed in relation to the presence of potential aphid preys and the agrochemical treatments which were applied. Integrated pest management in vegetable fields constitute a reliable way to increase the quality level of fresh vegetables in terms of pesticide residue limitations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailYoung Investigators Workshop participants (P.A Coucke) and N. Coleman : Radiation Research program, Radiation Oncology Sciences Program, National Cancer Institue, Nih, August 1-2, 2000
Coucke, Philippe ULg

in International Journal of Radiation, Oncology, Biology, Physics (2001), 49(5), 1505-1516

INTRODUCTION The one-and-a-half day Young Investigators Workshop was held in the Holiday Inn, Bethesda, August 1–2, 2000. Using the SCAROP mailing list and recommendations from department chiefs ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION The one-and-a-half day Young Investigators Workshop was held in the Holiday Inn, Bethesda, August 1–2, 2000. Using the SCAROP mailing list and recommendations from department chiefs, approximately 55 “early-career” physicianscientists were invited to attend the workshop. Table 1 includes the participants. The goals of the meeting were: c To bring together radiation oncology physician-scientists who were in the early part of their career to discuss research ideas and opportunities as well as potential barriers to progress for the field and for young-investigator careers. c To help develop camaraderie among and a critical-mass of a new generation of physician-scientists with interests ranging from technology development, to basic and translational research, to outcomes research and analysis. c To help the young investigators gain familiarity with the NIH grant programs. c To prepare a “white paper” with their vision and ideas for potential opportunities for the future. If possible, a shortand long-term agenda were to be proposed. The first morning included presentations from a variety of NCI programs. Three breakout sessions were held in the afternoon. Breakout Group Reports were discussed by the entire group the following morning. A fourth discussion topic on “Barriers To a Successful Research Career” was conducted by the entire group. Drafts of this entire Workshop Report were circulated to the participants. The final document represents the efforts of the entire Young Investigators Workshop and provides the perspective from the point of view of the investigators who have many years to invest in the future of radiation oncology. The Radiation Research Program (RRP) is grateful to all the participants for a lively workshop and to the session co-chairs for the timely preparation of this report. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGrowth patterns of Belgian Blue replacement heifers and growing males in commercial farms
de Behr, Vanessa; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg et al

in Livestock Production Science (2001), 71

A survey was carried out to propose models of growth curves in Belgian Blue cattle less than 20 months of age and raised in commercial farms in southern Belgium. Live weight data were recorded between ... [more ▼]

A survey was carried out to propose models of growth curves in Belgian Blue cattle less than 20 months of age and raised in commercial farms in southern Belgium. Live weight data were recorded between 1993 and 1999 from 1104 breeding heifers, and 924 growing males. The linear, polynomial group, power, logistic, Brody, Gompertz, von Bertalanffy and Richards models were used and compared. A step-wise linear growth model characterized by two periods of linear growth was also evaluated. This last model has been proposed as the reference model to characterize the growth curves of Belgian Blue cattle less than 20 months old. The animals were then ranked and divided in subgroups based on percentiles and quartiles in order to compare their performances. The subgroups performing better presented a greater homogeneity. The males ranked above the 90th percentile presented a growth rate comparable to that of young males selected for artificial insemination. Cattle ranked above the third quartile presented a growth rate comparable to that of licensed animals. When reproduction performances were related to the growth rate, it appeared that the better growing heifers were bred younger and heavier than lesser performing animals. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 96 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe point sur la transplantation pancreatique.
De Roover, Arnaud ULg; Detry, Olivier ULg; Hamoir, Etienne ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(8), 557-62

Pancreas transplantation significantly improves the quality of life as well as the survival of the diabetic patient. It is also associated with stabilization and reversal of secondary diabetic ... [more ▼]

Pancreas transplantation significantly improves the quality of life as well as the survival of the diabetic patient. It is also associated with stabilization and reversal of secondary diabetic complications. Improvements in organ preservation, surgical techniques and immunosuppression have achieved one-year graft survival of more than 90% for combined kidney-pancreas transplant and 80% for isolated pancreas transplantation. Recipient evaluation must weigh the benefits of the procedure with the risk associated with surgery and chronic immunosuppression. Combined kidney-pancreas transplantation appears today as the best treatment for the diabetic patient with end stage renal disease. Isolated pancreas transplantation is reserved to non-uremic patients with severe diabetic complications or with brittle glycaemic control and severe impairment of quality of life. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSmoothed nonparametric maximum likelihood estimation of the risk distribution underlying bonus-malus systems
Denuit, Michel; Lambert, Philippe ULg

in Proceedings of the Casualty Actuarial Society (2001), LXXXVIII

Mixed Poisson distributions are widely used for modeling claim counts when the portfolio is thought to be heterogeneous. The risk (or mixing) distribution then represents a measure of this heterogeneity ... [more ▼]

Mixed Poisson distributions are widely used for modeling claim counts when the portfolio is thought to be heterogeneous. The risk (or mixing) distribution then represents a measure of this heterogeneity. The aim of this paper is to use a variant of the Patilea and Rolin [15] smoothed version of the Simar [20] Non-Parametric Maximum Likelihood Estimator of the risk distribution in the mixed Poisson model. Empirical results based on two data sets from automobile third-party liability insurance demonstrate the relevance of this approach. The design of merit-rating schemes is discussed in the second part of the paper. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailApplication and processing of geophysical images for mapping faults
Demanet, Donat; Renardy, François; Pirard, Eric ULg et al

in Computers & Geosciences (2001), 29(7), 1031-1037

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRole of interface deformations in Benard-Marangoni instability
Lebon, Georgy ULg; Dauby, Pierre ULg; Regnier, Vincent

in Acta Astronautica (2001), 48(5-12), 617-627

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBabel enfer
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Série Léon Bloy (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (16 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAuto/biographie. Le dispositif Mallarmé/Verlaine
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Littératures (2001), 44(printemps), 97-119

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCompact and portable holographic camera using photorefractive crystals. Application in various metrological problems
Georges, Marc ULg; Scauflaire, Véronique; Lemaire, Philippe

in Applied Physics B : Lasers & Optics (2001), 72

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCaractérisation de particules d'engrais : corrélation entre les propriétés physiques et morphométriques
Miserque, Olivier; Tissot, Serge; Pirard, Eric ULg

in Récents Progrès en Génie des Procédés (2001), 15(78),

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (3 ULg)
See detailDevelopment of a test battery for assessing cognitive functions of elderly patients with Down syndrome
Georges, Michel ULg; Thewis, B.; Van der Linden, Martial ULg et al

in Revue de Neuropsychologie (2001), 11(4), 549-579

Post-mortem studies of Down syndrome (DS) individuals older than 35 years show that almost 100% of them develop the neuropathological symptoms of Alzheimer disease (AD). A test battery designed to assess ... [more ▼]

Post-mortem studies of Down syndrome (DS) individuals older than 35 years show that almost 100% of them develop the neuropathological symptoms of Alzheimer disease (AD). A test battery designed to assess several domains of cognition was administered to a group of 12 DS individuals older than 35 years. It proved sensitive to individual differences and thus appears to be appropriate for the observation of cognitive change linked to age. Statistical analyses do not reveal cognitive changes in the DS subjects after one year time. However qualitative analyses of individual profiles suggest a cognitive decline in one subject. Additionally, in a PET-scan examination, three subjects present a mild decrease in cerebral glucose metabolism similar to that usually observed in AD. An AD diagnostic though remains uncertain at this stage. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 134 (9 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMicrotubule-associated protein 1B: a neuronal binding partner for myelin-associated glycoprotein.
Franzen, Rachelle ULg; Tanner, Sandy; Dashiell, Suzanne et al

in Journal of Cell Biology (2001), 155

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFour years of induction/synchronization of estrus in dairy goats: effect on the evolution of eCG binding rate in relation with the parameters of reproduction
Drion, Pierre ULg; Furtoss, V.; Baril, G. et al

in Reproduction Nutrition Development (2001), 41(5), 401-412

Ninety-eight Alpine goats of two herds were followed over 4 years in a program of annual artificial insemination after estrus induction/synchronization, including progestagen administration (vaginal ... [more ▼]

Ninety-eight Alpine goats of two herds were followed over 4 years in a program of annual artificial insemination after estrus induction/synchronization, including progestagen administration (vaginal sponge) followed by prostaglandin analog and equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) 48 h before sponge removal. Goats were sampled every 4 hours from the 16th to the 56th following sponge removal, for determination of LH surge and tested for estrus by the presence of a buck. Seven days after AI, endoscopic examination of the ovaries was performed to determine the number of corpus lutea. Pregnancy diagnosis was performed at day 21-22 post AI by determination of plasma progesterone and at day 40-45 by ultrasonography. Parturition, number and sex of kids were recorded. All the goats were sampled before and after each treatment, for anti-eCG antibodies screening. Statistical analysis of the results clearly established a significant effect of the treatments on anti-eCG antibodies. Time of estrus and LH surge were significantly different between herd. The antibodies significantly delayed the time of coming out of estrus as well as the time of LH surge. Two antagonistic effects were evidenced: first, the delayed of time of estrus and time of LH surge in relation with the immune reaction to eCG; secondly, the ahead of time of estrus and time of LH surge during the years of treatment, identical to both herd. The antibodies negatively influenced the percentage of ovulating females as well as kidding rate. Finally, no effect of antibodies on prolificacy was found. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (10 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAutomatic time stepping algorithms for implicit numerical simulations of blade/casing interactions
Noels, Ludovic ULg; Stainier, Laurent ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg et al

in International Journal of Crashworthiness (2001), 6(3), 351-362

An automatic time stepping algorithm for non-linear problems, solved by implicit schemes, is presented. The time step computation is based on the estimation of an integration error calculated from the ... [more ▼]

An automatic time stepping algorithm for non-linear problems, solved by implicit schemes, is presented. The time step computation is based on the estimation of an integration error calculated from the acceleration difference. It is normalised according to the size of the problem and the integration parameters. This time step control algorithm modifies the time step size only if the problem has a long time physical change. Additionally, the Hessian matrix can be kept constant for several iterations, even though the problem is non-linear. A criterion selecting if the Hessian matrix must be calculated or not is developed. Finally, a criterion of iterations divergence is also proposed. It avoids the determination, by the user, of a maximal iteration number. This minimises the total number of iterations, and thus the computation cost. Industrial numerical examples are presented that demonstrate the performances (precision and computational cost) of the algorithms. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (6 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe cas clinique du mois. Syndrome d'hypertension porto-pulmonaire associe a une hypoxemie severe.
Kolan, C.; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(8), 543-7

We report the case of a patient with liver cirrhosis who was admitted to the emergency room for rapid occurrence of dyspnea and severe hypoxemia at rest. Lung CT-scan and echocardiography did not disclose ... [more ▼]

We report the case of a patient with liver cirrhosis who was admitted to the emergency room for rapid occurrence of dyspnea and severe hypoxemia at rest. Lung CT-scan and echocardiography did not disclose any right-to-left shunt and right-sided heart catheterization evidenced major precapillary pulmonary hypertension. The present feature supports the hypothesis that the pulmonary complications of cirrhosis, the hepatopulmonary syndrome and the portopulmonary hypertension, which are usually considered as mutually exclusive, may coexist. In such circumstances, the right failing heart is the major determinant to the immediate prognosis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDissipative forces and external resonances
Jancart, Sylvie ULg; Lemaitre, Anne

in Celestial mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy (2001), 81

We analyze the process of resonance trapping due to Poynting-Robertson drag and Stokes drag in the frame of the restricted 3-body problem and in the case of external mean motion resonances. The numerical ... [more ▼]

We analyze the process of resonance trapping due to Poynting-Robertson drag and Stokes drag in the frame of the restricted 3-body problem and in the case of external mean motion resonances. The numerical simulations presented are computed by using the 3-dimensional extended Schubart averaging (ESA) integrator developed by Moons (1994) for all mean motion resonances. We complete it by adding the contributions of the dissipative forces. To follow the philosophy of the initial integrator, we average the drag terms, but we do not make any expansion in series of eccentricity or inclination. We show our results, especially capture around asymmetric equilibria, and compare them to those found by Beaué and Ferraz-Mello (1993, 1994) and Liou et al. (1979). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTheoretical and experimental identification of a non-linear beam
Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg; Worden, K.

in Journal of Sound & Vibration (2001), 244

The identi"cation of the dynamic characteristics of linear systems is now widely used and interest in non-linear systems has increased. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the performance of the ... [more ▼]

The identi"cation of the dynamic characteristics of linear systems is now widely used and interest in non-linear systems has increased. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the performance of the restoring force surface method as far as the identi"cation of non-linear systems is concerned. The vibrations of a clamped beam are investigated for two di!erent kinds of non-linearity. Firstly, the beam shows a non-linear behaviour characterized by a piecewise linear sti!ness and secondly, the non-linearity comes from a bilinear sti!ness. Both numerical and experimental results are presented. (C) 2001 Academic Press [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGlutathione S-transferases of Aulacorthum solani and Acyrthosiphon pisum: partial purification and characterization.
Francis, Frédéric ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Gaspar, Charles ULg et al

in Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology Part B (2001), 129(1), 165-71

Glutathione S-transferases (GST) play an important role in the detoxification of many substances including allelochemicals from plants. Brassicaceae plants contain glucosinolates and emit volatile ... [more ▼]

Glutathione S-transferases (GST) play an important role in the detoxification of many substances including allelochemicals from plants. Brassicaceae plants contain glucosinolates and emit volatile isothiocyanates which affect the GST system. A comparison of the GST of two aphid species, the generalist Aulacorthum solani found on Brassicaceae and the Fabaceae specialist Acyrthosiphon pisum, was made to try to explain their respective feeding behaviour. Differences of GST were determined among the two aphid species based on purification by affinity chromatography, SDS-PAGE and on kinetic studies. Purification yields using an epoxy-activated Sepharose 6B column were highly different for the two aphid species (18% and 34% for A. solani and A. pisum, respectively). These variations were confirmed by SDS-PAGE. While only a 27-kDa band was observed for A. pisum, two bands of approximately 25-kDa were visualized for the generalist aphid, A. solani. Considering the kinetic results, differences of Km and Vmax were observed following the aphid species when a range of substrates (CDNB and DCNB) and GSH concentrations were tested. Studies on the detoxification enzymes of generalist and specialist herbivores would be undertaken to determine accurately the effect of the host plant on the organisms eating them, particularly in terms of biochemical and ecological advantages. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailRadiothérapie vasculaire : un nouveau standard
Coucke, Philippe ULg; HU PHUOC DO; URBAN, Ph. et al

in Médecine et Hygiène (2001), 59(2342), 853-858

Le traitement des maladies cardiovasculalres, et plus spécifiquement la prise en charge des patients avec des sténoses vasculalres, qu'elles soient cardiaques ou périphériques, est en train d'être modifié ... [more ▼]

Le traitement des maladies cardiovasculalres, et plus spécifiquement la prise en charge des patients avec des sténoses vasculalres, qu'elles soient cardiaques ou périphériques, est en train d'être modifié de façon radicale. Avec l'Introduction des techniques d'angioplastie par vole transcutanée (PTCA) et la mise en place de « stents », on a certainement amélioré le devenir de ces malades. Toutefois, l'incidence de resténose après ces interventions endovasculaires reste élevée. Ce phénomène d'oblitération vasculaire après angloplastie ou stent s'explique en partie par des mécanismes de prolifération néointimale. On s'est donc logiquement tourné vers les radiations ionisantes comme alternative thérapeutique possible vu leur efficacité sur les processus de prolifération cellulaire, Autant pour les lésions de novo que les resténoses in-stent, on observe l'efficacité des radiations ionisantes. Les résultats des premiers essais randomisés ont été rendus publics et ceci va certainement changer les standards de prise en charge en cardiologie interventionnelle. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPreparation of mebendazole HP-beta-cyclodextrin complexes using water-soluble polymers and organic acids
Alvarez, Covadonga; Van Hees, Thierry ULg; Piel, Géraldine ULg et al

in STP Pharma Sciences (2001), 11(6), 439-442

Mebendazole (MBZ) is a carbamate derivative with an aminobenzimidazole structure. It possesses antihelminthic properties and is particularly insoluble in water. In order to increase its aqueous solubility ... [more ▼]

Mebendazole (MBZ) is a carbamate derivative with an aminobenzimidazole structure. It possesses antihelminthic properties and is particularly insoluble in water. In order to increase its aqueous solubility, hydroxpropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CD) was used in combination with water-soluble polymers (polyvinylpyrrolidone or hydroxypropymethyl cellulose) and different organic acids (citric or tartaric). Increased solubility was observed on heating the mixture. The effects of the time and temperature of the heating process on drug solubility and stability were investigated. The results clearly show that the best conditions for increasing solubility and limiting degradation of MBZ is to heat a combination of MBZ, HP-beta-CD (200 mM), tartaric or citric acid (50 mM) and HPMC (0.1% w/v) in a water-bath at 95degreesC for 60 min. This method increases solubility to about 680 mug/ml and limits degradation to 2.5%. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 550 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailIntroduction générale aux techniques d'imagerie
Pirard, Eric ULg

in Techniques de l'Industrie Minérale (2001), 12

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'impact de la readaptation cardiaque sur la qualite de vie apres un pontage aorto-coronaire : Une etude belge
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Fontaine, Ovide ULg; Dupuis, Gilles et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2001), 6(2), 15-25

The aim of this study was to measure the quality of life of coronary artery bypass surgery patients enrolled or not in a rehabilitation program. The study was prospective and longitudinal and used ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to measure the quality of life of coronary artery bypass surgery patients enrolled or not in a rehabilitation program. The study was prospective and longitudinal and used patients’ self selection as the allocation strategy to constitute the two groups: rehabilitation and no-rehabilitation. Forty first coronary bypass surgery patients (38 men and 2 women, mean age 59 +/-8) were recruited from four hospitals in a French area of Belgium. Patients were evaluated before and after surgery with: the Quality of Life Systemic Inventory (QLSI), the Beck Depression Inventory, the State Anxiety Inventory, a somatic symptoms questionnaire, a physical activities questionnaire, and a medical questionnaire. Both groups improved on the QLSI global score of quality of life, but the effect size (eta squared) was greater in the rehab group (0.5) compared to the no rehab group (0.25) [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 429 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailGérer l'hétérogénéité des élèves : Méthodes de regroupement des élèves dans l'enseignement obligatoire
Monseur, Christian ULg; Demeuse, Marc ULg

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2001), (7-8), 25-52

Detailed reference viewed: 101 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA thoughtful approach to brain tumours
Deprez, Manuel ULg

in Lancet (2001), Vol 358

Brain Tumours is a serious book, more than 1000 pages long, with 50 chapters, and the efforts of nearly 100 contributors. The editors begin by reminding us that surgery has always had a central role in ... [more ▼]

Brain Tumours is a serious book, more than 1000 pages long, with 50 chapters, and the efforts of nearly 100 contributors. The editors begin by reminding us that surgery has always had a central role in the management of brain tumours. However, surgical resection is often incomplete because of diffuse infiltration and the anatomical limits imposed by the surgical approach, or by proximity to the eloquent cortex. Incomplete resection undoubtedly contributes to tumour progression or recurrence, and the means to solve this dilemma lie in the collaborative effort of various medical and scientific disciplines. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOil field subsidence phenomena
Charlier, Robert ULg; Schroeder, Christian ULg; Radu, Jean-Pol ULg et al

in Revue Française de Génie Civil (2001), 5(6), 857-866

Subsidence of an chalky oil field is described. The mechanical behaviour of the chalk partly saturated by oil and water is described and allows to model the compaction occurring within a simple reservoir ... [more ▼]

Subsidence of an chalky oil field is described. The mechanical behaviour of the chalk partly saturated by oil and water is described and allows to model the compaction occurring within a simple reservoir model during the depletion as well as during the water injection. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 89 (11 ULg)
Full Text
See detailTransplantation pulmonaire et fonction mitochondriale
Detry, Olivier ULg; Willet, K.; Meurisse, Michel ULg et al

in Bulletin et Mémoires de l'Académie Royale de Médecine de Belgique (2001), 156(6, Pt 2), 355-9

The mechanisms of cellular lesions induced by lung ischemia and reperfusion are not fully understood and, in particular, the consequences of pulmonary ischemia and reperfusion injury on mitochondrial ... [more ▼]

The mechanisms of cellular lesions induced by lung ischemia and reperfusion are not fully understood and, in particular, the consequences of pulmonary ischemia and reperfusion injury on mitochondrial function have not been previously investigated. Therefore, we studied the respiratory function of isolated pulmonary mitochondria in a swine model of lung ischemia and reperfusion. We demonstrated that prolonged hypothermic (4 degrees C) ischemia induces significant lesions of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, particularly if ischemia is followed by normothermic reperfusion. These results should be integrated in the cellular alterations induced by the ischemia-reperfusion injury. In another swine model mimicking controlled non-heart beating donors, we demonstrated that thirty minutes of cardiac arrest do not promote significant alteration of the mitochondrial respiratory function. In contrast, forty-five minutes of cardiac arrest, induced significant mitochondrial lesions. This pulmonary tolerance to normothermic cardiac arrest might be explained by the presence of air in the lung airways, allowing some aerobic metabolism after circulatory arrest. These results suggested that lung grafts might be harvested from non-heart beating donors after thirty minutes of cardiac arrest, significantly increasing the pulmonary graft pool. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSurface Modification of Polycarbonate and Poly(ethyleneterephthalate) Films and Membranes by Polyelectrolyte Deposition
Dauginet, Laurence; Duwez, Anne-Sophie ULg; Legras, Roger et al

in Langmuir (2001), 17

The surface modification by chemical or physical adsorption of a polyelectrolyte (polyallylamine, PAH) was established using hydrolyzed polycarbonate (PC) and poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) thick and ... [more ▼]

The surface modification by chemical or physical adsorption of a polyelectrolyte (polyallylamine, PAH) was established using hydrolyzed polycarbonate (PC) and poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) thick and thin films. Contact angle data indicated changes in the hydrophilicity of PET film surfaces in terms of the chemical treatment. XPS analysis showed that the immobilization of PAH on PET and PC films was effective and that the amount of chemically or/and physically bounded PAH depends on the pH of the electrolyte solution used for the adsorption. Similar treatments have been successfully applied to polymeric track-etched membranes. These modified membranes have been used as templates for the synthesis of polypyrrole (PPy) nanotubules. FE-SEM analysis showed that much thicker PPy tubules were obtained in modified membranes than in virgin ones. This indicates that the surface chemistry of the pore walls plays an important role in the morphology of the nanostructures synthesized within the pores [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA stable isotope approach to the eastern Weddell Sea trophic web: focus on benthic amphipods
Nyssen, Fabienne ULg; Brey, Thomas; Lepoint, Gilles ULg et al

in Polar Biology (2001), 25(4),

isotope (C-13/C-12 and N-15/N-14) analyses were performed on 90 species belonging to different benthic communities sampled in the eastern Weddell Sea. The study focused on eight amphipod species whose ... [more ▼]

isotope (C-13/C-12 and N-15/N-14) analyses were performed on 90 species belonging to different benthic communities sampled in the eastern Weddell Sea. The study focused on eight amphipod species whose isotopic composition was compared to their previously described respective gut contents. Amphipod stable isotope ratios correspond fairly accurately to the trophic classification based on gut contents and attest to their wide spectrum of feeding types. Since the fundamental difference between the isotope and the gut content approaches to diet studies is the time scale each method addresses. this coincidence indicates that there would be no significant changes in feeding strategies over time. Three levels of the food web are covered by the eight species and, instead of belonging strictly to one trophic category, amphipods display a continuum of values from the suspension-feeder to scavengers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModule checking
Kupferman, Orna; Vardi, Moshe Y; Wolper, Pierre ULg

in Information & Computation (2001), 164(2), 322-344

In computer system design, we distinguish between closed and open systems. A closed system is a system whose behavior is completely determined by the state of the system. An open system is a system that ... [more ▼]

In computer system design, we distinguish between closed and open systems. A closed system is a system whose behavior is completely determined by the state of the system. An open system is a system that interacts with its environment and whose behavior depends on this interaction. The ability of temporal logics to describe an ongoing interaction of a reactive program with its environment makes them particularly appropriate for the specification of open systems. Nevertheless, model-checking algorithms used for the verification of closed systems are not appropriate for the verification of open systems. Correct model checking of open systems should check the system with respect to arbitrary environments and should take into account uncertainty regarding the environment. This is not the case with current model-checking algorithms and tools. In this paper we introduce and examine the problem of model checking of open systems (module checking, for short). We show that while module checking and model checking coincide for the linear-time paradigm, module checking is much harder than model checking for the branching-time paradigm. We prove that the problem of module checking is EXPTIME-complete for specifications in CTL and 2EXPTIME-complete for specifications in CTL*. This bad news is also carried over when we consider the program-complexity of module checking. As good news, we show that for the commonly-used fragment of CTL (universal, possibly, and always possibly properties), current model-checking tools do work correctly, or can be easily adjusted to work correctly, with respect to both closed and open systems. (C) 2001 Academic Press. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSinglet-triplet excitation ratios in Ne III, Ar III and N II under ion impact
Träbert, E.; Garnir, Henri-Pierre ULg; Dumont, Paul-Dominique ULg et al

in European Physical Journal D -- Atoms, Molecules, Clusters & Optical Physics (2001), 15

Peculiar properties of ion-atom collision systems, in particular deviations from statistical populations of singlet and triplet levels, can be studied by optical spectroscopy.We have extended earlier ... [more ▼]

Peculiar properties of ion-atom collision systems, in particular deviations from statistical populations of singlet and triplet levels, can be studied by optical spectroscopy.We have extended earlier studies by VUV spectroscopy of a number of collision systems at various collision energies in the 0.01-MeV/nucleon to 1-MeV/nucleon range, involving H+ 2 , H+, He+, He2+, Ne+, Ar+, and N+ 2 as projectiles and Ne, Ar, and N2 as target gases. Statistically signi cant deviations of the relative intensities of singlet and triplet lines from simple ratios are observed in the displaced terms of the valence shell of Ne III, corroborating and extending earlier work. For Ar III, the energy dependences of singlet-to-triplet excitation ratios are very different for dff erent projectiles. For NII, in contrast, all observed line ratios are practically independent of the projectile energy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (2 ULg)
See detailDe impact van Van Ostaijen. Een gesprek met Geert Buelens
Spinoy, Erik ULg; Willockx, Dietlinde; Peeters, Patrick

in Freespace Nieuwzuid (2001), 2(7), 3-28

This is the text of an interview with Geert Buelens, author of an important study of Paul van Ostaijen's influence on modern Flemish poetry.

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa crise argentine : faillite d’un système et crise géopolitique ?
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Cahiers des Ameriques Latines (2001), 38/3

La crise qui cuvait depuis plus de trois ans en Argentine et qui a éclaté au grand jour en décembre 2001 a occasionné d'importantes conséquences pour la politique étrangère du pays et partant des ... [more ▼]

La crise qui cuvait depuis plus de trois ans en Argentine et qui a éclaté au grand jour en décembre 2001 a occasionné d'importantes conséquences pour la politique étrangère du pays et partant des mutations géopolitiques régionales. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTrophic diversiy within the eastern Weddell Sea amphipod community
Dauby, Patrick ULg; Scailteur, Yves; De Broyer, Claude

in Hydrobiologia (2001), 443

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDifferential Equations of Stiffened Panels
Rigo, Philippe ULg

in Dept. of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEthnobotanical And Chemical Surveys Of An Edible Wild Legume: Uraria Picta (Jacq.) Dc.
Ambe, Guy-Alain; Lognay, Georges ULg; Wathelet, Bernard ULg et al

in Ecology of Food and Nutrition (2001), 40(5),

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (13 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImaging Mixed Lipid Monolayers By Dynamic Atomic Force Microscopy
Deleu, Magali ULg; Nott, Katherine ULg; Brasseur, Robert ULg et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Biomembranes (2001), 1513(1),

Phase imaging with tapping mode atomic force microscopy (AFM) and force modulation microscopy were used to probe the mechanical properties of phase-separated lipid monolayers made of a mixture (0.25:0.75 ... [more ▼]

Phase imaging with tapping mode atomic force microscopy (AFM) and force modulation microscopy were used to probe the mechanical properties of phase-separated lipid monolayers made of a mixture (0.25:0.75) of the surface-active lipopeptide surfactin and of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC). The π–A isotherms and the result of a molecular modeling study revealed a loose, 2-D liquid-like organization for the surfactin molecules and a closely packed, 2-D solid-like organization for DPPC molecules. This difference in molecular organization was responsible for a significant contrast in height, tapping mode phase and force modulation amplitude images. Phase imaging at light tapping, i.e., with a ratio of the set-point tapping amplitude with respect to the free amplitude Asp/A0≈0.9, showed larger phase shifts on the solid-like DPPC domains attributed to larger Young’s modulus. However, contrast inversion was observed for Asp/A0<0.7, suggesting that at moderate and hard tapping the image contrast was dominated by the probe–sample contact area. Surprisingly, force modulation amplitude images showed larger stiffness for the liquid-like surfactin domains, suggesting that the contrast was dominated by contact area effects rather than by Young’s modulus. These data emphasize the complex nature of the contrast mechanisms of dynamic AFM images recorded on mixed lipid monolayers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSugar esters: ways of synthesis and potential applications.
Piccicuto, S.; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Brohee, J. C. et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2001), 5(4), 209-219

Sugar esters are nonionic surfactants and exhibit relevant properties such as structural diversity and environmental and health safety. Their potential applications extend from human food to drug ... [more ▼]

Sugar esters are nonionic surfactants and exhibit relevant properties such as structural diversity and environmental and health safety. Their potential applications extend from human food to drug formulations and biochemical studies. Some sugar esters also exhibit interesting biological activities. Many papers on the subject have been submitted during the last 10 years. Those articles describe the various ways of synthesis of those compounds at the laboratory scale. During the last 10 years, the most studied method was the biotechnological one using catalysis by enzymes. Available knowledge on these molecules is reviewed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of nonlocal electrodynamics on the anisotropic vortex pinning in YNi2B2C
Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Thompson, J. R.; Civale, L. et al

in Physical Review. B : Condensed Matter (2001), 64(1),

We have studied the pinning force density F-p of YNi2B2C superconductors for various field orientations. We observe anisotropies both between the c axis and the basal plane and within the plane that ... [more ▼]

We have studied the pinning force density F-p of YNi2B2C superconductors for various field orientations. We observe anisotropies both between the c axis and the basal plane and within the plane that cannot be explained by the usual mass anisotropy. For magnetic field H parallel toc, the reorientation structural transition in the vortex lattice due to nonlocality, which occurs at a field H(1)similar to1 kOe, manifests itself as a kink in F-p(H). When H perpendicular toc, F-p is much larger and has a quite different H dependence, indicating that other pinning mechanisms are present. In this case the signature of nonlocal effects is the presence of a fourfold periodicity of F-p within the basal plane. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailExperimental and theoretical lifetimes in Yb III
Zhang, Z. G.; Li, Z. S.; Svanberg, S. et al

in European Physical Journal D -- Atoms, Molecules, Clusters & Optical Physics (2001), 15

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailQuoi de neuf en littératie ? : Regard sur trente ans d'évaluation de la lecture
Lafontaine, Dominique ULg

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2001), (7-8), 71-95

Detailed reference viewed: 93 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe ATP-gated P2X1 ion channel acts as a positive regulator of platelet responses to collagen.
Oury, Cécile ULg; Toth-Zsamboki, Emese; Thijs, Chantal et al

in Thrombosis and Haemostasis (2001)

This study shows that, during collagen-initiated platelet activation, the early secretion of ATP results in the activation of the P2X1 ion channel, which plays a role as a positive regulator of further ... [more ▼]

This study shows that, during collagen-initiated platelet activation, the early secretion of ATP results in the activation of the P2X1 ion channel, which plays a role as a positive regulator of further platelet responses. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe acquired brain injuries in the term and preterm babies: an update on their pathophysiology
Battisti, Oreste ULg; Adant-François, A.; Scalais, E. et al

in Journal du Pédiatre Belge (2001), 3

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes réserves d’interprétation dans la jurisprudence de la Cour d’arbitrage : une alternative à l’annulation
Rosoux, Géraldine ULg

in Revue Belge de Droit Constitutionnel (2001)

The article gives an overview upon constitutional decisions rejecting "under condition" actions for anulment.

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCharacterization of TRIP-assisted multiphase steel surface topography by atomic force microscopy
Ros-Yanez, Tanya; Houbaert, Yvan; Mertens, Anne ULg

in Materials Characterization (2001), 47

Transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP)-assisted multiphase steels have a complicated microstructure consisting of different phases, mainly ferrite, retained austenite, bainite and martensite. Atomic ... [more ▼]

Transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP)-assisted multiphase steels have a complicated microstructure consisting of different phases, mainly ferrite, retained austenite, bainite and martensite. Atomic force microscopy has been used for the phase identification and characterization of the phases in this kind of steel. A series of tests has been made on a C-Mn-Si and a C-Mn-Al TRIP-assisted steel after two different heat treatments: intercritical annealing followed by quench, and intercritical annealing followed by aging. After the aging process, the C-Mn-Al alloy was tempered in order to make metallographic observation easier, except the samples for mechanical testing, XRD or Mössbauer spectroscopy. It has been possible to identify the different phases and their topographic characteristics and to study their morphology using atomic force microscopy. The fine and complex microstructures of TRIP-assisted multiphase steels require improvements of the existing observation techniques, like electron backscattered diffraction and atomic force microscopy. Results of these techniques are presented. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa Position de la littérature congolaise dans l’ensemble des littératures africaines : une approche du cheminement de la pensée congolaise
Vanhaegendoren, Koen ULg

in Revue luxembourgeoise de littérature générale et comparée (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGeometrical considerations for evaluation of reserve design.
Bogaert, Jan ULg; Salvador-Van Eysenrode, D; Van Hecke, P et al

in Web Ecology (2001), (2), 65-70

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Homolytic And Heterolytic Fatty Acid Hydroperoxide Lyase-Like Activities Of Hematin
Delcarte, J.; Jacques, Philippe ULg; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg et al

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (2001), 286(1),

Pentenols and pentene dimers are biosynthetized in plants by homolytic fatty acid hydroperoxide lyase (HPL) or HPL-like enzymes. It has been found that these compounds can modify the flavor of olive oil ... [more ▼]

Pentenols and pentene dimers are biosynthetized in plants by homolytic fatty acid hydroperoxide lyase (HPL) or HPL-like enzymes. It has been found that these compounds can modify the flavor of olive oil. Reactions between hematin and 13-hydroperoxyoctadecatrienoic acid resulted in the formation of the same compounds via a free radical reaction in which an alkoxyl radical derived from linolenic acid hydroperoxide undergoes a β-scission. (Z)-3-Hexenal has also been detected as a minor product of the reaction. It is bioconversed from the same substrate in plants by heterolytic HPL. Thanks to the redox cycle of its central iron, hematin has both homolytic and heterolytic HPL-like activities. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTranslocation Of The pAntp Peptide And Its Amphipathic Analogue Ap-2al
Drin, G.; Demene, H.; Temsamani, J. et al

in Biochemistry (2001), 40(6), 1824-34

The pAntp peptide, corresponding to the third helix of the homeodomain of the Antennapedia protein, enters by a receptor-independent process into eukaryotic cells. The interaction between the pAntp ... [more ▼]

The pAntp peptide, corresponding to the third helix of the homeodomain of the Antennapedia protein, enters by a receptor-independent process into eukaryotic cells. The interaction between the pAntp peptide and the phospholipid matrix of the plasma membrane seems to be the first step involved in the translocation mechanism. However, the mechanism by which the peptide translocates through the cell membrane is still not well established. We have investigated the translocation ability of pAntp through a protein-free phospholipid membrane in comparison with a more amphipathic analogue. We show by fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroism, NMR spectroscopy, and molecular modeling that pAntp is not sufficiently helically amphipathic to cross a phospholipid membrane of a model system. Due to its primary sequence related to its DNA binding ability in the Antennapedia homeodomain-DNA complex, the pAntp peptide does not belong to the amphipathic alpha-helical peptide family whose members are able to translocate by pore formation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes insectes aquatiques du ru de Targnon (Commune de Theux)
Dethier, Michel; Dopagne, Claude ULg

in Natura Mosana (2001), 54(4), 67-76

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (9 ULg)
See detailLa dopamine dans les troubles de l'humeur
PITCHOT, William ULg

in Neurone (2001), 6(8), 255-258

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)
See detailLe Romuleon en françois, traduction de Sébastien Mamerot.
Moreno, Paola ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIn vitro effects of aceclofenac and its metabolites on the production by chondrocytes of inflammatory mediators.
Henrotin, Yves ULg; de Leval, X.; Mathy, Marianne ULg et al

in Inflammation Research (2001), 50(8), 391-9

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the mechanisms of action underlying the anti-inflammatory action of aceclofenac in vivo, we studied in vitro the effect of aceclofenac and its main metabolite, 4 ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the mechanisms of action underlying the anti-inflammatory action of aceclofenac in vivo, we studied in vitro the effect of aceclofenac and its main metabolite, 4'-hydroxyaceclofenac, in comparison with diclofenac, another metabolite, on cyclooxygenases activity as well as interleukin-1beta, -6 and -8, nitric oxide, and prostaglandin E2 production by human osteoarthritic and normal articular chondrocytes. METHODS: Enzymatically isolated human chondrocytes were cultured for 72 h in the absence or presence of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) or lipopolysacharride (LPS) and with or without increased amounts (1 to 30 microM) of aceclofenac or metabolites. The production of different cytokines was measured by Enzyme Amplified Sensitivity Immunoassays (EASIA). Prostaglandin E2 was quantified by a specific radioimmunoassay. Nitrite and nitrate concentrations in the culture supernatants were determined by spectrophotometric method based upon the Griess reaction. Cyclooxygenase-2, inducible NO synthase and IL-1beta gene expression were quantified by reverse transcription of mRNA followed by real time and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Finally, cyclooxygenase inhibitory potency of the drugs was also tested in both a cell-free system using purified ovine cyclooxygenase-1 and -2 (COX-1 and COX-2) and at a cellular level using human whole blood assay. RESULTS: We have demonstrated that aceclofenac, 4'-hydroxyaceclofenac and diclofenac significantly decreased interleukin-6 production at concentrations ranged among 1 to 30 microM and fully blocked prostaglandin E2 synthesis by IL-1beta- or LPS-stimulated human chondrocytes. Aceclofenac and diclofenac had no effect on interleukin-8 production while 4'-hydroxyaceclofenac slightly decreased this parameter at the highest dose (30 microM). Aceclofenac was without effect on IL-1beta- or LPS-stimulated nitric oxide production. At 30 microM, 4'-hydroxyaceclofenac inhibited both IL-1beta or LPS-stimulated nitric oxide production while diclofenac inhibited only the LPS-stimulated production. Finally, at 30 microM, the three drugs significantly decreased IL-1beta mRNA. In the whole blood test, aceclofenac and 4'-hydroxyaceclofenac weakly inhibited COX-1 with IC50 values superior to 100 microM, but decreased by 50% COX-2 activity at the concentration of 0.77 and 36 microM, respectively. Diclofenac strongly inhibited both COX-1 and COX-2 with IC50 values of 0.6 and 0.04 microM, respectively. On the other hand, aceclofenac and diclofenac weakly inhibited purified ovine cyclooxygenases with IC50 values superior to 100 microM, whereas 4'-hydroxyaceclofenac was without effect. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that aceclofenac actions are multifactorial and that metabolites could contribute to its anti-inflammatory actions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 101 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMercury porosimetry: applicability of the buckling-intrusion mechanism to low-density xerogels
Alié, Christelle ULg; Pirard, René ULg; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg

in Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids (2001), 292(1-3), 138-149

Mineral materials can be either crushed or invaded by mercury during mercury porosimetry experiments. It has been shown here that many low-density xerogels exhibit the two volume variation mechanisms ... [more ▼]

Mineral materials can be either crushed or invaded by mercury during mercury porosimetry experiments. It has been shown here that many low-density xerogels exhibit the two volume variation mechanisms successively, compaction followed by intrusion. when submitted to mercury porosimetry and that a unimodal pore size distribution can be obtained by applying Pirard's collapse model below the pressure of transition P-1 and Washburn's intrusion theory above P-t. To confirm the validity of the use of the buckling law, one low-density xerogel was wrapped in a tight membrane (intrusion is prevented and the sample is crushed during the whole porosimetry experiment). The analysis of the mercury porosimetry data of the wrapped sample by the buckling law leads to a continuous unimodal distribution similar to the distribution of the unwrapped sample obtained by applying the buckling law below P-t and the intrusion law above P-t. The position of P-t is characteristic of the tested material: when submitted to mercury pressure. aerogels and low-density xerogels only collapse in case of very small aggregates whereas they are crushed and then intruded in case of larger silica aggregates. The fact that compacted slabs of monodisperse non-aggregated silica spheres (of the same size range as the xerogels and aerogels) show only intrusion during mercury porosimetry experiments implies that the particles need to be aggregated so that the compaction mechanism takes place. The position of the change of mechanism from crushing to intrusion is not directly related to the size of the elementary particles but is linked to the size of the aggregates of silica particles. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailL’administration publique et les technologies de l’information
Cornet, Annie ULg; Rondeaux, Giseline ULg

in Gestion : Revue Internationale de Gestion (2001), 26(1), 28-30

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCore-polarization effects and radiative lifetime measurements in Pr III
Biémont, Emile ULg; Garnir, Henri-Pierre ULg; Palmeri, P. et al

in Physical Review. A (2001), 64

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)