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See detailÉtude dendrométrique d’Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. ex Benth. en mélange sur vertisol au Bénin
Fonton, N. H.; Glele Kakai, R.; Rondeux, Jacques ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2002), 6(1), 29-37

Acacia auriculiformis is a fast growing species planted on vertisols in Benin. An inventory of 11 mixed stands of Acacia, which are 7 to 9 years old, has been realized to estimate growth parameters of the ... [more ▼]

Acacia auriculiformis is a fast growing species planted on vertisols in Benin. An inventory of 11 mixed stands of Acacia, which are 7 to 9 years old, has been realized to estimate growth parameters of the stands. The present study shows that, for the dendrometrical parameters, there is no difference between species associations at a 0.05 significance level. Nevertheless, the largest values of quadratic mean diameter of the stems foot are observed in the species associations including Leucaena leucocephala. Moreover, the branch volume decreases with the increasing of the number of stems per tree. The most appropriate volume function for Acacia auriculiformis is the one that takes into account the diameter of the stems foot and the total height. Otherwise, the species associations do not influence the profile of Acacia trees, which is constant within the associations. The predicted conversion and cutting coefficients show that the stacked wood volume represents about 144 % of the real stand volume. [less ▲]

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See detailErythropoiesis after nonmyeloablative stem-cell transplantation is not impaired by inadequate erythropoietin production as observed after conventional allogeneic transplantation.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Fillet, Georges ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg

in Transplantation (2002), 74(12), 1692-6

BACKGROUND: It is now well established that after conventional allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT), erythropoietic recovery is impaired because erythropoietin (Epo) production ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: It is now well established that after conventional allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT), erythropoietic recovery is impaired because erythropoietin (Epo) production remains inadequate for prolonged periods of time. However, erythropoietic reconstitution after nonmyeloablative SCT (NMSCT) has never been characterized. METHODS: Twelve patients received a nonmyeloablative conditioning regimen consisting of 2 Gy total body irradiation (TBI) alone (n=6), 2 Gy TBI and fludarabine (n=3), or cyclophosphamide and fludarabine (n=3), followed by transplantation of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells. Graft-versus-host-disease (GvHD) prophylaxis was carried out with mycophenolate mofetil (from day -1 to day 28) plus cyclosporine (from day -1 to day 120 or longer in case of chronic GvHD). Erythropoiesis was quantitated by soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) levels, and the adequacy of Epo production was evaluated by the observed-to-predicted Epo ratio (O/P Epo). RESULTS: Mean sTfR levels decreased following the conditioning regimen but remained well within the normal range throughout the posttransplant period. The O/P Epo ratio presented an initial surge quite similar to that observed after conventional conditioning. Thereafter, the O/P Epo ratio normalized rapidly, and Epo levels remained adequate during the whole observation period. CONCLUSION: Contrarily to what is observed after myeloablative transplant, Epo levels remained adequate after NMSCT, resulting in normal erythropoiesis. These results suggest that the administration of erythropoietin therapy (rHuEpo) could be less effective after NMSCT than after conventional allogeneic transplant. [less ▲]

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See detailDe la pluridisciplinarité à l'interdisciplinarité. Réflexions critiques sur la formation des enseignants en sciences sociales
Guillaume, Jean-François ULg; Barras, Dominique; Xhonneux, Michel ULg

in Puzzle (2002), 11

Réflexion sur le dispositif de formation des enseignants en sciences sociales, à l'Université de Liège, et sur les conditions requises pour une approche "interdisciplinaire".

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See detailNudging hair shedding by antidandruff shampoos. A comparison of 1% ketoconazole, 1% piroctone olamine and 1% zinc pyrithione formulations.
Franchimont, Claudine ULg; Goffin, Véronique ULg; Henry, Frédérique ULg et al

in International Journal of Cosmetic Science (2002), 24(5), 249-56

Hair shedding and hair thinning have been reported to be affected by dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis. The present study was conducted in 150 men presenting with telogen effluvium related to androgenic ... [more ▼]

Hair shedding and hair thinning have been reported to be affected by dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis. The present study was conducted in 150 men presenting with telogen effluvium related to androgenic alopecia associated with dandruff. They were randomly allocated to three groups receiving each one of the three shampoos in the market containing either 1% ketoconazole (KTZ), 1% piroctone olamine (PTO) or 1% zinc pyrithione (ZPT). Shampoos had to be used 2-3 times a week for 6 months. Hair shedding during shampoo was evaluated semiquantitatively. Hair density on the vertex was evaluated on photographs using a Dermaphot. Trichograms were used for determining the anagen hair percentage and the mean proximal hair shaft diameter using computerized image analysis. The sebum excretion rate (SER, mug cm(-2) h(-1)) was also measured using a Sebumeter((R)). The three treatments cleared pruritus and dandruff rapidly. At end point, hair density was unchanged, although hair shedding was decreased (KTZ: -17.3%, PTO: -16.5%, ZPT: -10.1%) and the anagen hair percentage was increased (KTZ: 4.9%, PTO: 7.9%, ZPT: 6.8%). The effect on the mean hair shaft diameter was contrasted between the three groups of volunteers (KTZ: 5.4%, PTO: 7.7%, ZPT: -2.2%). In conclusion, telogen effluvium was controlled by KTZ, PTO and ZPT shampoos at 1% concentration. In addition, KTZ and PTO increased the mean hair shaft thickness while discretely decreasing the sebum output at the skin surface. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes the P(2X1del) variant lacking 17 amino acids in its extracellular domain represent a relevant functional ion channel in platelets?
Oury, Cécile ULg; Toth-Zsamboki, Emese; Vermylen, Jos et al

in Blood (2002)

In this letter, we questionned the existence of a ADP responsive P2X1 protein variant in platelets.

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See detailL'iconographie du meurtre de saint Lambert de Liège
George, Philippe ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Royale Le Vieux-Liège (2002)

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See detailDes risques modernes à la société réflexive : pour une autre approche du (bio)terrorisme
Claisse, Frédéric ULg; Brunet, Sébastien ULg; Rogister, Yves

in Ethique Publique, Revue internationale d’éthique sociétale et gouvernementale (2002), 4(n°2), 115-136

Au départ de quelques normes de portée nationale et internationale dont l'examen souligne la difficulté de parvenir à une définition opératoire du terrorisme, cet article propose un cadrage alternatif du ... [more ▼]

Au départ de quelques normes de portée nationale et internationale dont l'examen souligne la difficulté de parvenir à une définition opératoire du terrorisme, cet article propose un cadrage alternatif du phénomène terroriste fondé sur le paradigme des "risques réflexifs". Sous cet éclairage, le risque terroriste agit comme un véritable révélateur du rapport à notre environnement politique, social et technique: il est l'occasion de mettre en évidence des rapports de force, des relations politiques de domination et de dépendance qui constituent le contexte structurel de conflits locaux, régionaux ou internationaux; mais aussi, plus indirectement, en venant nous rappeler la vulnérabilité de nos collectifs, de plus en plus basés sur le fonctionnement en réseaux, l'interdépendance et le développement de macro-systèmes techniques. Il plaide pour une meilleure prise en compte de la dimension proprement politique du terrorisme et, plus largement, pour un basculement global vers un modèle de société ouverte plus sensible à des facteurs de risque trouvant leur origine dans nos propres pratiques et notre rapport au monde. Comme fil conducteur, des exemples empruntés au bioterrorisme, en ce que le phénomène paraît emblématique de la réflexivité des risques modernes. [less ▲]

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See detailMR1905401,, Khan, A. R. and Elkamel, A., Mathematical model for heat transfer mechanism for particulate System, Appl. Math. Comput.
Rochus, Pierre ULg

in Applied Mathematics and Computation (2002), 129(2-3), 295--316

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See detailLes compétences à l'épreuve : l'évaluation en lecture
Lafontaine, Dominique ULg

in Enjeux : Revue de Formation Continuée et de Didactique du Français (2002), 55

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See detailRevue bibliographique: les methodes chimiques d'identification et de classification des champignons.
Verscheure, M.; Lognay, Georges ULg; Marlier, M.

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2002), 6(3), 131-142

For few years, advancements of molecular methods and analytical techniques enabled scientists to realise a classification of microorganisms based on biochemical characteristics. This classification ... [more ▼]

For few years, advancements of molecular methods and analytical techniques enabled scientists to realise a classification of microorganisms based on biochemical characteristics. This classification, called chemotaxonomy, includes molecular methods and chemical methods which provide additional data and lead to a better identification and/or classification. [less ▲]

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See detailUtilisation de la ropivacaine par voie peridurale pour l'analgesie postoperatoire.
Senard, Marc ULg; Joris, Jean ULg

in Annales Françaises d'Anesthésie et de Réanimation (2002), 21(9), 713-24

OBJECTIVES: To describe pharmacology and toxicology of ropivacaine. To assess the clinical efficacy of ropivacaine when used for postoperative epidural analgesia and to provide recommendations for ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To describe pharmacology and toxicology of ropivacaine. To assess the clinical efficacy of ropivacaine when used for postoperative epidural analgesia and to provide recommendations for clinical practice. DATA SOURCES: Search in the Medline data base of original articles in French and English published since 1995, using the following key words: ropivacaine, postoperative analgesia, epidural, caudal block. STUDY SELECTION: Prospective randomised studies in adults and children were selected. Letters to editors and editorials were excluded. DATA EXTRACTION: Articles have been analyzed: to determine the dose of ropivacaine required for postoperative epidural analgesia, to assess the benefits of combination of epidural ropivacaine and additives (opioids or other), to compare epidural ropivacaine and bupivacaine and to assess the use of ropivacaine via caudal route for paediatric postoperative analgesia. DATA SYNTHESIS: 20 mg h-1 of ropivacaine is required to provide effective analgesia. This dose produces a motor block in a significant number of patients. Combination with an opioid allows for a reduction in ropivacaine requirement and subsequently in the incidence of motor blockade. In adults, equipotency ratio of ropivacaine and bupivacaine varies between 1.5/1 and 1/1 depending upon the concentration used. At equipotent doses, early postoperative mobilisation is facilitated with ropivacaine. In case of paediatric caudal analgesia, this ratio is close to 1. CONCLUSIONS: Epidural ropivacaine combined with opioid provide good postoperative pain relief. Reduction in the incidence of motor blockade and safe toxicological profile make this local anaesthetic a suitable alternative of bupivacaine for postoperative epidural analgesia. [less ▲]

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See detailMétastase synoviale d'un cancer colique se présentant comme une arthrite du genou. Caractérisation par tomographie à émission de positons au 18FDG
Beckers, C.; Foidart, J.; Thiry, Albert ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(5), 467-474

A case of carcinomatous monoarthritis involving the left knee due to colonic adenocarcinoma is described. Large recurrent synovial effusion, that will be later hematic, lytic lesion of the bones and ... [more ▼]

A case of carcinomatous monoarthritis involving the left knee due to colonic adenocarcinoma is described. Large recurrent synovial effusion, that will be later hematic, lytic lesion of the bones and chondrolysis were noted. Knee positron emitting tomography scan using FDG (FDG-PET) revealed a diffuse increased uptake in soft tissues assumed to be synovium, the hypertrophy of which was identified by ultrasonography. Whole body PET scan showed extensive lymph node, visceral and bone metastases, suggesting that the increase in the synovium could also be of metastatic origin. The final diagnosis of synovial carcinomatosis secondary to the known colonic adenocarcinoma was confirmed by histological analysis of biopsies obtained by arthroscopy. A review of the literature is realised. To our knowledge, this is the first synovial metastasis studied by FDG-PET. [less ▲]

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See detailPurification and characterization of a microbial dehydrogenase - A vanillin : NAD(P)(+) oxidoreductase
Bare, G.; Swiatkowski, T.; Moukil, A. et al

in Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology (2002), 98-100(Spring), 415-428

Pseudomonas fluorescens (strain BTP9) was found to have at least two NAD(P)-dependent vanillin dehydrogenases: one is induced by vanillin, and the other is constitutive. The constitutive enzyme was ... [more ▼]

Pseudomonas fluorescens (strain BTP9) was found to have at least two NAD(P)-dependent vanillin dehydrogenases: one is induced by vanillin, and the other is constitutive. The constitutive enzyme was purified by ammonium sulfate fractionation, gel-filtration, and Q-Sepharose chromatography. The subunit Mr value was 55,000, determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The native M, value estimated by gel-filtration chromatography gave a value of 210,000. The enzyme made use of NAD(+) less effectively than NADP(+). Benzaldehyde, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, hexanal, and acetaldehyde were not oxidized at detectable rates in the presence of NAD(+) or NADP(+). The ultraviolet absorption spectrum indicated that there is no cofactor or prosthetic group bound. The vanillin oxidation reaction was essentially irreversible. The pH optimum was 9.5 and the pI of the enzyme was 4.9. Enzyme activity was not affected when assayed in the presence of salts, except FeCl2. The enzyme was inhibited by the thiol-blocking reagents 4-chloromercuribenzoate and N-ethylmaleimide. NAD(+) and NADP(+) protected the enzyme against such a type of inhibition along with vanillin to a lesser extent. The enzyme exhibited esterase activity with 4-nitrophenyl acetate as substrate and was activated by low concentrations of NAD(+) or NADP(+). We compared the properties of the enzyme with those of some well-characterized microbial benzaldehyde dehydrogenases. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimization of recombinant human erythropoietin therapy after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Sautois, Brieuc ULg; Baudoux, Etienne ULg et al

in Experimental hematology (2002), 30(6), 546-54

OBJECTIVE: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is associated with prolonged anemia caused by defective erythropoietin (Epo) production. We enrolled 34 recipients of an allogeneic ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is associated with prolonged anemia caused by defective erythropoietin (Epo) production. We enrolled 34 recipients of an allogeneic HSCT in three consecutive trials to determine the optimal utilization of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEpo) therapy in this setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the first trial (n = 7), rhEpo 1400 U/kg/week was given from day 1 until a hemoglobin (Hb) level of 10 g/dL was achieved, for a maximum of 60 days. In the second trial, rhEpo 500 U/kg/week was given to achieve Hb levels of 13 to 14 g/dL in 13 anemic patients with fatigue 56 to 1440 days after transplant. In the third trial, rhEpo was scheduled to start on day 35 in 14 patients at a dose of 500 U/kg/week with the aim of achieving Hb levels of 13 to 14 g/dL. RESULTS: In trial 1, erythroid recovery to 1% reticulocytes and red blood cell transfusion independence were faster, but the number of transfusions was not reduced compared to 10 controls. Responses were brisk in trial 2, with transfusion independence achieved after a median of 1 week in 12 of 13 patients, and 2-g Hb increments or Hb values of 11, 12, and 13 g/dL after 6, 7, 10, and 10 weeks, respectively. Transfusions were significantly reduced in the first month of rhEpo therapy. In trial 3, transfusion independence was obtained after a median of 1 week in 13 of 14 patients, and 2-g Hb increments or Hb values of 11, 12, and 13 g/dL after 3, 4, 6, and 8 weeks, respectively. Transfusions rates were considerably reduced compared to the previous month in the same patients or compared to controls undergoing peripheral blood or marrow transplant without rhEpo. CONCLUSIONS: Anemia after allogeneic HSCT is exquisitely sensitive to rhEpo. The benefit is minimal when it is given early post-transplant, as used in all trials to date. However, the rate of major response is greater than 90% when rhEpo is started after day 35. These data provide the basis on which to conduct a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of rhEpo therapy after allogeneic HSCT. [less ▲]

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See detailThe use of blood pepsinogen as a biomarker of the integrity of the porcine gastric mucosa : A review. Part 1: History, physiopathology of gastric mucosa and different forms of pepsinogens
Banga-Mboko, Henri; Godeau, Jean-Marie ULg; Drion, Pierre ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2002), 146(6), 339-346

Because the history is defined as the account of the passed events, this manuscript is an Update research on swine pepsinogens since their discovery by Theodor Schwann. Progress was particularly made in ... [more ▼]

Because the history is defined as the account of the passed events, this manuscript is an Update research on swine pepsinogens since their discovery by Theodor Schwann. Progress was particularly made in the localization within the gastric mucosa membrane of the specialized cells involved in the secretion of pepsinogens. These progresses also included identification, isolation purification and the classification of the zymogens. [less ▲]

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See detailStability of recombinant 2 S albumin allergens in vitro
Murtagh, Gareth; Dumoulin, Mireille ULg; Alcocer, Marcos et al

in Biochemical Society Transactions (2002), 30

Two well known 2 S albumins, Ber e 1 from brazil nut and sunflower 2 S albumin 8 (SFA-8), have been expressed in a eukaryotic system and purified. Analysis of recombinant versions of Ber e 1 and SFA-8 ... [more ▼]

Two well known 2 S albumins, Ber e 1 from brazil nut and sunflower 2 S albumin 8 (SFA-8), have been expressed in a eukaryotic system and purified. Analysis of recombinant versions of Ber e 1 and SFA-8 revealed them to be significantly more resistant to digestion by pepsin than BSA, and to be stable for up to 30 min in simulated gastric fluid. Unfolding monitored by CD indicated that both proteins were also very resistant to denaturation induced by heat and low pH. These results suggest that, although the ability of 2 S albumins to reach the circulatory system may be a prerequisite for the allergenicity of this group of proteins, stability is just one of a number of characteristics that provoke a selective immune response. [less ▲]

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See detailNonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg

in Journal of Hematotherapy & Stem Cell Research (2002), 11(2), 243-63

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the most effective treatment for selected hematological malignancies. Its curative potential is largely mediated by an immune-mediated ... [more ▼]

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the most effective treatment for selected hematological malignancies. Its curative potential is largely mediated by an immune-mediated destruction of malignant cells by donor lymphocytes termed graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect. However, because of its toxicity, conventional allogeneic HSCT is restricted to younger and fitter patients. These observations led several groups to set up new (less toxic) transplant protocols (nonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation or NMSCT) based on a two-step approach: first, the use of immunosuppressive (but nonmyeloablative) preparative regimens providing sufficient immunosuppression to achieve engraftment of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells and, in a second step, destruction of malignant cells by the GVL effect. Preliminary results showed that NMSCT were feasible with a relatively low transplant-related mortality (TRM), even in patients older than 65 years. In addition, strong antitumor responses were observed in several hematological malignancies as well as in some patients with renal cell carcinoma. After discussing the mechanisms and efficacy of the GVL effect as well as the rationale for NMSCT strategies, this article reviews the first results of ongoing clinical trials. Innovative modalities that may permit amplification of the GVL effect while minimizing the risk of GVHD are discussed. Because the benefits of NMSCT over alternative forms of treatment remain to be demonstrated, this strategy should be restricted to patients included in clinical trials. [less ▲]

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See detailComment etablir le bilan de fin de traitement des patients atteints de lymphomes non-hodgkiniens (LNH) de malignite intermediaire ou elevee?
Warland, V.; Jerusalem, Guy ULg; Hustinx, Roland ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(12), 779-84

Incomplete regression of a lymphomatous mass after chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy constitutes a major problem in the treatment of lymphoma. In patients with persisting tumor, it could be reasonable to ... [more ▼]

Incomplete regression of a lymphomatous mass after chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy constitutes a major problem in the treatment of lymphoma. In patients with persisting tumor, it could be reasonable to use salvage therapy and possibly hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at the time of minimal disease rather than at the time of clinically overt relapse. The authors reviewed the most appropriate imaging techniques for the assessment of response to treatment. The limitations of CT and MRI for predicting the nature of residual masses are well known. 67Ga scintigraphy has become a standard procedure for the posttreatment evaluation of patients with lymphoma, but it appears that 18F-FDG PET may be a more effective method. Personal experience in the field of PET scan is reported. Although PET should be considered the noninvasive imaging modality of choice, a histological confirmation of residual disease is always necessary before starting salvage therapy. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose is not a tumor specific radiotracer. [less ▲]

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See detailThe global carbon cycle and its changes over glacial-interglacial cycles - Preface
François, Louis ULg; Faure, H.; Probst, J. L.

in Global and Planetary Change (2002), 33(1-2), -

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See detailStunting may determine the severity of malaria-associated anemia in African children.
Verhoef, Hans; West, Clive E; Veenemans, Jacobien et al

in Pediatrics (2002), 110(4), 48

OBJECTIVE: Evidence from previous studies that malnourished children are protected against malaria is controversial. In individuals repeatedly exposed to malaria, immunity may develop first against severe ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: Evidence from previous studies that malnourished children are protected against malaria is controversial. In individuals repeatedly exposed to malaria, immunity may develop first against severe disease, then against pyrogens, and last, against parasites. If this is true, this would suggest that reduced immune function that may exist in stunted children exacerbates the severity of malarial signs and symptoms, rather than the occurrence of parasitemia. On the other hand, several studies have suggested that malnourished children are protected to some degree against malaria. Our aim was to evaluate whether observational data support the hypothesis that nutritional inadequacies that cause stunting modify the associations between malaria and hematologic indicators such as hemoglobin concentration and serum concentrations of C-reactive protein and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR). We showed earlier that increased serum concentrations of these receptors in asymptomatic malaria may be explained, at least in part, by increased erythropoiesis to compensate for malaria-induced hemolysis. METHODOLOGY: Community-based cluster survey among Kenyan children aged 2 to 36 months asymptomatic for malaria or anemia (n = 318). RESULTS: When adjusted for age and wasting, the malaria-associated decrease in mean hemoglobin concentration was 8.5 g/L and 15.8 g/L in nonstunted and stunted children, respectively. The malaria-associated increase in geometric mean serum concentrations of sTfR was 1.1-fold and 1.8-fold in nonstunted and stunted children, respectively. The malaria-associated increase in geometric mean serum concentrations of C-reactive protein was 1.4-fold and 2.3-fold in nonstunted and stunted children, respectively. Thus, children with malaria and those who were stunted suffered from more severe anemia and had higher serum concentrations of C-reactive protein and sTfR than would be expected from the combined effect of the 2 working independently. CONCLUSIONS: Our results are consistent with the notion that the nutritional inadequacies causing stunting also impair host immunity, thus increasing the degree to which malaria is associated with decreased concentrations of hemoglobin, with increased inflammation, and with increased iron demand in developing erythroblasts. Increased intake of micronutrients may not only reduce stunting and nutritional anemia, but also reduce malaria-associated anemia. [less ▲]

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See detailChanging pattern of bacterial susceptibility to antibiotics in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients.
Frere, Pascale ULg; Hermanne, J.-P.; Debouge, M.-H. et al

in Bone Marrow Transplantation (2002), 29(7), 589-94

Adequate infection prophylaxis and empirical antibiotic therapy are of critical importance after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We examined the evolution of bacterial susceptibility to ... [more ▼]

Adequate infection prophylaxis and empirical antibiotic therapy are of critical importance after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We examined the evolution of bacterial susceptibility to antibiotics in 492 patients (198 allografts and 294 autografts) transplanted between 1982 and 1999 and evaluated whether ciprofloxacin prophylaxis and an empirical antibiotic regimen (glycopeptide + third-generation cephalosporin) were still valid. We collected all susceptibility tests performed during the initial hospitalization on blood cultures as well as routine surveillance cultures and analyzed susceptibility to ciprofloxacin and to major antibiotics used in our unit. Gram-positive cocci rapidly became resistant to ciprofloxacin (susceptibility around 70% in 1990 to less than 20% in 1998) but sensitivity to glycopeptides remained unaltered. There was a rapid decline in the number of patients colonized with Gram-negative bacilli in the early years of ciprofloxacin prophylaxis. However, susceptibility to ciprofloxacin fell sharply from around 90% in 1990 to around 30% in 1999. In parallel, susceptibility to ceftazidime also decreased to less than 80% in recent years. Piperacillin (+/- tazobactam) did not show any variation over time and its efficacy remained too low (about 60%). Imipenem as well as recently introduced cefepim and meropenem showed stable and excellent profiles (>90% susceptibility). In conclusion: (1) quinolone prophylaxis has now lost most of its value; (2) the choice of a third-generation cephalosporin for empirical antibiotic therapy may no longer be the best because of the emergence of Gram-negative strains resistant to beta-lactamases, such as Enterobacter sp. More appropriate regimens of empirical antibiotic therapy in HSCT recipients may be based on the use of a carbapenem or fourth-generation cephalosporin. [less ▲]

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See detailFécondité de la vache Borgou au Bénin : effet de l'âge au premier vêlage sur l'intervalle entre vêlages
Adamou-N'Diaye, M.; Gbangboche, A. B.; Ogodja, O. J. et al

in Revue d'Elévage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux (2002), 55(2), 1-5

Des données recueillies à la ferme du monastère de Kokoubou (département du Borgou au Bénin) ont servi à étudier l’âge au premier vêlage et l’intervalle entre vêlages chez la vache Borgou. De 1967 à 1989 ... [more ▼]

Des données recueillies à la ferme du monastère de Kokoubou (département du Borgou au Bénin) ont servi à étudier l’âge au premier vêlage et l’intervalle entre vêlages chez la vache Borgou. De 1967 à 1989, 91 âges au premier vêlage et 524 intervalles entre vêlages ont été utilisés. L’âge moyen au premier vêlage a été de 1 122 ± 257 jours (37,4 ± 7,9 mois, soit 3 ans et 26 jours) et l’intervalle moyen entre vêlages a été de 450 ± 132 jours (14,8 ± 4,4 mois, soit un an et 2,8 mois). L’effet de l’âge au premier vêlage sur l’intervalle entre vêlages a été très significatif (p < 0,001) et faible (r = 0,22). [less ▲]

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See detailLes facteurs neurotrophiques : un mythe thérapeutique ?
Rogister, Bernard ULg

in Ahead in Neurology (2002), 5(1), 3-20

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See detailOn Sally Ledger and Roger Luckhurst’s The Fin de Siècle: A Reader in Cultural History c.1880-1900
Steyaert, Kris ULg

in Journal of Gender Studies (2002), 11(2), 192-193

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See detailCaractérisation mécanique et chimique des surfaces et interfaces polymères par microscopies de force atomique
Cuenot, Stéphane; Duwez, Anne-Sophie ULg; Martin, Philippe et al

in Chimie Nouvelle (2002), 20

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See detailLe beau et l’idée du beau: Les mots pour le dire
Winand, Jean ULg

in Beautés d’Égypte (2002)

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See detailBa distribution in surface Southern Ocean sediments and export production estimates
Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Dehairs, Frank; André, Luc ULg et al

in Paleoceanography (2002), 17(2, MAR-JUN),

[1] We present excess Ba (Baxs) data (i.e., total Ba corrected for lithogenic Ba) for surface sediments from a north-south transect between the Polar Front Zone and the northern Weddell Gyre in the ... [more ▼]

[1] We present excess Ba (Baxs) data (i.e., total Ba corrected for lithogenic Ba) for surface sediments from a north-south transect between the Polar Front Zone and the northern Weddell Gyre in the Atlantic sector and between the Polar Front Zone and the Antarctic continent in the Indian sector. Focus is on two different processes that affect excess Ba accumulation in the sediments: sediment redistribution and excess Ba dissolution. The effect of these processes needs to be corrected for in order to convert accumulation rate into vertical rain rate, the flux component that can be linked to export production. In the Southern Ocean a major process affecting Ba accumulation rate is sediment focusing, which is corrected for using excess Th-230. This correction, however, may not always be straightforward because of boundary scavenging effects. A further major process affecting excess Ba accumulation is barite dissolution during exposure at the sediment-water column interface. Export production estimates derived from excess Th-230 and barite dissolution corrected Baxs accumulation rates (i.e., excess Ba vertical rain rates) are of the same magnitude but generally larger than export production estimates based on water column proxies (Th-234-deficit in the upper water column; particulate excess Ba enrichment in the mesopelagic water column). We believe export production values based on excess Ba vertical rain rate might be overestimated due to inaccurate assessment of the Baxs preservation rate. Barite dissolution has, in general, been taken into account by relating it to exposure time before burial depending on the rate of sediment accumulation. However, the observed decrease of excess Ba content with increasing water column depth (or increasing hydrostatic pressure) illustrates the dependence of barite preservation on degree of saturation in the deep water column in accordance with available thermodynamic data. Therefore correction for barite dissolution would not be appropriate by considering only exposure time of the barite to some uniformly undersaturated deep water but requires also that regional differences in degree of undersatuation be taken into account. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferential taurine responsiveness to ethanol in high- and low-alcohol sensitive rats : a brain microdialysis study
Quertemont, Etienne ULg; Linotte, Sylvie; De Witte, Philippe

in European Journal of Pharmacology (2002), 444(3), 143-150

Several microdialysis studies have investigated the effects of acute ethanol on extracellular amino acids in various rat brain regions, However, these studies led to conflicting results, suggesting that ... [more ▼]

Several microdialysis studies have investigated the effects of acute ethanol on extracellular amino acids in various rat brain regions, However, these studies led to conflicting results, suggesting that individual differences between rat strains and lines may play an important role. In the present study, high-alcohol sensitive (HAS) and low-alcohol sensitive (LAS) rats were used to investigate the possible relationship between ethanol sensitivity and the concentrations of extracellular amino acids in the nucleus accumbens. Several groups of HAS and LAS rats were injected with either saline or ethanol (1.0, 2.0 or 3.0 g/kg, i.p.) and the concentrations of amino acids in the nucleus accumbens microdialysates were assayed by electrochemical detection. Acute ethanol induced a dose-dependent increase in extracellular taurine concentrations. However, this increase was significantly reduced at 2,0 and 3.0 g,,kg ethanol in HAS rats relative to LAS rats. Since the biological functions of taurine suggest its implication in the reduction of ethanol adverse effects, a higher increase in taurine concentrations may contribute to the lower ethanol sensitivity of LAS rats. Although 2.0 and 3.0 g/kg ethanol did not affect extracellular glutamate concentrations, a significant increase in glutamate was observed after 1.0 g/kg ethanol to HAS rats but not to LAS rats. Such an effect remains unexplained but suggests that discrepancies between the results of previous microdialysate studies may be related to differences in the ethanol sensitivities of various rat strains. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of lesions of nucleus taeniae on appetitive and consummatory aspects of male sexual behavior in Japanese quail
Absil, Philippe ULg; Braquenier, Jean-Baptiste ULg; Balthazart, Jacques ULg et al

in Brain, Behavior & Evolution (2002), 60(1), 13-35

Neurochemical, hodological and functional criteria suggest that the nucleus taeniae and parts of the adjacent archistriatum represent the avian homologue of parts of the mammalian amygdaloid complex. It ... [more ▼]

Neurochemical, hodological and functional criteria suggest that the nucleus taeniae and parts of the adjacent archistriatum represent the avian homologue of parts of the mammalian amygdaloid complex. It has been proposed in particular that the nucleus taeniae is the homologue of the mammalian medial amygdala. In male quail, relatively large lesions to the posterior/medial archistriatum selectively decrease the expression of appetitive sexual behavior in a manner reminiscent of similar manipulations involving the medial amygdala in mammals. We investigated the effects of discrete lesions restricted to nucleus taeniae and of lesions to an adjacent part of the archistriaturn (pars intermedium ventralis, Alv) on the expression of appetitive (ASB) and consummatory (CSB) aspects of male sexual behavior. ASB was measured by a learned social proximity response (after copulation a male quail stands in front of a window providing visual access to a female) and by the frequency of rhythmic cloacal sphincter movements. CSB was assessed by the frequency of mount attempts (MA) and cloacal contact movements (CCM). Lesions confined to nucleus taeniae and to Alv did not influence the acquisition or the maintenance of the two responses indicative of ASB. In contrast, lesions of nucleus taeniae significantly increased the occurrence frequencies of MA and CCM when administered before the beginning of behavior testing and increased the frequency of MA only when performed on sexually experienced subjects. No effect of Alv lesions could be detected. The discrepancy between these results and previous experiments in quail might reflect procedural differences, but more probably differences in locations of the lesions that were restricted in the current study to the anterior part of taeniae. Those in the Thompson study were in the posterior part of this nucleus. These findings indicate that there is a larger degree of functional heterogeneity in the nucleus taeniae than previously thought. The effects of taeniae lesions suggest that this nucleus, similar to the medial amygdala in mammals, might be implicated in the control of sexual satiety. Copyright (C) 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel. [less ▲]

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See detailNSAIDS : not just COX-2 inhibitors ?
Henrotin, Yves ULg

in Intern Clin Pract Series (2002), 19

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See detailOutpatient and home parenteral antibiotic therapy (OHPAT) in low-risk febrile neutropenia: consensus statement of a Belgian panel.
Beguin, Yves ULg; Benoit, Yves; Crokaert, F. et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2002), 57(6), 309-16

Febrile neutropenia requires adequate antibiotic treatment. A subgroup of patients are only at low risk for complications and could be treated at home/as outpatients (OHPAT) after a short initial ... [more ▼]

Febrile neutropenia requires adequate antibiotic treatment. A subgroup of patients are only at low risk for complications and could be treated at home/as outpatients (OHPAT) after a short initial admission for work up. This position paper by a Belgian panel of experts presents criteria defining low-risk in febrile neutropenia, gives an overview of the existing experience and examines the present obstacles to a more widespread use of OHPAT in this country. [less ▲]

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See detailEmbryo transfer as a method to eliminate pathogenic agents in a rabbit colony
Ectors, Fabien ULg; Delfosse, Henri; De Weder, L. et al

in Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift (2002), 71

To regain the SPF status of a contaminated but genetically valuable rabbit breeding unit, embryos from the contaminated does were transferred into SPF recipient females. Embryos were collected on day 3 of ... [more ▼]

To regain the SPF status of a contaminated but genetically valuable rabbit breeding unit, embryos from the contaminated does were transferred into SPF recipient females. Embryos were collected on day 3 of gestation by flushing uterine horns. All usable embryos were frozen, part of them were not transferred and kept in liquid nitrogen forming a stock of highly valuable genotypes. Thirty-two stimulated does produced 893 embryos, among which 821 (92%) had an intact zona pellucida and were cryopreserved. From this stock, 478 embryos were thawed, 466 were recovered (97.5%) and 417 were of good quality (87.2%). In 30 does, 10 to 18 embryos were surgically transferred per recipient doe and 24.9% (104/417) of them developed to term after transfer. This corresponds to an average number of 3.47 (104/30) live newborns per recipient. Health screenings performed on sanitized rabbits confirmed the disappearance of pathogenic agents. [less ▲]

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See detailThe role of the main silica precursor and the additive in the preparation, of low-density xerogels
Alié, Christelle ULg; Pirard, René ULg; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg

in Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids (2002), 311(3), 304-313

The incorporation of an additive during sol-gel synthesis reduces shinkage during ambient drying. The following additives have been studied: 3-,(2-aminoethylamino)propyltrimethoxysilane (EDAS), 3 ... [more ▼]

The incorporation of an additive during sol-gel synthesis reduces shinkage during ambient drying. The following additives have been studied: 3-,(2-aminoethylamino)propyltrimethoxysilane (EDAS), 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (AES) and 3-(2-aminoethylamino)propyltriethoxysilane (EDAES) and the main silica precursors were tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and tetrapropylorthosilicate (TPOS). When the additive contains methoxy groups (EDAS), it acts as a nucleation agent of the silica particles and exactly the same properties (pore volume, specific surface area, particle and aggregate size) are obtained whether the main reagent is TEOS or TPOS. The nucleation mechanism is based on the difference in reactivity between additive and main reagent. In case of nucleation by the additive, the nucleation agent fixes the properties whatever the main silica precursor is. When both the additive and the main reagent contain ethoxy groups (series AES-TEOS and EDAES-TEOS), there is no nucleation mechanism by the additive, and the silica particle size remains nearly constant. With less reactive main reagent (series AES-TPOS and EDAES-TPOS), pore volumes up to 17 cm(3)/g have been obtained with pore sizes up to nearly 10 pm and very big particles (similar to100 nm). The absence of nucleation by the additive for the couples AES-TPOS and EDAES-TPOS could be due to the fact that the difference in reactivity between ethoxy groups and propoxy groups is not sufficient to initiate the nucleation mechanism by the additive. In the absence of nucleation by the additive, the main reagent plays a role: highly porous materials with very large p. ores are prepared with TPOS. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailRésumé C.E. n°97.612, du 10 juillet 2001, SA ITM Belgium
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Aménagement - Environnement (2002), 1

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See detailLe traitement de la phraséologie dans DEFI
Michiels, Archibal ULg

in Linguistica Antverpiensia (2002)

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See detailN-(3-Phenoxy-4-pyridinio)methanesulfonamidate
Michaux, C.; Charlier, C.; Julémont, F. et al

in Acta Crystallographica (2002)

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See detailAn Immunologic investigation of canine eosinophilic bronchopneumopathy.
Clercx, Cécile ULg; Peeters, Dominique ULg; German, Alex et al

in Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2002), 16

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See detailLa loi du 17 avril 2002 instaurant la peine de travail comme peine autonome en matière correctionnelle et de police
Jacobs, Ann ULg; Dantinne, Michaël ULg

in Revue de Droit Pénal et de Criminologie (2002)

Présentation et analyse juridique et criminologique de la loi du 17 avril 2002 introduisant la peine de travail en droit belge.

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See detailA propos d'immersion linguistique dans l'enseignement fondamental : un état de la question
Blondin, Christiane ULg; Straeten, M.

in Point sur la Recherche en Education (Le) (2002), 25

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See detailAnalysis of a Permanent Magnet Generator With Dual Formulations Using Periodicity Conditions and Moving Band
Luz, M V Ferreira da; Dular, Patrick ULg; Sadowski, N. et al

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (2002), 38(2), 961--964

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See detailInternational forum. Use of umbilical cord blood progenitor cells as an alternative for bone marrow transplantation.
Engelfriet, C. P.; Reesink, H. W.; Wagner, J. E. et al

in Vox Sanguinis (2002), 83(2), 172-87

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See detailMutations des localisations des services et mutations urbaines. Questionnements et perspectives
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Revista de Geografia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (2002), 17(2), 41-56

The aim of this paper is to analyse the relationships between urban mutations and service locations. Work is developed in four times: facts, causes, consequences and prospects. Without doubt, the spatial ... [more ▼]

The aim of this paper is to analyse the relationships between urban mutations and service locations. Work is developed in four times: facts, causes, consequences and prospects. Without doubt, the spatial transfers of service activities can be considered as both, a cause and a consequence of urban sprawl. It is related to the release of mobility constraints, to the specific changes that affected many economic activities, and also to the new behaviours of many actors (customers/ visitors, property developers and public authorities). As this evolution is incompatible with the objectives of sustainable urban development, several action possibilities can be proposed: new management of the daily mobilities, reduction in space consumption and new governance. [less ▲]

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See detailAromatic Side-Chain Interactions In Proteins. II. Near- And Far-Sequence Phe-X Pairs
Thomas, Annick ULg; Meurisse, R.; Brasseur, Robert ULg

in Proteins-Structure Function and Genetics (2002), 48(4), 635-44

We have collected all aromatic pairs (3152) involving an N-phenyl partner in a dataset of 593 proteins of the PDB: 728 of these pairs involve a partner residue less than 6 apart in the sequence. These ... [more ▼]

We have collected all aromatic pairs (3152) involving an N-phenyl partner in a dataset of 593 proteins of the PDB: 728 of these pairs involve a partner residue less than 6 apart in the sequence. These near-sequence Phe-X pairs correspond to specific conformations that stabilize secondary structures, mainly alpha-helices when the residues are 1, 3, and 4 apart, and beta-strands when they are 2 apart in the sequence. These conformations are not spatially random and have been examined in detail. The remaining phenylalanine pairs (2424) are between partners more than 5 apart in the sequence. Of these far-sequence pairs, 34% of occurrences are in sheets. Next in frequencies are pairs that bridge a beta-strand to a helix (24%), followed by pairs that bridge a beta-strand to a random coiled structure (15%). Helix to helix pairs only constitute 12% of these far-sequence pairs. Analysis of the pairing frequency supports the hypothesis that aromatic interactions are late events of protein folding. [less ▲]

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See detailDétermination automatique de la taille du pas de temps pour les schémas implicites en dynamique non-linéaire
Noels, Ludovic ULg; Stainier, Laurent ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg et al

in Mécanique & Industries (2002), 3(1), 63-77

Pour les problèmes caractérisés par de fortes non-linéarités, ainsi que des phénomènes d'impacts et de contacts, une stratégie d'intégration à pas de temps variables est particulièrement intéressante. Ces ... [more ▼]

Pour les problèmes caractérisés par de fortes non-linéarités, ainsi que des phénomènes d'impacts et de contacts, une stratégie d'intégration à pas de temps variables est particulièrement intéressante. Ces phénomènes sont par exemple rencontrés lors de l'étude dynamique d'une interaction aube-carter d'un moteur d'avion, le cas le plus critique étant la perte de l'aube. Une stratégie d'intégration implicite à pas de temps constant donne rarement satisfaction du fait qu'il est pratiquement impossible de déterminer une durée de pas qui ne conduise pas à la divergence ou à un coût de calcul prohibitif. Une gestion automatique du pas de temps, qui tient compte de l'histoire récente des accélérations dans le corps considéré, est proposée. En fait, l'algorithme est basé sur la mesure de l'erreur d'intégration des équations d'équilibre. Cela permet d'intégrer correctement les phénomènes transitoires avec un pas de temps très long (en régime) ou très petit (lors de la perte d'aube), en garantissant une bonne précision en un temps de calcul raisonnable. De plus, un algorithme qui décide automatiquement de recalculer ou non, la matrice hessienne est proposé. Cet algorithme permet d'éviter un nombre important de remises à jour de cette matrice, ce qui permet de réduire le coût de calcul tout en assurant la convergence. Enfin, un critère de divergence des itérations est proposé. Afin d'illustrer l'efficacité des algorithmes développés, des simulations numériques sont présentées. Il s'agit aussi bien de problèmes académiques que de problèmes industriels (contacts aubes carter). [less ▲]

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See detailRenouvellement des pédagogies musicales. Analyse et développement des innovations dans les cours d'instruments semi-collectifs
Giot, Bernadette ULg; Grifnée, Catherine

in Site du Ministère de la Communauté française de Belgique (2002)

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See detailMurine 5T multiple myeloma cells induce angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo
Van Valckenborgh, E.; De Raeve, H.; Devy, L. et al

in British Journal of Cancer (2002), 86(5), 796-802

Multiple myeloma is a B cell malignancy. Recently, it has been demonstrated that bone marrow samples of patients with multiple myeloma display an enhanced angiogenesis. The mechanisms involved seem to be ... [more ▼]

Multiple myeloma is a B cell malignancy. Recently, it has been demonstrated that bone marrow samples of patients with multiple myeloma display an enhanced angiogenesis. The mechanisms involved seem to be multiple and complex. We here demonstrate that the murine 5T multiple myeloma models are able to induce angiogenesis in vitro by using a rat aortic ring assay and in vivo by determining the microvessel density. The rat aortic rings cultured in 5T multiple myeloma conditioned medium exhibit a higher number of longer and more branched microvessels than the rings cultured in control medium. In bone marrow samples from 5T multiple myeloma diseased mice, a statistically significant increase of the microvessel density was observed when compared to bone marrow samples from age-matched controls. The angiogenic phenotype of both 5T multiple myeloma cells could be related, at least in part, to their capacity to produce vascular endothelial growth factor. These data clearly demonstrate that the 5T multiple myeloma models are good models to study angiogenesis in multiple myeloma and will allow to unravel the mechanisms of neovascularisation, as well as to test new putative inhibitors of angiogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu de A. BRÄM, Das Andachtsbuch der Marie de Gavre
George, Philippe ULg

in Moyen Age (Le) (2002)

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See detailMolecular and pigment studies of the picophytoplankton in a region of the Southern Ocean (42-54 degrees S, 141-144 degrees E) in March 1998
Wilmotte, Annick ULg; Demonceau, Caroline; Goffart, Anne ULg et al

in Deep-Sea Research Part II, Topical Studies in Oceanography (2002), 49(16), 3351-3363

Seven filtered seawater samples (depths between 30 and 55 m) collected during the SAZ project of the Austral summer of 1997-1998 were used for a simultaneous study of the picophytoplankton pigments based ... [more ▼]

Seven filtered seawater samples (depths between 30 and 55 m) collected during the SAZ project of the Austral summer of 1997-1998 were used for a simultaneous study of the picophytoplankton pigments based on high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analyses and flow cytometry, and of the molecular diversity of the picophytoplankton based on their rDNA sequences. The sampling sites could be divided into three temperature zones, distinguished by their proximity to the Sub-Antarctic and Polar Fronts. HPLC analysis of total chlorophylls and carotenoids showed fairly low phytoplankton concentrations (77-262 ng chl al(-1)), with minimal values of the pigments in the two samples of the Polar Front Zone around 54degreesS (water temperature of 4degreesC at time of collection). In this zone, a similar decrease of particles, identified as cyanobacteria on the basis of their fluorescence, was observed by flow cytometry. Sequences very similar to the 16S rDNA sequence of Synechococcus WH8103 were present in all samples. This Synechococcus genotype is thus found in the Southern Ocean in addition to the Atlantic and Pacific locations where it has been previously observed. The yield of PCR products was lower in the two samples taken in the Polar Front Zone, showing a good agreement between molecular and pigment data. 16S rDNA sequences of plastids of eukaryotic algae also were retrieved, mostly related to those of an environmental clone called OM164, which has not been cultivated but has phylogenetic affinities to the Raphidophyceae. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDetection Of Apple Chlorotic Leaf Spot Virus Using A 5 ' Nuclease Assay With A Fluorescent 3 ' Minor Groove Binder-Dna Probe
Vendrame, Marina; Kummert, Jean; Lepoivre, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Virological Methods (2002), 104(1), 99-106

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See detailRecent developments in infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Lemaire, Mylène; Keuser, Véronique et al

in Cattle Practice (2002), 10

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See detailAre all glitazones the same?
Van Gaal, Luc; Scheen, André ULg

in Diabetes/Metabolism Research & Reviews (2002), 18 Suppl 2

This supplement focuses on the benefits of targeting insulin resistance through therapy with a new class of oral antidiabetic agents, the thiazolidinediones (TZDs) or 'glitazones'. There are important ... [more ▼]

This supplement focuses on the benefits of targeting insulin resistance through therapy with a new class of oral antidiabetic agents, the thiazolidinediones (TZDs) or 'glitazones'. There are important differences between the three TZD class members that warrant discussion to enable physicians to make rational and informed therapeutic choices between the agents. Overall the TZDs appear to be similar in their effects on blood glucose, as all class members have demonstrated effective glycaemic control, both as monotherapy and in combination with sulphonylureas, metformin or exogenous insulin. The safety profiles of the three agents are more diverse, with what appear to be 'TZD class effects', (probably mediated via activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma [PPAR gamma]) and 'TZD-specific effects', which are unique to each agent and may be a consequence of differing chemical structures. While rosiglitazone and pioglitazone share some class effects with troglitazone, they have several characteristics that define them as unique agents. By tackling the control of type 2 diabetes through direct effects on insulin resistance, the TZDs represent an important new therapeutic tool for healthcare professionals. [less ▲]

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See detailFast F-18 FDG synthesis by alkaline hydrolysis on a low polarity solid phase supports
Lemaire, Christian ULg; Damhaut, P.; Lauricella, Benjamino ULg et al

in Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals (2002), 45(5), 435-447

The synthesis of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose ([18F]FDG) has been simplified by the use of a tC18 Sep Pak cartridge to effect purification and hydrolysis of the tetraacetylated [18F]fluoro-glucose ... [more ▼]

The synthesis of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose ([18F]FDG) has been simplified by the use of a tC18 Sep Pak cartridge to effect purification and hydrolysis of the tetraacetylated [18F]fluoro-glucose compound ([18F]TAG). After radiolabelling, this derivative was trapped on a solid phase extraction (SPE) cartridge and the residual reaction solvent (CH3CN), reagents (K222, K2CO3,) and by-products removed by washing the support with water. After this cleaning step, the acetyl groups were cleaved on the same tC18 column using 2N sodium hydroxide. This fast reaction proceeded near quantitatively (>98%) at room temperature in less than 2 min. The [18F]FDG was then recovered with a small amount of water, neutralized with a slight excess of 2N hydrochloric acid, buffered for pH with a citrate solution and finally purified on a neutral alumina oxide and a second tC18 column. After filtration, the radiochemical yield of this [18F]FDG isotonic solution after more than 100 production runs was found to be very reliable and reproducible (70±6% decay corrected). The synthesis time was about 22 min. Quality controls showed that the radiochemical purity was higher than 98% and in any case no [18F]FDM was detected. Only traces of 2-chloro-2-deoxy-glucose (ClDG) were found in the final sample (64±9 g/ batch of 16 ml). [18F]FDG specific activity averaged between 1 and 20 Ci/µmol (EOS). No evaporation and use of ion retardation resin (AG11A8) are required. Moreover, this new approach is suitable for complete remote operation using available single use medical components. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley [less ▲]

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See detailLe dépassement du délai raisonnable en matière d'infraction à la législation sur les douanes et accises
Monville, Pierre ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2002)

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See detailOn-line fruit grading according to their external quality using machine vision
Leemans, Vincent ULg; Magein, Hugo ULg; Destain, Marie-France ULg

in Biosystems Engineering (2002), 83(4), 397-404

This paper presents apple grading into four classes according to European standards. Two varieties were tested: Golden Delicious and Jonagold. The image database included more than a 1000 images of fruits ... [more ▼]

This paper presents apple grading into four classes according to European standards. Two varieties were tested: Golden Delicious and Jonagold. The image database included more than a 1000 images of fruits (528 Golden Delicious, 642 Jonagold) belonging to the three acceptable categories-Extra, I and II-and the reject (each class represents, respectively, about 60, 10 and 20% of the sample size). The image grading was achieved in six steps: image acquisition; ground colour classification; defect segmentation; calyx and stem recognition; defects characterisation and finally the fruit classification into quality classes. The proposed method for apple external quality grading showed correct classification rates of 78 and 72%, for Golden Delicious and Jonagold apples, respectively. Taking into account that the healthy fruit were far better graded and considering that this class was under represented in the sample compared with the fruit population, the results of the proposed method (an error rate which drops to 5 and 10%, respectively) are compatible with the requirements of European standards. (C) 2002 Silsoe Research Institute. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased Cell Proliferation, But Not Reduced Cell Death, Induces Lymphocytosis In Bovine Leukemia Virus-Infected Sheep
Debacq, C.; Asquith, B.; Kerkhofs, P. et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2002), 99(15),

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See detailLes lectures obligatoires en 5e année de l'enseignement secondaire de transition en Communauté française de Belgique
Lafontaine, Dominique ULg

in Enjeux : Revue de Formation Continuée et de Didactique du Français (2002), 55

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See detailExplorer les secrets du patrimoine cheveux.
Franchimont, Claudine ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Skin (2002), 5

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See detailPestiviroses des petits ruminants. La maladie des frontières chez les ovins
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Buonavoglia, C.

in Point Vétérinaire (2002), 33

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See detailLe contrat de travail et la signature électronique
Kefer, Fabienne ULg; Barth, H.

in Orientations : la Revue du Droit Social et de la Gestion du Personnel (2002)

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See detailBiometrological assessment of skin protectors against moderate cold threat.
Claes, Geert; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Exogenous Dermatology : Physical, Chemical, Biological (2002), 1

Background : Cold injuries represent a serious problem in winter sport practice and other outdoor activities. Some protection is expected to be achieved by specific topical preparations aiming at ... [more ▼]

Background : Cold injuries represent a serious problem in winter sport practice and other outdoor activities. Some protection is expected to be achieved by specific topical preparations aiming at decreasing heat loss by water evaporation from the skin. Objective : To compare the efficacy of 6 topical formulations enriched or not in rubefacients. The role of the vehicle was also assessed. Methods : A total of 30 trained cyclists tested the products on their forearms. The skin temperature and electrometric values were recorded at baseline following applications of the test products, and after 30 min-bicycle riding in moderately cold and humid outdoor conditions. Results : At baseline, skin temperature was increased by rubefacients dispersed a lipogel and o/w emulsion. This parameter decreased at all test sites after riding, but the values remained higher at the rubefacient-treated sites compared to the control untreated site. The oil and lipogel formulations achieved partial occlusion decreasing the transepidermal water loss. This effect was maintained after exercise without, however, hindering sweating. Conclusion : Among the presently tested formulations, the rubefacient-enriched lipogels appeared to be the most efficient formulations for maintaining skin temperature in the normal range during sport practice in a moderately cold environment. [less ▲]

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See detailSkin manifestations of Bartonella infections.
Chian, Cesar A; Arrese Estrada, Jorge ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in International Journal of Dermatology (2002), 41(8), 461-6

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See detailQuelques résultats d'une épreuve externe en éveil : initiation scientifique soumise aux élèves de cinquième année primaire en octobre 2001
Demonty, Isabelle ULg; Fagnant, Annick ULg; Straeten, Marie-Hélène

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2002), 9-10

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See detailKeratinocyte injury in drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis: Simultaneous but distinct topographic expression of CD95R and calprotectin.
Paquet, Philippe ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in International Journal of Molecular Medicine (2002), 10(2), 145-7

Keratinocyte injury in drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is attributed to a dysregulation in the complex apoptotic machinery. This study was performed to investigate some aspects of the ... [more ▼]

Keratinocyte injury in drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is attributed to a dysregulation in the complex apoptotic machinery. This study was performed to investigate some aspects of the apoptotic pathomechanism involving calprotectin and the CD95 receptor (CD95R, FasR) in TEN. The expression of these two molecules corresponds to calcium-dependent and calcium-independent processes, respectively. Biopsies were collected from blistering skin in 21 TEN patients and from clinically uninvolved skin in 16 of these patients. Immunohistochemistry was performed using specific antibodies directed to CD95R and calprotectin. Half (8/16) of the biopsy specimens taken from clinically uninvolved sites showed the expression of calprotectin throughout the epidermis or restricted to the suprabasal layers. In these samples, a strong CD95R immunoreactivity was often restricted to the basal layer (8/16). Calprotectin was present in all biopsies of bullous skin, especially in suprabasal layers (15/21) or throughout the epidermis (6/21). By contrast, the prominent expression of CD95R was confined almost exclusively to the basal layer (15/21), and more rarely throughout the epidermis (2/21), and it remained sometimes unexpressed (4/21). A clear-cut boundary was often present between the areas labeled by the two antibodies with exceptional overlap between them. The simultaneous expression of calprotectin and CD95R in TEN at distinct levels of the epidermis indicates that the pathomechanism leading to keratinocyte death does not belong to a single process in TEN. Their expression in clinically uninvolved skin suggests that these processes are early and widespread events in TEN. [less ▲]

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See detailLa loi du 22 août 2002 relative aux droits du patient
Leleu, Yves-Henri ULg

in Journal des Tribunaux (2002)

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See detailEvidence of an equilibrium between selenides and osmium(VIII) reagents and selenoxides and osmium(VI) reagents
Krief, A.; Destree, A.; Durisotti, V. et al

in Chemical Communications (2002), (6), 558-559

Driving the equilibrium between selenides and osmium( VIII) reagents with selenoxides and osmium( VI) by a subsequent reaction (rearrangement of allyl selenoxides to allyl alcohols or addition of osmium ... [more ▼]

Driving the equilibrium between selenides and osmium( VIII) reagents with selenoxides and osmium( VI) by a subsequent reaction (rearrangement of allyl selenoxides to allyl alcohols or addition of osmium( VIII) species on C C double bonds) to one side, allows the transformation of methyl geranyl selenides to linalool and of methyl citronellyl selenoxide to 6,7-dihydroxy citronellyl selenide. [less ▲]

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See detailAsymmetrical international attitudes
Van Oudenhoven, J.; Askevis-Leherpeux, F.; Hannover, B. et al

in European Journal of Social Psychology (2002), 32(2), 275-289

In general, attitudes towards nations have a fair amount of reciprocity: nations either like each other are relatively indifferent to each other or dislike each other Sometimes, however international ... [more ▼]

In general, attitudes towards nations have a fair amount of reciprocity: nations either like each other are relatively indifferent to each other or dislike each other Sometimes, however international attitudes are asymmetrical. In this study, we use social identity theory in order to explain asymmetrical attitudes. Parting from social identity theory, asymmetrical attitudes can be predicted to occur most likely between countries that are linguistically either similar or closely related, but differ in size. Europe, more than any other continent, offers a rich variety of nations which represent natural conditions for our study, such as size and degree of linguistic similarity. In order to test hypotheses derived from social identity theory, we asked respondents (N = 405) from (Dutch- and French-speaking) Belgium, France, Germany, and The Netherlands to fill out a questionnaire on three large nations (Germany, Great Britain, France) and three smaller ones (The Netherlands, Belgium, and Denmark). Results strongly supported hypotheses and confirm that a social identity approach may help to better understand international attitudes. [less ▲]

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See detailChanges in motor unit numbers in patients with ALS: a longitudinal study using the adapted multiple point stimulation method.
Wang, François-Charles ULg; Bouquiaux, Olivier ULg; De Pasqua, Victor ULg et al

in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis & Other Motor Neuron Disorders (2002), 3(1), 31-8

METHOD: The adapted multiple point stimulation (AMPS) method for calculating motor unit numbers (MUNE) was applied in 12 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) before riluzole therapy (T(0 ... [more ▼]

METHOD: The adapted multiple point stimulation (AMPS) method for calculating motor unit numbers (MUNE) was applied in 12 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) before riluzole therapy (T(0)) and again after 4, 8 and 12 months of treatment. RESULTS: Paired Student's t-test indicated a significant decrease of thenar MUNE and compound muscle action potential (CMAP) size at each 4-monthly interval, while average surface motor unit potential (SMUP) size did not change significantly over time. The rate of motor unit (MU) loss at month 4 was more than 20% in six patients (group 1) and less than 20% in six other patients (group 2). Comparison of groups 1 and 2 by Mann-Whitney U-testing indicated that percent changes in thenar MUNE and CMAP size compared to baseline were significantly different at months 4, 8 and 12, while no difference between the two groups was found for average SMUP size variations. In the group with a slow rate of MU loss, CMAP size remained stable, while in the group with a rapid rate of MU loss, there was a dramatic reduction in size of the CMAP. A positive correlation was found between percent change in thenar MUNE at T(4) and at T(12) (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: AMPS is a useful technique to document MUNE, SMUP size and CMAP size changes over time in patients with ALS. [less ▲]

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See detailNonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation with CD8-depleted or CD34-selected peripheral blood stem cells.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Baudoux, Etienne ULg; Frere, Pascale ULg et al

in Journal of Hematotherapy & Stem Cell Research (2002), 11(2), 301-14

To decrease the incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) observed after nonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation (NMSCT), we studied the feasibility of CD8-depleted or CD34-selected NMSCT followed ... [more ▼]

To decrease the incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) observed after nonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation (NMSCT), we studied the feasibility of CD8-depleted or CD34-selected NMSCT followed by CD8-depleted preemptive donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) given in incremental doses on days 40 and 80. Fourteen patients with high-risk malignancies and an HLA-identical sibling (n = 8) or alternative donor (n = 6) but ineligible for a conventional transplant were included. Nonmyeloablative conditioning regimen consisted in 2 Gy total body irradiation (TBI) alone, 2 Gy TBI and fludarabine (previously untreated patients) or cyclophosphamide and fludarabine (patients who had previously received > or =12 Gy TBI). Patients 1-4 (controls) received unmanipulated peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) and DLI and patients 5-14 CD8-depleted or CD34-selected PBSC followed by CD8-depleted DLI. Post-transplant immunosuppression was carried out with cyclosporine A (CsA) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Initial engraftment was seen in all patients, but 1 patient (7%) later rejected her graft. The actuarial 180-day incidence of grades II-IV acute GVHD was 75% for patients 1-4 versus 0% for patients 5-14 (p = 0.0019). Five of 14 patients were in complete remission (CR) 180 days after the transplant and 6/14 had partial responses. The 1-year survival rate was 69%, and nonrelapse and relapse mortality rates were 16 and 18%, respectively. We conclude that CD8-depleted or CD34-selected NMSCT followed by CD8-depleted DLI is feasible and considerably decreases the incidence of acute GVHD while preserving engraftment and apparently also the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect. Further studies are needed to confirm this encouraging preliminary report. [less ▲]

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See detailRetrospective comparison of CD34-selected allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation followed by CD8-depleted donor lymphocyte infusions with unmanipulated bone marrow transplantation.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Baudoux, Etienne ULg; Fillet, Georges ULg et al

in Hematology (2002), 7(3), 137-43

We have previously reported the feasibility of allogeneic CD34-selected PBSC transplantation followed by pre-emptive CD8-depleted DLI (study group). In this report, we retrospectively compare the clinical ... [more ▼]

We have previously reported the feasibility of allogeneic CD34-selected PBSC transplantation followed by pre-emptive CD8-depleted DLI (study group). In this report, we retrospectively compare the clinical outcome of the 24 patients included in this study with an historical group of 35 patients receiving unmanipulated marrow (BMT group). Patients in the study group had significantly faster neutrophil and platelet recovery and were discharged earlier than BMT patients. The actuarial 150-day (after DLI) probability of developing grade II-IV acute GVHD was 28% for the study group versus 62% for the BMT group (p=0.002). The actuarial 2-year probability of developing chronic GVHD was similar (37 versus 36% (NS)) but chronic GVHD was significantly delayed in the study group (p=0.003). The actuarial 2-year probability of relapse was 30% in the study group versus 33% in the BMT group (NS). The actuarial 2-year probability of survival was 45% in the study group versus 43% in the BMT group (NS). We conclude that allogeneic transplantation of CD34-selected PBSC followed by pre-emptive CD8-depleted DLI is feasible with rapid engraftment and minimizes the risk of severe GVHD. Large prospective trials are required to confirm these results. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased fecundity of malathion-specific resistant beetles in absence of insecticide pressure
Arnaud, Ludovic; Brostaux, Yves ULg; Assie, Lazare Komenan et al

in Heredity (2002), 89(6), 425-429

Despite that resistance frequency is assumed to decline when selective pressure is relaxed, the stability of resistance frequency has been observed in some insects in the absence of insecticide. In the ... [more ▼]

Despite that resistance frequency is assumed to decline when selective pressure is relaxed, the stability of resistance frequency has been observed in some insects in the absence of insecticide. In the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, the first case of malathion-resistance was reported in the early 1960s. The malathion-specific resistant phenotype has now almost completely replaced the susceptible one in red flour beetle populations. In the present study, several life-history traits that could influence the fitness of the insects were compared between insecticide-susceptible and malathion-specific resistant populations of the red flour beetle. On average, egg fertility and egg-to-adult development time did not differ between susceptible and resistant populations. However, the fecundity of resistant females was greater than that of susceptible ones. Generally, differences in development time between insecticide resistant and susceptible populations are considered as having more effect on fitness than do differences in fecundity. However, the observed increased female fecundity may participate, in combination with the previously observed increased male reproductive success, to the development and the stability of malathion-specific resistance in T. castaneum. [less ▲]

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See detailIntranasal infusion of enilconazole for treatment of sinonasal aspergillosis in dogs.
Zonderland, Jean-Luc; Stork, Christoph; Saunders, Jimmy et al

in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association [=JAVMA] (2002), 221

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See detailBestiaire et métamorphoses d’Eugène Savitzkaya
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Ponts/Ponti (2002), 2

Les animaux se croisent par centaines dans les romans de Savitzkaya et leur présence a une valeur symbolique qui est analysée ici.

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See detailLes lithométéores au Niger: mise au point.
Ozer, Pierre ULg

in Würzburger Geographische Arbeiten (2002), (97), 7-32

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See detailDifferential pathomechanisms of epidermal necrolytic blistering diseases.
Paquet, Philippe ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in International Journal of Molecular Medicine (2002), 10(6), 695-9

Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) results from the effect of exfoliative-toxins produced by staphylococcal strains. The disease affects predominantly children, and is rare in adults. We report ... [more ▼]

Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) results from the effect of exfoliative-toxins produced by staphylococcal strains. The disease affects predominantly children, and is rare in adults. We report two cases of the adult type of SSSS. Corticotherapy, chronic alcohol abuse and epilepsy-related immune changes might have been predisposing factors in these patients. The immunopathological characteristics of the inflammatory cell infiltrate in adults SSSS have not been thoroughly explored so far in the literature. Biopsies from 2 patients with bullous SSSS skin were studied by means of immunochemistry using a panel of 10 antibodies directed to FXIIIa, CD15, CD31, CD45R0, CD50, CD54, CD62E, CD95, CD106, and L1-protein, respectively. Cutaneous biopsies from related blistering diseases were compared. They included drug-induced toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), bullous impetigo and superficial pemphigus. A dense cell infiltrate composed of granulocytes (CD15+), macrophages (L1 protein+) and memory T cells (CD45R0+) and a strong expression of ICAM-3 (CD50) were present in the epidermis. CD95+ keratinocytes were lining the intraepidermal blisters. Type I dermal dendrocytes (Factor XIIIa+) were numerous and plump in the dermis. Bullous impetigo exhibited the same pattern of inflammatory cells, but with a lower density in type I dermal dendrocytes. TEN differed from SSSS by both the absence of CD15+ granulocytes and a stronger expression of the pro-apoptotic CD95 antigen in the epidermis. In superficial pemphigus, CD95 antigen was not expressed, and CD15+ granulocytes, CD45R0+ lymphocytes and L1 protein+ monocytes were much less numerous. It is concluded that the specific binding of SSSS-induced exotoxins to the desmosomes alters the keratinocyte metabolism leading to an inflammatory reaction followed by focal apoptosis. Our findings are in line with the concept that SSSS exotoxins might be superantigens. A common pathomechanism leading to epidermal destruction is likely operative in SSSS and bullous impetigo. The inflammatory cell composition in TEN and superficial pemphigus markedly differs from that in SSSS. [less ▲]

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See detailGlutathione S-transferase isoenzymes in the two-spot ladybird, Adalia bipunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae).
Francis, Frédéric ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Dierickx, Paul

in Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology (2002), 49(3), 158-66

Isoenzymes of glutathione S-transferase (GST) in adult Adalia bipunctata, an aphidophagous predator, were studied. Cytosolic GST activity was studied in each beetle developmental stage. The highest ... [more ▼]

Isoenzymes of glutathione S-transferase (GST) in adult Adalia bipunctata, an aphidophagous predator, were studied. Cytosolic GST activity was studied in each beetle developmental stage. The highest activities towards both 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) and 2,4-dinitro-1-iodobenzene (DNIB) occurred in adults. The enzyme distribution was investigated in adults. While most of the enzymatic activity was found in the abdomen (40-50 and 34-63% respectively) using several concentrations of both CDNB and DNIB, significant differences were observed for the head and the thorax depending on the substrate. Activities were more abundant in the thorax with DNIB (37-47%) compared to the 13-19% obtained with CDNB. Some GST activity was also detected in the elytra. GSTs were purified by epoxy-activated Sepharose 6B affinity chromatography and applied to an HPLC column to determine the native molecular weight (69 kDa). Three isoenzymes were separated by chromatofocusing at pH ranges 7-4. Three bands with molecular mass from 23 to 26 kDa were visualised on SDS-PAGE. Their isoelectric points were 6.66, 6.36, and 6.21. The substrate specificities and the kinetic parameters (Vm and Km) of the isoenzymes showed large differences depending on the isoenzyme. Arch. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Use of Cardboard Bedding Material as Part of an Environmental Control Regime for Heaves-affected Horses: In Vitro Assessment of Airborne Dust and Aeroallergen Concentration and In Vivo Effects on Lung Function
Kirschvink, Nathalie; Di silvestro, F.; Sbai, Ilham ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (2002), 163

This study aimed to test whether shredded cardboard is an appropriate minimum-dust bedding material for heaves-affected horses. Results of standardized in vitro measurement of airborne dust and ... [more ▼]

This study aimed to test whether shredded cardboard is an appropriate minimum-dust bedding material for heaves-affected horses. Results of standardized in vitro measurement of airborne dust and aeroallergen concentrations of cardboard bedding were significantly lower than those of common bedding materials. Six heaves-affected horses in clinical remission after pasturing were stabled for two months on cardboard bedding and fed grass silage. Pulmonary function tests (PFT: ventilatory mechanics, arterial blood gases, airway inflammation scoring, bronchoalveolar cytology) were performed before, during and after this period and after stabling the horses in poor hygienic conditions. PFT values measured during and after the stabling period on cardboard bedding were not significantly different from those recorded after the period at pasture or from those of healthy horses, but were significantly different from those recorded in poor hygienic conditions. On basis of the in vitro and in vivo results it can be concluded that cardboard bedding, used in conjunction with low-dust forage, may be appropriate in the provision of minimum-dust management of heaves-affected horses [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse de l'impact physiologique et economique de l'elagage des arbres d'alignement en port libre.
Toussaint, André ULg; Kervyn de Meerendre, V.; Delcroix, B. et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2002), 6(2), 99-107

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See detailAre central executive functions working in patients with focal frontal lesions?
Andrès Bénito, P.; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Neuropsychologia (2002), 40(7), 835-845

The aim of this study was to examine the hypothesis of a link between frontal cortex and two executive functions in working memory: the capacity to perform a dual task and the ability to inhibit ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to examine the hypothesis of a link between frontal cortex and two executive functions in working memory: the capacity to perform a dual task and the ability to inhibit irrelevant information. A dual task designed to assess the capacity to perform storage and processing simultaneously and a directed forgetting task designed to assess the capacity to actively inhibit no-longer relevant information were administered to a group of patients with focal frontal lesions and to a group of control participants. The results revealed that despite showing reduced short-term storage, frontal patients performed the dual task and inhibited the no-longer relevant information as well as control participants. These findings suggest that not all-executive processes are exclusively sustained by the frontal cortex [Quart J Exp Psychol 9 (1996) 5; Curr Opin Neurobiol 10 (2000) 195; Neuropsychology (1994) 544; The Cognitive Neuropsychology of Alzheimer-type dementia. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 1996]. [less ▲]

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See detailPrimary Structure of Selected Archaeal Mesophilic and Extremely Thermophilic Outer Surface Layer Proteins
Claus, Harald; Akça, Erol; Debaerdemaeker, Tony et al

in Systematic & Applied Microbiology (2002), 25

The archaea are recognized as a separate third domain of life together with the bacteria and eucarya. The archaea include the methanogens, extreme halophiles, thermoplasmas, sulfate reducers and sulfur ... [more ▼]

The archaea are recognized as a separate third domain of life together with the bacteria and eucarya. The archaea include the methanogens, extreme halophiles, thermoplasmas, sulfate reducers and sulfur metabolizing thermophiles, which thrive in different habitats such as anaerobic niches, salt lakes, and marine hydrothermals systems and continental solfataras. Many of these habitats represent extreme environments in respect to temperature, osmotic pressure and pH-values and remind on the conditions of the early earth. The cell envelope structures were one of the first biochemical characteristics of archaea studied in detail. The most common archaeal cell envelope is composed of a single crystalline protein or glycoprotein surface layer (S-layer), which is associated with the outside of the cytoplasmic membrane. The S-layers are directly exposed to the extreme environment and can not be stabilized by cellular components. Therefore, from comparative studies of mesophilic and extremely thermophilic S-layer proteins hints can be obtained about the molecular mechanisms of protein stabilization at high temperatures. First crystallization experiments of surface layer proteins under microgravity conditions were successful. Here, we report on the biochemical features of selected mesophilic and extremely archaeal S-layer (glyco-) proteins. [less ▲]

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See detailCloning and characterization of ADAMTS-14, a novel ADAMTS displaying high homology with ADAMTS-2 and ADAMTS-3.
Colige, Alain ULg; Vandenberghe, Isabel; Thiry, Marc ULg et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2002), 277(8), 5756-66

The processing of amino- and carboxyl-propeptides of fibrillar collagens is required to generate collagen monomers that correctly assemble into fibrils. Mutations in the ADAMTS2 gene, the ... [more ▼]

The processing of amino- and carboxyl-propeptides of fibrillar collagens is required to generate collagen monomers that correctly assemble into fibrils. Mutations in the ADAMTS2 gene, the aminopropeptidase of procollagen I and II, result in the accumulation of non-fully processed type I procollagen, causing human Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VIIC and animal dermatosparaxis. In this study, we show that the aminopropeptide of type I procollagen can be cleaved in vivo in absence of ADAMTS-2 activity and that this processing is performed at the cleavage site for ADAMTS-2. In an attempt to identify the enzyme responsible for this alternative aminoprocollagen peptidase activity, we have cloned the cDNA and determined the primary structure of human and mouse ADAMTS-14, a novel ADAMTS displaying striking homologies with ADAMTS-2 and -3. The structure of the human gene, which maps to 10q21.3, and the mechanisms of generation of the various transcripts are described. The existence of two sites of initiation of transcription, in two different promoter contexts, suggests that transcripts resulting from these two sites can be differently regulated. The tissue distribution of ADAMTS-14, the regulation of the gene expression by various cytokines and the activity of the recombinant enzyme are evaluated. The potential function of ADAMTS-14 as a physiological aminoprocollagen peptidase in vivo is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailAdvances in the field of COX-2 inhibition
De Leval, X.; Julémont, F.; Delarge, J. et al

in Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents (2002), 12

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See detailL'etude clinique du mois. Essais de preservation des cellules B a la phase initiale du diabete de type 1: resultats negatifs avec l'insuline retard, mais prometteurs avec un anticorps monoclonal anti-CD3.
Philips, Jean-Christophe ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(6), 413-7

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease leading to a progressive exhaustion of the insulin secretion and a destruction of the B-cells. Attempts of preservation of insulin-producing B-cells can be ... [more ▼]

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease leading to a progressive exhaustion of the insulin secretion and a destruction of the B-cells. Attempts of preservation of insulin-producing B-cells can be performed at an early, most often silent, stage of the disease in well-selected at high risk subjects or during the period immediately following the clinical diagnosis based upon classical signs of hyperglycaemia. In the "Diabetes Prevention Trial-Type 1", the prophylactic subcutaneous administration of low-dose ultralente insulin was not able to prevent the development of type 1 diabetes nor to preserve residual insulin secretion in young relatives at very high-risk of diabetes, selected upon genetic, immunological and metabolic criteria. In contrast, a pilot randomized trial shows that a treatment with a nonactivating humanized monoclonal antibody against CD3 mitigates the deterioration in insulin production and improves metabolic control, with lower dose of exogenous insulin, during the first year of type 1 diabetes mellitus in 9 out of 12 treated patients. Besides a better understanding of the natural history of the disease, these clinical trials open new perspectives for prevention of type 1 diabetes mellitus, currently assessed by the Belgian Diabetes Registry. [less ▲]

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See detailTexture evolution during deep-drawing processes
Duchene, Laurent ULg; Godinas, A.; Cescotto, Serge ULg et al

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2002), 125-126

This paper presents a constitutive law based on Taylor’s model implemented in our non-linear finite element code LAGAMINE. The yield locus is only locally described and a particular interpolation method ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a constitutive law based on Taylor’s model implemented in our non-linear finite element code LAGAMINE. The yield locus is only locally described and a particular interpolation method has been developed. This local yield locus model uses a discrete representation of the material’s texture. The interpolation method is presented and a deep-drawing application is simulated in order to show up the influence of the texture evolution during forming processes. [less ▲]

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See detailDes "dermatomycoses banales" qui ne pardonnent pas.
Braham, C.; Fraiture, A. L.; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2002), 57(5), 317-9

Two young adults presented an interdigital intertrigo and a dyschromic nail alteration, respectively. They were adept of intense sport swimming in pools. Lesions had been misdiagnosed as athlete's foot ... [more ▼]

Two young adults presented an interdigital intertrigo and a dyschromic nail alteration, respectively. They were adept of intense sport swimming in pools. Lesions had been misdiagnosed as athlete's foot and onychomycosis, respectively. Several antifungal treatments had been tried without success. After many months of inadequate management, the dermatological examination revealed the presence of two malignant melanomas corresponding to the eroded acrolentiginous and nodular subungueal types, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailErratum: Evaluation of the hycel diagnostics diana-5 hematolgy analyzer. Laboratory Hematology (2002) vol. 8 (3) (126-133)
Boeme, F.; Cielniaszek, N.; Paulus, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Laboratory Hematology : Official Publication of the International Society for Laboratory Hematology (2002), 8(4),

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See detailScalable adaptive hierarchical clustering
Mathy, Laurent ULg; Canonico, R.; Simpson, S. et al

in IEEE Communications Letters (2002), 6(3), 117--119

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See detailResearch on Instruction in Physical Education. Review of the Research in Selected Roman Languages.
Piéron, Maurice ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

in International Journal of Physical Education (2002), 39(1), 12-20

In French, the term "intervention" is used since a few years. The paper will: (1) deal with the topic of instruction limites to teachers' decisions and interventions during the interactive phase in ... [more ▼]

In French, the term "intervention" is used since a few years. The paper will: (1) deal with the topic of instruction limites to teachers' decisions and interventions during the interactive phase in teaching; during this phase, activities planned in the pre-interactive phase are implemented: the interactive phase concerns the task's presentation, the pupils' activity and the control of this activity in terms of behavioural management and of the quality of the eprformance (feedback); (2) refer to the main research methods used in gathering data, and (3) develop the main findings in the domain of instruction: teacher thinking and behaviour, pupils' thoughts and behaviour, management of the class or in other words control of pupils' behaviour. It is evident that thougts and behaviours are closely related and are part of the relationship between teachers and pupils. The paper focused only on texts appearing in French, Portuguese and Spanish published since 1997 in Physical eeducation journals and Proceeddings of international congresses. [less ▲]

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See detailInfection de ruminants par des herpèsvirus hétérolgogues
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Lemaire, Mylène

in Point Vétérinaire (2002), 32

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See detailOn the joint analysis of longitudinal responses and early discontinuation in randomized trials
Vandenhende, François; Lambert, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics (2002), 12

Our focus is on the joint analysis of longitudinal nonnormal responses and early discontinuation in (pre)-clinical trials. Separate models are fitted to the two series (response and discontinuation) to ... [more ▼]

Our focus is on the joint analysis of longitudinal nonnormal responses and early discontinuation in (pre)-clinical trials. Separate models are fitted to the two series (response and discontinuation) to account for covariate and time effects. The serial dependence and the dependence between response and drop-out are also modeled. This is done using particular dependence functions, called copulas. Copulas are used to create a joint distribution with given marginal distributions. Applications are given for the analysis of heart rate/morbidity in toxicology and pain severity/intake of rescue medications in a trial on migraine. Using copulas, the level of dependence between two variables remains invariant to changes in the marginal distribution of either variable. This proves interesting in modeling the association in a longitudinal setting when responses change over time. [less ▲]

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See detailSelf-esteem, social adjustment and suicidality in affective disorders
Daskalopoulou, E; Dikeos, D; Papadimitriou, G et al

in European Psychiatry (2002), 17

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See detailSaberes e instrumentos para ler os territórios próximos e distantes
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Educação Geográfica (2002), (15), 43-54

Cet article rend compte de l'expérience de la Fédération des Professeurs de Géographie de la Communauté française de Belgique pour aider à la mise en place d'une pédagogie par compétences et plus ... [more ▼]

Cet article rend compte de l'expérience de la Fédération des Professeurs de Géographie de la Communauté française de Belgique pour aider à la mise en place d'une pédagogie par compétences et plus spécifiquement du guide conceptuel que nous avons rédigé pour apprendre aux élèves à lire les territoires du monde [less ▲]

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