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See detailA photometric mode identification method, including an improved non-adiabatic treatment of the atmosphere
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; De Ridder, J.; De Cat, P. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 398

We present an improved version of the method of photometric mode identification of Heynderickx et al. (\cite{hey}). Our new version is based on the inclusion of precise non-adiabatic eigenfunctions ... [more ▼]

We present an improved version of the method of photometric mode identification of Heynderickx et al. (\cite{hey}). Our new version is based on the inclusion of precise non-adiabatic eigenfunctions determined in the outer stellar atmosphere according to the formalism recently proposed by Dupret et al. (\cite{dup}). Our improved photometric mode identification technique is therefore no longer dependent on ad hoc parameters for the non-adiabatic effects. It contains the complete physical conditions of the outer atmosphere of the star, provided that rotation does not play a key role. We apply our method to the two slowly pulsating B stars HD 74560 and HD 138764 and to the beta Cephei star EN (16) Lac. Besides identifying the degree l of the pulsating stars, our method is also a tool for improving the knowledge of stellar interiors and atmospheres, by imposing constraints on parameters such as the metallicity and the mixing-length parameter alpha (a procedure we label non-adiabatic asteroseismology). The non-adiabatic eigenfunctions needed for the mode identification are available upon request from the authors. [less ▲]

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See detailSpectroscopic mode identification for the beta Cephei star EN (16) Lacertae
Aerts, C.; Lehmann, H.; Briquet, Maryline ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 399

We perform for the first time spectroscopic mode identification in the eclipsing binary beta Cephei star EN (16) Lac. This mode identification is based upon a time series of 942 line profiles of the He I ... [more ▼]

We perform for the first time spectroscopic mode identification in the eclipsing binary beta Cephei star EN (16) Lac. This mode identification is based upon a time series of 942 line profiles of the He I lambda lambda 6678 Åline in its spectrum. All three known frequencies f[SUB]1[/SUB], f,SUB>2,/SUB>, f[SUB]3[/SUB] of the star are present in the line-profile variations, but we failed to find additional modes. Using different identification methods we find conclusive evidence for the radial nature of the main mode and for the l=2, m=0 identification of the mode with frequency f[SUB]2[/SUB]. A unique identification of the third mode is not possible from the spectra, but we do derive that l[SUB]3[/SUB]<3. Fits to the amplitude and phase variability of the modes imply a rotation frequency between 0.1 and 0.4 c d[SUP]-1[/SUP]. The star's rotation axis is not aligned with the orbital axis. Based on observations gathered with the coudé spectrograph attached to the 2.0 m reflector telescope at Tautenburg Observatory. [less ▲]

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See detailObservation of dayside subauroral proton flashes with the IMAGE-FUV imagers
Hubert, Benoît ULg; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Fuselier, S. A. et al

in Geophysical Research Letters (2003), 30

A detailed description of an intense flash of auroral emissions that occurs equatorward of the dayside auroral oval observed with the IMAGE-FUV imagers is presented. The comparison of simultaneous ... [more ▼]

A detailed description of an intense flash of auroral emissions that occurs equatorward of the dayside auroral oval observed with the IMAGE-FUV imagers is presented. The comparison of simultaneous snapshots of this subauroral flash obtained with the three FUV cameras indicates that proton precipitation is dominant. This transient proton aurora is triggered by the sudden increase of a solar wind dynamic pressure pulse. It occurs on closed field lines mapping to the equatorial plane at distances as small as ~4 R[SUB]E[/SUB]. A second similar event is presented, and several other cases are mentioned. These shock induced transcient emissions develop with a time scale of a few minutes (typically ~5 min), and have a relaxation time on the order of ~10 minutes. [less ▲]

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See detailA new version of the moment method, optimized for mode identification in multiperiodic stars
Briquet, Maryline ULg; Aerts, C.

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 398

We present a numerical version of the moment method for the identification of non-radial pulsation modes. The new version requires less computation time than the previous one, allowing users to consider ... [more ▼]

We present a numerical version of the moment method for the identification of non-radial pulsation modes. The new version requires less computation time than the previous one, allowing users to consider all the information contained in the first three moments of a multiperiodic star and to identify multiple modes simultaneously. This, together with the use of a new discriminant that considers the moments calculated at each time of observation, increases considerably the feasibility and the accuracy of the mode identification for multiperiodic stars. Moreover, the technique is extended to rotating pulsating stars. We apply the new version to three B stars showing multiperiodicity. Computer code for mode identification available upon request. Tables 1 to 8 are only available in electronic form at http://www.edpsciences.org [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of rhein on human articular chondrocytes in alginate beads
Sanchez, Christelle ULg; Mathy-Hartert, Marianne; Deberg, Michelle ULg et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (2003), 65(3), 377-388

This study was designed to investigate the effects of them, the active metabolite of diacerhein, on the metabolic functions of human chondrocytes cultured in alginate beads. Enzymatically isolated ... [more ▼]

This study was designed to investigate the effects of them, the active metabolite of diacerhein, on the metabolic functions of human chondrocytes cultured in alginate beads. Enzymatically isolated ostcoarthritic (OA) chondrocytes were cultured in alginate beads in a well-defined culture medium for 12 days. Rhein was tested in a range of concentrations comprised between 10(-7) and 4 x 10(-5) M, in the presence or absence of 10(-10) M IL-1beta. Interleukin (IL)-6 and -8, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP-1beta), stromelysin-1 (MMP-3), aggrecan (AGG), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1), prostaglandin E-2 (PGE(2)) and nitric oxide (NO) productions were assayed. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible NO synthase (iNOS) mRNA steady-state levels were also quantified. In the basal condition, 10(-5) M them increased by 46.5% the production of AGG, decreased by 17-30% the production of IL-6, MMP-3, NO and MIP-1beta but enhanced by 50% the production of PGE2(.) IL-1beta increased IL-6, IL-8, MIP-1beta, NO, PGE(2) and MMP-3 productions, but inhibited AGG and TIMP-1 synthesis. Rhein partially reversed the effect of IL-1beta on TIMP-1 and NO production, had no effect on AGG, IL-6 and MIP-1P production, but upregulated the IL-1beta stimulated PGE(2) production. The COX-2 and iNOS mRNA levels and IL-8 production were not modified by rhein. Overall, these results contribute to explain the clinical efficiency of rhein and give new information on its mechanisms of action. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailResults of exercise testing at a mean age of 10 years after neonatal arterial switch operation.
Hovels-Gurich, H. H.; Kunz, D.; Seghaye, Marie-Christine ULg et al

in Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992) (2003), 92(2), 190-6

AIM: This prospective follow-up study investigated long-term exercise capacity at a mean age of 10 y after neonatal arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries in a large group of ... [more ▼]

AIM: This prospective follow-up study investigated long-term exercise capacity at a mean age of 10 y after neonatal arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries in a large group of homogeneous unselected children. METHODS: 56 asymptomatic children, aged 7.9-14.3 y (10.5 +/- 1.6, mean +/- SD), were examined with respect to exercise tolerance, electrocardiographic (ECG) response and activity of biochemical markers for myocardial injury. The protocol included standard electrocardiography, M-mode and two-dimensional echocardiography at rest, a Bruce walking treadmill test to voluntary exhaustion, and determination of cardiac troponin I and T, creatine kinase and myoglobin from venous blood samples at rest and 4 h after exercise. Heart rate, blood-pressure response to exercise stress and endurance time were compared with published results of age-matched normal children. RESULTS: 54 patients (96.4%) had normal exercise capacity; a reduction in 2 patients was not due to cardiac disease. Heart rate and systolic blood pressure rose significantly between rest and peak exercise and did not differ from normal controls, whereas diastolic blood pressure was lower. ECG remained normal at rest and on exercise in 54 children (96.4%). Serum values of cardiac troponin I and T, creatine kinase and myoglobin were normal at rest and after exercise in all patients. CONCLUSION: The study demonstrates excellent long-term exercise capacity after neonatal arterial switch operation. Exercise testing is a useful and non-invasive screening method to detect patients with clinically relevant exercise-induced myocardial ischaemia and should be routinely performed in growing patients. [less ▲]

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See detailIndolomonoterpenic alkaloids from Strychnos icaja roots
Philippe, Geneviève ULg; De Mol, Patrick ULg; Zeches-Hanrot, M. et al

in Phytochemistry (2003), 62(4), 623-629

In the course of our search for new antiplasmodial alkaloids from Strychnos icaja, we have isolated five alkaloids: three monomers, protostrychnine and genostrychnine, previously described in Strychnos ... [more ▼]

In the course of our search for new antiplasmodial alkaloids from Strychnos icaja, we have isolated five alkaloids: three monomers, protostrychnine and genostrychnine, previously described in Strychnos nux-vomica, pseudostrychnine, already found in the leaves of the plant, a new bisindolic alkaloid, named strychnogucine C, and the first naturally occurring trimeric indolomonoterpenic alkaloid: strychnohexamine. This latter trimeric alkaloid presented an antiplasmodial activity against the FCA Plasmodium falciparum line near I muM. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDeficiency of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) impairs nutritionally induced obesity in mice.
Lijnen, Roger; Demeulemeester, Diego; Van Hoef, B. et al

in Thrombosis and Haemostasis (2003), 89(2), 249-255

Tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 deficient (TIMP-1(-/-)) mice and wild-type (TIMP-1(+/+)) controls were kept on a standard (SFD) or a high fat diet (HFD) for 15 weeks. At the time of ... [more ▼]

Tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 deficient (TIMP-1(-/-)) mice and wild-type (TIMP-1(+/+)) controls were kept on a standard (SFD) or a high fat diet (HFD) for 15 weeks. At the time of sacrifice, TIMP-1(-/-) mice on HFD had a significantly lower body weight (29 +/- 1.5 versus 41 +/- 1.8 g, p <0.005), and significantly less subcutaneous (0.81 +/- 0.19 versus 1.78 +/- 0.21 g, p <0.05) and gonadal (0.87 +/- 0.17 versus 1.85 +/- 0.18 g, p <0.005) fat mass. These differences were much less pronounced for mice on SFD. On HFD but not on SFD, adipocyte diameters were significantly lower in the adipose tissue of TIMP-1(-/-) mice. Plasma leptin levels in TIMP-1(-/-) mice on HFD were significantly lower as compared to TIMP-1(+/-) mice, and strongly correlated with adipose tissue mass for both genotypes. Staining with an endothelial cell specific lectin revealed a significantly higher blood vessel density, larger stained area and vessel size in adipose tissue of TIMP-1(-/-) mice on HFD. This difference disappeared after normalization to the adipocyte number, suggesting that it does not represent a true enhancement of angiogenesis. Thus, in a murine model of nutritionally induced obesity, TIMP-1 promotes adipose tissue development. [less ▲]

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See detailA new proposal of a simple model for the lateral-torsional buckling of unrestrained steel I-beams in case of fire: experimental and numerical validation
Vila Real, Paolo; Piloto, Paolo; Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Journal of Constructional Steel Research (2003), 59(2), 179-199

The behaviour of Steel I-Beams exhibiting lateral-torsional buckling at elevated temperature has been studied by means of experimental and numerical analysis. The authors in an earlier paper have ... [more ▼]

The behaviour of Steel I-Beams exhibiting lateral-torsional buckling at elevated temperature has been studied by means of experimental and numerical analysis. The authors in an earlier paper have presented an analytical formula for the buckling resistance moment in the fire design situation. This new proposal, different from the actual proposal of the Eurocode 3 Part 1.2 has been validated in this work by comparison with the results from a set of 120 experimental and numerical tests performed on IPE 100 beams, submitted to temperatures varying from room temperature to 600 degreesC. The numerical simulations have been based on the measured geometrical dimensions of the cross-sections, the longitudinal imperfections, i.e. the out of straightness of the beams, the residual stresses and the yield strength. The Eurocode simple model promotes ultimate loads that depend mainly on the non-dimensional slenderness of the beams. The analytical results provided by the Eurocode 3, for a certain range of the slenderness, appear to be unsafe when compared with the numerical and experimental results. It is shown that the new proposal is safer than the Eurocode 3 formulas. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-term efficacy of risedronate: a 5-year placebo-controlled clinical experience
Sorensen, O. H.; Crawford, G. M.; Mulder, H. et al

in BONE (2003), 32(2), 120-126

Limited placebo-controlled data are available to assess the long-term fracture efficacy of bisphosphonates. In order to determine the effects of 5 years of risedronate treatment, we extended a 3-year ... [more ▼]

Limited placebo-controlled data are available to assess the long-term fracture efficacy of bisphosphonates. In order to determine the effects of 5 years of risedronate treatment, we extended a 3-year, placebo-controlled vertebral fracture study in osteoporotic women for an additional 2 years; women who entered the extension study continued to receive 5 mg risedronate or placebo according to the original randomization, with maintenance of blinding. End points included vertebral and nonvertebral fracture assessments, bone mineral density measurements, and changes in biochemical markers of bone turnover. A total of 265 women (placebo, 130; 5 mg risedronate, 135) entered the study extension and 220 (83%) completed the additional 2 years. Fracture results observed in the study extension were consistent with those observed in the first 3 years. The risk of new vertebral fractures was significantly reduced with risedronate treatment in years 4 and 5 by 59% (95% confidence interval, 19 to 79%, P = 0.01) compared with a 49% reduction in the first 3 years. Rapid and significant decreases in markers of bone turnover observed in the first 3 years were similarly maintained in the next 2 years of treatment. Increases in spine and hip bone mineral density that occurred in the risedronate group during the first 3 years were maintained or increased with a further 2 years of treatment. The mean increase from baseline in lumbar spine BMD over 5 years was 9.3% (P < 0.001). This study demonstrates that the effects of risedronate over 3 years on vertebral fracture and BMD are maintained with a further 2 years of treatment. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailis there any rationale for prescribing hormone replacement therapy (HTR) to prevent or to treat osteoarthritis?
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Kvasz, Angela ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2003), 11(2), 87-91

Background: During the last two decades of the 20th century, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has been considered as the sole pharmacological approach for counterbalancing or mitigating the effects of ... [more ▼]

Background: During the last two decades of the 20th century, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has been considered as the sole pharmacological approach for counterbalancing or mitigating the effects of estrogens deprivation in post-menopausal women. Subsequently, HRT has been widely recommended for the management of chronic diseases occurring, in women during the second half of their life. The overall risk/benefit ratio of estrogens has been recently reassessed in the light of long-term prospective studies failing to demonstrate the expected benefit of HRT on cardiovascular diseases incidence. Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the chronic conditions for which HRT has been suggested to provide beneficial outcomes. Results: The presence of estrogen receptors in human cartilage is no longer debated. However, cellular or animal models of OA do not provide an unequivocal pathway for the influence of gonadal steroids on cartilage. Similarly, studies attempting to correlate serum or urinary levels of sex steroids to the onset or progression of OA gave conflicting results. No randomized, prospective, controlled trial was designed to specifically assess the impact of hormone replacement therapy on symptomatic or structural progression of OA. Large-scale observational studies or trials designed to assess other potential benefits of estrogens suggest that HRT use does not provide symptomatic relief in OA but may interfere with its long-term structural progression, particularly in the lower limbs. Conclusion: Based on the recent results of the Women Health Initiative suggesting that HRT health risks may outweigh benefits, one can hardly recommend, with the current level of evidence, HRT as a first-line treatment against progression of OA. (C) 2003 OsteoArthritis Research Society International. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailSpät erst erfahren Sie sich Judith Hermann findet "Nichts als Gespenster"
Pontzen, Alexandra ULg

in Literaturkritik.de (2003)

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See detailStrontium ranelate: A new paradigm in the treatment of osteoporosis
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Deroisy, Rita ULg; Jupsin, Isabelle ULg

in Drugs of Today (2003), 39(2), 89-101

Not one of the currently available medications has, so far, unequivocally demonstrated its ability to fully prevent the occurrence of new vertebral or peripheral osteoporotic fractures once osteoporosis ... [more ▼]

Not one of the currently available medications has, so far, unequivocally demonstrated its ability to fully prevent the occurrence of new vertebral or peripheral osteoporotic fractures once osteoporosis is established. Therefore, several new therapies are currently under development to optimize the risk/benefit ratio of osteoporosis treatment. Strontium ranelate is composed of an organic moiety (ranelic acid) and of two atoms of stable nonradioactive strontium. In vitro, strontium ranelate increases Collagen and noncollagenic proteins synthesis by mature osteoblast enriched cells. The effects of strontium ranelate on bone formation were confirmed as strontium ranelate enhanced pre-osteoblastic cell replication. The stimulation by strontium ranelate of the replication of osteoprogenitor cell and collagen, as well as noncollagenic protein synthesis in osteoblasts, provides substantial evidence to categorize strontium ranelate as a bone-forming agent. In the isolated rat osteoclast assay, a pre-incubation of bone slices with strontium ranelate induced a dose-dependent inhibition of the bone resorbing activity of treated rat osteoclast. Strontium ranelate also dose-dependently inhibited, in a chicken bone marrow culture, the expression of both carbonic anhydrase 11 and the (x-subunit of the vitronectin receptor. These effects showing that strontium ranelate significantly affects bone resorption due to a direct and/or matrix-mediated inhibition of osteoclast activity and also inhibits osteoclasts differentiation, are compatible with the profile of an anti-resorptive drug. In normal rats, administration of strontium ranelate induces an improvement in the mechanical properties of the humerus and/or the lumbar vertebra associated with a commensurate increase in bone dimension, shaft and volume. Strontium ranelate was administered in 160 early postmenopausal women, in a 24-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled, prospective randomized study. Daily oral dose of 125 mg, 500 mg and 1 g of strontium ranelate were compared with a placebo. At the conclusion of the study, the percent variation of lumbar-adjusted bone mineral density from baseline was significantly different in the group receiving 1 g/day of strontium ranelate compared with placebo (+1.41% vs. -0.98%, respectively). Increase in total hip and neck bone mineral density averages, respectively, 3.2% and 2.5%. Strontium ranelate does not induce any significant adverse reaction compared with those observed in women receiving a placebo for the same duration. In a phase 11 study, the effect of strontium ranelate in postmenopausal women with vertebral osteoporotic fractures was assessed during a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Doses of 500 mg, 1 g and 2 g daily of strontium ranelate or placebo were given to 353 Caucasian women with prevalent osteoporosis. At the conclusion of this 2-year study, the annual increase in lumbar-adjusted bone mineral density of the group receiving 2 g of strontium ranelate was +2.97%. This result was significantly different compared with placebo. A significant increase in bone alkaline phosphatase and, over a 6-month period, a significant decrease in urinary-pyridium crosslinks (NTX) were evidenced. During the second year of treatment, the dose of 2 g was associated with a 44% reduction in the number of patients experiencing a new vertebral deformity. Bone histomorphometry showed no mineralization defects. The same percentage of withdrawals following an adverse effect was observed for patients receiving placebo and for those receiving 2 g of strontium ranelate. The compound was further investigated in a large phase III program that included two extensive trials for the treatment of severe osteoporosis, one assessing the effects of strontium ranelate on the risk of vertebral fractures (SOTI) and one evaluating its effects on peripheral (nonspinal) fractures (TROPOS). The primary analysis of the SOTI study, evaluating the effect of 2 g of strontium ranelate on vertebral fracture rates, revealed a 41% reduction in the relative risk of experiencing a first new vertebral fracture with strontium ranelate, throughout the 3-year study, compared with placebo. The TROPOS study, showed a significant (p = 0.05) reduction in the relative risk of experiencing a first non-vertebral fracture in the group treated with strontium ranelate throughout the 3-year study compared with placebo in the intention-to-treat population. A 41% reduction in the relative risk of experiencing a hip fracture was demonstrated in the per protocol population. All these results imply that strontium ranelate is a new, effective and safe treatment for vertebral and nonvertebral osteoporosis, with a unique mode of action. (C) 2003 Prous Science. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEnde einer Odyssee : Zur kritischen Edition der Lyrik Gertrud Kolmars
Viehöver, Vera ULg

in IASL Online (2003)

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See detailEffect of intra-operative magnesium sulphate on pain relief and patient comfort after major lumbar orthopaedic surgery
Levaux, Christine ULg; Bonhomme, Vincent ULg; Dewandre, Pierre-Yves et al

in Anaesthesia (2003), 58(2), 131-135

The effects of intra-operative magnesium sulphate on pain relief after major lumbar surgery were investigated in 24 patients. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either an infusion of 50 mg x kg ... [more ▼]

The effects of intra-operative magnesium sulphate on pain relief after major lumbar surgery were investigated in 24 patients. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either an infusion of 50 mg x kg(-1) magnesium sulphate or an equivalent volume of saline at induction of anaesthesia. Anaesthesia was induced with propofol and remifentanil. Tracheal intubation was facilitated using rocuronium. Maintenance was achieved with remifentanil and sevoflurane in nitrous oxide/ oxygen. Intra-operative monitoring included standard equipment and neuromuscular transmission. During surgery, neuromuscular block recovery was longer in the magnesium group. Postoperative opioid consumption and pain scores were lower in the magnesium group. The first night's sleep and the global satisfaction scores were better in the magnesium group. The results of the study support magnesium sulphate as a useful adjuvant for postoperative analgesia after major lumbar surgery. [less ▲]

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See detailTraitement hormonal apres cancer du sein. Oui ... ou non?
Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg; Desreux, Joëlle ULg; Lifrange, Eric ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2003), 58(2), 77-82

Clinical and experimental studies indicate that combined unique conjugated estrogens and medroxyprogesterone acetate moderately increase the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Classically ... [more ▼]

Clinical and experimental studies indicate that combined unique conjugated estrogens and medroxyprogesterone acetate moderately increase the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Classically, hormone replacement therapy is contra-indicated in women with a past history of breast cancer due to the fear of recurrence. However, these postmenopausal patients complain about hot flushes and adjuvant hormonal therapies (such as aromatase inhibitors, SERMs and Tamoxifen...) aggravate their symptoms. Observational studies and their meta-analyses do not show a deleterious effect but rather a beneficial impact of hormone replacement therapy among women with a past history of breast cancer. We summarise all these studies and their biological, clinical and epidemiological interpretations. We conclude that short term hormone replacement therapy is safe among those women requesting a replacement therapy after complete information. It is however advisable to conclude definitely only when prospective randomised trials with estradiol or tibolone (a promising alternative) will be available. Such ongoing studies will allow to conclude definitely the possible benefits and risks of hormone replacement therapy among patients with a past history of breast cancer. [less ▲]

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See detail"Dermato-couture": points de suture utiles en chirurgie dermatologique
Jacquemin, Gael; Richert, Bertrand ULg; de LA BRASSINNE, Michel ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2003), 58(2), 88-94

Dermatologists performing skin surgery mostly use the square knot. Other underused or even forgotten suturing techniques may still be helpful in some instances. We shall emphasize some simple techniques ... [more ▼]

Dermatologists performing skin surgery mostly use the square knot. Other underused or even forgotten suturing techniques may still be helpful in some instances. We shall emphasize some simple techniques such as the horizontal mattress suture, the “cross stitch”, the “corner stitch” (half buried mattress suture), the buried dermal suture, the buried vertical mattress suture, the continuous mattress suture and the running intradermal suture. In given circumstances, all of them may improve suturing and promote healing. Technical aspects, advantages and disadvantages of each type of suture will be briefly described. [less ▲]

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See detailMineralogical gradients associated with alvinellids at deep-sea hydrothermal vents
Zbinden, M.; Le Bris, N.; Compère, Philippe ULg et al

in Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers (2003), 50(2), 269-280

Alvinella pompejana and Alvinella caudata live in organic tubes on active sulphide chimney walls at deep-sea hydrothermal vents. These polychaete annelids are exposed to extreme thermal and chemical ... [more ▼]

Alvinella pompejana and Alvinella caudata live in organic tubes on active sulphide chimney walls at deep-sea hydrothermal vents. These polychaete annelids are exposed to extreme thermal and chemical gradients and to intense mineral precipitation. This work points out that mineral particles associated with Pompeii worm (A. pompejana and A. caudata) tubes constitute useful markers for evaluating the chemical characteristics of their micro-environment. The minerals associated with these worm tubes were analysed on samples recovered from an experimental alvinellid colony, at different locations in the vent fluid-seawater interface. Inhabited tubes from the most upper and lower parts of the colony were analysed by light and electron microscopies, X-ray microanalysis and X-ray diffraction. A change was observed from a Fe-Zn-S mineral assemblage to a Zn-S assemblage at the millimeter scale from the outer to the inner face of a tube. A similar gradient in proportions of minerals was observed at a decimeter scale from the lower to the upper part of the colony. The marcasitc/pyrite ratio of iron disulphides also displays a steep decrease along the few millimeters adjacent to the external tube surface. The occurrence of these gradients indicates that the microenvironment within the tube differs from that outside the tube, and suggests that the tube wall acts as an efficient barrier to the external environment. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailMorphological study of magnesium hydroxide nanoparticles precipitated in dilute aqueous solution
Henrist, Catherine ULg; Mathieu, J. P.; Vogels, C. et al

in Journal of Crystal Growth (2003), 249(1-2), 321-330

Among other applications, magnesium hydroxide is commonly used as a flame-retardant filler in composite materials, as well as a precursor for magnesium oxide refractory ceramic. The microstructure of the ... [more ▼]

Among other applications, magnesium hydroxide is commonly used as a flame-retardant filler in composite materials, as well as a precursor for magnesium oxide refractory ceramic. The microstructure of the powder is of prime importance in both technical applications. The influence of synthesis parameters on the morphological characteristics of magnesium hydroxide nanoparticles precipitated in dilute aqueous medium was studied. Several parameters were envisaged such as chemical nature of the base precipitant, type of counter-ion, temperature and hydrothermal treatment. Special attention was given to the obtaining of platelet-shaped, nanometric and de-agglomerated powders. The powders were characterized in terms of particle size distribution, crystal habits, morphology and ability to be redispersed in water. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), nitrogen adsorption and laser diffusion analyses were used for this purpose. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPatient assessment using standardized bone mineral density values and a national reference database: implementing uniform thresholds for the reimbursement of osteoporosis treatments in Belgium
Boonen, S.; Kaufman, J. M.; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2003), 14(2), 110-115

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) devices from the three main manufacturers provide different bone mineral density (BMD) values, due in part to technical differences in the algorithms for bone ... [more ▼]

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) devices from the three main manufacturers provide different bone mineral density (BMD) values, due in part to technical differences in the algorithms for bone mineral content (BMC) and area measurements and in part to the use of different manufacturer-derived reference databases. As a result, significant differences exist between Hologic, Lunar and Norland systems in the reported young normal standard deviation scores or T-scores. In a number of European countries, including Belgium, a T-score below -2.5 is one of the key criteria for reimbursement of osteoporosis treatments. This paper addresses the first attempt to implement a nationwide, uniform expression of BMD in patients, in order to harmonize drug reimbursement. To this end, measures were taken to implement a uniform expression of BMD in Belgian patients, by converting each manufacturer's absolute BMD to standardized BMD (sBMD) values and by establishing a single national reference range. [less ▲]

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See detailA seroepidemiological study of human cysticercosis in West Cameroon
Nguekam, J. P.; Zoli, A. P.; Zogo, P. O. et al

in Tropical Medicine & International Health [=TM & IH] (2003), 8(2), 144-149

We studied the occurrence of human cysticercosis in 4993 individuals from three rural communities of Menoua Division, West Province of Cameroon. Circulating antigens of Taenia solium metacestodes were ... [more ▼]

We studied the occurrence of human cysticercosis in 4993 individuals from three rural communities of Menoua Division, West Province of Cameroon. Circulating antigens of Taenia solium metacestodes were detected in 0.4%, 1.0% and 3.0% of the serum samples taken in Bafou, Bamendou and Fonakekeu, respectively, and examined using a monoclonal antibody-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. This test detects only carriers of living cysticerci and gives thus a good idea of the presence of Active cysticercosis. The percentage of persons infected with cysticercosis increased with age. Twenty-two of the 34 seropositives underwent computed tomography (CT) of the brain. Thirteen of them were CT-scan positive, which shows that neurocysticercosis was present in 59.1% of the tested seropositive persons. No living cysticerci were detected among 20 seronegative people. About 20.6% of the seropositives had a history of or current taeniasis against only 1.9% of the seronegatives. Based on these figures and on the data on porcine cysticercosis (prevalence: 11%) and human taeniasis (prevalence: 0.13%) collected in the same region, we conclude that T. solium cysticercosis is an endemic, but overlooked public health problem in West Cameroon. [less ▲]

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See detailLine profile variability in the spectra of Oef stars. I. BD + 60deg 2522
Rauw, Grégor ULg; De Becker, Michaël ULg; Vreux, Jean-Marie ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 399

We report the analysis of a long term observing campaign designed to monitor the spectroscopic variability of the Oef star BD +60deg 2522. We find that the double-peaked He {II} lambda 4686 emission line ... [more ▼]

We report the analysis of a long term observing campaign designed to monitor the spectroscopic variability of the Oef star BD +60deg 2522. We find that the double-peaked He {II} lambda 4686 emission line undergoes strong profile variability on time scales of 2-3 day. However, the time scale as well as the pattern of these variations turn out to be epoch dependent and the phenomenon is thus most likely not ruled by a single stable clock. On the other hand, the absorption lines in the spectrum of BD +60deg 2522 display line profile variability on time scales of a few hours that might be related to non-radial pulsations. We tentatively propose that the beating of several non-radial pulsation modes triggers transient large-scale density perturbations in a confined stellar wind that produce the 2-3 day time scale variability. [less ▲]

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See detailFamily size and optimal income taxation
Cremer, Helmuth; Dellis, Arnaud; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Journal of Population Economics (2003), 16(1), 37-54

This paper studies the role of family size in the design of optimal income taxation. We consider a second best setting where the government observes the number of children and the income of the parents ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the role of family size in the design of optimal income taxation. We consider a second best setting where the government observes the number of children and the income of the parents but not their productivity. With a linear tax schedule the marginal tax rate is shown to decrease with the number of children, while the relationship between the demogrant and family size appears to be ambiguous. With two ability levels, optimal non-linear income tax implies zero marginal tax rates for the higher ability parents; low ability parents have positive marginal tax rates that decrease with family size. [less ▲]

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See detailLa mesure du débit de filtration glomérulaire en clinique quotidienne
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg; Ferir, Anne-Marie et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2003), 58(2), 95-100

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is the most frequently used parameter to evaluate the renal function. GFR may be estimated with serum creatinine, creatinine clearance based on 24 hours urine collection ... [more ▼]

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is the most frequently used parameter to evaluate the renal function. GFR may be estimated with serum creatinine, creatinine clearance based on 24 hours urine collection or Cockcroft formula. All these methods have bias. Other approaches have thus been proposed. The limitations and advantages of isotopic methods and recent mathematical approaches (MDRD formula) are reviewed. [less ▲]

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See detailOn functional and structural heterogeneity of VIM-type metallo-beta-lactamases
Docquier, J. D.; Lamotte-Brasseur, J.; Galleni, Moreno ULg et al

in Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (2003), 51(2), 257-266

The VIM metallo-beta-lactamases are emerging resistance determinants, encoded by mobile genetic elements, that have recently been detected in multidrug-resistant nosocomial isolates of Pseudomonas ... [more ▼]

The VIM metallo-beta-lactamases are emerging resistance determinants, encoded by mobile genetic elements, that have recently been detected in multidrug-resistant nosocomial isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other Gram-negative pathogens. In this work a T7-based expression system for overproduction of the VIM-2 enzyme by Escherichia coli was developed, which yielded similar to80 mg of protein per litre of culture. The enzyme was mostly released into the medium, from which it was recovered at >99% purity by an initial ammonium sulphate precipitation followed by two chromatography steps, with almost 80% efficiency. Determination of kinetic parameters of VIM-2 under the same experimental conditions previously used for VIM-1 (the first VIM-type enzyme detected in clinical isolates, which is 93% identical to VIM-2) revealed significant differences in K-m values and/or turnover rates with several substrates, including penicillins, cephalosporins and carbapenems. Compared with VIM-1, VIM-2 is more susceptible to inactivation by chelators, indicating that the zinc ions of the latter are probably more loosely bound. These data indicated that at least some of the amino acid differences between the two proteins have functional significance. Molecular modelling of the two enzymes identified some amino acid substitutions, including those at positions 223, 224 and 228 (in the BBL numbering), that could be relevant to the changes in catalytic behaviour. [less ▲]

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See detailStripe patterns in self-stratification experiments
Lecocq, N.; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg

in Fractals-Complex Geometry Patterns and Scaling in Nature and Society (2003), 11(Suppl. S), 259-269

We report pattern formation of complex stripes with binary and ternary granular mixtures. Ternary mixtures lead to a particular ordering of the strates which was not accounted for in former explanations ... [more ▼]

We report pattern formation of complex stripes with binary and ternary granular mixtures. Ternary mixtures lead to a particular ordering of the strates which was not accounted for in former explanations. Bouncing grains are found to have an important effect on strate formation. A complementary mechanism for self-stratification of binary and ternary granular mixtures is proposed. This mechanism leads to a simple model. Eventually we report the observation of self-stratification for a binary mixture of grains of the same size but with different shapes. [less ▲]

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See detailLire ou ne pas lire : état de la question
Baye, Ariane ULg; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg; Vanhulle, Sabine

in Cahiers du Centre de Lecture publique de la Communauté française (2003), 4

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See detailRadiative lifetime and oscillator strength determinations in SmIII
Biémont, Emile ULg; Garnir, Henri-Pierre ULg; Litzen, U. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 399(1), 343-349

Radiative lifetimes of 6 levels belonging to the 4f(5)((6)Hdegrees, (6)Fdegrees)5d configuration of Sm III have been measured for the first time using a time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence technique ... [more ▼]

Radiative lifetimes of 6 levels belonging to the 4f(5)((6)Hdegrees, (6)Fdegrees)5d configuration of Sm III have been measured for the first time using a time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence technique. Experimental data have been compared with semi-empirical calculations. The agreement is excellent for 4 levels with (6)Fdegrees as a parent term. Larger discrepancies (53 and 37%) are observed for 2 levels with (6)Hdegrees and (6)Fdegrees, respectively, as a parent term and are explainable by strong mixing and cancellation effects occurring in the line strength calculations which are responsible of "instabilities" occurring in the lifetimes considered as a function of J value within the term. Branching ratios for the lines depopulating the levels of interest have been measured by Fourier transform spectroscopy. A first set of oscillator strengths has been deduced for this ion. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of polyisoprene-block-poly(methyl methacrylate) domain sizes using 1H spin diffusion
Werkhoven, Thekla M; Mulder, Fokko M; Zune, Catherine et al

in Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics (2003), 204(1), 46-51

The microphase structure of polyisoprene-block-poly(methyl methacrylate) diblock copolymers was studied using solid-state NMR techniques. Wideline separation spectroscopy reveals a narrow interphase ... [more ▼]

The microphase structure of polyisoprene-block-poly(methyl methacrylate) diblock copolymers was studied using solid-state NMR techniques. Wideline separation spectroscopy reveals a narrow interphase between the two polymers. The domain sizes of a lamellar sample and a sample with hexagonally ordered cylinders were determined using 1H spin diffusion. The lamellar sample shows a domain size of 16 ± 2 nm for the minor polyisoprene phase and a long period of 33 ± 4 nm. The cylindrical structure has a long period of 38 ± 7 nm, the diameter of the PMMA cylinders is 21 ± 4 nm. These results are about 20% below the estimates obtained from theoretical calculations according to Helfand and Wasserman [less ▲]

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See detailThree-dimensional structure of FEZ-1, a monomeric subclass B3 metallo-beta-lactamase from Fluoribacter gormanii, in native form and in complex with D-captopril
Garcia-Saez, I.; Mercuri, Paola ULg; Papamicael, C. et al

in Journal of Molecular Biology (2003), 325(4), 651-660

The beta-lactamases are involved in bacterial resistance to penicillin and related compounds. Members of the metallo-enzyme class are now found in many pathogenic bacteria and are thus becoming of major ... [more ▼]

The beta-lactamases are involved in bacterial resistance to penicillin and related compounds. Members of the metallo-enzyme class are now found in many pathogenic bacteria and are thus becoming of major clinical importance. The structures of the Zn-beta-lactamase from Fluoribacter gormanii (FEZ-1) in the native and in the complex form are reported here. FEZ-I is a monomeric enzyme, which possesses two zinc-binding sites. These structures are discussed in comparison with those of the tetrameric L1 enzyme produced by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. From this analysis, amino acids involved in the oligomerization of L1 are clearly identified. Despite the similarity in fold, the active site of FEZ-1 was found to be significantly different. Two residues, which were previously implicated in function, are not present in L1 or in FEZ-1. The broad-spectrum substrate profile of Zn-beta-lactamases arises from the rather wide active-site cleft, where various P-lactam compounds can be accommodated. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailProbing of the reaction progress at a PMMA/PS interface by using anthracene-labeled reactive PS chains
Yin, Zhihui; Koulic, Christian; Pagnoulle, Christophe et al

in Langmuir (2003), 19(2), 453-457

The progress of the interfacial reaction of polystyrene chains end-capped by a primary amine (PS-NH2) and PMMA chains end-capped by an anhydride (PMMA-anh) has been monitored by SEC-UV, by using ... [more ▼]

The progress of the interfacial reaction of polystyrene chains end-capped by a primary amine (PS-NH2) and PMMA chains end-capped by an anhydride (PMMA-anh) has been monitored by SEC-UV, by using anthracene-labeled polystyrene chains (anth-PS-NH2) as a probe. Assemblies of an anth-PS-NH2 layer and a PMMA-anh layer were annealed at 200 degreesC for various periods of time. The interfacial reaction rate depends on the molecular weight (MW) of the reactive precursors in relation to the gammaN value of the chains. For chains of low gammaN (chiN = 6), the reaction is faster because the interface becomes more diffuse with time, as observed by TEM and AFM, consistent with compatibilization of the weakly immiscible polymers by the copolymer formed in-situ. For chains of higher molecular weight and chiN (10, instead of 6), the interface is much sharper and the residence time at the interface of the symmetric diblock copolymer of higher molecular weight is also increased, which dramatically restricts the progress of the interfacial reaction under the annealing conditions used in this work. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of uncertainty in analytical measurements from collaborative study results on the analysis of a phenoxymethylpenicillin sample
Dehouck, Pieter; Vander Heyden, Yvan; Smeyers-Verbeke, Johanna et al

in Analytica Chimica Acta (2003), 481

The correct interpretation of a measurement result requires knowledge about its uncertainty. Depending on the conditions under which the analyst is operating, different operational definitions of ... [more ▼]

The correct interpretation of a measurement result requires knowledge about its uncertainty. Depending on the conditions under which the analyst is operating, different operational definitions of uncertainty have been proposed. They include: within-laboratory uncertainty, reproducibility uncertainty, bias-included uncertainty and absolute uncertainty. Here we consider the evaluation of the reproducibility uncertainty derived from the results obtained in an inter-laboratory experiment. Nine laboratories participated in an inter-laboratory study for the analysis of phenoxymethylpenicillin. The analyses consisted of a Karl–Fischer water determination, an acid–base titration to assay phenoxymethylpenicillin and a liquid chromatography (LC) method to determine 4-hydroxyphenoxymethylpenicillin and other impurities. The experimental set-up allowed to obtain for each determination s2 r and s2L as estimates of the repeatability variance (σ2r ) and the between-laboratory variance (σ2L), respectively. The reproducibility uncertainties for the different assays were then derived from these estimates. [less ▲]

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See detailProperties of molten Ge chalcogenides: an ab initio molecular dynamics study
Raty, Jean-Yves ULg; Gaspard, Jean-Pierre ULg; Bichara, C.

in Journal of Physics : Condensed Matter (2003), 15(1 Sp. Iss. SI), 167-173

In this study, we perform first-principles molecular dynamics simulations of the eutectic alloy Ge15Te85 at five different densities and temperatures. We obtain structures in agreement with the available ... [more ▼]

In this study, we perform first-principles molecular dynamics simulations of the eutectic alloy Ge15Te85 at five different densities and temperatures. We obtain structures in agreement with the available diffraction data and obtain a new view of the molten Ge chalcogenides. We show that the anomalous volume contraction observed in the liquid 30 K above the eutectic temperature corresponds to a significant change of the Ge-Te partial structure factor. The detailed structural analysis shows that volume variations observed upon melting in Ge15Te85, as in liquid, GeSe and GeTe, can be explained in terms of the competition between two types of local environment of the germanium atoms. A symmetrical coordination octahedron is entropically favoured at high temperature, while an asymmetrical octahedron resulting from the local manifestation of the Peierls distortion is electronically favoured at lower temperatures. [less ▲]

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See detailStabilization of a cocontinuous phase morphology by a tapered diblock or triblock copolymer in polystyrene-rich low-density polvethylene/polstyrene blends
Harrats, Charef; Fayt, Roger; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Journal of Polymer Science. Part B, Polymer Physics (2003), 41(2), 202-216

The stability against the thermal annealing of a cocontinuous two-phase morphology developed in polystyrene (PS)/low-density polyethylene (LDPE) blends containing 80 wt % PS was investigated. Blends ... [more ▼]

The stability against the thermal annealing of a cocontinuous two-phase morphology developed in polystyrene (PS)/low-density polyethylene (LDPE) blends containing 80 wt % PS was investigated. Blends containing 1, 5, and 10 wt % of a tapered diblock poly(styrene-block-hydrogenated butadiene) (P(S-b-hB)) or triblock poly(styrene-block-hydrogenated butadiene-block-styrene) (P(S-hB-S)) copolymer were melt-blended with roll-mill mixing equipment. The efficiency of each of the two copolymers in stabilizing against coalescence the cocontinuous morphology was examined. The tensile properties of the resulting blends, annealed and nonannealed, were also examined in relation to the morphology induced by thermal annealing. The phase morphology was studied by optical and scanning electron microscopy. With computer-aided image analysis, it was possible to obtain a measurable characteristic parameter to quantify the cocontinuous phase morphology. When it was necessary, the extraction of one phase with a selective solvent was performed. Although the observed differences were subtle, the tapered diblock exhibited a more efficient compatibilizing activity than the triblock copolymer, particularly at a low concentration of about 2 wt %. The superiority of the tapered diblock over the triblock might be due to its ability to quantitatively locate at the LDPE/PS interface and consequently form a more efficient barrier against the subsequent breakup of the elongated structures of the cocontinuous phase morphology. The tensile properties of the triblock-modified blends were more sensitive to thermal annealing than the tapered-modified ones. This deficiency was ascribed to the phase morphology coarsening of the dispersed polyethylene phase. [less ▲]

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See detailAlong or across front survey strategy? An operational example at an unstable front
Rixen, Michel; Allen, J. T.; Alderson, S. et al

in Geophysical Research Letters (2003), 30(1),

[1] We present results of the optimization of near-real time on-board sampling strategy in the Iceland-Faroes oceanic frontal area, based on the outputs of a mesoscale 3D operational data assimilation ... [more ▼]

[1] We present results of the optimization of near-real time on-board sampling strategy in the Iceland-Faroes oceanic frontal area, based on the outputs of a mesoscale 3D operational data assimilation forecasting experiment. By minimizing a root mean square error cost function, we show that in this example an along-front sampling strategy, i.e. with transects parallel to the front, produces smaller errors in temperature, salinity, nitrate, phytoplankton, and zooplankton fields, as a result of a combination of the direction of the sampling of the front and errors associated with the asynopticy of observations (Doppler effect). This is contrary to the classic across-front sampling strategies that are used in most field experiments reported in the literature, i.e. where transects are perpendicular to the front. A control model shows that at these spatio-temporal scales, the along front sampling strategy is optimal when the frontal instability has sufficiently developed. [less ▲]

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See detailSex differences in the distribution of the steroid receptor coactivator SRC-1 in the song control nuclei of male and female canaries
Charlier, Thierry ULg; Balthazart, Jacques ULg; Ball, Gregory F

in Brain Research (2003), 959(2), 263-274

The steroid receptor coactivator SRC-1 modulates ligand-dependent transactivation of several nuclear receptors, including the receptors for sex steroid hormones. The distribution of SRC-1 transcripts was ... [more ▼]

The steroid receptor coactivator SRC-1 modulates ligand-dependent transactivation of several nuclear receptors, including the receptors for sex steroid hormones. The distribution of SRC-1 transcripts was analyzed here by in situ hybridization in coronal sections through the brain of male and female canaries. A broad but heterogeneous distribution of SRC-1 transcripts was observed with high numbers of densely labeled cells being present in many steroid-sensitive areas including the medial preoptic nucleus, several hypothalamic nuclei, five song control nuclei (HVc, the lateral and medial portion of the magnocellular nucleus of the anterior neostriatum, area X and the nucleus uvaeformis) and several catecholaminergic areas (area ventralis of Tsai, substantia nigra, locus coeruleus). The volume of two song control nuclei, HVc and area X were reconstructed based on the boundaries of the cell groups exhibiting a denser SRC-1 expression as compared to the surrounding areas. Sex differences in the expression of SRC-1 were also detected in several song control nuclei. In particular, the volume of HVc based on the high density of SRC-1 expression was significantly larger in males than in females. The effect of steroids on the song control system could be, at least in part, indirect and result from a modulation by steroids of the catecholaminergic inputs to the song control nuclei. The presence of the steroid receptor coactivator SRC-1 in the telencephalic song control nuclei and in the catecholaminergic cell groups that innervate the song system supports the idea that SRC-1 expression could play an active role in the control of singing behavior by modulating estrogen and androgen receptor action at both locations. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferential expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, TNF-alpha converting enzyme and ADAMTS family members in murine fat territories
Vörös, Gabor; Maquoi, Erik ULg; Collen, Désiré et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Gene Structure and Expression (2003), 1625(1), 36-42

ur objective was to investigate expression of A disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) and ADAM proteins with a thrombospondin (TS) motif (ADAMTS) family members in adipose tissue of lean and obese mice ... [more ▼]

ur objective was to investigate expression of A disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) and ADAM proteins with a thrombospondin (TS) motif (ADAMTS) family members in adipose tissue of lean and obese mice. Five-week-old male mice were kept on standard chow (SFD) or on high fat diet (HFD) for 15 weeks, and subcutaneous (SC) and gonadal (GON) adipose tissue, as well as mature adipocytes and stromal–vascular (S–V) cells were harvested. mRNA levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), ADAM-17 (TACE or TNF-α converting enzyme), ADAMTS-1 and ADAMTS-8 were quantified in isolated adipose tissues and cell fractions, and during differentiation of murine preadipocytes. The HFD resulted in a significantly enhanced weight of isolated SC and GON fat pads, and in enhanced blood levels of glucose, cholesterol and PAI-1. ADAM-17, TNF-α, PAI-1, ADAMTS-1 and ADAMTS-8 mRNA were detected in both SC and GON adipose tissue of lean mice (SFD). In SC adipose tissue of obese mice (HFD), the expression of ADAM-17 and PAI-1 was enhanced and that of ADAMTS-1 reduced, whereas in GON adipose tissue expression of TNF-α was enhanced and that of ADAMTS-8 reduced. In lean and obese mice, expression of ADAM-17, ADAMTS-1 and ADAMTS-8 was higher in the S–V cell fraction than in mature adipocytes. During differentiation of murine 3T3-F442A preadipocytes, expression of ADAM-17 and ADAMTS-1 remained virtually unaltered, whereas that of ADAMTS-8 decreased as adipocytes matured. Several ADAM and ADAMTS family members are expressed in adipose tissue and during differentiation of preadipocytes. Modulation of their expression upon development of obesity is adipose tissue-dependent. [less ▲]

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See detailDe novo backbone and sequence design of an idealized alpha/beta-barrel protein: Evidence of stable tertiary structure
Offredi, Fabrice; Dubail, Fabien; Kischel, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Molecular Biology (2003), 325(1), 163-174

We have designed, synthesized, and characterized a 216 amino acid residue sequence encoding a putative idealized alpha/beta-barrel protein. The design was elaborated in two steps. First, the idealized ... [more ▼]

We have designed, synthesized, and characterized a 216 amino acid residue sequence encoding a putative idealized alpha/beta-barrel protein. The design was elaborated in two steps. First, the idealized backbone was defined with geometric parameters representing our target fold: a central eight parallel-stranded beta-sheet surrounded by eight parallel alpha-helices, connected together with short structural turns on both sides of the barrel. An automated sequence selection algorithm, based on the dead-end elimination theorem, was used to find the optimal amino acid sequence fitting the target structure. A synthetic gene coding for the designed sequence was constructed and the recombinant artificial protein was expressed in bacteria, purified and characterized. Far-UV CD spectra with prominent bands at 222nm and 208nm revealed the presence of alpha-helix secondary structures (50%) in fairly good agreement with the model. A pronounced absorption band in the near-UV CD region, arising from immobilized aromatic side-chains, showed that the artificial protein is folded in solution. Chemical unfolding monitored by tryptophan fluorescence revealed a conformational stability (DeltaG(H2O)) of 35kJ/mol. Thermal unfolding monitored by near-UV CD revealed a cooperative transition with an apparent T(m) of 65 degrees C. Moreover, the artificial protein did not exhibit any affinity for the hydrophobic fluorescent probe 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonic acid (ANS), providing additional evidence that the artificial barrel is not in the molten globule state, contrary to previously designed artificial alpha/beta-barrels. Finally, 1H NMR spectra of the folded and unfolded proteins provided evidence for specific interactions in the folded protein. Taken together, the results indicate that the de novo designed alpha/beta-barrel protein adopts a stable three-dimensional structure in solution. These encouraging results show that de novo design of an idealized protein structure of more than 200 amino acid residues is now possible, from construction of a particular backbone conformation to determination of an amino acid sequence with an automated sequence selection algorithm. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-term optical spectrophotometric monitoring of comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp)
Rauer, H.; Helbert, J.; Arpigny, Claude ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 397

We observed comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp) at 4.6-2.9 AU pre-perihelion and 2.8-12.8 AU post-perihelion with optical long-slit spectroscopy. Emission bands of CN, C[SUB]3[/SUB], C[SUB]2[/SUB] and NH[SUB]2 ... [more ▼]

We observed comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp) at 4.6-2.9 AU pre-perihelion and 2.8-12.8 AU post-perihelion with optical long-slit spectroscopy. Emission bands of CN, C[SUB]3[/SUB], C[SUB]2[/SUB] and NH[SUB]2[/SUB] have been covered. Emission of C[SUB]3[/SUB] was detected up to 7.0 AU, and CN could be followed up to 9.8 AU post-perihelion. Spatial column density profiles of the radicals have been used to derive effective parent Haser scale lengths for heliocentric distances beyond 3 AU. Production rates were derived based on these Haser scale lengths. The observations of CN are in agreement with HCN as the major parent molecule of this radical at large distances from the Sun (i.e. beyond ~ 3 AU). We compare the measured CN production rate to sublimation rates of HCN from a simple nucleus sublimation model. The variation of CN production rates with changing heliocentric distance gives no indication for sublimation from the interior and is consistent with very little thermal lag of the nucleus. Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory, Chile, and the Observatoire de Haute Provence, France. [less ▲]

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See detailClose pairs of quasars with different redshifts: New observations and results
Sluse, Dominique ULg; Surdej, Jean ULg; Claeskens, Jean-François ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2003), 397

Burbidge et al. (\cite {burbidge}) argue that the observed number of quasar pairs with small angular separations and different redshifts (typically Delta theta <= 5 arcsec and Delta z > 0.1 ) is not ... [more ▼]

Burbidge et al. (\cite {burbidge}) argue that the observed number of quasar pairs with small angular separations and different redshifts (typically Delta theta <= 5 arcsec and Delta z > 0.1 ) is not compatible with a random distribution of quasars over the sky. After a brief review of all known quasar pairs with different redshifts, we show by means of very simple calculations that the probability of finding the three accepted pairs accidentally is of the order of 10%. We conclude that, under realistic hypotheses, the observed number of quasar pairs with different redshifts is not unlikely. We also present arguments showing that gravitational lensing biases are probably not strong enough to significantly increase the expected number of quasar pairs. The failure to detect with HST a secondary lensed image of the background quasar near the foreground one in these three pairs supports this view. [less ▲]

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See detailNutritionally induced obesity is attenuated in transgenic mice overexpressing plasminogen activator inhibitor-1
Lijnen, Roger; Maquoi, Erik ULg; Morange, Pierre et al

in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology (2003), 23(1), 78-84

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the role of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in adipose tissue development in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS: Transgenic (Tg) mice ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the role of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in adipose tissue development in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS: Transgenic (Tg) mice overexpressing murine PAI-1 under control of the adipocyte promoter aP2 and wild-type (WT) controls were kept on standard food (SFD) or on high-fat diet (HFD) for 15 weeks. The body weight and the weight of the isolated subcutaneous and gonadal fat deposits of the Tg mice kept on the HFD were significantly lower than those of the WT mice. The number of adipocytes in the adipose tissue was similar for Tg and WT mice on the HFD, but adipocyte hypotrophy and a significantly lower ratio of stroma cells/adipocytes were observed in the Tg mice. A significant negative correlation (P<0.01) was observed between expression of preadipocyte factor-1, which blocks adipocyte differentiation, and adipose tissue weight. Fasting insulin and total cholesterol levels on the HFD were lower in Tg than in WT mice. CONCLUSIONS: High circulating PAI-1 levels attenuate nutritionally induced obesity. This may be related to modifications in adipose tissue cellularity affecting weight and plasma metabolic parameters. [less ▲]

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See detailMutuelle communautaire de croissance (MC²) et développement rural à Baham (Cameroun)
Lekane Tsobgou, Dieudonné ULg

in Cahiers d'Outre-Mer (Les) (2003), 221(janvier-Maars), 67-86

A micro-bank for rural development in Baham (Cameroon). The creation of microfinancing institutions for rural activities has enabled rural development to take off in poor countries. In Baham, amicro-bank ... [more ▼]

A micro-bank for rural development in Baham (Cameroon). The creation of microfinancing institutions for rural activities has enabled rural development to take off in poor countries. In Baham, amicro-bank was created with the technical and financial support of such partners as the ADAF and the afriland first-Bank. It aims at combining modern techniques of management and sociocultural values, in order to make as many members as possible benefit by its services. This study focuses on the nature and the functioning of the bank, its means of action and financing, its role in the agro-pastoral development and the socio-economical evolution of the district and of the village. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenomenal characteristics of cryptomnesia
Brédart, Serge ULg; Lampinen, J. M.; Defeldre, A. C.

in Memory (2003), 11(1), 1-11

Qualitative characteristics of cryptomnesia, or unintentional plagiarism were investigated. In Experiment I we compared accurate and inaccurate source attributions in terms of their level of confidence ... [more ▼]

Qualitative characteristics of cryptomnesia, or unintentional plagiarism were investigated. In Experiment I we compared accurate and inaccurate source attributions in terms of their level of confidence using instructions that did not require a fixed number of responses. Confidence was lower for plagiarised responses than for correct responses. Nevertheless, participants provided high ratings of certainty for a large proportion of their plagiarised responses. In Experiment 2 the phenomenological differences between plagiarised recall and veridical recall were compared by using an adaptation of the memory characteristics questionnaire (Johnson, Foley, Suengas, [less ▲]

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See detailLes Guerres d'Emmanuel
Dejasse, Erwin ULg

in 9e Art : Les Cahiers du Musée de la Bande Dessinée (2003), 8

Two of Emmanuel Guibert's works have the Second World War as backdrop: "Brune", his first album, and "La Guerre d'Alan" which he started six yeras later. Erwin Dejasse does a comparative study that shows ... [more ▼]

Two of Emmanuel Guibert's works have the Second World War as backdrop: "Brune", his first album, and "La Guerre d'Alan" which he started six yeras later. Erwin Dejasse does a comparative study that shows how dissimilar they are and to what extent "La Guerre d'Alan" obtained succes in oposition to the earlier work. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 08957 phase II study of topotecan in combination with cisplatin as second-line treatment of refractory and sensitive small cell lung cancer
Ardizzoni, A.; Manegold, C.; Debruyne, C. et al

in Clinical Cancer Research : An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research (2003), 9(1), 143-150

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the activity and toxicity of a combined regimen of topotecan and cisplatin in "sensitive" (s) and "refractory" (r) small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients ... [more ▼]

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the activity and toxicity of a combined regimen of topotecan and cisplatin in "sensitive" (s) and "refractory" (r) small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients treated previously. Experimental Design: Patients with measurable SCLC and progressive disease after one first-line regimen were eligible for the study. Patients were enrolled in two separate groups: r group (patients who failed first-line treatment <3 months from treatment discontinuation) and s group (patients who responded to first-line treatment and progressed 2:3 months after treatment discontinuation). Cisplatin was given i.v. at the dose of 60 mg/m(2) on day 1, and topotecan was administered as a daily i.v. infusion at the dose of 0.75 mg/m(2) from day 1 to 5, every 3 weeks. Results: A total of 110 eligible (68 s and 42 r) patients were enrolled from 24 institutions. The main patient characteristics were as follows: median age 60 (s) and 55 (r) years, median performance status 1 for both (s) and (r). Seventy-four percent (s) and 67% (r) had extensive stage disease, including 22% and 36%, respectively, with brain metastases. A total of 398 chemotherapy courses were administered [median 4 (s) and 3 (r) per patient]. The most frequent and serious toxicity was myelosuppression. Grade IV neutropenia occurred in 62% (s) and 49% (r) of patients, with a 19% (s) and 15% (r) incidence of febrile neutropenia, and grade IV thrombocytopenia in 54% (s) and 44% (r). Most of these toxicities occurred during the first chemotherapy course and led to topotecan dose reduction and/or delay in the following courses. Grade III-IV nonhematological toxicity was uncommon. Five deaths possibly related to toxicity occurred among s patients only. Objective responses have been documented in 20 s patients, 19 partial responses and 1 complete response, (29.4% response rate; 95% confidence interval, 19-42), whereas, among r patients, 10 partial responses have been observed (23.8% response rate; 95% confidence interval, 12-39). Median survival for s and r was 6.4 and 6.1 months, respectively. Conclusions: The combination of cisplatin and topotecan, at this dose and schedule, shows activity and promising results in patients with refractory SCLC, with reversible myelosuppression being the main side effect. Additional development of this regimen, using better-tolerated schedules, is warranted in patients with refractory SCLC. [less ▲]

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See detailSafe treatment of thiopurine S-methyltransferase deficient Crohn's disease patients with azathioprine
Kaskas, B. A.; Louis, Edouard ULg; Hindorf, U. et al

in Gut (2003), 52(1), 140-142

Thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) deficient patients develop life threatening haematoxicity (for example, pancytopenia) when treated with a standard dose of azathioprine (AZA) and 6-mercaptopurine (6 ... [more ▼]

Thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) deficient patients develop life threatening haematoxicity (for example, pancytopenia) when treated with a standard dose of azathioprine (AZA) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) due to excessive accumulation of cytotoxic metabolites. At present, it is generally recommended that these patients should not receive AZA or 6-MP treatment for inflammatory bowel disease. We report for the first time that Crohn's disease patients with TPMT deficiency can be successfully treated with AZA. We illustrate this with three cases where treatment has been successful and toxicity has been avoided by carefully titrating the drug dose. Thus very low TPMT activity demands pharmacogenetically guided dosing. [less ▲]

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See detailHRM practices in a process of organisational change: A contextualist perspective
Pichault, François ULg; Schoenaers, Frédéric ULg

in Applied Psychology : An International Review = Psychologie Appliquée : Revue Internationale (2003), 52(1), 120-143

This paper explores the interactions between HRM practices and contextual factors in a process of organisational change. We first present a typology of HRM models, in line with Mintzberg's organisational ... [more ▼]

This paper explores the interactions between HRM practices and contextual factors in a process of organisational change. We first present a typology of HRM models, in line with Mintzberg's organisational configurations. We then develop a contingent view on HRM issues-highlighting the influence of some contextual factors-followed by a more political view which reveals the power games between the different stakeholders, each of them enacting specific contextual factors. Finally, we give a more concrete understanding of the contextualist framework discussing its application to a case study in the alimentary sector. [less ▲]

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See detailLa détention et l'expulsion collective des étrangers. Commentaire de l'affaire Conka
Carlier, Jean-Yves ULg

in Revue Trimestrielle des Droits de l'Homme (2003), 14(53), 198-222

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See detailDoes radiotherapy have consequences on plasma concentration of toxic pollutants?
Charlier, Corinne ULg; Closon, Marie-Thérèse ULg; Plomteux, Guy ULg

in Bulletin of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology (2003), 70(1), 17-21

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See detailRandom mutagenesis of PDZOmi domain and selection of mutants that specifically bind the Myc proto-oncogene and induce apoptosis
Junqueira, Daniela; Cilenti, Lucia; Musumeci, Lucia ULg et al

in Oncogene (2003), 22

Omi is a mammalian serine protease that is localised in the mitochondria and released to the cytoplasm in response to apoptotic stimuli. Omi induces cell death in a caspase-dependent manner by interacting ... [more ▼]

Omi is a mammalian serine protease that is localised in the mitochondria and released to the cytoplasm in response to apoptotic stimuli. Omi induces cell death in a caspase-dependent manner by interacting with the Xchromosome linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein, as well as in a caspase-independent way that relies on its proteolytic activity. Omi is synthesized as a precursor polypeptide and is processed to an active serene protease with a unique PDZ domain. PDZ domains recognise the extreme carboxyl terminus of target proteins. Internal peptides that are able to fold into a b-finger are also reported to bind some PDZ domains. Using a modified yeast two-hybrid system, PDZOmi mutants were isolated by their ability to bind the carboxyl terminus of human Myc oncoprotein in yeast as well as in mammalian cells. One such PDZm domain (PDZ-M1), when transfected into mammalian cells, was able to bind to endogenous Myc protein and induce cell death. PDZ-M1-induced apoptosis was entirely dependent on the presence of Myc protein and was not observed when c-myc null fibroblasts were used. Our studies indicate that the PDZ domain of Omi can provide a prototype that could easily be exploited to target specifically and inactivate oncogenes by binding to their unique carboxyl terminus. [less ▲]

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See detailPregnancy in rabbits actively immunized against bovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein 1
Banga-Mboko, Henri; Halloy, D.; Perenyi, Zsolt et al

in Fertility and Sterility (2003), 79(1), 226-227

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See detailLaparoscopic liver resection of benign liver tumors - Results of a multicenter European experience
Descottes, B.; Glineur, D.; Lachachi, François et al

in Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques (2003), 17(1), 23-30

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility, safety, and outcome of laparoscopic liver resection for benign liver tumors in a multicenter setting. Background: Despite restrictive ... [more ▼]

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility, safety, and outcome of laparoscopic liver resection for benign liver tumors in a multicenter setting. Background: Despite restrictive, tailored indications for resection in benign liver tumors, an increasing number of articles have been published concerning laparoscopic liver resection of these tumors. Methods: A retrospective study was performed in 18 surgical centres in Europe regarding their experience with laparoscopic resection of benign liver tumors. Detailed standardized questionnaires were used that focused on patient's characteristics, clinical data, type and characteristics of the tumor, technical details of the operation, and early and late clinical outcome. Results: From March 1992 to September 2000, 87 patients suffering from benign liver tumor were included in this study: 48 patients with focal nodular hyperplasia (55%), 17 patients with liver cell adenoma (21%), 13 patients with hemangioma (15%), 3 patients with hamartoma (3%), 3 patients with hydatid liver cysts (3%), 2 patients with adult polycystic liver disease (APLD) (2%), and 1 patient with liver cystadenoma (1%). The mean size of the tumor was 6 cm, and 95% of the tumors were located in the left liver lobe or in the anterior segments of the right liver. Liver procedures included 38 wedge resections, 25 segmentectomies, 21 bisegmentectomies (including 20 left lateral segmentectomies), and 3 major hepatectomies. There were 9 conversions to an open approach (10%) due to bleeding in 45% of the patients. Five patients (6%) received autologous blood transfusion. There was no postoperative mortality, and the postoperative complication rate was low (5%). The mean postoperative hospital stay was 5 days (range, 2-13 days). At a mean follow-up of 13 months (median, 10 months; range, 2-58 months), all patients are alive without disease recurrence, except for the 2 patients with APLD. Conclusions: Laparoscopic resection of benign liver tumors is feasible and safe for selected patients with small tumors located in the left lateral segments or in the anterior segments of the right liver. Despite the use of a laparoscopic approach, selective indications for resection of benign liver tumors should remain unchanged. When performed by expert liver and laparoscopic surgeons in selected patients and tumors, laparoscopic resection of benign liver tumor is a promising technique. [less ▲]

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See detailDescription of the STEELQUAKE benchmark
Molina, F. J.; Pascual, R.; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

in Mechanical Systems & Signal Processing (2003), 17(1), 77-82

A large-size two-storey steel structure with reinforced-concrete slabs was used for a damage detection benchmark. The modal tests at the original and damaged states were performed by impact-hammer ... [more ▼]

A large-size two-storey steel structure with reinforced-concrete slabs was used for a damage detection benchmark. The modal tests at the original and damaged states were performed by impact-hammer excitation. The damage consisted of major cracks at some of the beam-to-column joints and was introduced by seismic testing up to large deformations by means of hydraulic jacks. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPharmacological evaluation of the novel thromboxane modulator BM-567 (I/II). Effects of BM-567 on platelet function
Dogné, Jean-Michel ULg; de Leval, X.; Kolh, Philippe ULg et al

in Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids (2003), 68(1), 49-54

The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of BM-567 ( N-pentyl-N'-[(2-cyclohexylamino-5-nitrobenzene)sulfonyl]urea), a torasemide derivative. on both thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)) receptors (TP) and ... [more ▼]

The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of BM-567 ( N-pentyl-N'-[(2-cyclohexylamino-5-nitrobenzene)sulfonyl]urea), a torasemide derivative. on both thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)) receptors (TP) and thromboxane synthase of human platelets. The drug affinity for TP receptors of human washed platelets has been determined. In this test BM-567 showed a high affinity (IC50: 1.1+/-0.1 nM) for the TP receptors in comparison with BM-531 (IC50: 7.8+/-0.7 nM) and sulotroban (IC50: 931+/-85 nM), two TXA(2) antagonists. We also demonstrated that BM-567 prevented platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid (AA) (600 muM) (ED100: 0.20+/-0.10muM), U-46619, a stable TXA(2) agonist (1 muM) (ED50: 0.30+/-0.04 muM) and collagen (1 mug ml(-1)) (% of inhibition: 44.3+/-4.3% at 10 muM) and inhibited the second wave of ADP (2 muM). Moreover, when BM-567 was incubated in whole blood from healthy donors, the closure time measured by the Platelet Function analyzer (PFA-100) was significantly prolonged (closure time: 215+/-21 s) by using collagen/epinephrine cartridges. Finally, at the concentration of 1 muM, BM-567 completely reduced the TXB2 production from human platelets stimulated with AA (600 muM). These results indicate that BM-567 is a novel combined TXA(2) receptor antagonist and thromboxane synthase inhibitor characterized by a powerful antiplatelet potency. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailThe stem cell mobilizing capacity of patients with acute myeloid leukemia in complete remission correlates with relapse risk: results of the EORTC-GIMEMA AML-10 trial
Keating, S.; Suciu, S.; de Witte, T. et al

in Leukemia (2003), 17(1), 60-67

Variable numbers of CD34(+) cells can be harvested from the blood of AML patients in CR after G-CSF supported mobilization following consolidation chemotherapy. We hypothesized that a decreased ability to ... [more ▼]

Variable numbers of CD34(+) cells can be harvested from the blood of AML patients in CR after G-CSF supported mobilization following consolidation chemotherapy. We hypothesized that a decreased ability to mobilize stem cells reflects a chemotherapy-induced reduction in the number of normal and leukemic stem cells. We therefore analyzed whether the mobilizing capacity of these patients was of prognostic significance. 342 AML-patients in first CR received daily G-CSF from day 20 of the consolidation course and underwent 1-6 aphereses to obtain a minimum dose of 2 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg. Afterwards they were randomized for autologous bone marrow (M) or blood SCT. As a surrogate marker for the mobilizing capacity, the highest yield of CD34(+) cells of a single apheresis was adopted. Patients could be categorized into four groups: no harvest (n = 76), low yield (<1 x 10(6) CD34(+)/kg; n = 50), intermediate yield (1-6.9 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg; n = 128) and high yield ( :7 x 106 CD34+ cells/kg; n = 88). The median follow-up was 3.4 years; 163 relapses and 16 deaths in CR were reported. Autologous blood or BM SCT was performed in 36%, 64%, 81% and 88%, respectively, of the patients assigned to the no harvest, low, intermediate and high CD34(+) yield group. The 3-year disease-free survival rate was 46.7%, 65.0%, 50.4% and 26.9% (P= 0.0002) and the relapse incidence was 47.5%, 30.1%, 43.1% and 71.9% (P < 0.0001). Multivariate Cox's proportional hazards model showed that the CD34(+) yield was the most important independent prognostic variable (P = 0.005) after cytogenetics. Patients with the highest mobilizing capacity have a poor prognosis due to an increased relapse incidence. [less ▲]

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See detailCost Action F3 'Structural Dynamics' (1997-2001) - An European Co-operation in the Field of Science and Technology
Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg; Link, M.

in Mechanical Systems & Signal Processing (2003), 17(1), 3-7

This section is concerned with presenting the objective, the scientific programme and the organisation of COST Action F3 in Structural Dynamics. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

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See detailFire tests and calculation methods for circular concrete columns
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Dotreppe, Jean-Claude ULg

in Fire Technology (2003), 39(1), 89-97

The introduction sets the scene of the present paper i.e. the extensive research works performed at the University of Liege in order to derive acceptable calculation methods for the re design of concrete ... [more ▼]

The introduction sets the scene of the present paper i.e. the extensive research works performed at the University of Liege in order to derive acceptable calculation methods for the re design of concrete columns. It is explained that all previous works have been based on square or rectangular cross sections, for which corner spalling was observed very often, whereas circular section are nowadays becoming more and more popular. In order to examine the influence of the circular shape on the behavior under re conditions, an experimental research study has been performed recently at the University of Liege. This paper describes the test procedure, the observations made, and the values obtained for the re resistance. Theoretical methods have been developed for a quick, safe, and efficient design of concrete columns under re conditions. These methods have been applied successfully to the recently tested circular columns. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Alzheimer's disease on the recognition of novel versus familiar words : Neuropsychological and clinico-metabolic data
Lekeu, Françoise ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Degueldre, Christian ULg et al

in Neuropsychology (2003), 17(1), 143-154

This study explored recognition memory performance for novel versus familiar words in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and normal controls (NCs), using an adaptation of E. Tulving and N. Kroll's (1995 ... [more ▼]

This study explored recognition memory performance for novel versus familiar words in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and normal controls (NCs), using an adaptation of E. Tulving and N. Kroll's (1995) procedure. Results showed that both groups exhibited more hits and more false alarms for familiar than for novel words. The groups did not differ in the recognition of familiar words, reflecting preserved familiarity processes in AD. However, AD patients made more false alarms than NCs in the recognition of novel words, reflecting impairment of recollection processes in AD. A positron emission tomography analysis of clinico-metabolic correlations in AD patients showed a correlation between recognition of novel words and right hippocampal activity, whereas recognition of familiar words was more related to metabolic activity in the left posterior orbitofrontal cortex. [less ▲]

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See detailVagus nerve stimulation in awake rats reduces formalin-induced nociceptive behaviour and fos-immunoreactivity in trigeminal nucleus caudalis
Bohotin, C.; Scholsem, M.; Multon, Sylvie ULg et al

in Pain (2003), 101(1-2), 3-12

Besides its well-established efficacy in epilepsy, vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) may be of potential interest in pain treatment. It has, however, not yet been assessed in animal pain models with the ... [more ▼]

Besides its well-established efficacy in epilepsy, vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) may be of potential interest in pain treatment. It has, however, not yet been assessed in animal pain models with the devices and stimulation protocols used in humans. We have therefore studied in awake rats the effects of left cervical VNS on trigeminal nociception using an implantable electrode and stimulator (NCP-Cyberonics((R)). VNS was applied for 24 h at 2 mA intensity, 20 Hz frequency, 0.5 ms pulse width and a duty cycle of 20 s ON/18 s OFF. As a nociceptive stimulus, we injected formalin into the left mystacial vibrissae, assessed behaviour for 45 min and sacrificed the animals 45 min later. Fos-immunoreactive (Fos-Ir) neurons were counted in laminae I-II of trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC on both sides. We used three groups of control animals: VNS without formalin, formalin without VNS and sham VNS (implanted without stimulation or formalin). Whereas sham VNS had no significant effect, VNS alone increased Fos expression in ipsilateral TNC in addition to the expected increase in nucleus tractus solitarius. It also significantly attenuated the increase of Fos-Ir neurons observed in ipsilateral TNC laminae I-II after formalin injection. If the proper VNS effect on Fos-expression was subtracted, the reduction of formalin-induced nociceptor activation was 55%. VNS also reduced nociceptive behaviour on average by 96.1% during the early phase (0-6 min) and by 60.7% during the late phase (6-45 min) after the formalin injection. These results suggest that VNS applied with a device used in human therapy may have in awake rats a significant antinociceptive effect in a model of trigeminal pain. (C) 2002 International Association for the Study of Pain. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailECL benchmark: Application of the proper orthogonal decomposition
Lenaerts, Vincent; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

in Mechanical Systems & Signal Processing (2003), 17(1), 237-242

The aim of this paper is to apply the proper orthogonal decomposition method to a non-linear system consisting of an experimental cantilever beam with a geometrical non-linearity. (C) 2003 Elsevier ... [more ▼]

The aim of this paper is to apply the proper orthogonal decomposition method to a non-linear system consisting of an experimental cantilever beam with a geometrical non-linearity. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailCoût d'oeil
Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg

in Cahiers de Psychologie Clinique (2003)

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See detailWorking group 3- Identification of non-linear systems
Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg; Lenaerts, V. et al

in Mechanical Systems & Signal Processing (2003), 17(1), 177-178

Researchers in structural dynamics have long recognised the importance of diagnosing and modelling non-linearity. The last 20 years have witnessed a shift in emphasis from single degree-of-freedom (sdof ... [more ▼]

Researchers in structural dynamics have long recognised the importance of diagnosing and modelling non-linearity. The last 20 years have witnessed a shift in emphasis from single degree-of-freedom (sdof) to multi-degree-of-freedom (mdof) non-linear structural dynamics. The main feature of the program of COST F3 Working Group 3 was to identify the behaviour of a structure which exhibits a localised non-linear component. Inside this working group, two benchmarks were defined and studied intensively, thereby allowing to evaluate different identification methods and compare their efficiency and specificity. For this purpose, a large amount of data (time and frequency measurements) was collected and proposed to COST F3 participants. The two benchmarks that are described in the following are: * The VTT benchmark proposed by M. Juntunen from the VTT Technical Research of Finland; * The ECL benchmark proposed by F. Thouverez from the Ecole Centrale de Lyon (France). The VTT benchmark is essentially one-dimensional but with a type of non-linearity that is not known a priori. This is different from the ECL benchmark designed to implement a cubic stiffness hardening but which address mdof systems. The ECL benchmark was challenging in the sense that the considered structure is continuous and that several modes participate in the response. *Supported by a grant from the Belgian National Fund for Scientific Research. # 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEarly reactions of light-induced protochlorophyllide and chlorophyllide transformations analyzed in vivo at room temperature with a diode array spectrofluorometer
Boddi, B.; Popovic, R.; Franck, Fabrice ULg

in Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B : Biology (2003), 69(1), 31-39

The steps of protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) photoreduction and subsequent chlorophyllide (Chlide) transformations which occur in the seconds to minutes time-scale were studied using a diode array ... [more ▼]

The steps of protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) photoreduction and subsequent chlorophyllide (Chlide) transformations which occur in the seconds to minutes time-scale were studied using a diode array spectrofluorometer in dark-grown barley leaves. The intensity of the excitation light was varied between 3 and 2500 mumol m(-2) s(-1) and a series of fluorescence spectra were recorded at room temperature in the seconds and minutes time scales. In certain experiments, 77-K emission spectra were measured with the same equipment. The high quality of the spectra allowed us to run spectral resolution studies which proved the occurrence, at room temperature, of multiple Pchlide and Chlide forms found previously in 77-K spectra. The comparison of the 77-K and room-temperature spectra showed that the fluorescence yields of the nonphotoactive 633-nm Pchlide form and of the Chlide product emitting at 678 nm were temperature independent. The fluorescence intensity of aggregated NADPH-pigment-POR complexes (photoactive 656-nm Pchlide and 693-nm Chlide forms) were strongly increased at 77 K, while that of the NADP(+)-Chlide-POR (684-686-nm Chlide form) was much less affected by temperature. Information was obtained also about the dynamics of the transformation of pigment forms in the light at different photon densities. At low light intensities, the phototransformation of the 642-644-nm Pchlide form was faster than that of the 654-656-nm form. The relative amplitudes of Gaussian components related to different Chlide forms found after exposure to a constant amount of photons strongly depended on the light intensity used. Strong quenching of all Chlide components occurred upon prolonged exposure to high intensity light. These effects are discussed by considering the interconversion processes between different forms of the pigment-protein complexes, their relative fluorescence yields and energy migration processes. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailResults obtained by minimising natural frequency and mac-value errors of a beam model
Thonon, C.; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

in Mechanical Systems & Signal Processing (2003), 17(1), 65-72

This paper reports the procedure followed by the 'LTAS-Vibrations et Identification des Structures' research group to generate a low-order finite element (FE) model of the GARTEUR SM-AG19 structure. The ... [more ▼]

This paper reports the procedure followed by the 'LTAS-Vibrations et Identification des Structures' research group to generate a low-order finite element (FE) model of the GARTEUR SM-AG19 structure. The model is made of beam elements, local inertia and rigid body elements. The philosophy of the updating method is first based on the correlation of the experimental data with the results of the FE model and on the localisation of errors in the model. Updating parameters are then selected using eigenvalue sensitivity and model error localisation analyses. After updating, the quality of the FE model is assessed in terms of accuracy of the response prediction to structural modifications. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailModal identification and damage detection using the data-driven stochastic subspace and ARMAV methods
Bodeux, Jean-Bernard; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

in Mechanical Systems & Signal Processing (2003), 17(1), 83-89

This paper presents results of modal identification and damage detection on the Steel-Quake structure using the autoregressive moving average vector and data-driven stochastic subspace methods. The ... [more ▼]

This paper presents results of modal identification and damage detection on the Steel-Quake structure using the autoregressive moving average vector and data-driven stochastic subspace methods. The methods directly work with the recorded time signals and allow to analyse linear systems where only the system output is measured, while the input is unknown but produced by uncorrelated random signals. These techniques can also be used directly to analyse data obtained from the free response of linear systems. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAnatomical relationships between aromatase-immunoreactive neurons and nitric oxide synthase as evidenced by NOS immunohistochemistry or NADPH diaphorase histochemistry in the quail forebrain
Balthazart, Jacques ULg; Panzica, G. C.; Krohmer, R. W.

in Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy (2003), 25(1), 39-51

In Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica), previous studies indicated that the distribution of reduced nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) diaphorase overlaps with steroid-sensitive areas that contain ... [more ▼]

In Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica), previous studies indicated that the distribution of reduced nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) diaphorase overlaps with steroid-sensitive areas that contain dense populations of aromatase-immunoreactive (ARO-ir) cells. We investigated here the anatomical relationships between aromatase (ARO) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS)containing cells that were visualized both by NOS-immunohistochemistry and NADPH-histochemistry. The distribution of ARO-ir and of NADPH-positive cells in the forebrain observed here matched exactly the distribution previously reported. The distribution of NOS-immunoreactive material in the vicinity of ARO-ir cell groups appeared similar to the distribution of NADPH-positive structures previously identified by histochemistry. The number of NOS-immunoreactive cells was similar to the number of NADPH-positive cells and them were found in the same brain regions. In contrast. few NOS-immunoreactive fibers were observed whereas numerous NADPH-positive fibers and Punctuate structures were present in many areas. Major groups of NOS-immunoreactive/ NADPH-positive neurons were adjacent to the main ARO-ir cell groups, such as the medial preoptic nucleus. the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and the nucleus ventromedialis hypothalamic. Hove ever. examination of adjacent sections indicated that there is very little overlap between the NOS-immunoreactive and ARO-ir cell populations. This notion got further support by double-labeled sections where no double-labeled cells could be identified. In sections stained simultaneously by histochemistry for NADPH and immunohistochemistry for ARO, many NADPH-positive fibers and punctate structures were closely associated with ARO-ir perikarya. Taken together, the present data indicate that NOS is not or very rarely colocalized with ARO but that NOS inputs are closely associated with ARO-ir cells. Based on previous work in a variety of model systems. it can be hypothesized that these inputs modulate the expression or activity of ARO in the quail brain. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation between radiographic severity of knee osteoarthritis and future disease progression. Results from a 3-year prospective, placebo-controlled study evaluating the effect of glucosamine sulfate.
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Honore, Aline; Ethgen, Olivier ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2003), 11(1), 1-5

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between baseline radiographic severity of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and the importance of long-term joint space narrowing. DESIGN: Sub-analysis from a three-year ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between baseline radiographic severity of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and the importance of long-term joint space narrowing. DESIGN: Sub-analysis from a three-year randomized, placebo-controlled, prospective study, of 212 patients with knee OA, recruited in an osteoarthritic outpatient clinic and having been part of a study evaluating the effect of glucosamine sulfate on symptom and structure modification in knee OA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Measurements of mean joint space width (JSW), assessed by a computer-assisted method, were performed at baseline and after 3 years, on weightbearing anteroposterior knee radiographs. RESULTS: In the placebo group, baseline JSW was significantly and negatively correlated with the joint space narrowing observed after 3 years (r=-0.34, P=0.003). In the lowest quartile of baseline mean JSW (<4.5mm), the JSW increased after 3 years by (mean (S.D.)) 3.8% (23.8) in the placebo group and 6.2% (17.5) in the glucosamine sulfate group. The difference between the two groups in these patients with the most severe OA at baseline was not statistically significant (P=0.70). In the highest quartile of baseline mean JSW (>6.2mm), a joint space narrowing of 14.9% (17.9) occurred in the placebo group after 3 years while patients from the glucosamine sulfate group only experienced a narrowing of 6.0% (15.1). Patients with the most severe OA at baseline had a RR of 0.42 (0.17-1.01) to experience a 0.5mm joint space narrowing over 3 years, compared to those with the less affected joint. In patients with mild OA, i.e. in the highest quartile of baseline mean JSW, glucosamine sulfate use was associated with a trend (P=0.10) towards a significant reduction in joint space narrowing. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that patients with the less severe radiographic knee OA will experience, over 3 years, the most dramatic disease progression in terms of joint space narrowing. Such patients may be particularly responsive to structure-modifying drugs. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of manipulation and irrelevant noise on working memory capacity of patients with Alzheimer's dementia
Belleville, Sylvie; Rouleau, Nancy; Van der Linden, Martial ULg et al

in Neuropsychology (2003), 17(1), 69-81

The effect of manipulation and distracting noise on immediate serial recall was measured in patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT), neurologically healthy elderly individuals and young adults ... [more ▼]

The effect of manipulation and distracting noise on immediate serial recall was measured in patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT), neurologically healthy elderly individuals and young adults. In experiment 1, the authors compared serial word recall with word recall in alphabetical order. Alphabetical recall requires the active manipulation of the contents of working memory. Findings indicated that DAT patients were severely impaired in the alphabetical recall task, whereas the performance of neurologically healthy elderly participants was comparable with the performance of young adult participants. In experiment 2, the authors investigated the effect of different irrelevant auditory backgrounds on immediate digit recall. In this task, both elderly participants and DAT patients performed similarly to the group of young adult participants, indicating comparable efficacy to resist auditory distraction. [less ▲]

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See detailLes anevrysmes ventriculaires: principes de leur traitement chirurgical
Radermecker, M.A.; Moscato, A.; Coimbra, C. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2003), 58(1), 33-6

After reviewing the historical background, the morphology and physiopathology of left ventricular aneurysms, the authors review the physiology, the technical aspects, and the current surgical indications ... [more ▼]

After reviewing the historical background, the morphology and physiopathology of left ventricular aneurysms, the authors review the physiology, the technical aspects, and the current surgical indications of aneurysmectomy, with a particular emphasis on the concept of endoventriculoplasty of Jatene [less ▲]

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See detailNew nanocomposite materials based on plasticized poly(L-lactide) and organo-modified montmorillonites: thermal and morphological study
Paul, Marie-Amélie; Degée, Philippe; Henrist, Catherine ULg et al

in Polymer (2003), 44(2), 443-450

Plasticized poly(L-lactide) (PLA) based nanocomposites were prepared by melt blending of the matrix with 20 wt% of poly(ethyleneglycol) 1000 (PEG 1000) and different amounts of montmorillonite, organo ... [more ▼]

Plasticized poly(L-lactide) (PLA) based nanocomposites were prepared by melt blending of the matrix with 20 wt% of poly(ethyleneglycol) 1000 (PEG 1000) and different amounts of montmorillonite, organo-modified or not. The intercalation of the polymer chains between the aluminosilicates layers and morphological structure of the filled PLAs were analysed by wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS). Thermogravimetric analyses (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were performed to study the thermal behaviour of the prepared composites. At constant filler level, it appears that from all the clays studied, the montmorillonite organo-modified by bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)methyl (hydrogenated tallowalkyl) ammonium cations brings the greater effect in terms of thermal stability. Increasing the amount of clay allows to delay the onset of thermal degradation of the plasticized polymer matrix. It was also pointed out, by WAXS and DSC analyses, that it exists a real competition between PEG 1000 and PLA for the intercalation into the interlayer spacing of the clay. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte-rendu de l'ouvrage Interviste a d'Annunzio (1895-1938)
Curreri, Luciano ULg

in ARIEL. Quadrimestrale di drammaturgia dell'Istituto di Studi pirandelliani e sul Teatro Italiano Contempornaeo (2003), 1

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See detailUpdate on GPIIb/IIIa antagonists
Hanson, Julien ULg; De Leval, X.; Kolh, Philippe ULg et al

in Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents (2003), 13

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See detailThe cutting edge of superabrasives quality control
Pirard, Eric ULg

in Industrial Diamond Review (2003), 03(3), 49-50

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See detailEnseigner autrement : une expérience à l’Université de Liège
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Géographes Associés (2003), (27), 183-184

Analyse d'une expérience en pédagogie active développée dans le cadre du cours de géographie urbaine à l'Université de Liège

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See detailNote sur les hétéroptères des cultures maraîchères de plein champ
Colignon, P.; Francis, Frédéric ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg

in Notes Fauniques de Gembloux (2003), 51

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See detailTransmission of chronic myeloid leukemia through peripheral-blood stem-cell transplantation.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; DRESSE, Marie-Françoise ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg

in New England Journal of Medicine (2003), 349(9), 913-4

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See detailOn Iterating Linear Transformations over Recognizable Sets of Integers
Boigelot, Bernard ULg

in Theoretical Computer Science (2003), 309(1-3), 413-468

It has been known for a long time that the sets of integer vectors that are recognizable by finite-state automata are those that can be defined in an extension of Presburger arithmetic. In this paper, we ... [more ▼]

It has been known for a long time that the sets of integer vectors that are recognizable by finite-state automata are those that can be defined in an extension of Presburger arithmetic. In this paper, we address the problem of deciding whether the closure of a linear transformation preserves the recognizable nature of sets of integer vectors. We solve this problem by introducing an original extension of the concept of recognizability to sets of vectors with complex components. This generalization allows to obtain a simple necessary and sufficient condition over linear transformations, in terms of the eigenvalues of the transformation matrix. We then show that these eigenvalues do not need to be computed explicitly in order to evaluate the condition, and we give a full decision procedure based on simple integer arithmetic. The proof of this result is constructive, and can be turned into an algorithm for applying the closure of a linear transformation that satisfies the condition to a finite-state representation of a set. Finally, we show that the necessary and sufficient condition that we have obtained can straightforwardly be turned into a sufficient condition for linear transformations with linear guards. [less ▲]

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See detailLe positionnement multidimensionnel : principes et applications
Palm, Rodolphe ULg

in Notes de Statistique et d'Informatique (2003), (1), 1-32

This note describes some multidimensional scaling methods for two-way, one-mode tables and for three-way, two-mode tables. The methods are illustrated by an example processed by PROC MDS of SAS software.

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See detailCompte rendu de Seuphor. N° spécial d’Archipel, Cahier international de littérature
Robert, Laurent ULg

in Textyles : Revue des Lettres Belges de Langue Française (2003), 23

Compte rendu d'un ouvrage contenant des documents du poète Michel Seuphor et apportant quelques précisions d'ordre biographique sur cet auteur

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See detailCombined enzymatic hydrolysis and HPAEC method for simultaneous analysis of galacturonic acid and neutral sugars of pectin.
Garna, H.; Mabon, N.; Wathelet, Bernard ULg et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2003), 68(2 Pt A), 297-300

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See detailEffect of pressure and temperature upon tin alkoxide-promoted ring-opening polymerisation of epsilon-caprolactone in supercritical carbon dioxide
Stassin, Fabrice; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Chemical Communications (2003), (2), 232-233

Ring-opening polymerisation of epsilon-caprolactone in supercritical carbon dioxide is slowed down by a carbonation reaction, resulting in a positive volume of activation and a higher energy of activation ... [more ▼]

Ring-opening polymerisation of epsilon-caprolactone in supercritical carbon dioxide is slowed down by a carbonation reaction, resulting in a positive volume of activation and a higher energy of activation as compared to polymerisation in a regular hydrocarbon solvent. [less ▲]

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See detailPrimary intraventricular brain abscess.
Lambo, A.; NCHIMI LONGANG, Alain ULg; Khamis, J. et al

in Neuroradiology (2003), 45(12), 908-10

We report a primary intraventricular brain abscess in a 13-year-old boy. We discuss possible explanations for this rare occurrence.

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See detailStrontium ranelate phase 2 dose-ranging studies: PREVOS and STRATOS studies
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Meunier, P. J.

in Osteoporosis International (2003), 14(Suppl. 3), 56-65

The aim of the PREVOS study (PREVention Of early postmenopausal bone loss by Strontium ranelate) and the STRATOS study (STRontium Administration for Treatment of OSteoporosis) was to determine the minimum ... [more ▼]

The aim of the PREVOS study (PREVention Of early postmenopausal bone loss by Strontium ranelate) and the STRATOS study (STRontium Administration for Treatment of OSteoporosis) was to determine the minimum dose at which strontium ranelate (SR) is effective in, respectively, the prevention of bone loss in early postmenopausal nonosteoporotic women and the treatment of postmenopausal vertebral osteoporosis. Both studies were randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-finding studies in parallel groups and lasted 2 years. In the PREVOS study, 160 early postmenopausal women were randomized to receive placebo, SR 125 mg/day, 500 mg/day or 1 g/day. In the STRATOS study, 353 osteoporotic postmenopausal women with at least one previous vertebral fracture and a lumbar T-score < -2.4 were randomized to receive placebo, SR 500 mg/day, 1 g/day or 2 g/day. In both studies, the primary efficacy parameter was lumbar bone mineral density (BMD) measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Secondary efficacy criteria included incidence of new vertebral deformities (in the STRATOS study only) and biochemical markers of bone metabolism. In the PREVOS study, the increase in lumbar BMD from baseline in the 1 g/day group (+ 5.53%) was significantly different from the decrease in the placebo group (p < 0.001). In the STRATOS study, the annual increase in lumbar BMD in the 2 g/day group (+7.3% per year) was significantly higher than in the placebo group (p<0.001). There was a significant reduction in the number of patients experiencing new vertebral deformities in the second year of treatment in the 2 g/day group (relative risk: 0.56; 95% confidence interval: 0.35, 0.89). In both studies, there was a significant increase in the bone formation marker (bone alkaline phosphatase) in the higher-dose group. Urinary excretion of the marker of bone resorption (cross-linked N-telopeptide) was lower with SR than with placebo in the STRATOS study. SR was very well tolerated in both studies. The minimum dose at which SR is effective in preventing bone loss in early postmenopausal nonosteoporotic women and in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis is 1 g/day and 2 g/day, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro stability and immunoreactivity of the native and recombinant plant food 2S albumins Ber e 1 and SFA-8
Murtagh, M.; Archer, D.; Dumoulin, Mireille ULg et al

in Clinical & Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy & Clinical Immunology (2003), 8

Background The ability of an intact protein to reach the circulatory system may be a prerequisite to allergenicity and many allergens, particularly those from plant foods, have been found to be ... [more ▼]

Background The ability of an intact protein to reach the circulatory system may be a prerequisite to allergenicity and many allergens, particularly those from plant foods, have been found to be consistently more resistant to digestion by pepsin than other proteins. Objective This study assessed the pepsinolytic stability of native 2S albumins from Brazil nut and sunflower seed and their recombinant versions produced in Pichia pastoris. The physicochemical stability of native and recombinant Brazil nut 2S albumins and recombinant sunflower seed 2S albumin was also assessed. The immunoreactivity of native Brazil nut 2S albumin and recombinant 2S albumins was compared using serum from patients allergic to Brazil nuts and animals immunized with native 2S albumins. Methods Digestibility was measured in simulated gastric fluid followed by SDS-PAGE. Circular dichroism spectra were used to analyse unfolding, as proteins were denatured by temperature, pH and guanidinium chloride. Immunoreactivity was assessed by immunoblot, RAST and ELISA. Results Brazil nut 2S albumin was significantly more resistant to proteolytic digestion than other Brazil nut proteins. It was also resistant to thermally and chemically induced denaturation. Equally high resistance to proteolytic digestion was observed with sunflower seed 2S albumin. The recombinant albumins mirrored their native counterparts in stability and immunoreactivity. Conclusion The important food allergen Brazil nut 2S albumin is as stable to digestion as is sunflower seed 2S albumin, whose allergenicity has yet to be determined. The 2S albumins and their recombinant counterparts could not be easily denatured by physicochemical treatments. The results suggest that 2S albumin is the only Brazil nut protein to reach the gut immune system intact. The production of properly folded recombinant proteins will facilitate mechanistic studies as well as diagnostic testing and antigen-based therapies. [less ▲]

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See detailCitizenship and Migration - S. Castles and A. Davidson
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in International Sociology (2003), 18(2), 417-418

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See detailProlonged imiquimod treatment and graft-versus-host reaction: histological mimicry in the skin infiltration pattern of the monocyte-macrophage-dendrocyte lineage.
Hermanns-Lê, Trinh ULg; Paquet, Philippe ULg; Nikkels, Arjen ULg et al

in Dermatology : International Journal for Clinical & Investigative Dermatology (2003), 206(4), 361-365

Factor-XIIIa-positive dendrocytes belong to the monocyte-macrophage-dendrocyte (MMD) lineage which is considered to play a pivotal role in the skin response to the immune response modifier imiquimod. The ... [more ▼]

Factor-XIIIa-positive dendrocytes belong to the monocyte-macrophage-dendrocyte (MMD) lineage which is considered to play a pivotal role in the skin response to the immune response modifier imiquimod. The same cells are also boosted in low-grade graft-versus-host reaction (GVHR) with skin manifestations. Both conditions are characterized by specific epidermal damage. The aim of the present study was to compare them using immunohistochemistry to identify MMD subsets and other inflammatory cells in the dermis. We compared 3 cases of long-term (4, 9 and 11 months) imiquimod topical applications on normal skin, 25 low-grade GVHR controlled by immunosuppressive therapy and 25 control cases with normal skin. Compared to the normal dermis, cells of the MMD lineage were considerably boosted in the dermis of GVHR and at the imiquimod-treated sites. By contrast, only minimal accumulations of lymphocytes and Langerhans cells were disclosed in the dermis. The pattern of dermal infiltration by MMD cells was similar in GVHR and after imiquimod treatment. However, intraindividual differences in densities were obvious irrespective of the skin condition. In conclusion, there is great mimicry in the MMD involvement in the dermis during low-grade GVHR and after chronic applications of imiquimod. [less ▲]

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See detailInsectes et communication
Arnaud, Ludovic; Detrain, Claire; Gaspar, Charles et al

in Journal des Ingénieurs (Le) (2003), 87

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See detailLe Mole National Park (Ghana). Une expérience réussie d’écotourisme pédestre
Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Portier, B.

in Parcs & Réserves (2003), 58(1), 3-6

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See detailRezension zu Silke Schlichtmann: Geschlechterdifferenz in der Literaturrezeption um 1800? Zu zeitgenössischen Goethe-Lektüren
Pontzen, Alexandra ULg

in Arbitrium: Zeitschrift fuer Rezensionen zur germanistischen Literaturwissenschaft (2003)

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See detailEinstein oscillators in thallium filled antimony skutterudites
Hermann, Raphaël ULg; Jin, R. J.; Schweika, W. et al

in Physical Review Letters (2003), 90(13),

Inelastic neutron scattering measurements on several Tl filled skutterudites (Tl0.5Co3.5Fe0.5Sb12, Tl0.8Co3FeSb12, and Tl0.8Co4Sb11Sn) all show a sharp peak in the vibrational density of states at 57 ... [more ▼]

Inelastic neutron scattering measurements on several Tl filled skutterudites (Tl0.5Co3.5Fe0.5Sb12, Tl0.8Co3FeSb12, and Tl0.8Co4Sb11Sn) all show a sharp peak in the vibrational density of states at 57 +/- 2 K, which is absent in the unfilled skutterudite CoSb3. Heat capacity measurements on Tl0.8Co4Sb11Sn as compared to CoSb3 are consistent with the presence of a localized vibrational mode associated with the "rattling" thallium atoms in this filled skutterudite compound. Both results are well described by a localized Einstein mode model with an Einstein temperature Theta(E) of 53 +/- 1 K. These data provide perhaps the clearest example of local mode behavior in a concentrated metallic system. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerus clausus en fin de troisieme candidature en medecine: mort annoncee d'une heresie?
Rabenda, Véronique ULg; Boniver, Jacques ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2003), 58(7-8, Jul-Aug), 508-14

Owing to the establishment of a procedure aiming at a reduction of the medical supply (numerus clausus), the French Community of Belgium had decided to introduce, at the end of the third year of medical ... [more ▼]

Owing to the establishment of a procedure aiming at a reduction of the medical supply (numerus clausus), the French Community of Belgium had decided to introduce, at the end of the third year of medical studies (third candidature), a procedure of selective attribution of the certificate allowing for a unlimited medical practice. We assessed the predictive value of the results obtained during and at the end of the first candidature (first year of medicine) for the attribution of this certificate. We studied the results of the 225 students enrolled in the first candidature in medicine at the University of Liege during the academic year 1997-1998, and we correlated them to the subsequent attribution (1999-2000- and 2000-2001) of the certificate. The success of the first candidature in the first or second session is an important predicting factor towards the reception of the certificate. A non-authorization to continue the studies in medicine in case of failure in the first session or a non-authorization to repeat the first candidature in case of failure in the second session would have, respectively, a negative predictive value (NPV) of 91.9% and 97.4% and would allow to restream 111 students at the end of the first session or 39 students at the end of the first candidature. The results of the preliminary assessments mode during the month of January are also highly predictive of the chances to get the certificate. Among the 160 students who have not successfully passed a minimum of 3 exams, only 14 students obtained the certificate. The restreaming of those students would correspond to a NPV of 91.2%. Students who were not successful in a minimum of 2 exams would have less than 5% chance to obtain the certificate. In this case, 109 students would be restreamed (NPV = 95.4%). In conclusion, the selection of the students who will obtain, at the end of the third year of medicine, the certificate allowing them for an unlimited medical practice is obtained, in a large proportion, during the first candidature and especially after the session of January. In view of those results and considering the decree abolishing the selection at the end of the third year of medical studies, one could argue about the appropriateness of the current procedure, chosen by the French Community of Belgium, compared to other solutions prioritising an earlier selection of the future doctors. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of pure prolactin receptor antagonists
Bernichtein, Sophie; Kayser, Christine; Dillner, Karin et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2003), 278(38), 35988-99

Prolactin (PRL) promotes tumor growth in various experimental models and leads to prostate hyperplasia and mammary neoplasia in PRL transgenic mice. Increasing experimental evidence argues for the ... [more ▼]

Prolactin (PRL) promotes tumor growth in various experimental models and leads to prostate hyperplasia and mammary neoplasia in PRL transgenic mice. Increasing experimental evidence argues for the involvement of autocrine PRL in this process. PRL receptor antagonists have been developed to counteract these undesired proliferative actions of PRL. However, all forms of PRL receptor antagonists obtained to date exhibit partial agonism, preventing their therapeutic use as full antagonists. In the present study, we describe the development of new human PRL antagonists devoid of agonistic properties and therefore able to act as pure antagonists. This was demonstrated using several in vitro bioassays, including highly sensitive assays able to detect extremely low levels of receptor activation. These new compounds also act as pure antagonists in vivo, as assessed by analyzing their ability to competitively inhibit PRL-triggered signaling cascades in various target tissues (liver, mammary gland, and prostate). Finally, by using transgenic mice expressing PRL specifically in the prostate, which exhibit constitutively activated signaling cascades paralleling hyperplasia, we show that these new PRL analogs are able to completely revert PRL-activated events. These second generation human PRL antagonists are good candidates to be used as inhibitors of growth-promoting actions of PRL. [less ▲]

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See detailLa problématique de la résistance des pneumocoques aux antibiotiques
Marchal, Valérie; Melin, Pierrette ULg; Hayette, Marie-Pierre ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2003), 58(11), 675-680

Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia and it is also a common cause of sinusitis, otitis media, bacteremia and meningitis. The increasing resistance to ... [more ▼]

Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia and it is also a common cause of sinusitis, otitis media, bacteremia and meningitis. The increasing resistance to antimicrobial agents, now endemic in many countries, reflects an uncontrolled use of antibiotics. A good antibiotics policy and vaccination are at the moment the only way to control efficaciously the increasing antibiotic resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae [less ▲]

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See detailVTT benchmark: Application of the restoring force surface method
Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg; Lenaerts, V.; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

in Mechanical Systems & Signal Processing (2003), 17(1), 189-193

The restoring force surface method is an efficient and reliable technique for the identification of non-linear mechanical systems. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate its utility for the ... [more ▼]

The restoring force surface method is an efficient and reliable technique for the identification of non-linear mechanical systems. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate its utility for the identification of the VTT benchmark. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailRemarques sur l'élaboration de la conscience linguistique des Grecs
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Glotta : Zeitschrift für Griechische und Lateinische Sprache (2003), 79

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See detailInteractions of cryptolepine and neocryptolepine with unusual DNA structures
Guittat, Lionel; Alberti, Patrizia; Rosu, Frédéric ULg et al

in Biochimie (2003), 85(5), 535-547

Cryptolepine, the main alkaloid present in the roots of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, presents a large spectrum of biological properties. It has been reported to behave like a DNA intercalator with a ... [more ▼]

Cryptolepine, the main alkaloid present in the roots of Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, presents a large spectrum of biological properties. It has been reported to behave like a DNA intercalator with a preference for GC-rich sequences. In this study, dialysis competition assay and mass spectrometry experiments were used to determine the affinity of cryptolepine and neocryptolepine for DNA structures among duplexes, triplexes, quadruplexes and single strands. Our data confirm that cryptolepine and neocryptolepine prefer GC over AT-rich duplex sequences, but also recognize triplex and quadruplex structures. These compounds are weak telomerase inhibitors and exhibit a significant preference for triplexes over quadruplexes or duplexes. (C) 2003 Editions scientifiques et medicales Elsevier SAS and Societe francaise de biochimie et biologic moleculaire. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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