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See detailIdentification of Catecholaminergic Inputs to and Outputs from Aromatase-Containing Brain Areas of the Japanese Quail by Tract Tracing Combined with Tyrosine Hydroxylase Immunocytochemistry
Balthazart, Jacques ULg; Absil, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Comparative Neurology (The) (1997), 382(3), 401-28

In the quail brain, aromatase-immunoreactive (ARO-ir) neurons located in the medial preoptic nucleus (POM) and caudal paleostriatum ventrale/nucleus accumbens/nucleus striae terminalis complex (PVT/nAc ... [more ▼]

In the quail brain, aromatase-immunoreactive (ARO-ir) neurons located in the medial preoptic nucleus (POM) and caudal paleostriatum ventrale/nucleus accumbens/nucleus striae terminalis complex (PVT/nAc/nST) receive catecholaminergic inputs identified by the presence of tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive (TH-ir) fibers and punctate structures. The origin of these inputs was analyzed by retrograde tracing with cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) or red latex fluospheres (RLF) combined with TH immunocytochemistry. CTB and RLF injected in the POM or PVT/nAc/nST were found in cells located in anatomically discrete areas in the telencephalon (hippocampus, septum, archistriatum), hypothalamus (many areas in periventricular position), thalamus, mesencephalon, and pons. In these last two regions, many retrogradely labeled cells were located in dopaminergic areas such as the retroruberal field (RRF), substantia nigra (SN), and area ventralis of Tsai (AVT) but also in noradrenergic cell groups such as the locus ceruleus and subceruleus. CTB tracing showed that most of these connections are bidirectional. Many retrogradely labeled cells contained TH-ir material. As a mean, 10-20% and 40-60% of the RLF-containing cells in the dopaminergic areas were TH-ir when RLF had been injected in the POM or PVT/nAc/nST, respectively. TH-ir cells projecting to the POM appeared to be mostly located in the periventricular hypothalamus and in AVT, whereas projections to the PVT/nAc/nST originated mainly in the SN (with significant contributions from the RRF and AVT). These data support the existence of functional relationships between aromatase and catecholamines. [less ▲]

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See detailOptical Spectroscopy of EZ Canis Majoris: Indication for Large-Scale Structures in a Wolf-Rayet Wind
Morel, Thierry ULg; St-Louis, Nicole; Marchenko, Sergey V

in Astrophysical Journal (1997), 482

We have carried out optical spectroscopy of the Wolf-Rayet star EZ CMa during 20 consecutive nights in 1995 January in support of the IUE Mega-project. In parallel with this optical spectroscopy, we also ... [more ▼]

We have carried out optical spectroscopy of the Wolf-Rayet star EZ CMa during 20 consecutive nights in 1995 January in support of the IUE Mega-project. In parallel with this optical spectroscopy, we also monitored EZ CMa using narrowband photometry. The light curve was found to be remarkably stable when folded with the P=3.77 day period, and it had a peak-to-valley amplitude of 0.1 mag. The P Cygni absorption components of He I lambda 3889 and He I lambda 5876 display a similar global pattern of variability as was found for the simultaneously acquired UV profiles. The strengthening of the P Cygni absorption component of these transitions is associated with the maximum of the continuum flux. Conversely, the absorption trough of N V lambda 4604 gradually disappears as the star brightens. Although the emission parts of the lines are variable at different levels, they all show the same pattern of variability, which consists of phase-dependent shifts of extra emission components superposed on the profiles. A strong correlation is found between the continuum-light level and the equivalent width of most transitions. The line skewness and the full-width at half-maximum show a daily recurrence timescale, reflecting the light curve changes. We have addressed in a rigorous statistical way the significance of the variations by calculating the "temporal variance spectrum." For any given line, we found enhanced variability at some velocities, although the whole profile displays a statistically significant level of variability. Arguments against a compact companion as the cause of the observed periodic variability are presented. Instead, our observations strongly support the suggestion in the IUE Mega analysis that the atypical level of variability results from the rotation of a structured wind. We propose that the wind variability of EZ CMa is triggered by photospheric activity, or that the wind is controlled by a large-scale magnetic field. [less ▲]

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See detailComment on ``A model for meteoric magnesium in the ionosphere'' by W. J. McNeil, S. T. Lai, and E. Murad
Fesen, C. G.; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Hays, P. B. et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research (1997), 102

Not Available

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See detailLes constellation (III).
Renson, Pierre ULg

in Ciel et Terre (1997), 113

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See detailThe mean magnetic field modulus of AP stars
Mathys, G.; Hubrig, S.; Landstreet, J. D. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics. Supplement Series (1997), 123

We present new measurements of the mean magnetic field modulus of a sample of Ap stars with spectral lines resolved into magnetically split components. We report the discovery of 16 new stars having this ... [more ▼]

We present new measurements of the mean magnetic field modulus of a sample of Ap stars with spectral lines resolved into magnetically split components. We report the discovery of 16 new stars having this property. This brings the total number of such stars known to 42. We have performed more than 750 measurements of the mean field modulus of 40 of these 42 stars, between May 1988 and August 1995. The best of them have an estimated accuracy of 25 - 30 G. The availability of such a large number of measurements allows us to discuss for the first time the distribution of the field modulus intensities. A most intriguing result is the apparent existence of a sharp cutoff at the low end of this distribution, since no star with a field modulus (averaged over the rotation period) smaller than 2.8 kG has been found in this study. For more than one third of the studied stars, enough field determinations well distributed throughout the stellar rotation cycle have been achieved to allow us to characterize at least to some extent the variations of the field modulus. These variations are often significantly anharmonic, and it is not unusual for their extrema not to coincide in phase with the extrema of the longitudinal field (for the few stars for which enough data exist about the latter). This, together with considerations on the distribution of the relative amplitude of variation of the studied stars, supports the recently emerging evidence for markedly non-dipolar geometry and fine structure of the magnetic fields of most Ap stars. New or improved determinations of the rotation periods of 9 Ap stars have been achieved from the analysis of the variations of their mean magnetic field modulus. Tentative values of the period have been derived for 5 additional stars, and lower limits have been established for 10 stars. The shortest definite rotation period of an Ap star with magnetically resolved lines is 3.4 deg, while those stars that rotate slowest appear to have periods in excess of 70 or 75 years. As a result of this study, the number of known Ap stars with rotation periods longer than 30 days is almost doubled. We briefly rediscuss the slow-rotation tail of the period distribution of Ap stars. This study also yielded the discovery of radial velocity variations in 8 stars. There seems to be a deficiency of binaries with short orbital periods among Ap stars with magnetically resolved lines. Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory (La Silla, Chile; ESO programmes Nos. 43.7-004, 44.7-012, 49.7-030, 50.7-067, 51.7-041, 52.7-063, 53.7-028, 54.E-0416, and 55.E-0751), at the Observatoire de Haute-Provence (Saint-Michel-l'Observatoire, France), at Kitt Peak National Observatory, and at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. Tables 2, 3, and 4 are also available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html. [less ▲]

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See detailThe puzzling Luminous Blue Variable-like object HD 5980 in the Small Magellanic Cloud.
Heydari-Malayeri, M.; Rauw, Grégor ULg; Esslinger, O. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1997), 322

We have observed the exceptional SMC star HD 5980 during several runs from 1989 to 1995 at ESO La Silla. CASPEC at the 3.6m telescope and EMMI in echelle and long slit modes at NTT were used for ... [more ▼]

We have observed the exceptional SMC star HD 5980 during several runs from 1989 to 1995 at ESO La Silla. CASPEC at the 3.6m telescope and EMMI in echelle and long slit modes at NTT were used for spectroscopy. Sub-arcsecond images were obtained using SUSI at NTT and also an adaptive optics system at the 3.6m telescope. In all our spectra taken before 1994 September HD 5980 shows a spectral type of WN6. The 1994 September spectra were taken shortly after the maximum of the visual light-curve of the LBV-like phenomenon (Bateson & Jones, 1993PVSS...19...50B) and about one month before the observations of Barba et al. (1995ApJ...446L..23B). Near maximum visual brightness, HD 5980 displays a WN11-like spectrum with the HeI lines and the Balmer lines Hdelta and Hgamma showing well-developed PCyg profiles. The sub-arcsecond images (0.17" FWHM), through the near infrared bands J, H, and K, obtained in 1993 and 1996, show no stellar components down to 6.7 mag fainter than HD 5980 in K at a separation of 1.0" and the 3sigma level. For a separation of 0.3" this upper bound is 4.1mag fainter than HD 5980. The observed behavior of this object raises serious problems for our comprehension of the LBV phenomenon in the conventional scenarios of massive star evolution. The present observations cover a crucial period in the evolution of HD 5980 and will therefore be helpful for better understanding this peculiar object especially during its outburst as well as the evolution of W-R stars in general. [less ▲]

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See detailEndogenous nitric oxide production and atrial natriuretic peptide biological activity in infants undergoing cardiac operations
Seghaye, Marie-Christine ULg; Duchateau, J.; Bruniaux, J. et al

in Critical Care Medicine (1997), 25(6), 1063-1070

Objectives: To examine whether preoperative heart failure end cardiac surgery influence nitric oxide production and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) biological activity in infants and whether nitric oxide ... [more ▼]

Objectives: To examine whether preoperative heart failure end cardiac surgery influence nitric oxide production and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) biological activity in infants and whether nitric oxide and ANP participate in the control of postoperative pulmonary vascular tone. Design: Prospective, clinical study. Setting: Tertiary pediatric cardiac intensive care unit in a referral cardiosurgical center. Patients: Nineteen infants (median age 4 months) undergoing cardiac surgery: 13 infants with ventricular or atrioventricular septal defect associated with heart failure and pulmonary hypertension (group 1); and six infants with tetralogy of Fallot, without heart failure (group 2). Interventions: Blood samples obtained from indwelling catheters or bypass circuit outlets. Measurements and Main Results: Nitrite and nitrate blood concentrations (as a marker for nitric oxide synthesis) and the molar ratio of cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) to ANP (as a marker for ANP biological activity) were determined before, during, and up to 24 hrs after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). In group 1 patients, these biological parameters were related to postoperative pulmonary arterial pressure. Preoperative nitrite and nitrate concentrations were higher in group 1 patients than in group 2 patients (p < .02), and this difference persisted during CPB. Nitrite and nitrate concentrations 24 hrs postoperatively were lower than preoperative values in group 1 patients (p < .05) end were unchanged in group 2 patients. An inverse correlation was observed postoperatively between nitrite and nitrate concentrations and systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (r2 = 0.4, p < .05). Group 1 patients had a lower preoperative cGMP/ANP ratio than group 2 patients (p < .05), despite higher ANP levels (p < .005). The cGMP/ANP ratio decreased during CPB in both groups (p < .0001), and in group 2 patients, cGMP and ANP values remained below preoperative values ≤24 hrs postoperatively. A correlation was observed between ANP levels and systolic pulmonary arterial pressure 2 and 4 hrs postoperatively (r2 = .4, p < .05, respectively), but no correlation was observed between ANP biological activity and postoperative pulmonary arterial pressure. Conclusions: Infants with heart failure and pulmonary hypertension have increased nitric oxide synthesis and decreased ANP biological activity; both phenomena may be involved in the pathophysiology of this clinical condition. CPB has no detectable effect on nitric oxide production but does decrease ANP biological activity. In patients with preoperative heart failure and pulmonary hypertension, endogenous nitric oxide appears to play a role in the control of postoperative pulmonary vascular tone. [less ▲]

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See detailStability of Steel Columns in Case of Fire : Numerical Modelling
Talamona, didier; Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Schleich, Jean-Baptiste et al

in Journal of Structural Engineering (1997), 123(6), 713-720

This paper describes the numerical simulations that have been performed within the frame of an ECSC reserch project. This research project lead to the buckling curve that has been considered in Eurocode 3 ... [more ▼]

This paper describes the numerical simulations that have been performed within the frame of an ECSC reserch project. This research project lead to the buckling curve that has been considered in Eurocode 3 for the design of steel colmns subjected to fire. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring Central Action of Acute Antimigraine Drugs in Humans
Schoenen, Jean ULg

in Cephalalgia : An International Journal of Headache (1997), 17(Suppl 17), 12-515-6

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See detailLigated anionic block copolymerization of methyl methacrylate with n-butyl acrylate and n-nonyl acrylate as promoted by lithium 2-(2-methoxyethoxy) ethoxide/diphenylmethyllithium
Nugay, Nihan; Nugay, Turgut; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry (1997), 35(8), 1543-1548

Poly(methyl methacrylate-b-n-butyl acrylate) (PMMA-b-Pn-BuA) and poly(methyl methacrylate-b-n-nonyl acrylate) (PMMA-b-Pn-NonA) diblock copolymers have been successfully synthesized by the sequential ... [more ▼]

Poly(methyl methacrylate-b-n-butyl acrylate) (PMMA-b-Pn-BuA) and poly(methyl methacrylate-b-n-nonyl acrylate) (PMMA-b-Pn-NonA) diblock copolymers have been successfully synthesized by the sequential anionic polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and the n-alkyl acrylate (n-BuA or n-NonA), in a 90/10 toluene/ tetrahydrofuran (THF) mixture at -78°C. When diphenylmethyllithium (DPMLi) ligated with lithium 2-(2-methoxyethoxy) ethoxide (LiOEEM) is used as the initiator, the polymerization of each block appears to be living. Molecular weight and composition of block copolymers can be predicted from the monomer over initator molar ratio and the molecular weight distribution is narrow. Size exclusion chromatography (SEC) supports that no homo-PMMA contaminates the final copolymer. Although the reverse polymerization sequence Pn-NonA-b-PMMA always results in some contamination by homo-Pn-NonA, it has no really significant effect on the final product characteristics. [less ▲]

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See detailBulk polymerization of lactides initiated by aluminium isopropoxide, 2a). Beneficial effect of Lewis bases and transfer agents
Degée, Philippe; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics (1997), 198(6), 1973-1984

A high increase in the bulk polymerization rate of L,L-lactide and racemic D,L-lactide is observed when aluminium isopropoxide is added with an equimolar amount of a Lewis base, such as triphenylphosphine ... [more ▼]

A high increase in the bulk polymerization rate of L,L-lactide and racemic D,L-lactide is observed when aluminium isopropoxide is added with an equimolar amount of a Lewis base, such as triphenylphosphine (P(Φ)3) and better 4-picoline (C6H7N). Polylactide of high molecular weight and narrow molecular weight distribution is accordingly prepared in a controlled manner when the Al(OiPr)3 ; C6H7N combination is used as an initiator over a large temperature range from 110 to 180°C. A secondary alcohol, such as 2-propa-nol, has proved to be an efficient transfer agent, which allows the amount of Al per kg of polylactide to be advantageously reduced. All the alcohol molecules participate in the ring-opening polymerization even at an [iPrOH]0/[Al] ratio as high as 103. [less ▲]

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See detailBulk polymerization of lactides initiated by aluminium isopropoxide, 3a). Thermal stability and viscoelastic properties
Degée, Philippe; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics (1997), 198(6), 1985-1995

The thermal stability of poly(L-lactide) and L/D-lactide stereocopolymers polymerized in bulk with aluminium isopropoxide as initiator was investigated by thermogravimetric analysis, and time and ... [more ▼]

The thermal stability of poly(L-lactide) and L/D-lactide stereocopolymers polymerized in bulk with aluminium isopropoxide as initiator was investigated by thermogravimetric analysis, and time and température dependence of molecular weight and polydispersity. Compared to poly(L-lactide) prepared with stannous octoate as catalyst, the thermal stability of polylactides is remarkably enhanced when the ring-opening polymerization is initiated by aluminium alkoxide. Ultimate mechanical properties and viscoelasticity of these melt-stable thermoplastics have also been studied in relation to the polyester enan-tiomeric composition. [less ▲]

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See detailBlues à Lire: "Swamp Pop & Creole Rhythm & Blues" ( Shane K.Bernard)
Sacré, Robert ULg

in Jazz Hot (1997), (541), 37

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See detailSynthesis of novel conjugated oligomers for second-order nonlinear optics: incorporation of a central spacer as a conjugation modulator
Zhang, Jian Xang; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Journal of the Chemical Society. Perkin Transactions (1997), 2(6), 1209-1216

A new series of second-order nonlinear optical chromophores has been synthesized that consists of a conjugated segment end-capped with an electron acceptor and an electron donor, respectively, and a ... [more ▼]

A new series of second-order nonlinear optical chromophores has been synthesized that consists of a conjugated segment end-capped with an electron acceptor and an electron donor, respectively, and a central spacer intended to modulate the electro-optical effect. Conjugated chains have been tailored with trans-vinylene-1,5-thienylene as the building unit and N,N-dimethylamino and nitro groups as the donor–acceptor pair. Four spacers have been incorporated into the central part of the conjugated oligomers, which range from saturated to totally unsaturated functions, i.e. from methylene to vinylene units. The general strategy relies upon two consecutive Wittig or Wittig–Horner reactions between the spacer precursor and an aromatic phosphonium or phosphonate bearing the strong electron donor and the acceptor, respectively. Two synthetic pathways have been studied. The first procedure is based on the use of a symmetric precursor for the spacer. However, a reaction byproduct is formed, which must be removed and decreases the reaction efficiency. The second approach requires an asymmetric precursor for the spacer, the synthesis of which is a multistep process. In order to evaluate the effect of the spacer, a completely conjugated oligomer has been prepared by the one-step coupling of two conjugated segments end-functionalized by the electron donor and the acceptor, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailRevascularisation coronaire multiple par pontages exclusivement artériels (mammaires internes et artère radiale gauche)
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; Grenade, Thierry ULg; Cao-Thian, S.K. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(6), 377-8

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See detailSuccessful Management of Acute Aortic Dissection in a Heart Transplant Recipient
Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg; Demoulin, J. C.; Detry, Olivier ULg et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (1997), 97(3), 141-4

A case of type III aortic dissection which occurred fourteen months after heart transplantation is presented. Medical therapy was instituted to achieve controlled hypotension. The evolution was favorable ... [more ▼]

A case of type III aortic dissection which occurred fourteen months after heart transplantation is presented. Medical therapy was instituted to achieve controlled hypotension. The evolution was favorable and the patient could be discharged after one month. Hypertension and increased ejection fraction after transplantation could have been predisposing factors via an increase of the shear stress in the aorta. [less ▲]

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See detailLe rapport au capital, noyau dur de la coopération de production
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Economie et Humanisme (1997), (341), 28-33

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See detailEnantioselective Determination of Oxprenolol in Human Plasma Using Dialysis Coupled on-Line to Reversed-Phase Chiral Liquid Chromatography
Ceccato, Attilio ULg; Toussaint, B.; Chiap, Patrice ULg et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (1997), 15(9-10), 1365-74

A fully automated method for the determination of the enantiomers of oxprenolol in human plasma was developed, involving dialysis through a cellulose acetate membrane, clean-up and enrichment of the ... [more ▼]

A fully automated method for the determination of the enantiomers of oxprenolol in human plasma was developed, involving dialysis through a cellulose acetate membrane, clean-up and enrichment of the dialysate on a short precolumn and subsequent chiral liquid chromatographic (LC) analysis. All sample handling operations were executed automatically by a sample processor equipped with a robotic arm (ASTED system). The trace enrichment column (TEC) was packed with octadecylsilica. After conditioning of the TEC with the LC mobile phase and pH 3.0 acetate buffer. After the enrichment step, the analyte was transferred by the LC mobile phase to the analytical column by means of a switching valve. The influence of different parameters of the dialysis process on the recovery of oxprenolol was first investigated using achiral LC conditions. The volume as well as the aspirating and dispensing flow rates of the acceptor solution were the main parameters studied. Oxprenolol was separated on a C18 stationary phase used for the enantioseparation of oxprenolol was a Chiralcel OD-R column which contained cellulose tris (3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate) coated on silica as chiral selector. The corresponding mobile phase consisted of a mixture of pH 6.0 phosphate buffer containing NaClO4 at 0.45 M concentration and acetonitrile (70:30 v/v). UV detection was performed at 273 nm. The method developed was validated. Recoveries for each enantiomer of oxprenolol were about 80%. The method was found to be linear in the 50-2500 ng ml-1 concentration range (r2 = 0.999 for both enantiomers) and good results with respect to intra- and inter-day reproducibility as well as accuracy were obtained. [less ▲]

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See detailREVEREND MILTON BRUNSON 1930-1997
Sacré, Robert ULg

in JAZZ HOT (1997), (541), 37

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See detailThe 37 LRP/P40 polypeptide: a multifunctional pleiotropic molecule involved in tumorigenesis and metastasis - A review
Clausse, Nathalie; Jackers, Pascale ULg; Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg

in Belgian Journal of Zoology (1997), 127(issue 1), 3-11

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See detailReseña de Port-Soudan, de Olivier Rolin, acompañada de una entrevista con el autor
Willson, Patricia ULg

in Espacios de crítica y producción (1997), (22), 61-64

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See detailComment je traite ... une onychomycose par thérapie pulsée
Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(6), 379-81

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See detailAcute Migraine Therapy: The Newer Drugs
Schoenen, Jean ULg

in Current Opinion in Neurology (1997), 10(3), 237-43

In 1996, our knowledge of acute antimigraine therapy expanded in three major areas. First, large surveys have confirmed the remarkable efficacy profile of sumatriptan in clinical practice. No satisfying ... [more ▼]

In 1996, our knowledge of acute antimigraine therapy expanded in three major areas. First, large surveys have confirmed the remarkable efficacy profile of sumatriptan in clinical practice. No satisfying clinical, pharmacokinetic or genetic explanations were found for its major shortcomings: nonresponders, headache recurrence and noncardiac chest symptoms. Second, the novel 5-HT1B/D agonists zolmitriptan (311C90), rizatriptan (MK-462), eletriptan (UK-116,044), avitriptan (BMS-180048) and alniditan (R091274) were all proved superior to placebo for attack treatment, but their advantages over sumatriptan are yet to be analysed in more detail. A higher lipophilicity explains (except for alniditan) their greater oral bioavailability and better central nervous system penetration. A central action now proved experimentally in animals and in humans for 5-HT1B/D agonists such as zolmitriptan may be advantageous for the antimigraine efficacy, but it could also increase sedation. Third, an endothelin (Ro470203, bosentan) and a neurokinin 1 (RPR100893) receptor antagonist were found to be ineffective in migraine. Both compounds are potent inhibitors of neurogenic plasma extravasation in rat dura mater, which might suggest that this pharmacological property does not necessarily predict efficacy in aborting migraine attacks. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of Biotyping, Ribotyping, and Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis for Investigation of a Common-Source Outbreak of Burkholderia Pickettii Bacteremia
Chetoui, H.; Melin, Pierrette ULg; Struelens, M. J. et al

in Journal of Clinical Microbiology (1997), 35(6), 1398-403

Over a 3-month period, six immunocompromised patients developed one or more episodes of Burkholderia pickettii bacteremia and/or catheter infection. Vials of a commercially available, "sterile" saline for ... [more ▼]

Over a 3-month period, six immunocompromised patients developed one or more episodes of Burkholderia pickettii bacteremia and/or catheter infection. Vials of a commercially available, "sterile" saline for injection which had been used for flushing the patients' indwelling intravenous devices were implicated as the common source of the organisms. No further cases were diagnosed once the use of this saline was discontinued. Twenty-six isolates, including 9 outbreak-related strains from case patients and contaminated saline as well as 17 control strains, were tested comparatively by biotyping, ribotyping with EcoRI and HindIII, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) with SpeI. Macrorestriction analysis revealed nine PFGE groups and was more discriminating than ribotyping (seven ribotypes) and biotyping (two biovars). Among the outbreak-related isolates, one B. pickettii type was found by the three typing methods. Furthermore, PFGE was useful for subdividing ribotypes and for distinguishing isolates involved in the outbreak from all epidemiologically unrelated strains. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma Estradiol Concentrations and Pharmacokinetics Following Transdermal Application of Menorest 50 or Systen (Evorel) 50
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg; Deroisy, Rita ULg et al

in Maturitas (1997), 27(2), 179-86

OBJECTIVES: In order to compare the pharmacokinetics of two transdermal estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) systems designed to release 50 micrograms 17 beta-estradiol/day, two studies were performed in ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: In order to compare the pharmacokinetics of two transdermal estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) systems designed to release 50 micrograms 17 beta-estradiol/day, two studies were performed in healthy postmenopausal volunteers. METHODS: Both studies had a cross-over design and incorporated a 1-week wash-out period between treatments. In the first study, Menorest 50 and Systen 50 (Evorel 50) were compared over four days of application in 30 women. In the second, 13 women wore each of the two systems for a total of 12 days each (three patches each for 4 days), and comparison was made during the third patch period (steady state, between days 8 and 12). Plasma 17 beta-estradiol levels were assayed using specific direct radioimmunoassays, and pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by standard methods. All the samples of the first study were re-analysed using a different radioimmunoassay and the results of both assays were compared. RESULTS: In both studies, plasma 17 beta-estradiol levels rose at a comparable rate and reached similar peak levels with each of the two formulations. Levels then remained relatively constant throughout both evaluation periods with Menorest 50, but began to decline after 12 hours in the first study and after 30 h under steady state conditions in the second study with Systen 50. The difference between the two products was statistically significant in both studies. Analysis of pharmacokinetic parameters confirmed the greater bioavailability of Menorest 50. In addition, 17 beta-estradiol levels remained within the suggested therapeutic ranges for relief of acute symptoms and protection against osteoporosis for longer periods of time with Menorest 50 than with Systen 50. CONCLUSION: Since the acute efficacy, long-term protective effects, side effects and risks associated with ERT may depend on critical threshold plasma levels, much attention should be paid to the pharmacokinetic profiles of different formulations. The comparison of these two different radioimmunoassays demonstrates the comparability of their results. [less ▲]

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See detailMyocardial Viability. Stress Echocardiography Vs Nuclear Medicine
Pierard, Luc ULg; Lancellotti, Patrizio ULg; Benoit, T.

in European Heart Journal (1997), 18(Suppl D), 117-23

Myocardial dyssynergy does not necessarily indicate myocardial necrosis in patients with coronary artery disease. The differentiation between viable and non-viable tissue is of great clinical importance ... [more ▼]

Myocardial dyssynergy does not necessarily indicate myocardial necrosis in patients with coronary artery disease. The differentiation between viable and non-viable tissue is of great clinical importance in order to make the most appropriate clinical decision in the individual patient. Several techniques are used to assess myocardial viability. Nuclear medicine gives reliable information on regional perfusion, metabolism and cell membrane integrity, while echocardiography provides real time visualization of myocardial thickening in basal conditions and continuously during pharmacological interventions. The presence or absence of contractile reserve in akinetic regions can be evaluated by pharmacological stress echocardiography. This article presents the semiology of myocardial viability as characterized by these different methods and reviews their relative value in different clinical settings. [less ▲]

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See detailDescription et commentaire de deux approches méthodologiques de la vidéo-évaluation des stages pratiques en didactique des langues germaniques à l'ULg (I)
Simons, Germain ULg

in Education-Formation (1997), (246), 43-49

La première partie de cet article (voir commentaire ci-dessous) porte sur la présentation et l'analyse d'un atelier de vidéo-évaluation des stages d'enseignement que nous proposons aux étudiants de l ... [more ▼]

La première partie de cet article (voir commentaire ci-dessous) porte sur la présentation et l'analyse d'un atelier de vidéo-évaluation des stages d'enseignement que nous proposons aux étudiants de l'Agrégation de l'Enseignement Secondaire Supérieur (AESS) en Langues et littératures germaniques à l'ULg. L'approche "confidentielle" de la vidéo-évaluation est une forme d'AUTOscopie qui repose sur cinq grandes étapes : 1. l'étudiant-stagiaire (E-S) est filmé pendant une leçon qu'il donne dans le cadre de ses stages ; 2. l'E-S exprime son ressenti par rapport à la leçon donnée (auto-évaluation "à chaud") puis visionne la vidéo (évaluation "à froid") ; 3. l'E-S est invité à identifier les différences entre son évaluation "à chaud" et "à froid" ; 4. le formateur complète cette auto-évaluation par son analyse de la leçon filmée ; 5. l'E-S. identifie les axes prioritaires sur lesquels il travaillera dans les stages suivants et le formateur fournit quelques pistes pour faciliter ce transfert dans la pratique. Les principaux avantages et inconvénients de cette approche de l'autoscopie sont abordés dans la conclusion provisoire de cet article. [less ▲]

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See detailAmende et emprisonnement pour infraction : qui est visé ?
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Immobilier (1997), 11

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See detailL'expertise pénale du fond (enfin) contradictoire
Masset, Adrien ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (1997), 20(1997), 792-796

La Cour constitutionnelle belge est à l'origine d'une évolution majeure en procédure pénale en ce qui concerne le caractère contradictoire des expertises ordonnées en matière pénale.

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See detailMacromolecular engineering of polylactones and polylactides. 22. Copolymerization of ε-caprolactone and 1,4,8-trioxaspiro[4.6]-9-undecanone initiated by aluminum isopropoxide
Tian, Dong; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecules (1997), 30(9), 2575-2581

Novel biodegradable and biocompatible polyesters have been prepared by random copolymerization of ε-caprolactone (ε-CL) and 1,4,8-trioxaspiro[4.6]-9-undecanone (TOSUO) initiated by Al(OiPr)3. Copolyesters ... [more ▼]

Novel biodegradable and biocompatible polyesters have been prepared by random copolymerization of ε-caprolactone (ε-CL) and 1,4,8-trioxaspiro[4.6]-9-undecanone (TOSUO) initiated by Al(OiPr)3. Copolyesters of molecular weight (Mn) up to 104 and containing up to 90 mol % TOSUO repeating units have been prepared. The copolymer molecular weight is controlled by the molar ratio of the consumed comonomers and the initiator. The TOSUO constitutive units have been quantitatively deacetalized into ketones, which have also been efficiently reduced into hydroxyl groups without any apparent chain degradation. Therefore, poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) with well-defined content of ketone or hydroxyl pendent groups have been made available. The ε-CL and TOSUO comonomer units are randomly distributed within the copolymers, as assessed by the 13C-NMR sequence analysis. Indeed, the reactivity ratios (rC and rT) have been calculated from the average length of the ε-CL sequences (LC) and the TOSUO sequences (LT) and found to be 1.3 (rC) and 1.0 (rT), respectively. There is an interesting parallelism between the crystallinity and the average length of the ε-CL sequences. Copolyesters containing a molar fraction of TOSUO units smaller than 0.15 are semicrystalline, whereas the incorporation of larger amounts of TOSUO units results in amorphous copolyesters. Conversion of the ethylene acetal pendent groups into ketones and ultimately into hydroxyl pendent groups results in increasing glass transition temperature (Tg), melting temperature (Tm), and melting enthalpy (ΔHm). The thermal stability depends on the copolyester composition, since it decreases as the molar fraction of TOSUO units is increased. [less ▲]

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See detailRadiological Assessment of the Effects of a Full Rolling Motion Shoe During Asymmetrical Bearing
Caudron, Isabelle; Miesen, Myriam; Grulke, Sigrid ULg et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (1997), (23), 20-2

The authors used a new radiological method to assess asymmetrical articular compression of the interphalangeal joints. This method was based on the measurements of 3 angles obtained on dorsopalmar ... [more ▼]

The authors used a new radiological method to assess asymmetrical articular compression of the interphalangeal joints. This method was based on the measurements of 3 angles obtained on dorsopalmar radiographs. Variations of these angles were studied during experimental asymmetrical bearing on unshod feet. It was concluded that 2 angles were interesting parameters to assess asymmetrical articular compression and to define the position of the phalanx in the horny box. Furthermore, variations of these angles induced by experimental asymmetrical bearing were compared without shoe, with a standard shoe and with an orthopaedic full rolling motion shoe. It was observed that the effects of the asymmetrical bearing were reduced when feet were shod with a full rolling motion shoe. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of Six Water-Soluble Vitamins in a Pharmaceutical Formulation by Capillary Electrophoresis
Fotsing, Lucas ULg; Fillet, Marianne ULg; Bechet, I. et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (1997), 15(8), 1113-23

A method was developed for the quantitative analysis of six water-soluble vitamins (thiamine, nicotinamide, riboflavine, pyridoxine, ascorbic acid and pantothenic acid) in a pharmaceutical formulation ... [more ▼]

A method was developed for the quantitative analysis of six water-soluble vitamins (thiamine, nicotinamide, riboflavine, pyridoxine, ascorbic acid and pantothenic acid) in a pharmaceutical formulation, using free solution capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) in uncoated fused silica capillaries and UV detection. The influence of different parameters, such as the nature of the buffer anionic component and buffer concentration on the CZE separation of vitamins was investigated using four vitamins of the B group as model compounds. A good compromise between resolution, analysis time and analyte stability was obtained by use of a 50 mM borax buffer of pH 8.5. This CZE method was found to be very useful for the separation of more complex samples, a mixture of ten water-soluble vitamins being completely resolved in about 10 min. However, cyanocobalamine could not be separated from nicotinamide in this CZE system, the two compounds being in uncharged form at the pH used. These two compounds could easily be resolved by micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC), the anionic surfactant dodecylsulfate being added to the running buffer at 25 mM concentration. In the pharmaceutical formulation, some excipients were found to be adsorbed to the capillary surface, giving rise to a progressive decrease of the electroosmotic flow and consequently to a simultaneous increase of analyte migration times. A capillary wash with sodium hydroxide had to be made between successive runs in order to minimize these effects. Good results with respect to linearity, precision and accuracy were obtained in the concentration range studied for the six vitamins, using nicotinic acid as internal standard. [less ▲]

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See detailHet Congres voor de Vrijheid van de Cultuur
Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg

in Onze Alma Mater (1997), 51(2), 193-211

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See detailSeminoma arising in corrected and uncorrected inguinal cryptorchidism: Treatment and prognosis in 66 patients
Li; COUCKE, Philippe ULg; Tu-Nan, Qian et al

in International Journal of Radiation, Oncology, Biology, Physics (1997), 38(2), 343-350

Image : The purpose of this study was to analyze prognosis and treatment results for seminoma arising in corrected and uncorrected inguinal cryptorchidism (SCIC and SUIC). Image : We reviewed 66 patients ... [more ▼]

Image : The purpose of this study was to analyze prognosis and treatment results for seminoma arising in corrected and uncorrected inguinal cryptorchidism (SCIC and SUIC). Image : We reviewed 66 patients with inguinal seminomas between June 1958 and December 1991 at the Cancer Hospital and Institute of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Of these patients, 23 had prior orchiopexy and 43 presented with an inguinal form of cryptorchidism. At presentation, 17 of 66 (26%) patients had nodal metastases. This nodal involvement was 30% (7 of 23) for SCIC and 23% (10 of 43) for SUIC, respectively. These numbers are comparable with those in a series of patients treated for scrotal seminoma at our institution (26% vs. 20%). However, 3 of 23 (13%) patients who had prior orchiopexy presented with inguinal nodal metastasis as compared with 0 of 43 patients with SUIC or 4 of 237 patients with scrotal seminoma (p < 0.5). There were 49 stage I, 5 stage IIA, 8 stage IIB, 3 stage III, and 1 stage IV patients. All patients underwent radical orchiectomy and received further radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or both. Patients with stage I and stage II disease were treated primarily with radiotherapy, whereas patients with stage III and IV disease were treated with chemotherapy. Image : The overall and disease-free survival at 5 and 10 years was 94% and 92%, 89% and 87%, respectively. The overall 5- and 10-year survival by stage was 100% and 100% for stage I, and 77% and 68% for stage II, respectively (p < .05). There was no significant difference in survival between SUIC and SCIC (93% vs. 96% at 5 years). Four patients developed relapse. Two of these four patients experienced relapse at the inguinal area, due to a marginal miss. Three of four patients with relapse were successfully salvaged, and one died of disease. Image : Our results indicate that prognosis for inguinal seminoma is excellent and similar to that of scrotal seminoma. Postorchiectomy radiotherapy can be considered as the standard treatment for stage I and IIA inguinal seminoma. We recommend routinely including the para-aortic and ipsilateral pelvic nodes. [less ▲]

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See detailInfractions et sanctions d'urbanisme : trois questions d'actualité
Delnoy, Michel ULg

in Formation permanente CUP (1997), XVII

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See detailInhibition of the Blink Reflex R2 Component after Supraorbital and Index Finger Stimulations Is Reduced in Cluster Headache: An Indication for Both Segmental and Suprasegmental Dysfunction?
Lozza, A.; Schoenen, Jean ULg; Delwaide, P. J.

in Pain (1997), 71(1), 81-8

Peripheral as well as central mechanisms are thought to play a role in cluster headache pathogenesis. We have studied recovery curves of the R2 component of the blink reflex after conditioning by ... [more ▼]

Peripheral as well as central mechanisms are thought to play a role in cluster headache pathogenesis. We have studied recovery curves of the R2 component of the blink reflex after conditioning by supraorbital or index finger stimuli in 10 episodic cluster headache (CH) patients during a cluster period and in 10 healthy controls. There was no significant change of R2 threshold, latency or area in CH patients. After paired supraorbital stimuli, R2 recovered more rapidly in patients on the symptomatic side. After index stimulations, R2 recovery was more rapid on both symptomatic and non-symptomatic sides in patients compared to controls. Naloxone (0.4 mg) i.v. in two subjects partially reversed the R2 suppression induced by index finger stimuli. The unilateral decrease of R2 inhibition after a segmental supraorbital stimulus most likely reflects sensitisation in the spinal trigeminal nucleus. Whether the latter is due to irritation of the ophthalmic nerve within the cavernous sinus region, which is thought to be pivotal in CH pathogenesis, remains to be proven. In addition, we propose that the bilateral deficit of R2 inhibition after an extrasegmental exteroceptive stimulus might reflect hypoactivity of reticular nuclei, possibly because of reduced central opioid activity. [less ▲]

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See detailReconnaître sur la peau des signes de maltraitance infantile
Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(5), 320-3

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See detailLe regard fou : Esquirol. La stratégie des interprétations
Strivay, Lucienne ULg

in Voir (1997), 14

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See detailLe monitoring thérapeutique des antidépresseurs
Charlier, Corinne ULg; Ansseau, Marc ULg; Gougnard, Thierry et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(5), 336-44

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See detailComment j'explore ... un patient avec diabète de type 1 inaugural ou a risque de développer la maladie
Philips, J. C.; Letiexhe, M. R.; Paquot, Nicolas ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(5), 363-6

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See detailAcute Changes in Serum Calcium and Parathyroid Hormone Circulating Levels Induced by the Oral Intake of Five Currently Available Calcium Salts in Healthy Male Volunteers
Deroisy, Rita ULg; Zartarian, M.; Meurmans, L. et al

in Clinical Rheumatology (1997), 16(3), 249-53

Several calcium supplements are currently available and many of them are marketed without proper comparison of the bioavailability of the actual preparations. The aim of the present trial was to evaluate ... [more ▼]

Several calcium supplements are currently available and many of them are marketed without proper comparison of the bioavailability of the actual preparations. The aim of the present trial was to evaluate and compare the acute changes in serum calcium (Ca) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels following the oral administration of a vehicle and of five calcium salts currently prescribed in Western Europe. No significant changes in serum Ca or PTH levels were observed after administration of the vehicle. All calcium salts induced significant increases in serum Ca and decreases in serum PTH compared to baseline values. Comparison of the six response curves revealed a significantly greater increase in serum Ca and a greater decrease in serum PTH after each of the calcium salts than observed after the vehicle. However, no statistically significant differences were observed between the different calcium salts for serum Ca increments. The decrease in serum PTH observed after administration of an ossein-hydroxyapatite complex was significantly less important than after the four other calcium salts, even if statistically different than after vehicle. When assessing the area under the curve (AUC) of PTH values, we observed that calcium carbonate and citrate induce a significantly greater decrease in serum PTH than the other calcium salts which are, however, statistically more active than the vehicle. Serum PTH is decreased under the lower limit of the normal range (10 pg/ml), between t60 and t120 for calcium carbonate and citrate and between t60 and t90 for calcium gluconolactate while the mean PTH values remain within the normal range throughout the study with calcium pidolate, the ossein-hydroxyapatite complex and the vehicle. In conclusion, all calcium preparations significantly increase serum calcium and decrease serum parathormone, compared to what is observed after oral intake of a vehicle. However, significant differences in suppression of parathormone are observed between the different calcium preparations and might be of importance for their clinical use. [less ▲]

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See detailOeil en pénombre
Strivay, Lucienne ULg; Gossiaux, Pol-Pierre ULg

in Voir (1997), 14

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See detailInvolvement of 5-Hydroxytryptamine and Bradykinin in the Hyperalgesia Induced in Rats by Collagenase from Clostridium Histolyticum
Damas, Jacques ULg; Liégeois, Jean-François ULg; Bourdon, V.

in Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology (1997), 355(5), 566-70

The involvement of bradykinin, 5-hydroxytryptamine, substance P and prostanoids in the hyperalgesia elicited by collagenase in rat paw was investigated. Collagenase (100 micrograms) induced a slight ... [more ▼]

The involvement of bradykinin, 5-hydroxytryptamine, substance P and prostanoids in the hyperalgesia elicited by collagenase in rat paw was investigated. Collagenase (100 micrograms) induced a slight hyperalgesia in kininogen deficient rats in comparison with the behavioural response obtained in normal rats. Lisinopril (10(-5) M), and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, increased the duration of the hyperalgesia elicited in normal rats. Ondansetron (0.5 to 5 mumol/kg), a 5-HT3 antagonist, suppressed the hyperalgesia as did methysergide (1.1 to 11 mumol/kg), a mixed 5-HT1 and 5-HT2 receptor antagonist. However, the hyperalgesia was not modified by RP 67580 (1.8 to 18 mumol/kg), a NK1 receptor antagonist, and was only slightly delayed by indomethacin (2 mg/kg), a cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor. The oedema-promoting effect of 5-HT (6 nmol) was inhibited by methysergide but not by ondansetron. The swelling induced by collagenase in rat paw was reduced by methysergide but not by ondansetron. We conclude that the behavioural response induced by collagenase depends on an interactions between bradykinin and 5-HT. Prostanoids play a minor role in the beginning of the reaction whereas substance P is not significantly involved in this hyperalgesia. [less ▲]

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See detailLe pied tombant (foot drop). Un problème de diagnostic différentiel
Dubuisson, Annie ULg; Martin, Didier ULg; Lenelle, Jacques ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(5), 355-62

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See detailExpression of Stromelysin-3 in the Human Placenta and Placental Bed
Maquoi, Erik ULg; Polette, M.; Nawrocki, B. et al

in Placenta (1997), 18(4), 277-85

Human placentation is mediated by fetal trophoblastic cells which penetrate into the decidualized uterine endometrium. Trophoblast invasion requires the precisely regulated secretion of specific ... [more ▼]

Human placentation is mediated by fetal trophoblastic cells which penetrate into the decidualized uterine endometrium. Trophoblast invasion requires the precisely regulated secretion of specific proteinases able to degrade the endometrial basement membranes and extracellular matrix. To document further the involvement of these proteinases during human placentation, we evaluated in vivo the expression of stromelysin-3, a member of the metalloproteinase family, during the first and third trimesters of pregnancy, by means of immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization and Northern blot analysis. Human extravillous trophoblasts invading the maternal decidua produced stromelysin-3 during both, the first and third trimesters of pregnancy, but to a lesser extent during the latter. In floating villi, stromelysin-3 expression was restricted to the syncytiotrophoblasts that line intervillous vascular spaces. In conclusion, stromelysin-3 is expressed by differentiated, non-proliferative villous and extravillous trophoblastic cells in early and late placental beds and villi, and its pattern of expression evolves during pregnancy. Our observations suggest that stromelysin-3 could play a role in human placentation. [less ▲]

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See detailCyclosporin C Is the Main Antifungal Compound Produced by Acremonium Luzulae
Moussaif, M.; Jacques, P.; Schaarwachter, P. et al

in Applied and Environmental Microbiology (1997), 63(5), 1739-43

A strain of Acremonium luzulae (Fuckel) W. Gams was selected in screening new microorganisms for biological control of fruit postharvest diseases, especially gray and blue mold diseases on apples and ... [more ▼]

A strain of Acremonium luzulae (Fuckel) W. Gams was selected in screening new microorganisms for biological control of fruit postharvest diseases, especially gray and blue mold diseases on apples and strawberries. This strain manifests a very strong activity against a large number of phytopathogenic fungi. In this work, the product responsible for this antifungal activity was isolated from modified Sabouraud dextrose broth cultures of A. luzulae. It was purified to homogeneity by reverse-phase column chromatography. On the basis of UV, infrared, and 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectra, mass spectral analysis, and the amino acid composition of the acid hydrolysates, the antibiotic was determined to be cyclosporin C. Cyclosporin C showed a broad-spectrum activity against filamentous phytopathogenic fungi but no activity against bacteria or yeasts. Its antifungal activity is only fungistatic. In contrast to Tolypocladium inflatum, another cyclosporin-producing strain, A. luzulae, did not produce additional cyclosporins. This was confirmed by in vivo-directed biosynthesis. [less ▲]

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See detailPolymerization-filled composites prepared with highly active filler-supported Al/Ti/Mg catalysts. I. Synthesis of homogeneous polyethylene-based composites
Hindryckx, François; Dubois, Philippe; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Journal of Applied Polymer Science (1997), 64(3), 423-438

When it is attached onto the surface of an inorganic filler (kaolin, barite), the (BuO)4Ti/BuMgOct/EtAlCl2/Et3Al system is a highly efficient and very promising catalyst for the production of high ... [more ▼]

When it is attached onto the surface of an inorganic filler (kaolin, barite), the (BuO)4Ti/BuMgOct/EtAlCl2/Et3Al system is a highly efficient and very promising catalyst for the production of high-performance polyethylene-based composites. The surface concentration of the hydroxyl groups, the Al/Ti/Mg ratio, and the purity of the reagents have a major effect on the catalyst efficiency and molecular weight, crystallinity, and physico-mechanical properties of the final composite. Under ca. 4 bar partial pressure of ethylene in heptane at 60°C, the optimum Al/Ti/Mg catalyst composition is 120/0.75/10, the efficiency of which is as high as 300 kgPE/(gTi × h) in the presence of kaolin particles (Satintone W/W). The effect of transfer agents, such as hydrogen and 1-octene, and purity of the -olefin has been investigated. Actually, the catalyst efficiency is increased in the presence of both hydrogen and octene. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) has shown that the ethylene was polymerized from the filler surface. Special attention has also been paid to the effect of size, density, and surface acidity of the filler particles. The surface of basic filler has to be treated in order to become an efficient catalyst carrier. [less ▲]

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See detailPolymerization-filled composites prepared with highly active filler-supported Al/Ti/Mg catalysts. II. Properties of homogeneous polyethylene-based
Hindryckx, François; Dubois, Philippe; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Journal of Applied Polymer Science (1997), 64(3), 439-454

Polyethylene-based composites have been prepared by ethylene polymerization with a Al/Ti/Mg catalyst previously deposited on the surface of kaolin (Satintone W/W and Satintone 5) or barite.(1) Molecular ... [more ▼]

Polyethylene-based composites have been prepared by ethylene polymerization with a Al/Ti/Mg catalyst previously deposited on the surface of kaolin (Satintone W/W and Satintone 5) or barite.(1) Molecular weight (M(w)) of the polyethylene matrix has been estimated from melt viscosity under steady shear flow and compared to the value measured by size exclusion chromatography. Tensile stress and strain, Young modulus, and impact energy have been measured in relation to the matrix molecular weight and the filler content. The effect of the main polymerization parameters, such as the Al/Ti/Mg composition, the addition of a transfer agent, e.g., an alpha-olefin or hydrogen, have also been investigated. These tensile and impact properties have been compared to composites of the same composition but prepared by melt blending of the filler and the preformed polyolefin. As a rule, the polymerization-filled composites have an improved mechanical strength compared to the analogues prepared by melt blending. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of an Automatic DNA Sequencer for S1 Mapping: Transcriptional Analysis of the Streptomyces Coelicolor A3(2) Dnak Operon
Brans, Alain ULg; Loriaux, Axelle; Thamm, Iris ULg et al

in FEMS Microbiology Letters (1997), 149(2), 189-94

The transcription start point of the dnaK operon of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) has been determined by S1 mapping, using the EMBL automated fluorescent DNA sequencer. The -35 and -10 hexamers correspond ... [more ▼]

The transcription start point of the dnaK operon of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) has been determined by S1 mapping, using the EMBL automated fluorescent DNA sequencer. The -35 and -10 hexamers correspond to a sigma 70-type promoter. This promoter responds to heat shock and involves an inverted repeat different from the CIRCE sequence characteristic of the Gram-positive heat-shock promoters. [less ▲]

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See detailMacromolecular engineering of polylactones and polylactides. 23. Synthesis and characterization of biodegradable and biocompatible homopolymers and block copolymers based on 1,4,8-trioxal [4.6] spiro-9-undecanone
Tian, Dong; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecules (1997), 30(7), 1947-1954

Homopolymers of 1,4,8-trioxa[4.6]spiro-9-undecanone (TOSUO) and block copolymers of TOSUO and ε-caprolactone (ε-CL) have been synthesized with aluminum isopropoxide as an initiator in toluene at 25 °C ... [more ▼]

Homopolymers of 1,4,8-trioxa[4.6]spiro-9-undecanone (TOSUO) and block copolymers of TOSUO and ε-caprolactone (ε-CL) have been synthesized with aluminum isopropoxide as an initiator in toluene at 25 °C. The homopolymerization is first order with respect to both monomer and initiator, and the end-group analysis agrees with a coordination−insertion mechanism based on the acyl-oxygen cleavage of the TOSUO ring. Living poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and poly(1,4,8-trioxa[4.6]spiro-9-undecanone) (PTOSUO) chains are very efficient macroinitiators for the polymerization of TOSUO and ε-CL, respectively, with formation of block copolymers of a narrow molecular weight distribution. Size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) and 13C-NMR confirm the blocky structure of the copolymers, in agreement with DSC, which shows two glass transitions characteristic of the amorphous phase of PCL and PTOSUO, respectively. The ethylene ketal pendent groups of the PTOSUO block have been successfully converted to ketones and hydroxyl pendent groups without scission of the polyester backbone. These new materials have potential for applications in medicine, surgery, and tissue engineering. [less ▲]

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See detailVariations of the AP star HD 208217.
Manfroid, Jean ULg; Mathys, G.

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1997), 320

We present a new determination of the rotation period of the Ap star HD 208217 based on photometric and magnetic measurements. The variations of this star are remarkable by the strong anharmonicity of its ... [more ▼]

We present a new determination of the rotation period of the Ap star HD 208217 based on photometric and magnetic measurements. The variations of this star are remarkable by the strong anharmonicity of its lightcurves in all colours as well as by the double wave of its mean magnetic field modulus variations. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Intercostal Muscle Compensation for Diaphragmatic Paralysis in the Dog
Brichant, Jean-François ULg; De Troyer, A.

in Journal of Physiology (1997), 500((Pt 1)), 245-53

1. Paralysis of the diaphragm in the dog is known to cause a compensatory increase in activation of the inspiratory intercostal muscles (parasternal intercostals, external intercostals, and levator costae ... [more ▼]

1. Paralysis of the diaphragm in the dog is known to cause a compensatory increase in activation of the inspiratory intercostal muscles (parasternal intercostals, external intercostals, and levator costae). The present studies were designed to assess the mechanism(s) of that compensation. 2. Complete, selective diaphragmatic paralysis was induced by injecting local anaesthetic into small silicone cuffs placed around the phrenic nerve roots in the neck. 3. Paralysis produced a decrease in tidal volume and an increase in arterial P(CO2) (P(a,CO2)). The increased hypercapnic drive was a primary determinant of the increased inspiratory intercostal activity. 4. However, paralysis also produced an increased inspiratory cranial displacement of the ribs. When this increased rib displacement was reduced to that seen before paralysis, it appeared that the increase in external intercostal and levator costae inspiratory activity was commonly greater than anticipated on the basis of the increased P(a,CO2). 5. Diaphragmatic paralysis after bilateral vagotomy also elicited disproportionate increases in inspiratory intercostal activity, thus indicating that these increases are not caused by vagal afferent inputs. 6. These observations are consistent with the idea that the intercostal muscle compensation for diaphragmatic paralysis is, in part, due to the release of an inhibition originating from the contracting diaphragm. This inhibition might arise in the diaphragmatic tendon organs. [less ▲]

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See detailLes constellations (II).
Renson, Pierre ULg

in Ciel et Terre (1997), 113

Not Available

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See detailSteroid Control and Sexual Differentiation of Brain Aromatase
Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Journal of Steroid Biochemistry & Molecular Biology (1997), 61(3-6), 323-39

Brain aromatase (ARO) activity in the quail is markedly enhanced by testosterone (T). This effect only becomes detectable after several hours and reaches its maximum within a few days, which suggests ... [more ▼]

Brain aromatase (ARO) activity in the quail is markedly enhanced by testosterone (T). This effect only becomes detectable after several hours and reaches its maximum within a few days, which suggests enzymatic induction at the genomic level. This idea is reinforced by the fact that T also increases the ARO protein, as observed by immunocytochemistry (ICC) and the ARO mRNA, as measured by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). These changes can be mimicked by the administration of estrogens and therefore presumably require T aromatization. In our first test, injection of the non-steroidal ARO inhibitor, R76713 (racemic vorozole), unexpectedly revealed an increase in ARO immunoreactivity in the preoptic area (POA) of treated birds. This property of R76713 was shared by another non-steroidal inhibitor, fadrozole, but not by two steroidal inhibitors, androstatrienedione (ATD) and 4-hydroxy-androstenedione (OHA). These last two compounds markedly decreased the concentration of brain ARO as estimated by ICC. In parallel, ATD and OHA decreased ARO mRNA concentration measured by RT-PCR but vorozole and fadrozole had no effect on these concentrations in the POA, and only caused them to decrease slightly in the posterior hypothalamus. Together, these data indicate that the removal of estrogens caused by steroidal inhibitors decreases the synthesis of ARO, presumably at the transcriptional level. Additional regulatory mechanisms apparently take place after the injection of non-steroidal inhibitors and probably include increased half-life of the protein. The induction of ARO activity by steroids appears to be greater in males than in females, but this difference has been difficult to localize and confirm by assay methods. We therefore analysed by ICC the tridimensional distribution of ARO-ir neurons in the POA of males and females that were sexually mature or gonadectomized and treated with T-filled or control empty implants. Localized sex differences and effects of T were detected in this way. In particular, males had more ARO-ir cells than females in the lateral POA but a difference in the opposite direction was evident in the medial part of this area. These sex differences are largely activational (i.e. caused by the higher T levels in males) but they may also reflect organizational effects of neonatal steroids. Castration decreased ARO-ir cell numbers in the lateral POA, but increased it in the periventricular region. This anatomically specialized control by T may be mediated by three potential mechanisms that are discussed and comparatively evaluated: a migration of ARO neurons towards the ventricle after castration; a differential colocalization of ARO with estrogen receptors or a differential modulation of ARO neurons by catecholaminergic inputs. [less ▲]

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See detailMild Endotoxaemia and the Inflammatory Response Induced by a Marathon Race
Camus, G.; Poortmans, J.; Nys, Monique ULg et al

in Clinical Science (1997), 92(4), 415-22

1. To address the question of whether endotoxaemia could be involved in the inflammatory response induced by long-term strenuous exercise, 18 male marathon runners [mean age 41 +/- 2 (SEM) years] were ... [more ▼]

1. To address the question of whether endotoxaemia could be involved in the inflammatory response induced by long-term strenuous exercise, 18 male marathon runners [mean age 41 +/- 2 (SEM) years] were studied. Their performance in the marathon ranged from 2 h 46 min to 4 h 42 min. 2. Four venous blood samples were drawn: at rest, just before the race (baseline); within 15 min following the completion of the marathon; after 1 h of recovery; and the morning after the race. 3. The following humoral markers of the inflammatory response to exercise were measured: polymorphonuclear myeloperoxidase (MPO), anaphylatoxin C5a (C5a), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Plasma endotoxin was measured by a sensitive and rapid chromogenic Limulus assay. All inflammatory markers were significantly increased (P < 0.001) after the race, reaching in most cases peak values in the first blood sample drawn following the completion of the marathon [MPO, 298 +/- 19 ng/ml (SEM); C5a, 1.45 +/- 0.32 ng/ml; TNF-alpha, 20 +/- 3 pg/ml; IL-6, 88 +/- 13 pg/ml] when compared with baseline [MPO, 146 +/- 16 ng/ml (SEM); C5a, 0.27 +/- 0.2 ng/ml; TNF-alpha, 12 +/- 1.5 pg/ml: IL-6, 1.0 +/- 0.5 pg/ml]. Traces of plasma endotoxin (ranging from 5 to 13 pg/ml, with one exceptionally high value of 72 pg/ml measured in one runner) were detected in seven subjects within the first hour of recovery. An ELISA method was used to determine the endogenous IgG antibodies toward a range of Gram-negative bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) of different sizes and structures. A transient decrease in certain anti-LPS activities, mainly against rough LPS, occurred in most cases in the first blood sample drawn after the race. There was no correlation between the magnitude of the inflammatory response to exercise, as assessed by the increase in blood levels of humoral markers of inflammation, and the changes in circulating endotoxin levels of anti-LPS IgG activity following the race. 4. From these results, we conclude that the mild, transient endotoxaemia detected in some of our subjects does not play a major role in the observed inflammatory response to a marathon competition. [less ▲]

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See detailPulmonary Function Values in Friesian and Double-Muscled Calves During Acute Poikilocapnic Hypoxia
Rollin, Frédéric ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg et al

in Zentralblatt für Veterinarmedizin. Reihe A (1997), 44(2), 79-90

The effects of an acute non-isocapnic hypoxia on ventilation and pulmonary mechanics were investigated in 6 healthy unsedated Holstein-Friesian (HF) calves and in 7 double-muscled calves of the Belgian ... [more ▼]

The effects of an acute non-isocapnic hypoxia on ventilation and pulmonary mechanics were investigated in 6 healthy unsedated Holstein-Friesian (HF) calves and in 7 double-muscled calves of the Belgian White and Blue (BWB) breed known to develop more severe hypoxemia during exercise and respiratory diseases. Data were collected at 1 min intervals throughout the following protocol: breathing air (FIO2 = 21%), then breathing hypoxic gas mixture (FIO2 = 10%) for 5 min, and, finally, breathing air again for 5 min of recovery. Arterial blood was sampled at rest and at the 4th min of hypoxia for blood gas analysis. In HF and BWB calves, hypoxia induced a significant increase in tidal and minute volume, but did not change respiratory rate, dynamic lung compliance and total pulmonary resistance. However, with regard to their ventilation during normoxia at rest, BWB calves showed a comparatively greater rise in ventilation than HF calves during the first 4 min of hypoxia. On the contrary, by the 5th minute of hypoxia, ventilation of BWB calves declined to the normoxic level while HF calves largely sustained hyperventilation. This hypoxic ventilatory depression in BWB calves could be explained by the proportionately greater initial increase in ventilation. It was concluded that BWB calves supported this hypoxic challenge less easily than HF calves. [less ▲]

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See detailA Positron Emission Tomography Study of Voluntarily and Electrically Contracted Human Quadriceps
Vanderthommen, Marc ULg; Depresseux, J. C.; Bauvir, Philippe ULg et al

in Muscle & Nerve (1997), 20(4), 505-7

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See detailProblèmes diagnostiques, thérapeutiques et socio-économiques en oncologie gériatrique
Jerusalem, Guy ULg; Fillet, Georges ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(4), 255-7

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See detailLa maladie d'Alzheimer
Salmon, Eric ULg; Georges, Michel ULg; Collette, Fabienne ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(4), 258-261

La maladie d'Alzheimer touche plus de 5% de notre population adulte, et sa prévalence augmente avec l'äge. La symptomatologie clinique permet un diagnostic de haute probabilité, mais les lésions ... [more ▼]

La maladie d'Alzheimer touche plus de 5% de notre population adulte, et sa prévalence augmente avec l'äge. La symptomatologie clinique permet un diagnostic de haute probabilité, mais les lésions histologiques de dégénérescence neurofibrillaire et les plaques séniles restent les seuls critères diagnostiques de certitude. Les recherches en biologie moléculaire visent à comprendre le mécanisme pathogène afin de pouvoir l'interrompre. En attendant, notre prise en charge est symptomatique, et le but est d'optimiser la qualité de vie du patient et de ses proches. [less ▲]

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See detailVieillissement de la population: données démographiques pour la région Liégeoise
Paul, I.; Gosset, Christiane ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(4), 190-2

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See detailGlycoprotein B of Bovine Herpesvirus 4 Is a Major Component of the Virion, Unlike That of Two Other Gammaherpesviruses, Epstein-Barr Virus and Murine Gammaherpesvirus 68
Lomonte, P.; Filée, Patrice ULg; Lyaku, J. R. et al

in Journal of Virology (1997), 71(4), 3332-5

This study reports that in bovine herpesvirus 4, glycoprotein B (gB) is a heterodimer and a major component of the virion, unlike gBs of Epstein-Barr virus (gp110) and murine gammaherpesvirus 68, two ... [more ▼]

This study reports that in bovine herpesvirus 4, glycoprotein B (gB) is a heterodimer and a major component of the virion, unlike gBs of Epstein-Barr virus (gp110) and murine gammaherpesvirus 68, two other gammaherpesviruses. These are new characteristics with regard to the general features of gB in the Gammaherpesvirinae subfamily. [less ▲]

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See detailLes manifestations osteo-articulaires du sujet âgé
Andre, Béatrice ULg; Ribbens, Clio ULg; Kaye, O. et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(4), 270-277

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See detailAnterior cingulate and motor network metabolic impairment in progressive supranuclear palsy
Salmon, Eric ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Franck, Georges ULg

in Neuroimage (1997), 5(3), 173-178

Progressive supranuclear palsy is the prototype of subcortical dementia. Using positron emission tomography and statistical parametric mapping, we compared the glucose metabolic pattern obtained in this ... [more ▼]

Progressive supranuclear palsy is the prototype of subcortical dementia. Using positron emission tomography and statistical parametric mapping, we compared the glucose metabolic pattern obtained in this subcortical dementia to that observed in elderly healthy controls and in Alzheimer's disease, the prototype of cortical dementia. Progressive supranuclear palsy was characterized by a relative decrease of metabolism in anterior cingulate, adjacent supplementary motor area, precentral cortex, middle prefrontal cortex, midbrain tegmentum, globus pallidus, and ventrolateral and dorsomedial nuclei of thalamus. The data in progressive supranuclear palsy highlight predominant metabolic impairment in brain structures engaged in response selection, in attention for action, and in motor networks. [less ▲]

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See detailChirurgie carotidienne au-delà de 75 ans
Van Damme, Hendrik ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg; Limet, Raymond

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(4), 237-44

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See detailStudy of the Influence of Both Cyclodextrins and L-Lysine on the Aqueous Solubility of Nimesulide; Isolation and Characterization of Nimesulide-L-Lysine-Cyclodextrin Complexes
Piel, Géraldine ULg; Pirotte, Bernard ULg; Delneuville, Isabelle et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (1997), 86(4), 475-80

Nimesulide is a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug that exhibits a very poor water solubility (0.01 mg.mL-1). A nimesulide-beta-cyclodextrin complex prepared according to patent application WO 94/ 02177 ... [more ▼]

Nimesulide is a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug that exhibits a very poor water solubility (0.01 mg.mL-1). A nimesulide-beta-cyclodextrin complex prepared according to patent application WO 94/ 02177 has an aqueous solubility of approximately 16 mg.mL-1 of nimesulide. A nimesulide-L-lysine salt has also been prepared and increases the aqueous solubility of nimesulide to approximately 5.0-7.5 mg.mL-1. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the interaction of both cyclodextrins and L-lysine on the aqueous solubility of nimesulide. Nimesulide-L-lysine-beta- or gamma-cyclodextrin complexes were prepared by spray-drying. The inclusion of the nimesulide-L-lysine salt into the cyclodextrin cavity was confirmed by differential scanning calorimetry and proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. These complexes offered remarkable aqueous solubility. The incorporation of nimesulide in a nimesulide-L-lysine-beta-cyclodextrin complex increased its water solubility by a factor of 10 at pH 1.5 (0.050 mg.mL-1 for the complex versus 0.005 mg.mL-1 for nimesulide), 160 at pH 6.8 (2.373 mg.mL-1 for the complex versus 0.015 mg.mL-1 for nimesulide), and 3600 in purified water (36.400 mg.mL-1 for the complex versus 0.01 mg.mL-1 for nimesulide). [less ▲]

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See detailStereocomplexation of sPMMA-PBD-sPMMA triblock copolymers with isotactic PMMA: 1. Thermal and mechanical properties of stereocomplexes
Yu, Jian Ming; Yu, Yi-Song; Dubois, Philippe ULg et al

in Polymer (1997), 38(9), 2143-2154

A novel thermoplastic elastomer consisting of a triblock copolymer (MBM) with outer syndiotactic poly(methyl methacrylate) (sPMMA) blocks associated to an inner polybutadiene (PBD) block has been modified ... [more ▼]

A novel thermoplastic elastomer consisting of a triblock copolymer (MBM) with outer syndiotactic poly(methyl methacrylate) (sPMMA) blocks associated to an inner polybutadiene (PBD) block has been modified by stereocomplexation with isotactic PMMA (iPMMA). Solution cast films of stereocomplexes have been analysed by thermal analysis as a function of the iPMMA/sPMMA (i/s) mixing ratio and the solvent used for the film casting. Although self-aggregation of iPMMA is currently observed, this phenomenon does not occur in solvent cast films of iPMMA with the MBM copolymers. Extent of complexation depends on the i/s mixing ratio and the casting solvent. At a constant i/s ratio, molecular weight of iPMMA has no significant effect on the extent of stereocomplexation. Thermal stability of the stereocomplexes is only affected by the casting solvent, in contrast to tensile strength which is greatly influenced by the mixing ratio of the two PMMA stereoisomers. Tensile strength is increased when increasing amounts of iPMMA are blended with a triblock copolymer of low PMMA content (e.g. 12%). In case of triblocks of high PMMA content (ca. 30% or higher), a low i/s ratio (<l/4) increases the tensile strength, whereas a high i/s mixing ratio (1/2) results in decreasing tensile strength. The same trend is observed for blends of sPMMA-polystyrene (PS)-PBD-PS-sPMMA (MSBSM) pentablock copolymers with iPMMA. [less ▲]

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See detailAromatase Inhibition Blocks the Activation and Sexual Differentiation of Appetitive Male Sexual Behavior in Japanese Quail
Balthazart, Jacques ULg; Castagna, C.; Ball, G. F.

in Behavioral Neuroscience (1997), 111(2), 381-97

Two experiments investigated the role of estrogens in the activation and sexual differentiation of appetitive sexual behavior (ASB) in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) as measured by a learned social ... [more ▼]

Two experiments investigated the role of estrogens in the activation and sexual differentiation of appetitive sexual behavior (ASB) in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) as measured by a learned social proximity response. Injection of the aromatase inhibitor R767 13 in castrated, testosterone (T)-treated male quail completely suppressed ASB, confirming that, like consummatory sexual behavior, ASB is mediated by T aromatization. ASB is not observed in female quail, even if they are treated with T as adults. The role of embryonic estrogens in the sexual differentiation of ASB was tested by blocking estrogen synthesis in ovo. Control male and T-treated female quail deprived of estrogens during embryonic life learned the social proximity response used to assess ASB, whereas control female quail did not, despite the presence of high T. Thus, ASB is demasculinized by the action of embryonic estrogens during ontogeny as is consummatory behavior. [less ▲]

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See detailRole of Interleukin-1 Beta, Interleukin-6, and Tnf-Alpha in Intestinal Maturation Induced by Dietary Spermine in Rats
Kaouass, M.; Deloyer, Patricia; Gouders, Isabelle et al

in Endocrine (1997), 6(2), 187-94

In the present investigation, the authors aimed to evaluate the role of cytokines in intestinal postnatal maturation induced by dietary polyamines. Neonatal rats were administered either saline (8 mumol ... [more ▼]

In the present investigation, the authors aimed to evaluate the role of cytokines in intestinal postnatal maturation induced by dietary polyamines. Neonatal rats were administered either saline (8 mumol) orally. Spermine increased interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), IL-6, and TNF-alpha plasma concentration. The maximum concentrations of IL-1 beta, IL-6, and TNF-alpha were, respectively, observed at 4, 4, and 8 h posttreatment. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of IL-1 beta increased the specific activity of sucrase in whole small intestine, whereas the specific activities of maltase and lactase were significantly enhanced only in the jejunum. IL-6 elicited sucrase and increased maltase specific activity in the whole small intestine, but lactase specific activity was not affected. TNF-alpha had no effect on sucrase and maltase specific activity, but a slight augmentation of lactase specific activity was detected in the jejunum. Spermine and spermidine content in the intestine was increased by i.p. injection of IL-1 beta and IL-6. Corticosterone secretion was elevated by single i.p. injection of IL-1 beta, IL-6, or TNF-alpha. These findings suggest that spermine could induce postnatal intestinal development and corticosterone secretion through a cytokine-dependent mechanism. [less ▲]

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See detailComment je traite ... L'ostéoporose sénile
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(4), 267-9

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See detailCentral pontine myelinolysis associated with acquired folate depletion
RAMAEKERS, Vincent ULg; Reul, J.; Kusenbach, G. et al

in Neuropediatrics (1997), 28(2), 126-30

After long-standing malnutrition a 15-month-old boy with signs of kwashiorkor was admitted in a moribund state with serious hyponatraemic dehydration, hypothermia, somnolence, and signs of a pontine ... [more ▼]

After long-standing malnutrition a 15-month-old boy with signs of kwashiorkor was admitted in a moribund state with serious hyponatraemic dehydration, hypothermia, somnolence, and signs of a pontine disconnection syndrome. Folic acid levels were below the detection level in the presence of normal cobalamin levels. MRI of the brain showed global volume loss and signal abnormalities on the T2-weighted images suggestive for central pontine myelinolysis (CPM). Brainstem acoustic evoked responses have remained normal. The serious metabolic and nutritional derangements required substitution of folic acid, vitamins and trace elements as well as slow correction of hyponatraemic dehydration with return of the sodium level over a period of four days. This therapeutic regimen resulted in complete neurological recovery. Follow-up MRI documented normalisation of the initial pathologic findings. The hypothesis was put forward linking the pathogenesis of CPM with the combination of folate depletion and superimposed hyponatraemic dehydration. The previously acquired folate depletion could affect normal appositional function of myelin basic protein molecules due to insufficient methylation of arginine in position 107. The subsequent development of intramyelinic edema and CPM will then be triggered by the superimposed hyponatraemic dehydration. The verification of this hypothesis requires further investigations. [less ▲]

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See detailProcessus expansifs non-adénomateux intra-sellaires
Rohmer, V.; Chanson, Philippe; Dupas, B. et al

in Annales d'Endocrinologie (1997), 58(1), 11-19

More than thirty types of tumors in the sellar region can mimic pituitary adenoma on, magnetic resonance imaging. When they exist, clinical manifestations are not necessarily highly contributive to ... [more ▼]

More than thirty types of tumors in the sellar region can mimic pituitary adenoma on, magnetic resonance imaging. When they exist, clinical manifestations are not necessarily highly contributive to diagnosis. Headache, visual impairment, signs of antepituitary insufficiency or possible dysmenorrhea with galactorrhea attributed to hyperprolactinemia due to compression of the dopaminergic axis are not specific and may be misleading. Clinical signs of diabetes insipidis and polyphagia are however suggestive of non-pituitary tumors. Consequently, high-resolution imaging (MRI) and sometimes particular diagnostic circumstances (post partum for hypophysitis for example, or breast cancer for metastasis) orient the diagnosis. More rarely tumor enlargement, for example in certain germ cell tumors, provides a clue. [less ▲]

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See detailQuel avenir pour l'OTAN ?
Dumoulin, André ULg

in Problèmes politiques et sociaux (1997), (782), 83

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See detailLithium diisopropylamide as initiator for the anionic polymerization of methacrylates
Antoun, Sayed; Teyssié, Philippe; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecules (1997), 30(6), 1556-1561

The anionic polymerization of a series of methacrylates, i.e. methyl methacrylate (MMA), tert-butyl methacrylate (tBuMA), (dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA), and glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), has ... [more ▼]

The anionic polymerization of a series of methacrylates, i.e. methyl methacrylate (MMA), tert-butyl methacrylate (tBuMA), (dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA), and glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), has been investigated in THF at −78 °C, by using both lithium diisopropylamide (LDA) and α-lithioethyl isobutyrate (Li-EIB) complexed with LiCl as initiators. Compared to ligated Li-EIB, which is a model for the propagating enolate in the methacrylate anionic polymerization, ligated LDA has quite a comparable initiation efficiency (>90%) and gives rise to polymers with a predictable molecular weight and a narrow molecular weight distribution (MWD < 1.1). The effect of LiCl on the MWD of poly-GMA is less pronounced compared to the other polymethacrylates. An already narrow MWD in the absence of LiCl might be accounted for by an intramolecular coordination of the ion pair by the oxirane group of the (ante)penultimate unit(s) of growing poly GMA. As a direct consequence of the well-controlled anionic polymerization of these methacrylates, pairs of them have been polymerized in a sequential way with formation of well-defined block copolymers. Actually, there is no restriction on the addition order of the comonomers, so that both types of triblocks (ABA and BAB) can be successfully synthesized. Size exclusion chromatography supports that block copolymers are not contaminated by homopolymers, at least in detectable amounts. [less ▲]

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See detailInvolvement of Pa/Plasmin System in the Processing of Pro-Mmp-9 and in the Second Step of Pro-Mmp-2 Activation
Baramova, E. N.; Bajou, Khalid ULg; Remacle, A. et al

in FEBS Letters (1997), 405(2), 157-62

Pro-MMP2 activation is a two-step process resulting in (1) an intermediate 64 kDa form generated by the MT1-MMP activity, and (2) a mature 62 kDa form. Addition of plasminogen to HT1080 cells cultured ... [more ▼]

Pro-MMP2 activation is a two-step process resulting in (1) an intermediate 64 kDa form generated by the MT1-MMP activity, and (2) a mature 62 kDa form. Addition of plasminogen to HT1080 cells cultured under various conditions, or to their membrane preparation, induced a complete conversion of the intermediate MMP-2 form to the mature one, and processing of pro-MMP-9. The pro-MMP-2 activation was inhibited by plasmin inhibitors and anti-uPA antibody. These results provide evidence for involvement of the PA/plasmin system in the second step of MMP-2 activation. [less ▲]

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See detailOptical observations of comet Hale-Bopp (C/1995 O1) at large heliocentric distances before perihelion.
Rauer, H.; Arpigny, Claude ULg; Boehnhardt, H. et al

in Science (1997), 275

The activity of comet Hale-Bopp (C/1995 O1) was monitored monthly by optical imaging and long-slit spectroscopy of its dust and gas distribution over heliocentric distances of 4.6 to 2.9 AU. The observed ... [more ▼]

The activity of comet Hale-Bopp (C/1995 O1) was monitored monthly by optical imaging and long-slit spectroscopy of its dust and gas distribution over heliocentric distances of 4.6 to 2.9 AU. The observed band intensities of the NH[SUB]2[/SUB] radical and the H[SUB]2[/SUB]O[SUP]+[/SUP] ion cannot be explained by existing models of fluorescence excitation, warranting a reexamination of the corresponding production rates, at least at large heliocentric distances. Comparing the production rate of the CN radical to its proposed parent, HCN, shows no evidence for the need of a major additional source for CN in Hale-Bopp at large heliocentric distances. The dust and CN production rates are consistent with a significant amount of sublimation occurring from icy dust grains surrounding Hale-Bopp. [less ▲]

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See detailHR 7674: a low-amplitude cepheid?
Manfroid, Jean ULg; Renson, Pierre ULg; Burnet, M.

in Information Bulletin on Variable Stars (1997), 4453

Not Available

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See detailCorrelation between Bronchoalveolar Lavage (Bal) Fluid Cell Lysate Histamine Content and Bal Fluid Eosinophil Count in Atopic and Nonatopic Asthmatics
Louis, Renaud ULg; Van Tulder, L.; Poncelet, M. et al

in International Archives of Allergy & Immunology (1997), 112(3), 309-12

We have compared the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) cellular composition and the BAL cell lysate histamine content (fluorometric assay) in 28 stable mild to moderate asthmatics (atopic n = 18 and ... [more ▼]

We have compared the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) cellular composition and the BAL cell lysate histamine content (fluorometric assay) in 28 stable mild to moderate asthmatics (atopic n = 18 and intrinsic n = 10) and 11 control subjects. When compared to control subjects, the whole group of asthmatics had a higher proportion of BAL eosinophils (p < 0.01) and metachromatic cells (p < 0.05). The BAL cell lysate histamine was increased in atopic (p < 0.05) and intrinsic asthmatics (p < 0.05) in comparison with control subjects. In the whole group of asthmatics, the BAL cell lysate histamine content correlated with the percentage of BAL eosinophils (r = 0.58, p < 0.01). This relationship was significant in both atopic (r = 0.48, p < 0.05) and intrinsic (r = 0.70, p < 0.05) asthmatics. For the whole group of asthmatics, both the BAL cell lysate histamine and the percentage of BAL eosinophils inversely correlated with the percent predicted FEV1 (r = -0.42, p < 0.05; r = -0.51, p < 0.05). We conclude that an increased BAL cell lysate histamine content correlates with airway eosinophilic infiltration and lung function impairment in mild to moderate atopic and intrinsic asthmatics. This suggests that BAL mast cells play a key role in recruiting eosinophils in the airways of asthmatics irrespective of the presence of an atopic status. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of Percutaneous Oestradiol Gels in Postmenopausal Hormone Replacement Therapy on Clinical Symptoms and Endometrium
Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg; Beliard, Aude ULg; Hedon, B. et al

in British Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology (1997), 104(3), 305-10

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects on endometrium, climacteric symptoms and the menstrual cycle, and the clinical and biological tolerance of two percutaneous oestradiol gels used as hormone replacement ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects on endometrium, climacteric symptoms and the menstrual cycle, and the clinical and biological tolerance of two percutaneous oestradiol gels used as hormone replacement therapy. DESIGN: A large open randomised multicentre study. SETTING: France and Belgium. PARTICIPANTS: Two-hundred and fifty-four women with an intact uterus and who had experienced a natural menopause received either Oestrogel (n = 126) or Estreva, a new formulation of oestradiol gel (n = 128), (1.5 mg of oestradiol/day) for the 24 first days of each calendar month during six consecutive months. Nomegestrol acetate (Lutenyl), a norprogesterone derivative, was administered (5 mg/day) from day 11 to day 24 of each oestradiol cycle. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Examination of endometrial biopsies taken before treatment and between days 18 and 24 of the last treatment cycle, climacteric symptoms assessed using a modified Kupperman index, control of menstrual cycle evaluated by diary cards, and clinical and biological tolerance. RESULTS: Both treatments lowered the frequency and intensity of hot flushes and the global Kupperman index. 96% of the cycles were followed by withdrawal bleeding. Breakthrough bleeding or spotting resulted in premature discontinuation of treatment in one volunteer. Mastodynia occurred in 20 women and contributed to the premature termination of treatment in three of them. Endometrial biopsies taken at the end of treatment showed identical histologies in both groups, with a secretory pattern in the majority of women, and absence of hyperplasia. CONCLUSIONS: This trial confirmed that, when the two oestradiol gels tested were administered cyclically with nomegestrol acetate to postmenopausal women, they were well tolerated, effective and suitable for the treatment of oestrogen deficiency syndrome. [less ▲]

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See detailSequential successful surgical management of extracranial internal carotid stenosis and ipsilateral intracranial aneurysm. Case reports.
Detry, Olivier ULg; Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg; Desiron, Quentin ULg et al

in Vascular Surgery (1997), 31

The coexistence of extracranial internal carotid stenosis and ipsilateral intracranial aneurysm is a rare event whose management is controversial. Theoretically, the correction of a significant stenosis ... [more ▼]

The coexistence of extracranial internal carotid stenosis and ipsilateral intracranial aneurysm is a rare event whose management is controversial. Theoretically, the correction of a significant stenosis of the extracranial internal carotid may lead to an increase in the downstream pressure in the intracranial carotid, and may consequently increase the risk of rupture of the ipsilateral aneurysm. Moreover, dramatic increase of blood pressure is not uncommon after carotid endarterectomy, and may promote aneurysmal rupture. Intracranial surgical correction of a hypoperfused aneurysm down to extracranial carotid stenosis should carry an increased risk of inadequate cerebral flow during procedure, and unspecific postoperative stimulation of platelets aggregation and coagulation may complete obstruction of a subtotal carotid stenosis. We report the cases of two patients successfully treated by a two-stage surgical procedure. In a first step, the intracerebral aneurysms were controlled and electively excluded by clipping. In a second step, carotid endarteriectomies were performed some days later without any neurological complications. Postoperative recoveries were uneventful and six months after these surgical procedures, clinical examination of both patients did not reveal any worsening of the preoperative neurological status. [less ▲]

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See detailPrediction of Bone Loss Rate in Healthy Postmenopausal Women
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Deroisy, Rita ULg; Collette, Julien ULg et al

in Calcified Tissue International (1997), 60(3), 261-4

Prevention of fractures is the only way to drastically reduce osteoporosis-related health expenditures. In order to optimize the cost/benefit ratio of a strategy of prevention, it is essential to identify ... [more ▼]

Prevention of fractures is the only way to drastically reduce osteoporosis-related health expenditures. In order to optimize the cost/benefit ratio of a strategy of prevention, it is essential to identify, as early as possible, women who will develop fractures later in their life. Therefore, and since postmenopausal bone loss is an asymptomatic process, screening procedures should detect, at the time of the menopause, women whose postmenopausal bone loss is higher than the mean, and will, a couple of years later, exhibit a low mineral content and a subsequent high risk for fractures. For 3 years we have followed a cohort of 92 healthy women who had undergone menopause less than 36 months previously. By a multivariate discriminant analysis based on the differences in lumbar bone density, assessed by dual photon absorptiometry, and in a few routine biochemical parameters (serum phosphorus, estrone, androstenedione, and urine calcium) observed during the first 6 months of the study, we have been able to correctly predict the rate of spinal bone loss, observed at the end of the 3 years, in 76% of the subjects. All of the women who presented a bone loss higher than 10% over the 3 years were correctly isolated by our discriminant functions after 6 months of follow-up. We conclude that a measurement of lumbar bone mineral density coupled with a few routine biochemical determinations, repeated twice at a 6-month interval in healthy postmenopausal women, can isolate 100% of postmenopausal "fast bone losers" with an overall specificity of 76%. [less ▲]

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See detailVentilatory Effects of the Single-Breath Co2 Test, Compared with Eructation, in Cattle
Rollin, Frédéric ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Genicot, B. et al

in American Journal of Veterinary Research (1997), 58(3), 310-6

OBJECTIVE: To assess the peripheral chemoreceptor-induced ventilatory response to single tidal-breath CO2 (SB CO2) tests, compared with eructations, in 2 breeds of calves. ANIMALS: 13 conscious unsedated ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To assess the peripheral chemoreceptor-induced ventilatory response to single tidal-breath CO2 (SB CO2) tests, compared with eructations, in 2 breeds of calves. ANIMALS: 13 conscious unsedated Holstein-Friesian and 8 Belgian White and Blue hypermuscled calves. PROCEDURE: An SB of +/- 50% CO2 in equal parts of O2 and N2 was inhaled. Ventilatory response was determined from the increase in ventilation (delta Ve) during the first 20 seconds after the test breath or eructation and from the difference in end-tidal PCO2 between the stimulus and preceding control breaths. RESULTS: Because no difference was found between the 2 breeds of calves, all data were pooled. The increase in Ve peaked during the fifth breath after the SB CO2 test on average, corresponding to a delay of 12.4 seconds. The SB CO2 responses ranged from 0.037 to 0.151 L/min.mm of Hg.m2, with a mean +/- SD of 0.082 +/- 0.032 L/min.mm of Hg.m2 for all calves. The SB CO2 tests, similar to eructations, modified the breathing pattern significantly and in the same direction, by principally shortening expiratory time and increasing mean inspiratory flow. After eructations, Ve peak increase was more important for lower difference in end-tidal PCO2 between the stimulus and preceding control breaths and took place more rapidly than after SB CO2 tests. Accordingly, eructation responses were more marked than SB CO2 responses and averaged 0.925 +/- 0.276 L/min.mm of Hg.m2. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: In cattle, the pattern of breathing and ventilation under basal conditions is characterized by a cyclic variability coupled to eructation. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysicochemical causes for the microstructure of melt-textured YBa2Cu3O7-delta/Y2BaCuO5 composites
Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Cloots, Rudi ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg

in Superconductor Science and Technology (1997), 10(3), 123-133

We report semiquantitative results for a physicochemical model intended to describe the multigrain growth of YBa2Cu3O7-deltaN2BaCuO5 (123/211) composites under isothermal undercooling. This model takes ... [more ▼]

We report semiquantitative results for a physicochemical model intended to describe the multigrain growth of YBa2Cu3O7-deltaN2BaCuO5 (123/211) composites under isothermal undercooling. This model takes into account various ingredients supposed to be controlling the growth of such superconducting compounds, i.e. the presence of secondary phases. Moreover, a possible dynamical interaction between the growing 123 grains and the 211 solid particles is also included. The numerical investigations were performed for a model bivariate-like 211 particle distribution. The complete chemical dissolution of the small particles is allowed but the large ones are only partially dissolved in the first step which can be followed when chemically possible by a complete dissolution. The model is restricted to a two-dimensional square lattice. Various microstructural morphologies are obtained as a function of the initial composition of the melt and the initial size distributions of the 211 particles. Results are in quite good agreement with experimental observations. The quantity of 123 phase is predicted depending on the initial conditions. The optimal situation when a minimum fraction of liquid phase segregates at the gain boundaries is found to occur for 20 % excess of 211 phase in the initial melt. [less ▲]

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See detailRILEM Recommendations : Part 6 – Thermal Strain
Schneider, Ulrich; Schwesinger, P.; Debicki, Gérard et al

in Materials and Structures (1997)

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See detailLes Accords de Coopération en matière d’objectifs budgétaires
Husson, Jean-François ULg

in Bulletin de documentation du Ministère des Finances (1997), (2), 183-214

This articles reviews the mechanisms of budgetary agreements between federal and federated entities in Belgium, in the context of the measures taken to reach the "Maastricht-criteria" and the ensuing ... [more ▼]

This articles reviews the mechanisms of budgetary agreements between federal and federated entities in Belgium, in the context of the measures taken to reach the "Maastricht-criteria" and the ensuing targets set at the European level. [less ▲]

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See detailSepsis and Serum Cytokine Concentrations
Damas, Pierre ULg; Canivet, Jean-Luc ULg; de Groote, Donat et al

in Critical Care Medicine (1997), 25(3), 405-12

OBJECTIVE: To look for relationships between the classification of sepsis and plasma cytokine concentrations. DESIGN: Prospective, consecutive entry study of patients meeting severe sepsis criteria and ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To look for relationships between the classification of sepsis and plasma cytokine concentrations. DESIGN: Prospective, consecutive entry study of patients meeting severe sepsis criteria and having bacteriologically documented infections. SETTING: University hospital, surgical intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Fifty consecutive patients developing severe sepsis or septic shock between December 1991 and December 1993. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Concentrations of tumor necrosis factor, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and leukemia inhibitory factor were measured by immunoradiometric assay in the plasma of patients as soon as they developed severe sepsis or septic shock. Septic shock patients were divided into three groups in a blinded fashion (i.e., without knowing the results of the concentrations of cytokines), according to the presence of sustained hyperlactacidemia and to the rapidity of the onset of sepsis. Peak concentrations of all cytokines were statistically different between severe sepsis and septic shock patients. This finding was almost exclusively due to the data from patients with rapid onset of septic shock, who demonstrated very high but transient cytokine concentrations. Septic shock patients may thus have different profiles in the time course of their cytokine concentrations. The transient, high peak concentrations of cytokines were also related to transient leukopenia. Among the cytokines measured, IL-8 appeared to be the one that correlated best with lactacidemia, the presence of disseminated intravascular coagulation, severe hypoxemia, the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score, and mortality rate. CONCLUSIONS: According to the profiles of the cytokines, septic shock patients do not represent a homogeneous population. These profiles should be described in order to distinguish between patients, and the profiles may be useful to identify those patients susceptible to new therapies. [less ▲]

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See detailLa famille des peptides natriurétiques
Damas, Jacques ULg; Liégeois, Jean-François ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(3), 169-73

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See detailExpression of the 67 Kd Laminin Receptor in Human Cervical Preneoplastic and Neoplastic Squamous Epithelial Lesions: An Immunohistochemical Study
al-Saleh, W.; Delvenne, Philippe ULg; van den Brule, F. A. et al

in Journal of Pathology (The) (1997), 181(3), 287-93

Interactions of cancer cells with laminin play a critical role during the progression of solid malignant tumours. Increased expression of the 67 kD laminin receptor (67LR), one of the several laminin ... [more ▼]

Interactions of cancer cells with laminin play a critical role during the progression of solid malignant tumours. Increased expression of the 67 kD laminin receptor (67LR), one of the several laminin binding proteins, is associated with the invasive and metastatic capacity of various types of cancer, including breast, colon, ovary, lung, and endometrial carcinoma. In this study, 67LR expression was analysed in a series of cervical biopsy specimens including 16 normal cervical tissues, 36 low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs), 24 high-grade SILs, and 11 invasive carcinomas. Detection of the 67LR was performed using immunoperoxidase staining and the monoclonal antibody MLuC5 which specifically recognizes the 67LR. Immunostaining of the 67LR was correlated with human papillomavirus (HPV) type detected by in situ hybridization and with proliferative activity of the lesion determined by immunohistochemistry with the MIB-1 monoclonal antibody, specific for the Ki67 antigen. Increased expression of the 67LR was correlated with the histological severity of the lesions, with the strongest immunoreactivity being found in invasive carcinomas. Significant differences in 67LR expression were found between normal cervical epithelium and high-grade SILs (P < 0.05, non-parametric Mann-Whitney test) or invasive carcinomas (P < 0.001), as well as between low- or high-grade SILs and invasive carcinoma (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively). Ki67 antigen expression also increased with the severity of the lesions. There was a positive correlation for each type of lesion between expression of the 67LR and of the Ki67 antigen. No specific relationship was found between 67LR or Ki67 antigen immunostaining and HPV type detected in SILs, segregated into low-grade and high-grade lesions. These data add weight to the evidence that increased expression of the 67LR is a consistent, but not sufficient feature of the invasive and metastatic phenotype and suggest that high expression of the 67LR might be associated with both more proliferative and more aggressive cervical (pre)neoplastic lesions. [less ▲]

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See detailAttitudes obstétricales: Consensus de Département ULg. Document des cours de troisième cycle, octobre 96
Biquet, G.; Brichant, Jean-François ULg; Dewandre, Pierre-Yves et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(3), 142-8

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See detailQoS specification of ODP binding objects
Février, Arnaud; Najm, Elie; Leduc, Guy ULg et al

in Telektronikk (1997), 93(1), 42-49

We present a QoS oriented notation suitable for the ODP framework. In particular, we focus on a computational view of objects: we consider systems described as configurations of interacting objects and we ... [more ▼]

We present a QoS oriented notation suitable for the ODP framework. In particular, we focus on a computational view of objects: we consider systems described as configurations of interacting objects and we deal with two types of communications: message passing and flows. In message passing, signals (from one object to another) are conveyed through the (implicit) underlying infrastructure. This form of interaction is suitable for client/server applications where no strong real time or ordering constraints are needed from the communication infrastructure. In contract, in a flow type of communication, signals are conveyed through third party (binding) objects that may be explicitly called for in order to ensure specific QoS requirements needed by specific applications. A building blocks approach for the formal specification of binding objects in the ODP computational model is presented. The formal notation that is used is based on LOTOS extended with two features - real time and gate passing. These features are among the extensions that are currently studied in the ISO standardisation Formal Description Techniques group. We apply our building blocks approach to the specification of a multicast, multimedia binding object. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Age and Breed on the Binding of Oxygen to Red Blood Cells of Bovine Calves
Gustin, Pascal ULg; Detry, B.; Robert, Alain ULg et al

in Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) (1997), 82(3), 784-90

The influence of somatic growth and genetic selection on the whole blood oxygen equilibrium curve (OEC) was measured under standard conditions in double-muscled and dairy calves during their first 3 mo of ... [more ▼]

The influence of somatic growth and genetic selection on the whole blood oxygen equilibrium curve (OEC) was measured under standard conditions in double-muscled and dairy calves during their first 3 mo of life. Crossbreed animals were also investigated. Hemoglobin, 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (DPG), Cl, and Pi concentrations were also measured. The percentage of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) was determined. The influence of exogenous Cl, Pi, and pH on the OEC was also assessed. The PO2 at 50% hemoglobin saturation (P50) increased during somatic growth, probably because of the increase in DPG recorded in double-muscled neonates and to the progressive disappearance of HbF in both breeds. The oxygen exchange fraction (OEF%) was used to assess the combined influence of the OEC shift and OEC shape changes on blood oxygen desaturation under standard conditions, when the PO2 decreases within a physiological range. The OEF% showed an increase during the first month, then a stabilization. The effects of Cl, Pi, and pH in Friesian calves were similar as in adult cattle. Double-muscled neonates had a lower P50, OEF% values, and DPG concentrations and higher hemoglobin and Cl concentrations than Friesian neonates. The Pi concentration and the percentage of HbF were similar in both breeds. The pH and the Cl concentration had significantly less effect on the OEC in double-muscled than in Friesian calves. Crossbreed animals exhibited intermediate parameter values, between those recorded for double-muscled and Friesian calves. All differences between breeds progressively disappeared during the first month. These data show that blood function changes markedly in calves during the first month of life and that genetic selection can alter blood function. [less ▲]

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See detailComment j'explore ... Sur le plan coronarien, un patient avant chirurgie non cardiaque
Hoffer, E.; Pierard, Luc ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(3), 178-82

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See detailA novel biodegradable and biocompatible ceramer prepared by the sol-gel process
Tian, Dong; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Grandfils, Christian ULg et al

in Chemistry of Materials (1997), 9(4), 871-874

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See detailTraitement chirurgical de l'insuffisance tricuspide. L'annuloplastie de Carpentier
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(3), 159-62

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See detailAt Least Three Subdomains of V-Erba Are Involved in Its Silencing Function
Busch, Kerstin; Martin, Bernd; Baniahmad, Aria et al

in Molecular Endocrinology (1997), 11(3), 379-89

Several members of the thyroid hormone receptor (TR) family are able to switch from a transcriptional repressor to a transcriptional activator upon binding of their ligand. The oncogene v-erbA is a ... [more ▼]

Several members of the thyroid hormone receptor (TR) family are able to switch from a transcriptional repressor to a transcriptional activator upon binding of their ligand. The oncogene v-erbA is a variant form of the TR unable to bind hormone and thus acts as a constitutive repressor. We demonstrate, using fusion proteins between the DNA-binding domain of the yeast factor GAL4 and the silencing domains of v-erbA and TR beta, that point mutations in three different regions severely affect their repression function. Furthermore, the three regions, each as an inactive fusion protein with the GAL4 DNA-binding domain, restore silencing activity when assembled on the same promoter. These observations define at least three silencing subdomains, SSD1-SSD3, which are involved in the silencing function of v-erbA. We propose a model in which full silencing activity is brought about by the combined interaction of each silencing subdomain with corepressors and/or basal transcription factors. [less ▲]

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See detailEstimating Systematic Risk in the Presence of Thin Trading and Conditional Heteroscedasticity
Corhay, Albert ULg; Tourani Rad, Alireza; Urbain, Jean-Pierre

in In The Money (1997), 2

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