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See detailPhylogenetic classification of the mitochondrial carrier family of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Elmoualij, Benaïssa ULg; Duyckaerts, Claire ULg; Brasseur, Josette ULg et al

in Yeast (Chichester, England) (1997), 13(6), 573-581

The screening of the open reading frames identified in the whole yeast genome has allowed us to discover 34 proteins belonging to the mitochondrial carrier family. By phylogenetic study, they can be ... [more ▼]

The screening of the open reading frames identified in the whole yeast genome has allowed us to discover 34 proteins belonging to the mitochondrial carrier family. By phylogenetic study, they can be divided into 27 subfamilies including ADP/ATP, phosphate and citrate carriers, putative oxoglutarate and GDC carriers and 22 new subfamilies. Topology predictions using the 'positive inside rule' approach have shown that the yeast carriers are similarly oriented with both extremities exposed to the cytosol. In each subfamily, a strict conservation of the charged residues in the six transmembrane alpha-helices is observed, suggesting a functional role for these residues and the existence of 27 functionally distinct carriers. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrator forwarding : a new recursive nonlinear robust design
Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg; Jankovic, M.; Kokotovic, Petar V.

in Automatica (1997), 33(5), 979-984

We consider the global stabilization of nonlinear systems in strict feedforward form. We show that these systems, while not feedback linearizable, can be (globally) transformed by feedback and ... [more ▼]

We consider the global stabilization of nonlinear systems in strict feedforward form. We show that these systems, while not feedback linearizable, can be (globally) transformed by feedback and diffeomorphism into a lower-triangular form. The transformation is explicit and recursive. We employ this transformation to design a globally stabilizing controller with optimality properties and an input-to-state stability property with respect to matched uncertainties. [less ▲]

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See detailField observations of the spawning behaviour of European grayling
Darchambeau, François ULg; Poncin, Pascal ULg

in Journal of Fish Biology (1997), 51(5), 1066-1068

During observations of the River Ourthe, Belgium, 70 spawning attempts were recorded during the reproductive period of the European grayling. Thirty-six per sent of the spawning attempts proceeded to ... [more ▼]

During observations of the River Ourthe, Belgium, 70 spawning attempts were recorded during the reproductive period of the European grayling. Thirty-six per sent of the spawning attempts proceeded to completion, while interference by another male may explain some of the incomplete acts. Sneaking behaviour was observed and one spawning act included two males and one female. (C) 1997 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles. [less ▲]

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See detailBeam-laser measurements and relativistic Hartree-Fock calculations of the lifetimes of the 3d94p levels in Cu II
Pinnington, E. H.; Rieger, G.; Kernahan, J. A. et al

in Canadian Journal of Physics (1997), 75

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See detailDensity-functional theory of polar insulators
Gonze, X.; Ghosez, Philippe ULg; Godby, R. W.

in Physical Review Letters (1997), 78(2), 294-297

We examine the density-functional theory of macroscopic insulators, obtained in the large-cluster limit or under periodic boundary conditions. For polar crystals, we find that the two procedures are not ... [more ▼]

We examine the density-functional theory of macroscopic insulators, obtained in the large-cluster limit or under periodic boundary conditions. For polar crystals, we find that the two procedures are not equivalent. In a large-cluster case, the exact exchange-correlation potential acquires a homogeneous ''electric field'' which is absent from the usual local approximations, and the Kohn-Sham electronic system becomes metallic. With periodic boundary conditions, such a field ist forbidden, and the polarization deduced from Kohn-Sham wave functions is incorrect even if the exact functional is used. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu de L.C. Youtie, P. Michigan 17. The Michigan Medical Codex (P. Mich. 758 = P. Mich. inv. 21), Atlanta, 1996 (American Studies in Papyrology, 35)
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Chronique d'Egypte : Bulletin Périodique de la Fondation Egyptologique Reine Elisabeth (1997), 72

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See detailAn introduction to ET-LOTOS for the description of time-sensitive systems
Léonard, Luc; Leduc, Guy ULg

in Computer Networks & ISDN Systems (1997), 29(3), 271-292

Enhanced Timed-LOTOS, called ET-LOTOS, is an extension of LOTOS allowing the modelling of time-sensitive systems (i.e. systems whose behaviour is influenced by the passing of time). It is the basis of the ... [more ▼]

Enhanced Timed-LOTOS, called ET-LOTOS, is an extension of LOTOS allowing the modelling of time-sensitive systems (i.e. systems whose behaviour is influenced by the passing of time). It is the basis of the timed extension of LOTOS currently developed by ISO (1995). The purpose of this paper is to present ET-LOTOS in a tutorial style and show its applicability. The detailed study of the formal semantics is addressed in another paper. A collection of small but realistic, examples illustrates a wide variety of time-sensitive protocol mechanisms. These examples are used to introduce and justify the extensions of our language. Finally, the basics of the formal semantics are given and a comparison is made with other timed formalisms. [less ▲]

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See detailPrognostic factors in urothelial renal pelvis and ureter tumors: A multicenter Rare Cancer Network study
Ozsahin, Mahmut; Zouhair, Abderrahim; Villà, S. et al

in International Journal of Radiation, Oncology, Biology, Physics (1997), 3(2(supp)), 290

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See detailThe role of bisphosphonates in the treatment of osteoporosis
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Halkin, V.; Gosset, Christiane ULg et al

in Drugs of Today (Barcelona, Spain : 1998) (1997), 33

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois, A propos d'un cas de myelinolyse centropontique chez un éthylique chronique
Lebrun, F.; Lambermont, Bernard ULg; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(1), 7-11

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See detailSaisie-arrêt et concours des créanciers: fin d'une controverse, note sous Cass. (1ère ch.), 11 avr. 1997
Georges, Frédéric ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (1997)

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See detailClinical characteristics, prognosis and treatment for pelvic cryptorchid seminoma
Li; COUCKE, Philippe ULg; Qian et al

in International Journal of Radiation, Oncology, Biology, Physics (1997), 38(2), 351-357

Purpose: To analyze the clinical characteristics, prognosis, and treatment outcome of pelvic cryptorchid seminoma (PCS), and to determine whether whole abdominal-pelvic irradiation for Stage I disease is ... [more ▼]

Purpose: To analyze the clinical characteristics, prognosis, and treatment outcome of pelvic cryptorchid seminoma (PCS), and to determine whether whole abdominal-pelvic irradiation for Stage I disease is necessary. Methods and Materials: From 1958 to 1991,60 patients with PCS were treated at the Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing. They presented with a lower abdominal mass and showed a predominance for the right side. A high proportion of patients with PCS [ 26 of 60 (43% )] had metastatic disease, compared to 20% of those with scrotal seminoma, and there was a tendency toward a higher frequency of pelvic nodal metastases. There were 34 Stage I, 6 Stage IIA, 11 Stage IIB, 5 Stage III, and 4 Stage IV patients. Of these 60 patients, 56 underwent laparotomy with or without cryptorchiectomy (37 radical orchiectomy, 7 partial orchiectomy, and 12 biopsy of the primary or cervical node), and 4 cervical node biopsy only. All patients were further treated with radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of both. Patients with Stage I and II disease received radiotherapy, whereas patients with Stage III and IV were treated with chemotherapy. Results: The overall and disease-free survivals at 5 and 10 years were 92% and 87%, and 88% and 84%, respectively. The 5- and lo-year survivals were 100% for Stage I, 94% and 87% for Stage II, and 56% and 42% for Stage III/IV, respectively @ < 0.05). Volume of irradiation, i.e., whole abdominal-pelvic radiotherapy ( 10 patients), versus hockey-stick encompassing paraaortic, ipsilateral iliac nodes and the primary tumor or tumor bed (17) did not influence outcome in Stage I patients. Five patients relapsed within 2-12 years after treatment, and four of these patients were successfully salvaged. Four patients developed a second malignant tumor and died. Conclusion: Stage I and II PCS can he adequately controlled by radiotherapy regardless of the surgical procedure. Whole abdominal-pelvic irradiation for Stage I and IIA disease is not required, and fields can be limited to the paraaortic, ipsilateral iliac nodes and primary tumor or tumor bed. We recommend platinum-based chemotherapy for Stage IIB-IV PCS. 0 1997 Elsevier Science Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental induction of prenucleolar bodies (PNBs) in interphase cells: interphase PNBs show similar characteristics as those typically observed at telophase of mitosis in untreated cells.
Zatsepina, O. V.; Dudnic, O. A.; Todorov, I. T. et al

in Chromosoma (1997), 105(7-8), 418-30

Recently, it was shown that a short exposure of living mammalian cells to low ionic strength buffers (hypotonic shock) caused partial or almost complete unraveling of interphase nucleoli. However, when ... [more ▼]

Recently, it was shown that a short exposure of living mammalian cells to low ionic strength buffers (hypotonic shock) caused partial or almost complete unraveling of interphase nucleoli. However, when the cells were released from the hypotonic shock and transferred to normal isotonic medium, functionally active and structurally integral nucleoli were reassembled at their initial positions within interphase nuclei. Here, we show further that this process is accompanied by the appearance of numerous discrete extranucleolar bodies, which have striking similarities to the prenucleolar bodies (PNBs) observed in untreated cells at telophase of mitosis. (1) Like PNBs at mitosis, hypotonically induced interphase PNBs are composed of RNA-positive granules and fibrils, contain the major nucleolar protein B23 and silver-binding proteins, but lack DNA and RNA polymerase I transcription factor UBF. (2) As for mitotic PNBs, disappearance of the interphase PNB counterparts coincides with the increase in size of reconstructed nucleoli. (3) Addition of actinomycin D does not prevent assembly of interphase PNBs, but does arrest their coalescence with the chromosomal nucleolus-organizing regions and blocks the complete reformation of nucleoli. It is concluded that the assembly of PNBs generally observed at telophase of mitosis can be induced experimentally in nuclei of interphase mammalian cells in vivo. At interphase, this process is probably initiated by changes in the intracellular ionic environment. [less ▲]

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See detailEngraissement du taurillon Blanc-Bleu belge
Minet, Vincent; Van Eenaeme, Christian ULg; Raskin, Pascale et al

in Agricontact (1997), 291

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See detailThe state of stress near the Mendocino triple Junction from inversion of earthquake focal mechanism
Schwartz, S. Y.; Hubert, Aurelia ULg

in Geophysical Research Letters (1997), 23

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See detailDamping rates of hard momentum particles in a cold ultrarelativistic plasma
Vanderheyden, Benoît ULg; Ollitrault, J. Y.

in Physical Review. D : Particles and Fields (1997), 56(8), 5108-5122

We compute the damping rates of one-particle excitations in a cold ultrarelativistic plasma to leading order in the coupling constant e for three types of interaction: Yukawa coupling to a massless scalar ... [more ▼]

We compute the damping rates of one-particle excitations in a cold ultrarelativistic plasma to leading order in the coupling constant e for three types of interaction: Yukawa coupling to a massless scalar boson, QED, and QCD. Damping rates of charged particles in QED and QCD are of order e(3) mu, while the damping rates of other particles are of order e(4) mu or e(4) mu log(1/e). We find that the damping rate of an electron or of a quark is constant far from the Fermi surface, and decreases linearly with the excitation energy close to the Fermi surface. This unusual behavior is attributed to the long-range magnetic interactions. [less ▲]

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See detailThe role of endosome destabilizing activity in the gene transfer process mediated by cationic lipids.
El Ouahabi, A.; Thiry, Marc ULg; Pector, V. et al

in FEBS Letters (1997), 414(2), 187-92

We used a 32P-labeled pCMV-CAT plasmid DNA to estimate the DNA uptake efficiency and unlabeled pCMV-CAT plasmid DNA to quantify the CAT activity after transfection of COS cells using each of the three ... [more ▼]

We used a 32P-labeled pCMV-CAT plasmid DNA to estimate the DNA uptake efficiency and unlabeled pCMV-CAT plasmid DNA to quantify the CAT activity after transfection of COS cells using each of the three following cationic compounds: [1] vectamidine (3-tetradecylamino-N-tert-butyl-N'-tetradecylpropionamidine, and previously described as diC14-amidine [1]), [2] lipofectin (a 1:1 mixture of N-(1-2,3-dioleyloxypropyl)-N,N,N-triethylammonium (DOTMA) and dioleylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE)), and [3] DMRIE-C (a 1:1 mixture of N-[1-(2,3-dimyristyloxy)propyl]-N,N-dimethyl-N-(2-hydroxyethyl) ammonium bromide (DMRIE) and cholesterol). Surprisingly, a high CAT activity was observed with vectamidine although the DNA uptake efficiency was lower as compared to lipofectin and DMRIE-C. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed endocytosis as the major pathway of DNA-cationic lipid complex entry into COS cells for the three cationic lipids. However, the endosomal membrane in contact with complexes containing vectamidine or DMRIE-C often exhibited a disrupted morphology. This disruption of endosomes was much less frequently observed with the DNA-lipofectin complexes. This comparison of the three compounds demonstrate that efficient transfection mediated by cationic lipids is not only correlated to their percentage of uptake but also to their ability to destabilize and escape from endosomes. [less ▲]

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See detailAerosol therapy in the equine species
Duvivier, Dominique Hannia; Votion, Dominique ULg; Vandenput, Sandrina ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (1997), 154(3), 189-202

Inhalation therapy plays an increasing role in the management of equine respiratory disorders. This alternative to systematic treatment permits a high concentration of medication to act locally while ... [more ▼]

Inhalation therapy plays an increasing role in the management of equine respiratory disorders. This alternative to systematic treatment permits a high concentration of medication to act locally while minimizing side effects and residues. In human medicine, literature in this field is prolific and continuously renewed, whereas in veterinary medicine, applications of aerosol therapy are less extensive. This review considers the principles of action of the different types of devices used for inhalation, i.e., nebulization, metered-dose inhalation and dry powder inhalation, describes the technical and practical requirements for their use in the equine species and considers the advantages and disadvantages of each inhalation device. The pharmacological agents currently administered to horses by inhalation are also discussed. Perspectives of aerosol therapy in the equine species, including aerosols already used in human medicine and their potential applications for horses are described [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of a positron emission tomography radiopharmaceutical for imaging thymidine kinase gene expression : Synthesis and in vitro evaluation of 9-{3-[18F] Fluoro-1-hydroxy-2-propoxymethyl guanine
Monclus, Michel; Luxen, André ULg; Cool, Vincent et al

in Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters (1997), 7(14), 1879-1882

9-[(3-fluoro-1-hydroxy-2-propoxy)methyl]guanine (FHPG) 2 has been labeled with fluorine-18 and evaluated in vitro as a potential radiotracer for mapping gene expression in vivo with positron emission ... [more ▼]

9-[(3-fluoro-1-hydroxy-2-propoxy)methyl]guanine (FHPG) 2 has been labeled with fluorine-18 and evaluated in vitro as a potential radiotracer for mapping gene expression in vivo with positron emission tomography (PET). [less ▲]

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See detailA novel seizure-induced synaptotagmin gene identified by differential display.
Babity, J. M.; Armstrong, J. N.; Plumier, Jean-Christophe ULg et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (1997), 94(6), 2638-41

Systemic administration of kainic acid, a cyclic analogue of glutamate, produces many of the clinical features of human temporal lobe epilepsy and status epilepticus in rats, including the induction of ... [more ▼]

Systemic administration of kainic acid, a cyclic analogue of glutamate, produces many of the clinical features of human temporal lobe epilepsy and status epilepticus in rats, including the induction of motor convulsions and the degeneration of neurons in the hippocampus and piriform cortex. Differential display PCR was used to identify mRNAs that are differentially expressed between degenerating and nondegenerating tissues in the brain after kainic acid-induced seizure activity. A novel cDNA fragment expressed in the degenerating hippocampus and piriform cortex, but not in the nondegenerating parietal cortex, was identified, cloned, and sequenced. This novel cDNA fragment identified a new member of the synaptotagmin gene family that is rapidly and transiently induced in response to seizure activity. Differential expression of this synaptotagmin gene, syt X, was confirmed by Northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization. This novel, inducible synaptotagmin gene may provide a direct link between seizure-induced neuronal gene expression and subsequent modulation of synaptic structure and function. [less ▲]

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See detailMesures d'incitation en faveur de la conservation de la diversite genetique en matiere agricole. 2. Analyse des mesures agri-environnementales belges.
Lepoivre, Philippe ULg; Baltus, Carine

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (1997), 1(3), 187-195

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See detailAcute Functional Iron Deficiency in Obese Subjects During a Very-Low-Energy All-Protein Diet
Beguin, Yves ULg; Grek, Vincent; Weber, Georges ULg et al

in American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (1997), 66(1), 75-9

We examined whether a very-low-energy all-protein diet (VLED) would produce detectable changes in iron as well as in other trace elements. Twenty-five obese patients consumed for 2 wk a VLED containing 70 ... [more ▼]

We examined whether a very-low-energy all-protein diet (VLED) would produce detectable changes in iron as well as in other trace elements. Twenty-five obese patients consumed for 2 wk a VLED containing 70 g protein after a 1-wk period during which total daily energy intake was progressively reduced to 1.26 MJ. Serum iron fell sharply by approximately equal to 50% (P < 0.0001), and despite a small decrease in total-iron-binding capacity, transferrin saturation decreased from 30 +/- 11% to 18 +/- 5% (P < 0.0001). Serum ferritin did not change significantly but serum soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), an indicator of iron deficiency, increased progressively from 4630 +/- 1110 to 6070 +/- 1390 micrograms/L (P < 0.0001). Changes in sTfR correlated inversely with prior changes in serum iron. Changes in iron metabolism did not translate into changes in erythropoiesis or red cell indexes, but the white blood cell count decreased from 7.3 +/- 1.6 to 6.2 +/- 1.9 x 10(9)/L (P < 0.002). There was no evidence of deficiency for the other trace elements and minerals tested. Daily supplementation with 200 mg Fe in 18 other subjects only partially corrected these observations despite some increase in iron stores. These results indicate that during a 2-wk VLED serum iron is significantly depressed, inducing functional tissue iron deficiency too short in duration to produce alterations in red blood cell indexes. These changes are not mediated by absolute iron deficiency, inflammation, or protein malnutrition but could be related to alterations in the iron storage and release behavior of the reticuloendothelial cell during energy deprivation alone. [less ▲]

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See detailExploitation of trispecific hybrids to introgress the glandless seed and glanded plant trait of Gossypium sturtianum Willis into G. hirsutum L.
Mergeai, Guy ULg; Baudoin, Jean-Pierre ULg; Vroh Bi, I.

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (1997), 1(4),

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See detailComplications hepatiques de la chimiotherapie. De la cytolyse banale a la maladie veino-occlusive du foie.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(2), 93-7

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See detailTrois ivoires médiévaux au Musée de l’Oeuvre Notre-Dame à Strasbourg
Van den Bossche, Benoît ULg

in Cahiers Alsaciens d’Archéologie, d’Art et d’Histoire (1997), XL

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See detailJustinien et la langue latine. A propos d'un prétendu oracle rendu à Romulus d'après Jean le Lydien
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Byzantinische Zeitschrift (1997), 90(2), 413-415

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See detailMitochondrial Asparaginyl-Trna Synthetase Is Encoded By The Yeast Nuclear Gene Ycr24c
Landrieu, I.; Vandenbol, Micheline ULg; Hartlein, M. et al

in European Journal of Biochemistry (1997), 243(1-2),

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See detailMoufang affine buildings have Moufang spherical buildings at infinity
Van Maldeghem, H.; Van Steen, Kristel ULg

in Glasgow Mathematical Journal (1997), 39(Part 3), 237-241

We show in a direct and elementary way that the spherical building at infinity of every rank 3 affine building which satisfies Tits' Moufang condition, is itself a Moufang building. This result is also ... [more ▼]

We show in a direct and elementary way that the spherical building at infinity of every rank 3 affine building which satisfies Tits' Moufang condition, is itself a Moufang building. This result is also true for higher rank affine buildings by Tits' classification [4]. [less ▲]

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See detailCo-regulation and physical association of the 67-kDa monomeric laminin receptor and the alpha6beta4 integrin.
Ardini, E.; Tagliabue, E.; Magnifico, A. et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (1997), 272(4), 2342-5

The interactions between tumor cells and laminin or other components of the extracellular matrix have been shown to play an important role in tumor invasion and metastasis. However, the role of the ... [more ▼]

The interactions between tumor cells and laminin or other components of the extracellular matrix have been shown to play an important role in tumor invasion and metastasis. However, the role of the monomeric 67-kDa laminin receptor (67LR) remains unclear. We analyzed the regulation of 67LR expression under different culture conditions with respect to the expression of other well characterized laminin receptors. In A431 cells treated with laminin for different time periods, the regulation of 67LR expression correlated with expression of the alpha6 integrin subunit but not with the expression of other laminin receptors. Moreover, cytokine treatment resulted in down-modulated expression of the alpha6 integrin subunit and the 67LR. Co-regulation of the expression of the two receptors was further suggested by the observation that specific down-modulation of the alpha6-chain by antisense oligonucleotides was accompanied by a proportional decrease in the cell surface expression of 67LR. Biochemical analyses indicated co-immunoprecipitation of 67LR and the alpha6 subunit with an anti-alpha6 but not an anti-beta1 monoclonal antibody. Co-regulation of 67LR and alpha6 subunit expression, together with the physical association between the two receptors, supports the hypothesis that 67LR is an auxiliary molecule involved in regulating or stabilizing the interaction of laminin with the alpha6beta4 integrin. [less ▲]

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See detailNo-carrier-added asymmetric synthesis of alpha-methyl-alpha-amino acids labelled with fluorine-18
Damhaut, Philippe; Lemaire, Christian ULg; Plenevaux, Alain ULg et al

in Tetrahedron (1997), 53(16), 5785-5796

Various [18F]fluoro aromatic α-methyl-L-amino acids 11 have been synthesized with high enantiomeric purity (ee > 97%). These new radiopharmaceuticals for Positron Emission Tomography (PET), potential ... [more ▼]

Various [18F]fluoro aromatic α-methyl-L-amino acids 11 have been synthesized with high enantiomeric purity (ee > 97%). These new radiopharmaceuticals for Positron Emission Tomography (PET), potential inhibitors of enzymatic functions, were regiospecifically labelled by nucleophilic substitution on trimethylammoniumbenzaldehyde triflate precursors 9. The [18F]fluoro aromatic aldehydes 12 obtained were easily converted to the corresponding [18F]fluorobenzyl halides [13 (X = 1)]. After alkylation of the lithium enolate of (2S,5S)-l-tert-Boc-2-tert-butyl-3,5-dimethyl-imidazolidin-4-one 2, the adducts were cleaved to give, after HPLC purification, various [18F]fluoro-α-methyl amino acid analogs with radiochemical yields of 10% (End of Bombardment, EOB) after a synthesis time of 120 min. The corresponding [19F]fluorinated amino acids 4 and [19F]fluoro intermediates were also prepared. [less ▲]

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See detailThe two beta-lactamase genes of Streptomyces cacaoi, blaL and blaU, are under the control of the same regulatory system.
Magdalena, J; Gérard, Christine; Joris, Bernard ULg et al

in Molecular & General Genetics [=MGG] (1997), 255(2), 187-93

The production of beta-lactamase in Streptomyces cacaoi, which contains two beta-lactamase-encoding genes, blaL and blaU, is inducible by beta-lactam compounds. The two genes have been cloned ... [more ▼]

The production of beta-lactamase in Streptomyces cacaoi, which contains two beta-lactamase-encoding genes, blaL and blaU, is inducible by beta-lactam compounds. The two genes have been cloned independently in S. lividans TK24, a beta-lactamase-negative species. The blaU clone did not respond to the presence of beta-lactams, whereas the blaL clone appeared to be inducible in S. lividans. The latter clone contains two open reading frames, blaA and blaB, located just upstream of but transcribed divergently from blaL, which were shown to be required for the production as well as the induction of BlaL. The deduced BlaA protein belongs to the LysR family of transcription regulators. In order to examine the role of BlaA in regulation, we here report on over-expression of a GST-BlaA fusion protein in Escherichia coli and its use for antibody preparation. The GST-BlaA fusion protein was partially purified and bandshift assays showed that it bound the 197-bp blaL-blaA intergenic region. The BlaA DNA binding-site was further restricted to a 30-bp sequence containing a T-N11-A motif, a characteristic of LysR-type promoters. Another T-N11-A motif upstream of the blaU gene was also shown to bind BlaA. The affinities of these two T-N11-A motifs in BlaA binding were comparable. A plasmid bearing the blaU structural gene and the blaA-blaB regulatory region was constructed and shown to confer on an S. lividans host the capacity to produce inducible beta-lactamase. It can thus be concluded that the S. cacaoi blaL and blaU genes are controlled by the same regulatory system. [less ▲]

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See detailColestasis asociada a ticlopidina
Diaz Fuenzalida, A.; VALDES SOCIN, Hernan Gonzalo ULg; Laudano, O. et al

in Gastroenterologia y Hepatologia (1997), 20(3), 128-30

The case of a 56-years-old male with cholestasis associated with ticlopidine is presented. Cholestasis is an infrequent adverse effect of this drug. The patient was admitted to hospital because of ... [more ▼]

The case of a 56-years-old male with cholestasis associated with ticlopidine is presented. Cholestasis is an infrequent adverse effect of this drug. The patient was admitted to hospital because of jaundice, choluria, and itching of one month of evolution. The patient had taken ticlopidine twice a day for 3 months up to one week prior to admission for peripheral arteriopathy. Biopsy was performed showing acinar cholestasis and portal inflammatory infiltrate compatible with cholestasis due to hypersensitivity. Ticlopidine was discontinued by the patient himself one week prior to admission. The drug was not readministered and the evolution of the clinical and biochemical parameters of cholestasis decreased. The patient was asymptomatic and laboratory data were normal 4 months later. [less ▲]

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See detailVaccinia virus immune evasion
Smith, G. L.; Symons, J. A.; Khanna, A. et al

in Immunological Reviews (1997), 159

Vaccinia virus and other poxviruses express a wide variety of proteins which are nonessential for virus replication in culture but help the virus to evade the host response to infection. Examples include ... [more ▼]

Vaccinia virus and other poxviruses express a wide variety of proteins which are nonessential for virus replication in culture but help the virus to evade the host response to infection. Examples include proteins which oppose apoptosis. Synthesise steroids, capture chemokines, counteract complement, interfere with interferon and intercept interleukins. This review provides an overview of such proteins, with an emphasis on work from our laboratory, and illustrates how the study of these proteins can increase our understanding of virus pathogenesis, the function of the immune system and how to make safer and more immunogenic poxvirus-based vaccines. [less ▲]

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See detailGlucose turnover in humans in the basal state and after intravenous glucose: a comparison of two models.
Overkamp, D.; Gautier, J. F.; Renn, W. et al

in American Journal of Physiology (1997), 273(2 Pt 1), 284-96

This study investigated the ability of two models to represent glucose kinetics in the basal steady state and during an intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT). Six young nonobese male subjects were ... [more ▼]

This study investigated the ability of two models to represent glucose kinetics in the basal steady state and during an intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT). Six young nonobese male subjects were studied after an overnight fast. Two bolus injections of [U-13C]glucose were given 150 min apart, the first without and the second together with concomitant injection of unlabeled glucose. [3-3H]glucose was constantly infused throughout the study and served to provide an independent means for evaluation of system responses. A linear time-invariant three-compartmental model and the two-compartment time-variant model proposed by Caumo and Cobelli were used to interpret measured time courses of [U-13C]glucose and to reconstruct endogenous glucose production and glucose removal. The ability of the two models to describe the glucose tracer time course was comparable. Simulation studies showed that the two-compartmental time-variant system better predicted measured [3-3H]glucose concentration profiles than did the three-compartmental time-invariant model. However, endogenous glucose production and the integral of excess glucose removal over basal during the IVGTT derived from the two models were almost identical. [less ▲]

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See detailPemphigus foliacé dans l'espèce équine : synthèse et description de 2 cas.
Amory, Hélène ULg; Beco, Luc; Desmecht, Daniel ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1997), 141

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See detailReassembly of functional nucleoli following in situ unraveling by low-ionic-strength treatment of cultured mammalian cells.
Zatsepina, O. V.; Dudnic, O. A.; Chentsov, Y. S. et al

in Experimental Cell Research (1997), 233(1), 155-68

In order to determine the most persistent components of the nucleolus that might serve as "core" nucleolar elements, we studied the reactivity of nucleoli in living mammalian cells subjected to hypotonic ... [more ▼]

In order to determine the most persistent components of the nucleolus that might serve as "core" nucleolar elements, we studied the reactivity of nucleoli in living mammalian cells subjected to hypotonic buffer saline followed by the incubation of the cells in an isotonic medium. To document as precisely as possible the fine structural changes which occurred, the cells were examined by video-enhanced optical microscopy, fluorescence confocal laser scanning microscopy, and electron microscopy combined with cytochemistry. Light microscopic autoradiography was used to demonstrate the transcriptional characteristics of the reassembled nucleoli. It was shown that all the major compartments of the intact nucleolus could be substantially affected by reduction of the osmolarity of the environmental media. The dynamic events of the nucleolar unraveling in low-salt buffers occurred in the following order: dispersion of the nucleolar pars granulosa, disassociation of the fibrillar complexes into discrete fibrillar centers (FCs) and the dense fibrillar component (DFC), and the almost complete unraveling of the DFC and FCs. At the terminal stages of nucleolar dispersion, the nuclear interior was mainly composed of a loose filamentous meshwork, and none of the typically discerned nucleolar constituents was recognized. Nevertheless, when hypotonically treated cells were returned to isotonic conditions, the nucleolar bodies rapidly began to reassemble. Within 1-2 h of cell incubation under isotonicity, the nucleoli not only became clearly visible, but also reconstituted to their initial size, shape, and position within the nucleus. The ultrastructure and functional activity of the reassembled nucleoli were also found to be fully comparable to those of the untreated controls. These data indicate that the architectural composition of the interphase nucleolus is strictly controlled by the cell. As far as could be determined, none of the usual substructures of the intact nucleolus that could be substituted by complete reassembly of the nucleolar bodies in normotonic conditions, including FCs and the DFC, remained clearly preserved in the terminal stage of nucleolar unraveling. We concluded that the integrity of the nucleolus was mainly preserved by the nuclear or nucleolar matrix system rather than by any other nucleolar structural domains. [less ▲]

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See detailCombined Effect of Web 2086 (Paf Antagonist) and Ketoprofen (Nsaid) on Paf-Induced Ex Vivo Platelet Aggregation in Bovine
Bastos da Silva, Miriam; Herion, Francine ULg; Raskinet, Renée ULg et al

in Journal of Veterinary Medicine. A, Physiology, Pathology, Clinical Medicine (1997), 44(2), 65-71

The effect of the specific PAF-antagonist WEB 2086, a thieno-triazolo-diazepine, and ketoprofen, a NSAID, was investigated on PAF-induced bovine platelet aggregation measured ex vivo in platelet-rich ... [more ▼]

The effect of the specific PAF-antagonist WEB 2086, a thieno-triazolo-diazepine, and ketoprofen, a NSAID, was investigated on PAF-induced bovine platelet aggregation measured ex vivo in platelet-rich plasma (PRP). WEB 2086 was infused intravenously over 1 min followed immediately by ketoprofen administration over 1 s (both drugs = 3 mg/kg), in a group of six healthy male Friesian calves. Depending on the PAF concentration, a reversible (10(-8)-10(-9) mol/l) and irreversible (10(-5)-10(-7) mol/l) platelet aggregation was observed. The reversible aggregation was completely blocked by pretreatment of the animal with WEB 2086 and ketoprofen. The inhibitory effects observed during the irreversible aggregation were 47.22%, 54.00% and 88.00% at 10(-5), 10(-6) and 10(-7) mol/l PAF, respectively. Moreover, the aggregation obtained in these condition became reversible. Maximal inhibitory effect of WEB 2086 and ketoprofen on PAF-induced platelet aggregation in calves was observed within 30 min after administration of both drugs. This inhibition persisted even after 24 h and was significantly different from control with P < 0.05. The combined effect of both drugs exceeded the sum of the individual effects (synergism). It was concluded that WEB 2086 and ketoprofen very effectively blocked PAF-induced bovine platelet aggregation in platelet-rich plasma. The study also suggested a synergism between both substances. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Burden of Hypopituitarism in Adults after Pituitary Surgery
Van Roijen, L.; Beckers, Albert ULg; Stevenaert, Achille ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (1997), 4(Suppl. B), 139-142

The burden of illness was assessed in 183 hypopituitary patients, with growth hormone deficiency, who had received pituitary surgery at the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège, Belgium. The Short ... [more ▼]

The burden of illness was assessed in 183 hypopituitary patients, with growth hormone deficiency, who had received pituitary surgery at the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège, Belgium. The Short-Form 36 (SF-36) was used to assess health status, and the Health and Labour Questionnaire was used to obtain data on production loss and reduced labout performance. Data on medical consumption were also collected. The overall response rate was 72 %. Hypopituitary patients reported a lower health status than that of the mean population in all but two dimensions of the SF-36 (bodily pain and physical functioning). A relativelu high percentage of hypopituitary patients reported being incapacitated for paid employment, and those in paid employment reported higher absence rates compared with reference data. However, while at work there was no indication that hypopituitary patients perform less well due to health problems than the average population. Healthcare costs for hypopituitary patients who had undergone pituitary surgery were higher than for the reference population. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of insulin-related peptides in the human thymus
Geenen, Vincent ULg; Lefebvre, Pierre ULg

in International Diabetes Monitor (1997), 9

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See detailNote sous Cassation, 7 mai 1996
Orban, Lionel ULg

in Actualités du Droit (1997)

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See detailMemory kernels and effective Hamiltonians from time dependent methods. I. Predissociation with a curve crossing
Desouter, Michèle ULg; Liévin, Jacques

in Journal of Chemical Physics (1997), 107

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See detailNew insights into the metastasis-associated 67 kD laminin receptor.
Menard, S.; Castronovo, Vincenzo ULg; Tagliabue, E. et al

in Journal of Cellular Biochemistry (1997), 67(2), 155-65

The interactions between tumor cells and laminin or other components of the extracellular matrix have been shown to play an important role in tumor invasion and metastasis. These interactions are mediated ... [more ▼]

The interactions between tumor cells and laminin or other components of the extracellular matrix have been shown to play an important role in tumor invasion and metastasis. These interactions are mediated by different cell surface molecules, including the monomeric 67 kD laminin receptor. This molecule appears to be very peculiar since so, far only a full-length gene encoding a 37 kD precursor protein has been isolated and the mechanism by which the precursor reaches the mature form is not understood. Based on clinical data, which clearly demonstrate the importance of the receptor in tumor progression, studies were conducted to define the structure, expression, and function of this laminin receptor as a step toward developing therapeutic strategies that target this molecule. The data suggest that acylation of the precursor is the key mechanism in maturation of the 67 kD form. The function of the membrane receptor is to stabilize the binding of laminin to cell surface integrins, acting as an integrin-accessory molecule, although homology of the gene encoding the receptor precursor with other genes suggests additional functions. Downregulation of the receptor expression on tumor cells might open new therapeutic approaches to decrease tumor aggressiveness. [less ▲]

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See detailChanging sensitivity to duration in human scalar timing: An experiment, a review, and some possible explanations
Ferrara, André ULg; Lejeune, Helga ULg; Wearden, J. H.

in Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. B, Comparative & Physiological Psychology (1997), 50B

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See detailExtensive Ulcerative Colitis and Extraintestinal Manifestations in a Patient with Hiv Infection and Significant Cd4 T-Cell Lymphopenia
Louis, Edouard ULg; Moutschen, Michel ULg; de Marneffe, Pierre et al

in Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique (1997), 21(11), 884-7

We report a heterosexual patient with HIV infection and a CD4 T-cell count of 0.45 x 10(9)/L who developed mild ulcerative proctitis, sacroileitis and oligoarthiritis. While he was treated with 5 ... [more ▼]

We report a heterosexual patient with HIV infection and a CD4 T-cell count of 0.45 x 10(9)/L who developed mild ulcerative proctitis, sacroileitis and oligoarthiritis. While he was treated with 5-aminosalicylic enemas, the patient rapidly developed severe pancolitis. An emergency colectomy without procetectomy was performed. A few months later, he suffered recurrence of ulcerative proctitis, aggravation of arthritic pain and developed anterior uveitis. All symptoms disappeared after proctectomy. There was no evidence for opportunistic infection or Kaposi's sarcoma. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies were positive and the HLA-B27 antigen was present. CD4 counts were lower during the phases of active disease than during remission. This case demonstrates that severe ulcerative colitis can occur in the presence of moderate T-cell defects. In view of a recent report of remission of Crohn's disease under comparable circumstances, it is possible that the extent of T-cell involvement in both diseases is radically different. [less ▲]

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See detailSpinal ischaemia after surgery for abdominal infrarenal aortic aneurysm. Diagnosis with nuclear magnetic resonance.
Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg; OTTO, Bernard ULg; SAKALIHASAN, Natzi ULg et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (1997), 97(5), 250-6

A 76-year-old man underwent surgery for an infrarenal aortic aneurysm reaching 6 cm in maximal transverse diameter. The aorta was crossclamped below the level of the renal arteries. A tube graft was ... [more ▼]

A 76-year-old man underwent surgery for an infrarenal aortic aneurysm reaching 6 cm in maximal transverse diameter. The aorta was crossclamped below the level of the renal arteries. A tube graft was interposed and tend between the infrarenal aorta and the aortic bifurcation. Due to leakage on the suture line two consecutive episodes of crossclamping for a total duration of 40 min. were required. No hypotension was noted during or after the procedure. After operation, the patient complained of difficulties to move both legs and neurologic examination demonstrated paraparesis, with mild sensory deficit. Faecal and urinary incontinences were also noted and urodynamic testing demonstrated sphincterovesical palsy. Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging detected an ischaemic zone in the spinal cord at the level of T11. Faecal incontinence and motor deficit partially resolved but no bladder function recovery was observed. Spinal ischaemia is a rare complication after abdominal aortic surgery. Several risk factors have been suggested which include level and duration of the aortic crossclamping, possible interruption of the spinal cord blood supply via the greater medullary artery (the so-called artery of Adamkiewicz), presence of intra- or postoperative episodes of hypotension, atheromatous embolization, underlying occlusive arteriosclerosis of spinal arteries, and respect or not of the hypogastric circulation. In our case, the duration of the crossclamping and interruption of the blood flow in lumbar arteries probably supplying the distal spinal cord were likely contributive factors. [less ▲]

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See detailA Direct Dopaminergic Control of Aromatase Activity in the Quail Preoptic Area
Baillien, M.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Journal of Steroid Biochemistry & Molecular Biology (1997), 63(1-3, Sep-Oct), 99-113

In the quail preoptic area (POA) anatomical and pharmacological data suggest that catecholamines may be implicated in the control of testosterone (T) aromatization into estrogens. The biochemical ... [more ▼]

In the quail preoptic area (POA) anatomical and pharmacological data suggest that catecholamines may be implicated in the control of testosterone (T) aromatization into estrogens. The biochemical mechanism(s) mediating this control of the enzyme activity is (are) however unexplored. The present studies were carried out to investigate whether the catecholamines, dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE) are able to directly affect aromatase activity (AA) measured during in vitro incubations of POA homogenates. AA was quantified in the POA-hypothalamus of adult male Japanese quail by measuring the tritiated water production from [1beta-3H]-androstenedione. Enzyme activity was linear as a function of the incubation time and of the protein content of homogenates. It exhibited a typical Michaelis-Menten kinetics, with an apparent Km of 2.8 nM and a Vmax of 266.6 fmol h(-1) mg wet weight(-1). AA was then measured at a substrate concentration of 25 nM in the presence of catecholamines and some of their receptor agonists or antagonists, at two concentrations, 10(-3) and 10(-6) M. Norepinephrine and prazosin (alpha1-adrenergic antagonist) had no or very limited effects on AA at both concentrations. In contrast, DA and some D1 and/or D2 receptor agonists (apomorphine[D1/D2], SKF-38393 [D1] and RU-24213 [D2]) depressed AA by 40 to 70% at the 10(-3) M concentration. One D2 receptor antagonist also produced a major inhibition of AA (sulpiride) while other antagonists either had no significant effect or only produced moderate decreases in enzyme activity (SCH-23390 [D1], spiperone [D2], pimozide [D2]) as did two DA indirect agonists, amfonelic acid and nomifensine. The inhibitory effect of the agonists was not antagonized by the less active antagonists, SCH-23390 [D1] or spiperone [D2]. Taken together these results suggest that the inhibitory effects do not involve specific binding of DA or its agonists/antagonists to dopaminergic receptors mediating changes in cAMP concentration. This conclusion is also supported by the observation that addition of dibutyryl cAMP did not change brain AA. It appears more likely that DA and dopaminergic drugs inhibit AA by a direct effect on the enzyme, as suggested by the competitive nature of DA and SKF-38393 inhibition of AA (Ki's of 59 and 84 microM, respectively). The functional significance of this effect should still be demonstrated but this mechanism may represent an important physiological pathway through which neurotransmitters could rapidly affect steroid-dependent processes such as the neural synthesis of estrogens. This would provide a mean by which environmental stimuli could affect reproductive behavior and physiology. [less ▲]

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See detailPost-operative adjuvant therapy for non-small-cell lung cancer
Barthelemy, Nicole ULg; Johnson; Arriagada et al

in Lung Cancer (1997), 17(supp 1),

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See detailComparative cytokine production by in vitro stimulated mononucleated cells from cord blood and adult blood.
Sautois, Brieuc ULg; Fillet, Georges ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg

in Experimental hematology (1997), 25(2), 103-8

Cord blood transplantations successfully reconstituted hemopoiesis in patients treated with myeloablative therapies. These transplantations were associated with a low rate of acute graft-versus-host ... [more ▼]

Cord blood transplantations successfully reconstituted hemopoiesis in patients treated with myeloablative therapies. These transplantations were associated with a low rate of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), a major life-threatening complication of allo-transplantation. The physiopathology of aGVHD implies the recognition of host alloantigens by donor T cells but also involves a cytokine cascade. In this cascade, interleukin (IL)-1, IL-2, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) produced by donor T cells and monocytes/macrophages play a major effector role. Therefore, we investigated whether the lower percentage of aGVHD in cord blood transplants could be related to a lower ability to produce these cytokines in vitro compared with adult blood. Mononucleated cells (MNCs) isolated from term cord blood and adult peripheral blood were stimulated with a combination of lipopolysaccharide and phytohemaglutinin and incubated for 96 hours. Levels of IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-3, IL-4, IL-6, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) were measured in the supernatants after various times of incubation. The productions of IL-1beta, IL-6, and GM-CSF were similar in stimulated cord and adult blood and IL-3 levels, though lower and delayed in cord blood, were not statistically different. On the other hand, we found markedly lower levels of IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, and IL-4 in cord blood throughout the incubation period. The stimulated levels of IL-2 were similar in cord and adult samples throughout the first 48 hours of incubation but became significantly lower in cord blood after 72 and 96 hours. We suggest that the cytokine production pattern that characterizes cord blood could provide an explanation for the lower occurence of aGVHD following cord blood transplants. [less ▲]

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See detailThe spectrum of 67-kD laminin receptor expression in breast carcinoma progression.
Viacava, P.; Naccarato, A. G.; Collecchi, P. et al

in Journal of Pathology (The) (1997), 182(1), 36-44

Laminin is a glycoprotein of the basement membrane (BM), involved in a variety of normal and pathological cellular events including tumour invasion and metastasis. Cells bind laminin through different ... [more ▼]

Laminin is a glycoprotein of the basement membrane (BM), involved in a variety of normal and pathological cellular events including tumour invasion and metastasis. Cells bind laminin through different types of receptor. The 67-kD laminin receptor (67LR) is a cell-surface protein which binds laminin with high affinity. 67LR expression has been shown to increase in neoplastic cells, compared with normal tissues, and 67LR seems to play an important role during the first steps of neoplastic progression. In this study, 67LR expression was analysed during the morphological phases of breast cancer progression from normal tissue to invasive carcinoma. A total of 506 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded normal breast structures and lesions were stained by immunohistochemistry usign the MLuC5 monoclonal antibody, which is specific for 67LR. The results show that in normal breast and in any kind of breast lesion, myoepithelial and endothelial cells express 67LR. While 67LR is not seen in the epithelium of normal breast, cysts, adenosis, and benign tumours, it is expressed in the epithelial cells of several hyperplasias and carcinomas in situ, both ductal and lobular, as well as in all invasive carcinomas. The 67LR-positive cell subpopulation expands from hyperplastic lesions to invasive carcinoma, suggesting that 67LR could be related to the induction and progression of breast cancer. [less ▲]

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See detailEvidence For The Assignment Of Two Strains Of Splv To The Genus Potyvirus Based On Coat Protein And 3' Non-Coding Region Sequence Data
Colinet, Dominique; Kummert, Jean; Lepoivre, Philippe ULg

in Virus Research (1997), 49(1), 91-100

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See detailChanges in the Western Boundary Undercurrent outflow since the Last Glacial Maximum, from smectite/illite ratios in deep Labrador Sea sediments
Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Hillaire-Marcel; Robert, Christian

in Paleoceanography (1997), 12(1), 79-96

High-resolution mineralogical studies were performed on late glacial and deglacial sediments from two deep piston cores from the Labrador Sea, located at the inlet (SW Greenland Rise) and outlet (Labrador ... [more ▼]

High-resolution mineralogical studies were performed on late glacial and deglacial sediments from two deep piston cores from the Labrador Sea, located at the inlet (SW Greenland Rise) and outlet (Labrador Rise) of the Western Boundary Undercurrent (WBUC) gyre. At the two sites, smectites transported from the eastern Iceland and Irminger basins by the WBUC are observed. Clay mineral changes are used as proxies for the paleointensity reconstruction of the WBUC. On the Greenland Rise, a clay mineral index (smectite/illite (S/I) ratio) is defined. A S/I ratio of similar to 1 characterized the Last Glacial Maximum. It increased after similar to 17 ka, and reached a maximum value of 4 during the early Holocene, The mineralogical changes are gradual and do not show any reversal during the Younger Dryas, This pattern, which is confirmed by first-order estimations of smectite and illite fluxes, suggests gradually increasing sedimentary fluxes and WBUC intensity since the Last Glacial Maximum, A peak in the velocity of the WBUC at similar to 9 ka, as recorded by clay assemblages, is consistent with other regional studies based on pollen, foraminifera, or grain-size measurements, A massive dilution of smectites by illite and chlorite (S/I approximate to 3) occurs at similar to 8.5 ka. It corresponds to a period of rapid sediment accumulation and reflects an intensified illite-rich detrital supply by meltwaters from the southern Greenland Ice Margin. On the Labrador Rise, the smectite content varies between 20 and 60% with no obvious trend through time. The mineralogical composition is strongly influenced by ice-rafted deposition and by the abundance of fast deposit units (cf, Heinrich layers in the North Atlantic) which contain abundant detrital carbonates spilled-over from the North-West Atlantic Mid-Ocean Channel. In such layers, smectites are present but are diluted by the addition of illites, chlorites, and kaolinites. This provides evidence for a discrete and continuous WBUC supply of fine particles from the Irminger and Iceland Basins as far as the southeastern part of the Labrador Basin, Early deglacial smectite-rich layers (up to 60%) are also observed at this site, They indicate an increase in the outflow of the WBUC at similar to 13.5 ka, (Bolling-Allerod), as previously reported from grain size or foraminiferal assemblage studies. [less ▲]

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See detailFusion Of Bovine Leukemia Virus With Target Cells Monitored By R18 Fluorescence And Pcr Assays
Zarkik, S.; Defrisequertain, F.; Portetelle, Daniel ULg et al

in Journal of Virology (1997), 71(1),

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See detailEtude morphométrique du sabot et du petit sésamoïde du cheval
Gabriel, Annick ULg; Detilleux, J.; Jolly, S. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1997), 147

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See detailAnti-PMSG in sheep subjected annualy to oestrus synchronisation
Bodin, L.; Drion, Pierre ULg; Remy, Benoit et al

in Reproduction Nutrition Development (1997), 37

Estimation of the long-term consequences on reproduction performance of the oestrus synchronisation treatments that are annually applied to ewes was carried out on nine officially controlled dairy flocks ... [more ▼]

Estimation of the long-term consequences on reproduction performance of the oestrus synchronisation treatments that are annually applied to ewes was carried out on nine officially controlled dairy flocks in the Roquefort region of France. A hormonal treatment combining the insertion of a vaginal fluoro-gestone acetate (FGA) sponge for 14 days and the injection of about 500 IU of pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) at withdrawal was applied to the ewes in seven of the nine flocks. The ewes in the two other flocks were used as controls. Blood samples were taken from each female just before the treatment (to test for the presence of residual antibodies) and 20 days after the PMSG injection. Anti-PMSG antibody binding rates were calculated for each blood sample. The residual binding rate increased with age and induce negative effects on the following years reproduction performances, ie, they increased the probability that the ewes would not become pregnant. [less ▲]

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See detailHerpesvirus Of Turkeys Homologue Of Hsv Vp16 Is Structurally Related To Varicella Zoster Virus Trans-Inducing Protein Encoded By Orf 10
Kopacek, J.; Zelnik, V.; Brasseur, Robert ULg et al

in Virus Genes (1997), 15(1), 45-52

Expression of the immediate-early genes of alpha-herpesviruses is stimulated by a family of trans-inducing factors represented by VP16 of HSV-1 and ORF10 gene product of VZV. We have identified and ... [more ▼]

Expression of the immediate-early genes of alpha-herpesviruses is stimulated by a family of trans-inducing factors represented by VP16 of HSV-1 and ORF10 gene product of VZV. We have identified and determined the nucleotide sequence of the UL48 gene encoding the herpesvirus of turkeys (HVT) homologue of HSV VP16. The gene maps to the BamHI-J fragment and appears to be expressed in a form of bicistronic transcript together with UL49. The deduced amino acid sequence of the protein encoded by HVT UL48 gene shows 55% identity with MDV UL48 gene product. Like the majority of related proteins in other alpha-herpesviruses, the protein encoded by HVT UL48 gene lacks the acidic C-terminal tail, known to possess the transactivation capacity of HSV VP16. Hydrophobic cluster analysis has revealed that its predicted domain composition is closely related to the transactivator protein encoded by ORF10 of VZV. However, the putative amino-terminal activation domain of the HVT homologue of HSV VP16 does not contain a typical horseshoe-like hydrophobic cluster found in other alpha-herpesvirus homologues, suggesting either that it acts as a transactivator via a different activation domain or that its transactivation potential is diminished. [less ▲]

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See detailDesigning and implementing a GIS in an international context
Pantazis, Dimos N; Cornélis, Bernard ULg

in Transactions in GIS (1997), 1(4), 301-320

International collaborations between private companies, national research laboratories, and universities in the field of GIS have opened up new ways of exchanging knowledge and experiences between ... [more ▼]

International collaborations between private companies, national research laboratories, and universities in the field of GIS have opened up new ways of exchanging knowledge and experiences between different countries. However, when a collaboration involves the actual design and implementation of an operational GIS, rather than simply theoretical or applied research, or the development of specific applications, many problems can arise, sometimes leading either to the partial success or the complete failure of the project. Some of these problems are frequently encountered in all kinds of international collaborations: problems arising from different cultural mentalities, difficulties establishing a single common leadership, difficulties with communication and information exchange, and so on. Problems relating to the specific nature of the GIS are also present, for example the absence of digital geographic data format standards, the absence of metadata standards, the omission to use GIS or IS design methods, etc. This paper focuses on a joint Sino-Belgian project for the design and implementation of an urban geographical information system (UGIS) integrating remote sensing techniques in Hangzhou city, China and examines the general, specific, and international aspects of the problems encountered in an international collaboration. [less ▲]

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See detailDe l’acyclovir au valacyclovir: la biodisponibilité en plus de l’efficacité et de la tolérance
Rentier, Bernard ULg

in Virologics (1997), (Septembre), 10-11

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See detailCompte rendu de L. Couloubaritsis, J.-J. Wunenburger, La couleur, Bruxelles, 1993 (Recueil, 4)
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences (1997), 47

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See detailSoil Solution Nitrogen and Cations Influenced by (NH4)2SO4 Deposition in a Coniferous Forest
Carnol, Monique ULg; Ineson, Phil; Dickinson, A. L.

in Environmental Pollution (1997), 97(1-2), 1-10

The effects of chronically enhanced (NH(4))(2)SO(4) deposition on ion concentrations in soil solution and ionic fluxes were investigated in a Picea abies plot at Grizedale forest, NW England. Soil cores ... [more ▼]

The effects of chronically enhanced (NH(4))(2)SO(4) deposition on ion concentrations in soil solution and ionic fluxes were investigated in a Picea abies plot at Grizedale forest, NW England. Soil cores closed at the base and containing a ceramic suction cup sampler were 'roofed' and watered every 2 weeks with bulk throughfall collected in the field. Treatments consisted of the inclusion of living roots from mature trees in the lysimeters and increasing (NH(4))(2)SO(4) deposition (NS treatment) to ambient + 75 kg N ha(-1) a(-1). Rainfall, throughfall and soil solutions were collected every 2 weeks during 18 months, and analysed for major cations and anions. NO(3)(-) fluxes significantly increased following NS treatment, and were balanced by increased Al(3+) losses. Increased SO(4)(2-) concentrations played a minor role in controlling soil solution cation concentrations. The soil exchange complex was dominated by Al and, during the experimental period, cores of all treatments 'switched' from Ca(2+) to Al(3+) leaching, leading to mean [Formula: see text] molar ratios in soil solution of NS treated cores of 0.24. The experiment confirmed that the most sensitive soils to acidification (through deposition or changing environmental conditions) are those with low base saturation, and with a pH in the lower Ca, or Al buffer ranges. [less ▲]

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See detailA propos d'un cas de rupture myocardique dans un traumatisme thoracique ferme.
Demarche, M.; SAKALIHASAN, Natzi ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(2), 105-9

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See detailSoluble and cell-associated transferrin receptor in lung cancer.
Dowlati, A.; Loo; Bury, Thierry ULg et al

in British Journal of Cancer (1997), 75(12), 1802-6

The expression of transferrin receptor (TfR) has been identified in many malignant tumours. In lung cancer, lymphoma and breast cancer, it has been shown that the expression of TfR correlates with tumour ... [more ▼]

The expression of transferrin receptor (TfR) has been identified in many malignant tumours. In lung cancer, lymphoma and breast cancer, it has been shown that the expression of TfR correlates with tumour differentiation, probably implying some prognostic value. A soluble form of TfR (sTfR) in human serum has been shown to be proportional to the number of cellular TfRs. Based on these data we examined the utility of measuring sTfR in the serum and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid of patients with lung cancer (n = 32) and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (n = 22). BAL fluid was centrifuged to separate the supernatant from the cellular component. Cells were lysed in a detergent and cell-associated TfR was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and expressed as ng 10(-6) cells in this cellular component. There was no difference in serum sTfR between the cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) groups. A higher level of cell-associated TfR was found in BAL of non-small-cell lung cancer patients than in COPD patients (P = 0.01). The calculated number of TfR molecules per cell in BAL correlated positively with the percentage of macrophages in BAL (P < 0.0001), suggesting that cell-associated TfR in BAL originates primarily from macrophages in this fluid. No correlation existed between BAL cell-associated TfR and tumour size, nodal status, the presence of metastases and serum sTfR. BAL cell-associated TfR was negatively correlated with BAL supernatant neuron-specific enolase (NSE) (P = 0.01). A combination of BAL supernatant NSE and cell-associated TfR detected lung cancer with a sensitivity of 91%, a specificity of 59% and positive and negative predictive values of 81% and 71% respectively. In conclusion, BAL cell-associated TfR may help in the differential diagnosis of lung cancer vs pneumonia. [less ▲]

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See detailHuman TEF-5 is preferentially expressed in placenta and binds to multiple functional elements of the human chorionic somatomammotropin-B gene enhancer
Jacquemin, Patrick; Martial, Joseph ULg; Davidson, Irwin

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (1997), 272(20), 12928-37

We report the cloning of a cDNA encoding the human transcription factor hTEF-5, containing the TEA/ATTS DNA binding domain and related to the TEF family of transcription factors. hTEF-5 is expressed in ... [more ▼]

We report the cloning of a cDNA encoding the human transcription factor hTEF-5, containing the TEA/ATTS DNA binding domain and related to the TEF family of transcription factors. hTEF-5 is expressed in skeletal and cardiac muscle, but the strongest expression is observed in the placenta and in placenta-derived JEG-3 choriocarcinoma cells. In correlation with its placental expression, we show that hTEF-5 binds to several functional enhansons of the human chorionic somatomammotropin (hCS)-B gene enhancer. We define a novel functional element in this enhancer comprising tandemly repeated sites to which hTEF-5 binds cooperatively. In the corresponding region of the hCS-A enhancer, which is known to be inactive, this element is inactivated by a naturally occurring single base mutation that disrupts hTEF-5 binding. We further show that the binding of the previously described placental protein f/chorionic somatomammotropin enhancer factor-1 to TEF-binding sites is disrupted by monoclonal antibodies directed against the TEA domain and that this factor is a proteolytic degradation product of the TEF factors. These results strongly suggest that hTEF-5 regulates the activity of the hCS-B gene enhancer. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of whole milk in diet of growing fattening Belgian Blue bulls on animal performances and on fatty acid composition in subcutaneous, intermuscular and intramuscular fats
Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg; Clinquart, Antoine ULg; Van Eenaeme, Christian ULg et al

in Livestock Production Science (1997), 48

Influence of milk in diet of growing fattening Belgian Blue bulls on animal performances and on fatty acid composition in subcutaneous, intermuscular and intramuscular fats. The use of milk as component ... [more ▼]

Influence of milk in diet of growing fattening Belgian Blue bulls on animal performances and on fatty acid composition in subcutaneous, intermuscular and intramuscular fats. The use of milk as component of a fattening diet for bulls was studied in an experiment carried-out over 2 years with Belgian Blue bulls. The animals weighed 305 kg at the beginning of the experiment. In all, 15 bulls were given a control concentrate fattening diet (control group, CG), while 11 others were fed concentrate plus 6.5 to 11 1 whole milk per day according to weight or age (milk group, MG). The fattening period lasted for 174 and 181 d respectively in groups CG and MG. The MG-group had a higher killing-out percentage (P < 0.01) and the meat was characterized by a lower b* value and a lower dry matter content (P < 0.1). Whole milk in the diet increased the proportion of shorter chain and saturated fatty acids in fat (P < 0.001) and reduced the proportion of mono- and polyunsaturated acids (P < 0.05; P < 0.1). The extent of the changes were larger in subcutaneous and intermuscular fats than in intramuscular fat. [less ▲]

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See detailSurveillance des états hypertensifs sévères
Brichant, Jean-François ULg

in Gunaïkeia (1997), 2

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See detailCharacterization of Clostridium perfringens isolates from goats.
Phukan, A.; Dutta, G.-N.; Daube, Georges ULg et al

in Indian Veterinary Journal (The) (1997), 74

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See detailSympathetic modulation of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction in intact dogs
Brimioulle, Serge; Vachiéry, Jean-Luc; Brichant, Jean-François ULg et al

in Cardiovascular Research (1997), 34

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See detailPerspective in the treatment of insulin resistance.
Scheen, André ULg

in Human Reproduction (1997), 12 Suppl 1

Improving the action of insulin is a relatively new concept in therapy. It should, however, become more and more important because of the rapid expansion of the insulin resistance syndrome (including ... [more ▼]

Improving the action of insulin is a relatively new concept in therapy. It should, however, become more and more important because of the rapid expansion of the insulin resistance syndrome (including upper body adiposity, glucose intolerance, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, etc.) in industrialized countries and its dramatic consequences for public health. Insulin sensitivity can be improved by non-pharmacological means, essentially reduction of excessive body weight, promotion of regular physical activity and modification of dietary habits, as well as, possibly, cessation of smoking and correction of subclinical magnesium deficiency. Currently available pharmacological means mainly include the biguanide compound metformin and possibly anti-obesity agents, such as (d-) fenfluramine, fluoxetine and benfluorex. New compounds aiming at improving the action of insulin are in development, especially the thiazolidinedione derivatives (e.g. troglitazone), known as 'insulin sensitizers'. Treatment of insulin resistance may have important gynaecological applications, essentially in polycystic ovary syndrome and, possibly, after menopause. Hopefully, improving insulin sensitivity could ameliorate the cardiovascular prognosis of numerous individuals having some or all components of insulin resistance syndrome. [less ▲]

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See detailNanoindentation and scanning force microscopy as a novel method for the characterization of tribological transfer films
Randall, N. X.; Bozet, Jean-Luc ULg

in Wear (1997), 212(1), 18-24

In conventional pin-on-disk testing of the tribological characteristics of two different materials in sliding contact, the main parameters of interest are notably the friction and wear properties of the ... [more ▼]

In conventional pin-on-disk testing of the tribological characteristics of two different materials in sliding contact, the main parameters of interest are notably the friction and wear properties of the material pair. However, when two bodies consisting of hard and soft materials respectively are subjected to such testing, the appearance of a transfer film, or third body, which can be a composite mixture of the two, is often observed. Until now the characterization of transfer films in terms of their mechanical properties has been hampered by their nonhomogeneous distribution across a tested surface, their small size, low thickness and the difficulty in accurately positioning a test probe such that the film properties can be measured independently from those of the substrate. In this paper a new method is introduced, consisting of nanoindentation and scanning force microscopy (SFM), which is capable of highly localized indentation testing of a specified sample site with high resolution imaging of the area prior to and after indentation. In this way the hardness and modulus of a transfer film can be obtained, as well as valuable surface topographical information concerning the material response to the indentation. Measurements are presented for the material pair A286/polyimide after testing on a pin-on-disk tribometer in ambient air and liquid nitrogen. Distinct variations in hardness between the transfer films and their contacting bodies have een observed and correlated to the wear behaviour and testing environment. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science S.A. [less ▲]

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See detailElectrospray Mass Spectrometry Study of Selective Complexes of Polyammonium Macrotricyclic Ligands with Dicarboxylic Acids
Collette, Caroline ULg; Meunier, Cécile; De Pauw, Edwin ULg et al

in Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry : RCM (1997), 11

Macrocyclic and macropolycyclic polyammonium host molecules have been shown to complex a variety of inorganic and organic anions strongly and selectively. The selectivity of the complexation depends on ... [more ▼]

Macrocyclic and macropolycyclic polyammonium host molecules have been shown to complex a variety of inorganic and organic anions strongly and selectively. The selectivity of the complexation depends on the substrate lenght and on the size of the host cavity of the macrocycle. We describe in this article the analysis of the complexation of dicarboxylic acid substrates by a macrotricyclic host using electrospray mass spectrometry. [less ▲]

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See detailElastic vector-meson production at HERA
Cudell, Jean-René ULg; Royen, I.

in Physics Letters B (1997), 397

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See detailRelationships of growth hormone gene and milk protein polymorphisms to milk production traits in Simmental cattle
Falaki, M.; Prandi, A.; Corradini, C. et al

in Journal of Dairy Research (1997), 64(1), 47-56

The importance of milk proteins and the positive effect of administration of growth hormone (GH) on milk production, and the presence in some dairy cattle lines of greater GH concentrations prompted us to ... [more ▼]

The importance of milk proteins and the positive effect of administration of growth hormone (GH) on milk production, and the presence in some dairy cattle lines of greater GH concentrations prompted us to examine the presence of restriction fragment length polymorphism at the GH gene using the restriction enzyme TaqI and to investigate associations between this polymorphism in Simmental cows and bulls, as well as milk protein variants in Simmental cows, and milk production traits. Blood and milk were sampled from 279 Italian Simmental cows and semen was collected from 148 bulls of the same breed. Two fragment bands, denoted A and B, of 6200 and 5200 bp respectively, were examined and three patterns, AA, AB and BB, were found in both animal samples. All variants previously reported in other studies, for kappa, beta, and alpha(s1)-caseins, and beta-lactoglobulin, were found in the cows' samples. For the cows' samples, a BLUP (Best Linear Unbiased Predictor) analysis of results was performed using a REML (Restricted Maximum Likelihood) program and known heritabilities, whereas for bulls we have performed a General Linear Model analysis. The effect of GH gene polymorphism, using TaqI restriction enzyme, on milk production traits was not significant, but bulls of BB pattern had a higher breeding value for milk yield than AA bulls (P < 0.05). For the kappa-casein genotypic effects, cows of AB genotype gave milli with 1.53+/-0.70 g/kg less fat than cows of AA genotype. In addition, breeding values for milk protein content were significantly higher in BB bulls, with 0.87+/-0.32 and 0.71+/-0.34 g/kg more milk protein than AA and AB bulls respectively. Thus, our results revealed a GH gene polymorphism and indicated significant effects of milk protein polymorphisms on milk production traits in the Italian Simmental breed. [less ▲]

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See detailHooliganisme: la délinquance des stades de football
Comeron, Manuel ULg

in Déviance et Société (1997), 21(1), 97-113

Analyse de la violence des supporters: individuelle, groupale, foule et sociétale.

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See detailCell-line specific radiosensitizing effect of zalcitabine (DDC)
Coucke, Philippe ULg; Li, Ye-Xiong; Copaceanu, Marie-Laure et al

in Acta Oncologica (1997)

The potential of zalcitabine (ddC) to act as an ionizing radiation response modifier was tested on exponentially growing human cancer cells in vitro. Two human cell lines, WiDr (colon) and MCF-7 (breast ... [more ▼]

The potential of zalcitabine (ddC) to act as an ionizing radiation response modifier was tested on exponentially growing human cancer cells in vitro. Two human cell lines, WiDr (colon) and MCF-7 (breast) were exposed to ddC at 10 p M concentration for various lengths of tide (18, 24, 48 and 72 h). On the WiDr cell line the dual effect of concentration and duration of exposure prior to irradiation was investigated. Experimental endpoints were clonogenicity and viability, as measured by colony formation assay (CFA) and MTT assay respectively. The impact on cell-cycle distribution prior to irradiation was assessed by flow cytometry using a double labeling technique (propidium iodide and bromodeoxyuridine pulse label). A significant reduction in surviving fraction and viability was observed for WiDr-cells irradiated after pre-exposure to 10 pM for 18, 48 and 72 h as compared to corresponding irradiated controls. At lower concentrations (1 and 5 pM), the radiosensitizing effect was only significant after a 72-h exposure (assessed by CFA). For MCF-7, ddC induced a significant modification of the dose response only with 24 and 48 h preincubation. However, the overall effect was less pronounced as compared to WiDr. Cell-cycle analysis showed accumulation in S-phase, 48 and 72 h after treatment with 10 pM ddC in the WiDr cells, with a progressive shift to late S-phase as shown by the biparametric analysis. The degree of radiosensitization is cell-line dependent with the most important sensitization observed on the most <<radioresistant cell line>>, ix., the cell line with the lowest alpha value and highest SF 2 (WiDr). For WiDr, radiosensitization by ddC depends on the duration of exposure and the concentration of the drug. Received 29 February 1996 Accepted 10 December 1996 [less ▲]

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See detailKlanknabootsingen in strips
Meesters, Gert ULg

in Nederlands van nu (1997), 45(3), 82-83

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See detailIA-2-autoantibodies complement GAD65-autoantibodies in new-onset IDDM patients and help predict impending diabetes in their siblings. The Belgian Diabetes Registry.
Gorus, F. K.; Goubert, P.; Semakula, C. et al

in Diabetologia (1997), 40(1), 95-9

IA-2 has been identified as an autoantigen that is recognized by immunoglobulins from insulin-dependent diabetic (IDDM) patients. Using a liquid phase radiobinding assay, we performed an IA-2-autoantibody ... [more ▼]

IA-2 has been identified as an autoantigen that is recognized by immunoglobulins from insulin-dependent diabetic (IDDM) patients. Using a liquid phase radiobinding assay, we performed an IA-2-autoantibody (IA-2-Ab) assay in 474 IDDM patients and 482 non-diabetic control subjects aged 0-3 years. IA-2-Ab were detected in 58% of the patients and 0.8% of control subjects. Their prevalence in patients was lower than that of islet cell autoantibodies (ICA; 73%) or glutamic acid decarboxylase (M(r) 65 kDa)-autoantibodies (GAD65-Ab; 82%) but higher than that of insulin autoantibodies (IAA; 42%). IA-2-Ab were more frequent in patients under age 20 years (70%) than between 20 and 40 years (45%; p < 0.001). In the whole IDDM group, 92% of patients were positive for at least one of the three molecular assays, which is higher than the positivity for the ICA assay (73%). Only 1% was negative in the molecular assays and positive in the ICA assay. IA-2-Ab levels were positively correlated with ICA titres (p < 0.001) and HLA DQ A1*0301-DQ B1*0.02 (p < 0.003) by multivariate analysis. In a group of 481 non-diabetic siblings (age 0-39 years) of IDDM patients only 7 were IA-2-Ab positive (1.5%). All seven were under age 20 years and positive for at least two other autoantibodies and for DQ A1*0301-DQB1*0302. Four of these seven developed IDDM during the 6-70-month follow-up period. The positive predictive value of IA-2-Ab (57%) was higher than that of ICA, GAD65-Ab or IAA alone, or in combination (< or = 20%) but these calculations are restricted by the relatively short observation period and the small number of cases. The only IA-2-Ab-negative case of pre-diabetes was also negative for IAA and GAD65-Ab, while it was strongly positive for ICA. In conclusion, IA-2-Ab show a high diagnostic specificity for IDDM and are predictive markers of impending diabetes in siblings of patients. In combination with other molecular antibody assays they may replace ICA testing in future. Our data also indicate that other autoantibodies than IA-2-Ab, GAD65-Ab and IAA contribute to ICA. [less ▲]

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See detailEssai comparatif de deux antalgiques, la floctafénine et le paracétamol, au cours de l’arthrose des membres inférieurs
Lequesne, M; Fannius, J; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme (1997), 64(5), 349-355

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See detailMeasurements of the ground state ionization energy and wavelengths for the 1snp1P1 - 1s2 1S0(n=4-10) lines of O VII
Bartnik, A.; Biémont, Emile ULg; Dyakin, V. M. et al

in Journal of Physics : B Atomic Molecular & Optical Physics (1997), 30

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See detailLe sondage de Focant: lithostratigraphie et implications structurales
Boulvain, Frédéric ULg; Coen-Aubert, M.

in Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Belgium (1997), 43

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See detailA global model of the biosphere : validation and applications to present and past climatic conditions
François, Louis ULg; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Nemry, Bernard et al

in Sciences Géologiques. Bulletin (1997), 50(1-4), 89-107

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See detailPresence of pap-, sfa- and afa-related sequences in necrotoxigenic Escherichia coli isolates from cattle : evidence for new variants of the AFA family
Mainil, Jacques ULg; Jacquemin, E.; Hérault, F. et al

in Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research = Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire (1997), 61

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See detailA novel virus blinding assay using confocal microscopy: demonstration that the intracellular and extracellular vaccinia virions bind to different cellular receptors
Vanderplasschen, Alain ULg; Smith, G. L.

in Journal of Virology (1997), 71

Vaccinia virus (VV) produces two antigenically and structurally distinct infectious virions, intracellular mature virus (IMV) and extracellular enveloped virus (EEV), which bind to unidentified and ... [more ▼]

Vaccinia virus (VV) produces two antigenically and structurally distinct infectious virions, intracellular mature virus (IMV) and extracellular enveloped virus (EEV), which bind to unidentified and possibly different cellular receptors. Studies of VV binding have been hampered by having two infectious virions and by the rupture of the EEV outer membrane in the majority of EEV virions during purification. To overcome these problems, we have developed a novel approach to study VV binding that is based on confocal microscopy and does not require EEV purification. In this assay, individual virus particles adsorbed to the cell are simultaneously distinguished and quantified by double immunofluorescence labelling with antibody markers for EEV and IMV. By this method, we show unequivocally that IMV and EEV bind to different cellular receptors. Three independent observations allow this conclusion. First, the efficiencies with which IMV and EEV bind to different cell lines are unrelated; second, cell surface digestion with some enzymes affects IMV and EEV binding differently; and third, the binding of a monoclonal antibody to cells prevents IMV binding but not EEV binding. This technique may be widely applicable for studying the binding of different viruses. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Photoabsorption Spectrum of Vinylchloride (C2H3Cl) in the 8-12 eV Range.
Locht, Robert ULg; Leyh, Bernard ULg; Hottmann, K. et al

in Chemical Physics (1997), 220

The photoabsorption spectrum of vinylchloride (C2H3Cl) has been measured using synchrotron radiation and has been analyzed in detail between 8-12 eV photon energy. Valence and virtual valence and Rydberg ... [more ▼]

The photoabsorption spectrum of vinylchloride (C2H3Cl) has been measured using synchrotron radiation and has been analyzed in detail between 8-12 eV photon energy. Valence and virtual valence and Rydberg transitions have been identified and classified. Tentative assignments were based on the ionization energies as measured by He(I)- and threshold photoelectron spectroscopy, as reported in the joined paper. Many features have been identified as being members of vibrational progressions belonging to the observed Rydberg series. [less ▲]

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See detailLuteinizing hormone increases the abundance of various transcripts, independently of the androgens, in the rat prostate.
Reiter, E.; Poncin, Joseph ULg; Hennuy, Benoît ULg et al

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (1997), 233(1), 108-12

Differential display analysis was carried out to find, in the rat prostate, genes that could be regulated by Luteinizing Hormone (LH), independently of the androgens. Hypophysectomized and castrated adult ... [more ▼]

Differential display analysis was carried out to find, in the rat prostate, genes that could be regulated by Luteinizing Hormone (LH), independently of the androgens. Hypophysectomized and castrated adult rats were treated with either LH, testosterone or saline. Regulated discrete bands have been eluted and reamplified. After Northern blotting, the levels of mRNA corresponding to 8 PCR fragments were significantly increased by LH treatment. None of these inserts were found to be induced by testosterone. One insert was subcloned, sequenced and identified as the ribosomial protein S 23. A competitive RT-PCR assay was carried out on the full length S 23 cDNA and confirmed that its mRNA levels were stimulated by LH but not by testosterone. These results strongly suggest that the LH membrane receptor, previously shown to be expressed in the rat prostate, has a physiological significance in this organ. Moreover, it appears that the effect of LH on the rat prostate are independent of the androgens. [less ▲]

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See detailRelations entre les conditions d'habitat et la pathologie en production de viande bovine
Nicks, Baudouin ULg

in Aspects de la conception des bâtiments pour les bovins à viande (1997)

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See detailStructural And Functional Properties Of The 154-171 Wild-Type And Variant Peptides Of Human Lecithin-Cholesterol Acyltransferase
Peelman, F.; Goethals, M.; Vanloo, B. et al

in European Journal of Biochemistry (1997), 249(3), 708-15

The 154-171 segment of the human lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) enzyme was identified as the most stable amphipathic helix in the LCAT sequence. Its mean hydrophobicity, hydrophobic moment ... [more ▼]

The 154-171 segment of the human lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) enzyme was identified as the most stable amphipathic helix in the LCAT sequence. Its mean hydrophobicity, hydrophobic moment and its orientation at a lipid/water interface are similar to those of some of the helical repeats of apolipoprotein A-IV and E. This domain was therefore proposed as a candidate peptide accounting for the association between LCAT and its lipid substrate. To investigate this hypothesis we synthesized the LCAT-(154-171)-peptide, two variants containing the natural Y156N and R158C mutations and a variant with increased hydrophobicity through Y156I, L160I, L163I and Y171W substitutions. The structural and lipid-binding properties of these synthetic peptides were investigated by turbidity, fluorescence, electron microscopy and circular dichroism. The wild-type peptide, the R158C variant in its dimeric form, as well as the more hydrophobic peptide, associated with phospholipids, whereas the Y156N and the R158C variant in its monomeric form did not. However, only the complexes generated with the hydrophobic variant were stable enough to resist dissociation during gel filtration. The wild-type peptide and hydrophobic variant formed discoidal complexes with dimyristoylglycerophosphocholine (Myr2GroPCho) as shown by negative staining electron microscopy. Comparison of the properties of the wild-type and hydrophobic variant LCAT-(154-171)-peptide stresses the contribution of the hydrophobic face of the amphipathic helix to the formation and stabilization of the peptide/lipid complexes. This is further confirmed by the decreased affinity of the Y156N variant peptide for lipids, as this mutation decreased the mean hydrophobicity of the hydrophobic face of the amphipathic helix. These results support the hypothesis that the 154-171 segment of LCAT might be involved in the interaction of the enzyme with its lipid substrate and suggest that the decreased activity of the Y156N natural LCAT mutant might result from a decreased affinity of this mutant for lipids. [less ▲]

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See detailPit-1 gene polymorphism, milk yield, and conformation traits for Italian Holstein-Friesian bulls
Renaville, Robert ULg; Gengler, Nicolas ULg; Vrech, E. et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (1997), 80(12), 34313438

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See detailIntroduction
Delhalle, Nancy ULg

in Alternatives Théâtrales (1997), 55

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See detailTell Amarna 1997
Tunca, Önhan ULg

in Chronique archéologique en Syrie 2 (1997)

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See detailHarm avoidance dimension of the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire and serotonin-1A activity in depressed patients.
Hansenne, Michel ULg; Pitchot, William ULg; Moreno, A. G. et al

in Biological Psychiatry (1997), 42(10), 959-61

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See detailGénération innommable
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Textyles : Revue des Lettres Belges de Langue Française (1997), 14

Evocation de tendances romanesque ayant émergé dans les années 1980 et 1990 envisagées au moyen des notions discutables et discutées de "minimalisme" et de "postmodernité".

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