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See detailDescription of patients consulting the voice clinic regarding gender, age, occupational status and diagnosis
Remacle, Angélique ULg; Petitfils, Cloé; FINCK, Camille ULg et al

in European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology : Official Journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) (in press)

Purpose. To describe the gender, age, occupational status and diagnosis of dysphonic patients. Method. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 1079 patients examined at the Voice clinic of the ... [more ▼]

Purpose. To describe the gender, age, occupational status and diagnosis of dysphonic patients. Method. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 1079 patients examined at the Voice clinic of the University hospital of Liège in French-speaking Belgium. Results. Overall, seven out of 10 patients who attended the voice clinic for dysphonia were females. The patients’ ages ranged from 4 to 93 (mean=43.5). Females predominantly consulted at the age of 54 and males at the age of 9. Regarding the occupational status, workers represented more than half of our patients (53%), while 11.2% were unemployed, 15.4% were students, and 19.9% were retired. Regarding the diagnoses of the 1079 patients, nodules were the most common pathologies (n=182, 16.9% of the patients), prevailing in females (n=142, 18.8% of the females), encountered in 16.8% of the workers and 42.8% of the students consulting the voice clinic. Following nodules, laryngeal mobility disorders were diagnosed in 16.4% of the patients (n=177), mainly females (n=115), and was the most frequent diagnosis in retirees (n=75, 34.9%). Conclusions. The majority of the patients consulting the voice clinic for dysphonia were adult females, in their workforce, diagnosed with vocal nodules. The identification of the patients’ characteristics and diagnoses is important to develop treatments and prevention of dysphonia, estimate their costs, and allow comparisons across referral centers. [less ▲]

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See detailNote a Jacopino del Conte e approfondimenti sulla sua attività giovanile
Geremicca, Antonio ULg

in Proporzioni. Annali della Fondazione Roberto Longhi (in press)

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See detailOpen Science: a revolution in sight?
Rentier, Bernard ULg

in Interlending & Document Supply (in press)

• Purpose This article aims at describing the evolution of scientific communication, largely represented by the publication process. It notes the disappearance of the traditional publication on paper and ... [more ▼]

• Purpose This article aims at describing the evolution of scientific communication, largely represented by the publication process. It notes the disappearance of the traditional publication on paper and its progressive replacement by electronic publishing, a new paradigm implying radical changes in the whole mechanism. It aims also at warning the scientific community about the dangers of some new avenues and why, rather than subcontracting an essential part of its work, it must take back a full control of its production. • Design/methodology/approach The article reviews the emerging concepts in scholarly publication and aims to answer frequently asked questions concerning free access to scientific literature as well as to data, science and knowledge in general. • Findings The article provides new observations concerning the level of compliance to institutional open access mandates and the poor relevance of journal prestige for quality evaluation of research and researchers. The results of introducing an open access policy at the University of Liège are noted. • Social implications Open access is, for the first time in human history, an opportunity to provide free access to knowledge universally, regardless of either the wealth or the social status of the potentially interested readers. It is an essential breakthrough for developing countries. • Value Open access and Open Science in general must be considered as common values that should be shared freely. Free access to publicly generated knowledge should be explicitly included in universal human rights. There are still a number of obstacles hampering this goal, mostly the greed of intermediaries who persuade researchers to give their work for free, in exchange for prestige. The worldwide cause of Open Knowledge is thus a major universal issue for the 21st Century. [less ▲]

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See detailNavigating towards decoupled aquaponic systems: A system dynamics design approach
Goddek, Simon; Espinal, Carlos; Delaide, Boris et al

in Water (in press)

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See detailUse of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors to Prevent Relapse After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Patients With Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Position Statement of the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Giebel, S.; Czyz, A.; Ottmann, O. et al

in Cancer (in press)

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) is a standard of care for patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)–positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The introduction of tyrosine ... [more ▼]

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) is a standard of care for patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)–positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) to first-line therapy has improved overall outcomes; however, a significant proportion of patients still relapse after alloHSCT. Posttransplant TKI maintenance was demonstrated to reduce the risk of relapse in a large retrospective study and, therefore, should be considered a valuable option. This consensus paper, written on behalf of the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, presents an overview of clinical studies on the use of TKIs after alloHSCT and proposes practical recommendations regarding the choice of TKI, treatment timing, and dosage. It is hoped that these recommendations will become the state of art in this field and, more importantly, lead to a reduction of Ph-positive ALL relapse after alloHSCT. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergy conservation properties of Ritter solution for idealized dam break flow
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Bruwier, Martin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Journal of Hydraulic Research (in press)

We examine different aspects of energy conservation in the case of the analytical solution of Ritter for idealized dam break flow in a horizontal frictionless and dry channel. We detail the application of ... [more ▼]

We examine different aspects of energy conservation in the case of the analytical solution of Ritter for idealized dam break flow in a horizontal frictionless and dry channel. We detail the application of the unsteady Bernoulli equation in this case and highlight that the inertial effects cancel out when averaged over the whole flow region. We also show that the potential and kinetic contributions to the total mechanical energy in the flow region have a distinct and constant relative importance: potential energy accounts for 60 %, and kinetic energy for 40 % of the total mechanical energy. These properties of Ritter solution are rarely emphasized while they may be of practical relevance, particularly for the verification of numerical schemes with respect to their ability to ensure energy conservation. [less ▲]

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See detailSpecific expression and function of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate 3-kinase C (ITPKC) in wild type and knock-out mice
Scoumanne, Ariane; Molina Ortiz, Patricia ULg; Monteyne, Daniel et al

in Advances in Biological Regulation (in press)

Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate 3-kinase C (ITPKC) is the last identified member of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate 3-kinases family which phosphorylates inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate into inositol 1,3,4,5 ... [more ▼]

Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate 3-kinase C (ITPKC) is the last identified member of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate 3-kinases family which phosphorylates inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate into inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate. Although expression and function of the two other family members ITPKA and ITPKB are rather well characterized, similar information is lacking for ITPKC. Here, we first defined the expression of Itpkc mRNA and protein in mouse tissues and cells using in situ hybridization and new antibodies. Surprisingly, we found that cells positive for ITPKC in the studied tissues express either a multicilium (tracheal and bronchial epithelia, brain ependymal cells), microvilli forming a brush border (small and large intestine, and kidney proximal tubule cells) or a flagellum (spermatozoa), suggesting a role for ITPKC either in the development or the function of these specialized cellular structures. Given this surprising expression, we then analyzed ITPKC function in multiciliated tracheal epithelial cells and sperm cells using our Itpkc knock-out mouse model. Unfortunately, no significant difference was observed between control and mutant mice for any of the parameters tested, leaving the exact in vivo function of this third Ins(1,4,5)P3 3-kinase still open. [less ▲]

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See detailL'adolescent contemporain, la dette de vie et la question du don: apport de l'approche contextuelle
Haxhe, Stéphanie ULg; de Saint Georges, Marie-Christine; Michard, Pierre et al

in Adolescence (in press)

L’adolescent récuse la dette de vie et réclame autonomie et considération. Néanmoins, la société actuelle offre à l’adolescent des parents fragilisés. La réalité de l’adolescent contemporain apparaît ... [more ▼]

L’adolescent récuse la dette de vie et réclame autonomie et considération. Néanmoins, la société actuelle offre à l’adolescent des parents fragilisés. La réalité de l’adolescent contemporain apparaît alors comme une quête en tension entre une nécessaire appropriation de lui-même et des dons discrets à ses parents. Si ces dons ne sont pas reçus et échouent à introduire parents et adolescent à une nouvelle position relationnelle, le risque d’un épuisement de l’adolescent est à prendre en considération. [less ▲]

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See detailRobust asymptotic tests for the equality of multivariate coefficients of variation
Aerts, Stéphanie ULg; Haesbroeck, Gentiane ULg

in TEST (in press)

In order to easily compare several populations on the basis of more than one feature, multivariate coefficients of variation (MCV) may be used as they allow to summarize relative dispersion in a single ... [more ▼]

In order to easily compare several populations on the basis of more than one feature, multivariate coefficients of variation (MCV) may be used as they allow to summarize relative dispersion in a single index. However, up to date, no test of equality of one or more MCV's has been developed in the literature. In this paper, several classical and robust Wald type tests are proposed and studied. The asymptotic distributions of the test statistics are derived under elliptical symmetry, and the asymptotic efficiency of the robust versions is compared to the classical tests. Robustness of the proposed procedures is examined through partial influence functions of the test statistic, as well as by means of power and level influence functions. A simulation study compares the performance of the classical and robust tests under uncontaminated and contaminated schemes, and the difference with the usual covariance homogeneity test is highlighted. As a by-product, these tests may also be considered in the univariate context where they yield procedures that are both robust and easy-to-use. They provide an interesting alternative to the numerous parametric tests of comparison of univariate coefficients of variation existing in the literature, which are, in most cases, unreliable in presence of outliers. The methods are illustrated on a real data set. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Sense of Taste in Eighteenth-Century France. Flavours of Silence and Words of Perception
Von Hoffmann, Viktoria ULg

in De achttiende eeuw : Documentatieblad van de Werkgroep Achttiende Eeuw (in press)

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See detailResting-state test–retest reliability of a priori defined canonical networks over different preprocessing steps
Varikuti, Deepthi; Hoffstaedter, Felix; Genon, Sarah ULg et al

in Brain Structure & Function (in press)

Resting-state functional connectivity analysis has become a widely used method for the investigation of human brain connectivity and pathology. The measurement of neuronal activity by functional MRI ... [more ▼]

Resting-state functional connectivity analysis has become a widely used method for the investigation of human brain connectivity and pathology. The measurement of neuronal activity by functional MRI, however, is impeded by various nuisance signals that reduce the stability of functional connectivity. Several methods exist to address this predicament, but little consensus has yet been reached on the most appropriate approach. Given the crucial importance of reliability for the development of clinical applications, we here investigated the effect of various confound removal approaches on the test–retest reliability of functional connectivity estimates in two previously defined functional brain networks. Our results showed that gray matter masking improved the reliability of connectivity estimates, whereas denoising based on principal components analysis reduced it. We additionally observed that refraining from using any correction for global signals provided the best test–retest reliability, but failed to reproduce anti-correlations between what have been previously described as antagonistic networks. This suggests that improved reliability can come at the expense of potentially poorer biological validity. Consistent with this, we observed that reliability was proportional to the retained variance, which presumably included structured noise, such as reliable nuisance signals (for instance, noise induced by cardiac processes). We conclude that compromises are necessary between maximizing test–retest reliability and removing variance that may be attributable to non-neuronal sources. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh Resolution postontrast time of flight MR angiography of intracranial perforators at 7.0 Tesla
Harteveld, A; de Cocker, L; Dieleman, N et al

in American Journal of Neuroradiology (in press)

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See detailMotiver sans contraindre, séduire sans manipuler
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Le Langage et l'Homme (in press)

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See detailCritique du capitalisme néolibéral et travail rhétorique chez Frédéric Lordon : un discours d’affectation.
Provenzano, François ULg; Janvier, Antoine ULg

in Dissensus (in press)

Les ouvrages de Frédéric Lordon ont offert ces dernières années un éclairage nouveau des mécanismes de la finance et du capitalisme en régime néolibéral, en vertu de la place centrale qu’ils accordent aux ... [more ▼]

Les ouvrages de Frédéric Lordon ont offert ces dernières années un éclairage nouveau des mécanismes de la finance et du capitalisme en régime néolibéral, en vertu de la place centrale qu’ils accordent aux affects. Il est frappant que cette entreprise – qui est triple: analyse de la finance, analyse du capitalisme, analyse de la domination – soit doublée d’une attention portée au discours même qui la développe. On peut repérer une telle attention dans la pluralité des genres de discours qu’investit Frédéric Lordon : ouvrages « savants » ou « universitaires », mais aussi courts essais engagés aux éditions Raisons d’agir, articles de presse dans Le Monde Diplomatique notamment, tenue du blog « La pompe à phynance » sur le site du même journal, et même pièce de théâtre récemment adaptée au cinéma, D’un retournement l’autre. Comédie sérieuse sur la crise financière. En quatre actes, et en alexandrins . Diversité de genre entre les différents types de textes, donc. Diversité interne à chacun de ces textes, aussi : le lecteur de Frédéric Lordon se trouve toujours à cheval sur plusieurs codes rhétoriques dont joue l’auteur dans un même ouvrage. On pourrait bien sûr tenir cette double diversité pour la simple conséquence du talent d’écriture de Lordon, ou d’un plaisir pris par l’auteur à jouer du langage et des ethos qu’il construit. Le présent article propose au contraire de considérer cette diversité comme le résultat d’un véritable travail sur les modalités rhétoriques du discours critique sur le capitalisme financiarisé, qu’il faut articuler aux principaux postulats de sa théorie sociale. L’hypothèse défendue sera, précisément, de considérer qu’il y a une construction rhétorique qui participe de l’entreprise critique et, du même coup, qui s’inscrit comme un geste politique dans une « société des affects ». [less ▲]

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See detailPros and cons of flowers strips for farmers. A review
Uyttenbroeck, Roel ULg; Hatt, Séverin ULg; Paul, Aman ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment (in press), 20(Special issue 1),

Description of the subject. To counteract environmental problems due to agricultural intensification, European farmers can apply agri-environmental schemes in their fields. Flower strips are one example ... [more ▼]

Description of the subject. To counteract environmental problems due to agricultural intensification, European farmers can apply agri-environmental schemes in their fields. Flower strips are one example of these schemes, with the aim of supporting biodiversity, leading to an increase in “useful” species groups such as pollinators for crop pollination and natural enemies for pest control. However, to our knowledge, a complete appraisal of the pros and cons of flower strips, from a farmer’s point of view, does not yet exist. It is proposed that better and more complete information could increase the adoption and implementation of such agri-environmental schemes. Objectives. This study aims 1) to assess the pros and cons of flower strips, from a farmer’s point of view, and 2) to highlight the knowledge gaps that exist in the scientific literature, for the different types of pros and cons. Method. We listed the different components of the appraisal of pros and cons and conducted a systematic screening of the scientific literature on flower strips and these components. Results. The largest part of the 31 selected studies was concerning agronomical and ecological processes, such as pollination and animal pest control. Most of them indicated positive effects of flower strips. For many components of the appraisal, mostly economic and social ones, few or no studies were found. Conclusions. While a positive balance of pros and cons, from a farmer’s point of view, came from our literature screening, large research gaps still remain and more research is required, especially in the economic and social components of the evaluation. [less ▲]

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See detailBeyond survival and uncertainty. The livelihood practices of former Gécamines workers (D.R.Congo)
Rubbers, Benjamin ULg

in Review of African Political Economy (in press)

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See detailOccurrence of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Río Negro Estuary, Argentina, and their mid-distance movements along the Northeast Patagonian coast
Failla, Mauricio; Seijas, Veronica; Vermeulen, Els ULg

in Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals (in press)

A systematic study on the presence of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Río Negro Estuary (RNE), Patagonia Argentina, was carried out between the months March – July from 2008 to 2011. Data ... [more ▼]

A systematic study on the presence of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Río Negro Estuary (RNE), Patagonia Argentina, was carried out between the months March – July from 2008 to 2011. Data on the dolphin’s activity patterns were gathered via an Ad Libitum focal group sampling mode accompanying dorsal fin images taken for identification and re-identification of individuals. A total effort of 188 h resulted in 58 h of positive observation of 124 dolphin groups (sightings per unit effort (SPUE) = 0.66 groups/h). Data analysis showed two main activity states for the observed groups, travelling (65%) and foraging (26%). The remaining 9% of the groups were involved in other activity states. The photo-identification effort, which started opportunistically in 2006, resulted in a catalogue of 21 individual dolphins, with a total mean re-identification rate of 9 days (max = 24 days). When comparing these pictures to the existing catalogue of Bahía San Antonio (approximately 200 km west from the study area) dorsal fins of 20 individuals could be positively matched and most (n = 17) could be subsequently re-identified in both areas, indicating their long distance movements along the North Patagonian coast during the austral autumn months. This season coincides with the lowest amount of feeding activity observed in Bahía San Antonio. This study suggests that bottlenose dolphins enter RNE, mainly during autumn, to forage. It appears that the search for food resources may be the trigger for their movement patterns along the North Patagonian coast during this season, at least for certain individuals. More research is needed to accurately confirm this hypothesis. [less ▲]

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See detailInfectivity of a recombinant murine norovirus (RecMNV) in Balb/cByJ mice
Mathijs, Elisabeth; de Oliveira-Filho, Edmilson; Dal Pozzo, Fabiana ULg et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (in press)

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See detailReview: Implementing biostimulants and biocontrol strategies in the agroecological management of cultivated ecosystems
Le Mire, Géraldine ULg; Nguyen, Minh ULg; Fassotte, Bérénice ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (in press)

This review describes the current methods for exploiting and applying plant growth-promoting rhizbacteria (PGPR), elicitors and semiochemical products in contemporary agricultural systems. The future of ... [more ▼]

This review describes the current methods for exploiting and applying plant growth-promoting rhizbacteria (PGPR), elicitors and semiochemical products in contemporary agricultural systems. The future of these biostimulant and biocontrol tools for the sustainable management of agricultural practices is also discussed. Special attention is given to the formulation of these products and the network of interactions taking place in cultivated ecosystems [less ▲]

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See detailSurvivances et métamorphoses. Les gemmes isiaques remployées au Moyen Âge et leur interprétation
Veymiers, Richard ULg

in Anabases : Traditions et Réception de l'Antiquité (in press)

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See detailMetabolic variability in bioprocessing : implications of microbial phenotypic heterogeneity
Delvigne, Frank ULg; Zune, Quentin ULg; Lara, Alvaro et al

in Trends in Biotechnology (in press)

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See detailContribution of distribution network control to voltage stability: A case study
Aristidou, Petros ULg; Valverde, Gustavo; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid (in press)

A case study dealing with long-term voltage instability in systems hosting active distribution networks is reported in this paper. It anticipates future situations with high penetration of dispersed ... [more ▼]

A case study dealing with long-term voltage instability in systems hosting active distribution networks is reported in this paper. It anticipates future situations with high penetration of dispersed generation, where the latter are used to keep distribution voltages within desired limits, in complement to load tap changers. The interactions between transmission and active distribution networks are investigated on a 3108-bus test system. It involves transmission grid, large generators, and forty distribution networks, each with dispersed generation steered by a controller inspired of model predictive control. The reported simulations show the impact of distribution network voltage restoration as well as the benefit of load voltage reduction actuated by the dispersed generators. [less ▲]

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See detailRevealed preference tests of collectively rational consumption behavior: formulations and algorithms
Talla Nobibon, Fabrice; Cherchye, Laurens; Crama, Yves ULg et al

in Operations Research (in press)

This paper focuses on revealed preference tests of the collective model of household consumption. We start by showing that the decision problems corresponding to testing collective rationality are {\sc np ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on revealed preference tests of the collective model of household consumption. We start by showing that the decision problems corresponding to testing collective rationality are {\sc np}-complete. This makes the application of these tests problematic for (increasingly available) large(r) scale data sets. We then present two approaches to overcome this negative result. First, we introduce exact algorithms based on mixed-integer programming ({\sc mip}) formulations of the collective rationality tests, which can be usefully applied to medium sized data sets. Next, we propose simulated annealing heuristics, which allow for efficient testing of the collective model in the case of large data sets. We illustrate our methods by a number of computational experiments based on Dutch labor supply data. [less ▲]

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See detailLes associations des enfants et jeunes travailleurs du Burkina Faso comme espace d’expression de la capacité d’action des enfants ?
Wouango, Joséphine ULg

in Enfances Familles Générations (in press)

Les Associations des Enfants et Jeunes Travailleurs du Burkina Faso (AEJT/BF) sont une représentation nationale du Mouvement Africain des Enfants et Jeunes Travailleurs (MAEJT), créé à la fin des années ... [more ▼]

Les Associations des Enfants et Jeunes Travailleurs du Burkina Faso (AEJT/BF) sont une représentation nationale du Mouvement Africain des Enfants et Jeunes Travailleurs (MAEJT), créé à la fin des années 1980. Le mouvement est fondé sur deux grands principes : les douze droits prioritaires des enfants et jeunes travailleurs et le principe du « protagonisme » (l’enfant travailleur comme acteur capable) . Ce chapitre présente et analyse le fonctionnement de ce mouvement au Burkina Faso, les changements qu’il a contribué à apporter à la question sociale du travail des enfants et les résultats de la mise en application des principes annoncés. S’appuyant sur une enquête ethnographique menée en son sein, le texte offre des données inédites sur les réalités d’un acteur collectif qui, en utilisant à son avantage la rhétorique de la « participation » des enfants (art.12, Convention des droits de l’enfant), a réussi à s’insérer dans l’arène nationale de la protection de l’enfance. Toutefois, la question de la place et du rôle des enfants ainsi que celle du “vieillissement” des membres sont quelques-uns des défis auxquels la section burkinabè du mouvement doit faire face. [less ▲]

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See detailCutaneous involvement in multiple myeloma: a multi-institutional retrospective study of 53 patients
Jurczyszyn, .; Olszewska-Szopa, M.; Hungria, V. et al

in Leukemia & Lymphoma (in press)

Skin infiltration in multiple myeloma (skin MM) is a rare clinical problem. Only a few cases of skin involvement have been reported, primarily in single case reports. We analyzed and present the clinical ... [more ▼]

Skin infiltration in multiple myeloma (skin MM) is a rare clinical problem. Only a few cases of skin involvement have been reported, primarily in single case reports. We analyzed and present the clinical outcomes, immunohistochemistry and cytogenetic features, and relevant laboratory data on 53 biopsy-proven skin MM cases. The median time from MM diagnosis to skin involvement was 2 years. There appears to be an overrepresentation of immunoglobulin class A (IgA) and light chain disease in skin MM. We found no correlation between CD56 negative MM and skin infiltration. We found that skin MM patients presented in all MM stages (i.e. ISS stages I to III), and there was no preferential cytogenetic abnormality. Patients with skin MM carry a very poor prognosis with a median overall survival (OS) of 8.5 months as time from skin involvement. Moreover, patients with IgA disease and plasmablastic morphology appear to have a worse OS. [less ▲]

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See detailPlanetary Sapce Weather: Scientific Aspects and Future Perspectives
Plainaki; Lilensten; Radioti, Aikaterini ULg et al

in Space Science Reviews (in press)

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See detailA combined transmission spectrum of the Earth-sized exoplanets TRAPPIST-1 b and c
de Wit, Julien; Wakeford, Hannah R.; Gillon, Michaël ULg et al

in Nature (in press)

Three Earth-sized exoplanets were recently discovered close to the habitable zone of the nearby ultracool dwarf star TRAPPIST-1. The nature of these planets has yet to be determined, since their masses ... [more ▼]

Three Earth-sized exoplanets were recently discovered close to the habitable zone of the nearby ultracool dwarf star TRAPPIST-1. The nature of these planets has yet to be determined, since their masses remain unmeasured and no observational constraint is available for the planetary population surrounding ultracool dwarfs, of which the TRAPPIST-1 planets are the first transiting example. Theoretical predictions span the entire atmospheric range from depleted to extended hydrogen-dominated atmospheres. Here, we report a space-based measurement of the combined transmission spectrum of the two inner planets made possible by a favorable alignment resulting in their simultaneous transits on 04 May 2016. The lack of features in the combined spectrum rules out cloud-free hydrogen-dominated atmospheres for each planet at 10-$\sigma$ levels; TRAPPIST-1 b and c are hence unlikely to harbor an extended gas envelope as they lie in a region of parameter space where high-altitude cloud/haze formation is not expected to be significant for hydrogen-dominated atmospheres. Many denser atmospheres remain consistent with the featureless transmission spectrum---from a cloud-free water vapour atmosphere to a Venus-like atmosphere. [less ▲]

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See detailULTRASONOGRAPHIC FINDINGS IN 13 HORSES WITH LYMPHOMA
Janvier, Valentin; Evrard, Laurence ULg; Cerri, Simona ULg et al

in Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound (in press)

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See detailIs it possible to improve communication around radiotherapy delivery: A randomized study to assess the efficacy of team training?
Liénard, Aurore; Delevallez, France; Razavi, Darius et al

in Radiotherapy & Oncology (in press)

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See detailCo-simulation of Electromagnetic Transients and Phasor Models: a Relaxation Approach
Plumier, Frédéric ULg; Aristidou, Petros; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg et al

in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery (in press)

Co-simulation opens new opportunities to combine mature ElectroMagnetic Transients (EMT) and Phasor-Mode (PM) solvers, and take advantage of their respective high accuracy and execution speed. In this ... [more ▼]

Co-simulation opens new opportunities to combine mature ElectroMagnetic Transients (EMT) and Phasor-Mode (PM) solvers, and take advantage of their respective high accuracy and execution speed. In this paper, a relaxation approach is presented, iterating between an EMT and a PM solver. This entails interpolating over time the phasors of the PM simulation, extracting phasors from the time evolutions of the EMT simulation, and representing each sub-system by a proper multiport equivalent when simulating the other sub-system. Various equivalents are reviewed and compared in terms of convergence of the PM-EMT iterations. The paper also considers the update with frequency of the Thévenin impedances involved in the EMT simulation, the possibility to compute the EMT solution only once per time step, and the acceleration of convergence through a prediction over time of the boundary variables. Results are presented on a 74-bus, 23-machine test system, split into one EMT and one PM sub-system with several interface buses. [less ▲]

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See detailEpistémologie de la théorie du complot
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

in Cahiers de l'Éducation Permanente (Les) (in press)

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See detailThe Tourist on the farm: a 'muddled' image
Dubois, Charline ULg; Cawley, Mary; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Tourism Management (in press)

Agritourism is promoted as a method of offsetting decline in farm incomes, and is defined in different ways which creates difficulties in attracting tourists. The present research contributes to a better ... [more ▼]

Agritourism is promoted as a method of offsetting decline in farm incomes, and is defined in different ways which creates difficulties in attracting tourists. The present research contributes to a better understanding of agritourism, based on evidence in Wallonia (Belgium) and Luxembourg. It does so by studying the image held by four groups of actors: (i) farmers who provide ‘agritourist’ experiences; (ii) promotional organisations; and tourists who both (iii) have and (iv) have not engaged in agritourism. Agritourism is a muddled concept between realities and stakeholder expectations but opportunities exist for targeting particular niche interests. [less ▲]

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See detailDistances between nested densities and a measure of the impact of the prior in Bayesian statistics
Ley, Christophe; Reinert, Gesine; Swan, Yvik ULg

in Annals of Applied Probability (in press)

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See detailResurgence of Schmallenberg virus in Belgium after 3 years of epidemiological silence
Delooz, L; Saegerman, Claude ULg; Quinet, C et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (in press)

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See detailNon-homogeneous Beatty sequences leading to invariant games
Cassaigne, Julien; Duchêne, Eric; Rigo, Michel ULg

in SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics (in press)

We characterize pairs of complementary non-homogeneous Beatty sequences $(A_n)_{n>0}$ and $(B_n)_{n>0}$, with the restriction $A_1=1$ and $B_1\geq 3$, for which there exists an invariant take-away game ... [more ▼]

We characterize pairs of complementary non-homogeneous Beatty sequences $(A_n)_{n>0}$ and $(B_n)_{n>0}$, with the restriction $A_1=1$ and $B_1\geq 3$, for which there exists an invariant take-away game having $\{(A_n,B_n),(B_n,A_n)\mid n> 0\}\cup\{(0,0)\}$ as set of $P$-positions. Using the notion of Sturmian word arising in combinatorics on words, this characterization can be translated into a decision procedure relying only on a few algebraic tests about algebraicity or rational independence. This work partially answers to a question of Larsson et al. raised in Larsson et al. [less ▲]

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See detailImaginer-lire le Capital
Pieron, Julien ULg

in Cahiers d'Etudes Germaniques (in press)

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See detailJohn of Trevisa légitimise la traduction en langue anglaise (vers 1387)
Dor, Juliette ULg

in The Medieval Translator. Traduire au Moyen Âge (in press), TMT 16

A l'instar de Chaucer ou des milieux wyclifiens, Trevisa revendique pour le nouveau lectorat/auditorat vernaculaire le droit d'accéder au savoir. Il s'appuie notamment sur la "translatio studii", le ... [more ▼]

A l'instar de Chaucer ou des milieux wyclifiens, Trevisa revendique pour le nouveau lectorat/auditorat vernaculaire le droit d'accéder au savoir. Il s'appuie notamment sur la "translatio studii", le modèle français et l'autorité culturelle qu'avait connue l'anglais avant Hastings. [less ▲]

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See detailHenry Flynt : Catalogue des oeuvres
Levaux, Christophe ULg

in Revue et Corrigée (in press), 109

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See detailFungal biofilm reactor improves the productivity of hydrophobin HFBII
Khalesi, Mohammadreza; Zune, Quentin ULg; Telek, Samuel ULg et al

in Biochemical Engineering Journal (in press)

Production and purification of hydrophobin HFBII has recently been the subject of intensive research, but the yield of production needs to be further improved for a generic use of this molecule at ... [more ▼]

Production and purification of hydrophobin HFBII has recently been the subject of intensive research, but the yield of production needs to be further improved for a generic use of this molecule at industrial scale. In a first step, the influence of different carbon sources on the growth of Trichoderma reesei and the production of HFBII was investigated. The optimum productivity was obtained by using 40 g/L lactose. Carbon starvation and excretion of extracellular enzyme were determined as two main conditions for the production of HFBII. In the second phase, and according to the physiological mechanisms observed during the screening phase, a bioreactor set up has been designed and two modes of cultures have been investigated, i.e. the classical submerged fermentation and a fungal biofilm reactor. In this last set-up, the broth is continuously recirculated on a metal packing exhibiting a high specific surface. In this case, the fungal biomass was mainly attached to the metal packing, leading to a simplification of downstream processing scheme. More importantly, the HFBII concentration increased up to 48.6 ± 6.2 mg/L which was 1.8 times higher in this reactor configuration and faster than the submerged culture. X-ray tomography analysis shows that the biofilm overgrowth occurs when successive cultures are performed on the same packing. However, this phenomenon has no significant influence on the yield of HFBII, suggesting that this process could be operated in continuous mode. Protein hydrolysis during stationary phase was observed by MALDI-TOF analysis according to the removal of the last amino acid from the structure of HFBII after 48 h from the beginning of fermentation in biofilm reactor. Hopefully this modification does not lead to alternation of the main physicochemical properties of HFBII. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Poetics of (In)visibility: A Stylistic Analysis of Caryl Phillips's Foreigners: Three English Lives
Tunca, Daria ULg

in Ariel : A Review of International English Literature (in press)

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See detailInfluence of the balls kinematics of axially loaded ball bearings on Coulombic frictional dissipations
Bozet, Jean-Luc ULg; Servais, Christophe ULg

in Journal of Tribology (2017), 139(1),

Ball bearings have been used for a long time. Nevertheless, the description of their behavior remains incomplete in spite of the large number of surveys dedicated to ball bearings. Particularly, the exact ... [more ▼]

Ball bearings have been used for a long time. Nevertheless, the description of their behavior remains incomplete in spite of the large number of surveys dedicated to ball bearings. Particularly, the exact balls kinematics has still to be addressed in depth. This paper proposes a new way to calculate the balls kinematics by using a simplified quasi-static approach for dry lubricated and axially loaded ball bearings. This method does not use the classical restrictive race control assumptions. More specifically, the role played by the balls kinematics is emphasized by means of the power dissipated within contacts between balls and races. The need for a correct evaluation of the balls behavior is illustrated by using an example, viz. a ball bearing of cryogenic engine turbopump. Indeed, the dissipated power is one of the main concerns in this particular case. [less ▲]

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See detailLe commun à l'épreuve du conflit : médiation esthétique et expérience de la communauté
Servais, Christine ULg

in Recherches en Communication (2017)

Cet article propose une conception de la médiation culturelle où la notion de médiation est lestée d’un rapport complexe au tiers, rapport susceptible de prendre en compte le conflit que peut constituer ... [more ▼]

Cet article propose une conception de la médiation culturelle où la notion de médiation est lestée d’un rapport complexe au tiers, rapport susceptible de prendre en compte le conflit que peut constituer la prise de position du destinataire auquel s’adressent les dispositifs de médiation. Cette approche de la médiation conserve la distinction entre passage et forçage, ce qui la situe dans un cadre politique. [less ▲]

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See detailIconic virtues of diagrams. Peirce on ampliative reasoning
Leclercq, Bruno ULg

in Signata. Annales des Sémiotiques = Annals of Semiotics (2017)

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See detailAdresse, opinion et responsabilité : un modèle de la subjectivation en public
Servais, Christine ULg

in Questions de Communication (2017)

Cet article interroge la relation entre « publics » et « collectifs » et en propose un modèle de description à caractère phénoménologique. Après un examen des implications politiques des modèles auxquels ... [more ▼]

Cet article interroge la relation entre « publics » et « collectifs » et en propose un modèle de description à caractère phénoménologique. Après un examen des implications politiques des modèles auxquels sont susceptibles de se référer les théories de la réception médiatique, on tente d’élaborer, à partir du travail de Stiegler, de Rancière et de Derrida, une approche de la réception qui permet de décrire à la fois l’émancipation et la domination, cette alternative étant l’un des points de butée des théories de la réception. Le critère déterminant est ici l’adresse, considérée comme la traduction en termes phénoménologiques de l’énonciation. La réception est alors envisagée comme une réponse à une adresse. Cette conception de l’énonciation rend compte de la dimension politique d’une réception médiatique où l’identité sociale est désormais indexée sur notre identité de destinataires de dispositifs médiatique, c’est-à-dire de publics [less ▲]

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See detailAncient Egyptian texts in contexts. Towards a conceptual data model (the Thot Data Model - TDM)
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Razanajao, Vincent ULg

in Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies (2016), 59(2),

In this paper, we propose a conceptual data model that could be the basis for future implementations of databases and digital corpuses of Ancient Egyptian texts that fully integrate the material ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we propose a conceptual data model that could be the basis for future implementations of databases and digital corpuses of Ancient Egyptian texts that fully integrate the material dimensions of writing. The types of metadata that can be used for documenting the elements and relationships of this model are discussed and the resources (URIs) available for its online implementation (in the perspective of the ‘linked open data’ movement) are examined. [less ▲]

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See detailLoadbearing capacity criteria in fire resistance testing
Dumont, Fabien ULg; Wellens, Eric ULg; Gernay, Thomas ULg et al

in Materials and Structures (2016), 49(11), 4565-4581

The European system for fire testing and classification of loadbearing building elements lacks consistency because the two standards that have to be applied prescribe different criteria for assessing the ... [more ▼]

The European system for fire testing and classification of loadbearing building elements lacks consistency because the two standards that have to be applied prescribe different criteria for assessing the loadbearing performance. This article analyzes the implications of the present conflict between the standard for testing and the standard for classification. The prescribed criteria for loadbearing performance are related to the exceedance of deflection and rate of deflection thresholds. A database of 46 fire resistance tests performed at the University of Liege is collected that contains the time at which these thresholds are reached in fire tests with different typologies of elements (walls, floors, columns and beams). Then, the loadbearing performance (and hence the fire resistance rating) can be derived according to the two standards. The evolutions of deflection and rate of deflection during the tests are also analyzed to gain a better understanding of the adequacy of the standards. The selection of one or the other standard affects the time at which “failure” is deemed to occur in fire tests. Statistically speaking, the difference in terms of failure time that results from using one or the other standard has a 25% probability to exceed 10%. In certain cases, this results in a difference in fire resistance rating; this was observed for 3 of the analyzed tests. The apparent contradiction in two codes in application has potential practical implications and therefore needs to be solved. The article suggests some guidelines for defining homogenized and consistent criteria. [less ▲]

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See detailThe construction of religion as a ‘public problem’. The emergence of Islam in the public space during Tunisia’s transition to democracy (2011--2014)
Nachi, Mohamed ULg

in Social Sciences Information = Information sur les Sciences Sociales (2016), 55(4),

La construction de l'islam en "problème public" au cours de la période de transition démocratique.

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See detailMeasurements of reference ISO nozzles by high-speed imaging
De Cock, Nicolas ULg; Massinon, Mathieu ULg; Nuyttens, David et al

in Crop Protection (2016), 89

Agricultural spray characteristics determine the efficiency of a pesticide application because size and velocity affect droplet trajectory and impact behavior. At present, the relevance of different ... [more ▼]

Agricultural spray characteristics determine the efficiency of a pesticide application because size and velocity affect droplet trajectory and impact behavior. At present, the relevance of different characterization techniques remains controversial since discrepancies may be significant between measurements performed in different laboratories. A digital image acquisition technique and analysis algorithm is proposed for droplet size and velocimetry measurements as an alternative to well-established techniques such as the Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer (PDPA) or laser diffraction spectrometry (LDS). The algorithm requires double exposed shadow images acquired in a back-lighted arrangement with a Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) camera and a pulsed light emitting diode (LED). Spatial illumination heterogeneities are corrected by subtracting from each image a mean background acquired on several images without any particle. The algorithm accuracy is ensured by the rejection of out-of-focus particles using a focus parameter depending on gradient intensity at the particle edges. Thresholds for focus particle selection were determined by studying the evolution of the focus parameter and the error on particle size measurements from images containing droplets with uniform size at various distance of the object plane. Selected droplets were identified on both pairs of images to determine their size and velocity. Droplet size distributions were corrected to account for the uneven sampling probability caused by the volumetric method. Droplet size distributions of a set of reference nozzle/pressure combinations defined in the ISO/DIS 25358 were measured. The image technique was able to distinguish each of the reference sprays well. Comparison with PDPA measurements showed that the imaging technique tends to measure an equivalent Dv50, a lower Dv10 and a higher Dv90 leading therefore to a higher relative span factor. Velocity measurements showed good agreement between both techniques except for one nozzle/pressure combination. [less ▲]

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See detailTransition to democracy in Tunisia. Learning about citizenship in a national and transnational context
Nachi, Mohamed ULg

in Social Sciences Information = Information sur les Sciences Sociales (2016), 55(4),

La transition en Tunisie a constitué un moment fort d'apprentissage de la démocratie.

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See detailSU(3) Clebsch-Gordan coefficients at large $N_c$
Stancu, Floarea ULg

in Nuclear Physics A (2016), 945

It is argued that several papers where SU(3) Clebsch-Gordan coefficients were calculated in order to describe properties of hadronic systems are, up to a phase convention, particular cases of analytic ... [more ▼]

It is argued that several papers where SU(3) Clebsch-Gordan coefficients were calculated in order to describe properties of hadronic systems are, up to a phase convention, particular cases of analytic formulae derived by Hecht in 1965 in the context of nuclear physics. This is valid for irreducible representations with multiplicity one in the corresponding Clebsch-Gordan series. For multiplicity two, Hecht has proposed an alternative which can provide correct $1/N_c$ sub-leading orders in large $N_c$ studies. [less ▲]

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See detailA large strain hyperelastic viscoelastic-viscoplastic-damage constitutive model based on a multi-mechanism non-local damage continuum for amorphous glassy polymers
Nguyen, Van Dung ULg; Lani, Frédéric; Pardoen, Thomas et al

in International Journal of Solids and Structures (2016), 96

A large strain hyperelastic phenomenological constitutive model is proposed to model the highly nonlinear, rate-dependent mechanical behavior of amorphous glassy polymers under isothermal conditions. A ... [more ▼]

A large strain hyperelastic phenomenological constitutive model is proposed to model the highly nonlinear, rate-dependent mechanical behavior of amorphous glassy polymers under isothermal conditions. A corotational formulation is used through the total Lagrange formalism. At small strains, the viscoelastic behavior is captured using the generalized Maxwell model. At large strains beyond a viscoelastic limit characterized by a pressure-sensitive yield function, which is extended from the Drucker-Prager one, a viscoplastic region follows. The viscoplastic flow is governed by a non-associated Perzyna-type flow rule incorporating this pressure-sensitive yield function and a quadratic flow potential in order to capture the volumetric deformation during the plastic process. The stress reduction phenomena arising from the post-peak plateau and during the failure stage are considered in the context of a continuum damage mechanics approach. The post-peak softening is modeled by an internal scalar, so-called softening variable, whose evolution is governed by a saturation law. When the softening variable is saturated, the rehardening stage is naturally obtained since the isotropic and kinematic hardening phenomena are still developing. Beyond the onset of failure characterized by a pressure-sensitive failure criterion, the damage process leading to the total failure is controlled by a second internal scalar, so-called failure variable. The final failure occurs when the failure variable reaches its critical value. To avoid the loss of solution uniqueness when dealing with the continuum damage mechanics formalism, a non-local implicit gradient formulation is used for both the softening and failure variables, leading to a multi-mechanism non-local damage continuum. The pressure sensitivity considered in both the yield and failure conditions allows for the distinction under compression and tension loading conditions. It is shown through experimental comparisons that the proposed constitutive model has the ability to capture the complex behavior of amorphous glassy polymers, including their failure. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards a large scale aqueous sol-gel synthesis of doped TiO2: Study of various metallic dopings for the photocatalytic degradation of p-nitrophenol
Mahy, Julien ULg; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg; Léonard, Géraldine ULg et al

in Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A : Chemistry (2016), 329

In this paper, an easy aqueous sol-gel synthesis developed previously by Mahy et al. [J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. (2016)] is adapted to produce highly active TiO2 catalysts doped with Fe3+, Ag+, Cu2+, Zn2 ... [more ▼]

In this paper, an easy aqueous sol-gel synthesis developed previously by Mahy et al. [J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. (2016)] is adapted to produce highly active TiO2 catalysts doped with Fe3+, Ag+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Cr3+, Al3+, Mn2+, and Co2+ ions and Pt metallic nanoparticles. Samples are characterized by inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Mössbauer spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), nitrogen adsorption–desorption measurements and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy measurements. Results show that the samples are composed of anatase-brookite TiO2 nanoparticles with a spherical shape and mean diameter of around 5-8 nm and a surface area of between about 150 - 250 m2 g-1. In each doped sample, the dopant is present in the form added during the synthesis, given that the sample has not undergone any particular treatment. Photoactivity tests show improvement in catalyst activity for Fe3+, Ag+, Cu2+, Zn2+, and Al3+ ion and Pt metallic nanoparticle dopants, while a decrease of activity is obtained for Cr3+, Mn2+ and Co2+ ion dopants. For some dopants, the activity of TiO2 doped with metallic ions and synthesized from the aqueous sol-gel process is equal or superior to the activity of the commercial photocatalyst Degussa P25. Some mechanisms are proposed to explain these modifications of activity with doping. Furthermore, cost comparison at laboratory scale showed that Zn and Cu nitrate salt dopings are clearly less expensive for a halogen light (UV/visible) or low energy light enhanced catalyst and may be considered for industrial applications. Using this method, a large scale Zn-doped TiO2 photocatalyst is synthesized with properties homologous to the lab-scale product. Results show that the aqueous sol-gel synthesis developed previously can be easily adapted for doping in order to produce an up-scalable synthesis. [less ▲]

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See detailL’approche sémiotique de Charles Goodwin : langage visuel, énonciation et diagramme
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Tracés. Revue de Sciences Humaines (2016), 3(automne),

This text investigates the connexion between the work of Charles Goodwin and contemporary semiotics. I initially address the relations between verbal, visual, and gestural languages in semiotic terms by ... [more ▼]

This text investigates the connexion between the work of Charles Goodwin and contemporary semiotics. I initially address the relations between verbal, visual, and gestural languages in semiotic terms by exploring the Goodwin’s notational system (transcription of exchanges) from the point of view of its constituent units. Secondly, I consider the meeting points between Goodwin’s concept of the substrate and Fontanille’s enunciative praxis in order to examine the dynamic relationship between sedimentation and transformation. Finally, I analyse the concept of diagrammatic reasoning by elaborating on the example of the geologists’ “first inscriptions” studied by Goodwin. The form of diagrammatic reasoning examined here functions as a discovery device that exemplifies the dynamics of sedimentation and novelty, and it can thus be studied in the framework of Goodwin’s transcription practices. [less ▲]

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See detailMacro- and near-mesoporous monoliths by medium internal phase emulsion polymerization: a systematic study
Mathieu, Kevin ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Debuigne, Antoine ULg

in Polymer (2016), 99

The synthesis of a series of poly(ethylene oxide)-b-polystyrene copolymers with different block lengths was performed by radical addition fragmentation chain transfer. These amphiphilic copolymers were ... [more ▼]

The synthesis of a series of poly(ethylene oxide)-b-polystyrene copolymers with different block lengths was performed by radical addition fragmentation chain transfer. These amphiphilic copolymers were tested as stabilizers for water-in-oil medium internal phase emulsion (MIPE) templating polymerization and the formation of polyMIPEs with controlled morphology. Aside from the structure of the emulsion stabilizer, several parameters susceptible to influence the size of the cavities and the interconnectivity of the porous monoliths were probed including the choice of the comonomers, treatment of the emulsion by ultrasound, the use of controlled radical polymerization method for the network formation as well as interfacial initiation. Interconnected cellular monoliths were produced. The polymerization of the ultrasonicated water-in-ethylhexylacrylate/divinylbenzene MIPE notably led to near-mesoporous open-cell material. Mechanical properties and specific surface areas of the polyMIPEs were also investigated and discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailX-ray emission from interacting wind massive binaries: A review of 15 years of progress
Rauw, Grégor ULg; Nazé, Yaël ULg

in Advances in Space Research (2016), 58

Previous generations of X-ray observatories revealed a group of massive binaries that were relatively bright X-ray emitters. This was attributed to emission of shock-heated plasma in the wind-wind ... [more ▼]

Previous generations of X-ray observatories revealed a group of massive binaries that were relatively bright X-ray emitters. This was attributed to emission of shock-heated plasma in the wind-wind interaction zone located between the stars. With the advent of the current generation of X-ray observatories, the phenomenon could be studied in much more detail. In this review, we highlight the progress that has been achieved in our understanding of the phenomenon over the last 15 years, both on theoretical and observational grounds. All these studies have paved the way for future investigations using the next generation of X-ray satellites that will provide crucial information on the X-ray emission formed in the innermost part of the wind-wind interaction. [less ▲]

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See detailVoir en art, voir en sciences
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Nouvelle Revue d'Esthétique (2016), 17

This article is about visual devices that in history of art and in semiotics are generally called "metavisual" and that are used to study some phenomena of framing in artistic images (see the works of ... [more ▼]

This article is about visual devices that in history of art and in semiotics are generally called "metavisual" and that are used to study some phenomena of framing in artistic images (see the works of Victor Stoichita and of Jean-François Bordron). We are going to explore the possibility to use these devices to analyse contemporary scientific images, trying to identify some common actions that go beyond the differences in terms of objects and economy of values between arts and sciences. [less ▲]

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See detailHousing Quality as Environmental Inequality: The Case of Wallonia, Belgium
Lejeune, Zoé ULg; Xhignesse, Guillaume ULg; Kryvobokov, Marko et al

in Journal of Housing and the Built Environment (2016), 31(3), 495-512

First in the USA and then in many other countries, scholarship on environmental inequality has sought to shed light on the unequal environmental conditions borne by poor people and ethnic minorities, and ... [more ▼]

First in the USA and then in many other countries, scholarship on environmental inequality has sought to shed light on the unequal environmental conditions borne by poor people and ethnic minorities, and to challenge public policies and their unjust impacts on those target groups. Housing quality, especially the indoor characteristics of homes, offers an innovative perspective in this field of research. In previous research on environmental inequality in the Walloon context, housing quality has been proven to be a major determinant of quality of life and environmental well-being. This paper analyses housing quality through a twofold approach: through indoor characteristics on the one hand, and outdoor subjective and objective externalities on the other. It reveals the disparities between the most deprived and the wealthiest segments of the population. The evidence for this study is based on a housing quality survey carried out in 2012 and 2013 on 6,018 households in Wallonia (Belgium). The key findings are that poor people are found to live in housing of lower quality, in densely populated neighbourhoods and those with mixed use, with compensating amenities provided at the local level. Moreover, consistent with environmental inequality scholarship, deprived households are found to bear the burden of environmental degradation outside the home. People live in areas with poorer air quality, but are found to benefit from greater access to green spaces. The results of the survey reveal an interesting point concerning the environmental inequality literature; the interior features of housing are found to differ more widely between deprived and wealthier people than the surrounding environment does. [less ▲]

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See detailThe cardiovascular impact of intense eccentric isokinetic exercise versus aerobic treadmill running
LE GOFF, Caroline ULg; Kaux, Jean-François ULg; LAURENT, Terry ULg et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2016), 24(3), 201-208

BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is an important health factor, but intense physical stress can increase the risk of heart disease. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the potential cardiac ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is an important health factor, but intense physical stress can increase the risk of heart disease. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the potential cardiac repercussions of, and the oxidative stress resulting from a maximal eccentric isokinetic exercise and a 1-hour treadmill run at 75% ˙V O2 max (maximal exercise done 6 weeks before). METHODS: Twelve young sedentary healthy subjects randomly performed two tests separated by 6 weeks: 1) 3 sets of 30 maximal eccentric isokinetic contractions of the quadriceps; 2) a 1-hour running on treadmill at 75% ˙V O2 max. We drew blood samples just before each exercise (T1), and just after (T2), 3 hours after (T3), and 24 hours after (T4) the end of each exercise to measure cardiac and oxidative stress biomarkers. RESULTS: In the running group, we observed significant differences for myoglobin (T3: 145 ± 80 μg/L), creatinine kinase (T4: 593 ± 350 mg/L), oxidized glutathione (T2: 22 ± 15.6 μmol/L), and highly sensitive cardiac troponin T, (T3: 0.051 ± 0.038 ng/mL). In the isokinetic group, we observed significant differences for myoglobin (T3:1419 ± 2533 mg/L), creatine kinase (3303 ± 7159 mg/L), and oxidized glutathione (T4:24 ± 14 μmol/L). Between isokinetic exercise and running, we observed significant differences for uric acid (p < 0.05, running > eccentric), myoglobin (p < 0.05, ditto), NT-proBNP (p < 0.05, ditto), hsTnT (p < 0.01, ditto), and oxidized glutathione (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: As cardiac biomarkers appear practically unmodified after the isokinetic exercise, despite the considerable oxidative stress, we suggest that the application of intense maximal eccentric isokinetic exercise, when indicated, should be safe for most patients including those whose cardiac status is unknown. On the other hand, the increase in cardiac biomarkers observed after running, could reflect leakage of these biomarkers from the cytosolic pool of cardiac cells, linked to membrane damage, rather than the result of a major injury and hence running is supposed to be a safe practice. However, since sudden death during running has been previously described, assesment of the cardiac biomarkers and a follow-up by a sport doctor is important especially if there is a cardiac family history. [less ▲]

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See detailDu stilus à la plume ... du chapeau. Quelques réflexions sur la notion de style
Houbart, Claudine ULg

in Bruxelles Patrimoines (2016), (18),

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See detailLes supports des images : de la photographie à l’image numérique
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg; Reyes, Everardo

in Revue Française des Sciences de l'Information et de la Communication (2016), 9

In this article we deal with questions related to images (painting, photography, digital image) from a semiotic standpoint, more precisely the form and substance of their expression plane. Classical ... [more ▼]

In this article we deal with questions related to images (painting, photography, digital image) from a semiotic standpoint, more precisely the form and substance of their expression plane. Classical greimasian semiotics –mainly through the works of Jean-Marie Floch (1985, 1986) and Félix Thürlemann (1982) – has concentrated on the relation between form of expression and form of content (thus in a semi-symbolic fashion). Then, in the 1990s, Jacques Fontanille started exploring the substance of expression. Later, within the framework of hierarchical levels of analysis, Fontanille (2005, 2008), introduced concepts such as material and formal support in order to distinguish between image as object and image as text. We take into account these works to study the close relationship between the substance of expression of images and the practices of production-reception. [less ▲]

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See detailEnonciation et modes d'existence
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Nouveaux Actes Sémiotiques (2016)

Cet article aborde les relations entre sémiotique et philosophie latourienne à partir de la théorie de l’énonciation, cette dernière se situant tant aux fondements du projet disciplinaire de la sémiotique ... [more ▼]

Cet article aborde les relations entre sémiotique et philosophie latourienne à partir de la théorie de l’énonciation, cette dernière se situant tant aux fondements du projet disciplinaire de la sémiotique francophone contemporaine qu’à la base de la réflexion de Bruno Latour, des années 1970 jusqu’à présent . Notre propos se déploie en deux moments : dans un premier temps, nous revenons sur l’article "Petite Philosophie de l’énonciation" (1998), et nous en suivons le développement dans l’Enquête sur les modes d’existence (2012). Dans un second temps, nous réalisons une rapide archéologie de la théorie de l’énonciation dans la sémiotique contemporaine, afin de mettre en lumière les liens entre différentes traditions sémiotiques et la théorie latourienne. Plus précisément, nous nous attachons aux propositions récentes de Jacques Fontanille et de Claudio Paolucci, en prenant également en considération les contributions d’Umberto Eco et Patrizia Violi. Il s’agit de voir comment les sémioticiens peuvent tirer profit de la théorie latourienne des modes d’existence et vice versa. [less ▲]

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See detailFertility progression in Germany: an analysis using flexible nonparametric cure survival models
Bremhorst, Vincent; Kreyenfeld, Michaela; Lambert, Philippe ULg

in Demographic Research (2016)

OBJECTIVE This paper uses data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) to study the transition to second and third births. In particular, we seek to distinguish the factors that determine the timing ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE This paper uses data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) to study the transition to second and third births. In particular, we seek to distinguish the factors that determine the timing of fertility from the factors that influence ultimate parity progression. METHODS We employ cure survival models, a technique commonly used in epidemiological studies and in the statistical literature but only rarely applied to fertility research. RESULTS We find that education has a different impact on the timing and the ultimate probability of having a second and a third birth. Furthermore, we show that the shape of the fertility schedule for the total population differs from that of ‘susceptible women’ (i.e., those who have a second or a third child). CONCLUSION Standard event history models conflate timing and quantum effects. Our approach overcomes this shortcoming. It estimates separate parameters for the hazard rate of having a next child for the ‘susceptible population’ and the ultimate probability of having another child for the entire population at risk. [less ▲]

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See detailAgeism in Belgium and Burundi: A comparative analysis
Marquet, Manon ULg; Missotten, Pierre ULg; Schroyen, Sarah ULg et al

in Clinical Interventions in Aging (2016), 11

Background: Recent cross-cultural comparisons between Asian and Western cultures have shown that ageism arises more from the lack of availability of social and economic resources for older adults than ... [more ▼]

Background: Recent cross-cultural comparisons between Asian and Western cultures have shown that ageism arises more from the lack of availability of social and economic resources for older adults than from the culture itself. We tested this assumption by conducting a survey among people living in a least-developed country compared with a developed country. Methods: Twenty-seven Belgians living in Belgium, 29 Burundians living in Belgium and 32 Burundians living in Burundi were included in this study. Their attitudes toward older adults were assessed using several self-reported measures. Results: Statistical analyses confirmed that older people are more negatively perceived by Burundians living in Burundi than by Burundians and Belgians living in Belgium, whose attitudes did not differ from each other. Conclusion: Consistent with our hypothesis, our results suggest that the level of development of a country and more particularly the lack of government spending on older people (pension and healthcare systems) may contribute to their younger counterparts perceiving them more negatively. [less ▲]

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See detailAbility of Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) to develop on alternative host plant species
Bawin, Thomas ULg; Dujeu, David; De Backer, Lara ULg et al

in Canadian Entomologist (2016), 148(4), 434-442

The tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is a widespread devastating pest reported to develop on economically important solanaceous crops. The characterization of its host ... [more ▼]

The tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is a widespread devastating pest reported to develop on economically important solanaceous crops. The characterization of its host range could help to understand and prevent the dispersion behavior of the insect in the environment. In this study, the ability of T. absoluta to develop on 12 cultivated or non-cultivated plants including Solanaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Convolvulaceae, Fabaceae and Malvaceae species under laboratory conditions was assessed. For each plant species, we monitored the development times of immature stages, survival, sex ratios and adult fecundity rates. All the 6 tested non-solanaceous plants, including Chenopodium, Convolvulus and Malva species, were not able to sustain (i.e. allow growth and development) T. absoluta larvae. Among Solanaceae, Solanum species were the most suitable host plants for the pest, but others could be opportunistically colonized with fewer incidences. T. absoluta appears to be strongly related to solanaceous plants which would predominantly support self-sustaining field populations. Preventing crop infestation by removing potential host plants in the immediate field vicinity and culture rotations with non-solanaceous crops is of primary importance. [less ▲]

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See detailIncorporation of iron and organic matter into young Antarctic sea ice during its initial growth stages
Janssens, Julie; Meiners, Klaus M.; Tison, Jean-Louis et al

in Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene (2016), 4(1), 000123

This study reports concentrations of iron (Fe) and organic matter in young Antarctic pack ice and during its initial growth stages in situ. Although the importance of sea ice as an Fe reservoir for ... [more ▼]

This study reports concentrations of iron (Fe) and organic matter in young Antarctic pack ice and during its initial growth stages in situ. Although the importance of sea ice as an Fe reservoir for oceanic waters of the Southern Ocean has been clearly established, the processes leading to the enrichment of Fe in sea ice have yet to be investigated and quantified. We conducted two in situ sea-ice growth experiments during a winter cruise in the Weddell Sea. Our aim was to improve the understanding of the processes responsible for the accumulation of dissolved Fe (DFe) and particulate Fe (PFe) in sea ice, and of particulate organic carbon and nitrogen, dissolved organic carbon, extracellular polymeric substances, inorganic macro-nutrients (silicic acid, nitrate and nitrite, phosphate and ammonium), chlorophyll a and bacteria. Enrichment indices, calculated for natural young ice and ice newly formed in situ, indicate that during Antarctic winter all of the measured forms of particulate matter were enriched in sea ice compared to underlying seawater, and that enrichment started from the initial stages of sea-ice formation. Some dissolved material (DFe and ammonium) was also enriched in the ice but at lower enrichment indices than the particulate phase, suggesting that size is a key factor for the incorporation of impurities in sea ice. Low chlorophyll a concentrations and the fit of the macro-nutrients (with the exception of ammonium) with their theoretical dilution lines indicated low biological activity in the ice. From these and additional results we conclude that physical processes are the dominant mechanisms leading to the enrichment of DFe, PFe, organic matter and bacteria in young sea ice, and that PFe and DFe are decoupled during sea-ice formation. Our study thus provides unique quantitative insight into the initial incorporation of impurities, in particular DFe and PFe, into Antarctic sea ice. [less ▲]

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See detailModel Sensitivity Studies of the Decrease in Atmospheric Carbon Tetrachloride
Chipperfield, M. P.; Liang, Q.; Rigby, M. et al

in Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics Discussions (2016), 2016

Carbon tetrachloride is an ozone-depleting substance, which is controlled by the Montreal Protocol and for which the atmospheric abundance is decreasing. However, the current observed rate of this ... [more ▼]

Carbon tetrachloride is an ozone-depleting substance, which is controlled by the Montreal Protocol and for which the atmospheric abundance is decreasing. However, the current observed rate of this decrease is known to be slower than expected based on reported CCl4 emissions and its estimated overall atmospheric lifetime. Here we use a three-dimensional (3-D) chemical transport model to investigate the impact on its predicted decay of uncertainties in the rates at which CCl4 is removed from the atmosphere by photolysis, by ocean uptake and by degradation in soils. The largest sink is atmospheric photolysis (76% of total) but a reported 10% uncertainty in its combined photolysis cross-section and quantum yield has only a modest impact on the modelled rate of CCl4 decay. This is partly due to the limiting effect of the rate of transport of CCl4 from the main tropospheric reservoir to the stratosphere where photolytic loss occurs. The model suggests large interannual variability in the magnitude of this stratospheric photolysis sink caused by variations in transport. The impact of uncertainty in the minor soil sink (9% of total) is also relatively small. In contrast, the model shows that uncertainty in ocean loss (15% of total) has the largest impact on modelled CCl4 decay due to its sizeable contribution to CCl4 loss and large uncertainty range (157 to 313 years). With an assumed CCl4 emission rate of 39 Gg/yr, the reference simulation with best estimate of loss processes still underestimates the observed CCl4 (overestimates the decay) over the past two decades but to a smaller extent than previous studies. Changes to the rate of CCl4 loss processes, in line with known uncertainties, could bring the model into agreement with in situ surface and remote-sensing measurements, as could an increase in emissions to around 45 Gg/yr. Further progress in constraining the CCl4 budget is partly limited by systematic biases between observational datasets. For example, surface observations from the NOAA network are larger than from the AGAGE network but have shown a steeper decreasing trend over the past two decades. These differences imply a difference in emissions which is significant relative to uncertainties in the magnitudes of the CCl4 sinks. [less ▲]

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See detailAnnual Greenland accumulation rates (2009–2012) from airborne snow radar
Koenig, L.; Ivanoff, A.; Alexander, P. et al

in Cryosphere (The) (2016), 10

Contemporary climate warming over the Arctic is accelerating mass loss from the Greenland Ice Sheet through increasing surface melt, emphasizing the need to closely monitor its surface mass balance in ... [more ▼]

Contemporary climate warming over the Arctic is accelerating mass loss from the Greenland Ice Sheet through increasing surface melt, emphasizing the need to closely monitor its surface mass balance in order to improve sea-level rise predictions. Snow accumulation is the largest component of the ice sheet's surface mass balance, but in situ observations thereof are inherently sparse and models are difficult to evaluate at large scales. Here, we quantify recent Greenland accumulation rates using ultra-wideband (2–6.5 GHz) airborne snow radar data collected as part of NASA's Operation IceBridge between 2009 and 2012. We use a semiautomated method to trace the observed radiostratigraphy and then derive annual net accumulation rates for 2009–2012. The uncertainty in these radar-derived accumulation rates is on average 14 %. A comparison of the radar-derived accumulation rates and contemporaneous ice cores shows that snow radar captures both the annual and long-term mean accumulation rate accurately. A comparison with outputs from a regional climate model (MAR) shows that this model matches radar-derived accumulation rates in the ice sheet interior but produces higher values over southeastern Greenland. Our results demonstrate that snow radar can efficiently and accurately map patterns of snow accumulation across an ice sheet and that it is valuable for evaluating the accuracy of surface mass balance models. [less ▲]

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See detailHoney polyphenols extraction: method development and evidence of cis isomerization
Istasse, Thibaut ULg; Jacquet, Nicolas ULg; Berchem, Thomas ULg et al

in Analytical Chemistry Insights (2016), 11

Honey polyphenols have been studied with the objective of relating honeys to their floral sources. Initially synthesized by plant, these polyphenols can be found in the plant’s nectar, where they are ... [more ▼]

Honey polyphenols have been studied with the objective of relating honeys to their floral sources. Initially synthesized by plant, these polyphenols can be found in the plant’s nectar, where they are collected by bees which convert the nectar into honey. Consequently, polyphenols constitute minor honey components. The development of a solid phase extraction method for honey polyphenols is presented herein. The technique employs Amberlite XAD-2 adsorbent and was tested on monofloral honeys from six different plants: acacia, chestnut, eucalyptus, thyme, sunflower and wild carrot. Analyses were performed using high performance liquid chromatography coupled with UV detection and mass spectrometry. Several phenolic acids and flavonoids were identified: caffeic and p-coumaric acids, quercetin, kaempferol, naringenin, chrysin and pinocembrin. Generally, the quantity of a given polyphenol in the honey was around 0.2 mg/100g of honey, except for chestnut honey which contained around 3.0 mg of p-coumaric acid/100g of honey. Analyses highlighted significant formation of cis isomers for phenolic acids during the extraction despite protection from light. [less ▲]

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See detailTen years of atmospheric methane from ground-based NDACC FTIR observations
Bader, Whitney ULg; Bovy, Benoît ULg; Conway, S. et al

in Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics Discussions (2016), 2016

Changes of atmospheric methane (CH4) since 2005 have been evaluated using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) solar observations performed at ten ground-based sites, all members of the Network for Detection ... [more ▼]

Changes of atmospheric methane (CH4) since 2005 have been evaluated using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) solar observations performed at ten ground-based sites, all members of the Network for Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC). From this, we find an increase of atmospheric methane total columns that amounts to 0.31 ± 0.03 % year-1 (2-sigma level of uncertainty) for the 2005–2014 period. Comparisons with in situ methane measurements at both local and global scales show good agreement. We used the GEOS-Chem Chemical Transport Model tagged simulation that accounts for the contribution of each emission source and one sink in the total methane, simulated over the 2005–2012 time period and based on emissions inventories and transport. After regridding according to NDACC vertical layering using a conservative regridding scheme and smoothing by convolving with respective FTIR seasonal averaging kernels, the GEOS-Chem simulation shows an increase of atmospheric methane of 0.35 ± 0.03 % year-1 between 2005 and 2012, which is in agreement with NDACC measurements over the same time period (0.30 ± 0.04 % year-1, averaged over ten stations). Analysis of the GEOS-Chem tagged simulation allows us to quantify the contribution of each tracer to the global methane change since 2005. We find that natural sources such as wetlands and biomass burning contribute to the inter-annual variability of methane. However, anthropogenic emissions such as coal mining, and gas and oil transport and exploration, which are mainly emitted in the Northern Hemisphere and act as secondary contributors to the global budget of methane, have played a major role in the increase of atmospheric methane observed since 2005. Based on the GEOS-Chem tagged simulation, we discuss possible cause(s) for the increase of methane since 2005, which is still unexplained. [less ▲]

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See detailGreenland Ice sheet [in "State of the Climate in 2015"]
Tedesco, M.; Box, J.; Cappelen, J. et al

in Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (2016), 97(8),

The Greenland Ice Sheet, with the capacity to contribute ~7 m to sea level rise, experienced melting over more than 50% of its surface for the first time since the record melt of 2012.

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See detailIncentives and barriers to environmental inequality mobilization: A case-study analysis in Wallonia, Belgium
Lejeune, Zoé ULg; Teller, Jacques ULg

in Environmental Science and Policy (2016)

Environmental inequality scholarship has sought to shed light on the unequal environmental conditions borne by poor people and racial minorities, and to challenge public policies. Most studies are ... [more ▼]

Environmental inequality scholarship has sought to shed light on the unequal environmental conditions borne by poor people and racial minorities, and to challenge public policies. Most studies are concerned either with assessing the unequal distribution of environmental amenities and disamenities or with exploring the theoretical foundations of environmental justice movements. We propose an original approach to environmental inequality, focused not only on the unequal distribution of environmental burdens but also on two other types of factors: the capacity to mobilize and engage in community organizations on the one hand and the spatial dimension of environmental inequalities on the other. The evidence for this study is from an opinion survey carried out in 2012 with 1298 individuals. We use a two-step cluster analysis method to compute a classification system based on four categories of variables: socio-economic, environmental, spatial, and social capital. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessment of the sea-ice carbon pump: Insights from a three-dimensional ocean-sea-ice biogeochemical model (NEMO-LIM-PISCES)
Moreau, Sébastien; Vancoppenolle, Martin; Bopp, Laurent et al

in Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene (2016), 4(1), 000122

The role of sea ice in the carbon cycle is minimally represented in current Earth System Models (ESMs). Among potentially important flaws, mentioned by several authors and generally overlooked during ESM ... [more ▼]

The role of sea ice in the carbon cycle is minimally represented in current Earth System Models (ESMs). Among potentially important flaws, mentioned by several authors and generally overlooked during ESM design, is the link between sea-ice growth and melt and oceanic dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and total alkalinity (TA). Here we investigate whether this link is indeed an important feature of the marine carbon cycle misrepresented in ESMs. We use an ocean general circulation model (NEMO-LIM-PISCES) with sea-ice and marine carbon cycle components, forced by atmospheric reanalyses, adding a first-order representation of DIC and TA storage and release in/from sea ice. Our results suggest that DIC rejection during sea-ice growth releases several hundred Tg C yr−1 to the surface ocean, of which < 2% is exported to depth, leading to a notable but weak redistribution of DIC towards deep polar basins. Active carbon processes (mainly CaCO3 precipitation but also ice-atmosphere CO2 fluxes and net community production) increasing the TA/DIC ratio in sea-ice modified ocean-atmosphere CO2 fluxes by a few Tg C yr−1 in the sea-ice zone, with specific hemispheric effects: DIC content of the Arctic basin decreased but DIC content of the Southern Ocean increased. For the global ocean, DIC content increased by 4 Tg C yr−1 or 2 Pg C after 500 years of model run. The simulated numbers are generally small compared to the present-day global ocean annual CO2 sink (2.6 ± 0.5 Pg C yr−1 ). However, sea-ice carbon processes seem important at regional scales as they act significantly on DIC redistribution within and outside polar basins. The efficiency of carbon export to depth depends on the representation of surface-subsurface exchanges and their relationship with sea ice, and could differ substantially if a higher resolution or different ocean model were used. [less ▲]

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See detailParentification and related processes: distinction and implications for clinical practice
Haxhe, Stéphanie ULg

in Journal of Family Psychotherapy (2016), 27(3), 185-199

With the emergence of what we call « new families », the place and the role of the child are increasingly questioned. If a child helps a parent or takes care of them, the terms “parentified child” ... [more ▼]

With the emergence of what we call « new families », the place and the role of the child are increasingly questioned. If a child helps a parent or takes care of them, the terms “parentified child”, “parental child” or “adult child” are used equally. However, these concepts hide different processes that have different impacts on the child’s development. In the present article, based on our doctoral research and clinical practice experience, we will try to make the distinction between these concepts and to illustrate them. We are convinced that by a better identification of each process, we can help therapists and social workers in their interventions with children and their families. [less ▲]

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See detailRealization of the Najafi-Golestanian microswimmer
Grosjean, Galien ULg; Hubert, Maxime ULg; Lagubeau, Guillaume et al

in Physical Review. E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics (2016), 94(2), 021101

A paradigmatic microswimmer is the three-linked-spheres model, which follows a minimalist approach for propulsion by shape shifting. As such, it has been the subject of numerous analytical and numerical ... [more ▼]

A paradigmatic microswimmer is the three-linked-spheres model, which follows a minimalist approach for propulsion by shape shifting. As such, it has been the subject of numerous analytical and numerical studies. In this Rapid Communication, an experimental three-linked-spheres swimmer is created by self-assembling ferromagnetic particles at an air-water interface. It is powered by a uniform oscillating magnetic field. A model, using two harmonic oscillators, reproduces the experimental findings. Because the model remains general, the same approach could be used to design a variety of efficient microswimmers. [less ▲]

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See detailStatistically Bundled Shewhart Control Charts for Monitoring Delivery Chains Systems
Foster, Earnest; Faraz, Alireza ULg; Heuchenne, Cédric ULg

in European Journal of Industrial Engineering (2016)

Continuous monitoring of Delivery Time variables by means of control charts in a delivery chain is a very recent application of Statistical Process Control (SPC) to the service sector. The aim of the ... [more ▼]

Continuous monitoring of Delivery Time variables by means of control charts in a delivery chain is a very recent application of Statistical Process Control (SPC) to the service sector. The aim of the proposed method is to provide supply chain decision makers with an easy to be managed tool monitoring the current functioning state of the delivery chain. The implementation of SPC control charts makes it possible to limit over-corrections to false alarm conditions and to maintain at an acceptable level the safety stock, with a consequent reduction of the overall management costs of the delivery chain. An illustrative example shows the proposed control chart implementation in a real delivery chain. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysing hypoglycin A, methylenecyclopropylacetic acid conjugates and acylcarnitines in blood to confirm the diagnosis and improve our understanding of atypical myopathy
Votion, Dominique ULg

in Equine Veterinary Education (2016), doi: 10.1111/eve.12617

Owing to recent methodological validation studies, we have now the opportunity to determine hypoglycin A, methylenecyclopropylacetic acid–carnitine and acylcarnitines concentrations in equine serum. These ... [more ▼]

Owing to recent methodological validation studies, we have now the opportunity to determine hypoglycin A, methylenecyclopropylacetic acid–carnitine and acylcarnitines concentrations in equine serum. These analytes are essential to confirm the diagnosis of atypical myopathy but also to improve our understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease. In particular, they might help elucidate why some horses seem more resistant to hypoglycin A poisoning. [less ▲]

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See detailCalcium-Iron Oxide as Energy Storage Medium in Rechargeable Oxide Batteries
Berger, Cornelius M.; Mahmoud, Abdelfattah ULg; Hermann, Raphaël ULg et al

in Journal of the American Ceramic Society (2016)

Rechargeable oxide batteries (ROB) comprise a regenerative solid oxide cell (rSOC) and a storage medium for oxygen ions. A sealed ROB avoids pumping loss, heat loss, and gas purity expenses in comparison ... [more ▼]

Rechargeable oxide batteries (ROB) comprise a regenerative solid oxide cell (rSOC) and a storage medium for oxygen ions. A sealed ROB avoids pumping loss, heat loss, and gas purity expenses in comparison with conventional rSOC. However, the iron oxide base storage medium degrades during charging– discharging cycles. In comparison, CaFe3O5 has improved cyclability and a high reversible oxygen storage capacity of 22.3 mol%. In this study, we analyzed the redox mechanism of this compound. After a solid-state synthesis of CaFe3O5, we verified the phase composition and studied the redox reaction by means of X-ray diffraction, Mossbauer spectrometry, and scanning electron microscopy. Results show a great potential to operate the battery with this storage material during multiple charging–discharging cycles. [less ▲]

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See detailAmphibians breeding in refuge habitats have larvae with stronger antipredator responses
Manenti, Raoul; Melotto, Andrea; Denoël, Mathieu ULg et al

in Animal Behaviour (2016), 118

Antipredator responses are a key determinant of the successful persistence of prey, and behavioural modifications are a frequent antipredator strategy. However, conspecific populations often inhabit ... [more ▼]

Antipredator responses are a key determinant of the successful persistence of prey, and behavioural modifications are a frequent antipredator strategy. However, conspecific populations often inhabit heterogeneous environments. This can determine local adaptations, and might also induce variation in antipredator responses. Nevertheless, there is limited information on whether heterogeneity of predation risk among populations determines variation in antipredator response. Here we studied the fire salamander, Salamandra salamandra, a species that can breed in both surface streams and caves, habitats that are predator-rich and predator-free, respectively, and measured differences in antipredator responses across populations with different predation risk. We combined field surveys and laboratory experiments to understand the role of predation risk on the activity patterns of larvae, while measuring behavioural differences between populations. We reared larvae from different habitats in safe and risky conditions and tested their response to predator cues before and after rearing. In the field, predation risk was much higher in surface streams than in caves; larvae moved more in the absence of predators and when the light intensity was low. During laboratory experiments, larvae were less active if reared in risky conditions, but cave larvae showed a stronger response to risk than stream larvae. Therefore, larvae from sites without predators showed higher antipredator responses than those from risky habitats. This response fits the predictions of the risk allocation model, in which prey from habitats with a high background level of risk need to be active even when predators are present, to satisfy their energetic demands. Our findings show that antipredator behaviour may differ strongly between populations and stress the importance of integrating this variability in studies on predatory responses. [less ▲]

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See detailAutomatic learning of fine operating rules for online power system security control
Sun, Hongbin; Zhao, Feng; Wang, Huifang et al

in IEEE Transactions on Neural networks and learning systems (2016), 27(8), 1708-1719

Fine operating rules for security control and an automatic system for their online discovery were developed to adapt to the development of smart grids. The automatic system uses the real-time system state ... [more ▼]

Fine operating rules for security control and an automatic system for their online discovery were developed to adapt to the development of smart grids. The automatic system uses the real-time system state to determine critical flowgates, and then a continuation power flow-based security analysis is used to compute the initial transfer capability of critical flowgates. Next, the system applies the Monte Carlo simulations to expected short-term operating condition changes, feature selection, and a linear least squares fitting of the fine operating rules. The proposed system was validated both on an academic test system and on a provincial power system in China. The results indicated that the derived rules provide accuracy and good interpretability and are suitable for real-time power system security control. The use of high-performance computing systems enables these fine operating rules to be refreshed online every 15 min. [less ▲]

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See detailMonitoring of anatabine release by methyl jasmonate elicited BY-2 cells using surface-enhanced Raman scattering
De Bleye, Charlotte ULg; Dumont, Elodie ULg; Dispas, Amandine ULg et al

in Talanta (2016), 160

A new application of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) in the field of plant material analysis is proposed in this study. The aim was to monitor the release of anatabine by methyl jasmonate (MeJa ... [more ▼]

A new application of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) in the field of plant material analysis is proposed in this study. The aim was to monitor the release of anatabine by methyl jasmonate (MeJa) elicited Bright Yellow-2 (BY-2) cells. Gold nanoparticles (AuNps) were used as SERS substrate. The first step was to study the SERS activity of anatabine in a complex matrix comprising the culture medium and BY-2 cells. The second step was the calibration. This one was successfully performed directly in the culture medium in order to take into account the matrix effect, by spiking the medium with different concentrations of anatabine, leading to solutions ranging from 250 to 5000 µg L-1. A univariate analysis was performed, the intensity of a band situated at 1028 cm-1, related to anatabine, was plotted against the anatabine concentration. A linear relationship was observed with a R2 of 0.9951. During the monitoring study, after the MeJa elicitation, samples were collected from the culture medium containing BY-2 cells at 0, 24h, 48h, 72h and 96h and were analyzed using SERS. Finally, the amount of anatabine released in the culture medium was determined using the response function, reaching a plateau after 72h of 82 µg of anatabine released / g of fresh weight (FW) MeJa elicited BY-2 cells. [less ▲]

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See detailGuided group purchases of energy renovation services and works in deprived urban neighbourhoods
Ruelle, Christine ULg; Teller, Jacques ULg

in Energy Efficiency (2016), 9(4), 861-874

The energy retrofitting of housings is progressing very slowly in Wallonia (Belgium) despite individual fiscal measures and subsidies offered by public authorities to support households engaging in this ... [more ▼]

The energy retrofitting of housings is progressing very slowly in Wallonia (Belgium) despite individual fiscal measures and subsidies offered by public authorities to support households engaging in this process. This paper explores the use of a method called ‘Guided Group Purchases’ (GPPs), i.e. an approach combining support, guidance and group purchasing of energy renovation services and works, as a possible method to accelerate the retrofitting of the existing housing stock. It reports on an action research experiment conducted in the context of the Interreg project ‘SUN’ (Sustainable Urban Neighbourhoods). The results of this experiment are quite promising. Within a few months, some 80 energy retrofitting interventions (energy audits or insulation works) were implemented in one neighbourhood of the city of Liège. Our evaluation of the experiment showed that the prospect of achieving cost reductions was one of the main initial expectations of participants to the GGPs. Still the participants rather insisted on other benefits after taking part to the initiative. These benefits were mostly related to the guidance they received, to the facilitation with contractors and to the social dynamics generated by the initiative. Several weaknesses were also identified by participants, like the lack of follow-up during and after the works. Our evaluation also highlighted that the main landlords did not participate in the initiative and that the influence of GGPs on costs was limited to specific types of interventions. Despite observed limitations and possible improvements, such a neighbourhood-based approach certainly constitutes a promising avenue for public authorities to support and accelerate the energy retrofitting of private residential buildings in urban neighbourhoods. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of aging on task- and stimulus-related cerebral attention networks
Kurth, Sophie ULg; Majerus, Steve ULg; Bastin, Christine ULg et al

in Neurobiology of Aging (2016), 44

Interactions between a dorsal attention (DAN) and a ventral attention cerebral network (VAN) have been reported in young participants during attention or short term memory (STM) tasks. Since it remains an ... [more ▼]

Interactions between a dorsal attention (DAN) and a ventral attention cerebral network (VAN) have been reported in young participants during attention or short term memory (STM) tasks. Since it remains an under-investigated question, age effects on DAN and VAN activity and their functional balance were explored during performance of a STM task. Older and young groups showed similar behavioral patterns of results. At the cerebral level, DAN activation increased as a function of increasing STM load in both groups, suggesting preserved activity in DAN during healthy aging. Age-related over-recruitment in regions of the DAN in the higher task load raised the question of compensation attempt versus less efficient use of neural resources in older adults. Lesser decrease of VAN activation with increasing load and decreased stimulus-driven activation in the VAN, especially in the higher load, in older participants suggested age-related reduced response in the VAN. However, functional connectivity measures showed that VAN was still functionally connected to the DAN in older participants. [less ▲]

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See detailStable biofilms of Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1 in draining pavement structures for runoff water decontamination
Masy, Thibaut ULg; Bertrand, Christelle ULg; Paul-Marie, Xavier et al

in International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation (2016), 112

Permeable Pavement Systems (PPS) are sustainable devices designed to collect, store and treat urban stormwater before its release into the ground. However, this system must sufficiently retain pollutants ... [more ▼]

Permeable Pavement Systems (PPS) are sustainable devices designed to collect, store and treat urban stormwater before its release into the ground. However, this system must sufficiently retain pollutants brought by water runoff in order to comply with the current legislation. This study aims at evaluating the implementation in PPS of a hydrocarbonoclastic bacterium, Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1, in terms of resilience and improvement of the degrading capacity. First results revealed that this strain could durably colonize the different gravels used in the construction of PPS. A 15-month experience in a real parking area showed that this biofilm remained viable without any replenishment of nutrients or bacteria. During accelerated pollution tests at a pilot scale, the structure bioaugmented with pre-coated biofilms was more efficient than a non-inoculated structure to limit hydrocarbon leaching below 50 μg L−1 and to degrade hydrocarbons adsorbed to the gravels. Over the long term, this innovative assembly should maintain the degrading capacity of PPS and ensure an effective treatment of stormwater before its infiltration into the soil. [less ▲]

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See detailA general methodology for optimal load management with distributed renewable energy generation and storage in residential housing
Georges, Emeline ULg; Braun, James; Lemort, Vincent ULg

in Journal of Building Performance Simulation [=JBPS] (2016)

In the US, buildings represent around 40% of the primary energy consumption and 74% of the electrical energy consumption [U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). 2012. 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book. Energy ... [more ▼]

In the US, buildings represent around 40% of the primary energy consumption and 74% of the electrical energy consumption [U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). 2012. 2011 Buildings Energy Data Book. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy]. Incentives to promote the installation of on-site renewable energy sources have emerged in different states, including net metering programmes. The fast spread of such distributed power generation represents additional challenges for the management of the electricity grid and has led to increased interest in smart control of building loads and demand response programmes. This paper presents a general methodology for assessing opportunities associated with optimal load management in response to evolving utility incentives for residential buildings that employ renewable energy sources and energy storage. An optimal control problem is formulated for manipulating thermostatically controlled domestic loads and energy storage in response to the availability of renewable energy generation and utility net metering incentives. The methodology is demonstrated for a typical American house built in the 1990s and equipped with a single-speed air-to-air heat pump, an electric water heater and photovoltaic (PV) collectors. The additional potential associated with utilizing electrical batteries is also considered. Load matching performance for on-site renewable energy generation is characterized in terms of percentage of the electricity production consumed on-site and the proportion of the demand covered. For the purpose of assessing potential, simulations were performed assuming perfect predictions of the electrical load profiles. The method also allows determination of the optimal size of PV systems for a given net metering programme. Results of the case study showed significant benefits associated with control optimization including an increase of load matching between 3% and 28%, with the improvement dependent on the net metering tariff and available storage capacity. The estimated cost savings for the consumer ranged from 6.4% to 27.5% compared to no optimization with a unitary buy-back ratio, depending on the available storage capacity. Related reduction in CO2 emissions were between 11% and 46%. Optimal load management of the home thermal systems allowed an increase in the optimal size of the PV system in the range of 13–21%. [less ▲]

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See detailDu côté de chez...Godefroid Kurth. Réflexions personnelles
Genin, Vincent ULg

in Bulletin Trimestriel de l'Institut Archéologique du Luxembourg Arlon (2016), 92(3/4), 99-107

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See detailInternational Trade Sanctions related to Dual-Use Goods and Technologies
Colussi, Ilaria Anna ULg

in Athens Journal of Law (2016)

One of the basic rules in trade law is the freedom of trade. However, such rule encounters some limitations when the object of trade is constituted by strategic items, such as dual-use items, which may ... [more ▼]

One of the basic rules in trade law is the freedom of trade. However, such rule encounters some limitations when the object of trade is constituted by strategic items, such as dual-use items, which may have peaceful (civilian/commercial) or non peaceful/military applications. Trade of these categories of goods needs to be controlled, as they can provoke security concerns. Such control is pursued through control lists, licenses, authorizations to stakeholders of the supply chain, information- sharing and cooperation mechanisms, reports, records, declarations, screenings and sanctions as well. The paper aims at focusing on the issue of sanctions, in particular the ones established at the international level: these measures are provided for the violation of trade rules in reference to dual-use items, and/or sanctions have as an object this type of goods. The legal provisions established by the World Trade Organization (WTO) and at the United Nations level are analysed thereafter. Brief observations are offered as regards the EU framework of restrictive measures too. [less ▲]

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See detailCollaborative Care regarding major depressed patients: A review of guidelines and current practices
Van den Broeck, Kris; Remmen, Roy; Vanmeerbeek, Marc ULg et al

in Journal of Affective Disorders (2016), 200

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a severe and common mental disorder. A growing body of evidence suggests that stepped and/or collaborative care treatment models have several advantages for severely ... [more ▼]

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a severe and common mental disorder. A growing body of evidence suggests that stepped and/or collaborative care treatment models have several advantages for severely depressed patients and caretakers. However, despite the availability of these treatment strategies and guidance initiatives, many depressive patients are solely treated by the general practitioner (GP), and collaborative care is not common. In this paper, we review a selected set of international guidelines to inventory the best strategies for GPs and secondary mental health care providers to collaborate when treating depressed patients. Additionally, we systematically searched the literature, listing potential ways of cooperation, and potentially supporting tools. We conclude that the prevailing guidelines only include few and rather vague directions regarding the cooperation between GPs and specialised mental health practitioners. Inspiring recent studies, however, suggest that relatively little efforts may result in effective collaborative care and a broader implementation of the guidelines in general. [less ▲]

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