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See detailInfluence of swimming strategy on microorganism separation by asymmetric obstacles
Berdakin, I; Jeyaram, Y.; Moshchalkov, V.V. et al

in Physical Review. E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics (2013), 87

It has been shown that a nanoliter chamber separated by a wall of asymmetric obstacles can lead to an inhomogeneous distribution of self-propelled microorganisms. Although it is well established that this ... [more ▼]

It has been shown that a nanoliter chamber separated by a wall of asymmetric obstacles can lead to an inhomogeneous distribution of self-propelled microorganisms. Although it is well established that this rectification effect arises from the interaction between the swimmers and the noncentrosymmetric pillars, here we demonstrate numerically that its efficiency is strongly dependent on the detailed dynamics of the individual microorganism. In particular, for the case of run-and-tumble dynamics, the distribution of run lengths, the rotational diffusion, and the partial preservation of run orientation memory through a tumble are important factors when computing the rectification efficiency. In addition, we optimize the geometrical dimensions of the asymmetric pillars in order to maximize the swimmer concentration and we illustrate how it can be used for sorting by swimming strategy in a long array of parallel obstacles. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro micropropagation of Jatropha curcas L. from bud aggregates
Medza Mve, Samson Daudet ULg; Mergeai, Guy ULg; Druart, Phillipe et al

in Journal of Technology Innovations in Renewable Energy (2013), 2

Entire plants were regenerated from nodes explants of Jatropha curcas L. following a procedure of bud aggregate induction on MS (Murashige and Skoog) medium supplemented with 25 mg.l-1 citric acid, 12.2 ... [more ▼]

Entire plants were regenerated from nodes explants of Jatropha curcas L. following a procedure of bud aggregate induction on MS (Murashige and Skoog) medium supplemented with 25 mg.l-1 citric acid, 12.2 mg.l-1 adenine sulfate, 15 mg.l-1 L-arginine, 2.46 µM IBA (indole-3-butyric acid), 30 g.l-1 sucrose and 7 g.l-1 of agar, and enriched with different balances of BA (benzyladenine) and L glutamine. The histological studies performed on aggregates showed that the buds result from both the development of axillary buds and adventitious budding starting from underlying tissues of the explant. The culture medium containing 6.65 µM BA and 25 mg.l 1 L-glutamine gave the best results with an average of 64 buds per aggregate after three weeks for all accessions tested. The buds developed into shoots when placed in a MS medium supplemented with 2.21 µM BA, 5.70 µM IAA (indole-3-acetic acid) and 15 mg.l-1 L arginine. These shoots were isolated and then rooted in MS containing 2.46 µM of IBA, 2% sucrose and 0.7% agar. The entire process took 13 weeks with a 98% survival rate in terms of plantlets acclimatization. We obtained a multiplication rate of 13 buds per explant and per subculture which is the double of those obtained in other recent works based on the micropropagation of J. curcas from node explants. This protocol is economically more profitable. [less ▲]

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See detailEMCCD photometry reveals two new variable stars in the crowded central region of the globular cluster NGC 6981
Skottfelt, J.; Bramich, D. M.; Figuera Jaimes, R. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2013), 553

Two previously unknown variable stars in the crowded central region of the globular cluster NGC 6981 are presented. The observations were made using the electron multiplying CCD (EMCCD) camera at the ... [more ▼]

Two previously unknown variable stars in the crowded central region of the globular cluster NGC 6981 are presented. The observations were made using the electron multiplying CCD (EMCCD) camera at the Danish 1.54 m Telescope at La Silla, Chile. The two variableswere not previously detected by conventional CCD imaging because of their proximity to a bright star. This discovery demonstrates that EMCCDs are a powerful tool for performing high-precision time-series photometry in crowded fields and near bright stars, especially when combined with difference image analysis. Based on data collected by MiNDSTEp with the Danish 1.54 m telescope. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrolensing Discovery of a Population of Very Tight, Very Low Mass Binary Brown Dwarfs
Choi, J.-Y.; Han, C.; Udalski, A. et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2013), 768

Although many models have been proposed, the physical mechanisms responsible for the formation of low-mass brown dwarfs (BDs) are poorly understood. The multiplicity properties and minimum mass of the BD ... [more ▼]

Although many models have been proposed, the physical mechanisms responsible for the formation of low-mass brown dwarfs (BDs) are poorly understood. The multiplicity properties and minimum mass of the BD mass function provide critical empirical diagnostics of these mechanisms. We present the discovery via gravitational microlensing of two very low mass, very tight binary systems. These binaries have directly and precisely measured total system masses of 0.025 M [SUB]⊙[/SUB] and 0.034 M [SUB]⊙[/SUB], and projected separations of 0.31 AU and 0.19 AU, making them the lowest-mass and tightest field BD binaries known. The discovery of a population of such binaries indicates that BD binaries can robustly form at least down to masses of ~0.02 M [SUB]⊙[/SUB]. Future microlensing surveys will measure a mass-selected sample of BD binary systems, which can then be directly compared to similar samples of stellar binaries. [less ▲]

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See detailComets C/2012 F6 (Lemmon), C/2013 E2 (Iwamoto), and 63P/Wild
Opitom, Cyrielle ULg; Jehin, Emmanuel ULg; Manfroid, Jean ULg et al

in Central Bureau Electronic Telegrams (2013), 3530

CBET 3530 available at Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams.

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See detailNumerical investigation and experimental validation of physically-based advanced GTN model for DP steels
Fansi Tchonko, Joseph ULg; Balan, Tudor; Lemoine, Xavier et al

in Materials Science & Engineering : A (2013), 569

This numerical investigation of an advanced Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman (GTN) model is an extension of the original work of [Ben Bettaieb, M., Lemoine, X., Bouaziz, O., Habraken, A.-M., Duchêne, L ... [more ▼]

This numerical investigation of an advanced Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman (GTN) model is an extension of the original work of [Ben Bettaieb, M., Lemoine, X., Bouaziz, O., Habraken, A.-M., Duchêne, L., Numerical modeling of damage evolution of DP steels on the basis of X-ray tomography measurements, Mechanics of Materials 43 (2011) 139-156]. The current damage model extends the previous version by integrating the three damage mechanisms: nucleation, growth and coalescence of voids. Physically-based void nucleation and growth laws are considered, including an effect of the kinematic hardening. [less ▲]

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See detailLogic, Knowledge and Language, 14-15 March
Leclercq, Bruno ULg

in The Reasoner (2013), 7

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See detailLes troubles du contrôle des impulsions associés au traitement dopaminergique substitutif antiparkinsonien
DEPIERREUX, Frédérique ULg; CREMERS, Julien ULg; SKAWINIAK, Eva ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2013), 68(mai-juin), 221-225

Summary : In some patients, impulse control behaviours can be triggered by dopaminergic replacement therapy, particularly dopamine agonist drugs: hobbyism, punding (stereotyped behaviours), compulsive ... [more ▼]

Summary : In some patients, impulse control behaviours can be triggered by dopaminergic replacement therapy, particularly dopamine agonist drugs: hobbyism, punding (stereotyped behaviours), compulsive buying, binge eating disorder, pathological gamgling, hypersexuality, hedonistic homeostatic dysregulation syndrome ... The pathogenesis of these behaviours is not well understood, but likely involves aberrant changes in the dopaminergic pathways that mediate motivation i.e., a dopaminergic “overdose” in meso-cortico-limbic circuits. An early diagnosis is difficult, but mandatory to prevent the occurrence of devastating familial, marital, professional, socio-economic, medical and medico-legal consequences. Their management is not yet well standardized. Patients and caregivers should be warned about impulse control behaviours before starting dopamine agonists and monitoring for such behaviours while on therapy is requested. [less ▲]

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See detailMinimally-supervised extraction of domain-specific part–whole relations using Wikipedia as knowledge-base
Ittoo, Ashwin ULg; Bouma, Gosse

in Data & Knowledge Engineering (2013), 85

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See detailcompte rendu de : Müller, Roman. Antike Dichtungslehre: Themen und Theorien
Rochette, Bruno ULg

in Bryn Mawr Classical Review [=BMCR] (2013), (non paginé),

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See detailThe multifaceted struggle for power in the bioeconomy
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Hendrickx, Kim ULg

in Technology in Society (2013), 35(2),

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See detailBiological functions of thiamine derivatives: Focus on non-coenzyme roles
Bettendorff, Lucien ULg; Wins, Pierre

in OA Biochemistry (2013), 1(1), 10

Thiamine (vitamin B1) is mainly known for its diphosphorylated derivatives (ThDP), an essential coenzyme in energy metabolism. However non-coenzyme roles have been suggested for this vitamin for many ... [more ▼]

Thiamine (vitamin B1) is mainly known for its diphosphorylated derivatives (ThDP), an essential coenzyme in energy metabolism. However non-coenzyme roles have been suggested for this vitamin for many years. Such roles have remained hypothetical, but recent data from various sources have shed a new light on this hypothesis. First, the existence of other phosphorylated thiamine derivatives, most prominently thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) and adenosine thiamine triphosphate (AThTP) can reach significant levels in E. coli, respectively during amino acid starvation and energy stress. Though much less is known about these compounds in animals, mammalian cells contain a highly specific soluble thiamine triphosphatase controlling cytosolic ThTP concentrations. Second, there is now growing evidence in favour of the existence of thiamine-binding proteins with specific roles in the nervous system, possibly in the regulation of in neurotransmitter release. Thiamine and some of its synthetic precursors with higher bioavailability have beneficial effects in several models of Alzheimer’s disease and may be beneficial for patients suffering from Alzheimer's or Parkinson's diseases. These effects might be related to non-coenzyme roles of thiamine, possibly involving thiamine-binding proteins. [less ▲]

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See detailLa politique étrangère de la France face à la crise congolaise (1960-1961)
Genin, Vincent ULg

in Journal of Belgian History / Revue belge d'histoire contemporaine / Belgisch tijdschrift voor nieuwste geschiedenis (2013), XLIII(1), 78-113

Le soutien de la France à la Belgique de l'été 1960 n'allait pas de soi, au regard des tensions qui avaient perturbés leurs relations au printemps, sur l'Afrique. Cette effusion de l'été 1960, certes ... [more ▼]

Le soutien de la France à la Belgique de l'été 1960 n'allait pas de soi, au regard des tensions qui avaient perturbés leurs relations au printemps, sur l'Afrique. Cette effusion de l'été 1960, certes relative, est due au choc suscité par les émeutes congolaises et à la realpolitik : perdre le soutien de Bruxelles à l'ONU, lors de sessions consacrées à l'Algérie, serait préjudiciable pour Paris. Pourtant, cet appui français s'estompe et aboutit au silence, d'octobre 1960 à janvier 1961. Si la mort de Patrice Lumumba n'a guère troublé ces relations bilatérales, on constate que le printemps 1961 est propice à une relance de négociations, de plus en plus serrées, relatives, par exemple, à la préservation des intérêts belges au Congo par la France. En août 1961, les premiers signes d'une volonté française d'étendre à nouveau son influence sur l'ex-Congo Belge, afin de concurrencer les velléités britanniques, apparaissent. Dés lors, si une coopération sur le plan technique est possible, les relations franco-belges au Congo évoluent vers un régime de compétition. Par ailleurs, cette étude est l'occasion de peser le rôle du diplomate, en particulier l'ambassadeur belge à Paris, Marcel-Henri Jaspar. Réputé pour son manque de discrétion et certains faux pas diplomatiques, il bénéficiait toutefois d'atouts importants : une vaste sociabilité, une relation privilégiée avec le général de Gaulle et avec certains dirigeants africains. Controversé à Bruxelles, trop médiatique aux yeux de certains, il a été évincé d'affaires de première importance. Enfin, cette problématique permet de déceler l'évolution des moyens de communication de l'ambassade de Belgique, sous l'impulsion de Jaspar : instauration du public relation, développement du télex et d'une correspondance assidue avec le Chef de Cabinet du Roi. [less ▲]

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See detailL’océan borderline, troubles des états limites, récits de voyage. Cancrini, L. (2009). Bruxelles, De Boeck
Aubinet, Suzanne ULg

in Carnet de notes sur les maltraitances infantiles (2013), 131(1), 22

L’ouvrage de Luigi Cancrini, l’Océan Borderline, et le regard nouveau, complexe et intégré qu’il propose nous semble une ressource intéressante et riche pour la prise en charge et la réflexion sur les ... [more ▼]

L’ouvrage de Luigi Cancrini, l’Océan Borderline, et le regard nouveau, complexe et intégré qu’il propose nous semble une ressource intéressante et riche pour la prise en charge et la réflexion sur les situations cliniques de maltraitance. Au sein de son ouvrage où il conceptualise les troubles borderline sous la forme d’un océan entouré de deux continents, la névrose et la psychose, l’auteur défend l’idée que les difficultés psychopathologiques des individus se référeraient bien plus à un fonctionnement contextuel et ponctuel qu’à une structure fixe et atemporelle de la personnalité. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte-rendu de l'ouvrage de C. Bouriau, Le "Comme si". Kant, Vaihinger et le fictionalisme.
Zincq, Aurélien ULg

in Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (2013), IX(3), 9-15

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See detailReactivity of auranofin with selenols and thiols: implications for the anticancer activity of gold(I) compounds
Di Sarra, Francesca; Fresch, Barbara ULg; Bini, Riccardo et al

in European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry [=EurJIC] (2013), 2013(15), 2718

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See detailUn travailleur peut-il renoncer aux droits issus de son contrat de travail ?
Kefer, Fabienne ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2013), 1

Lorsque seuls des intérêts particuliers sont en jeu, la renonciation à un droit acquis est licite après la cessation de la cause de la protection légale ; si la loi est d'ordre public, c'est-à-dire si l ... [more ▼]

Lorsque seuls des intérêts particuliers sont en jeu, la renonciation à un droit acquis est licite après la cessation de la cause de la protection légale ; si la loi est d'ordre public, c'est-à-dire si l'intérêt général est concerné, la renonciation est parfois autorisée et parfois prohibée, selon la disposition en jeu. [less ▲]

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See detailThird generation stellar models for asteroseismology of hot B subdwarf stars. A test of accuracy with the pulsating eclipsing binary PG 1336–018
Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Charpinet, Stéphane; Brassard, Pierre et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2013), 553

Context. Asteroseismic determinations of structural parameters of hot B subdwarfs (sdB) have been carried out for more than a decade now. These analyses rely on stellar models whose reliability for the ... [more ▼]

Context. Asteroseismic determinations of structural parameters of hot B subdwarfs (sdB) have been carried out for more than a decade now. These analyses rely on stellar models whose reliability for the required task needs to be evaluated critically. Aims. We present new models of the so-called third generation (3G) dedicated to the asteroseismology of sdB stars, in particular to long-period pulsators observed from space. These parameterized models are complete static structures suitable for analyzing both p- and g-mode pulsators, contrary to the former second generation (2G) models that were limited to p-modes. While the reliability of the 2G models has been successfully verified in the past, this important test still has to be conducted on the 3G structures. Methods. The close eclipsing binary PG 1336−018 provides a unique opportunity to test the reliability of hot B subdwarf models. We compare the structural parameters of the sdB component in PG 1336−018 obtained from asteroseismology based on the 3G models, with those derived independently from the modeling of the reflection/irradiation effect and the eclipses observed in the light curve. Results. The stellar parameters inferred from asteroseismology using the 3G models are found to be remarkably consistent with both the preferred orbital solution obtained from the binary light curve modeling and the updated spectroscopic estimates for the surface gravity of the star. The seismology gives M∗ = 0.471 ± 0.006 M⊙ , R∗ = 0.1474 ± 0.0009 R⊙ , and log g = 5.775 ± 0.007, while orbitology leads to M∗ = 0.466 ± 0.006 M⊙ , R∗ = 0.15 ± 0.01 R⊙ , log g = 5.77 ± 0.06, and spectroscopy yields log g = 5.771 ± 0.015. In comparison seismology from a former analysis based on the 2G models gave very similar results with M∗ = 0.459 ± 0.005 M⊙ , R∗ = 0.151±0.001 R⊙, and log g = 5.739±0.002. We also show that the uncertainties on the input physics included in stellar models have no noticeable impact, at the current level of accuracy, on the structural parameters derived by asteroseismology. Conclusions. The stellar models (both of second and third generation) presently used to carry out quantitative seismic analyses of sdB stars are reliable for the task. The stellar parameters inferred by this technique, at least for those that could be tested (M∗, R, and log g), appear to be both very precise and accurate, as no significant systematic effect has been found. [less ▲]

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See detailReconstructing and Tracking Network State from a Limited Number of Synchrophasor Measurements
Glavic, Mevludin; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2013), 28

A method is proposed to reconstruct and track network state from a limited number of Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) data. To deal with the resulting unobservability, the state with bus powers and generator ... [more ▼]

A method is proposed to reconstruct and track network state from a limited number of Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) data. To deal with the resulting unobservability, the state with bus powers and generator voltages closest to previously estimated values is computed. Those values, treated as pseudomeasurements, are obtained from the last reconstructed state, in a recursive manner. The method involves solving an optimization problem with linear constraints. It is scalable insofar as it accommodates from a few PMUs up to configurations ensuring full network observability. Reconstruction of only a region is possible. These and other features are demonstrated on the Nordic32 test system, with synchronized phasors obtained from detailed time simulation of a situation evolving towards instability. Suitable choices of PMU location and pseudo-measurements are also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailStimulants organisationnels et RH de l’intrapreneuriat. Analyse des enjeux en petites et moyennes entreprises
Lisein, Olivier ULg; De Zanet, Fabrice ULg

in Revue Française de Gestion (2013), 39(233), 141-160

Although the intrapreneurship is recognized as a potential vector for strategic innovation for businesses that are capable of taking advantage of it, the factors that might favor intrapreneurial behaviors ... [more ▼]

Although the intrapreneurship is recognized as a potential vector for strategic innovation for businesses that are capable of taking advantage of it, the factors that might favor intrapreneurial behaviors on the part of employees remain relatively unknown as of today, especially in SMEs. Our proposal is intended to be a response to this situation. Based on the results of an empirical research carried out in 12 SMEs, our article examines the effect of three key variables on the intrapreneurship stimulation: the organizational design, the managers’ leadership, and the HRM practices. [less ▲]

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See detailComputational Homogenization for Laminated Ferromagnetic Cores in Magnetodynamics
Niyonzima, Innocent ULg; V Sabariego, Ruth; Dular, Patrick ULg et al

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (2013), 49(5), 2049-2052

In this paper, we investigate the modeling of ferromagnetic multiscale materials. We propose a computational homogenization technique based on the heterogeneous multiscale method (HMM) that includes both ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we investigate the modeling of ferromagnetic multiscale materials. We propose a computational homogenization technique based on the heterogeneous multiscale method (HMM) that includes both eddy-current and hysteretic losses at the mesoscale. The HMM comprises: 1) a macroscale problem that captures the slow variations of the overall solution; 2) many mesoscale problems that allow to determine the constitutive law at the macroscale. As application example, a laminated iron core is considered. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards Participatory Integrated Valuation and Modelling of Ecosystem Services under Land-use Change
Fontaine, C.; Dendoncker, N.; De Vreese, R. et al

in Journal of Land Use Science (2013)

The lack of consideration for Ecosystem Services (ES) values in current decision-making is recognised as one of the main reasons leading to an intense competition and arguably unsustainable use of well ... [more ▼]

The lack of consideration for Ecosystem Services (ES) values in current decision-making is recognised as one of the main reasons leading to an intense competition and arguably unsustainable use of well-located available land. In this paper, we present a framework for the Valuation Of Terrestrial Ecosystem Services (VOTES), aiming at structuring a methodology that is applicable for valuing ES in a given area through a set of indicators that are both meaningful for local actors and scientifically constructed. Examples from a case study area in central Belgium are used to illustrate the methodology: a stepwise procedure starting with the valuation of ES at present. The valuation of the social, biophysical and economic dimensions of ES are based on current land-use patterns. Subsequently, scenarios of land-use change are used to explore potential losses (and/or gains) of ES in the future of the study area. With the VOTES framework, we aim at [1] incorporating stakeholders inputs to widen the valuation process and increase trust in policy-oriented approach; [2] integrating valuation of ES with a sustainable development stance accounting for land-use change; and [3] developing suggestions to policy-makers for integrating ES monitoring in policy developments. [less ▲]

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See detailLa conciliation vie privée-vie professionnelle des gestionnaires hommes et femmes : le cas d'une société de transport québécoise
Grodent, Françoise ULg; Tremblay, Diane-Gabrielle

in @GRH (2013), 2013/1 (n°6)

While the professional category of managers presents special characteristics, one of them being important temporal obligations, we may ask whether men and women managers articulate work and life and ... [more ▼]

While the professional category of managers presents special characteristics, one of them being important temporal obligations, we may ask whether men and women managers articulate work and life and establish priorities in different ways. Wanting to look into this question, we focused on managers or executives and did so in a predominantly male environment, that of a transport company in Quebec. Our research question can be formulated as follows: "How do men and women managers with different family situations reconcile their private and professional lives?” In order to answer this question and attain our various research objectives, we studied a male dominated sector. We mobilized the qualitative technique of semi-structured interviews and met with 17 managers, including 8 men and 9 women in the company. While this qualitative research is mainly exploratory, our results show that men and women managers prioritize in different ways. However, we observed an increased willingness of men to have more time for family. In contrast, gender has no impact on the use of organizational measures to reconcile professional and private life. Thus, gender is not, in itself, a dominant variable influencing the practices of reconciling private and professional lives of managers, as other factors such as socio-professional category, the sector, the nature of the position, family characteristics, etc. also play a role and from this point of view, women and men experience similar situations. Our research highlights interesting temporal strategies of managers, one which is based on a hierarchy of time availability and another on the preservation of private/family times. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironnement et construction du bien commun local: l'apport de l'analyse du discours
Farah, Jihad ULg

in Environnement urbain = Urban environment (2013), 7

The environmental issue imposes itself today on the mutating spaces of governance. It is also revealing of the evolution of the logics of governance and their capacity to create spaces for managing common ... [more ▼]

The environmental issue imposes itself today on the mutating spaces of governance. It is also revealing of the evolution of the logics of governance and their capacity to create spaces for managing common good, especially at local level. By relying on a foucauldian discourse analysis framework and the writings of Boltanski and Thévenot on justification, we propose a methodology for grasping the dynamics of evolution of local governance in Lebanon when confronted with the challenge of dealing with environmental issues. Based on our analysis, we could say that the environmental transition at the local level is more a dynamic process that complexifies the landscapes of local governance and fragments the spaces of common good than a linear process enlarging these spaces. [less ▲]

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See detailA modified surgical model of fulminant hepatic failure in the rat.
DETRY, Olivier ULg; Gaspar, Yves; CHERAMY-BIEN, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Journal of Surgical Research (2013), 181

BACKGROUND: There is a need for better animal models of fulminant liver failure (FHF). Eguchi et al described an interesting surgical model of FHF in the rat. This model includes 68% partial hepatectomy ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: There is a need for better animal models of fulminant liver failure (FHF). Eguchi et al described an interesting surgical model of FHF in the rat. This model includes 68% partial hepatectomy, ischemia of 24% of the liver mass, and 8% of remnant liver left intact. In the original description by Eguchi et al, rats were administered subcutaneous glucose. However, the authors found that normothermic FHF rats with subcutaneous glucose died from deep hypoglycemia. In this report, we describe a modification of that model, and show that administration of intravenous glucose allows better survival and development of intracranial hypertension. METHODS: We operated on FHF rats using the procedure described by Eguchi et al, kept them normothermic, and maintained normoglycemia by continuous intravenous glucose injection (glucose 10%, 1 mL/h). At 24 h, we monitored liver blood tests (n = 5), intracranial pressure (n = 5), clinical encephalopathy, and survival (n = 10), and compared them with sham and 68% hepatectomy rats. RESULTS: The FHF rats developed acute cytolysis, cholestasis, and liver failure, as demonstrated by the liver blood tests. They experienced progressive encephalopathy and intracranial hypertension leading to death. Mean survival was 45.9 h. Of 10 FHF rats from the survival evaluation cohort, one survived 7 d. Laparotomy showed necrosis of lateral liver lobes and enlargement of omental lobes with a normal hepatic aspect, suggesting liver recovery. CONCLUSIONS: This surgical rat model mimics the features of human FHF and seems interesting for further research into the pathophysiology and therapeutic management of the disease. [less ▲]

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See detailDerivation of flow and transport parameters from outcropping sediments of the Neogene aquifer, Belgium
Rogiers, Bart; Beerten, K.; Smeekens, T. et al

in Geologica Belgica (2013), 16(3), 129-147

Centimetre-scale saturated hydraulic conductivities (K) are derived from air permeability measurements on a selection of outcrops of the Neogene aquifer in the Campine area, Belgium. Outcrop sediments are ... [more ▼]

Centimetre-scale saturated hydraulic conductivities (K) are derived from air permeability measurements on a selection of outcrops of the Neogene aquifer in the Campine area, Belgium. Outcrop sediments are of Miocene to Quaternary age and have a marine to continental origin. Grain size analyses for the same outcrops and corresponding K predictions using previously developed models are also presented. We discuss outcrop hydrogeological properties and quantify the heterogeneity within the outcrops in detail using geostatistical variography. Moreover, outcrop-scale K values, their anisotropy and dispersivities are numerically calculated as a means to upscale such small-scale measurements to a larger scale commensurate with the scale of flow and transport modelling. By studying the small-scale variability as observed in outcrops, we gain crucial understanding of the larger-scale behaviour of the corresponding hydrogeological units within the Neogene aquifer, the most important groundwater reservoir of Flanders. The results of this study will equally improve conceptual hydrogeological model building and parameterization. [less ▲]

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See detailFecal calprotectin concentrations in adult dogs with chronic diarrhea.
Grellet A.; Heilmann R.M.; Lecoindre P. et al

in American Journal of Veterinary Research (2013), 74 (5)

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See detailL'implantation de la vaccination contre le papillomavirus en PSE
Miermans, Marie-Christine ULg; Swennen, Béatrice; Vermeeren, Axelle

in Education Santé (2013), (289), 8-13

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See detailThe “soy-ization” of Argentina: dynamics of the “globalized” privatization regime in a peripheral context
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Vasen, Federico; Vara, Ana Maria

in Technology in Society (2013), 35(2),

Based on extensive fieldwork conducted with actors from public, private and associative sectors, we explore the expansion of genetically modified soy in Argentina and we aim to figure out how the ... [more ▼]

Based on extensive fieldwork conducted with actors from public, private and associative sectors, we explore the expansion of genetically modified soy in Argentina and we aim to figure out how the neoliberal “globalized privatization regime” unfolded in a peripheral location. Our case points at two inherent contradictions with such a regime’s main tenets, namely that it needs a weak antitrust policy (thus leading to a market situation dominated by a monopoly of transnational companies) and a hyper-restrictive system of intellectual property. We highlight the participation of two groups of local actors in the regime. The first group is aligned with the globalized privatization regime agendas, while the second is involved in protest and regulatory actions focusing on the health, environment and safety issues related to the GM soy complex. To a different extent, both groups share a local agenda of resistance and an anti-imperialist imaginary. Both have national development objectives of Argentina in their ideological roots, although their conceptions of “development” are different (industrial development vs. protection of peasants’ life and the environment). We conclude that it is not enough to postulate that the neoliberal globalized privatization regime will just expand to the South as it did in Northern countries. Rather, combined with the commercialization of science, peripherality creates protest, activism and local regulation. [less ▲]

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See detailAOB community structure and richness under European beech, sessile oak, Norway spruce and Douglas-fir at three temperate forest sites
Malchair, Sandrine ULg; Carnol, Monique ULg

in Plant and Soil (2013), 366(1-2),

Abstract Background and aims The relations between tree species, microbial diversity and activity can alter ecosystem functioning. We investigated ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) community structure and ... [more ▼]

Abstract Background and aims The relations between tree species, microbial diversity and activity can alter ecosystem functioning. We investigated ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) community structure and richness, microbial/environmental factors related to AOB diversity and the relationship between AOB diversity and the nitrification process under several tree species. Methods Forest floor (Of, Oh) was sampled under European beech, sessile oak, Norway spruce and Douglas-fir at three sites. AOB community structure was assessed by PCR-DGGE and sequencing. Samples were analyzed for net N mineralization, potential nitrification, basal respiration, microbial biomass, microbial or metabolic quotient, pH, total nitrogen, extractable ammonium, organic matter content and exchangeable cations. Results AOB community structure and tree species effect on AOB diversity were site-specific. AOB richness was not related to nitrification. Factors regulating ammonium availability, i.e. net N mineralization or microbial biomass, were related to AOB community structure. Conclusion Our research shows that, at larger spatial scales, site specific characteristics may be more important than the nature of tree species in determining AOB diversity (richness and community structure). Within sites, tree species influence AOB diversity. The absence of a relation between AOB richness and nitrification points to a possibly role of AOB abundance, phenotypic plasticity or the implication of ammonia oxidizing archaea. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical surface inhomogeneities in late B-type stars with Hg and Mn peculiarity: I. Spot evolution in HD 11753 on short and long time scales
Korhonen, Heidi; Gonzalez, J.F.; Briquet, Maryline ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2013), 553

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See detailComputation of worst operation scenarios under uncertainty for static security management
Capitanescu, Florin; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (2013), 28(2), 1697-1705

This paper deals with day-ahead static security assessment with respect to a postulated set of contingencies while taking into account uncertainties about the next day system conditions. We propose a ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with day-ahead static security assessment with respect to a postulated set of contingencies while taking into account uncertainties about the next day system conditions. We propose a heuristic approach to compute the worst-case under operation uncertainty for a contingency with respect to overloads. We formulate this problem as a non-convex nonlinear bilevel program that we solve approximately by a heuristic approach which relies on the solution of successive optimal power flow (OPF) and security-constrained optimal power flow (SCOPF) problems of a special type. The method aims at revealing those combinations of uncertainties and contingencies for which the best combination of preventive and corrective actions would not suffice to ensure security. Extensive numerical results on a small, a medium, and a very large system prove the interest of the approach. [less ▲]

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See detailPrevalence of naturally occurng cartilage defects in the ovine knee
Vandeweerd, Jean-Michel; Hontoir, Fanny; Kirschvink, Nathalie et al

in Osteoarthritis and cartilage (2013), 21

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See detailFirst report of banana mild mosaic virus infecting plantain in Ivory Coast
Kouadio, Kouakou Théodore ULg; Agneroh, Thérèse Atcham; De Clerck, Caroline ULg et al

in Plant Disease (2013), 97(5), 693

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See detailWinged Promises: Exploring the Discourse on Transgenic Mosquitoes in Brazil
Reis-Castro, Luisa; Hendrickx, Kim ULg

in Technology in Society (2013), 35(2),

The bioeconomy is a strategic program strongly promoted within OECD countries. This paper discusses an example of how the purposes and promises of the bioeconomy are enacted in Brazil, in line with local ... [more ▼]

The bioeconomy is a strategic program strongly promoted within OECD countries. This paper discusses an example of how the purposes and promises of the bioeconomy are enacted in Brazil, in line with local environmental and political specificities. We focus on scientific and political discourse portraying a technological solution to fight dengue disease as a public health problem. The technology involves genetically modified mosquitoes that are released into the environment in order to suppress populations of disease-carrying mosquitoes. We show how the promise of fighting dengue, through technical and scientific arguments, becomes connected to political discourse about the welfare and 'progress' of Brazil as a nation. We argue that this connection comes about through two types of rhetoric devices that downplay risk and uncertainties in favor of the promises inscribed in laboratory-bred mosquitoes. In line with a basic tenet in the field of Science and Technology Studies, it becomes clear that science and politics are intertwined in both discourse and practice. In addition, we highlight the experimental and political character of public health interventions from a spatial perspective. The mosquitoes are set free in an environment that is considered a natural environment while at the same time responding to certain laboratory conditions such as relative isolation. In addition, the genetically modified mosquitoes, as bio-objects, are expected to act like natural mosquitoes in the wild. With these types of proximity between technology and nature in mind, we argue that the mosquitoes are meant not only to enact the pest management program they have been designed for, but also a political program claiming an avant-garde position of Brazil in a global bioeconomy. [less ▲]

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See detailFertilization Effects on the Chemical Composition and In Vitro Organic Matter Digestibility of Semi-natural Meadows as Predicted by NIR Spectrometry
Dale, Laura ULg; Thewis, André ULg; Rotar, Ioan et al

in Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca (2013), 41(1), 42-48

Management of livestock grazing in highly-productive mountain meadows is an important aspect for the economic viability and the environmental impact of a grassland-based farm. The main aim of this study ... [more ▼]

Management of livestock grazing in highly-productive mountain meadows is an important aspect for the economic viability and the environmental impact of a grassland-based farm. The main aim of this study was to build near infrared models to determine the chemical composition and in vitro organic matter digestibility of Romanian meadow forages. The treatments were organic and mineral fertilizer combinations, and forage samples were obtained from three fertilization experiments conducted in the Apuseni Mountains; these samples were analysed using classical and NIR methods. The samples were scanned in the NIR wavelength band. The CRA-W Gembloux ‘local’ calibration models were validated with Romanian meadow forages and then used in order to predict the forage quality of samples. A second objective of the study was to determine the effects of fertilization on forage quality. The results showed a decrease in crude protein content from the NPK treatment (150:75:75), which can be explained by a reduction of Fabaceae plants with this treatment from 17.25% of the populations in the control (semi-natural meadow not fertilized) to 6.25% in the fertilized plots. The decrease in protein content and in vitro organic matter digestibility was related to a reduced Fabaceae presence. Our recommendation is to use mineral fertilization with NPK doses less than 100:50:50 to improve meadow productivity; meanwhile organic fertilization can also be used to complement and maintain biodiversity and forage quality. [less ▲]

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See detailHOMOPHOBIE AU PAYS DE L'ONCLE TOM
Sacré, Robert ULg

in ABS Magazine (2013), (38),

Considerations personnelles et developpements consecutifs à la publicaton du dernier livre de Tony HEILBUT : "The Fan who knew too much" ; homosexualité, bisexualite et lesbianisme au sein des églises ... [more ▼]

Considerations personnelles et developpements consecutifs à la publicaton du dernier livre de Tony HEILBUT : "The Fan who knew too much" ; homosexualité, bisexualite et lesbianisme au sein des églises noires et blanches en Amerique, des groupes et solistes de black gospel [less ▲]

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See detailMDRD versus CKD-EPI equation to estimate glomerular filtration rate in kidney transplant recipients
Masson, Ingrid; Flamant, Martin; Maillard, Nicolas et al

in Transplantation (2013), 95(10), 1211-1217

Background. The new Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) creatinine-based equation was developed to address the systematic underestimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by ... [more ▼]

Background. The new Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) creatinine-based equation was developed to address the systematic underestimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study equation in patients with a relatively well-preserved kidney function. The performance of the new equation for kidney transplant recipients is discussed. Methods. We analyzed the performances of the CKD-EPI equation in comparison with the MDRD Study equation in 825 stable kidney transplant recipients. Bias, precision, and accuracy within 30% of true GFR were determined. GFR was measured by urinary clearance of inulin (n=488) and plasma clearance of 51Cr-EDTA (n=337). Results. Mean measured GFR (mGFR) was 50T19 mL/min/1.73 m2. On the whole cohort, bias was significantly lower for MDRD Study equation compared with CKD-EPI creatinine. This superiority translates into a better accuracy (80% and 74% for the MDRD and CKD-EPI creatinine, respectively). The best performance of the MDRD Study equation is confirmed both in the subgroups of patients with mGFR G60 mL/min/1.73 m2 and between 60 and 90 mL/min/1.73 m2. For mGFR 990 mL/min/1.73 m2, there were no significant differences between the two equations in terms of performance. Conclusions. The CKD-EPI creatinine equation does not offer a better GFR prediction in renal transplant patients compared with the MDRD Study equation, even in the earlier CKD stages. [less ▲]

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See detailGestion et prévention des hypomagnésémies
Gaillot, Claire ULg; Guyot, Hugues ULg

in Point Vétérinaire (2013), (Numéro spécial rural), 142-148

Magnesium plays an important role at different levels in the body. It is absorbed essentially in the rumen. Numerous factors, such as an increase in the ruminal concentration of potassium, interfere with ... [more ▼]

Magnesium plays an important role at different levels in the body. It is absorbed essentially in the rumen. Numerous factors, such as an increase in the ruminal concentration of potassium, interfere with the bioavailability of magnesium in the body. There is no hormonal control of magnesium, so prevention of hypomagnesaemia is by intake of magnesium supplementation in the ration and management of risk factors. The different forms of tetany are treated in the same manner, that is, by perfusion of the animal and corrective supplementation for the at-risk animals on the farm. [less ▲]

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See detailA micro-meso-model of intra-laminar fracture in fi ber-reinforced composites based on a Discontinuous Galerkin/Cohesive Zone Method
Wu, Ling ULg; Tjahjanto, Denny; Becker, Gauthier ULg et al

in Engineering Fracture Mechanics (2013), 104

The recently developed hybrid discontinuous Galerkin/extrinsic cohesive law framework is extended to the study of intra{laminar fracture of composite materials. Toward this end, micro-volumes of di erent ... [more ▼]

The recently developed hybrid discontinuous Galerkin/extrinsic cohesive law framework is extended to the study of intra{laminar fracture of composite materials. Toward this end, micro-volumes of di erent sizes are studied. The method captures the debonding process, which is herein proposed to be assimilated to a damaging process, before the strain softening onset, and the density of dissipated energy resulting from the damage (debonding) remains the same for the di erent studied cell sizes. Finally, during the strain softening phase a micro{crack initiates and propagates in agreement with experimental observations. We thus extract a resulting mesoscale cohesive law, which is independent on the cell sizes, using literature methods. [less ▲]

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See detailJ.E. Skinner, The Invention of Greek Ethnography: From Homer to Herodotus. Oxford, University Press, 2012.
Caneva, Stefano ULg

in Bryn Mawr Classical Review [=BMCR] (2013), 2013.05.05

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See detailLe rôle des RH dans l'entreprise tendue vers l'innovation
Pichault, François ULg; Picq, Thierry

in Revue Française de Gestion (2013), 39(233), 161-182

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See detailL’ALCOOLISME, UN MODÈLE D’ADDICTION AUX COMPLICATIONS SOMATIQUES MULTIPLES
PAQUOT, Nicolas ULg; DE FLINES, Jenny ULg; SCHEEN, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2013), 68(5-6), 272-280

Alcoholism is, after smoking, the most common addiction in our society. It is associated with multiple familial, social and professional negative consequences. In addition, alcohol disturbs cellular ... [more ▼]

Alcoholism is, after smoking, the most common addiction in our society. It is associated with multiple familial, social and professional negative consequences. In addition, alcohol disturbs cellular metabolism and its excessive chronic consumption may lead to multiple dysfunctions that can provoke somatic complications targeting numerous tissues or organs. The present article describes the most important ones involving the liver, the digestive tract, the heart, both the central and peripheral nervous system, and bone marrow. We also discuss the metabolic disturbances associated with chronic alcohol consumption, among which those affecting glucose regulation, lipid profile, uric acid and various vitamins. Finally, we describe the nutritional deficiencies that may be observed in alcoholic people and may contribute to aggravate somatic complications. [less ▲]

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See detailBovine lymphotropic herpesvirus detected in Belgium
Garigliany, Mutien-Marie ULg; Bayrou, Calixte ULg; Cassart, Dominique ULg et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2013), 172

The bovine lymphotropic herpesvirus was detected for the first time outside the US, Canada and UK in a cow with nonresponsive chronic metritis.

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See detailDevonian miospores from northwestern Gondwana
Breuer, Pierre; Steemans, Philippe ULg

in Special Papers in Palaeontology (2013), 89

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See detailRôle des oligo-éléments dans la santé du veau
Guyot, Hugues ULg

in Point Vétérinaire (2013), N° spécial(Mai), 24-30

Trace elements (TE) are essential for ruminant health. Numerous deficiencies are seen in Europe that cause diseases mainly in young animals. The main clinically important TE in ruminants are selenium (Se ... [more ▼]

Trace elements (TE) are essential for ruminant health. Numerous deficiencies are seen in Europe that cause diseases mainly in young animals. The main clinically important TE in ruminants are selenium (Se), iodine (I), zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu). They play a role in organogenesis and have most effect on immunity and growth. Placental passage of TE from the dam to the calf occurs, and after calving, Se and I pass via the colostrum/milk. Trace element supplements are essential during gestation for the development of the calf in utero, as well as for the animal’s health and growth after birth. [less ▲]

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See detailTransient Fokker-Planck-Kolmogorov equation solved with smoothed particle hydrodynamics method
Canor, Thomas ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (2013), 94(6), 535553

Probabilistic theories aim at describing the properties of systems subjected to random excitations by means of statistical characteristics such as the probability density function (pdf). The time ... [more ▼]

Probabilistic theories aim at describing the properties of systems subjected to random excitations by means of statistical characteristics such as the probability density function (pdf). The time evolution of the pdf of the response of a randomly excited deterministic system is commonly described with the transient Fokker-Planck-Kolmogorov equation (FPK). The FPK equation is a conservation equation of a hypothetical or abstract fluid, which models the transport of probability. This paper presents a generalized formalism for the resolution of the transient FPK equation using the well-known mesh-free Lagrangian method, Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH). Numerical implementation shows notable advantages of this method in an unbounded state space: (i) the conservation of total probability in the state space is explicitly written, (ii) no artifact is required to manage far- eld boundary conditions , (iii) the positivity of the pdf is ensured and (iv) the extension to higher dimensions is straightforward. Furthermore, thanks to the moving particles, this method is adapted for a large kind of initial conditions, even slightly dispersed distributions. The FPK equation is solved without any a priori knowledge of the stationary distribution; just a precise representation of the initial distribution is required. [less ▲]

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See detailHyperfine-structure splitting of the 716 nm R(90)3–10 molecular iodine transition
Huet, Nicolas ULg; Krins, Stéphanie ULg; Dubé, Pierre et al

in Journal of the Optical Society of America. B, Optical Physics (2013), 30

We report on the hyperfine-structure splitting of the 716 nm R 90 3–10 molecular iodine transition. We show that this particular iodine line provides a very useful frequency reference in the context of a ... [more ▼]

We report on the hyperfine-structure splitting of the 716 nm R 90 3–10 molecular iodine transition. We show that this particular iodine line provides a very useful frequency reference in the context of a laser cooling experiment of iron atoms, an atomic species that has so far never been laser cooled and trapped to our knowledge. We provide experimental values for the hyperfine constants ΔeQq and ΔC of the investigated iodine transition. Dispersive signals of this transition are also presented and used to lock the frequency of a Ti:sapphire laser. The reported stabilization performance is fully compatible with the requirements of a laser cooling experiment of iron atoms. [less ▲]

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See detailGenotypic and phenotypic characterisation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from milk of bovine mastitis
Bardiau, Marjorie ULg; Yamazaki, Kazuko; Duprez, Jean-Noel et al

in Letters in Applied Microbiology (2013)

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See detailGeodesics on a supermanifold and projective equivalence of superconnections
Leuther, Thomas ULg; Radoux, Fabian ULg; Tuynman, Gijs

in Journal of Geometry & Physics (2013), 67

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See detailJean Baubérot : La laïcité au pluriel
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

in Politique : Revue de Débats (2013), 80

Le travail de Jean Baubérot autour de la laîcité française est à la fois celui d'un historien, d'un sociologue et d'un théoricien politique. L'article tente de synthétiser sa réflexion à partir de ses ... [more ▼]

Le travail de Jean Baubérot autour de la laîcité française est à la fois celui d'un historien, d'un sociologue et d'un théoricien politique. L'article tente de synthétiser sa réflexion à partir de ses principaux textes récents. Il met en évidence la "provincialisation" de la laïcité à la française, qui parcourt toute l'oeuvre du sociologue, où celui-ci développe l'idée que la France n'est qu'un modèle de laicité parmi bien d'autres. Par ailleurs, comme Baubérot y insiste, il faut faire une différence marquée entre la laïcité "narrative", à savoir les récits qui s'expriment dans le débat public, et les pratiques réelle, souvent plus accomodantes. Enfin, cette laïcité narrative tend à faire dériver la laïcité comme ensemble de principes politiques vers une conception "culturaliste" qui tendrait à en faire un marqueur identitaire français. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius isolated from dogs and cats
Bardiau, Marjorie ULg; Yamazaki, Kazuko; Ote, Isabelle et al

in Microbiology and Immunology (2013)

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See detailHepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infection in Belgium: similarities and differences in epidemic and initial management
De Vroey, B; Moreno, C; Laleman, W et al

in European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology (2013), 25(5), 613-619

Introduction Nationwide studies comparing patients with hepatitis B and C virus (HBV and HCV) infections are mandatory for assessing changes in epidemiology. Aim The aim of this study was to compare ... [more ▼]

Introduction Nationwide studies comparing patients with hepatitis B and C virus (HBV and HCV) infections are mandatory for assessing changes in epidemiology. Aim The aim of this study was to compare epidemiological data and initial management of newly diagnosed patients with persistent HBV (HBsAg positive) or HCV (detectable HCV RNA) infection in Belgium. Patients and methods Data were extracted from two Belgian observational databases. Results A total of 655 patients (387 HBV and 268 HCV) were included. Compared with HCV patients, HBV patients were younger, more frequently men, more often of Asian or African origin (43 vs. 10%, P < 0.0001), and less frequently contaminated by transfusion or intravenous drug use (9 and 6% vs. 34 and 44%, P< 0.0001). Viral replication was assessed in 89% of HBV patients. Compared with HCV patients, HBV patients more frequently had normal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels (65 vs. 29%, P < 0.0001), less frequently underwent liver biopsy (29 vs. 67%, P < 0.0001), and were less often considered for antiviral therapy (25 vs. 54%, P < 0.0001). When taking only HBV patients with detectable viral replication into consideration, results remained unchanged. During the multivariate analysis, ALT was a major factor for performing liver biopsy or considering antiviral therapy in both groups. Conclusion HBV and HCV screening policies should be targeted toward immigrants and intravenous drug users, respectively. Guidelines recommending systematic search for viral replication should be reinforced in HBV patients. HBV patients less frequently underwent liver biopsy and were less often considered for antiviral therapy compared with HCV patients. Despite the lack of sensitivity and specificity, ALT remains a pivotal decision-making tool for liver biopsy and antiviral therapy in both infections. [less ▲]

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See detailA NEW SIMPLIFIED ANALYTICAL DESIGN METHOD FOR STEEL AND COMPOSITE SWAY FRAMES
Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Journal of Constructional Steel Research (2013)

Eurocode 4 is the European design code for composite construction; in its so-called EN 1994-1-1 version, the design of “non-sway buildings” is mainly covered. As a result, EC4 focuses on the check of ... [more ▼]

Eurocode 4 is the European design code for composite construction; in its so-called EN 1994-1-1 version, the design of “non-sway buildings” is mainly covered. As a result, EC4 focuses on the check of structural elements like beams, columns, slabs and joints. However, in the last years, the construction of taller buildings and larger industrial halls without wind bracing systems tends to make global instability a relevant failure mode, which is not well covered by Eurocode 4. Recently, intensive experimental, numerical and theoretical investigations have been carried out at Liège University. The latter aimed at improving the knowledge in the field of sway composite building frames and at developing appropriate design rules. The rotational behavior of the beam-to-column composite joints is one of the key aspects of the problem to which a special attention has been paid. This paper reflects investigations carried out at Liège University on this topic. In particular, an innovative simplified analytical method to predict the ultimate loading factor and the associated collapse mode of both steel and composite frames subjected to static loadings is presented. [less ▲]

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See detailLSP sneutrino decays into heavy standard model pairs
Aristizabal Sierra, Diego ULg; Restrepo, Diego; Spinner, Sogee

in Journal of High Energy Physics [=JHEP] (2013), 1305

In bilinear R-parity violation (BRpV), in which the superpotential includes a bilinear term between the lepton doublet and the up-type Higgs superfields, a sneutrino LSP can decay into pairs of heavy ... [more ▼]

In bilinear R-parity violation (BRpV), in which the superpotential includes a bilinear term between the lepton doublet and the up-type Higgs superfields, a sneutrino LSP can decay into pairs of heavy standard model states: W's, Z's, tops or Higgs bosons. These finals states can dominate over the traditionally considered bottom pair final state. This would lead to unique and novel supersymmetric signals with each supersymmetric event possibly producing two pairs of these heavy standard model fields. We investigate this possibility and find that the branching ratio into heavier states dominates when the bilinear term is much smaller than the sneutrino vacuum expectation value for a given sneutrino flavor. When BRpV is the only source of neutrino masses these decays can only dominate for one of the sneutrino generations. Relaxing this constraint opens these channels for all three generations. [less ▲]

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See detailL'héroïne
Demaret, Isabelle ULg; Lemaître, André ULg; Ansseau, Marc ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2013), 68(5-6), 287

Summary : Heroin (or diacetylmorphine), a depressant of the nervous central system, is a semi-synthetic opiate. Its main adverse effect, respiratory depression, can lead to death, especially after an ... [more ▼]

Summary : Heroin (or diacetylmorphine), a depressant of the nervous central system, is a semi-synthetic opiate. Its main adverse effect, respiratory depression, can lead to death, especially after an intravenous injection. By loss of tolerance, an overdose can be lethal following heroin use after a period of abstinence (voluntary or not). Mortality rate among heroin users is between 1 and 3%. Addiction, following a regular and continuous use, occurs in less than a quarter of persons who ever tried heroine. Heroin addicts often present with different problems (for instance, a criminal behaviour), without any obvious link with addiction. For a fraction of the addicts, addiction becomes a chronic relapsing disease, requiring a long term maintenance substitution therapy. However, relapses and sometimes continuous heroin use are frequent. For treatment resistant and severe heroin addicts, heroinassisted treatment can be a solution. Despite the numerous available therapies, heroin is considered to be the drug with the most negative effects on the user. [less ▲]

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See detailLes venins d'animaux, nouvelle panacée?
Echterbille, Julien ULg; Quinton, Loïc ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg

in Athena (2013)

Araignées, serpents, scorpions,… autant d’animaux ayant une place particulière dans l’imaginaire collectif. Fascinants, horripilants voire même terrifiants, les adjectifs ne manquent pas pour qualifier ... [more ▼]

Araignées, serpents, scorpions,… autant d’animaux ayant une place particulière dans l’imaginaire collectif. Fascinants, horripilants voire même terrifiants, les adjectifs ne manquent pas pour qualifier les réactions qu’ils suscitent auprès des populations. Que dire alors de la peur engendrée par leur venin. Une simple piqûre, morsure ou contact peut s’avérer extrêmement dangereux voire létal... [less ▲]

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See detailCompte-rendu de l'ouvrage d'Adolf Reinach, Phénoménologie réaliste.
Zincq, Aurélien ULg

in Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (2013), IX(3), 5-8

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See detailLa face cachée des intrigues de cour. Prolégomènes à une étude du rôle des femmes royales dans les royaumes hellénistiques
Caneva, Stefano ULg

in Mètis : Revue d’Anthropologie du Monde Grec Ancien : Philologie, Histoire, Archéologie (2013)

Dans mon intervention je me propose de partir des représentations du rôle des femmes dans les récits stéréotypés sur la dégénération des cours hellénistiques pour réfléchir sur les « dessous » politiques ... [more ▼]

Dans mon intervention je me propose de partir des représentations du rôle des femmes dans les récits stéréotypés sur la dégénération des cours hellénistiques pour réfléchir sur les « dessous » politiques (institutionnels et idéologiques) que ces récits ne sont pas à même, ou ne veulent pas, révéler. J’articulerai mon discours suivant quatre mots-clés : complot ; basilissa ; Aphrodite ; euergétisme. Le complot, la première activité qui caractérise les reines hellénistiques dans l’historiographie, dépend en fait souvent de l’incapacité des auteurs grecs de comprendre en sens politique le rôle des femmes dans une tradition, celle de la Macédoine, qui est différente de celle qu’ont développée les poleis de la Grèce péninsulaire. Par conséquent, les intrigues amoureuses dont les reines sont protagonistes peuvent être lues, dans la plupart des cas, comme une ressource narrative topique, employée pour palier à un déficit d’interprétation politique. Pourtant, l’insuffisance du récit historiographique n’est pas toujours un symptôme de naïveté : l’analyse de certains cas spécifiques montre que la topique de la femme qui utilise la séduction pour tramer des complots à l’intérieur de la cour fonctionne parfois comme un instrument de propagande, visant à effacer les vraies motivations politiques des guerres et des conspirations. Mais propagande diffamatoire mise à part, où faut-il chercher les vrais enjeux du rôle politique des reines hellénistiques ? Un premier problème se pose parce que, dans le vocabulaire politique de l’hellénisme, le féminin basilissa n’a pas une fonction équivalente au masculin basileus. Alors que celui-ci renvoie à l’unicité institutionnelle du roi, basilissa peut être la reine, en tant que femme du roi (terme qui se révèle déjà ambigu dans le système de polygamie traditionnelle argéade), aussi bien que d’autres femmes royales, à partir des princesses jusqu’aux hetairai royales. A l’unicité institutionnelle du basileus, s’oppose donc la pluralité, ouverte à plusieurs types de relations familiales, des basilissai. Ce décalage linguistique et politique a notamment des conséquences sur notre compréhension des sources, d’autant plus quand il s’agit de la traduction regina dans l’historiographie romaine sur l’hellénisme. Les reines hellénistiques sont presque toujours associées à Aphrodite. Pourquoi ? Une comparaison entre Theocr. XVII et le dossier épigraphique sur Laodike III montrera les liens entre cette identification avec la déesse de la séduction, évoquant aussi bien la fécondité des nouvelles épouses, et la ratification idéologique d’un modèle de légitimité de la reine à l’intérieur de la cour et de la société. Ce modèle s’appuie sur une relation entre l’ euérgetisme de la reine, c’est à dire son intervention résolutive à la fois dans la vie de la cour et dans les relations politiques avec les poleis et les temples, et la diffusion des cultes en son honneur. Mais, comme pour les rois, l’euergétisme n’a pas seulement un côté idéologique. Les reines hellénistiques peuvent agir comme des bienfaiteurs parce qu’elles peuvent disposer de rentes et d’un certain niveau d’indépendance économique et politique, selon un statut dont les modèles seront à distinguer suivant plusieurs traditions, de celle de la Macédoine à celles de la Perse et de l’Égypte, en passant par des cultures de contact, comme celles qu’a développées l’histoire séculaire des dynasties de l’Asie Mineure. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of Fe(III) adsorption onto palygorskite surfaces
Middea, Antonieta; Lima Alves Pinheiro Fernandes, Thais; Neumann, Reiner et al

in Applied Surface Science (2013), 282

In this work, the adsorption of Fe(III) onto Brazilian palygorskite nanoparticles was investigated and the modifications of the mineral–aqueous solution interface properties were evaluated. We also ... [more ▼]

In this work, the adsorption of Fe(III) onto Brazilian palygorskite nanoparticles was investigated and the modifications of the mineral–aqueous solution interface properties were evaluated. We also investigated the influence of the adsorbent concentration and the best contact time for the adsorption to occur. The results showed that an increase in adsorbent dosage also increased the Fe(III) adsorption and the Langmuir model fitted the experimental data, showing that palygorskite is a potential clay mineral for the removal of cations from solutions. [less ▲]

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See detailStratification du risque cardiovasculaire selon la fonction rénale
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Journal de Cardiologie [= JDC] = Tijdschrift voor Cardiologie [= TVC] (2013), 3

Le risque cardiovasculaire est particulièrement important chez le patient qui a une insuffisance rénale (GFR abaissée et/ou albuminurie présente). Il est souvent sous-estimé en utilisant la table SCORE ... [more ▼]

Le risque cardiovasculaire est particulièrement important chez le patient qui a une insuffisance rénale (GFR abaissée et/ou albuminurie présente). Il est souvent sous-estimé en utilisant la table SCORE par l'agrégation de facteurs de risque traditionnels et non traditionnels quand i y a une IR, à identifier correctement et précocement. La prise en charge de ces facteurs agit sur la prévention à la fois rénale et cardiovasculaire. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessing gaps and needs for integrating building performance optimization tools in net zero energy buildings design
Attia, Shady ULg; Hamdy, Mohamed; O’Brien, William et al

in Energy and Buildings (2013), 60

This paper summarizes a study undertaken to reveal potential challenges and opportunities for integrating optimization tools in net zero energy buildings (NZEB) design. The paper reviews current trends in ... [more ▼]

This paper summarizes a study undertaken to reveal potential challenges and opportunities for integrating optimization tools in net zero energy buildings (NZEB) design. The paper reviews current trends in simulation-based building performance optimization (BPO) and outlines major criteria for optimization tools selection and evaluation. This is based on analyzing user's needs for tools capabilities and requirement specifications. The review is carried out by means of a literature review of 165 publications and interviews with 28 optimization experts. The findings are based on an inter-group comparison between experts. The aim is to assess the gaps and needs for integrating BPO tools in NZEB design. The findings indicate a breakthrough in using evolutionary algorithms in solving highly constrained envelope, HVAC and renewable optimization problems. Simple genetic algorithm solved many design and operation problems and allowed measuring the improvement in the optimality of a solution against a base case. Evolutionary algorithms are also easily adapted to enable them to solve a particular optimization problem more effectively. However, existing limitations including model uncertainty, computation time, difficulty of use and steep learning curve. Some future directions anticipated or needed for improvement of current tools are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailAstrochemistry: The issue of molecular complexity in astrophysical environments
De Becker, Michaël ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège (2013), 83

Astrochemistry aims at studying chemical processes in astronomical environments. This discipline -- located at the crossroad between astrophysics and chemistry -- is rapidly evolving and explores the ... [more ▼]

Astrochemistry aims at studying chemical processes in astronomical environments. This discipline -- located at the crossroad between astrophysics and chemistry -- is rapidly evolving and explores the issue of the formation of molecules of increasing complexity in particular physical conditions that deviate signi - cantly from those frequently encountered in chemistry laboratories. The main goal of this paper is to provide an overview of this discipline. So far, about 170 molecules have been identi ed in the interstellar medium (ISM). The presence of this molecular diversity constitutes a rm evidence that e cient formation processes are at work in the interstellar medium. This paper aims at summarizing most of present ideas that are explored by astrochemists to investigate the chemistry taking place in various astronomical environments, with emphasis on the particular conditions which are met in space (including radiation elds, cosmic-rays, low densities...). The more ambitious question of the molecular complexity is addressed following two approaches presented to be converging. The rst approach considers the growing complexity starting from the most simple chemical species in interstellar environments, and the second approach envisages successive precursors of the most complex species commonly found on Earth, and in particular in our biochemistry. The issue of molecular complexity constitutes one of the main modern scienti c questions addressed by astrochemistry, and it is used as a guideline across this paper. [less ▲]

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See detailEpreuves isocinétiques de résistance à la fatigue
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Bosquet, L.; Maquet, Didier ULg et al

in Lettre de Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation (2013)

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See detailL’UE, l’interrégionalisme et les puissances émergentes. Le cas du ‘partenariat’ euro-brésilien
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Politique Européenne (2013), 39

La contribution revient sur les relations développée avec le Brésil et s'intérroge sur les raisons de ce partenariat, sur les intérêts des parties pour une telle association, sur la manière dont cette ... [more ▼]

La contribution revient sur les relations développée avec le Brésil et s'intérroge sur les raisons de ce partenariat, sur les intérêts des parties pour une telle association, sur la manière dont cette dernière s’articule avec les relations que l’UE entretient avec le Mercosur ainsi que sur les obstacles et les limites qu’elle rencontre. [less ▲]

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See detailL'herméneutique paranoïaque
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Evolution Psychiatrique (2013), 78(2), 267-277

This paper addresses the issue of paranoiac hermeneutic (search for meaning and significance). As any human hermeneutics, this tendency to interpret the world includes a relational dimension as well as a ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the issue of paranoiac hermeneutic (search for meaning and significance). As any human hermeneutics, this tendency to interpret the world includes a relational dimension as well as a bodily dimension. Three paradigms are proposed by the author to define this hermeneutics: (1) "the hazard does not exist" (2) " a certainty that is yet to be proved" and (3) "the paranoiac is unable to turn to a third party". This theoretical and clinical study also discusses the paranoiac logic in individuals free of mental illness and seeks to determine how a psychological paranoiac functioning will be part of the psychotic register or not. The concepts of "loss of natural evidence" and "pathology of common sense" are those which are used to demonstrate that is in the social and relational dimensions that the problems of the paranoiac lie. The fundamental question regarding the status of reality and knowledge (and of its diffusion) is the dimension that causes the switch to psychosis. The hermeneutics of the relationship is empty for the paranoiac and his "knowledge" no longer meets the social rules which normally turn interpretation into opinion and not into delusion. [less ▲]

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See detailSAHBNET, an Accessible Surface-Based Elastic Network: An Application to Membrane Protein
Dony, Nicolas ULg; Crowet, Jean-Marc ULg; Joris, Bernard ULg et al

in International Journal of Molecular Sciences (2013), 14(6), 11510-26

Molecular Dynamics is a method of choice for membrane simulations and the rising of coarse-grained forcefields has opened the way to longer simulations with reduced calculations times. Here, we present an ... [more ▼]

Molecular Dynamics is a method of choice for membrane simulations and the rising of coarse-grained forcefields has opened the way to longer simulations with reduced calculations times. Here, we present an elastic network, SAHBNET (Surface Accessibility Hydrogen-Bonds elastic NETwork), that will maintain the structure of soluble or membrane proteins based on the hydrogen bonds present in the atomistic structure and the proximity between buried residues. This network is applied on the coarse-grained beads defined by the MARTINI model, and was designed to be more physics-based than a simple elastic network. The SAHBNET model is evaluated against atomistic simulations, and compared with ELNEDYN models. The SAHBNET is then used to simulate two membrane proteins inserted in complex lipid bilayers. These bilayers are formed by self-assembly and the use of a modified version of the GROMACS tool genbox (which is accessible through the gcgs.gembloux.ulg.ac.be website). The results show that SAHBNET keeps the structure close to the atomistic one and is successfully used for the simulation of membrane proteins. [less ▲]

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See detailTwo new SB2 binaries with main sequence B-type pulsators in the Kepler field
Pápics, P. I.; Tkachenko, A.; Aerts, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2013), 553(127),

Context: OB stars are important in the chemistry and evolution of the Universe, but the sample of targets well understood from an asteroseismological point of view is still too limited to provide feedback ... [more ▼]

Context: OB stars are important in the chemistry and evolution of the Universe, but the sample of targets well understood from an asteroseismological point of view is still too limited to provide feedback on the current evolutionary models. Our study extends this sample with two spectroscopic binary systems. AIMS. Our goal is to provide orbital solutions, fundamental parameters and abundances from disentangled high-resolution high signal-to-noise spectra, as well as to analyse and interpret the variations in the Kepler light curve of these carefully selected targets. This way we continue our efforts to map the instability strips of beta Cep and SPB stars using the combination of high-resolution ground-based spectroscopy and uninterrupted space-based photometry. Methods: We fit Keplerian orbits to radial velocities measured from selected absorption lines of high-resolution spectroscopy using synthetic composite spectra to obtain orbital solutions. We use revised masks to obtain optimal light curves from the original pixel-data from the Kepler satellite, which provided better long term stability compared to the pipeline processed light curves. We use various time-series analysis tools to explore and describe the nature of variations present in the light curve. Results: We find two eccentric double-lined spectroscopic binary systems containing a total of three main sequence B-type stars (and one F-type component) of which at least one in each system exhibits light variations. The light curve analysis (combined with spectroscopy) of the system of two B stars points towards the presence of tidally excited g modes in the primary component. We interpret the variations seen in the second system as classical g mode pulsations driven by the kappa mechanism in the B type primary, and explain the unexpected power in the p mode region as a result of nonlinear resonant mode excitation. [less ▲]

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See detailAutour de Holger Meins. Documentaire et lutte armée dans l'entourage de la DFFB après 1969.
Hamers, Jérémy ULg

in Cahiers d'études germaniques (2013), 64(2013/1), 113-129

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See detailAccelerated oxidation test of freeze-dried Pseudomonas fluorescens BTP1, BB2 and PI9 strains.
Mputu Kanyinda, Jean-Noël ULg

in International Journal of Microbiology Research (2013)

Pseudomonas fluorescens strains are very susceptible to damage during freeze-drying and storage. It would be useful to have longer lasting viable powders. Membrane oxidation is one of the factors ... [more ▼]

Pseudomonas fluorescens strains are very susceptible to damage during freeze-drying and storage. It would be useful to have longer lasting viable powders. Membrane oxidation is one of the factors responsible for damages suffered by P. fluorescens strains during storage. Singlet oxygen (1O2) is a highly reactive form of molecular oxygen that may harm living systems by oxidizing critical cellular macromolecules. We exposed freeze-dried powders of three strains P. fluorescens (BB2, BTP1 and PI9) to singlet oxygen produced by photosensitisation of Methylene Blue/ light during 2 hours. We observe a significant loss in survival rate, a pronounced oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, protein oxidation (carbonyl groups) and protein insolubilisation. This study enables better predictions of types of packaging suitable for freeze-dried powders of P. fluorescens. [less ▲]

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See detailValidation of the Food Frequency Questionnaire Used to Assess the Association between Dietary Habits and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in the NESCAV Study
Sauvageot, Nicolas ULg; Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg et al

in Journal of Food Science (2013), 3(3),

Abstract Background: In epidemiological studies, the validation of dietary assessment instruments is important to avoid biased associations with outcome measures. Objective: Our objective was to assess ... [more ▼]

Abstract Background: In epidemiological studies, the validation of dietary assessment instruments is important to avoid biased associations with outcome measures. Objective: Our objective was to assess the validity of the 134-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) used in the Nutrition Environment and Cardiovascular Health (NESCAV) study. Methods: The FFQ was validated against a 3-day dietary record (DR) on a sample of 29 women. The intra- class correlation coefficient (ICC) and Bland and Altman plots were used to assess absolute agreement, whereas relative agreement was appraised by Spearman’s correlation coefficient and Cohen kappa coefficient based on cross classification of 3-category nutrient intake. Results: The two methods differed significantly for the majority of micronutrients with FFQ yielding higher intakes than the DR. The bias between the two methods was nonetheless acceptable with an average overestimation by the FFQ of 11% for macronutrients and 29% for micronutrients. Regarding precision, results differed by 48% for micronutrients and 50% for macronutrients. Correlations on energy-adjusted data by the two methods were satisfactory with an average correlation of 0.47 and 16/25 coefficients above 0.40. Only vitamin A and cholesterol showed poor correlations of 0.02 and 0.05, respectively. On average, the correct classification rate in 3 categories was 50.3% and 19/25 kappa coefficients were above 0.20. Poor agreement was found for protein, cholesterol, starch, vitamins A, B12 and E with weighted kappa coefficient less than 0.20. Conclusion: Although absolute values of dietary intakes were not always accurate, the relationship and agreement between FFQ and DR may be considered as satisfactory. In particular, the FFQ was able to categorize subjects into 3 broad categories of intakes for most nutrients. Results for proteins, cholesterol, starch, vitamins A, E and B12 however ought to be interpreted with caution [less ▲]

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See detailLa politique climatique en Belgique. Suivre les évolutions par les bifurcations et les turbulences (1987-2010)
Piet, Grégory ULg

in Carnet de recherche Socio-informatique et argumentation (2013), Logique d'enquête

Ce billet souligne l’intérêt, pour les sciences sociales et politiques, de produire des analyses sur un temps relativement long de dossiers complexes tels que le « changement climatique ». Il montre ... [more ▼]

Ce billet souligne l’intérêt, pour les sciences sociales et politiques, de produire des analyses sur un temps relativement long de dossiers complexes tels que le « changement climatique ». Il montre, d’autre part, comment organiser le suivi de ces dossiers à travers les bifurcations et les turbulences – l’ensemble s’inscrivant dans le suivi de corpus évolutifs, selon une démarche de balistique argumentative (Chateauraynaud, 2011). [less ▲]

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See detailAn essential role for gamma-herpesvirus latency-associated nuclear antigen homolog in an acute lymphoproliferative disease of cattle.
Palmeira, Leonor; Sorel, Océane ULg; Van Campe, Willem et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2013)

Wildebeests carry asymptomatically alcelaphine herpesvirus 1 (AlHV-1), a gamma-herpesvirus inducing malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) to several ruminant species (including cattle). This acute and lethal ... [more ▼]

Wildebeests carry asymptomatically alcelaphine herpesvirus 1 (AlHV-1), a gamma-herpesvirus inducing malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) to several ruminant species (including cattle). This acute and lethal lymphoproliferative disease occurs after a prolonged asymptomatic incubation period after transmission. Our recent findings with the rabbit model indicated that AlHV-1 infection is not productive during MCF. Here, we investigated whether latency establishment could explain this apparent absence of productive infection and sought to determine its role in MCF pathogenesis. First, whole-genome cellular and viral gene expression analyses were performed in lymph nodes of MCF-developing calves. Whereas a severe disruption in cellular genes was observed, only 10% of the entire AlHV-1 genome was expressed, contrasting with the 45% observed during productive infection in vitro. In vivo, the expressed viral genes included the latency-associated nuclear antigen homolog ORF73 but none of the regions known to be essential for productive infection. Next, genomic conformation analyses revealed that AlHV-1 was essentially episomal, further suggesting that MCF might be the consequence of a latent infection rather than abortive lytic infection. This hypothesis was further supported by the high frequencies of infected CD8+ T cells during MCF using immunodetection of ORF73 protein and single-cell RT-PCR approaches. Finally, the role of latency-associated ORF73 was addressed. A lack of ORF73 did not impair initial virus replication in vivo, but it rendered AlHV-1 unable to induce MCF and persist in vivo and conferred protection against a lethal challenge with a WT virus. Together, these findings suggest that a latent infection is essential for MCF induction. [less ▲]

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See detailConvective drying of wastewater sludge: Introduction of shrinkage effect in mathematical modeling
Bennamoun, Lyes ULg; Crine, Michel ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

in Drying Technology (2013), 31(6), 643-654

Drying of two kinds of wastewater sludge was studied. The first part was an experimental work done in a discontinuous cross-flow convective dryer using 1 kg of wet material extruded in 12-mm-diameter ... [more ▼]

Drying of two kinds of wastewater sludge was studied. The first part was an experimental work done in a discontinuous cross-flow convective dryer using 1 kg of wet material extruded in 12-mm-diameter cylinders. The results show the influence of drying air temperature for both sludges. The second part consisted of developing a drying model in order to identify the internal diffusion coefficient and the convective mass transfer coefficient from the experimental data. A comparison between fitted drying curves, well represented by Newton's model, and the analytical solutions of the equation of diffusion, applied to a finite cylinder, was made. Variations in the physical parameters, such as the mass, density, and volume of the dried product, were calculated. This allowed us to confirm that shrinkage, which is an important parameter during wastewater sludge drying, must be taken into account. The results showed that both the internal diffusion coefficient and convective mass transfer coefficient were affected by the air temperature and the origin of the sludge. The values of the diffusion coefficient changed from 42.35 × 10−9 m2 · s−1 at 160°C to 32.49 × 10−9 m2 · s−1 at 122°C for sludge A and from 33.40 × 10−9 m2 · s−1 at 140°C to 28.45 × 10−9 m2 · s−1 at 120°C for sludge B. The convective mass transfer coefficient changed from 4.52 × 10−7 m · s−1 at 158°C to 3.33 × 10−7 m · s−1 at 122°C for sludge A and from 3.44 × 10−7 m · s−1 at 140°C to 2.84 × 10−7 m2 · s−1 at 120°C for sludge B. The temperature dependency of the two coefficients was expressed using an Arrhenius-type equation and related parameters were deduced. Finally, the study showed that neglecting shrinkage phenomena resulted in an overestimation that can attain and exceed 30% for the two coefficients. [less ▲]

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See detailCompost Pile Monitoring Using Different Approaches:GC-MS, E-nose and dynamic olfactometry
Gutierrez, M. C.; Chica, A. F.; Martin, M. A. et al

in Waste and Biomass Valorization (2013)

The evaluation of odour emissions associated to the composting process is complex because these emissions depend on several factors such as the raw material to be composted, the different stages of the ... [more ▼]

The evaluation of odour emissions associated to the composting process is complex because these emissions depend on several factors such as the raw material to be composted, the different stages of the composting process, meteorological conditions, and others. For this reason, the aim of this paper is to compare complementary approaches to monitor odours. The odour source selected for this study is green waste compost at different maturity stages. The study site is a composting facility located in the south of Belgium. The compared approaches were: a portable e-nose developed by the Environmental Monitoring Research team (Arlon, Belgium) to monitor odorous emissions from the composting piles; chemical analyses performed in the laboratory using a GC–MS (manufactured by Thermo) to analyse volatile organic compounds which were collected by active sampling on Tenax TA sorbent simultaneously to the in situ e-nose measurements and olfactometric measurements to determine the odour concentration (ouE/m3) using the Odile olfactometer (Odotech). The portable e-nose was also used in the laboratory with compost odour samples collected in bags. The large numbers of data sets obtained were explored by statistical methods such as principal components analysis. The results obtained highlight the advantages of monitoring the composting process with these three approaches. Each approach gives different information about the composting process and the emissions generated. While the e-nose is capable of identifying some chemical family emissions and some activities such as turning steps, the GC–MS identifies each chemical compound emitted and dynamic olfactometry quantifies the odour concentration (ouE/m3) in relationship with these emissions. [less ▲]

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See detail[70,l+] baryons in large Nc QCD revisited: The effect on Regge trajectories
Matagne, Nicolas; Stancu, Floarea ULg

in Physical Review. D : Particles and Fields (2013), 87(April), 076012

A simple procedure within the 1/N_c expansion method where all the N_c quarks are treated on the same footing has been found successful in describing mixed symmetric negative parity baryon states ... [more ▼]

A simple procedure within the 1/N_c expansion method where all the N_c quarks are treated on the same footing has been found successful in describing mixed symmetric negative parity baryon states belonging to the [{\bf 70},\ell^-] multiplets of the N = 1 and 3 bands. Presently it is applied to mixed symmetric positive parity [{\bf 70},0^+] and [{\bf 70},2^+] multiplets of the N = 2 band. We search for the most dominant terms in the mass formula. The results are compared to those obtained in the procedure where the system is separated into a core and an excited quark. We find that both the spin and isospin operators of the entire system of N_c quarks play dominant roles in describing the data, like for negative parity states. As a by-product we present the contribution of the leading spin-isospin singlet term as a function of the band number, which hints at distinct Regge trajectories for the symmetric and mixed symmetric states. [less ▲]

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See detailAn efficient algorithm to perform multiple testing in epistasis screening
Van Lishout, François ULg; Mahachie John, Jestinah ULg; Gusareva, Elena ULg et al

in BMC Bioinformatics (2013), 14

Background: Research in epistasis or gene-gene interaction detection for human complex traits has grown over the last few years. It has been marked by promising methodological developments, improved ... [more ▼]

Background: Research in epistasis or gene-gene interaction detection for human complex traits has grown over the last few years. It has been marked by promising methodological developments, improved translation efforts of statistical epistasis to biological epistasis and attempts to integrate different omics information sources into the epistasis screening to enhance power. The quest for gene-gene interactions poses severe multiple-testing problems. In this context, the maxT algorithm is one technique to control the false-positive rate. However, the memory needed by this algorithm rises linearly with the amount of hypothesis tests. Gene-gene interaction studies will require a memory proportional to the squared number of SNPs. A genome-wide epistasis search would therefore require terabytes of memory. Hence, cache problems are likely to occur, increasing the computation time. In this work we present a new version of maxT, requiring an amount of memory independent from the number of genetic effects to be investigated. This algorithm was implemented in C++ in our epistasis screening software MBMDR-3.0.3. We evaluate the new implementation in terms of memory efficiency and speed using simulated data. The software is illustrated on real-life data for Crohn's disease. Results: In the case of a binary (affected/unaffected) trait, the parallel workflow of MBMDR-3.0.3 analyzes all gene-gene interactions with a dataset of 100,000 SNPs typed on 1000 individuals within 4 days and 9 hours, using 999 permutations of the trait to assess statistical significance, on a cluster composed of 10 blades, containing each four Quad-Core AMD Opteron Processor 2352 2.1 GHz. In the case of a continuous trait, a similar run takes 9 days. Our program found 14 SNP-SNP interactions with a multiple-testing corrected p-value of less than 0.05 on real-life Crohn's disease data. Conclusions: Our software is the first implementation of the MB-MDR methodology able to solve large-scale SNP-SNP interactions problems within a few days, without using much memory, while adequately controlling the type I error rates. A new implementation to reach genome-wide epistasis screening is under construction. In the context of Crohn's disease, MBMDR-3.0.3 could identify epistasis involving regions that are well known in the field and could be explained from a biological point of view. This demonstrates the power of our software to find relevant phenotype-genotype higher-order associations. [less ▲]

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See detailA Methodology to Improve the Robustness of Gas Turbine Engine Performance Monitoring Against Sensor Faults
Dewallef, Pierre ULg; Borguet, Sébastien ULg

in Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power (2013), 135(5),

For turbine engine performance monitoring purposes, system identification techniques are often used to adapt a turbine engine simulation model to some measurements performed while the engine is in service ... [more ▼]

For turbine engine performance monitoring purposes, system identification techniques are often used to adapt a turbine engine simulation model to some measurements performed while the engine is in service. Doing so, the simulation model is adapted through a set of so-called health parameters whose values are intended to represent a faithful image of the actual health condition of the engine. For sake of low computational burden, the problem of random errors contaminating the measurements is often considered to be zero-mean, white and Gaussian random variables. However, when a sensor fault occurs, the measurement errors no longer satisfy the Gaussian assumption and the results given by the system identification rapidly become unreliable. The present contribution is dedicated to the development of a diagnosis tool based on a Kalman filter whose structure is slightly modified in order to accommodate sensor malfunctions. The benefit in terms of the diagnostic reliability of the resulting tool is illustrated on several sensor faults that may be encountered on a current turbofan layout. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis and pharmacological evaluation of 2-aryloxy/arylamino-5-cyanobenzenesulfonylureas as novel thromboxane A2 receptor antagonists
Bambi-Nyanguile, Sylvie-Mireille; Hanson, Julien ULg; OOMS, Annie ULg et al

in European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (2013), 65C

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See detailEvapotranspiration amplifies European summer drought
Teuling, Adriaan J.; Van Loon, Anne F.; Seneviratne, Sonia Isabelle et al

in Geophysical Research Letters (2013)

Drought is typically associated with a lack of precipitation, whereas the contribution of evapotranspiration and runoff to drought evolution is not well understood. Here, we use unique long-term ... [more ▼]

Drought is typically associated with a lack of precipitation, whereas the contribution of evapotranspiration and runoff to drought evolution is not well understood. Here, we use unique long-term observations made in four headwater catchments in Central and Western Europe to reconstruct storage anomalies and study the drivers of storage anomaly evolution during drought. We provide observational evidence for the ‘drought-paradox’ in that region: a consistent and significant increase in evapotranspiration during drought episodes which acts to amplify the storage anomalies. In contrast, decreases in runoff act to limit storage anomalies. Our findings stress the need for the correct representation of evapotranspiration and runoff processes in drought indices. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of food resources on the ranging pattern of Northern pig-tailed macaques (Macaca leonina)
Albert, Aurelie; Huynen, Marie-Claude ULg; Savini, Tommaso et al

in International Journal of Primatology (2013)

Food availability may influence primates’ home range size and use. Understanding this relationship may facilitate the design of conservation strategies. We aimed to determine how fruit availability ... [more ▼]

Food availability may influence primates’ home range size and use. Understanding this relationship may facilitate the design of conservation strategies. We aimed to determine how fruit availability influences the ranging patterns of a group of northern pig-tailed macaques (Macaca leonina) living around the visitor center of Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. We predicted that macaques would increase their range during low fruit abundance periods to gather high-quality food and that they would go where there are more fruits or more fruits of particular species. We also predicted that human food, linked to human pre sence, would attract the macaques. We followed the macaques and recorded their diet and movements within their home range. We superimposed a grid on kernels defining the monthly home range surface to compare spatially macaques’ travel and the availability of fruits measured on botanical transects. Our results showed that the macaques increased their monthly home range in March, probably to obtain newly available fruits. During high fruit abundance seasons, they spent more time near particular fruit species. In August and September, although fruits became rare again, macaques kept their home range large, perhaps to find enough fruits as supplies dwindled. Finally, from October to February, they decreased their monthly home range size while consuming human food, a highquality item. In conclusion, the macaques used several ranging strategies according to fruit availability. however, we think that, without human food, macaques would tend to increase their range during low fruit abundance periods, as predicted. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of food resources on the ranging pattern of Northern pig-tailed macaques (Macaca leonina)
Albert, Aurelie; Huynen, Marie-Claude ULg; Savini, Tommaso et al

in International Journal of Primatology (2013)

Food availability may influence primates’ home range size and use. Understanding this relationship may facilitate the design of conservation strategies. We aimed to determine how fruit availability ... [more ▼]

Food availability may influence primates’ home range size and use. Understanding this relationship may facilitate the design of conservation strategies. We aimed to determine how fruit availability influences the ranging patterns of a group of northern pig-tailed macaques (Macaca leonina) living around the visitor center of Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. We predicted that macaques would increase their range during low fruit abundance periods to gather high-quality food and that they would go where there are more fruits or more fruits of particular species. We also predicted that human food, linked to human pre sence, would attract the macaques. We followed the macaques and recorded their diet and movements within their home range. We superimposed a grid on kernels defining the monthly home range surface to compare spatially macaques’ travel and the availability of fruits measured on botanical transects. Our results showed that the macaques increased their monthly home range in March, probably to obtain newly available fruits. During high fruit abundance seasons, they spent more time near particular fruit species. In August and September, although fruits became rare again, macaques kept their home range large, perhaps to find enough fruits as supplies dwindled. Finally, from October to February, they decreased their monthly home range size while consuming human food, a highquality item. In conclusion, the macaques used several ranging strategies according to fruit availability. however, we think that, without human food, macaques would tend to increase their range during low fruit abundance periods, as predicted. [less ▲]

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See detailOne-pot controlled synthesis of double thermoresponsive N-vinylcaprolactam-based copolymers with tunable LCSTs
Kermagoret, Anthony ULg; Fustin, Charles-André; Bourguignon, Maxime et al

in Polymer Chemistry (2013), 4(8), 2575-2583

N-Vinylcaprolactam (NVCL) was copolymerized statistically for the first time in a controlled manner with hydrophilic N-vinylamide or hydrophobic vinylester monomers in order to precisely tune up and down ... [more ▼]

N-Vinylcaprolactam (NVCL) was copolymerized statistically for the first time in a controlled manner with hydrophilic N-vinylamide or hydrophobic vinylester monomers in order to precisely tune up and down the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of the resulting copolymers. The incorporation of these segments in complex architectures was also considered. Several narrowly distributed NVCL-based copolymers were prepared by cobalt-mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) using the bis-(acetylacetonato)cobalt(II) complex as a controlling agent and N-methyl-N-vinylacetamide (NMVA), N-vinylacetamide (NVA), vinyl acetate (VAc) or vinyl pivalate (VPi) as comonomers. PNVCL-containing block copolymers having two discrete LCSTs were also synthesized following a one-pot strategy based on the sequential CMRP of NVCL followed by the copolymerization of NMVA with the residual NVCL. Upon gradual heating of aqueous solutions of such double thermoresponsive copolymers, we noticed a transition from free chains to micelles before full dehydration and collapse of the block copolymers. These advances represent a significant step towards the development of a platform based on thermoresponsive PNVCL copolymers with a single phase separation or multistep assembly behaviors. [less ▲]

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See detailHERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS REACTIVATION AND DENTAL PROCEDURES
EL HAYDERI, Lara ULg; DELVENNE, Philippe ULg; ROMPEN, Eric ULg et al

in Clinical Oral Investigations (2013)

Objectives : Dental extraction is reportes to trigger recurrent herpes labialis (RHL). Aim : This aims to prospectively study the clinical occurrence of RHL and the oral herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1 ... [more ▼]

Objectives : Dental extraction is reportes to trigger recurrent herpes labialis (RHL). Aim : This aims to prospectively study the clinical occurrence of RHL and the oral herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) viral shedding before and 3 days after different dental procedures. Materials and methods : Oral HSV-1 DNA was measured by real-time PCR before and 3 days after dental procedures of the inferior dentition in 57 immunocometent patients (mean age 32.4 years) who were selected and divided into four distinct subgroups (dental inspection without anesthesia, n=14; molar extraction under local anesthesia, n=15; and molar extraction under general anesthesia, n=9) and compared to 32 healthy controls (mean age 33 years). Results : None of the patients suffered from RHL at day 3. Oral HSV-1 DNA was detected before and after procedure in 1.7 % (1/57) and 5.3 % (3/57), respectively [dental inspection without anesthesia, 5.3 % (1/19); molar extraction under local anesthesia, 6.7 % (1/15); and molar extraction under general anesthesia, 11 % (1/9)]. None of the controls presented RHL or detectable oral HSV-1 DNA. There was no statistically significant difference between the study groups and controls. [less ▲]

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See detailLes francophones de Flandre : une communauté ? un avenir ? Enquête sociolinguistique auprès de jeunes francophones gantois
Dassargues, Alix ULg

in FrancoFonie: Revue du Centre d’Étude des Francophones en Flandre / Tijdschrift van het Studiecentrum Franstaligen in Vlaanderen (2013), (4),

Despite the fact that the presence of Francophones in Flanders is a most interesting sociolinguistic case, recent sociolinguistic data of French-speaking communities in Flanders are not available. So, an ... [more ▼]

Despite the fact that the presence of Francophones in Flanders is a most interesting sociolinguistic case, recent sociolinguistic data of French-speaking communities in Flanders are not available. So, an exploratory investigation has been conducted among young French-speaking people from Ghent. Through quantitative and qualitative data, this investigation raises questions about the existence of a linguistic and/or social community gathering French-speaking inhabitants in Flanders and about the uncertain future of French in Flanders. [less ▲]

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See detailL'-band AGPM vector vortex coronagraph's first light on VLT/NACO: Discovery of a late-type companion at two beamwidths from an F0V star
Mawet, D.; Absil, Olivier ULg; Delacroix, Christian ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2013), 552

Context. High contrast imaging has thoroughly combed through the limited search space accessible with first-generation ground-based adaptive optics instruments and the Hubble Space Telescope. Only a few ... [more ▼]

Context. High contrast imaging has thoroughly combed through the limited search space accessible with first-generation ground-based adaptive optics instruments and the Hubble Space Telescope. Only a few objects were discovered, and many non-detections reported and statistically interpreted. The field is now in need of a technological breakthrough. Aim. Our aim is to open a new search space with first-generation systems such as NACO at the Very Large Telescope, by providing ground-breaking inner working angle (IWA) capabilities in the L' band. The L' band is a sweet spot for high contrast coronagraphy since the planet-to-star brightness ratio is favorable, while the Strehl ratio is naturally higher. Methods. An annular groove phase mask (AGPM) vector vortex coronagraph optimized for the L' band, made from diamond subwavelength gratings was manufactured and qualified in the lab. The AGPM enables high contrast imaging at very small IWA, potentially being the key to unexplored discovery space. Results. Here we present the installation and successful on-sky tests of an L'-band AGPM coronagraph on NACO. Using angular differential imaging, which is well suited to the rotational symmetry of the AGPM, we demonstrated a \Delta L' > 7.5 mag contrast from an IWA ~ 0".09 onwards, during average seeing conditions, and for total integration times of a few hundred seconds. [less ▲]

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See detailFécondité des vaches et troupeaux laitiers wallons. Effet du management.
Chapaux, Philippe; Glorieux, Géry; Hanzen, Christian ULg

in Wallonie Elevages (2013), 4

L’intervalle moyen entre vêlages est de 409 jours. Pour les 25 % meilleurs troupeaux (3125 annéesz troupeaux) et vaches (107.700 lactations), il est respectivement de 387 et 346 jours. L’objectif ... [more ▼]

L’intervalle moyen entre vêlages est de 409 jours. Pour les 25 % meilleurs troupeaux (3125 annéesz troupeaux) et vaches (107.700 lactations), il est respectivement de 387 et 346 jours. L’objectif classiquement proposé d’un veau par vache et par an n’est atteint que dans 0,38% des troupeaux et par une vache sur quatre (27%). L’augmentation de la production laitière moyenne s’accompagne d’un allongement de l’intervalle entre vêlages. Des performances de reproduction comprises entre 380 jours pour les élevages dont la production est inférieure à 8000 kg et de 390 jours pour les élevages dont la production est supérieure à 8000 kg de lait sont néanmoins tout à fait possibles. L’impact de l’augmentation du niveau de production sur l’allongement de l’intervalle entre vêlages est limité. Les éleveurs dont les troupeaux ont des moyennes de production égales ou supérieures à 8.000 kg tirent un meilleur parti de l’environnement (effet positif) que ceux dont les troupeaux ont des moyennes de production inférieures à 7.000 Kg. La marge brute par vache augmente avec le niveau de production laitière moyen du troupeau. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of diffuse light on isoprene and monoterpene emissions from a mixed temperate forest
Laffineur, Quentin ULg; Aubinet, Marc ULg; Schoon, Niels et al

in Atmospheric Environment (2013), 46(74), 385-392

This study investigated the impact of diffuse light on canopy scale emission of isoprene and monoterpenes measured continuously above a mixed temperate forest, using the disjunct eddy-covariance by mass ... [more ▼]

This study investigated the impact of diffuse light on canopy scale emission of isoprene and monoterpenes measured continuously above a mixed temperate forest, using the disjunct eddy-covariance by mass scanning technique with a proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometer (PTR-MS) instrument. To assess this impact, the relationship between emissions/radiation and emissions/gross primary production (GPP) under clear sky and cloudy conditions were analysed. Under cloudy conditions (high proportion of diffuse radiation), the isoprene and monoterpene fluxes were enhanced compared to clear sky conditions (low proportion of diffuse radiation) at equivalent temperature and above-canopy total radiation. The whole-canopy enzymatic activity of the metabolic isoprene production pathway, however, was suggested to be lower under cloudy conditions than under clear sky conditions at equivalent temperature. The mechanisms behind these observations are probably linked to the better penetration of diffuse radiation in the canopy. Shade leaves/needles receive more radiation in cloudy conditions than in clear sky conditions, thereby inducing the observed effects. [less ▲]

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See detailParametric study of metal/polymer multilayer coatings for temperature wrinkling prediction
Zhang, Lihong ULg; Habraken, Anne ULg; Ben Bettaieb, Amine ULg et al

in Journal of Materials Engineering & Performance (2013), 22(9), 2437-2445

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See detailThe histamine H3-receptor inverse agonist Pitolisant improves fear memory in mice
Brabant, Christian ULg; Charlier, Yana ULg; Tirelli, Ezio ULg

in Behavioural Brain Research (2013), 243

Numerous studies have demonstrated that brain histamine plays a crucial role in learning and memory and histamine H3 receptor inverse agonists (H3R inverse agonists) have been proposed to treat cognitive ... [more ▼]

Numerous studies have demonstrated that brain histamine plays a crucial role in learning and memory and histamine H3 receptor inverse agonists (H3R inverse agonists) have been proposed to treat cognitive disorders. Pitolisant (BF2.649, 1-{3-[3-(4-chlorophenyl)propoxy]propyl}piperidine, hydrochloride) was the first H3R inverse agonist that has been tested in human trials and is well tolerated. The present study investigated whether Pitolisant (0.625–20 mg/kg, i.p.) improves consolidation and reconsolidation processes in the fear conditioning task in female C57BL/6J mice. We also tested whether Pitolisant reverses memory deficits induced by the non-competitive N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist dizocilpine (MK-801). Our results indicate that post-training systemic injections of Pitolisant facilitated consolidation of contextual fear memory and reversed amnesia induced by an i.p. injection of 0.12 mg/kg dizocilpine. In addition, none of the doses of Pitolisant we have tested after reactivation (reexposure to the context in which training took place 48 h earlier) affected reconsolidation, whereas dizocilpine disrupted it. However, Pitolisant was able to reverse the deficit in reconsolidation induced by 0.12 mg/kg dizocilpine. The present results are the first demonstration that Pitolisant is effective in improving consolidation processes in the fear condition task and add further evidence to its potential for treating cognitive disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailDual anticancer drug/superparamagnetic iron oxide-loaded PLGA-based nanoparticles for cancer therapy and magnetic resonance imaging
Schleich, N.; Sibret, Pierre ULg; Danhier, P. et al

in International Journal of Pharmaceutics (2013), 447(1-2), 94-101

We developed dual paclitaxel (PTX)/superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-loaded PLGA-based nanoparticles for a theranostic purpose. Nanoparticles presented a spherical morphology and a size of 240 nm. The ... [more ▼]

We developed dual paclitaxel (PTX)/superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-loaded PLGA-based nanoparticles for a theranostic purpose. Nanoparticles presented a spherical morphology and a size of 240 nm. The PTX and iron loading were 1.84 ± 0.4 and 10.4 ± 1.93 mg/100 mg respectively. Relaxometry studies and phantom MRI demonstrated their efficacy as T2 contrast agent. Significant cellular uptake by CT26 cells of nanoparticles was shown by Prussian blue staining and fluorescent microscopy. While SPIO did not show any toxicity in CT-26 cells, PTX-loaded nanoparticles had a cytotoxic activity. PTX-loaded nanoparticle (5 mg/kg) with or without co-encapulated SPIO induced in vivo a regrowth delay of CT26 tumors. Together these multifunctional nanoparticles may be considered as future nanomedicine for simultaneous molecular imaging, drug delivery and real-time monitoring of therapeutic response. [less ▲]

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See detailIn situ nitroxide-mediated polymerization of styrene promoted by the N-tert-butyl-alpha-isopropylnitrone/BPO pair: ESR investigations
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Clément, Jean-Louis; Sciannaméa, Valérie et al

in Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry (2013), 51(8), 1786-1795

The styrene polymerization initiated by benzoyl peroxide (BPO) in the presence of N-tert-butyl--isopropylnitrone as nitroxide precursor is well-controlled provided that a prereaction between the nitrone ... [more ▼]

The styrene polymerization initiated by benzoyl peroxide (BPO) in the presence of N-tert-butyl--isopropylnitrone as nitroxide precursor is well-controlled provided that a prereaction between the nitrone and BPO is carried out in suitable conditions prior to polymerization at a higher temperature. Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy was implemented to probe the nitroxides formed during both steps, that is, the prereaction and polymerization, and to get crucial information regarding the structure of the nitroxides responsible for the polymerization control. ESR studies combined with first principles calculations have evidenced that nitroxides observed during the prereaction in the presence of styrene and during the polymerization steps consist of a mixture of two macronitroxides. One is formed by the addition of a growing polystyrene chain to the nitrone as would be expected. However, the second one results from the addition of a polystyrene chain to tert-butyl nitroso that is in situ formed presumably by decomposition of the first macronitroxide type. [less ▲]

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See detailBrain dead yet mind alive: A positron emission tomography case study of brain metabolism in Cotard’s syndrome
Charland-Verville, Vanessa ULg; Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ULg; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg et al

in Cortex : A Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System & Behavior (2013), 49(7), 1997-1999

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See detailThe future sea-level rise contribution of Greenland's glaciers and ice caps
Machguth, H.; Rastner, P.; Bolch, T. et al

in Environmental Research Letters (2013), 8(025005), 14

We calculate the future sea-level rise contribution from the surface mass balance of all of Greenland's glaciers and ice caps (GICs, ~90 000 km2) using a simplified energy balance model which is driven by ... [more ▼]

We calculate the future sea-level rise contribution from the surface mass balance of all of Greenland's glaciers and ice caps (GICs, ~90 000 km2) using a simplified energy balance model which is driven by three future climate scenarios from the regional climate models HIRHAM5, RACMO2 and MAR. Glacier extent and surface elevation are modified during the mass balance model runs according to a glacier retreat parameterization. Mass balance and glacier surface change are both calculated on a 250 m resolution digital elevation model yielding a high level of detail and ensuring that important feedback mechanisms are considered. The mass loss of all GICs by 2098 is calculated to be 2016 ± 129 Gt (HIRHAM5 forcing), 2584 ± 109 Gt (RACMO2) and 3907 ± 108 Gt (MAR). This corresponds to a total contribution to sea-level rise of 5.8 ± 0.4, 7.4 ± 0.3 and 11.2 ± 0.3 mm, respectively. Sensitivity experiments suggest that mass loss could be higher by 20–30% if a strong lowering of the surface albedo were to take place in the future. It is shown that the sea-level rise contribution from the north-easterly regions of Greenland is reduced by increasing precipitation while mass loss in the southern half of Greenland is dominated by steadily decreasing summer mass balances. In addition we observe glaciers in the north-eastern part of Greenland changing their characteristics towards greater activity and mass turnover. [less ▲]

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