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See detailSpore assemblages from Upper Ordovician and Lowermost Silurian sediments recovered from the Qusaiba-1 shallow core hole, Qasim region, central Saudi Arabia
Wellman, Charles H.; Steemans, Philippe ULg; Miller, M.A.

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2015), 212

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See detailNon-myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation following fludarabine plus 2 Gy TBI or ATG plus 8 Gy TLI: a phase II randomized study from the Belgian Hematological Society
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Zachée, Pierre; Maertens, Johan et al

in Journal of Hematology & Oncology (2015), 8(4), 10118613045-014-0098-9

Background: Few studies thus far have compared head-to-head different non-myelooablative conditioning regimens for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). Methods: Here, we report the ... [more ▼]

Background: Few studies thus far have compared head-to-head different non-myelooablative conditioning regimens for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). Methods: Here, we report the results of a phase II multicenter randomized study comparing non-myeloablative allo-HCT from HLA-identical siblings (n = 54) or from 10/10 HLA-matched unrelated donors (n = 40) with either fludarabine plus 2 Gy total body irradiation (Flu-TBI arm; n = 49) or 8 Gy TLI + anti-thymocyte globulin (TLI-ATG arm; n = 45) conditioning. Results: The 180-day cumulative incidences of grade II-IV acute GVHD (primary endpoint) were 12.2% versus 8.9% in Flu-TBI and TLI-ATG patients, respectively (P = 0.5). Two-year cumulative incidences of moderate/severe chronic GVHD were 40.8% versus 17.8% in Flu-TBI and TLI-ATG patients, respectively (P = 0.017). Five Flu-TBI patients and 10 TLI-ATG patients received pre-emptive DLI for low donor chimerism levels, while 1 Flu-TBI patient and 5 TLI-ATG patients (including 2 patients given prior pre-emptive DLIs) received a second HCT for poor graft function, graft rejection, or disease progression. Four-year cumulative incidences of relapse/progression were 22% and 50% in Flu-TBI and TLI-ATG patients, respectively (P = 0.017). Four-year cumulative incidences of nonrelapse mortality were 24% and 13% in Flu-TBI and TLI-ATG patients, respectively (P = 0.5). Finally, 4-year overall (OS) and progression-free survivals (PFS) were 53% and 54%, respectively, in the Flu-TBI arm, versus 54% (P = 0.9) and 37% (P = 0.12), respectively, in the TLI-ATG arm. Conclusions: In comparison to patients included in the Flu-TBI arm, patients included in the TLI-ATG arm had lower incidence of chronic GVHD, higher incidence of relapse and similar OS. [less ▲]

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See detailDiabètes iatrogènes : importance d’une analyse critique du rapport bénéfices/risques des traitements en cause
SCHEEN, André ULg

in Médecine des Maladies Métaboliques (2015), 9(3), 1-3

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See detailNylon flocked swab severely reduces Hexagon Obti sensibility
Frippiat, Christophe; De Roy, Gilbert; Fontaine, Louis-Marie et al

in Forensic Science International (2015), 247(0), 126-129

Abstract Hexagon Obti immunological blood test and flocked swab are widely used in forensic laboratories. Nevertheless, up to now, no compatibility tests have been published between sampling with the ... [more ▼]

Abstract Hexagon Obti immunological blood test and flocked swab are widely used in forensic laboratories. Nevertheless, up to now, no compatibility tests have been published between sampling with the ethylene oxide treated flocked swab and the Hexagon Obti blood detection strip. In this study, we investigated this compatibility. Our work shows that sampling with ethylene oxide treated flocked swab reduces by a factor of at least 100 the detection threshold of blood using the Hexagon Obti immunological test. [less ▲]

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See detailThe neural basis of temporal order processing in past and future thought
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Jeunehomme, Olivier ULg; Majerus, Steve ULg et al

in Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience (2015), 27

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See detailDiagnostic pitfall in antenatal manifestations of CPT II deficiency.
BOEMER, François ULg; DEBERG, Michelle ULg; SCHOOS, Roland ULg et al

in Clinical genetics (2015)

Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT2) deficiency is a rare inborn error of mitochondrial fatty acid metabolism associated with various phenotypes. Whereas most patients present with postnatal signs of ... [more ▼]

Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT2) deficiency is a rare inborn error of mitochondrial fatty acid metabolism associated with various phenotypes. Whereas most patients present with postnatal signs of energetic failure affecting muscle and liver, a small subset of patients presents antenatal malformations including brain dysgenesis and neuronal migration defects. Here, we report recurrence of severe cerebral dysgenesis with Dandy-Walker malformation in three successive pregnancies and review previously reported antenatal cases. Interestingly, we also report that acylcarnitines profile, tested retrospectively on the amniotic fluid of last pregnancy, was not sensitive enough to allow reliable prenatal diagnosis of CPT2 deficiency. Finally, because fetuses affected by severe cerebral malformations are frequently aborted, CPT2 deficiency may be underestimated and fatty acid oxidation disorders should be considered when faced with a fetus with Dandy-Walker anomaly or another brain dysgenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailPour une iconologie critique : sens, dynamique et efficacité des images
Hagelstein, Maud ULg

in Critique d'Art : Actualité Francophone et Internationale de la Littérature Critique sur l'Art Contemporain = The International Review of Contemporary Art Criticism (2015)

La théorie de l’image actuelle s’inscrit dans le sillage de l’iconologie en vertu de la reprise explicite de plusieurs axes problématiques centraux pour cette méthode, qui permettent son redéploiement ... [more ▼]

La théorie de l’image actuelle s’inscrit dans le sillage de l’iconologie en vertu de la reprise explicite de plusieurs axes problématiques centraux pour cette méthode, qui permettent son redéploiement critique : 1. la réflexion sur la représentation iconique, sur son rapport au langage et sa logique spécifique ; 2. l’enquête sur la dynamique de l’image (circulation, persistance et développement) ; 3. l’étude de l’efficacité des images et de la production de savoirs multiples sous l’effet d’opérations de montage. [less ▲]

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See detailBiotechnological uses of RNAi in plants: Risk assessment considerations
Casacuberta, J. M.; Devos, Y.; du Jardin, Patrick ULg et al

in Trends in Biotechnology (2015), 33(3), 145-147

RNAi offers opportunities to generate new traits in genetically modified (GM) plants. Instead of expressing novel proteins, RNAi-based GM plants reduce target gene expression. Silencing of off-target ... [more ▼]

RNAi offers opportunities to generate new traits in genetically modified (GM) plants. Instead of expressing novel proteins, RNAi-based GM plants reduce target gene expression. Silencing of off-target genes may trigger unintended effects, and identifying these genes would facilitate risk assessment. However, using bioinformatics alone is not reliable, due to the lack of genomic data and insufficient knowledge of mechanisms governing mRNA-small (s)RNA interactions. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailDairy farms typology and management of animal genetic resources in the peri-urban zone of Bamako (Mali)
Toure, Abdoulaye; Moula, Nassim ULg; Kouriba, Ali et al

in Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics (2015), 116(1), 37-47

Facing growth in demand, dairy production in peri-urban areas of developing countries is changing rapidly. To characterise this development around Bamako (Mali), this study establishes a typology of dairy ... [more ▼]

Facing growth in demand, dairy production in peri-urban areas of developing countries is changing rapidly. To characterise this development around Bamako (Mali), this study establishes a typology of dairy production systems with a special focus on animal genetic resources. The survey included 52 dairy cattle farms from six peri-urban sites. It was conducted in 2011 through two visits, in the dry and harvest seasons. The median cattle number per farm was 17 (range 5–118) and 42% of farmers owned cropland (8.3± 7.3 ha, minimum 1 ha, maximum 25 ha). Feeding strategy was a crucial variable in farm characterisation, accounting for about 85% of total expenses. The use of artificial insemination and a regular veterinary follow-up were other important parameters. According to breeders’ answers, thirty genetic profiles were identified, from local purebreds to different levels of crossbreds. Purebred animals raised were Fulani Zebu (45.8 %), Maure Zebu (9.2 %), Holstein (3.0 %), Azawak Zebu (1.3 %), Mere Zebu (0.5%) and Kuri taurine (0.1 %). Holstein crossbred represented 30.5% of the total number of animals (19.0% Fulani-Holstein, 11.2% Maure-Holstein and 0.3% Kuri-Holstein). Montbéliarde, Normande and Limousin crossbreds were also found (6.6 %, 0.7% and 0.3 %, respectively). A multivariate analysis helped disaggregate the diversity of management practices. The high diversity of situations shows the need for consideration of typological characteristics for an appropriate intervention. Although strongly anchored on local breeds, the peri-urban dairy systems included a diversity of exotic cattle, showing an uncoordinated quest of breeders for innovation. Without a public intervention, this dynamic will result in an irremediable erosion of indigenous animal genetic resources. [less ▲]

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See detailVers une généralisation des quartiers durables ? Présentation du référentiel d’aide à la conception et à l’évaluation développé en Wallonie et analyse prospective de douze quartiers.
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Delbar, Caroline; Loiseau, Véronique ULg et al

in Urbia (2015)

Un référentiel a été développé en Wallonie, à la demande du Ministre de l’Environnement, de l’Aménagement du Territoire et de la Mobilité, pour opérationnaliser le concept de « quartier durable » en ... [more ▼]

Un référentiel a été développé en Wallonie, à la demande du Ministre de l’Environnement, de l’Aménagement du Territoire et de la Mobilité, pour opérationnaliser le concept de « quartier durable » en objectivant les critères minimum à respecter pour inscrire un quartier dans une vision transversale de développement durable. Ce référentiel constitue un cadre général qui régira les projets de quartiers durables menés en Wallonie (Belgique). Les 5 thématiques et les 25 critères qui constituent ce référentiel sont présentés. La grille de critères est ensuite appliquée à douze quartiers de façon à identifier les invariants communs aux processus de conception de ces quartiers et les freins à l’intégration des principes transversaux du développement durable dans les opérations de ce type. Si les critères relatifs aux performances énergétiques des bâtiments ont percolé dans un grand nombre de cas, la mixité des logements et leur accessibilité, la mixité sociale et la participation restent peu abordés. Le référentiel est disponible depuis début 2014 pour tous les acteurs de l’architecture et de l’urbanisme. [less ▲]

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See detailImproved extraction of valence transversity distributions from inclusive dihadron production
Radici, Marco; Courtoy, Aurore ULg; Bacchetta, Alessandro et al

in JHEP (2015), 1505

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See detailError analysis of generalized-alpha Lie group time integration methods for constrained mechanical systems
Arnold, Martin; Bruls, Olivier ULg; Cardona, Alberto

in Numerische Mathematik (2015), 129(1), 149-179

Generalized-alpha methods are very popular in structural dynamics. They are methods of Newmark type and combine favourable stability properties with second order convergence for unconstrained second order ... [more ▼]

Generalized-alpha methods are very popular in structural dynamics. They are methods of Newmark type and combine favourable stability properties with second order convergence for unconstrained second order systems in linear spaces. Recently, they were extended to constrained systems in flexible multibody dynamics that have a configuration space with Lie group structure. In the present paper, the convergence of these Lie group methods is analysed by a coupled one-step error recursion for differential and algebraic solution components. It is shown that spurious oscillations in the transient phase result from order reduction that may be avoided by a perturbation of starting values or by index reduction. Numerical tests for a benchmark problem from the literature illustrate the results of the theoretical investigations. [less ▲]

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See detailWhen private actors matter: Information-sharing network and surveillance of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Vietnam
Delabouglise, Alexis; Dao, T.H.; Truong, D.B. et al

in Acta Tropica (2015), 147

The effectiveness of animal health surveillance systems depends on their capacity to gather sanitary information from the animal production sector. In order to assess this capacity we analyzed the flow of ... [more ▼]

The effectiveness of animal health surveillance systems depends on their capacity to gather sanitary information from the animal production sector. In order to assess this capacity we analyzed the flow of sanitary information regarding Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) suspicions in poultry in Viet- nam. Participatory methods were applied to assess the type of actors and likelihood of information sharing between actors in case of HPAI suspicion in poultry. While the reporting of HPAI suspicions is manda- tory, private actors had more access to information than public actors. Actors of the upstream sector (medicine and feed sellers) played a key role in the diffusion of information. The central role of these actors and the influence of the information flow on the adoption by poultry production stakeholders of behaviors limiting (e.g. prevention measures) or promoting disease transmission (e.g. increased animal movements) should be accounted for in the design of surveillance and control programs. [less ▲]

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See detailCharge Redistribution Effects on the UV-VIS Spectra of Small Ligated Gold Clusters: a Computational Study
Lugo Preciado, Jesus Gustavo ULg; Schwanen, Valérie ULg; Fresch, Barbara ULg et al

in Journal of Physical Chemistry C (2015), 119(20), 10969-10980

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See detailTransition of maternal dietary n-3 fatty acids from the yolk to the liver of broiler breeder progeny via the residual yolk sac
Koppenol, A.; Buyse, J.; Everaert, Nadia ULg et al

in Poultry Science (2015), 94(1), 43-52

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the transfer of maternal dietary fatty acids (FA) from the yolk to the developing offspring, with special emphasis on n-3 FA eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the transfer of maternal dietary fatty acids (FA) from the yolk to the developing offspring, with special emphasis on n-3 FA eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Six hundred forty Ross 308 breeders were housed from 6 to 58 wk of age in 16 pens resulting in 4 replicates per dietary treatment. They were fed 1 of 4 diets: a basal diet, rich in n-6 FA (CON), or an n-3 FA enriched diet formulated to obtain an EPA/DHA ratio of 1/1 (EPA = DHA), 1/2 (DHA), or 2/1 (EPA). At 28, 43, and 58 wk of age, 20 eggs per treatment were collected and analyzed for FA composition. At these same breeder ages, 600 fertilized eggs per treatment were incubated. At hatch the residual yolks of 25 chicks per treatment were collected and analyzed for FA composition. At every hatch, 180 chicks per treatment were raised under standard conditions and livers were sampled at d 1, 14, 28, and 38 d for FA analysis. Concentrations of EPA in the yolk and residual yolk of eggs laid by EPA-fed breeders were highest, next-to-highest for EPA = DHA-fed breeders, next-tolowest for DHA-fed breeders, and lowest in those laid by control hens, reflecting the inclusion levels in the maternal diets. Yolk and residual yolk DHA concentrations, however, were not only elevated due to DHA supplementation, compared with the control diet, but also due to EPA supplementation. Offspring hepatic EPA concentrations were elevated until d 28 in all n-3 enriched groups, whereas hepatic DHA concentrations were only affected by EPA = DHA and DHA supplementation at d 1. No differences were found in hepatic DHA concentrations at later offspring ages. Considering the role of EPA and DHA in early development and growth, the maternal supply of these n-3 FA might improve offspring health and performance. � 2014 Poultry Science Association Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical characterisation and in vitro assessment of the nutritive value of co-products yield from the corn wet-milling process
Malumba Kamba, Paul ULg; Boudry, Christelle ULg; Roiseux, Olivier et al

in Food Chemistry (2015), 166

The chemical characteristics of co-products recovered during a laboratory-scale wet milling procedure as well as that of whole corn flour were characterised and their digestibility and fermentability ... [more ▼]

The chemical characteristics of co-products recovered during a laboratory-scale wet milling procedure as well as that of whole corn flour were characterised and their digestibility and fermentability value determined using a 2 steps in vitro digestibility and fermentation model of the pig digestive tract. Five co-products differing in their chemical composition were collected and analysed. These co-products differed in their in vitro dry matter Digestibility and in their kinetic of fermentation. High coefficients of digestibility were observed for starchy samples, while low coefficients of digestibility were observed for samples rich in lignocellulosic components. Fermentation patterns of samples analysed were different as well as the profile of volatile fatty acids produced during the fermentation. The production of straight-chain fatty acids produced was significantly correlated with the proportion of starch in the sample, while branched-chain fatty acids were correlated to proteins concentration of samples. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of nutritional programming on growth and metabolism caused by albumen removal in an avian model
Willems, E.; Koppenol, A.; De Ketelaere, B. et al

in Journal of Endocrinology (2015), 225

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See detailOleuropein or rutin consumption decreases the spontaneous development of osteoarthritis in the Hartley guinea pig.
Horcajada, M.-N.; Sanchez, Christelle ULg; Membrez Scalfo et al

in Osteoarthritis and cartilage / OARS, Osteoarthritis Research Society (2015), 23(1), 94-102

OBJECTIVE: To assess the potential protective effects of three polyphenols oleuropein, rutin and curcumin, on joint ageing and osteoarthritis (OA) development. DESIGN: Sixty 4-week-old Dunkin-Hartley ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To assess the potential protective effects of three polyphenols oleuropein, rutin and curcumin, on joint ageing and osteoarthritis (OA) development. DESIGN: Sixty 4-week-old Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs were randomized into four groups and received daily during 31 weeks either standard guinea pig diet (control group) or a standard guinea pig diet enriched with oleuropein (0.025%), rutin (0.5%) or rutin/curcumin (0.5%/0.25%) association. Biomarkers of OA (Coll2-1, Coll2-1NO2, Fib3-1, Fib3-2, ARGS), as well as inflammation (PGE2) were quantified in the serum. Histological assessments of knee cartilage and synovial membrane were performed at week 4 (five young reference guinea pigs) and week 35. RESULTS: At week 35, guinea pigs in the control group spontaneously developed significant cartilage lesions with mild synovial inflammation. The histological scores of cartilage lesions and synovitis were well correlated with the increased level of serum biomarkers. Histologically, all treatments significantly reduced the cartilage degradation score (P < 0.01), but only oleuropein significantly decreased the synovial histological score (P < 0.05) and serum PGE2 levels (P < 0.01) compared to the control group. Coll2-1 was decreased by rutin and the combination of rutin/curcumin, Fib3-1 and Fib3-2 were only decreased by the rutin/curcumin mixture, while Coll2-1NO2 was significantly decreased by all treatments (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Oleuropein and rutin +/- curcumin significantly slowed down the progression of spontaneous OA lesions in guinea pigs. While no additive effect was seen in the curcumin + rutin group, the differential effects of oleuropein and rutin on inflammatory and cartilage catabolic markers suggest an interesting combination for future studies in OA protection. [less ▲]

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See detailDe Jacques Antoine aux Éperonniers : l'édition littéraire en Belgique au passé et au présent. Seconde partie : Création contemporaine et politiques du livre. Lysiane D'Haeyere aux Éperonniers
Durand, Pascal ULg; Habrand, Tanguy ULg

in Textyles : Revue des Lettres Belges de Langue Française (2015), 47

Le positionnement pionnier des Éditions Jacques Antoine dans la patrimonialisation des lettres belges, à travers la collection « Passé Présent », n’a porté ses fruits que durant une assez brève période ... [more ▼]

Le positionnement pionnier des Éditions Jacques Antoine dans la patrimonialisation des lettres belges, à travers la collection « Passé Présent », n’a porté ses fruits que durant une assez brève période, de la seconde moitié des années 1970 et au début des années 1980. Seconde partie d'un article en deux temps, celle-ci évoque les causes de la faillite du projet initial avant d'examiner les modalités de son évolution ultérieure, sous la conduite de Lysiane D’Haeyere et dans le cadre réaménagé des Éditions Les Éperonniers. L’histoire de cette continuité dans la rupture et de cette transmission de rôle éditorial est restée jusqu’à ce jour très obscure, pour des raisons qui conjoignent affaires privées et contentieux commercial. L'article éclaircit cette histoire et jette, à travers elle, un jour nouveau sur un aspect des Lettres belges de langue française où s’articulent étroitement histoire de l’édition et histoire de la littérature. Les archives confiées par les héritiers de Lysiane D’Haeyere au Centre d’Étude du Livre Contemporain de l’Université de Liège, une journée d’étude organisée le 5 mai 2010 par le CELIC avec l’appoint de témoins directs de son activité d’éditrice, ont représenté à cet égard des ressources de premier plan. [less ▲]

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See detailFocal cerebral ischemia impairs motivation in a progressive FR schedule of reinforcement in mice
Linden, Jérôme ULg; Plumier, Jean-Christophe ULg; Fassotte, Ludivine et al

in Behavioural Brain Research (2015), 279

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See detailEffect of metal ions and metal nanoparticles encapsulated in porous silica on biphenyl biodegradation by Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1
Wannoussa, Wissal ULg; Hiligsmann, Serge ULg; Tasseroul, Ludivine ULg et al

in Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology (2015)

Biodegradation of biphenyl was carried out by Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1 in presence ofnanometer-sized metallic (Co, Pd, Ag and Cu) nanoparticles (NPS) synthesized by the sol-gel process. In order to ... [more ▼]

Biodegradation of biphenyl was carried out by Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1 in presence ofnanometer-sized metallic (Co, Pd, Ag and Cu) nanoparticles (NPS) synthesized by the sol-gel process. In order to prevent their agglomeration, the metallic NPs (1-2 nm diameter) were anchored inside microporous silica crystallites and named Co/SiO2, Pd/SiO2, Ag/SiO2 and Cu/SiO2 samples respectively. They were added at low concentrations of 10-6 M, 10-5 M and 10-4 M of metal in the culture medium and their impact was compared with that of the simple metal ions added as cobalt, palladium, silver or copper salts. The cultures containing Pd/SiO2 or Co/SiO2 samples at 10-4 M of metal achieved a 50% higher biphenyl degradation yield after 18 days of incubation and improved Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1 growth compared with those without (positive control) or with silica particles only. The highest biodegradation performance, i.e. 107 ±3 ppm/day, which was about 85% higher than in control conditions without NPs, was recorded in 250 ml baffled flasks stirred at 150 rpm with Co/SiO2 sample at 10-4 M Co. Furthermore, the stimulating effect of NPs on biphenyl biodegradation seems to also depend on the thermal treatment conditions applied to NPs since the experimental results indicated that, after calcination, the cobalt oxide NPs at a concentration of 10-4 M were more effective than the reduced cobalt NPs with a degradation yield of 81 ±1% and 77 ±2% respectively after 18 days. On the other hand, the results showed that the addition of 10-4 M of Cu2+ or Ag+ ions or the addition of Cu/SiO2 or Ag/SiO2 samples at 10-4 M of metal have an inhibitory effect on biphenyl biodegradation. However, Cu2+ and Ag+ ions were more toxic to the Rhodococcus erythropolis T902.1 bacteria than the respective Cu or Ag NPS anchored inside silica particles. Moreover, this work showed that in these conditions, the activity of catechol 1, 2-dioxygenase (a critical enzyme in aromatic biodegradation pathway) was severely inhibited, whereas the presence of 10-4 M of Co2+ ions or Co/SiO2 sample stimulated the enzyme activity compared to the conditions without NPs. [less ▲]

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See detailAccounting for evolving pore size distribution in water retention models for compacted clays
Della Vecchia, Gabriele; Dieudonné, Anne-Catherine ULg; Jommi, Cristina et al

in International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics (2015), 39

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See detailExploring the major depletions of conodont diversity during the Triassic
Martínez-Pérez, Carlos; Cascales - Miñana, Borja ULg; Plasencia, Pablo et al

in Historical Biology (2015), 27(5), 503-507

In this paper, we show that the Triassic fossil record reflects just two great depletions of conodont diversity before the Rhaetian, which occurred in the Smithian (Olenekian, Early Triassic) and in the ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we show that the Triassic fossil record reflects just two great depletions of conodont diversity before the Rhaetian, which occurred in the Smithian (Olenekian, Early Triassic) and in the Julian (Carnian, Late Triassic). By exploring this context, our results highlighted that they respond to different origination-extinction dynamics. Thus, while the Smithian diversity depletion can be interpreted as a consequence of elevated extinction, the Julian diversity depletion was triggered by fluctuations in origination regime. This evidence suggests that, despite the role of extinction on diversity losses, conodonts suffered crucial changes on the origination regimes during the Late Triassic which triggered these events. Notwithstanding, our results indicate that the end-Triassic diversity depletion of conodonts was produced by background extinction levels in a context of lower origination. This suggests that several biological factors, rather than a unique, environmental and/or cyclic cause, could have influenced the evolutionary history of conodonts during the Triassic. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis. [less ▲]

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See detailMedical education and training in geriatrics in the 21st centrury. Where do we come from - where do we go ?
Roller, Regina Elisabeth; PETERMANS, Jean ULg

in European Geriatric Medicine (2015)

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See detailEffect of improved feeding and housing, Friesian blood level and parity on milk production of Ankole x Friesian cows
Kibwana, Denise Katungu; Makumyaviri, A.M.; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg

in Pakistan Veterinary Journal (2015), 35(1), 76-80

In North Kivu, D.R. Congo, cattle are raised in extensive systems based on local breeds and crossbreds. This farming method affects the performance of dairy animals and mortgages the level of milk ... [more ▼]

In North Kivu, D.R. Congo, cattle are raised in extensive systems based on local breeds and crossbreds. This farming method affects the performance of dairy animals and mortgages the level of milk consumption in population. An improved farming system, including feed supplementation, Friesian cross-breeding and the sheltering of animals in stalls at night, was studied to evaluate its effect on milk production by Ankole x Friesian crossbreds. The study was performed in Beni, D.R. Congo, on two groups of 15 animals (control group-CoG and improved group-IG), homogeneous according to Friesian blood and parity levels. The improved system, Friesian blood and parity levels increased significantly milk production (P<0.001). Farming system increased milk production by 1.6 l/d (5.2 l/d vs 6.8 l/d respectively in CoG and IG). Milk production ranged from 5.3±0.04 l/d to 6.6±0.02 l/d and from 4.9±0.02 l/d to 7.2±0.02 l/d according, respectively, to Friesian blood level and parity. A significant interaction was observed between farming system and Friesian blood level, and between farming system and parity (P<0.001). The two groups were characterized by a fair adaptation to forage availability associated to climatic factors. The study showed the importance of genetic and environmental factors on the milk production of crossbred dairy cows of the region. [less ▲]

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See detailLe secret des plus grands "géants" en partie percé
Beckers, Albert ULg

in Vaisseaux, Coeur, Poumons (2015), 20(4),

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See detailMesurer la dette wallonne à l’aune du Système européen des comptes
Piron, Damien ULg; Bayenet, Benoît ULg

in Revue Bancaire et Financière = Bank- en Financiewezen (2015), (2), 100-106

Between September 2013 and September 2014, the concept of “gross public debt” – as defined in the European System of national and regional Accounts (ESA) – gradually emerged as the reference methodology ... [more ▼]

Between September 2013 and September 2014, the concept of “gross public debt” – as defined in the European System of national and regional Accounts (ESA) – gradually emerged as the reference methodology to assess Wallonia’s public debt. This paper recounts the successive steps of this transition, as well as their impact on the Walloon Region’s public debt (S.1312). [less ▲]

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See detailLocal modulation of steroid action: rapid control of enzymatic activity.
Charlier, Thierry D.; Cornil, Charlotte ULg; Patte-Mensah, Christine et al

in Frontiers in neuroscience (2015), 9

Estrogens can induce rapid, short-lived physiological and behavioral responses, in addition to their slow, but long-term, effects at the transcriptional level. To be functionally relevant, these effects ... [more ▼]

Estrogens can induce rapid, short-lived physiological and behavioral responses, in addition to their slow, but long-term, effects at the transcriptional level. To be functionally relevant, these effects should be associated with rapid modulations of estrogens concentrations. 17beta-estradiol is synthesized by the enzyme aromatase, using testosterone as a substrate, but can also be degraded into catechol-estrogens via hydroxylation by the same enzyme, leading to an increase or decrease in estrogens concentration, respectively. The first evidence that aromatase activity (AA) can be rapidly modulated came from experiments performed in Japanese quail hypothalamus homogenates. This rapid modulation is triggered by calcium-dependent phosphorylations and was confirmed in other tissues and species. The mechanisms controlling the phosphorylation status, the targeted amino acid residues and the reversibility seem to vary depending of the tissues and is discussed in this review. We currently do not know whether the phosphorylation of the same amino acid affects both aromatase and/or hydroxylase activities or whether these residues are different. These processes provide a new general mechanism by which local estrogen concentration can be rapidly altered in the brain and other tissues. [less ▲]

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See detailA New Approach to the 2-Regularity of the ℓ-Abelian Complexity of 2-Automatic Sequences
Parreau, Aline; Rigo, Michel ULg; Rowland, Eric ULg et al

in The Electronic Journal of Combinatorics (2015), 22(1), 127

We prove that a sequence satisfying a certain symmetry property is 2-regular in the sense of Allouche and Shallit, i.e., the Z-module generated by its 2-kernel is finitely generated. We apply this theorem ... [more ▼]

We prove that a sequence satisfying a certain symmetry property is 2-regular in the sense of Allouche and Shallit, i.e., the Z-module generated by its 2-kernel is finitely generated. We apply this theorem to develop a general approach for studying the l-abelian complexity of 2-automatic sequences. In particular, we prove that the period-doubling word and the Thue--Morse word have 2-abelian complexity sequences that are 2-regular. Along the way, we also prove that the 2-block codings of these two words have 1-abelian complexity sequences that are 2-regular. [less ▲]

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See detailGlioblastoma Circulating Cells: Reality, Trap or Illusion?
LOMBARD, Arnaud ULg; Goffart, Nicolas ULg; Rogister, Bernard ULg

in Stem Cells International (2015)

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See detailQuantitative temperature monitoring of a heat tracing experiment using cross-borehole ERT
Hermans, Thomas ULg; Wildemeersch, Samuel ULg; Jamin, Pierre ULg et al

in Geothermics (2015), 53

The growing demand for renewable energy leads to an increase in the development of geothermal energy projects and heat has become a common tracer in hydrology and hydrogeology. Designing geothermal ... [more ▼]

The growing demand for renewable energy leads to an increase in the development of geothermal energy projects and heat has become a common tracer in hydrology and hydrogeology. Designing geothermal systems requires a multidisciplinary approach including geological and hydrogeological aspects. In this context, electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) can bring relevant, qualitative and quantitative information on the temperature distribution in operating shallow geothermal systems or during heat tracing experiments. We followed a heat tracing experiment in an alluvial aquifer using cross-borehole time-lapse ERT. Heated water was injected in a well while water of the aquifer was extracted at another well. An ERT section was set up across the main flow direction. The results of ERT were transformed into temperature using calibrated petrophysical relationships. These ERT-derived temperatures were then compared to direct temperature measurements in control piezometers collected with distributed temperature sensing (DTS) and groundwater temperature loggers. Spatially, it enabled to map the horizontal and vertical extent of the heated water plume, as well as the zones where maximum temperatures occurred. Quantitatively, the temperatures and breakthrough curves estimated from ERT were in good agreement with the ones observed directly during the rise and maximum of the curve. An overestimation, likely related to 3D effects, was observed for the tail of the heat breakthrough curve. The error made on temperature can be estimated to be between 10 to 20 %, which is a fair value for indirect measurements. From our data, we estimated a quantification threshold for temperature variation of 1.2°C. These results suggest that ERT should be considered when designing heat tracing experiments or geothermal systems. It could help also to assess the geometrical complexity of the concerned reservoirs. It also appears that ERT could be a useful tool to monitor and control geothermal systems once they are in operation. [less ▲]

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See detailOne-year outcomes in 1,010 unselected patients treated with the PROMUS Element everolimus-eluting stent: the multicentre PROMUS Element European Post-Approval Surveillance Study
Thomas, MR; Birkemeyer, R; Schwimmbeck, P et al

in EuroIntervention : Journal of EuroPCR in Collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology (2015), 10

Aims: The PROMUS™ Element™ European Post-Approval Surveillance Study (PE-Prove) is a prospective, open-label, multicentre observational study designed to assess outcomes following PROMUS Element ... [more ▼]

Aims: The PROMUS™ Element™ European Post-Approval Surveillance Study (PE-Prove) is a prospective, open-label, multicentre observational study designed to assess outcomes following PROMUS Element everolimus-eluting stent implantation in an unselected patient population. Methods and results: A total of 1,010 patients were enrolled at 40 clinical sites in Europe, including 24.9% with medically treated diabetes, 50.0% with Type B2/C lesions, 6.1% with chronic total occlusion, 17.8% with acute myocardial infarction (MI ≤24 hours pre-procedure), and 20.1% with unstable angina. The target lesion was the culprit for ST-segment elevation MI in 7.3% of patients. The one-year, per patient target vessel failure rate was 6.2% (60/975), 3.4% (33) being related to the PROMUS Element stent. Rates of cardiac death, MI, and Academic Research Consortium (ARC) definite/probable stent thrombosis were 1.7%, 3.5%, and 0.6%, respectively. The target vessel revascularisation rate was 3.2% (31/975), 2.1% (20) being related to the PROMUS Element stent. Conclusions: In a large and relatively complex group of “real-world” patients, coronary artery revascularisation with the PROMUS Element everolimus-eluting stent provides favourable results with low event rates consistent with those reported for other contemporary drug-eluting stents. [less ▲]

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See detailNew palaeobotanical data from the Lower Devonian of Mezquita de Loscos (Teruel Province, Spain)
Cascales - Miñana, Borja ULg; Rial, Gonzalo; Xue, Jinzhuang et al

in Historical Biology (2015), 27(3-4), 299307

Recent fieldwork has uncovered three new localities from the Lower Devonian of Mezquita de Loscos (Teruel Province, Spain) with further plant mega-fossils and the first record of micro-fossils. Such plant ... [more ▼]

Recent fieldwork has uncovered three new localities from the Lower Devonian of Mezquita de Loscos (Teruel Province, Spain) with further plant mega-fossils and the first record of micro-fossils. Such plant remains have been interpreted as belonging to a basal euphyllophyte, Taeniocrada-like stems, Hostinella genus and paired sporangia. Fourteen spore taxa were recovered, including Ambitisporites, Aneurospora, Brochotriletes, Chelinospora, Emphanisporites, Gneudnaspora and Retusotriletres, among others. New evidence confirms a Lochkovian age for this outcrop and suggests that the plant diversity was more complex than originally documented. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis. [less ▲]

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See detailEnhanced exploratory activity in woodlice exposed to random visuo-tactile patterns
Anselme, Patrick ULg

in Learning & Motivation (2015), 50

In birds and mammals, randomness is known to have excitatory effects on exploratory behavior, but this phenomenon has not extensively been studied in invertebrates. Four experiments examined the ... [more ▼]

In birds and mammals, randomness is known to have excitatory effects on exploratory behavior, but this phenomenon has not extensively been studied in invertebrates. Four experiments examined the propensity of woodlice (Porcellio scaber) to choose between the exploration of an environment composed of random visuo-tactile patterns and the exploration of an environment composed of regular visuo-tactile patterns. Rearing-up behavior and distance traveled were measured to determine (i) woodlice’s reactivity to a forced exposure to random or regular patterns, (ii) the effect of random and regular patterns on exploratory choice, (iii) the effect of random and regular patterns on exploratory choice in preexposed animals, and (iv) the effect of a shelter available in the less explored environment on exploratory choice. The results suggest that random visuo-tactile patterns have an excitatory effect on the exploratory behavior of woodlice and that this effect develops more rapidly if the woodlice were initially preexposed to those patterns. They also suggest that exploration is related to the search for better habitat conditions because the presence of a shelter abolishes that behavior. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation and Comparison of Anatomical Landmark Detection Methods for Cephalometric X-Ray Images: A Grand Challenge
Ching Wei, Wang; Cheng-Ta, Huang; Meng-Che, Hsieh et al

in IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging (2015)

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See detailBMP Signaling Regulates Bone Morphogenesis in Zebrafish through Promoting Osteoblast Function as Assessed by Their Nitric Oxide Production
Windhausen, Thomas ULg; Squifflet, Steeve; Renn, Jörg ULg et al

in Molecules (2015), 20

Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) control many developmental and physiological processes, including skeleton formation and homeostasis. Previous studies in zebrafish revealed the crucial importance of ... [more ▼]

Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) control many developmental and physiological processes, including skeleton formation and homeostasis. Previous studies in zebrafish revealed the crucial importance of proper BMP signaling before 48 h post-fertilization (hpf) for cartilage formation in the skull. Here, we focus on the involvement of the BMP pathway between 48 and 96 hpf in bone formation after 96 hpf. Using BMP inhibitors and the expression of a dominant-negative BMP receptor, we analyze whether the loss of BMP signaling affects osteoblastogenesis, osteoblast function and bone mineralization. To this end, we used the transgenic zebrafish line Tg(osterix:mCherry), detection of nitric oxide (NO) production, and alizarin red staining, respectively. We observed that inhibition of BMP signaling between 48 and 72 hpf led to a reduction of NO production and bone mineralization. Osteoblast maturation and chondrogenesis, on the other hand, seemed unchanged. Osteoblast function and bone formation were less affected when BMP signaling was inhibited between 72 and 96 hpf. These results suggest that for the onset of bone formation, proper BMP signaling between 48 and 72 hpf is crucial to ensure osteoblast function and ossification. Furthermore, detection of NO in developing zebrafish larvae appears as an early indicator of bone calcification activity. [less ▲]

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See detailIntensity of prolactinoma on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging: towards another gender difference.
KREUTZ, Julie ULg; VROONEN, Laurent ULg; Cattin, Françoise et al

in Neuroradiology (2015)

INTRODUCTION: Clinical presentations of prolactinomas are quite different between genders. In comparison with women's prolactinoma, those in men showed predominance of large tumors with high prolactin ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: Clinical presentations of prolactinomas are quite different between genders. In comparison with women's prolactinoma, those in men showed predominance of large tumors with high prolactin (PRL) levels. This preponderance could be attributed to a greater proliferative potential of the tumors. Differences in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal at diagnosis have not been yet clearly evaluated. METHODS: We conduct a retrospective study comparing MRI signal intensity (SI) on T2-weighted images (T2-WI) between 41 men and 41 women to investigate whether or not men prolactinoma present specific features. RESULTS: In addition to the size of the adenoma and PRL levels (P < 0001), prolactinomas in men also exhibit differences from those in women in signal on T2-WI on MRI (P < 0001). Women's prolactinomas are mostly of high SI on T2-WI while men's prolactinomas exhibit a more heterogeneous pattern of SI on T2-WI. Prolactinomas presenting with low SI on T2-WI are almost exclusively encountered in men. CONCLUSIONS: Presence of T2-WI hypointensities in pituitary adenoma can be predictive of a different subtype of prolactinoma almost encountered in men and possibly translate the presence of spherical amyloid deposits, in agreement with the literature. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of high frequency geostationary ocean colour data using DINEOF
Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Vanhellemont, Quinten; Ruddick, Kevin et al

in Estuarine Coastal & Shelf Science (2015), 159

DINEOF (Data Interpolating Empirical Orthogonal Functions), a technique to reconstruct missing data, is applied to turbidity data obtained through the Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (SEVIRI ... [more ▼]

DINEOF (Data Interpolating Empirical Orthogonal Functions), a technique to reconstruct missing data, is applied to turbidity data obtained through the Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (SEVIRI) on board Meteosat Second Generation 2. The aim of this work is to assess if the tidal variability of the southern North Sea in 2008 can be accurately reproduced in the reconstructed dataset. Such high frequency data have not previously been analysed with DINEOF and present new challenges, like a strong tidal signal and long night-time gaps. An outlier detection approach that exploits the high temporal resolution (15 min) of the SEVIRI dataset is developed. After removal of outliers, the turbidity dataset is reconstructed with DINEOF. In situ Smartbuoy data are used to assess the accuracy of the reconstruction. Then, a series of tidal cycles are examined at various positions over the southern North Sea. These examples demonstrate the capability of DINEOF to reproduce tidal variability in the reconstructed dataset, and show the high temporal and spatial variability of turbidity in the southern North Sea. An analysis of the main harmonic constituents (annual cycle, daily cycle, M2 and S2 tidal components) is performed, to assess the contribution of each of these modes to the total variability of turbidity. The variability not explained by the harmonic fit, due to the natural processes and satellite processing errors as noise, is also assessed. [less ▲]

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See detailMaximal bifix decoding
Berthé, Valérie; De Felice, Clelia; Dolce, Francesco et al

in Discrete Mathematics (2015), 338(5), 725742

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See detailIchthyosaurs from the Jurassic of Skye, Scotland
Brusatte, S. L.; Young, M. T.; Challands, T. J. et al

in Scottish Journal of Geology (2015), 51(1), 4355

Fossils of Mesozoic vertebrates are rare in Scotland, particularly specimens of marine reptiles such as plesiosaurs and ichthyosaurs. We describe a suite of ichthyosaur fossils from the Early to Middle ... [more ▼]

Fossils of Mesozoic vertebrates are rare in Scotland, particularly specimens of marine reptiles such as plesiosaurs and ichthyosaurs. We describe a suite of ichthyosaur fossils from the Early to Middle Jurassic of Skye, which to our knowledge are the first ichthyosaurs from Scotland to be described and figured in detail. These fossils span approximately 30 million years, from the Sinemurian to the Bathonian, and indicate that ichthyosaurs were a major component of Scottish marine faunas during this time. The specimens include isolated teeth that could represent the most northerly known occurrences of the widespread Sinemurian species Ichthyosaurus communis, a characteristic component of the famous Lyme Regis faunas of England, suggesting that such faunas were also present in Scotland during the Early Jurassic. An associated humerus and vertebrae from Toarcian–Bajocian-aged deposits are named as a new genus and species of basal neoichthyosaurian, Dearcmhara shawcrossi. The taxonomic affinities of this taxon, which comes from a critical but poorly sampled interval in the fossil record, suggest that non-ophthalmosaurid neoichthyosaurians dominated European assemblages around the Early–Middle Jurassic boundary, and were later replaced by ophthalmosaurids, whose radiation likely took place outside Europe. Many of these specimens were collected by amateurs and donated to museum collections, a co-operative relationship essential to the preservation of Scotland’s fossil heritage. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the necessity and biological significance of threshold-free regulon prediction outputs
Rigali, Sébastien ULg; Nivelle, Renaud; Tocquin, Pierre ULg

in Molecular Biosystems (2015), 11

The in silico prediction of cis-acting elements in a genome is an efficient way to quickly obtain an overview of the biological processes controlled by a trans-acting factor, and connections between ... [more ▼]

The in silico prediction of cis-acting elements in a genome is an efficient way to quickly obtain an overview of the biological processes controlled by a trans-acting factor, and connections between regulatory networks. Several regulon prediction web tools are available, designed to identify DNA motifs predicted to be bound by transcription factors using position weight matrix-based algorithms. In this paper we expose and discuss the conflicting objectives of software creators (bioinformaticians) and software users (biologists), who aim for reliable and exhaustive prediction outputs, respectively. Software makers, concerned with providing tools that minimise the number of false positive hits, often impose a stringent threshold score for a sequence to be included in the list of the putative cis-acting sites. This rigidity eventually results in the identification of strongly reliable but largely straightforward sites, i.e. those associated with genes already anticipated to be targeted by the studied transcription factor. Importantly, this biased identification of strongly bound sequences contrasts with the biological reality where, in many circumstances, a weak DNA-protein interaction is required for the appropriate gene's expression. We show here a series of transcriptionally controlled systems involving weakly bound cis-acting elements that could never have been discovered because of the policy of preventing software users from modifying the screening parameters. Proposing only trustworthy prediction outputs thus prevents biologists from fully utilising their knowledge background and deciding to analyse statistically irrelevant hits that could nonetheless be potentially involved in subtle, unexpected, though essential cis-trans relationships. [less ▲]

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See detail¿Quién mató a Rosario Tijeras? Narco y culpa.
Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg

in Bulletin of Spanish Studies (2015), 92(2), 2-19

The novel Rosario Tijeras (Jorge Franco Ramos, 1999) is interpreted here from the perspective of the literary genre of the whodunnit. More particularly, the analysis investigates who is responsible for ... [more ▼]

The novel Rosario Tijeras (Jorge Franco Ramos, 1999) is interpreted here from the perspective of the literary genre of the whodunnit. More particularly, the analysis investigates who is responsible for the murder of the female assassin. Taking into account the serious psychological instability of the narrator and the violations of the maxims of communicative cooperation, it is argued that he is an unreliable narrator. Such a reading of the novel as a detective story told by an unreliable narrator reveals a number of clues as to who murdered Rosario Tijeras. It also paves the way towards a new interpretation of the novel: this article argues that there is a parallelism between Franco Ramos’ novel and La virgen de los Sicarios (1994) by Fernando Vallejo: in both novels the issues of violence and guilt in societies dominated by drug trafficking are treated in a similar way. [less ▲]

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See detailUnited but (un)equal: human capital, probability of divorce, and the marriage contract
Cremer, Helmuh; Pestieau, Pierre ULg; Roeder, Kerstin

in Journal of Population Economics (2015), 28

This paper studies how the risk of divorce affects the human capital decisions of a young couple. We consider a setting where complete specialization is optimal with no divorce risk. Couples can self ... [more ▼]

This paper studies how the risk of divorce affects the human capital decisions of a young couple. We consider a setting where complete specialization is optimal with no divorce risk. Couples can self-insure through savings which offers some protection to the uneducated spouse, but at the expense of a distortion. Alternatively, for large divorce probabilities, symmetry in education, where both spouses receive an equal amount of education, may be optimal. This eliminates the risk associated with the lack of education, but reduces the efficiency of education choices. We show that the symmetric allocation will become more attractive as the probability of divorce increases, if risk aversion is high and/or labor supply elasticity is low. However, it is only a “second-best” solution as insurance protection is achieved at the expense of an efficiency loss. Finally, we study how the (economic) use of marriage is affected by the possibility of divorce. [less ▲]

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See detailA new ent-clerodane diterpenoid from Crassocephalum bauchiense Huch. (Asteraceae).
Tchinda, Alembert T.; Mouokeu, Simplice R.; Ngono, Rosalie A. N. et al

in Natural product research (2015)

A phytochemical investigation of the whole plant of Crassocephalum bauchiense Huch. resulted in the isolation of a new clerodane diterpenoid, ent-2beta,18,19-trihydroxycleroda-3,13-dien-16,15-olide (1 ... [more ▼]

A phytochemical investigation of the whole plant of Crassocephalum bauchiense Huch. resulted in the isolation of a new clerodane diterpenoid, ent-2beta,18,19-trihydroxycleroda-3,13-dien-16,15-olide (1), together with two known flavonoids 3',5-dihydroxy-4',5',6,7,8-pentamethoxyflavone (2) and 4',5-dihydroxy-3',5',6,7,8-pentamethoxyflavone (3). The compounds were tested against the chloroquine-sensitive 3D7 strain of Plasmodium falciparum. Compound 2 showed weak activity (IC50 = 10.1 g/mL) whilst compounds 1 and 3 were inactive. The structures of the compounds were elucidated by using detailed spectral analyses, especially 1H and 13C NMR, 1H-1H COSY, NOESY, HMBC and HR-ESI-MS. [less ▲]

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See detailCost-effectiveness of vitamin D and calcium supplementation in the treatment of elderly women and men with osteoporosis.
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Ben Sedrine, Wafa; Bruyère, Olivier ULg et al

in European journal of public health (2015), 1-6(1), 20-25

BACKGROUND: The supplementation with vitamin D and calcium has been recommended for elderly, specifically those with increased risk of fractures older than 65 years. This study aims to assess the cost ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The supplementation with vitamin D and calcium has been recommended for elderly, specifically those with increased risk of fractures older than 65 years. This study aims to assess the cost-effectiveness of vitamin D and calcium supplementation in elderly women and men with osteoporosis and therefore to assess if this recommendation is justified in terms of cost-effectiveness. METHODS: A validated model for economic evaluations in osteoporosis was used to estimate the cost per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained of vitamin D/calcium supplementation compared with no treatment. The model was populated with cost and epidemiological data from a Belgian health-care perspective. Analyses were conducted in women and men with a diagnosis of osteoporosis (i.e. bone mineral density T-score </=-2.5). A literature search was conducted to describe the efficacy of vitamin D and calcium in terms of fracture risk reduction. RESULTS: The cost per QALY gained of vitamin D/calcium supplementation was estimated at euro40 578 and euro23 477 in women and men aged 60 years, respectively. These values decreased to euro7912 and euro10 250 at the age of 70 years and vitamin D and calcium supplementation was cost-saving at the age of 80 years, meaning that treatment cost was less than the costs of treating osteoporotic fractures of the no-treatment group. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that vitamin D and calcium supplementation is cost-effective for women and men with osteoporosis aged over 60 years. From an economic perspective, vitamin D and calcium should therefore be administrated in these populations including those also taking other osteoporotic treatments. [less ▲]

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See detailFe–Ti–V–P ore deposits associated with Proterozoic massif-type anorthosites and related rocks
Charlier, Bernard ULg; Namur, Olivier; Bolle, Olivier ULg et al

in Earth-Science Reviews (2015), 141(0), 56-81

Magmatic rocks containing economic concentrations of iron, titanium, vanadium and phosphorous are commonly associated with massif-type anorthosites and related rocks. This rock association is part of the ... [more ▼]

Magmatic rocks containing economic concentrations of iron, titanium, vanadium and phosphorous are commonly associated with massif-type anorthosites and related rocks. This rock association is part of the anorthosite–mangerite–charnockite–(rapakivi-)granite suites that are restricted to the Proterozoic. Understanding the geochemistry and emplacement mechanisms of ilmenite, magnetite and apatite ore deposits is crucial for exploration, efficient mining operations and ore processing. This review discusses the controlling factors on the grade of an ore, its mineralogy, and its major and trace element distribution. We present petrogenetic models of currently mined deposits (Lac Tio, Tellnes, Damiao) and discuss the characteristics of minor ore bodies from anorthosite provinces worldwide (Grenville, North China Craton, East European Craton, Rogaland, Laramie). Models of formation of anorthosite and related rocks are presented, as well as the nature of the possible parental magmas of the suite. A mineralogical classification of Fe–Ti ores is proposed: (1) Gabbro-noritic ilmenite ore ± apatite ± magnetite; (2) Ti-magnetite-dominated ore; (3) Nelsonite (Fe–Ti oxides + apatite); and (4) Rutile-ilmenite ore. The stability of ilmenite and magnetite is then critically reviewed and the influence of various factors, particularly oxygen fugacity and crystallization pressure, is examined. We discuss liquidus compositions of Fe–Ti oxides and the behavior of important trace elements such as Cr and V, both of which are sensitive to fO2 variations. Post-cumulus evolution of both oxides can occur due to re-equilibration with trapped liquid, re-equilibration with ferromagnesian silicates, exsolution, oxidation, reaction between ilmenite and magnetite, and metamorphic overprinting. These various processes are described and their effects on the oxide geochemistry are emphasized. Several potential ore-forming processes have been invoked and can explain the formation of huge concentration of ilmenite, ± magnetite, ± apatite. Fractional crystallization can be combined with crystal sorting and plagioclase buoyancy to produce relative enrichment of dense ore minerals. Silicate liquid immiscibility can segregate conjugate Si-rich and Fe-rich melts, the latter being enriched in Fe–Ti–P. Magma mixing can produce hybrid magmas located in a single-phase field of the phase diagram and precipitate a pure ilmenite cumulate. Alternative processes are also described, such as ejection of Fe–Ti-enriched residual melts by filter-pressing and compaction, solid-state remobilization of ilmenite in veins, and hydrothermal transport of Fe and Ti from the host anorthosite followed by concentration in veins and lenticular ore bodies. The magnetic properties of Fe–Ti ore deposits present contrasting signatures, depending on whether the natural remanent magnetization is dominated by hemo-ilmenite or multi-domain magnetite. Micro- and macro-scale deformation features of ore rocks are intimately correlated with magma emplacement, and with ballooning of the anorthosite diapir associated with gravitational sagging of dense ore bodies. Exploration perspectives show that oxide-apatite gabbronorites are interesting targets because ilmenite in these rocks is poorer in Cr and Mg, and because the Ti-resource may be combined with apatite and vanadiferous magnetite. [less ▲]

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See detailLes difficultés d'apprentissage procédural chez les enfants dysphasiques
Desmottes, Lise ULg; Meulemans, Thierry ULg; Maillart, Christelle ULg

in ANAE : Approche Neuropsychologique des Apprentissages chez l'Enfant (2015)

Through a review of the literature, this paper shows that linguistic and non-linguistic disorders in children with specific language impairment might be linked to difficulties in procedural learning ... [more ▼]

Through a review of the literature, this paper shows that linguistic and non-linguistic disorders in children with specific language impairment might be linked to difficulties in procedural learning, especially regarding sequential abilities. Indeed, children with specific language impairment encounter difficulties to learn visuo-motor and linguistic sequences. These difficulties are not limited to initial learning but extend to the consolidation stage in long-term memory. Finally, recent studies show that it is possible to improve procedural learning abilities, suggesting new avenues for rehabilitation. [less ▲]

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See detailSeasonal changes in the neuroendocrine system: Introduction to the special issue.
Ball, Gregory F.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Frontiers in neuroendocrinology (2015), 37

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See detailIsolation of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii mutants with altered mitochondrial respiration by chlorophyll fluorescence measurement.
Massoz, Simon; Larosa, Véronique ULg; Horrion, Bastien et al

in Journal of biotechnology (2015)

The unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is a model organism for studying energetic metabolism. Most mitochondrial respiratory-deficient mutants characterized to date have been isolated on the ... [more ▼]

The unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is a model organism for studying energetic metabolism. Most mitochondrial respiratory-deficient mutants characterized to date have been isolated on the basis of their reduced ability to grow in heterotrophic conditions. Mitochondrial deficiencies are usually partly compensated by adjustment of photosynthetic activity and more particularly by transition to state 2. In this work, we explored the opportunity to select mutants impaired in respiration and/or altered in dark metabolism by measuring maximum photosynthetic efficiency by chlorophyll fluorescence analyses (FV/FM). Out of about 2900 hygromycin-resistant insertional mutants generated from wild type or from a mutant strain deficient in state transitions (stt7 strain), 22 were found to grow slowly in heterotrophic conditions and 8 of them also showed a lower FV/FM value. Several disrupted coding sequences were identified, including genes coding for three different subunits of respiratory-chain complex I (NUO9, NUOA9, NUOP4) or for isocitrate lyase (ICL1). Overall, the comparison of respiratory mutants obtained in wild-type or stt7 genetic backgrounds indicated that the FV/FM value can be used to isolate mutants severely impaired in dark metabolism. [less ▲]

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See detailBiological control in the microbiome era: Challenges and opportunities
Massart, Sébastien ULg; Martinez-Medina, Margarita; Jijakli, Haissam ULg

in Biological Control (2015), 89

Biocontrol research has long been focused on the study of single strains of biocontrol agents (BCAs) and on their interaction with pathogens and host plants. Further focus on plant-associated microbial ... [more ▼]

Biocontrol research has long been focused on the study of single strains of biocontrol agents (BCAs) and on their interaction with pathogens and host plants. Further focus on plant-associated microbial communities was suggested several years ago, but significant advances only occurred recently. The advent of high-throughput sequencing (or next-generation sequencing – NGS) technologies is now driving a paradigm change that allows researchers to integrate microbial community studies into the traditional biocontrol approach. This integration could answer old scientific questions, and will raise new biocontrol hypotheses. Microbial communities could impact disease control through their interaction with host plants, pathogens, and BCAs. A better understanding of these interactions will provide unexpected opportunities to develop innovative biocontrol methods against plant pathogens. For example, formulation or timing of BCA application can be improved, ‘‘helper’’ microbial strains can be selected, or molecules driving the microbiota to a pathogen-resistant composition (‘‘prebiotic’’ approach) can be developed. The five main challenges of microbiome implementation in biocontrol research are also described, i.e. (i) the management of technical errors and biases, (ii) the growing importance of bioinformatics, (iii) the adaptation of experimental schemes, (iv) the appropriate interplay between NGS and other technologies, and (v) the need to complete current genome databases [less ▲]

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See detailThermoelectric properties of the unfilled skutterudite FeSb3 from first-principles and Seebeck local probes
Lemal, Sébastien ULg; Nguyen, Ngoc; de Boor, Johannes et al

in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2015)

Using a combination of first-principles calculations and experimental transport measurements, we study the electronic and magnetic structure of the unfilled skutterudite FeSb3. We employ the hybrid ... [more ▼]

Using a combination of first-principles calculations and experimental transport measurements, we study the electronic and magnetic structure of the unfilled skutterudite FeSb3. We employ the hybrid functional approach for exchange-correlation. The ground state is determined to be anti-ferromagnetic with an atomic magnetic moment of 1.6 uB/Fe. The Néel temperature Tn is estimated at 6 K, in agreement with experiments which found a paramagnetic state down to 10 K. The ground state is semiconducting, with a small electronic gap of 33 meV, also consistent with previous experiments on films. Charge carrier concentrations are estimated from Hall resistance measurements. The Seebeck coefficient is measured and mapped using a scanning probe at room temperature that yields an average value of 38.6 uV/K, slightly lower than the theoretical result. The theoretical conductivity is analyzed as a function of temperature and concentration of charge carriers. [less ▲]

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See detailBifix codes and interval exchanges
Berthé, Valérie; De Felice, Clelia; Dolce, Francesco et al

in Journal of Pure and Applied Algebra (2015), 219(7), 27812798

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See detailLectures de La Reine Albemarle ou le dernier touriste. Ontologie, autobiographie, politique
Cormann, Grégory ULg

in Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (2015), 11(1),

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See detailExploring the Interest in and the Usage of the Internet Among Patients Eligible for Osteoporosis Screening.
Slomian, Justine ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Gaspard, Ulysse ULg et al

in Calcified tissue international (2015), 96

The aim of this study was to evaluate the interest in the Internet and its usage for health-related issues among people eligible for osteoporosis screening. Self-administered questionnaires have been ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the interest in the Internet and its usage for health-related issues among people eligible for osteoporosis screening. Self-administered questionnaires have been distributed to subjects who were screened for osteoporosis and to menopausal women. 177 patients have responded to the survey (64.5 +/- 10.1 years, 88.1 % of women). There are 78.5 % of Internet users. Among them, 67.2 % said searching information about their health and 74.5 % said using the Internet for this purpose. All respondents attributed an average score, out of 10, of 5.7 +/- 2.3 regarding the reliability of information that they could find on the Internet. The use of the Internet differs significantly depending on age: those who use the Internet are younger (62.1 +/- 8.91 years) than those who do not use it (73.3 +/- 9.42 years). The socioeconomic status also has an impact on the Internet use: Internet users have a higher education, are more professionally active and have a higher net monthly household income compared to the group of non-users. Even if age and socioeconomic status appear to be determining factors in the use of the Internet for the search of health information in patients eligible for osteoporosis screening, almost 75 % of the study population use the Internet for this purpose. Action to promote health through an Internet platform must therefore take these parameters into account. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of the CMIP5 models in the aim of regional modelling of the Antarctic surface mass balance
Agosta, Cécile ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg; Datta, Rajashree

in Cryosphere Discussions (The) (2015), 9(3), 3113--3136

The Antarctic surface mass balance (SMB) cannot be reliably deduced from global climate models (GCMs), both because their spatial resolution is insufficient and because their physics are not adapted for ... [more ▼]

The Antarctic surface mass balance (SMB) cannot be reliably deduced from global climate models (GCMs), both because their spatial resolution is insufficient and because their physics are not adapted for cold and snow-covered regions. By contrast, regional climate models (RCMs) adapted for polar regions can physically and dynamically downscale surface mass balance components over the ice-sheet using large scale forcing at their boundaries. Polar-oriented RCMs require appropriate GCM fields for forcing because the response of the cryosphere to a warming climate is dependent on its initial state and is not linear with respect to temperature increase. In this context, we evaluate current climate in 41 climate models from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) dataset over Antarctica by focusing on forcing fields which may have the greatest impact on SMB components simulated by RCMs. Our inter-comparison includes 5 reanalyses, among which ERA-Interim reanalysis is chosen as a reference over 1979–2014. Model efficiency is assessed taking into account the multi-decadal variability of the fields over the 1850–1980 period. We show that less than 10 CMIP5 models show reasonable biases compared to ERA-Interim, among which ACCESS1-3 seems to be the most pertinent choice for regional climate modeling over Antarctica, followed by CMCC-CM, MIROC-ESM/MIROC-ESM-CHEM and NorESM1-M. Finally, climate change over the Southern Ocean is much more dependent on the initial state of winter sea-ice extent and on the local feedback between air temperature increase and winter sea-ice extent decrease than on the global warming signal. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantity and spatial distribution of seeds dispersed by a western lowland gorilla population in south-east Cameroon
Petre, Charles-Albert ULg; Tagg, Nikki; Beudels-Jamar et al

in Journal of Tropical Ecology (2015)

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See detailLipopeptides as main ingredients for inhibition of fungal phytopathogens by Bacillus subtilis/amyloliquefaciens
Cawoy, H.; Debois, Delphine ULg; Franzil, Laurent ULg et al

in Microbial Biotechnology (2015), 8(2), 281-295

Summary: Some isolates of the Bacillus subtilis/amyloliquefaciens species are known for their plant protective activity against fungal phytopathogens. It is notably due to their genetic potential to form ... [more ▼]

Summary: Some isolates of the Bacillus subtilis/amyloliquefaciens species are known for their plant protective activity against fungal phytopathogens. It is notably due to their genetic potential to form an impressive array of antibiotics including non-ribosomal lipopeptides (LPs). In the work presented here, we wanted to gain further insights into the relative role of these LPs in the global antifungal activity of B.subtilis/amyloliquefaciens. To that end, a comparative study was conducted involving multiple strains that were tested against four different phytopathogens. We combined various approaches to further exemplify that secretion of those LPs is a crucial trait in direct pathogen ward off and this can actually be generalized to all members of these species. Our data illustrate that for each LP family, the fungitoxic activity varies in function of the target species and that the production of iturins and fengycins is modulated by the presence of pathogens. Our data on the relative involvement of these LPs in the biocontrol activity and modulation of their production are discussed in the context of natural conditions in the rhizosphere. © 2014 The Authors. Microbial Biotechnology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Society for Applied Microbiology. [less ▲]

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See detailThe position of Strontium ranelate in today's management of osteoporosis
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Brandi, M.L; Cannata-Andia, J. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2015), 26

Osteoporosis accounts for about 3 % of total European health-care spending. The low proportion of costs for the pharmacological prevention of osteoporotic fracture means that it is highly cost saving ... [more ▼]

Osteoporosis accounts for about 3 % of total European health-care spending. The low proportion of costs for the pharmacological prevention of osteoporotic fracture means that it is highly cost saving, especially in patient with severe osteoporosis or patients who cannot take certain osteoporosis medications due to issues of contraindications or tolerability. Following recent regulatory changes, strontium ranelate is now indicated in patients with severe osteoporosis for whom treatment with other osteoporosis treatments is not possible, and without contraindications including uncontrolled hypertension, established, current or past history of ischaemic heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, and/or cerebrovascular disease. We review here today’s evidence for the safety and efficacy of strontium ranelate. The efficacy of strontium ranelate in patients complying with the new prescribing information (i.e. severe osteoporosis without contraindications) has been explored in a multivariate analysis of clinical trial data, which concluded that the antifracture efficacy of strontiumranelate is maintained in patients with severe osteoporosis without contraindications and also demonstrated how the new target population mitigates risk. Strontium ranelate is therefore an important alternative in today’s management of osteoporosis, with a positive benefit-risk balance, provided that the revised indication and contraindications are followed and cardiovascular risk is monitored. The bone community should be reassured that there remain viable alternatives in patients in whom treatment with other agents is not possible and protection against the debilitating effects of fracture is still feasible in patients with severe osteoporosis. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferences in dung beetle activity at western gorilla defecation sites in south-east Cameroon: implications for establishment of Uapaca spp. seedlings
Petre, Charles-Albert ULg; Zinque, Marie-Hélène; Tagg, Nikki et al

in Journal of Tropical Ecology (2015)

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See detailThe year in cardiology 2014: valvular heart disease.
Pierard, Luc ULg; Vahanian, Alec

in European heart journal (2015)

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See detailActivity of the alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency registry in Belgium.
Hutsebaut, Jacques; Janssens, Wim; Louis, Renaud ULg et al

in COPD (2015), 12 Suppl 1

A Belgian alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency registry has been established in 2003. Currently 55 patients are included. At the same time, a working group has been set up for publishing national ... [more ▼]

A Belgian alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency registry has been established in 2003. Currently 55 patients are included. At the same time, a working group has been set up for publishing national guidelines. In 2014, several Belgian patients founded Alpha-1 Global. We hope that the integrated activities of all the stakeholders involved in AAT deficiency will permit a high quality care for all patients suffering from this disabling disease. [less ▲]

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See detailThe retirement of the migrant labor force: pension portability and beyond
Jousten, Alain ULg

in CESifo Economic Studies (2015), 61(2), 416-437

The specificities of the workforce with a migrant background are often neglected in studies of retirement. Similarly, many studies of migration’s impact on pensions often focus on aggregate outcomes – ... [more ▼]

The specificities of the workforce with a migrant background are often neglected in studies of retirement. Similarly, many studies of migration’s impact on pensions often focus on aggregate outcomes – system sustainability or distributive characteristics. The present paper provides a fresh look at the nexus between these two literatures. It discusses the impact of the European social security coordination mechanisms on individual decision-making and on the functioning of social security systems – with a focus on retirement. The paper argues that such effects are non-negligible and are likely to have major policy consequences. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effect of intraoperative 6% balanced hydroxyethyl starch (130/0.4) during cardiac surgery on transfusion requirements.
HANS, Grégory ULg; Ledoux, Didiier; Roediger, Laurence et al

in Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia (2015), 29(2), 328-32

OBJECTIVES: To compare transfusion requirements in adult cardiac surgery patients when balanced hydroxyethyl starches (HES) (130/0.4) or balanced crystalloids is used for pump prime and intraoperative ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To compare transfusion requirements in adult cardiac surgery patients when balanced hydroxyethyl starches (HES) (130/0.4) or balanced crystalloids is used for pump prime and intraoperative fluid therapy. DESIGN: Data were obtained retrospectively from medical records and perfusion charts. Matching based on propensity scores was used to adjust for potential confounders. SETTING: A university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. INTERVENTIONS: Allocation to one of the study groups according to whether balanced HES or balanced crystalloids was used for pump prime and intraoperative fluid therapy. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: 240 propensity-matched patients were retained for final analyses. Forty-eight patients (40%) of the colloid group and 28 patients (23.3%) of the crystalloid group received blood products, with an odd ratio (95% CI) of 2.1(1.2-3.8 (P=0.009). After bypass HES patients had lower hemoglobin levels (8.4 [1.3] gr/dL vs 9.6 [2] gr/dL; P<0.001) and a higher cumulative chest drain output after 3 hours (180 [210] mL vs 140 [100] mL, P<0.001]. Heparinase thromboelastogram (TEG(R)) showed longer K times (2.5[1.1] vs 1.6[0.8], P<0.001) and lower maximal amplitudes (55.1[12.5] vs 63.4[9.8], P=0.008). CONCLUSIONS: HES patients required more transfusions, owing to greater hemodilution, HES-induced clotting disturbances, and bleeding. [less ▲]

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See detailIsoform 165 of vascular endothelial growth factor in collagen matrix improves ovine cryopreserved ovarian tissue revascularisation after xenotransplantation in mice.
Henry, Laurie ULg; LABIED, Soraya ULg; Fransolet, Maïté ULg et al

in Reproductive biology and endocrinology (2015), 13(1), 15

BACKGROUND: Aggressive anti-cancer treatments can result in ovarian failure. Ovarian cryopreservation has been developed to preserve the fertility of young women, but early graft revascularisation still ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Aggressive anti-cancer treatments can result in ovarian failure. Ovarian cryopreservation has been developed to preserve the fertility of young women, but early graft revascularisation still requires improvement. METHODS: Frozen/thawed sheep ovarian cortical biopsies were embedded in collagen matrix with or without isoform 165 of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF165) and transplanted into ovaries of immunodeficient mice. Ovaries were chosen as transplantation sites to more closely resemble clinical conditions in which orthotopic transplantation has previously allowed several spontaneous pregnancies. RESULTS: We found that VEGF165 significantly increased the number of Dextran-FITC positive functional vessels 3 days after grafting. Dextran- fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) positive vessels were detectable in 53% and 29% of the mice in the VEGF-treated and control groups, respectively. Among these positive fragments, 50% in the treated group displayed mature smooth-muscle-actin-alpha (alpha-SMA) positive functional vessels compared with 0% in the control group. CD31 positive murine blood vessels were observed in 40% of the VEGF165 transplants compared with 21% of the controls. After 3 weeks, the density of murine vessels was significantly higher in the VEGF165 group. CONCLUSION: The encapsulation of ovarian tissue in collagen matrix in the presence of VEGF165 before grafting has a positive effect on functional blood vessel recruitment. It can be considered as a useful technique to be improved and further developed before human clinical applications in female cancer patients in the context of fertility preservation. [less ▲]

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See detailRelation between global end-diastolic volume and left ventricular end-diastolic volume
Pironet, Antoine ULg; MORIMONT, Philippe ULg; Kamoi, S. et al

in Critical Care (2015), 19(Suppl 1), 175

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See detailDeficiency in mouse hyaluronidase 2: a new mechanism of chronic thrombotic microangiopathy.
Onclinx, Cecile; Dogne, Sophie; Jadin, Laurence et al

in Haematologica (2015)

Hyaluronan is a major component of the extracellular matrix and glycocalyx. Its main somatic degrading enzymes are the hyaluronidases 1 and 2, none of which is active in the bloodstream. We generated ... [more ▼]

Hyaluronan is a major component of the extracellular matrix and glycocalyx. Its main somatic degrading enzymes are the hyaluronidases 1 and 2, none of which is active in the bloodstream. We generated hyaluronidase 2 deficient mice. They suffer from mild chronic anemia and thrombocytopenia, in parallel with a 10-fold increase in plasma hyaluronan concentration. The current study explores the mechanism of these hematological anomalies. The decreased erythrocyte and platelet counts were assigned to peripheral consumption. The erythrocyte half-life was reduced from 25 to 8 days without signs of premature aging. Hyaluronidase 2 deficient platelets were functional. Major intrinsic defects in erythrocyte membrane or stability, as well as detrimental effects of high hyaluronan levels on erythrocytes, were ruled out in vitro. Normal erythrocytes transfused into hyaluronidase 2 deficient mice were quickly destroyed but neither splenectomy nor anti-C5 administration prevented from chronic hemolysis. Schistocytes were present in hyaluronidase 2 deficient smears at a level of 1 to 6%, while virtually absent in control mice. Hyaluronidase 2 deficient mice had increased markers of endothelial damage and microvascular fibrin deposition, without renal failure, accumulation of ultra-large multimers of von Willebrand factor, deficiency of A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinase with ThromboSpondin type 1 motifs, member 13 (ADAMTS13), or hypertension. There was no sign of structural damage in hepatic or splenic sinusoids, or in any other microvessels. We conclude that hyaluronidase 2 deficiency induces chronic thrombotic microangiopathy with hemolytic anemia in mice. The link between this uncommon condition and hyaluronidase 2 remains to be explored in man. [less ▲]

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See detailA new species of Groenlandaspis Heintz, 1932 (Placodermi, Arthrodira) from the Famennian (Late Devonian) of Belgium
Olive, Sébastien ULg; Prestianni, Cyrille; Dupret, Vincent

in Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (2015), 35(4), 935389-1935389-11

A new species of the phlyctaeniid arthrodire genus Groenlandaspis from the upper Famennian of Belgium is described. The remains of Groenlandaspis potyi sp. nov. consist of dissociated thoracic armor ... [more ▼]

A new species of the phlyctaeniid arthrodire genus Groenlandaspis from the upper Famennian of Belgium is described. The remains of Groenlandaspis potyi sp. nov. consist of dissociated thoracic armor elements, but the specimen designed to be the holotype displays the median dorsal, anterior and posterior dorsolateral plates in connection. Though incomplete, the new species is characterized by an equilateral triangle-shaped median dorsal plate, a protruding posterodorsal apron of the posterior dorsolateral plate behind the overlap area for the median dorsal plate, and an overall lack of ornamentation. Groenlandaspis potyi sp. nov. constitutes the second occurrence of a Groenlandaspis species in continental Europe after the description of Groenlandaspis thorezi from upper Famennian quarries of Belgium. Another probable new species of Groenlandaspis is also described, though of unknown locality and horizon; it can however be deduced from the upper Famennian of Belgium without more precision. Together with some unpublished material of groenlandaspidids from the Famennian tetrapod-bearing locality of Strud, this material highlights the richness of the Groenlandaspididae diversity in Belgium. The discovery of Groenlandaspis potyi sp. nov. in Belgium reinforces the Famennian global distribution of this widespread genus during this period. Also, since those organisms have possibly been considered as non-marine indicators, this material is another argument pleading for close relationships between Euramerica and Gondwana around the Frasnian-Famennian boundary. [less ▲]

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See detailINTERMÈDE. COUP DE THÉÂTRE ET CHANGEMENT DE RÔLES
Dawans, Stéphane ULg

in CLARA Architecture/Recherche (2015), 3

Architecture is often perceived as "not pure". Too much or not enough, It resists in many rankings. But this fundamental indeterminacy can be seen as an obstacle to the rationality or becoming itself a ... [more ▼]

Architecture is often perceived as "not pure". Too much or not enough, It resists in many rankings. But this fundamental indeterminacy can be seen as an obstacle to the rationality or becoming itself a real subject of research. We believe that architecture can help other disciplines' researchers to interrupte their "dogmatic slumber." [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of Moxidectin Treatment at Peripartum on Gastrointestinal Parasite Infections in Ewes Raised under Tropical Andes High Altitude Conditions
Vargas-Duarte, JJ; Lozano-Márquez, H; Grajales-Lombana, HA et al

in Veterinary Medicine International (2015)

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See detailDes chiffres de la politique à la politique du chiffre Le cas des réformes du financement de la recherche dans les universités belge francophones.
Fallon, Catherine ULg

in Reflets et Perspectives de la Vie Economique (2015)

“Governing by numbers” is a trend on the increase in public action. Numbers tend to pervade the politico-administrative space without questioning neither the quantification processes which produce them ... [more ▼]

“Governing by numbers” is a trend on the increase in public action. Numbers tend to pervade the politico-administrative space without questioning neither the quantification processes which produce them nor the conditions of their utilization in government. And yet the use of numbers and data in political arguments contribute to transform the terms of the debate: politics can transform data and indicators, but one should not neglect how numbers affect policymaking. This article proposes as case study the analysis of some recent transformations of public research funding mechanism in universities in French speaking Belgium. It questions the systemic effects of the use of performance indicators in public management in this sector and it proposes some starting points for a discussion of their impact on the quality of the political debate. [less ▲]

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See detailElevated heart rate at 24-36h after admission and in-hospital mortality in acute in non-arrhythmic heart failure.
Lancellotti, Patrizio ULg; ANCION, Arnaud ULg; Magne, Julien et al

in International journal of cardiology (2015), 182C

BACKGROUND: Elevated resting heart rate is associated with worse outcomes in chronic heart failure (HF) but little is known about its prognostic impact in acute setting. The main aim of the present study ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Elevated resting heart rate is associated with worse outcomes in chronic heart failure (HF) but little is known about its prognostic impact in acute setting. The main aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between resting heart rate obtained 24-36h after admission for acute non-arrhythmic HF and in-hospital mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the association of heart rate with in-hospital mortality in a cohort of 712 patients admitted for acute HF. None of the patients had significant arrhythmias, required invasive ventilation, or presented with acute coronary syndrome or primary valvular disease. Forty patients (5.6%) died during the hospital stay. Those patients were significantly older (78+/-9 vs. 72+/-12years; p=0.0021), had higher heart rate (92+/-22 vs. 78+/-18bpm; p<0.0001), NT pro-BNP (p=0.0005), creatinine (p=0.023), were often diabetics (p=0.026) and had lower systolic and diastolic blood pressures (p<0.05). There was a significant graded relationship between the increase in mortality rate and tertile of heart rate (p<0.01). With multivariable analysis, age (p=0.037), heart rate (p<0.0001), diastolic blood pressure (p<0.001), prior ischemic heart disease (p=0.02) and creatinine (p=0.019) emerged as independent predictors of in-hospital mortality. After adjusting for predictors of poor prognosis, patients in the highest heart rate tertile had worst outcomes when compared with those in the lowest heart rate group (p=0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Higher heart rate 24-36h after admission for acute non-arrhythmic HF is associated with increased risk of in-hospital mortality. Early targeting of elevated heart rate might represent a complementary therapeutic challenge. [less ▲]

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See detailNoncollinear magnetism in post-perovskites from first-principles: Comparison between CaRhO3 and NaNiF3
Garcia Castro, Andrés Camilo ULg; Romero, Aldo; Bousquet, Eric ULg

in Physica Status Solidi B. Basic Research (2015), 252(4), 689

Based on first-principles calculations, we study the noncollinear magnetism in the post-perovskites (pPv) phase of NaNiFinline image and CaRhOinline image crystals. We find that the magnetic canting is ... [more ▼]

Based on first-principles calculations, we study the noncollinear magnetism in the post-perovskites (pPv) phase of NaNiFinline image and CaRhOinline image crystals. We find that the magnetic canting is one of the most promising properties of pPv systems, which is allowed by symmetry in all the pPv crystals inline image with a magnetically active B-site. In the pPv phase of NaNiFinline image, which has a inline image antiferromagnetic ground state with a inline image ferromagnetic canting, we obtain a magnetic canting amplitude of about 0.1 inline imageatominline image, which is much larger than in the one obtained in CaRhOinline image (canting amplitude of 0.04 inline image). We also computed the exchange constants (inline image), the single-ion anisotropy (SIA) parameters and the anti-symmetric magnetic coupling described by the Dzyaloshinsky–Moriya (DM) interaction in order to scrutinize the origin of the magnetic canting. We find that the canting in NaNiFinline image is mainly due to the DM interaction, while in CaRhOinline image, both DM and SIA contribute to the magnetic canting. Our calculations thus confirm the noncollinear magnetic ground-state solution experimentally observed in both compounds and the calculated magnetic exchange interactions also confirm the quasi-2D magnetic behavior reported in pPv. [less ▲]

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See detailComplete analytical procedure to assess the response of a frame submitted to a column loss
Huvelle, Clara; Hoang, Van Long ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg et al

in Engineering Structures (2015), 86

The present paper gives a global overview on recent developments performed at the University of Liege on structural robustness of buildings for the specific scenario ‘‘loss of a column’’. In particular, a ... [more ▼]

The present paper gives a global overview on recent developments performed at the University of Liege on structural robustness of buildings for the specific scenario ‘‘loss of a column’’. In particular, a complete analytical method to assess the response of a 2D frame losing statically one of its columns is presented in details. This method is based on the development of alternative load paths in the damaged structure and takes into account the couplings between the different parts of the structure which are differently affected by the column loss. Also, the validation of the developed method through comparison to experimental and numerical evidences is presented. [less ▲]

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See detailAgent-based modelling of the spatial pattern of leisure visitation in forests: A case study in Wallonia, south Belgium
Li, Sen; Colson, Vincent; Lejeune, Philippe ULg et al

in Environmental Modelling & Software (2015), 71

The leisure use of forests is a fast growing sector in European tourism. The difficulties in monitoring real usage pattern have hindered communications in tourism, conservation and public health in ... [more ▼]

The leisure use of forests is a fast growing sector in European tourism. The difficulties in monitoring real usage pattern have hindered communications in tourism, conservation and public health in forested areas. In this study, we present an agent-based model to approximate forest visit patterns at the regional level, based on the visitor, residential and forest attributes. The model was then adapted locally for Wallonia, south Belgium, to predict the daily distribution of forest visits and visitor flows. The results suggest high visit rates in urban forests. In highly attractive forests that are distant from major cities, the visit rates may greatly respond to the visitor-level and environmental changes. Future empirical investigations are encouraged to build a cross-contextual understanding on visitors' decision-making mechanisms and to identify how these mechanisms may be influenced by environmental factors operating at different spatio-temporal levels. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of observer effect in botanical surveys of grasslands
Couvreur, Jean-Marc; Fievet, Vincent; Smits, Quentin et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2015)

Description of the subject. A field study has been conducted on 24 grasslands with five different botanical experts in order to assess inter-observer bias when making botanical surveys as well as the ... [more ▼]

Description of the subject. A field study has been conducted on 24 grasslands with five different botanical experts in order to assess inter-observer bias when making botanical surveys as well as the possible consequences in terms of descripting a semi-natural habitat. Objectives. Fieldwork has been conducted to understand the most important factors of variability affecting botanical surveys conducted by several observers. These results were used to suggest practical solutions to enhance the quality of such surveys. Method. Five observers performed a complete botanical survey of 24 grassland plots in the Famenne (Wallonia, Belgium) in June 2009. All surveys were statistically analyzed in order to detect and quantify the sources of variability between observers. The main parameters compared are the habitat diagnosis made on the field by the experts, the rate of detection of the characteristic species as well as their coverage in each plot. Results. Regarding habitat identification, the biggest differences between observers are seen in plots where the composition is intermediate between a habitat in good and in bad status. Overall, there was a slight tendency to undervalue the quality of the habitat. The analysis revealed that the primary cause of variability between observers is the fact that the experts did not always strictly follow the criteria for habitat identification. As regards the comparison between observers, several sources of variability were identified. The main ones are the variability of the estimated coverage of some plants, the variability of the detection rate of characteristic species, as well as the variability of the prospecting effort that can be sub-optimal in each plot. Conclusions. Some of the sources of variability that have been pointed out can be resolved easily, other have to be taken in consideration when comparing the results of surveys in the future. The solutions proposed to reduce the variability between observers are to encourage better self-control of the parameters to be taken into account at each step of the work, the organization of targeted training courses and more standardized prospecting efforts. Keywords. Grassland, detection rate, cover rate, observer effect, bias, prospection, monitoring, habitat, identification. [less ▲]

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See detailFamilial Isolated pituitary adenomas (FIPA) and mutations in the aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein (AIP) gene
Daly, Adrian ULg; Beckers, Albert ULg

in Endocrinology & Metabolism Clinics of North America (2015), 44

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See detailDEVELOPING A TECHNIQUE FOR ULTRASOUND-GUIDED INJECTION OF THE ADULT CANINE HIP.
Bergamino, Chiara; Etienne, Anne-Laure ULg; Busoni, Valeria ULg

in Veterinary radiology & ultrasound : the official journal of the American College of Veterinary Radiology and the International Veterinary Radiology Association (2015)

An accurate method for guiding injections into the canine hip would facilitate diagnostic localization of lameness and targeted treatments. Ultrasound-guided hip injections are commonly used in humans and ... [more ▼]

An accurate method for guiding injections into the canine hip would facilitate diagnostic localization of lameness and targeted treatments. Ultrasound-guided hip injections are commonly used in humans and large animals. Aims of this prospective study were to describe ultrasound (US) anatomy of the adult canine hip and determine the feasibility and accuracy of intra-articular placement of injectate using US-guidance. Seven adult dogs were used to describe US anatomy, five dog cadavers were used to assess the feasibility of the injection technique and 11 dog cadavers were used to assess accuracy of injections. For the accuracy test, 22 joints were injected with iodinated contrast medium by three operators with different experience. With dogs in lateral recumbency, the hyperechoic femoral head surface was identified by following the femoral neck from the greater trochanter or the acetabular rim was localized by following caudally the ilium from the iliac wing. An anechoic gap between the femoral head and acetabular surface represented the joint. The capsule was visible as a triangular echoic structure and the femoral head articular cartilage appeared as an anechoic band. The needle was inserted axial to the greater trochanter and directed in a dorsolateral-ventromedial direction toward the joint space and then pushed through the capsule. Based on postinjection radiography, accuracy was 81.8% at first attempt and 100% at second attempt. This study indicated that US-guided injection is a feasible and accurate technique for injecting the adult canine hip. Future studies in live dogs are needed to assess safety and efficacy. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of random eigenvalue analysis to assess bridge flutter probability
Canor, Thomas; Caracoglia, Luca; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics (2015), 140(0), 79--86

Abstract This study examines the well-known issue of evaluating the flutter probability for a long-span bridge, necessary for assessing structural integrity and reliability. The motivation stems from the ... [more ▼]

Abstract This study examines the well-known issue of evaluating the flutter probability for a long-span bridge, necessary for assessing structural integrity and reliability. The motivation stems from the need for critically reviewing and investigating a number of existing numerical approaches (e.g., random perturbation analysis, collocation methods, Galerkin approach) for the modeling and the solution of stochastic dynamic problems, by adapting them to the specific problem. The study proposes a generalized formulation for stochastic bridge flutter in terms of random eigenvalue analysis. A 1200 m suspension bridge model is used in the numerical simulations to compare the various methods and to provide indications on advantages and limitations of each method. Moreover, the link between the proposed formulation and existing studies on the propagation of uncertainty in aeroelastic systems, for example associated with measurement errors in wind tunnel, is examined. [less ▲]

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See detailStellar laboratories. V. The Xe VI ultraviolet spectrum and the xenon abundance in the hot DO-type white dwarf RE 0503-289
Rauch, T; Hoyer, D; Quinet, Pascal ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2015), 577(A88),

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See detailGenetically modified crops : towards agricultural growth, agricultural development or agricultural sustainability ?
Azadi, Hossein ULg; Ghanian, Mansour; Ghoochani, Omid M. et al

in Food Reviews International (2015)

This paper presents the main potentials and challenges of the GM crops in approaching agricultural growth, development, and sustainability. Accordingly, the paper will first discuss briefly the ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the main potentials and challenges of the GM crops in approaching agricultural growth, development, and sustainability. Accordingly, the paper will first discuss briefly the differences between agricultural growth, development, and sustainability. Then, the main potentials and challenges of these crops in approaching agricultural growth, development, and sustainability will be discussed. Finally, a conclusion will be drawn to let policy makers understand, based on which circumstances, GM crops may lead to sustainable agriculture. [less ▲]

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See detailCopper fine-structure K-shell electron impact ionization cross sections for fast-electron diagnostic in laser-solid experiments
Palmeri, P; Quinet, Pascal ULg; Batani, D

in Atomic Data & Nuclear Data Tables (2015), 102

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See detailA note on the equivalence between observed and expected information functions with polytomous IRT models
Magis, David ULg

in Journal of Educational & Behavioral Statistics (2015), 40

The purpose of this note is to study the equivalence of observed and expected (Fisher) information functions with polytomous item response theory (IRT) models. It is established that observed and expected ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this note is to study the equivalence of observed and expected (Fisher) information functions with polytomous item response theory (IRT) models. It is established that observed and expected information functions are equivalent for the class of divide-by-total models (including partial credit, generalized partial credit, rating scale and nominal response models), but not for the class of difference models (including the graded response and modified graded response models). Yet, observed information function remains positive in both classes. Straightforward connections with dichotomous IRT models and further implications are outlined. [less ▲]

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See detailRoasted Sunflower Kernel Paste (Tahini) Stability: Storage Conditions and Particle Size Influence
Muresan, Vlad; Danthine, Sabine ULg; Bolboaca, Sorana D. et al

in Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society (2015)

Sunflower tahini faces quality problems due to the tendency of oil to exudate, causing accelerated rancidity and low marketability. In this study, the colloidal and oxidative stability of different ... [more ▼]

Sunflower tahini faces quality problems due to the tendency of oil to exudate, causing accelerated rancidity and low marketability. In this study, the colloidal and oxidative stability of different trimodal particle size distributions of sunflower tahini (cumulative volume percentages of small, middle and large class populations of 9.61–16.67, 43.03–55.03 and 47.36–28.3) was evaluated during storage at three different temperatures. Decreasing sample particle size decreased the sunflower tahini colloidal stability. The coarsest prototype, being the most stable tahini in terms of oil separation, was included in the oxidative stability storage test together with a commercial tahini. The peroxide values of the studied sunflower tahini samples increased significantly (p < 0.05) with storage time, irrespective of storage temperature, while the p-anisidine values showed an irregular pattern. Considering 30-meq O2/kg as a PV limit, the commercial tahini showed good oxidative stability as it was under this when stored 3 months at 4 °C, 2 months at room temperature and 1 month a 40 °C. The coarsest tahini sample was under the limit when stored 2 months at 4 °C, 1 month at room temperature and 2 weeks at 40 °C. Particle size was shown to be an essential parameter for controlling sunflower tahini’s overall stability. [less ▲]

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See detailGenome-Wide Analysis of In Vivo Binding of the Master Regulator DasR in Streptomyces coelicolor Identifies Novel Non-Canonical Targets
Świątek-Połatyńska, MA; Bucca, G; Laing, E et al

in PLoS ONE (2015)

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See detailFonctionnement exécutif et attentionnel consécutif à des lésions cérébrales acquises : une analyse de cas multiples
Hogge, Michael; Salmon, Eric ULg; Collette, Fabienne ULg

in Revue de Neuropsychologie, Neurosciences Cognitives et Cliniques (2015), 7(2), 71-99

Le fonctionnement exécutif a été conceptualisé comme un ensemble de processus cognitifs de haut niveau pouvant être clairement distingués, et dont le substrat cérébral se situerait au sein des régions ... [more ▼]

Le fonctionnement exécutif a été conceptualisé comme un ensemble de processus cognitifs de haut niveau pouvant être clairement distingués, et dont le substrat cérébral se situerait au sein des régions frontales. Un certain nombre de données obtenues notamment chez des patients présentant des lésions cérébrales acquises sont toutefois venues remettre en question cette conceptualisation. Dans ce contexte, nous avons administré une large batterie d’épreuves exécutives et attentionnelles à un petit groupe de patients cérébro-lésés (N=9) afin de déterminer, au moyen d’analyses de cas multiples, l’influence de la localisation et de l’étendue des lésions, ainsi que l’influence de difficultés attentionnelles, sur la survenue d’un syndrome dysexécutif. Les analyses de profils individuels semblent indiquer qu’un mauvais transfert d’information entre régions cérébrales antérieures et postérieures serait responsable de la survenue de troubles exécutifs, et que, dans certains cas, ce soient des difficultés attentionnelles qui déterminent ces déficits. Toutefois, il se pourrait également que l’atteinte de certaines régions clés (relativement focalisées) sous-tendant des processus cognitifs impliqués dans un large éventail de tâches exécutives soit responsable de la survenue d’un dysfonctionnement exécutif massif. [less ▲]

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See detailDiurnal and Seasonal Variation in the Behaviour of Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Bahía San Antonio, Patagonia, Argentina
Vermeulen, Els; Holsbeek, Ludo; Das, Krishna ULg

in Aquatic Mammals (2015)

Diurnal and seasonal patterns in the behaviour of a small population of bottlenose dolphins were assessed in Bahía San Antonio (BSA), Patagonia, Argentina, between 2006 and 2011. Results indicated that ... [more ▼]

Diurnal and seasonal patterns in the behaviour of a small population of bottlenose dolphins were assessed in Bahía San Antonio (BSA), Patagonia, Argentina, between 2006 and 2011. Results indicated that dolphins used the study area mainly to rest, travel, and forage, with a marked diurnal and seasonal pattern in their activity. During the early morning, most dolphin groups were resting, while towards the afternoon and evening, surface feeding and social activities peaked. During winter, social activities and surface feeding increased notably; during summer, diving behaviour reached its peak, presumably associated with a tail-out/peduncle-dive foraging strategy. The observed seasonal variation in foraging strategies is hypothesised to be related to the seasonal behavioural changes of prey species in the area that are linked to spawning. The variation in group size further appears to reflect the regulation of feeding competition while reconfirming the low predation risk within the study area. Results of this study indicate the behavioural and social flexibility of bottlenose dolphins in BSA and suggest a link to the seasonal variations in prey availability. Considering the general bottlenose dolphin population declines in Argentina presumably related to prey depletion, it could be argued that the temporal occurrence of spawning shoals and a general low presence of other top predators directly and indirectly make this a favourable area for this population. Additional information is required to more comprehensively address this hypothesis. The information presented herein serves as vital baseline data for future conservation management protocols. [less ▲]

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See detailNuclear Cardiology Core Syllabus of the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI).
Gimelli, Alessia; Neglia, Danilo; Schindler, Thomas H. et al

in European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging (2015)

The European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) Core Syllabus for Nuclear Cardiology is now available online. The syllabus lists key elements of knowledge in nuclear cardiology. It represents a ... [more ▼]

The European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) Core Syllabus for Nuclear Cardiology is now available online. The syllabus lists key elements of knowledge in nuclear cardiology. It represents a framework for the development of training curricula and provides expected knowledge-based learning outcomes to the nuclear cardiology trainees. [less ▲]

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See detailRuthenium catalysts bearing a benzimidazolylidene ligand for the metathetical ring-closure of tetrasubstituted cycloolefins
Borguet, Yannick; Zaragoza, Guillermo; Demonceau, Albert ULg et al

in Dalton Transactions (2015), 44

Deprotonation of 1,3-di(2-tolyl)benzimidazolium tetrafluoroborate with a strong base afforded 1,3-di(2-tolyl)benzimidazol-2-ylidene (BTol), which dimerized progressively into the corresponding ... [more ▼]

Deprotonation of 1,3-di(2-tolyl)benzimidazolium tetrafluoroborate with a strong base afforded 1,3-di(2-tolyl)benzimidazol-2-ylidene (BTol), which dimerized progressively into the corresponding dibenzotetraazafulvalene. The complexes [RhCl(COD)(BTol)] (COD is 1,5-cyclooctadiene) and cis-[RhCl(CO)2(BTol)] were synthesized to probe the steric and electronic parameters of BTol. Comparison of the percentage of buried volume (%VBur) and of the Tolman electronic parameter (TEP) of BTol with those determined previously for 1,3-dimesitylbenzimidazol-2-ylidene (BMes) revealed that the two N-heterocyclic carbenes displayed similar electron donicities, yet the 2-tolyl substituents took a slightly greater share of the rhodium coordination sphere than the mesityl groups, due to a more pronounced tilt. The anti,anti conformation adopted by BTol in the molecular structure of [RhCl(COD)(BTol)] ensured nonetheless a remarkably unhindered access to the metal center, as evidenced by steric maps. Second-generation ruthenium-benzylidene and isopropoxybenzylidene complexes featuring the BTol ligand were obtained via phosphine exchange from the first generation Grubbs and Hoveyda-Grubbs catalysts, respectively. The atropisomerism of the 2-tolyl substituents within [RuCl2([double bond, length as m-dash]CHPh)(PCy3)(BTol)] was investigated by using variable temperature NMR spectroscopy, and the molecular structures of all four possible rotamers of [RuCl2([double bond, length as m-dash]CH-o-OiPrC6H4)(BTol)] were determined by X-ray crystallography. Both complexes were highly active at promoting the ring-closing metathesis (RCM) of model [small alpha],[small omega]-dienes. The replacement of BMes with BTol was particularly beneficial to achieve the ring-closure of tetrasubstituted cycloalkenes. More specifically, the stable isopropoxybenzylidene chelate enabled an almost quantitative RCM of two challenging substrates, viz., diethyl 2,2-bis(2-methylallyl)malonate and N,N-bis(2-methylallyl)tosylamide, within a few hours at 60 °C. [less ▲]

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See detailImage analysis of X-ray tomograms of sludge during convective drying in a pilot-scale fixed bed
Li, Jie ULg; Plougonven, Erwan ULg; Fraikin, Laurent ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering Science (2015), 134

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See detailNot on my network! App exclusion and the net neutrality debate
Broos, Sébastien ULg; Gautier, Axel ULg

in LCII Policy Brief (2015), (2015/1),

The net neutrality debate is at its peak. On January 27, the Dutch Authority for Competition and Markets (DACM) fined KPN and Vodafone for the first violation of the Dutch net neutrality law ever.i On ... [more ▼]

The net neutrality debate is at its peak. On January 27, the Dutch Authority for Competition and Markets (DACM) fined KPN and Vodafone for the first violation of the Dutch net neutrality law ever.i On February 26, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approved new regulations for broadband internet, preserving the net neutrality.ii In brief, the net neutrality proponents seem to be winning the debate. In a recent economic paper, Sébastien Broos and Axel Gautier analyze whether this toughened stance of regulatory authorities is the best way forward. [less ▲]

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See detailRadiative lifetimes and transition probabilities in Rh I
Malcheva, G; Engström, L; Lundberg, H et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2015), 450

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See detailA linear accelerator for levitated micro-objects
Sari, Ibrahim; Kraft, Michael ULg

in Sensors and Actuators. A, Physical (2015)

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