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See detailScalable temperature induced stress for the large-scale production of functionalized Bifidobacteria
Nguyen, Huu Thanh ULg; Razafindralambo, Hary; Richel, Aurore ULg et al

in Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology (in press)

The application of sub-lethal stresses is known to be an efficient strategy to enhance survival of probiotic bacteria during drying processes. In this context, we previously showed that the application of ... [more ▼]

The application of sub-lethal stresses is known to be an efficient strategy to enhance survival of probiotic bacteria during drying processes. In this context, we previously showed that the application of heat stress upon the entry into stationary phase increased significantly the viability of Bifidobacterium bifidum. However, this heat shock has been considered only in small scale bioreactor and no information is available for a possible scaling-up strategy. Five different operating scales (0.2 L, 2 L, 20 L, 200 L and 2000 L) have thus been tested and the results showed that the viability of B. bifidum increases from 3.15 to 6.57 folds, depending on the scale considered. Our observations pointed out the fact that the heat stress procedure is scalable according to the main outcome, i.e. increases in cell viability, but other factors have to be taken into account. Among these factors, dissolved carbon dioxide seems to play a significant role since it explain the differences observed between the test performed at lab-scale and in industrial conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailNécrologie d'Emmanuel Closset
George, Philippe ULg

in Bulletin de l'Institut Archéologique Liégeois (in press)

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See detailAtomic data and spectral model for Fe II
Bautista, M A; Fivet, V; Ballance, C et al

in Astrophysical Journal (in press)

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See detailNeeds-Supplies Fit and Behavioral Outcomes: The Mediating Role of Organizational Identification
Travaglianti, Fabrice ULg; Babic, Audrey ULg; Pepermans, Roland et al

in Journal of Management & Organization (in press)

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See detailPhenology of farmed seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii infestation by the parasitic epiphyte Polysiphonia sp. in Madagascar
Tsiresy, Gaëtan; Preux, Jérémy; Lavitra, Thierry et al

in Journal of Applied Phycology (in press)

epiphytic filamentous algae (EFA) disease has appeared in many regions of Madagascar. This infestation has dramatic consequences for local farmers as it alters drastically farmed algal growth and has ... [more ▼]

epiphytic filamentous algae (EFA) disease has appeared in many regions of Madagascar. This infestation has dramatic consequences for local farmers as it alters drastically farmed algal growth and has caused farming activity to collapse in many places. The present study characterizes the structure and ultrastructure of the stages observed in the life cycle of Polysiphonia sp. and gives the results of a monitoring of 18 months made in three Kappaphycus alvarezii farming sites in the southwest of Madagascar. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to analyze the ultrastructure of the cortex in infested K. alvarezii. Five stages have been observed in the life cycle of Polysiphonia sp.: the infesting stage that is a small dark spot observed at the surface of K. alvarezii, the male gametophyte, the female gametophyte, the tetrasporocysts, and the undifferentiated stage where individuals show normal thalli without sexual differentiation. EFA infestation was never recorded in Sarodrano, but often in the two other monitored villages (Lambohara, Tampolove). Prevalence of infestation varied from 40 to 100 % and the rates of infestation from 42 to 78 epiphytes cm−2. Prevalence of infestation showed significant seasonal variation and a between-sites variation; the rates of infestation were not significantly different between sites and did not vary with the period. The ways of infestation between K. alvarezii individuals in an infested field and from infested to healthy fields are discussed at the light of the present results. [less ▲]

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See detailIgnorance et maîtrise de la bête. Lefort critique de l'éducation "humaniste".
Mancuso, Eva ULg

in MethIS : Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (in press)

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See detailBone disease after kidney transplantation
BOUQUEGNEAU, Antoine ULg; Salam, Syrazah; DELANAYE, Pierre ULg et al

in Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (in press)

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See detailComputation of Source for Non-Meshed Coils in a Reduced Domain with A–V Formulation
Ferrouillat, Pauline; Guérin, Christophe; Meunier, Gérard et al

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (in press), 52

The discretized source magnetic vector potential Aj, projected from source field Hs with H(curl,Ω) semi-norm, is studied for non-meshed coils with magnetic vector potential A and electric scalar potential ... [more ▼]

The discretized source magnetic vector potential Aj, projected from source field Hs with H(curl,Ω) semi-norm, is studied for non-meshed coils with magnetic vector potential A and electric scalar potential V formulation. As a novelty, source potential Aj is computed in a reduced domain Ωred instead of the complete domain Ω. For domains with fixed and moving parts, potential Aj can be computed on each part, for each of the related current sources, with no need to ensure its continuity between these parts. [less ▲]

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See detailStructure and floristic composition of Kibira rainforest, Burundi
Hakizimana, Dismas; Huynen, Marie-Claude ULg; Hambuckers, Alain ULg

in Tropical Ecology (in press), 59(1),

This paper gives the results of the first census of trees in the 32.15 ha plot in order to provide tree species richness in Kibira rainforest (Burundi). All trees ≥ 10 cm dbh were permanently tagged and ... [more ▼]

This paper gives the results of the first census of trees in the 32.15 ha plot in order to provide tree species richness in Kibira rainforest (Burundi). All trees ≥ 10 cm dbh were permanently tagged and their girth measured. The forest structure pattern analysed were diameter at breast height (dbh), basal area, relative dominance, and relative density, Importance Value Index (IVI) and Family Importance Value (FIV). In total, 6504 trees representing 70 species, 67 genera and 37 families were recorded. Tree density was 202 stems/ha, with a basal area of 21.05m²/ha. Seventeen families were represented by a single species each, eleven families were represented by two species each, five families were represented by three species each, and four families were represented by four species each. The most important families in relation to FIV were Euphorbiaceae, Myrtaceae and Araliaceae. Macaranga kilimandscharica, Syzygium guineense and Polyscias fulva were the most important species in relation to IVI. Two tree species were found to be endemic to the Albertine Rift and one species probably endemic to the Albertine Rift. The Shannon-Weiner index (H') and eveness index (J') were respectively 3.18 and 0.75. This study provides a baseline for the management of Kibira National Park. As local communities still depend on forest resources, conservation awareness-raising and education actions have to focus in nearby villages, and growing some fast-growing native trees in the vicinity of the settlement, would be helpful for local communities, this would reduce their dependence on forest resources. [less ▲]

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See detailTransnational Ageing and the ‘Zero Generation’: The Role of Moroccan Migrants’ Parents in Care Circulation
Zickgraf, Caroline ULg

in Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies (in press)

This article emphasizes the impacts of international migration on ageing processes and norms within transnational families, and, specifically, analyses the roles of the zero generation, defined as the ... [more ▼]

This article emphasizes the impacts of international migration on ageing processes and norms within transnational families, and, specifically, analyses the roles of the zero generation, defined as the parents of first-generation migrants (Nedelcu 2009), both as non-migrant counterparts to their children abroad and as ageing migrants themselves. Transnational caregiving research has demonstrated that for many migrants and their families care arrangements must be negotiated across national borders, yet the agency of transnational older adults has been largely neglected. Based on qualitative fieldwork conducted from 2011 to 2013 in Liège, Belgium and Oujda, Morocco, the present article examines the circulation of care between Moroccan adult migrants and their ageing ascendants. This article exposes the duality of migrants’ ascendants as care givers and recipients, asserting firstly, that receiving care is not synonymous with passivity, and that, secondly, migrants’ ascendants are also the initiators of transnational practices. In both roles, this article underlines mobility as a strategy used by migrants’ parents to maintain family solidarity across national borders, but that this care mobility is limited by macro-level migration policies, here exemplified by the Belgian migration regime. [less ▲]

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See detailRectal cancer treatment in a teaching hospital
Verdin, Vanessa; Weerts, Joseph; Francart, David et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (in press)

Background: Rectal adenocarcinomas surgery morbidity and mortality might be impaired by neoadjuvant therapy. We performed this retropsective study to be compared with the PROCARE study running afterwards ... [more ▼]

Background: Rectal adenocarcinomas surgery morbidity and mortality might be impaired by neoadjuvant therapy. We performed this retropsective study to be compared with the PROCARE study running afterwards. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of 95 patients operated on for rectal denocarcinoma in a single institution during the period 2007-2009. We used logistic regression to estimate the relationship between possible predictive parameters of AL. Results: The laparoscopic approach is favored in 63.1% of the cases with a conversion rate of 11.6%, mainly in man (6 out of 7). For low rectal cancer though, laparotomy was the first choice (92.3%). From a carcinological point of view, laparoscopy allowed a complete tumor resection according to the PME (n=27) and TME (n=26) standards. Multivariate analysis revealed that women, lower BMI, lower rectum tumor, laparoscopic surgery, neoadjuvant treatment and anal suture were associated with higher risk of AL. The mean hospital stay was 15.4 days (3 – 46 days). In-hospital mortality was 3.1%. Adjuvant chemotherapy was completed in 42.1% of the patients. Despite these treatments, we registered a recurrence rate of 26.6%. Of these, 72% were distally localized and 12% exclusively locally. Among the patients operated on by laparoscopy, there was one local recurrence and one local with distant metastases (3.7%). The one- and three-years survival rates were 91.5% and 80.4% respectively. Conclusions: Our study showed a higher rate of AL than expected (18%). In our series recorded in PROCARE-Home, our leak rate has dropped to 10%. It may be indicating a positive effect of PROCARE. [less ▲]

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See detailNégocier une majorité politique et devenir bourgmestre en Belgique. Quelles influences des droits régionaux ?
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULg

in Revue Régionale de Droit (in press)

Depuis 2001, les Régions sont compétentes en matière d’organisation et d’élection des pouvoirs locaux. Elles ont adopté des règles différentes. Dans quelle mesure ces règles influencent-elles la ... [more ▼]

Depuis 2001, les Régions sont compétentes en matière d’organisation et d’élection des pouvoirs locaux. Elles ont adopté des règles différentes. Dans quelle mesure ces règles influencent-elles la négociation d’une majorité politique et la désignation des bourgmestres en Belgique ? Afin de répondre à cette question, des entretiens semi-directifs ont été réalisés avec plusieurs bourgmestres et échevin issus de communes localisées dans les trois Régions. Des différences entre Régions mais également au sein de celles-ci ont été relevées. Les dispositions relatives au mode de désignation du bourgmestre sont primordiales pour comprendre les dynamiques de négociations politiques. Au final, cet article tisse les liens entre les normes juridiques et les jeux des acteurs politiques. [less ▲]

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See detailObserver la médiation culturelle en psychiatrie : vers une cadre analyse des dispositifs
Vandeninden, Elise ULg

in Culture et Musées (in press), 26

C’est au travers l’approche ethnographique d’un atelier d’art-thérapie que nous proposons d’analyser un cas de public atypique : celui des patients des institutions psychiatriques, en nous inspirant de la ... [more ▼]

C’est au travers l’approche ethnographique d’un atelier d’art-thérapie que nous proposons d’analyser un cas de public atypique : celui des patients des institutions psychiatriques, en nous inspirant de la cadre-analyse goffmanienne afin de rendre compte des phénomènes de co-construction inhérents à l’expérience vécue. Par le choix de cet objet d’étude et de cette méthode d’approche, il s’agira de décrire une action de médiation culturelle qui se déplace en dehors des lieux cultivés pour atteindre des publics dits empêchés ou éloignés. La particularité de cet article se veut d’ordre méthodologique : nous entendons montrer comment l’observation ethnographique permet de mettre en relief le point de vue des bénéficiaires d’un dispositif trop souvent réduit aux intentions de ses concepteurs. [less ▲]

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See detailThe impact of architectural representations on conveying design intent.
Cunin, Maxime; Yang, Maria C.; Elsen, Catherine ULg

in AI EDAM: Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design Analysis and Manufacturing (in press)

Architects express themselves graphically in order to communicate ideas both to clients and to themselves. In practice, they rely on a variety of representations such as free-hand drawings, 3D computer ... [more ▼]

Architects express themselves graphically in order to communicate ideas both to clients and to themselves. In practice, they rely on a variety of representations such as free-hand drawings, 3D computer rendered images, and photomontages to convey their design intent. Research to date has demonstrated differences and commonalities in the ways in which expert designers and laymen perceive visual understanding. It is still unclear how architects themselves use different types of representations to express different intentions, and how accurately their expected audience perceives those intentions. The purpose of this research is to investigate how laymen interpret the initial design intent of an architect’s design, and what role different forms of representations play in this process of understanding a design. This paper describes a five-step process for developing a survey that was used to gather data from 686 laymen respondents. It was found that certain types of simpler representations presented in specific contexts are unexpectedly found to be a more efficient way to faithfully transmit an architectural intent. [less ▲]

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See detailEpiphytic bryozoans on Neptune grass – a sample-based data set
Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Heughebaert, André; Michel, Loïc ULg

in ZooKeys (in press)

Background The seagrass Posidonia oceanica L. Delile, commonly known as Neptune grass, is an endemic species of the Mediterranean Sea. It hosts a distinctive and diverse epiphytic community, dominated by ... [more ▼]

Background The seagrass Posidonia oceanica L. Delile, commonly known as Neptune grass, is an endemic species of the Mediterranean Sea. It hosts a distinctive and diverse epiphytic community, dominated by various macroalgal and animal organisms. Mediterranean bryozoans have been extensively studied but quantitative data assessing temporal and spatial variability have rarely been documented. In Lepoint et al. (2014a, b) occurrence and abundance data of epiphytic bryozoan communities on leaves of P. oceanica inhabiting the Revellata Bay (Corsica, Mediterranean Sea) were reported and trophic ecology of Electra posidoniae Gautier assessed. New information Here, we provide metadata information on data set discussed in Lepoint et al. 2014a and published on the GBIF portal as a sampling-event data set: http://ipt.biodiversity.be/resource?r=ulg_bryozoa&v=1.0). The data set, compared to Lepoint et al. 2014a, is enriched by data concerning species settled on Posidonia scales (dead petiole of Posidonia leaves, remaining after limb abscission). [less ▲]

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See detailMicrobiological zoonotic emerging risks, transmitted between livestock animals and humans (2007-2015)
Filippitzi, ME; Goumperis, T; Robinson, T et al

in Transboundary and emerging diseases (in press)

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See detailAnalgesic Efficacy and Safety of Curcuminoids in Clinical Practice: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Sahebkar, A; Henrotin, Yves ULg

in Pain Medicine : The Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine (in press)

Background. Curcuminoids are natural products with potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. There have been a number of reports on the analgesic effects of curcuminoids in clinical trials, yet ... [more ▼]

Background. Curcuminoids are natural products with potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. There have been a number of reports on the analgesic effects of curcuminoids in clinical trials, yet data have not been fully conclusive. Objectives. To provide the highest level of evidence on the efficacy of curcuminoids in patients with painful conditions through meta-analysis of data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Methods. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted using data reported by RCTs. The primary efficacy measure was pain intensity or algofunctional status. Treatment effect was summarized with standardized mean difference (SMD) calculated from differences in means of pain measures between treatment and control groups using a random-effects model. Results. A total of eight RCTs met our inclusion criteria that included 606 randomized patients. Curcuminoids were found to significantly reduce pain (SMD: −0.57, 95% CI: −1.11 to −0.03, P = 0.04). This pain-relieving effect was found to be independent of administered dose and duration of treatment with curcuminoids, and was free from publication bias. Curcuminoids were safe and well tolerated in all evaluated RCTs. Conclusion. Curcuminoids supplements may be a safe and effective strategy to improve pain severity, by warranting further rigorously conducted studies to define the long-term efficacy and safety. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Childhood Executive Function Inventory (CHEXI): Confirmatory Factor Analyses and Cross-Cultural Clinical Validity in a Sample of 8- to 11-Year-Old Children
Catale, Corinne ULg; Meulemans, Thierry ULg; Thorell, Lisa B.

in Journal of Attention Disorders (in press)

The Childhood Executive Functioning Inventory (CHEXI) is a new rating instrument for executive functioning developed by Thorell and Nyberg (2008). Through exploratory factor analyses, this inventory has ... [more ▼]

The Childhood Executive Functioning Inventory (CHEXI) is a new rating instrument for executive functioning developed by Thorell and Nyberg (2008). Through exploratory factor analyses, this inventory has been shown to tap into working memory and inhibition-related behaviors in young children. In this study, we present the psychometric characteristics of the French adaptation of the CHEXI in 8- to 11-year-old children. In addition, we explore the cross-cultural validity of the CHEXI in discriminating between children with ADHD and normally developing children in two culturally different samples (Belgian and Swedish). Confirmatory factor analyses replicated the two-factor solution, referred to as inhibition and working memory, that was identified in the original study with Swedish children. Supplementary analyses indicated that both subscales have good psychometric properties. From a clinical point of view, the CHEXI was found to discriminate, with high sensitivity and specificity, between children with ADHD and normally developing controls in both cultural samples. Cross-cultural clinical implications are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailProgressive Current Source Models in Magnetic Vector Potential Finite Element Formulations
Dular, Patrick ULg; Kuo-Peng, Patrick; Ferreira da Luz, Mauricio V. et al

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (in press), 52

Progressive refinements of the current sources in magnetic vector potential finite-element (FE) formulations are done with a subproblem method. The sources are first considered through magnetomotive force ... [more ▼]

Progressive refinements of the current sources in magnetic vector potential finite-element (FE) formulations are done with a subproblem method. The sources are first considered through magnetomotive force or Biot–Savart models up to their volume FE models, from statics to dynamics. A novel way to define the source fields is proposed to lighten the computational efforts, through the conversion of the common volume sources to surface sources, without the need for any preresolution. Accuracy improvements can then be obtained for local currents and fields, and global quantities, i.e., inductances, resistances, Joule losses, and forces. [less ▲]

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See detailLa première interprétation heideggérienne de la Monadologie
Pieron, Julien ULg

in Philosophie (in press)

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See detailContraintes Socio-économiques de Répartition des Terres et Impacts sur la Conservation des Sols dans les Hauts Plateaux de l’Ouest du Cameroun
Djoukeng, Henri Grisseur ULg; Dogot, Thomas ULg; Tankou, Christopher Mubeteneh et al

in Tropicultura (in press)

This article combines the social survey data on access to land and those of the adoption of tied ridging as soil conservation technique to help better understand the management of erosion and runoff by ... [more ▼]

This article combines the social survey data on access to land and those of the adoption of tied ridging as soil conservation technique to help better understand the management of erosion and runoff by farmers in the Western Highlands of Cameroon, specifically in the hills of Fongo-Tongo villages’ group. The study focused on 230 plots owned by 157 respondents on 158 people inventoried. Five main modes of access to land were listed as: inheritance, purchase, temporary transfers, donations and rental. The owners and operators of the hills of gentle slopes (between11% and 17%) and steepest slopes (between 22% and 29%) were inventoried. Two main social ranks were identified: the dignitaries (Chiefs, Notables, Elites and heirs) and other (non-heirs son and women). The study showed that the agronomic abilities of plots as recognized by farmers are a key factor in the implementation of soil conservation techniques. The peasant approach of soil fertility has been scientifically proven by the physicochemical analysis of soil samples taken under plant species used locally as indicator of soil fertility (Pennisetum spp on fertile soils and Imperata cylindrica and Melinis minutiflora on poor soils). The study showed that access to land, adoption of tied ridging and slope exploitation were significantly influenced by the socio-economic status of farmers (p <0.05). [less ▲]

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See detailWhere do hybrids come from? Entrepreneurial team heterogeneity as an avenue for the emergence of hybrid organizations
Dufays, Frédéric ULg; Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in International Small Business Journal (in press)

This conceptual paper aims to respond to the poorly addressed question of the emergence of hybrid organizations – i.e. organizations that embrace several institutional logics. It does so by developing a ... [more ▼]

This conceptual paper aims to respond to the poorly addressed question of the emergence of hybrid organizations – i.e. organizations that embrace several institutional logics. It does so by developing a model and a set of propositions focusing on the heterogeneity of the entrepreneurial team as a possible driver for hybridity throughout the entrepreneurial process and up to the emergence of a hybrid organization. As contributions to the literatures on (collective) entrepreneurship, imprinting and hybrid organizations, we advance several avenues and conditions under which the heterogeneity of the entrepreneurial team may imprint the entrepreneurial process and lead to the creation of hybrid organizations. Our propositions connect the individual, team and organizational levels and thus advance our understanding of how institutional logics can be combined across different levels of analysis and throughout the stages of an entrepreneurial process. [less ▲]

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See detailSalicylic acid differently impacts ethylene and polyamine synthesis in the glycophyte Solanum lycopersicum and the wild-related halophyte Solanum chilense exposed to mild salt stres
Gharbi, Emna; Martinez, Juan Pablo; Benahmed, Hela et al

in Physiologia Plantarum (in press)

This study aimed to determine the effects of exogenous application of salicylic acid on the toxic effects of salt in relation to ethylene and polyamine synthesis, and to correlate these traits with the ... [more ▼]

This study aimed to determine the effects of exogenous application of salicylic acid on the toxic effects of salt in relation to ethylene and polyamine synthesis, and to correlate these traits with the expression of genes involved in ethylene and polyamine metabolism in two tomato species differing in their sensitivity to salt stress, Solanum lycopersicum cv Ailsa Craig and its wild salt-resistant relative Solanum chilense. [less ▲]

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See detailDe l’usage de la photographie dans une enquête ethno-sociologique sur la mémoire de l’exil et de l’immigration espagnols en Belgique
Molina Marmol, Maïté ULg

in RELAIS Revue du laboratoire d'études et de recherches sur l'interculturel (in press)

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See detailLe populisme aux Etats-Unis
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (in press)

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See detailMirror-drawing skill in children with Specific Language Impairment: Improving generalization by incorporating variability in the practice session
Desmottes, Lise ULg; Maillart, Christelle ULg; Meulemans, Thierry ULg

in Child Neuropsychology : A Journal on Normal & Abnormal Development in Childhood & Adolescence (in press)

This study aimed to investigate the procedural deficit hypothesis (PDH) in children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) by using a mirror-drawing task, a sensorimotor adaptation paradigm that does not ... [more ▼]

This study aimed to investigate the procedural deficit hypothesis (PDH) in children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) by using a mirror-drawing task, a sensorimotor adaptation paradigm that does not involve sequence learning and has never before been used in SLI. Thirty school-aged children with SLI matched to 30 control children had to trace several figures seen only in mirror-reversed view in two learning sessions separated by a one-week delay. Two practice conditions were compared: a constant condition in which children had to trace the same figure throughout the learning trials, and a variable one in which they had to trace different figures in each trial. Results revealed a similar learning pattern between SLI and TD children in both practice conditions, suggesting that initial learning for a nonsequential procedural task is preserved in SLI. However, children with SLI generalized the mirror-drawing skill in the same way as control children only if there was variability in the way the material was trained (variable practice). No significant schedule effects were observed in the control group. [less ▲]

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See detailParadoxon ! Perception de la puissance divine et du pouvoir royal dans l’Alexandrie des Ptolémées.
Caneva, Stefano ULg

in Mythos. Rivista di Storia delle Religioni (in press), 8

The paper first distinguishes ritual action for sovereigns, which integrates the honoured rulers at a practical level within the religious life of a community, from other, more discrete configurations of ... [more ▼]

The paper first distinguishes ritual action for sovereigns, which integrates the honoured rulers at a practical level within the religious life of a community, from other, more discrete configurations of the relation between royal and divine power. Among these trends, focus is on the rhetorical and spectacular dimension of wonder. The strategies of wonder-making are first studied in theory through paradoxography, then the categories of grandeur, exoticism and technical excellence are identified in action in Alexandrian religious life and festivals. Master of an empire with universal claims and collector of everything that is beautiful, rare and precious in the world, the king distances himself from his subjects in order to make his superior status explicit. Distance is, however, only the premise for the king to manifest himself to the great public through epiphanies that can be compared with those of divine power. The paper also discusses the way the conformism of court elites not only satisfied their own need to claim for distinguished social status, but also helped royal message spread and caused loyalty to it. [less ▲]

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See detailPer una edizione integrale e analitica dell'incipit della Storia d'Italia di Francesco Guicciardini
Moreno, Paola ULg

in Laboratoire Italien : Politique et Société (in press)

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See detailThe persea tree from Alexander to Late Antiquity: A contribution to the cultural and social history of Greco-Roman Egypt
Caneva, Stefano ULg

in Ancient Society (in press), 45

Although a great number of studies has already been devoted to the topic of sacred trees in Greco-Roman Egypt, this paper aims at offering a new contribution to this debate by shifting the focus of ... [more ▼]

Although a great number of studies has already been devoted to the topic of sacred trees in Greco-Roman Egypt, this paper aims at offering a new contribution to this debate by shifting the focus of research from the hitherto dominant interest in ancient and modern botanical classifications to the study of the socio-cultural contexts (and their diachronic changes) in which sacred trees were used in Hellenistic and Roman Egypt. The analysis focuses on the case study of the tree called περσ(ε)ία / persea in Greek and Latin sources. After drawing attention to the non-complete overlap between the denomination adopted by Greek and Latin authors for this Egyptian sacred plant and its “emic” Hieroglyphic / Demotic correspondents, ἰšd and šw3b, the focus will be on patterns of continuity, innovation and re-contextualization of Egyptian religious traditions in Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt and on the social actors and contexts that were involved in the use and protection of sacred plants. When approached from this perspective, the evidence on persea provides a fruitful dossier to investigate some aspects of the dialectic between continuity and transformation in cultural traditions, with particular regard to cases where traditions were adapted beyond cultural and ethnic limits. Moreover, the persea dossier enables us to discuss ancient contexts in which, for religious reasons, nature was seen as worth of being protected and preserved against the risk of extinction. This will allow us to raise some preliminary questions concerning the limits of applicability of modern environmental thinking to ancient cultures, in contexts in which the preservation of vegetal species was seen as an important value for the identity of a community, thus requiring individual and institutional commitment. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the equality between two diametral dimensions
Bastin, Françoise ULg; Demeulenaere, Loïc ULg

in Functiones et Approximatio (in press)

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See detailSuitability of soils and river deposits from Marrakech for the manufacturing of earthenware
El Boudour El Idrissi, Hicham ULg; Daoudi, Lahcen; El Ouahabi, Meriam ULg et al

in Applied Clay Science (in press)

This paper investigates the suitability of clayey materials originating from semi-arid soil and river sediments, used by potters in the Agafay region for the manufacture of ceramic products. The clay ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates the suitability of clayey materials originating from semi-arid soil and river sediments, used by potters in the Agafay region for the manufacture of ceramic products. The clay samples were subjected to particle-size analysis, X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence to investigate their physical, mineralogical and chemical characteristics respectively. The physical behaviour of the intermediate products was studied at the shaping and drying stages of the ceramics manufacturing process through the Atterberg limits and the plot of the Bigot curve respectively. The final product characteristics were determined through porosity tests, flexural and compressive strengths tests. Based on results obtained, the raw materials turn out to be suitable characteristics for the manufacture of earthenware products. The application of the suggested recommendations is worthy for the improvement of the products based on such raw materials. [less ▲]

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See detailLe point sur l’évaluation de la force des muscles respiratoires
Kellens, Isabelle ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (in press)

The strength of respiratory muscles is crucial for quality of life, especially for patients with lung or neurological disorders. Several methods can be used to assess them: i.e direct or indirect ... [more ▼]

The strength of respiratory muscles is crucial for quality of life, especially for patients with lung or neurological disorders. Several methods can be used to assess them: i.e direct or indirect, voluntary or involuntary. The conventional spirometry method assesses indirectly the respiratory function by measuring maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressure, which reflects the coordination of all respiratory muscles. Techniques of magnetic and electrical stimulation can detect a specific muscle dysfunction, independently of the patient's motivation, however they are invasive methods as measurements are made in the esophagus and stomach. The voluntary techniques are generally non-invasive and require patient's cooperation. Measures of respiratory muscle strength, coupled to a conventional spirometry, can predict the development of ventilatory support in patients at risk, and may be useful during weaning from mechanical ventilation in intensive care units. [less ▲]

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See detailLes voyages du goût, entre localité et exotisme.
Mescoli, Elsa ULg

in Anthropology of Food (in press)

« Savourer la nourriture et respirer la culture marocaine deviennent une expérience et une émotion unique, à découvrir et à vivre grâce à la combinaison d’arômes, goûts, couleurs, formes et musiques ». Au ... [more ▼]

« Savourer la nourriture et respirer la culture marocaine deviennent une expérience et une émotion unique, à découvrir et à vivre grâce à la combinaison d’arômes, goûts, couleurs, formes et musiques ». Au travers de ce slogan, un renommé restaurant d’inspiration marocaine de la ville de Milan en Italie, invitait ses clients à voyager au travers de leur sensorialité dans une culture alimentaire (et par synecdoque, une culture tout court) autre. Le goût les aurait amenés à expérimenter un exotisme, qui était néanmoins contrôlé, car certaines conditions imposées par les normes locales faisaient en sorte que le déplacement vécu ne fût pas excessivement déstabilisant. Le résultat de ces négociations consistait d’un menu qui accostait les gastronomies marocaine et italienne (ou les procédures de l’une et de l’autre) dans certains plats décrits comme « fusion », qui satisfaisaient (ou non) les exigences des clients. Dans cet article, je vise à mettre en évidence les mécanismes de production discursive et matérielle de ces plats, ainsi comme les opinions des consommateurs. Pour ce faire, j’analyserai le matériel ethnographique collecté auprès du local en question en le comparant avec les pratiques observés dans d’autres restaurants milanais. En ce qui concerne les effets obtenus, j’appuierait mon analyse sur une plateforme de médias sociaux consacrée aux recensions d’endroits et locaux touristiques. La culture alimentaire sera étudiée dans ses aspects symboliques mais aussi matériels, en faisant également recours au matériel visuel récolté. [less ▲]

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See detailThe terrestrialization process: A palaeobotanical and palynological perspective (2).
Meyer-Berthaud, Brigitte; Servais, Thomas; Vecoli, Marco et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (in press)

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See detailBreeding criteria and willingness-to-pay for improved Azawak zebu sires in Niger
Siddo, Seyni; Moula, Nassim ULg; Hamadou, Issa et al

in Archiv für Tierzucht = Archives Animal Breeding (in press)

In Niger, the growth in local demand for milk and meat makes it necessary to consider a genetic improvement of indigenous cattle. In Toukounous breeding station, the Azawak zebu has undergone over 50 ... [more ▼]

In Niger, the growth in local demand for milk and meat makes it necessary to consider a genetic improvement of indigenous cattle. In Toukounous breeding station, the Azawak zebu has undergone over 50 years of line breeding for milk and meat production traits. To understand the diffusion potential of improved Azawak sires in Niger, this study proposes to estimate the values that cattle keepers ascribe to different breeding criteria. In a first participatory stage, the breeding criteria used by cattle keepers were first listed and their relative importance was semi-quantified in three different production zones: agricultural, peri- urban and pastoral. The willingness-to-pay (WTP) for chosen breeding criteria have then been estimated through stated preference methods with 150 breeders. From participatory surveys, the most important attributes in sire choice were reproductive performance, feeding requirements, and docility. The criteria considered for conjoint analysis were feeding requirements, docility, meat or dairy type, reproductive performance, coat color, and tail length. The WTP was 149 € for low feed requirements, 139 € for docility, and 132 € for a long tail. The meat or dairy type of the sire showed a lesser importance in the decision-making. [less ▲]

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See detailLeft ventricular regional function and maximal exercise capacity in aortic stenosis.
Dulgheru, Raluca; Magne, Julien; DAVIN, Laurent ULg et al

in European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging (in press)

AIMS: The objective assessment of maximal exercise capacity (MEC) using peak oxygen consumption (VO2) measurement may be helpful in the management of asymptomatic aortic stenosis (AS) patients. However ... [more ▼]

AIMS: The objective assessment of maximal exercise capacity (MEC) using peak oxygen consumption (VO2) measurement may be helpful in the management of asymptomatic aortic stenosis (AS) patients. However, the relationship between left ventricular (LV) function and MEC has been relatively unexplored. We aimed to identify which echocardiographic parameters of LV systolic function can predict MEC in asymptomatic AS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Asymptomatic patients with moderate to severe AS (n = 44, aortic valve area <1.5 cm2, 66 ± 13 years, 75% of men) and preserved LV ejection fraction (LVEF > 50%) were prospectively referred for resting echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise test. LV longitudinal strain (LS) of each myocardial segment was measured by speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) from the apical (aLS) 4-, 2-, and 3-chamber views. An average value of the LS of the analysable segments was provided for each myocardial region: basal (bLS), mid (mLS), and aLS. LV circumferential and radial strains were measured from short-axis views. Peak VO2 was 20.1 ± 5.8 mL/kg/min (median 20.7 mL/kg/min; range 7.2-32.3 mL/kg/min). According to the median of peak VO2, patients with reduced MEC were significantly older (P < 0.001) and more frequently females (P = 0.05). There were significant correlations between peak VO2 and age (r = -0.44), LV end-diastolic volume (r = 0.35), LV stroke volume (r = 0.37), indexed stroke volume (r = 0.32), and E/e' ratio (r = -0.37, all P < 0.04). Parameters of AS severity and LVEF did not correlate with peak VO2 (P = NS for all). Among LV deformation parameters, bLS and mLS were significantly associated with peakVO2 (r = 0.43, P = 0.005, and r = 0.32, P = 0.04, respectively). With multivariable analysis, female gender (β = 4.9; P = 0.008) and bLS (β = 0.50; P = 0.03) were the only independent determinants (r2 = 0.423) of peak VO2. CONCLUSION: In asymptomatic AS, impaired LV myocardial longitudinal function determines reduced MEC. Basal LS was the only parameter of LV regional function independently associated with MEC. [less ▲]

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See detailCovariance-constrained difference inversion of time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography data
Hermans, Thomas ULg; Kemna, Andreas; Nguyen, Frédéric ULg

in Geophysics (in press)

Hydrogeophysics has become a major field of research in the past two decades and time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) is one of the most popular techniques to monitor passive and active ... [more ▼]

Hydrogeophysics has become a major field of research in the past two decades and time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) is one of the most popular techniques to monitor passive and active processes in shallow subsurface reservoirs. Time-lapse inversion schemes have been developed to refine inversion results, but they mostly still rely on a spatial regularization procedure based on the standard smoothness constraint. In this paper, we propose to apply a covariance-based regularization operator in the time-lapse ERT inverse problem. We first illustrate the method for surface and cross-hole ERT with two synthetic cases and compare the results with the smoothness-constrained inversion (SCI). The examples show that the covariance–constrained inversions (CCI) better image the anomaly both in terms of shape and amplitude. Although more important in low-sensitivity zones, improvements are observed everywhere in the tomograms. Those synthetic examples also show that an error made in the range or in the type of the variogram model has a limited impact on the resulting image, which still remains better than SCI. The method is then applied to cross-borehole ERT field data from a heat tracing experiment, where the comparison with direct measurements shows a strong improvement of the breakthrough curves retrieved from ERT. The proposed method could be extended to the time dimension which would allow the use of CCI in 4D inversion schemes. [less ▲]

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See detailA Text Structure Indicator and two Topological Methods: New Ways for Studying Latin Historic Narratives
Longrée, Dominique ULg; Mellet, Sylvie

in International Journal of Corpus Linguistics (in press)

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See detailComposite joints under M-N at elevated temperatures
Haremza, Cécile; Santiago, Aldina; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg et al

in Journal of Constructional Steel Research (in press)

The Eurocodes recognise robustness as a way to ensure the structural integrity of a building frame subjected to an unforeseen event and therefore to avoid a so-called “progressive failure” mode in extreme ... [more ▼]

The Eurocodes recognise robustness as a way to ensure the structural integrity of a building frame subjected to an unforeseen event and therefore to avoid a so-called “progressive failure” mode in extreme loading situations. However, few practical guidelines exist nowadays which would allow a designer to design a structure accordingly. Within the European RFCS ROBUSTFIRE project, the behaviour of steel and composite car parks subjected to localised fire leading to a column loss was investigated. Under such a scenario, the beam-to-column joints play a key role in the global structural response. Indeed, these joints, initially loaded in bending, may be subjected to elevated temperatures and to combined axial load “N”, bending moment “M” and shear forces “V”. In this paper, a methodology to predict the mechanical response of bolted composite beam-to-column joints at elevated temperatures under M-N is presented and validated through comparison with detailed numerical results and experimental tests. This methodology is based on an analytical method able to predict M-N resistance interaction curves for steel and composite joints and which is in full agreement with the component model recommended by the Eurocode. [less ▲]

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See detailLes troubles du sommeil chez l'enfant autiste, quel rôle pour le pédopsychiatre?
Abate Ekollo, Joëlle; Malchair, Alain ULg

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (in press)

Les troubles du sommeil sont fréquents chez l’enfant et leurs origines sont diverses. Ces troubles ont leur ancrage dans le développement neurophysiologique et psychoaffectif de l’enfant. Les enfants ... [more ▼]

Les troubles du sommeil sont fréquents chez l’enfant et leurs origines sont diverses. Ces troubles ont leur ancrage dans le développement neurophysiologique et psychoaffectif de l’enfant. Les enfants souffrant de troubles du spectre autistique présentent un déficit de sommeil, qui peut durer jusqu’à l’adolescence. Les troubles du spectre autistique comportent des comorbidités multiples, dont des altérations du sommeil. Ils sont importants à caractériser dans cette population, car ils peuvent avoir un impact négatif sur les comportements diurnes. Par ailleurs, ils entrainent souvent des difficultés au sein de la famille. La prise en charge doit avant tout prendre en compte le contexte environnemental afin d’améliorer les habitudes et l’hygiène du sommeil. Des questionnaires ainsi que des agendas de sommeil ont été remplis par des parents afin de démontrer l’importance d’une évaluation et d’une prise en compte des troubles du sommeil chez les enfants souffrant d’autisme en consultation pédopsychiatrique. [less ▲]

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See detailGrasshoppers as a food source? A review
Paul, Aman ULg; Frederich, Michel ULg; Uyttenbroeck, Roel ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment (in press), 20(AgricultureIsLife),

Description of the subject. Current trends suggest an increasing future demand for conventional meats, which indicates a strong need to shift this dependency to other alternative protein sources such as ... [more ▼]

Description of the subject. Current trends suggest an increasing future demand for conventional meats, which indicates a strong need to shift this dependency to other alternative protein sources such as insects. Literature. From a nutritional point of view, of all the insects consumed globally, grasshoppers are particularly important as a human food. Data from the literature regarding the nutrient composition, amino acid profile, fatty acid profile, mineral composition and vitamin content of grasshoppers as reviewed in this paper, suggest that a number of grasshopper species are a good source of nutrients. It also highlights some of the health related aspects that might arise from the consumption of grasshoppers, mostly linked to agricultural practices and the allergic response of sensitive individuals. The paper also summarizes some religious, social and economic factors that are associated with grasshopper consumption. Conclusions. The success of introducing grasshoppers as a novel food in western countries depends on changes in consumer attitudes. It would be interesting to develop food products derived from grasshoppers in a form acceptable to consumers. Furthermore, it is important to explore the food potential of some grasshopper species native to western countries and to develop their rearing methodologies to enhance availability. [less ▲]

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See detailPilgrimage Certificates from the Mamluk Period: New Data
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies (in press)

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See detailOrder short-term memory capacity predicts nonword reading and spelling in first and second grade
Binamé, Florence ULg; Poncelet, Martine ULg

in Reading and Writing An Interdisciplinary Journal (in press)

Recent theories of short-term memory (STM) distinguish between item information, which reflects the temporary activation of long-term representations stored in the language system, and serial-order ... [more ▼]

Recent theories of short-term memory (STM) distinguish between item information, which reflects the temporary activation of long-term representations stored in the language system, and serial-order information, which is encoded in a specific representational system that is independent of the language network. Some studies examining the relationship between reading acquisition and verbal STM for order and item information separately in beginning readers have found that order STM capacity is independently predictive of nonword decoding abilities in first grade, but item STM is not. In this longitudinal study, we first aimed to explore whether this finding also holds for nonword spelling abilities. We also sought to determine whether order STM capacity remains an independent predictor of nonword decoding and spelling abilities in the second year of reading instruction. For this purpose, 70 typically developing children were followed over 3 years, from kindergarten to second grade. In kindergarten, children were administered order and item STM tasks and phonological awareness tasks, in addition to tasks assessing letter name knowledge, vocabulary knowledge, and nonverbal reasoning. In first and second grades, the children’s word and nonword reading and spelling abilities were assessed. The results revealed that order STM capacity was a robust independent predictor of nonword reading and spelling abilities in first and second grade, but was not related to the abilities to read and spell words. The specific role of order STM in the acquisition of the sublexical reading and spelling routes is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution à un lexique épigraphique: "deltographéma"
Famerie, Etienne ULg

in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik (in press)

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See detailLe Laboratoire d’Analyse statistique des langues anciennes : cinquante années de recherches
Longrée, Dominique ULg

in Etudes Classiques (Namur, Belgium) (in press)

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See detailNutritive value of three tropical forgae legumes and their influence on growth performance, carcass traits and organ weights of pigs
Kambashi Mutiaka, Bienvenu ULg; Kalala Bolokango, Gaetan ULg; Dochain, Denis et al

in Tropical Animal Health and Production (in press)

The effects of tropical forage legumes on feed intake, growth performance and carcass traits were investigated in 16 groups of two Large White × Duroc pigs. The diets consisted of a commercial ... [more ▼]

The effects of tropical forage legumes on feed intake, growth performance and carcass traits were investigated in 16 groups of two Large White × Duroc pigs. The diets consisted of a commercial corn–soybean meal diet as the basal diet and three forage-supplemented diets. Four groups of control pigs received daily 4 % of body weight of the basal diet, and 12 groups of experimental pigs were fed the basal diet at 3.2 % of body weight completed with fresh leaves of one of the three forage legumes (Psophocarpus scandens, Stylosanthes guianensis and Vigna unguiculata) ad libitum. The study lasted 90 days. The in vitro digestion and fermentation of the forage legumes were also determined. The in vitro digestible energy content of the legumes was between 0.72 and 0.77 that of the basal diet (14.4 MJ/kg dry matter (DM)). V. unguiculata was the most digestible forage legume expected for crude protein digestibility. Feeding forage legumes lowered the dry matter intake by 4.5 to 9.6 % (P< 0.05), final body weight (P= 0.013), slaughter weight, average daily gain and hot carcass weight (P< 0.05) without affecting the feed conversion ratio (FCR), dressing percentage and back fat thickness. In conclusion, using forage to feed pig could be interesting in pig smallholder productionwith limited access to concentrate, as FCR was not significantly affected. [less ▲]

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See detailAn item analysis of the French version of the Test for Reception of Grammar among children and adolescents with Down syndrome or intellectual disability of undifferentiated etiology
Facon, Bruno; Magis, David ULg

in Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing research (in press)

Purpose: An item analysis of Bishop’s (1983) Test for Reception of Grammar (TROG) in its French version (F-TROG, Lecocq, 1996) was conducted to determine whether the difficulty of items is similar for ... [more ▼]

Purpose: An item analysis of Bishop’s (1983) Test for Reception of Grammar (TROG) in its French version (F-TROG, Lecocq, 1996) was conducted to determine whether the difficulty of items is similar for participants with or without intellectual disability (ID). Method: In Study 1, responses to the 92 F-TROG items by 55 participants with Down syndrome (DS), 55 with ID of undifferentiated etiology (UND) and 55 typical children (TYP) matched on their F-TROG total score were compared using the transformed item difficulties method, a statistical approach designed to detect differential item functioning (DIF) between groups. In Study 2, an additional comparison involving 526 TYP participants and 526 participants with UND was conducted to increase the statistical power of the analysis. Results: The difficulty of items was highly similar whatever the sample size or clinical status of participants. Fewer than 3.5 % of the items were flagged as showing DIF. Conclusions: Tests such as the TROG can be used with confidence in clinical practice as well as in research studies comparing participants with or without ID. Methods designed for investigating potential internal test bias – such as done here – should be more regularly employed in the developmental disability field to affirm the absence of DIF. [less ▲]

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See detailComment la participation à une recherche contribue au développement professionnel : le cas des exemples à l’Université
Fossion, Gilles ULg; Faulx, Daniel ULg

in Recherches Qualitatives (in press)

La recherche scientifique constitue un des piliers centraux de l’activité universitaire. Nous nous sommes donc questionnés sur les apprentissages générés par celle-ci. Après avoir brièvement décrit les ... [more ▼]

La recherche scientifique constitue un des piliers centraux de l’activité universitaire. Nous nous sommes donc questionnés sur les apprentissages générés par celle-ci. Après avoir brièvement décrit les objectifs et enjeux de cette communication, nous proposons une présentation des objectifs et de la méthodologie de la recherche que nous avons menée au sein des Facultés de Psychologie et des Sciences de l’Éducation de l’Université de Liège. Nous poursuivons, enfin, par la mise en évidence de ses principaux résultats. Ces résultats se situent sur deux niveaux. D’une part, nous présentons les résultats inhérents à la recherche - relative aux impacts générés par la mobilisation de l’exemple au sein du discours pédagogique - et qui contribue à l’enrichissement du champ scientifique abordé. D’autre part, nous abordons les résultats qui permettent la mise en évidence de l’aspect formatif que revêt la participation à une recherche scientifique pour les acteurs. [less ▲]

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See detailSustaining Inter-Organizational Relationships across Institutional Logics and Power Asymmetries: the Case of Fair Trade
Nicholls, Alex; Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

in Journal of Business Ethics (in press)

In Fair Trade (FT), as well as in other ‘mixed-form’ fields (Becchetti & Huybrechts 2008; Marwell & McInerney 2005), non-profit organizations and social enterprises have been partnering with large ... [more ▼]

In Fair Trade (FT), as well as in other ‘mixed-form’ fields (Becchetti & Huybrechts 2008; Marwell & McInerney 2005), non-profit organizations and social enterprises have been partnering with large corporations over long time periods despite the presence of conditions that might be expected to destabilize such relationships. These conditions include striking differences in size, economic power, and organizational goals or ‘logics’. Given these asymmetries, the collaborations are typically seen as problematic and temporary because the stronger party (the corporation) will impose its (market) logics upon the weaker one (the social enterprise), leading to either instrumentalizing and corrupting the latter or to the breakdown of the collaboration. Whilst some of the literature on FT and other market-oriented social movements has tended to depict corporate participation as a threat to the original goals of the social movement and to the integrity of partnering social enterprises (e.g. Fridell et al. 2008; Reed 2009), there is evidence of a set of social enterprise-corporate relationships that persist over time and cannot be simply summarized as dominated by the sole corporate, market logic. These examples illustrate the emergence of new working relationships across the conventional divides between distinct sectors – the public, private, and civil society – that offer new approaches to managing power asymmetries and apparently conflicting logics – typically, in FT and more generally in social entrepreneurship, market and social justice/welfare logics (Battilana & Lee 2014; Defourny & Nyssens 2006; Huybrechts & Nicholls 2012; Smith et al. forthcoming). This leads to the following research question: Under what conditions can inter-organizational relationships emerge and be sustained despite power asymmetries and the presence of distinct, potentially conflicting, institutional logics? The analysis in this paper aims to extend theory by providing an alternative to more deterministic analyses of inter-organizational relationships that suggest that the more powerful actor will always impose its logics upon the less powerful organization thus undermining the persistence of the relationship over time. In the process, this research adds a new construct to existing theory around the resolution of conflict in institutional logics by suggesting that dynamic persistence is also evident in contrast to examples of conflict resolution through dominance, compromise, hybridization, synthesis, or relationship breakdown. Based on the analysis of the relationships between commercial buyers and FTOs, initially embodying market and social justice logics respectively, this paper proposes a set of key conditions under which dynamic persistence can be observed even in the presence of power asymmetries. [less ▲]

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See detailA robust statistical approach to select adequate error distributions for financial returns
Hambuckers, julien ULg; Heuchenne, Cédric ULg

in Journal of Applied Statistics (in press)

In this article, we propose a robust statistical approach to select an appropriate error distribution, in a classical multiplicative heteroscedastic model. In a first step, unlike to the traditional ... [more ▼]

In this article, we propose a robust statistical approach to select an appropriate error distribution, in a classical multiplicative heteroscedastic model. In a first step, unlike to the traditional approach, we don't use any GARCH-type estimation of the conditional variance. Instead, we propose to use a recently developed nonparametric procedure (Mercurio and Spokoiny, 2004): the Local Adaptive Volatility Estimation (LAVE). The motivation for using this method is to avoid a possible model misspecification for the conditional variance. In a second step, we suggest a set of estimation and model selection procedures (Berk-Jones tests, kernel density-based selection, censored likelihood score, coverage probability) based on the so-obtained residuals. These methods enable to assess the global fit of a set of distributions as well as to focus on their behavior in the tails, giving us the capacity to map the strengths and weaknesses of the candidate distributions. A bootstrap procedure is provided to compute the rejection regions in this semiparametric context. Finally, we illustrate our methodology throughout a small simulation study and an application on three time series of daily returns (UBS stock returns, BOVESPA returns and EUR/USD exchange rates) [less ▲]

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See detailComparative study of nutritional quality of potato-wheat steamed and baked breads made with four cultivated potato flour
Liu, Xingli; Mu, Tai-Hua; Sun, Hongnan et al

in International Journal of Food Sciences & Nutrition (in press)

Bread is traditional staple food in western and oriental countries varying in both the ingredients used, preparation methods, and heating methods applied, which are mainly used as an energy source because ... [more ▼]

Bread is traditional staple food in western and oriental countries varying in both the ingredients used, preparation methods, and heating methods applied, which are mainly used as an energy source because of high carbohydrate. Baked bread is popular in western countries. While steamed bread is a type of fermented and steamed wheat-based food of Chinese origin, and represents ∼40% of the wheat consumption in China. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude de la séquence stratigraphique des loess de la carrière de Romont (Eben-Emael, Belgique) par une campagne géotechnique
Delvoie, Simon ULg; Pirson, Stéphane ULg; Charlier, Robert ULg et al

in Notae Praehistoricae (in press), 36

The Romont quarry is recently considered as a new type section for the Middle Belgium loess deposits. The site displays a nearly 10 m thick loess sequence mainly dating from the Upper Pleistocene. The ... [more ▼]

The Romont quarry is recently considered as a new type section for the Middle Belgium loess deposits. The site displays a nearly 10 m thick loess sequence mainly dating from the Upper Pleistocene. The Rocourt Pedocomplex, the Humiferous Complex of Remicourt, the Malplaquet Soil and the Nagelbeek Tongued Horizon are especially well developed. Classical approaches to study the loess sequence need observable sections. Unfortunately these sections are rare in Middle Belgium, often temporary and not deep enough. To identify reference horizons, archaeologists and geologists use to resort to hand auger sampling techniques. Investigation of loess by cone penetration tests could offer an alternative to the lack of outcrops and could be used complementary to hand drilling techniques. This study focuses on a methodology to approach as a first step the loess sequence to identify the presence or not of some layers and their extension. The investigation campaign performed on the site of Romont aims to define reference horizons based on mechanical properties by comparison with an observable outcrop. Then 16 cone penetration tests have been realized behind the working face. The campaign results reveal the existence of some horizons into the loess sequence. The transition between the Humiferous Complex of Remicourt and the Rocourt Pedocomplex is the most noticeable horizon. These two pedostratigraphic units are important due to the presence of archaeological materials in Middle Belgium and borderlands. Closer to the surface the Nagelbeek Tongued Horizon and the decarbonation limit are also highlighted from results of the geotechnical campaign. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Perceived Value of Passive Animal Health Surveillance: The Case of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Vietnam
Delabouglise, Alexis; Antoine-Moussiaux, Nicolas ULg; Phan, T.D et al

in Zoonoses and Public Health (in press)

Economic evaluations are critical for the assessment of the efficiency and sustain- ability of animal health surveillance systems and the improvement of their effi- ciency. Methods identifying and ... [more ▼]

Economic evaluations are critical for the assessment of the efficiency and sustain- ability of animal health surveillance systems and the improvement of their effi- ciency. Methods identifying and quantifying costs and benefits incurred by public and private actors of passive surveillance systems (i.e. actors of veterinary author- ities and private actors who may report clinical signs) are needed. This study pre- sents the evaluation of perceived costs and benefits of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) passive surveillance in Vietnam. Surveys based on participatory epidemiology methods were conducted in three provinces in Vietnam to collect data on costs and benefits resulting from the reporting of HPAI suspicions to vet- erinary authorities. A quantitative tool based on stated preference methods and participatory techniques was developed and applied to assess the non-monetary costs and benefits. The study showed that poultry farmers are facing several options regarding the management of HPAI suspicions, besides reporting the fol- lowing: treatment, sale or destruction of animals. The option of reporting was associated with uncertain outcome and transaction costs. Besides, actors antici- pated the release of health information to cause a drop of markets prices. This cost was relevant at all levels, including farmers, veterinary authorities and private actors of the upstream sector (feed, chicks and medicine supply). One benefit associated with passive surveillance was the intervention of public services to clean farms and the environment to limit the disease spread. Private actors of the poultry sector valued information on HPAI suspicions (perceived as a non-mon- etary benefit) which was mainly obtained from other private actors and media. [less ▲]

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See detailLe rire du groupe
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in Žurnals Letonica (in press)

La période fin de siècle s’accompagne, dans le champ littéraire français, du développement d’une série de groupuscules plus ou moins organisés et volontiers potaches. Au cœur de ces associations liées de ... [more ▼]

La période fin de siècle s’accompagne, dans le champ littéraire français, du développement d’une série de groupuscules plus ou moins organisés et volontiers potaches. Au cœur de ces associations liées de près ou de loin à ce qu’Ernest Raynaud qualifiera de « mêlée symboliste » (1920-1922), le rire fonctionne comme un véritable ciment social, renforçant les liens des membres de la collectivité et redoublant l’exclusion de ceux qui n’en sont pas. Héritiers d’entreprises collectives comme Le Parnassiculet contemporain (1866) et l’Album zutique (composé en 1871 et tenu délibérément à l’écart des circuits de diffusion du livre), les agents engageant les projets des Hydropathes, des Hirsutes, des Jemenfoutistes ou de l’incontournable cabaret du Chat Noir se rassemblent non seulement dans une perspective dérisoire, mais encore se dotent-ils d’un discours qui, plus qu’un simple divertissement, présente cette dérision comme principe régulant l’activité collective. Ce sont, à l’aune des cas susmentionnés, quelques-uns de ces discours du rire collectif fin de siècle que nous explorons ici, en nous penchant sur les mécanismes rhétoriques qui les fondent et sur les grandes logiques (d’opposition à des figures spécifiques ou à des institutions) qui les motivent, en cherchant à mettre en lumière la façon dont cette omniprésence de la dérision est directement provoquée par l’état du champ littéraire de l’époque. [less ▲]

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See detailON THE USE OF HIGH-THROUGHPUT SEQUENCING FOR THE STUDY OF CYANOBACTERIAL DIVERSITY IN ANTARCTIC AQUATIC MATS 1
Stelmach Pessi, Igor ULg; De Carvalho Maalouf, Pedro; Laughinghouse, Haywood Dail et al

in Journal of Phycology (in press)

The study of Antarctic cyanobacterial diversity has been mostly limited to morphological identification and traditional molecular techniques. High-throughput sequencing (HTS) allows a much better ... [more ▼]

The study of Antarctic cyanobacterial diversity has been mostly limited to morphological identification and traditional molecular techniques. High-throughput sequencing (HTS) allows a much better understanding of microbial distribution in the environment, but its application is hampered by several methodological and analytical challenges. In this work we explored the use of HTS as a tool for the study of cyanobacterial diversity in Antarctic aquatic mats. Our results highlight the importance of using artificial communities to validate the parameters of the bioinformatics procedure used to analyse natural communities, since pipeline-dependent biases had a strong effect on the observed community structures. Analysis of microbial mats from five Antarctic lakes and an aquatic biofilm from the Sub-Antarctic showed that HTS is a valuable tool for the assessment of cyanobacterial diversity. The majority of the OTUs retrieved were related to filamentous taxa such as Leptolyngbya and Phormidium, which are common genera in Antarctic lacustrine microbial mats. However, other phylotypes related to different taxa such as Geitlerinema, Pseudanabaena, Synechococcus and Chamaesiphon, Calothrix and Coleodesmium were also found. Results revealed a much higher diversity than what had been reported using traditional methods and also highlighted remarkable differences between the cyanobacterial communities of the studied lakes. The aquatic biofilm from the Sub-Antarctic had a distinct cyanobacterial community in comparison to the studied Antarctic lakes, which, in turn, displayed a salinity-dependent community-structure at the phylotype level. [less ▲]

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See detailLe phénotype d’Akhenaton ; revue critique entre canons artistiques et expression pathologique.
JEDIDI, Zayd ULg; JEDIDI, Haroun ULg; LAVEAUX, Elisabeth ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (in press)

Of all the royal families of ancient or modern fame, few are as iconic as the eighteenth dynasty of pharaohs of the New Kingdom of Egypt, whose opulence and deeds we are still familiar to nearly 3,500 ... [more ▼]

Of all the royal families of ancient or modern fame, few are as iconic as the eighteenth dynasty of pharaohs of the New Kingdom of Egypt, whose opulence and deeds we are still familiar to nearly 3,500 years after their time. Tenth pharaoh of this dynasty and father of Tutankhamun, Akhenaten (Amenhotep/Amenhotep IV) still fascinates Egyptologists and history lovers through the many questions surrounding his atypical rule. One of the most striking aspects of the so-called Amarna period concerns the representations of the pharaoh himself, very confusing compared to the traditional iconography of the New Kingdom. These intriguing portraits of Pharaoh raised a whole lot of medical assumptions, more or less substantiated. We review here the main theories developed throughout history. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Science, development, and commercialization of postharvest biocontrol products
Droby, Samir; Wisniewski, Michael; Teixido, Neus et al

in Postharvest Biology & Technology (in press)

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See detailFirst record of the mangrove palm Nypa from the northeastern Ebro basin, Spain: with taphonomic criteria to evaluate the drifting duration
Moreno-Dominguez, Rafael; Cascales-Miñana, Borja ULg; Ferrer, Javier et al

in Geologica Acta (in press)

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See detailA multifractal formalism for non-concave and non-increasing spectra: the leaders profile method
Esser, Céline ULg; Kleyntssens, Thomas ULg; Nicolay, Samuel ULg

in Applied & Computational Harmonic Analysis (in press)

We present an implementation of a multifractal formalism based on the types of histogram of wavelet leaders. This method yields non-concave spectra and is not limited to their increasing part. We show ... [more ▼]

We present an implementation of a multifractal formalism based on the types of histogram of wavelet leaders. This method yields non-concave spectra and is not limited to their increasing part. We show both from the theoretical and from the applied points of view that this approach is more e cient than the wavelet-based multifractal formalisms previously introduced. [less ▲]

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See detailComputerized adaptive testing with R: Recent updates of the package catR
Magis, David ULg; Barrada, Juan Ramon

in Journal of Statistical Software (in press)

The purpose of this paper is to list the recent updates of the R package catR. This package allows for generating response patterns under a computerized adaptive testing (CAT) framework with underlying ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper is to list the recent updates of the R package catR. This package allows for generating response patterns under a computerized adaptive testing (CAT) framework with underlying item response theory (IRT) models. Among the most important updates, well-known polytomous IRT models are now supported by catR; several item selection rules have been added; and it is now possible to perform post-hoc simulations. Some functions were also rewritten or withdrawn to improve the usefulness and performances of the package. [less ▲]

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See detailBACTERIA MAY CONTRIBUTE TO DISTANT SPECIES RECOGNITION IN ANT-APHID MUTUALISTIC RELATIONSHIPS
Fischer, Christophe ULg; Detrain, Claire; Thonart, Philippe ULg et al

in Insect Science (in press)

Mutualistic interactions between ant and aphid species have been the subject of considerable historical and contemporary investigations, the primary benefits being cleaning and protection for the aphids ... [more ▼]

Mutualistic interactions between ant and aphid species have been the subject of considerable historical and contemporary investigations, the primary benefits being cleaning and protection for the aphids and carbohydrate-rich honeydew for the ants. Questions remained, however, as to the volatile semiochemical factor influencing this relationship. A recent study highlighted the role of bacterial honeydew volatile compounds in ant attraction. Here, ant’s ability to distantly discriminate two aphid species was investigated based on bacterial honeydew semiochemicals emissions using a two-way olfactometer. Both the mutualistic black bean aphid (Aphis fabae L.) and the non-myrmecophilous pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum Harris) were found to be attractive for the black garden ant (Lasius niger L.). The level of attraction was similar in both assays (control versus one of the aphid species). However, when given a choice between these two aphid species, ants showed a significant preference for Aphis fabae. Honeydew volatiles, mostly from bacterial origins, are known to be a key element in ant attraction. Using the same olfactometry protocol, the relative attractiveness of volatiles emitted by honeydews collected from each aphid species and by bacteria isolated from each honeydew was in investigated. Again, ants significantly preferred volatiles released by Aphis fabae honeydew and bacteria. This information suggests that microbial honeydew volatiles enable ants to distantly discriminate aphid species. These results emphasize the importance of investigating the presence and potential effects of microbes in insect symbioses. [less ▲]

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See detailInvectif et logique conflictuelle dans le champ du rap français
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

in Etudes de Lettres (in press)

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See detailFully automated electrophoretically mediated microanalysis for CYP1A1 activity monitoring optimized by multivariate approach
Farcas, Elena ULg; Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg; Lamalle, Caroline ULg et al

in Electrophoresis (in press)

In this study, a fully automatized in-capillary system was developed to monitor the activity of CYP1A1 in physiological conditions. Ethoxycoumarin, the selected substrate, undergoes an in-line bioreaction ... [more ▼]

In this study, a fully automatized in-capillary system was developed to monitor the activity of CYP1A1 in physiological conditions. Ethoxycoumarin, the selected substrate, undergoes an in-line bioreaction in the presence of CYP1A1 supersomes and NADPH as co-factor, giving rise to hydroxycoumarin, the product that was assayed. The optimization of the experimental conditions was supported by the application of a design of experiment, providing a better understanding of electrophoretic mixing parameters that influence the metabolic reactions. The results obtained in optimal conditions were compared not only to those achieved after off-line metabolization but also with liver microsomes. Finally, inhibition studies were conducted showing an important decrease of hydroxycoumarin formation using apigenin as CYP1A1 potent inhibitor. This study demonstrates the usefulness of our in-line system for the fully automated in vitro metabolism studies and the screening of new CYP1A1 inhibitors. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasurement of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D: A historical review
Delvin, Edgar; LE GOFF, Caroline ULg; CAVALIER, Etienne ULg et al

in Practical Laboratory Medicine (in press)

The constantly increasing requests for the measurement of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D over the last years has led reagent manufacturers to market different automated and semi-automated methods, that being ... [more ▼]

The constantly increasing requests for the measurement of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D over the last years has led reagent manufacturers to market different automated and semi-automated methods, that being unfortunately not fully harmonized, yield different results. Liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS2) has more recently been introduced. This approach allows the distinction between the two forms of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and to measure other metabolites. This approach also requires harmonization to curtail the differences between the different analytical methods. To meet this requirement, the American National Institutes of Health (NIH), the CDC (Centre for Disease Control and Prevention) in Atlanta, the NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) and the vitamin D Reference laboratory of Ghent University have pooled their expertise to develop a standardization program. This article reviews the main elements and the difficulties of the automated and semi-automated methods for 25-hydroxyvitamin D, from sample preparation to the analytical phase, as well as those related to mass spectrometry. It also addresses the issues related to the clinical decision thresholds and the possibility of measurements in different biological liquids. [less ▲]

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See detailProjections photographiques et cinéma des premiers temps : La houillère de Gustave Marissiaux et les origines du cinéma minier
Mélon, Marc-Emmanuel ULg

in Intermédialités : Histoire et Théorie des Arts, des Lettres et des Techniques = Intermediality: History and Theory of the Arts, Literature and Technologies (in press)

Les spectacles de projection conçus par Gustave Marissiaux entre 1903 et 1926, en particulier le vaste documentaire intitulé "La houillère" (1905) est ici inscrit dans une histoire sociale des images ... [more ▼]

Les spectacles de projection conçus par Gustave Marissiaux entre 1903 et 1926, en particulier le vaste documentaire intitulé "La houillère" (1905) est ici inscrit dans une histoire sociale des images projetées et mis en rapport avec le cinéma minier des premiers temps [less ▲]

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See detailDynamic single-cell analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae under process perturbation: comparison of different methods for monitoring the intensity of population heterogeneity
Delvigne, Frank ULg; Baert, Jonathan ULg; Gofflot, Sébastien et al

in Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology (in press)

BACKGROUND: Single cell biology has attracted a lot of attention these past few years and has led to numerous fundamental results pointing out the heterogeneity of clonal cell populations. In this context ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Single cell biology has attracted a lot of attention these past few years and has led to numerous fundamental results pointing out the heterogeneity of clonal cell populations. In this context, microbial phenotypic heterogeneity under bioprocessing conditions needs to be further investigated. In this study, yeast based processes have been investigated by using on-line flow cytometry in combination with a fluorescent transcriptional reporter (GFP) and viability fluorescence tags (propidium iodide, PI). Methods aiming at expressing the dispersion of these fluorescence tags among the yeast populations have been investigated for different bioreactor operating conditions. RESULTS: Yeast viability was determined on the basis of PI uptake. Segregation between PI negative and positive subpopulations could be efficiently quantified on the basis of the mean-to-median ratio or the amplitude of the interquartile range. On the other hand, the same quantification could not be made for the segregation occurring at the level of GFP synthesis. Indeed, when cells were exposed to sub-lethal or mild stresses (such as in scale-down reactors) two GFP subpopulations could be visualized by real-time FC, but quantification by one of the above-mentioned methods was not possible. CONCLUSIONS: Yeast population heterogeneity was observed in representative bioreactor operating conditions. Difficulties for the determination of segregation at the level of GFP synthesis point out the fact that one needs to understand the segregation mechanisms for the applied fluorescent reporters, to judge whether simple mathematical tools may be applied or if more sophisticated computational tools are needed for the quantification of the microbial population segregation. [less ▲]

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See detailParentification and related processes: distinction and implications for clinical practice
Haxhe, Stéphanie ULg

in Journal of Family Psychotherapy (in press)

With the emergence of what we call « new families », the place and the role of the child are increasingly questioned. If a child helps a parent or takes care of them, the terms “parentified child” ... [more ▼]

With the emergence of what we call « new families », the place and the role of the child are increasingly questioned. If a child helps a parent or takes care of them, the terms “parentified child”, “parental child” or “adult child” are used equally. However, these concepts hide different processes that have different impacts on the child’s development. In the present article, based on our doctoral research and clinical practice experience, we will try to make the distinction between these concepts and to illustrate them. We are convinced that by a better identification of each process, we can help therapists and social workers in their interventions with children and their families. [less ▲]

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See detail“How are you Vulnerable?”: Using Participation for Vulnerability Analysis in Emergency Planning
Rossignol, Nicolas ULg; Turcanu, Catrinel; Fallon, Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Risk Research (in press)

Scientists in many fields of research have developed models, theories and concepts attempting to grasp and manage dangers that are often difficult to imagine. Among the different perspectives, the Science ... [more ▼]

Scientists in many fields of research have developed models, theories and concepts attempting to grasp and manage dangers that are often difficult to imagine. Among the different perspectives, the Science and Technology Studies (STS) Vulnerability Approach seems very promising. Relying on a constructivist paradigm, it is based on an inductive collection and analysis of a wide range of factors, with a particular focus on cultural factors and actual day-to-day practices. In this paper, we present the roots of this approach and we display findings based on three case studies exploring emergency planning in three different contexts (a city near a SEVESO plant, a school near a nuclear plant, and a city confronted to multiple catastrophic scenarios). The cases studies were realized by conducting three Focus Groups with different types of stakeholders (citizens, teachers, firemen, decision makers, etc.). After presenting the results of the case studies, we discuss how stakeholders’ participation can inform such type of vulnerability analysis in the context of emergency planning. We argue that participation fosters a deep understanding of actual safety governance practices which allows innovative results to emerge as well as it initiates a learning process among the participants. It contributes to questioning the relations between decision-makers, experts and citizens. It has the potential of bypassing the positivist and quantitative rationale of safety, and thus, of redefining the vulnerability governance. As a conclusion, we question the role of such STS vulnerability approach within the actual vulnerability governance. [less ▲]

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See detailLe « mot-phrase » dans les conceptions syntaxiques de Lucien Tesnière
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULg; Kahane, Sylvain

in Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris (in press)

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See detailÉtude de nouveaux indices de détection de la réponse au hasard et de l’inattention selon différentes valeurs de l’habileté dans le contexte de la modélisation de Rasch
Béland, Sébastien; Raîche, Gilles; Magis, David ULg et al

in Mesure et Evaluation en Education (in press)

Certains étudiants peuvent répondre au hasard ou être inattentifs dans une situation de testing. Plusieurs approches ont déjà été développées pour détecter ce type de réponse. Parmi celles-ci ... [more ▼]

Certains étudiants peuvent répondre au hasard ou être inattentifs dans une situation de testing. Plusieurs approches ont déjà été développées pour détecter ce type de réponse. Parmi celles-ci, l’utilisation d’indices de détection (person-fit indexes) de patrons de réponses inappropriés est l’approche qui est la plus étudiée et qui semble la plus prometteuse. Dans le cadre de cette étude, nous nous concentrons sur trois indices de détection populaires qui présentent des caractéristiques permettant d’en faciliter l’interprétation: lz, ZU et ZW. Des études antérieures ont montré que ces trois indices sont fortement affectés par le fait que l’habileté d’un étudiant est estimée plutôt que réelle. Snijders (2001) a proposé une version corrigée de l’indice lz (nommée lz*) afin de tenir compte de cette difficulté. Magis, Béland et Raîche (2014) ont déjà corrigé deux autres indices selon l’approche de Snijders: U* et W*. Il reste cependant à analyser plus en détail le comportement des indices corrigés lz*, U* et W* et des indices standardisés lz, ZU et ZW. Pour ce faire, nous effectuons deux études selon différentes valeurs de l’habileté, soit une analyse des erreurs de type I des indices (probabilité de se tromper en identifiant un patron de réponses inapproprié) et une analyse de leur puissance de détection. Ces analyses permettront de démontrer que ce sont généralement les indices corrigés lz* et W* qui sont les plus intéressants à utiliser puisque leurs scores suivent approximativement la loi normale et qu’ils permettent de bien détecter la réponse au hasard et l’inattention. [less ▲]

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See detailAberrations chromatiques : de l’émulsion au pixel
Thonon, Jonathan ULg

in Cahiers Louis Lumière (in press)

Dans l’une de ses conversations avec Joachim Gasquet sur le sens de sa peinture (et de la peinture en général), Cézanne aborde de front la conception qu’il se fait de la couleur, dans son rapport à la ... [more ▼]

Dans l’une de ses conversations avec Joachim Gasquet sur le sens de sa peinture (et de la peinture en général), Cézanne aborde de front la conception qu’il se fait de la couleur, dans son rapport à la profondeur picturale et de son articulation à la surface : « La nature n'est pas en surface ; elle est en profondeur. Les couleurs sont l'expression, à cette surface, de cette profondeur. Elles montent des racines du monde ». Cet « organisme de couleurs » que constitue le monde est transcrit dans la peinture de Cézanne par une dynamique symbiotique de la couleur et du dessin, de la ligne et du pan. La couleur restitue, par sa masse, son surgissement, son homogénéité, presque sa viscosité, la véritable chaire perceptive du monde ; une vision qui tient à distance la perspective géométrique, photographique, cinématographique fondée sur la transparence et qui repose, comme le signale Merleau-Ponty, sur la « réversibilité des dimensions » (surface-profondeur) et l’entrelacement des choses. C’est cette épaisseur du visible rendu par la couleur que l’économie de l’image numérique nous permet de redécouvrir, moins dans le registre de la « tactilité » de l’image et la picturalité du pixel, que par l’intégration, entre le support et l’image (parfois indiscernables dans le régime optique), d’un « corps » algorithmique qui règle l’actualisation du visible. Certains défauts techniques du dispositif numérique, aujourd’hui élevés au rang de pratique artistique, permettent de révéler cette matrice qui utilise alors la couleur et la coulure comme mode de visibilité. C’est le cas du Datamoshing, technique de composition numérique qui revisite tout en la radicalisant la pratique de l’incrustation vidéo. Basée sur la perturbation volontaire d’éléments de la matrice, cette technique transforme les couleurs en une forme malléable et fluide révélant ainsi leur double nature spatiale : elles sont à la fois dans l’espace de l’image et l’espace de l’image lui-même. Ces expériences de défigurations d’images s’inscrivent dans le registre des « aberrations chromatiques » dont nous proposons ici une rapide généalogie avant d’interroger la couleur digitale dans ses spécificités. [less ▲]

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See detailSteel hollow columns with an internal profile filled with self-compacting concrete under fire conditions
Chu, Thi Binh; Gernay, Thomas ULg; Dotreppe, Jean-Claude ULg et al

in Proceeding of the Romanian Academy. Series A, Mathematics, Physics, Technical Sciences, Information Science (in press)

A detailed experimental and numerical investigation has been performed on the behavior under fire conditions of concrete filled steel hollow section (CFSHS) columns. In this study the internal ... [more ▼]

A detailed experimental and numerical investigation has been performed on the behavior under fire conditions of concrete filled steel hollow section (CFSHS) columns. In this study the internal reinforcement consists of another profile (tube or H section) being embedded with the concrete, and filling is realized by self-compacting concrete (SCC). Ten columns filled with self-compacting concrete embedding another steel profile have been tested in the Fire Testing Laboratory of the University of Liege, Belgium. Numerical simulations on the thermal and structural behavior of these elements have been made using the non linear finite element software SAFIR developed at the University of Liege. There is a rather good agreement between numerical and experimental results, which can be slightly improved by using the ETC (Explicit Transient Creep) model incorporated in SAFIR. This shows that numerical analyses can predict well the behavior of CFSHS columns under fire conditions. The properties at high temperatures of self-compacting concrete are considered the same as those of ordinary concrete. [less ▲]

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See detailLes aspects stratégiques du bioraffinage de seconde génération en Région Wallonne : symbiose industrielle ou autonomie complète ?
Jacquet, Nicolas ULg; Istasse, Thibaut ULg; Berchem, Thomas ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (in press)

Introduction. Le bioraffinage s’impose progressivement, à l’échelle commerciale, comme complément ou alternative aux filières de production traditionnelles. Littérature. A ce jour, les principaux sites ... [more ▼]

Introduction. Le bioraffinage s’impose progressivement, à l’échelle commerciale, comme complément ou alternative aux filières de production traditionnelles. Littérature. A ce jour, les principaux sites industriels de bioraffinage s’orientent vers la production de biocarburants (bioéthanol ou biodiésel). Le territoire wallon, de par son accès limité aux ressources végétales renouvelables, semble cependant s’orienter spécifiquement et compétitivement vers la production à plus faibles tonnages de bioproduits. Conclusions. Afin de mener à bien cette initiative, cette étude propose d’argumenter le meilleur choix stratégique devant être ciblé par la Wallonie: développer de nouveaux sites de production autonomes (énergétiquement suffisants et avec des filières d’approvisionnement indépendantes) ou s’ancrer à des systèmes ou des installations de production existants (et bénéficier des facilités déjà opérationnelles d’accès à l’énergie et aux matières premières). Le design de nouvelles unités de bioraffinage intégrées à des unités de production existantes semble être la meilleure option à définir pour le territoire wallon. [less ▲]

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See detailInterfacial activities of milk total proteose-peptone: contribution 1 and miscibility of 2 nonhydrophobic and hydrophobic fractions
Karamoko, Gaoussou; Renaville, Robert ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg

in International Dairy Journal (in press)

Surface properties of a nonhydrophobic fraction of proteose-peptone (NHFPP) and a hydrophobic fraction of proteose-peptone (HFPP), obtained by hydrophobic-interaction chromatography, were investigated ... [more ▼]

Surface properties of a nonhydrophobic fraction of proteose-peptone (NHFPP) and a hydrophobic fraction of proteose-peptone (HFPP), obtained by hydrophobic-interaction chromatography, were investigated. Adsorption of NHFPP and HFPP on the surface activity of total proteose-peptone (TPP) followed a competitive mechanism, especially during the penetration phase and molecular rearrangements. Compression of mixed monolayers was used to study the miscibility of NHFPP and HFPP within TPP films. When NHFPP was mixed with HFPP, in a TPP film, both fractions were immiscible at the beginning of adsorption; they only became miscible when the polypeptide chains had moved from the surface to the aqueous phase, thus allowing a better organisation of proteins. The equation of excess free energy of compression was used to determine the interactions of NHFPP-HFPP within the TPP film through the mixed monolayer (thermodynamic properties); interactions between NHFPP and HFPP appeared less important than those that occurred between molecules within each fraction. [less ▲]

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See detailImplicit spoken words and motor sequences learning are impaired in children with Specific Language Impairment
Desmottes, Lise ULg; Meulemans, Thierry ULg; Maillart, Christelle ULg

in Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (in press)

Objective. This study aims to compare verbal and motor implicit sequence learning abilities in children with and without Specific Language Impairment (SLI). Methods. Forty-eight children (24 control and ... [more ▼]

Objective. This study aims to compare verbal and motor implicit sequence learning abilities in children with and without Specific Language Impairment (SLI). Methods. Forty-eight children (24 control and 24 SLI) were administered the Serial Search Task (SST), which enables the simultaneous assessment of implicit spoken words and visuomotor sequences learning. Results. Results showed that control children implicitly learned both the spoken words as well as the motor sequences. In contrast, children with SLI showed deficits in both types of learning. Moreover, correlational analyses revealed that SST performance was linked with grammatical abilities in control children but with lexical abilities in children with SLI. Conclusion. Overall, this pattern of results supports the procedural deficit hypothesis and suggests that domain general implicit sequence learning is impaired in SLI. [less ▲]

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See detailArtù italiano e iberico. Appunti in margine ai volumi VII e VIII di ALMA
Morato, Nicola ULg

in Revista de Literatura Medieval (in press), 28

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See detailCrop residue management in arable cropping systems under a temperate climate. Part 2: Soil physical properties and crop production. A review
Hiel, Marie-Pierre ULg; Chelin, Marie ULg; Parvin, Nargish ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment (in press)

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See detailHow can a steel structure survive to impact loading? Numerical and analytical investigations
Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Comeliau, Ludivine; Hoang, Van Long ULg et al

in Open Civil Engineering Journal (The) (in press)

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorism attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under exceptional events. For more than 10 years, the ... [more ▼]

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorism attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under exceptional events. For more than 10 years, the University of Liege is strongly involved in researches investigating the response of structures further to such exceptional events ([1] and [2]). The present paper gives a global overview on recent or ongoing developments performed at the University of Liege in the field of robustness of steel building structures subjected to impact loading leading to the loss of a column. The conducted studies are founded on a combination of experimental, numerical and analytical approaches with the final aim to propose simplified procedures useful for practitioners and allowing ensuring an appropriate level of robustness to structures for the considered scenario [less ▲]

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See detailLa traduction dans le domaine hagiographique médiolatin : l’apport de la linguistique quantitative
Philippart de Foy, Caroline ULg

in Rursus [en ligne], 9 (in press)

Au fil des siècles, le corpus latin des vitae sanctorum et des passiones martyrum s’est enrichi par l’introduction de nouveaux textes, par la réécriture et l’adaptation d’anciens remis au goût du jour ... [more ▼]

Au fil des siècles, le corpus latin des vitae sanctorum et des passiones martyrum s’est enrichi par l’introduction de nouveaux textes, par la réécriture et l’adaptation d’anciens remis au goût du jour, ainsi que par la traduction d’oeuvres issues du monde byzantin. Le phénomène de la réécriture hagiographique est bien connu et a fait l’objet de nombreux travaux. Celui de la traduction dans ce domaine reste en revanche peu exploité, tant il existe d’obstacles à son étude (absence de répertoire, manque d’éditions critiques, difficultés à identifier les traductions et les modèles grecs, etc.). Le présent travail propose une approche originale du phénomène, basée sur l’utilisation de la statistique linguistique. Cette approche consiste à étudier le latin utilisé par les traducteurs hagiographes pour rendre leur modèle grec et les techniques qu’ils ont adoptées pour le traduire en considérant les traductions non pas une à une, mais d’une manière comparative au moyen de l’analyse quantitative, dans le but de caractériser et de classer les traductions sur base de critères linguistiques, d’identifier et de qualifier des pratiques, des traditions localisées, des spécificités d’école ou de traducteur. La pratique de la traduction est examinée à travers un corpus de 35 textes représentatif des différentes phases de l’histoire de la traduction hagiographique latine au Moyen Âge et des différents foyers de traduction en Italie. Les analyses sont menées sur divers paramètres lexicaux et syntaxiques, en comparant d’abord le corpus, pris dans son ensemble, à un corpus de textes non traduits, puis en comparant entre eux les différents sous-corpus de traductions. Le premier type de comparaison (externe) a pour objectif de mettre en évidence les caractéristiques des traductions en général, le second (interne) de dégager les spécificités de chaque groupe de traductions. [less ▲]

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See detailMass-spectrometry-based method for screening of new peptide ligands for G-protein-coupled receptors
Cologna Takeno, Camila; Gilles, Nicolas; Echterbille, Julien ULg et al

in Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (in press)

G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) constitute the largest family of transmembrane proteins. Although implicated in almost all physiological processes in the human body, most of them remain unexploited ... [more ▼]

G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) constitute the largest family of transmembrane proteins. Although implicated in almost all physiological processes in the human body, most of them remain unexploited, mostly because of the lack of specific ligands. The objective of this work is to develop a new mass-spectrometry-based technique capable of identifying new peptide ligands for GPCRs. The strategy is based on the incubation of cellular membranes overexpressing GPCRs with a mixture of peptides that contains potential ligands. Peptide ligands bind to the receptors, whereas other peptides remain in the binding buffer. Bound peptides are eluted from membranes and directly detected, identified, and characterized by MALDI TOF–TOF. The results reveal the efficacy of the procedure for selecting a specific ligand of GPCRs in both simple and complex mixtures of peptides. This new approach may offer direct purification, identification, and characterization of the new ligand in a single workflow. The proposed method is labeling-free and, unlike radio-binding and other techniques, it does not require a previously known labeled ligand of the studied GPCR. All these properties greatly reduce the experimental constraints. Moreover, because it is not based on the principle of a competitive specific binding, this technique constitutes a new tool to discover new ligands not only for known GPCRs, but also for orphan GPCRs [less ▲]

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See detailLes Trois Trois Petits Cochons et le Grand Méchant Loup. La rencontre de deux archétypes
Jousten, Lison ULg

in La revue des lettres modernes (in press)

Image de la menace par excellence, le Grand Méchant Loup est un adversaire dont on ne compte plus les apparitions, notamment dans les fictions destinées au jeune public. Dans Les Trois Petits Cochons, qui ... [more ▼]

Image de la menace par excellence, le Grand Méchant Loup est un adversaire dont on ne compte plus les apparitions, notamment dans les fictions destinées au jeune public. Dans Les Trois Petits Cochons, qui s’impose comme cas d’école parmi ces récits où surgit l’animal redouté, le loup devient l’ennemi du cochon, une créature traditionnellement associée à l’enfance. Ce tandem, qui repose sur un principe général d’opposition, brasse avec lui une série de représentations qui transparaissent en filigrane. Le détour opéré par l’histoire culturelle du cochon et quelques-uns de ses prolongements cinématographiques permet de dessiner progressivement les contours de la place occupée par le loup dans ce conte. [less ▲]

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See detailValidity and reliability of the French translation of the VISA-A questionnaire for Achilles tendinopathy
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Delvaux, François ULg; Oppong-Kyei, Julian et al

in Disability & Rehabilitation (in press)

Purpose The Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment – Achilles tendinopathy questionnaire (VISA-A) evaluates the clinical severity of Achilles tendinopathy. The aim of this study was to translate the VISA ... [more ▼]

Purpose The Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment – Achilles tendinopathy questionnaire (VISA-A) evaluates the clinical severity of Achilles tendinopathy. The aim of this study was to translate the VISA-A into French and to study the reliability and validity of this French version, the VISA-AF. Method The VISA-A was translated into French to produce the VISA-AF using a validated methodology in six steps. Thereafter, several psychometric properties of this French version such as test–retest reliability, internal consistency, construct validity and floor and ceiling effects were evaluated. Therefore, we recruited 116 subjects, distributed into 3 groups: pathological patients (n¼31), at-risk athletes (n¼63) and healthy people (n¼22). Results The final version of the VISAAF was approved by an expert committee. On a scale ranging from 0 to 100, the average scores of the VISA-AF obtained were 59 (± 18) for the pathological group, 99 (± 1) for the healthy group and 94 (± 7) for the at-risk group. The VISA-AF shows excellent reliability, low correlations with the discriminant subscales of the SF-36 and moderate correlations with the convergent subscales of the SF-36. Conclusions The French version of the VISA-A is equivalent to its original version and is a reliable and valid questionnaire for French-speaking patients with Achilles tendinopathy. [less ▲]

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See detailIs it possible to improve communication around radiotherapy delivery: A randomized study to assess the efficacy of team training?
Liénard, Aurore; Delevallez, France; Razavi, Darius et al

in Radiotherapy & Oncology (in press)

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See detailThe Sensitivity of Children with SLI to Phonotactic Probabilities During Lexical Access
Quémart, Pauline; Maillart, Christelle ULg

in Journal of Communication Disorders (in press)

The procedural deficit hypothesis (Ullman & Pierpont, 2005) has been proposed to account for the combination of linguistic and nonlinguistic deficits observed in specific language impairment (SLI ... [more ▼]

The procedural deficit hypothesis (Ullman & Pierpont, 2005) has been proposed to account for the combination of linguistic and nonlinguistic deficits observed in specific language impairment (SLI). According to this proposal, SLI results from a deficit in procedural memory that prevents children from developing sensitivity to probabilistic sequences. We tested the ability of children with SLI to rely on a specific type of probabilities characterizing sequences that occur in a given language: phonotactic probabilities. Twenty French-speaking children with SLI (M = 10;1), 20 typically developing children matched for chronological age (M = 10;0) and 20 typically developing children matched for receptive vocabulary (M = 7;4) performed an auditory lexical decision task. Pseudoword stimuli were built with combinations of either frequently associated phonemes (high phonotactic probability) or infrequently associated phonemes (low phonotactic probability). Phonotactic probabilities had a significant impact on the accuracy and speed of pseudoword rejection in children with SLI, but not in the two control groups. SLI children's greater reliance on phonotactic probabilities relative to typically developing children appears to contradict the PD hypothesis. Phonotactic probabilities may help them to partially overcome their difficulties in accessing the phonological lexicon during spoken word recognition. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential of copper-tolerant grasses to implement phytostabilisation strategies on polluted soils in South D. R. Congo: Poaceae candidates for phytostabilisation
Boisson, Sylvain ULg; Le Stradic, Soizig ULg; Collignon, Julien et al

in Environmental Science and Pollution Research (in press)

Phytostabilisation (i.e. using plants to immobilise contaminants) represents a well-known technology to hamper heavy metal spread across landscapes. In Katanga (D. R. Congo), Microchloa altera, a tolerant ... [more ▼]

Phytostabilisation (i.e. using plants to immobilise contaminants) represents a well-known technology to hamper heavy metal spread across landscapes. In Katanga (D. R. Congo), Microchloa altera, a tolerant grass from the copper hills, was recently identified as a candidate species to stabilise copper in the soil. More than 50 grasses compose this flora, which may be studied to implement phytostabilisation strategies. However, little is known about their phenology, tolerance, reproductive strategy or demography. The present study aims to characterize the other Poaceae that may be used in phytostabilisation purposes based on the following criteria: their ecological distribution, seed production at two times, abundance, soil coverage and the germination percentage of their seeds. We selected seven perennial Poaceae that occur on the copper hills. Their ecological distributions (i.e. species response curves) have been modelled along copper or cobalt gradients with generalized additive models using logic link based on 172 presence/absence samples on three sites. For other variables, a total of 69 quadrats (1 m2) were randomly placed across three sites and habitats. For each species, we compared the number of inflorescence-bearing stems (IBS) by plot, the percentage of cover, the number of seeds by IBS and the estimated number of seeds by plot between sites and habitat. Three species (Andropogon schirensis, Eragrostis racemosa and Loudetia simplex) were very interesting for phytostabilisation programs. They produced a large quantity of seeds and had the highest percentage of cover. However, A. schirensis and L. simplex presented significant variations in the number of seeds and the percentage of cover according to site. [less ▲]

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See detailTemporal habitat shift of a polymorphic newt species under predation risk
Winandy, Laurane ULg; Colin, Mélanie; Denoël, Mathieu ULg

in Behavioral Ecology (in press)

The temporal partitioning hypothesis suggests that the evolution of different diel activity rhythms in animals might facilitate the coexistence between prey and predators. However, the temporal shift of ... [more ▼]

The temporal partitioning hypothesis suggests that the evolution of different diel activity rhythms in animals might facilitate the coexistence between prey and predators. However, the temporal shift of habitat use induced by predation has rarely been observed. The study of such a mechanism is particularly relevant for introduced species because it might explain how native species can persist or decline in response to the presence of alien species. The introduction of fish into ponds inhabited by amphibians has severe consequences for their occurrence and abundance. Fish particularly affect an alternative newt phenotype, the paedomorph, which does not undergo metamorphosis and maintains larval traits such as gills at the adult stage. In a laboratory design, we assessed the diel patterns of habitat use in the 2 distinct morphological phenotypes of palmate newt (Lissotriton helveticus) in the presence or absence of goldfish (Carassius auratus). Both newt phenotypes avoided a risky habitat more in the presence than in the absence of fish. This habitat shift was more pronounced during the daytime (i.e., when the risk could be considered higher for the newts) than during nighttime. However, in contrast to metamorphs, paedomorphs showed less adaptive changes according to temporal risk and remained in their shelter for most of the time. Temporal and habitat partitioning at the diel scale between native and alien species might promote their coexistence, but diel change can also imply a cost in the overall reduction of the time allocated to essential activities, showing that species interactions remain complex. [less ▲]

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See detailAutomatic learning of fine operating rules for online power system security control
Sun, Hongbin; Zhao, Feng; Wang, Huifang et al

in IEEE Transactions on Neural networks and learning systems (in press)

Fine operating rules for security control and an automatic system for their online discovery were developed to adapt to the development of smart grids. The automatic system uses the real-time system state ... [more ▼]

Fine operating rules for security control and an automatic system for their online discovery were developed to adapt to the development of smart grids. The automatic system uses the real-time system state to determine critical flowgates, and then a continuation power flow-based security analysis is used to compute the initial transfer capability of critical flowgates. Next, the system applies the Monte Carlo simulations to expected short-term operating condition changes, feature selection, and a linear least squares fitting of the fine operating rules. The proposed system was validated both on an academic test system and on a provincial power system in China. The results indicated that the derived rules provide accuracy and good interpretability and are suitable for real-time power system security control. The use of high-performance computing systems enables these fine operating rules to be refreshed online every 15 min. [less ▲]

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See detailAn estimated glomerular filtration rate equation for the full age spectrum
Pottel, H; Hoste, L; Dubourg, L et al

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation (in press)

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See detailShort-term effects of tillage practices and crop residue exportation on earthworm communities and soil physico-chemical properties in silt loam arable soil (Belgium)
Lemtiri, Aboulkacem ULg; Colinet, Gilles ULg; Alabi, Taofic ULg et al

in Soil & Tillage Research (in press)

Earthworms are known to play integral roles in soils, and are often referred to as vital soil and ecosystem engineers. They have the ability to influence a wide range of chemical, physical, and biological ... [more ▼]

Earthworms are known to play integral roles in soils, and are often referred to as vital soil and ecosystem engineers. They have the ability to influence a wide range of chemical, physical, and biological properties of soil environment. In the present study, earthworm and soil samples were collected from wheat cultivated fields in Gembloux, Belgium under four agricultural practices: (1) conventional tillage with crop residues incorporated into the soil (CT/IN); (2) conventional tillage with crop residues exported from the field (CT/OUT); (3) reduced tillage with crop residues incorporated into the soil (RT/IN); and (4) reduced tillage with crop residues exported from the field (RT/OUT). The different agricultural practices were applied on luvisol soil for four consecutive years prior to the initiation of the current study. The purpose of this study was to research the influence of agricultural practices on earthworms with considering species and their interactions with soil properties. Results indicated that agricultural practices affected soil properties and earthworm communities. For each depth, measures of soil physico-chemical properties showed significant differences among treatments. The penetration resistance (PR) measured to a depth of 50 cm increased with increasing soil depth in all treatments. PR was significantly higher in RT compared with CT. Soil moisture was measured before PR determination. Soil samples showed higher P and K concentrations in 0 – 10 cm depth compared with other depths. The main reason for the large K and P accumulation near the soil surface is the incorporation of crop residues. Significant differences were not detected between residue incorporation depth treatments, where results showed mean earthworm abundance was respectively 182 and 180 individuals m-2 in CT and RT. Mean earthworm biomass was similarly not significantly different between CT and RT, where results were respectively 48.5 and 57.3 g.m-2. However, a significant difference was observed between IN and OUT treatments, suggesting the exportation of crop residues will limit earthworm abundance and biomass, and will mask the effect of tillage. The endogeic species Apporectodea caliginosa strongly dominated the earthworm community (64%), whereas epigeic and anecic species remained < 3% and 5% of all earthworms. Findings indicate that endogeic and epi-anecic groups appears to be highly affected by tillage practice and the exportation of crop residues. Consequently, it seems that the effect of residue exportation was stronger than tillage effect. In compacted soils, L. terrestris, L. castaneus and A. caliginosa species showed an increased abundance. The obtained results were attributable to earthworm activity and crop residues, suggesting earthworms contributed to nutrient dynamics and soil structure, particularly at increased soil depths. Overall, the results emphasise the influence of crop residues exportation on earthworm community and also, the important influence of earthworm activity on soil physico-chemical properties change, processes which are closely linked. [less ▲]

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See detailEnjeux politiques et critiques d'une philosophie des normes
Caeymaex, Florence ULg; Pieron, Julien ULg

in Dissensus (in press)

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See detailPoplar-root-knot nematode interaction: a model for perennial woody species
Baldacci-Cresp, Fabien; Sacre, Pierre-Yves ULg; Twyffels, Laure et al

in Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions [=MPMI] (in press)

Plant root-knot nematode interaction studies are performed on several host plant models. However, even though root-knot nematodes interact with trees, no perennial woody model has been explored so far. We ... [more ▼]

Plant root-knot nematode interaction studies are performed on several host plant models. However, even though root-knot nematodes interact with trees, no perennial woody model has been explored so far. We show here that poplar (Populus tremula x Populus alba) grown in vitro is susceptible to Meloidogyne incognita as this nematode is able to penetrate, to induce feeding sites and to reproduce in poplar roots. As analyzed by Raman spectromicroscopy, the cell walls of the giant cells, with typical characteristics of transfer cell walls, were not lignified and were composed mainly of pectin and cellulose. To better depict the poplar-nematode interaction at the molecular level, a quantitative RT-PCR analysis was performed to study changes in poplar gene expression in galls compared to non-infected roots. Three marker genes, reported for other plant hosts, including expansin A, histone 3.1 and asparagine synthase, were conserved for poplar-nematode interaction. In addition, the down-regulation of four genes coding for enzymes of the lignin biosynthesis pathway was evidenced in galls, suggesting a modification in lignin composition within galls developed in poplar roots. Together, this study shows that poplar is a suitable model host for specific traits of tree-nematode interaction. [less ▲]

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See detailArrêts sur images – usages et pratiques du photogramme
Thonon, Jonathan ULg

in MethIS : Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (in press)

Le photogramme est, au cinéma, la plus petite unité de prise de vue. Image fixe, unité élémentaire du film, le photogramme forme la cellule figée d’un mouvement qui se reconstitue sous l’effet d’un ... [more ▼]

Le photogramme est, au cinéma, la plus petite unité de prise de vue. Image fixe, unité élémentaire du film, le photogramme forme la cellule figée d’un mouvement qui se reconstitue sous l’effet d’un défilement réglé (24 photogrammes/seconde) par le dispositif technique du cinéma. Image paradoxale en ce qu’elle reste invisible au spectateur malgré sa force iconique, le photogramme trouve cependant, dans le flux qui le conduit insensiblement à la disparition, certaines zones de visibilité qui en révèlent le caractère à la fois fragile et intensif. Nous allons donc envisager certaines pratiques ou certains usages du photogramme cinématographique, tout en essayant de dégager, au départ de ces pratiques, les éléments d’une théorie du photogramme, que Roland Barthes et Sylvie Pierre appelaient déjà de leurs vœux. Des protos-photogrammes et de leur usage scientifique chez Muybridge et Marey, aux usages artistiques contemporains, en passant par des pratiques publicitaires, promotionnelles ou analytiques, nous allons voir que le photogramme reste un objet singulier. [less ▲]

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See detailAre neural crest stem cells the missing link between hematopoietic and neurogenic niches?
Coste, Cécile ULg; Neirinckx, Virginie ULg; Gothot, André ULg et al

in Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (8 ULg)