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See detailBase de la Politique Agricole Commune
Burny, Philippe ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (1995)

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See detailThe base for direct taxation: commentary
Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Banks, J.; Diamond, P.; Mirrlees, J. (Eds.) The tax base for direct taxation (2008)

The chapter of J. Banks, P. Diamond and J. Mirrlees (BDM) presents an excellent survey of the existing literature on optimal taxation and discusses a number of lessons that can be drawn from that ... [more ▼]

The chapter of J. Banks, P. Diamond and J. Mirrlees (BDM) presents an excellent survey of the existing literature on optimal taxation and discusses a number of lessons that can be drawn from that literature. One of the main lessons on which their chapter focuses concerns the treatment of capital income. The authors argue that the finding that the optimal income tax schedule should not include tax on capital is based on too many restrictions, and is thus not robust for policy purposes. Another lesson is that taxation should vary with age. Not having any quarrel with these two points, I would like in this comment to discuss a number of points too quickly dealt with or deliberately neglected by BDM. They concern the issue of tagging, the problem raised by having more than one unobservable characteristic (besides ability), the issue of myopia and prodigality, the question of equal opportunities, the taxation of couples and the threat of tax competition [less ▲]

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See detailBase plate in bending and anchor bolts in tension
Wald, F.; Sokil, Z.; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Heron (2008), 53(1/2),

This paper describes the behaviour of the base plate in bending and the anchor bolts in tension, which are the major components of a base plate connection. An analytical model has been derived to predict ... [more ▼]

This paper describes the behaviour of the base plate in bending and the anchor bolts in tension, which are the major components of a base plate connection. An analytical model has been derived to predict the component characteristics – the resistance and the stiffness. A description is given of how the behaviour is influenced by contact between the base plate and the concrete surface. The presented analytical model has been verified by tests and a finite element simulation. [less ▲]

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See detailBase-dependent electron photodetachment from negatively charged DNA strands upon 260-nm laser irradiation
Gabelica, Valérie ULg; Rosu, Frédéric ULg; Tabarin, Thibault et al

in Journal of the American Chemical Society (2007), 129(15), 4706-4713

DNA multiply charged anions stored in a quadrupole ion trap undergo one-photon electron ejection (oxidation) when subjected to laser irradiation at 260 nm (4.77 eV). Electron photodetachment is likely a ... [more ▼]

DNA multiply charged anions stored in a quadrupole ion trap undergo one-photon electron ejection (oxidation) when subjected to laser irradiation at 260 nm (4.77 eV). Electron photodetachment is likely a fast process, given that photodetachment is able to compete with internal conversion or radiative relaxation to the ground state. The DNA [6-mer](3-) ions studied here show a marked sequence dependence of electron photodetachment yield. Remarkably, the photodetachment yield (dG(6) > dA(6) > dC(6) > dT(6)) is inversely correlated with the base ionization potentials (G < A < C < T). Sequences with guanine runs show increased photodetachment yield as the number of guanine increases, in line with the fact that positive holes are the most stable in guanine runs. This correlation between photodetachment yield and the stability of the base radical may be explained by tunneling of the electron through the repulsive Coulomb barrier. Theoretical calculations on dinucleotide monophosphates show that the HOMO and HOMO-1 orbitals are localized on the bases. The wavelength dependence of electron detachment yield was studied for dG(6)(3-). Maximum electron photodetachment is observed in the wavelength range corresponding to base absorption (260-270 nm). This demonstrates the feasibility of gas-phase UV spectroscopy on large DNA anions. The calculations and the wavelength dependence suggest that the electron photodetachment is initiated at the bases and not at the phosphates. This also indicates that, although direct photodetachment could also occur, autodetachment from excited states, presumably corresponding to base excitation, is the dominant process at 260 nm. Excited-state dynamics of large DNA strands still remains largely unexplored, and photo-oxidation studies on trapped DNA multiply charged anions can help in bridging the gap between gas-phase studies on isolated bases or base pairs and solution-phase studies on full DNA strands. [less ▲]

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See detailBaseline brain activity fluctuations predict somatosensory perception in humans
Boly, Mélanie ULg; Balteau, Evelyne ULg; Schnakers, Caroline ULg et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2007), 104(29), 12187-12192

In perceptual experiments, within-individual fluctuations in perception are observed across multiple presentations of the same stimuli, a phenomenon that remains only partially understood. Here, by means ... [more ▼]

In perceptual experiments, within-individual fluctuations in perception are observed across multiple presentations of the same stimuli, a phenomenon that remains only partially understood. Here, by means of thulium-yttrium/aluminum- garnet laser and event-related functional MRI, we tested whether variability in perception of identical stimuli relates to differences in prestimulus, baseline brain activity. Results indicate a positive relationship between conscious perception of low-intensity somatosensory stimuli and immediately preceding levels of baseline activity in medial thalamus and the lateral frontoparietal network, respectively, which are thought to relate to vigilance and "external monitoring." Conversely, there was a negative correlation between subsequent reporting of conscious perception and baseline activity in a set of regions encompassing posterior cingulate/ precuneus and temporoparietal cortices, possibly relating to introspection and self-oriented processes. At nociceptive levels of stimulation, pain-intensity ratings positively correlated with baseline fluctuations in anterior cingulate cortex in an area known to be involved in the affective dimension of pain. These results suggest that baseline brain-activity fluctuations may profoundly modify our conscious perception of the external world. [less ▲]

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See detailBaseline data on cyanobacterial diversity near the new Princess Elizabeth Antarctic research station.
Fernandez Carazo, Rafael ULg; Namsaraev, Zorigto; Ertz, Damien et al

Poster (2009, July 27)

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See detailBaseline health-related quality-of-life data as prognostic factors in a phase III multicentre study of women with metastatic breast cancer
Efficace, F.; Biganzoli, L.; Piccart, M. et al

in European Journal of Cancer (2004), 40(7), 1021-1030

The potential value of baseline health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) and clinical factors in predicting prognosis was examined using data from an international randomised phase III trial which compared ... [more ▼]

The potential value of baseline health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) and clinical factors in predicting prognosis was examined using data from an international randomised phase III trial which compared doxorubicin and paclitaxel with doxorubicin and cylophosphamide as first line chemotherapy in 275 women with metastatic breast cancer. The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 and the related breast module (QLQ-BR23) were used to assess baseline HRQOL data. The Cox proportional-hazards regression model was used for both univariate and multivariate analyses of survival. In the univariate analyses, performance status (P < 0.001) and number of sites involved (P = 0.001) were the most important clinical prognostic factors. The HRQOL variables at baseline most strongly associated with longer survival were better appetite, physical and role functioning, as well as less fatigue (P < 0.001). The final multivariate model retained performance status (P < 0.001) and appetite loss (P = 0.005) as the variables best predicting survival. Substantial loss of appetite was the only independent HRQOL factor predicting poor survival and was strongly correlated (\r\ > 0.5) with fatigue, role and physical functioning. In addition to known clinical factors, appetite loss appears to be a significant prognostic factor for survival in women with metastatic breast cancer. However, the mechanism underlying this association remains to be precisely defined in future studies. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailBaseline inflammation is not predictive of periprocedural troponin elevation after elective percutaneous coronary intervention.
Gach, Olivier ULg; Louis, Olivier ULg; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Heart & Vessels (2009), 24(4), 267-70

High-sensitivity C-reactive protein predicts future cardiovascular events in both healthy individuals and patients with unstable and stable coronary syndromes. Few data are available about the incidence ... [more ▼]

High-sensitivity C-reactive protein predicts future cardiovascular events in both healthy individuals and patients with unstable and stable coronary syndromes. Few data are available about the incidence and the relation to inflammation of troponin elevation following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), a potential predictor of longterm outcome. We sought to confirm the impact of embolization on long-term outcome and evaluate the ability of baseline inflammation to predict troponin elevation induced by PCI. We prospectively analyzed 200 patients treated by PCI for stable or Braunwald IIA class unstable angina. The patients were recruited between January 1997 and May 1999, and the population was followed during a mean follow-up of 32 months. Major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) were defined as the occurrence of death, myocardial infarction or recurrent angina requiring repeat PCI, or coronary artery bypass grafting. During the follow-up period, 58 MACEs were observed. By multivariate analysis, independent predictors for the occurrence of MACEs were unstable angina and troponin I level after PCI (P < 0.0001 for both). No correlation was found between baseline inflammation and significant troponin I elevation post PCI and by multivariate analysis, no biological variable was a predictor of troponin I elevation post PCI. Baseline inflammation cannot predict onset of minor myonecrosis damage (expressed by troponin elevation) induced by PCI, a significant predictor of long-term outcome in this setting. [less ▲]

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See detailBaseline measurement of urine pyridinoline and deoxypyridinoline is correlated with 3-year hip osteoarthritis progression
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; COLLETTE, Julien ULg; Lejeune, Eric ULg et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2002, September), 46(number 9 (suppl.)), 149

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See detailBaseline study of perfluorochemicals in harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) from Northern Europe
Van de Vijver, Kristin Inneke; Hoff, P. T.; Das, Krishna ULg et al

in Marine Pollution Bulletin (2004), 48(9-10), 992-997

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See detailBasement Membrane Components (Matrigel) Promote the Tumorigenicity of Human Breast Adenocarcinoma Mcf7 Cells and Provide an in Vivo Model to Assess the Responsiveness of Cells to Estrogen
Noël, Agnès ULg; Simon, N.; Raus, J. et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (1992), 43(6), 1263-7

The ability to transplant human tumors into athymic nude mice allows studies of tumor cells in vivo. However, after s.c. injection the incidence of tumor and metastases in nude mice is frequently low. We ... [more ▼]

The ability to transplant human tumors into athymic nude mice allows studies of tumor cells in vivo. However, after s.c. injection the incidence of tumor and metastases in nude mice is frequently low. We have studied the tumorigenicity in nude mice of estradiol (E2)-sensitive breast adenocarcinoma MCF7 cells. Matrigel, an extract of basement membrane proteins, induces rapid tumor development after s.c. injection of MCF7 cells. In the absence of this matrice, MCF7 cells failed to induce tumor growth. In this in vivo model, MCF7 cells were analysed for their E2 sensitivity. Two weeks after inoculation in the presence of matrigel, cells formed growing tumors in intact mice supplemented with E2. In ovariectomized or untreated mice, tumor appearance was delayed and the growth level was very low. Thus, MCF7 cells formed tumors in the absence of E2 but retained in vivo their responsiveness to estrogen. Growing human tumors in nude mice provides a rapid and useful model for testing the sensitivity of cells to hormone. [less ▲]

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See detailBasement membrane components and galactosylhydroxylysyl glucosyltransferase in suction blisters of human skin.
Oikarinen, A.; Savolainen, E. R.; Tryggvason, K. et al

in British Journal of Dermatology (1982), 106(3), 257-66

Basement membrane components and collagen biosynthesis were studied in suction blisters in human skin. The basement membrane components were characterized by immunofluorescence using specific antibodies ... [more ▼]

Basement membrane components and collagen biosynthesis were studied in suction blisters in human skin. The basement membrane components were characterized by immunofluorescence using specific antibodies to type IV collagen, laminin and fibronectin, and collagen biosynthesis was studied by assaying galactosylhydroxylysyl glucosylatransferase. In suction blisters, the separation of epidermis and dermis occurred above the lamina lucida, indicating that the basement membrane, composed of lamina lucida and lamina densa, forms a mechanically strong entity. During the regeneration phase of blisters, type Iv collagen and laminin were not observed in the old epidermal blister roof. This indicates that keratinocytes when separated from the underlying basement membrane or connective tissue do not synthesize laminin or type IV collagen. Galactosylhydroxylysyl glucosyltransferase activity could be demonstrated in blister fluid and was about the same as in serum when expressed on the basis of protein in fresh blisters. It increased by 2-3 fold during the repair of blisters, indicating that there was local production of this enzyme. Further studies revealed that pure epidermis contained galactosylyhdroxylysyl glucosyltransferase and hydroxyprolineand this suggests that epidermis may synthesize some collagen type which, according to these studies, is not type IV (basement memebrane) collagen. [less ▲]

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See detailBasement membrane in differentiating mesonephric and paramesonephric ducts of male and female rat fetuses.
Paranko, J.; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg; Pelliniemi, L. J.

in Differentiation : Research in Biological Diversity (1985), 29(1), 39-49

The differentiation of male and female rat genital ducts and their basement membranes were studied by light- and electron-microscopic localization of type-IV and -V collagen, laminin, and heparan sulfate ... [more ▼]

The differentiation of male and female rat genital ducts and their basement membranes were studied by light- and electron-microscopic localization of type-IV and -V collagen, laminin, and heparan sulfate proteoglycan at the fetal ages of 15-21 days. At 15 days, the basement membrane of the mesonephric duct was continuous in both sexes, whereas on the medial side of the paramesonephric duct, it was incomplete. The male mesonephric duct remained enveloped by a continuous basement membrane. Increasing accumulation of basement-membrane material in the periductal mesenchyme was regarded as incipient epididymal differentiation. Local expansions and slow degradation of the basement membrane were noted in the regressing female mesonephric duct. The female paramesonephric duct had acquired a continuous basement membrane by the age of 16 days. At this age, the incomplete basement membrane in the medial side of the male paramesonephric duct disappeared, and breaks in the lateral portion appeared. The formation of epitheliomesenchymal contacts and basal cytoplasmic blebs in the epithelial cells of the regressing paramesonephric duct coincided with the disappearance of the basement-membrane material in the condensed periductal mesenchyme. The asymmetric regression of the male paramesonephric duct was initiated in the immature medial side. The changes in the periductal matrix are indications of basic differences in the regulation of the development and regression of the genital ducts in different sexes. [less ▲]

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See detailThe basement membrane proteins laminin and type IV collagen in isolated villi in pre-eclampsia
Risteli, J.; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg; Risteli, L. et al

in Placenta (1984), 5(6), 541-50

The distribution and concentrations of the basement membrane proteins laminin and type IV collagen were studied in isolated placental villi in normal pregnancy and in pre-eclampsia. In both cases these ... [more ▼]

The distribution and concentrations of the basement membrane proteins laminin and type IV collagen were studied in isolated placental villi in normal pregnancy and in pre-eclampsia. In both cases these proteins could be localized by immunofluorescence in the trophoblast and capillary basement membranes, and occasionally also in the matrix surrounding the capillaries. The basement membrane proteins were quantified by solubilizing the villi with proteolytic enzymes and by subsequently measuring the concentrations of two resistant domains of these proteins (7-S collagen and the fragment PI, representing type IV collagen and laminin, respectively) with specific radioimmunoassays. The ratio type IV collagen:laminin was significantly higher in pre-eclamptic samples than in the controls, most probably reflecting a decrease in laminin concentration in the villi in pre-eclampsia. Such a change in the chemical composition of placental basement membranes could weaken the attachment of trophoblast cells to the underlying basement membrane and also modify the permeability and exchange properties of the villi. [less ▲]

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