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See detailBases neurobiologiques des comportements d’alcoolisation: implication des acides aminés neuro-excitateurs et neuro-inhibiteurs
Quertemont, Etienne ULg

Doctoral thesis (1999)

Les théories traditionnelles qui essaient d’expliquer le phénomène d’addiction rencontrent généralement de grandes difficultés à rendre compte de deux particularités importantes de cet état de ... [more ▼]

Les théories traditionnelles qui essaient d’expliquer le phénomène d’addiction rencontrent généralement de grandes difficultés à rendre compte de deux particularités importantes de cet état de pharmacodépendance: le caractère compulsif de la consommation de drogue et la très grande fréquence des rechutes parfois très longtemps après le sevrage. Les théories de l’apprentissage par conditionnement apportent une solution originale à ces questions non résolues. En effet, de nombreuses expériences animales ont démontré que des stimuli environnementaux associés de manière répétée à l’administration de ces drogues peuvent acquérir le statut de stimuli conditionnés capables d’induire à eux seuls certains effets physiologiques et comportementaux spécifiques. On a de plus suggéré que ces réponses conditionnées sont responsables du déclenchement des comportements compulsifs de recherche de drogue et participent dès lors aux rechutes dans sa consommation incontrôlée. Parmi les drogues addictives, l’alcool est probablement la substance la plus difficile à étudier. En effet, sa simplicité moléculaire lui permet paradoxalement d’affecter tous les systèmes de neurotransmission cérébrale. Il est donc difficile d’identifier clairement les bases neurochimiques des différents effets psychotropes de l’alcool. D’autre part, la littérature scientifique confirme également le rôle des apprentissages par conditionnement dans le maintien de la consommation d’alcool et dans l’alcoolodépendance. Bien que l’importance des réponses conditionnées à l’éthanol est maintenant reconnue, les bases neurochimiques de ces effets conditionnés sont encore méconnues. Le présent travail est donc destiné à faire le point sur les connaissances actuelles des bases neurochimiques et comportementales de la consommation d’alcool et de l’addiction alcoolique. Plus particulièrement les neurotransmetteurs acides aminés ont fait l’objet d’investigations expérimentales destinées à élucider leur rôle dans les effets conditionnés à l’éthanol. [less ▲]

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See detailBases neurobiologiques et psychopharmacologiques
Scuvée-Moreau, Jacqueline ULg; Seutin, Vincent ULg; Van den Berghe, Marc

in Dierick, Michel; Ansseau, Marc; D'Haenen, Hugo (Eds.) et al Manuel de Psychopharmacothérapie (2003)

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See detailBASES NEUROENDOCRINES DU STRESS: du combat ou la fuite, au Syndrome de Cushing.
VALDES SOCIN, Hernan Gonzalo ULg

Scientific conference (2014, March 12)

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See detailBases physiologiques et champs d’application des progestagènes en reproduction bovine
Hanzen, Christian ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2008)

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See detailBases physiopathologiques de la nutrition de l'enfant
Battisti, Oreste ULg

Learning material (2012)

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See detailBases scientifiques du traitement physique de la gonarthrose
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in KINE 2000 (2000), 11(4), 86-94

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See detailBasic Abstractions for an Autonomic Network Architecture
Jelger, Christophe; Tschudin, Christian; Schmid, Stefan et al

in First IEEE Workshop on Autonomic and Opportunistic Communications (2007, June)

The ANA (Autonomic Network Architecture) project aims at providing a framework to flexibly host, interconnect, and federate multiple heterogeneous networks in an autonomic way, i.e. without requiring ... [more ▼]

The ANA (Autonomic Network Architecture) project aims at providing a framework to flexibly host, interconnect, and federate multiple heterogeneous networks in an autonomic way, i.e. without requiring active human intervention. The guiding design principle is to strive for a maximum degree of flexibility at all levels of the architecture in order to inherently support heterogeneity and evolution. This paper describes the core abstractions and concepts of ANA (as defined during the first year of the project) and introduces their basic operation and interaction. While not autonomic themselves, the core architectural principles of ANA will enable autonomicity by not imposing a "one-size-fits-all" approach where protocols and paradigms are fixed by the architecture. We indeed argue that only the capacity of the network to be polyfunctional and fully adaptable will justify the label ' autonomic'. A prototype ofANA is currently being developed and will be released in 2008: the goal is to demonstrate the feasibility of autonomic networking within the 4 years of the project. [less ▲]

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See detailBasic characteristics of low-cost houses in order to reduce the energy consumption for heating - Link programme - Coordination and consequences for the architectural (synthesis)
Dupagne, Albert ULg; Hauglustaine, Jean-Marie ULg; Laret, Louis

in Energy R&D Programme of the Commission of the European Communities (Ed.) Energy Conservation in Buildings - Heating, Ventilation and Insulation (1982, May 07)

The first research undertaken for the Commission of the European Communities has led to a first manual version of a design methodology, mainly orientated to the conception of low-cost houses, integrating ... [more ▼]

The first research undertaken for the Commission of the European Communities has led to a first manual version of a design methodology, mainly orientated to the conception of low-cost houses, integrating the fundamental thermal concepts into the design process without any use of sophisticated technology. The work to be carried out in the present project will concern: - the verification of the efficiency of the design methodology by its practical application on the design of a few low-energy houses and the building of these houses ; - an experimental study, which will check the first evaluations given by the application of the design methodology ; - the development of the lacunas so discovered in the design methodology ; - the achievement of a conversational computerized version of the design methodology ; - in the monitoring of the houses, the analysis of the internal partitioning and of the usable fraction of the building thermal inertia. The final product of this research project will contain a revised version of the manual design guide and its computerized version ; the energy savings actually obtained will be described, with a complete analysis of the resulting global economical cost ; the perspectives of energy savings in the low-cost houses sector will be assumed. [less ▲]

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See detailA Basic Comparison of Heap-Sort and Quick-Sort Algorithms
Merciadri, Luca ULg

E-print/Working paper (2009)

We summarize here the biggest differences between Heap-sort and Quick-sort algorithms, two useful algorithms for array sorting.

Detailed reference viewed: 135 (22 ULg)
See detailBasic concepts and approaches in social cognition
Leyens, J.; Dardenne, Benoît ULg

in Hewstone, M. (Ed.) Introduction to social psychology (1996)

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See detailBasic Emotion Recognition and Psychopathology in Schizophrenia
Laroi, Frank ULg; Fonteneau, Benjamin; Mourad, Haitham et al

in Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease (2010), 198(1), 79-81

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See detailBasic Instrumentation for GCxGC
Semard, Gaëlle; Adahchour, Mohamed; Focant, Jean-François ULg

in Ramos, Loudes (Ed.) Comprehensive Two Dimensional Gas Chromatography (2009)

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Peer Reviewed
See detailBasic issues in the finite element simulation of extended endplate connections
Bursi, O.; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Computers & Structures (1998), 69

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (1 ULg)