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See detailBelgian Immigration Policy
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Turton, D.; Gonzales, J. (Eds.) Immigration in Europe. Issues, Policies and Case Studies (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailBelgian International Law Lawyers and WWI. Cosmopolitanism of an Elite, Globalization of a Country (Montreal International Colloquium, March 2014)
Genin, Vincent ULg

Conference (2014, March 26)

Our doctoral research is conducted at the University of Liege, under the supervision of Professor Philippe Raxhon (Contemporary History). This work falls within the interuniversity and interdisciplinary ... [more ▼]

Our doctoral research is conducted at the University of Liege, under the supervision of Professor Philippe Raxhon (Contemporary History). This work falls within the interuniversity and interdisciplinary project “commemorating WWI” launched by the Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles (French Community), the Steering Group of which is led by Professor Laurence Van Ypersele (Université Catholique de Louvain). The research focuses on the following topic: Experiences and remembrance of Belgian jurists on issues of international law during the First World War (1914-1918). Belgium, that had been neutral since its independence in 1831, soon became an active reflection centre and a land of innovation for international law, as shown by the foundation of the Institute of International Law (IDI) in Ghent in 1873. Belgium’s neutrality was violated in August 1914 and its territory, the only one, was occupied at 90% by the Germans, putting the country in a unique position that encouraged its International Law experts to revise their practices in view of their experiences and their remembrance of war. As a matter of fact, between 1918 and 1940, they held a prominent position on a global scale (LN, etc.). How the field of these law experts, its practices, its networks (European/American) and its international influence (1873-1940) evolved as a result of WWI lies at the heart of our thesis. [less ▲]

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See detailBelgian IPY Symposium 'The contribution of Belgian research to the achievements of the International Polar Year 2007-9
Dehairs, Frank; Decleir, Hugo; De Broyer, Claude et al

Book published by Universa Press (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailBelgian Magdalenes. History of an aborted scandal?
Dumortier, Els; François, Aurore ULg

Conference (2012)

The analysis of cases of several Belgian juvenile courts (Antwerp, Brussels, Namur, Arlon) revealed questionable practices within some establishments for young delinquents. One institution in particular ... [more ▼]

The analysis of cases of several Belgian juvenile courts (Antwerp, Brussels, Namur, Arlon) revealed questionable practices within some establishments for young delinquents. One institution in particular (Refuge Sainte Madeleine, Brussels), specialized in the rehabilitation of delinquent (and often pregnant) girls, developed suspicious methods of treatment. Indications of dysfunction in this private institution are numerous, and present a lot of similarities with practices observed in Irish Magdalene Asylums: teenage girls employed in a laundry run by a religious congregation, unexplained « disappearances » of the children born to delinquent girls, very high death rates, complaints from minors themselves and from their families regarding forms of negligence and even abuse. This local example leads us to question the practices of the Belgian protection system, and more specifically, the ‘pedogical approach’ in Magdalena covents. How to describe and explain the ‘pedagogical approach’ implemented within these institutions? What is the daily life of the institutionalized girls taking into account their living conditions and implemented discipline? Who worked in these private institutions? Were they trained in modern techniques of rehabilitation, and if so, what principles and applications were associated with these techniques? What is the influence of the Belgian separation between public and private sector with the child protection system? This case also invites us to examine the tension between official discourse and practice and raises questions on gendered reactions within the Belgian system. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (2 ULg)
See detailThe Belgian Marine Mammal Biobank: a tool to stimulate tissue exchange
Jauniaux, Thierry ULg; De Cauwer, Karien; De Winter, Johan et al

in Annual report (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (3 ULg)
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See detailThe Belgian Marine Mammals Network
Jauniaux, Thierry ULg; De Cauwer, Karine; Jacques, Thierry et al

in Interest and feasibility of a web-accessed database for marine mammals strandings and necropsy data in the ASCOBANS région, ECS workshopy (2011)

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See detailBelgian Mental Health On-Stage
Thunus, Sophie ULg

Conference (2010, June 24)

In 2005, a reform aiming at reorganizing Belgian mental health supply around networks and care circuits organized along the needs of mentally ill persons has begun. The working conditions in mental health ... [more ▼]

In 2005, a reform aiming at reorganizing Belgian mental health supply around networks and care circuits organized along the needs of mentally ill persons has begun. The working conditions in mental health networks are experimented through the “therapeutic projects” and the “transversal dialog”. These two consultation devices offer an opportunity to observe the inner working of new policy settings which collectively entrust different actors, relying on political, administrative, professional or profane logics, with a reflexive mandate. This paper reports the results of a case study of the cluster “adults suffering from mood disorders” of the “transversal dialog”. The whole experiment realized on this scene is presented in three Acts that represent the successive steps of a translation (Callon 1986). Indeed, while the transversal dialog aims at producing hybrid knowledge on mental health sector, providing policy actors with relevant insights in the perspective of the reform, it constitutes a “stage” where the problematization of the mental health world is negotiated. However, the way policy actors have received the hybrid discourse produced by the field actors raise questions as to the actual objectives of the experimentation: does the transversal dialog produce knowledge on mental health sector or does it instil a culture of the controversy? [less ▲]

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See detail"Belgian Migration Dialogue"
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (2003, July)

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See detailThe Belgian MIRA (MabThera In Rheumatoid Arthritis) registry: clues of the optimization of rituximab treatment strategies.
Vander Cruyssen, B.; Durez, P.; Westhovens, R. et al

in Arthritis Research & Therapy (2010), 12(5), 169

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See detailBelgian multicentre experience with intestinal transplantation
Ceulemans, L; DE ROOVER, Arnaud ULg; DETRY, Olivier ULg et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2013, March), 76(1), 07

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See detailBelgian normative data of the temperament and character inventory
Hansenne, Michel ULg; Le Bon, O.; Gauthier, Audrey ULg et al

in European Journal of Psychological Assessment (2001), 17(1), 56-62

The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a 226-item self-questionnaire developed to assess the seven dimensions of personality described by Cloninger and his colleagues. Normative data from 322 ... [more ▼]

The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a 226-item self-questionnaire developed to assess the seven dimensions of personality described by Cloninger and his colleagues. Normative data from 322 representative French-speaking subjects from Belgium are presented and the psychometric properties are discussed. Mean scores of temperament dimensions were appreciably different from those published by Cloninger. In our sample, novelty seeking and self-transcendence scores were lower and harm avoidance scores were higher compared to US norms. The other dimensions were almost identical. The factorial analysis showed that the hypothesized factor structure of temperament and character dimensions was almost confirmed. The present study also confirmed that the TCI scales were weakly related among themselves. The relationships were consistent with those reported by previous reports. Gender differences were also found for different dimensions. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Belgian PCB/dioxin incident: analysis of the food chain contamination and health risk evaluation.
Bernard, Alfred; Broeckaert, Fabrice; De Poorter, Geert et al

in Environmental Research (2002), 88(1), 1-18

The Belgian PCB incident occurred at the end of January 1999 when a mixture of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) contaminated with dioxins was accidentally added to a stock of recycled fat used in the ... [more ▼]

The Belgian PCB incident occurred at the end of January 1999 when a mixture of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) contaminated with dioxins was accidentally added to a stock of recycled fat used in the production of animal feeds. Although signs of poultry poisoning were noticed by February, 1999, the source and the extent of the contamination were discovered only in May 1999, when it appeared that more than 2500 farms could have been supplied with contaminated feeds. This resulted in a major food crisis, which rapidly extended to the whole country and could be resolved only by the implementation of a large PCB/dioxin food monitoring program. Screening for PCB contamination was based on the determination of the seven PCB markers. When PCB concentrations exceeded the tolerance levels of 0.1 (milk), 0.2 (poultry, bovine, and pig meat), or 1 (animal feed) microg/g fat, dioxins (17 PCDD/Fs congeners) were also determined. At the end of December 1999, the database contained the results of more than 55,000 PCB and 500 dioxin analyses. The study of PCB levels and profiles in contaminated feeds delivered to poultry or pig farms confirmed that the Belgian PCB incident was due to a single source of PCB oil introduced into the food chain at the end of January 1999. This PCB oil had a congeners pattern closely matched to a mixture of Aroclor 1260/1254 in the proportion 75/25. The total amount of PCBs added to recycled fats was estimated at 50 kg (sum of the seven markers) or approximately 150 kg total PCBs, which corresponds to about 100 liters of PCB oil. This PCB mixture contained about 1g TEQ dioxins (more than 90- contributed by PCDFs) and about 2g TEQ dioxin-like PCBs. The proportions of PCB 52 and 101 congeners were fairly constant in animal feeds, excluding the possibility of secondary contamination due to fat recycling from contaminated animals. The highest concentrations of PCBs and dioxins were found in poultry and especially in the reproduction animals (hens and chicks), which showed the classical manifestations of chick edema disease. The pigs were also affected but to a lesser extent and no sign of intoxication was observed. The study of PCB/dioxin patterns and of the PCB:dioxin ratios revealed major differences in the metabolism of these compounds by farm animals. Whereas the PCBs:dioxins ratio was fairly constant in all poultry products with a mean value similar to that found in contaminated feeds (50,000), in pigs this ratio was both much higher and more variable (values up to 10,000,000), reflecting a faster elimination of dioxins than PCBs in these animals. These metabolic differences also emerged from the PCB and dioxin patterns which were altered much more in pigs than in poultry. Although the most contaminated food products (chicken meat) had PCB and dioxin levels more than 100 times above maximal recommended values, it is unlikely that this incident could have caused adverse effects in the general population of Belgium. A doubling of the PCB and dioxin burden of the young adult population would require the consumption of, respectively, 10 and 20 highly contaminated meals. In view of the very limited proportion of the poultry chain effectively contaminated during the incident (around 2%), such an extreme scenario was quite improbable for the general population except perhaps for farmers consuming their own products. But even in that case, it would have meant going back to the levels in the 1980s or attaining the body burden of subjects regularly eating contaminated seafood. [less ▲]

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See detailBelgian peer review experience on the Achille's heel in haemodialysis care: vascular access
Theelen, Bernadette ULg; Rorive, Georges ULg; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in EDTNA/ERCA Journal (2002), 28(4, Oct-Dec), 164-166

AIMS: In order to improve the supervision and to evaluate the quality of care in dialysis units, a national project was promoted as a Peer Review. It consisted of systematic, continuous and critical ... [more ▼]

AIMS: In order to improve the supervision and to evaluate the quality of care in dialysis units, a national project was promoted as a Peer Review. It consisted of systematic, continuous and critical evaluation of the care and the application of international guidelines and compared the reality of care with standards. METHOD: The first chart consisted of the evaluation of infectious episodes of vascular access. This point is particularly relevant since infection represents the second cause of mortality in haemodialysis. A questionnaire concerning each patient was designed. Questions concerned the description of vascular access and the related infectious events. Each questionnaire included 21 items. The project involved 29 dialysis centres, 1,644 patients and 1,775 vascular accesses. The database included 90,525 data. RESULTS: Among the 29 centres, the native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the first choice (67.5%) in vascular access, but the proportion of AVF decreases with age contrary to the catheter, which is more frequently chosen, in older patients. Independent of age, 20% of hospitalisations are among patients with catheters and only 7% among patients with AVF. The RR (relative risk) of being hospitalised (any complication of vascular access) is 1.68 for patients with catheters compared to patients with AVF. The rate of infections does not increase with age but is higher for patients with catheters (RR = 2.26). The number of infections appears to be dependent on the staphylococcus aureus carriage in the year. CONCLUSIONS: This first step allows each centre to compare itself to others in an anonymous way. This approach should lead to specific recommendations to improve the quality of care in dialysis units. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Belgian pilot project for early rehabilitation of nursing personnel suffering from low back pain.
Mairiaux, Philippe ULg; CREYTENS, G.; DELARUELLE, D. et al

in Proceedings ICOH 2006 (2006, June)

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See detailBelgian population exposed to furan: from analytical developments to risk assessment
Scholl, Georges ULg

Doctoral thesis (2013)

Since the acrylamide incident in 2002, food authorities such as EFSA, FDA, FAO and Belgian FFSA paid more attention to the food borne contaminants such as furan, glycidyl esters or nitrosamines. As a ... [more ▼]

Since the acrylamide incident in 2002, food authorities such as EFSA, FDA, FAO and Belgian FFSA paid more attention to the food borne contaminants such as furan, glycidyl esters or nitrosamines. As a consequence, authorities support scientific initiatives to gather information about these toxicants. The thesis was conducted in this framework and was specifically dedicated to the furan issue. The fundamental concept behind this work on furan was to include analytical developments, to determine its occurrence in Belgian food and to carry out a risk assessment of the Belgian population. The first section was dedicated to the development of a high sensitive analytical method able to report sub-parts-per-billion (ppb) levels in foodstuffs with the aim to limit the number of unreported results below of the limit of quantification (LOQ). A HS-SPME-GC-MS method has been developed and optimized using the experimental design approach. The developed method has been validated to fulfill the requirements of the European Commission decision regarding the validation of analytical method (2002/657/EC). The second section was dedicated to the achievement of a contamination survey of the foodstuffs available on the Belgian market with a restricted number of samples (n=496). A specific sampling plan was designed to cover every food matrices with regard to the more consumed and/or contaminated items. The analytical method developed in the first section was applied and 78% of results were reported above LOQ. We concluded to a ubiquitous contamination of our food chain with specially high levels in coffee, roasted and long-time cooking foodstuffs. The third section was dedicated to the assessment of the risk linked to the furan ingestion by the Belgian population. A methodology involving the estimation of the furan daily intake (by both deterministic and probabilistic approach) and the calculation of the Margin of Exposure (MoE) was applied to 3 sub-populations namely Adults, Children and Toddlers. The adults and children assessments highlighted that almost none have a “High concern risk level” (MoE < 100), that the risk for health tends to be low (median MoE for adults 5486; median MoE for children 5079), and that the risk for children is slightly higher than for adults. For infants, the assessment showed a higher risk (median MoE 817) compared to children and adults. However, this finding has to be tempered by the current limited knowledge of the furan toxicity for toddlers. In addition, the size of the datasets available for this work was low and limited to ready-to-eat baby foods, which are known to be more contaminated than home-made baby food. It gives however the first benchmark for Belgian infants exposed to furan. Thus, developing consumption survey for infants that are harmonized at European level, and basic research on furan toxicity for toddlers are necessary. [less ▲]

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See detailBelgian Report of activity in the frame of the International Association of Geodesy
Bruyninx, Carine; Dehant, Véronique ULg; Defraigne, Pascale et al

Report (2012)

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See detailBelgian Report to the IAG-subcommission “EUREF”
Bruyninx, Carine; Defraigne, Pascale; Ducarme, Bernard et al

in Proceedings of EUREF 2002 Symposium (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)