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See detailThe associations between self-consciousness, depressive state and craving to drink among alcohol dependent patients undergoing protracted withdrawal.
de Timary, Philippe; Cordovil de Sousa Uva, Mariana; Denoel, Catherine et al

in PloS one (2013), 8(8), 71560

CONTEXT: In order to understand how certain personality traits influence the relation between depression symptoms and craving for alcohol, trait self-consciousness (trait SC) was examined during a ... [more ▼]

CONTEXT: In order to understand how certain personality traits influence the relation between depression symptoms and craving for alcohol, trait self-consciousness (trait SC) was examined during a withdrawal and detoxification program. METHODS: Craving (Obsessive and Compulsive Drinking Scale), depressive state (Beck Depression Inventory) and trait SC (Revised Self-Consciousness Scale) were assessed in alcohol-dependent inpatients (DSM-IV, N = 30) both at the beginning (T1: day 1 or 2) and at the end (T2: day 14 to18) of protracted withdrawal during rehabilitation. RESULTS: A significant decrease in craving and depressive symptoms was observed from T1 to T2, while SC scores remained stable. At both times, strong positive correlations were observed between craving and depression. Moreover, regression analyses indicated that trait SC significantly moderated the impact of depression on cravings for alcohol. LIMITATIONS: This study was performed on a relatively small sample size. Administration of medications during detoxification treatment can also be a confounding factor. Finally, craving could have been evaluated through other types of measurements. CONCLUSIONS: During protracted withdrawal, alcohol craving decreased with the same magnitude as depressive mood. Depressive symptoms were related to alcohol craving but only among patients with high trait SC scores. Our results suggest that metacognitive approaches targeting SC could decrease craving and, in turn, prevent future relapses. [less ▲]

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See detailLes associations dans le système européen des comptes nationaux
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2001)

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See detailLes associations de copropriétaires : des personnes morales particulières
Lecocq, Pascale ULg

in Lecocq, Pascale (Ed.) La copropriété par appartements. Deux ans après la réforme (2012)

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See detailLes associations de fait : quel poids économique ?
Marée, Michel ULg; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

in Les dossiers d'ASBL Actualités (2012), 14

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See detailLes associations des enfants et jeunes travailleurs du Burkina Faso: acteurs de changement ?
Wouango, Joséphine ULg

Conference (2013, May 07)

Les Associations des Enfants et Jeunes Travailleurs (AEJT) du Burkina Faso sont une représentation nationale du Mouvement Africain des Enfants et Jeunes Travailleurs (MAEJT), créé à la fin des années 1980 ... [more ▼]

Les Associations des Enfants et Jeunes Travailleurs (AEJT) du Burkina Faso sont une représentation nationale du Mouvement Africain des Enfants et Jeunes Travailleurs (MAEJT), créé à la fin des années 1980. Comme toute organisation qui s’est institutionnalisée, le MAEJT dispose d’instances, de représentants, de règles de fonctionnement, d’un cadre d’action et de programme d’actions. Le mouvement est fondé sur deux grands principes : - les douze droits prioritaires des enfants et jeunes travailleurs identifiés par ces derniers ; - le principe du « protagonisme » : les enfants et jeunes sont les principaux acteurs dans toutes les décisions qui concernent la question du travail des enfants. Cette communication présente et analyse le fonctionnement de ce mouvement au Burkina Faso, les changements qu’il a contribué à apporter à la question sociale du travail des enfants et les résultats de la mise en application des principes annoncés. S’appuyant sur une enquête ethnographique menée en son sein, nous offrons des données inédites sur les réalités d’un acteur collectif qui, en utilisant à son avantage la rhétorique de la « participation » des enfants (art.12, Convention des droits de l’enfant), a réussi à s’insérer dans l’arène nationale de la protection de l’enfance. Toutefois, la question de la place et du rôle des enfants ainsi que celle du “vieillissement” des membres sont quelques-uns des défis auxquels la section burkinabè du mouvement doit faire face. [less ▲]

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See detailLes associations en Belgique. Une analyse quantitative et qualitative du secteur - Edition 2008
Marée, Michel ULg; Rijpens, Julie ULg; Gijselinckx, Caroline et al

Book (2008)

This publication is a direct follow-up to and an update of the previous publication on organizations in Belgium that appeared at the end of 2005. The aim is to provide the general public with a dynamic ... [more ▼]

This publication is a direct follow-up to and an update of the previous publication on organizations in Belgium that appeared at the end of 2005. The aim is to provide the general public with a dynamic description of the non-profit sector (associations) in Belgium via a quantitative and a qualitative analysis on the basis of the most recent data, while comparing it to previous data. A quantitative analysis of the sector has been made under three headings. The first chapter “The satellite account of the NPI” takes up and comments on the principal figures from the statistics generated by the National Bank with regards to what is known as “non-profit institutions”(NPI),associations and foundations. Production, contribution to the added value of the country, principal financial sources, covered costs,... form the main topics that are focussed on. The evolution of the sector over the period 2000 – 2004 is also outlined. The second chapter, “Employment in non-profit organizations”, focuses on the work factor in the nonprofit organizations that, in terms of salaried employment, represent the bulk of employment in the NPI’s. The third chapter, “Foundations in Belgium” focuses on the sector of the foundations that serve a public non-profit goal (the foundations beneficial to the public and the private foundations from which one can suppose that they serve a non-profit objective that goes beyond the pure private character). Strictly speaking, foundations are not associations, and yet they do have a number of things in common. They do not have a profit motive. Via their financing, they contribute in a broad sense to the dynamism of the sector and of civilian society. Chapter 3 paints a picture of this relatively unknown type of NPI that together do employ a few thousand people and pay out considerable sums of money. Chapter four, “The barometer of the civil society organizations in Belgium in the year 2007” forms the qualitative part of this study. It presents the results of a study that was carried out of 473 civil society organizations in 2007. The aim of the barometer is to get to know the points of view and experiences of the civil society organizations in the field covering a range of subjects: the recent introduction of the new laws concerning non-profit organizations and voluntary work and the evolution in the area of employment, volunteer work, members, sources of income,… Where in 2005 the barometer study was limited to the questioning of umbrella civil society organizations and federations of organizations, the study dug deeper to the level of local organizations, in such a way that will allow this barometer research to be repeated on a regular basis at a later date. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociations et politique européenne
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (2001, October 23)

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See detailLes associations hors-piliers, les ONG et l'altermondialisme
Counet, Maxime ULg

in Martin, Anne; Navarre, Sylvie; Soutmans, Philippe (Eds.) et al Pratique des sciences sociales. Tome 2 (2016)

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See detailAssociations of hallucination proneness with free-recall intrusions and response bias in a non-clinical sample
Brébion, G.; Laroi, Frank ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology (2010), 32

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See detailAssociations of Plasma Concentrations of Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene and Polychlorinated Biphenyls with Prostate Cancer: A Case–Control Study in Guadeloupe (French West Indies)
Emeville, Elise; Giusti, Arnaud ULg; Coumoul, Xavier et al

in Environmental Health Perspectives (2015), 123(4), 317-323

Background: Long-term exposure to persistent pollutants with hormonal properties (endocrine-disrupting chemicals, EDCs) may contribute to the risk of prostate cancer (PCa). However, epidemiological ... [more ▼]

Background: Long-term exposure to persistent pollutants with hormonal properties (endocrine-disrupting chemicals, EDCs) may contribute to the risk of prostate cancer (PCa). However, epidemiological evidence remains limited. Objectives: We investigated the relationship between PCa and plasma concentrations of universally widespread pollutants, in particular p,p’- dichlorodiphenyl dichloroethene (DDE) and the non-dioxin like polychlorinated biphenyl congener 153 (PCB153). Methods and Findings: We evaluated before treatment 576 men with newly diagnosed PCa and 655 controls in Guadeloupe (French West Indies). Exposure was analyzed according to case-control status. Associations were assessed by unconditional logistic regression analysis, controlling for confounding factors. Missing data were handled by multiple imputation. We estimated a significant positive association between DDE and PCa (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.53; 95% CI 1.02, 2.30 for the highest versus lowest quintile of exposure; PTrend= 0.01). PCB153 was inversely associated with PCa (OR 0.30; 95% CI 0.19, 0.47 for the highest versus lowest quintile of exposure values; PTrend<0.001). Also, PCB153 was more strongly associated to low-grade than high grade PCa. Conclusions: Associations of PCa with DDE and PCB153 were in opposite directions. This may reflect differences in the mechanisms of action of these EDCs, and although our findings need to be replicated in other populations, they are consistent with complex effects of EDCs on human health. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociations of Wheat with Pea Can Reduce Aphid Infestations
Chevalier Mendes Lopes, Thomas ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg

in Neotropical Entomology (2015)

Increasing plant diversity within crops can be beneficial for pest control. In this field study, the effects of two wheat and pea associations (mixed cropping and strip cropping) on aphid populations were ... [more ▼]

Increasing plant diversity within crops can be beneficial for pest control. In this field study, the effects of two wheat and pea associations (mixed cropping and strip cropping) on aphid populations were compared with pure stands of both crops by observations on tillers and plants. Pea was more susceptible to infestations than wheat. As expected, the density of aphid colonies was significantly higher in pure stands during the main occurrence periods, compared with associations. Additionally, flying beneficials, such as not only aphidophagous adult ladybirds but also parasitoid, hoverfly and lacewing species that feed on aphids at the larval stage, were monitored using yellow pan traps. At specific times of the sampling season, ladybirds and hoverflies were significantly more abundant in the pure stand of pea and wheat, respectively, compared with associations. Few parasitoids and lacewings were trapped. This study showed that increasing plant diversity within crops by associating cultivated species can reduce aphid infestations, since host plants are more difficult to locate. However, additional methods are needed to attract more efficiently adult beneficials into wheat and pea associations. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociations partielles – Actualités
Salvé, Arianne ULg; Lecocq, Pascale ULg

in Les copropriétés. Actualités jurisprudentielles et bilan de 5 années de pratique de la loi du 2 juin 2010, L. BARNICH et M. VAN MOLLE (coord.) (2016)

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See detailLes associations radiochimiothérapiques dans les cancers du col utérin.
Maingon, Philippe; COUCKE, Philippe ULg; Haie-Meder, Catherine et al

in Cancer Radiotherapie (1998), 2

Le traitement des cancers du col utérin repose sur la radiothérapie et la chirurgie. Le pronostic des formes évoluées a conduit à proposer différentes modalités d’association dont seuls les traitements ... [more ▼]

Le traitement des cancers du col utérin repose sur la radiothérapie et la chirurgie. Le pronostic des formes évoluées a conduit à proposer différentes modalités d’association dont seuls les traitements concomitants ont montré un intérêt. Les associations de radiothérapie et d’un radiosensibilisant n’ont pas apporté, de bénéfice, voire abouti à des résultats inférieurs à ceux de l’irradiation exclusive. L’Hydroxyurée et la Mitomycine C ont été largement testées, seules ou en association, sans qu’elles puissent être retenues comme efficaces. Des associations modernes et des essais récents, il peut être établi que seul le Cisplatine (et peut-être ses dérivés) peut être retenu dans !es propositions thérapeutiques futures. 1998 Elsevier, Paris [less ▲]

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See detailAssociative chunk strength in artificial grammar learning
Meulemans, Thierry ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory & Cognition (1997), 23(4), 1007-1028

In four experiments, adherence to grammatical rules and associative chunk strength (including different measures, each calculated on the basis of the frequency with which bigrams and trigrams present in ... [more ▼]

In four experiments, adherence to grammatical rules and associative chunk strength (including different measures, each calculated on the basis of the frequency with which bigrams and trigrams present in the test strings appeared in the learning strings) were manipulated independently in the test phase of an artificial grammar learning task. When participants learned few items of the grammar (Experiments 1a and 2a), the associated items were more often classified as grammatical than the nonassociated ones. On the other hand, when the learning phase included most of the grammatical items (Experiments 1b and 2b), the only effect observed was an effect of grammaticality. These results suggest that, depending on the specific constraints of the tasks, knowledge based on bigrams and trigrams and knowledge based on the abstraction of the grammatical structure can be used for the classification task. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociative learning of Nasonia vitripennis Walker (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) to methyldisulfanylmethane
Frederickx, Christine ULg; Verheggen, François ULg; Brostaux, Yves ULg et al

in Journal of Forensic Sciences (2014)

Traditional methods of volatile detection used by police typically consist of reliance on canine olfaction. However, dogs have some limitations such as cost of training and time of conditioning. The ... [more ▼]

Traditional methods of volatile detection used by police typically consist of reliance on canine olfaction. However, dogs have some limitations such as cost of training and time of conditioning. The possibility of using parasitic wasps for detecting explosives and narcotics has been developed. Moreover, wasps are cheap to produce and can be conditioned with impressive speed for a specific chemical-detection task. We examined the ability of Nasonia vitripennis Walker to learn and respond to methydisulfanylmethane (DMDS), a volatile discriminator of cadaver. The training aimed to form an association between an unconditioned stimulus (pupae) and the conditioned stimulus (odor source). After the training, the time spent of conditioned wasps in the DMDS chamber was measured. Statistical analysis showed that the increasing concentrations involved an increase in the time spent in the chamber containing DMDS. This study indicates that N. vitripennis can respond to DMDS, which provide further support for its development as a biological sensor. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociative memory in aging: The effect of unitization on source memory
Bastin, Christine ULg; Diana, Rachel A.; Simon, Jessica ULg et al

in Psychology & Aging (2013), 28(1), 275-283

In normal aging, memory for associations declines more than memory for individual items. Unitization is an encoding process defined by creation of a new single entity to represent a new arbitrary ... [more ▼]

In normal aging, memory for associations declines more than memory for individual items. Unitization is an encoding process defined by creation of a new single entity to represent a new arbitrary association. The current study tested the hypothesis that age-related differences in associative memory can be reduced following encoding instructions that promote unitization. In two experiments, groups of 20 young and 20 older participants learned new associations between a word and a background color under two conditions. In the item detail condition, they had to imagine that the item is the same color as the background; an instruction promoting unitization of the associations. In the context detail condition, that did not promote unitization, they had to imagine that the item interacted with another colored object. At test, they had to retrieve the color that was associated to each word (source memory). In both experiments, the results showed an age-related decrement in source memory performance in the context detail but not in the item detail condition. Moreover, Experiment 2 examined receiver operating characteristics in older participants and indicated that familiarity contributed more to source memory performance in the item detail than in the context detail condition. These findings suggest that unitization of new associations can overcome the associative memory deficit observed in aging, at least for item-color associations. [less ▲]

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