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See detailB16 melanoma cells in bi- or tridimensional cultures
De Pauw, Marie-Claire ULg; Simonon, Anne-Catherine; Borlon, Anne et al

in Archives de Biologie (1985)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg)
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See detailB2 agonists cross the bovine placenta
Boutet, Philippe ULg; Uysterpruyst, C. H.; Degand, Guy ULg et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (2001), 442(R41),

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See detailBa distribution in surface Southern Ocean sediments and export production estimates
Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Dehairs, Frank; André, Luc ULg et al

in Paleoceanography (2002), 17(2, MAR-JUN),

[1] We present excess Ba (Baxs) data (i.e., total Ba corrected for lithogenic Ba) for surface sediments from a north-south transect between the Polar Front Zone and the northern Weddell Gyre in the ... [more ▼]

[1] We present excess Ba (Baxs) data (i.e., total Ba corrected for lithogenic Ba) for surface sediments from a north-south transect between the Polar Front Zone and the northern Weddell Gyre in the Atlantic sector and between the Polar Front Zone and the Antarctic continent in the Indian sector. Focus is on two different processes that affect excess Ba accumulation in the sediments: sediment redistribution and excess Ba dissolution. The effect of these processes needs to be corrected for in order to convert accumulation rate into vertical rain rate, the flux component that can be linked to export production. In the Southern Ocean a major process affecting Ba accumulation rate is sediment focusing, which is corrected for using excess Th-230. This correction, however, may not always be straightforward because of boundary scavenging effects. A further major process affecting excess Ba accumulation is barite dissolution during exposure at the sediment-water column interface. Export production estimates derived from excess Th-230 and barite dissolution corrected Baxs accumulation rates (i.e., excess Ba vertical rain rates) are of the same magnitude but generally larger than export production estimates based on water column proxies (Th-234-deficit in the upper water column; particulate excess Ba enrichment in the mesopelagic water column). We believe export production values based on excess Ba vertical rain rate might be overestimated due to inaccurate assessment of the Baxs preservation rate. Barite dissolution has, in general, been taken into account by relating it to exposure time before burial depending on the rate of sediment accumulation. However, the observed decrease of excess Ba content with increasing water column depth (or increasing hydrostatic pressure) illustrates the dependence of barite preservation on degree of saturation in the deep water column in accordance with available thermodynamic data. Therefore correction for barite dissolution would not be appropriate by considering only exposure time of the barite to some uniformly undersaturated deep water but requires also that regional differences in degree of undersatuation be taken into account. [less ▲]

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See detailBabel comme perspective sociologique
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

in Thirion, Nicolas (Ed.) Le marché et l'Etat à l'heure de la mondialisation (2007)

The communication shows that there are three broad ways social conflict can shape the future ; the clash of civilizations, according to the theory of Huntington, the Empire according to Negri and Hardt or ... [more ▼]

The communication shows that there are three broad ways social conflict can shape the future ; the clash of civilizations, according to the theory of Huntington, the Empire according to Negri and Hardt or a globalization of class struggle on the mode class struggle was "nationalized" in the 19th and 20th centuries. [less ▲]

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See detailBabel enfer
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Série Léon Bloy (2001)

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See detailBabelles : Des femmes belges et turques s'apprennent à parler et à vivre ensemble
Mouvet, Bernadette ULg; Akhan, Oya

Learning material (1995)

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See detailBabels du 21e siècle. Quelques notes sur la traduction française d’un poème de Leonard Schwartz
Pagnoulle, Christine ULg

in Palimpsestes (2006), HS

How a French translation can convey the puns and sound effects that are integral in this grim epic on reprisals, this sensual ode to love.

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (11 ULg)
See detailBabesia divergens: activité de l'oxytétracycline retard chez la gerbille, Meriones unguiculatus
Losson, Bertrand ULg; Patz, R.

in Annales de Recherches Vétérinaires = Annals of Veterinary Research (1989), 20(4), 501-7

The authors studied the prophylactic activity of long-acting oxytetracycline in the gerbil, Meriones unguiculatus, infected with the cattle piroplasm Babesia divergens. Parasitemia, packed cell volume ... [more ▼]

The authors studied the prophylactic activity of long-acting oxytetracycline in the gerbil, Meriones unguiculatus, infected with the cattle piroplasm Babesia divergens. Parasitemia, packed cell volume (PCV) and survival rate were monitored. At 5 and 20 mg/kg, the prophylactic activity was absent and all the animals died. At 40 mg/kg, two animals out of five survived but were clinically affected and sustained a severe hemolytic anaemia. However, at 80 mg/kg, the parasitemias remained very low, the PCV's were unchanged and all the animals survived; furthermore, they were totally resistant to a challenge infection given 33 days after the primary infection. There is a good agreement between these results and those reported in cattle naturally or experimentally infected with B. divergens. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 139 (0 ULg)
See detailBabies below 1001 g at birth after intrauterine growth retardation.I.Neonatal aspects
Battisti, Oreste ULg; Armengol, A.; Bertrand, J. M. et al

Conference (1987)

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See detailBachelard et la philosophie politique de l'éducation
Pieron, Julien ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2008)

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See detailBachelard, Kuhn et Starobinski : Note sur une épistémologie masquée
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Englebert, Jérôme (Ed.) Test de Rorschach et perception : Perspectives cognitives et phénoménologiques (2013)

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See detailBacillomycin D and mycosubtilin, antimicrobial lipopeptides from Bacillus subtilis. A comparative analysis of their interfacial properties
Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Besson, Françoise

Poster (2010)

Bacillus subtilis strains produce antimicrobial lipopeptides using non ribosomal peptide synthesis pathway. Among them, those belonging to iturinic family have an important place. This family is ... [more ▼]

Bacillus subtilis strains produce antimicrobial lipopeptides using non ribosomal peptide synthesis pathway. Among them, those belonging to iturinic family have an important place. This family is characterized by a peptide ring with a constant LDDLLDL chiral amino acid sequence cycled by a -fatty acid with a variable acyl chain. The iturinic lipopeptides exhibit their biological activities on the plasma membrane of the microbial cells. It has been demonstrated that they could be active on pathogenic strains which are resistant to currently-used therapeutic agents. Despite their interesting antimicrobial properties, there is limited number of works on their interactions with plasma membranes in order to understand their mode of action. Langmuir monolayers at the air-water interface are a useful tool to analyze the interactions between antimicrobial lipopetides and membranes. We therefore investigated iturinic lipopeptides-membrane interactions using Langmuir monolayers as membrane model. Our work focused on two iturinics, mycosubtilin and bacillomycin D, differing by their peptide ring (Figure 1). In the first step, we investigated their interfacial properties using tensiometry measurements and polarization modulation infrared reflexion absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS). We found that the ability to form an interfacial film for two lipopeptides was different depending on the nature of the subphase. Moreover, their conformations at the air-water interface were determined as turns. In the second step, we investigated the insertion of the mycosubtilin and bacillomycin D in the lipid monolayers by determining their exclusion surface pressures. Our results showed that the insertion depends on the nature of the lipid film hence a membrane-compostion-dependant action of the two antimicrobial compounds could be explained. [less ▲]

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See detailBacillus amyloliquefaciens GA1 as a source of potent antibiotics and other secondary metabolites for biocontrol of plant pathogens.
Arguelles-Arias, A.; Ongena, MARC ULg; Halimi, B. et al

in Microbial Cell Factories (2009), 8(1), 63

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Phytopathogenic fungi affecting crop and post-harvested vegetables are a major threat to food production and food storage. To face these drawbacks, producers have become increasingly ... [more ▼]

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Phytopathogenic fungi affecting crop and post-harvested vegetables are a major threat to food production and food storage. To face these drawbacks, producers have become increasingly dependent on agrochemicals. However, intensive use of these compounds has led to the emergence of pathogen resistance and severe negative environmental impacts. There are also a number of plant diseases for which chemical solutions are ineffective or non-existent as well as an increasing demand by consumers for pesticide-free food. Thus, biological control through the use of natural antagonistic microorganisms has emerged as a promising alternative to chemical pesticides for more rational and safe crop management. RESULTS: The genome of the plant-associated B. amyloliquefaciens GA1 was sample sequenced. Several gene clusters involved in the synthesis of biocontrol agents were detected. Four gene clusters were shown to direct the synthesis of the cyclic lipopeptides surfactin, iturin A and fengycin as well as the iron-siderophore bacillibactin. Beside these non-ribosomaly synthetised peptides, three additional gene clusters directing the synthesis of the antibacterial polyketides macrolactin, bacillaene and difficidin were identified. Mass spectrometry analysis of culture supernatants led to the identification of these secondary metabolites, hence demonstrating that the corresponding biosynthetic gene clusters are functional in strain GA1. In addition, genes encoding enzymes involved in synthesis and export of the dipeptide antibiotic bacilysin were highlighted. However, only its chlorinated derivative, chlorotetaine, could be detected in culture supernatants. On the contrary, genes involved in ribosome-dependent synthesis of bacteriocin and other antibiotic peptides were not detected as compared to the reference strain B. amyloliquefaciens FZB42. CONCLUSION: The production of all of these antibiotic compounds highlights B. amyloliquefaciens GA1 as a good candidate for the development of biocontrol agents. [less ▲]

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See detailBacillus anthracis
Boseret, Géraldine ULg; Linden, Annick ULg; Mainil, Jacques ULg

Learning material (2002)

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See detailThe Bacillus licheniformis BlaP beta-lactamase as a model protein scaffold to study the insertion of protein fragments.
Vandevenne, Marylène ULg; Filée, Patrice ULg; Scarafone, Natacha ULg et al

in Protein Science : A Publication of the Protein Society (2007), 16(10), 2260-71

Using genetic engineering technologies, the chitin-binding domain (ChBD) of the human macrophage chitotriosidase has been inserted into the host protein BlaP, a class A beta-lactamase produced by Bacillus ... [more ▼]

Using genetic engineering technologies, the chitin-binding domain (ChBD) of the human macrophage chitotriosidase has been inserted into the host protein BlaP, a class A beta-lactamase produced by Bacillus licheniformis. The product of this construction behaved as a soluble chimeric protein that conserves both the capacity to bind chitin and to hydrolyze beta-lactam moiety. Here we describe the biochemical and biophysical properties of this protein (BlaPChBD). This work contributes to a better understanding of the reciprocal structural and functional effects of the insertion on the host protein scaffold and the heterologous structured protein fragments. The use of BlaP as a protein carrier represents an efficient approach to the functional study of heterologous protein fragments. [less ▲]

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See detailBacillus lipopeptides as MAMPs for non-pathogenic bacteria perception and defense responses elicitation in plant cells.
Henry, Guillaume; Ongena, MARC ULg; Jourdan, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Bulletin OILB/SROP = IOBC/WPRS Bulletin (2009), 43

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (36 ULg)