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See detailLa répétibilité des honoraires et frais d'avocat : un accouchement dans la douleur...
Dessard, Damien ULg

in Commission Université-Palais (2007), 95

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See detailLa répétibilité en procédure pénale des honoraires et des frais d’avocat telle qu’elle est organisée par la loi du 21 avril 2007.
Michiels, Olivier ULg

in Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (JLMB) (2007)

L'article s'attache à cerner les conséquences de la loi du 21 avril 2007 relative à la répétibilité des honoraires et des frais d’avocat en matière pénale.

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See detailRépétibilité subséquente à un arrêt d'annulation du Conseil d'Etat : un peu, beaucoup... ou pas du tout ?
Wildemeersch, Jonathan ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2009), (30), 1418-1422

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See detailLa répétition comme fond ou comme figure : une étude de cas
Lindenberg Lemos, Carolina ULg

Conference (2012, September 25)

While addressing the matter of the effects of tension produced by repetitive elements in texts, we came across the question of the level of pertinence where such effects would arise. After a brief ... [more ▼]

While addressing the matter of the effects of tension produced by repetitive elements in texts, we came across the question of the level of pertinence where such effects would arise. After a brief investigation of linguistic levels (sounds, words, phrases, sentences) and of semiotic levels (figures, themes, motifs, narrative structures), this approach proved to be of little consequence, seeing as it is possible to find, in each level, examples of repetitions that are relevant and that are irrelevant for the effects under study. Borrowed from the Gestalt theory and the more recent developments in Cognitive Linguistics, the concepts of figure and ground may serve as tools in the research. The level of pertinence is then established through relations, i.e. it is subject to the relative position of the repetitive elements in the whole of the text, as well as in its combination with the other parts of the text. Français : À partir de l'étude des effets de tension produits par les éléments répétitifs dans les textes, la question se pose à propos du niveau de pertinence où ces effets sont ressentis. Cependant, après une brève investigation des niveaux linguistiques (sons, mots, syntagmes, phrases) et des niveaux sémiotiques (figures, thèmes, motifs, structures narratives), la question se trouve dénuée de conséquence, vu qu'il est possible de trouver des répétitions et pertinentes et non pertinentes à chaque niveau. Pour avancer sur ce point, les concepts de fond et figure, empruntés de la théorie de la Gestalt et des nouveaux développements de la Linguistique Cognitive, peuvent servir d'outils. La pertinence de la répétition s’établit alors de manière relationnelle, c'est-à-dire en fonction de la position relative des éléments répétitifs dans le tout et par rapport aux autres parties du texte. [less ▲]

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See detailLa répétition de la contribution excessive aux charges du ménage: proposition d'une nouvelle issue aux conflits entre cohabitants de fait
Dehalleux, Virginie ULg

in Revue Générale de Droit Civil Belge = Tijdschrift voor Belgisch Burgerlijk (2009)

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See detailRépétition de non-mots et rappel sériel immédiat : Des mesures équivalentes de la mémoire à court terme verbale?
Leclercq, Anne-Lise ULg; Majerus, Steve ULg

Poster (2009, December 04)

En psychologie expérimentale et en neuropsychologie, les mesures classiques pour évaluer la mémoire à court terme verbale (MCTV) sont des tâches de rappel sériel immédiat (empan de chiffres ou de mots ... [more ▼]

En psychologie expérimentale et en neuropsychologie, les mesures classiques pour évaluer la mémoire à court terme verbale (MCTV) sont des tâches de rappel sériel immédiat (empan de chiffres ou de mots). Il a été démontré que cette même MCTV prédit les capacités de développement lexical, mais sur base d’une estimation de la MCTV à partir de tâches de répétition de non-mots. Même si ces deux procédures (répétition de non-mots, rappel sériel immédiat) sont censées mesurer la MCTV de façon équivalente, la répétition de non-mots recrute davantage de processus linguistiques tels que la segmentation phonologique et la coarticulation (Gathercole, 2006; Majerus, Van der Linden, Mulder, Meulemans, & Peters, 2004). Le but de cette étude est de déterminer dans quelle mesure ces deux types d’estimation de la MCTV sont des prédicteurs équivalents du développement lexical. Des tâches de rappel de syllabes présentées soit de manière sérielle (chaque syllabe étant séparée par une pause), soit de manière agglutinée (= répétition de non-mots) ont été administrées à des enfants de 4, 5, 6 et 8 ans (N=30 dans chaque groupe). Le niveau de vocabulaire a été évalué par le test EVIP (Dunn, Thériault-Whalen, & Dunn, 1993). Une analyse de variance sur les performances aux tâches de MCTV a montré un effet de l’âge (F(3,116)=26.87, p<.001) et un effet du type de tâche, avec de meilleures performances pour les syllabes présentées de façon agglutinée (F(1,116)=390.85, p<.001). Une analyse de régression sur le niveau de vocabulaire a indiqué qu’à la fois la répétition de non-mots et le rappel de séries de syllabes sont des prédicteurs significatifs, après contrôle de l’âge et du niveau intellectuel non-verbal. En outre, la répétition de non-mots reste un prédicteur significatif du niveau de vocabulaire après contrôle du rappel sériel de syllabes (Δ R²=.016). La relation inverse n’est pas significative. Cette étude montre que la répétition de non-mots et le rappel sériel immédiat ne reflètent pas des mesures identiques de la MCTV, et que la prédiction la plus robuste du niveau de vocabulaire est observée pour les tâches de MCTV recrutant un maximum de processus linguistiques. [less ▲]

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See detailLa répétition de phrases comme aide au diagnostic des enfants dysphasiques.
Maillart, Christelle ULg; Leclercq, Anne-Lise ULg; Quemart, Pauline ULg

in Les entretiens de Bichat (Ed.) Entretiens d'Orthophonie 2012 (2012)

Sentence repetition is generally considered as a sensitive marker of specific language impairment (SLI). In the present study, we first examined whether the sentence repetition subtest of the L2MA-2 ... [more ▼]

Sentence repetition is generally considered as a sensitive marker of specific language impairment (SLI). In the present study, we first examined whether the sentence repetition subtest of the L2MA-2 (Chevrie-Muller et al., 2010) makes it possible to discriminate between children with and without SLI. We then investigated the relevance of the multiple scores that can be computed in several linguistic domains in the clinical diagnosis of children with SLI. Twenty-two French-speaking children diagnosed with SLI and 22 chronological age matched children were asked to perform the sentence repetition task from the L2MA-2 test. Results indicate that this task is a sensitive clinical marker of SLI that makes it possible to discriminate between children with and without SLI. In addition, a factorial analysis indicates that two distinct factors can be dissociated when performing a sentence repetition task: a morpho-syntaxic factor and a lexico-semantic factor. Taken together, these results indicate that the sentence repetition task is a powerful tool when assessing language impairments in French language. [less ▲]

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See detailLa répétition obsessionnelle dans l'art brut et outsider
Dejasse, Erwin ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2006)

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See detailRépétition, isotopie, tensivité
Lindenberg Lemos, Carolina ULg

in Nouveaux Actes Sémiotiques (2012)

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See detailRépétitions de cooccurrences métriques chez Ovide
Purnelle, Gérald ULg

in Revue. Informatique et Statistique dans les Sciences Humaines (1987)

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See detailRépétitions, variations, reconfigurations : à propos du concept de genre dans le cinéma des premiers temps
Belloi, Livio ULg

in Quaresima, Leonardo (Ed.) La nascita dei generi cinematografici/The Birth of Film Genres (1999)

Etude consacrée à la naissance des genres cinématographiques.

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See detailRepetitive intrathecal VEGF165 treatment has limited therapeutic effects after spinal cord injury in the rat.
van Neerven, Sabien; Joosten, Elbert A.J.; Brook, Gary A. et al

in Journal of Neurotrauma (2010), 27

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See detailRepetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation improves open field locomotor recovery after low but not high thoracic spinal cord compression-injury in adult rats
Poirrier, Anne-Lise ULg; Nyssen, Yves; Scholtes, Félix ULg et al

in Journal of Neuroscience Research (2004), 75(2), 253-261

Electromagnetic fields are able to promote axonal regeneration in vitro and in vivo. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is used routinely in neuropsychiatric conditions and as an ... [more ▼]

Electromagnetic fields are able to promote axonal regeneration in vitro and in vivo. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is used routinely in neuropsychiatric conditions and as an atraumatic method to activate descending motor pathways. After spinal cord injury, these pathways are disconnected from the spinal locomotor generator, resulting in most of the functional deficit. We have applied daily 10 Hz rTMS for 8 weeks immediately after an incomplete high (T4-5; n = 5) or low (T10-11; n = 6) thoracic closed spinal cord compression -injury in adult rats, using 6 high- and 6 low-lesioned non-stimulated animals as controls. Functional recovery of hindlimbs was assessed using the BBB locomotor rating scale. In the control group, the BBB score was significantly better from the 7th week post-injury in animals lesioned at T4-5 compared to those lesioned at T10-11. rTMS significantly improved locomotor recovery in T10-11-injured rats, but not in rats with a high thoracic injury. In rTMS-treated rats, there was significant positive correlation between final BBB score and grey matter density of serotonergic fibres in the spinal segment just caudal to the lesion. We propose that low thoracic lesions produce a greater functional deficit because they interfere with the locomotor centre and that rTMS is beneficial in such lesions because it activates this central pattern generator, presumably via descending serotonin pathways. The benefits of rTMS shown here suggest strongly that this non-invasive intervention strategy merits consideration for clinical trials in human paraplegics with low spinal cord lesions. (C) 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailReplacement of goal-tracking by sign-tracking under reward uncertainty, and impairment by dopamine antagonism in the rat
Anselme, Patrick ULg; Robinson, Mike J.F.; Difeliceantonio, Alexandra G. et al

Poster (2011, November 16)

Hypothesis: uncertainty influences Pavlovian reward prediction by arousing incentive motivation for reward (or ‘wanting’), expressed as sign-tracking (ST) or goal-tracking (GT) responses in an autoshaping ... [more ▼]

Hypothesis: uncertainty influences Pavlovian reward prediction by arousing incentive motivation for reward (or ‘wanting’), expressed as sign-tracking (ST) or goal-tracking (GT) responses in an autoshaping paradigm. Here we investigated the effect of 3 types of uncertainty: 1) reward probability (UCS occurred after CS+ under 50% probability), 2) uncertainty about reward magnitude (UCS was 1, 2, or 3 sucrose pellets), and 3) uncertainty resulting from a combination of both conditions. We also tested the effects of reversal learning (shift in reward probability from 100 to 50%) and systemic dopamine blockade under uncertainty (flupenthixol, i.p.) on acquisition of autoshaping. [less ▲]

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See detailReplacing explicit water and lipids by implicit representation in molecular dynamics simulations
Steinhauer, Sven ULg; Crowet, Jean-Marc ULg; Lins, Laurence ULg et al

Poster (2012, September 11)

Molecular dynamics (MD) is an appropriate method for investigation of biomolecular systems and helps in explaining results from wet lab experiments or in getting further insight into details, which are ... [more ▼]

Molecular dynamics (MD) is an appropriate method for investigation of biomolecular systems and helps in explaining results from wet lab experiments or in getting further insight into details, which are not accessible by experimental methods(Lindahl, 2008). By now, many biologically relevant processes for drug design, toxicological studies and other fields of application, can not be performed by atomistic MD simulations (Lindahl, 2008). <br />In MD, the necessary time effort for carrying out a simulation is considerable and depends mainly on (1) the complexity of the simulated system (2) the simulated time scale (3) the simulation method (4) the efficiency of used hardware and software algorithms. Carried out MD simulations nowadays may still take weeks of calculation on high end computers. <br /> <br />In practice, biologically relevant processes, as e.g. protein folding, take usually place above the time scale of milli seconds. They can take up to the order of some thousands of seconds (in case of the folding of membrane proteins). Molecular dynamics computer simulations have reached the scale of micro seconds for simulations of systems where each atom was described and simulated over time.(Lindahl, 2008) <br /> <br />Nevertheless, MD has risen to an important promoter methodology for many different fields of application. By replacing bunches of atoms by artificial particles, complexity of the systems can be reduced. This method is called the coarse grain method (CG). Biggin and Bond (2008) found an acceleration of their simulation processes for self assembling membrane / protein systems in water by factor 100. They estimated one to two days of calculation for a simulated time scale of 0.1 to 0.2 micro seconds for their systems. <br /> <br />Implicit force fields like "IMPALA", aim to describe water and/or membrane molecules in simulations by a couple of simple and partially precalculable equations. “IMPALA” is a force field initially developed by our laboratory. Using this method, thousands of water and lipid molecules can be replaced, leading to a reduced complexity of the system to be simulated. <br />"IMPALA"(Ducarme et al., 1998) based on the assumption of rigid peptides and aimed to find the insertion characteristics of such in membranes. Elimination of the necessity for simulating the aqueous and lipid phase atom by atom in the software package "Gromacs"(Berendsen et al., 1995) will permit both: a gain of speed, as it was already the case for the introduction of the coarse grain method, and a gain of precision by turning rigid molecules flexible through "Gromacs". Our current work is the integration of the "IMPALA" implicit force field into "Gromacs". <br /> <br />Biggin, P.C. & Bond, P.J. Molecular dynamics simulations of membrane proteins. Methods Mol. Biol. 443, 147-60(2008). <br />Berendsen, et al. (1995) Comp. Phys. Comm. 91: 43-56. <br />Ducarme, P., Rahman, M. & Brasseur, R. IMPALA: a simple restraint field to simulate the biological membrane in molecular structure studies. Proteins 30, 357-71(1998). <br />Lindahl, E.R. (2008). Molecular dynamics simulations. Methods Mol. Biol. 443, 3-23. [less ▲]

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See detailReplacing explicit water and membrane molecules in molecular dynamics simulation to boost simulation speed
Steinhauer, Sven ULg; Crowet, Jean-Marc ULg; Lins, Laurence ULg et al

Poster (2012, February 10)

Molecular dynamics (MD) is an appropriate method for investigation of biomolecular systems and helps in explaining results from wet lab experiments or in getting further insight into details, which are ... [more ▼]

Molecular dynamics (MD) is an appropriate method for investigation of biomolecular systems and helps in explaining results from wet lab experiments or in getting further insight into details, which are not accessible by experimental methods(Lindahl, 2008). By now, many biologically relevant processes for drug design, toxicological studies and other fields of application, can not be performed by atomistic MD simulations (Lindahl, 2008). In MD, the necessary time effort for carrying out a simulation is considerable and depends mainly on (1) the complexity of the simulated system (2) the simulated time scale (3) the simulation method (4) the efficiency of used hardware and software algorithms. Carried out MD simulations nowadays may still take weeks of calculation on high end computers. In practice, biologically relevant processes, as e.g. protein folding, take usually place above the time scale of milli seconds. They can take up to the order of some thousands of seconds (in case of the folding of membrane proteins). Molecular dynamics computer simulations have reached the scale of micro seconds for simulations of systems where each atom was described and simulated over time.(Lindahl, 2008) Nevertheless, MD has risen to an important promoter methodology for many different fields of application. By replacing bunches of atoms by artificial particles, complexity of the systems can be reduced. This method is called the coarse grain method (CG). Biggin and Bond (2008) found an acceleration of their simulation processes for self assembling membrane / protein systems in water by factor 100. They estimated one to two days of calculation for a simulated time scale of 0.1 to 0.2 micro seconds for their systems. Implicit force fields like "IMPALA", aim to describe water and/or membrane molecules in simulations by a couple of simple and partially precalculable equations. “IMPALA” is a force field initially developed by our laboratory. Using this method, thousands of water and lipid molecules can be replaced, leading to a reduced complexity of the system to be simulated. "IMPALA"(Ducarme et al., 1998) based on the assumption of rigid peptides and aimed to find the insertion characteristics of such in membranes. Elimination of the necessity for simulating the aqueous and lipid phase atom by atom in the software package "Gromacs"(Berendsen et al., 1995) will permit both: a gain of speed, as it was already the case for the introduction of the coarse grain method, and a gain of precision by turning rigid molecules flexible through "Gromacs". Our current work is the integration of the "IMPALA" implicit force field into "Gromacs". Biggin, P.C. & Bond, P.J. Molecular dynamics simulations of membrane proteins. Methods Mol. Biol. 443, 147-60(2008). Berendsen, et al. (1995) Comp. Phys. Comm. 91: 43-56. Ducarme, P., Rahman, M. & Brasseur, R. IMPALA: a simple restraint field to simulate the biological membrane in molecular structure studies. Proteins 30, 357-71(1998). Lindahl, E.R. (2008). Molecular dynamics simulations. Methods Mol. Biol. 443, 3-23. [less ▲]

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See detailReplacing the (beta alpha)-unit 8 of E.coli TIM with its chicken homologue leads to a stable and active hybrid enzyme
Mainfroid, Véronique; Goraj, Karine; Rentier-Delrue, Françoise ULg et al

in Protein Engineering (1993), 6(8), 893-900

In order to investigate how structural modifications interfere with protein stability, we modified a (beta alpha)-unit in E.coli triosephosphate isomerase (TIM), a typical (beta alpha)-barrel protein ... [more ▼]

In order to investigate how structural modifications interfere with protein stability, we modified a (beta alpha)-unit in E.coli triosephosphate isomerase (TIM), a typical (beta alpha)-barrel protein, assuming that the pseudosymmetrical beta-barrel can be divided into eight successive loop/beta-strand/loop/alpha-helix motifs. We replaced the eighth (beta alpha)-unit of E.coli TIM with the corresponding chicken (beta alpha)-unit. The substitution, involving the replacement of 10 of the 23 residues of this (beta alpha)-unit, was evaluated first by modelling, then experimentally. Modelling by homology suggests how the amino acid replacements might be accommodated in the hybrid E.coli/chicken TIM (ETIM8CHI). Both natural and hybrid recombinant TIMs, overproduced in E.coli, were purified to homogeneity and characterized as to their stability and kinetics. Our kinetic studies show that the modification performed here leads to an active enzyme. The stability studies indicate that the stability of ETIM8CHI is comparable to that of the wild type TIM. [less ▲]

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