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See detailPsychological Approaches During Conscious Sedation. Hypnosis Versus Stress Reducing Strategies: A Prospective Randomized Study
Faymonville, Marie-Elisabeth ULg; Mambourg, P. H.; Joris, Jean ULg et al

in Pain (1997), 73(3), 361-7

Stress reducing strategies are useful in patients undergoing surgery. Hypnosis is also known to alleviate acute and chronic pain. We therefore compared the effectiveness of these two psychological ... [more ▼]

Stress reducing strategies are useful in patients undergoing surgery. Hypnosis is also known to alleviate acute and chronic pain. We therefore compared the effectiveness of these two psychological approaches for reducing perioperative discomfort during conscious sedation for plastic surgery. Sixty patients scheduled for elective plastic surgery under local anesthesia and intravenous sedation (midazolam and alfentanil upon request) were included in the study after providing informed consent. They were randomly allocated to either stress reducing strategies (control: CONT) or hypnosis (HYP) during the entire surgical procedure. Both techniques were performed by the same anesthesiologist (MEF). Patient behavior was noted during surgery by a psychologist, the patient noted anxiety, pain, perceived control before, during and after surgery, and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Patient satisfaction and surgical conditions were also recorded. Peri- and postoperative anxiety and pain were significantly lower in the HYP group. This reduction in anxiety and pain were achieved despite a significant reduction in intraoperative requirements for midazolam and alfentanil in the HYP group (alfentanil: 8.7 +/- 0.9 microg kg(-1)/h(-1) vs. 19.4 +/- 2 microg kg(-1)/h(-1), P < 0.001; midazolam: 0.04 +/- 0.003 mg kg(-1)/h(-1) vs. 0.09 +/- 0.01 mg kg(-1)/h(-1), P < 0.001). Patients in the HYP group reported an impression of more intraoperative control than those in the CONT group (P < 0.01). PONV were significantly reduced in the HYP group (6.5% vs. 30.8%, P < 0.001). Surgical conditions were better in the HYP group. Less signs of patient discomfort and pain were observed by the psychologist in the HYP group (P < 0.001). Vital signs were significantly more stable in the HYP group. Patient satisfaction score was significantly higher in the HYP group (P < 0.004). This study suggests that hypnosis provides better perioperative pain and anxiety relief, allows for significant reductions in alfentanil and midazolam requirements, and improves patient satisfaction and surgical conditions as compared with conventional stress reducing strategies support in patients receiving conscious sedation for plastic surgery. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychological distress of surgical patients after orthotopic heart transplantation
Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULg; Wauthy, Jacques ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg et al

in Transplant International (2001), 14(6), 391-395

Orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) is a major surgical intervention inducing distress and anxiety. Psychological problems after OHT have been described in many studies. Little is known, however, about ... [more ▼]

Orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) is a major surgical intervention inducing distress and anxiety. Psychological problems after OHT have been described in many studies. Little is known, however, about the relationship between the psychological state of the patient and time after surgery. The present study involved 41 consecutive OHT patients that underwent transplantation from January 1991 to December 1992, with a retrospective review of pretransplant psychiatric evaluations to define a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd edn., revised (DSM III-R) Axis I diagnosis. Patients completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-13), Spielberger's State Trait-Anxiety Inventory (STAI-Y), and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) between 1 and 41 months after transplantation. For comparison, 29 presumably healthy volunteers were given the same questionnaires. The study confirms the occurrence of abnormal psychological scores in the OHT group as compared to the reference population. Psychological scores, however, do not appear to be related to the time they were recorded after surgery. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychological Evolution and Assessment in Patients Undergoing Orthotopic Heart Transplantation
Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULg; Wauthy, Jacques ULg; Bertrand, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in European Psychiatry (2001), 16(3), 180-5

BACKGROUND: Orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) is a major surgical intervention inducing distress and anxiety. Psychiatric evaluation of organ transplant candidates is now routinely proposed. This ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) is a major surgical intervention inducing distress and anxiety. Psychiatric evaluation of organ transplant candidates is now routinely proposed. This study purposed to assess the psychological evolution in patients having received psychological and/or psychiatric assistance before and during 1-6 postoperative months. METHODS: Twenty-two consecutive transplant candidates were psychically evaluated as part of the preoperative protocol. In the waiting period, 1 and 6 months after OHT, they were asked to fill out the following questionnaires: the General Health Questionnaire, the Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Perceived Social Support Scale, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale and the Personal Reaction Inventory. RESULTS: A DSM-IV Axis I diagnosis was found in nine patients (41%); four patients (18%) presented with an Axis II diagnosis. One month after OHT, scores of depression, anxiety and general health significantly improved, while scores of social support, alexithymia and social desirability did not differ. In the sixth postoperative month, all psychological scores remained stable. CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of preoperative psychopathology was reported in 22 candidates who received OHT. Surgical intervention obviously improved the quality of life after cardiac transplantation. If the impact of psychological and/or psychiatric aid remains difficult to appraise, these results emphasize the positive impact of surgery on psychological status and the appropriateness of the psychosomatician's social support intervention on patients facing the transplant process. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychological factors affecting childsness
Naziri, Despina ULg

Conference (2013, September 27)

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See detailPsychological harassment in the workplace : case-study and building of a new analysis model.
Faulx, Daniel ULg; Delvaux, Sophie; Brun, Jean-Pierre

in Relations Industrielles = Industrial Relations (2009), 64(2), 286-306

From a case-study based on an analysis model, which takes into account four levels of explanation (personal, interpersonal, group and organizational), and includes the study of the interactions between ... [more ▼]

From a case-study based on an analysis model, which takes into account four levels of explanation (personal, interpersonal, group and organizational), and includes the study of the interactions between these different levels, this report puts forward six observations: (1) the importance of performing the analysis on several levels, (2) the existence within harassment situations of two types of process (victimizing and conflictual), (3) the fact that these processes can co- exist at different levels of analysis, (4) the existence of interactions between processes, (5) the variability of a situation across time, and (6) the necessity of distinguishing two categories of influence involved in contextual processes. From these conclusions, the authors develop a new analysis model, which is process- based, integrative and dynamic. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychological models to explain/predict first year university students’success. The profile of the University of Piraeus’ student: his/her difficulties and expectations Edinburgh: Heriot-Watt University.
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg; Kounenou, Kalliopi

in Dane, Margaret (Ed.) VIIth FEDORA Congress FEDORA 2000 Fit for the future: Managing a changing world (2000, August)

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See detailPsychological processes mediating the link between depression severity and the level of behavioural activation: Assessment of a conceputal model
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Baeyens, Céline; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2014, September 12)

INTRODUCTION. Depression is a common psychopathology characterized by a decrease of the level of behavioural activation (BA) that is the level of engagement in activities. The relationship between ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION. Depression is a common psychopathology characterized by a decrease of the level of behavioural activation (BA) that is the level of engagement in activities. The relationship between depression and BA is well-established in the scientific literature. According to theoretical models of depression, psychopathology is also characterized by biases in five sets of psychological processes (PP): self-image (e.g. self-esteem), negative repetitive thoughts (e.g. ruminative thoughts), experiential avoidance (e.g. mindfulness), environmental satisfaction (e.g. environmental reward observation) and emotional regulation (e.g. distress tolerance). Therefore, the present study aims to identify PP mediating the relationship between depression and the level of BA. In order to reach this objective, a conceptual model is tested. METHOD. 361 adults (x ̅ age=36, σ=15), from clinical and non-clinical settings, fulfilled a series of questionnaires assessing several variables: sociodemographic data, depression, anxiety, level of BA and the above-cited five sets of PP. Covariance structure analysis will be conducted in order to test the conceptual model mentioned above. RESULTS. Some preliminary results are presented. As expected, a negative significant correlation between depression and BA (r=-.66, p<.01) have been highlighted. Negative significant correlation appeared between BA and the measured PP: self-esteem (r=-.27, p<.01), ruminative thinking (r=-.53, p<.01), environmental reward observation (=-.13, p<.05). Positive significant correlations appeared between BA and mindfulness (r=.49, p<.01) and distress tolerance (r=.26, p<.01). DISCUSSION. The preliminary results are in line with our hypotheses. Indeed, the level of BA is negatively linked to PP usually biased in depression such as self-esteem. The mediating role of these PP between depression and the level of BA will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychologie de l'éducation
Crahay, Marcel ULg

Book published by Presses Universitaires de France (2005)

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See detailPsychologie de l'éducation
Crahay, Marcel ULg

Book published by Presses Universitaires de France (1999)

Detailed reference viewed: 153 (8 ULg)
See detailPsychologie de la délinquance
Born, Michel ULg

Book published by De Boeck (2003)

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See detailLa Psychologie de la Santé et ses applications pratiques
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg

Scientific conference (1995, September)

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See detailLa psychologie de Natorp à l’épreuve de la phénoménologie : la recension de Reinach
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

Conference (2009, February 26)

Mon intention est de revenir sur un aspect tout à fait particulier du débat entre la phénoménologie et la psychologie de Natorp, à savoir l’écart entre une théorie « statique » et une théorie « génétique ... [more ▼]

Mon intention est de revenir sur un aspect tout à fait particulier du débat entre la phénoménologie et la psychologie de Natorp, à savoir l’écart entre une théorie « statique » et une théorie « génétique » des essences (eidè) ou, pour reprendre l’expression de Natorp, entre un « platonisme statique » et un « platonisme génétique ». Avec cette opposition en tête, j'examine le contentieux qui oppose Reinach à Natorp, à partir de la recension de la "Psychologie générale" rédigée par Reinach. Je focalise mon attention sur les thèses natorpiennes suivantes: (1) Le Je pur est inobjectivable et ne peut être décrit – à quoi Reinach objecte que le Je pur est une donnée phénoménologique, un phänomenologischer Befund; (2) La distinction entre acte et contenu est relative – à quoi Reinach objecte qu’elle est absolue; (3) La distinction entre contenu et objet est également relative – à quoi Reinach objecte que cette distinction est utilisée de façon équivoque mais doit être entendue comme absolue en un sens au moins. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychologie descriptive, psychologie génétique, physiologie. Le cas de la perception
Leclercq, Bruno ULg

Conference (2008, May 05)

Comme ses contemporains Wundt ou Dilthey, Franz Brentano s’efforce de déterminer le statut épistémologie de la psychologie scientifique naissante. La « psychologie du point de vue empirique » qu’il ... [more ▼]

Comme ses contemporains Wundt ou Dilthey, Franz Brentano s’efforce de déterminer le statut épistémologie de la psychologie scientifique naissante. La « psychologie du point de vue empirique » qu’il revendique s’étaie en fait sur trois niveaux d’explicitation (psychologie descriptive, psychologie génétique et physiologie), dont Brentano s’efforce de préciser les rôles et les rapports. Le traitement de la perception s’offre comme illustration particulièrement intéressante d’une telle analyse. La lecture brentanienne des travaux de Weber et Fechner, mais aussi le débat avec Helmholtz ou Wundt, témoignent d’un projet original dont ses héritiers – de Stumpf à Marty, Husserl, Meinong ou même James - vont explorer toutes les potentialités. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychologie développementale: problèmes et réalités: hommage à Pierre Oleron
Richelle, Marc ULg; Bideaud

Book published by Mardaga (1985)

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See detailPsychologie du développement
Boulard, Aurore ULg; Born, Michel ULg

Book published by De Boeck - 2ème éd. (2012)

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See detailLa psychologie du travail au service de l'approche qualité
Nyssen, Anne-Sophie ULg

Conference (2013, November 26)

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See detailPsychologie Educationnelle de l'Adolescent et du Jeune Adulte
Leclercq, Dieudonné ULg

Learning material (2008)

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See detailPsychologie et antipsychologisme chez Husserl – l’année 1894
Gyemant, Maria ULg

in Gyemant, Maria (Ed.) Psychologie et psychologisme (2012, February 14)

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See detailPsychologie et histoire : une réflexion à double sens
Richelle, Marc ULg

in Anuario de Psicologia (2002), 33(2), 231-247

This reflection on the relations between psychology and history addresses four distinct issues. The first is the history of psychology: the importance of reference to the past, even if only to put current ... [more ▼]

This reflection on the relations between psychology and history addresses four distinct issues. The first is the history of psychology: the importance of reference to the past, even if only to put current research and theory into perspective. Second, the essential historical dimension of human is presented as a crucial aspect in defining the very object of psychological science; the "historical psychology" approach, specifically its French variety as represented by Ignace Meyerson's legacy, is breifly discussed. Third, the contribution of psychology to the work of historians is considered. Finally, the joint involvement of both psychology and history in contemporary society is discussed with reference to the use (and abuse) of history in the construction of collective identity and to the claims for repair for offenses and damages made in the past, echoed by the declarations of guilt on the part of their perpetrators, on more exactly their descendants. These issues are discussed in the light of psychological approaches to memory and forgetting. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychologie et psychologisme
Gyemant, Maria ULg

Book published by Vrin - à paraître (2013)

L’objectif de ce volume est de faire le point sur la question du psychologisme. Nous voudrions examiner non pas, comme cela est fait traditionnellement, pourquoi et comment il faut critiquer ce type de ... [more ▼]

L’objectif de ce volume est de faire le point sur la question du psychologisme. Nous voudrions examiner non pas, comme cela est fait traditionnellement, pourquoi et comment il faut critiquer ce type de position, mais aller au cœur du problème pour comprendre qu’est-ce que les auteurs qui ont adopté ce point de vue comptaient gagner et quel est, plus précisément, le rapport entre psychologisme et psychologie. C'est ainsi qu’une éventuelle réfutation du psychologisme pourra se fonder dans une véritable compréhension des enjeux et des nuances de cette position. Le psychologisme s’impose comme problème à cause du paradoxe qu’il engendre : d’une part la logique est une des dimensions de la pensée, et donc elle est partie intégrante du domaine de la psychologie. D’autre part, la psychologie elle même prétend être une science et donc elle doit se soumettre aux lois de la logique. La question du psychologisme est donc, en réalité, la question de savoir si c'est bien la logique qui se fonde sur les données de la psychologie ou bien si c'est la psychologie qui doit prendre comme fondement les lois de la logique. On le sait, le terme « psychologisme » a été utilisé surtout par les antipsychologistes, et en un sens péjoratif, pour désigner la prétention de fonder la logique dans la psychologie et de chercher par là-même les fondements de la vérité dans des lois psychologiques qui régissent la connaissance en tant qu’activité concrète de penser. La conséquence souvent déplorée de ce point de vue est que la connaissance - et la vérité qui en est la condition - se trouvent ainsi relativisées : nous entendons désormais par connaissance une activité empirique qui dépend de l’histoire personnelle du sujet connaissant et qui n’a pas de sens indépendamment de ce sujet. Si les arguments « anti-psychologistes », qui ont été formulés à la fin du XIXe siècle par Bolzano, Frege et Husserl entre autres, semblent l’avoir emporté avec succès, nous voudrions inviter les contributeurs à une réflexion sur les effets que cette critique a eu sur la psychologie entendue en un sens large. La psychologie, en tant que science des phénomènes psychiques, se réduit-elle à une prétention psychologiste sur la connaissance ? Ni a-t-il des questions que la psychologie soulève et se donne les moyens de résoudre, qui font de la psychologie un domaine légitime et fécond de la philosophie ? La question en travail sera donc : faut-il être psychologiste pour être psychologue ? Et implicitement il y a-t-il encore un intérêt pour le philosophe de chercher des réponses dans la psychologie et à quelles questions ? Nous proposons donc comme but de ce volume de mesurer d’une part le thème psychologiste concernant la théorie de la connaissance aux autres thèmes, peut-être plus convaincantes, que la psychologie avance à cette époque et d’autre part de mesurer l’effet que les arguments anti-psychologistes ont eu par la suite sur l’évolution de la psychologie comme science et sur sa pertinence philosophique. Nous discuterons cette problématique à partir de Kant et jusqu’à Husserl et Frege, en passant par Fries, Herbart, Beneke, Brentano et Stumpf. Le volume inclura (sous réserve de confirmation) les contributions de Jocelyn Benoist (Université Paris 1, Archives Husserl Paris), Rudolf Bernet (KU Leuven), Federico Boccaccini (ULg), Christian Bonnet (Université Paris 1), Arnaud Dewalque (ULg), Raphaël Ehrsam (Université Paris 1), Denis Fisette (Université du Québec à Montréal), Maria Gyemant (ULg), Martin Kusch (Université de Vienne), Carole Maigné (Université Paris IV, Archives Husserl Paris) et Denis Seron (ULg). [less ▲]

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