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See detailThe Nd-123 superconducting system: From single crystal to top-seeded large grain. Physical and chemical parameters influence
Auguste, F.; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg et al

in Applied Superconductivity (1998), 6(2-5), 77-85

Nd-123 signle crystals have been produced via the Aux method in alumina crucibles by controlling the chemical composition of the flux. For so doing, quenched materials have been prepared and analyzed in ... [more ▼]

Nd-123 signle crystals have been produced via the Aux method in alumina crucibles by controlling the chemical composition of the flux. For so doing, quenched materials have been prepared and analyzed in order to get information about the optimum barium: copper ratio for an unchanged neodymium concentration. Non corrosive fluxes with a low viscosity have been put into evidence and can thus be used for single crystal production. Experiments have been performed with three different chemical compositions of the Aux and by considering various amounts of neodymium oxide for each system. The single crystals have been analyzed by energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis and used for the synthesis of large Dy-123 single-domains? [less ▲]

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See detailND3 and ND4L subunits of mitochondrial complex I, both nucleus encoded in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, are required for activity and assembly of the enzyme
Cardol, Pierre ULg; Lapaille, Marie ULg; Minet, P. et al

in Eukaryotic Cell (2006), 5(9), 1460-1467

Made of more than 40 subunits, the rotenone-sensitive NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) is the most intricate membrane-bound enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. In vascular plants ... [more ▼]

Made of more than 40 subunits, the rotenone-sensitive NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) is the most intricate membrane-bound enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. In vascular plants, fungi, and animals, at least seven complex I subunits (ND1, -2, -3, -4, -4L, -5, and -6; ND is NADH dehydrogenase) are coded by mitochondrial genes. The role of these highly hydrophobic subunits in the enzyme activity and assembly is still poorly understood. In the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, the ND3 and ND4L subunits are encoded in the nuclear genome, and we show here that the corresponding genes, called NUO3 and NUO11, respectively, display features that facilitate their expression and allow the proper import of the corresponding proteins into mitochondria. In particular, both polypeptides show lower hydrophobicity compared to their mitochondrion-encoded counterparts. The expression of the NUO3 and NUO11 genes has been suppressed by RNA interference. We demonstrate that the absence of ND3 or ND4L polypeptides prevents the assembly of the 950-kDa whole complex I and suppresses the enzyme activity. The putative role of hydrophobic ND subunits is discussed in relation to the structure of the complex I enzyme. A model for the assembly pathway of the Chlamydomonas enzyme is proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailNDS27 combines the effect of curcumin lysinate and hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin to inhibit equine PKCδ and NADPH oxidase involved in the oxidative burst of neutrophils
Derochette, Sandrine ULg; Mouithys-Mickalad, Ange ULg; Franck, Thierry ULg et al

in FEBS Open Bio (2014), 4(0), 1021-1029

Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are involved in host defence against infections by the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), but excessive PMN stimulation is associated with the development of ... [more ▼]

Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are involved in host defence against infections by the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), but excessive PMN stimulation is associated with the development of inflammatory diseases. After appropriate stimuli, protein kinase C (PKC) triggers the assembly of NADPH oxidase (Nox2) which produces superoxide anion (O2●-), from which ROS derive. The therapeutic use of polyphenols is proposed to lower ROS production by limiting Nox2 and PKC activities. The purpose of this study was to compare the antioxidant effect of NDS27 and NDS28, two water-soluble forms of curcumin lysinate respectively complexed with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) and γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD), on the activity of Nox2 and PKCδ, involved in the Nox2 activation pathway. Our results, showed that NDS27 is the best inhibitor for Nox2 and PKCδ. This was illustrated by the combined effect of HPβCD and curcumin lysinate: HPβCD, but not γ-CD, improved the release of curcumin lysinate and its exchange against lipid or cholesterol as demonstrated by the lipid coloration with Oil red O, the extraction of radical lipophilic probes recorded by ESR and the HPLC measurements of curcumin. HPβCD not only solubilised and transported curcumin, but also indirectly enhanced its action on both PKC and Nox2 activities. The modulatory effect of NDS27 on the Nox2 activation pathway of neutrophils may open therapeutic perspectives for the control of pathologies with excessive inflammatory reactions. [less ▲]

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See detailNDS27, the soluble derivative from curcumin binds to and inhibits myeloperoxidase
Franck, Thierry ULg; Derochette, Sandrine ULg; Zouaoui-Boudjeltia, Karim et al

Poster (2015, September 16)

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See detailThe NDWI as a drought index applied to Belgium and Heilongjiang
Tychon, Bernard ULg; Pêcheur, Céline; Ozer, Pierre ULg

in Tychon, Bernard (Ed.) Belgian and Chinese Crop Growth Monitoring Systems: comparison, adaptation and improvement (2003)

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See detailNe dites plus Constitution
Petit, Nicolas ULg

Article for general public (2009)

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See detailNe VI spectrum
Kramida, A. E.; Bastin, Thierry ULg; Biémont, Emile ULg et al

in Journal of the Optical Society of America. B, Optical Physics (1999), 16

On the basis of all the available observations of the Ne VI spectrum, particularly the new beam-foil spectra obtained at Liège University, approximately 50 new line assignments are proposed and ... [more ▼]

On the basis of all the available observations of the Ne VI spectrum, particularly the new beam-foil spectra obtained at Liège University, approximately 50 new line assignments are proposed and approximately 30 new energy levels are determined in Ne VI. All known energy levels have been improved, and a new value is proposed for the ionization potential. The new line identifications are supported by Hartree–Fock calculations combined with parametric fitting of energies and transition rates. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Neandertal lower right deciduous second molar from the “Trou de l'Abîme” at Couvin, Belgium
Toussaint, M.; Olejniczak, A. J.; El Zaatari, S. et al

in Journal of Human Evolution (2010), 58(1), 56-67

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See detailThe Neandertals of Spy (Belgium) and their context: results of the radiocarbon dating program
Semal, P.; Hauzeur, Anne ULg; Rougier, H. et al

Conference (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (3 ULg)
See detailNeanderthals see red : production of red powder in the Late Mousterian in Ormesson, France
Salomon, Hélène ULg; Geurten, Stéphanie; Bodu, Pierre et al

Poster (2013, February 07)

Les Bossats, near Ormesson, is a newly discovered late Mousterian site dated around 47.000 B.P. by thermoluminescence. The archaeological level, fossilized by loess, revealed a rich industry based on the ... [more ▼]

Les Bossats, near Ormesson, is a newly discovered late Mousterian site dated around 47.000 B.P. by thermoluminescence. The archaeological level, fossilized by loess, revealed a rich industry based on the discoide mode, associated with numerous fragments of red iron-rich rocks. The geological sources were identified by means of SEM-EDX, XRD, Raman spectroscopy, PIXE and by petrographical observation of thin sections. The past mechanical and morphological modifications of the pigment blocks were characterized by macro-photography, microscopy and topographical micro- measures of the used surfaces. It was thus possible to demonstrate that the colouring materials were selected in the neighbouring by the Neanderthals. Fourteen blocks and fragments show different use wears such as facets, grooves and scars. The Neanderthals implemented numerous techniques in order to produce preferentially red powder. The archaeological remains reveal an organized and versatile processing sequence of red ferruginous materials. During the late Mousterian a great phenomenon in expansion in western Europe is remarkable by the much wider exploitation of mineral red and black materials corresponding to technical modifications and divers utilizations under development. [less ▲]

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See detailLe néant comme fondement et comme liberté : pour une laïcité radicale !
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2006)

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See detailLe néant comme fondement et comme liberté
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

Article for general public (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (3 ULg)
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See detailNear and far infrared transitions of Fe2+ in cubic II-VI semiconductors: Dynamic Jahn-Teller interaction
Colignon, David ULg; Kartheuser, Eduard ULg

in Zeitschrift Fur Physikalische Chemie-International Journal Of Research In Physical Chemistry & Chemical Physics (1997), 201(Part 1), 119-126

Optical-absorption and emission measurements of doubly ionized iron in CdTe, ZnTe, ZnSe and ZnS have been analyzed by means of a vibronic coupling model. The model [1] is based on the crystal-field theory ... [more ▼]

Optical-absorption and emission measurements of doubly ionized iron in CdTe, ZnTe, ZnSe and ZnS have been analyzed by means of a vibronic coupling model. The model [1] is based on the crystal-field theory, including spin-orbit and spin-spin interactions and Jahn-Teller couplings of the orbital doublet and triplet states of Fe2+ with overtones of phonons of Gamma(3) and Gamma(5) symmetries, respectively. Starting from the 25 spin-orbit wave functions appropriate to the orbital doublet and triplet manifolds, the symmetry-adapted vibronic basis is constructed and used to diagonalize the Hamiltonian matrix formed out of five blocks of symmetry Gamma(1), Gamma(2), Gamma(3), Gamma(4) and Gamma(5). Phonon overtones up to N=6 for the Gamma(3) phonon and up to N=10 for the Gamma(5) phonon were included to ensure convergence of the energy values and eigenfunction of the vibronic states. The available measured positions and relative intensities of the spectral lines in the near and far infrared are accounted for within the experimental accuracy. It is shown that the above mentioned iron based II-VI compounds (ZnS:Fe2+ excepted) exhibit a strong dynamic Jahn-Teller coupling of the upper orbital triplet state with phonons of Gamma(5) symmetry and that the spin-orbit interaction between the orbital doublet and triplet states of Fe2+ is essential to explain the data. [less ▲]

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See detailNear Fatal Respiratory Distress Following Massive Ether Intravenous Injection
Lambermont, Bernard ULg; Dubois, Colette ULg; Fraipont, V. et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (1998), 24(6), 624-5

To the best of our knowledge, no case of ether-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has been published as yet. A 36-year-old female developed pneumonitis which showed all the characteristics ... [more ▼]

To the best of our knowledge, no case of ether-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has been published as yet. A 36-year-old female developed pneumonitis which showed all the characteristics of a chemical-associated ARDS due to intravenous self-administration of ether: the hemodynamic investigation demonstrated a normal blood flow pattern with low left-heart filling pressure while the anteroposterior roentgenogram evidenced disseminated bilateral lung edema. Advanced symptomatic respiratory support including inhaled nitric oxide and steroidal anti-inflammatory use was the treatment of choice. [less ▲]

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See detailNear infrared and Raman spectroscopy as Process Analytical Technology tools for the manufacturing of silicone-based drug reservoirs
Mantanus, Jérôme ULg; Rozet, Eric ULg; Van Butsele, K. et al

in Analytica Chimica Acta (2011), 699

Using Near Infrared (NIR) and Raman spectroscopy as PAT tools, 3 critical quality attributes of a silicone-based drug reservoir were studied. First, the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) homogeneity ... [more ▼]

Using Near Infrared (NIR) and Raman spectroscopy as PAT tools, 3 critical quality attributes of a silicone-based drug reservoir were studied. First, the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) homogeneity in the reservoir was evaluated using Raman spectroscopy (mapping): the API distribution within the industrial drug reservoirs was found to be homogeneous while API aggregates were detected in laboratory scale samples manufactured with a non optimal mixing process. Second, the crosslinking process of the reservoirs was monitored at different temperatures with NIR spectroscopy. Conformity tests and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) were performed on the collected data to find out the relation between the temperature and the time necessary to reach the crosslinking endpoints. An agreement was found between the conformity test results and the PCA results. Compared to the conformity test method, PCA had the advantage to discriminate the heating effect from the crosslinking effect occurring together during the monitored process. Therefore the 2 approaches were found to be complementary. Third, based on the HPLC reference method, a NIR model able to quantify the API in the drug reservoir was developed and thoroughly validated. Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression on the calibration set was performed to build prediction models of which the ability to quantify accurately was tested with the external validation set. The 1.2 % RMSEP of the NIR model indicated the global accuracy of the model. The accuracy profile based on tolerance intervals was used to generate a complete validation report. The 95 % tolerance interval calculated on the validation results indicated that each future result will have a relative error below ±5 % with a probability of at least 95 %. In conclusion, 3 critical quality attributes of silicone-based drug reservoirs were quickly and efficiently evaluated by NIR and Raman spectroscopy. [less ▲]

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See detailNear infrared reflectance spectroscopy for estimating soil characteristics useful in the diagnosis of soil fertility
Genot, Valérie ULg; Colinet, Gilles ULg; Bock, Laurent ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on NIR Spectroscopy (2009, November)

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See detailNear infrared reflectance spectroscopy for estimating soil characteristics valuable in the diagnosis of soil fertility
Genot, Valérie ULg; Colinet, Gilles ULg; Bock, Laurent ULg et al

in Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy [=JNRIS] (2011), 19(2), 117-138

Soil fertility diagnostics rely not only upon measurement of available nutrients but also upon the soil’s ability to retain these nutrients. Near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) is a rapid and ... [more ▼]

Soil fertility diagnostics rely not only upon measurement of available nutrients but also upon the soil’s ability to retain these nutrients. Near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) is a rapid and non-destructive analytical technique which allows to simultaneously estimate standard soil characteristics and does not require use of chemicals. Previous studies showed that NIRS could be used in local contexts to predict soil properties. The main goal of our research is to build a methodological framework for the use of NIRS at a more global scale. The specific goals of this study were (i) to identify the best spectra treatment and processing –LOCAL versus GLOBAL regression- methods, (ii) to compare NIRS performances to standard chemical protocols and (iii) to evaluate the ability of NIRS to predict soil total organic carbon (TOC), total Nitrogen (TN), clay content and cationic exchange capacity (CEC) for a wide range of soil conditions. We scanned 1,300 samples representative of main soil types of Wallonia under crop, grassland or forest. Various sample preparations were tested prior to NIRS measurements. The most appropriate options were selected according to ANOVA analysis and multiple means comparisons of the spectra principal components. Fifteen pre-treatments were applied to a calibration set and the prediction accuracy was evaluated for GLOBAL and LOCAL modified partial least square (MPLS) regression models. The LOCAL MPLS calibrations showed very encouraging results for all the studied characteristics. On average, for crop soil samples, the prediction coefficient of variation (CVp) was close to 15% for TOC content, 7% for TN content, and 10% for clay content and CEC. The comparisons of repeatability and reproducibility of both NIRS and standard methods showed that NIRS is as reliable as reference methods. Prediction accuracy and technique repeatability allow the use of NIRS within the framework of the soil fertility evaluation and its replacement of standard protocols. LOCAL MPLS can be applied within global datasets, such as the International global soil spectral library. However, the performance of LOCAL MPLS is linked to the number of similar spectra in the dataset and more standard measurements are needed to characterize the least widespread soils. [less ▲]

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