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See detailRelationships between fire history and woody vegetation structure and composition in a semi-arid savanna landscape (Niger, West Africa)
Diouf, A.; Barbier, N.; Couteron, P. et al

in Applied Vegetation Science (2012), 15

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See detailRelationships between growth, cannibalism and survival rate in intensively cultured larvae and alevins of perch (Perca fluviatilis)
Mélard, Charles ULg; Baras, E.; Mary, L. et al

in Annales Zoologici Fennici (1996), 33

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See detailRelationships between in vitro lymphoproliferative responses and levels of contaminants in blood of free-ranging adult harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) from the North Sea
Dupont, Aurélie ULg; Siebert, Ursula; Covaci, Adrian et al

in Aquatic Toxicology (2013), 142-143

tIn vitro culture of peripheral blood leucocytes (PBLs) is currently used in toxicological studies of marinemammals. However, blood cells of wild individuals are exposed in vivo to environmental ... [more ▼]

tIn vitro culture of peripheral blood leucocytes (PBLs) is currently used in toxicological studies of marinemammals. However, blood cells of wild individuals are exposed in vivo to environmental contaminantsbefore being isolated and exposed to contaminants in vitro. The aim of this study was to highlightpotential relationships between blood contaminant levels and in vitro peripheral blood lymphocyteproliferation in free-ranging adult harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) from the North Sea. Blood samplesof 18 individuals were analyzed for trace elements (Fe, Zn, Se, Cu, Hg, Pb, Cd) and persistent organiccontaminants and metabolites ( PCBs, HO-PCBs, PBDEs, 2-MeO-BDE68 and 6-MeO-BDE47, DDXs,hexachlorobenzene, oxychlordane, trans-nonachlor, pentachlorophenol and tribromoanisole). The samesamples were used to determine the haematology profiles, cell numbers and viability, as well as thein vitro ConA-induced lymphocyte proliferation expressed as a stimulation index (SI). Correlation tests(Bravais-Pearson) and Principal Component Analysis with multiple regression revealed no statisticallysignificant relationship between the lymphocyte SI and the contaminants studied. However, the numberof lymphocytes per millilitre of whole blood appeared to be negatively correlated to pentachlorophenol(r = −0.63, p = 0.005). In adult harbour seals, the interindividual variations of in vitro lymphocyte pro-liferation did not appear to be directly linked to pollutant levels present in the blood, and it is likelythat other factors such as age, life history, or physiological parameters have an influence. In a generalmanner, experiments with in vitro immune cell cultures of wild marine mammals should be designed soas to minimize confounding factors in which case they remain a valuable tool to study pollutant effectsin vitro. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationships between incremental and cumulative fold growth with neotectonic examples from the southern Tianshan, China
Suppe, J; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Wang, Xin

in EOS : Transactions, American Geophysical Union (2004, December)

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See detailRelationships between inner ear and sagitta growth during ontogenesis of three Carapini species, and consequences of life-history events on the otolith microstructure
Parmentier, Eric ULg; Lagardère, Françoise; Vandewalle, Pierre ULg

in Marine Biology (2002), 141(3), 491-501

Three species of Carapidae have in common a tenuis larval stage, during which they settle in the lagoon and take refuge in the same species of holothurold. From the juvenile stage, Carapus homei and C ... [more ▼]

Three species of Carapidae have in common a tenuis larval stage, during which they settle in the lagoon and take refuge in the same species of holothurold. From the juvenile stage, Carapus homei and C. boraborensis are commensal, whereas Encheliophis gracilis is parasitic. The aims of this study were to analyse to what extent the ontogenctic changes of the otic capsule affected the shape of the inner ear and how environmental cues, due to the above-mentioned life history and the style, could influence the structure of the sagitta. Sagittal sections revealed a three-dimensional asymmetry with a nucleus close to the proximal surface. Observations of the growth axis of the sagitta suggest it has a morphogenetic impact on the otic cavity. Each sagitta contains three main zones related to the life stages of the fish. Bands and checks were observed in the third zone in C. homei and C. boraborensis, but this pattern was less discernible in E. gracilis. These structural differences in zone 3 could be related to the commensal and parasitic life styles of these fishes. Further studies dealing with otosac features and otolith functions are suggested. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationships between left ventricular hypertrophy and the amplitude of the dipping
Saint-Remy, Annie ULg; moonen, martial; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg et al

Conference (1997, October 04)

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See detailRelationships between metabolic clearance rate of insulin and body mass index in a female population ranging from anorexia nervosa to severe obesity.
Castillo, M. J.; Scheen, André ULg; Jandrain, Bernard ULg et al

in International Journal of Obesity & Related Metabolic Disorders (1994), 18(1), 47-53

Changes in the metabolic clearance rate of insulin (MCRI) have been described in several pathological conditions. Conflicting data suggest that they may be related to either body mass index (BMI) or body ... [more ▼]

Changes in the metabolic clearance rate of insulin (MCRI) have been described in several pathological conditions. Conflicting data suggest that they may be related to either body mass index (BMI) or body composition. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the MCRI and BMI in an exclusively female population showing a wide range of BMI. For that purpose, hyperinsulinemic normoglycemic glucose clamps were performed in nine anorectic subjects (BMI: 14.5 +/- 0.8 kg/m2), 11 healthy volunteers (BMI: 20.3 +/- 0.5 kg/m2) and 12 obese patients (BMI: 33.0 +/- 0.9 kg/m2). To exclude any influence of the menstrual cycle on the MCRI, five healthy women underwent three tests at different days of the menstrual cycle: menstruation period, late follicular pre-ovulatory phase and luteal phase, in random order. The MCRI, which was quite reproducible in a given subject, was not significantly modified by the menstrual cycle. In the premenopausal female population studied, the mean (+/- s.e.m.) MCRI normalized for body weight (kg) were 35.4 +/- 3.4, 24.7 +/- 1.8 and 14.0 +/- 1.0 ml/kg/min (P < 0.01) for anorectic subjects, healthy volunteers and obese patients, respectively. These differences were maintained when the MCRI was normalized according to corporeal surface (m2) (1018 +/- 75, 859 +/- 67, 638 +/- 40 ml/m2/min, P < 0.01) or lean body mass (kg) (37.1 +/- 3.4, 32.6 +/- 2.7 and 24.1 +/- 0.5 ml/kgLBM/min, P < 0.01), but disappeared when MCRI was expressed per kg of ideal body weight (24.6 +/- 2.2, 24.6 +/- 2.1 and 22.4 +/- 1.4 ml/kgIBW/min, n.s.).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailRelationships between methane emissions of dairy cattle and farm management.
Vanrobays, Marie-Laure ULg; Vanlierde, Amélie; Kandel, Purna Bhadra ULg et al

Poster (2012, February 10)

Livestock is considered as an important contributor to global methane emissions, predominately due to methanogenesis from ruminants. Moreover, these emissions also represent major losses of energy for ... [more ▼]

Livestock is considered as an important contributor to global methane emissions, predominately due to methanogenesis from ruminants. Moreover, these emissions also represent major losses of energy for dairy cows and therefore are linked to production efficiency. The on-going development of predictive equations (e.g., from milk composition) would allow to relate methane emissions to farm management (e.g., nutrition, environment) on a large scale in the Walloon Region of Belgium. Finally, by acquiring improved knowledge of these relationships, contributions to mitigate methane emissions could be based on an improved management of dairy herds. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationships between mind-wandering and attentional control abilities in young adults and adolescents
Stawarczyk, David ULg; Majerus, Steve ULg; Catale, Corinne ULg et al

in Acta Psychologica (in press)

Recent findings suggest that mind-wandering—the occurrence of thoughts that are both stimulus-independent and task-unrelated—corresponds to temporary failures in attentional control processes involved in ... [more ▼]

Recent findings suggest that mind-wandering—the occurrence of thoughts that are both stimulus-independent and task-unrelated—corresponds to temporary failures in attentional control processes involved in maintaining constant task-focused attention. Studies supporting this proposal are, however, limited by a possible confound between mind-wandering episodes and other kinds of conscious experiences, such as external distractions (i.e., interoceptive sensations and exteroceptive perceptions). In the present study, we addressed this issue by examining, in adolescents and young adults, the relations between tasks measuring attentional control abilities and a measure of mind-wandering that is distinct from external distractions. We observed (1) that adolescents experienced more frequent external distractions, but not more mind-wandering, than young adults during the Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART) and (2) that, in young adults, the influence of external distractions on SART performance was fully accounted for by attentional control abilities, whereas mind-wandering was associated with decreases in SART performance above and beyond what was explained by attentional control abilities. These results show that mind-wandering cannot be entirely reduced to failures in the ability to maintain one’s attention focused on task, and suggest that external distractions rather than mind-wandering are due to attentional control failures. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationships between pain indicators derived from VAS measurements and analgesics consumption
Boogaerts, Jean; SEIDEL, Laurence ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg et al

in Anesthesiology (1999)

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See detailRelationships between primary structure and properties of siderophores produced by Fluorescent Pseudomonas strains
Ongena, Marc ULg; Jacques, Ph.; Delfosse, Ph. et al

Poster (1991, June)

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See detailRelationships between rapid changes in local aromatase activity and estradiol concentrations in male and female quail brain.
Dickens, M. J.; de Bournonville, C.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg et al

in Hormones and behavior (2013), 65(2), 154-164

Estradiol-17beta (E2) synthesized in the brain plays a critical role in the activation of sexual behavior in many vertebrate species. Because E2 concentrations depend on aromatization of testosterone ... [more ▼]

Estradiol-17beta (E2) synthesized in the brain plays a critical role in the activation of sexual behavior in many vertebrate species. Because E2 concentrations depend on aromatization of testosterone, changes in aromatase enzymatic activity (AA) are often utilized as a proxy to describe E2 concentrations. Utilizing two types of stimuli (sexual interactions and acute restraint stress) that have been demonstrated to reliably alter AA within minutes in opposite directions (sexual interactions=decrease, stress=increase), we tested in Japanese quail whether rapid changes in AA are paralleled by changes in E2 concentrations in discrete brain areas. In males, E2 in the pooled medial preoptic nucleus/medial portion of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (POM/BST) positively correlated with AA following sexual interactions. However, following acute stress, E2 decreased significantly (approximately 2-fold) in the male POM/BST despite a significant increase in AA. In females, AA positively correlated with E2 in both the POM/BST and mediobasal hypothalamus supporting a role for local, as opposed to ovarian, production regulating brain E2 concentrations. In addition, correlations of individual E2 in POM/BST and measurements of female sexual behavior suggested a role for local E2 synthesis in female receptivity. These data demonstrate that local E2 in the male brain changes in response to stimuli on a time course suggestive of potential non-genomic effects on brain and behavior. Overall, this study highlights the complex mechanisms regulating local E2 concentrations including rapid stimulus-driven changes in production and stress-induced changes in catabolism. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationships between reading performance, student background, engagement and reading strategies
Lafontaine, Dominique ULg; Monseur, Christian ULg

in mendelovits, juliette (Ed.) PISA 2009 Results: Students on line. Digital Technologies and Performance. (2011)

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See detailRelationships between sleep quality and glucose regulation in normal humans.
Scheen, André ULg; Byrne, M. M.; Plat, L. et al

in American Journal of Physiology (1996), 271(2 Pt 1), 261-70

To define the effects of sleep on glucose regulation, we analyzed plasma glucose levels, insulin secretion rates (ISR), and plasma growth hormone and cortisol levels in normal subjects receiving a ... [more ▼]

To define the effects of sleep on glucose regulation, we analyzed plasma glucose levels, insulin secretion rates (ISR), and plasma growth hormone and cortisol levels in normal subjects receiving a constant glucose infusion during nocturnal sleep, nocturnal sleep deprivation, and daytime recovery sleep. Plasma glucose and ISR markedly increased during early nocturnal sleep and returned to presleep levels during late sleep. These changes in glucose and ISR appeared to reflect the predominance of slow-wave (SW) stages in early sleep and of rapid-eye-movement and wake stages in late sleep. Major differences in glucose and ISR profiles were observed during sleep deprivation as glucose and ISR remained essentially stable during the first part of the night and then decreased significantly, despite the persistence of bed rest and constant glucose infusion. During daytime recovery sleep, SW stages were increased, glucose levels peaked earlier than during nocturnal sleep, and the decreases of glucose and ISR in late sleep were reduced by one-half. Thus sleep has important effects on brain and tissue glucose utilization, suggesting that sleep disturbances may adversely affect glucose tolerance. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationships between southern Chilean varved lake sediments, precipitation and ENSO for the last 600 years
Boes, Xavier; Fagel, Nathalie ULg

in Journal of Paleolimnology (2008), 39(2), 237-252

In this paper, the relationships between paleo-precipitation and the regional influence of El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in South America are assessed from a high-resolution calendar varve-thickness ... [more ▼]

In this paper, the relationships between paleo-precipitation and the regional influence of El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in South America are assessed from a high-resolution calendar varve-thickness record. Two short laminated sediment cores (53 and 61 cm length) from Lago Puyehue (40 degrees S) are analysed by continuous varve measurements through the last 600 years. The calendar varve years are determined by the occurrence of graded planktonic-rich layers. The annual sediment accumulation rates are reconstructed by using the standard varve-counting methods on thin sections. The 1980-2000 varve-thickness record is interpreted in terms of climate through correlation with limnological and local monthly instrumental climate databases. The comparison between the standardized varve thickness with the instrumental records reveals a strong correlation (r = 0.75, p = 0.07) between the total varve thickness and the austral autumn/winter precipitation. We argue that strong austral winter winds and precipitation are the forcing factors for the seasonal turn-over and phytoplankton increase in the lake sediments. During strong El Nino events the precipitation and the winds decrease abnormally, hence reducing the thickness of the biogenic sediments deposited after the winter turn-over. Our results show one significant regional maximum peak of winter precipitation (>900 mm) in the mid 20th century and a significant period with lower winter precipitation (<400 mm) before the 15th century, i.e., the late Medieval Warm Period. The first peak in the mid 20th century is confirmed by the regional precipitation database. The influence of ENSO cycles over the last 600 years is assessed by spectral analysis in Fagel et al. (2007). The possible influence of the regional volcanism and/or the seismic activity on the local climate record is also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationships between spirometric performances and occurrence and severity of respiratory disease in Belgian Blue calves
Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Fievez, Laurence ULg; Detilleux, J. et al

in Proceedings: 17th Symposium of the Comparative Respiratory Society (1999)

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