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See detailPsychopathologie et philosophie du visage en prison
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2014, March 18)

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See detailPsychopathologie, alimentation et sexualité
Desseilles, Martin; Kempeneers, Philippe ULg

in Sexualités Humaines : Revue de Sexologie des Professionnels de Santé (2014), 22

L'alimentation et la sexualité entretiennent des liens de réciprocité principalement indirects tant dans les premiers stades de développement psychosexuel de l'individu que dans les mécanismes ... [more ▼]

L'alimentation et la sexualité entretiennent des liens de réciprocité principalement indirects tant dans les premiers stades de développement psychosexuel de l'individu que dans les mécanismes physiologiques ou physiopathologiques. Dans cet article nous passerons en revue ces interrelations en essayant d'y apporter un éclairage nuancé et clinique [less ▲]

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See detailA psychophysiological approach to psychosomatic headache
Timsit, M.; Schoenen, Jean ULg; Timsit-Berthier, M.

in Mc Callum, W. C.; Zappoli, R.; Denoth, F. (Eds.) Cerebral Psychophysiology: Studies in Event-related Potentials (1986)

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See detailPsychophysiological correlates of suicidal behavior in depression. A preliminary study.
Hansenne, Michel ULg; Pitchot, William ULg; Gonzalez Moreno, A. et al

in Neuropsychobiology (1994), 30(1), 1-3

P300 and contingent negative variation (CNV) were recorded in depressive inpatients with and without history of suicide attempt. The results show a significant reduction of both P300 and CNV in patients ... [more ▼]

P300 and contingent negative variation (CNV) were recorded in depressive inpatients with and without history of suicide attempt. The results show a significant reduction of both P300 and CNV in patients who had attempted suicide as compared with patients who had not. Moreover, a significant correlation was found between the suicidal risk scale and CNV amplitude. Psychophysiological and biochemical implications are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailLa psychose ou les difficultés de penser l’autre et l’ailleurs
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2011, May 13)

A partir d’expériences cliniques, nous souhaiterions discuter des facultés d’appropriation de l’espace du sujet psychotique. Face au constat d’impasse que peut provoquer le récit du sujet psychotique ... [more ▼]

A partir d’expériences cliniques, nous souhaiterions discuter des facultés d’appropriation de l’espace du sujet psychotique. Face au constat d’impasse que peut provoquer le récit du sujet psychotique, nous proposons une méthodologie alternative axée sur le rapport du sujet à sa propre géographie et à sa faculté de « territorialisation ». Étude territoriale donc, qui ne se réduit pas à une réflexion sur l’espace mais intègre forcément aussi la temporalité, le geste et les rythmes pour, fondamentalement réfléchir au statut épistémique du sens et de la sensation psychotique. Les actes, que phénoménologues et éthologues appellent ritournelle, ajustement social, régulation affective ou encore intuition relationnelle, sont un ensemble de petits gestes quotidiens qui va donc prendre une valeur d’analyse significative dans la problématique du sujet psychotique. C’est donc à travers l’espace investi, le territoire, et la capacité à faire œuvre de territorialisation et de ritournelles que le sujet psychotique va proposer un mode d’expression où la question centrale devient : comment être au milieu des autres ? Cette question qui apparait à tout-un-chacun dans sa composante intuitive, automatique et quasiment inconsciente semble chez le psychotique le submerger. Ce sentiment de déterritorialisation irait de pair avec ce qu’il convient d’appeler une crise identitaire. Le socle social de l’identité propre est ici vacillant ; il y a trouble de l’ajustement corporel et dissolution du corps commun. L’ensemble des conventions sociales implicites devient un ensemble d’énigmes ou d’impasses explicites auxquelles le sujet ne parvient pas à répondre. Enfin, le phénomène de territorialisation doit aussi pouvoir s’inscrire dans la temporalité. En effet, la territorialisation n’aura d’effet que si elle se répète, s’inscrivant alors dans le temps. Cette inscription temporelle, permet d’introduire cohérence et articulation entre différents événements. L’unité même d’un objet, pour apparaître à la conscience, suppose le temps. Husserl le démontre en décrivant l’audition d’une mélodie. Si l’on isole les différentes notes, chacune prise comme une réalité isolée, une idée globale de la phénoménalité de la mélodie est tout simplement impossible. Ce sont l’articulation et l’enchevêtrement des mesures qui vont permettre la perception auditive de la mélodie et d’échapper à la monotonie ou la cacophonie. Le psychotique serait voué à vaquer du chaos au néant, de cette monotonie à la cacophonie sans jamais rencontrer un « quotidien-changeant » essentiel à la territorialisation et à l’inscription sociale. [less ▲]

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See detailLes psychoses delirantes chroniques.
Desseilles, Martin ULg; Massart, Nicolas ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(9), 464-7

The current Anglo-Saxon trend is to consider that schizophrenia includes all psychoses. However, far from being a uniform set, there is a lot of different clinical presentations of patients with psychosis ... [more ▼]

The current Anglo-Saxon trend is to consider that schizophrenia includes all psychoses. However, far from being a uniform set, there is a lot of different clinical presentations of patients with psychosis. Chronic delusional psychosis, as a paradigm, show that subtyping psychosis on a clinical basis is useful for therapeutic and prognosis purposes. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychosis risk syndrome and DSM V: time for a dimensional approach to At Risk Mental States?
Raballo, Andrea; Laroi, Frank ULg

in Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses (2011), 5

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See detailPsychosocial needs and perception of inequity: How spouses react to the cancer of their partner?
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Bragard, Isabelle ULg; Jonius, Bénédicte et al

in 2013 BAPS Annual Meeting : Conference booklet (2013, May 28)

Background. Several studies have highlighted the importance of psychosocial needs in cancer patients’ spouses. Our study’s aim was to reduce these spouses’ needs, using a combination of two ... [more ▼]

Background. Several studies have highlighted the importance of psychosocial needs in cancer patients’ spouses. Our study’s aim was to reduce these spouses’ needs, using a combination of two psychotherapeutic methods: 1. Psychosocial needs’ organization into a hierarchy; 2. Problem-solving method. We also assessed perception of inequity, which is a new concept used in psycho-oncology. This perception focusses on two feelings that spouses might experience in their relationships: firstly, the feeling of overbenefit and underinvestment; secondly, the feeling of underbenefit and overinvestment. Method. A longitudinal design with three assessments (T0,T1,T2) and two groups (experimental, control) was employed. Spouses fulfilled questionnaires: socio-demographic questionnaire, Psychosocial Needs Inventory, Perception of Inequity, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. At T0, all participants organised their psychosocial needs into a hierarchy. Experimental group practiced problem-solving method before control group. Indeed, experimental group practiced it between T0 and T1 while control group practiced it only between T1 and T2. Results. Thirty-seven spouses participated: N experimental group=19; N control group=18. Whenever the combination was given, repeated measures’ ANOVAs highlighted a significant decrease in unsatisfied psychosocial needs when participants have received both methods. Nevertheless, our results did not replicate previous findings according to which spouses experience a higher feeling of overinvestment and underbenefit than feeling of underinvestment and overbenefit. Discussion. Our results underline the interest of proposing psychotherapeutic methods to cancer patients’ spouses to reduce unsatisfied psychosocial needs: clinical implications will be further discussed. Moreover, perception of inequity is a significant concept in psycho-oncology which consequences will also be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychosocial needs and perception of inequity: How spouses react to the cancer of their partner?
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Bragard, Isabelle ULg; Jonius, Bénédicte et al

Poster (2013, May 28)

Background. Several studies have highlighted the importance of psychosocial needs in cancer patients’ spouses. Our study’s aim was to reduce these spouses’ needs, using a combination of two ... [more ▼]

Background. Several studies have highlighted the importance of psychosocial needs in cancer patients’ spouses. Our study’s aim was to reduce these spouses’ needs, using a combination of two psychotherapeutic methods: 1. Psychosocial needs’ organization into a hierarchy; 2. Problem-solving method. We also assessed perception of inequity, which is a new concept used in psycho-oncology. This perception focusses on two feelings that spouses might experience in their relationships: firstly, the feeling of overbenefit and underinvestment; secondly, the feeling of underbenefit and overinvestment. Method. A longitudinal design with three assessments (T0,T1,T2) and two groups (experimental, control) was employed. Spouses fulfilled questionnaires: socio-demographic questionnaire, Psychosocial Needs Inventory, Perception of Inequity, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. At T0, all participants organised their psychosocial needs into a hierarchy. Experimental group practiced problem-solving method before control group. Indeed, experimental group practiced it between T0 and T1 while control group practiced it only between T1 and T2. Results. Thirty-seven spouses participated: N experimental group=19; N control group=18. Whenever the combination was given, repeated measures’ ANOVAs highlighted a significant decrease in unsatisfied psychosocial needs when participants have received both methods. Nevertheless, our results did not replicate previous findings according to which spouses experience a higher feeling of overinvestment and underbenefit than feeling of underinvestment and overbenefit. Discussion. Our results underline the interest of proposing psychotherapeutic methods to cancer patients’ spouses to reduce unsatisfied psychosocial needs. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychosocial risk and protective factors of secondary school dropout in Luxembourg: the protocol of an exploratory case-control study.
Esch, Pascale; Bocquet, Valery; Pull, Charles et al

in BMC Public Health (2011), 11

BACKGROUND: In Luxembourg, the extensive phenomenon of school dropout is a prime policy concern in the light of individual, social and economic consequences. Although the authorities report an overall ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: In Luxembourg, the extensive phenomenon of school dropout is a prime policy concern in the light of individual, social and economic consequences. Although the authorities report an overall decrease of the national dropout rate, the proportion of early school leavers who remain without any specific occupation is still alarming. Therefore, this study intends a shift of focus from system-inherent to individual factors, including mental health and family correlates, to provide a more comprehensive analysis of the dropout phenomenon. METHODS/DESIGN: The objectives of this study are to investigate the type and prevalence of psychiatric disorders among school dropouts and to compare the findings with those by a matched control group of regularly enrolled students. Furthermore, family variables and socioeconomic status will be analysed, as they are factors likely to interfere with both educational attainment and mental health. A trained psychologist will use structured interviews and self-report forms to investigate for mental health issues, information on schooling, socioeconomic situation and family life. Controls will be matched for gender, age, school type and educational grade. DISCUSSION: As school dropouts face a serious risk of long term professional and social marginalization, there is an evident need for action. Identifying psychosocial risk and protective factors of school dropout will deliver solid insight on how to conceive public health strategies for young people who may need a more customized support to carry out their academic potential. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01354236. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychosomatique
TRIFFAUX, Jean-Marc ULg

Learning material (2012)

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See detailPsychostatistique descriptive et inférentielle Partim 1 - Exercices
Quertemont, Etienne ULg

Learning material (2009)

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See detailPsychostatistique descriptive et inférentielle Partim 1 - Théorie
Quertemont, Etienne ULg

Learning material (2009)

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See detailPsychostatistique descriptive et inférentielle Partim 2 - Exercices
Quertemont, Etienne ULg

Learning material (2009)

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See detailPsychostatistique descriptive et inférentielle Partim 2 - Théorie
Quertemont, Etienne ULg

Learning material (2009)

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See detailThe psychostimulant and rewarding effects of cocaine in histidine decarboxylase knockout mice do not support the hypothesis of an inhibitory function of histamine on reward
Brabant, Christian ULg; Quertemont, Etienne ULg; Anaclet, Christelle et al

in Psychopharmacology (2007), 190(2), 251-263

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Lesion studies have shown that the tuberomammillary nucleus (TM) exerts inhibitory effects on the brain reward system. To determine whether histamine from the TM is involved in ... [more ▼]

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Lesion studies have shown that the tuberomammillary nucleus (TM) exerts inhibitory effects on the brain reward system. To determine whether histamine from the TM is involved in that reward inhibitory function, we assessed the stimulant and rewarding effects of cocaine in knockout mice lacking histidine decarboxylase (HDC KO mice), the histamine-synthesizing enzyme. If histamine actually plays an inhibitory role in reward, then it would be expected that mice lacking histamine would be more sensitive to the behavioral effects of cocaine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The first experiment characterized spontaneous locomotion and cocaine-induced hyperactivity (0, 8, and 16 mg/kg, i.p.) in wild-type and HDC KO mice. The rewarding effects of cocaine were investigated in a second experiment with the place-conditioning technique. RESULTS: The first experiment demonstrated that histidine decarboxylase mice showed reduced exploratory behaviors but normal habituation to the test chambers. After habituation to the test chambers, HDC KO mice were slightly, but significantly, less stimulated by cocaine than control mice. This finding was replicated in the second experiment, when cocaine-induced activity was monitored with the place-conditioning apparatus. Furthermore, a significant place preference was present in both genotypes for 8 and 16 mg/kg cocaine, but not for 2 and 4 mg/kg. CONCLUSIONS: Our data confirm previous results demonstrating that HDC KO mice show reduced exploratory behaviors. However, contrary to the hypothesis that histamine plays an inhibitory role in reward, histamine-deficient mice were not more responsive to the psychostimulant effects of cocaine. [less ▲]

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See detailLes psychostimulants.
Pinto, Emmanuel ULg; Pitchot, William ULg; Ansseau, Marc ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg)