Browsing Complete repository Arts & humanities   Archaeology   Art & art history   Classical & oriental studies   History   Languages & linguistics   Literature   Performing arts   Philosophy & ethics   Religion & theology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Business & economic sciences   Accounting & auditing   Production, distribution & supply chain management   Finance   General management & organizational theory   Human resources management   Management information systems   Marketing   Strategy & innovation   Quantitative methods in economics & management   General economics & history of economic thought   International economics   Macroeconomics & monetary economics   Microeconomics   Economic systems & public economics   Social economics   Special economic topics (health, labor, transportation…)   Multidisciplinary, general & others Engineering, computing & technology   Aerospace & aeronautics engineering   Architecture   Chemical engineering   Civil engineering   Computer science   Electrical & electronics engineering   Energy   Geological, petroleum & mining engineering   Materials science & engineering   Mechanical engineering   Multidisciplinary, general & others Human health sciences   Alternative medicine   Anesthesia & intensive care   Cardiovascular & respiratory systems   Dentistry & oral medicine   Dermatology   Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition   Forensic medicine   Gastroenterology & hepatology   General & internal medicine   Geriatrics   Hematology   Immunology & infectious disease   Laboratory medicine & medical technology   Neurology   Oncology   Ophthalmology   Orthopedics, rehabilitation & sports medicine   Otolaryngology   Pediatrics   Pharmacy, pharmacology & toxicology   Psychiatry   Public health, health care sciences & services   Radiology, nuclear medicine & imaging   Reproductive medicine (gynecology, andrology, obstetrics)   Rheumatology   Surgery   Urology & nephrology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Law, criminology & political science   Civil law   Criminal law & procedure   Criminology   Economic & commercial law   European & international law   Judicial law   Metalaw, Roman law, history of law & comparative law   Political science, public administration & international relations   Public law   Social law   Tax law   Multidisciplinary, general & others Life sciences   Agriculture & agronomy   Anatomy (cytology, histology, embryology...) & physiology   Animal production & animal husbandry   Aquatic sciences & oceanology   Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology   Biotechnology   Entomology & pest control   Environmental sciences & ecology   Food science   Genetics & genetic processes   Microbiology   Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)   Veterinary medicine & animal health   Zoology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences   Chemistry   Earth sciences & physical geography   Mathematics   Physics   Space science, astronomy & astrophysics   Multidisciplinary, general & others Social & behavioral sciences, psychology   Animal psychology, ethology & psychobiology   Anthropology   Communication & mass media   Education & instruction   Human geography & demography   Library & information sciences   Neurosciences & behavior   Regional & inter-regional studies   Social work & social policy   Sociology & social sciences   Social, industrial & organizational psychology   Theoretical & cognitive psychology   Treatment & clinical psychology   Multidisciplinary, general & others      by title 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z or enter first few letters:    OK Showing results 86963 to 86982 of 155486     4344 4345 4346 4347 4348 4349 4350 4351 4352 4353 4354     Long-incubation time-interferon-gamma release assays in response to PPD-, ESAT-6- and/or CFP-10 for the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in childrenSchepers, Kinda; Mouchet, Françoise; Dirix, Violette et alin Clinical and Vaccine Immunology (2014), 21(2), 111-118Background: Diagnosis of childhood active tuberculosis (aTB) or latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection (LTBI) remains a challenge, and replacement of tuberculin skin tests (TST) by ... [more ▼]Background: Diagnosis of childhood active tuberculosis (aTB) or latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection (LTBI) remains a challenge, and replacement of tuberculin skin tests (TST) by commercialized interferon-gamma release assays (IGRA) is not currently recommended. Methods: 266 children between 1 month and 15 years of age, 214 being at risk of recent Mtb infection and 51 being included as controls, were prospectively enrolled. According results of clinical evaluation, TST, chest X-Ray and microbiology, children were classified as non-infected, LTBI or aTB. Long-incubation time PPD-, ESAT-6-, and CFP-10-IGRA were performed and evaluated for their accuracy to correctly classify the children. Results: Whereas both TST and PPD-IGRA were suboptimal to detect aTB, combining CFP-10-IGRA with TST or with PPD-IGRA allowed us to detect all the children with aTB, with 96% specificity for children who were positive for CFP-10-IGRA. Moreover, combination of CFP-10- and PPD-IGRA also detected 96% of children classified as LTBI, but a strong IFN-γ response to CFP-10 (>500 pg/ml) was highly suggestive of aTB at least among children less than 3 years old. Conclusions: Long-incubation time CFP-10- and PPD-IGRA should help the clinicians to identify quickly aTB or LTBI in young children. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULiège) Long-lasting airway inflammmation associated with equid herpesvirus -2 in experimentally challenged horsesFortier; Richard, E.; Hue, E. et alin Veterinary Journal (2013), 197(2), 492495Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULiège) Long-lasting effect of subliminal processes on cardiovascular responses and performance.Capa, Rémi ; Cleeremans, Axel; Bustin, Gaëlle et alin International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology (2011), 81(1), 22-30Students were exposed to a priming task in which subliminal representations of the goal of studying were directly paired (priming-positive group) or not (priming group) to positive words. A control group ... [more ▼]Students were exposed to a priming task in which subliminal representations of the goal of studying were directly paired (priming-positive group) or not (priming group) to positive words. A control group without subliminal prime of the goal was added. Just after the priming task, students performed an easy or a difficult learning task based on their coursework. Participants in the priming-positive group performed better and had a stronger decrease of pulse transit time and pulse wave amplitude reactivity than participants of the two other groups, but only during the difficult condition. Results suggested that subliminal priming induces effortful behavior extending over twenty five minutes but only when the primes had been associated with visible positive words acting as a reward. These findings provide evidence that subliminal priming can have long-lasting effects on behaviors typical of daily life. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 39 (5 ULiège) Long-lived organic compounds (Chapter 1)Prinn, R.; Zander, Rodolphe ; Cunnold, D. M. et alin Albritton; Aucamp, Pieter J.; Mégie, Gérard (Eds.) et al Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 1998 (1999)This assessment report is a summary of the scientific community's current understanding of the stratospheric ozone layer and its relation to humankind.Detailed reference viewed: 20 (5 ULiège) Long-lived organic compounds (Chapter 1)Clerbaux, C.; Cunnold, D. M.; Anderson, J. et alin Nohende Ajavon, Ayité-Lô; Albritton, Daniel L.; Watson, Robert T. (Eds.) Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 2006 (2007)This assessment report is a summary of the scientific community's current understanding of the stratospheric ozone layer and its relation to humankind.Detailed reference viewed: 40 (4 ULiège) Long-pulsed ruby laser-assisted hair removal in male-to-female transsexuals.Paquet, Philippe ; Fumal, I.; Pierard, Claudine et alin Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology (2002), 1(1), 8-12BACKGROUND: Unwanted male-pattern pilosity is a heavy psychological burden and can cause distress for male-to-female transsexuals. Orchidectomy and oestrogen supplementation combined with antiandrogens ... [more ▼]BACKGROUND: Unwanted male-pattern pilosity is a heavy psychological burden and can cause distress for male-to-female transsexuals. Orchidectomy and oestrogen supplementation combined with antiandrogens fail to make hair disappear. AIMS: To study the effect of long-pulsed ruby laser treatment. RESULTS: Hair density was successfully abated on the beard and chest of three male-to-female transsexuals. A lingering effect over 6 months with a 50-90% hair density reduction was obtained. CONCLUSION: Photothermolysis using the long-pulsed ruby laser is a promising, well-tolerated method of hair removal in male-to-female transsexuals under oestrogen supplementation and antiandrogens. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 114 (0 ULiège) Long-range Coulomb interaction in ZrO2Detraux, F.; Ghosez, Philippe ; Gonze, X.in Physical Review Letters (1998), 81(15), 3297-3297Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULiège) Long-range dispersion forces between molecules subject to attosecond pulses from ab initio calculationsVerstraete, Matthieu Scientific conference (2017, July)The London-van der Waals dispersion forces arising from instantaneously induced dipoles in molecules are a key ingredient in a wide range of phenomena in physics, chemistry, and biology. Therefore, the ... [more ▼]The London-van der Waals dispersion forces arising from instantaneously induced dipoles in molecules are a key ingredient in a wide range of phenomena in physics, chemistry, and biology. Therefore, the ability to control and manipulate dispersion forces between atoms and molecules is of great importance. Because those dispersion interactions depend crucially on the electronic properties of the molecular systems, a simple route to achieve this would consist in manipulating their electronic states. The recent development of ultra-short optical pulses has given researchers unprecedented control over the electronic degrees of freedom. These pulses, tailored in their frequency and envelope, allow the generation of a strongly out of equilibrium population of electronic states. We show how the Hamacker constants characterizing the London-van der Waals interaction between two molecules subject to an optical pulse can be calculated using time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) or standard quantum chemistry methods and present several test cases of molecules subjected to IR and UV attosecond pulses. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 35 (2 ULiège) Long-range intramolecular S-to-N acyl migration: a study of the formation of native peptide analogs via 13-, 15- and 16-membered cyclic transition statesHa, Khanh; Chahar, Mamta; Monbaliu, Jean-Christophe et alin Journal of Organic Chemistry (2011), 77Detailed reference viewed: 58 (0 ULiège) Long-range potential and the fine structure of the diffraction peakSelyugin, O. V.; Cudell, Jean-René in Capua, Marcella (Ed.) DIFFRACTION 2010: International Workshop on Diffraction in High Energy Physics Diffraction in High Energy Physics (2010)The possibility of oscillations in the differential elastic cross section of hadron scattering at small momentum transfer is studied. It is shown that string-like quark potentials at large distances can ... [more ▼]The possibility of oscillations in the differential elastic cross section of hadron scattering at small momentum transfer is studied. It is shown that string-like quark potentials at large distances can lead to such small oscillations, and an analysis of the experimental data at small |t| allows the determination of the parameters of the potential. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 ULiège) Long-range Rydberg-blockade entangling gate mediated by auxiliary atomsCesa, Alexandre ; Martin, John Poster (2017, March 09)Arrays of qubits encoded in the ground state manifold of trapped neutral atoms appear as a promising platform for the realisation of a scalable quantum computer. Indeed, such physical qubits have a long ... [more ▼]Arrays of qubits encoded in the ground state manifold of trapped neutral atoms appear as a promising platform for the realisation of a scalable quantum computer. Indeed, such physical qubits have a long coherence time and allow for high-fidelity single-qubit operations [1]. In such a platform, entangling two-qubit gates can be implemented by exploiting the Rydberg-blockade mechanism to produce a phase shift or a flip of the state of a target atom conditioned on the state of a control atom [2]. However, because dipole-dipole interactions fall off rapidly with the interatomic distance, such entangling gates based on Rydberg-blockade are impractical between distant qubits. In this work, we propose a protocol to implement long-range Rydberg-blockade gates (CZ or CNot) using auxillary non-coding atoms to transfer the Rydberg excitation from the control to the target qubit. The dependence of the fidelity on the number of auxillary atoms, the blockade strength and the decay rates of the Rydberg states are determined. When compared to a sequential application of nearest neighbours entangling gates, our protocol leads to a larger fidelity and a reduction of the overall gate duration (which scales linearly with the number of auxillary atoms). [1] M. Saffman, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 202001 (2016). [2] D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Côté, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2208 (2000). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 37 (4 ULiège) Long-slit pre and postperihelion spectrography of Comet P/HalleyArpigny, Claude ; Dossin, F.; Zucconi, J. M. et alin ESLAB Symposium on the Exploration of Halley's Comet (1986, December 01)A series of about forty long-slit spectra of Halley's comet has been secured in the optical wavelength region, using different instruments, at resolution ranging from 0.05 to 1.6 nm. The interval of ... [more ▼]A series of about forty long-slit spectra of Halley's comet has been secured in the optical wavelength region, using different instruments, at resolution ranging from 0.05 to 1.6 nm. The interval of heliocentric distance r covered by these observations is 1.7 to 0.9 a.u. before perihelion, while r = 0.95 a.u. after perihelion. The main characteristics of the pre-perihelion spectra are described. In particular, some emissions due to the OH[SUP]+[/SUP] (0,1) and CH[SUP]+[/SUP](1,0) bands have been detected for the first time. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 ULiège) Long-Term (3 Years) Prevention of Trabecular Postmenopausal Bone Loss with Low-Dose Intermittent Nasal Salmon CalcitoninReginster, Jean-Yves ; Denis, D.; Deroisy, Rita et alin Journal of Bone and Mineral Research : The Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (1994), 9(1), 69-73The long-term effect of intermittent low-dose nasal salmon calcitonin on trabecular early postmenopausal bone loss was assessed as follow-up to a previously published study. Randomized controlled group ... [more ▼]The long-term effect of intermittent low-dose nasal salmon calcitonin on trabecular early postmenopausal bone loss was assessed as follow-up to a previously published study. Randomized controlled group comparison was made of 287 healthy women with 6-36 months of natural menopause and no treatment interfering with calcium metabolism at an outpatient clinic for research in bone and cartilage metabolism. The 287 women were randomly allocated to 3 years of treatment with either 500 mg/day, 5 days/week of calcium or the same amount of calcium plus 50 IU/day, 5 days per week of nasal salmon calcitonin. A total of 186 women complied with the study protocol throughout. The main outcome measures were bone mineral density of the lumbar spine (DPA) and biochemical parameters reflecting bone turnover (serum alkaline phosphatases, urinary calcium/creatinine, and hydroxyproline/creatinine ratio). The average changes in bone mineral density after 36 months showed a positive (p < 0.05) outcome (1.8 +/- 5.7%; mean +/- SD) in the group treated with salmon calcitonin and calcium and a significant (p < 0.01) loss (-5.8 +/- 4.8%) in patients receiving calcium alone. The difference between the evolution of the two groups was significantly (p < 0.01) different after 6 months of treatment and remained so until the end of the study. No significant changes were recorded in biochemical parameters reflecting bone turnover. As previously shown during a 1 year follow-up, nasal salmon calcitonin given at low dose and intermittently, in association with calcium, can counteract trabecular postmenopausal bone loss. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULiège) Long-term (3 years) reproducibility for the radiological assessment of knee osteoarthritisDEROISY, Rita ; Bruyère, Olivier ; Gensburger, Deborah et alin Osteoporosis International (2012, March), 23(Suppl. 2), 219-220Detailed reference viewed: 18 (5 ULiège) Long-term activity and outburst of comet C/2013 A1 (Siding Spring) from narrow-band photometry and long-slit spectroscopyOpitom, Cyrielle ; Guilbert-Lepoutre, A.; Jehin, Emmanuel et alin Astronomy and Astrophysics (2016), 589In this paper, we present a unique data set of more than one year's worth of regular observations of comet C/2013 A1(Siding Spring) with TRAPPIST in Chile, along with low-resolution spectra obtained with ... [more ▼]In this paper, we present a unique data set of more than one year's worth of regular observations of comet C/2013 A1(Siding Spring) with TRAPPIST in Chile, along with low-resolution spectra obtained with the ESO/VLT FORS 2 instrument. The comet made a close approach to Mars on October 19, 2014 and was then observed by many space and ground-based telescopes. We followed the evolution of the OH, NH, CN, $\mathrm{C_3}$, and $\mathrm{C_2}$ production rates as well as the $Af\rho$ parameter as a proxy for the dust production. We detected an outburst two weeks after perihelion, with gas and dust production rates being multiplied by a factor five within a few days. By modelling the shape of the CN and $\mathrm{C_2}$ radial profiles, we determined that the outburst happened around on November 10 around 15:30 UT ($\pm$ 5h) and measured a gas ejection velocity of $1.1\pm0.2$ km/s. We used a thermal evolution model to reproduce the activity pattern and outburst. Our results are consistent with the progressive formation of a dust mantle explaining the shallow dependence of gas production rates, which may be partially blown off during the outburst. We studied the evolution of gas composition, using various ratios such as CN/OH, $\mathrm{C_2}$/OH, or $\mathrm{C_3}$/OH, which showed little or no variation with heliocentric distance including at the time of the outburst. This indicates a relative level of homogeneity of the nucleus composition. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 35 (9 ULiège) Long-term analysis of rainfall and temperature data in Burkina Faso (1950–2013)De Longueville, Florence; Hountondji, Yvon-Carmen; Kindo, Issa et alin International Journal of Climatology (2016)Detailed reference viewed: 75 (4 ULiège) Long-term bedload mobility in gravel-bed rivers using iron slag as a tracerHoubrechts, Geoffrey ; Levecq, Yannick ; Vanderheyden, Vincent et alin Geomorphology (2011), 126Bedload dispersion is evaluated in gravel-bed rivers using slag elements from ironworks established along rivers in the Ardenne region, between the fourteenth and the nineteenth centuries. Large ... [more ▼]Bedload dispersion is evaluated in gravel-bed rivers using slag elements from ironworks established along rivers in the Ardenne region, between the fourteenth and the nineteenth centuries. Large quantities of slag were dumped close to these rivers or even directly into the channels. For centuries, slag elements were dispersed in the bedload and transported by floods of varying importance. Consequently, slag may be considered as a reliable tracer to analyze bedload dispersion over several centuries. The size of slag elements was studied along 16 Ardenne rivers. The longitudinal size trend of the largest slag particles allows the effective competence of these rivers to be determined (between 19 and 129 mm for rivers where specific stream power for the bankfull discharge ranges between 20 and 134 W/m²). A direct relationship doesn’t exist between these two parameters as the size of slag elements must be considered with regard to the D50 of the bed. Selective transport was analyzed directly downstream of the input sites. The sorting distance varies from river to river and depends on the velocity of the coarse elements introduced into the river since the inception of the iron industry. Downstream of two metallurgic sites, the slag propagation fronts were located. As the periods of activity at these sites are known from historical studies, the virtual velocity of bedload movement in these rivers was estimated to be 2-4 km/century. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 265 (35 ULiège) Long-term behavior and quality of life after corrective cardiac surgery in infancy for tetralogy of Fallot or ventricular septal defect.Hovels-Gurich, H. H.; Konrad, K.; Skorzenski, D. et alin Pediatric Cardiology (2007), 28(5), 346-354The objective of this study was to evaluate behavior and quality of life in children after corrective cardiac surgery in infancy. Twenty cyanotic (tetralogy of Fallot) and 20 acyanotic children ... [more ▼]The objective of this study was to evaluate behavior and quality of life in children after corrective cardiac surgery in infancy. Twenty cyanotic (tetralogy of Fallot) and 20 acyanotic children (ventricular septal defect), operated at a mean age of 0.7 years with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) and low-flow cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), were assessed at a mean age of 7.4 years by the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the German KINDL. Test results were related to perioperative and neurodevelopmental outcome. Compared to healthy children and not significantly different between the groups, internalizing and externalizing problems were elevated, school performance and total competence were reduced, and self- and parent-reported quality of life was not reduced. Parent-reported problems and reduced physical status were correlated with longer durations of DHCA and CPB. Internalizing and externalizing problems, reduced school competence, and reduced self-esteem were associated with reduced endurance capacity. Externalizing problems were related to reduced gross motor function. Poor school competence was related to reduced intelligence and academic achievement. Children with preoperative hypoxemia in infancy due to cyanotic cardiac defects are not at significantly higher risk for behavioral problems and reduced quality of life than those with acyanotic heart defects. The risk of long-term psychosocial maladjustment after corrective surgery in infancy is increased compared to that for normal children and related to the presence of neurodevelopmental dysfunction. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULiège) Long-term biogeochemical effects of adding alkalinity into the oceanIlyina, Tatiana; Wolf-Gladrow, Dieter; Munhoven, Guy et alConference (2011, June 20)Large-scale perturbations in seawater chemistry brought about by the oceanic uptake of anthropogenic CO2 will go on long after emissions decline or stop. Several geo-engineering approaches have been ... [more ▼]Large-scale perturbations in seawater chemistry brought about by the oceanic uptake of anthropogenic CO2 will go on long after emissions decline or stop. Several geo-engineering approaches have been suggested to reduce atmospheric CO2 concentrations and ocean acidification. One of them is to enhance weathering processes to remove atmospheric CO2. This method involves dissolving rocks (i.e. limestone, olivine) or adding strong bases (i.e. calcium hydroxide) to the upper ocean. The net effect of these two approaches is to increase ocean alkalinity, thereby increasing the oceanic capacity to take up and store anthropogenic CO2. Another effect of adding alkalinity would be to drive seawater to higher pH values and thus counteract the ongoing ocean acidification. However, whereas adding bases initially only alters alkalinity of seawater, dissolution of carbonates perturbs both, alkalinity and dissolved inorganic carbon budgets. Thus, on longer time scales, these two methods will likely have different biogeochemical effects in the ocean. Here we test enduring implications of the two approaches for the marine carbon cycle using the global ocean biogeochemical model HAMOCC which also includes marine sediments. In our model scenarios we add alkalinity in amounts proportional to fossil fuel emissions. We compare the long-term effectiveness of the two geo-engineering approaches to decrease atmospheric CO2. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 38 (1 ULiège) Long-term biogeochemical impacts of liming the oceanIlyina, Tatiana; Wolf-Gladrow, Dieter; Munhoven, Guy et alConference (2011, December 08)Fossil fuel CO2 emissions result in large-scale long-term perturbations in seawater chemistry. Oceans take up atmospheric CO2, and several geo-engineering approaches have been suggested to mitigate ... [more ▼]Fossil fuel CO2 emissions result in large-scale long-term perturbations in seawater chemistry. Oceans take up atmospheric CO2, and several geo-engineering approaches have been suggested to mitigate impacts of CO2 emissions and resulting ocean acidification that are based on this property. One of them is to enhance weathering processes to remove atmospheric CO2. This method involves dissolving rocks (i.e. limestone) or adding strong bases (i.e. calcium hydroxide) in the upper ocean and is termed as liming the oceans. The net effect of this approach is to increase ocean alkalinity, thereby increasing the oceanic capacity to store anthropogenic CO2. Another effect of adding alkalinity would be to drive seawater to higher pH values and thus counteract the ongoing ocean acidification. However, whereas adding bases only alter alkalinity of seawater, dissolution of carbonates perturb both, alkalinity and dissolved inorganic carbon budgets. Thus, on longer time scales, these two methods will likely have different biogeochemical effects in the ocean. Here we test enduring implications of the two approaches for marine carbon cycle using the global ocean biogeochemical model HAMOCC. In our model scenarios we add alkalinity in the amounts proportional to fossil fuel emissions. We compare the longterm effectiveness of the two geo-engineering approaches to decrease atmospheric CO2. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 137 (6 ULiège)