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See detailPsychologisation ou transformation des modes de traitement social de la « question sociale » ?
Vrancken, Didier ULg

in Bresson, Maryse (Ed.) La psychologisation de l’intervention sociale : mythes et réalités (2006)

Envisageant la question de la problématisation d'une psychologisation du social, l'auteur propose une réflexion proposant davantage de partir des évolutions récentes des politiques sociales et de ... [more ▼]

Envisageant la question de la problématisation d'une psychologisation du social, l'auteur propose une réflexion proposant davantage de partir des évolutions récentes des politiques sociales et de considérer que nous évoluons plutôt dans une société du travail sur Soi de plus en plus confrontée à la montée de dispositifs individualisants. [less ▲]

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See detailThe psychologist' roles in cardiac emergency unit
Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg; Fontaine, Ovide ULg

Poster (1987, August)

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See detailThe psychology behind road pricing: Identification of socio-cognitive factors inducing changes in activity-travel behavior
Cools, Mario ULg; Brijs, Kris; Moons, Elke et al

in Proceedings of the 12 World Conference on Transport Research (2010)

The overall final objective of this study is to investigate the effect of road pricing on people’s tendency to adapt their current travel behaviour. In order to reach this goal, a two-stage hierarchical ... [more ▼]

The overall final objective of this study is to investigate the effect of road pricing on people’s tendency to adapt their current travel behaviour. In order to reach this goal, a two-stage hierarchical model is estimated, concentrated around the concept of public acceptability. The research was conducted in Flanders, the Dutch-speaking region of Belgium, by means of an interactive stated adaptation survey, administered on the internet, involving 300 respondents. It is found that behavioural changes themselves are not dependent on the perceived acceptability of road pricing. In addition, earlier findings concerning the acceptability of push measures are validated, and the relevance of using latent factors rather than aggregate indicators is illustrated. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychology facing the challenges of the third millenium
Richelle, Marc ULg

in Revista Portuguesa de Psicologia (1999), 33

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See detailPsychology in Belgium
Richelle, Marc ULg; Janssen, P.; Brédart, Serge ULg

in Annual Review of Psychology (1992), 43

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See detailPsychology of migration and losses: Mourning process in families native from Democratic Republic of Congo
Thiltges, Esther ULg; D'Amore, Salvatore ULg; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg

Poster (2011, May 27)

Migration constitutes a potentially traumatic event along with cultural losses and psychic reorganizations (Moro, 1994, 1998). The lost object is physically absent but psychologically present and this ... [more ▼]

Migration constitutes a potentially traumatic event along with cultural losses and psychic reorganizations (Moro, 1994, 1998). The lost object is physically absent but psychologically present and this ambiguity precludes the mourning process (Boss, 1999). Indeed migration losses are unclear, incomplete and potentially retrievable (ex: return in the country, Falicov, 2003). The mourning process cannot be achieved because the object (country, family, cultural and social environments) is still existing (Aouattah, 2003). Nevertheless, exile does not have to be seen only as traumatizing but also as a potentially creative experience (Douville, 2001). Therefore, we also took into account benefits of the migration and individual resources. We analyzed a sample of five families from the Democratic Republic of Congo – with open questions during two meetings – and we tested the following hypothesis: "the mourning process is the result of the dynamic interactions between losses, resources and benefits ". We defined these dynamics through three steps: association and confusion; dissociation and identification; integration and achievement of the mourning process. We tested our hypothesis using Alceste – which is a statistical tool for discourse analysis – and the results confirmed it. We can state our conclusions as follows. At the first stage of the process, there exists confusion between losses, resources and benefits. At the second stage, the persons can differentiate and separate these three elements. And at the last step, people can achieve the mourning process, live with their losses and launch themselves into the future. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychometric properties of the temperament and character inventory-revised (TCI-R) in a Belgian sample.
Hansenne, Michel ULg; Delhez, Marie; Cloninger, C Robert

in Journal of Personality Assessment (2005), 85(1), 40-9

The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI; Cloninger, Przybeck, Svrakic, & Wetzel, 1994) is a self-questionnaire developed to assess the 7 dimensions of personality described by Cloninger et al. (1994 ... [more ▼]

The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI; Cloninger, Przybeck, Svrakic, & Wetzel, 1994) is a self-questionnaire developed to assess the 7 dimensions of personality described by Cloninger et al. (1994) with a total of 29 subscales. In 1999, a revised version was proposed by Cloninger (TCI-R). In this study, we present psychometric properties of the TCI-R from 958 French-speaking participants of Belgium. Women exhibited higher scores for harm avoidance, reward dependence, and cooperativeness dimensions. The proposed factorial structure of 4 temperament dimensions and 3 character dimensions was confirmed. The TCI-R inventory had good test-retest reliabilities as well as good alpha coefficients. The addition of 3 new subscales to the original scale for Persistence has produced a very reliable dimension in the TCI-R. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychometrical performance of young belgian boys with unusual lead absorption : A pilot study
Thirion, Paul ULg; Sartor, Francis; Deltour, Jean-Jacques et al

in Rondia, Désiré (Ed.) Belgian research on metals cycling : Proceedings of a symposium held in Brussels, 11-12 october 1985 (1986)

Two groups of boys, 4-5 years old, living respectively in a high and low lead intake risk areas (Verviers and Liege) have been compared for two intelligence scales, for the developmental test of the ... [more ▼]

Two groups of boys, 4-5 years old, living respectively in a high and low lead intake risk areas (Verviers and Liege) have been compared for two intelligence scales, for the developmental test of the visual perception, for two French vocabulary tests and for the hair lead content. Possible psychological or sociological bias have been controlled by the matching of boys for familial variables and by exclusion of children with a non acceptable medical and psychological previous history. The results show a higher geometric mean for the hair lead concentration in the Verviers children. The mean scores of the Wechsler full scale IQ and the vocabulary tests do not differ significantly in the investigated groups. The performance subtests of the intelligence scales however give different results at the usual 5% level. The small size of the samples examined in this pilot study precludes any conclusion about the causality or the strength of the association. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychomotor disadaptation syndrome: a poorly known clinical entity
lepage, stéphanie; GILLAIN, Sophie ULg; Petermans, Jean ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2012), 67(2), 75-80

Le Syndrome de Désadaptation PsychoMotrice (SDPM) représente une entité clinique typiquement gériatrique. Il regroupe des troubles posturaux tels que la rétropulsion du corps, des troubles de la marche ... [more ▼]

Le Syndrome de Désadaptation PsychoMotrice (SDPM) représente une entité clinique typiquement gériatrique. Il regroupe des troubles posturaux tels que la rétropulsion du corps, des troubles de la marche peu spécifiques, des signes neurologiques comme une akinésie axiale et une hypertonie, ainsi que des troubles psychocomportementaux proches de ceux retrouvés dans la dépression. Son diagnostic repose tant sur la clinique que sur les données iconographiques. Ce syndrome cause des chutes qui occasionnent un sentiment d’insécurité chez la personne âgée. Celle-ci se dévalorise, risque de se replier sur elle-même et de perdre son autonomie et tout contact social. Dans cet article, nous évoquerons brièvement la physiopathologie, tenterons de rappeler les outils diagnostiques et proposerons une prise en charge des patients souffrant de ce syndrome. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychomotor retardation, spastic paraplegia, cerebellar ataxia and dyskinesia associated with low 5-methyltetrahydrofolate in cerebrospinal fluid: A novel neurometabolic condition responding to folinic acid substitution
Ramaekers, Vincent ULg; Häusler, M.; Opladen, T. et al

in Neuropediatrics (2002), 33(6), 301-308

Introduction: Normal brain development and function depend on the active transport of folates across the blood-brain barrier. The folate receptor-1 (FR1) protein is localized at the basolateral surface of ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Normal brain development and function depend on the active transport of folates across the blood-brain barrier. The folate receptor-1 (FR1) protein is localized at the basolateral surface of the choroid plexus, which is characterized by a high binding affinity for circulating 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5- MTHF). Patients and Methods: We report on the clinical and metabolic findings among five children with normal neurodevelopmental progress during the first four to six months followed by the acquisition of a neurological condition which includes marked irritability, decelerating head growth, psychomotor retardation, cerebellar ataxia, dyskinesias (choreoathetosis, ballism), pyramidal signs in the lower limbs and occasional seizures. After the age of six years the two oldest patients also manifested a central visual disorder. Known disorders have been ruled out by extensive investigations. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis included determination of biogenic monoamines, pterins and 5-MTHF. Results: Despite normal folate levels in serum and red blood cells with normal homocysteine, analysis of CSF revealed a decline towards very low values for 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF), which suggested disturbed transport of folates across the blood-brain barrier. Genetic analysis of the FR1 gene revealed normal coding sequences. Oral treatment with doses of the stable compound folinic acid (0.5-1 mg/kg/day Leucovorin®) resulted in clinical amelioration and normalization of 5-MTHF values in CSF. Conclusion: Our findings identified a new condition manifesting after the age of 6 months which was accompanied by low 5-MTHF in cerebrospinal fluid and responded to oral supplements with folinic acid. However, the cause of disturbed folate transfer across the blood-brain barrier remains unknown. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychoneuroendocrinologie et neurosciences
Scantamburlo, Gabrielle ULg

Learning material (2007)

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See detailPsychoneuroimmunologie
Scantamburlo, Gabrielle ULg

Learning material (2009)

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See detailLe psychopathe : apprésentation, chosification de l’alter ego et compétences émotionnelles
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Conference (2014, April 23)

La psychopathie est une entité diagnostique « trouble », tant au sein de la tradition psychopathologique que dans les nosographies internationales contemporaines (DSM-IV et DSM-V). Le modèle faisant ... [more ▼]

La psychopathie est une entité diagnostique « trouble », tant au sein de la tradition psychopathologique que dans les nosographies internationales contemporaines (DSM-IV et DSM-V). Le modèle faisant autorité en psychologie forensic est celui développé par R.D. Hare (2003) à travers une échelle diagnostique appelée PCL-R. Ce modèle rencontre, d’un point de vue théorique, plusieurs apories, et, d’un point de vue clinique, de nombreuses impasses. Nous proposons de réaliser un exercice de compréhension psychopathologique axé sur notre pratique clinique en nous inspirant des recommandations du courant de la psychopathologie phénoménologique (Minkowski, 1966 ; Binswanger, 1960 ; Stanghellini, 2006 ; Sass, Parnas & Zahavi, 2011). Celui-ci suggère de procéder par la mise en évidence de la structure psychopathologique qui organise le fonctionnement psychologique du sujet. De façon plus précise, nous centrerons notre propos sur deux dimensions essentielles à l’être-au-monde psychopathique. D’une part, nous réaliserons une comparaison avec l’être-au-monde maniaque à travers les variables de l’apprésentation et de la chosification de l’alter ego – telles que les développe Binswanger (1960). Nous discuterons, d’autre part, du vécu émotionnel propre à la psychopathie qui est davantage source d’adaptation (du moins en certaines situations) que de carence véritable. Ce constat nous permettra de rediscuter brièvement de la notion d’empathie en psychopathologie. Nous verrons que ces dimensions propres à l’existence psychopathique font apparaitre une thématique explicitement absente de la nosographie de Hare, celle de la morale. [less ▲]

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See detailLa psychopathie considérée sous l’angle de la psychopathologie phénoménologique
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Conference (2014, May 19)

La position de la psychopathie au sein de la tradition psychopathologique ainsi que dans les nosographies internationales contemporaines (DSM-IV et DSM-5) pose des problèmes tant épistémologiques que ... [more ▼]

La position de la psychopathie au sein de la tradition psychopathologique ainsi que dans les nosographies internationales contemporaines (DSM-IV et DSM-5) pose des problèmes tant épistémologiques que méthodologiques. À l’heure actuelle, le modèle faisant autorité est celui développé par R.D. Hare (2003) à travers l’échelle diagnostique « PCL-R ». Nous proposons de réaliser un exercice de compréhension psychopathologique (Minkowski, 1966 ; Binswanger, 1960 ; Stanghellini, 2006 ; Sass, Parnas & Zahavi, 2011) afin de procéder à la mise en évidence de la « structure psychopathologique » qui organise le fonctionnement psychologique du sujet. Cette réflexion, influencée par la pratique clinique ainsi que par certaines focalisations philosophiques, aura pour objectif de cerner différentes impasses inhérentes aux conceptions actuelles de la psychopathie. De façon plus précise, nous centrerons notre propos sur deux dimensions essentielles à l’être-au-monde psychopathique. D’une part, nous réaliserons une comparaison avec l’être-au-monde maniaque à travers les variables de l’apprésentation et de la chosification d’autrui. Nous discuterons, d’autre part, du vécu émotionnel propre à la psychopathie qui est davantage source d’adaptation (du moins en certaines situations) que de carence véritable. Ce constat nous permettra de rediscuter brièvement de la notion d’empathie en psychopathologie. Nous verrons que ces dimensions propres à l’existence psychopathique font apparaitre une thématique explicitement absente de la nosographie de Hare, celle de la morale. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychopathological correlates of dopaminergic disturbances in major depression.
Pitchot, William ULg; Hansenne, Michel ULg; Moreno, A. G. et al

in Neuropsychobiology (1990), 24(4), 169-72

In a recent report, we confirmed the role of dopamine in the pathophysiology of depression by demonstrating a blunted response of growth hormone (GH) to apomorphine, a selective dopaminergic agonist, in ... [more ▼]

In a recent report, we confirmed the role of dopamine in the pathophysiology of depression by demonstrating a blunted response of growth hormone (GH) to apomorphine, a selective dopaminergic agonist, in endogenous depressive patients. Few data are available on the possible psychopathological correlates of disturbances in the apomorphine test. In this study, we assessed the relationship between GH response to apomorphine and the Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI) scales in a sample of 20 major depressive inpatients. The GH response (area under the curve) after apomorphine injection was positively correlated with the social introversion scale scores (r = 0.56, df = 19, p less than 0.01) and the anxiety scale scores (r = 0.45, df = 19, p = 0.04). These results suggest dopaminergic overactivity in anxious psychopathology rather than in depressive psychopathology. The relationship between the social introversion scale score and the apomorphine test is in agreement with the dopaminergic hypothesis of schizophrenic disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailLa psychopathologie à la lumière des histoires de vie : Etude de la fonction narrative d’adolescents obèses et dépressifs.
Jadin, Aurore ULg; Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg; Boulard, Aurore ULg

in Née, Emilie; Daube, Jean-Michel; Valette, Mathieu (Eds.) et al Proceedings-Actes des 12èmes journées internationales d'analyse statistique de données textuelles (2014, June 05)

Obesity in adolescence is a complex chronic illness with havy consequences in short, medium and long terms, both in terms of physical health and mental health, disturbing the body and identity of these ... [more ▼]

Obesity in adolescence is a complex chronic illness with havy consequences in short, medium and long terms, both in terms of physical health and mental health, disturbing the body and identity of these youngs (High Authority of Health, 2011; Nietsen and Bruwier, 2007). The literature mentions depression as a pathology associated with obesity. Some researchers consider obesity as a cause of depressive symptoms while others researchers see depression like a risk factor for excessive weight gain (Blaine, 2008). Depression in adolescence has been the subject of epidemiological studies for some years. In adolescents, the prevalence rates vary from 5 to 7 % for major depressive episode (MDE) with a prevalence of 2 girls for one boy (Alvin and Marcelli, 2005). The specific symptoms of depressed mood are present in 30-40 % of schooled adolescents (Boulard et al., 2012). During adolescence, the individual acquires the ability to link the various elements of one’s life and build a coherent life story. The adolescent will write one’s story in a personal context. According to Habermas et al. (2008), both the form and the content of life stories show how the individual integrates the lived experiences in a coherent whole. Based on the statistical analysis of textual data, we compared the life stories of 28 obese adolescents, depressed schooled adolescents, depressed hospitalized adolescents and control ones. The first results show specific structures and particular contents depending on these groups. The use of pronouns, temporal markers and the reported events differ by groups. Beyond clinical results, this research also highlights the interest of statistical analysis of textual data (ADT) to improve the understanding of adolescent’s psychopathology. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychopathologie de l'homme en situation : Le corps du détenu dans l'univers carcéral
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Book published by Hermann (2013)

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See detailPsychopathologie et phénoménologie : autour d’Eugen Minkowski
Cormann, Grégory ULg

Conference (2007, May 09)

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See detailPsychopathologie et philosophie du visage en prison
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2014, March 18)

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See detailPsychopathologie, alimentation et sexualité
Desseilles, Martin; Kempeneers, Philippe ULg

in Sexualités Humaines : Revue de Sexologie des Professionnels de Santé (2014), 22

L'alimentation et la sexualité entretiennent des liens de réciprocité principalement indirects tant dans les premiers stades de développement psychosexuel de l'individu que dans les mécanismes ... [more ▼]

L'alimentation et la sexualité entretiennent des liens de réciprocité principalement indirects tant dans les premiers stades de développement psychosexuel de l'individu que dans les mécanismes physiologiques ou physiopathologiques. Dans cet article nous passerons en revue ces interrelations en essayant d'y apporter un éclairage nuancé et clinique [less ▲]

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