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See detailPrevalence and spread of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing
Magoue Lonchel, Carine ULg; MELIN, Pierrette ULg; Gangoué-Piéboji, J et al

in Clinical Microbiology & Infection (2013), 19(9), 416-20

During April 2010 and June 2010, 334 Enterobacteriaceae isolates from 590 participants (outpatients, inpatients, inpatient carers, hospital workers and members of their households) were collected from ... [more ▼]

During April 2010 and June 2010, 334 Enterobacteriaceae isolates from 590 participants (outpatients, inpatients, inpatient carers, hospital workers and members of their households) were collected from faecal samples. Based on b-lactamase pattern, origin of strains and the relationship between participants, 44 isolates of extended-spectrum b-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were selected from 44 participants (in Ngaoundere Protestant Hospital and Ngaoundere Regional Hospital, Cameroon). To determine the relatedness of bacterial strains, these isolates were fingerprinted using the automated, repetitive-sequenced-based PCR-based DiversiLab system. Subsequently, E. coli isolates that had undergone DiversiLab analysis were examined with respect to their phylogenetic group and detection of the ST131 clone to shed light on the epidemiology of these isolates in the Ngaoundere hospitals. The prevalence of faecal carriage of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae among the study participants was 54.06%. According to participant groups, the prevalence of faecal carriage was also high (outpatients 45%; inpatients 67%; inpatient carers 57%; hospital workers 44%; and members of their households 46%). Analysis of the molecular epidemiology of ESBL-producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae showed a close relationship of the isolates between related and nonrelated individuals. In addition, DiversiLab results of E. coli identified four related isolates (4/22) from cluster III belonging to the epidemiologically important clone ST131. Our results highlight the importance of outpatients, inpatients, their carers, hospital workers and their families as reservoirs of ESBLproducing Enterobacteriaceae. [less ▲]

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See detailPrevalence de l'infection par le VIH chez les femmes enceintes. Etude en milieu rural africain.
Mathe, M Kirere; Rigo, Jacques ULg; Sontag, Danièle et al

in Revue d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique (2008), 56(6), 407-13

BACKGROUND: The goal of the study is to assess the prevalence and risk factors of HIV in pregnant women in the North-East rural area of the Democratic Republic of Congo. METHODS: We undertook an ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The goal of the study is to assess the prevalence and risk factors of HIV in pregnant women in the North-East rural area of the Democratic Republic of Congo. METHODS: We undertook an exploratory study on women attending the antenatal care during the study period (from December 2002 to December 2004) in the referral General hospital of the health catchments' area of Oicha (DRC). Women with gestational age equal or above 36 weeks were included in the study. After a first test using rapid test Abbott Determine locally, a second crossing check was performed in the referral HIV laboratory in Liege (Belgium). RESULTS: Among 5016 participants tested, 94 were positive (prevalence of 1.9% [CI95% 1.5-2.5]). Following factors predict a risk of being positive among participants: the statute of displacement (OR: 5.77; IC95%: 3.59-9.29); widowhood and divorces (OR: 4.47; IC95%: 1.47-13.60); mobility related to the profession of the husband (OR: 4.00; IC95%: 2.36-6,75); living the countryside (OR: 1.67; IC95%: 1.06-2.62; p: 0.0258). [less ▲]

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See detailPrévalence de l’ostéochondrose chez le cheval de sport en Wallonie
Vander Heyden, Laurent ULg; Serteyn, Didier ULg; Caudron, Isabelle et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2008), 152(3), 131-137

Osteochondrosis (OC), a developmental orthopaedic disease, is consecutive to a defect in the endochondral ossification process, and can result in formation of an osteochondral fragment (osteochondrosis ... [more ▼]

Osteochondrosis (OC), a developmental orthopaedic disease, is consecutive to a defect in the endochondral ossification process, and can result in formation of an osteochondral fragment (osteochondrosis dissecans). Our objective is to establish the prevalence of osteochondrosis in Wallonia, and describe the main observed lesions. One hundred forty-two Warmblood horses, aged from 12 to 36 months, underwent a systematic X-ray examination. Sixty-three of these horses (44.4 %) presented one or more OC lesions, 46 (32.4 %) of them with an articular fragment. This prevalence is similar to those observed in Dutch Warmblood horses (44.3 %). The localisation of the lesions was as follows: 25 (17.6 %) of the experimental group showed one or more lesions in the hindlimbs fetlocks, 23 (16.2 %) in the hocks, 21 (14.8 %) in the stifles and 14 (9.9 %) in the forelimbs fetlocks. The medial ridge of the talus is the most frequently injured anatomical site in our study. This lesion was observed in 12 horses (8.4 %), a prevalence that is by far higher than those observed in Dutch Warmblood horses (2.9 %). Not any significant difference was observed between males and females. The high prevalence and the clinical and economic consequences of this disease in the horse’s industry fully justify further research in order to improve the understanding of its pathogenic process. [less ▲]

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See detailPrévalence de la sarcopénie : impact de l'utilisation de différentes valeurs seuils de diagnostic
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Slomian, Justine ULg et al

in Cahiers de l'Année Gérontologique (Les) (2014), 2(23), 513-75

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See detailPrévalence des calcifications vasculaires et facteurs associés chez le patient hémodialysé
XHIGNESSE, Patricia ULg; Saint-Remy, Annie ULg; WEEKERS, Laurent ULg et al

Poster (2005, September 27)

Les maladies cardiovasculaires constituent la première cause de décès chez les patients dialysés chroniques. Parmi les facteurs impliqués on trouve les anomalies du métabolisme phosphocalcique. Le but de ... [more ▼]

Les maladies cardiovasculaires constituent la première cause de décès chez les patients dialysés chroniques. Parmi les facteurs impliqués on trouve les anomalies du métabolisme phosphocalcique. Le but de cette étude est de relier l'incidence de nouvelles calcifications et des décès (22%, n=18) avec les paramètres du métabolisme phosphocalcique au travers d'une étude prospective portant sur les années 2003-2004. L'établissement d'un score de calcification vasculaire précoce (dès la prise en charge en dialyse) permettra un suivi étroit et une adaptation prudente du traitement contrôlant le métaboisme phosphocalcique. [less ▲]

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See detailPrévalence des calcifications vasculaires et facteurs associés chez le patient hémodialysé
Xhignesse, Patricia ULg; Saint-Remy, Annie ULg; Weekers, Laurent ULg et al

in Néphrologie & Thérapeutique (2005, September), 1(S2), 107

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See detailPrévalence des cas de lymphadénite granulomateuse sous‐maxillaire chez des porcs abattus en Belgique
Vyt, Philip; Denoël, Joseph ULg; Cassart, Dominique ULg et al

Poster (2013, February 06)

In pigs the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) causes granulomatous lymphadenitis. Carcasses with such lesions must be detected, as parts of the affected carcasses and organs have to be condemned. These ... [more ▼]

In pigs the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) causes granulomatous lymphadenitis. Carcasses with such lesions must be detected, as parts of the affected carcasses and organs have to be condemned. These nontuberculous mycobacteria are opportunistic pathogens which have acquired an increasing importance in public health in recent decades due to their ability to cause lung diseases, lymphadenitis in children and systemic infections in immunocompromised patients ‐ even if the potential risk of infection of an immunocompromised person by MAC in the consumption of undercooked pork still has to be determined. The first objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of submandibular granulomatous lymphadenitis in pigs slaughtered in Belgium. Between August 2010 and September 2011, 16,211 carcasses were inspected by the same veterinarian in 2 slaughterhouses – one in Flanders, the other in Wallonia. Eighty‐six suspected cases of submandibular granulomatous lymphadenitis (0.53% of pigs; 95% Confidence Interval: 0.42‐0.65%) were identified, collected and submitted to histopathological (Ziehl‐Neelsen and haematoxylin‐eosin staining) and bacteriological (culture, PCR, molecular typing) tests. The second objective of the study was to characterize lesions and to identify the relative importance of MAC and Rhodococcus equi to explain the lesions. Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis (MAH) was isolated from 6 lymph nodes (7.0%; 95% CI: 2.6‐14.6%) and Rhodococcus equi from 45 (52.3%; 95% CI: 41.3‐63.2%). The final objective of the study consisted in farm investigation to evaluate the possible source of contamination of pigs by MAH. Potential sources such as sawdust, water, wild birds and/or cattle were identified. [less ▲]

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See detailPrevalence des differentes especes de Candida au niveau vaginal dans la region Liegeoise
Senterre, J. M.; Carpentier, Martine ULg; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2005), 60(11), 882-4

We calculated the prevalences of different yeast species isolated from more than 20,000 vulvovaginal specimens carried out at the CHR hospital in Liege. To assess the value of the observed relative ... [more ▼]

We calculated the prevalences of different yeast species isolated from more than 20,000 vulvovaginal specimens carried out at the CHR hospital in Liege. To assess the value of the observed relative frequencies, the culture results of 149 samples were confronted with those of a real-time PCR technique of fungal identification. With a prevalence close to 90%, Candida albicans remains the largely dominant species. In contrast with other teams, we observed no increase of the prevalences of Candida non-albicans species. [less ▲]

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See detailPrévalence des mutations du gène AIP dans les adénomes hypophysaires familiaux
Beckers, Albert ULg

Scientific conference (2007, September)

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See detailPrévalence des mycoplasmes dans les troubles respiratoires chez les bovins et propriétés spécifiques d'adhérence de Mycoplasma bovis
Thomas, A; Dizier, I; Ball, HJ et al

Book published by Service Public Fédéral, Ministère de la Santé publique (2004)

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See detailPrévalence des polypes coliques chez l'acromégale, étude coloscopique de 80 patients
Laurent-Puig, P.; Deneux, C.; Delhougne, B. et al

in Journées Francophones de pathologie digestive - Abstract book (1995)

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See detailPrévalence des polypes coliques chez l'acromégale. Etude coloscopique de 80 patients
Deneux, c; Delhougne, B.; Beckers, Albert ULg et al

in XIIème congrès de la Société Française d'endocrinologie - Abstract book (1994)

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