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See detailMitigating the Nuclear ‘Dual-Use Dilemma’: Suggestions for the Enhancement of the Culture of Responsibility
Colussi, Ilaria Anna ULg

Conference (2015, November 19)

The speech aims at delineating a proper ethical and legal response to the ‘dual-use dilemma’ of nuclear science and technologies. After assessing the different models of governance proposed so far in ... [more ▼]

The speech aims at delineating a proper ethical and legal response to the ‘dual-use dilemma’ of nuclear science and technologies. After assessing the different models of governance proposed so far in nuclear field for addressing the ‘dual-use’ feature of nuclear technologies, and based on precautionary, proactionary or cost/benefit approaches, it suggests the adoption of a framework based on the notion of ‘responsible stewardship’. This model entails: (a) a constant analysis of nuclear technology, both on the side of risks and of benefits, through the involvement and cooperation of all the stakeholders in the field (the involvement of both ‘top down’ and ‘bottom up’ actors, i.e. governments and scientific community); (b) the adoption of policies through ‘hard law’ and ‘soft law’ sources, which should be periodically revised, and based on the proportionality principle and the reasonableness one (with a balance among rights and freedom, from a constitutional viewpoint); (c) an ongoing communication, dialogue and interaction between actors in the nuclear area. A specific attention is devoted to the balance between the freedom to research and the security needs. Then, the concrete ways for applying such model are explained, in particular with regards to the issue of control of materials, education of people, and control of information. Finally, the historical steps in the governance of nuclear technologies and the positions of different religions addressing the issue have been explored, in order to provide some examples of the suggested approach. [less ▲]

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See detailMitigating the Nuclear ‘Dual-Use Dilemma’: Suggestions for the Enhancement of the Culture of Responsibility
Colussi, Ilaria Anna ULg

in Fleck, Dieter; Black-Branch, Jonathan (Eds.) Nuclear Non-Proliferation in International Law. Vol. III: Legal Aspects of the Use of Nuclear Energy for Peaceful Purposes (2016)

This Chapter aims at delineating a proper ethical and legal response to the ‘dual-use dilemma’ of nuclear science and technologies. After assessing the different models of governance proposed so far for ... [more ▼]

This Chapter aims at delineating a proper ethical and legal response to the ‘dual-use dilemma’ of nuclear science and technologies. After assessing the different models of governance proposed so far for addressing the ‘dual-use’ feature of nuclear technologies, and based on precautionary, proactionary and cost/benefit approaches, it develops a framework based on the notion of ‘responsible stewardship’. This framework is based on a comprehensive analysis – through the involvement and cooperation, as much as possible, of all the stakeholders in the field – of both the advantages and the risks of the nuclear area, considering social, ethical, legal, environmental and political values. The policies then adopted are periodically and constantly revised (according to a ‘step by step’ principle) and based on the proportional balance of interests, values and rights at stake. A multilevel framework of sources and actors is involved in such a responsible process. A specific attention is devoted to the balance between the freedom to research and the security needs at the individual and at the State level, in particular focusing on Article IV of the Treaty of Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Concrete ways for applying such model are explained, in particular with regard to the control of materials, education of people, and control of information. Finally, the historical steps in the governance of nuclear technologies are explored and some examples provided for the suggested approach. [less ▲]

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See detailMitigating transported conflicts
Perrin, Nathalie ULg; Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Féron, Elise; Orrnert, Anna (Eds.) The INFOCON Mousebook. Transnational Communities and Conflicts. Challenges and how to address them (2011)

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See detailMitigation of ionospheric effects on GNSS
Warnant, René ULg; Foelsche, Ulrich; Aquino, Marcio et al

in Annals of Geophysics = Annali di Geofisica (2009), 52(3-4), 373-390

The effects of the ionosphere remain one of the main factors which limit the precision and the reliability of many GNSS applications. It is therefore indispensable on the one hand to improve existing ... [more ▼]

The effects of the ionosphere remain one of the main factors which limit the precision and the reliability of many GNSS applications. It is therefore indispensable on the one hand to improve existing mitigation techniques and on the other hand to assess their remaining weaknesses. Mitigation techniques depend on the type of application considered. Therefore, specific mitigation techniques have to be developed. The paper summarizes work performed on this topic in the frame of WP 3.2 “Mitigation techniques” of COST296. [less ▲]

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See detailMitigation of seismic soft storey failures of RC structures by composite steel-concrete columns
Plumier, André ULg; Doneux, Catherine; Stoychev, Lyubomir

in Proceedings of the EUROSTEEL Conference 2005 (2005)

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See detailMitigation of soft storey failures of RC structures under earthquake by encased steel profiles
Plumier, André ULg; Doneux, Catherine; Stoychev, Lyubomir et al

in Proceedings of the ICASS'05 Conference (2005)

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See detailMitigation of the torsional flutter phenomenon of bridge deck section during a lifting phase
Andrianne, Thomas ULg; De Ville De Goyet, Vincent ULg

in Mitigation of the torsional flutter phenomenon of bridge deck section during a lifting phase (2016, June)

This paper presents a complete analysis of the aeroelastic behaviour of a deck section during the construction stage of the Third Bosphorus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey. The combination of the low torsional ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a complete analysis of the aeroelastic behaviour of a deck section during the construction stage of the Third Bosphorus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey. The combination of the low torsional stiffness along the vertical axis and the unstable aerodynamic shape of the suspended deck section led to a torsional flutter instability for a low wind speed (9.6 m/s). This low critical wind speed was obviously very likely to occur on the site of construction, so that mitigation actions were be implemented. It was decided to cover partially the sides of the deck section in order to modify adequately its aerodynamic shape. It is demonstrated that the proposed aerodynamic counter-measures increase the critical torsional flutter wind speed up to 39.5 m/s (worst configuration), which is acceptable for the construction phase of the bridge. The proposed mitigation solution was implemented and no torsional oscillations were observed. [less ▲]

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See detailMitigation Potential of Artificial Ocean Alkalinization For Ocean Acidification and Atmospheric CO2
Ilyina, Tatiana; Wolf-Gladrow, Dieter; Munhoven, Guy ULg et al

Poster (2012, September)

Fossil fuel CO2 emissions result in climate change and ocean acidification. Enhanced weathering or artificial ocean alkalinization (AOA) has been proposed as a geoengineering method to mitigate further ... [more ▼]

Fossil fuel CO2 emissions result in climate change and ocean acidification. Enhanced weathering or artificial ocean alkalinization (AOA) has been proposed as a geoengineering method to mitigate further increase of atmospheric CO2 and decrease of ocean pH. A variant of AOA involves reacting carbonates and adding the dissolved materials into the upper ocean. The net effect of this approach is to increase ocean alkalinity, thereby increasing the oceanic capacity to store fossil fuel CO2. Another effect of adding alkalinity would be to drive seawater to higher pH values and thus counteract the ongoing ocean acidification. We test implications of AOA for marine carbon cycle using the global ocean biogeochemical model HAMOCC. In our model scenarios we add alkalinity in the amounts proportional to fossil fuel emissions. We show that large-scale AOA scenarios in which large amounts of alkalinity are added would be necessary to avoid a significant increase in atmospheric CO2 and to hold the global seawater pH close to today’s value. Even a short-term AOA would have long-lasting effects on seawater chemistry. When AOA stops, atmospheric CO2 (and pH) reverts back to rising (decreasing) at the rate determined by the fossil fuel CO2 emissions growth, but the effect of AOA is permanent. Hence, in contrast to SRM, effects of AOA on seawater chemistry and atmospheric CO2 retain after stopping alkalinity addition; AOA would not involve a long-term commitment. [less ▲]

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See detailMitigation strategies versus Adaptation strategies
Gengler, Nicolas ULg

Conference (2014, August 17)

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See detailIl mito culturale di Cartagine nel primo Novecento tra letteratura e cinema
Curreri, Luciano ULg

in Alovisio, Silvio; Barbera, Alberto (Eds.) Cabiria & Cabiria (2006)

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See detailIl mito di Pinocchio
Curreri, Luciano ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2014)

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See detailMito y realidad de la Responsabilidad Social Corporativa en Colombia RSC. ¿Estamos preparados para la ISO26000?
Parra Santamaria, Lusmiriam Andrea ULg

Book published by Editions Educosta - 1e éd. (2010)

La Responsabilidad Social Corporativa o RSC podría definirse como un compromiso (no vinculante) que asumen voluntariamente las empresas para con el desarrollo sostenible, el respeto a todos los recursos ... [more ▼]

La Responsabilidad Social Corporativa o RSC podría definirse como un compromiso (no vinculante) que asumen voluntariamente las empresas para con el desarrollo sostenible, el respeto a todos los recursos de trabajo y naturales, y las normas legales vigentes de los países receptores de empresas multinacionales. Concierne a todos los actores empresariales (stakeholders, shareholders, gobiernos, trabajadores, demás entes), lo que se ha venido acompañando por la consolidación de instrumentos que permiten medir el grado de responsabilidad social de las empresas. Mucho se ha difundido acerca del tema de la globalización y de la nueva distribución internacional que esta trajo consigo. Mucho se dijo, igualmente, acerca del hecho de que la prueba más contundente de su existencia es la presencia de compañías multinacionales a lo largo y ancho del planeta. Es definitivamente claro, y ya nadie se atreve a ponerlo en duda, que la globalización trajo consigo la eliminación de todas las barreras físicas para el desarrollo de los negocios en cualquier lugar del mundo. El mundo empresarial, dejó de tener límites. Hoy en día las compañías pueden establecer y desarrollar sus operaciones simultáneamente en diferentes partes del mundo si esa es su visión. Mediante un estudio comparativo de las acciones de RSC de cuatro compañías multinacionales en Colombia (dos del sector de la distribución al menudeo: CARREFOUR y MAKRO; dos del sector petrolero: OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM COMPANY (OXY) y BRITISH Petroleum Company (BP)), se observa y analiza (desde un marco general) cómo los lineamientos de las actividades de estas cuatro multinacionales cumplen los principios de responsabilidad social universalmente aceptados y contenidos en la nueva certificación de RSC ISO26000. Esto nos ha permitido establecer si las multinacionales en Colombia están preparadas para el arribo de la certificación en cuestión. Aquí se entiende por acciones de RSC las contenidas en las declaraciones oficiales de dichas compañías al respecto de la Responsabilidad Social Corporativa. El criterio que define oficial en este sentido es la presentación pública de las mismas en espacios de acceso masivo a la información como la página web de esas compañías. Es así como desde un marco específico se busca demostrar que existen diferencias entre los aspectos privilegiados por las mismas y que dichas diferencias tienen que ver con el sector en el que se desarrolle su operación. [less ▲]

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See detailMitoc-Malu Galben: étude de l'industrie lithique
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg; Chirica, Vasile et al

in Otte, Marcel; Chirica, Vasile; Haesaerts, Paul (Eds.) L'Aurignacien et le Gravettien de Mitoc-Malu Galben (Moldavie roumaine) (2007)

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See detailMitoc-Malu Galben: industrie osseuse et témoins esthétiques
Chirica, Vasile; Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Otte, Marcel; Chirica, Vasile; Haesaerts, Paul (Eds.) L'Aurignacien et le Gravettien de Mitoc-Malu Galben (Moldavie roumaine) (2007)

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See detailThe mitochondria-related phenotype in the osteoarthritis disease
Rego-Perez, I; Fernadez-Moreno, M; DEBERG, Michelle ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2010)

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See detailMitochondrial and cytoplasmic asparaginyl-tRNA synthetases from S. cerevisiae.
Landrieu, Isabelle; Vandenbol, Micheline ULg; Hartlein, M. et al

Poster (1997)

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See detailMitochondrial Asparaginyl-Trna Synthetase Is Encoded By The Yeast Nuclear Gene Ycr24c
Landrieu, I.; Vandenbol, Micheline ULg; Hartlein, M. et al

in European Journal of Biochemistry (1997), 243(1-2),

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See detailThe mitochondrial ATP synthase of chlorophycean algae contains eight subunits of unknown origin involved in the formation of an atypical stator-stalk and in the dimerization of the complex
Vazquez-Acevedo, Miriam; Cardol, Pierre ULg; Cano-Estrada, Araceli et al

in Journal of Bioenergetics & Biomembranes (2006), 38(5-6), 271-282

Mitochondrial F1FO-ATP synthase of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Polytomella sp. is a dimer of 1,600,000 Da. In Chlamydomonas the enzyme lacks the classical subunits that constitute the peripheral stator ... [more ▼]

Mitochondrial F1FO-ATP synthase of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Polytomella sp. is a dimer of 1,600,000 Da. In Chlamydomonas the enzyme lacks the classical subunits that constitute the peripheral stator-stalk as well as those involved in the dimerization of the fungal and mammal complex. Instead, it contains eight novel polypeptides named ASA1 to 8. We show that homologs of these subunits are also present in the chlorophycean algae Polytomella sp. and Volvox carterii. Blue Native Gel Electrophoresis analysis of mitochondria from different green algal species also indicates that stable dimeric mitochondrial ATP synthases may be characteristic of all Chlorophyceae. One additional subunit, ASA9, was identified in the purified mitochondrial ATP synthase of Polytomella sp. The dissociation profile of the Polytomella enzyme at high-temperatures and cross-linking experiments finally suggest that some of the ASA polypeptides constitute a stator-stalk with a unique architecture, while others may be involved in the formation of a highly-stable dimeric complex. The algal enzyme seems to have modified the structural features of its surrounding scaffold, while conserving almost intact the structure of its catalytic subunits. [less ▲]

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