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See detailMethane production from the most accessible vegetal wastes of Kinshasa City: mango and cassava leaves
Mambanzulua Ngoma, Philippe ULg; Hiligsmann, Serge; Sumbu Zola, Eric et al

Poster (2013, June)

Leaves of Mangifera Indica (MI, mango leaves) and Manihot Utilissima (MU, cassava leaves) are available in tropical regions and are the most accessible vegetal wastes of Kinshasa, capital of Democratic ... [more ▼]

Leaves of Mangifera Indica (MI, mango leaves) and Manihot Utilissima (MU, cassava leaves) are available in tropical regions and are the most accessible vegetal wastes of Kinshasa, capital of Democratic Republic of Congo. These wastes are not suitably managed and are not rationally valorized. They are abandoned in full air, on the soil and in the rivers. They thus pollute environment. By contrast, they can be recuperated and treated in order to produce methane (energy source), organic fertilizer and clean up the environment simultaneously. The main objective of this study was to investigate methane production from MI and MU leaves by BMP tests at 30 °C. The yields achieved from the anaerobic digestion of up to 61.3 g raw matter in 1 l medium were 0.001 l/g and 0.100 l CH4/g volatile solids of MI and MU leaves respectively. The yield of MU leaves was in the range mentioned in the literature for other leaves because of a poor presence of bioactive substrates, and low C/N ratio. By contrast, the methane yield from MI leaves was almost nil suggesting some metabolism inhibition because of their rich composition in carbon and bioactive substrates. Whereas classical acidogenesis and acetogenesis were recorded. [less ▲]

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See detailMethane balance of an intensively grazed pasture and estimation of the enteric methane emissions from cattle
Dumortier, Pierre ULg; Aubinet, Marc ULg; Beckers, Yves ULg et al

in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (2017), 232

The methane turbulent fluxes of an intensively grazed pasture were measured continuously from June 2012 to December 2013 at the Dorinne Terrestrial Observatory (DTO) in Belgium. During grazing periods ... [more ▼]

The methane turbulent fluxes of an intensively grazed pasture were measured continuously from June 2012 to December 2013 at the Dorinne Terrestrial Observatory (DTO) in Belgium. During grazing periods, the fluxes were dominated by enteric fermentation and were found to be strongly related to cow stocking density. In 2013, total emission from the pasture was found between 9 and 11 g CH4 m−2, 97% of which being emitted during grazing periods. Emission per LU (livestock unit) was estimated in a non-invasive way by integrating eddy covariance fluxes over large periods and by assuming a homogeneous average cattle disposition on the pasture. This estimate was compared to the one obtained during confinement periods, where cows were confined in a small part of the pasture. The emission per LU varied between 104 and 134 g CH4 LU−1 day−1 (13 and 17 g CH4 kg DMI−1), depending on the dataset and the computation method used. Diel course was characterized by two emission peaks, one in the morning and a larger one in the afternoon. For rest periods (no cattle on the pasture), small emissions were observed (median and mean values of 0.5 and 1.5 mg CH4 m−2 day−1, respectively). [less ▲]

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See detailMethane distributions and sea-to-air fluxes in the South China Sea and the West Philippines Sea
Tseng; Chen; Borges, Alberto ULg et al

Poster (2015, July 07)

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See detailMethane distributions and sea-to-air fluxes in the South China Sea and the West Philippines Sea
Tseng, HC; Chen, C-T A; Borges, Alberto ULg et al

Conference (2015, September 14)

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See detailMethane in the South China Sea and the Western Philippine Sea
Tseng, Hsiao-Chun; Chen, Chen-Tung Arthur; Borges, Alberto ULg et al

in Continental Shelf Research (2017), 135

Approximately 700 water samples from the South China Sea (SCS) and 300 water samples from the western Philippine Sea (wPS) were collected during eight cruises from August 2003 to July 2007 to determine ... [more ▼]

Approximately 700 water samples from the South China Sea (SCS) and 300 water samples from the western Philippine Sea (wPS) were collected during eight cruises from August 2003 to July 2007 to determine methane (CH4) distributions from the surface to a depth of 4250 m. The surface CH4 concentrations exceeded atmospheric equilibrium, both in the SCS and the wPS, and the concentrations were 4.5±3.6 and 3.0±1.2 nmol L−1, respectively. The sea-to-air fluxes were calculated, and the SCS and the wPS were found to emit CH4 to the atmosphere at 8.6±6.4 µmol m−2 d−1 and 4.9±4.9 µmol m−2 d−1, respectively. In the SCS, CH4 emissions were higher over the continental shelf (11.0±7.4 µmol m−2 d−1) than over the deep ocean (6.1±6.0 µmol m−2 d−1), owing to greater biological productivity and closer coupling with the sediments on the continental shelf. The SCS emitted 30.1×106 mol d−1 CH4 to the atmosphere and exported 1.82×106 mol d−1 CH4 to the wPS. The concentrations of both CH4 and chlorophyll a were high in the 150 m surface layer of the wPS, but were not significantly correlated with each other. CH4 concentrations generally declined with increasing depth below the euphotic zone but remained constant below 1,000 m, both in the SCS and the wPS. Some high CH4 concentrations were observed at mid-depths and bottom waters in the SCS, and were most likely caused by the release of CH4 from gas hydrates or gas seepage. [less ▲]

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See detailMethane production in sediments: the results of a theoretical model
François, Louis ULg; Walker, J. C. G.

in Crutzen, P. J.; Gérard, J.-C.; Zander, R. (Eds.) Our Changing Atmosphere, Proceedings of the 28th Liège International Astrophysical Colloquium (1989)

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See detailMethanol dissociative adsorption on Pt(1 0 0) as studied by nonlinear vibrational spectroscopy
Vidal, Franck; Busson, B.; Six, C. et al

in Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry (2004), 563

The methanol dissociative adsorption on Pt(1 0 0) at low potentials in the hydrogen region is studied using nonlinear vibrational sum-frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy. It is shown that adsorbed ... [more ▼]

The methanol dissociative adsorption on Pt(1 0 0) at low potentials in the hydrogen region is studied using nonlinear vibrational sum-frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy. It is shown that adsorbed hydrogen atoms effectively block atop sites at the surface. In the hydrogen potential region, CO produced by the methanol dissociation adsorbs at step-edges and in bridge sites on terraces as shown by the characteristic stretching frequencies observed for adsorbed CO. [less ▲]

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See detailMethanol emissions from maize: Ontogenetic dependence to varying light conditions and guttation as an additional factor constraining the flux
Mozaffar, Ahsan ULg; Schoon, N.; Digrado, Anthony ULg et al

in Atmospheric Environment (2017), 152

Because of its high abundance and long lifetime compared to other volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere, methanol (CH3OH) plays an important role in atmospheric chemistry. Even though agricultural ... [more ▼]

Because of its high abundance and long lifetime compared to other volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere, methanol (CH3OH) plays an important role in atmospheric chemistry. Even though agricultural crops are believed to be a large source of methanol, emission inventories from those crop ecosystems are still scarce and little information is available concerning the driving mechanisms for methanol production and emission at different developmental stages of the plants/leaves. This study focuses on methanol emissions from Zea mays L. (maize), which is vastly cultivated throughout the world. Flux measurements have been performed on young plants, almost fully grown leaves and fully grown leaves, enclosed in dynamic flow-through enclosures in a temperature and light-controlled environmental chamber. Strong differences in the response of methanol emissions to variations in PPFD (Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density) were noticed between the young plants, almost fully grown and fully grown leaves. Moreover, young maize plants showed strong emission peaks following light/dark transitions, for which guttation can be put forward as a hypothetical pathway. Young plants’ average daily methanol fluxes exceeded by a factor of 17 those of almost fully grown and fully grown leaves when expressed per leaf area. Absolute flux values were found to be smaller than those reported in the literature, but in fair agreement with recent ecosystem scale flux measurements above a maize field of the same variety as used in this study. [less ▲]

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See detailMethanotrophy within the water column of a large meromictic tropical lake (Lake Kivu, East Africa)
Morana, C.; Borges, Alberto ULg; Roland, Fleur ULg et al

in Biogeosciences (2015), 12(7), 2077-2088

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See detailMethionine-derived Schiff base as selective fluorescent “turn-on”chemosensor for Zn2+in aqueous medium and its application in livingcells imaging
Faiz-Ur-Rahman; Ali, Amjad ULg; Rong Guo et al

in Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical (2015)

tWe describe the quantitative synthesis of a Schiff base derived from methionine and salicylaldehyde(SMSB) which displayed turn-on selective fluorescent chemo-sensing properties for Zn2+in bufferedCH3CN ... [more ▼]

tWe describe the quantitative synthesis of a Schiff base derived from methionine and salicylaldehyde(SMSB) which displayed turn-on selective fluorescent chemo-sensing properties for Zn2+in bufferedCH3CN/H2O (1:1) solution. In physiological pH (7.2 buffered) SMSB exhibited high selectivity and sen-sitivity toward Zn2+over the other selected metal ions. Upon the addition of Zn2+33 folds of emissionenhancement was observed in SMSB and limit of detection (CL) for Zn2+was found to be 5.0 × 10−7M. Thisbinding phenomenon was studied by1H NMR and HR-MS analysis. Mass spectrometry analysis revealedthat SMSB interacts with Zn2+and form a 1:1 complex, also confirmed by Job’s plot. This probe wascompletely retrieved by adding EDTANa2solution, exhibited a fluorescent quenching effect by removingZn2+from the sensor. SMSB was observed to have a good tolerance for fluorescence detection of Zn2+in pH range 6–10. Furthermore it is successfully investigated for living cells imaging using MCF-7 cells.Combine experimental results indicated SMSB to be a useful and powerful chemosensing probe for Zn2+in water as well as in living cells. [less ▲]

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See detailMethis (7): Agir dans la ville.
Hamers, Jérémy ULg; Darcis, Damien ULg

Book published by Editions de l’Université de Liège (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (5 ULg)
See detailMethIS I : Réalité et Représentation
Cormann, Grégory ULg; Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg; Letawe, Céline ULg

Book published by Editions de l’Université de Liège (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (22 ULg)
See detailMethIS V. La valeur de la science. Pourquoi évaluer la recherche
Cormann, Grégory ULg; Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg

Book published by Presses universitaires de Liège (in press)

Actes du colloque du 10 et 11 décembre 2009 qui s'est tenu à Liège à l'initiative du personnel scientifique

Detailed reference viewed: 96 (24 ULg)
See detailMETHis VI. Images fixes / Images en mouvement
Bert, Mathilde ULg; Falque, Ingrid ULg; Hagelstein, Maud ULg

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Liège (2016)

Dans le domaine de la théorie de l’image (que celle-ci soit matérielle, imagi- naire, animée, littéraire, onirique, etc.), la réflexion actuelle porte fréquemment sur les liens de l’image au mouvement. Et ... [more ▼]

Dans le domaine de la théorie de l’image (que celle-ci soit matérielle, imagi- naire, animée, littéraire, onirique, etc.), la réflexion actuelle porte fréquemment sur les liens de l’image au mouvement. Et pour cause, ce lien s’avère essentiel : comme le montraient déjà les expérimentations chronophotographiques du pionnier de la photographie Etienne-Jules Marey, l’image – pourtant caractérisée par sa fixité – nourrit depuis toujours un rapport constant avec l’idée de mouvement. D’ailleurs, à observer les travaux récents des chercheurs concer- nés par le visuel, quand l’image fixe – picturale ou photographique – s’envisage désormais depuis le point de vue de la Dynamis, l’image animée est de plus en plus régulièrement valorisée dans sa fixité. Le plan peut ainsi par exemple être isolé du flux cinématographique, lorsque l’on interroge sa valeur d’exposition, ou lorsqu’il est érigé en image emblématique : le cinéaste Stanley Kubrick parlait à propos de telles images d’« unités insubmersibles » (non-submersible units) et exigeait d’un grand film qu’il en comprenne au moins six. L’image fixe serait fondamentalement liée à la perception d’une énergétique, quand l’image animée serait dépendante de la possibilité d’être immobilisée. Loin d’être paradoxal, ce constat définit à nos yeux la nature dialectique de l’image. Sans vouloir attribuer définitivement à cette dernière le caractère « fixe » ou « mouvant », il importera dans les textes rassemblés ici de proposer un modèle nuancé, capable de décrire concrètement la rythmique inhérente aux objets du champ visuel. Depuis les domaines de recherche variés qui nous occupent, et en repartant des cas concrets et particuliers qui attisent notre curiosité, on essaiera d’apporter notre contribution à une science culturelle transdisciplinaire, convaincus que seule une vision transversale des médias permettra de saisir l’image dans sa complexité. [less ▲]

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See detailMethIS, 2 : Pratiques du document
Letawe, Céline ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg; Stasse, Bauduin ULg et al

Book published by CEFAL/Editions de l'ULg (2009)

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See detailA method allowing long term culture and expansion of chicken primordial germ cells
Tonus, Céline ULg; Waroux, Olivier ULg; Grobet, Luc ULg

Conference (2013, March 12)

We developed an original method allowing long term culture (up to 20 month) of undifferentiated chicken PGCs, with good proliferation rates. We use a co-culture system: PGCs are cultivated in cell culture ... [more ▼]

We developed an original method allowing long term culture (up to 20 month) of undifferentiated chicken PGCs, with good proliferation rates. We use a co-culture system: PGCs are cultivated in cell culture inserts, in the presence of irradiated Buffalo Rat Liver cells. According to our own experience, physical separation of PGCs and feeder cells limits the differentiation of PGCs. Our PGCs lines keep their original phenotype including their gonadal colonization ability. We also developed a novel cryopreservation method based on vitrification, in complement of a slow rate freezing. [less ▲]

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