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See detailRecent Biomonitoring Data for POP Studies in food and human
Focant, Jean-François ULg

Scientific conference (2010, March)

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See detailRecent Characteristic Budgets of Inorganic Chlorine and Fluorine above the Jungfraujoch Station
Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg; Zander, Rodolphe ULg; Mélen, Francine et al

in Harris, N. R. P.; Kilbane-Dawe, I.; Amanatidis, G.T. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 4th European Symposium on Polar Stratospheric Ozone 1997 (1998)

Within the frame of NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change)-related monitoring activities conducted at the International Scientific Station of the Jungfraujoch (Swiss Alps, 46.5°N, 8.0°E ... [more ▼]

Within the frame of NDSC (Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change)-related monitoring activities conducted at the International Scientific Station of the Jungfraujoch (Swiss Alps, 46.5°N, 8.0°E, 3580 m a.s.l.), long-term investigations of the inorganic chlorine and fluorine budgets have been pursued during the last years. They are based on the analysis of high-resolution infrared solar spectra, recorded with grating and Fourier transform state-of-the-art spectrometers. Nonlinear least squares fittings of synthetic spectra to the observations are performed over selected intervals, encompassing characteristic absorptions of HCl, ClONO2, HF and COF2; this allows the retrieval of their total vertical column abundances above the Jungfraujoch and the evaluation of their budgets. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent climatic instability in Poland and effect of Little Ice Age on human activities
De Vleeschouwer, F.; Lamentovicz, M.; Piotrowska, N. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailRecent data on a current zoonosis: alveolar echinococcus due to Echinococcus multilocularis
Hanosset, Régis; Mignon, Bernard ULg; Losson, Bertrand ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2004), 148(4), 153-167

E. multilocularis is a small tapeworm which uses different species of foxes and rodents as final and intermediate hosts respectively. In humans, infection with the metacestode stage can result in a ... [more ▼]

E. multilocularis is a small tapeworm which uses different species of foxes and rodents as final and intermediate hosts respectively. In humans, infection with the metacestode stage can result in a potentially lethal liver condition named alveolar echinococcosis (AE). Recent studies in central Europe have show that E. multilocularis has a wider geographic range than previously anticipated. By the end of the 1980s, endemic areas of E. multilocularis were know to exist in only four countries, but now the parasite is present in at least 14 European countries. This paper provide recent data on the biology of E. multilocularis, the epidemiology of AE and the different tools which are available to treat or prevent this disease which seems in apparent extension. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent decline in suitable environmental conditions for African great apes
Junker, Jessica; Blake, Stephen; Boesch, Christophe et al

in Diversity & Distributions (2012), 18(11), 1077--1091

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See detailRecent demographic and behavioral data of Macaca fascicularis at Padangtegal, Bali, Indonesia
Brotcorne, Fany ULg; Wandia, I. Nengah; Rompis, A.L.T. et al

in Gumert, Michael D.; Fuentes, Agustin; Jones-Engel, Lisa (Eds.) Monkeys on the Edge. Ecology and Management of Long-tailed Macaques and their Interface with Humans. (2011)

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See detailRecent development in modelling of columns in fire at the University of Liège
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

Scientific conference (1993)

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See detailRecent development in the field of dual COX / 5-LOX inhibitors
Julémont, F.; Dogné, J.-M.; Pirotte, Bernard ULg et al

in Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry (2004), 4

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See detailRecent development in the macromolecular engineering of functionalized aliphatic polyesters
Lecomte, Philippe ULg

Scientific conference (2009, December 16)

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See detailRecent developments and trends in modelling the coastal/shelf environment
Djenidi, Salim ULg; Nihoul, Jacques ULg

in Lee, S.-C.; Hiew, K.-L.; Ong, S.-H. (Eds.) Hydraulic Research and Engineering Towards and Beyond 2000 (1998)

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See detailRecent developments in 5-lipoxygenase inhibitors
Julémont, F.; Dogné, J.-M.; Laeckmann, D. et al

in Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents (2003), 13

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See detailRecent developments in anionic polymerization
Jérôme, Robert ULg; Tong, Jiangdong

in Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science (1998), 3(6), 573-578

The past year witnessed very significant advances in the living anionic polymerization of (meth)acrylate monomers, particularly in hydrocarbons at or below 0°C. Block polymerization of alkyl methacrylates ... [more ▼]

The past year witnessed very significant advances in the living anionic polymerization of (meth)acrylate monomers, particularly in hydrocarbons at or below 0°C. Block polymerization of alkyl methacrylates with primary alkyl acrylates, although somewhat improved, remains a challenge. Anionic polymerization of styrene, diene and its derivatives was carried out with the aim of synthesizing functional polymers and block copolymers of various architectures. There has been a trend towards combining different living techniques in order to design polymers of unique architectures and properties. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent developments in infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Lemaire, Mylène; Keuser, Véronique et al

in Cattle Practice (2002), 10

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See detailRecent developments in optimization of flexible components of multibody systems
Duysinx, Pierre ULg; Emonds-Alt, Jonathan; Virlez, Geoffrey ULg et al

Conference (2010, May)

Recently mechanical engineering has extended from a component to a system oriented approach. The structural analysis of components is now completed by the whole mechanical system simulation using ... [more ▼]

Recently mechanical engineering has extended from a component to a system oriented approach. The structural analysis of components is now completed by the whole mechanical system simulation using multibody system analysis. This evolution aims at capturing better the real loading conditions accounting for the component interaction and couplings in the system. Structural optimization is continuing along the same tracks. Recent works in structural optimization have tried to optimize components with respect to loadings conditions defined through dynamic loading coming from multibody system dynamic analysis. Generally, optimization techniques consider that the structural component is isolated from the rest of the mechanism and use simplified quasi-static load cases to mimic the complex loadings in service. In contrast, we have shown in previous works devoted to topology optimization that an optimization directly based on the dynamic response of the flexible multibody system leads to a more integrated approach. In order to overcome the limitations of some previous approaches, a more integrated optimization technique is proposed here, based on the nonlinear finite element approach for flexible multibody systems. The non linear finite element formalism accounts for both large rigid-body motions and elastic deflection of the structural components. In previous work, the optimal design of components was realized as an optimal truss / beam layout. The present communication investigates the optimal design of components considered as a continuum medium. We study first sizing optimal design of structural components and we later extend the method to optimal material distribution approach to address their lay out optimization. The continuum domain is discretized into finite elements. For sizing optimization, the design variables are wall-thickness and lumped element variables. For topology optimization the design variables are classically density-like parameters associated to a power law interpolation of effective material properties for intermediate densities, also known as Simply Isotropic Material with Penalization (SIMP). This study assesses the feasibility of this approach, which extends optimization techniques to continuum flexible bodies included in MBS. The numerical implementation is conducted in SAMCEF MECANO for the flexible MBS analysis and BOSS Quattro for the optimization shell. The nonlinear equations of motion are solved using a generalized-a time integration scheme while the sensitivity analysis of mechanical responses is based on a direct differentiation method or finite differences. For sizing and parametric optimization the paper investigates and compares several optimization approaches methods such as classical gradient-based methods (SQP, Augmented lagrangian), sequential convex programming methods (CONLIN, MMA), but also surrogate-based optimization method (with Neural Networks) combined with genetic algorithms. The formulation of the problem is also discussed, and its influence on the convergence history is illustrated. Optimal sizing, shape and topology optimization of a simple model of a robot are addressed. The optimization approach is illustrated on numerical applications of sizing optimization of robot arms during trajectory tracking and lightweight layout optimal design of automotive components. [less ▲]

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