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See detailMultidimensional flow modelling to guide hydromorphological restoration of an Alpine river
Rulot, François ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Ecohydraulics 2012 (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (6 ULg)
See detailMultidimensional fluctuation, pseudo-guessing and carelessness IRT person parameters with polytomous item response models
Raîche, Gilles; Magis, David ULg; Béland, Sébastien

Conference (2010, July)

Frequently, candidates at aptitude multiple choice test miss attention, motivation or preparation and show underachievement or overachievement. Similarly, at surveys respondents show frequently misfitting ... [more ▼]

Frequently, candidates at aptitude multiple choice test miss attention, motivation or preparation and show underachievement or overachievement. Similarly, at surveys respondents show frequently misfitting patterns of responses. Their result does not correspond any more to their true aptitude or attitude, an inappropriate response pattern being obtained. New multidimensional models specific to polytomous responses circumvent these situations and diminish considerably the associated person bias. Multidimensional polytomous item response models adding new person parameters to the trait of the candidate are proposed. In the spirit of previous Raiche’s dichotomous responses IRT propositions, like the discrimination and don’t know item parameters, these models offer fluctuation and don’t know person parameters. Estimation methods, results from simulation showing the efficacy of these models and recommendations for the design of testing situations will be presented. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (5 ULg)
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See detailMultidimensional fluctuation, pseudo-guessing and carelness IRT person parameters models
Raîche, Gilles; Magis, David ULg; Blais, Jean-Guy

Conference (2009, July)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMultidimensional GCxGC Fingerprinting for Environmental and Biological Forensics
Patterson Jr; Sandau; Focant, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2011, July)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 ULg)
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See detailMultidimensional generalized automatic sequences and shape-symmetric morphic words
Charlier, Emilie ULg; Kärki, Tomi; Rigo, Michel ULg

in Proceedings of AutoMathA (2009)

An infinite word is S-automatic if, for all n ≥ 0, its (n + 1)st letter is the output of a deterministic automaton fed with the representation of n in the considered numeration system S. In this paper, we ... [more ▼]

An infinite word is S-automatic if, for all n ≥ 0, its (n + 1)st letter is the output of a deterministic automaton fed with the representation of n in the considered numeration system S. In this paper, we consider an analogous definition in a multidimensional setting and study the relationship with the shape-symmetric infinite words as introduced by Arnaud Maes. Precisely, for d ≥ 2, we show that a multidimensional infinite word x : N^d → Σ over a finite alphabet Σ is S-automatic for some abstract numeration system S built on a regular language containing the empty word if and only if x is the image by a coding of a shape-symmetric infinite word. [less ▲]

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See detailMultidimensional generalized automatic sequences and shape-symmetric morphic words
Charlier, Emilie ULg; Kärki, Tomi; Rigo, Michel ULg

in Discrete Mathematics (2010), 310

An infinite word is S-automatic if, for all n>=0, its (n+1)st letter is the output of a deterministic automaton fed with the representation of n in the numeration system S. In this paper, we consider an ... [more ▼]

An infinite word is S-automatic if, for all n>=0, its (n+1)st letter is the output of a deterministic automaton fed with the representation of n in the numeration system S. In this paper, we consider an analogous definition in a multidimensional setting and study its relation to the shapesymmetric infinite words introduced by Arnaud Maes. More precisely, for d>1, we show that a multidimensional infinite word x over a finite alphabet is S-automatic for some abstract numeration system S built on a regular language containing the empty word if and only if x is the image by a coding of a shape-symmetric infinite word. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (16 ULg)
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See detailMultidimensional growth measurements of abdominal aortic aneurysms.
Martufi, Giampaolo; Auer, Martin; Roy, Joy et al

in Journal of vascular surgery (2013), 58(3), 748-55

BACKGROUND: Monitoring the expansion of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is critical to avoid aneurysm rupture in surveillance programs, for instance. However, measuring the change of the maximum ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Monitoring the expansion of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is critical to avoid aneurysm rupture in surveillance programs, for instance. However, measuring the change of the maximum diameter over time can only provide limited information about AAA expansion. Specifically, regions of fast diameter growth may be missed, axial growth cannot be quantified, and shape changes of potential interest for decisions related to endovascular aneurysm repair cannot be captured. METHODS: This study used multiple centerline-based diameter measurements between the renal arteries and the aortic bifurcation to quantify AAA growth in 51 patients from computed tomography angiography (CTA) data. Criteria for inclusion were at least 1 year of patient follow-up and the availability of at least two sufficiently high-resolution CTA scans that allowed an accurate three-dimensional reconstruction. Consequently, 124 CTA scans were systematically analyzed by using A4clinics diagnostic software (VASCOPS GmbH, Graz, Austria), and aneurysm growth was monitored at 100 cross-sections perpendicular to the centerline. RESULTS: Monitoring diameter development over the entire aneurysm revealed the sites of the fastest diameter growth, quantified the axial growth, and showed the evolution of the neck morphology over time. Monitoring the development of an aneurysm's maximum diameter or its volume over time can assess the mean diameter growth (r = 0.69, r = 0.77) but not the maximum diameter growth (r = 0.43, r = 0.34). The diameter growth measured at the site of maximum expansion was ~16%/y, almost four times larger than the mean diameter expansion of 4.4%/y. The sites at which the maximum diameter growth was recorded did not coincide with the position of the maximum baseline diameter (rho = 0 .12; P = .31). The overall aneurysm sac length increased from 84 to 89 mm during the follow-up (P < .001), which relates to the median longitudinal growth of 3.5%/y. The neck length shortened, on average, by 6.2% per year and was accompanied by a slight increase in neck angulation. CONCLUSIONS: Neither maximum diameter nor volume measurements over time are able to measure the fastest diameter growth of the aneurysm sac. Consequently, expansion-related wall weakening might be inappropriately reflected by this type of surveillance data. In contrast, localized spots of fast diameter growth can be detected through multiple centerline-based diameter measurements over the entire aneurysm sac. This information might further reinforce the quality of aneurysm surveillance programs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (4 ULg)
See detailMultidimensionnalité de la précarité
Gavray, Claire ULg; Ruyters, Christine

Report (2001)

Ce livre consiste en un état des lieux de la cohésion économique en -et par la- Région Wallonne. Il comporte un volet statistique (sur les personnes et les ménages en matière d'emploi, de famille, de ... [more ▼]

Ce livre consiste en un état des lieux de la cohésion économique en -et par la- Région Wallonne. Il comporte un volet statistique (sur les personnes et les ménages en matière d'emploi, de famille, de santé et de sécurité d'existence) , un volet descriptif d'actions menées et un volet 'analyses et recommandations'. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (3 ULg)
See detailMultidimensionnalité des facteurs de précarité - Articulation des risques et fragilités d'existence
Gavray, Claire ULg; Ruyters, Christine

in Rapport sur la cohésion sociale en région wallonne - volet statistique (2007)

Ce livre donne pour la deuxième fois un état des lieux de la cohésion sociale en Wallonnie sur base d'indicateurs socio-économiques. Il comporte des données en matière d'emploi, de famille, de revenus, de ... [more ▼]

Ce livre donne pour la deuxième fois un état des lieux de la cohésion sociale en Wallonnie sur base d'indicateurs socio-économiques. Il comporte des données en matière d'emploi, de famille, de revenus, de santé, de sécurité d'existence ...issues de diverses enquêtes et banques de données. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (5 ULg)
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See detailMultidisciplinary and Evidence-based Method for Prioritizing Diseases of Food-producing Animals and Zoonoses
Humblet, Marie-France ULg; Vandeputte, Sébastien ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg et al

in Emerging Infectious Diseases (2012), 18(4),

To prioritize 100 animal diseases and zoonoses in Europe, we used a multicriteria decision-making procedure based on opinions of experts and evidence-based data. Forty international experts performed ... [more ▼]

To prioritize 100 animal diseases and zoonoses in Europe, we used a multicriteria decision-making procedure based on opinions of experts and evidence-based data. Forty international experts performed intracategory and intercategory weighting of 57 prioritization criteria. Two methods (deterministic with mean of each weight and probabilistic with distribution functions of weights by using Monte Carlo simulation) were used to calculate a score for each disease. Consecutive ranking was established. Few differences were observed between each method. Compared with previous prioritization methods, our procedure is evidence based, includes a range of fields and criteria while considering uncertainty, and will be useful for analyzing diseases that affect public health [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (9 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMultidisciplinary approach in two patients with multiple peroxysomal function deficiency
Misson, Jean-Paul ULg; Evrard, Ph; Verellen, G. et al

in Peroxisomes and their metabolites in cellular functions (1985, August)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
See detailMultidisciplinary approach to reconstruct the Belgian Frasnian platform - facies, carbon isotopes and magnetic susceptibility
Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Mabille, Cedric; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in . SDGG, Heft 58 – Abstract Volume – 26th IAS Regional Meeting/SEPM-CES SEDIMENT 2008 (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (2 ULg)
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See detailMultidisciplinary approach to study of design cognitive process: the case of human errors in architectural preliminary design
Safin, Stéphane ULg; Leclercq, Pierre ULg; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg

Conference (2008)

This contribution aims to show a multidisciplinary method to understand and formalize design process, from a cognitive point of view, in the particular case of human errors in architectural preliminary ... [more ▼]

This contribution aims to show a multidisciplinary method to understand and formalize design process, from a cognitive point of view, in the particular case of human errors in architectural preliminary design process. We first emphasize the importance of error detection and recovery in the sketching phase in architecture. After the description of our methodology, we explain the general theory and model on human error, the short study we made and our proposition of a model on hu- man error in architectural design. We finally conclude by giving some first re- quirements from this model in order to improve to the development of sketch- based CAD tools. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (2 ULg)
See detailA multidisciplinary approach to understanding the sea ice system: implications on gas. Gordon Research Seminars
Zhou, Jiayun ULg; Tison, Jean-Louis; Eicken, Hajo et al

Conference (2011, March)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)
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See detailMultidisciplinary approaches and fractionations to study lower termite symbiotic system and ligno-cellulose digestion
Bauwens, Julien ULg; Brasseur, Catherine ULg; Tarayre, Cédric ULg et al

Poster (2014, August)

Wood-feeding termites are a considerable source of enzymes active on ligno-cellulosic compounds. These enzymes are produced by the termite host and some representatives of its symbiotic microbial ... [more ▼]

Wood-feeding termites are a considerable source of enzymes active on ligno-cellulosic compounds. These enzymes are produced by the termite host and some representatives of its symbiotic microbial community, and are of particular interest in regard second generation biofuel. However, the complexity of microbial interactions renders micro-organisms isolation very difficult. Culture-independent methods permitted to gather a large amount of data and to understand a little more the role of each microbial population, particularly the prokaryotes. Proteomics allows working on the final product of gene expression, and corresponds more to the real operation of the digestive system. In order to investigate such a complex system, it is necessary to use multidisciplinary approaches and to fractionate this system. Zymography or affinity chromatography are used in parallel of routine proteomics techniques such as two-dimensional gel electrophoresis associated to MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and nano-LC ESI-MS/MS. We used an artificial-diet based rearing to induce changes in microbial population balance. We performed preliminary assay to investigate the glycosylated proteome in the hindgut of a lower termite, using Multi-Lectin Affinity Chromatography (M-LAC) and enzymatic activity of harvested fractions was assessed on cellulosic substrates. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (13 ULg)
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See detailMultidisciplinary study of the trophic diversity and functional role of amphipod crustaceans associated to Posidonia oceanica meadows
Michel, Loïc ULg; Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Gobert, Sylvie ULg et al

Poster (2009, November 27)

Posidonia oceanica is a seagrass endemic to the Mediterranean Sea, and is able to form large monospecific areas, called meadows. These meadows are critical features of the Mediterranean coastal zones, and ... [more ▼]

Posidonia oceanica is a seagrass endemic to the Mediterranean Sea, and is able to form large monospecific areas, called meadows. These meadows are critical features of the Mediterranean coastal zones, and are of great ecologic and economic importance. Posidonia oceanica meadows shelter high biomasses and biodiversities of amphipod crustaceans. In other temperate meadows, such as Atlantic Zostera marina meadows, the amphipods play an important part in the functioning of the ecosystem, notably in organic matter transfers from producers to higher level consumers. However, the situation in Posidonia oceanica meadows remains unclear, due to the lack of precise studies, and little is known about the trophic ecology of amphipods. In this context, our research is structured in three main tasks. We chose the Calvi Bay (NW Corsica, France) as a study site, and sampling is undertaken from the STARESO research station (University of Liège, Belgium). First, we study the exact composition of the amphipod community, as well as its temporal variation at diel and seasonal scale. This task is based on in situ collection of samples using three methods: the hand-towed net, litter collection and light traps. Completion of this task will allow us to have accurate and reliable data, taken on our study site, concerning the abundance and specific diversity of amphipods associated with P. oceanica meadows. The second task is a reconstruction of the diet of the studied animals. Indeed, amphipods from P. oceanica meadows are usually regarded as vegetal epiphytes grazers, or generalist detritivores, but few studies focus on the interspecific trophy diversity, or on the importance of alternative food sources. Our approach relies on in situ sampling of amphipods and potential food items. The techniques used combine traditional methods (gut content observation) and use of trophic markers, such as measurements of C and N stable isotope rations and fatty acid composition analysis. Finally, we use in vitro and in situ microcosms experiments to evaluate the impact of amphipod feeding activity on the ecosystem functioning, and more precisely on the dynamics of the epiphyte cover. By quantifying this interaction, our purpose is to put back the results obtained in the first two parts into a wider context, the functioning of the Posidonia oceanica meadow as an ecosystem. Thus, by combining in situ sampling and in vitro experimentation, and by combining traditional and innovating techniques, we hope, at the end of this research, to enhance the knowledge of the trophic diversity and the functional role of amphipod crustaceans associated with Mediterranean Posidonia meadows. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 90 (28 ULg)