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Peer Reviewed
See detailMonitoring of Yersinia enterocolitica in murine and bovine feces on the basis of the chromosomally integrated luxAB marker gene
Kaniga, K.; Sory, M. P.; Delor, I. et al

in Applied and Environmental Microbiology (1992), 58(3), 1024-1026

We previously integrated the luxAB gene into the Yersinia enterocolitica chromosome. In this article, we assessed, by luminometry, the survival of the engineered strain KNG1024 in the digestive tracts of ... [more ▼]

We previously integrated the luxAB gene into the Yersinia enterocolitica chromosome. In this article, we assessed, by luminometry, the survival of the engineered strain KNG1024 in the digestive tracts of mice and cows. In situ detection and a count of the released strain were performed on feces from orally inoculated BALB/c mice for 24 days. This method is a rapid and reliable system for long-term monitoring of genetically engineered bacteria. In cow feces, the count of Y. enterocolitica ranged from 210 to 6,000 CFU/g of feces. This very low count was not detectable by direct luminometry [less ▲]

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See detailMonitoring partnership networks- A graph theory approach
Faraz, Alireza ULg; Treiblmaier, Horst; Gerschberger, Markus

Conference (2016, June 17)

Recently, companies are forming strong relationships with their strategic suppliers and customers in order to maximize their profit in the global market. Such a partnership or strategic alliance is based ... [more ▼]

Recently, companies are forming strong relationships with their strategic suppliers and customers in order to maximize their profit in the global market. Such a partnership or strategic alliance is based on the mutual needs of both parties. A partnership network is formed by different strategic firms (e.g., suppliers, manufacturers, distributors, retailers) who intend to establish strong relationships together but without losing their ownership, power and control on the firm. For example, if supplier X has a strong relationship with customer Y and Y has a strong relationship with supplier Z, then X, Y and Z can form a partnership network with three nodes (X, Y and Z) and two edges (X ->Y and Z->Y). In this paper, we develop a statistical methods to study the normal behaviour of partnership networks. We furthermore develop a methodology that will help diagnose the nature of identified unusual network behavior. [less ▲]

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See detailMonitoring phenological stages of cultivated crops by remote sensing in Mali.
Diallo, Mamadou Adama; Tychon, Bernard ULg

in Ninth conference on satellite meteorology and oceanography, 25-29 may 1998, Unesco, Paris, France (1998)

This study shows some potentialities of remote sensing (10 daily NDVI) to assess phenological stages of rainfed crops in Mali.

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (0 ULg)
See detailMonitoring Pichia anomala strain K and Candida oleophila strain O, antagonistic yeasts on apple surface
De Clercq, D.; Cognet, S.; Kubjak, C. et al

Poster (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
See detailMonitoring Pichia anomala strain K and Candida oleophila strain O, antagonistic yeasts on apple surface
De Clercq, D.; Cognet, S.; Kubjak, C. et al

Conference (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 ULg)
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See detailMonitoring population decline: can transect surveys detect the impact of the Ebola virus on apes?
Devos, Céline; Walsh, Peter; Arnhem, Eric et al

in Oryx (2008), 42(3), 367-374

In 2004 the Ebola virus caused a drastic decline in western gorilla Gorilla gorilla abundance at Lokoue´ Bai, a clearing in Odzala National Park, Republic of Congo. This decline was detected by ... [more ▼]

In 2004 the Ebola virus caused a drastic decline in western gorilla Gorilla gorilla abundance at Lokoue´ Bai, a clearing in Odzala National Park, Republic of Congo. This decline was detected by observations of gorillas visiting the clearing. We confirm that the sympatric chimpanzee Pan troglodytes population was also affected by the Ebola outbreak, and test whether the decline in the ape population would have been detected with linetransect surveys, the most commonly used wildlife monitoring methodology in Central Africa. We also evaluate the potential of transect surveys for describing the extent and pinpointing the timing of drastic population declines when this information is not known from other evidence. Both nest survey using the marked nest count method and standing stock survey of other signs of ape presence (dung, feeding remains, prints) were able to detect the decline. However, only nests and dung were reliable indices for estimating the magnitude of the decline and accurately pinpointing the timing. It was necessary to pool data across many survey replicates because of small samples sizes. Our results suggest that transects methods are able to detect drastic changes in ape abundance but that large sample sizes are necessary to achieve adequate statistical power. We therefore recommend that those intending to use transect methods as tools for monitoring large forest mammals evaluate in advance how much effort will be necessary to detect meaningful changes in animal abundance. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (12 ULg)
See detailMonitoring sanitaire des ongulés sauvages
Linden, Annick ULg

Article for general public (2003)

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See detailMonitoring soil organic carbon in croplands using imaging spectroscopy (moca project)
Stevens, Antoine; van Wesemael, Bas; Tychon, Bernard ULg et al

Conference (2008, February 12)

The detection of changes in soil organic carbon (SOC) concentration is essential in both the assessment of SOC sequestration and soil quality. Within the EU soil thematic strategy the depletion of organic ... [more ▼]

The detection of changes in soil organic carbon (SOC) concentration is essential in both the assessment of SOC sequestration and soil quality. Within the EU soil thematic strategy the depletion of organic matter is mentioned as one of the major threats to the soil resource. As one of the first countries Luxemburg has taken the initiative to monitor the SOC concentration of individual fields to allow for eventual CO2 credits and as an indicator for good agro-ecological conditions (GAEC). The aim of this project is to develop an efficient and operational methodology to detect SOC changes in croplands using Imaging Spectroscopy and to map the SOC contents of croplands with high resolution and minimal calibration. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (3 ULg)
See detailMonitoring supply chains with multivariate control charts: an economic-statistical design approach
Heuchenne, Cédric ULg; Faraz, Alireza ULg; Saniga, Erwin

Scientific conference (2015, June 02)

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See detailMonitoring surface water content using visible and short-wave infrared SPOT-5 data of wheat plots in irrigated semi-arid regions
Benabdelouahab, Tarik ULg; Balaghi, Riad; Hadria, Rachid et al

in International Journal of Remote Sensing (2015), 36(15), 4018-4036

Irrigated agriculture is an important strategic sector in arid and semi-arid regions. Given the large spatial coverage of irrigated areas, operational tools based on satellite remote sensing can ... [more ▼]

Irrigated agriculture is an important strategic sector in arid and semi-arid regions. Given the large spatial coverage of irrigated areas, operational tools based on satellite remote sensing can contribute to their optimal management. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of two spectral indices, calculated from SPOT-5 high-resolution visible (HRV) data, to retrieve the surface water content values (from bare soil to completely covered soil) over wheat fields and detect irrigation supplies in an irrigated area. These indices are the normalized difference water index (NDWI) and the moisture stress index (MSI), covering the main growth stages of wheat. These indices were compared to corresponding in situ measurements of soil moisture and vegetation water content in 30 wheat fields in an irrigated area of Morocco, during the 2012–2013 and 2013–2014 cropping seasons. NDWI and MSI were highly correlated with in situ measurements at both the beginning of the growing season (sowing) and at full vegetation cover (grain filling). From sowing to grain filling, the best correlation (R2 = 0.86; p < 0.01) was found for the relationship between NDWI values and observed soil moisture values. These results were validated using a k-fold cross-validation methodology; they indicated that NDWI can be used to estimate and map surface water content changes at the main crop growth stages (from sowing to grain filling). NDWI is an operative index for monitoring irrigation, such as detecting irrigation supplies and mitigating wheat water stress at field and regional levels in semi-arid areas. [less ▲]

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See detailMonitoring System For The Biocontrol Agent Pichia Anomala Strain K Using Quantitative Competitive Pcr-Elosa
Pujol, M.; De Clercq, D.; Cognet, S. et al

in Plant Pathology (2004), 53(1), 103-109

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See detailMonitoring temperature changes during heat tracing experiments using electrical resistivity tomography
Hermans, Thomas ULg; Wildemeersch, Samuel ULg; Nguyen, Frédéric ULg

Conference (2013, December 06)

Thermal tracing experiments are becoming common in hydrogeology to estimate parameters governing heat transport processes and to study geothermal reservoirs. Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) has ... [more ▼]

Thermal tracing experiments are becoming common in hydrogeology to estimate parameters governing heat transport processes and to study geothermal reservoirs. Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) has proven its ability to monitor salt tracer tests, but few studies have investigated its performances, both qualitatively and quantitatively, in thermal tracing experiments. In this study, we monitored a heat injection and pumping experiment in an alluvial aquifer using both surface and crosshole ERT. The data sets of the surface profile, located along the main direction of flow, are distorted during injection by an electrical short-circuit through the external pumping-heating-injection experimental set-up. Current is flowing outside the subsurface leading to bad data for electrode dipoles located near the pumping and injection wells. The crosshole ERT panel is perpendicular to the main direction of flow. Difference inversion time-lapse images clearly show a preferential flow path in the bottom of the aquifer related to the presence of a coarse and clean gravel layer. Direct temperature measurements are available in control piezometers during the experiment to validate the ERT-derived temperatures and confirm the spatial pattern of temperature observed with ERT. Breakthrough curves are correctly retrieved in time and difference of 10 to 20% are observed for temperature estimation. The latter requires site-specific petrophysical laws and chemical stability assumptions that must be carefully verified. Our study proves that ERT, especially crosshole ERT, is a reliable tool to follow thermal tracing experiments but also to characterize heat transfer in the subsurface and to monitor geothermal resource exploitations. We also show that surface ERT may be impacted by the survey layout in unsuspected ways. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailMonitoring the circadian rhythm of serum and salivary cortisol concentrations in the horse
Bohak, Zs; Szabo, F.; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Domestic Animal Endocrinology (2013), 45(1), 38-42

Daily fluctuations of cortisol concentration in the blood or saliva have been repeatedly reported. However, several contradictions in the existing literature appear on this subject. The present study was ... [more ▼]

Daily fluctuations of cortisol concentration in the blood or saliva have been repeatedly reported. However, several contradictions in the existing literature appear on this subject. The present study was performed to definitively establish options for testing adrenocortical function. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate parallel circadian rhythms in salivary and serum cortisol concentrations during a 24-h period. Twenty horses were examined under the same conditions. Blood and saliva samples were taken every 2 h for 24 h to determine the daily changes in cortisol concentrations of saliva and serum at rest and to determine the relationship between salivary and serum cortisol levels. Cosinor analysis of group mean data confirmed a significant circadian component for both serum and salivary cortisol concentrations (P < 0.001 in both cases). The serum cortisol circadian rhythm had an acrophase at 10:50 AM (95% CI, 10:00 AM-11:40 AM), a MESOR of 22.67 ng/mL, and an amplitude of 11.93 ng/mL. The salivary cortisol circadian rhythm had an acrophase at 10:00 AM (95% CI, 9:00 AM-11:00 AM), a MESOR of 0.52 ng/mL, and an amplitude of 0.12 ng/mL. We found a significant but weak association between salivary and serum cortisol concentrations; the Pearson correlation coefficient was 0.32 (P < 0.001). The use of salivary cortisol level as an indicator of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity may be warranted. However, the salivary cortisol levels are more likely to be correlated with free plasma cortisol than with the total plasma cortisol concentration. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (2 ULg)
See detailMonitoring the dayside and nightside reconnection rates during various auroral event using IMAGE-FUV and SUPERDARN data
Hubert, Benoît ULg; Palmroth, M.; Milan, S. E. et al

in Syrjasuo, M.; Donovan, E. (Eds.) Substorms VIII (2006, March)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
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See detailMonitoring the evolution of irrigated areas with Landsat images using backward and forward change detection analysis in the Kou watershed
Traore, Farid ULg; Cornet, Yves ULg; Denis, Antoine ULg et al

in Geocarto International (2013)

The Kou watershed is characterized by important water resources used for drinking, agriculture (especially in the important irrigated areas), industry and the preservation of aquatic fauna and flora. For ... [more ▼]

The Kou watershed is characterized by important water resources used for drinking, agriculture (especially in the important irrigated areas), industry and the preservation of aquatic fauna and flora. For several decades there has been increasing pressure on the Kou’s water resources, partly because of the expansion of the irrigated agricultural areas. This study was conducted to examine this issue, focusing on one specific irrigated area. In order to monitor the expansion of irrigated areas in developing countries, a low-cost remote sensing method based on Landsat images and aerial photographs was developed. The method is based on maximum-likelihood classifications, followed by backward and forward change detection analysis requiring agronomic expertise. Using pixel trajectory analysis, the method connects all pixels to their consecutive states in order to correct their current states. The study showed that the irrigated area has expanded by almost 80% over 20 years, with most of this expansion occurring in the past 10 years. The approach, if validated, could be used to obtain information on past occupation in the rural irrigated areas for which there is no archived data. [less ▲]

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See detailMonitoring the exhaust air of a compost pile as a process variable with an e-nose
Romain, Anne-Claude ULg; Godefroid, D.; Kuske, M. et al

in Sensors and actuators. B, Chemical (2005), 106(1), 29-35

In this paper, the monitoring of the composting process with an e-nose is presented. An emission chamber is developed for this purpose and put on a household waste compost pile. A lab-made e-nose with ... [more ▼]

In this paper, the monitoring of the composting process with an e-nose is presented. An emission chamber is developed for this purpose and put on a household waste compost pile. A lab-made e-nose with metal oxide sensors is located at the exit of this chamber. Simultaneously to the e-nose measurements, air sampling on sorbent tubes as well as physico-chemical analysis are realised. The adsorbed air samples are analysed in the lab by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS). In addition, some parameters of the composting process are collected (compost temperature, age of the pile, date of the aeration). Correlation between the sensors and 14 chemical families is determined by principal component analysis (PCA). By canonical analysis, two models are developed and calibrated by the proportion of each chemical family and in function of the compost process events. Thanks to these models, monitoring of various kinds of compost process events is possible with only one measurement device. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 111 (22 ULg)
See detailMonitoring the exhaust air of a compost pile with an e-nose and comparison with GC-MS data
Romain, Anne-Claude ULg

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
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See detailMonitoring the freshness of fish: development of a qPCR method applied to MAP chilled whiting
Dehaut, Alexandre; Krzewinski, Frédéric; Grard, Thierry et al

in Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)