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See detailNon-Perturbative Effect of Rotation on Dipolar Mixed-Modes in Red Giants
Ouazzani, R.-M.; Goupil, M.-J.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2013, December 01)

The space missions CoRoT (Convection Rotation and Planetary Transits) and Kepler provide high quality data that allows the transport of angular momentum in stars to be investigated by the seismic ... [more ▼]

The space missions CoRoT (Convection Rotation and Planetary Transits) and Kepler provide high quality data that allows the transport of angular momentum in stars to be investigated by the seismic determination of the internal rotation profile. In a former study (Ouazzani et al. 2013b) we test the validity of seismic diagnostics for red giant rotation that are based on a perturbative method. Our aim here is to investigate oscillation spectra when that validity no longer holds. We use a non-perturbative approach implemented in the Adiabatic Code of Oscillations including Rotation (ACOR code) (Ouazzani et al. 2012) that accounts for the eff [less ▲]

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See detailNon-perturbative momentum dependence of the coupling constant and hadronic models
Courtoy, Aurore ULg; Scopetta, S.; Vento, V.

in European Physical Journal A -- Hadrons & Nuclei (2011), 47(4), 1-7

Models of hadron structure are associated with a hadronic scale which allows by perturbative evolution to calculate observables in the deep inelastic region. The resolution of Dyson-Schwinger equations ... [more ▼]

Models of hadron structure are associated with a hadronic scale which allows by perturbative evolution to calculate observables in the deep inelastic region. The resolution of Dyson-Schwinger equations leads to the freezing of the QCD running coupling (effective charge) in the infrared, which is best understood as a dynamical generation of a gluon mass function, giving rise to a momentum dependence which is free from infrared divergences. We use this new development to understand why perturbative treatments are working reasonably well despite the smallness of the hadronic scale. © 2011 SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. [less ▲]

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See detailNon-pharmacological management of osteoporosis: a consensus of the Belgian Bone Club
Body, J. J.; Bergmann, P.; Boonen, S. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2011), 22(11), 2769-88

This consensus article reviews the various aspects of the non-pharmacological management of osteoporosis, including the effects of nutriments, physical exercise, lifestyle, fall prevention, and hip ... [more ▼]

This consensus article reviews the various aspects of the non-pharmacological management of osteoporosis, including the effects of nutriments, physical exercise, lifestyle, fall prevention, and hip protectors. Vertebroplasty is also briefly reviewed. Non-pharmacological management of osteoporosis is a broad concept. It must be viewed as an essential part of the prevention of fractures from childhood through adulthood and the old age. The topic also includes surgical procedures for the treatment of peripheral and vertebral fractures and the post-fracture rehabilitation. The present document is the result of a consensus, based on a systematic review and a critical appraisal of the literature. Diets deficient in calcium, proteins or vitamin D impair skeletal integrity. The effect of other nutriments is less clear, although an excessive consumption of sodium, caffeine, or fibres exerts negative effects on calcium balance. The deleterious effects of tobacco, excessive alcohol consumption and a low BMI are well accepted. Physical activity is of primary importance to reach optimal peak bone mass but, if numerous studies have shown the beneficial effects of various types of exercise on bone mass, fracture data as an endpoint are scanty. Fall prevention strategies are especially efficient in the community setting, but less evidence is available about their effectiveness in preventing fall-related injuries and fractures. The efficacy of hip protectors remains controversial. This is also true for vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty. Several randomized controlled studies had reported a short-term advantage of vertebroplasty over medical treatment for pain relief, but these findings have been questioned by recent sham-controlled randomized clinical studies. [less ▲]

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See detailNon-pharmacological strategy to decrease risk of fall in the elderly
Bruyère, Olivier ULg

Conference (2009, March 28)

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See detailNon-photoperiodic factors and timing of breeding in blue tits: Impact of environmental and social influences in semi-natural conditions
Caro, S. P.; Lambrechts, M. M.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg et al

in Behavioural Processes (2007), 75(1), 1-7

The seasonal development of life-history traits is influenced by many environmental factors. The impact of photoperiodic and non-photoperiodic factors on nest building and egg laying has been rarely ... [more ▼]

The seasonal development of life-history traits is influenced by many environmental factors. The impact of photoperiodic and non-photoperiodic factors on nest building and egg laying has been rarely investigated in non-domesticated avian species for which long term field data sets are available. Former investigations showed that blue tits originating from geographically close populations in the Mediterranean region do not respond in the same way to photoperiodic factors in semi-natural outdoor conditions. Here we show experimentally that nest building and onset of egg laying in captive blue tits is also proximately influenced by non-photoperiodic factors, including aspects related to aviary characteristics and social interactions between birds of the two sexes originating from different local Mediterranean study populations. In two successive experiments, we show that (1) increasing the volume of the aviary advanced the egg laying period of one specific population by almost I month, and (2) crossing pairs of birds from different origins strongly reduced the nest building and egg laying behaviours. These results indicate that obtaining biologically relevant breeding results in captivity with wild birds requires the control and experimental manipulation of a wide array of complex environmental cues. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLe non-public à l'oeuvre: ethnographie d'une sortie au Musée du Quai Branly avec le centre social
Ghebaur, Cosmina ULg

in Sociologie de l'art - Opus (2014), 22

Des expositions photographiques sont organisées ces dernières années en extérieur pour drainer ceux qui ne fréquentent pas les équipements consacrés; j'en étudie les non-publics, à savoir les absents ... [more ▼]

Des expositions photographiques sont organisées ces dernières années en extérieur pour drainer ceux qui ne fréquentent pas les équipements consacrés; j'en étudie les non-publics, à savoir les absents. Quels sont les facteurs qui bloquent la rencontre avec les oeuvres malgré le mode d'exposition urbain? L'article s'attache à analyser les représentations de la culture savante que se forgent les enquêtés au cours de sorties organisées par un centre social. A l'aide d'une étude de cas (une visite au Musée du Quai Branly), il montre comment certaines rencontres avec ce type de culture, loin d'abolir la distance symbolique, contribuent au contraire à l'ancrer ou à la creuser. [less ▲]

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See detailLe non-public et la culture: une étude de cas en banlieue
Ghebaur, Cosmina ULg

in Terrain : Revue d'Ethnologie de l'Europe (2012), 58

Depuis 2004, des expositions photographiques sont présentées en extérieur dans le cadre d'un festival annuel organisé par un conseil général de la banlieue parisienne. Quels sont les freins qui bloquent ... [more ▼]

Depuis 2004, des expositions photographiques sont présentées en extérieur dans le cadre d'un festival annuel organisé par un conseil général de la banlieue parisienne. Quels sont les freins qui bloquent dans ce cas précis l'accès à la culture, malgré le mode d'exposition urbain? L'article se focalise sur les représentations de la culture savante que se forgent les habitants; il prend sa source dans une enquête ethnographique en cours. [less ▲]

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See detailLes non-publics au musée: un exemple de discrimination dans le domaine de la culture
Ghebaur, Cosmina ULg

Conference (2013)

Mes travaux portent sur les non-publics de la culture (Ancel & Pessin, 2004), ces personnes en situation, à l'instant t, de non-pratique culturelle, de non-contact avec un objet culturel donné. Je les ... [more ▼]

Mes travaux portent sur les non-publics de la culture (Ancel & Pessin, 2004), ces personnes en situation, à l'instant t, de non-pratique culturelle, de non-contact avec un objet culturel donné. Je les aborde sous l'angle de leur fabrication institutionnelle, à savoir en tant qu'ils sont produits par les institutions chargées de mettre en œuvre sur un territoire donné les politiques culturelles les concernant. Et c'est là où stigmatisation, stéréotypage, discrimination interviennent, en détournant de leur but initial des dispositifs visant à créer des liens, du contact, du rapprochement entre des populations d'une part, des œuvres et équipements de la culture savante d'autre part. Cette communication est construite sur une étude de cas : l'analyse d'une visite au musée effectuée par un groupe d'un centre social de la banlieue parisienne. [less ▲]

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See detailLes non-publics de la culture: une approche ethnographique de situations de réception demi-contraintes
Ghebaur, Cosmina ULg

in Revue internationale de communication sociale et publique (2013), 9

Des expositions photographiques sont organisées aujourd'hui " en extérieur " ; j'en étudie les " non-publics " (Ancel & Pessin, 2004) : les absents. Quels sont les facteurs qui bloquent la rencontre avec ... [more ▼]

Des expositions photographiques sont organisées aujourd'hui " en extérieur " ; j'en étudie les " non-publics " (Ancel & Pessin, 2004) : les absents. Quels sont les facteurs qui bloquent la rencontre avec les oeuvres malgré leur mode d'exposition urbain ? L'article s'attache à étudier les représentations de la culture savante que se forgent les enquêtés au cours de sorties organisées par des centres sociaux ou des associations municipales. A partir de deux études de cas (un spectacle de danse contemporaine, une pièce de théâtre), je montre que certains contacts de ces personnes avec le type de culture mentionné aboutissent à des malentendus ou incompréhensions qui ne font que multiplier par la suite leurs postures d'évitement et sentiments d'exclusion. [less ▲]

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See detailNon-radial non-adiabatic solar like oscillations in red giants : Evolutionnary effects on theoretical power spectrum.
Grosjean, Mathieu ULg; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg

Scientific conference (2012)

Corot and Kepler observations of red giants reveal rich spectra of non-radial solar-like oscillations allowing to probe their internal structure. The study of non-adiabatic and energetic aspects of these ... [more ▼]

Corot and Kepler observations of red giants reveal rich spectra of non-radial solar-like oscillations allowing to probe their internal structure. The study of non-adiabatic and energetic aspects of these oscillations is of great importance to predict not only the frequencies but also the FWMH and Heights of the peaks in power spectrum. This two observables are indeed directly related to modes lifetimes, necessitating a non-adiabatic approach. The height also depends on the energy injected in the mode by the turbulence in the upper convective-zone. We use a stochastic excitation model to compute the amplitudes of each modes. We investigate the differences in power spectrum between an RGB and an HB stars with the same global parameters. We also follow the evolution of a star on the RGB and investigate the effect of its ascension on theoretical power spectrum to predict when on the RGB are mixed-modes more likely to be detectable. [less ▲]

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See detailNon-radial oscillations in the red giant HR 7349 measured by CoRoT
Carrier, F.; De Ridder, J.; Baudin, F. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2010), 509

Context. Convection in red giant stars excites resonant acoustic waves whose frequencies depend on the sound speed inside the star, which in turn depends on the properties of the stellar interior ... [more ▼]

Context. Convection in red giant stars excites resonant acoustic waves whose frequencies depend on the sound speed inside the star, which in turn depends on the properties of the stellar interior. Therefore, asteroseismology is the most robust available method for probing the internal structure of red giant stars. <BR /> Aims: Solar-like oscillations in the red giant HR 7349 are investigated. <BR /> Methods: Our study is based on a time series of 380 760 photometric measurements spread over 5 months obtained with the CoRoT satellite. Mode parameters were estimated using maximum likelihood estimation of the power spectrum. <BR /> Results: The power spectrum of the high-precision time series clearly exhibits several identifiable peaks between 19 and 40 μHz showing regularity with a mean large and small spacing of Πν = 3.47 ± 0.12 μHz and δν[SUB]02[/SUB] = 0.65 ± 0.10 μHz. Nineteen individual modes are identified with amplitudes in the range from 35 to 115 ppm. The mode damping time is estimated to be 14.7[SUP]+4.7[/SUP][SUB]-2.9[/SUB] days. The CoRoT space mission has been developed and is operated by CNES, with the contribution of Austria, Belgium, Brazil, ESA, Germany and Spain. [less ▲]

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See detailNon-radial, non-adiabatic solar-like oscillations in RGB and HB stars
Grosjean, Mathieu ULg; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Belkacem, Kevin et al

Poster (2012, July)

Corot and Kepler observations of red giants reveal rich spectra of non-radial solar-like oscillations allowing to probe their internal structure. We compare the theoretical spectrum (amplitudes and life ... [more ▼]

Corot and Kepler observations of red giants reveal rich spectra of non-radial solar-like oscillations allowing to probe their internal structure. We compare the theoretical spectrum (amplitudes and life- times) of two red giants in the same region of the HR diagram but in different evolutionary phases. The lifetimes are obtained by computing theoretical non-adiabatic non-radial solar-like oscillations for mixed modes in the two models. Thanks to this, we have been able to compute the oscillation amplitudes through a stochastic excitation model. We present here our first results on the inertia, damping rates and amplitudes of the oscillations in the two stars and discuss the trapping, the visibilities and the am- plitudes of the different modes. The differences in the spectra of the two stars are also investigated. As already known, the period spacings in the two models are very different. Moreover, we find significant differences in amplitudes and lifetimes between the two models. [less ▲]

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See detailNon-radial, non-adiabatic solar-like oscillations in RGB and HB stars
Grosjean, Mathieu ULg; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Belkacem, K. et al

in EPJ Web of Conferences (2013, March 01), 43

CoRoT and Kepler observations of red giants reveal rich spectra of non-radial solar-like oscillations allowing to probe their internal structure. We compare the theoretical spectrum of two red giants in ... [more ▼]

CoRoT and Kepler observations of red giants reveal rich spectra of non-radial solar-like oscillations allowing to probe their internal structure. We compare the theoretical spectrum of two red giants in the same region of the HR diagram but in different evolutionary phases. We present here our first results on the inertia, lifetimes and amplitudes of the oscillations and discuss the differences between the two stars. [less ▲]

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See detailNon-random genomic integration - an intrinsic property of retrogenes in Drosophila?
Metta, Muralidhar ULg; Schlotterer, C.

in BMC Evolutionary Biology (2010), 10(1), 114

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The Drosophila X-chromosome shows a significant underrepresentation of genes with male-biased gene expression (demasculinization). This trend is matched by retrogenes, which ... [more ▼]

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The Drosophila X-chromosome shows a significant underrepresentation of genes with male-biased gene expression (demasculinization). This trend is matched by retrogenes, which typically have a male biased gene expression pattern and show a significant movement bias from X-chromosomes to autosomes. It is currently assumed that these patterns are best explained by selection, either mediated by male meiotic sex chromosome inactivation (MSCI) or sexually antagonistic forces. We scrutinized the evolutionary dynamics of retroposition by focusing on retrogenes for which the parental copy has degenerated. RESULTS: Consistent with a functional substitution of the degenerated gene by the retrogene, patterns of sequence evolution and gene expression were similar between retroposed and parental genes. Like previous studies, our set of retrogenes showed a significant movement off the X-chromosome. In contrast to data sets where retroposition caused gene duplication, the genes in our study showed primarily female-biased or unbiased gene expression. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our results, the biased transposition pattern cannot be explained by MSCI and probably not by sexual antagonism. Rather, we propose that the movement away from the X-chromosome represents a general property of retroposition in Drosophila. [less ▲]

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See detailLes non-recommandations dans le traitement de l'arthrose et de la polyarthrite rhumatoïde, ou pourquoi la médecine basée sur le niveau de preuve ne s'applique pas (encore) à la rhumatologie
Malaise, Michel ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2000), 55(5), 466-475

The speed with which the phrase "Evidence-Based Medicine" has entered our language has been astonishing. Virtually all medical areas are concerned, but it probably applies best when clearcut diagnosis can ... [more ▼]

The speed with which the phrase "Evidence-Based Medicine" has entered our language has been astonishing. Virtually all medical areas are concerned, but it probably applies best when clearcut diagnosis can be made or when mortality or well-defined morbidity are the outcomes, two conditions not really frequently encountered in rheumatology. We will discuss why rheumatology is probably not ready yet for the concept and will systematically review why "Evidence-Based Medicine" could in fact be "evidence-biased medicine". We will emphasize why evidence-based medicine can not replace the personal experience and knowledge of patients, two major corner-stones in the clinician's daily work, but should simply be an access to scientific data for the benefit of both patient and physician. [less ▲]

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See detailNon-renewable and intermittent renewable energy sources: friends and foes?
baranes, edmond; Jacqmin, Julien ULg; poudou, jean-christophe

E-print/Working paper (2015)

This paper studies the links between non-renewable and intermittent renewable energy sources in the production of electricity. We argue that the relationship between the price of natural gas and ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the links between non-renewable and intermittent renewable energy sources in the production of electricity. We argue that the relationship between the price of natural gas and investments in solar and wind capacity is represented by a bell-shaped curve, as opposed to being linear. Hence, for relatively low natural gas prices, the two modes of production are substitutes. After a price threshold is reached, the two are complementary. A theoretical model explains this as the trade-off resulting from two forces: the input price differential of these two modes of production and the risks related to the unpredictable nature of renewable energy. Using U.S. state-level data from 1998 to 2012, we find that this relationship is robust to various empirical specifications. [less ▲]

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See detailLa non-représentation d'enfants et les moyens de défense
Kefer, Fabienne ULg

in Annales de la Faculté de droit de l'Université de Liège (1988)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (0 ULg)