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Peer Reviewed
See detailReal-time analytic sensitivity method for transient security assessment and preventive control
Xue, Yusheng; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg; Pavella, Mania

in IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission & Distribution (1988), 134

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See detailA real-time assessment of the ship design complexity
Caprace, Jean-David ULg; Rigo, Philippe ULg

in Computer-Aided Design (2012), 44

The paper introduces an innovative complexity metric for passenger ships taking into account the shape complexity of steel parts, the assembly complexity and the material complexity. The goal is to ... [more ▼]

The paper introduces an innovative complexity metric for passenger ships taking into account the shape complexity of steel parts, the assembly complexity and the material complexity. The goal is to provide the designer with such information throughout the design process so that an efficient design is obtained at the first design run. Real-time assessment of complexity and quality measurements is rather imperative to ensure efficient and effective optimality search, and to allow real-time adjustment of requirements during the design. Application and validation on a real passenger ship show that the new method is effective in giving a complementary aid to decision process for ship designers. [less ▲]

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See detailReal-time auralization of industrial noise
Embrechts, Jean-Jacques ULg; Bos, Lionel ULg

in Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics & Belgian Acoustical Society (2010, April)

A real-time and interactive auralization system has been developed within the research project Auralias (www.auralias.be). Originally conceived for architectural acoustics applications, this system is now ... [more ▼]

A real-time and interactive auralization system has been developed within the research project Auralias (www.auralias.be). Originally conceived for architectural acoustics applications, this system is now applied to auralize the effect of noise reduction solutions in industrial halls. Some specific characters of this kind of problems are first identified: several sources with intermittent noise emission, rectangular hall geometries, quite reverberant spaces, sound level calibration needed. A protocol for the application of the auralizer is then tested on an example, from the room acoustics model to the final sound rendering. [less ▲]

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See detailA Real-Time Grading Method Of Apples Based On Features Extracted From Defects
Leemans, Vincent ULg; Destain, Marie-France ULg

in Journal of Food Engineering (2004), 61(1),

This paper presents a hierarchical grading method applied to Jonagold apples. Several images covering the whole surface of the fruits were acquired thanks to a prototype grading machine. These images were ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a hierarchical grading method applied to Jonagold apples. Several images covering the whole surface of the fruits were acquired thanks to a prototype grading machine. These images were then segmented and the features of the defects were extracted. During a learning procedure, the objects were classified into clusters by k-mean clustering. The classification probabilities of the objects were summarised and on this basis the fruits were graded using quadratic discriminant analysis. The fruits were correctly graded with a rate of 73 %. The errors were found having origins in the segmentation of the defects or for a particular wound, in a confusion with the calyx end. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (1 ULg)
See detailReal-time holographic interferometer with BSO crystal using phase-shifting for quantitative deformation measurements
Georges, Marc ULg; Lemaire, Philippe ULg

in Anderson, D.; Feinberg, J. (Eds.) Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices (1995, June)

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See detailReal-time holographic interferometry with sillenite crystals : a breadboard system for industrial applications I. Final Configuration and applications
Georges, Marc ULg; Lemaire, Philippe

in Ohzu, H. (Ed.) Proceedings of 1997 Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices (PR'97) (1997, June)

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See detailReal-time holographic interferometry with sillenite crystals : a breadboard system for industrial applications II. Optimization
Georges, Marc ULg; Lemaire, Philippe

in Ohzu, H. (Ed.) Proceedings of 1997 Topical Meeting on Photorefractive Materials, Effects and Devices (PR'97) (1997, June)

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See detailReal-Time Image Analysis of Iron Ore Cores and Drill Chips to Complement Spectral Measures
Belligoï, Thomas; Ramanaidou, Eric; Pirard, Eric ULg

in Proceedings of Iron Ore 2011 (2011, July)

Diamond cores and drill chips provide the only direct physical evidence for ore containing rocks. Early characterisation of cores and drill chips is important as it provides critical information for ... [more ▼]

Diamond cores and drill chips provide the only direct physical evidence for ore containing rocks. Early characterisation of cores and drill chips is important as it provides critical information for downstream processing. Traditional characterisation techniques include visual logging by a geologist or analytic and spectroscopic methods but they are time consuming and can miss some important textural or geomechanical features. The goal of this work is to evaluate the application of image analysis to iron ore cores and drill chips and to suggest improvements to existing core-scanning and chip monitoring systems. Two samples of massive ore differing by their mineralogy and texture, as well as two different batches of drill chips, have been imaged and analysed. Results are compared in function of the imaging system and the classifi cation algorithms. As a conclusion, despite the necessity for more testing and improvements in calibration and lighting, it is obvious that image analysis technologies can bring a lot of useful information in the perspective of a geometallurgical mapping of the deposit. [less ▲]

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See detailReal-time monitoring of cell viability and cell density on the basis of a three dimensional optical reflectance method (3D-ORM): investigation of the effect of sub-lethal and lethal injuries
Brognaux, Alison ULg; Bugge, Jörg; Schwartz, Friedel et al

in Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology (2013)

Cell density and cell viability have been followed on-line by using a three-dimensional optical reflectance method (3D-ORM) probe. This method has allowed to highlight the differences between a well-mixed ... [more ▼]

Cell density and cell viability have been followed on-line by using a three-dimensional optical reflectance method (3D-ORM) probe. This method has allowed to highlight the differences between a well-mixed and a scale-down bioreactor configured in order to reproduce mixing deficiencies during a fed-batch culture of E. coli. These differences have been observed both for the obscuration factor (OBF) and the coincidence probability (COP) delivered by the probe. These parameters are correlated to flow cytometry measurement based on the PI-uptake test and cell density based on optical density measurement. This first set of results has pointed out the fact that the 3D-ORM probe is sensitive to sub-lethal injuries encountered by microbial cells in process-related conditions. The effect of lethal injuries has been further investigated on the basis of additional experiments involving heat stress and a sharp increase of the OBF has been observed indicating that cells are effectively injured by the increase of temperature. However, further improvement of the probe are needed in order to give access to single-cell measurements. [less ▲]

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See detailREAL-TIME MONITORING OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS TO MODEL WHEAT YIELD PRODUCTION
Dumont, Benjamin ULg; Leemans, Vincent ULg; Lebeau, Frédéric ULg et al

Poster (2010, September 07)

This paper presents the results of a one year preliminary study in which a real-time monitoring system was used to feed the STICS soil crop model. The monitoring system was made of a self-organising ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the results of a one year preliminary study in which a real-time monitoring system was used to feed the STICS soil crop model. The monitoring system was made of a self-organising wireless network within which microsensors collected and stored microclimatic and environmental data. As indicated by the statistical criteria (RMSE, normalized deviation and model efficiency), the optimisation of some wheat crop parameters allows the STICS model to predict the yields with good accuracy for three different soil types and seven different nitrogen application rates. [less ▲]

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See detailReal-time monitoring of metabolic shift and transcriptional induction of yciG::luxCDABE E. coli reporter strain to a glucose pulse of different concentrations
Sunya, Sirichai; Gorret, Nathalie; Delvigne, Frank ULg et al

in Journal of Biotechnology (2012), 157(3), 379-390

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See detailA real-time operational procedure for GPS TEC based reconstruction of the electron profile at a single ionosonde location
Stankov, Stanimir; Warnant, René ULg; Jodogne, Jean-Claude

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2002, April), 4(ABS No. EGS02-A-05554),

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See detailReal-Time PCR detection of group B streptococci from pregnant women's vaginal specimens at time of delivery: clinical evaluation
MELIN, Pierrette ULg; Rodriguez Cuns, Grisel; Lorquet, Sophie et al

in American Society of Microbiology (Ed.) Program and Abstracts of the 44th Intersciences Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (2004, November)

Guidelines for prevention recommend intrapartum antimicrobial prohylaxis (IAP) for pregnant women with a positive prenatal culture-based screening for GBS. To improve this strategy, a rapid screening ... [more ▼]

Guidelines for prevention recommend intrapartum antimicrobial prohylaxis (IAP) for pregnant women with a positive prenatal culture-based screening for GBS. To improve this strategy, a rapid screening performed at the onset of labor with the IDI-Strep BTM test (IDI), a real time PCR detection (Infectio Diagnostic), may be used. Objective: To evaluate the performance of the IDI to detect GBS from vaginal specimens collected at time of delivery. Methods: Intrapartum vaginal specimens from 923 pregnant women were tested to determine the status of GBS colonization, by CDC’s recommended culture method (including selective LIM broth) with a Granada agar (GR) added as well as by the IDI and the immunologic StrepB OIATM test (OIA), BioStar. The performance of the different methods was compared. Results: GBS were recovered from 16.8% and 23.6% specimens respectively on primary culture plates and overall. The colonization rate for GBS was 18.6 % by IDI and 15.7 % by OIA testing. The sensitivity of IDI for identifying vaginal colonization status at delivery was 92 % or 77.1 % when compared to GR primary cultures or to overall culture results, and for the OIA, it was respectively 65.1 or 52.1 %. The specificity was 99.1 % for IDI and 95.5 % for OIA. The turnaround time for obtaining results was less than one hour for both IDI and OIA. Conclusions: 1) Strep B-IDI test, performed on intrapartum vaginal specimens, yields relevant results rapidly enough to be used as an efficient diagnostic tool for the identification of GBS colonized women, in order to offer IAP really targeted to GBS carriers. 2) By comparison to the prenatal screening-based strategy, the high sensitivity and specificity of IDI would allow a reduction of useless IAP and of missed opportunities. 3) IDI testing might be implemented “in routine” in some hospitals for further clinical and practical evaluation. [less ▲]

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See detailReal-time processing of depth and color video streams to improve the reliability of depth maps
Pierard, Sébastien ULg; Leens, Jérôme ULg; Van Droogenbroeck, Marc ULg

Poster (2009, November)

Depth is a useful information in vision to understand the geometrical properties of an environment. Depth is traditionally computed in terms of a disparity map acquired by a stereoscopic system but, over ... [more ▼]

Depth is a useful information in vision to understand the geometrical properties of an environment. Depth is traditionally computed in terms of a disparity map acquired by a stereoscopic system but, over the last few years, several manufacturers have released single-lens cameras that directly capture depth information (also called range). This is an important technological breakthrough although range signals remain difficult to handle in practice, due to many reasons (low resolution, noise, low framerate, . . . ). Practitioners still struggle to use range data in their applications. The purpose of this paper is to give a brief introduction to range data (captured with a camera), discuss common limitations, and propose techniques to cope with difficulties typically encountered with range cameras. These techniques are based on a simultaneous view of the scene by a color and a depth camera that are combined to improve their interpretation in real time. [less ▲]

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See detailReal-time quantitative holographic interferometry using sillenite crystals for the study of varying objects
Georges, Marc ULg; Lemaire, Philippe

in EOS-SFO Toptical Meeting on Materials for Non Linear Optics (1996, January)

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Peer Reviewed
See detailReal-time reconstruction of the vertical electron density distribution from GPS TEC measurements
Stankov, Stanimir; Warnant, René ULg; Jodogne, Jean-Claude

in Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica (2003), 38(4), 377-388

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See detailReal-time RT-PCR quantification of mRNA encoding cytokines and chemokines in histologically normal canine nasal, bronchial and pulmonary tissue
Peeters, Dominique ULg; Peters, I. R.; Farnir, Frédéric ULg et al

in Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology (2005), 104(3-4), 195-204

Cytokines and chemokines are likely to be involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases of the canine respiratory tract. The roles and relative amounts of these molecules have not yet been defined ... [more ▼]

Cytokines and chemokines are likely to be involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases of the canine respiratory tract. The roles and relative amounts of these molecules have not yet been defined in the respiratory mucosa of normal dogs or dogs with naturally acquired respiratory inflammation. In the present study, real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays were employed to quantify messenger RNA (mRNA) encoding the chemokines monocyte chernotactic protein (MCP)-2, eotaxin-2 and eotaxin-3, and the cytokines interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p40, IL-18, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) in normal nasal, bronchial and pulmonary tissues from puppies (n = 4) and from adult dogs (n = 7). There was no significant difference in the expression of any transcript between puppies and adult dogs at any of the anatomical sites examined. The expression of mRNA encoding eotaxin-2 and eotaxin-3 increased significantly with progression from the nasal mucosa to pulmonary parenchyma but expression of MCP-2 mRNA did not show this trend. At all levels of the respiratory mucosa, the most abundant transcripts were those encoding IL-18 and TGF-beta. Transcripts encoding IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 and TNF-alpha were approximately ten-fold less abundant, and IL-4, IL-5 and IFN-gamma were the least abundant templates. There was significantly different amount of mRNA encoding IL-5, IL- 18 and TNF-alpha between particular anatomical levels of the respiratory mucosa while the mRNA expression of the other cytokines was similar at all anatomical sites. The results of the present study will enable comparisons to be made with results obtained from similar samples obtained from dogs with nasal, bronchial or pulmonary diseases. (c) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (1 ULg)