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See detailLong-Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF) and Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) Conceptual Design Report Volume 2: The Physics Program for DUNE at LBNF
Aristizabal Sierra, Diego ULg

Report (2015)

The global neutrino physics community is developing a multi-decade physics program to measure unknown parameters of the Standard Model of particle physics and search for new phenomena. The program will be ... [more ▼]

The global neutrino physics community is developing a multi-decade physics program to measure unknown parameters of the Standard Model of particle physics and search for new phenomena. The program will be carried out as an international, leading-edge, dual-site experiment for neutrino science and proton decay studies, which is known as the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). The detectors for this experiment will be designed, built, commissioned and operated by the international DUNE Collaboration. The facility required to support this experiment, the Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF), is hosted by Fermilab and its design and construction is organized as a DOE/Fermilab project incorporating international partners. Together LBNF and DUNE will comprise the world’s highest-intensity neutrino beam at Fermilab, in Batavia, IL, a high-precision near detector on the Fermilab site, a massive liquid argon time-projection chamber (LArTPC) far detector installed deep underground at the Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF) 1300 km away in Lead, SD, and all of the conventional and technical facilities necessary to support the beamline and detector systems. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF) and Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) Conceptual Design Report, Volume 4 The DUNE Detectors at LBNF
Aristizabal Sierra, Diego ULg

Report (2016)

The LBNF/DUNE CDR describes the proposed physics program and technical designs at the conceptual design stage. At this stage, the design is still undergoing development and the CDR therefore presents a ... [more ▼]

The LBNF/DUNE CDR describes the proposed physics program and technical designs at the conceptual design stage. At this stage, the design is still undergoing development and the CDR therefore presents a reference design for each element as well as alternative designs that are under consideration. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-expected! - First record of demosponge-type spicules in a Devonian stromatoporoid (Frasnian, Belgium).
Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Kershaw, Stephen; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg et al

in Kölner Forum für Geologie und Paläontologie (2011), 19

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See detailLong-incubation time-interferon-gamma release assays in response to PPD-, ESAT-6- and/or CFP-10 for the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in children
Schepers, Kinda; Mouchet, Françoise; Dirix, Violette et al

in Clinical and Vaccine Immunology (2014), 21(2), 111-118

Background: Diagnosis of childhood active tuberculosis (aTB) or latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection (LTBI) remains a challenge, and replacement of tuberculin skin tests (TST) by ... [more ▼]

Background: Diagnosis of childhood active tuberculosis (aTB) or latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection (LTBI) remains a challenge, and replacement of tuberculin skin tests (TST) by commercialized interferon-gamma release assays (IGRA) is not currently recommended. Methods: 266 children between 1 month and 15 years of age, 214 being at risk of recent Mtb infection and 51 being included as controls, were prospectively enrolled. According results of clinical evaluation, TST, chest X-Ray and microbiology, children were classified as non-infected, LTBI or aTB. Long-incubation time PPD-, ESAT-6-, and CFP-10-IGRA were performed and evaluated for their accuracy to correctly classify the children. Results: Whereas both TST and PPD-IGRA were suboptimal to detect aTB, combining CFP-10-IGRA with TST or with PPD-IGRA allowed us to detect all the children with aTB, with 96% specificity for children who were positive for CFP-10-IGRA. Moreover, combination of CFP-10- and PPD-IGRA also detected 96% of children classified as LTBI, but a strong IFN-γ response to CFP-10 (>500 pg/ml) was highly suggestive of aTB at least among children less than 3 years old. Conclusions: Long-incubation time CFP-10- and PPD-IGRA should help the clinicians to identify quickly aTB or LTBI in young children. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-lasting airway inflammmation associated with equid herpesvirus -2 in experimentally challenged horses
Fortier; Richard, E.; Hue, E. et al

in Veterinary Journal (2013), 197(2), 492495

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See detailLong-lasting effect of subliminal processes on cardiovascular responses and performance.
Capa, Rémi ULg; Cleeremans, Axel; Bustin, Gaëlle ULg et al

in International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology (2011), 81(1), 22-30

Students were exposed to a priming task in which subliminal representations of the goal of studying were directly paired (priming-positive group) or not (priming group) to positive words. A control group ... [more ▼]

Students were exposed to a priming task in which subliminal representations of the goal of studying were directly paired (priming-positive group) or not (priming group) to positive words. A control group without subliminal prime of the goal was added. Just after the priming task, students performed an easy or a difficult learning task based on their coursework. Participants in the priming-positive group performed better and had a stronger decrease of pulse transit time and pulse wave amplitude reactivity than participants of the two other groups, but only during the difficult condition. Results suggested that subliminal priming induces effortful behavior extending over twenty five minutes but only when the primes had been associated with visible positive words acting as a reward. These findings provide evidence that subliminal priming can have long-lasting effects on behaviors typical of daily life. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-lived organic compounds (Chapter 1)
Prinn, R.; Zander, Rodolphe ULg; Cunnold, D. M. et al

in Albritton; Aucamp, Pieter J.; Mégie, Gérard (Eds.) et al Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 1998 (1999)

This assessment report is a summary of the scientific community's current understanding of the stratospheric ozone layer and its relation to humankind.

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See detailLong-lived organic compounds (Chapter 1)
Clerbaux, C.; Cunnold, D. M.; Anderson, J. et al

in Nohende Ajavon, Ayité-Lô; Albritton, Daniel L.; Watson, Robert T. (Eds.) Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 2006 (2007)

This assessment report is a summary of the scientific community's current understanding of the stratospheric ozone layer and its relation to humankind.

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See detailLong-pulsed ruby laser-assisted hair removal in male-to-female transsexuals.
Paquet, Philippe ULg; Fumal, I.; Pierard, Claudine ULg et al

in Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology (2002), 1(1), 8-12

BACKGROUND: Unwanted male-pattern pilosity is a heavy psychological burden and can cause distress for male-to-female transsexuals. Orchidectomy and oestrogen supplementation combined with antiandrogens ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Unwanted male-pattern pilosity is a heavy psychological burden and can cause distress for male-to-female transsexuals. Orchidectomy and oestrogen supplementation combined with antiandrogens fail to make hair disappear. AIMS: To study the effect of long-pulsed ruby laser treatment. RESULTS: Hair density was successfully abated on the beard and chest of three male-to-female transsexuals. A lingering effect over 6 months with a 50-90% hair density reduction was obtained. CONCLUSION: Photothermolysis using the long-pulsed ruby laser is a promising, well-tolerated method of hair removal in male-to-female transsexuals under oestrogen supplementation and antiandrogens. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-range Coulomb interaction in ZrO2
Detraux, F.; Ghosez, Philippe ULg; Gonze, X.

in Physical Review Letters (1998), 81(15), 3297-3297

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See detailLong-range potential and the fine structure of the diffraction peak
Selyugin, O. V.; Cudell, Jean-René ULg

in Capua, Marcella (Ed.) DIFFRACTION 2010: International Workshop on Diffraction in High Energy Physics Diffraction in High Energy Physics (2010)

The possibility of oscillations in the differential elastic cross section of hadron scattering at small momentum transfer is studied. It is shown that string-like quark potentials at large distances can ... [more ▼]

The possibility of oscillations in the differential elastic cross section of hadron scattering at small momentum transfer is studied. It is shown that string-like quark potentials at large distances can lead to such small oscillations, and an analysis of the experimental data at small |t| allows the determination of the parameters of the potential. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-range Rydberg-blockade entangling gate mediated by auxiliary atoms
Cesa, Alexandre ULg; Martin, John ULg

Poster (2017, March 09)

Arrays of qubits encoded in the ground state manifold of trapped neutral atoms appear as a promising platform for the realisation of a scalable quantum computer. Indeed, such physical qubits have a long ... [more ▼]

Arrays of qubits encoded in the ground state manifold of trapped neutral atoms appear as a promising platform for the realisation of a scalable quantum computer. Indeed, such physical qubits have a long coherence time and allow for high-fidelity single-qubit operations [1]. In such a platform, entangling two-qubit gates can be implemented by exploiting the Rydberg-blockade mechanism to produce a phase shift or a flip of the state of a target atom conditioned on the state of a control atom [2]. However, because dipole-dipole interactions fall off rapidly with the interatomic distance, such entangling gates based on Rydberg-blockade are impractical between distant qubits. In this work, we propose a protocol to implement long-range Rydberg-blockade gates (CZ or CNot) using auxillary non-coding atoms to transfer the Rydberg excitation from the control to the target qubit. The dependence of the fidelity on the number of auxillary atoms, the blockade strength and the decay rates of the Rydberg states are determined. When compared to a sequential application of nearest neighbours entangling gates, our protocol leads to a larger fidelity and a reduction of the overall gate duration (which scales linearly with the number of auxillary atoms). [1] M. Saffman, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 49, 202001 (2016). [2] D. Jaksch, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, R. Côté, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2208 (2000). [less ▲]

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See detailLong-slit pre and postperihelion spectrography of Comet P/Halley
Arpigny, Claude ULg; Dossin, F.; Zucconi, J. M. et al

in ESLAB Symposium on the Exploration of Halley's Comet (1986, December 01)

A series of about forty long-slit spectra of Halley's comet has been secured in the optical wavelength region, using different instruments, at resolution ranging from 0.05 to 1.6 nm. The interval of ... [more ▼]

A series of about forty long-slit spectra of Halley's comet has been secured in the optical wavelength region, using different instruments, at resolution ranging from 0.05 to 1.6 nm. The interval of heliocentric distance r covered by these observations is 1.7 to 0.9 a.u. before perihelion, while r = 0.95 a.u. after perihelion. The main characteristics of the pre-perihelion spectra are described. In particular, some emissions due to the OH[SUP]+[/SUP] (0,1) and CH[SUP]+[/SUP](1,0) bands have been detected for the first time. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-Term (3 Years) Prevention of Trabecular Postmenopausal Bone Loss with Low-Dose Intermittent Nasal Salmon Calcitonin
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Denis, D.; Deroisy, Rita ULg et al

in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research : The Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (1994), 9(1), 69-73

The long-term effect of intermittent low-dose nasal salmon calcitonin on trabecular early postmenopausal bone loss was assessed as follow-up to a previously published study. Randomized controlled group ... [more ▼]

The long-term effect of intermittent low-dose nasal salmon calcitonin on trabecular early postmenopausal bone loss was assessed as follow-up to a previously published study. Randomized controlled group comparison was made of 287 healthy women with 6-36 months of natural menopause and no treatment interfering with calcium metabolism at an outpatient clinic for research in bone and cartilage metabolism. The 287 women were randomly allocated to 3 years of treatment with either 500 mg/day, 5 days/week of calcium or the same amount of calcium plus 50 IU/day, 5 days per week of nasal salmon calcitonin. A total of 186 women complied with the study protocol throughout. The main outcome measures were bone mineral density of the lumbar spine (DPA) and biochemical parameters reflecting bone turnover (serum alkaline phosphatases, urinary calcium/creatinine, and hydroxyproline/creatinine ratio). The average changes in bone mineral density after 36 months showed a positive (p < 0.05) outcome (1.8 +/- 5.7%; mean +/- SD) in the group treated with salmon calcitonin and calcium and a significant (p < 0.01) loss (-5.8 +/- 4.8%) in patients receiving calcium alone. The difference between the evolution of the two groups was significantly (p < 0.01) different after 6 months of treatment and remained so until the end of the study. No significant changes were recorded in biochemical parameters reflecting bone turnover. As previously shown during a 1 year follow-up, nasal salmon calcitonin given at low dose and intermittently, in association with calcium, can counteract trabecular postmenopausal bone loss. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-term (3 years) reproducibility for the radiological assessment of knee osteoarthritis
DEROISY, Rita ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Gensburger, Deborah et al

in Osteoporosis International (2012, March), 23(Suppl. 2), 219-220

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See detailLong-term activity and outburst of comet C/2013 A1 (Siding Spring) from narrow-band photometry and long-slit spectroscopy
Opitom, Cyrielle ULg; Guilbert-Lepoutre, A.; Jehin, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2016), 589

In this paper, we present a unique data set of more than one year's worth of regular observations of comet C/2013 A1(Siding Spring) with TRAPPIST in Chile, along with low-resolution spectra obtained with ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we present a unique data set of more than one year's worth of regular observations of comet C/2013 A1(Siding Spring) with TRAPPIST in Chile, along with low-resolution spectra obtained with the ESO/VLT FORS 2 instrument. The comet made a close approach to Mars on October 19, 2014 and was then observed by many space and ground-based telescopes. We followed the evolution of the OH, NH, CN, $\mathrm{C_3}$, and $\mathrm{C_2}$ production rates as well as the $Af\rho$ parameter as a proxy for the dust production. We detected an outburst two weeks after perihelion, with gas and dust production rates being multiplied by a factor five within a few days. By modelling the shape of the CN and $\mathrm{C_2}$ radial profiles, we determined that the outburst happened around on November 10 around 15:30 UT ($\pm$ 5h) and measured a gas ejection velocity of $1.1\pm0.2$ km/s. We used a thermal evolution model to reproduce the activity pattern and outburst. Our results are consistent with the progressive formation of a dust mantle explaining the shallow dependence of gas production rates, which may be partially blown off during the outburst. We studied the evolution of gas composition, using various ratios such as CN/OH, $\mathrm{C_2}$/OH, or $\mathrm{C_3}$/OH, which showed little or no variation with heliocentric distance including at the time of the outburst. This indicates a relative level of homogeneity of the nucleus composition. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-term analysis of rainfall and temperature data in Burkina Faso (1950–2013)
De Longueville, Florence; Hountondji, Yvon-Carmen; Kindo, Issa et al

in International Journal of Climatology (2016)

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See detailLong-term bedload mobility in gravel-bed rivers using iron slag as a tracer
Houbrechts, Geoffrey ULg; Levecq, Yannick ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg et al

in Geomorphology (2011), 126

Bedload dispersion is evaluated in gravel-bed rivers using slag elements from ironworks established along rivers in the Ardenne region, between the fourteenth and the nineteenth centuries. Large ... [more ▼]

Bedload dispersion is evaluated in gravel-bed rivers using slag elements from ironworks established along rivers in the Ardenne region, between the fourteenth and the nineteenth centuries. Large quantities of slag were dumped close to these rivers or even directly into the channels. For centuries, slag elements were dispersed in the bedload and transported by floods of varying importance. Consequently, slag may be considered as a reliable tracer to analyze bedload dispersion over several centuries. The size of slag elements was studied along 16 Ardenne rivers. The longitudinal size trend of the largest slag particles allows the effective competence of these rivers to be determined (between 19 and 129 mm for rivers where specific stream power for the bankfull discharge ranges between 20 and 134 W/m²). A direct relationship doesn’t exist between these two parameters as the size of slag elements must be considered with regard to the D50 of the bed. Selective transport was analyzed directly downstream of the input sites. The sorting distance varies from river to river and depends on the velocity of the coarse elements introduced into the river since the inception of the iron industry. Downstream of two metallurgic sites, the slag propagation fronts were located. As the periods of activity at these sites are known from historical studies, the virtual velocity of bedload movement in these rivers was estimated to be 2-4 km/century. [less ▲]

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