Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe need for an objective measure in septorhinoplasty surgery: Are we any closer to finding an answer?
ANDREWS, Peter J; CHOUDHURY, Natasha; TAKHAR, Arun et al

in Clinical Otolaryngology (2015)

OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability of nasal inspiratory peak flow (NIPF) in providing a clinically accurate objective measure following functional septorhinoplasty by comparing it to the validated ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability of nasal inspiratory peak flow (NIPF) in providing a clinically accurate objective measure following functional septorhinoplasty by comparing it to the validated disease specific quality of life questionnaire, SNOT-22. Studies so far have demonstrated poor correlation between bilateral NIPF and symptom specific nasal questionnaires following septorhinoplasty.. DESIGN: To perform a prospective comparative analysis between NIPF and the validated disease specific quality of life questionnaire SNOT 22 and to determine if a correlation exists following septorhinoplasty surgery. SETTING: The Royal National Throat Nose and Ear Hospital, London. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 122 patients (78 males, 44 females; mean age 33.5 +/- 12.2 years) were recruited from the senior authors rhinology clinic and underwent functional septorhinoplasty surgery MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pre and post-operative nasal inspiratory peak flow (NIPF) measurements were performed in addition to the completion of three subjective quality of life and symptom assessment tool questionnaires; Sinonasal Outcome Test 22 (SNOT-22), Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) and Visual Analogue Scores (VAS: 0-10). RESULTS: The mean pre-operative NIPF was 88.2L/min, and the post-operative value was 101.6L/min and showed a significant improvement following surgery (P = 0.0064). The mean total SNOT-22 score improved significantly from 48.6 to 26.6 (P<0.0001); the NOSE score from 14.1 to 6.6 (P<0.0001); and the VAS blockage score from 6.9 to 3.2 (P<0.0001). All individual domains assessed showed improvements post-operatively but no correlation was found between the NIPF and SNOT-22 score. Equally, we did not find a correlation between NIPF and the symptom specific NOSE questionnaire and the nasal blockage domain on the VAS scale. CONCLUSION: We have demonstrated that NIPF does not correlate with the SNOT 22 disease specific questionnaire, although both outcomes significantly improve post-operatively. At present we are still lacking a clinically accurate objective measure of nasal function for the evaluation of patients undergoing septorhinoplasty surgery. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe need for clinical guidance in the use of calcium and vitamin D in the management of osteoporosis: a consensus report
Boonen, S.; Rizzoli, R.; Meunier, P. J. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2004), 15(7), 511-519

A European Union (EU) directive on vitamins and minerals used as ingredients of food supplements with a nutritional or physiological effect (2002/46/EC) was introduced in 2003. Its implications for the ... [more ▼]

A European Union (EU) directive on vitamins and minerals used as ingredients of food supplements with a nutritional or physiological effect (2002/46/EC) was introduced in 2003. Its implications for the use of oral supplements of calcium and vitamin D in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis were discussed at a meeting organized with the help of the World Health Organization ( WHO) Collaborating Center for Public Health Aspects of Rheumatic Diseases (Liege, Belgium) and the support of the WHO Collaborating Center for Osteoporosis Prevention (Geneva, Switzerland). The following issues were addressed: Is osteoporosis a physiological or a medical condition? What is the evidence for the efficacy of calcium and vitamin D in the management of postmenopausal osteoporosis? What are the risks of self-management by patients in osteoporosis? From their discussions, the panel concluded that: (1) osteoporosis is a disease that requires continuing medical attention to ensure optimal therapeutic benefits; (2) when given in appropriate doses, calcium and vitamin D have been shown to be pharmacologically active (particularly in patients with dietary deficiencies), safe, and effective for the prevention and treatment of osteoporotic fractures; (3) calcium and vitamin D are an essential, but not sufficient, component of an integrated management strategy for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in patients with dietary insufficiencies, although maximal benefit in terms of fracture prevention requires the addition of antiresorptive therapy; (4) calcium and vitamin D are a cost-effective medication in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis; (5) it is apparent that awareness of the efficacy of calcium and vitamin D in osteoporosis is still low and further work needs to be done to increase awareness among physicians, patients, and women at risk; and (6) in order that calcium and vitamin D continues to be manufactured to Good Manufacturing Practice standards and physicians and other health care professionals continue to provide guidance for the optimal use of these agents, they should continue to be classified as medicinal products. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe need for economic evaluation in osteoarthritis
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Aging Health (2009), 5(5), 591-594

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThe need for harmonized estimates of forest biodiversity indicators
Winter, Susanne; McRoberts, Ronald E.; Chirici, Gherardo et al

in Chirici, Gherardo; Winter, Susanne; McRoberts, Ronald E. (Eds.) National Forest Inventories - contributions to Forest Biodiversity Assessments (2011)

The investigations of Working Group 3 of COST Action E43 focused on assessing the ability of NFI's to report harmonized estimates of forest biodiversity indicators using NFI data. Four related factors ... [more ▼]

The investigations of Working Group 3 of COST Action E43 focused on assessing the ability of NFI's to report harmonized estimates of forest biodiversity indicators using NFI data. Four related factors motivated the investigations. Firstly, the importance of forest biodiversity for the economic, environmental, and social well-being of earth's civilizations is gaining wide international acceptance. Secondly, this acceptance has led to numerous international forest sustainability and biodiversity agreements that require periodic reports of estimates of indicators. Thirdly, the ability to report comparable estimates is impeded by the variety of sampling designs, plot configurations, selected variables, and measurement protocols used by the NFIs of different countries. Fourthly, the features of individual NFIs have evolved in response to unique ecological, economic, topographic, and climatic characteristics, and desire of the individual countries to retain the features. The general conclusion of these motivating factors is that apart from substantial standardization of NFIs, the best method for facilitating comparable reporting is to develop harmonization methods. Working Group 3 undertook a four-phase approach to developing methods for harmonizing estimates of biodiversity indicators using NFI data. The first phase entailed evaluating the importance of biodiversity variables and the feasibility of assessing them using NFI data. The conclusion of this phase was the selection of 17 biodiversity variables that were both important and feasible, grouping of them into seven essential features, and construction of common reference definitions for the variables. The second phase entailed evaluation of the agreement among NFIs with respect to the common definitions and measurement practices. The third phase entailed development of bridges (Stahl et al submitted) for converting estimates of forest biodiversity indicators obtained using national definitions to estimates consistent with the reference definitions. The fourth phase entailed construction of a common database of NFI data contributed by NFIs participating in COST Action E43 and testing of reference definitions and bridges developed by Working Group 3. The following chapters provide details and specific results for the four phases. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNeed for high-standard translation methodology for the dissemination of guidelines.
Henrotin, Yves ULg

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2009), 17(12), 1536-8

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (4 ULg)
See detailThe need for site-specific height-diameter allometry of Central African moist forests
Loubota Panzou, Grâce Jopaul ULg; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg; Fayolle, Adeline ULg

Conference (2015, March 21)

L’utilisation de l’allométrie hauteur-diamètre globale ou régionale en milieu tropical pourrait avoir des conséquences importantes dans les estimations de biomasse et des stocks de carbone. L’objectif de ... [more ▼]

L’utilisation de l’allométrie hauteur-diamètre globale ou régionale en milieu tropical pourrait avoir des conséquences importantes dans les estimations de biomasse et des stocks de carbone. L’objectif de ce travail est d’identifier les variations de l’allométrie hauteur-diamètre au sein de deux types de forêts (forêt sempervirente et forêt semi-décidue) au sud du Cameroun et d’examiner leurs conséquences sur les estimations de biomasse. Le diamètre et la hauteur ont été mesurés sur un total de 521 arbres appartenant à 15 espèces et couvrant une gamme de diamètre de 10 à 240 cm. Une calibration des mesures non destructives et destructives de la hauteur a été réalisée sur 60 arbres. Dix modèles allométriques ont été ajustés sur ces données. Le meilleur modèle a été sélectionné avec Akaike Information Criterion (AIC). L’allométrie hauteur-diamètre au niveau des sites et entre les espèces a montré une tendance asymptotique (Modèle de Michaelis-Menten). Pour un même diamètre, les arbres étaient plus hauts dans les forêts semi-décidues que dans les forêts sempervirentes. Les différences de biomasse entre les deux types de forêts sont dues par les variations de l’allométrie hauteur-diamètre. Les variations de l’allométrie hauteur-diamètre sont donc d’une extrême importance dans les estimations de biomasse et des stocks de carbone des forêts denses humides tropicales d’Afrique centrale. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (11 ULg)
See detailThe need of a QC/QA system in waste landfills projects
Courard, Luc ULg

in Encyclopedia of Environmental Control Technology. Volume IX (1995)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNeeds and expectations regarding risk ranking in the food chain: A pilot survey amongst decision makers and stakeholders
Speybroeck, N; Devleesschouwer, B; Depoorter, P et al

in Food Control (2015), 54

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNeeds-Supplies Fit and Behavioral Outcomes: The Mediating Role of Organizational Identification
Travaglianti, Fabrice ULg; Babic, Audrey ULg; Pepermans, Roland et al

in Journal of Management & Organization (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe neem et la lutte integree.
Schiffers, Bruno ULg

in Echos du COTA (1999), 84

L'agriculture est prise dans un cycle toujours plus contraignant d'intensification qui se fait au détriment de la qualité des produits et de l'environnement. Une solution partielle à ces dérives: utiliser ... [more ▼]

L'agriculture est prise dans un cycle toujours plus contraignant d'intensification qui se fait au détriment de la qualité des produits et de l'environnement. Une solution partielle à ces dérives: utiliser des plantes pour la protection des cultures. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (11 ULg)
See detailNéerlandais / Presse radio
Yans, Baudoin ULg; Engelen, Nicole ULg; Nachtergaele, Lutgarde

Book published by De Boeck Université (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (1 ULg)
See detailNéerlandais intermédiaire et avancé - presse écrite
Hiligsmann, Philippe; Neven, Anneke; Rasier, Laurent ULg et al

Book published by De Boeck (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 99 (1 ULg)
See detailNéerlandais Presse Radio
Nachtergaele, Lutgarde ULg; Yans, Baudoin ULg; Engelen, Nicole ULg

Book published by De Boeck Université (2010)

method to improve the listening comprehension for the Dutch language (advanced level) - methode om de luistervaardigheid te verbeteren (de methode is gebaseerd op uitzendingen van de Vlaamse en ... [more ▼]

method to improve the listening comprehension for the Dutch language (advanced level) - methode om de luistervaardigheid te verbeteren (de methode is gebaseerd op uitzendingen van de Vlaamse en Nederlandse radio) [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (15 ULg)
See detailNéfertiti est la plus belle des reines égyptiennes
Laboury, Dimitri ULg

in Le Grand Livre des idées reçues. Pour démêler le vrai du faux. Édition 2011 (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa négation bn ... iwnA en néo-égyptien
Winand, Jean ULg

in Lingua Aegyptia [= LingAeg] (1996), 5

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailNégation et jugement dans le néokantisme de Bade (Rickert et Lask)
Gauvry, Charlotte ULg

Conference (2013, November 25)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)